Cadillac 2007 Escalade EXT Automobile User Manual

2007 Cadillac Escalade EXT Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ....................... 7
Front Seats .............................................. 8
Rear Seats ............................................. 16
Safety Belts ............................................ 18
Child Restraints ...................................... 39
Airbag System ........................................ 67
Restraint System Check
......................... 86
Features and Controls ................................ 89
Keys ....................................................... 91
Doors and Locks .................................. 101
Windows ............................................... 115
Theft-Deterrent Systems
....................... 117
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ..... 123
Mirrors .................................................. 143
OnStar® System ................................... 152
Universal Home Remote System
.......... 154
Storage Areas
...................................... 165
Sunroof
................................................ 187
M
Instrument Panel .......................................
Instrument Panel Overview ...................
Climate Controls ...................................
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
..........................................
Driver Information Center (DIC)
............
Audio System(s) ...................................
Driving Your Vehicle .................................
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
.....................................
Towing
.................................................
Service and Appearance Care ..................
Service .................................................
Fuel ......................................................
Checking Things Under the Hood .........
All-Wheel Drive .....................................
Rear Axle .............................................
Front Axle
............................................
189
192
219
225
243
267
321
322
378
393
396
399
404
443
444
446
1
Headlamp Aiming
.................................
Bulb Replacement
................................
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement .....................................
Tires .....................................................
Appearance Care ..................................
Vehicle Identification .............................
Electrical System ..................................
Capacities and Specifications ................
2
447
450
Maintenance Schedule .............................. 519
Maintenance Schedule .......................... 520
453
454
496
508
509
518
Customer Assistance Information ............. 541
Customer Assistance and
Information ........................................ 542
Reporting Safety Defects ...................... 560
Index .......................................................... 565
This manual describes features that may be
available in this model, but your vehicle may not
be equipped with all of them. For example,
more than one entertainment system may be
offered or your vehicle may have been ordered
without a front passenger or rear seats.
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there
if it is ever needed while you are on the road. If
the vehicle is sold, leave this manual in the
vehicle.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath, and
the names ESCALADE and EXT are registered
trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the
time it was printed. We reserve the right to
make changes after that time without notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the
name “General Motors of Canada Limited” for
Cadillac Motor Car Division whenever it appears in
this manual.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 15854798 A First Printing
©
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be
obtained from your dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
2006 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
3
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from
beginning to end when they first receive their new
vehicle. If this is done, it can help you learn
about the features and controls for the vehicle.
Pictures and words work together in the
owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about
the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual.
It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual
and the page number where it can be found.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this
book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to
tell about things that could hurt you if you were to
ignore the warning.
4
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could
hurt you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or
reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If
you do not, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a
circle with a slash
through it in this book.
This safety symbol
means “Do Not,” “Do
Not do this” or “Do Not
let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation or
information relating to a specific component,
control, message, gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something
that could damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage
the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They
use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the
following topics:
• Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
• Features and Controls in Section 2
• Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
• Climate Controls in Section 3
• Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in
Section 3
• Audio System(s) in Section 3
• Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
6
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ..................................................... 8
Power Seats ................................................. 8
Power Lumbar .............................................. 9
Heated Seats .............................................. 10
Heated and Cooled Seats ........................... 11
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals .............. 12
Power Reclining Seatbacks ......................... 14
Head Restraints .......................................... 15
Rear Seats .................................................... 16
Rear Seat Operation ................................... 16
Safety Belts .................................................. 18
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ........... 18
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts .... 22
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............. 23
Driver Position ............................................. 23
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment ................. 30
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy .............. 31
Right Front Passenger Position ................... 31
Rear Seat Passengers ................................ 32
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ................ 35
Safety Belt Pretensioners ............................ 38
Safety Belt Extender ................................... 38
Child Restraints ............................................ 39
Older Children ............................................. 39
Infants and Young Children ......................... 42
Child Restraint Systems .............................. 45
Where to Put the Restraint .......................... 50
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) .................................... 51
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position ........................................... 60
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position .................................. 62
Airbag System .............................................. 67
Where Are the Airbags? .............................. 70
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................. 73
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ................... 75
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ................... 76
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates? ................................................... 76
Passenger Sensing System ......................... 78
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...... 84
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......................... 85
Restraint System Check ............................... 86
Checking the Restraint Systems .................. 86
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ........................................... 87
7
Front Seats
Power Seats
• Raise or lower the rear part of the seat cushion
by moving the rear of the control up or down.
• Raise or lower the entire seat by moving the
entire control up or down.
The power reclining seatback control is located
behind the power seat control on the outboard side
of the seats. See Power Reclining Seatbacks on
page 14.
Your vehicle has a memory function which allows
seat settings to be saved and recalled. See
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 12.
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control, Power
Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
The power seat controls are located on the
outboard side of the front seats.
• Move the seat forward or rearward by sliding
the control forward or rearward.
• Raise or lower the front part of the seat cushion
by moving the front of the control up or down.
8
Power Lumbar
• To raise the height of the lumbar support,
press and hold the top of the control.
• To lower the height of the lumbar support,
press and hold the bottom of the control.
Release the control when the lower seatback
reaches the desired level of lumbar support.
Your vehicle may have a memory function which
allows seat settings to be saved and recalled.
See Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 12
for more information.
Keep in mind that as your seating position
changes, as it may during long trips, so should the
position of your lumbar support. Adjust the seat
as needed.
If the seats have power lumbar, the controls
used to operate this feature are located on the
outboard side of the seats.
• To increase lumbar support, press and hold
the front of the control.
• To decrease lumbar support, press and hold
the rear of the control.
9
z (Heated Seat and Seatback): To heat the
Heated Seats
If the front seats have
the heated seat feature,
the buttons used to
control this feature
are located on the
climate control panel.
+ (Heated Seatback): To heat only the
seatback, press the top button with the heated
seatback symbol.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings
of high, medium, and low and to turn the
heated seatback off. Indicator bars next to the
symbol designate the level of heat selected:
three for high, two for medium, and one for low.
10
entire seat, press the bottom button with the
heated seat and seatback symbol.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings
of high, medium, and low and to turn the
heated seat off. Indicator bars next to the symbol
designate the level of heat selected: three for
high, two for medium, and one for low.
The heated seats will be canceled ten seconds
after the ignition is turned off. If you want to
use the heated seat feature after you restart the
vehicle, you will need to press the appropriate
heated seat button again.
If your vehicle has heated and cooled seats, see
Heated and Cooled Seats on page 11.
Heated and Cooled Seats
If the front seats have
the heated and cooled
seat feature, the
buttons used to control
this feature are
located on the climate
control panel.
+ (Heated Seatback): To heat only the
seatback, press the button with the heated
seatback symbol.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings
of high, medium, and low and to turn the
heated seatback off. Indicator bars next to the
symbol designate the level of heat selected:
three for high, two for medium, and one for low.
z (Heated Seat and Seatback): To heat
the entire seat, press the button with the heated
seat and seatback symbol.
{ (Cooled Seat): To cool the entire seat, press
the button with the cooled seat symbol.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings of
high, medium, and low and to turn the cooled seat
off. Indicator bars next to the symbol designate the
level of cooling selected: three for high, two for
medium, and one for low.
This symbol will appear on the climate control
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings
of high, medium, and low and to turn the
heated seat off. Indicator bars next to the symbol
designate the level of heat selected: three for
high, two for medium, and one for low.
The heated and cooled seats will be canceled
after the ignition is turned off. If you want to use
the heated and cooled seat feature after you
restart your vehicle, you will need to press
the appropriate seat button again.
11
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals
Your vehicle has the memory package.
The controls for this
feature are located on
the driver’s door, and are
used to program and
recall memory settings
for the driver’s seat,
outside mirrors, and the
adjustable throttle and
brake pedal feature, if
your vehicle has it.
To save your positions in memory, do the
following:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat, including the seatback
recliner and lumbar, both outside mirrors, and
the throttle and brake pedals to a comfortable
position.
12
See Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors on
page 149 and Adjustable Throttle and Brake
Pedal on page 128 for more information.
Not all mirrors will have the ability to save and
recall the mirror positions.
2. Press and hold button 1 until two beeps let
you know that the position has been stored.
A second seating, mirror, and throttle and brake
pedal position can be programmed by repeating
the above steps and pressing button 2.
To recall the memory positions, the vehicle must be
in PARK (P). Press and release either button 1 or
button 2 corresponding to the desired driving
position. The seat, outside mirrors, and adjustable
throttle and brake pedals will move to the position
previously stored. You will hear a single beep.
If you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
enter your vehicle and the remote recall memory
feature is on, automatic seat, mirror, and
adjustable pedal movement will occur. See
“MEMORY SEAT RECALL” under DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 257 for more information.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature
at any time, press one of the power seat controls,
memory buttons, power mirror buttons, or
adjustable pedal switch.
If something has blocked the driver’s seat and/or
the adjustable pedals while recalling a memory
position, the driver’s seat and/or the adjustable
pedals recall may stop working. If this happens,
remove the obstruction and press the appropriate
function control for two seconds. Then try
recalling the memory position again by pressing
the appropriate memory button. If the memory
position is still not recalling, see your dealer
for service.
Easy Exit Seat
The control for this feature is located on the
driver’s door between buttons 1 and 2.
With the vehicle in PARK (P), the exit position can
be recalled by pressing the exit button. You will
hear a single beep. The driver’s seat will
move back.
If the easy exit seat feature is on in the Driver
Information Center (DIC), automatic seat
movement will occur when the key is removed
from the ignition. See “EASY EXIT SEAT” under
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 257 for
more information.
Further programming for the memory seat feature
can be done using the DIC. You can select the
automatic easy exit seat feature or the remote
memory seat recall feature.
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 257.
13
Power Reclining Seatbacks
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control, Power
Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
The controls for the power reclining seatback are
located on the outboard side of the front seats
behind the power seat control.
• To recline the seatback, tilt the top of the
control rearward.
• To bring the seatback forward, tilt the top of
the control forward.
14
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your
vehicle is in motion can be dangerous.
Even if you buckle up, your safety belts
cannot do their job when you are reclined
like this.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Head Restraints
The shoulder belt cannot do its job. In a
crash, you could go into it, receiving neck
or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at your pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is
in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear
your safety belt properly.
Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
Your vehicle has a memory function which allows
seat settings to be saved and recalled. See
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 12.
Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the
restraint is at the same height as the top of
the occupant’s head. This position reduces the
chance of a neck injury in a crash.
15
Pull the head restraint
up to raise it. To lower
the head restraint,
press the release
button (A), located on
the top of the seatback,
while you push the
head restraint down.
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
The rear seat is a 60/40 split bench seat that can
be folded to give you more cargo space and
access to the folding midgate. See Midgate® on
page 104 for more information on operation of the
folding midgate.
To fold either side of the seat do the following:
1. Push the rear seat head restraints all the
way down.
The front seats may have head restraints that also
tilt forward and rearward.
To tilt the head restraint, grasp the top of the
restraint while pressing the button (B), located
on the inboard side of the head restraint,
and move it forward or rearward until the desired
locking position is reached. Try to move the
head restraint after the button is released to make
sure that it is locked in place.
The second row seats may have head restraints
that can be adjusted up and down, but they
do not tilt.
16
2. Pull the seat loop
located where the
seatback and seat
cushion meet. The
seat cushion will
release and allow
you to tilt it toward
the front of the
vehicle.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed,
not properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that
the safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
{CAUTION:
3. Fold the seatback forward until it is flat. You
may have to move the front seats forward
slightly to do this.
4. Repeat the procedure for the other side.
To return the seats to the normal position, push
the seatback up and fold the seat cushion down.
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always be sure to press the
rear of the seat cushion down. This action
locks the seatback in place.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it is
locked. Raise the head restraint.
17
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use
safety belts properly. It also tells you some things
you should not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she
cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you
are in a crash and you are not wearing a
safety belt, your injuries can be much
worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured or killed. In the same
crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety
belt, and check that your passengers’
belts are fastened properly too.
18
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a
cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle.
In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or
killed. Do not allow people to ride in any
area of your vehicle that is not equipped
with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and
using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has indicators to remind you and
your passengers to buckle your safety belts. See
Safety Belt Reminder Light on page 228 and
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light on
page 228.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the
law says to wear safety belts. Here is why:
They work.
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you
do have a crash, you do not know if it will be a
bad one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast
as it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can
be so serious that even buckled up, a person
would not survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people who buckle up
can survive and sometimes walk away. Without
belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 40 years of safety belts in
vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a
seat on wheels.
19
Put someone on it.
20
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The
rider does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by
something. In a real vehicle, it could be the
windshield...
or the instrument panel...
21
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a
safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a
safety belt, even if you are upside down. And
your chance of being conscious during and
after an accident, so you can unbuckle and get
out, is much greater if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I
have to wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle
does. You get more time to stop. You stop
over more distance, and your strongest bones
take the forces. That is why safety belts
make such good sense.
22
A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will be
in most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts — not instead of them. Every
airbag system ever offered for sale has
required the use of safety belts. Even if you are
in a vehicle that has airbags, you still have to
buckle up to get the most protection. That is
true not only in frontal collisions, but especially
in side and other collisions.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive
far from home, why should I wear
safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are
in an accident — even one that is not your
fault — you and your passengers can be hurt.
Being a good driver does not protect you
from things beyond your control, such as bad
drivers.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there
are different rules for smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding in your vehicle, see
Older Children on page 39 or Infants and Young
Children on page 42. Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of
less than 40 mph (65 km/h).
First, you will want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
Safety belts are for everyone.
Driver Position
We will start with the driver position.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To
see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
23
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the
height that is right for you. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash. See
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment on page 30.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull
the belt across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure. If the belt is not long enough,
see Safety Belt Extender on page 38.
24
6. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of the body are
best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or
crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the
retractor.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide under
the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries.
25
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
26
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a
crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at the pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into the buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
27
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear
the shoulder belt under your arm. In a
crash, your body would move too far
forward, which would increase the chance
of head and neck injury. Also, the belt
would apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm.
It should be worn over the shoulder at
all times.
28
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you would not have the
full width of the belt to spread impact
forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight
so it can work properly, or ask your dealer
to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
29
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should
be away from your face and neck, but not falling
off your shoulder. Improper shoulder belt height
adjustment could reduce the effectiveness of the
safety belt in a crash.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the
buckle. The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out
of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can
damage both the belt and your vehicle.
To move it down,
squeeze the buttons (A)
on the sides of the
height adjuster
and move the height
adjuster to the desired
position.
You can move the adjuster up just by pushing up
on the shoulder belt guide.
After you move the adjuster to where you want it,
try to move it down without squeezing the
buttons to make sure it has locked into position.
30
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely
to be seriously injured if they do not wear
safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it
is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt
in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone,
the key to making safety belts effective is wearing
them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see Driver Position on
page 23.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt — except
for one thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion
of the belt out all the way, you will engage the
child restraint locking feature which may turn off
the passenger’s frontal airbag. If this happens, just
let the belt go back all the way and start again.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder
belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as
possible, below the rounding, throughout the
pregnancy.
31
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It is very important for rear seat passengers to
buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted
people in the rear seat are hurt more often in
crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
All rear seat positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here is how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted
can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And
they can strike others in the vehicle who are
wearing safety belts.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull
the belt across you more slowly.
32
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the
way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the
way and start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 38.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder part.
33
The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of the body are
best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a
crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of
the retractor.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide under
the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries.
34
There is one guide for each rear passenger
position in the rear seat. Here is how to install a
comfort guide to the shoulder belt:
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides may provide
added safety belt comfort for older children
who have outgrown booster seats and for some
adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the
comfort guide positions the belt away from
the neck and head.
Outboard Position shown
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on
the side of the seatback for the outboard
positions. For the center position, remove the
guide from its storage pocket on the side
of the seatback.
35
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The
elastic cord must be under the belt. Then,
place the guide over the belt, and insert the
two edges of the belt into the slots of the
guide.
36
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies
flat. The elastic cord must be under the belt
and the guide on top.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn
may not provide the protection needed in
a crash. The person wearing the belt
could be seriously injured. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of the body
are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
4. Buckle, position, and release the safety belt
as described in Rear Seat Passengers on
page 32. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guide, squeeze
the belt edges together so that you can take
them out of the guide. Slide the guide into
its storage pocket on the side of the seatback.
37
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Safety Belt Extender
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the
driver and right front passenger. Although you
cannot see them, they are located on the retractor
part of the safety belts. They help the safety
belts reduce a person’s forward movement in a
moderate to severe frontal, near frontal, rear
or side crash, or a rollover.
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate
in a crash, you will need to get new ones,
and probably other new parts for your safety belt
system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash on page 87.
38
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer
will order you an extender. When you go in to
order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. To
help avoid personal injury, do not let someone else
use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to
fit. The extender has been designed for adults.
Never use it for securing child seats. To wear it,
just attach it to the regular safety belt. For
more information see the instruction sheet that
comes with the extender.
Child Restraints
Q: What is the proper way to wear
safety belts?
Older Children
A: An older child should wear a lap-shoulder belt
and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt
can provide. The shoulder belt should not
cross the face or neck. The lap belt should
fit snugly below the hips, just touching the top
of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe
or even fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need
to use safety belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats
should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
39
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder
belt, but the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is very close to the child’s
face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
If the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. Also see Rear Safety Belt
Comfort Guides on page 35. In either case, be
sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper
body would have the restraint that belts
provide.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The belt can not properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two children
can be crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by only
one person at a time.
40
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the
belt in this way, in a crash the child might
slide under the belt. The belt’s force
would then be applied right on the child’s
abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs.
This applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in
a crash.
41
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This
includes infants and all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and size of the
traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use
safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state
in the United States and in every Canadian
province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Never leave children
unattended in a vehicle and never allow
children to play with the safety belts.
42
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have the protection provided
by appropriate restraints. Young children should
not use the vehicle’s adult safety belts alone,
unless there is no other choice. Instead, they need
to use a child restraint.
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby
does not weigh much — until a crash.
During a crash a baby will become so
heavy it is not possible to hold it. For
example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will
suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force
on a person’s arms. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
adults and older children, but not for
young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer protection for
CAUTION:
(Continued)
43
Q: What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
{CAUTION:
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s
weight, height, and age but also whether or not
the restraint will be compatible with the motor
vehicle in which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there
are many different models available. When
purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is
designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it is,
the restraint will have a label saying that it
meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
44
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn
infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs
so much compared with the rest of its
body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing
seat settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the
back and shoulders. Infants always
should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is
quite unlike that of an adult or older child,
for whom the safety belts are designed. A
young child’s hip bones are still so small
that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may
not remain low on the hip bones, as it
should. Instead, it may settle up around
the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt
would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This
alone could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Young children always should be secured
in appropriate child restraints.
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant’s
head rests toward the center of the vehicle.
45
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint
with the seating surface against the back of the
infant. The harness system holds the infant
in place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant
positioned in the restraint.
46
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint
for the child’s body with the harness and also
sometimes with surfaces such as T-shaped
or shelf-like shields.
Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed
for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or
position children. A built-in child restraint
system is a permanent part of the motor
vehicle. An add-on child restraint system is a
portable one, which is purchased by the
vehicle’s owner. To help reduce injuries, an
add-on child restraint must be secured in
the vehicle. With built-in or add-on child
restraints, the child has to be secured within
the child restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed
to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt
system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt
positioner, and some high-back booster seats
have a five-point harness. A booster seat can also
help a child to see out the window.
When choosing an add-on child restraint, be
sure the child restraint is designed to be
used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label
saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Then follow the instructions
for the restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both.
47
Securing an Add-on Child Restraint in
the Vehicle
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child restraint is not
properly secured in the vehicle. Make sure
the child restraint is properly installed in
the vehicle using the vehicle’s safety
belt or LATCH system, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
To help reduce the chance of injury, the child
restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child
restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats
by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder
belt, or by the LATCH system. See Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on
page 51 for more information. A child can
be endangered in a crash if the child restraint is
not properly secured in the vehicle.
48
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to
the instructions that come with the restraint
which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet,
or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not
available, obtain a replacement copy from the
manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Securing the Child Within the
Child Restraint
There are several systems for securing the child
within the child restraint. One system, the
three-point harness, has straps that come down
over each of the infant’s shoulders and buckle
together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps, and
a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against
the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child is not properly
secured in the child restraint. Make sure
the child is properly secured, following
the instructions that came with that
restraint.
Because there are different systems, it is important
to refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint. A child can be endangered in a crash if
the child is not properly secured in the child
restraint.
49
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding
in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in
a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. Be sure the airbag is off
before using a rear-facing child restraint in
the passenger’s position.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in
the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
CAUTION:
50
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to
secure the child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
The LATCH system holds a child restraint during
driving or in a crash. This system is designed
to make installation of a child restraint easier. The
LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle and
attachments on the child restraint that are made for
use with the LATCH system.
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint
is properly installed using the anchors, or use the
vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with that
restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.
When installing a child restraint with a top tether,
you must also use either the lower anchors or the
safety belts to properly secure the child restraint. A
child restraint must never be installed using only the
top tether and anchor.
51
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint that has LATCH
attachments. The child restraint manufacturer
will provide you with instructions on how to use the
child restraint and its attachments. The following
explains how to attach a child restraint with these
attachments in your vehicle.
Lower Anchors
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints
have lower anchors and attachments or top tether
anchors and attachments.
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the
vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each
LATCH seating position that will accommodate a
child restraint with lower attachments (B).
52
Top Tether Anchor
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A)
or a dual tether (C). Either will have a single
attachment (B) to secure the top tether to
the anchor.
Some child restraints that have top tethers are
designed for use with or without the top tether
being attached. Others require the top tether
always to be attached. In Canada, the law
requires that forward-facing child restraints have
a top tether, and that the tether be attached.
In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top tether. Be sure to read and follow
the instructions for your child restraint.
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child
restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built
into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B)
on the child restraint connects to the top tether
anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward
movement and rotation of the child restraint
during driving or in a crash.
If the child restraint does not have a top tether,
one can be obtained, in kit form, for many
child restraints. Ask the child restraint
manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.
53
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
j (Lower Anchor):
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
Rear Seat
The right side rear passenger and center seating
positions have exposed metal anchors located
in the crease between the seatback and the seat
cushion.
54
The top tether anchors are located on the back of
the rear seat frame above the floor for each rear
seating position. Fold down the rear seatback(s) to
access the anchors. See Rear Seat Operation on
page 16. Be sure to use an anchor located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed.
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger’s position if a national or local law
requires that the top tether be attached, or if the
instructions that come with the child restraint
say that the top tether must be attached. There is
no place to attach the top tether in this position.
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they are restrained in the rear rather than
the front seat. See Where to Put the Restraint on
page 50 for additional information.
55
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not
attached to anchors, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured
or killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type
child restraint is properly installed using
the anchors, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
56
{CAUTION:
Each top tether anchor and lower anchor
in the vehicle is designed to hold only
one child restraint. Attaching more than
one child restraint to a single anchor
could cause the anchor or attachment to
come loose or even break during a crash.
A child or others could be injured if this
happens. To help prevent injury to people
and damage to your vehicle, attach only
one child restraint per anchor.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Secure any unused
safety belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull the
shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock, if your vehicle has
one, after the child restraint has been
installed. Be sure to follow the instructions
of the child restraint manufacturer.
Notice: Contact between the child restraint or
the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s
safety belt assembly may cause damage to
these parts. Make sure when securing unused
safety belts behind the child restraint that
there is no contact between the child restraint
or the LATCH attachment parts and the
vehicle’s safety belt assembly.
Folding an empty rear seat with the safety
belts secured may cause damage to the safety
belt or the seat. When removing the child
restraint, always remember to return the safety
belts to their normal, stowed position before
folding the rear seat.
1. If the child restraint manufacturer recommends
that the top tether be attached, attach the
top tether to the top tether anchor, if there is
one. Refer to the child restraint instructions
and the following steps:
1.1. To access the top tether anchors, raise
the seat cushion by pulling up on the
strap loop at the rear of the seat
cushion and fold the seat cushion
forward. Then fold the seatback forward
until it is flat. See Rear Seat Operation
on page 16 for additional information.
1.2. Place the child restraint in the vehicle,
near the seating position that you
are using.
57
1.3. Route the top tether according to your
child restraint instructions and the
following instructions:
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and
you are using a
single tether, route
the tether over
the seatback.
If the position you are
using does not have a
head restraint and
you are using a
dual tether, route
the tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head restraint and
you are using a
dual tether, route the
tether around the
head restraint.
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head restraint and
you are using a
single tether, raise the
head restraint and
route the tether under
the head restraint and
in between the head
restraint posts.
1.4. Attach the top tether attachment to the
top tether anchor.
58
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
1.5. Lift the seatback up and push it
rearward. Then lower the seat cushion
until the seatback and the seat cushion
lock into position.
2. Attach the lower attachments to the lower
anchors. If the child restraint does not have
lower attachments or the desired seating
position does not have lower anchors, secure
the child restraint with the top tether and
the safety belts. Refer to your child restraint
manufacturer instructions and the instructions
in this manual.
2.1. Find the lower anchors for the desired
seating position.
2.2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2.3. Attach and tighten the lower attachments
on the child restraint to the lower
anchors.
3. Tighten the top tether.
4. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
59
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 51.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH
system, you will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be
sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. If your child restraint manufacturer
recommends using a top tether, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor.
Refer to the instructions that came with the
child restraint and see Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 51.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
60
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
61
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing
system. The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag when an infant in a rear-facing infant
seat or a small child in a forward-facing child
restraint or booster seat is detected. See
Passenger Sensing System on page 78 and
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 230
for more information on this including important
safety information.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
airbag. A rear seat is a safer place to secure a
forward-facing child restraint. See Where to
Put the Restraint on page 50.
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a
rear-facing child seat in the front.” This is because
the risk to the rear-facing child is so great, if the
airbag deploys.
To remove the child restraint, unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be ready
to work for an adult or larger child passenger. If the
top tether is attached to the top tether anchor,
disconnect it.
62
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. Be sure the airbag is off
before using a rear-facing child restraint
in the passenger’s position.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat position, move the
seat as far back as it will go before securing
the forward-facing child restraint. See Power Seats
on page 8.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
63
If your child restraint has the LATCH system,
see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 51.
There is no top tether anchor at the right front
seating position. Do not secure a child seat in this
position if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the
top tether must be anchored. See Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 51
if the child restraint has a top tether.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure
the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
frontal airbag. See Passenger Sensing System
on page 78. We recommend that rear-facing
child restraints be secured in a rear seat, even
if the airbag is off. If your child restraint is
forward-facing, move the seat as far back as it
will go before securing the child restraint in this
seat. See Power Seats on page 8.
When the passenger sensing system has
turned off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag, the off indicator in the passenger airbag
status indicator should light and stay lit when
you turn the ignition to RUN or START. See
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on
page 230.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
64
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
65
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
8. If the airbag is off, the off indicator will come
on and stay on when the key is turned to
RUN or START.
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall
the child restraint.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt, and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt. You should not be able
to pull more of the belt from the retractor
once the lock has been set.
66
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in
the child restraint in a rear seat position in
the vehicle and check with your dealer.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be
ready to work for an adult or larger child
passenger.
Airbag System
Your vehicle has a frontal airbag for the driver
and a frontal airbag for the right front passenger.
Your vehicle also has roof-mounted side impact
airbags designed for either side impact or rollover
deployment. Roof-mounted side impact airbags
are available for the driver and the passenger
seated directly behind the driver and for the right
front passenger and the passenger seated
directly behind that passenger.
For roof-mounted rollover airbags, the word
AIRBAG will appear on the airbag covering on
the headliner above the sidewall trim near
the driver’s and right front passenger’s window
and the rear passenger’s outside seating positions.
Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal airbag.
But these airbags must inflate very quickly to do
their job and comply with federal regulations.
67
Here are the most important things to know about
the airbag system:
(Continued)
less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful airbags have provided in
the past.
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a
crash if you are not wearing your safety
belt — even if you have airbags. Wearing
your safety belt during a crash helps
reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. All airbags are designed
to work with safety belts but do not
replace them.
Frontal airbags for the driver and right
front passenger are designed to deploy in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
crashes. They are not designed to inflate
in rollover, rear crashes, or in many side
crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal airbags may provide
CAUTION:
68
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Roof-mounted rollover airbags are
designed to inflate in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of
your vehicle, during a vehicle rollover, or
in a severe frontal impact. They are not
designed to inflate in rear crashes. If your
vehicle has roof-mounted airbags, they
are designed to provide both side impact
protection and rollover protection.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a
safety belt properly — whether or not
there is an airbag for that person.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and roof-mounted side impact
airbags inflate with great force, faster than
the blink of an eye. If you are too close to
an inflating airbag, as you would be if you
were leaning forward, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for airbag inflation before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while
still maintaining control of the vehicle.
Occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door.
Anyone who is up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags
plus lap-shoulder belts offer the best
protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s
safety belt system nor its airbag system is
designed for them. Young children and
infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle.
To read how, see Older Children on
page 39 or Infants and Young Children
on page 42.
69
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the
airbag symbol.
Where Are the Airbags?
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 229 for more information.
The driver’s airbag is in the middle of the steering
wheel.
70
The right front passenger’s airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The roof-mounted rollover airbag for the driver and
the person seated directly behind the driver is
located in the ceiling above the side windows.
71
{CAUTION:
The roof-mounted rollover airbag for the right front
passenger and the person directly behind that
passenger is located in the ceiling above the side
windows.
72
If something is between an occupant and
an airbag, the bag might not inflate
properly or it might force the object into
that person causing severe injury or even
death. The path of an inflating airbag
must be kept clear. Do not put anything
between an occupant and an airbag, and
do not attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any
other airbag covering. And, if your vehicle
has roof-mounted side impact airbags,
never secure anything to the roof of your
vehicle by routing the rope or tie down
through any door or window opening. If
you do, the path of an inflating side
impact airbag will be blocked. The path of
an inflating airbag must be kept clear.
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal crashes. But they are
designed to inflate only if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment
thresholds take into account a variety of desired
deployment and non-deployment events and are
used to predict how severe a crash is likely to be in
time for the airbags to inflate and help restrain the
occupants. Whether your frontal airbags will or
should deploy is not based on how fast your vehicle
is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit, the
direction of the impact and how quickly your vehicle
slows down.
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal
airbags, which adjust the restraint according to
crash severity. Your vehicle has electronic frontal
sensors, which help the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. For moderate frontal impacts,
these airbags inflate at a level less than full
deployment. For more severe frontal impacts, full
deployment occurs. If the front of your vehicle goes
straight into a wall that does not move or deform,
the threshold level for the reduced deployment
is about 9 to 16 mph (14 to 26 km/h), and the
threshold level for a full deployment is about
18 to 25 mph (29 to 40 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so
that it can be somewhat above or below this range.
73
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash
speeds. For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits an object that
does not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole)
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object
(like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle goes straight into the
object.
The frontal airbags (driver and right front
passenger) are not intended to inflate during
vehicle rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side
impacts.
74
Your vehicle has a seat position sensor which
enables the sensing system to monitor the
fore and aft position of the driver’s seat. Seat
position sensors provide information that is used
to determine if the airbags should deploy at a
reduced level or at full deployment.
Your vehicle has roof-mounted rollover airbags
and a rollover sensor. See Airbag System on
page 67. These “rollover capable” airbags
are intended to inflate in moderate to severe side
crashes, during a rollover or in a severe frontal
impact. A roof-mounted rollover airbag will inflate if
the crash severity is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” The threshold level can vary
with specific vehicle design. Roof-mounted rollover
airbags are not intended to inflate in rear
impacts. Both roof-mounted rollover airbags will
deploy when either side of the vehicle is struck or
during a rollover, or in a severe frontal impact.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether
an airbag should have inflated simply because
of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the
repair costs were. For frontal airbags, inflation is
determined by what the vehicle hits, the angle
of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle
slows down. For roof-mounted rollover airbags,
inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact or a rollover event.
The airbag system is designed to work properly
under a wide range of conditions, including off-road
usage. Observe safe driving speeds, especially
on rough terrain. As always, wear your safety belt.
See Off-Road Driving on page 339 for tips on
off-road driving.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is
in a crash. In the case of a roof-mounted rollover
airbag, the sensing system detects that the
vehicle is about to roll over or has been in a severe
frontal impact or a moderate to severe side
impact. The sensing system triggers a release of
gas from the inflator, which inflates the airbag.
The inflator, airbag, and related hardware are all
part of the airbag modules inside the steering
wheel and in the instrument panel in front of
the right front passenger. For vehicles with
roof-mounted rollover airbags, the airbag modules
are located in the ceiling of the vehicle, near
the side windows.
75
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal
collisions, even belted occupants can contact
the steering wheel or the instrument panel.
In moderate to severe side collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the inside of the vehicle.
The airbag supplements the protection provided by
safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
the frontal airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including rollovers, rear
impacts, and many side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward the airbag.
Roof-mounted rollover airbags would not help
you in many types of collisions, including many
frontal or near frontal collisions, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not
toward the airbag. Airbags should never be
regarded as anything more than a supplement
to safety belts, and then only in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for the
driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal airbags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions
for roof-mounted rollover airbags.
76
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates?
After a frontal airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so
quickly that some people may not even realize
an airbag inflated. Roof-mounted rollover airbags
are designed to deflate more slowly and may
still be at least partially inflated minutes after the
vehicle comes to rest. Some components of
the airbag module — the steering wheel hub for
the driver’s airbag, the instrument panel for
the right front passenger’s airbag, and the area
along the ceiling of the vehicle near the side
windows for vehicles with roof–mounted side
impact airbags — may be hot for a short time.
The parts of the airbag that come into contact with
you may be warm, but not too hot to touch.
There will be some smoke and dust coming from
the vents in the deflated airbags. Airbag inflation
does not prevent the driver from seeing out of the
windshield or being able to steer the vehicle,
nor does it prevent people from leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there is dust in
the air. This dust could cause breathing
problems for people with a history of
asthma or other breathing trouble. To
avoid this, everyone in the vehicle should
get out as soon as it is safe to do so. If
you have breathing problems but cannot
get out of the vehicle after an airbag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience
breathing problems following an airbag
deployment, you should seek medical
attention.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the
airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle
deformation. Additional windshield breakage
may also occur from the right front passenger
airbag.
Your vehicle has a feature that may automatically
unlock the doors, turn the interior lamps on
and flash the hazard warning flashers when the
airbags inflate. You can lock the doors again, turn
the interior lamps off and turn off the hazard
warning flashers by using the controls for those
features.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once. After
an airbag inflates, you will need some new
parts for your airbag system. If you do not get
them, the airbag system will not be there to help
protect you in another crash. A new system will
include airbag modules and possibly other
parts. The service manual for your vehicle
covers the need to replace other parts.
• Your vehicle has a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information
after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Recorders on page 555.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your
airbag systems. Improper service can mean
that an airbag system will not work properly.
See your dealer for service.
77
Passenger Sensing System
Your vehicle has a passenger sensing system.
The passenger airbag status indicator on the
overhead console will be visible when you turn
your ignition key to RUN or START. The words ON
and OFF or the symbol for on and off, will be
visible during the system check. When the system
check is complete, either the word ON or the
word OFF, or the symbol for on or the symbol for
off will be visible. See Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 230.
United States
Canada
The passenger sensing system will turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag under certain
conditions. The driver’s airbags are not part of
the passenger sensing system.
The passenger sensing system works with
sensors that are part of the right front passenger’s
seat and safety belt. The sensors are designed
to detect the presence of a properly-seated
occupant and determine if the passenger’s airbag
should be enabled (may inflate) or not.
78
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding
in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat, and an older child riding
in a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
inflating airbag. Be sure the airbag is off
before using a rear-facing child restraint
in the passenger’s position.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
79
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn
off the right front passenger’s airbag if:
• the right front passenger seat is unoccupied
• the system determines that an infant is present
in a rear-facing infant seat
• the system determines that a small child is
present in a forward-facing child restraint
• the system determines that a small child is
present in a booster seat
• a right front passenger takes his/her weight off
of the seat for a period of time
80
• the right front passenger seat is occupied by a
smaller person, such as a child who has
outgrown child restraints
• or if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
When the passenger sensing system has turned
off the passenger’s airbag, the off indicator will light
and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is off.
If a child restraint has been installed and the
on indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the
child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall
the child restraint following the child restraint
manufacturer’s directions and refer to Securing a
Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position
on page 62.
If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion.
If this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the
vehicle and check with your dealer.
The passenger sensing system is designed to
enable (may inflate) the right front passenger’s
airbag anytime the system senses that a person
of adult size is sitting properly in the right front
passenger’s seat. When the passenger sensing
system has allowed the airbag to be enabled, the
on indicator will light and stay lit to remind you
that the airbag is active.
For some children who have outgrown child
restraints and for very small adults, the passenger
sensing system may or may not turn off the right
front passenger’s airbag, depending upon the
person’s seating posture and body build. Everyone
in your vehicle who has outgrown child restraints
should wear a safety belt properly — whether or not
there is an airbag for that person.
81
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat, but the off indicator is lit, it
could be because that person is not sitting properly
in the seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle off
and ask the person to place the seatback in
the fully upright position, then sit upright in the
seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the
person’s legs comfortably extended. Restart the
vehicle and have the person remain in this position
for about two minutes. This will allow the system
to detect that person and then enable the
passenger’s airbag.
82
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the
instrument panel cluster ever comes on
and stays on, it means that something may
be wrong with the airbag system. If this
ever happens, have the vehicle serviced
promptly, because an adult-size person
sitting in the right front passenger’s seat
may not have the protection of the frontal
airbag. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 229 for more on this, including
important safety information.
Stowing of articles under the passenger’s
seat or between the passenger’s seat
cushion and seatback may interfere with
the proper operation of the passenger
sensing system.
Aftermarket equipment, such as seat covers, can
affect how well the passenger sensing system
operates. You may want to consider not using seat
covers or other aftermarket equipment if your
vehicle has the passenger sensing system. See
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 85 for more information about
modifications that can affect how the system
operates.
83
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be
serviced. There are parts of the airbag system in
several places around your vehicle. You do
not want the system to inflate while someone is
working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the
service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a
service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 562.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key
is turned off and the battery is
disconnected, an airbag can still inflate
during improper service. You can be
injured if you are close to an airbag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They
are probably part of the airbag system. Be
sure to follow proper service procedures,
and make sure the person performing
work for you is qualified to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.
84
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front
A: Changing or moving any parts of the
or sides of the vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your
vehicle’s frame, bumper system, height,
front end or side sheet metal, they may keep
the airbag system from working properly.
Also, the airbag system may not work properly
if you relocate any of the airbag sensors. If
you have any questions about this, you should
contact Customer Assistance before you
modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in
Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 542.
my vehicle modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my airbag system?
front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing
and diagnostic module, rollover sensor
module, instrument panel, steering wheel,
ceiling headliner, ceiling and pillar garnish trim,
roof-mounted rollover airbag modules, or
airbag wiring can affect the operation of the
airbag system. If you have questions, call
Customer Assistance. The phone numbers
and addresses for Customer Assistance are
in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 542.
85
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates,
retractors and anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have
it repaired. Keep safety belts clean and dry.
See Care of Safety Belts on page 500 for more
information.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in
a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag
covers, and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
86
Notice: If you damage the covering for the
driver’s or the right front passenger’s airbag,
or the side impact airbag covering on the
ceiling near the side windows, the airbag may
not work properly. You may have to replace
the airbag module in the steering wheel, both
the airbag module and the instrument panel
for the right front passenger’s airbag, or
side impact airbag module and ceiling covering
for roof-mounted rollover airbags. Do not
open or break the airbag coverings.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems
in your vehicle. A damaged restraint
system may not properly protect the
person using it, resulting in serious injury
or even death in a crash. To help make
sure your restraint systems are working
properly after a crash, have them inspected
and any necessary replacements made as
soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be
necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they
would be if worn during a more severe crash,
then you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a
more severe crash, you may need new LATCH
system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.
Collision damage also may mean you will need to
have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts
repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may
be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system
was not being used at the time of the collision.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system
earlier in this section.
If the frontal airbags inflate you will also need to
replace the driver and front passenger’s safety belt
retractor assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the
new retractor assembly will be there to help protect
you in a collision.
After a crash you may need to replace the driver
and front passenger’s safety belt retractor
assemblies, even if the frontal airbags have not
deployed. The driver and front passenger’s safety
belt retractor assemblies contain the safety belt
pretensioners. Have your safety belt pretensioners
checked if your vehicle has been in a collision, or if
your airbag readiness light stays on after you start
your vehicle or while you are driving. See Airbag
Readiness Light on page 229.
87
✍ NOTES
88
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys .............................................................. 91
Remote Keyless Entry System .................... 92
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation .... 93
Doors and Locks ........................................ 101
Door Locks ................................................ 101
Power Door Locks ..................................... 102
Delayed Locking ........................................ 102
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ........ 102
Rear Door Security Locks ......................... 103
Lockout Protection ..................................... 103
Midgate® ................................................... 104
Tailgate ..................................................... 114
Power Running Boards .............................. 114
Windows ...................................................... 115
Power Windows ........................................ 116
Sun Visors ................................................ 117
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................. 117
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................. 118
PASS-Key® III+ ......................................... 120
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ......................... 121
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ......... 123
New Vehicle Break-In ................................ 123
Ignition Positions ....................................... 124
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ............. 125
Starting the Engine .................................... 126
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal .......... 128
Engine Coolant Heater .............................. 128
Automatic Transmission Operation ............. 129
Tow/Haul Mode ......................................... 135
Parking Brake ........................................... 136
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................. 138
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................. 140
Parking Over Things That Burn ................. 140
Engine Exhaust ......................................... 141
Running the Engine While Parked ............. 142
Mirrors ......................................................... 143
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
Intellibeam™, OnStar®, Compass, and
Temperature Display .............................. 143
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
OnStar®, Compass and Temperature
Display ................................................... 145
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors ............... 149
89
Section 2
Features and Controls
OnStar® System .......................................... 152
Universal Home Remote System ................ 154
Universal Home Remote System
(With Three Round LED) ....................... 154
Universal Home Remote System
(With One Triangular LED) ..................... 155
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED) ....... 156
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With One Triangular LED) ..... 162
90
Storage Areas ............................................. 165
Glove Box ................................................. 165
Cupholder(s) .............................................. 166
Instrument Panel Storage Area .................. 166
Center Console Storage Area .................... 166
Luggage Carrier ........................................ 166
Rear Seat Armrest .................................... 168
Cargo Cover Panels .................................. 168
All-Weather Cargo Area ............................. 181
Top-Box Storage ....................................... 186
Sunroof ....................................................... 187
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons. They could operate the power
windows or other controls or even make
the vehicle move. The children or others
could be badly injured or even killed. Do
not leave the keys in a vehicle with
children.
91
Your vehicle has one
double-sided key for the
ignition, door locks,
tailgate, and side
storage boxes.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry
Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
If you ever lose your keys, your dealer will be able
to assist you with obtaining replacements.
In an emergency contact Cadillac Roadside
Service®. See Roadside Service on page 548 for
more information.
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
92
At times you may notice a decrease in operating
range. This is normal for any remote keyless entry
system. If the transmitter does not work or if you
have to stand closer to your vehicle for the
transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from
your vehicle. You may need to stand closer
during rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects
may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps
to the left or right, hold the transmitter
higher, and try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement”
under Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 93.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer
or a qualified technician for service.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
The vehicle’s doors can be locked and unlocked
from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 65 feet (20 m)
away with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature you
can also start your vehicle with the RKE
transmitter. The RKE transmitter, with the remote
start button, provides an increased operating
range of 195 feet (60 m) away. However,
the operating range may be less while the vehicle
is running. As a result, you may need to be
closer to your vehicle to turn it off than you were
to start it.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter. See Remote
Keyless Entry System on page 92.
93
You will have one of the RKE transmitters below.
With Remote Start
(Without Remote Start
Similar)
With Remote Start
(Without Remote Start
Similar)
The following functions may be available if your
vehicle has the RKE system:
/ (Remote Vehicle Start): If your vehicle has
this feature, it may be started from outside
the vehicle using the RKE transmitter. See
“Remote Vehicle Start” following for more detailed
information.
94
Q (Lock): Press the lock button to lock all the
doors, including the tailgate. If enabled through the
Driver Information Center (DIC), the parking
lamps will flash once to indicate locking has
occurred. If enabled through the DIC, the horn will
chirp when the lock button is pressed again
within five seconds of the previous press of the
lock button. See DIC Vehicle Customization
on page 257 for additional information. Pressing
the lock button may arm the content theft-deterrent
system. See Content Theft-Deterrent on
page 118.
" (Unlock): Press the unlock button to unlock the
driver’s door. If the button is pressed again
within five seconds, all remaining doors, including
the tailgate will unlock. The interior lamps will
come on and stay on for 20 seconds or until the
ignition is turned on. If enabled through the
DIC, the parking lamps will flash once to indicate
unlocking has occurred. See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 257. Pressing the unlock
button on the RKE transmitter will disarm the
content theft-deterrent system. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 118.
L (Vehicle Locator/Panic Alarm): Press and
release this button to locate your vehicle. The turn
signal lamps will flash and the horn will sound
three times. Press and hold this button for more
than two seconds to activate the panic alarm.
The turn signal lamps will flash and the horn will
sound repeatedly for 30 seconds. The alarm
will turn off when the ignition is moved to RUN or
the alarm button is pressed again. The ignition
must be in OFF for the panic alarm to work.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each RKE transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a
transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your GM dealer. Remember
to bring any additional transmitters so they
can also be re-coded to match the new transmitter.
Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter,
the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
The vehicle can have a maximum of eight
transmitters matched to it. See “Relearn Remote
Key” under DIC Operation and Displays on
page 243 for instructions on how to match RKE
transmitters to your vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your RKE
transmitter should last about four years.
The battery is weak if the transmitter will not work
at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it is probably time to change the battery.
The REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
message in the vehicle’s DIC will display if the
RKE transmitter battery is low. See “REPLACE
BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY” under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 248 for additional
information.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care
not to touch any of the circuitry. Static
from your body transferred to these surfaces
may damage the transmitter.
95
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing up.
Use a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent
type. Make sure the cover is on tightly,
so water will not get in.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with the
vehicle.
To replace the battery in this type of RKE
transmitter do the following:
1. Use a flat object with a thin edge into the
notch, located above the metal base, and
separate the bottom half from the top half of
the transmitter.
96
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing down.
Use a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent type.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together. Make sure the cover is on tightly, so
water will not get in.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with the
vehicle.
To replace the battery in this type of RKE
transmitter do the following:
1. Use a flat object with a thin edge into the
notch, located below the vehicle locator/panic
alarm button, and separate the bottom half
from the top half of the transmitter.
97
Remote Vehicle Start
Your vehicle may have a remote starting feature.
This feature allows you to start the engine
from outside of the vehicle. It may also start up
the vehicle’s heating or air conditioning systems
and rear window defogger. Normal operation of the
system will return after the key is turned to the
RUN position.
If your vehicle has an automatic climate control
system, during remote start, the climate control
system will default to a heating mode during colder
outside temperatures and a cooling mode during
warmer outside temperatures. If your vehicle
does not have an automatic climate control
system, during remote start, the climate control
system will turn on at the setting the vehicle was
set to when the vehicle was last turned off. If
your vehicle has heated seats, they will turn on
during colder outside temperatures and will shut off
when the key is turned to RUN.
98
Laws in some communities may restrict the use of
remote starters. For example, some laws may
require a person using the remote start to have the
vehicle in view when doing so. Check local
regulations for any requirements on remote starting
of vehicles.
Do not use the remote start feature if your vehicle
is low on fuel. Your vehicle may run out of fuel.
The RKE transmitter with the remote start button,
provides an increased range of operation.
However, the range may be less while the vehicle
is running. As a result, you may need to be
closer to your vehicle to turn it off, than you were
to turn it on.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter, see Remote
Keyless Entry System on page 92 for additional
information.
/ (Remote Start): Press and release the lock
button and then press and hold the remote
start button to start the vehicle.
To start the vehicle using the remote start feature,
do the following:
1. Aim the transmitter at the vehicle.
2. Press and release the transmitter’s lock
button, then immediately press and hold
the transmitter’s remote start button until the
turn signal lights flash. If you cannot see
the vehicle’s lights, press and hold the remote
start button for at least four seconds. The
vehicle’s doors will lock. Pressing the remote
start button again after the vehicle has
started will turn off the ignition.
When the vehicle starts, the parking lamps will
turn on and remain on while the vehicle is
running.
3. If it is the first remote start since the vehicle has
been driven, repeat Steps 1 and 2 while the
engine is running, to extend the time by
10 minutes for the engine to continue to run.
If the vehicle is left running it will automatically
shut off after 10 minutes unless a time extension
has been done.
To manually shut off a remote start, do any of the
following:
• Aim the RKE transmitter at the vehicle and
press the remote start button until the
parking lamps turn off.
• Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
• Turn the ignition switch on and then off.
The vehicle can be remote started two separate
times between driving sequences. The engine will
run for 10 minutes after each remote start.
Or, you can extend the engine run time by another
10 minutes within the first 10 minute remote
start time frame, and before the engine stops.
For example, if the lock button and then the
remote start buttons are pressed again after
the vehicle has been running for five minutes,
10 minutes are added, allowing the engine to run
for 15 minutes.
When you enter the vehicle during a remote start,
and the engine is still running, turn the key to
the RUN position to drive the vehicle.
99
The additional ten minutes are considered a
second remote vehicle start.
Once two remote starts, or a single remote start
with one time extension has been done, the
vehicle must be started with the key.
After the key is removed from the ignition, the
vehicle can be remote started again.
Remote Start Ready
If your vehicle does not have the remote vehicle
start feature, it may have the remote start
ready feature. This feature allows your dealer to
add the manufacturer’s remote vehicle start
feature.
The vehicle cannot be remote started if the key is
in the ignition, the hood is not closed, or if
there is an emission control system malfunction.
If your vehicle has the remote start ready feature,
the RKE transmitter will have an extended
range that allows locking or unlocking of the
vehicle from approximately 197 feet (60 m) away.
Also, the engine will turn off during a remote
vehicle start if the coolant temperature gets too
high or if the oil pressure gets low.
See your dealer if you would like to add the
manufacturer’s remote vehicle start feature to your
vehicle.
Vehicles that have the remote vehicle start feature
are shipped from the factory with the remote
vehicle start system enabled. The system may be
enabled or disabled through the DIC. See
“REMOTE START” under DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 257 for additional
information.
100
Doors and Locks
CAUTION:
Door Locks
(Continued)
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers, especially children, can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is
locked, the handle will not open it.
You increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if
the doors are not locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out.
A child can be overcome by extreme
heat and can suffer permanent injuries
or even death from heat stroke.
Always lock your vehicle whenever
you leave it.
CAUTION:
unlocked door when you slow down
or stop your vehicle. Locking your
doors can help prevent this from
happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock the
doors.
To lock or unlock the door from the outside, use
the remote keyless entry (RKE) transmitter or
the key.
To lock or unlock the door from the inside, slide
the manual lever up or down, or use the power
door locks switch.
(Continued)
101
Power Door Locks
The power door lock switches are located on the
armrest on the front doors.
K (Unlock): Press the side of the switch with the
unlock symbol to unlock the doors and tailgate.
Q (Lock): Press the side of the switch with
the lock symbol to lock the doors and tailgate.
Delayed Locking
When locking the doors with the power lock switch
or the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
and a door or the liftgate is open, the doors
will lock five seconds after the last door is closed.
You will hear three chimes to signal that the
delayed locking feature is in use.
Pressing the power lock switch or the lock button
on the RKE transmitter twice will override the
delayed locking feature and immediately lock all
the doors.
102
You can turn the delayed locking feature off or
back on again by doing the following:
1. Press and hold the power door lock switch in
the lock position.
2. Press unlock twice on the RKE transmitter.
This feature will not operate if the key is in
the ignition.
You can also program this feature using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “Door Lock
Delay” under DIC Vehicle Customization on
page 257.
Programmable Automatic Door
Locks
Your vehicle has an automatic lock/unlock feature
which enables you to program the vehicle’s
power door locks. You can program this feature
through the Driver Information Center (DIC).
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 257 for
more information on DIC programming.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle has rear door security locks. These
prevent passengers from opening the rear
doors from the inside.
The rear door security
locks are located on the
inside edge of each
rear door. You
must open the rear
doors to access them.
The label depicting
lock and unlock
positions is located near
the lock.
Security Lock Label
shown
To set the locks, do the following:
1. Insert the key into the security lock slot and
turn it so the slot is in the horizontal position.
When you want to open a rear door when the
security lock is on, do the following:
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless
entry transmitter, if the vehicle has one, the
power door lock switch, or by lifting the
rear door manual lock.
2. Open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the
following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Insert the key into the security lock slot
and turn it so the slot is in the vertical position.
Lockout Protection
This feature protects you from locking your key in
the vehicle when the key is in the ignition and
a door is open.
