Instruction manual | Burnham MST629 Boiler User Manual

IN S TAL L AT ION , OP E R AT IN G AN D
S E R V IC E IN S T R U C T ION S F OR
Me g a S te a m™
3 - PA S S O I L B O I L E R
As an
ENERGY STAR® Partner,
Burnham Hydronics
has determined that the
MST288, MST396, MST513 and
MST629 meet the
ENERGY STAR®
guidelines for Energy
efficiency established by the
United States Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA).
F o r s e rvi c e o r re p a i r s to b o i le r, c a ll yo ur he a ti ng c o ntr a c to r o r o i l s up p li e r. W he n s e e k i ng
i nfo rma ti o n o n b o i le r, p r o vi d e B o i le r Mo d e l Numb e r a nd S e ri a l Num b e r a s s ho wn o n Ra ti ng
L a b e l lo c a te d o n to p o f the b o i le r.
B o i l e r M o d e l N um b e r
B o i l e r S e r i a l N um b e r
Ins ta lla ti o n D a te
MS T
He a ti ng C o ntra c to r
P ho ne Numb e r
A d d re s s
100618-01R4-5/08
Price - $3.00
IMPORTANT INFORMATION - READ CAREFULLY
All boilers must be installed in accordance with National, State and Local Plumbing, Heating
and Electrical Codes and the regulations of the serving utilities. These Codes and Regulations
may differ from this instruction manual. Authorities having jurisdiction should be consulted
before installations are made.
In all cases, reference should be made to the following Standards:
USA BOILERS
A. Current Edition of American National Standard ANSI/NFPA 31, “Installation of Oil
Burning Equipment”, for recommended installation practices.
B. Current Edition of American National Standard ANSI/NFPA 211, “Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel Burning Appliances”, For Venting requirements.
C. Current Edition of American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME CSD-1, “Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers”, for assembly and operations of controls and safety devices.
D. All wiring on boilers installed in the USA shall be made in accordance with the National Electrical Code and/or Local Regulations.
The following terms are used throughout this manual to bring attention to the presence of hazards
of various risk levels, or to important information concerning product life.
DANGER
CAUTION
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, will result in death, serious
injury or substantial property damage.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, may result in moderate or minor
injury or property damage.
WARNING
NOTICE
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury
or substantial property damage.
Indicates special instructions on installation,
operation, or maintenance which are important
but not related to personal injury hazards.
NOTICE
This boiler has a limited warranty, a copy of which is printed on the back of this manual.
The warranty for this boiler is valid only if the boiler has been installed, maintained and operated in
accordance with these instructions.
Surface rust on cast iron sections may be attributed to the manufacturing process as well as condensation
during storage. Surface rust is normal and does not affect the performance or longevity of a boiler.
DANGER
DO NOT store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors or liquids in the vicinity of this or any other
appliance.
WARNING
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service or maintenance can cause property damage, personal
injury or loss of life. Failure to follow all instructions in the proper order can cause personal injury or
death. Read and understand all instructions, including all those contained in component manufacturers
manuals which are provided with the appliance before installing, starting-up, operating, maintaining or
servicing this appliance. Keep this manual and literature in legible condition and posted near appliance
for reference by owner and service technician.
This boiler requires regular maintenance and service to operate safely. Follow the instructions contained
in this manual.
Installation, maintenance, and service must be performed only by an experienced, skilled and knowledgeable
installer or service agency.
All heating systems should be designed by competent contractors and only persons knowledgeable in
the layout and installation of hydronic heating systems should attempt installation of any boiler.
Installation is not complete unless a safety valve is installed into 1½"" x ¾"" NPT reducing bushing,
mounted into rear section boss, at the back of rear section. See Unit-Pak Boiler Assembly and Steam
Boiler Trim & Piping Sections of this manual for details.
It is the responsibility of the installing contractor to see that all controls are correctly installed and are
operating properly when the installation is completed.
This boiler is suitable for installation on combustible flooring. Do not install boiler on carpeting.
Do not tamper with or alter the boiler or controls.
Inspect flueways at least once a year - preferably at the start of the heating season. The inside of
the combustion chamber, the vent system and boiler flueways should be cleaned if soot or scale has
accumulated.
When cleaning this boiler, take precaution to avoid damage to burner swing door insulation. If damaged,
or if there is evidence of previous damage, burner swing door insulation must be replaced immediately.
Oil Burner and Controls must be checked at least once a year or as may be necessitated.
Do not operate unit with jumpered or absent controls or safety devices.
Do not operate unit if any control, switch, component, or device has been subject to water.
Appliance materials of construction, products of combustion and the fuel contain alumina, silica, heavy
metals, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, aldehydes and/or other toxic or harmful substances which
can cause death or serious injury and which are known to the state of California to cause cancer, birth
defects and other reproductive harm. Always use proper safety clothing, respirators and equipment when
servicing or working nearby the appliance.
WARNING
This boiler contains very hot water under high pressure. Do not unscrew any pipe fittings nor attempt
to disconnect any components of this boiler without positively assuring the water is cool and has no
pressure. Always wear protective clothing and equipment when installing, starting up or servicing this
boiler to prevent scald injuries. Do not rely on the pressure and temperature gauges to determine the
temperature and pressure of the boiler. This boiler contains components which become very hot when
the boiler is operating. Do not touch any components unless they are cool.
This boiler must be properly vented. The chimney must be inspected for any obstructions and cleaned
prior to each heating season. A clean and unobstructed chimney flue is necessary to produce the minimum
draft required to safely evacuate noxious fumes that could cause personal injury or loss of life. Evidence
of loose debris and or condensate induced stains at the base of the chimney flue, connector or smokepipe
joints may be signs of condensing flue gases. Flue gas condensate is corrosive, which requires special
consideration and must be addressed immediately. Refer to Section V, "Venting and Air Intake Piping".
This boiler needs fresh air for safe operation and must be installed so there are provisions for adequate
combustion and ventilation air.
This boiler is supplied with controls which may cause the boiler to shut down and not re-start without
service. If damage due to frozen pipes is a possibility, the heating system should not be left unattended in
cold weather; or appropriate safeguards and alarms should be installed on the heating system to prevent
damage if the boiler is inoperative.
This boiler is designed to burn No. 2 fuel oil only. Do not use gasoline, crankcase drainings, or any oil
containing gasoline. Never burn garbage or paper in this boiler. Do not convert to any solid fuel (i.e.
wood, coal). Do not convert to any gaseous fuel (i.e. natural gas, LP). All flammable debris, rags, paper,
wood scraps, etc., should be kept clear of the boiler at all times. Keep the boiler area clean and free of
fire hazards.
All boilers equipped with burner swing door have a potential hazard which, if ignored, can cause severe
property damage, personal injury or loss of life. Before opening swing door, unplug burner power cord
from receptacle located in lower right corner of jacket front panel and turn off service switch to boiler
to prevent accidental firing of burner outside the combustion chamber. Be sure to tighten swing door
fasteners completely when service is completed.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. Pre-Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
VII. Oil Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
II. Unit-Pak Boiler Assy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
VIII. System Start-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
III. Steam Boiler Trim & Piping . . . . . . . . . . . 22
IX. Maintenance & Service Instructions . . . 45
IV. Tankless & Indirect Water Heater Piping . 24
X. Boiler Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
V. Venting & Air Intake Piping . . . . . . . . . . 27
XI. Trouble Shooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
VI. Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
XII. Repair Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
Figure 1: MST288 Thru MST629 Steam Boiler with and without Tankless Heater
TABLE 1A: DIMENSIONAL DATA (SEE FIGURE 1)
Boiler
Model No.
Dimensions (See
Figure 1)
Water Content (To Normal
Water Line) - Gallons
With Tankless
Non-Heater
Heater
Heat Transfer
Surface Area
- sq. Ft.
Actual Shipping
Weight (LB.)
"A"
"B"
"C"
MST288
22-5/8"
24"
6"
15.3
14.9
20.29
607
MST396
22-5/8"
24"
6"
15.3
14.9
20.29
607
MST513
28-5/8"
30"
6"
19.7
19.3
27.29
744
MST629
34-5/8"
36"
7"
24.1
23.8
34.29
881
NOTE: 1: Maximum Working Pressure: Steam - 15 PSI
TABLE 1B: RATING DATA
Burner Capacity
Boiler
Model
No.
GPH
MBH
DOE Heating
Capacity MBH
MST288
0.75
105
92
MST396
1.05
147
MST513
1.35
189
MST629
1.65
231
I=B=R NET
Ratings
Steam
Steam
MBH
Sq. Ft.
Minimum Chimney
Requirements
Round Rectangle Height
In. Dia.
In. x In.
Ft.
AFUE
%
69
288
6
8X8
15
86.0
127
95
396
6
8X8
15
86.0
164
123
513
7
8X8
15
86.0
201
151
629
7
8X8
15
86.0
Section I: PRE-INSTALLATION
A. INSPECT SHIPMENT carefully for any signs of
damage.
1. All equipment is carefully manufactured, inspected
and packed. Our responsibility ceases upon delivery
of crated boiler to the carrier in good condition.
2. Any claims for damage or shortage in shipment
must be filed immediately against the carrier by the
consignee. No claims for variances from, or shortage
in orders, will be allowed by the manufacturer
unless presented within sixty (60) days after receipt
of goods.
B. LOCATE BOILER in front of final position before
removing crate. See Figure 1.
1. LOCATE so that vent pipe connection to chimney
will be short and direct.
• 30" for flueway cleaning (MST513)
• 36" for flueway cleaning (MST629)
b. Clearance from Jacket Left Side Panel • 19" for burner swing door, if opened fully
with burner mounted, otherwise 1" with burner removed
• 12" access clearance to service rear of boiler if right side clearance is less than 12"
• 1" minimum if right side clearance is 12" or larger to access and service rear of boiler.
c. Clearance from Jacket Right Side Panel • 6" minimum from external Electrical
Enclosure if left side clearance is 12" or
larger to access and service rear of the boiler
24" minimum from rear tanklesss heater (if
equipped) for servicing and removal of the
heater
2. BOILER IS SUITABLE FOR INSTALLATION
ON COMBUSTIBLE FLOOR. Boiler cannot be
installed on carpeting.
•
3. FOR BASEMENT INSTALLATION, provide
a solid elevated base, such as concrete, if floor is
not level, or if water may be encountered on floor
around boiler.
d. Clearance from Jacket Rear Panel -
4. PROVIDE RECOMMENDED SERVICE
CLEARANCE, if applicable, as follows:
a. Clearance from Jacket Front Panel • 24" for servicing burner
• 24" for flueway cleaning (MST288 &
MST396)
• 12" minimum for rear smokebox cleaning
(Note: This dimension will also be
controlled by horizontal to vertical to
horizontal smokepipe arrangement - See
Figures 2 and 14.)
5. For minimum clearances to combustible materials.
See Figure 2.
Figure 2: Minimum Installation Clearances To Combustible Materials (Inches)
NOTES:
1. Listed clearances comply with American National Standard
ANSI/NFPA 31, Installation of Oil Burning Equipment.
2. MegaSteam™ boilers can be installed in rooms with
clearances from combustible material as listed above.
Listed clearances cannot be reduced for alcove or closet
installations.
3. For reduced clearances to combustible material, protection
must be provided as described in the above ANSI/NFPA 31
standard.
NOTICE
Clearance to venting is for single wall vent
pipe. If Type L vent is used, clearance may be
reduced to the minimum required by the vent pipe
manufacturer.
C. PROVIDE COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
AIR. Local and National Codes may apply and should
be referenced.
WARNING
Adequate combustion and ventilation air must
be provided to assure proper combustion and
to maintain safe ambient air temperatures.
Do not install boiler where gasoline or other
flammable vapors or liquids, or sources of
hydrocarbons (i.e. bleaches, fabric softeners,
etc.) are used or stored.
Do not install boiler in laundry room, or, in
vicinity of clothes dryer to prevent inadequate
air supply to burner and lint contamination of
burner air intake openings.
1. Determine volume of space (boiler room). Rooms
communicating directly with the space in which
the appliances are installed, through openings not
furnished with doors, are considered a part of the
space.
Volume(ft3) = Length(ft) x Width(ft) x Height(ft)
2. Determine total input of all appliances in the space.
Add inputs of all appliances in the space and round
the result to the nearest 1000 BTU per hour.
3. Determine type of space. Divide Volume by total
input of all appliances in space. If the result is
greater than or equal to 50 ft3/1000 BTU per hour,
then it is considered an unconfined space. If the
result is less than 50 ft3/1000 BTU per hour then the
space is considered a confined space.
4. For boiler located in an unconfined space of a
conventionally constructed building, the fresh
air infiltration through cracks around windows
and doors normally provides adequate air for
combustion and ventilation.
5. For boiler located in a confined space or an
unconfined space in a building of unusually tight
construction, provide outdoor air.
a. Outdoor air for combustion may be provided
with an optional Burnham Inlet Air Accessory
Kit, Part Number 611280031 (only available
and suitable for use on Beckett AFG with
burner enclosure cover burner). See Section V
for installation details.
or
b. Outdoor air may be provided with the use of two
permanent openings which communicate directly
or by duct with the outdoors or spaces (crawl or
attic) freely communicating with the outdoors.
Locate one opening within 12 inches of top
of space. Locate remaining opening within 12
inches of bottom of space. Minimum dimension
of air opening is 3 inches. Size each opening per
following:
i. Direct communication with outdoors. Minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 BTU per hour input of all equipment in space.
ii. Vertical ducts. Minimum free area of 1
square inch per 4,000 BTU per hour input of
all equipment in space. Duct cross-sectional
area shall be same as opening free area.
iii. Horizontal ducts. Minimum free area of 1
square inch per 2,000 BTU per hour input of
all equipment in space. Duct cross-sectional
area shall be same as opening free area.
Alternate method for boiler located within
confined space. Use indoor air if two
permanent openings communicate directly
with additional space(s) of sufficient volume
such that combined volume of all spaces
meet criteria for unconfined space. Size each
opening for minimum free area of 1 square
inch per 1,000 BTU per hour input of all
equipment in spaces, but not less than 100
square inches.
6. Louvers and Grilles of Ventilation Ducts
a. All outside openings should be screened and
louvered. Screens used should not be smaller
than 1/4 inch mesh. Louvers will prevent the
entrance of rain and snow.
b. Free area requirements need to consider the
blocking effect of louvers, grilles, or screens
protecting the openings. If the free area of the
louver or grille is not known, assume wood
louvers have 20-25 percent free area and metal
louvers and grilles have 60-75 percent free area.
c. Louvers and grilles must be fixed in the open
position, or interlocked with the equipment to
open automatically during equipment operation.
