Specifications | Cadillac 2009 DTS Automobile User Manual

2009 Cadillac DTS Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint System ............................. 1-1
Head Restraints ......................................... 1-2
Front Seats ............................................... 1-3
Rear Seats .............................................. 1-10
Safety Belts ............................................. 1-12
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-33
Airbag System
......................................... 1-55
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-70
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-3
Doors and Locks ...................................... 2-10
Windows ................................................. 2-15
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-20
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-24
Mirrors .................................................... 2-38
Object Detection Systems .......................... 2-42
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-51
Universal Home Remote System
................ 2-55
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-62
Sunroof
.................................................. 2-64
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-40
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators
........ 3-50
M
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-67
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-95
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and the Vehicle
....... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-26
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-5
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
Headlamp Aiming ..................................... 5-43
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-46
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-46
Tires
...................................................... 5-48
Appearance Care
..................................... 5-86
Vehicle Identification
................................. 5-94
Electrical System ...................................... 5-94
Capacities and Specifications
................... 5-103
Maintenance Schedule ..................................... 6-1
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance Information .................... 7-1
Customer Assistance and Information
........... 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-15
Vehicle Data Recording and Privacy
........... 7-17
Index ................................................................ 1
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be obtained
from your dealer/retailer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
1-800-551-4123
www.helminc.com
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, CADILLAC,
the CADILLAC Crest & Wreath, and the name DTS are
registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
Propriétaires Canadiens
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. GM reserves the right to make changes
after that time without notice. For vehicles first sold
in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors
of Canada Limited” for Cadillac Motor Car Division
wherever it appears in this manual.
On peut obtenir un exemplaire de ce guide en français
auprès de concessionnaire ou à l’adresse suivante:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
1-800-551-4123
www.helminc.com
This manual describes features that may or may not be
on your specific vehicle.
Index
Read this manual from beginning to end to learn about
the vehicle’s features and controls. Pictures, symbols,
and words work together to explain vehicle operation.
To quickly locate information about the vehicle, use the
index in the back of the manual. It is an alphabetical
list of what is in the manual and the page number where
it can be found.
Keep this manual in the vehicle for quick reference.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25793159 B Second Printing
ii
©
2008 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
A circle with a slash
through it is a safety
symbol which means
“Do Not,” “Do not do this,”
or “Do not let this happen.”
A notice tells about something that can damage the
vehicle.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
Many times, this damage would not be covered by the
vehicle’s warranty, and it could be costly. The notice
tells what to do to help avoid the damage.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle which use
the same words, CAUTION or Notice.
A box with the word CAUTION is used to tell about
things that could hurt you or others if you were to ignore
the warning.
{ CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
Cautions tell what the hazard is and what to do to avoid
or reduce the hazard. Read these cautions.
Vehicle Symbols
The vehicle has components and labels that use symbols
instead of text. Symbols are shown along with the text
describing the operation or information relating to a
specific component, control, message, gage, or indicator.
M : This symbol is shown when you need to see your
owner manual for additional instructions or information.
*:
This symbol is shown when you need to see a
service manual for additional instructions or information.
iii
Vehicle Symbol Chart
+:
Here are some additional symbols that may be found on
the vehicle and what they mean. For more information
on the symbol, refer to the index.
i:
9:
Airbag Readiness Light
#:
Air Conditioning
!:
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
g:
Audio Steering Wheel Controls or OnStar®
$:
Brake System Warning Light
":
I:
j:
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
LATCH System Child Restraints
*:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
::
Oil Pressure
g:
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors
}:
Power
/:
Remote Vehicle Start
>:
Safety Belt Reminders
7:
Tire Pressure Monitor
F:
Traction Control
Charging System
Cruise Control
B:
Engine Coolant Temperature
O:
Exterior Lamps
#:
Fog Lamps
.:
Fuel Gage
iv
Fuses
M:
Windshield Washer Fluid
Section 1
Seats and Restraint System
Head Restraints ...............................................1-2
Front Seats ......................................................1-3
Power Seats ..................................................1-3
Power Lumbar ...............................................1-4
Massaging Lumbar .........................................1-4
Heated and Cooled Seats ................................1-5
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel .........1-6
Power Reclining Seatbacks ..............................1-8
Center Seat .................................................1-10
Rear Seats .....................................................1-10
Heated Seats ...............................................1-10
Rear Seat Pass-Through Door ........................1-11
Power Lumbar ..............................................1-11
Safety Belts ...................................................1-12
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................1-12
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-17
Lap-Shoulder Belt .........................................1-26
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-31
Lap Belt ......................................................1-31
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-32
Child Restraints .............................................1-33
Older Children ..............................................1-33
Infants and Young Children ............................1-36
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-39
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-42
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH) ......................................1-43
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ....................................1-49
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position ..........................1-51
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ............................1-52
Airbag System ...............................................1-55
Where Are the Airbags? ................................1-57
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .....................1-60
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .......................1-61
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .......................1-62
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? .....1-62
Passenger Sensing System ............................1-64
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...........1-68
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .............................1-69
Restraint System Check ..................................1-70
Checking the Restraint Systems ......................1-70
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ............................................1-71
1-1
Head Restraints
The vehicle’s front seats have adjustable head restraints
in the outboard seating positions.
{ CAUTION:
With head restraints that are not installed and
adjusted properly, there is a greater chance that
occupants will suffer a neck/spinal injury in a
crash. Do not drive until the head restraints for all
occupants are installed and adjusted properly.
Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is at the same height as the top of the occupant’s head.
This position reduces the chance of a neck injury in
a crash.
1-2
Front Seats
Power Seats
The power seat
controls are located
on the outboard side
of the seats.
Pull the head restraint up to raise it. To lower the
head restraint, press the button, located on the top
of the seatback, and push the restraint down.
Push down on the head restraint after the button is
released to make sure that it is locked in place.
The head restraints are not designed to be removed.
• Move the seat forward or rearward by sliding
the control forward or rearward.
• Raise or lower the front part of the seat cushion
by moving the front of the control up or down.
• Raise or lower the rear part of the seat cushion
by moving the rear of the control up or down.
The front seats also have power reclining seatbacks.
See Power Reclining Seatbacks on page 1-8.
On vehicles with the memory feature, memory settings
can be programmed and recalled for seat positions. See
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel on page 1-6.
1-3
Power Lumbar
Massaging Lumbar
The power lumbar
controls are located
on the outboard side
of the front seats.
Press the lumbar control forward to increase support
and rearward to decrease support. Press the top
or bottom of the control to raise or lower the support
mechanism.
Keep in mind that as a seating position changes,
as it may during long trips, so should the position
of the lumbar support. Adjust the seat as needed.
1-4
On vehicles with this
feature, the switch is
located on the outboard
side of the front seats
behind the lumbar switch.
Press the switch to turn the massaging lumbar feature
on. The ignition must be on for this feature to work.
The massage cycle will run for up to 10 minutes.
To stop massage, press the massaging lumbar
switch again or press the power lumbar switch.
Heated and Cooled Seats
The vehicle may have heated and cooled front seats.
To operate the heated or cooled seats, the ignition
must be on.
The buttons are located
on the front doors.
Each feature has three temperature settings indicated by
three lights next to the buttons. The highest setting shows
three lights, two is medium and one is the lowest.
When you press a button, the feature will turn on at the
highest setting. Each time the button is pressed, the
feature will go down one temperature setting.
To turn the feature off, keep pressing the button until
the display lights turn off.
If the vehicle has remote vehicle start and it is started
using the RKE transmitter, the front heated seats will
be turned on to the high setting if it is cold outside.
See “Remote Vehicle Start” under Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation on page 2-5. When the key
is inserted into the ignition and the ignition is turned on,
this feature will turn off. To turn it back on, press the
desired button.
Drive Side Buttons
shown, Passenger Side
Buttons similar
H (Cooled Seat):
Press to turn on the cooled seat.
J (Heated Seat and Seatback): Press to turn on the
heated seat and seatback.
A light on the button shows the feature is on.
1-5
Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel
To save positions in memory:
1. Adjust the driver seat, including the seatback
recliner and lumbar, both outside mirrors, and
the steering wheel to a comfortable position.
2. Press and hold button 1 until two beeps sound
through the driver side front speaker to let you
know that the position has been stored.
A second seating, mirror, and steering wheel position
can be programmed by repeating the previous steps and
pressing button 2 for a second driver.
On vehicles with the memory package, the controls are
located on the driver door panel. The controls are
used to program and recall memory settings for the
driver seat, outside mirror, and steering wheel position
if the vehicle has the power tilt wheel and telescopic
steering feature.
1-6
To recall memory positions, the vehicle must be in
P (Park). Press and release either button 1 or button 2
corresponding to the desired driving position. The seat,
outside mirrors, and steering wheel will move to the
position previously stored for the identified driver.
You will hear a single beep.
If you use the RKE transmitter to enter the vehicle and
the remote recall memory feature is on, automatic
seat and mirror movement will occur. See “MEMORY
SEAT RECALL” under DIC Vehicle Customization
on page 3-86 for more information.
To stop recall movement of the memory feature at any
time, press one of the power seat controls, memory
buttons, power tilt wheel control, or power mirror
buttons.
If something has blocked the driver seat and/or the
steering column while recalling a memory position,
the driver seat and/or the steering column recall may
stop. If this happens remove the obstruction, then press
the appropriate control for the area that is not recalling
for two seconds. Try recalling the memory position again
by pressing the appropriate memory button. If the
memory position is still not recalling, see your
dealer/retailer for service.
1-7
Easy Exit Recall
Power Reclining Seatbacks
The control for this feature is located on the driver door
panel between buttons 1 and 2.
The seats have power
reclining seatbacks. Use
the vertical power seat
control located on the
outboard side of the seat.
With the vehicle in P (Park), the exit position can be
recalled by pressing the exit button. You will hear
a single beep. The driver seat will move back, and if the
vehicle has the power tilt wheel and telescopic steering
feature, the power telescopic steering column will
move up and forward.
If the easy exit seat feature is on in the DIC, automatic
seat and power telescopic steering column movement
will occur when the key is removed from the ignition.
See “EASY EXIT RECALL” under DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 3-86 for more information.
Further programming for automatic seat and steering
wheel movement can be done using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). You can select or not
select the following:
• The easy exit recall feature
• The memory seat recall feature
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 3-86.
1-8
• Press the control toward the rear of the vehicle to
recline the seatback.
• Press the control toward the front of the vehicle to
raise the seatback.
{ CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when the vehicle is in
motion can be dangerous. Even when buckled up,
the safety belts cannot do their job when reclined
like this.
The shoulder belt cannot do its job because it will
not be against your body. Instead, it will be in front
of you. In a crash, you could go into it, receiving
neck or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a crash,
the belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear the safety belt properly.
Do not have a seatback reclined if the vehicle is
moving.
1-9
Center Seat
Rear Seats
Heated Seats
Your vehicle may have heated rear seats.
To operate the rear heated seats, the ignition must be on.
The buttons are located on
the rear doors.
The vehicle may have a front center seat. This seat
can be converted to a storage area by lowering
the seatback. See Center Flex Storage Unit on
page 2-63.
I (Heated Seatback):
Press to turn on the heated
seatback.
J (Heated Seat and Seatback): Press to turn on the
heated seat and seatback.
1-10
Press a button to turn on the desired feature. A light
on that button will display to show which feature is on.
Power Lumbar
Each feature has three temperature settings indicated
by three lights next to the buttons. The highest setting
shows three lights, two is medium and one is the lowest.
Your vehicle may be equipped with four-way lumbar
support, without the massage feature, for the outboard
rear seat positions.
When you press a button, the feature will turn on at
the highest setting. Each time you press the button,
the feature will go down one temperature setting.
To turn the feature off, keep pressing the button
until the display lights turn off.
The rear lumbar support
controls are located on the
rear doors in front of the
heated seat buttons.
Rear Seat Pass-Through Door
Your vehicle has a pass-through door that provides
access to the trunk from the rear seats. See “Rear Seat
Pass-Through Door” under Trunk on page 2-13.
To turn on the lumbar support feature, press the front of
the control to increase support or rearward to decrease
support. The lumbar control can also be moved up
and down to adjust the location of the support.
1-11
Safety Belts
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This section of the manual describes how to use safety
belts properly. It also describes some things not to do
with safety belts.
{ CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where a safety belt cannot
be worn properly. In a crash, if you or your
passenger(s) are not wearing safety belts, the
injuries can be much worse. You can hit things
inside the vehicle harder or be ejected from the
vehicle. You and your passenger(s) can be
seriously injured or killed. In the same crash, you
might not be, if you are buckled up. Always fasten
your safety belt, and check that your passenger(s)
are restrained properly too.
1-12
{ CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people
riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously
injured or killed. Do not allow people to ride in any
area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats
and safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is
in a seat and using a safety belt properly.
This vehicle has indicators as a reminder to buckle the
safety belts. See Safety Belt Reminders on page 3-53
for additional information.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
requires wearing safety belts. Here is why:
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do have
a crash, you do not know if it will be a serious one.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast
as it goes.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be
so serious that even buckled up, a person would not
survive. But most crashes are in between. In many
of them, people who buckle up can survive and
sometimes walk away. Without safety belts, they
could have been badly hurt or killed.
After more than 40 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a seat
on wheels.
1-13
Put someone on it.
1-14
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
or the instrument panel...
1-15
Questions and Answers About Safety
Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after a crash if I
am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a safety
belt or not. But your chance of being conscious
during and after an accident, so you can unbuckle
and get out, is much greater if you are belted.
And you can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you are
upside down.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A: Airbags are supplemental systems only; so they
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That is why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-16
work with safety belts — not instead of them.
Whether or not an airbag is provided, all occupants
still have to buckle up to get the most protection.
That is true not only in frontal collisions, but
especially in side and other collisions.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are in a
crash — even one that is not your fault — you and
your passenger(s) can be hurt. Being a good driver
does not protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This section is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and infants. If a child will be
riding in the vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-33
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-36. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
It is very important for all occupants to buckle up.
Statistics show that unbelted people are hurt more often
in crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
Occupants who are not buckled up can be thrown out of
the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others in
the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
First, before you or your passenger(s) wear a safety
belt, there is important information you should know.
1-17
Sit up straight and always keep your feet on the floor
in front of you. The lap part of the belt should be
worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs.
In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones and you would be less likely to slide under the
lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force on
your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal
injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder
and across the chest. These parts of the body are
best able to take belt restraining forces.
The shoulder belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash.
1-18
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too
much, which could increase injury. The shoulder
belt should fit snugly against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give as
much protection this way.
1-19
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your lap belt is too
loose. In a crash, you could slide under the lap
belt and apply force on your abdomen. This could
cause serious or even fatal injuries. The lap belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs.
A: The lap belt is too loose. It will not give nearly as
much protection this way.
1-20
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled
in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt
would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces
would be there, not on the pelvic bones. This
could cause serious internal injuries. Always
buckle your belt into the buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong buckle.
1-21
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt goes over
an armrest like this. The belt would be much too
high. In a crash, you can slide under the belt. The
belt force would then be applied on the abdomen,
not on the pelvic bones, and that could cause
serious or fatal injuries. Be sure the belt goes
under the armrests.
A: The belt is over an armrest.
1-22
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also,
the belt would apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as shoulder bones. You
could also severely injure internal organs like your
liver or spleen. The shoulder belt should go over
the shoulder and across the chest.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-23
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by not wearing the
lap-shoulder belt properly. In a crash, you would
not be restrained by the shoulder belt. Your body
could move too far forward increasing the chance
of head and neck injury. You might also slide
under the lap belt. The belt force would then be
applied right on the abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across the chest.
A: The belt is behind the body.
1-24
Q: What is wrong with this?
{ CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a
crash, you would not have the full width of the belt
to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted, make
it straight so it can work properly, or ask your
dealer/retailer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
1-25
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All seating positions in the vehicle have a lap-shoulder
except for the center front passenger position
(if equipped), which has a lap belt. See Lap Belt
on page 1-31 for more information.
The following instructions explain how to wear a
lap-shoulder belt properly.
1. Adjust the seat, if the seat is adjustable, so you can
sit up straight. To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
2. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
If the shoulder portion of a passenger belt out all
the way, the child restraint locking feature may
be engaged. If this happens, let the belt go back
all the way and start again.
Engaging the child restraint locking feature in the
right front seating position may affect the passenger
sensing system. See Passenger Sensing System
on page 1-64 for more information.
1-26
3. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the latch plate will not go fully into the buckle,
check if the correct buckle is being used.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-32.
Position the release button on the buckle so that
the safety belt could be quickly unbuckled if
necessary.
4. If equipped with a shoulder belt height adjuster,
move it to the height that is right for you. See
“Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment” later in this
section for instructions on use and important safety
information.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
The belt should return to its stowed position.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
It may be necessary to pull stitching on the safety
belt through the latch plate to fully tighten the
lap belt on smaller occupants.
Slide the latch plate up the safety belt webbing when
the safety belt is not in use. The latch plate should
rest on the stitching on the safety belt, near the guide
loop on the side wall.
Before a door is closed, be sure the safety belt is out
of the way. If a door is slammed against a safety belt,
damage can occur to both the safety belt and the vehicle.
1-27
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Safety Belt Pretensioners
The vehicle has a shoulder belt height adjuster for the
driver and right front passenger position.
This vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for front
outboard occupants. Although the safety belt
pretensioners cannot be seen, they are part of the safety
belt assembly. They can help tighten the safety belts
during the early stages of a moderate to severe frontal
or near frontal crash if the threshold conditions for
pretensioner activation are met. And, if your vehicle
has side impact airbags, safety belt pretensioners can
help tighten the safety belts in a side crash.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt
is centered on the shoulder. The belt should be away
from the face and neck, but not falling off the shoulder.
Improper shoulder belt height adjustment could
reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash.
Press the release
button (A) and move
the height adjuster to
the desired position. The
adjuster can be moved
up by pushing up on
the shoulder belt guide.
After the adjuster is set to the desired position, try to
move it down without pressing the release button
to make sure it has locked into position.
1-28
Pretensioners work only once. If the pretensioners
activate in a crash, they will need to be replaced, and
probably other new parts for the vehicle’s safety
belt system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash on page 1-71.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides may provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for some adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outboard passenger position
in the rear seat. Here is how to install a comfort guide to
the safety belt:
1. Remove the guide from its storage pocket on the
side of the seatback.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the
guide on top.
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the
belt into the slots of the guide.
1-29
{ CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn may not
provide the protection needed in a crash. The
person wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of the body are best
able to take belt restraining forces.
4. Buckle, position, and release the safety belt as
described previously in this section. Make sure
that the shoulder belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guide, squeeze the
belt edges together so that the safety belt can be
removed from the guide. Slide the guide into its storage
pocket on the top of the seatback.
1-30
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Lap Belt
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they do not wear safety belts.
This part is only for the lap belt. To learn how to wear a
lap-shoulder belt, see Lap-Shoulder Belt on page 1-26.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt,
and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it is
more likely that the fetus will not be hurt in a crash.
For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
You vehicle may have a center seating position.
When you sit in the center front seating position, you
have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it
along the belt.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt.
1-31
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer/retailer
will order you an extender. When you go in to order it,
take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender will
be long enough for you. To help avoid personal injury, do
not let someone else use it, and use it only for the seat it
is made to fit. The extender has been designed for adults.
Never use it for securing child seats. To wear it, attach it
to the regular safety belt. For more information, see the
instruction sheet that comes with the extender.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown
until the belt is snug.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt Extender
on page 1-32.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if necessary.
If you find that the latch plate will not go fully into the
buckle, see if you are using the correct buckle. Be sure
that the latch plate clicks when inserted into the buckle.
1-32
Child Restraints
Older Children
The manufacturer’s instructions that come with the
booster seat, state the weight and height limitations for
that booster. Use a booster seat with a lap-shoulder
belt until the child passes the below fit test:
• Sit all the way back on the seat. Do the knees bend
at the seat edge? If yes, continue. If no, return to
the booster seat.
• Buckle the lap-shoulder belt. Does the shoulder belt
rest on the shoulder? If yes, continue. If no, try
using the rear safety belt comfort guide. See “Rear
Safety Belt Comfort Guides” under Lap-Shoulder
Belt on page 1-26 for more information. If the
shoulder belt still does not rest on the shoulder,
then return to the booster seat.
• Does the lap belt fit low and snug on the hips,
touching the thighs? If yes, continue. If no, return to
the booster seat.
• Can proper safety belt fit be maintained for length of
trip? If yes, continue. If no, return to the booster seat.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit in a position
with a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide.
1-33
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
A: An older child should wear a lap-shoulder belt
and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can
provide. The shoulder belt should not cross the face
or neck. The lap belt should fit snugly below the hips,
just touching the top of the thighs. This applies belt
force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash. It should
never be worn over the abdomen, which could cause
severe or even fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Also see “Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” under
Lap-Shoulder Belt on page 1-26.
According to accident statistics, children and infants are
safer when properly restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
1-34
{ CAUTION:
Never do this.
Never allow two children to wear the same safety
belt. The safety belt can not properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A safety
belt must be used by only one person at a time.
{ CAUTION:
Never do this.
Never allow a child to wear the safety belt with the
shoulder belt behind their back. A child can be
seriously injured by not wearing the lap-shoulder
belt properly. In a crash, the child would not be
restrained by the shoulder belt. The child could
move too far forward increasing the chance of
head and neck injury. The child might also slide
under the lap belt. The belt force would then be
applied right on the abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go over the shoulder and across the chest.
1-35
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must
be restrained while in a vehicle.
Airbags plus lap-shoulder belts offer protection for
adults and older children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system
nor its airbag system is designed for them. Every time
infants and young children ride in vehicles, they
should have the protection provided by appropriate
child restraints.
Children who are not restrained properly can strike
other people, or can be thrown out of the vehicle.
{ CAUTION:
{ CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or strangled if a
shoulder belt is wrapped around their neck and
the safety belt continues to tighten. Never leave
children unattended in a vehicle and never allow
children to play with the safety belts.
Never do this.
Never hold an infant or a child while riding in a
vehicle. Due to crash forces, an infant or a child will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it during
a crash. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) infant will suddenly
become a 240 lb (110 kg) force on a person’s arms.
An infant should be secured in an appropriate
restraint.
1-36
CAUTION:
(Continued)
restraint in a rear seat. It is also better to secure a
forward-facing child restraint in a rear seat. If you
must secure a forward-facing child restraint in the
right front seat, always move the front passenger
seat as far back as it will go.
{ CAUTION:
Never do this.
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the right front seat. Secure a rear-facing child
CAUTION:
(Continued)
1-37
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
{ CAUTION:
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by the
vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types.
Selection of a particular restraint should take into
consideration not only the child’s weight, height,
and age but also whether or not the restraint will
be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it
will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be
used in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will
have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
1-38
To reduce the risk of neck and head injury during a
crash, infants need complete support. This is
because an infant’s neck is not fully developed and
its head weighs so much compared with the rest of
its body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing child
restraint settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the strongest part
of an infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
should always be secured in rear-facing child
restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
{ CAUTION:
A young child’s hip bones are still so small that
the vehicle’s regular safety belt may not remain
low on the hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may
settle up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash,
the belt would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. To reduce
the risk of serious or fatal injuries during a crash,
young children should always be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
A rear-facing infant
seat (A) provides restraint
with the seating surface
against the back of
the infant.
The harness system holds the infant in place and,
in a crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in
the restraint.
1-39
A forward-facing child
seat (B) provides restraint
for the child’s body
with the harness.
A booster seat (C-D) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
1-40
Securing an Add-On Child Restraint in
the Vehicle
{ CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed in a crash
if the child restraint is not properly secured in the
vehicle. Secure the child restraint properly in the
vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belt or LATCH
system, following the instructions that came with
that child restraint and the instructions in this
manual.
To help reduce the chance of injury, the child restraint
must be secured in the vehicle. Child restraint systems
must be secured in vehicle seats by lap belts or the
lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder belt, or by the LATCH
system. See Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 1-43 for more information. A child can
be endangered in a crash if the child restraint is not
properly secured in the vehicle.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be on
the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important,
so if they are not available, obtain a replacement
copy from the manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in the vehicle — even when no child
is in it.
Securing the Child Within the Child
Restraint
{ CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed in a crash
if the child is not properly secured in the child
restraint. Secure the child properly following the
instructions that came with that child restraint.
1-41
Where to Put the Restraint
According to accident statistics, children and infants are
safer when properly restrained in a child restraint system
or infant restraint system secured in a rear seating
position.
We recommend that children and child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including: an infant or a
child riding in a rear-facing child restraint; a child riding
in a forward-facing child seat; an older child riding in
a booster seat; and children, who are large enough,
using safety belts.
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a rear-facing
child seat in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{ CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger
airbag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. A child in a forward-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger airbag inflates and the passenger
seat is in a forward position.
Even if the passenger sensing system has turned
off the right front passenger frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe. No one can guarantee that
an airbag will not deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it is turned off.
Secure rear-facing child restraints in a rear
seat, even if the airbag is off. If you secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as far back
as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-64 for
additional information.
1-42
{ CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured or killed by the frontal airbags
if they inflate. Never secure a child restraint in the
center front seat. It is always better to secure a
child restraint in a rear seat.
Do not use child restraints in the center front seat
position.
When securing a child restraint in a rear seating
position, study the instructions that came with your child
restraint to make sure it is compatible with this vehicle.
Wherever a child restraint is installed, be sure to secure
the child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle — even when no
child is in it.
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
The LATCH system holds a child restraint during driving
or in a crash. This system is designed to make installation
of a child restraint easier. The LATCH system uses
anchors in the vehicle and attachments on the child
restraint that are made for use with the LATCH system.
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint is
properly installed using the anchors, or use the vehicle’s
safety belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint, and also the
instructions in this manual. When installing a child
restraint with a top tether, you must also use either the
lower anchors or the safety belts to properly secure
the child restraint. A child restraint must never be
installed using only the top tether and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint that has LATCH attachments.
The child restraint manufacturer will provide you
with instructions on how to use the child restraint and its
attachments. The following explains how to attach a
child restraint with these attachments in your vehicle.
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints have
lower anchors and attachments or top tether anchors
and attachments.
1-43
Lower Anchors
Top Tether Anchor
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the vehicle.
There are two lower anchors for each LATCH seating
position that will accommodate a child restraint with
lower attachments (B).
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child restraint
to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built into the
vehicle. The top tether attachment (B) on the child
restraint connects to the top tether anchor in the vehicle
in order to reduce the forward movement and rotation
of the child restraint during driving or in a crash.
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A) or a
dual tether (C). Either will have a single attachment (B)
to secure the top tether to the anchor.
1-44
Some child restraints that have top tethers are designed
for use with or without the top tether being attached.
Others require the top tether always to be attached.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing
child restraints have a top tether, and that the tether
be attached. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for your child restraint.
To assist you in locating
the lower anchors, each
seating position with lower
anchors has two labels,
near the crease between
the seatback and the
seat cushion.
If the child restraint does not have a top tether, one
can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with top
tether anchors.
To assist you in locating
the top tether anchors, the
top tether anchor symbol
is located on the cover.
j (Lower Anchor): Seating
positions with two lower
anchors.
Rear Seat
1-45
The top tether anchors are located under the covers on
the rear seatback filler panel. Pull open the cover to
access the anchors. Be sure to use an anchor located
on the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. See
Where to Put the Restraint on page 1-42 for additional
information.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{ CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not attached to
anchors, the child restraint will not be able to protect
the child correctly. In a crash, the child could be
seriously injured or killed. Install a LATCH-type
child restraint properly using the anchors, or use
the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with the child
restraint and the instructions in this manual.
Do not secure a child restraint in a position without a
top tether anchor if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be attached, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that the top tether must
be attached.
1-46
{ CAUTION:
Do not attach more than one child restraint to a
single anchor. Attaching more than one child
restraint to a single anchor could cause the anchor
or attachment to come loose or even break during
a crash. A child or others could be injured. To
reduce the risk of serious or fatal injuries during a
crash, attach only one child restraint per anchor.
{ CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or strangled if a
shoulder belt is wrapped around their neck and
the safety belt continues to tighten. Buckle any
unused safety belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor to set the lock, if
your vehicle has one, after the child restraint has
been installed.
Notice: Do not let the LATCH attachments rub
against the vehicle’s safety belts. This may damage
these parts. If necessary, move buckled safety
belts to avoid rubbing the LATCH attachments.
Do not fold the empty rear seat with a safety belt
buckled. This could damage the safety belt or
the seat. Unbuckle and return the safety belt to its
stowed position, before folding the seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower attachments to the
lower anchors. If the child restraint does not have
lower attachments or the desired seating position
does not have lower anchors, secure the child
restraint with the top tether and the safety belts.
Refer to your child restraint manufacturer
instructions and the instructions in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for the desired
seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower attachments on
the child restraint to the lower anchors.
1-47
2. If the child restraint manufacturer recommends that
the top tether be attached, attach and tighten the
top tether to the top tether anchor, if equipped.
Refer to the child restraint instructions and
the following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. Pull open the top tether anchor cover to
expose the anchor.
2.3. If you have an adjustable headrest or head
restraint, raise the headrest or head restraint.
2.4. Route, attach and tighten the top tether
according to your child restraint instructions
and the following instructions:
If the position you are
using has a fixed headrest
or head restraint and
you are using a single
tether, route the tether
over the headrest or
head restraint.
If the position you are
using has a fixed or
adjustable headrest or
head restraint and you
are using a dual tether,
route the tether around
the headrest or head
restraint.
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
headrest or head restraint
and you are using a
single tether, route the
tether under the headrest
or head restraint and
in between the headrest
or head restraint posts.
3. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
1-48
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top tether, and that the tether be
attached.
When securing a child restraint in a rear seating position,
study the instructions that came with the child restraint to
make sure it is compatible with this vehicle.
If the child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the safety belt to secure the child
restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
If the child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on
page 1-43 for how and where to install the child restraint
using LATCH. If a child restraint is secured in the
vehicle using a safety belt and it uses a top tether,
see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 1-43 for top tether anchor locations.
Do not secure a child seat in a position without a top
tether anchor if a national or local law requires that the
top tether be anchored, or if the instructions that come
with the child restraint say that the top strap must be
anchored.
If more than one child restraint needs to be installed
in the rear seat, be sure to read Where to Put the
Restraint on page 1-42.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-49
3. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Position the release button on the buckle so that the
safety belt could be quickly unbuckled if necessary.
1-50
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
6. If the child restraint has a top tether, follow the child
restraint manufacturer’s instructions regarding the
use of the top tether. See Lower Anchors and
Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-43 for
more information.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, unbuckle the vehicle safety
belt and let it return to the stowed position. If the top
tether is attached to a top tether anchor, disconnect it.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the
lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder
belt back into the retractor. When installing a
forward-facing child restraint, it may be helpful to
use your knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
{ CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured or killed by the frontal airbags
if they inflate. Never secure a child restraint in the
center front seat. It is always better to secure a
child restraint in a rear seat.
Do not use child restraints in the center front seat
position.
1-51
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
This vehicle has airbags. A rear seat is a safer place to
secure a forward-facing child restraint. See Where to
Put the Restraint on page 1-42.
In addition, the vehicle has a passenger sensing system
which is designed to turn off the right front passenger
frontal airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag
under certain conditions. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 1-64 and Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 3-55 for more information, including
important safety information.
A label on the sun visor says, “Never put a rear-facing
child seat in the front.” This is because the risk to
the rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{ CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger
airbag inflates. This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. A child in a forward-facing child
restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger airbag inflates and the passenger
seat is in a forward position.
Even if the passenger sensing system has turned
off the right front passenger frontal airbag, no
system is fail-safe. No one can guarantee that
an airbag will not deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though it is turned off.
Secure rear-facing child restraints in a rear
seat, even if the airbag is off. If you secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as far back
as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-64 for
additional information.
1-52
If the child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on
page 1-43 for how and where to install the child restraint
using LATCH. If a child restraint is secured using a
safety belt and it uses a top tether, see Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-43 for
top tether anchor locations.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Do not secure a child seat in a position without a top
tether anchor if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored, or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the top
strap must be anchored.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top tether, and that the tether be
attached.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
child restraint in this position. Follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint.
1. Move the seat as far back as it will go before
securing the forward-facing child restraint.
When the passenger sensing system has turned
off the right front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag, the off indicator
on the passenger airbag status indicator should
light and stay lit when you start the vehicle.
See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on
page 3-55.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Position the release button on the buckle so that
the safety belt could be quickly unbuckled if
necessary.
1-53
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint,
pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the lap
portion of the belt and feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor. When installing a forward-facing
child restraint, it may be helpful to use your knee
to push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
If the airbags are off, the off indicator in the passenger
airbag status indicator will come on and stay on
when the vehicle is started.
1-54
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, see “If the On Indicator is Lit for a Child
Restraint ” under Passenger Sensing System on
page 1-64 for more information.
To remove the child restraint, unbuckle the vehicle
safety belt and let it return to the stowed position.
Airbag System
The vehicle has the following airbags:
•
•
•
•
A frontal airbag for the driver.
A frontal airbag for the right front passenger.
A seat-mounted side impact airbag for the driver.
A seat-mounted side impact airbag for the right front
passenger.
All of the airbags in your vehicle will have the word
AIRBAG embossed in the trim or on an attached label
near the deployment opening.
For frontal airbags, the word AIRBAG will appear on the
middle part of the steering wheel for the driver and
on the instrument panel for the right front passenger.
With seat-mounted side impact airbags, the word
AIRBAG will appear on the side of the seatback closest
to the door.
With roof-rail airbags, the word AIRBAG will appear
along the headliner or trim.
Airbags are designed to supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Even though today’s airbags
are also designed to help reduce the risk of injury
from the force of an inflating bag, all airbags must inflate
very quickly to do their job.
The vehicle may also have the following airbags:
• A roof-rail airbag for the driver and the passenger
seated directly behind the driver.
• A roof-rail airbag for the right front passenger and
the passenger seated directly behind the right
front passenger.
1-55
Here are the most important things to know about the
airbag system:
{ CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you are not wearing your safety belt — even if you
have airbags. Airbags are designed to work with
safety belts, but do not replace them. Also, airbags
are not designed to deploy in every crash. In some
crashes safety belts are your only restraint. See
When Should an Airbag Inflate? on page 1-60.
Wearing your safety belt during a crash helps
reduce your chance of hitting things inside the
vehicle or being ejected from it. Airbags are
“supplemental restraints” to the safety belts.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly — whether or not there is an
airbag for that person.
1-56
{ CAUTION:
Airbags inflate with great force, faster than the
blink of an eye. Anyone who is up against, or very
close to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Do not sit unnecessarily
close to the airbag, as you would be if you were
sitting on the edge of your seat or leaning forward.
Safety belts help keep you in position before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even
with airbags. The driver should sit as far back as
possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle.
Occupants should not lean on or sleep against the
door or side windows in seating positions with
seat-mounted side impact airbags and/or roof-rail
airbags.
Where Are the Airbags?
{ CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured or
killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
protection for adults and older children, but not for
young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s
safety belt system nor its airbag system is designed
for them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can provide.
Always secure children properly in your vehicle.
To read how, see Older Children on page 1-33 or
Infants and Young Children on page 1-36.
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel, which
shows the airbag symbol.
The driver frontal airbag is in the middle of the steering
wheel.
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-54
for more information.
1-57
Driver Side shown, Passenger Side similar
The right front passenger frontal airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
1-58
The seat-mounted side impact airbags for the driver and
right front passenger are in the side of the seatbacks
closest to the door.
{ CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
airbag, the airbag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating airbag must be kept clear. Do not put
anything between an occupant and an airbag,
and do not attach or put anything on the steering
wheel hub or on or near any other airbag
covering.
Do not use seat accessories that block the
inflation path of a seat-mounted side impact
airbag.
Driver Side shown, Passenger Side similar
If the vehicle has roof-rail airbags for the driver, right
front passenger, and second row outboard passengers,
they are in the ceiling above the side windows.
Never secure anything to the roof of a vehicle with
roof-rail airbags by routing a rope or tie down
through any door or window opening. If you do,
the path of an inflating roof-rail airbag will be
blocked.
1-59
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
Frontal airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal crashes to help reduce
the potential for severe injuries mainly to the driver’s
or right front passenger’s head and chest. However, they
are only designed to inflate if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment
thresholds are used to predict how severe a crash is
likely to be in time for the airbags to inflate and
help restrain the occupants.
Whether your frontal airbags will or should deploy is not
based on how fast your vehicle is traveling. It depends
largely on what you hit, the direction of the impact,
and how quickly your vehicle slows down.
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash speeds.
For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the airbags
could inflate at a different crash speed than if the
vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed than
if the vehicle hits an object that does not deform.
1-60
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole), the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a wide object (like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.
Thresholds can also vary with specific vehicle design.
Frontal airbags are not intended to inflate during vehicle
rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts.
Your vehicle has a seat position sensor which enables
the sensing system to monitor the position of the
right front passenger’s seat. The passenger seat position
sensor and passenger safety belt buckle switch
provide information that is used to determine if the
airbags should deploy at a reduced level or at full
deployment.
In addition, your vehicle has a dual-stage driver airbag.
Dual-stage airbags adjust the restraint according to
crash severity. Your vehicle has electronic frontal
sensors, which help the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more severe
frontal impact. For moderate frontal impacts, dual-stage
airbags inflate at a level less than full deployment.
For more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
Your vehicle also has a dual-depth passenger airbag
that adjusts the restraint according to crash severity,
seat location, and safety belt status using electronic
frontal sensor(s) and other special sensors which enable
the sensing system to monitor the position of the front
passenger seat. The passenger airbag inflates to a
reduced depth when the passenger seat is in a forward
position. For more rearward front seating positions,
the passenger airbag may inflate to an increased depth
(a full deployment), based on safety belt status and
the crash severity measured early in the event. (Always
wear your safety belt, even with frontal airbags.)
Your vehicle has seat-mounted side impact airbags.
Your vehicle may have roof-rail airbags. See Airbag
System on page 1-55. Seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags are intended to inflate in moderate
to severe side crashes. Seat-mounted side impact and
roof-rail airbags will inflate if the crash severity is
above the system’s designed threshold level. The
threshold level can vary with specific vehicle design.
Seat-mounted side impact and roof-rail airbags are
not intended to inflate in frontal impacts, near-frontal
impacts, rollovers, or rear impacts. A seat-mounted
side impact airbag is intended to deploy on the side of
the vehicle that is struck. Both roof-rail airbags will
deploy when either side of the vehicle is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an
airbag should have inflated simply because of the
damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs
were. For frontal airbags, inflation is determined by
what the vehicle hits, the angle of the impact, and how
quickly the vehicle slows down. For seat-mounted
side impact and roof-rail airbags, deployment is
determined by the location and severity of the side
impact.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In a deployment event, the sensing system sends an
electrical signal triggering a release of gas from the
inflator. Gas from the inflator fills the airbag causing the
bag to break out of the cover and deploy. The inflator,
the airbag, and related hardware are all part of the airbag
module.
Frontal airbag modules are located inside the
steering wheel and instrument panel. For vehicles
with seat-mounted side impact airbags, there are airbag
modules in the side of the front seatbacks closest to the
door. For vehicles with roof-rail airbags, there are airbag
modules in the ceiling of the vehicle, near the side
windows that have occupant seating positions.
1-61
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle.
Airbags supplement the protection provided by safety
belts. Frontal airbags distribute the force of the impact
more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping
the occupant more gradually. Seat-mounted side impact
and roof-rail airbags distribute the force of the impact
more evenly over the occupant’s upper body.
But airbags would not help in many types of collisions,
primarily because the occupant’s motion is not
toward those airbags. See When Should an Airbag
Inflate? on page 1-60 for more information.
Airbags should never be regarded as anything more
than a supplement to safety belts.
1-62
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates?
After the frontal airbags and seat-mounted side impact
airbags inflate, they quickly deflate, so quickly that
some people may not even realize an airbag inflated.
Roof-rail airbags may still be at least partially inflated
for some time after they deploy. Some components
of the airbag module may be hot for several minutes.
For location of the airbag modules, see What Makes an
Airbag Inflate? on page 1-61.
The parts of the airbag that come into contact with you
may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There may
be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the
deflated airbags. Airbag inflation does not prevent
the driver from seeing out of the windshield or being
able to steer the vehicle, nor does it prevent people from
leaving the vehicle.
{ CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there may be dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other breathing
trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle
should get out as soon as it is safe to do so. If you
have breathing problems but cannot get out of the
vehicle after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air
by opening a window or a door. If you experience
breathing problems following an airbag deployment,
you should seek medical attention.
The vehicle has a feature that may automatically unlock
the doors, turn the interior lamps on, and turn the
hazard warning flashers on when the airbags inflate.
You can lock the doors, turn the interior lamps off,
and turn the hazard warning flashers off by using the
controls for those features.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the airbag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once. After an
airbag inflates, you will need some new parts for the
airbag system. If you do not get them, the airbag
system will not be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include airbag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
• The vehicle has a crash sensing and diagnostic
module which records information after a crash.
See Vehicle Data Recording and Privacy on
page 7-17 and Event Data Recorders on page 7-18.
• Let only qualified technicians work on the airbag
systems. Improper service can mean that an airbag
system will not work properly. See your dealer/
retailer for service.
1-63
Passenger Sensing System
The vehicle has a passenger sensing system for the
right front passenger position. The passenger airbag
status indicator will be visible on the overhead console
when the vehicle is started.
United States
Canada
The words ON and OFF, or the symbol for on and off,
are visible during the system check. If you are using
remote start, if equipped, to start the vehicle from
a distance, you may not see the system check. When
the system check is complete, either the word ON
or OFF, or the symbol for on or off, will be visible.
See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 3-55.
1-64
The passenger sensing system turns off the right front
passenger frontal airbag and seat-mounted side
impact airbag under certain conditions. The driver
airbags and the roof-rail airbags are not affected by the
passenger sensing system.
The passenger sensing system works with sensors that
are part of the right front passenger seat. The sensors
are designed to detect the presence of a properly-seated
occupant and determine if the right front passenger
frontal airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag
should be enabled (may inflate) or not.
According to accident statistics, children are safer when
properly secured in a rear seat in the correct child
restraint for their weight and size.
We recommend that children be secured in a rear seat,
including: an infant or a child riding in a rear-facing
child restraint; a child riding in a forward-facing child
seat; an older child riding in a booster seat; and children,
who are large enough, using safety belts.
A label on the sun visor says, “Never put a rear-facing
child seat in the front.” This is because the risk to
the rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{ CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger airbag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating airbag. A child in a
forward-facing child restraint can be seriously
injured or killed if the right front passenger airbag
inflates and the passenger seat is in a forward
position.
Even if the passenger sensing system has turned
off the right front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag (if equipped),
no system is fail-safe. No one can guarantee that
an airbag will not deploy under some unusual
circumstance, even though the airbag(s) are off.
Secure rear-facing child restraints in a rear seat,
even if the airbag(s) are off. If you secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as far back
as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint
in a rear seat.
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn off
the right front passenger airbag and seat-mounted
side impact airbag if:
• The right front passenger seat is unoccupied.
• The system determines that an infant is present in
a rear-facing infant seat.
• The system determines that a small child is present
in a child restraint.
• The system determines that a small child is present
in a booster seat.
• A right front passenger takes his/her weight off of
the seat for a period of time.
• The right front passenger seat is occupied by a
smaller person, such as a child who has outgrown
child restraints.
• Or, if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
When the passenger sensing system has turned off the
right front passenger frontal airbag and seat-mounted
side impact airbag, the off indicator will light and stay lit
to remind you that the airbags are off. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 3-55.
1-65
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn on
(may inflate) the right front passenger frontal airbag and
seat-mounted side impact airbag anytime the system
senses that a person of adult size is sitting properly in
the right front passenger seat.
When the passenger sensing system has allowed the
airbags to be enabled, the on indicator will light and stay
lit to remind you that the airbags are active.
For some children who have outgrown child restraints
and for very small adults, the passenger sensing system
may or may not turn off the right front passenger frontal
airbag and seat-mounted side impact airbag, depending
upon the person’s seating posture and body build.
Everyone in the vehicle who has outgrown child restraints
should wear a safety belt properly — whether or not there
is an airbag for that person.
{ CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light ever comes on and
stays on, it means that something may be wrong
with the airbag system. To help avoid injury to
yourself or others, have the vehicle serviced right
away. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-54
for more information, including important safety
information.
1-66
If the On Indicator is Lit for a Child
Restraint
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit:
1. Turn the vehicle off.
2. Remove the child restraint from the vehicle.
3. Remove any additional items from the seat such as
blankets, cushions, seat covers, seat heaters, or
seat massagers.
4. Reinstall the child restraint following the directions
provided by the child restraint manufacturer and
refer to Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front
Seat Position on page 1-52.
5. If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, turn the vehicle
off. Then slightly recline the vehicle seatback and
adjust the seat cushion, if adjustable, to make sure
that the vehicle seatback is not pushing the child
restraint into the seat cushion.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint. See Head Restraints
on page 1-2.
6. Restart the vehicle.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the vehicle,
and check with your dealer/retailer.
If the Off Indicator is Lit for an
Adult-Size Occupant
If this happens, use the following steps to allow the
system to detect that person and enable the right front
passenger frontal airbag and seat-mounted side
impact airbag:
1. Turn the vehicle off.
2. Remove any additional material from the seat, such
as blankets, cushions, seat covers, seat heaters, or
seat massagers.
3. Place the seatback in the fully upright position.
4. Have the person sit upright in the seat, centered on
the seat cushion, with legs comfortably extended.
5. Restart the vehicle and have the person remain in
this position for two to three minutes after the on
indicator is lit.
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger seat, but the off indicator is lit, it could be
because that person is not sitting properly in the seat.
1-67
Additional Factors Affecting System
Operation
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Safety belts help keep the passenger in position on the
seat during vehicle maneuvers and braking, which helps
the passenger sensing system maintain the passenger
airbag status. See “Safety Belts” and “Child Restraints” in
the Index for additional information about the importance
of proper restraint use.
Airbags affect how the vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the airbag system in several places
around the vehicle. Your dealer/retailer and the
service manual have information about servicing the
vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a service
manual, see Service Publications Ordering Information
on page 7-16.
A thick layer of additional material, such as a blanket or
cushion, or aftermarket equipment such as seat covers,
seat heaters, and seat massagers can affect how well the
passenger sensing system operates. We recommend
that you not use seat covers or other aftermarket
equipment except when approved by GM for your specific
vehicle. See Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 1-69 for more information about
modifications that can affect how the system operates.
{ CAUTION:
Stowing of articles under the passenger seat or
between the passenger seat cushion and seatback
may interfere with the proper operation of the
passenger sensing system.
1-68
{ CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition is turned off
and the battery is disconnected, an airbag can still
inflate during improper service. You can be injured
if you are close to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid
yellow connectors. They are probably part of the
airbag system. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person performing
work for you is qualified to do so.
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Is there anything I might add to or change
about the vehicle that could keep the airbags
from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s
frame, bumper system, height, front end or side
sheet metal, they may keep the airbag system from
working properly. Changing or moving any parts
of the front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing
and diagnostic module, steering wheel, instrument
panel, roof-rail airbag modules, ceiling headliner
or pillar garnish trim, overhead console, front
sensors, side impact sensors, or airbag wiring can
affect the operation of the airbag system.
In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing
system for the right front passenger’s position, which
includes sensors that are part of the passenger’s
seat. The passenger sensing system may not
operate properly if the original seat trim is replaced
with non-GM covers, upholstery or trim, or with GM
covers, upholstery or trim designed for a different
vehicle. Any object, such as an aftermarket seat
heater or a comfort enhancing pad or device,
installed under or on top of the seat fabric, could also
interfere with the operation of the passenger sensing
system. This could either prevent proper deployment
of the passenger airbag(s) or prevent the passenger
sensing system from properly turning off the
passenger airbag(s). See Passenger Sensing
System on page 1-64.
If you have any questions about this, you should
contact Customer Assistance before you modify
your vehicle. The phone numbers and addresses
for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of
the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this manual.
See Customer Satisfaction Procedure on page 7-2.
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get
my vehicle modified. How can I find out whether
this will affect my airbag system?
A: If you have questions, call Customer Assistance.
The phone numbers and addresses for Customer
Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure in this manual. See
Customer Satisfaction Procedure on page 7-2.
In addition, your dealer/retailer and the service manual
have information about the location of the airbag sensors,
sensing and diagnostic module and airbag wiring.
1-69
Restraint System Check
Airbags
Checking the Restraint Systems
The airbag system does not need regularly scheduled
maintenance or replacement. Make sure the airbag
readiness light is working. See Airbag Readiness Light
on page 3-54 for more information.
Safety Belts
Now and then, check that the safety belt reminder light,
safety belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, and
anchorages are all working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job. See your dealer/retailer to have it repaired. Torn
or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a crash.
They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn
or frayed, get a new one right away.
Make sure the safety belt reminder light is working.
See Safety Belt Reminders on page 3-53 for more
information.
Keep safety belts clean and dry. See Care of Safety
Belts on page 5-89.
1-70
Notice: If an airbag covering is damaged, opened,
or broken, the airbag may not work properly. Do
not open or break the airbag coverings. If there are
any opened or broken airbag covers, have the
airbag covering and/or airbag module replaced.
For the location of the airbag modules, see What
Makes an Airbag Inflate? on page 1-61. See your
dealer/retailer for service.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{ CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in your
vehicle. A damaged restraint system may not
properly protect the person using it, resulting in
serious injury or even death in a crash. To help
make sure your restraint systems are working
properly after a crash, have them inspected and
any necessary replacements made as soon as
possible.
If the vehicle has the LATCH system and it was being
used during a crash, you may need new LATCH system
parts.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the
safety belt or LATCH system (if equipped), was
not being used at the time of the crash.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system earlier
in this section.
Have the safety belt pretensioners checked if the
vehicle has been in a crash, if the airbag readiness light
stays on after the vehicle is started, or while you are
driving. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-54.
If the vehicle has been in a crash, do you need new
safety belts or LATCH system (if equipped) parts?
After a very minor crash, nothing may be necessary.
But the safety belt assemblies that were used during any
crash may have been stressed or damaged. See your
dealer/retailer to have the safety belt assemblies
inspected or replaced.
1-71
✍ NOTES
1-72
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System ................2-4
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation ...................................................2-5
Remote Vehicle Start ......................................2-7
Doors and Locks ............................................2-10
Door Locks ..................................................2-10
Central Door Unlocking System ......................2-11
Power Door Locks ........................................2-11
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ..............2-11
Rear Door Security Locks ..............................2-12
Lockout Protection ........................................2-12
Trunk ..........................................................2-13
Windows ........................................................2-15
Power Windows ............................................2-16
Sun Visors ...................................................2-19
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-20
Valet Lockout Switch .....................................2-20
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................2-21
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic Immobilizer .............2-22
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic Immobilizer
Operation .................................................2-23
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-24
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-24
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-25
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................2-26
Starting the Engine .......................................2-26
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-28
Automatic Transmission Operation ...................2-29
Performance Shifting .....................................2-32
Parking Brake ..............................................2-32
Shifting Into Park ..........................................2-33
Shifting Out of Park ......................................2-34
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-35
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-36
Running the Vehicle While Parked ..................2-37
Mirrors ...........................................................2-38
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror ................2-38
Compass .....................................................2-38
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors .....................2-40
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ..................2-40
Park Tilt Mirrors ............................................2-41
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-41
Outside Heated Mirrors ..................................2-41
2-1
Section 2
Features and Controls
Object Detection Systems ...............................2-42
Ultrasonic Front and Rear
Parking Assist (UFRPA) .............................2-42
Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA) .........................2-45
Lane Departure Warning (LDW) ......................2-49
OnStar® System .............................................2-51
Universal Home Remote System ......................2-55
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED) ..............2-55
2-2
Storage Areas ................................................2-62
Glove Box ...................................................2-62
Cupholders ..................................................2-62
Front Storage Area .......................................2-62
Center Console Storage .................................2-62
Center Flex Storage Unit ...............................2-63
Floor Mats ...................................................2-63
Rear Seat Armrest ........................................2-63
Convenience Net ..........................................2-63
Sunroof .........................................................2-64
Keys
{ CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition key
is dangerous for many reasons, children or others
could be badly injured or even killed. They could
operate the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The windows will
function with the keys in the ignition and children
could be seriously injured or killed if caught in the
path of a closing window. Do not leave the keys in
a vehicle with children.
The master key is used for the driver door, ignition, and
glove box.
The valet key is used for the driver door and ignition.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in the vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
In an emergency, contact Roadside Assistance.
See Roadside Service on page 7-7.
2-3
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
The Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) system operates on a
radio frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
If there is a decrease in the RKE operating range,
try this:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
2-4
• Check the distance. The transmitter may be too far
from the vehicle. Stand closer during rainy or
snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
• Check the transmitter’s battery. See “Battery
Replacement” later in this section.
• If the transmitter is still not working correctly,
see your dealer/retailer or a qualified technician for
service.
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation
The Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter functions
work up to 195 feet (60 m) away from the vehicle.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter. See Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System on page 2-4.
/ (Remote Vehicle Start): Press to start the engine
from outside the vehicle using the RKE transmitter.
See Remote Vehicle Start on page 2-7 for additional
information.
Q (Lock):
Press to lock all the doors. If enabled
through the Driver Information Center (DIC), the parking
lamps may flash once to indicate locking has occurred.
The horn may chirp when Q is pressed again within
five seconds. See DIC Vehicle Customization on
page 3-86 for additional information.
Pressing Q may arm the content theft-deterrent system.
See Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-21.
With Remote Start
(Without Remote
Start Similar)
K (Unlock): Press once to unlock the driver door.
If K is pressed again within five seconds, all remaining
doors unlock. The interior lamps come on and stay
on for 20 seconds or until the ignition is turned on.
If enabled through the DIC, the parking lamps flash twice
to indicate unlocking has occurred. See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 3-86. Pressing K may disarm
the content theft-deterrent system. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 2-21.
