Specifications | Canon 2539A007 Camera Lens User Manual

EF180mm f/3.5L MACRO USM
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Instruction
Thank you for purchasing a Canon product.
The Canon EF180mm f/3.5L MACRO USM lens
is a high-performance telephoto macro lens for
EOS cameras that can be used for normal
photography and close-up pictures up to 1:1, or
life-size, magnification.
• "USM" stands for Ultrasonic Motor.
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Features
1. The floating system and UD element result in
excellent delineation at all focusing distances
from life-size to infinity.
2. Ultrasonic motor (USM) for quick and quiet
autofocusing.
3. Manual focusing is available after the subject
comes into focus in autofocus mode (ONE
SHOT AF).
4. A Canon macro flash makes it easy to take
close-up pictures with a flash. The inner
focusing mechanism enables AF photography
while the macro flash is attached.
5. The lens is compatible with Extender EF1.4X ll
and EF2X ll.
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Conventions used in this instruction
Warning to prevent lens or camera malfunction
or damage.
Supplementary notes on using the lens and
taking pictures.
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a Safety Precautions
a Safety Precautions
• Do not look at the sun or a bright light source
through the lens or camera. Doing so could result
in loss of vision. Looking at the sun directly through
the lens is especially hazardous.
• Whether it is attached to the camera or not, do
not leave the lens under the sun without the
lens cap attached. This is to prevent the lens from
concentrating the sun’s rays, which could cause a
fire.
Handling Cautions
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This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Do not make any changes or modifications to the equipment
unless otherwise specified in the instructions. If such changes or
modifications should be made, you could be required to stop
operation of the equipment.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in
a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for
help.
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• If the lens is taken from a cold environment into
a warm one, condensation may develop on the
lens surface and internal parts. To prevent
condensation in this case, first put the lens into an
airtight plastic bag before taking it from a cold to
warm environment. Then take out the lens after it
has warmed gradually. Do the same when taking
the lens from a warm environment into a cold one.
• Do not leave the lens in excessive heat such as in
a car in direct sunlight. High temperatures can
cause the lens to malfunction.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
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Nomenclature
Hood mount (→ 5)
Distance scale (→ 6)
Distance index (→ 6)
Depth-of-Field scale (→ 6)
Focus mode switch (→ 4)
Filter mounting
thread (→ 11)
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Lens mount index (→ 4)
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Contacts (→ 4)
Focusing ring (→ 4)
Tripod mount (→ 10)
Focusing distance range selection switch (→ 5)
Orientation locking knob (→ 10)
For detailed information, reference page numbers are provided in parentheses (→ **).
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1. Mounting and Detaching the Lens
2. Setting the Focus Mode
See your camera’s instructions for details on
mounting and detaching the lens.
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• After detaching the lens, place the lens with the
rear end up to prevent the lens surface and
electrical contacts from getting scratched.
• If the contacts get soiled, scratched, or have
fingerprints on them, corrosion or faulty
connections can result. The camera and lens
may not operate properly.
• If the contacts get soiled or have fingerprints on
them, clean them with a soft cloth.
• If you remove the lens, cover it with the dust
cap. To attach it properly, align the lens mount
index and the K index of the dust cap as shown
in the diagram, and turn clockwise. To remove it,
reverse the order.
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To shoot in autofocus (AF) mode, set the focus
mode switch to AF.
To use only manual focusing (MF), set the focus
mode switch to MF, and focus by turning the
focusing ring. The focusing ring always works,
regardless of the focus mode.
After autofocusing in ONE SHOT AF mode, focus
manually by pressing the shutter button halfway
and turning the focusing ring. (Full-time manual
focus)
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3. Switching the Focusing
Distance Range
4. Hood
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You can set the focusing distance range to
0.48 m/1.6 ft. to infinity or 1.5 m/4.9 ft. to infinity.
By setting the suitable focusing distance range,
the actual autofocusing time can be shorter.
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If you autofocus outside the set focusing distance
range, the lens may stop focusing at the start of
the focusing range; however, this is not a
malfunction. Press the shutter release button
halfway again.
The ET-78 II hood can keep unwanted light out
of the lens, and also protects the front of the lens
from rain, snow, and dust.
