Bush Hog RTS Tiller User Manual

BUSH HOG
®
Model RTS
Rotary Tiller
Operator’s Manual
ASSEMBLY l OPERATION l MAINTENANCE
707
$4.00
81451
CONGRATULATIONS!
You have invested in the best implement of its type on the market today.
The care you give your Bush Hog implement will greatly determine your satisfaction
with its performance and its service life. We urge a careful study of this manual to provide
you with a thorough understanding of your new implement before operating, as well as
suggestions for operation and maintenance.
If your manual should become lost or destroyed, Bush Hog will be glad to provide you with
a new copy. Order from Bush Hog, P. O. Box 1039, Selma, Alabama 36702-1039. Most
of our manuals can also be downloaded from our website at www.bushhog.com.
As an authorized Bush Hog dealer, we stock genuine Bush Hog parts which are
manufactured with the same precision and skill as our original equipment. Our trained
service personnel are well informed on methods required to service Bush Hog equipment,
and are ready and able to help you.
Should you require additional information or assistance, please contact us.
YOUR AUTHORIZED
BUSH HOG DEALER
BECAUSE BUSH HOG MAINTAINS AN ONGOING
PROGRAM OF PRODUCT IMPROVEMENT, WE
RESERVE THE RIGHT TO MAKE IMPROVEMENTS IN
DESIGN OR CHANGES IN SPECIFICATIONS WITHOUT INCURRING ANY OBLIGATION TO INSTALL
THEM ON UNITS PREVIOUSLY SOLD.
BECAUSE OF THE POSSIBILITY THAT SOME
PHOTOGRAPHS IN THIS MANUAL WERE TAKEN OF
PROTOTYPE MODELS, PRODUCTION MODELS MAY
VARY IN SOME DETAIL. IN ADDITION, SOME
PHOTOGRAPHS MAY SHOW SHIELDS REMOVED
FOR PURPOSES OF CLARITY. NEVER OPERATE
THIS IMPLEMENT WITHOUT ALL SHIELDS IN PLACE.
1
RTS ROTARY TILLER
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
I
II
PAGE
SECTION
Warranty -------------------------------------------------3
IV MAINTENANCE--------------------------------------10
Dealer Preparation Check List ---------------------4
4-1 Maintenance Check List ----------------------10
Safety Precautions ------------------------------------5
4-2 Lubrication----------------------------------------11
INTRODUCTION & DESCRIPTION----------------------6
4-3 Blade Replacement ----------------------------12
1-1 Introduction---------------------------------------------------6
4-4 Bolt Replacement-------------------------------12
1-2 Description ---------------------------------------------------6
4-5 Slip Clutch Operational Check --------------12
PREPARATION FOR USE----------------------------------7
4-6 Slip Clutch Adjustment ------------------------12
2-1 Attaching To Tractor---------------------------------------7
4-7 Troubleshooting---------------------------------13
2-2 Offsetting Tiller ----------------------------------------------8
III
PAGE
V
DEALER ASSEMBLY ------------------------------13
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ----------------------------9
Safety Deals ------------------------------------------15
3-1 General Safety----------------------------------------------9
Torque Specifications-------------------------------16
3-2 Adjusting For Work ----------------------------------------9
Federal Laws & Regulations ----------------------17
3-3 Operation ---------------------------------------------------10
3-4 Transporting------------------------------------------------10
RETAIL CUSTOMER’S RESPONSIBILITY
UNDER THE BUSH HOG WARRANTY
It is the Retail Customer and/or Operator’s responsibility to read the Operator’s Manual, to operate,
lubricate, maintain and store the product in accordance with all instructions and safety procedures.
Failure of the operator to read the Operator’s Manual is a misuse of this equipment.
It is the Retail Customer and/or Operator’s responsibility to inspect the product and to have any part(s)
repaired or replaced when continued operation would cause damage or excessive wear to other parts
or cause a safety hazard.
It is the Retail Customer’s responsibility to deliver the product to the authorized Bush Hog Dealer, from
whom he purchased it, for service or replacement of defective parts which are covered by warranty.
Repairs to be submitted for warranty consideration must be made within forty-five (45) days of failure.
It is the Retail Customer’s responsibility for any cost incurred by the Dealer for traveling to or hauling
of the product for the purpose of performing a warranty obligation or inspection.
2
LIMITED WARRANTY
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Bush Hog warrants to the original purchaser of any new Bush Hog equipment, purchased from an
authorized Bush Hog dealer, that the equipment be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period
of one (1) year for non-commercial, state, and municipalities’ use and ninety (90) days for commercial use from
date of retail sale. The obligation of Bush Hog to the purchaser under this warranty is limited to the repair or
replacement of defective parts.
Replacement or repair parts installed in the equipment covered by this limited warranty are warranted
for ninety (90) days from the date of purchase of such part or to the expiration of the applicable new equipment warranty period, whichever occurs later. Warranted parts shall be provided at no cost to the user at an
authorized Bush Hog dealer during regular working hours. Bush Hog reserves the right to inspect any equipment or parts which are claimed to have been defective in material or workmanship.
