Cadillac 2011 Escalade Hybrid Automobile User Manual

Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (1,1)
2011 Cadillac Escalade Hybrid M
In Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Initial Drive Information . . . . . . . . 1-1
Hybrid Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Performance and
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Seats and Restraints . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Airbag System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . 4-1
Instruments and Controls . . . . 5-1
Warning Lights, Gauges, and
Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Information Displays . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Vehicle Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Infotainment System . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Climate Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Climate Control Systems . . . . . . 8-1
Driving and Operating . . . . . . . . 9-1
Driving Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
Starting and Operating . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Engine Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . 9-7
Drive Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-16
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-16
Vehicle Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
Vehicle Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Wheels and Tires . . . . . . . . . . . 10-17
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-31
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-36
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . 10-40
Service and Maintenance . . . 11-1
Scheduled Maintenance . . . . . . 11-1
Recommended Fluids,
Lubricants, and Parts . . . . . . . 11-2
Technical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
Vehicle Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i-1
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
ii
Black plate (2,1)
Introduction
The names, logos, emblems,
slogans, vehicle model names, and
vehicle body designs appearing in
this manual including, but not limited
to, GM, the GM logo, CADILLAC,
the CADILLAC Crest and Wreath,
and ESCALADE are trademarks
and/or service marks of General
Motors LLC, its subsidiaries,
affiliates, or licensors.
This manual describes features that
may or may not be on your specific
vehicle either because they are
options that you did not purchase or
due to changes subsequent to the
printing of this owner manual.
Please refer to the purchase
documentation relating to your
specific vehicle to confirm each of
the features found on your vehicle.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 25965924 A First Printing
For vehicles first sold in Canada,
substitute the name “General
Motors of Canada Limited” for
Cadillac Motor Division wherever it
appears in this manual.
Keep this manual in the vehicle for
quick reference.
Introduction
Your hybrid SUV is designed to be
more fuel efficient than the standard
SUV, which results in reduced
carbon dioxide emissions.
Canadian Vehicle Owners
Propriétaires Canadiens
A French language copy of this
manual can be obtained from your
dealer or from:
On peut obtenir un exemplaire de
ce guide en français auprès du
concessionnaire ou à l'adresse
suivante:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
1-800-551-4123
Numéro de poste 6438 de langue
française
www.helminc.com
©
2010 General Motors LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (3,1)
Introduction
Using this Supplement
This supplement contains
information specific to the unique
components of the vehicle. It does
not explain everything you need to
know about the vehicle. Read this
supplement along with the owner
manual to learn about the vehicle's
features and controls.
Index
A good place to look for what you
need is the Index in back of this
supplement. It is an alphabetical list
of what is in the supplement, and
the page number where you will
find it.
iii
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
iv
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Introduction
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (1,1)
In Brief
In Brief
Initial Drive Information
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Initial Drive
Information
Transmission
Range Selection Mode
Hybrid Features
High Voltage Safety
Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Fuel Economy Gauge . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Automatic Engine Start/Stop
Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1-1
example, when 3 (Third) gear is
selected, 1 (First) through 3 (Third)
gears are available.
Press the plus/minus buttons,
located on the steering column shift
lever, to select the desired range of
gears for current driving conditions.
See Automatic Transmission
Operation in the owner manual.
Cruise control can be used while the
vehicle is in Range Selection Mode.
See Manual Mode on page 9‑10.
Four-Wheel Drive
Performance and Maintenance
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
The Range Selection Mode switch
is located on the shift lever. To
enable the Range Selection feature,
move the column shift lever to the M
(Manual) position. The current range
will appear next to the M. This is the
highest attainable range with all
lower gears accessible. As an
If the vehicle has four-wheel drive,
you can send the engine's driving
power to all four wheels for extra
traction. Read the following before
using four-wheel drive.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
1-2
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In Brief
Automatic Transfer Case
The transfer case knob is located to
the left of the instrument panel
cluster. You can choose among five
driving settings:
2 m (Two-Wheel Drive High): This
setting is used for driving in most
street and highway situations.
AUTO (Automatic Four-Wheel
Drive): This setting is ideal for use
when road surface traction
conditions are variable.
4 m (Four-Wheel Drive High): Use
the four-wheel high position when
you need extra traction, such as on
snowy or icy roads or in most
off-road situations.
Hybrid Features
4 n (Four-Wheel Drive Low) : This
setting delivers extra torque. You
might choose Four-Wheel Drive Low
if you are driving off-road in deep
sand, deep mud, deep snow, and
while climbing or descending
steep hills.
This vehicle has a standard
12-volt battery and a high voltage
hybrid battery. Only a trained
service technician with the proper
knowledge and tools should inspect,
test, or replace the hybrid battery.
See your dealer if the hybrid battery
needs service.
N (Neutral): Shift the vehicle's
transfer case to N (Neutral) only
when towing the vehicle. See
Recreational Vehicle Towing on
page 10‑36 and “Towing the
Vehicle” in the owner manual.
The 12-volt battery cables, in the
engine compartment, are clearly
labeled. In emergency situations,
first responders can cut those
cables to disable the high voltage
hybrid battery system.
See Four-Wheel Drive on
page 9‑11.
High Voltage Safety
Information
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (3,1)
In Brief
Fuel Economy Gauge
1-3
Automatic Engine Start/
Stop Feature
Start the engine as you would any
other engine. See “Starting the
Engine” in the owner manual for
more information on starting. The
hybrid system provides very quiet
engine starting. If pulling a trailer
with trailer brakes, see Trailer
Towing on page 9‑16 for more
information.
Canada
United States
This gauge shows when the vehicle
is operating at a fuel efficient point.
Driving behavior that improves fuel
efficiency makes the fuel indicator
move to the high efficiency band on
the fuel gauge.
See Fuel Economy Gauge on
page 5‑3 for more information.
Auto Stop
The vehicle has an Auto Stop
feature. After a successful engine
start, the engine may turn off and
operate in the Auto Stop mode.
Keep your foot firmly on the brake
pedal until you are ready for the
vehicle to move.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
1-4
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In Brief
Engine OFF and AUTO STOP
modes are indicated on the
tachometer display. When the
tachometer needle indicates OFF,
the engine is not running and will
remain off until the ignition key is
placed in the START position or a
remote vehicle start is performed.
When the tachometer needle
indicates AUTO STOP, the hybrid
system is on, the engine is not
running, but may Auto Start at any
time without notice. See Tachometer
on page 5‑3 for more information.
A chime will sound if the driver door
is opened while in Auto Stop as a
reminder that the ignition switch is
not in the LOCK/OFF position.
Always turn the ignition switch to
LOCK/OFF and remove the key
from the ignition switch when exiting
the vehicle.
Auto Start
Regenerative Braking
The vehicle also has an Auto Start
feature. The engine will remain off
while in Auto Stop mode until
vehicle conditions require the
engine to run. The near-instant
starting of the engine from Auto
Stop mode is called Auto Start.
Regenerative braking enables the
electric drive motor to operate as a
generator when coasting or braking.
Energy from the moving vehicle
recharges the hybrid battery.
EV Mode
The vehicle also has an EV mode
which uses only the electric motor to
move the vehicle. With light
acceleration, the vehicle will drive in
EV mode. EV mode is unavailable
when the vehicle is out of fuel.
For more information on Auto Stop,
Auto Start, and EV Mode, see
Starting the Vehicle on page 9‑2.
The hydraulic disc brakes work with
the regenerative braking to insure
effective braking.
The braking system is computer
controlled and blends the
regenerative braking with the
conventional hydraulic disc brakes
to meet any requirements for
deceleration. Because the controller
applies the hydraulic brakes through
its high pressure accumulator, you
may occasionally hear the motor
driven pump when it recharges the
system. This is normal. In the event
of a controller problem, the brake
pedal may be harder to push and
the stopping distance may be
longer.
See Regenerative Braking on
page 9‑16.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (5,1)
In Brief
Battery
This vehicle has a standard
12-volt battery and a high voltage
hybrid battery. When a new
standard 12-volt battery is needed,
see your dealer for one that has the
replacement number shown on the
original battery's label. Only a
trained service technician with the
proper knowledge and tools should
inspect, test, or replace the hybrid
battery. See your dealer if the hybrid
battery needs service. See Battery
on page 10‑13.
Service
Never try to do your own service on
hybrid components. You can be
injured and the vehicle can be
damaged if you try to do your own
service work. Service and repair of
these hybrid components should
only be performed by a trained
service technician with the proper
knowledge and tools. See Doing
Your Own Service Work on
page 10‑2.
Performance and
Maintenance
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit
This vehicle has a tire sealant and
compressor kit that can be used to
seal small punctures in the tread
area of the tire.
See Tire Sealant and Compressor
Kit on page 10‑24 for complete
operating information.
If the vehicle came with a jack and
spare tire, see If a Tire Goes Flat on
page 10‑23.
1-5
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
1-6
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In Brief
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
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Seats and Restraints
Seats and
Restraints
Airbag System
Airbag System
If an airbag inflates or the vehicle
has been in a crash, the vehicle's
sensing system may command the
automatic hybrid battery disconnect
to open. When the battery
disconnect is open, the hybrid
battery will be off and the vehicle
will not start. The airbag readiness
light and/or SERVICE HYBRID
SYSTEM warning message may
come on in the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See “Airbag
Readiness Light” in the owner
manual and Driver Information
Center (DIC) on page 5‑5 for more
information.
Replacing Airbag System Parts
After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Replacing Airbag System
Parts After a Crash
3-1
To operate the vehicle, the
automatic hybrid battery disconnect
must be reconnected by a qualified
service technician and sensing
system parts will need to be
replaced. Have the vehicle serviced
right away.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
3-2
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Seats and Restraints
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
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Storage
Storage
Storage Compartments
Rear Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4-1
Storage
Compartments
Rear Storage
Power Outlet Alternating
Current
The vehicle may have a power
outlet that can be used to plug in
electrical equipment that uses a
maximum limit of 150 watts.
The power outlet is located in the
rear cargo area on the driver side.
An indicator light on the outlet turns
on to show it is in use. The light
comes on when the ignition is in
ON/RUN and equipment requiring
less than 150 watts is plugged into
the outlet, and no system fault is
detected.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
4-2
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Storage
The indicator light does not come on
when the ignition is in LOCK/OFF or
if no equipment is plugged into the
outlet.
If equipment is connected using
more than 150 watts, or a system
fault is detected, a protection circuit
shuts off the power supply and the
indicator light turns off. To reset the
circuit, unplug the item and plug it
back in or turn the Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) off and
then back on. The power restarts
when equipment using 150 watts or
less is plugged into the outlet and a
system fault is not detected.
The power outlet is not designed for
the following electrical equipment
and may not work properly if these
items are plugged into the power
outlet:
.
Equipment with high initial peak
wattage such as:
compressor-driven refrigerators
and electric power tools.
.
Other equipment requiring an
extremely stable power supply
such as:
microcomputer-controlled
electric blankets, touch sensor
lamps, etc.
See High Voltage Devices and
Wiring on page 10‑15.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (1,1)
Instruments and Controls
Instruments and
Controls
Vehicle Messages
Warning Lights, Gauges, and
Indicators
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Economy Gauge . . . . . . . . .
Charging System Light . . . . . . . .
Engine Oil Pressure Light . . . . .
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-4
5-4
Information Displays
Driver Information
Center (DIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Vehicle Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Voltage and Charging
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake System Messages . . . . . .
Door Ajar Messages . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Oil Messages . . . . . . . . .
Service Vehicle Messages . . . .
Transmission Messages . . . . . .
5-5
5-6
5-6
5-6
5-7
5-7
5-7
5-1
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
5-2
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Instruments and Controls
Warning Lights, Gauges, and Indicators
Instrument Cluster
English version shown, Metric similar
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
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Instruments and Controls
Tachometer
.
5-3
OFF position indicates that
either the vehicle was turned off
or the engine has stalled.
When the engine is on, the
tachometer indicates the engine's
revolutions per minute.
Fuel Economy Gauge
English
English Version shown, Metric
similar
This gauge displays how efficiently
the vehicle is being driven.
When the gas engine is off and the
key is in the ON/RUN position, the
tachometer indicates the state of the
vehicle:
There are three zones on the drive
efficiency gauge.
.
AUTO STOP position indicates
that the vehicle is still able to
move and the engine could
restart, by an Auto Start, at
any time.