If the power lock switch is pressed when a door is
open and the key is in the ignition, all of the
doors will lock and then the driver’s door will
unlock.
2. Close the door.
103
Midgate®
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the
cargo area covered and the tailgate and
the Midgate® open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into your
vehicle. You can not see or smell CO. It
can cause unconsciousness and even
death. If you must drive with the cargo
covers on and the tailgate and Midgate®
open or if electrical wiring or other cable
CAUTION:
(Continued)
connections must pass through the seal
between the body and the Midgate®:
• Make sure all windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest speed
on the setting that brings in outside
air. This will force outside air into your
vehicle. See Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 219.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way. See Engine Exhaust on page 141.
(Continued)
Midgate® Operation
Your vehicle is equipped with a Midgate® and a
removable rear glass panel. The Midgate®
allows you to extend the length of your vehicle’s
cargo area.
104
The following are the main components of the
Midgate® system:
Rear Glass Removal and Storage
{CAUTION:
If the removable rear glass is not stored
properly, it could be thrown about the
vehicle in a crash or sudden maneuver.
People in the vehicle could be injured.
Whenever you store the rear glass in the
vehicle, always be sure that it is stored
securely in the Midgate® storage pocket.
Do not remove the rear glass when the rear
defroster is on. If you remove the rear glass with
the rear defroster on, you may see a discharge
spark coming from the latch area.
A. Latch Levers
B. Grab Handles
C. Glass-Catch
Release Button
D. Glass Lock
Knobs
E. Window Retaining Tabs
F. Midgate® Release
Handle
G. Window Alignment
Arrows
105
To remove the rear glass do the following:
1. Fold the rear seats. See Rear Seat Operation
on page 16 for more information. The front
seats may have to be moved forward slightly
to allow the rear seats to fold completely.
Although the rear glass can be removed
without folding the rear seats, you will not be
able to access the rear glass storage
pocket. Be sure to fold the seats before
removing the rear glass.
2. Squeeze and pull down the latch levers (A),
located near the upper corners of the rear
glass, to unlatch. Once unlatched, the
glass-catch release button (C) will catch the
rear glass and prevent it from falling forward.
3. While holding the rear glass in place, press
the glass-catch release button (C) and pull
the top of the rear glass toward you using the
grab handle(s) (B) located at the top of the
rear glass.
106
4. With the rear glass tilted toward you, lift it out
from the lower window frame channel. Use
the grab handles to assist you in removing the
rear glass.
5. Load the rear glass into the storage pocket in
the Midgate®, guiding the lower edge of the
rear glass behind the three rear glass retaining
tabs (E).
Hold the rear glass flat against the storage
pocket, with grab handles facing you, until the
next step.
107
6. Turn both glass lock knobs (D), located at
both top corners of the storage pocket, to
the locked position. Push in on the corner of
the rear glass to allow the lock knob to
engage more easily.
108
Once both glass lock knobs are in the locked
position, the rear glass is securely stored.
7. Push both latch levers up to the locked
position. You should hear a click when
each latch lever locks correctly.
The rear seats can be returned to the normal
position when the rear glass is out and
stored properly in the storage pocket.
Reinstalling the Rear Glass
To reinstall the rear glass, do the following:
1. Squeeze and pull down the latch levers (A),
located near the upper corners of the rear
glass, to unlatch.
3. Pull the rear glass out from the storage
pocket using the grab handles.
4. With the rear glass tilted at an angle, place
the bottom edge in the lower channel of the
window frame.
2. Hold the rear glass in place with one hand
and turn the glass lock knobs, located at
both top corners of the glass storage pocket,
to the unlocked position.
109
Be sure to align the rear
glass side-to-side using
the alignment
arrows (G).
5. Apply a firm downward pressure and then
push the rear glass flat against the window
frame. Use the grab handles at the top of the
rear glass to assist you.
110
6. Push the rear glass flat against the window
frame and push each latch lever up until it
locks. You should hear a click when each latch
lever locks correctly.
Lowering the Midgate® with the Rear
Glass in Place
The Midgate® can be lowered to allow the cargo
area of your vehicle to extend into the cab.
The rear glass can be either installed in its normal
position, or it can be removed and stored in the
rear glass storage pocket.
To lower the Midgate®, do the following:
1. Fold the rear seats. The front seats might
have to be moved forward slightly to allow
the rear seats to fold. See Rear Seat
Operation on page 16 for more information.
Rear Glass in Normal Position
2. Standing outside of the vehicle, hold the
Midgate® securely so it does not fall
forward. Turn the Midgate® handle clockwise
and pull the Midgate® toward you.
111
Lowering the Midgate® with the Rear
Glass in the Storage Pocket
3. Lower the Midgate® until it is flat.
Rear Glass Stored in Glass Storage Pocket
112
Raising the Midgate®
To return the Midgate® to its normal position, raise
the Midgate® up with a firm swinging motion
until it latches into place securely. This will help to
ensure that the Midgate® closes with enough
force to engage the latches.
If the rear glass is removed and you would like to
put it back, do so using the instructions given
previously.
Midgate® Lowered with Crossbar Attached
This procedure works the same as the procedure
described previously, but when you lower the
Midgate® with the rear glass in the stored position,
you will notice that the entire crossbar will lower
with the Midgate®. This is completely normal;
however, since the crossbar lowers with the
Midgate®, it will be heavier. As you lower the
Midgate® be ready for the extra weight and do not
let the Midgate® fall as you lower it.
113
Tailgate
Power Running Boards
Use the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
or power door lock switch to lock and unlock
the tailgate.
Your vehicle may have power running boards.
Open the tailgate by lifting up on its handle while
pulling the tailgate toward you.
To shut the tailgate, push it firmly upward until it
latches. Push and pull on the tailgate to be sure it
is latched securely.
Tailgate Removal
The tailgate is not to be removed. This may cause
damage to electrical connector resulting in loss
of lock/unlock and rear vision camera function.
The power running boards automatically extend
from beneath the vehicle on the side in which the
door has been opened. Once the door is closed,
the running boards will automatically move
back under the vehicle. The vehicle must not be
moving for the running boards to extend or retract.
The switch used to
disable the power
running boards is
located on the center
console below the
climate control system.
The running boards cannot be disabled in the
extended position.
114
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome by the
extreme heat and suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a
pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
115
Express-Down Windows
Power Windows
The power window
controls are located on
each of the side
doors.
The driver and front passenger windows have an
express-down feature that allows the windows
to be lowered without holding the switch. Press
down fully on the window switch, then release, to
activate the express-down mode. The
express-down mode can be canceled at any time
by pulling up on the switch.
Window Lockout
o (Window Lockout): The window lockout
Driver’s Side shown
The driver’s door also has switches that control
the passenger and rear windows. The power
windows work when the ignition has been turned
to ACCESSORY or RUN or when Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) is active. See Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) on page 125.
Press the switch to lower the window.
Pull up on the front edge of the switch to raise the
window.
116
switch is located with the power window switches
on the driver’s door armrest. This feature
prevents the rear passenger windows from
operating, except from the driver’s position. Press
the switch to turn the lockout feature on or off.
An indicator light will come on to show the lockout
feature is on.
Sun Visors
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Sun Visors with Slide Rod
Your vehicle has lighted visor vanity mirrors on
both the driver’s and passenger’s sun visors. Pull
the sun visor down and lift the mirror cover to
turn the lamps on.
Your vehicle may have this feature. Pull the sun
visor down to block glare. Detach the sun
visor from the center mount and slide it along the
rod from side-to-side to cover the driver or
passenger side of the front window. Swing the sun
visor to the side to cover the side window. It
can also be moved along the rod from side-to-side
in this position.
Sun Visors with Fixed Rod and Pull-out
Extension
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some
cities. Although your vehicle has a number of
theft-deterrent features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make it impossible to steal.
Your vehicle may have this feature. Pull the sun
visor down to block glare. Pull the sun visor
extender out for additional coverage. Detach the
sun visor from the center mount and swing it to the
side to cover the side window.
117
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle has a content theft-deterrent alarm
system.
This is the security light.
To activate the theft-deterrent system, do the
following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter. The security light should
come on and stay on.
3. Close all doors. The security light should go
off after about 30 seconds. The alarm is not
armed until the security light goes off.
The content theft deterrent system does not
sense if the midgate is open or ajar, therefore,
vehicle contents may not be protected if the
midgate is left open or ajar.
118
If a locked door is opened without using the RKE
transmitter, a ten second pre-alarm will occur.
The horn will chirp and the lights will flash. If the
door is not unlocked by pressing the unlock button
on the RKE transmitter during the ten second
pre-alarm, the alarm will go off. The headlamps
and parking lamps will flash for two minutes,
and the horn will sound for 30 seconds, then will
turn off to save the battery power. You can choose
different feedback options for the alarm. See
Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 243 Driver
Information Center (DIC).
Remember, the theft-deterrent system will not
activate if you lock the doors with a key, the
manual door lock, or the power door lock switch.
It activates only if you use the RKE transmitter.
You should also remember that you can start your
vehicle with the correct ignition key if the alarm
has been set off.
Here is how to avoid setting off the alarm by
accident:
• If you do not want to activate the
theft-deterrent system, the vehicle should be
locked with the door key after the doors
are closed.
• Always unlock a door with the RKE transmitter.
Unlocking a door any other way will set off the
alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, turn off the
alarm by pressing the unlock button on the
RKE transmitter. The alarm will not stop if you try
to unlock a door any other way.
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, lower the driver’s
window and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with
the RKE transmitter.
3. Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait
for the security light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the
door with the manual door lock and open the
door. This should set off the alarm.
While the alarm is set, the power door unlock
switch will not work.
If the alarm does not sound when it should but the
headlamps flash, check to see if the horn works.
The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse,
see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 509.
If the alarm does not sound or the headlamps do
not flash, the vehicle should be serviced by
your dealer.
119
PASS-Key® III+
The PASS-Key® III+ system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry
Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
120
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III+ uses a radio frequency
transponder in the key that matches a decoder in
your vehicle.
PASS-Key® III+ Operation
Your vehicle has PASS-Key® III+ (Personalized
Automotive Security System) theft-deterrent
system. PASS-Key® III+ is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This means you do not
have to do anything special to arm or disarm the
system. It works when you transition the key
to RUN, ACCESSORY or START from the OFF
position.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system senses that
someone is using the wrong key, it prevents the
vehicle from starting. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of
electrical key codes.
If the engine does not start and the security light
on the instrument panel comes on when trying
to start the vehicle, the key may have a damaged
transponder. Turn the ignition off and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key
appears to be undamaged, try another ignition
key. At this time, you may also want to check the
fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 509. If the engine still does not start with the
other key, your vehicle needs service. If your
vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty. See
your dealer who can service the PASS-Key® III+
to have a new key made. In an emergency,
contact Roadside Assistance.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+ decoder to
learn the transponder value of a new or
replacement key. Up to nine additional keys may
be programmed for the vehicle. The following
procedure is for programming additional keys only.
If all the currently programmed keys are lost or
do not operate, you must see your dealer or
a locksmith who can service PASS-Key® III+ to
have keys made and programmed to the system.
121
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key blank that is cut
exactly as the ignition key that operates the
system.
To program the new additional key do the
following:
1. Verify that the new key has a 1 stamped on it.
2. Insert the original, already programmed, key
in the ignition and start the engine. If the
engine will not start, see your dealer
for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to
OFF, and remove the key.
4. Insert the new key to be programmed
and turn it to the RUN position within
five seconds of removing the original key.
122
5. The security light will turn off once the key
has been programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 5 if additional keys
are to be programmed.
If you are driving and the security light comes on
and stays on, you may be able to restart your
engine. Your PASS-Key® III+ system, however,
may not be working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer.
If you lose or damage your PASS-Key® III+ key,
see your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an
elaborate break-in. But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these guidelines:
• Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h)
or less for the first 500 miles (805 km).
• Do not drive at any one constant speed,
fast or slow, for the first 500 miles
(805 km). Do not make full-throttle starts.
Avoid downshifting to brake, or slow,
the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings are not yet
broken in. Hard stops with new linings can
mean premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See
Towing a Trailer on page 380 for the
trailer towing capabilities of your vehicle
and more information.
Following break-in, engine speed and load can
be gradually increased.
123
Ignition Positions
Use the key to turn the ignition switch to
four different positions.
A (LOCK): This position locks the ignition and
transmission. It is a theft-deterrent feature. You will
only be able to remove the key when the ignition
is turned to LOCK.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break
the key. Use the correct key and turn the key
only with your hand. Make sure the key is all the
way in. If it is, turn the steering wheel left and
right while you turn the key hard. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
B (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers
when the engine is off.
Lengthy operation of features such as the radio in
the accessory ignition position and the RUN
position may drain the battery and prevent your
vehicle from starting. Do not operate your vehicle
in the accessory ignition position for a long
period of time.
C (RUN): This is the position for driving. It is the
position the switch returns to after the engine
starts, and you release the key.
The battery could be drained if you leave the key
in the ACCESSORY or RUN position with the
engine off. You may not be able to start your
vehicle if the battery is allowed to drain for
an extended period of time.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
124
Key In the Ignition
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Never leave your vehicle with the keys inside, as it
is an easy target for joy riders or thieves. If you
leave the key in the ignition and park your vehicle,
a chime will sound, when you open the driver’s
door. Always remember to remove your key from
the ignition and take it with you. This will lock
your ignition and transaxle. Also, always remember
to lock the doors.
Your vehicle has a Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) feature which will allow certain features on
your vehicle to continue to work up to 10 minutes
after the ignition key is turned to LOCK.
The battery could be drained if you leave the key
in the ignition while your vehicle is parked.
You may not be able to start your vehicle after it
has been parked for an extended period of time.
The radio, power windows, if the vehicle has a
sunroof and the OnStar® System, will work when
the ignition key is in RUN or ACCESSORY.
Once the key is turned from RUN to LOCK, these
features will continue to work for up to 10 minutes
or until a door is opened.
125
Starting the Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). Your engine will not start in
any other position — that is a safety feature.
To restart when you are already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your
vehicle is moving. If you do, you could
damage the transmission. Shift to PARK (P)
only when your vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go
down as your engine gets warm. Do not
race the engine immediately after starting it.
Operate the engine and transmission
gently until the oil warms up and lubricates all
moving parts.
126
Your vehicle has a Computer-Controlled
Cranking System. This feature assists in
starting the engine and protects the electrical
system. If the ignition key is turned to the
START, and then released when the engine
begins cranking, the engine will continue
cranking until the vehicle starts or until
it exceeds the maximum cranking time allowed,
approximately 15 seconds to prevent cranking
motor damage. To prevent gear damage,
this system also prevents cranking if the
engine is already running. The engine cranking
can be stopped by turning the ignition switch
to the ACCESSORY or LOCK.
Notice: Cranking the engine for long periods
of time, by returning the key to the START
position immediately after cranking has ended,
can overheat and damage the cranking
motor and drain the battery. Waiting about
15 seconds between each try, to allow
the cranking motor to cool down, will prevent
damage due to overheating.
2. If the engine does not start within 10 seconds,
push the accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor, while you hold the ignition key in
START. When the engine starts, let go of the
key and let up on the accelerator pedal.
Wait about 15 seconds between each try.
When starting your engine in very cold weather
(below 0°F or −18°C), do this:
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START and hold it there up
to 15 seconds. When the engine starts, let
go of the key.
2. If your engine still will not start, or starts but
then stops, it could be flooded with too much
gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator
pedal all the way to the floor and holding it
there as you hold the key in START for about
three seconds. When the engine starts, let
go of the key and accelerator. If the vehicle
starts briefly but then stops again, do the
same thing, but this time keep the pedal down
for five or six seconds. This clears the extra
gasoline from the engine.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with
the electronics in your vehicle. If you add
electrical parts or accessories, you could
change the way the engine operates. Before
adding electrical equipment, check with
your dealer. If you do not, your engine might
not perform properly. Any resulting damage
would not be covered by your vehicle’s
warranty.
127
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal
Your vehicle has an adjustable throttle and
brake pedal that lets you change their positions.
This feature is designed for shorter drivers,
since the pedals can not move farther away from
the standard position, but can move toward
the driver for better pedal reach.
The feature will not operate when the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R) or while using the cruise control.
The switch used to adjust the pedals is located on
the center console below the climate control
system.
Press the right and left arrows to move the pedals
either closer or further from your body.
128
Your vehicle has a memory function which allows
the pedals to be saved and recalled. See
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 12 for
more information.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater can help. You will get
easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your
vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of
the coolant heater is not required. Your vehicle
may also have an internal thermostat in the
plug end of the cord. This will prevent operation of
the engine coolant heater when the temperature
is at or above 0°F (−18°C) as noted on the cord.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical
cord. The cord is located on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment, near
the power steering fluid reservoir.
3. Plug the cord into a normal, grounded
110-volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded
outlet could cause an electrical shock.
Also, the wrong kind of extension cord
could overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug the cord
into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will not
reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it
away from moving engine parts. If you do
not, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater
plugged in? The answer depends on the outside
temperature, the kind of oil you have, and
some other things. Instead of trying to list
everything here, we ask that you contact your
dealer in the area where you will be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best
advice for that particular area.
Automatic Transmission Operation
Your vehicle has a Hydra-Matic® 6L80 automatic
transmission, and has an electronic shift
position indicator within the instrument panel
cluster. The electronic shift position indicator
displays when the shift lever is moved out of
PARK (P).
129
There are several different positions for the shift
lever.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels.
It is the best position to use when you start your
engine because your vehicle cannot move easily.
When parked on a hill, especially when the vehicle
has a heavy load, you may notice an increase in the
effort to shift out of PARK (P). See Torque
Lock (Automatic Transmission) under Shifting Into
Park (P) on page 138 for more information.
130
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not
move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, always set your parking brake
and move the shift lever to PARK (P). See
Shifting Into Park (P) on page 138. If you
are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 380.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving forward could damage
the transmission. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Shift to
REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
snow, ice, or sand without damaging your
transmission, see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 370.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does
not connect with the wheels. To restart when
you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is
being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on
the brake pedal, your vehicle could move
very rapidly. You could lose control and
hit people or objects. Do not shift into a
drive gear while your engine is running at
high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) with the engine running at high
speed may damage the transmission. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not running at high
speed when shifting your vehicle.
131
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving.
It provides the best fuel economy for your vehicle.
If you need more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push
your accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push
the accelerator all the way down.
By doing this, the vehicle shifts down to the next
gear and has more power.
DRIVE (D) can be used when towing a trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills, or for
off-road driving. You may want to shift the
transmission to a lower gear selection if the
transmission shifts too often.
Downshifting the transmission in slippery road
conditions could result in skidding, see Skidding
under Loss of Control on page 338
132
MANUAL MODE (M): This position lets drivers
select the range of gears appropriate for current
driving conditions. If your vehicle has this feature,
see Driver Shift Control (DSC) later in this
section.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the
vehicle in one place on a hill using only the
accelerator pedal may damage the
transmission. If you are stuck, do not spin the
tires. When stopping on a hill, use the
brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Your vehicle has a shift stabilization feature that
adjusts the transmission shifting to the current
driving conditions in order to reduce rapid upshifts
and downshifts. This shift stabilization feature is
designed to determine, before making an upshift, if
the engine will be able to maintain vehicle
speed by analyzing things such as vehicle speed,
throttle position and vehicle load. If the shift
stabilization feature determines that a current
vehicle speed cannot be maintained, the
transmission does not upshift and instead holds
the current gear. In some cases, this may appear
to be a delayed shift, however the transmission
is operating normally.
Your vehicle’s transmission uses adaptive shift
controls that compares key shift parameters
to pre-programmed ideal shifts stored in the
transmissions computer. The transmission
constantly makes adjustments to improve vehicle
performance according to how the vehicle is
being used, such as with a heavy load or when
temperature changes. During this adaptive
shift controls process, shifting may feel different as
the transmission determines the best settings.
When temperatures are very cold, the
Hydra-Matic® 6L80 automatic transmission’s gear
shifting may be delayed providing more stable
shifts until the engine warms up. Shifts may
be more noticeable with a cold transmission. This
difference in shifting is normal.
Driver Shift Control (DSC)
Your vehicle has a Driver Shift Control (DSC). The
DSC controls the vehicle’s transmission and
vehicle speed while driving down hill or towing a
trailer by allowing you to select a desired range of
gears.
133
To use this feature, do the following:
1. Move the shift lever to the
MANUAL MODE (M).
2. Press the plus/minus button, to upshift or
downshift selecting the desired range of
gears for your current driving conditions.
When in the MANUAL MODE (M) a number will
display next to the M, indicating the current
gear that has been selected. The DIC display will
show the message MANUAL SHIFT on the
first line and the current gear will be displayed on
the second line. See Driver Information Center
(DIC) on page 243 and DIC Operation and
Displays on page 243 for more information.
The number displayed in the DIC is the highest
gear that can be used. However, your vehicle can
automatically shift to lower gears as it adjusts
to driving conditions. This means that all gears
below that number are available. When FIFTH (5)
is selected, FIRST (1) through FIFTH (5) gears
are automatically shifted by the vehicle, but
SIXTH (6) cannot be used until the plus/minus
button located on the steering column lever is used
to change to the gear.
134
The transmission will prevent a gear range until
a speed that is appropriate for current driving
conditions is achieved. If shifting is prevented for
any reason, the current selected gear will flash
multiple times in the DIC.
Grade Braking is not available when the Driver
Shift Control is active. See Tow/Haul Mode
on page 135 for more information.
While using the DSC, cruise control and the
tow/haul mode can be used.
Tow/Haul Mode
Press the button located on the end of the shift
lever to turn the tow/haul on or off. When the
tow/haul is on, a light on the instrument panel
cluster will come on.
See Tow/Haul Mode Light on page 242 for more
information.
Also see “Tow Haul Mode” under Towing a Trailer
on page 380 for more information.
The tow/haul mode works with the Autoride®
feature, if the vehicle has this, to enhance the ride
when trailering or with a loaded vehicle. See
Autoride® on page 379.
Your vehicle has a tow/haul mode. The tow/haul
mode adjusts the transmission shift pattern to
reduce shift cycling, providing increased
performance, vehicle control, and transmission
cooling when towing or hauling heavy loads.
135
Grade Braking
Grade Braking assists when driving on a downhill
grade. It maintains the vehicle’s speed by
automatically implementing a shift schedule that
uses the engine and the transmission to slow
the vehicle. This reduces wear on the brakes
system and increases control of the vehicle. The
system constantly monitors the vehicle’s speed,
acceleration, throttle position, and whether
the brake pedal is being pressed, and determines
when to keep the current vehicle speed or to
slow down. The system will then automatically
command downshifts that reduces the vehicles
speed, until the brake pedal is no longer
being pressed. This indicates the desired vehicle
speed has been reached.
136
The tow/haul mode and grade braking shift modes
can be activated by pressing the button on the
end of the shift control stalk. While in the
DSC mode, grade braking is deactivated, allowing
the driver to select a gear.
See Automatic Transmission Operation on
page 129 for more information.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot. Push down
the parking brake pedal with your left foot.
A chime will activate and the warning light will
flash when the parking brake is applied and
the vehicle is moving at least 3 mph (5 km/h) for
at least three seconds.
If the ignition is on when the parking brake is
released, the brake system warning light will
go off.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause
premature wear or damage to brake system
parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully
released and the brake warning light is
off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any
hill, see Towing a Trailer on page 380.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular
brake pedal down. Pull the bottom edge of
the lever, located above the parking brake pedal,
with the parking brake symbol, to release the
parking brake.
137
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
Your vehicle can roll. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, use
the steps that follow. If you are pulling a
trailer, see Towing a Trailer on page 380.
138
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot
and set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position by pulling the shift lever toward
you and moving it up as far as it will go.
3. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle
with the engine running. Your vehicle
could move suddenly if the shift lever is
not fully in PARK (P) with the parking
brake firmly set. And, if you leave the
vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or
others could be injured. Do not leave your
vehicle with the engine running.
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P)
and the parking brake is firmly set before
you leave it. After you move the shift lever into
PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down.
Then, see if you can move the shift lever away
from PARK (P) without first pulling it toward you.
If you can, it means that the shift lever was
not fully locked into PARK (P).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift
your transmission into PARK (P) properly,
the weight of the vehicle may put too much force
on the parking pawl in the transmission. You
may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out
of PARK (P). This is called torque lock. To prevent
torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into
Park (P) on page 138.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever
out of PARK (P) before you release the parking
brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to
take some of the pressure from the parking pawl
in the transmission, then you will be able to
pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
139
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift
lock control system which locks the shift lever
in PARK (P) when the ignition is in the LOCK.
You have to fully apply your regular brakes
first and then press the shifter lever button before
you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition
is in RUN. See Automatic Transmission Operation
on page 129.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure
on the shift lever and push the shift lever all the
way up into PARK (P) as you maintain brake
application. Then press the shift lever button and
move the shift lever into another gear.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot
exhaust parts under your vehicle and
ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves,
dry grass, or other things that can burn.
140
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Your vehicle was damaged when
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the
gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you
cannot see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a
collision.
CAUTION:
driving over high points on the road
or over road debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or exhaust system has
been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows
down to blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
(Continued)
141
Running the Engine While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust
into your vehicle. See the earlier caution
under Engine Exhaust on page 141.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your
vehicle even if the climate control fan is at
the highest setting. One place this can
happen is a garage. Exhaust — with
CO — can come in easily. NEVER park in
a garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 366.
142
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave
your vehicle when the engine is running
unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
always set your parking brake and move
the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle
will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 138.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 380.
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with Intellibeam™, OnStar®,
Compass, and Temperature Display
Your vehicle may have an automatic dimming
rearview mirror with Intellibeam, OnStar®, compass
and temperature display. For more information
on OnStar®, see OnStar® System on page 152.
For more information on Intellibeam™, see
“Intellibeam Intelligent High-Beam Headlamp
Control System” under Exterior Lamps on
page 204.
The mirror includes an eight-point compass
display in the upper right corner of the mirror face.
When on, the compass automatically calibrates
as the vehicle is driven. Outside temperature
is also shown in the display.
Automatic Dimming
Your vehicle is equipped with an inside automatic
dimming rearview mirror. The automatic dimming
feature is activated whenever the vehicle is turned
on and dims only during nighttime driving.
Compass Operation
AUTO 3: Press and hold the “auto highbeam”
button for approximately three seconds to turn
the compass/temperature display on or off.
When the ignition and the display features are on,
the display will show two character boxes for
about two seconds. After two seconds, the mirror
will display the compass heading and temperature.
Compass Calibration
If after two seconds the display does not show the
correct direction, (N for North for example),
there may be a strong magnetic field interfering
with the compass. Such interference may be
caused by a magnetic antenna mount, magnetic
note pad holder, or a similar magnetic item.
The compass can be placed in calibration mode
manually by pressing and holding the “auto
highbeam” button for approximately nine seconds
until CAL is shown in the compass display.
The mirror can then be calibrated by driving the
vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the
display reads the correct direction.
143
Compass Variance
The mirror is set to zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass
to compensate for compass variance if the
vehicle is driven outside zone eight. Under certain
circumstances, such as a long distance,
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust the
compass variance.
Compass variance is the difference between
earth’s magnetic north and true geographic north.
If the mirror is not adjusted to account for zone
changes, the compass could give false readings.
To adjust for zone changes, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the zone map that follows.
144
2. Press and hold the “auto highbeam” button
approximately six seconds until a zone
number appears in the display.
3. Once the zone number appears in the display,
press the “auto highbeam” button quickly until
you reach the correct zone number. Stop
pressing the button and the mirror will return to
normal operation. If C appears in the compass
window, the compass needs calibration. See
“Compass Calibration” listed previously.
Outside Temperature
Outside temperature is shown in the mirror
display. Temperature will be displayed in
Fahrenheit or Celsius based on the choice
of English or metric in the vehicle’s
configuration menu.
If an abnormal temperature reading is displayed
for an extended period of time, please consult your
dealer. Under certain circumstances, a delay in
updating the temperature is normal.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner.
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter
the mirror housing.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®, Compass and
Temperature Display
Your vehicle may have this feature. When on, the
automatic dimming mirror dims to the proper level
to minimize glare from lights behind you after dark.
The mirror has a dual display in the upper right
corner of the mirror face that shows the compass
reading and the outside temperature.
Control buttons for the OnStar® system, if
equipped, are at the bottom of the mirror. See
OnStar® System on page 152 for more information
about the services OnStar® provides.
P (On/Off): This is the on/off button.
145
Temperature and Compass Display
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
Press the on/off button, located on the far left of
the mirror face, to turn the compass/temperature
display on or off.
The automatic dimming mirror function is turned on
automatically each time the ignition is started.
To operate the automatic dimming mirror, do the
following:
If the display reads CAL, the compass needs to
be calibrated. For more information, see “Compass
Calibration” following.
To adjust between Fahrenheit and Celsius, do the
following:
1. Press and hold the on/off button until either a
flashing F or C appears.
2. Press the button again to change the display
to the desired unit of measurement. After
approximately four seconds of inactivity, the
new unit will be locked in and the
compass/temperature display will return.
If an abnormal temperature reading is displayed
for an extended period of time, please see
your GM dealer. Under certain circumstances, a
delay in updating the temperature is normal.
146
1. Make sure the green indicator light, located to
the left of the on/off button, is lit. If it is not,
press and hold the on/off button until the green
light comes on, indicating that the mirror is
in automatic dimming mode.
2. Turn off the automatic dimming mirror function
by pressing and holding the on/off button until
the green indicator light turns off.
Compass Variance
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass
to compensate for compass variance if the
vehicle is outside of zone eight. Under certain
circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the
difference between earth’s magnetic north and true
geographic north. If not adjusted to account for
compass variance, the compass could give
false readings.
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance
zone number on the following zone map.
3. Keep pressing the on/off button until the
desired zone number appears in the
display. Release the button. After
approximately four seconds of inactivity, the
new zone number will be locked in and
the compass/temperature display will return.
4. Calibrate the compass as described next.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a Z and
a zone number appears in the display. The
compass is now in zone mode.
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Compass Calibration
The compass may need calibration if one of the
following occurs:
• After approximately five seconds, the display
does not show a compass heading, N for
North, for example, there may be a strong
magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad
holder, or a similar magnetic item.
• The compass does not display the correct
heading and the compass zone variance
is set correctly.
148
In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the
mirror compass windows. If CAL is not displayed,
push the on/off button for approximately
12 seconds or until CAL is displayed.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the
vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the
display reads a direction.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner.
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter
the mirror housing.
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors
The outside power
foldaway mirror controls
are located on the
driver’s door armrest.
• Press (B) to select the passenger’s side
mirror. Then press the arrows located on the
four-way control pad to adjust the mirror.
Press (B) again to deselect the mirror.
• Press (C) to fold the mirrors out to the driving
position.
• Press (D) to fold the mirrors in to the folded
position.
If the mirrors are accidentally folded/unfolded
manually, they may shake or flutter at normal
driving speeds and may not stay in the unfolded
position. If this happens, you will need to reset the
mirrors. See “Resetting the Power Foldaway
Mirrors” next.
• Press (A) to select the driver’s side mirror.
Then press the arrows located on the
four-way control pad to adjust the mirror.
Press (A) again to deselect the mirror.
149
Resetting the Power Foldaway Mirrors
Curb View Assist
You will need to reset the power foldaway mirrors
if the following occurs:
• The mirrors are accidentally obstructed while
folding.
• They are accidentally manually
folded/unfolded.
• The mirrors will not stay in the unfolded
position.
• The mirrors shake and flutter at normal driving
speeds.
If your vehicle has the memory package, the
outside mirrors are able to perform the curb view
assist mirror function. This feature may be
useful in allowing the driver to view the curb when
parallel parking. This feature will cause the
passenger’s and/or driver’s mirror to tilt to a
preselected position when the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R).
To reset the power foldaway mirrors, fold and
unfold them one time using the mirror controls.
This will reset them to their normal position.
This mirror has the following features.
Automatic Dimming
The driver’s outside mirror will adjust for the glare
of the headlamps behind you. See Automatic
Dimming Rearview Mirror with OnStar®, Compass
and Temperature Display on page 145.
150
The passenger’s and/or driver’s mirror will return
to its original position when the vehicle is
shifted out of REVERSE (R), or the ignition is
turned off or to LOCK.
This feature can be turned on or off through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 243.
Heated Mirrors
The button to turn the heated mirrors on or off is
located on the climate control panel. Press
this button to warm the driver’s and passenger’s
outside rearview mirrors to help clear them of
ice, snow, and condensation.
See “Rear Window Defogger” under Dual
Automatic Climate Control System on page 219
for more information.
Convex Mirror
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like
other vehicles) look farther away than
they really are. If you cut too sharply into
the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on
your right. Check your inside mirror or
glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
The passenger’s side mirror may have convex
glass. A convex mirror’s surface is curved so more
can be seen from the driver’s seat.
Your vehicle has a turn signal indicator on the
mirror. An arrow on the mirror will flash in
the direction of the turn or lane change.
151
OnStar® System
A complete OnStar® Owner’s Guide and the
Terms and Conditions of the OnStar® Subscription
Service Agreement are included in the vehicle’s
OnStar® Subscriber Information packet located in
your vehicle. For more information, visit
www.onstar.com or www.onstar.ca, contact
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827), or
press the OnStar® button to speak with an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
OnStar® uses several innovative technologies and
live advisors to provide you with a wide range
of safety, security, information, and convenience
services. If your airbags deploy, the system is
designed to make an automatic call to OnStar®
Emergency where we can request emergency
services be sent to your location. If you lock your
keys in the vehicle, call OnStar® at
1-888-4-ONSTAR and they can send a signal to
unlock your doors. If you need roadside
assistance, press the OnStar® button and they
can contact Roadside Service for you.
OnStar® Services
152
For new vehicles equipped with OnStar®, the
Directions & Connections Plan is included for
one year from the date of purchase. You
can extend this plan beyond the first year to meet
your needs. For more information, press the
OnStar® button to speak with an advisor.
Directions & Connections Plan
• Advanced Automatic Crash Notification
• Automatic Notification of Airbag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Location Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle Alert
• OnStar® Vehicle Diagnostics
• OnStar® Hands-Free Calling
• OnStar® Virtual Advisor
• Driving Directions
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling allows OnStar®
subscribers to make and receive calls using voice
commands at the touch of a button. Hands-Free
Calling is fully integrated into the vehicle, and may
be used with Pre-Paid Minute Packages or
linked to a cell phone through OnStar® Shared
Minutes Plan. To find out more, refer to the
OnStar® Owner’s Guide, visit www.onstar.com or
www.onstar.ca, or speak with an OnStar®
advisor by pressing the OnStar® button or calling
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
Your vehicle may have Virtual Advisor. It is a
feature of OnStar® Hands-Free Calling that uses
your minutes to access weather, local traffic reports
and stock quotes. By pressing the phone button
and giving a few simple voice commands, you can
browse through the various topics. Customize your
information profile at www.myonstar.com. See the
OnStar® Owner’s guide for more information.
153
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls
Your vehicle is equipped
with a Talk/Mute button
that can be used to
interact with OnStar®.
See Audio Steering Wheel Controls on page 316
for more information.
When calling into voice mail systems or to dial
directory numbers, press the control, wait for the
“number please” response, say the number(s) to be
dialed, wait for the number(s) to be repeated and
then say “dial.” See the OnStar® Owner’s guide for
more information.
Universal Home Remote
System
Universal Home Remote System
(With Three Round LED)
The Universal Home Remote System provides a
way to replace up to three hand-held
radio-frequency (RF) transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The FCC Grant of Equipment Authorization
Certificate number is KOBGTE05A.
154
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
The Canadian Registration ID number is
3521A-GTE05A.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Universal Home Remote System
(With One Triangular LED)
The Universal Home Remote System provides a
way to replace up to three hand-held
radio-frequency (RF) transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The FCC Grant of Equipment Authorization
Certificate number is CB2SAHL3.
155
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED)
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
The Canadian Registration ID number is
2791021849A.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
Your vehicle may have the Universal Home
Remote System. If there are three round LED
above the Universal Home Remote System
buttons, follow the instructions below. If there is
one triangular LED above the Universal Home
Remote System buttons, follow the instructions
under Universal Home Remote System Operation
(with one triangular LED).
This system provides a way to replace up to three
remote control transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home lighting.
156
Do not use the this system with any garage door
opener that does not have the stop and reverse
feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the transmitter. Because of the steps
involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Be sure to keep the original remote control
transmitter for use in other vehicles, as well as, for
future programming. You only need the original
remote control transmitter for fixed code
programming. It is also recommended that upon
the sale or lease termination of the vehicle,
the programmed buttons should be erased for
security purposes. See “Erasing your Universal
Home Remote Buttons” later in this section.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the
garage door or security device you are
programming. When programming a garage door,
it is advised to park outside of the garage.
If you do not know if your garage door opener is a
fixed code or rolling code device, open your
garage door opener’s remote control battery cover.
Your garage door opener is a fixed code device
if a panel of DIP switches is present. If not,
your garage door opener is a rolling code device.
157
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Fixed Code
Fixed Code garage door openers are used for
garage doors produced prior to 1996. Fixed code
uses the same coded signal every time, which
is manually programmed by setting DIP switches
for a unique personal code.
Follow these steps to program up to three
channels:
1. Remove the battery cover of the hand-held
transmitter.
Example of Switch Settings
2. Write down the eight to 12 coding switch
settings from left to right. When the switch
is in the up position, write “on,” and when a
switch is in the down position, write “off”.
If a switch is set between the up and down
position, write “middle”.
3. Input these positions into the Universal Home
Remote System as follows.
Press and release all three buttons at the same
time to put the device into programming mode.
158
5. After programming the switch settings, press
and release all three buttons at the same
time. The indicator lights will turn on.
6. Press and hold the button you would like to
use to control the garage door until the
garage door moves. The indicator light above
the selected button should slowly blink.
You may need to hold the button from five to
55 seconds.
Example
4. The indicator light will blink slowly. In order
from left to right, and within two and one-half
minutes, enter each switch setting into the
Universal Home Remote System. Push
one button for each switch as follows:
• Left button = “on” switch position.
• Right button = “off” switch position.
• Middle button = “middle” switch position.
7. Immediately release the button when the
garage door moves. The indicator light will
blink rapidly until programming is complete.
8. Press and release the button again. The
garage door should move, confirming that
programming is successful and complete.
To program another device such as an additional
garage door opener, a security device, or
home lighting, repeat Steps 1 through 8, choosing
a different function button in Step 7 than what
you used for the garage door opener.
159
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Rolling Code
Rolling code garage door openers are used for
garage doors produced after 1996 and are
code protected. Rolling code means the coded
signal is changed every time your remote control
garage door opener is used.
Programming a rolling code garage door opener
involves time-sensitive actions, so read the
entire procedure before you begin. If you do not
follow these actions, the device will time out
and you will have to repeat the procedure.
Follow these steps to program up to three
channels:
1. Press the two outside buttons at the same
time for one to two seconds, and immediately
release them.
160
2. Go to the garage. Locate the garage door
motor head and press and release the
“learn” button.
After pressing the “learn” button, you have
10 to 30 seconds to complete Step 4
depending on your garage control unit. If you
cannot locate the “learn” button, refer to
the owners guide for your garage door opener.
3. Press and hold the button you would like to
use to control the garage door until the
garage door moves. The indicator light, above
the selected button, should slowly blink.
You may need to hold the button from five to
20 seconds.
4. Immediately release the button when the
garage door moves. The indicator light will
blink rapidly until programming is complete.
5. Press and release the button again. The
garage door should move, confirming that
programming is successful and complete.
To program another device such as an additional
garage door opener, a security device, or
home lighting, repeat Steps 1 through 6, choosing
a different function button in Step 4 than what
you used for the garage door opener.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate button for at least
half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Reprogramming Universal Home
Remote Buttons
You can reprogram any of the three buttons by
repeating the instructions.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
You should erase the programmed buttons when
you sell the vehicle or terminate your lease.
To erase either rolling code or fixed code on the
Universal Home Remote device, do the following:
1. Press and hold the two outside buttons at
the same time for approximately 20 seconds,
until the indicator lights, located directly
above the buttons, begin to blink rapidly.
2. Once the indicator lights begin to blink,
release both buttons. The codes from all
button will be erased.
For additional information on Universal Home
Remote, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 546.
161
Universal Home Remote
System Operation
(With One Triangular LED)
Your vehicle may have the Universal Home Remote
System. If there is one triangular LED above the
Universal Home Remote buttons, follow the
instructions below. If your vehicle has three round
LED above the Universal Home Remote buttons,
follow the instructions under Universal Home
Remote System Operation (with three round LED).
Do not use the Universal Home Remote with any
garage door opener that does not have the stop
and reverse feature. This includes any garage door
opener model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
If you have a newer garage door opener with rolling
codes, please be sure to follow Steps 6 through 8 to
complete the programming of your Universal Home
Remote Transmitter.
162
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the Universal Home Remote.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful to
have another person available to assist you in
the programming steps.
Keep the original hand-held transmitter for use in
other vehicles as well as for future Universal
Home Remote programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,
the programmed Universal Home Remote buttons
should be erased for security purposes. See
“Erasing Universal Home Remote Buttons” later in
this section or, for assistance, see Customer
Assistance Offices on page 546.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the
garage door or gate operator you are
programming. When programming a garage door,
it is advised to park outside of the garage.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed
in your hand-held transmitter for quicker and
more accurate transmission of the radio-frequency
signal.
Programming Universal Home Remote
Follow these steps to program up to three
channels:
1. Press and hold down the two outside
Universal Home Remote buttons, releasing
only when the Universal Home Remote
indicator light begins to flash, after
20 seconds. Do not hold down the buttons for
longer than 30 seconds and do not repeat
this step to program a second and/or
third hand-held transmitter to the remaining
two Universal Home Remote buttons.
2. Position the end of your hand-held transmitter
about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the
Universal Home Remote buttons while
keeping the indicator light in view.
3. Simultaneously press and hold both the
desired Universal Home Remote button
and the hand-held transmitter button. Do not
release the buttons until Step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers
may require you to substitute Step 3 with
the procedure noted in “Gate Operator and
Canadian Programming” later in this section.
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and
then rapidly after Universal Home Remote
successfully receives the frequency signal
from the hand-held transmitter. Release both
buttons.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained Universal
Home Remote button and observe the
indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on constantly,
programming is complete and your device
should activate when the Universal Home
Remote button is pressed and released.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 under
“Programming Universal Home Remote.”
Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of
the programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for
two seconds and then turns to a constant light,
continue with Steps 6 through 8 following to
complete the programming of a rolling-code
device, most commonly, a garage door opener.
163
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be
found where the hanging antenna wire is
attached to the motor-head unit.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or
“Smart” button. The name and color of
the button may vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold
the programmed Universal Home Remote
button for two seconds, then release. Repeat
the press/hold/release sequence a second
time, and depending on the brand of the
garage door opener or other rolling code
device, repeat this sequence a third time to
complete the programming.
The Universal Home Remote should now
activate the rolling-code device.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 of
“Programming Universal Home Remote.” Do not
repeat Step 1, as this will erase all previous
programming from the Universal Home Remote
buttons.
164
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to time out or quit after several seconds
of transmission. This may not be long enough
for Universal Home Remote to pick up the signal
during programming. Similarly, some U.S. gate
operators are manufactured to time out in
the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator or garage door
opener by using the “Programming Universal
Home Remote” procedures, regardless of where
you live, replace Step 3 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the Universal Home
Remote button while you press and release every
two seconds (cycle) the hand-held transmitter
button until the frequency signal has been
successfully accepted by the Universal Home
Remote. The Universal Home Remote indicator
light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” to complete.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate Universal Home
Remote button for at least half of a second.
The indicator light will come on while the signal is
being transmitted.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
To erase programming from the three Universal
Home Remote buttons do the following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons
until the indicator light begins to flash, after
20 seconds. Do not hold the two outside
buttons for longer than 30 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
The Universal Home Remote is now in the training
(learning) mode and can be programmed at any
time beginning with Step 2 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” shown earlier in
this section.
Individual buttons cannot be erased, but they can
be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a
Single Universal Home Remote Button” following
this section.
Reprogramming a Single Universal
Home Remote Button
To program a device to Universal Home Remote
using a Universal Home Remote button
previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired Universal Home
Remote button. Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the Universal
Home Remote button, proceed with Step
2 under “Programming Universal Home
Remote” shown earlier in this section.
For additional information on Universal Home
Remote, see Customer Assistance Offices
on page 546.
Storage Areas
Glove Box
Open the glove box by pulling the bottom of the
handle upward.
165
Cupholder(s)
Center Console Storage Area
Your vehicle has cupholders for the front and rear
passengers.
To use the front cupholders, press down on the
access door and release. The door will then open.
Push the door back down to close it.
Your vehicle has a console compartment between
the bucket seats. The console has both an
upper and lower storage bin that can be opened
by lifting up on the latches located at the front
of the console lids. The console may have
an accessory power outlet inside, see Accessory
Power Outlet(s) on page 217. The rear of the
console also has a cupholder that swings down for
the rear seat passengers to use.
To use the rear cupholders, pull down on the door
located on the back of the console.
Luggage Carrier
The front cupholder may be removed for cleaning
by pushing down and then back on the cupholder.
The vehicle may have a luggage carrier that can
be used to load things on top of the vehicle.
Instrument Panel Storage Area
The luggage carrier has siderails attached to the
roof. It may also have crossrails which can be
moved back and forth to help secure cargo. Tie the
load to the siderails or siderail supports.
The cupholders are located in the center console
for the front passengers and on the rear of the
center console for the rear passengers.
Your vehicle may have a closed storage area on
the instrument panel above the compact disc
changer. You can open the storage area by
pressing in the bottom of the lid and the lid will
automatically raise up. Press down on the
lid to close the storage area.
166
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier
that weighs more than 200 lbs (91 kg) or
hangs over the rear or sides of the vehicle
may damage your vehicle. Load cargo so that
it rests on the slats as far forward as
possible and against the side rails, making
sure to fasten it securely.
Do not exceed the maximum vehicle capacity
when loading your vehicle. For more information
on vehicle capacity and loading, see Loading Your
Vehicle on page 372.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo while you are
driving, check now and then to make sure the
luggage and cargo are still securely fastened.
Be sure the cargo is properly loaded.
• If small heavy objects are placed on the roof,
cut a piece of 3/8 inch plywood to fit inside
the crossrails and siderails to spread the load.
Tie the plywood to the siderail supports.
• Tie the load to the crossrails or the siderail
supports. Use the crossrails only to keep
the load from sliding. To move a crossrail, turn
the release knobs, on both sides of the rail,
counterclockwise to loosen it. Slide the
crossrail to the desired position balancing the
force side to side. Turn the release knobs,
on both sides of the rail, clockwise to tighten
it. Try to slide the crossrail back and forth
slightly to be sure it is tight.
• If you need to carry long items, move the
crossrails as far apart as they will go. Tie
the load to the crossrails and the siderails or
siderail supports. Also tie the load to the
bumpers. Do not tie the load so tightly that the
crossrails or siderails are damaged.
• After moving a crossrail, be sure it is securely
locked into the siderail.
Your vehicle has a Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL) located above the rear glass.
If items are loaded on the roof of the vehicle, care
should be taken not to block or damage the
CHMSL unit.
167
Rear Seat Armrest
Your vehicle’s second row seat may have an
armrest/storage compartment.
Pull the loop at the top of the armrest out to lower
the armrest.
To open the compartment, push the button on the
front of the armrest and pull the top open.
Cargo Cover Panels
{CAUTION:
Improperly stored cargo cover panels
could be thrown about the vehicle during a
collision or sudden maneuver. You or
others could be injured. If you remove a
panel, always store it in the proper storage
location. When you put it back, always be
sure that is securely reattached.
168
Notice: Exceeding the weight limit of 250 lbs
(113 kg) can damage the cargo covers, and
the repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not put anything on top of the
cargo covers over the weight limit.
Your vehicle has a three-piece cargo cover
system. The cargo panels can be removed and
stored in the cargo area of the vehicle.
To remove a cargo panel(s), do the following:
1. Lower the tailgate. See Tailgate on page 114
for more information on the tailgate.
Before removing the cargo panel(s), notice
the numbers embossed on the upper center
portion of each panel. The panels are
labeled 1, 2 and 3. Corresponding numbered
labels are also on the bottom of the panels.
These numbers on the top and bottom of the
panels will be used as reference in the steps for
removing, storing and reinstalling the panels.
2. Remove cargo panel 3 by pulling the left and
right cargo panel latches, located on the
bottom of each cargo panel, toward you to
unlock the cargo panel latches.
169
3. Pull the cargo panel up and then out from the
side rails and set it aside. You only need to
remove as many cargo panels as needed
for your cargo carrying needs.
5. Remove cargo panel 1, but notice that there
are four latches to release (two left-side and
two right-side latches). Set the panel aside.
4. Remove cargo panel 2 in the same way and
set it aside.
170
After each cargo panel is removed, store them
within the cargo storage area using the cargo
panel storage system.
Cargo Panel Storage System
The three cargo panels can be stored in the cargo
area using the storage strap system. To store
the panels, do the following:
1. Secure the storage
strap system in the
cargo storage
area by attaching
the six clips on
the cargo strap
system to the
tie down locations
on either side of the
storage area.
Always use the storage strap system to store
the cargo panels during driving.
Before storing the cargo panels, be sure that
their latches are in the locked position.
The latches are in the locked position when
they are parallel to the front and back edge of
the panel.
171
Use the following instructions for the proper
storage sequence and location for each panel:
A. Secure clip A on the secondary strap.
B. Secure clip B on the secondary strap.
C. Place the remaining primary straps on top
of the lid and tray.
172
2. Starting with cargo panel 1, load the
cargo panel with latches up and facing away
from you.
3. Store cargo panel 2 by loading the
cargo panel with latches down and facing
toward you.
4. Store cargo panel 3 by loading the cargo
panel with latches up and facing away
from you.
173
6. Tighten all straps by pulling on the free end of
each strap.
5. Place the primary straps over the three cargo
covers (A). Fasten the four strap clips (B).
174
7. Close both cross locks at the center of the
strap system to secure tightly.
Panels 3, 2, 1 Loaded
175
Reinstalling the Cargo Cover Panels
To reinstall a cargo panel do the following.
1. You can either leave the strap system
attached to the side of the cargo area while it
is not in use, or you can store it inside the
top box storage compartment. See Top-Box
Storage on page 186 for more information.
Left Side Shown, Right Side Similar
Push the panel forward until it is snug against
the Midgate® and then let the back of the
panel down being sure that the pegs align with
the receivers.
2. Starting with cargo panel 1, place the latches
in the unlocked position. Place cargo panel 1
on the cargo area rails while holding the
back of the cargo panel up.
176
4. Install cargo cover 2 next. Place the latches in
the unlocked position. Place the cargo cover
panel on the cargo area rails while holding
the back of the cargo panel up.
3. Push both left latches away from you to lock
the latches. Remember that there are four
latches total for panel 1. You should hear a
click when each latch locks correctly. Lock the
remaining two right latches on panel 1.
The left latch on the cargo covers must be
locked in place before you can lock the right
latch. If you do not follow this exactly, the
cargo cover panels may not lock in place
correctly.
Left Side Shown, Right Side Similar
Push the panel forward until it is snug against
the other panel and then let the back of the
panel down being sure that the pegs align with
the receivers.
177
Left Side Shown, Right Side Similar
5. Push the latches away from you, starting with
the left latch, to lock the panel in place. You
should hear a click when each latch locks
correctly.
6. Install cargo cover 3 next. Place the latches in
the unlocked position. Place the cargo cover
panel on the cargo area rails while holding
the back of the cargo panel up.
178
Push the panel forward until it is snug against
the other panel and then let the back of the
panel down being sure that the pegs align with
the receivers.
Folding and Storage of Straps
To store the folding straps inside the top box
storage compartment, do the following:
1. Extend the six strap ends on a flat surface.
7. Push the latches away from you, starting with
the left latch, to lock the panel in place. You
should hear a click when each latch locks
correctly.
179
2. Fold the four primary strap ends towards the
center as shown.
3. Take the short strap and surround the folded
webbing, forming a package.
180
4. Take the secondary strap and wrap it around
the package. Finally, attach the hooks to the
webbing and place inside the top box
storage compartment.
Cargo Tie Downs
All-Weather Cargo Area
Your vehicle has the ability to operate in many
different configurations—cargo panels on or off,
Midgate® up or down, rear glass in or out. The
vehicle has features to help it resist the elements
and protect cargo inside the cargo area. Your
vehicle is designed to quickly direct water out of the
cargo box. The top drain grates, side rail channels,
catch cups, Midgate® drain, cargo area floor drains
and the rubber cargo mat help do this.
There are cargo tie downs in the rear cargo area
that you can use to strap cargo in.
