Buick 2004 Automobile User Manual

2004 Buick Rainier Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Rear Seats
............................................... 1-5
Safety Belts
.............................................. 1-7
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-26
Air Bag Systems
...................................... 1-45
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-55
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-3
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-8
Windows ................................................. 2-15
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-17
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-19
Mirrors .................................................... 2-31
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-35
HomeLink® Transmitter
............................. 2-36
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-40
Sunroof
.................................................. 2-45
Vehicle Personalization
............................. 2-45
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-20
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
........ 3-27
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-43
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-56
M
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-45
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-4
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-12
All-Wheel Drive
........................................ 5-51
Rear Axle
............................................... 5-51
Front Axle
............................................... 5-53
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-54
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-56
Tires
...................................................... 5-59
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-92
Vehicle Identification
............................... 5-101
Electrical System
.................................... 5-102
Capacities and Specifications
................... 5-113
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance and Information .............. 7-1
Customer Assistance and Information
........... 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-11
Index .................................................................1
Canadian Owners
You can obtain a French language copy of this manual
from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, BUICK,
the BUICK Emblem are registered trademarks and
the name Rainier is a trademark of General Motors
Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after
that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in
Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Buick Motor Division whenever it appears in
this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you are on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it
so the new owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. B2438 A FIRST EDITION
ii
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning to
end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you do
this, it will help you learn about the features and controls
for your vehicle. In this manual, you will find that pictures
and words work together to explain things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what is in
the manual, and the page number where you will find it.
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 07/14/03
All Rights Reserved
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
You will also find a
circle with a slash
through it in this book.
This safety symbol
means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or
“Don’t let this happen.”
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or
reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions.
If you don’t, you or others could be hurt.
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle,
are shown along with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific component, control,
message, gage or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the
notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different
words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Power Seats ..................................................1-2
Power Lumbar ...............................................1-2
Heated Seats .................................................1-3
Power Reclining Seatbacks ..............................1-4
Head Restraints .............................................1-5
Rear Seats .......................................................1-5
Rear Seat Operation .......................................1-5
Safety Belts .....................................................1-7
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone .................1-7
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-12
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-13
Driver Position ..............................................1-13
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-19
Right Front Passenger Position .......................1-20
Rear Seat Passengers ..................................1-20
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
for Children and Small Adults ......................1-23
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-25
Child Restraints .............................................1-26
Older Children ..............................................1-26
Infants and Young Children ............................1-28
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-32
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-35
Top Strap ....................................................1-36
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................1-37
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) ...........................1-38
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ....................................1-40
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position ................................1-40
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Seat Position ............................................1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position ....................................1-43
Air Bag Systems ............................................1-45
Where Are the Air Bags? ...............................1-49
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ....................1-51
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .....................1-52
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .....................1-52
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates? ...................................................1-53
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .........1-55
Restraint System Check ..................................1-55
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-55
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ............................................1-56
1-1
Front Seats
• Lift up or push down on the center of the seat
Power Seats
• To move the seat forward or rearward, slide the
control to move the entire seat up or down.
seat control forward or rearward.
The power seat
controls are located on
the outboard side of
the front seat cushions.
The horizontal control
adjusts the seat cushion
and the vertical control
adjusts the seatback.
• To recline the seatback, press the vertical control
rearward. To raise the seatback, press the vertical
control forward.
Power Lumbar
The seatback lumbar support can be adjusted by
moving a control located on the outboard side of the
seat cushions.
To increase or decrease support, hold the control
forward or rearward. Keep in mind that as your
seating position changes, as it may during long trips,
so should the position of your lumbar support. Adjust
the seat as needed.
• Move the front of the horizontal seat control up or
down to adjust the front portion of the cushion.
• Move the rear of the seat control up or down to
adjust the rear portion of the cushion.
1-2
Heated Seats
Your vehicle may have
heated front seats. The
buttons used to control
this feature are located
on the front door armrests.
The engine must be
running for the heated
seat feature to work.
To heat only the seatback, press the button with the
words BACK ONLY. An indicator light on the switch will
glow to designate that only the seatback is being
heated. Additional presses will cycle through the heat
levels for the seatback only. Press the horizontal button
again to heat the whole seat.
The feature will shut off automatically when the ignition
is turned off.
To heat the entire seat, press the horizontal button with
the heated seat symbol. Press the button repeatedly
to cycle through the temperature settings of high,
medium, low and off. The indicator lights will glow to
designate the level of heat selected: three for high,
two for medium and one for low. The low setting warms
the seatback and cushion until the seat temperature
is near body temperature. The medium and high settings
heat the seatback and seat cushion to a slightly
higher temperature. You will be able to feel heat in
about two minutes.
1-3
Power Reclining Seatbacks
Your vehicle may have this feature. The vertical power
seat control described earlier allows the seatback to
recline. See Power Seats on page 1-2 for more
information.
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job
when you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash,
you could go into it, receiving neck or other
injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash
the belt could go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
1-4
Head Restraints
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
Your vehicle has a 60/40 folding rear seat which lets
you fold the seatbacks down for more cargo space.
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
The head restraints lock into place when raised.
To release the head restraint and lower it, press the tab
located on the top of the seatback.
Pull up on the loop located where the seat cushion
meets the seatback to fold the seat cushion up and out
of the way. This will allow the seatback to fold flat
and increase the cargo area.
1-5
The rear seatback
levers are located on
the outboard side of
the rear seatbacks.
Pull the seatback toward you as you lift up on the lever.
The head restraint will automatically fold out of the
way when the seatback is folded down.
To raise the seatbacks, lift up the seatbacks and push
on them until they lock into the upright position.
Push and pull on the seatbacks to make sure that they
are latched securely. Then fold the bottom seat
cushion back into place.
1-6
To return the head restraint to the upright position,
reach behind the seat and pull the restraint up until it
locks into place. Push and pull on the head restraint to
make sure that it is latched securely.
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
{CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up.
See Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-30.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
1-7
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up
does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on
wheels.
1-8
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-9
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
1-10
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-11
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be — whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater
if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have
to wear safety belts?
A:
1-12
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident — even one that isn’t your fault — you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your control,
such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-26
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-28. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-25.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-13
5. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-14
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-15
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt
is buckled in the wrong place like this.
In a crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at the pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries. Always buckle your
belt into the buckle nearest you.
A:
1-16
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear
the shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash,
your body would move too far forward, which
would increase the chance of head and neck
injury. Also, the belt would apply too much
force to the ribs, which aren’t as strong as
shoulder bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm.
It should be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-17
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full
width of the belt to spread impact forces.
If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can
work properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
1-18
The belt is twisted across the body.
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of
the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-19
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-13.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt — except for one
thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out
all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all
the way and start again.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
1-20
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seating positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here’s how to wear one properly.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way,
it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and
start again. If the belt is not long enough, see
Safety Belt Extender on page 1-25.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder part.
1-21
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of
the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
1-22
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
for Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides provide added safety
belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When attached to a
shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions the
belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each of the rear outside
passenger positions. Here’s how to attach the comfort
guide to the shoulder belt.
1. Slide the guide off of its storage clip located
between the interior body and the seatback.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-23
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt and insert the two edges of the
belt into the slots of the guide.
1-24
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the
guide on top.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten,
your dealer will order you an extender. It’s free.
When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat
you will wear, so the extender will be long enough
for you. The extender will be just for you, and just
for the seat in your vehicle that you choose.
Don’t let someone else use it, and use it only for
the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-20.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Slide the guide back on its storage clip located
between the interior body and the seatback.
1-25
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint
a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap
belt should fit snugly below the hips, just touching
the top of the thighs. It should never be worn
over the abdomen, which could cause severe
even fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-26
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but is so small that the shoulder belt is very
close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
If the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would have
the restraint that the belts provide.
If the child is sitting in the rear seat outside position,
see Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults on page 1-23.
1-27
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
1-28
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much — until a crash. During a crash a baby
will become so heavy it is not possible to
hold it. For example, in a crash at only
25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will
suddenly become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
a person’s arms. A baby should be secured
in an appropriate restraint.
1-29
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer outstanding protection for adults
and older children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt
system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide.
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A:
1-30
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height, and age but also whether or not the
restraint will be compatible with the motor vehicle
in which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant
in a rear-facing seat settles into the restraint,
so the crash forces can be distributed across
the strongest part of an infant’s body, the back
and shoulders. Infants always should be
secured in appropriate infant restraints.
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash,
the belt would apply force on a body area that’s
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
1-31
Child Restraint Systems
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
1-32
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner,
and some high-back booster seats have a five-point
harness. A booster seat can also help a child to see
out the window.
1-33
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-34
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is,
it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system or
the LATCH system in your vehicle, but the child also
has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the
chance of personal injury. When securing an add-on
child restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not available,
obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
We, therefore, recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear outside seat position including an
infant riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding
in a forward-facing child seat and an older child riding
in a booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint
in the front passenger seat. Here is why:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, always move the front
passenger seat as far back as it will go.
It is better to secure the child restraint in a
rear seat outside position.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in a rear seat outside position.
CAUTION:
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle – even when no
child is in it.
(Continued)
1-35
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap
being anchored. Others require the top strap always
to be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires that
the top strap be anchored, do not use the restraint
unless it is anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a
kit is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
1-36
Top Strap Anchor Location
{CAUTION:
Each top tether bracket is designed to anchor
only one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single bracket could
cause the anchor to come loose or even break
during a crash. A child or others could be
injured if this happens. To help prevent injury
to people and damage to your vehicle, attach
only one child restraint per bracket.
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed.
Raise the head restraint and route the top strap under
it. See Head Restraints on page 1-5.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you will be
ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
Anchor brackets for the rear seat positions are located on
the floor in the cargo area of your vehicle. Do not use the
rear tie-down brackets near the liftgate for top strap
tethers. Do not use a child restraint with a top strap in the
right front passenger’s position because there is no place
to anchor the top strap.
1-37
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You’ll find
anchors (A) in the rear outside seat positions.
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors (A,B) and child restraint
attachments to secure the restraints. Some restraints
also use another vehicle anchor to secure a top tether
strap (C).
1-38
The labels are located near the base of the rear outside
seat positions.
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint will not be
able to protect the child correctly. In a crash,
the child could be seriously injured or killed.
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint, following the instructions that came
with that restraint, and also the instructions
in this manual.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint designed for that system.
To assist you in locating
the lower anchors for this
child restraint system,
each seating position with
the LATCH system has a
label on the seatback at
each lower anchor position.
1-39
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
1. Find the LATCH anchorages for the seating
position you want to use, where the bottom of
the seatback meets the back of the seat cushion.
See Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-38.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach and tighten the LATCH attachments on the
child restraint to the LATCH anchorages in the
vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchorage.
The child restraint instructions will show you
how. Also see Top Strap on page 1-36.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
tether from the top tether anchorage and then
disconnect the LATCH attachments from the LATCH
anchorages.
1-40
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system,
see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children
(LATCH System) on page 1-38. See Top Strap on
page 1-36 if the child restraint has one.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the child
restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
1-41
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Seat Position
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor. If you are using a forward-facing
child restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint as you
tighten the belt.
Many child restraints are too wide to be correctly secured
in the center rear seat, although some of them will fit
there. If the center seat position is too narrow for your
child restraint, secure it in a rear outside seat position.
If you secure a child restraint in the center seat position,
follow the instructions in Securing a Child Restraint in
a Rear Outside Seat Position on page 1-40.
1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint
in a rear seat.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-38. See Top Strap
on page 1-36 if the child restraint has one.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag.
Never put a rear facing child restraint in this seat.
Here is why:
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facing
child restraint. If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat, you will be using the
lap-shoulder belt to secure the child restraint in this
position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with
the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
1-43
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-44
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air bag
systems.
Your vehicle has air bags – a frontal air bag for the driver
and another frontal air bag for the right front passenger.
Your vehicle may also have side impact air bags.
Side impact air bags are available for the driver and right
front passenger.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder belt
back into the retractor. You may find it helpful to
use your knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
If your vehicle has a side impact air bag for the driver
and/or the right front passenger, the words AIR BAG
will appear on the air bag covering on the side of
the seatback closest to the door.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
1-45
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you are not wearing your safety belt — even
if you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it. Air bags are designed to work
with safety belts but do not replace them.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag. But
these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to deploy only in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
crashes. They are not designed to inflate
inrollover, rear or low-speed frontal crashes,
or in many side crashes. And, for some
unrestrained occupants, frontal air bags may
provide less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful air bags have provided in
the past.
CAUTION:
1-46
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
The side impact air bags for the driver and
right front passenger are designed to inflate
only in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the side of your vehicle.
They are not designed to inflate in frontal,
in rollover or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly — whether or not there is an
air bag for that person.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an
eye. If you’re too close to an inflating air bag,
as you would be if you were leaning forward,
it could seriously injure you. Safety belts
help keep you in position for air bag inflation
before and during a crash. Always wear
your safety belt, even with frontal air bags.
The driver should sit as far back as possible
while still maintaining control of the vehicle.
Front occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door.
1-47
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults, but
not for young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag
system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle. To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Older
Children” or “Infants and Young Children.”
1-48
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the air
bag symbol.
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-30
for more information.
Where Are the Air Bags?
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-49
If your vehicle has a driver’s side impact air bag it is
located in the side of the driver’s seatback closest to
the door.
1-50
If your vehicle has a right front passenger’s side impact
air bag it is located in the side of the passenger’s
seatback closest to the door.
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering. Don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.”
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air bags,
which adjust the amount of restraint according to
crash severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these
air bags inflate at a level less than full deployment.
For more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall
that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level for
the reduced deployment is about 12 to 16 mph
(19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full
deployment is about 16 to 25 mph (26 to 40 km/h).
The threshold level can vary, however, with specific
vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above or
below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or deform,
such as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher.
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear impacts,
or in many side impacts because inflation would not help
the occupant.
Your vehicle may or may not have a side impact air bag.
See Air Bag Systems in the Index. Side impact air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe side
crashes. A side impact air bag will inflate if the crash
severity is above the system’s designed “threshold level.”
The threshold level can vary with specific vehicle design.
Side impact air bags are not designed to inflate in frontal
or near-frontal impacts, rollovers or rear impacts,
because inflation would not help the occupant. A side
impact air bag will only deploy on the side of the vehicle
that is struck.
1-51
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
The air bag system is designed to work properly under
a wide range of conditions, including off-road usage.
Observe safe driving speeds, especially on rough
terrain. As always, wear your safety belt. See Operating
Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle Off Paved Roads on
page 4-16 for tips on off-road driving.
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, the air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules. Frontal air bag
modules are located inside the steering wheel and
instrument panel. For vehicles with side impact air bags,
the air bag modules are located in the seatback closest
to the driver’s and/or right front passenger’s door.
1-52
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel
or the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal air
bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and many side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Side impact air bags would not help you in
many types of collisions, including frontal or near frontal
collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward those air bags.
Air bags should never be regarded as anything more
than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for
vehicles with a driver’s and right front passenger’s side
impact air bag.
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module will
be hot for a short time. These components include
the steering wheel hub for the driver’s frontal air bag
and the instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
frontal air bag. For vehicles with side impact air
bags, the side of the seatback closest to the driver’s
and/or right front passenger’s door will be hot.
The parts of the bag that come into contact with you
may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will
be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent
the driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an air bag deployment,
you should seek medical attention.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically
unlock the doors and turn the interior lamps on when
the air bags inflate (if battery power is available).
You can lock the doors again and turn the interior lamps
off by using the door lock and interior lamp controls.
1-53
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
• Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with electronic frontal
sensors, which help the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. Your vehicle is also equipped
with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which
records information about the frontal air bag system.
The module records information about the readiness
of the system, when the system commands air bag
inflation and driver’s safety belt usage at deployment.
The module also records speed, engine rpm, brake
and throttle data.
1-54
• Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
service.
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the air bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag module
and seatback for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not open or
break the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service
manual have information about servicing your vehicle
and the air bag systems. To purchase a service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-12.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to
an air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the air
bag system. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-55
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if
worn during a more severe crash, then you need
new parts.
1-56
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-6
Doors and Locks .............................................2-8
Door Locks ....................................................2-8
Power Door Locks ..........................................2-9
Delayed Locking ...........................................2-10
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ..............................2-13
Lockout Protection ........................................2-13
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................2-13
Liftgate/Liftglass ............................................2-14
Windows ........................................................2-15
Power Windows ............................................2-16
Sun Visors ...................................................2-17
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-17
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................2-17
Passlock® ....................................................2-19
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-19
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-19
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-20
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-21
Adjustable Throttle and
Brake Pedal .............................................2-22
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-23
Automatic Transmission Operation ...................2-24
All-Wheel Drive ............................................2-26
Parking Brake ..............................................2-26
Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................2-27
Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................2-28
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-29
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-29
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked ...............................................2-30
Mirrors ...........................................................2-31
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
OnStar® and Compass ...............................2-31
Outside Power Mirror ....................................2-33
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-34
Outside Heated Mirrors ..................................2-34
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror with
Curb View Assist .......................................2-34
2-1
Section 2
Features and Controls
OnStar® System .............................................2-35
HomeLink® Transmitter ...................................2-36
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter .........2-37
Storage Areas ................................................2-40
Glove Box ...................................................2-40
Overhead Console ........................................2-40
Front Storage Area .......................................2-41
2-2
Luggage Carrier ...........................................2-42
Rear Floor Storage Lid ..................................2-43
Convenience Net ..........................................2-43
Cargo Cover ................................................2-44
Sunroof .........................................................2-45
Vehicle Personalization ...................................2-45
Memory Seat ...............................................2-45
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. They
could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move.
The children or others could be badly injured
or even killed. Do not leave the keys in a
vehicle with children.
2-3
This vehicle has one
double-sided key for the
ignition and door lock.
It will fit with either
side up.
The key code number tells your dealer or a qualified
locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep this number in
a safe place. If you lose your keys, you’ll be able to
have new ones made easily using this number.
Your selling dealer should also have this number.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, call the
GM Roadside Assistance Center. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 7-6.
When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer provides
the owner with a pair of identical keys and a key
code number.
2-4
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar® system with
an active subscription and you lock your keys inside
the vehicle, OnStar® may be able to send a command to
unlock your vehicle. See OnStar® System on page 2-35
for more information.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-6.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or
a qualified technician for service.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
With this system you can lock and unlock your doors
from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m) away
using the remote keyless entry transmitter supplied
with your vehicle.
K (Unlock):
When
you press unlock,
the driver’s door will
unlock automatically,
the parking lamps may
flash and the interior
lights will go on.
You can program different feedback settings through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). For more information
see Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-43.
2-6
Q (Lock):
Press lock to lock all the doors. Press lock
again within three seconds and the horn may chirp.
L (Panic): Press the horn symbol to make the horn
sound. The headlamps and taillamps will also flash
for up to 30 seconds. This can be turned off by pressing
the horn button again, or by waiting for 30 seconds,
or by starting the vehicle.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of
four transmitters matched to it.
Battery Replacement
To replace the battery in the remote keyless entry
transmitter do the following:
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about two years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
The Driver Information Center (DIC) will display a
RFA # BATTERY LOW message when the transmitter
battery is low.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not
to touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
1. Insert a thin coin in the slot between the covers of the
transmitter housing. Gently pry the transmitter apart.
2. Remove and replace the battery with a
three-volt CR2032 or equivalent battery,
positive (+) side down.
3. Align the covers and snap them together.
4. Check the operation of the transmitter.
2-7
Doors and Locks
CAUTION:
Door Locks
• Young children who get into unlocked
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked,
the handle will not open it. You increase
the chance of being thrown out of the
vehicle in a crash if the doors are not
locked. So, wear safety belts properly
and lock the doors whenever you drive.
CAUTION:
2-8
(Continued)
(Continued)
•
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
You can use the remote keyless entry transmitter or you
can use your key to unlock your door from the outside.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock
switches are located
on the driver’s and
front passenger’s
armrests.
You can lock or unlock the door from the inside by
sliding the manual lever forward or rearward.
Remove the ignition key and press the lock symbol
to lock all of the doors at once. To unlock the doors,
press the other side of the switch.
The manual lever on each door works only that
door’s lock.
2-9
Delayed Locking
Programming Delayed Locking
This feature delays the locking of the doors and the
liftgate when using the power lock or the remote keyless
entry system.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory,
the delayed locking feature was programmed on,
or enabled. The mode may have been changed since
it left the factory. To turn the delayed locking feature
on or off, do the following:
The first time you attempt to lock the doors with the
driver’s door open, three chimes will signal that delayed
locking is being used. This can be performed by
using either power lock switch or the remote keyless
entry transmitter. All doors and the liftgate can be
reopened for up to five seconds from the time the last
door is closed.
Five seconds after the last door is closed, all the doors
will lock. You can lock the doors immediately by using
the power door lock switch or by pressing the lock button
on the optional remote keyless entry transmitter a
second time.
If the key is inserted in the ignition, this feature will
not lock the doors. The lockout prevention feature will
operate instead.
You can enable or disable the delayed locking feature.
If the feature is disabled, the doors will lock immediately
when a power door lock switch or remote keyless
entry transmitter lock button is pressed.
2-10
1. Press and hold the power door lock switch on
the driver’s door in the lock position.
2. Press the remote keyless entry transmitter
unlock button twice.
If the delayed locking feature was on, it will now be off.
If the feature was off, it will now be on.
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
Your vehicle is equipped with an automatic lock/unlock
feature which enables you to program your vehicle’s
power door locks. You can program this feature through
the Driver Information Center (DIC), or by the following
method.
Programmable Locking Feature
The following is the list of available programming
options:
Mode 1: All doors lock when the transmission is
shifted into gear.
Mode 2: All doors lock when the vehicle speed is
greater than 8 mph (13 km/h).
Mode 3: No automatic door locking.
The automatic door locks were pre-programmed at
the factory to lock all the doors when the transmission
is shifted into gear. The following instructions detail
how to program your door locks differently than
the factory setting. Choose one of the three
programming options listed above before entering
the program mode.
To enter the program mode, do the following:
1. Begin with the ignition off. Then pull the turn
signal/multifunction lever toward you and hold
it there while you perform the next step.
2. Turn the key to RUN and LOCK twice. Then, with the
key in LOCK, release the turn signal/multifunction
lever. Once you do this, you will hear the lock switch
lock and unlock, the horn will chirp twice, and a
30 second program timer will begin.
3. You are now ready to program the automatic door
locks. Select one of the three programming options
listed above, and press the lock side of the power
door lock switch to cycle through the lock options.
You will have 30 seconds to begin programming.
If you exceed the 30 second limit, the locks will
automatically lock and unlock and the horn will chirp
twice to indicate that you have left the program
mode. If this occurs, repeat the procedure beginning
with Step 1 to re-enter the programming mode.
You can exit the program mode any time by turning the
ignition to RUN. The locks will automatically lock and
unlock and the horn will chirp twice to indicate that you
are leaving the program mode. If the lock/unlock switches
are not pressed while in the programming mode, the
current auto lock/unlock setting will not be modified.
See your dealer for more information.
2-11
Programmable Unlocking Feature
The following is the list of available programming
options:
Mode 1: Driver’s door unlocks when the transmission
is shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 2: All doors unlock when the transmission is
shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 3: All doors unlock when the key is removed
from the ignition.
Mode 4: No automatic door unlock.
The automatic door locks were pre-programmed at the
factory to unlock the driver’s door once the transmission
is shifted to PARK (P). The following instructions detail
how to program your door locks differently than the
factory setting. Choose one of the four programming
options listed above before entering the program mode.
To enter the program mode you need to do the
following:
1. Begin with the ignition off. Then pull the turn
signal/multifunction lever toward you and hold
it there while you perform the next step.
2-12
2. Turn the key to RUN and LOCK twice. Then, with the
key in LOCK, release the turn signal/multifunction
lever. Once you do this, you will hear the lock switch
lock and unlock, the horn will chirp twice, and a
30 second program timer will begin.
3. You are now ready to program the automatic door
locks. Select one of the four programming options
listed above, and press the unlock side of the
power door lock switch to cycle through the
unlocking options. You will have 30 seconds to
begin programming. If you exceed the 30 second
limit, the locks will automatically lock and unlock
and the horn will chirp twice to indicate that you
have left the program mode. If this occurs, repeat
the procedure beginning with Step 1 to re-enter
the programming mode.
You can exit the program mode any time by turning the
ignition to RUN. The locks will automatically lock and
unlock and the horn will chirp twice to indicate that you
are leaving the program mode. If the lock/unlock switches
are not pressed while in the programming mode, the
current auto lock/unlock setting will not be modified.
See your dealer for more information.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle may have this feature. You can lock the
rear doors so they can’t be opened from the inside by
passengers. To use one of these locks do the following:
1. Open one of the rear doors. You will find a security
lock lever located on the inside edge of each
rear door.
2. Move the lever down
to engage the safety
lock. Move the lever
up to disengage
the safety lock.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside while this feature is in use. If you want to open
the rear door while the security lock is on, unlock the
door and open the door from the outside.
Lockout Protection
This feature stops the power door locks from locking
when the key is in the ignition and a door is open
to protect you from locking your key in the vehicle.
If the power lock switch is pressed when a door is open
and the key is in the ignition, all the doors will lock
and then the driver’s door will unlock.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your key, open your
door and set the lock from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
3. Close the door.
2-13
Liftgate/Liftglass
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate or
liftglass open because carbon monoxide (CO)
gas can come into your vehicle. You can not
see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death. If you must
drive with the liftgate open or if electrical
wiring or other cable connections must pass
through the seal between the body and the
liftgate or liftglass:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System in the Index.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-29.
2-14
Liftgate Release
To unlock the liftgate, you may use the power door
locks or the keyless entry system described earlier.
On some vehicles the liftglass will also unlock when the
liftgate is unlocked. Press the pushbutton on the
liftglass to open it.
To open the entire liftgate, lift the handle located in the
center of the liftgate. If you open the liftgate, the
liftgate module will lock the liftglass after a one to two
second delay.
Emergency Release for Opening
Liftgate
1. Remove the trim plug to expose the access hole in
the trim panel. The access hole is located on the
inside of the liftgate.
2. Use a tool to reach through the access hole in the
trim panel.
3. Pry the left release lever up to the unlock position.
Pry the right release lever up to unlatch the liftgate.
4. Reattach the trim plug.
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat
and suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a
helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle,
especially with the windows closed in warm
or hot weather.
2-15
Power Windows
Press the top or bottom of the switch to raise or lower
the window. If you hold the switch down for three to
seven seconds after the window has been completely
lowered or raised, the window will not operate for about
15 seconds.
Express Down Window
The driver’s and front passenger’s window switches have
an express down feature that allows you to lower the
window without holding the switch down. Press down
briefly on the bottom of the driver’s window switch labeled
AUTO to activate the express-down feature. Lightly tap
the switch to open the window slightly. The express down
feature can be interrupted at any time by pressing the top
of the switch.
Window Lockout
The controls for the power windows are located on the
armrest on each of the side doors. With power windows,
the switches operate the windows when the ignition is in
RUN, ACCESSORY or when Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) is active. The driver’s door has a switch for each of
the passenger’s windows as well.
2-16
Your vehicle has a lockout feature to prevent passengers
from operating the power windows. The lockout switch is
located in front of the window switches. A light in the
lockout switch will come on to show that the switch has
been activated. Press the lockout switch again to return
to normal operation.
Sun Visors
Content Theft-Deterrent
To block out glare, you can pull the visor down. You
can also slide the visor along the rod from side-to-side
to cover the driver or passenger front window.
Your vehicle may
be equipped with a
content theft-deterrent
alarm system.
Visor Vanity Mirror
Pull the sun visor down to expose the vanity mirror.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Your vehicle may have this feature. Pull the sun visor
down and lift the mirror cover to turn on the lamps.
The lamps will turn off when the cover is closed.
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Here’s how to operate the system:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or
the remote keyless entry transmitter. The security
light should flash.
3. Close all doors. The security light should turn off
after approximately 30 seconds. The alarm is not
armed until the security light turns off.
If a locked door is opened without the key or the
remote keyless entry transmitter, the alarm will go off.
The headlamps and parking lamps will flash for two
minutes, and the horn will sound for 30 seconds,
then will turn off to save the battery power.
2-17
Remember, the theft-deterrent system won’t activate
if you lock the doors with a key or use the manual door
lock. It activates only if you use a power door lock
switch with the door open, or with the remote keyless
entry transmitter. You should also remember that
you can start your vehicle with the correct ignition key
if the alarm has been set off.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
• If you don’t want to activate the theft-deterrent
system, the vehicle should be locked with the
door key after the doors are closed.
• Always unlock a door with a key, or use the remote
keyless entry transmitter. Unlocking a door any
other way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door
with the key. You can also turn off the alarm by pressing
unlock on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any
other way.
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, lower the driver’s window
and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with the
power door lock switch while the door is open,
or with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
3. Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait
for the security light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the
door with the manual door lock and open the
door. This should set off the alarm.
When the alarm is set the power door unlock switch
is not operational.
If the alarm does not sound when it should but the
headlamps flash, check to see if the horn works.
The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse,
see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-103.
If the alarm does not sound or the headlamps do not
flash, the vehicle should be serviced by your dealer.
2-18
Passlock®
®
Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock
theft-deterrent system.
Passlock® is a passive theft-deterrent system that
enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with
a valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition
lock cylinder is tampered with, the fuel system is
disabled and the vehicle will not start.
During normal operation, the security light will turn off
approximately five seconds after the key is turned
to RUN.
If the engine stalls and the security light flashes, wait
about 10 minutes until the light stops flashing before
trying to restart the engine. Remember to release
the key from START as soon as the engine starts.
If the engine does not start after three tries, the vehicle
needs service.
If the engine is running and the security light comes on,
you will be able to restart the engine if you turn the engine
off. However, your Passlock® system is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by Passlock® at this time. You
may also want to check the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-103. See your dealer for service.
In an emergency, call the GM Roadside Assistance
Center. See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
• Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or less
for the first 500 miles (805 km).
• Do not drive at any one speed — fast or
slow — for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Do not make full-throttle starts.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new brake
linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops with new
linings can mean premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this breaking-in guideline
every time you get new brake linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing
a Trailer on page 4-53 for more information.
2-19
Ignition Positions
Notice: If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you
can not turn it, be sure you are using the correct
key; if so, is it all the way in? Turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break the
key or the ignition switch. If none of these works,
then your vehicle needs service.
B (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things
like the radio and the windshield wipers when
the engine is off.
Notice: Lengthy operation of features such as the
radio in the accessory ignition position may drain
the battery and prevent your vehicle from starting.
Do not operate your vehicle in the accessory ignition
position for a long period of time.
C (RUN): This is the position for driving.
Use the key to turn the ignition switch to four different
positions.
A (LOCK): This position locks the ignition and
transmission. It’s a theft-deterrent feature. You will only
be able to remove the key when the ignition is turned
to LOCK.
2-20
D (START): This position starts the engine.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Your vehicle is equipped with a Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) feature which will allow certain features of
your vehicle to continue to work up to 20 minutes
after the ignition key is turned to LOCK.
Your radio, power windows, sunroof (option) and
overhead console will work when the ignition key is in
RUN or ACCESSORY. Once the key is turned from
RUN to LOCK, these features will continue to work for
up to 20 minutes or until a door is opened.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position–that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START. When the engine starts,
let go of the key. The idle speed will go down
as your engine gets warm.
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your starter motor. Wait about 15 seconds
between each try to help avoid draining your
battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while you
hold the ignition key in START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and let up on the accelerator
pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.
2-21
When starting your engine in very cold weather
(below 0°F or −18°C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition key to START and hold it there up to
15 seconds. When the engine starts, let go of
the key.
2. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor and holding it there as you hold the key
in START for about three seconds. When the
engine starts, let go of the key and accelerator.
If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops again,
do the same thing, but this time keep the pedal
down for five or six seconds. This clears the
extra gasoline from the engine.
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal
If your vehicle has this feature, you can change the
position of the throttle and brake pedals. This feature is
designed for shorter drivers, since the pedals cannot
move farther away from the standard position, but can
move closer for better pedal reach. This feature can
be programmed to work with the memory function
(if equipped) on your vehicle. See Memory Seat
on page 2-45.
The vehicle must be in PARK (P) for this feature to
operate.
The toggle switch used
to adjust the pedals is
located on the steering
column.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
Press the switch towards you to move the pedals closer.