2-5
V (Remote Trunk Release): Press and hold for
about one second to unlock the trunk. The transmission
must be in P (Park).
L (Vehicle Locator/Panic Alarm):
Press and release
to locate the vehicle. The turn signal lamps flash and
the horn sounds three times.
Press and hold L for more than two seconds to
activate the panic alarm. The turn signal lamps flash
and the horn sounds repeatedly for 30 seconds.
The alarm turns off when the ignition is moved to
ON/RUN or L is pressed again. The ignition must
be in LOCK/OFF for the panic alarm to work.
The vehicle comes with two transmitters.
Each transmitter will have a number on top of it,
“1” or “2”. These numbers correspond to the driver
of the vehicle. For example, the memory seat position
for driver 1 will be recalled when using the transmitter
labeled “1”, if enabled through the DIC. See Memory
Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel on page 1-6 and
DIC Vehicle Customization on page 3-86 for more
information.
2-6
Programming Transmitters to the
Vehicle
Only RKE transmitters programmed to the vehicle will
work. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement
can be purchased and programmed through your
dealer/retailer. When the replacement transmitter is
programmed to the vehicle, all remaining transmitters
must also be programmed. Any lost or stolen
transmitters no longer work once the new transmitter
is programmed. Each vehicle can have up to
eight transmitters programmed to it. See RELEARN
REMOTE KEY under DIC Operation and Displays
on page 3-68.
Battery Replacement
Replace the battery if the REPLACE BATTERY
IN REMOTE KEY message displays in the DIC.
See “REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY” under
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for additional
information.
Notice: When replacing the battery, do not touch
any of the circuitry on the transmitter. Static
from your body could damage the transmitter.
Remote Vehicle Start
To replace the battery:
1. Separate the transmitter with a flat, thin object
inserted into the notch, located above the
metal base.
2. Remove the old battery. Do not use a metal object.
3. Insert the new battery, positive side facing up.
Replace with a CR2032 or equivalent battery.
4. Reassemble the transmitter.
The remote vehicle starting feature allows you to start
the engine from outside of the vehicle. It also starts
up the vehicle’s automatic climate control system.
When the remote start system is active, the climate
control system will heat and cool the inside of the
vehicle according to the previous settings of the
system before turning the vehicle off. The rear window
defogger will be turned on by the climate control
system when it is cold outside. If the vehicle has heated
seats, they will also turn on when it is cold outside.
See Heated and Cooled Seats on page 1-5 for additional
information. Cooled seats are not activated during a
remote start. Normal operation of the climate control
system will return after the key is turned to ON/RUN.
See Dual Climate Control System on page 3-40.
Laws in some communities may restrict the use of
remote starters. For example, some laws may require
a person using remote start to have the vehicle in
view when doing so. Check local regulations for
any requirements on remote starting of vehicles.
Do not use the remote start feature if your vehicle is
low on fuel. Your vehicle may run out of fuel.
2-7
If your vehicle has the remote start feature, the RKE
transmitter functions will have an increased range
of operation. However, the range may be less while the
vehicle is running.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter, see Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 2-5 for
additional information.
/ (Remote Start):
This button will be on the
RKE transmitter if you have remote start.
To start the vehicle using the remote start feature:
1. Aim the transmitter at the vehicle.
2. Press and release the transmitter’s lock button,
then immediately press and hold the transmitter’s
remote start button until the turn signal lights
flash or if the vehicle’s lights are not visible,
press and hold the remote start button for at least
four seconds. The vehicle’s doors will lock. Pressing
the remote start button again after the vehicle
has started will turn off the ignition.
When the vehicle starts, the parking lamps will turn
on and remain on while the vehicle is running.
2-8
3. If it is the first remote start since the vehicle has
been driven, repeat these steps, while the engine
is still running, to extend the engine running time
by 10 minutes. Remote start can be extended
one time.
After entering the vehicle during a remote start, insert
and turn the key to ON/RUN to drive the vehicle.
If the vehicle is left running it will automatically shut off
after 10 minutes unless a time extension has been done.
To manually shut off a remote start:
• Aim the RKE transmitter at the vehicle and press
the remote start button until the parking lamps
turn off.
• Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
• Turn the ignition switch on and then off.
The remote vehicle start feature provides two separate
starts, each with 10 minutes of engine running, or it
provides one start with 10 minutes of engine running that
may be extended 10 more minutes. If you press and
release the transmitter lock button and then press and
hold the remote start button on the RKE transmitter
again before the first 10 minutes of engine running time
has expired, 10 minutes are added to the remaining
minutes. For example, if the lock button and then
the remote start buttons are pressed again after
five minutes of the engine run time, 10 minutes are
added and you now have 15 minutes of engine running.
The added ten minutes are considered a second
remote vehicle start.
Once two remote starts or a single start with a time
extension have been used, the vehicle must be started
with the ignition key before you can use the remote
start feature again.
The remote vehicle start feature will not operate if the
key is in the ignition, the hood is not closed, or if there is
an emission control system malfunction.
The engine will turn off during a remote vehicle start if
the coolant temperature gets too high, or the oil pressure
is too low.
Your vehicle was shipped from the factory with the
remote vehicle start system enabled. The system
may be disabled through the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See “REMOTE START” under DIC
Vehicle Customization on page 3-86 for additional
information.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-36 for important safety
information when using remote start in a closed
garage.
Remote Start Ready
If your vehicle does not have the remote vehicle start
feature, it may have the remote start ready feature.
This feature allows your dealer/retailer to add the
manufacturer’s remote vehicle start feature. See your
dealer/retailer if you would like to add the manufacturer’s
remote vehicle start feature to your vehicle.
2-9
Doors and Locks
CAUTION:
Door Locks
(Continued)
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
{ CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers, especially children, can easily
•
open the doors and fall out of a moving
vehicle. When a door is locked, the handle
will not open it. The chance of being thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash is increased if
the doors are not locked. So, all passengers
should wear safety belts properly and the
doors should be locked whenever the vehicle
is driven.
Young children who get into unlocked vehicles
may be unable to get out. A child can be
overcome by extreme heat and can suffer
permanent injuries or even death from heat
stroke. Always lock the vehicle whenever
leaving it.
CAUTION:
2-10
(Continued)
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
Because the vehicle has the theft-deterrent system,
you must unlock the doors with the key or
RKE transmitter to avoid setting off the alarm.
From the outside, use either the key or the
RKE transmitter.
From the inside, use the power door lock switches or
manual lock knobs. The manual lock knobs are located
at the top of the door panel near the window.
Push the manual lock knob down to lock the door.
To unlock the door, pull up on the knob.
Central Door Unlocking System
The vehicle has a central door unlocking mode.
When unlocking the driver door, the other doors
can be unlocked at the same time by turning the
key clockwise in the door lock cylinder twice.
Power Door Locks
On vehicles with power door locks, the switches are
located on the front doors.
" (Unlock):
Q (Lock):
Press to unlock the doors.
Remove the key from the ignition and press
to lock the doors.
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
The vehicle is programmed so that, when the doors are
closed, the ignition is on, and the shift lever is moved
out of P (Park), all the doors will lock. The doors will
unlock every time the vehicle is stopped and the shift
lever is moved into P (Park).
If someone needs to get out while the vehicle is not in
P (Park), have the person use the manual lock knob
or power door lock switch. When the door is closed
again, it will not lock automatically. Use the manual lock
knob or power door lock switch to lock the door.
The door locks can be programmed through prompts
displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC).
These prompts allow the driver to choose various lock
and unlock settings. For programming information,
see DIC Vehicle Customization on page 3-86.
2-11
Rear Door Security Locks
The vehicle has security locks that prevent passengers
from opening the rear doors from the inside.
The rear door security locks are located on the inside
edge of each rear door. You must open the rear doors to
access them.
To assist you in finding the lock, the vehicle will have
one of the following:
The rear doors on the vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use.
When you want to open a rear door with the security
lock on:
1. Unlock the door using the RKE transmitter, the front
door power lock switch, or by lifting the rear door
manual lock knob.
2. Open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Turn the knob to the horizontal position to
disengage the lock.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
Lockout Protection
To use these locks:
1. Turn the knob to the vertical position to engage
the lock.
2. Close the door.
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
2-12
If the key is in the ignition and the power door lock switch
is used to lock the doors, all doors will lock and then the
driver door will unlock. It is always recommended that
the ignition key is removed from the vehicle when locking
the doors.
The lockout protection feature can be overridden by
holding the power door lock switch for three seconds
or longer.
Trunk
{ CAUTION:
Exhaust gases can enter the vehicle if it is driven
with the liftgate, trunk/hatch open, or with any
objects that pass through the seal between the
body and the trunk/hatch or liftgate. Engine
exhaust contains Carbon Monoxide (CO) which
cannot be seen or smelled. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
If the vehicle must be driven with the liftgate, or
trunk/hatch open:
• Close all of the windows.
• Fully open the air outlets on or under the
instrument panel.
• Adjust the Climate Control system to a setting
that brings in only outside air and set the fan
speed to the highest setting. See Climate
Control System in the Index.
• If the vehicle is equipped with a power liftgate,
disable the power liftgate function.
Remote Trunk Release
G (Remote Trunk Release): The remote trunk
release button is located to the left of the steering
wheel next to the instrument panel brightness control.
Press the button to open the trunk. The vehicle must be
in P (Park) or N (Neutral) and the valet lockout switch
must be off to use this button.
You can also press the button with the trunk symbol on
the RKE transmitter to open the trunk. To disable
this feature, see Valet Lockout Switch on page 2-20.
The trunk can be accessed using the Rear Seat
Pass-Through. See “Rear Seat Pass-Through” following
this section.
For more information about carbon monoxide,
see Engine Exhaust on page 2-36.
2-13
Emergency Trunk Release Handle
There is a glow-in-the-dark emergency trunk release
handle located inside the trunk near the latch. This
handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull the
release handle to open the trunk from the inside.
Rear Seat Pass-Through
The vehicle has a small door in the rear seat. This door
allows access to the trunk from inside the vehicle.
The rear seat armrest must be down for the
pass-through door to open. To release the pass-through
door, move the release up. To close the door, raise it
and push it until it latches.
Notice: Do not use the emergency trunk release
handle as a tie-down or anchor point when securing
items in the trunk as it could damage the handle.
The emergency trunk release handle is only
intended to aid a person trapped in a latched trunk,
enabling them to open the trunk from the inside.
2-14
Windows
{ CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a
vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous.
They can be overcome by the extreme heat and
suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat
stroke. Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a
pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the windows
closed in warm or hot weather.
2-15
Power Windows
The power window
switches are located on
the driver door.
{ CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the keys is
dangerous for many reasons, children or others
could be badly injured or even killed. They could
operate the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The windows will
function and they could be seriously injured or
killed if caught in the path of a closing window.
Do not leave keys in a vehicle with children.
When there are children in the rear seat use the
window lockout button to prevent unintentional
operation of the windows.
In addition, each door has a switch for its own window.
The front power window switch operates with
two positions for both up and down movement and the
rear power window switch operates with one position
for up and two positions for down movement. Press the
switch to the first position to lower the window to the
desired level. Pull the switch up to raise the window.
The vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
that allows you to use the power windows once
the ignition has been turned off. For more information,
see Retained Accessory Power (RAP) on page 2-26.
2-16
Express-Down/Up Windows
Windows with the express feature allow the windows to
be raised and lowered all the way without holding
the switch.
Press or pull the switch fully and release it to activate
the express feature.
The express mode can be canceled at any time by
briefly pressing or pulling the switch.
Express Window Anti-Pinch Feature
If any object is in the path of the window when the
express-up is active, the window will stop at the
obstruction and auto-reverse to a preset factory position.
Weather conditions such as severe icing may also cause
the window to auto-reverse. The window will return to
normal operation once the obstruction or condition is
removed.
Express Window Anti-Pinch Override
{ CAUTION:
If express override is activated, the window will not
reverse automatically. You or others could be
injured and the window could be damaged.
Before you use express override, make sure
that all people and obstructions are clear of the
window path.
In an emergency, the anti-pinch feature can be
overridden in a supervised mode. Hold the window
switch all the way up to the second position. The window
will rise for as long as the switch is held. Once the
switch is released, the express mode is re-activated.
In this mode, the window can still close on an object in
its path. Use care when using the override mode.
2-17
Programming the Power Windows
Window Lockout
If the battery on the vehicle has been recharged,
disconnected, or is not working, you will need to
reprogram each front power window for the express-up
feature to work. Before reprogramming, replace or
recharge the vehicle’s battery.
o (Window Lockout):
To program each front window, follow these steps:
1. With the ignition in ACC/ACCESSORY, ON/RUN,
or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is
active, close all doors.
2. Press and hold the power window switch until the
window is fully open.
3. Pull the power window switch up until the window is
fully closed.
4. Continue holding the switch up for approximately
two seconds after the window is completely
closed.
The window is now reprogrammed. Repeat the process
for the other windows.
2-18
The rear window lockout button
is located on the driver door near the window switches.
Press the right side of the button to disable the rear
window controls. The light on the button will illuminate,
indicating the feature is in use. The rear windows
still can be raised or lowered using the driver window
switches when the lockout feature is active.
To restore power to the rear windows, press the button
again. The light on the button will go out.
Sun Visors
The switch is located on
the overhead console.
Swing down the primary visor to block out glare. It can
also be detached from the center mount and moved
to the side while the auxiliary sunshade remains to
block the glare from the front. The visors also have
side-to-side slide capability.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Pull the visor down and lift the cover to view the mirror.
The light will come on when the cover is opened.
It will go out when you close the cover. If your vehicle
has the adjustable lighting feature, slide the switch up or
down to brighten or dim the light.
Rear Power Sunshade
The rear power sunshade is located in the rear shelf.
It only works while the ignition is on or while the Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) is active. See Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) on page 2-26.
If your vehicle has a rear power sunshade, it helps to
reduce the amount of heat and light entering the
rear window.
To raise the power sunshade, press and release the
switch. To close the power sunshade, press and release
the switch again.
Never store objects on the rear shelf because they
may get caught in the sunshade or be tossed about in
your vehicle.
2-19
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
This vehicle has theft-deterrent features, however,
they do not make it impossible to steal.
Valet Lockout Switch
The valet lockout switch
is located inside the
glove box.
9 (Off):
Press this side of the button to turn the
lockout feature off. When the lockout feature is off,
you can open the trunk using either the keyless entry
transmitter or the trunk release button located near
the headlamp switch on the instrument panel.
— (On): Press this side of the button to turn the lockout
feature on. When the lockout feature is turned on,
the trunk cannot be unlocked with the keyless entry
transmitter or the trunk release button located near the
headlamp switch on the instrument panel.
If the valet lockout feature is on it will also disable the
Universal Home Remote transmitter, if equipped.
Locking the glove box with your key will also help to
secure your vehicle.
See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation
on page 2-5 and Trunk on page 2-13 for additional
information.
2-20
Content Theft-Deterrent
The security light is
located on the instrument
panel cluster.
The theft-deterrent system will not arm if you lock the
doors with a key or use the manual door lock. It arms
only if you use a power door lock with the door open or
the RKE transmitter.
To avoid arming the alarm by accident:
• Lock the vehicle with the door key or the manual
door lock.
• Always unlock a door with a key or use the RKE
To arm the system:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door using the power door lock switch with
the door open or the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. The security light will flash.
3. Close all the doors. The security light will come on
and stay on for approximately 30 seconds.
If a door or the trunk is opened without a key or a
RKE transmitter the horn will sound and the lamps will
flash for about 30 seconds.
transmitter system. Pressing the unlock button
on the RKE transmitter, or unlocking a door with the
key disarms the content theft-deterrent system.
Unlocking a door any other way will activate
the alarm when a door or the trunk is opened.
If you activate the alarm by accident, unlock the driver’s
door with your key. You can also turn off the alarm
by using the unlock button on the RKE transmitter
system, or by starting the car with a valid key.
Changes or modifications made to this system by
other than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use the theft system.
2-21
Testing the Alarm
1. From inside the vehicle, roll down the window, then
get out of the vehicle, keeping the door open.
2. From outside of the vehicle, with the door open,
lock the vehicle using the power door lock or the
RKE system and close the door. Wait 30 seconds
until the security lamp goes off.
3. Reach in and unlock the door using the manual
lock and open the door. The horn will sound and
the hazard lights will flash.
You can turn off the alarm by unlocking the driver’s door
with your key, using the unlock button on the RKE
transmitter or by starting the car with a valid key.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, check to
see if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown.
To replace the fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-95. If the fuse does not need to be replaced,
you may need to have your vehicle serviced.
To reduce the possibility of theft, always arm the
theft-deterrent system when leaving your vehicle.
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer
The PASS-Key III+ system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key III+ uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in the vehicle.
2-22
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic
Immobilizer Operation
Your vehicle has PASS-Key® III+ (Personalized
Automotive Security System) theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key® III+ is a passive theft-deterrent system.
The system is automatically armed when the key
is removed from the ignition.
The system is automatically disarmed when the key is
turned to ON/RUN, ACC/ACCESSORY or START
from the LOCK/OFF position.
You do not have to manually arm or disarm the system.
The security light will come on if there is a problem
with arming or disarming the theft-deterrent system.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system senses that someone
is using the wrong key, it prevents the vehicle from
starting. Anyone using a trial-and-error method to start
the vehicle will be discouraged because of the high
number of electrical key codes.
If the engine does not start and the security light comes
on when trying to start the vehicle, there may be a
problem with your theft-deterrent system. Turn the
ignition off and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse, see Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-95. If the engine still
does not start with the other key, your vehicle needs
service. If your vehicle does start, the first key may be
faulty. See your dealer/retailer who can service the
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made. In an
emergency, contact Roadside Assistance.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+ decoder to “learn”
the transponder value of a new or replacement key.
Up to 10 keys may be programmed for the vehicle.
The following procedure is for programming additional
keys only. If all the currently programmed keys are
lost or do not operate, you must see your dealer/retailer
or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key® III+ to
have keys made and programmed to the system.
2-23
See your dealer/retailer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key blank that is cut
exactly as the ignition key that operates the system.
Starting and Operating
Your Vehicle
To program the new key:
1. Verify that the new key has a
1 stamped on it.
2. Insert the original, already programmed, key in the
ignition and start the engine. If the engine will not
start, see your dealer/retailer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to
LOCK/OFF, and remove the key.
4. Insert the new key to be programmed and turn it to
the ON/RUN position within five seconds of turning
the original key to LOCK/OFF.
The security light will turn off once the key has
been programmed.
5. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are to
be programmed.
If you lose or damage your PASS-Key® III+ key, see
your dealer/retailer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made.
Do not leave the key or device that disarms or
deactivates the theft deterrent system in the vehicle.
2-24
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: The vehicle does not need an elaborate
break-in. But it will perform better in the long run if
you follow these guidelines:
• Do not drive at any one constant speed, fast or
slow, for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not
make full-throttle starts. Avoid downshifting to
brake or slow the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time the new brake
linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear and
earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing
a Trailer on page 4-28 for the trailer towing
capabilities of your vehicle and more
information.
Following break-in, engine speed and load can be
gradually increased.
Ignition Positions
The ignition switch has four different positions:
A (LOCK/OFF): This is the only position in which the
ignition key can be inserted or removed. This position
locks the ignition and transmission and steering column.
The steering can bind with the wheels turned off
center. If this happens, move the steering wheel from
right to left while turning the key to ACC/ACCESSORY.
If this doesn’t work, the vehicle needs service.
B (ACC/ACCESSORY): This position lets the radio
and windshield wipers operate while the engine is off.
To use ACC/ACCESSORY, turn the key clockwise.
C (ON/RUN): This position is where the key returns to
after the vehicle is started. This position displays some
of the warning and indicator lights.
In order to shift out of P (Park), ignition must be in the
ON/RUN or ACC/ACCESSORY and the brake pedal
must be applied.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key to turn in
the ignition could cause damage to the switch or
break the key. Use the correct key, make sure it is all
the way in, and turn it only with your hand. If the key
cannot be turned by hand, see your dealer/retailer.
The battery could be drained if you leave the key in
the ACC/ACCESSORY or ON/RUN position with the
engine off. You may not be able to start the vehicle if the
battery is allowed to drain for an extended period of time.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
A warning chime will sound and the Driver Information
Center (DIC) will display DRIVER DOOR OPEN
when the driver door is opened if the ignition is in
LOCK/OFF, ACC/ACCESSORY and the key is in the
ignition. See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73
for more information.
2-25
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Starting the Engine
These vehicle accessories can be used for up to
10 minutes after the ignition key is turned off:
Move the shift lever to P (Park) or N (Neutral).
The engine will not start in any other position.
To restart the engine when the vehicle is already
moving, use N (Neutral) only.
•
•
•
•
Audio System
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Power Windows
Sunroof (if equipped)
Power to these accessories will work up to 10 minutes
or until the driver’s door is opened. For an additional
10 minutes of power, close all the doors and turn the key
to ON/RUN and then back to LOCK/OFF.
2-26
Notice: Do not try to shift to P (Park) if the vehicle
is moving. If you do, you could damage the
transmission. Shift to P (Park) only when the vehicle
is stopped.
Starting Procedure
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the
ignition to START. When the engine starts, let go of
the key. The idle speed will slow down as the engine
warms. Do not race the engine immediately after
starting it. Operate the engine and transmission
gently to allow the oil to warm up and lubricate all
moving parts.
The vehicle has a Computer-Controlled Cranking
System. This feature assists in starting the
engine and protects components. If the ignition
key is turned to the START position, and then
released when the engine begins cranking, the
engine will continue cranking for a few seconds or
until the vehicle starts. If the engine does not
start and the key is held in START, cranking will be
stopped after 15 seconds to prevent cranking
motor damage. To prevent gear damage, this
system also prevents cranking if the engine
is already running. Engine cranking can be
stopped by turning the ignition switch to the
ACC/ACCESSORY or LOCK/OFF position.
Notice: Cranking the engine for long periods of
time, by returning the key to the START position
immediately after cranking has ended, can overheat
and damage the cranking motor, and drain the
battery. Wait at least 15 seconds between each try,
to let the cranking motor cool down.
2. If the engine does not start after 5-10 seconds,
especially in very cold weather (below 0°F or
−18°C), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing the accelerator pedal all the way to
the floor and holding it there as you hold the
key in START for up to a maximum of 15 seconds.
Wait at least 15 seconds between each try, to
allow the cranking motor to cool down. When the
engine starts, let go of the key and accelerator.
If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops again,
repeat these steps. This clears the extra gasoline
from the engine. Do not race the engine
immediately after starting it. Operate the engine
and transmission gently until the oil warms up and
lubricates all moving parts.
Notice: The engine is designed to work with the
electronics in the vehicle. If you add electrical parts
or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer/retailer. If you do not, the
engine might not perform properly. Any resulting
damage would not be covered by the vehicle
warranty.
2-27
Engine Coolant Heater
The engine coolant heater can provide easier starting
and better fuel economy during engine warm-up in cold
weather conditions at or below 0°F (−18°C). Vehicles
with an engine coolant heater should be plugged
in at least four hours before starting.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
The electrical cord is located on the driver side
of the engine, behind the transmission dipstick/fluid
fill location and next to the engine.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
{ CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will not reach,
use a heavy-duty three-prong extension cord
rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts and prevent damage.
The length of time the heater should remain plugged in
depends on several factors. Ask a dealer/retailer in
the area where you will be parking the vehicle for the
best advice on this.
2-28
Automatic Transmission Operation
The automatic transmission may have a shift lever
located either on the steering column or on the console
between the seats.
There are several different positions for the shift lever.
P (Park): This position locks the front wheels. It is
the best position to use when you start the engine
because the vehicle cannot move easily.
{ CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of the vehicle if the shift
lever is not fully in P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. The vehicle can roll.
Do not leave the vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure the
vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly
level ground, always set the parking brake and
move the shift lever to P (Park). See Shifting Into
Park on page 2-33. If you are pulling a trailer,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-28.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in P (Park) before
starting the engine. The vehicle has an automatic
transmission shift lock control system. You have to fully
apply the regular brakes before you can shift from
P (Park) while the ignition key is in ON/RUN. If you
cannot shift out of P (Park), ease pressure on the shift
lever. Push the shift lever all the way into P (Park)
as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift
lever into another gear. See Shifting Out of Park on
page 2-34.
2-29
R (Reverse): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to R (Reverse) while the vehicle is
moving forward could damage the transmission.
The repairs would not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Shift to R (Reverse) only after the vehicle
is stopped.
Also use this gear to rock the vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging the
transmission. See If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice, or Snow on page 4-18 for additional information.
N (Neutral): In this position, the engine does not
connect with the wheels. To restart when you are
already moving, use N (Neutral) only. Also, use
N (Neutral) when the vehicle is being towed.
{ CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while the engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless your
foot is firmly on the brake pedal, the vehicle could
move very rapidly. You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Do not shift into a drive gear
while the engine is running at high speed.
2-30
Notice: Shifting out of P (Park) or N (Neutral) with
the engine running at high speed may damage
the transmission. The repairs would not be covered
by the vehicle warranty. Be sure the engine is
not running at high speed when shifting the vehicle.
D (Drive): This position is for normal driving. It provides
the best fuel economy for the vehicle. If you need
more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push the
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
The transmission will shift down to the next gear and
have more power.
Downshifting the transmission in slippery road conditions
could result in skidding, see Skidding under Loss of
Control on page 4-10.
Notice: Driving the vehicle if you notice that it is
moving slowly or not shifting gears as you increase
speed may damage the transmission. Have the
vehicle serviced right away. You can drive in
2 (Second) when you are driving less than 35 mph
(55 km/h) and D (Drive) for higher speeds until then.
D (Drive) can be used for towing. You may want to
shift the transmission to 3 (Third) or, if necessary, to a
lower gear if the transmission shifts too often under
heavy loads and/or hilly conditions.
See Towing a Trailer on page 4-28 for more information.
3 (Third): This position is also used for normal
driving. However, it reduces vehicle speed more than
D (Drive) without using the brakes. You might choose
3 (Third) instead of D (Drive) when driving on hilly,
winding roads, when towing a trailer, so there is less
shifting between gears and when going down a
steep hill.
2 (Second): This position reduces vehicle speed more
than 3 (Third) without using the brakes. You can use
2 (Second) on hills. It can help control vehicle speed
as you go down steep mountain roads, but then
you would also want to use the brakes off and on.
Notice: Do not shift into 2 (Second) unless you are
going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage the engine and/or transmission.
1 (First): This position reduces vehicle speed even
more than 2 (Second) without using the brakes. You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud.
If the shift lever is put in 1 (First) while the vehicle is
moving forward, the transmission will not shift into first
gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle
in one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transmission. The repair will
not be covered by the vehicle warranty. If you are
stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
2-31
Performance Shifting
If the vehicle has this feature, it can detect a change in
driving patterns. If you make an aggressive driving
maneuver, the vehicle’s transmission automatically
shifts to the lowest possible gear to maximize vehicle
performance. The vehicle will automatically return
to normal operation when you return to normal driving
patterns.
Parking Brake
The parking brake pedal is
located to the left of the
regular brake pedal,
near the driver door.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light on
the instrument panel cluster should come on. If it
does not, you need to have the vehicle serviced.
A warning chime will sound if the parking brake is set, the
ignition is on, and the vehicle speed is greater than 5 mph
(8 km/h). The brake light will come on and stay on until
the parking brake is released. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 3-56 for more information.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down, then push the parking brake pedal down.
When you lift your foot off the parking brake pedal,
the pedal will follow your foot to the released position.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Make sure
that the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-28.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down, then push the parking brake pedal down.
2-32
Shifting Into Park
{ CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of the vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in P (Park) with the parking
brake firmly set. The vehicle can roll. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be
sure the vehicle will not move, even when you are
on fairly level ground, use the steps that follow.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-28.
Steering Column Shift Lever
If the vehicle has a steering column shift lever, use this
procedure to shift the vehicle into P (Park):
1. Hold the brake pedal down.
2. Move the shift lever into P (Park) by pulling the shift
lever toward you and moving it up as far as it will go.
3. With your foot still holding the brake pedal down,
set the parking brake. See Parking Brake on
page 2-32 for more information.
4. Turn the ignition key to LOCK/OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave the vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, the vehicle is in P (Park).
Console Shift Lever
If the vehicle is equipped with a console shift lever,
use this procedure to shift the vehicle into P (Park):
1. Hold the brake pedal down.
2. Move the shift lever into P (Park) by pushing the
lever all the way toward the front of the vehicle
and then to the left.
3. While keeping the brake pedal applied, set the
parking brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-32
for more information.
4. Turn the ignition key to LOCK/OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave the vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, the vehicle is in P (Park).
2-33
Leaving the Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{ CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave the vehicle with the
engine running. The vehicle could move suddenly
if the shift lever is not fully in P (Park) with the
parking brake firmly set. And, if you leave the
vehicle with the engine running, it could overheat
and even catch fire. You or others could be
injured. Do not leave the vehicle with the engine
running.
Torque Lock
Torque lock is when the weight of the vehicle puts too
much force on the parking pawl in the transmission.
This happens when parking on a hill and shifting
the transmission into P (Park) is not done properly and
then it is difficult to shift out of P (Park). To prevent
torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift into
P (Park). To find out how, see “Shifting Into Park” in this
section.
If torque lock does occur, your vehicle may need to be
pushed uphill by another vehicle to relieve the parking
pawl pressure, so you can shift out of P (Park).
Shifting Out of Park
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
If you have to leave the vehicle with the engine running,
be sure your vehicle is in P (Park) and the parking
brake is firmly set before you leave it. See Parking Brake
on page 2-32 for more information.
This vehicle has an electronic shift lock release system.
The shift lock release is designed to:
• Prevent ignition key removal unless the shift lever
is in P (Park)
• Prevent movement of the shift lever out of
P (Park), unless the ignition is in ON/RUN or
ACC/ACCESSORY and the regular brake pedal
is applied.
2-34
The shift lock is always functional except in the case
of a an uncharged or low voltage (less than 9 volt)
battery.
If the vehicle has an uncharged battery or a battery with
low voltage, try charging or jump starting the battery.
See Jump Starting on page 5-38.
Console Shift
If the console shift cannot be moved out of P (Park)
1. Apply the regular brakes.
2. Turn the ignition to ON/RUN or ACC/ACCESSORY
position. See Ignition Positions on page 2-25 for
more information.
3. Push the shift lever all the way into P (Park).
4. Then, shift into the desired gear.
If you still cannot move the shift lever from P (Park),
consult your dealer/retailer or a professional towing
service.
Column Shift
If the column shift cannot be moved out of P (Park)
1. Apply the regular brakes.
2. Turn the ignition key to the ON/RUN or
ACC/ACCESSORY position. See Ignition
Positions on page 2-25 for more information.
3. Shift out of the P (Park) position to the
N (Neutral) position.
4. Move the column shift to the desired gear.
If you still cannot move the shift lever from P (Park),
consult your dealer/retailer or a professional towing
service.
Parking Over Things That Burn
{ CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under the vehicle and ignite. Do not park
over papers, leaves, dry grass, or other things that
can burn.
2-35
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
(Continued)
{ CAUTION:
• The vehicle’s exhaust system has been
Engine exhaust contains Carbon Monoxide (CO)
which cannot be seen or smelled. Exposure to
CO can cause unconsciousness and even death.
• There are holes or openings in the vehicle
modified, damaged or improperly repaired.
Exhaust may enter the vehicle if:
• The vehicle idles in areas with poor ventilation
•
•
(parking garages, tunnels, deep snow that
may block underbody airflow or tail pipes).
The exhaust smells or sounds strange or
different.
The exhaust system leaks due to corrosion
or damage.
CAUTION:
2-36
(Continued)
body from damage or after-market
modifications that are not completely sealed.
If unusual fumes are detected or if it is suspected
that exhaust is coming into the vehicle:
• Drive it only with the windows
completely down.
• Have the vehicle repaired immediately.
Never park the vehicle with the engine running in
an enclosed area such as a garage or a building
that has no fresh air ventilation.
Running the Vehicle While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
{ CAUTION:
Idling a vehicle in an enclosed area with poor
ventilation is dangerous. Engine exhaust may
enter the vehicle. Engine exhaust contains Carbon
Monoxide (CO) which cannot be seen or smelled.
It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
Never run the engine in an enclosed area that has
no fresh air ventilation. For more information,
see Engine Exhaust on page 2-36.
{ CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of the vehicle if the
automatic transmission shift lever is not fully in
P (Park) with the parking brake firmly set.
The vehicle can roll. Do not leave the vehicle
when the engine is running unless you have to.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure the vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground, always set the
parking brake after you move the shift lever
to P (Park).
Follow the proper steps to be sure the vehicle will not
move. See Shifting Into Park on page 2-33.
If parking on a hill and pulling a trailer, see Towing a
Trailer on page 4-28.
2-37
Mirrors
Cleaning the Mirror
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror.
Use a soft towel dampened with water.
The vehicle has an automatic dimming inside rearview
mirror with a compass display. The mirror may also
have OnStar® controls and Intellibeam™. For more
information on Intellibeam™, see “Intellibeam Intelligent
High-Beam Headlamp Control System” under Exterior
Lamps on page 3-29. For more information about
OnStar®, see OnStar® System on page 2-51.
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
Automatic dimming reduces the glare of lights from
behind the vehicle. The dimming feature comes on and
the indicator light illuminates each time the vehicle is
started.
O (On/Off):
Press and hold O for about three seconds
to turn the dimming feature and compass display on
or off.
AUTO 3 (Vehicles with Intellibeam™): Press and
hold for approximately three seconds to turn the
compass display on or off.
2-38
Compass
Compass Operation
Press O or AUTO 3 , depending on the vehicle,
to turn the compass on or off.
When the ignition and the compass feature are on, after
a few seconds, the mirror will display the compass
heading. The compass automatically calibrates as the
vehicle is driven.
Compass Calibration
If after a few seconds, the display does not show the
correct direction, (for example, N for North), there
may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the
compass. Interference can be caused by a magnetic
antenna mount, magnetic note pad holder or a
similar magnetic item.
The compass can be placed in calibration mode
manually by pressing and holding O or AUTO 3 ,
depending on the vehicle, until a C is shown in
the compass display.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the vehicle
in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display
reads a direction.
Compass Variance
The compass is set to zone eight. If you do not
live in zone eight or drive out of the area, the
compass variance needs to be changed to the
appropriate zone.
To adjust for compass variance:
1. Find the current location and variance
zone number on the following zone map.
2. Press and hold O or AUTO
number displays.
3 until a zone
3. Once the zone number displays, press O or
AUTO 3 repeatedly until the correct zone number
displays. Stop pressing the button and the mirror
will return to normal operation. If C appears in
the compass window, the compass may need
calibration. See “Compass Calibration” listed
previously.
2-39
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors
Controls for the outside
power mirrors are located
on the driver door armrest.
Resetting the Power Foldaway Mirrors
Reset the power foldaway mirrors if:
• The mirrors are accidentally obstructed while
folding.
• They are accidentally manually folded/unfolded.
• The mirrors do not stay in the unfolded position.
• The mirrors vibrate at normal driving speeds.
Fold and unfold the mirrors one time using the mirror
controls to reset them to their normal position. A noise
may be heard during the resetting of the power
foldaway mirrors. This sound is normal after a manual
folding operation.
Mirror Adjustment
1. Press (C) to fold the mirrors out to the driving
position.
2. Press (D) to fold the mirrors in to the folded
position.
2-40
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror
If the vehicle has this feature, the driver side mirror
adjusts for the glare of headlamps behind you.
This feature is controlled by the on and off settings on
the automatic dimming rearview mirror.
Park Tilt Mirrors
If your vehicle is equipped with memory mirrors,
it is capable of performing the park tilt mirror feature.
This feature allows the driver and passenger side
mirror to tilt to a factory programmed position when
the vehicle is in R (Reverse). This feature may be
useful in allowing you to view the curb when you are
parallel parking.
When the vehicle is shifted out of R (Reverse) and
either a five-second delay has occurred, or the
ignition is turned to LOCK/OFF, the driver and
passenger side mirror will return to its original
position.
This feature can be enabled/disabled through
the Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC
Vehicle Customization on page 3-86 for more
information.
Outside Convex Mirror
{ CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you could
hit a vehicle on the right. Check the inside mirror or
glance over your shoulder before changing lanes.
The passenger side mirror is convex shaped. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so more can be seen from
the driver seat.
Outside Heated Mirrors
= (Rear Window Defogger):
Press to heat the mirrors.
See “Rear Window Defogger” under Dual Climate Control
System on page 3-40 for more information.
Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
If the vehicle has the Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
system, see Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA) on page 2-45.
2-41
Object Detection Systems
{ CAUTION:
Ultrasonic Front and Rear Parking
Assist (UFRPA)
For vehicles with the Ultrasonic Front and Rear Parking
Assist (UFRPA) system, it operates at speeds less
than 5mph (8 km/h), and assists the driver with parking
and avoiding objects. It can determine how close
objects are to the front bumper, up to 4 feet (1.2 m)
in front of the vehicle and the rear bumper, up to
8 feet (2.5 m) behind the vehicle. The distance sensors
are located on the front and rear bumper.
2-42
The Ultrasonic Front and Rear Park Assist
(UFRPA) system does not replace driver vision.
It cannot detect:
• objects that are below the bumper,
underneath the vehicle, or if they are too
close or far from the vehicle
• children, pedestrians, bicyclists, or pets.
If you do not use proper care before moving
forward and while backing; vehicle damage, injury,
or death could occur. Even with UFRPA, always
check in front of your vehicle before moving
forward and behind your vehicle before backing
up. While moving forward and backing, be sure to
look for objects and check your vehicle’s mirrors.
How the System Works
UFRPA comes on automatically when the shift lever
is moved out of P (Park). The system does not
work at a forward or reverse speed greater than
5 mph (8 km/h).
To be detected, objects must be at least 10 inches
(25.4 cm) off the ground and below hood or trunk level.
Objects must also be within 4 feet (1.2 m) in front of
the vehicle and 8 feet (2.5 m) from the rear bumper.
This distance may be less during warmer or humid
weather.
Front Parking Assist
Display
Rear Parking Assist
Display
The front display is located on top of the instrument panel
to the right of the driver. The front display will have either
three or six lights to provide distance and system
information. With Adaptive Cruise control (ACC), it will
have three lights along with the ACC lights. Without ACC,
it will have six lights. High-toned beeps from the front
speakers are for objects detected near the front bumper.
The rear display is located near the rear window and can
be seen by looking over your right shoulder. The rear
display uses three color-coded lights to provide distance
and system information. Low-toned beeps from the rear
speakers are for the rear bumper.
When backing up, if objects are detected at the same
time near both the front and rear bumpers, both
color-coded light displays will notify you of objects close
to each bumper. If there are objects detected near both
bumpers, the beeps will only be sounded to notify that
objects are close to the rear bumper. However, if while
the vehicle is backing up and an object comes within
1 ft (0.3 m) of the front bumper, and at the same time
there is another object further than 1 ft (0.3 m) from the
rear bumper, then the beeps will only be sounded to
notify you of the closer object that is near the front
bumper.
The system can be disabled using the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See “Parking Assist” under DIC Operation
and Displays on page 3-68 for more information.
2-43
Moving Forward
Backing
When the vehicle is started, the front display will briefly
illuminate to let you know the system is working.
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) comes on
automatically when the shift lever is moved into
R (Reverse). The rear display will then briefly illuminate
to let you know the system is working.
The following describes what will occur with the front
display as you get closer to a object detected in the
front of the vehicle:
Description
English
Metric
amber/amber lights
ACC — one amber light
4 ft
1.2 m
four amber lights
ACC — two amber lights
40 in
1.0 m
four amber/ two red lights
ACC — two amber
lights/one red light
23 in
0.6 m
four amber/ two red lights
flashing and beep for
five seconds
ACC — two amber
lights/one red light
flashing and beep for
five seconds
1 ft
2-44
0.3 m
The following describes what will occur with the rear
display as you get closer to an object detected in
the rear of your vehicle:
Description
English
Metric
amber light
8 ft
2.5 m
amber/amber lights
40 in
1.0 m
amber/amber/red lights
23 in
0.6 m
amber/amber/red lights
flashing and beep for
five seconds
1 ft
0.3 m
The system can be disabled through the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See “Parking Assist” under
DIC Operation and Displays on page 3-68 for more
information.
When the System Does Not Seem to
Work Properly
If the URPA system will not activate due to a temporary
condition, the message PARK ASSIST OFF will be
displayed on the DIC and a red light will be shown on
the rear URPA display when the shift lever is moved into
R (Reverse). This occurs under the following conditions:
• The driver disables the system.
• The ultrasonic sensors are not clean. Keep the
•
Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
The vehicle may have a Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
system. Read this entire section before using the system.
The SBZA system operates on a radio frequency
subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
vehicle’s rear bumper free of mud, dirt, snow,
ice and slush. For cleaning instructions, see
Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-90.
A trailer was attached to the vehicle, or a bicycle or
an object was hanging out of the trunk during the
last drive cycle, the red light may illuminate in
the rear display. Once the attached object is
removed, URPA will return to normal operation.
A tow bar is attached to the vehicle.
This device complies with RSS-310 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
to your dealer/retailer to repair the system.
Frequency of operation: 24.05GHz – 24.25GHz
•
• The vehicle’s bumper is damaged. Take the vehicle
• Other conditions may affect system performance,
such as vibrations from a jackhammer or the
compression of air brakes on a very large truck.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Field Strength: Not greater than 2.5V/m peak (0.25V/m
average) at a distance of 3m
If the system is still disabled after driving forward at
least 15 mph (25 km/h), take the vehicle to your
dealer/retailer.
2-45
The manufacturer is not responsible for any radio or
TV interference caused by unauthorized modifications
to this equipment. Such modifications could void
the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
{ CAUTION:
SBZA is only a lane changing aid and does not
replace driver vision. SBZA does not detect:
• Vehicles outside the side blind zones which
may be rapidly approaching.
• Pedestrians, bicyclists, or animals.
Failure to use proper care when changing lanes
may result in damage to the vehicle, injury, or
death. Always check the outside and rearview
mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and use the
turn signal before changing lanes.
When the system detects a vehicle in the side blind
zone, amber SBZA displays will light up in the side
mirrors. This indicates that it may be unsafe to change
lanes. Before making a lane change, always check
the SBZA display, check the outside and rearview
mirrors, look over your shoulder for vehicles and
hazards, and use the turn signal.
2-46
SBZA Detection Zones
The SBZA sensor covers a zone of approximately
one lane over from both sides of the vehicle, 11 ft. or
3.5 m. This zone starts at each side mirror and
goes back approximately 16 ft. (5.0 m). The height of
the zone is approximately between 1.5 ft. (0.5 m)
and 6 ft. (2.0 m) off the ground.
The SBZA detection zones do not change if the vehicle
is towing a trailer. So be extra careful when changing
lanes while towing a trailer.
How the System Works
SBZA can be disabled through the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See Driver Information Center (DIC)
on page 3-67 for more information. If the SBZA
is disabled by the driver, the SBZA mirror displays
will not light up during normal driving.
When the System Does Not Seem To
Work Properly
Left Side Mirror
Display
Right Side Mirror
Display
When the vehicle is started, both outside mirror displays
will briefly come on to indicate that the system is
operating. While driving forward, the left or right side
mirror SBZA display will light up if a vehicle is detected
in that blind zone. If you activate a turn signal and a
vehicle has been detected on the same side, the SBZA
display will flash to give you extra warning not to
change lanes.
SBZA displays do not come on while the vehicle is
approaching or passing other vehicles. At speeds
greater then 20 mph (32 km/h), SBZA displays may
come on when a vehicle you have passed remains in
or drops back into the detection zone.
Occasional missed alerts can occur under normal
circumstances and will increase in wet conditions.
The system does not need to be serviced due to an
occasional missed alert. The number of missed
alerts will increase with increased rainfall or road spray.
If the SBZA displays do not light up when the system
is on and vehicles are in the blind zone, the system may
need service. Take the vehicle to your dealer/retailer.
SBZA is designed to ignore stationary objects; however,
the system may occasionally light up due to guard
rails, signs, trees, shrubs, and other stationary objects.
This is normal system operation, the vehicle does
not need service.
2-47
SBZA does not operate when the left or right corners
of the rear bumper are covered with mud, dirt, snow, ice,
slush, or in heavy rainstorms. For cleaning instructions,
see Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-90. If the DIC
still displays the SIDE BLIND ZONE SYSTEM
UNAVAILABLE message after cleaning the bumper,
see your dealer/retailer.
SBZA Error Messages
The SBZA displays may remain on if a trailer is attached
to the vehicle, or a bicycle or object is extending out
to either side of the vehicle.
SIDE BLIND ZONE SYSTEM UNAVAILABLE:
This message indicates that the SBZA system is
disabled because the sensor is blocked and cannot
detect vehicles in the blind zone. The sensor may be
blocked by mud, dirt, snow, ice, slush, or even
heavy rainstorms. This message may also activate
during heavy rain or due to road spray. The vehicle does
not need service. For cleaning, see Washing Your
Vehicle on page 5-90.
When SBZA is disabled for any reason other than the
driver turning it off, the driver will not be able to turn
SBZA back on using the DIC. The SIDE BLIND ZONE
ALERT ON option will not be selectable if the
conditions for normal system operation are not met.
Until normal operating conditions for SBZA are met,
you should not rely upon SBZA while driving.
2-48
The following messages may appear in the DIC:
SIDE BLIND ZONE ALERT SYSTEM OFF:
This message indicates that the driver has turned the
system off.
SERVICE SIDE BLIND ZONE ALERT SYSTEM: If this
message appears, both SBZA displays will remain on
indicating there is a problem with the SBZA system.
If these displays remain on after continued driving,
the system needs service. Take the vehicle to your
dealer/retailer.
Lane Departure Warning (LDW)
The vehicle may have a Lane Departure Warning (LDW)
system. Read this entire section before using the system.
{ CAUTION:
The Lane Departure Warning (LDW) system does
not steer the vehicle and is only an aid to help you
stay in your driving lane. The LDW system may not:
• Provide you with enough time to avoid a lane
change collision.
• Be loud enough for you to hear the warning
beeps.
• Work properly under bad weather conditions
•
•
or if the windshield is not kept clean.
Detect lane markings and will not detect
road edges.
Warn you that your vehicle is crossing a lane
marking if the system does not detect the lane
marking.
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
LDW will indicate the system is working whenever
it detects either the left or right lane marking. So if
you depart on the side of the lane that LDW is not
detecting, LDW will not warn you.
If you do not carefully maintain your vehicle
position within the lane, vehicle damage, injury, or
death could occur. Even with LDW, always keep
your attention on the road and maintain proper
vehicle position within the lane. Always keep the
windshield clean and do not use LDW in bad
weather conditions.
When the vehicle crosses a detected lane marking, the
LDW symbol will flash and you will hear three beeps.
LDW will not warn you if the turn signal is on or if
you make a sharp maneuver. Before making a lane
change, check the vehicle’s mirrors, glance over your
shoulder for vehicles and hazards, and start the
turn signal before changing lanes.
(Continued)
2-49
How the System Works
LDW uses a camera located between the inside rearview
mirror and the windshield to detect the lane markings.
@ (Lane Departure Warning):
To turn LDW on and off,
press the LDW control, located by the exterior headlamp
control. An indicator on the control will light to indicate
that LDW is on.
LDW only operates at speeds of 35 mph (56 km) or
greater. If LDW is turned on when traveling at these
speeds, the LDW symbol will appear green if the system
detects a left or right lane marking. This symbol will
change to amber and flash and three beeps will sound if
you cross a detected lane marking without using the
turn signal.
If the LDW symbol does not appear, LDW is not currently
operating and will not warn you.
To change the volume of the warning chime, see Chime
Volume under DIC Vehicle Customization on page 3-86
for more information.
When the System Does Not Seem To
Work Properly
When the vehicle is started, the LDW symbol, located in
the instrument panel cluster, will briefly come on to
indicate that the light is operational.
2-50
The LDW symbol will not appear when the system is
having difficulty seeing the lines on the road or if
the view of the camera on the windshield is blocked
with mud, dirt, snow, ice, or slush, if the windshield
is damaged, or when weather limits visibility, such as
while driving in fog, rain, or snow conditions. This is
normal operation, the vehicle does not need service.
For cleaning instructions, see Washing Your Vehicle
on page 5-90.
LDW warnings may occasionally occur due to tar marks,
shadows, cracks in the road, or other road imperfections.
This is normal system operation, the vehicle does not
need service.
OnStar® System
LDW Error Message
SERVICE LANE DEPARTURE SYSTEM: This message
may appear in the DIC to indicate that LDW is not
working properly. If this message remains on after
continued driving, the system needs service.
Take your vehicle to your dealer/retailer.
LANE DEPARTURE SYSTEM UNAVAILABLE:
This message may appear in the DIC if LDW does not
activate due to a temporary condition.
OnStar uses several innovative technologies and live
advisors to provide a wide range of safety, security,
information, and convenience services. If the airbags
deploy, the system is designed to make an automatic
call to OnStar Emergency advisors who can request
emergency services be sent to your location. If the
keys are locked in the vehicle, call OnStar at
1-888-4-ONSTAR to have a signal sent to unlock
the doors. OnStar Hands-Free Calling, including
30 trial minutes good for 60 days, is available on most
vehicles. OnStar Turn-by-Turn Navigation service,
with one trial route, is available on most vehicles.
Press the OnStar button to have an OnStar advisor
contact Roadside Service.
OnStar service is provided subject to the OnStar Terms
and Conditions included in the OnStar Subscriber
glove box literature.
2-51
Some services such as Remote Door Unlock or Stolen
Vehicle Location Assistance may not be available
until the owner of the vehicle registers with OnStar.
After the first prepaid year, contact OnStar to select a
monthly or annual subscription payment plan. If a
payment plan is not selected, the OnStar system and all
services, including airbag notification and emergency
services, may be deactivated and no longer available.
For more information visit onstar.com (U.S.) or onstar.ca
(Canada), or press the OnStar button to speak with
an advisor.
Not all OnStar services are available on all vehicles.
To check if this vehicle is able to provide the services
described below, or for a full description of OnStar
services and system limitations, see the OnStar Owner’s
Guide in the glove box or visit onstar.com (U.S.) or
onstar.ca (Canada), contact OnStar at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827) or TTY 1-877-248-2080, or press
the OnStar button to speak with an OnStar advisor
24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
OnStar Services Available with the
Safe & Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Airbag Deployment
• Advanced Automatic Crash Notification (AACN)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
(If equipped)
Link to Emergency Services
Roadside Assistance
Stolen Vehicle Location Assistance
Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle Alert
OnStar Vehicle Diagnostic Email
GM Goodwrench On Demand Diagnostics
OnStar Hands-Free Calling with 30 trial minutes
OnStar Virtual Advisor (U.S. Only)
OnStar Services Included with
Directions & Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan Services
• OnStar Turn-by-Turn Navigation (If equipped) or
Driving Directions - Advisor delivered
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
2-52
OnStar Hands-Free Calling
OnStar Virtual Advisor
OnStar Hands-Free Calling allows eligible OnStar
subscribers to make and receive calls using voice
commands. Hands-Free Calling is fully integrated into
the vehicle, and can be used with OnStar Pre-Paid
Minute Packages. Most vehicles include 30 trial minutes
good for 60 days. Hands-Free Calling can also be
linked to a Verizon Wireless service plan in the U.S. or
a Bell Mobility service plan in Canada, depending
on eligibility. To find out more, refer to the OnStar
Owner’s Guide in the vehicle’s glove box, visit
onstar.com or onstar.ca, or speak with an OnStar
advisor by pressing the OnStar button or calling
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar Virtual Advisor is a feature of OnStar
Hands-Free Calling that uses minutes to access
location-based weather, local traffic reports, and
stock quotes. Press the phone button and give a
few simple voice commands to browse through the
various topics. See the OnStar Owner’s Guide for
more information. This feature is only available in the
continental U.S.
OnStar Turn-by-Turn Navigation
Vehicles with the OnStar Turn-by-Turn Navigation
system can provide voice-guided driving directions.
Press the OnStar button to have an OnStar advisor
locate a business or address and download driving
directions to the vehicle. Voice-guided directions to the
desired destination will play through the audio system
speakers. See the OnStar Owner’s Guide for more
information.
OnStar Steering Wheel Controls
This vehicle may have a Talk/Mute button that can be
used to interact with OnStar Hands-Free Calling.
See Audio Steering Wheel Controls on page 3-127
for more information.
On some vehicles, the mute button can be used to dial
numbers into voice mail systems, or to dial phone
extensions. See the OnStar Owner’s Guide for more
information.
2-53
How OnStar Service Works
The OnStar system can record and transmit vehicle
information. This information is automatically sent to
an OnStar Call Center when the OnStar button is
pressed, the emergency button is pressed, or if the
airbags or AACN system deploy. This information usually
includes the vehicle’s GPS location and, in the event of
a crash, additional information regarding the crash that
the vehicle was involved in (e.g. the direction from which
the vehicle was hit). When the Virtual Advisor feature of
OnStar Hands-Free Calling is used, the vehicle also
sends OnStar the vehicle’s GPS location so they can
provide services where it is located.
OnStar service cannot work unless the vehicle is in a
place where OnStar has an agreement with a wireless
service provider for service in that area. OnStar service
also cannot work unless the vehicle is in a place where
the wireless service provider OnStar has hired for that
area has coverage, network capacity and reception when
the service is needed, and technology that is compatible
with the OnStar service. Not all services are available
everywhere, particularly in remote or enclosed areas,
or at all times.
2-54
Location information about the vehicle is only available
if the GPS satellite signals are unobstructed and
available.
The vehicle must have a working electrical system,
including adequate battery power, for the OnStar
equipment to operate. There are other problems OnStar
cannot control that may prevent OnStar from providing
OnStar service at any particular time or place. Some
examples are damage to important parts of the vehicle
in a crash, hills, tall buildings, tunnels, weather or
wireless phone network congestion.
