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Global VPN Client Administrator's Guide
PROTECTION AT THE SPEED OF BUSINESS™
Table of Contents
SonicWALL Global VPN Client ......................................... 5
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Features .............................................. 5
New Features in SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 ............................ 6
Global VPN Client Enterprise/Global Security Client ............................ 7
About this Guide.............................................................. 7
Using the Right Administrator’s Guides................................................. 7
Conventions Used in this Guide ............................................................ 8
Icons Used in this Guide ....................................................................... 8
Copyright Notice.................................................................................... 8
Limited Warranty ................................................................................... 9
Installing the SonicWALL Global VPN Client .................... 9
Using the Setup Wizard....................................................................... 10
Adding VPN Connection Policies ................................... 12
Understanding VPN Connection Policies ............................................ 12
Understanding Digital Certificates ....................................................... 13
Using the New Connection Wizard...................................................... 13
Creating a VPN Connection Policy...................................................... 13
Importing a VPN Configuration File..................................................... 15
Configuring a Dial-Up VPN Connection .............................................. 16
Launching the SonicWALL Global VPN Client ................ 17
Making VPN Connections .............................................. 17
Accessing Redundant VPN Gateways ................................................ 18
Enabling a VPN Connection................................................................ 18
Establishing Multiple Connections....................................................... 19
Entering a Pre-Shared Key ................................................................. 20
Selecting a Certificate ......................................................................... 20
Username and Password Authentication ............................................ 20
Connection Warning............................................................................ 21
Disabling a VPN Connection .......................................... 21
Checking the Status of a VPN Connection ..................... 21
Page 2 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Creating a VPN Policy Shortcut ..................................... 22
Specifying Global VPN Client Launch Options ............... 23
Managing the Global VPN Client System Tray Icon ........ 23
Managing VPN Connection Policy Properties................. 24
General................................................................................................ 24
User Authentication ............................................................................. 25
Peers ................................................................................................... 26
Status .................................................................................................. 28
Managing VPN Connection Policies ............................... 29
Arranging Connection Policies ............................................................ 29
Renaming a Connection Policy ........................................................... 29
Deleting a Connection Policy .............................................................. 29
Selecting All Connection Policies ........................................................ 29
Managing Certificates ................................................... 30
Troubleshooting the SonicWALL Global VPN Client ....... 30
Understanding the Global VPN Client Log .......................................... 31
Configuring the Log ............................................................................. 32
Generating a Help Report ................................................................... 33
Accessing Technical Support .............................................................. 34
Viewing Help Topics............................................................................ 34
Uninstalling the SonicWALL Global VPN Client (Windows 98 SE) ..... 34
Configuring SonicWALL Security Appliances for
Global VPN Clients ........................................................ 34
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Licenses ............................................ 35
Group VPN Connections Supported by Each SonicWALL Model....... 35
Activating Your SonicWALL Global VPN Clients................................. 36
Downloading Global VPN Client Software and Documentation .......... 36
SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide Page 3
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR THE
SONICWALL GLOBAL VPN CLIENT ............................... 37
LICENSE ............................................................................................. 37
EXPORTS LICENSE........................................................................... 38
SUPPORT SERVICES........................................................................ 38
UPGRADES ........................................................................................ 38
COPYRIGHT ....................................................................................... 38
U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS .................................... 38
MISCELLANEOUS.............................................................................. 39
TERMINATION.................................................................................... 39
LIMITED WARRANTY......................................................................... 39
CUSTOMER REMEDIES .................................................................... 39
NO OTHER WARRANTIES ................................................................ 39
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY................................................................. 39
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Support.......................... 40
Appendix A - Creating and Deploying the Default.rcf File for
Global VPN Clients ........................................................ 40
How the Global VPN Client uses the default.rcf File ........................... 40
Deploying the default.rcf File............................................................... 40
Creating the default.rcf File ................................................................. 42
Sample default.rcf File......................................................................... 44
Troubleshooting the deafult.rcf File ..................................................... 47
Appendix B - SonicWALL Global VPN Client Installation Using
the InstallShield Silent Response File ............................ 47
Creating the Silent Installation............................................................. 47
Playing Back the Silent Installation ..................................................... 48
Using Setup.log to Check for Errors.................................................... 48
Appendix C - Running the Global VPN Client from the
Command Line Interface ............................................... 49
Command Line Options....................................................................... 49
Command Line Examples ................................................................... 49
Page 4 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Appendix D - Installing the Global VPN Client with a
Ghost Application.......................................................... 50
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages ................................ 50
SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide Page 5
SonicWALL Global VPN Client
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client creates a Virtual Private Network (VPN) connection between your
computer and the corporate network to maintain the confidentiality of private data. The Global VPN Client
provides an easy-to-use solution for secure, encrypted access through the Internet or corporate dial-up
facilities for remote users as well as secure wireless networking for SonicWALL Secure Wireless
appliance clients using SonicWALL’s WiFiSec technology.
Custom developed by SonicWALL, the Global VPN Client combines with GroupVPN on SonicWALL
Internet Security Appliances to dramatically streamline VPN deployment and management. Using
SonicWALL’s Client Policy Provisioning technology, the SonicWALL administrator establishes the VPN
connections policies for the Global VPN Clients. The VPN configuration data is transparently downloaded
from the SonicWALL VPN Gateway (SonicWALL Internet Security Appliance) to Global VPN Clients,
removing the burden of provisioning VPN connections from the user.
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Features
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client delivers a robust IPSec VPN solution with these features:
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Easy to Use - Provides an easy-to-follow Installation Wizard to quickly install the product, an easyto-follow Configuration Wizard with common VPN deployment scenarios, point-and-click activation of
VPN connections, and streamlined management tools to minimize support requirements.
Client Policy Provisioning - Using only the IP address or Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of
the SonicWALL VPN gateway, the VPN configuration data is automatically downloaded from the
SonicWALL VPN gateway via a secure IPSec tunnel, removing the burden from the remote user of
provisioning VPN connections.
XAUTH Authentication with RADIUS - Provides added security with user authentication after the
client has been authenticated via a RADIUS server.
VPN Session Reliability - Allows automatic redirect in case of a SonicWALL VPN gateway failure. If
a SonicWALL VPN gateway is down then the Global VPN Client can go through another SonicWALL
VPN gateway.
Multiple Subnet Support - Allows Global VPN Client connections to more than one subnet in the
configuration to increase networking flexibility.
Third-Party Certificate Support - Supports VeriSign, Entrust, Microsoft, and Netscape Certificate
Authorities (CAs) for enhanced user authentication.
Tunnel All Support - Provides enhanced security by blocking all traffic not directed to the VPN tunnel
to prevent Internet attacks from entering the corporate network through a VPN connection.
DHCP over VPN Support - Allows IP address provisioning across a VPN tunnel for the corporate
network while allowing WAN DHCP for Internet Access from the ISP.
Secure VPN Configuration - Critical Global VPN Client configuration information is locked from the
user to prevent tampering.
AES and 3DES Encryption - Supports 168-bit key 3DES (Data Encryption Standard) and the new
U.S. Government encryption standard AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) for dramatically
increased security. AES requires SonicOS 2.0.
GMS Management - Allows Global VPN Client connections to be managed by SonicWALL’s awardwinning Global Management System (GMS).
Multi-Platform Client Support - Supports Windows 98 SE, Windows ME, Windows NT 4.0 (service
pack 6 or later), Windows 2000 Professional (service pack 3 or later), Windows XP Professional,
Windows XP Home Edition, and Windows XP Tablet PC Edition.
NAT Traversal - Enables Global VPN Client connections to be initiated from behind any device
performing NAT (Network Address Translation). The SonicWALL Global VPN Client encapsulates
IPSec VPN traffic to pass through NAT devices, which are widely deployed to allow local networks to
use one external IP address for an entire network.
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Page 5
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Automatic Reconnect When Error Occurs - Allows the Global VPN Client to keep retrying a
connection if it encounters a problem connecting to a peer. This feature allows the Global VPN Client
to automatically make a connection to a SonicWALL VPN gateway that is temporarily disabled,
without manual intervention.
Ghost Installation for Large Scale Installations - Enables the Global VPN Client’s virtual adapter
to get its default address after installation and then create a ghost image.
NT Domain Logon Script Support - Allows Global VPN Clients to perform Windows NT/2000
domain authentication after establishing a secure IPSec tunnel. The SonicWALL VPN gateway
passes the logon script as part of the Global VPN Client configuration. This feature allows the VPN
user to have access to mapped network drives and other network services.
Dual Processor Support - Enables the Global VPN Client to operate on dual-processor computers.
Group Policy Management - Global VPN Clients access can be customized and restricted to
specific subnet access (Requires SonicOS Enhanced).
Hub and Spoke VPN Access - Allows IP addressing from SonicWALL VPN Gateway’s DHCP Server
to Global VPN Client for configuring a different subnet for all remote Global VPN Clients than the
subnet of the LAN. Makes hub-and-spoke VPN access simpler. When a Global VPN Client
successfully authenticates with the central site, it receives a virtual IP address that also grants it
access to other trusted VPN sites.
Default VPN Connections File - Enables the SonicWALL administrator to configure and distribute
the corporate VPN connections with the Global VPN Client software to streamline VPN client
deployment.
Integration with Dial-Up Adapter - Allows Global VPN Client connections using Microsoft Dial-Up
Networking or third-party dial-up applications either as an automatic backup to a broadband
connection or as the primary connection.
Single VPN Connection to any SonicWALL Secure Wireless Appliance for Roaming - Allows
users to use a single VPN connection policy to access the networks of multiple SonicWALL Secure
Wireless appliances.
Automatic Configuration of Redundant Gateways from DNS - When an IPSec gateway domain
name resolves to multiple IP addresses, the Global VPN Client (version 2.1.0.0 or higher) uses the
IP addresses in the list as failover gateways.
New Features in SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0
The following new features are supported on the SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 release:
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Tunnel State Display Enhancement - The Global VPN Client now provides additional information
about the state of VPN tunnels. In addition to the states of enabled, disabled, and connected, the
Global VPN Client now indicates when tunnels are authenticating, provisioning, and connecting.
Tunnel Status Pop-Up Window - The Global VPN Client now alerts users when tunnels are
connected or disconnected by displaying a small pop-up window.
Smart Card and USB Token Authentication - The Global VPN Client is now integrated with the
Microsoft Cryptographic Application Program (MS CryptoAPI or MSCAPI), which enables the Global
VPN Client to support user authentication using digital certificates on Smart cards and USB tokens.
NAT-T-IKE-03 Draft Support - To improve compatibility with NAT-T-IKE-03, UDP encapsulation now
uses port 4500 instead of port 500.
DNS Redirect - DNS queries to DNS suffix associated with Virtual Adapter are not sent on the
physical adapter.
Tunnel All Support Enhancement - Provides the ability to route clear traffic to directly connected
network interfaces that are configured with the Route All policy, which is generally used in the WLAN
zone.
Program Auto-Start on VPN Connection - Automatically launches a program, with optional
arguments, when successful VPN connections are established, as specified in the Connection
Properties dialog box.
Page 6 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Global VPN Client Enterprise/Global Security Client
SonicWALL Global Security Client combines gateway enforcement, central management, configuration
flexibility and software deployment to deliver comprehensive desktop security to mobile workers and
corporate networks. Global Security Client protection includes the SonicWALL Distributed Security Client
and the SonicWALL Global VPN Client Enterprise combined with centrally managed security policies via
the SonicWALL Internet Security Appliance and SonicWALL’s industry-leading Distributed Enforcement
Architecture (DEA). Global VPN Client Enterprise provides the same functionality as the Global VPN
Client with the added feature of license sharing.
On the remote client desktop, the SonicWALL Global VPN Client Enterprise, Distributed Security Client
and DEA Client provide client security and secure IPSec VPN access to the corporate network. The
SonicWALL Distributed Security Client enforces firewall protection at the desktop from centrally managed
security policies. The DEA Client monitors the desktop against the security policy, making a real-time
decision to allow or deny network access through a SonicWALL Gateway.
About this Guide
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client Administrator’s Guide provides complete documentation on installing,
configuring, and managing the SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0. This guide also provides instructions
for SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Enterprise, which is included as part of the SonicWALL Global
Security Client.
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client as part of the SonicWALL Global Security Client operates on Windows
2000 (SP3), Windows XP Home (SP1), and Windows XP Professional (SP1) operating systems for
clients. The Global VPN Client as part of the SonicWALL Global Security Client is supported by the
following SonicWALL security appliances and firmware versions:
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SonicWALL TZ 170 running SonicOS Standard or Enhanced 2.1 or higher
SonicWALL PRO Series (PRO 2040/3060/4060/5060) running SonicOS Standard or Enhanced 2.1
or higher.
SonicWALL Internet Security Appliances running firmware version 6.6 or higher.
Using the Right Administrator’s Guides
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client, SonicWALL Global Security Client, and SonicWALL Pocket Global
VPN Client each have their own Administrator Guides.
SonicWALL Global Security Client and Global VPN Client
Because the SonicWALL Global VPN Client is integrated into the SonicWALL Global Security Client, you
need to use the SonicWALL Global Security Client Administrator’s Guide and SonicWALL Global
VPN Client Administrator’s Guide for complete instructions on installing, configuring, using and
managing the Global VPN Client and Global Security Client.
For configuring your SonicWALL security appliance to support the SonicWALL Global Security Clients,
use the SonicWALL Global Security Client Administrator’s Guide.
For configuring your SonicWALL security appliance to support Global VPN Clients using SonicWALL’s
GroupVPN, see the Administrator’s Guide for the firmware or SonicOS version running on your
SonicWALL security appliance.
About this Guide Page 7
SonicWALL Pocket Global VPN Client
Use the SonicWALL Pocket Global VPN Client Administrator’s Guide for complete instructions on
installing, configuring and managing the Pocket Global VPN Client.
For configuring your SonicWALL security appliance to support Pocket Global VPN Clients using
SonicWALL’s GroupVPN, see the Administrator’s Guide for the firmware or SonicOS version running on
your SonicWALL wireless security appliance.
SonicWALL Global VPN Client
If you’re using SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 on Windows 98 SE, use only the SonicWALL Global
VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide.