SECTION II: UNIT-PAK BOILER ASSEMBLY
MegaSteam™ Unit-Pak Boiler Assembly Shipment
Content Check List (see Figure 3)
1. ___ Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing Door/Smoke Box Assembly Mounted on Shipping Skid:
____ MST3 (Rear Section, Heater) – Part # 100566-03 / 100045-01 / 100021-01
____ MST4 (Rear Section, Heater) – Part # 100566-04 / 100045-01 / 100021-01
____ MST5 (Rear Section, Heater) – Part # 100566-05 / 100045-02 / 100021-01
____ MST3 (Rear Section, Non-Heater) – Part # 100567-03 / 100045-01 / 100021-01
____ MST4 (Rear Section, Non-Heater) – Part # 100567-04 / 100045-01 / 100021-01
____ MST5 (Rear Section, Non-Heater) – Part # 100567-05 / 100045-02 / 100021-01
2. ___ Control Carton
____ CG450 LWCO; W/Tankless Heater - Part # 100608-01
____ PS801 LWCO; W/Tankless Heater - Part # 100622-01
____ #67 LWCO; W/Tankless Heater - Part # 100678-01
____ CG450 LWCO; L/Tankless Heater - Part # 100680-01
____ PS801 LWCO; L/Tankless Heater - Part # 100681-01
____ #67 LWCO; L/Tankless Heater - Part # 100679-01
3. ___ Jacket Carton
____ MST3 – Part # 100609-03
____ MST4 – Part # 100609-04
____ MST5 – Part # 100609-05
4. ___ Part Carton
____ MST3 & 4 - Part # 100615-01
____ MST5
- Part # 100629-01
5. ____ Insulation Wrapper
____ MST3 - Part #100614-03
____ MST4 - Part #100614-04
____ MST5 - Part #100614-05
6. ___ Instruction/Label Bag
____ MST (All Models) – Part # 100617-01
7. ___ Oil Burner Carton
____ Beckett MST288 – Part # 100625-01
____ Beckett MST396 – Part # 100053-01
____ Beckett MST513 – Part # 100054-01
____ Beckett MST629 – Part # 100055-01
Figure 3: MegaSteam™ Unit-Pak Boiler Shipment Contents (outside container removed)
6. For manual Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing Door/
Smoke Box Assembly removal prepare one piece of
4” x 4” x 16” lg. (or two pieces of 2” x 4” x 16” lg.)
and two pieces of 1” Sch. 40 black pipe to be used
as handles. Suggested pipe length for each handle is
72” (3-section); 78” (4-section) and 84” (5-section).
A. CAST IRON SECTION ASSEMBLY TAPPINGS
Refer to Table 3 "Purpose of Tappings and Bosses" and
Figure 7.
1. All tappings have factory installed thread protectors.
The thread protectors must be removed prior to
jacket and piping installation.
7. Place wooden block(s) 12” from rear of skid as
shown. See Figure 4 “ Boiler Removal from Skid”.
2. Depending of installation specifics and boiler build
ordered, some tappings (front section Optional Front
Return, rear section Indirect Heater Supply and
Indirect Heater Limit) may not be used and must be
plugged before jacket and piping installation. The
appropriate size plugs for above mentioned tappings,
as well as rear section Surface Blowoff and front
section probe type LWCO tappings, are enclosed
into Part Cartons (100615-01 or 100629-01) and
Control Cartons (100678-01 and 100679-01),
supplied as part of MegaSteam™ Unit-Pak Boiler
shipment.
8. Insert 1” Sch. 40 black pipe handles thru leg holes in
front and rear section legs. Center rear pipe ends on
wooden block(s). See Figure 4.
9. For best leverage, the pipe handles should extend
48” minimum beyond front section face.
10. Using the pipe handles, lift the Cast Iron Section/
Burner Swing Door/Smoke Box Assembly until
adjustable legs are elevated above the skid deck
boards.
11. Remove the skid from underneath the Cast Iron
Section/Burner Swing Door/Smoke Box Assembly.
B. Removal of Cast Iron Section/
Burner Swing Door / Smoke Box
Assembly from Skid.
12. Lower pipe handles until front adjustable legs touch
the floor. Place wood blocks under front legs, if
required, before lowering, to provide hand clearance.
WARNING
13. To lower rear of the Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing
Door/Smoke Box Assembly tilt unit slightly forward
by pushing on smokebox, or, lift pipes protruding
thru rear legs, until wooden block(s) can be removed
(see Figure 4). Slowly allow the weight of boiler to
tilt backward until rear legs rest on floor.
The Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing Door/Smoke
Box Assembly has a substantial weight. Insure
the travel path to permanent location, as well as
mounting surface at boiler permanent location,
are structurally sound and rated to handle the
boiler weight and water content (refer to Table 1A).
Otherwise, a potentially hazardous situation could
result in death, serious injury and substantial
property damage.
14. If wood blocks were placed under front legs, lift pipe
handles; remove the blocks and lower front legs to
floor. Remove pipe handles.
15. Move Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing Door/Smoke
Box Assembly to permanent position by sliding or
walking.
1. Move crated Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing
Door/Smoke Box Assembly and part cartons on the
shipping skid as close to final permanent location as
possible.
2. Remove all fasteners at crate skid. Lift outside
container. Examine the skid contents for damage due
to shipping and handling.
3. Remove Insulation Wrapper, Control Carton, Jacket
Carton, Part Carton and Oil Burner Carton from skid
and set aside.
CAUTION
Do not drop boiler when removing from skid and
moving to permanent position.
C. Procedure To Open, Close and
Secure Burner Swing Door.
4. Instruction/Label Bag is affixed to Section Assembly
tie rod. Remove the bag and locate MegaSteam™
Boiler Installation, Operating and Service Instruction manual. READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL
INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE ATTEMPTING UNIT
HANDLING AND INSTALLATION.
5. The Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing Door/Smoke
Box Assembly is secured to shipping skid with four
lag screws. Remove the screws and discard.
10
Throughout this manual you will be instructed to open
and close Burner Swing Door for various reasons.
There is a proper and improper method of closing
and securing the door opened for front jacket panel
installation, inspection, cleaning or field service. Refer
to Figures 5A, 5B, 5C and paragraphs D “Jacket Front
Panel Installation”, and, F “Closing/Securing Burner
Swing Door” for details.
D. Jacket Front Panel Installation.
In order to install front jacket panel Burner Swing Door
and door mounting bracket need to be removed. As
shipped, the door would open to the left side.
11
Figure 4: Boiler Removal from Skid
1. To open/remove Burner Swing Door (mounted on
Cast Iron Section/Burner Swing Door/Smoke Box
Assembly) and door mounting bracket for front
jacket panel installation:
a. Loosen but not remove door left side latching
hardware (3/8”-16 x 1-3/4” tap bolt).
b. Loosen and remove door right side latching
hardware (3/8”-16 x 1-3/4” tap bolt and 5/16”
washer) and set aside.
c. Remove door left side latching hardware (3/8”16 x 1-3/4” tap bolt and 5/16” washer) and set
aside.
d. Lift the door off mounting bracket and set aside.
e. Remove two 5/16”-18 – ¾” hex head cap screws
securing door mounting bracket to front section
and set aside.
f. Remove door mounting bracket and set aside.
g. Note/mark cap screw bosses on front section
left side; locate/mark similar two bosses directly
opposite on front section right side. These four
front section bosses are front jacket panel and
door mounting bracket attachment points.
See also Figure 7 “Purpose of Tappings & Bosses”.
2. Open Jacket Carton and locate jacket front panel
(has factory attached 1” fiberglass insulation). See
also “Repair Parts” Section, “Jacket Assembly”
illustration for part identification.
3. Open Part Carton, locate Hardware Bag, remove
two 5/16”-18 x ½” Phillips pan head machine
screws.
12
4. Place front jacket panel over front section
attachment bosses and align jacket holes with front
section boss holes.
5. Firstly, install two 5/16”-18 x ½” Phillips pan head
machine screws hand tight to secure front jacket
panel right side to casting
6. Secondly, insert 5/16”-18 – ¾” hex head cap
screw thru door mounting bracket upper hole
and upper hole on left side of front jacket panel
simultaneously, and, fasten the bracket and panel to
casting hand tight.
7. Thirdly, insert 5/16”-18 – ¾” hex head cap
screw thru door mounting bracket lower hole
and lower hole on left side of front jacket panel
simultaneously, and, fasten the bracket and panel to
casting hand tight.
8. Finally, tighten both sets of hardware to secure the
bracket and front jacket panel.
9. Inspect fiberglass rope located on the swing door.
The rope must be evenly distributed around the
perimeter of the door groove and cannot bunch or
overhang. Repair or replace, if the rope is damaged,
or, there is a gap between the rope ends.
10. Inspect burner swing door insulation for damage and
proper type.
By design, for all models, cast bars on front section
between the combustion chamber, and, between the
left and right side 2nd and 3rd pass flueways should
make an impression in door insulation to seal the
chambers.
Figure 5A: Partial Front View - Burner Swing Door Mounted to Boiler - Fully Closed and Secured
By design, door insulation on model MST629 will
have two by-pass pockets cast into the insulation
centered on the bar between the combustion
chamber and 3rd pass flueways. By design, door
insulation on models MST288, MST396 & MST513
will not have any by-pass pockets. If insulation is
damaged, or, improper type regarding the pockets, it
must be replaced.
11. Upon inspection completion, lift door and place
integral cast hinge pins into door mounting bracket
slotted holes. Do not close and secure door at this
time, proceed to installing stainless steel flueway
baffles.
12. Locate/remove four #8 x ½” shoulder sheet metal
screws from Hardware Bag, then, install them into
front panel flange holes.
Figure 5B: Top View - Burner Swing Door Mounted to Cast Iron Block Assembly (Jacket Removed for Clarity)
13
Figure 5C: Top View - Burner Swing Door Fully Closed but Not Properly Secured or Sealed
E. Flueway Baffle Installation.
Flueway baffles are enclosed into Part Carton. Baffle
requirements differ by boiler model, see Table 2.
table 2: baffle USAGE
Boiler
Model
Baffle Usage
2nd Pass
3rd Pass
MST288
None
MST396
MST513
MST629
(2)
P/N 100042-01
None
NOTE: Read caution statement before proceeding.
CAUTION
These baffles will generate higher efficiencies
and lower stack temperatures. Under certain
conditions, a lower gross stack temperature
entering the chimney has the potential to
be cooled below the dew point and create
condensate on interior surfaces. Flue gas
condensate is corrosive, which requires
special consideration and must be addressed
immediately.
DO NOT install baffles until you have read
Section V, "Venting" completely.
1.To install flueway baffles, provided in miscellaneous
part cartons, as follows, refer to Figure 6 and
Table 2:
14
• Models MST396, MST513 and MST629 - To
install flueway baffle in 2nd pass flueway on
left side of boiler, hold baffle with word "Left"
readable at the top. Slide baffle in flueway until
position tab touches fins on right side of 2nd pass
flueway. To install flueway baffle in 2nd pass
flueway on right side of boiler, hold baffle with
word "Right" readable at the top. Slide baffle
in flueway until position tab touches fins on left
side of 2nd pass flueway.
F. Closing / Securing Burner Swing
Door.
1. To close and secure Burner Swing Door:
a. From fully open position, rotate the door to the
closed position.
b. Lift door upward into the build-in cast ramp/door
rest (protruding from the bottom of the front
section casting – see Figure 5A).
c. Use one hand to apply pressure directly to the
door to hold it in closed position while reinstalling earlier removed door-latching hardware
(3/8”-16 x 1-3/4” tap bolt and 5/16” washer).
Prior to re-installation, apply a drop of supplied
Anti-seize (pouch provided in Part Carton) to
both tap bolts for rust protection and to facilitate
easy removal, if burner door is to be open for
inspection and service. ALWAYS INSTALL
RIGHT SIDE LATCHING HARDWARE FIRST,
THEN INSTALL EARLIER REMOVED LEFT
SIDE HINGE HARDWARE (3/8”-16 X 1-3/4”
TAP BOLT AND 5/16” WASHER) SECOND.
Apply additional pressure while hand tightening
the hardware as far as possible and then release
the pressure.
G. Jacket Rear Panel Installation.
1. Locate jacket rear panel (has factory attached 3”
fiberglass insulation) inside Jacket Carton. See
also “Repair Parts” Section, “Jacket Assembly”
illustration for part identification.
2. Locate and remove from Hardware Bag rear panel
mounting hardware – (2 pcs) 5/16”-18 x 3” lg. tap
studs, (2 pcs) 5/16”-18 plated acorn nuts, (2 pcs)
5/8” x 2-9/32” round spacers and (2 pcs) 5/16”-18 x
½” Phillips pan head machine screws.
3. Locate rear panel two lower attachment bosses on
rear section. See Figure 7 “Purpose of Tappings &
Bosses”.
4. Thread both 5/16”-18 x 3” lg. tap studs, with short
threaded end, into lower attachment bosses on rear
section.
5. Install both 5/8” x 2-9/32” round spacers over tap
studs.
6. Place rear jacket panel over rear section, so both
tap studs clear thru lower panel holes, rear section
cleanout openings clear thru matching panel cutouts
and brass sample port plug clears panel matching
hole.
7. Secure panel bottom to studs with acorn nuts hand
tight.
Figure 6: Flueway Baffle Positioning/Orientation in
Flueways
NOTICE
When securing burner swing door make sure door
is drawn-in equally on both sides.
d. Use a hand or socket wrench to tighten door
hardware. ALWAYS START WITH RIGHT
SIDE TAP BOLT FIRST. Use an alternating
tightening method from right side tap bolt to
left side tap bolt to tighten door equally, until
sealed, without applying excessive torque.
NEVER TIGHTEN LEFT SIDE TAP BOLT
FIRST, OR, EITHER PIECE OF HARDWARE
100% WITHOUT USING THE ALTERNATING
METHOD DESCRIBED ABOVE. See Figure
5B.
e. Failure to follow the prescribed procedure could
cause thread damage to casting and /or leak at
the door seal. IF LEFT SIDE TAP BOLT IS
TIGHTENED BEFORE RIGHT SIDE TAP
BOLT, RIGHT SIDE OF THE DOOR CAN
NOT BE DRAWN-IN TO PROVIDE AN AIRTIGHT SEAL, as shown in Figure 5C. Applying
excessive torque will only cause thread damage.
8. Align upper panel attachment holes with smokebox
upper attachment bosses and install 5/16”-18 x ½”
Phillips pan head machine screws hand tight.
9. Securely tighten rear jacket panel mounting
hardware.
10. Locate/remove four #8 x ½” shoulder sheet metal
screws from Hardware Bag, then, install them into
rear panel flange holes.
H. Flue Cleanout Covers and Smokebox
Collar Installation.
1. Remove two cast iron Cleanout Covers, cast iron
Smokebox Collar and the tube of hi-temperature
silicon adhesive sealant from Part Carton. See also
“Repair Parts” Section, “Bare Boiler Assembly”
illustration for part identification.
2. Check the rope gasket factory attached to the covers.
Repair or replace, if the rope is damaged, or, there is
a gap between the rope ends.
3. Locate/remove four 5/16”-18 – 7/8” hex head cap
screws from Hardware Bag.
4. Apply a drop of supplied Anti-seize (pouch provided
in Part Carton) to each of four (4) 5/16”-18 x 7/8”
hex head cap screws for rust protection and to
facilitate easy removal for future service.
5. Position left Cleanout Cover over rear section
cleanout opening, align section boss holes with
Cleanout Cover holes, install both 5/16”-18 – 7/8”
hex head cap screws hand tight, then, alternately
tighten them with open end or socket wrench.
15
Figure 7: Purpose of Tappings and Bosses
Table 3: Purpose of Tappings & bosses
16
Tapping
Location
Size, NPT
Boss Location
Thread Size
UNC
Steam Boiler
Less Heater
With Heater
A
¼" - 18
Pressure Gauge
B
¼" - 18
Pressure Limit
C
¾" - 14
Probe LWCO - Std.
