User guide | Canon 4343B001 Digital Camera User Manual

USER GUIDE
®
Trimble 5700/5800 GPS Receiver
Version 2.23
Revision A
Part Number 43952-10-ENG
April 2005
F
Contact Details
Trimble Navigation Limited
Engineering & Construction Division
5475 Kellenburger Road
Dayton, Ohio 45424-1099
USA
800-538-7800 (toll free in USA)
+1-937-245-5600 Phone
+1-937-233-9004 Fax
www.trimble.com
Copyright and Trademarks
© 2001-2005, Trimble Navigation Limited. All rights reserved.
Trimble, the Globe & Triangle logo, and GPS Total Station are
trademarks of Trimble Navigation Limited, registered in the
United States Patent and Trademark Office and in other
countries. eRTK, GPS Configurator, Micro-Centred,
QuickPlan, SiteNet, Trimble Geomatics Office, Trimble
Survey Controller, Trimble Survey Pro, TRIMMARK,
TRIMTALK, TSC1, TSCe, Zephyr, and Zephyr Geodetic are
trademarks of Trimble Navigation Limited. The Bluetooth
word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc.
and any use of such marks by Trimble Navigation Limited is
under license.
Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are either registered
trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the
United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
Release Notice
This is the April 2005 release (Revision A) of the 5700/5800
GPS Receiver User Guide. It applies to version 2.23 of the
Trimble 5700/5800 GPS receiver.
The following limited warranties give you specific legal
rights. You may have others, which vary from
state/jurisdiction to state/jurisdiction.
Hardware Limited Warranty
Trimble Navigation Limited warrants that this hardware
product (the “Product”) will perform substantially in
accordance with published specifications and be
substantially free of defects in material and workmanship for
a period of one (1) year starting from the date of delivery. The
warranty set forth in this paragraph shall not apply to
software products.
Software License, Limited Warranty
This Trimble software product, whether provided as a standalone computer software product, built into hardware
circuitry as firmware, embedded in flash memory, or stored
on magnetic or other media, (the “Software”) is licensed and
not sold, and its use is governed by the terms of the relevant
End User License Agreement (“EULA”) included with the
Software. In the absence of a separate EULA included with
the Software providing different limited warranty terms,
exclusions and limitations, the following terms and
conditions shall apply. Trimble warrants that this Trimble
Software product will substantially conform to Trimble’s
applicable published specifications for the Software for a
period of ninety (90) days, starting from the date of delivery.
Warranty Remedies
Trimble's sole liability and your exclusive remedy under the
warranties set forth above shall be, at Trimble’s option, to
repair or replace any Product or Software that fails to
conform to such warranty ("Nonconforming Product") or
refund the purchase price paid by you for any such
Nonconforming Product, upon your return of any
Nonconforming Product to Trimble in accordance with
Trimble’s standard return material authorization procedures.
Warranty Exclusions and Disclaimer
These warranties shall be applied only in the event and to the
extent that (i) the Products and Software are properly and
correctly installed, configured, interfaced, maintained,
stored, and operated in accordance with Trimble's relevant
operator's manual and specifications, and; (ii) the Products
and Software are not modified or misused. The preceding
warranties shall not apply to, and Trimble shall not be
responsible for defects or performance problems resulting
from (i) the combination or utilization of the Product or
Software with hardware or software products, information,
data, systems, interfaces or devices not made, supplied or
specified by Trimble; (ii) the operation of the Product or
Software under any specification other than, or in addition
to, Trimble's standard specifications for its products; (iii) the
unauthorized, installation, modification, or use of the
Product or Software; (iv) damage caused by accident,
lightning or other electrical discharge, fresh or salt water
immersion or spray; or (v) normal wear and tear on
consumable parts (e.g., batteries). Trimble does not warrant
or guarantee the results obtained through the use of the
Product.
THE WARRANTIES ABOVE STATE TRIMBLE'S ENTIRE
LIABILITY, AND YOUR EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES, RELATING
TO PERFORMANCE OF THE PRODUCTS AND SOFTWARE.
EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN,
THE PRODUCTS, SOFTWARE, AND ACCOMPANYING
DOCUMENTATION AND MATERIALS ARE PROVIDED “ASIS” AND WITHOUT EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
ANY KIND BY EITHER TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED OR
ANYONE WHO HAS BEEN INVOLVED IN ITS CREATION,
PRODUCTION, INSTALLATION , OR DISTRIBUTION
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE, AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
THE STATED EXPRESS WARRANTIES ARE IN LIEU OF ALL
OBLIGATIONS OR LIABILITIES ON THE PART OF TRIMBLE
ARISING OUT OF, OR IN CONNECTION WITH, ANY
PRODUCTS OR SOFTWARE. SOME STATES AND
JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON
DURATION OR THE EXCLUSION OF AN IMPLIED
WARRANTY, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY
TO YOU.
TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR
THE OPERATION OR FAILURE OF OPERATION OF GPS
SATELLITES OR THE AVAILABILITY OF GPS SATELLITE
SIGNALS.
Limitation of Liability
TRIMBLE’S ENTIRE LIABILITY UNDER ANY PROVISION
HEREIN SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT PAID BY
YOU FOR THE PRODUCT OR SOFTWARE LICENSE. TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IN
NO EVENT SHALL TRIMBLE OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE
FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER UNDER ANY
CIRCUMSTANCE OR LEGAL THEORY RELATING IN ANY
WAY TO THE PRODUCTS, SOFTWARE AND
ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTATION AND MATERIALS,
(INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS
OF BUSINESS PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION , LOSS OF
BUSINESS INFORMATION , OR ANY OTHER PECUNIARY
LOSS), REGARDLESS WHETHER TRIMBLE HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF ANY SUCH LOSS AND
REGARDLESS OF THE COURSE OF DEALING WHICH
DEVELOPS OR HAS DEVELOPED BETWEEN YOU AND
TRIMBLE. BECAUSE SOME STATES AND JURISDICTIONS
DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL
DAMAGES, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO
YOU.
NOTE: THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY PROVISIONS MAY
NOT APPLY TO PRODUCTS OR SOFTWARE PURCHASED IN
THE EUROPEAN UNION . PLEASE CONTACT YOUR
TRIMBLE DEALER FOR APPLICABLE WARRANTY
INFORMATION .
Regulations and Safety
The Bluetooth module inside your 5800 receiver is a radiomodem transmitter and receiver.
Regulations regarding the use of the radio-modems vary
greatly from country to country. In some countries, the unit
can be used without obtaining an end-user license. Other
countries require end-user licensing. Consult your local
communications governing agency for licensing information.
Before operating a 5800 receiver, determine if authorization
or a license to operate the unit is required in your country. It
is the responsibility of the end user to obtain an operator’s
permit or license for the 5800 radio-modem for the location
or country of use.
STATEMENT ACCORDING FCC PART 15.19
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
STATEMENT ACCORDING FCC PART 15.21
Modifications not expressly approved by Trimble could void
the user's authority to operate the equipment.
STATEMENT ACCORDING FCC PART 15.105
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with
the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more
of the following measures:
– Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
– Increase the separation between the equipment and
receiver.
– Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different
from that to which the receiver is connected.
-- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician
for help.
Type Approval
Type approval, or acceptance, covers technical parameters of
the equipment related to emissions that can cause
interference. Type approval is granted to the manufacturer of
the transmission equipment, independent from the operation
or licensing of the units. Some countries have unique
technical requirements for operation in particular radiomodem frequency bands. To comply with those
requirements, Trimble may have modified your equipment
to be granted Type approval. Unauthorized modification of
the units voids the Type approval, the warranty, and the
operational license of the equipment.
Safety
EXPOSURE TO RADIO FREQUENCY RADIATION
The radiated output power of the internal Bluetooth wireless
radio is far below the FCC radio frequency exposure limits.
Nevertheless, the wireless radio shall be used in such a
manner that the 5800 receiver is 2.0cm or further from the
human body. The internal wireless radio operates within
guidelines found in radio frequency safety standards and
recommendations, which reflect the consensus of the
scientific community. Trimble therefore believes the internal
wireless radio is safe for use by consumers. The level of
energy emitted is far less than the electromagnetic energy
emitted by wireless devices such as mobile phones. However,
the use of wireless radios may be restricted in some
situations or environments, such as aboard airplanes. If you
are unsure of restrictions, you are encouraged to ask for
authorization before turning on the wireless radio.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Safety Information
Before you use the Trimble® 5700 or 5800 GPS receiver , make sure that
you have read and understood this publication, as well as all safety
requirements.
0.1
Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries
These receivers use a rechargeable Lithium-ion battery.
C
WARNING – Do not damage the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery. A
damaged battery can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in
personal injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not use or charge the battery if it appears to be damaged. Signs of
damage include, but are not limited to, discoloration, warping, and leaking
battery fluid.
– Do not expose the battery to fire, high temperature, or direct sunlight.
– Do not immerse the battery in water.
– Do not use or store the battery inside a vehicle during hot weather.
– Do not drop or puncture the battery.
– Do not open the battery or short-circuit its contacts.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
v
Safety Information
vi
C
WARNING – Avoid contact with the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery if it
appears to be leaking. Battery fluid is corrosive, and contact with it can
result in personal injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– If the battery leaks, avoid contact with the battery fluid.
– If battery fluid gets into your eyes, immediately rinse your eyes with
clean water and seek medical attention. Do not rub your eyes!
– If battery fluid gets onto your skin or clothing, immediately use clean
water to wash off the battery fluid.
C
WARNING – Charge and use the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery only in
strict accordance with the instructions. Charging or using the battery in
unauthorized equipment can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in
personal injury and/or equipment damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not charge or use the battery if it appears to be damaged or leaking.
– Charge the Lithium-ion battery only in a Trimble product that is specified
to charge it. Be sure to follow all instructions that are provided with the
battery charger.
– Discontinue charging a battery that gives off extreme heat or a burning
odor.
– Use the battery only in Trimble equipment that is specified to use it.
– Use the battery only for its intended use and according to the
instructions in the product documentation.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Contents
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Related Information 1
Technical Assistance 2
Your Comments 2
5700 GPS RECEIVER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Use and Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
COCOM Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
3
Setting up the Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Parts of the Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Top panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bottom panel . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental conditions . . . . .
Sources of electrical interference .
General guidelines . . . . . . . . . .
Postprocessed Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 10
. 10
. 11
. 12
. 14
. 15
. 16
. 16
. 17
. 17
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
v ii
Contents
Pole-Mounted Setup . . . . .
Backpack Setup . . . . . . . .
Other System Components .
Radios . . . . . . . . . .
Cellular modems . . .
Antennas . . . . . . . .
CompactFlash cards .
4
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 19
. 25
. 28
. 28
. 30
. 32
. 33
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 36
. 37
. 38
. 38
. 38
. 39
. 39
. 39
. 40
. 41
. 41
. 42
. 42
. 44
. 46
. 47
. 48
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Receiver in Real Time . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Receiver Using Application Files .
Application Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special application files . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v ii i
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
General Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Button Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LED Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging/Memory LED. . . . . . . .
SV Tracking LED . . . . . . . . . . .
Radio LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery 1 LED and Battery 2 LED .
Starting and Stopping the Receiver . . . .
Logging Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging internally . . . . . . . . . .
Logging to a Trimble controller . .
Resetting to Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting a CompactFlash Card. . . . .
Power Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating with the controller . . .
Power output . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 51
. 52
. 52
. 52
. 53
Contents
Timed application files . .
Applying application files .
Storing application files . .
Naming application files .
6
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 55
. 57
. 57
. 57
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 59
. 60
. 62
. 62
. 64
. 64
Software Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
The GPS Configurator Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the 5700 receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The WinFlash Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the WinFlash software . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrading firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding frequencies for the 450 MHz internal radio
Configuring the internal 900 MHz radio setup . . .
8
.
.
.
.
Transferring Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting to the Office Computer . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transferring Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transferring Files Directly from a CompactFlash Card
Deleting Files in the Receiver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supported File Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 66
. 66
. 67
. 67
. 67
. 69
. 71
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Physical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Positioning Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
9
Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Default Settings . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting to Factory Defaults. .
Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default behavior . . . . .
Power up settings. . . . .
Logging after power loss
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 78
. 80
. 80
. 80
. 81
. 81
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
ix
Contents
Disabling logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Application files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
10
Cables and Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Port 1, 2, and 3 Connectors .
Power/serial data cable . . .
Event Marker/1PPS Cable. .
GPS Antennas and Cables. .
11
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 86
. 88
. 88
. 90
Event Marker Input and 1PPS Output . . . . . . . . 93
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Event Marker Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling and configuring event marker input .
1PPS Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1PPS pulse definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASCII time tag definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling and configuring 1PPS output . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. 93
. 93
. 94
. 95
. 95
. 96
. 97
5800 GPS RECEIVER. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
12
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Use and Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
COCOM Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
13
Setting up the Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Parts of the Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lower housing. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental conditions . . . . .
Sources of electrical interference .
General guidelines . . . . . . . . . .
x
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
106
106
107
108
108
109
109
Contents
Pole-Mounted Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other System Components . . . . . . . . . . .
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cellular modems and external radios
14
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
110
111
111
112
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
116
117
117
118
118
118
119
119
120
122
122
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Configuring the Receiver in Real Time . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Receiver Using Application Files .
Application Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special application files . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Applying application files . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storing application files . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Naming application files . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
.
.
.
.
General Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Button Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LED Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LED flash patterns . . . . . . . . .
Starting and Stopping the Receiver . . .
Logging Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging internally . . . . . . . . .
Logging to a Trimble controller .
Resetting to Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . .
Batteries and Power . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power output . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
124
124
125
126
127
128
128
Software Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
The GPS Configurator Software . . . . .
Installing GPS Configurator . . .
Configuring the 5800 receiver . .
The WinFlash Software . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the WinFlash software
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
130
130
130
131
131
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
xi
Contents
Upgrading firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Adding frequencies for the 450 MHz internal radio . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Configuring the internal 900 MHz radio setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
17
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Physical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Positioning Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
18
Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Default Settings . . . . . . . . .
Resetting to Factory Defaults.
Default behavior . . . .
Power up settings. . . .
19
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
144
145
145
146
Cables and Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Port 1 and 2 Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Power/Serial Data Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
APPENDIXES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A
NMEA-0183 Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
NMEA-0183 Outputs . . . . . .
Common Message Elements .
Message values . . . . .
NMEA Messages . . . . . . . .
B
153
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
156
158
158
159
RTCM Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
RTCM Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Message Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
C
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
x ii
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
1
Introduction
1
Welcome to the 5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide. This manual
describes how to install, set up, and use the Trimble® 5700 and 5800
GPS receivers.
Even if you have used other Global Positioning System (GPS) products
before, Trimble recommends that you spend some time reading this
manual to learn about the special features of this product.
If you are not familiar with GPS, visit our website for an interactive look
at Trimble and GPS at:
•
www.trimble.com
Trimble assumes that you are familiar with the Microsoft® Windows®
operating system and know how to use a mouse, select options from
menus and dialogs, make selections from lists, and refer to online help.
Related Information
An electronic copy of this manual is available in portable document
format (PDF) on the Trimble R7, Trimble R8, 5700, and 5800 GPS
Receivers CD. Use Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the contents of this
file.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1
1
Introduction
Other sources of related information are:
•
Release notes – the release notes describe new features of the
product, information not included in the manual, and any
changes to the manual. They are provided as a PDF on the
Trimble R7, Trimble R8, 5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD. Use
Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the contents of the release notes.
•
Registration – register your receiver to automatically receive
e-mail notifications of 5700/5800 receiver firmware upgrades
and new functionality. To register, do one of the following:
–
Run the Trimble R7, Trimble R8, 5700, and 5800 GPS
Receivers CD.
–
Register electronically through the internet.
–
Print the registration form that is on the Trimble R7, Trimble
R8, 5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD, fill it in, and fax or mail
it to the address shown.
Contact your local Trimble Dealer for more information about
the support agreement contracts for software and firmware, and
an extended warranty program for hardware.
•
Trimble training courses – consider a training course to help you
use your GPS system to its fullest potential. For more
information, visit the Trimble website at
www.trimble.com/training.html
Technical Assistance
If you have a problem and cannot find the information you need in the
product documentation, contact your local Dealer. Alternatively, request
technical support using the Trimble website at:
www.trimble.com/support.html
Your Comments
Your feedback about the supporting documentation helps us to
improve it with each revision. E-mail your comments to
ReaderFeedback@trimble.com.
2
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
SECTION
I
I
5700 GPS RECEIVER
5700 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
4
5700 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
2
Overview
2
In this chapter:
Q
Features
Q
Use and Care
Q
COCOM Limits
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5
2
Overview
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
This chapter introduces the 5700 receiver, which is designed for GPS
surveying applications. The receiver features one-touch logging for ease
of use, and five LEDs that let you monitor the survey in progress and
the available battery capacity.
The 5700 receiver tracks GPS satellites on both the L1 and L2
frequencies to provide precise position data for land survey
applications. The receiver records GPS data on an internal
CompactFlash card and makes all data available through serial or USB
ports.
You can use the 5700 receiver alone by logging data internally, or as part
of the GPS Total Station® 5700 system, which logs GPS data from the
5700 receiver to a Trimble controller running the Trimble Survey
Controller™ or Trimble Survey Pro™ software.
2.1
Features
The receiver provides the following features:
6
•
Centimeter-accuracy real-time positioning with RTK/OTF data,
and up to 10 Hz position updates
•
Submeter-accuracy real-time positioning using pseudorange
corrections
•
Adaptive dual-frequency RTK engine
•
WAAS/EGNOS capability (Wide Area Augmentation
System/European Geo-Stationary Navigation System
•
Automatic OTF (on-the-fly) initialization while moving
•
1PPS (One Pulse Per Second) output
•
Dual event-marker input
•
USB port for data transfer
•
Type I CompactFlash card for data storage
•
Internal charging of batteries (no external battery charger
required)
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Overview
•
2.2
Three RS-232 serial ports for:
–
NMEA output
–
RTCM SC-104 input and output
–
Trimble Format (CMR) input and output
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
•
2
Two TNC ports for connecting to the GPS and radio antennas
Use and Care
The 5700 receiver is designed to withstand the rough treatment that
typically occurs in the field. However, the receiver is a high-precision
electronic instrument and should be treated with reasonable care.
C
WARNING – Operating or storing the 5700 receiver outside the specified
temperature range can damage it. For more information, see Physical
specifications, page 74.
High-power signals from a nearby radio or radar transmitter can
overwhelm the receiver circuits. This does not harm the instrument,
but it can prevent the receiver electronics from functioning correctly.
Avoid using the receiver within 400 meters of powerful radar, television,
or other transmitters. Low-power transmitters such as those used in
cellphones and two-way radios normally do not interfere with 5700
receiver operations.
For more information, see the Trimble technical note Using Radio
Communication Systems with GPS Surveying Receivers.
2.3
COCOM Limits
The U.S. Department of Commerce requires that all exportable GPS
products contain performance limitations so that they cannot be used
in a manner that could threaten the security of the United States. The
following limitations are implemented on the 5700 receiver.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
7
2
Overview
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Immediate access to satellite measurements and navigation results is
disabled when the receiver’s velocity is computed to be greater than
1000 knots, or its altitude is computed to be above 18,000 meters. The
receiver continuously resets until the COCOM situation is cleared.
8
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
3
Setting up the Receiver
3
In this chapter:
Q
Parts of the Receiver
Q
Setup Guidelines
Q
Postprocessed Setup
Q
Pole-Mounted Setup
Q
Backpack Setup
Q
Other System Components
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
9
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3
Setting up the Receiver
This chapter provides general setup information, connection
information, and cabling diagrams for the most common uses of the
5700 receiver.
3.1
Parts of the Receiver
All operating controls, ports, and connectors on the 5700 receiver are
located on its four main panels, as shown in Figure 3.1. This section
provides a brief overview of the features of each of these panels.
Top
panel
Front
panel
Rear
panel
Bottom
panel
Figure 3.1
31.1
Panels on the 5700 receiver
Front panel
Figure 3.2 shows the front panel of the 5700 receiver. This panel
contains the five indicator LEDs, the two buttons, and the catch for the
CompactFlash/USB door.
10
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
t
2
3
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
Buttons
3
t
2
CompactFlash/
USB door catch
Figure 3.2
3
Indicator LEDs
Front panel
The two buttons control data logging, data management, power, and
settings. For more information, see Button Functions, page 36.
The indicator LEDs show the status of logging, power, satellite tracking,
and radio reception. For more information, see LED Behavior, page 37.
31.2
Rear panel
Figure 3.3 shows the rear panel of the 5700 receiver. This panel contains
a slot for attaching the receiver catch lock, and the catches for the two
battery compartments on the bottom panel. The catch lock should
already be attached to your receiver.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
11
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3
Setting up the Receiver
Receiver
catch lock
Battery
compartment
catches
Figure 3.3
Rear panel
To mount the receiver on a pole, you need to attach the receiver bracket
to the pole and then insert the catch lock into the bracket. For more
information, see Pole-Mounted Setup, page 19.
31.3
Top panel
Figure 3.4 shows the top panel of the 5700 receiver. This panel contains
the three power/serial data ports and (TNC) ports for GPS and radio
antenna connections.