181
Even when all of these things are working properly
and the cover system is on, there may be some
instances (heavy rains, automated car washes,
etc.) when water may be present in the following
areas:
E. Water drainage area
(around both sides of
the cargo box and
tailgate side)
F. Rear drains
G. Cargo floor
H. Cargo mat (central
area of mat is
intended to be dry)
Maintenance and Cleaning
To ensure that the water management system
performs properly, be sure that the Midgate®,
tailgate and cover system are fully closed and that
all parts are clean and not blocked with debris.
Follow the instructions given next in this section for
the proper procedures on cleaning each item.
A. Top drain grates
B. Removable front
drain grate
(Midgate® drain
grate)
182
C. Side rail channels
and catch cups
D. Front drains
Top Drain Grates – Removal and
Cleaning
2. Grasp the edges of the grate and pull it out
from the vehicle. Flush the drain with clean
water.
The top drain grates are located near the rear
glass on both sides of the vehicle. Clean the
grates and drains if there is a blockage.
To remove each drain grate, do the following:
1. Remove the cargo panels. See Cargo Cover
Panels on page 168 for more information.
183
To replace the drain grate do the following:
Side Rail Channels
The side rail channels are located on top of both
sides of the cargo area. You may want to flush
them out with clean water if you notice any debris
collecting inside of them.
1. Line up the clips on the vehicle with the slots
in the grate.
2. When you are sure that the clips are aligned
with the slots, push the grate down firmly.
The grate should clip into place. Do not force the
grate if it will not clip into place, realign the
clips with the holes and try again.
184
When loading cargo into the cargo area, be
careful not to damage the rails.
Midgate® Drain Grate Removal and
Cleaning
The Midgate® drain grate is located near the base
of the Midgate® in the cargo area. You will find
a removable drain grate covering the drain.
After hauling dirt, wood chips, pebbles etc. you will
need to flush the midgate drain with water. But
first you will have to remove the drain grate
by using the following steps:
1. Lower the Midgate®. See Midgate® on
page 104 for more information.
2. Pull up on the rear side of the drain grate.
3. Tilt the drain grate away from you and pull it
straight out.
Reverse the procedure to reinstall the drain grate.
185
Cargo Area Floor Drains
Top-Box Storage
Your vehicle also has four cargo-area floor drains
located under the cargo mat near the sides of
the cargo area. These drains should be cleaned
periodically to allow water to exit the cargo area.
Your vehicle has top-box storage units on both
sides of the vehicle. The passenger side top box
contains the tools you will need to change a
flat tire.
The cargo mat has cutouts for the drains. You can
flush the drains through the cutouts, but if the
cargo area is extremely dirty you can lift up the
edges of the cargo floor mat or take the whole mat
out and flush the drains with water.
Use the ignition/door key to unlock/lock it. Press
the key cylinder button and swing the lid open.
Turn on the cargo lamps, if the vehicle has them,
for more light inside. See Exterior Cargo Lamps
on page 211 for more information.
186
Sunroof
Your vehicle may be equipped with a power
sliding sunroof. To open or close the sunroof, the
ignition needs to be turned to ON, or Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) must be active.
When RAP is active, the sunroof will work for
10 minutes after the ignition is turned off, or until
a front door is opened. See Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) on page 125 for more information.
There are two switches
in the overhead console
that operate the
sunroof.
Manual-Open/Manual-Close: To open the
sunroof press and hold the rear of the driver’s side
switch until the sunroof reaches the desired
position. To close the sunroof, press and hold the
front of the driver’s side switch until the sunroof
reaches the desired position. The sunshade
will open automatically with the sunroof, but can
also be opened manually.
When the sunroof is opened, an air deflector will
automatically raise. The air deflector will retract
when the sunroof is closed.
187
Express-Open/Express-Close: To express-open
the sunroof, fully press and release the rear of
the driver’s side switch. The sunroof will open
automatically. To stop the sunroof partway, press
the switch a second time. To express-close
the sunroof, fully press and release the front of the
driver’s side switch. The sunroof will close
automatically. To stop the sunroof partway, press
the switch a second time. The sunshade will
open automatically with the sunroof, but can also
be opened manually.
When the sunroof is opened, an air deflector will
automatically raise. The air deflector will retract
when the sunroof is closed.
Vent: From the closed position, press the rear of
the passenger’s side switch to vent the sunroof.
To stop the sunroof partway, press the switch
a second time. To close the sunroof, press and
hold the front of the passenger’s side switch.
To stop the sunroof partway, release the switch.
188
Anti-Pinch Feature: If an object is in the path of
the sunroof while it is closing, the anti-pinch
feature will detect the object and stop the sunroof
from closing at the point of the obstruction.
The sunroof will then open halfway, and the air
deflector will raise. To close the sunroof once
it has re-opened, refer to the “Express-Close” or
“Manual-Close” functions described previously.
If the sunroof is in the vent position, and there is
an object in the path of the sunroof when it
closing, the anti-pinch feature will detect the object
and stop the sunroof. To close the sunroof once
it has re-opened, refer to the “Manual-Close”
or “Express-Close” functions described previously.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ........................ 192
Hazard Warning Flashers .......................... 194
Other Warning Devices ............................. 194
Horn .......................................................... 194
Tilt Wheel .................................................. 195
Heated Steering Wheel ............................. 195
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .................. 196
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ................. 196
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .......... 197
Flash-to-Pass ............................................ 198
Windshield Wipers ..................................... 198
Rainsense™ II Wipers ............................... 199
Windshield Washer .................................... 200
Cruise Control ........................................... 201
Exterior Lamps .......................................... 204
Headlamps on Reminder ........................... 209
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ................. 209
Automatic Headlamp System ..................... 210
Fog Lamps ................................................ 211
Exterior Cargo Lamps ................................ 211
Instrument Panel Brightness ...................... 211
Dome Lamps ............................................. 212
Dome Lamp Override ................................ 212
Entry/Exit Lighting ...................................... 212
Reading Lamps ......................................... 212
Battery Run-Down Protection ..................... 212
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ...... 213
Accessory Power Outlet(s) ........................ 217
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter ................ 218
Analog Clock ............................................. 218
Climate Controls ......................................... 219
Dual Automatic Climate Control System .... 219
Outlet Adjustment ...................................... 224
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ..... 225
Instrument Panel Cluster ........................... 226
Speedometer and Odometer ...................... 227
Trip Odometer ........................................... 227
Tachometer ............................................... 227
Safety Belt Reminder Light ........................ 228
Passenger Safety Belt
Reminder Light ...................................... 228
Airbag Readiness Light ............................. 229
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............. 230
Charging System Light .............................. 232
Brake System Warning Light ..................... 232
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light ........................................ 234
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ......................... 235
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ............ 235
189
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Tire Pressure Light .................................... 236
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ........................ 236
Oil Pressure Light ..................................... 240
Security Light ............................................ 240
Fog Lamp Light ......................................... 241
Lights On Reminder .................................. 241
Cruise Control Light .................................. 241
Highbeam On Light ................................... 241
Tow/Haul Mode Light ................................ 242
Fuel Gage ................................................. 242
Driver Information Center (DIC) .................. 243
DIC Operation and Displays ...................... 243
DIC Warnings and Messages .................... 248
DIC Vehicle Customization ........................ 257
190
Audio System(s) ......................................... 267
Setting the Time ........................................ 269
Radio with CD and DVD ........................... 270
XM Radio Messages ................................. 300
Navigation/Radio System ........................... 302
Rear Seat Entertainment System ............... 302
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................. 313
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................. 315
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................. 316
Radio Reception ........................................ 317
Care of Your CDs and DVDs .................... 318
Care of the CD and DVD Player ............... 318
Fixed Mast Antenna .................................. 318
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ....... 319
Chime Level Adjustment ............................ 319
✍ NOTES
191
Instrument Panel Overview
192
The main components of your instrument panel are the following:
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on
page 224.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 196.
C. Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 194.
D. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument
Panel Cluster on page 226.
E. Shift Lever/Tow/Haul Selector Button. See
Automatic Transmission Operation on
page 129 and Tow/Haul Mode on page 135.
F. Analog Clock. See Analog Clock on page 218.
G. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on
page 267. Navigation/Radio System (if
equipped). See Navigation/Radio System on
page 302.
H. Exterior Lamps Control. See Exterior Lamps on
page 204.
I. Dome Override Button. See Dome Lamp
Override on page 212.
J. Cruise Control Buttons. See Cruise Control on
page 201.
K. Tilt Lever. See Tilt Wheel on page 195.
L. Horn. See Horn on page 194.
M. Audio Steering Wheel Buttons. See Audio
Steering Wheel Controls on page 316.
N. Driver Information Center (DIC) Buttons. See
Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 243.
O. Pedal Adjust Button. See Adjustable Throttle
and Brake Pedal on page 128. Heated
Windshield Washer Fluid Button (If Equipped).
See Windshield Washer on page 200. Power
Running Boards Disable Button (If Equipped).
See Power Running Boards on page 114.
P. Dual Automatic Climate Controls. See Dual
Automatic Climate Control System on
page 219. Heated Seats (If Equipped). See
Heated Seats on page 10. Heated and Cooled
Seats (If Equipped). See Heated and Cooled
Seats on page 11.
Q. StabiliTrak® Disable Button. See. StabiliTrak®
System on page 330.Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist Disable Button. See. Ultrasonic Rear
Parking Assist (URPA) on page 213.
R. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 165.
193
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
The hazard warning flashers warn others.
They also let police know you have a problem.
Your front and rear turn signal lamps will flash
on and off.
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them up
at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m)
behind your vehicle.
The hazard warning
flasher button is
located on top of the
steering column.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
ignition position the key is in, and even if the
key is not in the ignition.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button
again to turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your
turn signals will not work.
194
Horn
To sound the horn, press the center pad on the
steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
Heated Steering Wheel
The tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the
steering wheel before you drive. You can raise it to
the highest level to give your legs more room
when you enter and exit the vehicle.
Your vehicle may have a heated steering wheel.
The button for this
feature is located on
the left side of the
steering wheel.
Press the button to turn the heated steering wheel
on or off. A light on the button will display while
the feature is on.
The steering wheel will take about three minutes
to start heating.
The tilt lever is located on the driver’s side of the
steering column under the turn signal lever.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull
the lever. Move the steering wheel to a
comfortable level, then release the lever to lock
the wheel in place.
195
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
• N Windshield Wipers. See Windshield
Wipers on page 198.
• L Windshield Washer. See Windshield
Washer on page 200.
For information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior
Lamps on page 204.
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
• G Turn and Lane Change Signals. See
Turn and Lane-Change Signals on page 196.
• 53 Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
on page 197.
• Flash-to-Pass. See Flash-to-Pass on
page 198.
196
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and
two downward (for left) positions. These positions
allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up
or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will
return automatically.
To signal a lane change, raise or lower the
lever for less than one second until the arrow
starts to flash. This will cause the turn signals
to automatically flash three times. It will flash
six times if the tow-haul mode is active.
Holding the turn signal lever for more than
one second will cause the turn signals to flash
until you release the lever. The lever will return
by itself when it is released.
An arrow on the
instrument panel
cluster will flash in
the direction of the
turn or lane change.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than
3/4 of a mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound at
each flash of the turn signal and the message
TURN SIGNAL ON will also appear in the
DIC. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 248. To turn the chime and message off,
move the turn signal lever to the off position.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
53 (Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer): To
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the
arrows flash more quickly than normal, a signal
bulb may be burned out and other drivers will
not see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when
you signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and
a blown fuse. See Instrument Panel Fuse
Block on page 510 and Underhood Fuse Block
on page 513.
change the headlamps from low to high beam, push
the lever toward the instrument panel. To return to
low-beam headlamps, pull the multifunction lever
toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this indicator
light on the instrument
panel cluster will
also be on.
197
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use your high-beam
headlamps to signal a driver in front of you that
you want to pass. It works even if your headlamps
are in the automatic position.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you,
then release it.
If your headlamps are in the automatic position or
on low beam, your high-beam headlamps will
turn on. They will stay on as long as you hold the
lever toward you. The high-beam indicator on
the instrument panel cluster will come on. Release
the lever to return to normal operation.
Windshield Wipers
You control the windshield wipers by turning the
band with the wiper symbol on it.
8 (Mist): For a single wiping cycle, turn the
band to mist. Hold it there until the wipers
start. Then let go. The wipers will stop after
one wipe. If you want more wipes, hold the band
on mist longer.
198
6 (Delay):
You can set the wiper speed for a
long or short delay between wipes. This can be
very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band to
choose the delay time. The closer to the top of
the lever, the shorter the delay.
6 (Low Speed): For steady wiping at
low speed, turn the band away from you to the
first solid band past the delay settings.
1 (High Speed): For high-speed wiping,
turn the band further, to the second solid band
past the delay settings.
9 (Off): To stop the wipers, move the band
to off.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they are frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If
your blades do become worn or damaged, get
new blades or blade inserts.
Rainsense™ II Wipers
Your vehicle has Rainsense™ II windshield
wipers. These wipers automatically turn on when
a sensor, mounted next to the inside rearview
mirror, detects moisture on the windshield.
When active, these wipers are able to detect
moisture on the windshield and automatically
turn on the wipers.
To turn on the Rainsense™ feature, the wipers
must be set to one of the five delay settings.
Each of the five settings adjusts the sensitivity
of the rain sensor.
Since different drivers have different setting
preferences, it is recommended that the mid-range
setting, position three, be used initially. For more
wipes, select the higher settings; for fewer wipes,
select the lower settings located closer to the off
position on the multifunction lever.
The rain sensor will automatically control the
frequency of the wipes from off to high speed
according to the weather conditions. The wipers
can be left in a Rainsense™ mode even when
it is not raining.
When Rainsense™ II is active, the headlamps
will turn on automatically after approximately
eight wipes. The headlamps will turn off if the wiper
switch is set to a delay position, and there have
been no wipes for approximately three minutes, or
if the wiper switch is turned to the off position. If
it is dark outside, the headlamps will remain on.
Notice: Going through an automatic car
wash with the wipers on can damage them.
Turn the wipers off when going through
an automatic car wash.
199
Windshield Washer
The button is located in
the switchbank under
the climate controls.
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
L (Washer Fluid): There is a paddle marked
with the windshield washer symbol at the top of the
multifunction lever. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle. The wipers will
clear the window and then either stop or return to
your preset speed.
Heated Windshield Washer
If your vehicle has the heated windshield washer
fluid system it may be used to help clear ice,
snow, tree sap, or bugs from your windshield.
200
Push the heated washer fluid button to activate
the heated windshield washer fluid system.
The indicator light will flash. This activation will
initiate four heated wash/wipe cycles. The
first heated wash/wipe cycle may take up to
40 seconds to occur, depending on outside
temperature. After the first wash/wipe cycle, it may
take up to 20 seconds for each of the remaining
cycles to begin. Press the button again to turn
off the heated windshield washer fluid system or it
will automatically turn off after four wipe cycles
have been completed.
When the heated windshield washer fluid system
is activated under certain outside temperature
conditions, steam may flow out of the washer
nozzles for a short period of time before washer
fluid is sprayed. This is a normal condition.
Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you cannot drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
excessive wheel slip, and you could lose
control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed
of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can
really help on long trips. Cruise control does not
work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).
If your vehicle has the StabiliTrak® system and
begins to limit wheel spin while you are using cruise
control, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. See StabiliTrak® System on page 330.
When road conditions allow you to safely use it
again, you may turn the cruise control back on.
The cruise control
buttons are located
on left side of the
steering wheel.
T (On/Off): This button can both activate
and turn off the system. The indicator light on the
button turns on when cruise control is on and
turns off when cruise control is off.
When you apply your brakes, cruise control
is turned off.
201
+ RES (Resume/Accelerate): Press this button
to make the vehicle accelerate or resume to
a previously set speed.
SET − (Set/Coast): Press this button to set the
speed or make the vehicle decelerate.
[ (Cancel): Press this button to cancel cruise
control without erasing the set speed from
memory.
Setting Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when
you are not using cruise, you might hit a
button and go into cruise when you do
not want to. You could be startled and
even lose control. Keep the cruise control
switch off until you want to use cruise
control.
Cruise control will not work if your parking brake is
set, or if the master cylinder brake fluid level is low.
The cruise control light on the instrument panel
cluster will come on after the cruise control
has been set to the desired speed.
202
1. Press the cruise control On/Off button.
2. Get up to the desired speed.
3. Press the SET− button located on the steering
wheel and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This shuts off
the cruise control. But you do not need to reset it.
Once you are driving about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more, press the +RES button on your steering
wheel. The vehicle will go back to the previous
set speed and stay there.
Increasing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
To increase the cruise speed while using
cruise control:
• Press and hold the +RES button on the
steering wheel until you reach your new
desired speed, then release it.
• To increase vehicle speed in small increments,
press the +RES button. Each time you do this,
you will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
Reducing Speed While Using
Cruise Control
To reduce your speed while using cruise control:
• Press and hold the SET– button on the
steering wheel until the desired lower speed
is reached, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, press
the SET– button on the steering wheel
briefly. Each time you do this, the vehicle
will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your
vehicle will slow down to the previous set cruise
speed.
203
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills
depends upon your speed, load, and the
steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills,
you may have to step on the accelerator pedal to
maintain the vehicle’s speed. When going downhill,
you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to
keep the vehicle’s speed down. Of course, applying
the brake takes you out of cruise control. Many
drivers find this to be too much trouble and do not
use cruise control on steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are three ways to end cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal.
• Press the cancel button on the steering wheel.
• Press the On/Off button on the steering wheel.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
the cruise control set speed memory is erased.
204
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamps
control is located on
the instrument panel
to the left of the
steering wheel.
It controls the following systems:
• Headlamps
• Taillamps
• Parking Lamps
• License Plate Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
The exterior lamps control has four positions:
9 (Off): Turn the control to this position to
turn off the automatic headlamps and daytime
running lamps (DRL). Turning the headlamp
control to the off position again will turn the
automatic headlamps or DRL back on.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, the off position
will only work when the vehicle is shifted into
the PARK (P) position.
AUTO (Automatic): Turn the control to this
position to set the headlamps to automatically
turn on at normal brightness, together with
the following:
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
; (Parking Lamps): Turn the control to this
position to turn on the parking lamps together with
the following:
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
2 (Headlamps): Turn the control to this position
to turn on the headlamps together with the
following lamps listed below.
When the headlamps are turned on while the
vehicle is on, the headlamps will turn off
automatically after 10 minutes. When the
headlamps are turned on while the vehicle is off,
the headlamps will stay on. Turn the control to the
off position to turn the headlamps off or the
battery will be drained.
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
205
IntellliBeam™ Intelligent High-Beam
Headlamp Control System
If your vehicle has this feature, be sure to read
this entire section before using it.
IntellliBeam™ is an enhancement to your vehicle’s
headlamp system. Using a digital light sensor
on your rearview mirror, this system will turn the
vehicle’s high-beam headlamps on and off
according to surrounding traffic conditions.
The IntellliBeam™ system will turn your high-beam
headlamps on when it is dark enough, there is
no other traffic present, and the IntellliBeam
system is enabled.
Turning On and Enabling IntellliBeam™
Press and release the IntellliBeam™ button on the
inside rear view mirror. The IntellliBeam™ indicator
on the mirror will turn on to let you know the system
has been turned on. Once the system has been
turned on, it will remain on each time the vehicle is
started. Additionally, the IntellliBeam system must
be enabled.
206
To enable the IntellliBeam™ system, turn the
exterior lamp control to AUTO, with the turn
signal/multifunction lever in its neutral position.
The High-Beam On Light will appear on the
instrument panel cluster when the high-beams
are on. See Highbeam On Light on page 241.
Driving with IntellliBeam™
IntellliBeam™ will only activate your high-beams
when driving over 20 mph (32 km/h).
The high-beam headlamps will remain on, under
the automatic control of IntellliBeam™, until any
of the following situations occur:
• The system detects an approaching vehicle’s
headlamps.
• The system detects a preceding vehicle’s
taillamps.
• The outside light is bright enough that
high-beam headlamps are not required.
• The vehicle’s speed drops below
15 mph (24 km/h).
• The headlamp stalk is moved forward to
the high-beam position. See Headlamp
High/Low-Beam Changer on page 197.
When either of these conditions occur, the
IntellliBeam™ feature will be disabled and
the IntellliBeam™ light in the mirror will turn
off until the high-beam stalk is returned to
the neutral position.
• If IntellliBeam™ was using low-beams prior to
this action, the IntellliBeam™ feature will be
temporarily disabled until the stalk is returned
to the neutral position.
• The exterior lamp control is turned to any
setting except AUTO.
When this occurs, IntellliBeam™ will be
disabled until the control is turned back to
the AUTO position.
• The IntellliBeam™ system is turned off at
the inside rearview mirror.
IntellliBeam™ may not turn off the high-beams if
the system cannot detect other vehicle’s lamps
because of any of the following:
• The others vehicle’s lamp(s) are missing,
damaged, obstructed from view or otherwise
undetected.
• The other vehicle’s lamp(s) are covered with
dirt, snow and/or road spray.
• The other vehicle’s lamp(s) cannot be detected
due to dense exhaust, smoke, fog, snow, road
spray, mist or other airborne obstructions.
• Your vehicle’s windshield is dirty, cracked or
obstructed by something that blocks the
view of the IntellliBeam light sensor.
• Your vehicle’s windshield is covered with ice,
dirt, haze or other obstructions.
• Your vehicle is loaded such that the front end
of the vehicle points upward, causing the
IntellliBeam sensor to aim high and not detect
headlamps and taillamps.
• You are driving on winding or hilly roads.
You may need to manually disable or cancel the
high-beam headlamps by turning the low-beam
headlamps on, if any of the above conditions exist.
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Disabling and Resetting IntellliBeam™
at the Rearview Mirror
IntellliBeam™ can be disabled by using the
controls on the inside rearview mirror.
AUTO 3 (On/Off): To disable the system,
press this button on the inside rearview mirror.
The IntellliBeam™ indicator will turn off and will
not come back on until the IntellliBeam™ button
is pressed again.
(Stalk Disable): When IntellliBeam™ has
turned on the high-beams, pull or push the
high-beam stalk. This will disable IntellliBeam™.
The IntellliBeam™ indicator on the mirror will
turn off. To re-enable IntellliBeam™, press
the IntellliBeam™ button on the mirror.
A different sensitivity setting is available for
dealer diagnostics. This is done by pushing and
holding this button for 20 seconds until the
IntellliBeam™ indicator light flashes three times.
If you accidentally activate this, the vehicle’s
setting will automatically be reset each time the
ignition is turned off and then on again.
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Cleaning the IntellliBeam™ Light Sensor
The light sensor is
located on the inside
of the vehicle in
front of the inside
rearview mirror.
Clean the light sensor window, periodically, using
glass cleaner on a soft cloth. Gently wipe the
sensor window. Do not spray glass cleaner directly
on the surface of the sensor window.
Headlamps on Reminder
If a door is open, a reminder chime will sound
when your headlamps or parking lamps are
manually turned on and your key is out of the
ignition. To turn off the chime, turn the headlamp
switch to off or AUTO and then back on, or
close and re-open the door. In the AUTO mode,
the headlamps turn off once the ignition is in
LOCK or may remain on until the headlamp delay
ends (if enabled in the DIC). See “Exit Lighting”
under DIC Vehicle Customization on page 257.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different
driving conditions, but they can be especially
helpful in the short periods after dawn and before
sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps
are required on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system will come on when the following
conditions are met:
• The ignition is on.
• The exterior lamps control is in AUTO.
• The transmission is not in PARK (P).
• The light sensor determines it is daytime.
When the DRL are on, only your DRL lamps will
be on. The taillamps, sidemarker, and other lamps
will not be on. The instrument panel will not be
lit up either.
When it begins to get dark, the automatic
headlamp system will switch from DRL to the
headlamps.
To turn off the DRL lamps, turn the exterior lamps
control to the OFF position and then release.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, the transaxle
must be in the Park (P) position, before the DRL
lamps can be turned off.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the
regular headlamp system when you need it.
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Automatic Headlamp System
When it is dark enough outside and the headlamp
switch is in AUTO, your automatic headlamp
system will turn on your headlamps at the normal
brightness along with other lamps such as the
taillamps, sidemarker, parking lamps, roof marker
lamps, and the instrument panel lights. The
radio lights will also be dim.
To turn off the automatic headlamp system, turn
the exterior lamps switch to the off position
and then release. For vehicles first sold in Canada,
the transaxle must be in the Park (P) position,
before the automatic headlamp system can
be turned off.
Your vehicle has a light sensor located on the
top of the instrument panel. Be sure it is not
covered, or the system will be on whenever the
ignition is on.
The system may also turn on your headlamps
when driving through a parking garage, heavy
overcast weather, or a tunnel. This is normal.
210
There is a delay in the transition between the
daytime and nighttime operation of the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp
systems so that driving under bridges or bright
overhead street lights does not affect the system.
The DRL and automatic headlamp system will only
be affected when the light sensor sees a change in
lighting lasting longer than the delay.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the
automatic headlamp system will come on
immediately. Once you leave the garage, it will
take approximately one minute for the automatic
headlamp system to change to DRL if it is
light outside. During that delay, your instrument
panel cluster may not be as bright as usual. Make
sure your instrument panel brightness control is
in the full bright position. See Instrument
Panel Brightness on page 211.
Fog Lamps
Some localities have laws that require the
headlamps to be on along with the fog lamps.
If your vehicle has fog lamps you can use them
for better vision in foggy or misty conditions. Your
parking lamps and/or low-beam headlamps
must be on for your fog lamps to work.
Exterior Cargo Lamps
The fog lamp button is located on the left side of
your instrument panel.
- (Fog Lamps): Press the button to turn the fog
lamps on. An indicator light will come on in the
instrument panel cluster to let you know that
the fog lamps are on. Press the button again to
turn them off.
You can use the cargo lamp if you need more
light in the cargo area of your vehicle or in
the top-box storage units. Some vehicles will only
have a cargo lamp in the driver side top box.
The cargo lamps come on by turning on the
interior dome lamps.
Instrument Panel Brightness
Remember, fog lamps alone will not give off as
much light as your headlamps. Never use your fog
lamps in the dark without turning on the headlamps.
The knob for this feature is located next to the
exterior lamps control.
The fog lamps will go off whenever your
high-beam headlamps come on. When the high
beams go off, the fog lamps will come on again.
clockwise or counterclockwise to brighten or dim
the instrument panel lights and the radio
display. This will only work if the headlamps or
parking lamps are on.
The fog lamps will be cancelled after the ignition is
turned off. If you still want to use the fog lamps
after you restart the vehicle, you will need to press
the fog lamp button again.
D (Instrument Panel Lights): Turn the knob
To turn on the dome lamps, with the vehicle doors
closed, turn the knob all the way to the right.
211
Dome Lamps
Entry/Exit Lighting
The dome lamps will come on when you open a
door. They will turn off when all doors are closed.
Your vehicle has an illuminated entry/exit feature.
You can also turn the dome lamps on by turning
the knob, located next to the exterior lamp control,
all the way up. In this position, the dome lamps
will remain on whether a door is opened or closed.
When a door is opened or the key is removed
from the ignition, the dome lamps will come on if
the dome override button is in the out position.
Reading Lamps
Dome Lamp Override
If your vehicle has reading lamps, press the button
located next to the lamp to turn it on or off.
E (Dome Lamp Override): You can use the
dome override button, located next to the exterior
lamps control, to set the dome lamps to come
on automatically when a door is opened, or
to remain off. To turn the lamps off, press the
button. With the button in this position, the dome
lamps will remain off when the doors are open.
To return the lamps to automatic operation, press
the button again so it is extended. With the
button in this position, the dome lamps will come
on when you open a door.
Your vehicle may also have reading lamps in other
locations. To turn each one on or off, press the
button located next to the lamp. The lamps cannot
be adjusted.
212
Battery Run-Down Protection
This feature shuts off the dome lamps if they
are left on for more than 10 minutes when
the ignition is in LOCK. This will help prevent the
battery from running down.
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA)
CAUTION:
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system it is designed to help
you park while in REVERSE (R). It operates only
at speeds less than 5 mph (8 km/h). URPA
helps make parking easier and helps you avoid
colliding with objects such as parked vehicles. The
URPA system detects objects that are close to
the rear of the vehicle which are at least 10 inches
(25.4 cm) off the ground and below hood or
tailgate level. The system detects objects up to
8 feet (2.5 m) behind your vehicle. The URPA
sensors determine how close these objects are
from your bumper within this area.
operate above speeds of 5 mph
(8 km/h). The system does not detect
objects more than 8 feet (2.5 meters)
behind the vehicle. This detection
distance limit may be reduced during
warm weather or high humidity. Also, the
system does not detect objects that are
below your bumper, underneath your
vehicle, or some objects very close to the
vehicle. The system is not designed to
detect children, pedestrians, bicyclists,
or pets.
So, unless you check carefully behind
your vehicle while you are backing up,
they could be injured or killed.
{ CAUTION:
Even with the Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist
system, the driver must check carefully
before backing up. The system does not
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
Whether or not you are using rear park
assist, always check carefully behind your
vehicle before backing up and then watch
closely as you do.
213
The URPA display is
located above the rear
window towards the
center of the vehicle
and can be seen
by looking over your
right shoulder.
The URPA display has three color-coded lights.
The lights are used to provide distance and system
information, along with beeps that will be heard
through the speakers.
URPA can be turned off
by pressing the rear park
aid disable button
located next to the radio.
The indicator light will
come on to indicate that
URPA is off.
214
The red light in the URPA display will also be lit if
the vehicle is in REVERSE (R). If the vehicle
has a Driver Information Center (DIC), PARKING
ASSIST OFF will display on the screen. URPA
automatically turns back on each time the vehicle
is started.
How the System Works
When the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R),
the rear display will briefly come on to let you
know the display is operating correctly. URPA
comes on automatically when the shift lever
is moved into REVERSE (R).
The system does not work at a reverse speed
greater than 5 mph (8 km/h). To remind you of this,
the red light on the rear display will flash.
How the System Works when Backing
If the shift lever is in REVERSE (R), URPA detects
objects close to the rear bumper. The first time an
object is detected a single beep will sound. If an
object is detected at a REVERSE (R) speed
between 0 mph (0 km/h) and 5 mph (8 km/h), the
following describes what will occur based on your
distance to a detected object located behind the
vehicle:
• At distances between 40 inches (1 m) and
8 ft (2.5 m), a single amber light will come on.
• At distances between 23 inches (0.6 m) and
40 inches (1 m), both amber lights will be on.
• At distances between 12 inches (0.3 m)
and 23 inches (0.6 m), all three lights
(amber/amber/red) will be on.
• At distances less than 12 inches (0.3 m),
a beeping sound will repeat for a short time and
all three lights (amber/amber/red) will flash.
When the System Does Not Seem to
Work Properly
If the URPA system will not activate due to a
temporary condition, the message PARKING
ASSIST OFF will be displayed on the DIC screen
and a red light will come on the URPA display
when the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R).
This occurs under the following conditions:
• The driver disables the system.
• The parking brake pedal is depressed.
• A trailer was attached to your vehicle, or a
bicycle or an object was hanging out of
your trunk during your last drive when you
turned off the vehicle. If the attached objects
are removed from your vehicle before the start
of your next drive, the system will return to
normal operation unless an object is detected
when the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE (R).
If this occurs, URPA assumes the object is still
attached, so you will have to wait until the
vehicle is driven forward above 15 mph
(25 km/h) before URPA will return to normal
operation.
215
• The ultrasonic sensors are not kept clean. So,
be sure to keep your vehicle’s rear bumper free
of mud, dirt, snow, ice, and slush. For cleaning
instructions, see Washing Your Vehicle on
page 501. If the DIC still displays the PARKING
ASSIST OFF message after cleaning the
bumper and driving forward at a speed of at
least 15 mph (25 km/h), see your dealer.
• Other conditions that may affect system
performance include vibrations from a
jackhammer or the compression of air brakes
on a very large truck or other mechanical
devices that interfere with URPA performance.
• When URPA is disabled without driver action
and the driver attempts to turn URPA back
on by pressing the rear park aid button, the
indicator light will flash for 3 seconds and then
stay lit to indicate that URPA is off.
216
As always, drivers should use care when backing
up a vehicle. Always look behind you, being
sure to check for other vehicles, obstructions and
blind spots.
For Driver Information Center messages related
to URPA, see DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 248.
If the vehicle bumper is damaged, the URPA
system may not work properly. Take the vehicle to
your dealer to repair the system.
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
Accessory power outlets can be used to connect
auxiliary electrical equipment, such as a cellular
telephone or CB radio.
One outlet is located in the center console. Lift
up on the lower latch located at the front of
the console lid to access the outlet.
There may also be an accessory power outlet
located on the back of the center console above
the cupholder.
To use an outlet, lift up on the spring-loaded
protective cap. When not in use, the cap
will automatically close over the outlet. The
accessory power outlet is powered at all times.
Do not try to put the cigarette lighter in any of the
accessory outlets.
Notice: If electrical devices are left plugged
into a power outlet, the battery may drain
causing your vehicle not to start or damage to
the battery. This would not be covered by
the warranty. Always unplug all electrical
devices when turning off your vehicle.
Certain electrical accessories may not be
compatible with the accessory power outlet and
could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses.
If you experience a problem see your dealer for
additional information on accessory power outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to
your vehicle may damage it or keep other
components from working as they should.
The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not use equipment exceeding
maximum amperage rating of 20 amperes.
Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to
follow the proper installation instructions included
with the electrical equipment you install.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory or accessory
bracket from the plug because the power
outlets are designed for accessory power
plugs only.
217
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
Analog Clock
The front ashtray and cigarette lighter are located in
the center console near the cupholders, if the
vehicle has them. Press on the access door to open
it and use the ashtray and lighter.
To adjust the clock, do the following:
1. Locate the adjustment button, near the lower
left corner of the clock.
Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other
flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes
or other smoking materials could ignite
them and possibly damage your vehicle.
Never put flammable items in the ashtray.
To remove the ashtray, pull it from the center
console. Slide it back in and push down to be sure
it is secure.
To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way,
and let go. When it is ready, it will pop back
out by itself.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating will not allow the lighter to back
away from the heating element when it is hot.
Damage from overheating may occur to the
lighter or heating element, or a fuse could be
blown. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in
while it is heating.
218
2. Push and hold the adjustment button to
advance the clock hands. Release the
button before you get to the desired time.
3. Push and release the button to increase the
time by one minute increments until the
desired time is reached.
Climate Controls
Dual Automatic Climate Control
System
With this system, you can control the heating,
cooling, and ventilation in your vehicle. Your
vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation system
described later in this section.
Driver’s Side Temperature Knob
The driver’s side knob is used to adjust the
temperature of the air coming through the system
on the driver’s side. The temperature can be
adjusted even if the system is turned off. This is
possible since outside air will always flow through
the system as the vehicle is moving forward
unless it is set to recirculation mode. See
“Recirculation” later in this section.
Turn the knob counterclockwise or clockwise to
lower or increase the temperature inside the
vehicle. The display will show the temperature
setting decreasing or increasing.
Passenger’s Side Temperature Knob
Climate Control with Cooled and Heated Seats
shown
You can select different climate control settings for
the driver and passengers.
The passenger’s side knob can be used to change
the temperature of the air coming through the
system on the passenger’s side of the vehicle. The
temperature can be adjusted even if the system
is turned off. This is possible since outside air will
always flow through the system as the vehicle
is moving forward unless it is set to recirculation
mode. See “Recirculation” later in this section.
219
Turn the knob counterclockwise or clockwise to
lower or increase the temperature inside the
vehicle. The display will show the temperature
setting decreasing or increasing.
Set the passenger’s temperature setting to match
the driver’s temperature setting by pressing the
passenger power knob.
Automatic Operation
AUTO (Automatic): When automatic operation
is active the system will control the inside
temperature, the air delivery, and the fan speed.
Use the steps below to place the entire system
in automatic mode:
1. Press the AUTO button.
When AUTO is selected, the display will
change to show the current temperature(s)
and AUTO will appear. The current delivery
mode and fan speed will also be displayed for
approximately five seconds.
220
When AUTO is selected, the air conditioning
operation and air inlet will be automatically
controlled. The air conditioning compressor will
run when the outside temperature is over
about 40°F (4°C). The air inlet will normally be
set to outside air. If it is hot outside, the air
inlet may automatically switch to recirculate
inside air to help quickly cool down your
vehicle. The light on the button will come on
in recirculation.
2. Set the driver’s and passenger’s temperature.
To find your comfort setting, start with a
74°F (23°C) temperature setting and allow
about 20 minutes for the system to regulate.
Use the driver’s or passenger’s temperature
buttons to adjust the temperature setting
as necessary. If you choose the temperature
setting of 60°F (15°C), the system will
remain at the maximum cooling setting.
If you choose the temperature setting of
90°F (32°C), the system will remain at the
maximum heat setting. Choosing either
maximum setting will not cause the vehicle
to heat or cool any faster.
Be careful not to cover the sensor located on the
top of the instrument panel near the windshield.
This sensor regulates air temperature based
on sun load and also turns on your headlamps.
Manual Operation
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the
system will delay turning on the fan until warm air
is available. The length of delay depends on
the engine coolant temperature. Pressing the fan
switch will override this delay and change the
fan to a selected speed.
y9 z (Fan): The switch with the fan symbol
allows you to manually adjust the fan speed.
Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and the
down arrow to decrease fan speed.
O (Off): Press the driver’s side temperature
Pressing either arrow while using automatic
operation will place the fan in manual operation.
The fan setting will display and the AUTO light will
turn off. The air delivery will remain in automatic
operation.
knob to turn off the climate control system.
Outside air will still enter the vehicle, and will
be directed to the floor. This direction can
be changed by pressing the mode button. The
temperature can also be adjusted using either
temperature knob. Press the up or down arrows
on the fan switch, the defrost button, the
AUTO button, driver’s side temperature knob,
or the air conditioning button to turn the system on
when it is off.
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or
fan speed.
Pressing this button when the system is off will
turn the system on.
N (Mode): Press this button to manually change
the direction of the airflow in your vehicle.
Repeatedly press the button until the desired
mode appears on the display.
When the system is turned off, the display will go
blank after displaying the current status of the
system.
221
H (Vent): This setting will deliver air to the
instrument panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level): This mode allows for split air to
the instrument panel outlets and to the floor
outlets. The flow can be divided between vent and
floor outlets depending upon where the knob is
placed between the settings. A little air is directed
towards the windshield and side window vents.
Cooler air is directed to the upper vents and
warmer air to the floor vents.
6 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air
to the floor outlets, with some of the air directed
to the windshield, side window outlets, and
second row floor outlets. In this mode, the
system will automatically select Outside Air.
- (Defog): See “Defogging and Defrosting”
later in this section.
222
@ (Recirculation): Press this button to turn
the recirculation mode on. When the button
is pressed, an indicator light will come on.
This mode keeps outside air from entering the
vehicle. It can be used to reduce outside air and
odors from entering your vehicle. Recirculation
may also help cool the air inside your vehicle
more quickly once the temperature inside
the vehicle is less than the outside temperature.
The recirculation mode cannot be used with
floor, defrost, or defogging modes.
If you try to select recirculation in one of those
modes, the indicator will flash three times and turn
off. The air conditioning compressor will also
come on when this mode is activated. While in
recirculation mode the windows may fog when
the weather is cold and damp. To clear the
fog, select either the blend or defrost mode and
increase the fan speed. Recirculation mode can
be turned off by pressing the button again, or
turning off the engine.
Air Conditioning
# (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn
the air conditioning (A/C) compressor on and
off. When air conditioning is selected, an indicator
light will come on to let you know that the air
conditioning has been activated.
Pressing this button when the outside temperature
is too cool for air conditioning will make the air
conditioning indicator flash three times and then
turn off indicating the air conditioning mode
is not available. If the air conditioning is on and the
outside temperature drops below a temperature
which is too cool for air conditioning to be effective,
the air conditioning light will turn off to let you know
the air conditioning mode has been canceled.
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot inside air escape. This helps to reduce the
time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also
helps the system to operate more efficiently.
The air conditioning system removes moisture
from the air, so you may sometimes notice a
small amount of water dripping underneath your
vehicle while idling or after turning off the engine.
This is normal.
If your vehicle has heated seats or heated and
cooled seats, see Heated Seats on page 10
or Heated and Cooled Seats on page 11.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of the windows is a result of
high humidity (moisture) condensing on the
cool window glass. This can be minimized if the
climate control system is used properly. There
are two modes to clear fog or frost from your
windshield. Use the defog mode to clear
the windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove
fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.
Use the mode up and down arrows to select the
defog or defrost modes.
- (Defog): This mode directs air to the
windshield, floor outlets, and side window vents.
When you select this mode, the system turns
off recirculation and runs the air conditioning
compressor unless the outside temperature is
close to freezing. The recirculation mode cannot
be selected while in the defog mode. Do not drive
the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
223
0 (Defrost): This mode directs a portion of the
air to the windshield, side window vents and
some to the floor vents. In this mode, the system
will automatically force outside air into your
vehicle. The recirculation mode cannot be selected
while in the defrost mode. The air conditioning
compressor will run automatically in this setting,
unless the outside temperature is close to freezing.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows
are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
< (Rear Window Defogger): The rear window
defogger will turn off automatically after it has
been activated. The defogger can also be turned
off by pressing the button again or by turning
off the engine. Do not drive the vehicle until all
the windows are clear.
If your vehicle has heated outside rearview
mirrors, the mirrors will heat to help clear fog or
frost from the surface of the mirror when the
rear window defog button is pressed. See Outside
Power Foldaway Mirrors on page 149.
224
Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp
object to clear the inside rear window. Do not
adhere anything to the defogger grid lines
in the rear glass. These actions may damage
the rear defogger. Repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
Outlet Adjustment
Your vehicle has air outlets located in the center
and on the side of the instrument panel that
allow you to adjust the direction and amount of
airflow inside the vehicle. There are also air outlets
on the rear of the center console for rear seat
passenger use. Move the louvers up or down. Use
the rotary knob next to or underneath the outlet
to close the louvers. For the most efficient airflow
and temperature control, keep the outlet in the
fully opened position.
Operation Tips
• Keep the hood and front air inlets free of ice,
snow, or any other obstruction, such as
leaves. The heater and defroster will work far
better, reducing the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
• Keep the air path under the front seats clear
of objects. This helps air to circulate
throughout your vehicle.
• Adding outside equipment to the front of your
vehicle, such as hood-air deflectors, etc.,
may affect the performance of the heating and
air conditioning system. Check with your
dealer before adding equipment to the outside
of your vehicle.
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages
on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that
something is wrong before it becomes serious
enough to cause an expensive repair or
replacement. Paying attention to your warning
lights and gages could also save you or others
from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As
you will see in the details on the next few
pages, some warning lights come on briefly when
you start the engine just to let you know they
are working. If you are familiar with this section,
you should not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is
a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions.
Often gages and warning lights work together
to let you know when there is a problem with
your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and
stays on when you are driving, or when one of
the gages shows there may be a problem, check
the section that tells you what to do about it.
Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do
repairs can be costly – and even dangerous.
So please get to know your warning lights and
gages. They are a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center
(DIC) that works along with the warning lights
and gages. See Driver Information Center (DIC)
on page 243.
225
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running.
You will know how fast you are going, about how much fuel you have and many other things you will
need to know to drive safely and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar.
226
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
The speedometer lets you see your vehicle’s speed
in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers
per hour (km/h).
The trip odometer can tell you how far your
vehicle has been driven since you last set the
trip odometer to zero.
The odometer works together with the Driver
Information Center (DIC). The odometer mileage
can be checked without the vehicle running by
pressing the Trip/Fuel button on the instrument
panel cluster. See “Odometer” under DIC Operation
and Displays on page 243 for more information.
For more information see “Trip Odometer” under
DIC Operation and Displays on page 243.
If your vehicle ever needs a new odometer
installed, the new one will be set to the correct
mileage total of the old odometer.
Tachometer
Your tachometer displays the engine speed in
revolutions per minute (rpm).
227
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a
chime will sound for several seconds to remind
people to buckle their safety belts. The driver
safety belt light will also come on and stay on for
several seconds. Then it will flash for several
more. You should buckle your seat belt.
This chime and light
will be repeated if the
driver remains
unbuckled and the
vehicle is in motion.
If the driver’s belt is buckled, neither the chime nor
the light will come on.
Passenger Safety Belt
Reminder Light
Several seconds after the key is turned to RUN
or START, a chime will sound for several seconds
to remind the front passenger to buckle their
safety belt. This would only occur if the passenger
airbag is enabled. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 78 for more information. The
passenger safety belt light will also come on and
stay on for several seconds, then it will flash
for several more.
This chime and light
will be repeated if
the passenger remains
unbuckled and the
vehicle is in motion.
See Passenger Sensing System on page 78 for
more information.
If the passenger’s safety belt is buckled, neither
the chime nor the light will come on.
228
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the
instrument panel, which shows the airbag symbol.
The system checks the airbag’s electrical system
for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. The system check includes the
airbag sensors, the airbag modules, the wiring and
the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more
information on the airbag system, see Airbag
System on page 67.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds. Then
the light should go out.
This means the system
is ready.
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after
you start your vehicle, it means the airbag
system may not be working properly. The
airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in
a crash, or they could even inflate without
a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself
or others, have your vehicle serviced right
away if the airbag readiness light stays on
after you start your vehicle.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start the vehicle or comes on when you are
driving, your airbag system may not work
properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a
few seconds when you turn the ignition key to
RUN. If the light does not come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is
a problem.
229
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
Your vehicle has the passenger sensing system.
Your overhead console has a passenger airbag
status indicator.
If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the
passenger airbag status indicator, it means that
the right front passenger’s frontal airbag is enabled
(may inflate).
{CAUTION:
Passenger Airbag
Status
Indicator – United
States
Passenger Airbag
Status
Indicator – Canada
When the ignition key is turned to RUN or START,
the passenger airbag status indicator will light
ON and OFF, or the symbol for on and off,
for several seconds as a system check. Then,
after several more seconds, the status indicator
will light either ON or OFF, or either the on
or off symbol to let you know the status of the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag.
230
If the on indicator comes on when you
have a rear-facing child restraint installed
in the right front passenger’s seat, it means
that the passenger sensing system has not
turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front passenger’s
seat if the airbag is turned on.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is failsafe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be secured
in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.
If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the
airbag status indicator, it means that the
passenger sensing system has turned off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 78 for more on this,
including important safety information.
If, after several seconds, all status indicator lights
remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there
may be a problem with the lights or the passenger
sensing system. See your dealer for service.
{CAUTION:
If the off indicator and the airbag readiness
light ever come on together, it means
that something may be wrong with the
airbag system. If this ever happens, have
the vehicle serviced promptly, because
an adult-size person sitting in the right
front passenger seat may not have the
protection of the frontal airbag. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 229.
231
Charging System Light
The charging system
light will come on briefly
when you turn the
ignition to the START
position, as a check to
show you it is working.
The light should go out once the engine is running.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you
may have a problem with the charging system. It
could indicate that you have problems with the
generator, the generator drive belt, or another
electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.
When this light comes on, the Driver Information
Center (DIC) will also display the SERVICE
BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM message. See
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 248
for more information.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such
as the radio and air conditioner, to reduce
the drain on the battery.
Brake System Warning Light
With the ignition on, the brake system warning
light will come on when you set the parking brake.
If you try to drive with the parking brake engaged,
a chime will sound when the vehicle speed is
greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided
into two parts. If one part is not working, the
other part can still work and stop you. For good
braking, though, you need both parts working well.
232
If the warning light comes on and a chime sounds
there could be a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
This light may also come on due to low brake fluid.
See Brakes on page 433 for more information.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull
off the road and stop carefully. You may notice
that the pedal is harder to push or may go closer
to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the
light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service.
See Towing Your Vehicle on page 378.
{CAUTION:
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn
the ignition key to RUN. If it does not come
on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn
you if there is a problem.
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving with the brake system
warning light on can lead to an accident.
If the light is still on after you have pulled
off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
233
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light
With the Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS), this light
will come on when you
start your engine and
may stay on for several
seconds.
That is normal. If the light does not come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
234
If the light stays on, or comes on when you are
driving, your vehicle needs service. You will
also hear a chime sound when the light is on
steady. If the regular brake system warning light
is not on, you still have brakes, but you do
not have ABS. If the regular brake system warning
light is also on you do not have ABS and there
is a problem with your regular brakes. In addition
to both lights, you will also hear a chime sound
on the first occurrence of a problem and each time
the vehicle is shut off and then restarted. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 232.
The ABS warning light should come on briefly
when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light
does not come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light
This warning light
should come on
briefly when the
engine is started.
If the warning light does not come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there
is a problem. If it stays on, or comes on when
you are driving, there may be a problem with your
StabiliTrak® system and your vehicle may need
service. When this warning light is on, the system
is off and will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
This light will also flash when the StabiliTrak®
system is active.
If the StabiliTrak® system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time
when the system is turned on, your vehicle needs
service. See StabiliTrak® System on page 330
for more information.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the
engine coolant
temperature.
If the indicator on the gage moves towards the
shaded in thermostat, it means that your engine
coolant has overheated. If you have been
operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop
your vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as
possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 422.
235
Tire Pressure Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the ignition to RUN.
This light will flash for approximately 60 seconds
and then turn on solid if a problem is detected with
the Tire Pressure Monitor system.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 462
for more information.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
This light will also come on when one or more of
your tires are significantly underinflated.
A CHECK TIRE PRESSURE message in the
Driver Information Center (DIC) will accompany
the light, see DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 248.
Stop and check your tires as soon as it is safe to do
so. If underinflated, inflate to the proper pressure.
See Tires on page 454 for more information.
236
Your vehicle has a
computer which
monitors operation
of the fuel, ignition,
and emission control
systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable
levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce
a cleaner environment. The check engine light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often will be
indicated by the system before any problem is
apparent. This may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle. This system is also designed to
assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake, or fuel system
of your vehicle or the replacement of the
original tires with other than those of the same
Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect
your vehicle’s emission controls and may
cause this light to come on. Modifications to
these systems could lead to costly repairs
not covered by your warranty. This may also
result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 397.
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with
this light on, after awhile, your emission
controls may not work as well, your fuel
economy may not be as good, and your engine
may not run as smoothly. This could lead to
costly repairs that may not be covered by
your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show
you it is working, when the ignition is on and the
engine is not running. If the light does not
come on, have it repaired. This light will also
come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has
been detected. A misfire increases vehicle
emissions and may damage the emission
control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis
and service may be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may
be required.
237
If the Light is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle:
• Reducing vehicle speed
• Avoiding hard accelerations
• Avoiding steep uphill grades
• If you are towing a trailer, reduce the
amount of cargo being hauled as soon as
it is possible
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to
do so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to
park your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least
10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light
remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady”
following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service
as soon as possible.
238
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 402.
The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed.
A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving
trips with the cap properly installed should turn
the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of
water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The
condition will usually be corrected when the
electrical system dries out. A few driving trips
should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 399. Poor fuel
quality will cause your engine not to run as
efficiently as designed. You may notice this as
stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration.
(These conditions may go away once the engine
is warmed up.) This will be detected by the
system and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at
least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the
light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light
turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle.
Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
check engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if
the OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines
that critical emission control systems have not
been completely diagnosed by the system.
The vehicle would be considered not ready for
inspection. This can happen if you have recently
replaced your battery or if your battery has
run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of
routine driving. If you have done this and
your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for
lack of OBD system readiness, your GM dealer
can prepare the vehicle for inspection.
239
Oil Pressure Light
This light will come on
briefly when you start
your engine.
That is a check to be sure the light works. If it
does not come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will
be there to warn you if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means
that oil is not flowing through your engine
properly. You could be low on oil and you might
have some other system problem.
Security Light
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is
low. If you do, your engine can become so
hot that it catches fire. You or others
could be burned. Check your oil as soon
as possible and have your vehicle
serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
240
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the key toward START.
The light will stay on
until the engine starts.
See PASS-Key® III+ Operation on page 121 for
more information.
Fog Lamp Light
Cruise Control Light
The fog lamps light will
come on when the fog
lamps are in use.
This light comes on
whenever you set your
cruise control.
The light will go out when the fog lamps are
turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 211 for
more information.
The light will go out when the cruise control is
turned off. See Cruise Control on page 201 for
more information.
Lights On Reminder
Highbeam On Light
This light comes on
whenever the parking
lamps are on.
See Exterior Lamps on page 204 for more
information.
This light will come on
when the high-beam
headlamps are in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 197.
241
Tow/Haul Mode Light
This light is displayed
when the Tow/Haul
mode has been
activated.
For more information, see Towing a Trailer on
page 380 and Tow/Haul Mode on page 135.
Fuel Gage
When the ignition
is on, the fuel gage
tells you about
how much fuel you
have left in your tank.
242
The gage will first indicate empty before you are
out of fuel, and you should get more fuel as
soon as possible.
Here are some situations you may experience with
your fuel gage. None of these indicate a problem
with the fuel gage.
• At the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than
the fuel gage indicated. For example, the
gage may have indicated the tank was half full,
but it actually took a little more or less than
half the tank’s capacity to fill the tank.
• The gage goes back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
DIC Operation and Displays
Your vehicle has a Driver Information Center (DIC).