Attach and align the hood to the hood mount on
the front of the lens, and turn the hood as shown
by the arrow to secure it.
The hood can be reverse-mounted on the lens
for storage.
• Part of the picture may be blocked if the hood is
not attached properly.
• When attaching or detaching the hood, grasp
the base of the hood to turn it. To prevent
deformation, do not grasp the rim of the hood to
turn it.
• Remove the hood when using the macro flash.
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5. Infinity Compensation
Mark
6. Depth-of-Field Scale
Infinity compensation mark
Distance index
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To compensate for shifting of the infinity focus
point that results from changes in temperature.
The infinity position at normal temperature is the
point at which the vertical line of the L mark is
aligned with the distance indicator on the
distance scale.
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For accurate manual focusing on subjects at
infinity distance, look through the viewfinder while
rotating the focusing ring.
The depth of field is the distance in front of and
behind the plane of focus on the subject that
appears sharp. The depth of field is indicated by
the area between the depth-of-field scale lines
below the distance scale.
The number on the scale is the F value.
The depth-of-field scale is an approximate
indicator.
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7. Picture Taking
3. Focus the subject.
While looking through the viewfinder, move the
camera forward or back to find the point of
focus.
4. Touch up the focus.
Turn the focusing ring for fine focusing.
Normal Photography
The lens can be used as a telephoto lens for
normal photography.
Closeup Photography
Close-up photos (minimum focusing distance of
0.48m) up to 1x (life-size) magnification are
possible. The minimum focusing distance is the
distance from the subject to the film plane. The
distance from the front of the lens to the subject
(working distance) is about 0.25m.
When focusing, you can give priority to framing
or to magnification.
[Framing Priority]
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While looking through the viewfinder and framing
the subject, focus with the AF or MF mode.
[Magnification Priority]
1. Set the lens’ focus mode switch to MF.
2. Set the magnification.
While referring to the magnification scale on
the lens, turn the focusing ring to the desired
magnification.
Since macro shots have a very shallow depth of
field, focus carefully to obtain proper sharpness.
• Image quality deteriorates near the minimum
aperture opening due to diffraction.
• The magnification refers to the ratio between the
subject’s size and the corresponding image size
on the focal plane. On the distance index, it is
indicated as 1:x.
• To prevent camera shake, using a Remote
Switch (both sold separately) and tripod is
recommended.
• To check the depth of field, press the camera’s
depth-of-field preview button.
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8. About Exposure
Setting the Exposure
When taking photographs using TTL
metering, no exposure compensation is
necessary to meter the light coming through
the lens.
With TTL metering, AE (autoexposure) is
possible at all focusing distances. Just set the
desired picture-taking mode, then check the
shutter speed and aperture before taking the
picture.
Magnification and Effective f-number
1:10 1:5
1:3
Effective f/No.
3.8
4
4.3
–
–
+3
2
+3
2
+1 +1 3 +1 3
–
1
2
1
2
+1
Exposure
1
in 3 stops
1
2
Factor (stops) in stops
–
+
1:2 1:1.5 1:1.2 1:1
4.7
+
5
5.4
5.8
1
1
1
+1 +1 2
• The correct exposure for a close-up shot largely
depends on the subject. Therefore, it is
recommended to take several shots of the same
subject at different exposures.
• When taking close-up shots, it is recommended
to use aperture-priority AE (Av) or Manual (M)
picture-taking modes, because depth of field
and exposure are easy to adjust in those
modes.
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The aperture displayed by the camera assumes
that the focus is set to infinity. The actual
aperture (effective f-number) becomes darker
(effective f-number increases) at closer focusing
distances (magnification increases). This does
not cause exposure problems for normal picturetaking. However, for closeup photography, you
cannot ignore the change in the effective fnumber.
When you use a handheld exposure meter to
set the exposure, you must take into account
the exposure factor shown in the following
table.
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Magnification
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9. Macro Flash
(Sold Separately)
The Canon Macro Ring Lite MR-14EX or the
Macro Twin Lite MT-24EX enables fully automatic
macro flash photography up to 1x magnification
in E-TTL autoflash mode.
Install the Macro Lite Adapter 72C (sold
separately) on the filter mounting thread on the
front of the lens for macro flash photography.
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For normal photography, remove the Macro Lite
Adapter, because it may create a dark
circumference.