12
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
Power/serial data ports
1
2
1
3
2
RADIO
GPS
GPS antenna
Radio antenna
TNC ports
Figure 3.4
Top panel
Each port on the top panel is marked with an icon to indicate its main
function.
Table 3.1
Icon
5700 receiver ports
Name
Connections
Port 1
Trimble controller, event marker, or computer
Port 2
Power in, computer, 1PPS, or event marker
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
13
3
Setting up the Receiver
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 3.1
Icon
5700 receiver ports
Name
Connections
Port 3
External radio, power in
GPS
GPS antenna
RADIO
Radio communications antenna
The power/serial data ports are all 7 pin 0-shell Lemo connectors. Both
Port 2 and Port 3 can accept external power. For more information, see
Default Settings, page 78. For more information, see Cables and
Connectors, page 85.
The TNC port connectors are color-coded for easy system setup.
Connect the yellow GPS antenna cable to the yellow TNC port marked
GPS, and connect the blue Range Pole antenna (RPA) cable to the blue
TNC connector marked RADIO. For more information, see the
following sections in this chapter.
31.4
Bottom panel
Figure 3.5 shows the bottom panel of the 5700 receiver. This panel
contains the USB port, the CompactFlash port, and the compartments
for the two internal batteries.
14
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
CompactFlash/
USB door
CompactFlash port
Internal battery
USB port
Internal battery
compartment
Figure 3.5
Bottom panel
The CompactFlash/USB door conceals the CompactFlash port and
USB port. To open the door, push the catch on the front panel down.
C
3.2
WARNING – When no USB cable is connected, or when using the receiver
in a harsh environment, keep this door closed to keep moisture, dust, and
dirt out of the ports. The temperature rating of the receiver applies only
when all doors on the receiver are closed.
Setup Guidelines
Consider the following guidelines when setting up the 5700 receiver.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
15
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3
32.1
Setting up the Receiver
Environmental conditions
Although the 5700 receiver has a waterproof housing, reasonable care
should be taken to keep the unit dry. Avoid exposure to extreme
environmental conditions, including:
•
Water
•
Heat greater than 65° C (149° F)
•
Cold less than –40° C (–40° F)
•
Corrosive fluids and gases
Avoiding these conditions improves the 5700 receiver’s performance
and long-term reliability.
32.2
Sources of electrical interference
Avoid the following sources of electrical and magnetic noise:
16
•
Gasoline engines (spark plugs)
•
Televisions and computer monitors
•
Alternators and generators
•
Electric motors
•
Equipment with DC-to-AC converters
•
Fluorescent lights
•
Switching power supplies
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
32.3
3
General guidelines
C
WARNING – 5700 and 5800 GPS receivers use a rechargeable Lithium-ion
battery. To avoid personal injury or equipment damage, make sure that
you read and understand the Safety Information chapter at the front of
this manual.
The following guidelines apply whenever you set up your receiver for
operation:
3.3
•
When plugging in a Lemo cable, make sure that the red dots on
the receiver port and the cable connector line up. Do not use
force to plug cables in, as this may damage the connector pins.
•
When disconnecting a Lemo cable, grasp the cable by the sliding
collar or lanyard and pull the cable connector straight out of the
port. Do not twist the connector or pull on the cable itself.
•
To securely connect a TNC cable, align the cable connector with
the receiver receptacle and thread the cable connector onto the
receptacle until snug.
•
Insert the internal batteries with the battery contacts facing the
CompactFlash/USB door. The undersides of the batteries have a
center groove for alignment when being inserted into the
receiver.
Postprocessed Setup
For a postprocessed survey, you only need:
•
the 5700 receiver
•
a Zephyr™ or Zephyr Geodetic™ antenna
•
a GPS antenna cable
Other equipment, as described below, is optional.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
17
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
3
Setting up the Receiver
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
To set up the 5700 receiver for a postprocessed survey:
1.
Set up the tripod with the tribrach and antenna adapter over the
survey mark.
Instead of a tripod, you can use a range pole with a bipod.
However, Trimble recommends that you use a tripod for greater
stability.
2.
Mount the antenna on the tribrach adapter.
3.
Use the tripod clip to hang the 5700 receiver on the tripod.
4.
Connect the yellow GPS antenna cable to the Zephyr antenna.
5.
Connect the other end of the GPS antenna cable to the yellow
TNC port on the 5700 receiver.
6.
If external power is required, connect a battery with an 0-shell
Lemo connection to Port 2 or Port 3 on the receiver.
Figure 3.6 shows the 5700 receiver postprocessed setup.
18
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
t
2
Figure 3.6
3
Postprocessed setup
Note – Instead of hanging the receiver on the tripod, you can place the
receiver in its base case. Run the antenna cable out of the portal in the side
of the base case to the antenna so that the case can stay closed while the
receiver is running.
3.1
Pole-Mounted Setup
To mount the 5700 receiver on a pole, you need to do the following:
1.
Mount the eRTK™ Range Pole antenna (RPA).
2.
Mount the 5700 receiver.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
19
3
Setting up the Receiver
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3.
Mount the Trimble controller.
This section provides detailed instructions on each of these three steps.
Mounting the Range Pole antenna (RPA)
To mount the RPA on the pole:
1.
Install the RPA bracket 7.5 cm (3") from the pole top by placing
the two pieces together and securing with screws. If you are
using a 1" diameter pole, place the bracket inserts inside the
bracket before securing.
Note – You can use a quarter-wave whip (“rubber duck”)
antenna attached directly to the receiver instead of the RPA.
2.
Connect the yellow TNC-to-TNC GPS cable and run it through
the RPA bracket clips where it is labeled on the bracket. Make
sure that the right-angle connector is at the top.
Note – The cable must be routed inside the RPA, through the
bracket, or it will affect the RPA radio reception performance.
3.
Align the TNC connector on the RPA with the GPS antenna cable
on the bracket, and while feeding the cable through the RPA,
slide the RPA onto the bracket until it clicks.
Figure 2.7 shows the 5700 receiver pole-mounted setup.
20
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
GPS antenna
cable
DO
NO
UT
SE
RO
EM
NU
T
SI
R
LE
UT
EC
E IV E R
BLE O N O
S ONLY
E CA
TNC port
(aligned over
antenna cable)
A
RPA
B
RPA
bracket
Pole
Figure 3.7
RPA and bracket
4.
Mount the Zephyr antenna on the range pole.
5.
Connect the GPS antenna cable. Make sure that the GPS cable is
not hanging over the top of the RPA.
6.
Connect the blue TNC-to-TNC radio cable to the RPA.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
21
3
Setting up the Receiver
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Mounting the 5700 receiver
To mount the 5700 receiver on the pole:
1.
Attach the receiver bracket to the pole:
a.
Place the bracket against the pole, approximately 0.5 m
from the ground.
Note – If you are using a 1" diameter pole, flip the black
insert around inside the bracket, as shown in Figure 3.8.
11/4" pole
Bracket insert
1" pole
Figure 3.8
22
Receiver bracket insert
b.
Close the gates of the bracket around the pole.
c.
Seat the base of the clip lock in the opposite gate.
d.
Lock the clip lock.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Bracket
3
If the clip lock is too tight to be locked, turn it one or two
turns counterclockwise and try again. If it is too loose, turn
it one or two turns clockwise and try to lock it again.
2.
Mount the 5700 receiver on the bracket:
a.
Pull the bracket side locks in towards the pole.
b.
Set the receiver catch lock in the bracket.
c.
Holding the receiver in the bracket, pull the side locks back
to their original positions, as shown in Figure 3.9.
Gates
Clip lock
Side locks
Figure 3.9
5700 receiver bracket
3.
Connect the blue TNC radio communications cable to the blue
TNC port on the receiver. If necessary, adjust the position of the
receiver to remove cable slack.
4.
Connect the yellow TNC GPS antenna cable to the yellow TNC
port on the receiver. If necessary, adjust the position of the
receiver to remove cable slack.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
23
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
3
Setting up the Receiver
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Mounting the TSC1 or TSCe controller
To mount the TSC1™ or TSCe™ controller (“the controller“)on the pole:
1.
Mount the controller bracket on the pole:
a.
Place the bracket against the pole at a comfortable height.
b.
Rotate the clamping screw on the bracket pole until tight.
c.
Place the controller into the cradle assembly and tighten
the clamping mechanism.
d.
Any cables running down the pole should be run through
the machined groove on the inside of the controller bracket.
e.
Position the controller in the preferred position for
operation by pressing the spring-loaded release button on
the cradle, pulling the assembly outward, and rotating the
cradle assembly to the desired angle. Reseat the cradle in
the proper position by lining up the alignment pins and
pushing inward until the release button locks.
2.
Connect one end of the 2 ft 0-shell to 0-shell Lemo cable to the
controller.
3.
Connect the other end of the Lemo cable to Port 1 on the 5700
receiver.
4.
Place the hand grip below the controller bracket (or above it,
depending on the position of the bracket), with the cables
running through the grip.
5.
Secure any loose cables, using the velcro cable ties.
Figure 2.10 shows the pole-mounted setup.
24
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
Zephyr antenna
RPA
Velcro tie
Controller bracket
Hand grip
t
2
Figure 3.10
3.1
3
Pole-mounted setup
Backpack Setup
Both the whip and RPA antennae are suitable for use in a backpack.
The RPA is installed in the same manner as for the pole-mounted setup
(see Pole-Mounted Setup, page 19).
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
25
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3
Setting up the Receiver
C
WARNING – The RPA is tuned for operation with the GPS antenna cable
running through it. Operating it from a backpack may reduce its
operating range. Trimble recommends using the whip antenna.
To set up the 5700 receiver for use in a backpack:
1.
Insert the 5700 receiver into the backpack with the ports on the
top panel facing upwards and the front panel facing outwards.
Secure the receiver around the middle with the velcro strap.
2.
Attach the Zephyr antenna to a range pole.
3.
Attach the whip antenna mount to one of the fittings on the top
of the backpack.
4.
The backpack has a feedthrough on both sides at the top and on
both sides near the bottom to allow cables to be positioned out
of the way of the main zipper. Run the radio communications
cable through at the top, and connect it to the blue TNC port on
the receiver.
5.
Connect the straight end of the yellow GPS cable to the yellow
TNC port on the receiver.
6.
Run the right-angle connector on the yellow GPS cable through
the top or side slot on the backpack, and connect it to the
Zephyr antenna.
7.
Connect one end of the 6 ft 0-shell to 0-shell cable to Port 1 on
the 5700 receiver.
8.
Run the 0-shell cable through the side slot of the backpack and
connect it to the controller.
Figure 3.11 shows the backpack setup.
26
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
Whip antenna
Zephyr antenna
t
2
3
Controller bracket
Figure 3.11
Backpack setup
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
27
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3
3.1
Setting up the Receiver
Other System Components
This section describes optional components that you can use with the
5700 receiver.
31.1
Radios
Radios are the most common data link for Real-Time Kinematic (RTK)
surveying. The 5700 receiver is available with an optional internal radio
in either the 450 or 900 MHz UHF bands. You can also connect an
external radio to Port 3, whether the internal radio is installed or not.
The 5700 receiver supports the following Trimble base radios when
using the internal receiver radio:
•
TRIMMARK™ 3
•
TRIMMARK IIe
•
TRIMTALK™ 450S
•
SiteNet™ 450
•
SiteNet 900
Internal Radio Setup
You can configure the receiver’s optional internal radio using any of the
following:
•
the GPS Configurator software
•
the WinFlash software
•
the Trimble Survey Controller software
For more information, refer to the GPS Configurator Help, the
WinFlash Help, or the Trimble Survey Controller User Guide.
By default, the internal UHF radio has only a few frequencies installed.
Use the WinFlash software to configure additional frequencies. For
more information, see Adding frequencies for the 450 MHz internal
radio, page 69.
28
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
3
External radio setup
To use an external radio with the 5700 receiver, you need an external
power source for the radio.
To set up a 5700 receiver using an external radio:
1.
Connect one end of the yellow GPS antenna cable to the yellow
TNC port on the 5700 receiver.
2.
Connect the other end of the GPS antenna cable to a Zephyr or
Zephyr Geodetic antenna.
3.
Connect the external radio to Port 3 on the receiver.
4.
Connect a radio antenna to the external radio.
Figure 3.12 shows a TRIMMARK 3 radio connected to a 5700
receiver.
t
2
3
To antenna
To power supply
Figure 3.12
Connecting an external radio
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
29
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
3
Setting up the Receiver
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
5.
Connect an external power source to Port 2 on the receiver.
Note – External rover radios must have their own power source
because the internal Lithium-Ion batteries do not supply enough
voltage. Alternatively, supply external power to port 2 of the
5700 receiver, and enable power out on port 3.
Base radios must have their own power source because of their
high power consumption
Alternatively, you can apply external power directly to the radio,
if it supports it.
You can use a 10 Ah battery, a 6 Ah battery, or camcorder
batteries. The choice of power supply depends on the
application, and whether you are using the radio as a reference
or rover radio. For more information about the power
capabilities of the 5700 receiver, see Power Supply, page 42.
6.
Configure the external radio using the Trimble Survey Controller
software. Alternatively, you can configure a TRIMMARK 3 radio
using the WinFlash software or the configuration software
supplied with the radio.
For more information, refer to the Trimble Survey Controller User
Guide or the appropriate Help.
7.
30.1
Set up any other equipment as required, depending on whether
you are using the radio as a reference or a rover radio.
Cellular modems
You can use a cellular modem instead of a radio as your data
communications link. Cellular modems and other radio links can be
used to extend the limits of your surveys.
To connect a cellular modem to a 5700 receiver, you need the following:
•
•
30
5700 receiver
A custom-designed cellular modem, or a cellphone that can
transmit and receive data
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
•
•
3
Serial (cellphone to DB9) cable (supplied with the cellular
modem or phone)
Trimble DB9 to 0-shell Lemo cable
Note – This cable is suitable only if flow control can be disabled
on the cellular modem. If the cellular modem does not support
this functionality, a special cable is required. For more
information, refer to the document Using Cellular and CDPD
Modems for RTK, which is available from your local Trimble
Distributor.
Figure 3.13 shows the components required to connect a cellphone to a
5700 receiver.
DB9 to Lemo cable
c
R
t
2
3
PUSH
Serial cable
Figure 3.13
Connecting a cellphone
For more information on using a cellular modem as a data link, refer to
the Trimble Survey Controller User Guide.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
31
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3
30.2
Setting up the Receiver
Antennas
The 5700 receiver should normally be used with a Zephyr or Zephyr
Geodetic antenna, which have been designed specifically for use with
the 5700 receiver.
Use Figure 3.14 as a guide for measuring the height of the Zephyr and
Zephyr Geodetic antennas. The Zephyr antenna is designed to be
measured to the top of the notch. The Zephyr Geodetic (shown) has
been designed to be measured to the bottom of the notch.
1.520
1.515
1.510
1.505
Figure 3.14
Measuring antenna height
Older models of antennas, such as the Choke Ring or Micro-Centered™
L1/L2 antennas, need more power to operate than the Zephyr models.
To configure the receiver to output more power on the antenna port,
select the correct antenna type in the GPS Configurator™software, or
through the Trimble controller. For information on how to do this,
contact your local Trimble Service Provider.
32
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
30.3
3
CompactFlash cards
The 5700 receiver logs data internally on a CompactFlash card.
However, it only support the Type I CompactFlash card. Trimble
recommends that you use an industrial-rated CompactFlash card, as
commercial cards have a limited operating temperature range.
Before logging data to a CompactFlash card, format the card to ensure
the integrity of the file system. To format the card, insert it in the 5700
receiver and then hold down the power button for 30 seconds.
Note – Make sure that you format your CompactFlash card in the receiver.
This prevents data on the card from being corrupted if the card is removed
while data is being logged. Formatting the card in your computer may
cause data corruption, or loss of data.
When inserting the card, make sure that it slides into the card slot
properly.
C
WARNING –
– The 5700 receiver allows for a maximum of 512 files on the
CompactFlash card, regardless of the card’s capacity. The file names must
be in 8.3 format, otherwise files copied to the CompactFlash card may
cause data corruption or loss of data when logging.
– If the card does not seat into the pins correctly, do not use force or you
may damage the pins. Remove the card and reinsert it carefully.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
33
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Setting up the Receiver
Setting up the Receiver
34
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
3
CHAPTER
4
General Operation
4
In this chapter:
Q
Button Functions
Q
LED Behavior
Q
Starting and Stopping the Receiver
Q
Logging Data
Q
Resetting to Defaults
Q
Formatting a CompactFlash Card
Q
Power Supply
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
35
4
General Operation
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
All the controls that you need for general operation of the 5700 receiver
are located on the front panel, as shown in Figure 4.1.
Power button
Data button
t
2
SV Tracking
LED
Logging/
Memory LED
Figure 4.1
3
Battery LEDs
Radio/Event
Marker LED
Controls on the front panel of the 5700 receiver
For more information, see Parts of the Receiver, page 10.
4.1
Button Functions
The 5700 receiver has only two buttons: a Power button, represented in
this manual by [P], and a Data button, represented by [D].
Press [P] to switch the receiver on or off, and to perform data
management functions such as deleting files or resetting the receiver.
Use [D] to start or stop logging. This button is effective only when the
receiver is switched on and has completed any power-up and
initialization tasks.
36
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
General Operation
4
Table 4.1
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 4.1 describes the main functions of the two buttons.
Button functions
Action
Power button
Turn on the receiver
Press
Turn off the receiver
Hold for 2 seconds
Data button
Start logging data internally
Press
Stop logging data internally
Hold for 2 seconds
Delete the ephemeris file
Hold for 15 seconds
Reset the receiver to factory defaults
Hold for 15 seconds
Delete application files
Hold for 30 seconds
Format the CompactFlash card
Hold for 30 seconds
Note – The term “press” means to press the button and release it
immediately. The term “hold” means to press the button and hold it down
for the given time.
4.2
LED Behavior
The five LEDs on the top panel of the receiver indicate various
operating conditions. Generally, a lit or slowly flashing LED indicates
normal operation, an LED that is flashing quickly indicates a condition
that may require attention, and an unlit LED indicates that no
operation is occurring. The following table defines each possible LED
state.
The term …
means that the LED …
Flash
is lit briefly every 3 seconds
Slow flash
alternates slowly between being lit and unlit
Fast flash
alternates rapidly between being lit and unlit
On
is lit
Off
is unlit
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
37
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
4
42.1
General Operation
Logging/Memory LED
The yellow Logging/Memory LED below the [D] button indicates the
status of data logging and memory usage.
42.2
Behavior
Meaning
On
Data is being logged.
Slow flash
Enough FastStatic data has been logged. Alternatively, if
the red SV Tracking LED is on solid at the same time, the
receiver is in Monitor mode, and is checking for new
firmware to install.
Fast flash
Data is being logged but memory is low.
Flash
The receiver is in Sleep mode, and will wake up five
minutes before the scheduled start time of a timed
application file.
Off
Data is not being logged, or the CompactFlash card is
full.
SV Tracking LED
The red SV Tracking LED below the SV icon
satellite tracking.
42.3
Behavior
Meaning
Slow flash
Tracking four or more satellites.
Fast flash
Tracking three or fewer satellites.
Off
Not tracking any satellites.
On
The receiver is in Monitor mode, and is checking for new
firmware to install.
Radio LED
The green Radio LED below the Radio icon
data input and output.
38
indicates the status of
indicates the status of
Behavior
Meaning
Slow flash
A data packet or event marker has been received.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
42.4
4
Battery 1 LED and Battery 2 LED
The Battery LEDs inside the two Battery icons
indicate the status
of the two internal batteries, or the power sources connected on Ports 2
and 3.
By default, each battery LED indicates the status of the external power
source on the corresponding port. If no external source is detected,
each LED indicates the status of an internal battery. The color of the
LED indicates whether the power source is currently in use (green) or is
on standby (yellow).
Color
Meaning
Behavior
Meaning
Green
Power source is
in use
On
Healthy
Yellow
4.3
Power source is
on standby
Fast flash
Low power
Off
No power source is present
On
Healthy
Fast flash
Low power
Flash
Dead
Off
No power source is present
Starting and Stopping the Receiver
To turn on the receiver, press [P].
To turn off the receiver, hold down [P] for two seconds.
4.4
Logging Data
You can log data to the CompactFlash card in the 5700 receiver, or
alternatively to the survey device.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
39
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
General Operation
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
4
44.1
General Operation
Logging internally
The 5700 receiver logs GPS data internally on a CompactFlash card.
You can then use the Trimble Data Transfer utility to transfer logged
data files to your office computer. The transferred files are in Trimble
DAT (.dat) format.
C
WARNING – The 5700 receiver allows for a maximum of 512 files on the
CompactFlash card, regardless of the card’s capacity. The file names must
be in 8.3 format, otherwise files copied to the CompactFlash card may
cause data corruption or loss of data when logging.
Data is logged using the current logging settings configured in the
receiver. Data files logged internally are named automatically.
To begin internal logging, press [D]. The Logging/Memory LED lights up.
To stop logging, hold down [D] for at least two seconds. The
Logging/Memory LED turns off.
Note – When the CompactFlash card is full, the receiver stops logging
data, and the Logging/Memory LED switches off. Existing data files are
not overwritten.