DISCLAIMER OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES & CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
Bush Hog’s obligation under this limited warranty, to the extent allowed by law, is in lieu of all warranties, implied or expressed, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE and any liability for incidental and consequential damages with respect to
the sale or use of the items warranted. Such incidental and consequential damages shall include but not be
limited to: transportation charges other than normal freight charges; cost of installation other than cost
approved by Bush Hog; duty; taxes; charges for normal service or adjustment; loss of crops or any other loss of
income; rental of substitute equipment, expenses due to loss, damage, detention or delay in the delivery of
equipment or parts resulting from acts beyond the control of Bush Hog.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY SHALL NOT APPLY:
1. To vendor items which carry their own warranties, such as engines, tires, and tubes.
2. If the unit has been subjected to misapplication, abuse, misuse, negligence, fire or other accident.
3. If parts not made or supplied by Bush Hog have been used in connection with the unit, if, in the sole judgement of Bush Hog such use affects its performance, stability or reliability.
4. If the unit has been altered or repaired outside of an authorized Bush Hog dealership in a manner
which, in the sole judgement of Bush Hog, affects its performance, stability or reliability.
5. To normal maintenance service and normal replacement items such as gearbox lubricant, hydraulic fluid,
worn blades, or to normal deterioration of such things as belts and exterior finish due to use or
exposure.
6. To expendable or wear items such as teeth, chains, sprockets, belts, springs and any other items that in the
company’s sole judgement is a wear item.
NO EMPLOYEE OR REPRESENTATIVE OF BUSH HOG IS AUTHORIZED TO CHANGE THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IN ANY WAY OR GRANT ANY OTHER WARRANTY UNLESS SUCH CHANGE IS MADE
IN WRITING AND SIGNED BY BUSH HOG’S SERVICE MANAGER, POST OFFICE BOX 1039, SELMA,
ALABAMA 36702-1039.
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Record the model number, serial number and date
purchased. This information will be helpful to your
dealer if parts or service are required.
MODEL NUMBER
SERIAL NUMBER
MAKE CERTAIN THE WARRANTY REGISTRATION
CARD HAS BEEN FILED WITH BUSH HOG/
SELMA, ALABAMA
DATE OF RETAIL SALE
3
DEALER PREPARATION CHECK LIST
ROTARY TILLERS
BEFORE DELIVERING MACHINE — The following check list should be completed.
Use the Operator’s Manual as a guide.
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
1.
Assembly completed.
2.
Gearboxes filled with oil.
3.
All fittings lubricated.
4.
All shields in place and in good condition.
5.
All fasteners torqued to specifications given in Torque Chart.
6.
Slip clutch checked for proper operation.
7.
All decals in place and readable. (See decal page.)
8.
Overall condition good (i.e. paint, welds)
9.
Operators manual has been delivered to owner and he has been instructed
on the safe and proper use of the cutter.
Dealer’s Signature
Purchaser’s Signature
THIS CHECKLIST TO REMAIN IN OWNER’S MANUAL
It is the responsibility of the dealer to complete the procedures listed
above before delivery of this implement to the customer.
4
IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
This symbol is used to call attention to safety precautions that should be followed by
the operator to avoid accidents. When you
see this symbol, carefully read the message
that follows and heed its advice. Failure to
comply with safety precautions could result
in serious bodily injury.
In addition to the design and configuration of equipment, hazard control and accident prevention are dependent upon the awareness, concern, prudence and proper training of personnel in the operation, transport,
maintenance and storage of equipment. Lack of attention to safety can result in accident, personal injury,
reduction of efficiency and worst of all—loss of life. Watch for safety hazards and correct deficiencies
promptly. Use the following safety precautions as a general guide to safe operations when using this
machine. Additional safety precautions are used throughout this manual for specific operating and mainte
nance procedures. Read this manual and review the safety precautions often until you know the limitations.
1.
Read the Operator’s Manual. Failure to read the Operator’s Manual is considered a misuse of this
equipment.
2.
Become familiar with all the machine’s controls and all the caution, warning and danger decals
affixed to the machine before attempting to start or operate.
3.
Before starting or operating the machine, make a walk around inspection and check for obvious
defects such as loose mounting bolts and damaged components. Correct any deficiency before
starting.
4.
Do not allow children to operate the implement. Do not allow adults to operate it without proper
instruction.
5.
Do not carry passengers.
6.
Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly small children and pets. The operator
should cease operation whenever anyone comes within the area.
7.
Clear the work area of objects which might be picked up and thrown.
8.
Do not operate without all guards and shields in place and in good condition.
9.
Lower implement to ground, stop tractor engine and apply parking brake before leaving the tractor.
10. Keep hands and feet away from implement.
11. Wear personal protective equipment such as, but not limited to, protection for eyes, ears, feet,
hands and head when operating or repairing the equipment. Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry
that may catch on equipment moving parts.