The DIC has different displays which can be
accessed by pressing the DIC buttons located
on the instrument panel, next to the steering wheel.
The DIC displays information about your vehicle.
It also displays warning messages if a system
problem is detected. The DIC also allows some
features to be customized. See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 257 for more information.
All messages will appear in the DIC display located
in the center of the instrument panel cluster.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After
a short delay, the DIC will display the information
that was last displayed before the engine was
turned off.
The DIC displays trip, fuel, and vehicle system
information, and warning messages if a system
problem is detected. A digital speedometer
also appears at the bottom of the DIC display. The
digital speedometer can be enabled or disabled.
See “DISPLAY DIGITAL SPEED” under DIC
Vehicle Customization on page 257 for more
information.
See DIC Operation and Displays on page 243 and
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 257 for the
displays available.
243
U (Customization): Press this button to
DIC Buttons
The buttons are
the trip/fuel,
vehicle information,
customization,
and set/reset buttons.
The button functions
are detailed in the
following pages.
customize the feature settings on your vehicle.
See DIC Vehicle Customization on page 257
for more information.
V (Set/Reset): Press this button to set or reset
certain functions and to turn off or acknowledge
messages on the DIC.
Trip/Fuel Menu Items
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to scroll
through the following menu items:
Odometer
the odometer, trip odometer, fuel range, average
economy, fuel used, timer, and transmission
temperature.
Press the trip/fuel button until ODOMETER
displays. This display shows the distance the
vehicle has been driven in either miles (mi)
or kilometers (km).
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button to
To switch between English and metric
measurements, see “Units” later in this section.
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to display
display the oil life, units, tire pressure readings
for vehicles with a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM) system
programming for vehicles with a TPM system, and
remote keyless entry transmitter programming.
244
Trip Odometer
Press the trip/fuel button until TRIP displays. This
display shows the current distance traveled in
either miles (mi) or kilometers (km) since the last
reset for the trip odometer.
The trip odometer can be reset to zero by pressing
the set/reset button while the trip odometer is
displayed.
Fuel Range
Press the trip/fuel button until FUEL RANGE
displays. This display shows the approximate
number of remaining miles (mi) or kilometers (km)
the vehicle can be driven without refueling. The
display will show LOW if the fuel level is low.
The fuel range estimate is based on an average
of the vehicle’s fuel economy over recent
driving history and the amount of fuel remaining
in the fuel tank. This estimate will change if driving
conditions change. For example, if driving in
traffic and making frequent stops, this display
may read one number, but if the vehicle is driven
on a freeway, the number may change even
though the same amount of fuel is in the fuel tank.
This is because different driving conditions
produce different fuel economies. Generally,
freeway driving produces better fuel economy
than city driving. Fuel range cannot be reset.
Average Economy
Press the trip/fuel button until AVERAGE
ECONOMY displays. This display shows the
approximate average miles per gallon (mpg) or
liters per 100 kilometers (L/100 km). This number
is calculated based on the number of mpg
(L/100 km) recorded since the last time this menu
item was reset. To reset AVERAGE ECONOMY,
press and hold the set/reset button.
Fuel Used
Press the trip/fuel button until FUEL USED
displays. This display shows the number of
gallons (gal) or liters (L) of fuel used since the last
reset of this menu item. To reset the fuel used
information, press and hold the set/reset button
while FUEL USED is displayed.
245
Timer
Vehicle Information Menu Items
Press the trip/fuel button until TIMER displays.
This display can be used as a timer.
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button to
To start the timer, press the set/reset button while
TIMER is displayed. The display will show the
amount of time that has passed since the timer was
last reset, not including time the ignition is off. Time
will continue to be counted as long as the ignition is
on, even if another display is being shown on the
DIC. The timer will record up to 99 hours,
59 minutes and 59 seconds (99:59:59) after which
the display will return to zero.
To stop the timer, press the set/reset button briefly
while TIMER is displayed.
To reset the timer to zero, press and hold the
set/reset button while TIMER is displayed.
Transmission Temperature
Press the trip/fuel button until TRANS TEMP
displays. This display shows the temperature of
the automatic transmission fluid in either degrees
Fahrenheit (°F) or degrees Celsius (°C).
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
246
scroll through the following menu items:
Oil Life
Press the vehicle information button until OIL LIFE
REMAINING displays. This display shows an
estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life. If you see
99% OIL LIFE REMAINING on the display, that
means 99% of the current oil life remains. The
engine oil life system will alert you to change your
oil on a schedule consistent with your driving
conditions.
When the remaining oil life is low, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message will appear on the
display. See “CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON” under
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 248. You
should change your oil as soon as you can. See
Engine Oil on page 407. In addition to the engine oil
life system monitoring the oil life, additional
maintenance is recommended in the Maintenance
Schedule in this manual. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 523 for more information.
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE display
yourself after each oil change. It will not reset
itself. Also, be careful not to reset the OIL LIFE
display accidentally at any time other than
when the oil has just been changed. It cannot be
reset accurately until the next oil change. To
reset the engine oil life system, see Engine Oil
Life System on page 410.
Units
Press the vehicle information button until UNITS
displays. This display allows you to select between
English or Metric units of measurement. Once in
this display, press the set/reset button to select
between ENGLISH or METRIC units. All of
the vehicle information will then be displayed in
the unit of measurement selected.
Tire Pressure
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, the pressure for each tire can be viewed in
the DIC. The tire pressure will be shown in either
pounds per square inch (psi) or kilopascals (kPa).
Press the vehicle information button until the DIC
displays FRONT TIRES PSI (kPa) LEFT ##
RIGHT ##. Press the vehicle information button
again until the DIC displays REAR TIRES PSI (kPa)
LEFT ## RIGHT ##.
If a low or high tire pressure condition is detected
by the system while driving, a message advising
you to check the pressure in a specific tire
will appear in the display. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 460 and DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 248 for more information.
If the tire pressure display shows dashes
instead of a value, there may be a problem with
your vehicle. If this consistently occurs, see
your dealer for service.
Relearn Tire Positions
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, after rotating the tires or after replacing
a tire or sensor, the system must re-learn the tire
positions. To re-learn the tire positions, see
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 462. See
Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 467 and DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 248 for more
information.
247
Relearn Remote Key
Blank Display
This display allows you to match remote keyless
entry transmitters to your vehicle. To match a
remote keyless entry transmitter to your vehicle,
do the following:
This display shows no information.
1. Press the vehicle information button until
PRESS V TO RELEARN REMOTE KEY
displays.
2. Press the set/reset button until REMOTE KEY
LEARNING ACTIVE is displayed.
3. Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons
on the first transmitter at the same time for
approximately 15 seconds.
A chime will sound indicating that the
transmitter is matched.
4. To match additional transmitters at this
time, repeat Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of
eight transmitters matched to it.
5. To exit the programming mode, you must
cycle the key to LOCK.
248
DIC Warnings and Messages
Messages are displayed on the DIC to notify the
driver that the status of the vehicle has changed
and that some action may be needed by the driver
to correct the condition. Multiple messages may
appear one after another.
Some messages may not require immediate
action, but you can press any of the DIC buttons
on the instrument panel to acknowledge that
you received the messages and to clear them
from the display.
Some messages cannot be cleared from the
DIC display because they are more urgent.
These messages require action before they
can be cleared. You should take any messages
that appear on the display seriously and remember
that clearing the messages will only make the
messages disappear, not correct the problem.
The following are the possible messages that can
be displayed and some information about them.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
This message will display when the engine oil
needs to be changed. When you change the
engine oil, be sure to reset the CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON message. See Engine Oil Life
System on page 410 for information on how to
reset the message. This message will clear itself
after 10 seconds until the next ignition cycle
or until the message is reset. See Engine Oil on
page 407 and Scheduled Maintenance on
page 523 for more information.
message appears on the DIC, stop as soon as
you can. Have the tire pressures checked and set
to those shown on your Tire Loading Information
Label. See Tires on page 454, Loading Your
Vehicle on page 372, and Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 460. The DIC display also shows the
tire pressure values for the front and rear tires by
pressing the vehicle information button. See
DIC Operation and Displays on page 243. If the
tire pressure is low, the low tire pressure warning
light will come on. See Tire Pressure Light on
page 236.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
DRIVER DOOR OPEN
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message will display when the
pressure in one or more of the vehicle’s tires need
to be checked. This message will also display
LEFT FRONT, RIGHT FRONT, LEFT REAR, or
RIGHT REAR to indicate which tire needs to
be checked. You can receive more than one tire
pressure message at a time. To read the other
messages that may have been sent at the same
time, press the set/reset button. If a tire pressure
If the driver’s door is not fully closed and the
vehicle is in a drive gear, this message will display
and a chime will sound. Stop and turn off the
vehicle, check the door for obstructions, and close
the door again. Check to see if the message
still appears on the DIC.
249
ENGINE HOT A/C (Air Conditioning)
TURNED OFF
This message will display when the engine
coolant becomes hotter than the normal operating
temperature. See Engine Coolant Temperature
Gage on page 235. To avoid added strain on
a hot engine, the air conditioning compressor
automatically turns off. When the coolant
temperature returns to normal, the air conditioning
compressor will turn back on. You can continue
to drive your vehicle.
If this message continues to appear, have the
system repaired by your dealer as soon as
possible to avoid damage to your engine.
ENGINE OIL LOW ADD OIL
If your vehicle has an oil level sensor and the
oil level in the vehicle is low, this message
will display. Check the oil level and correct it as
necessary. You may need to let the vehicle cool
or warm up and cycle the ignition to be sure
this message will clear.
This message will clear itself after 10 seconds,
until the next ignition cycle. See Engine Oil
on page 407 for additional information.
250
ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears
on the instrument panel cluster and/or
DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 422 for
more information.
This message will display when the engine
coolant temperature is too hot. Stop and allow
the vehicle to idle until it cools down. See
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 235.
See Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode on page 425 for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears
on the instrument panel cluster and/or
DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 422 for more
information.
If the engine cooling system reaches unsafe
temperatures for operation, this message
will display and a chime will sound. Stop and
turn off the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do
so to avoid severe damage. This message
will clear when the engine has cooled to a safe
operating temperature.
ENGINE POWER IS REDUCED
This message will display and a chime will sound
when the cooling system temperature gets too
hot and the engine further enters the engine
coolant protection mode. See Engine Overheating
on page 422 for further information.
This message will also display when the vehicle’s
engine power is reduced. Reduced engine
power can affect the vehicle’s ability to accelerate.
If this message is on, but there is no reduction
in performance, proceed to your destination.
The performance may be reduced the next time
the vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be driven
at a reduced speed while this message is on,
but acceleration and speed may be reduced.
Anytime this message stays on, the vehicle
should be taken to your dealer for service
as soon as possible.
FUEL LEVEL LOW
If the fuel level is low, this message will display
and a chime will sound. Refuel as soon as
possible. See Fuel Gage on page 242 and
Fuel on page 399 for more information.
HOOD OPEN
If the hood is not fully closed, this message will
display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn off
the vehicle, check the hood for obstructions,
and close the hood again. Check to see if
the message still appears on the DIC.
LEFT REAR DOOR OPEN
If the driver’s side rear door is not fully closed and
the vehicle is in a drive gear, this message will
display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstructions,
and close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
251
MANUAL SHIFT X
PARKING ASSIST OFF
If your vehicle has the Range Selection Mode and
the shift lever is in the MANUAL MODE (M)
position, the DIC will display this message along
with the current gear. If shifting is prevented for any
reason, the currently selected gear will flash
multiple times, indicating that the transmission has
not shifted gears. See Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 129 for more information.
After the vehicle has been started, this message
will display to remind the driver that the Ultrasonic
Rear Parking Assist (URPA) system has been
turned off. Press the set/reset button to
acknowledge this message and clear it from the
DIC display. To turn the URPA system back
on, see Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
on page 213.
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE
PASSENGER DOOR OPEN
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while
the engine oil pressure is low, severe engine
damage may occur. If a low oil pressure
warning appears on the Driver Information
Center (DIC), stop the vehicle as soon as
possible. Do not drive the vehicle until the
cause of the low oil pressure is corrected. See
Engine Oil on page 407 for more information.
If the passenger’s door is not fully closed and
the vehicle is in a drive gear, this message
will display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstructions,
and close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
If low oil pressure levels occur, this message
will display. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and do not operate it until the cause
of the low oil pressure has been corrected. Check
your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced by your dealer. See Engine Oil on
page 407.
This message will display while you are matching
a remote keyless entry transmitter to your
vehicle. See “Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle” under Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 93 and DIC Operation
and Displays on page 243 for more information.
252
REMOTE KEY LEARNING ACTIVE
REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
If a remote keyless entry transmitter battery is low,
this message will display. The battery needs to
be replaced in the transmitter. See “Battery
Replacement” under Remote Keyless Entry
System Operation on page 93.
RIGHT REAR DOOR OPEN
If the passenger’s side rear door is not fully closed
and the vehicle is in a drive gear, this message
will display and a chime will sound. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstructions,
and close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
SERVICE AIR BAG
If there is a problem with the airbag system, this
message will display. Have your dealer inspect
the system for problems. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 229 and Airbag System on page 67
for more information.
SERVICE BATTERY CHARGING
SYSTEM
On some vehicles, if there is a problem with the
battery charging system, this message will display.
Under certain conditions, the charging system
light may also turn on in the instrument panel
cluster. See Charging System Light on page 232.
Driving with this problem could drain the battery.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories. Have
the electrical system checked as soon as possible.
See your dealer.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
If there is a problem with the brake system, this
message will display along with the brake system
warning light. See Brake System Warning Light
on page 232. If this message appears, stop
as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle.
Restart the vehicle and check for the message on
the DIC display. If the message is still displayed
or appears again when you begin driving, the
brake system needs service as soon as possible.
See your dealer.
253
SERVICE BRAKES SOON
If there is a problem with the brake system, this
message will display. If this message appears,
stop as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle.
Restart the vehicle and check for the message
on the DIC display. If the message is still displayed
or appears again when you begin driving, the
brake system needs service. See your dealer.
SERVICE PARKING ASSIST
This message will display if there is a problem
with the Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
system. Do not use this system to help you park.
See Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA)
on page 213 for more information. See your
dealer for service.
SERVICE STABILITRAK
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak® and this message
displays, it means there may be a problem
with the StabiliTrak® system. If you see this
message, try to reset the system. Stop; turn off
the engine for at least 15 seconds; then start
the engine again. If this message still comes on, it
means there is a problem. You should see your
dealer for service. The vehicle is safe to drive,
however, you do not have the benefit of
StabiliTrak®, so reduce your speed and drive
accordingly.
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYSTEM
This message will display when the Road Sensing
Suspension (RSS) system is not operating
properly. Have your vehicle serviced by your
dealer.
SERVICE THEFT DETERRENT SYSTEM
This message will display when there is a
problem with the theft-deterrent system. The
vehicle may or may not restart so you may want
to take the vehicle to your dealer before turning off
the engine. See PASS-Key® III+ Operation on
page 121 for more information.
254
SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
STABILITRAK OFF
If your vehicle has the Tire Pressure Monitor
(TPM) system, this message will display if a part
on the system is not working properly. If you
drive your vehicle while any of the four sensors
are missing or inoperable, the warning will
come on in about 20 minutes. A sensor would
be missing, for example, if you put different wheels
on your vehicle without transferring the sensors.
If the warning comes on and stays on, there
may be a problem with the TPM. See your dealer.
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message will
display when you turn off StabiliTrak®, or when
the stability control has been automatically
disabled. To limit wheel spin and realize the full
benefits of the stability enhancement system, you
should normally leave StabiliTrak® on. However,
you should turn StabiliTrak® off if your vehicle gets
stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow and you want
to rock your vehicle to attempt to free it, or if you
are driving in extreme off-road conditions and
require more wheel spin. See If Your Vehicle is
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 370.
To turn the StabiliTrak® system on or off, see
StabiliTrak® System on page 330.
SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message will
display when there is a problem with the traction
control system. When this message is displayed,
the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust
your driving accordingly. See your dealer for
service. See StabiliTrak® System on page 330 for
more information.
There are several conditions that can cause this
message to appear.
• One condition is overheating, which could
occur if StabiliTrak® activates continuously
for an extended period of time.
• The message will also be displayed if the
brake system warning light is on. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 232.
255
• The message could be displayed if the
stability system takes longer than usual
to complete
its diagnostic checks due to driving conditions.
• If an engine or vehicle related problem
has been detected and the vehicle needs
service, the message will appear. See your
dealer.
• The message will also appear if the vehicle is
shifted into 4LO.
The message will turn off as soon as the
conditions that caused the message to be
displayed are no longer present.
TIGHTEN GAS CAP
If the vehicle’s fuel cap is not tightened properly,
this message may display along with the check
engine light on the instrument panel cluster.
See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 236.
Reinstall the fuel cap fully. See Filling the Tank
on page 402. The diagnostic system can determine
if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel
to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving
trips with the cap properly installed should turn this
light and message off.
256
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message will display when the
system is re-learning the tire positions on your
vehicle. See DIC Operation and Displays on
page 243 for more information. The tire positions
must be re-learned after rotating the tires or
after replacing a tire or sensor. See Tire Inspection
and Rotation on page 467, Tire Pressure Monitor
System on page 462, and Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 460 for more information.
TRACTION CONTROL OFF
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message
will display when the traction control system
is turned off. Adjust your driving accordingly.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 330 for
more information.
TRANSMISSION HOT IDLE ENGINE
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
transmission fluid is overheating and the
transmission temperature warning is displayed
on the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, you
can damage the transmission. This could lead
to costly repairs that would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not drive your vehicle with
overheated transmission fluid or while the
transmission temperature warning is displayed.
If the washer fluid level is low, this message will
display. Fill the windshield washer fluid reservoir
as soon as possible. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 406 for the location of the
windshield washer fluid reservoir. Also, see
Windshield Washer Fluid on page 432 for more
information.
If the transmission fluid in the vehicle gets hot,
this message will display along with a continuous
chime. Driving with the transmission fluid
temperature high can cause damage to the
vehicle. Stop the vehicle and let it idle to allow
the transmission to cool. This message will
clear and the chime will stop when the fluid
temperature reaches a safe level.
Your vehicle may have customization capabilities
that allow you to program certain features to
one preferred setting. Customization features
can only be programmed to one setting on
the vehicle and cannot be programmed to a
preferred setting for two different drivers.
All of the customization options may not be
available on your vehicle. Only the options
available will be displayed on your DIC.
The default settings for the customization features
were set when your vehicle left the factory, but
may have been changed from their default
state since then.
The customization preferences are automatically
recalled.
TURN SIGNAL ON
If a turn signal is left on for 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km),
this message will display and a chime will
sound. Move the turn signal/multifunction lever
to the off position.
DIC Vehicle Customization
257
1. Turn the ignition on and place the vehicle
in PARK (P).
Press the customization button until the DISPLAY
LANGUAGE screen appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to access the
settings for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll through the
following settings:
2. Press the customization button to scroll
through the available customizable options.
ENGLISH (default): All messages will appear
in English.
To change customization preferences, use the
following procedure.
Entering the Feature Settings Menu
Feature Settings Menu Items
The following are customization features that allow
you to program settings to the vehicle:
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH
This feature will only display if a language other
than English has been set. This feature allows
you to change the language in which the DIC
messages appear to English.
Press the customization button until the PRESS V
TO DISPLAY IN ENGLISH screen appears on
the DIC display. Press the set/reset button once to
display all DIC messages in English.
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
This feature allows you to select the language in
which the DIC messages will appear.
258
DEUTSCH (German): All messages will appear
in German.
ITALIANO (Italian): All messages will appear
in Italian.
FRANCAIS (French): All messages will appear
in French.
ESPANOL (Spanish): All messages will appear
in Spanish.
ARABIC: All messages will appear in Arabic.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
AUTO DOOR LOCK
AUTO DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select when the vehicle’s
doors will automatically lock. See Programmable
Automatic Door Locks on page 102 for more
information.
This feature allows you to select whether or not
to turn off the automatic door unlocking feature.
It also allows you to select which doors and when
the doors will automatically unlock. See
Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 102
for more information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
SHIFT OUT OF PARK (default): The doors,
including the tailgate, will automatically lock when
the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).
AT VEHICLE SPEED: The doors, including
the tailgate, will automatically lock when the
vehicle speed is above 8 mph (13 km/h) for
three seconds.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: None of the doors will automatically unlock.
DRIVER AT KEY OUT: Only the driver’s door
will unlock when the key is taken out of the
ignition.
DRIVER IN PARK: Only the driver’s door will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
ALL AT KEY OUT: All of the doors, including the
tailgate, will unlock when the key is taken out of the
ignition.
259
ALL IN PARK (default): All of the doors, including
the tailgate, will unlock when the vehicle is
shifted into PARK (P).
LIGHTS ONLY: The exterior lamps will flash
when you press the lock button on the RKE
transmitter.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
HORN ONLY: The horn will sound on the
second press of the lock button on the RKE
transmitter.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
REMOTE DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when locking the vehicle
with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
You will not receive feedback when locking
the vehicle with the RKE transmitter if the doors
are open. See Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 93 for more information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no feedback when you press
the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
260
HORN & LIGHTS (default): The exterior lamps will
flash when you press the lock button on the RKE
transmitter, and the horn will sound when the lock
button is pressed again within five seconds of the
previous command.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
REMOTE DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when unlocking the
vehicle with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. You will not receive feedback when
unlocking the vehicle with the RKE transmitter
if the doors are open. See Remote Keyless Entry
System Operation on page 93 for more
information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
LIGHTS OFF: The exterior lamps will not flash
when you press the unlock button on the
RKE transmitter.
LIGHTS ON (default): The exterior lamps will
flash when you press the unlock button on
the RKE transmitter.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
DELAY DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select whether or not the
locking of the vehicle’s doors and tailgate will be
delayed. When locking the doors and tailgate with
the power door lock switch or the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter and a door or the tailgate is
open, this feature will delay locking the doors and
tailgate until five seconds after the last door is
closed. You will hear three chimes to signal that the
delayed locking feature is in use. The key must be
out of the ignition for this feature to work. You can
temporarily override delayed locking by pressing
the power door lock switch or the RKE transmitter a
second time. See Delayed Locking on page 102 for
more information.
Press the customization button until DELAY
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no delayed locking of
the vehicle’s doors.
261
ON (default): The doors will not lock until five
seconds after the last door or the tailgate is closed.
1 MINUTE: The exterior lamps will stay on for
one minute.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
2 MINUTES: The exterior lamps will stay on for
two minutes.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
EXIT LIGHTING
If it is dark enough outside, this feature allows
you to select the amount of time you want
the exterior lamps to remain on. This happens
after the vehicle is unlocked using the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter or if the vehicle
key is turned to LOCK from RUN.
Press the customization button until EXIT
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The exterior lamps will not turn on.
30 SECONDS (default): The exterior lamps will
stay on for 30 seconds.
262
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
APPROACH LIGHTING
This feature allows you to select whether or not to
have the exterior lights turn on briefly during
low light periods after unlocking the vehicle using
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
Press the customization button until APPROACH
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The exterior lights will not turn on when you
unlock the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
ON (default): If it is dark enough outside, the
exterior lights will turn on briefly when you unlock
the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
The lights will remain on for 20 seconds or until
the lock button on the RKE transmitter is pressed,
or the vehicle is no longer off. See Remote
Keyless Entry System Operation on page 93 for
more information.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
AUTO HIGH BEAMS
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select to have the Intellibeam™ system turned
off or on. See Exterior Lamps on page 204
for more information.
Press the customization button until AUTO HIGH
BEAMS appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): The Intellibeam™ system will be
turned off.
ON: The Intellibeam™ system will be turned on.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
CHIME VOLUME
This feature allows you to select the volume level
of the chime.
Press the customization button until CHIME
VOLUME appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
NORMAL (default): The chime volume will be set
to a normal level.
263
LOUD: The chime volume will be set to a
loud level.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
PARK TILT MIRRORS
This feature allows you to select whether or
not the outside mirror(s) will automatically tilt down
when the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE (R).
See Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors on page 149
for more information.
Press the customization button until PARK TILT
MIRRORS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): Neither outside mirror will be tilted
down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
264
DRIVER MIRROR: The driver’s outside mirror will
be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
PASSENGER MIRROR: The passenger’s outside
mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is
shifted into REVERSE (R).
BOTH MIRRORS: The driver’s and passenger’s
outside mirrors will be tilted down when the vehicle
is shifted into REVERSE (R).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
EASY EXIT SEAT
This feature allows you to select your preference
for the automatic easy exit seat feature. See
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 12 for
more information.
Press the customization button until EASY EXIT
SEAT appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
MEMORY SEAT RECALL
OFF (default): No automatic seat exit recall
will occur.
Press the customization button until MEMORY
SEAT RECALL appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
ON: The driver’s seat will move back when the
key is removed from the ignition.
The automatic easy exit seat movement will only
occur one time after the key is removed from
the ignition. If the automatic movement has already
occurred, and you put the key back in the
ignition and remove it again, the seat will stay in
the original exit position, unless a memory
recall took place prior to removing the key again.
This feature allows you to select your preference
for the remote memory seat recall feature.
See Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on
page 12 for more information.
OFF (default): No remote memory seat recall
will occur.
ON: The driver’s seat will automatically move
to the stored driving position when the unlock
button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter is pressed.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to
this feature. The current setting will remain.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
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REMOTE START
DISPLAY DIGITAL SPEED
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
turn the remote start off or on. The remote
start feature allows you to start the engine from
outside of the vehicle using your Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter. See ″Remote Vehicle
Start″ under Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 93 for more information.
This feature allows you to enable or disable the
digital speedometer on the DIC.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
START appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The remote start feature will be disabled.
ON (default): The remote start feature will
be enabled.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
266
Press the customization button until DISPLAY
DIGITAL SPEED appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to access
the settings for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll through the
following settings:
OFF: The digital speedometer will be disabled.
ON (default): The digital speedometer will
be enabled.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
FACTORY SETTINGS
This feature allows you to set all of the
customization features back to their factory
default settings.
Press the customization button until FACTORY
SETTINGS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
RESTORE ALL (default): The customization
features will be set to their factory default settings.
DO NOT RESTORE: The customization features
will not be set to their factory default settings.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS
This feature allows you to exit the feature
settings menu.
Press the customization button until PRESS V TO
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS appears in the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button once to exit the
menu.
If you do not exit, pressing the customization
button again will return you to the beginning of the
feature settings menu.
Exiting the Feature Settings Menu
The feature settings menu will be exited when any
of the following occurs:
• The vehicle is no longer in RUN.
• The trip/fuel or vehicle information DIC buttons
are pressed.
• The end of the feature settings menu is
reached and exited.
• A 40 second time period has elapsed with no
selection made.
Audio System(s)
Determine which radio your vehicle has and then
read the pages following to familiarize yourself
with its features.
Driving without distraction is a necessity for a
safer driving experience. See Defensive Driving on
page 322. By taking a few moments to read this
manual and get familiar with your vehicle’s
audio system, you can use it with less effort, as
well as take advantage of its features. While your
vehicle is parked, set up your audio system by
presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the
tone, and adjusting the speakers.
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Then, when driving conditions permit, you can
tune to your favorite stations using the presets and
steering wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
{CAUTION:
This system provides you with a far greater
access to audio stations and song listings.
Giving extended attention to entertainment
tasks while driving can cause a crash and
you or others can be injured or killed.
Always keep your eyes on the road and
your mind on the drive — avoid engaging
in extended searching while driving.
Keeping your mind on the drive is important for
safe driving. For more information, see Defensive
Driving on page 322.
268
Here are some ways in which you can help avoid
distraction while driving.
While your vehicle is parked:
• Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.
• Familiarize yourself with its operation.
• Set up your audio system by presetting your
favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and
adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving
conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite
radio stations using the presets and steering
wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment
to your vehicle, such as an audio system,
CD player, CB radio, mobile telephone,
or two-way radio, make sure that it can be
added by checking with your dealer. Also,
check federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be
added, it is very important to do it properly.
Added sound equipment may interfere with the
operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or
other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with
the operation of sound equipment that
has been added.
Notice: The chime signals related to safety
belts, parking brake, and other functions of
your vehicle operate through the radio/
entertainment system. If that equipment is
replaced or additional equipment is added to
your vehicle, the chimes may not work. Make
sure that replacement or additional equipment
is compatible with your vehicle before installing
it. See Accessories and Modifications on
page 397.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained
Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio
system can be played even after the ignition
is turned off. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 125 for more information.
Setting the Time
1. Press the tune/select knob (the right knob)
to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the tune/select knob until SET CLOCK
appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/select knob to select
SET CLOCK.
4. Turn the tune/select knob to adjust the time.
5. Press the tune/select knob to update the time.
VEHICLE TIME UPDATED will appear on
the display.
If the CLOCK/RADIO DISP (display) is
programmed into one of the configurable keys,
pressing the key will switch the display back to the
clock set function. The time and date will always
appear on the radio display. See “Configurable
Radio Display Keys” under Radio with CD and DVD
on page 270 for more information on configuring
the keys.
269
Setting the Date
Radio with CD and DVD
1. Press the tune/select knob (the right knob)
to enter the main menu.
2. Turn the tune/select knob until SET DATE
appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/select knob to select
SET DATE.
4. Turn the tune/select knob to adjust the date.
5. Press the tune/select knob to update the
time. VEHICLE DATE UPDATED will
appear on the display.
If the DATE is programmed into one of the
configurable keys, pressing the key will switch
the display back to the date set function. The time
and date will always appear on the radio display.
See “Configurable Radio Display Keys” under
Radio with CD and DVD on page 270 for more
information on configuring the keys.
Playing the Radio
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the radio
on and off.
Press and hold this knob for more than
two seconds to turn off the radio, RSE
(rear seat entertainment) video screen, and
RSA (rear seat audio).
n (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume.
270
SRCE (Source): Press this button to select a
source, either radio, CD, DVD, or auxiliary, if your
vehicle has this feature. The CD or DVD must be
loaded to select the source and to play. CD or DVD
will appear on the display if a disc is loaded. If a CD
or DVD is not loaded, the display will change to the
auxiliary source, if your vehicle has this feature, or
stay on the radio.
Vehicle Noise Compensation (VNC): Your
vehicle has a Bose® audio system. It includes Bose
AudioPilot® noise compensation technology. When
turned on, AudioPilot® continuously adjusts the
audio system equalization, to compensate for
background noise, so that your music always
sounds the same at the set volume level.
This feature is most effective at lower radio volume
settings where background noise can affect how
well you hear the music being played through your
vehicle’s audio system. At higher volume settings,
where the music is much louder than the
background noise, there may be little or no
adjustments by AudioPilot®.
To use AudioPilot®, set the radio volume at a low to
moderate listening level. Begin listening while the
vehicle is stopped with the motor running. Turn the
AudioPilot® on by pressing the tune/sel (select)
knob to enter the main menu. Then turn the tune/sel
knob until VNC:AUDIOPILOT appears on the
display. Press the tune/sel knob to turn AudioPilot®
on and off. An X will appear in the box when it is
turned on. Then, resume driving, gradually
increasing the vehicle speed. You will notice that
your music sounds the same regardless of
background noises; such as road noise, tire hum, or
wind. With the AudioPilot® turned off, repeat this
process again without adjusting the volume or tone
controls. You will notice that background noise is
now audible, and will prevent you from hearing
softer passages of the music. To turn AudioPilot®
off, press the tune/sel knob to enter the main menu,
turn the tune/sel knob until VNC:AUDIOPILOT
appears, and press the tune/sel knob. The X in the
box will disappear when it is turned off. For
additional information on AudioPilot®, please visit
www.bose.com.
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Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to select AM, FM1, FM2,
or XM1 or XM2 (if equipped).
w (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio
stations.
© ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow button
to go to the previous station and stay there.
Press the right single arrow button to go to the
next station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
The radio will only seek stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
©¨ (Scan): Press the double arrow scan button
to enter scan mode. SCAN will appear on the
display. Press this button to scan to the next
station. The radio will go to a station, play for
five seconds, and then go on to the next station.
Press this button again to stop scanning.
272
To scan preset stations, press and hold the
double arrow scan button for more than
two seconds until you hear a beep and PSCAN
appears on the display. The radio will go to the
first preset station, play for five seconds, and
then go on to the next preset station. Press this
button again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will only scan stations with a strong
signal that are in the selected band.
A LOCAL/DISTANT Selection: With this feature
you can set the radio to search for local stations
or stations that are further away for a larger
selection. To set this feature to LOCAL or
DISTANT, perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until SEEK LOCAL
or SEEK DISTANT appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select either
LOCAL or DISTANT.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
To search for stations, press the single arrow
buttons. If the system is set to LOCAL, SEEK
will appear on the display and seek to stations
with strong signals only. If the system is set
to DISTANT, D-SEEK will appear on the display
and seek to stations with weak and strong signals.
Setting Preset Stations
Up to 30 stations (six AM, six FM1, six FM2,
and six XM1 and six XM2 (if equipped)), can be
programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, FM2, or XM1
or XM2 (if equipped).
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons for two seconds until you
hear a beep. The set preset station number
will appear on the display above the
pushbutton that it is set to. Whenever that
numbered pushbutton is pressed for less
than two seconds, the station that was set
will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To set the preset stations with an equalization
setting, DSP (digital signal processing)
setting, or a PTY (program type) setting, see
each of these features later in this section.
When a preset station is selected, once one of
these additional settings is selected, the
preset station will remember each setting and
it will remain active, until the setting is
selected off for that preset station.
AUTOSTORE PRESETS: To set the preset
stations automatically, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select AM, FM1, or FM2.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
4. Turn the tune/sel knob until AUTOSTORE
PRESETS appears on the display.
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5. Press the tune/sel knob to select.
AUTOSTORE will appear on the display.
The radio will automatically search the band
and select and store the six radio stations with
the strongest signal. The stations will be
stored by signal strength, not sequential order.
The set preset station number will appear
on the display above the pushbutton that it is
set to.
6. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
When battery power is removed and later applied,
you will not have to reset your radio presets.
PRESETS HOME/AWAY: This feature gives you
the ability to store two different kinds of station
presets. HOME can be used for stations available
where you live and AWAY can be for stations
available outside of your local broadcasting area.
To set preset stations for home and away
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until PRESETS
HOME/AWAY appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select. HOME
or AWAY will appear on the display.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Follow the manual or automatic steps previously
listed for setting the preset pushbuttons for
both home and away.
274
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
To adjust the bass, midrange, and treble,
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel know until
BASS – MID – TREBLE appears on
the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to scroll through
the settings.
4. Turn the tune/sel knob to increase or to
decrease the bass, midrange, or treble. If
a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.
5. Press the tune/sel knob to set the adjustment.
6. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
AUDIO EQUALIZER: This feature allows you to
select customized equalization settings. To choose
an equalization setting (EQ0 through EQ5),
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until EQUALIZER
appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to set the equalization
setting. The equalization setting will appear on
the display.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
The equalization settings are preset to
EQ0 (Normal), EQ1 (Pop), EQ2 (Rock),
EQ3 (Jazz), EQ4 (Talk), and EQ5 (Country).
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Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
To adjust the balance or fade, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until
BALANCE – FADER appears on
the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the tone
settings.
4. Press the tune/sel knob to scroll to BALANCE
or FADER.
5. Turn the tune/sel knob to adjust the BALANCE
to the right or the left speakers and the
FADER to the front or the rear speakers.
6. Press the tune/sel knob to set the adjustment.
7. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
EQ0 will not appear on the display when in
this mode.
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Digital Signal Processing (DSP): This feature is
used to provide a choice of different listening
experiences. To choose a DSP setting, perform
the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until DSP appears on
the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to set the DSP
setting. The DSP setting will appear on
the display.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or wait
for the display to time out.
The DSP settings available are:
• Normal: Select this setting for normal mode,
this provides the best sound quality for all
seating positions.
• Centerpoint™: Select this setting to enable
Bose Centerpoint™. Centerpoint™ signal
processing gives surround sound listening for
a CD, MP3, or a DVD stereo audio source.
Centerpoint™ delivers five independent audio
channels from conventional stereo recordings.
• Rear: Select this setting to adjust the audio for
the rear seat passengers to receive the best
possible sound quality.
• Driver: Select this setting to adjust the audio
for the driver to receive the best possible
sound quality.
• 5.1 Surround: Select this setting to turn on
true 5.1 surround sound processing,
available for DVD-A or DVD-V sources that
were recorded in 5.1 Surround.
5.1 Surround + Normal — this mode is
optimized for all seating positions.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in
the 48 contiguous United States and Canada.
XM™ offers a large variety of coast-to-coast
channels including music, news, sports, talk,
traffic/weather (U.S. subscribers), and children’s
programming. XM™ provides digital quality
audio and text information that includes song title
and artist name. A service fee is required in
order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™; In the U.S. at
www.xmradio.com or call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696)
or in Canada at www.xmradio.ca or call
1-877-GET-XMSR (438-9677).
4 (Information): Press this button while in XM™
mode to retrieve three different categories of
information related to the current song or channel:
Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY. To view
this information, perform the following:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until INFO (information)
appears on the display.
277
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select INFO.
The display will change to show the additional
XM™ information.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Radio Data System (RDS)
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
RDS features are available for use only on FM
stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, the radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected
type of programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
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This system relies upon receiving specific
information from these stations and will only
work when the information is available. In rare
cases, a radio station may broadcast incorrect
information that will cause the radio features
to work improperly. If this happens, contact the
radio station.
While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the
station name or call letters will appear on the
display instead of the frequency. RDS stations may
also provide the time of day, a program type (PTY)
for current programming, and the name of the
program being broadcast.
RDS Messages
ALERT: Alert warns of local and national
emergencies. When, an alert announcement comes
on the current radio station or a related network
station, ALERT will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is low
or a CD or DVD is playing. If a CD or DVD is
playing, play will stop during the announcement.
Alert announcements cannot be turned off. If the
radio tunes to a related network station for the
announcement, it will return to the original station
when the announcement is finished.
ALERT will not be affected by tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is not
supported by all RDS stations.
MSG (Message): If the current RDS station has
a message, MSG will appear on the display.
The message may display the artist, song title,
call in phone numbers, etc. If the entire message
does not appear on the display, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds until
the message is completed. Once the completed
message has been displayed, MSG will disappear
from the display until another new message is
received.
To display the last message, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
TP (Traffic Program): TP will appear on the
display when the radio detects a signal from an
RDS station that has traffic announcement
broadcast capability.
TA (Traffic Announcement): If TA appears on
the display, the tuned radio station broadcasts
traffic announcements and when a traffic
announcement comes on the tuned station you
will hear it.
If the station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, when TA is turned on it will
seek to a station that does. When a station that
broadcasts traffic announcements is found,
the radio will stop seeking and TA will appear on
the display. If no station is found that broadcasts
traffic announcements, No Traffic will appear
on the display.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until RECALL RDS
MESSAGE appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob. The message will
appear on the display.
Once the message has been displayed, MSG
will disappear from the display until another new
message is received.
279
The radio will play traffic announcements if the
volume is low. The radio will interrupt the play of
a CD or DVD if the last tuned station broadcasts
traffic announcements.
To turn TA on or off, perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until TRAFFIC
ANNOUNCE appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select ON or OFF.
An X will appear in the box when TA is
selected on.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Activating Program Type (PTY)
Stations (RDS and XM™)
PTY allows you to search for stations with specific
types of music. The selectable PTYs are POP,
EASY, TALK, CNTRY (Country), CLASS
(Classical), and JAZZ.
To activate program types, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until PROGRAM TYPE
MODE appears on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select ON or OFF.
When PTY is selected, an X wil appear in the
ON box.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Once program type is activated the PTYs will
appear on the display above the pushbuttons, in
place of the preset stations (if programmed).
280
Press the pushbutton for the desired PTY.
The radio may not go to all of the stations with
that music type when pressing the pushbutton, as
not all stations support PTYs.
AF (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with
the same program type.
To turn AF on or off, perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until ALTERNATE
FREQ. appear on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select AF OFF,
AF ON, or AF REG (regular). When AF is
selected an X will appear in that box.
4. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
Radio Message
THEFTLOCK: This message is displayed when
the THEFTLOCK® system has been activated.
Take the vehicle to the dealer for service.
Radio Messages for XM™ Only
See XM Radio Messages on page 300 later in this
section for further detail.
Using the Six-Disc CD Changer
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality may be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There may be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD
is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly.
281
If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of
Your CDs and DVDs on page 318 for more
information.
When a CD is inserted, the CD functions will
appear on the display above the pushbuttons,
in place of the preset stations, if programmed.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
M (Load): Press this button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert
more than one CD into the slot at a time, or
attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you
could damage the CD player. When using the
CD player, use only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a time, and
keep the CD player and the loading slot free of
foreign materials, liquids, and debris.
To insert one CD, do the following:
Do not add any label to a CD; it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded
CD with a marking pen instead.
If an error appears on the display, see
“CD Messages” later in this section.
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and release the load button. Please
Wait will appear on the display.
3. When INSERT appears on the display, insert
a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, CD will appear on the
display, the number of the CD and the track number
will appear on the display if the radio is on.
If the radio is on, the CD will begin to play
automatically.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and hold the load button for
two seconds. Please Wait will appear on
the display and you will hear a beep.
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3. When INSERT appears on the display, insert
a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
Do not load a CD until INSERT appears on
the display. The CD player will take up
to six CDs. Do not try to load more than six.
If you want to load less than six CDs, load
the desired amount. The CD player will
time out when it does not receive any more
CDs and the last CD loaded will begin to play.
If the radio is on, the last CD loaded will begin to
play automatically.
F1 DISCn (Down): Press this pushbutton to go
to the previous CD.
F2 DISCm (Up): Press this pushbutton to go to
the next CD.
F3 CD REV { (Reverse): Press and hold this
pushbutton to reverse quickly within the track.
Holding the pushbutton will play in reverse
at 10 times the normal speed. After holding it for
more than four seconds it will play in reverse
at 20 times the normal speed. Release this
pushbutton to play the passage. The elapsed time
of the track will appear on the display.
F4 CD FWD | (Forward): Press and hold this
pushbutton to advance quickly within the track.
Holding the pushbutton will play at 10 times
the normal speed. After holding it for more than
four seconds it will play at 20 times the normal
speed. Release this pushbutton to play the
passage. The elapsed time of the track will
appear on the display.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK (Repeat Track), RPT
DISC (Repeat CD), RDM TRCK (Random Track),
and RDM ALL (Random All CDs).
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play of
the CD(s).
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
• RPT DISC (Repeat CD): Repeats the CD
over again. RPT DISC will appear on the
display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
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• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
©¨ (Scan): Press this double arrow button to
tracks on the current CD in random, rather
than sequential order. RDM TRCK will appear
on the display. Press the MODE pushbutton
again to turn off random play and advance to
the next mode.
• RDM ALL (Random All CDs): Plays all of the
CDs loaded in random, rather than sequential
order. RDM ALL will appear on the display.
Press the MODE pushbutton again to turn off
random play and advance to the next mode.
listen to each track for 10 seconds. The CD will
go to a track, play for 10 seconds, and then go on
to the next track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
© or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow to go
to the start of the current track. Press it again
to go to the previous track, or press the right single
arrow to go to the start of the next track. Pressing
either arrow for more than two seconds will
search the previous or next tracks at two tracks
per second. Release the button to stop searching
and to play the track.
284
SRCE (Source): Press this button to select a
source, either radio, CD, DVD or AUX, if
your vehicle has this feature. The CD must be
loaded to select the source and to play. CD
will appear on the display if a CD is loaded. If a
CD is not loaded, the display will change to
the next available source, either DVD, AUX
(auxiliary), if your vehicle has this feature, or radio.
Z (Eject): Press this button to eject the CD that
is currently playing, or press and hold this button to
eject all of the CDs loaded. You will hear a beep.
Eject may be activated with the ignition or radio off.
If the CD is not removed after a short time, the CD
will be brought back into the CD player for storage.
Using an MP3 CD
MP3 Format
If you burn your own MP3 disc on a personal
computer:
• Make sure the MP3 files are recorded on a
CD-R disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3 files on
one disc.
• Make sure playlists have a .m3u or .wpl
extension, other file extensions may not work.
• Files can be recorded with a variety of fixed or
variable bit rates. Song title, artist name, and
album will be available for display by the
radio when recorded using ID3 tags
version 1 and 2.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy
to find songs while driving. Organize songs
by albums using one folder for each album.
Each folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Make sure to finalize the disc when burning
an MP3 disc, using multiple sessions. It is
usually better to burn the disc all at once.
The player will be able to read and play a
maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions,
and 255 files. Long file names, folder names,
or playlist names may use more disc memory
space than necessary. To conserve space on the
disc, minimize the length of the file, folder or
playlist names. You can also play an MP3 CD that
was recorded using no file folders. The system
can support up to 11 folders in depth, though,
keep the depth of the folders to a minimum
in order to keep down the complexity and
confusion in trying to locate a particular folder
during playback. If a CD contains more than the
maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions,
and 255 files the player will let you access and
navigate up to the maximum, but all items over
the maximum will be ignored.
Root Directory
The root directory will be treated as a folder.
If the root directory has compressed audio files,
the directory will be displayed as F1 ROOT.
All files contained directly under the root directory
will be accessed prior to any root directory
folders. However, playlists (Px) will always be
accessed before root folders or files.
285
Empty Directory or Folder
Order of Play
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere
in the file structure that contains only folders/
subfolders and no compressed files directly
beneath them, the player will advance to the next
folder in the file structure that contains compressed
audio files and the empty folder will not be
displayed or numbered.
Tracks will be played in the following order:
• Play will begin from the first track in the
first playlist and will continue sequentially
through all tracks in each playlist. When
the last track of the last playlist has been
played, play will continue from the first track
of the first playlist.
• If the CD does not contain any playlists, and
then play will begin from the first track under
the root directory. When all tracks from
the root directory have been played, play will
continue from files according to their
numerical listing. After playing the last track
from the last folder, play will begin again at the
first track of the first folder or root directory.
No Folder
When the CD contains only compressed files,
the files will be located under the root folder.
The next and previous folder functions will have
no function on a CD that was recorded without
folders or playlists. When displaying the name of
the folder the radio will display ROOT.
When the CD contains only playlists and
compressed audio files, but no folders, all files
will be located under the root folder. The
folder down and the folder up buttons will search
playlists (Px) first and then go to the root
folder. When the radio displays the name of the
folder the radio will display ROOT.
286
When play enters a new folder, the display will
not automatically show the new folder name. The
new track name will appear on the display.
File System and Naming
Playing an MP3
The song name that will be displayed will be
the song name that is contained in the ID3 tag.
If the song name is not present in the ID3 tag, and
then the radio will display the file name without
the extension (such as .mp3) as the track name.
M (Load): Press this button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.
Track names longer than 32 characters or
four pages will be shortened. The display will not
show parts of words on the last page of text
and the extension of the filename will not be
displayed.
Preprogrammed Playlists
You can access preprogrammed playlists which
were created by WinAmp™, MusicMatch™,
or Real Jukebox™ software, however, you will
not have editing capability. These playlists will be
treated as special folders containing compressed
audio song files.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. The ignition and the radio can be on or off.
2. Press and release the load button. Please
Wait will appear on the display.
3. When INSERT appears on the display, insert
a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, CD will appear on the
display, the number of the CD and the track number
will appear on the display if the radio is on.
If the radio is on, the CD will begin to play
automatically.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in
the player it will stay in the player. When the
ignition or radio is turned on, the CD will start to
play where it stopped, if it was the last selected
audio source.
287
As each new track starts to play, the track number
will appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality may be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There may be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD
is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the
surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs
and DVDs on page 318 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
288
Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert
more than one CD into the slot at a time, or
attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you
could damage the CD player. When using the
CD player, use only CDs in good condition
without any label, load one CD at a time, and
keep the CD player and the loading slot free of
foreign materials, liquids, and debris.
Do not add any label to a CD; it could get
caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on
a personal computer and a description label
is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded
CD with a marking pen instead.
If an error appears on the display, see
“CD Messages” later in this section.
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast reverse mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play in reverse at 10 times the normal
speed. After holding it for more than four seconds
it will play in reverse at 20 times the normal
speed. Release the pushbutton to return to normal
play mode. The radio will be muted during the
reverse mode.
A quick press of this pushbutton will go to the
beginning of the previous folder.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast forward mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play at 10 times the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play
at 20 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
A quick press of this pushbutton will go to the
beginning of the next folder.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK, and RDM TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play of
the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
tracks on the current DVD in random,
rather than sequential order. RDM TRCK will
appear on the display. Press the MODE
pushbutton again to turn off random play and
advance to the next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
© or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow
button to go to the start of the current track. Press
it again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next
track. Press the right arrow to go to the start of
the next track. Pressing either arrow for more than
two seconds will search the previous or next
tracks at two tracks per second. Release
the button to stop searching and to play the track.
©¨ (Scan): Press the double arrow button
to scan the tracks in each folder. The radio will go
to the next track, play for 10 seconds, and then
go on to the next track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
289
w (Tune): Turning the tune knob will fast track
reverse or advance through the tracks in all folders
or playlists. The track number and file name will
appear on the display for each track. Turning this
knob while in random will fast track reverse or
advance the tracks in sequential order.
4 (Information): Press this button, while an MP3
CD is loaded, to view the Title, Artist, Album,
or Folder names. To view this information, perform
the following:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until INFO appears
on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to select INFO. The
display will change to show the additional
MP3 information.
290
4. Press one of the following pushbuttons to
view that specific information.
• F1 TTLE (Title): To display the title name.
• F2 ATST (Artist): To display the
artist name.
• F3 ALBM (Album): To display the
album name.
• F4 FLDR (Folder): To display the
folder name.
5. Press the BACK (F6) button to exit the
display. To return to the original display,
repeatedly press the BACK (F6) button or
wait for the display to time out.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to select a
source, either radio, CD, DVD, or AUX, if
your vehicle has this feature. The CD must be
loaded to select the source and to play. CD
will appear on the display if a CD is loaded. If a
CD is not loaded, the display will change to
the next available source, either DVD, AUX, if
your vehicle has this feature, or radio.
may be activated with the ignition and the radio
off. If the CD is not removed after a short time, the
CD will be brought back into the CD player for
storage.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down
and provide it to your dealer when reporting
the problem.
CD Messages
Using the DVD Player
If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an
hour and try again.
• The format of the CD may not be compatible.
See “MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. If the ignition and the radio are
on, the CD or DVD will begin playing. A DVD may
be loaded with the radio off, but it will not start
playing until the radio is on, and sourced to DVD.
The DVD player can be controlled by the buttons on
the radio, the rear seat audio system, and the
remote control, if your vehicle has this feature. See
the Rear Seat Entertainment System on page 302
for more information. A DVD icon will display
whenever a disc is loaded. The DVD player can
also be run for passengers in the rear seat with the
radio off. The rear seat passenger can power on the
video screen and use the remote control to navigate
the disc. See Rear Seat Entertainment System on
page 302 for more information.
Z (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
291
Z (Eject): Press this button to eject the DVD
or CD. Eject may be activated with the ignition
or radio off. If the disc is not removed after a short
time, the disc will be pulled back into the DVD
player for storage.
The DVD player is only compatible with DVDs of
the appropriate region code. The region code
is printed on the jacket of most DVDs.
DVD video, DVD audio, DVD-R/RW, and
DVD + R/RW are fully supported by this DVD
player. In addition, standard audio CDs, CD-R,
CD-RW, video CD, SACD, MP3, and WMA
formatted discs are fully supported. If a disc is
inserted that is not supported, an error message
will display and the disc will be ejected.
When a DVD is inserted, the DVD functions will
appear on the display above the pushbuttons,
in place of the preset stations. These functions
vary based on the type of disc that is inserted.
Loading the disc can take some time as the DVD
player reads the disc and determines the type.
DVD Messages
If the disc comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the disc should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road.
When the road becomes smoother, the
disc should play.
• The disc is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an
hour and try again.
• The region code on your DVD may not be
correct for your region.
• The format of the disc may not be compatible.
See “MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the disc.
• The label may be caught in the DVD player.
If the disc is not playing correctly, for any
other reason, try a known good disc.
292
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down
and provide it to your dealer when reporting the
problem.
Playing a DVD Video
F1 (Play/Pause): Press this pushbutton to turn on
the video screen, if your vehicle has this feature,
and begin playing the DVD. Press this pushbutton
to pause the DVD if it is playing. Press Play
(F1) to restart the DVD if it is paused.
F2 (Stop): Press this pushbutton once to stop
the DVD and retain your current position. Press it
again from the stopped state to return to the
beginning of the disc.
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton,
if the DVD is playing, to enter fast reverse mode.
Holding the pushbutton will play in reverse at
four times the normal speed. After holding it for
more than four seconds it will play in reverse
at 32 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
F4 (Forward): If the DVD player is playing,
press and hold this pushbutton to enter fast
forward mode. Holding the pushbutton will play
at four times the normal speed. After holding it for
more than four seconds it will play at 32 times
the normal speed. Release the pushbutton
to return to normal play mode.
Press and hold this pushbutton, if the DVD is
playing, to enter slow forward mode. Holding the
pushbutton will play at half the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play
at an eighth the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to the pause state.