Your Responsibility
Increase the volume of the radio if the OnStar advisor
cannot be heard. If the light next to the OnStar buttons
is red, the system may not be functioning properly.
Press the OnStar button and request a vehicle
diagnostic. If the light appears clear (no light is
appearing), your OnStar subscription has expired and
all services have been deactivated. Press the OnStar
button to confirm that the OnStar equipment is active.
Universal Home Remote
System
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED)
The Universal Home Remote System provides a way to
replace up to three hand-held Radio-Frequency (RF)
transmitters used to activate devices such as garage
door openers, security systems, and home lighting.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
This vehicle may have the Universal Home Remote
System. If there are three round Light Emitting Diode
(LED) indicator lights above the Universal Home Remote
buttons, follow the instructions below.
This system provides a way to replace up to three
remote control transmitters used to activate devices
such as garage door openers, security systems,
and home automation devices.
Do not use this system with any garage door opener
that does not have the stop and reverse feature.
This includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982.
2-55
Read the instructions completely before attempting to
program the transmitter. Because of the steps involved,
it may be helpful to have another person assist with
programming the transmitter.
Be sure to keep the original remote control transmitter
for use in other vehicles, as well as, for future
programming. Only the original remote control
transmitter is needed for Fixed Code programming.
The programmed buttons should be erased when the
vehicle is sold or the lease ends. See “Erasing Universal
Home Remote Buttons” later in this section.
Park the vehicle outside of the garage when
programming a garage door. Be sure that people and
objects are clear of the garage door or gate that is
being programmed.
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Rolling Code
For questions or help programming the Universal
Home Remote System, call 1-866-572-2728 or go to
learcar2u.com.
Most garage door openers sold after 1996 are Rolling
Code units.
Programming a garage door opener involves
time-sensitive actions, so read the entire procedure
before starting. Otherwise, the device will time out and
the procedure will have to be repeated.
To program up to three devices:
1. From inside the vehicle, press the two outside
buttons at the same time for one to two seconds,
and immediately release them.
2-56
3. Immediately return to the vehicle. Press and hold
the Universal Home Remote button that will be
used to control the garage door until the garage
door moves. The indicator light, above the selected
button, should slowly blink. This button may
need to be held for up to 20 seconds.
4. Immediately, within one second, release the button
when the garage door moves. The indicator light
will blink rapidly until programming is complete.
5. Press and release the same button again.
The garage door should move, confirming
that programming is successful and complete.
2. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. It can usually be found where the
hanging antenna wire is attached to the motor-head
unit and may be a colored button. Press this
button. After pressing this button, complete the
following steps in less than 30 seconds.
To program another Rolling Code device such as an
additional garage door opener, a security device,
or home automation device, repeat Steps 1 through 5,
choosing a different function button in Step 3 than
what was used for the garage door opener.
If these instructions do not work, the garage door
opener is probably a Fixed Code unit. Follow the
Programming instructions that follow for a Fixed Code
garage door opener.
2-57
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Fixed Code
To program up to three devices:
For questions or help programming the Universal
Home Remote System, call 1-866-572-2728 or go to
learcar2u.com.
Most garage door openers sold before 1996 are
Fixed Code units.
Programming a garage door opener involves
time-sensitive actions, so read the entire procedure
before starting. Otherwise, the device will time out
and the procedure will have to be repeated.
1. To verify that the garage door opener is a Fixed
Code unit, remove the battery cover on the hand
held transmitter supplied by the manufacturer of
the garage door opener motor. If there are a row
of dip switches similar to the graphic above, the
garage door opener is a Fixed Code unit. If you
do not see a row of dip switches, return to the
previous section for Programming Universal Home
Remote – Rolling Code.
Your hand held transmitter can have between
eight to 12 dip switches depending on the brand of
transmitter.
2-58
The garage door opener receiver (motor head unit)
could also have a row of dip switches that can
be used when programming the Universal Home
Remote. If the total number of switches on the motor
head and hand held transmitter are different, or if
the dip switch settings are different, use the
dip switch settings on the motor head unit to
program the Universal Home Remote. The motor
head dip switch settings can also be used when
the original hand held transmitter is not available.
Example of Eight Dip Switches with Three Positions
The panel of switches might not appear exactly as
they do in the examples above, but they should
be similar.
The switch positions on the hand-held transmitter
could be labeled, as follows:
• A switch in the up position could be labeled as
“Up,” “+,” or “On.”
Example of Eight Dip Switches with Two Positions
• A switch in the down position could be labeled
as “Down,” “−,” or “Off.”
• A switch in the middle position could be labeled
as “Middle,” “0,” or “Neutral.”
2-59
2. Write down the eight to 12 switch settings from
left to right as follows:
• When a switch is in the up position,
write “Left.”
• When a switch is in the down position,
write “Right.”
• If a switch is set between the up and down
position, write “Middle.”
The switch settings written down in Step 2
now become the button strokes to be entered
into the Universal Home Remote in Step 4.
Be sure to enter the switch settings written down
in Step 2, in order from left to right, into the
Universal Home Remote, when completing
Step 4.
3. From inside your vehicle, first firmly press all three
buttons at the same time for about three seconds.
Release the buttons to put the Universal Home
Remote into programming mode.
4. The indicator lights will blink slowly. Enter each
switch setting from Step 2 into your vehicle’s
Universal Home Remote. You will have
two and one-half minutes to complete Step 4.
Now press one button on the Universal Home
Remote for each switch setting as follows:
• If you wrote “Left,” press the left button in the
vehicle.
• If you wrote “Right,” press the right button in the
vehicle.
• If you wrote “Middle,” press the middle button in
the vehicle.
2-60
5. After entering all of the switch positions, again,
firmly press and release all three buttons at the
same time. The indicator lights will turn on.
Reprogramming Universal Home
Remote Buttons
6. Press and hold the button that will be used to
control the garage door until the garage door
moves. The indicator light above the selected button
should slowly blink. This button may need to be
held for up to 55 seconds.
Any of the three buttons can be reprogrammed by
repeating the instructions.
7. Immediately release the button when the garage
door moves. The indicator light will blink rapidly
until programming is complete.
The programmed buttons should be erased when the
vehicle is sold or the lease ends.
8. Press and release the same button again.
The garage door should move, confirming
that programming is successful and complete.
To program another Fixed Code device such as an
additional garage door opener, a security device,
or home automation device, repeat Steps 1-8, choosing
a different button in Step 6 than what was used for
the garage door opener.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate button for at least
half of a second. The indicator light will come on while
the signal is being transmitted.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
To erase either Rolling Code or Fixed Code on the
Universal Home Remote device:
1. Press and hold the two outside buttons at the
same time for approximately 20 seconds, until
the indicator lights, located directly above the
buttons, begin to blink rapidly.
2. Once the indicator lights begin to blink, release both
buttons. The codes from all buttons will be erased.
For help or information on the Universal Home Remote
System, call the customer assistance phone number
under Customer Assistance Offices on page 7-6.
2-61
Storage Areas
Front Storage Area
Glove Box
To access the front storage area, push down and then
release. Push up and forward to remove.
Lift the glove box handle up to open it. Use the key to
lock and unlock the glove box.
Center Console Storage
Cupholders
There are cupholders located in the full floor console,
or in the front of the center seat console. Cupholders are
also located in the rear armrest. Slide the cover back
to access the full floor console cupholder. Fold open the
front of the console to access the center seat console
cupholder.
2-62
If the vehicle has a full floor console it has two storage
areas. Lift the left lever located in the front of the
armrest lid to access the upper storage tray. Lift the
right lever to access the lower storage area. If the
vehicle has a center seat console it will have two storage
areas. Press the button located on the front of the
armrest and lift the armrest cover to access the upper
storage area. Pull the strap located behind the cup
holder to access the lower storage area.
Center Flex Storage Unit
Reinstall the floor mat by lining up the openings in the
floor mat over the hooks and push it down into place.
This vehicle may have a center flex storage unit that
includes a front center seat with a lap belt and an
underseat storage compartment. The center seatback
can also be used as an armrest. Cupholders are also
located at the front edge of the storage unit and can be
accessed by folding the compartment forward.
Properly place the driver’s side floor mat on the floor so
that it does not block the movement of the accelerator
pedal.
Pull the handle rearward to open a storage compartment
and access the accessory power outlet. Pull out to
remove.
When not being used, the center seat lap belt can be
stored in the underseat storage compartment.
Rear Seat Armrest
This vehicle may have a rear seat center console and
armrest. Open the console by pushing the button
and lifting the cover. Inside the console are
two cupholders that can be pulled out when using.
Convenience Net
Floor Mats
The driver’s side floor mat is held in place by two hooks.
Remove the floor mat by pulling up on the rear of the
mat to disconnect it from the hooks.
Use the convenience net, located in the rear, to store
small loads as far forward as possible. The net
should not be used to store heavy loads.
2-63
Sunroof
The vehicle may have a power sunroof.
The switches that operate
the sunroof are located on
the overhead console.
Express Open: The express open feature will operate
from the closed or partially open position. To express
open the power sunroof, fully press the driver side
switch rearward once. To stop the sunroof glass in a
desired position other than to the express-open position,
press the switch again, in either direction, to stop the
movement. If the sunshade is in the closed position, it
will open with the sunroof, or it can be opened manually.
Vent Open: From the closed position, press and hold
the passenger side switch forward to vent the sunroof.
The rear of the sunroof panel will tilt upward to the
full vent position. The sunshade must be opened
manually.
Close: To close the sunroof, operate the controls
according to one of the following:
• From the open position, press and hold the driver
To open or close the sunroof, the ignition must be
turned to ON/RUN or Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
must be active. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 2-26.
2-64
side sunroof switch forward. The sunshade must
be closed manually.
• From the vent position, press and hold the
passenger side sunroof switch rearward.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Horn .............................................................3-6
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-6
Power Tilt Wheel and Telescopic
Steering Column .........................................3-7
Heated Steering Wheel ...................................3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-8
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ........................3-8
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ..................3-9
Forward Collision Alert (FCA) System ................3-9
Flash-to-Pass ...............................................3-13
Windshield Wipers ........................................3-13
Rainsense™ II Wipers ...................................3-14
Windshield Washer .......................................3-15
Cruise Control ..............................................3-16
Adaptive Cruise Control .................................3-19
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-29
Wiper Activated Headlamps ............................3-32
Headlamps on Reminder ................................3-33
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) .......................3-33
Fog Lamps ..................................................3-34
Cornering Lamps ..........................................3-34
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ........................3-34
Instrument Panel Brightness ...........................3-34
Courtesy Lamps ...........................................3-35
Entry Lighting ...............................................3-35
Parade Dimming ...........................................3-35
Reading Lamps ............................................3-35
Footwell Lamps ............................................3-36
Battery Load Management .............................3-36
Electric Power Management ...........................3-36
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver .....................3-37
Battery Run-Down Protection ..........................3-37
Accessory Power Outlet(s) .............................3-38
Ashtray(s) ....................................................3-39
Analog Clock ...............................................3-39
Climate Controls ............................................3-40
Dual Climate Control System ..........................3-40
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-46
Rear Climate Control System .........................3-46
Passenger Compartment Air Filter ...................3-48
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............3-50
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-51
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-52
Tachometer .................................................3-52
Safety Belt Reminders ...................................3-53
Airbag Readiness Light ..................................3-54
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ...................3-55
Charging System Light ..................................3-56
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-56
Antilock Brake System (ABS) Warning Light .....3-57
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light ...3-58
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light .............................3-58
Lane Departure Warning (LDW) Light ..............3-59
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Light ......3-59
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-60
Tire Pressure Light .......................................3-60
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-61
Oil Pressure Light .........................................3-64
Security Light ...............................................3-65
Fog Lamp Light ............................................3-65
Lights On Reminder ......................................3-65
Cruise Control Light ......................................3-66
Highbeam On Light .......................................3-66
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-66
3-2
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-67
DIC Operation and Displays ...........................3-68
DIC Warnings and Messages .........................3-73
DIC Vehicle Customization .............................3-86
Audio System(s) .............................................3-95
Setting the Clock ..........................................3-96
Radio(s) (MP3) .............................................3-99
Using an MP3 ............................................3-110
XM Radio Messages ...................................3-115
Navigation/Radio System ..............................3-116
Bluetooth® .................................................3-116
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................3-127
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................3-127
Radio Reception .........................................3-128
Backglass Antenna ......................................3-129
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ............3-129
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
Console-Shift Model shown, Column-Shift Model similar
3-4
The main components of the instrument panel are the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
L.
M.
N.
Outlet Adjustment on page 3-46.
Driver Information Center (DIC) on page 3-67.
Exterior Lamps on page 3-29.
Instrument Panel Cluster on page 3-51.
Horn on page 3-6.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls on page 3-127.
Ultrasonic Front and Rear Parking Assist (UFRPA)
on page 2-42 and Adaptive Cruise Control on
page 3-19 (If Equipped).
Analog Clock on page 3-39.
Hazard Warning Flashers on page 3-6.
Audio System(s) on page 3-95.
Trunk Release Button. See Trunk on page 2-13.
Instrument Panel Brightness on page 3-34.
Lane Departure Warning (LDW) on page 2-49.
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-8.
O.
P.
Q.
R.
S.
T.
U.
V.
W.
X.
Hood Release on page 5-11.
Parking Brake on page 2-32.
Heated Steering Wheel on page 3-7 (If Equipped).
Cruise Control on page 3-16 or Adaptive Cruise
Control on page 3-19.
Tilt Wheel on page 3-6. Power Tilt Wheel
and Telescopic Steering Column on page 3-7
(If Equipped).
Dual Climate Control System on page 3-40.
Traction Control System Button (Console-Shift
Vehicles). See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-6.
Shift Lever. See Automatic Transmission Operation
on page 2-29.
Accessory Power Outlet(s) on page 3-38.
Glove Box on page 2-62. Valet Lockout Switch on
page 2-20.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Tilt Wheel
| (Hazard Warning Flasher):
A tilt wheel lets the steering wheel position be adjusted.
Press this button
located on the instrument panel, to make the front and
rear turn signal lamps flash on and off. This warns
others that you are having trouble.
Press
The adjustment lever is
located on the left side of
the steering column.
| again to turn the flashers off.
Horn
Press near or on the horn symbols on the steering
wheel pad to sound the horn.
Pull the lever to move the steering wheel up or down.
Release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving.
3-6
Power Tilt Wheel and Telescopic
Steering Column
If the vehicle has this
feature, the power tilt and
telescope wheel control is
located on the outboard
side of the steering column.
Heated Steering Wheel
The vehicle may have a heated steering wheel.
The button for this feature
is located on the steering
wheel.
Press to turn the heated steering wheel on or off. A light
on the button displays while the feature is turned on.
Heating will begin in about three minutes.
Press the control up or down to tilt the steering wheel
up or down.
Press the control forward or rearward and the steering
wheel moves toward the front or rear of the vehicle.
To set the memory position, see DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 3-86 and Memory Seat,
Mirrors and Steering Wheel on page 1-6.
3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster and in the
outside rearview mirror
flashes in the direction of
the turn or lane change.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
G:
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
23:
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
N:
Windshield Wipers
L:
Windshield Washer
_:
Heated Washer Fluid
Flash-To-Pass Feature.
Information for these features is on the pages following.
3-8
Move the lever all the way up or down to signal a
turn. The lever returns automatically when the turn is
complete. If you momentarily press and release the lever,
the turn signal will flash 3 times.
Raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash to
signal a lane change. Hold it there until the lane change is
complete.
The lever returns to its starting position when it is
released.
If after signaling a turn or lane change the arrow
flashes rapidly or does not come on, a signal bulb
may be burned out.
Have the bulbs replaced. If the bulb is not burned out,
check the fuse. See Rear Underseat Fuse Block on
page 5-98.
Turn Signal On Chime
If the turn signal is left on, a warning chime will sound
and the Driver Information Center (DIC) will display
TURN SIGNAL ON after driving about a mile to remind
you to turn it off. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Push forward to change the headlamps from low
beam to high. Pull the lever back and then release
it to change from high beam to low.
This light on the instrument
panel cluster will be on,
indicating high-beam
usage.
Forward Collision Alert (FCA)
System
If your vehicle has this feature, be sure to read this
entire section before using it.
The system operates on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and
with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
3-9
The Forward Collision Alert (FCA) system provides
an audible and visual alert if you approach a vehicle too
quickly that is directly ahead. FCA also provides a visual
alert with no audible alert if you are following another
vehicle much too closely. The FCA alert symbol is located
on top of the instrument panel to the right of the driver.
FCA uses the Adaptive Cruise Control radar to detect a
vehicle directly ahead, in your path, within a distance of
328 ft (100 m) and operates at speeds above 20 mph
(32 km/h).
The FCA control is located
on the steering wheel.
{ CAUTION:
FCA is only a warning system and does not apply
the brakes. When you are approaching a vehicle
or object too rapidly or when you are following a
vehicle too closely that is ahead of you, FCA may
not provide you with enough time to avoid a
collision. FCA is not designed to warn the driver
of pedestrians or animals. Your complete attention
is always required while driving and you should
be ready to take action and apply the brakes.
For more information, see Defensive Driving on
page 4-2.
3-10
To enable or disable FCA, press the Adaptive Cruise
Control button. See Adaptive Cruise Control on
page 3-19.
FCA is enabled when the green light on the button is lit.
FCA is disabled when the indicator light is amber.
Alerting the Driver
{ CAUTION:
The FCA alert symbol will
flash and a warning beep
will sound when driver
action may be required.
• On winding roads, FCA may not detect a
•
vehicle ahead. You could crash into a vehicle
ahead of you. Do not rely on FCA on winding
roads.
When weather limits visibility, such as in fog,
rain, or snow, FCA performance is limited.
There may not be enough warning distance to
the vehicle in front of you. Do not rely on FCA
in low visibility conditions.
The alert symbol will flash when:
• Your vehicle is approaching another vehicle too
quickly.
• Your vehicle is following a vehicle ahead of you
much too closely.
{ CAUTION:
See Defensive Driving on page 4-2 for more information.
When FCA is enabled, the Adaptive Cruise
Control switch is on. If you press another Adaptive
Cruise Control button, you might go into cruise
when you do not want to. You could be startled
and even lose control. Be careful not to press
adaptive cruise buttons unless you want to use
cruise control.
3-11
Detecting the Vehicle Ahead
The vehicle ahead symbol, located next to the FCA
symbol, will only appear when a vehicle ahead of you is
detected in your path. If this symbol does not appear,
or disappears briefly, FCA will not respond to vehicles
you may see ahead. The symbol may disappear on
curves, highway exit ramps, or hills. Also, when another
vehicle enters the same lane as you, the FCA system
will not detect the vehicle until it is completely in your
driving lane.
{ CAUTION:
When the Adaptive Cruise Control radar is blocked
by snow, ice, or dirt, it may not detect a vehicle
ahead. FCA may not help you avoid a collision
under these conditions. Do not use FCA when the
radar is blocked by snow, ice, or dirt. Keep your
radar clean. See “Cleaning the System” under
Adaptive Cruise Control on page 3-19.
3-12
{ CAUTION:
FCA may not detect and warn soon enough to
stationary or slow-moving vehicles or other objects
ahead of you. You could crash into an object ahead
of you. Do not rely on FCA when approaching
stationary or slow-moving vehicles or other objects.
Unnecessary Alerts
FCA may occasionally provide alerts that you consider
unnecessary. It could respond to a turning vehicle
ahead of you, guard rails, signs, and other stationary
objects. This is normal operation, your vehicle does not
need service.
Other Messages
Windshield Wipers
There are three messages that may appear on the
Driver Information Center (DIC). They are CLEAN
RADAR, RADAR CRUISE NOT READY and SERVICE
RADAR CRUISE. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73.
Turn the band with the wiper symbol on it to control the
windshield wipers.
Cleaning the System
The radar can become blocked by snow, ice, or dirt.
If so, you may need to turn off the engine and clean
the lens. See “Cleaning the System” under Adaptive
Cruise Control on page 3-19.
8 (Mist): For a single wiping cycle, hold it on mist
until the wipers start, then release. The wipers stop after
one wipe. For more wipe cycles, hold the band longer.
6 (Delay):
Use to set the delay time between wipe
cycles. The wiper speed can be set for a long or short
delay between wipes. The closer the band is set to
the top of the lever, the shorter the delay.
Flash-to-Pass
6 (Low Speed):
This feature lets you use the high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
1 (High Speed):
The flash-to-pass feature will only work with the
headlamps on. It does not work with Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL).
Pull and hold the turn signal lever toward you to use.
If the headlamps are on low beam, pulling the turn signal
towards you will flash the high beams.
For steady wiping at low speed.
For high-speed wiping.
9 (Off):
Turns the wipers off.
Clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before
using them. If the wipers are frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If they become worn
or damaged, replace with new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor.
A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools.
The vehicle has wiper-activated headlamps. After the
windshield wipers have completed eight wipe cycles
within four minutes, the headlamps automatically turn on.
See Wiper Activated Headlamps on page 3-32 for more
information.
3-13
Rainsense™ II Wipers
For vehicles with this feature, the moisture sensor is
mounted on the interior side of the windshield behind the
rearview mirror. It is used to automatically operate the
wipers by monitoring the amount of moisture build-up
on the windshield. Wipes occur as needed to clear the
windshield depending on driving conditions and the
sensitivity setting. In light rain or snow, fewer wipes will
occur. In heavy rain or snow, wipes will occur more
frequently. The Rainsense II wipers operate in a delay
mode as well as a continuous low or high speed as
needed. If the system is left on for long periods of time,
occasional wipes may occur without any moisture on
the windshield. This is normal and indicates that the
Rainsense II system is activated.
The Rainsense II system can be activated by turning the
wiper band to one of the five sensitivity levels indicated
on the wiper stalk. The position closest to off is the lowest
sensitivity setting, level one. This setting lets more rain or
snow to collect on the windshield between wipes. Turning
the wiper band away from you to higher sensitivity levels
increases the sensitivity of the system and frequency of
3-14
wipes. The highest sensitivity setting, level five is closest
to low. A single wipe occurs each time the wiper stalk is
turned to a higher sensitivity level to indicate that the
sensitivity level has been increased.
Notice: Going through an automatic car wash with
the wipers on can damage them. Turn the wipers
off when going through an automatic car wash.
The mist and wash cycles operate as normal and are
not affected by the Rainsense II function. The Rainsense
II system can be overridden at any time by manually
turning the wiper band to low or high speed.
When Rainsense II is active, the headlamps turn on
automatically. The headlamps will turn off again once the
wipers turn off if it is light enough outside. If it is dark,
they remain on. See Wiper Activated Headlamps
on page 3-32 for more information.
Notice: Do not place stickers or other items on
the exterior glass surface directly in front of
the moisture sensor. Doing this could cause
the moisture sensor to malfunction.
Windshield Washer
{ CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking your
vision.
J (Washer Fluid): Press and release this paddle,
located at the top of the turn signal/multifunction lever,
to spray washer fluid on the windshield. The wipers
will clear the windshield and either stop or return to the
preset speed. For more washer cycles, press and hold
the paddle.
_ (Heated Washer Fluid): The heated windshield
washer fluid system, if the vehicle has this feature,
may be used to help clear ice, snow, tree sap, or bugs
from the windshield. Slide the control on the turn signal/
multifunction lever to this position and then release, to
activate the heated windshield washer fluid system.
This activation initiates four heated wash/wipe cycles.
The first heated wash/wipe cycle may take up to
40 seconds to occur, depending on outside temperature.
After the first wash/wipe cycle, it may take up to
20 seconds for each of the remaining cycles. The heated
windshield washer fluid system may be turned off at any
time by sliding the control on the turn signal/multifunction
lever to this position again.
When the heated windshield washer fluid system is
activated under certain outside temperature conditions,
steam may flow out of the washer nozzles for a short
period of time before washer fluid is sprayed. This is a
normal condition.
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID will be displayed on
the Driver Information Center (DIC) when the washer
fluid is low. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-73.
3-15
Cruise Control
With cruise control, a speed of approximately 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more can be maintained without keeping
your foot on the accelerator. Cruise control does not work
at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h). A cruise control
light appears in the instrument panel cluster when the
cruise control is on.
When the brakes are applied, the cruise control
shuts off.
{ CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
cannot drive safely at a steady speed. So, do
not use the cruise control on winding roads or
in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery roads.
On such roads, fast changes in tire traction can
cause excessive wheel slip, and you could lose
control. Do not use cruise control on slippery roads.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the Traction
Control System (TCS) begins to limit wheel spin, the
cruise control automatically turns off. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-6. When road
conditions let you safely use it again, the cruise
control can be turned back on.
3-16
Setting Cruise Control
I (On):
Turns on the cruise control system.
+ RES (Resume/Accelerate): Press to make the
vehicle accelerate or resume to a previously set speed.
{ CAUTION:
SET– (Set): Press to set the speed.
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button and go
into cruise when you do not want to. You could be
startled and even lose control. Keep the cruise
control switch off until you want to use cruise
control.
The cruise control buttons
are located on left side of
the steering wheel.
[ (Cancel):
Press to cancel cruise control.
Cruise control will not work if the parking brake is set, or
if the master cylinder brake fluid level is low.
If the brakes are applied, the cruise control shuts off.
The cruise light on the instrument panel cluster comes
on after the cruise control has been set to the desired
speed.
1. Press
I.
2. Get up to the desired speed.
3. Press the SET– button located on the steering
wheel and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator.
3-17
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose the cruise control is set at a desired speed
and then the brakes are applied. This shuts off the
cruise control. But it does not need to be reset.
Once the vehicle is traveling approximately 25 mph
(40 km/h) or more, press the +RES (resume/accelerate)
button to return to the desired preset speed. The cruise
light displays again.
The vehicle returns to and stays at the preset speed.
If you press and hold the +RES button, the vehicle
speed increases until the button is released or the brake
is applied. Do not hold in the +RES button, if you do
not want the vehicle speed to increase.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the SET– button, then release
the button and the accelerator pedal. The vehicle
now cruises at the higher speed.
3-18
• Press the +RES button. Hold it there until the
desired speed is reached, and then release
the button. To increase the vehicle speed in very
small amounts, briefly press the +RES button
and then release it. Each time this is done, the
vehicle accelerates approximately 1 mph (1.6 km/h).
The accelerate feature only works after the cruise
control speed is set by pressing the SET– button.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce the vehicle speed while
using cruise control:
• Press the SET– button until the lower speed
desired is reached, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, push the
SET– button briefly. Each time this is done, the
vehicle slows down approximately 1 mph (1.6 km/h).
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase the vehicle speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, the vehicle
slows down to the previous cruise control speed.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control works on hills depends
upon the vehicle speed, load, and the steepness of the
hills. When going up steep hills, you might have to step
on the accelerator pedal to maintain the vehicle’s speed.
When going downhill, you might have to brake or shift to
a lower gear to keep the vehicle’s speed down. Applying
the brake or shifting into a lower gear ends cruise control.
If you need to apply the brake or shift to a lower gear due
to the grade of the downhill slope, you might not want to
attempt to use the cruise control feature.
Ending Cruise Control
To turn off the cruise control, step lightly on the brake
pedal, or press the cancel button on the steering wheel.
Erasing Speed Memory
The cruise control set speed memory is erased when
the cruise control or the ignition is turned off.
Adaptive Cruise Control
For vehicles with this feature, be sure to read this entire
section before using it.
The system operates on a radio frequency subject to
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and
with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) is an enhancement
to traditional cruise control. It allows you to keep
cruise control engaged in moderate traffic conditions
without having to constantly reset your cruise control.
3-19
ACC uses radar to detect a vehicle directly ahead
in your path, within a distance of 330 ft (100 m), and
operates at speeds above 25 mph (40 km/h). When it
is engaged by the driver, the system can apply limited
braking or acceleration of the vehicle automatically
to maintain a selected follow distance to the vehicle
ahead. Braking is limited to 0.25 g’s (2.45 m/sec2)
of deceleration, which is comparable to moderate
application of the vehicle’s brakes. To disengage ACC,
apply the brake. If no vehicle is in your path, the vehicle
will react like traditional cruise control.
{ CAUTION:
• On winding roads, Adaptive Cruise Control
•
{ CAUTION:
Adaptive Cruise Control will not apply hard braking
or bring the vehicle to a complete stop. It will not
respond to stopped vehicles, pedestrians or
animals. When you are approaching a vehicle or
object, Adaptive Cruise Control may not have time
to slow your vehicle enough to avoid a collision.
Your complete attention is always required while
driving and you should be ready to take action
and apply the brakes. For more information,
see Defensive Driving on page 4-2.
3-20
•
may not detect a vehicle ahead. You could
crash into a vehicle ahead of you. Do not use
Adaptive Cruise Control on winding roads.
Adaptive Cruise Control may not have time
to slow your vehicle enough to avoid a crash
when you are driving in conditions where
vehicles may suddenly slow or stop ahead of
you, enter your lane, or cross your vehicle’s
path. If you are driving in these conditions, do
not use Adaptive Cruise Control. The warning
beep and alert symbol may indicate that you
are driving in conditions where Adaptive Cruise
Control should not be used. See “Alerting the
Driver” in this section.
On slippery roads, fast changes in tire traction
can cause needless wheel spinning, and you
could lose control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• When weather limits visibility, such as when in
fog, rain, or snow conditions, Adaptive Cruise
Control performance is limited. There may not
be enough distance to adapt to the changing
traffic conditions. Do not use cruise control
when visibility is low.
The cruise control buttons are located on left side of the
steering wheel.
] (On):
Press to turn the system on.
+ Res (Resume/Accelerate): Press to make the
vehicle resume to a previously set speed or to increase
the set speed when ACC is already active.
Set– : Press to set the speed or to decrease the set
speed when ACC is already active.
[ (Cancel):
Press to cancel ACC.
+GAP (Increase Following Distance): Press to
increase the distance between your vehicle and other
vehicles.
−GAP (Decrease Following Distance): Press to
decrease the distance between your vehicle and other
vehicles.
ACC will not work if the master cylinder brake fluid level
is low.
The ACCs are located on the steering wheel.
3-21
Engaging ACC With the Set Button
The on symbol is located on the display at the top of the
instrument panel to the right of the driver. When the on
symbol is lit on the display, it indicates that ACC is active.
{ CAUTION:
A message on the DIC will also display when ACC is
set. See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73.
If you leave your Adaptive Cruise Control switch
on when you are not using cruise, you might hit a
button and go into cruise when you do not want
to. You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the Adaptive Cruise Control switch off until
you want to use cruise control.
Keep in mind speed limits, surrounding traffic speeds,
and weather conditions when adjusting your set speed.
The set speed is selected by the driver. This is the
speed your vehicle will travel if there is no vehicle
detected in its path.
To set ACC, do the following:
1. Press the
] button.
2. Get up to the speed desired.
3. Press in the SET– button and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
Once ACC is set, it may immediately apply the brakes if
it detects a vehicle ahead is too close or moving slower
than your vehicle.
3-22
If the vehicle is in ACC when the traction control system
begins to limit wheel spin, the ACC will automatically
disengage. See Traction Control System (TCS) on
page 4-6 and StabiliTrak® System on page 4-6. When
road conditions allow you to safely use it again, the ACC
can be turned back on.
Increasing Set Speed While Using ACC
There are two ways to increase the set speed:
• Use the accelerator to get to the higher speed.
Press the SET– button and then release the
button and the accelerator pedal. The vehicle
will now cruise at the higher speed.
• Press the +RES button. Hold it there until the
desired set speed is displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC), then release the switch.
To increase the set speed in very small amounts,
move the switch briefly to +RES. Each time this is
done, the set speed increases by 1 mph (1 km/h).
Your vehicle will not reach the set speed until the
system determines there is not a vehicle in front of you.
At that point, your vehicle speed will increase to the
set speed.
Decreasing Set Speed While Using ACC
Press the SET– button until you reach the lower speed
desired, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, briefly press the
SET– button. Each time this is done, the set speed
decreases by 1 mph (1 km/h) slower.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose the ACC is set at a desired speed and then
the brakes are applied. This will turn off the ACC.
But it does not need to be reset.
Once the vehicle speed reaches about 25 mph (40 km/h)
or more, press the +RES button. ACC will be engaged
with the previously chosen set speed.
Selecting the Follow Distance (GAP)
When the system detects a slower moving vehicle, it will
adjust your vehicle’s speed and maintain the follow
distance (gap) you select.
Use the plus and minus buttons on the steering wheel
to adjust the follow distance.
Press the plus button to increase the distance or the
minus button to decrease the distance. The first button
press shows the current follow distance setting on
the DIC. The current follow distance setting will be
maintained until it is changed.
There are six follow distances to choose from.
The follow distance selection ranges from near to far
(one second to two seconds follow time). The distance
maintained for a selected follow distance will vary based
on vehicle speed. The faster the vehicle speed the further
back your vehicle will follow. Consider traffic and weather
conditions when selecting the follow distance. The range
of selectable distances may not be appropriate for all
drivers and driving conditions. If you prefer to travel at
a follow distance farther than ACC allows, disengage
the system and drive manually.
3-23
Alerting the Driver
The ACC alert symbol is
located on the display at
the top of the instrument
panel to the right of the
driver.
The alert symbol flashes and a warning beep sounds
when driver action may be required. If ACC is engaged,
the alert symbol will flash when:
• ACC cannot apply sufficient braking because you
are approaching a vehicle too rapidly.
• The vehicle speed drops below about
20 mph (32 km/h).
{ CAUTION:
Adaptive Cruise Control has only limited braking
ability to slow your vehicle. In some cases, Adaptive
Cruise Control may not have time to slow your
vehicle enough to avoid a collision. Be ready to
take action and apply the brakes yourself.
See Defensive Driving on page 4-2.
Approaching and Following a Vehicle
The vehicle ahead symbol
is located on the top of the
instrument panel to the
right of the driver.
• A temporary condition prohibits ACC from operating.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for
more information.
• A malfunction is detected in the system. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for more
information.
See Defensive Driving on page 4-2.
3-24
The vehicle ahead symbol only appears when a vehicle
is detected in your path.
If this symbol does not appear, or disappears briefly,
ACC will not respond to vehicles you may see ahead.
Stationary or Very Slow-Moving Objects
{ CAUTION:
When the Adaptive Cruise Control radar is blocked
by snow, ice, or dirt, it may not detect a vehicle
ahead. Adaptive Cruise Control may not have time
to slow your vehicle enough to avoid a collision.
Do not use Adaptive Cruise Control when the
radar is blocked by snow, ice, or dirt. Keep your
radar clean. See “Cleaning the System” later in
this section.
ACC automatically slows your vehicle down when
approaching a slower moving vehicle. It then adjusts
your vehicle speed to follow the vehicle in front at the
selected follow distance. Your vehicle speed increases
or decreases to follow the vehicle in front of you, but will
not exceed the set speed. It may apply limited braking,
if necessary. When braking is active, your brake lights will
come on. Braking may feel or sound different than if you
were applying the brakes yourself. This is normal.
{ CAUTION:
Adaptive Cruise Control may not detect and
react to stationary or slow-moving vehicles or
other objects ahead of you. You could crash into
an object ahead of you. Do not use Adaptive
Cruise Control when approaching stationary
or slow-moving vehicles or other objects.
{ CAUTION:
Adaptive Cruise Control may not detect and react
to stationary or slow-moving vehicles or other
objects ahead of you. Your vehicle may accelerate
toward objects, such as a stopped vehicle that
suddenly appears after the lead vehicle changes
lanes. Your complete attention is always required
while driving and you should be ready to take
action and apply the brakes.
3-25
Low-Speed Deactivation
If your vehicle speed falls below 20 mph (32 km/h) while
following a vehicle ahead, ACC will begin to disengage.
The Driver Alert symbol will flash and the warning beep
will sound. The driver must take action since ACC will not
slow the vehicle to a stop.
Passing a Vehicle/ACC Override
To increase speed to pass a vehicle, use the
accelerator pedal. While you are doing this, the system
will not automatically apply the brakes. A message will
appear on the DIC. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73. Once you remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal, ACC will return to normal operation
and be able to apply the brakes, if needed.
{ CAUTION:
If you rest your foot on the accelerator pedal,
the system will not automatically apply the brakes.
You could crash into a vehicle ahead of you.
Do not rest your foot on the accelerator pedal
when using Adaptive Cruise Control.
3-26
Curves in the Road
{ CAUTION:
Due to Adaptive Cruise Control limitations in
curves, it may respond to a vehicle in another
lane, or may not have time to react to a vehicle in
your lane. You could crash into a vehicle ahead
of you, or lose control of your vehicle. Give extra
attention in curves and be ready to use the brakes
if necessary. Select an appropriate speed while
driving in curves.
ACC may operate differently in a sharp curve. It may
reduce your vehicle speed if the curve is too sharp.
When following a vehicle and entering a curve, ACC
could lose track of the vehicle in your lane and accelerate
your vehicle. When this happens the Vehicle Ahead
symbol will not appear.
ACC may detect a vehicle that is not in your lane and
apply the brakes.
ACC may, occasionally, provide a driver alert and/or
braking that you consider unnecessary. It could respond
to signs, guardrails, and other stationary objects when
entering or exiting a curve. This is normal operation.
Your vehicle does not need service.
3-27
Highway Exit Ramps
Using ACC on Hills and When Towing a
Trailer
{ CAUTION:
Adaptive Cruise Control may lose track of the
vehicle ahead and accelerate up to your set
speed while entering or on highway exit ramps.
You could be startled by this acceleration and
even lose control of the vehicle. Disengage
Adaptive Cruise Control before entering a highway
exit ramp. Do not use Adaptive Cruise Control
while entering or on exit ramps.
Other Vehicle Lane Changes
How well ACC will work on hills and when towing a
trailer depends on your vehicle’s speed, vehicle load,
traffic conditions and the steepness of the hills. It may
not detect a vehicle in your lane while driving on hills.
When going up steep hills, you may want to use the
accelerator pedal to maintain your vehicle’s speed. When
going downhill, especially when towing a trailer, you may
want to brake to keep your speed down. Applying the
brake disengages the system. You may choose not to
use ACC on steep hills, especially when towing a trailer.
Disengaging ACC
To turn off the system, apply the brake pedal, press the
cancel button, or press the ACC button.
If another vehicle enters the same lane as you, ACC will
not detect the vehicle until it is completely in the lane.
Be ready to take action and apply the brakes yourself.
3-28
Erasing Set Speed Memory
Exterior Lamps
Press the ACC button or turn the ignition off.
The exterior lamps control
is located on the instrument
panel to the left of the
steering wheel.
Other Messages
There are three additional messages that may appear
on the DIC. They are SERVICE RADAR CRUISE,
RADAR CRUISE NOT READY and CLEAN RADAR.
These messages will appear to indicate a problem
with the ACC. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73 for more information.
Cleaning the System
The radar can become blocked by snow, ice, or dirt.
If so, you may need to turn off the engine and clean
the lens. Remember, do not use ACC in icy conditions,
or when visibility is low, such as in fog, rain or snow.
The emblem/lens is located in the center of the grille.
To clean the emblem/lens, wipe the surface with a soft
cloth. After cleaning the emblem/lens, try to engage the
ACC. If you are unable to do so, see your dealer/retailer.
It controls the following systems:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Headlamps
Taillamps
Parking Lamps
License Plate Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Fog Lamps
3-29
The exterior lamps control has four positions:
O (Off):
Turns off the exterior lamps except for
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
AUTO (Automatic): Automatically turns on the
headlamps at normal brightness, together with the
following:
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• IntelliBeam™
; (Parking Lamps):
Turns on the parking lamps
together with the following:
• Instrument Panel Lights
• License Plate Lamps
• Taillamps
• Side Marker Lamps
The parking brake indicator light comes on and stays
on while the parking lamps are on with the engine
off and the ignition in ACC/ACCESSORY or ON/RUN.
2 (Headlamps):
Turns on the headlamps together
with the previously listed lamps. A warning chime sounds
if the driver’s door is opened while the ignition switch is off
and the headlamps are on.
# (Fog Lamps):
Press the exterior lamps control to
turn on the fog lamps. See Fog Lamps on page 3-34.
3-30
IntelliBeam™ Intelligent High-Beam
Headlamp Control System
For vehicles with this feature, be sure to read this entire
section before using it.
IntelliBeam is an enhancement to the vehicle’s
headlamp system. Using a digital light sensor on
the rearview mirror, this system turns the vehicle’s
high-beam headlamps on and off according to
surrounding traffic conditions.
The IntelliBeam system turns the high-beam headlamps
on when it is dark enough, there is no other traffic
present, and the IntelliBeam system is enabled.
Turning On and Enabling IntelliBeam™
Press and release the IntelliBeam button on the inside
rear view mirror. The IntelliBeam indicator on the mirror
turns on to indicate the system is on. Once the system
has been turned on, it remains on each time the vehicle
is started, but the IntelliBeam system must be enabled.
To enable the IntelliBeam system, turn the exterior lamp
control to AUTO, with the turn signal/multifunction lever in
its neutral position. The High-Beam On Light appears on
the instrument panel cluster when the high-beams are on.
See Highbeam On Light on page 3-66.
Driving with IntelliBeam™
IntelliBeam only activates the high-beams when driving
over 20 mph (32 km/h).
The high-beam headlamps remain on, under the
automatic control of IntelliBeam, until any of the
following situations occur:
• The system detects an approaching vehicle’s
headlamps.
• The system detects a preceding vehicle’s taillamps.
• The outside light is bright enough that high-beam
headlamps are not required.
• The vehicle’s speed drops below 15 mph (24 km/h).
• The headlamp stalk is moved forward to the
high-beam position or the flash-to-pass feature is
used. See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
on page 3-9 and Flash-to-Pass on page 3-13.
When either of these conditions occur, the
IntelliBeam feature is disabled and the IntelliBeam
light in the mirror turns off until the high-beam
stalk is returned to the neutral position.
• If IntelliBeam was using low-beams prior to this
action, the IntelliBeam feature is temporarily disabled
until the stalk is returned to the neutral position.
• The exterior lamp control is turned to any setting
except AUTO.
When this occurs, IntelliBeam is disabled until the
control is turned back to the AUTO position.
• The IntelliBeam system is turned off at the inside
rearview mirror.
IntelliBeam might not turn off the high-beams if the
system cannot detect other vehicle’s lamps because of
any of the following:
• The other vehicle’s lamp(s) are missing, damaged,
obstructed from view, or otherwise undetected.
• The other vehicle’s lamp(s) are covered with dirt,
snow, and/or road spray.
• The other vehicle’s lamp(s) cannot be detected due
to dense exhaust, smoke, fog, snow, road spray,
mist, or other airborne obstructions.
• Your vehicle’s windshield is dirty, cracked, or
obstructed by something that blocks the view of
the IntelliBeam light sensor.
• Your vehicle’s windshield is covered with ice, dirt,
haze, or other obstructions.
• Your vehicle is loaded such that the front end of
the vehicle points upward, causing the IntelliBeam
sensor to aim high and not detect headlamps and
taillamps.
• You are driving on winding or hilly roads.
3-31
You might need to manually disable or cancel the
high-beam headlamps by turning the low-beam
headlamps on, if any of the above conditions exist.
Disabling and Resetting IntelliBeam™ at
the Rearview Mirror
Cleaning the IntelliBeam™ Light Sensor
The light sensor is located
on the inside of the vehicle
in front of the inside
rearview mirror.
IntelliBeam can be disabled by using the controls on the
inside rearview mirror.
AUTO 3 (On/Off): Press this button on the inside
rearview mirror to disable the system. The IntelliBeam
indicator turns off and does not come back on until
the IntelliBeam button is pressed again.
When IntelliBeam has turned on the high-beams, pull or
push the high-beam stalk. This will disable IntelliBeam.
The IntelliBeam indicator on the mirror turns off. To turn
IntelliBeam back on, press the IntelliBeam button on the
mirror.
A different sensitivity setting is available for dealer/
retailer diagnostics. This is done by pushing and holding
this button for 20 seconds until the IntelliBeam indicator
light flashes three times. If you accidentally activate this,
the vehicle’s setting automatically is reset when the
ignition is turned off and then on again.
3-32
Clean the light sensor window, periodically, using glass
cleaner on a soft cloth. Gently wipe the sensor window.
Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the surface of the
sensor window.
Wiper Activated Headlamps
This feature activates the headlamps and parking lamps
after the windshield wipers are turned on and have
completed eight wipe cycles within four minutes.
When the ignition is turned to LOCK/OFF, the
wiper-activated headlamps immediately turn off.
The wiper-activated headlamps also turn off if the
windshield wipers are turned off.
Headlamps on Reminder
A warning chime will sound if the exterior lamp control
is left on in either the headlamp or parking lamp position
and the driver’s door is opened with the ignition off.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
Fully functional daytime running lamps are required
on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
The DRL system makes the turn signal lamps come on
when the following conditions are met:
• It is still daylight and the ignition is on.
• The exterior lamp control is in the off position.
• The transmission is not in P (Park)
(United States only).
• The light sensor is covered or not detecting light.
See “Sensors” under Dual Climate Control System
on page 3-40.
When DRL are on, no other exterior lamps such as the
parking lamps, taillamps, etc. will be on when the DRL
are being used. The instrument panel will not be lit
up either.
When automatic lighting is on and it is dark enough
outside, the turn signal lamps turn off and normal
low-beam headlamp operation occurs.
When automatic lighting is on and it is bright enough
outside, the regular lamps go off, and the DRL takes over.
If the vehicle is started in a dark garage, the automatic
headlamp system comes on immediately. Once you
leave the garage, it will take approximately one minute
for the automatic headlamp system to change to DRL if
there is light outside. During that delay, the instrument
panel cluster may not be as bright as usual. Make sure
the instrument panel brightness knob is in the full bright
position. See Instrument Panel Brightness on page 3-34.
Turning on automatic lighting or the headlamps will
deactivate the DRL. If the parking lamps or the fog lamps
were turned on instead, the DRL will still deactivate.
To idle the vehicle with the DRL off at night, turn off
automatic lighting and shift the transmission into P (Park).
Placing the vehicle in P (Park) disables the DRL. The
DRL will stay off until the vehicle is shifted out of P (Park).
To drive the vehicle with the DRL off, turn off automatic
lighting and manually turn on the parking lamps or
fog lamps, if the vehicle has them.
The regular headlamp system should be turned on
when needed.
3-33
Fog Lamps
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver
Use the fog lamps for better vision in foggy or misty
conditions.
If the exterior lamp button has been left on, the exterior
lamps will turn off about 10 minutes after the ignition is
turned to LOCK/OFF and a door has been opened. This
protects against draining the battery if the headlamps
or parking lamps are accidentally left on. If you need to
leave the lamps on for more than 10 minutes, use the
exterior lamp control to turn the lamps back on after the
ignition is turned to LOCK/OFF and any door is opened.
The fog lamps button is located on the exterior lamps
control to the left of the steering column.
# (Fog Lamps): Press the exterior lamps button to
turn the fog lamps on or off. A light comes on in the
instrument panel cluster when the fog lamps are in use.
The ignition must be on for the fog lamps to work.
When the headlamps are changed to high-beam,
the fog lamps will turn off. The fog lamps come back on
again when the high-beam headlamps are turned off.
Some localities have laws that require the headlamps to
be on along with the fog lamps.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps come on when the headlamps
or parking lamps are on and you signal a turn with the
multifunction lever. They provide more light for cornering.
3-34
Instrument Panel Brightness
D (Instrument Panel Brightness): This feature
controls the brightness of the instrument panel and
footwell lights, if equipped.
The button for this control is located below the exterior
lamps control.
Push the button in and release to extend the button.
Turn the button clockwise or counterclockwise to
brighten or dim the lights.
Courtesy Lamps
Parade Dimming
The courtesy lamps are located on the headliner above
the rear seat. These lamps come on by turning the
instrument panel brightness knob fully clockwise or when
any door is opened and it is dark outside. Puddle lamps
are located on the bottom of the front and rear door trim.
This feature prohibits dimming of the digital displays and
backlighting during daylight hours when the key is in
the ignition and the headlamps are on. This feature is
fully automatic. When the light sensor reads darkness
outside and the parking lamps are active, the digital
displays can be adjusted by turning the instrument panel
brightness knob counterclockwise to dim and clockwise
to brighten lighting.
Professional vehicles have an additional dome lamp
and also opera lamps.
Entry Lighting
This feature turns on the courtesy lamps and the
backlighting for the door switches and the exterior lamp
control when a door is opened or if the remote keyless
entry transmitter unlock button is pressed. If activated
due to the transmitter, the lighting remains active for
about 40 seconds. Since the entry lighting system
uses the light sensor, it must be dark outside in order
for the courtesy lamps to turn on. The courtesy lamps
turn off approximately 25 seconds after the last door is
closed. They will dim to off if the ignition key is turned to
ON/RUN, or immediately deactivate if the power locks
are activated.
Reading Lamps
The reading lamps are located on the overhead console
on the headliner and in the rear door opening. These
lamps come on automatically when any door is opened
and it is dark outside.
For manual operation, press the button to turn them on.
Press it again to turn them off.
If the reading lamps are left on, they automatically shut
off 10 minutes after the ignition has been turned off.
3-35
Footwell Lamps
For vehicles with footwell lamps, they are located
under the instrument panel and at the rear of the
front seats. These lamps provide soft light to the front
and rear floor areas. They dim with the instrument
panel cluster lights.
Footwell lighting brightness can be adjusted with the
instrument panel brightness control located below the
exterior lamps control. See Instrument Panel Brightness
on page 3-34. The footwell lights will turn off before
the instrument panel lights are at their lowest level of
brightness.
Battery Load Management
This feature monitors the vehicle’s electrical load and
determines when the battery is in a heavy discharge
condition. During times of high electrical loading, the
engine may idle at a higher revolutions per minute (rpm)
setting than normal to make sure the battery charges.
High electrical loads may occur when several of the
following are on: headlamps, high beams, fog lamps,
rear window defogger, the climate control fan at high
speeds, heated seats and engine cooling fans.
3-36
If the battery continues to discharge, even with the
engine idling at a higher rpm setting, some electrical
loads will automatically be reduced. When this occurs,
the rear window defogger may take slightly longer
to clear the glass, the heated seats may not get as
warm as they usually do and the climate control fan
may cut back to a lower speed. For more battery
saving information, see “Battery Saver Active Message”
under DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73.
Electric Power Management
The vehicle has Electric Power Management (EPM) that
estimates the battery’s temperature and state of charge.
It then adjusts the voltage for best performance and
extended life of the battery.
When the battery’s state of charge is low, the voltage
is raised slightly to quickly bring the charge back up.
When the state of charge is high, the voltage is lowered
slightly to prevent overcharging. If the vehicle has a
voltmeter gage or a voltage display on the Driver
Information Center (DIC), you may see the voltage
move up or down. This is normal. If there is a problem,
an alert will be displayed.
The battery can be discharged at idle if the electrical
loads are very high. This is true for all vehicles.
This is because the generator (alternator) may not
be spinning fast enough at idle to produce all the
power that is needed for very high electrical loads.
A high electrical load occurs when several of the
following are on, such as: headlamps, high beams,
fog lamps, rear window defogger, climate control fan at
high speed, heated seats, engine cooling fans, trailer
loads, and loads plugged into accessory power outlets.
EPM works to prevent excessive discharge of the
battery. It does this by balancing the generator’s output
and the vehicle’s electrical needs. It can increase engine
idle speed to generate more power, whenever needed.
It can temporarily reduce the power demands of some
accessories.
Normally, these actions occur in steps or levels, without
being noticeable. In rare cases at the highest levels of
corrective action, this action may be noticeable to the
driver. If so, a Driver Information Center (DIC) message
might be displayed, such as BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE,
BATTERY VOLTAGE LOW, or LOW BATTERY. If this
message is displayed, it is recommended that the driver
reduce the electrical loads as much as possible. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-73.
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver
This feature is designed to protect your vehicle’s battery
against drainage from the interior lamps, trunk lamp,
glove box lamp, or the garage door opener. When the
ignition is turned off, the power to these features will
automatically turn off after 10 minutes. Power will be
restored for an additional 10 minutes if any door or trunk
is opened, or the courtesy lamp switch is turned on.
Battery Run-Down Protection
This feature helps prevent the battery from being
drained, if the interior courtesy lamps, reading/map
lamps, visor vanity lamps or trunk lamp are accidentally
left on. If any of these lamps are left on, they
automatically turn off after 10 minutes, if the ignition
is off. The lamps will not come back on again until
one of the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned on.
• The exterior lamps control is turned off, then on
again.
The headlamps will time-out after 10 minutes, if they are
manually turned on with the ignition on or off.
3-37
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
The accessory power outlets can be used to plug in
electrical equipment, such as a cellular telephone.
If the vehicle has a center console, the power outlet is
located inside the lower storage area. There are outlets
also on the right front lower part of the driver’s seat and
under the climate control system next to the ashtray.
See Center Console Storage on page 2-62.
There are two accessory power outlets in the rear seat
area located on the door armrests next to the ashtrays.
There may be a small cap that must be removed to
access the accessory power outlet. When not using
the outlet be sure to cover it with the protective cap.
The accessory power outlet can be used at any time.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment plugged in
for an extended period of time while the vehicle is
off will drain the battery. Power is always supplied
to the outlets. Always unplug electrical equipment
when not in use and do not plug in equipment
that exceeds the maximum 20 ampere rating.
3-38
Certain accessory power plugs may not be compatible
to the accessory power outlet and could result in blown
vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem
see your dealer/retailer for additional information on the
accessory power outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to the
vehicle can damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle warranty. Do not use
equipment exceeding maximum amperage rating
of 20 amperes. Check with your dealer/retailer before
adding electrical equipment.
Follow the proper installation instructions that are
included with any electrical equipment you install.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by the warranty. Do not hang
any type of accessory or accessory bracket from
the plug because the power outlets are designed
for accessory power plugs only.
Ashtray(s)
Analog Clock
Notice: If papers, pins, or other flammable items
are put in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other
smoking materials could ignite them and possibly
damage the vehicle. Never put flammable items
in the ashtray.
