Cadillac 2009 Automobile User Manual

2010 Cadillac Escalade Two-mode Hybrid M
In Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Initial Drive Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hybrid Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performance and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-2
1-4
1-6
Seats and Restraint System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Restraint System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Features and Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Storage Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Climate Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . .
Driver Information Center (DIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio System(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-7
4-9
Driving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Your Driving, the Road, and the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Service and Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Checking Things Under the Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i-1
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CADILLAC, the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath, and the
name Escalade are registered trademarks of General
Motors.
This manual describes features that may or may not be
on your specific vehicle either because they are options
that you did not purchase or due to changes
subsequent to the printing of this owner manual. Please
refer to the purchase documentation relating to your
specific vehicle to confirm each of the features found on
your vehicle. For vehicles first sold in Canada,
substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Cadillac Motor Division wherever it appears
in this manual.
Keep this manual in the vehicle for quick reference.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25855013 A First Printing
ii
Canadian Owners
Propriétaires Canadiens
A French language copy of this manual can be obtained
from your dealer/retailer or from:
On peut obtenir un exemplaire de ce guide en français
auprès du concessionnaire ou à l'adresse suivante:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
1-800-551-4123
Numéro de poste 6438 de langue française
www.helminc.com
©
2009 General Motors. All Rights Reserved.
Introduction
Index
Your hybrid SUV is designed to be more fuel efficient
than the standard SUV, which results in reduced carbon
dioxide emissions.
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of this supplement. It is an alphabetical list of what
is in the supplement, and the page number where you
will find it.
Using this Supplement
This supplement contains information specific to the
hybrid components of the vehicle. It does not explain
everything you need to know about the vehicle. Read
this supplement along with the owner manual to learn
about the vehicle's features and controls.
iii
2 NOTES
iv
Section 1
Initial Drive Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hybrid Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hybrid Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Economy Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-4
1-4
1-4
In Brief
Automatic Engine Start/Stop Feature . . . . . . . . . . . .
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performance and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
1-5
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-6
1-1
Initial Drive Information
Transmission
Range Selection Mode
Press the plus/minus buttons, located on the steering
column shift lever, to select the desired range of gears
for current driving conditions. See Automatic
Transmission Operation in the owner manual.
Cruise control can be used while the vehicle is in Range
Selection Mode.
Four-Wheel Drive
If the vehicle has four-wheel drive, you can send the
engine's driving power to all four wheels for extra
traction. Read the following before using four-wheel
drive.
The Range Selection Mode switch is located on the
shift lever. To enable the Range Selection feature, move
the column shift lever to the M (Manual) position. The
current range will appear next to the M. This is the
highest attainable range with all lower gears accessible.
As an example, when 3 (Third) gear is selected, 1 (First)
through 3 (Third) gears are available.
1-2
Automatic Transfer Case
4 m (Four-Wheel Drive High): Use the four-wheel high
position when you need extra traction, such as on
snowy or icy roads or in most off-road situations.
4 n (Four-Wheel Drive Low) : This setting delivers
extra torque. You might choose Four-Wheel Drive Low if
you are driving off-road in deep sand, deep mud, deep
snow, and while climbing or descending steep hills.
N (Neutral) : Shift the vehicle's transfer case to
N (Neutral) only when towing the vehicle. See
Recreational Vehicle Towing or Towing Your Vehicle in
the index of the Owner Manual.
See Four-Wheel Drive on page 3‑9.
The transfer case knob is located to the left of the
instrument panel cluster. You can choose among
five driving settings:
2 m (Two-Wheel Drive High): This setting is used for
driving in most street and highway situations.
AUTO (Automatic Four-Wheel Drive) : This setting is
ideal for use when road surface traction conditions are
variable.
1-3
Hybrid Features
Fuel Economy Gage
Hybrid Safety Information
This vehicle has a standard 12-volt battery and a
high-voltage hybrid battery. Only a trained service
technician with the proper knowledge and tools should
inspect, test, or replace the hybrid battery. See your
dealer/retailer if the hybrid battery needs service.
The 12-volt battery cables, in the engine compartment,
are clearly labeled. In emergency situations, first
responders can cut those cables to disable the
high-voltage hybrid battery system.
United States
Canada
This gage shows when the vehicle is operating at a fuel
efficient point.
Driving behavior that improves fuel efficiency makes the
fuel indicator move to the high efficiency band on the
fuel gage.
See Fuel Economy Gage on page 4‑5 for more
information.
1-4
Automatic Engine Start/Stop Feature
Auto Start
Start the engine as you would any other engine. See
“Starting the Engine” in the owner manual for more
information on starting. The hybrid system provides very
quiet engine starting. If pulling a trailer with trailer
brakes, see Towing a Trailer on page 5‑8 for more
information.
The vehicle also has an Auto Start feature. The engine
will remain off while in Auto Stop mode until vehicle
conditions require the engine to run. The near-instant
starting of the engine from Auto Stop mode is called
Auto Start.
Auto Stop
EV Mode
The vehicle has an Auto Stop feature. After a
successful engine start, the engine may turn off and
operate in the Auto Stop mode.
The vehicle also has an EV mode which uses only the
electric motor to move the vehicle. With light
acceleration, the vehicle will drive in EV mode.
EV mode is unavailable when the vehicle is out of fuel.
Keep your foot firmly on the brake pedal until you are
ready for the vehicle to move.
See Starting the Vehicle in the Two‐Mode Hybrid
supplement to the owner manual.
Engine OFF and AUTO STOP modes are indicated on
the tachometer display. When the tachometer needle
indicates OFF, the engine is not running and will remain
off until the ignition key is placed in the START position
or a remote vehicle start is performed. When the
tachometer needle indicates AUTO STOP, the hybrid
system is on, the engine is not running, but may Auto
Start at any time without notice. See Tachometer on
page 4‑4 for more information.
Regenerative Braking
Regenerative braking enables the electric drive motor to
operate as a generator when coasting or braking.
Energy from the moving vehicle recharges the hybrid
battery.
The hydraulic disc brakes work with the regenerative
braking to insure effective braking.
A chime will sound if the driver door is opened while in
Auto Stop as a reminder that the ignition switch is not in
the LOCK/OFF position. Always turn the ignition switch
to LOCK/OFF and remove the key from the ignition
switch when exiting the vehicle.
1-5
The braking system is computer controlled and blends
the regenerative braking with the conventional hydraulic
disc brakes to meet any requirements for deceleration.
Because the controller applies the hydraulic brakes
through its high pressure accumulator, you may
occasionally hear the motor driven pump when it
recharges the system. This is normal. In the event of a
controller problem, the brake pedal may be harder to
push and the stopping distance may be longer.
Service
See Regenerative Braking, Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators and Driver Information Center (DIC) in the
owner manual.
Performance and Maintenance
Battery
This vehicle has a standard 12-volt battery and a
high-voltage hybrid battery. When a new standard
12-volt battery is needed, see your dealer/retailer for
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery's label.
Only a trained service technician with the proper
knowledge and tools should inspect, test, or replace the
hybrid battery. See your dealer/retailer if the hybrid
battery needs service. See Battery on page 6‑17.
1-6
Never try to do your own service on hybrid components.
You can be injured and the vehicle can be damaged if
you try to do your own service work. Service and repair
of these hybrid components should only be performed
by a trained service technician with the proper
knowledge and tools. See Doing Your Own Service
Work on page 6‑2.
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
This vehicle has a tire sealant and compressor kit which
can be used to seal small punctures in the tread area of
the tire.
See “Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit” for complete
operating information.
Section 2
Seats and Restraint System
Restraint System Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a
Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
2-1
Restraint System Check
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If an airbag inflates or the vehicle has been in a crash,
the vehicle's sensing system may command the
automatic hybrid battery disconnect to open. When the
battery disconnect is open, the hybrid battery will be off
and the vehicle will not start. The airbag readiness light
and/or SERVICE HYBRID SYSTEM warning message
may come on in the Driver Information Center (DIC).
2-2
See “Airbag Readiness Light” in the owner manual and
Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 4‑7 for more
information.
To operate the vehicle, the automatic hybrid battery
disconnect must be reconnected by a qualified service
technician and sensing system parts will need to be
replaced. Have the vehicle serviced right away.
Section 3
Features and Controls
Storage Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Outlet Alternating Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Transmission Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-5
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Shifting Into Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Engine Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Running the Vehicle While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
3-1
Storage Areas
Power Outlet Alternating Current
The vehicle may have a power outlet that can be used
to plug in electrical equipment that uses a maximum
limit of 150 watts.
The power outlet is
located in the rear cargo
area on the driver side.
The indicator light does not come on when the ignition
is in LOCK/OFF or if no equipment is plugged into the
outlet.
If equipment is connected using more than 150 watts,
or a system fault is detected, a protection circuit shuts
off the power supply and the indicator light turns off. To
reset the circuit, unplug the item and plug it back in or
turn the Retained Accessory Power (RAP) off and then
back on. The power restarts when equipment using
150 watts or less is plugged into the outlet and a
system fault is not detected.
The power outlet is not designed for the following
electrical equipment and may not work properly if these
items are plugged into the power outlet:
An indicator light on the outlet turns on to show it is in
use. The light comes on when the ignition is in ON/RUN
and equipment requiring less than 150 watts is plugged
into the outlet, and no system fault is detected.
3-2
.
Equipment with high initial peak wattage such as:
compressor-driven refrigerators and electric power
tools.
.
Other equipment requiring an extremely stable
power supply such as: microcomputer-controlled
electric blankets, touch sensor lamps, etc.
See High Voltage Devices and Wiring on page 6‑3.
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
Starting the Vehicle
Auto Stop
The vehicle has an Auto Stop feature. After a
successful engine start, the engine may turn off and
operate in the Auto Stop mode. Some of the vehicle
conditions that allow the engine to stop running and
enter the Auto Stop mode are:
{ WARNING:
.
Ignition switch is in the ON/RUN position.
.
The hood is closed.
Exiting the vehicle, without first shifting into
P (Park), may cause the vehicle to move, and you
or others can be seriously injured. Because the
vehicle has the Automatic Engine Start/Stop
feature, the vehicle’s engine might seem to be
shut off when you come to a complete stop.
However, once the brake pedal is released, the
vehicle can move. The vehicle’s engine can also
restart at any time.
.
The gear selector is in P (Park), R (Reverse),
N (Neutral) or D (Drive).
.
The hybrid battery is at an acceptable state of
charge.
.
The hybrid battery voltage, temperature or power
limits are not exceeded. In very hot conditions,
Auto Stop may be unavailable until the hybrid
battery has cooled.
.
The engine is at operating temperature.
.
The vehicle may enter Auto Stop after a remote
vehicle start.
Shift to P (Park) and turn the ignition to
LOCK/OFF, before exiting the vehicle.
Start the engine as you would any other engine. See
“Starting the Engine” in the owner manual for more
information on starting. If pulling a trailer with trailer
brakes, see Towing a Trailer on page 5‑8 for more
information.
3-3
If you are on an incline, the hybrid drive motor can help
keep the vehicle from rolling backwards, even if the
engine is in Auto Stop.
With your foot off the brake and the vehicle on level
ground, the hybrid drive motor may cause the vehicle to
roll slowly forward, even when the engine is in
Auto Stop.
Keep your foot firmly on the brake pedal until you are
ready for the vehicle to move.
Engine OFF and AUTO STOP modes are indicated on
the tachometer display. When the tachometer needle
indicates OFF, the engine is not running and will remain
off until the ignition key is placed in the START position
or a remote vehicle start is performed. When the
tachometer needle indicates AUTO STOP, the hybrid
system is on, the engine is not running, but may Auto
Start at any time without notice. See Tachometer on
page 4‑4 for more information.
A chime will sound if the driver door is opened while in
Auto Stop as a reminder that the ignition switch is not in
the LOCK/OFF position. Always turn the ignition switch
to LOCK/OFF and remove the key from the ignition
switch when exiting the vehicle.
3-4
Auto Start
The vehicle also has an Auto Start feature. The engine
will remain off while in Auto Stop mode until vehicle
conditions require the engine to run. The near-instant
starting of the engine from Auto Stop mode is called
Auto Start. Some of the vehicle conditions that may
cause the engine to Auto Start are:
.