12. When performing adjustments or maintenance on the implement, first lower it to the ground or block
it securely at a workable height.
13. Never stand between tractor and implement while tractor is being backed to the hitch.
14. Reduce speed when transporting implement to avoid bouncing and momentary loss of steering.
15. Use tractor flashing warning lights, day or night, when transporting implement on road or highways
unless prohibited by law.
16. Use a rollover protective structure and seat belt equipped tractor for all implement operations.
5
SECTION I
INTRODUCTION AND DESCRIPTION
Drivetrain consists of a triangular, telescoping input
driveshaft, 90 degree transfer gearbox, hexagon
cross-shaft and a chain driven rotor. Protection is
provided by an in-line shear bolt or slip clutch on the
driveline. The chain is self-adjusted by a spring tension device. Major components of the tiller are identified in Figure 1-1 and specifications are given in
Table 1-1.
1-2 INTRODUCTION
We are pleased to have you as a Bush Hog customer. Your Rotary Tiller has been carefully
designed to give maximum service with minimum
down time. This manual is provided to give you necessary operating and maintenance instructions for
keeping your rotary tiller in top operating condition.
Please read this manual thoroughly. Understand
what each control is for and how to use it. Observe
all safety precautions decaled on the machine and
noted throughout the manual for safe operation of
implement. If any assistance or additional information is needed,contact your authorized Bush Hog
dealer.
NOTE
All references made to right, left, front, rear, top or
bottom is as viewed facing the direction of forward
travel with implement properly attached to tractor.
Table 1-1 Technical Specifications
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
RTS40 RTS50 RTS62 RTS74
Tilling width (inches)
38
50
62
74
Overall width (inches)
44
56
68
80
Max. offset (inches)
6
12
12
18-1/4
Blades per flange
4
4
4
4
No. of flanges
6
8
10
12
Hitch
3-point Cat I only
PTO speed (rpm)
540
Rotor speed (rpm)
246
Max. recommended HP
50
Max till depth (inches)
4 (one pass)
Gearbox oil capacity
27n ozs.
Weight (lbs.)
366
418
470
525
Driveline protection
Shear bolt or slip clutch
1-2 DESCRIPTION
The RTS series of rotary tillers are intended for light
duty use in an environment relatively clean of foreign objects such as large rocks, roots, etc. Each
tiller is equipped with adjustable skid shoes and rear
deflector shield for setting the desired operating
depth and tilth of soil. Movable hitch lugs and gearbox allow the tiller to be offset for covering tire
tracks, working close to fences, etc. Because the
gearbox is movable, the driveline angle does not
change when tiller is offset.
Figure 1-1 Major Components
Chain Retainer
Cross-Shaft Shield
Mast
Gearbox (Behind Mast)
Chain Drive Cover
Rear Deflector
Driveline
Hitch
Pin
Blades
Adjustable Skid
Parking Stand
6
SECTION II
PREPARATION FOR USE
NOTE
If driveline is correct length, omit the following steps “G” through “J” and proceed to
step “K”.
G. Clamp driveline in a padded vice to
prevent damage to shield. Cut of shield
where marked. (Figure 2-3)
2-1 ATTACHING TO TRACTOR
WARNING
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH:
NEVER STAND BETWEEN TRACTOR
AND TILLER WHILE TRACTOR IS BEING
BACKED TO HITCH.
WARNING
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH:
ADDITIONAL TRACTOR FRONT BALLAST MAY BE NEEDED FOR STABLE
OPERATION AND TRANSPORT OF THE
TILLER. SEE TRACTOR OPERATOR’S
MANUAL FOR RECOMMENDED WEIGHTS.
Figure 2-1
A. Attach tiller to tractor 3-point hitch per tractor
operator’s manual. Do not attach driveline at this
time.
NOTE
Due to the many variations in tractor/implement hitch
points and corresponding differences in distances
between tractor PTO shafts and implement input
shafts, drivelines may need to be shortened as
described in the following steps:
B. Raise and lower tiller to determine position
with shortest distance between the tractor PTO shaft
and gearbox input shaft. Shut down tractor, leaving
tiller in position of shortest distance. Securely block
tiller in position.
C. Pull driveline apart. Attach outer (female) section to tractor PTO shaft. Pull on driveline section to
be sure that yoke locks into place.
D. Hold driveline sections parallel to each other
to determine if it is too long. Each section should end
approximately 3 inches (76mm) short of reaching
universal joint shield on opposite section. If too long,
measure 3 inches back from universal joint shield
and mark on opposite section. (Figure 2-1). Do this
for both sections.
E. Raise and lower tiller to determine position
with greatest distance between PTO shaft and gearbox input shaft. Shut down tractor leaving tiller in
position of greatest distance. Securely block tiller
in position.
F. Hold driveline sections parallel to each other
and check for minimum 6 inches (15cm) overlap.
(Figure 2-2) If driveline has been marked for cutting,
overlap will be the distance between two marks. If
driveline has less than minimum overlap, do not use.
Contact authorized Bush Hog dealer.
