Cadillac 2007 Automobile User Manual

2007 Cadillac Escalade/Escalade ESV Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ....................... 7
Front Seats .............................................. 9
Rear Seats ............................................. 18
Safety Belts ............................................ 38
Child Restraints ...................................... 60
Airbag System ........................................ 89
Restraint System Check
....................... 106
Features and Controls .............................. 109
Keys ..................................................... 111
Doors and Locks .................................. 120
Windows ............................................... 131
Theft-Deterrent Systems
....................... 133
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ..... 137
Mirrors .................................................. 155
OnStar® System ................................... 163
Universal Home Remote System
.......... 165
Storage Areas
...................................... 170
Sunroof
................................................ 179
M
Instrument Panel .......................................
Instrument Panel Overview ...................
Climate Controls ...................................
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ..
Driver Information Center (DIC)
............
Audio System(s) ...................................
Driving Your Vehicle .................................
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
.....................................
Towing
.................................................
Service and Appearance Care ..................
Service .................................................
Fuel ......................................................
Checking Things Under the Hood .........
All-Wheel Drive .....................................
Rear Axle .............................................
Front Axle
............................................
Headlamp Aiming
.................................
181
184
212
220
239
265
317
318
372
389
392
395
400
438
439
440
441
1
Bulb Replacement
................................
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ...
Tires .....................................................
Appearance Care ..................................
Vehicle Identification .............................
Electrical System ..................................
Capacities and Specifications ................
2
445
448
450
492
502
502
512
Maintenance Schedule ..............................
Maintenance Schedule ..........................
Customer Assistance Information .............
Customer Assistance and Information ...
Reporting Safety Defects ......................
Index ..........................................................
513
514
535
536
552
555
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be
obtained from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath, and
the names ESCALADE and ESV are registered
trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from
beginning to end when they first receive their
new vehicle. If this is done, it can help you learn
about the features and controls for the vehicle.
Pictures and words work together in the owner
manual to explain things.
This manual includes the latest information at
the time it was printed. We reserve the right
to make changes after that time without notice.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute
the name “General Motors of Canada Limited”
for Cadillac Motor Car Division whenever it
appears in this manual.
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there
if it is ever needed while you are on the road. If
the vehicle is sold, leave the manual in the vehicle.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 15854796 A First Printing
©
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about
the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual.
It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual
and the page number where it can be found.
2005 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
3
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this
book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to
tell about things that could hurt you if you were
to ignore the warning.
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could
hurt you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard
is. Then we tell you what to do to help avoid
or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions.
If you do not, you or others could be hurt.
4
You will also find a
circle with a slash
through it in this book.
This safety symbol
means “Do Not,”
“Do Not do this” or
“Do Not let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown
along with the text describing the operation or
information relating to a specific component,
control, message, gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something
that could damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage
the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to
help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle.
They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of
a component, gage, or indicator, reference
the following topics:
• Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
• Features and Controls in Section 2
• Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
• Climate Controls in Section 3
• Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in
Section 3
• Audio System(s) in Section 3
• Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
6
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................9
Power Seats ..................................................9
Power Lumbar .............................................10
Heated Seats ...............................................11
Heated and Cooled Seats ............................12
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals ...............13
Power Reclining Seatbacks ..........................15
Head Restraints ...........................................17
Center Seat .................................................18
Rear Seats .....................................................18
Heated Seats ...............................................18
60/40 Split Bench Seat (Second Row) .........19
Bucket Seats (Second Row) .........................26
Third Row Seat ............................................33
Safety Belts ...................................................38
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ............38
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ..............................................42
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ..............43
Driver Position .............................................43
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment ..................50
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ...............51
Right Front Passenger Position ....................51
Center Front Passenger Position ..................52
Rear Seat Passengers .................................53
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides .................56
Safety Belt Pretensioners .............................59
Safety Belt Extender ....................................59
Child Restraints .............................................60
Older Children ..............................................60
Infants and Young Children ..........................63
Child Restraint Systems ...............................67
Where to Put the Restraint ...........................72
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) .....................................73
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ....................................82
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position ........................84
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ..........................85
7
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Airbag System ...............................................89
Where Are the Airbags? ...............................92
When Should an Airbag Inflate? ...................95
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ....................97
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ....................98
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates? ....................................................98
Passenger Sensing System ........................100
8
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .....104
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .........................105
Restraint System Check ..............................106
Checking the Restraint Systems .................106
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ..........................................107
Front Seats
Power Seats
The power seat controls are located on the
outboard side of the front seats.
• Move the seat forward or rearward by sliding
the control forward or rearward.
• Raise or lower the front part of the seat cushion
by moving the front of the control up or down.
• Raise or lower the rear part of the seat cushion
by moving the rear of the control up or down.
• Raise or lower the entire seat by moving the
entire control up or down.
The power reclining seatback control is located
behind the power seat control on the outboard
side of the seats. See Power Reclining Seatbacks
on page 15.
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control,
Power Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
Your vehicle has a memory function which allows
seat settings to be saved and recalled. See Memory
Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13.
9
Power Lumbar
• To raise the height of the support, press and
hold the top of the control.
• To lower the height of the support, press and
hold the bottom of the control.
Let go of the control when the lower seatback
reaches the desired level of support.
Your vehicle has a memory function which allows
seat settings to be saved and recalled. See Memory
Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13 for more
information.
Keep in mind that as your seating position changes,
as it may during long trips, so should the position of
your lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
The controls used to operate the power lumbar
feature are located on the outboard side of
the seats.
• To increase lumbar support, press and hold
the front of the control.
• To decrease lumbar support, press and hold
the rear of the control.
10
z (Heated Seat and Seatback): To heat the
Heated Seats
If the front seats have
the heated seat feature,
the buttons used to
control this feature are
located on the climate
control panel.
+ (Heated Seatback): To heat only the
seatback, press the top button with the heated
seatback symbol.
entire seat, press the bottom button with the
heated seat and seatback symbol.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press
the button to cycle through the temperature
settings of high, medium and low and to turn
the heated seat off. Indicator bars next to
the symbol designate the level of heat selected:
three for high, two for medium, and one for low.
The heated seats will be canceled ten seconds
after the ignition is turned off. If you want to
use the heated seat feature after you restart the
vehicle, you will need to press the appropriate
heated seat button again.
If your vehicle has heated and cooled seats,
see Heated and Cooled Seats on page 12.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press
the button to cycle through the temperature
settings of high, medium and low and to turn
the heated seatback off. Indicator bars next to
the symbol designate the level of heat selected:
three for high, two for medium, and one for low.
11
Heated and Cooled Seats
+ (Heated Seatback): To heat only the seatback,
press the button with the heated seatback symbol.
If the front seats
have the heated and
cooled seat feature,
the buttons used
to control this feature
are located on the
climate control panel.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings
of high, medium and low and to turn the heated
seatback off. Indicator bars next to the symbol
designate the level of heat selected: three for high,
two for medium, and one for low.
z (Heated Seat and Seatback): To heat the
entire seat, press the button with the heated seat
and seatback symbol.
{ (Cooled Seat): To cool the entire seat, press
the button with the cooled seat symbol.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press
the button to cycle through the temperature
settings of high, medium and low and to turn
the cooled seat off. Indicator bars next to
the symbol designate the level of cooling selected:
three for high, two for medium, and one for low.
12
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press
the button to cycle through the temperature
settings of high, medium and low and to turn
the heated seat off. Indicator bars next to
the symbol designate the level of heat selected:
three for high, two for medium, and one for low.
The heated and cooled seats will be canceled after
the ignition is turned off. If you want to use the
heated and cooled seat feature after you restart
your vehicle, you will need to press the appropriate
seat button again.
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals
Your vehicle has the memory package.
The controls for this
feature are located on
the driver’s door panel,
and are used to program
and recall memory
settings for the driver’s
seat, outside mirrors,
and the adjustable
throttle and brake
pedal feature if your
vehicle has it.
To save your positions in memory, do the following:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat, including the seatback
recliner and lumbar, both outside mirrors, and
the throttle and brake pedals to a comfortable
position.
See Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors on
page 160 and Adjustable Throttle and Brake
Pedal on page 141 for more information.
Some mirrors might not function with the
memory feature.
2. Press and hold button 1 until two beeps sound
through the driver’s front speaker to let you
know that the position has been stored.
A second seating, mirror, and throttle and brake
pedal position can be programmed by repeating
the above steps and pressing button 2.
To recall the memory positions, the vehicle must
be in PARK (P). Press and release either button 1
or button 2 corresponding to the desired driving
position. The seat, outside mirrors, and adjustable
throttle and brake pedals will move to the position
previously stored. You will hear a single beep.
13
If you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
enter your vehicle and the remote recall memory
feature is on, automatic seat, mirror, and adjustable
pedal movement will occur. See “MEMORY SEAT
RECALL” under DIC Vehicle Customization on
page 254 for more information.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at
any time, press one of the power seat controls,
memory buttons, power mirror buttons, or
adjustable pedal switch.
If something has blocked the driver’s seat and/or
the adjustable pedals while recalling a memory
position, the driver’s seat and/or the adjustable
pedals recall may stop working. If this happens,
press the appropriate control for the area that
is not recalling for two seconds, after the
obstruction is removed. Then try recalling the
memory position again by pressing the appropriate
memory button. If the memory position is still
not recalling, see your GM dealer for service.
Easy Exit Seat
The control for this feature is located on the
driver’s door panel between buttons 1 and 2.
With the vehicle in PARK (P), the exit position
can be recalled by pressing the exit button.
You will hear a single beep. The driver’s seat
will move back.
If the easy exit seat feature is on in the Driver
Information Center (DIC), automatic seat
movement will occur when the key is removed
from the ignition. See “EASY EXIT SEAT” under
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254 for
more information.
Further programming for the memory seat feature
can be done using the DIC. You can select or
not select the following:
• The automatic easy exit seat feature
• The remote memory seat recall feature
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 254.
14
Power Reclining Seatbacks
The controls for the power reclining seatback are
located on the outboard side of the front seats
behind the power seat control.
• To recline the seatback, tilt the top of the
control rearward.
• To bring the seatback forward, tilt the top
of the control forward.
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control,
Power Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
15
CAUTION:
(Continued)
The shoulder belt cannot do its job. In a
crash, you could go into it, receiving neck
or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either.
In a crash the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at your pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle
is in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear
your safety belt properly.
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your
vehicle is in motion can be dangerous.
Even if you buckle up, your safety belts
cannot do their job when you are reclined
like this.
CAUTION:
16
(Continued)
Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Your vehicle has a memory function which allows
seat settings to be saved and recalled. See
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13.
Head Restraints
Pull the head restraint
up to raise it. To lower
the head restraint,
press the release
button (A), located on
the top of the seatback,
while you push the
head restraint down.
The front seats may have head restraints that
also tilt forward and rearward.
Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the
restraint is at the same height as the top of
the occupant’s head. This position reduces the
chance of a neck injury in a crash.
To tilt the head restraint, grasp the top of the
restraint while pressing the button (B), located
on the right hand side of the head restraint, and
move it forward or rearward until the desired
locking position is reached. Try to move the head
restraint after the button is released to make
sure that it is locked in place.
The second row seats may have head restraints
that can be adjusted up and down, but they do
not tilt.
17
Center Seat
Your vehicle may have a front center seat. The
seatback doubles as an armrest and cupholder/
storage area for the driver and passenger when the
center seat is not used. Do not use it as a seating
position when the seatback is folded down.
Rear Seats
Heated Seats
The rear seats have
the heated seat feature,
the buttons used to
control this feature are
located on the Rear
Seat Audio (RSA) panel.
For information on safety belts for this position,
see Center Front Passenger Position on page 52.
Driver’s Side RSA
Heated Seat Button
Only shown
M (Heated Seat): To heat the seat cushion,
press the button with the heated seat symbol.
A heated seat symbol will be shown in the RSA
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings
of high, medium, and low, and to turn it off.
18
Indicator bars next to the symbol will designate
the level of heat selected: three for high,
two for medium, and one for low.
The heated seats will be canceled ten seconds
after the ignition is turned off. If the vehicle
is restarted, the heated seat button will need to
be pressed again to restart the feature.
60/40 Split Bench Seat
(Second Row)
Manual Fold and Tumble Feature
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in
front of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
If your vehicle has a 60/40 split bench, the seat(s)
can be folded for additional cargo space or
folded and tumbled for easy entry and exit to the
third row seats, if your vehicle has them. These
seats will have either the manual fold and tumble
feature or the automatic seat release fold and
tumble feature.
2. Lift the lever, located on the outboard side of
the seat, to release the seatback.
19
3. Lift the same lever
again to release
the rear of the
seat from the floor.
The seat will
tumble forward.
The seatback will fold forward automatically.
Leaving the seatback in this position creates
a flat load floor.
If the seatback cannot fold flat, try moving
the front seat forward and/or put the front
seatback in the upright position.
20
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed,
not properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that
the safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
3. Make sure the safety belt in the center
seating position is not caught between the
two seats and is not twisted.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
21
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s) from
the Third Row Seats
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third rows,
if your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under,
in front of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to
the seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
22
2. Lift the lever(s), located on the bottom rear
of the second row seat(s) on the inboard
side, to release the seatback. The seatback
will fold forward.
3. Lift the same lever again to release the
rear of the seat from the floor. The seat
will tumble forward automatically.
Automatic Release Fold and
Tumble Feature
2. From the front
seats, press one
of the automatic
seat release buttons
located on the
overhead console.
The transmission must be in PARK (P) for this
feature to work.
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
{CAUTION:
Automatically folding and tumbling the
seat when someone is sitting in the seat,
could cause injury to the person sitting
there. Always make sure there is no
one sitting in the seat before pressing
the automatic seat release button.
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under,
in front of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
Overhead Console
Buttons shown,
Panel Button similar
When accessing the third row seats, if your
vehicle has them, from the outside of the
vehicle, press the button on the panel behind
either rear door.
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
23
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
24
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed,
not properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that
the safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
3. Make sure that the safety belt in the center
seating position is not caught between the
two seats and is not twisted.
Folding and Tumbling the Second Row
Seat(s) from the Third Row Seats or
Outside
2. Press the automatic
seat release button
located on the
panel behind the
rear doors.
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third row
seats, if your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under,
in front of, or on the seat.
Driver’s Side Rear Panel
Button shown
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
25
Bucket Seats (Second Row)
Reclining Seatbacks
If your vehicle has bucket seats, the seatbacks
can be reclined, the seats can be folded for
additional cargo space, or folded and tumbled
for easy entry and exit to the third row seats,
if your vehicle has them. These seats will have
either the manual fold and tumble feature or
the automatic seat release fold and tumble feature.
To recline the seatback, do the following:
1. Lift the lever located on the outboard side
of the seat.
2. Move the seatback to the desired position,
then release the lever to lock the seatback
in place.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
26
To return the seatback to an upright position,
do the following:
1. Lift the lever fully without applying pressure
to the seatback and the seatback will return
to the upright position.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
Manual Fold and Tumble Feature
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in
front of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
2. Lift the lever, located on the outboard side of
the seat, to release the seatback.
27
3. Lift the lever again
to release the rear
of the seat from
the floor. The seat
will tumble forward.
The seatback will fold forward. Leaving the
seatback in this position creates a flat
load floor.
If the seatback cannot fold flat, try moving
the front seat forward and/or put the front
seatback in the upright position.
28
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
3
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s) from the
Third Row Seats
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third row
seats, if your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in
front of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
29
2. Lift the lever, located
on the bottom rear
of the second row
seat on the inboard
side, to release
the seatback.
The seatback will
fold forward.
Automatic Release Fold and Tumble
Feature
The transmission must be in PARK (P) for this
feature to work.
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
{CAUTION:
3. Lift the lever again to release the rear of
the seat from the floor. The seat will tumble
forward.
Automatically folding and tumbling the
seat when someone is sitting in the seat,
could cause injury to the person sitting
there. Always make sure there is no
one sitting in the seat before pressing
the automatic seat release button.
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in
front of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
30
2. From the front
seats, press one
of the automatic
seat release buttons
located on the
overhead console.
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
Overhead Console
Buttons shown
{CAUTION:
When accessing the third row seats, if your
vehicle has them, from the outside of the
vehicle, press the button on the panel behind
either rear door.
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
31
Folding and Tumbling the Second Row
Seat(s) from the Third Row Seats or
Outside
2. Press the automatic
seat release button
located on the
panel behind the
rear doors.
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third row
seats, if your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in
front of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
32
Driver’s Side Rear Panel
Button shown
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
Third Row Seat
If the vehicle has a third row seat, the seatback(s)
can be folded and the entire seat can be tumbled,
or removed from the vehicle.
Folding the Seatback(s)
3. Lift the release lever,
located on the bottom
rear of the seatback
on the outboard
side of the seat,
and the seatback
will fold forward.
To fold the seatback, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls
for the seat.
2. Remove all items on the seat cushion.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
33
Unfolding the Seatback(s)
Tumbling the Third Row Seat
To return the seatback to the upright position,
do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls
for the seat.
The seat can be tumbled forward for additional
cargo space.
2. Pull up on the seatback until it locks into
the upright position.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
34
To tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls
for the seat.
2. Make sure the head rests are completely
lowered, there is nothing under, in front of,
or on the seat, and all items are removed
from the cupholder and storage bin, if the
seat is a two-passenger seat.
3. Fold the seatbacks forward using the
instructions listed under “Folding the
Seatbacks” previously. You will not be
able to unlatch the seat from the floor
unless the seatback is folded down.
4. Unlatch the seat from
the floor by lifting the
lever located next
to the carrying handle
on the rear of the
seat near the bottom.
3. Release the seat from the tumbled position by
lifting the lever located next to the carrying
handle at the bottom rear of the seat.
4. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
5. Pull up on the seatback until it locks into the
upright position.
5. Lift the rear of the seat up from the floor.
6. Tilt the seat fully forward to lock it into place.
7. Push and pull on the seat to make sure
it is locked.
Put the seat in this position only when necessary
for additional cargo space.
Returning the Third Row Seat from a
Tumbled Position
To return the seat to the normal seating position,
do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls
for the seat.
2. Make sure there is nothing that could become
trapped under the seat.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
35
Removing the Third Row Seat
Installing the Third Row Seat
To remove the seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls
for the seat.
To install the seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the rear of
the vehicle.
2. Fold the seatback forward using the
instructions listed under “Folding the
Seatbacks” previously. The seat cannot be
removed unless the seatback is folded.
3. Unlatch the seat
from the floor by
pulling the carrying
handle, located
at the rear of
the seat, rearward.
4. Roll the seat out of the vehicle. There is a
track in the floor to guide the seat wheels
out of the vehicle.
36
2. Slide the front outboard seat wheels into the
track on the floor and roll the seat forward.
The front latches should lock into place.
If the latches do not lock, try tilting the rear
of the seat upward slightly.
3. Lower the rear of the seat and push down on
the seat to engage the rear floor latches.
{CAUTION:
A seat that is not locked into place
properly can move around in a collision
or sudden stop. People in the vehicle
could be injured. Be sure to lock the seat
into place properly when installing it.
4. Push and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place. The seatback cannot be
raised to the upright position unless the seat
is secured to the floor.
5. Pull up on the seatback until it locks into the
upright position.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on
the seatback to be sure it is locked.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed,
not properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that
the safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
7. Make sure the safety belts are returned to
the original position over the seatbacks.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
37
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use
safety belts properly. It also tells you some things
you should not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she
cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you
are in a crash and you are not wearing
a safety belt, your injuries can be much
worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured or killed. In the same
crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety
belt, and check that your passengers’
belts are fastened properly too.
38
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a
cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle.
In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured
or killed. Do not allow people to ride in
any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts.
Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a
light that comes on
as a reminder to
buckle up. See
Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 223.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces,
the law says to wear safety belts. Here is
why: They work.
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you
do have a crash, you do not know if it will be
a bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast
as it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can
be so serious that even buckled up, a person
would not survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people who buckle up
can survive and sometimes walk away. Without
belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in
vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a
seat on wheels.
39
Put someone on it.
40
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle.
The rider does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by
something. In a real vehicle, it could be the
windshield...
or the instrument panel...
41
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a
safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a
safety belt, even if you are upside down. And
your chance of being conscious during and
after an accident, so you can unbuckle and
get out, is much greater if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I
have to wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle
does. You get more time to stop. You stop
over more distance, and your strongest bones
take the forces. That is why safety belts
make such good sense.
42
A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will
be in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work
with safety belts — not instead of them.
Every airbag system ever offered for sale
has required the use of safety belts. Even if
you are in a vehicle that has airbags, you still
have to buckle up to get the most protection.
That is true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive
far from home, why should I wear
safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are
in an accident — even one that is not your
fault — you and your passengers can be hurt.
Being a good driver does not protect you
from things beyond your control, such as
bad drivers.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there are
different rules for smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding in your vehicle, see Older
Children on page 60 or Infants and Young Children
on page 63. Follow those rules for everyone’s
protection.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds
of less than 40 mph (65 km/h).
First, you will want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
Safety belts are for everyone.
Driver Position
We will start with the driver position.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how
to wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight.
To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
43
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the
height that is right for you. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash. See
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment on page 50.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the
belt across you very quickly. If this happens,
let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it
is secure. If the belt is not long enough,
see Safety Belt Extender on page 59.
44
6. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts of the body
are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop
or crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out
of the retractor.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low
and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs.
In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide
under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This
could cause serious or even fatal injuries.
45
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
46
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt
is buckled in the wrong place like this.
In a crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at the pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into the buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
47
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear
the shoulder belt under your arm. In a
crash, your body would move too far
forward, which would increase the chance
of head and neck injury. Also, the belt
would apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm.
It should be worn over the shoulder at
all times.
48
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you would not have the
full width of the belt to spread impact
forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight
so it can work properly, or ask your dealer
to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
49
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should
be away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder. Improper shoulder belt height
adjustment could reduce the effectiveness of the
safety belt in a crash.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the
buckle. The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out
of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can
damage both the belt and your vehicle.
To move it down,
squeeze the buttons (A)
on the sides of the
height adjuster and
move the height adjuster
to the desired position.
You can move the adjuster up just by pushing up
on the shoulder belt guide.
After you move the adjuster to where you want it,
try to move it down without squeezing the buttons
to make sure it has locked into position.
50
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to
be seriously injured if they do not wear safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect
the mother. When a safety belt is worn properly,
it is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt
in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone,
the key to making safety belts effective is wearing
them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see Driver Position on
page 43.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt — except
for one thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion
of the belt out all the way, you will engage the
child restraint locking feature which may turn off
the passenger’s frontal airbag. If this happens, just
let the belt go back all the way and start again.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder
belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low
as possible, below the rounding, throughout
the pregnancy.
51
Center Front Passenger Position
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a front bench seat, someone
can sit in the center position.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as
shown until the belt is snug.
When you sit in the center front seating position,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and
pull it along the belt.
52
Buckle, position and release it the same way as
the lap part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt is
not long enough, see Safety Belt Extender
on page 59.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It is very important for rear seat passengers to
buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted
people in the rear seat are hurt more often in
crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
All rear seat positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here is how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted can
be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they
can strike others in the vehicle who are wearing
safety belts.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt
across you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the
belt across you very quickly. If this happens,
let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
53
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way,
it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way
and start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 59.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low
and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs.
In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide
under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This
could cause serious or even fatal injuries.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder part.
54
The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts of the body
are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or
a crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out
of the retractor.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
55
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides may provide
added safety belt comfort for older children
who have outgrown booster seats and for some
adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the
comfort guide positions the belt away from
the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger
position in the second row seat and the third row,
if your vehicle has one. Here is how to install a
comfort guide and use the safety belt:
Second Row
1. For the second row, remove the guide from
its storage clip on the interior body.
56
Third Row
If your vehicle has a third row, remove the guide
from its storage pocket on the side of the seat.
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt.
The elastic cord must be under the belt.
Then, place the guide over the belt, and
insert the two edges of the belt into the
slots of the guide.
57
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies
flat. The elastic cord must be under the belt
and the guide on top.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn may
not provide the protection needed in a
crash. The person wearing the belt could
be seriously injured. The shoulder belt
should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are
best able to take belt restraining forces.
58
4. Buckle, position, and release the safety
belt as described in Rear Seat Passengers
on page 53. Make sure that the shoulder belt
crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze
the belt edges together so that you can take
them out of the guides. Slide the guide into its
storage pocket.
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the
driver and right front passenger. Although you
cannot see them, they are located on the retractor
part of the safety belts. They help the safety
belts reduce a person’s forward movement in a
moderate to severe frontal, near frontal, rear
or side crash, or a rollover.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer
will order you an extender. It is free. When you
go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you
will wear, so the extender will be long enough for
you. To help avoid personal injury, do not let
someone else use it, and use it only for the seat
it is made to fit. The extender has been designed
for adults. Never use it for securing child seats.
To wear it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.
For more information, see the instruction sheet
that comes with the extender.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate
in a crash, you will need to get new ones,
and probably other new parts for your safety belt
system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash on page 107.
59
Child Restraints
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety
belts?
Older Children
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional
restraint a shoulder belt can provide. The
shoulder belt should not cross the face
or neck. The lap belt should fit snugly below
the hips, just touching the top of the thighs.
It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear seat.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats
should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit in a seat
that has a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional
restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
60
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can
be thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need
to use safety belts properly.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The belt can not properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two children
can be crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by only
one person at a time.
61
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder
belt, but the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is very close to the child’s
face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a rear seat outside
position, move the child toward the center
of the vehicle. If the child is sitting in the
second row center position, move the child
toward the safety belt buckle. In either
case, be sure that the shoulder belt still is on
the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint
that belts provide. See Rear Safety Belt
Comfort Guides on page 56. If the child is
so small that the shoulder belt is still very close
to the child’s face or neck, you might want
to place the child in a rear seat that has a
lap belt, if your vehicle has one.
62
Infants and Young Children
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has
a lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part
is behind the child. If the child wears
the belt in this way, in a crash the child
might slide under the belt. The belt’s force
would then be applied right on the child’s
abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force
to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This
includes infants and all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and size of the
traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use
safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state
in the United States and in every Canadian
province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Never leave children
unattended in a vehicle and never allow
children to play with the safety belts.
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have the protection provided
by appropriate restraints. Young children should
not use the vehicle’s adult safety belts alone,
unless there is no other choice. Instead, they
need to use a child restraint.
63
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby does
not weigh much — until a crash. During a
crash a baby will become so heavy it is not
possible to hold it. For example, in a crash
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg)
baby will suddenly become a 240lb (110 kg)
force on a person’s arms. A baby should
be secured in an appropriate restraint.
64
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer protection for
adults and older children, but not for
young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
Q: What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s
weight, height and age but also whether or not
the restraint will be compatible with the motor
vehicle in which it will be used.
65
For most basic types of child restraints, there
are many different models available. When
purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is
designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it
is, the restraint will have a label saying that it
meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions
that come with the restraint, state the weight
and height limitations for a particular child
restraint. In addition, there are many kinds
of restraints available for children with
special needs.
66
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn
infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs
so much compared with the rest of its
body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing
seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across
the strongest part of an infant’s body,
the back and shoulders. Infants always
should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is
quite unlike that of an adult or older child,
for whom the safety belts are designed.
A young child’s hip bones are still so
small that the vehicle’s regular safety belt
may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up
around the child’s abdomen. In a crash,
the belt would apply force on a body area
that is unprotected by any bony structure.
This alone could cause serious or fatal
injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant’s
head rests toward the center of the vehicle.
67
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint
with the seating surface against the back of the
infant. The harness system holds the infant
in place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant
positioned in the restraint.
68
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint
for the child’s body with the harness and also
sometimes with surfaces such as T-shaped
or shelf-like shields.
Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed
for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat,
or position children. A built-in child restraint
system is a permanent part of the motor
vehicle. An add-on child restraint system
is a portable one, which is purchased by
the vehicle’s owner. To help reduce injuries,
an add-on child restraint must be secured
in the vehicle. With built-in or add-on
child restraints, the child has to be secured
within the child restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed
to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt
system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt
positioner, and some high-back booster seats
have a five-point harness. A booster seat can
also help a child to see out the window.
When choosing an add-on child restraint,
be sure the child restraint is designed to
be used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards. Then follow the
instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint
itself or in a booklet, or both.
69
Securing an Add-on Child Restraint
in the Vehicle
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child restraint is not
properly secured in the vehicle. Make sure
the child restraint is properly installed
in the vehicle using the vehicle’s safety
belt or LATCH system, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
To help reduce the chance of injury, the child
restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child
restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats
by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder
belt, or by the LATCH system. See Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 73 for
more information. A child can be endangered in a
crash if the child restraint is not properly secured
in the vehicle.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to
the instructions that come with the restraint which
may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both,
and to this manual. The child restraint instructions
are important, so if they are not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
70
Securing the Child Within the
Child Restraint
There are several systems for securing the child
within the child restraint. One system, the
three-point harness, has straps that come down
over each of the infant’s shoulders and buckle
together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps,
and a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of
hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps
that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child is not properly
secured in the child restraint. Make sure
the child is properly secured, following the
instructions that came with that restraint.
Because there are different systems, it is important
to refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint. A child can be endangered in a crash
if the child is not properly secured in the child
restraint.
71
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they are restrained in the rear rather than
the front seat. General Motors recommends that
child restraints be secured in a rear seat, including
an infant riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a
child riding in a forward-facing child seat and an
older child riding in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint
can be seriously injured or killed if the
right front passenger’s airbag inflates.
This is because the back of the rear-facing
child restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
CAUTION:
72
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
Do not use child restraints in the center front seat
position. The restraints will not work properly.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the
child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. The
LATCH system holds a child restraint during
driving or in a crash. This system is designed
to make installation of a child restraint easier.
The LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle
and attachments on the child restraint that
are made for use with the LATCH system.
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint
is properly installed using the anchors, or use
the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with that
restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.
When installing a child restraint with a top tether,
you must also use either the lower anchors or the
safety belts to properly secure the child restraint.
A child restraint must never be attached using only
the top tether and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint that has LATCH
attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will
provide you with instructions on how to use the
child restraint and its attachments. The following
explains how to attach a child restraint with these
attachments in your vehicle.
Your vehicle has lower anchors and top tether
anchors. Your child restraint may have lower
attachments and a top tether.
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints
have lower anchors and attachments or top tether
anchors and attachments.
73
Lower Anchors
Top Tether Anchor
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the
vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each
LATCH seating position that will accommodate a
child restraint with lower attachments (B).
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child
restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built
into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B)
on the child restraint connects to the top tether
anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward
movement and rotation of the child restraint
during driving or in a crash.
74
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A)
or a dual tether (C). Either will have a single
attachment (B) to secure the top tether to
the anchor.
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
j (Lower Anchor):
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
Some child restraints with top tethers are
designed for use with or without the top tether
being attached. Others require the top tether
always to be attached. In Canada, the law
requires that forward-facing child restraints have
a top tether, and that the tether be attached.
In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top tether. Be sure to read and follow
the instructions for your child restraint.
If the child restraint does not have a top tether,
one can be obtained, in kit form, for many
child restraints. Ask the child restraint
manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
Second Row — 60/40
j (Lower Anchor):
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
Second Row — Bucket
75
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
For models with a three passenger third row seat,
see the information following for installing a
child restraint with a top tether in the third row,
if your vehicle has one. Never install two top
tethers using the same top tether anchor.
For models with 60/40 second row seating, the
rear right side passenger and center seating
positions have exposed metal anchors located
in the crease between the seatback and the
seat cushion.
Third Row — Two
Passenger
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
Third Row — Three
Passenger
76
For models with second row bucket seats, both
rear seating positions have exposed metal anchors
located in the crease between the seatback and
the seat cushion.
Second Row Seat — Bucket
Second Row Seat — 60/40
For models with bucket second row seating, the
top tether anchors are located at the bottom rear of
the seat cushion for each seating position in the
second row. Be sure to use an anchor located
on the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
For models with 60/40 second row seating, the
top tether anchors are located at the bottom rear of
the seat cushion for each seating position in the
second row. Be sure to use an anchor located
on the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
77
For vehicles with a three passenger third row
seat, there is one top tether anchor located at
the bottom rear of the seat cushion that can
be used for either the third row center or driver
side seating position. Never install two top tethers
using the same top tether anchor.
Third Row Seat — Two or Three Passenger
For vehicles with a two passenger third row seat,
there is one top tether anchor located at the
bottom rear of the seat cushion that can be used
for the rear driver side seating position in the
third row. Never install two top tethers using the
same top tether anchor.
78
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger position or the third row passenger side
seating position if your vehicle has a third row
seat, if a national or local law requires that the
top tether be attached, or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the
top tether must be attached. There is no place to
attach the top tether in these positions.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. See Where to Put the Restraint on page 72
for additional information.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not
attached to anchors, the restraint will
not be able to protect the child correctly.
In a crash, the child could be seriously
injured or killed. Make sure that a
LATCH-type child restraint is properly
installed using the anchors, or use
the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint, following the instructions that
came with that restraint, and also the
instructions in this manual.
{CAUTION:
Each top tether anchor and lower anchor
in the vehicle is designed to hold only
one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single anchor
could cause the anchor or attachment to
come loose or even break during a crash.
A child or others could be injured if this
happens. To help prevent injury to people
and damage to your vehicle, attach only
one child restraint per anchor.
79
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Secure any unused
safety belts behind the child restraint
so children cannot reach them. Pull
the shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock, if your vehicle
has one, after the child restraint has
been installed. Be sure to follow the
instructions of the child restraint
manufacturer.
Notice: Contact between the child restraint or
the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s
safety belt assembly may cause damage to
these parts. Make sure when securing unused
safety belts behind the child restraint that there
is no contact between the child restraint or
the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s
safety belt assembly.
80
Folding an empty rear seat with the safety belts
secured, may cause damage to the safety belt
or the seat. When removing the child restraint,
always remember to return the safety belts to
their normal, stowed position before folding
the rear seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower attachments to
the lower anchors. If the child restraint does
not have lower attachments or the desired
seating position does not have lower anchors,
secure the child restraint with the top tether
and the safety belts. Refer to your child
restraint manufacturer instructions and the
instructions in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for the desired
seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower attachments
on the child restraint to the lower
anchors.
2. If the child restraint manufacturer recommends
that the top tether be attached, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor,
if the vehicle has one. Refer to the child
restraint instructions and the following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. Route, attach and tighten the top tether
according to your child restraint
instructions and the following
instructions:
If the position you are
using does not have a
head rest/restraint and
you are using a single
tether, route the tether
over the seatback.
If the position you are
using does not have a
head rest/restraint and
you are using a dual
tether, route the tether
over the seatback.
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head rest/restraint and
you are using a dual
tether, route the tether
around the head
rest/restraint.
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head rest/restraint and
you are using a single
tether, raise the head
rest/restraint and route
the tether under the
head rest/restraint and
in between the head
rest/restraint posts.
3. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
81
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position
If your child restraint has the LATCH system,
see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 73.
If your vehicle has a third row, there is no top
tether anchor in the passenger-side seating
position. Do not secure a child restraint in this
position if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the
top tether must be anchored.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH
system, you will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in this position.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came
with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
82
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt to
tighten the lap portion of the belt and feed the
shoulder belt back into the retractor. If you are
using a forward-facing child restraint, you may
find it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
83
6. If your child restraint manufacturer
recommends using a top tether, and the
position that you are using has a top tether
anchor, attach and tighten the top tether to
the top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions
that came with the child restraint and to Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 73.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is
attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect it.
Unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go
back all the way. The safety belt will move freely
again and be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
84
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position
{CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center
front seat can be badly injured or killed
by the right front passenger’s airbag if it
inflates. Never secure a child restraint in
the center front seat. It is always better
to secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
Do not use child restraints in this position.
The restraints will not work properly.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
airbag. A rear seat is a safer place to secure
a forward-facing child restraint. See Where to
Put the Restraint on page 72.
In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing
system. The passenger sensing system is designed
to turn off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag
when an infant in a rear-facing infant seat or a
small child in a forward-facing child restraint or
booster seat is detected. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 100 and Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 225 for more information on
this including important safety information.
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a
rear-facing child seat in the front.” This is because
the risk to the rear-facing child is so great, if the
airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint
can be seriously injured or killed if the
right front passenger’s airbag inflates.
This is because the back of the rear-facing
child restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
85
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat position, move the
seat as far back as it will go before securing the
forward-facing child restraint. See Power Seats
on page 9.
If your child restraint has the LATCH system,
see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 73.
There is no top tether anchor at the right front
seating position. Do not secure a child seat in this
position if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the
top tether must be anchored. See Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 73
if the child restraint has a top tether.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure
the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
frontal airbag. See Passenger Sensing System
on page 100. We recommend that rear-facing
child restraints be secured in a rear seat,
even if the airbag is off. If your child restraint
is forward-facing, move the seat as far back as
it will go before securing the child restraint in
this seat. See Power Seats on page 9.
When the passenger sensing system has
turned off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag, the off indicator on the passenger
airbag status indicator should light and stay lit
when you turn the ignition to RUN or START.
See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
on page 225.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
86
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
87
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt. You should not be
able to pull more of the belt from the retractor
once the lock has been set.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
8. If the airbag is off, the off indicator will be lit
and stay lit when the key is turned to RUN
or START.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
88
If a child restraint has been installed and the
on indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall
the child restraint.
If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in
the child restraint in a rear seat position in
the vehicle and check with your dealer.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle
the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all
the way. The safety belt will move freely again
and be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Airbag System
Your vehicle has a frontal airbag for the driver
and a frontal airbag for the right front passenger.
Your vehicle also has roof-mounted rollover
airbags designed for either side impact or rollover
deployment. Roof-mounted rollover airbags are
available for the driver and the passenger seated
directly behind the driver and for the right front
passenger and the passenger seated directly
behind that passenger.
For roof-mounted rollover airbags, the word
AIRBAG will appear on the airbag covering
on the ceiling above the sidewall trim near the
driver’s and right front passenger’s window and
the second row outside seating positions.
Also, if your vehicle has a third row passenger
seat, you may have third row roof-mounted
rollover airbags.
Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce
the risk of injury from the force of an inflating
frontal airbag. But these airbags must inflate
very quickly to do their job and comply with
federal regulations.
89
Here are the most important things to know about
the airbag system:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed
in a crash if you are not wearing your
safety belt — even if you have airbags.
Wearing your safety belt during a crash
helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. All airbags are designed
to work with safety belts but do not
replace them.
Frontal airbags for the driver and
right front passenger are designed to
deploy in moderate to severe frontal
and near frontal crashes. They are not
designed to inflate in rollover, rear
crashes, or in many side crashes.
CAUTION:
90
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
And, for some unrestrained occupants,
frontal airbags may provide less
protection in frontal crashes than more
forceful airbags have provided in the past.
Roof-mounted rollover airbags are
designed to inflate in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side
of your vehicle, during a vehicle rollover,
or in a severe frontal impact. They are
not designed to inflate in rear crashes.
If your vehicle has roof rail airbags,
they are designed to provide both side
impact protection and rollover protection.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear
a safety belt properly — whether or not
there is an airbag for that person.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and roof-mounted rollover
airbags inflate with great force, faster
than the blink of an eye. If you are too
close to an inflating airbag, as you would
be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help
keep you in position for airbag inflation
before and during a crash. Always wear
your safety belt even with frontal airbags.
The driver should sit as far back as
possible while still maintaining control
of the vehicle. Occupants should not lean
on or sleep against the door in the first or
second row seats, or the rear windows
in the third row seat, if your vehicle has
roof- mounted rollover airbags.
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer the best protection for adults,
but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its airbag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly
in your vehicle. To read how, see Older
Children on page 60 or Infants and Young
Children on page 63.
Occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door in the first or second row
seats, or the rear windows in the third row
seat, if your vehicle has roof-mounted
rollover airbags.
91
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the
airbag symbol.
Where Are the Airbags?
The system checks the airbag electrical system
for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is
an electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 224 for more information.
The driver’s airbag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
92
The right front passenger’s airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The roof-mounted rollover airbag for the driver
and the person seated directly behind the driver
is located in the ceiling above the side windows.
93
The roof-mounted rollover airbag for the right front
passenger and the person directly behind that
passenger is located in the ceiling above the
side windows.
94
If your vehicle has a third row seat, the
roof-mounted rollover airbag is located in the
ceiling above the rear windows for the outside
passenger positions.
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant
and an airbag, the bag might not inflate
properly or it might force the object into
that person causing severe injury or even
death. The path of an inflating airbag
must be kept clear. Do not put anything
between an occupant and an airbag,
and do not attach or put anything on
the steering wheel hub or on or near any
other airbag covering. And, if your vehicle
has roof-mounted rollover airbags, never
secure anything to the roof of your
vehicle by routing the rope or tiedown
through any door or window opening.
If you do, the path of an inflating side
impact airbag will be blocked. The path
of an inflating airbag must be kept clear.
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
airbags are designed to inflate in moderate
to severe frontal or near-frontal crashes. But
they are designed to inflate only if the impact
exceeds a predetermined deployment threshold.
Deployment thresholds take into account a
variety of desired deployment and non-deployment
events and are used to predict how severe a
crash is likely to be in time for the airbags to inflate
and help restrain the occupants. Whether your
frontal airbags will or should deploy is not based
on how fast your vehicle is traveling. It depends
largely on what you hit, the direction of the impact
and how quickly your vehicle slows down.
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal
airbags, which adjust the restraint according
to crash severity. Your vehicle is equipped with
electronic frontal sensors, which help the sensing
system distinguish between a moderate frontal
impact and a more severe frontal impact. For
moderate frontal impacts, these airbags inflate
at a level less than full deployment. For more
severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
95
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that does not move or deform, the threshold
level for the reduced deployment is about 9 to
16 mph (14 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level
for a full deployment is about 18 to 25 mph
(29 to 40 km/h). (The threshold level can vary,
however, with specific vehicle design, so that it
can be somewhat above or below this range.)
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash
speeds. For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits an object that does not
deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole)
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object
(like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.
96
The frontal airbags (driver and right front
passenger) are not intended to inflate during
vehicle rollovers, rear impacts, or in many
side impacts.
Your vehicle has a seat position sensor which
enables the sensing system to monitor the
fore and aft position of the driver’s seat. Seat
position sensors provide information that is used
to determine if the airbags should deploy at a
reduced level or at full deployment.
Your vehicle has roof-mounted rollover airbags
and a rollover sensor. See Airbag System on
page 89. These “rollover capable” airbags
are intended to inflate in moderate to severe side
crashes, during a rollover or in a severe frontal
impact. A roof-mounted rollover airbag will inflate
if the crash severity is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.” The threshold level can
vary with specific vehicle design. Roof-mounted
rollover airbags are not intended to inflate in
rear impacts. Both roof-mounted rollover airbags
will deploy when either side of the vehicle is struck
or during a rollover, or in a severe frontal impact.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether
an airbag should have inflated simply because
of the damage to a vehicle or because of what
the repair costs were. For frontal airbags, inflation
is determined by what the vehicle hits, the
angle of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle
slows down. For roof-mounted rollover airbags,
inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact or a rollover event.
The airbag system is designed to work properly
under a wide range of conditions, including off-road
usage. Observe safe driving speeds, especially
on rough terrain. As always, wear your safety belt.
See Off-Road Driving on page 334 for tips on
off-road driving.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is
in a crash. In the case of a roof-mounted rollover
airbag, the sensing system detects that the
vehicle is about to roll over or has been in a
severe frontal impact. The sensing system triggers
a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the airbag. The inflator, airbag, and related
hardware are all part of the airbag modules inside
the steering wheel and in the instrument panel
in front of the right front passenger. For vehicles
with roof-mounted rollover airbags, the airbag
modules are located in the ceiling of the vehicle,
near the side windows.
If your vehicle has a third row seat with
roof-mounted rollover airbags, the airbag modules
are located inside the rear-most pillar trim and
above in the ceiling above the fixed rear glass.
97
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal
collisions, even belted occupants can contact
the steering wheel or the instrument panel.
In moderate to severe side collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the inside of the vehicle.
The airbag supplements the protection provided
by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s
upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually.
But the frontal airbags would not help you in
many types of collisions, including rollovers, rear
impacts, and many side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward the airbag.
Roof-mounted rollover airbags would not help
you in many types of collisions, including many
frontal or near frontal collisions, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not
toward the airbag. Airbags should never be
regarded as anything more than a supplement
to safety belts, and then only in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal airbags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions
for roof-mounted rollover airbags.
98
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates?
After a frontal airbag inflates, it quickly deflates,
so quickly that some people may not even realize
the airbag inflated. Roof-mounted rollover
airbags deflate more slowly and may still be at
least partially inflated minutes after the vehicle
comes to rest. Some components of the airbag
module may be hot for a short time. These
components include the steering wheel hub for the
driver’s frontal airbag and the instrument panel
for the right front passenger’s frontal airbag.
For vehicles with roof-mounted rollover airbags,
the ceiling of your vehicle near the side windows
may be hot. The parts of the bag that come
into contact with you may be warm, but not too
hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from the vents in the deflated airbags.
Airbag inflation does not prevent the driver from
seeing out of the windshield or being able to
steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from
leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there is dust in
the air. This dust could cause breathing
problems for people with a history
of asthma or other breathing trouble.
To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle
should get out as soon as it is safe to
do so. If you have breathing problems
but cannot get out of the vehicle after
an airbag inflates, then get fresh air by
opening a window or a door. If you
experience breathing problems following
an airbag deployment, you should seek
medical attention.
Your vehicle has a feature that may automatically
unlock the doors and turn the interior lamps
on when the airbags inflate. You can lock the
doors again and turn the interior lamps off by
using the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an
airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle
deformation. Additional windshield breakage
may also occur from the right front passenger
airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once.
After an airbag inflates, you will need
some new parts for your airbag system.
If you do not get them, the airbag system
will not be there to help protect you in
another crash. A new system will include
airbag modules and possibly other parts.
The service manual for your vehicle covers
the need to replace other parts.
• Your vehicle has a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information
after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection
and Event Data Recorders on page 547.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your
airbag system. Improper service can mean
that your airbag system will not work properly.
See your dealer for service.
99
Passenger Sensing System
Your vehicle has a passenger sensing system.
The passenger airbag status indicator on the
overhead console will be visible when you turn
your ignition key to RUN or START. The words
ON and OFF or the symbol for on and off,
will be visible during the system check. When
the system check is complete, either the word
ON or the word OFF, or the symbol for on or
the symbol for off will be visible. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 225.
The passenger sensing system works with
sensors that are part of the right front passenger’s
seat and safety belt. The sensors are designed
to detect the presence of a properly-seated
occupant and determine if the passenger’s airbag
should be enabled (may inflate) or not.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. General Motors recommends that child
restraints be secured in a rear seat, including an
infant riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child
riding in a forward-facing child seat and an older
child riding in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
United States
Canada
The passenger sensing system will turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag under certain
conditions. The driver’s airbags are not part of
the passenger sensing system.
100
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint
can be seriously injured or killed if the
right front passenger’s airbag inflates.
This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat
as far back as it will go. It is better to
secure the child restraint in a rear seat.
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn
off the right front passenger’s airbag if:
• the right front passenger seat is unoccupied
• the system determines that an infant is present
in a rear-facing infant seat
• the system determines that a small child is
present in a forward-facing child restraint
• the system determines that a small child is
present in a booster seat
• a right front passenger takes his/her weight off
of the seat for a period of time
• the right front passenger seat is occupied by
a smaller person, such as a child who has
outgrown child restraints
• or if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
When the passenger sensing system has turned
off the passenger’s airbag, the off indicator will light
and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is off.
101
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the child
restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child
restraint following the child restraint manufacturer’s
directions and refer to Securing a Child Restraint in
the Right Front Seat Position on page 85.
If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to make
sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not pressing the
child restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens,
slightly recline the vehicle’s seatback and adjust the
seat cushion if possible. Also make sure the child
restraint is not trapped under the vehicle head
restraint. If this happens, adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the vehicle
and check with your dealer.
The passenger sensing system is designed to
enable (may inflate) the right front passenger’s
airbag anytime the system senses that a person
of adult size is sitting properly in the right front
passenger’s seat. When the passenger sensing
system has allowed the airbag to be enabled,
the on indicator will light and stay lit to remind you
that the airbag is active.
102
For some children who have outgrown child
restraints and for very small adults, the passenger
sensing system may or may not turn off the right
front passenger’s airbag, depending upon the
person’s seating posture and body build. Everyone
in your vehicle who has outgrown child restraints
should wear a safety belt properly — whether or
not there is an airbag for that person.
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat, but the off indicator is lit, it could
be because that person is not sitting properly in the
seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle off and ask
the person to place the seatback in the fully upright
position, then sit upright in the seat, centered on the
seat cushion, with the person’s legs comfortably
extended. Restart the vehicle and have the person
remain in this position for about two minutes. This
will allow the system to detect that person and then
enable the passenger’s airbag.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the
instrument panel cluster ever comes on
and stays on, it means that something
may be wrong with the airbag system.
If this ever happens, have the vehicle
serviced promptly, because an adult-size
person sitting in the right front passenger’s
seat may not have the protection of the
frontal airbag. See Airbag Readiness Light
on page 224 for more on this, including
important safety information.
103
Aftermarket equipment, such as seat covers, can
affect how well the passenger sensing system
operates. You may want to consider not using
seat covers or other aftermarket equipment if
your vehicle has the passenger sensing system.
See Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 105 for more information
about modifications that can affect how the
system operates.
{CAUTION:
Stowing of articles under the passenger’s
seat or between the passenger’s seat
cushion and seatback may interfere with
the proper operation of the passenger
sensing system.
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be
serviced. There are parts of the airbag system
in several places around your vehicle. You do
not want the system to inflate while someone
is working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the
service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase
a service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 553.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition
key is turned off and the battery is
disconnected, an airbag can still inflate
during improper service. You can be
injured if you are close to an airbag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors.
CAUTION:
104
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
They are probably part of the airbag
system. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front
or sides of the vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your
vehicle’s frame, bumper system, height,
front end or side sheet metal, they may keep
the airbag system from working properly.
Also, the airbag system may not work properly
if you relocate any of the airbag sensors.
If you have any questions about this, you
should contact Customer Assistance before
you modify your vehicle. The phone numbers
and addresses for Customer Assistance
are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 536.
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get
my vehicle modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my airbag system?
A: Changing or moving any parts of the
front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing
and diagnostic module, rollover sensor
module, instrument panel, steering wheel,
ceiling headliner, ceiling and pillar garnish trim,
roof-mounted rollover airbag modules, or
airbag wiring can affect the operation of the
airbag system. If you have questions, call
Customer Assistance. The phone numbers
and addresses for Customer Assistance are
in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 536.
105
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates,
retractors and anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job,
have it repaired. Keep safety belts clean and dry.
See Care of Safety Belts on page 496 for more
information.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in
a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
106
Also look for any opened or broken airbag
covers, and have them repaired or replaced.
(The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.)
Notice: If you damage the covering for the
driver’s or the right front passenger’s airbag,
or the side impact airbag covering on the
ceiling near the side windows, the airbag may
not work properly. You may have to replace
the airbag module in the steering wheel,
both the airbag module and the instrument
panel for the right front passenger’s airbag,
or side impact airbag module and ceiling
covering for roof-mounted rollover airbags.
Do not open or break the airbag coverings.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems
in your vehicle. A damaged restraint
system may not properly protect the
person using it, resulting in serious
injury or even death in a crash. To help
make sure your restraint systems are
working properly after a crash, have
them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts
or LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be
necessary. But if the belts were stretched,
as they would be if worn during a more severe
crash, then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a
more severe crash, you may need new LATCH
system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.
Collision damage also may mean you will need to
have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts
repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may
be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system
was not being used at the time of the collision.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system
earlier in this section.
If the airbags inflate you will also need to replace
the driver and front passenger’s safety belt
retractor assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the
new retractor assembly will be there to help protect
you in a collision.
After a crash you may need to replace the driver
and front passenger’s safety belt retractor
assemblies, even if the airbags have not deployed.
The driver and front passenger’s safety belt
retractor assemblies contain the safety belt
pretensioners. Have your safety belt pretensioners
checked if your vehicle has been in a collision,
or if your airbag readiness light stays on after
you start your vehicle or while you are driving.
See Airbag Readiness Light on page 224.
107
✍ NOTES
108
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys .............................................................111
Remote Keyless Entry System ...................112
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation ................................................113
Doors and Locks .........................................120
Door Locks ................................................120
Power Door Locks ......................................121
Delayed Locking .........................................122
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks .............................................122
Rear Door Security Locks ..........................122
Lockout Protection ......................................123
Liftgate/Liftglass ..........................................124
Power Liftgate ............................................126
Power Running Boards ...............................130
Windows ......................................................131
Power Windows .........................................132
Sun Visors .................................................133
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..............................133
Content Theft-Deterrent ..............................133
PASS-Key® III+ ..........................................135
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ..........................135
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ..........137
New Vehicle Break-In .................................137
Ignition Positions ........................................138
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ..............139
Starting the Engine .....................................139
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal ...........141
Engine Coolant Heater ...............................141
Automatic Transmission Operation ..............142
Tow/Haul Mode ..........................................148
Parking Brake ............................................149
Shifting Into Park (P) ..................................150
Shifting Out of Park (P) ..............................151
Parking Over Things That Burn ..................152
Engine Exhaust ..........................................153
Running the Engine While Parked ..............154
Mirrors ..........................................................155
Automatic Dimming Rearview
Mirror with Intellibeam™, OnStar®,
Compass, and Temperature Display .........155
Automatic Dimming Rearview
Mirror with OnStar®, Compass
and Temperature Display ........................157
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors ................160
109
Section 2
Features and Controls
OnStar® System ...........................................163
Universal Home Remote System .................165
Universal Home Remote System
Operation ................................................166
Storage Areas ..............................................170
Glove Box ..................................................170
Cupholder(s) ...............................................170
Center Console Storage Area .....................171
Assist Handles ...........................................171
110
Garment Hooks ..........................................171
Luggage Carrier .........................................172
Rear Storage Area .....................................173
Rear Seat Armrest .....................................173
Convenience Net ........................................173
Cargo Cover ..............................................174
Cargo Management System .......................176
Sunroof ........................................................179
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons. They could operate the power
windows or other controls or even make
the vehicle move. The children or others
could be badly injured or even killed.
Do not leave the keys in a vehicle with
children.