F6 (Menu): Press this pushbutton to go to the
DVD root menu and to bring up the menu
navigation arrows. Pressing keys F1 through F4
will move the cursor to navigate the DVD
menu. Press F6 to enter your selection.
© or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow
button to go to the start of the current chapter.
Press it again to go to the previous chapter,
or press the right single arrow button to go to the
next chapter. Press and hold these buttons to
change chapter at a rate of one per second.
293
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to
go to the start of the current chapter. Turn it again
to go to the previous chapter, or turn to the
right one notch to go to the next chapter.
Playing a DVD Audio Disc
INFO: Press the programmed INFO soft key,
or press the TUNE/SEL knob and rotate until INFO
is shown, and then press the TUNE/SEL knob.
Pressing INFO brings up the Information display.
It shows the current Title number, Chapter
number and elapsed time of the DVD, and
additional menu items.
• F1 SUB: Press this pushbutton to view the
Subtitle Language Menu.
• F2 ANGLE: Press this pushbutton to view the
Angle Menu.
• F6 BACK: Press this pushbutton to return to
the previous screen.
F1 (Play/Pause): Press this pushbutton to pause
the DVD if it is playing. Press Play (F1) to restart
the DVD if it is paused.
Not all DVD audio discs are recorded to industry
standards and for this reason may not play
properly in your vehicle.
F2 (Stop): Press this pushbutton once to stop
the DVD and retain your current position. Press
it again from the stopped state to return to
the beginning of the disc.
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton,
if the DVD player is playing, to enter fast reverse
mode. Holding the pushbutton will play in
reverse at four times the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play in
reverse at 32 times the normal speed. Release
the pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton, if
the DVD player is playing, to enter fast forward
mode. Holding the pushbutton will play at four times
the normal speed. After holding it for more than
four seconds it will play in reverse at 32 times the
normal speed. Release the pushbutton to return to
normal play mode.
294
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, and RPT TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play of
the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display DVD PLAY MODE.
© or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow
button to go to the start of the current track. Press
it again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next
track. Press and hold these buttons to change
tracks at a rate of one per second.
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to
go to the start of the current track. Turn it again
to go to the previous track, or turn to the right
one notch to go to the next track.
If your vehicle has rear seat entertainment,
you can view the menu and playlist from your
DVD audio disc on the video screen. Turn on
the video screen with the power button on
the remote control to view and navigate the
menu and playlists. See Rear Seat Entertainment
System on page 302 for more information.
Playing a CD in the DVD Drive
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast reverse mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play in reverse at four times the normal speed.
After holding it for more than four seconds it will
play in reverse at 32 times the normal speed.
Release the pushbutton to return to normal
play mode.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast forward mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play at four times the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play at
32 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
295
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK, and RDM TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play of
the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on the
display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
tracks on the current DVD in random,
rather than sequential order. RDM TRCK
will appear on the display. Press the MODE
pushbutton again to turn off random play
and advance to the next mode.
© or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow
button to go to the start of the current track. Press
it again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next
track. Press and hold these buttons to change
tracks at a rate of one per second.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
If your vehicle has rear seat entertainment, you
can view the track details from your CD on
the video screen. Turn on the video screen with
the power button on the remote control to view and
navigate the tracks. See Rear Seat Entertainment
System on page 302 for more information.
296
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to go
to the start of the current track. Turn it again to
go to the previous track, or turn to the right
one notch to go to the next track.
©¨ (Scan): Press this double arrow button to
listen to each track for 10 seconds. The CD will go
to a track, play for 10 seconds, and then go on
to the next track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
Playing an MP3 Formatted Disc
See “Using an MP3 CD” earlier in this section for
additional information.
F3 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast reverse mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play in reverse at four times the normal speed.
After holding it for more than four seconds it will
play in reverse at 32 times the normal speed.
Release the pushbutton to return to normal
play mode.
A quick press of this pushbutton will go to the
beginning of the previous folder.
F4 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to
enter fast forward mode. Holding the pushbutton
will play at four times the normal speed. After
holding it for more than four seconds it will play
at 32 times the normal speed. Release the
pushbutton to return to normal play mode.
A quick press of this pushbutton will advance to
the next folder.
F5 MODE: Press this pushbutton to select from
NORMAL, RPT TRCK, and RDM TRCK.
• Normal: Sets the system for normal play of
the DVD.
• RPT TRCK (Repeat Track): Repeats the
track over again. RPT TRCK will appear on
the display. Press the MODE pushbutton again
to turn off repeat play and advance to the
next mode.
• RDM TRCK (Random Track): Plays the
tracks on the current DVD in random,
rather than sequential order. RDM TRCK will
appear on the display. Press the MODE
pushbutton again to turn off random play and
advance to the next mode.
F6 DISP (Display): Press this pushbutton to
display the time of the track. Press this pushbutton
again to display CD PLAY MODE.
© or ¨ (Seek): Press the left single arrow
button to go to the start of the current track. Press
it again to go to the previous track, or press the
right single arrow button to go to the next
track. Press and hold these buttons to change
tracks at a rate of one per second.
297
TUNE/SEL knob: Turn to the left one notch to go
to the start of the current track. Turn it again to
go to the previous track, or turn to the right
one notch to go to the next track.
©¨ (Scan): Press this double arrow button to
listen to each track for 10 seconds. The CD will go
to a track, play for 10 seconds, and then go on
to the next track. Press this button again to
stop scanning.
If your vehicle is equipped with rear seat
entertainment, you can view the menu and playlist
from your CD on the video screen. Turn on the
video screen with the power button on the remote
control to view and navigate the menu and
playlists. See Rear Seat Entertainment System on
page 302 for more information.
Using the AUX Display (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has rear seat entertainment, you
will see an AUX screen as you press through the
SRCE key. When AUX is selected in the front,
the audio from the device plugged into the auxiliary
jacks in the rear will be played over the vehicle
speakers.
298
You have the ability to select between AUX and
DVD video on the video screen while listening
to AUX audio. See Rear Seat Entertainment
System on page 302 for more information on the
auxiliary jacks.
SRCE (Source): Press this pushbutton to select
the AUX display.
F2 (DVD): Press this pushbutton to select DVD
video on the video screen in the rear, with
AUX audio on the vehicle speakers.
F5 (AUX): Press this pushbutton to select AUX
video on the video screen in the rear, with AUX
audio on the vehicle speakers.
Configurable Radio Display Keys
This feature allows you to customize the four keys
that are located on each side of the radio display to
make it easier to adjust the radio features.
To program the configurable radio display keys,
perform the following steps:
1. Press the tune/sel knob to enter the
main menu.
2. Turn the tune/sel knob until SETUP appears
on the display.
3. Press the tune/sel knob to enter into SETUP.
4. Turn the tune/sel knob until CONFIGURE
DISPLAY KEYS appears on the display.
5. Press the tune/sel knob to enter into
CONFIGURE DISPLAY KEYS.
6. Turn the tune/sel knob to select which of
the four configurable keys you would like
to change. The currently assigned feature
will be shown.
7. Press the tune/sel knob to select the
configurable key to change.
8. Turn the tune/sel knob to find the feature that
you would like to store to the key.
9. Press the tune/sel knob when you have found
the feature to be stored. The display will
update, by showing the symbol of the feature
that you selected next to the configurable key.
10. Repeat the previous steps for each
configurable key.
Once a feature is programmed to a key, the
feature will not appear on the display when
programming the remaining configurable keys.
The configurable keys can be changed at any time.
299
XM Radio Messages
Radio Display Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
XL on the radio display,
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
Channels)
after the channel name,
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
indicates content with
explicit language.
Updating
Updating encryption code The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and no
action is required. This process should take no longer than
30 seconds.
No Signl
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM™ signal. When the vehicle is
moved into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading
Acquiring channel audio
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and text
(after 4 second delay)
data. No action is needed. This message should disappear
shortly.
Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune in to another
channel.
CH Unavl
Channel no longer
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
available
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the presets,
choose another station for that preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
available
The system is working properly.
300
Radio Display Message
Condition
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No Info
Category Name not
available
NotFound
No channel available for
the chosen category
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
XM Lock
Theft lock active
Radio ID
Unknown
Check XM
Action Required
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. The system is working properly.
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
No text or informational messages are available at this time
on this channel. The system is working properly.
The XM™ receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM™ receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this message is
received after having your vehicle serviced, check with your
GM dealer.
Radio ID label (channel 0) If tuned to channel 0, this message will alternate with the
XM™ Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This label is needed to
activate the service.
Radio ID not known
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there
(should only occur with
may be a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
hardware failure)
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver may have a fault. Consult with your dealer.
301
Navigation/Radio System
Driver Control of the Audio System
Your vehicle may have a navigation radio system.
The driver has basic control of the whole audio
system. If the driver decides to globally turn
the audio system off, the driver can press and
hold the power knob for more than two seconds
to turn off the radio, RSE (rear seat entertainment),
and the RSA (rear seat audio). See Radio with
CD and DVD on page 270 for more information.
The navigation system has built-in features
intended to minimize driver distraction. Technology
alone, no matter how advanced, can never
replace your own judgment. See the Navigation
System manual for some tips to help you
reduce distractions while driving.
Rear Seat Entertainment System
Your vehicle may have a DVD Rear Seat
Entertainment (RSE) system. The RSE system
works with the vehicle’s audio system. The
DVD player is part of the front radio. The RSE
system includes a radio with a DVD player, a video
display screen, audio/video jacks, two wireless
headphones, and a remote control. See Radio with
CD and DVD on page 270 for more information
on the vehicle’s audio/DVD system.
302
If your vehicle has the navigation system, see the
Navigation System manual for more information.
Before You Drive
The RSE is designed for rear seat passengers
only. The driver cannot safely view the video
screen while driving and should not try to do so.
In severe or extreme weather conditions the
RSE system may or may not work until the
temperature is within the operating range.
The operating range for the RSE system is
above −4°F (−20°C) or below 140°F (60°C).
If the temperature of your vehicle is outside of
this range, heat or cool the vehicle until the
temperature is within the operating range of
the RSE system.
Headphones
If your vehicle has a third row video screen
display, it will have two additional headphones.
Push the power button to turn on the headphones.
An indicator light located on the headphones
will come on. If the light does not come on, the
batteries may need to be replaced. See “Battery
Replacement” later in this section for more
information. Switch the headphones to Off when
not in use. Channel 1 is dedicated to the video
screen, while Channel 2 is dedicated to RSA
selections.
The RSE includes two 2-channel wireless
headphones that are dedicated to this system.
These headphones are used to listen to media
such as CDs, DVDs, MP3s, DVDAs, radio, or any
auxiliary source connected to the auxiliary input
jack, if your vehicle has this feature or A/V
jacks. The wireless headphones have a power
On/Off button, channel selector switch (1 or 2),
and a volume control.
The infrared transmitters are located at the rear of
the RSE overhead console. The headphones will
shut off automatically to save the battery power if
the RSE system and the RSA are shut off or if the
headphones are out of range of the transmitters for
more than 3 minutes. If you move too far forward or
step out of the vehicle, the headphones will lose the
audio signal.
The headphones will automatically turn off after
four hours of continuous use.
To adjust the volume on the headphones, use the
volume control located on the right side.
303
For optimal audio performance, the headphones
must be worn correctly. The symbol L (Left)
will appear on the upper left side, above the ear
pad and should be positioned on the left ear.
The symbol R (Right) will appear on the upper
right side, above the ear pad and should be
positioned on the right ear.
Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat
or direct sunlight. This could damage the
headphones and repairs will not be covered by
your warranty. Keep the headphones stored
in a cool, dry place.
The foam ear pads attached to the headphones
may become worn or damaged if they are
not handled or stored properly. If the foam ear
pads do become damaged or worn out, the pads
can be replaced separately from the headphone
set. It is not necessary to replace the complete
headphone set. The headphone replacement foam
ear pads can be ordered in pairs. See your
dealer for more information.
304
Battery Replacement
To change the batteries, do the following:
1. Turn the screw with a coin or screw driver
to loosen, then slide open the battery door
located on the left side of the headphones.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the
compartment. Make sure that they are
installed correctly, using the diagram on
the inside of the battery compartment.
3. Replace the battery door and tighten the
door screw.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long
period of time, remove the batteries and keep
them in a cool, dry place.
Audio/Video (A/V) Jacks
The A/V jacks are color coded to match typical
home entertainment system equipment. The yellow
jack is for the video input. The white jack is for
the left audio input. The red jack is for the
right audio input.
Power for auxiliary devices is not supplied by the
radio system.
The A/V jacks are located on the rear of the floor
console. The A/V jacks allow audio or video
signals to be connected from an auxiliary device
such as a camcorder or a video game unit to
the RSE system. Adapter connectors or cables
may be required to connect the auxiliary device to
the A/V jacks. Refer to the manufacturer’s
instructions for proper usage.
To use the auxiliary inputs of the RSE system,
connect an external auxiliary device to the
color-coded A/V jacks and turn both the auxiliary
device and the video screen power on. If the
video screen is in the DVD player mode, pressing
the AUX button on the remote control will
switch the video screen from the DVD player
mode to the auxiliary device. The radio will play
the audio of the connected auxiliary device
by sourcing to auxiliary. See Radio with CD and
DVD on page 270 for more information.
305
How to Change the RSE Video Screen
Settings
The screen display mode (normal, full, and zoom),
screen brightness, and setup menu language
can be changed from the on screen setup menu.
To change any feature, perform the following:
1. Press the display menu button on the
remote control.
2. Use the remote control menu navigation
arrows and the enter button to use the
setup menu.
3. Press the display menu button again to
remove the setup menu from the screen.
Audio Output
Audio from the DVD player or auxiliary inputs may
be heard through the following possible sources:
• Wireless Headphones
• Vehicle Speakers
• Vehicle wired headphone jacks on the rear
seat audio system, if your vehicle has
this feature.
306
The RSE system will always transmit the audio
signal to the wireless headphones, if there is audio
available. See “Headphones” earlier in this
section for more information.
The DVD player is capable of outputting audio to
the wired headphone jacks on the RSA system,
if your vehicle has this feature. The DVD
player may be selected as an audio source on the
RSA system. See Rear Seat Audio (RSA) on
page 313 for more information.
When a device is connected to the radio’s auxiliary
input jack, if your vehicle has this feature, or A/V
jacks, the rear seat passengers will be able to hear
audio from the auxiliary device through the wireless
or wired headphones. The front seat passengers
will be able to listen to playback from this device
through the vehicle speakers by selecting AUX as
the source on the radio.
Video Screen
Remote Control
The video screen is located in the RSE overhead
console.
To use the remote control, aim it at the transmitter
window at the rear of the RSE overhead console
and press the desired button. Direct sunlight or very
bright light may affect the ability of the RSE
transmitter to receive signals from the remote
control. If the remote control does not seem to be
working, the batteries may need to be replaced.
See “Battery Replacement” later in this section.
Objects blocking the line of sight may also affect the
function of the remote control.
If a CD or DVD is in the Radio DVD slot, the
remote control power button can be used to turn
on the video screen display and start the disc. The
radio can also turn on the video screen display.
See Radio with CD and DVD on page 270
for more information.
If the remote control becomes lost or damaged, a
new universal remote control can be purchased.
If this happens, make sure the universal
remote control uses a code set of Toshiba®.
To use the video screen, do the following:
1. Push the release button located on the
RSE overhead console.
2. Rotate the screen to the desired position.
When the video screen is not in use, push it up
into its locked position.
If a DVD is playing and the screen is raised to
its locked position, the screen will remain on, this
is normal, and the DVD will continue to play
through the previous audio source. Use the remote
control power button or eject the disc to turn off
the screen.
The RSE overhead console contains the IR
transmitters for the wireless headphones and
the IR receivers for the remote control. They are
located at the rear of the console.
Notice: Avoid directly touching the video
screen, as damage may occur. See “Cleaning
the Video Screen” later in this section for
more information.
Notice: Storing the remote control in a hot
area or in direct sunlight may damage it,
and the repairs will not be covered by your
warranty. Keep the remote control stored in a
cool, dry place.
307
Remote Control Buttons
v (Title): Press this button to return the DVD to
the main menu of the DVD. This function may
vary for each disc.
y (Main Menu): Press this button to access
the DVD menu. The DVD menu is different
on every DVD. Use the up, down, left, and right
arrow buttons to move the cursor around the DVD
menu. After making a selection press the enter
button. This button only operates when using
a DVD.
Q, R, q, r (Menu Navigation Arrows): Use
the arrow buttons to navigate through a menu.
O (Power): Press this button to turn the video
r (Enter): Press this button to select the choice
that is highlighted in any menu.
screen on and off.
z (Display Menu): Press this button to adjust
P (Illumination): Press this button to turn the
the brightness, screen display mode (normal,
full, or zoom), and display the language menu.
remote control backlight on. The backlight
will automatically time out after 7 to 10 seconds if
no other button is pressed while the backlight
is on.
308
q (Return): Press this button to exit the current
active menu and return to the previous menu.
This button will operate only when the display
menu or a DVD menu is active.
c (Stop): Press this button to stop playing,
rewinding, or fast forwarding a DVD. Press this
button twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
s (Play/Pause): Press this button to start
playing a DVD. Press this button while a DVD is
playing to pause it. Press it again to continue
playing the DVD.
When the DVD is playing, depending on the
radio, you may be able to do slow play by pressing
the pause button then pressing the fast forward
button. The DVD will continue playing in a
slow play mode. You may also, depending on the
radio, perform reverse slow play by pressing
the pause button and then pressing the fast
reverse button. To cancel slow play mode, press
the play/pause button.
t (Previous Track/Chapter): Press this button
to return to the start of the current track or
chapter. Press this button again to go to the
previous track or chapter. This button may
not work when the DVD is playing the copyright
information or the previews.
u (Next Track/Chapter): Press this button to
go to the beginning of the next chapter or
track. This button may not work when the DVD is
playing the copyright information or the previews.
r (Fast Reverse): Press this button to fast
reverse the DVD or CD. To stop fast reversing
a DVD video, press the play button. To stop fast
reversing a DVD audio or CD, release the fast
reverse button. This button may not work when the
DVD is playing the copyright information or
the previews.
[ (Fast Forward): Press this button to fast
forward the DVD or CD. To stop fast forwarding a
DVD video, press the play button. To stop fast
forwarding a DVD audio or CD, release the
fast forward button. This button may not work
when the DVD is playing the copyright information
or the previews.
e (Audio): Press this button to change audio
tracks on DVDs that have this feature when
the DVD is playing. The format and content of
this function will vary for each disc.
309
{ (Subtitles): Press this button to turn ON/OFF
subtitles and to move through subtitle options
when a DVD is playing. The format and content of
this function will vary for each disc.
d (Camera): Press this button to change
camera angles on DVDs that have this feature
when a DVD is playing. The format and content of
this function will vary for each disc.
AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to switch the
system between the DVD player and an auxiliary
source.
1 through 0 (Numeric Keypad): The numeric
keypad provides the capability of direct chapter or
track number selection.
If your vehicle has a third row video screen, the
AUX button will control the source display on
the second row video screen, and the third row
video screen as described in the table below:
\ (Clear): Press this button within three seconds
Aux Button
Press
Default State
(No Press)
Second Row
Screen
Third Row
Screen
DVD Media
DVD Media
First Press
Aux Video
Source
Second Press
DVD Media
Aux Video
Source
Aux Video
Source
Third Press
Aux Video
Source
Return to Default
State
Fourth Press
310
DVD Media
Return to
Default State
after entering a numeric selection, to clear all
numeric inputs.
} 10 (Double Digit Entries): Press this button to
select chapter or track numbers greater than 9.
Press this button before entering the number.
Battery Replacement
To change the remote control batteries, do the
following:
1. Remove the battery compartment door
located on the bottom of the remote control.
2. Replace the two AA batteries in the
compartment. Make sure that they are
installed correctly, using the diagram on
the inside of the battery compartment.
3. Close the battery door securely.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long
period of time, remove the batteries and keep them
in a cool, dry place.
Problem
No power.
The picture does not
fill the screen. There
are black borders on the
top and bottom or on
both sides or it looks
stretched out.
Recommended Action
The ignition might not be
turned on or in accessory.
Check the display mode
settings in the setup menu
by pressing the display
menu button on the
remote control.
Problem
In auxiliary mode, the
picture moves or scrolls.
Recommended Action
Check the auxiliary input
connections at both
devices.
The remote control does
Check to make sure there
not work.
is no obstruction between
the remote control and the
transmitter window.
Check the batteries to
make sure they are not
dead or installed
incorrectly.
After stopping the player, I If the stop button was
push Play but sometimes pressed one time, the
the DVD starts where I
DVD player will resume
left off and sometimes at playing where the DVD
the beginning.
was stopped. If the stop
button was pressed two
times the DVD player will
begin to play from the
beginning of the DVD.
311
Problem
The auxiliary source is
running but there is no
picture or sound.
Recommended Action
Check that the RSE video
screen is in the auxiliary
source mode.
Check the auxiliary input
connections at both
devices.
Sometimes the wireless
Check for obstructions,
headphone audio cuts out low batteries, reception
or buzzes.
range, and interference
from cellular telephone
towers or by using your
cellular telephone in the
vehicle.
Check that the
headphones are on
correctly using the L (left)
and R (right) on the
headphones.
I lost the remote and/or
See your dealer for
the headphones.
assistance.
The DVD is playing,
Check that the RSE video
but there is no picture
screen is sourced to the
or sound.
DVD player.
312
DVD Display Error Messages
The DVD display error message depends on
which radio you have. The video screen may
display one of the following:
Disc Load/Eject Error: This message is
displayed when there are disc load or eject
problems.
Disc Format Error: This message will be
displayed, if the disc is inserted with the disc
label wrong side up, or if the disc is damaged.
Disc Region Error: This message will be
displayed, if the disc is not from a correct region.
No Disc Inserted: This message will be
displayed, if no disc is present when the EJECT
button is pressed on the radio.
DVD Distortion
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
Video distortion may occur when operating cellular
phones, scanners, CB radios, Global Position
Systems (GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile fax, or
walkie talkies.
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen
to and control any of the music sources: radio,
CDs, DVDs, or other auxiliary sources. The
rear seat passengers can control the same music
sources the front seat passengers are listening
to (dual control) or a different source. For example,
rear seat passengers can listen to and control a
CD through the headphones, while the driver
listens to the radio through the speakers. The rear
seat passengers have control of the volume for
each set of headphones.
It may be necessary to turn off the DVD player
when operating one of these devices in or near
the vehicle.
*Excludes the OnStar® System.
Cleaning the RSE Overhead Console
When cleaning the RSE overhead console surface,
use only a clean cloth dampened with clean
water.
Cleaning the Video Screen
When cleaning the video screen, use only a clean
cloth dampened with clean water. Use care
when directly touching or cleaning the screen, as
damage may result.
You can operate the RSA functions even when
the main radio is off.
Audio can be heard through wired headphones
(not included) plugged into the jacks on the RSA.
If your vehicle has this feature, audio can also
be heard on Channel 2 of the wireless
headphones.
The front audio system allows the rear speakers
to continue playing even when the RSA audio
is active through the headphones.
313
© ¨ (Seek): When listening to FM, AM, or XM™
(if equipped), press the seek up or the seek down
arrow to go to the next or the previous station or
channels and stay there. This function is inactive,
with some radios, if the front seat passengers are
listening to the radio.
Press and hold the seek up or seek down arrow
until the display flashes, to tune to an individual
station. The display will stop flashing after the
buttons have not been pushed for more than
two seconds. This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening to
the radio.
P (Power): Press this button to turn the RSA
on or off.
Volume: Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume of the wired headphones.
The left knob controls the left headphones and the
right knob controls the right headphones.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between the radio (AM/FM), XM™ (if equipped),
CD, and if your vehicle has these features,
DVD, front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
314
While listening to a disc, press the seek up arrow to
go to the next track or chapter on the disc. Press
the seek down arrow to go back to the start of the
current track or chapter (if more than 10 seconds
have played). This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening to
the disc.
When a DVD video menu is being displayed, press
the seek up arrow or seek down arrow to perform a
cursor up or down on the menu. Hold the seek up
arrow or seek down arrow to perform a cursor right
or left on the menu.
PROG (Program): Press this button to go to
the next preset radio station or channel set on the
main radio. This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening
to the radio.
When a CD or DVD audio is playing, press this
button to go to the beginning of the CD or
DVD audio. This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening to
the disc.
When a disc is playing in the CD or DVD
changer, press this button to select the next disc,
if multiple discs are loaded. This function is
inactive, with some radios, if the front seat
passengers are listening to the disc.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft
of your vehicle’s radio. The feature works
automatically by learning a portion of the
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). If the radio
is moved to a different vehicle, it will not operate.
If the radio is removed from your vehicle, the
original VIN in the radio can be used to trace the
radio back to your vehicle.
With THEFTLOCK® activated, the radio will not
operate if stolen.
When a DVD video menu is being displayed,
press the PROG button to perform the menu
function, Enter.
315
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Some audio controls can be adjusted at the
steering wheel.
Your vehicle has
audio steering wheel
controls, they may differ
depending on your
vehicle’s options.
The audio steering wheel controls include the
following:
xw (Next/Previous): Press the up or the down
arrow to go to the next or to the previous radio
station stored as a favorite.
When a CD/DVD is playing, press the up or the
down arrow to go to the next or previous track
or chapter.
316
g (Mute/Voice Recognition): Press and release
this button to silence the vehicle speakers only.
The audio of the wireless and wired headphones,
if your vehicle has these features, will not be
muted. Press and release this button again, to turn
the sound on.
If your vehicle has the navigation system, press
and hold this button for longer than one second to
initiate voice recognition. See “Voice Recognition”
in the Navigation System manual for more
information.
Press and hold this button for longer than one
second to interact with the OnStar® system. If your
vehicle also has the navigation system, press
and hold this button for longer than one second to
initiate voice recognition and say “OnStar” to
enter OnStar® mode. See the OnStar® System on
page 152 in this manual for more information.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between the radio (AM, FM), XM™ (if equipped),
CD, and if your vehicle has these features,
DVD, front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
+ e − e (Volume): Press the plus or minus
button to increase or to decrease the radio volume.
¨ (Seek): Press the seek arrow to go to the
next radio station while in AM, FM, or XM™
(if equipped). Press this button to go to the next
track or chapter while sourced to the DVD
slot. Press the button to go to the next disc while
sourced to a CD or DVD changer, if multiple
discs are loaded.
Radio Reception
You may experience frequency interference and
static during normal radio reception if items
such as cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic devices
are plugged into the accessory power outlet. If
there is interference or static, unplug the item from
the accessory power outlet.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for
FM, especially at night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with each other.
For better radio reception, most AM radio stations
will boost the power levels during the day, and then
reduce these levels during the night. Static can also
occur when things like storms and power lines
interfere with radio reception. When this happens,
try reducing the treble on your radio.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM
signals, causing the sound to fade in and out.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous
United States, and in Canada. Just as with FM,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with satellite
radio signals, causing the sound to fade in and out.
In addition, traveling or standing under heavy
foliage, bridges, garages, or tunnels may cause
loss of the XM™ signal for a period of time.
The radio may display No Signl to indicate
interference.
317
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Care of the CD and DVD Player
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from
direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the
bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a
CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken,
or scratched, the CD will not play properly or not
at all. If the surface of a CD is soiled, take a
soft, lint free cloth or dampen a clean, soft cloth in
a mild, neutral detergent solution mixed with
water, and clean it. Make sure the wiping process
starts from the center to the edge.
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not
advised, due to the risk of contaminating the lens
of the CD optics with lubricants internal to the
CD mechanism.
Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the surface.
Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Check occasionally to make sure the mast
is still tightened to its base. If tightening is
required, tighten by hand, then with a wrench
one quarter turn.
318
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car
washes without being damaged. If the mast should
ever become slightly bent, straighten it out by
hand. If the mast is badly bent, replace it.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on
the roof of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of
snow and ice build up for clear radio reception.
If your vehicle has a sunroof, the performance of
the XM™ system may be affected if the sunroof
is open.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can
interfere with the performance of the XM™ system.
Make sure the XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is
not obstructed.
Chime Level Adjustment
The radio is used to adjust the vehicle’s chime
level. To change the volume level of the chime,
press and hold pushbutton 6 with the ignition
on and the radio power off. The volume level will
change from the normal level to loud, and
LOUD will appear on the radio display. To change
back to the default or normal setting, press and
hold pushbutton 6 again. The volume level
will change from the loud level to normal, and
NORMAL will appear on the radio display. Each
time the chime volume is changed, three
chimes will sound to indicate the new volume
selected. Removing the radio and not replacing it
with a factory radio or chime module will disable
vehicle chimes.
319
✍ NOTES
320
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle ............................................ 322
Defensive Driving ...................................... 322
Drunken Driving ........................................ 323
Control of a Vehicle .................................. 326
Braking ...................................................... 326
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................. 327
Braking in Emergencies ............................. 329
Locking Differential .................................... 329
Road Sensing Suspension ......................... 329
StabiliTrak® System ................................... 330
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System .................. 333
Steering .................................................... 333
Off-Road Recovery .................................... 335
Passing ..................................................... 336
Loss of Control .......................................... 338
Off-Road Driving ........................................ 339
Driving at Night ......................................... 355
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ............ 356
City Driving ............................................... 360
Freeway Driving ........................................ 361
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .................. 362
Highway Hypnosis ..................................... 363
Hill and Mountain Roads ........................... 364
Winter Driving ........................................... 366
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice, or Snow .......................................... 370
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out ........... 370
Recovery Hooks ........................................ 371
Loading Your Vehicle ................................ 372
Truck-Camper Loading Information ............ 378
Towing ........................................................ 378
Towing Your Vehicle ................................. 378
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...................... 379
Autoride® ................................................... 379
Towing a Trailer ........................................ 380
Trailer Recommendations .......................... 392
321
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in
your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They
Are for Everyone on page 18.
322
{CAUTION:
Defensive driving really means “Be ready
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads,
or expressways, it means “Always expect
the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians
or other drivers are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do and be ready. Rear-end collisions
are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow
enough following distance. Defensive
driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that distracts
from the driving task makes proper
defensive driving more difficult and can
even cause a collision, with resulting
injury. Ask a passenger to help do these
things, or pull off the road in a safe place to
do them. These simple defensive driving
techniques could save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and
driving is a national tragedy. It is the number one
contributor to the highway death toll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
• Judgment
• Muscular Coordination
• Vision
• Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most
cases, these deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, more
than 16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths
have been associated with the use of alcohol, with
more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half
the adult population — choose never to drink
alcohol, so they never drive after drinking.
For persons under 21, it is against the law in
every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good
medical, psychological, and developmental
reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink
alcohol and then drive. But what if people do?
How much is “too much” if someone plans
to drive? It is a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon
four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before
and during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
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According to the American Medical Association, a
180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with
a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would
reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce
(120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if
each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors like
whiskey, gin, or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For
example, if the same person drank three double
martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each)
within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close
to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food
just before or during drinking will have a somewhat
lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women
generally have a lower relative percentage of body
water than men. Since alcohol is carried in body
water, this means that a woman generally will
reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same
body weight will when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout
Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In
some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers
in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to
six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have
seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the
drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.
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But the ability to drive is affected well below a
BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that
the driving skills of many people are impaired at a
BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the
effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired
at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent,
the chance of this driver having a collision is
12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the
chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the
alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or
number of cold showers will speed that up. “I will
be careful” is not the right answer. What if
there is an emergency, a need to take sudden
action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be
able to react quickly enough to avoid the
collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving
that many people do not know. Medical research
shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the
brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when
anyone who has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance
of being killed or permanently disabled is
higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
attentiveness, and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after
drinking. Please do not drink and drive
or ride with a driver who has been
drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you are
with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
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Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle
go where you want it to go. They are the
brakes, the steering, and the accelerator. All
three systems have to do their work at the places
where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or
ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose control of your vehicle. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 330.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 397.
See Brake System Warning Light on page 232.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake
pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to
bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might
be less with one driver and as long as two or
three seconds or more with another. Age, physical
condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight
all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs, and
frustration. But even in three-fourths of a second,
a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
your vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary
greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of the road,
whether it is wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the
condition of the brakes; the weight of the vehicle;
and the amount of brake force applied.
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Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by
heavy braking — rather than keeping pace with
traffic. This is a mistake. The brakes may not have
time to cool between hard stops. The brakes
will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy
braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and
allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your vehicle’s engine ever stops while you are
driving, brake normally but do not pump the
brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to
push down. If the engine stops, you will still have
some power brake assist. But you will use it
when you brake. Once the power assist is used
up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 397.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has the Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS), an advanced electronic braking system that
will help prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine and begin to drive
away, ABS will check itself. You may hear a
momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal.
If there is a problem
with ABS, this warning
light will stay on.
See Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning
Light on page 234.
Along with ABS, your vehicle has a Dynamic Rear
Proportioning (DRP) system. If there is a DRP
problem, both the brake and ABS warning lights
will come on accompanied by a 10-second
chime. The lights and chime will come on each
time the ignition is turned on until the problem is
repaired. See your dealer for service.
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ABS can change the brake pressure faster than
any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving
safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of
you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here is what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work the brakes at each
front wheel and at both rear wheels.
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As you brake, your computer keeps receiving
updates on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal
or always decrease stopping distance. If you get
too close to the vehicle in front of you, you will not
have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle
suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough
room up ahead to stop, even though you
have ABS.
Using ABS
Locking Differential
If your vehicle has this feature, your locking
differential can give you additional traction on
snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like
a standard axle most of the time, but when one of
the wheels has no traction and the other does,
this feature will allow the wheel with traction
to move the vehicle.
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake
pedal down firmly and let anti-lock work for you.
You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice
some noise, but this is normal.
Road Sensing Suspension
Braking in Emergencies
The system is fully automatic and uses a computer
controller to continuously monitor vehicle speed,
wheel to body position, lift/dive and steering
position of the vehicle. The controller then sends
signals to each shock absorber to independently
adjust the damping level to provide the optimum
vehicle ride.
With ABS, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you
more than even the very best braking.
The Road Sensing Suspension (RSS) feature
provides superior vehicle ride and handling under
a variety of passenger and loading conditions.
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RSS also interacts with the tow/haul mode that,
when engaged, will provide additional control
of the shock absorbers. This additional control
results in better ride and handling characteristics
when the vehicle is loaded or towing a trailer. See
“Tow/Haul Mode” under Towing a Trailer on
page 380.
StabiliTrak® System
Your vehicle may be equipped with the
StabiliTrak® system which combines antilock
brake, traction and stability control systems and
helps the driver maintain directional control of the
vehicle in most driving conditions.
When you first start your vehicle and begin to
drive away, the system performs several diagnostic
checks to ensure there are no problems. You
may hear or feel the system working. This
is normal and does not mean there is a problem
with your vehicle. The system should initialize
before the vehicle reaches 20 mph (32 km/h).
In some cases, it may take approximately
two miles of driving before the system initializes.
330
If the system fails to turn on or activate, the
StabiliTrak® light along with one of the following
messages will be displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC): TRACTION CONTROL
OFF, SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL,
STABILITRAK OFF, SERVICE STABILITRAK. If
these DIC messages appear, make sure the
StabiliTrak® system has not been turned off using
the StabiliTrak® on/off button. Then turn the
steering wheel clockwise from the nine o’clock
position to the three o’clock position. If this clears
the message(s), your vehicle does not need
servicing. If this does not clear the message(s),
then turn the vehicle off, wait 15 seconds, and then
turn it back on again to reset the system. If any
of these messages still appear on the Driver
Information Center (DIC), your vehicle should be
taken in for service. For more information on
the DIC messages, see Driver Information Center
(DIC) on page 243.
The StabiliTrak® light
will flash on the
instrument panel cluster
when the system is
both on and activated.
You may also feel or hear the system working;
this is normal.
The traction control
disable button is located
on the instrument
panel below the climate
controls.
The traction control part of StabiliTrak® can be
turned off by pressing and releasing the
StabiliTrak® button if both systems (traction control
and StabiliTrak®) were previously on. To disable
both traction control and StabiliTrak®, press
and hold the button for five seconds.
Traction control and StabiliTrak® can be turned on
by pressing and releasing the StabiliTrak®
button if not automatically shut off for any other
reason.
When the TCS or StabiliTrak® system is turned
off, the StabiliTrak® light and the appropriate TCS
off or StabiliTrak® off message will be displayed
on the DIC to warn the driver. Your vehicle will still
have brake-traction control when traction control
is off, but will not be able to use the engine speed
management system. See “Traction Control
Operation” next for more information.
When the traction control system has been turned
off, you may still hear system noises as a result
of the brake-traction control coming on.
It is recommended to leave the system on for
normal driving conditions, but it may be necessary
to turn the system off if your vehicle is stuck in
sand, mud, ice or snow, and you want to
“rock” your vehicle to attempt to free it. It may also
be necessary to turn off the system when driving
in extreme off-road conditions where high
wheel spin is required. See If Your Vehicle is
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 370.
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When the transfer case is in 4LO, the stability
system is automatically disabled, the StabiliTrak®
light will come on and the STABILITRAK OFF
message will appear on the DIC. Both traction
control and StabiliTrak® are automatically disabled
in this condition.
Traction Control Operation
The traction control system is part of the
StabiliTrak® system. Traction control limits wheel
spin by reducing engine power to the wheels
(engine speed management) and by applying
brakes to each individual wheel (brake-traction
control) as necessary.
The traction control system is enabled
automatically when you start your vehicle. It will
activate and the StabiliTrak® light will flash if
it senses that any of the wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction while driving. If you turn
off traction control, only the brake-traction
control portion of traction control will work. The
engine speed management will be disabled. In this
mode, engine power is not reduced automatically
and the driven wheels can spin more freely.
This can cause the brake-traction control to
activate constantly.
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Notice: If you allow the wheel(s) of one axle
to spin excessively while the StabiliTrak®, ABS
and brake warning lights and the SERVICE
STABILITRAK message are displayed,
you could damage the transfer case. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Reduce engine power and do not spin the
wheel(s) excessively while these lights and this
message are displayed.
The traction control system may activate on dry or
rough roads or under conditions such as heavy
acceleration while turning or abrupt upshifts/
downshifts of the transmission. When this happens,
you may notice a reduction in acceleration, or may
hear a noise or vibration. This is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the system
activates, the StabiliTrak® light will flash and the
cruise control will automatically disengage.
When road conditions allow you to use cruise
again, you may re-engage the cruise control. See
Cruise Control on page 201.
StabiliTrak® may also turn off automatically if it
determines that a problem exists with the system.
If the problem does not clear itself after restarting
the vehicle, you should see your dealer for
service.
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System
Steering Tips
With this feature, engine power is sent to all
four wheels at all times. This is like four-wheel
drive, but there is no separate lever or switch to
engage or disengage the front axle. It is fully
automatic, and adjusts itself as needed for road
conditions. See StabiliTrak® System on page 330
for more information.
It is important to take curves at a reasonable
speed.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the
engine stops or the system is not functioning, you
can steer but it will take much more effort.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
mentioned on the news happen on curves. Here
is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is
subject to the same laws of physics when driving on
curves. The traction of the tires against the road
surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change
its path when you turn the front wheels. If there is
no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the
same direction. If you have ever tried to steer a
vehicle on wet ice, you will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on
the condition of your tires and the road surface, the
angle at which the curve is banked, and your
speed. While you are in a curve, speed is the
one factor you can control.
333
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to
do their work where the tires meet the road.
Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 330.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up
on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the
way you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you
should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted
speeds are based on good weather and road
conditions. Under less favorable conditions you will
want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while
your front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive”
through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady
speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of
the curve, and then accelerate gently into
the straightaway.
334
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 397.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more
effective than braking. For example, you come
over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or
a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a
child darts out from between parked cars and
stops right in front of you. You can avoid these
problems by braking — if you can stop in time. But
sometimes you cannot; there is not room. That
is the time for evasive action — steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 326. It is better to remove as
much speed as you can from a possible collision.
Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you are driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention
and a quick decision. If you are holding the
steering wheel at the recommended 9 and
3 o’clock positions, you can turn it a full
180 degrees very quickly without removing either
hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you
have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are
always possible is a good reason to practice
defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts
properly.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off
the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the
way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel
up to one-quarter turn until the right front tire
contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your
steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.
335
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple
maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a
two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move,
since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A
miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a
brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly
put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on
collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the
sides, and to crossroads for situations
that might affect your passing patterns. If you
have any doubt whatsoever about making
a successful pass, wait for a better time.
336
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings,
and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead
that might indicate a turn or an intersection,
delay your pass. A broken center line
usually indicates it is all right to pass, providing
the road ahead is clear. Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want
to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity.
For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you are
following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not
have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming
• Check your vehicle’s mirrors, glance over your
up, start to accelerate but stay in the right
lane and do not get too close. Time your move
so you will be increasing speed as the time
comes to move into the other lane. If the way
is clear to pass, you will have a running
start that more than makes up for the distance
you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel
your pass, you need only slow down and drop
back again and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow
vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that
someone is not trying to pass you as you pull
out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to
glance over your shoulder and check the
blind spot.
shoulder, and start your left lane change
signal before moving out of the right lane to
pass. When you are far enough ahead of
the passed vehicle to see its front in
your vehicle’s inside mirror, activate the right
lane change signal and move back into
the right lane. Remember that, if your vehicle’s
passenger side outside mirror is convex, the
vehicle you just passed may seem to be
farther away from you than it really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a
time on two-lane roads. Reconsider before
passing the next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too
rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are
not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting
to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
337
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or
area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and
by not overdriving those conditions. But skids
are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your
vehicle’s three control systems. In the braking skid,
your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a
curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force.
And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle
causes the driving wheels to spin.
338
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
Remember: Any traction control system helps
avoid only the acceleration skid. If your traction
control system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off
the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the
way you want the vehicle to go. If you start
steering quickly enough, your vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid
if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice, gravel, or other material is on the road.
For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust
your driving to these conditions. It is important
to slow down on slippery surfaces because
stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking, including reducing vehicle speed by
shifting to a lower gear. Any sudden changes could
cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the
surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow on the road to
make a mirrored surface — and slow down when
you have any doubt.
Remember: Any Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
helps avoid only the braking skid.
Off-Road Driving
Many of the same design features that help make
your vehicle responsive on paved roads during
poor weather conditions — features like all-wheel
drive — help make it much better suited for
off-road use than a conventional passenger car.
Its higher ground clearance also helps your vehicle
step over some off-road obstacles. But your
vehicle does not have features like special
underbody shielding and a transfer case low gear
range, things that are usually thought necessary
for extended or severe off-road service. This guide
is for operating your vehicle off paved roads.
Also, see Braking on page 326.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does have
some definite hazards. The greatest of these is
the terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you have left the great North
American road system behind. Traffic lanes
are not marked. Curves are not banked. There are
no road signs. Surfaces can be slippery, rough,
uphill, or downhill. In short, you have gone
right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that
is why it is very important that you read this
guide. You will find many driving tips and
suggestions. These will help make your off-road
driving safer and more enjoyable.
If you think you will need some more ground
clearance at the front of your vehicle, you
can remove the front fascia lower air dam.
The front fascia lower air dam is held in place by
two bolts and 10 snap features. The bolts and
snap features are accessible from underneath the
front fascia.
339
The following steps must be performed on the
bolts and snap features to remove the air dam:
1. Remove the two outboard air dam bolts.
2. With a flat-blade screwdriver, push down on
the snap features and disengage the snaps.
3. After the bolts are removed and the snaps are
disengaged, push forward on the air dam until
it is free.
When you are back on roads, though, be sure to
replace the air dam.
Notice: Operating your vehicle for extended
periods without the front fascia lower air
dam installed can cause improper air flow to
the engine. Always be sure to replace the front
fascia air dam when you are finished off-road
driving.
To reinstall the lower air dam do the following:
1. Line up the snap features and push the
air dam rearward to engage the snaps.
2. Install the two outboard bolts.
340
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things to do before you go out.
For example, be sure to have all necessary
maintenance and service work done. Check to
make sure all underbody shields, if the vehicle has
them, are properly attached. Is there enough
fuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid
levels up where they should be? What are
the local laws that apply to off-roading where you
will be driving? If you do not know, you should
check with law enforcement people in the
area. Will you be on someone’s private land? If
so, be sure to get the necessary permission.
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road
Driving
{CAUTION:
• Cargo on the load floor piled higher
than the seatbacks can be thrown
forward during a sudden stop. You or
your passengers could be injured.
Keep cargo below the top of the
seatbacks.
• Unsecured cargo on the load floor can
be tossed about when driving over
rough terrain. You or your passengers
can be struck by flying objects.
Secure the cargo properly.
• Heavy loads on the roof raise the
vehicle’s center of gravity, making it
more likely to roll over. You can be
seriously or fatally injured if the
vehicle rolls over. Put heavy loads
inside the cargo area, not on the roof.
Keep cargo in the cargo area as far
forward and low as possible.
There are some important things to remember
about how to load your vehicle.
• The heaviest things should be on the load
floor and forward of the rear axle. Put
heavier items as far forward as you can.
• Be sure the load is secured properly, so
driving on the off-road terrain does not
toss things around.
You will find other important information in this
manual. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 372
and Tires on page 454.
Environmental Concerns
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and
satisfying recreation. However, it also raises
environmental concerns. We recognize these
concerns and urge every off-roader to follow these
basic rules for protecting the environment:
• Always use established trails, roads, and areas
that have been specially set aside for public
off-road recreational driving; obey all
posted regulations.
341
• Avoid any driving practice that could damage
the environment — shrubs, flowers, trees,
grasses — or disturb wildlife. This includes
wheel-spinning, breaking down trees, or
unnecessary driving through streams or over
soft ground.
• Always carry a litter bag — make sure all
refuse is removed from any campsite
before leaving.
• Take extreme care with open fires where
permitted, camp stoves, and lanterns.
• Never park your vehicle over dry grass or
other combustible materials that could
catch fire from the heat of the vehicle’s
exhaust system.
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when
going to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan
your route. You are much less likely to get bad
surprises. Get accurate maps of trails and terrain.
Try to learn of any blocked or closed roads.
It is also a good idea to travel with at least one
other vehicle. If something happens to one
of them, the other can help quickly.
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It is a good idea to practice in an area that is safe
and close to home before you go into the
wilderness. Off-road driving does require some new
and different driving skills. Here is what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals.
Your eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep
the terrain for unexpected obstacles. Your ears
need to listen for unusual tire or engine sounds.
With your arms, hands, feet, and body, you
will need to respond to vibrations and vehicle
bounce.
342
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful
off-road driving. One of the best ways to
control your vehicle is to control your speed. Here
are some things to keep in mind. At higher
speeds:
• You approach things faster and you have less
time to scan the terrain for obstacles.
• You have less time to react.
• You have more vehicle bounce when you
drive over obstacles.
• You will need more distance for braking,
especially since you are on an unpaved
surface.
{CAUTION:
When you are driving off-road, bouncing
and quick changes in direction can easily
throw you out of position. This could
cause you to lose control and crash. So,
whether you are driving on or off the road,
you and your passengers should wear
safety belts.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different
kinds of terrain. You need to be familiar with
the terrain and its many different features. Here
are some things to consider.
Surface Conditions: Off-roading can take you
over hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand,
mud, snow, or ice. Each of these surfaces
affects the steering, acceleration, and braking of
your vehicle in different ways. Depending upon the
kind of surface you are on, you may experience
slipping, sliding, wheel spinning, delayed
acceleration, poor traction, and longer braking
distances.
Surface Obstacles: Unseen or hidden obstacles
can be hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut, or
bump can startle you if you are not prepared for
them. Often these obstacles are hidden by
grass, bushes, snow, or even the rise and fall of
the terrain itself. Here are some things to consider:
• Is the path ahead clear?
• Will the surface texture change abruptly up
ahead?
343
• Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
There is more discussion of these subjects
later.
• Will you have to stop suddenly or change
direction quickly?
When you drive over obstacles or rough terrain,
keep a firm grip on the steering wheel. Ruts,
troughs, or other surface features can jerk
the wheel out of your hands if you are not
prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other
obstacles, the wheels can leave the ground. If
this happens, even with one or two wheels,
you cannot control the vehicle as well or at all.
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it is
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns, or sudden braking.
344
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind
of alertness from driving on paved roads and
highways. There are no road signs, posted speed
limits, or signal lights. You have to use your
own good judgment about what is safe and
what is not.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on
any road. And this is certainly true for off-road
driving. At the very time you need special alertness
and driving skills, your reflexes, perceptions,
and judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You could have a serious — or
even fatal — accident if you drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking.
See Drunken Driving on page 323.
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Approaching a Hill
Off-road driving often takes you up, down, or
across a hill. Driving safely on hills requires good
judgment and an understanding of what your
vehicle can and cannot do. There are some hills
that simply cannot be driven, no matter how
well built the vehicle.
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if it
is one of those hills that is just too steep to
climb, descend, or cross. Steepness can be hard
to judge. On a very small hill, for example,
there may be a smooth, constant incline with only
a small change in elevation where you can
easily see all the way to the top. On a large hill,
the incline may get steeper as you near the
top, but you may not see this because the crest of
the hill is hidden by bushes, grass, or shrubs.
{CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any
vehicle. If you drive up them, you will
stall. If you drive down them, you cannot
control your speed. If you drive across
them, you will roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any
doubt about the steepness, do not drive
the hill.
Here are some other things to consider as
you approach a hill.
• Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get
sharply steeper in places?
• Is there good traction on the hillside, or will
the surface cause tire slipping?
• Is there a straight path up or down the hill so
you will not have to make turning maneuvers?
• Are there obstructions on the hill that can
block your path, such as boulders, trees, logs,
or ruts?
345
• What is beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out
and walk the hill if you do not know. It is the
smart way to find out.
• Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often
have ruts, gullies, troughs, and exposed
rocks because they are more susceptible to
the effects of erosion.
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill,
you need to take some special steps.
• Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the
steering wheel.
• Get a smooth start up the hill and try to
maintain your speed. Do not use more power
than you need, because you do not want
the wheels to start spinning or sliding.
• Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
If the path twists and turns, you might want to
find another route.
346
{CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can
be dangerous. You could lose traction,
slide sideways, and possibly roll over.
You could be seriously injured or killed.
When driving up hills, always try to go
straight up.
• Ease up on your speed as you approach the
top of the hill.
• Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more
visible to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
• Sound the horn as you approach the top of the
hill to let opposing traffic know you are there.
• Use the headlamps even during the day. They
make you more visible to oncoming traffic.
• If the engine has stopped running, you will
{CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full
speed can cause an accident. There could
be a drop-off, embankment, cliff, or even
another vehicle. You could be seriously
injured or killed. As you near the top of a
hill, slow down and stay alert.
Q: What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or
is about to stall, and I cannot make it up
the hill?
A: If this happens, there are some things you
need to restart it. With the brake pedal
pressed and the parking brake still applied,
shift the transmission to PARK (P) and restart
the engine. Then, shift to REVERSE (R),
release the parking brake, and slowly back
down the hill as straight as possible in
REVERSE (R).
• As you are backing down the hill, put your left
hand on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock
position. This way, you will be able to tell if the
wheels are straight and maneuver as you
back down. It is best that you back down the
hill with the wheels straight rather than in
the left or right direction. Turning the wheel too
far to the left or right will increase the
possibility of a rollover.
should do, and there are some things you
must not do. First, here is what you should do:
• Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle
and keep it from rolling backwards. Also, apply
the parking brake.
• If the engine is still running, shift the
transmission to REVERSE (R), release the
parking brake, and slowly back down the hill in
REVERSE (R).
347
Here are some things you must not do if you stall,
or are about to stall, when going up a hill.
• Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting
into NEUTRAL (N) to rev-up the engine
and regain forward momentum. This will not
work. Your vehicle will roll backwards
very quickly and you could go out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop
the vehicle. Then apply the parking brake.
Shift to REVERSE (R), release the parking
brake, and slowly back straight down.
• Never attempt to turn around if you are about
to stall when going up a hill. If the hill is steep
enough to stall your vehicle, it is steep
enough to cause you to roll over if you turn
around. If you cannot make it up the hill, you
must back straight down the hill.
348
Q: Suppose, after stalling, I try to back down
the hill and decide I just cannot do it. What
should I do?
A: Set the parking brake, put the transmission in
PARK (P) and turn off the engine. Leave the
vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the
uphill side and stay clear of the path the
vehicle would take if it rolled downhill.
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you will want
to consider a number of things:
• How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to
maintain vehicle control?
• What is the surface like? Smooth? Rough?
Slippery? Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
• Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts?
Logs? Boulders?
• What is at the bottom of the hill? Is there a
hidden creek bank or even a river bottom
with large rocks?
{CAUTION:
Heavy braking when going down a hill can
cause your brakes to overheat and fade.
This could cause loss of control and a
serious accident. Apply the brakes lightly
when descending a hill and use a low
gear to keep vehicle speed under control.