Plugged (Float LWO)
D
½" - 14
Water Gauge Glass (Probe LWCO)
Water Gauge Glass, Pressuretrol &
LWCO (Float LWCO)
E
2" - 11½"
Supply (Front & Rear Tappings)
F
¾" - 14
Safety Valve
G
1½" - 11½
Condensate Return
H
1¼" - 11½
Optional Front Return
J
1½" - 11½
Surface Blowoff (Plugged)
K
1" - 11½
Indirect Water Heater Supply
L
½" - 14
Indirect Water Heater Limit
Q
¼" - 18
R
½"-14
M (4 pcs)
5/16" - 18
Jacket Front Panel, Burner Swing
Door Mounting Bracket
N (2 pcs)
3/8" - 16
Burner Swing Door
P (10 pcs)
5/16" - 18
Jacket Rear Panel, Smoke Box Collar,
Cleanout Covers
Smokebox Pressure Tapping
L4006
Operating
Control
Plugged
6. Repeat above steps with right Cleanout Cover.
7. Apply the adhesive sealant to the underside of the
collar, all around, at the inside corner of the collar
outer ring. Insure adhesive bead is complete all
around and without gaps.
8. Place the collar over smokebox tongue and align
collar integral mounting ear slots with smokebox
bosses.
9. Thread-in both 5/16”-18 – 7/8” hex head cap screws
hand tight, then, alternately tighten them with open
end or socket wrench.
I. Insulation Wrapper and Burner
Power Outlet Receptacle with
Harness Installation.
1. Insulation Wrapper is vacuum packed/sealed in
plastic bag at the factory.
2. Carefully cut the plastic bag and remove Insulation
Wrapper. The wrapper will expand upon removal.
3. Unfold Insulation Wrapper, position it over section
assembly centered left to right and align two
wrapper upper holes with 2" NPT pipe tappings in
front and rear section top.
4. Insure wrapper fits snugly around rear section
tankless heater collar/ mounting flange (if boiler
is equipped with tankless heater) and trim the
insulation at tankless heater cutout. Do not trim off
insulation on boilers having non-heater rear section.
5. Tack Insulation Wrapper bottom ends under section
assembly, between front and rear section legs.
6. Locate and remove Burner Power Outlet Receptacle
with factory attached Burner Harness from Control
Carton.
7. Feed Molex end of Burner Harness thru front jacket
panel right side outlet receptacle cutout. Insure
that the receptacle middle prong opening is facing
down. Snap the receptacle into front jacket panel.
Temporarily, stuff Molex end of Burner Harness
between front panel insulation and insulation
wrapper near boiler top.
J. Side and Top Jacket Panel
Installation.
1. Pick up Left Side Jacket Panel from Jacket Carton.
See also “Repair Parts” Section, “Jacket Assembly”
illustration for part identification.
2. Place Left Side Jacket Panel over four #8 x ½”
shoulder sheet metal screws, earlier installed at
Front and Rear Jacket Panel side flanges, so teardrop
cutouts in the side panel inside flanges engage all
four screws simultaneously.
3. Slide the panel downwards to lock all screws
securely.
4. Pick up Right Side Jacket Panel from Jacket Carton.
See also “Repair Parts” Section, “Jacket Assembly”
illustration for part identification.
5. Pick up Molex end of Burner Harness stuffed
between front panel insulation and insulation
wrapper and feed it thru Right Side Jacket Panel
front cutout, letting the harness connector to hang
over the cutout edge temporarily.
6. Place Right Side Jacket Panel, clearing rear section
tankless heater collar/ mounting flange, over four
#8 x ½” shoulder sheet metal screws, previously
installed at Front and Rear Jacket Panel side flanges,
so teardrop cutouts in the side panel inside flanges
engage all four screws simultaneously.
7. Slide the panel downwards to lock all screws
securely.
8. Pick up Top Jacket Panel from Jacket Carton.
9. Place the panel between side panels upper inside
flanges and slide it forward, until top panel front
flange U-bend locks over front panel top flange, and,
top panel rear flange is positioned over rear jacket
panel.
10. Locate/remove two #8 x ½” sheet metal screws from
Hardware Bag.
11. Install both screws into top panel rear flange to
secure the top panel to rear jacket panel.
K. External Electrical Enclosure
Mounting.
1. Remove two #8 x ½” shoulder sheet metal screws
and one #8 x ½” sheet metal screw from Hardware
Bag.
2. Install both #8 x ½” shoulder sheet metal screws
into Right Side Jacket Panel, at two upper corners of
the panel front cutout.
3. Locate and remove External Electrical Enclosure
assembly from Control Carton.
4. Remove the enclosure cover and set aside.
5. Pick Molex connector end of Burner Harness and
feed it inside the enclosure, thru bushed hole at
enclosure lower left corner, next to transformer/
relay.
6. Place the enclosure over installed shoulder sheet
metal screws, so teardrop cutouts in the enclosure
base engage both screws simultaneously, then, slide
the enclosure downwards to lock it in place.
7. Install #8 x ½” sheet metal screw thru enclosure
base lower hole, located to the right of transformer/
relay, into right side panel to secure the enclosure.
8. Plug-in burner harness Molex connector into
dedicated burner harness receptacle inside the
enclosure (lower left off transformer/relay). See “
Control Plug-In Diagram” label attached to inside of
the enclosure cover for details.
9. Do not install the enclosure cover yet; proceed to
control installation.
17
L. Trim and Controls Installation.
Pressure Limit Installation.
1. Locate and remove L404F Pressure Limit with
factory attached harness from Control Carton.
2. Locate and remove 1/4" NPT x 1-7/8" x 4 x 90°
syphon enclosed in Part Carton.
3. Review and locate pressure limit tapping on front
section. See Table 3 “ Purpose of Tappings &
Bosses” and Figure 7.
4. Thread 1-7/8" lg. syphon-threaded short end into
the bottom of Pressure Limit with factory attached
harness. Do not tighten the syphon by holding the
limit case; apply a wrench to the brass hex below
the case.
5. Thread ¼" NPT x 4" lg. syphon-threaded long end
into pressure limit tapping on front section. See
Figure 8 "Pressure Limit Installation.
6. L404F pressure limit does not require leveling. The
pressure limit final orientation must be parallel to
boiler front, having the harness on the right side.
7. Pick-up the pressure limit harness Molex end and
feed it into the enclosure, thru top flange rear left
7/8” hole; then, snap-in harness BX connector into
the hole, and, plug Molex connector into dedicated
pressure limit receptacle inside the enclosure (upper
left off transformer/relay). See “ Control Plug-In
Diagram” label attached to inside of the enclosure
cover for details.
2. Install the probe into the appropriate front section
tapping. See Figure 7 “Purpose of Tappings &
Bosses”.
3. Slip LWCO with factory attached harness over the
probe and clamp in place. Note that CG450 LWCO
will be positioned right side up, with diagnostic
LED(s) on the top flange, while PS801 LWCO
will be positioned upside down, with diagnostic
LED(s) on the bottom flange. Connect the wire(s)
between the probe and control per manufacturer’s
instructions.
4. Pick-up the LWCO harness Molex end and feed it
into the enclosure, thru external electrical enclosure
top flange front left 7/8” hole; then, snap-in harness
BX connector into the hole, and, plug-in Molex
connector into dedicated LWCO receptacle inside
the enclosure (middle left off transformer/relay). See
“ Control Plug-In Diagram” label attached to inside
of the enclosure cover for details.
N. Pressure Gauge and Gauge Glass
Installation.
1. Remove the 6” water gauge glass set from Part
Carton.
2. Install the gauge glass using the two ½” NPT
tappings to the right of the probe LWCO. See Figure
7 “Purpose of Tappings & Bosses”.
3. Thread the pressure gauge into 1/4” NPT tapping of
the front section. See Figure 7 “Purpose of Tappings
& Bosses”. Tighten with wrench applied to the
square shank of the gauge.
CAUTION
Do not apply pressure to gauge case, as this may
result in inaccurate readings.
O. Float LWCO (McDonnell-Miller #67),
AND Gauge Glass Installation.
1. Pre-assemble float-type LWCO per Figure 9 "FloatType LWCO and Gauge Glass Installation".
2. Install two ½” NPT x 2½" long Sch 40 brass nipples,
supplied loose inside Control Carton (disregard two
½" NPT x 1½" long brass nipples provided with
#67 LWCO package) and ½" NPT brass unions into
upper and lower front section tappings. See Table 3
"Purpose of Tappings & Bosses" and Figure 7.
Figure 8: Pressure Limit Installation
M. Probe LWCO (Hydrolevel CG450,
or, McDonnell-Miller PS801-120)
Installation.
1. Remove either Hydrolevel CG450 LWCO with
factory attached harness and Hydrolevel probe
#EL1214, or, McDonnell-Miller PS801-120 with
factory attached harness and #153875 probe from
Control Carton.
18
3. Install water gauge glass on low water cut-off
assembly tee fittings.
4. Do not remove ¼” NPT plug factory installed on top
of #67 LWCO.
5. Insure that 3/8" NPT plug (provided within #67
LWCO package) is installed at bottom of #67
LWCO.
6. Remove #67 LWCO J-box cover.
19
Figure 9: Float-Type LWCO and Pressure Limit Installation
7. Screw LWCO to External Wiring Enclosure wiring
harness (end with fork and female disconnect
terminals) connector into low water cut-off J-box
top fitting, and attach wires to the terminals per
LWCO wiring detail shown in Figure 9 "Float-Type
LWCO and Gauge Glass Installation".
8. Re-install #67 LWCO J-box cover.
9. Pick-up the LWCO harness Molex end and feed it
into the enclosure, thru external electrical enclosure
top flange front left 7/8” hole; then, snap-in harness
BX connector into the hole, and, plug-in Molex
connector into dedicated LWCO receptacle inside
the enclosure (middle left off transformer/relay). See
“ Control Plug-In Diagram” label attached to inside
of the enclosure cover for details.
10.Pick-up the pressure limit harness Molex end and feed it into the enclosure, thru External Electrical Enclosure top flange rear left 7/8” hole; then, snap-in harness BX connector into the hole,
and, plug-in Molex connector into dedicated pressure
limit receptacle inside the enclosure (upper left off
transformer/relay). See “ Control Plug-In Diagram”
label attached to inside of the enclosure cover for
details.
P. Aquastat Controller Installation
(Boilers with Tankless Heater only).
1. On boilers with tankless heater, install the L4006A
aquastat controller well (found in Part Carton) into
½” NPT tapping in tankless heater plate.
2. Remove the L4006A aquastat controller with factory
attached harness from Control Carton.
3. Slip the bulb of the aquastat controller into the well
and secure the controller in place with the set screw.
WARNING
Aquastat bulb must be fully inserted into the
well.
4. Feed the L4006A aquastat controller harness end
thru external electrical enclosure top flange middle
right bushed hole. See “ Control Plug-In Diagram”
label attached to inside of the enclosure cover for
details.
5. See Figures 18, 19 and 20 (whichever applicable)
for tankless heater aquastat connection details.
6. Using needle nose pliers form hook on harness each
stripped end and wrap hooks around screws under
terminals "R" and "G" of the R8285C TransformerRelay; then, tighten screws securely.
Q. Safety Valve and Drain Valve
Installation.
1. Remove safety valve and related piping (3/4”
NPT x 3” lg. black nipple, 3/4” NPT x 8” lg. black
20
nipple, ¾” NPT 90° black elbow and ¾” NPT black
coupling) from Part Carton.
2. Thread 3/4" NPT x 3” lg. black nipple into rear
section safety valve tapping, install ¾” NPT 90°
black elbow facing upward, then, thread 3/4" NPT
x 8” lg. black nipple into the elbow, and, install ¾”
NPT black coupling onto nipple end.
3. Thread safety valve into the ¾” NPT black coupling.
Pipe the safety valve discharge as shown in Figure
11 “ Recommended Boiler Piping For Gravity
Return Steam Boiler” shown in Section III of this
manual. Installation of the safety valve must be
consistent with ANSI/ASME Boiler and Pressure
Vessel Code, Section IV.
WARNING
Safety valve discharge piping must be piped near
floor to eliminate potential of severe burns. Do
not pipe in any area where freezing could occur.
Do not install any shut-off valves, plugs or caps.
4. Remove 1-1/2" NPT x 5” lg. black nipple, 1-1/2”
x 1-1/2” x ¾” NPT black tee and drain valve from
Part Carton.
NOTICE
Lower rear section Tapping "H" is used for
standard condensate return on steam boilers.
5. Thread 1-1/2" NPT x 5” lg. black nipple into lower
rear section tapping, then, install 1-1/2” x 1-1/2” x
¾” NPT black tee onto nipple end. Black tee side
outlet may be oriented to either left, or, right side.
6. Install the drain valve into black tee ¾” NPT side
outlet.
R. Oil Burner Installation.
1. Install oil burner, refer to Figure 10.
a. Open burner carton and remove contents.
b. Check oil nozzle in burner for size, angle and
type, inspect electrode settings, check head
setting, check air band and air shutter settings,
refer to Table 8 at rear of this manual.
c. Place oil burner gasket on burner and align holes.
CAUTION
Do not install burner without gasket.
d. Remove three (3) 5/16-18 x 3/4 lg. cap screw
from burner swing door used for mounting
burner.
e. Thread (1) 5/16-18 x 3/4 lg. cap screw,
approximately three (3) full turns, into tapping
located at 12:00 o'clock on burner swing door.
f. Insert oil burner into the opening of burner
swing door. Align and engage keyhole slot in
burner flange over head of protruding cap screw
installed in previous Step. Rotate burner to the
right to lock flange behind head of cap screw.
h. Plug burner power cord into power outlet
receptacle located in lower right corner of front
panel.
g. Align holes and install two (2) remaining cap
screws. Level burner and fully tighten all three
(3) screws.
Figure 10: Oil Burner Installation
21
SECTION III: STEAM Boiler PIPING & TRIM
WARNING
Failure to properly pipe boiler may result in improper operation and damage to boiler or structure.
Do not increase steam boiler input above the ratings.
A. Evaluate the existing steam system.
2. Repair any leaks in the system.
3. Install accurate water meter on the fresh water
supply to the boiler.
The single most important factor in determining the
expected life cycle of a steam boiler, is the amount of
fresh water added to the boiler during operation. Fresh
water brings minerals and oxygen into the boiler. These
contaminants greatly accelerate corrosion of the cast
iron boiler sections.
1. Assure that all system radiators, piping and vents are
absolutely leak tight.
a. When a steam boiler is installed in an existing
system, ALL air vents should be replaced at the
same time. This assures that the new boiler will
not be compromised by existing system leaks.
B. Connect system supply and return
piping to boiler. See Figure 11 for piping
details. Also consult I=B=R Installation and Piping
Guides.
CAUTION
Maintain minimum ½ inch clearance from hot
water piping to combustible materials.
b. If the system contains hidden supply or return
piping (hidden behind walls, buried in concrete,
etc.) pressure test this piping to assure there are
no leaks.
NOTICE
Do not use softened water in steam boilers. Accelerated boiler corrosion will result. Tie in fresh water
supply to the boiler upstream of a water softener.
Oxygen contamination of boiler water will cause corrosion of iron and steel boiler components, and
can lead to boiler failure. Burnham's Standard Warranty does not cover problems caused by oxygen
contamination of boiler water or scale (lime) build-up caused by frequent addition of water.
Before using copper for steam piping, consider the following characteristics of copper piping:
1) high coefficient of thermal expansion can induce mechanical stresses and cause expansion/
contraction noises if not accounted for in the piping system design and installation,
2) high heat transfer rate (heat loss) of uninsulated copper piping must be included in the normal
piping and pickup factors used to size the boiler,
3) soldering or brazing pastes and fluxes that end up in the system can cause poor heat transfer,
surging, an unsteady water line and wet steam if not thoroughly removed during the boil out
procedure and,
4) galvanic corrosion of the adjoining metal may occur due to dissimilar metals in certain water
chemistries if dielectric unions are not used.