Metric
Green Zone: Fuel efficient driving
behavior makes the indicator
display in the green zone on the
gauge.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
5-4
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Instruments and Controls
White Zones: Decreased fuel
efficiency driving behavior makes
the indicator display in the two white
zones. The indicator in the white
zone on the left side of the gauge
indicates decreased fuel efficiency
with a large amount of
decelerations. The indicator in the
white zone on the right side of the
gauge indicates decreased fuel
efficiency with a large amount of
accelerations.
Charging System Light
It should go out once the engine
has been started. If it stays on,
or comes on while driving, there
could be a problem with the 12‐volt
charging system. Have the vehicle
serviced by your dealer. A 12‐volt
charging system Driver Information
Center (DIC) message may also
appear. See Driver Information
Center (DIC) on page 5‑5 for more
information. This light could indicate
that there are electrical problems.
Have it checked right away. If a
short distance must be driven with
the light on, be certain to turn off all
the accessories.
Engine Oil Pressure Light
{ WARNING
This 12‐volt battery light comes on
briefly when the ignition is turned to
ON/RUN, but the engine is not
running, as a check to show it is
working.
Do not keep driving if the oil
pressure is low. The engine can
become so hot that it catches fire.
Someone could be burned. Check
the oil as soon as possible and
have the vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil
maintenance can damage the
engine. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Always follow the maintenance
schedule for changing engine oil.
This light comes on briefly as a
check it works, when the ignition is
in ON/RUN . If it does not, have the
vehicle serviced.
If the light comes on and stays on, it
means that oil is not flowing through
the engine properly. The vehicle
could be low on oil and might have
some other system problem.
During an AUTO STOP there is zero
oil pressure, but this light will not
come on.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (5,1)
Instruments and Controls
Information Displays
Vehicle Information Menu
Items
Driver Information
Center (DIC)
Press the vehicle information button
to display the Vehicle Information
Menu items. For more items see
“Driver Information Center (DIC)” in
the owner manual.
Trip/Fuel Menu Items
Press the trip/fuel button to display
the Trip/Fuel Menu items. For more
items see “Driver Information Center
(DIC)” in the owner manual.
Instantaneous Fuel Economy (IFE)
This display normally shows
instantaneous fuel economy. When
the vehicle is in Auto Stop mode
AUTO STOP or IFE = 0 L/100km or
IFE = 99 MPG will be displayed.
See Starting the Vehicle on
page 9‑2 for more information.
Coolant Temperature
Press the vehicle information button
until COOLANT TEMP displays.
This display shows the temperature
of the engine coolant in either
degrees Celsius (°C) or degrees
Fahrenheit (°F).
5-5
Vehicle Messages
Messages displayed on the DIC
indicate the status of the vehicle or
some action may be needed to
correct a condition. Multiple
messages may appear one after
another.
The messages that do not require
immediate action can be
acknowledged and cleared by
pressing V (Set/Reset) or the trip
odometer reset stem.
The messages that require
immediate action cannot be cleared
until that action is performed.
All messages should be taken
seriously. Clearing the message
does not correct the problem.
The following are the possible
messages for the Hybrid and some
information about them. For
information on other DIC messages,
see “Vehicle Messages” in the
owner manual.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
5-6
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Instruments and Controls
Battery Voltage and
Charging Messages
Brake System Messages
Door Ajar Messages
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
HOOD OPEN
SERVICE BATTERY
CHARGING SYSTEM
This message may be displayed if
there is a problem with the brake
system. You will still be able to
brake, but it will be noticeably more
difficult. Pull off the road to a safe
location and have your vehicle
towed to the nearest dealer for
service. See “Brakes,” “Brake
System Warning Light,” and “ABS
Brake System Warning Light” in the
owner manual.
If the hood is not fully closed or
there is a problem with the hood
switch, this message will be
displayed. Close the hood to clear
the message. If the HOOD OPEN
message continues to be displayed
after verifying the hood is closed,
you should have the hood switch
serviced. Failure to service the hood
switch properly can result in an Auto
Start condition.
This message may also come on
when you are towing a trailer. See
“Trailer Brakes” under Trailer Towing
on page 9‑16 for more information.
Auto Stops will be disabled when
this message is displayed. If the
vehicle is in auto stop mode when
this message appears, the engine
will instantly start.
If the 12V battery system faults or
fails this message will appear on the
DIC. The battery/charging system
light will appear in the instrument
panel cluster. See “Battery Warning
Light” in the owner manual. Driving
with this message on could drain
the battery. Have the electrical
system checked as soon as
possible.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
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Instruments and Controls
5-7
Engine Oil Messages
Service Vehicle Messages
Transmission Messages
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP
ENGINE
SERVICE HYBRID SYSTEM
SERVICE 4 WHEEL DRIVE
If this message is displayed on the
DIC, the vehicle may continue to
operate, but you need to have it
serviced as soon as possible.
This message may display if a
problem occurs with the
four-wheel-drive system. If this
message appears, stop as soon as
possible and turn off the vehicle.
Make sure the key is in the LOCK/
OFF position for at least one minute
and then restart the vehicle and
check for the message on the DIC
display. If the message is still
displayed or appears again when
you begin driving, the
four-wheel-drive system needs
service. See your dealer.
If engine oil pressure is low, this
message will be displayed on the
DIC. Stop the vehicle as soon as
safely possible and do not operate it
until the cause of the low oil
pressure has been corrected. Check
your oil level as soon as possible
and have your vehicle serviced. See
“Engine Oil” in the owner manual.
SERVICE POWER STEERING
This message displays if a problem
has been detected with the electric
power steering. Have your vehicle
serviced by your dealer immediately.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
5-8
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Instruments and Controls
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
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Infotainment System
Infotainment
System
Introduction
The vehicle has a navigation radio
system. See the owner manual for
more information.
Introduction
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
The screen shows:
.
Auto Stop
.
Battery Charging
.
Engine Idle
.
2‐Wheel and 4‐Wheel Drive
Modes for:
‐ Engine Power
‐ Battery Power
‐ Hybrid Power
Press the CONFIG button on the
radio to display the hybrid screen.
7-1
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
7-2
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Infotainment System
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
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Climate Controls
Climate Controls
Climate Control
Systems
Climate Control Systems
For more information on the
vehicle's climate control system, see
“Climate Control System” in the
owner manual.
Climate Control Systems . . . . . . 8-1
Electric Air Conditioning
Compressor
This hybrid vehicle has an
electrically powered air conditioning
compressor. This allows for
continuous air conditioning
operation and passenger comfort,
even while the hybrid engine cycles
on and off.
When operating the climate control
system, select the AUTO mode and
the desired temperature setting. The
climate control system automatically
adjusts the fan speed and airflow
direction. The climate control
system continues to adjust the
climate control settings chosen for
best use of electrical power.
8-1
At mild temperatures, select a
warmer air conditioner temperature
or turn the air conditioner off to get
maximum fuel economy. Continuous
air conditioner use can cause the
vehicle to Auto Start more
frequently. During hot weather,
driving with the windows closed and
the air conditioner set to Auto mode,
will result in better Hybrid system
performance.
Some noise may be heard
occasionally from the compressor,
especially when air conditioning use
is high and the engine has
turned off.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
8-2
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Climate Controls
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
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Driving and Operating
Driving and
Operating
Automatic Transmission
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . 9-7
Manual Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10
Drive Systems
Driving Information
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
Starting and Operating
Starting the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Engine Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . 9-4
Shifting Into Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
Engine Exhaust
Running the Vehicle While
Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11
Brakes
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . 9-16
Towing
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-16
Towing Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . 9-17
9-1
Driving Information
Steering
This vehicle has On-Demand
Electric-Assist Power Steering
instead of conventional full-time
hydraulic power steering. It uses
electricity supplied by the same
battery which is re-charged by the
regenerative braking system.
Because the system is On-Demand
Electric-Assist, energy is used only
when the steering wheel is turned,
or when the steering gear is used to
help isolate the forces of rough
roads. This system does not use
power steering fluid, making it
maintenance-free.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-2
Black plate (2,1)
Driving and Operating
Starting and
Operating
Starting the Vehicle
{ WARNING
Exiting the vehicle, without first
shifting into P (Park), may cause
the vehicle to move, and you or
others can be seriously injured.
Because the vehicle has the
Automatic Engine Start/Stop
feature, the vehicle’s engine
might seem to be shut off when
you come to a complete stop.
However, once the brake pedal is
released, the vehicle can move.
The vehicle’s engine can also
restart at any time.
Shift to P (Park) and turn the
ignition to LOCK/OFF, before
exiting the vehicle.
Start the engine as you would any
other engine. See “Starting the
Engine” in the owner manual for
more information on starting.
If pulling a trailer with trailer brakes,
see Towing Equipment on
page 9‑17 for more information.
.
The hybrid battery voltage,
temperature or power limits are
not exceeded. In very hot
conditions, Auto Stop may be
unavailable until the hybrid
battery has cooled.
.
The engine is at operating
temperature.
.
The vehicle may enter Auto Stop
after a remote vehicle start.
Auto Stop
The vehicle has an Auto Stop
feature. After a successful engine
start, the engine may turn off and
operate in the Auto Stop mode.
Some of the vehicle conditions that
allow the engine to stop running and
enter the Auto Stop mode are:
.
Ignition switch is in the ON/RUN
position.
.
The hood is closed.
.
The gear selector is in P (Park),
R (Reverse), N (Neutral) or
D (Drive).
.
The hybrid battery is at an
acceptable state of charge.
With your foot off the brake and the
vehicle on level ground, the hybrid
drive motor may cause the vehicle
to roll slowly forward, even when the
engine is in Auto Stop.
Keep your foot firmly on the brake
pedal until you are ready for the
vehicle to move.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (3,1)
Driving and Operating
Engine OFF and AUTO STOP
modes are indicated on the
tachometer display. When the
tachometer needle indicates OFF,
the engine is not running and will
remain off until the ignition key is
placed in the START position or a
remote vehicle start is performed.
When the tachometer needle
indicates AUTO STOP, the hybrid
system is on, the engine is not
running, but may Auto Start at any
time without notice. See Tachometer
on page 5‑3 for more information.
A chime will sound if the driver door
is opened while in Auto Stop as a
reminder that the ignition switch is
not in the LOCK/OFF position.
Always turn the ignition switch to
LOCK/OFF and remove the key
from the ignition switch when exiting
the vehicle.
9-3
Auto Start
EV Mode
The vehicle also has an Auto Start
feature. The engine will remain off
while in Auto Stop mode until
vehicle conditions require the
engine to run. The near-instant
starting of the engine from Auto
Stop mode is called Auto Start.
Some of the vehicle conditions that
may cause the engine to Auto
Start are:
The vehicle also has an Electric
Vehicle (EV) mode which uses only
the electric motor to move the
vehicle. With light acceleration, the
vehicle will drive in EV mode. EV
mode is unavailable when the
vehicle is out of fuel.
.
The hood is opened.
.
The gear selector is in
M (Manual Mode).
.
The hybrid battery state of
charge is too low.
.
The hybrid battery voltage,
temperature or power limits are
exceeded.
.
A remote vehicle start has been
requested.
.
The engine is not at operating
temperature.
.
Acceleration demands require
the use of the engine.
If increased acceleration is required,
or the vehicle reaches
approximately 40 km/h (30 mph), the
engine will start automatically. The
engine shuts off at speeds below
40 km/h (25 mph) unless the
transmission is in M (Manual Mode)
or Auto Stop is disabled.
During heavy acceleration, both the
engine and hybrid electric motors
supply power. A sensation similar to
a transmission gear change can be
felt as the transmission changes
modes. Engine RPM may remain
above 4,000 RPM for a longer
period during hard acceleration.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-4
Black plate (4,1)
Driving and Operating
Engine Coolant Heater
The engine coolant heater can
provide easier starting and better
fuel economy during engine
warm-up in cold weather conditions
at or below −18°C (0°F). Vehicles
with an engine heater should be
plugged in at least four hours before
starting. An internal thermostat in
the plug-end of the cord may exist
which will prevent engine coolant
heater operation at temperatures
above −18°C (0°F).
Using the Engine Coolant
Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the
electrical cord. The cord is
secured to a wiring harness
between the engine and the
Hybrid Auxiliary Underhood
Fuse Block with a clip. Carefully
remove the wire tie which
secures the electrical cord. Do
not cut the electrical cord.
3. Plug the cord into a normal,
grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
{ WARNING
Plugging the cord into an
ungrounded outlet could cause an
electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could
overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug
the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet.
If the cord will not reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension
cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be
sure to unplug and store the
cord as it was before to keep it
away from moving engine parts.
If you do not, it could be
damaged.