The analog clock is located on the instrument panel
above the radio. The clock is not connected with
any other vehicle system and runs by itself. To adjust
the clock:
Front Ashtray
With the full floor console, the ashtray is located below
the climate control system. To open, push down and
then release the cover. To clean the ashtray, push
the lip of the ashtray to remove it. Push the opposite
side of the ashtray’s lip to install.
For vehicles without the floor console, pull the tray
located below the climate controls to reveal the ashtray.
The ashtray can be removed by pulling on the ledge
located at the top of the ashtray.
1. Locate the adjustment button directly below the
clock face.
2. Push and hold the adjustment button to advance
the clock hands. Holding the button down will
cause the clock to advance faster. Release the
button before reaching the desired time.
3. Push and release the button to increase the time
by one minute increments until the desired time is
reached.
Rear Ashtray
The ashtrays are located on the door armrests.
To use an ashtray, lift the lid.
3-39
Climate Controls
Dual Climate Control System
The heating, cooling, and ventilation for the vehicle can
be controlled with this system.
Dual Climate Control System for Vehicles with
Rear Climate Control
Dual Climate Control System
3-40
A. Fan Control
B. Display
C. Air Delivery Mode
Control
D. Driver and
Passenger
Temperature
Controls
E.
F.
G.
H.
Air Conditioning
Outside Air or AUX
Recirculation
PASS (Passenger
Climate Control)
I. Rear Window
Defogger
Automatic Operation
AUTO 9 (Automatic Fan): When this position is
selected on the fan control, the system adjusts the
fan speed. If the OnStar® system is activated when
this position is selected, the climate control fan speed
will lower.
AUTO (Automatic Mode):
1. Turn the fan control to the AUTO position.
2. Turn the mode control to the AUTO position.
3. Adjust the temperature to a comfortable setting
between 68°F (21°C) and 78°F (26°C).
Choosing the coldest or warmest temperature
setting will not cause the system to heat or cool
any faster. In cold weather, the system will start at
reduced fan speeds to avoid blowing cold air into
the vehicle until warmer air is available. The system
starts out blowing air at the floor but may change
modes automatically as the vehicle warms up to
maintain the chosen temperature setting. The length
of time needed to warm the interior depends on the
outside temperature and temperature of the vehicle.
4. Wait 20 to 30 minutes for the system to stabilize
in order for the system to regulate automatically.
Then adjust the temperature as necessary to
find your comfort setting.
Do not cover the solar sensor located in the center of
the instrument panel near the windshield. For more
information on the solar sensor, see “Sensors” later
in this section.
After the vehicle is started, the display shows the
interior temperature settings and the outside
temperature.
If the AUTO position is selected on the fan or mode
control, the system automatically controls the air
conditioning compressor. The A/C compressor will
run automatically even at cool outside temperatures
in order to dehumidify the air. The A/C indicator light
is lit when the system is operating automatically, even
at near freezing outside temperatures. Press # on the
fan control to turn off the A/C. For improved window
clearing performance in defog or defrost modes, the
A/C compressor runs automatically.
h (AUTO RECIRCULATION): If the AUTO position is
selected on either the fan or mode control, the system
automatically controls the air inlet to supply fresh outside
air or recirculate the interior air to cool the car faster.
The light on the recirculation button will come on when
the system changes to recirculation. Outside air can be
forced by pressing h when the light is lit. For vehicles
without rear climate controls, press : to force outside
air. The next time AUTO fan or mode is selected, the air
inlet will reset back to AUTO operation.
3-41
Manual Operation
9 (Off):
Turns the entire climate control system off.
Outside air still enters the vehicle and is directed to
the floor. The airflow direction and temperature can
be adjusted, as indicated below.
If the temperature is adjusted while the system is off,
the display will light to show the current settings.
Air Delivery Mode Control: Turn clockwise or
counterclockwise to change the current airflow mode.
Select one of the following:
AUTO: Turns on the automatic delivery mode operation.
F (Vent): Air is directed to the instrument panel
outlets.
w x (Driver’s Temperature Controls):
* (Bi-Level):
w x (Passenger’s Temperature Controls):
7 (Floor):
Press the
up or down buttons next to the fan control to manually
increase or decrease the temperature inside the vehicle.
Press the up or down buttons next to the air delivery
mode control to manually increase or decrease the
temperature for the front passenger. If the passenger
climate control system is off, pressing one of these
buttons turns it on.
9 (Fan Control):
Turn clockwise or counterclockwise
to increase or decrease the fan speed. Turning this
control completely counterclockwise will turn on the
automatic fan operation. If the airflow seems low
when the fan speed is at the highest setting, the
passenger compartment air filter may need to be
replaced. See Passenger Compartment Air Filter
on page 3-48.
3-42
Air is divided between the instrument
panel and the floor outlets. In automatic operation,
cooler air is directed to the upper outlets and warmer
air to the floor outlets.
Air is directed to the floor outlets with some
air directed to the side window outlets and the windshield.
If recirculation is selected, it only stays on for
three minutes to reduce windshield fogging.
W (Floor/Defog):
This mode clears the windows of fog
or moisture. Air is directed to the floor outlets, with some
air going to the side window outlets and windshield.
When selected, the system turns off recirculation and
runs the air conditioning compressor unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. The recirculation
mode cannot be selected while in the floor/defog mode.
0 (Defrost): This mode clears the windshield of
fog or frost more quickly. Air is directed to the windshield
and side window outlets. When selected, the system
automatically turns off recirculation and runs the air
conditioning compressor, unless the outside temperature
is at or below freezing. Recirculation cannot be selected
while in the defrost mode. Do not drive the vehicle until
all the windows are clear.
? (Recirculation): Press to turn the recirculation
mode on or off. An indicator light below the button
comes on to show that this mode is on. This mode
recirculates and helps to quickly cool the air inside the
vehicle. It can be used to prevent outside air and odors
from entering the vehicle. This mode cannot be selected
while in the defog or defrost modes. If you try to select the
recirculation mode, the indicator light flashes three times
and turns off.
For professional vehicles, air will be allowed to flow
through the rear outlets. For quicker defrost, press the
AUX button on the front climate control system so that
the light is not lit.
Operation in this mode during periods of high humidity
and cool outside temperatures may result in increased
window fogging. If window fogging is experienced, select
the defrost mode.
# (Air Conditioning): Press to turn the air
conditioning system on or off and override the automatic
system. When in AUTO, the air conditioning compressor
comes on automatically, as necessary. To avoid window
fogging on rainy and humid days at temperatures above
freezing, run the air conditioning.
AUX: For vehicles with a rear climate control system,
press to turn the rear climate control fan on for automatic
operation. After the AUX button is pressed, the indicator
light comes on. Press the button again to turn the
auxiliary fan off. See Rear Climate Control System
on page 3-46.
The air conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so a small amount of water may drip under the vehicle
while idling or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
PASS (Passenger Climate Control): Press to turn the
passenger climate control systems on or off. When the
passenger climate control system is on, the passenger
temperature setting is displayed. The temperature
selected by the front passenger also controls the rear
system air temperature unless the rear seat passengers
select their own comfort setting.
: (Outside Air):
Press to turn the outside air mode
on or off. An indicator light comes on to show it is on.
Air is pulled from outside the vehicle. Pressing ? will
cancel this mode.
If the PASS button is pressed to turn the passenger
temperature setting off, the driver’s temperature knob
will control the temperature for the entire vehicle.
3-43
Rear Window Defogger
Sensors
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog or frost from the rear window.
< (Rear Defogger): Press to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. Be sure to clear as much snow from
the rear window as possible. The rear window defogger
will turn off approximately 20 minutes after the button is
pressed if the vehicle is moving at slower vehicle speeds.
At higher vehicle speeds, the rear defogger may stay on
continuously. Each additional press will run the defogger
for approximately 10 minutes.
The heated outside rearview mirrors will turn on to help
clear fog or frost from the surface of the mirror when
the rear window defogger is on.
Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp object
to clear the inside rear window. Do not adhere
anything to the defogger grid lines in the rear glass.
These actions may damage the rear defogger.
Repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
3-44
The solar sensor, located in the defrost grille, middle
of the instrument panel, monitors the solar radiation.
Do not cover the solar sensor or the system will not
work properly.
There is also an interior
temperature sensor
located next to the steering
wheel that measures the
temperature of the air
inside the vehicle.
In order to prevent false temperature readings at
startup, the displayed temperature will not change
until the following occurs:
• Vehicle speed is above 10 mph (16 km/h) for
5 minutes.
• Vehicle speed is above 32 mph (51 km/h) for
2 and a half minutes.
There is also an exterior temperature sensor located
behind the front grille. This sensor reads the outside
air temperature and helps maintain the temperature
inside the vehicle. Any cover on the front of the vehicle
could cause a false reading in the displayed temperature.
The climate control system uses the information from
these sensors to maintain your comfort setting by
adjusting the outlet temperature, fan speed, and the air
delivery mode. The system may also supply cooler air to
the side of the vehicle facing the sun. The recirculation
mode will also be used as needed to maintain cool outlet
temperatures.
3-45
Outlet Adjustment
Rear Climate Control System
For the front outlets, use the thumbwheel located below
each outlet to change the direction of the airflow. Use the
thumbwheel located next to the outlets to shut the airflow
or to open the outlets and re-direct the air.
For vehicles with a rear climate control system, the rear
seat passengers can adjust the direction of the airflow,
fan speed and temperature for the rear seating area.
This system also works with the main climate control
system in the vehicle.
For the rear outlets, slide the lever left or right and up or
down to change the direction of the airflow.
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets at the base of the windshield that may
block the flow of air into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more
effectively.
The rear climate control system is located on the back
of the center console.
C. Temperature Control
A. Display
D. Air Delivery Mode
B. Fan Control
Control
3-46
AUX (Auxiliary): Press the AUX button located on
the front climate control panel to turn the rear climate
control system on or off. When turned on the rear system
operates in automatic mode and the temperature settings
selected for the front climate control panel will also be
selected for the rear passengers.
To adjust the rear climate control system, the rear
passenger can select a different temperature, mode
or fan speed. Whenever the rear passengers have
adjusted settings on the rear climate control system,
the AUX light is lit on the front climate control system.
When the front climate control system is turned off
or in defrost mode, the rear climate control system is
turned off. The rear system will turn back on once
another front mode is selected.
Automatic Operation
«A ª (Fan Control): Press until AUTO appears on
the display to place the system in automatic mode. When
automatic operation is active, the system automatically
controls the fan speed. If in auto fan mode, pressing the
up arrow button will cancel automatic operation and
places the system in manual mode. If in auto mode,
pressing the down arrow will turn the rear climate
control system off.
«N ª (Air Delivery Mode Control):
Press until
AUTO appears on the display to place the system
in automatic mode. When automatic operation is
active, the system controls the air delivery mode.
For more information on how to use the front climate
control system, see Dual Climate Control System
on page 3-40. For more information on the air outlets,
see Outlet Adjustment on page 3-46.
3-47
Manual Operation
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
«A ª (Fan Control): Press to increase or decrease
the fan speed.
The passenger compartment air filter traps most of the
pollen from the air entering the vehicle. The filter may
need to be changed periodically. For how often to change
the passenger compartment air filter, see Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4.
« b ª (Temperature Control): Press to increase or
decrease the temperature for the rear seat passengers.
Once the rear temperature setting is changed from
following the front temperature setting, it will no longer
follow changes to the front temperature setting until
the front climate control AUX button resets it.
« N ª (Air Delivery Mode Control): Press these
buttons to change the air delivery mode. If in AUTO
air delivery mode, pressing the up arrow button will
cancel automatic operation and place the system in
manual mode.
Y (Vent):
Air is directed to the upper outlets.
% (Bi-Level): Air is divided between the upper outlets
and the floor outlets.
[ (Floor):
3-48
Air is directed to the floor outlets.
The access panel for the passenger compartment air
filter is located under the hood near the windshield,
on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.
To access the passenger compartment air filter:
1. Use a tool to remove the cover. If the vehicle has
tabs that allow the cover to be unlatched with your
fingers, a tool will not be needed for this step.
2. Then, insert a tool behind the push pin located on
the inboard side of the air filter compartment to
carefully pry the pin out.
3-49
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
the warning lights and gages could prevent injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of the vehicle’s functions. Some
warning lights come on briefly when the engine is
started to indicate they are working.
3. To remove the air filter, insert a tool between the air
filter and the compartment wall on the outboard side
of the vehicle. Then, push in to flatten the pin holding
the air filter in place. Gently remove the air filter and
any loose debris that may be inside the air filter
compartment.
4. Insert the new air filter by pushing until you hear
a click. Then, reinstall the push pin and snap the
cover into place.
3-50
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of the vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to indicate a problem with
the vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
while driving, or when one of the gages shows there may
be a problem, check the section that explains what to do.
Follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be
costly and even dangerous.
Instrument Panel Cluster
The instrument panel cluster is designed to show how the vehicle is running. It show how fast the vehicle is going,
how much fuel has been used and many of the other things needed drive safely and economically.
United States version shown, Canada similar
3-51
Speedometer and Odometer
The speedometer shows the speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
See “MPH (km)” under DIC Operation and Displays
on page 3-68 for more information.
The odometer mileage can be checked without the
vehicle running. The vehicle’s odometer works together
with the driver information center. Trip A and Trip B
can be set on the odometer. See “Trip Fuel” under
DIC Operation and Displays on page 3-68 for more
information.
If the vehicle ever needs a new odometer installed, the
new one is set to the correct mileage total of the old
odometer.
3-52
Tachometer
This gage indicates
the engine speed
in revolutions per
minute (rpm).
Safety Belt Reminders
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Several seconds after the engine is started, a
chime sounds for several seconds to remind the front
passenger to buckle their safety belt. This only occurs
if the passenger airbag is enabled. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 1-64 for more information.
The passenger safety belt light, located on the instrument
panel, comes on and stays on for several seconds and
then flashes for several more.
When the engine is started, a chime sounds for
several seconds to remind a driver to fasten the safety
belt, unless the driver safety belt is already buckled.
The safety belt light
comes on and stays on
for several seconds, then
flashes for several more.
This chime and light are repeated if the driver remains
unbuckled and the vehicle is in motion. If the driver
safety belt is already buckled, neither the chime nor
the light comes on.
This chime and light are
repeated if the passenger
remains unbuckled and
the vehicle is in motion.
If the passenger safety belt is buckled, neither the
chime nor the light comes on.
The front passenger safety belt warning light and
chime may turn on if an object is put on the seat such
as a briefcase, handbag, grocery bag, laptop or other
electronic device. To turn off the warning light and or
chime, remove the object from the seat or buckle the
safety belt.
3-53
Airbag Readiness Light
The system checks the airbag’s electrical system for
possible malfunctions. If the light stays on it indicates
there is an electrical problem. The system check includes
the airbag sensor, the pretensioners, the airbag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information on the airbag system, see Airbag
System on page 1-55.
The airbag readiness light
flashes for a few seconds
when the engine is started.
If the light does not come
on then, have it fixed
immediately.
3-54
{ CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after the
vehicle is started or comes on while driving, it
means the airbag system might not be working
properly. The airbags in the vehicle might not
inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate
without a crash. To help avoid injury, have
the vehicle serviced right away.
If there is a problem with the airbag system, an airbag
Driver Information Center (DIC) message can also come
on. See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73
for more information.
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
The vehicle has the passenger sensing system.
See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-64 for
important safety information. The overhead console
has a passenger airbag status indicator.
If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the passenger
airbag status indicator, it means that the right front
passenger frontal airbag and seat-mounted side impact
airbag are enabled (may inflate).
If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the passenger
airbag status indicator, it means that the passenger
sensing system has turned off the right front passenger
frontal and seat-mounted side impact airbag.
If, after several seconds, both status indicator lights
remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there may
be a problem with the lights or the passenger sensing
system. See your dealer/retailer for service.
United States
Canada
When the vehicle is started, the passenger airbag status
indicator will light ON and OFF, or the symbol for on
and off, for several seconds as a system check.
If you are using remote start to start the vehicle from a
distance, if equipped, you may not see the system check.
Then, after several more seconds, the status indicator
will light either ON or OFF, or either the on or off symbol,
to let you know the status of the right front passenger
frontal and seat-mounted side impact airbags.
{ CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light ever comes on and
stays on, it means that something may be wrong
with the airbag system. To help avoid injury to
yourself or others, have the vehicle serviced right
away. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-54
for more information, including important safety
information.
3-55
Charging System Light
This light comes on briefly
when the ignition key is
turned to START, but
the engine is not running,
as a check to show it
is working.
Brake System Warning Light
The vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part is not working, the other part can still
work and stop the vehicle. For good braking both parts
need to be working.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have the brake system inspected right away.
If it does not, have the vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer.
The light should go out once the engine starts. If it stays
on, or comes on while driving, there could be a problem
with the charging system. A charging system message
in the Driver Information Center (DIC) can also appear.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for
more information. This light could indicate that there
are problems with a generator drive belt, or that there
is an electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
If the vehicle must be driven a short distance with the
light on, turn off accessories, such as the radio and air
conditioner.
3-56
United States
Canada
This light comes on briefly when the engine is turned
on. If it does not come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn if there is a problem.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning
light also comes on when the parking brake is set.
The light will stay on if the parking brake does
not release fully. If it stays on after the parking brake
is fully released, it means there is a brake problem.
If the light comes on while driving, pull off the road
and stop carefully. The pedal may be harder to push,
or the pedal may go closer to the floor. It may take longer
to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle towed for
service. See Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-26.
{ CAUTION:
The brake system might not be working properly if
the brake system warning light is on. Driving with
the brake system warning light on can lead to a
crash. If the light is still on after the vehicle has
been pulled off the road and carefully stopped,
have the vehicle towed for service.
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
Warning Light
For vehicles with
the Antilock Brake
System (ABS), this light
comes on briefly when
the engine is started.
If it does not, have the vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer. If the system is working normally the
indicator light then goes off.
If the ABS light stays on, turn the ignition off. If the
light comes on while driving, stop as soon as it is safely
possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine
again to reset the system. If the ABS light stays on, or
comes on again while driving, the vehicle needs service.
If the regular brake system warning light is not on, the
vehicle still has brakes, but not antilock brakes. If the
regular brake system warning light is also on, the vehicle
does not have antilock brakes and there is a problem with
the regular brakes. See Brake System Warning Light on
page 3-56.
For vehicles with a Driver Information Center (DIC),
see DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for
all brake related DIC messages.
3-57
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
This warning light comes
on briefly while starting the
engine.
If it does not, have the vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer. If the system is working normally the
indicator light will then go off.
If it stays on, or comes on while driving, there may
be a problem with the traction control system and the
vehicle needs service. When this warning light is on,
the system will not limit wheel spin.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on when the system is turned on, the vehicle
needs service. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-6 for more information.
3-58
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light
For vehicles with the
StabiliTrak® system, this
light comes on briefly while
starting the engine.
If it does not, have the vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer. If the system is working normally the
indicator light then goes off.
If the light comes on and stays on while driving, there
could be a problem with the StabiliTrak® system and the
vehicle might need service. When this warning light is
on, the StabiliTrak® system is off and does not limit
wheel spin.
The light flashes if the system is active and is working
to assist the driver with directional control of the
vehicle in difficult driving conditions.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 4-6 for more
information.
Lane Departure Warning (LDW)
Light
For vehicles with the lane
departure warning system,
this light briefly comes
on amber, while starting
the vehicle, to indicate
that it is working.
If it does not, have the vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer. If the system is working normally the
indicator light then goes off.
When driving at speeds of 35 mph (56 km) or greater
and LDW is turned on, a green warning symbol appears
when the system has detected lane markings on at
least one side of the vehicle.
For more information see Lane Departure Warning
(LDW) on page 2-49.
When LDW is active, the amber warning symbol comes
on and flashes. Three beeps sound if a lane marking
is crossed without using the turn signal. If the warning
symbol is not on, LDW is not operating and will not
warn when the vehicle crosses a lane marking.
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Light
The engine coolant
temperature warning
light comes on when
the engine is very hot.
This light also comes on briefly when the vehicle is
started.
If the light does not go out or comes on and stays on
while driving, there may be a problem with the cooling
system. Driving with engine coolant temperature light
on could cause the vehicle to overheat, see Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode on page 5-30.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-28 and DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-73 for more information.
3-59
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the
engine coolant
temperature.
Tire Pressure Light
For vehicles with a tire
pressure monitoring
system, this light comes
on briefly when the engine
is started.
It provides information about tire pressures and the
Tire Pressure Monitoring System.
It indicates when the engine has warmed up and if
the cooling system is operating properly. If the gage
pointer moves into the shaded area, the engine coolant
is too hot and the engine coolant temperature warning
light comes on. See Engine Overheating on page 5-28
for more information.
3-60
When the Light is On Steady
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
This indicates that one or more of the tires is significantly
underinflated.
Check Engine Light
A tire pressure message in the Driver Information
Center (DIC), can accompany the light. See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for more
information. Stop and check the tires as soon as it is
safe to do so. If a tire is underinflated, inflate to the
proper pressure. See Tires on page 5-48 for more
information.
When the Light Flashes First and
Then is On Steady
This indicates that there could be a problem with the
Tire Pressure Monitor System. The light flashes for about
a minute and stays on steady for the remainder of the
ignition cycle. This sequence repeats with every ignition
cycle. See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-60
for more information.
A computer system called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) monitors operation
of the fuel, ignition, and emission control systems.
It ensures that emissions are at acceptable levels for
the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment.
This light should come on
when the ignition is on, but
the engine is not running,
as a check to show it
is working. If it does not,
have the vehicle serviced
by your dealer/retailer.
If the check engine light comes on and stays on, while
the engine is running, this indicates that there is an
OBD II problem and service is required.
3-61
Malfunctions often are indicated by the system before
any problem is apparent. Being aware of the light
can prevent more serious damage to the vehicle.
This system assists the service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
Notice: If the vehicle is continually driven with
this light on, after a while, the emission controls
might not work as well, the vehicle’s fuel economy
might not be as good, and the engine might not
run as smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs
that might not be covered by the vehicle warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake, or fuel system
of the vehicle or the replacement of the original
tires with other than those of the same Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect the vehicle’s
emission controls and can cause this light to
come on. Modifications to these systems could
lead to costly repairs not covered by the vehicle
warranty. This could also result in a failure to pass
a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
See Accessories and Modifications on page 5-3.
3-62
This light comes on during a malfunction in one of
two ways:
Light Flashing: A misfire condition has been detected.
A misfire increases vehicle emissions and could damage
the emission control system on the vehicle. Diagnosis
and service might be required.
To prevent more serious damage to the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Reduce vehicle speed.
Avoid hard accelerations.
Avoid steep uphill grades.
If towing a trailer, reduce the amount of cargo being
hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park the vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds, and restart
the engine. If the light is still flashing, follow the previous
steps and see your dealer/retailer for service as soon
as possible.
Light On Steady: An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on the vehicle.
Diagnosis and service might be required.
An emission system malfunction might be corrected by
doing the following:
• Make sure the fuel cap is fully installed.
See Filling the Tank on page 5-7. The diagnostic
system can determine if the fuel cap has been left
off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap allows fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
• If the vehicle has been driven through a deep puddle
of water, the vehicle’s electrical system might be wet.
The condition is usually corrected when the electrical
system dries out. A few driving trips should turn the
light off.
• Make sure to fuel the vehicle with quality fuel.
Poor fuel quality causes the engine not to run as
efficiently as designed and can cause: stalling after
start-up, stalling when the vehicle is changed into
gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration, or
stumbling on acceleration. These conditions
might go away once the engine is warmed up.
If one or more of these conditions occurs, change the
fuel brand used. It will require at least one full tank of
the proper fuel to turn the light off.
See Gasoline Octane on page 5-5.
If none of the above have made the light turn off, your
dealer/retailer can check the vehicle. The dealer/retailer
has the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to
fix any mechanical or electrical problems that might have
developed.
3-63
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Oil Pressure Light
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
might begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on the vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection
could prevent getting a vehicle registration.
Here are some things to know to help the vehicle pass
an inspection:
• The vehicle will not pass this inspection if the check
engine light is on with the engine running, or if the
key is in ON/RUN and the light is not on.
{ CAUTION:
• The vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
OBD II (on-board diagnostic) system determines
that critical emission control systems have not been
completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle
would be considered not ready for inspection.
This can happen if the battery has recently
been replaced or if the battery has run down.
The diagnostic system is designed to evaluate
critical emission control systems during normal
driving. This can take several days of routine driving.
If this has been done and the vehicle still does
not pass the inspection for lack of OBD II system
readiness, your dealer/retailer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
3-64
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
The engine can become so hot that it catches fire.
Someone could be burned. Check the oil as soon
as possible and have the vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
can damage the engine. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
This light comes on briefly while starting the engine.
If it does not, have the vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer. If the system is working normally
the indicator light then goes off.
If the light comes on and stays on, it means that oil
is not flowing through the engine properly. The vehicle
could be low on oil and it might have some other system
problem.
Fog Lamp Light
The fog lamp light comes
on when the fog lamps
are in use.
Security Light
For information regarding
this light and the vehicle’s
security system, see
Content Theft-Deterrent
on page 2-21.
The light goes out when the fog lamps are turned off.
See Fog Lamps on page 3-34 for more information.
Lights On Reminder
This light comes on
whenever the parking
lamps are on.
See Exterior Lamps on page 3-29 for more information.
3-65
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever the cruise
control is set.
Fuel Gage
The fuel gage shows
approximately how
much fuel is in the tank.
It works only when
the engine is on.
The light goes out when the cruise control is turned
off. See Cruise Control on page 3-16 and Adaptive
Cruise Control on page 3-19 for more information.
Highbeam On Light
This light comes on when
the high-beam headlamps
are in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on page 3-9
for more information.
3-66
An arrow on the fuel gage indicates the side of the
vehicle the fuel door is on.
If the fuel supply gets low, the FUEL LEVEL LOW
message appears in the Driver Information Center
and a single chime sounds. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-73 for more information.
Here are a few situations that may occur with the fuel
gage. All of these situations are normal and do not
indicate that anything is wrong with the fuel gage:
• At the gas station the gas pump shuts off before the
gage reads full.
• The gage may change when the vehicle is turning,
stops quickly or accelerates quickly.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill the tank
than the gage indicated. For example, the gage
may have indicated that the tank was half full,
but it actually took a little more or less than half
the tank’s capacity to fill the tank.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
The Driver Information Center (DIC) gives you the status
of many of your vehicle’s systems. The DIC is also used
to display warning/status messages. All messages will
appear in the DIC display located at the bottom of the
instrument panel cluster, below the tachometer and
speedometer. The DIC buttons are located on the
instrument panel, to the left of the steering wheel.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After a short
delay, the DIC will display the information that was
last displayed before the engine was turned off.
The top line of the DIC display shows the vehicle
system information and the warning/status messages.
The bottom line of the DIC display shows the odometer
on the left side. The bottom line of the DIC display
also shows a digital speedometer on the right side.
If a problem is detected, a warning message will appear
on the display. Be sure to take any message that
appears on the display seriously and remember that
clearing the message will only make the message
disappear, not correct the problem.
3-67
DIC Operation and Displays
The Driver Information
Center (DIC) has different
displays which can be
accessed by pressing the
DIC buttons located on
the instrument panel, to the
left of the steering wheel.
U Customization: Press this button to scroll through
each of the customization features. See DIC Vehicle
Customization on page 3-86 for more information on
the customization features.
V Set/Reset: Press this button to reset certain DIC
features and to acknowledge DIC warning messages
and clear them from the DIC display.
y z Menu Up/Down: Press this button to scroll up
and down the menu items.
Trip/Fuel Display Menu Items
3 Trip/Fuel:
Press this button to scroll through the
trip and fuel displays. See “Trip/Fuel Display Menu Items”
following for more information on these displays.
T Vehicle Information:
Press this button to scroll
through the vehicle information displays. See “Vehicle
Information Display Menu Items” following for more
information on these displays.
3-68
3 (Trip/Fuel): The following display menu items can
be displayed by pressing the trip/fuel button:
TRIP A or TRIP B
These displays show the current distance traveled since
the last reset for each trip odometer in either miles (mi)
or kilometers (km). Both odometers can be used at the
same time. Each trip odometer can be reset to zero
separately by pressing and holding the set/reset button
for a few seconds while the desired trip odometer is
displayed.
FUEL RANGE
INST (Instantaneous) ECONOMY (IFE)
This display shows the approximate number of
remaining miles (mi) or kilometers (km) you can drive
without refilling the fuel tank. This estimate is based
on the current driving conditions and will change if the
driving conditions change. For example, if you are driving
in traffic and making frequent stops, the display may read
one number, but if you enter the freeway, the number
may change even though you still have the same amount
of fuel in the fuel tank. This is because different driving
conditions produce different fuel economies. Generally,
freeway driving produces better fuel economy than city
driving.
This display shows the current fuel economy in either
miles per gallon (mpg) or liters per 100 kilometers
(L/100 km). This number reflects only the fuel economy
that the vehicle has right now and will change frequently
as driving conditions change. Unlike average economy,
this display cannot be reset.
Once the range drops below an estimated
40 miles (64 km) remaining, the display will show
FUEL RANGE LOW.
TIMER ON/OFF
If your vehicle is low on fuel, the FUEL LEVEL LOW
message will be displayed. See “FUEL LEVEL LOW”
under DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for
more information.
AVERAGE ECONOMY (AFE)
This display shows the approximate average miles per
gallon (mpg) or liters per 100 kilometers (L/100 km).
This number is calculated based on the number
of mpg (L/100 km) recorded since the last time this
display was reset. To reset this display, press the
set/reset button. The display will return to zero.
FUEL USED
This display shows the number of gallons (gal) or
liters (L) of fuel used since the last reset of this display.
To reset this display, press the set/reset button.
The display will return to zero.
This display can be used like a stopwatch. You can
record the time it takes to travel from one point to
another. To access the timer, press the trip/fuel
button until 00:00:00 TIMER OFF displays.
To turn on the timer, press the set/reset button until
TIMER ON displays. The timer will then start.
To turn off the timer, press the set/reset button again
until TIMER OFF displays. The timer will stop and
display the end timing value.
To reset the timer, press and hold the set/reset button
after the timer has been stopped. The display will return
to zero.
3-69
AVERAGE SPEED
This display shows the average speed of the vehicle in
either miles per hour (mph) or kilometers per hour (km/h).
This average is calculated based on the various vehicle
speeds recorded since the last reset of this display.
To reset this display, press the set/reset button.
The display will return to zero.
BATTERY VOLTAGE
This display shows the current battery voltage. If the
voltage is in the normal range, the value will display.
For example, the display may read BATTERY VOLTAGE
13.2 VOLTS. If the voltage is low, the display will show
LOW. If the voltage is high, the display will show HIGH.
Your vehicle’s charging system regulates voltage based
on the state of the battery. The battery voltage may
fluctuate when viewing this information on the DIC.
This is normal. See Charging System Light on page 3-56
for more information.
If there is a problem with the battery charging system,
the DIC will display a message. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 3-73 and Electric Power
Management on page 3-36 for more information.
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
3-70
Vehicle Information Display Menu
Items
T (Vehicle Information): The following display
menu items can be displayed by pressing the vehicle
information button:
OIL LIFE REMAINING
If the vehicle has this display, it shows the estimated oil
life remaining. If you see 99% OIL LIFE REMAINING on
the display, that means that 99% of the current oil life
remains.
When the oil life is depleted, the CHANGE ENGINE OIL
SOON message will appear on the display. You should
change the oil as soon as possible. In addition to the
engine oil life system monitoring the oil life, additional
maintenance is recommended in the Maintenance
Schedule in this manual. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4 and Engine Oil on page 5-13.
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE yourself after
each oil change. It will not reset itself. Also, be careful not
to reset the OIL LIFE accidentally at any time other than
when the oil has just been changed. It cannot be reset
accurately until the next oil change. To reset the engine
oil life system, See Engine Oil Life System on page 5-16.
The display will show 100% when the system is reset.
UNITS
This display allows you to select between English or
Metric units of measurement. Once in this display, press
the set/reset button to select between ENGLISH or
METRIC units.
turned off. When the SBZA system is turned off, the DIC
will display the SIDE BLIND ZONE ALERT SYSTEM OFF
message as a reminder that the system has been turned
off. See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 and
Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA) on page 2-45 for more
information.
PARKING ASSIST
FRONT TIRES or REAR TIRES
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Front and Rear
Parking Assist (UFRPA) system, this display allows the
system to be turned on or off. Once in this display, press
the set/reset button to select between ON or OFF. If you
choose ON, the system will be turned on. If you choose
OFF, the system will be turned off. The UFRPA system
automatically turns back on after each vehicle start.
When the UFRPA system is turned off and the vehicle is
shifted out of P (Park), the DIC will display the PARKING
ASSIST OFF message as a reminder that the system
has been turned off. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73 and Ultrasonic Front and Rear Parking
Assist (UFRPA) on page 2-42 for more information.
On vehicles with the Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS), the pressure for each tire can be
viewed in the DIC. The tire pressure will be shown in
either pounds per square inch (psi) or kilopascals (kPa).
Press the vehicle information button until the DIC
displays FRONT TIRES PSI (kPa) LEFT ## RIGHT ##.
Press the vehicle information button again until the
DIC displays REAR TIRES PSI (kPa) LEFT ##
RIGHT ##.
SIDE BLIND ZONE ALERT
If your vehicle has the Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
system, this display allows the system to be turned on
or off. Once in this display, press the set/reset button to
select between ON or OFF. If you choose ON, the system
will be turned on. If you choose OFF, the system will be
If a low or high tire pressure condition is detected by
the system while driving, a message advising you
to check the pressure in a specific tire will appear in
the display. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57
and DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73 for
more information.
If the tire pressure display shows dashes instead of
a value, there may be a problem with your vehicle. If this
consistently occurs, see your dealer/retailer for service.
3-71
SPEED LIMIT: XXX MPH (SPEED LIMIT:
XXX Km/h) or ADVISORY: XXX MPH
(ADVISORY: XXX Km/h)
This display will show the speed limit or the advised
speed as determined by the information on the map disc
in the navigation system. If there is no map disc in the
navigation system, this display will not be available.
The speed limit and speed advisory displays on the
DIC are for reference only. There may be segments of
road where speed data has not been captured or times
where incorrect speed data, or no speed data, will be
displayed by the DIC due to the navigation system not
correctly matching the vehicle’s position to the actual
road. Be aware of this and obey posted speed limits
wherever you drive.
SPEED ALERT
This display will allow you to customize the speed alert
warning. You can choose to have no warning display,
or to have it display at the limit, at 5 mph (km/h) over
the limit, or at 10 mph (km/h) over the limit. The DIC
will toggle between OFF, AT LIMIT, +5, +10 (MPH or
Km/h). Press the reset button to make your selection.
RELEARN REMOTE KEY
This display allows you to match Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitters to your vehicle. This procedure
will erase all previously learned transmitters. Therefore,
they must be relearned as additional transmitters.
To match an RKE transmitter to your vehicle:
1. Press the vehicle information button until
PRESS V TO RELEARN REMOTE KEY displays.
2. Press the set/reset button until REMOTE KEY
LEARNING ACTIVE is displayed.
3. Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons on
the first transmitter at the same time for about
15 seconds.
On vehicles with memory recall seats, the first
transmitter learned will match driver 1 and
the second will match driver 2.
A chime will sound indicating that the transmitter is
matched.
4. To match additional transmitters at this time, repeat
Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of eight
transmitters matched to it.
5. To exit the programming mode, you must cycle the
key to LOCK/OFF.
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
3-72
DIC Warnings and Messages
BATTERY SAVER ACTIVE
These messages appear if there is a problem detected
in one of your vehicle’s systems.
This message displays when the system detects that
the battery voltage is dropping beyond a reasonable
level. The battery saver system starts reducing certain
features of the vehicle that you may be able to notice.
At the point that the features are disabled, this message
is displayed. It means that the vehicle is trying to save the
charge in the battery.
You must acknowledge a message to clear it from the
screen for further use. To clear a message, press
the set/reset button.
Be sure to take any message that appears on the
screen seriously and remember that clearing the
message will only make the message disappear,
not the problem.
ADVISORY XXX MPH (km/h)
This message displays when the Speed Alert has been
turned on through the DIC Information Menu and the
vehicle is at or above the advised speed. See DIC
Operation and Displays on page 3-68.
AUTOMATIC LIGHT CONTROL OFF
This message displays when the automatic headlamps
are turned off. See Exterior Lamps on page 3-29 for
more information.
AUTOMATIC LIGHT CONTROL ON
This message displays when the automatic headlamps
are turned on. See Exterior Lamps on page 3-29 for
more information.
Turn off all unnecessary accessories to allow the battery
to recharge.
The normal battery voltage range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
You can monitor battery voltage on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) by pressing the trip/fuel button until
BATTERY VOLTAGE is displayed.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
This message displays when service is required for
your vehicle. See your dealer/retailer. See Engine Oil
on page 5-13 and Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
for more information.
When you reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message by clearing it from the display, you still must
reset the engine oil life system separately. For more
information on resetting the engine oil life system,
see Engine Oil Life System on page 5-16.
3-73
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
CRUISE SET TO XXX MPH (km/h)
On vehicles with the Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS), this message displays when the pressure in
one or more of the vehicle’s tires needs to be checked.
This message also displays LEFT FRONT, RIGHT
FRONT, LEFT REAR, or RIGHT REAR to indicate which
tire needs to be checked. You can receive more than
one tire pressure message at a time. To read the other
messages that may have been sent at the same time,
press the set/reset button. If a tire pressure message
appears on the DIC, stop as soon as you can. Have the
tire pressures checked and set to those shown on the
Tire Loading Information label. See Tires on page 5-48,
Loading the Vehicle on page 4-19, and Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-57. The DIC also shows the tire
pressure values. See DIC Operation and Displays on
page 3-68. If the tire pressure is low, the low tire pressure
warning light comes on. See Tire Pressure Light on
page 3-60.
This message displays whenever the cruise control is
set. See Cruise Control on page 3-16 and Adaptive
Cruise Control on page 3-19 for more information.
CLEAN RADAR
This message displays when the driver door is not
closed completely. Make sure that the door is closed
completely.
This message displays when the Adaptive
Cruise Control (ACC) system and the Forward
Collision Alert (FCA) system are disabled because
the radar is blocked and cannot detect vehicles in
your path. It may also activate during heavy rain or
due to road spray. To clean the system, see “Cleaning
the System” under Adaptive Cruise Control on page 3-19.
3-74
If your vehicle has Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), after
a few seconds, this message clears and the message
“SET SPD XX” displays at the bottom of the DIC.
See “SET SPD (Speed)” later in this section.
DRIVER DOOR OPEN
This symbol appears with
this message.
ENGINE HOT – A/C
(Air Conditioning) OFF
This message displays when the engine coolant
becomes hotter than the normal operating temperature.
See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-60.
To avoid added strain on a hot engine, the air
conditioning compressor automatically turns off.
When the coolant temperature returns to normal,
the air conditioning compressor turns back on.
You can continue to drive your vehicle.
If this message continues to appear, have the system
repaired by your dealer/retailer as soon as possible
to avoid damage to the engine.
ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the engine
is overheating, severe engine damage may occur.
If an overheat warning appears on the instrument
panel cluster and/or DIC, stop the vehicle as soon as
possible. Do not increase the engine speed above
normal idling speed. See Engine Overheating
on page 5-28 for more information.
This message displays when the engine coolant
temperature is too hot. Stop and allow the vehicle
to idle until it cools down. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Warning Light on page 3-59.
See Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode on
page 5-30 for information on driving to a safe place
in an emergency.
ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the engine
is overheating, severe engine damage may occur.
If an overheat warning appears on the instrument
panel cluster and/or DIC, stop the vehicle as soon
as possible. See Engine Overheating on page 5-28
for more information.
This message displays when the engine has overheated.
Immediately look for a safe place to pull your vehicle
over and turn the engine off right away to avoid severe
engine damage. See Engine Overheating on page 5-28
and Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode
on page 5-30. A chime also sounds when this message
is displayed.
3-75
ENGINE POWER REDUCED
This message displays when the engine power is being
reduced to protect the engine from damage. There could
be several malfunctions that might cause this message.
Reduced engine power can affect the vehicle’s ability
to accelerate. If this message is on, but there is no
reduction in performance, proceed to your destination.
The performance may be reduced the next time the
vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be driven at a reduced
speed while this message is on, but acceleration and
speed may be reduced. Anytime this message stays on,
the vehicle should be taken to your dealer/retailer for
service as soon as possible.
If your vehicle has Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), this
message displays to show the follow distance that has
been set. There are six follow distances to choose from.
Each follow distance is shown on the DIC by displaying
from one to six bars between two car symbols.
See Adaptive Cruise Control on page 3-19 for
more information.
FUEL LEVEL LOW
This symbol appears with
this message.
FOLLOWING GAP
This message displays when your vehicle is low on fuel.
Refill the fuel tank as soon as possible. A single chime
sounds when this message is displayed. See Filling the
Tank on page 5-7.
This symbol appears with this message.
3-76
HEATED WASHER FLUID SYSTEM OFF
ICE POSSIBLE DRIVE WITH CARE
This message displays when you manually turn off
the heated washer fluid system or when the system
automatically turns off. See “Heated Washer Fluid”
under Windshield Washer on page 3-15 for more
information.
This message displays when the outside temperature
is cold enough to create icy road conditions. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
HEATING WASH (Washer) FLUID
WASH (Washer) WIPES PENDING
LANE DEPARTURE SYSTEM
UNAVAILABLE
This message displays when you turn on the heated
washer fluid system. See “Heated Washer Fluid” under
Windshield Washer on page 3-15 for more information.
If your vehicle has the Lane Departure Warning (LDW)
system, this message may display if the LDW system
does not activate due to a temporary condition.
See Lane Departure Warning (LDW) on page 2-49
for more information.
HOOD OPEN
LEFT REAR DOOR OPEN
This symbol appears with
this message.
This message displays when the hood is not closed
completely. Make sure that the hood is closed
completely. See Hood Release on page 5-11.
This symbol appears with
this message.
This message displays when the driver side rear door
is not closed completely. Make sure that the door
is closed completely.
3-77
NO CRUISE BRAKING GAS PEDAL
APPLIED
This message displays when the Adaptive Cruise
Control (ACC) is engaged and you are pressing the
accelerator pedal enough to disable ACC automatic
braking. See Adaptive Cruise Control on page 3-19
for more information.
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the engine
oil pressure is low, severe engine damage may
occur. If a low oil pressure warning appears on
the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, stop the
vehicle as soon as possible. Do not drive the vehicle
until the cause of the low oil pressure is corrected.
See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for more information.
PARKING ASSIST OFF
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Front and Rear
Parking Assist (UFRPA) system, after the vehicle is
shifted out of P (Park), this message displays to remind
the driver that the UFRPA system has been turned off.
Press the set/reset button to acknowledge this message
and clear it from the DIC display. To turn the UFRPA
system back on, see “PARKING ASSIST” under DIC
Operation and Displays on page 3-68. See Ultrasonic
Front and Rear Parking Assist (UFRPA) on page 2-42
for more information.
PASSENGER DOOR OPEN
This symbol appears with
this message.
This message displays when the vehicle’s engine
oil pressure is low. The oil pressure light also appears
on the instrument panel cluster. See Oil Pressure
Light on page 3-64.
A multiple chime sounds when this message is
displayed. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for more
information.
Stop the vehicle immediately, as engine damage can
result from driving a vehicle with low oil pressure.
Have the vehicle serviced by your dealer/retailer as
soon as possible when this message is displayed.
3-78
This message displays when the passenger side front
door is not closed completely. Make sure that the door is
closed completely.
RADAR CRUISE NOT READY
REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
This message displays when the Adaptive Cruise
Control (ACC) system will not activate due to a
temporary condition. Your vehicle does not require
service. If this message appears when you attempt to
activate the system, continue driving for several minutes
and then try activating the system again. See Adaptive
Cruise Control on page 3-19 for more information.
This message displays when the battery in the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter needs to be replaced.
To replace the battery, see “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation on
page 2-5.
RIGHT REAR DOOR OPEN
RAINSENSE WIPERS ACTIVE
This symbol appears with
this message.
If your vehicle has Rainsense™ II wipers, this message
displays while this feature is active. See Rainsense™
II Wipers on page 3-14 for more information.
REMOTE KEY LEARNING ACTIVE
This message displays while you are matching a
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter to your vehicle.
See “Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle” under
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation
on page 2-5 and DIC Operation and Displays on
page 3-68 for more information.
This message displays when the passenger side rear
door is not closed completely. Make sure that the door is
closed completely.
SERVICE AIR BAG
This message displays when there is a problem with
the airbag system. Have your vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer immediately. See Airbag Readiness
Light on page 3-54 for more information.
3-79
SERVICE A/C SYSTEM
This message displays when the air delivery mode door
or the electronic sensors that control the air conditioning
and heating systems are no longer working. Have the
climate control system serviced by your dealer/retailer
if you notice a drop in heating and air conditioning
efficiency.
SERVICE BATTERY CHARGING
SYSTEM
This message displays when a problem with the
charging system has been detected. The charging
system light also displays on the instrument panel
cluster. See Charging System Light on page 3-56
for more information. Have your vehicle serviced by
your dealer/retailer.
SERVICE BRAKE ASSIST
This message displays if there is a problem with the
brake system. The brake system warning light and
the antilock brake system warning light may also be
displayed on the instrument panel cluster. See Brake
System Warning Light on page 3-56 and Antilock Brake
3-80
System (ABS) Warning Light on page 3-57 for more
information. If this happens, stop as soon as possible and
turn off the vehicle. Restart the vehicle and check for the
message on the DIC display. If the message is displayed
or appears again when you begin driving, the brake
system needs service. See your dealer/retailer as soon
as possible. See Brakes on page 5-33 for more
information.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
This message displays if the ignition is on to inform the
driver that the brake fluid level is low. Have the brake
system serviced by your dealer/retailer as soon as
possible.
SERVICE LANE DEPARTURE SYSTEM
If your vehicle has the Lane Departure Warning (LDW)
system, this message may display to indicate that the
LDW system is not working properly. If this message
remains on after continued driving, the system needs
service. See your dealer/retailer. See Lane Departure
Warning (LDW) on page 2-49 for more information.
SERVICE PARKING ASSIST
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Front and Rear
Parking Assist (UFRPA) system, this message displays
if there is a problem with the UFRPA system. Do not
use this system to help you park. See Ultrasonic Front
and Rear Parking Assist (UFRPA) on page 2-42 for
more information. See your dealer/retailer for service.
SERVICE POWER STEERING
Your vehicle may have a speed variable assist steering
system. See Steering on page 4-8.
SERVICE SIDE BLIND ZONE ALERT
SYSTEM
If your vehicle has the Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
system and this message displays, both SBZA displays
will remain on indicating there is a problem with the
SBZA system. If these displays remain on after continued
driving, the system needs service. See your dealer/
retailer. See Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA) on page 2-45
for more information.
SERVICE STABILITRAK
This message displays if a problem is detected with
the speed variable assist steering system. When this
message is displayed, you may notice that the effort
required to steer the vehicle decreases or feels lighter,
but you will still be able to steer the vehicle.
Your vehicle may have a vehicle stability enhancement
system called StabiliTrak®. See StabiliTrak® System
on page 4-6.
SERVICE RADAR CRUISE
If this message comes on while you are driving, pull
off the road as soon as possible and stop carefully.
Try resetting the system by turning the ignition off then
back on. If this message still stays on or comes back on
again while you are driving, your vehicle needs service.
Have the StabiliTrak system inspected by your dealer/
retailer as soon as possible.
This message displays when the Adaptive Cruise
Control (ACC) system and the Forward Collision
Alert (FCA) system are disabled and need service.
See your dealer/retailer.
This message displays if there has been a problem
detected with the StabiliTrak system.
3-81
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS (System)
SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
This message displays when the magnetic ride
control or automatic leveling control system is not
operating properly. Have your vehicle serviced by
your dealer/retailer.
This message displays when there is a problem with the
Traction Control System (TCS). When this message is
displayed, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly. See your dealer/retailer for service.
See Traction Control System (TCS) on page 4-6 for more
information.
SERVICE THEFT DETERRENT SYSTEM
This message displays when there is a problem with
the theft-deterrent system programmed in the key. A fault
has been detected in the system which means that the
system is disabled and it is not protecting the vehicle.
The vehicle usually restarts; however, you may want to
take the vehicle to your dealer/retailer before turning off
the engine. See PASS-Key® III+ Electronic Immobilizer
Operation on page 2-23 for more information.
SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
On vehicles with the Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS), this message displays if a part on the TPMS
is not working properly. The tire pressure light
also flashes and then remains on during the same
ignition cycle. See Tire Pressure Light on page 3-60.
Several conditions may cause this message to appear.
See Tire Pressure Monitor Operation on page 5-61 for
more information. If the warning comes on and stays
on, there may be a problem with the TPMS, see your
dealer/retailer.
3-82
SERVICE TRANSMISSION
This message displays when there is a problem with the
vehicle’s transmission. Have your vehicle serviced by
your dealer/retailer.
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON
This message displays when a non-emissions related
malfunction occurs. Have your vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer as soon as possible.
SET SPD (Speed)
If your vehicle has Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC),
this message displays whenever the cruise control is
set. First, the “CRUISE SET TO XXX MPH (km/h)”
message appears. After a few seconds, the “CRUISE
SET TO XXX MPH (km/h)” message clears and the
message “SET SPD XX” displays at the bottom of the
DIC. See “CRUISE SET TO XXX MPH (km/h)” earlier in
this section and Adaptive Cruise Control on page 3-19
for more information.
SIDE BLIND ZONE ALERT
SYSTEM OFF
If your vehicle has the Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
system, this message displays when the SBZA system
has been turned off. See Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA) on
page 2-45 and DIC Operation and Displays on page 3-68
for more information.
SIDE BLIND ZONE SYSTEM
UNAVAILABLE
If your vehicle has the Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA)
system, this message displays when the SBZA system is
disabled because the sensor is blocked and cannot
detect vehicles in your blind zone. The sensor may be
blocked by mud, dirt, snow, ice, or slush. This message
may also display during heavy rain or due to road spray.
It may also come on when driving in isolated areas with
no guardrails, trees, or road signs and light traffic. Your
vehicle does not need service. For cleaning instructions,
see Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-90. See Side Blind
Zone Alert (SBZA) on page 2-45 for more information.
SPEED LIMIT XXX MPH (km/h)
This message displays when the Speed Alert has been
turned on through the DIC Information Menu and the
vehicle is at or above the speed limit. See DIC Operation
and Displays on page 3-68 for more information.
SPEED LIMITED TO XXX MPH (km/h)
This message displays when your vehicle speed
is limited to 80 mph (128 km/h) because the vehicle
detects a problem in the speed variable assist steering,
magnetic ride control, or automatic leveling control
systems. Have your vehicle serviced by your
dealer/retailer.
STABILITRAK NOT READY
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak, this message may
display and the Traction Control System and StabiliTrak
Warning Light on the instrument panel cluster may
be on after first driving the vehicle and exceeding
19 mph (30 km/h) for 30 seconds. The StabiliTrak
system is not functional until the light has turned off.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 4-6 for more
information.
3-83
STARTING DISABLED SERVICE
THROTTLE
This message displays when your vehicle’s throttle
system is not functioning properly. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer/retailer.
THEFT ATTEMPTED
This symbol appears with
this message.
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
This message displays when the Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) is re-learning the tire positions on
your vehicle. The tire positions must be re-learned after
rotating the tires or after replacing a tire or sensor.
See Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 5-65,
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-60, and
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57 for more
information.
TRACTION CONTROL OFF
This message displays when the Traction Control
System (TCS) is turned off. Adjust your driving
accordingly. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-6 for more information.
This message displays if the content theft-deterrent
system has detected a break-in attempt while you were
away from your vehicle. See Content Theft-Deterrent
on page 2-21 for more information.
TIGHTEN GAS CAP
This message displays when the fuel cap has not been
fully tightened. Recheck the fuel cap to ensure that it
is on and tightened properly.
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TRACTION CONTROL ON
This message displays when the Traction Control
System (TCS) is turned on. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-6 for more information.
TRANSMISSION HOT IDLE ENGINE
TURN SIGNAL ON
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
transmission fluid is overheating and the
transmission temperature warning is displayed
on the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, you
can damage the transmission. This could lead
to costly repairs that would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not drive your vehicle with
overheated transmission fluid or while the
transmission temperature warning is displayed.
This message displays as a reminder to turn off the
turn signal if you drive your vehicle for more than about
1 mile (1.6 km) with a turn signal on. A multiple chime
sounds when this message is displayed.
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID
This symbol appears with
this message.
This message displays when the transmission fluid
in your vehicle is too hot. Stop the vehicle and allow it
to idle until the transmission cools down or until this
message is removed.
TRUNK OPEN
This symbol appears with
this message.
This message displays when your vehicle is low on
windshield washer fluid. Refill the windshield washer
fluid reservoir as soon as possible. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-32 for more information.
This message displays when the trunk is not closed
completely. Make sure that the trunk is closed
completely.
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DIC Vehicle Customization
Your vehicle has customization capabilities that allow
you to program certain features to one preferred setting.
Customization features can only be programmed to
one setting on the vehicle and cannot be programmed
to a preferred setting for two different drivers.
All of the customization options may not be available on
your vehicle. Only the options available will be displayed
on the DIC.
Entering the Feature Settings Menu
1. Turn the ignition on and place the vehicle in
P (Park).
To avoid excessive drain on the battery, it is
recommended that the headlamps are turned off.
2. Press the customization button to enter the feature
settings menu.
If the menu is not available, FEATURE SETTINGS
AVAILABLE IN PARK will display. Before entering
the menu, make sure the vehicle is in P (Park).
The default settings for the customization features were
set when your vehicle left the factory, but may have
been changed from their default state since then.
Feature Settings Menu Items
The customization preferences are automatically
recalled.
The following are customization features that allow you
to program settings to the vehicle:
To change customization preferences, use the following
procedure.
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH
This feature will only display if a language other than
English has been set. This feature allows you to change
the language in which the DIC messages appear to
English.