22
23
Figure 11: Recommended Boiler Piping for Gravity Return Steam Boiler
SECTION IV: TANKLESS & Indirect Water HEATER PIPING
A. CONNECT TANKLESS HEATER PIPING as
shown in Figure 12. See Table 4 for Tankless Heater
Rating.
WARNING
Install automatic mixing valve at tankless heater
outlet to avoid risk of burns or scalding due to
excessively hot water at fixtures. Adjust and
maintain the mixing valve in accordance with
the manufacturer's instructions. Do not operate
tankless heater without mixing valve.
THE FOLLOWING GUIDELINES SHOULD BE
FOLLOWED WHEN PIPING THE TANKLESS
HEATER:
1. FLOW REGULATION — If flow through the
heater is greater than its rating, the supply of
adequate hot water may not be able to keep up
with the demand. For this reason a flow regulator
matching the heater rating should be installed in
the cold water line to the heater. The flow regulator
should preferably be located below the inlet to the
heater and a minimum of 3’ away from the inlet
so that the regulator is not subjected to excess
temperatures that may occur during “off” periods
when it is possible for heat to be conducted back
through the supply line. The flow regulator also
limits the flow of supply water regardless of inlet
pressure variations in the range of 20 to 125 psi.
2. TEMPERING OF HOT WATER — Installation
of an automatic mixing valve will lengthen the
delivery of the available hot water by mixing some
cold water with the hot. This prevents the possibility
of scalding hot water at the fixtures. In addition,
savings of hot water will be achieved since the user
will not waste as much hot water while seeking a
water temperature. Higher temperature hot water
required by dishwashers and automatic washers is
possible by piping the hot water from the heater
prior to entering the mixing valve. The mixing valve
should be “trapped” by installing it below the cold
water inlet to heater to prevent lime formation in the
valve. Refer to Figure 12.
3. FLUSHING OF HEATER — All water contains
some sediment which settles on the inside of the
coil. Consequently, the heater should be periodically
back washed. This is accomplished by installing
hose bibs as illustrated and allowing water at city
pressure to run into hose bib A, through the heater,
and out hose bib B until the discharge is clear. The
tees in which the hose bibs are located should be
the same size as heater connections to minimize
pressure drop.
4. HARD WATER — A water analysis is necessary
to determine the hardness of your potable
water. This is applicable to some city water and
particularly to well water. An appropriate water
softener should be installed based on the analysis
and dealer’s recommendation. This is not only
beneficial to the tankless heater but to piping and
fixtures plus the many other benefits derived from
soft water.
NOTICE
During summertime operation, the normal
water line on a steam boiler can be raised
1", from 28-7/8" to 29-7/8" (see Figure 1) for
improved tankless heater performance on
steam boilers.
Use street elbow fittings in tankless in and out
connections to assure adequate clearance of
piping.
CAUTION
Use of hard water with a tankless coil will, over a short period of time, reduce the output of the coil and reduce
the useful life of the coil.
24
Figure 12: Schematic Tankless Water Heater Piping
Table 4: TANKLESS HEATER DATA:
Boiler Model
Heater No.
MST288
MST396
MST513
MST629
222A
Heater Rating
(GPM)
Pressure Drop thru
Heater (PSI)
3.00
22.0
3.25
24.3
3.50
26.5
4.00
31.0
25
Figure 13: Alliance™ Water Heater Piping with MegaSteam™ Boiler
B. CONNECT ALLIANCE™ INDIRECT WATER
HEATER PIPING as shown in Figure 13.
26
1. Refer to Alliance™ manual for additional
information.
SECTION V: VENTING & Air intake piping
a. Loose Mortar – Loose mortar could be an
indication of a prior history of condensing flue
gases upon the inside walls of the chimney.
Colder climates are more susceptible to this
condition. Under no circumstances shall a
chimney of this condition be used until it meets
the requirements of NFPA 211.
b. Unlined Chimney – Under no circumstances
shall a chimney constructed of brick only
be used. Only approved clay liners or listed
chimney lining systems shall be used as specified
in NFPA 31.
c. Abandoned Openings – Openings through the
chimney wall that are no longer used shall
be sealed in accordance to NFPA 211. Often
abandoned openings are improperly sealed and
usually covered by a gypsum wall covering.
d. Clean Chimney – Chimney shall be free of all
loose debris.
A. Chimney Venting
1. Chimney venting is an important part of a safe
and efficient oil fired appliance system. Contact
your local fire and building officials on specific
requirements for restrictions and the installation
of fuel oil burning equipment. In addition,
consult with a professional knowledgeable on
the requirements of NFPA 31 – Standard for the
Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment and NFPA
211 - Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and
Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances for installations in
the United States
2. The safe venting of oil fired boilers is dependent on
many factors. Some of these factors include:
a. sufficient draft during the entire heating season
to allow for the safe discharge of combustion byproducts and;
b. suitable corrosion protection in the event of
condensing flue gases. Only a trained and
qualified contractor may install this product.
3. The MegaSteam™ can be vented into a fireclay
tile-lined masonry chimney that meets requirements
outlined in Paragraph 4 below. It can also be vented
into a chimney constructed from type L vent or a
factory built chimney that complies with the type
HT requirements of UL 103. The chimney and
vent pipe shall have a sufficient draft at all times,
to assure safe proper operation of the boiler. See
Figure 14 for recommended installation.
WARNING
Do not de-rate the appliance. Failure to fire the
unit at it's designed input may cause excessive
condensation upon the interior walls of the
chimney. In addition, the lower input may not
create enough draft to adequately evacuate the
by-products of combustion.
4. Chimney Inspection – Prior to the installation of
any new or replacement fuel burning equipment the
chimney shall be inspected by a qualified installer.
The chimney shall be inspected for integrity as
well as for proper draft and condensate control.
Some jurisdictions require the use of a liner when
changing fuel types. Some jurisdictions require
the use of a liner even when the same fuel is used.
At a minimum, the chimney shall be examined
by a qualified person in accordance with the
requirements of Chapter 11 of NFPA 211, Standard
for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid FuelBurning Appliances.
5. Draft Regulator – the draft regulator supplied with
the boiler must be used with this appliance. No
other draft regulator shall be used. Refer to Figures
14 and 15.
B. Chimney Connector
1. A chimney connector (vent pipe) is used to connect
the boiler to the base of the chimney. The chimney
connector should be kept as short as possible. The
horizontal length of the chimney connector shall not
be greater than 10 feet.
NOTE: Secure chimney connector to cast iron
smokebox collar with three (3) #10 x ½" self drilling
hex head TEK screws provided in appropriate
Parts Carton. Locate screws around perimeter of
connector as shown in Figure 14 and approximately
½" in from edge. Use drill with 5/16" hex bit to
drive screws through connector and smokebox
collar.
DANGER
The chimney and connector shall be inspected
annually for signs of debris and corrosion.
Loose mortar at the base of the chimney may be
a sign of condensate damage to the chimney.
A chimney professional shall be contacted
immediately to examine the damage and
recommend a solution. Long term operation
while in this condition may cause a venting
failure and force flue gases into the living
space. If the chimney is to be relined use the
recommendations in NFPA 31, Appendix E.
27
Figure 14: Recommended Vent Pipe Arrangement and Chimney Requirements
28
Figure 15: Proper and Improper Locations of Draft Regulator
2. Type B Chimney Connector - a type B chimney
connector can be used to transmit the flue gases
provided flue gas temperature entering the chimney
connector is greater than 310°F.
3. Type L Chimney Connector - a type L vent or
other suitable material shall be used for a chimney
connector if the temperature or exiting temperature
is less than 310°F.
DANGER
Any signs of condensate seepage at the base of
the chimney shall be inspected immediately. The
discoloration may be a sign of chimney damage
and must be remedied immediately.
C. Draft
1. The natural draft generated through a chimney is
dependent on several factors including, chimney
height, temperature of flue gases, cross section area
of chimney, chimney wall insulation value, dilution
air and total volume of flue gases, to name a few.
Make sure that the boiler has been running for at
least 5 minutes before measuring the draft.
2. Minimum Draft at Breech (Canopy) – The draft
induced by a chimney must create at least a
pressure of 0 (zero) inches water column (“ w.c.)
at the pressure tapping on the canopy mounted
on rear of boiler (see Figure 16). The pressure
at the canopy cannot be positive since this could
create a condition that allows flue gas by-products
to escape from the draft regulator. A negative
pressure reading up to -.03 inches water column
is acceptable for proper operation. (See Table 8,
Burner Specifications at the rear of this manual for
more details)
3. Minimum Overfire Pressure – The overfire
pressure is another piece of information that is
often measured, however this should be done for
observation purposes only! The breech pressure
must be used to qualify the draft condition. See
Table 8 for more details as a guide. Actual draft and
temperature measurements may be different then
those values in the table.
2. NFPA 31 has information to help the installer
make an appropriate choice of venting materials.
In some cases a chimney may have to be lined to
create sufficient draft. In other cases, the chimney
may have to be lined to prevent the corrosion
of a masonry chimney. Consult with a chimney
specialist knowledgeable on the requirements for
chimney requirements in your area.
CAUTION
Any doubt on the condition of a chimney
or it's ability to prevent the generation and
accumulation of flue gas condensate, must be
relined according to NFPA31.
CAUTION
Use the chimney venting tables as a guide. It
is highly recommended that any borderline
application should result in the relining of the
chimney with a suitable liner that creates sufficient
draft and to protect against corrosion caused by
flue gas condensate.
3. Baffles – The efficiency of the boiler is based on the
insertion of flue baffles supplied with your product.
Under no circumstances are other baffles to be used
on this product. The baffles are installed in the 2nd
pass (two inner flueways) on the MST396, MST513
and MST629 Refer to Section II, Item E, Paragraph
1 for baffle installation. If there is any doubt
on the application of this boiler on the intended
chimney, consult with your local code officials.
At a minimum, remove the baffles to increase the
stack temperature. See Table 8 for temperature
differential (∆T) with baffles IN and OUT. In
addition, the lower the CO2 level the higher the
stack temperature.
D. Stack Temperature
1. The temperature of the flue gases has a significant
effect on the amount of draft created in a vertical
chimney as well as the propensity to create
condensate. The higher the stack temperature, the
greater the amount of draft that can be generated. A
lower stack temperature not only reduces the amount
of draft that can be created but it also increases the
possibility that the flue gases could condense in the
chimney connector or stack.
Figure 16: Smokebox Pressure Tapping for
Checking Draft at Breech
29
WARNING
Remove the baffles if there are any signs
of condensation in the chimney or chimney
connector. Consult with your local chimney
professional for recommendations.
E. Minimum Clearances
See Figure 2 for details regarding clearances to
combustibles for the boiler.
F. OPTIONAL AIR INTAKE PIPING
INSTALLATION - All air for combustion can be
supplied directly to the burner from outdoors providing
that the criteria for chimney, vent connector and
minimum stack temperature outlined in this section
can be maintained. (ONLY AVAILABLE WITH
BECKETT BURNER). See Figure 17.
WARNING
Using outdoor air in the middle of winter
may result in lower stack temperatures
and chimney degradation. Any signs of
condensate seepage or discoloration at
the base of chimney must be remedied
immediately per the details outlined in this
section.
Do not reduce size of air intake pipe.
Read, understand and follow combustion air
instruction restrictions contained in the PreInstallation Section of this manual.
1. General
a. Use 4" dia., single wall galvanized metal pipe
and fittings available at most heating distributors
for air intake piping. Maximum allowable air
intake length is 50 equivalent feet. Each elbow
is equal to 6 equivalent feet.
WARNING
Do not exceed maximum allowable air intake
length.
b. Start at burner. Work toward air intake terminal.
c. Maintain minimum of 1/4 inch per foot slope in
horizontal run to air intake terminal. Slope down
toward air intake terminal.
d. Seal all joints gas-tight, using silicone caulk or
self-adhesive aluminum tape.
2. After determining location, cut a hole in the wall to
accept 4 inch air intake pipe. See Figure 15.
3. Remove the metal knockout in right side of burner
cover. Install Burnham Inlet Air Accessory Kit, Part
Number 611280031.
4. Mount the Vacuum Relief Valve Tee Assembly (P/N
8116268 included with Kit) or 90° elbow into the
burner inlet ring. See Figure 16.
a. Secure with at least three (3) sheet metal screws
evenly spaced around the burner inlet ring.
b. Assemble the vacuum relief valve balance
weight onto the gate. Refer to the vacuum relief
valve manufacturer's instructions.
Figure 17: Optional Air Intake Piping Installation - Only Available with Beckett Burner
30
c. Mount the vacuum relief valve into the tee and
fasten with a screw and nut in collar tabs. To
ensure proper operation, the gate must be level
across the pivot point and plumb. Refer to
vacuum relief valve manufacturer's instructions.
5. Install remainder of air intake, securing each joint
with at least three (3) sheet metal screws evenly
spaced.
7. Seal all external joints with weatherproof caulk.
WARNING
Do not locate air intake where petroleum distillates,
CFC's, detergents, volatile vapors or any other
chemicals are present. Severe boiler corrosion
and failure will result.
6. Install air intake terminal. See Figure 17.
NOTICE
Intake terminal must be at least 12 inches above
grade plus snow accumulation.
31
SECTION VI: ELECTRICAL
DANGER
Positively assure all electrical connections are unpowered before attempting installation or service of
electrical components or connections of the boiler or building. Lock out all electrical boxes with padlock
once power is turned off.
WARNING
Failure to properly wire electrical connections to the boiler may result in serious physical harm.
Electrical power may be from more than one source. Make sure all power is off before attempting any
electrical work.
Each boiler must be protected with a properly sized fused disconnect.
Never jump out or make inoperative any safety or operating controls.
A. General
1. Install wiring and electrically ground boiler in
accordance with requirements of the authority
having jurisdiction, or in absence of such
requirements the National Electrical Code, ANSI/
NFPA 70.
2. Refer to National Electric Code or Local Electric
Codes for proper size and type of wire required.
Follow Code.
3. A separate electrical circuit must be run from
the main electrical service with an over-current
device/disconnect in the circuit. A service switch is
recommended and may be required by some local
jurisdictions.
4. Use anti-short bushings on all wiring passing
through boiler jacket, junction boxes and/or control
boxes.
5. Use armored cable (BX) over all exposed line
voltage wiring.
32
6. If an Alliance™ indirect water heater is used, use
priority zoning. Do not use priority zoning for
Hydro-Air Systems.
7. Wiring should conform to Figure 18.
B. Install A room thermostat on an
inside wall about four feet above floor. Never install
thermostat on an outside wall or where it will be
influenced by drafts, hot or cold water pipes, lighting
fixtures, television, rays of the sun or near a fireplace.
Keep large furniture away from thermostat so there will
be free movement of room air around this control.
Heat Anticipator in Thermostat should be set to match
the requirements of the control to which it is connected.
See Figure 20 for desired system and heat anticipator
setting. If system tends to overheat above the
thermostat's temperature setting, reduce heat anticipator
setting by .1 or .2 amps. If system tends to short cycle
without reaching desired room temperature, increase
heat anticipator setting by .1 or .2 amps.