The length of time the heater should
remain plugged in depends on
several factors. Ask a dealer in the
area where you will be parking the
vehicle for the best advice on this.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (5,1)
Driving and Operating
Shifting Into Park
{ WARNING
It can be dangerous to get out of
the vehicle if the shift lever is not
fully in P (Park) with the parking
brake firmly set. The vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine
running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure the vehicle will
not move, even when you are on
fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. With four-wheel drive,
(Continued)
WARNING (Continued)
if the transfer case is in
N (Neutral), the vehicle will be
free to roll, even if the shift lever
is in P (Park). So, be sure the
transfer case is in a drive
gear — not in N (Neutral). If you
are pulling a trailer, see “Driving
Characteristics and Towing Tips”
in the owner manual.
1. Hold the brake pedal down, then
set the parking brake.
See “Parking Brake” in the
owner manual.
2. Move the shift lever into the
P (Park) position by pulling the
shift lever toward you and
moving it up as far as it will go.
9-5
3. Be sure the transfer case
(if equipped) is in a drive
gear — not in N (Neutral).
4. Turn the ignition key to
LOCK/OFF.
5. Remove the key and take it with
you. If you can leave the vehicle
with the ignition key in your
hand, the vehicle is in P (Park).
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-6
Black plate (6,1)
Driving and Operating
Leaving the Vehicle with the
Engine Running
{ WARNING
It can be dangerous to leave the
vehicle with the engine running.
The vehicle could move suddenly
if the shift lever is not fully in
P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set.
If you have four-wheel drive and
the transfer case is in N (Neutral),
the vehicle will be free to roll,
even if the shift lever is in
P (Park). So be sure the transfer
case is in a drive gear — not in
N (Neutral).
(Continued)
WARNING (Continued)
And, if you leave the vehicle with
the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You
or others could be injured. Do not
leave the vehicle with the engine
running unless you have to.
If you have to leave the vehicle with
the engine running, be sure your
vehicle is in P (Park) and the
parking brake is firmly set before
you leave it. After you move the shift
lever into P (Park), hold the regular
brake pedal down. Then, see if you
can move the shift lever away from
P (Park) without first pulling it toward
you. If you can, it means that the
shift lever was not fully locked into
P (Park).
Torque Lock
If parking on a hill and the
transmission not shifted into
P (Park) properly, the weight
of the vehicle may put too much
force on the parking pawl in the
transmission. You may find it difficult
to pull the shift lever out of P (Park).
This is called torque lock. To
prevent torque lock, set the parking
brake and then shift into P (Park)
properly before you leave the driver
seat. To find out how, see Shifting
Into Park on page 9‑5.
When you are ready to drive, move
the shift lever out of P (Park) before
you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may
need to have another vehicle push
yours a little uphill to take some of
the pressure from the parking pawl
in the transmission, then you will be
able to pull the shift lever out of
P (Park).
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (7,1)
Driving and Operating
Engine Exhaust
Running the Vehicle
While Parked
It is better not to park with the
engine running. But if you ever have
to, here are some things to know.
{ WARNING
Exiting the vehicle, without first
shifting into P (Park), may cause
the vehicle to move, and you or
others can be seriously injured.
Because the vehicle has the
Automatic Engine Start/Stop
feature, the vehicle’s engine
might seem to be shut off when
you come to a complete stop.
(Continued)
WARNING (Continued)
However, once the brake pedal is
released, the vehicle can move.
The vehicle’s engine can also
restart at any time.
Shift to P (Park) and turn the
ignition to LOCK/OFF, before
exiting the vehicle.
9-7
Automatic
Transmission
The vehicle has an electronic shift
position indicator within the
instrument panel cluster.
There are several different positions
for the shift lever.
Follow the proper steps to be sure
the vehicle will not move. See
Shifting Into Park on page 9‑5.
If pulling a trailer, see “Driving
Characteristics and Towing Tips” in
the owner manual.
See “Range Selection Mode” in this
section.
P (Park): This position locks the
rear wheels. It is the best position to
use when you start the engine
because the vehicle cannot move
easily.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-8
Black plate (8,1)
Driving and Operating
When parked on a hill, especially
when the vehicle has a heavy load,
you may notice an increase in the
effort to shift out of P (Park). See
Shifting Into Park on page 9‑5.
{ WARNING
It is dangerous to get out of the
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully
in P (Park) with the parking brake
firmly set. The vehicle can roll.
Do not leave the vehicle when the
engine is running unless you
have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure the
vehicle will not move, even when
you are on fairly level ground,
always set the parking brake and
move the shift lever to P (Park).
See Shifting Into Park on
page 9‑5. If you are pulling a
trailer, see “Driving
Characteristics and Towing Tips”
in the owner manual.
{ WARNING
If you have Four-Wheel Drive, the
vehicle will be free to roll — even
if the shift lever is in P (Park) — if
the transfer case is in Neutral. So,
be sure the transfer case is in a
drive gear, Two-Wheel Drive High
or Four-Wheel Drive High or
Four-Wheel Drive Low — not in
Neutral. See Shifting Into Park
on page 9‑5.
R (Reverse): Use this gear to
back up.
Notice: Shifting to R (Reverse)
while the vehicle is moving
forward could damage the
transmission. The repairs would
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. Shift to R (Reverse) only
after the vehicle is stopped.
To rock the vehicle back and forth to
get out of snow, ice, or sand without
damaging the transmission, see “If
the Vehicle is Stuck” in the owner
manual.
N (Neutral): In this position, the
engine and transmission are not
connected with the wheels. To
restart the engine when the vehicle
is already moving, use
N (Neutral) only.
{ WARNING
Shifting into a drive gear while the
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is
firmly on the brake pedal, the
vehicle could move very rapidly.
You could lose control and hit
people or objects. Do not shift
into a drive gear while the engine
is running at high speed.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (9,1)
Driving and Operating
Notice: Shifting out of P (Park) or
N (Neutral) with the engine
running at high speed may
damage the transmission. The
repairs would not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Be sure the
engine is not running at high
speed when shifting the vehicle.
D (Drive) or M (Manual Mode) can
be used when towing a trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on
steep hills, or for off-road driving.
You may want to shift the
transmission to a lower gear
selection if the transmission shifts
too often.
D (Drive): This position is for
normal driving. It provides the best
fuel economy. If you need more
power for passing, and you are:
Downshifting the transmission in
slippery road conditions could result
in skidding. See “Loss of Control” in
the owner manual.
.
Going less than about 55 km/h
(35 mph), push the accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
.
Going about 55 km/h (35 mph) or
more, push the accelerator all
the way down.
When temperatures are very cold,
the transmission's gear shifting may
be delayed, providing more stable
shifts until the engine warms up.
Shifts may be more noticeable with
a cold transmission. This difference
in shifting is normal.
M (Manual Mode): This position
lets drivers select the range of gears
appropriate for current driving
conditions. If the vehicle has this
feature, see Manual Mode on
page 9‑10.
9-9
Notice: Spinning the tires or
holding the vehicle in one place
on a hill using only the
accelerator pedal may damage
the transmission. The repair will
not be covered by the vehicle
warranty. If you are stuck, do not
spin the tires. When stopping on
a hill, use the brakes to hold the
vehicle in place.
The vehicle has a shift stabilization
feature that adjusts the transmission
shifting to the current driving
conditions to reduce rapid upshifts
and downshifts. If the shift
stabilization feature determines that
a current vehicle speed cannot be
maintained, the transmission does
not upshift. In some cases, this may
appear to be a delayed shift,
however the transmission is
operating normally.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-10
Black plate (10,1)
Driving and Operating
Manual Mode
Range Selection Mode
The Range Selection Mode controls
the vehicle's transmission.
To use this feature:
1. Move the shift lever to the
M (Manual Mode).
2. Press the plus/minus button to
upshift or downshift selecting the
desired range of gears.
A number displays next to the M,
indicating the current gear that has
been selected. The number
displayed in the gear indicator is the
highest gear that can be used. The
vehicle can automatically shift to
lower gears as it adjusts to driving
conditions. When 3 (Third) is
selected, 1 (First) through 3 (Third)
gears are automatically shifted by
the vehicle, but 4 (Fourth) cannot be
used until it is selected.
Pushing the minus (−) button on the
shift lever reduces the gear range.
The Range Selection Mode controls
the vehicle and engine speed while
driving down a hill or towing a trailer,
by allowing you to select a desired
range of gears.
When operating in M (Manual
Mode), Auto Stop is disabled. For
better vehicle efficiency, operate the
vehicle in D (Drive) not
M (Manual Mode).
When you move the shift lever into
M, the transmission will default to
M4. In this gear range, effective
engine braking occurs at speeds
above 72 km/h (45 mph).
Cruise control can be used while
using the Range Selection Mode.
In the M3 gear range, effective
engine braking occurs at speeds
above 56 km/h (35 mph).
In the M2 gear range, effective
engine braking occurs at speeds
above 40 km/h (25 mph).
In the M1 gear range, effective
engine braking occurs at speeds
above 16 km/h (10 mph).
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (11,1)
Driving and Operating
Four-Wheel Drive
While driving on clean dry pavement
and during tight turns, you may
experience a vibration in the
steering system.
If the vehicle has four-wheel drive,
you can send the engine's driving
power to all four wheels for extra
traction. Read the following before
using four-wheel drive.
The vehicle has StabiliTrak. Shifting
into Four-Wheel Drive Low will turn
Traction Control and StabiliTrak off.
See “StabiliTrak System” in the
owner manual.
Notice: Driving on clean, dry
pavement in Four-Wheel Drive
High or Four-Wheel Drive Low for
an extended period of time may
cause premature wear on the
vehicle's powertrain. Do not drive
on clean, dry pavement in
Four-Wheel Drive High or
Four-Wheel Drive Low for
extended periods of time.
Front Axle
Drive Systems
The front axle engages and
disengages automatically when you
shift the transfer case. Some delay
for the axle to engage or disengage
is normal.
9-11
Automatic Transfer Case
The transfer case knob is located to
the left of the instrument panel
cluster.
Use this dial to shift into and out of
four-wheel drive.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-12
Black plate (12,1)
Driving and Operating
You can choose among five driving
settings:
Indicator lights in the switches show
you which setting you are in. The
indicator lights will come on briefly
when you turn on the ignition and
the last chosen setting will stay on.
If the lights do not come on, you
should take the vehicle to your
dealer for service. An indicator light
will flash while shifting. It will stay on
when the shift is completed. If for
some reason the transfer case
cannot make a requested shift, it will
return to the last chosen setting.
2 m (Two-Wheel Drive High): This
setting is used for driving in most
street and highway situations. The
front axle is not engaged in
two-wheel drive. This setting also
provides the best fuel economy.
AUTO (Automatic Four-Wheel
Drive): This setting is ideal for use
when road surface traction
conditions are variable. When
driving your vehicle in AUTO, the
front axle is engaged, but the
vehicle's power is primarily sent to
the rear wheels. When the vehicle's
software determines a need for
more traction, the system will
transfer more power to the front
wheels. Driving in this mode results
in slightly lower fuel economy than
Two-Wheel Drive High.
The vehicle has StabiliTrak. Shifting
into Four-Wheel-Drive Low will turn
Traction Control and StabiliTrak off.
See “StabiliTrak System” in the
owner manual.
4 m (Four-Wheel Drive High): Use
the four-wheel high position when
you need extra traction, such as on
snowy or icy roads or in most
off-road situations. This setting also
engages the front axle to help drive
the vehicle. This is the best setting
to use when plowing snow.
Shifting the transfer case to
N (Neutral) can cause the vehicle
to roll even if the transmission is
in P (Park). You or someone else
could be seriously injured. Be
sure to set the parking brake
before placing the transfer case in
N (Neutral). See “Parking Brake”
in the owner manual for more
information.
4 n (Four-Wheel Drive Low) : This
setting also engages the front axle
and delivers extra torque. You may
never need this setting. It sends
maximum power to all four wheels.
You might choose Four-Wheel Drive
Low if you are driving off-road in
deep sand, deep mud, deep snow,
and while climbing or descending
steep hills.
{ WARNING
N (Neutral): Shift the vehicle's
transfer case to N (Neutral) only
when towing the vehicle. See
“Recreational Vehicle Towing” or
“Towing Your Vehicle” in the owner
manual.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (13,1)
Driving and Operating
If the SERVICE 4 WHEEL DRIVE
message stays on, you should take
the vehicle to your dealer for
service. See Transmission
Messages on page 5‑7.
Shifting Into Four-Wheel Drive
High or AUTO (Automatic
Four-Wheel Drive)
Turn the knob to the Four-Wheel
High or AUTO position. This can be
done at any speed, except when
shifting from Four-Wheel Drive Low.