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then
try to keep your vehicle headed straight down, and
use a low gear. This way, engine drag can help
the brakes and they will not have to do all
the work. Descend slowly, keeping your vehicle
under control at all times.
349
Q: Are there some things I should not do
when driving down a hill?
A: Yes! These are important because if you
ignore them you could lose control and
have a serious accident.
• When driving downhill, avoid turns that take
you across the incline of the hill. A hill that
is not too steep to drive down may be
too steep to drive across. You could roll
over if you do not drive straight down.
• Never go downhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called “free-wheeling.”
The brakes will have to do all the work
and could overheat and fade.
350
Q: Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
A: It is much more likely to happen going
uphill. But if it happens going downhill, here
is what to do.
1. Stop your vehicle by applying the regular
brakes. Apply the parking brake.
2. Shift to PARK (P) and, while still braking,
restart the engine.
3. Shift back to a low gear, release the parking
brake, and drive straight down.
4. If the engine will not start, get out and
get help.
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go
across the incline of a hill. If this happens,
you have to decide whether to try to drive across
the incline. Here are some things to consider:
• A hill that can be driven straight up or down
may be too steep to drive across. When you go
straight up or down a hill, the length of the
wheel base — the distance from the front
wheels to the rear wheels — reduces the
likelihood the vehicle will tumble end over end.
But when you drive across an incline, the much
more narrow track width — the distance
between the left and right wheels — may not
prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling over.
Also, driving across an incline puts more weight
on the downhill wheels. This could cause a
downhill slide or a rollover.
• Surface conditions can be a problem when you
drive across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy spots,
or even wet grass can cause your tires to slip
sideways, downhill. If the vehicle slips
sideways, it can hit something that will trip
it — a rock, a rut, etc. — and roll over.
• Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of
the incline even worse. If you drive across a
rock with the uphill wheels, or if the downhill
wheels drop into a rut or depression, your
vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide
carefully whether to try to drive across an incline.
Just because the trail goes across the incline
does not mean you have to drive it. The last
vehicle to try it might have rolled over.
{CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that is too steep
will make your vehicle roll over. You could
be seriously injured or killed. If you have
any doubt about the steepness of the
incline, do not drive across it. Find
another route instead.
351
Q: What if I am driving across an incline that
is not too steep, but I hit some loose
gravel and start to slide downhill. What
should I do?
A: If you feel your vehicle starting to slide
sideways, turn downhill. This should help
straighten out the vehicle and prevent the side
slipping. However, a much better way to
prevent this is to get out and “walk the course”
so you know what the surface is like before
you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
If your vehicle stalls when you are crossing an
incline, be sure you, and any passengers, get out
on the uphill side, even if the door there is
harder to open. If you get out on the downhill side
and the vehicle starts to roll over, you will be
right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the
path the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
352
{CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a
vehicle stopped across an incline is
dangerous. If the vehicle rolls over, you
could be crushed or killed. Always get out
on the uphill (high) side of the vehicle and
stay well clear of the rollover path.
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow, or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow, or sand, the wheels
will not get good traction. You cannot accelerate
as quickly, turning is more difficult, and you
will need longer braking distances.
It is best to use a low gear when you are in
mud —the deeper the mud, the lower the gear.
In really deep mud, the idea is to keep your vehicle
moving so you do not get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you will sense a change
in wheel traction. But it will depend upon how
loosely packed the sand is. On loosely packed
sand, such as on beaches or sand dunes, the tires
will tend to sink into the sand. This has an effect
on steering, accelerating, and braking. Drive
at a reduced speed and avoid sharp turns
or abrupt maneuvers.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire
traction. On these surfaces, it is very easy to lose
control. On wet ice, for example, the traction is
so poor that you will have difficulty accelerating.
And if you do get moving, poor steering and
difficult braking can cause you to slide out of
control.
{CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds, or rivers
can be dangerous. Underwater springs,
currents under the ice, or sudden thaws
can weaken the ice. Your vehicle could
fall through the ice and you and your
passengers could drown. Drive your
vehicle on safe surfaces only.
353
Driving in Water
Heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood
waters demand extreme caution.
{CAUTION:
Find out how deep the water is before you drive
through it. If it is deep enough to cover the wheel
hubs, axles, or exhaust pipe, do not try it — you
probably will not get through. Also, water that deep
can damage the axle and other vehicle parts.
Driving through rushing water can be
dangerous. Deep water can sweep your
vehicle downstream and you and your
passengers could drown. If it is only
shallow water, it can still wash away the
ground from under your tires, and you
could lose traction and roll the vehicle
over. Do not drive through rushing water.
If the water is not too deep, drive slowly through it.
At faster speeds, water splashes on the ignition
system and your vehicle can stall. Stalling can also
occur if you get the tailpipe under water. And,
as long as the tailpipe is under water, you
will never be able to start the engine. When you
go through water, remember that when the brakes
get wet, it may take you longer to stop.
354
See Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads on
page 356 for more information on driving
through water.
After Off-Road Driving
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on
the underbody, chassis, or under the hood.
These accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake
linings cleaned and checked. These substances
can cause glazing and uneven braking. Check the
body structure, steering, suspension, wheels,
tires, and exhaust system for damage. Also, check
the fuel lines and cooling system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service
due to off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule for additional information.
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to
be impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce the
•
•
•
•
glare from headlamps behind you.
Since you cannot see as well, you may need
to slow down and keep more space between
you and other vehicles.
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your vehicle’s headlamps can light up only so
much road ahead.
In remote areas, watch for animals.
If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe
place and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to see the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the
day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble
adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not
wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on
glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
355
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or
even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust
to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare,
as from a driver who does not lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps,
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into
the approaching headlamps.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Keep the windshield and all the glass on your
vehicle clean — inside and out. Glare at night is
made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even
the inside of the glass can build up a film caused
by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and
flash more than clean glass would, making the
pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that the headlamps light up far less of
a roadway when you are in a turn or curve.
Keep your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to
pick out dimly lighted objects. Just as the
headlamps should be checked regularly for proper
aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly.
Some drivers suffer from night blindness — the
inability to see in dim light — and are not even
aware of it.
356
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a
wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as
well because your tire-to-road traction is not as
good as on dry roads. And, if your tires do not have
much tread left, you will get even less traction. It is
always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain
starts to fall while you are driving. The surface may
get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for
driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even
if your windshield wiper blades are in good
shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see
road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings,
the edge of the road, and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer fluid
reservoir filled with washer fluid. Replace your
windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
streaking or missing areas on the windshield,
or when strips of rubber start to separate from the
inserts.
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They
may not work as well in a quick stop and
may cause pulling to one side. You could
lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of
water or a car wash, apply your brake
pedal lightly until your brakes work
normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or
even going through some car washes can cause
problems, too. The water may affect your
brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot, try
to slow down before you hit them.
357
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can
build up under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you are going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact
with the road.
Notice: If you drive too quickly through
deep puddles or standing water, water can
come in through your engine’s air intake and
badly damage your engine. Never drive through
water that is slightly lower than the underbody
of your vehicle. If you cannot avoid deep
puddles or standing water, drive through them
very slowly.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if
your tires do not have much tread or if the
pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a
lot of water is standing on the road. If you can
see reflections from trees, telephone poles,
or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down
when it is raining.
358
Driving Through Flowing Water
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Turn on your low-beam headlamps — not just
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water
crossing, your vehicle can be carried
away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If
this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise be
very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
your parking lamps — to help make you more
visible to others.
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra
following distance. And be especially
careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow
yourself more clear room ahead, and be
prepared to have your view restricted by
road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See
Tires on page 454.
359
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is
the amount of traffic on them. You will want
to watch out for what the other drivers are doing
and pay attention to traffic signals.
360
Here are ways to increase your safety in city
driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip
into an unknown part of the city just as you
would for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and
energy. See Freeway Driving on page 361.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A
traffic light is there because the corner is
busy enough to need it. When a light turns
green, and just before you start to move,
check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
Freeway Driving
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth
traffic flow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a
passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads
to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the
freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you
should begin to check traffic. Try to determine
where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to
merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors, and
glance over your shoulder as often as necessary.
Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed
to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it
is slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want
to pass.
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads. But
they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is:
Keep up with traffic and keep to the right.
Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers
are driving.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then
use your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly
over your shoulder to make sure there is not
another vehicle in your blind spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make
certain you allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
361
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your
exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
Of course, you will find experienced and able
service experts in GM dealerships all across North
America. They will be ready and willing to help
if you need it.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite
sharply. The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir
full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
checked all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses
clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough
for long-distance driving? Are the tires
all inflated to the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather
outlook along your route? Should you
delay your trip a short time to avoid a major
storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Reduce your speed according to your
speedometer, not to your sense of motion. After
driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may
tend to think you are going slower than you
actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If
you must start when you are not fresh — such
as after a day’s work — do not plan to make too
many miles that first part of the journey. Wear
comfortable clothing and shoes you can easily
drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it
needs service, have it done before starting out.
362
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as highway
hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the
wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road
with the same scenery, along with the hum of
the tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and
the rush of the wind against the vehicle that
can make you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you!
If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in
less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with
a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get
some exercise, or both. For safety, treat
drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First,
be aware that it can happen.
363
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that
can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. See
Off-Road Driving on page 339 for information
about driving off-road.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all
fluid levels and also the brakes, tires,
cooling system, and transmission. These parts
can work hard on mountain roads.
{CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from driving in flat or rolling terrain.
364
If you do not shift down, your brakes
could get so hot that they would not work
well. You would then have poor braking or
even none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let your engine assist
your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with
the ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes
will have to do all the work of slowing
down. They could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would then have
poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Always have your
engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
• Know how to go down hills. The most
important thing to know is this: let your engine
do some of the slowing down. Shift to a
lower gear when you go down a steep or
long hill.
down to a lower gear. The lower gears help
cool your engine and transmission, and
you can climb the hill better.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on
two-lane roads in hills or mountains. Do not
swing wide or cut across the center of
the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in
your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert.
There could be something in your lane, like a
stalled car or an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains
that warn of special problems. Examples
are long grades, passing or no-passing zones,
a falling rocks area, or winding roads. Be
alert to these and take appropriate action.
365
Winter Driving
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some
winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a
red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning
triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe
conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags to
help provide traction. Be sure you properly
secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where the tires
meet the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between the tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery
situation. You will have a lot less traction, or grip,
and will need to be very careful.
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency
supplies in your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 454.
366
Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile
traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels
will spin and polish the surface under the tires
even more.
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on.
But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get
wet ice when it is about freezing, 32°F (0°C), and
freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed,
blowing, or loose snow — drive with caution.
The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop
on a slippery road. Even though you have ABS,
you will want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement. See Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) on page 327.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that is covered with
ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches
may appear in shaded areas where the
sun cannot reach, such as around clumps of
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an
overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a
patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
367
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in
a serious situation. You should probably stay
with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you
are near help and you can hike through the
snow. Here are some things to do to summon
help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police
that you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you do not have blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to
keep warm.
368
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be
careful.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO
(carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO
could overcome you and kill you. You
cannot see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away
snow from around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is blocking
your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow
does not collect there.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This
saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a
little faster than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the
heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged.
You will need a well-charged battery to restart
the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with
your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start
the engine again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as
little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as
you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of
the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Open a window just a little on the side of
the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
369
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you
will need to spin the wheels, but you do not
want to spin your wheels too fast. The method
known as rocking can help you get out when you
are stuck, but you must use caution.
Notice: Spinning the wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you
spin the wheels too fast while shifting
the transmission back and forth, you can
destroy the transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 476.
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
{CAUTION:
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at high
speed, they can explode, and you or others
could be injured. And, the transmission or
other parts of the vehicle can overheat.
That could cause an engine compartment
fire or other damage. When you are stuck,
spin the wheels as little as possible. Do not
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as
shown on the speedometer.
370
First, turn the steering wheel left and right.
That will clear the area around the front wheels. If
your vehicle has the StabiliTrak® System, turn
the system off. See StabiliTrak® System on
page 330. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the
wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly
on the accelerator pedal when the transmission
is in gear.
By slowly spinning the wheels in the forward and
reverse directions, you will cause a rocking
motion that may free your vehicle. If that does not
get your vehicle out after a few tries, it may
need to be towed out. Or, you can use the
recovery hooks. If your vehicle does need to be
towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 378.
Recovery Hooks
{CAUTION:
These hooks, when used, are under a lot
of force. Always pull the vehicle straight
out. Never pull on the hooks at a
sideways angle. The hooks could break
off and you or others could be injured
from the chain or cable snapping back.
Notice: Never use recovery hooks to tow the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged
and it would not be covered by warranty.
Your vehicle has recovery hooks at the front of the
vehicle. You may need to use them if you are
stuck off-road and need to be pulled to some place
where you can continue driving.
371
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the
vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of
all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it was designed to carry, the Tire and
Loading Information label and the Certification/
Tire label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
372
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information
label is attached to the center pillar (B-pillar). With
the driver’s door open, you will find the label
attached below the door lock post (striker). The
tire and loading information label shows the
number of occupant seating positions (A), and the
maximum vehicle capacity weight (B) in kilograms
and pounds.
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows
the size of the original equipment tires (C) and
the recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D).
For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 454 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 460.
There is also important loading information on the
vehicle Certification/Tire label. It tells you the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and
the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for the
front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined
weight of occupants and cargo should never
exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your
vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver
and passengers that will be riding in your
vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver
and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
4. The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.
For example, if the “XXX” amount equals
1400 lbs and there will be five 150 lb
passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage
and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That
weight may not safely exceed the available
cargo and luggage load capacity calculated
in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load
from your trailer will be transferred to your
vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how
this reduces the available cargo and luggage
load capacity of your vehicle. See Towing
a Trailer on page 380 for important information
on towing a trailer, towing safety rules and
trailering tips.
373
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
374
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
Example 2
Total
Item
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
300 lbs (136 kg)
B
700 lbs (317 kg)
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
750 lbs (136 kg)
250 lbs (113 kg)
Certification/Tire Label
Example 3
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
capacity weight and seating positions. The
combined weight of the driver, passengers and
cargo should never exceed your vehicle’s capacity
weight.
A vehicle specific Certification/Tire label is
attached to the rear edge of the driver’s door. The
label shows the size of your vehicle’s original
tires and the inflation pressures needed to obtain
the gross weight capacity of your vehicle. This
is called Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all
occupants, fuel, and cargo.
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the
maximum weights for the front and rear axles,
called Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR).
375
To find out the actual loads on your front and rear
axles, you need to go to a weigh station and
weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you with
this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on
both sides of the center line.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
GAWR for either the front or rear axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should
spread it out.
{CAUTION:
In the case of a sudden stop or collision,
things carried in the bed of your truck
could shift forward and come into the
passenger area, injuring you and others. If
you put things in the bed of your truck,
you should make sure they are properly
secured.
376
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
Your warranty does not cover parts or components
that fail because of overloading.
The label will help you decide how much cargo
and installed equipment your truck can carry.
Using heavier suspension components to
get added durability might not change your weight
ratings. Ask your dealer to help you load your
vehicle the right way.
If you put things inside your vehicle — like
suitcases, tools, packages, or anything else — they
go as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop
or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they will
keep going.
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can
strike and injure people in a sudden stop
or turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo area of your
vehicle. Try to spread the weight
evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above the tops of
the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
There is also important loading information for
off-road driving in this manual. See “Loading Your
Vehicle for Off-Road Driving” under Off-Road
Driving on page 339.
Add-On Equipment
When you carry removable items, you may need
to put a limit on how many people you can
carry inside your vehicle. Be sure to weigh your
vehicle before you buy and install the new
equipment.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
Remember not to exceed the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) of the front or rear axle.
The Cargo Weight Rating (CWR) is the maximum
weight of the load your vehicle can carry. It
does not include the weight of the people inside.
But you can figure about 150 lbs (68 kg) for
each seat.
The total cargo load must not be more than your
vehicle’s CWR.
377
Automatic Level Control
Truck-Camper Loading Information
The automatic level control rear suspension
comes as a part of the Road Sensing Suspension.
See Road Sensing Suspension on page 329.
Your vehicle was neither designed nor intended
to carry a slide-in type camper.
This type of level control is fully automatic and will
provide a better leveled riding position as well
as better handling under a variety of passenger
and loading conditions. An air compressor
connected to the rear shocks will raise or lower
the rear of the vehicle to maintain proper vehicle
height. The system is activated when the
ignition key is turned to RUN and will automatically
adjust vehicle height thereafter. The system
may exhaust (lower vehicle height) for up to
10 minutes after the ignition key has been turned
to LOCK. You may hear the air compressor
operating when the height is being adjusted.
If a weight-distributing hitch is being used, it is
recommended to allow the shocks to inflate,
thereby leveling the vehicle prior to adjusting the
height. See “Weight Distributing Hitches and
Weight Carrying Hitches” under Towing a Trailer
on page 380.
378
Notice: Adding a slide-in camper or similar
equipment to your vehicle can damage it, and
the repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not install a slide-in camper or
similar equipment on your vehicle.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing
service if you need to have your disabled vehicle
towed. See Roadside Service on page 548.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another
vehicle for recreational purposes (such as behind
a motorhome), see Recreational Vehicle Towing
following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Autoride®
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle — such as behind
a motorhome. The two most common types of
recreational vehicle towing are known as “dinghy
towing” (towing your vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground) and “dolly towing” (towing
your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
The Autoride® feature provides improved vehicle
ride and handling under a variety of passenger and
loading conditions.
Dinghy Towing and Dolly Towing
All-Wheel Drive Vehicles
Notice: Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle with
all four wheels on the ground, or even with
only two of its wheels on the ground, will
damage drivetrain components. Do not tow an
all-wheel-drive vehicle if any of its wheels
will be on the ground.
The system is fully automatic and uses a computer
controller to continuously monitor vehicle speed,
wheel to body position, lift/dive and steering
position of the vehicle. The controller then sends
signals to each shock absorber to independently
adjust the damping level to provide the optimum
vehicle ride.
Autoride® also interacts with the tow/haul mode
that, when activated, will provide additional control
of the shock absorbers. This additional control
results in better ride and handling characteristics
when the vehicle is loaded or towing a trailer. See
“Tow/Haul Mode” under Towing a Trailer on
page 380 for more information.
Your vehicle is not designed to be towed with any
of the wheels on the ground. If your vehicle
must be towed, see Towing Your Vehicle on
page 378.
379
Towing a Trailer
Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See New
Vehicle Break-In on page 123 for more information.
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment
and drive properly, you can lose control
when you pull a trailer. For example, if the
trailer is too heavy, the brakes may not
work well — or even at all. You and your
passengers could be seriously injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all
the steps in this section. Ask your dealer
for advice and information about towing a
trailer with your vehicle.
380
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can
damage your vehicle and result in costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. To pull a
trailer correctly, follow the advice in this
part, and see your dealer for important
information about towing a trailer with your
vehicle.
To identify the trailering capacity of your vehicle,
you should read the information in “Weight of
the Trailer” that appears later in this section.
Trailering is different than just driving your vehicle
by itself. Trailering means changes in handling,
acceleration, braking, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety
rules. Many of these are important for your safety
and that of your passengers. So please read
this section carefully before you pull a trailer.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed
limit restrictions, having to do with trailering.
Make sure your rig will be legal, not only where
you live but also where you’ll be driving. A
good source for this information can be state
or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches”
later in this section.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first
500 miles (800 km) your new vehicle is driven.
Your engine, axle or other parts could be
damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that
you tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph
(80 km/h) and don’t make starts at full throttle.
This helps your engine and other parts of
your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.
• You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to
shift the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if
necessary, a lower gear selection if the
transmission shifts too often (e.g., under heavy
loads and/or hilly conditions). See “Tow/Haul
Mode” following.
Three important considerations have to do with
weight:
• the weight of the trailer
• the weight of the trailer tongue
• and the weight on your vehicle’s tires
Tow/Haul Mode
Tow/haul is designed to assist while your vehicle
is pulling a large or heavy load or trailer.
Tow/haul is most useful while pulling such a load
in rolling terrain, in stop-and-go traffic, or when
you need improved low-speed control, such
as when parking. The purpose of the tow/haul
mode is to do the following:
• Reduce the frequency and improve the
predictability of transmission shifts when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
• Provide the same solid shift feel when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load as when
the vehicle is unloaded.
• Improve control of vehicle speed while
requiring less throttle pedal activity when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
381
Tow/haul is designed to be most effective when
the vehicle and trailer combined weight is at least
75 percent of the vehicle’s Gross Combination
Weight Rating (GCWR). See “Weight of the
Trailer” later in this section.
A light on the instrument
panel will illuminate to
indicate that tow/haul
mode has been
selected.
The vehicle will automatically turn off tow/haul
every time it is started.
Press the button at the end of the shift lever to
enable/disable the tow/haul mode.
382
Operating the vehicle in tow/haul when lightly
loaded or with no trailer at all will not cause
damage. However, there is no benefit to the
selection of tow/haul when the vehicle is unloaded.
Such a selection when unloaded may result in
unpleasant engine and transmission driving
characteristics and reduced fuel economy.
Tow/haul is recommended only when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. It can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on
your vehicle, and the amount of tongue weight the
vehicle can carry. See “Weight of the Trailer
Tongue” later in this section for more information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming
only the driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all
the required trailering equipment.
The weight of additional optional equipment,
passengers and cargo in the tow vehicle must be
subtracted from the maximum trailer weight.
Use the following chart to determine how much
your vehicle can weigh, based upon your vehicle
model and options.
Notice: Using a fifth-wheel or goose-neck
hitch device on your vehicle could damage the
vehicle. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Do not use a fifth-wheel or
goose-neck hitch device on your vehicle.
Vehicle
Axle Ratio
Maximum Trailer Weight
*GCWR
AWD 6.2L
3.42
7,600 lbs (3 447 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
*The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) in the total allowable weight of the completely loaded vehicle and
trailer including any passengers, cargo, equipment and conversions. The GCWR for your vehicle should not be
exceeded.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering
information or advice, or you can write us at the
address listed in your Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information Booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
383
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total
or gross weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle
Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the
vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and
the people who will be riding in the vehicle. If you
have a lot of options, equipment, passengers
or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue
weight your vehicle can carry, which will also
reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must add the tongue
load to the GVW because your vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 372 for more information about
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent
to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B),
up to a maximum of 600 lbs (272 kg) with a weight
carrying hitch. The trailer tongue weight (A) should
be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B), up to the maximum of 1,000 lbs
(454 kg) with a weight distributing hitch.
Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue
weight for your vehicle. Choose the shortest hitch
extension that will position the hitch ball closest
to the vehicle. This will help reduce the effect
of trailer tongue weight on the rear axle.
384
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer
and then the tongue, separately, to see if the
weights are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able
to get them right simply by moving some items
around in the trailer.
Trailering may be limited by the vehicle’s ability to
carry tongue weight. Tongue weight cannot
cause the vehicle to exceed the GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) or the RGAWR (Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating). The effect of additional
weight may reduce your trailering capacity more
than the total of the additional weight.
Consider the following example:
A vehicle model base weight is 5,500 lbs
(2 495 kg); 2,800 lbs (1 270 kg) at the front axle
and 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg) at the rear axle. It
has a GVWR of 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg), a RGAWR
of 4,000 lbs (1 814 kg) and a GCWR (Gross
Combination Weight Rating) of 14,000 lbs
(6 350 kg).
The trailer rating should be:
You can expect tongue weight to be at least
10 percent of trailer weight (850 lbs (386 kg)) and
because the weight is applied well behind the rear
axle, the effect on the rear axle will be greater than
just the weight itself, as much as 1.5 times as much.
The weight at the rear axle could be 850 lbs
(386 kg) X 1.5 = 1,275 lbs (578 kg). Since the rear
axle already weighs 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg), adding
1,275 lbs (578 kg) brings the total to 3,975 lbs
(1 803 kg). This is very close to, but within the limit
for RGAWR as well. The vehicle is set to trailer up
to 8,500 lbs (3 856 kg).
But let’s say your specific vehicle is equipped with
some of the latest options and you have a front seat
passenger and two rear seat passengers with some
luggage and gear in the vehicle as well. You may
add 300 lbs (136 kg) to the front axle weight and
400 lbs (181 kg) to the rear axle weight.
385
Your vehicle now weighs:
It is important that you make sure your vehicle
does not exceed any of its ratings — GCWR,
GVWR, RGAWR, Maximum Trailer Rating
or Tongue Weight. The only way to be sure you
are not exceeding any of these ratings is to weigh
your vehicle and trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Weight is still below 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg) and you
may think that you should subtract 700 additional
pounds (318 kg) from your trailering capacity
to stay within GCWR limits. Your maximum trailer
would only be 7,800 lbs (3 538 kg). You may
go further and think you must limit tongue weight
to less than 1,000 lbs (454 kg) to avoid
exceeding GVWR. But, you must still consider the
effect on the rear axle. Because your rear axle
now weighs 3,100 lbs (1 406 kg), you can only put
900 lbs (408 kg) on the rear axle without
exceeding RGAWR. The effect of tongue weight is
about 1.5 times the actual weight. Dividing the
900 lbs (408 kg) by 1.5 leaves you with being
able to handle only 600 lbs (272 kg) of tongue
weight. Since tongue weight is usually at least
10 percent of total loaded trailer weight, you can
expect that the largest trailer your vehicle can
properly handle is 6,000 lbs (2 721 kg).
386
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
upper limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers
on the Certification label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 372. Then be sure you do not go over the
GVW limit for your vehicle, or the GAWR, including
the weight of the trailer tongue. If you use a
weight distributing hitch, make sure you don’t go
over the rear axle limit before you apply the weight
distribution spring bars.
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.
Weight-Distributing Hitches and Weight
Carrying Hitches
This equipment is very important for proper
vehicle loading and good handling when driving.
You should always use a sway control if your
trailer will weigh more than these limits. You can
ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your
vehicle and your trailer. Cross the safety chains
under the tongue of the trailer to help prevent the
tongue from contacting the road if it becomes
separated from the hitch. Always leave just enough
slack so you can turn with your rig. Never allow
safety chains to drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
(A) Body-to-Ground Distance (B) Front of Vehicle
When using a weight-distributing hitch, the hitch
must be adjusted so that the distance (A) remains
the same both before and after coupling the
trailer to the tow vehicle.
If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 5,000 lbs (2 270 kg) be sure
to use a properly mounted weight-distributing hitch
and sway control of the proper size.
If your trailer weighs more than 2,000 lbs (900 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes – and they
must be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be
able to install, adjust and maintain them properly.
Since your vehicle is equipped with StabiliTrak®,
your trailer brake system cannot tap into the
vehicle’s hydraulic brake system.
387
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of
experience. Before setting out for the open road,
you’ll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint
yourself with the feel of handling and braking with
the added weight of the trailer. And always
keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is
now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead
as you would when driving your vehicle without
a trailer. This can help you avoid situations
that require heavy braking and sudden turns.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer
moving and then apply the trailer brake controller
by hand to be sure the brakes are working.
This lets you check your electrical connection at
the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure
that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any
trailer brakes are still working.
388
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a
good deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can
return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one
hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left,
just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer
to the right, move your hand to the right. Always
back up slowly and, if possible, have someone
guide you.
Making Turns
Driving On Grades
Notice: Making very sharp turns while
trailering could cause the trailer to come in
contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns
while trailering.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before
you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you
don’t shift down, you might have to use your
brakes so much that they would get hot and no
longer work well.
You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift
the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary,
a lower gear selection if the transmission shifts too
often (e.g., under heavy loads and/or hilly
conditions).
You may also want to activate the tow/haul mode
if the transmission shifts too often. See “Tow/Haul
Mode” earlier.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill
grades, consider the following: Engine coolant at
or near sea level will boil at a lower temperature
than at higher altitudes. If you turn your engine off
immediately after towing at high altitude on
steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let
the engine run while parked (preferably on
level ground) with the automatic transmission in
PARK (P) for a few minutes before turning
the engine off. If you do get the overheat warning,
see Engine Overheating on page 422.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer
won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs,
trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden
maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
The arrows on your instrument panel will
flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also
flash, telling other drivers you’re about to
turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the
bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may
think drivers behind you are seeing your signal
when they are not. It’s important to check
occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still
working.
389
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle,
with a trailer attached, on a hill. If
something goes wrong, your rig could
start to move. People can be injured, and
both your vehicle and the trailer can be
damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,
here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release
the regular brakes until the chocks absorb
the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
390
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal
down while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the
chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when
you’re pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance
Schedule for more on this. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are
automatic transmission fluid (don’t overfill), engine
oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system and
brake system. Each of these is covered in this
manual, and the Index will help you find them
quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea
to review these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and
bolts are tight.
Trailer Wiring Harness
Heavy-Duty Trailer Wiring Package
•
•
•
•
White: Ground
Light Green: Back-up Lamps
Red w/ Black Stripe: Battery Feed*
Dark Blue: Trailer Brake*
*The fuses for these two circuits are installed in
the underhood electrical center, but the wires
are not connected. They should be connected by
your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Your vehicle is equipped with the seven-wire
trailer towing harness. This harness with a
seven-pin universal heavy-duty trailer connector is
attached to the rear bumper beam. It is located
next to the integrated trailer hitch.
If you are charging a remote (non-vehicle) battery,
press the tow/haul mode button located at the
end of the shift lever. This will boost the vehicle
system voltage and properly charge the battery.
The seven-wire harness contains the following
trailer circuits:
• Yellow: Left Stop/Turn Signal
• Dark Green: Right Stop/Turn Signal
• Brown: Taillamps
391
Electric Brake Control Wiring
Provisions
These wiring provisions are included with your
vehicle as part of the heavy-duty trailer wiring
package. These provisions are for an electric
brake controller. The red/black stripe power feed
will not be connected to the battery until the
ring terminal is unstowed and connected to the
underhood electrical center. The instrument panel
contains blunt cut wires near the data link
connector for the trailer brake controller. The
harness contains the following wires:
• Dark Blue: Auxiliary
• Red/Black: Battery
• Light Blue/White: Brake Switch
• White: Ground
It should be installed by your dealer or a qualified
service center.
392
Trailer Recommendations
You must subtract your hitch loads from the Cargo
Weight Rating (CWR). CWR is the maximum
weight of the load your vehicle can carry. It doesn’t
include the weight of the people inside, but you
can figure about 150 lbs. (68 kg) for each
seat. The total cargo load must not be more than
your vehicles CWR.
Weigh your vehicle with your trailer attached, so
that you won’t go over the GVWR or GAWR. If you
are using a weight-distributing hitch, weigh the
vehicle without the spring bars in place.
You’ll get the best performance if you spread out
the weight of your load the right way, and if
you choose the correct hitch and trailer brakes.
For more information see Towing a Trailer
on page 380.
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ........................................................ 396
Accessories and Modifications ................... 397
California Proposition 65 Warning .............. 397
Doing Your Own Service Work .................. 398
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .......................................... 399
Fuel ............................................................. 399
Gasoline Octane ........................................ 399
Gasoline Specifications .............................. 399
California Fuel ........................................... 400
Additives ................................................... 400
Fuels in Foreign Countries ........................ 401
Filling the Tank ......................................... 402
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ............... 404
Checking Things Under the Hood .............. 404
Hood Release ........................................... 405
Engine Compartment Overview .................. 406
Engine Oil ................................................. 407
Engine Oil Life System .............................. 410
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ............................ 412
Automatic Transmission Fluid .................... 415
Engine Coolant .......................................... 419
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............ 422
Engine Overheating ................................... 422
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ..................................... 425
Cooling System ......................................... 426
Engine Fan Noise ..................................... 431
Power Steering Fluid ................................. 431
Windshield Washer Fluid ........................... 432
Brakes ...................................................... 433
Battery ...................................................... 437
Jump Starting ............................................ 438
All-Wheel Drive ........................................... 443
Rear Axle .................................................... 444
Front Axle ................................................... 446
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 447
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 450
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ..... 450
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Sidemarker,
Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps .............. 450
License Plate Lamp ................................... 452
Replacement Bulbs ................................... 452
393
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ....... 453
Tires ............................................................ 454
Tire Sidewall Labeling ............................... 455
Tire Terminology and Definitions ............... 457
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................. 460
High-Speed Operation ............................... 462
Tire Pressure Monitor System ................... 462
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...................... 467
When It Is Time for New Tires .................. 469
Buying New Tires ...................................... 470
Different Size Tires and Wheels ................ 472
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..................... 473
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ............ 474
Wheel Replacement .................................. 474
Tire Chains ............................................... 476
If a Tire Goes Flat .................................... 476
Changing a Flat Tire ................................. 477
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .......... 478
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire ....................................... 482
Secondary Latch System ........................... 489
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...... 492
Spare Tire ................................................. 495
394
Appearance Care ........................................ 496
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .......... 496
Fabric/Carpet ............................................. 498
Leather ...................................................... 499
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ..................................... 499
Wood Panels ............................................. 500
Speaker Covers ........................................ 500
Care of Safety Belts .................................. 500
Weatherstrips ............................................ 501
Washing Your Vehicle ............................... 501
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ................ 502
Finish Care ............................................... 502
Windshield and Wiper Blades .................... 503
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ......... 504
Tires ......................................................... 505
Sheet Metal Damage ................................. 505
Finish Damage .......................................... 505
Underbody Maintenance ............................ 506
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................ 506
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............ 507
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Vehicle Identification .................................. 508
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ........... 508
Service Parts Identification Label ............... 508
Electrical System ........................................ 509
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..................... 509
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................ 509
Power Windows and Other Power
Options .................................................. 509
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ....................... 509
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ..................... 510
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block ......... 512
Underhood Fuse Block .............................. 513
Capacities and Specifications .................... 518
395
Service
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you will go
to your dealer for all your service needs. You will
get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and
supported service people.
396
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle
all GM. Genuine GM parts have one of these
marks:
Accessories and Modifications
California Proposition 65 Warning
When you add non-GM accessories to your vehicle
they can affect your vehicle’s performance and
safety, including such things as, airbags, braking,
stability, ride and handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and electronic systems
like anti-lock brakes, traction control and
stability control. Some of these accessories may
even cause malfunction or damage not covered by
warranty.
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain
and/or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Engine exhaust, many parts and
systems (including some inside the vehicle), many
fluids, and some component wear by-products
contain and/or emit these chemicals.
GM Accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on your vehicle.
Your GM dealer can accessorize your vehicle
using genuine GM Accessories. When you go to
your GM dealer and ask for GM Accessories,
you will know that GM-trained and supported
service technicians will perform the work using
genuine GM Accessories.
397
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could
be damaged if you try to do service work
on a vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement
parts, and tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts,
and other fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
398
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you will want to use the proper service manual.
It tells you much more about how to service your
vehicle than this manual can. To order the
proper service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 562.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to do your own service work, see
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 84.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date of any service
work you perform. See Maintenance Record
on page 537.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your
vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may
cause wind noise and affect windshield washer
performance. Check with your dealer before
adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part
of the proper maintenance of your vehicle. To
help keep your engine clean and maintain optimum
vehicle performance, GM recommends the use
of gasoline advertised as TOP TIER Detergent
Gasoline.
Gasoline Octane
Use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted
octane rating of 91 or higher. You may also
use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane
or higher, but your vehicle’s acceleration may
be slightly reduced, and you may notice a slight
audible knocking noise, commonly referred to
as spark knock. If the octane is less than 87, you
may notice a heavy knocking noise when you
drive. If this occurs, use a gasoline rated at
87 octane or higher as soon as possible.
Otherwise, you might damage your engine. If you
are using gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher
and you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service.
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should meet ASTM
specification D 4814 in the United States or
CAN/CGSB-3.5 in Canada. Some gasolines may
contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT). General Motors recommends against the
use of gasolines containing MMT. See Additives
on page 400 for additional information.
399
California Fuel
Additives
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
Emissions Standards, it is designed to operate on
fuels that meet California specifications. See
the underhood emission control label. If this fuel is
not available in states adopting California
emissions standards, your vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp may turn on and your vehicle may
fail a smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 236. If this occurs, return to
your authorized GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is
determined that the condition is caused by the type
of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United
States are now required to contain additives
that will help prevent engine and fuel system
deposits from forming, allowing your emission
control system to work properly. In most cases,
you should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
To help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean,
or if your vehicle experiences problems due to
dirty injectors or valves, look for gasoline that is
advertised as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline. Also,
your GM dealer has additives that will help
correct and prevent most deposit-related problems.
400
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as
ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines
may be available in your area. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels
containing more than 10% ethanol must not be
used in vehicles that were not designed for those
fuels.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Do not use
fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal
parts in your fuel system and also damage
the plastic and rubber parts. That damage
would not be covered under your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you
buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT.
General Motors recommends against the use of
such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
the life of spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer
for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside
the United States or Canada, the proper fuel may
be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or
any other fuel not recommended in the previous
text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel would not be covered by your
warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business
in the country where you will be driving.
401
Filling the Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire
can cause bad injuries. To help avoid
injuries to you and others, read and follow
all the instructions on the pump island.
Turn off your engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are near
fuel or refueling your vehicle. Keep
sparks, flames, and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel
pump unattended when refueling your
vehicle. This is against the law in some
places. Keep children away from the fuel
pump; never let children pump fuel.
402
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a hinged
fuel door on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly
counterclockwise. It will require more effort to turn
the fuel cap on the last turn as you loosen it.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel
can spray out on you if you open the fuel
cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely
in hot weather. Open the fuel cap slowly
and wait for any hiss noise to stop. Then
unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill
the tank and wait a few seconds after you have
finished pumping before removing the nozzle.
Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon as
possible. See Washing Your Vehicle on page 501.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it clockwise until
it clicks. It will require more effort to turn the
fuel cap on the last turn as you tighten it. Make
sure the cap is fully installed. The diagnostic
system can determine if the fuel cap has been left
off or improperly installed. This would allow fuel
to evaporate into the atmosphere. See Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 236.
The TIGHTEN GAS CAP message will be
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC) if
the fuel cap is not properly installed. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 248 for more
information.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do
not remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of
fuel by shutting off the pump or by
notifying the station attendant. Leave the
area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to
get the right type. Your dealer can get one
for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not
fit properly. This may cause your malfunction
indicator lamp to light and may damage
your fuel tank and emissions system. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 236.
403
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while
it is in your vehicle. Static electricity
discharge from the container can ignite the
gasoline vapor. You can be badly burned
and your vehicle damaged if this occurs.
To help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup
bed, or on any surface other than the
ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before
operating the nozzle. Contact should
be maintained until the filling is
complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
404
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine
parts and start a fire. These include
liquids like fuel, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and
plastic or rubber. You or others could be
burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood do the following:
1. Pull the handle with
this symbol on it. It
is located inside
the vehicle to
the lower left of the
steering wheel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and locate
the secondary hood release, near the center
of the grille.
3. Push the secondary hood release to the right.
4. Lift the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler
caps are on properly. Then bring the hood from
full open to within 6 inches (152 mm) from
the closed position, pause, then push the front
center of the hood with a swift, firm motion
to fully close the hood.
405
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 6.2L engine here is what you will see:
406
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 412.
B. Air Filter Restriction Indicator (If Equipped).
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 412.
C. Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Cooling System on page 426 and Coolant
Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 422.
D. Remote Positive (+) Terminal. See Jump
Starting on page 438.
E. Battery. See Battery on page 437.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine
Oil” under Engine Oil on page 407.
G. Automatic Transmission Dipstick (Out of View).
See “Checking the Fluid Level” under
Automatic Transmission Fluid on page 415.
H. Remote Negative (−) Terminal (GND) (Out of
View). See Jump Starting on page 438.
I. Engine Oil Dipstick (Out of View). See
“Checking Engine Oil” under Engine Oil on
page 407.
J. Engine Cooling Fan (Out of View). See Cooling
System on page 426.
K. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir (Out of View).
See Power Steering Fluid on page 431.
L. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See “Brake
Fluid” under Brakes on page 433.
M. Underhood Fuse Block. See Underhood Fuse
Block on page 513.
N. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 432.
Engine Oil
If the ENGINE OIL LOW ADD OIL message
appears on the Driver Information Center (DIC), it
means you need to check your engine oil level
right away. For more information, see ENGINE OIL
LOW ADD OIL under DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 248.
You should check your engine oil level regularly;
this is an added reminder.
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every
time you get fuel. In order to get an accurate
reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle must
be on level ground.
407
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 406
for the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several
minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If you
do not do this, the oil dipstick might not
show the actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper
towel or cloth, then push it back in all the
way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down,
and check the level.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If the engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above
the cross-hatched area that shows the
proper operating range, the engine could be
damaged.
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 406 for the
location of the engine oil
fill cap.
When to Add Engine Oil
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating range. Push
the dipstick all the way back in when you are
through.
If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at the tip
of the dipstick, you will need to add at least one
quart/liter of oil. But you must use the right
kind. This section explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities
and Specifications on page 518.
408
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.
Oils meeting these
requirements should
also have the starburst
symbol on the
container. This symbol
indicates that the oil
has been certified by the
American Petroleum
Institute (API).
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting
GM Standard GM6094M. You should look for
and use only an oil that meets GM Standard
GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle.
You should look for this information on the oil
container, and use only those oils that are identified
as meeting GM Standard GM6094M and have the
starburst symbol on the front of the oil container.
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as
meeting GM Standard GM6094M and showing
the American Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol. Failure to
use the recommended oil can result in engine
damage not covered by your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements
for your vehicle.
409
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will
provide easier cold starting and better protection
for your engine at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended
oils with the starburst symbol that meet GM
Standard GM6094M are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you
know when to change the engine oil and filter.
This is based on engine revolutions and engine
temperature, and not on mileage. Based on driving
conditions, the mileage at which an oil change
will be indicated can vary considerably. For the oil
life system to work properly, you must reset the
system every time the oil is changed.
410
When the system has calculated that oil life has
been diminished, it will indicate that an oil change
is necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message will come on. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 248. Change your oil as
soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the oil life system may
not indicate that an oil change is necessary for
over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset. Your dealer
has GM-trained service people who will perform
this work using genuine GM parts and reset
the system. It is also important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
since your last oil change. Remember to reset the
oil life system whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when to
change your engine oil and filter based on vehicle
use. Anytime your oil is changed, reset the
system so it can calculate when the next oil
change is required. If a situation occurs where you
change your oil prior to a CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON message being turned on, reset the
system.
Always reset the engine oil life to 100% after
every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset
the Engine Oil Life System, do the following:
1. Display the OIL LIFE REMAINING on the DIC.
2. Press and hold the SET/RESET button on
the DIC for more than five seconds. The oil
life will change to 100%.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes back on when you start your vehicle, the
Engine Oil Life System has not reset. Repeat
the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that
may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer. Do not let used oil stay on
your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails
with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner.
Wash or properly dispose of clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil
products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by
putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of
used oil, ask your dealer, a service station, or a
local recycling center for help.
411
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 406 for the
location of the engine air
cleaner/filter and the
air filter restriction
indicator, if the vehicle
has one.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
If your vehicle has an air filter restriction indicator,
it lets you know when the engine air cleaner/filter
needs to be replaced. On vehicles with a restriction
indicator, you should inspect the air filter
restriction indicator at every oil change and
replace the engine air cleaner/filter when the
indicator tells you to.
On vehicles without an air filter restriction indicator,
inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace it at the first oil change
after each 50,000 mile (83 000 km) interval. See
Scheduled Maintenance on page 523 for more
information. If you are driving in dusty/dirty
conditions, inspect the filter at each engine oil
change.
412
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Vehicles With an Air Filter Restriction
Indicator
Replacing the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
and Resetting the Air Filter Restriction
Indicator
Locate the air filter restriction indicator on the
engine air cleaner/filter cover. When the indicator
turns black or is in the red/orange “change”
zone, replace the filter and reset the indicator. See
the steps following to replace the engine air
cleaner/filter and to reset the air filter restriction
indicator.
Vehicles Without an Air Filter Restriction
Indicator
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the engine
air cleaner/filter from the vehicle by following
Steps 1 through 6. When you have the engine air
cleaner/filter removed, lightly shake it to release
loose dust and dirt. If the engine air cleaner/filter
remains caked with dirt, a new filter is required.
1. Locate the air cleaner/filter assembly. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 406.
2. Loosen the four screws on the cover of the
housing and lift up the cover.
413
6. Reinstall the cover and tighten the screws.
7. Reset the air filter restriction indicator, if
the vehicle has one, by pressing the top button
on the indicator.
{CAUTION:
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter from the
housing. Care should be taken to dislodge as
little dirt as possible.
4. Clean the engine air cleaner/filter sealing
surfaces and the housing.
5. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
414
Operating the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off can cause you or others
to be burned. The air cleaner not only
cleans the air; it helps to stop flames if
the engine backfires. If it is not there and
the engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transmission Fluid
It is usually not necessary to check the
transmission fluid level. A transmission fluid leak is
the only reason for fluid loss. If you suspect a
small leak, then use the following checking
procedures to check the fluid level. However, if
there is a large leak, then it may be necessary to
have the vehicle towed to a dealership service
department and have it repaired before driving the
vehicle further.
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic
transmission fluid may damage your vehicle,
and the damages may not be covered by
your warranty. Always use the automatic
transmission fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 533.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in
the Maintenance Schedule. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 523. Be sure to use the
transmission fluid listed in Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 533.
How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can
damage your transmission. Too much can
mean that some of the fluid could come out
and fall on hot engine parts or exhaust system
parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid could
cause the transmission to overheat. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transmission fluid.
Before checking the fluid level, prepare your
vehicle as follows:
1. Start the engine and park your vehicle on a
level surface. Keep the engine running.
2. Apply the parking brake and place the shift
lever in PARK (P).
3. With your foot on the brake pedal, move the
shift lever through each gear range, pausing
for about three seconds in each range.
Then, move the shift lever back to PARK (P).
4. Allow the engine to idle (500 – 800 rpm) for at
least one minute. Slowly release the brake
pedal.
415
5. Keep the engine running and press the
Trip/Fuel button until TRANS TEMP
(Transmission Temperature) displays on the
Driver Information Center (DIC).
6. Using the TRANS TEMP reading, determine
and perform the appropriate check procedure.
If the TRANS TEMP reading is not within
the required temperature ranges, allow
the vehicle to cool, or operate the vehicle until
the appropriate transmission fluid temperature
is reached.
Cold Check Procedure
Use this procedure only as a reference to
determine if the transmission has enough fluid to
be operated safely until a hot check procedure
can be made. The hot check procedure is the most
accurate method to check the fluid level. Perform
the hot check procedure at the first opportunity.
Use this cold check procedure to check fluid level
when the transmission temperature is between
80°F and 90°F (27°C and 32°C).
1. Locate the transmission dipstick at the rear of
the engine compartment, on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
416
The dipstick handle has
this graphic. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 406 for
more information.
2. Flip the handle up, and then pull out the
dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it back in all the
way, wait three seconds, and then pull it back
out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. Repeat the check procedure to
verify the reading.
Hot Check Procedure
Use this procedure to check the transmission fluid
level when the transmission fluid temperature is
between 160°F and 200°F (71°C and 93°C).
5. If the fluid level is below the COLD check
band, add only enough fluid as necessary
to bring the level into the COLD band. It does
not take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5L). Do not overfill.
6. Perform a hot check at the first opportunity
after the transmission reaches a normal
operating temperature between 160°F to
200°F (71°C to 93°C).
7. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way, then
flip the handle down to lock the dipstick
in place.
The hot check is the most accurate method to
check the fluid level. The hot check should
be performed at the first opportunity in order to
verify the cold check. The fluid level rises as fluid
temperature increases, so it is important to
ensure the transmission temperature is within
range.
1. Locate the transmission dipstick at the rear of
the engine compartment, on the passenger’s
side of the vehicle.
The dipstick handle has
this graphic. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 406 for
more information.
417
2. Flip the handle up, and then pull out the
dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it back in all the
way, wait three seconds, and then pull it back
out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. Repeat the check procedure to
verify the reading.
5. Safe operating level is within the HOT
crosshatch band on the dipstick. If the
fluid level is not within the HOT band, and the
transmission temperature is between 160°F
and 200°F (71°C and 93°C), add or drain fluid
as necessary to bring the level into the
HOT band. If the fluid level is low, add only
enough fluid to bring the level into the
HOT band. It does not take much fluid,
generally less than one pint (0.5L). Do not
overfill.
6. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way, then
flip the handle down to lock the dipstick
in place.
418
Consistency of Readings
Always check the fluid level at least twice using
the procedures described. Consistency (repeatable
readings) is important to maintaining proper fluid
level. If fluid is added, it may take 15 minutes
or longer to obtain an accurate reading because of
residual fluid draining down the dipstick tube.
If inconsistent readings persist, check the
transmission breather to be sure it is clean and
not clogged. If readings are still inconsistent,
contact your dealer.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is
designed to remain in your vehicle for five years or
150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever occurs
first, if you add only DEX-COOL® extended
life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and
how to add coolant when it is low. If you have
a problem with engine overheating, see Engine
Overheating on page 422.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to −34°F
(−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core,
or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at
the first maintenance service after each
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
419
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water
and one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will
not damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant
mixture, you do not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
420
Notice: If you use an improper coolant
mixture, your engine could overheat and be
badly damaged. The repair cost would not be
covered by your warranty. Too much water
in the mixture can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a
year, have your dealer check your cooling
system.
Notice: If you use extra inhibitors and/or
additives in your vehicle’s cooling system, you
could damage your vehicle. Use only the
proper mixture of the engine coolant listed in
this manual for the cooling system. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 533 for more information.
Checking Coolant
Adding Coolant
The coolant surge tank is located in the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 406 for more information on location.
If you need more coolant, add the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture at the surge tank,
but only when the engine is cool.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when
the engine and radiator are hot can allow
steam and scalding liquids to blow out
and burn you badly. Never turn the surge
tank pressure cap — even a little — when
the engine and radiator are hot.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight and fully seated.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When
your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
the FULL COLD mark.
421
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Engine Overheating
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly
installed, coolant loss and possible engine
damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly
and tightly secured.
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage on page 235.
The coolant surge tank pressure cap must be fully
installed on the coolant surge tank. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 406 for more
information on location.
422
In addition, you will find an ENGINE
OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE, ENGINE
OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE, and an ENGINE
POWER IS REDUCED message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) on the instrument panel.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 248.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can
burn you badly, even if you just open the
hood. Stay away from the engine if you
see or hear steam coming from it. Turn it
off and get everyone away from the
vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant
before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when the vehicles
engine is overheated, the liquids in it can
catch fire. You or others could be badly
burned. Stop your engine if it overheats,
and get out of the vehicle until the engine
is cool.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 425 for
information on driving to a safe place in
an emergency.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle
can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. See
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode
on page 425 for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
(Continued)
423
If No Steam Is Coming From
Your Engine
The ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE or
the ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
message, along with a low coolant condition, can
indicate a serious problem.
If you get an engine overheat warning, but see or
hear no steam, the problem may not be too
serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too
hot when you:
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
• Stop after high-speed driving.
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
• Tow a trailer. See Towing a Trailer on
page 380.
424
If you get the ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP
ENGINE or the ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE
ENGINE message with no sign of steam, try this
for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner and it is on, turn
it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest
fan speed and open the windows as
necessary.
3. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in
NEUTRAL (N) while stopped. If it is safe to do
so, pull off the road, shift to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for
about 10 minutes. If the warning does not come
back on, you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle immediately.
If there is still no sign of steam and your vehicle is
equipped with an engine-driven cooling fan,
push down the accelerator until the engine speed
is about twice as fast as normal idle speed for
at least five minutes while you are parked.
If there is still no sign of steam and your vehicle is
equipped with an electric cooling fan, idle the
engine for five minutes while you are parked.
If you still have the warning, turn off the engine
and get everyone out of the vehicle until it
cools down. Also, see “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” later in this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get
service help right away.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the
REDUCED ENGINE POWER message is
displayed, an overheat protection mode which
alternates firing groups of cylinders helps prevent
engine damage. In this mode, you will notice a
loss in power and engine performance. This
operating mode allows your vehicle to be driven to
a safe place in an emergency. Driving extended
miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine
damage, allow the engine to cool before
attempting any repair. The engine oil will be
severely degraded. Repair the cause of coolant
loss, change the oil and reset the oil life
system. See Engine Oil on page 407.
425
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is
what you will see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the
hood can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
The vehicle should be parked on a level surface.
Check the coolant level after the system cools
down. Some amount of coolant may be lost due to
overheating.
A. Coolant Surge Tank
B. Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
C. Engine Cooling Fan
426
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
engine parts, can be very hot. Do not
touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak.
If you run the engine, it could lose all
coolant. That could cause an engine fire,
and you could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
The coolant level should be at or above the FULL
COLD mark. If it is not, you may have a leak at the
pressure cap or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses,
radiator, water pump, or somewhere else in the
cooling system.
Notice: Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant is not covered by your
warranty. See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 425 for information on
driving to a safe place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
427
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see
if coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant
is visible but the coolant level is not at or above the
FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of
clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant at
the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure
cap, is cool before you do it. See Engine
Coolant on page 419 for more information.