111
Your vehicle has a
double-sided key
that can be used for
the ignition and
door locks.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry
Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
If you ever lose your keys, your dealer will be
able to assist you with obtaining replacements.
In an emergency contact Cadillac Roadside
Service®. See Roadside Service on page 541
for more information.
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by
other than an authorized service facility could
void authorization to use this equipment.
112
At times you may notice a decrease in operating
range. This is normal for any remote keyless
entry system. If the transmitter does not work or
if you have to stand closer to your vehicle for
the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from
your vehicle. You may need to stand closer
during rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects
may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps
to the left or right, hold the transmitter
higher, and try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement
is necessary. See “Battery Replacement”
under Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 113.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer
or a qualified technician for service.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
The vehicle’s doors can be locked and unlocked
from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 65 feet (20 m)
away with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature you can
also start your vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
The RKE transmitter, with the remote start button,
provides an increased operating range of 195 feet
(60 m) away. However, the operating range may
be less while the vehicle is running. As a result,
you may need to be closer to your vehicle to turn
it off than you were to start it.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter. See Remote
Keyless Entry System on page 112.
113
You will have one of the RKE transmitters below.
Q (Lock): Press the lock button to lock all the
doors. If enabled through the Driver Information
Center (DIC), the parking lamps will flash once
to indicate locking has occurred. If enabled
through the DIC, the horn will chirp when the
lock button is pressed again within five seconds
of the previous press of the lock button. See
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254 for
additional information. Pressing the lock button
may arm the content theft-deterrent system.
See Content Theft-Deterrent on page 133.
" (Unlock): Press the unlock button to unlock the
With Remote Start
and Power Liftgate
and Liftglass
(Without Remote
Start Similar)
With Remote Start
and Power Liftgate
and Liftglass
(Without Remote
Start Similar)
The following functions may be available if your
vehicle has the RKE system:
/ (Remote Vehicle Start): If your vehicle has this
feature, it may be started from outside the vehicle
using the RKE transmitter. See “Remote Vehicle
Start” following for more detailed information.
114
driver’s door. If the button is pressed again within
five seconds, all remaining doors will unlock.
The interior lamps will come on and stay on for
20 seconds or until the ignition is turned on. If
enabled through the DIC, the parking lamps will
flash once to indicate unlocking has occurred.
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254.
Pressing the unlock button on the RKE transmitter
will disarm the content theft-deterrent system.
See Content Theft-Deterrent on page 133.
m (Liftglass): Press and hold this button on
the RKE transmitter to open the liftglass.
Matching Transmitter(s) to
Your Vehicle
& (Power Liftgate): Press and hold this button
on the RKE transmitter to open and close the
liftgate. The taillamps will flash and a chime will
sound to indicate when the liftgate is opening
and closing.
Each RKE transmitter is coded to prevent
another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your GM dealer. Remember
to bring any additional transmitters so they can
also be re-coded to match the new transmitter.
Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter,
the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
The vehicle can have a maximum of eight
transmitters matched to it.
L (Vehicle Locator/Panic Alarm): Press and
release this button to locate your vehicle. The turn
signal lamps will flash and the horn will sound
three times. Press and hold this button for more
than two seconds to activate the panic alarm.
The turn signal lamps will flash and the horn will
sound repeatedly for 30 seconds. The alarm
will turn off when the ignition is moved to RUN or
the alarm button is pressed again. The ignition
must be in OFF for the panic alarm to work.
115
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your RKE
transmitter should last about four years.
The battery is weak if the transmitter will not work
at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it is probably time to change the battery.
The REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
message in the vehicle’s DIC will display if the
RKE transmitter battery is low. See “REPLACE
BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY” under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 245 for additional
information.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use
care not to touch any of the circuitry.
Static from your body transferred to these
surfaces may damage the transmitter.
116
To replace the battery in this type of RKE
transmitter do the following:
1. Use a flat object with a thin edge into the
notch, located above the metal base, and
separate the bottom half from the top half
of the transmitter.
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing up. Use
a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent type.
Make sure the cover is on tightly, so water
will not get in.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with
the vehicle.
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing down.
Use a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent type.
Make sure the cover is on tightly, so water will
not get in.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together tightly so moisture does not get in.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with
the vehicle.
Remote Vehicle Start
To replace the battery in this type of RKE
transmitter do the following:
1. Use a flat object with a thin edge into the notch,
located below the trunk release button, and
separate the bottom half from the top half of
the transmitter.
Your vehicle may have a remote starting feature.
This feature allows you to start the engine
from outside of the vehicle. It may also start up
the vehicle’s heating or air conditioning systems
and rear window defogger. Normal operation of
the system will return after the key is turned to
the RUN position.
If your vehicle has an automatic climate control
system, during remote start, the climate control
system will default to a heating mode during
colder outside temperatures and a cooling
mode during warmer outside temperatures.
117
If your vehicle does not have an automatic climate
control system, during remote start the climate
control system will turn on at the setting the vehicle
was set to when the vehicle was last turned off.
/ (Remote Start): Press and release the lock
button and then press and hold the remote
start button to start the vehicle.
The RKE transmitter with the remote start button,
provides an increased range of operation.
However, the range may be less while the vehicle
is running. As a result, you may need to be
closer to your vehicle to turn it off, than you
were to turn it on.
To start the vehicle using the remote start feature,
do the following:
1. Aim the transmitter at the vehicle.
2. Press and release the transmitter’s lock
button, then immediately press and hold
the transmitter’s remote start button until
the turn signal lights flash. If you can not
see the vehicle’s lights, press and hold the
remote start button for at least four seconds.
The vehicle’s doors will lock. Pressing the
remote start button again after the vehicle
has started will turn off the ignition.
When the vehicle starts, the parking lamps
will turn on and remain on while the vehicle
is running.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter, see Remote
Keyless Entry System on page 112 for additional
information.
3. If it is your first remote start since last driving,
repeat these steps while the engine is still
running for a 10 minute time extension.
Remote start can be extended one time.
Laws in some communities may restrict the use
of remote starters. For example, some laws
may require a person using the remote start
to have the vehicle in view when doing so.
Check local regulations for any requirements on
remote starting of vehicles.
Do not use the remote start feature if your vehicle
is low on fuel. Your vehicle may run out of fuel.
When you enter the vehicle during a remote start,
and the engine is still running, turn the key to
the RUN position to drive the vehicle.
118
If the vehicle is left running it will automatically
shut off after 10 minutes unless a time extension
has been done.
To manually shut off a remote start, do any of
the following:
• Aim the RKE transmitter at the vehicle and
press the remote start button until the
parking lamps turn off.
• Turn on the hazards warning flashers.
• Turn the ignition switch on and then off.
The additional ten minutes are considered a
second remote vehicle start.
Once two remote starts, or a single remote start
with one time extension has been done, the
vehicle must be started with the key.
After the key is removed from the ignition, the
vehicle can be remote started again.
The vehicle cannot be remote started if the key
is in the ignition, the hood is not closed, or if
there is an emission control system malfunction.
The vehicle can be remote started two separate
times between driving sequences. The engine
will run for 10 minutes after each remote start.
Also, the engine will turn off during a remote
vehicle start if the coolant temperature gets too
high or if the oil pressure gets low.
Or, you can extend the engine run time by another
10 minutes within the first 10 minute remote
start time frame, and before the engine stops.
Vehicles that have the remote vehicle start feature
are shipped from the factory with the remote
vehicle start system enabled. The system may
be enabled or disabled through the DIC. See
“REMOTE START” under DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 254 for additional
information.
For example, if the lock button and then the
remote start buttons are pressed again after
the vehicle has been running for five minutes,
10 minutes are added, allowing the engine to
run for 15 minutes.
119
Remote Start Ready
If your vehicle does not have the remote vehicle
start feature, it may have the remote start
ready feature. This feature allows your dealer
to add the manufacturer’s remote vehicle
start feature.
If your vehicle has the remote start ready feature,
your RKE transmitter will have extended range
that will allow you to lock or unlock your vehicle
from approximately 197 feet (60 m) away.
See your dealer if you would like to add the
manufacturer’s remote vehicle start feature to
your vehicle.
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers, especially children, can
easily open the doors and fall out of
a moving vehicle. When a door is
locked, the handle will not open it.
You increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash
if the doors are not locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
CAUTION:
120
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out.
A child can be overcome by extreme
heat and can suffer permanent injuries
or even death from heat stroke.
Always lock your vehicle whenever
you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through
an unlocked door when you slow
down or stop your vehicle. Locking
your doors can help prevent this
from happening.
From the inside, use the power door locks or
manual door locks. To lock or unlock the door
with the manual locks, push down or pull up on
the manual lock knob.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock switches are located on the
armrest on the front doors.
K (Unlock): Press the side of the switch with the
unlock symbol to unlock the doors.
Q (Lock): Press the side of the switch with the
lock symbol to lock the doors.
There are several ways to lock and unlock
your vehicle.
From the outside, use the remote keyless
entry (RKE) transmitter or the key in the
driver’s door.
121
Delayed Locking
When locking the doors with the power lock switch
or the remote keyless entry (RKE) transmitter
and a door or the liftgate is open, the doors will
lock five seconds after the last door is closed. You
will hear three chimes to signal that the delayed
locking feature is in use.
Pressing the power lock switch or the lock button
on the RKE transmitter twice will override the
delayed locking feature and immediately lock all
the doors.
This feature will not operate if the key is in
the ignition.
You can program this feature using the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DELAY
DOOR LOCK under DIC Vehicle Customization
on page 254.
122
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
Your vehicle has an automatic lock/unlock feature
which enables you to program the vehicle’s
power door locks. You can program this feature
through the Driver Information Center (DIC).
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254 for
more information on DIC programming.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle has rear door security locks.
These prevent passengers from opening the
rear doors from the inside.
The rear door security
locks are located on
the inside edge of
each rear door. You
must open the rear
doors to access them.
The label depicting lock
and unlock positions
is located near the lock.
Security Lock Label
shown
To set the locks, do the following:
1. Insert the key into the security lock slot and
turn it so the slot is in the horizontal position.
2. Close the door.
When you want to open a rear door when the
security lock is on, do the following:
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless
entry transmitter, if the vehicle has one,
the power door lock switch, or by lifting
the rear door manual lock.
2. Open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the
following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Insert the key into the security lock slot
and turn it so the slot is in the vertical position.
Lockout Protection
This feature protects you from locking the key in
the vehicle when the key is in the ignition and
a front door is open.
If the driver’s side power door lock switch is
pressed when the driver’s door is open and the
key is in the ignition, all of the doors will lock and
then the driver’s door will unlock.
If the passenger’s side power door lock switch
is pressed when the front passenger’s door is
open and the key is in the ignition, all of the
doors will lock and then the front passenger’s
door will unlock.
123
Liftgate/Liftglass
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
• If you have air outlets on or under
It can be dangerous to drive with the
liftglass or liftgate open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into your
vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO.
It can cause unconsciousness and
even death.
If you must drive with the liftglass or
liftgate open, or if electrical wiring or
other cable connections must pass
through the seal between the body and
the liftglass or liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest speed
with the recirculation mode off. That
will force outside air into your vehicle.
See Dual Automatic Climate Control
System on page 212.
CAUTION:
124
(Continued)
(Continued)
the instrument panel, open them
all the way.
• If your vehicle is equipped with a
power liftgate, disable the power
liftgate function.
See Engine Exhaust on page 153.
See Power Liftgate on page 126 for more
information on how to use the power liftgate.
To unlock the liftgate, use the power door lock
switch or press the door unlock button on
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter twice.
See Remote Keyless Entry System Operation
on page 113.
The liftgate or liftglass cannot be opened if the
rear wipers are in motion. Attempting to open the
liftgate or liftglass while the rear wipers are in
motion will cause the release of the liftglass
or liftgate to delay until the wipers are parked off
the liftglass.
Both the liftglass and liftgate have an electric
latch. If the battery is disconnected or has
low voltage, the liftglass and liftgate will not open.
The liftglass and liftgate will resume operation
when the battery is reconnected and charged.
To open the liftglass, press the button on the
underside of the license pocket applique (A).
The liftglass can also be opened by pressing the
liftglass release button on the RKE.
If the battery is properly connected and has
adequate voltage, and the liftgate or liftglass still
will not function, your vehicle should be taken
to a dealership for service.
To open the entire liftgate, press the power liftgate
release button on the RKE or in the vehicle.
See Power Liftgate on page 126. You can also
press the touchpad on the underside of the liftgate
handle (B). The liftgate will open after a slight
delay. The vehicle must be in PARK (P) to open
the liftgate. To close the liftgate, use the pull cup
or pull strap as an aid.
125
Power Liftgate
Your vehicle has a power liftgate. The vehicle
must be in PARK (P) to power open or close
the liftgate.
The liftgate must be completely closed to power
open or completely open to power close.
To open and close the liftgate, press and hold the
power liftgate button on the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter until the liftgate starts
moving. Press the RKE button a second
time during liftgate operation to reverse that
operation. See Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 113 for more information.
The taillamps will flash and a chime will sound at
the beginning of each power operation cycle.
The liftgate can also be
opened and closed by
pressing the power
liftgate button on the
overhead console.
Press the button a
second time during
liftgate operation to
reverse that operation.
{CAUTION:
You or others could be injured if caught in
the path of the power liftgate. Make sure
there is no one in the way of the liftgate
as it is closing.
Power Liftgate Button
on Overhead Console
Notice: If you open the liftgate without
checking for overhead obstructions such as
a garage door, you could break the liftgate
glass. Always check to make sure the area
above the liftgate is clear before opening it.
126
The liftgate can be power opened by pressing
the touchpad switch on the liftgate handle.
Press the button a second time during liftgate
operation to reverse that operation.
Cargo could fall out of the vehicle. Always make
sure the power liftgate is closed and latched before
you drive away.
If you power open the liftgate and the liftgate
support struts have lost pressure, the lights will
flash and a chime will sound. The liftgate will hold
open temporarily, then slowly close. See your
dealer for service before using the liftgate.
Obstacle Detection Features
Power Liftgate Button Near Liftgate Latch
The liftgate can be power closed by pressing
the power liftgate button next to the liftgate latch.
Press the button a second time during liftgate
operation to reverse that operation.
The power liftgate my be temporarily disabled
under extreme high or low temperatures.
If this occurs, the liftgate can still be operated
manually. The power liftgate may not operate
under low battery conditions.
If you shift the transmission out of PARK (P)
while the power function is in progress, the
liftgate power function will continue to completion.
If you shift the transmission out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power liftgate latches closed,
the liftgate may reverse to the open position.
If the liftgate encounters an obstacle during a
power open or close cycle, a warning chime will
sound and the liftgate will automatically reverse
direction to the full closed or open position.
After removing the obstruction, the liftgate may
be power opened or closed normally. If the liftgate
encounters multiple obstacles on the same
power cycle, the power function will deactivate,
and the liftgate will switch to manual operation.
The REAR ACCESS OPEN warning message in
the Driver Information Center (DIC) will indicate
that the liftgate is open. After removing the
obstructions, manually open the liftgate to the
full open position or close the liftgate to the fully
closed and latched position. The liftgate will
now resume normal power operation.
127
Your vehicle has pinch sensors located on the
side edges of the liftgate. If an object is caught
between the liftgate and the vehicle body and
presses against this sensor, the liftgate will reverse
direction and open fully. The liftgate will remain
open until it is activated again or closed manually.
Manual Operation of Power Liftgate
To change the liftgate
to manual operation,
toggle the switch on the
overhead console to
the “Disable” position
indicated by a circle.
To open the liftgate, press the touchpad on the
handle on the outside of the liftgate, and lift
the gate open. To close the liftgate, use the pull
cup or pull strap to lower the liftgate and close.
The liftgate latch will power cinch to closed
position. Always close the liftgate before driving.
If the RKE button or the power close button on
the liftgate is pressed while power operation
is disabled, the lights will flash three times, but
the liftgate will not move.
When driving with the liftgate open, the power
liftgate should be switched to manual liftgate
operation — the overhead console switch set to
the “Disable” position.
Both the liftglass and liftgate have an electric
latch. If the battery is disconnected or has
low voltage, the liftglass and liftgate will not open.
The liftglass and liftgate will resume operation
when the battery is reconnected and charged.
With the power liftgate disabled and the door
unlocked, the power liftgate can be manually
opened and closed.
128
If the battery is properly connected and has
adequate voltage, and the liftgate or liftglass still
will not function, your vehicle should be taken to
a dealership for service.
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the
liftglass or liftgate open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into your
vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO.
It can cause unconsciousness and
even death.
If you must drive with the liftglass or
liftgate open, or if electrical wiring or
other cable connections must pass
through the seal between the body and
the liftglass or liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest speed
with the recirculation mode off. That
will force outside air into your vehicle.
See Dual Automatic Climate Control
System on page 212.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• If you have air outlets on or under
the instrument panel, open them
all the way.
• If your vehicle is equipped with a
power liftgate, disable the power
liftgate function.
See Engine Exhaust on page 153.
Do not drive with the liftgate open if at all possible.
(Continued)
129
Power Running Boards
Your vehicle may have power running boards.
These make getting into and out of the
vehicle easier.
The power running boards activate when either
door on the driver’s or passenger’s side is
opened or closed. They automatically extend
from beneath the vehicle on the side in which
the door has been opened. Once the door
is closed, the running boards will automatically
move back under the vehicle. The vehicle
must be stationary for the running boards
to extend or retract.
130
The switch used to
disable the power
running boards is
located on the center
console below the
climate control system.
The running boards cannot be disabled in the
extended position.
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome by
the extreme heat and suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a
pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
131
Express-Down Windows
Power Windows
The power window
controls are located
on each of the
side doors.
The driver and front passenger windows have an
express-down feature that allows the windows to
be lowered without holding the switch. Press down
fully on the window switch, then release, to activate
the express-down mode. The express-down mode
can be canceled at any time by pulling up on
the switch.
Window Lockout
Driver’s Side shown
The driver’s door has a switch for the passenger
and rear windows also. The power windows work
when the ignition has been turned to ACCESSORY
or RUN or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
is active. See Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
on page 139.
Press the switch to lower the window.
Pull up on the front edge of the switch to raise
the window.
132
o (Window Lockout): The window lockout
switch is located with the power window switches
on the driver’s door armrest. This feature prevents
the passenger windows from operating, except from
the driver’s position. Press the switch to turn on the
lockout feature. An indicator light will come on to
show the lockout feature is on. To turn the feature
off, press the switch again and the indicator light
will go off.
Sun Visors
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Pull the sun visor down to block glare. Detach
the sun visor from the center mount and slide it
along the rod from side-to-side to cover the driver
or passenger side of the front window. Swing
the sun visor to the side to cover the side window.
It can be moved along the rod from side-to-side
in this position also.
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some
cities. Although your vehicle has a number of
theft-deterrent features, we know that nothing
we put on it can make it impossible to steal.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Your vehicle has lighted visor vanity mirrors on
both the driver’s and passenger’s sun visors.
Pull the sun visor down and lift the mirror cover
to turn the lamps on.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle has a content theft-deterrent
alarm system.
This is the
security light.
To activate the theft-deterrent system, do the
following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the remote keyless
entry (RKE) transmitter. The security
light should come on and stay on.
3. Close all doors. The security light should
go off after about 30 seconds. The alarm
is not armed until the security light goes off.
133
If a locked door is opened without using the RKE
transmitter, a ten second pre-alarm will occur.
The horn will chirp and the lights will flash. If the
door is not unlocked by pressing the unlock button
on the remote keyless entry transmitter during
the ten second pre-alarm, the alarm will go off.
The headlamps and parking lamps will flash
for two minutes, and the horn will sound for
30 seconds, then will turn off to save the battery
power. You can choose different feedback options
for the alarm. See Driver Information Center
(DIC) on page 239 Driver Information Center (DIC).
Remember, the theft-deterrent system will not
activate if you lock the doors with a key, the manual
door lock, or the power door lock switch. It activates
only if you use the RKE transmitter. You should
also remember that you can start your vehicle with
the correct ignition key if the alarm has been set off.
Here is how to avoid setting off the alarm by
accident:
• If you do not want to activate the theft-deterrent
system, the vehicle should be locked with the
door key after the doors are closed.
• Always unlock a door with the RKE transmitter.
Unlocking a door any other way will set off
the alarm.
134
If you set off the alarm by accident, turn off the
alarm by pressing the unlock button on the
RKE transmitter. The alarm will not stop if you
try to unlock a door any other way.
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, lower the driver’s
window and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with
the RKE transmitter.
3. Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait
for the security light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the
door with the manual door lock and open the
door. This should set off the alarm.
While the alarm is set, the power door unlock
switch will not work.
If the alarm does not sound when it should but the
headlamps flash, check to see if the horn works.
The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse,
see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 503.
If the alarm does not sound or the headlamps
do not flash, the vehicle should be serviced
by your dealer.
PASS-Key® III+
The PASS-Key® III+ system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry
Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III+ uses a radio frequency
transponder in the key that matches a decoder
in your vehicle.
PASS-Key® III+ Operation
Your vehicle has PASS-Key® III+ (Personalized
Automotive Security System) theft-deterrent
system. PASS-Key® III+ is a passive theft-deterrent
system. This means you do not have to do anything
special to arm or disarm the system. It works when
you transition the key to RUN, ACCESSORY or
START from the OFF position.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system senses that
someone is using the wrong key, it prevents the
vehicle from starting. Anyone using a trial-and-error
method to start the vehicle will be discouraged
because of the high number of electrical key codes.
If the engine does not start and the security light
on the instrument panel comes on when trying to
start the vehicle, the key may have a damaged
transponder. Turn the ignition off and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key
appears to be undamaged, try another ignition key.
At this time, you may also want to check the fuse,
see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 503.
135
If the engine still does not start with the other key,
your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does
start, the first key may be faulty. See your dealer
who can service the PASS-Key® III+ to have a new
key made. In an emergency, contact Roadside
Assistance.
To program the new additional key do the following:
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+ decoder to
“learn” the transponder value of a new or
replacement key. Up to nine additional keys may
be programmed for the vehicle. The following
procedure is for programming additional keys only.
If all the currently programmed keys are lost or
do not operate, you must see your dealer or
a locksmith who can service PASS-Key® III+ to
have keys made and programmed to the system.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key
to OFF, and remove the key.
4. Insert the new key to be programmed and
turn it to the RUN position within five seconds
of removing the original key.
5. The security light will turn off once the key
has been programmed.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key blank that is
cut exactly as the ignition key that operates
the system.
1. Verify that the new key has a 1 stamped on it.
2. Insert the original, already programmed, key in
the ignition and start the engine. If the engine
will not start, see your dealer for service.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 5 if additional keys
are to be programmed.
If you are driving and the security light comes on
and stays on, you may be able to restart your
engine. Your PASS-Key® III+ system, however,
may not be working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer.
If you lose or damage your PASS-Key® III+ key,
see your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made.
136
Starting and Operating
Your Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an
elaborate break-in. But it will perform better
in the long run if you follow these guidelines:
• Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or
less for the first 500 miles (805 km).
• Do not drive at any one constant speed,
fast or slow, for the first 500 miles
(805 km). Do not make full-throttle starts.
Avoid downshifting to brake, or slow,
the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this
time your new brake linings are not yet
broken in. Hard stops with new linings
can mean premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new
brake linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in.
See Towing a Trailer on page 375 for
the trailer towing capabilities of your
vehicle and more information.
Following break-in, engine speed and load
can be gradually increased.
137
Ignition Positions
A (LOCK): This position locks the ignition and
transmission. It is a theft-deterrent feature. You will
only be able to remove the key when the ignition
is turned to LOCK.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break
the key. Use the correct key and turn the key
only with your hand. Make sure the key is all the
way in. If it is, turn the steering wheel left and
right while you turn the key hard. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
B (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers
when the engine is off.
Use the key to turn the ignition switch to four
different positions.
Notice: Lengthy operation of features such as
the radio in the accessory ignition position and
the RUN position may drain the battery and
prevent your vehicle from starting. Do not
operate your vehicle in the accessory ignition
position for a long period of time.
C (RUN): This is the position for driving. It is the
position the switch returns to after the engine
starts, and you release the key.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
138
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Your vehicle has a Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) feature which will allow certain features on
your vehicle to continue to work up to 10 minutes
after the ignition key is turned to LOCK.
The radio, power windows, and if equipped, the
sunroof and OnStar® System, will work when
the ignition key is in RUN or ACCESSORY.
Once the key is turned from RUN to LOCK,
these features will continue to work for up to
10 minutes or until a door is opened.
Starting the Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). Your engine will not start in
any other position — that is a safety feature.
To restart when you are already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage
the transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when
your vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go
down as your engine gets warm.
Your vehicle has a Computer-Controlled
Cranking System. This feature assists in
starting the engine and protects the electrical
system. If the ignition key is turned to the
START, and then released when the engine
begins cranking, the engine will continue
cranking until the vehicle starts or until
it exceeds the maximum cranking time allowed,
approximately 15 seconds to prevent cranking
motor damage. To prevent gear damage,
this system also prevents cranking if the
engine is already running. The engine cranking
can be stopped by turning the ignition switch
to the ACCESSORY or LOCK.
139
Notice: Cranking the engine for long periods
of time, by returning the key to the START
position immediately after cranking has ended,
can overheat and damage the cranking motor
and drain the battery. Waiting about 15 seconds
between each try, to allow the cranking motor
to cool down, will prevent damage due to
overheating.
2. If the engine does not start within 10 seconds,
push the accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor, while you hold the ignition key in
START. When the engine starts, let go of
the key and let up on the accelerator pedal.
Wait about 15 seconds between each try.
When starting your engine in very cold weather
(below 0°F or −18°C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START and hold it there
up to 15 seconds. When the engine starts,
let go of the key.
140
2. If your engine still will not start, or starts but
then stops, it could be flooded with too much
gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator
pedal all the way to the floor and holding it
there as you hold the key in START for about
three seconds. When the engine starts, let
go of the key and accelerator. If the vehicle
starts briefly but then stops again, do the
same thing, but this time keep the pedal down
for five or six seconds. This clears the extra
gasoline from the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work
with the electronics in your vehicle. If you add
electrical parts or accessories, you could
change the way the engine operates. Before
adding electrical equipment, check with your
dealer. If you do not, your engine might not
perform properly. Any resulting damage would
not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty.
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal
If your vehicle has this feature, you can change
the position of the throttle and brake pedals.
This feature is designed for shorter drivers,
since the pedals can not move farther away
from the standard position, but can move toward
the driver for better pedal reach.
The feature will not operate when the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R) or while using the cruise control.
The switch used to adjust the pedals is located
on the center console below the climate control
system.
Your vehicle has a memory function which allows
seat settings to be saved and recalled. See Memory
Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13 for more
information.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater can help. You will get
easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged
in a minimum of four hours prior to starting your
vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use
of the coolant heater is not required. Your vehicle
may also have an internal thermostat in the
plug end of the cord. This will prevent operation of
the engine coolant heater when the temperature
is at or above 0°F (−18°C) as noted on the cord.
Press the right and left arrows to move the pedals
either closer or further from your body.
141
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical
cord. The cord is located on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment, near
the power steering fluid reservoir.
3. Plug the cord into a normal, grounded
110-volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded
outlet could cause an electrical shock.
Also, the wrong kind of extension cord
could overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug the cord
into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will not
reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
142
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it
away from moving engine parts. If you do
not, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater
plugged in? The answer depends on the outside
temperature, the kind of oil you have, and
some other things. Instead of trying to list
everything here, we ask that you contact your
dealer in the area where you will be parking
your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best
advice for that particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
Your vehicle has a Hydra-Matic® 6L80 automatic
transmission, and has an electronic shift
position indicator within the instrument panel
cluster. The electronic shift position indicator
displays when the shift lever is moved out of
PARK (P). See Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 503.
There are several different positions for the
shift lever.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels.
It is the best position to use when you start
your engine because your vehicle cannot
move easily.
When parked on a hill, especially when the vehicle
has a heavy load, you may notice an increase
in the effort to shift out of PARK (P). See Torque
Lock (Automatic Transmission) under Shifting
Into Park (P) on page 150 for more information.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not
move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, always set your parking brake
and move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 150.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing
a Trailer on page 375.
143
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving forward could damage the
transmission. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Shift to REVERSE (R) only
after your vehicle is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out
of snow, ice, or sand without damaging your
transmission, see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 364.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does
not connect with the wheels. To restart when
you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is
being towed.
144
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine
is running at high speed is dangerous.
Unless your foot is firmly on the brake
pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Do not shift into a
drive gear while your engine is running at
high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) with the engine running at high
speed may damage the transmission. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not running at high
speed when shifting your vehicle.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving.
It provides the best fuel economy for your vehicle.
If you need more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push
your accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push
the accelerator all the way down.
By doing this, the vehicle shifts down to the next
gear and has more power.
DRIVE (D) can be used when towing a trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills,
or for off-road driving. You may want to shift the
transmission to a lower gear selection if the
transmission shifts too often.
Downshifting the transmission in slippery road
conditions could result in skidding, see Skidding
under Loss of Control on page 333.
MANUAL MODE (M): This position lets drivers
select the range of gears appropriate for current
driving conditions. If your vehicle has this feature,
see Driver Shift Control (DSC) later in this section.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the
vehicle in one place on a hill using only
the accelerator pedal may damage the
transmission. If you are stuck, do not spin
the tires. When stopping on a hill, use
the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Your vehicle has a shift stabilization feature that
adjusts the transmission shifting to the current
driving conditions in order to reduce rapid upshifts
and downshifts. This shift stabilization feature is
designed to determine, before making an upshift,
if the engine will be able to maintain vehicle speed
by analyzing things such as vehicle speed, throttle
position and vehicle load. If the shift stabilization
feature determines that a current vehicle speed
cannot be maintained, the tranmission does not
upshift and instead holds the current gear. In some
cases, this may appear to be a delayed shift,
however the tranmission is operating normally.
145
Your vehicle’s transmission uses adaptive shift
controls. Adaptive shift controls continually
compares key shift parameters to pre-programmed
ideal shifts stored in the transmissions computer.
The transmission constantly makes adjustments
to improve vehicle performance according to
how the vehicle is being used, such as with
a heavy load or when temperature changes.
During this adaptive shift controls process,
shifting may feel different as the transmission
determines the best settings.
When temperatures are very cold, the
Hydra-Matic® 6L80 automatic transmission’s gear
shifting may be delayed providing more stable
shifts until the engine warms up. Shifts may
be more noticeable with a cold transmission.
This difference in shifting is normal.
146
Driver Shift Control (DSC)
Your vehicle has a Driver Shift Control (DSC).
The DSC controls the vehicle’s transmission and
vehicle speed while driving down hill or towing
a trailer by allowing you to select a desired range
of gears.
To use this feature, do the following:
1. Move the shift lever to the MANUAL MODE (M).
2. Press the plus/minus button, to upshift or
downshift selecting the desired range of
gears for your current driving conditions.
This means that all gears below that number are
available. When FIFTH (5) is selected, FIRST (1)
through FIFTH (5) gears are automatically shifted
by the vehicle, but SIXTH (6) cannot be used until
the plus/minus button located on the steering
column lever is used to change to the gear.
When in the MANUAL MODE (M) a number will
display next to the M, indicating the current gear
that has been selected. The DIC display will show
the message MANUAL SHIFT on the first line and
the current gear will be displayed on the second
line. See Driver Information Center (DIC) on
page 239 and DIC Operation and Displays on
page 240 for more information. The number
displayed in the DIC is the highest gear that can be
used. However, your vehicle can automatically shift
to lower gears as it adjusts to driving conditions.
The transmission will prevent a gear range until a
speed that is appropriate for current driving
conditions is achieved. If shifting is prevented for
any reason, the current selected gear will flash
multiple times in the DIC.
Grade Braking is not available when the Driver Shift
Control is active. See Tow/Haul Mode on page 148
for more information.
While using the DSC, cruise control and the
tow/haul mode can be used.
147
Tow/Haul Mode
See Tow/Haul Mode Light on page 238 for more
information.
Also see “Tow Haul Mode” under Towing a Trailer
on page 375 for more information.
The tow/haul mode works with the Autoride®
feature, if the vehicle has this, to enhance the
ride when trailering or with a loaded vehicle.
See Autoride® on page 374.
Grade Braking
Your vehicle has a tow/haul mode. The tow/haul
mode adjusts the transmission shift pattern
to reduce shift cycling, providing increased
performance, vehicle control, and transmission
cooling when towing or hauling heavy loads.
Press the button located on the end of the shift
lever to turn the tow/haul on or off. When the
tow/haul is on, a light on the instrument panel
cluster will come on.
148
Grade Braking assists when driving on a downhill
grade. It maintains the vehicle’s speed by
automatically implementing a shift schedule that
uses the engine and the transmission to slow
the vehicle. This reduces wear on the brakes
system and increases control of the vehicle.
The system constantly monitors the vehicle’s
speed, acceleration, throttle position, and whether
the brake pedal is being pressed, and determines
when to keep the current vehicle speed or to
slow down. The system will then automatically
command downshifts that reduces the vehicles
speed, until the brake pedal is no longer
being pressed. This indicates the desired vehicle
speed has been reached.
The tow/haul mode and grade braking shift modes
can be activated by pressing the button on the end
of the shift control stalk. While in the DSC mode,
grade braking is deactivated, allowing the driver
to select a gear.
See Automatic Transmission Operation on
page 142 for more information.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot. Push down
the parking brake pedal with your left foot.
A chime will activate and the warning light will
flash when the parking brake is applied and
the vehicle is moving at least 3 mph (5 km/h)
for at least three seconds.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the bottom edge of the lever,
located above the parking brake pedal, with the
parking brake symbol, to release the parking brake.
If the ignition is on when the parking brake is
released, the brake system warning light will go off.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify
that the parking brake is fully released and the
brake warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any
hill, see Towing a Trailer on page 375.
149
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
use the steps that follow. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 375.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right
foot and set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position by pulling the shift lever toward
you and moving it up as far as it will go.
150
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the ignition key
in your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle
with the engine running. Your vehicle
could move suddenly if the shift lever is
not fully in PARK (P) with the parking
brake firmly set. And, if you leave the
vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or
others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P)
and the parking brake is firmly set before
you leave it. After you move the shift lever into
PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down.
Then, see if you can move the shift lever away
from PARK (P) without first pulling it toward you.
If you can, it means that the shift lever was
not fully locked into PARK (P).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you do not
shift your transmission into PARK (P) properly,
the weight of the vehicle may put too much
force on the parking pawl in the transmission.
You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever
out of PARK (P). This is called torque lock.
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake
and then shift into PARK (P) properly before
you leave the driver’s seat. To find out how,
see Shifting Into Park (P) on page 150.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to
have another vehicle push yours a little uphill
to take some of the pressure from the parking
pawl in the transmission, then you will be able to
pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift
lock control system which locks the shift lever
in PARK (P) when the ignition is in the LOCK.
You have to fully apply your regular brakes before
you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition
is in RUN. See Automatic Transmission Operation
on page 142.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure
on the shift lever and push the shift lever all
the way up into PARK (P) as you maintain brake
application. Then, move the shift lever into the
gear desired.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) before you release the
parking brake.
151
Parking Over Things That Burn
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot
exhaust parts under your vehicle and
ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves,
dry grass, or other things that can burn.
152
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system has
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the
gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you
cannot see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a
collision.
• Your vehicle was damaged when
driving over high points on the road
or over road debris.
CAUTION:
been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming
into your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows
down to blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
(Continued)
153
Running the Engine While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running.
But if you ever have to, here are some things
to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust
into your vehicle. See the earlier caution
under Engine Exhaust on page 153.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave
your vehicle when the engine is running
unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
always set your parking brake and move
the shift lever to PARK (P).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your
vehicle even if the climate control fan is
at the highest setting. One place this
can happen is a garage. Exhaust — with
CO — can come in easily. NEVER park
in a garage with the engine running.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle
will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 150.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 360.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 375.
154
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview
Mirror with Intellibeam™, OnStar®,
Compass, and Temperature Display
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming
rearview mirror with Intellibeam, OnStar®, compass
and temperature display. For more information on
OnStar®, see OnStar® System on page 163. For
more information on Intellibeam™, see “Intellibeam
Intelligent High-Beam Headlamp Control System”
under Exterior Lamps on page 197.
The mirror includes an eight-point compass display
in the upper right corner of the mirror face. When
on, the compass automatically calibrates as the
vehicle is driven. Outside temperature is also
shown in the display.
Automatic Dimming
Your vehicle is equipped with an inside automatic
dimming rearview mirror. The automatic dimming
feature is activated whenever the vehicle is turned
on and dims only during nighttime driving.
Compass Operation
AUTO 3: Press and hold the “auto highbeam”
button for approximately three seconds to turn
the compass/temperature display on or off.
When the ignition and the display features are
on, the display will show two character boxes for
about two seconds. After two seconds, the mirror
will display the compass heading and temperature.
Compass Calibration
If after two seconds the display does not show
the correct direction, (N for North for example),
there may be a strong magnetic field interfering
with the compass. Such interference may be
caused by a magnetic antenna mount, magnetic
note pad holder, or a similar magnetic item.
The compass can be placed in calibration
mode manually by pressing and holding the
“auto highbeam” button for approximately
nine seconds until CAL is shown in the
compass display.
The mirror can then be calibrated by driving
the vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less
until the display reads the correct direction.
155
Compass Variance
The mirror is set to zone eight upon leaving
the factory. It will be necessary to adjust the
compass to compensate for compass variance
if the vehicle is driven outside zone eight. Under
certain circumstances, such as a long distance,
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust
the compass variance.
Compass variance is the difference between
earth’s magnetic north and true geographic north.
If the mirror is not adjusted to account for zone
changes, the compass could give false readings.
To adjust for zone changes, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the zone map that follows.
156
2. Press and hold the “auto highbeam” button
approximately six seconds until a zone
number appears in the display.
3. Once the zone number appears in the display,
press the “auto highbeam” button quickly
until you reach the correct zone number. Stop
pressing the button and the mirror will return to
normal operation. If C appears in the compass
window, the compass needs calibration. See
“Compass Calibration” listed previously.
Outside Temperature
Outside temperature is shown in the mirror display.
Temperature will be displayed in Fahrenheit or
Celsius based on the choice of English or metric
in the vehicle’s configuration menu.
If an abnormal temperature reading is displayed
for an extended period of time, please consult
your dealer. Under certain circumstances, a
delay in updating the temperature is normal.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner.
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter
the mirror housing.
Automatic Dimming Rearview
Mirror with OnStar®, Compass
and Temperature Display
Your vehicle has this feature. When on, the
automatic dimming mirror dims to the proper level
to minimize glare from lights behind you after dark.
The mirror has a dual display in the upper right
corner of the mirror face that shows the compass
reading and the outside temperature.
Control buttons for the OnStar® system are at the
bottom of the mirror. See OnStar® System on
page 163 for more information about the services
OnStar® provides.
P (On/Off): This is the on/off button.
157
Temperature and Compass Display
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
Press the on/off button, located to the far
left, briefly to turn the compass/temperature
display on or off.
The automatic dimming mirror function is turned
on automatically each time the ignition is started.
To operate the automatic dimming mirror, do
the following:
If the display reads CAL, the compass needs
to be calibrated. For more information, see
“Compass Calibration” following.
To adjust between Fahrenheit and Celsius,
do the following:
1. Press and hold the on/off button for
approximately four seconds until either
a flashing F or C appears.
2. Press the button again to change the
display to the desired unit of measurement.
After approximately four seconds of inactivity,
the new unit will be locked in and the
compass/temperature display will return.
If an abnormal temperature reading is displayed
for an extended period of time, please see
your GM dealer. Under certain circumstances,
a delay in updating the temperature is normal.
158
1. Make sure the green indicator light, located
to the left of the on/off button, is lit. If it is
not, press and hold the on/off button for
approximately six seconds until the green
light comes on, indicating that the mirror is
in automatic dimming mode.
2. Turn off the automatic dimming mirror function
by pressing and holding the on/off button for
approximately six seconds, until the green
indicator light turns off.
Compass Variance
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass
to compensate for compass variance if the
vehicle is outside of zone eight. Under certain
circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust
for compass variance. Compass variance is
the difference between earth’s magnetic north
and true geographic north. If not adjusted to
account for compass variance, the compass could
give false readings.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance
zone number on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a Z
and a zone number appears in the display.
The compass is now in zone mode.
3. Keep pressing the on/off button until the
desired zone number appears in the display.
Release the button. After approximately
four seconds of inactivity, the new zone
number will be locked in and the compass/
temperature display will return.
4. Calibrate the compass as described next.
159
Compass Calibration
Cleaning the Mirror
The compass may need calibration if one of the
following occurs:
• After approximately five seconds, the display
does not show a compass heading, N for
North, for example, there may be a strong
magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad
holder, or a similar magnetic item.
• The compass does not display the correct
heading and the compass zone variance
is set correctly.
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner.
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter
the mirror housing.
In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in
the mirror compass windows. If CAL is not
displayed, push the on/off button for approximately
12 seconds or until CAL is displayed.
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors
If your vehicle is
equipped with outside
power foldaway mirrors,
the controls are
located on the driver’s
door armrest.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the
vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until
the display reads a direction.
• Press (A) to select the driver’s side mirror.
Then press the arrows located on the
four-way control pad to adjust the mirror.
Press (A) again to deselect the mirror.
160
• Press (B) to select the passenger’s side
• The mirrors will not stay in the unfolded
mirror. Then press the arrows located on
the four-way control pad to adjust the mirror.
Press (B) again to deselect the mirror.
• Press (C), to fold the mirrors out to the
driving position.
• Press (D) to fold the mirrors in to the
folded position.
position.
• The mirrors shake and flutter at normal
driving speeds.
To reset the power foldaway mirrors, fold and
unfold them one time using the mirror controls.
This will reset them to their normal position.
This mirror has the following features.
If the mirrors are accidentally folded/unfolded
manually, they may shake or flutter at normal
driving speeds and may not stay in the unfolded
position. If this happens, you will need to reset
the mirrors. See “Resetting the Power Foldaway
Mirrors” next.
The driver’s outside mirror will adjust for the glare
of the headlamps behind you. See Automatic
Dimming Rearview Mirror with OnStar®, Compass
and Temperature Display on page 157.
Resetting the Power Foldaway Mirrors
Curb View Assist
You will need to reset the power foldaway mirrors
if the following occurs:
• The mirrors are accidentally obstructed
while folding.
• They are accidentally manually
folded/unfolded.
If your vehicle has the memory package, the
outside mirrors are able to perform the curb view
assist mirror function. This feature may be useful in
allowing the driver to view the curb when parallel
parking. This feature will cause the passenger’s
and/or driver’s mirror to tilt to a preselected position
when the vehicle is in REVERSE (R).
Automatic Dimming
161
The passenger’s and/or driver’s mirror will
return to its original position when the vehicle
is shifted out of REVERSE (R), or the ignition
is turned off or to LOCK.
This feature can be turned on or off through
the Driver Information Center (DIC). See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 239.
Heated Mirrors
The button to turn the heated mirrors on or off
is located on the climate control panel. Press
this button to warm the driver’s and passenger’s
outside rearview mirrors to help clear them of
ice, snow, and condensation.
See “Rear Window Defogger” under Dual
Automatic Climate Control System on page 212
for more information.
Convex Mirror
The passenger’s side mirror may have convex
glass. A convex mirror’s surface is curved so
more can be seen from the driver’s seat.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like
other vehicles) look farther away than
they really are. If you cut too sharply
into the right lane, you could hit a vehicle
on your right. Check your inside mirror
or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Your vehicle may also have a turn signal indicator
on the mirror. An arrow on the mirror will flash
in the direction of the turn or lane change.
162
OnStar® System
OnStar® uses several innovative technologies and
live advisors to provide you with a wide range
of safety, security, information, and convenience
services. If your airbags deploy, the system is
designed to make an automatic call to OnStar®
Emergency where we can request emergency
services be sent to your location. If you lock your
keys in the car, call OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
and they can send a signal to unlock your
doors. If you need roadside assistance, press
the OnStar® button and they can contact
Roadside Service for you.
A complete OnStar® Owner’s Guide and the
Terms and Conditions of the OnStar® Subscription
Service Agreement are included in the vehicle’s
OnStar® Subscriber Information packet located
in your vehicle. For more information, visit
www.onstar.com or www.onstar.ca, contact
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827),
or press the OnStar® button to speak with an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
OnStar® Services
For new vehicles equipped with OnStar®, the
Directions & Connections Plan is included for
one year from the date of purchase. You can
extend this plan beyond the first year to meet your
needs. For more information, press the OnStar®
button to speak with an advisor.
163
Directions & Connections Plan
• Advanced Automatic Crash Notification
• Automatic Notification of Airbag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Location Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle Alert
• OnStar® Vehicle Diagnostics
• OnStar® Hands-Free Calling
• OnStar® Virtual Advisor
• Driving Directions
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
164
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling allows OnStar®
subscribers to make and receive calls using voice
commands at the touch of a button. Hands-Free
Calling is fully integrated into the vehicle, and
may be used with Pre-Paid Minute Packages or
linked to a cell phone through OnStar® Shared
Minutes Plan. To find out more, refer to the
OnStar® Owner’s Guide, visit www.onstar.com
or www.onstar.ca, or speak with an OnStar®
advisor by pressing the OnStar® button or
calling 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
Your vehicle may have Virtual Advisor. It is a
feature of OnStar® Hands-Free Calling that uses
your minutes to access weather, local traffic
reports and stock quotes. By pressing the
phone button and giving a few simple voice
commands, you can browse through the various
topics. Customize your information profile at
www.myonstar.com. See the OnStar® Owner’s
guide for more information.
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls
Your vehicle may
be equipped with a
Talk/Mute button
that can be used to
interact with OnStar®.
Universal Home Remote
System
See Audio Steering Wheel Controls on page 313
for more information.
When calling into voice mail systems or to dial
directory numbers, press the control, wait for the
“number please” response, say the number(s)
to be dialed, wait for the number(s) to be repeated
and then say “dial.” See the OnStar® Owner’s
Guide for more information.
The Universal Home Remote System, a combined
universal transmitter and receiver, provides a
way to replace up to three hand-held transmitters
used to activate devices such as gate operators,
garage door openers, entry door locks, security
systems, and home lighting.
165
If your vehicle has the Universal Home Remote
Transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by
other than an authorized service facility could
void authorization to use this equipment.
166
Universal Home Remote System
Operation
Do not use the Universal Home Remote with any
garage door opener that does not have the stop
and reverse feature. This includes any garage door
opener model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
If you have a newer garage door opener with rolling
codes, please be sure to follow Steps 6 through 8 to
complete the programming of your Universal Home
Remote Transmitter.
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the Universal Home Remote. Because
of the steps involved, it may be helpful to have
another person available to assist you in the
programming steps.
Keep the original hand-held transmitter for use in
other vehicles as well as for future Universal Home
Remote programming. It is also recommended that
upon the sale of the vehicle, the programmed
Universal Home Remote buttons should be erased
for security purposes. See “Erasing Universal
Home Remote Buttons” later in this section or,
for assistance, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 540.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the
garage door or gate operator you are programming.
When programming a garage door, it is advised to
park outside of the garage.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter
about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from
the Universal Home Remote buttons
while keeping the indicator light in view.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed in
your hand-held transmitter for quicker and more
accurate transmission of the radio-frequency signal.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the
desired Universal Home Remote button
and the hand-held transmitter button.
Do not release the buttons until Step 4
has been completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers
may require you to substitute Step 3 with
the procedure noted in “Gate Operator and
Canadian Programming” later in this section.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and
then rapidly after Universal Home Remote
successfully receives the frequency signal
from the hand-held transmitter. Release
both buttons.
Programming Universal Home Remote
Follow these steps to program up to three channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside Universal
Home Remote buttons, releasing only when
the Universal Home Remote indicator light
begins to flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold
down the buttons for longer than 30 seconds
and do not repeat this step to program a
second and/or third hand-held transmitter to
the remaining two Universal Home Remote
buttons.
167
5. Press and hold the newly-trained Universal
Home Remote button and observe the
indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device
should activate when the Universal Home
Remote button is pressed and released.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 under
“Programming Universal Home Remote.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all
of the programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for
two seconds and then turns to a constant
light, continue with Steps 6 through 8 following
to complete the programming of a rolling-code
equipped device, most commonly, a garage
door opener.
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door
opener receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the
“Learn” or “Smart” button. This can usually
be found where the hanging antenna wire is
attached to the motor-head unit.
168
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or
“Smart” button. The name and color of
the button may vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and
hold the programmed Universal Home
Remote button for two seconds, then release.
Repeat the press/hold/release sequence a
second time, and depending on the brand
of the garage door opener, or other rolling
code device, repeat this sequence a third time
to complete the programming.
The Universal Home Remote should now
activate your rolling-code equipped device.
To program the remaining two Universal
Home Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 of
“Programming Universal Home Remote.”
You do not want to repeat Step 1, as this will
erase all previous programming from the
Universal Home Remote buttons.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to time out or quit after several seconds
of transmission. This may not be long enough
for Universal Home Remote to pick up the signal
during programming. Similarly, some U.S. gate
operators are manufactured to time out in
the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator or garage door
opener by using the “Programming Universal
Home Remote” procedures, regardless of where
you live, replace Step 3 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the Universal Home
Remote button while you press and release every
two seconds (cycle) the hand-held transmitter
button until the frequency signal has been
successfully accepted by the Universal Home
Remote. The Universal Home Remote indicator
light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” to complete.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate Universal Home
Remote button for at least half of a second.
The indicator light will come on while the signal
is being transmitted.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
To erase programming from the three Universal
Home Remote buttons do the following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons
until the indicator light begins to flash, after
20 seconds. Do not hold the two outside
buttons for longer than 30 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
The Universal Home Remote is now in the training
(learning) mode and can be programmed at any
time beginning with Step 2 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” shown earlier in
this section.
Individual buttons cannot be erased, but they
can be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming
a Single Universal Home Remote Button”
following this section.
169
Reprogramming a Single Universal
Home Remote Button
Storage Areas
To program a device to Universal Home Remote
using a Universal Home Remote button
previously trained, follow these steps:
Glove Box
1. Press and hold the desired Universal Home
Remote button. Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the Universal
Home Remote button, proceed with
Step 2 under “Programming Universal
Home Remote” shown earlier in this section.
For additional information on Universal Home
Remote, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 540.
170
Open the glove box by pulling the bottom of the
handle upward. Use the key to lock and unlock.
Cupholder(s)
Your vehicle is equipped with cupholders for
the front and rear passengers. The cupholders
are located in the center console for the front
passengers and on the rear of the center console
for the rear passengers. To use the front
cupholders, press down on the access door
release. The door will then open. Push the door
pack down to close it. The front cupholder may
be removed for cleaning by pushing down
and then back on the cupholder.
Center Console Storage Area
Your vehicle has a console compartment between
the bucket seats.
The console has both an upper and lower storage
bin accessed by lifting up on the latches located
at the front of the console lid.
The console may be equipped with an accessory
power outlet inside. See Accessory Power
Outlet(s) on page 210.
The rear of the console also has a cupholder that
swings down for the rear seat passengers to use.
To access the cupholders in the rear floor console,
pull downward on the lid.
Assist Handles
Your vehicle is equipped with assist handles to
be used when getting out of the vehicle. They
are located above the rear passenger doors.
Pull down to use.
Garment Hooks
There are garment hooks located on the
assist handles.
171
Luggage Carrier
If you have the luggage carrier, you can load
things on top of your vehicle.
The luggage carrier has siderails attached to the
roof and crossrails, if equipped, which can be
moved back and forth to help secure cargo.
To adjust, turn the knob located at each end of
the crossrail counter clockwise until the crossrail
can move freely. To secure the crossrail, turn
the knob located at the end of the crossrail
clockwise until tightened. Tie the load to the
siderails or siderail supports.
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier
that weighs more than 200 lbs (91 kg) or hangs
over the rear or sides of the vehicle may
damage your vehicle. Load cargo so that it rests
as far forward as possible and against the side
rails, making sure to fasten it securely.
Do not exceed the maximum vehicle capacity
when loading your vehicle. For more information
on vehicle capacity and loading, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 366.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you
are leaving, check now and then to make sure
the luggage and cargo are still securely fastened.
172
Be sure the cargo is properly loaded.
• If small heavy objects are placed on the roof,
place the load in the area over the rear wheels
(behind the rear side door on extended
models). If you need to, cut a piece of 3/8 inch
plywood to fit inside the crossrails and siderails
to spread the load. If plywood is used, tie it to
the siderail supports.
• Tie the load to the crossrails or the siderail
supports. Use the crossrails only to keep the
load from sliding. To move the crossrails, pull
out on the latch release handle at each end.
Slide the crossrail to the desired position
balancing the force side to side. Push the
release handle back into the latched position
and slide the crossrail back and forth slightly to
be sure the latch snaps securely into place.
• If you need to carry long items, move the
crossrails as far apart as they will go. Tie the
load to the crossrails and the siderails or
siderail supports. Also tie the load to the
bumpers. Do not tie the load so tightly that
the crossrails or siderails are damaged.
• After moving a crossrail, be sure it is securely
locked into the siderail.
Your vehicle has a Center High-Mounted
Stoplamp (CHMSL) located above the glass
or above the rear load doors.
If items are loaded on the roof of the vehicle,
care should be taken not to block or damage
the CHMSL unit.
Rear Storage Area
Your vehicle may have a storage compartment
located in the rear cargo area of the vehicle in
the driver’s side trim panel.
To open the utility compartment, turn the knobs
and swing the compartment door open. The
compartment door can be removed.
Rear Seat Armrest
Your vehicle’s second row seat may have an
armrest/storage compartment.
Pull the loop at the top of the armrest out to
lower the armrest.
To open the compartment, if equipped, push the
button on the front of the armrest and pull the
top open.
Convenience Net
The convenience net (if equipped) in the rear of
your vehicle helps to keep small loads in place
during sharp turns or quick stops and starts.
The net is not designed for larger, heavier items.
To install the net, attach the hooks to the
raised cargo tie downs. Then, attach the cord
loops to the button retainers in the side trim.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat
when you’re not using it.
173
Cargo Cover
{CAUTION:
An improperly stored cargo cover could be
thrown about the vehicle during a collision
or sudden maneuver. You or others could
be injured. If you remove the cover, always
store it in the proper storage location.
When you put it back, always be sure that
it is securely reattached.
If you have a cargo cover, you can use it to cover
items in the cargo area of your vehicle.