The hood is opened.
.
The gear selector is in M (Manual Mode).
.
The hybrid battery state of charge is too low.
.
The hybrid battery voltage, temperature or power
limits are exceeded.
.
A remote vehicle start has been requested.
.
The engine is not at operating temperature.
.
Acceleration demands require the use of the
engine.
EV Mode
Automatic Transmission Operation
The vehicle also has an Electric Vehicle (EV) mode
which uses only the electric motor to move the vehicle.
With light acceleration, the vehicle will drive in
EV mode. EV mode is unavailable when the vehicle is
out of fuel.
The vehicle has an electronic shift position indicator
within the instrument panel cluster.
There are several different positions for the shift lever.
If increased acceleration is required, or the vehicle
reaches approximately 40 km/h (30 mph), the engine will
start automatically. The engine shuts off at speeds
below 40 km/h (25 mph) unless the transmission is in
M (Manual Mode) or Auto Stop is disabled.
During heavy acceleration, both the engine and
hybrid electric motors supply power. A sensation similar
to a transmission gear change can be felt as the
transmission changes modes. Engine RPM may remain
above 4,000 RPM for a longer period during hard
acceleration.
See “Range Selection Mode” later in this section.
P (Park) : This position locks the rear wheels. It is the
best position to use when you start the engine because
the vehicle cannot move easily.
3-5
When parked on a hill, especially when the vehicle has
a heavy load, you may notice an increase in the effort to
shift out of P (Park). See “Shifting Into P (Park)” in the
Index of vehicle's owner manual for more information.
{ WARNING:
It is dangerous to get out of the vehicle if the shift
lever is not fully in P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. The vehicle can roll.
Do not leave the vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure the
vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly
level ground, always set the parking brake and
move the shift lever to P (Park). See Shifting Into
Park in the Owner Manual. If you are pulling a
trailer, see Towing a Trailer on page 5‑8.
{ WARNING:
If you have Four-Wheel Drive, the vehicle will be
free to roll — even if the shift lever is in
P (Park) — if the transfer case is in Neutral. So, be
sure the transfer case is in a drive gear,
Two-Wheel Drive High or Four-Wheel Drive High
or Four-Wheel Drive Low — not in Neutral. See
“Shifting Into Park” in the Owner Manual.
R (Reverse) : Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to R (Reverse) while the vehicle is
moving forward could damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Shift to R (Reverse) only after the vehicle
is stopped.
To rock the vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice, or sand without damaging the transmission, see “If
Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow” in the
Index of the vehicle's owner manual.
N (Neutral) : In this position, the engine and
transmission are not connected with the wheels. To
restart the engine when the vehicle is already moving,
use N (Neutral) only.
3-6
{ WARNING:
Downshifting the transmission in slippery road
conditions could result in skidding. See “Skidding”
under “Loss of Control” in the owner manual for more
information.
Shifting into a drive gear while the engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless your
foot is firmly on the brake pedal, the vehicle could
move very rapidly. You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Do not shift into a drive gear
while the engine is running at high speed.
When temperatures are very cold, the transmission's
gear shifting may be delayed, providing more stable
shifts until the engine warms up. Shifts may be more
noticeable with a cold transmission. This difference in
shifting is normal.
Notice: Shifting out of P (Park) or N (Neutral) with
the engine running at high speed may damage the
transmission. The repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Be sure the engine is not
running at high speed when shifting the vehicle.
D (Drive) : This position is for normal driving. It provides
the best fuel economy. If you need more power for
passing, and you are:
.
Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
.
Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
D (Drive) or M (Manual Mode) can be used when towing
a trailer, carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills,
or for off-road driving. You may want to shift the
transmission to a lower gear selection if the
transmission shifts too often.
M (Manual Mode) : This position lets drivers select the
range of gears appropriate for current driving
conditions. If the vehicle has this feature, see “Range
Selection Mode” later in this section.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in
one place on a hill using only the accelerator pedal
may damage the transmission. The repair will not be
covered by the vehicle warranty. If you are stuck, do
not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill, use the
brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
The vehicle has a shift stabilization feature that adjusts
the transmission shifting to the current driving
conditions to reduce rapid upshifts and downshifts.
If the shift stabilization feature determines that a current
vehicle speed cannot be maintained, the transmission
does not upshift. In some cases, this may appear to be
a delayed shift, however the transmission is operating
normally.
3-7
Range Selection Mode
adjusts to driving conditions. When 3 (Third) is selected,
1 (First) through 3 (Third) gears are automatically shifted
by the vehicle, but 4 (Fourth) cannot be used until it is
selected.
The Range Selection Mode controls the vehicle and
engine speed while driving down a hill or towing a
trailer, by allowing you to select a desired range of
gears.
When you move the shift lever into M, the transmission
will default to M4. In this gear range, effective engine
braking occurs at speeds above 45 mph (72 km/h).
Pushing the minus (−) button on the shift lever reduces
the gear range.
In the M3 gear range, effective engine braking occurs at
speeds above 35 mph (56 km/h).
The Range Selection Mode controls the vehicle's
transmission.
In the M2 gear range, effective engine braking occurs at
speeds above 25 mph (40 km/h).
To use this feature:
In the M1 gear range, effective engine braking occurs at
speeds above 10 mph (16 km/h).
1. Move the shift lever to the M (Manual Mode).
2. Press the plus/minus button to upshift or downshift
selecting the desired range of gears.
A number displays next to the M, indicating the current
gear that has been selected. The number displayed in
the gear indicator is the highest gear that can be used.
The vehicle can automatically shift to lower gears as it
3-8
When operating in M (Manual Mode), Auto Stop is
disabled. For better vehicle efficiency, operate the
vehicle in D (Drive) not M (Manual Mode).
Cruise control can be used while using the Range
Selection Mode.
Four-Wheel Drive
Automatic Transfer Case
If the vehicle has four-wheel drive, you can send the
engine's driving power to all four wheels for extra
traction. Read the following before using four-wheel
drive.
The transfer case knob is
located to the left of the
instrument panel cluster.
Notice: Driving on clean, dry pavement in
Four-Wheel-Drive High or Four-Wheel-Drive Low for
an extended period of time may cause premature
wear on your vehicle's powertrain. Do not drive on
clean, dry pavement in Four-Wheel-Drive High or
Four-Wheel-Drive Low for extended periods of time.
While driving on clean dry pavement and during tight
turns, you may experience a vibration in the steering
system.
®
The vehicle has StabiliTrak . Shifting into
Four-Wheel-Drive Low will turn Traction Control and
StabiliTrak® off. See StabiliTrak® System in the index of
the Owner Manual for more information.
Front Axle
The front axle engages and disengages automatically
when you shift the transfer case. Some delay for the
axle to engage or disengage is normal.
Use this dial to shift into and out of four-wheel drive.
You can choose among five driving settings:
Indicator lights in the switches show you which setting
you are in. The indicator lights will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition and the last chosen setting will
stay on. If the lights do not come on, you should take
the vehicle to your dealer/retailer for service. An
indicator light will flash while shifting. It will stay on
when the shift is completed. If for some reason the
transfer case cannot make a requested shift, it will
return to the last chosen setting.
3-9
2 m (Two-Wheel Drive High): This setting is used for
driving in most street and highway situations. The front
axle is not engaged in two-wheel drive. This setting also
provides the best fuel economy.
AUTO (Automatic Four-Wheel Drive) : This setting is
ideal for use when road surface traction conditions are
variable. When driving your vehicle in AUTO, the front
axle is engaged, but the vehicle's power is primarily
sent to the rear wheels. When the vehicle's software
determines a need for more traction, the system will
transfer more power to the front wheels. Driving in this
mode results in slightly lower fuel economy than
Two-Wheel Drive High.
4 m (Four-Wheel Drive High): Use the four-wheel high
position when you need extra traction, such as on
snowy or icy roads or in most off-road situations. This
setting also engages the front axle to help drive the
vehicle. This is the best setting to use when
plowing snow.
4 n (Four-Wheel Drive Low) : This setting also
engages the front axle and delivers extra torque. You
may never need this setting. It sends maximum power
to all four wheels. You might choose Four-Wheel Drive
Low if you are driving off-road in deep sand, deep mud,
deep snow, and while climbing or descending steep
hills.
3-10
The vehicle has StabiliTrak®. Shifting into
Four-Wheel-Drive Low will turn Traction Control and
StabiliTrak® off. See StabiliTrak® System in the index of
the Owner Manual for more information.
{ WARNING:
Shifting the transfer case to N (Neutral) can cause
the vehicle to roll even if the transmission is in
P (Park). You or someone else could be seriously
injured. Be sure to set the parking brake before
placing the transfer case in N (Neutral). See
Parking Brake in the index of the Owner Manual
for more information.
N (Neutral) : Shift the vehicle's transfer case to
N (Neutral) only when towing the vehicle. See
Recreational Vehicle Towing or Towing Your Vehicle in
the index of the Owner Manual.
If the SERVICE 4 WHEEL DRIVE message stays on,
you should take the vehicle to your dealer/retailer for
service. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 4‑7 for more information.
Shifting Into Four-Wheel Drive High or
AUTO (Automatic Four-Wheel Drive)
Turn the knob to the Four-Wheel High or AUTO
position. This can be done at any speed, except when
shifting from Four-Wheel Drive Low. The indicator light
will flash while shifting. It will remain on when the shift is
completed.
Shifting Into Two-Wheel Drive High
Turn the knob to the Two-Wheel High position. This can
be done at any speed, except when shifting from
Four-Wheel Drive Low.
See “Shifting Out of Four-Wheel Drive Low” later in this
section for more information.
Shifting Into Four-Wheel Drive Low
When Four-Wheel Low is engaged, vehicle speed
should be kept below 45 mph (72 km/h). Extended
high-speed operation in 4L may damage or shorten the
life of the drivetrain.
To shift to the Four-Wheel Drive Low position, the
ignition must be in ON/RUN and the vehicle must be
stopped or moving less than 3 mph (5 km/h) with the
transmission in N (Neutral). The preferred method for
shifting into Four-Wheel Drive Low is to have the
vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Turn the
knob to the Four-Wheel Drive Low position. You must
wait for the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light to stop
flashing and remain on before shifting the transmission
into gear.
Notice: Shifting the transmission into gear before
the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light has
stopped flashing could damage the transfer case.
To help avoid damaging the vehicle, always wait for
the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light to stop
flashing before shifting the transmission into gear.
The vehicle may have significant engagement noise
and bump when shifting between Four-Wheel Drive Low
and Four-Wheel Drive High ranges or from N (Neutral)
while the engine is running.
If the knob is turned to the Four-Wheel Drive Low
position when the vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the
Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light will flash for
30 seconds and not complete the shift unless the
vehicle is moving less than 3 mph (5 km/h) and the
transmission is in N (Neutral). After 30 seconds the
transfer case will shift to Four-Wheel Drive High mode.
3-11
Shifting Out of Four-Wheel Drive Low
To shift from Four-Wheel Drive Low to Four-Wheel Drive
High, AUTO, or Two-Wheel Drive High, the vehicle must
be stopped or moving less than 3 mph (5 km/h) with the
transmission in N (Neutral) and the ignition in ON/RUN.
The preferred method for shifting out of Four-Wheel
Drive Low is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph
(1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Turn the knob to the Four-Wheel Drive
High, AUTO, or Two-Wheel Drive High position. You
must wait for the Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO,
or Two-Wheel Drive High indicator light to stop flashing
and remain on before shifting the transmission
into gear.
Notice: Shifting the transmission into gear before
the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light has
stopped flashing could damage the transfer case.
To help avoid damaging the vehicle, always wait for
the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light to stop
flashing before shifting the transmission into gear.
The vehicle may have significant engagement noise
and bump when shifting between Four-Wheel Drive Low
and Four-Wheel Drive High ranges or from N (Neutral)
while the engine is running.