Approximate storage requirements for different logging rates are
shown in Table 4.2. The values shown are for a one-hour logging session
with six satellites visible.
Table 4.2
40
Storage requirements
Logging rate
Memory required
10 Hz
2,588 KB
1 Hz
335 KB
5 seconds
87 KB
15 seconds
37 KB
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
4
Note – If power is lost, or the CompactFlash card is removed while logging,
the file system is designed so that a maximum of ten seconds of data will
be lost, regardless of the logging rate. To ensure that this behavior occurs,
use the GPS Configurator software to perform a quick format of the
CompactFlash card before logging data to the card for the first time.
44.2
Logging to a Trimble controller
When the 5700 receiver is connected to a Trimble controller, you can
log GPS data from the receiver to the controller, or to a PC card inserted
in the controller. When you use a Trimble controller, you do not use the
receiver’s controls. Instead, you use the controller functions to set
logging options, specify filenames, and to control when logging occurs.
Data is stored in job files, which can be transferred to your office
computer using Trimble’s Data Transfer utility.
For more information on logging data from a receiver using a Trimble
controller refer, to the user guide for your particular controller.
4.5
Resetting to Defaults
C
WARNING – Make sure that you do not hold down [P] for more than 30
seconds. After 30 seconds, any application files stored in the receiver are
deleted and the CompactFlash card is reformatted.
To reset the 5700 receiver to its factory default settings, hold down [P]
for at least 15 seconds.
Resetting the receiver to its factory defaults also deletes any ephemeris
file in the receiver.
For more information, see Chapter 9, Default Settings.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
41
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
General Operation
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
4
4.6
General Operation
Formatting a CompactFlash Card
C
WARNING – Formatting a CompactFlash card while it is in the receiver
deletes all the data files on the card and all the application files in the
receiver.
To format a CompactFlash card for use in a 5700 receiver, insert the
card in the CompactFlash port, then hold down [P] for at least 30
seconds. After 15 seconds, the receiver is reset to its factory defaults,
and any ephemeris file is deleted. After 30 seconds, any files stored on
the card are deleted and the CompactFlash card is reformatted.
Note – When you use [P] to format the CompactFlash card, a quick format
is performed. A quick format reformats the card for use with the 5700
receiver and deletes all data on the card. A full format checks the card for
errors or bad sectors, and is only necessary if the card is corrupted. To
perform a full format, use the GPS Configurator software. For more
information, see The GPS Configurator Software, page 66.
4.7
Power Supply
The 5700 receiver can be powered either by its two internal batteries or
by an external power source connected to Port 2 or Port 3. The charge
provided by the internal batteries depends on the type of survey and
operating conditions. Typically, one battery provides about 3.5 hours of
power during an RTK survey using the internal radio, and about
5 hours during a survey without the internal radio.
The external power source is always used in preference to the internal
batteries. When there is no external power source connected, or if the
external power supply fails, the internal batteries are used. The internal
batteries are drained in turn, and the receiver automatically switches to
the full battery when the first battery is drained.
If no external power is supplied, and both internal batteries are
drained, none of the data that you have logged is lost. When internal or
external power is restored, the receiver restarts in the same state as
42
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
4
when power was lost. For example, if the receiver was logging data, the
data file is not corrupted, and when power is restored the receiver
resumes logging with the same settings as before.
The power supply that comes with the 5700 receiver charges the
internal batteries while they are still in the receiver. To do this, connect
the power supply to the power/serial data cable, connect the cable to
Port 2 on the receiver and then connect the power supply to an AC
power source, as shown in Figure 4.2.
Power/serial data cable
t
2
3
To AC
power supply
Figure 4.2
Charging the batteries
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
43
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
General Operation
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
4
47.1
General Operation
Batteries
5700 GPS receivers use rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries.
44
C
WARNING – Do not damage the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery. A
damaged battery can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal
injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not use or charge the battery if it appears to be damaged. Signs of
damage include, but are not limited to, discoloration, warping, and
leaking battery fluid.
– Do not expose the battery to fire, high temperature, or direct sunlight.
– Do not immerse the battery in water.
– Do not use or store the battery inside a vehicle during hot weather.
– Do not drop or puncture the battery.
– Do not open the battery or short-circuit its contacts.
C
WARNING – Avoid contact with the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery if it
appears to be leaking. Battery fluid is corrosive, and contact with it can
result in personal injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– If the battery leaks, avoid contact with the battery fluid.
– If battery fluid gets into your eyes, immediately rinse your eyes with
clean water and seek medical attention. Do not rub your eyes!
– If battery fluid gets onto your skin or clothing, immediately use clean
water to wash off the battery fluid.
C
WARNING – Charge and use the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery only in
strict accordance with the instructions. Charging or using the battery in
unauthorized equipment can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in
personal injury and/or equipment damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not charge or use the battery if it appears to be damaged or leaking.
– Charge the Lithium-ion battery only in a Trimble product that is
specified to charge it. Be sure to follow all instructions that are provided
with the battery charger.
– Discontinue charging a battery that gives off extreme heat or a burning
odor.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
4
– Use the battery only in Trimble equipment that is specified to use it.
– Use the battery only for its intended use and according to the
instructions in the product documentation.
Charging the rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries
All battery types discharge over time when they are not being used.
Batteries also discharge faster in colder temperatures. If a Lithium-ion
battery is to be stored for long periods of time, make sure it is fully
charged before storing, and re-charged at least every three months.
To protect the batteries from deep discharge (5 volts or less), the
receiver is designed to switch batteries or cease drawing power when
the battery pack discharges to 5.9 volts.
A battery that has reached the deep discharge level cannot be
recharged and must be replaced. The following recommendations
provide optimal performance and extend the life of your batteries:
•
Fully charge all new batteries before use.
•
Do not allow the batteries to discharge below 5 volts.
•
Keep all batteries on continuous charge when not in use.
Batteries may be kept on charge indefinitely without damage to
the receiver or batteries.
The rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries are supplied partially charged.
Charge them completely before using for the first time. If a battery has
been stored for longer than six months, charge it before use.
The two internal batteries take approximately eight hours to charge.
They are charged individually, so each battery takes approximately 4
hours to charge.The internal batteries start charging whenever an
external power supply of greater than 15 V is detected.
Storing the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery
•
Do not store batteries in the receiver or external charger unless
power is applied.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
45
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
General Operation
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
4
General Operation
•
If you must store the batteries, fully charge them before storing
and then recharge them at least every three months.
Disposing of the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery
Discharge the Lithium-ion battery before disposing of it. When
disposing of the battery, be sure to do so in an environmentally
sensitive manner. Adhere to any local and national regulations
concerning battery disposal or recycling.
47.2
Operating with the controller
If the 5700 receiver is being powered by its internal batteries, it does not
supply power to the controller when they are connected. However, the
controller batteries and the 5700 receiver batteries can be charged at
the same time from the same power supply. To charge both sets of
batteries, use two standard power/serial data cables to connect the
controller and the 5700 receiver to a power supply, as shown in
Figure 4.3.
46
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
4
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
General Operation
Power/serial data cables
t
2
3
To AC
power supply
Figure 4.3
47.3
Charging receiver and controller batteries
Power output
If the receiver is being supplied with power from an external source,
power is automatically output on Port 1. The output voltage is
approximately 0.5 V less than the input voltage. Port 1 outputs a
maximum voltage of 20 V, even if the input voltage is higher.
You can use the GPS Configurator or Trimble Survey Controller
software to enable power output on Port 3. Port 3 can be enabled for
power output regardless of whether power is supplied internally or
externally.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
47
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
4
General Operation
On Port 3, the output voltage is approximately 0.5 V less than the input
voltage. For example, if power is being supplied from the internal
Lithium ion batteries, the maximum battery voltage is 8.4 V, so the
maximum output voltage is 7.9 V.
Note – When you start a survey using the Trimble Survey Controlle
softwarer, and you are using an external radio, the software automatically
enables power output on Port 3.
47.4
Firmware
A receiver’s firmware is the program inside the receiver that makes the
receiver run and controls the hardware. When you need to upgrade the
firmware for your 5700 receiver, Trimble recommends that you use the
WinFlash software. For more information, see The WinFlash Software,
page 67.
C
WARNING – Upgrading the firmware deletes all application files on the
5700 receiver.
An alternative method of upgrading your firmware is to copy the .elf file
directly to the CompactFlash card from your computer.
To do this:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Connect the CompactFlash card to your desktop computer.
Using Windows Explorer, copy the .elf file from your computer to
the CompactFlash card.
Disconnect the CompactFlash card from your computer and
insert it into the receiver.
Turn the receiver off.
Hold down [D] and press [P].
The receiver starts up in Monitor mode, automatically detects
the newer version of the firmware, and installs it. In Monitor
mode, the red SV Tracking LED is lit solidly and the yellow
Logging/Memory LED flashes slowly.
48
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
General Operation
4
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
The upgrade takes about two minutes. Once the upgrade
procedure is complete, the receiver restarts automatically.
49
General Operation
50
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
4
CHAPTER
5
Configuration
5
In this chapter:
5.1
Q
Introduction
Q
Configuring the Receiver in Real Time
Q
Configuring the Receiver Using Application Files
Q
Application Files
Introduction
The 5700 receiver has no controls for changing settings. It can only be
configured using external software such as the GPS Configurator, or
Trimble Survey Controller software.
There are two ways to configure the 5700 receiver:
•
Configuring the receiver in real time
•
Applying the settings in an application file
This chapter provides a brief overview of each of these methods, and
describes the contents and use of application files.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
51
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
5
5.2
Configuration
Configuring the Receiver in Real Time
The GPS Configurator, and the Trimble Survey Controller software
both support real-time configuration of the 5700 receiver.
When you configure the receiver in real time, you use one of these
software applications to specify which settings you want to change.
When you apply the changes, the receiver settings change immediately.
Any changes that you apply to the receiver are reflected in the Current
application file, which is always present in the receiver. The Current
application file always records the most recent configuration, so if you
apply further changes (either in real time or using an application file)
the Current file is updated and there is no record of the changes that
you applied originally.
For more information on configuring the receiver in real time, see
Chapter 7, Software Utilities.
5.3
Configuring the Receiver Using Application
Files
An application file contains information for configuring a receiver. To
configure a receiver using an application file, you need to create the
application file, transfer it to the receiver, and then apply the file’s
settings. Use the GPS Configurator software to perform all these tasks.
For more information on applying application files, see Chapter 7,
Software Utilities.
5.4
Application Files
An application file is organized into records. Each record stores
configuration information for a particular area of receiver operation.
Application files can include the following records:
52
•
File Storage
•
General Controls
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
•
Serial Port Baud/Format
•
Reference Position
•
Logging Rate
•
SV Enable/Disable
•
Output Message
•
Antenna
•
Device Control
•
Static/Kinematic
•
Input Message
•
Timed Activation
5
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Configuration
An application file does not have to contain all of these records. When
you apply an application file, any option that is not included in the
records in the file remains at its current setting. For example, if you
apply an application file that only specifies the elevation mask to use,
all other settings remain as they were before the application file was
applied.
You can store up to twenty different application files in battery-backed
memory on the receiver. You can apply an application file’s settings at
the time it is transferred to the receiver, or at any time afterwards.
54.1
Special application files
The 5700 receiver has three special application files, which control
important aspects of the receiver’s configuration.
Default application file
The default application file (Default.cfg) contains the original receiver
configuration, and cannot be changed. This file configures the receiver
after it is reset. You can reset the receiver by holding down [P] for at least
15 seconds, or by using the reset option in the GPS Configurator
software.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
53
5
Configuration
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
For more information on the default receiver settings, see Default
Settings, page 78.
Although you cannot change or delete the default application file, you
can use a power up application file to override any or all of the default
settings.
Current application file
The current application file (Current.cfg) reflects the current receiver
configuration. Whenever you change the receiver’s configuration,
either in real time or by applying an application file, the current file
changes to match the new configuration.
You cannot delete the current file or change it directly, but every
change to the receiver’s current configuration is applied to the current
file as well.
When you switch off the receiver then turn it on again, all the settings
from the current application file are applied, so you do not lose any
changes that you have made. The only exceptions are the following
logging parameters:
•
Logging rate
•
Position rate
•
Elevation mask
These parameters are always reset to the factory default values
whenever the receiver is switched off.
Power Up application file
The power up application file (Power_up.cfg) is optional. If a power up
file is present, its settings are applied whenever the receiver is powered
up.
54
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5
In this file, you can specify that the receiver is reset to defaults before
the power up settings are applied. This ensures that restarting the
receiver always results in the same configuration. This method is useful
for defining “default” settings for the receiver that differ from those in
the default file, which cannot be changed.
Alternatively, you can specify that the power up settings are applied
immediately after the current application file’s settings have been
applied. Restarting the receiver results in a configuration that uses your
default settings for the options you define in the power up file, but the
current settings for all other options.
By default, there is no power up application file on the receiver. If you
want to use a power up application file, you need to create an
application file in the GPS Configurator software and make sure that
the As auto power up file option is selected in the File page. When you
transfer this file to the receiver, it is transferred with the name
Power_up.cfg, and becomes the new power up file.
The power up file is the only special application file that you can
overwrite or delete from the receiver.
54.2
Timed application files
A timed application file contains a Timed Activation record which
specifies when this file is to be applied. The main use of a timed
application file is to automatically start or stop logging at a predefined
time.
The Timed Activation record specifies:
•
the UTC date and time when the application file is to be applied
for the first time
•
the interval at which the file is to be reapplied
If you do not specify a repeat interval, the settings are applied only
once, at the specified time. If the file specifies a repeat interval, the file’s
settings are reapplied at the specified interval until the file is
deactivated.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
55
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Configuration
5
Configuration
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Note – If the receiver is logging continuously, the current logging takes
precedence over any timed application file stored in the receiver.
Defining timed application files
To send timed application files to a 5700 receiver, set up scheduled
survey sessions in the GPS Configurator software. You can define
multiple sessions, each specifying:
•
basic logging parameters (data logging rate, position logging
rate, and elevation mask)
•
a starting time
•
a duration
When you apply the current settings in the GPS Configurator software,
each defined survey session is sent to the 5700 receiver as a pair of
timed application files: the first includes the logging settings and start
time, and the second contains settings that stop logging at the end time
(which is calculated automatically from the duration you specify).
For more information on scheduled survey sessions, refer to the GPS
Configurator Help.
The 5700 receiver can store up to 20 application files, so you can define
a maximum of 10 scheduled survey sessions (10 pairs of start/stop
timed application files).
Sleep mode
Whenever you press [P] to turn off the 5700 receiver, it checks for a
timed application file that is due to be activated in the future. If one
exists, the receiver goes into Sleep mode instead of powering down.
In Sleep mode, the yellow Logging/Memory LED flashes every three
seconds. The receiver wakes up five minutes before the scheduled
activation time, so that it is ready to begin logging at the scheduled
time.
56
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
54.3
5
Applying application files
An application file’s settings do not affect the receiver’s configuration
until you apply the application file. You can do this at the same time
that you save the file. Alternatively, save the file on the computer or in
the receiver, then open it later and apply its settings.
Note – If the application file is a timed file, its settings do not take effect as
soon as you apply the file, but at the time that the file specifies for its
activation.
54.4
Storing application files
You can store application files that you create in the GPS Configurator
software on both your receiver and computer. Each file can, for
example, represent a different user sharing the same receiver, or a
particular mode of operation or survey style. Saving application files on
your computer as well as in your receiver is optional, but it is useful
because:
54.5
•
it gives you a permanent copy of the settings you have sent to a
receiver, for audit or your own reference
•
you can use the same file to configure multiple receivers
identically
•
you can use an existing application file as a template for creating
other application files with similar settings
Naming application files
The filename that you use to store the application file in the computer
and the name under which the file is stored in the receiver are always
the same. This makes recognizing and keeping track of your
application files easier. If you change the name of the file on the
receiver, this changes the filename used to store the application file on
your computer. Similarly, if you change the filename on the computer,
the name of the file in the receiver will change.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
57
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Configuration
Configuration
58
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
5
CHAPTER
6
Transferring Data
6
In this chapter:
6.1
Q
Introduction
Q
Connecting to the Office Computer
Q
Transferring Data
Q
Transferring Files Directly from a CompactFlash Card
Q
Deleting Files in the Receiver
Q
Supported File Types
Introduction
The 5700 receiver keeps satellite measurements and other data in files
stored on a CompactFlash card. These files cannot be processed until
you transfer them to your office computer.
Note – The 5700 receiver supports a maximum of 512 files on the
CompactFlash cards.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
59
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
6
Transferring Data
On returning to the office after completing a survey, transfer the field
data to a computer that has the Trimble Geomatics Office™ software
installed. You can then process the survey data in Trimble Geomatics
Office to produce baselines and coordinates.
6.2
Connecting to the Office Computer
The 5700 receiver has three serial (COM) ports and one USB port for
connection to the office computer. A USB connection is up to ten times
faster than normal serial communications.
Use the standard power/serial data cable to connect the 5700 receiver
to the computer, as shown in Figure 6.1.
Power/serial data
cable
Serial (COM) port
Port 2
Figure 6.1
60
Connecting 5700 receiver to a computer for serial data
transfer
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Transferring Data
6
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Use the USB cable to connect the 5700 receiver to the computer, as
shown in Figure 6.2.
USB cable
USB port
USB port
Figure 6.2
Connecting 5700 receiver to a computer for USB data
transfer
Note – When the 5700 receiver is connected to a USB port on a computer,
it is treated as a peripheral device of the computer. If the receiver is
unplugged or powered down, a warning message is displayed on the
computer.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
61
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
6
6.3
Transferring Data
Transferring Data
Transfer the data files to the computer using the Trimble Data Transfer
utility. You can run this utility as a standalone program or from within
Trimble Geomatics Office. For more information about the transfer
process, refer to the Data Transfer Help.
Note – When you connect to a 5700 receiver in the Data Transfer utility,
you must use a GPS Receiver (5000 Series) device definition. If you use a
GPS Receiver (4000 Series) device definition, the Data Transfer utility will
be unable to establish communication with the 5700 receiver.
When transfer is complete, the Data Transfer utility automatically
converts the file to the DAT format. If you are using Data Transfer from
within Trimble Geomatics Office, the Check-in dialog appears. For more
information, refer to the Trimble Geomatics Office User Guide.
Note – A file in DAT format is approximately six times the size of the
corresponding file in the 5700 receiver’s internal format. Before
transferring files, make sure that there is enough space on your computer.
6.4
Transferring Files Directly from a
CompactFlash Card
All data is stored in a 5700 receiver on an internal CompactFlash card.
There are two ways to transfer files between the receiver and your office
computer:
•
Connect the receiver to the office computer and use the Data
Transfer utility to transfer files.
•
Remove the CompactFlash card from the receiver and connect it
directly to your office computer, where it functions like a normal
disk drive. Use Windows Explorer to transfer files.
When you use the Data Transfer utility to transfer data files from the
CompactFlash card while it is still inserted in the 5700 receiver, the
Data Transfer utility converts the raw receiver data (.T01) files you
select into the Trimble DAT file format.
62
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
6
However, if you connect the CompactFlash card to your computer and
then copy or move files to your computer, it treats the card like any
other disk drive, and transfers the files without converting them. You
need to convert these raw receiver files to DAT format files before you
can use them on your office computer.
You can convert receiver data files by using a Windows Explorer
extension which is installed on your computer when you install the
Data Transfer utility.
Note – Although this extension is only available if you have the Data
Transfer utility installed, you do not have to run the Data Transfer utility
to use it.
To convert a .T01 file on your office computer into the DAT format:
1.
2.
On your office computer, open Windows Explorer and navigate
to the location of the .T01 file.
Right-click the file, and from the menu that appears select
Convert to DAT format:
The DAT File Conversion dialog appears while the file is
converted. When the dialog disappears, the file conversion is
complete.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
63
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Transferring Data
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
6
Transferring Data
A new file with the same filename but a .dat extension appears in
the same folder as the .T01 file.
6.1
Deleting Files in the Receiver
You can delete files stored in the 5700 receiver at any time. Do one of
the following:
•
•
•
•
6.2
Use the Data Transfer utility in Trimble Geomatics Office.
Use the controller.
Hold down the power button [P] for 30 seconds after the receiver
has been powered on. (When you use this method, all data is
deleted, and the CompactFlash card is reformatted.)
Use GPS Configurator.
Supported File Types
Table 6.1 shows the file types that you can transfer to or from a 5700
receiver, and the software or utility that you must use to transfer each
file type.
Table 6.1
Supported file types
File Type
Extensions
Transfer from
5700 receiver?
Transfer to
5700 receiver?
Software
Ephemeris
.eph
Yes
No
Data Transfer
Raw observations
.T01, .dat
Yes
No
Data Transfer
Receiver firmware files
.elf
No
Yes
WinFlash
Application files
.cfg
Yes
Yes
GPS
Configurator
Note – The 5700 receiver supports a maximum of 512 files on the
CompactFlash card. Files stored on the compact flash must be 8.3 format.
The 5700 receiver does not support extended file names.