The indicator light will flash while
shifting. It will remain on when the
shift is completed.
Shifting Into Two-Wheel
Drive High
Turn the knob to the Two-Wheel
High position. This can be done at
any speed, except when shifting
from Four-Wheel Drive Low.
See “Shifting Out of Four-Wheel
Drive Low” in this section for more
information.
Shifting Into Four-Wheel
Drive Low
When Four-Wheel Low is engaged,
vehicle speed should be kept below
64 km/h (40 mph). Extended
high-speed operation in 4L may
damage or shorten the life of the
drivetrain.
To shift to the Four-Wheel Drive
Low position, the ignition must be in
ON/RUN and the vehicle must be
stopped or moving less than 5 km/h
(3 mph) with the transmission in
N (Neutral). The preferred method
for shifting into Four-Wheel Drive
Low is to have the vehicle moving
1.6 to 3.2 km/h (1 to 2 mph). Turn
the knob to the Four-Wheel Drive
Low position. You must wait for the
Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light
to stop flashing and remain on
before shifting the transmission
into gear.
9-13
Notice: Shifting the transmission
into gear before the Four-Wheel
Drive Low indicator light has
stopped flashing could damage
the transfer case. To help avoid
damaging the vehicle, always wait
for the Four-Wheel Drive Low
indicator light to stop flashing
before shifting the transmission
into gear.
The vehicle may have significant
engagement noise and bump when
shifting between Four-Wheel Drive
Low and Four-Wheel Drive High
ranges or from N (Neutral) while the
engine is running.
If the knob is turned to the
Four-Wheel Drive Low position
when the vehicle is in gear and/or
moving, the Four-Wheel Drive Low
indicator light will flash for
30 seconds and not complete the
shift unless the vehicle is moving
less than 5 km/h (3 mph) and the
transmission is in N (Neutral). After
30 seconds the transfer case will
shift to Four-Wheel Drive
High mode.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-14
Black plate (14,1)
Driving and Operating
Shifting Out of Four-Wheel
Drive Low
To shift from Four-Wheel Drive Low
to Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO,
or Two-Wheel Drive High, the
vehicle must be stopped or moving
less than 5 km/h (3 mph) with the
transmission in N (Neutral) and the
ignition in ON/RUN. The preferred
method for shifting out of
Four-Wheel Drive Low is to have
your vehicle moving 1.6 to 3.2 km/h
(1 to 2 mph). Turn the knob to the
Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO,
or Two-Wheel Drive High position.
You must wait for the Four-Wheel
Drive High, AUTO, or Two-Wheel
Drive High indicator light to stop
flashing and remain on before
shifting the transmission into gear.
Notice: Shifting the transmission
into gear before the Four-Wheel
Drive Low indicator light has
stopped flashing could damage
the transfer case. To help avoid
damaging the vehicle, always wait
for the Four-Wheel Drive Low
indicator light to stop flashing
before shifting the transmission
into gear.
Shifting into Neutral
The vehicle may have significant
engagement noise and bump when
shifting between Four-Wheel Drive
Low and Four-Wheel Drive High
ranges or from N (Neutral) while the
engine is running.
1. Make sure the vehicle is parked
so that it will not roll.
If the knob is turned to the
Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO,
or Two-Wheel Drive High switch
position when the vehicle is in gear
and/or moving, the Four-Wheel
Drive High, AUTO or Two-Wheel
Drive High indicator light will flash
for 30 seconds but will not complete
the shift unless the vehicle is
moving less than 5 km/h (3 mph)
and the transmission is in
N (Neutral).
To shift the transfer case into
N (Neutral):
2. Set the parking brake and apply
the regular brake pedal. See
“Parking Brake” in the owner
manual.
3. Start the vehicle or turn the
ignition to ON/RUN.
4. Put the transmission in
N (Neutral).
5. Shift the transfer case to
Two-Wheel Drive High.
6. Turn the transfer case dial
clockwise to N (Neutral) until it
stops and hold it there until the
N (Neutral) light starts blinking.
This will take at least
10 seconds. Then slowly release
the dial to the Four‐Wheel Drive
Low position. The N (Neutral)
light will come on when the
transfer case shift to N (Neutral)
is complete.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (15,1)
Driving and Operating
7. If the engine is running, verify
that the transfer case is in
N (Neutral) by shifting the
transmission to R (Reverse) for
one second, then shift the
transmission to D (Drive) for
one second.
3. Turn the transfer case dial to the
desired transfer case shift
position (Two-Wheel Drive High,
Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO).
8. Turn the ignition to ACC/
ACCESSORY, which will turn the
engine off.
4. Release the parking brake prior
to moving the vehicle.
9. Place the transmission shift
lever in P (Park).
10. Release the parking brake prior
to moving the vehicle.
11. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
Shifting Out of Neutral
To shift the transfer case out of
N (Neutral):
1. Set the parking brake and apply
the regular brake pedal.
2. Turn the ignition to ON/RUN with
the engine off, and shift the
transmission to N (Neutral).
After the transfer case has
shifted out of N (Neutral), the
N (Neutral) light will go out.
Notice: Shifting the transmission
into gear before the Four-Wheel
Drive Low indicator light has
stopped flashing could damage
the transfer case. To help avoid
damaging the vehicle, always wait
for the Four-Wheel Drive Low
indicator light to stop flashing
before shifting the transmission
into gear.
5. Start the engine and shift the
transmission to the desired
position.
9-15
Excessively shifting the transfer
case into or out of the different
modes may cause the transfer case
to enter the shift protection mode.
This will protect the transfer case
from possible damage and will only
allow the transfer case to respond to
one shift per 10 seconds. The
transfer case may stay in this mode
for up to three minutes.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-16
Black plate (16,1)
Driving and Operating
Regenerative braking is a hybrid
technology that enables the electric
drive motor to operate as a
generator when coasting or braking.
Energy from the moving vehicle
recharges the hybrid battery.
interprets the braking request and
uses regenerative braking,
conventional hydraulic braking or a
combination of both as necessary.
Because the controller applies the
hydraulic brakes through its high
pressure accumulator, you may
occasionally hear the motor driven
pump when it recharges the system.
This is normal.
The hydraulic disc brakes work with
the regenerative braking to insure
effective braking, such as when a
high braking demand is requested.
In the event of a controller problem,
the brake pedal may be harder to
push and the stopping distance may
be longer.
Brakes
Regenerative Braking
The braking system is computer
controlled and blends the
regenerative braking with the
conventional hydraulic disc brakes
to meet any requirements for
deceleration. The controller
Towing
Trailer Towing
For more information, see “Towing a
Trailer” in the owner manual.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how the rig is used.
For example, speed, altitude, road
grades, outside temperature and
how much the vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. It can
depend on any special equipment
on the vehicle, and the amount of
tongue weight the vehicle can carry.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated
assuming only the driver is in the
tow vehicle and it has all the
required trailering equipment. The
weight of additional optional
equipment, passengers and cargo in
the tow vehicle must be subtracted
from the maximum trailer weight.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (17,1)
Driving and Operating
9-17
Use the following charts to determine how much the vehicle can weigh, based upon the vehicle model and options.
Vehicle
Axle Ratio
Maximum Trailer Weight
GCWR*
2WD 6.0 L V8
3.08
2 631 kg (5,800 lbs)
5 443 kg (12,000 lbs)
4WD 6.0 L V8
3.08
2 540 kg (5,600 lbs)
5 443 kg (12,000 lbs)
*The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is the total allowable weight of the completely loaded vehicle and
trailer including any passengers, cargo, equipment and conversions. The GCWR for the vehicle should not be
exceeded.
Towing Equipment
Trailer Brakes
If a trailer is being towed that has
trailer brakes and the trailer brakes
are manually applied while driving
slower than 40 km/h (25 mph), the
vehicle may go into auto stop mode
even if the brakes are not being
pressed. Using the trailer brake
system manually can make the
hybrid vehicle perform as if the
brake pedal in the vehicle is being
pressed. The trailer brake operation
check will still work. If the trailer
brakes are manually applied for an
extended period of time, the
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
message comes on in the Driver
Information Center. The message
goes off after the trailer brakes have
been released. No other action is
necessary. For more information,
see “Towing Equipment” in the
owner manual.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
9-18
Black plate (18,1)
Driving and Operating
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (1,1)
Vehicle Care
Vehicle Care
Vehicle Checks
Doing Your Own
Service Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
Engine Compartment
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4
Automatic Transmission
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-6
Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) Coolant
Surge Tank
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-9
Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) Cooling
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-9
Power Steering Fluid . . . . . . . 10-13
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-13
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . 10-14
Electrical System
High Voltage Devices and
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Engine Compartment Fuse
Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Wheels and Tires
Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-17
Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-18
Tire Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-22
If a Tire Goes Flat . . . . . . . . . . 10-23
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit . . . . . . . . . . . 10-24
Storing the Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit . . . . . . . . . . . 10-31
Jump Starting
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-31
Towing
Recreational Vehicle
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-36
Appearance Care
Exterior Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-40
10-1
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-2
Black plate (2,1)
Vehicle Care
Vehicle Checks
Doing Your Own
Service Work
{ WARNING
Never try to do your own service
on hybrid components. You can
be injured and the vehicle can be
damaged if you try to do your own
service work. Service and repair
of these hybrid components
should only be performed by a
trained service technician with the
proper knowledge and tools.
{ WARNING
You can be injured and the
vehicle could be damaged if you
try to do service work on a vehicle
without knowing enough about it.
.
.
Be sure you have sufficient
knowledge, experience, the
proper replacement parts,
and tools before attempting
any vehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper
nuts, bolts, and other
fasteners. English and metric
fasteners can be easily
confused. If the wrong
fasteners are used, parts can
later break or fall off. You
could be hurt.
If doing some of your own service
work, use the proper service
manual. It tells you much more
about how to service the vehicle
than this manual can. To order the
proper service manual, see “Service
Publications Ordering Information”
in the owner manual.
This vehicle has an airbag system.
Before attempting to do your own
service work, see “Airbag System
Check” in the owner manual.
Keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date of
any service work performed. See
“Maintenance Records” in the owner
manual.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (3,1)
Vehicle Care
2 NOTES
10-3
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-4
Vehicle Care
Engine Compartment Overview
6.0 L V8 Engine
Black plate (4,1)
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (5,1)
Vehicle Care
I.
G. Windshield Washer Fluid
Reservoir. See “Washer Fluid”
in the owner manual.
DMCM Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap. See Drive Motor/
Generator Control Module
(DMCM) Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap on page 10‑9.
J.
H. Hybrid Auxiliary Fuse Block
(Out of View). See Engine
Compartment Fuse Block on
page 10‑15.
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure
Cap. See “Engine Coolant” in
the owner manual.
K. Engine Oil Fill Cap (Out of
View). See “Engine Oil” in the
owner manual.
A. See “Engine Air Cleaner/Filter”
in the owner manual.
E. Brake Fluid Reservoir. See
“Brakes” in the owner manual.
B. Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM). See Drive
Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) Cooling
System on page 10‑9.
F.
C. Engine Oil Dipstick (Out of
View). See “Engine Oil” in the
owner manual.
D. Automatic Transmission Fluid
Dipstick. See Automatic
Transmission Fluid on
page 10‑6.
10-5
See “Engine Compartment Fuse
Block” in the owner manual.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-6
Black plate (6,1)
Vehicle Care
Automatic Transmission
Fluid
When to Check and Change
Automatic Transmission Fluid
It is usually not necessary to check
the transmission fluid level. The
only reason for fluid loss is a
transmission leak or overheating the
transmission. If a small leak is
suspected, then use the following
checking procedures to check the
fluid level. However, if there is a
large leak, then it may be necessary
to have the vehicle towed to a
dealer service department and have
it repaired before driving the vehicle
further.
Notice: Use of the incorrect
automatic transmission fluid may
damage the vehicle, and the
damages may not be covered by
the vehicle warranty. Always use
the automatic transmission fluid
listed in Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 11‑2.
Change the fluid and filter at the
scheduled maintenance intervals
listed in Scheduled Maintenance.
Be sure to use the transmission fluid
listed in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 11‑2.
3. With your foot on the brake
pedal, move the shift lever
through each gear range,
pausing for about three seconds
in each range. Then, move the
shift lever back to P (Park).
How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid
4. Allow the engine to idle
(500–800 RPM) for at least
one minute. Slowly release the
brake pedal.
Notice: Too much or too
little fluid can damage the
transmission. Too much can
mean that some of the fluid could
come out and fall on hot engine
parts or exhaust system parts,
starting a fire. Too little fluid
could cause the transmission to
overheat. Be sure to get an
accurate reading if checking the
transmission fluid.