Press the switch away from you to move the pedals
away from you.
2-22
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may have this feature. In very cold weather,
0°F (-18°C) or colder, the engine coolant heater can help.
You’ll get easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up. Usually, the coolant heater should be
plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting your
vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of the
coolant heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The cord is located on the driver’s side of the
engine compartment, behind the battery.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-Volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature,
the kind of oil you have, and some other things.
Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that
you contact your dealer in the area where you’ll
be parking your vehicle. The dealer can give you the
best advice for that particular area.
2-23
Automatic Transmission Operation
There are several different positions for your gear
shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks the rear wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start the engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always
set your parking brake and move the shift
lever to PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P)
on page 2-27. If you are pulling a trailer,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-53.
2-24
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transmission
shift lock control system. You have to fully apply the
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition key is in RUN. If you cannot shift out of
PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever, press the
button on the shift lever and push the shift lever all
the way into PARK (P) as you maintain brake
application. Move the shift lever into the gear you wish.
See Shifting Out of Park (P) on page 2-28.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see If
You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page 4-44.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, the engine doesn’t
connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already
moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine
is running at high speed is dangerous.
Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal,
your vehicle could move very rapidly.
You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Do not shift into a drive gear while
your engine is running at high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine running at high speed may damage
the transmission. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Be sure the engine is not running
at high speed when shifting your vehicle.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving.
If you need more power for passing, and you’re:
• Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h),
push the accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more,
push the accelerator all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
DRIVE (D) can be used when towing a trailer, carrying a
heavy load, driving on steep hills or for off-road driving.
You may want to shift the transmission to THIRD (3) or,
if necessary, a lower gear selection if the transmission
shifts too often.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving.
However, it offers more power and lower fuel economy
than DRIVE (D).
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy than THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as
you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would
also want to use the brakes off and on.
You can also use SECOND (2) for starting the vehicle
from a stop on slippery road surfaces.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use
it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the gear
shift lever is put in FIRST (1) while the vehicle is moving
forward, the transmission won’t shift into first gear until
the vehicle is going slowly enough.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle
in one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transmission. If you are
stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
2-25
All-Wheel Drive
Your vehicle may have this feature. There is no lever or
switch to engage or disengage the front axle. It is fully
automatic and adjusts as needed for road conditions.
Your vehicle has an active transfer case allowing
two-wheel-drive operation on dry roads. The transfer
case will shift automatically into all-wheel drive on
slippery surfaces. You may feel an extra shift when
the all-wheel drive engages.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your foot and pull up on the parking brake
lever located on the center console. If the ignition
is on, the brake system warning light will come on.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the parking brake lever up until you can
press in the button at the end of the lever. Hold the button
in as you move the parking brake lever all the way down.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and you must park on a hill,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-53. That section
shows what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
2-26
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow. If you are pulling a
trailer, see Towing a Trailer on page 4-53.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your foot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever
into PARK (P)
like this:
• Press and hold in the
button on the lever.
• Push the lever all the
way toward the front
of the vehicle.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the key, your vehicle is
in PARK (P).
2-27
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running,
be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your parking
brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you’ve moved
the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal
down. Then, see if you can move the shift lever away
from PARK (P) without first pressing the button on the
console shift lever. If you can, it means that the shift lever
wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-28
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in the
transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever
out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To prevent
torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift into
PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s seat.
To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-27.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission,
so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply the regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in RUN. See Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 2-24.
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can not see
or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and
death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
over high points on the road or over
road debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system had
been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down
to blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-29
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-29.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 4-40.
2-30
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always
set your parking brake and move the shift
lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will
not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-27.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 4-53.
Mirrors
Mirror Operation
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar® and Compass
When turned on, this mirror automatically dims to the
proper level to minimize glare from any headlamps
behind you after dark.
O(On/Off): This is the on/off button for the automatic
dimming feature and compass. Press the far left button,
located below the the mirror face, for up to three
seconds to turn the feature on and off. A light on the
mirror will be lit while the feature is turned on.
Compass Operation
Your vehicle has an automatic-dimming rearview mirror
with a compass and the OnStar® system.
®
There are three additional buttons for the OnStar
system. See your dealer for more information on the
system and how to subscribe to OnStar®. See OnStar®
System on page 2-35 for more information about the
services OnStar® provides.
Press the on/off button once to turn the compass
on or off.
There is a compass display in the window in the upper
right corner of the mirror face. The compass displays
a maximum of two characters. For example, “NE” is
displayed for north-east.
2-31
Compass Calibration
Press and hold the on/off button down for nine seconds
to activate the compass calibration mode. CAL will
be displayed in the compass window on the mirror.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the vehicle
in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display
reads a direction.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between earth’s
magnetic north and true geographic north. The mirror is
set to zone eight upon leaving the factory. It will be
necessary to adjust the compass to compensate for
compass variance if you live outside zone eight. Under
certain circumstances, such as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. If not adjusted to account for compass
variance, your compass could give false readings.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the map.
2-32
2. Press and hold the on/off button for six seconds.
Release the button when ZONE is displayed.
The number shown is the current zone number.
3. Scroll through the zone numbers that appear in
the compass/temperature window on the mirror
by pressing the on/off button. Once you find your
zone number, release the button. After about
four seconds, the mirror will return to the compass
display, and the new zone number will be set.
Outside Power Mirror
The control is located
on the driver’s door.
If you reach the mirror’s end of the travel position in
any direction, the mirror will enter a ratcheting mode.
This action is harmless. It is a warning that the
mirror can go no further. To stop this action, back the
mirror up by moving the control in the opposite direction.
When the control is turned to the center position,
the mirror can not be moved with the control knob.
Fold the mirror in manually before entering a car
wash. To do this, pull the mirror in toward the vehicle.
Push the mirror back out when finished.
1. Turn the knob toward the mirror you desire
to adjust.
2. Move the control in the direction you want the
mirror to go.
3. Adjust the mirror in all four directions. Adjust it
so you can see some of the side of your vehicle
and the area behind your vehicle.
4. After you are satisfied with the position of the mirror,
turn the control to the center position or turn it to the
other mirror to adjust that mirror.
2-33
Outside Convex Mirror
A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see
more from the driver’s seat.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right or left lane,
you could hit a vehicle. Check your inside
mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Outside Heated Mirrors
Your vehicle may have this feature.
When you operate the rear window defogger, a defogger
also warms the heated driver’s and passenger’s
outside rearview mirrors to help clear them of ice,
snow and condensation.
2-34
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror
with Curb View Assist
The driver’s and/or passenger’s outside mirror will
adjust to a preset tilt position while the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R) gear. Curb view assist may be useful
when you are parallel parking. The mirror(s) will return
to normal position when the vehicle is shifted out of
REVERSE (R) gear. Automatic mirror movement
in either direction will follow a short delay.
To change the tilt position, adjust the mirror while the
vehicle is in REVERSE (R) gear with the engine running,
the parking brake engaged and the brake pedal
pressed. The new position will be saved into memory
once the vehicle is shifted out of REVERSE (R).
You may be able to enable/disable this feature
through the Driver Information Center (DIC). See “Mirror
Curb View Assist” under DIC Operation and Displays
on page 3-43.
OnStar® System
OnStar® Services
One of the following plans is normally included for
a specific duration with each vehicle equipped with
OnStar®. You can upgrade or extend your OnStar®
service plan to meet your needs.
Your vehicle may have this feature. OnStar® uses
global positioning system (GPS) satellite technology,
wireless communications, and state of the art call
centers to provide you with a wide range of safety,
security, information and convenience services.
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your OnStar®-equipped
vehicle’s glove box literature. For more information, visit
www.onstar.com, contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827), or press the blue OnStar® button
to speak to an OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day,
7 days a week.
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of OnStar® services and prepaid calling
minutes are also required for OnStar® Personal Calling
and OnStar® Virtual Advisor use. Terms and conditions
of the Subscription Service Agreement can be found
at www.onstar.com.
Safe and Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan services
• Route Support
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
2-35
Luxury and Leisure Plan
• All Directions and Connections Plan services
• Personal Concierge
HomeLink® Transmitter
OnStar® Personal Calling
With OnStar® Personal Calling, you have a safer way to
stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free wireless
phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You can place
calls nationwide using voice-activated dialing with no
contracts and no additional roaming charges. To find
out more about OnStar® Personal Calling, refer to
the OnStar® owner’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box,
or call OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
®
OnStar Virtual Advisor
With OnStar® Virtual Advisor you can listen to your
favorite news, entertainment and information topics,
such as traffic and weather reports, stock quotes
and sports scores. You listen to your e-mail through
your vehicle’s speakers, and reply with your hands
on the wheel and your eyes on the road.
2-36
HomeLink®, a combined universal transmitter and
receiver, provides a way to replace up to three
hand−held transmitters used to activate devices such
as gate operators, garage door openers, entry door
locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional
HomeLink® information can be found on the internet
at www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
If your vehicle is equipped with the HomeLink®
Transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS- 210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization
to use this equipment.
Programming the HomeLink®
Transmitter
Do not use the HomeLink® Transmitter with any garage
door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse”
feature. This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer
garage door opener with rolling codes, please be
sure to follow steps 6 through 8 to complete the
programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of
the steps involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as
well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle, the
programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased for
security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink® Buttons”
or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the internet
at: www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door or gate operator you are programming. When
programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside
of the garage.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio frequency.
Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while
programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to
program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons,
releasing only when the indicator light begins to
flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the
buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not
repeat this step to program a second and/or
third transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink®
buttons.
2-37
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter about
1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink®
buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the desired
button on HomeLink® and the hand-held transmitter
button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers may
require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedure
noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming” later in this section.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then
rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the
frequency signal from the hand-held transmitter.
Release both buttons.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained HomeLink® button
and observe the indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device should
activate when the HomeLink® button is pressed
and released.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the
programmed channels.
2-38
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds
and then turns to a constant light, continue with
Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the
programming of a rolling-code equipped device
(most commonly, a garage door opener).
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where
the hanging antenna wire is attached to the
motor-head unit.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart”
button. The name and color of the button may
vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds,
then release. Repeat the press/hold/release
sequence a second time, and depending on the
brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling
code device), repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
HomeLink® should now activate your rolling-code
equipped device.
To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons,
begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.”
Do not repeat Step 1.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds of
transmission. This may not be long enough for
HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming.
Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured
to “time out” in the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator by using the “Programming
HomeLink®” procedures (regardless of where you live),
replace Step 3 under “Programming HomeLink®” with
the following:
Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button while
you press and release every two seconds (cycle) your
hand-held transmitter until the frequency signal has been
successfully accepted by HomeLink®. The indicator light
will flash slowly at first and then rapidly. Proceed with
Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink®” to complete.
Using HomeLink®
Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button for
at least half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons
To erase programming from the three buttons do the
following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons until
the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer than
30 seconds.
HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and
can be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2
under “Programming HomeLink®.”
Individual buttons can not be erased, but they can
be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single
HomeLink® Button” next.
2-39
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®
Button
Storage Areas
To program a device to HomeLink® using a HomeLink®
button previously trained, follow these steps:
Glove Box
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button.
Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®
button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming
HomeLink®.”
Resetting Defaults
To reset HomeLink® to default settings do the following:
1. Hold down the two outside buttons for about
20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.
2. Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink®
indicator light turns off.
3. Release both buttons.
For questions or comments, contact HomeLink®
at 1-800-355-3515, or on the internet
at www.homelink.com.
2-40
To open your glove box, pull the handle on the front
of the glove box and lower the door.
Overhead Console
The overhead console
includes sunglasses
storage, a HomeLink®
transmitter and a
Travel Note recorder.
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
To open the sunglasses storage compartment in the
overhead console, press the release button. Then pull
the compartment down.
Travel Note Recorder
w (Play): To play a recorded message, press this
button. Pressing the button more than once will return
you to previously recorded messages. If you press
and hold this button for more than one second, all of
the recorded messages will be played back.
c (Stop):
To delete messages, press this button
while the message is playing. If you press and hold the
play and record buttons at the same time for a half
of a second, all of the messages will be deleted.
Front Storage Area
Lift the armrest cover of the console compartment to
reveal a coinholder and additional storage.
O (Record):
To record a message, press this button
and begin speaking. Press the button again to stop
recording. You may also press and hold this button while
you are speaking and then let it go when you are finished.
2-41
Luggage Carrier
{CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier — like paneling, plywood, a mattress and
so forth — the wind can catch it as you drive
along. This can cause you to lose control.
What you are carrying could be violently torn
off, and this could cause you or other drivers to
have a collision, and of course damage your
vehicle. You may be able to carry something like
this inside. But, never carry something longer
or wider than the luggage carrier on top of
your vehicle.
A luggage carrier allows you to load things on top of
your vehicle. The luggage carrier has side rails attached
to the roof, sliding crossrails (if equipped) and places
to use for tying things down. These let you load
some other things on top of your vehicle, as long as
they are not wider or longer than the luggage carrier.
2-42
To slide the crossrails to where you want them, pull up
on the lever on each side of the crossrail. This will
release the crossrail and allow you to slide it. When the
crossrail is where you want it, press down on the
levers to lock it into place.
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier that
weighs more than 220 lbs (100 kg) or hangs over
the rear or sides of the vehicle may damage
your vehicle. Load cargo so that it rests on the
slats as far forward as possible and against the
side rails, making sure to fasten it securely.
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-46.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier
is locked and cargo is still securely fastened.
When the luggage carrier is not in use, place the
crossrails at the following positions for wind noise
reduction. Place one crossrail at the rear most point of
the vehicle and the other crossrail above the opening
of the rear door.
Rear Floor Storage Lid
{CAUTION:
If any removable convenience item is not
secured properly, it can move around in a
collision or sudden stop. People in the
vehicle could be injured. Be sure to secure
any such item properly.
Your vehicle has a rear cargo area with a removeable
storage lid.
Convenience Net
Your vehicle may have this feature. A convenience net
in the rear of your vehicle helps keep small items in
place during sharp turns or quick stops and starts.
The net is not designed to retain these items during
off-road use. The net is not for larger, heavier items.
To use the convenience net, do the following:
1. Attach the upper loops to the retainers on both
sides of the liftgate opening. The label should be
in the upper passenger’s side corner, visible
from the rear of the vehicle.
2. Attach the lower hooks to the rear cargo tie downs
on the floor.
To remove the rear floor storage lid, do the following:
1. Press the latch release and lift up the latch handle.
2. Raise the lid slightly to unhook it.
3. Pull the lid toward you to release it from the forward
mounting tabs.
To reinstall the rear floor storage lid, reverse the
previous steps. Make sure the lid is secure by applying
slight pressure to the latch until you hear it click.
2-43
Cargo Cover
If your vehicle has a cargo cover, you can use it to
cover items in the cargo area of your vehicle.
To install the cargo cover, do the following:
1. Align the endcap with the pocket in the trim panel
located behind the rear seat.
2. Compress the opposite endcap, align it with the
pocket located on the opposite side of the trim
panel and release.
3. Grasp the handle and unroll the cover. Latch the
posts into the sockets on the inside of the vehicle
to secure it.
To remove the cargo cover, do the following:
1. Release the cover from the latch posts and carefully
roll it back up.
2. Compress one endcap and remove it from the
pocket in the trim panel.
3. Remove the cargo cover from the other endcap so
that you can remove the shade from the vehicle.
2-44
{CAUTION:
An improperly stored cargo cover could be
thrown about the vehicle during a collision or
sudden maneuver. You or others could be
injured. If you remove the cover, always store it
in the proper storage location. When you put it
back, always be sure that it is securely
reattached.
Cargo Tie Downs
There are cargo tie
downs in the rear of
your vehicle that allow
you to strap cargo in
and keep it from
moving.
Sunroof
Your vehicle may be equipped with a power sliding
sunroof. To open or close your sunroof, the ignition
must be on or Retained Accessory Power (RAP) must
be active.
Press and release the back of the button in the overhead
console to open the sunroof. Press the front of the
button to close the sunroof. Once the sunroof is closed,
press the forward side of the button to open the
sunroof to the vent position.
The sunroof is also equipped with a sunshade which
you can pull forward to block sun rays.
Vehicle Personalization
Memory Seat
The memory seat controls
are located on the driver’s
door, and are used to
program and recall
memory settings for the
driver’s seating positions,
outside mirror positions
and adjustable pedals
(if equipped).
Adjust the driver’s seat, including the seatback recliner
and lumbar, both of the outside mirrors, and the
adjustable pedals to the desired position. Then press
and hold button 1 (for driver 1) for three seconds.
A double chime will sound to let you know that the
position has been stored.
2-45
A second mirror position, seating position and adjustable
pedal position can be programmed by repeating the
procedure with a second driver and pressing button 2 for
three seconds. Each time button 1 or 2 is pressed and
released while the vehicle is in PARK (P), a single chime
will sound, and the memory position will be recalled.
If you use the unlock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter to enter your vehicle, the preset driver’s
seat, mirror positions and adjustable pedal position will
be recalled if programmed to do so through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). The numbers on the
back of the transmitters, 1 or 2, correspond to the
numbers on the memory controls.
The seat positions, mirror positions and adjustable
pedal positions can also be recalled by placing the key
in the ignition if programmed to do so through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC Operation
and Displays on page 3-43.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at
any time, press one of the power seat controls or
memory buttons.
2-46
Two personalized exit positions can be set by first
recalling the driver’s position by pressing 1 or 2, then
positioning the seat in the desired exit position for that
driver. Press and hold the button with the exit symbol for
three seconds. A double chime will sound to let you know
that the position has been stored. With the vehicle in
PARK (P), the exit position for that driver can be recalled
by pressing the exit button. The mirrors, power lumbar,
recline and adjustable pedal positions will not be stored
or recalled for the exit positions. If no exit position is
stored, the default is all the way rearward.
Further programming for automatic seat and mirror
movement can be done through the Driver Information
Center (DIC). You may choose to either select or
not select the following:
• Automatic seat, mirror movement and pedal
position when the vehicle is unlocked with the
remote keyless entry
• automatic seat, mirror movement and pedal position
when a key is placed in the ignition
• automatic seat movement to the exit position when
the vehicle is in PARK (P)
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-6
Horn .............................................................3-7
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-7
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-14
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-17
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-19
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................3-19
Climate Controls ............................................3-20
Dual Automatic Climate Control System ...........3-20
Rear Climate Control System .........................3-25
Climate Controls Personalization .....................3-26
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............3-27
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-28
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-29
Tachometer .................................................3-29
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-30
Air Bag Readiness Light ................................3-30
Charging System Light ..................................3-31
Voltmeter Gage ............................................3-32
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-32
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light ...........................................3-34
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-34
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-35
Oil Pressure Gage ........................................3-38
Change Engine Oil Light ................................3-39
Security Light ...............................................3-40
Cruise Control Light ......................................3-40
Reduced Engine Power Light .........................3-40
Service All-Wheel Drive Light .........................3-41
Check Gages Warning Light ...........................3-41
Gate Ajar Light .............................................3-41
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-42
Low Fuel Warning Light .................................3-42
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-43
DIC Operation and Displays ...........................3-43
DIC Warnings and Messages .........................3-52
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Audio System(s) .............................................3-56
Setting the Time ...........................................3-56
Radio with CD ..............................................3-57
Radio with Cassette and CD ..........................3-68
Radio with Six-Disc CD .................................3-84
Navigation/Radio System ...............................3-99
Rear Seat Entertainment System ....................3-99
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ................................3-111
Radio Personalization ..................................3-112
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(RDS Radios) ..........................................3-112
3-2
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................3-113
DVD Distortion ............................................3-114
Radio Reception .........................................3-114
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ...............3-114
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ........................3-115
Care of Your CD and DVD Player .................3-116
Cleaning the Video Screen ...........................3-116
Fixed Mast Antenna ....................................3-116
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System
(48 Contiguous US States) ........................3-116
Chime Level Adjustment ...............................3-116
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of your instrument panel
are the following:
A. Exterior Lamp Controls.
See Exterior Lamps on page 3-14.
B. Air Outlets. See “Outlet Adjustment”
under Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 3-20.
C. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever.
See Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
on page 3-7.
D. OnStar and Audio Steering Wheel Controls.
See Audio Steering Wheel Controls
on page 3-113.
E. Instrument Panel Cluster.
See Instrument Panel Cluster
on page 3-28.
F. Audio Steering Wheel Controls.
See Audio Steering Wheel Controls
on page 3-113.
G. Ignition Switch.
See Ignition Positions
on page 2-20.
H. Audio System.
See Audio System(s)
on page 3-56.
I. Climate Controls.
See Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 3-20.
J. Hood Release.
See Hood Release on page 5-12.
K. Driver Information Center (DIC)
Steering Wheel Controls.
See Driver Information Center (DIC)
on page 3-43.
L. Rear Window Washer/Wiper.
See “Rear Window Washer/Wiper”
under Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
on page 3-7.
M. Lighter.
See Ashtrays and Cigarette
Lighter on page 3-19.
N. Accessory Power Outlet.
See Accessory Power Outlets
on page 3-19.
O. Rear Window Defogger.
See “Rear Window Defogger” under
Dual Automatic Climate Control
System on page 3-20.
P. Glove Box.
See Glove Box on page 2-40.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
The button for the
hazard warning flashers
is located on top of
the steering column.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button all the way down to make your front
and rear turn signal lamps flash on and off. To turn
off the flashers, press the button again until it clicks
and then release it.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others.
They also let police know you have a problem. Your
front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn
signals won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
3-6
Horn
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
To sound the horn, press the horn symbols on the
steering wheel pad.
Tilt Wheel
You should adjust the
steering wheel before
you drive. The tilt lever
is located to the left of
the steering column,
under the turn signal
lever.
You can raise it to the highest level to give your legs
more room when you enter and exit the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever toward you. Move the steering wheel to a
comfortable level, then release the lever to lock the
wheel in place.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
G: Turn and Lane Change Signals
2: Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass Feature
N: Windshield Wipers
J: Windshield Washer
I: Cruise Control (If Equipped)
Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving.
3-7
Turn and Lane Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows flash
more quickly than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal
a turn, check the fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 5-103 and check for burned-out bulbs.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring
for the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasher
is used. With this flasher installed, the signal indicator
will flash even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check
the front and rear turn signal lamps regularly to make
sure they are working.
Turn Signal On Chime
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until
the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete
your lane change. The lever will return by itself when you
release it. The bottom of the outside rearview mirrors may
also be equipped with lane change indicators.
3-8
If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile
(1.2 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the
turn signal. To turn off the chime, move the turn signal
lever to the off position.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Windshield Wipers
To change the headlamps from low to high beam,
push the lever toward the instrument panel. To return
to low-beam headlamps, pull the multifunction lever
toward you. Then release it.
8 (Mist):
When the high beams
are on, this indicator light
on the instrument panel
cluster will also be on.
For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to
mist. Hold it there until the wipers start. Then let go.
The wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want
more wipes, hold the band on mist longer.
9 (Off):
To stop the wipers, move the band to off.
N (Windshield Wipers):
Turn the band to control
the windshield wipers.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain
or snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time.
The closer to the top of the lever, the shorter the delay.
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps
to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.
It works even if your headlamps are in the automatic
position.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you,
then release it.
If your headlamps are in the automatic position or on low
beam, your high-beam headlamps will turn on. They’ll
stay on as long as you hold the lever toward you. The
high-beam indicator on the instrument panel cluster will
come on. Release the lever to return to normal operation.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away
from you to the first solid band past the delay settings.
For high-speed wiping, turn the band further, to the
second solid band past the delay settings. To stop the
wipers, move the band to off.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
worn or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
3-9
Windshield Washer
L(Windshield Washer):
To spray washer fluid on
the windshield, press the windshield washer paddle.
The wipers will clear the window and then either stop
or return to your preset speed.
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
Rear Window Washer/Wiper
This control is located
to the right of the
steering wheel on the
instrument panel.
3-10
To turn the rear wiper on, turn the control to either 1, 2,
or 3. For delayed wiping, turn the control to 1 or 2.
For steady wiping, turn the control to 3. To turn the
wiper off, turn the control to 0.
To wash the rear window, press the washer symbol
located in the center of the control.
The rear window washer uses the same fluid bottle as
the windshield washer. However, the rear window
washer will run out of fluid before the windshield washer.
If you can wash your windshield but not your rear
window, check the fluid level.
Cruise Control
The cruise controls are
located on the end of the
turn signal/multifunction
lever.
R(On):
Move the switch to this position to turn the
cruise control system on.
S(Resume/Accelerate): Move the switch to this
position to resume a set speed or to accelerate.
T(Set):
Press this button, located at the end of the
lever, to set a speed.
9(Off): This position turns the cruise control system
off and cancels memory of a set speed.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long
trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will shut off.
{CAUTION:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery
roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire
traction can cause needless wheel spinning,
and you could lose control. Do not use cruise
control on slippery roads.
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
can not drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use your cruise control on winding roads
or in heavy traffic.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
3-11
Setting Cruise Control
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
1. Move the cruise control switch to on.
3. Press the set button at the end of the lever
and release it.
If you hold the switch at resume/accelerate, the vehicle
will keep going faster until you release the switch or
apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster,
don’t hold the switch at resume/accelerate.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
The accelerator pedal will not go down.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
2. Get up to the speed you want.
The cruise light on the
instrument panel cluster
will come on when
the cruise control is
engaged.
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the button at the end of the lever,
then release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
• Move the cruise switch from on to
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts
off the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch briefly from on
to resume/accelerate.
3-12
resume/accelerate. Hold it there until you get up to
the speed you want, and then release the switch.
To increase your speed in very small amounts,
move the switch briefly to resume/accelerate.
Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
Press the set button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press
the set button. Each time you do this, you’ll go about
1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the
hills. When going up steep hills, you may want to
step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
When going downhill, you may have to brake or
shift to a lower gear to keep your speed down.
Of course, applying the brake takes you out of cruise
control. Many drivers find this to be too much
trouble and don’t use cruise control on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are three ways to turn off the cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal.
• Move the cruise switch to off, or
• Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N).
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
3-13
Exterior Lamps
Your exterior lamps
knob is located on your
instrument panel to the
left of the steering wheel.
i (Automatic DRL/AHS): Turning the knob to this
symbol puts the system into automatic headlamp mode.
An indicator will illuminate when the position is selected.
; (Parking Lamps): Turn the knob to this symbol to
manually turn on the following:
•
•
•
•
•
c(Off):
Turn the knob to this symbol and release
it to turn off the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) and
the automatic headlamps. An indicator will illuminate
when the position is selected. This position is not
available for vehicles first sold in Canada.
3-14
Parking Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Taillamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
2(Headlamps):
Turn the knob to this symbol to turn
on all the lamps listed as well as the headlamps.
Automatic Headlamp System
When it is dark enough outside, your Automatic
Headlamp System will turn on your headlamps at the
normal brightness along with other lamps such as
the taillamps, sidemarker, parking lamps and the
instrument panel lights. The radio lights will also be on.
Your vehicle is equipped with a light sensor on the
top of the instrument panel. Be sure it is not covered or
the system will be on whenever the ignition is on.
The system may also turn on your lights when driving
through a parking garage, heavy overcast weather
or a tunnel. This is normal.
There is a delay in the transition between the daytime
and nighttime operation of the Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp systems,
so that driving under bridges or bright overhead street
lights does not affect the system. The DRL and
automatic headlamp system will only be affected when
the light sensor sees a change in lighting lasting
longer than the delay.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the automatic
headlamp system will come on immediately. Once
you leave the garage, it will take about one minute for
the automatic headlamp system to change to DRL if it is
light outside. During that delay, your instrument panel
cluster may not be as bright as usual. Make sure
your instrument panel brightness control is in the full
bright position.
To idle your vehicle with the automatic headlamp system
off, set the parking brake while the ignition is off. Then
start your vehicle. The automatic headlamp system will
stay off until you release the parking brake, shift out of
park or turn the exterior lamp control to the off position as
described in “Exterior Lamps” listed previously.
Lamps On Reminder
A reminder tone will sound when your headlamps or
parking lamps are manually turned on, the driver’s door
is open and your ignition is in LOCK or ACCESSORY.
To turn the tone off, turn the knob all the way
counterclockwise. In the automatic mode, the headlamps
turn off once the ignition key is in LOCK.
3-15
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Fog Lamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
Use your fog lamps for better vision in foggy or misty
conditions. Your ignition must be in RUN for your
fog lamps to work.
The DRL system will make your headlamps come on
at reduced brightness when the following conditions
are met:
The fog lamp button is
located on the instrument
panel to the right of
the exterior lamps knob.
• The ignition is on
• the exterior lamps knob is in automatic
headlamp mode
• the light sensor detects daytime light
• the transmission is not in PARK (P)
When the DRL are on, only your headlamps will be on.
The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be
on. The instrument panel won’t be lit up either.
When it begins to get dark, the headlamps will
automatically switch from DRL to the regular headlamps.
3-16
Press the button to turn the fog lamps on. Press the
button again to turn them off. A light will glow near the
button while the fog lamps are on. Fog lamps will
turn off whenever your high-beam headlamps are on.
Dome Lamp Override
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness
Press the knob
located next to the
exterior lamps knob
to extend it.
Turn the knob to adjust the instrument panel lights.
Turn the knob all the way up to turn on the interior
lamps. Press the knob back into its stored position
when you’re not using it.
The dome override
button is located
below the exterior
lamps knob.
To turn the dome lamps off, press the button. The dome
lamps will remain off when a door is open. This will
override the illuminated entry feature unless you
use your keyless entry transmitter to unlock the vehicle.
To return the lamps to automatic operation, press the
button again. The dome lamps will come on when
you open a door.
3-17
Entry Lighting
Dome Lamps
Your vehicle is equipped with entry lighting.
When a door is opened, the dome lamps will come on
if the dome override button is in the “out” position.
When all the doors are closed, the lamps will stay on for
a short period of time and will then turn off automatically.
If you use your keyless entry transmitter to unlock the
vehicle, the interior lights will come on for a short
time whether or not the dome override is on.
The dome lamps will come on when you open a door
unless the dome lamp override is pressed in.
Exit Lighting
This feature shuts off the dome, courtesy, vanity,
and reading lamps if they are left on for more than
20 minutes when the ignition is off. This will keep your
battery from running down.
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on when
you remove the key from the ignition to help you
see while exiting the vehicle. With the dome override
button in the “out” position, these lights will stay on for
a short period of time and then will go out.
Reading Lamps
You can also turn the dome lamps on by turning the
thumbwheel, located next to the exterior lamps knob,
all the way up to the top detent position. In this position,
the dome lamps will remain on until they are turned off.
Battery Run-Down Protection
If the battery run-down protection shuts off the interior
lamps, it may be necessary to do one of the following
to return to normal operation:
• Shut off all lamps and close all doors, or
• turn the ignition key to RUN.
This feature will also turn off the parking lamps and
headlamps under most circumstances, if they are left on.
If you would like to turn them back on, turn the exterior
lamps knob.
Press the lens on the lamp located above the doors
to turn the reading lamps on and off.
3-18
Accessory Power Outlets
With the accessory power outlets, you can plug in
auxiliary electrical equipment such as a cellular
telephone or CB radio.
The first outlet is located to the right of the cigarette
lighter on the instrument panel. The second outlet
is located on the rear of the center console.
Remove the cover from the outlet to use the outlet.
Be sure to put the cover back on when not using the
accessory power outlet.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible
with the accessory power outlet and could result
in blown vehicle or adaptor fuses. If you experience a
problem, see your dealer for additional information
on the accessory power outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow
the proper installation instructions included with
the equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not hang
any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the
plug because the power outlets are designed for
accessory power plugs only.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
Your vehicle may have this feature. The ashtray is
removable and fits into the front cupholder.
Notice: If you put papers or other flammable items
in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them and possibly damage
your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the
ashtray.
To remove the ashtray, pull the covered bin out of
the cupholder.
To use the lighter, press it in all the way, and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating will not allow the lighter to back away from
the heating element when it is hot. Damage from
overheating may occur to the lighter or heating
element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold
a cigarette lighter in while it is heating.
3-19
Climate Controls
Dual Automatic Climate Control
System
OFF: Press this button to turn off the entire climate
control system. Outside air will still enter the vehicle,
and will be directed to the floor. Press the AUTO button,
the mode button, the fan arrows, or either temperature
knob to turn the system on.