Tip! Always check http://www.sonicwall.com/support/VPN_documentation.html or the latest version of
this manual and other upgrade manuals as well.
Conventions Used in this Guide
Conventions used in this guide are as follows:
Convention
Use
Bold
Highlights items you can select on the Global VPN Client
interface or the SonicWALL Management Interface.
Italic
Highlights a value to enter into a field. For example, “type
192.168.168.168 in the IP Address field.”
>
Indicates a multiple step menu choice. For example, “select
File>Open” means “select the File menu, then select the
Open item from the File menu.
Icons Used in this Guide
Alert! Important information about features that can affect performance, security features, or cause
potential problems with your SonicWALL.
Tip! Useful information about security features and configurations on your SonicWALL.
Note! Related information to the topic.
Copyright Notice
©
2007 SonicWALL, Inc. All rights reserved.
Under the copyright laws, this manual or the software described within, can not be copied, in whole or
part, without the written consent of the manufacturer, except in the normal use of the software to make a
backup copy. The same proprietary and copyright notices must be affixed to any permitted copies as were
affixed to the original. This exception does not allow copies to be made for others, whether or not sold,
but all of the material purchased (with all backup copies) can be sold, given, or loaned to another person.
Under the law, copying includes translating into another language or format.
SonicWALL is a registered trademark of SonicWALL, Inc. Other product and company names mentioned
herein can be trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Specifications and descriptions subject to change without notice.
Page 8 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Limited Warranty
SonicWALL, Inc. warrants that commencing from the delivery date to Customer (but in any case
commencing not more than ninety (90) days after the original shipment by SonicWALL), and continuing
for a period of twelve (12) months, that the product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship
under normal use. This Limited Warranty is not transferable and applies only to the original end user of
the product. SonicWALL and its suppliers' entire liability and Customer's sole and exclusive remedy under
this limited warranty will be shipment of a replacement product. At SonicWALL's discretion the
replacement product may be of equal or greater functionality and may be of either new or like-new quality.
SonicWALL's obligations under this warranty are contingent upon the return of the defective product
according to the terms of SonicWALL's then-current Support Services policies.
This warranty does not apply if the product has been subjected to abnormal electrical stress, damaged by
accident, abuse, misuse or misapplication, or has been modified without the written permission of
SonicWALL.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY. EXCEPT AS SPECIFIED IN THIS WARRANTY, ALL EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS, AND WARRANTIES INCLUDING, WITHOUT
LIMITATION, ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT, SATISFACTORY QUALITY OR ARISING FROM A
COURSE OF DEALING, LAW, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE, ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY APPLICABLE LAW. TO THE EXTENT AN IMPLIED WARRANTY
CANNOT BE EXCLUDED, SUCH WARRANTY IS LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE WARRANTY
PERIOD. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW
LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. THIS
WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS
WHICH VARY FROM JURISDICTION TO JURISDICTION. This disclaimer and exclusion shall apply
even if the express warranty set forth above fails of its essential purpose.
DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY. SONICWALL'S SOLE LIABILITY IS THE SHIPMENT OF A
REPLACEMENT PRODUCT AS DESCRIBED IN THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY. IN NO EVENT
SHALL SONICWALL OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER,
INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF INFORMATION, OR OTHER PECUNIARY LOSS ARISING OUT OF THE
USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT, OR FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL,
INCIDENTAL, OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES HOWEVER CAUSED AND REGARDLESS OF THE THEORY
OF LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE HARDWARE OR SOFTWARE
EVEN IF SONICWALL OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES. In no event shall SonicWALL or its suppliers' liability to Customer, whether in contract, tort
(including negligence), or otherwise, exceed the price paid by Customer. The foregoing limitations shall
apply even if the above-stated warranty fails of its essential purpose. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR
JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF CONSEQUENTIAL OR
INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Installing the SonicWALL Global VPN Client
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client uses an easy-to-use wizard to guide you through the installation
process. The Global VPN Client supports Windows 98 SE, Windows ME, Windows NT 4.0 (service pack
6 or later), Windows 2000 Professional (service pack 3 or later), Windows XP Professional, Windows XP
Home Edition, and Windows XP Tablet PC Edition.
Alert! Installing the Global VPN Client on Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows XP requires
Administrator rights.
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client requires a SonicWALL Internet Security Appliance running firmware
version 6.4.2.0 (or higher), SonicOS 1.0.0.0 (or higher), SonicOS Standard 2.0.0.0 (or higher), or
SonicOS Enhanced 2.0.0.0 (or higher).
Installing the SonicWALL Global VPN Client Page 9
Tip! For information on the number of SonicWALL Global VPN Client connections supported by your
SonicWALL and Global VPN Client licensing for your SonicWALL, see “SonicWALL Global VPN Client
Licenses” on page 35.
You can upgrade the SonicWALL Global VPN Client from an earlier version to 4.0 without uninstalling the
earlier version.
Alert! If you are upgrading SonicWALL Global VPN Client from an earlier version to 4.0 and want to use
the Retain MAC Address uninstall feature of the SonicWALL Virtual Adapter, you must uninstall the
earlier version before installing Global VPN Client 4.0.
Using the Setup Wizard
The following steps explain how to install the SonicWALL Global VPN Client program using the Setup
Wizard. You use the Setup Wizard for a new Global VPN Client installation or upgrading a previous
version of the SonicWALL Global VPN Client. If you’re upgrading your Global VPN Client software, the
Setup Wizard doesn’t display all the same pages as a new installation.
Alert! Remove any installed 3rd Party VPN client program before installing the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client.
Alert! You must use a Zip program to unzip the SonicWALL Global VPN Client program files before
installing it.
1. Unzip the SonicWALL Global VPN Client program.
2. Double-click setup.exe. The Setup Wizard launches.
3. Click Next to continue installation of the VPN Client.
Page 10 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
4. Close all applications and disable any disk protection and personal firewall software running on your
computer. Click Next.
5. Select I accept the terms of the license agreement. Click Next.
6. Click Next to accept the default location and continue installation or click Browse to specify a different
location.
7. Click Install. The Setup Wizard installs the Global VPN Client files on your computer. After the Setup
Wizard installs the Global VPN Client, the Setup Complete page is displayed.
Installing the SonicWALL Global VPN Client Page 11
8. Select Start program automatically when users log in to automatically launch the VPN Global
Client when you log onto the computer, if desired.
9. Select Launch program now to automatically launch the Global VPN Client after finishing the
installation, if desired.
10. Click Finish.
Adding VPN Connection Policies
Adding a new VPN connection policy is easy because SonicWALL’s Client Policy Provisioning
automatically provides all the necessary configuration information to make a secure connection to the
local or remote network. The burden of configuring the VPN connection parameters is removed from the
Global VPN Client user. VPN connection policies can be created using three methods:
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Download the VPN policy from the SonicWALL VPN Gateway to the Global VPN Client
using the New Connection Wizard. This wizard walks you through the process of locating the source
of your configuration information and automatically downloads the VPN
configuration information over a secure IPSec VPN tunnel.
• Import a VPN policy file into the SonicWALL Global VPN Client. The VPN policy is sent to you as a
file, which you install using the Import Connection dialog box.
• Install the default.rcf file as part of the Global VPN Client software installation or add it after installing
the Global VPN Client. If the SonicWALL VPN Gateway administrator included the default.rcf file as
part of the Global VPN Client software, when the program is installed, one or more preconfigured VPN
connections are automatically created.
Note! Creating a Default.rcf file and distributing it with the Global VPN Client software allows the
SonicWALL VPN Gateway administrator to streamline VPN client deployment and allow users to quickly
establish VPN connections. When the Global VPN Client software is installed, the VPN policy created by
the SonicWALL VPN Gateway administrator is automatically created. For more information on creating
the Default.rcf file, see “Appendix A - Creating and Deploying the Default.rcf File for Global VPN Clients”
on page 40.
Alert! Your SonicWALL must be configured with GroupVPN to facilitate the automatic provisioning of
Global VPN Clients. For instructions on configuring your SonicWALL with GroupVPN, see your
SonicWALL Administrator’s Guide.
Understanding VPN Connection Policies
The Global VPN Client allows multiple connection policies to be configured at the same time, whether they
are provisioned from multiple gateways or imported from one or more files. Because connection policies
may be provisioned from multiple gateways, each connection policy explicitly states allowed behavior in
the presence of any connection policy conflicts. You may have VPN connections that don’t allow other
VPN connections or Internet and network connections while the VPN policy is enabled.
The VPN connection policy includes all the parameters necessary to establish secure IPSec tunnels to
the gateway. A connection policy includes Phase 1 and Phase 2 Security Associations (SA) parameters
including:
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Encryption and authentication proposals
Phase 1 identity payload type
Phase 2 proxy IDs (traffic selectors)
Client Phase 1 credential
Allowed behavior of connection in presence of other active connections
Client caching behavior
Page 12 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Understanding Digital Certificates
If digital certificates are required as part of your VPN connection policy, your gateway administrator must
provide you with the required information to import the certificate. You then need to import the certificate
in the Global VPN Client using the Certificate Manager.
Alert! If digital certificates are required as part of your VPN connection policy, your VPN gateway
administrator must provide you with the required certificates.
Note! For instructions on importing a certificate into the Global VPN Client, see “Managing Certificates”
on page 30.
Using the New Connection Wizard
The New Connection Wizard provides easy configuration for the following VPN connection scenarios:
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Remote Access - You choose this scenario if you want secure access to a remote VPN gateway from
any wired or wireless network. The most common use of this scenario is when you are at home or on
the road and want access to the corporate network. You enter the IP address or FQDN
(gateway.yourcompany.com) of the VPN gateway and the Global VPN Client automatically
downloads the VPN connection policy from the remote
SonicWALL VPN gateway.
Alert! If you are configuring the Global VPN Client for Remote Access, make sure you have the IP
address or FQDN (gateway.yourcompany.com) of the remote SonicWALL VPN gateway and an active
Internet connection before using the New Connection Wizard.
•
Office Gateway - You choose this scenario if you want secure access to a local SonicWALL Secure
Wireless appliance network. When you create an Office Gateway VPN connection, it appears as the
Peer entry of <Default Gateway> in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window. You can use this
single Office Gateway VPN connection policy to roam securely across SonicWALL Secure Wireless
appliance networks.
Alert! If you are configuring the Global VPN Client for Office Gateway, make sure your wireless card is
configured with the correct SSID information to access the SonicWALL Secure Wireless appliance before
using the New Connection Wizard.
Creating a VPN Connection Policy
The following instructions explain how to use the New Connection Wizard to automatically download
VPN connection policies for the Global VPN Client from a local or remote SonicWALL VPN gateway.
1. Choose Start>Programs>SonicWALL Global VPN Client. The first time you open the SonicWALL
Global VPN Client, the New Connection Wizard automatically launches.
2. If the New Connection Wizard does not display, click the New Connection Wizard icon on the far
left side of the toolbar to launch the New Connection Wizard. Click Next.
Adding VPN Connection Policies Page 13
3. In the Choose Scenario page, you can click on View Scenario to view a diagram of each type of
VPN connection.
Clicking on the Remote Access View Scenario links displays the diagram for this type of VPN
connection.
Clicking on the Office Gateway View Scenario link displays the diagram for this type of VPN connection.
4. Select Remote Access or Office Gateway and then click Next.
Page 14 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
5. If you selected Remote Access in the Choose Scenario page, the Remote Access page is
displayed. Type the IP address or FQDN of the gateway in the IP Address or Domain Name field.
The information you type in the IP Address or Domain Name field appears in the Connection Name
field. If you want a different name for your connection, type the new name for your VPN connection
policy in the Connection Name field. Click Next. The Completing the New Connection Wizard
page is displayed.
6. If you selected Office Gateway in the Choose Scenario page, the Completing the New Connection
Wizard page is displayed.
7. In the Completing the New Connection Wizard page select any of the following options:
Select Enable this connection when the program is launched, if you want to automatically
establish this VPN connection when you launch the SonicWALL Global VPN Client.
Select Create a shortcut to this connection on the desktop, if you want to create a shortcut icon
on your desktop for this VPN connection.
8. Click Finish. The new VPN connection policy appears in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window.
Note! You can change the default name by right-clicking the Office Gateway entry and selecting
Properties from the menu. In the General tab of the Properties dialog box, enter the new name in the
Name field.
Importing a VPN Configuration File
A VPN connection policy can be created as a file and sent to you by the SonicWALL VPN gateway
administrator. This VPN configuration file has the filename extension .rcf. If you received a VPN
connection policy file from your administrator, you can install it using the Import Connection dialog box.
The VPN policy file is in the XML format to provide more efficient encoding of policy information. Because
the file can be encrypted, pre-shared keys can also be exported in the file. The encryption method is
specified in the PKCS#5 Password-Based Cryptography Standard from RSA Laboratories and uses
Triple-DES encryption and SHA-1 message digest algorithms.
Adding VPN Connection Policies Page 15
Alert! If your .rcf file is encrypted, you must have the password to import the configuration file into the
Global VPN Client.
The following instructions explain how to add VPN connection policy by importing a connection policy file
provided by your gateway administrator.
1. Choose Start>Programs>SonicWALL Global VPN Client.
2. Select File>Import Connection. The Import Connection dialog box is displayed.
3. Type the file path for the configuration file in the Specify the name of the configuration file to
import field or click the browse ... button to locate the file. If the file is encrypted, enter the password
in the If the file is encrypted, specify the password field.
4. Click OK.
Configuring a Dial-Up VPN Connection
You can use a dial-up Internet connection to establish your VPN connection. You can create a Remote
Access VPN connection policy using the Make New Connection wizard or use an existing VPN
connection policy, and then configure the VPN connection policy to use a Microsoft Dial-Up Networking
phone book entry or a third-party dial-up application. You can also use a dial-up connection as an
automatic backup for your VPN connection in the event your broadband Internet connection is disabled.
Alert! Make sure you create your dial-up connection profile using Microsoft Dial-up Networking or your
third-party dial-up application before configuring your dial-up VPN connection policy.
1. Create a VPN connection policy using the New Connection Wizard or use an existing VPN
connection policy.
2. Right-click the VPN connection policy and select Properties from the menu. The Properties dialog
box is displayed.