Figure 2-2
Minimum Overlap
Figure 2-3
7
H. Using cut off section of shield as a guide, cut
shaft the same amount. (Figure 2-4)
2-2 OFFSETTING TILLER
Figure 2-4
The tillers may be offset to the right up to 6 inches on
Model RTS40, 12 inches on Models RTS50 and
RTS60, and 18-1/4 inches on Model RTS74. Adjust as
follows:
A. Loosen U-bolts securing hitch lugs and gearbox
stand to tiller frame.
B. Slide hitch lugs and gearbox to desired position
maintaining the distance shown in Figure 2-6. An additional 4-1/2 inches of offset can be obtained on the
RTS40 and RTS50 by reversing hitch lugs as shown in
Figure 2-7.
C. Tighten U-bolts.
I. Repeat steps “G” and “H” to other driveline
section.
J. Deburr ends of driveline sections and clean
away all chips and fillings. (Figure 2-5)
Figure 2-6 Hitch Lug Dimension
Figure 2-5
Clamp
Bolts
Frame
Gearbox
Input Shaft
Hitch Pin
Brackets
26-7/8”
Figure 2-7 Alternate Hitch Lug Mounting
K. Apply multi-purpose grease to inside of outer
(female) driveline section. Assemble driveline and
install on tractor and tiller. Pull on each driveline
section to be sure yokes lock into place. Make certain driveline shielding is in place and in good condition.
L. Adjust lower lift arm to level tiller right to left.
Refer to tractor operator’s manual for instructions.
M. Adjust top link of tractor 3-point hitch to level
tiller front to rear.
N. Set up tractor stabilizer bars, sway blocks, or
equivalent to prevent implement side sway.
26-7/8”
8
SECTION III
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Depth of till is regulated by moving adjusting bolt
and adjusting skids up or down. (Figure 3-1) The
holes in the adjusting plate are in 1 inch increments
with the bottom hole being a 4 inch tilling depth.
Average soil with reasonable moisture will allow
depth of 4 inches in one pass with a tractor forward
speed of 2 mph. Heavy or packed soil may require
two passes to reach 4 inch depth. Using multiple
passes, a maximum depth of 7 inches may be
obtained.
3-1 GENERAL SAFETY
Only qualified people familiar with this operator’s
manual should operate this machine. Operator
should wear hard hat, safety glasses, and safety
shoes. The operator should read, understand and
practice all safety messages shown on the caution,
warning, and danger decals affixed to the tiller to
avoid serious injury or death. Use a rollover protective structure and seatbelt equipped tractor for all
operations. Before beginning operation, clear work
area of objects that may be picked up and thrown or
wrapped in tiller blades. Check for ditches, stumps,
holes, or other obstacles that could upset tractor or
damage tiller. Always turn off tractor engine, set parking brake, and allow rotor to come to a complete stop
before dismounting tractor.
Tractor forward speed and rear shield adjustment
(Figure 3-1) will regulate the finished results or tilth
of the soil. Traveling at the slowest forward speed
with the rear shield fully lowered will give finest possible finish. This shield adjustment is good for
mulching, mixing, and burying weeds, fertilizer, etc.
Tilled soil will become more coarse as forward
speed and shield height are increased. To leave
ground surface rough with larger clods and residue
exposed, work with shield fully raised. When working
in extremely rocky soil, It is recommended that
shield be in the raised position. A slip clutch available from your Bush Hog dealer is recommended for
extreme working environments.
3-2 ADJUSTING FOR WORK
WARNING
THE TILLER CAN FALL FROM HYDRAULIC
SYSTEM FAILURE. TO AVOID SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH, SECURELY SUPPORT
TILLER BEFORE WORKING UNDERNEATH.
Tiller may be offset as described in paragraph 2-2.
Figure 3-1
Skid Adjustment
1” 2” 3” 4”
9
3-3 OPERATION
E. Place tractor in gear and proceed forward.
Increase speed to 3/4 throttle. Lower tiller into soil.
Increase speed to 540 PTO rpm. Average soil with
reasonable moisture will allow travel speeds up to 2
mph. Hard soil will require low travel speed, less
than 1 mph to ensure smooth operation and maximum possible depth. Shallow weed cultivation will
allow speeds up to 3 mph. At the end of a pass lift
tiller clear of ground before making a turn. After
turning, proceed back across field, slowly lowering
the tiller into the soil. Do not turn with tiller in the
ground as this can damage tiller and tractor linkage. Never use reverse gear while tiller is lowered into ground. Avoid operating tiller in the
raised position.
A. Perform BEFORE EACH USE maintenance
listed in paragraph 4-1.
B. Adjust for work per paragraph 3-2.
C. Start tractor. Raise tiller off the ground.
D. With tractor at idle speed, engage PTO drive.
DANGER
STAY CLEAR OF ROTATING DRIVELINES.
DO NOT OPERATE WITHOUT DRIVELINE
SHIELDS IN PLACE AND IN GOOD CONDITION. FAILURE TO HEED THESE WARNINGS MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY
OR DEATH.