To use the cover, do the following:
1. Pull the cover handle toward the rear of
the vehicle.
2. Latch the cover posts into the retaining
sockets on the cargo area trim panels.
174
To return the cover to the retracted position,
do the following:
1. Pull up on the cover handle to release the
cover posts from the retaining sockets.
2. Let the cover move forward to the full
retracted position.
To remove the cover, from a regular wheelbase
model, do the following:
1. Let the cover go all the way into the holder.
2. Then, grasping the driver’s side cover endcap,
push the cover endcap toward the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
3. Swing the cover rearward and take it out of
the vehicle.
To put the cover in the vehicle, do the following:
1. Make sure the cover slot in the holder
faces rearward with the round surface
facing down.
2. Then, hold the cover at an angle and
place the cover endcap into the slot in
the passenger’s side trim panel.
3. Move the other end of the cover forward
and hold it next to the driver’s side trim
panel slot.
4. Press the endcaps in, this will allow the
cover to fit into the trim slot.
5. Lightly pull on the cover holder to make
sure it is secure.
On the extended wheelbase models there
are two cover positions. The slots furthest
forward allow the cover to be used if the
third seat is removed or folded down.
The cover can be installed and removed
from either side.
Cargo Tie Downs
Your vehicle may be
equipped with cargo tie
downs in the rear
cargo area that allow
you to strap cargo
in and keep it from
moving inside the
vehicle.
When not using the tie downs, flip them down out
of the way.
175
Cargo Management System
The cargo management system can be positioned
on the upper or lower horizontal guides.
Your vehicle may be equipped with a cargo
management system. It can be used for storing
and separating cargo and as a table. The
maximum load is 200 lbs. (91 kg) distributed.
It is located in the rear of the vehicle on upper or
lower horizontal guides. There are two vertical
curved guides that connect the upper and
lower horizontal guides together. The system has
three rollers on each side. The system will be
equipped with either a release lever, located in
the middle handle, or a tab located on the
side. These engage and disengage a locator pin.
These are used in adjusting and positioning
the system.
To adjust the system from the upper guide to the
lower guide, do the following:
1. Squeeze and hold the release lever, or slide
the tab towards the inside of the vehicle,
to retract the locator pin.
2. Pull the system back until the front rollers
reach the vertical curved guides.
176
3. Lower the front rollers to the lower guides and
pull the system back until the middle set of
rollers clear the upper guides.
4. Lower the system until the middle rollers are
lined up with lower guides. While holding in
the release lever or tab, push the system
forward until all three sets of rollers are on
the guides.
5. Release the lever or tab and push the system
until the locator pin reaches the locator hole.
To adjust the system from the lower guide to the
upper guide, do the following:
1. Squeeze and hold the release lever, or slide
the tab towards the inside of the vehicle,
to retract the locator pin.
2. Pull the system back until the middle rollers
can be raised and placed into the upper
guides.
3. Push the system forward until the front rollers
are lined up with the vertical curved guides.
4. Push down on the rear of the system and
raise the front rollers up the vertical curved
guides.
5. Push the system forward until all three sets of
rollers are resting on the guides and release
the lever or tab.
6. Push the system forward until the locator pin
reaches the locator hole.
The cargo management system can be pulled out
and used as a table on both the upper and
lower guide. To use a table, squeeze the release
lever and pull the system towards you. Release
the lever and pull the system until the locator pin
reaches the next hole. The system will extend
out of the vehicle. The liftgate can not be closed
in this position. Do not the operate the vehicle
with liftgate open.
The cargo management system can be removed
from the vehicle. This procedure should be
completed by two people. While squeezing the
release lever, pull the system back until the
rollers clear the guides.
177
On one side of the system is a retractable
storage area.
To access, pull the handle in the center of the
system up.
Slide the hinge covers to the center of each side.
This will keep the sides of the storage system
stationary allowing it to stay upright. Inside the
system are two removable dividers. To remove,
unhook the loops at the ends of each divider.
When not in use, slide the hinge covers back and
the storage system will fold back down. Press
down on the storage cover to lock it into place.
On the opposite side of the system are
two cupholders.
178
Sunroof
Your vehicle may be equipped with a power
sliding sunroof. To open or close the sunroof,
the ignition needs to be turned to ON, or Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) must be active. When
RAP is active, the sunroof will work for 10 minutes
after the ignition is turned off, or until a front
door is opened. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 139 for more information.
There are two switches
in the overhead
console that operate
the sunroof.
Manual-Open/Manual-Close: To open the
sunroof press and hold the rear of the driver’s
side switch until the sunroof reaches the desired
position. To close the sunroof, press and hold
the front of the driver’s side switch until the sunroof
reaches the desired position. The sunshade will
open automatically with the sunroof, but can
also be opened manually.
When the sunroof is opened, an air deflector will
automatically raise. The air deflector will retract
when the sunroof is closed.
Express-Open/Express-Close: To express-open
the sunroof, fully press and release the rear of
the driver’s side switch. The sunroof will open
automatically. To stop the sunroof partway, press
the switch a second time. To express-close
the sunroof, fully press and release the front of
the driver’s side switch. The sunroof will close
automatically. To stop the sunroof partway, press
the switch a second time. The sunshade will
open automatically with the sunroof, but can
also be opened manually.
179
When the sunroof is opened, an air deflector will
automatically raise. The air deflector will retract
when the sunroof is closed.
Vent: From the closed position, press the rear of
the passenger’s side switch to vent the sunroof.
To stop the sunroof partway, press the switch
a second time. To close the sunroof, press and
hold the front of the passenger’s side switch.
To stop the sunroof partway, release the switch.
180
Anti-Pinch Feature: If an object is in the path
of the sunroof while it is closing, the anti-pinch
feature will detect the object and stop the sunroof
from closing at the point of the obstruction.
The sunroof will then open halfway, and the air
deflector will raise. To close the sunroof once
it has re-opened, refer to the “Express-Close” or
“Manual-Close” functions described previously.
If the sunroof is in the vent position, and there
is an object in the path of the sunroof when
it closing, the anti-pinch feature will detect the
object and stop the sunroof. To close the sunroof
once it has re-opened, refer to the “Manual-Close”
or “Express-Close” functions described previously.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview .........................184
Hazard Warning Flashers ...........................186
Other Warning Devices ..............................186
Horn ...........................................................186
Tilt Wheel ..................................................187
Heated Steering Wheel ..............................187
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ...................188
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ..................188
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ...........189
Windshield Wipers ......................................190
Rainsense™ II Wipers ................................191
Windshield Washer .....................................192
Rear Window Wiper/Washer .......................193
Cruise Control ............................................194
Exterior Lamps ...........................................197
Headlamps on Reminder ............................202
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ..................202
Automatic Headlamp System ......................203
Fog Lamps .................................................204
Instrument Panel Brightness .......................204
Dome Lamps .............................................204
Dome Lamp Override .................................205
Entry Lighting .............................................205
Exit Lighting ...............................................205
Reading Lamps ..........................................205
Battery Run-Down Protection ......................205
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) .........206
Accessory Power Outlet(s) .........................210
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter .................211
Analog Clock ..............................................211
Climate Controls ..........................................212
Dual Automatic Climate Control System ........212
Outlet Adjustment .......................................217
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating System
and Electronic Climate Controls ................218
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ......220
Instrument Panel Cluster ............................221
Speedometer and Odometer .......................222
Trip Odometer ............................................222
Tachometer ................................................222
Safety Belt Reminder Light .........................223
181
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light .......223
Airbag Readiness Light ..............................224
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ..............225
Charging System Light ...............................227
Brake System Warning Light ......................228
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .......229
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ..........................230
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage .............230
Tire Pressure Light .....................................231
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .........................232
Oil Pressure Light ......................................236
Security Light .............................................236
Fog Lamp Light ..........................................237
Lights On Reminder ...................................237
Cruise Control Light ...................................237
Highbeam On Light ....................................237
Tow/Haul Mode Light .................................238
Fuel Gage ..................................................238
Low Fuel Warning Light .............................239
182
Driver Information Center (DIC) ..................239
DIC Operation and Displays .......................240
DIC Warnings and Messages .....................245
DIC Vehicle Customization .........................254
Audio System(s) ..........................................265
Setting the Time .........................................267
Radio with CD and DVD ............................268
XM Radio Messages ..................................297
Navigation/Radio System ............................299
Rear Seat Entertainment System ................299
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ..............................310
Theft-Deterrent Feature ..............................312
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ...................313
Radio Reception .........................................314
Care of Your CDs and DVDs .....................315
Care of the CD and DVD Player ................315
Rear Side Window Antenna .......................315
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........316
Chime Level Adjustment .............................316
✍ NOTES
183
Instrument Panel Overview
United States version shown; Canada similar.
184
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on
page 217.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 188.
C. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 221.
D. Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 186.
E. Shift Lever and Range Selection Mode. See
Automatic Transmission Operation on
page 142.
F. Tow/Haul Selector Button. See Tow/Haul Mode
on page 148.
G. Driver Information Center Controls. See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 239.
H. Analog Clock. See Analog Clock on page 211.
I. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on
page 265.
J. StabiliTrak® Button. See StabiliTrak® System
on page 326. Rear Park Aid Disable Button.
See Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
on page 206.
K. Tilt Wheel Lever. See Tilt Wheel on page 187.
L. Exterior Lamps Control. See Exterior Lamps
on page 197.
M. Dome Lamp Override Button. See Dome Lamp
Override on page 205.
N. Cruise Control Buttons. See Audio Steering
Wheel Controls on page 313.
O. Horn. See Horn on page 186.
P. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio
Steering Wheel Controls on page 313.
Q. Dual Automatic Climate Controls. See Dual
Automatic Climate Control System on
page 212.
R. Pedal Adjust Button. See Adjustable Throttle
and Brake Pedal on page 141. Heated
Windshield Washer Fluid Button. See
Windshield Washer on page 192. Power
Running Boards Disable Button (If Equipped).
See Power Running Boards on page 130.
S. Glove box. See Glove Box on page 170.
185
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
The hazard warning flashers warn others.
They also let police know you have a problem.
Your front and rear turn signal lamps will flash
on and off.
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them
up at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m)
behind your vehicle.
The hazard warning
flasher button is
located on top of the
steering column.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
ignition position the key is in, and even if the
key is not in the ignition.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button
again to turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your
turn signals will not work.
186
Horn
To sound the horn, press the center pad on the
steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
Heated Steering Wheel
Your vehicle has a tilt wheel, that lets you adjust
the steering wheel before driving. Raising it to
the highest level gives more room to exit and enter
your vehicle.
Your vehicle may have a heated steering wheel.
The button for this
feature is located on
the left side of the
steering wheel.
Press the button to turn the heated steering wheel
on or off. A light on the button will display while
the feature is on.
The steering wheel will take about three minutes
to start heating.
The tilt steering wheel lever is located on the
lower left side of the column.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull
the lever. Then move the steering wheel to a
comfortable position and release the lever to lock
the wheel in place.
187
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
• 5 Rear Wiper Delay. See Rear Window
Wiper/Washer on page 193.
• Z Rear Wiper. See Rear Window
Wiper/Washer on page 193.
• = Rear Wiper Wash. See Rear Window
Wiper/Washer on page 193.
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
• GTurn and Lane Change Signals. See
Turn and Lane-Change Signals on page 188.
• 53Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
on page 189.
• NWindshield Wipers. See Windshield Wipers
on page 190.
• LWindshield Washer. See Windshield
Washer on page 192.
188
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up
or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
To signal a lane change, raise or lower the
lever for less than one second until the arrow
starts to flash. This will cause the turn signals
to automatically flash three times. It will
flash six times if tow-haul mode is active.
Holding the turn signal lever for more than
one second will cause the turn signals to flash
until you release the lever. The lever will return
by itself when it is released.
An arrow on the
instrument panel
cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than
3/4 of a mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound at
each flash of the turn signal and the message
TURN SIGNAL ON will also appear in the DIC.
To turn the chime and message off, move the
turn signal lever to the off position.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
53 (Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer):
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the
arrows flash more quickly than normal, a signal
bulb may be burned out and other drivers will
not see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when
you signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and
a blown fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 503.
To change the headlamps from low to high beam,
push the lever toward the instrument panel.
To return to low-beam headlamps, pull the
multifunction lever toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this indicator
light on the instrument
panel cluster will
also be on.
189
Windshield Wipers
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they are frozen to
the windshield, gently loosen or thaw them.
Damaged wiper blades may not clear the
windshield well, making it harder to see and
drive safely. If the blades do become damaged,
install new blades or blade inserts. For more
information, see Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement on page 448.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it
cools down. Clear away snow or ice to prevent
an overload.
You control the windshield wipers by turning the
band with the wiper symbol on it.
8(Mist): For a single wiping cycle, turn the
band to mist. Hold it there until the wipers start.
Then let go. The wipers will stop after one wipe.
If you want more wipe cycles, hold the band
on mist longer.
N (Delay): You can set the wiper speed for a
long or short delay between wiping cycles.
This can be very useful in light rain or snow.
Turn the band to choose the delay time. The closer
to the top of the lever, the shorter the delay.
6 (Low Speed): For steady wiping at
low speed, turn the band away from you to the
first solid band past the delay settings.
1 (High Speed): For high-speed wiping,
turn the band further, to the second solid band
past the delay settings.
9 (Off): To stop the wipers, move the band
to off.
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Rainsense™ II Wipers
Your vehicle has Rainsense™ II windshield
wipers. These wipers automatically turn on when
a sensor, mounted next to the inside rearview
mirror, detects moisture on the windshield.
When active, these wipers are able to detect
moisture on the windshield and automatically
turn on the wipers.
To turn on the Rainsense™ feature, the wipers
must be set to one of the five delay settings.
Each of the five settings adjusts the sensitivity
of the rainsensor.
Since different drivers have different setting
preferences, it is recommended that the mid-range
setting, position three, be used initially. For more
wipes, select the higher settings; for fewer
wipes, select the lower settings located closer
to the off position on the multifunction lever.
The rainsensor will automatically control the
frequency of the wipes from off to high speed
according to the weather conditions. The wipers
can be left in a Rainsense™ mode even when
it is not raining.
When Rainsense™ II is active, the headlamps
will turn on automatically after approximately
eight wipes. The headlamps will turn off if the wiper
switch is set to a delay position, and there have
been no wipes for approximately three minutes, or
if the wiper switch is turned to the off position.
If it is dark outside, the headlamps will remain on.
Notice: Going through an automatic car
wash with the wipers on can damage them.
Turn the wipers off when going through
an automatic car wash.
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Windshield Washer
The button is located in
the switchbank under
the climate controls.
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
L (Washer Fluid): There is a paddle marked
with the windshield washer symbol at the top of the
multifunction lever. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle. The wipers will
clear the window and then either stop or return to
your preset speed.
Heated Windshield Washer
The heated windshield washer fluid system may
be used to help clear ice, snow, tree sap, or bugs
from your windshield.
192
Push the heated washer fluid button while the
ignition is turned on to activate the heated
windshield washer fluid system. The indicator light
will flash. This activation will initiate four heated
wash/wipe cycles. The first heated wash/wipe cycle
may take up to 40 seconds to occur, depending on
outside temperature. After the first wash/wipe cycle,
it may take up to 20 seconds for each of the
remaining cycles to begin. Press the button again to
turn off the heated windshield washer fluid system
or it will automatically turn off after four wash/wipe
cycles have been completed.
When the heated windshield washer fluid system
is activated under certain outside temperature
conditions, steam may flow out of the washer
nozzles for a short period of time before washer
fluid is sprayed. This is a normal condition.
Rear Window Wiper/Washer
9 (Off): To turn the wiper off, slide the lever to
this setting.
{CAUTION:
5 (Rear Wiper Delay): To turn on the rear wiper
delay, slide the lever to this setting.
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
Z (Rear Wiper): To turn on the rear wiper,
The rear wiper control is located on the turn
signal/multifunction lever.
To turn the rear wiper on, slide the lever to a
wiper position.
slide the lever to this setting.
=(Rear Wiper Wash): To turn on the rear wiper
wash, push the button on the end of the turn
signal/multifunction lever to spray washer fluid on
the rear window. The wipers will clear the rear
window and either stop or return to your preset
speed. For more washer cycles, press and
hold the button.
The rear window wiper/washer will not operate if the
liftgate or liftglass is open or ajar. If the liftgate or
liftglass is opened while the rear wiper is on, the
wiper will return to the parked position and stop.
193
Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you cannot drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
excessive wheel slip, and you could lose
control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed
of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can
really help on long trips. Cruise control does not
work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, cruise control
is turned off.
194
If your vehicle has the StabiliTrak® system and
begins to limit wheel spin while you are using
cruise control, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. See StabiliTrak® System on page 326.
When road conditions allow you to safely use it
again, you may turn the cruise control back on.
The cruise control
buttons are located
on left side of the
steering wheel.
T (On/Off): This button can both activate
and turn off the system. The indicator light is
on when cruise control is on and turns off when
cruise control is off.
+ RES (Resume/Accelerate): Press this button
to make the vehicle accelerate or resume to
a previously set speed.
SET − (Set): Press this button to set the speed
or make the vehicle decelerate.
[ (Cancel): Press this button to cancel cruise
control without erasing the set speed from
memory.
Setting Cruise Control
Cruise control will not work if your parking brake is
set, or if the master cylinder brake fluid level is low.
The cruise control light on the instrument panel
cluster will come on after the cruise control
has been set to the desired speed.
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when
you are not using cruise, you might hit a
button and go into cruise when you do
not want to. You could be startled and
even lose control. Keep the cruise control
switch off until you want to use cruise
control.
1. Press the cruise control On/Off button.
2. Get up to the desired speed you want.
3. Press the SET− button located on the
steering wheel and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator.
195
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This shuts off
the cruise control. But you do not need to reset it.
Once you are driving about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more, press the +RES button on your steering
wheel. The vehicle will go back to the previous
set speed and stay there.
Increasing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
To increase the cruise speed while using
cruise control:
• Press and hold the +RES button on the
steering wheel until you reach your new
desired speed, then release it.
• To increase vehicle speed in small increments,
press the +RES button. Each time you do this,
you will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
196
Reducing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
To reduce your speed while using cruise control:
• Press and hold the SET– button on the
steering wheel until the desired lower speed
is reached, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, press
the SET– button on the steering wheel
briefly. Each time you do this, the vehicle
will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your
vehicle will slow down to the previous set cruise
speed.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills
depends upon your speed, load, and the
steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills,
you may have to step on the accelerator pedal
to maintain the vehicle’s speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower
gear to keep the vehicle’s speed down. Of course,
applying the brake takes you out of cruise
control. Many drivers find this to be too much
trouble and do not use cruise control on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are three ways to end cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal.
• Press the cancel button on the steering wheel.
• Press the On/Off button on the steering wheel.
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamps
control is located on
the instrument panel
to the left of the
steering wheel.
It controls the following systems:
• Headlamps
• Taillamps
• Parking Lamps
• License Plate Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
197
The exterior lamps control has four positions:
9 (Off): Turn the control to this position to
turn off the automatic headlamps and daytime
running lamps (DRL). Turning the headlamp
control to the off position again will turn the
automatic headlamps or DRL back on.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, the off position
will only work when the vehicle is shifted into
the PARK (P) position.
AUTO (Automatic): Turn the control to this
position to set the headlamps to automatically
turn on at normal brightness, together with
the following:
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
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; (Parking Lamps): Turn the control to this
position to turn on the parking lamps together with
the following:
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
2 (Headlamps): Turn the control to this position
to turn on the headlamps together with the
following lamps listed below.
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
IntellliBeam™ Intelligent High-Beam
Headlamp Control System
If your vehicle has this feature, be sure to read
this entire section before using it.
IntellliBeam™ is an enhancement to your vehicle’s
headlamp system. Using a digital light sensor
on your rearview mirror, this system will turn the
vehicle’s high-beam headlamps on and off
according to surrounding traffic conditions.
The IntellliBeam™ system will turn your high-beam
headlamps on when it is dark enough, there is
no other traffic present, and the IntellliBeam
system is enabled.
Turning On and Enabling IntellliBeam™
Press and release the IntellliBeam™ button on the
inside rear view mirror. The IntellliBeam™ indicator
on the mirror will turn on to let you know the system
has been turned on. Once the system has been
turned on, it will remain on each time the vehicle is
started. Additionally, the IntellliBeam system must
be enabled.
To enable the IntellliBeam™ system, turn the
exterior lamp control to AUTO, with the turn
signal/multifunction lever in its neutral position.
The High-Beam On Light will appear on the
instrument panel cluster when the high-beams
are on. See Highbeam On Light on page 237.
Driving with IntellliBeam™
IntellliBeam™ will only activate your high-beams
when driving over 20 mph (32 km/h).
The high-beam headlamps will remain on, under
the automatic control of IntellliBeam™, until any
of the following situations occur:
• The system detects an approaching vehicle’s
headlamps.
• The system detects a preceding vehicle’s
taillamps.
• The outside light is bright enough that
high-beam headlamps are not required.
• The vehicle’s speed drops below
15 mph (24 km/h).
199
• The headlamp stalk is moved forward to
the high-beam position. See Headlamp
High/Low-Beam Changer on page 189.
When either of these conditions occur, the
IntellliBeam™ feature will be disabled and
the IntellliBeam™ light in the mirror will turn
off until the high-beam stalk is returned to
the neutral position.
• If IntellliBeam™ was using low-beams prior to
this action, the IntellliBeam™ feature will be
temporarily disabled until the stalk is returned
to the neutral position.
• The exterior lamp control is turned to any
setting except AUTO.
When this occurs, IntellliBeam™ will be
disabled until the control is turned back to
the AUTO position.
• The IntellliBeam™ system is turned off at
the inside rearview mirror.
IntellliBeam™ may not turn off the high-beams if
the system cannot detect other vehicle’s lamps
because of any of the following:
• The others vehicle’s lamp(s) are missing,
damaged, obstructed from view or otherwise
undetected.
• The other vehicle’s lamp(s) are covered with
dirt, snow and/or road spray.
• The other vehicle’s lamp(s) cannot be detected
due to dense exhaust, smoke, fog, snow, road
spray, mist or other airborne obstructions.
• Your vehicle’s windshield is dirty, cracked or
obstructed by something that blocks the
view of the IntellliBeam light sensor.
• Your vehicle’s windshield is covered with ice,
dirt, haze or other obstructions.
• Your vehicle is loaded such that the front end
of the vehicle points upward, causing the
IntellliBeam sensor to aim high and not detect
headlamps and taillamps.
• You are driving on winding or hilly roads.
You may need to manually disable or cancel the
high-beam headlamps by turning the low-beam
headlamps on, if any of the above conditions exist.
200
Disabling and Resetting IntellliBeam™
at the Rearview Mirror
IntellliBeam™ can be disabled by using the
controls on the inside rearview mirror.
AUTO 3(On/Off): To disable the system,
press this button on the inside rearview mirror.
The IntellliBeam™ indicator will turn off and will
not come back on until the IntellliBeam™ button
is pressed again.
Stalk Disable: When IntellliBeam™ has
turned on the high-beams, pull or push the
high-beam stalk. This will disable IntellliBeam™.
The IntellliBeam™ indicator on the mirror will
turn off. To re-enable IntellliBeam™, press
the IntellliBeam™ button on the mirror.
Cleaning the IntellliBeam™ Light Sensor
The light sensor is
located on the inside
of the vehicle in
front of the inside
rearview mirror.
Clean the light sensor window, periodically, using
glass cleaner on a soft cloth. Gently wipe the
sensor window. Do not spray glass cleaner directly
on the surface of the sensor window.
A different sensitivity setting is available for
dealer diagnostics. This is done by pushing and
holding this button for 20 seconds until the
IntellliBeam™ indicator light flashes three times.
If you accidentally activate this, the vehicle’s
setting will automatically be reset each time the
ignition is turned off and then on again.
201
Headlamps on Reminder
If a door is open, a reminder chime will sound
when your headlamps or parking lamps are
manually turned on and your key is out of the
ignition. To turn off the chime, turn the headlamp
switch to off or AUTO and then back on, or
close and re-open the door. In the AUTO mode,
the headlamps turn off once the ignition is in
LOCK or may remain on until the headlamp delay
ends (if enabled in the DIC). See “Exit Lighting”
under DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different
driving conditions, but they can be especially
helpful in the short periods after dawn and before
sunset. Fully functional DRL are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
202
The DRL system will come on when the following
conditions are met:
• The ignition is on
• The exterior lamps control is in AUTO
• The light sensor determines it is daytime
When the DRL are on, only your DRL lamps
will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other
lamps will not be on. The instrument panel
back lighting will not be on either.
When it begins to get dark, the automatic
headlamp system will switch from DRL to the
headlamps.
When you turn the headlamp switch off, the
headlamps will go off.
Automatic Headlamp System
When it is dark enough outside, your automatic
headlamp system will turn on the headlamps at
the normal brightness, along with the taillamps,
sidemarker, parking lamps, and the instrument
panel lights. The radio back lighting will also
be dimly lit.
To turn off the automatic headlamp system, turn
the exterior lamps switch to the off position.
Turning off the automatic headlamp system with
the headlamp switch is not available for vehicles
first sold in Canada.
Your vehicle has a light sensor located on the
top of the instrument panel in the defroster grille
that regulates when the automatic headlamps
turn on. Be sure it is not covered, or the system
will come on whenever the ignition is on.
The system may also turn on your headlamps
when driving through a parking garage, heavy
overcast weather, or a tunnel. This is normal.
There is a delay in the transition between the
daytime and nighttime operation of the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp
systems so that driving under bridges or bright
overhead street lights does not affect the system.
The DRL and automatic headlamp system will only
be affected when the light sensor sees a change in
lighting lasting longer than the delay.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the
automatic headlamp system will come on
immediately. Once you leave the garage, it will
take approximately one minute for the automatic
headlamp system to change to DRL if it is
bright enough outside. During that delay, your
instrument panel cluster may not be as bright as
usual. Make sure your instrument panel brightness
control is in the full bright position. See Instrument
Panel Brightness on page 204.
To idle your vehicle with the automatic headlamp
system off, turn the control to the off position.
You may be able to turn off your Automatic
Headlamp System. See Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) on page 202 for more information.
Your headlamps will also stay on after you exit the
vehicle. You can program this feature using the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 254.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the
regular headlamp system when needed.
203
Fog Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness
-(Fog Lamps): If your vehicle has fog lamps,
D (Instrument Panel Brightness): This feature
controls the brightness of the instrument panel
lights.
the control is located on the exterior lamps control.
The exterior lamps control is located on the
instrument panel to the left of the steering column.
Your ignition must be in the RUN position for
the fog lamps to come on.
To turn the fog lamps on, press the exterior lamps
button. A light will come on in the instrument
panel cluster to let you know that the fog lamps
are on. Press the exterior lamps button again
to turn the fog lamps off.
When the headlamps are changed to high-beam,
the fog lamps also go off.
Some localities have laws that require the
headlamps to be on along with the fog lamps.
The knob for this feature is located next to the
headlamp control.
Turn the knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
adjust the brightness of the instrument panel lights.
Turn the knob clockwise to return the instrument
panel cluster or radio display to full brightness
when the headlamps or parking lamps are on.
To turn on the dome lamps, turn the knob to the
farthest clockwise position.
Dome Lamps
The dome lamps come on when a door is opened.
The dome lamps can also be turned on by
turning the knob, located next to the exterior lamps
control, clockwise to the farthest position. In this
position, the dome lamps will remain on whether a
door is opened or closed.
204
Dome Lamp Override
Exit Lighting
E (Dome Lamp Override): Press the dome
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on
when you remove the key from the ignition.
They will turn off automatically in 20 seconds.
The lights will not come on if the dome override
button is pressed in.
override button, located next to the exterior lamps
control, to keep the dome lamps off when a
door is open. To set the lamps to the automatic
operation, press the button again so that it is
extended. With the button in this position,
the dome lamps will come on when a door
is opened.
Entry Lighting
Your vehicle has an illuminated entry feature.
When the doors are opened, the dome lamps
will come on if the dome override button is in the
extended position. If the dome override button
is pressed in, the lamps will not come on.
Reading Lamps
If your vehicle has reading lamps, press the button
located next to the lamp to turn it on or off.
Your vehicle may also have reading lamps in other
locations. To turn each one on or off, press the
button located next to the lamp. The lamps cannot
be adjusted.
Battery Run-Down Protection
This feature shuts off the dome lamps if they
are left on for more than 10 minutes when
the ignition is in LOCK. This will help prevent
the battery from running down.
205
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist
(URPA)
The Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
system is designed to help you park while in
Reverse (R). It operates only at speeds less than
5 mph (8 km/h). URPA helps make parking
easier and helps you avoid colliding with objects
such as parked vehicles. The URPA system
detects objects that are close to the rear of the
vehicle which are at least 10 inches (25.4 cm)
off the ground and below hood or trunk level.
The system detects objects up to 8 feet (2.5 m)
behind your vehicle. URPA determines how close
these objects are from your bumper within this
area. Ultrasonic sensors on the rear bumper are
used to detect the distance to the object.
206
{CAUTION:
Even with the Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist
system, the driver must check carefully
before backing up. The system does not
operate above speeds of 5 mph (8 km/h).
The system does not detect objects more
than 8 feet (2.5 meters) behind the vehicle.
This detection distance limit may be
reduced during warm weather or high
humidity. Also, the system does not
detect objects that are below your bumper,
underneath your vehicle, or some objects
very close to the vehicle. The system is not
designed to detect children, pedestrians,
bicyclists, or pets.
So, unless you check carefully behind your
vehicle while you are backing up, they
could be injured or killed.
Whether or not you are using rear park
assist, always check carefully behind your
vehicle before backing up and then watch
closely as you do.
The display is located
near the passenger side
rear window and can
be seen by looking over
your right shoulder.
The red light in the URPA display will also be lit
if the vehicle is in REVERSE (R). If the vehicle
has a DIC, PARKING ASSIST OFF will display.
URPA automatically turns back on each time
the vehicle is started.
How the System Works
The display has three color-coded lights.
The URPA lights are used to provide distance
and system information, along with beeps that
will be heard through the speakers.
URPA can be turned off
by pressing the rear
park aid disable button
located next to the
radio. The indicator will
illuminate to indicate
that URPA is off.
When the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R),
the rear display will briefly come on to let you
know the display is operating correctly. URPA
comes on automatically when the shift lever
is moved into REVERSE (R). The system also
does not work at a reverse speed greater than
5 mph (8 km/h). To remind you of this, the red light
on the rear display will flash.
The system can be disabled using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See DIC Operation
and Displays on page 240.
207
How the System Works when Backing
If the shift lever is in REVERSE (R), URPA detects
objects close to the rear bumper. The first time an
object is detected a single beep will sound. If an
object is detected at a REVERSE (R) speed
between 0 mph (0 km/h) and 5 mph (8 km/h), the
following describes what will occur based on your
distance to a detected object located behind the
vehicle:
• At distances between 40 inches (1 m) and
8 ft (2.5 m), a single amber light will come on.
• At distances between 23 inches (0.6 m) and
40 inches (1 m), both amber lights will be on.
• At distances between 12 inches (0.3 m)
and 23 inches (0.6 m), all three lights
(amber/amber/red) will be on.
• At distances less than 12 inches (0.3 m),
a beeping sound will repeat for a short time
and all three lights (amber/amber/red) will be
on and flashing.
208
When the System Does Not Seem to
Work Properly
If the URPA system will not activate due to a
temporary condition, the message PARKING
ASSIST OFF will be displayed on the DIC and a
red light will be shown on the rear URPA display
when the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R).
This occurs under the following conditions:
• The driver disables the system. See DIC
Operation and Displays on page 240.
• The parking brake pedal is depressed.
• A trailer was attached to your vehicle, or a
bicycle or an object was hanging out of your
trunk during your last drive when you turned off
the vehicle. If the attached objects are removed
from your vehicle before the start of your next
drive, the system will return to normal operation
unless an object is detected when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R). If this occurs, URPA
assumes the object is still attached, so you will
have to wait until the vehicle is driven forward
above 15 mph (25 km/h) before URPA will
return to normal operation.
• The ultrasonic sensors are not kept clean. So,
be sure to keep your vehicle’s rear bumper free
of mud, dirt, snow, ice, and slush. For cleaning
instructions, see Washing Your Vehicle on
page 496. If the DIC still displays the PARKING
ASSIST OFF message after cleaning the
bumper and driving forward at a speed of at
least 15 mph (25 km/h), see your dealer.
• Other conditions that may affect system
performance include vibrations from a
jackhammer or the compression of air brakes
on a very large truck or other mechanical
devices that interfere with URPA performance.
• When URPA is disabled without driver action
and the driver attempts to turn URPA back
on using the Driver Information Center (DIC),
the PARKING ASSIST ON option will not be
selectable if the necessary conditions stated
above for normal system operation
are not met.
As always, drivers should use care when backing
up a vehicle. Always look behind you, being sure
to check for other vehicles, obstructions and
blind spots.
For Driver Information Center messages related
to URPA, see DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 245.
If the bumper is damaged, your URPA system
may not work properly. Take the vehicle to
your dealer to repair the system.
209
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
With accessory power outlets you can plug in
auxiliary electrical equipment, such as a cellular
telephone or CB radio. The maximum capability
of the power outlet is 20 amps.
Your vehicle will have one accessory power outlet
inside the floor console storage bin, one on the
back of the floor console, and an additional
power outlet in the rear cargo area on the
passenger side.
To use the power outlet, lift the spring cap
and insert electrical 12V device plug. To close
the power outlet, remove 12V electrical device
plug and the spring cap will close.
Certain power accessory plugs may not be
compatible to the accessory power outlet and
could result in blown adapter or vehicle fuses.
If you experience a problem, see your dealer
for additional information on the accessory
power plugs.
210
The accessory power outlets are powered, even
with the ignition off. Continuing to use power
outlets while the ignition is off may cause
the vehicle’s battery to run down.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to
your vehicle may damage it or keep other
components from working as they should.
The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not use equipment exceeding
maximum amperage rating of 20 amperes.
Check with your retailer before adding
electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to
follow the proper installation instructions included
with the equipment. Do not use equipment
exceeding the maximum amperage rating of
20 amperes.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory or accessory
bracket from the plug because the power
outlets are designed for accessory power
plugs only.
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
Analog Clock
The front ashtray and lighter are located in the
center console near the cupholders, if equipped.
Press on the access door to open it and use
the ashtray and lighter.
The analog clock is located on the instrument
panel above the radio. The clock is not connected
with any other vehicle system and runs by
itself. To adjust the clock, do the following:
Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other
flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes
or other smoking materials could ignite
them and possibly damage your vehicle.
Never put flammable items in the ashtray.
1. Locate the adjustment button directly below
the clock face.
2. Push and hold the adjustment button to
advance the clock hands. Holding the
button down will cause the clock to advance
faster. Release the button before you get
to the desired time.
To remove the ashtray, pull it from the center
console. Slide it back in and push down to be
sure it is secure.
To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way,
and let go. When it’s ready, it will pop back out
by itself.
3. Push and release the button to increase the
time by one minute increments until the
desired time is reached.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating will not allow the lighter to back
away from the heating element when it is hot.
Damage from overheating may occur to the
lighter or heating element, or a fuse could be
blown. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in
while it is heating.
211
Climate Controls
Dual Automatic Climate Control
System
With this system, you can control the heating,
cooling, and ventilation in your vehicle.
Your vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation
system described later in this section.
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob
The driver’s side knob is used to adjust the
temperature of the air coming through the system
on the driver’s side. The temperature can be
adjusted even if the system is turned off.
This is possible since outside air will always flow
through the system as the vehicle is moving
forward unless it is set to recirculation mode.
See “Recirculation” later in this section.
Turn the knob counterclockwise or clockwise
to lower or increase the cabin temperature.
The display will show the temperature setting
decreasing or increasing.
Passenger’s Side Temperature Knob
Climate Control with Cooled and
Heated Seats shown
You can select different climate control settings
for the driver and passengers.
212
The passenger’s side knob can be used to change
the temperature of the air coming through the
system on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
The temperature can be adjusted even if the
system is turned off. This is possible since outside
air will always flow through the system as the
vehicle is moving forward unless it is set to
recirculation mode. See “Recirculation” later in
this section.
Turn the knob counterclockwise or clockwise
to lower or increase the cabin temperature.
The display will show the temperature setting
decreasing or increasing.
The passenger’s temperature setting can be set
to match the driver’s temperature setting by
pressing the passenger power knob.
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): When automatic operation
is active the system will control the inside
temperature, the air delivery, and the fan speed.
Use the steps below to place the entire system
in automatic mode:
1. Press the AUTO button.
When AUTO is selected, the display will
change to show the current temperature(s)
and AUTO will be lit on the display. The current
delivery mode and fan speed will also be
displayed for approximately 5 seconds.
When AUTO is selected, the air conditioning
operation and air inlet will be automatically
controlled. The air conditioning compressor will
run when the outside temperature is over
about 40°F (4°C). The air inlet will normally be
set to outside air. If it is hot outside, the air
inlet may automatically switch to recirculate
inside air to help quickly cool down your
vehicle. The light on the button will come on
in recirculation.
2. Set the driver’s and passenger’s temperature.
To find your comfort setting, start with a
74°F (23°C) temperature setting and allow
about 20 minutes for the system to regulate.
Use the driver’s or passenger’s temperature
buttons to adjust the temperature setting
as necessary. If you choose the temperature
setting of 60°F (15°C), the system will
remain at the maximum cooling setting.
If you choose the temperature setting of
90°F (32°C), the system will remain at the
maximum heat setting. Choosing either
maximum setting will not cause the vehicle
to heat or cool any faster.
213
Be careful not to cover the sensor located on the
top of the instrument panel near the windshield.
This sensor regulates air temperature based
on sun load and also turns on your headlamps.
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the
system will delay turning on the fan until warm air
is available. The length of delay depends on
the engine coolant temperature. Pressing the fan
switch will override this delay and change the
fan to a selected speed.
O (Off): Press the driver’s side temperature
knob to turn off the climate control system.
Outside air will still enter the vehicle, and will
be directed to the floor. This direction can
be changed by pressing the mode button. The
temperature can also be adjusted using either
temperature knob. Press the up or down arrows
on the fan switch, the defrost button, the
AUTO button, driver’s side temperature knob,
or the air conditioning button to turn the system
on when it is off.
214
Manual Operation
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or
fan speed.
y9z (Fan): The switch with the fan symbol
allows you to manually adjust the fan speed.
Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and the
down arrow to decrease fan speed.
Pressing this button when the system is off will
turn the system on.
Pressing either arrow while using automatic
operation will place the fan in manual operation.
The fan setting will display and the AUTO light will
turn off. The air delivery will remain in automatic
operation.
N (Mode): Press this button to manually change
the direction of the airflow in your vehicle.
Repeatedly press the button until the desired
mode appears on the display.
When the system is turned off, the display will go
blank after displaying the current status of the
system.
H (Vent): This setting will deliver air to the
instrument panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level): This mode allows for split air to
the instrument panel outlets and to the floor
outlets. The flow can be divided between vent and
floor outlets depending upon where the knob is
placed between the settings. A little air is directed
towards the windshield and side window vents.
Cooler air is directed to the upper vents and
warmer air to the floor vents.
6 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air
to the floor outlets, with some of the air directed
to the windshield, side window outlets, and
second row floor outlets. In this mode, the
system will automatically select Outside Air.
- (Defog): See “Defogging and Defrosting”
later in this section.
@ (Recirculation): Press this button to turn
the recirculation mode on. When the button
is pressed, an indicator light will come on.
This mode keeps outside air from entering the
vehicle. It can be used to reduce outside air and
odors from entering your vehicle. Recirculation
may also help cool the air inside your vehicle
more quickly once the temperature inside the
vehicle is less than the outside temperature.
The recirculation mode cannot be used with floor,
defrost, or defogging modes.
If you try to select recirculation in one of those
modes, the indicator will flash three times and turn
off. The air conditioning compressor will also
come on when this mode is activated. While in
recirculation mode the windows may fog when
the weather is cold and damp. To clear the
fog, select either the blend or defrost mode and
increase the fan speed. Recirculation mode can
be turned off by pressing the button again, or
turning off the engine.
215
Air Conditioning
Defogging and Defrosting
#(Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn
Fog on the inside of the windows is a result of
high humidity (moisture) condensing on the
cool window glass. This can be minimized if the
climate control system is used properly. There
are two modes to clear fog or frost from your
windshield. Use the defog mode to clear
the windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove
fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.
the air conditioning (A/C) compressor on and
off. When air conditioning is selected, an indicator
light will come on to let you know that the air
conditioning has been activated.
Pressing this button when the outside temperature
is too cool for air conditioning will make the
air conditioning indicator flash three times and
then turn off to indicate the air conditioning mode
is not available. If the air conditioning is on
and the outside temperature drops below a
temperature which is too cool for air conditioning
to be effective, the air conditioning light will
turn off to let you know the air conditioning mode
has been canceled.
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot inside air escape. This helps to reduce the
time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also
helps the system to operate more efficiently.
The air conditioning system removes moisture
from the air, so you may sometimes notice a
small amount of water dripping underneath your
vehicle while idling or after turning off the engine.
This is normal.
216
Use the mode up and down arrows to select the
defog or defrost modes.
- (Defog): This mode directs air to the
windshield, floor outlets, and side window vents.
When you select this mode, the system turns
off recirculation and runs the air conditioning
compressor unless the outside temperature is
close to freezing. The recirculation mode cannot
be selected while in the defog mode. Do not drive
the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
0 (Defrost): This mode directs a portion of the
air to the windshield and side window vents and
some to the floor vents. In this mode, the system
will automatically force outside air into your vehicle.
The recirculation mode cannot be selected while in
the defrost mode. The air conditioning compressor
will run automatically in this setting, unless the
outside temperature is close to freezing. Do not
drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
< (Rear Window Defogger): The rear window
defogger will turn off automatically after it has
been activated. The defogger can also be turned
off by pressing the button again or by turning
off the engine. Do not drive the vehicle until all
the windows are clear.
If your vehicle has heated outside rearview
mirrors, the mirrors will heat to help clear fog or
frost from the surface of the mirror when the
rear window defog button is pressed.
Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp
object to clear the inside rear window. Do not
adhere anything to the defogger grid lines
in the rear glass. These actions may damage
the rear defogger. Repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
Outlet Adjustment
Use the air outlets located in the center and on
the side of your instrument panel to direct
the airflow.
Operation Tips
• Keep the hood and front air inlets free of ice,
snow, or any other obstruction (such as
leaves). The heater and defroster will work far
better, reducing the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
• When you enter a vehicle in cold weather,
press the fan up button to the maximum
fan level before driving. This helps clear the
intake ducts of snow and moisture, and
reduces the chance of fogging the inside of
your window.
• Keep the air path under the front seats
clear of objects. This helps air to circulate
throughout your vehicle.
• Adding outside equipment to the front of your
vehicle, such as hood-air deflectors, may
affect the performance of the heating and air
conditioning system. Check with your dealer
before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
217
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System and Electronic Climate
Controls
The rear heat and air conditioning controls are
part of the rear seat audio controls located in the
center console. The system can be controlled
from the front controls as well as the rear controls.
To turn the system on, press the AUX button on
the front climate control system, an indicator will be
lit. Pressing the AUX button the first time will
turn the rear system on in a mimic mode. In this
mode, the airflow in the rear will be approximately
the same direction, temperature, and fan speed
as the front. Pressing the AUX button again
will turn the rear system and the indicator off.
If the rear controls are adjusted, the system will
enter a rear independent mode. Airflow in the rear
will then be directed according to the settings of
rear controls. The rear system can be turned off by
pressing the AUX button on the front climate
control system and the indicator will turn off.
If the indicator in the front AUX button is off,
the rear system is off.
218
Rear Climate Controls with Rear Seat Audio Controls
Automatic Operation
Manual Operation
N (Mode): Press the mode button until the
y9z (Fan): The fan buttons on the rear seat
audio control panel allows you to manually
adjust the fan speed. To decrease airflow, press
the button with the fan and down arrow symbol.
Pressing the fan up button when the system is off
will turn the system on. The air delivery mode
will remain under automatic control. To turn the
rear system off, keep pressing the button with the
fan and down arrow symbol.
AUTO setting is selected to control the inside
temperature, the air delivery, and the fan speed.
AUTO will illuminate in the display when automatic
operation is active.
+/− (Increase/Decrease Temperature): Press
the + or − buttons to increase or decrease
the cabin temperature. The rear control
temperature display will show the temperature
setting decreasing or increasing.
The display will only indicate climate control
functions when the system is in rear
independent mode.
+/− (Increase/Decrease Temperature): These
buttons select the temperature of the air flowing into
the passenger area. Press the + button for warmer
air and press the − button for cooler air.
N (Mode): Press the mode button to manually
change the direction of the airflow in your vehicle.
Repeatedly press the button until the desired
mode appears on the display. Multiple presses
will cycle through the delivery selections.
219
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages
on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that
something is wrong before it becomes serious
enough to cause an expensive repair or
replacement. Paying attention to your warning
lights and gages could also save you or others
from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is
a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.
As you will see in the details on the next few
pages, some warning lights come on briefly when
you start the engine just to let you know they’re
working. If you are familiar with this section,
you should not be alarmed when this happens.
220
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.
Often gages and warning lights work together
to let you know when there’s a problem with
your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and
stays on when you are driving, or when one of
the gages shows there may be a problem, check
the section that tells you what to do about it.
Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do
repairs can be costly — and even dangerous.
So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information
Center (DIC) that works along with the warning
lights and gages. See Driver Information
Center (DIC) on page 239.
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running.
You will know how fast you are going, about how much fuel you have and many other things you will
need to know to drive safely and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar.
221
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in
both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers
per hour (km/h).
The trip odometer can tell you how far your
vehicle has been driven since you last set the
trip odometer to zero.
Your vehicle’s odometer works together with the
driver information center. You can set a Trip
odometer. See “Trip Odometer” under DIC
Operation and Displays on page 240 for more
information.
For more information see “Trip Odometer” under
DIC Operation and Displays on page 240.
The odometer mileage can be checked without
the vehicle running. Simply press the trip stem
on the instrument panel cluster.
If your vehicle ever needs a new odometer
installed, the new one will be set to the correct
mileage total of the old odometer.
222
Tachometer
Your tachometer displays the engine speed in
revolutions per minute (rpm).
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime
will be provided for several seconds to remind
people to buckle their safety belts. The driver safety
belt light will also be provided and stay on for
several seconds, then it will flash for several more.
You should buckle your seat belt.
This chime and light
will be repeated if the
driver remains
unbuckled and the
vehicle is in motion.
If the driver’s belt is buckled, neither the chime nor
the light will come on.
Passenger Safety Belt
Reminder Light
Several seconds after the key is turned to RUN
or START, a chime will sound for several seconds
to remind the front passenger to buckle their
safety belt. This would only occur if the passenger
airbag is enabled. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 100 for more information. The
passenger safety belt light will also come on and
stay on for several seconds, then it will flash
for several more.
This chime and light
will be repeated if
the passenger remains
unbuckled and the
vehicle is in motion.
See Passenger Sensing System on page 100 for
more information.
If the passenger’s safety belt is buckled, neither
the chime nor the light will come on.
223
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the
instrument panel, which shows the airbag symbol.
The system checks the airbag’s electrical system
for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. The system check includes the
airbag sensors, the airbag modules, the wiring
and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the airbag system, see
Airbag System on page 89.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds. Then
the light should go out.
This means the system
is ready.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start the vehicle or comes on when you are
driving, your airbag system may not work
properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.
224
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after
you start your vehicle, it means the airbag
system may not be working properly. The
airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in
a crash, or they could even inflate without
a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself
or others, have your vehicle serviced right
away if the airbag readiness light stays on
after you start your vehicle.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a
few seconds when you turn the ignition key to
RUN. If the light doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is
a problem.
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
Your vehicle has the passenger sensing system.
Your overhead console has a passenger airbag
status indicator.
If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the
passenger airbag status indicator, it means
that the right front passenger’s frontal airbag is
enabled (may inflate).
{CAUTION:
Passenger Airbag
Status Indicator –
United States
Passenger Airbag
Status Indicator –
Canada
When the ignition key is turned to RUN or START,
the passenger airbag status indicator will light
ON and OFF, or the symbol for on and off,
for several seconds as a system check. Then,
after several more seconds, the status indicator
will light either ON or OFF, or either the on
or off symbol to let you know the status of the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag.
If the on indicator comes on when you
have a rear-facing child restraint installed
in the right front passenger’s seat, it means
that the passenger sensing system has not
turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front passenger’s
seat if the airbag is turned on.
225
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is failsafe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
226
If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the
airbag status indicator, it means that the
passenger sensing system has turned off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 100 for more on
this, including important safety information.
If, after several seconds, all status indicator lights
remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there
may be a problem with the lights or the passenger
sensing system. See your dealer for service.
{CAUTION:
If the off indicator and the airbag readiness
light ever come on together, it means
that something may be wrong with the
airbag system. If this ever happens, have
the vehicle serviced promptly, because
an adult-size person sitting in the right
front passenger seat may not have the
protection of the frontal airbag. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 224.
Charging System Light
The charging system
light will come on briefly
when you turn on the
ignition, but the engine is
not running, as a check
to show you it is working.
When this light comes on, the DIC will also display
the SERVICE BATTERY NOT CHARGING
SYSTEM message. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 245 for more information.
If you must drive a short distance with the light
on, be certain to turn off all your accessories,
such as the radio and air conditioner, to reduce
the drain on your battery.
It should go out once the engine is running.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving,
you may have a problem with the charging system.
It could indicate that you have problems with the
generator, the generator drive belt, or another
electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.
227
Brake System Warning Light
With the ignition on, the brake system warning
light will come on when you set the parking brake.
If you try to drive with the parking brake engaged,
a chime will sound when the vehicle speed is
greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided
into two parts. If one part is not working, the
other part can still work and stop you. For good
braking, though, you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on and a chime
sounds there could be a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light may also come on due to low brake fluid.
See Brakes on page 429 for more information.
228
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn
the ignition key to RUN. If it does not come
on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn
you if there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull
off the road and stop carefully. You may notice
that the pedal is harder to push or may go closer
to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the
light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service.
See Towing Your Vehicle on page 372.
That’s normal. If the light does not come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving with the brake system
warning light on can lead to an accident.
If the light is still on after you have pulled
off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will
come on when you
start your engine
and may stay on for
several seconds.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you are
driving, your vehicle needs service. You will
also hear a chime sound when the light is on
steady. If the regular brake system warning light
is not on, you still have brakes, but you do
not have anti-lock brakes. If the regular brake
system warning light is also on you do not have
anti-lock brakes and there is a problem with
your regular brakes. In addition to both lights,
you will also hear a chime sound on the first
occurrence of a problem and each time the
vehicle is shut off and then restarted. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 228.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should
come on briefly when you turn the ignition
key to RUN. If the light does not come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
229
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light
This warning light
should come on
briefly when the
engine is started.
If the warning light does not come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there
is a problem. If it stays on, or comes on when
you are driving, there may be a problem with your
StabiliTrak® system and your vehicle may need
service. When this warning light is on, the system
is off and will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
This light will also flash when the StabiliTrak®
system is active.
If the StabiliTrak® system warning light comes
on and stays on for an extended period of
time when the system is turned on, your vehicle
needs service. See StabiliTrak® System on
page 326 for more information.
230
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows
the engine coolant
temperature.
If the gage pointer moves towards the shaded in
thermostat, it means that your engine coolant
has overheated. If you have been operating your
vehicle under normal driving conditions, you
should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and
turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 418.
Tire Pressure Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the ignition to RUN.
If equipped, a CHECK TIRE PRESSURE DIC
message will accompany the light.
Stop and check your tires as soon as it is safe to do
so. If underinflated, inflate to the proper pressure.
See Tires on page 450 for more information.
This light will flash for 60 seconds and then turn
on solid if a problem is detected with the Tire
Pressure Monitor system.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 458
for more information.
This light will also come on when one or more of
your tires are significantly underinflated.
231
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle has a
computer which
monitors operation
of the fuel, ignition,
and emission control
systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable
levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce
a cleaner environment. The check engine light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often will be
indicated by the system before any problem is
apparent. This may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle. This system is also designed to
assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
232
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with
this light on, after awhile, your emission
controls may not work as well, your fuel
economy may not be as good, and your engine
may not run as smoothly. This could lead to
costly repairs that may not be covered by
your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake, or fuel system
of your vehicle or the replacement of the
original tires with other than those of the same
Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect
your vehicle’s emission controls and may
cause this light to come on. Modifications to
these systems could lead to costly repairs
not covered by your warranty. This may also
result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 393.
This light should come on, as a check to show
you it is working, when the ignition is on and the
engine is not running. If the light does not
come on, have it repaired. This light will also
come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has
been detected. A misfire increases vehicle
emissions and may damage the emission
control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis
and service may be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may
be required.
If the Light is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle:
• Reducing vehicle speed
• Avoiding hard accelerations
• Avoiding steep uphill grades
• If you are towing a trailer, reduce the
amount of cargo being hauled as soon as
it is possible
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to
do so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to
park your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least
10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light
remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady”
following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service
as soon as possible.
233
If the Light Is On Steady
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 395. Poor fuel
quality will cause your engine not to run as
efficiently as designed. You may notice this as
stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration.
(These conditions may go away once the engine
is warmed up.) This will be detected by the
system and cause the light to turn on.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 398.
The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed.
A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving
trips with the cap properly installed should turn
the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of
water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The
condition will usually be corrected when the
electrical system dries out. A few driving trips
should turn the light off.
234
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require
at least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the
light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light
turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle.
Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
The vehicle would be considered not ready for
inspection. This can happen if you have recently
replaced your battery or if your battery has
run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and
your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for
lack of OBD system readiness, your GM dealer
can prepare the vehicle for inspection.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
check engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if
the OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines
that critical emission control systems have not
been completely diagnosed by the system.
235
Oil Pressure Light
This light will come on briefly when you start
your engine. That is a check to be sure the light
works. If it does not come on, be sure to have
it fixed so it will be there to warn you if something
goes wrong.
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is
low. If you do, your engine can become so
hot that it catches fire. You or others could
be burned. Check your oil as soon as
possible and have your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
This light tells you if
there could be a
problem with your
engine oil pressure.
236
When the light comes on and stays on, it means
that oil is not flowing through your engine properly.
You could be low on oil and you might have
some other system problem.
Security Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the key toward START.
The light will stay on
until the engine starts.
See PASS-Key® III+ Operation on page 135 for
more information.