Before checking the fluid level,
prepare the vehicle as follows:
1. Start the engine and park the
vehicle on a level surface. Keep
the engine running.
2. Apply the parking brake and
place the shift lever in P (Park).
5. Keep the engine running and
press the Trip/Fuel button or trip
odometer reset stem until
TRANS TEMP (Transmission
Temperature) displays on the
Driver Information Center (DIC).
6. Using the TRANS TEMP
reading, determine and perform
the appropriate check
procedure. If the TRANS TEMP
reading is not within the required
temperature ranges, allow the
vehicle to cool, or operate the
vehicle until the appropriate
transmission fluid temperature is
reached.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (7,1)
Vehicle Care
10-7
Cold Check Procedure
Use this procedure only as a
reference to determine if the
transmission has enough fluid to be
operated safely until a hot check
procedure can be made. The hot
check procedure is the most
accurate method to check the fluid
level. Perform the hot check
procedure at the first opportunity.
Use this cold check procedure to
check fluid level when the
transmission temperature is
between 24°C and 34°C (75°F
and 93°F).
1. Locate the transmission dipstick
at the rear of the engine
compartment, on the passenger
side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 10‑4 for more
information.
2. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it
with a clean rag or paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it
back in all the way, wait
three seconds, and then pull it
back out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick
and read the lower level. Repeat
the check procedure to verify the
reading.
5. If the fluid level is below the
COLD check band, add only
enough fluid as necessary to
bring the level into the COLD
band. It does not take much
fluid, generally less than 0.5 Liter
(1 Pint). Do not overfill.
6. Perform a hot check at the
first opportunity after the
transmission reaches a normal
operating temperature between
60°C and 75°C (140°F
and 167°F).
7. If the fluid level is in the
acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-8
Black plate (8,1)
Vehicle Care
Hot Check Procedure
Use this procedure to check the
transmission fluid level when the
transmission fluid temperature is
between 60°C and 75°C (140°F
and 167°F).
The hot check is the most accurate
method to check the fluid level. The
hot check should be performed at
the first opportunity in order to verify
the cold check. The fluid level rises
as fluid temperature increases,
so it is important to ensure the
transmission temperature is within
range.
1. Locate the transmission dipstick
at the rear of the engine
compartment, on the passenger
side of the vehicle.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 10‑4 for more
information.
2. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it
with a clean rag or paper towel.
3. Install the dipstick by pushing it
back in all the way, wait
three seconds, and then pull it
back out again.
4. Check both sides of the dipstick
and read the lower level. Repeat
the check procedure to verify the
reading.
5. Safe operating level is within the
HOT cross hatch band on the
dipstick. If the fluid level is not
within the HOT band, and the
transmission temperature is
between 60°C and 75°C (140°F
and 167°F), add or drain fluid as
necessary to bring the level into
the HOT band. If the fluid level is
low, add only enough fluid to
bring the level into the HOT
band. It does not take much
fluid, generally less than 0.5 Liter
(1 Pint). Do not overfill.
6. If the fluid level is in the
acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (9,1)
Vehicle Care
Consistency of Readings
Always check the fluid level at least
twice using the procedure described
previously. Consistency (repeatable
readings) is important to maintaining
proper fluid level. If readings are still
inconsistent, contact your dealer.
Drive Motor/Generator
Control Module (DMCM)
Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap
See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 10‑4 for more information
on location.
10-9
The Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) coolant surge tank
pressure cap must be fully installed
on the hybrid coolant surge tank.
Drive Motor/Generator
Control Module (DMCM)
Cooling System
Notice: If the pressure cap is not
tightly installed, coolant loss and
possible damage to the Drive
Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) may occur. Be
sure the cap is properly and
tightly secured.
In addition to the regular cooling
system, the vehicle also has a
cooling system for the DMCM
system. This system is serviced
differently than the vehicle's main
cooling system. The DMCM cooling
system includes the DMCM coolant
surge tank, DMCM surge tank
pressure cap, DMCM cooling
pumps, hybrid cooling radiator and
the Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM). The DMCM
cooling system uses a 50/50
pre-mixed DEX-COOL® coolant and
deionized water available at your
dealer. See “Engine Coolant” and
“Cooling System” in the owner
manual for more information.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-10
Black plate (10,1)
Vehicle Care
If the coolant inside the DMCM
coolant surge tank is boiling, do not
do anything else until it cools down.
hoses, DMCM cooling pump or
somewhere else in the DMCM
cooling system.
Notice: Running the engine when
there is a leak in the hybrid
cooling system can cause the
hybrid cooling system to lose all
coolant and can damage the
system. Get any leak fixed before
you drive the vehicle or run the
engine.
When it is safe to lift the hood:
A. Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM)
B. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap
C. DMCM Coolant Surge Tank/
Engine Coolant Surge Tank
D. DMCM Cooling Hoses (Out
of View)
E. DMCM Coolant Tank
Pressure Cap
The coolant level should be at or
above the FULL COLD mark with
the vehicle parked on a level
surface. If it is not, there might be a
leak at the DMCM cooler core,
DMCM pressure cap, DMCM cooler
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (11,1)
Vehicle Care
How to Add Coolant to the
DMCM Coolant Surge Tank
If no problem has been found yet,
check to see if coolant is visible in
the DMCM coolant surge tank.
If coolant is visible, add pre‐mixed
DEX-COOL coolant, available at
your dealer, at the DMCM coolant
surge tank, but be sure the DMCM
cooling system, including the DMCM
coolant surge tank pressure cap, is
cool before you do it. Use the
procedure following.
10-11
{ WARNING
{ WARNING
Steam and scalding liquids from a
hot cooling system can blow out
and burn you badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn
the coolant surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — they can
come out at high speed. Never
turn the cap when the cooling
system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is hot.
Wait for the cooling system and
coolant surge tank pressure cap
to cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
You can be burned if you spill
coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts
are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
Notice: Using coolant other than
a pre‐mixed DEX-COOL, available
at your dealer, may damage your
vehicle. Any repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Always
use a pre‐mixed DEX-COOL
(silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
If the DMCM coolant is empty , the
vehicle must be serviced by your
dealer and a special fill procedure
must be followed.
Notice: Attempting to fill the
DMCM cooling surge tank
yourself when the fluid level is
empty can damage your vehicle.
Your vehicle must be serviced.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-12
Black plate (12,1)
Vehicle Care
4. Turn the ignition to ON/RUN
without starting the engine. The
hybrid cooling pumps will run
and any trapped air will purge to
the surge tank.
5. Add the pre‐mixed DEX‐COOL,
available at your dealer, until the
coolant level is maintained at the
FULL COLD mark. This should
take no longer than two minutes
of hybrid cooling pump
operation.
1. Park the vehicle on a level
surface and turn the vehicle off.
Remove the DMCM coolant
surge tank pressure cap when
the DMCM cooling system,
including the DMCM coolant
surge tank pressure cap and
DMCM cooling hoses, are no
longer hot. Turn the DMCM
coolant surge tank pressure cap
slowly counterclockwise (left)
about one full turn. Wait
30 seconds.
2. Then keep turning the DMCM
coolant surge tank pressure cap
slowly, and remove it.
3. Add the pre‐mixed DEX‐COOL,
available at your dealer, to the
DMCM coolant surge tank until
the level reaches the FULL
COLD mark.
If the level cannot be kept at the
FULL COLD level, the vehicle
may need service. See your
dealer.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (13,1)
Vehicle Care
Battery
This vehicle has a standard 12‐volt
battery and a high voltage hybrid
battery.
6. Then replace the DMCM coolant
surge tank pressure cap. Be
sure the pressure cap is
hand-tight and fully seated.
Notice: Using tap water, cooling
system sealers or conditioners in
an attempt to stop coolant leaks
can damage the DMCM and
engine cooling systems. Never
use tap water, cooling system
sealers or conditioners in your
cooling system.
Power Steering Fluid
The vehicle has electric power
steering and does not use power
steering fluid.
Refer to the replacement number on
the original battery label when a
new standard 12‐volt battery is
needed.
Only a trained service technician
with the proper knowledge and tools
should inspect, test, or replace the
hybrid battery. See your dealer if the
hybrid battery needs service. The
dealer has information on how to
recycle the hybrid battery . There is
also information available at
http://www.recyclemybattery.com.
10-13
If an airbag inflates or the vehicle
has been in a crash, the vehicle's
sensing system might command the
automatic hybrid battery disconnect
to open. See Replacing Airbag
System Parts After a Crash on
page 3‑1 for more information.
{ DANGER
Battery posts, terminals, and
related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to
cause cancer and reproductive
harm. Wash hands after handling.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-14
Black plate (14,1)
Vehicle Care
Vehicle Storage
{ WARNING
Batteries have acid that can burn
you and gas that can explode.
You can be badly hurt if you are
not careful. See Jump Starting on
page 10‑31 for tips on working
around a battery without
getting hurt.
Four-Wheel Drive
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Scheduled
Maintenance on page 11‑1 to
determine how often to check the
lubricant.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of
the fill plug hole, some lubricant will
need to be added. Add enough
lubricant to raise the level to the
bottom of the fill plug hole. Use care
not to overtighten the plug.
When to Change Lubricant
Refer to the Scheduled
Maintenance on page 11‑1 to
determine how often to change the
lubricant.
Infrequent Usage: Remove the
12‐volt battery black, negative (−)
cable from the battery to keep the
battery from running down.
What to Use
Refer to the Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 11‑2 to
determine what kind of lubricant
to use.
Extended Storage: Remove the
12‐volt battery black, negative (−)
cable from the battery or use a
battery trickle charger.
Remember to reconnect the battery
when ready to drive the vehicle.
To get an accurate reading, the
vehicle should be on a level
surface.
Active Transfer Case
A. Fill Plug
B. Drain Plug
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (15,1)
Vehicle Care
Electrical System
High Voltage Devices and
Wiring
{ WARNING
Exposure to high voltage can
cause shock, burns, and even
death. The high voltage systems
in your vehicle can only be
serviced by technicians with
special training.
High voltage devices are
identified by labels. Do not
remove, open, take apart,
or modify these devices. High
voltage cable or wiring has
orange covering. Do not probe,
tamper with, cut, or modify high
voltage cable or wiring.
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers
The wiring circuits in the vehicle are
protected from short circuits by a
combination of fuses, circuit
breakers and fusible thermal links.
This greatly reduces the chance of
fires caused by electrical problems.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with
a new one of the identical size and
rating.
If you ever have a problem on the
road and do not have a spare fuse,
you can borrow one that has the
same amperage. Just pick some
feature of the vehicle that you can
get along without, like the radio or
cigarette lighter, and use its fuse,
if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
The vehicle also has a special fuse
in the battery box for the 300-volt
batteries. If this fuse has failed and
needs to be replaced, the vehicle
will be disabled and you will need to
10-15
have the vehicle repaired by your
dealer. Do not attempt to
self-service this fuse.
Engine Compartment
Fuse Block
Hybrid Auxiliary Engine
Compartment Fuse Block
The hybrid auxiliary engine
compartment fuse block is located
in the engine compartment near the
front of the vehicle. Lift the cover for
access to the fuse/relay block. See
Engine Compartment Overview on
page 10‑4 for more information on
its location. For more information on
the main underhood fuse block, see
“Engine Compartment Fuse Block”
in the owner manual.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-16
Black plate (16,1)
Vehicle Care
Fuses
Usage
Fuses
Usage
1
ACPO (SUV Only)
4
CAB HTR PMP
2
BECM FAN
5
EMPTY
3
ACCM
6
COOL PUMP
Fuses
Usage
7
EPS
8
Drive Motor/Generator
Control Module 1
9
Drive Motor/Generator
Control Module 2
10
BECM
J‐Case
Usage
FAN 1
Cooling Fan 1
TRANS
PUMP
Auxiliary
Transmission
Fluid Pump
FAN 2
Cooling Fan 2
CAB
HTR PMP
Cab Heater Pump
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (17,1)
Vehicle Care
Relays
Usage
CAB
HTR
PUMP
Cabin Heater Pump
COOL
PUMP
Coolant Pump
FAN LOW
Cooling Fan Low
Speed Relay
FAN
MID 1
Cooling Fan Mid 1
FAN HI
Cooling Fan High
Speed Relay
FAN
MID 2
Cooling Fan Mid 2
FAN
CNTRL
Cooling Fan Control
Wheels and Tires
Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air
pressure to operate effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell
you that under‐inflation or
over‐inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have
enough air (under‐inflation),
you can get the following:
.