DANGER
3-4 TRANSPORTING
KEEP HANDS AND FEET FROM UNDER
MACHINE AT ALL TIMES. MAKE CERTAIN
EVERYONE IS CLEAR OF MACHINE
BEFORE OPERATING. FAILURE TO HEED
THESE WARNINGS MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
Do not engage PTO drive while transporting tiller.
Obey all state and local laws when transporting on
public roads. Always use flashing warning lights
unless prohibited by law.
SECTION IV
MAINTENANCE
4-1 MAINTENANCE CHECK LIST
6. Clean any debris from safety decals and check
for legibility. Replace any missing or illegible
decals. Read and heed safety messages.
Perform scheduled maintenance as outlined below.
Lower machine to ground, turn off tractor and set
parking brake before doing maintenance inspections
or work. Some checks may require raising machine
off ground and supporting with blocks. All bolts
should be torqued as recommended in TORQUE
SPECIFICATIONS, unless otherwise indicated.
7. Perform BEFORE EACH USE lubrication per
paragraph 4-2.
8. During operation, listen for abnormal sounds
which might indicate loose parts, damaged bearings, or other damage.
BEFORE EACH USE
1. Check tractor tire air pressure. Refer to tractor
operator’s manual.
WARNING
THE TILLER CAN FALL FROM HYDRAULIC
SYSTEM FAILURE. TO AVOID SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH, SECURELY SUPPORT
TILLER BEFORE WORKING UNDERNEATH.
WARNING
THE TILLER CAN FALL FROM HYDRAULIC
SYSTEM FAILURE. TO AVOID SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH, SECURELY SUPPORT
TILLER BEFORE WORKING UNDERNEATH.
AFTER EACH USE
1. Clean all debris from machine especially underside
of deck and affixed decals. Replace any missing or
illegible decals.
2. Check blades and rotor to be sure that no foreign
objects such as wire or steel strapping bands are
wrapped around them.
2. Inspect tiller for worn or damaged components.
Repair or replace before next use. Any replacement components installed during repair shall
include the components current safety decals
specified by the manufacturer to be affixed to the
component.
3. Check blade bolts for tightness. Tighten to
73 ft./lbs.
4. Inspect blades for wear. Replace if necessary.
5. Make certain driveline shields are in place and in
good repair.
3. Store in dry place.
10
4-2 LUBRICATION (Figure 4-1)
4. Input Gearbox - Add EP80W-90 gear oil, if necessary, to bring oil level to check plug. Gearbox
capacity is 27 ozs.
40 HOURS
NOTE
The multi-purpose grease referenced in this section
is an NLGI Grade 2 type grease.
5. Shearbolt Yoke - Apply multi-purpose grease to
grease fitting. This fitting must be kept lubricated
to prevent yoke from seizing.
BEFORE EACH USE
1. Driveline Universal Joints - Apply multi-purpose
grease with grease gun.
100 HOURS
2. Driveline Guard - Apply 2-3 shots of multi-purpose
grease with grease gun to plastic fitting.
6. Chain Drive - Remove chain drive shield and
clean out old grease. If chain has one link or
more of slack, have an authorized Bush Hog
dealer resize the chain. Pack bottom of shield
with multi-purpose grease to the line shown in
Figure 4-1. Reinstall shield using new gasket.
3. Driveline - Disconnect PTO driveline, pull the two
sections apart, apply thin coat of multi-purpose
grease to the outside of inner (male)
section.Reassemble sections and install.
Pull each section to be sure driveline and shields
are securely connected. Make certain PTO
shielding is in good condition.
Figure 4-1A Lubrication
NOTE: In some instances, sliding the yoke
shield back will be necessary to conveniently
lubricate the cross bearings.
Bondioli & Pavesi Driveline
(1) Before Each Use
(5) Before
Each Use
EG Driveline
(3) Before Each Use
(1) Before Each Use
(3) Before Each Use
(5) Before
Each Use
(2) Before Each Use
To remove yoke shield, depress the three tabs with a screwdriver
and slide cover back.
Binacchi Driveline
(2) Before Each Use
(2) Before Each Use
To remove yoke shield,turn
slotted head 90° with
screwdriver, remove turn
screw and slide cover back.
(5) Before
Each Use
(3) Before Each Use
(1) Before Each Use
(4) Before Each Use
To remove yoke shield, turn slotted head
180° with screwdriver, slide cover back.
Fill Line
(6)100 Hours
Vented Fill Plug
(Under Shield)
11
Drain Plug
Oil Level
Check Plug
Figure 4-2 Blade Wear
4-3 BLADE REPLACEMENT
WARNING
THE TILLER CAN FALL FROM HYDRAULIC
SYSTEM FAILURE. TO AVOID SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH, SECURELY SUPPORT
TILLER BEFORE WORKING UNDERNEATH.
Tiller blades should be replaced when they have
approximately 1/4” of wear left on tip of blade.