33
Figure 18: Wiring Diagram, Steam, Hydrolevel CG450 Probe LWCO
34
Figure 19: Wiring Diagram, Steam, McDonnell & Miller PS-801 Probe LWCO
35
Figure 20: Wiring Diagram, Steam, McDonnell & Miller #67 Float LWCO
BOILER SEQUENCE OF OPERATION WITH PROBE LWCO (See Figure 18)
When the thermostat calls for heat, it energizes the R8285C Control Center relay which in turn energizes the cad cell
primary control, bringing on the burner. The burner will operate in the following sequence: Prepurge for the first 10
seconds; fire until the thermostat is satisfied or the limit setting on the high limit is reached; post-purge for the last 10
seconds. When the pressure limit control restores the circuit on a drop in pressure, the burner will start if the thermostat is still calling for heat.
The probe low water cut-off will shut down the burner after a 10-15 second delay, if the water level in the boiler drops
below the probe level.
The Hydrolevel CG450 low water cut-off will shut down the burner for 90 seconds every 10 minutes of firing time to
allow water level to stabilize. If the water level is too low the burner will not be allowed to restart.
The probe low water cut-off will reset and restart the burner with a call for heat a few seconds after the water is returned to its normal level.
On burner start, if the cad cell does not see flame within approximately 15 seconds, primary control will shut burner
down and enter into a recycle mode, after 60 seconds burner will restart and repeat trial for ignition. If after three
(3) trials for ignition, flame is not detected, control will enter into restricted mode and must be reset manually before
burner can be restarted.
When there is no demand for heat, the operating control will maintain the boiler water temperature at the selected
setting for proper operation of the domestic water heater, if equipped with optional tankless heater.
BOILER SEQUENCE OF OPERATION WITH PROBE LWCO (See Figure 19)
When the thermostat calls for heat, it energizes the R8285C Control center relay, which in
turn energizes the cad cell primary control, bringing on the burner. The burner will
operate in the following sequence: Prepurge for the first 10 seconds; fire until the
thermostat is satisfied or the limit setting on the high limit is reached; post-purge
for the last 10 seconds. When the pressure limit control restores the circuit on a
drop in pressure, the burner will start if the thermostat is still calling for heat.
The probe low water cut-off will shut down the burner after a 10-15 second delay, if
the water level in the boiler drops below the probe level.
The probe low water cut-off will reset and restart the burner with a call for heat a
few seconds after the water is returned to its normal level.
On burner start, if the cad cell does not see flame within approximately 15 seconds, primary control will shut burner down and enter into a recycle mode, after 60
seconds burner will restart and repeat trial ignition. If after three (3) trials for ignition, flame is not detected, control will enter into restricted mode and must be reset
manually before burner can be restarted.
When there is no demand for heat, the operating control will maintain the boiler
water temperature at the selected setting for proper operation of the domestic
water heater, if equipped with optional tankless heater.
McDonnell & Miller PS-801
Terminals May be Lettered or
Numbered as Follows:
Wire
Color
Numbered Lettered
Terminals Terminals
RD
5
B
BK
1
H
WH
2
N
Jumper
1-3
H-C
BOILER SEQUENCE OF OPERATION WITH FLOAT LWCO (See Figure 20)
When the thermostat calls for heat, it energizes the R8285C Control center relay, which in turn energizes the cad cell
primary control, bringing on the burner. The burner will operate in the following sequence: Prepurge for the first 10
seconds; fire until the thermostat is satisfied or the limit setting on the high limit is reached; post-purge for the last 10
seconds. When the pressure limit control restores the circuit on a drop in pressure, the burner will start if the thermostat is still calling for heat. The low water cut-off will shut down the burner if the water level in the boiler drops too low.
The control resets and restarts the burner with a call for heat a few seconds after the water is returned to its normal
level.
On burner start, if the cad cell does not see flame within approximately 15 seconds, primary control will shut burner
down and enter into a recycle mode, after 60 seconds burner will restart and repeat trial for ignition. If after three
(3) trials for ignition, flame is not detected, control will enter into restricted mode and must be reset manually before
burner can be restarted.
When there is no demand for heat, the operating control will maintain the boiler water temperature at the selected setting for proper operation of the domestic water heater, if equipped with optional tankless heater.
36
SECTION VII: OIL PIPING
A. General
1. Use flexible oil line(s) so the burner swing door
can be opened without disconnecting the oil supply
piping.
2. A supply line fuel oil filter is recommended as a
minimum for all firing rates but a pleated paper fuel
oil filter is recommended for the firing rates below
1.0 gph to prevent nozzle fouling.
3. Use Flared fittings only. Cast iron fittings cannot be
used.
NOTICE
WARNING
Under no circumstances can copper with sweat
style connectors be used.
NOTICE
Some jurisdictions require the use of a fusible
shutoff valve at the tank and/or the burner. In
addition, some jurisdictions require the use of a
fusible electrical interlock with the burner circuit.
Check your local Codes for special requirements.
B. Single Pipe Oil Lines
Do not use compression fittings.
Oil piping must be absolutely airtight or leaks
or loss of prime may result. Bleed line and
fuel unit completely.
Refer to your local jurisdictions regarding
any special considerations for fuel supply
requirements. In addition, refer to NFPA 31,
Standard for the installation of Oil-Burning
Equipment.
4. Use of a high efficiency micron filter (Garber or
equivalent) in addition to a conventional filter is
highly recommended.
5. Piping used to connect the oil burner to the oil
supply tank shall not be smaller than 3/8" iron pipe
or 3/8" OD copper tubing. Copper tubing shall have
a .032" minimum wall thickness.
1. Standard burners are provided with single-stage
3450 rpm fuel units with the bypass plug removed
for single-pipe installations.
2. The single-stage fuel unit may be installed singlepipe with gravity feed or lift. Maximum allowable
lift is 8 feet. See Figure 21.
3. Fuel Oil Line Deaerator – On many occasions a
leaky oil delivery line can introduce air into the
fuel oil supply system. This often creates a rough
starting condition and can create a burner lockout
state. In addition to fixing the leak, a fuel line
deaerator can be installed to eliminate air. The
single line from the fuel tank is connected to the
deaerator. The burner pump must be connected
to the deaerator as a two pipe system. Follow the
oil pump manufacturer’s recommendations for
conversion to a two pipe system.
Figure 21: Single Pipe Oil Line
37
C. Two Pipe Oil Lines
1. For two piped systems, where more lift is required,
the two-stage fuel unit is recommended. Table
5 (two-stage) and Table 6 (single-stage) show
allowable lift and lengths of 3/8 inch and 1/2 inch
OD tubing for both suction and return lines. Refer
to Figure 22.
2. Follow the oil pump manufacturer’s recommendations on the proper connections for a two pipe
system. Some manufacturers require the insertion
of a bypass plug.
Table 5: Two-Stage Units (3450 RPM) Two Pipe Systems
Lift "H"
(See Fig. 22)
Maximum Length of Tubing
"H" + "R" (See Figure 22)
3/8" OD Tubing
(3 GPH)
1/2" OD Tubing
(3 GPH)
0'
93'
100'
2'
85'
100'
4'
77'
100'
6'
69'
100'
8'
60'
100'
10'
52'
100'
12'
44'
100'
14'
36'
100'
16'
27'
100'
18'
---
76'
3. Under no circumstances is a manual shutoff valve to
be located on the return line of a two pipe system.
Accidental closure of the return line will rupture the
oil pump seals.
Table 6: Single-Stage Units (3450 RPM) Two Pipe Systems
Lift "H"
(See Fig. 21)
3/8" OD Tubing
(3 GPH)
1/2" OD Tubing
(3 GPH)
0'
84'
100'
1'
78'
100'
2'
73'
100'
3'
68'
100'
4'
63'
100'
5'
57'
100'
6'
52'
100'
7'
47'
100'
8'
42'
100'
9'
36'
100'
10'
31'
100'
11'
26'
100'
12'
21'
83'
13'
---
62'
14'
---
41'
Figure 22: Two Pipe Oil Lines
38
Maximum Length of Tubing
"H" + "R" (See Figure 22)
Section VIII: SYSTEM START-UP
WARNING
All boilers equipped with burner swing door have a potential hazard which can cause severe property damage,
personal injury or loss of life if ignored. Before opening swing door, turn off service switch to boiler to
prevent accidental firing of burner outside the combustion chamber. Be sure to tighten swing door fastener
completely when service is completed.
A. ALWAYS INSPECT INSTALLATION
BEFORE STARTING BURNER.
1. SET ROOM THERMOSTAT about 10° above
room temperature.
1. Verify that the venting, water piping, oil piping, and
electrical system are installed properly. Refer to
Installation Instructions contained in this manual.
2. PRESS RED RESET BUTTON on front of
burner cover, hold for one (1) second and release to
reset primary control.
2. Confirm all electrical, water and oil supplies are
turned off at the source and that the vent is clear
from obstructions.
3. On STEAM BOILERS:
a. With an L404F1367 - set cut-out pressure
(MAIN scale) on the pressure limit for (1) PSI
and differential pressure (DIFF.) for .5 PSI.
These pressures may be varied to suit individual
requirements of the system.
WARNING
Completely read, understand and follow all
instructions in this manual before attempting
start up.
B. FILL HEATING SYSTEM WITH WATER.
NOTICE
It is important, especially in a steam system, to
properly remove the oil and dirt from the system.
Failure to clean the system can result in erratic
water lines and surging.
CLEAN HEATING SYSTEM if boiler water or
condensate return water is dirty or if erratic water lines
or surging exist after a few days of boiler operation.
Refer to Maintenance and Service Instructions Section
of this manual for proper cleaning instructions for
steam and water boilers.
1. STEAM BOILERS — Fill boiler to normal water
line. Refer to Figure No. 1.
WARNING
The maximum operating pressure of this boiler is
posted on the ASME Data Label located on the top
of the boiler. Never exceed this pressure. Do not
plug relief valve.
C. CHECK CONTROLS, WIRING AND
BURNER to be sure that all connections are tight and
burner is rigid, that all electrical connections have been
completed and fuses installed, and that oil tank is filled
and oil lines have been tested.
D. SET CONTROLS with burner service switch turned
“OFF”.
4. On STEAM BOILERS WITH TANKLESS
DOMESTIC WATER HEATERS, set boiler
water temperature dial on L4006 operating control
at 190°F (max.). Set differential at 10°.
E. ADJUST OIL BURNER BEFORE
STARTING.
1. CHECK BURNER AIR BAND, AIR SHUTTER
AND HEAD SETTING (if applicable), readjust if
necessary, see Table 8 at rear of manual.
2. OPEN ALL OIL LINE VALVES.
3. Attach a plastic hose to fuel pump vent fitting and
provide a pan to catch the oil.
4. OPEN FLAME OBSERVATION PORT COVER
on burner swing door.
F. START OIL BURNER.
1. Open vent fitting on fuel pump.
2. PRESS RED RESET BUTTON on front of burner
cover, hold for one (1) second and release to reset
primary control.
3. TURN ‘ON’ BURNER service switch and
allow burner to run until oil flows from vent
fitting in a SOLID stream without air bubbles for
approximately 10 seconds.
NOTE: For Primary Control "Pump Priming
Cycle" details, see Paragraph I, No. 2., Step a.,
Item ii .
4. Close vent fitting and burner flame should start
immediately after prepurge is completed. Prepurge
prevents burner flame until 15 seconds has elapsed
after initial power is applied to burner. During
prepurge the motor and igniter will operate but the
oil valve will remain closed. Refer to Oil Primary
Control Instructions for more details.
39
5. Adjust oil pressure.
a. When checking a fuel unit's operating pressure, a
reliable pressure gauge may be installed in either
the bleeder port or the nozzle port. See Figure
23.
b. Locate oil pressure adjusting screw and turn
screw to obtain proper pump pressure, refer to
Table 8 at rear of manual.
c. To check the cut-off pressure, deadhead a reliable
pressure gauge onto the copper connector tube
attached to the nozzle port. Run the burner for
a short period of time. Shut the burner off. The
pressure should drop and hold.
d. Remove the gauge and install bleeder port and/or
reconnect the nozzle port line.
See Table 8 (at rear of this manual) for details
regarding the overfire pressure when baffles are both
installed and removed.
3. READJUST THE HEAD SETTING only if
necessary.
a. MST288 & MST396:
Beckett MB(L1) Head burner has a fixed head
which is non-adjustable.
b. MST513 & MST629:
Beckett MD(V1) (variable) Head burners have
the ability to control air by moving the head. It
might be necessary to move the head forward
or back one position at a time to optimize the
smoke and CO2 readings. See Figure 24.
4. TURN “OFF” BURNER and remove pressure
gauge. Install gauge port/bleeder plug and tighten.
Start burner again.
WARNING
Do not loosen or remove any oil line fittings while
burner is operating.
5. FLAME FAILURE
The MegaSteam™ boiler controls operate the burner
automatically. If for unknown reasons the burner
ceases to fire and the reset button on the primary
control has tripped, the burner has experienced
ignition failure.
WARNING
Figure 23: Adjusting Fuel Pump Pressure
G. ADJUST OIL BURNER WHILE
OPERATING. (flame present)
1. ADJUST DRAFT REGULATOR for a draft of
zero inches (water gauge) in the canopy (see Figure
18) after chimney has reached operating temperature
and while burner is running. (At least five minutes)
See Table 8 at rear of manual for details.
2. READJUST THE AIR BAND on burner for a
light orange colored flame while the draft in the
canopy is zero inches water column ("w.c.). Use a
smoke tester and adjust air for minimum smoke (not
to exceed #1) with a minimum of excess air. Make
final check using suitable instrumentation to obtain
a CO2 of 11.5 to 12.5% with draft of zero inches
water column ("w.c.) (water gauge) in canopy.
These settings will assure a safe and efficient
operating condition. If the flame appears stringy
instead of a solid fire, try another nozzle of the same
type. Flame should be solid and compact. After
all adjustments are made recheck for a draft of zero
inches water column ("w.c.) in the canopy. Replace
plug at completion.
40
Do not attempt to start the burner when excess oil
has accumulated, when the unit is full of vapor, or
when the combustion chamber is very hot.
H. CHECK FOR CLEAN CUT OFF OF
BURNER.
1. AIR IN THE OIL LINE between fuel unit and
nozzle will compress when burner is on and will
expand when burner stops, causing oil to squirt from
nozzle at low pressure as the burner slows down and
causing nozzle to drip after burner stops. Usually,
cycling the burner operation about 5 to 10 times will
eliminate air from the oil line.
2. IF NOZZLE CONTINUES TO DRIP, repeat
Paragraph H, No. 1. If this does not stop the
dripping, remove cut-off valve and seat, and wipe
both with a clean cloth until clean, then replace
and readjust oil pressure. If dripping or after burn
persist replace fuel pump.
I. TEST CONTROLS.
1. Check thermostat operation. Raise and lower
thermostat setting as required to start and stop
burner.
41
Figure 24: "L1" and "V1" Head Electrode Positioning and Gun Setting (Beckett AFG)
vi. Diagnostic LED: The indicator light on oil
primary control provides lockout, recycle
and cad cell indications as follows:
WARNING
Before installation of the boiler is considered
complete, the operation of all boiler controls must
be checked, particularly the primary control and
pressure limit control.
2. VERIFY PRIMARY CONTROL FEATURES
using procedures outlined in Instructions furnished
with control or instructions as follows:
a. Features and Controls
i. The R7184 is a microprocessor-based
control. The indicator light provides
diagnostic information for lockout, recycling
and patented cad cell status. There is a
manual reset button to exit the Lockout
Mode and enter the Idle Mode (see Figure
25).