428
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add
coolant as follows:
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling system can blow out and burn
you badly. They are under pressure, and if
you turn the radiator pressure cap — even
a little — they can come out at high
speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling
system and radiator pressure cap to cool
if you ever have to turn the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and
crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts. Use the recommended coolant and
the proper coolant mixture.
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap
when the cooling
system, including
the coolant
surge tank pressure
cap and upper
radiator hose, is no
longer hot.
Remove the coolant surge tank pressure
cap by slowly turning the pressure cap
counterclockwise about one full turn. If you
hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
429
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the FULL COLD mark.
430
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can
feel the upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch
out for the engine cooling fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the level is
lower, add more of the proper mixture to the
coolant surge tank until the level reaches
the FULL COLD mark.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
6. Verify coolant level after engine is shut off
and the coolant is cold. If necessary, repeat
coolant fill procedure Steps 1 through 6.
Power Steering Fluid
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 406 for
reservoir location.
Engine Fan Noise
Your vehicle has electric cooling fans, you may
hear the fans spinning at low speed during
most everyday driving. The fans may turn off if no
cooling is required. Under heavy vehicle loading,
trailer towing, and/or high outside temperatures, or
if you are operating your air conditioning system,
the fans may change to high speed and you
may hear an increase in fan noise. This is normal
and indicates that the cooling system is
functioning properly. The fans will change to low
speed when additional cooling is no longer
required.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the
system or you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in
this system could indicate a problem. Have the
system inspected and repaired.
431
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
To check the power steering fluid, do the following:
1. Turn the key off and let the engine
compartment cool down.
What to Use
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir
clean.
3. Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a
clean rag.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
5. Remove the cap again and look at the
fluid level on the dipstick.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring
the level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 533.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the
proper fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses
and seals.
432
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure
to read the manufacturer’s instructions before
use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area
where the temperature may fall below freezing,
use a fluid that has sufficient protection against
freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
Your vehicle has a low washer fluid message that
comes on when the washer fluid is low. The
message is displayed for 15 seconds at the start
of each ignition cycle. When the WASHER
FLUID LOW ADD FLUID message is displayed,
you will need to add washer fluid to the windshield
washer fluid reservoir.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid
until the tank is full. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 406
for reservoir location.
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean as well
as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if it
is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master
cylinder reservoir is
filled with DOT-3 brake
fluid. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 406 for the
location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid
level in the reservoir might go down. The first
is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When
new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back
up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of
the brake system. If it is, you should have your
brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes will not work well, or
will not work at all.
433
So, it is not a good idea to top off your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you
add fluid when your linings are worn, then you will
have too much fluid when you get new brake
linings. You should add or remove brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on the
brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can
spill on the engine. The fluid will burn if
the engine is hot enough. You or others
could be burned, and your vehicle could
be damaged. Add brake fluid only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic
system. See “Checking Brake Fluid” in
this section.
When the brake fluid falls to a low level, the brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 232.
434
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
when to check your brake fluid. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 523.
Checking Brake Fluid
You can check the brake fluid without taking off
the cap.
Look at the brake fluid
reservoir. The fluid level
should be above
MIN. If it is not, have
your brake system
checked to see if there
is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above the MIN but not
over the MAX mark.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3
brake fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 533.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This
will help keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or
they may not even work at all. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper
brake fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a
few drops of mineral-based oil, such
as engine oil, in your brake system can
damage brake system parts so badly that
they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can
be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it
off immediately. See Washing Your Vehicle
on page 501.
435
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the
brake pads are worn and new pads are needed.
The sound may come and go or be heard all
the time your vehicle is moving, except when you
are pushing on the brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a
brake squeal when the brakes are first applied
or lightly applied. This does not mean something
is wrong with your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque
specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as
complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out
brake pads could result in costly brake repair.
436
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return
to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase
in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. Your vehicle was designed and tested
with top-quality GM brake parts. When you replace
parts of your braking system — for example,
when your brake linings wear down and you need
new ones put in — be sure you get new
approved GM replacement parts. If you do not,
your brakes may no longer work properly.
For example, if someone puts in brake linings that
are wrong for your vehicle, the balance between
your front and rear brakes can change — for
the worse. The braking performance you have
come to expect can change in many other ways if
someone puts in the wrong replacement brake
parts.
Battery
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
Vehicle Storage
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for
25 days or more, remove the black, negative (−)
cable from the battery. This will help keep
your battery from running down.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly
hurt if you are not careful. See Jump
Starting on page 438 for tips on working
around a battery without getting hurt.
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery.
When it is time for a new battery, get one that has
the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
replacement battery. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 406 for battery location.
437
Jump Starting
If your vehicle’s battery (or batteries) has run
down, you may want to use another vehicle and
some jumper cables to start your vehicle. Be sure
to use the following steps to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly,
some or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in
costly damage to your vehicle that would
not be covered by your warranty.
438
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or
pulling it will not work, and it could damage
your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a
12-volt battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a
12-volt system with a negative ground,
both vehicles can be damaged. Only use
vehicles with 12-volt systems with negative
grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper
cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are
not touching each other. If they are, it could
cause a ground connection you do not
want. You would not be able to start your
vehicle, and the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling,
set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start procedure. Put
the automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a
manual transmission in NEUTRAL before
setting the parking brake. If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure the transfer
case is in a drive gear, not in NEUTRAL.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other
accessories on during the jump starting
procedure, they could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Always turn off your radio and other
accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles.
Unplug unnecessary accessories plugged into
the cigarette lighter or the accessory power
outlets. Turn off the radio and all the
lamps that are not needed. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. And it
could save the radio!
4. Open the hood on the other vehicle and
locate the positive (+) and negative (−)
terminal locations on that vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump
starting terminal and a remote negative (−)
jump starting terminal. You should always use
these remote terminals instead of the
terminals on the battery.
The remote positive (+) terminal, if equipped,
is located under a red plastic cover at the
positive battery post. To uncover the remote
positive (+) terminal, open the red plastic
cover.
The remote negative (−) terminal is a stud located
on the right front of the engine, where the
negative battery cable attaches.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 406
for more information on the location of the remote
positive (+) and remote negative (−) terminals.
439
{CAUTION:
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You do not need to add water to the
battery installed in your new vehicle. But
if a battery has filler caps, be sure the
right amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that first. If you
do not, explosive gas could be present.
{CAUTION:
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you. Do not get it on you. If you
accidentally get it in your eyes or on your
skin, flush the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
Using a match near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you need more
light.
CAUTION:
440
(Continued)
(Continued)
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can
injure you badly. Keep your hands away
from moving parts once the engine is
running.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have
loose or missing insulation. If they do, you
could get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+)
will go to positive (+) or to a remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle has one. Negative (−)
will go to a heavy, unpainted metal engine part
or to a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or
you will get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too. And do
not connect the negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to
the positive (+)
terminal of
the vehicle with the
dead battery.
Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle
has one.
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to
the negative (−) terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until
the next step. The other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead battery. It
goes to a heavy, unpainted metal engine part
or to the remote negative (−) terminal on
the vehicle with the dead battery.
441
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−)
cable to the remote negative (−) terminal,
on the vehicle with the dead battery.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery
and run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead
battery. If it will not start after a few tries, it
probably needs service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical
shorting may occur and damage the vehicle.
The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Always connect and remove
the jumper cables in the correct order, making
sure that the cables do not touch each other
or other metal.
442
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or
Remote Negative (−) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and
Remote Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
vehicles do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle that had the bad battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover,
if equipped, to its original position.
All-Wheel Drive
Transfer Case
If your vehicle is equipped with All-Wheel Drive,
be sure to perform the lubricant checks described
in this section. There are two additional systems
that need lubrication.
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
how often to check the lubricant. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 523.
443
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the transfer case, you’ll need to
add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant to
raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Use care not to overtighten the plug.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 533.
Rear Axle
When to Check Lubricant
(A) Drain Plug (B) Filler Plug
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
444
It is not necessary to regularly check rear axle
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear
an unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a
problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
All axle assemblies are filled by volume of fluid
during production. They are not filled to reach
a certain level. When checking the fluid level on
any axle, variations in the readings can be caused
by factory fill differences between the minimum
and the maximum fluid volume. Also, if a vehicle
has just been driven before checking the fluid
level, it may appear lower than normal because
fluid has traveled out along the axle tubes and has
not drained back to the sump area. Therefore, a
reading taken five minutes after the vehicle
has been driven will appear to have a lower fluid
level than a vehicle that has been stationary
for an hour or two. Remember that the rear axle
assembly must be supported to get a true reading.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
The proper level is from 0.04 inch to 0.75 inch
(1.0 mm to 19.0 mm) below the bottom of the filler
plug hole, located on the rear axle. Add only
enough fluid to reach the proper level.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 533.
445
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check front axle
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear
an unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a
problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the front axle, you may need
to add some lubricant:
• When the differential is cold, add enough
lubricant to raise the level from 0 (0 mm)
to 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) below the filler plug hole.
• When the differential is at operating
temperature (warm), add enough lubricant to
raise the level to the bottom of the filler
plug hole.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 533.
A: Fill Plug
446
B: Drain Plug
Headlamp Aiming
• The vehicle should be placed so it is
The vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system. The aim of the headlamps have been
preset at the factory and should need no further
adjustment.
•
However, if the vehicle is damaged in an accident,
the aim of the headlamps may be affected and
adjustment may be necessary.
If oncoming vehicles flash their high beams at
you, this may mean the vertical aim of your
headlamps needs to be adjusted.
It is recommended that the vehicle is taken to your
dealer for service if the headlamps need to be
adjusted. It is possible however, to re-aim
the headlamps as described in the following
procedure.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as
follows:
• The vehicle should be placed so the
headlamps are 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light
colored wall or other flat surface.
• The vehicle must have all four tires on a level
surface which is level all the way to the wall
or other flat surface.
•
•
•
•
perpendicular to the wall or other flat surface.
The vehicle should not have any snow, ice, or
mud on it.
The vehicle should be fully assembled and all
other work stopped while headlamp aiming is
being performed.
The vehicle should be normally loaded with a
full tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs
(75 kg) sitting on the driver’s seat.
Tires should be properly inflated.
The spare tire is in its proper location in the
vehicle.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle’s
low-beam headlamps. The high-beam headlamps
will be correctly aimed if the low-beam headlamps
are aimed properly.
447
To adjust the vertical aim, do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on
page 405 for more information.
2. Locate the center of
the projector lens of
the low-beam
headlamp.
4. At the wall measure from the ground
upward (A) to the recorded distance
from Step 3 and mark it.
3. Measure the distance from the ground to the
center of the projector lens of the low-beam
headlamp. Record the distance.
448
5. Draw or tape a horizontal line (B) on the wall
the width of the vehicle at the height of the
mark in Step 4.
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp to improve
beam cut-off when aiming. Covering a
headlamp may cause excessive heat build-up
which may cause damage to the headlamp.
6. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a
piece of cardboard or equivalent in front of the
headlamp not being adjusted. This allows
only the beam of light from the headlamp
being adjusted to be seen on the flat surface.
7. Locate the vertical headlamp aiming screws,
which are under the hood near each headlamp
assembly.
The adjustment screw can be turned with a E8
Torx® socket.
8. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the
headlamp beam is aimed to the horizontal
tape line. Turn it clockwise or
counterclockwise to raise or lower the angle
of the beam.
9. Make sure that the light from the headlamp is
positioned at the bottom edge of the horizontal
tape line. The lamp on the left (A) shows
the correct headlamp aim. The lamp on the
right (B) shows the incorrect headlamp aim.
10. Repeat Steps 7 through 9 for the opposite
headlamp.
449
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulbs, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 452.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
High Intensity Discharge (HID)
Lighting
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Sidemarker,
Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
A. Stoplamp/Turn
Signal/Taillamp
B. Stoplamp/Turn
Signal/Taillamp
C. Back-up Lamp
D. Sidemarker Lamp
{CAUTION:
The low beam high intensity discharge
lighting system operates at a very high
voltage. If you try to service any of the
system components, you could be
seriously injured. Have your dealer or a
qualified technician service them.
Your vehicle has HID headlamps. After your
vehicle’s HID headlamp bulb has been replaced,
you may notice that the beam is a slightly different
shade than it was originally. This is normal.
450
1. Open the tailgate. See Tailgate on page 114
for more information.
2. Remove the two
screws from the
taillamp assembly.
4. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to
remove it from the taillamp assembly.
5. Pull the bulb straight out from the socket.
6. Press a new bulb into the socket, insert it into
the taillamp assembly and turn the bulb
socket clockwise until it clicks.
7. Reinstall the taillamp assembly and tighten
the screws.
3. Pull the taillamp assembly straight back to
remove.
451
License Plate Lamp
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Reach under the rear bumper for the bulb
socket.
3. Pull the old bulb from the bulb socket,
keeping the bulb straight as you pull it out.
4. Install the new bulb.
5. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the
bulb socket.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Bulb Number
Back-up Lamp
7441
License Plate Lamp
168
Sidemarker Lamp
194
Stoplamp/Taillamp/Turn Signal Lamp
3057
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact
your dealer.
2. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and
pull the bulb socket out of the connector.
452
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for
wear or cracking. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 523.
Replacement blades come in different types and
are removed in different ways. To replace the
wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm connector away
from the windshield.
3. Install the new blade onto the arm connector
and make sure the grooved areas are fully set
in the locked position.
For the proper type and size, see Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 535.
2. Squeeze the grooved areas on each side of
the blade, and rotate the blade assembly
away from the arm connector.
453
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires
made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever
have questions about your tire warranty and where
to obtain service, see your GM Warranty booklet
for details. For additional information refer to
the tire manufacturer’s booklet included with your
vehicle.
{CAUTION:
• Poorly maintained and improperly
used tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and
a serious accident. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 372.
CAUTION:
454
(Continued)
(Continued)
• Underinflated tires pose the same
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause serious
injury. Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended pressure.
Tire pressure should be checked when
your tires are cold. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 460.
• Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured, or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a
pothole. Keep tires at the
recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or if
your tires have been damaged,
replace them.
See High-Speed Operation on page 462 for
inflation pressure adjustment for high
speed driving.
22-Inch Tires
If your vehicle has the optional 22-inch
P285/45R22 size tires, they are classified as
touring tires and are designed for on-road use. The
low-profile, wide tread design is not recommended
for off-road driving. See Off-Road Driving on
page 339, for additional information.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into the
sidewall. The following illustration is an example
of a typical P-Metric tire sidewall.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type, and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
455
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load
Limit: Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that
load. For information on recommended tire
pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 460
and Loading Your Vehicle on page 372.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
Tire Size
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows
the manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one
side may have the date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number
of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction, and
temperature resistance. For more information, see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 473.
456
The following examples show the different parts of
a tire size.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United
States version of a metric tire sizing system. The
letter P as the first character in the tire size
means a passenger vehicle tire engineered to
standards set by the U.S. Tire and Rim
Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates
the tire section width in millimeters from sidewall
to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that
indicates the tire height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size aspect ratio is
75, as shown in item C of the light truck
(LT-Metric) tire illustration, it would mean that the
tire’s sidewall is 75% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire.
The letter R means radial ply construction;
the letter D means diagonal or bias ply
construction; and the letter B means belted-bias
ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in
inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a
tire. The load index can range from 1 to 279.
Speed ratings range from A to Z.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire
pressing outward on each square inch of the
tire. Air pressure is expressed in pounds
per square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined
weight of optional accessories. Some examples of
optional accessories are, automatic
transmission/transaxle, power steering, power
brakes, power windows, power seats, and
air conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height
to its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is
located between the plies and the tread. Cords
may be made from steel or other reinforcing
materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies
are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees
to the centerline of the tread.
457
Cold Tire Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch
(psi) or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up
heat from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 460.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward
when mounted on a vehicle.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil, and
coolant, but without passengers and cargo.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
light duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger
vehicles.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall
of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN),
an alphanumeric designator which can also identify
the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand,
and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 372.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
front axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 372.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
rear axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 372.
458
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying
capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated.
The maximum air pressure is molded onto
the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire
at the maximum permissible inflation pressure
for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity
weight, and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of
occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 372.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating
positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that
faces outward when mounted on a vehicle.
The side of the tire that contains a whitewall, bears
white lettering, or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that is higher
or deeper than the same moldings on the other
sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation
pressure as shown on the tire placard. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 460 and Loading
Your Vehicle on page 372.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the
ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at
90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which
the tire beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread
and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned
to a tire indicating the maximum speed at
which a tire can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the
road surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into
contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called wear bars, that show across the tread of
a tire when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread
remains. See When It Is Time for New Tires on
page 469.
459
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Standards): A tire information system that
provides consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform
Tire Quality Grading on page 473.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of
designated seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs
(68 kg) plus the rated cargo load. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 372.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to
a vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity weight
and the original equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure. See “Tire and
Loading Information Label” under Loading
Your Vehicle on page 372.
460
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to
operate effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under-inflation), you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road hazards
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the vehicle’s center pillar (B-pillar), below the
driver’s door lock post (striker). This label lists your
vehicle’s original equipment tires and their
recommended cold tire inflation pressures. The
recommended cold tire inflation pressure,
shown on the label, is the minimum amount of air
pressure needed to support your vehicle’s
maximum load carrying capacity.
For additional information regarding how much
weight your vehicle can carry, and an example of
the tire and loading information label, see
Loading Your Vehicle on page 372.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Do not
forget to check the spare tire. For additional
information regarding the spare tire, see Spare
Tire on page 495.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are
properly inflated simply by looking at them. Radial
tires may look properly inflated even when
they’re underinflated. Check the tire’s inflation
pressure when the tires are cold. Cold means your
vehicle has been sitting for at least three hours
or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to
get a pressure measurement. If the cold tire
inflation pressure matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and Loading Information
label, no further adjustment is necessary. If the
inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on
the metal stem in the center of the tire valve.
Recheck the tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
461
High-Speed Operation
{CAUTION:
Driving at high speeds, 100 mph (160
km/h) or higher, puts an additional strain
on tires. Sustained high-speed driving
causes excessive heat build up and can
cause sudden tire failure. You could have
a crash and you or others could be killed.
Some high-speed rated tires require
inflation pressure adjustment for high
speed operation. When speed limits and
road conditions are such that a vehicle
can be driven at high speeds, make sure
the tires are rated for high speed
operation, in excellent condition, and set
to the correct cold tire inflation pressure
for the vehicle load.
If your vehicle has P265/65R18 or P285/45R22
size tires and you will be driving at high speeds,
speeds of 100 mph (160 km/h) or higher, set
the cold inflation pressure to 3 psi (20 kPa) above
the recommended tire pressure shown on the
Tire and Loading Information Label. When you end
this high-speed driving, return the tires to the
cold inflation pressure shown on the Tire
and Loading Information label. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 372 and Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 460.
Tire Pressure Monitor System
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) uses
radio and sensor technology to check tire pressure
levels. If your vehicle has this feature, sensors
are mounted on each tire and wheel assembly,
except the spare tire. The TPMS sensors monitor
the air pressure in your vehicle’s tires and
transmit tire pressure readings to a receiver
located in the vehicle.
The TPMS is designed to alert the driver, if a low
tire pressure condition exists. If your vehicle has the
Driver Information Center (DIC), the driver may also
check tire pressure levels using the DIC.
462
When a low tire pressure condition is detected, the
TPMS will illuminate the low tire pressure warning
symbol located on the instrument panel cluster.
If your vehicle has the DIC feature, a message to
check the pressure in a specific tire will also appear
on the DIC display. The low tire pressure warning
symbol on the instrument panel cluster and the
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning message on
the DIC display will appear at each ignition cycle
until the tires are inflated to the correct inflation
pressure. For additional information and details
about the DIC operation and displays see DIC
Operation and Displays on page 243 and DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 248.
You may notice, during cooler weather conditions,
that the tire pressure monitor light, located on
the instrument panel cluster, and the CHECK TIRE
PRESSURE message will appear when the
vehicle is first started and then turn off as you
start to drive the vehicle. This could be an early
indicator that the tire pressures are getting low and
need to be inflated to the proper pressure.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should
be checked monthly when cold and inflated to
the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle
manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire
inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of
a different size than the size indicated on the
vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you
should determine the proper tire inflation
pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety
feature, your vehicle
has been equipped with
a tire pressure
monitoring system
(TPMS) that illuminates
a low tire pressure
telltale when one
or more of your tires is
significantly
under-inflated.
463
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale
illuminates, you should stop and check your tires
as soon as possible, and inflate them to the
proper pressure. Driving on a significantly
under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and
can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may
affect the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute
for proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure,
even if under-inflation has not reached the level to
trigger illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure
telltale.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly. The TPMS
malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire
pressure telltale. When the system detects a
malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately
one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the
malfunction exists.
464
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the
system may not be able to detect or signal low
tire pressure as intended. TPMS malfunctions may
occur for a variety of reasons, including the
installation of replacement or alternate tires or
wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. Always check the TPMS
malfunction telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow
the TPMS to continue to function properly.
The CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning message
and low tire pressure light (telltale) will come
on each time the vehicle is started until the tires
are inflated to the correct inflation pressure.
The Tire and Loading Information label (tire
information placard) shows the size of your
vehicle’s original tires and the correct inflation
pressure for your vehicle’s tires when they
are cold. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 460. For the location of the tire and loading
information label, see Loading Your Vehicle
on page 372.
Your vehicle’s TPMS can alert you about a low
tire pressure condition but it does not replace
normal tire maintenance. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 467 and Tires on page 454.
Notice: Do not use a tire sealant if your
vehicle has Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid
sealant can damage the tire pressure monitor
sensors.
Resetting the TPMS Identification Codes
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification
code. Any time you rotate your vehicle’s tires or
replace one or more of the TPMS sensors,
the identification codes will need to be matched to
the new tire/wheel position. The sensors are
matched to the tire/wheel positions in the following
order: driver’s side front tire, passengers side
front tire, passengers side rear tire, and driver’s
side rear tire using a TPMS diagnostic tool.
See your GM dealer for service.
The TPMS sensors may also be matched to each
tire/wheel position by increasing or decreasing
the tire’s air pressure. If increasing the tire’s
air pressure, do not exceed the maximum inflation
pressure indicated on the tire’s sidewall.
You will have two minutes to match the first
tire/wheel position, and five minutes overall to
match all four tire/wheel positions. If it takes longer
than two minutes, to match the first tire and
wheel, or more than five minutes to match all four
tire and wheel positions the matching process
stops and you will need to start over.
The TPMS sensor matching process is outlined
below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to RUN with the
engine off.
3. Using the DIC, press the vehicle information
button until the PRESS V TO RELEARN
TIRE POSITIONS message displays.
4. Press the set/reset button. The horn will
sound twice to indicate the TPMS receiver
is ready, and the TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
message will display.
5. Start with the driver’s side front tire.
465
6. Remove the valve cap from the valve cap
stem. Activate the TPMS sensor by
increasing or decreasing the tire’s air pressure
for five seconds, or until a horn chirp
sounds. The horn chirp, which make take up
to 30 seconds to sound, confirms that the
sensor identification code has been matched
to this tire and wheel position. To decrease
air-pressure out of a tire you can use the
pointed end of the valve cap, a pencil-style air
pressure gage, or a key.
7. Proceed to the passenger’s side front tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
8. Proceed to the passenger’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
9. Proceed to the driver’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
466
10. After hearing the confirming horn chirp for the
driver’s side rear tire, the horn chirp will sound
two more times to signal the tire learning
mode is no longer active. Turn the ignition
switch to LOCK.
11. Set all four tires to the recommended air
pressure level as indicated on the Tire
and Loading Information label.
12. Put the valve caps back on the valve stems
The spare tire does not have a TPMS sensor.
If you replace one of the road tires with the spare,
the SERVICE TIRE MONITOR message will be
displayed on the DIC screen. This message should
go off once you re-install the road tire containing
the TPMS sensor.
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) and Industry and Science
Canada
Tire Inspection and Rotation
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies with
Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your
tires as soon as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels.
See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 469
and Wheel Replacement on page 474 for
more information.
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies with
RSS-210 of Industry and Science Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Make sure the spare tire is stored securely. Push,
pull, and then try to rotate or turn the tire. If it
moves, use the ratchet/wheel wrench to tighten the
cable. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 477.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The
first rotation is the most important. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 523.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
467
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 518.
{CAUTION:
When rotating your vehicle’s tires, always use the
correct rotation pattern shown here.
Do not include the spare tire in the tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the
front and rear inflation pressures as shown on the
tire and loading information label. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 372 and Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 460, for more information.
Vehicles that have the Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) will need to have the TPMS
sensors reset after a tire rotation. See “TPMS
Sensor Identification Codes” under Tire Pressure
Monitor System on page 462.
468
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel
could come off and cause an accident.
When you change a wheel, remove any
rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency,
you can use a cloth or a paper towel to do
this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if needed, to get all the rust or
dirt off. See Changing a Flat Tire on
page 477.
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it
is time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining. Some
commercial truck tires
may not have treadwear
indicators.
You need a new tire if any of the following
statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more
places around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through
the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or
snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage
that cannot be repaired well because of the
size or location of the damage.
469
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched specific tires for
your vehicle. The original equipment tires
installed on your vehicle, when it was new, were
designed to meet General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria Specification (TPC spec)
system rating. If you need replacement tires, GM
strongly recommends that you get tires with
the same TPC Spec rating. This way, your vehicle
will continue to have tires that are designed to
give the same performance and vehicle safety,
during normal use, as the original tires.
GM’s exclusive TPC Spec system considers over
a dozen critical specifications that impact the
overall performance of your vehicle, including
brake system performance, ride and handling,
traction control, and tire pressure monitoring
performance. GM’s TPC Spec number is molded
onto the tire’s sidewall by the tire manufacturer.
If the tires have an all-season tread design,
the TPC spec number will be followed by an MS
for mud and snow. See Tire Sidewall Labeling
on page 455 for additional information.
470
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
control while driving. If you mix tires of
different sizes, brands, or types (radial
and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a
crash. Using tires of different sizes,
brands or types may also cause damage
to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size, brand, and type tires on all wheels.
Your vehicle may have a different size
spare than the road tires (those originally
installed on your vehicle). When new, your
vehicle included a spare tire and wheel
assembly with a similar overall diameter
as your vehicle’s road tires and wheels,
so it is all right to drive on it. Because
this spare was developed for use on your
vehicle, it will not affect vehicle handling.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle,
the wheel rim flanges could develop
cracks after many miles of driving. A tire
and/or wheel could fail suddenly, causing
a crash. Use only radial-ply tires with the
wheels on your vehicle.
If you must replace your vehicle’s tires with those
that do not have a TPC Spec number, make
sure they are the same size, load range, speed
rating, and construction type (radial and
bias-belted tires) as your vehicle’s original tires.
Vehicles that have a tire pressure monitoring
system may give an inaccurate low-pressure
warning if non-TPC spec rated tires are installed
on your vehicle. Non-TPC Spec rated tires
may give a low-pressure warning that is higher or
lower than the proper warning level you would
get with TPC Spec rated tires. See Tire Pressure
Monitor System on page 462.
Your vehicle’s original equipment tires are listed
on the Tire and Loading Information Label.
This label is attached to the vehicle’s center pillar
(B-pillar). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 372,
for more information about the Tire and Loading
Information Label and its location on your vehicle.
471
Different Size Tires and Wheels
If you add wheels or tires that are a different size
than your original equipment wheels and tires,
this may affect the way your vehicle performs,
including its braking, ride and handling
characteristics, stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic
systems such as, anti-lock brakes, traction control,
and electronic stability control, the performance
of these systems can be affected.
{CAUTION:
If you add different sized wheels, your
vehicle may not provide an acceptable
level of performance and safety if tires not
recommended for those wheels are
selected. You may increase the chance
that you will crash and suffer serious
injury. Only use GM specific wheel and
tire systems developed for your vehicle,
and have them properly installed by a GM
certified technician.
See Buying New Tires on page 470 and
Accessories and Modifications on page 397 for
additional information.
472
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on
the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating
based on the wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire
graded 150 would wear one and a half (1.5) times
as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from
the norm due to variations in driving habits, service
practices, and differences in road characteristics
and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), which
grades tires by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States. The grades are
molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car
tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver, or temporary use
spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of
10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors
passenger cars and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they must also conform
to federal safety requirements and additional
General Motors Tire Performance Criteria (TPC)
standards.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are
AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified
government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire
is based on straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
473
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B,
and C, representing the tire’s resistance to
the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate
heat when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under
the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels
of performance on the laboratory test wheel
than the minimum required by law.
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the factory to give you
the longest tire life and best overall performance.
Adjustments to wheel alignment and tire
balancing will not be necessary on a regular basis.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your
vehicle pulling to one side or the other, the
alignment may need to be checked. If you notice
your vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth
road, your tires and wheels may need to be
rebalanced. See your dealer for proper diagnosis.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly
rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air,
replace it (except some aluminum wheels,
which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Wheel Replacement
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
474
Each new wheel should have the same
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset and
be mounted the same way as the one it
replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel
bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them only with
new GM original equipment parts. This way, you
will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle
can be dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your vehicle,
make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in
which you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer or odometer calibration,
headlamp aim, bumper height, vehicle ground
clearance, and tire or tire chain clearance
to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 477 for more
information.
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You cannot know how it has
been used or how far it has been driven. It
could fail suddenly and cause a crash. If
you have to replace a wheel, use a new
GM original equipment wheel.
475
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
Do not use tire chains. There is not
enough clearance. Tire chains used on a
vehicle without the proper amount of
clearance can cause damage to the
brakes, suspension, or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire
chains could cause you to lose control of
your vehicle and you or others may be
injured in a crash. Use another type of
traction device only if its manufacturer
recommends it for use on your vehicle
and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to
your vehicle, drive slowly, re-adjust or
remove the device if it is contacting your
vehicle, and do not spin your wheels. If
you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the rear tires.
476
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are
driving, especially if you maintain your vehicle’s
tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it is
much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you
should ever have a blowout, here are a few tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag
that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your
foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane
position, and then gently brake to a stop well out
of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a skid and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear blowout
remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get
the vehicle under control by steering the way
you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy
and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake
to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous
without the appropriate safety equipment
and training. The jack provided with your
vehicle is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything else, you
or others could be badly injured or killed
if the vehicle slips off the jack. Use the
jack provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over
or fall on you or other people. You and
they could be badly injured or even killed.
Find a level place to change your tire. To
help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use
the jacking equipment to change a flat tire
safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel
damage by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on
your vehicle’s hazard warning flashers. See
Hazard Warning Flashers on page 194 for more
information.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in
the vehicle.
To be even more certain the vehicle will
not move, you should put blocks at the
front and rear of the tire farthest away
from the one being changed. That would
be the tire, on the other side, at the
opposite end of the vehicle.
477
When your vehicle has a flat tire, use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The jack and the wheel blocks are located
under a cover near the passenger side rear seat.
To remove the jack and wheel blocks, do the
following:
The following information will tell you next how to
use the jack and change a tire.
478
Rear Seat (Passenger Side) Jack Cover
1. Remove the jack cover by turning the two
wing nuts one-quarter turn counterclockwise
and pulling the jack cover off.
2. Release the jack (E) from the mounting
bracket (G) by turning the knob (B) on the jack
counterclockwise to lower the jack head (F)
from the mounting bracket.
3. Remove the wheel blocks (A) attached to the
jack (E) by turning the wing nut (C)
counterclockwise. Place the wheel blocks
where needed as indicated in previously in this
section.
The tools for changing a flat tire are located in the
passenger’s side top-box storage unit.
A.
B.
C.
D.
Wheel Blocks
Knob
Wing Nut
Retaining Hook
E. Jack
F. Jack Head
G. Mounting Bracket
To remove the tools, do the following:
1. Open the top door on the passenger’s side
top-box storage unit. Use the ignition/door
key to unlock it if it is locked. See Top-Box
Storage on page 186 for more information.
479
To access the spare tire, refer to the following
graphics and instructions:
Top-Box Storage Unit (Passenger’s Side)
2. Remove the black pouch from the storage box.
You now have all of the tools you will need to
lower the spare tire and change a flat.
A. Spare Tire
(Valve Stem
Pointed Down)
B. Hoist Assembly
C. Hoist Cable
D. Tire Retainer
E. Hoist Shaft
480
F. Hoist End of
Extension Tool
G. Hoist Shaft
Access Hole
H. Wheel Wrench
I. Jack Handle Extension
J. Spare Tire Lock
1. Open the hoist shaft access cover on the
bumper to access the spare tire lock (J).
2. Insert the ignition key, turn it clockwise and
then pull it to remove the spare tire lock.
3. Assemble the two jack handle extensions (I)
and wheel wrench (H) as shown.
4. Insert the open end
of the extension (F)
through the hole
in the rear
bumper (G) (hoist
shaft access hole).
Be sure the hoist end (F) of the extension
connects to the hoist shaft. The ribbed square
end of the extension is used to lower the
spare tire.
5. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire to the ground. Continue
to turn the wheel wrench until the spare
tire can be pulled out from under the vehicle.
If the spare tire does not lower to the
ground, the secondary latch is engaged
causing the tire not to lower. See Secondary
Latch System on page 489 for more
information.
481
6. Use the wheel
wrench hook that
allows you to
pull the hoist cable
towards you, to
assist in reaching
the spare tire.
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
Use the following pictures and instructions to
remove the flat tire and raise the vehicle.
7. Tilt the tire retainer
at the end of the
cable when the tire
has been lowered,
so it can be
pulled up through
the wheel opening.
The tools you will be using include the jack (A),
the wheel blocks (B), the jack handle (C), the jack
handle extensions (D), and the wheel wrench (E).
8. Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
482
2. Use the wheel
wrench to loosen all
the wheel nuts. Turn
the wheel wrench
counterclockwise to
loosen the wheel
nuts. Do not remove
the wheel nuts yet.
1. If the wheel has a smooth center cap, place
the chisel end of the wheel wrench in the slot
on the wheel and gently pry it out.
483
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked
up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off
the jack you could be badly injured or
killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is
supported only by a jack.
Jacking Locations (Overall View)
A. Front Position
B. Rear Position
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned can damage the
vehicle and even make the vehicle fall. To
help avoid personal injury and vehicle
damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising the
vehicle.
3. Position the jack under the vehicle as shown.
484
Front Tire Flat: If the flat tire is on a front tire
of the vehicle, you will need to use the jack
handle (B) and only one jack handle
extension (C). Attach the wheel wrench (D) to
the jack handle extension (C). Attach the
jack handle (B) to the jack (A). Position the jack
on the frame behind the flat tire near the
front body mount (E) as shown. Turn the wheel
wrench (D) clockwise to raise the vehicle.
Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so
there is enough room for the spare tire to
clear the ground.
Front Position
485
Rear Tire Flat: If the flat tire is on a rear tire
of the vehicle, you will need to use the
jack handle (B) and both jack handle
extensions (C). Attach the wheel wrench (D) to
the jack handle extensions (C). Attach the
jack handle (B) to the jack (A). Use the jacking
pad provided on the rear axle. Turn the
wheel wrench (D) clockwise to raise the
vehicle. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so there is enough room for the spare
tire to clear the ground.
4. Remove all the
wheel nuts.
Rear Position
5. Take off the flat tire.
486
7. Install the spare tire.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts
to which it is fastened, can make the
wheel nuts become loose after a time. The
wheel could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In
an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
6. Remove any rust or
dirt from the wheel
bolts, mounting
surfaces, and spare
wheel.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could fall off, causing a
serious accident.
8. Put the wheel nuts back on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward the wheel after
mounting the spare tire.
9. Tighten each wheel nut by hand. Then use
the wheel wrench to tighten the wheel nuts
until the wheel is held against the hub.
10. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
lower the vehicle. Lower the jack completely.
487
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel
to come loose and even come off. This
could lead to an accident. Be sure to use
the correct wheel nuts. If you have to
replace them, be sure to get new GM
original equipment wheel nuts. Stop
somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 518
for wheel nut torque specification.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly
tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence
and to the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 518 for
the wheel nut torque specification.
488
11. Tighten the nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as
shown by turning
the wheel wrench
clockwise.
When you reinstall the full-size wheel and tire, you
must also reinstall the wheel cover with attached
plastic nuts, the plastic nut caps, or the smooth
center cap.
• If you are reinstalling a wheel cover with
attached plastic nuts, place it on the wheel and
tighten the nuts by hand to get them started.
Then tighten the nut caps with the wheel
wrench until they are snug. Do not overtighten
the nut caps or they may break.
• If you are reinstalling plastic nut caps, tighten
the nuts by hand to get them started. Then
tighten the nut caps with the wheel wrench
until they are snug. Do not overtighten the nut
caps or they may break.
• If you are reinstalling the smooth center cap,
place it on the wheel and tap it into place
until it seats flush with the wheel.
Secondary Latch System
Your vehicle has an underbody-mounted tire hoist
assembly equipped with a secondary latch
system. It is designed to stop the spare tire from
suddenly falling off your vehicle. For the secondary
latch to work, the spare must be installed with
the valve stem pointing down. See Storing a Flat
or Spare Tire and Tools on page 492.
{CAUTION:
Before beginning this procedure read all
the instructions. Failure to read and follow
the instructions could damage the hoist
assembly and you and others could get
hurt. Read and follow the instructions
listed next.
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch,
do the following:
1. Check under the
vehicle to see if the
cable end is
visible. If the cable
is not visible
proceed to Step 6.
2. If it is visible, first try to tighten the cable by
turning the wheel wrench clockwise until you
hear two clicks or feel it skip twice. You
cannot overtighten the cable.
3. Loosen the cable by turning the wrench
counterclockwise three or four turns.
4. Repeat this procedure at least two times.
If the spare tire lowers to the ground,
continue with Step 5 of Removing the Spare
Tire and Tools on page 478.
489
5. If the spare does not lower, turn the wrench
counterclockwise until approximately 6 inches
(15 cm) of cable is exposed.
6. Stand the wheel blocks on their shortest ends,
with the backs facing each other.
7. Place the bottom
edge of the jack (A)
on the wheel
blocks (B),
separating them so
that the jack is
balanced securely.
8. Attach the jack handle, extension, and wheel
wrench to the jack and place it (with the
wheel blocks) under the vehicle toward the
front of the rear bumper.
490
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack.
If the spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind
you or on either side of you as you pull
the jack out from under the spare.
9. Position the center lift point of the jack under
the center of the spare tire.
10. Turn the wrench clockwise to raise the jack
until it lifts the end fitting.
11. Continue raising the jack until the spare tire
stops moving upward and is held firmly in
place. The secondary latch has released and
the spare tire is balancing on the jack.
12. Lower the jack by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack
until the spare tire slides off the jack or
is hanging by the cable.
13. Disconnect the jack handle from the jack and
carefully remove the jack. Use one hand to
push against the spare while firmly pulling the
jack out from under the spare tire with the
other hand.
If the spare tire is hanging from the cable,
insert the hoist end of extension, and wheel
wrench into the hoist shaft hole in the bumper
and turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise
to lower the spare the rest of the way.
491
14. Tilt the tire retainer
at the end of the
cable and pull
it through the wheel
opening. Pull the
tire out from
under the vehicle.
15. Turn the wheel wrench in the hoist shaft hole
in the bumper clockwise to raise the cable
back up if the cable is hanging under
the vehicle.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as
you can. You will not be able to store a spare or
flat tire using the hoist assembly until it has
been replaced.
To continue changing the flat tire, see Removing
the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire on
page 482.
492
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and
Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment
in the passenger compartment of the
vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden
stop or collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all these in the
proper place.
Notice: Storing an aluminum wheel with a flat
tire under your vehicle for an extended
period of time or with the valve stem pointing
up may damage the wheel. Always stow
the wheel with the valve stem pointing down
and have the wheel/tire repaired as soon
as possible.
Store the tire under the rear of the vehicle in the
spare tire carrier. Refer to the following graphics
and instructions to help you:
A. Spare Tire/Flat
Tire (Valve Stem
Pointed Down)
B. Hoist Assembly
C. Hoist Cable
D. Tire Retainer
E. Hoist Shaft
F. Hoist End of
Extension Tool
G. Hoist Shaft
Access Hole
H. Wheel Wrench
I. Jack Handle Extension
J. Spare Tire Lock
1. Put the tire (A) on the ground at the rear of
the vehicle with the valve stem pointed
down, and to the rear.
2. Tilt the tire
retainer (D)
downward and
through the wheel
opening. Make
sure the retainer is
fully seated
across the underside
of the wheel.
3. Assemble the two jack handle extensions (I)
and wheel wrench (H) as shown.
493
4. Insert the open end
of the extension (F)
through the hole
in the rear
bumper (G) (hoist
shaft access hole).
5. Raise the tire part way upward. Make sure the
retainer is seated in the wheel opening.
6. Raise the tire fully against the underside of
the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise until you hear two clicks or feel it
skip twice. You cannot overtighten the cable.
7. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push,
pull (A), and then try to turn (B) the tire. If the
tire moves, use the wheel wrench to tighten
the cable.
8. Reinstall the spare tire lock.
9. Close the hoist shaft access cover.
494
To store the tools, follow these steps:
1. Return the tools to the tool bag and place it
back in the top-box storage unit.
2. Assemble the wheel blocks and jack together
with the wing nut by reversing Step 2 under
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools on
page 478.
3. Replace the jack cover and tighten the
jack-cover wing nuts.
Spare Tire
After installing the spare tire on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make
sure the spare is correctly inflated. Have the
damaged or flat road tire repaired or replaced as
soon as you can and installed back onto your
vehicle. This way, a spare tire will be available in
case you need it again.
Your vehicle may have a different size spare tire
than the road tires, those originally installed on your
vehicle. This spare tire was developed for use on
your vehicle, so it is all right to drive on it.
Your vehicle, when new, had a fully-inflated spare
tire. A spare tire may lose air over time, so check its
inflation pressure regularly. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 460 and Loading Your Vehicle on
page 372 for information regarding proper tire
inflation and loading your vehicle. For instruction on
how to remove, install, or store a spare tire, see
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire
on page 482 and Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and
Tools on page 492.
495
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Your vehicle’s interior will continue to look its
best if it is cleaned often. Although not always
visible, dust and dirt can accumulate on your
upholstery. Dirt can damage carpet, fabric, leather,
and plastic surfaces. Regular vacuuming is
recommended to remove particles from your
upholstery. It is important to keep your upholstery
from becoming and remaining heavily soiled.
Soils should be removed as quickly as possible.
Your vehicle’s interior may experience extremes of
heat that could cause stains to set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require more frequent
cleaning. Use care because newspapers and
garments that transfer color to your home
furnishings may also transfer color to your
vehicle’s interior.
496
When cleaning your vehicle’s interior, only use
cleaners specifically designed for the surfaces
being cleaned. Permanent damage may result
from using cleaners on surfaces for which
they were not intended. Use glass cleaner only on
glass. Remove any accidental over-spray from
other surfaces immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the cleaning cloth.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you
could scratch the glass and/or cause damage
to the rear window defogger. When cleaning
the glass on your vehicle, use only a soft cloth
and glass cleaner.
Many cleaners contain solvents that may become
concentrated in your vehicle’s breathing space.
Before using cleaners, read and adhere to
all safety instructions on the label. While cleaning
your vehicle’s interior, maintain adequate
ventilation by opening your vehicle’s doors and
windows.
Dust may be removed from small buttons and
knobs using a small brush with soft bristles.
Your GM dealer has a product for cleaning your
vehicle’s glass. Should it become necessary,
you can also obtain a product from your GM dealer
to remove odors from your vehicle’s upholstery.
Do not clean your vehicle using the following
cleaners or techniques:
• Never use a knife or any other sharp object to
remove a soil from any interior surface.
• Never use a stiff brush. It can cause damage
to your vehicle’s interior surfaces.
• Never apply heavy pressure or rub
aggressively with a cleaning cloth. Use of
heavy pressure can damage your interior and
does not improve the effectiveness of soil
removal.
• Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps. Avoid
laundry detergents or dishwashing soaps with
degreasers. Using too much soap will leave
a residue that leaves streaks and attracts dirt.
For liquid cleaners, about 20 drops per
gallon (3.78 L) of water is a good guide.
• Do not heavily saturate your upholstery while
cleaning.
• Damage to your vehicle’s interior may result
from the use of many organic solvents such
as naptha, alcohol, etc.
497
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush
attachment frequently to remove dust and loose
dirt. A canister vacuum with a beater bar in
the nozzle may only be used on floor carpet and
carpeted floor mats. For soils, always try to remove
them first with plain water or club soda. Before
cleaning, gently remove as much of the soil
as possible using one of the following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the remaining soil with a
paper towel. Allow the soil to absorb into the
paper towel until no more can be removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as much as possible
and then vacuum.
To clean, use the following instructions:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white cloth with
water or club soda.
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess moisture.
498
3. Start on the outside edge of the soil and
gently rub toward the center. Continue
cleaning, using a clean area of the cloth each
time it becomes soiled.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled area until the
cleaning cloth remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely removed, use a
mild soap solution and repeat the cleaning
process that was used with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a commercial fabric
cleaner or spot lifter may be necessary. When a
commercial upholstery cleaner or spot lifter is to be
used, test a small hidden area for colorfastness
first. If the locally cleaned area gives any
impression that a ring formation may result, clean
the entire surface.
After the cleaning process has been completed, a
paper towel can be used to blot excess moisture
from the fabric or carpet.
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a soft cloth dampened with a mild soap
solution can be used. Allow the leather to dry
naturally. Do not use heat to dry. Never use steam
to clean leather. Never use spot lifters or spot
removers on leather. Many commercial leather
cleaners and coatings that are sold to preserve
and protect leather may permanently change
the appearance and feel of your leather and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner. Never use
shoe polish on your leather.
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a clean soft cloth dampened with a
mild soap solution can be used to gently remove
dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters or removers
on plastic surfaces. Many commercial cleaners and
coatings that are sold to preserve and protect
soft plastic surfaces may permanently change the
appearance and feel of your interior and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner.
Some commercial products may increase gloss on
your instrument panel. The increase in gloss
may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
499
Wood Panels
Care of Safety Belts
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water
(use mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood
immediately with a clean cloth.
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that
the speaker will not be damaged. Clean spots with
just water and mild soap.
500
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you
do, it may severely weaken them. In a
crash, they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safety belts
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During
very cold, damp weather frequent application may
be required. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 533.
Washing Your Vehicle
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention, and durability.
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm
or cold water.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of the
sun. Use a car washing soap. Do not use
strong soaps or chemical detergents. Be sure to
rinse the vehicle well, removing all soap
residue completely. GM-approved cleaning
products can be obtained from your dealer. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 507.
Do not use cleaning agents that are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All
cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and
not allowed to dry on the surface, or they
could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to
enter the vehicle.
501
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and
a car washing soap to clean exterior lamps
and lenses. Follow instructions under Washing
Your Vehicle on page 501.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish may damage it. Use only non-abrasive
waxes and polishes that are made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish on your vehicle.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle
by hand may be necessary to remove residue from
the paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning
products from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/
Appearance Materials on page 507.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and
other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree
sap, bird droppings, chemicals from industrial
chimneys, etc., can damage your vehicle’s finish if
they remain on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle
as soon as possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive
cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces
to remove foreign matter.
If your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint
finish, the clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to
the colored basecoat. Always use waxes and
polishes that are non-abrasive and made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging,
weather and chemical fallout that can take their toll
over a period of years. You can help to keep
the paint finish looking new by keeping your
vehicle garaged or covered whenever possible.
Finish Care
502
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to
keep their luster. Washing with water is all
that is usually needed. However, you may use
chrome polish on chrome or stainless steel trim, if
necessary.
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters
when running, wax, sap, or other material may
be on the blade or windshield.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid
damaging protective trim, never use auto or
chrome polish, steam or caustic soap to clean
aluminum. A coating of wax, rubbed to high polish,
is recommended for all bright metal parts.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a glass
cleaning liquid or powder and water solution.
The windshield is clean if beads do not form when
it is rinsed with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper
blades and affect their performance. Clean
the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked
in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as
necessary; replace blades that look worn.
503
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
Your vehicle may have either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean
towel. A wax may then be applied.
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or
cleaners that contain acid on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels, you could damage the
surface of the wheel(s). The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Use
only GM-approved cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the
painted surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong
soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive
cleaners, cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning
brushes on them because you could damage
the surface. Do not use chrome polish on
aluminum wheels.
504
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum
wheels could damage the wheels. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Use chrome polish on chrome wheels only.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels,
but avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and
buff off immediately after application.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that has silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes, you could damage
the aluminum or chrome-plated wheels. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Never drive a vehicle equipped with aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels through an
automatic car wash that uses silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car
wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning
brushes. These brushes can also damage the
surface of these wheels.
Tires
Finish Damage
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire
cleaner.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in
the finish should be repaired right away. Bare
metal will corrode quickly and may develop into
major repair expense.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the
paint finish and/or tires. When applying a tire
dressing, always wipe off any overspray
from all painted surfaces on your vehicle.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with
touch-up materials available from your GM dealer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your GM dealer’s body and paint shop.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body
repair shop applies anti-corrosion material to parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will
provide the corrosion protection while maintaining
the warranty.
505
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and
dust control can collect on the underbody. If these
are not removed, corrosion and rust can develop
on the underbody parts such as fuel lines,
frame, floor pan, and exhaust system even though
they have corrosion protection.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can
create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces on the
vehicle. This damage can take two forms: blotchy,
ring-shaped discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint surface.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where
mud and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close
areas of the frame should be loosened before being
flushed. Your dealer or an underbody car washing
system can do this for you.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
506
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Description
Usage
Usage
Swirl Remover Polish
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches, and other light
surface contamination.
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Tar and Road
Oil Remover
Removes tar, road oil,
and asphalt.
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
Chrome Cleaner
and Polish
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Foaming Tire Shine Low
Gloss
Cleans, shines, and
protects in one step.
No wiping necessary.
White Sidewall
Tire Cleaner
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl.
Wash Wax Concentrate
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Spot Lifter
Quickly removes spots
and stains from carpets,
vinyl, and cloth
upholstery.
Finish Enhancer
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
and wipe off.
Odor Eliminator
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
507
Vehicle Identification
Engine Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
The eighth character in the VIN is the engine
code. This code will help you identify your vehicle’s
engine, specifications, and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle.
It appears on a plate in the front corner of the
instrument panel, on the driver’s side. You can see
it if you look through the windshield from outside
your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the
Certification/Tire and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
508
You will find this label on the inside of the glove
box. It is very helpful if you ever need to order
parts. On this label, you will find the following:
• VIN
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special equipment
Do not remove this label from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Do not add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer
first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage would not
be covered by your warranty. Some add-on
electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Add-on equipment can drain your vehicle’s battery,
even if your vehicle is not operating.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to add anything electrical to your
vehicle, see Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 84.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an
internal circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor
overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will
stop until the motor cools. If the overload is
caused by some electrical problem and not snow,
etc., be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and
other power accessories. If the current load is too
heavy, the circuit breaker opens and then
closes after a cool down period, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from short circuits by a combination of fuses,
circuit breakers and fusible thermal links.
This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by
electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse.
If the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new
one of the identical size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t
have a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the
same amperage. Just pick some feature of your
vehicle that you can get along without – like the
radio or cigarette lighter – and use its fuse, if it is the
correct amperage. Replace it as soon as you can.
509
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse block access door is
located on the driver’s outside edge of the
instrument panel.
510
Fuses
Usage
LT DR
Driver’s Side Power Window Circuit
Breaker
REAR SEAT
Not Used
AUX PWR2
Rear Cargo Area Power Outlets
SWC BKLT
Steering Wheel Controls Backlight
DDM
Driver Door Module
CTSY
Dome Lamps, Driver’s Side Turn
Signal
LT STOP TRN
Driver’s Side Turn Signal, Stoplamp
DIM
Instrument Panel Back Lighting
RT STOP TRN
Passenger’s Side Turn Signal,
Stoplamp
BCM
Body Control Module
UNLCK2
Power Door Lock 2 (Unlock Feature)
LCK2
Power Door Lock 2 (Lock Feature)
Fuses
Usage
STOP LAMPS
Stoplamps, Center-High Mounted
Stoplamp
REAR HVAC
Fuses
Usage
REAR WPR
Not Used
Not Used
COOLED
SEATS
Cooled Seats
PDM
Passenger Door Module, Universal
Home Remote System
DSM
Driver Seat Module, Remote
Keyless Entry System
AUX PWR
Accessory Power Outlets
IS LPS
Interior Lamps
UNLCK1
Power Door Lock 1 (Unlock Feature)
OBS DET
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist
LCK1
Power Door Lock 1 (Lock Feature)
Harness
Connector
LT DR
BODY
BODY
Usage
Driver’s Door Harness Connection
Harness Connector
Harness Connector
511
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The center instrument panel fuse block is
located underneath the instrument panel, to the
left of the steering column.