MODE: Press this button to manually select the air
delivery mode to the floor, instrument panel, or windshield
outlets. The system will stay in the selected mode until
the mode button is pressed again or the AUTO button
is pressed.
With this system you can control the heating, cooling and
ventilation for your vehicle. When your vehicle is first
started and the climate control system is on, or if the
climate control system has been turned on, the display
will show the driver’s temperature setting for five
seconds. Then it will show the outside temperature.
3-20
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob: Turn this knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to manually raise or lower
the temperature on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
The display will show the temperature setting decreasing
or increasing and the word DRIVER will appear on
the display. This knob can also adjust the passenger’s
side temperature setting simultaneously if the two
zones are linked. The words DRIVER and PASS will
then appear on the display.
Passenger’s Side Temperature Knob: Turn this knob
clockwise or counterclockwise to manually raise or lower
the temperature on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
The display will show the temperature setting decreasing
or increasing and the word PASS will appear on the
display. The passenger’s temperature setting can be set
to match and link to the driver’s temperature setting by
pressing and holding the AUTO button for three seconds.
Now, by adjusting the driver’s side temperature setting,
the passenger’s side temperature setting will follow and
both DRIVER and PASS will appear on the display.
The passenger’s side temperature setting also resets
and relinks to the driver’s side temperature setting if the
vehicle has been off for more than two hours.
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): When automatic operation is
active, the system will control the inside temperature,
the air delivery mode, and the fan speed.
Use the steps below to place the entire system in
automatic mode:
1. Press the AUTO button.
When AUTO is selected, the air conditioning
operation and air inlet mode will be automatically
controlled. The air conditioning compressor will run
when the outside temperature is over approximately
40°F (4°C). The air inlet will normally be set to
outside air. If it’s hot outside, the air inlet will
automatically switch to recirculate inside air to
help quickly cool down your vehicle.
2. Set the driver’s and passenger’s temperature.
To find your comfort setting, start with a 72°F (22°C)
temperature setting and allow about 20 minutes
for the system to regulate. Turn the driver’s or
passenger’s side temperature knob to adjust the
temperature setting as necessary. If you choose the
temperature setting of 60°F (15°C), the system
will remain at the maximum cooling setting. If you
choose the temperature setting of 90°F (32°C),
the system will remain at the maximum heat setting.
Choosing either maximum setting may not cause
the vehicle to heat or cool any faster.
3-21
Manual Operation
To change the current setting, select one of the
following:
w9x (Fan):
This button allows you to manually
adjust the fan speed. Press the up arrow to increase fan
speed and the down arrow to decrease fan speed.
The display will change to show you the selected fan
speed and the driver’s side temperature setting for
five seconds.
(MODE): Press this button to manually change the
direction of the airflow in your vehicle. Keep pressing the
button until the desired mode appears on the display.
The display will change to show you the selected
air delivery mode and the driver’s temperature setting
for five seconds.
H(Vent):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
)(Bi-Level):
This mode directs approximately half of
the air to the instrument panel outlets, then directs the
remaining air to the floor outlets. A little air is directed
toward the windshield and the side window outlets.
Cooler air is directed to the upper outlets and warmer
air to the floor outlets.
3-22
6(Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets. Some air also comes out of the
defroster and side window outlets. The recirculation
button cannot be selected in floor mode.
h (Recirculation):
Press this button to turn
recirculation mode on or off. When this button is
pressed, an indicator light in the button will also come
on to let you know that it is activated. Recirculation
mode is used to recirculate the air inside of
your vehicle. Use this mode to help prevent outside
odors and/or dust from entering your vehicle or
to help cool the air inside of your vehicle more
quickly. Recirculation mode can be used with vent and
bi-level modes, but it cannot be used with floor,
defog or defrost modes.
If the weather is cold and damp, the system may
cause the windows to fog while using recirculation
mode. If the windows do start to fog, select
defog or defrost mode.
#A/C (Air Conditioning):
Press this button to
manually turn the air conditioning system on or off.
When the system is on, the system will automatically
begin to cool and dehumidify the air inside of your
vehicle.
If you select air conditioning off while in front defrost or
defog mode, the air conditioning off symbol will flash to
let you know this option is not allowed.
You may notice a slight change in engine performance
when the air-conditioning compressor shuts off and
turns on again. This is normal.
A/C OFF (Air Conditioning Off): When you turn the
air conditioning off, the words A/C OFF will appear
on the display. When the air conditioning is selected or
in AUTO mode, the system will run the air conditioning
automatically.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity
(moisture) condensing on the cool window glass.
This can be minimized if the climate control system is
used properly. You can use either defog or front defrost
to clear fog or frost from your windshield.
-(Defog):
Use this setting to clear the windows of
fog or moisture. This setting will deliver air to the
floor and windshield outlets.
0 (Front Defrost):
Press the front defrost button
to clear the windshield and side windows of frost or
fog quickly. The system will automatically control the
fan speed if you select defrost from AUTO mode.
If the outside temperature is 40°F (4°C) or warmer,
your air conditioning compressor will automatically
run to help dehumidify the air and dry the windshield.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
3-23
Rear Window Defogger
Outlet Adjustment
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
Use the air outlets located in the center and on the
side of your instrument panel to direct the airflow.
< (Rear):
Ventilation System
An indicator light in the button will come on to let you
know that the rear window defogger is activated.
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, use the vent setting to direct outside
air through your vehicle.
Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off.
The rear window defogger will turn off approximately
10 minutes after the button is pressed. If you need
additional warming time, press the button again.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to
clear the inside rear window may damage the rear
window defogger. Repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not clear the inside of the
rear window with sharp objects.
3-24
Your vehicle’s ventilation system supplies outside air to
the inside of your vehicle when it is moving. With the side
windows closed, air will flow into the front air inlet grilles,
through the vehicle and out the air exhaust valves.
Outside air will also enter the vehicle when the heater
or the air conditioning compressor is running, unless you
have pressed the recirculation button.
Operation Tips
• Keep the hood and front air inlets free of ice, snow,
or any other obstruction (such as leaves). The
heater and defroster will work far better, reducing
the chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
Rear Climate Control System
The lower buttons on the rear seat audio are used to
adjust the rear seat climate controls. The temperature of
the air coming through the rear outlets is determined
by the front passenger’s temperature setting.
• When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the
fan knob all the way to the right for a few moments
before driving. This helps clear the intake ducts
of snow and moisture, and reduces the chance of
fogging the inside of your window.
• Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
• Adding outside equipment to the front of your
vehicle, such as hood-air deflectors, may affect the
performance of the heating and air conditioning
system. Check with your dealer before adding
equipment to the outside of your vehicle.
The left button with the fan symbol regulates the fan
speed. The right button is used to change the direction
of airflow (upper, bi-level or floor) to the rear seat
area. To turn the rear climate controls on or off, press
the middle button. The rear control will only turn on if the
front is on and is not in defrost mode.
3-25
Ventilation System
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, use the panel outlet setting to direct
outside air through your vehicle. Air will flow through
the instrument panel outlets.
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it’s moving. When
the vehicle is not moving, you can get outside air to flow
through by selecting any air delivery mode and any
fan speed.
3-26
Your vehicle has air outlets that allow you to adjust
the direction and amount of airflow inside the vehicle.
Move the control in the center of each outlet side-to-side
to direct the air from the outlet. Use the thumbwheel
under the outlet to close the louvers. For the most
efficient airflow and temperature control, keep the
louvers in the fully opened position.
Climate Controls Personalization
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), you can store and recall the climate control
settings for temperature, air delivery mode and fan speed
for two different drivers. The personal choice settings
recalled are determined by the transmitter used to enter
the vehicle. After the button with the unlock symbol on a
remote keyless entry transmitter is pressed, the climate
control will adjust to the last settings of the identified
driver. The settings can also be changed by pressing one
of the memory buttons (1 or 2) located on the driver’s
door. When adjustments are made, the new settings are
automatically saved for the driver.
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention
to your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some warning
lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let
you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this
section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when there’s
a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays
on when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section that
tells you what to do about it. Please follow this
manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly–and even dangerous.
So please get to know your warning lights and gages.
They’re a big help.
Your vehicle may also have a Driver Information
Center (DIC) that works along with the warning lights
and gages. See Driver Information Center (DIC)
on page 3-43.
3-27
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, about how much fuel you’ve used, and many other things you’ll need to know to drive safely
and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
3-28
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada).
The odometer mileage can be checked without the
vehicle running. Simply press the trip stem located on
the instrument panel cluster.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. The new one will be set to
the correct mileage total of the old odometer.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer is part of the Driver Information
Center (DIC). Press and release the trip stem located
on the instrument panel cluster to display the trip
odometer. Press and hold the trip stem to reset the trip
odometer once it is displayed. Press and hold the
trip stem for a few seconds to reset the trip odometer
to the mileage since the vehicle was last started.
Tachometer
The tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions
per minute (rpm).
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your vehicle
could be damaged, and the damages would not be
covered by your warranty. Do not operate the engine
with the tachometer in the shaded warning area.
The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has
been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero.
3-29
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Air Bag Readiness Light
When the key is turned to RUN, a chime will come on
for several seconds to remind people to fasten their
safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is already
buckled.
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensors, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see Air Bag Systems on page 1-45.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay
on for several seconds,
then it will flash for
several more.
If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
Then the light should
go out. This means the
system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
3-30
Charging System Light
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition,
but the engine is not
running, as a check to
show you it is working.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays
on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have
a problem with the charging system. It could indicate
that you have problems with a generator drive belt,
or another electrical problem. Have it checked
right away. Driving while this light is on could drain
your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the
radio and air conditioner.
3-31
Voltmeter Gage
When your engine is not
running, but the ignition is
on (in RUN), this gage
shows your battery’s state
of charge in DC volts.
As engine speeds are increased, this condition should
correct itself as higher engine speeds allow the charging
system to create maximum power.
You can only drive for a short time with the reading
in either warning zone. If you must drive, turn off
all unnecessary accessories.
Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible
problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle
serviced as soon as possible.
Brake System Warning Light
When the engine is running, the gage shows the
condition of the charging system. Readings between
the low and high warning zones indicate the normal
operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a
large number of electrical accessories are operating in
the vehicle and the engine is left idling for an extended
period. This condition is normal since the charging
system is not able to provide full power at engine idle.
3-32
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem. A chime
may also sound when the light comes on.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
United States
Canada
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you
have pulled off the road and stopped carefully,
have the vehicle towed for service.
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing
Your Vehicle on page 4-45.
3-33
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when you start your
engine and may stay on
for several seconds.
That’s normal. A chime
may also sound when
the light comes on.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving,
your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you
don’t have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake system
warning light is also on, you don’t have anti-lock brakes
and there’s a problem with your regular brakes.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-32 earlier
in this section.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN.
If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-34
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into the red area, the engine
coolant has overheated.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-29.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the
life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The check engine light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls may
not work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires
with other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
3-35
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
If the Light is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light Is
On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service as soon
as possible.
3-36
If the Light Is On Steady
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 5-5. Poor fuel quality will
cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed.
You may notice this as stalling after start-up,
stalling when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring,
hesitation on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration.
(These conditions may go away once the engine is
warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and
cause the light to turn on.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-8. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has
the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix
any mechanical or electrical problems that may
have developed.
3-37
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Oil Pressure Gage
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help your
vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the check
engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen
if you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD
system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
3-38
United States
Canada
The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure in
psi (pounds per square inch) when the engine is running.
Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals).
Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside
temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the
low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by
a dangerously low oil level or other problems causing
low oil pressure.
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that
it catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Change Engine Oil Light
This light is displayed
when the engine oil
needs to be changed.
Once the engine oil has been changed, the change
engine oil light must be reset. Until it is reset, the light
will be displayed when the engine is on.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
3-39
Security Light
Cruise Control Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the key toward START.
The light will stay on until the engine starts. If the light
flashes, the Passlock® system has entered a tamper
mode. If the vehicle fails to start, see Passlock®
on page 2-19.
If the light comes on continuously while driving and
stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock®
system. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock®,
and you should see your dealer.
Your vehicle may have this
feature. The cruise light
appears whenever you set
your cruise control.
Reduced Engine Power Light
This light is displayed
when a noticeable
reduction in the vehicle’s
performance may occur.
Also, see Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-17 for
additional information regarding the security light.
The vehicle may be driven at a reduced speed when
the reduced engine power light is on but acceleration
and speed may be reduced. The performance may
be reduced until the next time you drive your vehicle.
If this light stays on, see your dealer as soon as possible
for diagnosis and repair.
3-40
This light may also come on if there is a problem with
the Electronic Throttle Control (ETC) system. If this
happens, take the vehicle in for service as soon
as possible.
Check Gages Warning Light
The check gages light will
come on briefly when you
are starting the engine.
Service All-Wheel Drive Light
This light should come on
briefly when you turn on
the ignition, as a check to
show you it is working.
If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving,
check your coolant temperature and engine oil pressure
gages to see if they are in the warning zones.
The service all-wheel drive light comes on to indicate
that there may be a problem with the drive system and
service is required. Malfunctions can be indicated by
the system before any problem is apparent, which may
prevent serious damage to the vehicle. This system
is also designed to assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosing a malfunction.
Gate Ajar Light
If this light comes on,
your liftgate or liftglass
is not completely shut.
Close the liftgate or liftglass. Never drive with the liftgate
or liftglass even partially open.
3-41
Fuel Gage
United States
Canada
When the ignition is on, the fuel gage tells you about
how much fuel you have remaining.
Here are four things that some owners ask about.
None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:
• At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took
a little more or less than half the tank’s capacity
to fill the tank.
• The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
• The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
Low Fuel Warning Light
The light next to the fuel gage will come on briefly when
you are starting the engine.
This light comes on when the fuel tank is low on fuel. To
turn it off, add fuel to the fuel tank. See Fuel on page 5-4.
3-42
Driver Information Center (DIC)
The DIC display is located on the instrument panel
cluster above the steering wheel. The DIC can display
information such as the trip odometer, fuel economy and
personalization features. The DIC buttons are located
on the steering wheel.
C. Personalization: Press this button to change
personal settings for some of the options on your
vehicle.
D. Select: Press this button to reset certain functions
and turn off or acknowledge messages on the DIC.
DIC Operation and Displays
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After a short
delay the DIC will display the current driver and the
information that was last displayed before the engine
was turned off.
If a problem is detected, a warning message will appear
on the display. Pressing the trip stem will acknowledge
any warning or service messages. Pressing any of
the DIC steering wheel buttons (Trip Information,
Fuel Information, Personalization or Select button) will
also acknowledge any warnings or service messages.
A. Trip Information: Press this button to display the
odometer, trip odometer and the timer.
B. Fuel Information: Press this button to display the
current range, average fuel economy, instant
fuel economy and engine oil life.
3-43
The DIC has different modes which can be accessed
by pressing the four buttons on the DIC. These buttons
are trip information, fuel information, personalization
and select. The button functions are detailed following.
Trip Information
Use the trip information button to scroll through the
odometer, TRIP A, TRIP B and TIMER.
Odometer
Press the trip information button until the odometer
appears on the display. This shows the total distance
the vehicle has been driven in either miles or kilometers.
Pressing the reset stem located on the instrument
cluster with the vehicle off will also display the odometer.
Trip A and Trip B
Press the trip information button until TRIP A or TRIP B
is displayed. This shows the current distance traveled
since the last reset for each trip odometer in either miles
or kilometers. Both odometers can be used at the
same time.
3-44
Each trip odometer can be reset to zero separately by
pressing select while the desired trip odometer is
displayed. You can also reset the trip odometers with
the reset stem on the cluster. If you press and hold the
reset stem for four seconds, the display will show the
distance traveled since the last ignition cycle.
Timer
The DIC can be used as a stopwatch. Press the select
button while TIMER is displayed to start the timer.
The display will show the amount of time that has
passed since the timer was last reset (not including time
the ignition is off). Time will continue to be counted as
long as the ignition is on, even if another display is being
shown on the DIC. The timer will record up to 99 hours,
59 minutes and 59 seconds (99:59:59) after which
the display will roll back to zero.
To stop the counting of time, press the select button
briefly while TIMER is displayed.
To reset the timer to zero, press and hold the select
button while TIMER is displayed.
Fuel Information
Instant Fuel Economy
Use the fuel information button to scroll through the
range, average fuel economy, instant fuel economy and
the GM Oil Life System.
Press the fuel information button until INST appears in
the display. Instant fuel economy is how many miles
per gallon your vehicle is at the particular moment
in time. The instant fuel economy cannot be reset.
Fuel Range
Press the fuel information button until RANGE appears
to display the remaining distance you can drive
without refueling. It’s based on fuel economy and the
fuel remaining in the tank. The display will show LOW
if the fuel level is low.
The fuel economy data used to determine fuel range is
an average of recent driving conditions. As your
driving conditions change, this data is gradually updated.
Fuel range cannot be reset.
Average Fuel Economy
Press the fuel information button until AVG appears in
the display. Average fuel economy is how many
miles per gallon your vehicle is getting based on current
and past driving conditions.
GM Oil Life System
Press the fuel information button until ENGINE OIL LIFE
appears in the display. The GM Oil Life System shows
an estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life. It will show
100% when the system is reset after an oil change.
It will alert you to change your oil on a schedule
consistent with your driving conditions.
Always reset the engine oil life monitor after an oil
change. To reset the monitor, press and hold the select
button while ENGINE OIL LIFE is displayed.
The oil change monitor does not measure how much
oil you have in your engine. So, be sure to check your
oil level often. For more information, see Engine Oil
on page 5-18.
Press and hold the select button while AVG. ECON is
displayed to reset the average fuel economy. Average
fuel economy will then be calculated starting from
that point. If the average fuel economy is not reset,
it will be continually updated each time you drive.
3-45
Personalization
Alarm Warning Type
You can program certain features to a preferred setting
for up to two people. Press the personalization button
to scroll through the following personalization features.
All of the personalization options may not be available
on your vehicle. Only the options available will be
displayed on your DIC.
• ALARM WARNING TYPE
• AUTOMATIC LOCKING
• AUTOMATIC UNLOCKING
• SEAT POSITION RECALL
• PERIMETER LIGHTING
• REMOTE LOCK FEEDBACK
• REMOTE UNLOCK FEEDBACK
• HEADLAMPS ON AT EXIT
• MIRROR CURB VIEW ASSIST
• EASY EXIT DRIVER SEAT
• DISPLAY UNITS — U.S./MET
• DISPLAY LANGUAGE
Press the personalization button until ALARM
WARNING TYPE appears in the display. To select your
personalization for alarm warning type, press the
select button while ALARM WARNING TYPE is
displayed on the DIC. Pressing the select button will
scroll through the following choices:
The driver’s preferences are recalled by pressing the
unlock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter or
by pressing the appropriate memory button 1 or 2
located on the driver’s door.
3-46
• ALARM WARNING: BOTH (default): If you choose
BOTH, the headlamps will flash and the horn will
chirp when the alarm is active.
• ALARM WARNING: OFF: If you choose OFF,
there will be no alarm warning on activation.
• ALARM WARNING: HORN: If you choose HORN,
the horn will chirp when the alarm is active.
• ALARM WARNING: LAMPS: If you choose LAMPS,
the headlamps will flash when the alarm is active.
Choose one of the four settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on
the DIC to select it and move on to the next feature.
For more information on alarm warning type, see
Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-17.
Automatic Locking
Press the select button while AUTOMATIC LOCKING
is displayed on the DIC to scroll through the following
choices:
• LOCK DOORS OUT OF PARK (default): If you
choose for the doors to lock out of park, the
doors will lock when the vehicle is shifted out of
PARK (P).
• LOCK DOORS MANUALLY: If you choose for the
doors to lock manually, the doors will not be
locked automatically.
• LOCK DOORS WITH SPEED: If you choose for the
doors to lock with speed, the doors will lock when
the vehicle speed is above 8 mph (13 km/h) for
three seconds.
Press the personalization button while your choice is
displayed on the DIC to select it and move on to the next
feature. For more information on automatic door locks
see Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 2-10.
Automatic Unlocking
Press the personalization button until AUTOMATIC
UNLOCKING appears in the display. To select
your personalization for automatic unlocking,
press the select button while AUTOMATIC
UNLOCKING is displayed on the DIC. Pressing the
select button will scroll through the following
choices:
• UNLOCK ALL IN PARK (default): If you choose
for all the doors to unlock in PARK (P), all of
the doors will unlock when the vehicle is
shifted into PARK (P).
• UNLOCK ALL AT KEY OUT: If you choose for all
the doors to unlock at key out, all of the doors
will unlock when the key is taken out of
the ignition.
• UNLOCK DOORS MANUALLY: If you choose for
the doors to unlock manually, the doors will
not be unlocked automatically.
• UNLOCK DRIVER IN PARK: If you choose for the
driver’s door to unlock in PARK (P), the driver’s
door will be unlocked when the vehicle is
shifted into PARK (P).
Choose one of the four settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC to
select it and move on to the next feature. For more
information on automatic door locks see Programmable
Automatic Door Locks on page 2-10.
3-47
Seat Position Recall
Perimeter Lighting
Press the personalization button until SEAT POSITION
RECALL appears in the display. To select your
personalization for seat position recall, press the select
button while SEAT POSITION RECALL is displayed
on the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through
the following choices:
Press the personalization button until PERIMETER
LIGHTING appears in the display. To select your
personalization for perimeter lighting, press the select
button while PERIMETER LIGHTING is displayed on the
DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through the
following choices:
• SEAT POSITION RECALL OFF (default): If you
choose seat recall off, the memory seat position
you saved will only be recalled when the memory
button 1or 2 is pressed.
• SEAT POSITION RECALL AT KEY IN: If you
choose seat recall at key in, the memory seat
position you saved will be recalled when you put
the key in the ignition.
• SEAT POSITION RECALL ON REMOTE: If you
choose seat recall on remote, the memory seat
position you saved will be recalled when you unlock
the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
Choose one of the three settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature.
3-48
• PERIMETER LIGHTING ON (default): If you choose
for perimeter lighting to be on, the headlamps and
back-up lamps will come on for 40 seconds, if it
is dark enough outside, when you unlock the vehicle
with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
• PERIMETER LIGHTING OFF: Choose one of the
two modes and press the personalization button
while it is displayed on the DIC to select it and move
on to the next feature.
Remote Lock Feedback
Remote Unlock Feedback
Press the personalization button until REMOTE LOCK
FEEDBACK appears in the display. To select your
personalization for the feedback you will receive when
locking the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter, press the select button while REMOTE
LOCK FEEDBACK is displayed on the DIC. Pressing
the select button will scroll through the following choices:
Press the personalization button until REMOTE UNLOCK
FEEDBACK appears in the display. To select your
personalization for the feedback you will receive when
unlocking the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter, press the select button while REMOTE
UNLOCK FEEDBACK is displayed on the DIC. Pressing
the select button will scroll through the following choices:
• LOCK FEEDBACK: BOTH (default): If you choose
both, the parking lamps will flash each time you
press the button with the lock symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter and the horn will chirp
the second time you press the lock button.
• LOCK FEEDBACK: OFF: If you choose off, there
will be no feedback when locking the vehicle.
• LOCK FEEDBACK: HORN: If you choose horn, the
horn will chirp the second time you press the button
with the lock symbol on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
• LOCK FEEDBACK: LAMPS: If you choose lamps,
the parking lamps will flash each time you press
the button with the lock symbol on the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
Choose one of the four settingss and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature.
• UNLOCK FEEDBACK: LAMPS (default): If you
choose lamps, the parking lamps will flash each time
you press the button with the unlock symbol on the
remote keyless entry transmitter.
• UNLOCK FEEDBACK: BOTH: If you choose both,
the parking lamps will flash each time you press the
button with the unlock symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter. The horn will chirp the second time
you press the unlock button.
• UNLOCK FEEDBACK: OFF: If you choose off, there
will be no feedback when unlocking the vehicle.
• UNLOCK FEEDBACK: HORN: If you choose horn,
the horn will chirp the second time you press the
button with the unlock symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
Choose one of the four settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature.
3-49
Headlamps on at Exit
Mirror Curb View Assist
Press the personalization button until HEADLAMPS
ON AT EXIT appears in the display. To select your
personalization for how long the headlamps will stay on
when you turn off the vehicle, press the select button
while HEADLAMPS ON AT EXIT is displayed on
the DIC. Pressing the select button will scroll through
the following choices:
Press the personalization button until MIRROR
CURBVIEW ASSIST appears in the display. To select
your personalization for curb view assist, press the
select button while MIRROR CURBVIEW ASSIST is
displayed on the DIC. With the engine running, engage
the parking brake, press the brake pedal and place
the vehicle in REVERSE (R) gear. Adjust the
passenger’s side and then the driver’s side outside
mirrors to the desired tilt positions. These positions will
be stored in memory once the vehicle is shifted out
of REVERSE (R). Press the select button to scroll
through the following choices:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
HEADLAMP DELAY: 10 SEC (default)
HEADLAMP DELAY: 20 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 40 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 60 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 120 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY: 180 SEC
HEADLAMP DELAY OFF
The amount of time you choose will be the amount of
time that the headlamps stay on after you turn off
the vehicle. If you choose off, the headlamps will turn
off as soon as you turn off the vehicle.
Choose one of the seven settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature.
3-50
• CURB VIEW: OFF (default): If you choose off,
neither outside mirror will be tilted down when
the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE (R).
• CURB VIEW: PASSENGER: If you choose
passenger, the passenger’s outside mirror will be
tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
• CURB VIEW: DRIVER: If you choose driver, the
driver’s outside mirror will be tilted down when
the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE (R).
• CURB VIEW: BOTH: If you choose both, the
driver’s and passenger’s outside mirror will be tilted
down when the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE (R).
When the vehicle is placed in PARK (P) or in any
forward gear, the mirror(s) will return to normal driving
positions, following a short delay.
Choose one of the four settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature.
Easy Exit Driver Seat
Press the personalization button until EASY EXIT
DRIVER SEAT appears in the display. To select your
personalization for seat position exit, press the
select button while EASY EXIT DRIVER SEAT is
displayed on the DIC. Pressing the select button will
scroll through the following choices:
• EASY EXIT SEAT: OFF (default): If you choose for
the easy exit seat feature to be on, the driver’s seat
will move to the exit position when the key is
removed from the ignition.
• EASY EXIT SEAT: ON: If you choose for this
feature to be off, no seat exit recall will occur.
Choose one of the two settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and move on to the next feature.
Display Units (U.S./MET)
Press the personalization button until DISPLAY
UNITS — U.S./MET appears in the display. To select
English or metric, press the select button while DISPLAY
UNITS — U.S./MET is displayed on the DIC. Pressing the
select button will scroll through the following choices:
• UNITS: U.S. (ENGLISH): If you choose U.S.
(English), all information will be displayed in U.S.
units. For example, distance in miles and fuel
economy in miles per gallon (U.S. gallon) is
displayed.
• UNITS: METRIC (KM/L): If you choose metric KM/L,
all information will be displayed in metric units. For
example, distance in kilometers and fuel economy in
KM/L is displayed.
• UNITS: METRIC (L/100KM): If you choose metric
L/100KM, all information will be displayed in metric
units. For example, distance in kilometers and fuel
economy in L/100KM is displayed.
Choose one of the three settings and press the
personalization button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it and end out of the personalization options.
3-51
Display Language
Select
To select your personalization for display language,
press the select button while DISPLAY LANGUAGE is
displayed on the DIC. Pressing the select button
will scroll through the available languages:
The select button is used to reset certain functions and
turn off or acknowledge messages on the DIC display.
The select button also toggles through the options
available in each personalization menu. For example,
this button will reset the trip odometers, turn off the FUEL
LEVEL LOW message, and toggle through the languages
you can select the DIC to display information in.
Choosing a language will display all of the information
on the DIC in the desired language.
If your vehicle is equipped with an Information Center,
press and hold the trip stem while the odometer is
displayed. While holding down the trip stem button,
the Information Center will begin to list the available
languages. The name of each language will be
displayed in its native language (ENGLISH for English,
FRANCAIS for French and ESPANOL for Spanish).
When you see the language that you would like, release
the trip stem. The Information Center will then display
the information in the language you chose.
If you accidentaly choose a language you do not want
or understand, press and hold the trip information
button and the personalization button at the same
time. After a short time, the display will begin cycling
through the available languages. Release the buttons
when you see a language you would like. This will also
reset all of the current driver’s personalization features
to their factory default settings.
For vehicles with redundant steering wheel controls,
see “Personalization” under the DIC.
3-52
DIC Warnings and Messages
Messages are displayed on the DIC to notify the driver
that the status of the vehicle has changed and that some
action may be needed by the driver to correct the
condition. More than one message may appear at one
time. They will appear one behind the other. Some
messages may not require immediate action but you
should press the trip stem to acknowledge that you
received the message and clear it from the display.
Pressing any of the DIC steering wheel buttons
(Trip Information, Fuel Information, Personalization or
Select button) will also acknowledge any warnings or
service messages. Some messages cannot be cleared
from the display because they are more urgent.
These messages require action before they can be
removed from the DIC display. The following are the
possible messages that can be displayed and some
information about them.
ENGINE COOLANT HOT/ENGINE
OVERHEATED
If the cooling system temperature gets hot, this message
will appear in the DIC and you will hear a chime.
Refer to “Engine Overheating” for the proper course of
action. This message will clear when the coolant
temperature drops to a safe operating temperature.
OIL PRESSURE LOW/STOP ENGINE
SERVICE AIR BAG
If there is a problem with the air bag system this
message will be displayed on the DIC. Have a qualified
technician inspect the system for problems. Press
the select button to acknowledge this message and clear
it from the DIC display.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
If low oil pressure levels occur, this message will be
displayed on the DIC. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and do not operate it until the cause of the low oil
pressure has been corrected. Check your oil as soon as
possible and have your vehicle serviced.
If a problem occurs with the brake system this message
will appear on the DIC. If this message appears, stop
as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle. Restart the
vehicle and check for the message on the DIC display.
If the message is still displayed, or appears again when
you begin driving, the brake system needs service.
BATTERY NOT CHARGING
TURN SIGNAL ON
If the battery is not charging during operation, this
message will appear on the DIC. Driving with this
problem could drain your battery. Have the electrical
system checked as soon as possible. Press the select
button to acknowledge this message and clear it
from the DIC display.
If a turn signal is left on for 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km),
this message will appear on the display and you will
hear a chime. Move the turn signal/multifunction lever to
the off position. Press the select button to acknowledge
this message and clear it from the DIC display.
3-53
REAR ACCESS OPEN
ICE POSSIBLE
If the liftgate or liftglass is open while the ignition is in
RUN, this message will appear on the DIC and you will
hear a chime. Turn off the vehicle and check the
liftgate and liftglass. Restart the vehicle and check for
the message on the DIC display. Press the select button
to acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display.
If the outside temperature reaches a level where ice
could form on the roadway, this message may appear
on the DIC. If the temperature rises to a safe level,
the message will clear. Press the select button to
acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display.
FUEL LEVEL LOW
If the fuel level is low in the vehicle’s gas tank this
message will appear on the DIC and you will hear a
chime. Refuel as soon as possible. Press the select
button to acknowledge this message and clear it from
the DIC display.
CHECK WASHER FLUID
If the washer fluid level is low, this message will appear
on the DIC. Adding washer fluid will clear the message.
Press the select button to acknowledge this message
and clear it from the DIC display.
3-54
DRIVER DOOR AJAR
If the driver’s door is not fully closed, this message will
appear on the display and you will hear a chime. Stop
and turn off the vehicle, check the door for obstacles, and
close the door again. Check to see if the message still
appears on the DIC. Press the select button to
acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display.
PASSENGER DOOR AJAR
If the passenger’s door is not fully closed, this message
will appear on the display and you will hear a chime.
Stop and turn off the vehicle, check the door for
obstacles, and close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC. Press the select
button to acknowledge this message and clear it from
the DIC display.
LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR
CURB VIEW ACTIVATED
If the driver’s side rear door is not fully closed this
message will appear on the display and you will hear
a chime. Stop and turn off the vehicle, check the door for
obstacles, and close the door again. Check to see if
the message still appears on the DIC. Press the select
button tol acknowledge this message and clear it
from the DIC display.
The CURB VIEW ACTIVATED message is displayed
when one of the outside rear view mirrors move into
the curb view position. Refer to “Outside Automatic
Dimming Mirror with Curb View Assist” for more
information.
RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR
If the vehicle’s fuel cap is not tightened properly, this
message may appear on the DIC and a chime will sound.
Fully reinstall the fuel cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. The DIC message will
remain on until the message is cancelled with the return
button on the steering wheel. The DIC message will also
be cancelled if the ignition is turned off.
If the passenger’s side rear door is not fully closed
this message will appear on the display and you
will hear a chime. Stop and turn off the vehicle, check
the door for obstacles, and close the door again. Check
to see if the message still appears on the DIC. Press
the select button to acknowledge this message and clear
it from the DIC display.
RFA # BATTERY LOW
If a remote keyless entry transmitter battery is low, this
message will appear on the DIC. The battery needs
to be replaced in the transmitter. Press the select button
to acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display.
TIGHTEN FUEL CAP
The DIC message and the Service Engine Soon light
may come on again during a second trip if the fuel cap
is still not tightened properly. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 3-35 for more information.
3-55
Audio System(s)
Setting the Time
Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle — like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio — be sure you can add
what you want. If you can, it’s very important to do it
properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with
the operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio or other
systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle’s
systems may interfere with the operation of sound
equipment that has been added improperly.
Your radio may have a button marked with an
H or HR to represent hours and an M or MN to
represent minutes.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and
hold the hour and minute buttons at the same time for
two seconds until UPDATED and the clock symbol
appear on the display. If the time is not available from
the station, NO UPDAT will appear on the display.
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with
it first. Figure out which radio you have in your vehicle,
find out what your audio system can do and how to
operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off.
See “Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under
Ignition Positions on page 2-20.
3-56
Press and hold the hour button until the correct hour
appears on the display. AM or PM will appear on
the display for morning or evening hours. Press and
hold the minute button until the correct minute appears
on the display. The time may be set with the ignition
on or off.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. Once you have
tuned to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a
few minutes for your time to update.
Radio with CD
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type
of programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
Base Radio Shown, Bose® Similar
If your vehicle is equipped with the Bose® audio
system, your vehicle will have six Bose® amplified
speakers.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
3-57
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system will adjust automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive
by increasing the volume as vehicle speed increases.
3-58
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button
to select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will provide
more volume compensation as vehicle speed increases.
To turn automatic volume off, press this button until
AVOL OFF appears on the display.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Time display is available with the ignition off.
For RDS, press the DISPL knob to change what
appears on the display while using RDS. The display
options are station name, RDS station frequency,
PTY and the name of the program (if available).
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
the DISPL knob while in XM mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
To change the default on the display, press the DISPL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep and the selected display will now be the default.
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states,
if equipped). The display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by
performing the following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
q SEEK r:
Press the right or the left arrow to go
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
q SCAN r:
Press and hold either arrow for more than
two seconds. SCAN will appear on the display and you
will hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a
few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either
arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either arrow for
more than four seconds. PSCN will appear on the display
and you will hear two beeps. The radio will go to the first
preset station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next preset station. Press either arrow again or one of the
pushbuttons to stop scanning.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons. The radio will produce one beep.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton,
the station you set will return and the equalization
that you selected will be automatically stored for
hat pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the selected
band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-59
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance to the right and the
left speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until
BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the bass and treble to the middle position, push
and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one
beep and adjust the display level to the middle position.
To adjust the fade to the front and the rear speakers,
push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE appears
on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound
toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on the
display, you will hear a beep and the display level will be
adjusted to the middle position.
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob then push it again and hold it until
the radio produces one beep. The balance and fade
will be adjusted to the middle position and the display
will show the speaker balance.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button
to select customized equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.
Selecting CUSTOM or changing bass or treble,
returns the EQ to the manual bass and treble settings.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display, you will hear a beep and the display level
will be adjusted to the middle position.
The radio will save separate AUTO EQ settings for
each preset and source.
If you radio is equipped with the Bose audio system,
your equalization settings are either CUSTOM or TALK.
3-60
Finding a Program Type (PTY)
Station (RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Turn the P-TYPE knob to activate program type
select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button or one of the SEEK arrows
to take you to the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press the SEEK TYPE
button once. If the PTY is not displayed, press
the SEEK TYPE button twice to display the PTY
and then to go to another station.
5. Press the P-TYPE knob to exit program type
select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
1. Turn the P-TYPE knob to activate program type
select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
SCAN arrow, and the radio will begin scanning
the stations in the PTY.
4. Press either SCAN arrow to stop scanning.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will scan for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to
stronger stations.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will search
for stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
If the radio cannot find the desired program type,
NONE will appear on the display and the radio will
return to the last station you were listening to.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-61
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
RDS Messages
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2)
by performing the following steps:
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to activate program type
select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display.
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever
you press that numbered pushbutton, the PTY
you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on
the display. Press this button to see the message.
The message may display the artist, song title,
call in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press the
INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words
will appear on the display with each press.
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Once the complete message has been displayed,
the information symbol will disappear from the display
until another new message is received. The old message
can be displayed by pressing the INFO button. You can
view an old message until a new message is received or
a different station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will appear on the display.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display,
the tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements
and when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press this button and the radio
will seek to a station that does. When the radio finds
a station that broadcasts traffic announcements, it
will stop and TRAF will be displayed. When a traffic
announcement comes on the tuned radio station you will
hear it. If no station is found, NO TRAFFIC will appear
on the display.
If TRAF is on the display you can press the TRAF
button to turn off the traffic announcements.
Your radio will play the traffic announcement even if
the volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of
a CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): Your audio system
has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory.
If CAL ERR appears on the display, it means that your
radio has not been configured properly for the vehicle
and must be returned to the dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. You must
return to the dealer for service.
3-63
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL
(Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating
encryption code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated,
and no action is required. This process should take no
longer than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
CH Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature
not available
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title
not available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
3-64
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Category Name
not available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
XM Locked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label.
This label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Chk XMRcvr
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-65
Playing a CD
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing.
The CD symbol will appear on the display. If you want
to insert a CD with the ignition off, first press the
eject button or the DISPL knob.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with the CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on
the ignition or the radio, the CD will start playing,
where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio
source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8 cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller
CDs are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
3-66
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to
the current track if it has been playing for more
than eight seconds. TRACK and the track number will
appear on the display. If you hold this pushbutton
or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward through the CD.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the CD.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times
the normal playing speed. Release it to play the
passage. ET and the elapsed time of the track will
appear on the display.
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
ET and the elapsed time of the track will appear on the
display.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear
the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM ON will appear on the display. RDM T and
the track number will appear on the display when each
track starts to play. Press this pushbutton again to
turn off random play. RDM OFF will appear on
the display.
q SEEK r:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or to the previous track. Press the right arrow
to go to the start of the next track. If you hold either arrow
or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time
of the track will appear on the display. To change the
default on the display (track or elapsed time), press this
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep
and the selected display will now be the default.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio.
Z (Eject):
Press this button to stop a CD when it is
playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing. Eject
may be activated with either the ignition or radio off.
CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
q SCAN r: To scan the CD, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of each track of the CD.
Press either SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.
3-67
CD Messages
Radio with Cassette and CD
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-68
Base Radio Shown, Bose® Similar
If your vehicle is equipped with the Bose® audio
system, your vehicle will have six Bose® amplified
speakers.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type
of programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system will adjust automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive
by increasing the volume as vehicle speed increases.
3-69
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button
to select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will provide
more volume compensation as vehicle speed increases.
To turn automatic volume off, press this button until
AVOL OFF appears on the display.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Time display is available with the ignition turned off.
For RDS, press the DISPL knob to change what appears
on the display while using RDS. The display options
are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the
name of the program (if available).
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
the DISPL knob while in XM mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
To change the default on the display, press the DISPL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold
the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one
beep and the selected display will now be the default.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press his button to switch between FM1,
FM2, AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states,
if equipped). The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
q SEEK r: Press the right or the left arrow to go
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
q SCAN r: Press and hold either arrow for
more than two seconds. SCAN will appear on the
display and you will hear a beep. The radio will go to
a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the
next station. Press either arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either arrow
for more than four seconds. PSCN will appear on
the display and you will hear two beeps. The radio will
go to the first preset station, play for a few seconds,
then go on to the next preset station. Press either arrow
again or one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-70
Setting Preset Stations
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, or six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by
performing the following steps:
AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS
or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to
increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass
or treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons. The radio will produce one beep.
Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton,
the station you set will return and the equalization
that you selected will be automatically stored for
that pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To adjust the bass and treble to the middle position, push
and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one
beep and adjust the display level to the middle position.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on the
display, you will hear a beep and the display level will be
adjusted to the middle position.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button
to select customized equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.
Selecting CUSTOM or changing bass or treble,
returns the EQ to the manual bass and treble settings.
The radio will save separate AUTO EQ settings for
each preset and source.
If you radio is equipped with the Bose audio system,
your equalization settings are either CUSTOM or TALK.
3-71
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO
knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to
move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position,
push the AUDIO knob then push it again and hold it until
the radio produces one beep. The balance and fade
will be adjusted to the middle position and the display
will show the speaker balance.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. ALL will appear on
the display, you will hear a beep and the display level
will be adjusted to the middle position.
Finding a Program Type (PTY)
Station (RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Turn the P-TYPE knob to activate program type
select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press the
SEEK TYPE button or one of the SEEK arrows
to take you to the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press the SEEK TYPE
button once. If the PTY is not displayed, press
the SEEK TYPE button twice to display the PTY
and then to go to another station.
5. Press the P-TYPE knob to exit program type
select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will search
for stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
3-72
If the radio cannot find the desired program type,
NONE will appear on the display and the radio will
return to the last station you were listening to.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
1. Turn the P-TYPE knob to activate program type
select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
SCAN arrow, and the radio will begin scanning
the stations in the PTY.
4. Press either SCAN arrow to stop scanning.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will scan for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on, press
and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will appear on
the display. The radio may switch to stronger stations.
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2)
by performing the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to activate program type
select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display.
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever
you press that numbered pushbutton, the PTY
you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-73
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a cassette tape or CD is playing. If a cassette tape or
CD is playing, play will stop during the announcement.
You will not be able to turn off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, the information symbol will appear on
the display. Press this button to see the message.
The message may display the artist, song title,
call in phone numbers, etc.
3-74
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press
the INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words will
appear on the display with each press. Once the
complete message has been displayed, the information
symbol will disappear from the display until another
new message is received. The old message can
be displayed by pressing the INFO button. You can
view an old message until a new message is received
or a different station is tuned to.
When a message is not available from a station,
NO INFO will appear on the display.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display,
the tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements
and when a traffic announcement comes on the tuned
radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press this button and the radio
will seek to a station that does. When the radio finds a
station that broadcasts traffic announcements, it will
stop and TRAF will be displayed. When a traffic
announcement comes on the tuned radio station you
will hear it. If no station is found, NO TRAFFIC will
appear on the display.
If TRAF is on the display you can press the TRAF
button to turn off the traffic announcements.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): Your audio system
has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory.
If CAL ERR appears on the display, it means that your
radio has not been configured properly for the vehicle
and must be returned to the dealer for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. You must return
to the dealer for service.
Your radio will play the traffic announcement even if the
volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a
cassette tape or CD if the last tuned station broadcasts
traffic announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-75
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL
(Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating
encryption code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated,
and no action is required. This process should take no
longer than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
CH Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature
not available
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title
not available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
3-76
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Category Name
not available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available
for the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
XM Locked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label.
This label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Chk XMRcvr
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-77
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this player.
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape can
be inserted and will begin playing. A tape symbol will
appear on the display whenever a tape is inserted.
If you hear nothing, or hear a garbled sound, the tape
may not be in squarely. Press the eject button to remove
the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, AUDIO, and
SEEK controls just as you do for the radio. TAPE will
appear on the display and an arrow showing which side
of the tape is playing. The tape player automatically
begins playing the other side when it reaches the end
of the tape.
If you want to insert a tape while the ignition is off,
first press the eject button or the DISPL knob. Cassette
tape adapter kits for portable CD players will work in
your cassette tape player.
Your tape bias is set automatically when a metal or
chrome tape is inserted.
3-78
If an error appears on the display, see “Cassette
Tape Messages” later in this section.
1 PREV (Previous): Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for previous
to work. Press this pushbutton to go to the previous
selection on the tape if the current selection has been
playing for less than three seconds. If pressed when the
current selection has been playing from 3 to 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the previous selection or
the beginning of the current selection, depending upon
the position on the tape. If pressed when the current
selection has been playing for more than 13 seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current selection.
SEEK and a negative number will appear on the display
while the cassette player is in the previous mode.
Pressing this pushbutton multiple times will increase the
number of selections to be searched back, up to -9.
2 NEXT: Your tape must have at least three seconds of
silence between each selection for next to work. Press
this pushbutton to go to the next selection on the tape.
If you press the pushbutton more than once, the player
will continue moving forward through the tape. SEEK and
a positive number will appear on the display.
3 REV (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to reverse the
tape rapidly. Press this pushbutton again to return to
playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
reverses. The station frequency and REV will appear on
the display. You may select stations during reverse
operation by using TUNE and SEEK.
4 FWD (Forward): Press this pushbutton to advance
the tape rapidly. Press this pushbutton again to return
to playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
advances. The station frequency and FWD will appear
on the display. You may select stations during
forward operation by using TUNE and SEEK.
5 SIDE: Press this pushbutton to play the other side
of the tape.
q SEEK r: The right arrow is the same as the
NEXT pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the
PREV pushbutton. If you hole either arrow or press it
more than once, the player will continue moving forward
or backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive
or negative number will appear on the display.
q SCAN r: To scan the tape, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of each selection on
the current side of the tape. Press either SCAN arrow
again, to stop scanning. Your tape must have at
least three seconds of silence between each selection
for scan to work.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
cassette tape or CD is playing. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
TAPE DISC: Press this button to play a cassette tape
or CD when listening to the radio. The inactive tape
or CD will remain safely inside the radio for future
listening.
Z (Eject):
Press this button to stop a tape when
it is playing or to eject a tape when it is not playing.
Eject may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes
may be loaded with the radio off if this button is
pressed first.
3-79
Cassette Tape Messages
CD Adapter Kits
CHK TAPE (Check Tape): If this message appears on
the display, the tape will not play because of one of
the following errors:
• The tape is tight and the player cannot turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with
the open end down and try to turn the right
hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape
over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily,
your tape may be damaged and should not be
used in the player. Try a new tape to make sure
your player is working properly.
• The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
• The tape is wrapped around the tape head.
Attempt to get the cassette out. Try a new tape.
It is possible to use a portable CD player with your
cassette tape player after activating the bypass feature
on your tape player.
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See Care
of Your Cassette Tape Player on page 3-114.
The override feature will remain active until the eject
button is pressed.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-80
To activate the bypass feature, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE DISC button for
five seconds. READY will appear on the display
and the tape symbol on the display will flash,
indicating the feature is active.
4. Insert the adapter into the cassette tape slot.
It will power up the radio and begin playing.
Playing a CD
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing.
The CD symbol will appear on the display. If you want to
insert a CD with the ignition off, first press the eject
button or the DISPL knob.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with the CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on
the ignition or the radio, the CD will start playing, where
it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8 cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to
the current track if it has been playing for more
than eight seconds. TRACK and the track number will
appear on the display. If you hold this pushbutton
or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward through the CD.
2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving forward through
the CD.
3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton
to reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it
for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times
the normal playing speed. Release it to play the
passage. ET and the elapsed time of the track will
appear on the display.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
3-81
4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the
normal playing speed. Release it to play the passage.
ET and the elapsed time of the track will appear on the
display.
DISPL (Display): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed
time of the track will appear on the display. To change
the default on the display (track or elapsed time),
press this knob until you see the display you want,
then hold the knob for two seconds. The radio will
produce one beep and the selected display will now
be the default.
6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON
will appear on the display. RDM T and the track
number will appear on the display when each track
starts to play. Press this pushbutton again to turn
off random play. RDM OFF will appear on the display.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
cassette tape or CD is playing. The inactive tape or CD
will remain safely inside the radio for future listening
q SEEK r:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current or to the previous track. Press the right arrow
to go to the start of the next track. If you hold either arrow
or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
q SCAN r: To scan the CD, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of each track of the
CD. Press either SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.
3-82
TAPE DISC: Press this button to play a cassette tape
or CD when listening to the radio. The inactive tape
or CD will remain safely inside the radio for future
listening.
Z (Eject):
Press this button to stop a CD when it
is playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing.
Eject may be activated with either the ignition or radio
off. CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off
if this button is pressed first.
CD Messages
Listening to a DVD
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following
reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If your vehicle has the Rear Seat Entertainment (RSE)
system and a DVD is playing, the DVD symbol will
appear on the radio display indicating that the DVD is
available and can be listened to through your vehicle’s
speakers. To listen to the DVD, press the TAPE
DISC button until RSE appears on the radio display.
The current radio source will stop and the DVD sound
will come through the speakers. To stop listening to
the DVD, press the TAPE DISC button, if a cassette
tape or a CD is loaded, or press the BAND button
to select a different source.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
When the RSE system is turned off, the DVD symbol
will go off of the radio display and RSE OFF will appear
on the radio display. The radio will return to the last
radio source that you were listening to.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays
an error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-83
Radio with Six-Disc CD
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type
of programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
Base Radio Shown, Bose® Similar
If your vehicle is equipped with the Bose® audio
system, your vehicle will have six Bose® amplified
speakers.
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
3-84
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system
on and off.
VOLUME: Turn the knob to increase or to decrease
volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic
volume, your audio system will adjust automatically
to make up for road and wind noise as you drive
by increasing the volume as vehicle speed increases.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button
to select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear
on the display. Each higher setting will provide
more volume compensation as vehicle speed increases.
To turn automatic volume off, press this button until
AVOL OFF appears on the display.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Pressing this knob with the ignition off will display
the time.
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped),
press the RCL knob while in XM™ mode to retrieve
four different categories of information related to
the current song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category
or PTY, Channel Number/Channel Name.
To change the default on the display, press the RCL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob until the display flashes. The selected display
will now be the default.
3-85
Finding a Station
Setting Preset Stations
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1,
FM2, AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states,
if equipped). The display will show your selection.
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by
performing the following steps:
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
sSEEK t:
Press the right or the left arrow to go
to the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
sSCAN t:
Press and hold either SCAN arrow
for two seconds until SC appears on the display and
you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for
a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
either SCAN arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds. PRESET SCAN will
appear on the display and you will hear a double
beep. The radio will go to a preset station stored on
your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on
to the next preset station. Press either SCAN arrow
again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
3-86
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station
you set will return and the equalization that you
selected will be automatically stored for that
pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push the AUDIO knob until BASS or TREB
appears on the display. Turn the knob to increase or
to decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want
to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push the AUDIO knob until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select
BASS or TREB and push and hold the AUDIO knob.
The radio will produce one beep and adjust the display
level to zero.
To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers,
push and hold the AUDIO knob until FAD appears on
the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the
front or the rear speakers.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. CENTERED will
appear on the display and you will hear a beep.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle
position, select balance or fade and push and hold the
AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep and
adjust the display level to the middle position.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button
to select customized equalization settings designed
for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.
Selecting CUSTOM or changing bass or treble,
returns the EQ to the manual bass and treble settings.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker controls are displayed. CENTERED will
appear on the display and you will hear a beep.
The radio will save separate AUTO EQ settings for
each preset and source.
If you radio is equipped with the Bose audio system,
your equalization settings are either CUSTOM or TALK.
3-87
Finding a Program Type (PTY)
Station (RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program
type select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected
PTY will appear on the display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
SEEK arrow to select the PTY and take you to
the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press either SEEK arrow
once. If the PTY is not displayed, press either
SEEK arrow twice to display the PTY and then to
go to another station.
5. Press the P-TYPE button to exit program type
select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display, go
back to Step 1.
If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio will search
for stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
3-88
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold the
P-TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY
you want to interrupt with. When selected, an asterisk
will appear beside that PTY on the display. You
may select multiple interrupts if desired. When you are
listening to a CD, the last selected RDS station will
interrupt play if that selected program type format
is broadcast.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY will
appear on the display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and hold
either SCAN arrow, and the radio will begin
scanning the stations in the PTY.
4. Press either SCAN arrow to stop at a station.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will scan for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the PTY you
set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If the CD player is playing, play will
stop during the announcement. You will not be able
to turn off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
2. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY will
appear on the display.
3-89
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. The message may display
the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press
the INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words will
appear on the display with each press. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received. The old message can be displayed by
pressing the INFO button. You can view an old message
until a new message is received or a different station
is tuned to.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display,
the tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
To receive the traffic announcement from the tuned
station, press this button. Brackets will be displayed
around TRAF and when a traffic announcement comes
on the tuned radio station you will hear it.
3-90
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press this button and the radio
will seek to a station that does. When the radio finds
a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
the radio will stop and brackets will be displayed around
TRAF. When a traffic announcement comes on the
tuned radio station you will hear it. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
If the brackets are on the display and TRAF is not,
you can then press the TRAF button to remove
the brackets or use the TUNE knob or the SEEK arrows
to go to a station that supports traffic announcements.
If no station is found, NO TRAFFIC will appear on
the display.
Your radio will play the traffic announcement even if
the volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of
a CD if the last tuned station broadcasts traffic
announcements.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL
(Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating
encryption code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated,
and no action is required. This process should take no
longer than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
CH Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature
not available
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title
not available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
3-91
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Category Name
not available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this time
on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
XM Locked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label.
This label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Chk XMRcvr
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
3-92
Playing a CD
If you turn off the ignition or radio with the CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on
the ignition or the radio, the CD will start playing, where
it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
The CD player can play the smaller 8 cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
LOAD CD Z: Press the LOAD side of this button
to load CDs into the CD player. This CD player will hold
up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD side of the
LOAD CD button.
3. Wait for the light, located to the right of the slot,
to turn green.
4. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the display. If you select an equalization setting for your
CD, it will be activated each time you play a CD.
The CD will begin to play automatically.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
3-93
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD side of the LOAD CD
button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and the light, located to the
right of the slot, will begin to flash.
3. Once the light stops flashing and turns green, load
a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot, label side
up. The player will pull the CD in.
Once the CD is loaded, the light will begin flashing
again. Once the light stops flashing and turns green
you can load another CD. The CD player takes up to
six CDs. Do not try to load more than six.
To load more than one CD but less than six, complete
Steps 1 through 3. When you have finished loading
CDs, the radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on
the display. If more than one CD has been loaded,
a number for each CD will appear on the display.
If you select an equalization setting for your CD, it will
be activated each time you play a CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number
will appear on the display.
3-94
Playing a Specific Loaded CD
For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the
display. To play a specific CD, first press the CD AUX
button. Then press the numbered pushbutton that
corresponds to the CD you want to play. A small bar will
appear under the CD number that is playing, and the
track number will appear on the display.
If an error appears on the radio display, see
“CD Messages” later in this section.
LOAD CD Z (Eject): Press the CD eject side of this
button to eject a single CD or multiple CDs. To eject the
CD that is currently playing, press and release this
button. To eject multiple CDs, press and hold this button
for two seconds. You will hear a beep and the light will
flash to let you know when a CD is being ejected.
REMOVE CD will appear on the display. You can now
remove the CD. If the CD is not removed, after
25 seconds, the CD will be automatically pulled back into
the receiver. If you try to push the CD back into the
receiver, before the 25 second time period is complete,
the receiver will sense an error and will try to eject the CD
several times before stopping.
Do not repeatedly press the CD eject button to eject a CD
after you have tried to push it in manually. The receivers
25-second eject timer will reset at each press of eject,
which will cause the receiver to not eject the CD until the
25-second time period has elapsed.
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, you can repeat one track
or an entire CD. To use repeat, do the following:
Once the player stops and the CD is ejected, remove the
CD. After removing the CD, push the PWR knob off and
then on again. This will clear the CD-sensing feature and
enable CDs to be loaded into the player again.
• To repeat the CD you are listening to, press and
{ REV (Reverse):
• To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the
display. Press RPT again to turn off repeat play.
hold the RPT button for two seconds. RPT will
appear on the display. Press RPT again to turn
off repeat play.
Press and hold this button to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at
a reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear
on the display.
RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order, on one
CD or on all of the CDs. To use random, do one of
the following:
FWD | (Forward): Press and hold this button to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at
a reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play
the passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear
on the display.
random order, press and release the RDM button.
RANDOM ONE will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
• To play the tracks on the CD you are listening to in
• To play the tracks on all of the CDs that are loaded
in random order, press and hold the RDM button
for more than two seconds. RANDOM ALL will
appear on the display. Press RDM again to turn
off random play.
3-95
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press AUTO EQ
to select the desired equalization setting while playing
a CD. The equalization will be automatically set
whenever you play a CD. For more information on
AUTO EQ, see “AUTO EQ” listed previously in
this section.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. To change the default
on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob until the display flashes. The selected display
will now be the default.
sSEEK t: Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current track, if more than ten seconds have passed.
Press the right arrow to go to the next track. If you
press either arrow more than once, the player will
continue moving backward or forward through the CD.
BAND: Press this button to play the radio when a
CD(s) is in the player.
sSCAN t:
To scan one CD, press and hold
either SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until
SCAN appears on the display and you hear a beep.
Use this feature to listen to 10 seconds of each track of
the currently selected CD. Press either SCAN arrow
again, to stop scanning.
To scan all loaded CDs, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until CD SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of the first track of
each CD loaded. Press either SCAN arrow again,
to stop scanning.
3-96
Using Song List Mode
The six-disc CD changer has a feature called song list.
This feature is capable of saving 20 track selections.
To save tracks into the song list feature, perform
the following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on and load it with at least one
CD. See “LOAD CD” listed previously in this section
for more information.
2. Check to see that the CD changer is not in song
ist mode. S-LIST should not appear in the display.
If S-LIST is present, press the SONG LIST
button to turn it off.
3. Select the desired CD by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK SCAN right
arrow to locate the track that you want to save.
The track will begin to play.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button to save the
track into memory. When SONG LIST is pressed a
beep will be heard immediately. After two seconds
of continuously pressing SONG LIST, two beeps will
sound to confirm that the track has been saved.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
S-LIST FULL will appear on the display if you try to save
more than 20 selections.
To play the song list, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will appear on the
display. The recorded tracks will begin to play in
the order that they were saved.
You may seek through the song list by using the SEEK
SCAN arrows. Seeking past the last saved track will
return you to the first saved track.
To delete tracks from the song list, perform the
following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press the SEEK SCAN arrows to select the desired
track to be deleted.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button. When
SONG LIST is pressed, a beep will be heard
immediately. After two seconds of continuously
pressing the SONG LIST button, two beeps will be
heard to confirm that the track has been deleted.
After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the track will be added to the end of the list.
To delete the entire song list, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
3. Press and hold the SONG LIST button. A beep will
be heard, followed by two beeps after two seconds
and a final beep will be heard after four seconds.
S-LIST EMPTY will appear on the display indicating
that the song list has been deleted.
If a CD is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that CD, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song
list again are added to the bottom of the list.
To end song list mode, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will be removed from
the display.
3-97
CD Messages
Listening to a DVD
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display,
it could be for one of the following reasons:
If your vehicle has Rear Seat Entertainment (RSE)
system and a DVD is playing, the DVD symbol
will appear on the radio display indicating that the DVD
is available and can be listened to through your
vehicles speakers. To listen to the DVD, press the CD
AUX button until RSE appears on the radio display.
The current radio source will stop and the DVD sound
will come through the speakers. To stop listening to
the DVD, press the CD AUX button, if a CD is loaded,
or press the BAND button to select a different source.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smooth, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-98
When the RSE system is turned off, the DVD symbol
will go off of the radio display and RSE OFF will appear
on the radio display. The radio will return to the last
radio source that you were listening to.
Navigation/Radio System
The radio system can also communicate with your
navigation system to broadcast announcements
on traffic, weather, and emergency alert
communications. For information on how to use this
system, see the “Navigation System” manual.
Rear Seat Entertainment System
Your vehicle may have the optional Digital Versatile
Disc (DVD) Rear Seat Entertainment (RSE) system.
The RSE system includes a DVD player, a video display
screen, two sets of wireless headphones, and a
remote control.
Before You Drive
Navigation/Radio Display and Controls
Your vehicle may be equipped with a navigation radio
system includes digital sound processing (DSP),
Radio Data System (RDS) with program type (PTY)
selections that will seek out the kind of music you
want to listen to and XM™ Satellite Radio Service
capabilities (48 contiguous US states, if equipped).
The RSE system is for rear seat passengers. The driver
cannot safely view the video screen while driving and
should not try to do so.
3-99
DVD Player
The DVD player is located in the overhead console.
The DVD player can be controlled by the buttons on
the DVD player or by the buttons on the remote control.
See “Remote Control” later in this section for more
information.
The DVD player power may be turned on when the
ignition is in RUN, ACCESSORY, or when Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) is active.
The RSE system DVD player is only compatible with
DVDs of the appropriate DVD region code for the
country that the vehicle was sold in. The DVD region
code is printed on the jacket of most DVDs.
Standard audio CDs (CD-R and CD-RW discs) can also
be played in this DVD player.
When using the wired headphones, if the front seat
passengers play a CD in the Radio with Six-Disc CD
(if equipped) or use XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), you will hear the
audio for these sources, instead of the DVD or CD
that is currently playing through the RSE.
If an error message appears on the video screen,
see “DVD Messages” later in this section.
3-100
DVD Player Buttons
O(Power): Press this button to turn the RSE system
on or off. The power indicator light will illuminate
when the power is on.
X (Eject):
Press this button to eject a DVD or a CD.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to toggle between
the DVD player and an auxiliary source.
c(Stop):
Press this button to stop playing, rewinding,
or fast forwarding a DVD or CD. Press this button
twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
k (Play/Pause): Press this button to start play of a
DVD or CD. Press this button while a DVD or CD
is playing to pause it. Press this button again to continue
the play of the DVD or CD.
y (Main DVD Menu):
Press this button to access the
DVD menu. The DVD menu is different on every
DVD. Use the up, down, left, and right arrow buttons to
move the cursor around the DVD menu. After making
a selection press the enter button. This button only
operates when using a DVD.
z (Set-up Menu):
Press this button to adjust the
color, tint, brightness, contrast, and display mode
(normal, full, or zoom). The dynamic range compression
feature can be used to reduce loud audio and increase
low audio produced by some DVDs.
n, q, p, o (Menu Navigation Arrows):
Use the
arrow buttons to navigate through a menu.
r (Enter): Press this button to select the choices
that are highlighted in any menu.
Playing a Disc
To play a disc, gently insert the disc with the label side
up into the loading slot. The DVD player will continue
loading the disc and the player will automatically start,
if the vehicle ignition is in RUN, ACCESSORY, or
when RAP is active.
If a disc is already in the player, press the play/pause
button on the face of the DVD player or on the
remote control.
Some DVDs will not allow you to fast forward or skip
the copyright information or previews. Some DVDs will
begin playing after the previews have finished. If the
DVD does not begin to play the main title, refer to the
on-screen instructions, as the DVD may be displaying
its main title menu.
Stopping and Resuming Playback
To stop a disc, press and release the stop button on the
DVD player or the remote control. To resume playback,
press the play/pause button on the DVD player or
the remote control. As long as the disc has not been
ejected and the stop button has not been pressed twice,
the movie should resume play from where it was last
stopped. If the disc has been ejected, or if the stop
button has been pressed twice, the disc will resume play
at the beginning of the DVD or CD.
3-101
Ejecting a Disc
Press the eject button on the DVD player to eject
the disc.
If a disc is ejected from the player, but is not removed,
the DVD player will reload the disc after a short
period of time. The disc will then be stored in the DVD
player. The DVD player will not resume play of this
disc automatically.
There is not an eject button on the remote control.
DVD Messages
The following errors may be displayed on the video
screen:
Disc Format Error: This message will be displayed if a
disc is inserted upside down, not readable, or the
format is not compatible with the DVD player.
Load/Eject Error: This message will be displayed if the
disc is not properly loaded or ejected.
Disc Play Error: This message will be displayed if the
DVD player cannot play the disc. Scratched or
damaged discs will cause this error.
3-102
Region Code Error: This message will be displayed if
the region code of the DVD is not compatible with
the region code of the DVD player.