Press the customization button until the PRESS V TO
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH screen appears on the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button once to display all
DIC messages in English.
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DISPLAY LANGUAGE
AUTO DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the language in which
the DIC messages will appear.
This feature allows you to select when the vehicle’s
doors will automatically lock. See Programmable
Automatic Door Locks on page 2-11 for more
information.
Press the customization button until the DISPLAY
LANGUAGE screen appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the menu up/down button
to scroll through the following settings:
ENGLISH (default): All messages will appear in
English.
DEUTSCH: All messages will appear in German.
FRANCAIS: All messages will appear in French.
ESPANOL: All messages will appear in Spanish.
JAPANESE: All messages will appear in Japanese.
ARABIC: All messages will appear in Arabic.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR LOCK
appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for this feature. Then press
the menu up/down button to scroll through the following
settings:
SHIFT OUT OF PARK (default): The doors
automatically lock when the doors are closed and
the vehicle is shifted out of P (Park).
AT VEHICLE SPEED: The doors automatically lock
when the vehicle speed is above 5 mph (8 km/h)
for three seconds.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
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AUTO DOOR UNLOCK
REMOTE DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select whether or not to
turn off the automatic door unlocking feature. It also
allows you to select which doors and when the doors
will automatically unlock. See Programmable Automatic
Door Locks on page 2-11 for more information.
This feature allows you to select the type of feedback
you will receive when locking the vehicle with the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter. You will not
receive feedback when locking the vehicle with the RKE
transmitter if the doors are open. See Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 2-5 for more
information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the menu up/down button to scroll through
the following settings:
OFF: None of the doors will automatically unlock.
Press the customization button until REMOTE DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the menu up/down button to scroll through
the following settings:
DRIVER AT KEY OUT: Only the driver’s door will
unlock when the key is taken out of the ignition.
OFF: There will be no feedback when you press the
lock button on the RKE transmitter.
DRIVER IN PARK: Only the driver’s door will unlock
when the vehicle is shifted into P (Park).
LIGHTS ONLY: The exterior lamps will flash when you
press the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
ALL AT KEY OUT: All of the doors will unlock when
the key is taken out of the ignition.
HORN ONLY: The horn will sound on the second press
of the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
ALL IN PARK (default): All of the doors will unlock
when the vehicle is shifted into P (Park).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
HORN & LIGHTS (default): The exterior lamps
will flash when you press the lock button on the RKE
transmitter, and the horn will sound when the lock button
is pressed again within five seconds of the previous
command.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
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To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
REMOTE DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of feedback
you will receive when unlocking the vehicle with the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter. You will not
receive feedback when unlocking the vehicle with the
RKE transmitter if the doors are open. See Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 2-5
for more information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the menu up/down button to scroll through
the following settings:
LIGHTS OFF: The exterior lamps will not flash when
you press the unlock button on the RKE transmitter.
LIGHTS ON (default): The exterior lamps will
flash when you press the unlock button on the RKE
transmitter.
DELAY DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select whether or not
the locking of the vehicle’s doors will be delayed.
When locking the doors with the power door lock switch
and a door is open, this feature will delay locking the
doors until five seconds after the last door is closed.
You will hear three chimes to signal that the delayed
locking feature is in use. The key must be out of the
ignition for this feature to work. You can temporarily
override delayed locking by pressing the power door
lock switch twice or the lock button on the RKE
transmitter twice.
Press the customization button until DELAY DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the menu up/down button to scroll through
the following settings:
OFF: There will be no delayed locking of the vehicle’s
doors.
ON (default): The doors will not lock until five seconds
after the last door is closed.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
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EXIT LIGHTING
APPROACH LIGHTING
This feature allows you to select the amount of time you
want the exterior lamps to remain on when it is dark
enough outside. This happens after the key is turned
from ON/RUN to LOCK/OFF.
This feature allows you to select whether or not to
have the exterior lights turn on briefly during low light
periods after unlocking the vehicle using the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
Press the customization button until EXIT LIGHTING
appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for this feature. Then press
the menu up/down button to scroll through the following
settings:
Press the customization button until APPROACH
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button to
scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The exterior lamps will not turn on.
OFF: The exterior lights will not turn on when you
unlock the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
30 SECONDS (default): The exterior lamps will stay on
for 30 seconds.
1 MINUTE: The exterior lamps will stay on for
one minute.
2 MINUTES: The exterior lamps will stay on for
two minutes.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
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ON (default): If it is dark enough outside, the exterior
lights will turn on briefly when you unlock the vehicle
with the RKE transmitter.
The lights will remain on for 20 seconds or until the lock
button on the RKE transmitter is pressed, or the vehicle is
no longer off. See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 2-5 for more information.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
CHIME VOLUME
PARK TILT MIRRORS
This feature allows you to select the volume level of the
chime.
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to select
whether or not the outside mirror(s) will automatically
tilt down when the vehicle is shifted into R (Reverse).
See Park Tilt Mirrors on page 2-41 for more information.
Press the customization button until CHIME VOLUME
appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for this feature. Then press
the menu up/down button to scroll through the following
settings:
NORMAL: The chime volume will be set to a normal
level.
Press the customization button until PARK TILT
MIRRORS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button to scroll
through the following settings:
LOUD: The chime volume will be set to a loud level.
OFF (default): Neither outside mirror will be tilted down
when the vehicle is shifted into R (Reverse).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
DRIVER MIRROR: The driver’s outside mirror will be
tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into R (Reverse).
There is no default for chime volume. The volume will
stay at the last known setting.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
PASSENGER MIRROR: The passenger’s outside
mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
R (Reverse).
BOTH MIRRORS: The driver’s and passenger’s outside
mirrors will be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted
into R (Reverse).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
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EASY EXIT RECALL
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to select
your preference for the automatic easy exit seat feature.
See Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering Wheel on
page 1-6 for more information.
Press the customization button until EASY EXIT
RECALL appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the menu up/down button to scroll through
the following settings:
DOOR BUTTON ONLY: No automatic seat exit recall
will occur. The recall will only occur after pressing
the easy exit seat button.
BUTTON AND KEY OUT (default): If the features are
enabled through the EASY EXIT SETUP menu, the
driver’s seat will move back, and if the vehicle has the
power tilt wheel and telescopic steering feature, the
power steering column will move up and forward when
the key is removed from the ignition or after pressing
the easy exit seat button.
The automatic easy exit seat movement will only occur
one time after the key is removed from the ignition.
If the automatic movement has already occurred, and
you put the key back in the ignition and remove it again,
the seat and steering column will stay in the original
exit position, unless a memory recall took place prior to
removing the key again.
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NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
EASY EXIT SETUP
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to select
which areas will recall with the automatic easy exit seat
feature. It also allows you to turn off the automatic easy
exit feature. See Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel on page 1-6 and “EASY EXIT RECALL” earlier
for more information.
Press the customization button until EASY EXIT SETUP
appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for this feature. Then press
the menu up/down button to scroll through the following
settings:
OFF: No automatic seat exit will recall.
SEAT ONLY: The driver’s seat will recall.
TILT ONLY: The steering wheel tilt feature will recall.
TELESCOPE ONLY: The steering column telescope
feature will recall.
SEAT/TELESCOPE: The driver’s seat and the steering
column telescope feature will recall.
Press the customization button until MEMORY SEAT
RECALL appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to access the settings for this feature.
Then press the menu up/down button to scroll through
the following settings:
TILT/TELESCOPE: The steering wheel tilt and steering
column telescope features will recall.
OFF (default): No remote memory seat recall will
occur.
ALL (default): The driver’s seat and the steering wheel
tilt and steering column telescope features will recall,
if your vehicle has this option.
ON: The driver’s seat and outside mirrors will
automatically move to the stored driving position when
the unlock button on the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter is pressed. The steering column will also
move on vehicles with the power tilt and telescopic
steering feature. See Power Tilt Wheel and Telescopic
Steering Column on page 3-7 for more information.
See “RELEARN REMOTE KEY” under DIC Operation
and Displays on page 3-68 for more information on
matching transmitters to driver ID numbers.
SEAT/TILT: The driver’s seat and the steering wheel tilt
feature will recall.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
MEMORY SEAT RECALL
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to select
your preference for the remote memory seat recall
feature. See Memory Seat, Mirrors and Steering
Wheel on page 1-6 for more information.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this feature.
The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
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REMOTE START
FACTORY SETTINGS
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to turn the
remote start off or on. The remote start feature allows you
to start the engine from outside of the vehicle using the
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter. See Remote
Vehicle Start on page 2-7 for more information.
This feature allows you to set all of the customization
features back to their factory default settings.
Press the customization button until FACTORY
SETTINGS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the menu up/down button to scroll
through the following settings:
Press the customization button until REMOTE START
appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset button
once to access the settings for this feature. Then press
the menu up/down button to scroll through the following
settings:
OFF: The remote start feature will be disabled.
ON (default): The remote start feature will be enabled.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
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RESTORE ALL (default): The customization features
will be set to their factory default settings.
DO NOT RESTORE: The customization features will
not be set to their factory default settings.
To select a setting, press the set/reset button while the
desired setting is displayed on the DIC.
Exiting the Feature Settings Menu
The feature settings menu will be exited when any of
the following occurs:
• The vehicle is shifted out of P (Park).
• The vehicle is no longer in ON/RUN.
• The trip/fuel or vehicle information DIC buttons are
pressed.
• The end of the feature settings menu is reached
and exited.
• A 40 second time period has elapsed with no
selection made.
Audio System(s)
Determine which radio the vehicle has and read the
following pages to become familiar with its features.
To minimize taking your eyes off the road while driving,
do the following while the vehicle is parked:
• Become familiar with the operation and controls of
the audio system.
• Set up the tone, speaker adjustments, and preset
{ CAUTION:
Taking your eyes off the road for extended periods
could cause a crash resulting in injury or death to
you or others. Do not give extended attention to
entertainment tasks while driving.
This system provides access to many audio and non
audio listings.
radio stations.
For more information, see Defensive Driving on
page 4-2.
Notice: Contact your dealer/retailer before adding
any equipment.
Adding audio or communication equipment could
interfere with the operation of the vehicle’s engine,
radio, or other systems, and could damage them.
Follow federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone equipment.
The vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP).
With RAP, the audio system can be played even after
the ignition is turned off. See Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) on page 2-26 for more information.
3-95
Setting the Clock
Radio with a Single CD or a
Six-Disc CD Player
The vehicle has an analog clock as well as the digital
radio clock. At the time of new vehicle delivery, the digital
radio clock display should be disabled. If you decide to
use the digital radio clock as well as the analog clock, you
can change the setting to enable the radio clock display.
Enabling/Disabling the Digital
Radio Clock
For the Single CD Player
To turn the radio clock display on or off:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press the H button until the clock and date setting
menus appear.
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3. Press the pushbutton located under the forward
arrow tab until the menu for default clock and
date settings appear.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the currently
displayed status of either ON or OFF. The ON
display indicates the radio clock display is disabled
and the OFF display indicates the radio clock display
is enabled. Press this pushbutton to toggle the radio
clock display on or off.
If the radio clock display is turned on, the screen
displays Radio Clock ON for 10 seconds, then
returns to the original clock display menu.
If the radio clock display is turned off, the
screen displays Radio Clock OFF for 10 seconds.
The menus for clock and date settings are removed,
and ON displays as a current status indicating that
the clock display can be turned on, if desired.
The radio clock and analog clock are not synchronized.
Occasionally you might need to set the digital radio
clock using the procedure below to synchronize
both clocks.
For a Six-Disc CD Player
Setting the Time and Date
To turn the radio clock display on or off:
For the Single CD Player
1. Turn the radio on.
H is displayed
Press the pushbutton located under H until the
2. Press the MENU button until
3.
clock and date settings appear.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the forward
arrow tab until the menu for default clock and
date settings appear.
5. Press the pushbutton located under the currently
displayed status of either ON or OFF. The ON
display indicates the radio clock display is disabled
and the OFF display indicates the radio clock display
is enabled. Press this pushbutton to toggle the radio
clock display on or off.
If the radio clock display is turned on, the screen
displays Radio Clock ON for 10 seconds, then
returns to the original clock display menu.
If the radio clock display is turned off, the
screen displays Radio Clock OFF for 10 seconds.
The menus for clock and date settings are removed,
and ON displays as a current status indicating that
the clock display can be turned on, if desired.
This type of radio has a H button for setting the time
and date. To set the time and date:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press H and HR, MIN, MM, DD, YYYY
(hour, minute, month, day, and year) displays.
3. Press the pushbutton located under any one of
the tabs that you want to change. Every time the
pushbutton is pressed again, the time or the date
if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date, is to
press the right SEEK arrow or the \ FWD
button.
• To decrease the time or date, press the left SEEK
arrow or the s REV button. You can also turn
the a knob, located on the upper right side of the
radio faceplate, to adjust the selected setting.
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For a Six-Disc CD Player
This type of radio has a MENU button for setting the
time and date. To set the time and date:
1. Turn the radio on.
H option is displayed.
Press the pushbutton located under H and the
2. Press the MENU button until
3.
HR, MIN, MM, DD, YYYY (hour, minute, month,
day, and year) displays.
4. Press the pushbutton located under any one of
the tabs that you want to change. Every time the
pushbutton is pressed again, the time or the date
if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date, is to
press the right SEEK arrow or the \ FWD
button.
• To decrease the time or date, press the left SEEK
arrow or the s REV button. You can also turn
the a knob, located on the upper right side of the
radio faceplate, to adjust the selected setting.
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Changing the Time and Date Default
Setting
For the Single CD Player
To change the time and date default setting:
1. Change the time default setting from 12 hour to
24 hour or the date default setting from month/day/
year to day/month/year, by pressing the H button.
2. Once the clock and date settings display along with
the forward arrow tab, press the pushbutton located
under the forward arrow tab until the time 12H and
24H, and the date MM/DD/YYYY (month, day, and
year) and DD/MM/YYYY (day, month, and year)
displays.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the desired
option, then press the H button again to apply
the selected default, or let the screen time out.
For the Six-Disc CD Player
Radio(s) (MP3)
To change the time and date default setting:
1. Change the time default setting from 12 hour to
24 hour or the date default setting from month/day/
year to day/month/year, by pressing the MENU
button.
2. Once H displays, press the pushbutton located
under H until the time and date settings display
along with a forward arrow.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the forward
arrow tab until the time 12H and 24H, and the
date MM/DD/YYYY (month, day, and year) and
DD/MM/YYYY (day, month, and year) displays.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the desired
option, then press the MENU button again to
apply the selected default, or let the screen
time out.
Radio with CD shown, Radio with
Six-Disc CD similar
Radio Data System (RDS)
The audio system has RDS. The RDS feature is
available for use only on FM stations that broadcast RDS
information. This system relies upon receiving specific
information from these stations and only works when the
information is available. While the radio is tuned to an
FM-RDS station, the station name or call letters display.
In rare cases, a radio station can broadcast incorrect
information that causes the radio features to work
improperly. If this happens, contact the radio station.
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Playing the Radio
AudioPilot®: If the vehicle has the Bose® audio
system, it has AudioPilot noise compensation technology.
O (Power/Volume):
To use AudioPilot:
Press to turn the system on
and off.
Turn to increase or decrease the volume.
Speed Compensated Volume (SCV): Radios
with SCV automatically adjusts the radio volume to
compensate for road and wind noise while driving.
That way, the volume level should sound about
the same while driving. To activate SCV:
1. Set the radio volume to the desired level.
2. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
3. Press the pushbutton under the AUTO VOLUM
(automatic volume) tab on the radio display.
4. Press the pushbutton under the desired Speed
Compensated Volume setting (OFF, Low, Med,
or High) to select the level of radio volume
compensation. The display times out after
approximately 10 seconds. Each higher setting
allows for more radio volume compensation at
faster vehicle speeds.
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1. Set the radio volume to the desired level.
2. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the
AUTO VOLUM tab on the radio display.
4. Press the ON or OFF button to turn this feature
on or off.
When turned ON, AudioPilot continuously adjusts
the audio system equalization, to compensate for
background noise, so that the music always sounds
the same at the set volume level.
The feature is most effective at lower radio volume
settings where background noise can affect how well
you hear the music being played through the vehicle’s
audio system. At high volume settings there might
be little or no adjustments by AudioPilot. For more
information on AudioPilot, visit bose.com/audiopilot.
Finding a Station
Storing a Radio Station as a Favorite
BAND: Press to switch between AM, FM, or XM™.
The selection displays.
Drivers are encouraged to set up their radio station
favorites while the vehicle is in P (Park). Tune to
favorite stations using the presets, favorites button,
and steering wheel controls, if the vehicle has this
feature. See Defensive Driving on page 4-2.
a (Tune):
Turn to select radio stations.
©SEEK ¨: Press the arrows to go to the next or to
the previous station and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either arrow for
three seconds until a beep sounds. The radio goes
to a station, plays for a few seconds, then goes to the
next station. Press either arrow again to stop scanning.
The radio only seeks and scans stations with a
strong signal that are in the selected band.
4 (Information) (XM™ Satellite Radio Service,
MP3/WMA, and RDS Features): Press this button to
display additional text information related to the current
FM-RDS or XM station, or MP3/WMA song. A choice of
additional information such as: Channel, Song, Artist,
CAT (category) can display. Continue pressing the
information button to highlight the desired label, or press
the pushbutton positioned under any one of the tabs and
the information about that tab displays.
FAV (Favorites): A maximum of 36 stations can be
programmed as favorites using the six pushbuttons
positioned below the radio station frequency tabs and
by using the radio favorites page button. Press the
FAV button to go through up to six pages of favorites,
each having six favorite stations available per page.
Each page of favorites can contain any combination of
AM, FM, or XM stations. To store a station as a favorite:
1. Tune to the desired radio station.
2. Press the FAV button to display the page where
you want the station stored.
3. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons until a
beep sounds. When that pushbutton is pressed
and released, the station that was set, returns.
4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton radio station
you want stored as a favorite.
When information is not available, No Info displays.
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The number of favorites pages can be setup using the
MENU button. To setup the number of favorites pages:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the FAV 1-6
label.
3. Select the desired number of favorites pages
by pressing the pushbutton located below the
displayed page numbers.
4. Press the FAV button, or let the menu time out,
to return to the original main radio screen showing
the radio station frequency labels and to begin
the process of programming your favorites for
the chosen amount of numbered pages.
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
BASS/MID/TREB (Bass, Midrange, or Treble):
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble, press the a knob
until the tone control labels display. Continue pressing
to highlight the desired label, or press the pushbutton
positioned under the desired label. Turn the a knob
to adjust the highlighted setting. The highlighted
setting can also be adjusted by pressing either
SEEK arrow, \ FWD, or s REV button until the
desired levels are obtained. If a station’s frequency
is weak or has static, decrease the treble.
To quickly adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the middle
position, press the pushbutton positioned under the
BASS, MID, or TREB label for more than two seconds.
A beep sounds and the level adjusts to the middle
position.
To quickly adjust all tone and speaker controls to the
middle position, press the a knob for more than
two seconds until a beep sounds.
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EQ (Equalization): For the non-Bose® amplified radio,
perform the following steps to setup the equalization
settings:
1. Press the
displays.
a knob until the equalization label
2. Press the pushbutton located under the equalization
label to get choices of POP, ROCK, CTRY (country),
TALK, JAZZ, and CLAS (classical), to display.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the desired
setting.
For the Bose amplified radio, perform the following
steps to setup the equalization settings:
1. Press the
a knob until the DSP label displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under the DSP label
to get choices of Norm, Driv, Rear, and Surround,
to display.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE (Balance/Fade): To adjust balance or fade,
press the a knob until the speaker control labels display.
Continue pressing to highlight the desired label, or press
the pushbutton positioned under the desired label.
Turn the a knob to adjust the highlighted setting.
The highlighted setting can be adjusted by pressing
either SEEK arrow, \ FWD, or s REV buttons
until the desired levels are obtained.
To quickly adjust balance or fade to the middle position,
press the pushbutton positioned under the BAL or FADE
label for more than two seconds. A beep sounds and the
level adjusts to the middle position.
To quickly adjust all speaker and tone controls to the
middle position, press the a knob for more than
two seconds until a beep sounds.
3. Press the pushbutton located under the desired
setting.
To select Surround, press either the fourth or fifth
pushbutton located under the displayed Surround
until Centerpoint displays.
To return to the manual mode, press the tune knob.
Select either BASS, MID, or TREB and start to manually
adjust the settings by turning the a knob.
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Digital Signal Processing (DSP)
This feature is used to provide a choice of four different
listening experiences. DSP can be used while listening to
the audio system or a CD. To change the DSP mode,
press the a knob until the DSP control label displays.
Press the pushbutton located under the DSP label until
the control labels display. Continue by pressing the
desired button below the control labels on the display.
For more information on the control label displays,
see the following:
• Norm (Normal): Select this screen button to adjust
the audio for normal mode. This provides the best
sound quality for all seating positions.
• Driv (Driver): Select this screen button to adjust
the audio for the driver to receive the best
possible sound quality.
• Rear: Select this screen button to adjust the audio
for the rear seat passengers to receive the best
possible sound quality.
• Surround (Centerpoint®): Select this screen button
to enable Bose® Centerpoint signal processing
circuitry. Centerpoint produces a full vehicle surround
sound listening experience from a CD, MP3/WMA,
or XM stereo digital audio source and delivers five
independent audio channels from conventional two
channel stereo recordings. (Not available for AM,
FM, or auxiliary sources.)
3-104
DSP is only available on vehicles that have the Bose
Premium audio system.
Finding a Category (CAT) Station
CAT (Category): The CAT button is used to find XM
stations while the radio is in the XM mode. To find
XM channels within a desired category, perform
the following:
1. Press the BAND button until the XM frequency
displays. Press the CAT button to display the
category tabs. Continue pressing the CAT button
until the desired category name displays. Another
way to select a category is to press the s REV
or \ FWD button until the desired category is
selected.
2. Press either of the two pushbuttons below the
desired category tab to immediately tune to the
first XM station associated with that category.
3. Turn the a knob, press the pushbuttons below the
displayed right or left arrows, or press either SEEK
arrow to go to the previous or the next XM station
within the selected category.
4. To exit the category search mode, press the
FAV button or BAND button to display your
favorites again.
Undesired XM categories can be removed through the
setup menu. To remove an undesired category:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the
XM CAT tab.
3. Turn the a knob to display the category to be
removed.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the Remove
tab until the category name along with the word
Removed displays.
5. Repeat the steps to remove more categories.
Removed categories can be restored by pressing
the pushbutton under the Add label when a removed
category is displayed or by pressing the pushbutton
under the Restore All label.
The radio does not let you remove or add categories
while the vehicle is moving faster than 5 mph (8 km/h).
The CAT button also toggles between compressed
and uncompressed audio when a mixed disc is present.
See “Compressed Audio” later in this section.
Radio Message
Locked: This message displays when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up the radio.
Take the vehicle to your dealer/retailer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer/retailer.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM is a satellite radio service that is based in the
48 contiguous United States and 10 Canadian provinces.
XM Satellite Radio has a wide variety of programming
and commercial-free music, coast-to-coast, and in
digital-quality sound. During your trial or when you
subscribe, you will get unlimited access to XM Radio
Online for when you are not in the vehicle. A service
fee is required to receive the XM service. For more
information, contact XM at xmradio.com or call
1-800-929-2100 in the U.S. and xmradio.ca or
call 1-877-438-9677 in Canada.
Radio Messages for XM™ Only
See XM Radio Messages on page 3-115 later in this
section for further detail.
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Playing a CD (Single CD Player)
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player pulls it in and the CD should begin playing.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the
player, it stays in the player. When the ignition or radio
is turned on, the CD starts playing where it stopped,
if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol displays.
As each new track starts to play the track number
displays.
Care of CDs
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be reduced due
to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality of
the music that has been recorded, and the way the CD-R
has been handled. Handle them carefully. Store CD-R(s)
in their original cases or other protective cases and away
from direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the
bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a CD is
damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the
CD does not play properly or not at all. Do not touch the
bottom side of a CD while handling it; this could damage
the surface. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges or
the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
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If the surface of a CD is soiled, take a soft, lint free
cloth or dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral
detergent solution mixed with water, and clean it.
Make sure the wiping process starts from the center
to the edge.
Care of The CD Player
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the
CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer
and a description label is needed, try labeling the top
of the recorded CD with a marking pen.
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised,
due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD player mechanism.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more than
one CD is inserted into the slot at a time, or an
attempt is made to play scratched or damaged CDs,
the CD player could be damaged. While using the CD
player, use only CDs in good condition without any
label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials, liquids,
and debris.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in this
section.
Playing a CD(s) (Six-Disc CD Player)
LOAD ^ : Press to load CDs into the CD player.
The CD player holds up to six CDs.
To insert one CD:
1. Press and release the load button.
2. Wait for the message to insert the disc.
3. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player pulls the CD in.
To insert multiple CDs:
1. Press and hold the LOAD button for five seconds.
A beep sounds and Load All Discs displays.
2. Follow the displayed instruction on when to insert
the discs. The CD player takes up to six CDs.
3. Press the Load button again to cancel loading
more CDs.
Z (Eject): Press to eject the CD. If the CD is not
removed, after several seconds, the CD automatically
pulls back into the player.
For the Radio with Six-Disc CD player, press and hold
for two seconds to eject all discs, if one or more
discs are loaded.
©SEEK ¨: Press the left arrow to go to the start of
the current track, if more than ten seconds have played.
Press the right arrow to go to the next track. If either
arrow is held or pressed multiple times, the player
continues moving backward or forward through the CD.
s REV (Fast Reverse): Press and hold to reverse
playback quickly within a track. You will hear sound
at a reduced volume. Release to resume playing
the track. The elapsed time of the track displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold to advance
playback quickly within a track. You will hear sound
at a reduced volume. Release to resume playing
the track. The elapsed time of the track displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting, CD tracks
can be played in random, rather than sequential
order. This feature is not available in playlist mode.
To use random, do the following:
1. To play tracks in random order from the CD that is
currently playing, press the pushbutton positioned
under the RDM label. The random icon displays.
2. Press the same pushbutton again to turn off random
play. The random icon is no longer highlighted.
a (Tune): Turn to select tracks on the CD currently
playing.
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RDM (Random) (Radio with Six-Disc CD Player):
With the random setting, CD tracks can be played
in random, rather than sequential order, on one CD
or all CDs in a six-disc CD player. To use random:
• Press the pushbutton positioned under the RDM tab
until Randomize Current Disc displays to play the
tracks in random order from the CD that is currently
playing. Press again to turn off random play.
• Press the pushbutton positioned under the RDM tab
until Randomize All Discs displays to play tracks
from all CDs loaded in a six-disc CD player in
random order. Press again to turn off random play.
4 (Information):
Press to switch the display between
the track number, elapsed time of the track, and the
time. When the ignition is off, press to display the time
(if the clock display is enabled). See “Enabling/Disabling
the Digital Radio Clock” under, Setting the Clock on
page 3-96 for more information.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio when a CD is
playing. The CD remains inside the radio for future
listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to play a CD when
listening to the radio. The CD icon and track number
displays when a CD is in the player. Press again and
the system automatically searches for an auxiliary input
device, such as a portable audio player. If a portable
audio player is not connected, “No Aux Input Device
Found” displays.
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Playing an MP3/WMA CD-R or
CD-RW Disc
Radios with the MP3 feature are capable of playing an
MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW disc. For more information
on how to play an MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW disc,
see Using an MP3 on page 3-110 later in this section.
CD Messages
DISC ERROR: If this message displays and/or the CD
ejects, it could be for one of the following reasons:
• The radio system does not support the playlist
format, the compressed audio format, or the data
file format.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There could have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label could be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer/retailer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down and provide
it to your dealer/retailer when reporting the problem.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
The radio system has an auxiliary input jack located
on the lower right side of the faceplate. This is not an
audio output; do not plug the headphone set into the
front auxiliary input jack. You can however, connect
an external audio device such as an iPod™, laptop
computer, MP3 player, CD changer, or cassette tape
player, etc. to the auxiliary input jack for use as another
source for audio listening.
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary device
while the vehicle is in P (Park). See Defensive Driving on
page 4-2 for more information on driver distraction.
To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm
(1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary input jack.
When connecting an auxiliary device, the radio
automatically detects the device and “Aux Input Device”
displays. The device begins playing audio over the
vehicle speakers. If an auxiliary device has already been
connected, the device does not begin playing audio until
the radio’s CD/AUX button is pressed.
O (Power/Volume):
Turn to increase or decrease the
volume of the portable player. You might need to do
additional volume adjustments from the portable device.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio when a portable
audio device is playing. The portable audio device
continues playing, so you might want to stop it or
power it off.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to play a CD when a
portable audio device is playing. Press again and
the system begins playing audio from the connected
portable audio player. If a portable audio player is
not connected, “No Aux Input Device Found” displays.
3-109
Using an MP3
MP3/WMA Format
MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW Disc
If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a personal
computer:
The radio plays MP3 and WMA files that were recorded
on a CD-R or CD-RW disc. The files can be recorded with
the following fixed bit rates: 32 kbps, 40 kbps, 56 kbps,
64 kbps, 80 kbps, 96 kbps, 112 kbps, 128 kbps,
160 kbps, 192 kbps, 224 kbps, 256 kbps, and 320 kbps
or a variable bit rate. Song title, artist name, and album
can display when files are recorded using ID3 tags
version 1 and 2.
Compressed Audio
The radio also plays discs that contain both
uncompressed CD audio (.CDA files) and MP3/WMA
files. By default the radio reads only the uncompressed
audio and ignores the MP3/WMA files. Pressing the
CAT button toggles between compressed and
uncompressed audio format.
• Make sure the MP3/WMA files are recorded on a
CD-R or CD-RW disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3/WMA files on
one disc.
• The CD player is able to read and play a maximum
of 50 folders, 50 playlists, and 255 files.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy to find
songs while driving. Organize songs by albums
using one folder for each album. Each folder
or album should contain 18 songs or less.
• Avoid subfolders. The system can support up to
8 subfolders deep, however, keep the total number
of folders to a minimum in order to reduce the
complexity and confusion in trying to locate a
particular folder during playback.
• Make sure playlists have a .mp3 or .wpl extension
(other file extensions might not work).
3-110
• Minimize the length of the file, folder or playlist
names. Long file, folder, or playlist names, or a
combination of a large number of files and folders,
or playlists can cause the player to be unable to play
up to the maximum number of files, folders, playlists,
or sessions. If you wish to play a large number of
files, folders, playlists, or sessions, minimize the
length of the file, folder, or playlist name. Long
names also take up more space on the display,
potentially getting cut off.
• Finalize the audio disc before you burn it. Trying to
add music to an existing disc can cause the disc not
to function in the player.
Playlists can be changed by using the S c and
c T folder buttons, the a knob, or the SEEK arrows.
An MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW that was recorded
using no file folders can also be played. If a CD-R or
CD-RW contains more than the maximum of 50 folders,
50 playlists, and 255 files, the player lets you access
and navigate up to the maximum, but all items over
the maximum cannot be accessed.
Root Directory
The root directory of the CD-R or CD-RW is treated as
a folder. If the root directory has compressed audio files,
the directory displays as F1 ROOT. All files contained
directly under the root directory are accessed prior to any
root directory folders. However, playlists (Px) are always
accessed before root folders or files.
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in
the file structure that contains only folders/subfolders
and no compressed files directly beneath them, the
player advances to the next folder in the file structure
that contains compressed audio files. The empty folder
does not display.
No Folder
When the CD contains only compressed files, the files
are located under the root folder. The next and previous
folder functions do not display on a CD that was recorded
without folders or playlists. When displaying the name of
the folder the radio displays ROOT.
When the CD contains only playlists and compressed
audio files, but no folders, all files are located under the
root folder. The folder down and the folder up buttons
search playlists (Px) first and then goes to the root
folder. When the radio displays the name of the folder
the radio displays ROOT.
3-111
Order of Play
File System and Naming
Tracks recorded to the CD-R or CD-RW play in the
following order:
The song name that displays is the song name that is
contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name is not present
in the ID3 tag, then the radio displays the file name
without the extension (such as .mp3) as the track name.
• Play begins from the first track in the first playlist
and continues sequentially through all tracks in
each playlist. When the last track of the last playlist
has played, play continues from the first track of
the first playlist.
− Playlists can be changed by pressing
the S c and c T folder buttons,
the a knob, or the SEEK arrows.
• Play begins from the first track in the first folder and
continues sequentially through all tracks in each
folder. When the last track of the last folder has
played, play continues from the first track of the
first folder.
When play enters a new folder, the display does
not automatically show the new folder name unless
the folder mode has been chosen as the default display.
The new track name displays.
3-112
Track names longer than 32 characters or four pages
are shortened. Parts of words on the last page of
text and the extension of the filename does not display.
Preprogrammed Playlists
Preprogrammed playlists that were created using
WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real Jukebox™ software
can be accessed, however, they cannot be edited
using the radio. These playlists are treated as special
folders containing compressed audio song files. Playlists
must have a file extension of PLS, M3U, or WPL.
Playlists can be changed by using the S c and
c T folder buttons, the a knob, or the SEEK arrows.
Tracks cannot be changed. Songs are played
sequentially; press the s REV or \ FWD to reverse
or advance through the currently playing song.
Playing an MP3/WMA
Insert a CD-R or CD-RW partway into the slot (Single
CD Player), or press the load button and wait for the
message to insert disc (Six-Disc CD Player), label side
up. The player pulls it in, and the CD-R or CD-RW should
begin playing.
©SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to go to
the start of the current MP3/WMA file, if more than ten
seconds have played. Press the right SEEK arrow to go
to the next MP3/WMA file. If either SEEK arrow is held
or pressed multiple times, the player continues moving
backward or forward through MP3/WMA files on the CD.
Z (Eject):
S c (Previous Folder):
Press this button to eject CD-R(s) or
CD-RW(s). To eject the CD-R or CD-RW that is currently
playing, press and release this button. A beep sounds
and Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc is ejected,
Remove Disc displays. The CD-R or CD-RW can be
removed. If it is not removed, after several seconds,
the CD-R or CD-RW automatically pulls back into the
player and begins playing.
For the Six-Disc CD player, press and hold this button for
two seconds to eject all discs.
a (Tune): Turn this knob to select MP3/WMA files on
the CD-R currently playing.
Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder tab to go to the first track
in the previous folder.
c T (Next Folder): Press the pushbutton positioned
under the Folder tab to go to the first track in the next
folder.
s REV (Fast Reverse): Press and hold to reverse
playback quickly within an MP3/WMA file. Sound is heard
at a reduced volume. Release this button to resume
playing the file. The elapsed time of the file displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold to advance
playback quickly within an MP3/WMA file. Sound is heard
at a reduced volume. Release this button to resume
playing the file. The elapsed time of the file displays.
3-113
RDM (Random): With the random setting, MP3/WMA
files on the CD-R can be played in random, rather
than sequential order, on one CD-R/CD-RW or all
discs in a six-disc CD player. To use random:
1. Press the pushbutton positioned under the RDM
label until Random Current Disc displays to play
MP3/WMA files from the CD-R or CD-RW in random
order. Press the same pushbutton again to turn off
random play.
2. Press the pushbutton positioned under the RDM
label until Randomize All Discs displays to play
songs from all CDs loaded in a six-disc CD player
in random order. Press the same pushbutton
again to turn off random play.
h (Music Navigator): Use the music navigator
feature to play MP3/WMA files on the CD-R or CD-RW
in order by artist or album. Press the pushbutton located
below the music navigator label. The player scans
the disc to sort the files by artist and album ID3 tag
information. It may take several minutes to scan the disc
depending on the number of MP3/WMA files recorded to
the CD-R or CD-RW. The radio might begin playing while
it is scanning the disc in the background. When the scan
is finished, the CD-R or CD-RW begins playing again.
3-114
Once the disc has scanned, the player defaults to
playing MP3/WMA files in order by artist. The current
artist playing is shown on the second line of the display
between the arrows. Once all songs by that artist have
played, the player moves to the next artist in alphabetical
order on the CD-R or CD-RW and begins playing
MP3/WMA files by that artist. If you want to listen to
MP3/WMA files by another artist, press the pushbutton
located below either arrow button. The CD goes to the
next or previous artist in alphabetical order. Continue
pressing either button until the desired artist displays.
To change from playback by artist to playback by album,
press the pushbutton located below the Sort By label.
From the sort screen, push one of the buttons below the
album button. Press the pushbutton below the Back label
to return to the main music navigator screen. Now the
album name displays on the second line between the
arrows and songs from the current album begins to play.
Once all songs from that album have played, the player
moves to the next album in alphabetical order on the
CD-R or CD-RW and begins playing MP3/WMA files
from that album.
To exit music navigator mode, press the button below the
Back label to return to normal MP3/WMA playback.
BAND: Press to listen to the radio when a CD is
playing. The inactive CD remains inside the radio for
future listening.
Loading XM: The audio system is acquiring and
processing audio and text data. No action is needed.
This message should disappear shortly.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press to play a CD when
listening to the radio. The CD icon and a message
showing disc and/or track number displays when a
CD is in the player. Press this button again and
the system automatically searches for an auxiliary
input device such as a portable audio player. If a
portable audio player is not connected, “No Aux
Input Device Found” displays.
Channel Off Air: This channel is not currently in
service. Tune in to another channel.
XM Radio Messages
XL (Explicit Language Channels): These channels,
or any others, can be blocked at a customer’s request,
by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
XM Updating: The encryption code in the receiver is
being updated, and no action is required. This process
should take no longer than 30 seconds.
No XM Signal: The system is functioning correctly,
but the vehicle is in a location that is blocking the XM™
signal. When the vehicle is moved into an open area,
the signal should return.
Channel Unauth: This channel is blocked or cannot be
received with your XM Subscription package.
Channel Unavail: This previously assigned channel is
no longer assigned. Tune to another station. If this station
was one of the presets, choose another station for that
preset button.
No Artist Info: No artist information is available at this
time on this channel. The system is working properly.
No Title Info: No song title information is available
at this time on this channel. The system is working
properly.
No CAT Info: No category information is available at
this time on this channel. The system is working properly.
No Information: No text or informational messages are
available at this time on this channel. The system is
working properly.
3-115
CAT Not Found: There are no channels available for
the selected category. The system is working properly.
XM Theftlocked: The XM receiver in the vehicle could
have previously been in another vehicle. For security
purposes, XM receivers cannot be swapped between
vehicles. If this message is received after having the
vehicle serviced, check with your dealer/retailer.
XM Radio ID: If tuned to channel 0, this message
alternates with the XM™ Radio 8 digit radio ID label.
This label is needed to activate the service.
Unknown: If this message is received when tuned to
channel 0, there could be a receiver fault. Consult
with your dealer/retailer.
Bluetooth®
Vehicles with a Bluetooth system can use a Bluetooth
capable cell phone with a Hands Free Profile to make
and receive phone calls. The system can be used while
the key is in ON/RUN or ACC/ACCESSORY position.
The range of the Bluetooth system can be up to 30 ft.
(9.1 m). Not all phones support all functions, and not
all phones are guaranteed to work with the in-vehicle
Bluetooth system. See gm.com/bluetooth for more
information on compatible phones.
Voice Recognition
The Bluetooth system uses voice recognition to interpret
voice commands to dial phone numbers and name tags.
Check XM Receivr: If this message does not clear
within a short period of time, the receiver could have
a fault. Consult with your dealer/retailer.
Noise: Keep interior noise levels to a minimum.
The system may not recognize voice commands if
there is too much background noise.
XM Not Available: If this message does not clear
within a short period of time, the receiver could have
a fault. Consult with your dealer/retailer.
When to Speak: A short tone sounds after the system
responds indicating when it is waiting for a voice
command. Wait until the tone and then speak.
Navigation/Radio System
How to Speak: Speak clearly in a calm and natural
voice.
For vehicles with a navigation radio system, see the
separate Navigation System manual.
3-116
Audio System
Pairing
When using the in-vehicle Bluetooth system, sound
comes through the vehicle’s front audio system speakers
and overrides the audio system. Use the audio system
volume knob, during a call, to change the volume level.
The adjusted volume level remains in memory for later
calls. To prevent missed calls, a minimum volume level
is used if the volume is turned down too low.
A Bluetooth enabled cell phone must be paired to
the in-vehicle Bluetooth system first and then connected
to the vehicle before it can be used. See the cell phone
manufacturers user guide for Bluetooth functions
before pairing the cell phone. If a Bluetooth phone is not
connected, calls will be made using OnStar® Hands-Free
Calling, if available. Refer to the OnStar owner’s guide for
more information.
Bluetooth Controls
Use the buttons located on the steering wheel to
operate the in-vehicle Bluetooth system. See Audio
Steering Wheel Controls on page 3-127 for more
information.
b g (Push To Talk):
Pairing Information:
• Up to five cell phones can be paired to the in-vehicle
Bluetooth system.
• The pairing process is disabled when the vehicle is
moving.
Press to answer incoming calls,
to confirm system information, and to start speech
recognition.
• The in-vehicle Bluetooth system automatically links
c x (Phone On Hook):
• Only one paired cell phone can be connected to the
Press to end a call, reject a
call, or to cancel an operation.
with the first available paired cell phone in the
order the phone was paired.
in-vehicle Bluetooth system at a time.
• Pairing should only need to be completed once,
unless changes to the pairing information have
been made or the phone is deleted.
To link to a different paired phone, see Linking to a
Different Phone later in this section.
3-117
Pairing a Phone
Listing All Paired and Connected Phones
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system responds with
“Bluetooth ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system responds with
“Bluetooth ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Pair”. The system responds with instructions
and a four digit PIN number. The PIN number will
be used in Step 4.
3. Say “List”. The system lists all the paired Bluetooth
devices. If a phone is connected to the vehicle, the
system will say “Is connected” after the connected
phone.
4. Start the Pairing process on the cell phone that will
be paired to the vehicle. Reference the cell phone
manufacturers user guide for information on
this process.
Locate the device named “General Motors” in the
list on the cellular phone and follow the instructions
on the cell phone to enter the four digit PIN number
that was provided in Step 3.
5. The system prompts for a name for the phone.
Use a name that best describes the phone.
This name will be used to indicate which phone
is connected. The system then confirms the name
provided.
6. The system responds with “<Phone name> has
been successfully paired” after the pairing process
is complete.
7. Repeat Steps 1 through 7 for additional phones to
be paired.
3-118
Deleting a Paired Phone
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system responds with
“Bluetooth ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Delete”. The system asks which phone to
delete followed by a tone.
4. Say the name of the phone to be deleted. If the
phone name is unknown, use the “List” command
for a list of all paired phones. The system responds
with “Would you like to delete <phone name>?
Yes or No” followed by a tone.
5. Say “Yes” to delete the phone. The system
responds with “OK, deleting <phone name>”.
Linking to a Different Phone
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
Using the Store Command
The store command allows a phone number to be
stored without entering the digits individually.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system responds with
“Bluetooth ready” followed by a tone.
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Change phone”. The system responds with
“Please wait while I search for other phones”.
2. Say “Store”. The system responds with “Store,
number please” followed by a tone.
• If another phone is found, the response will be
“<Phone name> is now connected”.
• If another phone is not found, the original phone
remains connected.
Storing Name Tags
The system can store up to thirty phone numbers as
name tags that are shared between the Bluetooth and
OnStar systems.
The system uses the following commands to store and
retrieve phone numbers:
3. Say the complete phone number to be stored at
once with no pauses.
• If the system recognizes the number it responds
with “OK, Storing” and repeats the phone number.
• If the system is unsure it recognizes the phone
number, it responds with “Store” and repeats the
number followed by “Please say yes or no”. If the
number is correct, say “Yes”. If the number is not
correct, say “No”. The system will ask for the
number to be re-entered.
• Store
• Digit Store
• Directory
3-119
4. After the system stores the phone number, it
responds with “Please say the name tag” followed
by a tone.
5. Say a name tag for the phone number. The name
tag is recorded and the system responds with
“About to store <name tag>. Does that sound OK?”.
• If the name tag does not sound correct, say
“No” and repeat Step 5.
• If the name tag sounds correct, say “Yes” and
the name tag is stored. After the number is
stored the system returns to the main menu.
Using the Digit Store Command
The digit store command allows a phone number to be
stored by entering the digits individually.
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Digit Store”. The system responds with
“Please say the first digit to store” followed by
a tone.
3-120
3. Say the first digit to be stored. The system will
repeat back the digit it heard followed by a tone.
Continue entering digits until the number to be
stored is complete.
• If an unwanted number is recognized by the
system, say “Clear” at any time to clear the
last number.
• To hear all of the numbers recognized by the
system, say “Verify” at any time and the
system will repeat them.
4. After the complete number has been entered, say
“Store”. The system responds with “Please say the
name tag” followed by a tone.
5. Say a name tag for the phone number. The name
tag is recorded and the system responds with
“About to store <name tag>. Does that sound OK?”.
• If the name tag does not sound correct, say
“No” and repeat Step 5.
• If the name tag sounds correct, say “Yes” and
the name tag is stored. After the number is
stored the system returns to the main menu.
Using the Directory Command
The directory command lists all of the name tags stored
by the system. To use the directory command:
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Directory”. The system responds with
“Directory” and then plays back all of the stored
name tags. When the list is complete, the system
returns to the main menu.
Deleting Name Tags
The system uses the following commands to delete
name tags:
• Delete
• Delete all name tags
Using the Delete Command
The delete command allows specific name tags to be
deleted.
To use the delete command:
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Delete”. The system responds with “Delete,
please say the name tag” followed by a tone.
3. Say the name tag to be deleted. The system
responds with “Would you like to delete,
<name tag>? Please say yes or no”.
• If the name tag is correct, say “Yes” to delete
the name tag. The system responds with “OK,
deleting <name tag>, returning to the main menu.”
• If the name tag is incorrect, say “No”. The system
responds with “No. OK, let’s try again, please say
the name tag.”
Using the Delete All Name Tags Command
The delete all name tags command deletes all stored
phone book name tags and route name tags for OnStar
(if present).
To use the delete all name tags command:
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Delete all name tags”. The system responds
with “You are about to delete all name tags stored
in your phone directory and your route destination
directory. Are you sure you want to do this? Please
say yes or no.”
• Say “Yes” to delete all name tags.
• Say “No” to cancel the function and return to the
main menu.
3-121
Making a Call
Calls can be made using the following commands:
•
•
•
•
Dial
Digit Dial
Call
Re-dial
Using the Dial Command
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Dial”. The system responds with “Dial using
<phone name>. “Number please” followed by a tone.
3. Say the entire number without pausing.
• If the system recognizes the number, it responds
with “OK, Dialing” and dials the number.
• If the system does not recognize the number,
it confirms the numbers followed by a tone.
If the number is correct, say “Yes”. The system
responds with “OK, Dialing” and dials the
number. If the number is not correct, say “No”.
The system will ask for the number to be
re-entered.
Using the Digit Dial Command
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Digit Dial”. The system responds with
“Digit dial using <phone name>, please say the
first digit to dial” followed by a tone.
3. Say the digit to be dialed one at a time. Following
each digit, the system will repeat back the digit it
heard followed by a tone.
4. Continue entering digits until the number to be
dialed is complete. After the whole number has
been entered, say “Dial”. The system responds
with “OK, Dialing” and dials the number.
• If an unwanted number is recognized by the
system, say “Clear” at any time to clear the
last number.
• To hear all of the numbers recognized by the
system, say “Verify” at any time and the
system will repeat them.
Using the Call Command
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Call”. The system responds with “Call using
<phone name>. Please say the name tag” followed
by a tone.
3-122
3. Say the name tag of the person to call.
• If the system clearly recognizes the name tag it
responds with “OK, calling, <name tag>” and
dials the number.
• If the system is unsure it recognizes the right
name tag, it confirms the name tag followed by
a tone. If the name tag is correct, say “Yes”. The
system responds with “OK, calling, <name tag>”
and dials the number. If the name tag is not
correct, say “No”. The system will ask for the
name tag to be re-entered.
Once connected, the person called will be heard
through the audio speakers.
Using the Re-dial Command
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. After the tone, say “Re-dial”. The system responds
with “Re-dial using <phone name>” and dials the
last number called from the connected Bluetooth
phone.
Receiving a Call
When an incoming call is received, the audio system
mutes and a ring tone is heard in the vehicle.
• Press b g and begin speaking to answer the call.
• Press c x to ignore a call.
Call Waiting
Call waiting must be supported on the Bluetooth phone
and enabled by the wireless service carrier to work.
• Press b g to answer an incoming call when
another call is active. The original call is placed
on hold.
• Press b g again to return to the original call.
• To ignore the incoming call, continue with the
original call with no action.
• Press c x to disconnect the current call and
switch to the call on hold.
Once connected, the person called will be heard
through the audio speakers.
3-123
To Mute a call
Three-Way Calling
Three-Way Calling must be supported on the
Bluetooth phone and enabled by the wireless service
carrier to work.
1. While on a call press b g . The system responds
with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Three-way call”. The system responds with
“Three-way call, please say dial or call”.
3. Use the dial or call command to dial the number of
the third party to be called.
4. Once the call is connected, press
the callers together.
b g to link all
Ending a Call
Press
c x to end a call.
Muting a Call
During a call, all sounds from inside the vehicle can
be muted so that the person on the other end of the
call cannot hear them.
3-124
1. Press b g . The system responds with “Ready”
followed by a tone.
2. Say “Mute Call”. The system responds with
“Call muted”.
To Cancel Mute
1. Press b g . The system responds with “Ready”
followed by a tone.
2. After the tone, say “Mute Call”. The system
responds with “Resuming call”.
Transferring a Call
Audio can be transferred between the in-vehicle
Bluetooth system and the cell phone.
To Transfer Audio to the Cell Phone
During a call with the audio in the vehicle:
1. Press b g . The system responds with “Ready”
followed by a tone.
2. Say “Transfer Call.” The system responds with
“Transferring call” and the audio will switch from
the vehicle to the cell phone.
To Transfer Audio to the In-Vehicle
Bluetooth System
Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF)
Tones
The cellular phone must be paired and connected with
the Bluetooth system before a call can be transferred.
The connection process can take up to two minutes after
the key is turned to the ON/RUN or ACC/ACCESSORY
position.
The in-vehicle Bluetooth system can send numbers and
numbers stored as name tags during a call. This is used
when calling a menu driven phone system. Account
numbers can be programmed into the phonebook for
retrieval during menu driven calls.
During a call with the audio on the cell phone,
press b g for more than two seconds. The audio
switches from the cell phone to the vehicle.
Voice Pass-Thru
Voice Pass-Thru allows access to the voice recognition
commands on the cell phone. See the cell phone
manufacturers user guide to see if the cell phone
supports this feature. This feature can be used to
verbally access contacts stored in the cell phone.
1. Press and hold b g for two seconds. The system
responds with “Ready” followed by a tone.
2. Say “Bluetooth”. The system responds with
“Bluetooth ready” followed by a tone.
3. Say “Voice”. The system responds with
“OK, accessing <phone name>”.
Sending a Number During a Call
1. Press b g . The system responds with “Ready”
followed by a tone.
2. Say “Dial”. The system responds with “Say a
number to send tones” followed by a tone.
3. Say the number to send.
• If the system clearly recognizes the number it
responds with “OK, Sending Number” and the
dial tones are sent and the call continues.
• If the system is not sure it recognized the
number properly, it responds “Dial Number,
Please say yes or no?” followed by a tone.
If the number is correct, say “Yes”. The system
responds with “OK, Sending Number” and
the dial tones are sent and the call continues.
• The cell phone’s normal prompt messages will
go through its cycle according to the phone’s
operating instructions.
3-125
Sending a Stored Name Tag During a Call
1. Press b g . The system responds with “Ready”
followed by a tone.
2. Say “Send name tag.” The system responds with
“Say a name tag to send tones” followed by a tone.
3. Say the name tag to send.
• If the system clearly recognizes the name tag it
responds with “OK, Sending <name tag>” and
the dial tones are sent and the call continues.
• If the system is not sure it recognized the
name tag properly, it responds “Dial <name tag>,
Please say yes or no?” followed by a tone.
If the name tag is correct, say “Yes”. The system
responds with “OK, Sending <name tag>” and
the dial tones are sent and the call continues.
Clearing the System
Unless information is deleted out of the in-vehicle
Bluetooth system, it will be retained indefinitely.
This includes all saved name tags in the phonebook
and phone pairing information. For information on
how to delete this information, see the above sections
on Deleting a Paired Phone and Deleting Name Tags.
3-126
Other Information
The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are owned by the
Bluetooth® SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by
General Motors is under license. Other trademarks
and trade names are those of their respective owners.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
®
THEFTLOCK is designed to discourage theft of the
vehicle’s radio by learning a portion of the Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN). The radio does not operate
if it is stolen or moved to a different vehicle.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
Vehicles with audio
steering wheel controls
could differ depending
on the vehicle’s options.
Some audio controls can
be adjusted at the steering
wheel.
b g (Mute/Push to Talk): Press to silence the vehicle
speakers only. Press again to turn the sound on.
For vehicles with OnStar® or Bluetooth systems press
and hold for longer than two seconds to interact with
those systems. See OnStar® System on page 2-51
and Bluetooth® on page 3-116 in this manual for more
information.
SRCE (Source): Press to switch between the radio
(AM, FM, XM), CD, and for vehicles with, DVD,
front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
For vehicles with the navigation system, press and hold
this button for longer than two seconds to initiate voice
recognition. See “Voice Recognition” in the Navigation
System manual for more information.
+ e − e (Volume): Press to increase or to decrease
the radio volume.
¨ (Seek):
w (Next): Press to go to the next radio station stored
as a favorite, or the next track if a CD/DVD is playing.
Press to go to the next radio station while
in AM, FM, or XM™. Press ¨to go to the next track or
chapter while sourced to the CD or DVD slot. Press
the ¨if multiple discs are loaded to go to the next disc
while sourced to a CD player.
c x(Previous/End): Press to go to the previous
radio station stored as a favorite, the next track if a
CD/DVD is playing, to reject an incoming call, or end
a current call.