3. Click the Peers tab.
4. Click Edit. The Peer Information dialog box is displayed.
5. Use the default Automatic option in the Interface Selection menu, if you want the Global VPN Client
to automatically determine whether to use the LAN or Dial-Up interface based on availability. If the
LAN interface is active, the Global VPN Client uses this interface first. If the LAN interface is not
available, the Global VPN Client uses the dial-up connection. If you want this VPN connection policy
to use a dial-up connection, select Dial-Up Only from the Interface Selection menu.
6. Click Dial-Up Settings. The Dial-Up Settings dialog box is displayed.
7. If you’re using Microsoft Dial-Up Networking, check Use Microsoft dial-up networking and select
the dial-up networking profile from the Phonebook Entry list. Select Do not hang up the modem
when disabling this connection, if you want to remain connected to the Internet after disabling the
Global VPN Client connection.
8. If you’re using a third-party dial-up application, select Use a third-party dial-up application, and
then enter the path for the program in the Application field or click browse ... to locate the program.
9. Click OK three times to return to the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window.
Page 16 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Launching the SonicWALL Global VPN Client
To launch the SonicWALL Global VPN Client, choose Start>Programs>SonicWALL Global VPN
Client.
The default setting for the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window is Hide the window (reopen it from
the tray icon). If you click Close, press Alt+F4 or choose File>Close, the SonicWALL Global VPN Client
window closes but your established VPN connections remain active. A message dialog box appears
notifying you that the Global VPN Client program and any enabled connections will remain active after the
window is closed. If you don’t want this notification message to display every time you close the Global
VPN Client window, check Don’t show me this message again and then click OK.
You can open the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window by double-clicking the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client icon in the system tray or right-clicking the icon, and selecting Open SonicWALL Global VPN
Client.
Alert! Exiting the SonicWALL Global VPN Client from the system tray icon menu disables any active VPN
connections.
Tip! You can change the default launch setting for SonicWALL Global VPN Client, see “Specifying Global
VPN Client Launch Options” on page 23 for more information.
Tip! You can create a shortcut to automatically launch the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window and
make the VPN connection from the desktop, taskbar, or Start menu. See “Creating a VPN Policy Shortcut”
on page 22 for more information.
Tip! You can launch the SonicWALL Global VPN Client from the command line, See “Appendix C Running the Global VPN Client from the Command Line Interface” on page 49 for more information.
Making VPN Connections
Making a VPN connection from the Global VPN Client is easy because the configuration information is
managed by the SonicWALL VPN gateway. The SonicWALL administrator sets the parameters for what
is allowed and not allowed with the VPN connection policy. For example, for security reasons, the
SonicWALL VPN Gateway administrator may not allow multiple VPN connections or the ability to access
the Internet or local network while the VPN connection is enabled.
Launching the SonicWALL Global VPN Client Page 17
The Global VPN Client support two IPSec Keying modes: IKE using Preshared Secret and IKE using 3rd
Party Certificates. Preshared Secret is the most common form of the IPSec Keying modes. If your VPN
connection policy uses 3rd party certificates, you use the Certificate Manager to configure the Global VPN
Client to use digital certificates.
A Pre-Shared Key (also called a Shared Secret) is a predefined field that the two endpoints of a VPN
tunnel use to set up an IKE (Internet Key Exchange) Security Association. This field can be any
combination of Alphanumeric characters with a minimum length of 4 characters and a maximum of 128
characters. Your Pre-Shared Key is typically configured as part of your Global VPN Client provisioning. If
it is not, you are prompted to enter it before you log on to the remote network.
Accessing Redundant VPN Gateways
The Global VPN Client supports redundant VPN gateways by manually adding the peer in the Peers page
of the VPN connection Properties dialog box. See “Peers” on page 26 for more information. The Global
VPN Client version 2.1.0.0 (or higher) adds automatic support for redundant VPN gateways if the IPSec
gateway’s domain name resolves to multiple IP address. For example, if gateway.yourcompany.com
resolves to 67.115.118.7, 67.115.118.8 and 67.115.118.9, the Global VPN Client cycles through these
resolved IP addresses until it finds a gateway that responds, allowing multiple IP addresses to be used
as failover gateways. If all the resolved IP addresses fail to respond, Global VPN Client switches to the
next peer, if another peer is specified in the Peers page of the VPN connection Properties dialog box.
See “Peers” on page 26 for more information.
Note! When configuring redundant VPN gateways, the Group VPN policy attributes (such as pre-shared
keys and the attributes on the Peer Information window) must be the same for every gateway.
Enabling a VPN Connection
Enabling a VPN connection with the SonicWALL Global VPN Client is a transparent two phase process.
Phase 1 enables the connection, which completes the ISAKMP (Internet Security Association and Key
Management Protocol) negotiation. Phase 2 is IKE (Internet Key Exchange) negotiation, which
establishes the VPN connection for sending and receiving data.
When you enable a VPN connection policy, the following information is displayed in the Status column of
the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window:
1. Disabled changes to Connecting.
2. Connecting changes to Authenticating when the Enter Username/Password dialog box is
displayed.
3. Authenticating changes to Connecting when the user enters the username and password.
4. Connecting changes to Provisioning.
5. Provisioning changes to Connected once the VPN connection is fully established. A green
checkmark is displayed on the VPN connection policy icon.
Once the VPN connection is established, a pop-up notification is displayed from the Global VPN Client
system tray icon. It displays the Connection Name, Connected to IP address and the Virtual IP
Address.
If an error occurs during the VPN connection, Error appears in the Status column and an error mark
(red x) appears on the VPN connection policy icon. A VPN policy that doesn’t successfully complete all
phase 2 connections displays a yellow warning symbol on the policy icon.
Note! If the Global VPN Client doesn’t establish the VPN connection, you can use the Log Viewer to view
the error messages to troubleshoot the problem. See “Understanding the Global VPN Client Log” on
page 31 for more information.
Page 18 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
To establish a VPN connection using a VPN connection policy you created in the Global VPN Client,
follow these instructions.
1. Enable a VPN connection policy using one of the following methods:
•
•
If you selected Enable this connection when the program is launched in the New Connection
Wizard, the VPN connection is automatically established when you launch the SonicWALL Global
VPN Client.
If your VPN connection isn’t automatically established when you launch the Global VPN
Client, choose one of the following methods to enable a VPN connection:
Double-click the VPN connection policy.
Right-click the VPN connection policy icon and select Enable from the menu.
Select the VPN connection policy and press Ctrl+B.
Select the VPN connection policy, and click the Enable button on the toolbar
Select the VPN connection policy, and then choose File>Enable.
•
If the Global VPN Client icon is displayed in the system tray, right-click the icon and then select
Enable>connection policy name. The Global VPN Client enables the VPN connection without
opening the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window.
2. Depending on how the VPN connection policy is configured, the Cannot Enable Connection, Enter
Pre-Shared Secret, Enter Username and Password, and Connection Warning dialog boxes may
be displayed, which are explained in the following sections.
Establishing Multiple Connections
You can have more than one connection enabled at a time but it depends on the connection policy
parameters established at the VPN gateway. If you attempt to enable a subsequent VPN connection with
a currently enabled VPN connection policy that does not allow multiple VPN connections, the Cannot
Enable Connection message appears informing you the VPN connection cannot be made because the
currently active VPN policy does not allow multiple active VPN connection. The currently enabled VPN
connection policy must be disabled before enabling the new VPN connection.
Making VPN Connections Page 19
Entering a Pre-Shared Key
Depending on the attributes for the VPN connection policy, if no default Pre-Shared Key is used, you must
have a Pre-Shared Key provided by the gateway administrator in order to make your VPN connection. If
the default Pre-Shared Key is not included as part of the connection policy download or file, the Enter
Pre-Shared Key dialog box appears to prompt you for the Pre-Shared key before establishing the VPN
connection.
1. Type your Pre-Shared Key in the Pre-shared Key field. The Pre-Shared Key is masked for security
purposes.
2. If you want to make sure you’re entering the correct Pre-Shared Key, check Don’t hide the preshared key. The Pre-Shared Key you enter appears unmasked in the Pre-shared Key field.
3. Click OK.
Selecting a Certificate
If the SonicWALL VPN Gateway requires a Digital Certificate to establish your identity for the VPN
connection, the Select Certificate dialog box appears. This dialog box lists all the available certificates
installed on your Global VPN Client. Select the certificate from the menu, then click OK. If you have a
certificate that has not been imported into the Global VPN Client using Certificate Manager, click Import
Certificate.
Note! See “Managing Certificates” on page 30 for more information on using the Certificate Manager.
Username and Password Authentication
The VPN gateway typically specifies the use of XAUTH for determining GroupVPN policy membership by
requiring a username and password either for authentication against the gateway’s internal user database
or via an external RADIUS service.
Page 20 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
If the SonicWALL VPN gateway is provisioned to prompt you for the username and password to enter the
remote network, the Enter Username and Password dialog box appears. Type your username and
password. If permitted by the gatewa y, check Remember Username and Password to cache your
username and password to automatically log in for future VPN connections. Click OK to continue with
establishing your VPN connection.
Connection Warning
If the VPN connection policy allows only traffic to the gateway, the Connection Warning message
appears, warning you that only network traffic destined for the remote network at the other end of the VPN
tunnel is allowed. Any network traffic destined for local network interfaces and the Internet is blocked.
You can disable the Connection Warning message from displaying every time you enable the VPN
connection by checking If yes, don’t show this dialog box again. Click Yes to continue with establishing
your VPN connection.
Disabling a VPN Connection
Disabling a VPN connection terminates the VPN tunnel. You can disable a VPN connection using any of
the following methods:
•
•
•
•
Right-click the SonicWALL Global VPN Client icon on the system tray, and choose
Disable>connection policy.
Right-click the VPN connection policy in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window, and select
Disable.
Select the connection policy, then press Ctrl+B.
Select the connection policy, and click the Disable button on the toolbar in the SonicWALL Global
VPN Client window.
Checking the Status of a VPN Connection
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client includes a variety of indicators to determine the status of your VPN
connections. The default Details view lists your VPN connection policies and their respective status:
Disabled, Enabled, Connected, or Error.
•
•
A successfully connected VPN policy is indicated by a green check mark on the policy icon.
A VPN policy that doesn’t successfully complete all phase 2 connections displays a yellow warning
on the policy icon.
Disabling a VPN Connection Page 21
•
•
•
A VPN policy that cannot be successfully connected displays an error mark (red x) on the
policy icon.
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client icon in the system tray displays a visual indicator of data passing
between the Global VPN Client and the gateway.
The Status page in the Properties dialog box displays more detailed information about the
status of an active VPN connection. To display the Status tab for any VPN connection, use one of
the following methods:
• Double-click the active VPN connection policy.
• Select the VPN connection policy, then press Ctrl+T.
• Select the VPN connection policy, then click the Status button on the toolbar.
• Right-click the VPN connection policy in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window and select
Status.
You can also display the Status page by:
• Right-clicking on the VPN connection policy, then selecting Status from the pop-up menu.
• Selecting the VPN connection policy, then press Ctrl+T.
• Selecting the VPN connection policy, then click the Status button on the toolbar.
Tip! For more information on the Status page, see “Status” on page 28.
Creating a VPN Policy Shortcut
To streamline enabling a VPN connection, you can place a VPN connection policy on the desktop,
taskbar, or Start menu. You can also place the connection policy at any other location on your system.
To create a shortcut:
1. Select the VPN connection policy you want to create a shortcut for in the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client window.
2. Choose File>Create Shortcut and select the shortcut option you want. You can select from On the
Desktop, On the Task Bar, In the Start Menu, or Select a Location.
You can also right-click the VPN connection policy and then choose Create Shortcut>shortcut option.
Tip! You can also create a Desktop shortcut for the SonicWALL Global VPN Client program for easy
access to all your VPN policies.
Page 22 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Specifying Global VPN Client Launch Options
You can specify how the SonicWALL Global VPN Client launches and what notification windows appear
using the controls in the General tab of the Options dialog box. Choose View>Options to display the
Options dialog box.
The General page includes the following settings to control the launch of the Global VPN Client:
•
•
•
•
Start this program when I log in - Launches the SonicWALL Global VPN Client when you log into
your computer.
Warn me before enabling a connection that will block my Internet traffic. Activates Connection
Warning message notifying you that the VPN connection will block local Internet and network traffic.
Remember the last window state (closed or open) the next time the program is
started - Allows the Global VPN Client to remember the last window state (open or closed) the next
time the program is started. For example, a user can launch the Global VPN Client from the system
tray without opening a window on the desktop.
When closing the connections window - Specifies how the Global VPN Client window behaves
after closing. The three options include
Minimize the window (restore it from the task bar) - Minimizes the window to taskbar and
restores it from the taskbar.
Hide the window (re-open it from the tray icon) - The default setting that hides the SonicWALL
Global VPN Client window when you close it. You can open the Global VPN Client from the program
icon in the system tray. Enabling this setting also displays the Show the notification when I hide
the connections window checkbox.
Show the notification when I hide the connections window - Checking this box activates the
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Hide Notification window whenever you close the Global VPN
Client window while the program is still running. The message tells you that the Global VPN Client
program continues to run after you close (hide) the window.
Managing the Global VPN Client System Tray Icon
When you launch the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window, the program icon appears in the system
tray on the taskbar.
This icon provides program and VPN connection status indicators as well as a menu for common
SonicWALL Global VPN Client commands. Right clicking on the SonicWALL Global VPN Client icon in
the system tray displays a menu of options for managing the program.
•
•
Open SonicWALL Global VPN Client - Opens the program window.
Enable - Displays a menu of VPN connection policies.
Specifying Global VPN Client Launch Options Page 23
•
•
Disable - Allows you to disable active VPN connections.
Open Log Viewer - Opens the Log Viewer to view informational and error messages. See page 31
for more information on the Log Viewer.
• Open Certificate Manager - Opens the Certificate Manager. See page 30 for more information on
the Certificate Manager.
• Exit - Exits the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window and disables any active VPN connections.
Moving the mouse pointer over the SonicWALL Global VPN Client icon in the system tray displays the
number of enabled VPN connections.
The Global VPN Client icon in the system tray also acts as a visual indicator of data passing between the
Global VPN Client and the SonicWALL gateway.