No Disc: This message will be displayed if any of the
buttons on the DVD faceplate or remote control are
pressed and no disc is present in the DVD player.
Parental Control Button: This button is located behind
the video screen. Press this button while a DVD or
CD is playing to freeze the video and mute the audio.
The video screen will display Parental Control ON
and the power indicator light on the DVD player will
flash. It will also disable all other button operations from
the remote control and the DVD player, with the
exception of the eject button. Press this button again to
restore operation of the DVD player.
This button may also be used to turn the DVD player
power on and automatically resume play if the ignition is
in RUN, ACCESSORY, or if RAP is active.
Video Screen
Remote Control
The video screen is located in the overhead console.
To use the video screen, push forward on the release
latch and the screen will fold down. Adjust the screen’s
position as desired. When the video screen is not in
use, push it up into its latched position.
To use the remote control, aim it at the infrared window
below the video screen and press the desired button.
Direct sunlight or very bright light may affect the ability of
the entertainment system to receive signals from the
remote control. If the remote control does not seem to
be working, the batteries may need to be replaced.
See “Battery Replacement” later in this section.
The DVD player and display will continue to operate
when the screen is in either the up or the down position.
The video screen contains the infrared transmitters for
the wireless headphones and the infrared receiver
for the remote control. If the screen is in the closed
position, the infrared signals will not be available for the
operation of the headphones or the remote control.
Notice: Directly touching the video screen may
damage it. Do not touch the screen. See Cleaning the
Video Screen on page 3-116 for more information.
Objects blocking the line of sight may also affect the
function of the remote control.
Notice: Do not store the remote control in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the remote
control and it would not be covered by your vehicles
warranty. Keep the remote control stored in a
cool, dry place.
3-103
Remote Control Buttons
z (Set-up Menu):
Press this button to adjust the
color, tint, brightness, contrast, and display mode
(normal, full, or zoom). The dynamic range compression
feature can be used to reduce loud audio and increase
low audio produced by some DVDs.
e (Audio):
Press this button to display a menu that
will only appear when a DVD is being played. The format
and content of this function is dependent on the disc.
r (Fast Reverse): Press this button to fast reverse
the DVD or CD. To stop fast reversing, press this button
again. This button may not work when the DVD is
playing the copyright information or the previews.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to toggle between
the DVD player and an auxiliary source.
O (Power): Press this button to turn the DVD player
on or off.
v (Title):
Press this button to return the DVD to the
main menu of the DVD.
n, q, p, o (Menu Navigation Arrows): Use the
arrow buttons to navigate through a menu.
3-104
c (Stop): Press this button to stop playing, rewinding,
or fast forwarding a DVD or CD. Press this button
twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
t (Previous Track/Chapter):
Press this button to
return to the start of the current track or chapter. Press
this button again to return to the previous track or
chapter. This button may not work when the DVD is
playing the copyright information or the previews.
1 through 0 (Numeric Keypad): The remote control
numeric keypad provides you with the capability of direct
chapter, title, and track number selection.
\:
Press this button, within 3 seconds after inputting
a numeric selection to clear all numeric inputs. Press
this button before inputting the number.
}10:
q (Return):
Press this button to exit the current
active menu and return to the previous menu. This
button will operate only when a DVD is being played
and a menu is active.
| (Camera Angle):
This button changes camera
angles on DVDs that have this feature when a DVD is
playing. The format and content of this function is
dependent on the disc.
Press the button, to select chapter, title, and
track numbers greater than 9. Press this button before
inputting the number.
{ (Subtitle):
P (Illumination): Press this button to turn the remote
control backlight on. The backlight will time out after
about 7 to 10 seconds if no other button is pressed while
the backlight is on.
[ (Fast Forward):
y (Main DVD Menu):
Press this button to access
the DVD menu. The DVD menu is different on every
DVD. Use the up, down, left, and right arrow buttons to
move the cursor around the DVD menu. After making
a selection press the enter button. This button only
operates when using a DVD.
r (Enter): Press this button to select the choices
that are highlighted in any menu.
This button turns on subtitles and
moves through subtitle options when a DVD is playing.
The format and content of this function is dependent
on the disc.
Press this button to fast forward
the DVD or CD. To stop fast forwarding, press this
button again. This button may not work when the DVD
is playing the copyright information or the previews.
s (Play/Pause):
Press this button to start play of a
DVD or CD. Press this button while a DVD or CD is
playing to pause it. Press this button again to continue
the play of the DVD or CD.
3-105
Slow Play: When the DVD is playing, press the pause
button then press the fast forward button. The DVD
will continue playing in a slow play mode. To cancel slow
play mode, press the play/pause button.
Headphones
u (Next Track/Chapter):
Press this button to advance
to the beginning of the next track or chapter. This button
may not work when the DVD is playing the copyright
information or the previews.
Each set of headphones has an ON/OFF control. An
indicator light will illuminate on the headphones when
they are on. If the light does not illuminate, the batteries
may need to be replaced. See “Battery Replacement”
following for more information.
Battery Replacement
Each set of headphones has a volume knob. To adjust
the volume, adjust this knob.
To change the batteries, do the following:
1. Remove the battery compartment door located on
the bottom of the remote control.
2. Replace the two AA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly, using
the diagram on the inside of the battery
compartment.
3. Close the battery door securely.
Notice: Do not store the remote control in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the remote
control and it would not be covered by your vehicles
warranty. Keep the remote control stored in a cool,
dry place.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long period
of time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
3-106
The RSE system includes two sets of wireless
headphones.
The headphones will automatically turn off if they lose
the infrared signal from the system after approximately
four minutes in order to preserve their battery power.
The signal may be lost if the system is turned off or if
the headphones are out of range of the infrared
signal transmitters that are located below the video
display screen.
When using the wired headphones, if the front seat
passengers play a CD in the Radio with Six-Disc CD
(if equipped) or use XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), you will hear the
audio for these sources, instead of the DVD or CD
that is currently playing through the RSE.
Battery Replacement
Stereo RCA Jacks
To change the batteries, do the following:
The RCA jacks are located behind the video screen.
The RCA jacks allow you to connect audio and
video from an auxiliary device such as a camcorder or
a video game unit to your RSE system. Standard
RCA cables are needed to connect the auxiliary device
to the RCA jacks. The yellow connector inputs video
and the red and white connectors input right and
left stereo audio. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions
for proper connection of your auxiliary device.
1. Loosen the screw on the battery compartment door
located on the left side of the headphone earpiece.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly, using
the diagram on the inside of the battery
compartment.
3. Tighten the screw to close the compartment door.
Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the headphones
and repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Keep the headphones stored in a cool, dry place.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long period
of time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
To use the auxiliary inputs on the RSE system, connect
an external auxiliary device to the color-coded RCA
jacks and turn both the auxiliary device and the
RSE system power on. If the RSE system had been
previously in the DVD player mode, pressing the SRCE
button on the faceplate or the remote control will
toggle the RSE system between the auxiliary device
and the DVD player.
3-107
How to Change the Video Format
when in the Auxiliary Mode
The auxiliary input video format is preset to NTSC.
In some countries, the video format may be in
PAL system. To change the video format, perform
the following:
1. Press the display menu button.
2. Press the down arrow button to highlight the
Video Format option.
3. Press the enter button to select Video Format.
4. Press the right or left arrow button to select
the desired video format.
5. Press the enter button to accept the change.
Audio Output
Audio from the DVD player or auxiliary inputs may
be heard through the following possible sources:
• Wireless Headphones
• Vehicle Speakers
• Vehicle wired headphone jacks on the
Rear Seat Audio system (if equipped)
3-108
The RSE system will always transmit the audio signal
by infrared to the wireless headphones, if there is audio
available. See “Headphones” previously for more
information.
The RSE system is capable of outputting audio to the
vehicle speakers by using the radio. The RSE
system may be selected as an audio source on the
radio if the RSE system power is on. Once the
RSE system is selected as an audio source on the radio
you may adjust the speaker volume on the radio. If
the RSE system power is not on, the RSE system will
not be an available source on the radio. Refer to
the radio information for the radio that your vehicle has
for more information.
The RSE system is capable of outputting audio to the
wired headphone jacks on the rear seat audio system
(if equipped). The RSE system may be selected as
an audio source on the rear seat audio system if
the RSE system power is on. Refer to Rear Seat
Audio (RSA) on page 3-111 for more information.
Problem
No power.
Disc will not play.
The picture does not
fill the screen. There
are black borders on
the top and bottom or
on both sides or it looks
stretched out.
Recommended Action
The ignition might not
be in on or accessory.
Check to make sure the
parental control button
has not been activated.
(The power indicator light
will flash if parental
control is active.)
The system might be off.
Check to make sure the
parental control button
has not been activated.
(The power indicator
light will flash if parental
control is active.)
The system might be in
auxiliary mode.
The disc is upside down
or is not compatible.
Check the display
mode settings in the
display menu.
Problem
The disc was ejected,
but it was pulled back
into the DVD player.
In auxiliary mode, the
picture moves or scrolls.
The language in the
audio or on the screen
is wrong.
The remote control
does not work.
Recommended Action
The disc is being stored
in the DVD player. Press
the eject button again to
eject the disc.
Check the auxiliary
input connections at both
devices.
Change the Video Format
to PAL or NTSC.
Check the audio or
language selection in
the main DVD menu.
Check to make sure there
is no obstruction between
the remote control and the
infrared window located
below the video screen.
Check the batteries to
make sure they are not
dead or installed
incorrectly.
Check to make sure the
parental control button
has not been activated.
(The power indicator light
will flash if parental
control is active.)
3-109
Problem
After stopping the player,
I push Play but
sometimes the DVD
starts where I left off
and sometimes at the
beginning.
The auxiliary source is
running but there is no
picture or sound.
My disc is stuck in the
player. The Load/Eject
button does not work.
3-110
Recommended Action
If the stop button was
pressed one time, the
DVD player will resume
playing where the DVD
was stopped. If the stop
button was pressed two
times the DVD player will
begin to play from the
beginning of the DVD.
Check that the DVD
player is in the auxiliary
source mode.
Check the auxiliary input
connections at both
devices.
Turn the DVD power off,
then on and press the
Load/Eject button on the
DVD player.
Do not attempt to forcibly
remove the disc from the
DVD player. This could
permanently damage the
disc and DVD player.
Problem
Sometimes the wireless
headphone audio cuts
out or buzzes.
I lost the remote and/or
the headphones.
The DVD is playing,
but there is no picture
or sound.
The audio/video skips
or jumps.
What is the best way to
clean the video screen?
The audio from the
radio for the Radio with
Six-Disc CD and XM™
has taken over the
audio from the DVD or
CD when using the
wired headphones.
Recommended Action
Check for obstructions,
low batteries, reception
range, and interference
from cellular telephone
towers or by using your
cellular telephone in
the vehicle.
Check that the
headphones are facing
the front of the vehicle.
See your dealer for
assistance.
Check that the DVD
player is in DVD mode.
The DVD or CD could
be dirty, scratched,
or damaged.
Wipe the video screen
with a damp, soft cloth.
The RSE is working
correctly.
Use the wireless
headphones or have
the front seat passengers
listen to another audio
source.
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to
any of the music sources: radio, cassette tapes, CDs,
or DVDs. The rear seat passengers can only control the
music sources that the front seat passengers are not
listening to. For example, rear seat passengers may
listen to a cassette tape or CD through headphones while
the driver listens to the radio through the front speakers.
The rear seat passengers have control of the volume for
each set of headphones. The front seat audio controls
always override the rear seat audio controls.
P (Power):
Press this button to turn the rear seat
audio system on or off. The rear speakers will be muted
when the power is turned on unless you have a Bose®
equipped vehicle. You may operate the rear seat audio
functions even when the primary radio power is off.
u (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to decrease
volume. The left volume knob controls the left headphone
and the right volume knob controls the right headphone.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to select an audio
source: radio, cassette tape, CD, or DVD. The inactive
tape, CD, or DVD will remain safely inside the radio
for future listening.
SEEK: Press this button to go to the next station and
stay there. The display will show your selection.
To scan preset stations, press and hold the SEEK
button. The radio will go to a preset station, play for a
few seconds, then go the next preset station. The
display will show your selections. The SEEK button is
inactive if the front radio is in use.
While listening to a cassette tape, press the SEEK
button to hear the next selection on the tape. Press and
hold the SEEK button to go to the other side of the
tape. The SEEK button is inactive if the tape mode on
the front radio is in use.
3-111
While listening to a CD, press the SEEK button to hear
the next track on the CD. The SEEK button is inactive
if the CD mode on the front radio is in use.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
(RDS Radios)
If your vehicle has the Radio with Six-Disc CD and
there is more than one CD loaded, press and hold the
SEEK button for 2 seconds to take you to the next CD.
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning
a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will
not operate and LOCKED will appear on the display.
Radio Personalization
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows the driver to
return to the last used audio source (radio, cassette
or CD) using the remote keyless entry transmitter.
This feature can also store and recall AM and FM
presets, volume, tone and the last selected radio station.
The number on the back of each transmitter (1 or 2)
corresponds to driver 1 or 2. If transmitter 1 is used to
enter the vehicle, the last used audio source and/or
settings set by driver 1 will be recalled. If transmitter 2
is used to enter the vehicle, the last used audio
source and/or settings set by driver 2 will be recalled.
3-112
When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking
red light indicates that THEFTLOCK® is armed.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
You can control certain radio functions using the buttons
on your steering wheel.
PROG (Program): Press this button to play a station
you have stored on the radio preset pushbuttons.
If a CD is playing in the CD changer, press this button
to go to the next available CD.
Q SOURCE R: Press this button to select FM1,
FM2, AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states,
if equipped), or a CD. If a CD is loaded the CD symbol
will appear on the display.
Q SEEK R:
Press the up or the down arrow to go to
the next or to the previous radio station and stay there.
If a CD is playing, press the up or the down arrow to
fast forward or reverse.
g (OnStar/Voice Recognition):
If your vehicle has
OnStar®, you can press this button to interact with
the OnStar® system. See the OnStar® manual provided
with your vehicle for more information.
Q VOL R (Volume): Press the up or the down arrow
to increase or to decrease volume.
If your vehicle does not have OnStar®, pressing this
button will mute the audio system.
3-113
DVD Distortion
You may experience audio distortion in the
IR headphones when operating cellular phones,
scanners, CB radios, Global Positioning Systems
(GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile fax, or walkie talkies.
It may be necessary to turn off the DVD player when
operating one of these devices in or near the vehicle.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ Satellite Radio gives you digital radio reception
from coast to coast. Just as with FM, tall buildings
or hills can interfere with satellite radio signals, causing
the sound to come and go. Your radio may display
NO SIGNAL to indicate interference.
* Excludes the OnStar® System.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Radio Reception
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight, and
extreme heat. If they are not, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can
pick up noise from things like storms and power lines.
Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
3-114
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN to
indicate that you have used your tape player for 50 hours
without resetting the tape clean timer. If this message
appears on the display, your cassette tape player needs
to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean
it as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes
and player. If you notice a reduction in sound quality,
try a known good cassette to see if the tape or the
tape player is at fault. If this other cassette has no
improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.
For best results, use a scrubbing action, non-abrasive
cleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape head as
the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. The recommended
cleaning cassette is available through your dealer.
After you clean the player, press and hold the EJT
button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator.
The radio will display CLEANED to show the indicator
was reset.
The broken tape detection feature of your cassette tape
player may identify the cleaning cassette as a damaged
tape, in error. To prevent the cleaning cassette from
being ejected, use the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button for five
seconds. READY will appear on the display and
a cassette symbol will flash for five seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
After the cleaning cassette is ejected, the broken tape
detection feature will be active again.
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen
a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to
clean the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette
will not eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner
may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type
cleaner. The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type
cleaning cassette is not recommended.
3-115
Care of Your CD and DVD Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised,
due to the risk of contaminating the lens of
the CD optics with lubricants internal to the
CD mechanism.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System (48 Contiguous US States)
Your XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and
ice build up for clear radio reception.
Cleaning the Video Screen
The performance of your XM™ system may be affected
if your sunroof is open.
Pour some isopropyl or rubbing alcohol on a clean
cloth and gently wipe the video screen. Do not
spray directly onto the screen and do not press
too hard or too long on the video screen.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can interfere
with the performance of your XM™ system. Make
sure that the XM™ satellite antenna is not obstructed.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car
washes without being damaged. If the mast should
ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by
hand. If the mast is badly bent, you should replace it.
Check occasionally to be sure the mast is still tightened
to the fender. If tightening is required, tighten by
hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.
3-116
Chime Level Adjustment
The volume level of the vehicle’s chimes can be
controlled by the radio. To change the volume level,
press and hold pushbutton 6 with the ignition on and
the radio power off. The chime volume level will change
from the normal level to loud, and LOUD will appear
on the display. To change back to the default or normal
setting, press and hold pushbutton 6 again. The
chime level will change from the loud level to normal,
and NORMAL will appear on the display.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunken Driving .............................................4-3
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-6
Braking .........................................................4-6
Traction Assist System (TAS) ...........................4-9
Locking Rear Axle ........................................4-11
Steering ......................................................4-11
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-13
Passing .......................................................4-13
Loss of Control .............................................4-15
Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle
Off Paved Roads .......................................4-16
Driving at Night ............................................4-29
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-31
City Driving ..................................................4-34
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-35
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-36
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-37
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-38
Winter Driving ..............................................4-40
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ........4-44
Towing ..........................................................4-45
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-45
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-45
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-46
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar Equipment .......4-53
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-53
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-7.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
4-2
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when the
vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task — such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call,
reading, or reaching for something on the floor — makes
proper defensive driving more difficult and can even
cause a collision, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger to
help do things like this, or pull off the road in a safe place
to do them yourself. These simple defensive driving
techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving
is a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it is
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There
are good medical, psychological and developmental
reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
4-3
According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb
(82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml)
bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC of about
0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by
drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three
mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors
like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example,
if the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the
person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person
who consumes food just before or during drinking will
have a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,
and how quickly the person drinks them.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in
one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to
react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows
that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash
injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal
cord or heart. This means that when anyone who has
been drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash,
that person’s chance of being killed or permanently
disabled is higher than if the person had not been
drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking.
Please do not drink and drive or ride with a
driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a
cab; or if you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that
is only an average. It might be less with one driver and as
long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age,
physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But
even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph
(100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of
distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space
between your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy);
tire tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice,
it is easy to ask more of those control systems than the
tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle. Also see Traction Assist
System (TAS) on page 4-9.
4-6
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. ABS is an advanced
electronic braking system that will help prevent a
braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive away,
your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on. This is normal.
If there is a problem with
the anti-lock brake system,
this warning light will
stay on. See Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-34.
Along with ABS, your vehicle has a Dynamic Rear
Proportioning (DRP) system. If there is a DRP problem,
both the brake and ABS warning lights will come on
accompanied by a 10-second chime. The lights and
chime will come on each time the ignition is turned on
until the problem is repaired. See your dealer for service.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If
one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each front wheel
and at both rear wheels.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel
the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise,
but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Assist System (TAS)
If your vehicle has two-wheel drive, it has a Traction
Assist System (TAS) that limits wheel spin. This
is especially useful in slippery road conditions. The
system operates only if it senses that one or both of the
rear wheels are spinning or beginning to lose traction.
When this happens, the system reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
The low traction symbol next to the button will come on
when the TAS is limiting wheel spin. You may feel or
hear the system working, but this is normal.
The Traction Assist System may operate on dry roads
under some conditions. When this happens, you
may notice a reduction in acceleration. This is normal
and doesn’t mean there’s a problem with your vehicle.
Examples of these conditions include a hard
acceleration in a turn, an abrupt upshift or downshift of
the transmission or driving on rough roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the TAS begins
to limit wheel spin, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. When road conditions allow you to safely
use it again, you may re-engage the cruise control.
4-9
See “Cruise Control” under Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-7. When the traction control off symbol
on the button is on, the TAS is off and will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
To turn the system on or off, press the TAS button
located near the shift lever. If you used the button to turn
the system off, the traction control off symbol on the
button will come on and stay on.
The traction control off symbol on the button will come
on under the following conditions:
You can turn the system back on at any time by
pressing the button again. The traction control off symbol
on the button should go off.
• The Traction Assist System is turned off, either by
pressing the TAS on/off button or by turning off
the automatic engagement feature of the TAS.
• The transmission is in FIRST (1) gear; TAS will not
operate in this gear. This is normal.
• The vehicle is driven on an extremely rough road.
When the vehicle leaves the rough surface, slows
down or stops, the light will go off and TAS will
be on again. This is normal.
• A Traction Assist System, Anti-Lock Brake System
or engine-related problem has been detected and
the vehicle needs service.
The Traction Assist System, as delivered from the
factory, will automatically come on whenever you start
your vehicle. To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery
road conditions, you should always leave the system on.
But you can turn the TAS off if you ever need to. You
should turn the TAS off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in
sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle is required.
4-10
If desired, you can change the TAS automatic
engagement feature so that the system will not come on
automatically when the engine is started. To do so:
1. Turn the ignition to RUN.
2. Move the shift lever to NEUTRAL.
3. Apply the brake pedal and press the accelerator
pedal to the floor.
4. Press and hold the TAS button for at least
six seconds.
5. Release the TAS button and both pedals.
6. Start the engine and wait a few seconds.
The next time you start your vehicle, the TAS will not
automatically come on. You can restore the automatic
feature by using the same procedure. Whether the TAS
is set to come on automatically or not, you can always
turn the system on or off by pressing the TAS button.
Locking Rear Axle
Your locking rear axle can give you additional traction on
snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a standard
axle most of the time, but when one of the rear wheels
has no traction and the other does, this feature will allow
the wheel with traction to move the vehicle.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you are
in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.
Power Steering
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding
the sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control. See Traction Assist
System (TAS) on page 4-9.
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer
but it will take much more effort.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you
want it to go, and slow down.
Steering Tips
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
Steering
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject
to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction.
If you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice,
you will understand this.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-11
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can not; there is not
room. That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 4-6. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you are driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to
go straight down the roadway.
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass,
wait for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
4-13
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and
do not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you
will have a “running start” that more than makes up
for the distance you would lose by dropping
back. And if something happens to cause you to
cancel your pass, you need only slow down
and drop back again and wait for another
opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder
and check the blind spot.
4-14
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder,
and start your left lane change signal before moving
out of the right lane to pass. When you are far
enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front
in your inside mirror, activate your right lane
change signal and move back into the right lane.
(Remember that your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.)
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing
the next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it
may be slowing down or starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes,
steering and acceleration) do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If you have the Traction Assist System, remember: It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid. If you do not have
this system, or if the system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration
or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” — and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-15
Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive
Vehicle Off Paved Roads
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have all-wheel
drive. If your vehicle does not have all-wheel drive, you
should not drive off-road unless you are on a level,
solid surface.
Many of the same design features that help make your
vehicle responsive on paved roads during poor
weather conditions — features like all-wheel
drive — help make it much better suited for off-road
use. Its higher ground clearance also helps your vehicle
step over some off-road obstacles. But your vehicle
does not have features like special underbody shielding
and a transfer case low gear range, things that are
usually thought necessary for extended or severe
off-road service.
Also, see Braking on page 4-6.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does have
some definite hazards. The greatest of these is
the terrain itself.
4-16
“Off-roading” means you have left the North American
road system behind. Traffic lanes are not marked.
Curves are not banked. There are no road signs.
Surfaces can be slippery, rough, uphill or downhill.
In short, you have gone right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that is
why it is very important that you read this guide. You will
find many driving tips and suggestions. These will
help make your off-road driving safer and more
enjoyable.
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things to do before you go out. For
example, be sure to have all necessary maintenance
and service work done. Check to make sure all
underbody shields (if so equipped) are properly
attached. Is there enough fuel? Is the spare tire fully
inflated? Are the fluid levels up where they should be?
What are the local laws that apply to off-roading
where you will be driving? If you do not know, you
should check with law enforcement people in the area.
Will you be on someone’s private land? If so, be
sure to get the necessary permission.
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road
Driving
There are some important things to remember about
how to load your vehicle.
CAUTION:
• Unsecured cargo on the load floor can be
• The heaviest things should be on the load floor and
forward of your rear axle. Put heavier items as far
forward as you can.
• Be sure the load is secured properly, so driving on
the off-road terrain does not toss things around.
{CAUTION:
(Continued)
•
tossed about when driving over rough
terrain. You or your passengers can be
struck by flying objects. Secure the cargo
properly.
Heavy loads on the roof raise the vehicle’s
center of gravity, making it more likely to
roll over. You can be seriously or fatally
injured if the vehicle rolls over. Put heavy
loads inside the cargo area, not on the
roof. Keep cargo in the cargo area as far
forward and low as possible.
• Cargo on the load floor piled higher than
the seatbacks can be thrown forward
during a sudden stop. You or your
passengers could be injured. Keep cargo
below the top of the seatbacks.
CAUTION:
You will find other important information in this manual.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-46, Luggage
Carrier on page 2-42 and Tires on page 5-59.
(Continued)
4-17
Environmental Concerns
Traveling to Remote Areas
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and satisfying
recreation. However, it also raises environmental
concerns. We recognize these concerns and urge every
off-roader to follow these basic rules for protecting
the environment:
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when going
to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan your
route. You are much less likely to get bad surprises.
Get accurate maps of trails and terrain. Try to learn of
any blocked or closed roads.
• Always use established trails, roads and areas that
It is also a good idea to travel with at least one other
vehicle. If something happens to one of them, the other
can help quickly.
have been specially set aside for public off-road
recreational driving; obey all posted regulations.
• Avoid any driving practice that could damage
the environment — shrubs, flowers, trees,
grasses — or disturb wildlife (this includes
wheel-spinning, breaking down trees or unnecessary
driving through streams or over soft ground).
• Always carry a liter bag — make sure all refuse is
removed from any campsite before leaving.
• Take extreme care with open fires (where permitted),
camp stoves and lanterns.
• Never park your vehicle over dry grass or other
combustible materials that could catch fire form the
heat of the vehicle’s exhaust system.
4-18
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It is a good idea to practice in an area that is safe
and close to home before you go into the wilderness.
Off- road driving does require some new and different
driving skills. Here is what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. Your
eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep the terrain
for unexpected obstacles. Your ears need to listen
for unusual tire or engine sounds. With your arms,
hands, feet and body, you will need to respond to
vibrations and vehicle bounce.
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful off-road
driving. One of the best ways to control your vehicle
is to control your speed. Here are some things to keep
in mind. At higher speeds:
• you approach things faster and you have less time
to scan the terrain for obstacles.
• you have less time to react.
• you have more vehicle bounce when you drive over
obstacles.
• you will need more distance for braking, especially
since you are on an unpaved surface.
{CAUTION:
When you are driving off-road, bouncing and
quick changes in direction can easily throw
you out of position. This could cause you to
lose control and crash. So, whether you’re
driving on or off the road, you and your
passengers should wear safety belts.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different kinds
of terrain. You need to be familiar with the terrain and
its many different features. Here are some things to
consider.
Surface Conditions: Off-roading can take you over
hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand, mud, snow
or ice. Each of these surfaces affects the steering,
acceleration and braking of your vehicle in different
ways. Depending upon the kind of surface you are on,
you may experience slipping, sliding, wheel spinning,
delayed acceleration, poor traction and longer braking
distances.
Surface Obstacles: Unseen or hidden obstacles can
be hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut or bump can startle
you if you are not prepared for them. Often these
obstacles are hidden by grass, bushes, snow or even
the rise and fall of the terrain itself. Here are some
things to consider:
• Is the path ahead clear?
• Will the surface texture change abruptly up ahead?
• Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
(There is more discussion of these subjects later.)
• Will you have to stop suddenly or change direction
quickly?
4-19
When you drive over obstacles or rough terrain, keep a
firm grip on the steering wheel. Ruts, troughs or
other surface features can jerk the wheel out of your
hands if you are not prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other obstacles,
your wheels can leave the ground. If this happens,
even with one or two wheels, you can not control the
vehicle as well or at all.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it is
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind of
alertness from driving on paved roads and highways.
There are no road signs, posted speed limits or
signal lights. You have to use your own good judgment
about what is safe and what is not.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on any
road. And this is certainly true for off-road driving.
At the very time you need special alertness and driving
skills, your reflexes, perceptions and judgment can
be affected by even a small amount of alcohol.
You could have a serious — or even fatal — accident if
you drink and drive or ride with a driver who has
been drinking. See Drunken Driving on page 4-3.
4-20
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down or across a
hill. Driving safely on hills requires good judgment
and understanding of what your vehicle can and can not
do. There are some hills that simply can not be driven,
no matter how well built the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any vehicle.
If you drive up them, you will stall. If you drive
down them, you can not control your speed.
If you drive across them, you will roll over.
You could be seriously injured or killed. If you
have any doubt about the steepness, do not
drive the hill.
Approaching a Hill
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if it is
one of those hills that is just too steep to climb, descend
or cross. Steepness can be hard to judge. On a very
small hill, for example, there may be a smooth, constant
incline with only a small change in elevation where
you can easily see all the way to the top. On a large hill,
the incline may get steeper as you near the top, but
you may not see this because the crest of the hill
is hidden by bushes, grass or shrubs.
Here are some other things to consider as you approach
a hill.
• Is there a straight path up or down the hill so you
will not have to make turning maneuvers?
• Are there obstructions on the hill that can block
your path (boulders, trees, logs or ruts)?
• What is beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out and walk
the hill if you do not know. It is the smart way to
find out.
• Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often have
ruts, gullies, troughs and exposed rocks because
they are more susceptible to the effects of erosion.
• Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get
sharply steeper in places?
• Is there good traction on the hillside, or will the
surface cause tire slipping?
4-21
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill, you
need to take some special steps.
• Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the steering
wheel.
• Get a smooth start up the hill and try to maintain
your speed. Do not use more power than you
need, because you do not want your wheels to
start spinning or sliding.
• Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
If the path twists and turns, you might want to
find another route.
{CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can be
dangerous. You could lose traction, slide
sideways, and possibly roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. When driving up
hills, always try to go straight up.
4-22
• Ease up on your speed as you approach the top
of the hill.
• Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more
visible to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
• Sound the horn as you approach the top of the
hill to let opposing traffic know you are there.
• Use your headlamps even during the day.
They make you more visible to oncoming traffic.
{CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full speed
can cause an accident. There could be a
drop-off, embankment, cliff, or even another
vehicle. You could be seriously injured or
killed. As you near the top of a hill, slow down
and stay alert.
Q: What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or is
about to stall, and I can not make it up
the hill?
A:
•
•
•
•
If this happens, there are some things you should
do, and there are some things you must not do?
First, here is what you should do:
Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle and keep
it from rolling backwards. Also, apply the parking
brake.
If your engine is still running, shift the transmission
to REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back down the hill in REVERSE (R).
If your engine has stopped running, you will need to
restart it. With the brake pedal pressed and the
parking brake still applied, shift the transmission to
PARK (P) and restart the engine. Then shift to
REVERSE (R), release the parking brake,
and slowly back down the hill as straight as possible
in REVERSE (R).
As you are backing down the hill, put your left hand
on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock position.
This way you will be able to tell if your wheels are
straight and maneuver as you back down. It is
best that you back down the hill with your wheels
straight rather than in the left or right direction.
Turning the wheel too far to the left or right
will increase the possibility of a rollover.
Here are some things you must not do if you stall,
or are about to stall, when going up a hill.
• Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting into
NEUTRAL (N) to “rev-up” the engine and regain
forward momentum. This will not work. Your vehicle
will roll backwards very quickly and you could go
out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop the vehicle.
Then apply the parking brake. Shift to
REVERSE (R), release the parking brake, and
slowly back straight down.
• Never attempt to turn around if you are about to
stall when going up a hill. If the hill is steep
enough to stall your vehicle, it is steep enough to
cause you to roll over if you turn around. If you can
not make it up the hill you must back straight
down the hill.
Q: Suppose, after stalling, I try to back downthe hill
and decide I just can not do it. What should I do?
A:
Set the parking brake, put your transmission in
PARK (P) and turn off the engine. Leave the
vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the uphill
side and stay clear of the path the vehicle
would take if it rolled downhill.
4-23
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you will want to
consider a number of things:
• How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to maintain
vehicle control?
• What’s the surface like? Smooth? Rough? Slippery?
Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
• Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts? Logs?
Boulders?