Tire overloading and
over-heating which could
lead to a blowout.
.
Premature or
irregular wear.
.
Poor handling.
.
Reduced fuel economy.
10-17
If your tires have too much air
(over‐inflation), you can get
the following:
.
Unusual wear.
.
Poor handling.
.
Rough ride.
.
Needless damage from
road hazards.
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading
Information label is attached to your
vehicle. This label shows your
vehicle's original equipment tires
and the correct inflation pressures
for your tires when they are cold.
The recommended cold tire inflation
pressure, shown on the label, is the
minimum amount of air pressure
needed to support your vehicle's
maximum load carrying capacity.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-18
Black plate (18,1)
Vehicle Care
For additional information regarding
how much weight your vehicle can
carry, and an example of the Tire
and Loading Information label, see
“Vehicle Load Limits” in the owner
manual. How you load your vehicle
affects vehicle handling and ride
comfort. Never load your vehicle
with more weight than it was
designed to carry.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month
or more.
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type
gauge to check tire pressure. You
cannot tell if your tires are properly
inflated simply by looking at them.
Radial tires may look properly
inflated even when they're
underinflated. Check the tire's
inflation pressure when the tires are
cold. Cold means your vehicle has
been sitting for at least three hours
or driven no more than 1.6 km
(1 mile).
Remove the valve cap from the tire
valve stem. Press the tire gauge
firmly onto the valve to get a
pressure measurement. If the cold
tire inflation pressure matches the
recommended pressure on the tire
and loading information label, no
further adjustment is necessary.
If the pressure is low, add air until
you reach the recommended
amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by
pushing on the metal stem in the
center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gauge.
Be sure to put the valve caps back
on the valve stems. They help
prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
Tire Pressure Monitor
Operation
This vehicle may have a Tire
Pressure Monitor System (TPMS).
The TPMS is designed to warn the
driver when a low tire pressure
condition exists. TPMS sensors are
mounted onto each tire and wheel
assembly. The TPMS sensors
monitor the air pressure in the
vehicle's tires and transmit the tire
pressure readings to a receiver
located in the vehicle.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (19,1)
Vehicle Care
When a low tire pressure condition
is detected, the TPMS will illuminate
the low tire pressure warning
symbol located on the instrument
panel cluster. If the warning light
comes on, stop as soon as possible
and inflate the tires to the
recommended pressure shown on
the tire loading information label.
See “Vehicle Load Limits” in the
owner manual for more information.
At the same time a message to
check the pressure in a specific tire
appears on the Driver Information
Center (DIC) display. The low tire
pressure warning light and the DIC
warning message come on at each
ignition cycle until the tires are
inflated to the correct inflation
pressure. Using the DIC, tire
pressure levels can be viewed by
the driver. For additional information
10-19
and details about the DIC operation
and displays see Driver Information
Center (DIC) on page 5‑5.
maintenance. See “Tire Inspection,”
“Tire Rotation” and “Tires” in the
owner manual for more information.
The low tire pressure warning light
may come on in cool weather when
the vehicle is first started, and then
turn off as you start to drive. This
could be an early indicator that the
air pressure in the tire(s) are getting
low and need to be inflated to the
proper pressure.
Notice: Tire sealant materials are
not all the same. A non-approved
tire sealant could damage the Tire
Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
sensors. TPMS sensor damage
caused by using an incorrect tire
sealant is not covered by the
vehicle warranty. Always use only
the GM approved tire sealant
available through your dealer or
included in the vehicle.
A Tire and Loading Information
label, attached to your vehicle,
shows the size of your vehicle's
original equipment tires and the
correct inflation pressure for your
vehicle's tires when they are cold.
See “Vehicle Load Limits” for an
example of the Tire and Loading
Information label and its location on
your vehicle. Also see Tire Pressure
on page 10‑17.
Your vehicle's TPMS can warn you
about a low tire pressure condition
but it does not replace normal tire
Your vehicle, when new, included a
factory‐installed Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit. This kit uses a GM
approved liquid tire sealant. See
Tire Sealant and Compressor Kit on
page 10‑24.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-20
Vehicle Care
TPMS Malfunction Light and
Message
The TPMS will not function properly
if one or more of the TPMS sensors
are missing or inoperable. When the
system detects a malfunction, the
low tire warning light flashes for
about one minute and then stays on
for the remainder of the ignition
cycle. A DIC warning message is
also displayed. The low tire warning
light and DIC warning message
come on at each ignition cycle until
the problem is corrected. Some of
the conditions that can cause the
malfunction light and DIC message
to come on are:
.
Black plate (20,1)
The TPMS sensor matching
process was started but not
completed or not completed
successfully after rotating the
vehicle's tires. The DIC message
and TPMS malfunction light
should go off once the TPMS
sensor matching process is
performed successfully. See
“TPMS Sensor Matching
Process” later in this section.
One or more TPMS sensors are
missing or damaged. The DIC
message and the TPMS
malfunction light should go off
when the TPMS sensors are
installed and the sensor
matching process is performed
successfully. See your dealer for
service.
If the TPMS is not functioning it
cannot detect or signal a low tire
condition. See your dealer for
service if the TPMS malfunction
light and DIC message comes on
and stays on.
.
Replacement tires or wheels do
not match your vehicle's original
equipment tires or wheels. Tires
and wheels other than those
recommended for your vehicle
could prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. See
“Buying New Tires” in the owner
manual.
.
Operating electronic devices or
being near facilities using radio
wave frequencies similar to the
TPMS could cause the TPMS
sensors to malfunction.
Each TPMS sensor has a unique
identification code. Any time you
rotate your vehicle's tires or replace
one or more of the TPMS sensors,
the identification codes will need to
be matched to the new tire/wheel
position. The sensors are matched
to the tire/wheel positions in the
following order: driver side front tire,
passenger side front tire, passenger
side rear tire, and driver side rear
tire using a TPMS diagnostic tool.
See your dealer for service.
.
TPMS Sensor Matching
Process
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (21,1)
Vehicle Care
The TPMS sensors can also be
matched to each tire/wheel position
by increasing or decreasing the
tire's air pressure. If increasing the
tire's air pressure, do not exceed
the maximum inflation pressure
indicated on the tire's sidewall.
To decrease air-pressure out of a
tire you can use the pointed end of
the valve cap, a pencil-style air
pressure gauge, or a key.
You have two minutes to match
the first tire/wheel position, and
five minutes overall to match all four
tire/wheel positions. If it takes longer
than two minutes, to match the first
tire and wheel, or more than
five minutes to match all four tire
and wheel positions the matching
process stops and you need to
start over.
The TPMS sensor matching process
is outlined below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to ON/
RUN with the engine off.
3. Press Q and K on the Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
at the same time for
approximately five seconds. The
horn sounds twice to signal the
receiver is in relearn mode and
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
message displays on the DIC
screen.
4. Start with the driver side
front tire.
5. Remove the valve cap from the
valve cap stem. Activate the
TPMS sensor by increasing or
decreasing the tire's air pressure
for five seconds, or until a horn
chirp sounds. The horn chirp,
which may take up to
30 seconds to sound, confirms
that the sensor identification
code has been matched to this
tire and wheel position.
6. Proceed to the passenger side
front tire, and repeat the
procedure in Step 5.
10-21
7. Proceed to the passenger side
rear tire, and repeat the
procedure in Step 5.
8. Proceed to the driver side rear
tire, and repeat the procedure in
Step 5. The horn sounds
two times to indicate the sensor
identification code has been
matched to the driver side rear
tire, and the TPMS sensor
matching process is no longer
active. The TIRE LEARNING
ACTIVE message on the DIC
display screen goes off.
9. Turn the ignition switch to
LOCK/OFF.
10. Set all four tires to the
recommended air pressure
level as indicated on the Tire
and Loading Information label.
11. Put the valve caps back on the
valve stems.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-22
Black plate (22,1)
Vehicle Care
Tire Rotation
The Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) sensors will
need to be reset after a tire
rotation. See “TPMS Sensor
Identification Codes” under “Tire
Pressure Monitor Operation”.
Tires should be rotated every
12 000 km (7,500 miles).
Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon
as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for
damaged tires or wheels. See
“When It Is Time for New Tires”
and “Wheel Replacement” in the
owner manual for more
information.
The purpose of regular rotation
is to achieve more uniform wear
for all tires on the vehicle. The
first rotation is the most
important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance” in the owner
manual.
Make certain that all wheel nuts
are properly tightened. See
“Wheel Nut Torque” under
“Capacities and Specifications”
in the owner manual.
When rotating your tires, always
use the correct rotation pattern
shown here.
After the tires have been
rotated, adjust the front and rear
inflation pressures as shown on
the Tire and Loading Information
label. See “Vehicle Load Limits”
in the owner manual for an
example of the label and its
location on your vehicle.
Lightly coat the center of the
wheel hub with wheel bearing
grease after a wheel change or
tire rotation to prevent corrosion
or rust build-up. Do not get
grease on the flat wheel
mounting surface or on the
wheel nuts or bolts.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (23,1)
Vehicle Care
If a Tire Goes Flat
Your vehicle has a tire inflator kit.
There is no spare tire, no tire
changing equipment, and no place
to store a tire.
It is unusual for a tire to blow out
while you are driving, especially if
you maintain your tires properly.
If air goes out of a tire, it is much
more likely to leak out slowly. But,
if you should ever have a blow out,
here are a few tips about what to
expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire
creates a drag that pulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot off
the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to
maintain lane position, and then
gently brake to a stop, well off the
road, if possible.
A rear blow out, particularly on a
curve, acts much like a skid and
may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear
blow out, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle
under control by steering the way
you want the vehicle to go. It may
be very bumpy and noisy, but you
can still steer. Gently brake to a
stop, well off the road, if possible.
{ WARNING
Driving on a flat tire will cause
permanent damage to the tire.
Re-inflating a tire after it has
been driven on while severely
under-inflated or flat may cause a
blowout and a serious crash.
Never attempt to re-inflate a tire
that has been driven on while
severely under-inflated or flat.
Have your dealer or an authorized
tire service center repair or
replace the flat tire as soon as
possible.
10-23
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire
and wheel damage by driving slowly
to a level place and stopping, well
off the road, if possible. Then
do this:
1. Turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
2. Park your vehicle. Set the
parking brake firmly and put the
shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
4. Inspect the flat tire.
If the tire has been separated from
the wheel or has damaged sidewalls
or large tears that allow rapid air
loss, call a tire repair facility. See
“Roadside Assistance Program” in
the owner manual.
If the flat tire is due to a slow leak
caused by a nail or other similar
road hazard, the tire inflator kit may
be used to repair the damaged tire
temporarily. The kit uses a liquid tire
sealant to seal small punctures in
the tread area of the tire.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-24
Black plate (24,1)
Vehicle Care
After repairing a tire with the tire
inflator kit, take your vehicle to an
authorized dealer to have the tire
inspected and repaired as soon as
possible. The tire sealant is a
temporary repair only. See Tire
Sealant and Compressor Kit on
page 10‑24.
Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit
{ WARNING
Over-inflating a tire could cause
the tire to rupture and you or
others could be injured. Be sure
to read and follow the tire sealant
and compressor kit instructions
and inflate the tire to its
recommended pressure. Do not
exceed the recommended
pressure.
{ WARNING
Idling a vehicle in an enclosed
area with poor ventilation is
dangerous. Engine exhaust may
enter the vehicle. Engine exhaust
contains Carbon Monoxide (CO)
which cannot be seen or smelled.
It can cause unconsciousness
and even death. Never run the
engine in an enclosed area that
has no fresh air ventilation. For
more information, see ”Engine
Exhaust” in the owner manual.
{ WARNING
Storing the tire sealant and
compressor kit or other
equipment in the passenger
compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or
collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store the tire
sealant and compressor kit in its
original location.
If this vehicle has a tire sealant and
compressor kit, there may not be a
spare tire, tire changing equipment,
and on some vehicles there may not
be a place to store a tire.
The tire sealant and compressor
can be used to temporarily seal
punctures up to 6 mm (¼ inch) in
the tread area of the tire. It can also
be used to inflate an under
inflated tire.
If the tire has been separated from
the wheel, has damaged sidewalls,
or has a large puncture, the tire is
too severely damaged for the tire
sealant and compressor kit to be
effective. See “Roadside Assistance
Program” in the owner manual.
Read and follow all of the tire
sealant and compressor kit
instructions.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (25,1)
Vehicle Care
The kit includes:
Tire Sealant
Read and follow the safe handling
instructions on the label adhered to
the sealant canister.