• Flashing at 1 Hz (½ second on, ½ second • Flashing at ¼ Hz (2 seconds on, 2 seconds • On: cad cell is sensing flame.
• Off: cad cell is not sensing flame.
off): system is locked out or in Restricted Mode.
off): control is in Recycle Mode.
vii. Cad Cell Resistance Check: For proper operation it is important that the cad cell resistance is below 1600 ohms. During a normal call for heat, once the control has entered the Run Mode, press and release the reset button. Indicator light will flash 1 to 4 flashes. See Table 7 for equivalent cad cell resistance.
Table 7: Cad Cell Resistance When Sensing Flame
Flashes
Figure 25: R7184 Terminals, LED and Reset Button
ii. Pump Priming Cycle: To facilitate purging
air from the oil lines and filters, the R7184
can be placed in a purge routine by pressing
and releasing the reset button during the
safety check, delayed valve-on, ignition or
carry-over periods.
iii. Limited Recycle: This feature limits the
number of recycle trials (for each call
for heat) to a maximum of three trials. If
the flame is lost three times and does not
successfully satisfy a call for heat, the
R7184 locks out.
iv. Limited Reset (Restricted Mode): In order
to limit the accumulation of unburned oil in
the combustion area, the control can only be
reset three times. The reset count returns to
zero each time a call for heat is successfully
completed.
• To reset from Restricted Mode: Press and hold the reset button for 30 seconds. When the LED flashes twice, the device has reset.
v. T-T Jumper: Select models have preinstalled T-T jumper. Do not remove
jumper. See Figure 25.
42
Cad Cell Resistance in ohms
1
Less than 400
2
More than 400 and less than 800
3
More than 800 and less than 1600
4
More than 1600 and less than 5000
b. Check Oil Primary Control
CAUTION
Due to the potential hazard of line voltage,
only a trained, experienced service technician
should perform the following safety checks.
This control contains no field-serviceable
parts. Do not attempt to take it apart.
Replace entire control if operation is not as
described.
i.
Preliminary Steps
• Check wiring connections and power • Make sure power is on to the controls.
• Make sure limit control is closed.
• Check contacts between ignitor and the • Check the oil pump pressure.
• Check the piping to the oil tank.
• Check the oil nozzle, oil supply and oil supply.
electrodes.
filter.
ii. Check Safety Features
Safe Start:
• Place a jumper across cad cell terminals.
• Follow procedure to turn on burner. • If safety switch shuts down burner and • Close line switch to boiler. If burner starts
Burner must not start, indicator light turns on and control remains in Idle Mode.
• Remove jumper.
iii. Simulate Ignition or Flame Failure:
• Follow procedure to turn on burner.
• Close hand valve in oil supply line.
• Failure occurs, device enters Recycle • Device tries to restart system after • After third Recycle Mode trial, safety Mode. Indicator light flashes at ¼ Hz rate 2 seconds on, 2 seconds off).
approximately 60 seconds.
iv.
switch locks out within safety switch timing indicated on label and control enters Restricted Mode. Indicator light flashes at 1 Hz rate (½ second on, ½ second off). Ignition and motor stop and oil valves closes.
Cad Cell Check: See Figure 26.
resistance is above 1600 OHMS, open line
switch to boiler. Access cad cell under ignitor, clean face of cad cell and see that cell is securely in socket. Check gasket around perimeter of ignitor lid for proper seal. If gasket is missing or damaged, replace gasket. Room light can effect cad cell resistance. Reset safety switch.
and runs beyond safety switch cut-off time, cell is good. If not, install new cell.
v. Power Failure Check: After Flame is
established, turn the power off to the control/
burner. The burner should shut down safely.
When power is restored a normal ignition
sequence should be started.
3. WARNING — Check Pressure Limit Control
— Jumper Thermostat Terminals. Allow burner to
operate until shut-down by limit. Installation is not
considered complete until this check has been made.
WARNING
Jumper must be removed after this check.
4. Check low water cut off control with water level at
normal water line (see Figure 1). Raise thermostat
setting to allow burner to operate. Open boiler drain
to allow water level to drop to bottom of sight glass
until burner operation is shut-down by low water
cut-off.
Close boiler drain and refill to normal water line.
Burner should automatically restart during fill.
Lower thermostat setting.
Figure 26: Cad Cell Location
• Perform cad cell resistance check as outlined in control feature. If resistance is
below 1600 OHMS and burner runs beyond safety cut-out time, cad cell is good.
5. Check operating control on boiler equipped with
tankless heaters. With burner off, draw hot water
until burner starts, then turn off hot water and check
burner shut-down.
J. IF CONTROLS DO NOT MEET
REQUIREMENTS outlined in Paragraph I.,
replace control and repeat checkout procedures.
43
Important Product Safety Information
Refractory Ceramic Fiber Product
Warning:
The Repair Parts list designates parts that contain refractory ceramic fibers
(RCF). RCF has been classified as a possible human carcinogen. When
exposed to temperatures about 1805°F, such as during direct flame contact,
RCF changes into crystalline silica, a known carcinogen. When disturbed as a
result of servicing or repair, these substances become airborne and, if inhaled,
may be hazardous to your health.
AVOID Breathing Fiber Particulates and Dust
Precautionary Measures:
Do not remove or replace RCF parts or attempt any service or repair work
involving RCF without wearing the following protective gear:
1. A National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
approved respirator
2. Long sleeved, loose fitting clothing
3. Gloves
4. Eye Protection
•
•
•
•
Take steps to assure adequate ventilation.
Wash all exposed body areas gently with soap and water after contact.
Wash work clothes separately from other laundry and rinse washing
machine after use to avoid contaminating other clothes.
Discard used RCF components by sealing in an airtight plastic bag. RCF
and crystalline silica are not classified as hazardous wastes in the United
States and Canada.
First Aid Procedures:
•
•
•
•
44
If contact with eyes: Flush with water for at least 15 minutes. Seek
immediate medical attention if irritation persists.
If contact with skin: Wash affected area gently with soap and water.
Seek immediate medical attention if irritation persists.
If breathing difficulty develops: Leave the area and move to a location
with clean fresh air. Seek immediate medical attention if breathing
difficulties persist.
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Drink plenty of water. Seek
immediate medical attention.
SECTION Ix: MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
A. MAINTENANCE OF LOW WATER CUTOFF DEVICES
WARNING
Probe and float type low water cut-off devices
require annual inspection and maintenance.
1. PROBE TYPE LOW WATER CUT-OFF
Although these devices are solid state in their
operation, the probe is exposed to possible
contamination in the boiler water and subject to
fouling.
It is important to physically remove the probe from
the boiler tapping annually and inspect that probe
for accumulation of scale or sediment.
Follow these steps to inspect, clean and/or replace
the probe:
a. Turn off electric service to the boiler.
b. Drain boiler water to a level below the tapping
for the probe.
c. Disconnect wiring connections between the low
water cut-off control and the probe.
d. Remove the low water cut-off control from the
probe.
DANGER
Assure that the boiler is at zero pressure before
removing the LWCO probe. Do not rely on the
pressure gauge to indicate that the boiler is at
zero pressure. Open the safety valve to relieve
all internal pressure prior to proceeding. Safety
valve discharge piping must be piped such that
the potential for burns is eliminated.
e. Unscrew the probe from the boiler tapping.
f. Inspect that portion of the probe that is exposed
to the boiler water for a scale or sediment
buildup.
g. Light deposits may be removed by wiping the
probe with a damp cloth. Wiping the probe with
a cloth soaked in vinegar will remove more
tenacious lime deposits. The most stubborn
deposits may be removed from the probe by
using a diluted amount, 3 parts of water to 1 part
of phosphoric acid (H2PO4).
CAUTION
Exercise caution when handling phosphoric acid
and follow the instruction label on its container.
h. Clean the pipe threads of the probe to remove
old, hardened pipe dope and other foreign matter.
i. Apply a moderate amount of good quality pipe
dope to the pipe threads on the probe, leaving the
two end threads bare. Do not use PTFE (Teflon)
tape.
j. Screw the probe into the boiler tapping.
k. Mount the low water cut-off control on the
probe.
l. Reconnect the control to probe wiring.
m.Fill the boiler to its normal waterline.
n. Add boiler water treatment compound as needed
(refer to Paragraph B.).
o. Restore electric service to the boiler.
p. Fire burner to bring the water in the boiler to a
boil to drive off free oxygen.
q. WARNING — BEFORE RETURNING
BOILER TO SERVICE: Follow the low water
cut-off check out procedure in Section VIII,
Paragraph I, No. 4.
2. FLOAT TYPE LOW WATER CUT-OFF
During the heating season, if an external low water
cut-off is on the boiler, the blow off valve should
be opened once a month (use greater frequency
where conditions warrant), to flush out the sediment
chamber so the device will be free to function
properly.
Low water cut-offs and water feeders should
be dismantled annually by qualified personnel,
to the extent necessary to insure freedom from
obstructions and proper functioning of the
working parts. Inspect connecting lines to boiler
for accumulation of mud, scale, etc., and clean as
required. Examine all visible wiring for brittle or
worn insulation and make sure electrical contacts
are clean and that they function properly. Give
special attention to solder joints on bellows and float
when this type of control is used. Check float for
evidence of collapse and check mercury bulb (where
applicable) for mercury separation or discoloration.
Do not attempt to repair mechanisms in the field.
Complete replacement mechanisms, including
necessary gaskets and installation instructions are
available from the manufacturer.
B. BOILER AND SYSTEM CLEANING
INSTRUCTIONS FOR TROUBLE FREE
OPERATION
1. STEAM BOILERS
a. Oil, greases & sediments which accumulate in a
new boiler and piping must be removed in order
to prevent an unsteady water line and carry over
of the water into the supply main above boiler.
45
Operate the boiler with steam in the entire
system for a few days allowing the condensate
to return to the boiler. If the condensate can
temporarily be wasted, operate boiler only for
the length of time it takes for condensate to run
clear. If the latter cannot be achieved or if the
condensate is returned to the boiler, boil out
the boiler using the SURFACE BLOW-OFF
connection, see Figure 7.
i. Drain boiler until 1” of water is visible in
gauge glass. Run temporary 1½” NPT pipe
line from the surface blow-off connection to
an open drain or some other location where
hot water may be discharged safely. Do not
install valve in this line.
ii. Drain about 5 gallons of hot water from
boiler into a container and dissolve into it
an appropriate amount of recommended boil
out compound. Remove safety valve & add
solution to boiler water thru exposed tapping
using a funnel.
NOTICE
Check with local authorities or consult local
water treatment services for acceptable chemical
cleaning compounds.
iii. Start burner and operate sufficiently to boil
the water without producing steam pressure.
Boil for about 5 hours. Open boiler feed
pipe sufficiently to permit a steady trickle
of water from the surface blow-off pipe.
Continue this slow boiling and trickle of
overflow for several hours until the water
coming from the overflow is clear.
iv. Stop burner and drain boiler in a manner
and to a location that hot water can be
discharged with safety.
v. Refill boiler to normal water line. If water
in gauge glass does not appear to be clear,
repeat steps (i. thru iii.) and boil out the
boiler for a longer time.
b. Low pressure steam boilers such as the
MegaSteam™, should be maintained with
appropriate water treatment compounds.
Add suitable water treatment compounds as
recommended by your qualified water treatment
company.
c. Remove temporary surface blow-off piping, plug
tapping and reinstall safety valve. Boil or bring
water temperature to 180°F promptly in order to
drive off the dissolved gases in the fresh water.
d. If unsteady water line, foaming or priming
persist, install gate valve in Hartford Loop and
drain valves in return main and at boiler as
shown in Figure 11 and proceed as follows:
i Connect hoses from drain valves to floor
46
drain. Close gate valve in Hartford Loop and
open drain valve in return main. Fill boiler
to normal water level, turn on oil burner and
operate boiler at this water level for at least
30 minutes after the condensate begins to
run hot, then turn off burner.
Close all radiator valves. Remove all supply
main air valves and plug the openings in
supply main.
ii. Draw about 5 gallons of hot water from
boiler into a container and dissolve into it
the appropriate amount of a recommended
boilout compound. Remove safety valve
from boiler and pour this solution into
boiler, then reinstall safety valve.
iii. Turn on oil burner and keep operating while
feeding water to boiler slowly. This will
raise water level in boiler slowly so that
water will be boiling hot and will rise slowly
into supply main and back through return
main, flowing from drain hose at about
180°F. Continue until water runs clear from
drain hose for at least 30 minutes.
iv. Stop feeding water to boiler but continue
operating oil burner until excess water in
boiler flows out through supply main and
water lowers (by steaming) until it reaches
normal level in boiler. Turn off oil burner.
Drain boiler. Open all radiator valves.
Reinstall all supply main air valves. Open
gate valve in Hartford Loop.
v. When boiler has cooled down sufficiently
(crown sheet of sections are not too hot to
touch), close the drain valves at boiler and
in return main and feed water slowly up to
normal level in boiler. Turn on oil burner
and allow boiler to steam for 10 minutes,
then turn off burner. Draw off one quart of
water from bottom gauge glass fitting and
discard. Draw off another quart sample and
if this sample is not clear, repeat the cycle
of draining the boiler and return main and
refilling the boiler until sample is clear.
vi. If the boiler water becomes dirty again
at a later date due to additional sediment
loosened up in the piping, close gate valve
in Hartford Loop, open drain valve in
return main, turn on oil burner and allow
Condensate to flow to drain until it has run
clear for at least 30 minutes while feeding
water to boiler so as to maintain normal
water level. Turn off oil burner, drain boiler,
open gate valve in Hartford Loop, then
repeat Step 1 above.
e. Make pH or Alkalinity Test.
After boiler and system have been cleaned and
refilled as previously described, test the pH of
the water in the system. This can easily be done
by drawing a small sample of boiler water and
testing with hydrion paper which is used in the
same manner as litmus paper, except it gives
specific readings. A color chart on the side of
the small hydrion dispenser gives the reading in
pH. Hydrion paper is inexpensive and obtainable
from any chemical supply house or through your
local druggist. The pH should be higher than
7, but lower than 11. Add some of the washout
chemical (caustic soda), if necessary, to bring the
pH within the specified range.
f. Boiler is now ready to be put into service.
C. EXCESSIVE MAKE-UP WATER
IMPORTANT
IF, DURING NORMAL OPERATION, IT IS
NECESSARY TO ADD MORE WATER THAN
INDICATED BELOW, CONSULT A QUALIFIED
SERVICE TECHNICIAN TO CHECK YOUR
SYSTEM FOR LEAKS.
EXCESSIVE WATER ADDITION:
(Gallons / Month)
MST288: 6
MST396: 8
MST513: 9½
MST629: 11
A leaky system will increase the volume of make-up
water supplied to the boiler, which can significantly
shorten the life of the boiler. Entrained in make-up
water are dissolved minerals, salts and oxygen. When
the fresh, cool make-up water is heated in the boiler, the
minerals fall out as sediment, the salts coat the inside
of the boiler, and the oxygen escapes as a gas. The
accumulation of sediment eventually isolates the water
from contacting the cast iron. When this happens the
cast iron in that area gets extremely hot and eventually
cracks. The presence of free oxygen or chloride salts
in the boiler corrodes the cast iron from the inside.
More make-up water and higher concentrations of
contaminants damage the boiler sooner. Our warranty
does not cover oxygen corrosion and sedimentrelated damage. Clearly it is in everyone’s best
interest to prevent this type of failure. You can do your
part by ensuring that your system is leak-free.