Managing VPN Connection Policy Properties
The Connection Properties dialog box includes the controls for configuring a specific VPN connection
profile. To open the Connection Properties dialog box, choose one of the following methods:
•
•
•
Select the connection policy and choose File>Properties.
Right click the connection policy and select Properties.
Select the connection policy and click the Properties button on the SonicWALL Global VPN Client
window toolbar.
The Connection Properties dialog box includes the General, User Authentication, Peers and Status
tabs.
General
The General page in the Connection Properties dialog box includes the following settings:
•
•
Name - Displays the name of your VPN connection policy.
Description - Displays a pop-up text about the connection policy. The text appears when your mouse
pointer moves over the VPN connection policy.
Page 24 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
•
Attributes - Defines the status of Tunnel All support. These settings are controlled at the SonicWALL
VPN gateway.
Other traffic allowed - If enabled, your computer can access the local network or Internet
connection while the VPN connection is active.
Default traffic tunneled to peer - If activated, all network traffic not routed to the SonicWALL VPN
gateway is blocked. When you enable the VPN connection with this feature active, the Connection
Warning message appears.
Use virtual IP address - Allows the VPN Client to get its IP address via DHCP through the VPN
tunnel from the gateway.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Enable this connection when the program is launched - Establishes the VPN connection policy
as the default VPN connection when you launch the SonicWALL Global VPN Client.
Immediately establish security when connection is enabled - Negotiates the first phase of IKE as
soon as the connection is enabled instead of waiting for network traffic transmission to begin. This
setting is enabled by default.
Automatically reconnect when an error occurs - With this feature enabled, if the Global VPN Client
encounters a problem connecting to the peer, it keeps retrying to make the connection. This feature
allows a Global VPN Client to make a connection to a VPN connection that is temporarily disabled,
without manual intervention. If the connection error is due to an incorrect configuration, such as the
DNS or IP address of the peer gateway, then the connection must be manually corrected. Check the
Log Viewer to determine the problem and then edit the connection. This option is enabled by default.
If an error occurs with this option disabled during an attempted connection, the Global VPN Client logs
the error, displays an error message dialog box, and stops the connection attempt.
Automatically reconnect when waking from sleep or hibernation - Automatically re-enables the
VPN connection policy after the computer wakes from a sleep or hibernation state. This setting is
disabled by default.
Execute logon script when connected - Allows the Global VPN Client to perform domain
authentication after logging into the SonicWALL VPN Gateway and establishing a secure tunnel.
Run the following command when connection is established - Allows a program to be
automatically executed, with optional arguments, when successful VPN connections are established.
User Authentication
The User Authentication page allows you to specify a username and password when user
authentication is required by the gateway. If the SonicWALL VPN gateway does not support the saving
(caching) of a username and password, the settings in this page are not active and the message The peer
does not allow saving of username and password appears at the bottom of the page.
•
Remember my username and password - Enables the saving of your username and password for
connecting to the SonicWALL VPN gateway.
Managing VPN Connection Policy Properties Page 25
•
•
Username - Enter the username provided by your gateway administrator.
Password - Enter the password provided by your gateway administrator.
Peers
The Peers page allows you to specify an ordered list of VPN gateway peers that this connection policy
can use (multiple entries allow a VPN connection to be established through multiple VPN gateways). An
attempt is made to establish a VPN connection to the given VPN gateway peers in the order they appear
in the list.
•
•
•
To add a peer, click Add. In the Peer Information dialog box, enter the IP address or DNS Name in
the IP Address or DNS Name box, then click OK.
To edit a peer entry, select the peer name and click Edit. In the Peer Information dialog box, make
your changes, then click OK.
To delete a peer entry, select the peer entry and click Remove.
Peer Information Dialog Box
The Peer Information dialog box allows you to add or edit peer information.
Note! When configuring redundant VPN gateways, the Group VPN policy attributes (such as pre-shared
keys and the attributes on the Peer Information window) must be the same for every gateway.
•
•
•
IP Address or DNS Name - Specifies the peer VPN gateway IP address or DNS name.
Use the default gateway as the peer IP address - Specifies the default gateway as the peer IP
address.
Detect when this peer stops responding (Dead Peer Detection) - Automatically initiates VPN
connection again if the VPN gateway does not respond for three consecutive heart beats. The Global
VPN Client exchanges “heart beat” packets to detect if the peer gateway is alive. This setting is
enabled by default.
Page 26 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
•
DPD Settings - Displays the Dead Peer Detection Settings dialog box.
Check for dead peer every - choose from 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, or 30 seconds.
Assume peer is dead after - choose from 3, 4, or 5 Failed Checks.
Specify the conditions under which DPD packets will be sent - Choose either Only when no
traffic is received from the peer or whether or not traffic is received from the peer.
•
NAT Traversal - Choose one of the following three menu options:
Automatic - Automatically determines whether NAT traversal is forced on or disabled.
Forced On - Forces the use of UDP encapsulation of IPSec packets even when there is no NAPT/
NAT device in between the peers.
Disabled - Disables use of UDP encapsulation of IPSec packets between the peers.
•
Interface Selection - Defines the interface used by this VPN connection policy.
Automatic - Automatically determines the availability of each interface beginning with the LAN
interface. If the LAN interface is not available, the Global VPN Client uses the Dial-Up interface.
LAN Only - Defaults to the LAN interface only.
Dial-Up Only - Defaults to the Dial-Up interface only.
•
LAN Settings - Displays LAN Settings dialog box for specifying the setting used when this
connection is enabled over the LAN. Type the IP address in the Next Hop IP Address field to specify
the IP address of a different route than the default route. Leaving the setting as zeros instructs the
Global VPN Client to use the default route.
•
Dial-Up Settings - Displays the Dial-Up Settings dialog box, which allows you to select the dial-up
profile to use making a dial-up VPN connection.
Use Microsoft dial-up networking - Uses the Microsoft dial-up networking profile you specify for
making the VPN connection. Select the Dial-up networking profile from the Phonebook Entry list.
Check the Do not hang up the modem when disabling this connection to keep the dial-up
network connection active after disabling the VPN connection.
Use a third-party dial-up application - Select this option to use a third party dial-up program. Type
the path in the Application field or use the browse ... button to locate the program.
•
•
Response Timeout (in seconds) - Specifies a timeout value for the VPN connection attempt.
Maximum Send Attempts - Specifies the number of IKE negotiation retries.
Managing VPN Connection Policy Properties Page 27
Status
The Status page shows the current status of the connection.
•
Connection
Status - Indicates whether VPN connection policy is enabled or disabled.
Peer IP Address - Displays the IP address of the VPN connection peer.
Duration - Displays connection time.
Details - Displays the Connection Status Details dialog box, which specifies the negotiated phase
1 and phase 2 parameters as well as the status of all individual phase 2 SAs.
•
Activity
Packets - Displays number of packets sent and received through VPN tunnel.
Bytes - Displays number of bytes sent and received through VPN tunnel.
Reset - Resets the status information.
•
Virtual IP Configuration
IP Address - The IP address assigned via DHCP through the VPN tunnel from the VPN gateway.
Subnet Mask - The subnet of the peer.
Renew - Renews DHCP lease information.
Page 28 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Managing VPN Connection Policies
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client supports as many VPN connection policies as you need. To help you
manage these connection policies, the Global VPN Client provides the following connection policy
management tools.
Arranging Connection Policies
Over time, as the number of VPN connection policies can increase in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client
window, you may want to arrange them for quicker access. You can arrange your VPN connection policies
in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window by choosing View>Arrange Icons by. You can arrange
VPN connection profiles by:
Name - Sorts connection policies by name.
Peer - Sorts connection policies by gateway IP address.
Status - Sorts connection policies by connection status.
Ascending - Sorts Name, Gateway, or Status arrangements in ascending order. If unchecked, policy
arrangements are sorted in descending order.
The default arrangement is by Name in Ascending order.
Renaming a Connection Policy
To rename a connection policy, select the policy and click on the Rename button on the toolbar or choose
File>Rename, then type in the new name. You can also right-click the connection policy and choose
Rename from the menu.
Deleting a Connection Policy
To delete a connection policy, select the policy, press Del or choose File>Delete. You can also right-click
the policy name and choose Delete. You cannot delete an active VPN connection. Disable the VPN
connection, then delete it.
Selecting All Connection Policies
Choosing View>Select All or pressing Ctrl+A selects all the connection policies in the SonicWALL Global
VPN Client window.
Managing VPN Connection Policies Page 29
Managing Certificates
The Certificate Manager allows you to manage digital certificates used by the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client for VPN connections. If your VPN gateway uses digital certificates, you must import the CA and
Local Certificates into the Certificate Manager.
To open the Certificate Manager, click the Certificate Manager button on the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client window toolbar, choose View>Certificate Manager, or press Ctrl+M.
The left pane of the Certificate Manager window lists the active Local and CA certificates currently used
by your VPN policies. User Certificates list the local digital certificates used to establish the VPN Security
Association. CA Certificates list the digital certificates used to validate the user certificates.
•
•
Click on the certificate in the left pane to display the certificate information in the right pane.
Click the Import button on the toolbar, press Ctrl+I, or choose File>Import Certificate from the to
display the Import Certificate window to import a certificate file.
• Click the Delete button on the toolbar, press Del, or choose File>Delete Certificate to delete the
selected certificate.
• Choose View>Toolbar to hide the toolbar.
• Choose View>Status Bar to hide the status bar.
Tip! For more information on using certificates for your VPN on the SonicWALL, see the SonicWALL
Administrator’s Guide.
Troubleshooting the SonicWALL Global VPN Client
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client provides tools for troubleshooting your VPN connections. This section
explains using Log Viewer, generating a Help Report, accessing SonicWALL’s Support site, using
SonicWALL Global VPN Client help system, and uninstalling the Global VPN Client.
Page 30 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Understanding the Global VPN Client Log
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client Log window displays messages about Global VPN Client activities.
To open the Log Viewer window, click the Log Viewer button on the Global VPN Client window toolbar,
or choose View>Log Viewer, or press Ctrl+L.
Peer - The IP address or FQDN of the peer.
Message - Text of the message describing the event.
Type - The type of message (Information, Error, or Warning).
Timestamp - Date and time the message was generated.
You can save a current log to a .txt file. When you save the current log to a file, the Global VPN Client
automatically adds a Help Report containing useful information regarding the condition of the SonicWALL
Global VPN Client as well as the system it’s running on for troubleshooting. The Help Report information
is inserted at the beginning of the log file. See “Generating a Help Report” on page 33 for more
information.
Tip! See “Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages” on page 50 for complete listing of Log Viewer messages.
The Log Viewer provides the following features to help you manage log messages:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
To save a current log to a .txt file, click the Save button on the toolbar, press Ctrl+S, or choose
File>Save. When you save a Log Viewer file, the Global VPN Client automatically adds a report
containing useful information regarding the condition of the SonicWALL
Global VPN Client as well as the system it’s running on.
To enable or disable message capturing, click the Capture button on the toolbar, press Ctrl+M, or
choose View>Stop Capturing Messages or View>Start Capturing Messages.
To start or stop automatic scrolling of messages to the latest message, click the Auto Scroll button
on the toolbar, press Ctrl+T, or choose View>Start Auto Scroll or View>Stop Auto Scroll.
To select all messages, press Ctrl+A or choose Edit>Select All.
To copy log contents for pasting into another application, select the messages you want to copy, then
click the Copy button on the toolbar, press Ctrl+C, or choose Edit>Copy.
To clear current log information, click the Clear button on the toolbar, press Crtl+X, or choose
Edit>Clear.
To specify the message display level from All Messages to Filtered Messages, click the Filtered
Messages button on the toolbar. You can also choose View>Show All Message or View>Show
Filtered Messages.
Troubleshooting the SonicWALL Global VPN Client Page 31
•
•
•
To remove redundant messages from displaying, choose View>Ignore Redundant Messages or
press Ctrl+I.
To hide the toolbar in the Log Viewer window, choose View>Toolbar.
To hide the status bar in the Log Viewer window, choose View>Status Bar.
Configuring the Log
The Logging page in the Options dialog box specifies the settings for configuring the GLobal VPN Client
Log behavior.
Maximum number of log messages to keep - Specifies the maximum number of log messages kept in
the log file.
Log ISAKMP header information - Enables the logging of ISAKMP header information.
Log dead peer detection packets - Enables the logging of dead peer detection packets.
Log NAT keep-alive packets - Enables the logging of NAT keep-alive packets.
Enable automatic logging of messages to file - Enables automatic logging of messages to a file as
specified in the Auto-Logging window.
Settings - Clicking on Settings displays the Auto-Logging window.
Configuring Auto-Logging
Clicking on Settings displays the Auto-Logging window for specifying settings for auto-logging of
messages to a file. Log files are saved as text files (.txt).
Enter the name of the auto-log file - Specifies the file to save the logging messages. Clicking on the ...
button allows you to specify the location of your auto-log file.
View Auto-Log File - Displays the entire log file up to 71,000 lines.
Overwrite existing file when auto-logging starts - Overwrites existing auto-log file after maximum file
size is reached.
Set size limit on auto-log file - Activates a maximum size limit for the log file.
Page 32 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Maximum auto-log file size - Specifies the maximum file size in KB or MB.
When auto-log size limit is reached - Instructs Auto-logging what to do when log file size is reached.
Ask me what to do - Prompts you when the log file reaches maximum size to choose either Stop
auto-logging or Overwrite auto-log file.
Stop auto-logging - Stops auto-logging when maximum file size is reached.
Overwrite auto-log file - overwrites existing auto-log file after maximum file size is reached.
Generating a Help Report
Choosing Help>Generate Report in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client window displays the SonicWALL
Global VPN Client Report dialog box.
Generate Report creates a report containing useful information for getting help in solving any problems
you may be experiencing. The report contains information regarding the condition of the SonicWALL
Global VPN Client as well as the system it’s running on.
Information in this report includes:
• Version information
• Drivers
• System information
• IP addresses
• route table
• Current log messages.
To view the report in the default text editor window, click View.
To save the report to a text file, click Save As.
To send the report via e-mail, click Send.
To close the report window without taking any action, click Don’t Send.