3-127
Radio Reception
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
Frequency interference and static can occur during
normal radio reception if items such as cell phone
chargers, vehicle convenience accessories, and external
electronic devices are plugged into the accessory power
outlet. If there is interference or static, unplug the item
from the accessory power outlet.
XM Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio reception
from coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous United States,
and in Canada. Just as with FM, tall buildings or hills can
interfere with satellite radio signals, causing the sound to
fade in and out. In addition, traveling or standing under
heavy foliage, bridges, garages, or tunnels may cause
loss of the XM signal for a period of time.
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range can cause station
frequencies to interfere with each other. For better radio
reception, most AM radio stations boost the power levels
during the day, and then reduce these levels during the
night. Static can also occur when things like storms and
power lines interfere with radio reception. When this
happens, try reducing the treble on the radio.
FM Stereo
FM signals only reach about 10 to 40 miles
(16 to 65 km). Although the radio has a built-in
electronic circuit that automatically works to reduce
interference, some static can occur, especially around
tall buildings or hills, causing the sound to fade in
and out.
3-128
Cellular Phone Usage
Cellular phone usage may cause interference with the
vehicle’s radio. This interference may occur when making
or receiving phone calls, charging the phone’s battery,
or simply having the phone on. This interference causes
an increased level of static while listening to the radio.
If static is received while listening to the radio, unplug
the cellular phone and turn it off.
Backglass Antenna
The AM-FM antenna is integrated with the rear
window defogger, located in the rear window. Make
sure that the inside surface of the rear window is not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could
interfere with radio reception. For proper radio reception,
the antenna connector needs to be properly attached
to the post on the glass.
If a cellular telephone antenna needs to be attached to
the glass, make sure that the grid lines for the AM-FM
antenna are not damaged. There is enough space
between the grid lines to attach a cellular telephone
antenna without interfering with radio reception.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to clear
the inside rear window can damage the rear window
antenna and/or the rear window defogger. Repairs
would not be covered by the vehicle warranty. Do not
clear the inside rear window with sharp objects.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting
with metallic film. The metallic film in some tinting
materials will interfere with or distort the incoming
radio reception. Any damage caused to your
backglass antenna due to metallic tinting materials
will not be covered by the vehicle warranty.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof of
the vehicle. Keep the antenna clear of obstructions for
clear radio reception.
If the vehicle has a sunroof, the performance of the XM
system may be affected if the sunroof is open.
3-129
✍ NOTES
3-130
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and the Vehicle ............4-2
Driving for Better Fuel Economy .......................4-2
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-2
Drunk Driving .................................................4-3
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-3
Braking .........................................................4-4
Antilock Brake System (ABS) ...........................4-4
Braking in Emergencies ...................................4-5
StabiliTrak® System ........................................4-6
Traction Control System (TCS) .........................4-6
Magnetic Ride Control™ ..................................4-8
Steering ........................................................4-8
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-10
Passing .......................................................4-10
Loss of Control .............................................4-10
Driving at Night ............................................4-12
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-12
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-14
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-14
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-15
Winter Driving ..............................................4-16
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice, or Snow .............................................4-18
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out .................4-19
Loading the Vehicle ......................................4-19
Towing ..........................................................4-26
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-26
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-26
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-28
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
the Vehicle
Driving for Better Fuel Economy
Driving habits can affect fuel mileage. Here are some
driving tips to get the best fuel economy possible.
•
•
•
•
Avoid fast starts and accelerate smoothly.
Brake gradually and avoid abrupt stops.
Avoid idling the engine for long periods of time.
When road and weather conditions are appropriate,
use cruise control, if equipped.
• Always follow posted speed limits or drive more
slowly when conditions require.
• Keep vehicle tires properly inflated.
• Combine several trips into a single trip.
• Replace the vehicle’s tires with the same TPC Spec
number molded into the tire’s sidewall near the size.
• Follow recommended scheduled maintenance.
4-2
Defensive Driving
Defensive driving means “always expect the
unexpected.” The first step in driving defensively is to
wear your safety belt — See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-12.
{ CAUTION:
Assume that other road users (pedestrians,
bicyclists, and other drivers) are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do and be ready. In addition:
• Allow enough following distance between you
and the driver in front of you.
• Focus on the task of driving.
Driver distraction can cause collisions resulting in
injury or possible death. These simple defensive
driving techniques could save your life.
Drunk Driving
{ CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous. Your
reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness, and judgment
can be affected by even a small amount of alcohol.
You can have a serious — or even fatal — collision
if you drive after drinking. Do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride home
in a cab; or if you are with a group, designate a
driver who will not drink.
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a global tragedy.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle: judgment, muscular coordination, vision, and
attentiveness.
Police records show that almost 40 percent of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, more than 17,000 annual
motor vehicle-related deaths have been associated with
the use of alcohol, with about 250,000 people injured.
For persons under 21, it is against the law in every
U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical,
psychological, and developmental reasons for
these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive.
Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s
system can make crash injuries worse, especially
injuries to the brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means
that when anyone who has been drinking — driver
or passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance of
being killed or permanently disabled is higher than if the
person had not been drinking.
Control of a Vehicle
The following three systems help to control the vehicle
while driving — brakes, steering, and accelerator.
At times, as when driving on snow or ice, it is easy to ask
more of those control systems than the tires and road can
provide. Meaning, you can lose control of the vehicle.
See Traction Control System (TCS) on page 4-6.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer accessories can affect
vehicle performance. See Accessories and Modifications
on page 5-3.
4-3
Braking
See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-56.
Braking action involves perception time and reaction
time. Deciding to push the brake pedal is perception
time. Actually doing it is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might be less
with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or
more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination, and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol,
drugs, and frustration. But even in three-fourths of a
second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels
66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between
the vehicle and others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road, whether it is pavement
or gravel; the condition of the road, whether it is
wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the condition of the brakes;
the weight of the vehicle; and the amount of brake force
applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. The brakes might not have time to cool between
hard stops. The brakes will wear out much faster with a
4-4
lot of heavy braking. Keeping pace with the traffic and
allowing realistic following distances eliminates a lot of
unnecessary braking. That means better braking and
longer brake life.
If the engine ever stops while the vehicle is being driven,
brake normally but do not pump the brakes. If the brakes
are pumped, the pedal could get harder to push down.
If the engine stops, there will still be some power brake
assist but it will be used when the brake is applied. Once
the power assist is used up, it can take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer accessories can affect
vehicle performance. See Accessories and Modifications
on page 5-3.
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
This vehicle has the Antilock Brake System (ABS), an
advanced electronic braking system that helps prevent a
braking skid.
When the engine is started and the vehicle begins to
drive away, ABS checks itself. A momentary motor
or clicking noise might be heard while this test is going
on, and it might even be noticed that the brake pedal
moves a little. This is normal.
If there is a problem with
ABS, this warning light
stays on. See Antilock
Brake System (ABS)
Warning Light on
page 3-57.
Using ABS
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let antilock work. The antilock pump or
motor operating might be heard and the brake pedal
might be felt to pulsate, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that the wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each front wheel
and at both rear wheels.
ABS can change the brake pressure to each wheel, as
required, faster than any driver could. This can help
the driver steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
As the brakes are applied, the computer keeps receiving
updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change the time needed to get
a foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease stopping
distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you,
there will not be enough time to apply the brakes if that
vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough
room up ahead to stop, even with ABS.
ABS allows the driver to steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help more than
even the very best braking.
Brake Assist
This vehicle has a Brake Assist feature designed to
assist the driver in stopping or decreasing vehicle speed
in emergency driving conditions. This feature uses the
stability system hydraulic brake control module to
supplement the power brake system under conditions
where the driver has quickly and forcefully applied
the brake pedal in an attempt to quickly stop or slow
down the vehicle. The stability system hydraulic
brake control module increases brake pressure at each
corner of the vehicle until the ABS activates. Minor
brake pedal pulsations or pedal movement during this
time is normal and the driver should continue to
apply the brake pedal as the driving situation dictates
The Brake Assist feature will automatically disengage
when the brake pedal is released or brake pedal
pressure is quickly decreased.
4-5
StabiliTrak® System
The vehicle may have the StabiliTrak system which
combines antilock brake, traction and stability control
systems and helps the driver maintain directional control
of the vehicle in most driving conditions. This is
accomplished by selectively applying any one of the
vehicle’s brakes and reducing engine power.
The StabiliTrak system comes on automatically
whenever the vehicle is started. The system cannot be
turned off.
This light will flash when
the system is operating.
The STABILITRAK NOT READY message may be
displayed in the Driver Information Center (DIC) and the
Traction Control System (TCS)/StabiliTrak warning
light on the instrument panel cluster comes on after first
driving the vehicle and exceeding 19 mph (30 km/h)
for 30 seconds. The StabiliTrak system is off until the
light has turned off. This could take up to 15 minutes.
4-6
The TCS/StabiliTrak warning light on the instrument
panel cluster will flash when the system is operating.
See Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light
on page 3-58 and StabiliTrak® Indicator Light on
page 3-58 for more information. The system may be
heard or felt while it is working. This is normal.
The SERVICE STABILITRAK message is displayed and
the TCS/StabiliTrak warning light on the instrument panel
cluster comes on if there is a problem with the system.
When this light and the SERVICE STABILITRAK
message are on, the system is not working. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
Traction Control System (TCS)
The vehicle has a Traction Control System (TCS) that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that the front wheels are spinning too much or beginning
to lose traction. When this happens, the system works
the front brakes and reduces engine power (by closing
the throttle and managing engine spark) to limit
wheel spin.
The TCS and StabiliTrak®
light will flash when the
system is limiting
wheel spin.
The system may be heard or felt while it is working, but
this is normal. See Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light on page 3-58 for more information.
If the vehicle is in cruise control when TCS begins to
limit wheel spin, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. The cruise control may be re-engaged when
road conditions allow. See Cruise Control on page 3-16.
The SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL message in
the DIC and the TCS/StabiliTrak warning light comes on
if there is a problem with the traction control system.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 3-73.
When this light and the SERVICE TRACTION
CONTROL message are on, the system will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
To turn the system off or
on, press and release this
button located in front
of the shift lever.
TCS automatically comes on whenever the vehicle is
started. To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery
road conditions, always leave the system turned on.
TCS can be turned off if needed.
The system can be turned on or off at any time by
pressing the TCS button. The DIC will display
TRACTION CONTROL OFF when the button is pressed,
and part of the traction control system is disabled.
The vehicle will still have brake-traction control, but will
not be able to use the engine speed management
system. System noises may be heard as a result of the
brake-traction control working. If the controller detects
excessive wheel spin in this mode, the TCS/StabiliTrak
light may blink.
It is recommended to leave the system on for normal
driving conditions, but it may be necessary to turn
the system off if the vehicle is stuck in sand, mud, ice or
snow, and you want to “rock” the vehicle to attempt to
free it. See If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or
Snow on page 4-18.
4-7
Adding non-dealer/non-retailer accessories can affect
the vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 5-3 for more information.
Steering
Magnetic Ride Control™
If power steering assist is lost because the engine stops
or the system is not functioning, the vehicle can be
steered but it will take more effort.
The vehicle may have Magnetic Ride Control that
automatically adjusts the ride of the vehicle.
The controller receives input from the system to
determine the proper ride. If the controller detects a
problem within the system, the Driver Information
Center (DIC) displays a SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS
message. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 3-73 for more information. If this message appears,
have the vehicle serviced at your dealer/retailer.
Electronically Controlled Air Ride
Suspension
Professional Vehicles may have Electronically Controlled
Air Suspension. The air ride controller receives input
from the system to determine the proper ride. If the
controller detects a problem with the system, the DIC
will display a SERVICE SUSPENSION SYS message.
If this message appears, have the vehicle serviced
at your dealer/retailer.
4-8
Power Steering
Magnetic Speed Variable Assist
Steering System
This system continuously adjusts the effort felt when
steering at all vehicle speeds. It provides ease
when parking, yet a firm, solid feel at highway speeds.
Steering Tips
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
Traction in a curve depends on the condition of the tires
and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is
banked, and vehicle speed. While in a curve, speed is
the one factor that can be controlled.
If there is a need to reduce speed, do it before entering
the curve, while the front wheels are straight.
Try to adjust the speed so you can drive through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until out of the curve, and then accelerate
gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. These
problems can be avoided by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you cannot stop in time
because there is no room. That is the time for evasive
action — steering around the problem.
The vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply the brakes. See Braking on page 4-4.
It is better to remove as much speed as possible
from a collision. Then steer around the problem, to the
left or right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If holding the steering wheel at the
recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, it can be turned
a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-9
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
The vehicle’s right wheels can drop off the edge of a
road onto the shoulder while driving.
Passing another vehicle on a two-lane road can be
dangerous. To reduce the risk of danger while passing:
• Look down the road, to the sides, and to crossroads
for situations that might affect a successful pass.
If in doubt, wait.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and
lines that could indicate a turn or an intersection.
Never cross a solid or double-solid line on your side
of the lane.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass. Doing so can reduce your visibility.
• Wait your turn to pass a slow vehicle.
• When you are being passed, ease to the right.
Loss of Control
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that the vehicle straddles the edge of the
pavement. Turn the steering wheel 3 to 5 inches,
8 to 13 cm, (about one-eighth turn) until the right front
tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn the steering
wheel to go straight down the roadway.
4-10
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has
asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not overdriving
those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to the vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, the wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip
and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration
skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels
to spin.
Remember: Any traction control system helps avoid only
the acceleration skid. If the traction control system is
off, then an acceleration skid is best handled by easing
your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If the vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
the vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for
a second skid if it occurs.
If the vehicle has StabiliTrak®, the system may be
active. See StabiliTrak® System on page 4-6.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, slow
down and adjust your driving to these conditions. It is
important to slow down on slippery surfaces because
stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more
limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your
best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or braking,
including reducing vehicle speed by shifting to a lower
gear. Any sudden changes could cause the tires to
slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until
the vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice, or packed snow on
the road to make a mirrored surface — and slow down
when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any Antilock Brake System (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
4-11
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving
because some drivers are likely to be impaired — by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by
fatigue.
Night driving tips include:
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Reduce headlamp glare by adjusting the inside
rearview mirror.
• Slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles because headlamps can only light up
so much road ahead.
• Watch for animals.
• When tired, pull off the road.
• Do not wear sunglasses.
4-12
• Avoid staring directly into approaching headlamps.
• Keep the windshield and all glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out.
• Keep your eyes moving, especially during turns or
curves.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But, as
we get older, these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver might need at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can reduce vehicle traction
and affect your ability to stop and accelerate.
Always drive slower in these types of driving
conditions and avoid driving through large puddles
and deep-standing or flowing water.
Hydroplaning
{ CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause crashes. They might not
work as well in a quick stop and could cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of the
vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or a
car/vehicle wash, lightly apply the brake pedal until
the brakes work normally.
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
Driving through flowing water could cause your
vehicle to be carried away. If this happens, you
and other vehicle occupants could drown. Do not
ignore police warnings and be very cautious about
trying to drive through flowing water.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. Water can build up under
your vehicle’s tires so they actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
There is no hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when the road is wet.
Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, other wet weather driving tips
include:
• Allow extra following distance.
• Pass with caution.
• Keep windshield wiping equipment in good shape.
• Keep the windshield washer fluid reservoir filled.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-48.
• Turn off cruise control.
4-13
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
To prepare your vehicle for a long trip, consider having
it serviced by your dealer/retailer before departing.
Always be alert and pay attention to your surroundings
while driving. If you become tired or sleepy, find a
safe place to park your vehicle and rest.
Things to check on your own include:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Reservoir full? Windows
clean — inside and outside?
•
•
•
•
Wiper Blades: In good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: All levels checked?
Lamps: Do they all work and are lenses clean?
Tires: Are treads good? Are tires inflated to
recommended pressure?
• Weather and Maps: Safe to travel?
Have up-to-date maps?
4-14
Other driving tips include:
• Keep the vehicle well ventilated.
• Keep interior temperature cool.
• Keep your eyes moving — scan the road ahead
and to the sides.
• Check the rearview mirror and vehicle instruments
often.
Hill and Mountain Roads
Driving on steep hills or through mountains is different
than driving on flat or rolling terrain. Tips for driving
in these conditions include:
• Keep the vehicle serviced and in good shape.
• Check all fluid levels and brakes, tires, cooling
system, and transmission.
• Going down steep or long hills, shift to a
lower gear.
{ CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, the brakes could get so
hot that they would not work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Shift down to let the engine
assist the brakes on a steep downhill slope.
{ CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in N (Neutral) or with the ignition
off is dangerous. The brakes will have to do all the
work of slowing down and they could get so hot
that they would not work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have the engine running
and the vehicle in gear when going downhill.
• Stay in your own lane. Do not swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds
that let you stay in your own lane.
• Top of hills: Be alert — something could be in your
lane (stalled car, accident).
• Pay attention to special road signs (falling rocks
area, winding roads, long grades, passing or
no-passing zones) and take appropriate action.
4-15
Winter Driving
Driving on Snow or Ice
The Antilock Brake System (ABS) on page 4-4 improves
vehicle stability during hard stops on a slippery roads,
but apply the brakes sooner than when on dry
pavement.
Drive carefully when there is snow or ice between the
tires and the road, creating less traction or grip. Wet ice
can occur at about 32°F (0°C) when freezing rain
begins to fall, resulting in even less traction. Avoid
driving on wet ice or in freezing rain until roads can be
treated with salt or sand.
Allow greater following distance on any slippery road
and watch for slippery spots. Icy patches can occur on
otherwise clear roads in shaded areas. The surface
of a curve or an overpass can remain icy when
the surrounding roads are clear. Avoid sudden steering
maneuvers and braking while on ice.
Drive with caution, whatever the condition. Accelerate
gently so traction is not lost. Accelerating too quickly
causes the wheels to spin and makes the surface under
the tires slick, so there is even less traction.
Turn off cruise control, if equipped, on slippery surfaces.
Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too
fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
The Traction Control System (TCS) on page 4-6
improves the ability to accelerate on slippery roads,
but slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. When driving through deep snow, turn off
the traction control system to help maintain vehicle
motion at lower speeds.
4-16
Blizzard Conditions
Being stuck in snow can be in a serious situation. Stay
with the vehicle unless there is help nearby. If possible,
use the Roadside Service on page 7-7. To get help and
keep everyone in the vehicle safe:
• Turn on the Hazard Warning Flashers on page 3-6.
• Tie a red cloth to an outside mirror.
CAUTION:
{ CAUTION:
Snow can trap engine exhaust under the vehicle.
This may cause exhaust gases to get inside.
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide (CO)
which cannot be seen or smelled. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death.
If the vehicle is stuck in the snow:
• Clear away snow from around the base of
your vehicle, especially any that is blocking
the exhaust pipe.
• Check again from time to time to be sure
snow does not collect there.
• Open a window about two inches (5 cm) on
the side of the vehicle that is away from the
wind to bring in fresh air.
• Fully open the air outlets on or under the
instrument panel.
• Adjust the Climate Control system to a setting
that circulates the air inside the vehicle and
set the fan speed to the highest setting.
See Climate Control System in the Index.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
For more information about carbon monoxide, see
Engine Exhaust on page 2-36.
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill you.
You cannot see it or smell it, so you might not know
it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from around
the base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking the exhaust.
Run the engine for short periods only as needed to keep
warm, but be careful.
To save fuel, run the engine for only short periods as
needed to warm the vehicle and then shut the engine off
and close the window most of the way to save heat.
Repeat this until help arrives but only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. Moving about to keep warm
also helps.
If it takes some time for help to arrive, now and then when
you run the engine, push the accelerator pedal slightly so
the engine runs faster than the idle speed. This keeps the
battery charged to restart the vehicle and to signal for
help with the headlamps. Do this as little as possible to
save fuel.
4-17
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow
Slowly and cautiously spin the wheels to free the
vehicle when stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow. See
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out on page 4-19.
If the vehicle has a traction system, it can often help to
free a stuck vehicle. Refer to the vehicle’s traction
system in the Index. If stuck too severely for the traction
system to free the vehicle, turn the traction system off
and use the rocking method.
{ CAUTION:
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at high speed,
they can explode, and you or others could be
injured. The vehicle can overheat, causing an
engine compartment fire or other damage. Spin
the wheels as little as possible and avoid going
above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
For information about using tire chains on the vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-73.
4-18
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
Loading the Vehicle
Turn the steering wheel left and right to clear the
area around the front wheels. Turn off any traction or
stability system. Shift back and forth between
R (Reverse) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels as
little as possible. To prevent transmission wear, wait
until the wheels stop spinning before shifting gears.
Release the accelerator pedal while shifting, and press
lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transmission
is in gear. Slowly spinning the wheels in the forward and
reverse directions causes a rocking motion that could
free the vehicle. If that does not get the vehicle out after
a few tries, it might need to be towed out. If the
vehicle does need to be towed out, see Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-26.
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all
occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how much
weight it may properly carry, the Tire and Loading
Information label and the Certification label.
{ CAUTION:
Do not load the vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or
either the maximum front or rear Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on the
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of the vehicle.
4-19
Tire and Loading Information Label
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information
label is attached to the vehicle’s center pillar
(B-pillar). With the driver’s door open, you will find
the label attached below the door lock post (striker).
The Tire and Loading Information label shows the
number of occupant seating positions (A), and the
maximum vehicle capacity weight (B) in kilograms
and pounds.
4-20
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows
the tire size of the original equipment tires (C) and
the recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D).
For more information on tires and inflation see Tires
on page 5-48 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-57.
There is also important loading information on the
Certification label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight
Rating (GAWR) for the front and rear axle; see
“Certification Label” later in this section.
If you have a Professional Vehicle, a Tire and
Loading Information label specific to your vehicle
will be provided and installed by the final body
manufacturer. The Tire and Loading Information
label, should be attached to the B-pillar of
your vehicle. See the final stage manufacturer’s
manual or contact them directly. The label
shows the original tires installed on your
professional vehicle and the recommended cold
tire inflation pressures for those tires. The label
also tells you the professional vehicle’s capacity
weight.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed
XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver
and passengers that will be riding in your
vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver
and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
4. The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.
For example, if the “XXX” amount equals
1400 lbs and there will be five 150 lb
passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage
and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That
weight may not safely exceed the available
cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in
Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load
from your trailer will be transferred to your
vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how
this reduces the available cargo and luggage
load capacity of your vehicle.
If your vehicle can tow a trailer, see “Towing a
Trailer” for important information on towing
a trailer, towing safety rules, and trailering tips.
4-21
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
4-22
Description
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for
Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant
and Cargo Weight =
Example 2
Total
Item
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
A
300 lbs (136 kg)
B
700 lbs (317 kg)
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for
Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
750 lbs (340 kg)
250 lbs (113 kg)
Certification Label
Example 3
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for
Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo
Weight =
Total
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s Tire and Loading
Information label for specific information about
your vehicle’s capacity weight and seating
positions. The combined weight of the driver,
passengers, and cargo should never exceed your
vehicle’s capacity weight.
A vehicle specific Certification label is attached to
the rear edge of the driver’s door. This label
shows the gross weight capacity of your vehicle,
called the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle,
all occupants, fuel, and cargo. Never exceed the
GVWR for your vehicle, or the Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front
or rear axle.
4-23
If your vehicle is a Professional Vehicle, the vehicle
specific Certification label is provided by the final
stage manufacturer. The coach-builder should be
consulted if the final stage manufacturer’s label is
not present. The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
GVWR label should be on the driver’s door edge.
If you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
out. See “Steps for Determining Correct Load
Limit” earlier in this section.
{ CAUTION:
Do not load the vehicle any heavier than the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or
either the maximum front or rear Gross Axle
Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on the
vehicle can break, and it can change the way
your vehicle handles. These could cause you
to lose control and crash. Also, overloading
can shorten the life of the vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
4-24
If you put things inside your vehicle, like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else, they will go
as fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or
turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they will keep
going.
{ CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a trunk, put them as far forward as you
can. Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that some
of them are above the tops of the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Automatic Level Control
This feature keeps the rear of your vehicle level
as the load changes. It is automatic, you do
not need to adjust anything.
This type of level control is fully automatic and will
provide a better leveled riding position as well
as better handling under a variety of passenger
and loading conditions. An air compressor
connected to the rear shocks will raise or lower
the rear of the vehicle to maintain proper vehicle
height. The system is activated when the
ignition key is turned to ON/RUN and will
automatically adjust vehicle height thereafter.
The system may exhaust (lower vehicle height)
for up to ten minutes after the ignition key
has been turned to LOCK/OFF. You may hear the
air compressor operating when the height is
being adjusted.
4-25
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Here are some important things to consider before
recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure to read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
Consult your dealer/retailer or a professional towing
service if the disabled vehicle must be towed.
See Roadside Service on page 7-7.
• How far will the vehicle be towed? Some vehicles
To tow the vehicle behind another vehicle for
recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
• Does the vehicle have the proper towing
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing the vehicle
behind another vehicle – such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as dinghy towing and dolly towing.
Dinghy towing is towing the vehicle with all four wheels
on the ground. Dolly towing is towing the vehicle
with two wheels on the ground and two wheels up on a
device known as a dolly.
4-26
have restrictions on how far and how long they
can tow.
equipment? See your dealer/retailer or trailering
professional for additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
• Is the vehicle ready to be towed? Just as preparing
the vehicle for a long trip, make sure the vehicle is
prepared to be towed. See Before Leaving on a
Long Trip on page 4-14.
Dinghy Towing
Dolly Towing
Notice: If the vehicle is towed with all four wheels
on the ground, the drivetrain components could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Do not tow the vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground.
The vehicle can be towed using a dolly. To tow the
vehicle using a dolly, follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Put the gear shift lever in P (Park).
3. Set the parking brake.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Remove the key from the ignition.
6. Secure the vehicle to the dolly.
7. Release the parking brake.
The vehicle was not designed to be towed with all
four wheels on the ground. Use a dolly if the vehicle
must be towed. See “Dolly Towing” later in this section
for more information.
4-27
Towing a Trailer
The Cadillac Professional Vehicle cannot tow a trailer.
{ CAUTION:
The driver can lose control when pulling a trailer if
the correct equipment is not used or the vehicle is
not driven properly. For example, if the trailer is
too heavy, the brakes may not work well — or
even at all. The driver and passengers could be
seriously injured. The vehicle may also be
damaged; the resulting repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty. Pull a trailer only
if all the steps in this section have been followed.
Ask your dealer/retailer for advice and information
about towing a trailer with the vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage the
vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered
by the vehicle warranty. To pull a trailer correctly,
follow the advice in this section and see your
dealer/retailer for important information about
towing a trailer with the vehicle.
4-28
The vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify the trailering
capacity of the vehicle, read the information in “Weight
of the Trailer” that appears later in this section. Trailering
is different than just driving the vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, acceleration,
braking, durability and fuel economy. Successful, safe
trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be used
properly.
The following information has many time-tested,
important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of these
are important for the safety of the driver and the
passengers. So please read this section carefully before
pulling a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine,
transmission, axles, wheel assemblies and tires are
forced to work harder against the drag of the added
weight. The engine is required to operate at relatively
higher speeds and under greater loads, generating extra
heat. The trailer also adds considerably to wind
resistance, increasing the pulling requirements.
Pulling A Trailer
Here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
the rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you will be driving. A good source for
this information can be state or provincial police.
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1600 km) the new vehicle is driven. The engine,
transmission or other parts could be damaged.
The repairs would not be covered by the vehicle’s
warranty.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that a
trailer is towed, do not drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and do not make starts at full throttle. This helps
the engine and other parts of the vehicle wear in at
the heavier loads.
• Vehicles can tow in D (Drive). Shift the transmission
to a lower gear if the transmission shifts too often
under heavy loads and/or hilly conditions.
• Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Do not drive faster than the maximum posted
speed for trailers, or no more than 55 mph
(90 km/h), to save wear on the vehicle’s parts.
• Do not tow a trailer when the outside temperature is
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• The weight of the trailer
• The weight of the trailer tongue
• The total weight on the vehicle’s tires
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs (454 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how the rig is used. For example, speed,
altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how
much the vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all
important. It can depend on any special equipment on
the vehicle, and the amount of tongue weight the vehicle
can carry. See “Weight of the Trailer Tongue” later in
this section for more information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming only the
driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all the required
trailering equipment. The weight of additional optional
equipment, passengers and cargo in the tow vehicle
must be subtracted from the maximum trailer weight.
Ask your dealer/retailer for trailering information or
advice, or write us at our Customer Assistance Offices.
See Customer Assistance Offices on page 7-6 for
more information.
above 100°F (38°C).
4-29
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total gross weight
of the vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo
carried in it, and the people who will be riding in the
vehicle. If there are a lot of options, equipment,
passengers or cargo in the vehicle, it will reduce the
tongue weight the vehicle can carry, which will also
reduce the trailer weight the vehicle can tow. If towing a
trailer, the tongue load must be added to the GVW
because the vehicle will be carrying that weight, too.
See Loading the Vehicle on page 4-19 for more
information about the vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
Using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer tongue (A)
should weigh 10 to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer
weight (B).
After loading the trailer, weigh the trailer and then the
tongue, separately, to see if the weights are proper.
If they are not, adjustments might be made by moving
some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on the Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure the vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. These numbers can be found on the
Certification/Tire label. See Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-19. Make sure not to go over the GVW limit for
the vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
4-30
Hitches
Safety Chains
It is important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads
are a few reasons why the right hitch is needed.
Here are some rules to follow:
Always attach chains between the vehicle and the
trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue of
the trailer to help prevent the tongue from contacting the
road if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so the rig can turn. Never allow
safety chains to drag on the ground.
• The rear bumper on the vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
• Will any holes be made in the body of the vehicle
when the trailer hitch is installed? If there are, then
be sure to seal the holes later when the hitch is
removed. If the holes are not sealed, dirt, water, and
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from the exhaust
can get into the vehicle. See Engine Exhaust on
page 2-36 for more information.
Trailer Brakes
Because the vehicle has StabiliTrak®, do not tap into
the vehicle’s hydraulic brake system. If you do,
both brake systems will not work well, or at all.
Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer
brakes so they are installed, adjusted and maintained
properly.
4-31
Driving with a Trailer
Passing
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Get to know the rig before setting out for the open road.
Get acquainted with the feel of handling and braking with
the added weight of the trailer. And always keep in mind
that the vehicle you are driving is now longer and not as
responsive as the vehicle is by itself.
More passing distance is needed when towing a trailer.
Because the rig is longer, it is necessary to go much
farther beyond the passed vehicle before returning
to the lane.
Before starting, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connectors, lamps,
tires and mirror adjustments. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start the vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure the
brakes are working. This checks the electrical connection
at the same time.
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
During the trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with
the vehicle. The vehicle could be damaged.
Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving the vehicle without a trailer. This
can help to avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
4-32
Backing Up
Making Turns
When turning with a trailer, make wider turns than
normal. Do this so the trailer will not strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
Parking on Hills
The arrows on the instrument panel flash whenever
signaling a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps also flash, telling other drivers the
vehicle is turning, changing lanes or stopping.
{ CAUTION:
When towing a trailer, the arrows on the instrument panel
flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer are burned
out. For this reason you may think other drivers are
seeing the signal when they are not. It is important to
check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still
working.
Parking the vehicle on a hill with the trailer
attached can be dangerous. If something goes
wrong, the rig could start to move. People can be
injured, and both the vehicle and the trailer can be
damaged. When possible, always park the rig on
a flat surface.
Driving on Grades
Notice: Do not tow on steep continuous grades
exceeding 6 miles (9.6 km). Extended, higher than
normal engine and transmission temperatures
may result and damage the vehicle. Frequent stops
are very important to allow the engine and
transmission to cool.
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before starting
down a long or steep downgrade. If the transmission is
not shifted down, the brakes might have to be used so
much that they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce the
vehicle’s speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce
the possibility of the engine and the transmission
overheating. If the engine does overheat, see Engine
Overheating on page 5-28.
If parking the rig on a hill:
1. Press the brake pedal, but do not shift into P (Park)
yet. Turn the wheels into the curb if facing downhill
or into traffic if facing uphill.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
brake pedal until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the brake pedal. Then apply the parking
brake and shift the transmission into P (Park).
5. Release the brake pedal.
4-33
Leaving After Parking on a Hill
1. Apply and hold the brake pedal while you:
• start the engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
The vehicle needs service more often when pulling a
trailer. See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
for more information. Things that are especially
important in trailer operation are automatic transmission
fluid, engine oil, belts, cooling system and brake
system. It is a good idea to inspect these before and
during the trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
4-34
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
The cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See Engine Overheating on
page 5-28.
Changing a Tire When Trailer Towing
If the vehicle gets a flat tire while towing a trailer,
be sure to secure the trailer and disconnect it from the
vehicle before changing the tire.
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Accessories and Modifications ..........................5-3
California Proposition 65 Warning .....................5-4
California Perchlorate Materials Requirements .....5-4
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-4
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
the Vehicle .................................................5-5
Fuel ................................................................5-5
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-5
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-5
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-7
Filling the Tank ..............................................5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .......................5-9
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-13
Engine Oil Life System ..................................5-16
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-17
Automatic Transmission Fluid .........................5-19
Cooling System ............................................5-22
Engine Coolant .............................................5-23
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..................5-27
Engine Overheating .......................................5-28
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ........................................5-30
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-31
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-32
Brakes ........................................................5-33
Battery ........................................................5-36
Jump Starting ...............................................5-38
Headlamp Aiming ...........................................5-43
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-46
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ............5-46
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-46
Tires ..............................................................5-48
Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................5-49
Tire Terminology and Definitions .....................5-54
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-57
High-Speed Operation ...................................5-59
Tire Pressure Monitor System .........................5-60
Tire Pressure Monitor Operation .....................5-61
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-65
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-67
Buying New Tires .........................................5-68
Different Size Tires and Wheels ......................5-69
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-70
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-71
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-71
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Chains ..................................................5-73
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-74
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-74
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................5-76
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ................................................5-77
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ............5-83
Spare Tire ...................................................5-85
Appearance Care ............................................5-86
Interior Cleaning ...........................................5-86
Fabric/Carpet ...............................................5-87
Leather .......................................................5-88
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ........................................5-88
Wood Panels ...............................................5-89
Speaker Covers ............................................5-89
Care of Safety Belts ......................................5-89
Weatherstrips ...............................................5-89
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................5-90
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .....................5-90
Finish Care ..................................................5-90
5-2
Windshield and Wiper Blades .........................5-91
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels and Trim ....5-92
Tires ...........................................................5-93
Sheet Metal Damage .....................................5-93
Finish Damage .............................................5-93
Underbody Maintenance ................................5-93
Chemical Paint Spotting .................................5-93
Vehicle Identification ......................................5-94
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) .................5-94
Service Parts Identification Label .....................5-94
Electrical System ............................................5-94
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................5-94
Headlamp Wiring ..........................................5-95
Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................5-95
Power Windows and Other Power Options .......5-95
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................5-95
Underhood Fuse Block ..................................5-95
Rear Underseat Fuse Block ...........................5-98
Capacities and Specifications ........................5-103
Service
Accessories and Modifications
For service and parts needs, visit your dealer/retailer.
You will receive genuine GM parts and GM-trained and
supported service people.
When non-dealer/non-retailer accessories are added
to the vehicle, they can affect vehicle performance and
safety, including such things as airbags, braking, stability,
ride and handling, emissions systems, aerodynamics,
durability, and electronic systems like antilock brakes,
traction control, and stability control. Some of these
accessories could even cause malfunction or damage
not covered by the vehicle warranty.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Damage to vehicle components resulting from the
installation or use of non-GM certified parts, including
control module modifications, are not covered under the
terms of the vehicle warranty and may affect remaining
warranty coverage for affected parts.
GM Accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on the vehicle. Your GM
dealer/retailer can accessorize the vehicle using genuine
GM Accessories. When you go to your GM dealer/
retailer and ask for GM Accessories, you will know that
GM-trained and supported service technicians will
perform the work using genuine GM Accessories.
Also, see Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 1-69.
5-3
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain and/or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Engine exhaust, many parts and systems (including
some inside the vehicle), many fluids, and some
component wear by-products contain and/or emit
these chemicals.
California Perchlorate Materials
Requirements
Certain types of automotive applications, such as airbag
initiators, seat belt pretensioners, and lithium batteries
contained in remote keyless transmitters, may contain
perchlorate materials. Special handling may be
necessary. For additional information, see
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate.
Doing Your Own Service Work
{ CAUTION:
You can be injured and the vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a vehicle
without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts, and
tools before attempting any vehicle
maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts, and other
fasteners. English and metric fasteners can be
easily confused. If the wrong fasteners are
used, parts can later break or fall off. You could
be hurt.
If doing some of your own service work, use the proper
service manual. It tells you much more about how to
service the vehicle than this manual can. To order
the proper service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 7-16.
This vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see Servicing Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-68.
5-4
Keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage
and the date of any service work performed. See
Maintenance Record on page 6-15.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
the Vehicle
Things added to the outside of the vehicle can affect the
airflow around it. This can cause wind noise and can
affect fuel economy and windshield washer performance.
Check with your dealer/retailer before adding equipment
to the outside of the vehicle.
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of this vehicle. To help keep the
engine clean and maintain optimum vehicle performance,
we recommend the use of gasoline advertised as TOP
TIER Detergent Gasoline.
Gasoline Octane
Use premium unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
rating of 91 or higher. You can also use regular unleaded
gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher, but the vehicle’s
acceleration could be slightly reduced, and you might
notice a slight audible knocking noise, commonly referred
to as spark knock. If the octane is less than 87, you
might notice a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If
this occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher
as soon as possible. Otherwise, you could damage the
engine. If you are using gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher and you hear heavy knocking, the engine needs
service.
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should meet ASTM specification
D 4814 in the United States or CAN/CGSB-3.5 or
3.511 in Canada. Some gasolines contain an
octane-enhancing additive called methylcyclopentadienyl
manganese tricarbonyl (MMT). We recommend
against the use of gasolines containing MMT. See
Additives on page 5-6 for additional information.
California Fuel
If the vehicle is certified to meet California Emissions
Standards, it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. See the underhood emission
control label. If this fuel is not available in states adopting
California emissions standards, the vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal specifications, but
emission control system performance might be affected.
5-5
The malfunction indicator lamp could turn on and the
vehicle might fail a smog-check test. See Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 3-61. If this occurs, return to your
authorized dealer/retailer for diagnosis. If it is determined
that the condition is caused by the type of fuel used,
repairs might not be covered by the vehicle warranty.
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that help prevent
engine and fuel system deposits from forming, allowing
the emission control system to work properly. In most
cases, you should not have to add anything to the fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the minimum
amount of additive required to meet U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency regulations. To help keep fuel injectors
and intake valves clean, or if the vehicle experiences
problems due to dirty injectors or valves, look for gasoline
that is advertised as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline.
For customers who do not use TOP TIER Detergent
Gasoline regularly, one bottle of GM Fuel System
Treatment PLUS, added to the fuel tank at every engine
oil change, can help clean deposits from fuel injectors
and intake valves. GM Fuel System Treatment PLUS is
the only gasoline additive recommended by General
Motors.
5-6
Also, your dealer/retailer has additives that will help
correct and prevent most deposit-related problems.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines might be available in
your area. We recommend that you use these gasolines,
if they comply with the specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels containing
more than 10% ethanol must not be used in vehicles that
were not designed for those fuels.
Notice: This vehicle was not designed for fuel
that contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in the fuel
system and also damage plastic and rubber parts.
That damage would not be covered under the vehicle
warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions can contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. We recommend against
the use of such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can
reduce the life of spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system could be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp might turn on. If this occurs,
return to your dealer/retailer for service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel might be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by the vehicle warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Keep sparks, flames, and smoking materials away
from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump unattended
when refueling the vehicle. This is against the law
in some places. Do not re-enter the vehicle while
pumping fuel. Keep children away from the fuel
pump; never let children pump fuel.
Filling the Tank
{ CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to you
and others, read and follow all the instructions on
the pump island. Turn off the engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are near fuel or
refueling the vehicle. Do not use cellular phones.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a hinged fuel
door on the driver side of the vehicle.
5-7
{ CAUTION:
Fuel can spray out on you if you open the fuel cap
too quickly. If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. This spray
can happen if the tank is nearly full, and is more
likely in hot weather. Open the fuel cap slowly and
wait for any hiss noise to stop. Then unscrew the
cap all the way.
To open the fuel door, push the rearward center edge in
and release and it will open.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly counterclockwise.
The fuel cap has a spring in it; if the cap is released
too soon, it will spring back to the right.
While refueling, hang the tethered fuel cap from the
hook on the fuel door.
5-8
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill the
tank and wait a few seconds after you have finished
pumping before removing the nozzle. Clean fuel
from painted surfaces as soon as possible. See
Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-90.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it clockwise until it
clicks. Make sure the cap is fully installed. The diagnostic
system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or
improperly installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate
into the atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-61.
The TIGHTEN GAS CAP message displays on the
Driver Information Center (DIC) if the fuel cap is
not properly installed. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73 for more information.
{ CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel by
shutting off the pump or by notifying the station
attendant. Leave the area immediately.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer/retailer can get one
for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not fit
properly. This may cause the malfunction indicator
lamp to light and may damage the fuel tank and
emissions system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp
on page 3-61.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
{ CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
the vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the fuel vapor. You can be
badly burned and the vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
• Dispense fuel only into approved containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed, or on
any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the inside
of the fill opening before operating the nozzle.
Contact should be maintained until the filling
is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping fuel.
• Do not use a cellular phone while
pumping fuel.
5-9
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{ CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing, and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
5-10
{ CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like fuel, oil,
coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and other
fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could
be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things
that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To lift the hood:
1. Pull the hood release
lever with this symbol
on it. It is located on the
lower left side of the
instrument panel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and find the
secondary hood release lever, located near the
center of the hood. Move the release lever up and
to the right to raise the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. Then pull the hood down and close it firmly.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood, here is what you will see:
4.6L L37 Engine shown, 4.6L LD8 Engine similar
5-12
A. Underhood Fuse Block on page 5-95.
B. Remote Positive (+) Terminal. See Jump Starting on
page 5-38.
C. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See “Adding
Washer Fluid” under Windshield Washer Fluid
on page 5-32.
D. Engine Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Engine Coolant on page 5-23.
E. Remote Negative (−) Terminal. See Jump Starting
on page 5-38.
F. Power Steering Fluid on page 5-31.
G. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-13.
H. Engine Oil Dipstick. See “Checking Engine Oil”
under Engine Oil on page 5-13.
I. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See “Brake Fluid”
under Brakes on page 5-33.
J. Automatic Transmission Fluid Cap and Dipstick
(Out of View). See Automatic Transmission Fluid on
page 5-19.
K. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-17.
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check the engine oil level at each
fuel fill. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes
to drain back into the oil pan. If this is not done, the
oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel
or cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it
again, keeping the tip down, and check the level.
5-13
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at the tip of
the dipstick, add at least one quart/liter of the
recommended oil. This section explains what kind of oil
to use. For engine oil crankcase capacity, see
Capacities and Specifications on page 5-103.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If the engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating
range, the engine could be damaged.
5-14
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine
oil fill cap.
Add enough oil to put the level somewhere in the proper
operating range in the cross-hatched area. Push the
dipstick all the way back in when through.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for three things:
Notice: Using oils that do not have the GM4718M
Standard designation can cause engine damage not
covered by the vehicle warranty.
• SAE 5W-30
•
• GM4718M
This vehicle’s engine requires a special oil
meeting GM Standard GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard may be identified as synthetic. However,
not all synthetic oils will meet this GM standard.
Use only an oil that meets GM Standard GM4718M.
SAE 5W-30 is best for the vehicle. These numbers
on an oil container show its viscosity, or thickness.
Do not use other viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.
American Petroleum Institute (API) starburst
symbol
Oils meeting these
requirements should have
the starburst symbol on
the container. This symbol
indicates that the oil
has been certified by the
American Petroleum
Institute (API).
This vehicle’s engine was filled at the factory with a
Mobil 1® synthetic oil meeting all requirements for this
vehicle.
Substitute Engine Oil: When adding oil to maintain engine
oil level, oil meeting GM Standard GM4718M might not
be available. You can add substitute oil designated
SAE 5W-30 with the starburst symbol at all temperatures.
Substitute oil not meeting GM Standard GM4718M
should not be used for an oil change.
5-15
Engine Oil Additives / Engine Oil
Flushes
Do not add anything to the oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM standards are
all that is needed for good performance and engine
protection.
Engine oil system flushes are not recommended and
could cause engine damage not covered by the vehicle
warranty.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
This vehicle has a computer system that indicates when
to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change is indicated can vary considerably.
For the oil life system to work properly, the system
must be reset every time the oil is changed.
5-16
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it indicates that an oil change is necessary.
A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) comes on. Change the oil as
soon as possible within the next 600 miles (1 000 km).
It is possible that, if driving under the best conditions, the
oil life system might not indicate that an oil change is
necessary for over a year. However, the engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at this
time the system must be reset. Your dealer/retailer has
trained people who will perform this work using genuine
parts and reset the system. It is also important to check
the oil regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, the oil must be
changed at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since the last oil
change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when to change
the engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Whenever
the oil is changed, reset the system so it can calculate
when the next oil change is required. If a situation occurs
where the oil is changed prior to a CHANGE ENGINE OIL
SOON message in the Driver Information Center (DIC)
being turned on, reset the system.
After the oil has been changed, the CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON message must be reset:
1. Turn the key to the ON/RUN position without
starting the engine.
2. Press the INFO button on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) until OIL LIFE REMAINING is
displayed. See DIC Operation and Displays on
page 3-68.
3. Press and hold the INFO RESET button until 100%
is displayed. This resets the oil life indicator.
4. Turn the key to LOCK/OFF.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes
back on when the vehicle is started, the engine oil
life system has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that can be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Recycle it by taking it to a
place that collects used oil.
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine air cleaner/filter.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace it at the first oil change after each
50,000 mile (80 000 km) interval. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4 for more information. If you
are driving in dusty/dirty conditions, inspect the filter
at each engine oil change.
5-17
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from the
vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release loose dust
and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt, a new filter is
required.
To inspect or replace the filter:
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter and any loose
debris that may be found in the air cleaner base.
4. Inspect or replace the air filter element.
To reinstall the cover:
1. Align the two hinges located on the inboard side of
the cover.
2. Push the cover slightly down and towards the
engine to engage the tabs in the hinges and
align the two screws.
3. Tighten the two screws on the top of the engine air
cleaner/filter cover.
{ CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter off
can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air; it helps to stop
flames if the engine backfires. If it is not there and
the engine backfires, you could be burned. Do not
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
1. Remove the two screws on the top of the engine air
cleaner/filter cover.
2. Lift up the outboard side of the cover at an angle
while pulling toward you. This is necessary due to the
two hinges located on the inboard side of the cover.
5-18
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into the engine, which will damage it. Always have
the air cleaner/filter in place when you are driving.
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transmission Fluid
A good time to check the automatic transmission fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in
Additional Required Services on page 6-5, and be sure
to use the transmission fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
How to Check Automatic Transmission
Fluid
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage
your transmission. Too much can mean that some
of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.
Too little fluid could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if you
check your transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
•
•
•
•
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic — especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealer/retailer service
department.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F
(10°C). If it is colder than 50°F (10°C), you may have
to drive longer.
5-19
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare the vehicle as follows:
1. Park the vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine
running.
2. With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in P (Park).
3. With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position
the shift lever in P (Park).
4. Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:
1. Locate the transmission fluid cap which is located
next to the radiator hose and below the engine air
cleaner/filter assembly on the driver side of the
vehicle. The cap is marked TRANS FLUID.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for more information on location.
2. After removing the engine air cleaner/filter assembly
to reach the transmission fluid cap, turn the cap
counterclockwise to remove. Pull out the dipstick
and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.
3. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds, and
then pull it back out again.
5-20
4. Check both sides of the dipstick and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
5. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push
the dipstick back in all the way and turn the
handle clockwise.
6. Reinstall the engine air cleaner/filter assembly.
How to Add Automatic Transmission
Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transmission fluid to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on the
dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It does not take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Do not overfill.
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic transmission
fluid may damage the vehicle, and the damages
may not be covered by the vehicle’s warranty.
Always use the automatic transmission fluid listed
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-11.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid,” earlier in this section.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way and turn the handle
clockwise.
5-21
Cooling System
The cooling system allows the engine to maintain the correct working temperature.
4.6L L37 Engine shown, 4.6L LD8 Engine similar
A. Coolant Surge Tank with Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
5-22
{ CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can cause injury. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® can
cause premature engine, heater core, or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant could
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by the vehicle warranty.
Always use DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in the
vehicle.
Engine Coolant
{ CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine parts,
can be very hot. Do not touch them. If you do, you
can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
The cooling system in the vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in the vehicle for five years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first.
The following explains the cooling system and how to
check and add coolant when it is low. If there is a
problem with engine overheating, see Engine
Overheating on page 5-28.
5-23
What to Use
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant. If using this mixture, nothing else
needs to be added. This mixture:
{ CAUTION:
• Gives freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C),
Adding only plain water to the cooling system can
be dangerous. Plain water, or some other liquid
such as alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant
mixture will. The vehicle’s coolant warning system
is set for the proper coolant mixture. With plain
water or the wrong mixture, the engine could get
too hot but you would not get the overheat
warning. The engine could catch fire and you or
others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of
clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
• Gives boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C),
outside temperature.
engine temperature.
• Protects against rust and corrosion.
• Will not damage aluminum parts.
• Helps keep the proper engine temperature.
Notice: If an improper coolant mixture is used, the
engine could overheat and be badly damaged. The
repair cost would not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core, and other
parts.
Notice: If extra inhibitors and/or additives are used
in the vehicle’s cooling system, the vehicle could
be damaged. Use only the proper mixture of
the engine coolant listed in this manual for the
cooling system. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-11 for more information.
5-24
Checking Coolant
The vehicle must be on a level surface when checking
the coolant level.
Check to see if coolant is visible in the coolant recovery
tank. If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down. If
coolant is visible but the coolant level is not at or above
the FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant at the coolant
recovery tank, but be sure the cooling system is cool
before this is done. See Engine Coolant on page 5-23 for
more information.
Notice: This vehicle has a specific coolant fill
procedure. Failure to follow this procedure could
cause the engine to overheat and be severely
damaged.
{ CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can cause injury. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
How to Add Coolant to the Surge Tank
{ CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough.
Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
5-25
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss
means there is still some pressure left.
{ CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn the surge tank
pressure cap — even a little — they can come out
at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the surge tank pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and surge
tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add coolant as
follows:
1. Remove the coolant
surge tank pressure
cap when the cooling
system, including the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap and upper
radiator hose, is no
longer hot.
5-26
2. Keep turning the cap and remove it.
3. Fill the coolant
surge tank with the
proper mixture to
the FULL COLD mark
on the side of the
coolant surge tank.
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly
secured.
If coolant is needed, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank.
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed,
coolant loss and possible engine damage may
occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly
secured.
4.6L L37 Engine shown, 4.6L LD8 Engine similar
4. With the coolant surge tank cap off, start the
engine and let it run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine
cooling fans.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank
until the level reaches the FULL COLD mark on the
side of the coolant surge tank.
The coolant surge tank pressure cap must be fully
installed on the coolant surge tank. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
5. Replace the cap. Be sure the cap is hand-tight and
fully seated.
5-27
Engine Overheating
If you do decide to lift the hood, make sure the vehicle
is parked on a level surface.
The vehicle has several indicators to warn of engine
overheating.
Then check to see if the engine cooling fans are
running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should
be running. If they are not, do not continue to run
the engine and have the vehicle serviced.
There is an engine temperature warning light and/or
gage on the instrument panel cluster. See Engine
Coolant Temperature Warning Light on page 3-59 and
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-60.
The vehicle may also display a ENGINE OVERHEATED
IDLE ENGINE message or an ENGINE OVERHEATED
STOP ENGINE message displayed in the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-73 for more information. You will
also hear a chime.
You may decide not to lift the hood when this warning
appears, but instead get service help right away.
See Roadside Service on page 7-7.
5-28
Notice: Engine damage from running the engine
without coolant is not covered by the warranty.
Notice: If the engine catches fire while driving with
no coolant, the vehicle can be badly damaged.
The costly repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. See Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode on page 5-30 for
information on driving to a safe place in an
emergency.
If Steam Is Coming From The Engine
Compartment
{ CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Turn it off and get everyone away from the
vehicle until it cools down. Wait until there is no sign
of steam or coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when the vehicles engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop the engine if it
overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
See Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode
on page 5-30 for information on driving to a safe
place in an emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From The
Engine Compartment
If an engine overheat warning is displayed but no steam
can be seen or heard, the problem may not be too
serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot
when the vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Climbs a long hill on a hot day.
Stops after high-speed driving.
Idles for long periods in traffic.
Tows a trailer.
If the overheat warning is displayed with no sign of
steam:
1. Turn the air conditioning off.
2. Turn the heater on to the highest temperature and
to the highest fan speed. Open the windows as
necessary.
3. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in N (Neutral) while
stopped. If it safe to do so, pull off the road, shift to
P (Park) or N (Neutral) and let the engine idle.
5-29
If the temperature overheat gage is no longer in the
overheat zone or an overheat warning no longer
displays, the vehicle can be driven. Continue to drive
the vehicle slow for about 10 minutes. Keep a safe
vehicle distance from the car in front of you. If the
warning does not come back on, continue to drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park the
vehicle right away.
If there is no sign of steam, idle the engine for
three minutes while parked. If the warning is still
displayed, turn off the engine until it cools down.
Also, see ‘‘Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode’’ next in this section.
5-30
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the
message ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE is
displayed, an overheat protection mode which alternates
firing groups of cylinders helps prevent engine damage.
In this mode, you will notice a loss in power and
engine performance. This operating mode allows your
vehicle to be driven to a safe place in an emergency.