D. ATTENTION TO BOILER WHILE NOT IN
OPERATION.
NOTICE
If boiler is not used during winter time, it must be
fully drained to prevent freeze damage.
1. Spray inside surfaces with light lubricating or
crankcase oil using gun with extended stem so as to
reach all corners.
2. With steam boilers, at end of season add sufficient
water to fill boiler to top of water column and leave
it that way until fall when water should be drained
again to proper level. If at this time boiler water is
dirty, drain water, flush out boiler, and refill with
clean water to prescribed water level.
3. Always keep the manual fuel supply valve shut off
if the burner is shut down for an extended period of
time.
4. To recondition the heating system in the fall season
after a prolonged shut down, follow the instructions
outlined in Section VIII, Paragraphs A through J.
WARNING
This boiler contains controls which may cause the
boiler to shut down and not restart without service.
If damage due to frozen pipes is a possibility, the
heating system should not be left unattended
in cold weather; or appropriate safeguards and
alarms should be installed on the heating system
to prevent damage if the boiler is inoperative.
47
Section X: BOILER Cleaning
WARNING
All boiler cleaning must be completed with burner service switch turned off. Boilers equipped with burner
swing door have a potential hazard which can cause severe property damage, personal injury or loss of life
if ignored. Before opening swing door, turn off service switch to boiler to prevent accidental firing of burner
outside the combustion chamber. Disconnect the burner plug from the receptacle in the front jacket. Be sure
to tighten swing door fastener completely when service is completed.
A. CLEAN THE FLUEWAYS (See Figure 27).
1. For access to the combustion chamber remove the
two (2) 3/8" - 16 cap screws. If boiler is equipped
with flexible fuel line(s), swing door open.
2. Remove the two smoke box clean-out covers from
the rear smoke box by removing the four 5/16"-18
hex head bolts. It is NOT necessary to remove the
vent connector from the smoke box to clean boiler.
If necessary, remove the vent connector if there is
evidence of heavy soot accumulation in the boiler
or to inspect base of chimney for condensate or
accumulation of debris.
3. Remove the baffles (if installed) from the flue
passages. There is a pair of baffles in each boiler.
The baffles are installed in the 2nd pass (two inner
flue ways) on the MST396, MST513 and MST629.
4. Clean the 3rd Pass – Insert a 2" dia. x 42" long
wire or fiber bristle brush into each of the two 3rd
passes. Using long strokes push the brush all the
way through the boiler until the brush has exited
the smoke box opening. Pull the brush all the way
forward until it has exited the front of the boiler.
Continue this operation for the entire height of the
flue way until clean. Repeat the operation for the
other 3rd pass flue way.
5. Clean the 2nd Pass - Insert a 2" dia. x 42" long wire
or fiber bristle brush into each of the two 2nd passes.
Using long strokes push the brush all the way
through the boiler until the brush hits the back wall
of the reversing chamber. Pull the brush all the way
forward until it has exited the front of the boiler.
Continue this operation for the entire height of the
flue way until clean. Repeat the operation for the
other 2nd pass flue way.
6. Vacuum the loose debris in the bottom of the
combustion chamber and smoke box.
B. Clean the Combustion Chamber
– Use a wire or fiber bristle brush to clean the surfaces
of the combustion chamber. Vacuum all of the loose
debris in the bottom of the combustion chamber.
48
C. AFTER CLEANING, vacuum all remaining debris
as necessary. Inspect burner swing door insulation, and
rope gasket for signs of damage. If damaged, replace as
needed.
D. REASSEMBLE BOILER.
CAUTION
Do not start the burner unless the burner swing
door and canopy cover plates are secured in
place.
1 Insert the baffles (if originally installed) into the
correct flue way. The baffles are installed in the 2nd
pass (two inner flue ways) on the MST396, MST513
and MST629.
2. Attach the smoke box clean-out covers onto the
rear of the boiler. Verify that the rope gasket is
in good working order before assembly. Replace
rope gasket if necessary. Use the 3/8" hardware
originally removed. Do not over tighten. They
should be snug but not bottomed out.
NOTICE
When securing burner swing door make sure door
is drawn-in equally on both sides.
Tighten swing door hardware to provide adequate
seal to rope gasket around perimeter of door.
Use an alternating tightening method from right side
to left side cap screw to pull door tight equally.
NOTICE
Do not overtighten. The rope gasket will provide
sufficient seal when the door is snugged into
place.
Figure 27: Cleaning Boiler Flueways and Combustion Chamber Surfaces
WARNING
The boiler must be connected to an approved chimney in good condition. Serious property damage could
result if the boiler is connected to a dirty or inadequate chimney. The interior of the chimney flue must be
inspected and cleaned before the start of the heating season and should be inspected periodically throughout
the heating season for any obstructions. A clean and unobstructed chimney flue is necessary to allow noxious
fumes that could cause injury or loss of life to vent safely and will contribute toward maintaining the boiler's
efficiency.
49
SECTION XI: TROUBLE SHOOTING
A. COMBUSTION
1. NOZZLES — Although the nozzle is a relatively
inexpensive device, its function is critical to the
successful operation of the oil burner. The selection
of the nozzle supplied with the MegaSteam™ boiler
is the result of extensive testing to obtain the best
flame shape and efficient combustion. Other brands
of the same spray angle and spray pattern may be
used but may not perform at the expected level of
CO2 and smoke. Nozzles are delicate and should be
protected from dirt and abuse. Nozzles are massproduced and can vary from sample to sample. For
all of those reasons a spare nozzle is a desirable item
for a serviceman to have.
2. FLAME SHAPE — Looking into the combustion
chamber through the observation port, the flame
should appear straight with no sparklers rolling up
toward the crown of the chamber. If the flame drags
to the right or left, sends sparklers upward or makes
wet spots on the chamber walls, the nozzle should
be replaced. If the condition persists look for fuel
leaks, air leaks, water or dirt in the fuel as described
above.
3. FUEL LEAKS — Any fuel leak between the
pump and the nozzle will be detrimental to good
combustion results. Look for wet surfaces in the air
tube, under the ignitor, and around the air inlet. Any
such leaks should be repaired as they may cause
erratic burning of the fuel and in the extreme case
may become a fire hazard.
4. AIR LEAKS — Any such leaks should be repaired,
as they may cause erratic burning of the fuel and in
extreme cases may become a fire hazard.
5. GASKET LEAKS — If 11.5 to 12.5% CO2 with a
#1 smoke cannot be obtained in the breeching, look
for air leaks around the burner mounting gasket,
observation door, and canopy gasket. Such air leaks
will cause a lower CO2 reading in the breeching. The
smaller the firing rate the greater effect an air leak
can have on CO2 readings.
6. DIRT — A fuel filter is a good investment.
Accidental accumulation of dirt in the fuel system
can clog the nozzle or nozzle strainer and produce a
poor spray pattern from the nozzle. The smaller the
firing rate, the smaller the slots become in the nozzle
and the more prone to plugging it becomes with the
same amount of dirt.
50
7. WATER — Water in the fuel in large amounts will
stall the fuel pump. Water in the fuel in smaller
amounts will cause excessive wear on the pump,
but more importantly water doesn’t burn. It chills
the flame and causes smoke and unburned fuel to
pass out of the combustion chamber and clog the
flueways of the boiler.
8. COLD OIL — If the oil temperature approaching
the fuel pump is 40°F or lower, poor combustion or
delayed ignition may result. Cold oil is harder to
atomize at the nozzle. Thus, the spray droplets get
larger and the flame shape gets longer. An outside
fuel tank that is above grade or has fuel lines in a
shallow bury is a good candidate for cold oil. The
best solution is to bury the tank and lines deep
enough to keep the oil above 40°F.
9. HIGH ALTITUDE INSTALLATIONS — Air
openings must be increased at higher altitudes. Use
instruments and set for 11.5 to 12.5% CO2.
10.START-UP NOISE — Late ignition is the cause
of start-up noises. If it occurs recheck for electrode
settings, flame shape, air or water in the fuel lines.
11.SHUT DOWN NOISE — If the flame runs out of
air before it runs out of fuel, an after burn with noise
may occur. That may be the result of a faulty cut-off
valve in the fuel pump, or it may be air trapped in the
nozzle line. It may take several firing cycles for that
air to be fully vented through the nozzle. Water in the
fuel or poor flame shape can also cause shut down
noises.
NOTICE
CHECK TEST PROCEDURE. A very good test for
isolating fuel side problems is to disconnect the
fuel system and with a 24" length of tubing, fire
out of an auxiliary five gallon pail of clean, fresh,
warm #2 oil from another source. If the burner runs
successfully when drawing out of the auxiliary
pail then the problem is isolated to the fuel or fuel
lines being used on the jobsite.
B. OIL PRIMARY CONTROL
1. Burner (control) will not come on.
a. No power to control.
b. Control is in lockout or restricted mode. Press
reset button for one (1) second to exit lockout. If
control has recycled three times within the same
call for heat, it will enter into restricted mode.
To reset from restricted mode, refer to Section
VIII, Paragraph I, No. 2 for details.
c. CAD cell seeing light.
d. CAD assembly defective.
e. Control motor relay is stuck closed (see note
below).
2. Burner (control) will light, then shut down after a
short time, then restart after one (1) minute.
a. CAD cell is defective.
b. Air leaking into oil line causing flame out.
c. Defective nozzle causing flame to be erratic.
d. Excessive airflow or draft causing flame to leave
burner head.
e. Excessive back pressure causing flame to be
erratic.
Note: The Safety Monitoring Circuit (SMC) is designed to provide lockout in the event of a stuck or welded motor relay.
NOTICE
3. Control locks out after Trial For Ignition (TFI).
a. No oil to burner.
If flame is not established within 15 seconds
of oil valve actuation (known as Trial For
Ignition [TFI]) lockout will occur. Lockout is
indicated by a red LED solid-on located on the
oil primary control.
b. Shorted electrodes.
c. Nozzle clogged.
d. Airflow too high.
e. Ignitor module defective.
f. CAD cell defective.
g. Oil valve stuck open or closed.
Latch-up will occur if the control locks-out
three (3) times during a call for heat. This
is indicated by steady-on red and amber
LED's.
SECTION XII: Repair Parts
All MegaSteam™ Boiler Repair Parts may be obtained through your local U.S. Boiler Co., Inc. Wholesale Distributor. Should
you require assistance in locating a Wholesale Distributor in your area, or have questions regarding the availability of U.S. Boiler
Co., Inc. products or repair parts, please contact Burnham Customer Service at (717) 481-8400 or Fax (717) 481-8408.
51
52
Bare Boiler Assembly
Item
No.
Description
Part No.
MST288 MST396 MST513 MST629
1. BARE BOILER ASSEMBLY
1A
Front Section, Machined
100569-01
1
1
1
1
1B
Center Section, Machined
100571-01
1
1
2
3
1C1
Rear Section (Htr.), Steam, Machined
100573-01
1
1
1
1
1C2
Rear Section (Non-Htr.), Steam, Machined
100676-01
1
1
1
1
1D1
Slip Nipple, 22-B Steel
806600375
2
2
3
4
1D2
5" Cast Iron Slip Nipple
7066003
2
2
3
4
Upper Tie Rod, 3/8" -16 x 16" Lg.
80861075
1
1
---
---
Upper Tie Rod, 3/8" -16 x 21-1/2" Lg.
80861033
---
---
1
---
Upper Tie Rod, 3/8" -16 x 27-1/2" Lg.
80861014
---
---
---
1
Lower Tie Rod, 3/8" -16 x 15" Lg.
80861016
1
1
---
---
Lower Tie Rod, 3/8" -16 x 20-3/4" Lg.
80861012
---
---
1
---
Lower Tie Rod, 3/8" -16 x 27" Lg.
80861018
---
---
---
1
1G
3/8" Flat Washer, USS, Plain
80860600
4
4
4
4
1H
3/8" -16 Heavy Hex Nut, Plain
80860400
4
4
4
4
Spanner Bar w/Threaded Inserts,
1-1/4" x 1-1/2" x 20-3/8" Lg.
100012-02
2
2
---
---
Spanner Bar w/Threaded Inserts,
1-1/4" x 1-1/2" x 26-3/8" Lg.
100012-03
---
---
2
---
Spanner Bar w/Threaded Inserts,
1-1/4" x 1-1/2" x 32-3/8" Lg.
100012-04
---
---
---
2
1K
Carriage Bolt, 3/8" -16 x 1-1/4" Lg., Plated
100215-01
4
4
4
4
1L
Cap Screw, 5/16" -18 x 7/8" Lg., Plated
80861371
4
4
4
4
1M
Flat Washer, 5/16", USS, Plated
80860611
4
4
4
4
1N
Hex Nut, 5/16 -18, Serrated Flange, Plated
80860443
4
4
4
4
1P
Hinge Bracket
100014-01
1
1
1
1
1Q
5/16" -18 x 3/4" Lg. Cap Screw, Plated
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
1R
Cast Iron Burner Swing Door (Only)
1
1
1
1
1E
1F
1J
Hinge Bracket
Mount Burner
80861340
100071-01
53
54
Bare Boiler Assembly
Item
No.
Description
Part No.
MST288 MST396 MST513 MST629
1. BARE BOILER ASSEMBLY (Continued)
Burner Swing Door Insulation (Less Pockets)
100039-01
1
1
1
---
Burner Swing Door Insulation (With Pockets)
100039-02
---
---
---
1
1T
5/8" Dia. Rope Gasket - Burner Swing Door
100097-01
1
1
1
1
1U
1/8" Dia. Rope Gasket - Observation Port
100096-01
1
1
1
1
1V
Observation Port Cover
100074-01
1
1
1
1
1W
5/16" Flat Washer, SAE, Plated
80860647
2
2
2
2
1X
Socket Head Cap Screw, 5/16" x 5/8" Lg., Plated
100050-01
2
2
2
2
1Y
Tap Bolt, 3/8" -16 x 1-3/4" Lg., Plated
100102-01
2
2
2
2
1Z
5/16" Flat Washer, USS, Plated
80860611
2
2
2
2
1AA
Smokebox
100021-01
1
1
1
1
1BB
5/16" Flat Washer, USS, Plated
80860611
4
4
4
4
1CC
Cap Screw, 5/16" -18 x 3/4" Lg., Plated
80861340
4
4
4
4
1DD
1/4" NPT Pipe Plug, Square Head, Brass
806603542
1
1
1
1
1EE
Smokebox Collar
1FF
1S
6" Dia.
100093-01
1
1
1
---
7" Dia.
100094-01
---
---
---
1
5/16" Flat Washer, USS, Plated
80860611
2
2
2
2
1GG
Cap Screw, 5/16" -18 x 7/8" Lg., Plated
80861371
2
2
2
2
1HH
Cast Iron Clean-Cut Cover (only)
100104-01
2
2
2
2
1JJ
1/2" Dia. Rope Gasket - Clean-Cut Cover
100095-01
2
2
2
2
1KK
222A Heater Carton Assembly
6036036
1
1
1
1
1LL
Tapped Heater Cover Plate - Rear Heater
7036031
1
1
1
1
1MM
Heater Cover Plate Gasket
8036068
1
1
1
1
1NN
Cap Screw, 3/8" -16" x 7/8" Lg., Plated,
ASME Grade SA307B
80861337
6
6
6
6
1PP
5/16" Flat Washer, SAE, Plated
80860647
6
6
6
6
55
56
Jacket Assembly
Item
No.