• For information on operating the Canon Macro
Ring Lite MR-14EX or the Macro Twin Lite MT24EX, refer to the individual instruction booklets.
• Using aperture-priority AE (Av) or Manual (M) is
recommended.
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10. Using the Tripod Mount
Adjusting the Revolving Mount
You can loosen the orientation lock-knob on the tripod mount to allow it to rotate as needed to fit a
particular camera model for switching between vertical and horizontal positions.
Detaching
First remove the lens from the camera and then remove the tripod mount from the lens as shown
below. To attach the tripod mount, reverse the procedure.
Loosen the orientation
locking knob.
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Rotate the tripod mount and
align the mounting indicator
on the tripod mount with the
one on the lens.
Slide off the tripod collar
away from the rear of the
lens.
If the foot of the tripod mount overlaps the switch, loosen the orientation locking knob on the tripod mount to
move the foot.
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11. Filters
12. Extension Tubes
(Sold separately)
(Sold separately)
You can attach filters to the filter mounting thread
on the front of the lens.
• If you need a polarizing filter, use the Canon
Circular Polarizing Filter (72mm).
• To adjust the polarizing filter, first remove the
lens hood.
You can attach Extension Tube EF12 II or EF25
II for magnified shots. The shooting distance and
magnification are shown below.
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EF12 II
EF25 II
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Camera-to-Subject
Distance (mm)
Near
Far
477
2930
480
1501
Magnification
Near
1.09×
1.21×
Far
0.07×
0.15×
Manual focusing is recommended for accurate
focusing.
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13. Extenders
(Sold separately)
With Extender EF1.4X ll or EF2X ll attached, the lens specifications will change as follows:
Item
With EF1.4X ll Extender
Focal length (mm)
Aperture
Angle of view
With EF2X ll Extender
252
360
in
1
3
stops
f/5 – 45
f/7.1 – 64
in
1
2
stops
f/4.5 – 45
f/6.7 – 64
Diagonal
9°50’
6°50’
Vertical
5°30’
3°50’
Horizontal
8°10’
5°40’
1.4
2.0
Maximum magnification (×)
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• First attach the Extender to the lens, then attach the lens to the camera. Detach it from the
camera in the reverse order. If you attach the lens to the camera first, misoperation may
occur.
• With the EF1.4X II Extender attached, autofocusing is enabled from 0.8 m/2.6 ft. to infinity.
Autofocus mode cannot be used to take pictures closer than 0.8 m/2.6 ft. due to the relation
with the effective F value, so use manual focusing.
• If you use an Extender on the lens mounted on a EOS A2/A2E/5, set the exposure
compensation to -1/2 stop for the EF1.4X ll or -1 stop for the EF2X ll.
• Only one Extender can be attached to the lens and camera.
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14. Close-up Lenses
(Sold separately)
Attaching a 500D (72mm) Close-up Lens
enables close-up photography.
Magnification will be 1.48× – 0.36×.
• Close-up Lens 250D cannot be attached
because there is no size that fits the lens.
• Manual focusing is recommended for accurate
focusing.
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Specifications
Focal Length & Max. Aperture
180 mm, f/3.5
Lens Construction
14 elements in 12 groups
Min. Aperture
f/32
Angle of View
Diagonal: 13°40’
Min. Focusing Distance
0.48 m / 1.6 ft.
Max. Magnification
1×
Field of view
24 × 36 mm / 0.9 × 1.4 inch (at 0.48 m)
Filter Diameter
72 mm
Max. Diameter & Length
82.5 × 186.6 mm / 3.2 × 7.3 inch
Weight
1090 g / 38.4 oz
Lens Hood
ET-78 II
Lens Cap
E-72U/E-72 II
Case
LZ1324
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Vertical: 7°40’
Horizontal: 11°25’
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• The lens length is measured from the mount surface to the front end of the lens.
Add 21.5 mm to include the E-72U lens cap and dust cap, and 24.2 mm for the E-72 II.
• The size and weight listed are for the lens only, except as indicated.
• Aperture settings are specified on the camera.
• All data listed is measured according to Canon standards.
• Product specifications and appearance are subject to change without notice.
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CT1-8503-004
0812Ni
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© CANON INC. 2002
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