(Figure 4-2) To replace blades, remove bolts securing blade. Install new blade. Blade must be a right or
left corresponding to blade removed. Tighten blade
bolts to 73 ft./lbs. Use only genuine Bush Hog
replacement parts.
Figure 4-3 Shear Bolt
4-4 BOLT REPLACEMENT
A. Slide yoke shield back. (Figure 4-1)
B. Drive out sheared bolt with hammer and punch.
C. Align holes and install new shear bolt. Use only
genuine Bush Hog replacement shear bolt. (Figure 4-3)
D. Slide yoke shield securely in place.
4-5 SLIP CLUTCH OPERATIONAL CHECK
After tiller has been stored for an extended period of
time, perform the following operational check:
A. Loosen eight nuts retaining clutch springs exactly
one full turn.
B. With tiller blades firmly on ground and tractor at
idle speed, engage tractor PTO drive 2-3 seconds.
Clutch should slip without turning blades. If clutch does
not slip, contact your authorized Bush Hog dealer.
C. Retighten nuts to within 1/64” of original position.
Initial spring length is shown in Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4 Spring Length
Spring
Length
Bondioli & Pavesi
or
Binacchi
1.12”
(28.6 mm)
EG/Comer
1.25”
(31.8 mm)
CAUTION
FAILURE TO RETIGHTEN SPRING NUTS
TO ORIGINAL POSITION MAY CAUSE
DAMAGE TO TILLER AND/OR TRACTOR
DUE TO IMPROPER SLIP CLUTCH
TORQUE SETTING.
Figure 4-5 Slip Clutch Identification
Bondioli & Pavesi
or Binacchi
(Solid Casting)
4-6 SLIP CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT
The slip clutch is factory preset to the correct torque
for protecting implement and tractor. Periodic adjustment is recommended; refer to section 4-5. Should
adjustment be needed, first check to be sure all
spring lengths are within 1/64” of being the same.
Initial spring lengths are shown in figure 4-4. If necessary, loosen nut on any spring that is unequal. Adjust
all eight spring retaining nuts 2/3 of a turn (2 flats on a
nut) and check clutch slippage. If further adjustment is
necessary, do so in 1/3 turn increments or consult
your Bush Hog dealer. Adjust only to provide sufficient torque to prevent slippage under normal conditions. When rocks, roots, etc. are present, occasional
slippage is normal for drivetrain protection.
12
EG
(Holes Through Center)
4-7 TROUBLESHOOTING
ment parts are necessary, contact your authorized
Bush Hog dealer. Please have ready your machine
name, model number, serial number, purchase date,
and exact cause or description of problem.
Troubleshooting procedures are listed in Table 4-1
below. If the problem cannot be solved or replaceTable 4-1 Troubleshooting
PROBLEM
PROBABLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Uneven Till
Tiller not level right to left
Adjust skids for same depth
Adjust tractor lower lift arms
Noisy
Loose components
Low oil in gearbox
Check all bolts for tightness. Refer to Torque Specs
Check for proper oil level. Refer to Lubrication
Knocking or
Chattering
Tiller is tilted towards the rear
Adjust 3-point hitch top link to level tiller
Bogging
Tractor engine speed too slow
Ground speed too fast
Vines wrapped around rotor
Increase engine speed to 540 PTO rpm
Use lower tractor gear
Remove vines
Section
SECTION V
DEALER ASSEMBLY
WARNING
THE FOLLOWING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY UNDERSTOOD
BEFORE ATTEMPTING MACHINE ASSEMBLY.
1. Do not lift heavy parts or assemblies. Use crane, jack, tackle, for trucks or other mechanical devices.
2. Select an area for assembly that is clean and free of any debris which might cause persons working on the
assembly to trip.
3. Arrange parts to be assembled neatly in the work area and have tools or other mechanical assisting
devices in easy reach.
4. Inspect all parts and assemblies thoroughly and remove any sharp edges, grease, oil or dirt which might
cause pieces to slip when handling.
5. Preview the assembly instructions in your operator’s manual before proceeding further.
6. If the assembly instructions call for parts or assemblies to be blocked up, use only blocking material that is
in good condition and is capable of handling the weight of the assembly to be blocked. Also insure that the
blocking material is on a clean, dry surface.
7. Never put hands or any other part of body under blocked up assemblies if at all possible.
8. Always wear goggles or safety glasses when hammering, grinding or drilling metal parts.
9. If the assembly calls for welding or cutting, be sure that there are no flammable materials close at hand
and that bystanders have taken necessary precautions.
AFTER COMPLETING ANY ASSEMBLY STEP, THOROUGHLY READ THE NEXT STEP IN THE ASSEMBLY
INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THAT STEP.
10. After completing assembly, thoroughly inspect the machine to be sure that all nuts, bolts, hydraulic fittings
or any other fastened assemblies have been thoroughly tightened.
13
11. After completing assembly, be sure that all safety locking devices or guards are in place.
12. Before operating the machine, thoroughly read the operation section of this manual.
13. Before operating, read the maintenance section of this manual to be sure that any parts requiring
lubrication such as gearboxes are full to avoid any possible damage.