Troubleshooting the SonicWALL Global VPN Client Page 33
Accessing Technical Support
Selecting Help>Technical Support accesses the SonicWALL Support site at
http://www.sonicwall.com/support/
The SonicWALL Support site offer a full range of support services including extensive online resources
and information on SonicWALL’s enhanced support programs.
Viewing Help Topics
Selecting Help>Help Topics displays SonicWALL Global VPN Client help system window. You can
access help topics using the following options:
•
•
•
Contents - displays help in a table of contents view.
Index - displays help in an alphabetical topic view.
Search - allows you to search the help system using keywords.
Uninstalling the SonicWALL Global VPN Client (Windows 98 SE)
You can easily uninstall the SonicWALL Global VPN Client and choose to save or delete your VPN
connection policies as part of the uninstall process.
To uninstall the SonicWALL Global VPN Client:
Alert! You must exit the SonicWALL Global VPN Client before uninstalling the program.
1. Launch the Windows Control Panel
2. Double-click Add/Remove Programs.
3. Select SonicWALL Global VPN Client and then click Change/Remove. The SonicWALL Global VPN
Client Setup Wizard appears.
4. In the Confirm File Deletion dialog box, click OK to confirm the removal of the SonicWALL Global
VPN Client.
5. Choose Delete all individual user profiles if you want to delete all you existing VPN connection
profiles. If you leave this setting unchecked, the VPN connection profiles are saved and appear again
when you install the SonicWALL Global VPN Client at another time.
6. Choose Retain MAC Address if you want to retain the same SonicWALL VPN Adapter MAC address
the next time you install the Global VPN Client. Click Next.
Alert! If you are upgrading SonicWALL Global VPN Client from an earlier version to 4.0 and want to use
the Retain MAC Address uninstall feature of the SonicWALL Virtual Adapter, you must uninstall the
earlier version before installing Global VPN Client 4.0.
7. After the Global VPN Client is removed, select Yes, I want to restart my computer now, and then
click Finish.
Configuring SonicWALL Security Appliances for
Global VPN Clients
SonicWALL’s GroupVPN policy provides the automatic provisioning of SonicWALL Global VPN Client
from the SonicWALL security appliance. The GroupVPN policy is only available for SonicWALL Global
VPN Clients. SonicWALL GroupVPN supports two IPSec keying modes: IKE using shared secret and
IKE using 3rd Party Certificates.
Once you create the GroupVPN policy, you configure GroupVPN to automatically provision SonicWALL
Global VPN Clients by downloading the policy, or exporting the policy file for manual installation in the
SonicWALL Global VPN Client.
Page 34 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Note! For information on configuring GroupVPN on the SonicWALL to support SonicWALL Global VPN
Client, refer to the Administrator’s Guide for your SonicWALL. All SonicWALL product documentation is
available at http://www.sonicwall.com/support/documentation.html
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Licenses
Global VPN Client Licensing is based on the number of simultaneous Global VPN Client connections to
a SonicWALL. If the number of simultaneous Global VPN Client connections is exceeded, the SonicWALL
does not allow any additional Global VPN Client connections. Once the number of simultaneous Global
VPN Client drops below the license limit, new Global VPN connections can be established.
Group VPN Connections Supported by Each SonicWALL Model
Tabe 1 describes the Global VPN Client License support of each SonicWALL model. You can purchase
Global VPN Client software and Global VPN Client Licenses from SonicWALL, your reseller, or online at
mysonicwall.com. For more information on purchasing the Global VPN Client visit
http://www.sonicwall.com/products/vpnglobal.html.
Table 1: Global VPN Client License Support by SonicWALL Model
SonicWALL Model
Global VPN Clients
TELE3
TELE3 TZ
TELE3 TZX
TELE3 SP
SOHO3
Requires Global VPN Client License.
PRO 100
Includes 1 Global VPN Client License.
Additional Licenses may be added.
PRO 200
PRO 230
Includes 10 Global VPN Client License.
Additional Licenses may be added.
PRO 300
PRO 330
Includes 200 Global VPN Client License.
Additional Licenses may be added.
GX 250
Includes 5,000 Global VPN Client licenses.
GX 650
Includes 10,000 Global VPN Client licenses.
SOHO TZW
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses. Requires WAN Global VPN
Client Licenses.
TZ 50
TZ 150
Requires Global VPN Client Licenses.
TZ 170
TZ 170 SP
TZ 170 SP Wireless
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses (Enhanced). Requires WAN
Global VPN Client Licenses.
TZ 50 Wireless
TZ 150 Wireless
TZ 170 Wireless
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses. Requires WAN Global VPN
Client Licenses.
PRO 1260
Requires Global VPN Client License.
Configuring SonicWALL Security Appliances for Global VPN Clients Page 35
Table 1: Global VPN Client License Support by SonicWALL Model
PRO 2040
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses (Enhanced). Includes 10 WAN
Global VPN Client Licenses.
PRO 3060
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses (Enhanced). Includes 25 WAN
Global VPN Client Licenses.
PRO 4060
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses (Enhanced). Includes 1,000
WAN Global VPN Client Licenses.
PRO 4100
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses (Enhanced). Includes 1,500
WAN Global VPN Client Licenses.
PRO 5060
Includes unrestricted WLAN Global VPN
Client Licenses (Enhanced). Includes 2,000
WAN Global VPN Client Licenses.
Activating Your SonicWALL Global VPN Clients
In order to activate and download your SonicWALL Global VPN Client software, you must have a valid
mysonicwall.com account and your SonicWALL product must be registered to your account. If you do not
have a mysonicwall.com account, or if you have not registered your product to your account, create an
account and then follow the registration instructions at http://www.mysonicwall.com
To activate your Global VPN Client license,
1. Log in to your mysonicwall.com account:
2. Select the registered SonicWALL Internet Security Appliance.
3. Select Global VPN Client from the Applicable Services menu.
4. Select Activate.
5. Type in your activation key in the Activation Key field.
6. Click Submit.
Upon successful activation, a confirmation message will be displayed. For future reference, record the
Serial Number of the SonicWALL product. Your license activation is now complete.
Downloading Global VPN Client Software and Documentation
1. In the My Products page, click the name of your SonicWALL on which the Global VPN Client license
is activated.
2. Select Software Download. If this service is not already activated, click on Agree to activate it.
3. Download the SonicWALL Global VPN Client software and documentation.
Page 36 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR THE
SONICWALL GLOBAL VPN CLIENT
This Software License Agreement (SLA) is a legal agreement between you and SonicWALL, Inc.
(SonicWALL) for the SonicWALL software product identified above, which includes computer software
and any and all associated media, printed materials, and online or electronic documentation (SOFTWARE
PRODUCT). By opening the sealed package(s), installing, or otherwise using the SOFTWARE
PRODUCT, you agree to be bound by the terms of this SLA. If you do not agree to the terms of this SLA,
do not open the sealed package(s), install or use the SOFTWARE PRODUCT. You may however return
the unopened SOFTWARE PRODUCT to your place of purchase for a full refund.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is protected by copyright laws and international copyright treaties, as
well as by other intellectual property laws and treaties. The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is licensed, not
sold.
Title to the SOFTWARE PRODUCT licensed to you and all copies thereof are retained by SonicWALL
or third parties from whom SonicWALL has obtained a licensing right. You acknowledge and agree
that all right, title, and interest in and to the SOFTWARE PRODUCT, including all associated
intellectual property rights, are and shall remain with SonicWALL. This SLA does not convey to you
an interest in or to the SOFTWARE PRODUCT, but only a limited right of use revocable in accordance
with the terms of this SLA.
The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is licensed as a single product. Its component parts may not be
separated for use on more than one computer.
You may install and use one copy of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT, or any prior version for the same
operating system, on a single computer.
You may also store or install a copy of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT on a storage device, such as a
network server, used only to install or run the SOFTWARE PRODUCT on your other computers over
an internal network. However, you must acquire and dedicate a license for each separate computer
on which the SOFTWARE PRODUCT is installed or run from the storage device. A license for the
SOFTWARE PRODUCT may not be shared or used concurrently on different computers.
You may not resell, or otherwise transfer for value, the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
You may not rent, lease, or lend the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
You may permanently transfer all of your rights under this SLA, provided you retain no copies, you
transfer all of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT (including all component parts, the media and printed
materials, any upgrades, and this SLA); the recipient agrees to the terms of this SLA; and you obtain
prior written consent from SonicWALL. If the SOFTWARE PRODUCT is an upgrade, any transfer
must include all prior versions of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is trade secret or confidential information of SonicWALL or its licensors.
You shall take appropriate action to protect the confidentiality of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT. You
shall not reverse-engineer, de-compile, or disassemble the SOFTWARE PRODUCT, in whole or in
part. The provisions of this section will survive the termination of this SLA.
LICENSE
SonicWALL grants you a non-exclusive license to use the SOFTWARE PRODUCT for SonicWALL
Internet Security Appliances.
OEM - If the SOFTWARE PRODUCT is modified and enhanced for a SonicWALL OEM partner, you must
adhere to the software license agreement of the SonicWALL OEM partner.
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR THE SONICWALL GLOBAL VPN CLIENT Page 37
EXPORTS LICENSE
Licensee will comply with, and will, at SonicWALL's request, demonstrate such compliance with all
applicable export laws, restrictions, and regulations of the U.S. Department of Commerce, the U.S.
Department of Treasury and any other any U.S. or foreign agency or authority. Licensee will not export or
re-export, or allow the export or re-export of any product, technology or information it obtains or learns
pursuant to this Agreement (or any direct product thereof) in violation of any such law, restriction or
regulation, including, without limitation, export or re-export to Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan,
Syria or any other country subject to applicable U.S. trade embargoes or restrictions, or to any party on
the U.S. Export Administration Table of Denial Orders or the U.S. Department of Treasury List of Specially
Designated Nationals, or to any other prohibited destination or person pursuant to U.S. law, regulations
or other provisions.
SUPPORT SERVICES
SonicWALL may provide you with support services related to the SOFTWARE PRODUCT (“Support
Services”). Use of Support Services is governed by the SonicWALL policies and programs described in
the user manual, in “online” documentation, and/or in other SonicWALL-provided materials. Any
supplemental software code provided to you as part of the Support Services shall be considered part of
the SOFTWARE PRODUCT and subject to terms and conditions of this SLA. With respect to technical
information you provide to SonicWALL as part of the Support Services, SonicWALL may use such
information for its business purposes, including for product support and development. SonicWALL shall
not utilize such technical information in a form that identifies its source.
UPGRADES
If the SOFTWARE PRODUCT is labeled as an upgrade, you must be properly licensed to use a product
identified by SonicWALL as being eligible for the upgrade in order to use the SOFTWARE PRODUCT. A
SOFTWARE PRODUCT labeled as an upgrade replaces and/or supplements the product that formed the
basis for your eligibility for the upgrade. You may use the resulting upgraded product only in accordance
with the terms of this SLA. If the SOFTWARE PRODUCT is an upgrade of a component of a package of
software programs that you licensed as a single product, the SOFTWARE PRODUCT may be used and
transferred only as part of that single product package and may not be separated for use on more than
one computer.
COPYRIGHT
All title and copyrights in and to the SOFTWARE PRODUCT (including but not limited to any images,
photographs, animations, video, audio, music, text, and “applets” incorporated into the SOFTWARE
PRODUCT), the accompanying printed materials, and any copies of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT are
owned by SonicWALL or its suppliers/licensors. The SOFTWARE PRODUCT is protected by copyrights
laws and international treaty provisions. Therefore, you must treat the SOFTWARE PRODUCT like any
other copyrighted material except that you may install the SOFTWARE PRODUCT on a single computer
provided you keep the original solely for backup or archival purposes. You may not copy the printed
materials accompanying the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS
If you are acquiring the Software including accompanying documentation on behalf of the U.S.
Government, the following provisions apply. If the Software is supplied to the Department of Defense
(“DOD”), the Software is subject to “Restricted Rights”, as that term is defined in the DOD Supplement to
the Federal Acquisition Regulations (“DFAR”) in paragraph 252.227 7013(c) (1). If the Software is
supplied to any unit or agency of the United States Government other than DOD, the Government's rights
in the Software will be as defined in paragraph 52.227 19(c) (2) of the Federal Acquisition Regulations
(“FAR”). Use, duplication, reproduction or disclosure by the Government is subject to such restrictions or
successor provisions.
Page 38 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
MISCELLANEOUS
This SLA represents the entire agreement concerning the subject matter hereof between the parties and
supersedes all prior agreements and representations between them. It may be amended only in writing
executed by both parties. This SLA shall be governed by and construed under the laws of the State of
California as if entirely performed within the State and without regard for conflicts of laws. Should any term
of this SLA be declared void or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, such declaration
shall have no effect on the remaining terms hereof. The failure of either party to enforce any rights granted
hereunder or to take action against the other party in the event of any breach hereunder shall not be
deemed a waiver by that party as to subsequent enforcement of rights or subsequent actions in the event
of future breaches.
TERMINATION
This SLA is effective upon your opening of the sealed package(s), installing or otherwise using the
SOFTWARE PRODUCT, and shall continue until terminated. Without prejudice to any other rights,
SonicWALL may terminate this SLA if you fail to comply with the terms and conditions of this SLA. In such
event, you agree to return or destroy the SOFTWARE PRODUCT (including all related documents and
components items as defined above) and any and all copies of same.
LIMITED WARRANTY
SonicWALL warrants that a) the SOFTWARE PRODUCT will perform substantially in accordance with the
accompanying written materials for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of receipt, and b) any
Support Services provided by SonicWALL shall be substantially as described in applicable written
materials provided to you by SonicWALL. Any implied warranties on the SOFTWARE PRODUCT are
limited to ninety (90) days. Some states and jurisdictions do not allow limitations on duration of an implied
warranty, so the above limitation may not apply to you.
CUSTOMER REMEDIES
SonicWALL's and its suppliers' entire liability and your exclusive remedy shall be, at SonicWALL's option,
either a) return of the price paid, or b) repair or replacement of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT that does not
meet SonicWALL's Limited Warranty and which is returned to SonicWALL with a copy of your receipt. This
Limited Warranty is void if failure of the SOFTWARE PRODUCT has resulted from accident, abuse, or
misapplication. Any replacement SOFTWARE PRODUCT shall be warranted for the remainder of the
original warranty period or thirty (30) days, whichever is longer. Outside of the United States, neither these
remedies nor any product Support Services offered by SonicWALL are available without proof of
purchase from an authorized SonicWALL international reseller or distributor.