3-12
If the knob is turned to the Four-Wheel Drive High,
AUTO, or Two-Wheel Drive High switch position when
the vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the Four-Wheel
Drive High, AUTO or Two-Wheel Drive High indicator
light will flash for 30 seconds but will not complete the
shift unless the vehicle is moving less than 3 mph
(5 km/h) and the transmission is in N (Neutral).
Shifting into Neutral
To shift the transfer case into N (Neutral):
1. Make sure the vehicle is parked so that it will
not roll.
2. Set the parking brake and apply the regular brake
pedal. See Parking Brake in the index of the
Owner Manual for more information.
3. Start the vehicle or turn the ignition to ON/RUN.
4. Put the transmission in N (Neutral).
5. Shift the transfer case to Two-Wheel Drive High.
6. Turn the transfer case dial clockwise to N (Neutral)
until it stops and hold it there until the N (Neutral)
light starts blinking. This will take at least
10 seconds. Then slowly release the dial to the
Four‐Wheel Drive Low position. The N (Neutral)
light will come on when the transfer case shift to
N (Neutral) is complete.
7. If the engine is running, verify that the transfer
case is in N (Neutral) by shifting the transmission
to R (Reverse) for one second, then shift the
transmission to D (Drive) for one second.
8. Turn the ignition to ACC/ACCESSORY, which will
turn the engine off.
9. Place the transmission shift lever in P (Park).
10. Release the parking brake prior to moving the
vehicle.
11. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
Shifting Out of Neutral
To shift the transfer case out of N (Neutral):
1. Set the parking brake and apply the regular brake
pedal.
2. Turn the ignition to ON/RUN with the engine off,
and shift the transmission to N (Neutral).
4. Release the parking brake prior to moving the
vehicle.
Notice: Shifting the transmission into gear before
the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light has
stopped flashing could damage the transfer case.
To help avoid damaging the vehicle, always wait for
the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light to stop
flashing before shifting the transmission into gear.
5. Start the engine and shift the transmission to the
desired position.
Excessively shifting the transfer case into or out of the
different modes may cause the transfer case to enter
the shift protection mode. This will protect the transfer
case from possible damage and will only allow the
transfer case to respond to one shift per 10 seconds.
The transfer case may stay in this mode for up to
three minutes.
3. Turn the transfer case dial to the desired transfer
case shift position (Two-Wheel Drive High,
Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO).
After the transfer case has shifted out of
N (Neutral), the N (Neutral) light will go out.
3-13
Shifting Into Park
{ WARNING:
It can be dangerous to get out of the vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in P (Park) with the parking
brake firmly set. The vehicle can roll. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be
sure the vehicle will not move, even when you are
on fairly level ground, use the steps that follow.
With four-wheel drive, if the transfer case is in
N (Neutral), the vehicle will be free to roll, even if
the shift lever is in P (Park). So, be sure the
transfer case is in a drive gear — not in
N (Neutral). If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing
a Trailer on page 5‑8.
1. Hold the brake pedal down, then set the parking
brake.
See Parking Brake in the index of the Owner
Manual for more information.
3-14
2. Move the shift lever into the P (Park) position by
pulling the shift lever toward you and moving it up
as far as it will go.
3. Be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear — not
in N (Neutral).
4. Turn the ignition key to LOCK/OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave the vehicle with the ignition key in your hand,
the vehicle is in P (Park).
Leaving the Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{ WARNING:
It can be dangerous to leave the vehicle with the
engine running. The vehicle could move suddenly
if the shift lever is not fully in P (Park) with the
parking brake firmly set.
If you have four-wheel drive and the transfer case
is in N (Neutral), the vehicle will be free to roll,
even if the shift lever is in P (Park). So be sure the
transfer case is in a drive gear — not in
N (Neutral).
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire. You
or others could be injured. Do not leave the
vehicle with the engine running unless you
have to.
If you have to leave the vehicle with the engine running,
be sure your vehicle is in P (Park) and the parking
brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you move
the shift lever into P (Park), hold the regular brake pedal
down. Then, see if you can move the shift lever away
from P (Park) without first pulling it toward you. If you
can, it means that the shift lever was not fully locked
into P (Park).
Torque Lock
If parking on a hill and the transmission not shifted into
P (Park) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too
much force on the parking pawl in the transmission. You
may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out of P (Park).
This is called torque lock. To prevent torque lock, set
the parking brake and then shift into P (Park) properly
before you leave the driver seat. To find out how, see
Shifting Into Park on page 3‑14.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
P (Park) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission,
then you will be able to pull the shift lever out of
P (Park).
3-15
Engine Coolant Heater
The engine coolant heater can provide easier starting
and better fuel economy during engine warm-up in cold
weather conditions at or below − 18°C (0°F). Vehicles
with an engine heater should be plugged in at least
four hours before starting. An internal thermostat in
the plug-end of the cord may exist which will prevent
engine coolant heater operation at temperatures
above −18°C (0°F).
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
cord is secured to a wiring harness between the
engine and the Hybrid Auxiliary Underhood Fuse
Block with a clip. Carefully remove the wire tie
which secures the electrical cord. Do not cut the
electrical cord.
3. Plug the cord into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC
outlet.
3-16
{ WARNING:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could
cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of
extension cord could overheat and cause a fire.
You could be seriously injured. Plug the cord into
a properly grounded three-prong 110-volt AC
outlet. If the cord will not reach, use a heavy-duty
three-prong extension cord rated for at least
15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away from
moving engine parts. If you do not, it could be
damaged.
The length of time the heater should remain plugged in
depends on several factors. Ask a dealer/retailer in the
area where you will be parking the vehicle for the best
advice on this.
Regenerative Braking
Running the Vehicle While Parked
Regenerative braking is a hybrid technology that
enables the electric drive motor to operate as a
generator when coasting or braking. Energy from the
moving vehicle recharges the hybrid battery.
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
The hydraulic disc brakes work with the regenerative
braking to insure effective braking, such as when a high
braking demand is requested.
The braking system is computer controlled and blends
the regenerative braking with the conventional hydraulic
disc brakes to meet any requirements for deceleration.
The controller interprets the braking request and uses
regenerative braking, conventional hydraulic braking or
a combination of both as necessary. Because the
controller applies the hydraulic brakes through its high
pressure accumulator, you may occasionally hear the
motor driven pump when it recharges the system. This
is normal.
In the event of a controller problem, the brake pedal
may be harder to push and the stopping distance may
be longer.
{ WARNING:
Exiting the vehicle, without first shifting into
P (Park), may cause the vehicle to move, and you
or others can be seriously injured. Because the
vehicle has the Automatic Engine Start/Stop
feature, the vehicle’s engine might seem to be
shut off when you come to a complete stop.
However, once the brake pedal is released, the
vehicle can move. The vehicle’s engine can also
restart at any time.
Shift to P (Park) and turn the ignition to
LOCK/OFF, before exiting the vehicle.
Follow the proper steps to be sure the vehicle will not
move. See “Shifting Into Park” in the owner manual for
more information.
If pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on page 5‑8 for
more information.
3-17
2 NOTES
3-18
Section 4
Climate Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Panel Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Economy Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Panel
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-4
4-5
4-6
Driver Information Center (DIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIC Warnings and Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio System(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Navigation/Radio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
4-7
4-9
4-9
4-1
Climate Controls
For more information on the vehicle's climate control
system, see “Climate Control System” in the owner
manual.
Electric Air Conditioning Compressor
This hybrid vehicle has a electrically powered air
conditioning compressor. This allows for continuous air
conditioning operation and passenger comfort, even
while the hybrid engine cycles on and off.
When operating the climate control system, select the
AUTO mode and the desired temperature setting. The
climate control system automatically adjusts the fan
speed and airflow direction. The climate control system
continues to adjust the climate control settings chosen
for best use of electrical power.
4-2
At mild temperatures, select a warmer air conditioner
temperature or turn the air conditioner off to get
maximum fuel economy. Continuous air conditioner use
can cause the vehicle to Auto Start more frequently.
During hot weather, driving with the windows closed and
the air conditioner set to Auto mode, will result in better
Hybrid system performance.
Some noise may be heard occasionally from the
compressor, especially when air conditioning use is
high and the engine has turned off.
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
Instrument Panel Cluster
United States version shown, Canada similar
4-3
Tachometer
Charging System Light
This 12 V battery light
comes on briefly when the
ignition is turned to
ON/RUN, but the engine
is not running, as a check
to show it is working.
United States Version
shown, Canada similar
When the gas engine is off and the key is in the
ON/RUN position, the tachometer indicates the state of
the vehicle:
.
AUTO STOP position indicates that the vehicle is
still able to move and the engine could restart, by
an Auto Start, at any time.
.
OFF position indicates that either the vehicle was
turned off or the engine has stalled.
When the engine is on, the tachometer indicates the
engine's revolutions per minute.
4-4
It should go out once the engine has been started. If it
stays on, or comes on while driving, there could be a
problem with the 12 V charging system. Have the
vehicle serviced by your dealer/retailer. A 12 V charging
system Driver Information Center (DIC) message may
also appear. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 4‑7 for more information. This light could indicate
that there are electrical problems. Have it checked right
away. If a short distance must be driven with the light
on, be certain to turn off all the accessories.
Fuel Economy Gage
There are three zones on the drive efficiency gage.
Green Zone : Fuel efficient driving behavior makes the
indicator display in the green zone on the gage.
White Zones : Decreased fuel efficiency driving
behavior makes the indicator display in the two white
zones. The indicator in the white zone on the left side of
the gage indicates decreased fuel efficiency with a large
amount of decelerations. The indicator in the white zone
on the right side of the gage indicates decreased fuel
efficiency with a large amount of accelerations.
United States
Canada
This gage displays how efficiently the vehicle is being
driven.
4-5
Oil Pressure Light
{ WARNING:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. The
engine can become so hot that it catches fire.
Someone could be burned. Check the oil as soon
as possible and have the vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance can
damage the engine. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty. Always follow the
maintenance schedule in this manual for changing
engine oil.
4-6
This light comes on
briefly as a check it
works, when the ignition is
in ON/RUN. If it does not,
have the vehicle serviced.
If the light comes on and stays on, it means that oil is
not flowing through the engine properly. The vehicle
could be low on oil and might have some other system
problem.
During an AUTO STOP there is zero oil pressure, but
this light will not come on.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
Trip/Fuel Menu Items
Press the trip/fuel button to display the Trip/Fuel Menu
items. For more items see “DIC Operation and
Displays” in the owner manual.
Instantaneous Fuel Economy (IFE)
This display normally shows instantaneous fuel
economy. When the vehicle is in Auto Stop mode AUTO
STOP or IFE = 99 MPG (l/00km) will be displayed. See
Starting the Vehicle on page 3‑3 for more information.
DIC Warnings and Messages
Warning messages are displayed on the DIC to notify
the driver that the status of the vehicle has changed
and that some action may be needed by the driver to
correct the condition. If there is more than one message
that needs to be displayed they will appear one after
another.
Some messages cannot be cleared from the DIC
display because they are more urgent. These
messages require action before they can be cleared.
You should take any messages that appear on the
display seriously and remember that clearing the
messages will only make the messages disappear, not
correct the problem.
For information on other DIC messages, see “DIC
Warnings and Messages” in the owner manual Index.
HOOD OPEN
If the hood is not fully closed or there is a problem with
the hood switch, this message will be displayed. Close
the hood to clear the message. If the HOOD OPEN
message continues to be displayed after verifying the
hood is closed, you should have the hood switch
serviced. Failure to service the hood switch properly
can result in an Auto Start condition.
Auto Stops will be disabled when this message is
displayed. If the vehicle is in auto stop mode when this
message appears, the engine will instantly start.
Some messages may not require immediate action, but
you can press any of the DIC buttons on the instrument
panel to acknowledge that you received the messages
and to clear them from the display.
4-7
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
If engine oil pressure is low, this message will be
displayed on the DIC. Stop the vehicle as soon as
safely possible and do not operate it until the cause of
the low oil pressure has been corrected. Check your oil
level as soon as possible and have your vehicle
serviced. See “Engine Oil” in the owner manual Index.