BEFORE OPERATING THE EQUIPMENT, IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING THE PROPER
ASSEMBLY OR OPERATION, CONTACT YOUR AUTHORIZED BUSH HOG DEALER OR REPRESENTATIVE.
using 3/8 x 1” bolt, flatwasher, lockwasher, and nut,
installing head of bolt to underside of shield. Install
opposite end of chain onto chain retainer, (Figure 31)
J. Attach right and left hitch lugs to tiller frame
using four 1/2 inch U-bolts, lockwashers and nuts.
Space hitch lugs to dimensions shown in Figure 5-2.
K. Install hitch pins onto lugs securing with two
7/8” lockwashers and nuts.
L. Install top link into mast.
A. Insert parking stand onto mounting bracket
and retain with pin. Fasten parking stand bracket to
tiller end plate using two 3/8 x 1” bolts, lockwashers
and nuts.
B. Attach PTO driveline to gearbox input shaft.
Make certain driveline yoke is securely locked into
position and driveline shields are in place and in
good condition.
C. Fasten left and right mast struts to angle
bracket using six 1/2 x 1-1/4” bolts, lockwashers and
nuts. (Figure 5-1)
D. Loosely install one 3/8 x 3” bolt, spacer bushing, lockwasher and nut between tops of mast struts.
E. Place rear access shield extensions into mating holes in rear of mast struts. Tighten the 3/8” bolt
to hold the shield in place.
F. Remove four bolts securing cross-shaft shield
to mounting brackets. Remove shield.
G. Fill gearbox to check plug with EP80W-90
gear oil.
H. Reinstall cross-shaft shield attaching chain
retainer to right end as shown n Figure 5-1.
I. Fasten one end of chain to rear deflector shield
IMPORTANT
Before delivery to customer, perform SLIP CLUTCH
OPERATIONAL CHECK as described in Section 4-5,
page 12.
NOTE
It is important that the customer receive this operator’s manual with his machine. Safe and satisfactory
performance of this machine depends on the operator knowing the correct operating and maintenance
procedures. The customer should be reminded to fill
out and mail in the warranty registration card within
ten days of purchase.
Figure 5-2 Hitch Lug Dimension
Figure 5-1 Exploded Assembly
Clamp
Bolts
Frame
Gearbox
Input Shaft
26-7/8”
Hitch Point
14
Hitch
Lugs
SAFETY DECALS
To promote safe operation, Bush Hog supplies safety decals on all products manufactured. Because damage
can occur to safety decals either through shipment, use or reconditioning, Bush Hog will, upon request, provide
safety decals for any of our products in the field at no charge. Contact your authorized Bush Hog dealer for
more information.
Part No. 78413
Part No. 81067
78608
Part No. 50042281
78686
15
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Proper toque for American fasteners used on Bush Hog equipment.
Recommended Torque in Foot Pounds (Newton Meters).*
AMERICAN
Bolt Head Markings
W RENCH
S IZ E (IN .) “ A ”
B O L T D IA M E T E R
(IN .) “ B ” A N D
T H R E A D S IZ E
SAE
GRADE 2
SAE
GRADE 5
SAE
GRADE 8
1/4 - 2O UNC
6 (7)
8 (11)
12 (16)
7/16
SAE Grade 2
(No Dashes)
SAE Grade 5
(3 Dashes)
lt
”
Bo er “B
t
e
m
Dia
Wrench
Size “A”
SAE Grade 8
(6 Dashes)
METRIC
7/16
1/4 - 28 UNF
6 (8)
10 (13)
14 (18)
1/2
5/16 - 18 UNC
11 (15)
17 (23)
25 (33)
1/2
5/16 - 24 UNF
13 (17)
19 (26)
27 (37)
9/16
3/8 - 16 UNC
20 (27)
31 (42)
44 (60)
9/16
3/8 - 24 UNF
23 (31)
35 (47)
49 (66)
5/8
7/16 - 14 UNC
32 (43)
49 (66)
70 (95)
5/8
7/16 - 20 UNF
36 (49)
55 (75)
78 (106)
3/4
1/2 - 13 UNC
49 (66)
76 (103)
106 (144)
3/4
1/2 - 20 UNF
55 (75)
85 (115)
120 (163)
7/8
9/16 - 12 UNC
70 (95)
109 (148)
153 (207)
7/8
9/16 - 18 UNF
79 (107)
122 (165)
172 (233)
15/16
5/8 - 11 UNC
97 (131)
150 (203)
212 (287)
15/16
5/8 - 18 UNF
110 (149)
170 (230)
240 (325)
1-1/8
3/4 - 10 UNC
144 (195)
266 (360)
376 (509)
1-1/8
3/4 - 16 UNF
192 (260)
297 (402)
420 (569)
606 (821)
1-5/16
7/8 - 9 UNC
166 (225)
430 (583)
1-5/16
7/8 - 14 UNF
184 (249)
474 (642)
668 (905)
1-1/2
1 - 8 UNC
250 (339)
644 (873)
909 (1232)
1-1/2
1 - 12 UNF
274 (371)
705 (955)
995 (1348)
1-1/2
1 - 14 UNF
280 (379)
721 (977)
1019 (1381)
1-11/16
1-1/8 - 7 UNC
354 (480)
795 (1077)
1288(1745)
1-11/16
1-1/8 - 12 UNF
397 (538)
890 (1206)
1444 (1957)
1-7/8
1-1/4 - 7 UNC
500 (678)
1120 (1518)
1817 (2462)
1-7/8
1-1/4 - 12 UNF
553 (749)
1241 (1682)
2013 (2728)
2-1/16
1-3/8 - 6 UNC
655 (887)
1470 (1992)
2382 (3228)
2-1/16
1-3/8 - 12 UNF
746 (1011)
1672 (2266)
2712 (3675)
2-1/4
1-1/2 - 6 UNC
870 (1179)
1950 (2642)
3161 (4283)
2-1/4
1-1/2 - 12 UNF
979 (1327)
2194 (2973)
3557 (4820)
”
lt
Bo er “B
et
m
ia
D
Wrench
Size “A”
8.8
Numbers appearing on bolt heads
indicate ASTM class.