Fog Lamp Light
Cruise Control Light
The fog lamps light will
come on when the fog
lamps are in use.
This light comes on
whenever you set your
cruise control.
The light will go out when the fog lamps are
turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 204 for
more information.
The light will go out when the cruise control is
disengaged. See Cruise Control on page 194 for
more information.
Lights On Reminder
Highbeam On Light
This light comes on
whenever the parking
lamps are on.
See Exterior Lamps on page 197 for more
information.
This light will come on
when the high-beam
headlamps are in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
on page 189.
237
Tow/Haul Mode Light
This light is displayed
when the Tow/Haul
mode has been
activated.
For more information, see Towing a Trailer on
page 375 and Tow/Haul Mode on page 148.
Fuel Gage
When the ignition
is on, the fuel gage
tells you about
how much fuel you
have left in your tank.
238
The gage will first indicate empty before you are
out of fuel, and you should get more fuel as
soon as possible.
Here are some situations you may experience with
your fuel gage. None of these indicate a problem
with the fuel gage.
• At the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than
the fuel gage indicated. For example, the
gage may have indicated the tank was half full,
but it actually took a little more or less than
half the tank’s capacity to fill the tank.
• The gage goes back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
Low Fuel Warning Light
This light, under the
fuel gage, will come
on briefly when you
are starting the engine.
This light and a chime will come on when the
fuel tank is low on fuel. There will also be a
“FUEL LEVEL LOW” message on the Driver
Information Center, see DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 245 for more information.
When you add fuel this light and message should
go off. If it does not, have your vehicle serviced.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
Your vehicle has a Driver Information Center (DIC).
The DIC displays information about your vehicle.
It also displays warning messages if a system
problem is detected. The DIC also allows some
features to be customized. See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 254 for more information.
All messages will appear in the DIC display located
in the center of the instrument panel cluster.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After
a short delay, the DIC will display the information
that was last displayed before the engine was
turned off.
See DIC Operation and Displays on page 240 and
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254 for the
displays available.
239
DIC Operation and Displays
The DIC has different displays which can be
accessed by pressing the DIC buttons located
on the instrument panel, to the right of the
steering wheel.
The DIC displays trip, fuel, and vehicle system
information, and warning messages if a system
problem is detected. A digital speedometer
also appears at the bottom of the DIC display.
The digital speedometer can be enabled or
disabled. See “DISPLAY DIGITAL SPEED” under
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254 for
more information.
DIC Buttons
The buttons are
the trip/fuel,
vehicle information,
customization,
and set/reset buttons.
The button functions
are detailed in the
following pages.
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to display
the odometer, trip odometer, fuel range, average
economy, fuel used, timer, and transmission
temperature.
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button to
display the oil life, units, tire pressure readings
for vehicles with a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system
programming for vehicles with a TPM system, and
remote keyless entry transmitter programming.
240
U (Customization): Press this button to
customize the feature settings on your vehicle.
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 254
for more information.
V (Set/Reset): Press this button to set or reset
certain functions and to turn off or acknowledge
messages on the DIC.
Trip/Fuel Menu Items
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to scroll
through the following menu items:
Odometer
Press the trip/fuel button until ODOMETER
displays. This display shows the distance the
vehicle has been driven in either miles (mi)
or kilometers (km).
To switch between English and metric
measurements, see “Units” later in this section.
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can be reset to zero by pressing
the set/reset button while the trip odometer is
displayed.
Fuel Range
Press the trip/fuel button until FUEL RANGE
displays. This display shows the approximate
number of remaining miles (mi) or kilometers (km)
the vehicle can be driven without refueling. The
display will show LOW if the fuel level is low.
The fuel range estimate is based on an average
of the vehicle’s fuel economy over recent
driving history and the amount of fuel remaining
in the fuel tank. This estimate will change if driving
conditions change. For example, if driving in
traffic and making frequent stops, this display
may read one number, but if the vehicle is driven
on a freeway, the number may change even
though the same amount of fuel is in the fuel tank.
This is because different driving conditions
produce different fuel economies. Generally,
freeway driving produces better fuel economy
than city driving. Fuel range cannot be reset.
Press the trip/fuel button until TRIP displays.
This display shows the current distance traveled
in either miles (mi) or kilometers (km) since the
last reset for the trip odometer.
241
Average Economy
Press the trip/fuel button until AVERAGE
ECONOMY displays. This display shows the
approximate average miles per gallon (mpg) or
liters per 100 kilometers (L/100 km). This number
is calculated based on the number of mpg
(L/100 km) recorded since the last time this menu
item was reset. To reset AVERAGE ECONOMY,
press and hold the set/reset button.
Time will continue to be counted as long as the
ignition is on, even if another display is being shown
on the DIC. The timer will record up to 99 hours,
59 minutes and 59 seconds (99:59:59) after which
the display will return to zero.
To stop the timer, press the set/reset button briefly
while TIMER is displayed.
To reset the timer to zero, press and hold the
set/reset button while TIMER is displayed.
Fuel Used
Transmission Temperature
Press the trip/fuel button until FUEL USED
displays. This display shows the number of
gallons (gal) or liters (L) of fuel used since the last
reset of this menu item. To reset the fuel used
information, press and hold the set/reset button
while FUEL USED is displayed.
Press the trip/fuel button until TRANS TEMP
displays. This display shows the temperature of
the automatic transmission fluid in either degrees
Fahrenheit (°F) or degrees Celsius (°C).
Timer
This display shows no information.
Press the trip/fuel button until TIMER displays.
This display can be used as a timer.
To start the timer, press the set/reset button while
TIMER is displayed. The display will show the
amount of time that has passed since the timer
was last reset, not including time the ignition is off.
242
Blank Display
Vehicle Information Menu Items
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button to
scroll through the following menu items:
Oil Life
Press the vehicle information button until OIL LIFE
REMAINING displays. This display shows an
estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life. If you
see 99% OIL LIFE REMAINING on the display,
that means 99% of the current oil life remains.
The engine oil life system will alert you to change
your oil on a schedule consistent with your
driving conditions.
When the remaining oil life is low, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message will appear on the
display. See “CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON”
under DIC Warnings and Messages on page 245.
You should change your oil as soon as you can.
See Engine Oil on page 403. In addition to the
engine oil life system monitoring the oil life,
additional maintenance is recommended in
the Maintenance Schedule in this manual.
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 517 for
more information.
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE display
yourself after each oil change. It will not reset
itself. Also, be careful not to reset the OIL LIFE
display accidentally at any time other than
when the oil has just been changed. It cannot
be reset accurately until the next oil change.
To reset the engine oil life system, see Engine
Oil Life System on page 406.
Units
Press the vehicle information button until UNITS
displays. This display allows you to select between
English or Metric units of measurement. Once in
this display, press the set/reset button to select
between ENGLISH or METRIC units. All of
the vehicle information will then be displayed in
the unit of measurement selected.
Tire Pressure
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, the pressure for each tire can be viewed in
the DIC. The tire pressure will be shown in either
pounds per square inch (psi) or kilopascals (kPa).
243
Press the vehicle information button until the
DIC displays FRONT TIRES PSI (kPa) LEFT ##
RIGHT ##. Press the vehicle information button
again until the DIC displays REAR TIRES PSI (kPa)
LEFT ## RIGHT ##.
If a low or high tire pressure condition is detected
by the system while driving, a message advising
you to check the pressure in a specific tire
will appear in the display. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 456 and DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 245 for more information.
If the tire pressure display shows dashes instead
of a value, there may be a problem with your
vehicle. If this consistently occurs, see your
GM dealer for service.
Relearn Tire Positions
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, after rotating the tires or after replacing
a tire or sensor, the system must re-learn the
tire positions. To re-learn the tire positions, see
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 458.
See Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 463
and DIC Warnings and Messages on page 245
for more information.
Relearn Remote Key
This display allows you to match remote keyless
entry transmitters to your vehicle. To match a
remote keyless entry transmitter to your vehicle,
do the following:
1. Press the vehicle information button until
PRESS V TO RELEARN REMOTE KEY
displays.
2. Press the set/reset button until REMOTE KEY
LEARNING ACTIVE is displayed.
3. Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons
on the first transmitter at the same time for
approximately 15 seconds.
A chime will sound indicating that the
transmitter is matched.
4. To match additional transmitters at this
time, repeat Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of
eight transmitters matched to it.
5. To exit the programming mode, you must
cycle the key to LOCK.
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
244
DIC Warnings and Messages
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
Messages are displayed on the DIC to notify the
driver that the status of the vehicle has changed
and that some action may be needed by the driver
to correct the condition. Multiple messages may
appear one after another.
This message will display when the engine oil
needs to be changed. When you change the
engine oil, be sure to reset the CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON message. See Engine Oil Life
System on page 406 for information on how to
reset the message. This message will clear itself
after 10 seconds until the next ignition cycle
or until the message is reset. See Engine Oil
on page 403 and Scheduled Maintenance
on page 517 for more information.
Some messages may not require immediate
action, but you can press any of the DIC buttons
on the instrument panel to acknowledge that
you received the messages and to clear them
from the display.
Some messages cannot be cleared from the
DIC display because they are more urgent.
These messages require action before they
can be cleared. You should take any messages
that appear on the display seriously and remember
that clearing the messages will only make the
messages disappear, not correct the problem.
The following are the possible messages that can
be displayed and some information about them.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message will display when the
pressure in one or more of the vehicle’s tires need
to be checked. This message will also display
LEFT FRONT, RIGHT FRONT, LEFT REAR,
or RIGHT REAR to indicate which tire needs
to be checked. You can receive more than
one tire pressure message at a time. To read
the other messages that may have been sent
at the same time, press the set/reset button.
245
If a tire pressure message appears on the
DIC, stop as soon as you can. Have the tire
pressures checked and set to those shown on
your Tire Loading Information Label. See Tires
on page 450,Loading Your Vehicle on page 366,
and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 456.
The DIC display also shows the tire pressure
values for the front and rear tires by pressing the
vehicle information button. See DIC Operation
and Displays on page 240. If the tire pressure
is low, the low tire pressure warning light will
come on. See Tire Pressure Light on page 231.
ENGINE HOT A/C (Air Conditioning)
TURNED OFF
DRIVER DOOR OPEN
If this message continues to appear, have the
system repaired by your GM dealer as soon
as possible to avoid damage to your engine.
If the driver’s door is not fully closed and the
vehicle is in a drive gear, this message will display
and a chime will sound. Stop and turn off the
vehicle, check the door for obstructions, and close
the door again. Check to see if the message
still appears on the DIC.
246
This message will display when the engine
coolant becomes hotter than the normal operating
temperature. See Engine Coolant Temperature
Gage on page 230. To avoid added strain on
a hot engine, the air conditioning compressor
automatically turns off. When the coolant
temperature returns to normal, the air conditioning
compressor will turn back on. You can continue
to drive your vehicle.
ENGINE OIL LOW ADD OIL
If your vehicle has an oil level sensor and the
oil level in the vehicle is low, this message
will display. Check the oil level and correct it as
necessary. You may need to let the vehicle cool
or warm up and cycle the ignition to be sure
this message will clear.
This message will clear itself after 10 seconds,
until the next ignition cycle. See Engine Oil
on page 403 for additional information.
ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears
on the instrument panel cluster and/or
DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 418 for
more information.
This message will display when the engine
coolant temperature is too hot. Stop and allow
the vehicle to idle until it cools down. See
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 230.
ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears
on the instrument panel cluster and/or
DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 418 for
more information.
If the engine cooling system reaches unsafe
temperatures for operation, this message
will display and a chime will sound. Stop and
turn off the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do
so to avoid severe damage. This message
will clear when the engine has cooled to a safe
operating temperature.
See Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode on page 421 for information on driving
to a safe place in an emergency.
247
ENGINE POWER IS REDUCED
HOOD OPEN
This message will display and a chime will sound
when the cooling system temperature gets too
hot and the engine further enters the engine
coolant protection mode. See Engine Overheating
on page 418 for further information.
If the hood is not fully closed, this message will
display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the hood for obstructions,
and close the hood again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
This message will also display when the vehicle’s
engine power is reduced. Reduced engine
power can affect the vehicle’s ability to accelerate.
If this message is on, but there is no reduction
in performance, proceed to your destination.
The performance may be reduced the next time
the vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be driven
at a reduced speed while this message is on,
but acceleration and speed may be reduced.
Anytime this message stays on, the vehicle
should be taken to your GM dealer for service
as soon as possible.
LEFT REAR DOOR OPEN
FUEL LEVEL LOW
If the fuel level is low, this message will display
and a chime will sound. Refuel as soon as
possible. See Fuel Gage on page 238 and
Fuel on page 395 for more information.
248
If the driver’s side rear door is not fully closed and
the vehicle is in a drive gear, this message will
display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstructions,
and close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
MANUAL SHIFT X
If your vehicle has the Range Selection Mode
and the shift lever is in the MANUAL MODE (M)
position, the DIC will display this message along
with the current gear. If shifting is prevented for
any reason, the currently selected gear will flash
multiple times, indicating that the transmission has
not shifted gears. See Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 142 for more information.
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE
PASSENGER DOOR OPEN
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while
the engine oil pressure is low, severe engine
damage may occur. If a low oil pressure
warning appears on the Driver Information
Center (DIC), stop the vehicle as soon as
possible. Do not drive the vehicle until the
cause of the low oil pressure is corrected. See
Engine Oil on page 403 for more information.
If low oil pressure levels occur, this message
will display. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and do not operate it until the cause
of the low oil pressure has been corrected.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced by your GM dealer.
See Engine Oil on page 403.
If the passenger’s door is not fully closed and
the vehicle is in a drive gear, this message
will display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstructions,
and close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
PARKING ASSIST OFF
This message will display while you are matching
a remote keyless entry transmitter to your
vehicle. See “Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle” under Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 113 and DIC Operation
and Displays on page 240 for more information.
After the vehicle has been started, this message
will display to remind the driver that the Ultrasonic
Rear Parking Assist (URPA) system has
been turned off. Press the set/reset button to
acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display. To turn the URPA system back on,
see Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
on page 206.
REAR ACCESS OPEN
If the liftgate or liftglass is open while the ignition
is in RUN, this message will display and a
chime will sound. Turn off the vehicle and check
the liftgate and liftglass. Restart the vehicle
and check for the message on the DIC display.
REMOTE KEY LEARNING ACTIVE
249
REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
If a remote keyless entry transmitter battery is low,
this message will display. The battery needs to
be replaced in the transmitter. See “Battery
Replacement” under Remote Keyless Entry
System Operation on page 113.
RIGHT REAR DOOR OPEN
If the passenger’s side rear door is not fully closed
and the vehicle is in a drive gear, this message
will display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstructions,
and close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
SERVICE AIR BAG
If there is a problem with the airbag system, this
message will display. Have your GM dealer inspect
the system for problems. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 224 and Airbag System on page 89
for more information.
250
SERVICE BATTERY CHARGING
SYSTEM
On some vehicles, if there is a problem with the
battery charging system, this message will display.
Under certain conditions, the battery warning
light may also turn on in the instrument panel
cluster. See Charging System Light on page 227.
Driving with this problem could drain the battery.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories. Have
the electrical system checked as soon as possible.
See your GM dealer.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
If there is a problem with the brake system, this
message will display along with the brake system
warning light. See Brake System Warning Light
on page 228. If this message appears, stop
as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle.
Restart the vehicle and check for the message on
the DIC display. If the message is still displayed
or appears again when you begin driving, the
brake system needs service as soon as possible.
See your GM dealer.
SERVICE BRAKES SOON
If there is a problem with the brake system, this
message will display. If this message appears,
stop as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle.
Restart the vehicle and check for the message
on the DIC display. If the message is still displayed
or appears again when you begin driving, the
brake system needs service. See your GM dealer.
SERVICE PARKING ASSIST
This message will display if there is a problem
with the Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
system. Do not use this system to help you park.
See Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
on page 206 for more information. See your
GM dealer for service.
SERVICE STABILITRAK
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak® and this message
displays, it means there may be a problem with
the StabiliTrak® system. If you see this message,
try to reset the system. Stop; turn off the engine for
at least 15 seconds; then start the engine again.
If this message still comes on, it means there is
a problem. You should see your GM dealer for
service. The vehicle is safe to drive, however, you
do not have the benefit of StabiliTrak®, so reduce
your speed and drive accordingly.
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYSTEM
This message will display when the Road Sensing
Suspension (RSS) system is not operating
properly. Have your vehicle serviced by your
GM dealer.
SERVICE THEFT DETERRENT SYSTEM
This message will display when there is a
problem with the theft-deterrent system. The
vehicle may or may not restart so you may want
to take the vehicle to your GM dealer before
turning off the engine. See PASS-Key® III+
Operation on page 135 for more information.
251
SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
STABILITRAK OFF
If your vehicle has the Tire Pressure Monitor
(TPM) system, this message will display if a part
on the system is not working properly. If you
drive your vehicle while any of the four sensors
are missing or inoperable, the warning will
come on in about 20 minutes. A sensor would
be missing, for example, if you put different
wheels on your vehicle without transferring the
sensors. If the warning comes on and stays
on, there may be a problem with the TPM.
See your GM dealer.
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message will
display when you turn off StabiliTrak®, or when
the stability control has been automatically
disabled. To limit wheel spin and realize the full
benefits of the stability enhancement system, you
should normally leave StabiliTrak® on. However,
you should turn StabiliTrak® off if your vehicle gets
stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow and you want
to rock your vehicle to attempt to free it, or if you
are driving in extreme off-road conditions and
require more wheel spin. See If Your Vehicle is
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 364.
To turn the StabiliTrak® system on or off, see
StabiliTrak® System on page 326.
SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message
will display when there is a problem with the
traction control system. When this message is
displayed, the system will not limit wheel
spin. Adjust your driving accordingly. See your
GM dealer for service. See StabiliTrak® System
on page 326 for more information.
252
There are several conditions that can cause this
message to appear.
• One condition is overheating, which could
occur if StabiliTrak® activates continuously
for an extended period of time.
• The message will also be displayed if the
brake system warning light is on. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 228.
• The message could be displayed if the stability
system takes longer than usual to complete
its diagnostic checks due to driving conditions.
• If an engine or vehicle related problem
has been detected and the vehicle needs
service, the message will appear. See your
GM dealer.
• The message will also appear if the vehicle
is shifted into 4LO.
The message will turn off as soon as the
conditions that caused the message to be
displayed are no longer present.
TIGHTEN GAS CAP
If the vehicle’s fuel cap is not tightened properly,
this message may display along with the check
engine light on the instrument panel cluster.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 232.
Reinstall the fuel cap fully. See Filling the Tank
on page 398. The diagnostic system can determine
if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel
to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving
trips with the cap properly installed should turn
this light and message off.
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message will display when the
system is re-learning the tire positions on your
vehicle. See DIC Operation and Displays on
page 240 for more information. The tire positions
must be re-learned after rotating the tires or
after replacing a tire or sensor. See Tire Inspection
and Rotation on page 463,Tire Pressure Monitor
System on page 458, and Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 456 for more information.
253
TRACTION CONTROL OFF
®
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak , this message
will display when the traction control system
is turned off. Adjust your driving accordingly.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 326 for
more information.
TRANSMISSION HOT IDLE ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
transmission fluid is overheating and the
transmission temperature warning is displayed
on the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC,
you can damage the transmission. This could
lead to costly repairs that would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not drive your vehicle
with overheated transmission fluid or while the
transmission temperature warning is displayed.
If the transmission fluid in the vehicle gets hot,
this message will display along with a continuous
chime. Driving with the transmission fluid
temperature high can cause damage to the
vehicle. Stop the vehicle and let it idle to allow
the transmission to cool. This message will
clear and the chime will stop when the fluid
temperature reaches a safe level.
254
TURN SIGNAL ON
If a turn signal is left on for 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km),
this message will display and a chime will
sound. Move the turn signal/multifunction lever
to the off position.
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID
If the washer fluid level is low, this message will
display. Adding washer fluid to the windshield
washer reservoir will clear the message.
See Windshield Washer Fluid on page 428.
This message will clear itself after 10 seconds,
until the next ignition cycle.
DIC Vehicle Customization
Your vehicle may have customization capabilities
that allow you to program certain features to
one preferred setting. Customization features
can only be programmed to one setting on
the vehicle and cannot be programmed to a
preferred setting for two different drivers.
All of the customization options may not be
available on your vehicle. Only the options
available will be displayed on your DIC.
The default settings for the customization features
were set when your vehicle left the factory, but
may have been changed from their default
state since then.
The customization preferences are automatically
recalled.
Press the customization button until the
PRESS V TO DISPLAY IN ENGLISH screen
appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to display all DIC messages in
English.
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
To change customization preferences, use the
following procedure.
This feature allows you to select the language in
which the DIC messages will appear.
Entering the Feature Settings Menu
Press the customization button until the DISPLAY
LANGUAGE screen appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to access the
settings for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll through the
following settings:
1. Turn the ignition on and place the vehicle
in PARK (P).
2. Press the customization button to scroll
through the available customizable options.
Feature Settings Menu Items
The following are customization features that allow
you to program settings to the vehicle:
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH
This feature will only display if a language other
than English has been set. This feature allows
you to change the language in which the DIC
messages appear to English.
ENGLISH (default): All messages will appear
in English.
DEUTSCH (German): All messages will appear
in German.
ITALIANO (Italian): All messages will appear
in Italian.
FRANCAIS (French): All messages will appear
in French.
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ESPANOL (Spanish): All messages will appear
in Spanish.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
ARABIC: All messages will appear in Arabic.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
AUTO DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select when the vehicle’s
doors will automatically lock. See Programmable
Automatic Door Locks on page 122 for more
information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
SHIFT OUT OF PARK (default): The doors will
automatically lock when the vehicle is shifted out
of PARK (P).
AT VEHICLE SPEED: The doors will
automatically lock when the vehicle speed is
above 8 mph (13 km/h) for three seconds.
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AUTO DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select whether or not
to turn off the automatic door unlocking feature.
It also allows you to select which doors and
when the doors will automatically unlock. See
Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 122
for more information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: None of the doors will automatically unlock.
DRIVER AT KEY OUT: Only the driver’s door
will unlock when the key is taken out of the
ignition.
DRIVER IN PARK: Only the driver’s door will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
ALL AT KEY OUT: All of the doors will unlock
when the key is taken out of the ignition.
ALL IN PARK (default): All of the doors will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
REMOTE DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when locking the
vehicle with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
You will not receive feedback when locking
the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter if the doors are open. See Remote
Keyless Entry System Operation on page 113
for more information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no feedback when you press
the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
LIGHTS ONLY: The exterior lamps will flash
when you press the lock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
HORN ONLY: The horn will sound on the
second press of the lock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
HORN & LIGHTS (default): The exterior lamps
will flash when you press the lock button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter, and the horn
will sound when the lock button is pressed again
within five seconds of the previous command.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
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REMOTE DOOR UNLOCK
DELAY DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when unlocking the
vehicle with the remote keyless entry transmitter.
You will not receive feedback when unlocking the
vehicle with the remote keyless entry transmitter
if the doors are open. See Remote Keyless
Entry System Operation on page 113 for more
information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
This feature allows you to select whether or not
the locking of the vehicle’s doors and liftgate will be
delayed. When locking the doors and liftgate with
the power door lock switch or the remote keyless
entry transmitter and a door or the liftgate is open,
this feature will delay locking the doors and liftgate
until five seconds after the last door is closed.
You will hear three chimes to signal that the
delayed locking feature is in use. The key must be
out of the ignition for this feature to work. You can
temporarily override delayed locking by pressing
the power door lock switch or the remote keyless
entry transmitter a second time. See Delayed
Locking on page 122 for more information.
Press the customization button until DELAY DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
LIGHTS OFF: The exterior lamps will not flash
when you press the unlock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
LIGHTS ON (default): The exterior lamps will
flash when you press the unlock button on
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
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OFF: There will be no delayed locking of the
vehicle’s doors.
ON (default): The doors will not lock until
five seconds after the last door or the liftgate
is closed.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
EXIT LIGHTING
APPROACH LIGHTING
If it is dark enough outside, this feature allows
you to select the amount of time you want
the exterior lamps to remain on. This happens
after the vehicle is unlocked using the remote
keyless entry transmitter or if the vehicle key is
turned to LOCK from RUN.
Press the customization button until EXIT
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
This feature allows you to select whether or not
to have the exterior lights turn on briefly during
low light periods after unlocking the vehicle using
the remote keyless entry transmitter.
OFF: The exterior lamps will not turn on.
30 SECONDS (default): The exterior lamps will
stay on for 30 seconds.
1 MINUTE: The exterior lamps will stay on for
one minute.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
Press the customization button until APPROACH
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The exterior lights will not turn on when you
unlock the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
ON (default): If it is dark enough outside, the
exterior lights will turn on briefly when you unlock
the vehicle with the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
2 MINUTES: The exterior lamps will stay on for
two minutes.
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The lights will remain on for 20 seconds or until
the lock button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter is pressed, or the vehicle is no longer
off. See Remote Keyless Entry System Operation
on page 113 for more information.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
AUTO HIGH BEAMS
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select to have the Intellibeam™ system turned
off or on. See Exterior Lamps on page 197
for more information.
Press the customization button until AUTO HIGH
BEAMS appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): The Intellibeam™ system will be
turned off.
ON: The Intellibeam™ system will be turned on.
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NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
CHIME VOLUME
This feature allows you to select the volume level
of the chime.
Press the customization button until CHIME
VOLUME appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
NORMAL (default): The chime volume will be
set to a normal level.
LOUD: The chime volume will be set to a
loud level.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
PARK TILT MIRRORS
This feature allows you to select whether or
not the outside mirror(s) will automatically tilt down
when the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE (R).
See Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors on page 160
for more information.
Press the customization button until PARK TILT
MIRRORS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): Neither outside mirror will be tilted
down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
DRIVER MIRROR: The driver’s outside mirror will
be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
PASSENGER MIRROR: The passenger’s outside
mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R).
BOTH MIRRORS: The driver’s and passenger’s
outside mirrors will be tilted down when the vehicle
is shifted into REVERSE (R).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
EASY EXIT SEAT
This feature allows you to select your preference
for the automatic easy exit seat feature. See
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13 for
more information.
Press the customization button until EASY EXIT
SEAT appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): No automatic seat exit recall
will occur.
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ON: The driver’s seat will move back when the
key is removed from the ignition.
The automatic easy exit seat movement will
only occur one time after the key is removed
from the ignition. If the automatic movement has
already occurred, and you put the key back in
the ignition and remove it again, the seat will stay
in the original exit position, unless a memory
recall took place prior to removing the key again.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
MEMORY SEAT RECALL
This feature allows you to select your preference
for the remote memory seat recall feature.
See Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on
page 13 for more information.
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Press the customization button until MEMORY
SEAT RECALL appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): No remote memory seat recall
will occur.
ON: The driver’s seat will automatically move
to the stored driving position when the unlock
button on the remote keyless entry transmitter
is pressed.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
REMOTE START
DISPLAY DIGITAL SPEED
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
turn the remote start off or on. The remote
start feature allows you to start the engine from
outside of the vehicle using your remote keyless
entry transmitter. See “Remote Vehicle Start”
under Remote Keyless Entry System Operation
on page 113 for more information.
This feature allows you to enable or disable the
digital speedometer on the DIC.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
START appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The remote start feature will be disabled.
ON (default): The remote start feature will
be enabled.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Press the customization button until DISPLAY
DIGITAL SPEED appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to access
the settings for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll through the
following settings:
OFF: The digital speedometer will be disabled.
ON (default): The digital speedometer will
be enabled.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
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FACTORY SETTINGS
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS
This feature allows you to set all of the
customization features back to their factory
default settings.
This feature allows you to exit the feature
settings menu.
Press the customization button until FACTORY
SETTINGS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
RESTORE ALL (default): The customization
features will be set to their factory default settings.
DO NOT RESTORE: The customization features
will not be set to their factory default settings.
Choose one of the available settings and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
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Press the customization button until PRESS V TO
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS appears in the
DIC display. Press the set/reset button once to
exit the menu.
If you do not exit, pressing the customization
button again will return you to the beginning of
the feature settings menu.
Exiting the Feature Settings Menu
The feature settings menu will be exited when any
of the following occurs:
• The vehicle is no longer in RUN.
• The trip/fuel or vehicle information DIC buttons
are pressed.
• The end of the feature settings menu is
reached and exited.
• A 40 second time period has elapsed with no
selection made.
Audio System(s)
Determine which radio your vehicle has and then
read the pages following to familiarize yourself
with its features.
Driving without distraction is a necessity for a
safer driving experience. See Defensive Driving
on page 318. By taking a few moments to read
this manual and get familiar with your vehicle’s
audio system, you can use it with less effort,
as well as take advantage of its features.
While your vehicle is parked, set up your audio
system by presetting your favorite radio stations,
setting the tone, and adjusting the speakers.
Then, when driving conditions permit, you can
tune to your favorite stations using the presets and
steering wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
{CAUTION:
This system provides you with a far greater
access to audio stations and song listings.
Giving extended attention to entertainment
tasks while driving can cause a crash and
you or others can be injured or killed.
Always keep your eyes on the road and
your mind on the drive — avoid engaging
in extended searching while driving.
Keeping your mind on the drive is important for
safe driving. For more information, see Defensive
Driving on page 318.
265
Here are some ways in which you can help avoid
distraction while driving.
While your vehicle is parked:
• Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.
• Familiarize yourself with its operation.
• Set up your audio system by presetting your
favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and
adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving
conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite
radio stations using the presets and steering
wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment
to your vehicle, such as an audio system,
CD player, CB radio, mobile telephone, or
two-way radio, make sure that it can be added
by checking with your dealer. Also, check
federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be
added, it is very important to do it properly.
Added sound equipment may interfere with
the operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio,
or other systems, and even damage them.
266
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with
the operation of sound equipment that has
been added.
Notice: The chime signals related to safety
belts, parking brake, and other functions
of your vehicle operate through the radio/
entertainment system. If that equipment is
replaced or additional equipment is added
to your vehicle, the chimes may not work.
Make sure that replacement or additional
equipment is compatible with your vehicle
before installing it. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 393.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained
Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio
system can be played even after the ignition
is turned off. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 139 for more information.
Setting the Time
Setting the Date
1. Press the tune/select knob (the right knob)
to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the tune/select knob until SET CLOCK
appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/select knob to select
SET CLOCK.
4. Turn the tune/select knob to adjust the time.
1. Press the tune/select knob (the right knob)
to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the tune/select knob until SET DATE
appears on the display.
5. Press the tune/select knob to update the time.
VEHICLE TIME UPDATED will appear on
the display.
5. Press the tune/select knob to update the
time. VEHICLE DATE UPDATED will
appear on the display.
If the CLOCK/RADIO DISP is configured into
one of the configurable keys, pressing the key will
switch the display back to the clock set function.
The time and date will always appear on the radio
display. See “Configurable Radio Display Keys”
under Radio with CD and DVD on page 268
for more information on configuring the keys.
3. Press the tune/select knob to select
SET DATE.
4. Turn the tune/select knob to adjust the date.
If the DATE is configured into one of the
configurable keys, pressing the key will switch
the display back to the date set function. The time
and date will always appear on the radio display.
See “Configurable Radio Display Keys” under
Radio with CD and DVD on page 268 for more
information on configuring the keys.
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Radio with CD and DVD
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the radio
on and off.
Press and hold this knob for more than
two seconds to turn off the radio, RSE video
screen, and RSA.
n (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
268
SRCE (Source): Press this button to select a
source, either radio, CD, DVD, or auxiliary, if your
vehicle has this feature. The CD or DVD must be
loaded to select the source and to play. CD or
DVD will appear on the display if a disc is loaded.
If a CD or DVD is not loaded, the display will
change to the auxiliary source, if your vehicle has
this feature, or stay on the radio.
Vehicle Noise Compensation: Your vehicle has
a Bose® audio system. It includes Bose AudioPilot®
noise compensation technology. When turned on,
AudioPilot® continuously adjusts the audio system
equalization, to compensate for background noise,
so that your music always sounds the same at the
set volume level.
This feature is most effective at lower radio volume
settings where background noise can affect how
well you hear the music being played through
your vehicle’s audio system. At higher volume
settings, where the music is much louder than
the background noise, there may be little or no
adjustments by AudioPilot®.
To use AudioPilot®, set the radio volume at a low to
moderate listening level. Begin listening while the
vehicle is stopped with the motor running. Turn the
AudioPilot® on by pressing the tune/sel knob to
enter the main menu. Then turn the tune/sel knob
until VNC:AUDIOPILOT appears on the display.
Press the tune/sel knob to turn AudioPilot® on and
off. An X will appear in the box when it is turned on.
Then, resume driving, gradually increasing the
vehicle speed. You will notice that your music
sounds the same regardless of background noises;
such as road noise, tire hum, or wind. With the
AudioPilot® turned off, repeat this process again
without adjusting the volume or tone controls.
You will notice that background noise is now
audible, and will prevent you from hearing softer
passages of the music. To turn AudioPilot® off,
press the tune/sel knob to enter the main menu,
turn the tune/sel knob until VNC:AUDIOPILOT
appears, and press the tune/sel knob. The X in
the box will disappear when it is turned off.
For additional information on AudioPilot®,
please visit www.bose.com.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1, FM2,
or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped).
w (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio
stations.
© ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow button
to go to the previous station and stay there.
Press the right single arrow button to go to the
next station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
The radio will only seek stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
©¨ (Scan): Press the double arrow scan button
to enter scan mode. SCAN will appear on the
display. Press this button to scan to the next
station. The radio will go to a station, play for
five seconds, and then go on to the next station.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
269
To scan preset stations, press and hold the
double arrow scan button for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep and PSCAN
appears on the display. The radio will go to the
first preset station, play for five seconds, and
then go on to the next preset station. Press this
button again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
A LOCAL/DISTANT Selection: With this feature
you can set the radio to search for local stations
or stations that are further away for a larger
selection. To set this feature to LOCAL or
DISTANT, perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until SEEK LOCAL
or SEEK DISTANT appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select either
LOCAL or DISTANT.
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4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
To search for stations, press the single arrow
buttons. If the system is set to LOCAL, SEEK
will appear on the display and seek to stations
with strong signals only. If the system is set
to DISTANT, D-SEEK will appear on the display
and seek to stations with weak and strong signals.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 30 stations (six AM, six FM1, six FM2,
and six XM1 and six XM2 (if equipped)), can be
programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons,
by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, FM2, or
XM1 or XM2 (if equipped).
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for two seconds until you
hear a beep. The set preset station number
will appear on the display above the
pushbutton that it is set to. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed for less
than two seconds, the station that was set
will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To set the preset stations with an equalization
setting, DSP setting, or a PTY setting, see
each of these features later in this section.
When a preset station is selected, once
one of these additional settings is selected,
the preset station will remember each setting
and it will remain active, until the setting is
selected off for that preset station.
AUTOSTORE PRESETS: To set the preset
stations automatically, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, or FM2.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
4. Turn the tune/sel knob until AUTOSTORE
PRESETS appears on the display.
5. Press the tune/sel knob to select.
AUTOSTORE will appear on the display.
The radio will automatically search the band
and select and store the six radio stations with
the strongest signal. The stations will be
stored by signal strength, not sequential order.
The set preset station number will appear
on the display above the pushbutton that it
is set to.
6. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
When battery power is removed and later applied,
you will not have to reset your radio presets.
271
PRESETS HOME/AWAY: This feature gives you
the ability to store two different kinds of station
presets. HOME can be used for stations available
where you live and AWAY can be for stations
available outside of your local broadcasting area.
To set preset stations for home and away
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until PRESETS
HOME/AWAY appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select. HOME
or AWAY will appear on the display.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Follow the manual or automatic steps previously
listed for setting the preset pushbuttons for
both home and away.
272
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
To adjust the bass, midrange, and treble,
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel know until
BASS – MID – TREBLE appears on
the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to scroll through
the settings.
4. Turn the tune/sel knob to increase or to
decrease the bass, midrange, or treble.
If a station is weak or noisy, decrease
the treble.
5. Press the tune/sel knob to set the adjustment.
6. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
AUDIO EQUALIZER: This feature allows you to
select customized equalization settings. To choose
an equalization setting (EQ0 through EQ5),
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until EQUALIZER
appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to set the equalization
setting. The equalization setting will appear
on the display.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
The equalization settings are preset to
EQ0 (Normal), EQ1 (Pop), EQ2 (Rock),
EQ3 (Jazz), EQ4 (Talk), and EQ5 (Country).
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
To adjust the balance or fade, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until
BALANCE – FADER appears on
the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the tone
settings.
4. Press the tune/sel knob to scroll to BALANCE
or FADER.
5. Turn the tune/sel knob to adjust the BALANCE
to the right or the left speakers and the
FADER to the front or the rear speakers.
6. Press the tune/sel knob to set the adjustment.
7. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
EQ0 will not appear on the display when in
this mode.
273
Digital Signal Processing (DSP): This feature is
used to provide a choice of different listening
experiences. To choose a DSP setting, perform
the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until DSP appears
on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to set the DSP
setting. The DSP setting will appear on
the display.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
274
The DSP settings available are:
• Normal: Select this setting for normal mode,
this provides the best sound quality for all
seating positions.
• Centerpoint™: Select this setting to enable
Bose Centerpoint™. Centerpoint™ signal
processing gives surround sound listening for
a CD, MP3, or a DVD stereo audio source.
Centerpoint™ delivers five independent audio
channels from conventional stereo recordings.
• Rear: Select this setting to adjust the audio for
the rear seat passengers to receive the best
possible sound quality.
• Driver: Select this setting to adjust the audio
for the driver to receive the best possible
sound quality.
• 5.1 Surround: Select this setting to turn on
true 5.1 surround sound processing,
available for DVD-A or DVD-V sources that
were recorded in 5.1 Surround.
− 5.1 Surround + Normal — this mode is
optimized for all seating positions.
− 5.1 Surround + Rear — this mode is
optimized for rear seat occupants.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in
the 48 contiguous United States and in Canada.
XM™ offers over 100 coast to coast channels
including music, news, sports, talk, and children’s
programming. XM™ provides digital quality
audio and text information, including song title and
artist name. A service fee is required in order to
receive the XM™ service. For more information,
contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or call
1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
4 (Information): Press this button while in XM™
mode to retrieve three different categories of
information related to the current song or channel:
Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY. To view
this information, perform the following:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until INFO appears
on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select INFO.
The display will change to show the
additional XM™ information.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Radio Data System (RDS)
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM
stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, the radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected
type of programming
• Receive announcements concerning local
and national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
This system relies upon receiving specific
information from these stations and will only
work when the information is available. In rare
cases, a radio station may broadcast incorrect
information that will cause the radio features
to work improperly. If this happens, contact the
radio station.
275
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the
station name or call letters will appear on the
display instead of the frequency. RDS stations may
also provide the time of day, a program type (PTY)
for current programming, and the name of the
program being broadcast.
RDS Messages
ALERT: Alert warns of local and national
emergencies. When, an alert announcement comes
on the current radio station or a related network
station, ALERT will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is
low or a CD or DVD is playing. If a CD or DVD is
playing, play will stop during the announcement.
Alert announcements cannot be turned off. If the
radio tunes to a related network station for the
announcement, it will return to the original station
when the announcement is finished.
ALERT will not be affected by tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is
not supported by all RDS stations.
276
MSG (Message): If the current RDS station has
a message, MSG will appear on the display.
The message may display the artist, song title,
call in phone numbers, etc. If the entire message
does not appear on the display, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds until
the message is completed. Once the completed
message has been displayed, MSG will disappear
from the display until another new message is
received.
To display the last message, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until RECALL RDS
MESSAGE appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob. The message will
appear on the display.
Once the message has been displayed, MSG
will disappear from the display until another new
message is received.
TP (Traffic Program): TP will appear on the
display when the radio detects a signal from an
RDS station that has traffic announcement
broadcast capability.
The radio will play traffic announcements if the
volume is low. The radio will interrupt the play of
a CD or DVD if the last tuned station broadcasts
traffic announcements.
TA (Traffic Announcement): If TA appears on
the display, the tuned radio station broadcasts
traffic announcements and when a traffic
announcement comes on the tuned station
you will hear it.
To turn TA on or off, perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
If the station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, when TA is turned on it will
seek to a station that does. When a station that
broadcasts traffic announcements is found,
the radio will stop seeking and TA will appear on
the display. If no station is found that broadcasts
traffic announcements, No Traffic will appear
on the display.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until TRAFFIC
ANNOUNCE appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select ON or OFF.
An X will appear in the box when TA is
selected on.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
277
Activating Program Type (PTY)
Stations (RDS and XM™)
PTY allows you to search for stations with specific
types of music. The selectable PTYs are POP,
EASY, TALK, CNTRY (Country), CLASS
(Classical), and JAZZ.
To activate program types, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until PROGRAM TYPE
MODE appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select ON or OFF.
When PTY is selected, an X wil appear in
the ON box.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Once program type is activated the PTYs will
appear on the display above the pushbuttons,
in place of the preset stations (if programmed).
278
Press the pushbutton for the desired PTY.
The radio may not go to all of the stations with
that music type when pressing the pushbutton,
as not all stations support PTYs.
AF (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with
the same program type.
To turn AF on or off, perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until ALTERNATE
FREQ. appear on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select AF OFF,
AF ON, or AF REG. When AF is selected
an X will appear in that box.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Radio Message
THEFTLOCK: This message is displayed when
the THEFTLOCK® system has been activated.
Take the vehicle to the dealer for service.
Radio Messages for XM™ Only
See XM Radio Messages on page 297 later in
this section for further detail.
Using the Six-Disc CD Changer
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality may be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There may be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in
loading and ejecting. If these problems occur,
check the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface
of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken,
or scratched, the CD will not play properly.
If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of
Your CDs and DVDs on page 315 for more
information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert
more than one CD into the slot at a time, or
attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you
could damage the CD player. When using the
CD player, use only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a time, and
keep the CD player and the loading slot free of
foreign materials, liquids, and debris.
Do not add any label to a CD; it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded
CD with a marking pen instead.
If an error appears on the display, see
“CD Messages” later in this section.
279
When a CD is inserted, the CD functions will
appear on the display above the pushbuttons,
in place of the preset stations, if programmed.
M (Load): Press this button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and release the load button. Please
Wait will appear on the display.
3. When INSERT appears on the display, insert
a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, CD will appear on the
display, the number of the CD and the track number
will appear on the display if the radio is on.
If the radio is on, the CD will begin to play
automatically.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and hold the load button for
two seconds. Please Wait will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep.
280
3. When INSERT appears on the display, insert
a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
Do not load a CD until INSERT appears on
the display. The CD player will take up
to six CDs. Do not try to load more than six.
If you want to load less than six CDs, load
the desired amount. The CD player will
time out when it does not receive any more
CDs and the last CD loaded will begin to play.
If the radio is on, the last CD loaded will begin
to play automatically.
F1 DISCn(Down): Press this pushbutton to go
to the previous CD.
F2 DISCm(Up): Press this pushbutton to go to
the next CD.
F3 CD REV { (Reverse): Press and hold this
pushbutton to reverse quickly within the track.
Holding the pushbutton will play in reverse
at 10 times the normal speed. After holding it
for more than four seconds it will play in reverse
at 20 times the normal speed. Release this
pushbutton to play the passage. The elapsed
time of the track will appear on the display.
F4 CD FWD | (Forward): Press and hold this
pushbutton to advance quickly within the track.
Holding the pushbutton will play at 10 times
the normal speed. After holding it for more than
four seconds it will play at 20 times the normal
speed. Release this pushbutton to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will
appear on the display.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK (Repeat Track), RPT
DISC (Repeat CD), RDM TRCK (Random Track),
and RDM ALL (Random All CDs).
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play of
the CD(s).
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton
again to turn off repeat play and advance to
the next mode.
• RPT DISC (Repeat CD): Repeats the CD
over again. RPT DISC will appear on the
display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to
the next mode.
• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
tracks on the current CD in random, rather
than sequential order. RDM TRCK will appear
on the display. Press the MODE pushbutton
again to turn off random play and advance to
the next mode.
• RDM ALL (Random All CDs): Plays all of the
CDs loaded in random, rather than sequential
order. RDM ALL will appear on the display.
Press the MODE pushbutton again to turn off
random play and advance to the next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
©or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow to go
to the start of the current track. Press it again
to go to the previous track, or press the right
single arrow to go to the start of the next track.
Pressing either arrow for more than 2 seconds
will search the previous or next tracks at two tracks
per second. Release the button to stop searching
and to play the track.
281
©¨ (Scan): Press this double arrow button to
Using an MP3 CD
listen to each track for 10 seconds. The CD will
go to a track, play for 10 seconds, and then go
on to the next track. Press this button again
to stop scanning.
MP3 Format
SRCE (Source): Press this button to select a
source, either radio, CD, DVD or AUX, if your
vehicle has this feature. The CD must be loaded
to select the source and to play. CD will appear on
the display if a CD is loaded. If a CD is not loaded,
the display will change to the next available source,
either DVD, AUX, if your vehicle has this feature,
or radio.
Z (Eject): Press this button to eject the CD that
is currently playing, or press and hold this button
to eject all of the CDs loaded. You will hear a beep.
Eject may be activated with the ignition or radio off.
If the CD is not removed after a short time, the CD
will be brought back into the CD player for storage.
282
If you burn your own MP3 disc on a personal
computer:
• Make sure the MP3 files are recorded on
a CD-R disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3 files
on one disc.
• Make sure playlists have a.m3u or.wpl
extension, other file extensions may not work.
• Files can be recorded with a variety of fixed
or variable bit rates. Song title, artist name,
and album will be available for display by
the radio when recorded using ID3 tags
version 1 and 2.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy
to find songs while driving. Organize songs
by albums using one folder for each album.
Each folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Make sure to finalize the disc when burning
an MP3 disc, using multiple sessions. It is
usually better to burn the disc all at once.
The player will be able to read and play a
maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions,
and 255 files. Long file names, folder names,
or playlist names may use more disc memory
space than necessary. To conserve space on the
disc, minimize the length of the file, folder or
playlist names. You can also play an MP3 CD that
was recorded using no file folders. The system
can support up to 11 folders in depth, though,
keep the depth of the folders to a minimum
in order to keep down the complexity and
confusion in trying to locate a particular folder
during playback. If a CD contains more than the
maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions,
and 255 files the player will let you access and
navigate up to the maximum, but all items over
the maximum will be ignored.
Root Directory
The root directory will be treated as a folder.
If the root directory has compressed audio files,
the directory will be displayed as F1 ROOT.
All files contained directly under the root directory
will be accessed prior to any root directory
folders. However, playlists (Px) will always be
accessed before root folders or files.
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere
in the file structure that contains only folders/
subfolders and no compressed files directly
beneath them, the player will advance to the
next folder in the file structure that contains
compressed audio files and the empty folder
will not be displayed or numbered.
No Folder
When the CD contains only compressed files,
the files will be located under the root folder.
The next and previous folder functions will have
no function on a CD that was recorded without
folders or playlists. When displaying the name
of the folder the radio will display ROOT.
When the CD contains only playlists and
compressed audio files, but no folders, all files
will be located under the root folder. The folder
down and the folder up buttons will search
playlists (Px) first and then go to the root folder.
When the radio displays the name of the folder
the radio will display ROOT.
283
Order of Play
File System and Naming
Tracks will be played in the following order:
• Play will begin from the first track in the
first playlist and will continue sequentially
through all tracks in each playlist. When
the last track of the last playlist has been
played, play will continue from the first track
of the first playlist.
• If the CD does not contain any playlists, and
then play will begin from the first track
under the root directory. When all tracks
from the root directory have been played,
play will continue from files according to
their numerical listing. After playing the last
track from the last folder, play will begin
again at the first track of the first folder or
root directory.
The song name that will be displayed will be
the song name that is contained in the ID3 tag.
If the song name is not present in the ID3 tag, and
then the radio will display the file name without
the extension (such as .mp3) as the track name.
When play enters a new folder, the display will
not automatically show the new folder name.
The new track name will appear on the display.
284
Track names longer than 32 characters or
four pages will be shortened. The display will not
show parts of words on the last page of text
and the extension of the filename will not be
displayed.
Preprogrammed Playlists
You can access preprogrammed playlists which
were created by WinAmp™, MusicMatch™,
or Real Jukebox™ software, however, you will
not have editing capability. These playlists will be
treated as special folders containing compressed
audio song files.
Playing an MP3
M (Load): Press this button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and release the load button. Please
Wait will appear on the display.
3. When INSERT appears on the display, insert
a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, CD will appear on the
display, the number of the CD and the track number
will appear on the display if the radio is on.
If the radio is on, the CD will begin to play
automatically.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in
the player it will stay in the player. When the
ignition or radio is turned on, the CD will start to
play where it stopped, if it was the last selected
audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number
will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality may be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There may be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the
CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken,
or scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the
surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your
CDs and DVDs on page 315 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
285
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert
more than one CD into the slot at a time, or
attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs,
you could damage the CD player. When using
the CD player, use only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a time, and
keep the CD player and the loading slot free
of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.
Do not add any label to a CD; it could get
caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on
a personal computer and a description label
is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded
CD with a marking pen instead.
If an error appears on the display, see
“CD Messages” later in this section.
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast reverse mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play in reverse at 10 times the normal
speed. After holding it for more than four seconds
it will play in reverse at 20 times the normal
speed. Release the pushbutton to return to normal
play mode. The radio will be muted during the
reverse mode.
286
A quick press of this pushbutton will go to the
beginning of the previous folder.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast forward mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play at 10 times the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play
at 20 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
A quick press of this pushbutton will go to the
beginning of the next folder.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK, and RDM TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play of
the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
tracks on the current DVD in random,
rather than sequential order. RDM TRCK
will appear on the display. Press the MODE
pushbutton again to turn off random play
and advance to the next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
©or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow button
to go to the start of the current track. Press it
again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next track.
Press the right arrow to go to the start of the
next track. Pressing either arrow for more than
two seconds will search the previous or next tracks
at two tracks per second. Release the button to
stop searching and to play the track.
©¨ (Scan): Press the double arrow button to
scan the tracks in each folder. The radio will go
to the next track, play for 10 seconds, and then
go on to the next track. Press this button again
to stop scanning.
w (Tune): Turning the tune knob will fast track
reverse or advance through the tracks in all folders
or playlists. The track number and file name will
appear on the display for each track. Turning
this knob while in random will fast track reverse
or advance the tracks in sequential order.
4 (Information): Press this button, while an MP3
CD is loaded, to view the Title, Artist, Album,
or Folder names. To view this information, perform
the following:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until INFO appears
on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select INFO.
The display will change to show the additional
MP3 information.
4. Press one of the following pushbuttons to
view that specific information.
• F1 TTLE (Title): To display the title name.
• F2 ATST (Artist): To display the
artist name.
• F3 ALBM (Album): To display the
album name.
• F4 FLDR (Folder): To display the
folder name.
5. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the display.
To return to the original display, repeatedly
press the BACK (F6) button or wait for the
display to time out.
287
SRCE (Source): Press this button to select
a source, either radio, CD, DVD, or AUX, if your
vehicle has this feature. The CD must be loaded
to select the source and to play. CD will appear
on the display if a CD is loaded. If a CD is
not loaded, the display will change to the next
available source, either DVD, AUX, if your vehicle
has this feature, or radio.
Z (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD.
Eject may be activated with the ignition and
the radio off. If the CD is not removed after a
short time, the CD will be brought back into the
CD player for storage.
CD Messages
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns
to normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road.
When the road becomes smoother, the
CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an
hour and try again.
• The format of the CD may not be compatible.
See “MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
• There may have been a problem while
burning the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the
radio displays an error message, write it down
and provide it to your GM dealer when reporting
the problem.
288
Using the DVD Player
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio
are on, the CD or DVD will begin playing. A DVD
may be loaded with the radio off, but it will not start
playing until the radio is on, and sourced to DVD.
The DVD player can be controlled by the buttons
on the radio, the rear seat audio system, and the
remote control, if your vehicle has this feature.
See the Rear Seat Entertainment System on
page 299 for more information. A DVD icon will
display whenever a disc is loaded. The DVD player
can also be run for passengers in the rear seat with
the radio off. The rear seat passenger can power on
the video screen and use the remote control to
navigate the disc. See Rear Seat Entertainment
System on page 299 for more information.
The DVD player is only compatible with DVDs
of the appropriate region code. The region code
is printed on the jacket of most DVDs.
DVD video, DVD audio, DVD-R/RW, and DVD +
R/RW are fully supported by this DVD player.
In addition, standard audio CDs, CD-R, CD-RW,
video CD, SACD, MP3, and WMA formatted
discs are fully supported. If a disc is inserted that
is not supported, an error message will display
and the disc will be ejected.
When a DVD is inserted, the DVD functions will
appear on the display above the pushbuttons,
in place of the preset stations. These functions
vary based on the type of disc that is inserted.
Loading the disc can take some time as the DVD
player reads the disc and determines the type.
Z (Eject): Press this button to eject the DVD
or CD. Eject may be activated with the ignition
or radio off. If the disc is not removed after a
short time, the disc will be pulled back into the
DVD player for storage.
289
DVD Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns
to normal, the disc should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road.
When the road becomes smoother, the
disc should play.
• The disc is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about
an hour and try again.
• The region code on your DVD may not be
correct for your region.
• The format of the disc may not be compatible.
See “MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
• There may have been a problem while
burning the disc.
• The label may be caught in the DVD player.
If the disc is not playing correctly, for any
other reason, try a known good disc.
290
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the
radio displays an error message, write it down
and provide it to your GM dealer when reporting
the problem.
Playing a DVD Video
F1 (Play/Pause): Press this pushbutton to turn on
the video screen, if your vehicle has this feature,
and begin playing the DVD. Press this pushbutton
to pause the DVD if it is playing. Press Play (F1)
to restart the DVD if it is paused.
F2 (Stop): Press this pushbutton once to stop
the DVD and retain your current position. Press
it again from the stopped state to return to
the beginning of the disc.
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton,
if the DVD is playing, to enter fast reverse mode.
Holding the pushbutton will play in reverse at
four times the normal speed. After holding it for
more than four seconds it will play in reverse
at 32 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
F4 (Forward): If the DVD player is playing,
press and hold this pushbutton to enter fast
forward mode. Holding the pushbutton will play
at four times the normal speed. After holding it
for more than four seconds it will play at 32 times
the normal speed. Release the pushbutton to
return to normal play mode.
Press and hold this pushbutton, if the DVD is
playing, to enter slow forward mode. Holding the
pushbutton will play at half the normal speed.