This message may be displayed if there is a problem
with the brake system. You will still be able to brake, but
it will be noticeably more difficult. Pull off the road to a
safe location and have your vehicle towed to the
nearest dealer/retailer for service. See “Brakes,” “Brake
System Warning Light,” and “ABS Brake System
Warning Light” in the owner manual Index.
SERVICE 4 WHEEL DRIVE
This message may display if a problem occurs with the
four-wheel-drive system. If this message appears, stop
as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle. Make sure
the key is in the LOCK/OFF position for at least
one minute and then restart the vehicle and check for
the message on the DIC display. If the message is still
displayed or appears again when you begin driving, the
four-wheel-drive system needs service. See your
dealer/retailer.
SERVICE BATTERY CHARGING
SYSTEM
If the 12V battery system faults or fails this message will
appear on the DIC. The battery/charging system light
will appear in the instrument panel cluster. See “Battery
Warning Light” in the owner manual Index. Driving with
this message on could drain the battery. Have the
electrical system checked as soon as possible.
4-8
This message may also come on when you are towing
a trailer. See “Trailer Brakes” under Towing a Trailer on
page 5‑8 for more information.
SERVICE HYBRID SYSTEM
If this message is displayed on the DIC, the vehicle may
continue to operate, but you need to have it serviced as
soon as possible.
SERVICE POWER STEERING
This message displays if a problem has been detected
with the electric power steering. Have the vehicle
serviced by your dealer/retailer immediately.
Audio System(s)
The screen shows:
.
Auto Stop
Navigation/Radio System
.
Battery Charging
The vehicle has a navigation radio system. See the
owner manual for more information.
.
Engine Idle
.
2‐Wheel and 4‐Wheel Drive Modes for:
‐ Engine Power
‐ Battery Power
‐ Hybrid Power
Press the CONFIG button on the radio to display the
hybrid screen.
4-9
2 NOTES
4-10
Section 5
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Electric Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recreational Vehicle Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
5-2
5-2
5-8
5-1
Your Driving, the Road, and the
Vehicle
Towing
Electric Power Steering
Consult your dealer/retailer or a professional towing
service if the disabled vehicle needs to be towed.
This vehicle has On-Demand Electric-Assist Power
Steering instead of conventional full-time hydraulic
power steering. It uses electricity supplied by the same
battery which is re-charged by the regenerative braking
system.
Because the system is On-Demand Electric-Assist,
energy is used only when the steering wheel is turned,
or when the steering gear is used to help isolate the
forces of rough roads. This system does not use power
steering fluid, making it maintenance-free.
5-2
Towing Your Vehicle
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing the vehicle
behind another vehicle – such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as dinghy towing and dolly towing.
Dinghy towing is towing the vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground. Dolly towing is towing the vehicle with
two wheels on the ground and two wheels up on a
device known as a dolly.
Here are some important things to consider before
recreational vehicle towing:
.
What is the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure to read the tow vehicle manufacturer's
recommendations.
.
What is the distance that will be travelled? Some
vehicles have restrictions on how far and how long
they can tow.
.
Is the proper towing equipment going to be used?
See your dealer/retailer or trailering professional
for additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
.
Is the vehicle ready to be towed? Just as preparing
the vehicle for a long trip, make sure the vehicle is
prepared to be towed. See “Before Leaving on a
Long Trip” in the owner manual index.
Dinghy Towing
Two-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
Notice: If the vehicle is towed with all four wheels
on the ground, the drivetrain components could be
damaged. The repairs would not be covered by the
vehicle warranty. Do not tow the vehicle with all four
wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel-drive vehicles should not be towed with all
four wheels on the ground. Two-wheel-drive
transmissions have no provisions for internal lubrication
while being towed.
5-3
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
{ WARNING:
Shifting a four-wheel-drive vehicle's transfer case
into N (Neutral) can cause the vehicle to roll even
if the transmission is in P (Park). The driver or
others could be injured. Make sure the parking
brake is firmly set before the transfer case is
shifted to N (Neutral).
4. Shift the transfer case to N (Neutral). See “Shifting
into N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel Drive on
page 3‑9 for the proper procedure to select the
Neutral position for the vehicle.
Use the following procedure to dinghy tow a
four-wheel-drive vehicle:
1. Position the vehicle being towed behind the tow
vehicle and shift the transmission to P (Park).
2. Turn the engine off and firmly set the parking
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the owner manual
index.
3. Securely attach the vehicle being towed to the tow
vehicle.
5-4
5. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle
being towed is firmly attached to the towing
vehicle.
6. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF and remove the
key — the steering wheel will still turn.
Dolly Towing
Front Towing (Front Wheels Off the
Ground)
Two-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
Two-wheel-drive vehicles should not be towed with the
rear wheels on the ground. Two-wheel-drive
transmissions have no provisions for internal lubrication
while being towed.
To dolly tow a two‐wheel‐drive vehicle, the vehicle must
be towed with the rear wheels on the dolly. See “Rear
Towing (Rear Wheels Off the Ground)” later in this
section for more information.
Notice: If a two-wheel-drive vehicle is towed with
the rear wheels on the ground, the transmission
could be damaged. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty. Never tow the
vehicle with the rear wheels on the ground.
5-5
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
{ WARNING:
Shifting a four-wheel-drive vehicle's transfer case
into N (Neutral) can cause the vehicle to roll even
if the transmission is in P (Park). The driver or
others could be injured. Make sure the parking
brake is firmly set before the transfer case is
shifted to N (Neutral).
5. Shift the transfer case to N (Neutral). See “Shifting
into N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel Drive on
page 3‑9.
6. Secure the vehicle to the dolly following the
manufacturer's instructions.
Use the following procedure to dolly tow a
four-wheel-drive vehicle from the front:
1. Attach the dolly to the tow vehicle following the
dolly manufacturer's instructions.
2. Drive the front wheels onto the dolly.
3. Shift the transmission to P (Park).
4. Firmly set the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the owner manual index.
5-6
7. Release the parking brake only after the vehicle
being towed is firmly attached to the towing
vehicle.
8. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
After towing, see “Shifting Out of N (Neutral)” under
Four-Wheel Drive on page 3‑9.
Rear Towing (Rear Wheels Off the
Ground)
4. Put the transmission in P (Park).
5. Secure the vehicle to the dolly following the
manufacturer's instructions.
6. Use an adequate clamping device designed for
towing to ensure that the front wheels are locked
into the straight position.
7. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
Four‐Wheel‐Drive Vehicles
Use the following procedure to dolly tow a
four-wheel-drive vehicle from the rear:
1. Attach the dolly to the tow vehicle following the
dolly manufacturer's instructions.
2. Drive the rear wheels onto the dolly.
3. Firmly set the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the owner manual index.
Two‐Wheel‐Drive Vehicles
Use the following procedure to dolly tow a
two-wheel-drive vehicle from the rear:
4. Put the transmission in P (Park).
5. Secure the vehicle to the dolly following the
manufacturer's instructions.
1. Attach the dolly to the tow vehicle following the
dolly manufacturer's instructions.
2. Drive the rear wheels onto the dolly.
3. Firmly set the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the owner manual index.
5-7
6. Use an adequate clamping device designed for
towing to ensure that the front wheels are locked
into the straight position.
{ WARNING:
Towing a Trailer
For more information, see “Towing a Trailer” in the
owner manual Index.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
Shifting a four-wheel-drive vehicle's transfer case
into N (Neutral) can cause the vehicle to roll even
if the transmission is in P (Park). The driver or
others could be injured. Make sure the parking
brake is firmly set before the transfer case is
shifted to N (Neutral).
It depends on how the rig is used. For example, speed,
altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how
much the vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
important. It can depend on any special equipment on
the vehicle, and the amount of tongue weight the
vehicle can carry.
7. Shift the transfer case to N (Neutral). See “Shifting
into N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel Drive on
page 3‑9
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming only the
driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all the required
trailering equipment. The weight of additional optional
equipment, passengers and cargo in the tow vehicle
must be subtracted from the maximum trailer weight.
8. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
After towing, see “Shifting Out of N (Neutral)” under
Four-Wheel Drive on page 3‑9.
5-8
Use the following charts to determine how much the
vehicle can weigh, based upon the vehicle model and
options.
Vehicle
Axle Ratio
Maximum Trailer Weight
GCWR*
2WD 6.0 L V8
3.08
5,800 lbs (2 631 kg)
12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)
4WD 6.0 L V8
3.08
5,600 lbs (2 540 kg)
12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)
*The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is the total allowable weight of the completely loaded vehicle and
trailer including any passengers, cargo, equipment and conversions. The GCWR for the vehicle should not be
exceeded.
Trailer Brakes
If a trailer is being towed that has trailer brakes and the
trailer brakes are manually applied while driving slower
than 25 mph (40 km/h), the vehicle may go into auto
stop mode even if the brakes are not being pressed.
Using the trailer brake system manually can make the
hybrid vehicle perform as if the brake pedal in the
vehicle is being pressed. The trailer brake operation
check will still work. If the trailer brakes are manually
applied for an extended period of time, the SERVICE
BRAKE SYSTEM DIC message comes on. The
message goes off after the trailer brakes have been
released. No other action is necessary. For more
information, see “Trailer Brakes” in the Index of the
vehicle's owner manual.
5-9
2 NOTES
5-10
Section 6
Service and Appearance Care
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Doing Your Own Service Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Checking Things Under the Hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
High Voltage Devices and Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Engine Compartment Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Automatic Transmission Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM)
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM)
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
High Voltage Devices and Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Fuses and Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-24
Underhood Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inflation - Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Pressure Monitor Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If a Tire Goes Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit (Without
Selector Switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit (With Selector
Switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit Storage . . . . . .
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-26
6-26
6-28
6-31
6-32
6-33
6-43
6-53
6-54
6-54
6-55
6-1
Service
{ WARNING:
Doing Your Own Service Work
{ WARNING:
Never try to do your own service on hybrid
components. You can be injured and the vehicle
can be damaged if you try to do your own service
work. Service and repair of these hybrid
components should only be performed by a
trained service technician with the proper
knowledge and tools.
6-2
You can be injured and the vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a vehicle
without knowing enough about it.
.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts, and
tools before attempting any vehicle
maintenance task.
.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts, and
other fasteners. English and metric fasteners
can be easily confused. If the wrong fasteners
are used, parts can later break or fall off. You
could be hurt.
If doing some of your own service work, use the proper
service manual. It tells you much more about how to
service the vehicle than this manual can. To order the
proper service manual, see “Service Publications
Ordering Information” in the owner manual.
This vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your
Airbag‐Equipped Vehicle” in the owner manual.
Keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage
and the date of any service work performed. See
“Maintenance Record” in the owner manual.
Checking Things Under
the Hood
High Voltage Devices and Wiring
{ WARNING:
Exposure to high voltage can cause shock, burns,
and even death. The high voltage systems in your
vehicle can only be serviced by technicians with
special training.
High voltage devices are identified by labels. Do
not remove, open, take apart, or modify these
devices. High voltage cable or wiring has orange
covering. Do not probe, tamper with, cut,
or modify high voltage cable or wiring.
6-3
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on your vehicle, you will see:
6-4
A. See “Engine Air Cleaner/Filter” in the owner
manual.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
B. Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM).
See Drive Motor/Generator Control Module
(DMCM) Cooling System on page 6‑9.
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transmission Fluid
C. Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Engine Oil” in the owner
manual.
D. See Automatic Transmission Fluid on page 6‑5.
E. Brake Fluid Reservoir. See “Brakes” in the owner
manual.
F. See “Underhood Fuse Block” in the owner manual.
G. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the owner
manual.
H. Hybrid Auxiliary Fuse Block. See Underhood Fuse
Block on page 6‑25.
I. DMCM Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap. See
Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM)
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 6‑8.
J. Engine Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap. See
“Cooling System” in the owner manual.
K. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “Engine Oil” in the owner
manual.
It is usually not necessary to check the transmission
fluid level. The only reason for fluid loss is a
transmission leak or overheating the transmission.
If you suspect a small leak, then use the following
checking procedures to check the fluid level. However,
if there is a large leak, then it may be necessary to have
the vehicle towed to a dealer/retailer service department
and have it repaired before driving the vehicle further.