*U se 7 5 % o f th e sp e cifie d to rq u e va lu e fo r
p la te d fa ste n e rs. U se 8 5 % o f th e sp e cifie d to rq u e va lu e s fo r lu b rica te d fa ste n e rs.
Proper torque for metric fasteners used on Bush Hog equipment.
Recommended torque in foot pounds (newton Meters).*
—WRENCH
SIZE
(mm) “A”
BOLT
DIA.
(mm) “B”
ASTM
4.6
8
5
1.8 (2.4)
5.1 (6.9)
6.5 (8.8)
10
6
3 (4)
8.7 (12)
11.1 (15)
27 (37)
ASTM
8.8
ASTM
9.8
ASTM
10.9
13
8
7.3 (10)
21.1 (29)
16
10
14.5 (20)
42 (57)
53 (72)
18
12
25 (34)
74 (100)
73 (99)
93 (126)
21
14
40 (54)
118 (160)
116 (157)
148 (201)
24
16
62 (84)
167 (226)
181 (245)
30
20
122 (165)
325 (440)
443 (600)
611 (828)
211 (286)
563 (763)
778 (1054)
821 (1112)
1138 (1542)
418 (566)
1119 (1516)
1547 (2096)
33
22
36
24
41
27
46
30
16
230 (312)
449 (608)
IMPORTANT FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS* CONCERNING
EMPLOYERS, EMPLOYEES AND OPERATIONS.
*(This section is intended to explain in broad terms the concept and effect of the following federal laws and
regulations. It is not intended as a legal interpretation of the laws and should not be considered as such).
U.S. Public Law 91-596 (The Williams-Steiger Occupational and Health Act of 1970) OSHA
This Act Seeks:
“...to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working
conditions and to preserve our human resources...”
DUTIES
Sec. 5 (a) Each employer—
(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment
which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause
death or serious physical harm to his employees;
(2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under
this Act.
(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards
and all rules, regulations and orders issued pursuant to this Act which are
applicable to his own actions and conduct.
OSHA Regulations
Current OSHA regulations state in part: “At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter, the
employer shall instruct every employee in the safe operation and servicing of all equipment with which the
employee is, or will be involved.” These will include (but are not limited to) instructions to:
Keep all guards in place when the machine is in operation;
Permit no riders on equipment;
Stop engine, disconnect the power source, and wait for all machine movement to stop before
servicing, adjusting, cleaning or unclogging the equipment, except where the machine must be
running to be properly serviced or maintained, in which case the employer shall instruct employees
as to all steps and procedures which are necessary to safely service or maintain the equipment.
Make sure everyone is clear of machinery before starting the engine, engaging power, or operating
the machine.
EMPLOYEE TRACTOR OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS:
1. Securely fasten your seat belt if the tractor has a
ROPS.
5. Watch where you are going, especially at row
ends, on roads, and around trees.
2. Where possible, avoid operating the tractor near
ditches, embankments, and holes.
6. Do not permit others to ride.
7. Operate the tractor smoothly - no jerky turns,
starts, or stops.
3. Reduce speed when turning, crossing slopes, and
on rough, slick, or muddy surfaces.
8. Hitch only to the drawbar and hitch points recommended by tractor manufacturers.
4. Stay off slopes too steep for safe operation.
9. When tractor is stopped, set brakes securely and
use park lock if available.
Child Labor Under 16 Years Old
Some regulations specify that no one under the age of 16 may operate power machinery. It is your
responsibility to know what these regulations are in your own area or situation. (Refer to U.S. Dept. of
Labor, Employment Standard Administration, Wage & Home Division, Child Labor Bulletin #102.)
17
P.O. Box 1039 l Selma, AL 36702-1039
Telephone (334) 874-2700 l www.bushhog.com