64
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
7
Software Utilities
7
In this chapter:
Q
The GPS Configurator Software
Q
The WinFlash Software
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
65
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
7
Software Utilities
This chapter provides information on the software utilities that you can
use with the 5700 receiver.
7.1
The GPS Configurator Software
The GPS Configurator office software enables you to configure a
survey-grade Trimble GPS receiver connected to your desktop
computer and save the configurations. Use the GPS Configurator
software to view the current receiver settings, check GPS information,
and change receiver settings.
71.1
Configuring the 5700 receiver
1.
Connect Port 1, 2, or 3 on the receiver to a serial (COM) port on
the computer and apply power.
2.
To start GPS Configurator, click
, then select
Programs / Trimble / GPS Configurator / GPS Configurator.
The software automatically establishes a connection with the
5700 receiver.
3.
Make appropriate selections for your required receiver settings.
For more information, refer to the GPS Configurator Help.
4.
Click Apply.
The settings in GPS Configurator are applied to the receiver.
Alternatively, you can save the settings to your computer. For more
information, refer to the GPS Configurator Help.
66
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Software Utilities
The WinFlash Software
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
7.1
7
The WinFlash software communicates with Trimble products to
perform various functions including:
•
installing software, firmware, and option upgrades
•
running diagnostics ( for example, retrieving configuration
information)
•
configuring radios
For more information, online help is also available when using the
WinFlash software.
Note – The WinFlash software runs on Microsoft Windows 95, 98,
Windows NT®, 2000, Me, or XP operating systems.
71.1
Installing the WinFlash software
The WinFlash software can be installed from the Trimble R7, Trimble
R8, 5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD, or from the Trimble website.
Installing the WinFlash software from the CD
70.1
1.
Insert the disk into the CD drive on your computer.
2.
Using Windows Explorer, navigate to the CD drive.
3.
Double-click Setup.exe.
4.
Follow the onscreen instructions.
Upgrading firmware
Your 5700 receiver is supplied with the latest version of receiver
firmware installed. If a later version becomes available, upgrade the
firmware installed on your receiver.
The WinFlash software guides you through the firmware upgrade
process. The steps required are described below. For more information,
refer to the WinFlash Help.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
67
7
Software Utilities
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
To upgrade the 5700 receiver firmware:
1.
Start the WinFlash software. The Device Configuration screen
appears.
2.
From the Device type list, select 5700 Receiver.
3.
From the PC serial port field, select the serial (COM) port on the
computer that the receiver is connected to.
4.
Click Next.
The Operation Selection screen appears. The Operations list
shows all of the supported operations for the selected device. A
description of the selected operation is shown in the Description
field.
5.
Select GPS software upgrade and click Next.
The GPS Software Selection window appears. This screen
prompts you to select the software that you want to install on
the 5700 receiver.
6.
Select the latest version from the Available Software list and click
Next.
The Settings Review window appears. This screen prompts you to
connect the receiver, suggests a connection method, and then
lists the receiver configuration and selected operation.
7.
If all is correct, click Finish.
Based on the selections shown above, the Software Upgrade
window appears and shows the status of the operation ( for
example, Establishing communication with the 5700. Please
wait.).
8.
Click OK.
The Software Upgrade window appears again and states that the
operation was completed successfully.
9.
68
Click Menu to select another operation, or click Exit to quit the
WinFlash software.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
7
10. If you click Exit, another screen appears asking you to confirm
that you want to quit the WinFlash software. Click OK.
70.1
Adding frequencies for the 450 MHz internal radio
If your 5700 receiver has the optional internal radio installed, you can
use the WinFlash software to add frequencies to the default list.
To add radio frequencies:
1.
Start the WinFlash software. The Device Configuration screen
appears.
2.
From the Device type list, select 5700 Receiver.
3.
From the PC serial port field, select the serial (COM) port on the
computer that the receiver is connected to.
4.
Click Next.
The Operation Selection screen appears. The Operations list
shows all of the supported operations for the selected device. A
description of the selected operation is shown in the Description
field.
5.
Select Configure Radio and click Next.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
69
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Software Utilities
7
Software Utilities
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
The Frequency Selection dialog appears:
6.
In the Wireless Format group, select the appropriate channel and
wireless mode. The Wireless Mode must be the same for all radios
in your network.
7.
In the Edit Frequency field, enter the frequency you require.
8.
Click Add. The new frequency appears in the Selected
Frequencies list.
Note – The frequencies that you program must conform to the channel
spacing and minimum tuning requirements for the radio. To view this
information, click Radio Info. You may select either 12.5 or 25 kHz
channel spacing. All radios in your network must use the same channel
spacing.
70
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
9.
7
Once you configure all the frequencies you require, click OK.
The WinFlash software updates the 5700 receiver’s radio
frequencies and then restarts the receiver.
70.1
Configuring the internal 900 MHz radio setup
To configure the internal 900 MHz radio, use one of the following:
•
The Trimble Survey Controller software running on a Trimble
controller
•
The WinFlash software (provided on the Trimble R7, Trimble R8,
5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD)
The internal radio has 40 selectable networks. You must choose the
same network that is configured in the base radio you want to receive
from.
Configuring the radio network using the Trimble
Survey Controller software
1.
Connect the data/power cable to the controller and the receiver
and turn on the controller. The receiver starts automatically.
2.
From the main menu on the controller, select Configuration.
3.
In the dialog that appears, select Survey styles, then from the
Type field, select RTK.
4.
Select Rover radio, then from the Type field select Trimble
Internal.
5.
Tap the Connect softkey.
6.
Once connected, in the Network number field enter the number
of the network set on your base radio.
Note – The Base Radio Mode field is not used here.
7.
Tap the Enter softkey to complete configuration.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
71
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Software Utilities
7
Software Utilities
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Configuring the radio network using the WinFlash
software
1.
Connect the data/power cable to Port 1 on the receiver.
2.
Connect the female DE-9 connector on the other end of the
data/power cable to a serial (COM) port on the computer.
3.
Start the WinFlash software. The Device Configuration dialog
appears.
4.
From the Device type list, select 5700 Receiver.
5.
From the PC serial port field, select the serial port on the
computer that the receiver is connected to and click Next.
6.
From the Operation selection dialog, select Configure radio and
click Next.
7.
Confirm that your current settings are correct and click Finish.
The Configure 900MHz radio dialog appears.
8.
In the Network number field, select the same network that is set
on your base radio.
9.
In the Country setting field, select one of the following (according
to how your base radio was shipped):
– Your country (if available). This sets the radio to the a specific
frequency range being transmitted by the base radio.
– A single frequency. This limits the frequencies used to those
authorized in your particular country.
10. Click OK.
The WinFlash software updates the radio settings and then restarts the
receiver.
72
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
8
Specifications
8
In this chapter:
Q
Physical Specifications
Q
Positioning Specifications
Q
Technical Specifications
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
73
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
8
Specifications
This chapter details the specifications of the 5700 receiver.
8.1
Physical Specifications
Table 8.1 lists physical specifications for the 5700 receiver. The
temperature rating of the receiver applies only when all doors on the
receiver are closed.
Table 8.1
Physical specifications
Feature
Specification
Size
13.5 cm W x 8.5 cm H x 24 cm L
(5.3 in. W x 3.4 in. H x 9.5 in. L)
Weight
(with 2 batteries inserted)
1.4 kg (3.0 lb)
Battery life
(at 20 °C)
RTK with internal radio: 3.5 hours
No internal radio: 5 hours
Power input
11–28 VDC
Operating temperature
–40 °C to +65 °C (–40 °F to +149 °F)a
Storage temperature
–40 °C to +80 °C (–40 °F to +176 °F)
Humidity
100% condensing, unit fully sealed
Casing
Dust-proof, shock- and vibration-resistant
aThe
USB port only operates when the temperature is above 0 °C (32 °F). The
internal batteries only charge when the temperature is in the range 0 °C to 40 °C
(32 °F to 104 °F)
74
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Specifications
Positioning Specifications
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
8.2
8
Table 8.2 lists positioning specifications for the 5700 receiver.
Table 8.2
Positioning
Mode
Horizontal Accuracy Vertical Accuracy
(RMS)
(RMS)
RTK (OTF)
Synchronized
1 cm + 1 ppm
(× baseline length)
2 cm + 1 ppm
(× baseline length)
Low Latency
2 cm + 2 ppm
(× baseline length)a
3 cm + 2 ppm
(× baseline length)a
L1 C/A Code
Phase
Synchronized/
Low Latency
.25 m + 1 ppm RMS
.50 m + 1 ppm RMS
Static/
FastStatic
N/A
5 mm + 0.5 ppm
(× baseline length)
5 mm + 1 ppm
(× baseline length)
WAAS
N/A
Less than 5 mb
Less than 5 mb
a
Depends on radio link latency.
b
8.3
Positioning specifications
3D RMS values depend on WAAS system performance.
Technical Specifications
Table 8.3 lists technical specifications for the 5700 receiver.
Table 8.3
Technical specifications
Feature
Specification
Tracking
24 channels L1 C/A code, L1/L2 full cycle carrier
Fully operational during P-code encryption
WAAS satellite tracking
Signal processing
Maxwell architecture
Very low-noise C/A code processing
Multipath suppression
Start-up
Cold start: < 60 seconds from power on
Warm start: < 30 seconds with recent ephemeris
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
75
8
Specifications
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 8.3
76
Technical specifications (Continued)
Feature
Specification
Initialization
Automatic while moving or static
Minimum
initialization time
10 sec + 0.5 × baseline length (km)
Communications
Three RS-232 serial ports (Port 1, Port 2, and Port 3)
Baud rates up to 115,200 bps
RTS/CTS flow control negotiation supported on Port 3
only
One USB port (download only)
Configuration
Via user-definable application files or GPS
Configurator
Output formats
NMEA-0183: AVR; GGA; GST; GSV; PTNL,GGK;
PTNL,GGK_SYNC; HDT; PTNL,PJK; PTNL,PJT; ROT
PTNL,VGK; VHD; VTG; ZDA
GSOF (Trimble Binary Streamed Output)
1PPS
RT17
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
9
Default Settings
9
In this chapter:
Q
Default Settings
Q
Resetting to Factory Defaults
Q
Examples
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
77
9
Default Settings
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
All 5700 receiver settings are stored in application files. The Default
application file, Default.cfg, is stored permanently in the receiver, and
contains the factory default settings for the 5700 receiver. Whenever
the receiver is reset to its factory defaults, the current settings (stored in
the Current application file, Current.cfg) are reset to the values in the
Default application file.
You cannot modify the Default application file. However, if there is a
Power Up application file (Power_Up.cfg) in the receiver, the settings in
this file can be applied immediately after the Default application file,
overriding the factory defaults.
For more information about application files, see Application Files,
page 52.
9.1
Default Settings
Table 9.1 shows the default settings for the 5700 receiver, as defined in
the default application file.
Table 9.1
Default settings
Function
Factory Default
SV Enable
All SVs enabled
General Controls:
13°
SNR mask
7
RTK positioning mode
Low Latency
Motion
Kinematic
Power Output 3
Disabled
1PPS time tags
Off
ASCII time tags
Off
Serial Port 1:
78
Elevation mask
Baud rate
38400
Format
8-None-1
Flow control
None
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Default Settings
Default settings (continued)
Function
Serial Port 2:
Serial Port 3:
Input Setup:
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 9.1
9
Factory Default
Baud rate
38400
Format
8-None-1
Baud rate
38400
Format
8-None-1
Flow control
None
Station
Any
NMEA/ASCII (all messages)
All Ports Off
Streamed output
All Types Off
Offset = 00
RT17/Binary
All Ports Off
CMR output
[Static] CMR: cref ID 0000
RTCM output
RTCM: Type 1 ID 0000
Reference position:
Antenna:
Latitude
0°
Longitude
0°
Altitude
0.00 m HAE
Type
Unknown external
Height (true vertical)
0.00 m
Group
All
Measurement method
Bottom of antenna mount
Logging rate
15 sec
Position rate
5 min
Measurement rate
10 Hz
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
79
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
9
Default Settings
9.2
Resetting to Factory Defaults
To reset the 5700 receiver to its factory defaults, do one of the following:
•
Press and hold down [P] on the 5700 receiver for 15 seconds.
•
In GPS Configurator, select the General tab and then click
Reset Receiver.
9.3
Examples
The following examples show how the 5700 receiver uses the default
settings and special application files in various situations.
93.1
Default behavior
The factory defaults are applied whenever you start the receiver. If a
Power Up file is present in the receiver, its settings are applied
immediately after the default settings, so you can use a Power Up file to
define your own set of defaults.
a
When you turn the receiver on
and …
then logging settings
are …
and logging …
it is the first time that the receiver has
been used
the factory defaults
does not begin
automatically
you have reset the receiver to its factory
defaults
the factory defaults, or those
in the Power Up filea
does not begin
automatically
you have performed a full reset
the factory defaults, because
resetting deletes any Power
Up file
does not begin
automatically
A factory default setting is only used if the setting is not defined in the Power Up file.
80
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
93.2
9
Power up settings
When you turn the receiver off, any changes that you have made to
logging settings are lost and these settings are returned to the factory
defaults. Other settings remain as defined in the Current file. The next
time you turn on the receiver, the receiver checks for a Power Up file
and, if one is present, applies the settings in this file.
a
When you use [P] to turn the receiver
off then on again and …
then logging
settings are …
and all other
settings are …
you changed the receiver settings by
applying an application file
the factory defaults
the last settings used
you changed the receiver settings using
configuration software
the factory defaults
the last settings used
there is a Power Up application file in the
receiver
the factory defaults,
or those in the Power
Up filea
the last settings used, or
those in the Power Up
filea
A factory default setting is used only if the setting is not defined in the Power Up file.
93.3
Logging after power loss
If the receiver loses power unexpectedly, when power is restored the
receiver tries to return to the state it was in immediately before the
power loss. The receiver does not reset itself to defaults or apply any
Power Up settings. If the receiver was logging when power was lost
unexpectedly, it resumes logging when power is restored.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
81
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Default Settings
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
9
Default Settings
However, when you switch off the receiver using [P] , the receiver
behaves as if you pressed [D] to stop logging before you pressed [P]. In
this case, when power is restored normally, logging does not begin until
you start it manually.
When the receiver is logging
data and then loses power …
then when
power is
restored, data
logging …
and logging
settings are …
and all other
settings are …
unexpectedly
resumes
automatically
the last settings
used
the last settings
used
when you press [P]
does not resume
the factory
defaults
the last settings
used
93.4
Disabling logging
You can disable logging by setting the receiver’s data logging and
position logging rates to Off. However, if you press [D] while logging is
disabled, the receiver will still log data, using the default logging
settings.
When you have disabled logging …
then if you press [D] to start logging,
logging settings are …
using the Trimble Survey Controller or GPS
Configurator software
the factory defaults
in the Power Up application file
the factory defaults
93.5
Application files
You can use application files to change the settings in the receiver.
Sending an application file to the receiver does not necessarily apply
the file’s settings; you can apply a file’s settings at any time after sending
it to the receiver. You can also define timed application files. A timed
application file contains receiver settings, but also includes a date and
time when it is automatically activated.
82
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
9
If there is a timed application file on the receiver, the receiver
automatically applies the file’s settings and begins logging (if logging
settings are included in the file) at the specified time. If the receiver is in
Sleep mode, it wakes up five minutes before the start time of the timed
application file, and then begins logging, if required, at the specified
start time.
When you send an application file
to the receiver and …
then the receiver settings are changed …
you apply the file’s settings immediately
as soon as you send the file to the receiver
you apply the file later
as soon as you apply the file
it is a timed application file
at the specified activation time
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
83
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Default Settings
Default Settings
84
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
9
CHAPTER
10
Cables and Connectors
10
In this chapter:
Q
Port 1, 2, and 3 Connectors
Q
Power/serial data cable
Q
Event Marker/1PPS Cable
Q
GPS Antennas and Cables
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
85
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
10
Cables and Connectors
This chapter provides pinout information for the 5700 receiver
standard and optional cables. This information can be used to build
special cables for connecting the 5700 receiver to devices and
instruments not supported by the standard and optional cables.
10.1
Port 1, 2, and 3 Connectors
Figure 10.1 shows the location of the 5700 serial ports.
Port 1
Port 2
1
2
RADIO
GPS
Figure 10.1
Port 3
5700 serial ports
Figure 10.2 gives pinout requirements for the connector labeled
Port 1. The pin locations for the Port 2 and Port 3 connectors are
identical.
86
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1
6
7
5
2
3
Figure 10.2
10
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Cables and Connectors
4
Pinout connector diagram
Table 10.1 describes the pinout functionality.
Table 10.1
Pin
5700 port pinouts
Pinout function
Port 1 (controller, event,
or computer)
Port 2 (Power in,
computer, PPS, or event)
Port 3 (External radio or
power in)
1
Signal GND
Signal GND
Signal GND
2
GND
GND
GND
3
TX data out (TXD1)
TX data out (TXD2)
TX data out (TXD3)
4
RTS1
1PPS
RTS3
5
CTS1/Event 2
Event 1
CTS3
6
Power Out (+)
Power In (+)
Power In/Out (+)
7
Serial data in (RXD1)
Serial data in (RXD2)
Serial data in (RXD3)
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
87
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
10
10.2
Cables and Connectors
Power/serial data cable
Table 10.2 gives pinout information for the power/serial data cable
(PN 32345), which is supplied with the 5700 receiver.
Table 10.2
Power/serial data cable pinouts
Lemo 0-shell
connector
Directio
n
7 Pin
DE9-F connector
Power lead
7 Conductors
2 Conductors
Pin
Function
Pin
Color
Function
1
Signal ground
↔
5
Brown
Signal ground
2
GND
→
3
TXD
→
2
Orange
TXD
4
RTS/TXD
→
8
Blue
RTS
5
CTS/RXD
←
7
Green
CTS
6
PWR
←
7
RXD
←
3
Yellow
Color
Function
Black
V-OUT
Red
Power IN (+)
TXD
Note – Table 10.2 assumes that the cable is attached to the connector
labeled Port 1 or Port 3.
10.3
Event Marker/1PPS Cable
The event marker/1PPS cable shown in Figure 10.3 provides a breakout
box with two BNC ( female) connectors for providing 1PPS input and
event marker output.
Connect a device that accepts 1PPS output pulses to the BNC
connector labeled 1PPS on the breakout box. Connect a device that
outputs event marker pulses to the 5700 receiver, such as a
photogrammetric camera, to the BNC connector labeled Event Marker
on the breakout box.
88
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
10
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Cables and Connectors
P3
(Event marker)
P2
(1PPS out)
P4
(Port 2 extension)
P1
(To Port 2)
Figure 10.3
Event marker/1PPS cable
In addition, the breakout box includes a Lemo 7-pin connector to
extend serial communications and/or power on Port 2. Because the
BNC connectors are used to service the event marker and 1PPS
features, pins 4 (1PPS) and 5 (Event Marker) are inactive on the Lemo
connector.
For Port 2 pinouts, see Port 1, 2, and 3 Connectors, page 86. For more
information on 1PPS input and event marker output, see Chapter 11,
Event Marker Input and 1PPS Output.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
89
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
10
Cables and Connectors
Table 10.3 gives pinout information for the event marker/1PPS cable
which is supplied with the 5700 receiver. The event marker/1PPS cable
is only used with the 5700 connectors labeled Port 1 ( for event marker
output) and Port 2.
Table 10.3
Event marker/1PPS cable pinouts
P1: Lemo 7-Pin
Port 2 5700
Directio
n
P2: BNC-F
connector
(1PPS)
P3: BNC-F
connector
(Event
Marker)
P4: Lemo 7s
Port 2 extension
Pin
Pin
Pin
Function
1
Signal ground
2
GND
3
Serial data in
(TXD2)
4
No Connect
5
No Connect
Pin
5700 function
1
Signal ground
←
2
GND
→
3
Serial data out
(TXD2)
←
4
1PPS
←
5
Event Marker
↔
6
Power IN (+)
→
6
Power IN (+)
7
Serial data in
(RXD2)
←
7
Serial data out
(RXD2)
10.4
GND
GND
Center pin
Center pin
GPS Antennas and Cables
The antenna that a receiver uses to collect satellite signals is
sometimes called a GPS antenna to distinguish it from a radio antenna.
Radio antennas are used for communication between receivers and
external networks or systems.
Note – To use older models of antennas, such as the Choke Ring or
Micro-Centered L1/L2 antennas, with a 5700 receiver, you need to use an
antenna power adapter and an external power source for the antenna. For
more information, see Antennas, page 32.
90
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Cables and Connectors
10
If the antenna cable length is …
use …
up to 15 meters (45 feet)
RG-58 cable
up to 30 meters (100 feet)
RG-214 cable
over 30 meters (100 feet)
one of the following:
•
in-line amplifier
•
semi-rigid coaxial cable
•
a low-loss cable assembly
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Connect the 5700 receiver to its GPS antenna using the yellow TNC
connector. Use a coaxial cable with a right-angle TNC plug at the
antenna end.
91
Cables and Connectors
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
10
92
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
11
Event Marker Input and
1PPS Output
11
In this chapter:
11.1
Q
Introduction
Q
Event Marker Input
Q
1PPS Output
Introduction
The 5700 receiver can accept event marker input on Port 1 and Port 2,
and can generate 1PPS output on Port 2.