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic transmission
fluid may damage the vehicle, and the damages may
not be covered by the vehicle's warranty. Always
use the automatic transmission fluid listed in
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 7‑2.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in the
Maintenance Schedule. See Scheduled Maintenance in
the owner manual. Be sure to use the transmission fluid
listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 7‑2.
6-5
How to Check Automatic Transmission
Fluid
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transmission. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts or
exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid
could cause the transmission to overheat. Be sure
to get an accurate reading if you check your
transmission fluid.
Before checking the fluid level, prepare the vehicle as
follows:
1. Start the engine and park the vehicle on a level
surface. Keep the engine running.
2. Apply the parking brake and place the shift lever in
P (Park).
3. With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, move the shift
lever back to P (Park).
4. Allow the engine to idle (500 – 800 RPM) for at
least one minute. Slowly release the brake pedal.
5. Keep the engine running and press the Trip/Fuel
button or trip odometer reset stem until TRANS
TEMP (Transmission Temperature) displays on the
Driver Information Center (DIC).
6-6
6. Using the TRANS TEMP reading, determine and
perform the appropriate check procedure. If the
TRANS TEMP reading is not within the required
temperature ranges, allow the vehicle to cool,
or operate the vehicle until the appropriate
transmission fluid temperature is reached.
Cold Check Procedure
Use this procedure only as a reference to determine if
the transmission has enough fluid to be operated safely
until a hot check procedure can be made. The hot
check procedure is the most accurate method to check
the fluid level. Perform the hot check procedure at the
first opportunity. Use this cold check procedure to check
fluid level when the transmission temperature is
between 24°C and 34°C (75°F and 93°F).
1. Locate the
transmission dipstick at
the rear of the engine
compartment, on the
passenger side of the
vehicle.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 6‑4
for more information.
2. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it back in all the way,
wait three seconds, and then pull it back out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick and read the lower
level. Repeat the check procedure to verify the
reading.
Hot Check Procedure
Use this procedure to check the transmission fluid level
when the transmission fluid temperature is between
60°C and 75°C (140°F and 167°F).
The hot check is the most accurate method to check the
fluid level. The hot check should be performed at the
first opportunity in order to verify the cold check. The
fluid level rises as fluid temperature increases, so it is
important to ensure the transmission temperature is
within range.
1. Locate the
transmission dipstick at
the rear of the engine
compartment, on the
passenger side of the
vehicle.
5. If the fluid level is below the COLD check band,
add only enough fluid as necessary to bring the
level into the COLD band. It does not take much
fluid, generally less than 0.5 Liter (1 Pint). Do not
overfill.
6. Perform a hot check at the first opportunity after
the transmission reaches a normal operating
temperature between 60°C and 75°C
(140°F and 167°F).
7. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push
the dipstick back in all the way.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 6‑4
for more information.
2. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it back in all the way,
wait three seconds, and then pull it back out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick and read the lower
level. Repeat the check procedure to verify the
reading.
6-7
Consistency of Readings
Always check the fluid level at least twice using the
procedure described previously. Consistency
(repeatable readings) is important to maintaining proper
fluid level. If readings are still inconsistent, contact your
dealer/retailer.
Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap
5. Safe operating level is within the HOT cross hatch
band on the dipstick. If the fluid level is not within
the HOT band, and the transmission temperature
is between 60°C and 75°C (140°F and 167°F), add
or drain fluid as necessary to bring the level into
the HOT band. If the fluid level is low, add only
enough fluid to bring the level into the HOT band.
It does not take much fluid, generally less than
0.5 Liter (1 Pint). Do not overfill.
6. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push
the dipstick back in all the way.
6-8
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 6‑4
for more information on
location.
The Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM)
coolant surge tank pressure cap must be fully installed
on the hybrid coolant surge tank.
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is what
you will see:
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible damage to the Drive
Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM) may occur.
Be sure the cap is properly and tightly secured.
Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) Cooling System
In addition to the regular cooling system, the vehicle
also has a cooling system for the DMCM system. This
system is serviced differently than the vehicle's main
cooling system. The DMCM cooling system includes the
DMCM coolant surge tank, DMCM surge tank pressure
cap, DMCM cooling pumps, hybrid cooling radiator and
the Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM).
The DMCM cooling system uses a 50/50 pre-mixed
DEX-COOL™ coolant and deionized water available at
your dealer/retailer. See “Engine Coolant” and “Cooling
System” in the owner manual for more information.
A. Drive Motor/
Generator Control
Module (DMCM)
B. Engine Coolant Surge
Tank Pressure Cap
D. DMCM Cooling Hoses
(Out of View)
E. DMCM Coolant
Tank Pressure Cap
C. DMCM Coolant Surge
Tank/Engine Coolant
Surge Tank
6-9
If the coolant inside the DMCM coolant surge tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
The coolant level should be at or above the FULL
COLD mark with the vehicle parked on a level surface.
If it is not, there might be a leak at the DMCM cooler
core, DMCM pressure cap, DMCM cooler hoses,
DMCM cooling pump or somewhere else in the DMCM
cooling system.
Notice: Running the engine when there is a leak in
the hybrid cooling system can cause the hybrid
cooling system to lose all coolant and can damage
the system. Get any leak fixed before you drive the
vehicle or run the engine.
6-10
How to Add Coolant to the DMCM
Coolant Surge Tank
If no problem has been found yet, check to see if
coolant is visible in the DMCM coolant surge tank.
If coolant is visible, add pre‐mixed DEX-COOL™
coolant, available at your dealer/retailer, at the DMCM
coolant surge tank, but be sure the DMCM cooling
system, including the DMCM coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you do it. Use the
procedure following.
{ WARNING:
{ WARNING:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the coolant surge
tank pressure cap — even a little — they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system
and coolant surge tank pressure cap to cool if you
ever have to turn the pressure cap.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough.
Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
Notice: Using coolant other than a pre‐mixed
DEX-COOL, available at your dealer/retailer, may
damage your vehicle. Any repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Always use a pre‐mixed
DEX-COOL (silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
If the DMCM coolant is empty , the vehicle must be
serviced by your dealer and a special fill procedure
must be followed.
Notice: Attempting to fill the DMCM cooling surge
tank yourself when the fluid level is empty can
damage your vehicle. Your vehicle must be
serviced.
6-11
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and turn the
vehicle off. Remove the DMCM coolant surge tank
pressure cap when the DMCM cooling system,
including the DMCM coolant surge tank pressure
cap and DMCM cooling hoses, are no longer hot.
Turn the DMCM coolant surge tank pressure cap
slowly counterclockwise (left) about one full turn.
Wait 30 seconds.
2. Then keep turning the DMCM coolant surge tank
pressure cap slowly, and remove it.
3. Add the pre‐mixed DEX‐COOL™, available at your
dealer/retailer, to the DMCM coolant surge tank
until the level reaches the FULL COLD mark.
4. Turn the ignition to ON/RUN without starting the
engine. The hybrid cooling pumps will run and any
trapped air will purge to the surge tank.
5. Add the pre‐mixed DEX‐COOL™, available at your
dealer/retailer, until the coolant level is maintained
at the FULL COLD mark. This should take no
longer than two minutes of hybrid cooling pump
operation.
6-12
If the level cannot be kept at the FULL COLD level,
your vehicle may need service. See your
dealer/retailer.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
6. Then replace the
DMCM coolant surge
tank pressure cap. Be
sure the pressure cap
is hand-tight and fully
seated.
Notice: Using tap water, cooling system sealers or
conditioners in an attempt to stop coolant leaks can
damage the DMCM and engine cooling systems.
Never use tap water, cooling system sealers or
conditioners in your cooling system.
Power Steering Fluid
The vehicle has electric power steering and does not
use power steering fluid.
The brake master cylinder
reservoir is filled with
DOT 3 brake fluid. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 6‑4
for the location of the
reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down:
.
The brake fluid level goes down because of normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are installed,
the fluid level goes back up.
.
A fluid leak in the brake hydraulic system can also
cause a low fluid level. Have the brake hydraulic
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner or
later the brakes will not work well.
6-13
Do not top off the brake fluid. Adding fluid does not
correct a leak. If fluid is added when the linings are
worn, there will be too much fluid when new brake
linings are installed. Add or remove brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
Checking Brake Fluid
Check brake fluid by looking at the brake fluid reservoir.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 6‑4.
{ WARNING:
If too much brake fluid is added, it can spill on the
engine and burn, if the engine is hot enough. You
or others could be burned, and the vehicle could
be damaged. Add brake fluid only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system. See
“Checking Brake Fluid” in this section.
When the brake fluid falls to a low level, the brake
warning light comes on. See “Brake System Warning
Light” in the owner manual.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to check the brake fluid. See “Scheduled Maintenance”
in the owner manual.
With the engine not running for at least one minute, the
maximum fluid level (A) is at the top of the reservoir
body. With the engine running, the fluid level should be
in the proper operating range (B) between the MIN and
MAX marks. If it is not, have the brake hydraulic system
checked to see if there is a leak.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system, make
sure the level, with the engine running, is in the proper
operating range (B) between the MIN and MAX marks.
6-14
What to Add
Use only new DOT 3 brake fluid from a sealed
container. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the owner manual.
Notice:
.
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake hydraulic system parts. For example,
just a few drops of mineral-based oil, such
as engine oil, in the brake hydraulic system
can damage brake hydraulic system parts so
badly that they will have to be replaced. Do
not let someone put in the wrong kind of
fluid.
.
If brake fluid is spilled on the vehicle's
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on the vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Washing Your Vehicle” in
the owner manual.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This helps keep dirt
from entering the reservoir.
{ WARNING:
With the wrong kind of fluid in the brake hydraulic
system, the brakes might not work well. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
6-15
Brake Wear
This vehicle has disc brakes. Disc brake pads have
built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake pads are worn and new
pads are needed. The sound can come and go or be
heard all the time the vehicle is moving, except when
applying the brake pedal firmly.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer/retailer if the brake pedal does not
return to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign that brake service
might be required.
{ WARNING:
Brake Adjustment
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
the brakes will not work well. That could lead to
an accident. When the brake wear warning sound
is heard, have the vehicle serviced.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates can cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
the brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to torque specifications in
“Capacities and Specifications” in the owner manual.
6-16
Every time the brakes are applied, the disc brakes
adjust for wear.
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. The vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality brake parts.
When parts of the braking system are replaced — for
example, when the brake linings wear down and new
ones are installed — be sure to get new approved
replacement parts. If this is not done, the brakes might
not work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for the vehicle, the balance
between the front and rear brakes can change — for the
worse. The braking performance expected can change
in many other ways if the wrong replacement brake
parts are installed.
Battery
This vehicle has a standard 12‐volt battery and a
high‐voltage hybrid battery.
Refer to the replacement number on the original battery
label when a new standard 12‐volt battery is needed.
Only a trained service technician with the proper
knowledge and tools should inspect, test, or
replace the hybrid battery. See your dealer/retailer
if the hybrid battery needs service. The dealer/
retailer has information on how to recycle the hybrid
battery. There is also information available at
http://www.recyclemybattery.com.
If an airbag inflates or the vehicle has been in a crash,
the vehicle's sensing system might command the
automatic hybrid battery disconnect to open. See
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash on
page 2‑2 for more information.
{ DANGER:
Vehicle Storage
{ WARNING:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you are
not careful. See Jump Starting on page 6‑18 for
tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Infrequent Usage: Remove the 12‐volt battery black,
negative (−) cable from the battery to keep the battery
from running down.
Extended Storage: Remove the 12‐volt battery black,
negative (−) cable from the battery or use a battery
trickle charger.
Remember to reconnect the battery when ready to drive
the vehicle.
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer
and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
6-17
Jump Starting
{ WARNING:
Personal injury, death, or damage to the vehicle
can result if you try jump starting or using a
battery charger on the high voltage hybrid battery.
Use only the 12-volt battery for jump starting and
charging.
If the vehicle's 12‐volt battery has run down, you may
want to use another vehicle and some jumper cables to
start your vehicle. Use the following steps to do it safely.
{ WARNING:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
.