Description
Part No.
MST288 MST396 MST513 MST629
2. JACKET ASSEMBLY
2A
Jacket Front Panel Assembly w/Insulation
100575-01
1
1
1
1
2B
Power Outlet Receptacle, w/Harness
100605-01
1
1
1
1
2C
#8 x 1/2" Type AB Truss Head w/Shoulder, Sheet Metal
Screw, Plated
100038-01
10
10
10
10
2D
Jacket Rear Panel Assembly w/Insulation
100578-01
1
1
1
1
2E
External Wiring Enclosure
100602-01
1
1
1
1
2F
Tap End Stud, 5/16" -18 x 3" Lg., Plain
100046-01
2
2
2
2
2G
5/8" O.D. x 2-5/32" Lg. Jacket Spacer
100035-01
2
2
2
2
2H
Acorn Nut, 5/16" -18, Plated
100047-01
2
2
2
2
100614-03
1
1
---
---
100614-04
---
---
1
---
100614-05
---
---
---
1
Jacket Left Side Panel - 3 Section
100581-03
1
1
---
---
Jacket Left Side Panel - 4 Section
100581-04
---
---
1
---
Jacket Left Side Panel - 5 Section
100581-05
---
---
---
1
Jacket Right Side Panel - 3 Section
100583-03
1
1
---
---
Jacket Right Side Panel - 4 Section
100583-04
---
---
1
---
Jacket Right Side Panel - 5 Section
100583-05
---
---
---
1
Jacket Top Panel - 3 Section
100585-03
1
1
---
---
Jacket Top Panel - 4 Section
100585-04
---
---
1
---
Jacket Top Panel - 5 Section
100585-05
---
---
---
1
2N
Beckett Burner Enclosure Backer Plate
60228001
1
1
1
1
2P
Beckett Burner Enclosure Cover
60228002
1
1
1
1
2Q
Knob, Dimco #2-116-335
80860955
4
4
4
4
2R
Sheet Metal Screw, Plated, Phillips Truss Head,
Type AB, #8 x 1/2" Lg.
80860000
2
2
2
2
2S
Sheet Metal Screw, Plated, Phillips Pan Head,
Type B, #8 x 1/2" Lg.
80860019
1
1
1
1
2J
2K
2L
2M
3" Thick Fiberglass Insulation Wrapper
57
58
MST288 Thru MST629 Steam Boilers - Trim and Controls
Item
No.
Description
Part No.
MST288 MST396 MST513 MST629
3. MST - TRIM AND CONTROLS
6" RC-STD Draft Regulator
8116288
1
1
1
---
7" RC-STD Draft Regulator
8116289
---
---
---
1
3B
Pressure Gauge
8056010
1
1
1
1
3C
Probe, Hydrolevel EL-1214 (for Hydrolevel CG450)
80160629
1
1
1
1
Low Water Cut-off, Hydrolevel CG450 (less Probe)
80160623
Low Water Cut-off, McDonnell & Miller PS-801
80160723
1
1
1
1
3E
Nipple, 3/4" NPT x 3" Lg.
806600002
1
1
1
1
3F
Elbow, 3/4" NPT x 90
806601502
1
1
1
1
3J
Syphon, 1/4" NPT x 1-7/8" x 4" x 90
806603010
1
1
1
1
3K
Pressure Limit, Honeywell L404F1367
80160369
1
1
1
1
3L
Safety Valve, 3/4" NPT, 15 PSI, Conbraco 13-511-08
81660530
1
1
1
1
3M
Gauge Glass Set, 6", Conbraco 20-104-10
8056091
1
1
1
1
3N
Low Water Cut-off, McDonnell & Miller 67
80160597
1
1
1
1
3P
Nipple, 1-1/2" NPT x 5" Lg.
808600060
1
1
1
1
3Q
Tee, 1-1/2' x 1-1/2" x 3/4"
806601105
1
1
1
1
3R
Drain Valve, 3/4" NPT, Conbraco 35-302-03
806603061
1
1
1
1
3S
Limit, Honeywell L4006A2015
80160400
1
1
1
1
3T
Well, 1/2" NPT x 3", Honeywell 123872A
80160497
1
1
1
1
3U
Oil Primary Control, Honeywell R7184P1064
80160848
1
1
1
1
3W
Stainless Steel 2nd Pass Blueway Baffle
100042-01
---
1
1
1
MST288 Spec. No. BCB7706
100625-01
1
---
---
---
MST396 Spec. No. BCB7703
100053-01
---
1
---
---
MST513 Spec. No. BCB7704
100054-01
---
---
1
---
MST629 Spec. No. BCB7705
100055-01
---
---
---
1
100640-01
1
1
1
1
3A
3D
Beckett AFG Oil Burner w/Gasket for:
3X
(NOTE: See Pages 60 and 61 for burner Parts Breakdown)
3Y
Fan Center, Honeywell R8285C w/Connectors
59
60
Beckett AFG Burner
BECKETT OIL BURNER PART NOS. FOR MegaSteam™ SERIES BOILERS
NOTE: When ordering parts always give the serial and model numbers shown on the boiler and burner. Also
provide the name of the part(s) and part number as listed below.
Boiler Model
MST288
MST396
MST513
MST629
AFG70MMAQN
AFG70MMAQN
AFG70MLASN
AFG70MKASN
BCB7706
BCB7703
BCB7704
BCB7705
Air Band
3492
3492
3492
3492
Air Band Nut
4150
4150
4150
4150
Air Band Screw
4198
4198
4198
4198
Air Shutter
3709
3709
3709
3709
Air Shutter Screw
4198
4198
4198
4198
Blower Wheel
2999
2999
2999
2999
Coupling
2454
2454
2454
2454
Air Tube Combination
Beckett's Spec. No.
Low Firing Rate Baffle
Less
Less
Less
Less
Bulkhead Knurled Locknut
3666
3666
3666
3666
Connector Tube Assembly
5636
5636
5636
5636
Electrode Clamp
149
149
149
149
Electrode Clamp Screw
4219
4219
4219
4219
Electrode Insulator Assembly
5780
5780
5780
5780
Support / Spacer Assembly
5992
5992
5992
5992
---
---
---
---
Adjusting Plate Assembly
5941
5941
5941
5941
Head
5913
5913
5913
5913
Head Screws
4221
4221
4221
4221
Escutcheon Plate
Flange Gasket
3811
3811
3811
3811
AFG Housing
5874GY
5874GY
5874GY
5874GY
21805E/218
21805E/218
21805E/218
21805E/218
213
213
213
213
NL70MD
NL70MD
NL70MD
NL70MD
Oil Pump, Clean Cut,
Single Stage
21844
21844
21844
21844
Oil Pump, Clean Cut,
Two-Stage
21941
21941
21941
21941
Static Plate
3383
3383
3383
3383
51771U
51771U
51771U
51771U
Ignitor Hinge Screw
42176
4217
4217
4217
Ignitor Holding Screw
4292
4292
4292
4292
Ignitor Gasket Kit
51304
51304
51304
51304
Wire Guard
10251
10251
10251
10251
Junction Box
3741
3741
3741
3741
Flame Detector
7006Q
7006Q
7006Q
7006Q
Oil Solenoid Valve Coil
21775U
21775U
21775U
21775U
Oil Solenoid Valve Cord
21807
21807
21807
21807
Motor
Nozzle Adapter
Nozzle Line
Electrode Assembly
Ignitor
61
62
0.75
1.05
1.35
1.65
MST288
MST396
MST513
MST629
V1 (3)
V1 (0)
L1
L1
Head
Type
(setting)
7
7
7
61
Air
Shutter
(setting)
2
2
1
1
Air
Band
(setting)
150
150
150
150
0.60 x 60A
Delavan
0.85 x 60B
Delavan
1.10 x 60B
Hago
1.35 x 60B
Hago
Nozzle
11.5
11.5
11.5
11.5
2nd
2nd
2nd
---
52
40
20
---
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.050
0.040
0.040
---
Approx.
Baffles
Baffles
Baffles
Stack Temp.
IN
OUT
IN
Approx.
Increase
Minimum Minimum Minimum
Pump
Shipped Baffle
Without
Breech
Breech Overfire
Pressure
CO2
Location
Baffles
Pressure Pressure Pressure
(psi)
(%)
(pass)
(F)2
("w.c.)3
("w.c.)3
("w.c.)3
0.030
0.030
0.020
0.010
Baffles
OUT
Minimum
Overfire
Pressure
("w.c.)3
2) The increased stack temperature with the baffles removed is an approximation, based on a constant supply temperature of 212°F and 11.5% CO2. Actual field conditions may be
different.
3) These values are minimum and could be as much as -.03" w.c., more without impacting performance. Pressures based on 11.5% CO2. Example: MST629 could have a breech pressure
of -.03" w.c. and an overfire pressure of .020" w.c.
4) Single stage fuel pump is standard, two stage fuel pump is optional. Burner manufacturer has preset single stage fuel pump to settings shown in table above.
Two stage fuel pump is factory set at 140 PSI and must be readjusted to settings shown above during burner start-up.
1) MST288 at 0.75 GPH firing rate utilizes a low fire baffle.
Notes
Burner
Input
(gph)
Boiler
Model
Table 8: BECKETT AFG Burner specifications
SERVICE RECORD
DATE
SERVICE PERFORMED
63
Limited Warranty
FOR RESIDENTIAL CAST IRON STEAM BOILERS
By this Warranty Statement the U.S. Boiler™ Company, Inc. of Lancaster,
Pennsylvania issues limited warranties subject to the terms and conditions
stated below. These limited warranties apply to residential cast iron boilers
labeled Independence®, Independence® PV, V8H™ and MegaSteam™ Series,
these warranties are issued only to the original homeowner at the original
place of installation.
FIRST YEAR - LIMITED WARRANTY FOR
RESIDENTIAL CAST IRON STEAM BOILERS
U.S. Boiler Company, Inc. warrants its residential cast iron steam boilers
labeled Independence, Independence PV, V8H and MegaSteam Series to be
free of defects in material and workmanship when shipped and to remain free
of such defects under normal usage for a period of one year from the date of
original installation. In the event that any part of such a steam boiler is found
to be defective in material or workmanship during the one-year period, then
U.S. Boiler Company, Inc. will repair or replace, at its option, the defective
part.
SECOND THROUGH 10 YEAR - LIMITED
WARRANTY FOR THE CAST IRON SECTION
ASSEMBLY OF RESIDENTIAL CAST IRON STEAM BOILERS
U.S. Boiler Company, Inc. warrants the cast iron section assembly of its
residential cast iron steam boilers labeled Independence, Independence PV,
V8H and MegaSteam Series, to be free of defects in material and
workmanship when shipped and to remain free of such defects under normal
usage for a period of 10 years from the date of original boiler installation.
In the event that such cast iron section assembly is found to be defective in
material or workmanship during this period, U.S. Boiler Company, Inc. will
repair or replace, at its option, the defective cast iron section assembly.
FIRST THROUGH 5 YEAR - LIMITED WARRANTY AGAINST
WATERSIDE CORROSION IN THE MEGASTEAM SERIES
U.S. Boiler Company, Inc. warrants the cast iron sections of the MegaSteam
boiler to resist TEMPERATURE INDUCED CHLORIDE ACTIVATED
GRAPHITIC CORROSION for a period of ve years from the date of original
installation. In the event that any cast iron section of a MegaSteam boiler fails
due to this corrosion mechanism during this period, U.S. Boiler Company, Inc.
will repair or replace, at its option, the failed cast iron section assembly.
LIFETIME NIPPLE LEAKAGE WARRANTY
U.S. Boiler Company, Inc. warrants the cast iron and steel nipples that join the
sections to be free from defects in material and workmanship for the lifetime
of the original owner at the time of installation. In the event that such nipples
are found to be defective in material or workmanship during this period, U.S.
Boiler Company, Inc. will repair or replace at its option, the cast iron section
assembly.
ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS
1. This warranty does not cover expenses for removal or reinstallation. The
homeowner will be responsible for the cost of removing and reinstalling
the defective part or its replacement and all labor and material connected
therewith. Replacement material will be invoiced to the distributor in the
usual manner and will be subject to adjustment upon proof of defect.
2. This warranty, in no way, can be considered as a guarantee of
workmanship of an installer connected with the installation of the U.S.
Boiler Company, Inc. boiler or as imposing on U.S. Boiler Company, Inc.
liability of any nature for unsatisfactory performance as a result of faulty
workmanship in the installation, which liability is expressly disclaimed.
3. This warranty will not be applicable if the boiler is used or operated
over its rated capacity; or installed for uses other than home heating;
or is not maintained in accordance with U.S. Boiler Company, Inc.
recommendation or accepted good practice as determined by hydronics
industry standards.
4. This warranty will not be applicable if the boiler has been damaged as a
result of being improperly serviced or operated, including but not limited
to the following: operated with insufcient water, allowed to freeze; subject
to ood conditions; or operated with water conditions and/or fuels or
additives which cause unusual deposits or corrosion in or on the heat
exchanger.
5. This warranty applies only to boilers installed within the United States, and
Canada.
6. In order for this warranty to be effective:
a.) The boiler must have been properly installed in a single or two-family
residential dwelling. This warranty does not apply to boilers installed in
apartments or to commercial or industrial installation.
b.) The boiler must have been assembled in strict compliance with
installation instructions furnished with the boiler by U.S. Boiler Company, Inc.
c.) Boiler components must not have been damaged in handling during
shipment or installation.
7. The foregoing provisions of this warranty shall be effective to the maximum
extent permitted by applicable law, and, to the extent that any such
provision would otherwise be inconsistent with applicable law, such
provision shall be limited in effect to the minimum extent necessary to avoid
such unconscionable result or inconsistency with applicable law.
8. The remedy for breach of this warranty is expressly limited to the repair or
replacement of any part found to be defective under conditions of normal
use; and the remedy for breach of this warranty or for negligence does not
extend to liability for incidental, special or consequential damages or losses
such as loss of the use of the materials, inconvenience or loss of
time. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply
to you.
9. This warranty is in lieu of all others, and any and all express or implied
warranties (including, without limitation, any implied warranties of
merchantability or  tness for a particular purpose) are expressly limited in
duration to the period of the warranty as previously stated herein. Some
states do not allow limitation on how long an implied warranty lasts, so
the above limitation may not apply to you.
10.Not withstanding any of the above provisions, U.S. Boiler Company, Inc.
liability under this warranty shall not exceed the selling price of the
product found to be defective.
PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE
In order to assure prompt warranty service the homeowner is requested
to complete and mail the attached Warranty Card within ten days after the
installation of the boiler, although failure to comply with this request will not
void the homeowner’s rights under this warranty.
Upon discovery of a condition believed to be related to a defect in material
or workmanship covered by this warranty statement, the homeowner should
notify the installer who will in turn notify the distributor. If this action is not
possible or does not produce a prompt response, the homeowner should write
to U.S. Boiler Company, Inc., at P.O. Box 3079, Lancaster, PA 17604 giving full
particulars in support of the claim.
The homeowner is required to make available for inspection by U.S. Boiler
Company, Inc. or its representative the parts claimed to be defective and, if
requested by U.S. Boiler Company, Inc., to ship said parts prepaid to Burnham
Hydronics at the above address for inspection or repair. In addition, the
homeowner agrees to make all reasonable efforts to settle any disagreement
arising in connection with his claim before resorting to legal remedies in the
courts.
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS AND YOU MAY
ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
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