11.2
Event Marker Input
Event marker input is used to log a precise GPS time tag whenever an
externally generated pulse, such as one generated at the time of the
shutter closing from a photogrammetric camera, is received.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
93
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
11
Event Marker Input and 1PPS Output
The event is triggered when the source pulse voltage transitions
between 1.0 V DC and 2.0 V DC in less than 100 nsec. Trimble
recommends that you use TTL level inputs. You can configure the
receiver to recognize either a positive (rising) or negative ( falling)
voltage as the leading edge of a pulse. The accuracy of the associated
time tag recorded for an event is determined by the GPS accuracy
(typically less than 1 µsec.).
The 5700 receiver records each event in the current data file. This
record includes the port on which the event was received.
112.1
Enabling and configuring event marker input
To enable or configure the event marker input function, you need either
GPS Configurator.
In real time
You can use GPS Configurator to configure a Trimble GPS receiver
connected to your office computer. For more information, see The GPS
Configurator Software, page 66, or refer to the GPS Configurator Help.
To enable event marker input:
1.
Connect the computer to the 5700 receiver.
2.
Press [P] to turn on the 5700 receiver.
3.
To start GPS Configurator, click
, then select
Programs / Trimble / GPS Configurator / GPS Configurator.
The GPS Configurator dialog appears and the software
automatically connects to the 5700 receiver.
94
4.
In the General tab, select the Event marker check box.
5.
Select the appropriate option, Positive slope or Negative slope,
depending on the type of pulse the external device uses.
6.
Click Apply.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
11
GPS Configurator sends the new configuration information to
the 5700 receiver, and the receiver starts to accept event marker
input.
7.
Click OK to exit GPS Configurator.
The software disconnects from the 5700 receiver.
11.1
1PPS Output
The 5700 receiver can output a one pulse per second (1PPS) time strobe
with an associated ASCII time tag output. The pulse is output through
Port 2 of the 5700 receiver using the event marker/1PPS cable.
111.1
1PPS pulse definition
The leading edge of the pulse coincides with the beginning of each UTC
second, as shown in Figure 11.1. The pulse is driven by an RS-422 driver
between nominal levels of 0 V and 4 V. The leading edge is positive,
rising from 0 V to 4 V.
4V
0V
Seconds
Time tag output here
Figure 11.1
Time tag applies here
Time tag relation to 1PPS wave form
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
95
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
Event Marker Input and 1PPS Output
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
11
Event Marker Input and 1PPS Output
The pulse is approximately 8 µsec wide, with rise and fall times of
about 100 nsec. Resolution is approximately 40 nsec, but several
external factors limit accuracy to approximately ±1 µsec:
111.2
•
Position errors, especially with user-entered reference. Each
meter of error can result in 3 nsec of error in the 1PPS pulse.
•
Antenna cable length. Each meter of cable adds a delay of about
2 nsec to satellite signals, and a corresponding delay in the 1PPS
pulse.
ASCII time tag definition
Each time tag is output about 0.5 second before the corresponding
pulse, as shown in Figure 11.1. Time tags are in ASCII format on a userselected serial port. The format of a time tag is:
UTC yy.mm.dd hh:mm:ss ab
Where:
•
UTC is fixed text.
•
yy.mm.dd is the year, month, and date.
•
hh:mm:ss is the hour (on a 24-hour clock), minute, and second.
The time is in UTC, not GPS time.
•
a is the position-fix type:
1 = 2D Position Fix for E,N only
2 = 3D Position Fix
3 = Single SV Clock-only fix
4 = Automatic Mode
5 = Reference Station Position
6 = Two-Dimensional with Fixed Clock
7 = Overdetermined solution for Clock-only
96
•
b is the number of satellites being tracked: 1 to 9, “:” ( for 10), “;”
( for 11), or “<” ( for 12).
•
Each time tag is terminated by a carriage return, line feed
sequence.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Event Marker Input and 1PPS Output
11
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
A typical printout looks like this:
UTC 93.12.21 20:21:16 56
UTC 93.12.21 20:21:17 56
UTC 93.12.21 20:21:18 56
If a and b are ??, the time is based on the receiver clock because the
receiver is not tracking satellites. The receiver clock is less accurate
than time readings extracted from satellite signals.
111.3
Enabling and configuring 1PPS output
To enable or configure the 1PPS output function, you need GPS
Configurator.
In real time
You can use GPS Configurator to configure a Trimble GPS receiver
connected to your office computer. For more information, see The GPS
Configurator Software, page 66, or refer to the GPS Configurator Help.
To enable 1PPS output:
1.
Connect the computer to the 5700 receiver.
2.
Power on the 5700 receiver.
3.
To start GPS Configurator, click
, then select
Programs / Trimble / GPS Configurator / GPS Configurator.
The GPS Configurator dialog appears and the software
automatically connects to the 5700 receiver.
4.
Select the Serial outputs tab.
5.
Select the 1PPS (port 2 only) check box.
6.
If you want ASCII time tags enabled, select the check box and
choose an output port.
7.
Click Apply.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
97
11
Event Marker Input and 1PPS Output
5700 GPS Receiver Operation
GPS Configurator sends the new configuration information to
the 5700 receiver, and the receiver starts to generate 1PPS output
on Port 2.
8.
Click OK to exit GPS Configurator.
The software disconnects from the 5700 receiver.
98
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
SECTION
II
I
5800 GPS RECEIVER
CHAPTER
12
Overview
12
In this chapter:
Q
Features
Q
Use and Care
Q
COCOM Limits
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
10 1
12
Overview
This chapter introduces the Trimble® 5800 GPS receiver, which is
designed for GPS surveying applications. The 5800 receiver
incorporates a GPS antenna, receiver, internal radio, and battery in a
rugged light-weight unit that is ideally suited as an all-on-the-pole RTK
rover. Three LEDs allow you to monitor the satellite tracking, radio
reception, data logging status, and power. Bluetooth® wireless
technology provides cable-free communications between receiver and
controller. The 5800 receiver provides 24 total channels of L1/L2
satellite tracking, and supports logging of raw GPS observables to the
handheld controller for post-processed applications.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The 5800 receiver is available as a standalone rover or as part of the
GPS Total Station® 5800 system, offering maximum versatility in the
system configuration to meet your specific requirements.
12.1
Features
The receiver provides the following features:
•
Centimeter-accuracy, real-time positioning with RTK/OTF data,
up to 10 Hz position updates
1 02
•
Submeter-accuracy, real-time positioning using pseudorange
corrections
•
Adaptive dual-frequency RTK engine
•
WAAS/EGNOS capability
•
Automatic OTF (on-the-fly) initialization while moving
•
Single Lithium-ion rechargeable battery
•
Cable-free Bluetooth communications with the Trimble
Attachable Control Unit (ACU), or TSCe™ controller with
BlueCap® module (“the controller“)
•
Two RS-232 serial ports for:
–
NMEA output
–
RTCM SC-104 input and output
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Overview
–
12.2
12
Trimble Format (CMR™ & CMR Plus) input and output
•
One TNC port for connecting to a radio antenna
•
2 Mb internal memory for data storage
Use and Care
The 5800 receiver is designed to withstand the rough treatment that
typically occurs in the field. However, the receiver is a high-precision
electronic instrument and should be treated with reasonable care.
WARNING – Operating or storing the 5800 receiver outside the specified
temperature range can damage it. For more information, see Physical
specifications, page 140.
High-power signals from a nearby radio or radar transmitter can
overwhelm the receiver circuits. This does not harm the instrument,
but it can prevent the receiver electronics from functioning correctly.
Avoid using the receiver within 400 meters of powerful radar, television,
or other transmitters. Low-power transmitters such as those used in
cellphones and two-way radios normally do not interfere with 5800
receiver operations.
For more information, see the Trimble technical note Using Radio
Communication Systems with GPS Surveying Receivers.
12.3
COCOM Limits
The U.S. Department of Commerce requires that all exportable GPS
products contain performance limitations so that they cannot be used
in a manner that could threaten the security of the United States. The
following limitations are implemented on the 5800 receiver.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 03
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
C
12
Overview
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Immediate access to satellite measurements and navigation results is
disabled when the receiver’s velocity is computed to be greater than
1000 knots, or its altitude is computed to be above 18,000 meters. The
receiver continuously resets until the COCOM situation is cleared.
1 04
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
13
Setting up the Receiver
In this chapter:
Q
Parts of the Receiver
Q
Setup Guidelines
Q
Pole-Mounted Setup
Q
Other System Components
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
10 5
13
13
Setting up the Receiver
This chapter provides general information on setup, connection, and
cabling for the 5800 receiver.
13.1
Parts of the Receiver
All operating controls on the 5800 receiver are located on the front
panel. Serial ports and connectors are located on the bottom of the
unit.
131.1
Front panel
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Figure 13.1 shows a front view of the 5800 receiver. The front panel
contains the three indicator LEDs, and the power button.
Figure 13.1
5800 receiver front panel
The power button controls the receiver’s power on or off functions.
The indicator LEDs show the status of power, satellite tracking, and
radio reception. For more information, see LED Behavior, page 117.
1 06
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Setting up the Receiver
131.2
13
Lower housing
Figure 13.2 shows the lower housing of the 5800 receiver. The lower
housing contains the two serial ports, one TNC radio antenna
connector, the removable battery compartment and the 5/8-11
threaded insert.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Radio
connection
Port 2
Port 1
Figure 13.2
5800 receiver lower housing
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 07
13
Setting up the Receiver
Each port or connector on the 5800 receiver is marked with an icon to
indicate its main function, as shown in Table 13.1.
Table 13.1
Icon
5800 receiver ports
Name
Connections
Port 1
Device, computer, external radio, power in
Port 2
Device, computer, external radio
RADIO
Radio communications antenna
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Port 1 is a 7-pin 0-shell Lemo connector that supports RS-232 comms
and external power input. Port 1 has no power outputs.
Port 2 is a DB-9 male connector that allows for full 9-pin RS-232
comms. Port 2 does not support power in or out. For more information,
see Default Settings, page 144 and Cables and Connectors, page 147.
The TNC port connector is for connecting a radio antenna to the
receiver internal radio. A whip “rubber duck” antenna is supplied with
the system for units with internal UHF or 900 MHz radios. This
connector is not used if you are using an external radio receiver. For
more information on connecting the 5800 receiver, see the following
sections in this chapter.
13.2
Setup Guidelines
Consider the following guidelines when setting up the 5800 receiver.
132.1
Environmental conditions
Although the 5800 receiver has a waterproof housing, reasonable care
should be taken to protect the unit. Avoid exposure to extreme
environmental conditions, including:
1 08
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Setting up the Receiver
132.2
•
Water
•
Heat greater than 65 °C (149 °F)
•
Cold less than –40 °C (–40 °F)
•
Corrosive fluids and gases
13
Sources of electrical interference
132.3
•
Gasoline engines (spark plugs)
•
Televisions and computer monitors
•
Alternators and generators
•
Electric motors
•
Equipment with DC-to-AC converters
•
Fluorescent lights
•
Switching power supplies
General guidelines
C
WARNING – 5700 and 5800 GPS receivers use a rechargeable Lithium-ion
battery. To avoid personal injury or equipment damage, make sure that
you read and understand the Safety Information chapter at the front of
this manual.
The following guidelines apply whenever you set up your receiver for
operation:
•
When plugging in a Lemo cable, make sure that the red dots on
the receiver port and the cable connector line up. Do not use
force to plug cables in, as this may damage the connector pins.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 09
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Avoid the following sources of electrical and magnetic noise:
13
13.3
Setting up the Receiver
•
When disconnecting a Lemo cable, grasp the cable by the sliding
collar or lanyard and pull the cable connector straight out of the
port. Do not twist the connector or pull on the cable itself.
•
To securely connect a TNC cable, align the cable connector with
the receiver receptacle, then thread the cable connector onto the
receptacle until it is snug.
•
To insert the internal battery place the battery in the battery
compartment, ensuring that the contact points are in the correct
position to align with the contacts in the receiver. Slide the
battery and compartment as a unit upward into the receiver
until the battery compartment latches are locked into position.
Pole-Mounted Setup
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Figure shows the pole-mounted setup for the 5800 receiver. To mount
the 5800 receiver on a range pole:
1.
Thread the unit onto the range pole
2.
Attach the controller bracket to the pole
3.
Insert the controller into the bracket.
With the Trimble ACU, or TSCe controller with BlueCap module,
no cabling is required, as shown in Figure 13.3.
1 10
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Setting up the Receiver
F
F
13
5800 GPS Receiver
Figure 13.3
13.1
5800 receiver pole-mounted setup
Other System Components
This section describes optional components that you can use with the
5800 receiver.
131.1
Radios
Radios are the most common data link for Real-Time Kinematic (RTK)
surveying. The 5800 receiver is available with an optional internal radio
in either the 450 or 900 MHz UHF band. You can also connect an
external radio to either port, whether the internal radio is installed or
not.
The 5800 receiver supports the following Trimble base radios with the
internal 450 MHz or 900 MHz UHF radios:
•
TRIMMARK™ 3
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 11
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
ACU controller
13
Setting up the Receiver
•
TRIMMARK IIe
•
TRIMTALK™ 450S
•
SiteNet™ 450
•
SiteNet 900
Internal Radio Setup
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
You can configure the receiver’s optional internal radio using any of the
following software:
•
GPS Configurator
•
WinFlash
•
Trimble Survey Controller
For more information, refer to the GPS Configurator Help, the
WinFlash Help, or the Trimble Survey Controller User Guide.
By default, the internal radio has only a few “test” frequencies installed
at the factory. Use the WinFlash software to program your licensed
frequencies prior to using the receiver. For more information, see
Adding frequencies for the 450 MHz internal radio, page 133.
131.2
Cellular modems and external radios
You can use a cellular modem or external radio instead of the internal
radio as your data communications link.
To connect a cellular modem to a 5800 receiver, you need the following:
1 12
•
5800 receiver.
•
A cellular modem, or a cellphone that can transmit and receive
data.
•
Serial (cellphone to DB9) cable (supplied with the cellular
modem or phone).
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Setting up the Receiver
13
Note – For more information, refer to the document Using
Cellular and CDPD Modems for RTK, which is available from
the Trimble website.
•
Port 2 of the 5800 receiver supports full RS-232 protocol, and
should function properly with most cellular phone cables. Some
cellular units may require custom cabling.
Alternatively, the receiver also supports a cable-free Bluetooth
connection with Bluetooth enabled cell phones.
For more information on using a cellular modem as a data link, refer to
the Trimble Survey Controller User Guide.
•
5800 Receiver.
•
An external radio capable of receiving and decoding Trimble
data packets.
•
Serial cable for either Port 1 or Port 2 of the receiver, as supplied
by the radio manufacturer.
•
Radio mount for the range pole.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 13
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
To connect an external radio modem to a 5800 receiver, you need the
following:
Setting up the Receiver
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
13
1 14
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
14
General Operation
In this chapter:
Q
Button Functions
Q
LED Behavior
Q
Starting and Stopping the Receiver
Q
Logging Data
Q
Resetting to Defaults
Q
Batteries and Power
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
11 5
14
14
General Operation
Figure 14.1 shows the 5800 receiver front panel controls for the
power on/off functions, or receiver reset. The LEDs provide
power, radio, data logging, and SV tracking status information.
F
Power button
Power/Data status
Radio
SV Tracking
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Figure 14.1
14.1
LEDs
Controls and LEDs on the front panel of the 5800 receiver
Button Functions
The 5800 receiver has only one button, the Power button, represented
in this manual by [P]. Use [P] to switch the receiver on or off, and to
perform other functions, as described in Table 14.1.
Table 14.1
Power button functions
Action
Power button
Turn the receiver on
Press
Turn the receiver off
Hold for 2 seconds
Delete the ephemeris file
Hold for 15 seconds
Reset the receiver to factory defaults
Hold for 15 seconds
Delete application files
Hold for 30 seconds
Note – The term “press” indicates that you should press the button and
release it immediately. The term “hold” indicates that you should press the
button and hold it down until the time indicated has elapsed.
1 16
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
General Operation
14.2
14
LED Behavior
142.1
The term …
means that the LED …
Slow flash
alternates on/off for 500 milliseconds.
Fast flash
alternates rapidly on/off for 100 milliseconds
On
is lit steady
Off
is unlit
LED flash patterns
The following table details the possible flash patterns to indicate
various states of receiver operation.
Receiver mode
Power LED
Radio LED
Satellite LED
Green
Green
Amber
Receiver OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
Receiver ON:
Healthy power
ON
N/A
N/A
Low power
Fast flash
N/A
N/A
Tracking <4 SVs
ON
N/A
Fast flash
Tracking >4 SVs
ON
N/A
Slow flash
Logging data
internally
Flashes off
every 3
seconds
N/A
N/A
Receiving valid data
packets
ON
Slow flash
N/A
No data packets
ON
OFF
N/A
Receiver in Monitor
ON
Slow flash
ON
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 17
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The three LEDs on the front panel of the receiver indicate various
operating conditions. Generally, a lit or slowly flashing LED indicates
normal operation, a LED that is flashing quickly indicates a condition
that may require attention, and an unlit LED indicates that no
operation is occurring. The following table defines each possible LED
state.
14
General Operation
Note – If a column shows “N/A”, that specific LED may or may not be on,
but it is not relevant to that particular mode.
14.3
Starting and Stopping the Receiver
To turn on the receiver, press [P].
To turn off the receiver, hold down [P] for two seconds.
14.4
Logging Data
You can log data internally or to a Trimble controller.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
144.1
Logging internally
The 5800 receiver logs GPS data internally on 2 Mb of internal memory.
You can then use the Trimble Data Transfer utility to transfer logged
data files to the office computer. The transferred files are in Trimble
DAT (.dat) format.
C
WARNING – The 5800 allows for a maximum of 512 files on the internal
memory. The filenames must be in 8.3 format, otherwise files copied to
the internal memory may cause data corruption or loss of data when
logging.
Data is logged using the current logging settings configured in the
receiver. Data files logged internally are named automatically.
To begin internal logging, you must use a Trimble controller, or the GPS
Configurator utility. The 5800 receiver does not have an internal clock,
so you cannot conduct timed sessions.
Note – When the internal memory is full, the receiver stops logging data,
and the Logging/Memory LED switches off. Existing data files are not
overwritten.
1 18
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
General Operation
14
Table 14.2 shows approximate storage requirements for different
logging rates. The values shown are for a one-hour logging session with
six satellites visible.
Table 14.2
Logging rate
Memory required
10 Hz
2,588 KB
1 Hz
335 KB
5 seconds
87 KB
15 seconds
37 KB
Logging to a Trimble controller
When the 5800 receiver is connected to a Trimble controller, you can
log GPS data from the receiver to the controller, or to a PC card inserted
in the controller. When you use a Trimble controller, you do not use the
receiver’s controls. Instead, you use the controller functions to set
logging options, specify filenames, and control when logging occurs.
Data is stored in job files, which can be transferred to your office
computer using Trimble’s Data Transfer utility.
For more information on logging data from a receiver using a Trimble
controller refer to the user guide for your particular controller.
14.5
Resetting to Defaults
To reset the 5800 receiver to its factory default settings, hold down [P]
for at least 15 seconds.
For more information, see Chapter 18, Default Settings.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 19
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
144.2
Storage requirements
14
14.6
General Operation
Batteries and Power
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
5800 GPS receivers use rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries.
1 20
C
WARNING – Do not damage the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery. A
damaged battery can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal
injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not use or charge the battery if it appears to be damaged. Signs of
damage include, but are not limited to, discoloration, warping, and
leaking battery fluid.
– Do not expose the battery to fire, high temperature, or direct sunlight.
– Do not immerse the battery in water.
– Do not use or store the battery inside a vehicle during hot weather.
– Do not drop or puncture the battery.
– Do not open the battery or short-circuit its contacts.
C
WARNING – Avoid contact with the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery if it
appears to be leaking. Battery fluid is corrosive, and contact with it can
result in personal injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– If the battery leaks, avoid contact with the battery fluid.
– If battery fluid gets into your eyes, immediately rinse your eyes with
clean water and seek medical attention. Do not rub your eyes!
– If battery fluid gets onto your skin or clothing, immediately use clean
water to wash off the battery fluid.
C
WARNING – Charge and use the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery only in
strict accordance with the instructions. Charging or using the battery in
unauthorized equipment can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in
personal injury and/or equipment damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not charge or use the battery if it appears to be damaged or leaking.
– Charge the Lithium-ion battery only in a Trimble product that is
specified to charge it. Be sure to follow all instructions that are provided
with the battery charger.
– Discontinue charging a battery that gives off extreme heat or a burning
odor.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
General Operation
14
– Use the battery only in Trimble equipment that is specified to use it.
– Use the battery only for its intended use and according to the
instructions in the product documentation.
Charging the rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries
All battery types discharge over time when they are not being used.
Batteries also discharge faster in colder temperatures. If a Lithium-ion
battery is to be stored for long periods of time, make sure it is fully
charged before storing, and re-charged at least every three months.
A battery that has reached the deep discharge level cannot be
recharged and must be replaced. The following recommendations
provide optimal performance and extend the life of your batteries:
•
Fully charge all new batteries before use.