They contain acid that can burn you.
.
They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
.
They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
6-18
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to the vehicle that would not be covered by
the warranty.
Trying to start the vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage the vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12‐volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle's system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper
cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not
touching each other. It could cause a ground
connection you do not want. You would not be able
to start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Put the automatic
transmission in P (Park) or a manual transmission
in N (Neutral) before setting the parking brake.
If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure the
transfer case is in a drive gear, not in N (Neutral).
Notice: If you leave the radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered by
the warranty. Always turn off the radio and other
accessories when jump starting the vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the
cigarette lighter or the accessory power outlets.
Turn off the radio and all the lamps that are not
needed.
This avoids sparks and helps save both batteries.
It could save the radio!
4. Open the hood on the other vehicle and locate the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminal locations on
that vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) and a
remote negative (−) jump starting terminal. You
should always use these remote terminals instead
of the terminals on the battery.
If the vehicle has a remote positive (+), it is located
under a red plastic cover at the positive battery
post. To uncover the remote positive (+) terminal,
open the red plastic cover.
5. The remote negative (−) is a solid engine ground.
6-19
{ WARNING:
WARNING: (Continued)
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do not
need to add water to the battery installed in your
new vehicle. But if a battery has filler caps, be
sure the right amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that first. If you do not,
explosive gas could be present.
{ WARNING:
Using an open flame near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been hurt
doing this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
(Continued)
6-20
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. Do
not get it on you. If you accidentally get it in your
eyes or on your skin, flush the place with water
and get medical help immediately.
{ WARNING:
7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the vehicle with the dead
battery. Use a remote positive (+) if the vehicle
has one.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
8. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect it to
the positive (+) terminal of the good battery. Use a
remote positive (+) if the vehicle has one.
6. Check that the jumper cables do not have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) goes to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or a solid
engine ground.
9. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal of the good battery. Use a
remote negative (−) if the vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until the
next step. The other end of the negative (−) cable
does not go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to the remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you
will get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts too. Do not connect the
negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6-21
10. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable to
the remote negative (−) terminal, on the vehicle
with the dead battery.
Jumper Cable Removal
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
12. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it will not start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting may
occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle warranty. Always
connect and remove the jumper cables in the
correct order, making sure that the cables do not
touch each other or other metal.
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (−) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
6-22
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles:
How to Check Lubricant
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the bad battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to its
original position.
Four-Wheel Drive
Lubricant checks in this section also apply to these
vehicles. There are two additional systems that need
lubrication.
Active Transfer Case
A. Fill Plug
Transfer Case
B. Drain Plug
When to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
It is not necessary to regularly check transfer case fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak, or you hear an
unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a problem.
Have it inspected and repaired.
If the level is below the bottom of the fill plug hole, you
will need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the fill plug hole. Use
care not to overtighten the plug.
6-23
When to Change Lubricant
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to change the lubricant. See “Scheduled
Maintenance” in the owner manual.
The wiring circuits in the vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links. This greatly reduces the
chance of fires caused by electrical problems.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the owner manual.
Electrical System
High Voltage Devices and Wiring
{ WARNING:
Exposure to high voltage can cause shock, burns,
and even death. The high voltage systems in your
vehicle can only be serviced by technicians with
special training.
High voltage devices are identified by labels. Do
not remove, open, take apart, or modify these
devices. High voltage cable or wiring has orange
covering. Do not probe, tamper with, cut,
or modify high voltage cable or wiring.
6-24
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new one of the
identical size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and do not have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the
same amperage. Just pick some feature of the vehicle
that you can get along without, like the radio or cigarette
lighter, and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
The vehicle also has a special fuse in the battery box
for the 300-volt batteries. If this fuse has failed and
needs to be replaced, the vehicle will be disabled and
you will need to have the vehicle repaired by your
dealer/retailer. Do not attempt to self-service this fuse.
Underhood Fuse Block
Hybrid Auxiliary Underhood Fuse Block
The hybrid underhood fuse block is located in the
engine compartment near the front of the vehicle. Lift
the cover for access to the fuse/relay block. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 6‑4 for more
information on its location. For more information on the
main underhood fuse block, see “Underhood Fuse
Block” in the owner manual.
Fuses
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Usage
ACPO
BECM FAN
ACCM
CAB HTR PMP
EMPTY
COOL PUMP
EPS
Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module 1
Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module 2
BECM
6-25
J‐Case
FAN 1
CAB HTR PMP
Usage
Cooling Fan 1
Auxiliary Transmission
Fluid Pump
Cooling Fan 2
Cab Heater Pump
Relays
FAN LOW
FAN MID 1
FAN HI
FAN MID 2
FAN CNTRL
Usage
Cooling Fan Low Speed Relay
Cooling Fan Mid 1
Cooling Fan High Speed Relay
Cooling Fan Mid 2
Cooling Fan Control
TRANS PUMP
FAN 2
Tires
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to operate
effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under‐inflation or over‐inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under‐inflation), you can get the following:
.
Too much flexing
.
Too much heat
.
Tire overloading
.
Premature or irregular wear
.
Poor handling
.
Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over‐inflation),
you can get the following:
6-26
.
Unusual wear
.
Poor handling
.
Rough ride
.
Needless damage from road hazards
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information label is
attached to your vehicle. This label shows your
vehicle's original equipment tires and the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they are cold.
The recommended cold tire inflation pressure, shown
on the label, is the minimum amount of air pressure
needed to support your vehicle's maximum load
carrying capacity.
For additional information regarding how much weight
your vehicle can carry, and an example of the Tire and
Loading Information label, see “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index of the owner manual. How you load your
vehicle affects vehicle handling and ride comfort. Never
load your vehicle with more weight than it was designed
to carry.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are properly
inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they're underinflated.
Check the tire's inflation pressure when the tires are
cold. Cold means your vehicle has been sitting for at
least three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the tire and loading
information label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
6-27
Tire Pressure Monitor Operation
This vehicle may have a Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS). The TPMS is designed to warn the driver when
a low tire pressure condition exists. TPMS sensors are
mounted onto each tire and wheel assembly. The TPMS
sensors monitor the air pressure in the vehicle's tires
and transmit the tire pressure readings to a receiver
located in the vehicle.
When a low tire pressure
condition is detected, the
TPMS will illuminate the
low tire pressure warning
symbol located on the
instrument panel cluster.
At the same time a message to check the pressure in a
specific tire appears on the Driver Information Center
(DIC) display. The low tire pressure warning light and
the DIC warning message come on at each ignition
cycle until the tires are inflated to the correct inflation
pressure. Using the DIC, tire pressure levels can be
viewed by the driver. For additional information and
details about the DIC operation and displays see DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 4‑7. Also, see “DIC
Operation and Displays” in the Index of the owner
manual for more information.
6-28
The low tire pressure warning light may come on in cool
weather when the vehicle is first started, and then turn
off as you start to drive. This could be an early indicator
that the air pressure in the tire(s) are getting low and
need to be inflated to the proper pressure.
A Tire and Loading Information label, attached to your
vehicle, shows the size of your vehicle's original
equipment tires and the correct inflation pressure for
your vehicle's tires when they are cold. See “Loading
Your Vehicle” for an example of the Tire and Loading
Information label and its location on your vehicle. Also
see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 6‑26.
Your vehicle's TPMS can warn you about a low tire
pressure condition but it does not replace normal tire
maintenance. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” and
“Tires” in the Index of the owner manual for more
information.
Notice: Using non‐approved tire sealants could
damage the Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
sensors. TPMS sensor damage caused by using an
incorrect tire sealant is not covered by the vehicle
warranty. Always use the GM approved tire sealant
available through your dealer/retailer.
Your vehicle, when new, included a factory‐installed Tire
Sealant and Compressor Kit. This kit uses a GM
approved liquid tire sealant. See Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit (Without Selector Switch) on page 6‑43
or Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit (With Selector
Switch) on page 6‑43.
.
One or more TPMS sensors are missing or
damaged. The DIC message and the TPMS
malfunction light should go off when the TPMS
sensors are installed and the sensor matching
process is performed successfully. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
.
Replacement tires or wheels do not match your
vehicle's original equipment tires or wheels. Tires
and wheels other than those recommended for
your vehicle could prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. See “Buying New Tires” in the
Index of the owner manual.
.
Operating electronic devices or being near facilities
using radio wave frequencies similar to the TPMS
could cause the TPMS sensors to malfunction.
TPMS Malfunction Light and Message
The TPMS will not function properly if one or more of
the TPMS sensors are missing or inoperable. When the
system detects a malfunction, the low tire warning light
flashes for about one minute and then stays on for the
remainder of the ignition cycle. A DIC warning message
is also displayed. The low tire warning light and DIC
warning message come on at each ignition cycle until
the problem is corrected. Some of the conditions that
can cause the malfunction light and DIC message to
come on are:
.
The TPMS sensor matching process was started
but not completed or not completed successfully
after rotating the vehicle's tires. The DIC message
and TPMS malfunction light should go off once the
TPMS sensor matching process is performed
successfully. See “TPMS Sensor Matching
Process” later in this section.
If the TPMS is not functioning it cannot detect or signal
a low tire condition. See your dealer/retailer for service
if the TPMS malfunction light and DIC message comes
on and stays on.
6-29
TPMS Sensor Matching Process
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification code.
Any time you rotate your vehicle's tires or replace one
or more of the TPMS sensors, the identification codes
will need to be matched to the new tire/wheel position.
The sensors are matched to the tire/wheel positions in
the following order: driver side front tire, passenger
side front tire, passenger side rear tire, and driver side
rear tire using a TPMS diagnostic tool. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
The TPMS sensors can also be matched to each
tire/wheel position by increasing or decreasing the tire's
air pressure. If increasing the tire's air pressure, do not
exceed the maximum inflation pressure indicated on the
tire's sidewall.
To decrease air-pressure out of a tire you can use the
pointed end of the valve cap, a pencil-style air pressure
gage, or a key.
6-30
You have two minutes to match the first tire/wheel
position, and five minutes overall to match all four
tire/wheel positions. If it takes longer than two minutes,
to match the first tire and wheel, or more than
five minutes to match all four tire and wheel positions
the matching process stops and you need to start over.
The TPMS sensor matching process is outlined below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to ON/RUN with the
engine off.
3. Press Q and K on the Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter at the same time for
approximately five seconds. The horn sounds twice
to signal the receiver is in relearn mode and TIRE
LEARNING ACTIVE message displays on the DIC
screen.
4. Start with the driver side front tire.
5. Remove the valve cap from the valve cap stem.
Activate the TPMS sensor by increasing or
decreasing the tire's air pressure for five seconds,
or until a horn chirp sounds. The horn chirp, which
may take up to 30 seconds to sound, confirms that
the sensor identification code has been matched to
this tire and wheel position.
6. Proceed to the passenger side front tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 5.
7. Proceed to the passenger side rear tire, and repeat
the procedure in Step 5.
8. Proceed to the driver side rear tire, and repeat the
procedure in Step 5. The horn sounds two times to
indicate the sensor identification code has been
matched to the driver side rear tire, and the TPMS
sensor matching process is no longer active. The
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE message on the DIC
display screen goes off.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See “When It Is
Time for New Tires” and “Wheel Replacement” in the
Index of the owner manual for more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance” in the Index of the owner manual.
9. Turn the ignition switch to LOCK/OFF.
10. Set all four tires to the recommended air pressure
level as indicated on the Tire and Loading
Information label.
11. Put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
6-31
If a Tire Goes Flat
The vehicle has a tire sealant and compressor kit. See
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit (Without Selector
Switch) on page 6‑33 or Tire Sealant and Compressor
Kit (With Selector Switch) on page 6‑43. There is no
spare tire, no tire changing equipment, and no place to
store a tire.
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
It is unusual for a tire to blow out while you are driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. See “Tires”
in the Index of the owner manual. If air goes out of a
tire, it is much more likely to leak out slowly. But, if you
should ever have a blow out, here are a few tips about
what to expect and what to do:
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire and
Loading Information label. See “Loading Your Vehicle”
in the Index of the owner manual for an example of the
label and its location on your vehicle.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that pulls
the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) sensors will
need to be reset after a tire rotation. See “TPMS Sensor
Identification Codes” under “Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation”.