After holding it for more than four seconds it will
play at an eighth the normal speed. Release
the pushbutton to return to the pause state.
F6 (Menu): Press this pushbutton to go to
the DVD root menu and to bring up the menu
navigation arrows. Pressing keys F1 through F4
will move the cursor to navigate the DVD menu.
Press F6 to enter your selection.
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to
go to the start of the current chapter. Turn it
again to go to the previous chapter, or turn to
the right one notch to go to the next chapter.
INFO: Press the programmed INFO soft key,
or press the TUNE/SEL knob and rotate until INFO
is shown, and then press the TUNE/SEL knob.
Pressing INFO brings up the Information display.
It shows the current Title number, Chapter
number and elapsed time of the DVD, and
additional menu items.
• F1 SUB: Press this pushbutton to view the
Subtitle Language Menu.
• F2 ANGLE: Press this pushbutton to view
the Angle Menu.
• F6 BACK: Press this pushbutton to return
to the previous screen.
©or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow button
to go to the start of the current chapter. Press it
again to go to the previous chapter, or press
the right single arrow button to go to the next
chapter. Press and hold these buttons to change
chapter at a rate of one per second.
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Playing a DVD Audio Disc
Not all DVD audio discs are recorded to industry
standards and for this reason may not play
properly in your vehicle.
F1 (Play/Pause): Press this pushbutton to pause
the DVD if it is playing. Press Play (F1) to restart
the DVD if it is paused.
F2 (Stop): Press this pushbutton once to stop
the DVD and retain your current position. Press
it again from the stopped state to return to
the beginning of the disc.
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton,
if the DVD player is playing, to enter fast reverse
mode. Holding the pushbutton will play in reverse
at four times the normal speed. After holding it for
more than four seconds it will play in reverse at
32 times the normal speed. Release the pushbutton
to return to normal play mode.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton,
if the DVD player is playing, to enter fast forward
mode. Holding the pushbutton will play at
four times the normal speed. After holding it for
more than four seconds it will play in reverse
at 32 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
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F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, and RPT TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play
of the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display DVD PLAY MODE.
©or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow button
to go to the start of the current track. Press it
again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next track.
Press and hold these buttons to change tracks at
a rate of one per second.
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to
go to the start of the current track. Turn it again
to go to the previous track, or turn to the right
one notch to go to the next track.
If your vehicle has rear seat entertainment,
you can view the menu and playlist from your
DVD audio disc on the video screen. Turn on
the video screen with the power button on
the remote control to view and navigate the
menu and playlists. See Rear Seat Entertainment
System on page 299 for more information.
Playing a CD in the DVD Drive
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast reverse mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play in reverse at four times the normal speed.
After holding it for more than four seconds it will
play in reverse at 32 times the normal speed.
Release the pushbutton to return to normal
play mode.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast forward mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play at four times the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play
at 32 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK, and RDM TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play
of the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton
again to turn off repeat play and advance to
the next mode.
• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
tracks on the current DVD in random,
rather than sequential order. RDM TRCK
will appear on the display. Press the MODE
pushbutton again to turn off random play
and advance to the next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
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©or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow button
Playing an MP3 Formatted Disc
to go to the start of the current track. Press it
again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next track.
Press and hold these buttons to change tracks
at a rate of one per second.
See “Using an MP3 CD” earlier in this section for
additional information.
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to
go to the start of the current track. Turn it again
to go to the previous track, or turn to the right
one notch to go to the next track.
©¨ (Scan): Press this double arrow button to
listen to each track for 10 seconds. The CD will
go to a track, play for 10 seconds, and then go
on to the next track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
If your vehicle has rear seat entertainment, you
can view the track details from your CD on
the video screen. Turn on the video screen with
the power button on the remote control to view and
navigate the tracks. See Rear Seat Entertainment
System on page 299 for more information.
294
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast reverse mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play in reverse at four times the normal speed.
After holding it for more than four seconds it will
play in reverse at 32 times the normal speed.
Release the pushbutton to return to normal
play mode.
A quick press of this pushbutton will go to the
beginning of the previous folder.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast forward mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play at four times the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play
at 32 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
A quick press of this pushbutton will advance to
the next folder.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK, and RDM TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play
of the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton
again to turn off repeat play and advance to
the next mode.
• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
tracks on the current DVD in random,
rather than sequential order. RDM TRCK
will appear on the display. Press the MODE
pushbutton again to turn off random play
and advance to the next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
©or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow button
to go to the start of the current track. Press it
again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next track.
Press and hold these buttons to change tracks
at a rate of one per second.
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to
go to the start of the current track. Turn it again
to go to the previous track, or turn to the right
one notch to go to the next track.
©¨ (Scan): Press this double arrow button to
listen to each track for 10 seconds. The CD will
go to a track, play for 10 seconds, and then go
on to the next track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
If your vehicle is equipped with rear seat
entertainment, you can view the menu and playlist
from your CD on the video screen. Turn on the
video screen with the power button on the remote
control to view and navigate the menu and
playlists. See Rear Seat Entertainment System
on page 299 for more information.
Using the AUX Display (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has rear seat entertainment, you will
see an AUX screen as you press through the SRCE
key. When AUX is selected in the front, the audio
from the device plugged into the auxiliary jacks in
the rear will be played over the vehicle speakers.
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You have the ability to select between AUX and
DVD video on the video screen while listening
to AUX audio. See Rear Seat Entertainment
System on page 299 for more information on
the auxiliary jacks.
SRCE (Source): Press this pushbutton to select
the AUX display.
F2 (DVD): Press this pushbutton to select DVD
video on the video screen in the rear, with
AUX audio on the vehicle speakers.
F5 (AUX): Press his pushbutton to select AUX
video on the video screen in the rear, with AUX
audio on the vehicle speakers.
Configurable Radio Display Keys
This feature allows you to customize the four keys
that are located on each side of the radio display
to make it easier to adjust the radio features.
To program the configurable radio display keys,
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until SETUP appears
on the display.
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3. Press the tune/sel knob to enter into SETUP.
4. Turn the tune/sel knob until CONFIGURE
DISPLAY KEYS appears on the display.
5. Press the tune/sel knob to enter into
CONFIGURE DISPLAY KEYS.
6. Turn the tune/sel knob to select which of
the four configurable keys you would like
to change. The currently assigned feature
will be shown.
7. Press the tune/sel knob to select the
configurable key to change.
8. Turn the tune/sel knob to find the feature that
you would like to store to the key.
9. Press the tune/sel knob when you have found
the feature to be stored. The display will
update, by showing the symbol of the feature
that you selected next to the configurable key.
10. Repeat the previous steps for each
configurable key.
Once a feature is programmed to a key, the
feature will not appear on the display when
programming the remaining configurable keys.
The configurable keys can be changed at any time.
XM Radio Messages
Radio Display Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
XM Updating
Updating encryption code The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and no
action is required. This process should take no longer than
30 seconds.
No Signl
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When the vehicle is
moved into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and text
data. No action is needed. This message should disappear
shortly.
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune in to another
channel.
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the presets,
choose another station for that preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature
not available
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
The system is working properly.
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Radio Display Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Song/Program Title
not available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No Info
Category Name
not available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this time
on this channel. The system is working properly.
XM Lock
Theft lock active
The XM™ receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM™ receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this message is
received after having your vehicle serviced, check with your
GM dealer.
Radio ID
Radio ID label (channel 0) If tuned to channel 0, this message will alternate with the
XM™ Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This label is needed to
activate the service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only occur with
hardware failure)
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there
may be a receiver fault. Consult with your GM dealer.
Check XM
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver may have a fault. Consult with your GM dealer.
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Navigation/Radio System
Driver Control of the Audio System
Your vehicle may have a navigation radio system.
The driver has basic control of the whole audio
system. If the driver decides to globally turn
the audio system off, the driver can press and
hold the power knob for more than two seconds
to turn off the radio, rear seat entertainment (RSE),
and the rear seat audio (RSA). See Radio with
CD and DVD on page 268 for more information.
The navigation system has built-in features
intended to minimize driver distraction. Technology
alone, no matter how advanced, can never
replace your own judgment. See the Navigation
System manual for some tips to help you
reduce distractions while driving.
Rear Seat Entertainment System
Your vehicle may have a DVD Rear Seat
Entertainment (RSE) system. The RSE system
works with the vehicle’s audio system. The DVD
player is part of the front radio. The RSE system
includes a radio with a DVD player, a video
display screen, two wireless headphones, and
a remote control. See Radio with CD and DVD
on page 268 for more information on the vehicle’s
audio/DVD system.
If your vehicle has the navigation system, see the
Navigation System manual for more information.
Before You Drive
The RSE is designed for rear seat passengers
only. The driver cannot safely view the video
screen while driving and should not try to do so.
In severe or extreme weather conditions the
RSE system may or may not work until the
temperature is within the operating range.
The operating range for the RSE system is
above −4°F (−20°C) or below 140°F (60°C).
If the temperature of your vehicle is outside of
this range, heat or cool the vehicle until the
temperature is within the operating range of
the RSE system.
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Headphones
If your vehicle has a third row video screen
display, it will have two additional headphones.
Push the power button to turn on the headphones.
An indicator light located on the headphones
will illuminate. If the light does not illuminate, the
batteries may need to be replaced. See “Battery
Replacement” later in this section for more
information. Switch the headphones to Off when
not in use. Channel 1 is dedicated to the video
screen, while Channel 2 is dedicated to RSA
selections.
The RSE includes two 2-channel wireless
headphones that are dedicated to this system.
These headphones are used to listen to media
such as CDs, DVDs, MP3s, DVDAs, radio, or
any auxiliary source connected to the auxiliary
input jack, if your vehicle has this feature or A/V
jacks. The wireless headphones have a power
On/Off button, channel selector switch (1 or 2),
and a volume control.
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The infrared transmitters are located at the rear
of the RSE overhead console. The headphones
will shut off automatically to save the battery power
if the DVD system is shut off or if the headphones
are out of range of the transmitters for more
than 3 minutes. If you move too far forward or
step out of the vehicle, the headphones will lose
the audio signal.
The headphones will automatically turn off after
4 hours of continuous use.
To adjust the volume on the headphones, use
the volume control located on the right side.
For optimal audio performance, the headphones
must be worn correctly. The symbol L (Left)
will appear on the upper left side, above the ear
pad and should be positioned on the left ear.
The symbol R (Right) will appear on the upper
right side, above the ear pad and should be
positioned on the right ear.
Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat
or direct sunlight. This could damage the
headphones and repairs will not be covered by
your warranty. Keep the headphones stored
in a cool, dry place.
The foam ear pads attached to the headphones
may become worn or damaged if they are
not handled or stored properly. If the foam ear
pads do become damaged or worn out, the pads
can be replaced separately from the headphone
set. It is not necessary to replace the complete
headphone set. The headphone replacement
foam ear pads can be ordered in pairs. See your
dealer for more information.
Battery Replacement
To change the batteries, do the following:
1. Turn the screw with a coin or screw driver
to loosen, then slide open the battery door
located on the left side of the headphones.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the
compartment. Make sure that they are
installed correctly, using the diagram on
the inside of the battery compartment.
3. Replace the battery door and tighten the
door screw.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long
period of time, remove the batteries and keep
them in a cool, dry place.
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Audio/Video (A/V) Jacks
The A/V jacks are color coded to match typical
home entertainment system equipment. The
yellow jack is for the video input. The white jack
is for the left audio input. The red jack is for
the right audio input.
Power for auxiliary devices is not supplied by
the radio system.
The A/V jacks are located on the rear of the
floor console. The A/V jacks allow audio or
video signals to be connected from an auxiliary
device such as a camcorder or a video game
unit to the RSE system. Adapter connectors
or cables may be required to connect the
auxiliary device to the A/V jacks. Refer to the
manufacturer’s instructions for proper usage.
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To use the auxiliary inputs of the RSE system,
connect an external auxiliary device to the
color-coded A/V jacks and turn both the auxiliary
device and the video screen power on. If the video
screen is in the DVD player mode, pressing the
AUX button on the remote control will switch the
video screen from the DVD player mode to the
auxiliary device. The radio can listen to the audio
of the connected auxiliary device by sourcing to
auxiliary. See Radio with CD and DVD on page 268
for more information.
How to Change the Video Format
When in the Auxiliary Mode
The auxiliary input video format is preset to
NTSC. In some countries, the video format may
be PAL. To change the video format, perform
the following:
1. Press the display menu button on the
remote control.
2. Select screen option and press enter to
select.
3. Press the up or down arrow buttons to
select the video format option and press
enter to set the format.
Audio Output
Audio from the DVD player or auxiliary inputs may
be heard through the following possible sources:
• Wireless Headphones
• Vehicle Speakers
• Vehicle wired headphone jacks on the
rear seat audio system, if your vehicle has
this feature.
The RSE system will always transmit the audio
signal to the wireless headphones, if there is
audio available. See “Headphones” earlier in this
section for more information.
The DVD player is capable of outputting audio to
the wired headphone jacks on the RSA system,
if your vehicle has this feature. The DVD
player may be selected as an audio source on
the RSA system. See Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
on page 310 for more information.
When a device is connected to the A/V jacks,
the rear seat passengers will be able to hear audio
from the auxiliary device through the wireless or
wired headphones. The front seat passenges
will be able to listen to playback from this device
through the vehicle speakers by selecting AUX
as the source on the radio.
If a playback device is plugged into the radio’s
auxiliary input jack, the front seat passengers will
be able to listen to playback from this device
through the vehicle speakers by selecting AUX
as the source on the radio.
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Video Screen
Remote Control
The video screen is located in the RSE overhead
console.
To use the remote control, aim it at the transmitter
window at the rear of the RSE overhead console
and press the desired button. Direct sunlight
or very bright light may affect the ability of the
RSE transmitter to receive signals from the remote
control. If the remote control does not seem to
be working, the batteries may need to be replaced.
See “Battery Replacement” later in this section.
Objects blocking the line of sight may also
affect the function of the remote control.
To use the video screen, do the following:
1. Push the release button located on the
RSE overhead console.
2. Rotate the screen to the desired position.
When the video screen is not in use, push it up
into its locked position.
If a DVD is playing and the screen is raised to
its locked position, the screen will remain on,
this is normal, and the DVD will continue to play
through the previous audio source.
The RSE overhead console contains the IR
transmitters for the wireless headphones and
the IR receivers for the remote control. They are
located at the rear of the console.
Notice: Avoid directly touching the video
screen, as damage may occur. See “Cleaning
the Video Screen” later in this section for
more information.
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If a CD or DVD is in the Radio DVD slot, the
remote control power button can be used to turn
on the video screen display and start the disc. The
radio can also turn on the video screen display.
See Radio with CD and DVD on page 268
for more information.
Notice: Storing the remote control in a hot
area or in direct sunlight may damage it,
and the repairs will not be covered by your
warranty. Keep the remote control stored in
a cool, dry place.
Remote Control Buttons
v (Title): Press this button to return the DVD
to the main menu of the DVD. This function may
vary for each disc.
y (Main Menu): Press this button to access
the DVD menu. The DVD menu is different
on every DVD. Use the up, down, left, and right
arrow buttons to move the cursor around the
DVD menu. After making a selection press the
enter button. This button only operates when
using a DVD.
Q, R, q, r (Menu Navigation Arrows): Use
the arrow buttons to navigate through a menu.
O(Power): Press this button to turn the video
r (Enter): Press this button to select the choice
that is highlighted in any menu.
screen on and off.
z (Display Menu): Press this button to adjust
P (Illumination): Press this button to turn the
the brightness, screen display mode (normal,
full, or zoom), and display the language menu.
remote control backlight on. The backlight
will automatically time out after 7 to 10 seconds
if no other button is pressed while the backlight
is on.
q(Return): Press this button to exit the current
active menu and return to the previous menu.
This button will operate only when the display
menu or a DVD menu is active.
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c(Stop): Press this button to stop playing,
rewinding, or fast forwarding a DVD. Press this
button twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
s (Play/Pause): Press this button to start
playing a DVD. Press this button while a DVD is
playing to pause it. Press it again to continue
playing the DVD.
u (Next Track/Chapter): Press this button to
go to the beginning of the next chapter or
track. This button may not work when the DVD is
playing the copyright information or the previews.
r (Fast Reverse): Press this button to fast
reverse the DVD or CD. To stop fast reversing
a DVD video, press the play button. To stop fast
reversing a DVD audio or CD, release the fast
reverse button. This button may not work when
the DVD is playing the copyright information or
the previews.
When the DVD is playing, depending on the
radio, you may be able to do slow play by pressing
the pause button then pressing the fast forward
button. The DVD will continue playing in a
slow play mode. You may also, depending on
the radio, perform reverse slow play by pressing
the pause button and then pressing the fast
reverse button. To cancel slow play mode,
press the play/pause button.
[ (Fast Forward): Press this button to fast
t (Previous Track/Chapter): Press this button
to return to the start of the current track or chapter.
Press this button again to go to the previous
track or chapter. This button may not work when
the DVD is playing the copyright information or
the previews.
e (Audio): Press this button to change audio
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forward the DVD or CD. To stop fast forwarding
a DVD video, press the play button. To stop
fast forwarding a DVD audio or CD, release the
fast forward button. This button may not work
when the DVD is playing the copyright information
or the previews.
tracks on DVDs that have this feature when
the DVD is playing. The format and content of
this function will vary for each disc.
{ (Subtitles): Press this button to turn ON/OFF
subtitles and to move through subtitle options
when a DVD is playing. The format and content
of this function will vary for each disc.
d (Camera): Press this button to change
camera angles on DVDs that have this feature
when a DVD is playing. The format and content
of this function will vary for each disc.
AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to switch the
system between the DVD player and an auxiliary
source.
1 through 0 (Numeric Keypad): The numeric
keypad provides the capability of direct chapter
or track number selection.
If your vehicle has a third row video screen, the
AUX button will control the source display on
the second row video screen, and the third row
video screen as described in the table below:
\ (Clear): Press this button within three seconds
Aux Button
Press
Second Row
Screen
Third Row
Screen
Default State
(No Press)
DVD Media
DVD Media
First Press
Aux Video
Source
Aux Video
Source
Second Press
DVD Media
Aux Video
Source
Third Press
Aux Video
Source
DVD Media
Fourth Press
Return to
Default State
Return to
Default State
after entering a numeric selection, to clear all
numeric inputs.
} 10 (Double Digit Entries): Press this button to
select chapter or track numbers greater than 9.
Press this button before entering the number.
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Battery Replacement
Problem
To change the remote control batteries, do the
following:
1. Remove the battery compartment door
located on the bottom of the remote control.
2. Replace the two AA batteries in the
compartment. Make sure that they are
installed correctly, using the diagram on
the inside of the battery compartment.
In auxiliary mode, the
picture moves or scrolls.
Check the auxiliary
input connections at
both devices.
The remote control
does not work.
Check to make sure
there is no obstruction
between the remote
control and the
transmitter window.
Check the batteries to
make sure they are
not dead or installed
incorrectly.
After stopping the
player, I push Play but
sometimes the DVD
starts where I left off
and sometimes at the
beginning.
If the stop button was
pressed one time, the
DVD player will resume
playing where the
DVD was stopped.
If the stop button was
pressed two times the
DVD player will begin to
play from the beginning
of the DVD.
3. Close the battery door securely.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long period
of time, remove the batteries and keep them in a
cool, dry place.
Problem
Recommended Action
No power.
The ignition might not be
turned on or in accessory.
The picture does not
fill the screen. There
are black borders on the
top and bottom or on
both sides or it looks
stretched out.
Check the display
mode settings in the
display menu.
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Recommended Action
Problem
The auxiliary source is
running but there is no
picture or sound.
Sometimes the wireless
headphone audio cuts
out or buzzes.
Recommended Action
Check that the RSE video
screen is in the auxiliary
source mode.
Check the auxiliary input
connections at both
devices.
Check for obstructions,
low batteries, reception
range, and interference
from cellular telephone
towers or by using your
cellular telephone in
the vehicle.
Check that the
headphones are facing
the front of the vehicle.
I lost the remote and/or
the headphones.
See your dealer for
assistance.
The DVD is playing,
but there is no picture
or sound.
Check that the RSE video
screen is sourced to the
DVD player.
DVD Display Error Messages
The DVD display error message depends on
which radio you have. The video screen may
display one of the following:
Disc Load/Eject Error: This message is
displayed when there are disc load or eject
problems.
Disc Format Error: This message will be
displayed, if the disc is inserted with the disc
label wrong side up, or if the disc is damaged.
Disc Region Error: This message will be
displayed, if the disc is not from a correct region.
No Disc Inserted: This message will be
displayed, if no disc is present when the EJECT
or DVD/AUX button is pressed on the radio.
309
DVD Distortion
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
Video distortion may occur when operating cellular
phones, scanners, CB radios, Global Position
Systems (GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile fax,
or walkie talkies.
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen
to and control any of the music sources: radio,
CDs, DVDs, or other auxiliary sources. The
rear seat passengers can control the same music
sources the front seat passengers are listening
to (dual control) or a different source. For example,
rear seat passengers can listen to and control
a CD through the headphones, while the driver
listens to the radio through the speakers. The
rear seat passengers have control of the volume
for each set of headphones.
It may be necessary to turn off the DVD player
when operating one of these devices in or near
the vehicle.
*Excludes the OnStar® System.
Cleaning the RSE Overhead Console
When cleaning the RSE overhead console
surface, use only a clean cloth dampened with
clean water.
Cleaning the Video Screen
When cleaning the video screen, use only a
clean cloth dampened with clean water. Use care
when directly touching or cleaning the screen,
as damage may result.
310
You can operate the RSA functions even when
the main radio is off.
Audio can be heard through wired headphones
(not included) plugged into the jacks on the RSA.
If your vehicle has this feature, audio can also
be heard on Channel 2 of the wireless
headphones.
The audio system allows the rear speakers to
continue playing even when the RSA audio
is active through the headphones.
© ¨(Seek): When listening to FM, AM, or XM
(if equipped), press the seek up or the seek
down arrow to go to the next or the previous
station or channels and stay there. This function
is inactive, with some radios, if the front seat
passengers are listening to the radio.
Press and hold the seek up or seek down arrow
until the display flashes, to tune to an individual
station. The display will stop flashing after
the buttons have not been pushed for more than
two seconds. This function is inactive, with
some radios, if the front seat passengers are
listening to the radio.
P (Power): Press this button to turn RSA
on and off.
Volume: Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume of the wired headphones.
The left knob controls the left headphones and
the right knob controls the right headphones.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between the radio (AM/FM), XM (if equipped),
CD, and if your vehicle has these features, DVD,
front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
While listening to a CD, press the seek up arrow
to hear the next track on the CD. Press the
seek down arrow to go back to the start of the
current track (if more than ten seconds have
played). This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening
to the radio.
When a DVD video menu is being displayed,
press the seek up arrow or seek down arrow to
perform a cursor up or down on the menu.
Hold the seek up or seek down arrow to perform
a cursor right or left on the menu.
311
PROG (Program): Press this button to go to
the next preset radio station or channel set on the
main radio. This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening
to the radio.
When a CD or DVD audio is playing, press this
button to go to the beginning of the CD or
DVD audio. This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening
to the disc.
When a disc is playing in the CD or DVD
changer, press this button to select the next disc,
if multiple discs are loaded. This function is
inactive, with some radios, if the front seat
passengers are listening to the CD/DVD audio.
When a DVD video menu is being displayed,
press the PROG button to perform the menu
function, enter.
312
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft
of your vehicle’s radio. The feature works
automatically by learning a portion of the
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). If the radio
is moved to a different vehicle, it will not operate.
If the radio is removed from your vehicle, the
original VIN in the radio can be used to trace
the radio back to your vehicle.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, the radio will not
operate if stolen.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
If your vehicle has
audio steering wheel
controls, they may differ
depending on your
vehicle’s options. Some
audio controls can be
adjusted at the steering
wheel. They include
the following:
xw (Next/Previous): Press the up or the
down arrow to go to the next or to the previous
radio station stored as a favorite.
When a CD/DVD is playing, press the up or the
down arrow to go to the next or previous track
or chapter.
g (Mute/Voice Recognition): Press and release
this button to silence the vehicle speakers only.
The audio of the wireless and wired headphones,
if your vehicle has these features, will not be
muted. Press and release this button again, to turn
the sound on.
If your vehicle has the navigation system, press
and hold this button for longer than one second to
initiate voice recognition. See “Voice Recognition”
in the Navigation System manual for more
information.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, press and hold
this button for longer than one second to interact
with the OnStar system. If your vehicle also
has the navigation system, press and hold this
button for longer than one second to initiate voice
recognition and say “OnStar” to enter OnStar®
mode. See the OnStar® System on page 163 in
this manual for more information.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between the radio (AM, FM), XM™ (if equipped),
CD, and if your vehicle has these features,
DVD, front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
313
+ e − e (Volume): Press the plus or minus
button to increase or to decrease the radio volume.
¨ (Seek): Press the seek arrow to go to the
next radio station while in AM, FM, or XM™
(if equipped). Press this button to go to the
next track or chapter while sourced to the DVD
slot. Press the button to go to the next disc while
sourced to a CD or DVD changer, if multiple
discs are loaded.
Radio Reception
You may experience frequency interference
and static during normal radio reception if items
such as cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic devices
are plugged into the accessory power outlet.
If there is interference or static, unplug the item
from the accessory power outlet.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for
FM, especially at night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with each other.
314
For better radio reception, most AM radio stations
will boost the power levels during the day, and then
reduce these levels during the night. Static can
also occur when things like storms and power lines
interfere with radio reception. When this happens,
try reducing the treble on your radio.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous
United States, and in Canada. Just as with FM, tall
buildings or hills can interfere with satellite radio
signals, causing the sound to fade in and out.
In addition, traveling or standing under heavy
foliage, bridges, garages, or tunnels may cause
loss of the XM™ signal for a period of time. The
radio may display No Signl to indicate interference.
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Rear Side Window Antenna
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from
direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans
the bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a
CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly or not at
all. If the surface of a CD is soiled, take a soft,
lint free cloth or dampen a clean, soft cloth
in a mild, neutral detergent solution mixed with
water, and clean it. Make sure the wiping process
starts from the center to the edge.
Your AM-FM antenna is located in the passenger
rear side window. Be sure that the inside
surfaces of the rear side window is not scratched
and that the lines on the glass are not damaged.
If the inside surfaces are damaged, they could
interfere with radio reception.
Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the surface.
Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges or
the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of the CD and DVD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not
advised, due to the risk of contaminating the lens
of the CD optics with lubricants internal to the
CD mechanism.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to
clear the inside of the rear side windows may
affect radio reception or damage the antenna.
Repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not clear the inside of the rear side windows
with sharp objects.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting
with metallic film. The metallic film in some
tinting materials will interfere with or distort the
incoming radio reception. Any damage caused
to your antenna due to metallic tinting materials
will not be covered by your warranty.
Because this antenna is built into your rear side
window, there is a reduced risk of damage caused
by car washes and vandals.
315
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular
telephone to your vehicle, and the antenna needs
to be attached to the glass, be sure that you
do not damage the grid lines for the AM-FM
antennas or place the cellular telephone antenna
over the grid lines.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on
the roof of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear
of snow and ice build up for clear radio reception.
If your vehicle has a sunroof, the performance
of the XM™ system may be affected if the
sunroof is open.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can
interfere with the performance of the XM™ system.
Make sure the XM™ Satellite Radio antenna
is not obstructed.
316
Chime Level Adjustment
The radio is used to adjust the vehicle’s chime
level. To change the volume level of the chime,
press and hold pushbutton 6 with the ignition
on and the radio power off. The volume level
will change from the normal level to loud,
and LOUD will appear on the radio display.
To change back to the default or normal setting,
press and hold pushbutton 6 again. The volume
level will change from the loud level to normal,
and NORMAL will appear on the radio display.
Each time the chime volume is changed,
three chimes will sound as an example of the
new volume selected. Removing the radio and
not replacing it with a factory radio or chime
module will disable vehicle chimes.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle .............................................318
Defensive Driving .......................................318
Drunken Driving .........................................319
Control of a Vehicle ...................................322
Braking ......................................................322
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ...................323
Braking in Emergencies ..............................325
Locking Differential .....................................325
Road Sensing Suspension ..........................325
StabiliTrak® System ....................................326
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System ..................328
Steering .....................................................329
Off-Road Recovery .....................................331
Passing ......................................................331
Loss of Control ..........................................333
Off-Road Driving .........................................334
Driving at Night ..........................................350
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads .............351
City Driving ................................................354
Freeway Driving .........................................355
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ...................356
Highway Hypnosis ......................................357
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................358
Winter Driving ............................................360
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow ..................................364
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out ............364
Recovery Hooks .........................................365
Loading Your Vehicle .................................366
Towing .........................................................372
Towing Your Vehicle ..................................372
Recreational Vehicle Towing .......................372
Autoride® ....................................................374
Towing a Trailer .........................................375
Trailer Recommendations ...........................388
317
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in
your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They
Are for Everyone on page 38.
318
{CAUTION:
Defensive driving really means “Be ready
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads,
or expressways, it means “Always expect
the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians
or other drivers are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do and be ready. Rear-end collisions
are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow
enough following distance. Defensive
driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts
from the driving task makes proper
defensive driving more difficult and can
even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do these
things, or pull off the road in a safe place to
do them. These simple defensive driving
techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and
driving is a national tragedy. It is the number
one contributor to the highway death toll,
claiming thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
• Judgment
• Muscular Coordination
• Vision
• Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most
cases, these deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, more
than 16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths
have been associated with the use of alcohol, with
more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half
the adult population — choose never to drink
alcohol, so they never drive after drinking.
For persons under 21, it is against the law in
every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good
medical, psychological, and developmental
reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink
alcohol and then drive. But what if people do?
How much is “too much” if someone plans
to drive? It is a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon
four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before
and during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
319
According to the American Medical Association, a
180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with
a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would
reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce
(120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if
each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors like
whiskey, gin, or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For
example, if the same person drank three double
martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each)
within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close
to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food
just before or during drinking will have a somewhat
lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women
generally have a lower relative percentage of
body water than men. Since alcohol is carried in
body water, this means that a woman generally will
reach a higher BAC level than a man of her
same body weight will when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout
Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In
some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers
in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have
seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the
drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.
320
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving
skills of many people are impaired at a BAC
approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects are
worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC
levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the
chance of being in a collision increases sharply for
drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above.
A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent has
doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a
BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater;
at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the
alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or
number of cold showers will speed that up.
“I will be careful” is not the right answer. What if
there is an emergency, a need to take sudden
action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not
be able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving
that many people do not know. Medical research
shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the
brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when
anyone who has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance
of being killed or permanently disabled is
higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
attentiveness, and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after
drinking. Please do not drink and drive
or ride with a driver who has been
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you
are with a group, designate a driver
who will not drink.
321
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle
go where you want it to go. They are the brakes,
the steering, and the accelerator. All three
systems have to do their work at the places where
the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or
ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose control of your vehicle. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 326.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 393.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 228.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake
pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to
bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might
be less with one driver and as long as two or
three seconds or more with another. Age, physical
condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs, and
frustration. But even in three-fourths of a second,
a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary
greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of the road,
whether it is wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the
condition of your brakes; the weight of the vehicle;
and the amount of brake force applied.
322
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by
heavy braking — rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may
not have time to cool between hard stops. Your
brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of
heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic
and allow realistic following distances, you
will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That
means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving,
brake normally but do not pump your brakes.
If you do, the pedal may get harder to push down.
If your engine stops, you will still have some
power brake assist. But you will use it when
you brake. Once the power assist is used up,
it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 393.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has the Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS), an advanced electronic braking system
that will help prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive
away, ABS will check itself. You may hear a
momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal.
If there is a problem
with ABS, this warning
light will stay on.
See Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning
Light on page 229.
Along with ABS, your vehicle has a Dynamic Rear
Proportioning (DRP) system. If there is a DRP
problem, both the brake and ABS warning lights
will come on accompanied by a 10-second
chime. The lights and chime will come on each
time the ignition is turned on until the problem is
repaired. See your dealer for service.
323
ABS can change the brake pressure faster than
any driver could. The computer is programmed
to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving
safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of
you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here is what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work the brakes at each
front wheel and at both rear wheels.
324
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving
updates on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal
or always decrease stopping distance. If you get
too close to the vehicle in front of you, you will not
have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle
suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough
room up ahead to stop, even though you
have ABS.
Using ABS
Locking Differential
If your vehicle has this feature, your locking
differential can give you additional traction on
snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like
a standard axle most of the time, but when one of
the wheels has no traction and the other does,
this feature will allow the wheel with traction
to move the vehicle.
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake
pedal down firmly and let anti-lock work for you.
You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice
some noise, but this is normal.
Road Sensing Suspension
Braking in Emergencies
The system is fully automatic and uses a computer
controller to continuously monitor vehicle speed,
wheel to body position, lift/dive and steering
position of the vehicle. The controller then sends
signals to each shock absorber to independently
adjust the damping level to provide the optimum
vehicle ride.
With ABS, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you
more than even the very best braking.
The Road Sensing Suspension (RSS) feature
provides superior vehicle ride and handling under
a variety of passenger and loading conditions.
325
RSS also interacts with the tow/haul mode that,
when engaged, will provide additional control
of the shock absorbers. This additional control
results in better ride and handling characteristics
when the vehicle is loaded or towing a trailer.
See “Tow/Haul Mode” under Towing a Trailer
on page 375.
StabiliTrak® System
Your vehicle is equipped with StabiliTrak®, which
combines antilock brake, traction and stability
control systems and helps the driver maintain
directional control of the vehicle in most driving
conditions.
When you first start your vehicle and begin to
drive away, the system performs several diagnostic
checks to insure there are no problems. You
may hear or feel the system working. This
is normal and does not mean there is a problem
with your vehicle. The system should initialize
before the vehicle reaches 20 mph (32 km/h).
In some cases, it may take approximately
two miles of driving before the system initializes.
326
If the system fails to turn on or activate, the
STABILITRAK OFF or SERVICE STABILITRAK
message will be displayed. If the vehicle has gone
through heavy acceleration or braking or multiple
turns during the first two miles of driving after
starting your vehicle, these messages may also
appear. If this is the case, your vehicle does
not need servicing. You will need to turn
the vehicle off and then restart it to initialize
StabiliTrak®. If either message appears on the
Driver Information Center (DIC), and your vehicle
hasn’t gone through hard acceleration, braking
or multiple turns in the first two miles of driving,
your vehicle should be taken in for service.
For more information on the stability messages,
see Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 239.
StabiliTrak® activates when the computer
senses that your vehicle is just starting to spin, as
it might if you hit a patch of ice or other slippery
spot on the road. When the system activates,
you may hear a noise or feel a vibration in
the brake pedal. This is normal. The system is
designed to help you in bad weather or other
difficult driving situations by making the most of
whatever road conditions will permit.
The StabiliTrak® light
will flash on the
instrument panel cluster
when the system is
both on and activated.
StabiliTrak® and part of
the traction control
system can be turned off
or back on by pressing
the StabiliTrak® button
located on the
instrument panel.
When the system is turned off, the StabiliTrak®
light will flash, and the STABILITRAK OFF
message will appear on the DIC to warn the
driver that both the stability system and part of
the traction control system are disabled. Your
vehicle will still have brake-traction control when
StabiliTrak® is off, but will not be able to use
the engine speed management system. See
“Traction Control Operation” next for more
information.
When the StabiliTrak® system has been turned
off, you may still hear system noises as a result of
the brake-traction control coming on.
To limit wheel spin and realize the full benefits
of the stability enhancement system, you should
normally leave StabiliTrak® on, but it may be
necessary to turn the system off if your vehicle is
stuck in sand, mud, ice or snow, and you want
to “rock” your vehicle to attempt to free it. It may
also be necessary to turn off the system when
driving in extreme off-road conditions where high
wheel spin is required. See If Your Vehicle is
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 364.
Traction Control Operation
The traction control system is part of the
StabiliTrak® system. Traction control limits wheel
spin by reducing engine power to the wheels
(engine speed management) and by applying
brakes to each individual wheel (brake-traction
control) as necessary.
The traction control system is enabled
automatically when you start your vehicle, and
it will activate and display the StabiliTrak® light if
it senses that any of the wheels are spinning
or beginning to lose traction while driving.
327
If you turn off StabiliTrak®, only the brake-traction
control portion of traction control will work. The
engine speed management will be disabled. In this
state, engine power is not reduced automatically
and the driven wheels can spin more freely.
This can cause the brake-traction control to
activate constantly.
Notice: If you allow the wheel(s) of one axle
to spin excessively while the StabiliTrak®,
ABS and brake warning lights and the
SERVICE STABILITRAK message are
displayed, you could damage the transfer
case. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Reduce engine power and
do not spin the wheel(s) excessively while
these lights and this message are displayed.
The traction control system may activate on
dry or rough roads or under conditions such
as heavy acceleration while turning or abrupt
upshifts/downshifts of the transmission. When
this happens you may notice a reduction in
acceleration, or may hear a noise or vibration.
This is normal.
328
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the system
activates, the StabiliTrak® light will flash and the
cruise control will automatically disengage.
When road conditions allow you to use cruise
again, you may re-engage the cruise control.
See Cruise Control on page 194.
StabiliTrak® may also turn off automatically if it
determines that a problem exists with the system.
If the problem does not clear itself after restarting
the vehicle, you should see your dealer for
service.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 393 for more information.
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System
If your vehicle is equipped with this feature,
engine power is sent to all four wheels when extra
traction is needed. This is like four-wheel drive,
but there is no separate lever or switch to engage
or disengage the front axle. It is fully automatic,
and adjusts itself as needed for road conditions.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the
engine stops or the system is not functioning,
you can steer but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
It is important to take curves at a reasonable
speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
mentioned on the news happen on curves.
Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is
subject to the same laws of physics when driving on
curves. The traction of the tires against the road
surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change
its path when you turn the front wheels. If there is
no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the
same direction. If you have ever tried to steer a
vehicle on wet ice, you will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on
the condition of your tires and the road surface,
the angle at which the curve is banked, and
your speed. While you are in a curve, speed is
the one factor you can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to
do their work where the tires meet the road.
Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 326.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up
on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the
way you want it to go, and slow down.
If you have StabiliTrak®, you may see the
STABILITY SYSTEM ACTIVE message on the
message center. See “Stability System Active
Message” under DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 245.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you
should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted
speeds are based on good weather and road
conditions. Under less favorable conditions you
will want to go slower.
329
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while
your front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive”
through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady
speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of
the curve, and then accelerate gently into
the straightaway.
See Braking on page 322. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 393.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more
effective than braking. For example, you come
over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane,
or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or
a child darts out from between parked cars and
stops right in front of you. You can avoid
these problems by braking — if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not room.
That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes.
330
An emergency like this requires close attention and
a quick decision. If you are holding the steering
wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock
positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very
quickly without removing either hand. But you
have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly
straighten the wheel once you have avoided
the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are
always possible is a good reason to practice
defensive driving at all times and wear safety
belts properly.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you are driving.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below
the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy.
Ease off the accelerator and then, if there
is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle
straddles the edge of the pavement. You can turn
the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until
the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple
maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a
two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move,
since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds.
A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief
surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly
put the passing driver face to face with the worst
of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
331
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might
affect your passing patterns. If you have any
doubt whatsoever about making a successful
pass, wait for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings
and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead
that might indicate a turn or an intersection,
delay your pass. A broken center line
usually indicates it is all right to pass, providing
the road ahead is clear. Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want
to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity.
For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you are
following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not
have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is
coming up, start to accelerate but stay in
the right lane and do not get too close.
332
Time your move so you will be increasing
speed as the time comes to move into
the other lane. If the way is clear to pass,
you will have a running start that more than
makes up for the distance you would lose
by dropping back. And if something happens
to cause you to cancel your pass, you
need only slow down and drop back again
and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow
vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that
someone is not trying to pass you as you
pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember
to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder
and start your left lane change signal before
moving out of the right lane to pass. When you
are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle
to see its front in your inside mirror, activate
your right lane change signal and move
back into the right lane. Remember that if your
passenger side outside mirror is convex, the
vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a
time on two-lane roads. Reconsider before
passing the next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle
too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps
are not flashing, it may be slowing down or
starting to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for
the following driver to get ahead of you.
Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying
to steer and constantly seek an escape route or
area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and
by not overdriving those conditions. But skids
are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your
vehicle’s three control systems. In the braking skid,
your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a
curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force.
And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle
causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps
avoid only the acceleration skid. If your traction
control system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
333
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off
the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the
way you want the vehicle to go. If you start
steering quickly enough, your vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid
if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice, gravel, or other material is on the road.
For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust
your driving to these conditions. It is important
to slow down on slippery surfaces because
stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction,
try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration,
or braking, including reducing vehicle speed by
shifting to a lower gear. Any sudden changes could
cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the
surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow on the road to
make a mirrored surface — and slow down when
you have any doubt.
Remember: Any Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
helps avoid only the braking skid.
334
Off-Road Driving
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have
all-wheel drive. If your vehicle does not have
all-wheel drive or if it has 20-inch tire/wheel
assemblies, you should not drive off-road unless
you are on a level, solid surface. See Tires
on page 450.
Many of the same design features that help make
your vehicle responsive on paved roads during
poor weather conditions — features like all-wheel
drive — help make it much better suited for
off-road use. Its higher ground clearance also
helps your vehicle step over some off-road
obstacles. But your vehicle does not have features
like special underbody shielding and a transfer
case low gear range, things that are usually
thought necessary for extended or severe off-road
service.
Also, see Braking on page 322.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does have
some definite hazards. The greatest of these is
the terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you have left the North
American road system behind. Traffic lanes are
not marked. Curves are not banked. There are
no road signs. Surfaces can be slippery, rough,
uphill, or downhill. In short, you have gone
right back to nature.
The following steps must be performed on the
bolts and snap features to remove the air dam:
1. Remove the two outboard air dam bolts.
2. With a flat-blade screwdriver, push down on
the snap features and disengage the snaps.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And
that is why it is very important that you read
this guide. You will find many driving tips and
suggestions. These will help make your off-road
driving safer and more enjoyable.
3. After the bolts are removed and the snaps
are disengaged, push forward on the air
dam until it is free.
If you think you will need some more ground
clearance at the front of your vehicle, you
can remove the front fascia lower air dam.
The front fascia lower air dam is held in place by
two bolts and 10 snap features. The bolts and
snap features are accessible from underneath
the front fascia.
When you are back on roads, though, be sure to
replace the air dam.
Notice: Operating your vehicle for extended
periods without the front fascia lower air
dam installed can cause improper air flow to
the engine. Always be sure to replace the front
fascia air dam when you are finished off-road
driving.
To reinstall the lower air dam do the following:
1. Line up the snap features and push the
air dam rearward to engage the snaps.
2. Install the two outboard bolts.
335
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things to do before you go out.
For example, be sure to have all necessary
maintenance and service work done. Check to
make sure all underbody shields, if the vehicle has
them, are properly attached. Is there enough
fuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid
levels up where they should be? What are
the local laws that apply to off-roading where you
will be driving? If you do not know, you should
check with law enforcement people in the
area. Will you be on someone’s private land?
If so, be sure to get the necessary permission.
336
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road
Driving
{CAUTION:
• Cargo on the load floor piled higher
than the seatbacks can be thrown
forward during a sudden stop. You or
your passengers could be injured.
Keep cargo below the top of the
seatbacks.
• Unsecured cargo on the load floor can
be tossed about when driving over
rough terrain. You or your passengers
can be struck by flying objects.
Secure the cargo properly.
• Heavy loads on the roof raise the
vehicle’s center of gravity, making it
more likely to roll over. You can be
seriously or fatally injured if the
vehicle rolls over. Put heavy loads
inside the cargo area, not on the roof.
Keep cargo in the cargo area as far
forward and low as possible.
There are some important things to remember
about how to load your vehicle.
• The heaviest things should be on the load
floor and forward of the rear axle. Put
heavier items as far forward as you can.
• Be sure the load is secured properly,
so driving on the off-road terrain does not
toss things around.
You will find other important information in this
manual. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 366,
Luggage Carrier on page 172, and Tires on
page 450.
Environmental Concerns
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and
satisfying recreation. However, it also raises
environmental concerns. We recognize these
concerns and urge every off-roader to follow these
basic rules for protecting the environment:
• Always use established trails, roads, and
areas that have been specially set aside
for public off-road recreational driving; obey
all posted regulations.
• Avoid any driving practice that could damage
the environment — shrubs, flowers, trees,
grasses — or disturb wildlife. This includes
wheel-spinning, breaking down trees, or
unnecessary driving through streams or over
soft ground.
• Always carry a litter bag — make sure all
refuse is removed from any campsite
before leaving.
• Take extreme care with open fires where
permitted, camp stoves, and lanterns.
• Never park your vehicle over dry grass or
other combustible materials that could
catch fire from the heat of the vehicle’s
exhaust system.
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when
going to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan
your route. You are much less likely to get bad
surprises. Get accurate maps of trails and terrain.
Try to learn of any blocked or closed roads.
It is also a good idea to travel with at least
one other vehicle. If something happens to
one of them, the other can help quickly.
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Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It is a good idea to practice in an area that is
safe and close to home before you go into the
wilderness. Off-road driving does require some new
and different driving skills. Here is what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals. Your
eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep the
terrain for unexpected obstacles. Your ears need to
listen for unusual tire or engine sounds. With your
arms, hands, feet, and body, you will need to
respond to vibrations and vehicle bounce.
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful
off-road driving. One of the best ways to control
your vehicle is to control your speed. Here are
some things to keep in mind. At higher speeds:
• You approach things faster and you have less
time to scan the terrain for obstacles.
• You have less time to react.
• You have more vehicle bounce when you
drive over obstacles.
• You will need more distance for braking,
especially since you are on an unpaved
surface.
338
{CAUTION:
When you are driving off-road, bouncing
and quick changes in direction can easily
throw you out of position. This could cause
you to lose control and crash. So, whether
you are driving on or off the road, you and
your passengers should wear safety belts.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different
kinds of terrain. You need to be familiar with
the terrain and its many different features.
Here are some things to consider.
Surface Conditions: Off-roading can take you
over hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand,
mud, snow, or ice. Each of these surfaces affects
the steering, acceleration, and braking of your
vehicle in different ways. Depending upon the kind
of surface you are on, you may experience slipping,
sliding, wheel spinning, delayed acceleration, poor
traction, and longer braking distances.
Surface Obstacles: Unseen or hidden obstacles
can be hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut, or
bump can startle you if you are not prepared for
them. Often these obstacles are hidden by
grass, bushes, snow, or even the rise and fall of
the terrain itself. Here are some things to consider:
• Is the path ahead clear?
• Will the surface texture change abruptly
up ahead?
• Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
There is more discussion of these
subjects later.
• Will you have to stop suddenly or change
direction quickly?
When you drive over obstacles or rough
terrain, keep a firm grip on the steering wheel.
Ruts, troughs, or other surface features can
jerk the wheel out of your hands if you are
not prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other
obstacles, the wheels can leave the ground.
If this happens, even with one or two wheels,
you cannot control the vehicle as well or at all.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it is
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns, or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind
of alertness from driving on paved roads and
highways. There are no road signs, posted speed
limits, or signal lights. You have to use your
own good judgment about what is safe and what
is not.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on
any road. And this is certainly true for off-road
driving. At the very time you need special alertness
and driving skills, your reflexes, perceptions,
and judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You could have a serious — or
even fatal — accident if you drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking.
See Drunken Driving on page 319.
339
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Approaching a Hill
Off-road driving often takes you up, down, or
across a hill. Driving safely on hills requires
good judgment and understanding of what your
vehicle can and cannot do. There are some
hills that simply cannot be driven, no matter how
well built the vehicle.
When you approach a hill, you need to decide
if it is one of those hills that is just too steep
to climb, descend, or cross. Steepness can be
hard to judge. On a very small hill, for example,
there may be a smooth, constant incline with only
a small change in elevation where you can
easily see all the way to the top. On a large hill,
the incline may get steeper as you near the
top, but you may not see this because the crest
of the hill is hidden by bushes, grass or shrubs.
{CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any
vehicle. If you drive up them, you will
stall. If you drive down them, you cannot
control your speed. If you drive across
them, you will roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have
any doubt about the steepness, do not
drive the hill.
340
Here are some other things to consider as
you approach a hill.
• Is there a constant incline, or does the hill
get sharply steeper in places?
• Is there good traction on the hillside, or will
the surface cause tire slipping?
• Is there a straight path up or down the hill so
you will not have to make turning maneuvers?
• Are there obstructions on the hill that can
block your path, such as boulders, trees,
logs, or ruts?
• What is beyond the hill? Is there a cliff,
an embankment, a drop-off, a fence?
Get out and walk the hill if you do not know.
It is the smart way to find out.
• Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often
have ruts, gullies, troughs, and exposed
rocks because they are more susceptible to
the effects of erosion.
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill,
you need to take some special steps.
• Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the
steering wheel.
• Get a smooth start up the hill and try to
maintain your speed. Do not use more power
than you need, because you do not want
the wheels to start spinning or sliding.
• Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
If the path twists and turns, you might want to
find another route.
{CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can
be dangerous. You could lose traction,
slide sideways, and possibly roll over.
You could be seriously injured or killed.
When driving up hills, always try to go
straight up.
• Ease up on your speed as you approach the
top of the hill.
• Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more
visible to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
341
• Sound the horn as you approach the top of the
• If the engine is still running, shift the
hill to let opposing traffic know you are there.
• Use the headlamps even during the day. They
make you more visible to oncoming traffic.
transmission to REVERSE (R), release the
parking brake, and slowly back down the hill in
REVERSE (R).
• If the engine has stopped running, you will
need to restart it. With the brake pedal
pressed and the parking brake still applied,
shift the transmission to PARK (P) and restart
the engine. Then shift to REVERSE (R),
release the parking brake, and slowly back
down the hill as straight as possible in
REVERSE (R).
• As you are backing down the hill, put your left
hand on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock
position. This way you will be able to tell if
the wheels are straight and maneuver as you
back down. It is best that you back down
the hill with the wheels straight rather than
in the left or right direction. Turning the wheel
too far to the left or right will increase the
possibility of a rollover.
{CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full
speed can cause an accident. There could
be a drop-off, embankment, cliff, or even
another vehicle. You could be seriously
injured or killed. As you near the top of a
hill, slow down and stay alert.
Q: What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or
is about to stall, and I cannot make it up
the hill?
A: If this happens, there are some things you
should do, and there are some things you
must not do? First, here is what you should do:
• Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle
and keep it from rolling backwards. Also, apply
the parking brake.
342
Here are some things you must not do if you stall,
or are about to stall, when going up a hill.
• Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting
into NEUTRAL (N) to rev-up the engine
and regain forward momentum. This will not
work. Your vehicle will roll backwards
very quickly and you could go out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop
the vehicle. Then apply the parking brake.
Shift to REVERSE (R), release the parking
brake, and slowly back straight down.
• Never attempt to turn around if you are about
to stall when going up a hill. If the hill is steep
enough to stall your vehicle, it is steep
enough to cause you to roll over if you turn
around. If you cannot make it up the hill
you must back straight down the hill.
Q: Suppose, after stalling, I try to back down
the hill and decide I just cannot do it.
What should I do?
A: Set the parking brake, put the transmission
in PARK (P) and turn off the engine. Leave
the vehicle and go get some help. Exit on
the uphill side and stay clear of the path the
vehicle would take if it rolled downhill.
343
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you will want
to consider a number of things:
• How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to
maintain vehicle control?
• What’s the surface like? Smooth? Rough?
Slippery? Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
• Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts?
Logs? Boulders?
• What is at the bottom of the hill? Is there a
hidden creek bank or even a river bottom
with large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then
try to keep your vehicle headed straight down,
and use a low gear. This way, engine drag
can help the brakes and they will not have to
do all the work. Descend slowly, keeping
your vehicle under control at all times.
344
{CAUTION:
Heavy braking when going down a hill can
cause your brakes to overheat and fade.
This could cause loss of control and a
serious accident. Apply the brakes lightly
when descending a hill and use a low
gear to keep vehicle speed under control.
Q: Are there some things I should not do
when driving down a hill?
A: Yes! These are important because if you
ignore them you could lose control and
have a serious accident.
• When driving downhill, avoid turns that take
you across the incline of the hill. A hill that
is not too steep to drive down may be
too steep to drive across. You could roll over
if you do not drive straight down.
• Never go downhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called “free wheeling.”
The brakes will have to do all the work
and could overheat and fade.
Q: Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
A: It is much more likely to happen going
uphill. But if it happens going downhill,
here is what to do.
1. Stop your vehicle by applying the regular
brakes. Apply the parking brake.
2. Shift to PARK (P) and, while still braking,
restart the engine.
3. Shift back to a low gear, release the parking
brake, and drive straight down.
4. If the engine will not start, get out and get help.
345
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go
across the incline of a hill. If this happens,
you have to decide whether to try to drive across
the incline. Here are some things to consider:
• A hill that can be driven straight up or down
may be too steep to drive across. When you go
straight up or down a hill, the length of the
wheel base — the distance from the front
wheels to the rear wheels — reduces the
likelihood the vehicle will tumble end over end.
But when you drive across an incline, the much
more narrow track width — the distance
between the left and right wheels — may not
prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling over.
Also, driving across an incline puts more weight
on the downhill wheels. This could cause a
downhill slide or a rollover.
• Surface conditions can be a problem when
you drive across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy
spots, or even wet grass can cause the tires
to slip sideways, downhill. If the vehicle
slips sideways, it can hit something that will
trip it — a rock, a rut, etc. — and roll over.
346
• Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of
the incline even worse. If you drive across a
rock with the uphill wheels, or if the downhill
wheels drop into a rut or depression, your
vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide
carefully whether to try to drive across an incline.
Just because the trail goes across the incline
does not mean you have to drive it. The last
vehicle to try it might have rolled over.
{CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that is too
steep will make your vehicle roll over.
You could be seriously injured or killed.
If you have any doubt about the
steepness of the incline, do not drive
across it. Find another route instead.
Q: What if I am driving across an incline that
is not too steep, but I hit some loose
gravel and start to slide downhill. What
should I do?