Driving extended miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the
overheat protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine damage,
allow the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair the
cause of coolant loss, change the oil and reset the oil
life system. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
Power Steering Fluid
The power steering fluid
reservoir is located next to
the underhood fuse block
on the passenger side of
the vehicle. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
To check the power steering fluid:
1. Turn the key off and let the engine compartment
cool down.
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean.
3. Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a
clean rag.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
5. Remove the cap again and look at the fluid level on
the dipstick.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark.
If necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the
level up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Always use the proper fluid.
Notice: Use of the incorrect fluid may damage the
vehicle and the damages may not be covered by
the vehicle’s warranty. Always use the correct fluid
listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-11.
5-31
Windshield Washer Fluid
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the
What to Use
manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
When the vehicle needs windshield washer fluid, be
sure to read the manufacturer’s instructions before use.
If the vehicle will be operating in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Adding Washer Fluid
• Fill the washer fluid tank only three-quarters
The WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID message will
be displayed on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
when the fluid is low. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73 for more information.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until the
tank is full. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for reservoir
location.
5-32
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts of
the washer system. Also, water does not clean as
well as washer fluid.
full when it is very cold. This allows for fluid
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage the vehicle’s
windshield washer system and paint.
Brakes
Brake Fluid
The brake master cylinder
reservoir is filled with DOT
3 brake fluid. See Engine
Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for reservoir
location and access.
Do not top off the brake fluid. Adding fluid does not
correct a leak. If fluid is added when the linings
are worn, there will be too much fluid when new brake
linings are installed. Add or remove brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
{ CAUTION:
If too much brake fluid is added, it can spill on the
engine and burn, if the engine is hot enough. You
or others could be burned, and the vehicle could
be damaged. Add brake fluid only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down:
• The brake fluid level goes down because of normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are installed,
the fluid level goes back up.
If the ignition is on and the brake fluid is low, the
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM message displays in the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 3-73.
• A fluid leak in the brake hydraulic system can also
cause a low fluid level. Have the brake hydraulic
system fixed, since a leak means that sooner
or later the brakes will not work well.
5-33
What to Add
Brake Wear
Use only new DOT 3 brake fluid from a sealed container.
See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This helps keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
This vehicle has disc brakes. Disc brake pads have
built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched warning
sound when the brake pads are worn and new pads are
needed. The sound can come and go or be heard all the
time the vehicle is moving, except when applying the
brake pedal firmly.
{ CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in the brake hydraulic
system, the brakes might not work well. This could
cause a crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
hydraulic system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in
the brake hydraulic system can damage brake
hydraulic system parts so badly that they will
have to be replaced. Do not let someone put in
the wrong kind of fluid.
• If brake fluid is spilled on the vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged. Be
careful not to spill brake fluid on the vehicle. If
you do, wash it off immediately. See Washing
Your Vehicle on page 5-90.
5-34
{ CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
the brakes will not work well. That could lead to an
accident. When the brake wear warning sound is
heard, have the vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates can cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
the brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to torque specifications in Capacities
and Specifications on page 5-103.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer/retailer if the brake pedal does not
return to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign that brake service
might be required.
Brake Adjustment
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. The vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality brake parts.
When parts of the braking system are replaced — for
example, when the brake linings wear down and new
ones are installed — be sure to get new approved
replacement parts. If this is not done, the brakes might
not work properly. For example, if someone puts in brake
linings that are wrong for the vehicle, the balance
between the front and rear brakes can change — for the
worse. The braking performance expected can change in
many other ways if the wrong replacement brake parts
are installed.
Every time the brakes are applied, with or without the
vehicle moving, the brakes adjust for wear.
5-35
Battery
This vehicle has a maintenance free battery. When it is
time for a new battery, see your dealer/retailer for one
that has the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
The battery is located under the rear seat cushion. To
access the battery, see Rear Underseat Fuse Block
on page 5-98. Access to the battery is not necessary to
jump start the vehicle. See Jump Starting on page 5-38.
5-36
{ CAUTION:
A battery that is not properly vented can let
sulfuric acid fumes into the area under the rear
seat cushion. These fumes can damage the rear
seat safety belt systems. You might not be able to
see this damage and the safety belts might not
provide the protection needed in a crash. If a
replacement battery is ever needed, it must be
vented in the same manner as the original battery.
Always make sure that the vent hose is properly
reattached before reinstalling the seat cushion.
Vehicle Storage
{ CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas that
can explode. You can be badly hurt if you are not
careful. See Jump Starting on page 5-38 for tips
on working around a battery without getting hurt.
Infrequent Usage: If the vehicle is driven infrequently,
remove the black, negative (−) cable from the battery.
This helps keep the battery from running down.
To be sure the vent hose (A) is properly attached, the
vent hose connectors (B) must be securely reattached
to the vent outlets (C) on each side of the battery and
the vent assembly grommet (D) must be secured to the
floor pan (E).
Extended Storage: For extended storage of the vehicle,
remove the black, negative (−) cable from the battery or
use a battery trickle charger. This helps maintain the
charge of the battery over an extended period of time.
5-37
Jump Starting
If the vehicle’s battery has run down, you may want to
use another vehicle and some jumper cables to start
your vehicle. Be sure to use the following steps to do it
safely.
{ CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some or
all of these things can hurt you.
5-38
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to the vehicle that would not be covered
by the warranty.
Trying to start the vehicle by pushing or pulling it
will not work, and it could damage the vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles are not touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you do not want. You would not be able
to start your vehicle and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved
in the jump start procedure. Put an automatic
transmission in P (Park) or a manual transmission
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave the radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could be
damaged. The repairs would not be covered by the
warranty. Always turn off the radio and other
accessories when jump starting the vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or the accessory power outlets. Turn off
the radio and all lamps that are not needed. This
will avoid sparks and help save both batteries. And
it could save the radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the positive (+) and
negative (−) terminal locations on the other vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump starting
terminal and a remote negative (−) jump starting
terminal.
4.6L LD8 Engine shown,
4.6L L37 Engine similar
The remote positive (+) terminal is located in the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. Lift the red plastic cap to access the terminal.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12
for more information on the location of the remote
positive (+) terminal.
A second remote positive (+) terminal is located on
the rear underseat fuse block.
The remote negative (−) terminal is located behind
the power steering pulley, near the engine cover.
It is marked GND (−).
5-39
You will not see the battery of your vehicle under the
hood. It is located under the rear passenger’s seat.
You will not need to access the battery for jump
starting. The remote terminals are for that purpose.
{ CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
{ CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do not
need to add water to the battery installed in your
new vehicle. But if a battery has filler caps, be
sure the right amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that first. If you do not,
explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you. Do
not get it on you. If you accidentally get it in your
eyes or on your skin, flush the place with water
and get medical help immediately.
5-40
{ CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if the
vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you
will get a short that would damage the battery
and maybe other parts too. And do not connect the
negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the remote
positive (+) terminal location on the vehicle with
the dead battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect it to
the positive (+) terminal location of the vehicle with
the good battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal location of the vehicle with
the good battery. Use a remote negative (−) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end of the cable touch anything
until the next step. The other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead battery. It goes to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−) cable to
the negative (−) terminal location on the vehicle
with the dead battery. Your vehicle has a remote
negative (−) terminal marked GND (−).
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it will not start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
5-41
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting may
occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle warranty. Always
connect and remove the jumper cables in the correct
order, making sure that the cables do not touch
each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles, do
the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to its
original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (−) Terminal (GND)
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
5-42
Headlamp Aiming
The vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system. The aim has been preset at the factory and
should need no further adjustment.
However, if the vehicle is damaged in a crash, the
headlamp aim may be affected and adjustment may be
necessary.
If oncoming vehicles flash their high beams at you, this
may also mean the vertical aim needs to be adjusted.
It is recommended that the vehicle is taken to your
dealer/retailer for service if the headlamps need to be
re-aimed. It is possible however, to re-aim the
headlamps as described.
Notice: To make sure the headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before beginning.
Failure to follow these instructions could cause
damage to headlamp parts.
The vehicle should:
• Be placed so the headlamps are 25 ft. (7.6 m) from
a light colored wall.
• Have all four tires on a level surface which is level
all the way to the wall.
• Be placed so it is perpendicular to the wall.
• Not have any snow, ice, or mud on it.
• Be fully assembled and all other work stopped while
headlamp aiming is being performed.
• Be normally loaded with a full tank of fuel and one
person or 160 lbs (75 kg) sitting on the driver seat.
• Have all tires properly inflated.
• Have the spare tire is in its original location in the
vehicle.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle’s low-beam
headlamps. The high-beam headlamps will be correctly
aimed if the low-beam headlamps are aimed properly.
5-43
To adjust the vertical aim:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on page 5-11
for more information.
4. At a wall, measure from the ground upward (A) to
the recorded distance from Step 3 and mark it.
5. Draw or tape a horizontal line (B) the width of the
vehicle at the wall where it was marked in Step 4.
2. Find the center line running through the lens of the
headlamp.
3. Record the distance from the ground to the center
line running through the lens of the headlamp.
5-44
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp to improve beam
cut-off when aiming. Covering a headlamp may
cause excessive heat build-up which may cause
damage to the headlamp.
6. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a piece
of cardboard or equivalent in front of the headlamp
not being aimed. This should allow only the beam of
light from the headlamp being aimed to be seen on
the flat surface.
7. Locate the vertical headlamp aiming screws. They
are located under the hood near each headlamp
assembly. First lift the flap to access either of them.
Each one is the top outboard screw by the “V” on the
cover panel next to the aiming flap.
The adjustment screw can be turned with a 6 mm
hex wrench.
9. Make sure that the light from the headlamp is
positioned at the bottom edge of the horizontal tape
line. The lamp on the left (A) shows the correct
headlamp aim. The lamp on the right (B) shows the
incorrect headlamp aim.
10. Repeat Steps 7 through 9 for the opposite
headlamp.
8. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the headlamp
beam is aimed to the horizontal tape line. Turn it
clockwise or counterclockwise to raise or lower the
angle of the beam.
The top edge of the cut-off should be positioned at
the bottom edge of the horizontal tape line.
5-45
Bulb Replacement
It is recommended that all bulbs be replaced by your
dealer/retailer.
High Intensity Discharge (HID)
Lighting
{ CAUTION:
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for wear
or cracking. See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
for more information on wiper blade inspection.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. Here is how to remove
the wiper blade:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Lift the windshield wiper arm and blade away from
the windshield.
The low beam high intensity discharge lighting
system operates at a very high voltage. If you try to
service any of the system components, you could
be seriously injured. Have your dealer/retailer or a
qualified technician service them.
The vehicle may have HID headlamps. After an HID
headlamp bulb has been replaced, you may notice that
the beam is a slightly different shade than it was
originally. This is normal.
3. Pull the clip up from the blade connecting point and
pull the blade assembly down toward the windshield
to remove it from the wiper arm.
4. Install the new wiper blade onto the wiper arm and
firmly press down on the clip to snap it into place.
5-46
To remove and replace the wiper blade element:
1. The wiper blade element has two notches at one
end which are engaged by the bottom claw set of
the wiper blade. At the notched end of the wiper
blade, pull the wiper blade element from the wiper
blade assembly.
2. Replace the element by starting at the heel end of
the wiper blade, which is the end nearest to the base
of the wiper arm, and slide the wiper blade element,
notched end last, into the wiper blade claw sets.
3. Engage the last claw into the notched end of the
wiper blade element by squeezing the wiper blade
element at the notched area, and push the wiper
blade element so the claw fits into the notch.
4. Be sure the two wiper blade element notches are
engaged by the last claw set and all the other claws
are properly engaged in the slots of the wiper blade
element on both sides.
A. Correct Installation
B. Incorrect Installation
For the proper type and size windshield wiper blades,
see Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 6-13.
5-47
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires
made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever
have questions about your tire warranty and where
to obtain service, see your vehicle Warranty booklet
for details. For additional information refer to the tire
manufacturer.
{ CAUTION:
• Poorly maintained and improperly used
tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
flexing. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See Loading the
Vehicle on page 4-19.
CAUTION:
5-48
(Continued)
(Continued)
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
as overloaded tires. The resulting
accident could cause serious injury.
Check all tires frequently to maintain the
recommended pressure. Tire pressure
should be checked when your tires are
cold. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-57.
• Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured, or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
See High-Speed Operation on page 5-59 for
inflation pressure adjustment for high speed
driving.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation):
The Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following the DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and date the
tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
Passenger Car Tire Example
(A) Tire Size: The tire size is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type
and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
5-49
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number
of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on
three performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-70.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
For information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57 and Loading
the Vehicle on page 4-19.
Compact Spare Tire Example
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact
spare tire or temporary use tire has a tread life of
approximately 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should
not be driven at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h).
The compact spare tire is for emergency use when
a regular road tire has lost air and gone flat. See
Spare Tire on page 5-85 and If a Tire Goes Flat on
page 5-74.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
5-50
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and date the
tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have
the date of manufacture.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
See Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57
and Loading the Vehicle on page 4-19.
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or
compact spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi
(420 kPa). For more information on tire pressure
and inflation see Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-57 and Spare Tire on page 5-85.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and
numbers define a tire’s width, height, aspect
ratio, construction type and service description.
The letter T as the first character in the tire size
means the tire is for temporary use only.
(G) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
Light Truck Tire Example
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
5-51
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have a
TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all federal
safety guidelines.
(C) Dual Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load
that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load when used in a dual
configuration.
(D) DOT (Department of Transportation):
The Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
5-52
(E) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows
the manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one
side may have the date of manufacture.
(F) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number
of plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(G) Single Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load
that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load when used as a single.
For information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57.
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a
tire size.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that
indicates the tire height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size aspect ratio is 60, as
shown in item C of the illustration, it would mean
that the tire’s sidewall is 60 percent as high as
it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The
letter R means radial ply construction; the letter D
means diagonal or bias ply construction; and the
letter B means belted-bias ply construction.
(A) P-Metric Tire: The United States version of
a metric tire sizing system. The letter P as the
first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the
U. S. Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates
the tire section width in millimeters from sidewall
to sidewall.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in
inches.
(F) Service Description: These characters
represent the load index and speed rating of the
tire. The load index represents the load carry
capacity a tire is certified to carry. The speed
rating is the maximum speed a tire is certified to
carry a load.
5-53
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the
tire pressing outward on each square inch of the
tire. Air pressure is expressed in pounds per
square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined
weight of optional accessories. Some examples of
optional accessories are, automatic transmission,
power steering, power brakes, power windows,
power seats, and air conditioning.
Cold Tire Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up heat
from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-57.
Curb Weight: The weight of a motor vehicle with
standard and optional equipment including the
maximum capacity of fuel, oil, and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be
made from steel or other reinforcing materials.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall
of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN),
an alphanumeric designator which can also identify
the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand,
and date of production.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. See
Loading the Vehicle on page 4-19.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies
are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees
to the centerline of the tread.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
front axle. See Loading the Vehicle on page 4-19.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height
to its width.
5-54
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
rear axle. See Loading the Vehicle on page 4-19.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire, that must always face outward
when mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light
duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger
vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying
capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire can be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire
at the maximum permissible inflation pressure
for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity
weight, and production options weight.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating
positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that
faces outward when mounted on a vehicle. The
side of the tire that contains a whitewall, bears
white lettering, or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that is higher or deeper
than the same moldings on the other sidewall of
the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure
as shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 5-57 and Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-19.
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the
ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at
90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of
occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-19.
5-55
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which
the tire beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread
and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to
a tire indicating the maximum speed at which a
tire can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the
road surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into
contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called wear bars, that show across the tread of a
tire when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread remains.
See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 5-67.
5-56
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Standards): A tire information system that
provides consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform
Tire Quality Grading on page 5-70.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of
designated seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs
(68 kg) plus the rated cargo load. See Loading
the Vehicle on page 4-19.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached
to a vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity
weight and the original equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure. See “Tire and
Loading Information Label” under Loading the
Vehicle on page 4-19.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to
operate effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under-inflation), you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road hazards
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached
to the vehicle’s center pillar. This label lists your
vehicle’s original equipment tires and shows the
correct inflation pressures for your tires when they
are cold. The recommended cold tire inflation
pressure, shown on the label, is the minimum
amount of air pressure needed to support your
vehicle’s maximum load carrying capacity.
For additional information regarding how much
weight your vehicle can carry, and an example of
the Tire and Loading Information label, see Loading
the Vehicle on page 4-19. How you load your
vehicle affects the vehicle handling and ride
comfort, never load your vehicle with more weight
than it was designed to carry.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Do not
forget to check the spare tire. If your vehicle has a
compact spare tire, it should be at 60 psi (420 kPa).
For additional information see Spare Tire on
page 5-85.
5-57
How to Check
Professional Vehicle
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are properly
inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires
may look properly inflated even when they are
under-inflated. Check the tire’s inflation pressure
when the tires are cold. Cold means your vehicle
has been sitting for at least three hours or driven
no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a
pressure measurement. If the cold tire inflation
pressure matches the recommended pressure on
the Tire and Loading Information label, no further
adjustment is necessary. If the inflation pressure is
low, add air until you reach the recommended
amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on
the metal stem in the center of the tire valve.
Re-check the tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
The proper inflation of the tires on your professional
vehicle depends on the type of tires on it.
• If your vehicle has P235/60R17 size tires, the
cold inflation pressure is 41 psi (284 kPa).
• If your vehicle has LT235/60R17E size tires, the
cold inflation pressure depends on the vehicle
mass and should be determined by the vehicle
coach-builder. A Tire and Loading Information
label provided by the final stage manufacturer
should be attached to the B-pillar on the
driver’s side of the vehicle. If the final stage
manufacturer’s label is not present, the
coach-builder should be consulted. Do not use
the tire pressures indicated on the General
Motors label. These tire pressures are for the
incomplete vehicle and are not the correct tire
pressures for the completed professional
vehicle.
Operation at inflation pressures below this
recommendation may cause your tires to become
overloaded.
5-58
High-Speed Operation
{ CAUTION:
Driving at high speeds, 100 mph (160 km/h) or
higher, puts an additional strain on tires. Sustained
high-speed driving causes excessive heat build up
and can cause sudden tire failure. You could have
a crash and you or others could be killed. Some
high-speed rated tires require inflation pressure
adjustment for high speed operation. When speed
limits and road conditions are such that a vehicle
can be driven at high speeds, make sure the tires
are rated for high speed operation, in excellent
condition, and set to the correct cold tire inflation
pressure for the vehicle load.
If your vehicle has P235/55R17 or P245/50R18 size
tires, and you will be driving at speeds of 100 mph
(160 km/h) or higher, where it is legal, set the cold
inflation pressure to the maximum inflation pressure
shown on the tire sidewall, or 38 psi (265 kPa),
whichever is lower. See the example following.
Example:
You will find the maximum load and inflation pressure
molded on the tire’s sidewall, in small letters, near
the rim flange. It will read something like this: Maximum
load 690 kg (1521 lbs) 300 kPa (44 psi) Max. Press.
For this example, you would set the inflation pressure for
high-speed driving at 38 psi (265 kPa).
When you end this high-speed driving, return the tires
to the cold inflation pressure shown on the Tire and
Loading Information label. See Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-19.
5-59
Tire Pressure Monitor System
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) uses radio
and sensor technology to check tire pressure levels. The
TPMS sensors monitor the air pressure in your
vehicle’s tires and transmit tire pressure readings to a
receiver located in the vehicle.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should be
checked monthly when cold and inflated to the inflation
pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer
on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label.
(If your vehicle has tires of a different size than the size
indicated on the vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure
label, you should determine the proper tire inflation
pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety feature, your vehicle has been
equipped with a tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS)
that illuminates a low tire pressure telltale when one
or more of your tires is significantly under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale
illuminates, you should stop and check your tires as
soon as possible, and inflate them to the proper
pressure. Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire
causes the tire to overheat and can lead to tire failure.
Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire
tread life, and may affect the vehicle’s handling
and stopping ability.
5-60
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for proper
tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s responsibility to
maintain correct tire pressure, even if under-inflation has
not reached the level to trigger illumination of the TPMS
low tire pressure telltale.
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the system is
not operating properly. The TPMS malfunction indicator
is combined with the low tire pressure telltale. When
the system detects a malfunction, the telltale will
flash for approximately one minute and then remain
continuously illuminated. This sequence will continue
upon subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the
malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the system
may not be able to detect or signal low tire pressure as
intended. TPMS malfunctions may occur for a variety of
reasons, including the installation of replacement or
alternate tires or wheels on the vehicle that prevent the
TPMS from functioning properly. Always check the TPMS
malfunction telltale after replacing one or more tires or
wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the replacement or
alternate tires and wheels allow the TPMS to continue to
function properly.
See Tire Pressure Monitor Operation on page 5-61 for
additional information.
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) and Industry and Science Canada
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) operates on
a radio frequency and complies with Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Vehicles with TPMS operate on a radio frequency and
comply with RSS-210 of Industry and Science Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Tire Pressure Monitor Operation
This vehicle may have a Tire Pressure Monitor System
(TPMS). The TPMS is designed to warn the driver when
a low tire pressure condition exists. TPMS sensors are
mounted onto each tire and wheel assembly, excluding
the spare tire and wheel assembly. The TPMS sensors
monitor the air pressure in the vehicle’s tires and
transmits the tire pressure readings to a receiver located
in the vehicle.
When a low tire pressure
condition is detected, the
TPMS illuminates the low
tire pressure warning light
located on the instrument
panel cluster.
At the same time a message to check the pressure in a
specific tire appears on the Driver Information Center
(DIC) display. The low tire pressure warning light and the
DIC warning message come on at each ignition cycle
until the tires are inflated to the correct inflation pressure.
5-61
Using the DIC, tire pressure levels can be viewed by the
driver. For additional information and details about the
DIC operation and displays see DIC Operation and
Displays on page 3-68 and DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 3-73.
The low tire pressure warning light may come on in cool
weather when the vehicle is first started, and then
turn off as you start to drive. This could be an early
indicator that the air pressure in the tire(s) are getting
low and need to be inflated to the proper pressure.
A Tire and Loading Information label, attached to your
vehicle, shows the size of your vehicle’s original
equipment tires and the correct inflation pressure for
your vehicle’s tires when they are cold. See Loading the
Vehicle on page 4-19, for an example of the Tire and
Loading Information label and its location on your
vehicle. Also see Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-57.
Your vehicle’s TPMS can warn you about a low tire
pressure condition but it does not replace normal tire
maintenance. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-65 and Tires on page 5-48.
Notice: Liquid tire sealants could damage the Tire
Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) sensors. Sensor
damage caused by using a tire sealant is not covered
by your warranty. Do not use liquid tire sealants.
5-62
TPMS Malfunction Light and Message
The TPMS will not function properly if one or more of the
TPMS sensors are missing or inoperable. When the
system detects a malfunction, the low tire warning light
flashes for about one minute and then stays on for the
remainder of the ignition cycle. A DIC warning message
is also displayed. The low tire warning light and DIC
warning message come on at each ignition cycle until the
problem is corrected. Some of the conditions that can
cause the malfunction light and DIC message to come
on are:
• One of the road tires has been replaced with the
spare tire. The spare tire does not have a TPMS
sensor. The TPMS malfunction light and DIC
message should go off once you re-install the road
tire containing the TPMS sensor.
• The TPMS sensor matching process was started but
not completed or not completed successfully after
rotating the vehicle’s tires. The DIC message and
TPMS malfunction light should go off once the TPMS
sensor matching process is performed successfully.
See “TPMS Sensor Matching Process” later in this
section.
• One or more TPMS sensors are missing or
damaged. The DIC message and the TPMS
malfunction light should go off when the TPMS
sensors are installed and the sensor matching
process is performed successfully. See your dealer/
retailer for service.
• Replacement tires or wheels do not match your
vehicle’s original equipment tires or wheels. Tires
and wheels other than those recommended for your
vehicle could prevent the TPMS from functioning
properly. See Buying New Tires on page 5-68.
• Operating electronic devices or being near facilities
using radio wave frequencies similar to the TPMS
could cause the TPMS sensors to malfunction.
If the TPMS is not functioning it cannot detect or signal a
low tire condition. See your dealer/retailer for service if
the TPMS malfunction light and DIC message comes on
and stays on.
TPMS Sensor Matching Process
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification code. Any
time you rotate your vehicle’s tires or replace one or more
of the TPMS sensors, the identification codes will need to
be matched to the new tire/wheel position. The sensors
are matched to the tire/wheel positions in the following
order: driver side front tire, passenger side front tire,
passenger side rear tire, and driver side rear tire using
a TPMS diagnostic tool. See your dealer/retailer for
service.
The TPMS sensors can also be matched to each tire/
wheel position by increasing or decreasing the tire’s air
pressure. If increasing the tire’s air pressure, do not
exceed the maximum inflation pressure indicated on the
tire’s sidewall.
To decrease air-pressure out of a tire you can use the
pointed end of the valve cap, a pencil-style air pressure
gage, or a key.
5-63
You have two minutes to match the first tire/wheel
position, and five minutes overall to match all four
tire/wheel positions. If it takes longer than two minutes, to
match the first tire and wheel, or more than five minutes
to match all four tire and wheel positions the matching
process stops and you need to start over.
The TPMS sensor matching process is outlined below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to ON/RUN with the
engine off.
3. Press the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter’s
lock and unlock buttons at the same time for
approximately five seconds. The horn sounds twice
to signal the receiver is in relearn mode and TIRE
LEARNING ACTIVE message displays on the DIC
screen.
4. Start with the driver side front tire.
5. Remove the valve cap from the valve cap stem.
Activate the TPMS sensor by increasing or
decreasing the tire’s air pressure for five seconds,
or until a horn chirp sounds. The horn chirp,
5-64
which may take up to 30 seconds to sound,
confirms that the sensor identification code has
been matched to this tire and wheel position.
6. Proceed to the passenger side front tire, and repeat
the procedure in Step 5.
7. Proceed to the passenger side rear tire, and repeat
the procedure in Step 5.
8. Proceed to the driver side rear tire, and repeat the
procedure in Step 5. The horn sounds two times to
indicate the sensor identification code has been
matched to the driver side rear tire, and the TPMS
sensor matching process is no longer active.
The TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE message on the DIC
display screen goes off.
9. Turn the ignition switch to LOCK/OFF.
10. Set all four tires to the recommended air pressure
level as indicated on the Tire and Loading
Information label.
11. Put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
We recommend that you regularly inspect your
vehicle’s tires, including the spare tire, for signs of
wear or damage. See When It Is Time for New
Tires on page 5-67 for more information.
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km). See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4.
The purpose of a regular tire rotation is to achieve
a uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. This
will ensure that your vehicle continues to perform
most like it did when the tires were new.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires
as soon as possible and check wheel alignment.
Also check for damaged tires or wheels. See When
It Is Time for New Tires on page 5-67 and Wheel
Replacement on page 5-71 for more information.
Four-Tire Rotation Pattern
If your vehicle has a compact spare tire, it should
not be included in the tire rotation process. Use the
four-tire rotation pattern shown.
5-65
Vehicles that have the Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) will need to have the sensors
reset after a tire rotation is performed. See
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-60.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 5-103.
{ CAUTION:
Five-Tire Rotation Pattern
A five-tire rotation pattern may be used for your
professional vehicle, if it has a full-size spare tire
and wheel assembly that matches the original
equipment tires and wheels in size, type and brand.
The correct five-tire rotation pattern is shown.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front
and rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Tire and Loading Information label. See Loading
the Vehicle on page 4-19.
5-66
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a
cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be sure
to use a scraper or wire brush later, if
needed, to get all the rust or dirt off. See
Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-74.
When It Is Time for New Tires
Various factors, such as maintenance, temperatures,
driving speeds, vehicle loading, and road conditions
influence when you need new tires.
One way to tell when it is
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
You need new tires if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut, or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage that
cannot be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
The rubber in tires degrades over time, even if they are
not being used. This is also true for the spare tire, if your
vehicle has one. Multiple conditions affect how fast this
aging takes place, including temperatures, loading
conditions, and inflation pressure maintenance. With
proper care and maintenance tires will typically wear out
before they degrade due to age. If you are unsure about
the need to replace your tires as they get older, consult
the tire manufacturer for more information.
5-67
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched specific tires for your
vehicle. The original equipment tires installed on your
vehicle, when it was new, were designed to meet General
Motors Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC
Spec) system rating. If you need replacement tires,
GM strongly recommends that you get tires with the
same TPC Spec rating. This way, your vehicle will
continue to have tires that are designed to give the
same performance and vehicle safety, during normal
use, as the original tires.
GM’s exclusive TPC Spec system considers over a
dozen critical specifications that impact the overall
performance of your vehicle, including brake system
performance, ride and handling, traction control, and tire
pressure monitoring performance. GM’s TPC Spec
number is molded onto the tire’s sidewall near the tire
size. If the tires have an all-season tread design, the TPC
Spec number will be followed by an MS for mud and
snow. See Tire Sidewall Labeling on page 5-49 for
additional information.
GM recommends replacing tires in sets of four. This is
because uniform tread depth on all tires will help keep
your vehicle performing most like it did when the tires
were new. Replacing less than a full set of tires can affect
the braking and handling performance of your vehicle.
See Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 5-65 for
information on proper tire rotation.
5-68
{ CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control of
your vehicle while driving. If you mix tires of
different sizes, brands, or types (radial and
bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not handle
properly, and you could have a crash. Using tires
of different sizes, brands, or types may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the correct
size, brand, and type of tires on all wheels.
Your vehicle may have a compact spare tire and
wheel assembly. If the vehicle has a compact
spare tire and wheel, they have the same overall
diameter as your vehicle’s full-size tires and
wheels. Because they were designed and
developed for use on your vehicle, it is all right to
drive your vehicle with the compact spare installed
properly. Compact spare tires are designed for
temporary use only. See Spare Tire on page 5-85.
Different Size Tires and Wheels
{ CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on the vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on the vehicle.
If you must replace your vehicle’s tires with those that do
not have a TPC Spec number, make sure they are the
same size, load range, speed rating, and construction
type (radial and bias-belted tires) as your vehicle’s
original tires.
Vehicles that have a tire pressure monitoring system
could give an inaccurate low-pressure warning if
non-TPC Spec rated tires are installed on your vehicle.
Non-TPC Spec rated tires may give a low-pressure
warning that is higher or lower than the proper warning
level you would get with TPC Spec rated tires. See
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 5-60.
Your vehicle’s original equipment tires are listed on the
Tire and Loading Information Label. See Loading the
Vehicle on page 4-19, for more information about the Tire
and Loading Information Label and its location on your
vehicle.
If you add wheels or tires that are a different size than
your original equipment wheels and tires, this may affect
the way your vehicle performs, including its braking, ride
and handling characteristics, stability, and resistance
to rollover. Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic
systems such as, antilock brakes, traction control, and
electronic stability control, the performance of these
systems can be affected.
{ CAUTION:
If you add different sized wheels, your vehicle may
not provide an acceptable level of performance and
safety if tires not recommended for those wheels
are selected. You may increase the chance that you
will crash and suffer serious injury. Only use GM
specific wheel and tire systems developed for your
vehicle, and have them properly installed by a GM
certified technician.
See Buying New Tires on page 5-68 and Accessories
and Modifications on page 5-3 for additional information.
5-69
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on
the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based
on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government
test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would
wear one and a half (1.5) times as well on the
government course as a tire graded 100. The
relative performance of tires depends upon the
actual conditions of their use, however, and may
depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices, and differences
in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA
Temperature A
The following information relates to the
system developed by the United States National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
which grades tires by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States. The grades are
molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car
tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver, or temporary use spare
tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of
10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors
passenger cars and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they must also conform
to federal safety requirements and additional
General Motors Tire Performance Criteria (TPC)
standards.
5-70
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are
AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under
controlled conditions on specified government test
surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B,
and C, representing the tire’s resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The
grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109.
Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law. It should be noted that
the temperature grade for this tire is established for
a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded.
Excessive speed, underinflation, or excessive
loading, either separately or in combination, can
cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were aligned and
balanced carefully at the factory to give you the longest
tire life and best overall performance. Adjustments to
wheel alignment and tire balancing will not be necessary
on a regular basis. However, if you notice unusual tire
wear or your vehicle pulling to one side or the other, the
alignment might need to be checked. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, the tires
and wheels might need to be rebalanced. See your
dealer/retailer for proper diagnosis.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it. Some aluminum wheels can
sometimes be repaired. See your GM dealer/retailer if
any of these conditions exist.
5-71
Your GM dealer/retailer will know the kind of wheel
you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts,
wheel nuts, or Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
sensors, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts, wheel nuts, and TPMS sensors
for your vehicle.
{ CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts,
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
CAUTION:
5-72
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use the
correct wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for
replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance, and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
If your vehicle is a professional model, the wheels have
a unique offset and bolt hole diameter. Each of the
wheels on the professional vehicle have eight wheels
nuts. The wheels on the non-professional vehicle
have five wheel nuts. See Changing a Flat Tire on
page 5-74 for more information.
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
{ CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on the vehicle is dangerous.
You cannot know how it has been used or how far
it has been driven. It could fail suddenly and
cause a crash. If you have to replace a wheel, use
a new GM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
{ CAUTION:
(Continued)
damage to the brakes, suspension or other vehicle
parts. The area damaged by the tire chains could
cause you to lose control of the vehicle and you or
others may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if its
manufacturer recommends it for use on the
vehicle and tire size combination and road
conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s instructions.
To help avoid damage to the vehicle, drive slowly,
readjust or remove the device if it is contacting the
vehicle, and do not spin the vehicle’s wheels. If
you do find traction devices that will fit, install
them on the front tires.
Do not use tire chains. There is not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle without
the proper amount of clearance can cause
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-73
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are driving,
especially if you maintain your vehicle’s tires properly.
If air goes out of a tire, it is much more likely to leak out
slowly. But if you should ever have a blowout, here
are a few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire creates a drag that pulls
the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you would use
in a skid. In any rear blowout remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{ CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without the
appropriate safety equipment and training. If a jack
is provided with the vehicle, it is designed only for
changing a flat tire. If it is used for anything else,
you or others could be badly injured or killed if the
vehicle slips off the jack. If a jack is provided with
the vehicle, only use it for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use the
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on the hazard
warning flashers. See Hazard Warning Flashers on
page 3-6.
5-74
{ CAUTION:
When the vehicle has a flat tire (B), use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks (A).
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over or fall on you or
other people. You and they could be badly injured
or even killed. Find a level place to change your
tire. To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in P (Park).
3. Turn off the engine and do not restart while
the vehicle is raised.
4. Do not allow passengers to remain in the
vehicle.
To be even more certain the vehicle will not move,
you should put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire, on the other side, at the
opposite end of the vehicle.
A. Wheel Block
B. Flat Tire
The following information explains how to use the jack
and change a tire.
5-75
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment needed is in the trunk. To access
the equipment:
1. Open the trunk. See Trunk on page 2-13 for more
information.
2. Press the area at the
front of the handle
located on the cover
so that the back edge
raises.
4. Turn the wing nut to remove the retainer that holds
the wrench and jack.
3. Grab the handle and
remove the cover.
5-76
5. Remove the wheel wrench, jack and spare tire from
the trunk. See Spare Tire on page 5-85 for more
information.
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
1. Do a safety check before proceeding. See Changing
a Flat Tire on page 5-74 for more information.
The tools to be used are the jack (A) and the wheel
wrench (B).
2. For models having aluminum wheels with a center
wheel cover, use the flat end of the wheel wrench to
gently pry the wheel covers off. Store the wheel
cover and lug nut caps in the trunk until you have the
flat tire repaired or replaced. Be careful not to scratch
the aluminum wheel edge and do not try to remove it
with your hands. Then loosen the wheel nuts with the
wheel wrench. Do not remove them yet.
5-77
3. For models with exposed lug nuts, loosen them using
the wheel wrench. Do not remove them yet.
5-78
4. Find the jacking location from the diagram above
and use the corresponding cutouts located in the
plastic molding.
The front location is (A) 8.5 inches (21 cm) from the
rear edge of the front wheel well, and the rear
location (B) is 3.5 inches (8.5 cm) from the front
edge of the rear wheel well.
The notches may also be labeled JACK with an
arrow pointing to the jacking location on the vehicle.
{ CAUTION:
5. Turn the jack handle counterclockwise to lower the
jack lift head until the jack fits under the vehicle.
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under a
vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
{ CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury and
vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head into
the proper location before raising the vehicle.
6. Raise the jack until the metal flange fits firmly into
the channel of the jack head.
7. Put the spare tire near you.
Notice: If you position the jack under the rocker
molding and attempt to raise the vehicle, you could
break the molding and/or cause other damage to your
vehicle. Always position the jack so that when the
jack head is raised, it will fit firmly in the notch
located inboard from the rocker molding.
5-79
9. Remove all wheel nuts and the flat tire.
10. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces, and
spare wheel.
8. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground for the spare tire to fit under the vehicle.
5-80
{ CAUTION:
{ CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which it
is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When changing a wheel, remove any
rust or dirt from places where the wheel attaches
to the vehicle. In an emergency, use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to get all the
rust or dirt off. See Changing a Flat Tire on
page 5-74.
Never use oil or grease on bolts or nuts because
the nuts might come loose. The vehicle’s wheel
could fall off, causing a crash.
12. Put the wheel nuts back
on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward
the wheel. Tighten each
nut by hand until the
wheel is held against
the hub.
11. Place the spare tire on the wheel-mounting surface.
5-81
{ CAUTION:
Wheel nuts that are improperly or incorrectly
tightened can cause the wheels to become loose
or come off. The wheel nuts should be tightened
with a torque wrench to the proper torque
specification after replacing. Follow the torque
specification supplied by the aftermarket
manufacturer when using accessory locking wheel
nuts. See Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-103 for original equipment wheel nut
torque specifications.
13. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-82
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper torque
specification. See Capacities and Specifications on
page 5-103 for the wheel nut torque specification.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and
Tools
{ CAUTION:
5-Wheel Nuts
8-Wheel Nuts
14. Tighten the wheel nuts firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
If your vehicle is equipped with wheel nut covers,
screw the nut covers on with your fingers, then
tighten one-quarter turn with the wheel wrench.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your vehicle’s
compact spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on the
compact spare, the cover or the spare could be
damaged.
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these in
the proper place.
After you have put the spare tire on your vehicle, store
the flat tire in your trunk.
Store the flat tire as far forward in the trunk as possible.
Store the jack and wheel wrench in their compartment
in the trunk. For storage, the jack must be raised
until the screw end is flush with the edge of the jack.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon
as you can.
5-83
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Cover
Wing Nut
Retainer
Jack and Wheel Wrench
Jack Container
Spare Tire
Bolt
1. Open the trunk. See Trunk on page 2-13.
2. Reinstall the spare tire (F), face down, making sure
to line up the wheel center hole with the bolt (G)
and place it on the compartment floor.
3. Insert the jack container (E) into the spare tire (F).
Then insert the jack and wheel wrench (D) into the
center of the spare tire making sure to line up
the wheel nut hole with the bolt (G) on the
compartment floor.
4. Secure the spare tire and the jack container with
the retainer (C) and then the wing nut (B).
5. Reinstall the spare tire cover (A).
5-84
Spare Tire
Compact Spare Tire
Your vehicle may have a compact spare tire. Although
the compact spare tire was fully inflated when the vehicle
was new, it can lose air after a time. Check the inflation
pressure regularly. It should be 60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on the vehicle, stop as
soon as possible and make sure the spare tire is correctly
inflated. The compact spare is made to perform well at
speeds up to 65 mph (105 km/h) for distances up to
3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can finish your trip and
have the full-size tire repaired or replaced at your
convenience. Of course, it is best to replace the spare
with a full-size tire as soon as possible. The spare tire
will last longer and be in good shape in case it is
needed again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, do not
take the vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on the
rails which can damage the tire, wheel and other
parts of the vehicle.
Notice: Tire chains will not fit the compact spare.
Using them can damage the vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Do not use tire chains on the compact
spare.
Spare Tire
Your vehicle may have a spare tire, which, when new,
was fully inflated. A spare tire may lose air over time, so
check its inflation pressure regularly. See Inflation Tire Pressure on page 5-57 and Loading the Vehicle on
page 4-19 for information regarding proper tire inflation
and loading your vehicle. For instructions on how to
remove, install or store a spare tire, see Removing the
Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire on page 5-77.
After installing the spare tire on your vehicle, you should
stop as soon as possible and make sure the spare is
correctly inflated. Have the damaged or flat road
tire repaired or replaced as soon as you can and
installed back onto your vehicle. This way, a spare tire
will be available in case you need it again.
Do not use the compact spare on other vehicles.
Your vehicle may have a different size spare tire than
the road tire originally installed on your vehicle.
This spare tire was developed for use on your vehicle,
so it is all right to drive on it.
And do not mix the compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They will not fit. Keep the
spare tire and its wheel together.
If your vehicle has a spare tire that does not match your
vehicle’s original road tires and wheels in size and type,
do not include the spare in the tire rotation.
5-85
Appearance Care
Interior Cleaning
The vehicle’s interior will continue to look its best if it is
cleaned often. Although not always visible, dust and
dirt can accumulate on the upholstery. Dirt can damage
carpet, fabric, leather, and plastic surfaces. Regular
vacuuming is recommended to remove particles from the
upholstery. It is important to keep the upholstery from
becoming and remaining heavily soiled. Soils should be
removed as quickly as possible. The vehicle’s interior
may experience extremes of heat that could cause
stains to set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require more frequent
cleaning. Use care because newspapers and garments
that transfer color to home furnishings may also
transfer color to the vehicle’s interior.
When cleaning the vehicle’s interior, only use cleaners
specifically designed for the surfaces being cleaned.
Permanent damage may result from using cleaners on
surfaces for which they were not intended. Use glass
cleaner only on glass. Remove any accidental over-spray
from other surfaces immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the cleaning cloth.
5-86
Notice: Using abrasive cleaners when cleaning
glass surfaces on the vehicle, could scratch the glass
and/or cause damage to the rear window defogger.
When cleaning the glass on the vehicle, use only a
soft cloth and glass cleaner.
Many cleaners contain solvents that may become
concentrated in the vehicle’s breathing space. Before
using cleaners, read and adhere to all safety instructions
on the label. While cleaning the vehicle’s interior,
maintain adequate ventilation by opening the vehicle’s
doors and windows.
Dust may be removed from small buttons and knobs
using a small brush with soft bristles.
Products that remove odors from the vehicle’s upholstery
and clean the vehicle’s glass can be obtained from your
dealer/retailer.
Do not clean the vehicle using:
• A knife or any other sharp object to remove a soil
from any interior surface.
• A stiff brush. It can cause damage to the vehicle’s
interior surfaces.
• Heavy pressure or aggressive rubbing with a
cleaning cloth. Use of heavy pressure can damage
the interior and does not improve the effectiveness
of soil removal.
• Laundry detergents or dishwashing soaps with
To clean:
degreasers can leave residue that streaks and
attracts dirt. For liquid cleaners, about 20 drops
per gallon (3.78 L) of water is a good guide.
Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps.
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white cloth with water or
club soda.
• Too much cleaner that saturates the upholstery.
• Organic solvents such as naptha, alcohol, etc. that
3. Start on the outside edge of the soil and gently rub
toward the center. Continue cleaning, using a clean
area of the cloth each time it becomes soiled.
can damage the vehicle’s interior.
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush attachment
frequently to remove dust and loose dirt. A canister
vacuum with a beater bar in the nozzle may only be used
on floor carpet and carpeted floor mats. For any soil,
always try to remove it first with plain water or club soda.
Before cleaning, gently remove as much of the soil as
possible using one of the following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the remaining soil with a paper
towel. Allow the soil to absorb into the paper towel
until no more can be removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as much as possible and
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess moisture.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled area until the
cleaning cloth remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely removed, use a mild
soap solution and repeat the cleaning process
that was used with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a commercial fabric cleaner
or spot lifter may be necessary. When a commercial
upholstery cleaner or spot lifter is to be used, test a small
hidden area for colorfastness first. If the locally cleaned
area gives any impression that a ring formation may
result, clean the entire surface.
After the cleaning process has been completed, a paper
towel can be used to blot excess moisture from the
fabric or carpet.
then vacuum.
5-87
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water can be used to remove
dust. If a more thorough cleaning is necessary, a soft
cloth dampened with a mild soap solution can be used.
Allow the leather to dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
Never use steam to clean leather. Never use spot lifters
or spot removers on leather. Many commercial leather
cleaners and coatings that are sold to preserve and
protect leather may permanently change the appearance
and feel of the leather and are not recommended. Do not
use silicone or wax-based products, or those containing
organic solvents to clean the vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing the gloss in a
non-uniform manner. Never use shoe polish on leather.
TEHAMA™ Leather
The leather surface on the seat was not designed to be
aggressively cleaned using any commercial product. Use
a well wrung cloth dampened with water to remove dust.
Do not use a wet cloth or saturate the leather surface with
water. Allow the leather to dry naturally. If a soil occurs
that cannot be completely removed, allow it to become
part of the natural markings of the leather. The leather in
the vehicle was designed to have a natural appearance
and develop a more vintage appearance with use.
5-88
Do not use heat to dry. Never use steam to clean
leather. Never use spot lifters or spot removers on
leather. It is very important to not use any commercial
leather cleaners or coatings that are sold to preserve
and protect leather. Not only are those products not
necessary, they will permanently and adversely change
the appearance and feel of the leather. Never use
silicone or wax-based products, or those containing
organic solvents to clean the vehicle’s interior. Never use
shoe polish on leather.
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to remove
dust. If a more thorough cleaning is necessary, a clean
soft cloth dampened with a mild soap solution can be
used to gently remove dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters
or removers on plastic surfaces. Many commercial
cleaners and coatings that are sold to preserve and
protect soft plastic surfaces may permanently change
the appearance and feel of the interior and are not
recommended. Do not use silicone or wax-based
products, or those containing organic solvents to clean
the vehicle’s interior because they can alter the
appearance by increasing the gloss in a non-uniform
manner.
Some commercial products may increase gloss on
the instrument panel. The increase in gloss may cause
annoying reflections in the windshield and even make
it difficult to see through the windshield under certain
conditions.
Wood Panels
Use a clean cloth moistened in warm, soapy water (use
mild dish washing soap). Dry the wood immediately
with a clean cloth.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{ CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. It may severely
weaken them. In a crash, they might not be able
to provide adequate protection. Clean safety belts
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Speaker Covers
Vacuum around a speaker cover gently, so that the
speaker will not be damaged. Clean spots with
just water and mild soap.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth. During very cold,
damp weather frequent application may be required. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
5-89
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to keep
it clean by washing it often.
Notice: Certain cleaners contain chemicals that can
damage the emblems or nameplates on the vehicle.
Check the cleaning product label. If it states that
it should not be used on plastic parts, do not use it
on the vehicle or damage may occur and it would
not be covered by the warranty.
Do not wash the vehicle in direct sunlight. Use a car
washing soap. Do not use cleaning agents that are
petroleum based or that contain acid or abrasives, as
they can damage the paint, metal or plastic on the
vehicle. Approved cleaning products can be obtained
from your dealer/retailer. Follow all manufacturers’
directions regarding correct product usage, necessary
safety precautions and appropriate disposal of any
vehicle care product.
Rinse the vehicle well, before washing and after to
remove all cleaning agents completely. If they are
allowed to dry on the surface, they could stain.
Dry the finish with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton
towel to avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
5-90
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
the vehicle. Avoid using high pressure washes closer
than 12 inches (30 cm) to the surface of the vehicle. Use
of power washers exceeding 1,200 psi (8 274 kPa) can
result in damage or removal of paint and decals.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under Washing Your Vehicle on page 5-90.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of the vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. Approved cleaning products can be obtained from
your dealer/retailer.
If the vehicle has a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish, the
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish
may damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish on the vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage the vehicle’s finish if they remain on
painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible.
If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. To help keep the paint finish looking new, keep
the vehicle garaged or covered whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to keep
their luster. Washing with water is all that is usually
needed. However, chrome polish may be used on
chrome or stainless steel trim, if necessary.
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Clean the outside of the windshield with glass cleaner.
Clean the rubber blades using a lint free cloth or paper
towel soaked with windshield washer fluid or a mild
detergent. Wash the windshield thoroughly when
cleaning the blades. Bugs, road grime, sap, and a
buildup of vehicle wash/wax treatments may cause wiper
streaking. Replace the wiper blades if they are worn or
damaged.
Wipers can be damaged by:
•
•
•
•
Extreme dusty conditions
Sand and salt
Heat and sun
Snow and ice, without proper removal
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid damaging
protective trim, never use auto or chrome polish, steam or
caustic soap to clean aluminum. A coating of wax, rubbed
to high polish, is recommended for all bright metal parts.
5-91
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
and Trim
The vehicle may have either aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with mild
soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After rinsing
thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax may then
be applied.
Notice: Chrome wheels and other chrome trim may
be damaged if the vehicle is not washed after driving
on roads that have been sprayed with magnesium,
calcium or sodium chloride. These chlorides are
used on roads for conditions such as ice and dust.
Always wash the vehicle’s chrome with soap and
water after exposure.
Notice: Using strong soaps, chemicals, abrasive
polishes, cleaners, brushes, or cleaners that contain
acid on aluminum or chrome-plated wheels, could
damage the surface of the wheel(s). The repairs
would not be covered by the vehicle warranty.
Use only approved cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
5-92
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of the vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because they could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum wheels
could damage the wheels. The repairs would not
be covered by the vehicle warranty. Use chrome
polish on chrome wheels only.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Notice: Driving the vehicle through an automatic
car wash that has silicone carbide tire cleaning
brushes, could damage the aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty. Never drive
a vehicle that has aluminum or chrome-plated
wheels through an automatic car wash that uses
silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes.
Tires
Underbody Maintenance
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are
not removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan,
and exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on the vehicle may damage the paint finish
and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing, always
wipe off any overspray from all painted surfaces
on the vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the vehicle
warranty.
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer/retailer. Larger
areas of finish damage can be corrected in your
dealer’s/retailer’s body and paint shop.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of the
frame should be loosened before being flushed. Your
dealer/retailer or an underbody car washing system can
do this.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on the vehicle. This damage can
take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations, and
small, irregular dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, we will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
5-93
Vehicle Identification
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
This label is on the spare tire cover. It is very helpful if
parts need to be ordered. The label has the following
information:
•
•
•
•
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Model designation
Paint information
Production options and special equipment
Do not remove this label from the vehicle.
This is the legal identifier for the vehicle. It appears on a
plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver side. It can be seen through the windshield from
outside the vehicle. The VIN also appears on the Vehicle
Certification and Service Parts labels and the certificates
of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in the VIN is the engine code. This
code helps identify the vehicle’s engine, specifications,
and replacement parts. See “Engine Specifications”
under Capacities and Specifications on page 5-103 for
the vehicle’s engine code.
5-94
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Do not add anything electrical to the vehicle
unless you check with your dealer/retailer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage the vehicle and
the damage would not be covered by the vehicle’s
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they should.
Add-on equipment can drain the vehicle battery, even if
the vehicle is not operating.
The vehicle has an airbag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to the vehicle, see Servicing
Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-68.
Headlamp Wiring
The headlamp wiring system has four individual fuses. An
electrical overload will cause the lamps to go on and off,
or in some cases to remain off. If this happens, have the
headlamp wiring checked right away.
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker. If the wiper motor overheats due to
heavy snow, the wipers will stop until the motor cools
and will then restart.
A fuse powers the wiper motor. If the fuse blows, there
is an electrical problem. Be sure to have it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse block protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the
current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and
closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or
goes away.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in the vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses and circuit
breakers. This greatly reduces the chance of fires
caused by electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick some feature of the vehicle that you
can get along without — like the radio or cigarette
lighter — and use its fuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
Underhood Fuse Block
The underhood fuse block is located on the passenger
side of the engine compartment. Remove the fuse cover
and secondary service cover to access the fuse block.
Notice: Spilling liquid on any electrical components
on the vehicle may damage it. Always keep the
covers on any electrical component.
5-95
Fuses
1
2
5-96
Usage
Engine Control Module (ECM),
Crank
Fuel Injectors Odd
Fuses
3
4
5
Usage
Fuel Injectors Even
Air Conditioning Clutch
Air Injection Reactor (AIR) Solenoid
Fuses
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Usage
Oxygen Sensor
Emission Device
Transmission, Ignition 1
Engine Control Module (ECM),
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
Climate Control System, Instrument
Panel Cluster Ignition 1
Airbag System
Horn
Windshield Wiper
Fog Lamps
Right High-Beam Headlamp
Left High-Beam Headlamp
Left Low-Beam Headlamp
Right Low-Beam Headlamp
Windshield Washer Pump Motor
Left Front Cornering Lamp
Right Front Cornering Lamp
Air Pump (J-Case)
Fuses
26
27
28
Usage
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
(J-Case)
Starter (J-Case)
Antilock Brake System (ABS) Motor
(J-Case)
Cooling Fan 2 (J-Case)
Cooling Fan 1 (J-Case)
Windshield Washer Heater (J-Case)
Relays
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
Usage
Powertrain
Starter
Cooling Fan 2
Cooling Fan 3
Cooling Fan 1
Air Conditioning Clutch
Air Injection Reactor (AIR) Solenoid
Ignition
Air Pump
23
24
25
5-97
Rear Underseat Fuse Block
The rear fuse block is located under the rear seat on
the driver side. The rear seat cushion must be removed
to access the rear fuse block.
Removing the Rear Seat Cushion
Notice: If you touch the exposed wires with the
metal on the seat cushion, you could cause a short
that could damage the battery and or wires. Avoid
contact between the rear seat and the fuse
center whenever you remove or reinstall the rear
seat. Do not remove covers from any of the covered
parts, and do not store anything under the seats.
To remove the rear seat cushion, do the following:
1. Pull up on the front of the cushion to release the
front hooks.
2. Pull the cushion up and out toward the front of the
vehicle.