•
Do not allow the batteries to discharge below 5 volts.
•
Keep all batteries on continuous charge when not in use.
Batteries may be kept on charge indefinitely without damage to
the receiver or batteries.
The rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries are supplied partially charged.
Charge them completely before using for the first time. If a battery has
been stored for longer than six months, charge it before use.
The two internal batteries take approximately eight hours to charge.
They are charged individually, so each battery takes approximately 4
hours to charge.The internal batteries start charging whenever an
external power supply of greater than 15 V is detected.
Storing the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery
•
Do not store batteries in the receiver or external charger unless
power is applied.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 21
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
To protect the batteries from deep discharge (5 volts or less), the
receiver is designed to switch batteries or cease drawing power when
the battery pack discharges to 5.9 volts.
14
General Operation
•
If you must store the batteries, fully charge them before storing
and then recharge them at least every three months.
Disposing of the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery
Discharge the Lithium-ion battery before disposing of it. When
disposing of the battery, be sure to do so in an environmentally
sensitive manner. Adhere to any local and national regulations
concerning battery disposal or recycling.
146.1
Power output
The 5800 receiver does not supply power from either of its 2 ports.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
146.2
Firmware
A receiver’s firmware is the program inside the receiver that controls
receiver operations and hardware. You can upgrade the firmware for
the 5800 receiver using the WinFlash software provided on the
Trimble R7, Trimble R8, 5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD.
For more information, see The WinFlash Software, page 131.
C
1 22
WARNING – Upgrading the firmware deletes all application files on the
5800 receiver.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
15
Configuration
In this chapter:
Q
Configuring the Receiver in Real Time
Q
Configuring the Receiver Using Application Files
Q
Application Files
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
12 3
15
15
Configuration
The 5800 receiver has no controls for changing settings. It can only be
configured using external software such as GPS Configurator,
WinFlash, or Trimble Survey Controller.
There are two ways to configure the 5800 receiver. You can:
•
configure the receiver in real time
•
apply the settings in an application file
This chapter provides a brief overview of each of these methods and
describes the contents and use of application files.
15.1
Configuring the Receiver in Real Time
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
GPS Configurator and Trimble Survey Controller software both support
real-time configuration of the 5800 receiver.
When you configure the receiver in real time, you use one of these
software applications to specify which settings you want to change.
When you apply the changes, the receiver settings change immediately.
Any changes that you apply to the receiver are reflected in the current
application file, which is always present in the receiver. The current
application file always records the most recent configuration, so if you
apply further changes (either in real time or using an application file)
the current file is updated and there is no record of the changes that
you applied originally.
For more information on configuring the receiver in real time, see
Chapter 16, Software Utilities.
Configuring the Receiver Using Application
Files
15.2
An application file contains information for configuring a receiver. To
configure a receiver using an application file, you need to create the
application file, transfer it to the receiver, and then apply the file’s
settings. Use the GPS Configurator software to perform all these tasks.
1 24
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Configuration
15
For more information on applying application files, see Chapter 16,
Software Utilities.
Application Files
An application file is organized into records. Each record stores
configuration information for a particular area of receiver operation.
Application files can include the following records:
•
File Storage
•
General Controls
•
Serial Port Baud/Format
•
Reference Position
•
Logging Rate
•
SV Enable/Disable
•
Output Message
•
Antenna
•
Device Control
•
Static/Kinematic
•
Input Message
An application file does not have to contain all of these records. When
you apply an application file, any option that is not included in the
records in the file remains at its current setting. For example, if you
apply an application file that only specifies the elevation mask to use,
all other settings remain as they were before the application file was
applied.
You can store up to twenty different application files in the receiver. You
can apply an application file’s settings at the time it is transferred to the
receiver, or at any time afterwards.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 25
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
15.3
15
153.1
Configuration
Special application files
The 5800 receiver has three special application files, which control
important aspects of the receiver’s configuration.
Default application file
The default application file (Default.cfg) contains the original receiver
configuration, and cannot be changed. This file configures the receiver
after it is reset. You can reset the receiver by holding down [P] for at least
15 seconds, or by using the reset option in GPS Configurator.
For more information on the default receiver settings, see Default
Settings, page 143.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Although you cannot change or delete the default application file, you
can use a power up application file to override any or all of the default
settings.
Current application file
The current application file (Current.cfg) reflects the current receiver
configuration. Whenever you change the receiver’s configuration,
either in real time or by applying an application file, the current file
changes to match the new configuration.
You cannot delete the current file or change it directly, but every
change to the receiver’s current configuration is applied to the current
file as well.
When you switch off the receiver then turn it on again, all the settings
from the current application file are applied, so you do not lose any
changes that you have made. The only exceptions are the following
logging parameters:
1 26
•
Logging rate
•
Position rate
•
Elevation mask
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Configuration
15
These parameters are always reset to the factory default values
whenever the receiver is switched off.
Power Up application file
The power up application file (Power_up.cfg) is used to set the receiver
to a specific configuration any time the unit is powered up.
Alternatively, you can specify that the power up settings are applied
immediately after the current application file’s settings have been
applied. Restarting the receiver results in a configuration that uses your
default settings for the options you define in the power up file, but the
current settings for all other options.
By default, there is no power up application file on the receiver. If you
want to use a power up application file, you need to create an
application file in GPS Configurator and make sure that the As auto
power up file option is selected in the File page. When you transfer this
file to the receiver, it is transferred with the name Power_up.cfg, and
becomes the new power up file.
The power up file is the only special application file that you can
overwrite or delete from the receiver.
153.2
Applying application files
An application file’s settings do not affect the receiver’s configuration
until you apply the application file. You can do this at the same time
that you save the file. Alternatively, you can save the file on the
computer or in the receiver, then open it later and apply its settings.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 27
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
You can specify that the receiver is reset to defaults before the power up
settings are applied. This ensures that restarting the receiver always
resets it to factory defaults prior to applying the power up application
file.
15
153.3
Configuration
Storing application files
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
You can store application files that you create in GPS Configurator on
both your receiver and computer. Each file can, for example, represent
a different user sharing the same receiver, or a particular mode of
operation or survey style. Saving application files on your computer as
well as in your receiver is optional, but it is useful because:
153.4
•
it gives you a permanent copy of the settings you have sent to a
receiver, for audit or your own reference
•
you can use the same file to configure multiple receivers
identically
•
you can use an existing application file as a template for creating
other application files with similar settings
Naming application files
The filename that you use to store the application file in the computer
and the name under which the file is stored in the receiver are always
the same. This makes recognizing and keeping track of your
application files easier. If you change the name of the file on the
receiver, this changes the filename used to store the application file on
your computer. Similarly, if you change the filename on the computer,
the name of the file in the receiver will change.
1 28
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
16
Software Utilities
In this chapter:
Q
The GPS Configurator Software
Q
The WinFlash Software
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
12 9
16
16
Software Utilities
This chapter provides information on the software utilities that you can
use with the 5800 receiver.
16.1
The GPS Configurator Software
The GPS Configurator software enables you to configure a survey-grade
Trimble GPS receiver connected to your desktop computer and save
the configurations. Use the GPS Configurator software to view the
current receiver settings, check GPS information, and change receiver
settings.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
161.1
Installing GPS Configurator
A copy of GPS Configurator is included on the Trimble R7, Trimble R8,
5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD.
To install the software:
160.1
1.
Insert the CD into the CD drive on your computer.
2.
From the main menu select Install individual software packages.
3.
Select Install GPS Configurator vX.XX
4.
Follow the onscreen instructions.
Configuring the 5800 receiver
To configure a 5800 receiver using GPS Configurator:
1 30
1.
Connect Port 1 or 2 on the receiver to a serial (COM) port on the
computer and apply power.
2.
To start GPS Configurator, click
, then select
Programs / Trimble / GPS Configurator / GPS Configurator.
3.
Select 5800 in the Device Type dialog.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Software Utilities
16
The software automatically establishes a connection with the
5800 receiver.
4.
Make appropriate selections for your required receiver settings.
For more information, refer to the GPS Configurator Help.
5.
Click Apply.
The settings in GPS Configurator are applied to the receiver.
Alternatively, you can save the settings to your computer. For more
information, refer to the GPS Configurator Help.
16.1
The WinFlash Software
•
installing software, firmware, and option upgrades
•
running diagnostics ( for example, retrieving configuration
information)
•
configuring radios
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The WinFlash software communicates with Trimble products to
perform various functions including:
For more information, online help is also available when using the
WinFlash software.
Note – The WinFlash software runs on Microsoft Windows 95, 98,
Windows NT®, 2000, Me, or XP operating systems.
161.1
Installing the WinFlash software
The WinFlash software can be installed from the Trimble R7,
Trimble R8, 5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD, or from the Trimble
website.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 31
16
Software Utilities
Installing the WinFlash software from the CD
160.1
1.
Insert the disk into the CD drive on your computer.
2.
From the main menu select Install individual software packages.
3.
Select Install WinFlash vX.XX with 5700/5800 drivers and
firmware.
4.
Follow the on-screen instructions.
Upgrading firmware
Your 5800 receiver is supplied with the latest version of receiver
firmware installed. If a later version becomes available, upgrade the
firmware installed on your receiver.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The WinFlash software guides you through the firmware upgrade
process. The steps required are described below. For more information,
refer to the WinFlash Help.
To upgrade the 5800 receiver firmware:
1.
Start the WinFlash software. The Device Configuration screen
appears.
2.
From the Device type list select 5800 Receiver.
3.
From the PC serial port field select the serial (COM) port on the
computer that the receiver is connected to.
4.
Click Next.
The Operation Selection screen appears. The Operations list
shows all of the supported operations for the selected device. A
description of the selected operation is shown in the Description
field.
5.
Select GPS software upgrade and click Next.
The GPS Software Selection window appears. This screen
prompts you to select the software that you want to install on
the 5800 receiver.
1 32
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Software Utilities
6.
16
Select the latest version from the Available Software list and click
Next.
The Settings Review window appears. This screen prompts you to
connect the receiver, suggests a connection method, and then
lists the receiver configuration and selected operation.
7.
If all is correct, click Finish.
Based on the selections shown above, the Software Upgrade
window appears and shows the status of the operation ( for
example, Establishing communication with the 5800. Please
wait…).
8.
Click OK.
9.
Click Menu to select another operation, or click Exit to quit the
WinFlash software.
10. If you click Exit, another screen appears asking you to confirm
that you want to quit the WinFlash software. Click OK.
160.1
Adding frequencies for the 450 MHz internal radio
If your 5800 receiver has the optional internal 450 MHz radio installed,
you must use the WinFlash software to add frequencies to the default
list.
To add radio frequencies:
1.
Start the WinFlash software. The Device Configuration screen
appears.
2.
From the Device type list select 5800 Receiver.
3.
From the PC serial port field select the serial (COM) port on the
computer that the receiver is connected to.
4.
Click Next.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 33
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The Software Upgrade window appears again and states that the
operation was completed successfully.
16
Software Utilities
The Operation Selection screen appears. The Operations list
shows all of the supported operations for the selected device. A
description of the selected operation is shown in the Description
field.
5.
Select Configure Radio and click Next.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The Frequency Selection dialog appears:
6.
1 34
In the Wireless Format group, select the appropriate channel and
wireless mode. The Wireless Mode must be the same for all
radios in your network.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Software Utilities
7.
In the Edit Frequency field, enter the frequency you require.
8.
Click Add. The new frequency appears in the Selected
Frequencies list.
16
Note – The frequencies that you program must conform to the
channel spacing and minimum tuning requirements for the
radio. To view this information, click Radio Info. You may select
either 12.5 or 25 kHz channel spacing. All radios in your
network must use the same channel spacing.
9.
When you have configured all the frequencies you require, click
OK.
160.1
Configuring the internal 900 MHz radio setup
Use one of the following:
•
The Trimble Survey Controller software running on a Trimble
controller
•
The WinFlash software (provided on the Trimble R7, Trimble R8,
5700, and 5800 GPS Receivers CD)
The internal radio has 40 available networks. You must choose the
same network that is configured in the base radio you want to receive
from.
Configuring the radio network using the Trimble
Survey Controller software
1.
Connect to the 5800 receiver with Bluetooth (or the appropriate
data cable if necessary).
2.
From the main menu on the controller, select Configuration.
3.
In the dialog that appears, select Survey styles, then from the
Type field, select RTK.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 35
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The WinFlash software updates the 5800 receiver’s radio
frequencies and then restarts the receiver.
16
Software Utilities
4.
Select Rover radio, then from the Type field select Trimble
Internal.
5.
Tap the Connect softkey.
6.
Once connected, in the Network number field enter the number
of the network set on your base radio.
Note – The Base Radio Mode field is not used here.
7.
Tap the Enter softkey to complete configuration.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Configuring the radio network using the WinFlash
software
1.
Connect the data/power cable to Port 1 on the receiver.
2.
Connect the female DE-9 connector on the other end of the
data/power cable to a serial (COM) port on the computer.
3.
Start the WinFlash software. The Device Configuration dialog
appears.
4.
From the Device type list, select 5800 Receiver.
5.
From the PC serial port field, select the serial port on the
computer that the receiver is connected to and click Next.
6.
From the Operation selection dialog, select Configure radio and
click Next.
7.
Confirm that your current settings are correct and click Finish.
The Configure 900MHz radio dialog appears.
8.
In the Network number field, select the same network that is set
on your base radio.
9.
In the Country setting field, select one of the following (according
to how your base radio was shipped):
–
1 36
Your country (if available). This sets the radio to the a
specific frequency range being transmitted by the base
radio.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Software Utilities
–
16
A single frequency. This limits the frequencies used to those
authorized in your particular country.
10. Click OK.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The WinFlash software updates the radio settings and then restarts the
receiver.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 37
Software Utilities
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
16
1 38
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
17
Specifications
In this chapter:
Q
Physical Specifications
Q
Positioning Specifications
Q
Technical Specifications
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
13 9
17
17
Specifications
This chapter details the specifications of the 5800 receiver.
17.1
Physical Specifications
Table 17.1 lists physical specifications for the 5800 receiver.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 17.1
Feature
Specification
Size
19cm (7.5") wide x 10cm (3.9") deep
including connectors
Weight: with internal battery
and radio
1.21 kg (2.7 lbs)
Battery life
(at 20 °C)
Approximately 5.5 hours for one 2.0 ah
Lithium-ion battery
External Power input
11–28 VDC
Operating temperature
–40 °C to +65 °C (–40 °F to +149 °F)a
Storage temperature
–40 °C to +70 °C (–40 °F to +158 °F)
Humidity
100% condensing, unit fully sealed
Casing
Dust-proof, shock- and vibration-resistant
aReceiver
1 40
Physical specifications
is rated to -40 °C. Batteries are rated to -20 °C.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Specifications
Positioning Specifications
Table 17.2 lists positioning specifications for the 5800 receiver.
Table 17.2
Positioning specifications
Positioning
Mode
Horizontal Accuracy Vertical Accuracy
(RMS)
(RMS)
RTK (OTF)
Synchronized
1 cm + 1 ppm
(× baseline length)
2 cm + 1 ppm
(× baseline length)
Low Latency
2 cm + 2 ppm
(× baseline length)a
3 cm + 2 ppm
(× baseline length)a
L1 C/A Code
Phase
Synchronized/
Low Latency
.25m + 1ppm RMS
.50m + 1ppm RMS
Static/
FastStatic
N/A
5 mm + 0.5 ppm
(× baseline length)
5 mm + 1 ppm
(× baseline length)
WAAS
N/A
Less than 5 mb
Less than 5 mb
a
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
17.2
17
Depends on radio link latency.
b
3D RMS values depend on WAAS system performance.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 41
17
17.3
Specifications
Technical Specifications
Table 17.3 lists technical specifications for the 5800 receiver.
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 17.3
1 42
Technical specifications
Feature
Specification
Tracking
24 channels L1 C/A code, L1/L2 full cycle carrier
Fully operational during P-code encryption
WAAS satellite tracking
Signal processing
Maxwell architecture
Very low-noise C/A code processing
Multipath suppression
Start-up
Cold start: < 60 seconds from power on
Warm start: < 30 seconds with recent ephemeris
Initialization
Automatic while moving or static
Minimum
initialization time
10 sec + 0.5 × baseline length (km)
Communications
Two RS-232 serial ports (Port 1, Port 2,)
Port 1: Baud Rates up to 115,200 bps
Port 2: Baud Rates up to 115,200 bps
RTS/CTS flow control negotiation supported on Port 2
only
Bluetooth communications with Trimble ACU or TSCe
controller with BlueCap module
Configuration
Via user-definable application files or GPS
Configurator
Output formats
NMEA-0183: AVR; GGA; GSA; GST; GSV; PTNL,GGK;
PTNL,GGK_SYNC; HDT; PTNL,PJK; PTNL,PJT; ROT;
PTNL,VGK; VHD; VTG; ZDA
GSOF (Trimble Binary Streamed Output)
RT17
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
18
Default Settings
In this chapter:
Q
Default Settings
Q
Resetting to Factory Defaults
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
14 3
18
18
Default Settings
All 5800 receiver settings are stored in application files. The default
application file, Default.cfg, is stored permanently in the receiver, and
contains the factory default settings for the 5800 receiver. Whenever
the receiver is reset to its factory defaults, the current settings (stored in
the current application file, Current.cfg) are reset to the values in the
default application file.
You cannot modify the default application file. However, if there is a
power up application file (Power_Up.cfg) in the receiver, the settings in
this file can be applied immediately after the default application file,
overriding the factory defaults.
For more information, see Application Files, page 125.
18.1
Default Settings
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 18.1 defines the default settings for the 5700 receiver, as defined
in the default application file.
Table 18.1
Default settings
Function
Factory default
SV Enable
All SVs enabled
General Controls:
Serial Port 1:
Serial Port 2:
1 44
Elevation mask
13°
SNR mask
7
RTK positioning mode
Low Latency
Motion
Kinematic
Baud rate
115,200
Format
8-None-1
Flow control
None
Baud rate
115,200
Format
8-None-1
Flow control
None
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Default Settings
Default settings (Continued)
Function
Input Setup:
Station
Any
NMEA/ASCII (all messages)
All Ports Off
Streamed output
All Types Off
Offset = 00
RT17/Binary
All Ports Off
Reference position:
Antenna:
18.2
Factory default
Latitude
0°
Longitude
0°
Altitude
0.00 m HAE
Type
5800 Internal
Height (true vertical)
0.00 m
Group
All
Measurement method
Bottom of mount
Resetting to Factory Defaults
To reset the 5800 receiver to its factory defaults, do one of the following:
•
•
Press and hold down [P] on the 5800 receiver for 15 seconds.
In GPS Configurator select the General tab and then click Reset
Receiver.
182.1
Default behavior
The factory defaults specified above are applied whenever you start the
receiver. If a Power Up file is present in the receiver, its settings are
applied immediately after the default settings, so you can use a Power
Up file to define your own set of defaults.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 45
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table 18.1
18
18
Default Settings
182.2
Power up settings
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
When you turn the receiver off, any changes that you have made to
logging settings are lost and these settings are returned to the factory
defaults. Other settings remain as defined in the Current file. The next
time you turn on the receiver, the receiver checks for a Power Up file
and, if one is present, applies the settings in this file.
When you use [P] to turn the receiver
off then on again and …
then logging
settings are …
and all other
settings are …
you changed the receiver settings by
applying an application file
the factory defaults
the last settings used
you changed the receiver settings using
configuration software
the factory defaults
the last settings used
there is a Power Up application file in the
receiver
the factory defaults,
or those in the Power
Up filea
the last settings used,
or those in the Power
Up file
aA
factory default setting is used only if the setting is not defined in the Power Up file.
1 46
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
CHAPTER
19
Cables and Connectors
In this chapter:
Q
Port 1 and 2 Connectors
Q
Power/Serial Data Cables
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
14 7
19
19
Cables and Connectors
This chapter provides pinout information for the 5800 receiver
standard and optional cables. This information can be used to prepare
special cables for connecting the 5800 receiver to devices and
instruments not supported by the standard and optional cables.
19.1
Port 1 and 2 Connectors
Figure 19.1 shows the location of the 5800 receiver serial ports.
Port 1
Port 2
1
2
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
BARCODE S/N LABEL
Figure 19.1
5800 serial ports
Figure 19.2 gives pinout requirements for the connector labeled
Port 1.
1 48
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Cables and Connectors
1
7
6
5
2
3
Figure 19.2
19
4
Port 1 connector
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Figure 19.3 gives pinout requirements for the connector labeled
Port 2.
Pins 9 8 7 6
Pins 5 4 3 2 1
Figure 19.3
Port 2 connector
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 49
19
Cables and Connectors
Table 19.1 describes the pinout functionality.
Table 19.1
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Pin
19.2
5800 port pinouts
Pinout function
Port 1 - 7-pin Lemo
Port 2 - DB-9
1
Signal ground
DCD
2
- Power ground
RXD
3
TXD
TXD
4
N/C
DTR
5
N/C
Signal ground
6
+ Power in
DSR
7
TRXD
RTS
8
N/A
CTS
9
N/A
Ring indicator
Power/Serial Data Cables
Note – Table 19.2 gives pinout information for the data-I/O cable,
(PN 18532) which is supplied with the 5800 receiver
Note – Table 19.2 assumes that the cable is attached to the connector
labeled Port 2.