• What is at the bottom of the hill? Is there a there
a hidden creek bank or even a river bottom with
large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then try to
keep your vehicle headed straight down, and use a
low gear. This way, engine drag can help your brakes
and they will not have to do all the work. Descend
slowly, keeping your vehicle under control at all times.
4-24
{CAUTION:
Heavy braking when going down a hill can
cause your brakes to overheat and fade.
This could cause loss of control and a
seriousaccident. Apply the brakes lightly
when descending a hill and use a low gear
to keep vehicle speed under control.
Q: Are there some things I should not do when
driving down a hill?
A:
•
•
Yes! These are important because if you ignore
them you could lose control and have a serious
accident.
When driving downhill, avoid turns that take you
across the incline of the hill. A hill that is not too
steep to drive down may be too steep to drive
across. You could roll over if you do not drive
straight down.
Never go downhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called “free wheeling.”
Your brakes will have to do all the work and
could overheat and fade.
Q: Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
A: It is much more likely to happen going uphill.
•
•
•
•
But if it happens going downhill, here is what to do.
Stop your vehicle by applying the regular brakes.
Apply the parking brake.
Shift to PARK (P) and, while still braking, restart
the engine.
Shift back to a low gear, release the parking brake,
and drive straight down.
If the engine will not start, get out and get help.
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go
across the incline of a hill. If this happens, you have
to decide whether to try to drive across the incline.
Here are some things to consider:
• A hill that can be driven straight up or down may
be too steep to drive across. When you go
straight up or down a hill, the length of the wheel
base (the distance from the front wheels to the rear
wheels) reduces the likelihood the vehicle will
tumble end over end. But when you drive across
an incline, the much more narrow track width
(the distance between the left and right wheels)
may not prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling
over. Also, driving across an incline puts more
weight on the downhill wheels. This could cause a
downhill slide or a rollover.
• Surface conditions can be a problem when you
drive across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy spots,
or even wet grass can cause your tires to slip
sideways, downhill. If the vehicle slips sideways,
it can hit something that will trip it (a rock, a rut, etc.)
and roll over.
4-25
• Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of the
incline even worse. If you drive across a rock with the
uphill wheels, or if the downhill wheels drop into a rut
or depression, your vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide carefully
whether to try to drive across an incline. Just because the
trail goes across the incline does not mean you have to
drive it. The last vehicle to try it might have rolled over.
{CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that is too steep will
make your vehicle roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any
doubt about the steepness of the incline, do
not drive across it. Find another route instead.
4-26
Q: What if I am driving across an incline that is not
too steep, but I hit some loose gravel and start
to slide downhill. What should I do?
A:
If you feel your vehicle starting to slide sideways,
turn downhill. This should help straighten out the
vehicle and prevent the side slipping. However,
a much better way to prevent this is to get out and
“walk the course” so you know what the surface
is like before you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you are crossing an incline,
be sure you (and your passengers) get out on the uphill
side, even if the door there is harder to open. If you
get out on the downhill side and the vehicle starts to roll
over, you will be right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the path
the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
{CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a
vehicle stopped across an incline is dangerous.
If the vehicle rolls over, you could be crushed
or killed. Always get out on the uphill (high)
side of the vehicle and stay well clear of the
rollover path.
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow or sand, your wheels
will not get good traction. You can not accelerate
as quickly, turning is more difficult, and you will need
longer braking distances.
It is best to use a low gear when you are in mud — the
deeper the mud, the lower the gear. In really deep
mud, the idea is to keep your vehicle moving so you
do not get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you will sense a change in
wheel traction. But it will depend upon how loosely
packed the sand is. On loosely packed sand (as on
beaches or sand dunes) your tires will tend to sink into
the sand. This has an effect on steering, accelerating and
braking. Drive at a reduced speed and avoid sharp turns
or abrupt maneuvers.
4-27
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire traction.
On these surfaces, it is very easy to lose control.
On wet ice, for example, the traction is so poor that you
will have difficulty accelerating. And, if you do get
moving, poor steering and difficult braking can cause
you to slide out of control.
{CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds or rivers can be
dangerous. Underwater springs, currents under
the ice, or sudden thaws can weaken the ice.
Your vehicle could fall through the ice and you
and your passengers could drown. Drive your
vehicle on safe surfaces only.
Driving in Water
Heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood waters
demand extreme caution.
Find out how deep the water is before you drive through
it. If it is deep enough to cover your wheel hubs,
axles or exhaust pipe, do not try it — you probably will
not get through. Also, water that deep can damage
your axle and other vehicle parts.
4-28
If the water is not too deep, drive slowly through it.
At faster speeds, water splashes on your ignition system
and your vehicle can stall. Stalling can also occur if you
get your tailpipe under water. And, as long as your
tailpipe is under water, you will never be able to start your
engine. When you go through water, remember that when
your brakes get wet, it may take you longer to stop.
{CAUTION:
Driving through rushing water can be
dangerous. Deep water can sweep your vehicle
downstream and you and your passengers
could drown. If it is only shallow water, it can
still wash away the ground from under your
tires, and you could lose traction and roll
the vehicle over. Do not drive through rushing
water.
See Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads on page 4-31
for more information on driving through water.
After Off-Road Driving
Driving at Night
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on the
underbody, chassis or under the hood. These
accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake linings
cleaned and checked. These substances can cause
glazing and uneven braking. Check the body structure,
steering, suspension, wheels, tires and exhaust
system for damage. Also, check the fuel lines and
cooling system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service due to
off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
for additional information.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-29
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Since you can not see as well, you may need
to slow down and keep more space between
you and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your headlamps can light up only so much
road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe
place and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes
will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you
are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They may
cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
4-30
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes
moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly lighted
objects. Just as your headlamps should be checked
regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes be
examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and are
not even aware of it.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can not stop, accelerate or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road
and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-31
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can not, try to slow down before
you hit them.
4-32
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build
up under your tires that they can actually ride on
the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough
and you are going fast enough. When your vehicle
is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.
If you can not avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of
flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle.
CAUTION:
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 5-59.
(Continued)
4-33
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-35.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-34
Freeway Driving
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
4-35
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit,
do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up.
Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer,
not to your sense of motion. After driving for any
distance at higher speeds, you may tend to think
you are going slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
4-36
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you will find experienced and able service experts in
GM dealerships all across North America. They will
be ready and willing to help if you need it.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
checked all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to
the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the
wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness,
or whatever.
Then here are some tips:
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the
wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can
leave the road in less than a second, and you could
crash and be injured.
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with
a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-37
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable. See Operating
Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle Off Paved Roads on
page 4-16 for information about driving off-road.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transmission. These parts can work hard
on mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you
go down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
4-38
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your vehicle in
gear when you go downhill.
•
•
•
a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transmission, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
4-39
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies
in your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 5-59.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be
driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
4-40
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to
very careful.
What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is
about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow — drive with caution.
If you have traction assist, keep the system on. It will
improve your ability to accelerate when driving on
a slippery road. But you can turn the traction system off
if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud, ice or
snow. See If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
on page 4-44. Even though your vehicle has a traction
system, you will want to slow down and adjust your
driving to the road conditions. See Traction Assist
System (TAS) on page 4-9.
If you do not have a traction system, accelerate gently.
Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
4-41
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.
Even though you have an anti-lock braking system,
you will want to begin stopping sooner that you would
on dry pavement. See Braking on page 4-6.
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until
you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can not reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass
may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake
before you are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
4-42
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can not
see it or smell it, so you might not know it
is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially
any that is blocking your exhaust pipe.
And check around again from time to time
to be sure snow does not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of
the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-43
This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps
the battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery
to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can
get out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous
exercises every half hour or so until help comes.
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to
spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you are stuck, but
you must use caution.
4-44
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transmission or other parts
of the vehicle can overheat. That could cause
an engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transmission
back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 5-75.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release
the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly
on the accelerator pedal when the transmission is
in gear. By slowly spinning your wheels in the forward
and reverse directions, you will cause a rocking
motion that may free your vehicle. If that does not get
you out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out.
If you do need to be towed out, see Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-45.
Towing
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle — such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle
with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with any of
its wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be
towed, see “Towing Your Vehicle” earlier in this section.
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service
if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed.
See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
4-45
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification/Tire label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
The Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the center pillar, near the driver’s door latch. Vehicles
without a center pillar will have the Tire and Loading
Information label attached to the driver’s door edge.
This label lists the number of people that can be in your
vehicle and the total weight it can carry. This weight
is called the vehicle capacity weight.
The Tire and Loading Information label also tells you
the size and recommended inflation pressure for
the original equipment tires on your vehicle. For more
information on tires and inflation see Tires on page 5-59
and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-67.
4-46
If your vehicle does not have the Tire and Loading
Information label, the Certification/Tire label shows the
tire size and recommended inflation pressures
needed to obtain the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for
the front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX
pounds” on your vehicle placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the
“XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five
150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs. (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
See Towing a Trailer on page 4-53 for important
information on towing a trailer, towing safety rules
and trailering tips.
4-47
Example 1
Example 2
Loading Your Vehicle
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
Total
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 1 =
1,000 lbs.
(453 kg)
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 2 =
1,000 lbs.
(453 kg)
B
Subtract
Occupant Weight
150 lbs. (68 kg) × 2 =
300 lbs.
(136 kg)
B
Subtract
Occupant Weight
150 lbs. (68 kg) × 5 =
750 lbs.
(340 kg)
C
Available Occupant
and Cargo Weight =
700 lbs.
(317 kg)
C
Available
Cargo Weight =
250 lbs.
(113 kg)
4-48
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information label
for specific information about your vehicle’s capacity
weight and seating positions. The combined weight of the
driver, passengers and cargo should never exceed your
vehicle’s capacity weight.
Example 3
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 3 =
1,000 lbs.
(453 kg)
B
Subtract
Occupant Weight
200 lbs. (91 kg) × 5 =
1,000 lbs.
(453 kg)
C
Available
Cargo Weight =
0 lbs.
(0 kg)
4-49
Certification/Tire Label
This is called the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all
occupants, fuel, cargo and trailer tongue weight, if pulling
a trailer.
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual loads
on your front and rear axles, you need to go to a
weigh station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can
help you with this. Be sure to spread out your load
equally on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.
The Certification/Tire label is found on the driver’s door
edge, above the door latch. The label shows the size
of your original tires and the inflation pressures needed
to obtain the gross weight capacity of your vehicle.
4-50
Similar appearing vehicles may have different GVWRs
and payloads. Please note your vehicle’s
Certification/Tire label or consult your dealer for
additional details.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn,
or in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo area of your
vehicle. Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your vehicle’s weight ratings.
Ask your dealer to help you load your vehicle the
right way.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle-like suitcases, tools,
packages, or anything else-they will go as fast as the
vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
if there’s a crash, they’ll keep going.
There’s also important loading information for off-road
driving in this manual.
4-51
Electronically Controlled Air
Suspension System
This system automatically keeps your vehicle level as
you load and unload. The system includes a
compressor, two height sensors and two air springs
supporting the rear axle.
The system also has an internal clock to prevent
overheating. If the system overheats, all leveling function
stops until the system cools down. During this time, the
indicator light on the air inflator system will be flashing.
The ignition has to be on for the system to inflate, in
order to raise the vehicle to the standard ride height after
loading. The system can lower the vehicle to the
standard ride height after unloading with the ignition on
and also for up to 30 minutes after the ignition has
been turned off.
You may hear the compressor operating when you load
your vehicle, and periodically as the system adjusts
the vehicle to the standard ride height.
Load leveling will not function normally with the inflator
hose attached to the inflator outlet. Remove the inflator
hose from the outlet during loading and unloading.
If the vehicle is parked for an extended period of time,
some bleed down of the suspension is normal. Upon
starting the vehicle, proper height will be achieved.
4-52
Overload Protection
The air suspension system is equipped with overload
protection. Overload protection is designed to protect the
air suspension system, and it is an indicator to the
driver that the vehicle is overloaded. When the overload
protection mode is on, it will not allow damage to the
air compressor. However, do not overload the vehicle.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
If the suspension remains at a low height, the rear axle
load has exceeded GAWR (Gross Axle Weight
Rating). When the overload protection mode is activated,
the compressor operates for about 30 seconds to one
minute without raising the vehicle depending on the
amount of overload. This will continue each time
the ignition is turned on until the rear axle load is
reduced below GAWR.
Indicator Light
The indicator light on the inflator switch in the rear
passenger compartment also serves as an indicator for
internal system error. If the indicator light is flashing
without the load leveling function or the inflator being
active, turn off the ignition. The next day turn on
the ignition and check the indicator light. The vehicle
can be driven with the light flashing, but if it is you
should have the vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar
Equipment
Your vehicle was neither designed nor intended for a
snow plow.
Notice: Adding a snow plow or similar equipment
to your vehicle can damage it, and the repairs would
not be covered by warranty. Do not install a snow
plow or similar equipment on your vehicle.
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even
at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. Pull a trailer only if you have
followed all the steps in this section. Ask your
dealer for advice and information about towing
a trailer with your vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage
your vehicle and result in costly repairs that would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the instructions in this section and check with your
dealer for more information about towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
To identify the trailering capacity of your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section.
Trailering is different than just driving your vehicle by
itself. Trailering means changes in acceleration, braking,
handling, durability and fuel economy. Successful,
safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be
used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of
these are important for your safety and that of your
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
you pull a trailer.
4-53
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches” later
in this section.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
4-54
• You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift
the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a
lower gear selection if the transmission shifts
too often (e.g., under heavy loads and/or hilly
conditions).
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• the weight of the trailer,
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how
much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any special equipment that
you have on your vehicle.
Vehicle
2WD (L6 Engine)
AWD (L6 Engine)
Axle Ratio
Max.Trailer Wt.
*GCWR
3.73
5,700 lbs. (2 585 kg)
10,500 lbs. (4 763 kg)
4.10
6,200 lbs. (2 812 kg)
11,000 lbs. (4 990 kg)
3.73
5,500 lbs. (2 495 kg)
10,500 lbs. (4 763 kg)
4.10
6,100 lbs. (2 767 kg)
11,000 lbs. (4 990 kg)
2WD (V8 Engine)
3.73
6,700 lbs. (3 039 kg)
11,500 lbs. (5 216 kg)
AWD (V8 Engine)
3.73
6,500 lbs. (2 948 kg)
11,500 lbs. (5 216 kg)
The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is the
total allowable weight of the completely loaded
vehicle and trailer including any passengers, cargo,
equipment and conversion. The GCWR for your vehicle
should not be exceeded.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at the address listed in your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet.
4-55
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. If you have a lot of options, equipment,
passengers or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the
tongue weight your vehicle can carry, which will
also reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow.
And if you will tow a trailer, you must add the tongue
load to the GVW because your vehicle will be carrying
that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle for more
information about your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent to
15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight, up to a
maximum or 400 lbs. (181 kg) with a weight carrying
hitch. The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent
to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight, up to a
maximum of 900 lbs. (408 kg) with a weight distributing
hitch.
Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue weight
for your vehicle. Choose the shortest hitch extension
that will position the hitch ball closest to the vehicle.
This will help reduce the effect of trailer tongue weight
on the rear axle.
4-56
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights
are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them
right simply by moving some items around in the
trailer.
Weight Distributing Hitches and Weight
Carrying Hitches
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Certification label at the rear edge of the driver’s door
or see Loading Your Vehicle for more information.
Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your
vehicle, or the GAWR, including the weight of the
trailer tongue. If you use a weight distributing hitch,
make sure you don’t go over the rear axle limit before
you apply the weight distribution spring bars.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
(A) Body to Ground Distance, (B) Front of Vehicle
When using a weight-distributing hitch, the hitch must
be adjusted so the distance (A) remains the same both
before and after coupling the trailer to the tow vehicle.
If you use a step-bumper hitch, the bumper could
be damaged in sharp turns. Make sure there is ample
room when turning to avoid contact between the
trailer and the bumper.
4-57
If you will be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 5,000 lbs (2 270 kg) be sure to use a
properly mounted weight-distributing hitch and sway
control of the proper size. This equipment is very
important for proper vehicle loading and good handling
when driving. Always use a sway control if the trailer
will weigh more than these limits. You can ask a
hitch dealer about sway controls.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the
tongue of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from
contacting the road if it becomes separated from the
hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided
by the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with your
rig. Never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
4-58
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,500 lbs. (680 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes — and they must
be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust
and maintain them properly.
Your trailer’s brake system can tap into the vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system only if:
• The trailer parts can withstand 3,000 psi
(20 650 kPa) of pressure.
• The trailer’s brake system will use less than
0.02 cubic inch (0.3 cc) of fluid from your vehicle’s
master cylinder. Otherwise, both braking systems
won’t work well. You could even lose your brakes.
If everything checks out this far, then make the brake
fluid tap at the port on the master cylinder that
sends fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t use copper
tubing for this. If you do, it will bend and finally break
off. Use steel brake tubing.
Driving with a Trailer
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon
monoxide (CO) could come into your vehicle.
You can not see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness or death. See Engine
Exhaust on page 2-29. To maximize your safety
when towing a trailer:
• Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
• Keep the rear-most windows closed.
• If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main
heating or cooling system on and with
the fan on any speed. This will bring
fresh, outside air into your vehicle.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
Do not use the climate control setting for
maximum air because it only recirculates
the air inside your vehicle. See Dual
Automatic Climate Control System on
page 3-20.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connection, lamps,
tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
4-59
Following Distance
Making Turns
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
Passing
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft shoulders,
curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or
sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when you’re
towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal longer,
you’ll need to go much farther beyond the passed vehicle
before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
4-60
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you
start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much
that they would get hot and no longer work well.
You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the
transmission to THIRD (3) or a lower gear, under heavy
loads or hilly conditions.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades,
consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a lower
temperature than at normal altitudes. If you turn your
engine off immediately after towing at high altitude
on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let the
engine run while parked (preferably on level ground)
with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a
few minutes before turning the engine off. If you do
get the overheat warning, see Engine Overheating
on page 5-29.
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with
a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet. When parking uphill, turn your wheels
away from the curb. When parking downhill, turn
your wheels into the curb.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake, and then shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-61
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal
down while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
4-62
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, axle lubricant, belt(s), cooling system and
brake system. Each of these is covered in this manual,
and the Index will help you find them quickly. If you’re
trailering, it’s a good idea to review these sections before
you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Trailer Wiring Harness
The seven-wire harness contains the following trailer
circuits:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Yellow: Left Stop/Turn Signal
Dark Green: Right Stop/Turn Signal
Brown: Running Lamps
White: Ground
Light Green: Back-up Lamps
Red: Battery Feed
Dark Blue: Electric Brakes
If you need to tow a light-duty trailer with a standard
four-way round pin connector, an adapter connector is
available from your dealer.
Your vehicle is equipped with a seven-wire trailer towing
harness. This harness has a seven-pin universal
heavy-duty trailer connector that is attached to a bracket
on the hitch platform.
Your vehicle is also equipped with wiring for an electric
trailer brake controller. These wires are located inside
the vehicle on the driver’s side under the instrument
panel. These wires should be connected to an electric
trailer brake controller by your dealer or a qualified
service center.
4-63
✍ NOTES
4-64
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle ...........................................5-4
Fuel ................................................................5-4
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-5
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-6
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-7
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-8
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................5-11
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-12
Hood Release ..............................................5-12
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-14
Engine Oil ...................................................5-18
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-23
Automatic Transmission Fluid .........................5-24
Engine Coolant .............................................5-27
Radiator Pressure Cap ..................................5-29
Engine Overheating .......................................5-29
Cooling System ............................................5-32
Engine Fan Noise .........................................5-38
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-39
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-40
Brakes ........................................................5-41
Battery ........................................................5-44
Jump Starting ...............................................5-45
All-Wheel Drive ..............................................5-51
Rear Axle .......................................................5-51
Front Axle ......................................................5-53
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-54
Headlamps ..................................................5-54
Taillamps and Turn Signal Lamps ...................5-54
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-55
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-56
Tires ..............................................................5-59
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-67
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-68
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-70
Buying New Tires .........................................5-71
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-72
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-73
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-74
Tire Chains ..................................................5-75
Accessory Inflator .........................................5-76
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-78
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-79
Spare Tire ...................................................5-92
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Appearance Care ............................................5-92
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................5-93
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-96
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-96
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle ....................................................5-96
Sheet Metal Damage .....................................5-99
Finish Damage .............................................5-99
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-99
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-99
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................5-100
5-2
Vehicle Identification .....................................5-101
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ................5-101
Service Parts Identification Label ...................5-101
Electrical System ..........................................5-102
Add-On Electrical Equipment .........................5-102
Headlamps .................................................5-102
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................5-102
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......5-102
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ..........................5-103
Capacities and Specifications ........................5-113
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain and/or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and systems
(including some inside the vehicle), many fluids, and
some component wear by-products contain and/or emit
these chemicals.
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to do some of your own service work, you will
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-12.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-55.
5-3
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-16.
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
5-4
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle
can affect the airflow around it. This may cause
wind noise and affect windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer before adding equipment to
the outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of 87
or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a
heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this occurs,
use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as
possible. Otherwise, you might damage your engine.
A little pinging noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is
considered normal. This does not indicate a problem
exists or that a higher-octane fuel is necessary. If you are
using 87 octane or higher-octane fuel and hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service.
Gasoline Specifications
Canada Only
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide
Fuel Charter which is available from the Alliance
of Automobile Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
5-5
California Fuel
Additives
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label),
it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn
on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-35 ) and
your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs,
return to your authorized GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is
determined that the condition is caused by the type of fuel
used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work properly.
You should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the minimum
amount of additive required to meet U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency regulations. General Motors
recommends that you buy gasolines that are advertised
to help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean. If your
vehicle experiences problems due to dirty injectors or
valves, try a different brand of gasoline.
5-6
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available
in your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly
if they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel
that contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors
does not recommend the use of such gasolines.
Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark
plugs and the performance of the emission control
system may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
GM dealer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
5-7
Filling Your Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
5-8
The fuel cap is located behind a hinged door on the
driver’s side of your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly. This
spray can happen if your tank is nearly full, and
is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel cap
slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop.
Then unscrew the cap all the way.
While refueling, hang the fuel cap by the tether using
the hook located on the inside of the filler door.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
Be careful not to spill fuel. Don’t top off or overfill your
tank, and wait a few seconds after you’ve finished
pumping before you remove the nozzle. Clean fuel from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-96.
5-9
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make
sure you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system
can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or
improperly installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate
into the atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 3-35.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel
by shutting off the pump or by notifying the
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
5-10
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you
get the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light and
may damage your fuel tank and emissions system.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-35.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury
to you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
CAUTION:
•
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
(Continued)
5-11
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
5-12
Hood Release
1. To open the hood,
first pull the handle
located inside the
vehicle on the lower
driver’s side of
the instrument panel.
3. Lift the hood; release the hood prop from its
retainer and put the hood prop into the slot in
the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. Then lift the hood to relieve pressure on the
hood prop. Remove the hood prop from its slot in the
hood and return the prop to its retainer. Then pull the
hood down firmly to close. It will latch when dropped from
6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) without pressing on the hood.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release.
5-13
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the L6 engine, you’ll see the following:
5-14
A. Coolant Recovery Tank.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-27.
B. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
on page 5-23.
C. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir.
See Windshield Washer Fluid
on page 5-40.
D. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir.
See Power Steering Fluid
on page 5-39.
E. Automatic Transmission Dipstick.
See Automatic Transmission Fluid
on page 5-24.
G. Radiator Pressure Cap.
See Radiator Pressure Cap
on page 5-29.
H. Engine Oil Fill Cap.
See Engine Oil on page 5-18.
I. Remote Negative (–) TerminalMarked GND.
See Jump Starting on page 5-45.
J. Brake Master Cylinder.
See Brakes on page 5-41.
K. Battery.
See Battery on page 5-44.
L. Engine Compartment Fuse Block.
See “Engine Compartment Fuse Block” under
Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-103.
F. Engine Oil Dipstick.
See Engine Oil on page 5-18.
5-15
When you open the hood on the V8 engine, you’ll see the following:
5-16
A. Coolant Recovery Tank.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-27.
B. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
on page 5-23.
C. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir.
See Windshield Washer Fluid
on page 5-40.
D. Engine Oil Dipstick.
See Engine Oil on page 5-18.
E. Automatic Transmission Dipstick.
See Automatic Transmission Fluid
on page 5-24.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap.
See Engine Oil on page 5-18.
G. Radiator Pressure Cap.
See Radiator Pressure Cap
on page 5-29.
H. Remote Negative (-) Terminal Marked GND.
See Jump Starting on page 5-45.
I. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir.
See Power Steering Fluid on page 5-39.
J. Brake Master Cylinder.
See Brakes on page 5-41.
K. Engine Compartment Fuse Block.
See “Engine Compartment Fuse block” under
Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-103.
L. Battery.
See Battery on page 5-44.
5-17
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-14 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil
dipstick might not show the actual level.
L6 Engine
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
V8 Engine
5-18
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the L mark for the L6 engine or
the cross-hatched area at the tip of the dipstick for
the V8 engine, then you will need to add at least one
quart of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section
explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil
crankcase capacity, see Capacities and Specifications
on page 5-113.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above the
F mark that shows the proper operating range
for the L6 engine or above the cross-hatched area
for the V8 engine, your engine could be damaged.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-14
for the location of the
engine oil fill cap.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere
in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all
the way back in when you are through.
5-19
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. You should look for and use
only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
5-20
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle. However, if it is going to be
0°F (–18°C) or above and SAE 5W-30 is not
available, you may use SAE 10W-30.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should
also have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM6094M are all you will need for good performance
and engine protection.
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
5-21
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System)
How to Reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL
Light
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly, you
must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change your
engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime your
oil is changed, reset the system so it can calculate when
the next oil change is required. If a situation occurs where
you change your oil prior to a CHANGE ENGINE OIL light
being turned on, reset the system.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is necessary.
A CHANGE ENGINE OIL light will come on. Change your
oil as soon as possible within the next two times you stop
for fuel. It is possible that, if you are driving under the best
conditions, the oil life system may not indicate that an oil
change is necessary for over a year. However, your
engine oil and filter must be changed at least once a year
and at this time the system must be reset. Your dealer
has GM-trained people who will perform this work using
genuine GM parts and reset the system. It is also
important to check your oil regularly and keep it at the
proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your
last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system
whenever the oil is changed.
5-22
To reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL light, do the
following:
1. Turn the ignition key to RUN with the engine off.
2. Fully press and release the accelerator pedal slowly
three times within five seconds.
3. Turn the key to LOCK.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL light comes back on when
you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system has
not reset. Repeat the procedure.
For vehicles with the Driver Information Center, see
Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-43 to reset
the system.
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long.
Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it
to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem
properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer,
a service station or a local recycling center for help.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-14
for the location of the
engine air cleaner/filter.
When to Inspect
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at every oil change
and replace at the first oil change after
25,000 miles (40 000 km).
5-23
How to Inspect
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake filter to release loose dust
and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt, a new
filter is required.
To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire
can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt
can easily get into your engine, which will damage
it. Always have the air cleaner/filter in place
when you are driving.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
1. Remove the screws on the engine cleaner/filter and
lift off the cover.
When to Check and Change
2. Remove the air cleaner/filter from the housing. Care
should be taken to dislodge as little dirt as possible.
A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
3. Install the new engine air cleaner/filter.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
4. Reinstall the cover and tighten the screws.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The
air cleaner not only cleans the air, it helps to
stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is not
there and the engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and be careful
working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
5-24
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
• In hilly or mountainous terrain.
• When doing frequent trailer towing.
• Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter every
100,000 miles (166 000 km).
How to Check
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service
department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage
your transmission. Too much can mean that some
of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
part or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if
you check your transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
•
•
•
•
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic-especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about
15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are above
50°F (10°C). If it’s colder than 50°F (10°C), drive the
vehicle in THIRD (3) until the engine temperature gage
moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes.
A cold fluid check can be made after the vehicle has
been sitting for eight hours or more with the engine off,
but this is used only as a reference. Let the engine
run at idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are
50°F (10°C) or more. If it’s colder than 50°F (10°C), you
may have to idle the engine longer. Should the fluid
level be low during this cold check, you must check the
fluid hot before adding fluid. Checking the fluid hot
will give you a more accurate reading of the fluid level.
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
• Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
• With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
• With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
• Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.
5-25
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
The automatic
transmission dipstick
handle with the
transmission and lock
symbol is located in the
engine compartment
on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-14 for
more information on location.
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick
and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again. Check both sides of the
dipstick, and read the lower level.
3. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push
the dipstick back in all the way; then flip the
handle down to lock the dipstick in place.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Add fluid only after checking the transmission fluid while
it is hot. (A cold check is used only as a reference.)
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot
check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
Notice: We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON®-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON®-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
• After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check″.
• When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle
down to lock the dipstick in place.
5-26
Engine Coolant
What to Use
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant. If you use this coolant
mixture, you don’t need to add anything else.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating
on page 5-29.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work
as they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged. The
repair cost would not be covered by your warranty.
Too much water in the mixture can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
5-27
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank.
{CAUTION:
Checking Coolant
The engine coolant
recovery tank is in the
engine compartment
on the passenger’s side
of the vehicle. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-14 for more
information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When
your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
FULL COLD, or a little higher.
5-28
Adding Coolant
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn
you badly. With the coolant recovery tank,
you will almost never have to add coolant at
the radiator. Never turn the radiator pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
Add coolant mixture at the recovery tank, but be careful
not to spill it.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator.
For information on how to add coolant to the radiator,
see Cooling System on page 5-32.
Radiator Pressure Cap
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible engine damage may occur.
Be sure the cap is properly and tightly secured.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-14 for
information on location.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. If your vehicle has a DIC,
the display will show an Engine Coolant Hot or Engine
Overheated message.
5-29
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or hear
steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned.
Stop your engine if it overheats, and get
out of the vehicle until the engine is cool.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle
can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
5-30
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or
hear no steam, the problem may not be too serious.
Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in neutral while
stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road, shift to
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues and you have not stopped,
pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can push down
the accelerator until the engine speed is about twice
as fast as normal idle speed for at least three minutes
while you’re parked. If you still have the warning,
turn off the engine and get everyone out of the vehicle
until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-31
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
V8 Engine
L6 Engine
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Radiator Pressure Cap
C. Engine Fan
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
5-32
The coolant level should
be at least up to the
FULL COLD mark.
If it isn’t, you may have
a leak at the pressure cap
or in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator,
water pump or somewhere
else in the cooling
system.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Do not run the engine if there is a leak.
If you run the engine, it could lose all coolant.
That could cause an engine fire, and you could
be burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive
the vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again.
The engine cooling fan speed should increase when idle
speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedal down.
If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn off the
engine.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant is not covered by your warranty.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
5-33
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of
clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® engine coolant
at the coolant recovery tank. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-27 for more information.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
5-34
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the
FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap — even a little — they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and
radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
5-35
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap. Remove the
pressure cap.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when
the cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise
about one full turn.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.
A hiss means there is still some pressure left.
5-36
3. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler
neck. See Engine Coolant on page 5-27 for more
information about the proper coolant mixture.
4. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the FULL
COLD mark.
5. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank,
but leave the radiator pressure cap off.
5-37
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure
the pressure cap is hand-tight.
Engine Fan Noise
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fan.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOL® coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches
the base of the filler neck.
5-38
This vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan. When the
clutch is engaged, the fan spins faster to provide more air
to cool the engine. In most everyday driving conditions
the clutch is not engaged. This improves fuel economy
and reduces fan noise. Under heavy vehicle loading,
trailer towing, and/or high outside temperatures, the fan
speed increases when the clutch engages. So you may
hear an increase in fan noise. This is normal and should
not be mistaken as the transmission slipping or making
extra shifts. It is merely the cooling system functioning
properly. The fan will slow down when additional cooling
is not required and the clutch disengages.
You may also hear this fan noise when you start the
engine. It will go away as the fan clutch disengages.
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located in the
engine compartment.
It is on the passenger’s
side of vehicles with the
L6 engine and is on
the driver’s side of vehicles
with the V8 engine. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-14
for reservoir location.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
For vehicles with the L6 engine, the level should be at the
C (cold) mark. For vehicles with the V8 engine, the level
should be at the FULL mark. If necessary, add only
enough fluid to bring the level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
5-39
Windshield Washer Fluid
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the
What to Use
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will
be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Adding Washer Fluid
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters full
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-14 for reservoir
location.