NO OTHER WARRANTIES
To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, SonicWALL and its suppliers/licensors disclaim all
other warranties and conditions, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties
of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title, and non-infringement, with regard to the
SOFTWARE PRODUCT, and the provision of or failure to provide Support Services. This Limited
Warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may have others, which vary from state/jurisdiction to state/
jurisdiction.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, in no event shall SonicWALL or its suppliers/
licensors be liable for any damages (including without limitation special, incidental, indirect, or
consequential) whatsoever (including, without limitation, damages for loss of business profits, business
interruption, loss of business information, or any other pecuniary loss) arising out of the use of or inability
to use the SOFTWARE PRODUCT or the provision of or failure to provide Support Services, even if
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR THE SONICWALL GLOBAL VPN CLIENT Page 39
SonicWALL has been advised of the possibility of such damages. In any case, SonicWALL's entire liability
under any provision of this SLA shall be limited to the greater of the amount actually paid by you for the
SOFTWARE PRODUCT or U.S. $10.00; provided, however, if you have entered into a SonicWALL
Support Services Agreement, SonicWALL's entire liability regarding Support Services shall be governed
by the terms of that agreement. Because some states and jurisdiction do not allow the exclusion or
limitation of liability, the above limitation may not apply to you.
SonicWALL Global VPN Client Support
SonicWALL’s comprehensive support services protect your network security investment and offer the
support you need - when you need it. SonicWALL Global VPN Client support is included as part of the
support program of your SonicWALL Internet Security Appliance.
For more information on SonicWALL Support Services, please visit:
http://www.sonicwall.com/support/
You can purchase/activate SonicWALL Support Services through your mySonicWALL.com account at:
http://www.mysonicwall.com
For Web-based technical support, please visit:
http://www.sonicwall.com/support/contact.html
Appendix A - Creating and Deploying the Default.rcf File for
Global VPN Clients
The default.rcf file allows the SonicWALL VPN Gateway administrator to create and distribute
preconfigured VPN connections for SonicWALL Global VPN Clients. The SonicWALL VPN Gateway
administrator can distribute the default.rcf file with the Global VPN Client software to automatically create
preconfigured VPN connections for streamlined deployment.
The VPN connections created from the default.rcf file appear in the SonicWALL Global VPN Client
window. The Global VPN Client user simply enables the VPN connection and after XAUTH authentication
with a username and password, the policy download is automatically completed.
How the Global VPN Client uses the default.rcf File
When the Global VPN Client starts up, the program always looks for the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client.rcf file in the C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\Application Data\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global
VPN Client\ directory. If this file does not exist the Global VPN Client looks for the default.rcf file in the
C:\Program Files\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global VPN Client\ directory.
The Global VPN Client reads the default.rcf file, if it exists and creates the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client.rcf file in the C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\Application Data\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global
VPN Client\ directory. The encrypted SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file contains all the VPN
connection configuration information for the SonicWALL Global VPN Client.
Deploying the default.rcf File
There are three ways to deploy the default.rcf file for your SonicWALL Global VPN Clients.
Page 40 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Include the default.rcf File with the Global VPN Client Software
After you create the default.rcf file, you can include it with the SonicWALL Global VPN Client software.
When the user installs the Global VPN Client program, the SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file is
automatically created in the C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\Application
Data\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global VPN Client\ directory based on the settings defined in the default.rcf
file. This is the easiest method for Global VPN Client users.
Alert! The default.rcf file must be included in the default Global VPN Client installation directory
C:\Program Files\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global VPN Client\ for the program to write the SonicWALL
Global VPN Client.rcf file based on the settings defined in the default.rcf file.
Add the default.rcf file to the Default Global VPN Client Directory
If the Global VPN Client software is installed without VPN connections, the user can add the default.rcf
file to the default Global VPN Client installation directory C:\Program Files\SonicWALL\SonicWALL
Global VPN Client\. When the user launches the Global VPN Client, the SonicWALL Global VPN
Client.rcf file is created in the C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\Application
Data\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global VPN Client\ directory based on the default.rcf file settings.
Replace the Existing SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf File
If the Global VPN Client is installed with VPN connections, the user can remove the SonicWALL Global
VPN Client.rcf file from the C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\Application
Data\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global VPN Client\ directory and add the default.rcf file to the default
Global VPN Client installation directory C:\Program Files\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global VPN Client\.
When the user launches the Global VPN Client, the SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file is created in
the C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\Application Data\SonicWALL\SonicWALL Global VPN Client\
directory based on the default.rcf file settings.
Alert! You cannot copy the SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file created from the settings defined in
the default.rcf file for one Global VPN Client to replace an existing SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf
file of another Global VPN Client.
Alert! Removing an existing SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file will remove the VPN connections
created in the Global VPN Client. These VPN connections can be added again from the Global VPN Client
into the new SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file.
Appendix A - Creating and Deploying the Default.rcf File for Global VPN Clients Page 41
Creating the default.rcf File
You can create your custom default.rcf file from any text editor, such as Windows Notepad.
default.rcf File Tag Descriptions
Tag that you do not explicitly list in the default.rcf are set to the default setting (which is the same behavior
as when you configure a New VPN Connection within the Global VPN Client manually). The default setting
for each tag is highlighted in bracketed bold text, like [default].
<SW_Client_Policy version =”9.0”>
<Connections> Defines the connection profiles in the default.rcf configuration file. There is no hard limit
defined on the number of connection profiles allowed.
<Connection name = connection name> Provides a name for the VPN connection that appears in the
Global VPN Client window.
<Description> description text</Description> Provides a description for each
connection profile that appears when the user moves the mouse pointer over the VPN Policy in
the Global VPN Client window. The maximum number of characters for the <Description> tag is
1023.
<Flags>
<AutoConnect>[Off=0]/On=1</AutoConnect> Enables this connection when program is launched.
<ForceIsakmp>Off=0/[On=1]</ForceIsakmp> Starts IKE negotiation as soon as the connection is
enabled without waiting for network traffic. If disabled then only traffic to the destination network(s)
will initiate IKE negotiations.
<ReEnableOnWake>[Off=0]/On=1</ReEnableOnWake> Enables the connection when computer is
coming out of sleep or hibernation.
<ReconnectOnError>Off=0/[On=1]</ReconnectOnError> Automatically keeps trying to enable the
connection when an error occurs.
<ExecuteLogonScript>[Disable=0]/Enable=1</ExecuteLogonScript> Forces launch login script.
</Flags>
Page 42 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
<Peer> Defines the peer settings for a VPN connection. A VPN connection can support up to 5 peers.
Alert! A special case of Host Name is for an Office Gateway scenario. If you want to use the Default
Gateway as the host name use the exact text, &lt;Default Gateway&gt; including the semicolons and
&s. In this case, you must also set the tag, <UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>=1.
<HostName>IP Address/Domain Name</HostName> The IP address or Domain name of the
SonicWALL gateway.
<EnableDeadPeerDetection>Off=0/On=1</EnableDeadPeerDetection> Enables detection if the
Peer stops responding to traffic. This will send Vendor ID to the SonicWALL during IKE negotiation
to enable Dead peer detection heart beat traffic.
Alert! NAT Traversal - The implementation options for NAT Traversal were changed in Global VPN Client
2.x. In Global VPN Client releases prior to 2.x, there were checkboxes for Forcing or Disabling NAT
Traversal. With Global VPN Client 2.x and later, there is now a drop down selection list containing the
following three items:
• Automatic - Detects if NAT Traversal is on or off.
• Forced On - Forces NAT Traversal On.
• Disabled - Forces NAT Traversal Off.
To specify Automatic in a custom default.rcf file, set ForceNATTraversal and DisableNATTraversal to 0,
or do not list these tags at all.
<ForceNATTraversal>[Off=0]/On=1</ForceNATTraversal> Forces NAT traversal even without a
NAT device in the middle. Normally NAT devices in the middle are automatically detected and UDP
encapsulation of IPSEC traffic starts after IKE negotiation is complete.
<DisableNATTraversal>[Off=0]/On=1</DisableNATTraversal> Disables NAT traversal even
without a NAT device in the middle. Normally NAT devices in the middle are automatically detected
and UDP encapsulation of IPSEC traffic starts after IKE negotiation is complete.
<NextHop>IP Address</NextHop>The IP Address of the next hop for this connection. This is ONLY
used if there is a need to use a next hop that is different from the default gateway.
<Timeout>3<Timeout> Defines timeout value in seconds for packet retransmissions. The minimum
<Timeout> value is 1 second and the maximum value is 10 seconds.
<Retries>3<Retries>Number of times to retry packet retransmissions before the connection is
considered as dead. The minimum <Retries>value is 1 and the maximum value is 10.
<UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>[Off=0]/On=1</UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP> Specifies that the PC’s
Default Gateway IP Address is used as the Peer IP Address.
<InterfaceSelection> Automatically selects the connection based on link and IP detection=0/
Connection always uses LAN=1/Connection always uses Dial-Up=2</InterfaceSelection> Forces
the interface selection for the VPN connection.
<WaitForSourceIP>Off=0/[On=1]</WaitForSourceIP> Specifies that packets are to be sent when
a local source IP address is available.
<DialupUseMicrosoftDUN>3rd Party=0/[Microsoft=1]</DialupUseMicrosoftDUN> Instructs the
Global VPN Client to use either Microsoft or a third party Dialup connection.
<DialupApp>c:\Program Files\Windows NT\dialer.exe</DialupApp> Specifies the directory path to
a third party Dialup connection application, including the application name.
<DialupPhonebook>MSN Office Network/[Prompt When Necessary]</DialupPhonebook>
Specifies the name of the Microsoft Dialup connection as listed in Network and Dial-up Connections
for the local computer.
<DialupLeaveConnected>[Off=0]/On=1</DialupLeaveConnected> Instructs the Global VPN
Client to leave the dialup connection logged in when the Global VPN Client is not connected.
Appendix A - Creating and Deploying the Default.rcf File for Global VPN Clients Page 43
<DPDInterval>[[5]-30]</DPDInterval> Specifies the duration of time (in seconds) to wait before
declaring a peer as dead. The interval times listed are incremented by 5, and the allowed values are
5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 seconds.
<DPDAttempts>[3-[5]]</DPDAttempts> Specifies number of unsuccessful attempts to contact a
peer before declaring it as dead. The allowed values are 3, 4 or 5 times.
<DPDAlwaysSend>[Off=0]/On=1</DPDAlwaysSend> Instructs the Global VPN Client to send a
DPD packet based on network traffic received from the peer.
</Peer> For redundant gateways on this connection, repeat all the tags under <Peer>. There can up to 5
redundant gateways for each connection.
</Connection> Defines the end of each connection profile in the configuration file.
</Connections> Defines the end of all connection profiles in the Default.rcf file.
<SW_Client_Policy>
Sample default.rcf File
The following is an example of a default.rcf file. This file includes two VPN connections: Corporate
Firewall and Office Gateway. The Corporate Firewall connection configuration includes two peer
entries for redundant VPN connectivity.
Alert! If you attempt to directly copy this sample file to an ASCII text editor, you may have to remove all
of the paragraph marks at the end of each line before saving it. Verify the file can be imported into the
Global VPN Application before distributing it.
<?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
<SW_Client_Policy version="9.0">
<Connections>
<Connection name="Corporate Firewall">
<Description>This is the corporate firewall. Call 1-800-fix-today for problems with connections.</
Description>
<Flags>
<AutoConnect>0</AutoConnect>
<ForceIsakmp>1</ForceIsakmp>
<ReEnableOnWake>0</ReEnableOnWake>
<ReconnectOnError>1</ReconnectOnError>
<ExecuteLogonScript>0</ExecuteLogonScript>
</Flags>
<Peer>
<HostName>CorporateFW</HostName>
<EnableDeadPeerDetection>1</EnableDeadPeerDetection>
<ForceNATTraversal>0</ForceNATTraversal>
<DisableNATTraversal>0</DisableNATTraversal>
<NextHop>0.0.0.0</NextHop>
<Timeout>3</Timeout>
<Retries>3</Retries>
Page 44 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
<UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>0</UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>
<InterfaceSelection>0</InterfaceSelection>
<WaitForSourceIP>0</WaitForSourceIP>
<DialupUseMicrosoftDUN>1</DialupUseMicrosoftDUN>
<DialupApp>c:\program files\aol\aol.exe</DialupApp>
<DialupPhonebook>text</DialupPhonebook>
<DialupLeaveConnected>0</DialupLeaveConnected>
<DPDInterval>5</DPDInterval>
<DPDAttempts>3</DPDAttempts>
<DPDAlwaysSend>0</DPDAlwaysSend>
</Peer>
<Peer>
<HostName>1.2.3.4</HostName>
<EnableDeadPeerDetection>1</EnableDeadPeerDetection>
<ForceNATTraversal>0</ForceNATTraversal>
<DisableNATTraversal>0</DisableNATTraversal>
<NextHop>0.0.0.0</NextHop>
<Timeout>3</Timeout>
<Retries>3</Retries>
<UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>0</UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>
<InterfaceSelection>0</InterfaceSelection>
<WaitForSourceIP>0</WaitForSourceIP>
<DialupUseMicrosoftDUN>1</DialupUseMicrosoftDUN>
<DialupApp>c:\program files\aol\aol.exe</DialupApp>
<DialupPhonebook>text</DialupPhonebook>
<DialupLeaveConnected>0</DialupLeaveConnected>
<DPDInterval>5</DPDInterval>
<DPDAttempts>3</DPDAttempts>
<DPDAlwaysSend>0</DPDAlwaysSend>
</Peer>
</Connection>
<Connection name="Office Gateway">
<Description>This is the firewall to connect when traveling overseas.</Description>
<Flags>
<AutoConnect>0</AutoConnect>
<ForceIsakmp>1</ForceIsakmp>
<ReEnableOnWake>0</ReEnableOnWake>
Appendix A - Creating and Deploying the Default.rcf File for Global VPN Clients Page 45
<ReconnectOnError>1</ReconnectOnError>
<ExecuteLogonScript>0</ExecuteLogonScript>
</Flags>
<Peer>
<HostName>&lt;Default Gateway&gt;</HostName>
<EnableDeadPeerDetection>1</EnableDeadPeerDetection>
<ForceNATTraversal>0</ForceNATTraversal>
<DisableNATTraversal>0</DisableNATTraversal>
<NextHop>0.0.0.0</NextHop>
<Timeout>3</Timeout>
<Retries>3</Retries>
<UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>1</UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP>
<InterfaceSelection>0</InterfaceSelection>
<WaitForSourceIP>0</WaitForSourceIP>
<DialupUseMicrosoftDUN>1</DialupUseMicrosoftDUN>
<DialupApp>c:\program files\aol\aol.exe</DialupApp>
<DialupPhonebook>text</DialupPhonebook>
<DialupLeaveConnected>0</DialupLeaveConnected>
<DPDInterval>5</DPDInterval>
<DPDAttempts>3</DPDAttempts>
<DPDAlwaysSend>0</DPDAlwaysSend>
</Peer>
</Connection>
</Connections>
</SW_Client_Policy>
Page 46 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Troubleshooting the deafult.rcf File
.