Table 19.2
1 50
Data-I/O cable pinouts
DB-9 Female
DB-9 Female
9 Pin
9 pin
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1-6
DCD5_232
4
DTR5_232
2
RX5_232
3
TX5_232
3
TX5_232
2
RX5_232
4
DTR5_232
1-6
DCD5_232
5
GND
5
GND
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Cables and Connectors
Table 19.2
19
Data-I/O cable pinouts (Continued)
DB-9 Female
DB-9 Female
9 Pin
9 pin
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
7
RTS5_232
8
CTS5_232
8
CTS5_232
7
RTS5_232
9
no connection RI5_232
9
Note – Table 19.2 gives pinout information for the power/serial data cable,
(PN 32345) which is optional for use with the 5800 receiver. This cable may
be used for firmware upgrades through Port 1 of the 5800, while also
supplying external power.
Note – Table 19.3 assumes that the cable is attached to the connector
labeled Port 1.
Table 19.3
Power/serial data cable pinouts
Lemo 0-shell
connector
Directio
n
7 Pin
DE9-F connector
Power lead
7 Cond
2 Cond
Pin
Function
Pin
Color
Function
1
GND
↔
5
Brown
Signal ground
2
GND
→
3
TX3_232
→
2
Orange
TXD
4
RTS/TXD
→
8
Blue
RTS
5
CTS/RXD
←
7
Green
CTS
6
PWR_IN
←
7
RX3_232
←
3
Yellow
Color
Function
Black
V-OUT
Red
Power IN (+)
TXD
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 51
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
This data cable may be used for firmware upgrades and other
computer functions with the 5800. Power must be supplied to the unit
via Port 1, or from the internal battery.
Cables and Connectors
5800 GPS Receiver Operation
19
1 52
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
SECTION
III
5700 and 5800 GPS
RECEIVER APPENDIXES
I
APPENDIX
A
NMEA-0183 Output
In this chapter:
Q
NMEA-0183 Outputs
Q
Common Message Elements
Q
NMEA Messages
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
15 5
A
A
NMEA-0183 Output
This appendix describes the formats of the subset of NMEA-0183
messages that are available for output by the receivers. For a copy of the
NMEA-0183 Standard, go to the National Marine Electronics
Association website at www.nmea.org.
A.1
NMEA-0183 Outputs
When NMEA-0183 output is enabled, a subset of NMEA-0183 messages
can be output to external instruments and equipment connected to the
5700 or 5800 serial ports. These NMEA-0183 messages let external
devices use selected data collected or computed by the GPS receiver.
All messages conform to the NMEA-0183 version 2.30 format. All begin
with $ and end with a carriage return and a line feed. Data fields follow
comma (,) delimiters and are variable in length. Null fields still follow
comma (,) delimiters but contain no information.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
An asterisk (*) delimiter and checksum value follow the last field of data
contained in an NMEA-0183 message. The checksum is the 8-bit
exclusive OR of all characters in the message, including the commas
between fields, but not including the $ and asterisk delimiters. The
hexadecimal result is converted to two ASCII characters (0–9, A–F).
The most significant character appears first.
Table A.1 summarizes the set of NMEA messages supported by the
5700 and 5800 receivers, and shows the page where detailed
information about each message can be found.
Table A.1
1 56
NMEA message summary
Message
Function
Page
AVR
Time, yaw, tilt, range, mode, PDOP, and
number of SVs for Moving Baseline RTK
160
GGA
Time, position, and fix related data
161
GSA
GPS receiver operating mode
162
GST
Position error statistics
163
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
NMEA message summary (continued)
Message
Function
Page
GSV
Number of SVs in view, PRN, elevation,
azimuth, and SNR
164
HDT
Heading from True North
164
PTNL,GGK
Time, position, position type and DOP values 165
PTNL,GGK_SYNC
Time, synchronized position, position type
and DOP values
166
PTNL,PJK
Local coordinate position output
168
PTNL,PJT
Projection type
169
PTNL,VGK
Time, locator vector, type and DOP values
169
PTNL,VHD
Heading Information
170
ROT
Rate of turn
171
VTG
Actual track made good and speed over
ground
172
ZDA
UTC day, month, and year, and local time
zone offset
173
To enable or disable the output of individual NMEA messages, do one
of the following:
•
Create an application file in GPS Configurator that contains
NMEA output settings and then send the file to the receiver.
•
Add NMEA outputs in the Serial outputs tab of GPS Configurator
and then apply the settings.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 57
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table A.1
A
A
A.2
NMEA-0183 Output
Common Message Elements
Each message contains:
•
A message ID consisting of $GP followed by the message type.
For example, the message ID of the GGA message is $GPGGA.
•
A comma
•
A number of fields, depending on the message type, separated by
commas
•
An asterisk
•
A checksum
Below is an example of a simple message with a message ID ($GPGGA),
followed by 13 fields and checksum value:
$GPGGA,172814.0,3723.46587704,N,12202.26957864,W,2,6,1.2,18.
893,M,-25.669,M,2.0,0031*4F
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
A2.1
Message values
The following values can be found in NMEA messages that the receiver
generates.
Latitude and Longitude
Latitude is represented as ddmm.mmmm and longitude is represented
as dddmm.mmmm, where:
•
dd or ddd is degrees
•
mm.mmmm is minutes and decimal fractions of minutes
Direction
Direction (north, south, east, or west) is represented by a single
character: N, S, E, or W.
1 58
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
A
Time
Time values are presented in Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) and
are represented as hhmmss.cc, where:
hh is hours, from 00 to 23
•
mm is minutes
•
ss is seconds
•
cc is hundredths of seconds
NMEA Messages
When NMEA-0183 output is enabled, the following messages can be
generated.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
A.3
•
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 59
A
NMEA-0183 Output
AVR
Time, Yaw, Tilt, Range for Moving Baseline RTK
The AVR message string is shown below, and Table A.2 describes the
message fields.
$PTNL,AVR,181059.6,+149.4688,Yaw,+0.0134,Tilt,,,60.191,3,2.5,6*00
Table A.2
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of vector fix
2
Yaw angle in degrees
3
Yaw
4
Tilt angle in degrees
5
Tilt
6
Reserved
7
Reserved
8
Range in meters
9
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
AVR message fields
Quality indicator:
0:
1:
2:
3:
4:
1 60
Fix not available or invalid
Autonomous GPS fix
Differential carrier phase solution RTK (Float)
Differential carrier phase solution RTK (Fix)
Differential code-based solution, DGPS
10
PDOP
11
Number of satellites used in solution
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
Time, Position, and Fix Related Data
An example of the GGA message string is shown below. Table A.3
describes the message fields.
$GPGGA,172814.0,3723.46587704,N,12202.26957864,W,
2,6,1.2,18.893,M,-25.669,M,2.0,0031*4F
Table A.3
GGA message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of position fix
2
Latitude
3
Direction of latitude:
N: North
S: South
4
5
Longitude
Direction of longitude:
E: East
W: West
6
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
GGA
A
GPS Quality indicator:
0: Fix not valid
1: GPS fix
2: Differential GPS fix
4: Real Time Kinematic, fixed integers
5: Real Time Kinematic, float integers
7
Number of SVs in use, range from 00 to 12
8
HDOP
9
Orthometric height (MSL reference)
10
M: unit of measure for height is meters
11
Geoid separation
12
M: geoid separation is measured in meters
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 61
A
NMEA-0183 Output
Table A.3
GSA
GGA message fields (continued)
Field
Meaning
13
Age of differential GPS data record, Type 1 or Type 9. Null field
when DGPS is not used.
14
Reference station ID, ranging from 0000 to 1023. A null field
when any reference station ID is selected and no corrections
are received.
GNSS DOP and active satellites
An example of the GSA message string is shown below. Table A.4
describes the message fields.
$GPGSA,<1>,<2>,<3>,<3>,,,,,<3>,<3>,<3>,<4>,<5>,
<6>*<7><CR><LF>
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table A.4
1 62
GSA message fields
Field
Meaning
1
Mode 1, M = manual, A = automatic
2
Mode 2, Fix type, 1 = not available, 2 = 2D, 3 = 3D
3
PRN number, 01 to 32, of satellite used in solution, up to 12
transmitted
4
PDOP-Position dilution of precision, 0.5 to 99.9
5
HDOP-Horizontal dilution of precision, 0.5 to 99.9
6
VDOP-Vertical dilution of precision, 0.5 to 99.9
7
Checksum
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
Position Error Statistics
An example of the GST message string is shown below. Table A.5
describes the message fields.
$GPGST,172814.0,0.006,0.023,0.020,273.6,
0.023,0.020,0.031*6A
Table A.5
GST message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of position fix
2
RMS value of the pseudorange residuals (includes carrier phase
residuals during periods of RTK(float) and RTK(fixed)
processing)
3
Error ellipse semi-major axis 1 sigma error, in meters
4
Error ellipse semi-minor axis 1 sigma error, in meters
5
Error ellipse orientation, degrees from true north
6
Latitude 1 sigma error, in meters
7
Longitude 1 sigma error, in meters
8
Height 1 sigma error, in meters
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
GST
A
1 63
A
NMEA-0183 Output
GSV
Satellite Information
The GSV message string identifies the number of SVs in view, the PRN
numbers, elevations, azimuths, and SNR values. An example of the GSV
message string is shown below. Table A.6 describes the message fields.
$GPGSV,4,1,13,02,02,213,,03,-3,000,,
11,00,121,,14,13,172,05*67
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table A.6
HDT
GSV message fields
Field
Meaning
1
Total number of messages of this type in this cycle
2
Message number
3
Total number of SVs visible
4
SV PRN number
5
Elevation, in degrees, 90° maximum
6
Azimuth, degrees from True North, 000° to 359°
7
SNR, 00–99 dB (null when not tracking)
8–11
Information about second SV, same format as fields 4–7
12–15
Information about third SV, same format as fields 4–7
16–19
Information about fourth SV, same format as fields 4–7
Heading from True North
The HDT string is shown below, and Table A.7 describes the message
fields.
$GPHDT,123.456,T*00
Table A.7
1 64
Heading from true north fields
Field
Meaning
1
Heading in degrees
2
T: Indicates heading relative to True North
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
A
PTNL,GGK
Time, Position, Position Type, DOP
An example of the PTNL,GGK message string is shown below. Table A.8
describes the message fields.
$PTNL,GGK,172814.00,071296,
3723.46587704,N,12202.26957864,W,
3,06,1.7,EHT-6.777,M*48
Table A.8
PTNL,GGK message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of position fix
2
Date
3
Latitude
4
Direction of latitude:
N: North
5
Longitude
6
Direction of Longitude:
E: East
W: West
7
GPS Quality indicator:
0: Fix not available or invalid
1: Autonomous GPS fix
2: Differential, floating carrier phase integer-based solution,
RTK(float)
3: Differential, fixed carrier phase integer-based solution,
RTK(fixed)
4: Differential, code phase only solution (DGPS)
8
Number of satellites in fix
9
DOP of fix
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 65
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
S: South
A
NMEA-0183 Output
Table A.8
PTNL,GGK message fields (continued)
Field
Meaning
10
Ellipsoidal height of fix
11
M: ellipsoidal height is measured in meters
Note – The PTNL,GGK message is longer than the NMEA-0183 standard
of 80 characters.
PTNL,GGK_SYNC
Time, Synchronized Position, Position Type, DOP
The PTNL,GGK_SYNC message has the same format as the PTNL,GGK
message, but outputs Synchronized 1 Hz positions even in Low Latency
mode. An example of the PTNL,GGK_SYNC message string is shown
below. Table A.9 describes the message fields.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
$PTNL,GGK_SYNC,172814.00,071296,
3723.46587704,N,12202.26957864,W,
3,06,1.7,EHT-6.777,M*48
Table A.9
PTNL,GGK_SYNC message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of position fix
2
Date
3
Latitude
4
Direction of latitude:
N: North
S: South
5
Longitude
6
Direction of Longitude:
E: East
W: West
1 66
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
Table A.9
A
PTNL,GGK_SYNC message fields (continued)
Field
Meaning
7
GPS Quality indicator:
0: Fix not available or invalid
1: Autonomous GPS fix
2: Differential, floating carrier phase integer-based solution,
RTK(float)
3: Differential, fixed carrier phase integer-based solution,
RTK(fixed)
4: Differential, code phase only solution (DGPS)
8
Number of satellites in fix
9
DOP of fix
10
Ellipsoidal height of fix
11
M: ellipsoidal height is measured in meters
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Note – The PTNL,GGK_SYNC message is longer than the NMEA-0183
standard of 80 characters.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 67
A
NMEA-0183 Output
PTNL,PJK
Local Coordinate Position Output
An example of the PTNL,PJK message string is shown below. Table A.10
describes the message fields.
$PTNL,PJK,010717.00,081796,
+732646.511,N,+1731051.091,E,
1,05,2.7,EHT-28.345,M*7C
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table A.10
PTNL,PJK message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of position fix
2
Date
3
Northing, in meters
4
Direction of Northing will always be N (North)
5
Easting, in meters
6
Direction of Easting will always be E (East)
7
GPS Quality indicator:
0: Fix not available or invalid
1: Autonomous GPS fix
2: Differential, floating carrier phase integer-based solution,
RTK (float)
3: Differential, fixed carrier integer-based solution, RTK
(fixed)
4: Differential, code phase only solution (DGPS)
8
Number of satellites in fix
9
DOP of fix
10
Ellipsoidal height of fix
11
M: ellipsoidal height is measured in meters
Note – The PTNL,PJK message is longer than the NMEA-0183 standard of
80 characters.
1 68
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
A
PTNL,PJT
Projection Type
An example of the PTNL,PJT message string is shown below. Table A.11
describes the message fields.
$PTNL,PJT,NAD83(Conus),California Zone 4 0404,*51
Table A.11
PTNL,PJT message fields
Field
Meaning
1
Coordinate system name (can include multiple words)
2
Projection name (can include multiple coordinates)
PTNL,VGK
Vector Information
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
An example of the PTNL,VGK message string is shown below.
Table A.12 describes the message fields.
$PTNL,VGK,160159.00,010997,-0000.161,
00009.985,-0000.002,3,07,1,4,M*0B
Table A.12
PTNL,VGK message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of vector in hhmmss.ss format
2
Date in mmddyy format
3
East component of vector, in meters
4
North component of vector, in meters
5
Up component of vector, in meters
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 69
A
NMEA-0183 Output
Table A.12
Field
PTNL,VGK message fields (continued)
Meaning
6
GPS quality indicator:
0: Fix not available or invalid
1: Autonomous GPS fix
2: Differential carrier phase solution RTK(float)
3: Differential carrier phase solution RTK(fix)
4: Differential code-based solution, DGPS
7
Number of satellites if fix solution
8
DOP of fix
9
M: Vector components are in meters
PTNL,VHD
Heading Information
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
An example of the PTNL,VHD message string is shown below.
Table A.13 describes the message fields.
$PTNL,VHD,030556.00,093098,187.718,
-22.138,-76.929,-5.015,0.033,0.006,
3,07,2.4,M*22
Table A.13
1 70
PTNL,VHD message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC of position, in hhmmss.ss,ddmmyy format
2
Date in mmddyy format
3
Azimuth
4
∆Azimuth/∆Time
5
Vertical Angle
6
∆Vertical/∆Time
7
Range
8
∆Range/∆Time
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
Table A.13
A
PTNL,VHD message fields (continued)
Field
Meaning
9
Quality indicator:
0: Fix not available or invalid
1: Autonomous GPS fix
2: Differential carrier phase solution RTK(float)
3: Differential carrier phase solution RTK(fix)
4: Differential code-based solution, DGPS
Number of satellites used in solution
11
PDOP
Rate of Turn
The ROT string is shown below, and Table A.14 describes the message
fields.
$GPROT,35.6,A*4E
Table A.14
ROT message fields
Field
Meaning
1
Rate of turn, degrees/minutes, "–" indicates bow turns to
port
2
A:
V:
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
ROT
10
Valid data
Invalid data
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 71
A
NMEA-0183 Output
VTG
Actual Track Made Good Over and Speed Over Ground
An example of the VTG message string is shown below. Table A.15
describes the message fields.
$GPVTG,,T,,M,0.00,N,0.00,K*4E
Table A.15
VTG message fields
Meaning
1
Track made good (degrees true)
2
T: track made good is relative to true north
3
Track made good (degrees magnetic)
4
M: track made good is relative to magnetic north
5
Speed, in knots
6
N: speed is measured in knots
7
Speed over ground in kilometers/hour (kph)
8
K: speed over ground is measured in kph
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Field
1 72
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
NMEA-0183 Output
UTC Day, Month, And Year, and Local Time Zone Offset
An example of the ZDA message string is shown below. Table A.16
describes the message fields.
$GPZDA,172809,12,07,1996,00,00*45
Table A.16
ZDA message fields
Field
Meaning
1
UTC
2
Day, ranging between 01 and 31
3
Month, ranging between 01 and 12
4
Year
5
Local time zone offset from GMT, ranging from 00 to
±13 hours
6
Local time zone offset from GMT, ranging from 00 to
59 minutes
Fields 5 and 6 together yield the total offset. For example, if field 5 is –5
and field 6 is +15, local time is 5 hours and 15 minutes earlier than
GMT.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 73
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
ZDA
A
NMEA-0183 Output
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
A
1 74
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
APPENDIX
B
RTCM Output
In this chapter:
Q
RTCM Output
Q
Message Scheduling
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
17 5
B
B
B.1
RTCM Output
RTCM Output
Table B.1 shows the messages that are generated when you select a
specific RTCM version. The messages in the table are in the same order
as they appear in GPS Configurator. For details of the contents of
individual messages, refer to the RTCM documentation.
Table B.1
RTCM output
Selection
Message
Version 2
1
USCG 9-3
RTCM/RTK 2.2+2.3
3
1
RTK Only 2.2+2.3
RTCM/RTK 2.3
3
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
RTK Only 2.2
RTCM/RTK 2.1
RTK Only 2.1
1
9-3
18
19
22
23
24
59
3
18
19
22
23
24
59
18
19
23
24
18
19
22
3
18
19
22
59
3
18
19
22
59
3
18
19
22
59
3
18
19
22
59
1
1
RTCM/RTK 3.0
1 76
59
3
RTK Only 2.3
RTCM/RTK 2.2
22
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1006
1008
1013
1004
RTCM Output
B.2
B
Message Scheduling
Table B.2 describes the frequency at which messages are generated
when they are enabled in a base receiver.
Table B.2
Message scheduling
Frequency
1
Every second
3
The 10th second after the first measurement, then every 10 seconds after that
9-3
Every second
18
Every second
19
Every second
22
The 5th second after the first measurement, then every 10 seconds after that
23
The 4th second after the first measurement, then every 10 seconds after that
24
The 4th second after the first measurement, then every 10 seconds after that
59-sub, 13
The 5th second after the first measurement, then every 10 seconds after that
1004
Every second
1006
Every 10 seconds
1008
Every 10 seconds
1013
Every 300 seconds
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Type
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 77
RTCM Output
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
B
1 78
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
APPENDIX
C
Troubleshooting
In this chapter:
Q
LED conditions
Q
Receiver issues
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
17 9
C
C
Troubleshooting
An LED that is flashing quickly indicates a condition that may require
attention, and an unlit LED indicates that no operation is occurring.
Table C.1 describes some LED conditions, possible causes, and how to
solve them.
Table C.1
LED conditions
Condition
Possible cause
Solution
The SV Tracking LED is
lit solidly and the
Logging/Memory LED is
flashing slowly. (5700
receiver only)
The receiver is in Monitor
mode, ready for new
firmware to be loaded or
new options to be added.
Turn on or turn off the receiver.
The SV Tracking LED is
not flashing.
The receiver is tracking fewer Wait until the SV Tracking LED is
than four satellites.
flashing slowly.
Load the latest version of the
firmware, which you can download
from the Trimble website at
ftp://ftp.trimble.com/pub/survey/bin/
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
The radio antenna cable and Make sure that the GPS antenna cable
GPS antenna cable are mixed (with the yellow over-mould) is
connected between the yellow TNC
up.(5700 receiver only)
connector marked GPS and the GPS
antenna.
1 80
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Troubleshooting
C
Table C.2 describes some possible receiver issues, possible causes, and
how to solve them.
Table C.2
Receiver issues
Issue
Possible cause
Solution
The receiver does not
power up.
External power is too low.
Check the charge on the external
battery, and check the fuse if
applicable. Replace the battery if
necessary.
Internal power is too low.
Check the charge on the internal
batteries and replace if necessary.
Ensure battery contacts are clean.
External power is not properly Check that the Lemo connection is
connected.
seated properly.
Check for broken or bent pins in the
connector.
Faulty power cable.
Try a different cable.
Receiver does not log
data.(5700 receiver
only)
Insufficient memory on the
CompactFlash card.
Delete old files using the GPS
Configurator or Trimble Survey
Controller software, or by holding
down [P] for 30 seconds.
No CompactFlash card is
inserted.
Insert a CompactFlash card in the
receiver.
The CompactFlash card is not
seated properly.