5-40
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts of
the washer system. Also, water does not clean as
well as washer fluid.
when it is very cold. This allows for expansion if
freezing occurs, which could damage the tank if
it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your washer
system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
If it is, you should have your brake system fixed, since
a leak means that sooner or later your brakes will
not work well, or will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-14 for the location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is
that fluid is leaking out of the brake system.
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system. See “Checking Brake Fluid”
in this section.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to check your brake fluid. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4.
5-41
Checking Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking off the cap.
Just look at the brake fluid
reservoir. The fluid level
should be above MIN.
If it is not, have your brake
system checked to see
if there is a leak.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This will
help keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above the MIN but not over
the MAX mark.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12.
5-42
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system parts so
badly that they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your
vehicle. If you do, wash it off immediately.
See Appearance Care on page 5-92.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly).
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
{CAUTION:
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc brakes
adjust for wear.
5-43
Replacing Brake System Parts
Battery
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts.
When you replace parts of your braking system — for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
need new ones put in — be sure you get new approved
GM replacement parts. If you do not, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change — for the
worse. The braking performance you have come to
expect can change in many other ways if someone puts
in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco® battery. When it is time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label. We recommend
an ACDelco® battery. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-14 for battery location.
5-44
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
Vehicle Storage
Jump Starting
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (−) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. But please use the following steps to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
are not careful. See Jump Starting on page 5-45
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your
vehicle for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature (RDS Radios) on page 3-112.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode
or ignite.
• They contain enough electricity
to burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly,
some or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that would not be covered
by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage your vehicle.
5-45
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in PARK (P) or a manual transmission
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
If you have a four- wheel-drive vehicle, be sure the
transfer case is not in NEUTRAL.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
5-46
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or accessory power outlets (if equipped).
Turn off the radio and all lamps that aren’t needed.
This will avoid sparks and help to save both
batteries. And it could save your radio!
4. Open both hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminals on each
battery. Your vehicle has a remote negative (−) jump
starting terminal. You should always use this
remote terminal instead of the terminal on the
battery. The remote negative (−) terminal is located
on the front engine lift bracket on vehicles with
the L6 engine or the engine accessory drive bracket
for vehicles with the V8 engine and is marked
GND. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-14 for more information on location.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the ACDelco® battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right amount of
fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you do not, explosive gas could
be present.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose
or missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go
to positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts too. And don’t connect the
negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
5-47
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to
the positive (+) terminal
of the dead battery. Use
a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+)
terminal of the
good battery. Use a
remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
5-48
8. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to
the negative (−)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (−) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (−) cable doesn’t
go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to the remote negative (−)
terminal on the vehicle with the dead battery. On the
L6 engine, the remote negative (−) terminal on your
vehicle is located on the front engine lift bracket and
is marked GND. On the V8 engine, the remote
negative (–) terminal is located on the accessory
drive bracket and is marked GND.
9. Connect the other end
of the negative (−)
cable to the remote
negative (−) terminal
on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting may occur and
damage the vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Remove the jumper
cables in the correct order, making sure that the
cables do not touch each other or other metal.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and
run the engine for a while.
5-49
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles,
do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or
Remote Negative (−) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and
Remote Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
5-50
All-Wheel Drive
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Use care not to overtighten the plug.
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check fluid unless you
suspect there is a leak or you hear an unusual noise.
A fluid loss could indicate a problem. Have it inspected
and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate
reading, the vehicle should
be on a level surface.
What to Use
To determine what kind of lubricant to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Rear Axle
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check rear axle fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a problem.
Have it inspected and repaired.
5-51
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on
a level surface.
The proper level is from 0 to 3/8 inch (0 to 10 mm)
below the bottom of the filler plug hole.
What to Use
To determine what kind of lubricant to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
5-52
Front Axle
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on
a level surface.
When to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you may need to add some lubricant.
It is not necessary to regularly check front axle fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a problem.
Have it inspected and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
When the differential is cold, add enough lubricant to
raise the level to 1/2 inch (12 mm) below the filler
plug hole.
When the differential is at operating temperature (warm),
add enough lubricant to raise the level to the bottom of
the filler plug hole.
What to Use
To determine what kind of lubricant to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
5-53
Bulb Replacement
For the type of bulbs, see Replacement Bulbs
on page 5-55.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Taillamps and Turn Signal Lamps
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Remove the two
screws from the
lamp assembly.
Headlamps
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the grille by grasping and pulling
it forward.
3. Lift the inner quick release clips.
4. Pull the headlamp assembly away from
the vehicle.
5. Remove the cover from the headlamp bulb.
6. Disconnect the wiring harness.
7. Remove the headlamp bulb by turning
the socket counterclockwise.
8. To install the replacement bulb,
reverse Steps 1 through 6.
5-54
3. Pull the assembly away from the vehicle.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Bulb Number
Halogen Headlamps
4. Unclip the wiring harness (A) and remove the
three socket retaining screws (B).
Low Beam
9006 HB4
High Beam
9005 HB3
Front Sidemarker Lamp
194
Front Park Lamp
194
Front Turn Lamp
3757 A
Taillamps
3057
Rear Turn Signal Lamps
3057
For any bulb not listed here, contact your dealer.
5. Remove the socket by releasing the retaining tabs.
6. Holding the socket, pull the bulb to release it from
the socket.
7. To install the replacement bulbs, reverse
Steps 1 through 6.
5-55
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking.
Notice: Allowing the wiper blade arm to touch
the windshield when no wiper blade is installed
could damage the windshield. Any damage
that occurs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not allow the wiper blade arm to touch the
windshield.
1. To remove the old wiper blades, lift the wiper arm
until it locks into a vertical position.
A. Blade Assembly
B. Arm Assembly
C. Locking Tab
D. Blade Pivot
E. Hook Slot
F. Arm Hook
2. Press down on the blade assembly pivot locking
tab. Pull down on the blade assembly to release it
from the wiper arm hook.
5-56
3. Remove the insert from the blade assembly.
The insert has two notches at one end that are
locked by the bottom claws of the blade assembly.
At the notched end, pull the insert from the
blade assembly.
4. To install the new wiper insert, slide the insert (D),
notched end last, into the end with two blade
claws (A). Slide the insert all the way through the
blade claws at the opposite end (B). The plastic
caps (C) will be forced off as the insert is fully
inserted.
5-57
5. Be sure that the notches are locked by the bottom
claws. Make sure that all other claws are properly
locked on both sides of the insert slots.
6. Put the blade assembly pivot in the wiper arm hook.
Pull up until the pivot locking tab locks in
the hook slot.
7. Carefully lower the wiper arm and blade assembly
onto the windshield.
Backglass Wiper Blade Replacement
See Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement on page 5-56
for instructions on how to change the backglass wiper
blade. The backglass wiper blade will not lock in a
vertical position like the windshield wiper blade, so care
should be used when pulling it away from the vehicle.
A. Claw in Notch
B. Correct Installation
5-58
C. Incorrect
Installation
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
•
{CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
•
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be cut,
punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into the
sidewall. The following illustrations are examples of a
typical P-Metric and a LT-Metric tire sidewall.
5-59
(A) Tire Size Code: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size Code” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to GM’s
specific tire performance criteria have a TPC specification
code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC specifications
meet or exceed all federal safety guidelines.
(C) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer and
plant code, tire size, and date the tire was manufactured.
The TIN is molded onto both sides of the tire, although
only one side may have the date of manufacture.
P-Metric Tire
5-60
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information,
see Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-72.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-67 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
LT-Metric Tire
5-61
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to
GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s
TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) Dual Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load that
can be carried and the maximum pressure needed to
support that load when used in a dual configuration.
For information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-67 and Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-46.
(D) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
5-62
(E) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire was
manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both sides of the
tire, although only one side may have the date of
manufacture.
(F) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(G) Single Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load that
can be carried and the maximum pressure needed to
support that load when used as a single. For information
on recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-67 and Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-46.
Tire Size
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
The following examples show the different parts of
a tire size.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example,
if the tire size aspect ratio is “75,” as shown in item “C”
of the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall
is 75% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
“R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D” means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter “B”
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter “P” as
the first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U.S.
Tire and Rim Association.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire.
The load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed ratings
range from “A” to “Z”.
5-63
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
“R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D” means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter “B”
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire
(A) Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter “LT” as
the first two characters in the tire size means a light
truck tire engineered to standards set by the U. S.
Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example,
if the tire size aspect ratio is “75,” as shown in item “C”
of the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall
is 75% as high as it is wide.
5-64
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire. The
load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed ratings
range from “A” to “Z”. The light truck tire size example
above shows dual or single tire configurations.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to
its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi)
or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up heat from
driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-67.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
There are 6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor vehicle
with standard and optional equipment including the
maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but without
passengers and cargo.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator which can
also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant,
brand and date of production.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from 1 to 279
that corresponds to the load carrying capacity of a tire.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
5-65
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
Radial Ply tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants
a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150
pounds (68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-46.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of a asymmetrical
tire that has a particular side that faces outward
when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears
manufacturer, brand and or model name molding that is
higher or deeper than the same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-67 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
5-66
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains. See When It
Is Time for New Tires on page 5-70.
UTQGS: Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards,
a tire information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-72.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs. (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-46.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation pressure. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-46.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
The tire and loading information label, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km). See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-46, for the location
of your vehicle’s tire and loading information label.
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
•
•
•
•
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Also, check the tire pressure of the spare tire.
5-67
How to Check
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated. Check
the tire’s inflation pressure when the tires are cold.
cold means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the tire and loading
information label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and moisture.
5-68
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also check
for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time for
New Tires on page 5-70 and Wheel Replacement on
page 5-74 for more information.
Make sure the spare tire is stored securely. Push, pull,
and then try to rotate or turn the tire. If it moves, use the
wheel wrench to tighten the cable. For information on
storing or removing the spare tire, see Changing a Flat
Tire on page 5-79.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if you need to,
to get all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing a
Flat Tire” in the Index.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Certification/Tire label or the Tire and Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 5-113.
5-69
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
Some commercial truck
tires may not have
treadwear indicators.
5-70
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look
at the Certification/Tire label or the Tire and Loading
Information label. For examples of these labels and
their location on your vehicle, see Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-46.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
General Motors recommends that you get tires with
that same TPC Spec number. That way your vehicle will
continue to have tires that are designed to give proper
endurance, handling, speed rating, load range, traction,
ride and other things during normal service on your
vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread design,
the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires) the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires
on all wheels.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
5-71
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-72
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
5-73
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-79 for more
information.
5-74
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used
or how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause a crash. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
(Continued)
other vehicle parts. The area damaged by
the tire chains could cause you to lose
control of your vehicle and you or others
may be injured in a crash. Use another type
of traction device only if its manufacturer
recommends it for use on your vehicle and
tire size combination and road conditions.
Follow that manufacturer’s instructions.
To help avoid damage to your vehicle, drive
slowly, readjust or remove the device if it’s
contacting your vehicle, and don’t spin your
wheels. If you do find traction devices that
will fit, install them on the rear tires.
{CAUTION:
Don’t use tire chains. There’s not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle
without the proper amount of clearance can
cause damage to the brakes, suspension or
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-75
Accessory Inflator
To remove the cover, pull the two tabs on the cover
and pull it off.
Your vehicle may be equipped with an air inflator
system. You can inflate things like basketballs and
bicycle tires. You can also use it to bring your tire
pressure up to the proper pressure. It is not designed to
inflate large objects which will require more than five
minutes to inflate, such as an air mattress.
You may have an air inflator kit that is located in the
glove compartment. The kit includes a 22 ft (6.7 m)
hose with three nozzle adapters.
The air inflator is located
in the rear compartment
on the passenger’s side
of the vehicle behind
an access cover.
To use the air inflator attach the appropriate nozzle
adapter to the end of the hose if required. Then attach
that end of the hose to the object you wish to inflate.
Attach the other end of the hose to the outlet.
Press and release the switch to turn the air inflator on.
The indicator light will remain on when the inflator is
running.
The system has an internal clock to prevent overheating.
The system will allow about five minutes of running
time, then the compressor will stop. The indicator light
will then begin to flash. When the indicator is off,
the inflator can be started again by pressing the switch.
If the compressor is still hot, it may only run for a
short time before shutting off again.
5-76
Press and release the switch to turn the inflator off.
Place the inflator kit tools in the pouch and store
it properly. Remove the inflator hose from the outlet
during loading and unloading. Load leveling will
not function with the inflator hose attached to the inflator
outlet. See “Electronically Controlled Air Suspension
System” in the Index.
To reinstall the cover, line up the tabs at the back of
the cover, put it in place and latch the tabs.
{CAUTION:
Inflating something too much can make it
explode, and you or others could be injured.
Be sure to read the inflator instructions, and
inflate any object only to its recommended
pressure.
A continuous flashing indicator light may also indicate
a malfunction in the air suspension system.
See “Electronically Controlled Air Suspension System”
in the Index.
5-77
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blowout” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
5-78
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
hazard warning flashers.
{CAUTION:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5. Put the wheel blocks at the front and rear
of the tire farthest away from the one
being changed. That would be the tire on
the other side, at the opposite end of the
vehicle.
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over or fall on you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured or even killed. Find a level place to
change your tire. To help prevent the vehicle
from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in
the vehicle.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack
and change a tire.
5-79
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The tools you’ll be using include the wheel wrench (A),
wheel blocks (B), extension (socket end) (C), handle
(jack end) (D), and jack (E).
The following instructions explain how to remove the
spare tire mounted underneath your vehicle.
The jacking equipment you will need is stored under
the rear seat on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
See Rear Seat Operation on page 1-5. To release
the jack from its holder, turn the knob on the jack
counterclockwise to lower the jack head.
5-80
Notice: If you remove or restow a tire from/to
the storage position under the vehicle when it is
supported by a jack, you could damage the
tire and/or your vehicle. Always remove or restow
a tire when the vehicle is on the ground.
2. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to lower
the spare tire. Keep turning the wheel wrench until
the spare tire can be pulled out from under the
vehicle.
If the spare tire does not lower to the ground,
the secondary latch is engaged causing the tire not
to lower. See “Secondary Latch System” following
this section.
When the tire has been completely lowered, tilt the
retainer at the end of the cable and pull it through
the wheel opening. Pull the tire out from under
the vehicle.
1. To remove the underbody-mounted spare, insert
the socket end of the extension on a 45° angle
downward into the hoist drive shaft hole. This will
be exposed when the rear gate is open and is
just above the rear bumper. Be sure the socket end
of the extension connects to the hoist shaft.
Notice: If you drive away before the spare tire or
secondary latch system cable has been reinstalled,
you could damage your vehicle. Always reinstall
this cable before driving your vehicle.
5-81
3. Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
Secondary Latch System
Your vehicle has an underbody mounted tire hoist
assembly equipped with a secondary latch system.
It’s designed to stop the spare or flat road tire
from suddenly falling off your vehicle if the cable holding
the spare tire is damaged. For the secondary latch to
work, the tire must be stowed with the valve stem
pointing up. See “Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools”
for instructions on storing the spare or flat tire correctly.
{CAUTION:
4. Position the chisel end of your wheel wrench in the
notch of the center cap and pry off the center cap.
See “Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire” later in this section to continue changing
the flat tire.
5-82
Before beginning this procedure read all the
instructions. Failure to read and follow the
instructions could damage the hoist assembly
and you and others could get hurt. Read and
follow the instructions listed below.
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack.
If the spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind
you or on either side of you as you pull the
jack out from the spare.
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch,
do the following:
2. If it is not visible, proceed to Step 6.
If visible, first try to tighten the cable by turning the
wheel wrench clockwise until you hear two clicks
or feel it skip twice. You cannot overtighten
the cable.
3. Loosen the cable by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise three or four turns.
4. Repeat this procedure at least two times.
If the spare tire lowers to the ground, continue with
Step 2 of “Removing the Spare Tire and Tools”
earlier in this section.
5. Turn the wrench counterclockwise until
approximately 6 inches (15 cm) of cable is exposed.
1. Check under the
vehicle to see if the
cable is visible.
5-83
7. Turn the wrench clockwise to raise the jack until it
lifts the end fitting.
8. Continue raising the jack until the spare tire stops
moving upward and is held firmly in place. The
secondary latch has released and the spare tire is
balancing on the jack.
9. Lower the jack by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack until the
spare tire slides off the jack or is hanging by
the cable.
6. Attach the jack handle, extension and the wheel
wrench to the jack and place it under the vehicle
towards the front of the rear bumper. Position
the center lift point of the jack under the center of
the spare tire.
5-84
10. Disconnect the jack handle from the jack and
carefully remove the jack. Use one hand to push
against the spare while firmly pulling the jack out
from under the spare tire with the other hand.
11. Tilt the retainer at the end of the cable and pull it
through the wheel opening. Pull the tire out from
under the vehicle.
12. If the cable is hanging under the vehicle, turn the
wheel wrench clockwise to raise the cable back up.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as you can.
You will not be able to store a spare or flat tire using
the hoist assembly until it has been repaired or replaced.
If the spare tire is hanging from the cable, insert the
socket end of the extension connected to the wheel
wrench into the hoist shaft hole in the bumper, on an
angle, and turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise
to lower the spare the rest of the way.
5-85
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
3. Place the handle, extension and wheel wrench
onto the jack.
1. Using the wheel
wrench, loosen all
the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove
them yet.
Front
2. Turn the jack adjusting knob clockwise by hand
to raise the jack lift head.
5-86
A. Front Frame/
Rear Axle
B. Jack
Rear
C. Handle
D. Extension
E. Wheel Wrench
4. Place the jack in the appropriate position nearest
the flat tire.
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so there is enough room for the spare
tire to fit.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-87
7. Remove any rust
or dirt from the
wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Place the spare on the wheel mounting surface.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to,
to get all the rust or dirt off.
5-88
9. Put the nuts on by
hand. Make sure
the rounded end is
toward the wheel.
10. Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held
against the hub. If a nut can’t be turned by hand,
use the wheel wrench and see your dealer as soon
as possible.
{CAUTION:
11. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
12. Use the wheel
wrench to tighten
the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to come loose
and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to the
proper torque specification. See “Capacities
and Specifications” in the Index for wheel nut
torque specification.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper torque
specification. See “Capacities and Specifications”
in the index for the wheel nut torque specification.
5-89
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone.
Store all these in the proper place.
{CAUTION:
The underbody-mounted spare tire needs to
be stored with the valve stem pointing up.
If the spare tire is stored with the valve stem
pointing downward, its secondary latch
won’t work properly and the spare tire could
loosen and suddenly fall from your vehicle.
CAUTION:
5-90
(Continued)
(Continued)
If this happened when your vehicle was
being driven, the tire might contact a person
or another vehicle, causing injury and, of
course, damage to itself as well. Be sure the
underbody-mounted spare tire is stored with
its valve stem pointing up.
Notice: An aluminum wheel with a flat tire should
always be stored under the vehicle with the
hoist. However, storing it that way for an extended
period could damage the wheel. To avoid this,
always stow the wheel properly with the valve stem
pointing up and have the wheel repaired as soon
as possible.
Follow this diagram to store the underbody-mounted
spare.
A. Wheel Wrench
B. Hoist Shaft
C. Extension
D. Retainer
E. Spare or Flat Tire
(Valve Stem Pointed Up)
1. Put the tire on the ground at the rear of the vehicle,
with the valve stem pointed up and to the rear.
2. Pull the retainer through the wheel.
3. Put the socket end of the extension, on an angle,
through the hole in the rear bumper and into the
hoist shaft.
(A) Push and Pull, (B) Rotate or Turn
5. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push, pull,
and then try to turn the tire. If the tire moves, use
the wheel wrench and socket end of the extension
to tighten the cable.
4. Raise the tire fully against the underside of the
vehicle by turning the wheel wrench clockwise
until you hear two clicks or feel it skip twice. The
spare tire hoist cannot be overtightened.
5-91
Return the jack, wheel wrench and wheel blocks to
the proper location under the rear seat of the vehicle.
Return the rear seat to its proper position.
Spare Tire
Your vehicle, when new, had a fully inflated spare tire.
A spare tire may lose air over time, so check its
inflation pressure regularly. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-67 and “Loading Your Vehicle” for information
regarding proper tire inflation and loading your vehicle.
For instruction on how to remove, install or store a spare
tire, see Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-79.
After installing the spare tire on your vehicle, you should
stop as soon as possible and make sure the spare is
correctly inflated. Have the damaged or flat road
tire repaired or replaced as soon as you can and
installed back onto your vehicle. This way, a spare tire
will be available in case you need it again.
Appearance Care
A. Handle
B. Wheel Wrench
C. Instruction Label
5-92
D. Extension
E. Wheel Blocks
and Jack
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or windows
when you are cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Gasoline
Naphtha
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Carbon Tetrachloride
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Acetone
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric
and carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
Benzene
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others — and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Do not use any of these unless this manual says
you can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from
your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
on page 5-100.
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can — before
they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
clean area often. A soft brush may be used if
stains are stubborn.
• If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning,
clean the entire area immediately or it will set.
5-93
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove
any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Do not
saturate the material and do not rub it roughly.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaning instructions
described earlier.
5. As soon as you have cleaned the section,
use a sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a water and baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. Clean with cool water and allow to dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
5-94
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do this more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you do not get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-100.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could
scratch the glass and/or cause damage to the
rear window defogger and the integrated radio
antenna. When cleaning the glass on your vehicle,
use only a soft cloth and glass cleaner.
5-95
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do,
it may severely weaken them. In a crash,
they might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
5-96
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle
well, removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-100.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the
surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft,
clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a
car washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-100.
If your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap,
bird droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys,
etc., can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to keep
their luster. Washing with water is all that is usually
needed. However, you may use chrome polish on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if necessary.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid damaging
protective trim, never use auto or chrome polish,
steam or caustic soap to clean aluminum. A coating of
wax, rubbed to high polish, is recommended for all
bright metal parts.
5-97
Cleaning the Windshield, Backglass
and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade or
windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads
do not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface.
Do not use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
5-98
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials avaliable from your dealer. Larger areas of
finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s body and
paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
5-99
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
5-100
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil
and asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
(cont’d)
Description
Usage
Removes swirl marks,
fine scratches and
Swirl Remover Polish
other light surface
contamination.
Removes light scratches
Cleaner Wax
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines and
Foaming Tire Shine
protects in one easy step,
Low Gloss
no wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
Wash Wax Concentrate
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
Spot Lifter
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on
Odor Eliminator
fabrics, vinyl, leather
and carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12.
Vehicle Identification
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
You’ll find this label on the inside of the glove box.
It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
On this label is:
•
•
•
•
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications and replacement parts.
5-101
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle and
the damage wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Some add-on electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to add anything electrical to your vehicle, see Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-55.
Headlamps
The headlamp wiring is protected by four fuses.
An electrical overload will cause a lamp to go on and off.
If this happens, have your headlamp wiring checked
right away.
5-102
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow or ice, the wiper will stop until the motor cools.
If the overload is caused by some electrical problem,
be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and other
power accessories. When the current load is too heavy,
the circuit breaker opens and closes, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical
size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of your vehicle
that you can get along without — like the radio or
cigarette lighter — and use its fuse, if it is the correct
amperage. Replace it as soon as you can.
The fuse block is located under the hood in the
engine compartment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-14
for more information on location.
Remove the primary cover by pressing the two locking
tabs. Remove the secondary cover by snapping off
while lifting. To reinstall the fuse panel cover, reverse
the sequence.
5-103
L6 Engine
5-104
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
Usage
1
Electrically-Controlled Air
Suspension
18
Air Bag
19
Electric Brake
2
Passenger’s Side High-Beam
Headlamp
20
Cooling Fan
3
Passenger’s Side Low-Beam
Headlamp
21
Horn
22
Ignition E
4
Back-Up-Trailer Lamps
23
Electronic Throttle Control
5
Driver’s Side High-Beam Headlamp
6
Driver’s Side Low-Beam Headlamp
24
Instrument Panel Cluster,
Driver Information Center
7
Wash
25
Automatic Shift Lock Control System
8
Automatic Transfer Case
26
Engine 1
9
Windshield Wipers
27
Back-Up
10
Powertrain Control Module B
28
Powertrain Control Module 1
11
Fog Lamps
29
Oxygen Sensor
12
Stop Lamp
30
Air Conditioning
13
Cigarette Lighter
31
Truck Body Controller
14
Ignition Coils
32
Trailer
15
Blank
33
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
16
TBD-Ignition 1
34
Ignition A
17
Crank
35
Blower Motor
5-105
Fuses
Usage
Usage
36
Ignition B
41
Fuel Pump
50
Passenger’s Side Trailer Turn
42
Windshield Wipers/Washer
51
Driver’s Side Trailer Turn
43
High-Beam Headlamp
52
Hazard Flashers
44
Air Conditioning
53
Electric Adjustable Pedal
45
Cooling Fan
54
A.I.R. Solenoid
46
Headlamp Driver Module
56
A.I.R. Pump
47
Starter
49
Electric Adjustable Pedal
55
A.I.R. Solenoid
Relays
5-106
Fuses
Usage
37
Blank or Headlamp Wash
38
Rear Window Washer
39
Fog Lamps
48
Instrument Panel Battery
40
Horn
49
Blank
Miscellaneous
Usage
V8 Engine
5-107
Fuses
5-108
Usage
Fuses
Usage
1
Electrically-Controlled Air
Suspension
18
Air Bag
19
Electric Brake
2
Passenger’s Side High-Beam
Headlamp
20
Cooling Fan
3
Passenger’s Side Low-Beam
Headlamp
21
Horn
22
Ignition E
4
Back-Up-Trailer Lamps
23
Electronic Throttle Control
5
Driver’s Side High-Beam Headlamp
6
Driver’s Side Low-Beam Headlamp
24
Instrument Panel Cluster,
Driver Information Center
7
Wash
25
Automatic Shift Lock Control System
8
Automatic Transfer Case
26
Engine 1
9
Windshield Wipers
27
Back-Up
10
Powertrain Control Module B
28
Powertrain Control Module 1
11
Fog Lamps
30
Air Conditioning
12
Stop Lamp
31
Truck Body Controller 1
13
Cigarette Lighter
32
Trailer
14
Ignition Coils
33
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
15
Cannister Vent
34
Ignition A
16
TBD-Ignition 1
35
Blower Motor
17
Crank
36
Ignition B
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
Usage
50
Passenger’s Side Trailer Turn
40
Horn
51
Driver’s Side Trailer Turn
41
Fuel Pump
52
Hazard Flashers
42
Windshield Wipers/Washer
53
Oxygen Sensor Bank A
43
High-Beam Headlamp
54
Oxygen Sensor Bank B
44
Air Conditioning
55
Injector Bank A
45
Cooling Fan
56
Injector Bank B
46
Headlamp Driver Module
57
Electric Adjustable Pedal
47
Starter
49
Electric Adjustable Pedal
58
Ignition 1
Relays
Usage
37
Headlamp Washer
38
Rear Window Washer
39
Fog Lamps
Miscellaneous
48
Usage
Instrument Panel Battery
5-109
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
5-110
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
Usage
01
Right Door Control Module
17
Right Rear Parking Lamps
02
Left Door Control Module
18
Locks
03
Endgate Module 2
19
04
Truck Body Controller 3
Liftgate Module/Driver Seat
Module
05
Rear Fog Lamps
20
Sunroof
06
Blank
21
Lock
07
Truck Body Controller 2
23
Blank
08
Power Seats
24
Unlock
25
Blank
26
Blank
27
OH Battery/OnStar® System
29
Rainsense™ Wipers
30
Parking Lamps
31
Truck Body Controller Accessory
32
Truck Body Controller 5
33
Front Wipers
34
Vehicle Stop
09
Rear Wiper
10
Driver Door Module
11
Amplifier
12
Passenger Door Module
13
Rear Climate Controls
14
Left Rear Parking Lamps
15
Blank
16
Vehicle Center High-Mounted
Stop Lamp
5-111
Fuses
5-112
Usage
Fuses
Usage
35
Blank
44
Heat Ventilation Air Conditioning
36
Heat Ventilation Air Conditioning B
45
Rear Fog Lamps
37
Front Parking Lamps
46
Auxiliary Power 1
38
Left Turn Signal
47
Ignition 0
39
Heat Ventilation Air Conditioning I
48
Four-Wheel Drive
40
Truck Body Controller 4
49
Blank
41
Radio
50
Truck Body Controller Ignition
42
Trailer Park
51
Brakes
43
Right Turn Signal
52
Truck Body Controller Run
Capacities and Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
“VORTEC™ ” 4200 L6
S
M30
0.042 inches (1.07 mm)
“VORTEC™ ” 5300 V8
P
M30
0.040 inches (1.01 mm)
L6 Engine
Application
Wheel Nut Torque
Cooling System
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R/134a
V8 Engine
English
Metric
English
Metric
100 lb ft
140 Y
100 lb ft
140 Y
13.9 quarts
13.1 L
15.3 quarts
14.5 L
1.9 lbs.
0.85 kg
1.9 lbs.
0.85 kg
Engine Oil with Filter
7.0 quarts
6.6 L
6.0 quarts
5.7 L
Transmission
(Drain and Refill)
5.0 quarts
4.7 L
5.0 quarts
4.7 L
Rear
3.6 pints
1.7 L
4.3 pints
2.0 L
Front
1.7 pints
0.8 L
1.7 pints
0.8 L
Fuel Tank
22.0 gallons
83.3 L
22.0 gallons
83.3 L
Differential Fluid
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the appropriate level, as recommended in this manual.
Recheck the fluid level after filling.
5-113
✍ NOTES
5-114
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-3
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-9
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-9
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-9
At Least Once a Year ...................................6-10
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-12
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-14
Engine Drive Belt Routing ..............................6-15
Maintenance Record .....................................6-16
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are necessary
to keep your vehicle in good working condition.
Any damage caused by failure to follow scheduled
maintenance may not be covered by warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan?
The Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet
or your dealer for details.
6-2
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
your vehicle in good working condition, but also helps
the environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your vehicle
in good working condition. But we do not know exactly
how you will drive it. You may drive very short distances
only a few times a week. Or you may drive long distances
all the time in very hot, dusty weather. You may use your
vehicle in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to work,
to do errands or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-46.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• are driven off-road in the recommended manner.
See Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle Off
Paved Roads on page 4-16.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-5.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle
can be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs,
you can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
Some maintenance services can be complex.
So, unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should have your
GM Goodwrench dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
If you want to get service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-12.
6-3
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-9 tells you what
should be checked, when to check it and what you can
easily do to help keep your vehicle in good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-14. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL light comes on,
it means that service is required for your vehicle.
Have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible within
the next 600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible that,
if you are driving under the best conditions, the engine
oil life system may not indicate that vehicle service
is necessary for over a year. However, your engine
oil and filter must be changed at least once a year
and at this time the system must be reset. Your
GM Goodwrench dealer has GM-trained service
technicians who will perform this work using genuine
GM parts and reset the system.
6-4
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally, you
must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
since your last service. Remember to reset the oil life
system whenever the oil is changed. See Engine Oil on
page 5-18 for information on the Engine Oil Life System
and resetting the system.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL light appears, certain
services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I” and “Maintenance II.” Generally, it is
recommended that your first service be Maintenance I,
your second service be Maintenance II and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II thereafter.
However, in some cases, Maintenance II may be
required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL light comes on within ten months since
vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II was
performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the light comes on ten months
or more since the last service or if the light has not
come on at all for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-18. An Emission Control Service.
Service
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-23. An Emission Control Service. See footnote †.
•
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 5-59.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid
as needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services”
in this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Check transmission fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles (kilometers)
shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage
or leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose
or damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace fuel filter. An Emission
Control Service. See footnote †.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
on page 5-23. An Emission
Control Service.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter (severe service).
See footnote (h).
•
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter (normal service).
Automatic transfer case only: Change
transfer case fluid. See footnote (g).
6-6
•
•
•
•
•
•
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
•
V8 engine only: Inspect spark plug
wires. An Emission Control Service.
•
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
Engine cooling system service
(or every 5 years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
•
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect
disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect other brake parts, including calipers,
parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing parts
or signs of wear. Inspect power steering lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc.