Check the tire sealant expiration
date on the sealant canister. The
sealant canister should be replaced
before its expiration date.
Replacement sealant canisters are
available at your local dealer. See
“Removal and Installation of the
Sealant Canister” following.
A. Air Compressor
B. Tire Sealant Canister
C. Power Plug
D. On/Off Button
E. Pressure Gauge
F.
Air Only Hose (Black)
G. Sealant/Air Hose (Clear)
10-25
Using the Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit to Temporarily
Seal and Inflate a
Punctured Tire
Follow the directions closely for
correct sealant usage.
There is only enough sealant to seal
one tire. After usage, the sealant
canister and sealant/air hose
assembly must be replaced. See
“Removal and Installation of the
Sealant Canister” following.
When using the tire sealant and
compressor kit during cold
temperatures, warm the kit in a
heated environment for five minutes.
This will help to inflate the tire
faster.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-26
Black plate (26,1)
Vehicle Care
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire
and wheel damage by driving slowly
to a level place. Turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
See If a Tire Goes Flat on
page 10‑23 for other important
safety warnings.
Do not remove any objects that
have penetrated the tire.
1. Remove the tire sealant and
compressor kit from its storage
location. See Storing the Tire
Sealant and Compressor Kit on
page 10‑31.
Make sure the on/off button (D)
is in the off (O) position.
2. Unwrap the sealant/air hose (G)
and the power plug (C).
3. Place the kit on the ground.
Make sure the tire valve stem is
positioned close to the ground
so the hose will reach it.
4. Remove the valve stem cap from
the flat tire by turning it
counterclockwise.
5. Attach the sealant/air hose (G)
onto the tire valve stem. Turn it
clockwise until it is tight.
6. Plug the power plug (C) into the
accessory power outlet in the
vehicle. Unplug all items from
other accessory power outlets.
See “Power Outlets” in the
owner manual.
If the vehicle has an accessory
power outlet, do not use the
cigarette lighter.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette
lighter, use the cigarette lighter.
Do not pinch the power plug
cord in the door or window.
7. Start the vehicle. The vehicle
must be running while using the
air compressor.
8. Press the on/off (D) button to
turn the tire sealant and
compressor kit on.
The compressor will inject
sealant and air into the tire.
The pressure gauge (E) will
initially show a high pressure
while the compressor pushes the
sealant into the tire. Once the
sealant is completely dispersed
into the tire, the pressure will
quickly drop and start to rise
again as the tire inflates with
air only.
9. Inflate the tire to the
recommended inflation pressure
using the pressure gauge (E).
The recommended inflation
pressure can be found on the
Tire and Loading Information
label. See Tire Pressure on
page 10‑17.
The pressure gauge (E) may
read higher than the actual tire
pressure while the compressor is
on. Turn the compressor off to
get an accurate pressure
reading. The compressor may
be turned on/off until the correct
pressure is reached.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (27,1)
Vehicle Care
Notice: If the recommended
pressure cannot be reached after
approximately 25 minutes, the
vehicle should not be driven
farther. The tire is too severely
damaged and the tire sealant and
compressor kit cannot inflate the
tire. Remove the power plug from
the accessory power outlet and
unscrew the inflating hose from
the tire valve. See “Roadside
Assistance Program” in the
owner manual.
11. Unplug the power plug (C) from
the accessory power outlet in
the vehicle.
Be careful while handling the
tire sealant and compressor kit
as it could be warm after
usage.
Do not exceed the speed on
this label until the damaged tire
is repaired or replaced.
12. Turn the sealant/air hose (G)
counterclockwise to remove it
from the tire valve stem.
16. Return the equipment to its
original storage location in the
vehicle.
13. Replace the tire valve
stem cap.
17. Immediately drive the vehicle
8 km (5 miles) to distribute the
sealant in the tire.
14. Replace the sealant/air
hose (G), and the power
plug (C) back in their original
location.
10. Press the on/off button (D) to
turn the tire sealant and
compressor kit off.
The tire is not sealed and will
continue to leak air until the
vehicle is driven and the
sealant is distributed in the tire,
therefore, Steps 11 through
17 must be done immediately
after Step 10.
10-27
15. If the flat tire was able to
inflate to the recommended
inflation pressure, remove the
maximum speed label from the
sealant canister (B) and place
it in a highly visible location.
18. Stop at a safe location and
check the tire pressure. Refer
to Steps 1 through 11 under
“Using the Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit without Sealant
to Inflate a Tire (Not
Punctured).”
If the tire pressure has fallen
more than 68 kPa (10 psi)
below the recommended
inflation pressure, stop driving
the vehicle. The tire is too
severely damaged and the tire
sealant cannot seal the tire.
See “Roadside Assistance
Program” in the owner manual.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-28
Black plate (28,1)
Vehicle Care
If the tire pressure has not
dropped more than 68 kPa
(10 psi) from the recommended
inflation pressure, inflate the
tire to the recommended
inflation pressure.
19. Wipe off any sealant from the
wheel, tire or vehicle.
Using the Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit without
Sealant to Inflate a Tire (Not
Punctured)
To use the air compressor to inflate
a tire with air only and not sealant:
See If a Tire Goes Flat on
page 10‑23 for other important
safety warnings.
1. Remove the tire sealant and
compressor kit from its storage
location. See Storing the Tire
Sealant and Compressor Kit on
page 10‑31.
20. Dispose of the used sealant
canister (B) and sealant/air
hose (G) assembly at a local
dealer or in accordance with
local state codes and practices.
2. Unlock the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B) by
pulling up on the lever.
21. Replace it with a new canister
available from your dealer.
4. Remove the power plug (C) from
the air compressor (A).
22. After temporarily sealing a tire
using the tire sealant and
compressor kit, take the
vehicle to an authorized dealer
within a 161 km (100 miles) of
driving to have the tire repaired
or replaced.
5. Place the kit on the ground.
3. Pull the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B).
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire
and wheel damage by driving slowly
to a level place. Turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
Make sure the tire valve stem is
positioned close to the ground
so the hose will reach it.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (29,1)
Vehicle Care
6. Remove the tire valve stem cap
by turning it counterclockwise.
7. Attach the air only hose (F) onto
the tire valve stem and press the
lever down to secure it.
8. Plug the power plug (C) into the
accessory power outlet in the
vehicle. Unplug all items from
other accessory power outlets.
See “Power Outlets” in the
owner manual.
If the vehicle has an accessory
power outlet, do not use the
cigarette lighter.
If the vehicle only has a cigarette
lighter, use the cigarette lighter.
Do not pinch the power plug
cord in the door or window.
9. Start the vehicle. The vehicle
must be running while using the
air compressor.
10. Press the on/off (D) button to
turn the compressor on.
The compressor will inflate the
tire with air only.
11. Inflate the tire to the
recommended inflation
pressure using the pressure
gauge (E). The recommended
inflation pressure can be found
on the Tire and Loading
Information label. See Tire
Pressure on page 10‑17.
The pressure gauge (E) may
read higher than the actual tire
pressure while the compressor
is on. Turn the compressor off
to get an accurate reading. The
compressor may be turned on/
off until the correct pressure is
reached.
10-29
12. Press the on/off button (D) to
turn the tire sealant and
compressor kit off.
Be careful while handling the
tire sealant and compressor kit
as it could be warm after
usage.
13. Unplug the power plug (C) from
the accessory power outlet in
the vehicle.
14. Disconnect the air only
hose (C) from the tire valve
stem, by turning it
counterclockwise, and replace
the tire valve stem cap.
15. Replace the air only hose (F)
and the power plug (C) back in
its original location.
16. Place the equipment in the
original storage location in the
vehicle.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-30
Black plate (30,1)
Vehicle Care
Removal and Installation of the
Sealant Canister
To install a new sealant canister:
1. Align the sealant/air hose (G)
with the slot in the air
compressor.
To remove the sealant canister:
2. Push the sealant canister (B)
down and turn it clockwise.
3. Wrap the sealant/air hose (G)
around the air compressor
channel to stow it in its original
location.
1. Unlock the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B) by
pulling up on the lever.
2. Pull the air only hose (F) from
the sealant canister (B).
3. Unwrap the sealant/air hose (G)
from the compressor (A).
4. Turn the sealant canister (B) so
the inflator filling hose is aligned
with the slot in the compressor.
5. Lift the sealant canister (B) from
the compressor and replace with
a new sealant canister. See your
dealer for more information.
4. Push the air compressor inflator
hose (F) onto the sealant
canister inlet and push the
lever down.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (31,1)
Vehicle Care
Storing the Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit
Jump Starting
{ WARNING
The tire sealant and compressor kit
is located under the storage tray on
the driver side trim panel (over the
rear wheelhouse).
Personal injury, death, or damage
to the vehicle can result if you try
jump starting or using a battery
charger on the high voltage
hybrid battery. Use only the
12-volt battery for jump starting
and charging.
To access the tire sealant and
compressor kit:
2. Locate the tire sealant and
compressor kit .
3. Remove the sealant and
compressor kit by pulling the
velcro strip up and back.
4. Remove the sealant and
compressor kit from its plastic
tray assembly.
1. Remove the tray by pulling up
on the finger depression to
access the tire sealant and
compressor kit .
10-31
To store the tire sealant and
compressor kit, reverse the steps.
For more information about the
vehicle battery, see Battery on
page 10‑13.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-32
Black plate (32,1)
Vehicle Care
If the vehicle's 12‐volt battery has
run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper
cables to start your vehicle. Use the
following steps to do it safely.
{ WARNING
Batteries can hurt you. They can
be dangerous because:
.
They contain acid that can
burn you.
.
They contain gas that can
explode or ignite.
.
They contain enough
electricity to burn you.
If you do not follow these steps
exactly, some or all of these
things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps
could result in costly damage to
the vehicle that would not be
covered by the warranty.
Trying to start the vehicle by
pushing or pulling it will not
work, and it could damage the
vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must
have a 12‐volt battery with a
negative ground system.
Notice: Only use vehicles with
12-volt systems with negative
grounds to jump start your
vehicle. If the other vehicle's
system is not a 12-volt system
with a negative ground, both
vehicles can be damaged.
2. Get the vehicles close enough
so the jumper cables can reach,
but be sure the vehicles are not
touching each other. It could
cause a ground connection you
do not want. You would not be
able to start your vehicle, and
the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the
vehicles rolling, set the parking
brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start
procedure. Put the automatic
transmission in P (Park) or a
manual transmission in
N (Neutral) before setting the
parking brake. If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure
the transfer case is in a drive
gear, not in N (Neutral).
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (33,1)
Vehicle Care
Notice: If you leave the radio or
other accessories on during the
jump starting procedure, they
could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by the
warranty. Always turn off the
radio and other accessories when
jump starting the vehicle.
terminal. You should always use
these remote terminals instead
of the terminals on the battery.
3. Turn off the ignition on both
vehicles. Unplug unnecessary
accessories plugged into the
cigarette lighter or the accessory
power outlets. Turn off the radio
and all the lamps that are not
needed.
This avoids sparks and helps
save both batteries. It could
save the radio!
4. Open the hood on the other
vehicle and locate the
positive (+) and negative (−)
terminal locations on that
vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote
positive (+) and a remote
negative (−) jump starting
If the vehicle has a remote
positive (+), it is located under a
red plastic cover at the positive
battery post. To uncover the
remote positive (+) terminal,
open the red plastic cover.
5. The remote negative (−) is a
solid engine ground.
10-33
{ WARNING
An electric fan can start up even
when the engine is not running
and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-34
Black plate (34,1)
Vehicle Care
{ WARNING
Using an open flame near a
battery can cause battery gas to
explode. People have been hurt
doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you
need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough
water. You do not need to add
water to the battery installed in
your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right
amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that
first. If you do not, explosive gas
could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that
can burn you. Do not get it on
you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush
the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
{ WARNING
Fans or other moving engine
parts can injure you badly. Keep
your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
6. Check that the jumper cables do
not have loose or missing
insulation. If they do, you could
get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables,
here are some basic things you
should know. Positive (+) goes to
positive (+) or to a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle
has one. Negative (−) will go to a
heavy, unpainted metal engine
part or a solid engine ground.
Do not connect positive (+) to
negative (−) or you will get a
short that would damage the
battery and maybe other parts
too. Do not connect the
negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal on the dead
battery because this can cause
sparks.
7. Connect the red positive (+)
cable to the positive (+) terminal
of the vehicle with the dead
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) if the vehicle
has one.
8. Do not let the other end touch
metal. Connect it to the
positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) if the vehicle
has one.
9. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (−) if the vehicle
has one.
Do not let the other end touch
anything until the next step. The
other end of the negative (−)
cable does not go to the dead
battery. It goes to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (35,1)
Vehicle Care
to the remote negative (−)
terminal on the vehicle with the
dead battery.
Jumper Cable Removal
10-35
To disconnect the jumper cables
from both vehicles:
1. Disconnect the black
negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the bad battery.
10. Connect the other end of the
negative (−) cable to the
remote negative (−) terminal,
on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
2. Disconnect the black
negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
11. Now start the vehicle with the
good battery and run the
engine for a while.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+)
cable from the vehicle with the
good battery.
12. Try to start the vehicle that had
the dead battery. If it will not
start after a few tries, it
probably needs service.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+)
cable from the other vehicle.
Notice: If the jumper cables are
connected or removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the
vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by the vehicle warranty.
Always connect and remove the
jumper cables in the correct
order, making sure that the
cables do not touch each other or
other metal.
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine
Part or Remote Negative (−)
Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote
Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote
Positive (+) Terminal
5. Return the remote positive (+)
terminal cover to its original
position.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-36
Black plate (36,1)
Vehicle Care
Towing
Recreational Vehicle
Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means
towing the vehicle behind another
vehicle – such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common
types of recreational vehicle towing
are known as dinghy towing and
dolly towing. Dinghy towing is
towing the vehicle with all four
wheels on the ground. Dolly towing
is towing the vehicle with two
wheels on the ground and two
wheels up on a device known as a
dolly.
Here are some important things to
consider before recreational vehicle
towing:
.
.
What is the towing capacity of
the towing vehicle? Be sure to
read the tow vehicle
manufacturer's
recommendations.
What is the distance that will be
travelled? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how
long they can tow.
.
Is the proper towing equipment
going to be used? See your
dealer or trailering professional
for additional advice and
equipment recommendations.
.
Is the vehicle ready to be
towed? Just as preparing the
vehicle for a long trip, make sure
the vehicle is prepared to be
towed.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (37,1)
Vehicle Care
Dinghy Towing
Two-Wheel Drive Vehicles
10-37
transmissions have no provisions
for internal lubrication while being
towed.
2. Turn the engine off and firmly set
the parking brake. See “Parking
Brake” in the owner manual.
Four-Wheel Drive Vehicles
3. Securely attach the vehicle
being towed to the tow vehicle.
{ WARNING
Notice: If the vehicle is towed
with all four wheels on the
ground, the drivetrain
components could be damaged.
The repairs would not be covered
by the vehicle warranty. Do not
tow the vehicle with all four
wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel drive vehicles should not
be towed with all four wheels on the
ground. Two-wheel drive
Shifting a four-wheel-drive
vehicle's transfer case into
N (Neutral) can cause the vehicle
to roll even if the transmission is
in P (Park). The driver or others
could be injured. Make sure the
parking brake is firmly set before
the transfer case is shifted to
N (Neutral).
Use the following procedure to
dinghy tow a four-wheel drive
vehicle:
1. Position the vehicle being towed
behind the tow vehicle and shift
the transmission to P (Park).
4. Shift the transfer case to
N (Neutral). See “Shifting into
N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel
Drive on page 9‑11 for the
proper procedure to select the
Neutral position for the vehicle.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-38
Black plate (38,1)
Vehicle Care
5. Release the parking brake only
after the vehicle being towed is
firmly attached to the towing
vehicle.
6. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF
and remove the key — the
steering wheel will still turn.
Dolly Towing – Front Towing
(Front Wheels Off the Ground)
Two-Wheel Drive Vehicles
transmission could be damaged.
The repairs would not be covered
by the vehicle warranty. Never
tow the vehicle with the rear
wheels on the ground.
Four-Wheel Drive Vehicles
Two-wheel drive vehicles should not
be towed with the rear wheels on
the ground. Two-wheel drive
transmissions have no provisions
for internal lubrication while being
towed.
To dolly tow a two‐wheel‐drive
vehicle, the vehicle must be towed
with the rear wheels on the dolly.
See “Rear Towing (Rear Wheels Off
the Ground)” later in this section for
more information.
Use the following procedure to dolly
tow a four-wheel drive vehicle from
the front:
1. Attach the dolly to the tow
vehicle following the dolly
manufacturer's instructions.
2. Drive the front wheels onto the
dolly.
Notice: If a two-wheel-drive
vehicle is towed with the rear
wheels on the ground, the
3. Shift the transmission to
P (Park).
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (39,1)
Vehicle Care
4. Firmly set the parking brake.
See “Parking Brake” in the
owner manual.
{ WARNING
Shifting a four-wheel-drive
vehicle's transfer case into
N (Neutral) can cause the vehicle
to roll even if the transmission is
in P (Park). The driver or others
could be injured. Make sure the
parking brake is firmly set before
the transfer case is shifted to
N (Neutral).
5. Shift the transfer case to
N (Neutral). See “Shifting into
N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel
Drive on page 9‑11.
6. Secure the vehicle to the dolly
following the manufacturer's
instructions.
10-39
7. Release the parking brake only
after the vehicle being towed is
firmly attached to the towing
vehicle.
Two‐Wheel Drive Vehicles
8. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
1. Attach the dolly to the tow
vehicle following the dolly
manufacturer's instructions.
After towing, see “Shifting Out of
N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel Drive
on page 9‑11.
Dolly Towing – Rear Towing
(Rear Wheels Off the Ground)
Use the following procedure to dolly
tow a two-wheel drive vehicle from
the rear:
2. Drive the rear wheels onto the
dolly.
3. Firmly set the parking brake.
See “Parking Brake” in the
owner manual.
4. Put the transmission in P (Park).
5. Secure the vehicle to the dolly
following the manufacturer's
instructions.
6. Use an adequate clamping
device designed for towing to
ensure that the front wheels are
locked into the straight position.
7. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
10-40
Black plate (40,1)
Vehicle Care
Four‐Wheel‐Drive Vehicles
Use the following procedure to dolly
tow a four-wheel-drive vehicle from
the rear:
1. Attach the dolly to the tow
vehicle following the dolly
manufacturer's instructions.
2. Drive the rear wheels onto the
dolly.
3. Firmly set the parking brake.
See “Parking Brake” in the
owner manual.
4. Put the transmission in P (Park).
5. Secure the vehicle to the dolly
following the manufacturer's
instructions.
6. Use an adequate clamping
device designed for towing to
ensure that the front wheels are
locked into the straight position.
{ WARNING
Shifting a four-wheel-drive
vehicle's transfer case into
N (Neutral) can cause the vehicle
to roll even if the transmission is
in P (Park). The driver or others
could be injured. Make sure the
parking brake is firmly set before
the transfer case is shifted to
N (Neutral).
7. Shift the transfer case to
N (Neutral). See “Shifting into
N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel
Drive on page 9‑11.
8. Turn the ignition to LOCK/OFF.
After towing, see “Shifting Out of
N (Neutral)” under Four-Wheel Drive
on page 9‑11.
Appearance Care
Exterior Care
When scraping the windshield glass
to remove ice and snow, stay clear
of the hybrid decal.
To have the hybrid decals removed
from the vehicle, please see your
dealer.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (1,1)
Service and Maintenance
Service and
Maintenance
Scheduled
Maintenance
Scheduled Maintenance
In addition to the scheduled
maintenance services described in
the owner manual, the following
service should be performed.
Scheduled Maintenance . . . . . 11-1
Recommended Fluids,
Lubricants, and Parts
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
11-1
Once a Year
This vehicle has a Tire Sealant and
Compressor Kit. Check the sealant
expiration date printed on the
instruction label of the kit. See Tire
Sealant and Compressor Kit on
page 10‑24.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
11-2
Black plate (2,1)
Service and Maintenance
Recommended Fluids, Lubricants, and Parts
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Fluids identified below are specific to the hybrid vehicle and can be obtained from your dealer. See the owner
manual for the other fluids and lubricants recommended for the vehicle.
Usage
Drive Motor/Generator Control
Module (DMCM) Cooling System
Fluid/Lubricant
Always use the pre-mixed 50/50 mixture of de‐ionized water and
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant available at your dealer. See Drive
Motor/Generator Control Module (DMCM) Cooling System on page 10‑9.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (1,1)
Technical Data
Technical Data
Vehicle Data
Capacities and
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Engine Drive Belt Routing . . . 12-3
12-1
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
12-2
Black plate (2,1)
Technical Data
Vehicle Data
Capacities and Specifications
Application
Automatic Transmission* (Pan Removal and Filter
Replacement)
Capacities
Metric
English
10.9 L
11.5 qt
Cooling System
Drive Motor Generator Control Module Cooling System
2.7 L
2.9 qt
6.0L V8 Engine Cooling System
17.3 L
18.3 qt
92.7 L
24.5 gal
Fuel Tank
*Transmission fluid capacity is approximate. See Automatic Transmission Fluid on page 10‑6 for information on
checking fluid level.
All capacities are approximate. Recheck fluid level after filling.
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (3,1)
Technical Data
12-3
Engine Specifications
Engine
6.0L V8
Engine Drive Belt Routing
VIN Code
Transmission
Spark Plug Gap
J
Automatic
1.02 mm (0.040 in)
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
12-4
Black plate (4,1)
Technical Data
2 NOTES
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (1,1)
INDEX
A
Appearance Care
Exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-40
Automatic Transmission . . . . . . . . 9-7
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-6
Manual Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-10
B
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-13
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-31
Voltage and Charging
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Brakes
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . .9-16
System Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
C
Canadian Vehicle Owners . . . . . . . . .ii
Capacities and
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Cleaning
Exterior Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-40
Climate Control Systems . . . . . . . 8-1
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Cluster, IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Compressor Kit, Tire
Sealant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-24
Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap, (DMCM) . . . . . . 10-9
Cooling System, (DMCM) . . . . . . 10-9
D
Door
Ajar Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Drive Motor/Generator
Control Module (DMCM)
Coolant Surge Tank
Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-9
Drive Motor/Generator
Control Module (DMCM)
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-9
Driver Information
Center (DIC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
i-1
E
Electrical System
Engine Compartment
Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Engine
Compartment Overview . . . . . . .10-4
Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Drive Belt Routing . . . . . . . . . . . .12-3
Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Running While Parked . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Engine Oil
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Equipment, Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-17
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
i-2
Black plate (2,1)
INDEX
F
H
M
Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-23
Fluid
Automatic Transmission . . . . . .10-6
Four-Wheel Drive
Transfer Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11
Power Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-13
Four-Wheel Drive . . . . . . . 10-14, 9-11
Fuel Economy Gauge . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Fuses
Engine Compartment
Fuse Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Fuses and Circuit
Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Heater
Engine Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Heating and Air Conditioning . . . 8-1
High Voltage Devices and
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Maintenance Schedule
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Scheduled Maintenance . . . . . . 11-1
Transfer Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11
Manual Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10
Messages
Battery Voltage and
Charging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Brake System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Door Ajar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Service Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
G
Gauges
Fuel Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
I
Instrument Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii, 7-1
J
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-31
L
Lights
Charging System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Engine Oil Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
O
Oil
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Pressure Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
Black plate (3,1)
INDEX
i-3
P
S
T
Park
Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
Power
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-13
Scheduled Maintenance . . . . . . . 11-1
Sealant Kit, Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-24
Service
Doing Your Own Work . . . . . . . .10-2
Vehicle Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Shifting
Into Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
Specifications and
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Starting the Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
Fluid, Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-13
Storage
Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Storing the Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit . . . . . . . . . 10-31
Supplement
Using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Tires
If a Tire Goes Flat . . . . . . . . . . 10-23
Inflation Monitor System . . . . 10-18
Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-22
Sealant and
Compressor Kit . . . . . . . . . . . 10-24
Sealant and Compressor
Kit, Storing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-31
Towing
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-17
Recreational Vehicle . . . . . . . . 10-36
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-16
Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-16
Transfer Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11
Transmission
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Fluid, Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-6
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
R
Rear Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Recreational Vehicle
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-36
Regenerative Braking . . . . . . . . . . 9-16
Replacement Parts
Airbags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Replacing Airbag System . . . . . . . 3-1
Rotation, Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-22
Routing, Engine Drive Belt . . . . . 12-3
Running the Vehicle While
Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Cadillac Escalade Hybrid - 2011
i-4
INDEX
U
Using this Supplement . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
V
Vehicle
Canadian Owners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Vehicle Care
Storing the Tire Sealant
and Compressor Kit . . . . . . . 10-31
Tire Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-17
Voltage Devices, and
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
W
Wiring, High Voltage
Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-15
Black plate (4,1)