Table 2: Troubleshooting the default.rcf File
Issue
Solution
If there are any incorrect entries or typos in your
default.rcf file, the settings in the default.rcf file will
not be incorporated into the Global VPN Client, and no
connection profiles will appear in the Global VPN Client
window. The error message Failed to parse
configuration <file> will appear in the Global VPN
Client Log Viewer, or the following error message will
be displayed when attempting to import the file: “Could
not import the specified configuration file. The file
appears to be corrupt.”
Ensure that the file does not contain any non-ASCII
characters. The SonicWALL Global VPN
Client.rcf file created by the default.rcf file must
be deleted from the \ directory and the default.rcf
file edited to correct the errors.
The default.rcf file cannot have an attribute of READ
Only.
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file
created by the default.rcf file must be deleted from
the \ directory and the default.rcf file Read Only
attribute removed to correct the error.
The Peer Name, <Default Gateway> displays the
following error message when attempting to connect:
“Failed to convert the Peer name <Default
Gateway> to an IP address”.
When setting the Peer Name to the special case of
<Default Gateway>, the tag for
<UseDefaultGWAsPeerIP> must be set to 1. The
SonicWALL Global VPN Client.rcf file created by
the default.rcf file must be deleted from the \
directory.
Appendix B - SonicWALL Global VPN Client Installation Using
the InstallShield Silent Response File
A normal (non-silent) installation of the SonicWALL Global VPN Client receives the necessary input from
the user in the form of responses to dialog boxes. However, a silent installation does not prompt the user
for input. A silent installation must get its user input from a different source. That source is the InstallShield
Silent Response File (.iss file). This response file contains the information that an end user would enter
as responses to dialog boxes when running a normal setup. A silent setup reads the necessary input from
the response file at run time. The following instructions explain how to create and execute a silent
installation of the SonicWALL Global VPN Client.
Creating the Silent Installation
The format of response files resembles that of an .ini file, but the response file has an .iss extensions. A
response file is a plain text file consisting of sections containing data entries. To create a response file,
simply run the setup with the -r command line parameter:
Setup.exe –r
Setup records all your installation choices in Setup.iss and places the file in the Windows folder. To use
this response file in a normal installation, copy it into the default install location (normally Disk1 or the
same folder as Setup.ins).
Appendix B - SonicWALL Global VPN Client Installation Using the InstallShield Silent Response File Page 47
Playing Back the Silent Installation
After you have created the installation and the response file, you are ready to run the Global VPN Client
installation in silent mode. When running an installation in silent mode, be aware that no messages are
displayed. Instead, a log file Setup.log captures installation information, including whether the installation
was successful. You can review the log file and determine the result of the installation.
To launch the silent setup, run setup with the -s command line parameter:
Setup.exe –s
By default, setup looks for the response file in its default location (normally Disk1 or the same folder as
Setup.ins). You can specify a different response file using the -f1 command line parameter:
Setup.exe –s –f1<path\ResponseFile>
To verify if a silent installation succeeded, look at the ResultCode value in the [ResponseResult] section
of Setup.log. InstallShield writes an appropriate return value after the ResultCode keyname.
Using Setup.log to Check for Errors
Setup.log is the default name for the silent installation log file, and its default location is Disk1 (in the same
folder as Setup.ins). You can specify a different name and location for the setup log file using the -f2
command line parameter:
Setup.exe –s –f2<path\LogFile>
The Setup.log file contains three sections:
•
•
•
The first section, [InstallShield Silent], identifies the version of InstallShield Silent used in the silent
installation. It also identifies the file as a log file.
The second section, [Application], identifies the installed application's name and version, and the
company name.
The third section, [ResponseResult], contains the result code indicating whether or not the silent
installation succeeded. An integer value is assigned to the ResultCode keyname in the
[ResponseResult] section. The silent setup places one of the following return values after the
ResultCode keyname:
0
Success
-1
General error
-2
Invalid mode
-3
Required data not found in the
Setup.iss file
-4
Not enough memory available
-5
File does not exist
-6
Cannot write to the response file
-7
Unable to write to the log file
-8
Invalid path to the InstallShield
Silent response file
-9
Not a valid list type (string or
number)
-10
Data type is invalid.
Page 48 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
-11
Unknown error during setup
-12
Dialogs are out of order
-51
Cannot create the specified folder
-52
Cannot access the specified file or
folder
-53
Invalid option selected
Appendix C - Running the Global VPN Client from the
Command Line Interface
The SonicWALL Global VPN Client can run from the Command Line Interface (CLI). This interface allows
for the programmatic or script-based initiation of certain Global VPN Client functions without requiring the
user to directly act in the Global VPN Client application. The Global VPN Client CLI enables the setting
up of scripts that automatically initiate a secure tunnel anytime a particular application or connection
method is started.
The CLI commands require the use of a complete path name to the Global VPN Client application followed
by various flags and variable information such as username or password.
Alert! Embedding a user’s password directly in a script is a security risk. Anyone who can gain access to
the script can read the password to circumvent security. It is recommended that scripts or programmatic
dashboards ask for the password before initiating a connection and then clear the variable.
Command Line Options
You can use the following options to perform a variety of Global VPN Client actions from the command
line.
•
•
•
•
•
•
/E “Connection Name” Enables the specific connection.
/D “Connection Name” Disables the specific connection.
/Q - Quits a running an instance of the program. Ignored if program is not already running.
/A [filename] - Starts the program and sends all messages to the specified log file. If no log file is
specified, the default file name is gvcauto.log. If the program is already running, this option is
ignored.
/U “Username” - Username to pass to XAUTH. Must be used in conjunction with /E.
/P “Password” - Password to pass to XAUTH. Must be used in conjunction with /E.
Command Line Examples
•
•
•
<path>\swgvpnclient - runs/starts application. If application is already running, it does not create
another instance.
<path>\swgvpnclient /E <connection name> /U <username> and /P <password> runs/starts the application and enables the named connection and use the <username> and
<password> for user authentication. If you do not include a username and password. the Global VPN
Client presents a dialog box asking for the information in order to continue.
<path>\swgvpnclient /A <path\filename> - runs/starts the application and enables auto logging of
all events to a log file. If the filename is not specified, then the log file is created with the default name
<gvcauto.log>. If you want to save the autolog for each Global VPN Client session, you can use the
filename option and specify a different filename each time the application is stated. This file is created
in the same directory where the Global VPN Client application is started, if the path is not specified.
Appendix C - Running the Global VPN Client from the Command Line Interface Page 49
Appendix D - Installing the Global VPN Client with a
Ghost Application
During the normal, non-Ghost installation of the Global VPN Client, a MAC address for the virtual adapter
is generated and assigned during the installation process. However, when the Global VPN Client is
installed with CmdLine=/g (Ghost) option, a default MAC address is assigned to the SonicWALL VPN
Adapter. After the installation when the Global VPN Client is started for the first time, this default MAC
address is detected, which in turn generates a new MAC address and assigns it to the SonicWALL VPN
Adapter.
Alert! DO NOT OPEN the Global VPN Client application after installing it and BEFORE you ghost it.
Global VPN Client installation with the CmdLine=/g option works by recognizing that it is the FIRST time
that the Global VPN Client has been started, and randomly creates a unique MAC address for the
SonicWALL VPN Adapter. If you open the Global VPN Client BEFORE using ghost, you receive the same
MAC address for the SonicWALL VPN Adapter resulting in network conflicts.
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages
The following table lists the Info, Error, and Warning messages that can appear in the Global VPN Client
Log Viewer.
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
"Invalid DOI in notify message,"
ERROR
: called with invalid parameters.
ERROR
A phase 2 IV has already been created.
ERROR
An error occurred.
ERROR
Attributes were specified but not offered.
ERROR
Authentication algorithm is not supported.
ERROR
CA certificate not found in list.
ERROR
Calculated policy configuration attributes length does not match
length of attributes set into policy configuration payload.
ERROR
Calculated XAuth attributes length does not match length of
attributes set into XAuth payload.
ERROR
Can not change the Diffie-Hellman group for PFS.
ERROR
Can not process packet that does not have at least one payload.
ERROR
Can not process unsupported mode config type.
ERROR
Can not process unsupported XAuth type.
ERROR
Can not set IPSEC proposals into empty SA list.
ERROR
Cannot do quick mode: no SA's to negotiate.
ERROR
certificate error.
ERROR
Certificate ID not specified.
ERROR
Deallocation of event publisher context failed.
Page 50 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
Diffie-Hellman group generator length has not been set.
ERROR
Diffie-Hellman group prime length has not been set.
ERROR
DSS signature processing failed - signature is not valid.
ERROR
Encryption algorithm is not supported.
ERROR
ESP transform algorithm is not supported.
ERROR
Failed to add a new AH entry to the phase 2 SA list.
ERROR
Failed to add a new ESP entry to the phase 2 SA list.
ERROR
Failed to add IPSEC encapsulation mode into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add IPSEC group description into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add IPSEC HMAC algorithm into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add IPSEC life duration into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add IPSEC life type into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY authentication algorithm into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY encryption algorithm into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY generator G1 into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY group description into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY group type into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY hash algorithm into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY life duration into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY life type into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add OAKLEY prime P into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add policy configuration INI format into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add policy configuration version into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add XAuth password '' into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add XAuth status into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add XAuth type into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to add XAuth username '' into the payload.
ERROR
Failed to allocate bytes.
ERROR
Failed to allocate memory.
ERROR
Failed to begin phase 1 exchange.
ERROR
Failed to begin quick mode exchange.
ERROR
Failed to build a DSS object.
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages Page 51
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
Failed to build dead peer detection packet.
ERROR
Failed to build dead peer detection reply message.
ERROR
Failed to build dead peer detection request message.
ERROR
Failed to build phase 1 delete message.
ERROR
Failed to calculate DES mode from ESP transfer.
ERROR
Failed to calculate policy configuration attributes length.
ERROR
Failed to calculate XAuth attributes length.
ERROR
Failed to compute IV for connection entry.
ERROR
Failed to construct certificate payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct certificate request payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct certificate.
ERROR
Failed to construct destination proxy ID payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct DSS signature.
ERROR
Failed to construct hash payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct IPSEC nonce payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct IPSEC SA payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP blank hash payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP delete hash payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP DPD notify payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP ID payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP info hash payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP key exchange payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP nonce payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP notify payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP packet header.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP phase 1 delete payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP SA payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct ISAKMP vendor ID payload (ID = ).
ERROR
Failed to construct mode config hash payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct NAT discovery payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct PFS key exchange payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct policy provisioning payload.
Page 52 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
Failed to construct quick mode hash payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct quick mode packet.
ERROR
Failed to construct responder lifetime payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct RSA signature.
ERROR
Failed to construct signature payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct source proxy ID payload.
ERROR
Failed to construct XAuth payload.
ERROR
Failed to convert the peer name to an IP address.
ERROR
Failed to create a new connection entry: an entry already exists
with ID.
ERROR
Failed to create connection entry with message ID.
ERROR
Failed to decrypt buffer.
ERROR
Failed to decrypt mode config payload.
ERROR
Failed to decrypt notify payload.
ERROR
Failed to decrypt packet.
ERROR
Failed to decrypt quick mode payload.
ERROR
Failed to encrypt mode config payload.
ERROR
Failed to encrypt notify payload.
ERROR
Failed to encrypt packet.
ERROR
Failed to encrypt quick mode payload.
ERROR
Failed to expand packet to size bytes.
ERROR
Failed to find an SA list for PROTO_IPSEC_AH.
ERROR
Failed to find an SA list for PROTO_IPSEC_ESP.
ERROR
Failed to find an SA list given the protocol.
ERROR
Failed to find certificate with ID.
ERROR
Failed to find connection entry for message ID.
ERROR
Failed to find exit interface to reach.
ERROR
Failed to find MAC address in the system interfaces table.
ERROR
Failed to find matching SA list.
ERROR
Failed to find message ID and matching cookies in the connection
entry list.
ERROR
Failed to find message ID in the connection entry list.
ERROR
Failed to find message ID in the SA list.
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages Page 53
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
Failed to find OAKLEY group specified in the SA payload.
ERROR
Failed to find private key for certificate with ID.
ERROR
Failed to find protocol ID in the SA list.
ERROR
Failed to find route to reach.
ERROR
Failed to find sequence number.
ERROR
Failed to find source IP address to reach.
ERROR
Failed to flush the system ARP cache.
ERROR
Failed to generate Diffie-Hellman parameters.
ERROR
Failed to generate quick mode initiator key.
ERROR
Failed to generate quick mode responder key.
ERROR
Failed to generate SKEYID.
ERROR
Failed to get the size of the system interfaces table.
ERROR
Failed to get the size of the system IP address table.
ERROR
Failed to get the system interface table.
ERROR
Failed to get the system IP address table.
ERROR
Failed to get transforms from SA list.
ERROR
Failed to match initiator cookie.
ERROR
Failed to match responder cookie.
ERROR
Failed to parse certificate data.
ERROR
Failed to parse configuration file.
ERROR
Failed to read the size of an incoming ISAKMP packet.