6-7
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace with genuine GM parts as
needed. To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test
of the cooling system and pressure cap and cleaning the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
More frequent lubrication may be required when
exposed to a corrosive environment. Applying silicone
grease on weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make
them last longer, seal better and not stick or squeak.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken air bag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air
bag system does not need regular maintenance.)
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch assembly,
secondary latch, pivots, spring anchor, release pawl,
rear compartment hinges, outer liftgate handle pivot
points, rear door detent link, roller mechanism,
liftgate handle pivot points, latch bolt, fuel door hinge,
cargo door hinge, locks and folding seat hardware.
6-8
(g) Add fluid as needed. A fluid loss could indicate
a problem; repair as needed. Check vent hose at
transfer case for kinks and proper installation.
(i) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-27 for what to use. Inspect hoses.
Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and filler neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired and
the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench dealer can assist you
with these checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks
at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-18 for further
details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine Coolant
on page 5-27 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Visually inspect your tires and make sure tires are
inflated to the correct pressures. Do not forget to check
your spare tire. See Tires on page 5-59 for further
details. Check to make sure the spare tire is stored
securely. Push, pull and then try to rotate or turn
the spare tire. If it moves, tighten it. See Changing a
Flat Tire on page 5-79.
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
6-9
At Least Once a Year
Starter Switch Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
Control System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-26 if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-26 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately
if the vehicle begins to move.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, contact
your GM Goodwrench dealer for service.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN position,
but do not start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever moves
out of PARK (P), contact your GM Goodwrench
dealer for service.
6-10
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
• The key should turn to LOCK only when the
shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The key should come out only in LOCK.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transmission
Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could
be injured and property could be damaged.
Make sure there is room in front of your
vehicle in case it begins to roll. Be ready to
apply the regular brake at once should the
vehicle begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing downhill.
Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the parking
brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With the
engine running and transmission in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care
to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other
debris can collect.
6-11
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Engine Oil
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. To determine
the proper viscosity for your
vehicle’s engine, see Engine Oil
on page 5-18.
6-12
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Fluid/Lubricant
Windshield
®
Washer Solvent.
Washer Solvent GM Optikleen
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Fluid/Lubricant
50/50 mixture of clean,
and use only
Engine Coolant drinkable water
DEX-COOL® Coolant. See
Engine Coolant on page 5-27.
Hydraulic
Brake System
Usage
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No.
U.S. 12377985, in Canada
88901242) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM
Part No. U.S. 89021184,
System
in Canada 89021186).
Automatic
Transmission
Key Lock
Cylinders
Chassis
Lubrication
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Chassis Lubricant (GM Part No.
U.S. 12377985, in Canada
88901242) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Front and
Rear Axle
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant (GM Part No. U.S.
12378261, in Canada 10953455)
meeting GM Specification 9986115.
Outer Tailgate
Handle
Pivot Points
and Hinges
Transfer Case
AUTO-TRAK II Fluid (GM Part No.
U.S. 12378508, in Canada
10953626).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Synthetic Grease with Teflon,
Superlube (GM Part No.
U.S.12371287, in Canada
10953437).
Hood and
Door Hinges,
Body Door
Hinge Pins,
Liftgate Hinge
and Linkage,
Folding Seats
and Fuel
Door Hinge
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
6-13
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your dealer.
GM Part Number
ACDelco® Part Number
L6
89017342
PF61
V8
25010633
PF44
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
15036141
A2014C
Automatic Transmission Filter Kit
24200796
—
L6
25337472
41-981
V8
12571164
41–985
88983068
GF831
Windshield Wiper Blade (Performance Blade 22”)
—
8–2221
Backglass Wiper Blade (Performance Blade 16”)
—
8–2161
Part
Engine Oil Filter
Spark Plugs
Fuel Filter
6-14
Engine Drive Belt Routing
L6 Engine
V8 Engine
6-15
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2 in this section.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-9 can be added on the following record pages.
Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-17
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-18
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance and Information
Customer Assistance and Information ...............7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ..................................................7-6
Roadside Assistance Program ..........................7-6
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-8
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records ...........................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the United States
Government ..............................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the Canadian
Government ..............................................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .........................................7-12
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-12
7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Buick. Normally, any concerns with
the sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle
will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Buick Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have
the following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
• Dealership name and location
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if
you have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the following
address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves
the right to change eligibility limitations and/or
discontinue its participation in this program.
7-3
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. You can find your specific vehicle information
all in one place.
The Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual. (United States only)
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members. (United States only)
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com.
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
7-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Buick encourages customers to call the toll-free number
for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write to
Buick, the letter should be addressed to Buick’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States – Customer Assistance
Overseas – Customer Assistance
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
1-800-521-7300
1-800-832-8425 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-252-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico
and U.S. Virgin Islands) – Customer
Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
Canada – Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
7-5
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward eligible aftermarket
driver or passenger
adaptive equipment you
may require for your
vehicle (hand controls,
wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers
and mobility equipment installers. The offer is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. For more details, or to determine your
vehicle’s eligibility, see your GM dealer or call the
GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
7-6
Roadside Assistance Program
Security While You Travel
1-800-252-1112
As the proud owner of a new Buick vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Buick Roadside Assistance
program. This value-added service is intended to
provide you with peace of mind as you drive in the city
or travel the open road. Buick’s Roadside Assistance
toll-free number is staffed by courteous and capable
Roadside Assistance Representatives who are available
24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
We will provide the following services during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period, at no expense
to you:
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel
($5 maximum) for the customer to get to the
nearest service station.
• Lock-out Service (identification required):
Replacement keys or locksmith service will
be covered at no charge if you are unable to
gain entry into your vehicle. Delivery of
the replacement key will be covered within
10 miles.
• Emergency Tow: Tow to the nearest dealership
for warranty service or in the event of a
vehicle-disabling accident. Assistance when the
vehicle is mired in sand, mud or snow.
• Flat Tire Change: Installation of a spare tire will
be covered at no charge. (The customer is
responsible for the repair or replacement of the
tire if not covered by a warrantable failure.)
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which require a
battery jump start will be covered at no charge.
• Dealer Locator Service
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Buick’s Bumper-to-Bumper warranty. However,
when other services are utilized, our Roadside
Assistance Representatives will explain any payment
obligations you might incur.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following to the Roadside Assistance
Representative:
• Your name, home address, and home
• Location of the vehicle
• Model, year, color, and license plate number
• Mileage, Vehicle Identification Number and delivery
date of the vehicle
• Description of the problem
While we hope you never have the occasion to use our
service, it is added security while traveling for you
and your family. Remember, we are only a phone call
away. Buick Roadside Assistance: 1-800-252-1112,
text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438.
Buick reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in Buick’s
judgement, the claims become excessive in frequency or
type of occurrence.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Buick reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Roadside Assistance program at any
time without notification.
telephone number
• Telephone number of your location
7-7
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
roadside assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book.
Courtesy Transportation
Buick has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are
proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required. This will
reduce your inconvenience during warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
7-8
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Buick helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way or round trip shuttle ride to a destination up to
10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement (five days maximum) may be available for
the use of public transportation such a s taxi or bus. In
addition, should you arrange transportation through a
friend or relative, reimbursement for reasonable fuel
expenses (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle
you obtained if your vehicle is kept for a warranty repair.
Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum of $30 a
day and must be supported by receipts. This requires
that you sign and complete a rental agreement and meet
state, local and rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage, credit card, etc.
You are responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees,
excessive mileage or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but it
is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
7-9
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components to
optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for air bag
deployment and, if so equipped, to provide anti-lock
braking and to help the driver control the vehicle
in difficult driving situations. Some information may be
stored during regular operations to facilitate repair
of detected malfunctions; other information is stored only
in a crash or near crash event by computer systems
commonly called event data recorders (EDR).
In a crash or near crash event, computer systems, such
as the Air Bag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM)
in your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated, such
as engine speed, brake applications, throttle position,
vehicle speed, safety belt usage, air bag readiness,
air bag performance data, and the severity of a collision.
7-10
This information has been used to improve vehicle
crash performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety.
Unlike the data recorders on many airplanes, these
on-board systems do not record sounds, such as
conversation of vehicle occupants.
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the SDM is required.
GM will not access information about a crash event or
share it with others other than
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or SDM.
®
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar , please check
the OnStar® subscription service agreement or manual
for information on its operations and data collection.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393
(or 366-0123 in the Washington, D.C. area)
or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Service Publications Ordering
Information
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Service Manuals
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33136
Detroit, MI 48232-5136
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
7-12
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments, and specifications
for GM transmissions, transaxles, and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product
Service Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your
General Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc.
on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P. O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-13
✍ NOTES
7-14
A
Accessory Inflator ........................................... 5-76
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-19
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar Equipment ......... 4-53
Adding Washer Fluid ....................................... 5-40
Additional Program Information ........................... 7-9
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ........................... 5-102
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal .................. 2-22
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade) ............................ 3-60, 3-72, 3-87
After Off-Road Driving ..................................... 4-29
Air Bag
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-30
Air Bag Systems ............................................. 1-45
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .................... 1-52
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 1-55
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-52
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ...... 1-53
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ................... 1-51
Where Are the Air Bags? .............................. 1-49
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-23
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) .... 7-10
All-Wheel Drive ............................................... 5-51
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System ......................... 2-26
All-Wheel-Drive Service Light ............................ 3-41
AM ............................................................. 3-114
Antenna, Fixed Mast ...................................... 3-116
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System ........................................ 3-116
Anti-lock Brake System ..................................... 4-7
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-34
Appearance Care ............................................ 5-92
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-96
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-99
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ................ 5-93
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-96
Finish Damage ............................................ 5-99
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 5-99
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-99
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............... 5-100
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-96
Approaching a Hill .......................................... 4-21
Ashtrays ........................................................ 3-19
Audio Output ................................................ 3-108
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3-56
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................... 3-113
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ............... 3-114
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-116
1
Audio System(s) (cont.)
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-115
Chime Level Adjustment ............................. 3-116
Fixed Mast Antenna ................................... 3-116
Navigation/Radio System .............................. 3-99
Audio Systems
Radio Personalization ................................. 3-112
Audio System(s)
Radio with Cassette and CD ......................... 3-68
Radio with CD ............................................ 3-57
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-84
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................... 3-111
Setting the Time .......................................... 3-56
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................... 3-112
Understanding Radio Reception ................... 3-114
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........... 3-116
Automatic Headlamp System ............................ 3-15
Automatic Transmission
Fluid .......................................................... 5-24
Operation ................................................... 2-24
B
Backglass Wiper Blade Replacement ................. 5-58
Backing Up .................................................... 4-60
Battery .......................................................... 5-44
2
BATTERY NOT CHARGING ............................. 3-53
Battery Replacement ......................................... 2-7
Battery Run-Down Protection ............................ 3-18
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-36
Before You Drive ............................................ 3-99
Before You Go Off-Roading .............................. 4-16
Brake
Parking ...................................................... 2-26
System Warning Light .................................. 3-32
Brake Adjustment ............................................ 5-43
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-41
Brake Pedal, Throttle ....................................... 2-22
Brake Pedal Travel ......................................... 5-43
Brake Wear ................................................... 5-43
Brakes .......................................................... 5-41
Braking ........................................................... 4-6
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-9
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-19
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-54
Headlamps ................................................. 5-54
Replacement Bulbs ...................................... 5-55
Taillamps and Turn Signal Lamps .................. 5-54
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-71
C
California Fuel .................................................. 5-6
Canada – Customer Assistance .......................... 7-5
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Canadian Roadside Assistance ........................... 7-8
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-113
Carbon Monoxide ................... 4-40, 4-53, 2-14, 2-29
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................ 5-96
Your Cassette Tape Player .......................... 3-114
Your CD and DVD Player ........................... 3-116
Your CDs and DVDs .................................. 3-115
Cargo Cover .................................................. 2-44
Cargo Tie Downs ............................................ 2-44
Cassette Tape Messages ................................. 3-80
CD Adapter Kits ............................................. 3-80
CD Messages ................................ 3-68, 3-83, 3-98
Chains, Tires .................................................. 5-75
Charging System Light .................................... 3-31
Check
Engine Light ............................................... 3-35
Gages Warning Light ................................... 3-41
Check Engine Light ......................................... 3-35
CHECK WASHER FLUID ................................. 3-54
Checking Brake Fluid ...................................... 5-42
Checking Coolant ............................................ 5-28
Checking Engine Oil ........................................ 5-18
Checking Things Under the Hood ...................... 5-12
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................... 1-55
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................... 5-99
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................... 1-32
Infants and Young Children ........................... 1-28
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) .......................... 1-38
Older Children ............................................. 1-26
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System ................................... 1-40
Securing a Child Restraint in
a Rear Outside Seat Position ..................... 1-40
Securing a Child Restraint in
the Center Seat Position ........................... 1-42
Securing a Child Restraint in
the Right Front Seat Position ..................... 1-43
Top Strap ................................................... 1-36
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................ 1-37
Where to Put the Restraint ........................... 1-35
Chime Level Adjustment ................................. 3-116
Cigarette Lighter ............................................. 3-19
Cleaning
Inside of Your Vehicle .................................. 5-93
Outside of Your Vehicle ................................ 5-96
3
Cleaning (cont.)
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-99
Video Screen ............................................ 3-116
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-96
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels .............................. 5-98
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ....................... 5-97
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet .................................... 5-93
Cleaning Glass Surfaces .................................. 5-95
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components ................. 5-95
Cleaning Leather ............................................ 5-95
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel ........... 5-95
Cleaning the Windshield, Backglass
and Wiper Blades ........................................ 5-98
Cleaning Tires ................................................ 5-98
Cleaning Vinyl ................................................ 5-95
Climate Control System
Climate Controls Personalization .................... 3-26
Dual Automatic ............................................ 3-20
Rear .......................................................... 3-25
Compass Calibration ....................................... 2-32
Compass Operation ......................................... 2-31
Compass Variance .......................................... 2-32
Content Theft-Deferrent .................................... 2-17
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-6
Convenience Net ............................................ 2-43
4
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-34
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-23
Cooling System .............................................. 5-32
Cruise Control ................................................ 3-10
Cruise Control Light ........................................ 3-40
CURB VIEW ACTIVATED ................................. 3-55
Current and Past Model Order Forms ................ 7-13
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-8
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Program for Persons with
Disabilities ................................................ 7-6
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .... 7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government .............................. 7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ......................... 7-11
Roadside Assistance Program ......................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-12
D
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ......................... 3-16
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Defogging and Defrosting ................................. 3-23
Delayed Locking ............................................. 2-10
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-3
Dome Lamp Override ...................................... 3-17
Dome Lamps ................................................. 3-18
Door
Delayed Locking .......................................... 2-10
Locks .......................................................... 2-8
Power Door Locks ......................................... 2-9
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-13
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-13
DRIVER DOOR AJAR ..................................... 3-54
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-43
DIC Operation and Displays .......................... 3-43
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-52
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-29
City ........................................................... 4-34
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Driving (cont.)
Drunken ....................................................... 4-3
Freeway ..................................................... 4-35
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-38
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-31
Winter ........................................................ 4-40
Driving Across an Incline .................................. 4-25
Driving Downhill .............................................. 4-24
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow or Ice .................... 4-27
Driving in Water .............................................. 4-28
Driving On Grades .......................................... 4-61
Driving on Off-Road Hills ................................. 4-20
Driving on Snow or Ice .................................... 4-41
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ............... 4-33
Driving Through Flowing Water ......................... 4-33
Driving Uphill .................................................. 4-22
Driving with a Trailer ....................................... 4-59
Dual Automatic Climate Control System ............. 3-20
DVD
Cleaning the Video Screen .......................... 3-116
Distortion .................................................. 3-114
Rear Seat Entertainment System ................... 3-99
DVD Player .................................................. 3-100
5
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ..................................... 5-102
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-103
Headlamps ............................................... 5-102
Power Windows and Other Power Options .... 5-102
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................. 5-102
Electronically Controlled Air Suspension System .... 4-52
Emergency Release for Opening Liftgate ............ 2-14
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs ................................................... 3-38
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-23
Battery ....................................................... 5-44
Change Engine Oil Light ............................... 3-39
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............ 3-35
Coolant ...................................................... 5-27
Coolant Heater ............................................ 2-23
Coolant Temperature Gage ........................... 3-34
Drive Belt Routing ....................................... 6-15
Engine Compartment Overview ...................... 5-14
Exhaust ..................................................... 2-29
Fan Noise .................................................. 5-38
Oil ............................................................. 5-18
Overheating ................................................ 5-29
6
Engine (cont.)
Reduced Power Light ................................... 3-40
Starting ...................................................... 2-21
Engine Compartment Fuse Block ..................... 5-103
ENGINE COOLANT HOT/ENGINE
OVERHEATED ............................................ 3-53
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-21
Entertainment System
Cleaning the Video Screen .......................... 3-116
DVD Distortion .......................................... 3-114
Entry Lighting ................................................. 3-18
Environmental Concerns .................................. 4-18
Erasing HomeLink® Buttons .............................. 2-39
Event Data Records (EDR) .............................. 7-10
Exit Lighting ................................................... 3-18
Express Down Window .................................... 2-16
Extender, Safety Belt ....................................... 1-25
Exterior Lamps ............................................... 3-14
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-23
Finding a Program Type (PTY)
Station (RDS and XM™) .............. 3-61, 3-72, 3-88
Finding a Station ............................ 3-59, 3-70, 3-86
Finish Care .................................................... 5-97
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-99
Fixed Mast Antenna ....................................... 3-116
Flash-to-Pass ................................................... 3-9
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-78
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-79
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ................................ 5-24
Power Steering ........................................... 5-39
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-40
FM Stereo .................................................... 3-114
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-16
Following Distance .......................................... 4-60
Front Axle ...................................................... 5-53
Front Storage Area ......................................... 2-41
Fuel ............................................................... 5-4
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-6
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .................... 5-11
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-8
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-7
Gage ......................................................... 3-42
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-5
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Low Warning Light ....................................... 3-42
Fuel Information .............................................. 3-45
FUEL LEVEL LOW ......................................... 3-54
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-103
Windshield Wiper ....................................... 5-102
G
Gage
Check Gages Warning Light .......................... 3-41
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-34
Fuel .......................................................... 3-42
Oil Pressure ............................................... 3-38
Speedometer .............................................. 3-29
Tachometer ................................................. 3-29
Voltmeter Gage ........................................... 3-32
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-36
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-5
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Gate Ajar Light ............................................... 3-41
Gate Operator and Canadian Programming ........ 2-39
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving ................ 4-18
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-40
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities ............................................. 7-6
7
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Head Restraints ............................................... 1-5
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .................... 3-9
Headlamps .................................................... 5-54
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-54
Electrical System ....................................... 5-102
Headphones ................................................. 3-106
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-3
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-37
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-38
Hitches .......................................................... 4-57
HomeLink® Transmitter .................................... 2-36
HomeLink® Transmitter, Programming ................ 2-37
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-12
Release ..................................................... 5-12
Horn ............................................................... 3-7
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank ............................................ 5-34
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator .................. 5-36
How to Add Fluid ............................................ 5-26
How to Check ........................................ 5-25, 5-68
How to Check Lubricant ................................... 5-52
8
How to Check Power Steering Fluid .................. 5-39
How to Inspect ............................................... 5-24
How to Use This Manual ...................................... ii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-13
Hydroplaning .................................................. 4-32
I
ICE POSSIBLE .............................................. 3-54
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine .......... 5-31
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ............... 5-30
If the Light is Flashing ..................................... 3-36
If the Light Is On Steady ................................. 3-37
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard ......................... 4-42
If You Are Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ....... 4-44
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer ..................... 4-54
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-20
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-28
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-67
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-28
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Instrument Panel Brightness ............................. 3-17
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-17
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-45
K
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-5
Keys ............................................................... 2-3
L
Lamps
Exterior ......................................................
Interior .......................................................
Lamps On Reminder .......................................
Lap-Shoulder Belt ................................... 1-13,
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System ..............................
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running ......
LEFT REAR DOOR AJAR ................................
Liftgate Release ..............................................
Liftgate/Liftglass ..............................................
3-14
3-17
3-15
1-21
1-38
1-40
2-13
2-28
3-55
2-14
2-14
Liftglass/Liftgate .............................................. 2-14
Light
Air Bag Readiness ....................................... 3-30
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ................... 3-34
Brake System Warning ................................. 3-32
Change Engine Oil ...................................... 3-39
Charging System ......................................... 3-31
Check Gages Warning ................................. 3-41
Cruise Control ............................................. 3-40
Gate Ajar ................................................... 3-41
Low Fuel Warning ....................................... 3-42
Malfunction Indicator .................................... 3-35
Reduced Engine Power ................................ 3-40
Safety Belt Reminder ................................... 3-30
Security ..................................................... 3-40
Service All-Wheel-Drive ................................ 3-41
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror ............................... 2-17
Listening to a DVD ................................. 3-83, 3-98
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-46
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road Driving .......... 4-17
Locking Rear Axle ........................................... 4-11
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-13
Locks
Delayed Locking .......................................... 2-10
Door ........................................................... 2-8
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-13
9
Locks (cont.)
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-13
Power Door .................................................. 2-9
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-10
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-13
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-15
Low Fuel Warning Light ................................... 3-42
Luggage Carrier .............................................. 2-42
Lumbar
Power Controls ............................................. 1-2
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-6
At Each Fuel Fill ........................................... 6-9
At Least Once a Month .................................. 6-9
At Least Once a Year .................................. 6-10
Introduction .................................................. 6-2
Maintenance Footnotes .................................. 6-7
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-16
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-14
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-12
10
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-3
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Maintenance When Trailer Towing ..................... 4-62
Making Turns ................................................. 4-60
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-35
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle ............... 2-6
Memory Seat ................................................. 2-45
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-52
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands) – Customer Assistance ......... 7-5
Mirror Operation ............................................. 2-31
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar®
and Compass .......................................... 2-31
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror with Curb
View Assist ............................................. 2-34
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-34
Outside Heated Mirrors ................................ 2-34
Outside Power Mirror ................................... 2-33
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-4
N
Navigation/Radio System .................................. 3-99
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-19
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-14
O
Odometer ...................................................... 3-29
Off-Road Recovery .......................................... 4-13
Oil
Change Engine Oil Light ............................... 3-39
Engine ....................................................... 5-18
Pressure Gage ............................................ 3-38
OIL PRESSURE LOW/STOP ENGINE ............... 3-53
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-26
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-4
OnStar® Personal Calling ................................. 2-36
OnStar® Services ............................................ 2-35
OnStar® System ............................................. 2-35
OnStar® Virtual Advisor .................................... 2-36
Operating Your All-Wheel-Drive Vehicle Off
Paved Roads .............................................. 4-16
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-6
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-24
Outside
Automatic Dimming Mirror with
Curb View Assist ...................................... 2-34
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-34
Heated Mirrors ............................................ 2-34
Power Mirror ............................................... 2-33
Overhead Console .......................................... 2-40
Overseas – Customer Assistance ........................ 7-5
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-9
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
Owner’s Information ........................................ 7-13
P
Park (P)
Shifting Into ................................................
Shifting Out of ............................................
Parking
Brake ........................................................
Over Things That Burn .................................
Parking on Hills ..............................................
PASSENGER DOOR AJAR ..............................
Passing ................................................. 4-13,
Passlock® ......................................................
2-27
2-28
2-26
2-29
4-61
3-54
4-60
2-19
11
Personalization ............................................... 3-46
Personalization, Climate Controls ...................... 3-26
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................ 7-8
Playing a Cassette Tape .................................. 3-78
Playing a CD ................................. 3-66, 3-81, 3-93
Playing a Specific Loaded CD .......................... 3-94
Playing the Radio ........................... 3-58, 3-69, 3-85
Power
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-19
Door Locks .................................................. 2-9
Electrical System ....................................... 5-102
Lumbar Controls ........................................... 1-2
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-4
Reduced Engine Light .................................. 3-40
Seat ............................................................ 1-2
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-39
Windows .................................................... 2-16
Power Steering ............................................... 4-11
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-10
Programmable Locking Feature ......................... 2-11
Programmable Unlocking Feature ...................... 2-12
Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter ........... 2-37
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-12
12
R
Radiator Pressure Cap .................................... 5-29
Radio Data System (RDS) ............... 3-57, 3-69, 3-84
Radio Messages ..................................... 3-63, 3-75
Radios .......................................................... 3-56
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player ............... 3-114
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-116
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-115
Navigation/Radio System .............................. 3-99
Radio Personalization ................................. 3-112
Radio with Cassette and CD ......................... 3-68
Radio with CD ............................................ 3-57
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-84
Rear Seat Audio ........................................ 3-111
Setting the Time .......................................... 3-56
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-112
Understanding Reception ............................ 3-114
RDS Messages .............................. 3-62, 3-74, 3-89
Reading Lamps .............................................. 3-18
REAR ACCESS OPEN .................................... 3-54
Rear Axle ...................................................... 5-51
Locking ...................................................... 4-11
Rear Climate Control System ............................ 3-25
Rear Door Security Locks ................................ 2-13
Rear Floor Storage Lid .................................... 2-43
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ...................... 1-23
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) .................................. 3-111
Rear Seat Entertainment System ....................... 3-99
Rear Seat Operation ......................................... 1-5
Rear Seat Passenger Positions ......................... 1-20
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-20
Rear Underseat Fuse Block ............................ 5-110
Rear Window Defogger .................................... 3-24
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming
with OnStar® and Compass .......................... 2-31
Reclining Seatbacks, Power ............................... 1-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-12
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-45
Reduced Engine Power Light ............................ 3-40
Remote Control ............................................. 3-103
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-5
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-6
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire ............................................. 5-86
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-80
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-55
Replacing Brake System Parts .......................... 5-44
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash ..... 1-56
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-12
General Motors ........................................... 7-12
United States Government ............................ 7-11
Reprogramming a Single HomeLink® Button ....... 2-40
Resetting Defaults ........................................... 2-40
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-55
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash .......................................... 1-56
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................... 1-55
Replacing Parts ........................................... 1-56
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-21
RFA # BATTERY LOW .................................... 3-55
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-20
RIGHT REAR DOOR AJAR .............................. 3-55
Roadside
Assistance Program ....................................... 7-6
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-45
Routing, Engine Drive Belt ............................... 6-15
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-30
13
S
Safety Belt
Reminder Light ............................................ 3-30
Safety Belts
Care of ...................................................... 5-96
Driver Position ............................................ 1-13
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 1-13
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ..... 1-12
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
for Children and Small Adults ..................... 1-23
Rear Seat Passengers ................................. 1-20
Right Front Passenger Position ...................... 1-20
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-25
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-19
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ......................... 1-7
Safety Chains ................................................. 4-58
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scanning the Terrain ....................................... 4-19
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Seats
Head Restraints ............................................ 1-5
Heated Seats ............................................... 1-3
Memory ..................................................... 2-45
Power Lumbar .............................................. 1-2
14
Seats (cont.)
Power Reclining Seatbacks ............................. 1-4
Power Seats ................................................. 1-2
Rear Seat Operation ...................................... 1-5
Securing a Child Restraint
Center Seat Position .................................... 1-42
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-40
Rear Outside Seat Position ........................... 1-40
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-43
Security Light ................................................. 3-40
Security While You Travel .................................. 7-6
Select ........................................................... 3-52
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle .......................................... 5-4
All-Wheel-Drive Light .................................... 3-41
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-3
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-35
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-12
SERVICE AIR BAG ......................................... 3-53
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM ............................. 3-53
Service Bulletins ............................................. 7-12
Service Manuals ............................................. 7-12
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only) ....... 3-62, 3-73, 3-89
Setting Preset Stations .................... 3-59, 3-71, 3-86
Setting the Time ............................................. 3-56
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble) .......... 3-60, 3-71, 3-87
Sheet Metal Damage ....................................... 5-99
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-27
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-28
Skidding ........................................................ 4-15
Snow Plow .................................................... 4-53
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips ....................... 4-33
Spare Tire ..................................................... 5-92
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems ..................... 5-94
Specifications, Capacities ............................... 5-113
Speedometer .................................................. 3-29
Stalling on an Incline ....................................... 4-27
Starting Your Engine ....................................... 2-21
Steering ........................................................ 4-11
Steering in Emergencies .................................. 4-12
Steering Tips .................................................. 4-11
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................... 3-113
Stereo RCA Jacks ......................................... 3-107
Storage Areas
Convenience Net ......................................... 2-43
Front Storage Area ...................................... 2-41
Glove Box .................................................. 2-40
Luggage Carrier .......................................... 2-42
Storage Areas (cont.)
Overhead Console .......................................
Rear Floor Storage Lid .................................
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...............
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ......................
Sun Visors .....................................................
Sunglasses Storage Compartment .....................
Sunroof .........................................................
2-40
2-43
5-90
4-44
2-17
2-41
2-45
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-29
Taillamps
Turn Signal Lamps ...................................... 5-54
Testing the Alarm ............................................ 2-18
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................... 3-112
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-17
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................ 2-17
Passlock® ................................................... 2-19
Throttle, Adjustable .......................................... 2-22
TIGHTEN FUEL CAP ...................................... 3-55
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-7
Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................... 5-59
Tire Size ....................................................... 5-63
15
Tire Terminology and Definitions ........................ 5-64
Tires ............................................................. 5-59
Buying New Tires ........................................ 5-71
Chains ....................................................... 5-75
Changing a Flat Tire .................................... 5-79
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-78
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 5-67
Inspection and Rotation ................................ 5-68
Spare Tire .................................................. 5-92
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................... 5-72
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-73
Wheel Replacement ..................................... 5-74
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................... 5-70
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater .................... 2-23
Top Strap ...................................................... 1-36
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................... 1-37
Torque Lock ................................................... 2-28
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires .................. 4-57
Towing
Recreational Vehicle ..................................... 4-45
Towing a Trailer .......................................... 4-53
Your Vehicle ............................................... 4-45
Traction
Assist System (TAS) ...................................... 4-9
Trailer Brakes ................................................. 4-58
Trailer Wiring Harness ..................................... 4-63
16
Transfer Case ................................................ 5-51
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-24
Transmission Operation, Automatic .................... 2-24
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
Repair Manual ............................................ 7-12
Transportation Options ...................................... 7-8
Travel Note Recorder ...................................... 2-41
Traveling to Remote Areas ............................... 4-18
Trip Information .............................................. 3-44
Trip Odometer ................................................ 3-29
Turn and Lane Change Signals .......................... 3-8
TURN SIGNAL ON ......................................... 3-53
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-7
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer .................. 4-60
U
Understanding Radio Reception ....................... 3-114
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-72
United States – Customer Assistance .................. 7-5
Used Replacement Wheels .............................. 5-75
Using Cleaner on Fabric .................................. 5-94
Using HomeLink® ........................................... 2-39
Using Song List Mode ..................................... 3-96
V
W
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-6
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Loading ...................................................... 4-46
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Records ..................................... 7-10
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................ 5-101
Service Parts Identification Label .................. 5-101
Vehicle Personalization
Memory Seat .............................................. 2-45
Vehicle Storage .............................................. 5-45
Video Screen ................................................ 3-103
Visor Vanity Mirror .......................................... 2-17
Visors ........................................................... 2-17
Voltmeter Gage .............................................. 3-32
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-27
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-52
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-6
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................... 5-96
Weight Distributing Hitches and
Weight Carrying Hitches ............................... 4-57
Weight of the Trailer ........................................ 4-55
Weight of the Trailer Tongue ............................. 4-56
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................ 5-20
What to Add .................................................. 5-42
What to Do with Used Oil ................................ 5-23
What to Use .......................... 5-27, 5-39, 5-40, 5-52
17
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-73
Replacement ............................................... 5-74
When to Add Engine Oil .................................. 5-19
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System) ................................... 5-22
When to Check .............................................. 5-67
When to Check and Change ............................ 5-24
When to Check Lubricant ................................. 5-51
When to Check Power Steering Fluid ................ 5-39
When to Inspect ............................................. 5-23
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill ......................................... 4-62
Where to Put the Restraint ............................... 1-35
Why Safety Belts Work ..................................... 1-8
Window Lockout ............................................. 2-16
Windows ....................................................... 2-15
Power ........................................................ 2-16
Windshield Washer ......................................... 3-10
Fluid .......................................................... 5-40
18
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-56
Fuses ...................................................... 5-102
Windshield Wipers ............................................ 3-9
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-40
X
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............. 3-116
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States) ... 3-58, 3-69, 3-85, 3-114
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2