A: If you feel your vehicle starting to slide
sideways, turn downhill. This should help
straighten out the vehicle and prevent the side
slipping. However, a much better way to
prevent this is to get out and “walk the course”
so you know what the surface is like before
you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you are crossing an
incline, be sure you, and any passengers, get out
on the uphill side, even if the door there is
harder to open. If you get out on the downhill side
and the vehicle starts to roll over, you will be
right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the
path the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
{CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of
a vehicle stopped across an incline is
dangerous. If the vehicle rolls over, you
could be crushed or killed. Always get out
on the uphill (high) side of the vehicle and
stay well clear of the rollover path.
347
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow, or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow, or sand, the wheels
will not get good traction. You cannot accelerate
as quickly, turning is more difficult, and you
will need longer braking distances.
It is best to use a low gear when you are in
mud — the deeper the mud, the lower the gear.
In really deep mud, the idea is to keep your vehicle
moving so you do not get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you will sense a change
in wheel traction. But it will depend upon how
loosely packed the sand is. On loosely packed
sand, such as on beaches or sand dunes, the
tires will tend to sink into the sand. This has
an effect on steering, accelerating, and braking.
Drive at a reduced speed and avoid sharp turns
or abrupt maneuvers.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire
traction. On these surfaces, it is very easy to lose
control. On wet ice, for example, the traction is
so poor that you will have difficulty accelerating.
And, if you do get moving, poor steering and
difficult braking can cause you to slide out
of control.
348
{CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds, or rivers
can be dangerous. Underwater springs,
currents under the ice, or sudden thaws
can weaken the ice. Your vehicle could
fall through the ice and you and your
passengers could drown. Drive your
vehicle on safe surfaces only.
Driving in Water
Heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood
waters demand extreme caution.
Find out how deep the water is before you drive
through it. If it is deep enough to cover the wheel
hubs, axles, or exhaust pipe, do not try it — you
probably will not get through. Also, water that deep
can damage the axle and other vehicle parts.
If the water is not too deep, drive slowly through it.
At faster speeds, water splashes on the ignition
system and your vehicle can stall. Stalling can
also occur if you get the tailpipe under water.
And, as long as the tailpipe is under water, you
will never be able to start the engine. When you
go through water, remember that when the brakes
get wet, it may take you longer to stop.
{CAUTION:
Driving through rushing water can be
dangerous. Deep water can sweep your
vehicle downstream and you and your
passengers could drown. If it is only
shallow water, it can still wash away the
ground from under your tires, and you
could lose traction and roll the vehicle
over. Do not drive through rushing water.
After Off-Road Driving
Remove any brush or debris that has collected
on the underbody, chassis, or under the hood.
These accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake
linings cleaned and checked. These substances
can cause glazing and uneven braking. Check
the body structure, steering, suspension, wheels,
tires, and exhaust system for damage. Also,
check the fuel lines and cooling system for
any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service
due to off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule for additional information.
See Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads on
page 351 for more information on driving
through water.
349
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to
be impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce
the glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need
to slow down and keep more space between
you and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your vehicle’s headlamps can light up only
so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe
place and rest.
350
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to see the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the
day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble
adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not
wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on
glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or
even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust
to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare,
as from a driver who does not lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps,
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into
the approaching headlamps.
Keep the windshield and all the glass on your
vehicle clean — inside and out. Glare at night is
made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even
the inside of the glass can build up a film caused
by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and
flash more than clean glass would, making the
pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Remember that the headlamps light up far less
of a roadway when you are in a turn or curve.
Keep your eyes moving; that way, it is easier
to pick out dimly lighted objects. Just as the
headlamps should be checked regularly for
proper aim, so should your eyes be examined
regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness — the inability to see in dim
light — and are not even aware of it.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a
wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as
well because your tire-to-road traction is not as
good as on dry roads. And, if your tires do not
have much tread left, you will get even less traction.
It is always wise to go slower and be cautious if
rain starts to fall while you are driving. The surface
may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned
for driving on dry pavement.
351
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even
if your windshield wiper blades are in good
shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see
road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings,
the edge of the road, and even people walking.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or
even going through some car washes can cause
problems, too. The water may affect your
brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot,
try to slow down before you hit them.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer fluid
reservoir filled with washer fluid. Replace your
windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
streaking or missing areas on the windshield,
or when strips of rubber start to separate from
the inserts.
Hydroplaning
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will
not work as well in a quick stop and may
cause pulling to one side. You could lose
control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of
water or a car wash, apply your brake
pedal lightly until your brakes work
normally.
352
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can
build up under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you are going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact
with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can
if your tires do not have much tread or if the
pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if
a lot of water is standing on the road. If you
can see reflections from trees, telephone poles,
or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down
when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through
deep puddles or standing water, water can
come in through your engine’s air intake
and badly damage your engine. Never drive
through water that is slightly lower than
the underbody of your vehicle. If you cannot
avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise be
very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Turn on your low-beam headlamps — not just
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water
crossing, your vehicle can be carried
away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle.
CAUTION:
your parking lamps — to help make you more
visible to others.
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra
following distance. And be especially careful
when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself
more clear room ahead, and be prepared to
have your view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth.
See Tires on page 450.
(Continued)
353
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is
the amount of traffic on them. You will want
to watch out for what the other drivers are doing
and pay attention to traffic signals.
354
Here are ways to increase your safety in city
driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip
into an unknown part of the city just as you
would for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and
energy. See Freeway Driving on page 355.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal.
A traffic light is there because the corner
is busy enough to need it. When a light turns
green, and just before you start to move,
check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
Freeway Driving
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth
traffic flow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as
a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads
to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the
freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you
should begin to check traffic. Try to determine
where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to
merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors, and
glance over your shoulder as often as necessary.
Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed
to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it
is slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want
to pass.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads.
But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving
is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right.
Drive at the same speed most of the other
drivers are driving.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors.
Then use your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly
over your shoulder to make sure there is not
another vehicle in your blind spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make
certain you allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
355
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your
exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
Of course, you will find experienced and able
service experts in GM dealerships all across North
America. They will be ready and willing to help
if you need it.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite
sharply. The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir
full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
checked all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses
clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough
for long-distance driving? Are the tires
all inflated to the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather
outlook along your route? Should you
delay your trip a short time to avoid a major
storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Reduce your speed according to your
speedometer, not to your sense of motion.
After driving for any distance at higher speeds,
you may tend to think you are going slower
than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested.
If you must start when you are not fresh — such
as after a day’s work — do not plan to make
too many miles that first part of the journey.
Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you can
easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it
needs service, have it done before starting out.
356
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as highway
hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the
wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road
with the same scenery, along with the hum of the
tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and the
rush of the wind against the vehicle that can make
you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you! If it does,
your vehicle can leave the road in less than a
second, and you could crash and be injured.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with
a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get
some exercise, or both. For safety, treat
drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.
What can you do about highway hypnosis?
First, be aware that it can happen.
357
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that
can make your trips safer and more enjoyable.
See Off-Road Driving on page 334 for information
about driving off-road.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all
fluid levels and also the brakes, tires,
cooling system, and transmission. These parts
can work hard on mountain roads.
{CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from driving in flat or rolling terrain.
358
If you do not shift down, your brakes
could get so hot that they would not work
well. You would then have poor braking or
even none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let your engine assist
your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with
the ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes
will have to do all the work of slowing
down. They could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would then have
poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Always have your
engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when
you go down a steep or long hill.
down to a lower gear. The lower gears help
cool your engine and transmission, and you can
climb the hill better.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalled
car or an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these
and take appropriate action.
359
Winter Driving
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom,
a supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag,
some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a
flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reflective
warning triangles. And, if you will be driving under
severe conditions, include a small bag of sand,
a piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly
secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where the tires
meet the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between the
tires and the road, you can have a very slippery
situation. You will have a lot less traction, or
grip, and will need to be very careful.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency
supplies in your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 450.
360
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on.
But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get
wet ice when it is about freezing, 32°F (0°C), and
freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed,
blowing, or loose snow — drive with caution.
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile
traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels
will spin and polish the surface under the tires
even more. See StabiliTrak® System on page 326,
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or
Snow on page 364, and Rocking Your Vehicle to
Get It Out on page 364.
Your Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) improves
your vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop
on a slippery road. Even though you have ABS,
you will want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement. See Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) on page 323.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that is covered with ice.
On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may
appear in shaded areas where the sun cannot
reach, such as around clumps of trees, behind
buildings, or under bridges. Sometimes the
surface of a curve or an overpass may remain
icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If you
see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before
you are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
361
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in
a serious situation. You should probably stay
with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you
are near help and you can hike through the
snow. Here are some things to do to summon
help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police
that you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you do not have blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to
keep warm.
362
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be
careful.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under
your vehicle. This can cause deadly
CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get inside.
CO could overcome you and kill you.
You cannot see it or smell it, so you
might not know it is in your vehicle.
Clear away snow from around the base
of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be
sure snow does not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side
of the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must.
This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make
it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push
the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for
the heat that you get and it keeps the battery
charged. You will need a well-charged battery
to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling
later on with your headlamps. Let the heater
run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start
the engine again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do
it as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as
you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of
the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
363
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you
will need to spin the wheels, but you do not
want to spin your wheels too fast. The method
known as rocking can help you get out when you
are stuck, but you must use caution.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy
parts of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you
spin the wheels too fast while shifting your
transmission back and forth, you can destroy
your transmission.
For more information about using tire chains on
your vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 471.
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed,
they can explode, and you or others could
be injured. And, the transmission or other
parts of the vehicle can overheat. That
could cause an engine compartment fire
or other damage. When you are stuck,
spin the wheels as little as possible.
Do not spin the wheels above 35 mph
(55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.
364
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That
will clear the area around your front wheels. If your
vehicle has the StabiliTrak® System, turn the
system off by pressing the StabiliTrak® button so
that the STABILITY SYS DISABLED message
and the traction off light are illuminated on the
instrument panel cluster. Then shift back and
forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible.
Release the accelerator pedal while you shift,
and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transmission is in gear.
By slowly spinning your wheels in the forward
and reverse directions, you will cause a rocking
motion that may free your vehicle. If that does
not get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out. Or, you can use your recovery
hooks if your vehicle has them. If you do need
to be towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle
on page 372.
Recovery Hooks
{CAUTION:
These hooks, when used, are under a
lot of force. Always pull the vehicle
straight out. Never pull on the hooks at a
sideways angle. The hooks could break
off and you or others could be injured
from the chain or cable snapping back.
Notice: Never use recovery hooks to tow
the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged
and it would not be covered by warranty.
Your vehicle may have recovery hooks at the
front of the vehicle. You may need to use them if
you are stuck off-road and need to be pulled
to some place where you can continue driving.
365
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight
your vehicle can carry. This weight is called the
vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of
all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it was designed to carry, the Tire
and Loading Information label and the Certification/
Tire label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
366
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information
label is attached to the center pillar (B-pillar).
With the driver’s door open, you will find the
label attached below the door lock post (striker).
The tire and loading information label shows
the number of occupant seating positions (A),
and the maximum vehicle capacity weight (B)
in kilograms and pounds.
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows
the size of the original equipment tires (C) and
the recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D).
For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 450 and Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 456.
There is also important loading information on
the vehicle Certification/Tire label. It tells you the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and the
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for the
front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined
weight of occupants and cargo should never
exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your
vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver
and passengers that will be riding in your
vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver
and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
4. The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.
For example, if the “XXX” amount equals
1400 lbs and there will be five 150 lb
passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage
and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That
weight may not safely exceed the available
cargo and luggage load capacity calculated
in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load
from your trailer will be transferred to your
vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how
this reduces the available cargo and luggage
load capacity of your vehicle. See Towing
a Trailer on page 375 for important information
on towing a trailer, towing safety rules and
trailering tips.
367
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
368
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
Example 2
Total
Item
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
300 lbs (136 kg)
B
700 lbs (317 kg)
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
750 lbs (136 kg)
250 lbs (113 kg)
Certification/Tire Label
Example 3
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading
information label for specific information about
your vehicle’s capacity weight and seating
positions. The combined weight of the driver,
passengers, and cargo should never exceed
your vehicle’s capacity weight.
A vehicle specific Certification/Tire label is
attached to the rear edge of the driver’s door.
The label shows the size of your vehicle’s original
tires and the inflation pressures needed to obtain
the gross weight capacity of your vehicle. This is
called Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle,
all occupants, fuel, and cargo.
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the
maximum weights for the front and rear axles,
called Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR).
369
To find out the actual loads on your front and
rear axles, you need to go to a weigh station and
weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you
with this. Be sure to spread out your load equally
on both sides of the center line.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
GAWR for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should
spread it out.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
370
Your warranty does not cover parts or components
that fail because of overloading.
The label will help you decide how much cargo
and installed equipment your truck can carry.
Using heavier suspension components to
get added durability might not change your weight
ratings. Ask your dealer to help you load your
vehicle the right way.
If you put things inside your vehicle — like
suitcases, tools, packages, or anything
else — they will go as fast as the vehicle goes.
If you have to stop or turn quickly, or if there is
a crash, they will keep going.
Add-On Equipment
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can
strike and injure people in a sudden stop
or turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo area of your
vehicle. Try to spread the weight
evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above the tops of
the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
There is also important loading information for
off-road driving in this manual. See “Loading Your
Vehicle for Off-Road Driving” under Off-Road
Driving on page 334.
When you carry removable items, you may need
to put a limit on how many people you can
carry inside your vehicle. Be sure to weigh your
vehicle before you buy and install the new
equipment.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
Remember not to exceed the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) of the front or rear axle.
Automatic Level Control
The automatic level control rear suspension
comes as a part of the Road Sensing Suspension.
See Road Sensing Suspension on page 325.
This type of level control is fully automatic and will
provide a better leveled riding position as well
as better handling under a variety of passenger
and loading conditions. An air compressor
connected to the rear shocks will raise or lower
the rear of the vehicle to maintain proper vehicle
height. The system is activated when the
ignition key is turned to RUN and will automatically
adjust vehicle height thereafter.
371
The system may exhaust (lower vehicle height) for
up to 10 minutes after the ignition key has been
turned to LOCK. You may hear the air compressor
operating when the height is being adjusted.
If a weight-distributing hitch is being used, it is
recommended to allow the shocks to inflate,
thereby leveling the vehicle prior to adjusting the
height. See “Weight distributing Hitches and
Weight Carrying Hitches” under Towing a Trailer
on page 375.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing
service if you need to have your disabled vehicle
towed. See Roadside Service on page 541.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another
vehicle for recreational purposes (such as behind
a motorhome), see Recreational Vehicle Towing
following.
372
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle — such as behind
a motorhome. The two most common types of
recreational vehicle towing are known as “dinghy
towing” (towing your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground) and “dolly towing” (towing
your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See
“Dinghy Towing” and “Dolly Towing”, following.
Here are some important things to consider before
you do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they
can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
Dinghy Towing
See your dealer or trailering professional
for additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as
you would prepare your vehicle for a long
trip, you’ll want to make sure your vehicle is
prepared to be towed. See Before Leaving on
a Long Trip on page 356.
Two-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
Dinghy Towing and Dolly Towing
All-Wheel Drive Vehicles
Notice: Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle with
all four wheels on the ground, or even with
only two of its wheels on the ground, will
damage drivetrain components. Do not tow an
all-wheel-drive vehicle if any of its wheels
will be on the ground.
Notice: If you tow a two-wheel-drive vehicle
with all four wheels on the ground, the
transmission could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Do not
tow a two-wheel-drive vehicle with all four
wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel-drive vehicles should not be towed
with all four wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel-drive transmissions have no provisions
for internal lubrication while being towed.
Your vehicle is not designed to be towed with any
of the wheels on the ground. If your vehicle
must be towed, see Towing Your Vehicle on
page 372.
373
Dolly Towing
Two-Wheel-Drive Vehicles (Rear Wheels
Off the Ground)
Notice: If you tow a two-wheel-drive vehicle
with the rear wheels on the ground, the
transmission could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Never
tow your vehicle with the rear wheels on the
ground.
Two-wheel-drive vehicles should not be towed
with the rear wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel-drive transmissions have no provisions
for internal lubrication while being towed.
Two-wheel-drive vehicles can be towed on a dolly
with the front wheels on the ground provided
that the wheels are straight.
Use the following procedure to dolly tow your
vehicle:
1. Drive the vehicle up onto the tow dolly.
2. Shift the transmission to PARK (P).
3. Turn the engine off, but leave the ignition on.
4. Firmly set the parking brake.
374
5. Securely attach the vehicle being towed to the
tow dolly.
6. Release the parking brake only after the
vehicle being towed is firmly attached to
the towing vehicle.
Autoride®
The Autoride® feature provides improved vehicle
ride and handling under a variety of passenger and
loading conditions.
The system is fully automatic and uses a computer
controller to continuously monitor vehicle speed,
wheel to body position, lift/dive and steering
position of the vehicle. The controller then sends
signals to each shock absorber to independently
adjust the damping level to provide the optimum
vehicle ride.
Autoride® also interacts with the tow/haul mode
that, when activated, will provide additional control
of the shock absorbers. This additional control
results in better ride and handling characteristics
when the vehicle is loaded or towing a trailer.
See “Tow/Haul Mode” under Towing a Trailer
on page 375 for more information.
Towing a Trailer
Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See New
Vehicle Break-In on page 137 for more information.
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment
and drive properly, you can lose control
when you pull a trailer. For example, if the
trailer is too heavy, the brakes may not
work well — or even at all. You and your
passengers could be seriously injured.
You may also damage your vehicle;
the resulting repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Pull a trailer only if
you have followed all the steps in this
section. Ask your dealer for advice and
information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can
damage your vehicle and result in costly repairs
not covered by your warranty. To pull a trailer
correctly, follow the advice in this part, and see
your dealer for important information about
towing a trailer with your vehicle.
To identify the trailering capacity of your vehicle,
you should read the information in “Weight of
the Trailer” that appears later in this section.
Trailering is different than just driving your vehicle
by itself. Trailering means changes in handling,
acceleration, braking, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety
rules. Many of these are important for your safety
and that of your passengers. So please read
this section carefully before you pull a trailer.
375
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed
limit restrictions, having to do with trailering.
Make sure your rig will be legal, not only
where you live but also where you’ll be driving.
A good source for this information can be
state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches”
later in this section.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first
500 miles (800 km) your new vehicle is driven.
Your engine, axle or other parts could be
damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that
you tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph
(80 km/h) and don’t make starts at full throttle.
This helps your engine and other parts of
your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.
• You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want
to shift the transmission to THIRD (3) or,
if necessary, a lower gear selection if
the transmission shifts too often (e.g., under
heavy loads and/or hilly conditions).
See “Tow/Haul Mode” next.
376
Three important considerations have to do
with weight:
• the weight of the trailer
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the weight on your vehicle’s tires
Tow/Haul Mode
Tow/haul is designed to assist while your
vehicle is pulling a large or heavy load or trailer.
Tow/haul is most useful while pulling such a
load in rolling terrain, in stop-and-go traffic, or
when you need improved low-speed control, such
as when parking. The purpose of the tow/haul
mode is to do the following:
• Reduce the frequency and improve the
predictability of transmission shifts when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
• Provide the same solid shift feel when pulling
a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load as
when the vehicle is unloaded.
• Improve control of vehicle speed while
requiring less throttle pedal activity when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
Tow/haul is designed to be most effective when
the vehicle and trailer combined weight is at least
75 percent of the vehicle’s Gross Combination
Weight Rating (GCWR). See “Weight of the
Trailer” later in this section.
A light on the instrument
panel will illuminate
to indicate that
tow/haul mode has
been selected.
The vehicle will automatically turn off tow/haul
every time it is started.
Driving with tow/haul activated without a heavy
load or with no trailer will cause reduced fuel
economy and unpleasant engine and transmission
driving characteristics, but will not cause
damage.
Press this button at the end of the shift lever to
enable/disable the tow/haul mode.
Operating the vehicle in tow/haul when lightly
loaded or with no trailer at all will not cause
damage. However, there is no benefit to the
selection of tow/haul when the vehicle is unloaded.
Such a selection when unloaded may result in
unpleasant engine and transmission driving
characteristics and reduced fuel economy.
Tow/haul is recommended only when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
377
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. It can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on
your vehicle, and the amount of tongue weight the
vehicle can carry. See “Weight of the Trailer
Tongue” later in this section for more information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming
only the driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all
the required trailering equipment. The weight
of additional optional equipment, passengers and
cargo in the tow vehicle must be subtracted
from the maximum trailer weight.
Use the following chart to determine how much
your vehicle can weigh, based upon your vehicle
model and options.
Vehicle
Axle Ratio
Max. Trailer Wt.
**GCWR
Escalade 2WD 6.2L
3.42
7,400 lbs (3 356 kg)
13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)
Escalade AWD 6.2L
3.42
8,100 lbs (3 674 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
Escalade ESV AWD 6.2L
3.42
7,800 lbs (3 538 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
** The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is the total allowable weight of the completely loaded vehicle and
trailer including any passengers, cargo, equipment and conversions. The GCWR for your vehicle should
not be exceeded.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering
information or advice, or you can write us at
the address listed in your Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information Booklet.
378
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total
or gross weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle
Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the
vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and
the people who will be riding in the vehicle. If you
have a lot of options, equipment, passengers
or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue
weight your vehicle can carry, which will also
reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must add the tongue
load to the GVW because your vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 366 for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent
to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B),
up to a maximum of 600 lbs (272 kg) with a weight
carrying hitch. The trailer tongue weight (A) should
be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B), up to the maximum of 1,000 lbs
(454 kg) with a weight distributing hitch.
Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue
weight for your vehicle. Choose the shortest hitch
extension that will position the hitch ball closest
to the vehicle. This will help reduce the effect
of trailer tongue weight on the rear axle.
379
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer
and then the tongue, separately, to see if the
weights are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able
to get them right simply by moving some items
around in the trailer.
Trailering may be limited by the vehicle’s ability
to carry tongue weight. Tongue weight cannot
cause the vehicle to exceed the GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) or the RGAWR (Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating). The effect of additional
weight may reduce your trailering capacity more
than the total of the additional weight.
Consider the following example:
A vehicle model base weight is 5,500 lbs
(2 495 kg); 2,800 lbs (1 270 kg) at the front axle
and 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg) at the rear axle. It
has a GVWR of 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg), a RGAWR
of 4,000 lbs (1 814 kg) and a GCWR (Gross
Combination Weight Rating) of 14,000 lbs
(6 350 kg). The trailer rating should be:
380
You can expect tongue weight to be at least
10 percent of trailer weight (850 lbs (386 kg)) and
because the weight is applied well behind the
rear axle, the effect on the rear axle will be greater
than just the weight itself, as much as 1.5 times
as much. The weight at the rear axle could
be 850 lbs (386 kg) X 1.5 = 1,275 lbs (578 kg).
Since the rear axle already weighs 2,700 lbs
(1 225 kg), adding 1,275 lbs (578 kg) brings the
total to 3,975 lbs (1 803 kg). This is very close to,
but within the limit for RGAWR as well. The
vehicle is set to trailer up to 8,500 lbs (3 856 kg).
But let’s say your specific vehicle is equipped
with some of the latest options and you have a
front seat passenger and two rear seat passengers
with some luggage and gear in the vehicle as
well. You may add 300 lbs (136 kg) to the
front axle weight and 400 lbs (181 kg) to the rear
axle weight.
Your vehicle now weighs:
It is important that you make sure your vehicle
does not exceed any of its ratings — GCWR,
GVWR, RGAWR, Maximum Trailer Rating
or Tongue Weight. The only way to be sure you
are not exceeding any of these ratings is to weigh
your vehicle and trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Weight is still below 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg) and you
may think that you should subtract 700 additional
pounds (318 kg) from your trailering capacity
to stay within GCWR limits. Your maximum trailer
would only be 7,800 lbs (3 538 kg). You may
go further and think you must limit tongue
weight to less than 1,000 lbs (454 kg) to avoid
exceeding GVWR. But, you must still consider
the effect on the rear axle. Because your rear
axle now weighs 3,100 lbs (1 406 kg), you can
only put 900 lbs (408 kg) on the rear axle
without exceeding RGAWR. The effect of tongue
weight is about 1.5 times the actual weight.
Dividing the 900 lbs (408 kg) by 1.5 leaves you
with being able to handle only 600 lbs (272 kg) of
tongue weight. Since tongue weight is usually
at least 10 percent of total loaded trailer weight,
you can expect that the largest trailer your vehicle
can properly handle is 6,000 lbs (2 721 kg).
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
upper limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers
on the Certification label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 366. Then be sure you don’t go over
the GVW limit for your vehicle, or the GAWR,
including the weight of the trailer tongue. If you use
a weight distributing hitch, make sure you don’t
go over the rear axle limit before you apply
the weight distribution spring bars.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough
roads are a few reasons why you’ll need the
right hitch.
381
Weight-Distributing Hitches and Weight
Carrying Hitches
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded,
will weigh more than 5,000 lbs (2 270 kg) be sure
to use a properly mounted weight-distributing
hitch and sway control of the proper size.
This equipment is very important for proper
vehicle loading and good handling when driving.
You should always use a sway control if your
trailer will weigh more than these limits. You can
ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
Safety Chains
(A) Body-to-Ground Distance (B) Front of Vehicle
When using a weight-distributing hitch, the hitch
must be adjusted so that the distance (A) remains
the same both before and after coupling the
trailer to the tow vehicle.
If you use a step-bumper hitch, the bumper could
be damaged in sharp turns. Make sure there is
ample room when turning to avoid contact between
the trailer and the bumper.
382
You should always attach chains between your
vehicle and your trailer. Cross the safety chains
under the tongue of the trailer to help prevent the
tongue from contacting the road if it becomes
separated from the hitch. Always leave just enough
slack so you can turn with your rig. Never allow
safety chains to drag on the ground.
If you are towing a trailer up to 5,000 lbs (900 kg)
with a factory-installed step bumper, you may
attach the safety chains to the attaching points on
the bumper. If you are towing a trailer up to
your vehicle’s trailer rating limit, you may attach
the safety chains to the attaching point on the hitch
platform. If you are towing with an aftermarket
hitch, follow the trailer or hitch manufacturer’s
recommendation for attaching safety chains.
Always leave just enough slack so you can turn
with your rig. Never allow safety chains to drag
on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 2,000 lbs (900 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes — and
they must be adequate. Be sure to read and follow
the instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be
able to install, adjust and maintain them properly.
Since your vehicle is equipped with StabiliTrak®,
your trailer brake system cannot tap into the
vehicle’s hydraulic brake system.
Driving with a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open
and you pull a trailer with your vehicle,
carbon monoxide (CO) could come into
your vehicle. You can not see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness or
death. See Engine Exhaust on page 153.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
To maximize your safety when towing
a trailer:
• Have your exhaust system inspected
for leaks, and make necessary repairs
before starting on your trip.
• Keep the rear-most windows closed.
• If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or
another opening, drive with your front,
main heating or cooling system on
and with the fan on any speed. This
will bring fresh, outside air into your
vehicle. Do not use the climate control
setting for maximum air because it
only recirculates the air inside your
vehicle. See Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 212.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of
experience. Before setting out for the open road,
you’ll want to get to know your rig.
383
Acquaint yourself with the feel of handling and
braking with the added weight of the trailer. And
always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly
as responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer
has electric brakes, start your vehicle and
trailer moving and then apply the trailer brake
controller by hand to be sure the brakes are
working. This lets you check your electrical
connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure
that the load is secure, and that the lamps and
any trailer brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead
as you would when driving your vehicle without
a trailer. This can help you avoid situations
that require heavy braking and sudden turns.
384
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a
good deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can
return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with
one hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left, just
move that hand to the left. To move the trailer
to the right, move your hand to the right. Always
back up slowly and, if possible, have someone
guide you.
Making Turns
Notice: Making very sharp turns while
trailering could cause the trailer to come in
contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could
be damaged. Avoid making very sharp
turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer
won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs,
trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden
maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift
the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary,
a lower gear selection if the transmission shifts
too often (e.g., under heavy loads and/or hilly
conditions).
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
You may also want to activate the tow/haul
mode if the transmission shifts too often.
See “Tow/Haul Mode” earlier.
The arrows on your instrument panel will
flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also
flash, telling other drivers you’re about to
turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs
on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think
drivers behind you are seeing your signal when
they are not. It’s important to check occasionally to
be sure the trailer bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill
grades, consider the following: Engine coolant at
or near sea level will boil at a lower temperature
than at higher altitudes. If you turn your engine
off immediately after towing at high altitude
on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show
signs similar to engine overheating. To avoid this,
let the engine run while parked (preferably on
level ground) with the automatic transmission
in PARK (P) for at least five minutes before
turning the engine off. If you do get the overheat
warning, see Engine Overheating on page 418.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before
you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you
don’t shift down, you might have to use your
brakes so much that they would get hot and no
longer work well.
385
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your
vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill.
If something goes wrong, your rig could
start to move. People can be injured,
and both your vehicle and the trailer can
be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,
here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the
trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release
the regular brakes until the chocks absorb
the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
386
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal
down while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of
the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store
the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when
you’re pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance
Schedule for more on this. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are
automatic transmission fluid (don’t overfill), engine
oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system and brake
system. Each of these is covered in this manual,
and the Index will help you find them quickly.
If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these
sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and
bolts are tight.
Trailer Wiring Harness
Heavy-Duty Trailer Wiring Package
•
•
•
•
White: Ground
Light Green: Back-up Lamps
Red w/ Black Stripe: Battery Feed*
Dark Blue: Trailer Brake*
*The fuses for these two circuits are installed in
the underhood electrical center, but the circuits are
not connected. They should be installed by your
dealer or a qualified service center.
Your vehicle is equipped with the seven-wire
trailer towing harness. This harness with a
seven-pin universal heavy-duty trailer connector
is attached to the rear bumper beam. It is located
next to the integrated trailer hitch.
The seven-wire harness contains the following
trailer circuits:
• Yellow: Left Stop/Turn Signal
• Dark Green: Right Stop/Turn Signal
• Brown: Taillamps
If you are charging a remote (non-vehicle) battery,
press the tow/haul mode button located at the
end of the shift lever. This will boost the vehicle
system voltage and properly charge the battery.
If the trailer is too light for tow/haul mode, you
can turn on the headlamps as a second way
to boost the vehicle system and charge the battery.
387
Electric Brake Control Wiring
Provisions
These wiring provisions are included with your
vehicle as part of the heavy-duty trailer wiring
package. These provisions are for an electric
brake controller. The red/black stripe power feed
will not be connected to the battery until the
ring terminal is unstowed and connected to the
underhood electrical center. The instrument
panel contains blunt cut wires near the data
link connector for the trailer brake controller.
The harness contains the following wires:
• Dark Blue: Auxiliary
• Red/Black: Battery
• Light Blue/White: Brake Switch
• White: Ground
It should be installed by your dealer or a
qualfiied service center.
388
Trailer Recommendations
You must subtract your hitch loads from the
Cargo Weight Rating (CWR). CWR is the
maximum weight of the load your vehicle can
carry. It doesn’t include the weight of the people
inside. But you can figure about 150 lbs. (68 kg)
for each seat. The total cargo load must not
be more than your vehicle’s CWR.
Weigh your vehicle with the trailer attached, so
that you won’t go over the GVWR or GAWR.
If you are using a weight-distributing hitch, weigh
the vehicle without the spring bars in place.
You’ll get the best performance if you spread
out the weight of your load the right way, and if
you choose the correct hitch and trailer brakes.
For more information, see Towing a Trailer
on page 375.
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service .........................................................392
Accessories and Modifications ....................393
California Proposition 65 Warning ...............393
Doing Your Own Service Work ...................394
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle .......................................395
Fuel ..............................................................395
Gasoline Octane ........................................395
Gasoline Specifications ...............................395
California Fuel ............................................396
Additives ....................................................396
Fuels in Foreign Countries .........................397
Filling the Tank ..........................................398
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ................400
Checking Things Under the Hood ..............400
Hood Release ............................................401
Engine Compartment Overview ...................402
Engine Oil ..................................................403
Engine Oil Life System ...............................406
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter .............................408
Automatic Transmission Fluid .....................411
Engine Coolant ...........................................415
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap .............418
Engine Overheating ....................................418
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ......................................421
Cooling System ..........................................422
Engine Fan Noise ......................................427
Power Steering Fluid ..................................427
Windshield Washer Fluid ............................428
Brakes .......................................................429
Battery .......................................................433
Jump Starting .............................................434
All-Wheel Drive ............................................438
Rear Axle .....................................................439
Front Axle ....................................................440
Headlamp Aiming ........................................441
Bulb Replacement ........................................445
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ......445
Back-Up Lamps ..........................................445
License Plate Lamp ....................................447
Replacement Bulbs ....................................447
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ........448
389
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Tires .............................................................450
Tire Sidewall Labeling ................................451
Tire Terminology and Definitions ................453
Inflation - Tire Pressure ..............................456
High-Speed Operation ................................458
Tire Pressure Monitor System ....................458
Tire Inspection and Rotation .......................463
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................465
Buying New Tires .......................................465
Different Size Tires and Wheels .................467
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................468
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance .............469
Wheel Replacement ...................................470
Tire Chains ................................................471
If a Tire Goes Flat .....................................472
Changing a Flat Tire ..................................473
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ...........474
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire ........................................478
Secondary Latch System ............................484
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools .......488
Spare Tire ..................................................492
390
Appearance Care .........................................492
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ...........492
Fabric/Carpet ..............................................494
Leather ......................................................495
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces ............................495
Wood Panels .............................................496
Speaker Covers .........................................496
Care of Safety Belts ...................................496
Weatherstrips .............................................496
Washing Your Vehicle ................................496
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .................497
Finish Care ................................................497
Windshield, Backglass, and
Wiper Blades ..........................................498
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ..........498
Tires ..........................................................499
Sheet Metal Damage ..................................499
Finish Damage ...........................................500
Underbody Maintenance .............................500
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................500
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............501
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Vehicle Identification ...................................502
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ............502
Service Parts Identification Label ................502
Electrical System .........................................502
Add-On Electrical Equipment ......................502
Windshield Wiper Fuses .............................503
Power Windows and Other Power Options ....503
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................503
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ......................504
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block ..........506
Underhood Fuse Block ...............................507
Capacities and Specifications .....................512
391
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you will go
to your dealer for all your service needs.
You will get genuine GM parts and GM-trained
and supported service people.
392
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all
GM. Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Accessories and Modifications
California Proposition 65 Warning
When you add non-GM accessories to your vehicle
they can affect your vehicle’s performance and
safety, including such things as, airbags, braking,
stability, ride and handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and electronic systems
like anti-lock brakes, traction control and
stability control. Some of these accessories may
even cause malfunction or damage not covered
by warranty.
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain
and/or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm. Engine exhaust,
many parts and systems (including some inside
the vehicle), many fluids, and some component
wear by-products contain and/or emit these
chemicals.
GM Accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on your vehicle.
Your GM dealer can accessorize your vehicle
using genuine GM Accessories. When you go to
your GM dealer and ask for GM Accessories,
you will know that GM-trained and supported
service technicians will perform the work using
genuine GM Accessories.
393
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could
be damaged if you try to do service work
on a vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement
parts, and tools before you attempt
any vehicle maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts,
and other fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily confused.
If you use the wrong fasteners, parts
can later break or fall off. You could
be hurt.
394
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you will want to use the proper service manual.
It tells you much more about how to service
your vehicle than this manual can. To order the
proper service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 553.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to do your own service work,
see Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
on page 104.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date of any service
work you perform. See Maintenance Record
on page 531.
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your
vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may
cause wind noise and affect windshield washer
performance. Check with your dealer before
adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important
part of the proper maintenance of your vehicle.
To help keep your engine clean and maintain
optimum vehicle performance, GM recommends
the use of gasoline advertised as TOP TIER
Detergent Gasoline.
Gasoline Octane
Use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted
octane rating of 91 or higher. You may also use
regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher, but your vehicle’s acceleration may be
slightly reduced, and you may notice a slight
audible knocking noise, commonly referred to as
spark knock. If the octane is less than 87, you may
notice a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If
this occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might
damage your engine. If you are using gasoline
rated at 87 octane or higher and you hear heavy
knocking, your engine needs service.
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should meet ASTM
specification D 4814 in the United States or
CAN/CGSB-3.5 in Canada. Some gasolines may
contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT). General Motors recommends against the
use of gasolines containing MMT. See Additives
on page 396 for additional information.
395
California Fuel
Additives
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
Emissions Standards, it is designed to operate
on fuels that meet California specifications.
See the underhood emission control label.
If this fuel is not available in states adopting
California emissions standards, your vehicle will
operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp may turn on and your vehicle may
fail a smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 232. If this occurs, return to
your authorized GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is
determined that the condition is caused by the
type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered
by your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the
United States are now required to contain additives
that will help prevent engine and fuel system
deposits from forming, allowing your emission
control system to work properly. In most cases,
you should not have to add anything to your
fuel. However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
To help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean,
or if your vehicle experiences problems due to
dirty injectors or valves, look for gasoline that is
advertised as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline.
Also, your GM dealer has additives that will help
correct and prevent most deposit-related problems.
396
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as
ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines
may be available in your area. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels
containing more than 10% ethanol must not
be used in vehicles that were not designed for
those fuels.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Do not use
fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal
parts in your fuel system and also damage
the plastic and rubber parts. That damage
would not be covered under your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for
low emissions may contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you
buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT.
General Motors recommends against the use of
such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
the life of spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system may be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer
for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside
the United States or Canada, the proper fuel
may be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline
or any other fuel not recommended in the previous
text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel would not be covered by your
warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club,
or contact a major oil company that does business
in the country where you will be driving.
397
Filling the Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire
can cause bad injuries. To help avoid
injuries to you and others, read and follow
all the instructions on the pump island.
Turn off your engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are near
fuel or refueling your vehicle. Keep
sparks, flames, and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel
pump unattended when refueling your
vehicle — this is against the law in some
places. Keep children away from the fuel
pump; never let children pump fuel.
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a hinged
fuel door on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
To open the fuel door, apply pressure in the center
of the rear edge of the fuel door and it will pop open.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the
left (counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a
spring in it; if the cap is released too soon,
it will spring back to the right.
While refueling, hang the tethered fuel cap from
the hook on the fuel door.
398
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Fuel can spray out on you if you open
the fuel cap too quickly. This spray can
happen if your tank is nearly full, and is
more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel
cap slowly and wait for any hiss noise to
stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill
the tank and wait a few seconds after you have
finished pumping before removing the nozzle.
Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon as
possible. See Washing Your Vehicle on page 496.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it to the
right (clockwise) until it clicks. Make sure the
cap is fully installed. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or
improperly installed. This would allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. See Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 232.
If your vehicle has a Driver Information Center
(DIC), the TIGHTEN GAS CAP message will be
displayed if the fuel cap is not properly installed.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling,
do not remove the nozzle. Shut off the
flow of fuel by shutting off the pump
or by notifying the station attendant.
Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure
to get the right type. Your dealer can get
one for you. If you get the wrong type,
it may not fit properly. This may cause your
malfunction indicator lamp to light and
may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp
on page 232.
399
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while
it is in your vehicle. Static electricity
discharge from the container can ignite the
gasoline vapor. You can be badly burned
and your vehicle damaged if this occurs.
To help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside
a vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup
bed, or on any surface other than
the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with
the inside of the fill opening before
operating the nozzle. Contact should
be maintained until the filling is
complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
400
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine
parts and start a fire. These include
liquids like fuel, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and
plastic or rubber. You or others could be
burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood do the following:
1. Pull the handle
with this symbol
on it. It is located
inside the vehicle to
the lower left of
the steering wheel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and locate
the secondary hood release, near the center
of the grille.
3. Push the secondary hood release to the right.
4. Lift the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler
caps are on properly. Then pull down the
hood and close it firmly.
401
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 6.2L engine here is what you will see:
402
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter on page 408.
B. Air Filter Restriction Indicator (If Equipped).
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 408.
C. Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Cooling System on page 422 and Coolant
Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 418.
D. Remote Positive (+) Terminal. See Jump
Starting on page 434.
E. Battery. See Battery on page 433.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add
Engine Oil” under Engine Oil on page 403.
G. Automatic Transmission Dipstick (Out of View).
See “Checking the Fluid Level” under
Automatic Transmission Fluid on page 411.
H. Remote Negative (−) Terminal (GND)
(Out of View). See Jump Starting on page 434.
I. Engine Oil Dipstick (Out of View). See
“Checking Engine Oil” under Engine Oil
on page 403.
J. Engine Cooling Fan (Out of View).
See Cooling System on page 422.
K. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir (Out of View).
See Power Steering Fluid on page 427.
L. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See “Brake
Fluid” under Brakes on page 429.
M. Underhood Fuse Block. See Underhood
Fuse Block on page 507.
N. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 428.
Engine Oil
If the ENGINE OIL LOW ADD OIL message
appears on the Driver Information Center (DIC),
it means you need to check your engine oil
level right away. For more information, see
ENGINE OIL LOW ADD OIL under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 245.
You should check your engine oil level regularly;
this is an added reminder.
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every
time you get fuel. In order to get an accurate
reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle
must be on level ground.
403
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 402
for the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several
minutes to drain back into the oil pan.
If you do not do this, the oil dipstick might
not show the actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper
towel or cloth, then push it back in all the
way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down,
and check the level.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If the engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above
the cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, the engine could be damaged.
See Engine
Compartment
Overview on page 402
for the location of
the engine oil fill cap.
When to Add Engine Oil
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating range.
Push the dipstick all the way back in when
you are through.
If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at the
tip of the dipstick, you will need to add at least
one quart/liter of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This section explains what kind of
oil to use. For engine oil crankcase capacity,
see Capacities and Specifications on page 512.
404
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should
also have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the
American Petroleum
Institute (API).
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting
GM Standard GM6094M. You should look for
and use only an oil that meets GM Standard
GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30
is best for your vehicle.
You should look for this information on the oil
container, and use only those oils that are identified
as meeting GM Standard GM6094M and have the
starburst symbol on the front of the oil container.
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as
meeting GM Standard GM6094M and showing
the American Petroleum Institute Certified
For Gasoline Engines starburst symbol. Failure
to use the recommended oil can result in
engine damage not covered by your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements
for your vehicle.
405
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where
the temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will
provide easier cold starting and better protection
for your engine at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended
oils with the starburst symbol that meet GM
Standard GM6094M are all you will need for
good performance and engine protection.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you
know when to change the engine oil and filter.
This is based on engine revolutions and engine
temperature, and not on mileage. Based on driving
conditions, the mileage at which an oil change
will be indicated can vary considerably. For the oil
life system to work properly, you must reset the
system every time the oil is changed.
406
When the system has calculated that oil life has
been diminished, it will indicate that an oil change
is necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message will come on. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 245. Change your oil
as soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the oil life system
may not indicate that an oil change is necessary
for over a year. However, your engine oil and filter
must be changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset. Your dealer
has GM-trained service people who will perform
this work using genuine GM parts and reset
the system. It is also important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you
must change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
since your last oil change. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when
to change your engine oil and filter based
on vehicle use. Anytime your oil is changed,
reset the system so it can calculate when the
next oil change is required. If a situation occurs
where you change your oil prior to a CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message being turned
on, reset the system.
Always reset the engine oil life to 100% after
every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset
the Engine Oil Life System, do the following:
1. Display the OIL LIFE REMAINING on the DIC.
2. Press and hold the SET/RESET button on
the DIC for more than five seconds. The oil
life will change to 100%.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes back on when you start your vehicle,
the Engine Oil Life System has not reset.
Repeat the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that
may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer. Do not let used oil stay on
your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails
with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner.
Wash or properly dispose of clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil
products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment.
If you change your own oil, be sure to drain all
the oil from the filter before disposal. Never
dispose of oil by putting it in the trash, pouring it
on the ground, into sewers, or into streams or
bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it
to a place that collects used oil. If you have
a problem properly disposing of used oil, ask
your dealer, a service station, or a local recycling
center for help.
407
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 402 for the
location of the engine
air cleaner/filter and
the air filter restriction
indicator, if the
vehicle has one.
When to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
If your vehicle has an air filter restriction indicator,
it lets you know when the engine air cleaner/filter
needs to be replaced. On vehicles with a
restriction indicator, you should inspect the
air filter restriction indicator at every oil change
and replace the engine air cleaner/filter when
the indicator tells you to.
On vehicles without an air filter restriction indicator,
inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace it at the first oil change
after each 50,000 mile (83 000 km) interval.
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 517 for
more information. If you are driving in dusty/dirty
conditions, inspect the filter at each engine
oil change.
408
How to Inspect the Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter
Vehicles With an Air Filter
Restriction Indicator
Replacing the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
and Resetting the Air Filter Restriction
Indicator
Locate the air filter restriction indicator on the
engine air cleaner/filter cover. When the indicator
turns black or is in the red/orange “change”
zone, replace the filter and reset the indicator.
See the steps following to replace the engine
air cleaner/filter and to reset the air filter
restriction indicator.
Vehicles Without an Air Filter
Restriction Indicator
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the engine
air cleaner/filter from the vehicle by following
step 1 through 6. When you have the engine
air cleaner/filter removed, lightly shake it to release
loose dust and dirt. If the engine air cleaner/filter
remains caked with dirt, a new filter is required.
1. Locate the air cleaner/filter assembly.
See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 402.
2. Loosen the four screws on the cover of
the housing and lift up the cover.
409
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off can cause you or others
to be burned. The air cleaner not only
cleans the air; it helps to stop flames if
the engine backfires. If it is not there
and the engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the
air cleaner/filter off.
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter from the
housing. Care should be taken to dislodge
as little dirt as possible.
4. Clean the engine air cleaner/filter sealing
surfaces and the housing.
5. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
6. Reinstall the cover and tighten the screws.
7. Reset the air filter restriction indicator,
if the vehicle has one, by pressing the
top button on the indicator.
410
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transmission Fluid
It is usually not necessary to check the
transmission fluid level. A transmission fluid leak
is the only reason for fluid loss. If you suspect
a small leak, then use the following checking
procedures to check the fluid level. However,
if there is a large leak, then it may be necessary
to have the vehicle towed to a dealership
service department and have it repaired before
driving the vehicle further.
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic
transmission fluid may damage your vehicle,
and the damages may not be covered by
your warranty. Always use the automatic
transmission fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 527.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed
in the Maintenance Schedule. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 517. Be sure to use
the transmission fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 527.
How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can
damage your transmission. Too much can
mean that some of the fluid could come out
and fall on hot engine part or exhaust system
parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid could
cause the transmission to overheat. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you check
your transmission fluid.
Before checking the fluid level, prepare your
vehicle as follows:
1. Start the engine and park your vehicle on
a level surface. Keep the engine running.
2. Apply the parking brake and place the
shift lever in PARK (P).
3. With your foot on the brake pedal, move
the shift lever through each gear range,
pausing for about three seconds in each
range. Then, move the shift lever back
to PARK (P).
411
4. Allow the engine to idle (500 – 800 rpm)
for at least one minute. Slowly release
the brake pedal.
5. Keep the engine running and press the
Trip/Fuel button until TRANS TEMP
(Transmission Temperature) displays on
the Driver Information Center (DIC).
6. Using the TRANS TEMP reading, determine
and perform the appropriate check procedure.
If the TRANS TEMP reading is not within
the required temperature ranges, allow
the vehicle to cool, or operate the vehicle
until the appropriate transmission fluid
temperature is reached.
Cold Check Procedure
Use this procedure only as a reference to
determine if the transmission has enough fluid to
be operated safely until a hot check procedure
can be made. The hot check procedure is the most
accurate method to check the fluid level. Perform
the hot check procedure at the first opportunity.
412
Use this cold check procedure to check fluid level
when the transmission temperature is between
80°F and 90°F (27°C and 32°C).
1. Locate the transmission dipstick at the rear of
the engine compartment, on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
The dipstick handle
has this graphic. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 402
for more information.
2. Flip the handle up, and then pull out the
dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it back in all
the way, wait three seconds, and then pull it
back out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read
the lower level. Repeat the check procedure
to verify the reading.
Hot Check Procedure
Use this procedure to check the transmission fluid
level when the transmission fluid temperature is
between 160°F and 200°F (71°C and 93°C).
The hot check is the most accurate method to
check the fluid level. The hot check should be
performed at the first opportunity in order to
verify the cold check. The fluid level rises as fluid
temperature increases, so it is important to ensure
the transmission temperature is within range.
5. If the fluid level is below the COLD check
band, add only enough fluid as necessary
to bring the level into the COLD band.
It does not take much fluid, generally less
than one pint (0.5L). Do not overfill.
6. Perform a hot check at the first opportunity
after the transmission reaches a normal
operating temperature between 160°F to
200°F (71°C to 93°C).
7. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way, then
flip the handle down to lock the dipstick
in place.
1. Locate the transmission dipstick at the
rear of the engine compartment, on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle.
The dipstick handle has
this graphic. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 402 for
more information.
413
2. Flip the handle up, and then pull out the
dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it back in all
the way, wait three seconds, and then pull it
back out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read
the lower level. Repeat the check procedure
to verify the reading.
5. Safe operating level is within the HOT
crosshatch band on the dipstick. If the fluid
level is not within the HOT band, and the
transmission temperature is between 160°F
and 200°F (71°C and 93°C), add or drain fluid
as necessary to bring the level into the HOT
band. If the fluid level is low, add only enough
fluid to bring the level into the HOT band.
It does not take much fluid, generally less
than one pint (0.5L). Do not overfill.
6. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way, then
flip the handle down to lock the dipstick
in place.
414
Consistency of Readings
Always check the fluid level at least twice using
the procedures described. Consistency (repeatable
readings) is important to maintaining proper fluid
level. If fluid is added, it may take 15 minutes
or longer to obtain an accurate reading because
of residual fluid draining down the dipstick
tube. If inconsistent readings persist, check the
transmission breather to be sure it is clean and
not clogged. If readings are still inconsistent,
contact your dealer.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is
designed to remain in your vehicle for five years
or 150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever
occurs first, if you add only DEX-COOL®
extended life coolant.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core,
or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at
the first maintenance service after each
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always
use DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in
your vehicle.
The following explains your cooling system
and how to add coolant when it is low. If you
have a problem with engine overheating,
see Engine Overheating on page 418.
415
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water
and one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will
not damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant
mixture, you do not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
416
Notice: If you use an improper coolant
mixture, your engine could overheat and be
badly damaged. The repair cost would not be
covered by your warranty. Too much water
in the mixture can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a
year, have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use extra inhibitors and/or
additives in your vehicle’s cooling system,
you could damage your vehicle. Use only
the proper mixture of the engine coolant
listed in this manual for the cooling system.
See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 527 for more information.
Checking Coolant
Adding Coolant
The coolant surge tank is located in the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 402 for more information on location.
If you need more coolant, add the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture at the surge tank,
but only when the engine is cool.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when
the engine and radiator are hot can allow
steam and scalding liquids to blow out
and burn you badly. Never turn the surge
tank pressure cap — even a little — when
the engine and radiator are hot.
You can be burned if you spill coolant
on hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it
is hand-tight and fully seated.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When
your engine is cold, the coolant level should be
at the FULL COLD mark.
417
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Engine Overheating
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly
installed, coolant loss and possible engine
damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly
and tightly secured.
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage on page 230.
The coolant surge tank pressure cap must be
fully installed on the coolant surge tank. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 402 for
more information on location.
418
In addition, the messages ENGINE OVERHEATED
STOP ENGINE, ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE
ENGINE, or ENGINE POWER IS REDUCED could
appear in the Driver Information Center (DIC)
on the instrument panel. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 245.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood.
Stay away from the engine if you see or
hear steam coming from it. Just turn it off
and get everyone away from the vehicle
until it cools down. Wait until there is no
sign of steam or coolant before you open
the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or others could be badly burned.
Stop your engine if it overheats, and get
out of the vehicle until the engine is cool.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 421 for
information on driving to a safe place
in an emergency.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle
can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
See Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode on page 421 for information on driving
to a safe place in an emergency.
(Continued)
419
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine
The ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE
or the ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
message, along with a low coolant condition,
can indicate a serious problem.
If you get an engine overheat warning, but see
or hear no steam, the problem may not be
too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a
little too hot when you:
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
• Stop after high-speed driving.
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
• Tow a trailer. See Towing a Trailer
on page 375.
420
If you get the ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP
ENGINE or the ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE
ENGINE message with no sign of steam, try this
for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner and it is on,
turn it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the windows as necessary.
3. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in
NEUTRAL (N) while stopped. If it is safe to
do so, pull off the road, shift to PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.
If you no longer have the overheat warning,
you can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for
about 10 minutes. If the warning does not
come back on, you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and
park your vehicle right away.
If there is still no sign of steam and your vehicle
has an engine-driven cooling fan, push down
the accelerator until the engine speed is about
twice as fast as normal idle speed for at least
five minutes while you are parked.
If there is still no sign of steam and your vehicle
has an electric cooling fan, idle the engine for
at least five minutes while you are parked.
If you still have the warning, turn off the engine
and get everyone out of the vehicle until it
cools down. Also, see “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” later in this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get
service help right away.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and
the REDUCED ENGINE POWER message is
displayed, an overheat protection mode which
alternates firing groups of cylinders helps prevent
engine damage. In this mode, you will notice a
loss in power and engine performance. This
operating mode allows your vehicle to be driven
to a safe place in an emergency. Driving extended
miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine
damage, allow the engine to cool before
attempting any repair. The engine oil will
be severely degraded. Repair the cause of
coolant loss, change the oil and reset the oil
life system. See Engine Oil on page 403.
421
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood,
here is what you will see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the
hood can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on a level surface.
Check the coolant level after the system cools
down. Some amount of coolant may be lost due
to overheating.
A. Coolant Surge Tank
B. Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
C. Engine Cooling Fan
422
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
engine parts, can be very hot. Do not
touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak.
If you run the engine, it could lose all
coolant. That could cause an engine fire,
and you could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
The coolant level should be at or above the
FULL COLD mark. If it is not, you may have
a leak at the pressure cap or in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump,
or somewhere else in the cooling system.
Notice: Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant is not covered by your
warranty. See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 421 for information
on driving to a safe place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always
use DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in
your vehicle.
423
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see
if coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant is
visible but the coolant level is not at or above the
FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant at the
coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling system,
including the coolant surge tank pressure cap,
is cool before you do it. See Engine Coolant
on page 415 for more information.