A rear blow out, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you would
use in a skid. In any rear blow out, remove your foot
from the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under
control by steering the way you want the vehicle to go.
It may be very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer.
Gently brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index of the owner manual.
6-32
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place and stopping. Then
do this:
1. Turn on the hazard warning flashers. See “Hazard
Warning Flashers” in the Index of the owner
manual.
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
(Without Selector Switch)
System Identification
2. Park the vehicle. Set the parking brake firmly and
put the shift lever in P (Park).
3. Turn off the engine.
4. Inspect the flat tire.
If the tire has been separated from the wheel, has
damaged sidewalls, or has a puncture larger than a
¼ inch (6 mm), the tire is too severely damaged for the
tire sealant and compressor kit to be effective. See
“Roadside Service” in the Index of the owner manual.
If the tire has a puncture less than a ¼ inch (6 mm) in
the tread area of the tire, see Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit (Without Selector Switch) on
page 6‑33 or Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
(With Selector Switch) on page 6‑43.
If the vehicle has the tire sealant and compressor kit
shown above, see the operating instructions that follow.
6-33
{ WARNING:
Idling a vehicle in an enclosed area with poor
ventilation is dangerous. Engine exhaust may
enter the vehicle. Engine exhaust contains
Carbon Monoxide (CO) which cannot be seen or
smelled. It can cause unconsciousness and even
death. Never run the engine in an enclosed area
that has no fresh air ventilation. For more
information, see ”Engine Exhaust” in the owner
manual.
If the vehicle has the tire sealant and compressor kit
shown above, follow the operating instructions under
“Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit (With Selector
Switch).”
6-34
{ WARNING:
Over-inflating a tire could cause the tire to rupture
and you or others could be injured. Be sure to
read and follow the tire sealant and compressor
kit instructions and inflate the tire to its
recommended pressure. Do not exceed the
recommended pressure.
The kit includes:
{ WARNING:
Storing the tire sealant and compressor kit or
other equipment in the passenger compartment of
the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop or
collision, loose equipment could strike someone.
Store the tire sealant and compressor kit in its
original location.
If this vehicle has a tire sealant and compressor kit,
there may not be a spare tire, tire changing equipment,
and on some vehicles there may not be a place to store
a tire.
The tire sealant and compressor can be used to
temporarily seal punctures up to ¼ inch (6 mm) in the
tread area of the tire. It can also be used to inflate an
under inflated tire.
If the tire has been separated from the wheel, has
damaged sidewalls, or has a large puncture, the tire is
too severely damaged for the tire sealant and
compressor kit to be effective. See “Roadside
Assistance Program” in the owner manual.
A. Air Compressor
E. Pressure Gage
B. Tire Sealant Canister
F. Air Only Hose (Black)
C. Power Plug
G. Sealant/Air Hose
(Clear)
D. On/Off Button
Read and follow all of the tire sealant and compressor
kit instructions.
6-35
Tire Sealant
Read and follow the safe handling instructions on the
label adhered to the sealant canister.
Check the tire sealant expiration date on the sealant
canister. The sealant canister should be replaced before
its expiration date. Replacement sealant canisters are
available at your local dealer/retailer. See “Removal and
Installation of the Sealant Canister” following.
Using the Tire Sealant and Compressor
Kit to Temporarily Seal and Inflate a
Punctured Tire
Follow the directions closely for correct sealant usage.
There is only enough sealant to seal one tire. After
usage, the sealant canister and sealant/air hose
assembly must be replaced. See “Removal and
Installation of the Sealant Canister” following.
When using the tire sealant and compressor kit
during cold temperatures, warm the kit in a heated
environment for 5 minutes. This will help to inflate the
tire faster.
6-36
Always do a safety check first. See If a Tire Goes Flat
on page 6‑32.
If the vehicle has an accessory power outlet, do
not use the cigarette lighter.
1. Remove the tire sealant and compressor kit from
its storage location. See Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit Storage on page 6‑53.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette lighter, use the
cigarette lighter.
Make sure the on/off button (D) is in the
off (O) position.
2. Unwrap the sealant/air hose (F) and the power
plug (C).
3. Place the kit on the ground.
Make sure the tire valve stem is positioned close to
the ground so the hose will reach it.
4. Remove the valve stem cap from the flat tire by
turning it counterclockwise.
5. Attach the sealant/air hose (F) onto the tire valve
stem. Turn it clockwise until it is tight.
6. Plug the power plug (C) into the accessory power
outlet in the vehicle. Unplug all items from other
accessory power outlets. See “Accessory Power
Outlet(s) in the owner manual.”
Do not pinch the power plug cord in the door or
window.
7. Start the vehicle. The vehicle must be running
while using the air compressor.
8. Press the on/off (D) button to turn the tire sealant
and compressor kit on.
The compressor will inject sealant and air into
the tire.
The pressure gage (E) will initially show a high
pressure while the compressor pushes the sealant
into the tire. Once the sealant is completely
dispersed into the tire, the pressure will quickly
drop and start to rise again as the tire inflates with
air only.
6-37
9. Inflate the tire to the recommended inflation
pressure using the pressure gage (E). The
recommended inflation pressure can be found on
the Tire and Loading Information label. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 6‑26.
The pressure gage (E) may read higher than the
actual tire pressure while the compressor is on.
Turn the compressor off to get an accurate
pressure reading. The compressor may be turned
on/off until the correct pressure is reached.
Notice: If the recommended pressure cannot be
reached after approximately 25 minutes, the vehicle
should not be driven farther. The tire is too severely
damaged and the tire sealant and compressor kit
cannot inflate the tire. Remove the power plug from
the accessory power outlet and unscrew the
inflating hose from the tire valve. See “Roadside
Assistance Program” in the owner manual.
10. Press the on/off button (D) to turn the tire sealant
and compressor kit off.
The tire is not sealed and will continue to
leak air until the vehicle is driven and the
sealant is distributed in the tire, therefore,
Steps 11 through 17 must be done immediately
after Step 10.
Be careful while handling the tire sealant and
compressor kit as it could be warm after usage.
6-38
11. Unplug the power plug (C) from the accessory
power outlet in the vehicle.
12. Turn the sealant/air hose (F) counterclockwise to
remove it from the tire valve stem.
13. Replace the tire valve stem cap.
14. Replace the sealant/air hose (F), and the power
plug (C) back in their original location.
15. If the flat tire was
able to inflate to the
recommended inflation
pressure, remove the
maximum speed label
from the sealant
canister (B) and place
it in a highly visible
location.
The label is a reminder not to exceed 55 mph
(90 km/h) until the damaged tire is repaired or
replaced.
16. Return the equipment to its original storage
location in the vehicle.
19. Wipe off any sealant from the wheel, tire or
vehicle.
17. Immediately drive the vehicle 5 miles (8 km) to
distribute the sealant in the tire.
20. Dispose of the used sealant canister (B) and
sealant/air hose (F) assembly at a local
dealer/retailer or in accordance with local state
codes and practices.
18. Stop at a safe location and check the tire pressure.
Refer to Steps 1 through 11 under “Using the Tire
Sealant and Compressor Kit without Sealant to
Inflate a Tire (Not Punctured).”
If the tire pressure has fallen more than 10 psi
(68 kPa) below the recommended inflation
pressure, stop driving the vehicle. The tire is too
severely damaged and the tire sealant cannot seal
the tire. See “Roadside Assistance Program” in the
owner manual.
21. Replace it with a new canister available from your
dealer/retailer.
22. After temporarily sealing a tire using the tire
sealant and compressor kit, take the vehicle to an
authorized dealer/retailer within a 100 miles
(161 km) of driving to have the tire repaired or
replaced.
If the tire pressure has not dropped more than
10 psi (68 kPa) from the recommended inflation
pressure, inflate the tire to the recommended
inflation pressure.
6-39
Using the Tire Sealant and Compressor
Kit without Sealant to Inflate a Tire
(Not Punctured)
2. Unlock the air only hose (F) from the sealant
canister (B) by pulling up on the lever.
To use the air compressor to inflate a tire with air only
and not sealant:
4. Remove the power plug (C) from the air
compressor (A).
3. Pull the air only hose (F) from the sealant
canister (B).
5. Place the kit on the ground.
Make sure the tire valve stem is positioned close to
the ground so the hose will reach it.
6. Remove the tire valve stem cap by turning it
counterclockwise.
7. Attach the air only hose (F) onto the tire valve stem
and press the lever down to secure it.
Always do a safety check first. See If a Tire Goes Flat
on page 6‑32.
1. Remove the tire sealant and compressor kit from
its storage location. See Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit Storage on page 6‑53.
6-40
8. Plug the power plug (C) into the accessory power
outlet in the vehicle. Unplug all items from other
accessory power outlets. See “Accessory Power
Outlet(s) in the owner manual.”
If the vehicle has an accessory power outlet, do
not use the cigarette lighter.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette lighter, use the
cigarette lighter.
Do not pinch the power plug cord in the door or
window.
9. Start the vehicle. The vehicle must be running
while using the air compressor.
10. Press the on/off (D) button to turn the
compressor on.
The compressor will inflate the tire with air only.
11. Inflate the tire to the recommended inflation
pressure using the pressure gage (E). The
recommended inflation pressure can be found on
the Tire and Loading Information label. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 6‑26.
The pressure gage (E) may read higher than the
actual tire pressure while the compressor is on.
Turn the compressor off to get an accurate
reading. The compressor may be turned on/off until
the correct pressure is reached.
12. Press the on/off button (D) to turn the tire sealant
and compressor kit off.
Be careful while handling the tire sealant and
compressor kit as it could be warm after usage.
13. Unplug the power plug (C) from the accessory
power outlet in the vehicle.
14. Disconnect the air only hose (C) from the tire valve
stem, by turning it counterclockwise, and replace
the tire valve stem cap.
15. Replace the air only hose (F) and the power
plug (C) back in its original location.
16. Place the equipment in the original storage location
in the vehicle.
6-41
Removal and Installation of the Sealant
Canister
To remove the sealant canister:
1. Unlock the air only hose (F) from the sealant
canister (B) by pulling up on the lever.
2. Pull the air only hose (F) from the sealant
canister (B).
3. Unwrap the sealant/air hose (F) from the
compressor (A).
6-42
4. Turn the sealant canister (B) so the inflator filling
hose is aligned with the slot in the compressor.
5. Lift the sealant canister (B) from the compressor
and replace with a new sealant canister. See your
dealer/retailer for more information.
To install a new sealant canister:
1. Align the sealant/air hose (F) with the slot in the air
compressor.
2. Push the sealant canister (B) down and turn it
clockwise.
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
(With Selector Switch)
System Identification
3. Wrap the sealant/air hose (F) around the air
compressor channel to stow it in its original
location.
4. Push the air compressor inflator hose (F) onto the
sealant canister inlet and push the lever down.
If the vehicle has the tire sealant and compressor kit
shown above, see the operating instructions that follow.
6-43
{ WARNING:
Idling a vehicle in an enclosed area with poor
ventilation is dangerous. Engine exhaust may
enter the vehicle. Engine exhaust contains
Carbon Monoxide (CO) which cannot be seen or
smelled. It can cause unconsciousness and even
death. Never run the engine in an enclosed area
that has no fresh air ventilation. For more
information, see ”Engine Exhaust” in the owner
manual.
If the vehicle has the tire sealant and compressor kit
shown above, follow the operating instructions under
“Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit (Without Selector
Switch).”
6-44
{ WARNING:
Over-inflating a tire could cause the tire to rupture
and you or others could be injured. Be sure to
read and follow the tire sealant and compressor
kit instructions and inflate the tire to its
recommended pressure. Do not exceed the
recommended pressure.
The kit includes:
{ WARNING:
Storing the tire sealant and compressor kit or
other equipment in the passenger compartment of
the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop or
collision, loose equipment could strike someone.
Store the tire sealant and compressor kit in its
original location.
If this vehicle has a tire sealant and compressor kit,
there may not be a spare tire, tire changing equipment,
and on some vehicles there may not be a place to store
a tire.