Top View
Harness
Connector
Usage
BODY 2
Body Harness Connector 2
BODY 1
Body Harness Connector 1
BODY 3
Body Harness Connector 3
HEADLINER 3
Headliner Harness Connector 3
HEADLINER 2
Headliner Harness Connector 2
HEADLINER 1
Headliner Harness Connector 1
BRAKE
CLUTCH
Brake Clutch Harness Connector
Equipment Option Upfitter
SEO/UPFITTER Special
Harness Connector
512
Circuit Breaker
Usage
CB1
Passenger’s Side Power Window
Circuit Breaker
CB2
Passenger’s Seat Circuit Breaker
CB3
Driver’s Seat Circuit Breaker
CB4
Not Used
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block is located in the engine
compartment, on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
To access the fuse/relay block, push in on the tabs
on the end of the fuse/relay block cover and lift.
To remove fuses, hold the end of the fuse between
your thumb and index finger and pull straight out.
513
Fuses
514
Usage
Fuses
Usage
1
Not Used
3
Left Trailer Stop/Turn Lamp
Electronic Stability Suspension
Control, Automatic Level Control
Exhaust
4
Engine Controls
2
Fuses
Usage
5
Engine Control Module, Throttle
Control
6
Right Trailer Stop/Turn Lamp
7
Front Washer
8
Oxygen Sensors
9
Fuses
Usage
19
Transmission Controls (Ignition)
20
Fuel Pump
21
Not Used
22
Rear Washer
Anti-lock Brakes System 2
23
Fuel Injectors, Ignition Coils
(Left Side)
10
Trailer Back-up Lamps
24
Trailer Park Lamps
11
Driver’s High Intensity
Discharge Lamp
25
Driver’s Side Park Lamps
26
Passenger’s Side Park Lamps
12
Engine Control Module (Battery)
27
Fog Lamps
13
Fuel Injectors, Ignition Coils
(Right Side)
28
Horn
14
Transmission Control Module
(Battery)
29
Passenger’s Side High-Beam
Headlamp Solenoid
15
Vehicle Back-up Lamps
30
Daytime Running Lamps
16
Passenger’s Side High Intensity
Discharge Lamp
31
Driver’s Side High-Beam Headlamp
Solenoid
17
Air Conditioning Compressor
32
Not Used
18
Oxygen Sensors
33
Sunroof
515
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
34
Key Ignition System, Theft Deterrent
System
46
Instrument Panel Cluster
47
Not Used
35
Windshield Wiper
48
Heated Steering Wheel
36
SEO B2 Upfitter Usage (Battery)
37
Electric Adjustable Pedals
49
Auxiliary Climate Control (Ignition),
Compass-Temperature Mirror
38
Climate Controls (Battery)
50
Rear Defogger
39
Airbag System (Ignition)
51
Airbag System (Battery)
40
Amplifier
52
SEO B1 Upfitter Usage (Battery)
41
Audio System
53
42
Not Used
Cigarette Lighter, Auxiliary Power
Outlet
54
43
Miscellaneous (Ignition), Rear Vision
Camera (If Equipped), Cooled
Seats, Cruise Control
Automatic Level Control Compressor
Relay, SEO Upfitter Usage
55
Climate Controls (Ignition)
56
Engine Control Module, Secondary
Fuel Pump (Ignition)
44
Liftgate Release
®
45
516
OnStar , Rear Seat Entertainment
Display
Usage
J-Case Fuses
Usage
Relays
Usage
60
Cooling Fan 1
FAN HI
Cooling Fan High Speed
61
Automatic Level Control Compressor
FAN LO
Cooling Fan Low Speed
62
Not Used
ENG EXH VLV
Not Used
63
Cooling Fan 2
FAN CNTRL
Cooling Fan Control
64
Anti-lock Brake System 1
HDLP LO/HID
Hi Intensity Discharge Headlamp
65
Starter
FOG LAMP
Front Fog Lamps
66
Stud 2 (Trailer Brakes)
A/C CMPRSR
Air Conditioning Compressor
67
Left Bussed Electrical Center 1
STRTR
Starter
68
Electric Running Boards
PWR/TRN
Powertrain
69
Heated Windshield Washer System
FUEL PMP
Fuel Pump
70
Not Used
PRK LAMP
Parking Lamps
71
Stud 1 (Trailer Connector Battery
Power)
REAR DEFOG
Rear Defogger
RUN/CRANK
Switched Power
72
Mid-Bussed Electrical Center 1
73
Climate Control Blower
74
Power Liftgate Module
75
Left Bussed Electrical Center 2
517
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 533 for more information.
Capacities
English
Metric
For the Air Conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
under the hood. Please see your dealer for more
information.
Cooling System
16.9 qt
16.0 L
Engine Oil with Filter
6.0 qt†
5.7 L†
Fuel Tank
31.5 gal
119.2 L
Transmission Fluid (Pan Removal and Filter Replacement)
6.0 qt
5.7 L
Transfer Case Fluid
1.5 qt
1.4 L
Wheel Nut Torque
140 lb ft
190 Y
† Oil filter should be changed at every oil change. After refill, the level must be rechecked.
Add enough engine coolant so that the fluid is within the proper operating range.
Application
Engine Specifications
Engine
6.2L V8
518
VIN Code
Transmission
8
Automatic
Spark Plug Gap
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 520
Introduction ............................................... 520
Maintenance Requirements ........................ 520
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 520
Using the Maintenance Schedule ............... 521
Scheduled Maintenance ............................. 523
Additional Required Services ..................... 525
Maintenance Footnotes .............................. 527
Owner Checks and Services ..................... 529
At Each Fuel Fill ....................................... 529
At Least Once a Month ............................. 530
At Least Once a Year ............................... 530
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ........ 533
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ... 535
Engine Drive Belt Routing ......................... 536
Maintenance Record .................................. 537
519
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level
and change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks,
inspections, replacement parts, and
recommended fluids and lubricants as
prescribed in this manual are necessary to
keep your vehicle in good working condition.
Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered by
warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The
Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet
or your dealer for details.
520
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
your vehicle in good working condition, but also
helps the environment. All recommended
maintenance is important. Improper vehicle
maintenance can even affect the quality of the air
we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong
tire inflation can increase the level of emissions
from your vehicle. To help protect our environment,
and to keep your vehicle in good condition, be
sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do
not know exactly how you will drive it. You may
drive very short distances only a few times a week.
Or you may drive long distances all the time in
very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to
work, to do errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may
need more frequent checks and replacements. So
please read the following and note how you
drive. If you have any questions on how to keep
your vehicle in good condition, see your GM
Goodwrench® dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within
recommended limits. You will find these limits
on the Tire and Loading Information label.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 372.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within
legal driving limits.
• are driven off-road in the recommended
manner. See Off-Road Driving on page 339.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline
Octane on page 399.
521
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on
page 523 should be performed when indicated.
See Additional Required Services on page 525 and
Maintenance Footnotes on page 527 for further
information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a
vehicle can be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can be seriously injured.
Do your own maintenance work only if
you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job. If
you have any doubt, see your GM
Goodwrench® dealer to have a qualified
technician do the work. See Doing Your
Own Service Work on page 398.
522
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should have your
GM Goodwrench® dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench® dealer for
your service needs, you will know that GM-trained
and supported service technicians will perform
the work using genuine GM parts.
If you want to purchase service information, see
Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 562.
Owner Checks and Services on page 529 tells you
what should be checked, when to check it, and
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids, and
lubricants to use are listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 533 and Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 535.
When your vehicle is serviced, make sure these
are used. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes on, it means that service is required for your
vehicle. Have your vehicle serviced as soon as
possible within the next 600 miles (1 000 km). It is
possible that, if you are driving under the best
conditions, the engine oil life system may not
indicate that vehicle service is necessary for over a
year. However, your engine oil and filter must be
changed at least once a year and at this time the
system must be reset. Your GM Goodwrench®
dealer has GM-trained service technicians who will
perform this work using genuine GM parts and reset
the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset
accidentally, you must service your vehicle within
3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last service.
Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See Engine Oil Life System on
page 410 for information on the Engine Oil Life
System and resetting the system.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
appears, certain services, checks, and inspections
are required. Required services are described
in the following for “Maintenance I” and
“Maintenance II.” Generally, it is recommended
that your first service be Maintenance I, your
second service be Maintenance II, and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases,
Maintenance II may be required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes on
within 10 months since the vehicle was purchased
or Maintenance II was performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the
previous service performed was Maintenance I.
Always use Maintenance II whenever the message
comes on 10 months or more since the last
service or if the message has not come on at all
for one year.
523
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 407. Reset oil life system.
See Engine Oil Life System on page 410. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Lubricate chassis components. See footnote #.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter or change indicator (if equipped). If necessary,
replace filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 412. See footnote (k).
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 467 and “Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once a Month on
page 530.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See Additional Required Services
on page 525.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Check transmission fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
Check transfer case fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
524
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated
miles (kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage
or leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Vehicles without a filter restriction
indicator: Replace engine air cleaner
filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 412.
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (severe service).
See footnote (h).
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (normal service).
Change transfer case fluid.
See footnote (m).
•
•
•
•
525
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Inspect evaporative control system.
An Emission Control Service.
See footnotes † and (g).
Replace spark plugs and inspect spark
plug wires. An Emission Control
Service.
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
•
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
•
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
•
•
Engine cooling system service (or every
five years, whichever occurs first). An
Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An
Emission Control Service.
See footnote (l).
•
526
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or
the California Air Resources Board has determined
that the failure to perform this maintenance item
will not nullify the emission warranty or limit
recall liability prior to the completion of the
vehicle’s useful life. We, however, urge that all
recommended maintenance services be performed
at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
# Lubricate the front suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, and parking brake
cable guides. Control arm ball joints are
maintenance-free.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for
proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for
surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose, or missing
parts, signs of wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect
power steering lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Visually check constant velocity joints, rubber
boots, and axle seals for leaks.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced
if they are cracked, swollen, or deteriorated.
Inspect all pipes, fittings, and clamps; replace with
genuine GM parts as needed. To help ensure
proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap and cleaning the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or
cracking. Replace wiper blades that appear worn
or damaged or that streak or miss areas of
the windshield.
527
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all
your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, and
anchorages are working properly. Look for
any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced. Also
look for any opened or broken airbag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch
assembly, secondary latch, pivots, spring anchor,
release pawl, rear compartment hinges, outer
tailgate handle pivot points, latch bolt, fuel door
hinge, and folding seat hardware. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposed to
a corrosive environment. Applying silicone grease
on weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make
them last longer, seal better, and not stick
or squeak.
(g) Inspect system. Check all fuel and vapor lines
and hoses for proper hook-up, routing, and
condition. Check that the purge valve works
properly, if equipped. Replace as needed.
528
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police, or delivery
service.
(i) Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This
service can be complex; you should have
your dealer perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 419 for what to use. Inspect
hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and filler neck. Pressure test the cooling
system and pressure cap.
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate
a problem. Have the system inspected and
repaired and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if
needed.
(k) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
inspect the filter at each engine oil change.
(l) Visually inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage. Replace belt if
necessary.
(m) Check vent hose at transfer case for kinks
and proper installation.
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be
performed at the intervals specified to help ensure
the safety, dependability, and emission control
performance of your vehicle. Your GM
Goodwrench® dealer can assist you with these
checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at
once. Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added
to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper
ones, as shown in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 533.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks
at each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 407 for
further details.
Notice: It is important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level. Failure
to keep your engine oil at the proper level
can cause damage to your engine not covered
by your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary. See
Engine Coolant on page 419 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in
the windshield washer fluid reservoir and add the
proper fluid if necessary.
529
At Least Once a Month
At Least Once a Year
Tire Inflation Check
Starter Switch Check
Visually inspect your vehicle’s tires and make sure
they are inflated to the correct pressures. Do
not forget to check the spare tire. See Tires on
page 454 for further details. Check to make
sure the spare tire is stored securely. See
Changing a Flat Tire on page 477.
Tire Wear Inspection
Tire rotation may be required for high mileage
highway drivers prior to the Engine Oil Life System
service notification. Check the tires for wear
and, if necessary, rotate the tires. See Tire
Inspection and Rotation on page 467.
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the
regular brake. See Parking Brake on
page 136.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if
it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The
vehicle should start only in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). If the vehicle starts in any
other position, contact your GM
Goodwrench® dealer for service.
530
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
Control System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked
on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking
Brake on page 136.
Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to RUN,
but do not start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), contact
your GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try
to turn the ignition to LOCK in each shift lever
position.
• The ignition should turn to LOCK only when
the shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The key should come out only in LOCK.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
531
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your
vehicle could begin to move. You or
others could be injured and property
could be damaged. Make sure there is
room in front of your vehicle in case it
begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular
brake, set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure
from the regular brake pedal. Do this until the
vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
532
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to
PARK (P). Then release the parking brake
followed by the regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Hood Support Gas Strut Service
Visually inspect gas strut for signs of wear,
corrosion, cracks, loss of lubricant, or other
damage. Check the hold open ability of gas strut.
If necessary, replace with genuine GM parts.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take
care to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and
other debris can collect.
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number, or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets
GM Standard GM6094M and
displays the American Petroleum
Institute Certified for Gasoline
Engines starburst symbol.
Engine Oil
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the
requirements for your vehicle. To
determine the proper viscosity for
your vehicle’s engine, see Engine
Oil on page 407.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant water
Coolant. See Engine Coolant on
page 419.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hydraulic Brake Delco® Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer
Power Steering GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184, in
System
Canada 89021186).
Automatic
DEXRON®-VI Automatic
Transmission Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Key Lock
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Cylinders
Canada 10953474).
Chassis
Lubrication
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in
Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
533
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant
Front and Rear (GM Part No. U.S. 12378261,
Axle
in Canada 10953455) meeting
GM Specification 9986115.
Manual Transmission Fluid
Transfer Case (GM Part No. U.S. 88861800,
in Canada 88861801).
Spline Lubricant, Special Lubricant
Front Axle
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345879,
Propshaft
in Canada 10953511) or lubricant
Spline
meeting requirements of
GM 9985830.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Hood Hinges (GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
534
Usage
Outer Tailgate
Handle Pivot
Points
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Fluid/Lubricant
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 3634770,
in Canada 10953518) or Dielectric
Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Synthetic Grease with Teflon,
Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12371287,
in Canada 10953437).
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your
GM dealer.
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
GM Part Number
ACDelco® Part
Number
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
25313348
A1519C
Oil Filter
89017524
PF48
Spark Plugs
12571164
41-985
Front – 21.6 inches (55.0 cm)
15284095
—
Rear – 11.8 inches (30.0 cm)
15173728
—
Part
Wiper Blades
535
Engine Drive Belt Routing
536
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the
service, and the type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on
page 520. Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 529 can be added on the
following record pages. You should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
537
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
538
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
539
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
540
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance and Information ....... 542
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ............... 542
Online Owner Center ................................. 545
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users .......................... 546
Customer Assistance Offices ..................... 546
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ........ 547
Roadside Service ...................................... 548
Courtesy Transportation ............................. 552
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders .............................................. 555
Collision Damage Repair ........................... 556
Reporting Safety Defects ............................ 560
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..................... 560
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ............................ 561
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ...................................... 561
Service Publications Ordering
Information ............................................. 562
541
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any
concerns with the sales transaction or the
operation of your vehicle will be resolved by your
dealer’s sales or service departments. Sometimes,
however, despite the best intentions of all
concerned, misunderstandings can occur.
If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or
parts manager, contact the owner of the dealership
or the general manager.
542
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern
cannot be resolved by the dealership without further
help, in the United States, contact the Cadillac
Customer Assistance Center, 24 hours a day, by
calling 1-800-458-8006. In Canada, contact the
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre by calling 1-888-446-2000.
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please
have the following information available to give the
Customer Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). This is
available from the vehicle registration or title, or
the plate at the top left of the instrument panel
and visible through the windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage.
When contacting Cadillac, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s
facility. That is why we suggest you follow
Step One first if you have a concern.
STEP THREE (United States Owners): Both
General Motors and your dealer are committed to
making sure you are completely satisfied with
your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file
with the Better Business Bureau (BBB) Auto Line
Program to enforce your rights.
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court
program administered by the Council of Better
Business Bureaus to settle automotive disputes
regarding vehicle repairs or the interpretation
of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Although you
may be required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case
will generally be heard within 40 days. If you do
not agree with the decision given in your case, you
may reject it and proceed with any other venue
for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program
using the toll-free telephone number or write them
at the following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by
vehicle age, mileage and other factors. General
Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or discontinue its participation in
this program.
543
STEP THREE (Canadian Owners):
General Motors Participation in the
Mediation/Arbitration Program
In the event that you do not feel your concerns have
been addressed after the following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two. General Motors of
Canada Limited wants you to be aware of its
participation in a no-charge mediation/Arbitration
program. General Motors of Canada Limited has
committed to binding arbitration of owner disputes
involving factory-related vehicle service claims.
The program provides for the review of the facts
involved by an impartial third party arbiter, and may
include an informal hearing before the arbiter. The
program is designed so that the entire dispute
settlement process, from the time you file your
complaint to the final decision, should be completed
in approximately 70 days. We believe our impartial
program offers advantages over courts in most
jurisdictions because it is informal, quick, and free
of charge.
544
For further information concerning eligibility
in the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan
(CAMVAP), call toll-free 1-800-207-0685.
Alternatively you may call the General Motors
Customer Communication Centre, 1-800-263-3777
(English), 1-800-263-7854 (French), or you may
write to the Mediation/Arbitration Program at
the following address. Your inquiry should
be accompanied by your Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN).
Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1–163–005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Online Owner Center
My GM Canada (Canada only)
Online Owner Center
(United States only)
My GM Canada is a password-protected section
of gmcanada.com where you can save information
on GM vehicles, get personalized offers, and
use handy tools and forms with greater ease.
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM
ownership needs. Specific vehicle information can
be found in one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific
vehicle, including tips and videos and
an electronic version of this owner manual.
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history
and maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges
only available to members.
Here are a few of the valuable tools and services
you will have access to:
− My Showroom: Find and save information on
vehicles and current offers in your area.
− My Dealers/Retailers: Save details such as
address and phone number for each of
your preferred GM Dealers or Retailers.
− My Driveway: Receive service reminders and
helpful advice on owning and maintaining
your vehicle.
− My Preferences: Manage your profile,
subscribe to E-News and use tools and forms
with greater ease.
Refer to www.MyGMLink.com on the web for
updated information and to register your vehicle.
To sign up to My GM Canada, visit the My GM
Canada section within www.gmcanada.com.
545
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of
hearing, or speech-impaired and who use Text
Telephones (TTYs), Cadillac has TTY equipment
available at its Customer Assistance Center.
Any TTY user can communicate with Cadillac by
dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622). (TTY users
in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. However, if a customer
wishes to write or e-mail Cadillac, the letter should
be addressed to:
United States — Customer Assistance
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
546
www.Cadillac.com
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
www.gmcanada.com
1-888-446-2000
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors
Business Unit.
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands) — Customer
Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
This program, available to qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost of eligible
aftermarket adaptive equipment required for
your vehicle, such as hand controls or a
wheelchair/scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very limited period of
time from the date of vehicle purchase/lease.
For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, visit gmmobility.com or call the GM
Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
General Motors of Canada also has a Mobility
Program. Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483)
for details. TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
547
Roadside Service
Who Is Covered?
In the United States or Canada, call
1-800-882-1112
Roadside Assistance coverage is for the vehicle
operator, regardless of ownership. A person driving
this vehicle without the consent of the owner is
not eligible for coverage.
Service available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more
than an auto club or towing service. It provides
every Cadillac owner with the advantage of
contacting a Cadillac advisor and, in the United
States, where available, a Cadillac trained
dealer technician who can provide on-site service.
Each United States technician travels with a
specially equipped service vehicle complete with
the necessary Cadillac parts and tools required to
handle most roadside repairs.
548
The following services are provided in the United
States during the Bumper-to-Bumper warranty
period and in Canada, during the Base Warranty
coverage period of the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, up to a maximum coverage of $100.
These services are provided at a nominal charge
if the Cadillac is no longer covered by the
warranties listed previously. Roadside Service is
available only in the United States and Canada.
Cadillac Owner Privileges™
Roadside Service provides several Cadillac Owner
Privileges™ at “no charge,” throughout your
Cadillac Warranty Period — 48 months/
50,000 miles (80 000 km).
Emergency Road Service is performed on site for
the following situations:
• Towing Service: Emergency towing from a
public roadway or highway to the nearest
dealership for warranty service or in the event
of a vehicle-disabling accident. Winch-out
assistance when the vehicle is mired in sand,
mud, or snow.
• Battery Jump Starting: No-start occurrences
which require a battery jump start will be
covered at no charge.
• Lock Out Assistance: To ensure security,
the driver must present the vehicle registration
and personal ID before lock-out service is
provided. Lock-out service will be covered at
no charge if you are unable to gain entry
into your vehicle. If your vehicle will not start,
Roadside Service will arrange to have
your vehicle towed to the nearest authorized
dealership. In the United States, replacement
keys made at the customer’s expense will
be delivered within 10 miles.
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel for the
customer to get to the nearest service station
(approximately $5 in the United States and
10 litres in Canada). Service to provide diesel
may be restricted. For safety reasons,
propane and other alternative fuels will not be
provided through this service.
549
• Flat Tire Change (Covers change only):
Installation of your spare tire, in good
condition, will be covered at no charge.
The customer is responsible for the repair or
replacement of the tire if not covered by a
warrantable failure.
• Trip Interruption: If your trip is interrupted
due to a warranty failure, incidental
expenses may be reimbursed during the
48 months/50,000 miles (80 000 km) warranty
period. Items covered are hotel, meals,
and rental car.
550
Additional Services for Canadian
Customers
• Trip Routing Service: Upon request, Cadillac
Roadside Service will send you detailed,
computer-personalized maps, highlighting your
choice of either the most direct route or the
most scenic route to your destination,
anywhere in North America, along with any
helpful travel information we may have
pertaining to your trip. To request this service,
please call us toll-free at 1-800-268-6800.
We will make every attempt to send your
personalized trip routing as quickly as possible,
but it is best to allow three weeks before your
planned departure date. Trip routing requests
will be limited to six per calendar year.
• Alternative Service: There may be times
when Roadside Service cannot provide timely
assistance. Your advisor may authorize you to
secure local emergency road service, and you
will be reimbursed up to $100 upon submission
of the original receipt to Cadillac Roadside
Service®.
Roadside Service Availability
Wherever you drive in the United States or
Canada, an advisor is available to assist you over
the phone. A dealer technician, if available, can
travel to your location within a 30 mile (50 km)
radius of a participating Cadillac dealership.
If beyond this radius, we will arrange to have your
car towed to the nearest Cadillac dealership.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling,
please provide the following to the Roadside
Service Representative:
• A description of the problem
• Name, home address, home telephone
number
• Location of your Cadillac and number you are
calling from
• The model year, Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN), odometer reading, and date of delivery
While we hope you never have the occasion to
use our service, it is added security while traveling
for you and your family. Remember, we are
only a phone call away. In the United States or
Canada, customers call Roadside Service:
1-800-882-1112. Any customer who has access to
a (TTY) or a conventional teletypewriter can
communicate with Cadillac by dialing from the
United States or Canada 1-888-889-2438 — daily,
24 hours.
Cadillac and General Motors of Canada Limited
reserve the right to limit services or reimbursement
to an owner or driver when, in their sole discretion,
the claims become excessive in frequency or type
of occurrence.
Roadside Service is not part of or included in the
coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Cadillac and General Motors of Canada
Limited reserve the right to make any changes
or discontinue the Roadside Service program
at any time without notification.
551
Towing and Road Service Exclusions
Specifically excluded from Roadside Service
coverage are towing or services for vehicles
operated on a non-public roadway or highway,
fines, impound towing caused by a violation
of local, Municipal, State, Provincial or Federal
law, and mounting, dismounting or changing
of snow tires, chains or other traction devices.
Courtesy Transportation
To enhance your ownership experience, we
and our participating dealers are proud to offer
Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
For warranty repairs during the Bumper-to-Bumper
(United States) or Base Warranty Coverage
period (Canada), provided by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty, interim transportation may
be available under the courtesy transportation
program. Several courtesy transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required
to assist in reducing your inconvenience.
552
Courtesy Transportation is not part of the new
Vehicle Limited Warranty and is available only at
participating dealers. A separate booklet entitled
“Warranty and Owner Assistance Information”
furnished with each new vehicle provides detailed
warranty coverage information.
Scheduling Service Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty service,
you should contact your dealer and request an
appointment. By scheduling a service appointment
and advising your service consultant of your
transportation needs, your dealer can help
minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the
service department immediately, keep driving it
until it can be scheduled for service, unless,
of course, the problem is safety-related. If it is,
please call your dealership, let them know this,
and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the
vehicle off for service, you are urged to do so as
early in the work day as possible to allow for
the same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed
while you wait. However, if you are unable to wait,
GM helps to minimize your inconvenience by
providing several transportation options.
Depending on the circumstances, your dealer can
offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Shuttle Service is the preferred means of offering
Courtesy Transportation and participating
dealers can provide you with shuttle service to get
you to your destination with minimal interruption
of your daily schedule. This includes one-way
or round trip shuttle service within reasonable time
and distance parameters for the dealer’s area.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires warranty repairs, and
public transportation is used as “shuttle service,”
the reimbursement is limited to the associated
shuttle allowance (contact your dealer) and must
be supported by original receipts. In addition,
in the United States, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative, limited
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses
may be available. Claim amounts should reflect
actual costs and be supported by original receipts.
553
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Additional Program Information
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a
courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for
a rental vehicle that you obtain if your vehicle is
kept for a warranty repair. Taxi reimbursement
may also be available if you meet the eligibility for
a courtesy rental and a rental vehicle is not
practical for your requirements. Rental and taxi
reimbursement will be limited (contact your dealer)
and must be supported by original receipts. This
requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state/provincial, local and
rental vehicle provider requirements. Requirements
vary and may include minimum age requirements,
insurance coverage, credit card, etc. You are
responsible for fuel usage charges and may also
be responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees,
excessive mileage or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
All program options, such as shuttle service, may
not be available at every dealer. Please contact
your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation
arrangements will be administered by appropriate
dealer personnel.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
554
Cadillac and General Motors of Canada reserve
the right to unilaterally modify, change or
discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any time
and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at their sole discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has
a number of sophisticated computer systems that
monitor and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components
to optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for
airbag deployment and, if so equipped, to provide
anti-lock braking and to help the driver control
the vehicle in difficult driving situations. Some
information may be stored during regular operations
to facilitate repair of detected malfunctions; other
information is stored only in a crash event by
computer systems, such as those commonly called
Event Data Recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as the
airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM)
in your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated,
such as data related to engine speed, brake
application, throttle position, vehicle speed, safety
belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag performance,
and the severity of a collision. If your vehicle is
equipped with StabiliTrak®, steering performance,
including yaw rate, steering wheel angle, and
lateral acceleration, is also recorded. This
information has been used to improve vehicle
crash performance and may be used to improve
crash performance of future vehicles and
driving safety. Unlike the data recorders on many
airplanes, these on-board systems do not
record sounds, such as conversation of vehicle
occupants.
555
To read this information, special equipment is
needed and access to the vehicle or the device
that stores the data is required. GM will not access
information about a crash event or share it with
others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the
lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or
similar government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through
the discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data,
GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where
appropriate confidentiality is to be maintained
and need is shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a
specific vehicle with non-GM organizations
for research purposes.
556
Others, such as law enforcement, may have
access to the special equipment that can read the
information if they have access to the vehicle
or the device that stores the data.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, please check the
OnStar® subscription service agreement or
manual for information on its operations and data
collection.
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a collision and it is
damaged, have the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper equipment and quality
replacement parts. Poorly performed collision
repairs will diminish your vehicle’s resale value,
and safety performance can be compromised in
subsequent collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new parts made
with the same materials and construction methods
as the parts with which your vehicle was
originally built. Genuine GM Collision parts are
your best choice to assure that your vehicle’s
designed appearance, durability and safety are
preserved. The use of Genuine GM parts can help
maintain your GM New Vehicle Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts may also be
used for repair. These parts are typically removed
from vehicles that were total losses in prior
accidents. In most cases, the parts being recycled
are from undamaged sections of the vehicle.
A recycled original equipment GM part, may be an
acceptable choice to maintain your vehicle’s
originally designed appearance and safety
performance, however, the history of these parts
is not known. Such parts are not covered by
your GM New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any
related failures are not covered by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also available.
These are made by companies other than GM and
may not have been tested for your vehicle. As a
result, these parts may fit poorly, exhibit premature
durability/corrosion problems, and may not
perform properly in subsequent collisions.
Aftermarket parts are not covered by your GM
New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any vehicle
failure related to such parts are not covered by that
warranty.
Repair Facility
GM also recommends that you choose a collision
repair facility that meets your needs before you
ever need collision repairs. Your GM dealer
may have a collision repair center with GM-trained
technicians and state of the art equipment, or
be able to recommend a collision repair center
that has GM-trained technicians and comparable
equipment.
557
Insuring Your Vehicle
If an Accident Occurs
Protect your investment in your GM vehicle with
comprehensive and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in the quality
of coverage afforded by various insurance policy
terms. Many insurance policies provide reduced
protection to your GM vehicle by limiting
compensation for damage repairs by using
aftermarket collision parts. Some insurance
companies will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance, we recommend
that you assure your vehicle will be repaired
with GM original equipment collision parts. If such
insurance coverage is not available from your
current insurance carrier, consider switching
to another insurance carrier.
Here is what to do if you are involved in an
accident.
• Try to relax and then check to make sure you
are all right. If you are uninjured, make sure
that no one else in your vehicle, or the
other vehicle, is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call 911 for help.
Do not leave the scene of an accident until
all matters have been taken care of. Move
your vehicle only if its position puts you
in danger or you are instructed to move it
by a police officer.
• Give only the necessary and requested
information to police and other parties involved
in the accident. Do not discuss your personal
condition, mental frame of mind, or anything
unrelated to the accident. This will help guard
against post-accident legal action.
• If you need roadside assistance, call GM
Roadside Assistance. See Roadside Service
on page 548 for more information.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing company
may require you to have insurance that assures
repairs with Genuine GM Original Equipment
Manufacturer (OEM) parts or Genuine
Manufacturer replacement parts. Read your
lease carefully, as you may be charged at the
end of your lease for poor quality repairs.
558
• If your vehicle cannot be driven, know where
• If possible, call your insurance company from
the towing service will be taking it. Get a
card from the tow truck operator or write down
the driver’s name, the service’s name, and
the phone number.
• Remove any valuables from your vehicle
before it is towed away. Make sure this
includes your insurance information and
registration if you keep these items in your
vehicle.
• Gather the important information you will
need from the other driver. Things like name,
address, phone number, driver’s license
number, vehicle license plate, vehicle make,
model and model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), insurance company and
policy number, and a general description of
the damage to the other vehicle.
the scene of the accident. They will walk you
through the information they will need. If
they ask for a police report, phone or go to
the police department headquarters the
next day and you can get a copy of the report
for a nominal fee. In some states/provinces
with “no fault” insurance laws, a report may not
be necessary. This is especially true if there
are no injuries and both vehicles are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision repair facility
for your vehicle. Whether you select a
GM dealer or a private collision repair facility
to fix the damage, make sure you are
comfortable with them. Remember, you will
have to feel comfortable with their work
for a long time.
• Once you have an estimate, read it carefully
and make sure you understand what work
will be performed on your vehicle. If you have
a question, ask for an explanation. Reputable
shops welcome this opportunity.
559
Managing the Vehicle Damage Repair
Process
In the event that your vehicle requires damage
repairs, GM recommends that you take an active
role in its repair. If you have a pre-determined
repair facility of choice, take your vehicle there, or
have it towed there. Specify to the facility that
any required replacement collision parts be original
equipment parts, either new Genuine GM parts
or recycled original GM parts. Remember, recycled
parts will not be covered by your GM vehicle
warranty.
Insurance pays the bill for the repair, but you must
live with the repair. Depending on your policy
limits, your insurance company may initially value
the repair using aftermarket parts. Discuss this
with your repair professional, and insist on
Genuine GM parts. Remember if your vehicle
is leased you may be obligated to have the vehicle
repaired with Genuine GM parts, even if your
insurance coverage does not pay the full cost.
560
If another party’s insurance company is paying
for the repairs, you are not obligated to accept
a repair valuation based on that insurance
company’s collision policy repair limits, as you
have no contractual limits with that company. In
such cases, you can have control of the repair
and parts choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety
defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA
cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY:
1-800-424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or
write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
400 Seventh Street, SW.
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your
vehicle has a safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition
to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.
You may call them at 1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport
Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly
hope you will notify us. Please call us at
1-800-458-8006, or write:
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
561
In Canada, please call us at 1-888-446-2000.
Or, write:
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre, CA1-163-005
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle
suspension, brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit
repair service procedures, adjustments, and
specifications for GM transmissions, transaxles,
and transfer cases.
562
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General
Motors cars and trucks. Each bulletin contains
instructions to assist in the diagnosis and service
of your vehicle.
In Canada, the service bulletin reference number
can be obtained by contacting your GM dealer
or by calling 1-800-GMDRIVE (1-800-463-7483).
This reference number is needed to order the
service bulletin from Helm, Inc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $6.00 US + Processing Fee
Owner Information
Owner publications are written specifically for
owners and intended to provide basic operational
information about the vehicle. The owner
manual will include the Maintenance Schedule for
all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00 US +
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Without Portfolio: Owner Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00 US +
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Current and Past Model Order Forms
Technical Service Bulletins and Manuals are
available for current and past model GM vehicles.
To request an order form, please specify year
and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on
the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and
without incurring obligation. Allow ample time
for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are
to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
563
✍ NOTES
564
A
Accessories and Modifications ..................... 397
Accessory Power Outlet(s) .......................... 217
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle ....................................................... 85
Additives, Fuel ............................................ 400
Add-On Electrical Equipment ....................... 509
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal ............ 128
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ............................. 412
Air Conditioning ........................................... 219
Airbag
Passenger Status Indicator ....................... 230
Readiness Light ....................................... 229
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic
Module (SDM) .......................................... 555
Airbag System ............................................... 67
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......................... 85
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .................. 76
Passenger Sensing System ....................... 78
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ..... 84
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .................. 75
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates? ................................................. 76
When Should an Airbag Inflate? ................. 73
Where Are the Airbags? ............................. 70
All-Wheel Drive ...........................................
All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) System ....................
Analog Clock ...............................................
Antenna, Fixed Mast ...................................
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System ....................................................
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ....................
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .......
Appearance Care
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........
Care of Safety Belts ................................
Chemical Paint Spotting ...........................
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ..............
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ..........
Fabric/Carpet ...........................................
Finish Care ..............................................
Finish Damage .........................................
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ....................................
Leather ....................................................
Sheet Metal Damage ...............................
Speaker Covers .......................................
Tires ........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...........................
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..........
Washing Your Vehicle ..............................
443
333
218
318
319
327
234
504
500
506
502
496
498
502
505
499
499
505
500
505
506
507
501
565
Appearance Care (cont.)
Weatherstrips ...........................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ...................
Wood Panels ...........................................
Ashtray(s) ....................................................
Audio System(s) ..........................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ............
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ...................
Chime Level Adjustment ...........................
Fixed Mast Antenna .................................
Navigation/Radio System, see Navigation
Manual .................................................
Radio with CD and DVD ..........................
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................
Setting the Time ......................................
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................
Understanding Radio Reception ...............
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......
Automatic Headlamp System .......................
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ........................................................
Operation .................................................
Autoride® .....................................................
566
501
503
500
218
267
316
318
318
319
318
302
270
313
269
315
317
319
210
415
129
379
B
Battery ........................................................
Run-Down Protection ...............................
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ....................
Brake
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................
Emergencies ............................................
Parking ....................................................
System Warning Light ..............................
Brake Pedal, Throttle ...................................
Brakes ........................................................
Braking .......................................................
Braking in Emergencies ...............................
Break-In, New Vehicle .................................
Bulb Replacement .......................................
Headlamp Aiming .....................................
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ....
License Plate Lamps ................................
Replacement Bulbs ..................................
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Sidemarker,
Stoplamps, and Back-Up Lamps ...........
Buying New Tires ........................................
437
212
362
327
329
136
232
128
433
326
329
123
450
447
450
452
452
450
470
C
Calibration .......................................... 143, 145
California Fuel ............................................. 400
California Proposition 65 Warning ................ 397
Canadian Owners ........................................... 3
Capacities and Specifications ...................... 518
Carbon Monoxide ..... 104, 114, 141, 366, 380
Care of
Safety Belts ............................................. 500
Your CD and DVD Player ........................ 318
Your CDs and DVDs ................................ 318
Cargo Area, All-Weather .............................. 181
Cargo Cover Panels .................................... 168
Center Console Storage Area ...................... 166
Chains, Tire ................................................. 476
Charging System Light ................................ 232
Check
Engine Light ............................................ 236
Checking Things Under the Hood ................ 404
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................. 506
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................. 45
Infants and Young Children ........................ 42
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children ..... 51
Older Children ........................................... 39
Child Restraints (cont.)
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position .......................................... 60
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position ................................. 62
Where to Put the Restraint ........................ 50
Chime Level Adjustment .............................. 319
Cigarette Lighter .......................................... 218
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........ 504
Exterior Lamps/Lenses ............................. 502
Fabric/Carpet ........................................... 498
Finish Care .............................................. 502
Inside of Your Vehicle .............................. 496
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces .................................... 499
Leather .................................................... 499
Speaker Covers ....................................... 500
Tires ........................................................ 505
Underbody Maintenance ........................... 506
Washing Your Vehicle .............................. 501
Weatherstrips ........................................... 501
Windshield and Wiper Blades ................... 503
Wood Panels ........................................... 500
567
Climate Control System
Dual Automatic ......................................... 219
Outlet Adjustment ..................................... 224
Clock .......................................................... 218
Collision Damage Repair ............................. 556
Comfort Guides, Rear Safety Belt ................. 35
Compass ............................................ 143, 145
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................... 118
Control of a Vehicle ..................................... 326
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ........................ 235
Heater, Engine ......................................... 128
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ........................ 422
Cooled Seats ................................................ 11
Cooling System ........................................... 426
Cruise Control ............................................. 201
Cruise Control Light .................................... 241
Cupholder(s) ................................................ 166
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ........................... 552
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ......................... 546
Customer Assistance Offices .................... 546
Customer Satisfaction Procedure .............. 542
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ...... 547
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors ..................................... 561
568
Customer Assistance Information (cont.)
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ..........................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ....................
Roadside Service .....................................
Service Publications Ordering
Information ...........................................
561
560
548
562
D
Daytime Running Lamps ............................. 209
Defensive Driving ........................................ 322
Delayed Locking .......................................... 102
Differential, Locking ..................................... 329
Doing Your Own Service Work .................... 398
Dome Lamp Override .................................. 212
Dome Lamps ............................................... 212
Door
Delayed Locking ...................................... 102
Locks ....................................................... 101
Power Door Locks ................................... 102
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 102
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 103
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ................................... 23
Driver Information Center (DIC) ...................
DIC Operation and Displays .....................
DIC Vehicle Customization .......................
DIC Warnings and Messages ...................
Driving
At Night ...................................................
City ..........................................................
Defensive .................................................
Drunken ...................................................
Freeway ...................................................
Hill and Mountain Roads ..........................
In Rain and on Wet Roads ......................
Off-Road ..................................................
Recovery Hooks .......................................
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out ..........
Winter ......................................................
Dual Automatic Climate Control System .......
DVD
Rear Seat Entertainment System .............
243
243
257
248
355
360
322
323
361
364
356
339
371
370
366
219
302
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ...................................
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block ........
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ...................
509
512
509
510
Electrical System (cont.)
Power Windows and Other Power
Options ................................................. 509
Underhood Fuse Block ............................. 513
Windshield Wiper Fuses ........................... 509
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ...................................... 412
Battery ..................................................... 437
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ..... 236
Coolant .................................................... 419
Coolant Heater ......................................... 128
Coolant Temperature Gage ...................... 235
Drive Belt Routing .................................... 536
Engine Compartment Overview ................ 406
Exhaust ................................................... 141
Fan Noise ................................................ 431
Oil ........................................................... 407
Oil Life System ........................................ 410
Overheated Protection Operating Mode .... 425
Overheating ............................................. 422
Starting .................................................... 126
Entry/Exit Lighting ....................................... 212
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ...................... 555
Extender, Safety Belt ..................................... 38
Exterior Cargo Lamps ................................. 211
Exterior Lamps ............................................ 204
569
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................
Finish Damage ............................................
Fixed Mast Antenna ....................................
Flashers, Hazard Warning ...........................
Flash-to-Pass ..............................................
Flat Tire ......................................................
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................
Flat Tire, Storing .........................................
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ............................
Power Steering ........................................
Windshield Washer ..................................
Fog Lamp Light ...........................................
Fog Lamps ..................................................
Front Axle ...................................................
Fuel ............................................................
Additives ..................................................
California Fuel ..........................................
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..............
Filling Your Tank ......................................
Fuels in Foreign Countries .......................
570
412
505
318
194
198
476
477
492
415
431
432
241
211
446
399
400
400
404
402
401
Fuel (cont.)
Gage .......................................................
Gasoline Octane ......................................
Gasoline Specifications ............................
Fuses
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block ........
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ...................
Underhood Fuse Block .............................
Windshield Wiper .....................................
242
399
399
512
509
510
513
509
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Fuel .........................................................
Speedometer ...........................................
Tachometer ..............................................
Garage Door Opener .......................... 154,
Gasoline
Octane .....................................................
Specifications ...........................................
Glove Box ...................................................
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ..........
235
242
227
227
155
399
399
165
547
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................ 194
Head Restraints ............................................ 15
Headlamp
Aiming ..................................................... 447
Headlamps
Automatic Headlamp System .................... 210
Bulb Replacement .................................... 450
Daytime Running Lamps .......................... 209
Flash-to-Pass ........................................... 198
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting .... 450
High/Low Beam Changer ......................... 197
On Reminder ........................................... 209
Heated Seats ......................................... 10, 11
Heated Steering Wheel ............................... 195
Heater ......................................................... 219
Highbeam On Light ..................................... 241
High-Speed Operation, Tires ........................ 462
Highway Hypnosis ....................................... 363
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................. 364
Hood
Checking Things Under ............................ 404
Release ................................................... 405
Horn ............................................................ 194
How to Use This Manual ................................ 4
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............... 23
I
Ignition Positions ......................................... 124
Infants and Young Children, Restraints .......... 42
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................... 460
Instrument Panel
Overview .................................................. 192
Storage Area ............................................ 166
Instrument Panel (I/P)
Brightness ................................................ 211
Cluster ..................................................... 226
J
Jump Starting .............................................. 438
K
Keyless Entry System ................................... 92
Keys ............................................................. 91
571
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall ................................. 455
Lamps
Battery Run-Down Protection ................... 212
Dome ....................................................... 212
Dome Lamp Override ............................... 212
Exterior .................................................... 204
Exterior Cargo .......................................... 211
Fog .......................................................... 211
Reading ................................................... 212
LATCH System
Child Restraints ......................................... 51
License Plate Lamps ................................... 452
Light
Airbag Readiness ..................................... 229
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ............. 234
Brake System Warning ............................. 232
Charging System ..................................... 232
Cruise Control .......................................... 241
Fog Lamp ................................................ 241
Highbeam On .......................................... 241
Lights On Reminder ................................. 241
Malfunction Indicator ................................ 236
Oil Pressure ............................................. 240
572
Light (cont.)
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............ 230
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder .............. 228
Safety Belt Reminder ............................... 228
Security ................................................... 240
StabiliTrak® Indicator ................................ 235
Tire Pressure ........................................... 236
Tow/Haul Mode ........................................ 242
Lighting
Entry/Exit ................................................. 212
Loading Your Vehicle ................................... 372
Locking Differential ...................................... 329
Lockout Protection ....................................... 103
Locks
Delayed Locking ...................................... 102
Door ........................................................ 101
Lockout Protection ................................... 103
Power Door ............................................. 102
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 102
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 103
Loss of Control ........................................... 338
Luggage Carrier .......................................... 166
Lumbar
Power Controls ............................................ 9
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services .................... 525
At Each Fuel Fill ...................................... 529
At Least Once a Month ............................ 530
At Least Once a Year .............................. 530
Introduction .............................................. 520
Maintenance Footnotes ............................ 527
Maintenance Record ................................ 537
Maintenance Requirements ...................... 520
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts ............................... 535
Owner Checks and Services .................... 529
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ....... 533
Scheduled Maintenance ........................... 523
Using ....................................................... 521
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 520
Malfunction Indicator Light ........................... 236
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals ................ 12
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ...................
Midgate .......................................................
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Mirror with
Intellibeam™, OnStar®, Compass, and
Temperature Display .............................
Automatic Dimming Rearview with
OnStar®, Compass and Temperature
Display .................................................
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors ..............
MyGMLink.com ............................................
248
104
143
145
149
545
N
Navigation/Radio System, see Navigation
Manual ..................................................... 302
New Vehicle Break-In .................................. 123
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..... 535
573
O
P
Odometer .................................................... 227
Odometer, Trip ............................................ 227
Off-Road Driving .......................................... 339
Off-Road Recovery ...................................... 335
Oil
Engine ..................................................... 407
Pressure Light .......................................... 240
Oil, Engine Oil Life System ......................... 410
Older Children, Restraints ............................. 39
Online Owner Center ................................... 545
OnStar® System, see OnStar® Manual ........ 152
Other Warning Devices ................................ 194
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 224
Outlet(s), Accessory Power .......................... 217
Outside
Power Foldaway Mirrors ........................... 149
Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode ....................................................... 425
Owner Checks and Services ....................... 529
Owners, Canadian .......................................... 3
Paint, Damage ............................................ 505
Park Aid ...................................................... 213
Park (P)
Shifting Into ............................................. 138
Shifting Out of ......................................... 140
Parking
Assist ....................................................... 213
Brake ....................................................... 136
Over Things That Burn ............................ 140
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............... 230
Passenger Sensing System ........................... 78
Passing ....................................................... 336
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................... 120
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................... 121
Power
Accessory Outlet(s) .................................. 217
Door Locks .............................................. 102
Electrical System ..................................... 509
Lumbar Controls .......................................... 9
Reclining Seatbacks ................................... 14
574
Power (cont.)
Retained Accessory (RAP) ....................... 125
Running Boards ....................................... 114
Seat ............................................................ 8
Steering Fluid .......................................... 431
Windows .................................................. 116
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ............................. 38
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .......... 102
Q
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................... 22
R
Radios ........................................................
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ............
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ...................
Navigation/Radio System, see Navigation
Manual .................................................
Radio with CD and DVD ..........................
Rear Seat Audio ......................................
Setting the Time ......................................
Theft-Deterrent .........................................
Understanding Reception .........................
Rainsense™ II Wipers .................................
267
318
318
302
270
313
269
315
317
199
Reading Lamps ........................................... 212
Rear Axle .................................................... 444
Rear Door Security Locks ........................... 103
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides .................. 35
Rear Seat Armrest ...................................... 168
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................... 313
Rear Seat Entertainment System ................. 302
Rear Seat Operation ..................................... 16
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .............. 32
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
OnStar®, Compass and Temperature
Display ..................................................... 145
Reclining Seatbacks, Power .......................... 14
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants .......... 533
Recovery Hooks .......................................... 371
Recreational Vehicle Towing ........................ 379
Remote Keyless Entry System ...................... 92
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ..... 93
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ................................................ 482
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............ 478
Replacement Bulbs ..................................... 452
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ............................. 561
General Motors ........................................ 561
United States Government ....................... 560
575
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems ................. 86
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ......................................... 87
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ................ 125
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety
Belts .......................................................... 31
Road Sensing Suspension ........................... 329
Roadside
Service .................................................... 548
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .............. 370
Routing, Engine Drive Belt .......................... 536
Running Boards, Power ............................... 114
Running the Engine While Parked ............... 142
S
Safety Belt
Passenger Reminder Light ....................... 228
Pretensioners ............................................. 38
Reminder Light ........................................ 228
Safety Belts
Care of .................................................... 500
Driver Position ........................................... 23
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............ 23
576
Safety Belts (cont.)
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................ 22
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ............... 35
Rear Seat Passengers ............................... 32
Right Front Passenger Position .................. 31
Safety Belt Extender .................................. 38
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ............. 31
Safety Belts Are for Everyone .................... 18
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster .................... 30
Safety Warnings and Symbols ......................... 4
Scheduled Maintenance ............................... 523
Seats
Head Restraints ......................................... 15
Heated and Cooled Seats .......................... 11
Heated Seats ............................................. 10
Memory, Mirrors and Pedals ...................... 12
Power Lumbar ............................................. 9
Power Reclining Seatbacks ........................ 14
Power Seats ................................................ 8
Rear Seat Operation .................................. 16
Secondary Latch System ............................. 489
Securing a Child Restraint
Rear Seat Position ..................................... 60
Right Front Seat Position ........................... 62
Security Light .............................................. 240
Service ........................................................ 396
Accessories and Modifications .................. 397
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle ......................................... 399
California Proposition 65 Warning ............. 397
Doing Your Own Work ............................. 398
Engine Soon Light ................................... 236
Publications Ordering Information ............. 562
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 84
Setting the Time .......................................... 269
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 505
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................... 138
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................... 140
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................ 30
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .................. 196
Spare Tire ................................................... 495
Installing .................................................. 482
Removing ................................................ 478
Storing ..................................................... 492
Specifications, Capacities ............................
Speedometer ...............................................
StabiliTrak® System .....................................
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ...........................
Starting Your Engine ...................................
Steering ......................................................
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ...................
Steering Wheel, Heated ..............................
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ..........................
Storage Areas
All-Weather Cargo Area ...........................
Center Console Storage Area ...................
Cupholder(s) ............................................
Glove Box ................................................
Instrument Panel Storage Area .................
Luggage Carrier .......................................
Rear Seat Armrest ...................................
Top-Box Storage ......................................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow ...............
Sun Visors ..................................................
Sunroof .......................................................
518
227
330
235
126
333
316
195
195
181
166
166
165
166
166
168
186
370
117
187
577
T
Tachometer .................................................
Tailgate .......................................................
Taillamps
Turn Signal, Sidemarker, Stoplamps, and
Back-Up Lamps ....................................
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..............................
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................
Throttle, Adjustable ......................................
Tilt Wheel ....................................................
Tire
Pressure Light ..........................................
Tires ...........................................................
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels,
Cleaning ...............................................
Buying New Tires .....................................
Chains .....................................................
Changing a Flat Tire ................................
Cleaning ..................................................
Different Size ...........................................
High-Speed Operation ..............................
578
227
114
450
315
117
118
120
121
128
195
236
454
504
470
476
477
505
472
462
Tires (cont.)
If a Tire Goes Flat ...................................
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................
Inspection and Rotation ............................
Installing the Spare Tire ...........................
Pressure Monitor System .........................
Removing the Flat Tire .............................
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .........
Secondary Latch System .........................
Spare Tire ................................................
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools .....
Tire Sidewall Labeling ..............................
Tire Terminology and Definitions ...............
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ....................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ...........
Wheel Replacement .................................
When It Is Time for New Tires .................
Top-Box Storage .........................................
Tow/Haul Mode ...........................................
Tow/Haul Mode Light ...................................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .................................
Towing a Trailer .......................................
Your Vehicle .............................................
476
460
467
482
462
482
478
489
495
492
455
457
473
474
474
469
186
135
242
379
380
378
Traction
Locking Differential ...................................
Road Sensing Suspension .......................
StabiliTrak® System .................................
Trailer
Recommendations ....................................
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic .......................................
Transmission Operation, Automatic ..............
Trip Odometer .............................................
Truck-Camper Loading Information ..............
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ...................
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ....................
329
329
330
392
415
129
227
378
196
196
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ........
Understanding Radio Reception ...................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .......................
Universal Home Remote System ........ 154,
Operation ........................................ 156,
V
Vehicle
Control ..................................................... 326
Damage Warnings ....................................... 5
Loading .................................................... 372
Symbols ...................................................... 5
Vehicle Customization, DIC ......................... 257
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders ................................................ 555
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) .......................................... 508
Service Parts Identification Label .............. 508
Ventilation Adjustment .................................. 224
Visors .......................................................... 117
213
317
473
155
162
579
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ......... 225
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 248
Hazard Warning Flashers ......................... 194
Other Warning Devices ............................ 194
Safety and Symbols ..................................... 4
Vehicle Damage .......................................... 5
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ..................... 474
Different Size ........................................... 472
Replacement ............................................ 474
Where to Put the Restraint ............................ 50
Windows ..................................................... 115
Power ...................................................... 116
Windshield
Rainsense™ II Wipers .............................
Washer ....................................................
Washer Fluid ...........................................
Wiper Blade Replacement ........................
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ............................
Wiper Fuses ............................................
Wipers .....................................................
Winter Driving .............................................
199
200
432
453
503
509
198
366
X
XM Radio Messages ................................... 300
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......... 319
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............... 520
580