424
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add
coolant as follows:
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling system can blow out and burn
you badly. They are under pressure,
and if you turn the radiator pressure
cap — even a little — they can come out
at high speed. Never turn the cap when
the cooling system, including the radiator
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling
system and radiator pressure cap to cool
if you ever have to turn the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
You can be burned if you spill coolant
on hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not
spill coolant on a hot engine.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts. Use the recommended
coolant and the proper coolant mixture.
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap when
the cooling system,
including the coolant
surge tank pressure
cap and upper
radiator hose, is no
longer hot.
Remove the coolant surge tank pressure cap by
slowly turning the pressure cap counterclockwise
about one full turn. If you hear a hiss, wait for
that to stop. A hiss means there is still some
pressure left.
425
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the FULL COLD mark.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can
feel the upper radiator hose getting hot.
Watch out for the engine cooling fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the level
is lower, add more of the proper mixture to
the coolant surge tank until the level reaches
the FULL COLD mark.
426
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
6. Verify coolant level after engine is shut off
and the coolant is cold. If necessary, repeat
coolant fill procedure steps 1 through 6.
Engine Fan Noise
Your vehicle has electric cooling fans, you may
hear the fans spinning at low speed during
most everyday driving. The fans may turn off if no
cooling is required. Under heavy vehicle loading,
trailer towing, and/or high outside temperatures,
or if you are operating your air conditioning
system, the fans may change to high speed and
you may hear an increase in fan noise. This
is normal and indicates that the cooling system
is functioning properly. The fans will change to
low speed when additional cooling is no longer
required.
Power Steering Fluid
See Engine
Compartment
Overview on
page 402 for
reservoir location.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power
steering fluid unless you suspect there is a leak
in the system or you hear an unusual noise.
A fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
427
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
To check the power steering fluid, do the following:
1. Turn the key off and let the engine
compartment cool down.
What to Use
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean.
3. Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with
a clean rag.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
5. Remove the cap again and look at the
fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring
the level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 527.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the
proper fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses
and seals.
428
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure
to read the manufacturer’s instructions before
use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area
where the temperature may fall below freezing,
use a fluid that has sufficient protection against
freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
Your vehicle has a low washer fluid message
that comes on when the washer fluid is low.
The message is displayed for 15 seconds at the
start of each ignition cycle. When the WASHER
FLUID LOW ADD FLUID message is displayed,
you will need to add washer fluid to the windshield
washer fluid reservoir.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until
the tank is full. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 402
for reservoir location.
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean as well
as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if
it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master
cylinder reservoir is
filled with DOT-3 brake
fluid. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 402 for the
location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid
level in the reservoir might go down. The first
is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When
new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back
up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
of the brake system. If it is, you should have
your brake system fixed, since a leak means
that sooner or later your brakes will not work
well, or will not work at all.
429
So, it is not a good idea to top off your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you
add fluid when your linings are worn, then you
will have too much fluid when you get new brake
linings. You should add or remove brake fluid,
as necessary, only when work is done on
the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can
spill on the engine. The fluid will burn
if the engine is hot enough. You or others
could be burned, and your vehicle could
be damaged. Add brake fluid only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic
system. See “Checking Brake Fluid”
in this section.
When the brake fluid falls to a low level, the
brake warning light will come on. See Brake
System Warning Light on page 228.
430
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
when to check your brake fluid. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 517.
Checking Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking
off the cap.
Look at the brake fluid
reservoir. The fluid level
should be above MIN.
If it is not, have your
brake system checked
to see if there is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above the MIN but not
over the MAX mark.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3
brake fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 527.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and
the area around the cap before removing it.
This will help keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your
brake system, your brakes may not work
well, or they may not even work at all.
This could cause a crash. Always use
the proper brake fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just
a few drops of mineral-based oil, such
as engine oil, in your brake system
can damage brake system parts so
badly that they will have to be replaced.
Do not let someone put in the wrong
kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can
be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it
off immediately. See Washing Your Vehicle
on page 496.
431
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the
brake pads are worn and new pads are needed.
The sound may come and go or be heard all
the time your vehicle is moving, except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means
that soon your brakes will not work well.
That could lead to an accident. When you
hear the brake wear warning sound, have
your vehicle serviced.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque
specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as
complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not
return to normal height, or if there is a rapid
increase in pedal travel. This could be a sign of
brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out
brake pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause
a brake squeal when the brakes are first applied or
lightly applied. This does not mean something is
wrong with your brakes.
432
The braking system on a vehicle is complex.
Its many parts have to be of top quality and
work well together if the vehicle is to have
really good braking. Your vehicle was designed
and tested with top-quality GM brake parts.
When you replace parts of your braking
system — for example, when your brake linings
wear down and you need new ones put in — be
sure you get new approved GM replacement parts.
If you do not, your brakes may no longer work
properly. For example, if someone puts in brake
linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the
balance between your front and rear brakes can
change — for the worse. The braking performance
you have come to expect can change in many other
ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Battery
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery.
When it is time for a new battery, get one that has
the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
replacement battery. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 402 for battery location.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
Vehicle Storage
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for
25 days or more, remove the black, negative (−)
cable from the battery. This will help keep your
battery from running down.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly
hurt if you are not careful. See Jump
Starting on page 434 for tips on working
around a battery without getting hurt.
433
Jump Starting
If your vehicle’s battery (or batteries) has run
down, you may want to use another vehicle
and some jumper cables to start your vehicle.
Be sure to use the following steps to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode
or ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly,
some or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result
in costly damage to your vehicle that would
not be covered by your warranty.
434
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or
pulling it will not work, and it could damage
your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a
12-volt battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not
a 12-volt system with a negative ground, both
vehicles can be damaged. Only use vehicles
with 12-volt systems with negative grounds to
jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper
cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are
not touching each other. If they are, it could
cause a ground connection you do not
want. You would not be able to start your
vehicle, and the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling,
set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start procedure.
Put the automatic transmission in PARK (P)
or a manual transmission in NEUTRAL before
setting the parking brake. If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure the transfer
case is in a drive gear, not in NEUTRAL.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other
accessories on during the jump starting
procedure, they could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Always turn off your radio and other
accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
Unplug unnecessary accessories plugged
into the cigarette lighter or the accessory
power outlets. Turn off the radio and all
the lamps that are not needed. This will
avoid sparks and help save both batteries.
And it could save the radio!
4. Open the hood on the other vehicle and
locate the positive (+) and negative (−)
terminal locations on that vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump
starting terminal and a remote negative (−)
jump starting terminal. You should always
use these remote terminals instead of
the terminals on the battery.
The remote positive (+) terminal, if equipped,
is located under a red plastic cover at
the positive battery post. To uncover the
remote positive (+) terminal, open the
red plastic cover.
The remote negative (−) terminal is a stud
located on the right front of the engine,
where the negative battery cable attaches.
See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 402 for more information on the
location of the remote positive (+) and
remote negative (−) terminals.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when
the engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
435
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you need
more light.
Fans or other moving engine parts can
injure you badly. Keep your hands away
from moving parts once the engine is
running.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You do not need to add water to the
battery installed in your new vehicle.
But if a battery has filler caps, be sure
the right amount of fluid is there. If it is
low, add water to take care of that first.
If you do not, explosive gas could be
present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can
burn you. Do not get it on you. If you
accidentally get it in your eyes or on
your skin, flush the place with water
and get medical help immediately.
436
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have
loose or missing insulation. If they do, you
could get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+)
will go to positive (+) or to a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle has one. Negative (−)
will go to a heavy, unpainted metal engine
part or to a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−)
or you will get a short that would damage the
battery and maybe other parts too. And do
not connect the negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable
to the positive (+)
terminal of the
vehicle with
the dead battery.
Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle
has one.
7. Do not let the other end touch metal.
Connect it to the positive (+) terminal of
the good battery. Use a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to
the negative (−) terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until
the next step. The other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead battery.
It goes to a heavy, unpainted metal engine
part or to the remote negative (−) terminal
on the vehicle with the dead battery.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−)
cable to the remote negative (−) terminal,
on the vehicle with the dead battery.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery
and run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead
battery. If it will not start after a few tries,
it probably needs service.
437
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always
connect and remove the jumper cables in the
correct order, making sure that the cables do
not touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
vehicles do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle that had the bad battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover,
if equipped, to its original position.
All-Wheel Drive
Transfer Case
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or
Remote Negative (−) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and
Remote Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
438
If your vehicle is equipped with All-Wheel Drive,
be sure to perform the lubricant checks described
in this section. There are two additional systems
that need lubrication.
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
how often to check the lubricant. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 517.
How to Check Lubricant
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 527.
Rear Axle
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check rear axle fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a problem.
Have it inspected and repaired.
(A) Drain Plug (B) Filler Plug
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the transfer case, you’ll need to
add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant to
raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Use care not to overtighten the plug.
All axle assemblies are filled by volume of fluid
during production. They are not filled to reach
a certain level. When checking the fluid level on
any axle, variations in the readings can be caused
by factory fill differences between the minimum
and the maximum fluid volume. Also, if a vehicle
has just been driven before checking the fluid
level, it may appear lower than normal because
fluid has traveled out along the axle tubes
and has not drained back to the sump area.
439
Therefore, a reading taken five minutes after the
vehicle has been driven will appear to have a
lower fluid level than a vehicle that has been
stationary for an hour or two. Remember that
the rear axle assembly must be supported to
get a true reading.
How to Check Lubricant
The proper level is from 0.04 inch to 0.75 inch
(1.0 mm to 19.0 mm) below the bottom of
the filler plug hole, located on the rear axle.
Add only enough fluid to reach the proper level.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 527.
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check front axle
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak or you
hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate
a problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should
be on a level surface.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
440
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 527.
Headlamp Aiming
The vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system. The aim of the headlamps have been
preset at the factory and should need no further
adjustment.
A. Fill Plug
B. Drain Plug
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the front axle, you may need
to add some lubricant:
• When the differential is cold, add enough
lubricant to raise the level from 0 (0 mm)
to 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) below the filler plug hole.
• When the differential is at operating
temperature (warm), add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler
plug hole.
However, if the vehicle is damaged in an accident,
the aim of the headlamps may be affected and
adjustment may be necessary.
If oncoming vehicles flash their high beams at
you, this may mean the vertical aim of your
headlamps needs to be adjusted.
It is recommended that the vehicle is taken to
your dealer for service if the headlamps need to
be adjusted. It is possible however, to re-aim
the headlamps as described in the following
procedure.
441
The vehicle should be properly prepared as
follows:
• The vehicle should be placed so the
headlamps are 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light
colored wall or other flat surface.
• The vehicle must have all four tires on a
level surface which is level all the way to
the wall or other flat surface.
• The vehicle should be placed so it is
perpendicular to the wall or other flat surface.
• The vehicle should not have any snow, ice,
or mud on it.
• The vehicle should be fully assembled and
all other work stopped while headlamp
aiming is being performed.
• The vehicle should be normally loaded
with a full tank of fuel and one person
or 160 lbs (75 kg) sitting on the driver’s seat.
• Tires should be properly inflated.
• The spare tire is in its proper location in
the vehicle.
442
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle’s
low-beam headlamps. The high-beam headlamps
will be correctly aimed if the low-beam headlamps
are aimed properly.
To adjust the vertical aim, do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on
page 401 for more information.
2. Locate the center
of the projector lens
of the low-beam
headlamp.
3. Measure the distance from the ground to the
center of the projector lens of the low-beam
headlamp. Record the distance.
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp to improve
beam cut-off when aiming. Covering a
headlamp may cause excessive heat build-up
which may cause damage to the headlamp.
6. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place
a piece of cardboard or equivalent in front
of the headlamp not being adjusted. This
allows only the beam of light from the
headlamp being adjusted to be seen on
the flat surface.
4. At the wall or other flat surface, measure
from the ground upward (A) to the recorded
distance from Step 3 and mark it.
5. Draw or tape a horizontal line (B) on the
wall or flat surface the width of the vehicle
at the height of the mark in Step 4.
443
7. Locate the vertical headlamp aiming screws,
which are under the hood near each headlamp
assembly.
The adjustment screw can be turned with
a E8 Torx® socket.
8. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the
headlamp beam is aimed to the horizontal
tape line. Turn it clockwise or counterclockwise
to raise or lower the angle of the beam.
444
9. Make sure that the light from the headlamp is
positioned at the bottom edge of the horizontal
tape line. The lamp on the left (A) shows
the correct headlamp aim. The lamp on the
right (B) shows the incorrect headlamp aim.
10. Repeat Steps 7 through 9 for the opposite
headlamp.
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulbs, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 447.
Back-Up Lamps
To replace this bulb,
do the following:
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in
this section, contact your dealer.
High Intensity Discharge (HID)
Lighting
{CAUTION:
The low beam high intensity discharge
lighting system operates at a very high
voltage. If you try to service any of the
system components, you could be
seriously injured. Have your dealer or
a qualified technician service them.
1. Open the liftgate. See Power Liftgate
on page 126 for more information.
Your vehicle has HID headlamps. After your
vehicle’s HID headlamp bulb has been replaced,
you may notice that the beam is a slightly different
shade than it was originally. This is normal.
445
2. Remove the two
screws from the
taillamp assembly.
5. Pull the old bulb straight out from the socket.
6. Press a new bulb into the socket, insert
the socket into the taillamp assembly and
turn the socket clockwise into the taillamp
assembly until it clicks.
7. Reinstall the taillamp assembly. When
reinstalling, make sure to line up the pins
on the taillamp assembly with the vehicle.
If you do not line up the pins correctly,
you will not be able install the taillamp
assembly properly.
3. Pull the taillamp assembly rearward until you
disengage the inner pins on the taillamp
assembly from the vehicle.
4. Press the release tab, if the bulb socket has
one, and turn the socket counterclockwise to
remove it from the taillamp assembly.
446
If you need to replace the taillamp, stoplamp,
or turn signal, you will need to see your dealer
for service.
License Plate Lamp
3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and
pull the bulb straight out of the socket.
4. Install the new bulb.
5. Reverse steps 1– 3 to reinstall the license
plate lamp.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Bulb Number
Back-up Lamp
7440
License Plate Lamp
W5W
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact
your dealer.
1. Remove the two screws holding each of the
license plate lamps to the molding that is part
of the liftgate.
2. Twist and pull the license plate lamp forward
through the molding opening.
447
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for
wear or cracking. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 517.
Replacement blades come in different types and
are removed in different ways. To replace the
wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm connector
away from the windshield.
448
2. Squeeze the grooved areas on each side of
the blade, and rotate the blade assembly
away from the arm connector.
Backglass Wiper Blade Replacement
3. Install the new blade onto the arm connector
and make sure the grooved areas are fully set
in the locked position.
For the proper type and size, see Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 529.
1. Lift the wiper blade assembly up and out
of the park rest position.
2. Pull the wiper blade assembly away from the
backglass. The backglass wiper blade will not
lock in a vertical position, so care should
be used when pulling it away from the vehicle.
3. Rotate the wiper blade assembly, and pull
it off of the wiper arm. Hold the wiper arm
in position and push the blade away from
the wiper arm.
4. Replace the wiper blade.
5. Return the wiper blade assembly to the
park rest position.
449
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires
made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever
have questions about your tire warranty and
where to obtain service, see your GM Warranty
booklet for details. For additional information refer
to the tire manufacturer’s booklet included with
your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
• Poorly maintained and improperly
used tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and
a serious accident. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 366.
CAUTION:
450
(Continued)
(Continued)
• Underinflated tires pose the same
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause serious
injury. Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended pressure.
Tire pressure should be checked when
your tires are cold.
• Overinflated tires are more likely to
be cut, punctured, or broken by a
sudden impact — such as when
you hit a pothole. Keep tires at the
recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or if
your tires have been damaged,
replace them.
See High-Speed Operation on page 458
for inflation pressure adjustment for
high speed driving.
22-Inch Tires
If your vehicle has the optional 22-inch
P285/45R22 size tires, they are classified as
touring tires and are designed for on road use.
The low-profile, wide tread design is not
recommended for off-road driving. See Off-Road
Driving on page 334, for additional information.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into
the sidewall. The following illustration is an
example of a typical P-Metric tire sidewall.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type, and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
451
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation):
The Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows
the manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is
molded onto both sides of the tire, although only
one side may have the date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG):
Tire manufacturers are required to grade
tires based on three performance factors:
treadwear, traction, and temperature resistance.
For more information, see Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 468.
452
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
For information on recommended tire pressure
see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 456
and Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
Tire Size
The following examples show the different parts
of a tire size.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter P
as the first character in the tire size means a
passenger vehicle tire engineered to standards
set by the U.S. Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates
the tire section width in millimeters from sidewall
to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that
indicates the tire height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size aspect ratio is 75,
as shown in item C of the light truck (LT-Metric)
tire illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall
is 75% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used
to indicate the type of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply construction; the
letter D means diagonal or bias ply construction;
and the letter B means belted-bias ply
construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a
tire. The load index can range from 1 to 279.
Speed ratings range from A to Z.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire
pressing outward on each square inch of the
tire. Air pressure is expressed in pounds
per square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined
weight of optional accessories. Some examples of
optional accessories are, automatic transmission,
power steering, power brakes, power windows,
power seats, and air conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height
to its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is
located between the plies and the tread. Cords
may be made from steel or other reinforcing
materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies
are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees
to the centerline of the tread.
453
Cold Tire Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi)
or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up
heat from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 456.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil, and
coolant, but without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall
of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN),
an alphanumeric designator which can also identify
the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand,
and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
front axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
454
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear
axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of
an asymmetrical tire, that must always face
outward when mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
light duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger
vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying
capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum
air pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated.
The maximum air pressure is molded onto the
sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a
tire at the maximum permissible inflation pressure
for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity
weight, and production options weight.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the
ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at
90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of
occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 366.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which
the tire beads are seated.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating
positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that
faces outward when mounted on a vehicle.
The side of the tire that contains a whitewall,
bears white lettering, or bears manufacturer,
brand, and/or model name molding that is higher
or deeper than the same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks
and multipurpose vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation
pressure as shown on the tire placard. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 456 and
Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread
and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned
to a tire indicating the maximum speed at
which a tire can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the
road surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into
contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called wear bars, that show across the tread of
a tire when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread
remains. See When It Is Time for New Tires
on page 465.
455
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Standards): A tire information system that
provides consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and treadwear. Ratings
are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings
are molded into the sidewall of the tire. See
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 468.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of
designated seating positions multiplied by
150 lbs (68 kg) plus the rated cargo load.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on
an individual tire due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached
to a vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity
weight and the original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation pressure. See
“Tire and Loading Information Label” under
Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
456
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to
operate effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right.
It is not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under-inflation), you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road hazards
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached
to the vehicle’s center pillar (B-pillar), below
the driver’s door lock post (striker). This label
lists your vehicle’s original equipment tires
and their recommended cold tire inflation
pressures. The recommended cold tire inflation
pressure, shown on the label, is the minimum
amount of air pressure needed to support
your vehicle’s maximum load carrying capacity.
For additional information regarding how much
weight your vehicle can carry, and an example
of the tire and loading information label, see
Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Do not forget to check the spare tire.
For additional information regarding the
spare tire, see Spare Tire on page 492.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check
tire pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are
properly inflated simply by looking at them.
Radial tires may look properly inflated even
when they’re underinflated. Check the tire’s
inflation pressure when the tires are cold.
Cold means your vehicle has been sitting for
at least three hours or driven no more than
1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to
get a pressure measurement. If the cold tire
inflation pressure matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and Loading Information
label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the inflation pressure is low, add air until you
reach the recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on
the metal stem in the center of the tire valve.
Recheck the tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out
dirt and moisture.
457
High-Speed Operation
{CAUTION:
Driving at high speeds, 100 mph (160 km/h)
or higher, puts an additional strain on
tires. Sustained high-speed driving causes
excessive heat build up and can cause
sudden tire failure. You could have a
crash and you or others could be killed.
Some high-speed rated tires require
inflation pressure adjustment for high
speed operation. When speed limits and
road conditions are such that a vehicle can
be driven at high speeds, make sure the
tires are rated for high speed operation,
in excellent condition, and set to the
correct cold tire inflation pressure for
the vehicle load.
458
If your vehicle has P265/65R18 or P285/45R22 size
tires and you will be driving at high speeds, speeds
of 100 mph (160 km/h) or higher, set the cold
inflation pressure to 3 psi (20 kPa) above the
recommended tire pressure shown on the Tire and
Loading Information Label. When you end this
high-speed driving, return the tires to the cold
inflation pressure shown on the Tire and Loading
Information label. See Loading Your Vehicle on
page 366 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 456.
Tire Pressure Monitor System
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) uses
radio and sensor technology to check tire pressure
levels. If your vehicle has this feature, sensors
are mounted on each tire and wheel assembly,
except the spare tire. The TPMS sensors monitor
the air pressure in your vehicle’s tires and transmit
tire pressure readings to a receiver located in
the vehicle.
The TPMS is designed to alert the driver, if a low
tire pressure condition exists. If your vehicle has
the Driver Information Center (DIC), the driver may
also check tire pressure levels using the DIC.
When a low tire pressure condition is detected,
the TPMS will illuminate the low tire pressure
warning symbol located on the instrument panel
cluster. If your vehicle has the DIC feature, a
message to check the pressure in a specific tire
will also appear on the DIC display. The low tire
pressure warning symbol on the instrument panel
cluster and the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning
message on the DIC display will appear at each
ignition cycle until the tires are inflated to the correct
inflation pressure. For additional information and
details about the DIC operation and displays see
DIC Operation and Displays on page 240 and
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 245.
You may notice, during cooler weather conditions,
that the tire pressure monitor light, located on
the instrument panel cluster, and the CHECK
TIRE PRESSURE message will appear when the
vehicle is first started and then turn off as you
start to drive the vehicle. This could be an early
indicator that the tire pressures are getting low
and need to be inflated to the proper pressure.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided),
should be checked monthly when cold and
inflated to the inflation pressure recommended
by the vehicle manufacturer on the vehicle
placard or tire inflation pressure label. (If your
vehicle has tires of a different size than the size
indicated on the vehicle placard or tire inflation
pressure label, you should determine the proper
tire inflation pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety
feature, your vehicle has
been equipped with a
tire pressure monitoring
system (TPMS) that
illuminates a low tire
pressure telltale when
one or more of your
tires is significantly
under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure
telltale illuminates, you should stop and check
your tires as soon as possible, and inflate
them to the proper pressure. Driving on a
significantly under-inflated tire causes the
tire to overheat and can lead to tire failure.
459
Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire
tread life, and may affect the vehicle’s handling
and stopping ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for
proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even
if under-inflation has not reached the level to trigger
illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the system
is not operating properly. The TPMS malfunction
indicator is combined with the low tire pressure
telltale. When the system detects a malfunction,
the telltale will flash for approximately one minute
and then remain continuously illuminated. This
sequence will continue upon subsequent vehicle
start-ups as long as the malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated,
the system may not be able to detect or
signal low tire pressure as intended. TPMS
malfunctions may occur for a variety of reasons,
including the installation of replacement or
alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that
prevent the TPMS from functioning properly.
460
Always check the TPMS malfunction telltale after
replacing one or more tires or wheels on your
vehicle to ensure that the replacement or alternate
tires and wheels allow the TPMS to continue to
function properly.
The CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning message
and low tire pressure light (telltale) will come
on each time the vehicle is started until the tires
are inflated to the correct inflation pressure.
The Tire and Loading Information label (tire
information placard) shows the size of your
vehicle’s original tires and the correct inflation
pressure for your vehicle’s tires when they are
cold. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 456.
For the location of the tire and loading information
label, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
Your vehicle’s TPMS can alert you about a low
tire pressure condition but it does not replace
normal tire maintenance. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 463 and Tires on page 450.
Notice: Do not use a tire sealant if your
vehicle has Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid
sealant can damage the tire pressure monitor
sensors.
Resetting the TPMS Identification Codes
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification
code. Any time you rotate your vehicle’s tires
or replace one or more of the TPMS sensors,
the identification codes will need to be matched
to the new tire/wheel position. The sensors
are matched to the tire/wheel positions in the
following order: driver’s side front tire, passengers
side front tire, passengers side rear tire, and
driver’s side rear tire using a TPMS diagnostic
tool. See your GM dealer for service.
The TPMS sensors may also be matched to each
tire/wheel position by increasing or decreasing
the tire’s air pressure. If increasing the tire’s
air pressure, do not exceed the maximum inflation
pressure indicated on the tire’s sidewall.
You will have two minutes to match the first tire/
wheel position, and five minutes overall to match
all four tire/wheel positions. If it takes longer
than two minutes, to match the first tire and wheel,
or more than five minutes to match all four tire
and wheel positions the matching process stops
and you will need to start over.
The TPMS sensor matching process is
outlined below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to RUN with the
engine off.
3. Using the DIC, press the vehicle information
button until the PRESS V TO RELEARN
TIRE POSITIONS message displays.
4. Press the set/reset button. The horn will
sound twice to indicate the TPMS receiver
is ready, and the TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
message will display.
5. Start with the driver’s side front tire.
6. Remove the valve cap from the valve
cap stem. Activate the TPMS sensor by
increasing or decreasing the tire’s air
pressure for five seconds, or until a horn
chirp sounds. The horn chirp, which make
take up to 30 seconds to sound, confirms
that the sensor identification code has been
matched to this tire and wheel position.
To decrease air-pressure out of a tire you
can use the pointed end of the valve cap,
a pencil-style air pressure gage, or a key.
461
7. Proceed to the passenger’s side front tire,
and repeat the procedure in Step 6.
8. Proceed to the passenger’s side rear tire,
and repeat the procedure in Step 6.
9. Proceed to the driver’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
10. After hearing the confirming horn chirp for
the driver’s side rear tire, the horn chirp
will sound two more times to signal the
tire learning mode is no longer active.
Turn the ignition switch to LOCK.
11. Set all four tires to the recommended
air pressure level as indicated on the Tire
and Loading Information label.
12. Put the valve caps back on the valve stems
The spare tire does not have a TPMS sensor.
If you replace one of the road tires with the spare,
the SERVICE TIRE MONITOR message will be
displayed on the DIC screen. This message should
go off once you re-install the road tire containing
the TPMS sensor.
Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) and Industry
and Science Canada
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies
with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies
with RSS-210 of Industry and Science Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by
other than an authorized service facility could
void authorization to use this equipment.
462
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your
tires as soon as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels.
See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 465
and Wheel Replacement on page 470 for
more information.
Make sure the spare tire is stored securely.
Push, pull, and then try to rotate or turn the tire.
If it moves, use the ratchet/wheel wrench to tighten
the cable. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 473.
When rotating your vehicle’s tires, always use
the correct rotation pattern shown here.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve
more uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle.
The first rotation is the most important.
See Scheduled Maintenance on page 517.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the
front and rear inflation pressures as shown on
the tire and loading information label. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 366 and Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 456, for more information.
Do not include the spare tire in the tire rotation.
463
Vehicles that have the Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) will need to have the TPMS
sensors reset after a tire rotation. See “TPMS
Sensor Identification Codes” under Tire Pressure
Monitor System on page 458.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 512.
464
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts
to which it is fastened, can make wheel
nuts become loose after a time. The wheel
could come off and cause an accident.
When you change a wheel, remove any
rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency,
you can use a cloth or a paper towel to
do this; but be sure to use a scraper or
wire brush later, if needed, to get all the
rust or dirt off. See Changing a Flat Tire
on page 473.
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it
is time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
Some commercial truck
tires may not have
treadwear indicators.
You need a new tire if any of the following
statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more
places around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through
the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or
snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage
that cannot be repaired well because of the
size or location of the damage.
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched specific tires
for your vehicle. The original equipment tires
installed on your vehicle, when it was new,
were designed to meet General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria Specification (TPC spec)
system rating. If you need replacement tires,
GM strongly recommends that you get tires with
the same TPC Spec rating. This way, your vehicle
will continue to have tires that are designed to
give the same performance and vehicle safety,
during normal use, as the original tires.
GM’s exclusive TPC Spec system considers over
a dozen critical specifications that impact the
overall performance of your vehicle, including
brake system performance, ride and handling,
traction control, and tire pressure monitoring
performance. GM’s TPC Spec number is molded
onto the tire’s sidewall by the tire manufacturer.
465
If the tires have an all-season tread design,
the TPC spec number will be followed by an
MS for mud and snow. See Tire Sidewall
Labeling on page 451 for additional information.
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
control while driving. If you mix tires of
different sizes, brands, or types (radial
and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a
crash. Using tires of different sizes,
brands or types may also cause damage
to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size, brand, and type tires on all wheels.
CAUTION:
466
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Your vehicle may have a different size
spare than the road tires (those originally
installed on your vehicle). When new, your
vehicle included a spare tire and wheel
assembly with a similar overall diameter
as your vehicle’s road tires and wheels,
so it is all right to drive on it. Because
this spare was developed for use on your
vehicle, it will not affect vehicle handling.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle,
the wheel rim flanges could develop
cracks after many miles of driving.
A tire and/or wheel could fail suddenly,
causing a crash. Use only radial-ply tires
with the wheels on your vehicle.
If you must replace your vehicle’s tires with those
that do not have a TPC Spec number, make sure
they are the same size, load range, speed rating,
and construction type (radial and bias-belted tires)
as your vehicle’s original tires.
Vehicles that have a tire pressure monitoring
system may give an inaccurate low-pressure
warning if non-TPC spec rated tires are installed
on your vehicle. Non-TPC Spec rated tires may
give a low-pressure warning that is higher or lower
than the proper warning level you would get with
TPC Spec rated tires. See Tire Pressure Monitor
System on page 458.
Your vehicle’s original equipment tires are listed
on the Tire and Loading Information Label.
This label is attached to the vehicle’s center pillar
(B-pillar). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 366,
for more information about the Tire and Loading
Information Label and its location on your vehicle.
Different Size Tires and Wheels
If you add wheels or tires that are a different
size than your original equipment wheels
and tires, this may affect the way your vehicle
performs, including its braking, ride and handling
characteristics, stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic systems
such as, anti-lock brakes, traction control, and
electronic stability control, the performance of these
systems can be affected.
{CAUTION:
If you add different sized wheels, your
vehicle may not provide an acceptable
level of performance and safety if tires
not recommended for those wheels are
selected. You may increase the chance
that you will crash and suffer serious
injury. Only use GM specific wheel and
tire systems developed for your vehicle,
and have them properly installed by a
GM certified technician.
See Buying New Tires on page 465 and
Accessories and Modifications on page 393
for additional information.
467
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable
on the tire sidewall between tread shoulder
and maximum section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based
on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government
test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would
wear one and a half (1.5) times as well on the
government course as a tire graded 100. The
relative performance of tires depends upon the
actual conditions of their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices, and differences
in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
which grades tires by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This applies only
to vehicles sold in the United States. The grades
are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
(UTQG) system does not apply to deep tread,
winter-type snow tires, space-saver, or temporary
use spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters
of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors
passenger cars and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they must also conform
to federal safety requirements and additional
General Motors Tire Performance Criteria (TPC)
standards.
468
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are
AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under
controlled conditions on specified government test
surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this
tire is based on straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest),
B, and C, representing the tire’s resistance to
the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate
heat when tested under controlled conditions
on a specified indoor laboratory test wheel.
Sustained high temperature can cause the material
of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent
higher levels of performance on the laboratory
test wheel than the minimum required by law.
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were
aligned and balanced carefully at the factory to
give you the longest tire life and best overall
performance. Adjustments to wheel alignment
and tire balancing will not be necessary on
a regular basis. However, if you notice unusual
tire wear or your vehicle pulling to one side or the
other, the alignment may need to be checked.
If you notice your vehicle vibrating when driving
on a smooth road, your tires and wheels may
need to be rebalanced. See your dealer for
proper diagnosis.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire
is established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
469
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or
badly rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep
coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks
air, replace it (except some aluminum wheels,
which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset
and be mounted the same way as the one
it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them only
with new GM original equipment parts. This way,
you will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle
can be dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your vehicle,
make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision
in which you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer or odometer calibration,
headlamp aim, bumper height, vehicle ground
clearance, and tire or tire chain clearance
to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 473 for more
information.
470
Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You cannot know how it has
been used or how far it has been driven.
It could fail suddenly and cause a crash.
If you have to replace a wheel, use a new
GM original equipment wheel.
Do not use tire chains. There is not
enough clearance. Tire chains used on
a vehicle without the proper amount of
clearance can cause damage to the
brakes, suspension, or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire
chains could cause you to lose control
of your vehicle and you or others may be
injured in a crash. Use another type of
traction device only if its manufacturer
recommends it for use on your vehicle
and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to
your vehicle, drive slowly, re-adjust or
remove the device if it is contacting your
vehicle, and do not spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will
fit, install them on the rear tires.
471
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are
driving, especially if you maintain your vehicle’s
tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it is
much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you
should ever have a blowout, here are a few tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag
that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take
your foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane
position, and then gently brake to a stop well
out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a skid and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear blowout
remove your foot from the accelerator pedal.
Get the vehicle under control by steering the
way you want the vehicle to go. It may be very
bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
472
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to
do maintenance or repairs is dangerous
without the appropriate safety equipment
and training. The jack provided with your
vehicle is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything else, you
or others could be badly injured or killed
if the vehicle slips off the jack. Use the
jack provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use
the jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel
damage by driving slowly to a level place.
Turn on your vehicle’s hazard warning flashers.
See Hazard Warning Flashers on page 186
for more information.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over
or fall on you or other people. You and
they could be badly injured or even killed.
Find a level place to change your tire.
To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain
in the vehicle.
To be even more certain the vehicle will
not move, you should put blocks at the
front and rear of the tire farthest away
from the one being changed. That would
be the tire, on the other side, at the
opposite end of the vehicle.
473
When your vehicle has a flat tire, use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you will need to change a flat tire
is stored under the storage tray, which is located
on the driver’s side trim panel (over the rear
wheelhouse).
The following information will tell you next how to
use the jack and change a tire.
Regular Wheelbase shown,
Extended Wheelbase similar.
1. Remove the tray to access the tools by
pulling up on the finger depression under
the jack symbol.
474
2. Remove the wing nut (B) used to retain the
tool bag by turning it counterclockwise.
3. Turn the knob (A) on the jack
counterclockwise to release the jack and
wheel blocks from the bracket.
The tools you will be using include the following:
A. Jack
B. Wheel Blocks
C. Jack Handle
D. Jack Handle
Extensions
E. Wheel Wrench
4. Remove the wheel blocks and the wheel
block retainer by turning the wing nut (C)
counterclockwise.
475
To access the spare tire, refer to the following
graphics and instructions:
1. To access the spare tire hoist cover, you will
first need to remove the hitch cover. Remove it
by turning the two fasteners located at the
bottom of the cover counterclockwise and then
pull the cover down and rotate towards you.
2. Open the hoist shaft access cover (C) on the
bumper to access the spare tire lock (K).
A. Hoist Assembly
B. Hoist Shaft
C. Hoist Shaft Access
Cover/Hole
D. Jack Handle
Extensions
E. Wheel Wrench
F. Hoist Cable
476
G. Tire Retainer
H. Spare Tire (Valve
Stem Pointed Down)
I. Hoist Shaft
Access Hole
J. Hoist End of
Extension Tool
K. Spare Tire Lock
3. Insert the ignition key, turn it clockwise and
then pull it to remove the spare tire lock.
4. Assemble the two jack handle extensions (D)
and wheel wrench (E) as shown.
5. Insert the open
end of the
extension (J)
through the hole in
the rear bumper (I)
(hoist shaft
access hole).
Be sure the hoist end (J) of the extension (D)
connects to the hoist shaft (B). The ribbed
square end of the extension is used to lower
the spare tire.
6. Turn the wheel wrench (E) counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire (H) to the ground. Continue
to turn the wheel wrench until the spare tire
can be pulled out from under the vehicle.
If the spare tire does not lower to the ground,
the secondary latch is engaged causing
the tire not to lower. See Secondary Latch
System on page 484 for more information.
7. Use the wheel
wrench hook that
allows you to
pull the hoist cable
towards you, to
assist in reaching
the spare tire.
8. Tilt the tire
retainer (G) at
the end of the
cable when the
tire has been
lowered, so it
can be pulled
up through the
wheel opening.
9. Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
477
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
Use the following pictures and instructions to
remove the flat tire and raise the vehicle.
1. Loosen the plastic nut caps on the bolt-on
wheel cover by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. If needed, finish loosening
them by hand. The nut caps will not come off.
2. Using the flat end of the wheel wrench, pry
along the edge of the cover until it comes off.
3. Use the wheel wrench to loosen all the wheel
nuts. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise
to loosen the wheel nuts. Do not remove
the wheel nuts yet.
478
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked
up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off
the jack you could be badly injured or
killed. Never get under a vehicle when it
is supported only by a jack.
{CAUTION:
Jacking Locations (Overall View)
A. Front Position
B. Rear Position
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned can damage the
vehicle and even make the vehicle fall.
To help avoid personal injury and vehicle
damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
4. Position the jack under the vehicle as shown.
479
Front Tire Flat: If the flat tire is on a front
tire of the vehicle, you will need to use the
jack handle and only one jack handle
extension. Attach the wheel wrench to the jack
handle extension. Attach the jack handle to
the jack. Position the jack (A) on the frame
behind the flat tire where the frame sections
overlap. Turn the wheel wrench clockwise
to raise the vehicle. Raise the vehicle
far enough off the ground so there is enough
room for the spare tire to clear the ground.
Front Position
480
Rear Tire Flat: If the flat tire is on a rear tire
of the vehicle, you will need to use the jack
handle (B) and both jack handle extensions (C).
Attach the wheel wrench (D) to the jack handle
extensions (C). Attach the jack handle (B) to
the jack (A). Use the jacking pad provided on
the rear axle. Turn the wheel wrench (D)
clockwise to raise the vehicle. Raise the vehicle
far enough off the ground so there is enough
room for the spare tire to clear the ground.
5. Remove all of the
wheel nuts.
Rear Position
6. Take off the flat tire.
481
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts
to which it is fastened, can make the
wheel nuts become loose after a time.
The wheel could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if needed,
to get all the rust or dirt off.
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could fall off, causing a
serious accident.
7. Remove any rust
or dirt from the
wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces,
and spare wheel.
482
8. Put the wheel nuts back on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward the wheel after
mounting the spare tire.
9. Tighten each wheel nut by hand. Then use
the wheel wrench to tighten the nuts until the
wheel is held against the hub.
10. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
lower the vehicle. Lower the jack completely.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel
to come loose and even come off. This
could lead to an accident. Be sure to use
the correct wheel nuts. If you have to
replace them, be sure to get new GM
original equipment wheel nuts. Stop
somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench
to the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 512
for wheel nut torque specification.
11. Tighten the
nuts firmly in a
crisscross sequence
as shown by
turning the wheel
wrench clockwise.
When you reinstall the regular wheel and tire,
you must also reinstall the bolt-on hub cap.
Align the plastic nut caps with the wheel nuts
and then tighten by hand. Then use the wheel
wrench to tighten.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly
tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence
and to the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 512
for the wheel nut torque specification.
483
Secondary Latch System
Your vehicle has an underbody-mounted tire hoist
assembly which has a secondary latch system.
It is designed to stop the spare tire from suddenly
falling off your vehicle. For the secondary latch
to work, the spare tire must be installed with
the valve stem pointing down. See Storing a
Flat or Spare Tire and Tools on page 488.
{CAUTION:
Before beginning this procedure read all
the instructions. Failure to read and follow
the instructions could damage the hoist
assembly and you and others could get
hurt. Read and follow the instructions
listed below.
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch,
do the following:
1. Check under the
vehicle to see if the
cable end is visible.
If the cable is not
visible, proceed
to Step 6.
484
2. If it is visible, first try to tighten the cable
by turning the wheel wrench clockwise
until you hear two clicks or feel it skip twice.
You cannot overtighten the cable.
3. Loosen the cable by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise three or four turns.
4. Repeat this procedure at least two times.
If the spare tire lowers to the ground,
continue with Step 5 of Removing the Spare
Tire and Tools on page 474.
7. Place the bottom
edge of the jack (A)
on the wheel
blocks (B),
separating them so
that the jack is
balanced securely.
5. If the spare tire does not lower, turn the wheel
wrench counterclockwise until approximately
6 inches (15 cm) of cable is exposed.
6. Stand the wheel blocks on their shortest ends,
with the backs facing each other.
485
8. Attach the jack handle, extension, and wheel
wrench to the jack and place it (with the
wheel blocks) under the vehicle toward the
front of the rear bumper.
486
9. Position the center lift point of the jack under
the center of the spare tire.
10. Turn the wheel wrench clockwise to raise the
jack until it lifts the end fitting.
11. Continue raising the jack until the spare tire
stops moving upward and is held firmly in
place so that the secondary latch has released
and the spare tire is balancing on the jack.
12. Lower the jack by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack
until the spare tire slides off the jack or
is hanging by the cable.
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack.
If the spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind
you or on either side of you as you pull
the jack out from under the spare.
13. Disconnect the jack handle from the jack and
carefully remove the jack with the other hand.
14. Use one hand to push against the spare while
firmly pulling the jack out from under the
spare tire with the other hand. If the spare tire
is hanging from the cable, insert the hoist
end of the extension and wheel wrench into
the hoist shaft hole in the bumper and turn
the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire the rest of the way.
15. Tilt the tire retainer at
the end of the cable
and pull it through
the wheel opening.
Pull the tire out from
under the vehicle.
16. Turn the wheel wrench in the hoist shaft hole
in the bumper clockwise to raise the cable
back up if the cable is hanging under
the vehicle.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as
you can. You will not be able to store a spare
or flat tire using the hoist assembly until it
has been replaced.
To continue changing the flat tire, see Removing
the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire on
page 478.
487
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire
and Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment
in the passenger compartment of the
vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden
stop or collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all these in the
proper place.
Notice: Storing an aluminum wheel with a flat
tire under your vehicle for an extended period
of time or with the valve stem pointing up may
damage the wheel. Always stow the wheel with
the valve stem pointing down and have the
wheel/tire repaired as soon as possible.
Store the tire under the rear of the vehicle in the
spare tire carrier. Refer to the following graphics
and instructions to help you:
488
A. Hoist Assembly
B. Hoist Shaft
C. Hoist Shaft Access
Cover/Hole
D. Jack Handle
Extensions
E. Wheel Wrench
F. Hoist Cable
G. Tire Retainer
H. Spare Tire/Flat Tire
(Valve Stem
Pointed Down)
I. Hoist Shaft
Access Hole
J. Hoist End of
Extension Tool
K. Spare Tire Lock
1. Put the tire (H) on the ground at the rear of the
vehicle with the valve stem pointed down and
to the rear.
2. Tilt the tire
retainer (G)
downward and
through the
wheel opening.
Make sure the
retainer is fully
seated across
the underside
of the wheel.
4. Insert the open end
of the extension (J)
through the hole
in the rear
bumper (I) (hoist
shaft access hole).
5. Raise the tire part way upward. Make sure the
retainer is seated in the wheel opening.
6. Raise the tire fully against the underside of
the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise until you hear two clicks or feel it
skip twice. You cannot overtighten the cable.
3. Assemble the two jack handle extensions (D)
and wheel wrench (E) as shown.
489
To store the tools, do the following.
7. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push,
pull (A), and then try to turn (B) the tire. If the
tire moves, use the wheel wrench to tighten
the cable.
8. Reinstall the spare tire lock.
9. Reinstall the hoist shaft access cover.
10. Reinstall the hitch cover.
A. Wheel Blocks
B. Tool Bag with
Jack Tools
C. Retaining Bracket
D. Wing Nut Retaining
Tool Bag
E. Jack
F. Wing Nut
Retaining Wheel
Blocks
G. Wing Nut on Jack
1. Return the tools (wheel wrench, jack handle,
and jack handle extensions) to the tool bag (B).
490
2. Assemble wheel blocks (A) and jack (E)
together with the wing nut (F).
3. Position the jack (E) and wheel blocks (A)
in the driver’s side trim panel over the
wheelhouse.
4. Turn the wing nut (G) clockwise until the
jack is secured tight in the mounting
bracket. Be sure to position the holes in
the base of the jack onto the pin in the
mounting bracket.
5. Use the retaining bracket (C) to fasten the
tool bag (B) on the stud and turn the wing
nut (D) clockwise to secure.
Regular Wheelbase shown,
Extended Wheelbase similar.
6. Return the storage tray to its original stored
position.
491
Spare Tire
Your vehicle, when new, had a fully-inflated spare
tire. A spare tire may lose air over time, so check
its inflation pressure regularly. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 456 and Loading Your Vehicle
on page 366 for information regarding proper tire
inflation and loading your vehicle. For instruction
on how to remove, install, or store a spare tire, see
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire
on page 478 and Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and
Tools on page 488.
After installing the spare tire on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possible and make
sure the spare is correctly inflated. Have the
damaged or flat road tire repaired or replaced as
soon as you can and installed back onto your
vehicle. This way, a spare tire will be available
in case you need it again.
Your vehicle may have a different size spare
tire than the road tires, those originally installed
on your vehicle. This spare tire was developed
for use on your vehicle, so it is all right to
drive on it.
492
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Your vehicle’s interior will continue to look its
best if it is cleaned often. Although not always
visible, dust and dirt can accumulate on your
upholstery. Dirt can damage carpet, fabric, leather,
and plastic surfaces. Regular vacuuming is
recommended to remove particles from your
upholstery. It is important to keep your upholstery
from becoming and remaining heavily soiled.
Soils should be removed as quickly as possible.
Your vehicle’s interior may experience extremes of
heat that could cause stains to set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require more
frequent cleaning. Use care because newspapers
and garments that transfer color to your home
furnishings may also transfer color to your
vehicle’s interior.
When cleaning your vehicle’s interior, only use
cleaners specifically designed for the surfaces
being cleaned. Permanent damage may result from
using cleaners on surfaces for which they were
not intended. Use glass cleaner only on glass.
Remove any accidental over-spray from other
surfaces immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the cleaning cloth.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you
could scratch the glass and/or cause damage
to the integrated radio antenna and the rear
window defogger. When cleaning the glass on
your vehicle, use only a soft cloth and glass
cleaner.
Many cleaners contain solvents that may
become concentrated in your vehicle’s breathing
space. Before using cleaners, read and adhere
to all safety instructions on the label. While
cleaning your vehicle’s interior, maintain adequate
ventilation by opening your vehicle’s doors and
windows.
Dust may be removed from small buttons and
knobs using a small brush with soft bristles.
Your GM dealer has a product for cleaning your
vehicle’s glass. Should it become necessary,
you can also obtain a product from your GM dealer
to remove odors from your vehicle’s upholstery.
Do not clean your vehicle using the following
cleaners or techniques:
• Never use a knife or any other sharp object
to remove a soil from any interior surface.
• Never use a stiff brush. It can cause damage
to your vehicle’s interior surfaces.
• Never apply heavy pressure or rub
aggressively with a cleaning cloth. Use of
heavy pressure can damage your interior and
does not improve the effectiveness of soil
removal.
• Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps. Avoid
laundry detergents or dishwashing soaps with
degreasers. Using too much soap will leave
a residue that leaves streaks and attracts dirt.
For liquid cleaners, about 20 drops per
gallon (3.78 L) of water is a good guide.
• Do not heavily saturate your upholstery while
cleaning.
• Damage to your vehicle’s interior may result
from the use of many organic solvents such
as naptha, alcohol, etc.
493
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush
attachment frequently to remove dust and loose
dirt. A canister vacuum with a beater bar in
the nozzle may only be used on floor carpet and
carpeted floor mats. For soils, always try to remove
them first with plain water or club soda. Before
cleaning, gently remove as much of the soil
as possible using one of the following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the remaining soil
with a paper towel. Allow the soil to absorb
into the paper towel until no more can
be removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as much as
possible and then vacuum.
To clean, use the following instructions:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white cloth with
water or club soda.
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess moisture.
494
3. Start on the outside edge of the soil and
gently rub toward the center. Continue
cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth each
time it becomes soiled.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled area until the
cleaning cloth remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely removed, use a
mild soap solution and repeat the cleaning
process that was used with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a commercial fabric
cleaner or spot lifter may be necessary. When a
commercial upholstery cleaner or spot lifter is to be
used, test a small hidden area for colorfastness
first. If the locally cleaned area gives any
impression that a ring formation may result,
clean the entire surface.
After the cleaning process has been completed,
a paper towel can be used to blot excess moisture
from the fabric or carpet.
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used
to remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning
is necessary, a soft cloth dampened with a mild
soap solution can be used. Allow the leather to
dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry. Never
use steam to clean leather. Never use spot lifters
or spot removers on leather. Many commercial
leather cleaners and coatings that are sold
to preserve and protect leather may permanently
change the appearance and feel of your leather
and are not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner. Never use
shoe polish on your leather.
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and
Other Plastic Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used
to remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning
is necessary, a clean soft cloth dampened with
a mild soap solution can be used to gently remove
dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters or removers
on plastic surfaces. Many commercial cleaners
and coatings that are sold to preserve and protect
soft plastic surfaces may permanently change
the appearance and feel of your interior and
are not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner.
Some commercial products may increase gloss
on your instrument panel. The increase in
gloss may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see
through the windshield under certain conditions.
495
Wood Panels
Weatherstrips
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy
water (use mild dish washing soap). Dry the
wood immediately with a clean cloth.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During
very cold, damp weather frequent application may
be required. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 527.
Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that
the speaker will not be damaged. Clean spots
with just water and mild soap.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you
do, it may severely weaken them. In a
crash, they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safety belts
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
496
Washing Your Vehicle
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention, and durability.
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm
or cold water.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of
the sun. Use a car washing soap. Do not use
strong soaps or chemical detergents. Be sure to
rinse the vehicle well, removing all soap residue
completely. GM-approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 501.
Do not use cleaning agents that are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives.
All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly
and not allowed to dry on the surface, or they could
stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean chamois or
an all-cotton towel to avoid surface scratches and
water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to
enter the vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish may damage it. Use only non-abrasive
waxes and polishes that are made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish on your vehicle.
The vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the
colored basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes
that are non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/
clearcoat paint finish.
Finish Care
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and
other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and
tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, etc., can damage the vehicle’s
finish if they remain on painted surfaces. Wash
the vehicle as soon as possible. If necessary, use
non-abrasive cleaners that are marked safe for
painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of the vehicle
by hand may be necessary to remove residue
from the paint finish. GM-approved cleaning
products can be obtained from your dealer. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 501.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging,
weather, and chemical fallout that can take their
toll over a period of years. To help keep the
paint finish looking new, keep the vehicle in
a garage or covered whenever possible.
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth
and a car washing soap to clean exterior lamps
and lenses. Follow instructions under Washing
Your Vehicle on page 496.
497
Windshield, Backglass, and
Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters
when running, wax, sap or other material may
be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a
full-strength glass cleaning liquid. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it
with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the
wiper blades and affect their performance.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a
cloth soaked in full-strength windshield washer
solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as
necessary; replace blades that look worn.
498
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
Your vehicle may be equipped with either
aluminum or chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean
towel. A wax may then be applied.
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or
cleaners that contain acid on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels, you could damage the
surface of the wheel(s). The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Use
only GM-approved cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the
painted surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong
soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive
cleaners, cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning
brushes on them because you could damage
the surface. Do not use chrome polish on
aluminum wheels.
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum
wheels could damage the wheels. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Use chrome polish on chrome wheels only.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels,
but avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and
buff off immediately after application.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through
an automatic car wash that has silicone
carbide tire cleaning brushes, you could
damage the aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels. The repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Never drive a vehicle equipped
with aluminum or chrome-plated wheels
through an automatic car wash that uses
silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic
car wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning
brushes. These brushes can also damage
the surface of these wheels.
Tires
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the
paint finish and/or tires. When applying a tire
dressing, always wipe off any overspray
from all painted surfaces on your vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair
shop applies anti-corrosion material to parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will
provide the corrosion protection while maintaining
the warranty.
499
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in
the finish should be repaired right away. Bare
metal will corrode quickly and may develop into
major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with
touch-up materials available from your GM dealer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your GM dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and
dust control can collect on the underbody. If these
are not removed, corrosion and rust can develop
on the underbody parts such as fuel lines,
frame, floor pan, and exhaust system even
though they have corrosion protection.
500
At least every spring, flush these materials
from the underbody with plain water. Clean
any areas where mud and debris can collect.
Dirt packed in close areas of the frame should
be loosened before being flushed. Your dealer
or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can
create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces on the
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy,
ring-shaped discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Usage
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Removes tar, road oil,
and asphalt.
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl.
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Chrome and Wire
Wheel Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
and wipe off.
Description
Usage
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches, and other light
surface contamination.
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Foaming Tire Shine
Low Gloss
Cleans, shines, and
protects in one step.
No wiping necessary.
Wash Wax Concentrate
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans
and lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Spot Lifter
Quickly removes
spots and stains from
carpets, vinyl, and
cloth upholstery.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
501
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle.
It appears on a plate in the front corner of the
instrument panel, on the driver’s side. You can
see it if you look through the windshield from
outside your vehicle. The VIN also appears on
the Certification/Tire and Service Parts labels
and the certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in the VIN is the engine
code. This code will help you identify your vehicle’s
engine, specifications, and replacement parts.
502
Service Parts Identification Label
You will find this label on the inside of the glove
box. It is very helpful if you ever need to order
parts. On this label, you will find the following:
• VIN
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special equipment
Do not remove this label from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer
first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Some add-on
electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to add anything electrical to your
vehicle, see Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 104.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an
internal circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor
overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper
will stop until the motor cools. If the overload is
caused by some electrical problem and not snow,
etc., be sure to get it fixed.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from short circuits by a combination of fuses,
circuit breakers and fusible thermal links.
This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused
by electrical problems.
Power Windows and Other
Power Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and
other power accessories. If the current load is
too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and
then closes after a cool down period, protecting
the circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse.
If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new
one of the identical size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and
don’t have a spare fuse, you can borrow
one that has the same amperage. Just pick some
feature of your vehicle that you can get along
without — like the radio or cigarette lighter — and
use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
503
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse block access door is
located on the driver’s outside edge of the
instrument panel.