5-98
To access the fuse block, pull out and lift up on the
cover latch, located at the end of the fuse block, near
the battery cable.
To reinstall the rear seat cushion, do the following:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
not been routed through the seat cushion at all, it
will not be there to work for the next passenger.
The person sitting in that position could be badly
injured. After reinstalling the seat cushion, always
check to be sure that the safety belts are properly
routed and are not twisted.
1. Buckle the center passenger position safety belt,
then route the safety belts through the proper slots
in the seat cushion. Do not let the safety belts
get twisted.
2. Slide the rear of the cushion up and under the
seatback so the rear-locating guides hook into
the wire loops on the back frame.
{ CAUTION:
3. With the seat cushion lowered, push rearward and
then press down on the seat cushion until the
spring locks on both ends engage.
A safety belt that is not properly routed through
the seat cushion or is twisted will not provide the
protection needed in a crash. If the safety belt has
4. Check to make sure the safety belts are properly
routed and that no portion of any safety belt is
trapped under the seat. Also make sure the seat
cushion is secured.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-99
Fuses
1
2
3
5-100
Usage
Fuel Pump
Left Park Lamp
Run 3 - Rear Blower
Fuses
4
5
Usage
Right Park Lamp
Engine Control Module (ECM)/
Transmission Control Module (TCM)
Fuses
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Usage
Memory Module
Right Park Lamp (optional)
Steering Wheel Illumination
Front Heated/Cooled Seat Module
Run 2 - Heated/Cooled Seats,
Heated Washer Fluid
Rear Heated Seat Module
RPA Module
PASS-Key® III System
Unlock/Lock Module
Magnetic Ride Control
Not Used
Sunroof
Body Control Module (BCM) Dim
Body Control Module (BCM)
Run 1-Heated Steering Wheel
Ignition Switch
Driver Door Module
Rear Lumbar
Electronic Leveling Control Module
Fuses
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
Usage
Body Control Module (Left Turn
Signal)
Cigarette Lighter, Auxiliary Power
Outlet
Navigation (Optional)
Retained Accessory Power 1 (RAP)
Passenger Door Module
Sensing and Diagnostic Module
Accessory Power Outlets
Body Control Module (BCM)
(Inadvertent)
Retained Accessory Power 2 (RAP)
Canister Vent Solenoid
Body Control Module (Courtesy)
Body Control Module (Right Turn
Signal)
Trunk Release
Amplifier, Radio
Body Control Module (CHMSL)
Body Control Module
Stoplamp (optional)
5-101
Fuses
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
Resistor
50
Relays
51
52
53
58
5-102
Usage
OnStar® Module
Body Modules
Radio
Door Unlatch (optional)
Rear Defogger (J-Case)
Electronic Leveling Control
Compressor (J-Case)
Blower (J-Case) (optional)
Blower (J-Case) (optional)
Usage
Terminating Resistor
Usage
Front Blower (optional)
Rear Defogger
Electronic Leveling Control
Compressor
Park Lamps
Relays
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
Circuit
Breakers
54
55
56
57
Usage
Fuel Pump
License Plate Lamp (optional)
Right Park Lamp (optional)
Unlock
Lock
Run
Not Used
Door Unlatch (optional)
Trunk Release
Stoplamp (optional)
Overhead Lamps (optional)
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Usage
Right Front Seat
Left Front Power Seat
Power Windows
Power Tilt Steering Wheel
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 6-11 for more information.
Capacities
Application
English
Metric
For the air conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
under the hood. See your dealer/retailer for more
information.
Air Conditioning Refrigerant
Cooling System
12.6 qt
Engine Oil with Filter
Fuel Tank
Transmission
Wheel Nut Torque
12.0 L
7.5 qt
7.1 L
18.5 gal
70.0 L
7.4 qt
7.0 L
100 lb ft
140 Y
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to fill to the approximate level as recommended in this
manual. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Engine Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
4.6L DOHC V8 Engine
Y
Automatic
0.050 in (1.27 mm)
4.6L DOHC V8 Engine
9
Automatic
0.050 in (1.27 mm)
5-103
✍ NOTES
5-104
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using the Maintenance Schedule ......................6-2
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-5
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-8
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-8
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-9
At Least Once a Year .....................................6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-11
Maintenance Replacement Parts .....................6-13
Engine Drive Belt Routing ..............................6-14
Maintenance Record .....................................6-15
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
the vehicle in good working condition, but also helps
the environment. All recommended maintenance
is important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper
fluid levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the
level of emissions from the vehicle. To help protect
the environment, and to keep the vehicle in good
condition, be sure to maintain the vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements the vehicle warranties. See the Warranty
and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer/retailer
for details.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts, and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are
necessary to keep this vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance might not be covered by the
vehicle warranty.
6-2
We want to help keep this vehicle in good working
condition. But we do not know exactly how you will drive
it. You might drive very short distances only a few
times a week. Or you might drive long distances all the
time in very hot, dusty weather. You might use the
vehicle in making deliveries. Or you might drive
it to work, to do errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You might need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep the vehicle in good condition,
see your dealer/retailer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits on the Tire and Loading Information label.
See Loading the Vehicle on page 4-19.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-5.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-5 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{ CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can be
dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can be
seriously injured. Do your own maintenance work
only if you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job. If you have
any doubt, see your dealer/retailer to have a
qualified technician do the work. See Doing Your
Own Service Work on page 5-4.
Some maintenance services can be complex.
So, unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, have your dealer/retailer
do these jobs.
When you go to your dealer/retailer for service, trained
and supported service technicians will perform the
work using genuine parts.
To purchase service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-16.
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 tells what
should be checked, when to check it, and what
can easily be done to help keep the vehicle in good
condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids, and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-11 and Maintenance Replacement Parts
on page 6-13. When the vehicle is serviced, make sure
these are used. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of genuine
parts from your dealer/retailer.
6-3
Scheduled Maintenance
To maintain the ride, handling, and performance of
the vehicle, it is important that the first tire rotation
service be performed when the vehicle has 5,000 to
8,000 miles (8 000 to 13 000 km). Check tires for
inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 5-48.
Rotate tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-65 and “Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once
a Month on page 6-9.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
displays in the Driver Information Center (DIC), service
is required for the vehicle. Have the vehicle serviced
as soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if driving under the best
conditions, the engine oil life system may not indicate
that vehicle service is necessary for over a year.
However, the engine oil and filter must be changed at
least once a year and at this time the system must
be reset. Your dealer/retailer has trained service
technicians who will perform this work using genuine
parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
service the vehicle within 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
since the last service. Remember to reset the oil life
system whenever the oil is changed. See Engine Oil Life
System on page 5-16 for information on the Engine
Oil Life System and resetting the system.
6-4
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
appears, the following services, checks, and inspections
are required:
❑ Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on
page 5-13. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil Life
System on page 5-16. An Emission Control Service.
❑ Visually check for any leaks or damage.
See footnote (k).
❑ Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace
filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-17.
See footnote (m).
❑ Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear.
See Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 5-65 and
“Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once a Month on
page 6-9.
❑ Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
❑ Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid
levels and add fluid as needed.
❑ Perform any needed additional services.
See “Additional Required Services” in this section.
❑ Inspect suspension and steering components.
See footnote (b).
❑ Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
❑ Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
❑ Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
❑ Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
❑ Check transmission fluid level and add fluid
as needed.
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service after the indicated miles (kilometers)
shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or
leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Replace engine air cleaner filter.
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 5-17.
Replace passenger compartment
air filter. See footnote (g).
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter (severe service).
See footnote (h).
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (normal service).
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6-5
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
Replace spark plugs. An Emission
Control Service.
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (l).
6-6
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
•
Except Professional Vehicle: Engine
cooling system service (or every
five years, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (j).
Professional Vehicle Only: Engine
cooling system service (or every
five years, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (j).
100,000
(160 000)
•
•
•
•
Maintenance Footnotes
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect disc
brake pads for wear and rotors for surface condition.
Inspect other brake parts, including calipers, parking
brake, etc.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose, or missing parts or
signs of wear. Inspect power steering lines and hoses
for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen, or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace with genuine parts as
needed. To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test
of the cooling system and pressure cap and cleaning the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Inspect wiper blades for wear, cracking, or
contamination. Clean the windshield and wiper blades,
if contaminated. Replace wiper blades that are worn
or damaged. See Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
on page 5-46 and Windshield and Wiper Blades on
page 5-91 for more information.
If you see anything that might keep a safety belt system
from doing its job, have it repaired. Have any torn or
frayed safety belts replaced. Also see Checking the
Restraint Systems on page 1-70.
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders. Lubricate all hinges
and latches, including those for the hood, rear
compartment, glove box door, and console door.
More frequent lubrication may be required when exposed
to a corrosive environment. Applying silicone grease on
weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
(g) If driving regularly under dusty conditions, the filter
may require replacement more often.
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Professional vehicle uses, such as limousine
service.
− Uses such as high performance operation.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and safety
belt assemblies are working properly. Look for any
other loose or damaged safety belt system parts.
6-7
(j) Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This service
can be complex; you should have your dealer/retailer
perform this service. See Engine Coolant on page 5-23
for what to use. Inspect hoses. Clean radiator,
condenser, pressure cap, and filler neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
At Each Fuel Fill
(k) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired
and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
(l) Visually inspect belt for fraying, excessive cracks, or
obvious damage. Replace belt if necessary.
Notice: It is important to check the engine oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level. Failure to
keep the engine oil at the proper level can cause
damage to the engine not covered by the vehicle
warranty.
(m) If driving regularly under dusty conditions, inspect
the filter at each engine oil change.
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil
if necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure vehicle
safety, dependability, and emission control performance.
Your dealer/retailer can assist with these checks and
services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to the
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-11.
6-8
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine Coolant
on page 5-23.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer fluid reservoir and add the proper fluid if
necessary.
At Least Once a Month
At Least Once a Year
Tire Inflation Check
Starter Switch Check
Inspect the vehicle’s tires and make sure they are
inflated to the correct pressures. Do not forget to
check the spare tire. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 5-57. Check to make sure the spare tire is stored
securely. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-74.
Tire Wear Inspection
Tire rotation may be required for high mileage highway
drivers prior to the Engine Oil Life System service
notification. Check the tires for wear and, if necessary,
rotate the tires. See Tire Inspection and Rotation on
page 5-65.
{ CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the vehicle
could move suddenly. If the vehicle moves, you or
others could be injured.
1. Before starting this check, be sure there is enough
room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-32.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The vehicle
should start only in P (Park) or N (Neutral). If the
vehicle starts in any other position, contact your
dealer/retailer for service.
6-9
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
Control System Check
{ CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the vehicle
could move suddenly. If the vehicle moves, you or
others could be injured.
1. Before starting this check, be sure there is enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-32.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to ON/RUN,
but do not start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out
of P (Park) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of P (Park), contact your dealer/retailer
for service.
6-10
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition to LOCK/OFF in each shift lever position.
• The ignition should turn to LOCK/OFF only
when the shift lever is in P (Park).
• The ignition key should come out only in
LOCK/OFF.
Contact your dealer/retailer if service is required.
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission P (Park) Mechanism
Check
{ CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
begin to move. You or others could be injured and
property could be damaged. Make sure there is
room in front of the vehicle in case it begins to roll.
Be ready to apply the regular brake at once
should the vehicle begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and the transmission
in N (Neutral), slowly remove foot pressure from
the regular brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle
is held by the parking brake only.
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number, or specification can be obtained from your
dealer/retailer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine Oil
The engine requires a special
engine oil meeting GM Standard
GM4718M. Oils meeting this
standard can be identified as
synthetic, and should also be
identified with the American
Petroleum Institute (API) Certified
for Gasoline Engines starburst
symbol. However, not all synthetic
API oils with the starburst symbol
will meet this GM standard.
Look for and use only oil that meets
GM Standard GM4718M. For the
proper viscosity, see Engine Oil
on page 5-13.
• To check the P (Park) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to P (Park). Then
release the parking brake followed by the regular
brake.
Contact your dealer/retailer if service is required.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care
to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other
debris can collect.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant Coolant.
See Engine Coolant on
page 5-23.
6-11
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
3 Hydraulic Brake Fluid
Hydraulic Brake DOT
(GM
Part
No. U.S. 88862806,
System
in Canada 88862807).
Windshield
Washer
Parking Brake
Cable Guides
Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985,
in Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184,
System
in Canada 89021186).
Automatic
Transmission
Key Lock
Cylinders
6-12
DEXRON®-VI Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring
Anchor, and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293,
in Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood and
Door Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241,
in Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Weatherstrip Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 3634770,
in Canada 10953518) or
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your dealer/retailer.
Part
GM Part Number
ACDelco Part Number
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter Element
22676970
A1627C
Engine Oil Filter
89017342
PF61
Passenger Compartment Air Filter Element
25906375
CF118C
Spark Plugs
12571535
41–987
Driver Side – 21.7 in (55.0 cm)
15931977
—
Passenger Side – 21.7 in (55.0 cm)
15931976
—
Wiper Blades
6-13
Engine Drive Belt Routing
4.6L V8 Engines
6-14
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service, and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2. Any additional
information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 can be added on the following record pages. You should
retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Stamp
Services Performed
6-15
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Stamp
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Stamp
Services Performed
6-17
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-18
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance Stamp
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance and Information ...............7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-5
Customer Assistance for
Text Telephone (TTY) Users .........................7-6
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-6
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ................7-7
Roadside Service ...........................................7-7
Scheduling Service Appointments ....................7-10
Courtesy Transportation .................................7-10
Collision Damage Repair ................................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-15
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..........................7-15
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ................................7-15
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .....7-16
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-16
Vehicle Data Recording and Privacy ................7-17
Event Data Recorders ...................................7-18
OnStar® ......................................................7-19
Navigation System ........................................7-19
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) ..............7-19
7-1
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Cadillac. Normally, any concerns
with the sales transaction or the operation of the vehicle
will be resolved by the dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, in the
United States, call the Cadillac Customer Assistance
Center, 24 hours a day, at 1-800-458-8006. In Canada,
call the Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication
Centre at 1-888-446-2000.
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). This is
available from the vehicle registration or title,
or the plate at the top left of the instrument
panel and visible through the windshield.
• Dealership name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage.
When contacting Cadillac, remember that your concern
will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That is
why we suggest following Step One first.
STEP THREE (U.S. Owners): Both General Motors
and your dealer are committed to making sure you are
completely satisfied with your new vehicle. However,
if you continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you can
file with the Better Business Bureau (BBB) Auto
Line Program to enforce your rights.
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the following
address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
dr.bbb.org/goauto
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age, mileage
and other factors. General Motors reserves the right to
change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue its
participation in this program.
7-3
STEP THREE (Canadian Owners):
General Motors Participation in the
Mediation/Arbitration Program
In the event that you do not feel your concerns have been
addressed after the following the procedure outlined in
Steps One and Two. General Motors of Canada Limited
wants you to be aware of its participation in a no-charge
mediation/Arbitration program. General Motors of
Canada Limited has committed to binding arbitration of
owner disputes involving factory-related vehicle service
claims. The program provides for the review of the facts
involved by an impartial third party arbiter, and may
include an informal hearing before the arbiter. The
program is designed so that the entire dispute settlement
process, from the time you file your complaint to the final
decision, should be completed in approximately 70 days.
We believe our impartial program offers advantages over
courts in most jurisdictions because it is informal, quick,
and free of charge.
7-4
For further information concerning eligibility in the
Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP), call
toll-free 1-800-207-0685, or call the General Motors
Customer Communication Centre, 1-800-263-3777
(English), 1-800-263-7854 (French), or write to
the Mediation/Arbitration Program at the following
address:
Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1–163–005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Your inquiry should be accompanied by the Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN).
Online Owner Center
My GM Canada (Canada) — www.gm.ca
Online Owner Center (U.S.) —
www.gmownercenter.com/cadillac
My GM Canada is a password-protected section of
www.gm.ca where you can save information on
GM vehicles, get personalized offers, and use handy
tools and forms with greater ease.
Information and services customized for your specific
vehicle — all in one convenient place.
• Digital owner manual, warranty information,
and more
•
•
•
•
•
Online service and maintenance records
Find Cadillac dealers for service nationwide
Exclusive privileges and offers
Recall notices for your specific vehicle
®
OnStar and GM Cardmember Services Earnings
summaries
Other Helpful Links:
Cadillac — www.cadillac.com
Cadillac Merchandise — www.cadillaccollection.com
Here are a few of the valuable tools and services you
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vehicles and current offers in your area.
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and phone number for each of your preferred GM
dealers/retailers.
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schedule a service appointment by adding the
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and forms with greater ease.
To sign up, visit the My GM Canada section within
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Help Center — www.cadillac.com/helpcenter
• FAQ
• Contact Us
7-5
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Cadillac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Cadillac by dialing: 1-800-833-CMCC (2622).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Cadillac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. However, if a customer wishes to
write or e-mail Cadillac, the letter should be addressed to:
United States — Customer Assistance
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
www.Cadillac.com
1-800-458-8006
1-800-833-2622 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
7-6
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication Centre,
CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
www.gmcanada.com
1-888-446-2000
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-882-1112
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries
(Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) — Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Roadside Service
In the United States or Canada, call 1-800-882-1112.
Text Telephone (TTY), U.S. only, call 1-888-889-2438.
Service is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
Calling for Assistance
When calling Roadside Assistance, have the following
information ready:
• Your name, home address, and home telephone
This program, available to qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost of eligible
aftermarket adaptive equipment required for your vehicle,
such as hand controls or a wheelchair/scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very limited period of time
from the date of vehicle purchase/lease. For more
details, or to determine your vehicle’s eligibility, visit
gmmobility.com or call the GM Mobility Assistance
Center at 1-800-323-9935. Text telephone (TTY) users,
call 1-800-833-9935.
number
• Telephone number of your location
• Location of the vehicle
• Model, year, color, and license plate number of the
vehicle
• Odometer reading, Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN), and delivery date of the vehicle
• Description of the problem
General Motors of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. TTY
users call 1-800-263-3830.
7-7
Coverage
Services are provided up to 5 years/100,000 miles
(160 000 km), whichever comes first.
In the U.S., anyone driving the vehicle is covered. In
Canada, a person driving the vehicle without permission
from the owner is not covered.
Roadside Assistance is not a part of the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Cadillac and General Motors of
Canada Limited reserve the right to make any changes
or discontinue the Roadside Assistance program at
any time without notification.
Cadillac and General Motors of Canada Limited reserve
the right to limit services or payment to an owner or
driver if they decide the claims are made too often, or
the same type of claim is made many times.
Cadillac Owner Privileges™
• Emergency Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel
for the vehicle to get to the nearest service station.
• Lock-Out Service: Service is provided to unlock the
vehicle if you are locked out. A remote unlock may
be available if you have OnStar®. For security
reasons, the driver must present identification
before this service is given.
7-8
• Emergency Tow From a Public Road or
Highway: Tow to the nearest Cadillac dealer for
warranty service, or if the vehicle was in a crash and
cannot be driven. Assistance is also given when
the vehicle is stuck in the sand, mud, or snow.
• Flat Tire Change: Service is provided to change a
flat tire with spare tire. The spare tire, if equipped,
must be in good condition and properly inflated.
It is your responsibility for the repair or replacement
of the tire if it is not covered by the warranty.
• Battery Jump Start: Service is provided to jump
start a dead battery.
• Trip Routing Service: Detailed maps of North
America are provided when requested either
with the most direct route or the most scenic route.
Additional travel information is also available.
Allow three weeks for delivery.
• Trip Interruption Benefits and Assistance:
If your trip is interrupted due to a warranty failure,
incidental expenses may be reimbursed during
the 5 year/100,000 miles (160 000 km) Powertrain
warranty period. Items considered are hotel,
meals, and rental car.
Cadillac Technician Roadside Service
(U.S. only)
Cadillac’s exceptional Roadside Service is more than an
auto club or towing service. It provides every Cadillac
owner in the United States with the advantage of
contacting a Cadillac advisor and, where available, a
Cadillac trained dealer technician who can provide
on-site service.
A dealer technician will travel to your location within a
30 mile radius of a participating Cadillac dealership.
If beyond this radius, we will arrange to have your
car towed to the nearest Cadillac dealership. Each
technician travels with a specially equipped service
vehicle complete with the necessary Cadillac parts and
tools required to handle most roadside repairs.
Services Not Included in Roadside
Assistance
• Impound towing caused by violation of any laws.
• Legal fines.
• Mounting, dismounting or changing of snow tires,
chains, or other traction devices.
• Towing or services for vehicles driven on a
Services Specific to Canadian
Purchased Vehicles
• Fuel delivery: Reimbursement is approximately
$5 Canadian. Diesel fuel delivery may be restricted.
Propane and other fuels are not provided through
this service.
• Lock-Out Service: Vehicle registration is required.
• Trip Routing Service: Limit of six requests per year.
• Trip Interruption Benefits and Assistance:
Pre-authorization, original detailed receipts, and a
copy of the repair orders are required. Once
authorization has been received, the Roadside
Assistance advisor will help you make arrangements
and explain how to receive payment.
• Alternative Service: If assistance cannot be
provided right away, the Roadside Assistance
advisor may give you permission to get local
emergency road service. You will receive payment,
up to $100, after sending the original receipt to
Roadside Assistance. Mechanical failures may be
covered, however any cost for parts and labor for
repairs not covered by the warranty are the owner
responsibility.
non-public road or highway.
7-9
Scheduling Service Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty service, contact
your dealer/retailer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer/retailer can help minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership/retailer,
let them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer/retailer requests you to bring the vehicle for
service, you are urged to do so as early in the work
day as possible to allow for the same day repair.
Courtesy Transportation
To enhance your ownership experience, we and our
participating dealers are proud to offer Courtesy
Transportation, a customer support program for vehicles
with the Bumper to Bumper (Base Warranty Coverage
period in Canada) and extended powertrain, and
hybrid specific warranties in both the U.S. and Canada.
7-10
Several courtesy transportation options are available to
assist in reducing your inconvenience when warranty
repairs are required.
Courtesy Transportation is not a part of the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. A separate booklet entitled “Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information” furnished with
each new vehicle provides detailed warranty coverage
information.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait, GM helps
to minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide shuttle service to get
you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes one-way or round trip
shuttle service to a destination up to 10 miles (16 km)
from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires warranty repairs, and public
transportation is used instead of the dealer’s shuttle
service, the expense must be supported by original
receipts and can only be up to the maximum amount
allowed by GM for shuttle service. In addition, for
U.S. customers, should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative, limited reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses may be available. Claim
amounts should reflect actual costs and be supported
by original receipts. See your dealer for information
regarding the allowance amounts for reimbursement of
fuel or other transportation costs.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle
that you obtain if your vehicle is kept for a warranty
repair. If you obtain a rental vehicle on your own, please
see your dealer for the maximum number of days
allowed and the allowance per rental day. Rental
reimbursement must be supported by original receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local, and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and may
include minimum age requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage
charges and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage, or rental usage beyond
the completion of the repair.
It may not be possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
All program options, such as shuttle service, may not be
available at every dealer. Please contact your dealer
for specific information about availability. All Courtesy
Transportation arrangements will be administered
by appropriate dealer personnel.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change, or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to the terms and conditions described
herein at its sole discretion.
7-11
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a collision and it is
damaged, have the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper equipment and quality
replacement parts. Poorly performed collision repairs
will diminish your vehicle’s resale value, and safety
performance can be compromised in subsequent
collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new parts made with
the same materials and construction methods as
the parts with which your vehicle was originally built.
Genuine GM Collision parts are your best choice
to ensure that your vehicle’s designed appearance,
durability and safety are preserved. The use of Genuine
GM parts can help maintain your GM New Vehicle
Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts may also be used for
repair. These parts are typically removed from vehicles
that were total losses in prior crashes. In most cases,
the parts being recycled are from undamaged sections
of the vehicle. A recycled original equipment GM
part, may be an acceptable choice to maintain your
7-12
vehicle’s originally designed appearance and safety
performance, however, the history of these parts is not
known. Such parts are not covered by your GM New
Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any related failures
are not covered by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also available. These are
made by companies other than GM and may not have
been tested for your vehicle. As a result, these parts may
fit poorly, exhibit premature durability/corrosion problems,
and may not perform properly in subsequent collisions.
Aftermarket parts are not covered by your GM New
Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any vehicle failure related
to such parts are not covered by that warranty.
Repair Facility
GM also recommends that you choose a collision repair
facility that meets your needs before you ever need
collision repairs. Your GM dealer/retailer may have a
collision repair center with GM-trained technicians
and state of the art equipment, or be able to recommend
a collision repair center that has GM-trained technicians
and comparable equipment.
Insuring Your Vehicle
If a Crash Occurs
Protect your investment in your GM vehicle with
comprehensive and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in the quality of
coverage afforded by various insurance policy terms.
Many insurance policies provide reduced protection to
your GM vehicle by limiting compensation for damage
repairs by using aftermarket collision parts. Some
insurance companies will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance, we recommend that
you assure your vehicle will be repaired with GM original
equipment collision parts. If such insurance coverage
is not available from your current insurance carrier,
consider switching to another insurance carrier.
Here is what to do if you are involved in a crash.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing company may
require you to have insurance that assures repairs with
Genuine GM Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)
parts or Genuine Manufacturer replacement parts.
Read your lease carefully, as you may be charged
at the end of your lease for poor quality repairs.
• Try to relax and then check to make sure you are all
right. If you are uninjured, make sure that no one else
in your vehicle, or the other vehicle, is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call emergency services
for help. Do not leave the scene of a crash until all
matters have been taken care of. Move your vehicle
only if its position puts you in danger or you are
instructed to move it by a police officer.
• Give only the necessary and requested information
to police and other parties involved in the crash.
Do not discuss your personal condition, mental frame
of mind, or anything unrelated to the crash. This will
help guard against post-crash legal action.
• If you need roadside assistance, call GM Roadside
Assistance. See Roadside Service on page 7-7 for
more information.
• If your vehicle cannot be driven, know where the
towing service will be taking it. Get a card from the
tow truck operator or write down the driver’s name,
the service’s name, and the phone number.
• Remove any valuables from your vehicle before it is
towed away. Make sure this includes your insurance
information and registration if you keep these items
in your vehicle.
7-13
• Gather the important information you will need from
the other driver. Things like name, address, phone
number, driver’s license number, vehicle license
plate, vehicle make, model and model year, Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN), insurance company and
policy number, and a general description of the
damage to the other vehicle.
• If possible, call your insurance company from the
scene of the crash. They will walk you through the
information they will need. If they ask for a police
report, phone or go to the police department
headquarters the next day and you can get a copy
of the report for a nominal fee. In some states/
provinces with “no fault” insurance laws, a report
may not be necessary. This is especially true if there
are no injuries and both vehicles are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision repair facility for your
vehicle. Whether you select a GM dealer/retailer
or a private collision repair facility to fix the damage,
make sure you are comfortable with them.
Remember, you will have to feel comfortable
with their work for a long time.
• Once you have an estimate, read it carefully and
make sure you understand what work will be
performed on your vehicle. If you have a question,
ask for an explanation. Reputable shops welcome
this opportunity.
7-14
Managing the Vehicle Damage Repair
Process
In the event that your vehicle requires damage repairs,
GM recommends that you take an active role in its
repair. If you have a pre-determined repair facility of
choice, take your vehicle there, or have it towed there.
Specify to the facility that any required replacement
collision parts be original equipment parts, either new
Genuine GM parts or recycled original GM parts.
Remember, recycled parts will not be covered by
your GM vehicle warranty.
Insurance pays the bill for the repair, but you must live
with the repair. Depending on your policy limits, your
insurance company may initially value the repair using
aftermarket parts. Discuss this with your repair
professional, and insist on Genuine GM parts. Remember
if your vehicle is leased you may be obligated to have the
vehicle repaired with Genuine GM parts, even if your
insurance coverage does not pay the full cost.
If another party’s insurance company is paying for the
repairs, you are not obligated to accept a repair
valuation based on that insurance company’s collision
policy repair limits, as you have no contractual limits with
that company. In such cases, you can have control of
the repair and parts choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may
open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety
defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may
order a recall and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in individual
problems between you, your dealer/retailer,
or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to safercar.gov;
or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E.
Washington D.C., 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your
vehicle has a safety defect, notify Transport Canada
immediately, in addition to notifying General Motors of
Canada Limited. Call them at 1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
7-15
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a
situation like this, please notify General Motors.
Service Manuals
Call 1-800-458-8006, or write:
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Cadillac Customer Assistance Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
P.O. Box 33169
Detroit, MI 48232-5169
In Canada, call 1-888-446-2000, or write:
Canadian Cadillac Customer Communication Centre,
CA1-163-005
General Motors of Canada Limited
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give additional technical service
information needed to knowledgeably service
General Motors cars and trucks. Each bulletin contains
instructions to assist in the diagnosis and service
of your vehicle.
Owner Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner manual includes the
Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner Manual, and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00 (U.S.) plus processing fee
Without Portfolio: Owner Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00 (U.S.) plus processing fee
7-16
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Technical Service Bulletins and Manuals are available
for current and past model GM vehicles. To request
an order form, specify year and model name of
the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc.
on the World Wide Web at: helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Vehicle Data Recording and
Privacy
Your GM vehicle has a number of sophisticated
computers that record information about the vehicle’s
performance and how it is driven. For example, your
vehicle uses computer modules to monitor and control
engine and transmission performance, to monitor the
conditions for airbag deployment and deploy airbags
in a crash and, if so equipped, to provide antilock braking
to help the driver control the vehicle. These modules
may store data to help your dealer/retailer technician
service your vehicle. Some modules may also store data
about how you operate the vehicle, such as rate of fuel
consumption or average speed. These modules may also
retain the owner’s personal preferences, such as radio
pre-sets, seat positions, and temperature settings.
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-17
Event Data Recorders
This vehicle has an Event Data Recorder (EDR).
The main purpose of an EDR is to record, in certain
crash or near crash-like situations, such as an airbag
deployment or hitting a road obstacle, data that will assist
in understanding how a vehicle’s systems performed.
The EDR is designed to record data related to vehicle
dynamics and safety systems for a short period of time,
typically 30 seconds or less. The EDR in this vehicle is
designed to record such data as:
• How various systems in your vehicle were operating
• Whether or not the driver and passenger safety belts
were buckled/fastened
• How far, if at all, the driver was pressing the
accelerator and/or brake pedal
• How fast the vehicle was traveling
This data can help provide a better understanding of the
circumstances in which crashes and injuries occur.
7-18
Important: EDR data is recorded by your vehicle
only if a non-trivial crash situation occurs; no data is
recorded by the EDR under normal driving conditions and
no personal data (e.g., name, gender, age, and crash
location) is recorded. However, other parties, such as law
enforcement, could combine the EDR data with the type
of personally identifying data routinely acquired during a
crash investigation.
To read data recorded by an EDR, special equipment
is required, and access to the vehicle or the EDR
is needed. In addition to the vehicle manufacturer,
other parties, such as law enforcement, that have the
special equipment, can read the information if they have
access to the vehicle or the EDR.
GM will not access this data or share it with others
except: with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee; in
response to an official request of police or similar
government office; as part of GM’s defense of litigation
through the discovery process; or, as required by law.
Data that GM collects or receives may also be used for
GM research needs or may be made available to others
for research purposes, where a need is shown and the
data is not tied to a specific vehicle or vehicle owner.
OnStar®
If your vehicle has OnStar and you subscribe to the
OnStar services, please refer to the OnStar Terms
and Conditions for information on data collection and
use. See also OnStar® System on page 2-51 in
this manual for more information.
Navigation System
If your vehicle has a navigation system, use of the
system may result in the storage of destinations,
addresses, telephone numbers, and other trip
information. Refer to the navigation system operating
manual for information on stored data and for deletion
instructions.
Radio Frequency
Identification (RFID)
RFID technology is used in some vehicles for functions
such as tire pressure monitoring and ignition system
security, as well as in connection with conveniences
such as key fobs for remote door locking/unlocking and
starting, and in-vehicle transmitters for garage door
openers. RFID technology in GM vehicles does not use
or record personal information or link with any other
GM system containing personal information.
7-19
✍ NOTES
7-20
A
Accessories and Modifications ............................ 5-3
Accessory Power ............................................ 2-26
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-38
Adaptive Cruise Control ................................... 3-19
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ............................... 1-69
Additional Required Services,
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-5
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ............................ 5-94
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-17
Air Filter, Passenger Compartment .................... 3-48
Airbag
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-54
Airbag System ................................................ 1-55
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ............................ 1-69
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ...................... 1-62
Passenger Sensing System ........................... 1-64
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .......... 1-68
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ...................... 1-61
What Will You See After an Airbag Inflates? .... 1-62
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................... 1-60
Where Are the Airbags? ............................... 1-57
Airbags
Passenger Status Indicator ........................... 3-55
Analog Clock .................................................. 3-39
Antenna
Backglass ................................................. 3-129
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio
Antenna System ......................................... 3-129
Antilock Brake System (ABS) ............................. 4-4
Warning Light ............................................. 3-57
Appearance Care
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels .............. 5-92
Care of Safety Belts .................................... 5-89
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................... 5-93
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .................... 5-90
Fabric/Carpet .............................................. 5-87
Finish Care ................................................. 5-90
Finish Damage ............................................ 5-93
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ....................................... 5-88
Interior Cleaning .......................................... 5-86
Leather ...................................................... 5-88
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 5-93
Speaker Covers .......................................... 5-89
Tires .......................................................... 5-93
Underbody Maintenance ............................... 5-93
Washing Your Vehicle ................................... 5-90
Weatherstrips .............................................. 5-89
Windshield and Wiper Blades ........................ 5-91
Wood Panels .............................................. 5-89
Ashtray(s) ...................................................... 3-39
1
Audio System ................................................. 3-95
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................... 3-127
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual ............................ 3-116
Setting the Clock ......................................... 3-96
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........... 3-129
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3-99
Audio Systems
Radio Reception ........................................ 3-128
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................... 3-127
Automatic Transmission
Fluid .......................................................... 5-19
Operation ................................................... 2-29
Brakes .......................................................... 5-33
Antilock ....................................................... 4-4
Parking ...................................................... 2-32
System Warning Light .................................. 3-56
Braking ........................................................... 4-4
Braking in Emergencies ..................................... 4-5
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-24
Bulb Replacement
Fog Lamp .................................................. 3-34
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 5-43
Headlamps ................................................. 5-46
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ........... 5-46
Buying New Tires ........................................... 5-68
B
C
Backglass Antenna ........................................ 3-129
Battery .......................................................... 5-36
Electric Power Management .......................... 3-36
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ...................... 3-34
Inadvertent Power Saver .............................. 3-37
Load Management ....................................... 3-36
Run-Down Protection ................................... 3-37
Belt Routing, Engine ....................................... 6-14
Bluetooth® .................................................... 3-116
Brake
Emergencies ................................................ 4-5
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-33
Calibration ............................................. 1-11, 2-38
California
Perchlorate Materials Requirements ................. 5-4
California Fuel .................................................. 5-5
California Proposition 65 Warning ....................... 5-4
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-103
Carbon Monoxide
Engine Exhaust ........................................... 2-36
Trunk ......................................................... 2-13
Winter Driving ............................................. 4-16
2
Care of
Safety Belts ................................................ 5-89
CD, MP3 ..................................................... 3-110
Center Console Storage ................................... 2-62
Center Flex Storage Unit ................................. 2-63
Center Seat ................................................... 1-10
Central Door Unlock System ............................. 2-11
Chains, Tire ................................................... 5-73
Charging System Light .................................... 3-56
Check
Engine Lamp .............................................. 3-61
Checking Things Under the Hood ...................... 5-10
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................... 5-93
Child Restraints
Infants and Young Children ........................... 1-36
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children .......... 1-43
Older Children ............................................. 1-33
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ................................... 1-49
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position ........................ 1-51
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position .......................... 1-52
Systems ..................................................... 1-39
Where to Put the Restraint ........................... 1-42
Circuit Breakers .............................................. 5-95
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ..............
Exterior Lamps/Lenses .................................
Fabric/Carpet ..............................................
Finish Care .................................................
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces .......................................
Interior .......................................................
Leather ......................................................
Speaker Covers ..........................................
Tires ..........................................................
Underbody Maintenance ...............................
Washing Your Vehicle ...................................
Weatherstrips ..............................................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ........................
Wood Panels ..............................................
Climate Control System
Outlet Adjustment ........................................
Climate Control Systems
Dual ..........................................................
Rear ..........................................................
Clock ............................................................
Clock, Setting .................................................
Collision Damage Repair ..................................
Compass ............................................... 1-11,
Content Theft-Deterrent ....................................
5-92
5-90
5-87
5-90
5-88
5-86
5-88
5-89
5-93
5-93
5-90
5-89
5-91
5-89
3-46
3-40
3-46
3-39
3-96
7-12
2-38
2-21
3
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-3
Convenience Net ............................................ 2-63
Coolant
Engine ....................................................... 5-23
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-60
Engine Temperature Warning Light ................. 3-59
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................. 5-27
Cooled Seats ................................................... 1-5
Cooling System .............................................. 5-22
Cornering Lamps ............................................ 3-34
Courtesy Lamps ............................................. 3-35
Courtesy Transportation ................................... 7-10
Cruise Control ................................................ 3-16
Cruise Control, Active ...................................... 3-19
Cruise Control, Forward Collision Alert (FCA)
System ........................................................ 3-9
Cruise Control Light ........................................ 3-66
Cupholders .................................................... 2-62
Customer Assistance ......................................... 7-6
Offices ......................................................... 7-6
Text Telephone (TTY) Users ........................... 7-6
Customer Information
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-16
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ........................ 7-2
4
D
Damage Repair, Collision ................................. 7-12
Data Recorders
Event ......................................................... 7-18
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ......................... 3-33
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-2
Disc, MP3 .................................................... 3-110
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-4
Door
Central Door Unlocking System ..................... 2-11
Locks ........................................................ 2-10
Power Door Locks ....................................... 2-11
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-11
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-12
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-67
DIC Operation and Displays .......................... 3-68
DIC Vehicle Customization ............................ 3-86
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-73
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-12
Before a Long Trip ...................................... 4-14
Defensive ..................................................... 4-2
Drunk .......................................................... 4-3
Driving (cont.)
Highway Hypnosis ....................................... 4-14
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-15
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-12
Loss of Control ........................................... 4-10
Off-Road Recovery ...................................... 4-10
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out ................. 4-19
Winter ........................................................ 4-16
Driving for Better Fuel Economy ......................... 4-2
Dual Climate Control System ............................ 3-40
E
EDR .............................................................
Electrical Equipment
Add-On Equipment ......................................
Electrical System
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ...........................
Headlamp Wiring .........................................
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......
Rear Underseat Fuse Block ..........................
Underhood Fuse Block .................................
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................
Electronic Immobilizer
PASS-Key® III+ ...........................................
7-17
5-94
5-95
5-95
5-95
5-98
5-95
5-95
2-22
Electronic Immobilizer Operation
PASS-Key® III+ ...........................................
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter .........................................
Check and Service Engine Soon Lamp ...........
Compartment Overview ................................
Coolant ......................................................
Coolant Heater ............................................
Coolant Temperature Gage ...........................
Coolant Temperature Warning Light ................
Cooling System ...........................................
Drive Belt Routing .......................................
Exhaust .....................................................
Oil .............................................................
Oil Life System ...........................................
Overheated Protection Operating Mode ...........
Overheating ................................................
Starting ......................................................
Entry Lighting .................................................
eporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ............................
Event Data Recorders .....................................
Extender, Safety Belt .......................................
Exterior Lamps ...............................................
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ..........................
2-23
5-17
3-61
5-12
5-23
2-28
3-60
3-59
5-22
6-14
2-36
5-13
5-16
5-30
5-28
2-26
3-35
7-15
7-18
1-32
3-29
3-34
5
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-17
Finish Damage ............................................... 5-93
Flashers, Hazard Warning .................................. 3-6
Flash-to-Pass ................................................. 3-13
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-74
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-74
Flat Tire, Storing ............................................. 5-83
Floor Mats ..................................................... 2-63
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ................................ 5-19
Power Steering ........................................... 5-31
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-32
Fog Lamp
Fog ........................................................... 3-34
Fog Lamp Light .............................................. 3-65
Footwell Lamps .............................................. 3-36
Forward Collision Alert (FCA) System .................. 3-9
Front Storage Area ......................................... 2-62
Fuel ............................................................... 5-5
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-5
Economy Driving ........................................... 4-2
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..................... 5-9
6
Fuel (cont.)
Filling the Tank ............................................. 5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-7
Gage ......................................................... 3-66
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-5
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ........................... 5-95
Rear Underseat Fuse Block .......................... 5-98
Underhood Fuse Block ................................. 5-95
Windshield Wiper ......................................... 5-95
G
Gage
Speedometer .............................................. 3-52
Tachometer ................................................. 3-52
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-60
Fuel .......................................................... 3-66
Garage Door Opener ....................................... 2-55
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-5
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-62
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program .................. 7-7
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Head Restraints ............................................... 1-2
Headlamp
Aiming ....................................................... 5-43
Headlamp Wiring ............................................ 5-95
Headlamps
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-46
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ..................... 3-33
Exterior Lamps ............................................ 3-29
Flash-to-Pass .............................................. 3-13
High Intensity Discharge (HID) Lighting ........... 5-46
High/Low Beam Changer ................................ 3-9
On Reminder .............................................. 3-33
Wiper Activated ........................................... 3-32
Heated
Steering Wheel ............................................. 3-7
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-5
Heater
Engine Coolant ........................................... 2-28
Highbeam On Light ......................................... 3-66
High-Speed Operation, Tires ............................. 5-59
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-14
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-15
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-6
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-17
I
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-25
Inadvertent Power Battery Saver ....................... 3-37
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-36
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-57
Instrument Panel
Brightness .................................................. 3-34
Cluster ....................................................... 3-51
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Introduction ...................................................... 6-2
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-38
7
K
Keyless Entry, Remote Operation ........................ 2-5
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-4
Keys ............................................................... 2-3
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall .....................................
Lamp
Malfunction Indicator ....................................
Lamps
Cornering ...................................................
Courtesy ....................................................
Daytime Running (DRL) ................................
Exterior Lighting Battery Saver ......................
Footwell .....................................................
Reading .....................................................
Lane Departure Warning ..................................
Lane Departure Warning Light ..........................
Lap Belt ........................................................
Lap-Shoulder Belt ...........................................
LATCH System for Child Restraints ...................
Lighting
Entry .........................................................
Parade Dimming ..........................................
8
5-49
3-61
3-34
3-35
3-33
3-34
3-36
3-35
2-49
3-59
1-31
1-26
1-43
3-35
3-35
Lights
Airbag Readiness ........................................ 3-54
Antilock Brake System (ABS) Warning ............ 3-57
Brake System Warning ................................. 3-56
Charging System ......................................... 3-56
Cruise Control ............................................. 3-66
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning ............. 3-59
Exterior Lamps ............................................ 3-29
Flash-to-Pass .............................................. 3-13
Fog Lamp .................................................. 3-65
Highbeam On ............................................. 3-66
High/Low Beam Changer ................................ 3-9
Lane Departure Warning ............................... 3-59
Lights On Reminder ..................................... 3-65
Oil Pressure ............................................... 3-64
On Reminder .............................................. 3-33
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator .................. 3-55
Safety Belt Reminders .................................. 3-53
Security ..................................................... 3-65
StabiliTrak® Indicator .................................... 3-58
Tire Pressure .............................................. 3-60
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning .......... 3-58
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-19
Lockout Switch, Valet ...................................... 2-20
Locks
Central Door Unlocking System ..................... 2-11
Door .......................................................... 2-10
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-12
Power Door ................................................ 2-11
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............. 2-11
Rear Door Security Locks ............................. 2-12
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-10
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children ............. 1-43
Lumbar
Massaging Controls ....................................... 1-4
Power Controls ............................................. 1-4
Lumbar Controls, Rear Power ........................... 1-11
M
Magnetic Ride Control .......................................
Maintenance
Footnotes .....................................................
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ...........................
At Each Fuel Fill ...........................................
At Least Once a Month ..................................
At Least Once a Year ....................................
4-8
6-7
6-5
6-8
6-9
6-9
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-15
Maintenance Replacement Parts .................... 6-13
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-8
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-11
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using .......................................................... 6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ............................... 3-61
Massaging Lumbar Controls ............................... 1-4
Memory Seat, Mirrors, Steering Wheel Controls .... 1-6
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-73
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview ........................ 2-38
Manual Rearview Mirror with Compass and
Temperature ............................................ 1-11
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ................. 2-40
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-41
Outside Heated Mirrors ................................ 2-41
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors .................... 2-40
Park Tilt ..................................................... 2-41
MP3 ............................................................ 3-110
9
N
Navigation System, Privacy .............................. 7-19
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual ............................... 3-116
Net
Convenience ............................................... 2-63
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-24
O
Object Detection, Side Blind Zone Alert (SBZA) ... 2-45
Odometer ...................................................... 3-52
Off-Road
Recovery .................................................... 4-10
Oil
Engine ....................................................... 5-13
Engine Oil Life System ................................. 5-16
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-64
Older Children, Restraints ................................ 1-33
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-5
OnStar, Privacy .............................................. 7-19
OnStar® System, see OnStar® Manual ............... 2-51
Operation, Universal Home Remote System ........ 2-55
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-46
Outlets
Accessory Power ......................................... 3-38
10
Outside
Automatic Dimming Mirror ............................. 2-40
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-41
Heated Mirrors ............................................ 2-41
Power Foldaway Mirrors ............................... 2-40
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode .... 5-30
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-8
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
P
Paint, Damage ...............................................
Parade Dimming .............................................
Park
Shifting Into ................................................
Shifting Out of ............................................
Park Aid ........................................................
Park Tilt Mirrors ..............................................
Parking
Assist ........................................................
Over Things That Burn .................................
Parking Brake ................................................
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator .....................
Passenger Compartment Air Filter .....................
Passenger Sensing System ..............................
Passing .........................................................
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic Immobilizer ...............
5-93
3-35
2-33
2-34
2-42
2-41
2-42
2-35
2-32
3-55
3-48
1-64
4-10
2-22
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic Immobilizer
Operation ................................................... 2-23
Perchlorate Materials Requirements, California ...... 5-4
Performance Shifting ....................................... 2-32
Phone
Bluetooth® ................................................ 3-116
Power
Door Locks ................................................. 2-11
Electrical System ......................................... 5-95
Lumbar Controls ........................................... 1-4
Rear Lumbar Controls .................................. 1-11
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-8
Retained Accessory (RAP) ............................ 2-26
Seat ............................................................ 1-3
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-31
Tilt Wheel and Telescopic Steering Column ....... 3-7
Windows .................................................... 2-16
Pregnancy, Using Safety Belts .......................... 1-31
Privacy .......................................................... 7-17
Navigation System ....................................... 7-19
OnStar ....................................................... 7-19
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) ............. 7-19
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................. 2-11
Proposition 65 Warning, California ....................... 5-4
R
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Privacy .... 7-19
Radio(s) ........................................................ 3-99
Radios
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual ............................ 3-116
Reception ................................................. 3-128
Setting the Clock ......................................... 3-96
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-127
Rainsense™ II Wipers ..................................... 3-14
Reading Lamps .............................................. 3-35
Rear Climate Control System ............................ 3-46
Rear Door Security Locks ................................ 2-12
Rear Heated Seats ......................................... 1-10
Rear Seat Armrest .......................................... 2-63
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming .................. 2-38
Rearview Mirror with Compass and
Temperature ............................................... 1-11
Reclining Seatbacks, Power ............................... 1-8
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-11
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-26
Reimbursement Program, GM Mobility ................. 7-7
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System .................. 2-4
11
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System, Operation ... 2-5
Remote Vehicle Start ........................................ 2-7
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire .................................................. 5-77
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-76
Replacement Parts, Maintenance ...................... 6-13
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-15
General Motors ........................................... 7-16
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government .................................. 7-15
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems .................... 1-70
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash .......................................... 1-71
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-26
Roadside Service ............................................. 7-7
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .................... 4-19
Roof
Sunroof ...................................................... 2-64
Running the Vehicle While Parked ..................... 2-37
12
S
Safety Belt Reminders ..................................... 3-53
Safety Belts
Care of ...................................................... 5-89
Extender .................................................... 1-32
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 1-17
Lap Belt ..................................................... 1-31
Lap-Shoulder Belt ........................................ 1-26
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ....................... 1-12
Use During Pregnancy ................................. 1-31
Safety Defects
Reporting to General Motors ......................... 7-16
Reporting to the United States Government ..... 7-15
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
Additional Required Services ........................... 6-5
Scheduling Appointments ................................. 7-10
Seats
Center Seat ................................................ 1-10
Head Restraints ............................................ 1-2
Heated and Cooled Seats .............................. 1-5
Heated Seats - Rear .................................... 1-10
Massaging Lumbar ........................................ 1-4
Memory, Mirrors ............................................ 1-6
Power Lumbar .............................................. 1-4
Power Lumbar, Rear .................................... 1-11
Power Reclining Seatbacks ............................. 1-8
Power Seats ................................................. 1-3
Securing a Child Restraint
Center Front Seat Position ............................ 1-51
Rear Seat Position ...................................... 1-49
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-52
Security Light ................................................. 3-65
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Accessories and Modifications ......................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside of the
Vehicle ..................................................... 5-5
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-4
Engine Soon Lamp ...................................... 3-61
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-16
Scheduling Appointments .............................. 7-10
Service Parts Identification Label ....................... 5-94
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .............. 1-68
Setting the Clock ............................................ 3-96
Sheet Metal Damage ....................................... 5-93
Shifting
Out of Park ................................................ 2-34
Shifting Into Park ............................................ 2-33
Side Blind Zone Alert ...................................... 2-45
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .......................... 3-8
Spare Tire ..................................................... 5-85
Installing .................................................... 5-77
Removing ................................................... 5-76
Storing ....................................................... 5-83
Specifications and Capacities .......................... 5-103
Speedometer .................................................. 3-52
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ............................... 3-58
StabiliTrak® System .......................................... 4-6
Start Vehicle, Remote ....................................... 2-7
Starting the Engine ......................................... 2-26
Steering .......................................................... 4-8
Steering Wheel
Heated ........................................................ 3-7
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................... 3-127
Steering Wheel Controls, Memory ....................... 1-6
Steering Wheel, Power Tilt Wheel and
Telescopic Steering Column ............................ 3-7
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel ................................. 3-6
13
Storage Areas
Center Console ...........................................
Center Flex Storage Unit ..............................
Convenience Net .........................................
Cupholders .................................................
Front Storage Area ......................................
Glove Box ..................................................
Rear Seat Armrest .......................................
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow .....................
Sun Visors .....................................................
Sunroof .........................................................
2-62
2-63
2-63
2-62
2-62
2-62
2-63
4-18
2-19
2-64
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-52
Telescopic Steering Column, Power Tilt Wheel ...... 3-7
Text Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-6
Theft-Deterrent Feature .................................. 3-127
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-20
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................ 2-21
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic Immobilizer ............ 2-22
PASS-Key® III+ Electronic Immobilizer
Operation ................................................ 2-23
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-6
Time, Setting .................................................. 3-96
Tire
Pressure Light ............................................. 3-60
14
Tires .............................................................
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels,
Cleaning .................................................
Buying New Tires ........................................
Chains .......................................................
Changing a Flat Tire ....................................
Cleaning ....................................................
Different Size ..............................................
High-Speed Operation ..................................
If a Tire Goes Flat .......................................
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................
Inspection and Rotation ................................
Installing the Spare Tire ................................
Pressure Monitor Operation ...........................
Pressure Monitor System ..............................
Removing the Flat Tire .................................
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ...............
Sidewall Labeling .........................................
Spare Tire ..................................................
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ............
Terminology and Definitions ...........................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .........................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance .................
Wheel Replacement .....................................
When It Is Time for New Tires ......................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .....................................
Towing a Trailer ..........................................
Your Vehicle ...............................................
5-48
5-92
5-68
5-73
5-74
5-93
5-69
5-59
5-74
5-57
5-65
5-77
5-61
5-60
5-77
5-76
5-49
5-85
5-83
5-54
5-70
5-71
5-71
5-67
4-26
4-28
4-26
Traction
Control System (TCS) .................................... 4-6
Control System Warning Light ....................... 3-58
Magnetic Ride Control ................................... 4-8
StabiliTrak® System ....................................... 4-6
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-19
Transmission Operation, Automatic .................... 2-29
Transportation, Courtesy .................................. 7-10
Trunk ............................................................ 2-13
Turn and Lane-Change Signals .......................... 3-8
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-8
U
Ultrasonic Front and Rear Parking
Assist (UFRPA) ...........................................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................
Universal Home Remote System .......................
Operation ...................................................
2-42
5-70
2-55
2-55
V
Valet Lockout Switch ....................................... 2-20
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-3
Loading ...................................................... 4-19
Running While Parked .................................. 2-37
Symbols ......................................................... iii
Vehicle Customization, DIC .............................. 3-86
Vehicle Data Recording and Privacy .................. 7-17
Vehicle Data Recording, Radio
Frequency (RFID) ........................................ 7-19
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................. 5-94
Service Parts Identification Label ................... 5-94
Vehicle, Remote Start ....................................... 2-7
Ventilation Adjustment ...................................... 3-46
Visors ........................................................... 2-19
15
W
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............... 3-50
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ........................ 3-73
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-71
Different Size .............................................. 5-69
Replacement ............................................... 5-71
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................... 5-67
Where to Put the Child Restraint ....................... 1-42
Windows ....................................................... 2-15
Power ........................................................ 2-16
Windshield
Rainsense™ II Wipers .................................. 3-14
Washer ...................................................... 3-15
Washer Fluid .............................................. 5-32
16
Windshield (cont.)
Wiper Blade Replacement .............................
Wiper Blades, Cleaning ................................
Wiper Fuses ...............................................
Wipers .......................................................
Winter Driving ................................................
Wiper Activated Headlamps ..............................
5-46
5-91
5-95
3-13
4-16
3-32
X
XM Radio Messages ..................................... 3-115
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............. 3-129
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2
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