The tire sealant and compressor can be used to
temporarily seal punctures up to ¼ inch (6 mm) in the
tread area of the tire. It can also be used to inflate an
under inflated tire.
If the tire has been separated from the wheel, has
damaged sidewalls, or has a large puncture, the tire is
too severely damaged for the tire sealant and
compressor kit to be effective. See “Roadside
Assistance Program” in the owner manual.
A. Selector Switch
(Sealant/Air or Air Only)
F. Sealant/Air Hose
(Clear)
B. On/Off Button
C. Pressure Gage
G. Air Only Hose
(Black)
D. Pressure Deflation Button
H. Power Plug
E. Tire Sealant
Canister
Read and follow all of the tire sealant and compressor
kit instructions.
6-45
Tire Sealant
Read and follow the safe handling instructions on the
label adhered to the sealant canister.
Check the tire sealant expiration date on the sealant
canister. The sealant canister should be replaced before
its expiration date. Replacement sealant canisters are
available at your local dealer/retailer. See “Removal and
Installation of the Sealant Canister” following.
Using the Tire Sealant and Compressor
Kit to Temporarily Seal and Inflate a
Punctured Tire
Follow the directions closely for correct sealant usage.
There is only enough sealant to seal one tire. After
usage, the sealant canister and sealant/air hose
assembly must be replaced. See “Removal and
Installation of the Sealant Canister” following.
When using the tire sealant and compressor kit
during cold temperatures, warm the kit in a heated
environment for 5 minutes. This will help to inflate the
tire faster.
6-46
Always do a safety check first. See If a Tire Goes Flat
on page 6‑32. Do not remove any objects that have
penetrated the tire.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette lighter, use the
cigarette lighter.
Do not pinch the power plug cord in the door or
window.
1. Remove the tire sealant and compressor kit from
its storage location. See Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit Storage on page 6‑53.
7. Start the vehicle. The vehicle must be running
while using the air compressor.
2. Unwrap the sealant/air hose (F) and the power
plug (H).
8. Turn the selector switch (A) counterclockwise to
the Sealant + Air position.
3. Place the kit on the ground.
9. Press the on/off (B) button to turn the tire sealant
and compressor kit on.
4. Remove the valve stem cap from the flat tire by
turning it counterclockwise.
5. Attach the sealant/air hose (F) onto the tire valve
stem. Turn it clockwise until it is tight.
6. Plug the power plug (H) into the accessory power
outlet in the vehicle. Unplug all items from other
accessory power outlets. See “Accessory Power
Outlet(s) in the owner manual.”
If the vehicle has an accessory power outlet, do
not use the cigarette lighter.
The compressor will inject sealant and air into
the tire.
The pressure gage (C) will initially show a high
pressure while the compressor pushes the sealant
into the tire. Once the sealant is completely
dispersed into the tire, the pressure will quickly
drop and start to rise again as the tire inflates with
air only.
6-47
10. Inflate the tire to the recommended inflation
pressure using the pressure gage (C). The
recommended inflation pressure can be found on
the Tire and Loading Information label. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 6‑26.
The pressure gage (C) may read higher than the
actual tire pressure while the compressor is on.
Turn the compressor off to get an accurate
pressure reading. The compressor may be turned
on/off until the correct pressure is reached.
Notice: If the recommended pressure cannot be
reached after approximately 25 minutes, the vehicle
should not be driven farther. The tire is too severely
damaged and the tire sealant and compressor kit
cannot inflate the tire. Remove the power plug from
the accessory power outlet and unscrew the
inflating hose from the tire valve. See “Roadside
Assistance Program” in the owner manual.
11. Press the on/off button (B) to turn the tire sealant
and compressor kit off.
The tire is not sealed and will continue to
leak air until the vehicle is driven and the
sealant is distributed in the tire, therefore,
Steps 12 through 18 must be done immediately
after Step 11.
Be careful while handling the tire sealant and
compressor kit as it could be warm after usage.
6-48
12. Unplug the power plug (H) from the accessory
power outlet in the vehicle.
13. Turn the sealant/air hose (F) counterclockwise to
remove it from the tire valve stem.
14. Replace the tire valve stem cap.
15. Replace the sealant/air hose (F), and the power
plug (H) back in their original location.
16. If the flat tire was able
to inflate to the
recommended inflation
pressure, remove the
maximum speed label
from the sealant
canister (E) and place
it in a highly visible
location.
The label is a reminder not to exceed 55 mph
(90 km/h) until the damaged tire is repaired or
replaced.
17. Return the equipment to its original storage
location in the vehicle.
20. Wipe off any sealant from the wheel, tire, and
vehicle.
18. Immediately drive the vehicle 5 miles (8 km) to
distribute the sealant in the tire.
21. Dispose of the used sealant canister (E) and
sealant/air hose (F) assembly at a local
dealer/retailer or in accordance with local state
codes and practices.
19. Stop at a safe location and check the tire pressure.
Refer to Steps 1 through 11 under “Using the Tire
Sealant and Compressor Kit without Sealant to
Inflate a Tire (Not Punctured).”
If the tire pressure has fallen more than
10 psi (68 kPa) below the recommended inflation
pressure, stop driving the vehicle. The tire is too
severely damaged and the tire sealant cannot seal
the tire. See “Roadside Assistance Program” in the
owner manual.
22. Replace it with a new canister available from your
dealer/retailer.
23. After temporarily sealing a tire using the tire
sealant and compressor kit, take the vehicle to an
authorized dealer/retailer within a 100 miles
(161 km) of driving to have the tire repaired or
replaced.
If the tire pressure has not dropped more than
10 psi (68 kPa) from the recommended inflation
pressure, inflate the tire to the recommended
inflation pressure.
6-49
Using the Tire Sealant and Compressor
Kit without Sealant to Inflate a Tire
(Not Punctured)
To use the air compressor to inflate a tire with air only
and not sealant:
2. Unwrap the air only hose (G) and the power
plug (H).
3. Place the kit on the ground.
4. Remove the tire valve stem cap from the flat tire by
turning it counterclockwise.
5. Attach the air only hose (G) onto the tire valve
stem by turning it clockwise until it is tight.
6. Plug the power plug (H) into the accessory power
outlet in the vehicle. Unplug all items from other
accessory power outlets. See “Accessory Power
Outlet(s) in the owner manual.”
If the vehicle has an accessory power outlet, do
not use the cigarette lighter.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette lighter, use the
cigarette lighter.
Do not pinch the power plug cord in the door or
window.
Always do a safety check first. See If a Tire Goes Flat
on page 6‑32.
1. Remove the tire sealant and compressor kit from
its storage location. See Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit Storage on page 6‑53.
6-50
7. Start the vehicle. The vehicle must be running
while using the air compressor.
8. Turn the selector switch (A) clockwise to the Air
Only position.
9. Press the on/off (B) button to turn the
compressor on.
The compressor will inflate the tire with air only.
10. Inflate the tire to the recommended inflation
pressure using the pressure gage (C). The
recommended inflation pressure can be found on
the Tire and Loading Information label. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 6‑26.
The pressure gage (C) may read higher than the
actual tire pressure while the compressor is on.
Turn the compressor off to get an accurate
reading. The compressor may be turned on/off until
the correct pressure is reached.
11. Press the on/off button (B) to turn the tire sealant
and compressor kit off.
Be careful while handling the tire sealant and
compressor kit as it could be warm after usage.
12. Unplug the power plug (H) from the accessory
power outlet in the vehicle.
13. Disconnect the air only hose (G) from the tire valve
stem, by turning it counterclockwise, and replace
the tire valve stem cap.
14. Replace the air only hose (G) and the power
plug (H) and cord back in its original location.
15. Place the equipment in the original storage location
in the vehicle.
If you inflate the tire higher than the recommended
pressure you can adjust the excess pressure by
pressing the pressure deflation button (D) until the
proper pressure reading is reached. This option is
only functional when using the air only hose (G).
6-51
Removal and Installation of the Sealant
Canister
To remove the sealant canister:
1. Unwrap the sealant hose.
2. Press the canister
release button.
The tire sealant and compressor kit has an accessory
adapter located in a compartment on the bottom of its
housing that may be used to inflate air mattresses,
balls, etc.
3. Pull up and remove the canister.
4. Replace with a new canister which is available
from your dealer/retailer.
5. Push the new canister into place.
6-52
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
Storage
The tire sealant and compressor kit is located under the
storage tray on the driver side trim panel (over the rear
wheelhouse).
To access the tire sealant and compressor kit:
2. Locate the tire sealant and compressor kit.
3. Remove the sealant and compressor kit without a
selector switch by pulling the velcro strip up
and back.
1. Remove the tray by pulling up on the finger
depression to access the tire sealant and
compressor kit.
6-53
Appearance Care
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
When scraping the windshield glass to remove ice and
snow, stay clear of the hybrid decal.
To have the hybrid decals removed from the vehicle,
please see your dealer/retailer.
Remove the sealant and compressor kit with a
selector switch by lifting upward on the yellow tab
to release the unit.
4. Remove the sealant and compressor kit from its
plastic tray assembly.
To store the tire sealant and compressor kit, reverse the
steps.
6-54
Capacities and Specifications
Capacities
Application
Automatic Transmission* (Pan Removal and Filter
Replacement)
English
Metric
11.5 qt
10.9 L
Cooling System
Drive Motor Generator Control Module Cooling System
2.9 qt
2.7 L
6.0L V8 Engine Cooling System
18.3 qt
17.3 L
24.5 gal
92.7 L
Fuel Tank
*Transmission fluid capacity is approximate. See Automatic Transmission Fluid o n p a g e 6 ‑ 5 for information on
checking fluid level.
All capacities are approximate. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Engine Specifications
Engine
6.0L V8
VIN Code
J
Transmission
Automatic
Spark Plug Gap
0.040 in (1.02 mm)
6-55
2 NOTES
6-56
Section 7
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
At Least Once a Year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Drive Belt Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-1
Maintenance Schedule
At Least Once a Year
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
Check the sealant expiration date printed on the
instruction label of the Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit
at least once a year. See your dealer/retailer for a
replacement canister.
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids identified below are specific to the hybrid vehicle
and can be obtained from your dealer/retailer. See the
owner manual for the other fluids and lubricants
recommended for the vehicle.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Always use the pre-mixed
Drive Motor/
50/50 mixture of de‐ionized water and
Generator
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant
Control Module available at your dealer/retailer. See
(DMCM) Cooling Drive Motor/Generator Control Module
System
(DMCM) Cooling System o n
page 6‑9.
7-2
Engine Drive Belt Routing
A
D
Alternating Current
Power Outlet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Audio System(s)
Navigation/Radio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Automatic Transmission, Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-5
Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM)
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-8
Drive Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM)
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Driver Information Center (DIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-7
Warnings and Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
B
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Belt Routing, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
C
Canadian Owners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-4
Climate Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
Compressor Kit, Tire Sealant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33, 6-43
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap, (DMCM) . . . . . . . . .6-8
Cooling System, (DMCM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
E
Engine
Compartment Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Drive Belt Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Engine Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
F
Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Fluid
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-8, 6-23
Fuel Economy Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-5
i-1
G
J
Gages
Fuel Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
H
High Voltage Devices and Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
L
Lights
Charging System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
I
M
Inflation - Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Instrument Panel Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Maintenance Schedule
At Least Once a Year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Manual, How to Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
i-2
N
R
Navigation/Radio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
Radios
Navigation/Radio System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-2
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Restraint System Check
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash . . . 2-2
Running the Vehicle While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
O
Oil
Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Owners, Canadian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
P
Power
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Power Outlet Alternating Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
S
Sealant Kit, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33, 6-43
Service
Doing Your Own Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Specifications and Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Starting Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Steering
Fluid, Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Storing the Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit . . . . . . 6-53
i-3
T
V
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-4
Tires
If a Tire Goes Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-32
Inflation, Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-31
Sealant and Compressor Kit . . . . . . . . . . 6-33, 6-43, 6-53
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Transmission, Automatic Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-5
Vehicle
Running While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Voltage Devices, and Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
i-4
W
Wiring, High Voltage Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3