504
Fuses
Usage
LT DR
Driver’s Side Power Window
Circuit Breaker
REAR SEAT
Rear Seats
AUX PWR2
Rear Cargo Area Power Outlets
SWC BKLT
Steering Wheel Controls Backlight
DDM
Driver Door Module
CTSY
Dome Lamps, Driver’s Side
Turn Signal
LT STOP TRN
Driver’s Side Turn Signal, Stoplamp
DIM
Instrument Panel Back Lighting
RT STOP TRN
Passenger’s Side Turn Signal,
Stoplamp
BCM
Body Control Module
UNLCK2
Power Door Lock 2 (Unlock Feature)
LCK2
Power Door Lock 2 (Lock Feature)
Fuses
Usage
STOP LAMPS
Stoplamps, Center-High Mounted
Stoplamp
REAR HVAC
Fuses
Usage
REAR WPR
Rear Wiper
Rear Climate Controls
COOLED
SEATS
Cooled Seats
PDM
Passenger Door Module, Universal
Home Remote System
DSM
Driver Seat Module, Remote
Keyless Entry System
AUX PWR
Accessory Power Outlets
IS LPS
Interior Lamps
UNLCK1
Power Door Lock 1 (Unlock Feature)
LT DR
Driver’s Door Harness Connection
OBS DET
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist,
Power Liftgate
BODY
Harness Connector
LCK1
Power Door Lock 1 (Lock Feature)
BODY
Harness Connector
Harness
Connector
Usage
505
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The center instrument panel fuse block is located
underneath the instrument panel, to the left of the
steering column.
Top View
Harness
Connector
Usage
BODY 2
Body Harness Connector 2
BODY 1
Body Harness Connector 1
BODY 3
Body Harness Connector 3
HEADLINER 3
Headliner Harness Connector 3
HEADLINER 2
Headliner Harness Connector 2
HEADLINER 1
Headliner Harness Connector 1
BRAKE
CLUTCH
Brake Clutch Harness Connector
Equipment Option Upfitter
SEO/UPFITTER Special
Harness Connector
506
Circuit Breaker
Usage
CB1
Passenger’s Side Power Window
Circuit Breaker
CB2
Passenger’s Seat Circuit Breaker
CB3
Driver’s Seat Circuit Breaker
CB4
Not Used
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block is located in the engine
compartment, on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
To access the fuse/relay block, push in on the tabs
on the end of the fuse/relay block cover and lift.
To remove fuses, hold the end of the fuse
between your thumb and index finger and pull
straight out.
507
Fuses
508
Usage
Fuses
Usage
1
Not Used
3
Left Trailer Stop/Turn Lamp
Electronic Stability Suspension
Control, Automatic Level Control
Exhaust
4
Engine Controls
2
Fuses
Usage
5
Engine Control Module,
Throttle Control
6
Right Trailer Stop/Turn Lamp
7
Front Washer
8
Oxygen Sensors
9
Fuses
Usage
19
Transmission Controls (Ignition)
20
Fuel Pump
21
Not Used
22
Rear Washer
Anti-lock Brakes System 2
23
Fuel Injectors, Ignition Coils
(Left Side)
10
Trailer Back-up Lamps
24
Trailer Park Lamps
11
Driver’s High Intensity
Discharge Lamp
25
Driver’s Side Park Lamps
26
Passenger’s Side Park Lamps
12
Engine Control Module (Battery)
27
Fog Lamps
13
Fuel Injectors, Ignition Coils
(Right Side)
28
Horn
14
Transmission Control Module
(Battery)
29
Passenger’s Side High-Beam
Headlamp Solenoid
15
Vehicle Back-up Lamps
30
Daytime Running Lamps
16
Passenger’s Side High Intensity
Discharge Lamp
31
Driver’s Side High-Beam Headlamp
Solenoid
17
Air Conditioning Compressor
32
Not Used
18
Oxygen Sensors
33
Sunroof
509
Fuses
Usage
34
Key Ignition System, Theft
Deterrent System
35
Windshield Wiper
36
SEO B2 Upfitter Usage (Battery)
37
Usage
46
Instrument Panel Cluster
47
Not Used
48
Heated Steering Wheel
Electric Adjustable Pedals
49
Auxiliary Climate Control (Ignition),
Compass-Temperature Mirror
38
Climate Controls (Battery)
50
Rear Defogger
39
Airbag System (Ignition)
51
Airbag System (Battery)
40
Amplifier
52
SEO B1 Upfitter Usage (Battery)
41
Audio System
53
42
Not Used
Cigarette Lighter, Auxiliary
Power Outlet
54
43
Miscellaneous (Ignition), Rear
Vision Camera (If Equipped),
Cooled Seats, Cruise Control
Automatic Level Control Compressor
Relay, SEO Upfitter Usage
55
Climate Controls (Ignition)
56
Engine Control Module, Secondary
Fuel Pump (Ignition)
44
Liftgate Release
®
45
510
Fuses
OnStar , Rear Seat Entertainment
Display
J-Case Fuses
Usage
Relays
Usage
60
Cooling Fan 1
FAN HI
Cooling Fan High Speed
61
Automatic Level Control Compressor
FAN LO
Cooling Fan Low Speed
62
Not Used
ENG EXH VLV
Not Used
63
Cooling Fan 2
FAN CNTRL
Cooling Fan Control
64
Anti-lock Brake System 1
HDLP LO/HID
Hi Intensity Discharge Headlamp
65
Starter
FOG LAMP
Front Fog Lamps
66
Stud 2 (Trailer Brakes)
A/C CMPRSR
Air Conditioning Compressor
67
Left Bussed Electrical Center 1
STRTR
Starter
68
Electric Running Boards
PWR/TRN
Powertrain
69
Heated Windshield Washer System
FUEL PMP
Fuel Pump
70
Not Used
PRK LAMP
Parking Lamps
71
Stud 1 (Trailer Connector
Battery Power)
REAR DEFOG
Rear Defogger
RUN/CRANK
Switched Power
72
Mid-Bussed Electrical Center 1
73
Climate Control Blower
74
Power Liftgate Module
75
Left Bussed Electrical Center 2
511
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 527 for more information.
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
Regular
2.5 lbs
1.13 kg
Extended
2.8 lbs
1.3 kg
Cooling System
17.6 qt
16.7 L
Engine Oil with Filter
6.0 qt†
5.7 L†
Air Conditioning Refrigerant
Fuel Tank
Regular
26.0 gal
98.4 L
Extended
31.5 gal
119.2 L
Transmission Fluid (Pan Removal and Replacement)
6.0 qt
5.7 L
Transfer Case Fluid
1.5 qt
1.4 L
140 lb ft
190 Y
Wheel Nut Torque
† Oil filter should be changed at every oil change. After refill, the level must be rechecked.
Add enough engine coolant so that the fluid is within the proper operating range.
Engine Specifications
Engine
6.2L V8
512
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
8
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule .................................514
Introduction ................................................514
Maintenance Requirements .........................514
Your Vehicle and the Environment .............514
Using the Maintenance Schedule ...............515
Scheduled Maintenance ..............................517
Additional Required Services ......................519
Maintenance Footnotes ..............................521
Owner Checks and Services ......................523
At Each Fuel Fill ........................................523
At Least Once a Month ..............................524
At Least Once a Year ................................524
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants .........527
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts ..................................529
Engine Drive Belt Routing ..........................530
Maintenance Record ...................................531
513
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level
and change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks,
inspections, replacement parts, and
recommended fluids and lubricants as
prescribed in this manual are necessary to
keep your vehicle in good working condition.
Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan?
The Plan supplements your new vehicle
warranties. See your Warranty and Owner
Assistance booklet or your dealer for details.
514
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to
keep your vehicle in good working condition, but
also helps the environment. All recommended
maintenance is important. Improper vehicle
maintenance can even affect the quality of the air
we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong
tire inflation can increase the level of emissions
from your vehicle. To help protect our environment,
and to keep your vehicle in good condition, be
sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do
not know exactly how you will drive it. You may
drive very short distances only a few times a week.
Or you may drive long distances all the time in
very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to
work, to do errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may
need more frequent checks and replacements.
So please read the following and note how
you drive. If you have any questions on how to
keep your vehicle in good condition, see your
GM Goodwrench® dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within
recommended limits. You will find these limits
on the Tire and Loading Information label.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 366.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within
legal driving limits.
• are driven off-road in the recommended
manner. See Off-Road Driving on page 334.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline
Octane on page 395.
515
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on
page 517 should be performed when indicated.
See Additional Required Services on page 519 and
Maintenance Footnotes on page 521 for further
information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a
vehicle can be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can be seriously injured.
Do your own maintenance work only if
you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, see your GM
Goodwrench® dealer to have a qualified
technician do the work. See Doing Your
Own Service Work on page 394.
516
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should have your
GM Goodwrench® dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench® dealer for
your service needs, you will know that GM-trained
and supported service technicians will perform
the work using genuine GM parts.
If you want to purchase service information, see
Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 553.
Owner Checks and Services on page 523 tells you
what should be checked, when to check it, and
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle
in good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids, and
lubricants to use are listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 527 and Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 529.
When your vehicle is serviced, make sure these
are used. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes on, it means that service is required for
your vehicle. Have your vehicle serviced as soon
as possible within the next 600 miles (1 000 km).
It is possible that, if you are driving under the
best conditions, the engine oil life system may
not indicate that vehicle service is necessary
for over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and
at this time the system must be reset. Your
GM Goodwrench® dealer has GM-trained service
technicians who will perform this work using
genuine GM parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset
accidentally, you must service your vehicle within
3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last service.
Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See Engine Oil Life System
on page 406 for information on the Engine Oil Life
System and resetting the system.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
appears, certain services, checks, and inspections
are required. Required services are described
in the following for “Maintenance I” and
“Maintenance II.” Generally, it is recommended
that your first service be Maintenance I, your
second service be Maintenance II, and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases,
Maintenance II may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes on
within 10 months since the vehicle was purchased
or Maintenance II was performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the
previous service performed was Maintenance I.
Always use Maintenance II whenever the message
comes on 10 months or more since the last
service or if the message has not come on at all
for one year.
517
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 403. Reset oil life system.
See Engine Oil Life System on page 406. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Lubricate chassis components. See footnote #.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter or change indicator (if equipped). If necessary,
replace filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 408. See footnote (k).
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 463 and “Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once a Month
on page 524.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid
as needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See Additional Required Services
on page 519.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Check transmission fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
Check transfer case fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
518
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated
miles (kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage
or leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Vehicles without a filter restriction
indicator: Replace engine air cleaner
filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
on page 408.
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (severe service).
See footnote (h).
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (normal service).
Change transfer case fluid.
See footnote (m).
•
•
•
•
519
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Inspect evaporative control system.
An Emission Control Service.
See footnotes † and (g).
Replace spark plugs and inspect spark
plug wires. An Emission Control
Service.
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
•
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
•
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
•
•
Engine cooling system service (or every
five years, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (l).
•
520
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that
the failure to perform this maintenance item will not
nullify the emission warranty or limit recall liability
prior to the completion of the vehicle’s useful life.
We, however, urge that all recommended
maintenance services be performed at the indicated
intervals and the maintenance be recorded.
# Lubricate the front suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, and parking brake
cable guides. Control arm ball joints are
maintenance-free.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for
proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for
surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose, or missing
parts, signs of wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect
power steering lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Visually check constant velocity joints, rubber
boots, and axle seals for leaks.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced
if they are cracked, swollen, or deteriorated.
Inspect all pipes, fittings, and clamps; replace with
genuine GM parts as needed. To help ensure
proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap and cleaning the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or
cracking. Replace wiper blades that appear worn
or damaged or that streak or miss areas of
the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all
your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, and
anchorages are working properly. Look for
any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced. Also
look for any opened or broken airbag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
521
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch
assembly, secondary latch, pivots, spring anchor,
release pawl, rear compartment hinges, outer
tailgate handle pivot points, latch bolt, fuel door
hinge, and folding seat hardware. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposed to
a corrosive environment. Applying silicone grease
on weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make
them last longer, seal better, and not stick
or squeak.
(i) Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This
service can be complex; you should have
your dealer perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 415 for what to use. Inspect
hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and filler neck. Pressure test the cooling
system and pressure cap.
(g) Inspect system. Check all fuel and vapor lines
and hoses for proper hook-up, routing, and
condition. Check that the purge valve works
properly, if equipped. Replace as needed.
(k) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
inspect the filter at each engine oil change.
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C)
or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police, or
delivery service.
522
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate
a problem. Have the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
(l) Visually inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage. Replace belt if
necessary.
(m) Check vent hose at transfer case for kinks
and proper installation.
Owner Checks and Services
Engine Oil Level Check
These owner checks and services should be
performed at the intervals specified to help ensure
the safety, dependability, and emission control
performance of your vehicle. Your GM
Goodwrench® dealer can assist you with these
checks and services.
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See Engine Oil on page 403 for
further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at
once. Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added
to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper
ones, as shown in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 527.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks
at each fuel fill.
Notice: It is important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
Failure to keep your engine oil at the proper
level can cause damage to your engine
not covered by your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary. See
Engine Coolant on page 415 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in
the windshield washer fluid reservoir and add
the proper fluid if necessary.
523
At Least Once a Month
At Least Once a Year
Tire Inflation Check
Starter Switch Check
Visually inspect your vehicle’s tires and make
sure they are inflated to the correct pressures.
Do not forget to check the spare tire. See
Tires on page 450 for further details. Check to
make sure the spare tire is stored securely.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 473.
Tire Wear Inspection
Tire rotation may be required for high mileage
highway drivers prior to the Engine Oil Life
System service notification. Check the tires
for wear and, if necessary, rotate the tires.
See Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 463.
524
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and
the regular brake. See Parking Brake
on page 149.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready
to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear.
The vehicle should start only in PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N). If the vehicle starts
in any other position, contact your
GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
Control System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked
on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking
Brake on page 149.
Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to RUN,
but do not start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), contact
your GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set,
try to turn the ignition to LOCK in each shift
lever position.
• The ignition should turn to LOCK only when
the shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The key should come out only in LOCK.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service
is required.
525
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your
vehicle could begin to move. You or
others could be injured and property
could be damaged. Make sure there is
room in front of your vehicle in case it
begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular
brake, set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding
ability: With the engine running and
transmission in NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove
foot pressure from the regular brake pedal.
Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to
PARK (P). Then release the parking brake
followed by the regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service
is required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush
any corrosive materials from the underbody.
Take care to clean thoroughly any areas where
mud and other debris can collect.
526
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number, or specification may be obtained
from your dealer.
Usage
Engine Oil
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets
GM Standard GM6094M and
displays the American Petroleum
Institute Certified for Gasoline
Engines starburst symbol.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all
the requirements for your vehicle.
To determine the proper viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
Engine Oil on page 403.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant water
Coolant. See Engine Coolant
on page 415.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
®
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
System
Windshield
Washer
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Power Steering GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184,
System
in Canada 89021186).
Automatic
Transmission
DEXRON®-VI Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in
Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
527
Usage
Front and
Rear Axle
Fluid/Lubricant
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic
Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378261,
in Canada 10953455) meeting
GM Specification 9986115.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Body Door
Hinge Pins,
Tailgate Hinge
and Linkage,
Folding Seats,
and Fuel
Door Hinge
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Outer Tailgate
Handle Pivot
Points
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Transfer Case
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid. Look for
“Approved for the H-Specification”
on the label.
Front Axle
Propshaft
Spline or
One-Piece
Propshaft
Spline
(Two-Wheel
Drive)
Spline Lubricant, Special Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345879,
in Canada 10953511) or lubricant
meeting requirements of
GM 9985830.
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Weatherstrip Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 3634770,
in Canada 10953518) or
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Hood Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Synthetic Grease with
Teflon, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12371287,
in Canada 10953437).
528
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from
your GM dealer.
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
GM Part Number
ACDelco®
Part Number
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
25313348
A1519C
Oil Filter
89017524
PF48
Spark Plugs
12571164
41-985
Front – 21.6 inches (55.0 cm)
15284095
—
Rear – 11.8 inches (30.0 cm)
15173728
—
Part
Wiper Blades (ITTA Type)
529
Engine Drive Belt Routing
530
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service,
and the type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 514.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 523 can be added on the following
record pages. You should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
531
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
532
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
533
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
534
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance and Information ........536
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ................536
Online Owner Center ..................................539
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ...........................539
Customer Assistance Offices ......................540
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program .........541
Roadside Service .......................................541
Courtesy Transportation ..............................545
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders .......................................547
Collision Damage Repair ............................548
Reporting Safety Defects .............................552
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ......................552
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ............................552
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .......................................553
Service Publications Ordering
Information ..............................................553
535
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any
concerns with the sales transaction or the
operation of your vehicle will be resolved by
your dealer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions
of all concerned, misunderstandings can occur.
If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns
can be quickly resolved at that level. If the
matter has already been reviewed with the sales,
service or parts manager, contact the owner
of the dealership or the general manager.
536
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without
further help, in the U.S., contact the Cadillac
Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours a day,
by calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact
the Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre by calling 1-888-446-2000.
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please
have the following information available to give
the Customer Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
This is available from the vehicle registration
or title, or the plate at the top left of the
instrument panel and visible through the
windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage.
When contacting Cadillac, please remember
that your concern will likely be resolved at
a dealer’s facility. That is why we suggest you
follow Step One first if you have a concern.
STEP THREE (US Owners): Both General
Motors and your dealer are committed to making
sure you are completely satisfied with your
new vehicle. However, if you continue to remain
unsatisfied after following the procedure outlined
in Steps One and Two, you should file with
the BBB Auto Line Program to enforce your rights.
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court
program administered by the Council of Better
Business Bureaus to settle automotive disputes
regarding vehicle repairs or the interpretation of
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Although you
may be required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case
will generally be heard within 40 days. If you do
not agree with the decision given in your case,
you may reject it and proceed with any other venue
for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using
the toll-free telephone number or write them at the
following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited
by vehicle age, mileage and other factors.
General Motors reserves the right to change
eligibility limitations and/or discontinue its
participation in this program.
537
STEP THREE (Canadian Owners):
General Motors Participation in the
Mediation/Arbitration Program
In the event that you do not feel your concerns
have been addressed after the following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two.
General Motors of Canada Limited wants you
to be aware of its participation in a no-charge
mediation/Arbitration program. General Motors
of Canada Limited has committed to binding
arbitration of owner disputes involving
factory-related vehicle service claims. The
program provides for the review of the facts
involved by an impartial third party arbiter, and
may include an informal hearing before the
arbiter. The program is designed so that the
entire dispute settlement process, from the time
you file your complaint to the final decision,
should be completed in approximately 70 days.
We believe our impartial program offers
advantages over courts in most jurisdictions
because it is informal, quick, and free of charge.
538
For further information concerning eligibility in
the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan
(CAMVAP), call toll-free 1-800-207-0685.
Alternatively you may call the General Motors
Customer Communication Centre, 1-800-263-3777
(English), 1-800-263-7854 (French), or you may
write to the Mediation/Arbitration Program at
the following address. Your inquiry should
be accompanied by your Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN).
Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1–163–005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM
ownership needs. Specific vehicle information
can be found in one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific
vehicle, including tips and videos and
an electronic version of this owner’s manual
(United States only).
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history
and maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members (United States only).
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of
hearing, or speech-impaired and who use
Text Telephones (TTYs), Cadillac has TTY
equipment available at its Customer Assistance
Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
539
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. However, if a customer
wishes to write or e-mail Cadillac, the letter should
be addressed to:
United States — Customer Assistance
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
www.Cadillac.com
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
540
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
www.gmcanada.com
1-888-446-2000
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors
Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) — Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Roadside Service
In the U.S. or Canada, call 1-800-882-1112
Service available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is
more than an auto club or towing service. It
provides every Cadillac owner with the advantage
of contacting a Cadillac advisor and, in the
U.S., where available, a Cadillac trained dealer
technician who can provide on-site service.
This program, available to qualified applicants,
can reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost
of eligible aftermarket adaptive equipment required
for your vehicle, such as hand controls or a
wheelchair/scooter lift.
Each U.S. technician travels with a specially
equipped service vehicle complete with the
necessary Cadillac parts and tools required to
handle most roadside repairs.
The offer is available for a very limited period of
time from the date of vehicle purchase/lease.
For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, visit gmmobility.com or call the GM
Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
General Motors of Canada also has a Mobility
Program. Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483)
for details. TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
541
Who Is Covered?
Roadside Assistance coverage is for the vehicle
operator, regardless of ownership. A person driving
this vehicle without the consent of the owner is
not eligible for coverage.
The following services are provided in the U.S.
during the Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period and
in Canada, during the Base Warranty coverage
period of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty, up to
a maximum coverage of $100. These services
are provided at a nominal charge if the Cadillac
is no longer covered by the warranties listed
previously. Roadside Service is available only in
the United States and Canada.
Cadillac Owner Privileges™
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac
Owner Privileges™ at “no charge,” throughout
your Cadillac Warranty Period — 48 months/
50,000 miles (80 000 km).
542
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for
the following situations:
• Towing Service: Emergency towing from a
public roadway or highway to the nearest
dealership for warranty service or in the event
of a vehicle-disabling accident. Winch-out
assistance when the vehicle is mired in sand,
mud or snow.
• Battery Jump Starting: No-start occurrences
which require a battery jump start will be
covered at no charge.
• Lock Out Assistance: To ensure security,
the driver must present the vehicle registration
and personal ID before lock-out service is
provided. Lock-out service will be covered at
no charge if you are unable to gain entry
into your vehicle. If your vehicle will not
start, Roadside Service will arrange to have
your vehicle towed to the nearest authorized
dealership. In the US, replacement keys
made at the customer’s expense will be
delivered within 10 miles.
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel for the
customer to get to the nearest service station
(approximately $5 in the US and 10 litres
in Canada). Service to provide diesel may
be restricted. For safety reasons, propane and
other alternative fuels will not be provided
through this service.
• Flat Tire Change (Covers change only):
Installation of your spare tire, in good
condition, will be covered at no charge.
The customer is responsible for the repair
or replacement of the tire if not covered by
a warrantable failure.
• Trip Interruption: If your trip is interrupted
due to a warranty failure, incidental expenses
may be reimbursed during the 48 months/
50,000 miles (80 000 km) warranty period.
Items covered are hotel, meals, and rental car.
Additional Services for Canadian
Customers
• Trip Routing Service: Upon request, Cadillac
Roadside Service will send you detailed,
computer-personalized maps, highlighting
your choice of either the most direct route or
the most scenic route to your destination,
anywhere in North America, along with
any helpful travel information we may have
pertaining to your trip. To request this service,
please call us toll-free at 1-800-268-6800.
We will make every attempt to send your
personalized trip routing as quickly as
possible, but it is best to allow three weeks
before your planned departure date. Trip
routing requests will be limited to six per
calendar year.
• Alternative Service: There may be times
when Roadside Service cannot provide
timely assistance. Your advisor may authorize
you to secure local emergency road service,
and you will be reimbursed up to $100 upon
submission of the original receipt to
Cadillac Roadside Service®.
543
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or
Canada, an advisor is available to assist you over
the phone. A dealer technician, if available, can
travel to your location within a 30 mile (50 km)
radius of a participating Cadillac dealership.
If beyond this radius, we will arrange to have your
car towed to the nearest Cadillac dealership.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling,
please provide the following to the Roadside
Service Representative:
• A description of the problem
• Name, home address, home
telephone number
• Location of your Cadillac and number you
are calling from
• The model year, Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN), odometer reading, and date of delivery
While we hope you never have the occasion to use
our service, it is added security while traveling
for you and your family. Remember, we are only a
phone call away. In the US or Canada, customers
call Roadside Service: 1-800-882-1112.
544
Any customer who has access to a (TTY) or a
conventional teletypewriter can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing from the United States or
Canada 1-888-889-2438 — daily, 24 hours.
Cadillac and General Motors of Canada Limited
reserve the right to limit services or reimbursement
to an owner or driver when, in their sole
discretion, the claims become excessive in
frequency or type of occurrence.
Roadside Service is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Cadillac and General Motors of Canada
Limited reserve the right to make any changes
or discontinue the Roadside Service program
at any time without notification.
Towing and Road Service Exclusions
Specifically excluded from Roadside Service
coverage are towing or services for vehicles
operated on a non-public roadway or highway,
fines, impound towing caused by a violation
of local, Municipal, State, Provincial or Federal
law, and mounting, dismounting or changing
of snow tires, chains or other traction devices.
Courtesy Transportation
Scheduling Service Appointments
To enhance your ownership experience, we and
our participating dealers are proud to offer
Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
When your vehicle requires warranty service,
you should contact your dealer and request an
appointment. By scheduling a service appointment
and advising your service consultant of your
transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience.
For warranty repairs during the Bumper-to-Bumper
(US) or Base Warranty Coverage period
(Canada), provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, interim transportation may be available
under the courtesy transportation program.
Several courtesy transportation options are
available when warranty repairs are required to
assist in reducing your inconvenience.
Courtesy Transportation is not part of the new
Vehicle Limited Warranty and is available only at
participating dealers. A separate booklet entitled
“Warranty and Owner Assistance Information”
furnished with each new vehicle provides detailed
warranty coverage information.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the
service department immediately, keep driving it
until it can be scheduled for service, unless,
of course, the problem is safety-related. If it is,
please call your dealership, let them know this,
and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the
vehicle off for service, you are urged to do so as
early in the work day as possible to allow for
the same day repair.
545
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed
while you wait. However, if you are unable to wait,
GM helps to minimize your inconvenience by
providing several transportation options.
Depending on the circumstances, your dealer
can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Shuttle Service is the preferred means of offering
Courtesy Transportation and participating
dealers can provide you with shuttle service to get
you to your destination with minimal interruption
of your daily schedule. This includes one-way
or round trip shuttle service within reasonable time
and distance parameters for the dealer’s area.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires warranty repairs, and
public transportation is used as “shuttle service,”
the reimbursement is limited to the associated
shuttle allowance (contact your dealer) and
must be supported by original receipts.
546
In addition, in the U.S., should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative, limited
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses
may be available. Claim amounts should reflect
actual costs and be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a
courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental
vehicle that you obtain if your vehicle is kept for a
warranty repair. Taxi reimbursement may also be
available if you meet the eligibility for a courtesy
rental and a rental vehicle is not practical for your
requirements. Rental and taxi reimbursement will
be limited (contact your dealer) and must be
supported by original receipts. This requires that
you sign and complete a rental agreement and
meet state/provincial, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and may
include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible for
fuel usage charges and may also be responsible for
taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive mileage or
rental usage beyond the completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
All program options, such as shuttle service,
may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact your dealer for specific information
about availability. All Courtesy Transportation
arrangements will be administered by appropriate
dealer personnel.
Cadillac and General Motors of Canada reserve
the right to unilaterally modify, change or
discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any time
and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at their sole discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has
a number of sophisticated computer systems that
monitor and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components
to optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for
airbag deployment and, if so equipped, to provide
anti-lock braking and to help the driver control
the vehicle in difficult driving situations.
Some information may be stored during regular
operations to facilitate repair of detected
malfunctions; other information is stored only in a
crash event by computer systems, such as those
commonly called event data recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as the
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) in
your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated,
such as data related to engine speed, brake
application, throttle position, vehicle speed, safety
belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag performance,
and the severity of a collision. If your vehicle is
equipped with StabiliTrak®, steering performance,
including yaw rate, steering wheel angle, and lateral
acceleration, is also recorded. This information has
been used to improve vehicle crash performance
and may be used to improve crash performance of
future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike the data
recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as
conversation of vehicle occupants.
547
To read this information, special equipment is
needed and access to the vehicle or the device
that stores the data is required. GM will not access
information about a crash event or share it with
others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or,
if the vehicle is leased, with the consent of
the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or
similar government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through
the discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data,
GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where
appropriate confidentiality is to be maintained
and need is shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a
specific vehicle with non-GM organizations
for research purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have
access to the special equipment that can read the
information if they have access to the vehicle
or the device that stores the data.
548
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar®, please
check the OnStar® subscription service agreement
or manual for information on its operations and
data collection.
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a collision and it is
damaged, have the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper equipment and
quality replacement parts. Poorly performed
collision repairs will diminish your vehicle’s resale
value, and safety performance can be
compromised in subsequent collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new parts made
with the same materials and construction methods
as the parts with which your vehicle was originally
built. Genuine GM Collision parts are your best
choice to assure that your vehicle’s designed
appearance, durability and safety are preserved.
The use of Genuine GM parts can help maintain
your GM New Vehicle Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts may also
be used for repair. These parts are typically
removed from vehicles that were total losses in
prior accidents. In most cases, the parts being
recycled are from undamaged sections of
the vehicle. A recycled original equipment
GM part, may be an acceptable choice to maintain
your vehicle’s originally designed appearance
and safety performance, however, the history
of these parts is not known. Such parts are
not covered by your GM New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, and any related failures are not
covered by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also available.
These are made by companies other than GM
and may not have been tested for your vehicle.
As a result, these parts may fit poorly, exhibit
premature durability/corrosion problems, and may
not perform properly in subsequent collisions.
Aftermarket parts are not covered by your GM New
Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any vehicle failure
related to such parts are not covered by that
warranty.
Repair Facility
GM also recommends that you choose a collision
repair facility that meets your needs before you
ever need collision repairs. Your GM dealer
may have a collision repair center with GM-trained
technicians and state of the art equipment, or
be able to recommend a collision repair center
that has GM-trained technicians and comparable
equipment.
Insuring Your Vehicle
Protect your investment in your GM vehicle with
comprehensive and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in the quality
of coverage afforded by various insurance policy
terms. Many insurance policies provide reduced
protection to your GM vehicle by limiting
compensation for damage repairs by using
aftermarket collision parts. Some insurance
companies will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance, we recommend
that you assure your vehicle will be repaired
with GM original equipment collision parts.
If such insurance coverage is not available from
your current insurance carrier, consider switching
to another insurance carrier.
549
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing company
may require you to have insurance that assures
repairs with Genuine GM Original Equipment
Manufacturer (OEM) parts or Genuine
Manufacturer replacement parts. Read your
lease carefully, as you may be charged at the
end of your lease for poor quality repairs.
If an Accident Occurs
Here is what to do if you are involved in an accident.
• Try to relax and then check to make sure you
are all right. If you are uninjured, make sure that
no one else in your vehicle, or the other vehicle,
is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call 911 for help.
Do not leave the scene of an accident until all
matters have been taken care of. Move your
vehicle only if its position puts you in danger or
you are instructed to move it by a police officer.
• Give only the necessary and requested
information to police and other parties involved
in the accident. Do not discuss your personal
condition, mental frame of mind, or anything
unrelated to the accident. This will help guard
against post-accident legal action.
550
• If you need roadside assistance, call
GM Roadside Assistance. See Roadside
Service on page 541 for more information.
• If your vehicle cannot be driven, know where
the towing service will be taking it. Get a card
from the tow truck operator or write down the
driver’s name, the service’s name, and the
phone number.
• Remove any valuables from your vehicle before
it is towed away. Make sure this includes your
insurance information and registration if you
keep these items in your vehicle.
• Gather the important information you will
need from the other driver. Things like name,
address, phone number, driver’s license
number, vehicle license plate, vehicle make,
model and model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), insurance company and policy
number, and a general description of the
damage to the other vehicle.
• If possible, call your insurance company from
the scene of the accident. They will walk you
through the information they will need. If they
ask for a police report, phone or go to the police
department headquarters the next day and you
can get a copy of the report for a nominal fee.
In some states with “no fault” insurance laws, a
report may not be necessary. This is especially
true if there are no injuries and both vehicles
are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision repair facility for
your vehicle. Whether you select a GM dealer
or a private collision repair facility to fix the
damage, make sure you are comfortable
with them. Remember, you will have to feel
comfortable with their work for a long time.
• Once you have an estimate, read it carefully
and make sure you understand what work will
be performed on your vehicle. If you have a
question, ask for an explanation. Reputable
shops welcome this opportunity.
Managing the Vehicle Damage
Repair Process
In the event that your vehicle requires damage
repairs, GM recommends that you take an active
role in its repair. If you have a pre-determined
repair facility of choice, take your vehicle there,
or have it towed there. Specify to the facility
that any required replacement collision parts be
original equipment parts, either new Genuine
GM parts or recycled original GM parts.
Remember, recycled parts will not be covered
by your GM vehicle warranty.
Insurance pays the bill for the repair, but you
must live with the repair. Depending on your
policy limits, your insurance company may initially
value the repair using aftermarket parts. Discuss
this with your repair professional, and insist
on Genuine GM parts. Remember if your vehicle
is leased you may be obligated to have the
vehicle repaired with Genuine GM parts, even if
your insurance coverage does not pay the full cost.
551
If another party’s insurance company is paying
for the repairs, you are not obligated to accept
a repair valuation based on that insurance
company’s collision policy repair limits, as you
have no contractual limits with that company.
In such cases, you can have control of the repair
and parts choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may
open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety
defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA
cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or General Motors.
552
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.safercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
400 Seventh Street, SW.
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects to
the Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that
your vehicle has a safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition
to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.
You may call them at 1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Place de Ville Tower C
330 Sparks Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport
Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly
hope you will notify us. Please call us at
1-800-458-8006, or write:
Service Manuals
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, please call us at 1-888-446-2000.
Or, write:
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre, 163-005
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle
suspension, brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit
repair service procedures, adjustments,
and specifications for GM transmissions,
transaxles, and transfer cases.
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General
Motors cars and trucks. Each bulletin contains
instructions to assist in the diagnosis and
service of your vehicle.
553
In Canada, the service bulletin reference number
can be obtained by contacting your GM dealer
or by calling 1-800-GMDRIVE (1-800-463-7483).
This reference number is needed to order the
service bulletin from Helm, Inc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $6.00 US + Processing Fee
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for
owners and intended to provide basic operational
information about the vehicle. The owner’s
manual will include the Maintenance Schedule
for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00 US +
Processing Fee
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00 US +
Processing Fee
554
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Service Publications are available for current
and past model GM vehicles. To request an
order form, please specify year and model
name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc.
on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and
without incurring obligation. Allow ample time
for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices
are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
A
Accessories and Modifications ...................... 393
Accessory Power Outlet(s) ........................... 210
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ...................................................... 105
Additives, Fuel ............................................. 396
Add-On Electrical Equipment ........................ 502
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal ............. 141
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine .............................. 408
Air Conditioning ............................................ 212
Airbag
Passenger Status Indicator ....................... 225
Readiness Light ........................................ 224
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic
Module (SDM) .......................................... 547
Airbag System ............................................... 89
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ........................ 105
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ................... 98
Passenger Sensing System ....................... 100
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .... 104
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ................... 97
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates? .................................................. 98
Airbag System (cont.)
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................. 95
Where Are the Airbags? .............................. 92
All-Wheel Drive ............................................ 438
All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) System ..................... 328
Analog Clock ................................................ 211
Antenna, Rear Side Window ........................ 315
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System ..................................................... 316
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ..................... 323
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light ........ 229
Appearance Care
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ......... 498
Care of Safety Belts ................................. 496
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................ 500
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ............... 497
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ........... 492
Fabric/Carpet ............................................ 494
Finish Care ............................................... 497
Finish Damage .......................................... 500
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other Plastic
Surfaces ................................................ 495
Leather ..................................................... 495
Sheet Metal Damage ................................ 499
Speaker Covers ........................................ 496
555
Appearance Care (cont.)
Tires .........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ............................
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ...........
Washing Your Vehicle ...............................
Weatherstrips ............................................
Windshield, Backglass, and
Wiper Blades .........................................
Wood Panels ............................................
Ashtray(s) .....................................................
Assist Handles .............................................
Audio System(s) ...........................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................
Care of Your CD and DVD Player .............
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................
Chime Level Adjustment ............................
Navigation/Radio System, see Navigation
Manual ..................................................
Radio with CD and DVD ...........................
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) .............................
Rear Side Window Antenna ......................
Setting the Time .......................................
Theft-Deterrent Feature .............................
Understanding Radio Reception ................
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .......
556
499
500
501
496
496
498
496
211
171
265
313
315
315
316
299
268
310
315
267
312
314
316
Automatic Headlamp System ........................
Automatic Transmission
Fluid .........................................................
Operation ..................................................
Autoride® .....................................................
203
411
142
374
B
Battery ......................................................... 433
Run-Down Protection ................................ 205
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ..................... 356
Bench Seat, Split (60/40) ............................... 19
Brake
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................. 323
Emergencies ............................................. 325
Parking ..................................................... 149
System Warning Light ............................... 228
Brake Pedal, Throttle .................................... 141
Brakes ......................................................... 429
Braking ........................................................ 322
Braking in Emergencies ................................ 325
Break-In, New Vehicle .................................. 137
Bucket Seats, Rear ........................................ 26
Bulb Replacement ........................................
Back-Up Lamps ........................................
Headlamp Aiming ......................................
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting .....
License Plate Lamps .................................
Replacement Bulbs ...................................
Buying New Tires .........................................
445
445
441
445
447
447
465
C
Calibration ............................................ 155, 157
California Fuel .............................................. 396
California Proposition 65 Warning ................. 393
Canadian Owners ............................................ 3
Capacities and Specifications ....................... 512
Carbon Monoxide ................. 124, 126, 153, 375
Care of
Safety Belts .............................................. 496
Your CD and DVD Player ......................... 315
Your CDs and DVDs ................................. 315
Cargo Cover ................................................ 174
Cargo Management System ......................... 176
Center Console Storage Area ....................... 171
Center Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ................................................ 52
Center Seat ................................................... 18
Chains, Tire ................................................. 471
Charging System Light ................................. 227
Check
Engine Light ............................................. 232
Checking Things Under the Hood ................. 400
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 500
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems .............................. 67
Infants and Young Children ......................... 63
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children ..... 73
Older Children ............................................ 60
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position ........................................... 82
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Front Seat Position .................................. 84
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position .................................. 85
Where to Put the Restraint ......................... 72
Chime Level Adjustment ............................... 316
Cigarette Lighter ........................................... 211
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ......... 498
Exterior Lamps/Lenses .............................. 497
Fabric/Carpet ............................................ 494
Finish Care ............................................... 497
Inside of Your Vehicle ............................... 492
557
Cleaning (cont.)
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other Plastic
Surfaces ................................................ 495
Leather ..................................................... 495
Speaker Covers ........................................ 496
Tires ......................................................... 499
Underbody Maintenance ............................ 500
Washing Your Vehicle ............................... 496
Weatherstrips ............................................ 496
Windshield, Backglass, and
Wiper Blades ......................................... 498
Wood Panels ............................................ 496
Climate Control System
Dual Automatic .......................................... 212
Outlet Adjustment ...................................... 217
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System, Electronic ................................. 218
Clock ........................................................... 211
Collision Damage Repair .............................. 548
Comfort Guides, Rear Safety Belt .................. 56
Compass .............................................. 155, 157
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................ 133
Control of a Vehicle ..................................... 322
Convenience Net .......................................... 173
558
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ........................ 230
Heater, Engine .......................................... 141
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ......................... 418
Cooled Seats ................................................. 12
Cooling System ............................................ 422
Cruise Control .............................................. 194
Cruise Control Light ..................................... 237
Cupholder(s) ................................................ 170
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ............................ 545
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users .......................................... 539
Customer Assistance Offices ..................... 540
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ............... 536
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ....... 541
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors ................................................... 553
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ........................... 552
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..................... 552
Roadside Service ...................................... 541
Service Publications Ordering
Information ............................................ 553
D
Daytime Running Lamps .............................. 202
Defensive Driving ......................................... 318
Delayed Locking ........................................... 122
Differential, Locking ...................................... 325
Doing Your Own Service Work ..................... 394
Dome Lamp Override ................................... 205
Dome Lamps ............................................... 204
Door
Delayed Locking ....................................... 122
Locks ........................................................ 120
Power Door Locks .................................... 121
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ........ 122
Rear Door Security Locks ......................... 122
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ................................... 43
Driver Information Center (DIC) .................... 239
DIC Operation and Displays ...................... 240
DIC Vehicle Customization ........................ 254
DIC Warnings and Messages .................... 245
Driving
At Night .................................................... 350
City ........................................................... 354
Defensive .................................................. 318
Driving (cont.)
Drunken ....................................................
Freeway ....................................................
Hill and Mountain Roads ...........................
In Rain and on Wet Roads .......................
Off-Road ...................................................
Recovery Hooks .......................................
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out ...........
Winter .......................................................
Dual Automatic Climate Control System ........
DVD
Rear Seat Entertainment System ..............
319
355
358
351
334
365
364
360
212
299
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ....................................
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block .........
Fuses and Circuit Breakers .......................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ....................
Power Windows and Other Power
Options ..................................................
Underhood Fuse Block ..............................
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................
502
506
503
504
503
507
503
559
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ....................................... 408
Battery ...................................................... 433
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ...... 232
Coolant ..................................................... 415
Coolant Heater .......................................... 141
Coolant Temperature Gage ....................... 230
Drive Belt Routing ..................................... 530
Engine Compartment Overview ................. 402
Exhaust .................................................... 153
Fan Noise ................................................. 427
Oil ............................................................ 403
Oil Life System ......................................... 406
Overheated Protection Operating Mode ..... 421
Overheating .............................................. 418
Starting ..................................................... 139
Entry Lighting ............................................... 205
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ....................... 547
Exit Lighting ................................................. 205
Extender, Safety Belt ...................................... 59
Exterior Lamps ............................................. 197
560
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ....................................
Finish Damage .............................................
Flashers, Hazard Warning ............................
Flat Tire .......................................................
Flat Tire, Changing .......................................
Flat Tire, Storing ..........................................
Fluid
Automatic Transmission .............................
Power Steering .........................................
Windshield Washer ...................................
Fog Lamp Light ............................................
Fog Lamps ...................................................
Front Axle ....................................................
Fuel .............................................................
Additives ...................................................
California Fuel ..........................................
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ...............
Filling Your Tank .......................................
Fuels in Foreign Countries ........................
Gage ........................................................
Gasoline Octane .......................................
Gasoline Specifications .............................
Low Warning Light ....................................
408
500
186
472
473
488
411
427
428
237
204
440
395
396
396
400
398
397
238
395
395
239
Fuses
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block .........
Fuses and Circuit Breakers .......................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ....................
Underhood Fuse Block ..............................
Windshield Wiper ......................................
506
503
504
507
503
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature .....................
Fuel ..........................................................
Speedometer ............................................
Tachometer ...............................................
Garage Door Opener ...................................
Garment Hooks ............................................
Gasoline
Octane ......................................................
Specifications ............................................
Glove Box ....................................................
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ...........
230
238
222
222
165
171
395
395
170
541
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................. 186
Head Restraints ............................................. 17
Headlamp
Aiming ...................................................... 441
Headlamps
Automatic Headlamp System .................... 203
Bulb Replacement ..................................... 445
Daytime Running Lamps ........................... 202
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ..... 445
High/Low Beam Changer .......................... 189
On Reminder ............................................ 202
Heated Seats ........................................... 11, 12
Heated Steering Wheel ................................ 187
Heater .......................................................... 212
Highbeam On Light ...................................... 237
High-Speed Operation, Tires ......................... 458
Highway Hypnosis ........................................ 357
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 358
Hood
Checking Things Under ............................. 400
Release .................................................... 401
Horn ............................................................ 186
How to Use This Manual ................................. 3
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 43
561
I
Ignition Positions .......................................... 138
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ........... 63
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 456
Instrument Panel
Overview .................................................. 184
Instrument Panel (I/P)
Brightness ................................................. 204
Cluster ...................................................... 221
J
Jump Starting ............................................... 434
K
Keyless Entry System .................................. 112
Keys ............................................................ 111
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall .................................
Lamps
Battery Run-Down Protection ....................
Dome .......................................................
Dome Lamp Override ................................
562
451
205
204
205
Lamps (cont.)
Exterior ..................................................... 197
Fog ........................................................... 204
Reading .................................................... 205
LATCH System
Child Restraints .......................................... 73
License Plate Lamps .................................... 447
Liftgate, Power ............................................. 126
Liftgate/Liftglass ............................................ 124
Liftglass/Liftgate ............................................ 124
Light
Airbag Readiness ...................................... 224
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning .............. 229
Brake System Warning ............................. 228
Charging System ...................................... 227
Cruise Control ........................................... 237
Fog Lamp ................................................. 237
Highbeam On ........................................... 237
Lights On Reminder .................................. 237
Low Fuel Warning ..................................... 239
Malfunction Indicator ................................. 232
Oil Pressure .............................................. 236
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............. 225
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder ............... 223
Safety Belt Reminder ................................ 223
Security .................................................... 236
StabiliTrak® Indicator ................................. 230
Light (cont.)
Tire Pressure ............................................ 231
Tow/Haul Mode ......................................... 238
Lighting
Entry ......................................................... 205
Exit ........................................................... 205
Loading Your Vehicle .................................... 366
Locking Differential ....................................... 325
Lockout Protection ........................................ 123
Locks
Delayed Locking ....................................... 122
Door ......................................................... 120
Lockout Protection .................................... 123
Power Door .............................................. 121
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ........ 122
Rear Door Security Locks ......................... 122
Loss of Control ............................................ 333
Low Fuel Warning Light ............................... 239
Luggage Carrier ........................................... 172
Lumbar
Power Controls ........................................... 10
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ..................... 519
At Each Fuel Fill ....................................... 523
At Least Once a Month ............................ 524
At Least Once a Year ............................... 524
Introduction ............................................... 514
Maintenance Footnotes ............................. 521
Maintenance Record ................................. 531
Maintenance Requirements ....................... 514
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ... 529
Owner Checks and Services ..................... 523
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ........ 527
Scheduled Maintenance ............................ 517
Using ........................................................ 515
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 514
Malfunction Indicator Light ............................ 232
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals ................. 13
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages .................... 245
563
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Mirror with
Intellibeam™, OnStar®, Compass, and
Temperature Display ..............................
Automatic Dimming Rearview with
OnStar®, Compass and Temperature
Display ..................................................
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors ...............
MyGMLink.com .............................................
155
157
160
539
N
Navigation/Radio System, see Navigation
Manual ..................................................... 299
New Vehicle Break-In ................................... 137
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ...... 529
O
Odometer .....................................................
Odometer, Trip .............................................
Off-Road Driving ...........................................
Off-Road Recovery .......................................
Oil
Engine ......................................................
Pressure Light ..........................................
564
222
222
334
331
403
236
Oil, Engine Oil Life System .......................... 406
Older Children, Restraints .............................. 60
Online Owner Center ................................... 539
OnStar® System, see OnStar® Manual ......... 163
Other Warning Devices ................................ 186
Outlet Adjustment ......................................... 217
Outlet(s), Accessory Power ........................... 210
Outside
Power Foldaway Mirrors ............................ 160
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ........................................ 421
Owner Checks and Services ........................ 523
Owners, Canadian ........................................... 3
P
Paint, Damage .............................................
Park Aid .......................................................
Park (P)
Shifting Into ..............................................
Shifting Out of ..........................................
Parking
Assist .......................................................
Brake ........................................................
Over Things That Burn .............................
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ................
500
206
150
151
206
149
152
225
Passenger Sensing System .......................... 100
Passing ........................................................ 331
PASS-Key® III+ ............................................ 135
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ............................ 135
Power
Accessory Outlet(s) ................................... 210
Door Locks ............................................... 121
Electrical System ...................................... 503
Liftgate ..................................................... 126
Lumbar Controls ......................................... 10
Reclining Seatbacks .................................... 15
Retained Accessory (RAP) ........................ 139
Running Boards ........................................ 130
Seat ............................................................. 9
Steering Fluid ........................................... 427
Windows ................................................... 132
Pretensioners, Safety Belt .............................. 59
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ........... 122
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts .... 42
R
Radios ......................................................... 265
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ............. 315
Care of Your CDs and DVDs .................... 315
Navigation/Radio System, see Navigation
Manual .................................................. 299
Radio with CD and DVD ........................... 268
Rear Seat Audio ....................................... 310
Setting the Time ....................................... 267
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 312
Understanding Reception .......................... 314
Rainsense™ II Wipers .................................. 191
Reading Lamps ............................................ 205
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating System
and Electronic Climate Controls ................ 218
Rear Axle ..................................................... 439
Rear Door Security Locks ............................ 122
Rear Heated Seats ........................................ 18
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ................... 56
Rear Seat Armrest ....................................... 173
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ................................ 310
Rear Seat Entertainment System .................. 299
565
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts ............... 53
Rear Side Window Antenna .......................... 315
Rear Storage Area ....................................... 173
Rear Windshield Washer/Wiper .................... 193
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
OnStar®, Compass and Temperature
Display ..................................................... 157
Reclining Seatbacks, Power ........................... 15
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ........... 527
Recovery Hooks ........................................... 365
Recreational Vehicle Towing ......................... 372
Remote Keyless Entry System ..................... 112
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation .... 113
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ................................................. 478
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............. 474
Replacement Bulbs ...................................... 447
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .............................. 552
General Motors ......................................... 553
United States Government ........................ 552
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems ................ 106
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ................................................. 107
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ................. 139
566
Right Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ................................................ 51
Road Sensing Suspension ............................ 325
Roadside
Service ..................................................... 541
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out ............... 364
Routing, Engine Drive Belt ........................... 530
Running Boards, Power ................................ 130
Running the Engine While Parked ................ 154
S
Safety Belt
Passenger Reminder Light ........................ 223
Pretensioners .............................................. 59
Reminder Light ......................................... 223
Safety Belts
Care of ..................................................... 496
Center Front Passenger Position ................. 52
Driver Position ............................................ 43
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............. 43
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................. 42
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ................ 56
Rear Seat Passengers ................................ 53
Right Front Passenger Position ................... 51
Safety Belts (cont.)
Safety Belt Extender ................................... 59
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy .............. 51
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ..................... 38
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ..................... 50
Safety Warnings and Symbols .......................... 4
Scheduled Maintenance ............................... 517
Seats
60/40 Split Bench Seat ............................... 19
Bucket Seats, Rear ..................................... 26
Center Seat ................................................ 18
Head Restraints .......................................... 17
Heated and Cooled Seats ........................... 12
Heated Seats .............................................. 11
Heated Seats - Rear .................................. 18
Memory, Mirrors and Pedals ....................... 13
Power Lumbar ............................................ 10
Power Reclining Seatbacks ......................... 15
Power Seats ................................................. 9
Third Row Seat .......................................... 33
Secondary Latch System .............................. 484
Securing a Child Restraint
Center Front Seat Position .......................... 84
Rear Seat Position ...................................... 82
Right Front Seat Position ............................ 85
Security Light ............................................... 236
Service ......................................................... 392
Accessories and Modifications ................... 393
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your
Vehicle .................................................. 395
California Proposition 65 Warning ............. 393
Doing Your Own Work .............................. 394
Engine Soon Light .................................... 232
Publications Ordering Information .............. 553
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ........ 104
Setting the Time ........................................... 267
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 499
Shifting Into Park (P) .................................... 150
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................ 151
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ......................... 50
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change ................... 188
Spare Tire .................................................... 492
Installing ................................................... 478
Removing ................................................. 474
Storing ...................................................... 488
Specifications, Capacities ............................. 512
Speedometer ................................................ 222
Split Bench Seat (60/40) ................................ 19
StabiliTrak® System ...................................... 326
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ............................ 230
Starting Your Engine .................................... 139
Steering ....................................................... 329
567
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................
Steering Wheel, Heated ...............................
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ...........................
Storage
Garment Hooks .........................................
Storage Areas
Cargo Management System ......................
Center Console Storage Area ...................
Convenience Net ......................................
Cupholder(s) .............................................
Glove Box .................................................
Luggage Carrier ........................................
Rear Seat Armrest ....................................
Rear Storage Area ....................................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow ................
Sun Visors ...................................................
Sunroof ........................................................
313
187
187
171
176
171
173
170
170
172
173
173
364
133
179
T
Tachometer ..................................................
Theft-Deterrent, Radio ..................................
Theft-Deterrent Systems ...............................
Content Theft-Deterrent .............................
PASS-Key® III+ .........................................
PASS-Key® III+ Operation .........................
568
222
312
133
133
135
135
Third Row Seat .............................................. 33
Throttle, Adjustable ....................................... 141
Tilt Wheel ..................................................... 187
Tire
Pressure Light .......................................... 231
Tires ............................................................ 450
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels,
Cleaning ................................................ 498
Buying New Tires ...................................... 465
Chains ...................................................... 471
Changing a Flat Tire ................................. 473
Cleaning ................................................... 499
Different Size ............................................ 467
High-Speed Operation ............................... 458
If a Tire Goes Flat .................................... 472
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................. 456
Inspection and Rotation ............................ 463
Installing the Spare Tire ............................ 478
Pressure Monitor System .......................... 458
Removing the Flat Tire ............................. 478
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .......... 474
Secondary Latch System .......................... 484
Spare Tire ................................................. 492
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...... 488
Tire Sidewall Labeling ............................... 451
Tire Terminology and Definitions ................ 453
Tires (cont.)
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .....................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ............
Wheel Replacement ..................................
When It Is Time for New Tires ..................
Tow/Haul Mode ............................................
Tow/Haul Mode Light ....................................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle ..................................
Towing a Trailer ........................................
Your Vehicle ..............................................
Traction
Locking Differential ....................................
Road Sensing Suspension ........................
StabiliTrak® System ..................................
Trailer
Recommendations .....................................
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic ........................................
Transmission Operation, Automatic ...............
Trip Odometer ..............................................
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ....................
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .....................
468
469
470
465
148
238
372
375
372
325
325
326
388
411
142
222
188
188
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) .........
Understanding Radio Reception ....................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ........................
Universal Home Remote System ..................
Operation ..................................................
206
314
468
165
166
V
Vehicle
Control ...................................................... 322
Damage Warnings ........................................ 5
Loading ..................................................... 366
Symbols ....................................................... 5
Vehicle Customization, DIC .......................... 254
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders ................................................. 547
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ........................................... 502
Service Parts Identification Label .............. 502
Ventilation Adjustment .................................. 217
Visors ........................................................... 133
569
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .......... 220
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages .................... 245
Hazard Warning Flashers .......................... 186
Other Warning Devices ............................. 186
Safety and Symbols ...................................... 4
Vehicle Damage ........................................... 5
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ...................... 469
Different Size ............................................ 467
Replacement ............................................. 470
Where to Put the Restraint ............................ 72
Windows ...................................................... 131
Power ....................................................... 132
Windshield
Backglass, and Wiper Blades, Cleaning ....
Rainsense™ II Wipers ..............................
Washer .....................................................
Washer Fluid ............................................
Wiper Blade Replacement .........................
Wiper Fuses .............................................
Wipers ......................................................
Windshield, Rear Washer/Wiper ....................
Winter Driving ..............................................
498
191
192
428
448
503
190
193
360
X
XM Radio Messages .................................... 297
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .......... 316
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................ 514
570