ERROR
Failed to re-allocate bytes.
ERROR
Failed to receive an incoming ISAKMP packet.
ERROR
Failed to receive an incoming ISAKMP packet. The length is
incorrect.
ERROR
Failed to send an outgoing ISAKMP packet.
ERROR
Failed to set policy configuration attributes into payload.
ERROR
Failed to set proposals into phase 1 SA payload.
ERROR
Failed to set proposals into phase 2 SA payload.
ERROR
Failed to set responder lifetype attributes.
ERROR
Failed to set the ESP attributes from the SA payload into the SA.
ERROR
Failed to set the IPSEC AH attributes into the phase 2 SA.
Page 54 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
Failed to set the IPSEC ESP attributes into the phase 2 SA.
ERROR
Failed to set the OAKLEY attributes into the phase 1 SA.
ERROR
Failed to set vendor ID into packet payload.
ERROR
Failed to set XAuth attributes into payload.
ERROR
Failed to sign hash.
ERROR
Failed to verify certificate signature.
ERROR
Failed to verify informational message hash payload.
ERROR
Failed to verify mode config message hash payload.
ERROR
Hash algorithm is not supported.
ERROR
Hash Payload does not match.
ERROR
Hash size invalid:
ERROR
Header invalid (verified)!
ERROR
Invalid certificate: ASN sequence is not correct.
ERROR
Invalid certificate: payload length is too small.
ERROR
Invalid hash payload.
ERROR
Invalid payload. Possible overrun attack!
ERROR
Invalid SA state:
ERROR
Invalid signature payload.
ERROR
Invalid SPI size.
ERROR
is not a supported Diffie-Hellman group type.
ERROR
is not a supported DOI.
ERROR
is not a supported exchange type.
ERROR
is not a supported ID payload type.
ERROR
is not a supported IPSEC protocol.
ERROR
is not a supported notify message type.
ERROR
is not a supported payload type.
ERROR
is not a supported policy configuration attribute type.
ERROR
is not a supported policy configuration message type.
ERROR
is not a supported proxy ID payload type.
ERROR
is not a supported XAuth attribute type.
ERROR
is not a valid quick mode state.
ERROR
is not a valid XAuth message type.
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages Page 55
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
is not a valid XAuth status.
ERROR
ISAKMP SA delete msg for a different SA!
ERROR
No certificate for CERT authentication.
ERROR
No entry in the system IP address table was found with index.
ERROR
No KE payload while PFS configured mess_id.
ERROR
Out of memory.
ERROR
Phase 1 authentication algorithm is not supported.
ERROR
Phase 1 encryption algorithm is not supported.
ERROR
Protocol ID has already been added to the SA list.
ERROR
Protocol mismatch: expected PROTO_IPSEC_AH but got.
ERROR
Protocol mismatch: expected PROTO_IPSEC_ESP but got.
ERROR
Publisher deregistration failed.
ERROR
Responder cookie is not zero.
ERROR
RSA signature processing failed - signature is not valid.
ERROR
SA hash function has not been set in.
ERROR
Signature Algorithm mismatch is X.509 certificate.
ERROR
Signature verification failed!
ERROR
The certificate is not valid at this time.
ERROR
The current state is not valid for processing mode config payload.
ERROR
The current state is not valid for processing signature payload.
ERROR
The first payload is not a hash payload.
ERROR
The following error occurred while trying to open the configuration
file:
ERROR
The peer is not responding to phase 1 ISAKMP requests.
ERROR
The peer is not responding to phase 1 ISAKMP requests.
ERROR
The state flag indicates that the IPSEC SA payload has not been
processed.
ERROR
The system interface table is empty.
ERROR
The system IP address table is empty.
ERROR
Unable to compute hash!
ERROR
Unable to compute shared secret for PFS in phase 2!
ERROR
Unable to read configuration file.
ERROR
User did not enter XAuth next pin.
Page 56 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
ERROR
XAuth CHAP requests are not supported at this time.
ERROR
XAuth failed.
ERROR
XAuth has requested a password but one has not yet been
specified.
INFO
"The connection """" has been disabled."
INFO
A certificate is needed to complete phase 1.
INFO
A phase 2 SA can not be established with until a phase 1 SA is
established.
INFO
A pre-shared key is needed to complete phase 1.
INFO
AG failed. SA state unknown. Peer:
INFO
An incoming ISAKMP packet from was ignored.
INFO
DSS g value:
INFO
DSS p value:
INFO
DSS q value:
INFO
Event publisher deregistered.
INFO
Event publisher registered for.
INFO
Failed to negotiate configuration information with.
INFO
Found CA certificate in CA certificate list.
INFO
Ignoring unsupported payload.
INFO
Ignoring unsupported vendor ID.
INFO
ISAKMP phase 1 proposal is not acceptable.
INFO
ISAKMP phase 2 proposal is not acceptable.
INFO
MM failed. Payload processing failed. OAK_MM_KEY_EXCH.
Peer:
INFO
MM failed. Payload processing failed: OAK_MM_NO_STATE.
Peer:
INFO
MM failed. Payload processing failed: OAK_MM_SA_SETUP.
Peer:
INFO
MM failed. SA state not matching mask process auth. Peer:
INFO
MM failed. SA state not matching mask process key. Peer:
INFO
MM failed. SA state not matching mask process sa. Peer:
INFO
MM failed. SA state unknown. Peer:
INFO
NAT Detected: Local host is behind a NAT device.
INFO
NAT Detected: Peer is behind a NAT device.
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages Page 57
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
INFO
peer certificate missing key value.
INFO
Phase 1 has completed.
INFO
Phase 1 SA lifetime set to.
INFO
Phase 2 negotiation has failed.
INFO
Phase 2 SA lifetime set to.
INFO
Phase 2 with has completed.
INFO
Proposal not acceptable: not authentication algorithm specified.
INFO
Proposal not acceptable: not Diffie-Hellman group specified.
INFO
Proposal not acceptable: not encryption algorithm specified.
INFO
Proposal not acceptable: not hash algorithm specified.
INFO
Proposal not acceptable: proposal not found in list.
INFO
QM failed. Load SA failed. Peer:
INFO
Reading configuration file.
INFO
Ready to negotiate phase 2 with.
INFO
Received address notification notify.
INFO
Received attributes not supported notify.
INFO
Received authentication failed notify.
INFO
Received bad syntax notify.
INFO
Received certificate unavailable notify.
INFO
Received dead peer detection acknowledgement.
INFO
Received dead peer detection request.
INFO
Received initial contact notify.
INFO
Received invalid certificate authentication notify.
INFO
Received invalid certificate encoding notify.
INFO
Received invalid certificate notify.
INFO
Received invalid certificate request syntax notify.
INFO
Received invalid cookie notify.
INFO
Received invalid exchange type notify.
INFO
Received invalid flags notify.
INFO
Received invalid ID information notify.
INFO
Received invalid key info notify.
INFO
Received invalid major version notify.
Page 58 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
INFO
Received invalid message ID notify.
INFO
Received invalid minor version notify.
INFO
Received invalid payload notify.
INFO
Received invalid protocol ID notify.
INFO
Received invalid signature notify.
INFO
Received invalid SPI notify.
INFO
Received invalid transform ID notify.
INFO
Received malformed payload notify.
INFO
Received no proposal chosen notify.
INFO
Received notify SA lifetime notify.
INFO
Received phase 1 delete message.
INFO
Received phase 2 delete message for SPI.
INFO
Received policy provisioning acknowledgement.
INFO
Received policy provisioning OK.
INFO
Received policy provisioning update.
INFO
Received policy provisioning version reply.
INFO
Received policy provisioning version request.
INFO
Received responder lifetime notify.
INFO
Received situation not supported notify.
INFO
Received unequal payload length notify.
INFO
Received unknown notify.
INFO
Received unsupported DOI notify.
INFO
Received unsupported exchange type notify.
INFO
Received XAuth request.
INFO
Received XAuth status.
INFO
Re-evaluating ID info after INVALID_ID_INFO message.
INFO
Releasing IP address for the virtual interface ().
INFO
Renewing IP address for the virtual interface ().
INFO
Saving configuration file.
INFO
Sending dead peer detection acknowledgement.
INFO
Sending dead peer detection request.
INFO
Sending phase 1 delete.
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages Page 59
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
INFO
Sending phase 2 delete for.
INFO
Sending policy provisioning acknowledgement.
INFO
Sending policy provisioning version reply.
INFO
Sending XAuth acknowledgement.
INFO
Sending XAuth reply.
INFO
Signature Verified!
INFO
SonicWALL Global VPN Client version.
INFO
SonicWALL VPN Client.
INFO
Starting aggressive mode phase 1 exchange.
INFO
Starting authentication negotiation.
INFO
Starting configuration negotiation.
INFO
Starting ISAKMP phase 1 negotiation.
INFO
Starting ISAKMP phase 2 negotiation with.
INFO
Starting main mode phase 1 exchange.
INFO
Starting quick mode phase 2 exchange.
INFO
The configuration for the connection has been updated.
INFO
The configuration for the connection is up to date.
INFO
The configuration has been updated and must be reloaded.
INFO
The connection has entered an unknown state.
INFO
The connection is idle.
INFO
The hard lifetime has expired for phase 1.
INFO
The hard lifetime has expired for phase 2 with.
INFO
The IP address for the virtual interface has been released.
INFO
The IP address for the virtual interface has changed to.
INFO
The ISAKMP port (500) is already in use. Port will be used as the
ISAKMP source port.
INFO
The peer is not responding to phase 2 ISAKMP requests to.
INFO
The phase 1 SA has been deleted.
INFO
The phase 1 SA has died.
INFO
The phase 2 SA has been deleted.
INFO
The phase 2 SA has died.
INFO
The SA lifetime for phase 1 is seconds.
Page 60 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
INFO
The SA lifetime for phase 2 is seconds.
INFO
The soft lifetime has expired for phase 1.
INFO
The soft lifetime has expired for phase 2 with.
INFO
The system ARP cache has been flushed.
INFO
Unable to encrypt payload!
INFO
User authentication has failed.
INFO
User authentication has succeeded.
INFO
User authentication information is needed to complete the
connection.
INFO
XAuth has requested a username but one has not yet been
specified.
WARNING
A password must be entered.
WARNING
AG failed. SA state not matching mask process auth. Peer:
WARNING
AG failed. SA state not matching mask process key. Peer:
WARNING
AG failed. State OAK_AG_INIT_EXCH is invalid when responder.
Peer:
WARNING
AG failed. State OAK_AG_NO_STATE is invalid when initiator.
Peer:
WARNING
Failed to process aggressive mode packet.
WARNING
Failed to process final quick mode packet.
WARNING
Failed to process informational exchange packet.
WARNING
Failed to process main mode packet.
WARNING
Failed to process mode configuration packet.
WARNING
Failed to process packet payloads.
WARNING
Failed to process payload.
WARNING
Failed to process quick mode packet.
WARNING
Ignoring AUTH message when aggressive mode already
complete. Peer:
WARNING
Invalid DOI in delete message:
WARNING
Invalid IPSEC SA delete message.
WARNING
Invalid ISAKMP SA delete message.
WARNING
is not a supported OAKLEY attribute class.
WARNING
Protocol ID is not supported in SA payloads.
WARNING
Received an encrypted packet when not crypto active!
Appendix E- Log Viewer Messages Page 61
Table 3: Log Viewer Messages
WARNING
Received an unencrypted packet when crypto active!
WARNING
Responder lifetime protocol is not supported.
WARNING
The password is incorrect. Please re-enter the password.
WARNING
The pre-shared key dialog box was cancelled by the user. The
connection will be disabled.
WARNING
The select certificate dialog box was cancelled by the user. The
connection will be disabled.
WARNING
The username/password dialog box was cancelled by the user.
The connection will be disabled.
WARNING
Unable to decrypt payload!
Page 62 SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide
A
Adding VPN Connection Policies 12
Default.rcf File 12
Import Connection Policy 12
New Connection Wizard 12
C
Certificate Manager 30
Import Certificate 30
Command Line Interface 49
Configuring Program Launch Options 23
Connection Policies
Deleting 29
Renaming 29
Connection Properties 24
General 24
Peer
Peer Information 26
Peers 26
Status 28
User Authentication 25
Connection Status 21, 28
Connection Warning 21
D
Default.rfc File 40
Dial-Up VPN Connections
Configuration 16
Digital Certificates 13
Disabling a VPN Connection 21
E
Enabling VPN Connections
18
G
Global Security Client 7
Global VPN Client Enterprise
I
7
Installation 9
Setup Wizard
10
L
Launching Global VPN Client
Hide Window 17
Licensing 35
Log Viewer 31
Messages 50
17
M
Multiple VPN Connections
19
N
New Connection Wizard
Office Gateway 13
Remote Access 13
13
P
Pre-Shared Key
20
R
Redundant Gateways
Configuration 18
S
Selecting a Certificate 20
SonicWALL VPN Gateway Configuration
34
T
Troubleshooting 30
Generate Report
Log Viewer 31
33
U
Uninstalling Global VPN Client 34
Username/Password Authentication
20
V
VPN Connection Policies
Arranging 29
VPN Policy Shortcut 22
12, 29
Importing a VPN Policy 15
SonicWALL Global VPN Client 4.0 Administrator’s Guide Page 63
SonicWALL, Inc.
1143 Borregas Avenue
T +1 408.745.9600
Sunnyvale CA 94089-1306
F +1 408.745.9300
P/N: 232-000xxx-00
Rev A, 08/07
www.sonicwall.com
PROTECTION AT THE SPEED OF BUSINESS™
©2007 SonicWALL, Inc. is a registered trademark of SonicWALL, Inc. Other product names mentioned herein may be trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Specifications and
descriptions subject to change without notice. 07/07 SW 145
SonicWALL, Inc.
1143 Borregas Avenue
T +1 408.745.9600
Sunnyvale CA 94089-1306
F +1 408.745.9300
P/N: 232-001144-00
Rev C, 10/07
www.sonicwall.com
PROTECTION AT THE SPEED OF BUSINESS™
©2007 SonicWALL, Inc. is a registered trademark of SonicWALL, Inc. Other product names mentioned herein may be trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Specifications and
descriptions subject to change without notice. 07/07 SW 145
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