Remove the Compact Flash card and
reinsert it, making sure that it slides
into the housing easily and seats into
the pins.
The receiver is tracking fewer
than four satellites.
Wait until the SV Tracking LED is
flashing slowly.
The CompactFlash card is not
formatted, or is corrupted.
Format the CompactFlash card using
GPS Configurator, or by holding down
[P] for 30 seconds.
If the problem persists, use GPS
Configurator to perform a full
format.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 81
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Check pinouts with multimeter to
ensure internal wiring is intact.
C
Troubleshooting
Table C.2
Receiver issues (Continued)
Issue
Possible cause
Solution
The receiver is not
responding.
Receiver needs soft reset.
Power down the receiver and power
back up.
Receiver needs full reset.
If you want to retain data files,
remove the CompactFlash card first.
Hold down [P] for 30 seconds.
Port settings between
reference receiver and radio
are incorrect.
Using the Trimble Survey Controller
software, connect to the reference
radio through the receiver. If no
connection is made, connect directly
to the radio and change the port
settings. Try to connect through the
receiver again to ensure that they are
communicating.
Reference receiver is
not broadcasting.
Faulty cable between receiver Try a different cable.
and radio.
Examine the ports for missing pins.
Use a multimeter to check pinouts.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
No power to radio.
If the radio has its own power supply,
check the charge and connections.
If power is routed through the
receiver, ensure that the receiver’s
external power source is charged and
that power output on Port 3 is
enabled.
1 82
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Troubleshooting
Receiver issues (Continued)
Issue
Possible cause
Solution
Roving receiver is not
receiving radio.
Reference receiver is not
broadcasting.
See page 182.
Incorrect over air baud rates
Connect to the roving receiver’s radio
between reference and rover. and check to ensure it has the same
setting as the reference receiver.
Incorrect port settings
between roving external
radio and receiver.
If the radio is receiving data (the
Logging/Memory LED is flashing) and
the receiver is not getting radio
communications, use the Trimble
Survey Controller software to check
that the port settings are correct.
The radio antenna cable and
GPS antenna cable are mixed
up.
Make sure that the radio antenna
cable (with the blue over-mould) is
connected between the blue TNC
connector marked RADIO and the
radio antenna.
The cellular modem does not
have hardware flow control
enabled.
Disable flow control on the modem.
Use a special cable. For more
information, refer to the document
Using Cellular and CDPD Modems for
RTK, which is available from the
Trimble website.
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
1 83
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
Table C.2
C
Troubleshooting
5700/5800 GPS Receiver Operation
C
1 84
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Index
Symbols
$ (NMEA start of message delimiter) 156
* (NMEA checksum delimiter) 158
, (NMEA field delimiter) 156
.cfg files 52–57, 64, 125–128
.dat files 62, 64
size 62
.elf files 48, 64, 122
.eph files 64
.T01 files 62, 64
Numerics
1PPS output
5700 receiver 6, 76, 95
configuring in real time 97
default settings 78
enabling in real time 97
pulse definition 95
time tag definition 96
5700 receiver
backpack setup 25
buttons 36
factory default settings 78
features 6
internal radio 28
LEDs 37
maximum number of application
files 53
output formats 76
parts of the receiver 10–15
pole-mounted setup 19
postprocessed setup 17
resetting to factory defaults 37, 80
setup 9–33
specifications 73–76
turning on and off 37, 39
upgrading firmware 48, 67
use and care 7
5800 receiver
buttons 116
factory default settings 144
inserting the internal battery 110
internal radio 112
LEDs 117
maximum number of application
files 125
output formats 142
parts of the receiver 106–108
pole-mounted setup 110
resetting to factory defaults 116
setup 105–113
specifications 139–142
turning on and off 116, 118
upgrading firmware 122, 132
use and care 103
A
accuracy
centimeter-level 6, 102
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
185
Index
submeter-level 6, 102
Actual Track Made Good Over and Speed
Over Ground message 172
adding frequencies for internal radio 69, 133
ANT port 14, 183
antenna information, default 79, 145
antenna power adapter 90
Antenna record, in application file 53, 125
antennas
electrical interference 16, 109
mounting 16, 109
RPA 25
rubber duck 20, 25
using with the 5700 receiver 90
whip 20, 25
Zephyr 21
Zephyr Geodetic 21
application files
applying 57, 127
configuring the receiver with 124, 125
Current (Current.cfg) 54, 78, 126, 144
Default (Default.cfg) 53, 78, 126, 144
deleting 37, 116
deleting by formatting CompactFlash
card 42
maximum number 53, 125
naming 57, 128
overview 52, 125
Power Up (Power_Up.cfg) 54, 78, 127,
144
records 52, 125
storing 57, 128
timed 38, 55, 82, 83
applying application files 57, 127
ASCII
output, default settings 79, 145
time tags, default 78
time tags, definition 96
18 6
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
B
backpack setup 25
base station See reference station
baseline, moving 156
batteries
camcorder 30
charging while in 5700 receiver 43
charging with TSCe/TSC1
batteries 46
minimum power to charge 45, 121
operating time 42, 74, 140
standby 39
battery
compartments 11, 14, 108
inserting in the 5800 receiver 110
Battery LEDs 39
baud rate
default 78, 79, 144
maximum 76, 142
binary output, default settings 79, 145
blue RPA cable 14, 183
blue TNC port 14, 183
Bluetooth 3
bottom panel 14, 108
bracket
insert 22
receiver 22, 23
RPA 20
breakout box, on event marker/1PPS
cable 89
buttons 10, 36, 106, 116
C
cables
coaxial 91
data/power 60, 88, 150
event marker/1PPS 88
GPS antenna 14, 96
Index
RPA 14
camcorder batteries 30
catch
for battery compartment 11
for CompactFlash/USB door 10, 106
cellphones 30, 112
cellular modems 30, 112, 183
centimeter-level accuracy 6, 102
charging
5700 and TSC1/TSCe batteries 46
internal batteries 43
minimum time required 45, 121
CMR
input 7, 103
output 7, 103
output, default settings 79
coaxial cable, for connecting to GPS
antenna 91
COCOM limits 7, 103
cold start, time required 75, 142
color-coded TNC ports 14
CompactFlash card
corrupted 181
formatting 37, 42, 181
full 40
logging data to 40
transferring files from 62
Type I 33
upgrading receiver firmware from 48,
122
CompactFlash port 14, 15, 108
CompactFlash/USB door 14, 15, 108
CompactFlash/USB door catch 10, 106
configuring
1PPS output in real time 97
event marker input in real time 94
MS Series parameters 160
multiple receivers identically 128
receiver in real time 52, 124
receiver using application files 124
connecting to computer for data transfer 60
controller
mounting on pole 24
setup 24
corrupted CompactFlash card 181
Current application file 54, 78, 126, 144
current receiver configuration 126
current settings 144
Current.cfg 54, 78, 126, 144
D
DAT files 62
data
logging internally 40
logging to Trimble Survey
Controller 41, 119
transferring from the receiver 59
Data button 10, 36
data files
5700 receiver 62, 64
deleting by formatting CompactFlash
card 42
transferring from CompactFlash
card 62
Data LED See Logging/Memory LED
data link, using a cellular modem 30, 112
data outputs, NMEA 160
data storage cards See CompactFlash cards
data transfer
transferring files 59–64
with serial connection 60
with USB connection 61
Data Transfer utility
deleting files on receiver with 64
transferring files with 62
data/power cable pinouts 88, 150, 151
Default application file 53, 78, 126, 144
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
187
Index
default settings
1PPS time tags 78
5700 receiver 78
5800 receiver 144
antenna 79, 145
ASCII output 79, 145
ASCII time tags 78
baud rate 78, 79, 144
binary output 79, 145
changing 127
CMR output 79
elevation mask 78, 144
logging rate 79
measurement rate 79
motion 78, 144
NMEA output 79, 145
overriding 126
Port 3 power output 78
position logging rate 79
reference position 79, 145
reference station 79, 145
resetting 119
RT17 output 79, 145
RTCM output 79
serial format 78, 79, 144
SNR mask 78, 144
streamed output 79, 145
SV enabling 78, 144
Default.cfg 53, 78, 126, 144
deleting files
application files 37, 116
by formatting CompactFlash card 42
ephemeris file 37, 116
in the receiver 64
delimiters, NMEA
checksum 158
field separator 158
start of message 156
Device Control record, in application file 53,
125
18 8
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
diameter, of pole 22
dimensions
5700 receiver 74
5800 receiver 140
direction, NMEA field format 158
disabling flow control 183
dual event marker input 6, 93
dual-frequency RTK engine 6, 102
E
electrical interference 16, 109
electronic interference 103
elevation mask
default 78, 144
enabling
1PPS output in real time 97
event marker input in real time 94
power output on Port 3 47, 122
enhanced RTK See extended RTK
environmental factors
when setting up the receiver 16, 108
ephemeris file
deleting 37, 116
supported file type 64
eRTK Range Pole antenna See RPA
event marker input
configuring in real time 94
feature 6
Event Marker LED See Radio LED
event marker/1PPS
cable 88
cable pinouts 90
examples, of default behavior 80
extended RTK 6
external power 47
minimum required to charge internal
batteries 45, 121
Index
F
factory defaults
5700 receiver 77–83
5800 receiver 143–146
resetting to 37, 80, 116, 145
FastStatic surveying
specifications 75, 141
features
1PPS output 6
5800 receiver 102
automatic OTF (on-the-fly)
initialization 6, 102
centimeter accuracy 6, 102
charging batteries internally 6
CMR input and output 7, 103
CompactFlash card 6
extended RTK 6
OTF data 6, 102
real-time positioning 6, 102
RS-232 ports 7
RTCM SC-104 input and output 7, 102
RTK data 6, 102
submeter accuracy 6, 102
USB port 6
WAAS capability 6, 102
file size 62
File Storage record, in application file 52, 125
file types
.cfg 64
.dat 62
.elf 64
.eph 64
.T01 62
application (.cfg) 64
DAT 62
data (.dat) 62
data files 62
ephemeris (.eph) 64
job 41, 119
raw observations (.T01) 64
receiver firmware (.elf) 64
supported 64
files
deleting 64
transferring from CompactFlash
card 62
firmware
(.elf) files 64
upgrading 48, 67, 122, 132
flashing LED 37, 117
flow control
5700 receiver 76
5800 receiver 142
default setting 79, 144
disabling on cellular modem 31, 113,
183
formatting a CompactFlash card 33, 37, 42
frequencies, for internal radio 69, 133
front panel 10, 106
full format 181
full memory 40
full reset 182
G
General Controls record, in application
file 52, 125
GGA message, time, position, and fix related
data 160
GPS antenna cable 14
GPS antenna port 7, 14, 103, 183
GPS Configurator software
5700 receiver 41, 66
5800 receiver 112, 124, 130
configuring 1PPS output 97
configuring 5700 receiver 66
configuring 5800 receiver 130
configuring event marker input 94
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
189
Index
deleting files on receiver with 64
installing 130
performing a full format 181
GPS LED See SV Tracking LED
green LEDs 38, 39
GSOF output 76
GST message 163
GSV message 164
guidelines for setting up receiver 17, 109
charging with TSC1/TSCe
batteries 46
minimum power to charge 45, 121
operating time 42, 74, 140
standby 39
internal radio
5700 receiver 28
5800 receiver 112
adding frequencies 69, 133
H
J
Heading Information message 170
job files 41, 119
I
L
icons, on top panel 13, 108
indicator LEDs 10, 37, 106, 117
initialization
minimum time required 76, 142
on-the-fly 6, 102
specifications 76, 142
input
CMR 7, 103
event marker 6, 93
RTCM 7, 102
Input Message record, in application file 53,
125
insert, for receiver bracket 22
installing
GPS Configurator software 130
WinFlash software 67, 131
interference
electrical 16, 109
electronic 103
internal batteries
charging 6
charging while in 5700 receiver 43
latency of 5700 receiver 75
latency of 5800 receiver 141
latitude, NMEA field format 158
LEDs
5700 receiver 10, 37
5800 receiver 106, 117
Battery 1 39
Battery 2 39
flashing 37, 117
Logging/Memory 38
Radio 38
SV Tracking 38
Lemo cables, plugging in 17, 109
limits, imposed by COCOM 7, 103
Lithium ion batteries, voltage 48
Local Coordinate Position Output
message 168
logging
internally 40
scheduling 55
starting 37
stopping 37
190
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Index
to Trimble Survey Controller
software 41, 119
Logging button See Data button
Logging Rate record, in application file 53,
125
logging rate, default 79
Logging/Memory LED 38
longitude, NMEA field format 158
Low Latency RTK mode, specifications 75,
141
M
maximum
baud rate 76, 142
number of application files 53, 125
Maxwell architecture 75, 142
measurement rate, default 79
Memory LED See Logging/Memory LED
memory, full 40, 181
message ID, in NMEA messages 158
mobile phones 30, 112
Monitor mode 38, 48, 122, 180
motion, default settings 78, 144
mounting antenna, avoiding electrical
interference 16, 109
multiple receivers, configuring
identically 128
N
naming application files 57, 128
NMEA
output 7, 102, 155–173
output, default settings 79, 145
NMEA messages
common elements 157
common message elements 158
delimiters 158
enabling and disabling 157
GGA 161
GST 163
GSV 164
ID 158
PTNL,GGK 165
PTNL,GGK_SYNC 166
PTNL,PJK 168
PTNL,PJT 169
PTNL,VGK 169
PTNL,VHD 170
summary 156
values 158
VTG 172
ZDA 173
NMEA-0183 output 156
O
One Pulse per Second output See 1PPS
output
on-the-fly (OTF) initialization 6, 102
operating controls 106
operating temperature 15, 74, 140
OTF initialization See on-the-fly initialization
output formats
1PPS 6, 76, 93
5700 receiver 76
5800 receiver 142
CMR 7, 103
GSOF 76
NMEA 7, 102, 155
RT17 76, 79, 142, 145
RTCM 7, 102
Output Message record, in application file 53,
125
overriding default settings 126
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
191
Index
P
parts of the receiver 10–15
physical specifications 74, 140
pinout information 148
pinouts
data/power cable 88, 150, 151
event marker/1PPS cable 90
serial ports 86, 148, 149
pole diameter 22
pole-mounted setup
5700 receiver 19
5800 receiver 110
pole diameter 22
TSC1/TSCe controller 24
Port 1
connector pin locations 86
default baud rate 78, 144
default serial format 78, 144
event marker input 93
flow control 78, 144
icon 13, 108
pinout diagram 86, 148, 149
pinout functions 87
power output 47, 122
Port 2
1PPS output 93
connector pin locations 86
default baud rate 79, 144
default serial format 79, 144
event marker input 93
icon 13, 108
pinout diagram 86, 148, 149
pinout functions 87
Port 3
connector pin locations 86
default baud rate 79
default power output 78
default serial format 79
flow control 79, 144
icon 14
19 2
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
pinout diagram 86, 148, 149
pinout functions 87
power output 47, 48, 122
port settings, checking 183
Position Error Statistics message 163
position logging rate, default 79
positioning specifications 75, 141
postprocessed setup 17
power
external 47
minimum to charge batteries 45, 121
Power button 10, 36, 116
power cable, pinouts 88, 150, 151
Power LEDs See Battery LEDs
power output
automatically enabling on Port 3 48
enabling on Port 3 47, 122
on Port 1 47, 122
power supply 43
Power Up application file
5700 receiver 54
5800 receiver 127
overriding factory defaults with 78,
144
power/data ports 12
Power_Up.cfg
5700 receiver 54
5800 receiver 127
overriding factory defaults with 78,
144
powering down the receiver 37, 116
powering up the receiver 37, 39, 116, 118
problems, troubleshooting 179–180
Projection Type message 169
PTNL,GGK message 165
PTNL,GGK message, Time, Position, Position
Type, DOP 164
PTNL,GGK_SYNC message 166
PTNL,PJK message 168
PTNL,PJT message 169
Index
PTNL,VGK message 169
PTNL,VHD message 170
pulse, for 1PPS output 95
Q
quick format 33, 41, 181
R
radio antenna port 7, 14, 103, 183
Radio LED 38
RADIO port
5700 receiver 14
icon 14, 108
troubleshooting 183
radio-modems, using 3
radios
5700 receiver 111
5800 receiver 28
internal 28, 112
TRIMMARK 3 28, 111
TRIMMARK IIe 28, 112
TRIMTALK 450S 28, 112
Range Pole antenna See RPA
raw observations 64
real time, configuring receiver in 52, 124
real-time configuring receiver in 124
rear panel 11, 107
receiver
bracket 22, 23
catch lock 11, 107
changing default settings 127
configuring 124
connecting to devices 148
current configuration 126
data files 62
firmware files 64
resetting 126
receiver setup 9–33, 105–113
receivers, multiple
configuring identically 128
red LED 38
Reference Position record, in application
file 53, 125
reference position, default 79, 145
reference station
default 79, 145
default settings 79, 145
reformatting CompactFlash card 42
registration 2
release notes 2
reset
5800 receiver 126
full 182
soft 182
to factory defaults 37, 80, 116
RPA 25
RPA bracket 20
RS-232 ports 7
RT17 output
5700 receiver 76
5800 receiver 142
default settings 79, 145
RTCM input 7, 102
RTCM output
5700 receiver 7
5800 receiver 102
default settings 79
messages 176
RTK engine 6, 102
RTK/OTF data 6, 102
rubber duck antenna 20, 25
S
safety 3
Satellite Information message 164
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
193
Index
Satellite LED See SV Tracking LED
scheduling logging sessions 55
security limits 103
serial format, default setting 78, 79, 144
Serial Port Baud/Format record, in
application file 53, 125
serial ports
5700 receiver 6, 7, 12
pinouts 87, 150
setup
5700 receiver 9–33
5800 receiver 105–113
backpack 25
guidelines 16, 108
pole-mounted 19, 110
postprocessed survey 17
TSC1/TSCe controller 24
signal processing 75, 142
size
5700 receiver 74
5800 receiver 140
Sleep mode 38, 83
SNR mask, default setting 78, 144
soft reset 182
specifications
5700 receiver 73–76
5800 receiver 139–142
physical 74, 140
positioning 75, 141
technical 75, 142
standby, battery 39
starting logging manually 37
start-up specifications 75, 142
Static surveying
specifications 75, 141
Static/Kinematic record, in application
file 53, 125
stopping logging manually 37
storage temperature 15, 74, 140
storing application files 57, 128
19 4
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
streamed output, default settings 79, 145
submeter-level accuracy 6, 102
supported file types 64
Survey Controller software See Trimble
Survey Controller software
SV Enable/Disable record, in application
file 53, 125
SV enabling, default settings 78, 144
SV Tracking LED 38
switching the receiver on and off 37, 39, 116,
118
Synchronized RTK mode, specifications 75,
141
T
technical specifications 75, 142
temperature
operating range 15, 74, 140
storage range 15, 74, 140
time tag definition 96
time values in NMEA messages 159
Time, Position, and Fix Related Data
message 161
Time, Position, and Fix Related Data, GGA
message 160
Time, Position, Position Type, DOP
message 165
Time, Synchronized Position, Position Type,
DOP message 166
Timed Activation record, in application
file 53
timed application files 38, 55, 82, 83
TNC connector 7, 91, 103
TNC ports 7, 103
top panel 12
tracking specifications 75, 142
transferring
data files from CompactFlash card 62
data files from the receiver 59
Index
Trimble Binary Streamed Output See GSOF
output
Trimble Format (CMR) See CMR format
Trimble Survey Controller software
automatically enabling power
output 48
configuring the internal radio
with 112
configuring the receiver with 124
logging data to 41
Trimble web site 1, 31, 113
TRIMMARK 3 radio 28, 111
TRIMMARK IIe radio 28, 112
TRIMTALK radio 28, 112
troubleshooting 179–180
TSC1/TSCe controller
deleting files on receiver with 64
mounting on pole 24
setup 24
turning the receiver on and off 37, 39, 116,
118
Type approval 3
Type I CompactFlash cards 6, 33
types of files supported 64
U
U.S. Department of Commerce 7, 103
Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) See UTC
upgrading receiver firmware 48, 67, 122, 132
USB cable, connecting for data transfer 61
USB port 6, 14, 76, 108
use and care of 5700 receiver 7
use and care of 5800 receiver 103
UTC Day, Month, and Year, and Local Time
Zone Offset message 173
UTC, NMEA time values 159
V
Vector Information message 169
voltage
minimum required to charge internal
batteries 45, 121
of internal batteries 48
VTG message 172
W
WAAS
5700 receiver 6
5800 receiver 102
specifications 75, 141
waking up, from Sleep mode 56
warm start, time required 75, 142
web site 1, 31, 113
weight
5700 receiver 74
5800 receiver 140
whip antenna 20
WinFlash software
5700 receiver 67
5800 receiver 131
installing 67, 131
upgrading receiver firmware with 67,
132
world wide web site 1, 31, 113
Y
yellow GPS antenna cable 14, 183
yellow LEDs 38, 39
yellow TNC port 14, 183
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
195
Index
Z
ZDA message 173
Zephyr antenna 21
Zephyr Geodetic antenna 21
19 6
5700/5800 GPS Receiver User Guide
Download PDF

advertising