Canon 8500 Printer User Manual

REVISION 0
MAR. 1999
QY8-1356-000
COPYRIGHT  1999 CANON INC. CANON BJC-8500 0399 AB 0.30-0 PRINTED IN JAPAN (IMPRIME AU JAPON)
0399 AB 0.30-0
Target Readers
This manual is published by Canon Inc. for qualified persons and contains the necessary technical
information for technical theory, installation, maintenance, and repair of products. This manual covers
all localities where the products are sold. For this reason, it may contain information that does not
apply to your locality.
Revisions
This manual may include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors due to improvements or
changes in the products. When amendments are made to the content of this manual, Canon will issue
technical information as the need arises. In the event of major alterations to the content of this manual
over a long or short period, Canon will publish a revised version of the manual.
The following paragraph does not apply to any countries where such provisions are
inconsistent with the local law.
Trademarks
The product names and company names appearing in this manual are the registered trademarks or
trademarks of the individual companies.
Copyright
This manual is copyrighted and all rights reserved. Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be
copied, reproduced, or translated into other languages, in whole or in part, without the express written
consent of Canon Inc. except in the case of internal business use.
Copyright  1999 by Canon Inc.
CANON INC.
BJ Products Quality Support Dept.
16-1, Shimonoge 3-chome, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 213, Japan
This manual was produced on an Apple Macintosh Power Mac 7300/180 personal computer and Apple
LaserWriter II NTX-J laser beam printer; final pages were printed on Agfa SelectSet Avantra 25.
A YANO 640MO drive system NJ640MO with MITSUBISHI MO disk cartridge MR230M1 were used for
storing large volumes of page layout and graphic data for this manual.
All graphics were produced with MACROMEDIA FREEHAND 7.0J.
All documents and all page layouts were created with QuarkXPress 3.3J.
I. ABOUT THIS MANUAL
This manual is divided into five parts containing the information required for servicing the BJC8500 printer.
Part 1: Safety and Precautions
This part contains information on how to service the unit safely. It is very important, and
must be read.
Part 2: Product Specifications
This part outlines the product and its specifications.
Part 3: Operating Instructions
This part explains how to operate the unit properly, how to set it up properly, and how to
use the service mode.
Part 4: Technical Reference
This part outlines the unit operation giving a technically.
Part 5: Maintenance
This part explains maintenance of the unit. It includes details of disassembly/assembly,
adjustments required when assembling, troubleshooting procedures, and wiring/circuit
diagrams, etc.
This manual does not contain complete information required for
disassembling and assembling the BJC-8500 printer. Please also refer to the
separate Parts Catalog.
This printer prints various ink and plain paper ink optimizer (except in the
draft mode when plain paper, envelope or thick paper is selected). This plain
paper ink optimizer is an almost transparent, colorless liquid.
For convenience, this manual sometimes refers to the plain paper ink
optimizer simply as "ink optimizer" and the combination of ink and plain
paper ink optimizer as "ink."
This manual also refers to the BJ cartridge and print head (head) as the one
and same thing.
I
II. TABLE OF CONTENTS
Part 1: SAFETY AND PRECAUTIONS
Page
1- 1
1- 1
1- 2
1- 2
1- 3
1- 4
1- 5
1- 5
1- 5
1- 6
1- 7
1- 7
1- 7
1- 8
1- 8
1- 8
1- 9
1- 9
1- 9
1 -10
1 -10
1 -11
1 -12
1 -12
1 -13
1 -13
1 -14
1 -15
1 -16
1 -16
1 -16
1 -17
1. PERSONAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
1.1 Moving Sections of the Printer
1.2 Ink Stains
1.2.1 Ink path
1.2.2 Ink mist
1.3 Electrically Live Sections of the Printer
2. MACHINE PRECAUTIONS
2.1 Handling BJ Cartridges
2.1.1 Unpacking BJ cartridges
2.1.2 Protecting BJ cartridges
2.1.3 Turing the printer ON/OFF
2.1.4 When not using the printer
2.1.5 Ink electroconductivity
2.2 Handling the Ink Tanks
2.2.1 Unpacking the ink tanks
2.2.2 Protecting the ink tanks
2.3 Handling the Printer
2.3.1 Spurs
2.3.2 Encoder
2.3.3 Paper feed roller unit
2.3.4 Purge motor
2.3.5 Precautions to prevent damage from static electricity
2.3.6 Ink leakage/ink dry-up precautions
2.3.7 Precautions when carrying the printer
3. PRECAUTIONS FOR SERVICE
3.1 Precautions Concerning Memory Data
3.2 Special Settings
3.3 Precautions to Prevent Damage from Static Electricity
3.4 Precautions for Disassembly/Assembly
3.4.1 Disassembly prohibited parts
3.4.2 Precautions for disassembly/assembly
3.5 Self-diagnostic Functions
2- 1
2- 1
2- 2
2- 3
2- 3
2- 3
2- 4
2- 5
2- 6
2- 7
2- 7
2- 7
2- 8
2- 8
2 -11
2 -11
Part 2: PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
1. PRODUCT OUTLINE
1.1 Product Outline
1.2 Features
1.3 BJ Cartridges
1.3.1 Black BJ cartridge [BC-80]
1.3.2 Color BJ cartridge [BC-81]
1.3.3 Photo BJ cartridge [BC-82 Photo]
1.3.4 Relationship between BJ cartridges and printing mode
1.4 BJ Cartridge Container SB-80
1.5 Consumables
1.5.1 BJ cartridge
1.5.2 Ink tank
2. SPECIFICATIONS
2.1 General Specifications
2.2 Paper Specifications
2.2.1 Paper types
II
Page
2 -12
2 -13
2 -13
2 -19
2.2.2 Printing area
2.3 Interface Specifications
2.3.1 Parallel interface
2.3.2 Serial interface
Part 3: OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3- 1
3- 1
3- 3
3- 4
3- 4
3- 4
3- 5
3- 8
3- 9
3 -10
3 -10
3 -10
3 -11
3 -13
3 -15
3 -15
3 -16
3 -17
3 -17
3 -17
3 -18
3 -18
3 -19
3 -19
3 -21
3 -23
3 -23
3 -24
3 -25
3 -27
3 -27
3 -27
3 -28
3 -29
1. PRINTER SETUP
1.1 Unpacking
1.2 Installation Space
1.3 Installation Procedure
1.3.1 Connecting the interface cable
1.3.2 Connecting the power supply
1.3.3 Installing BJ cartridges
1.3.4 Replacing ink tanks
1.3.5 BJ cartridge container SB-80
1.4 Turning the Printer ON/OFF
1.4.1 Turning the printer on
1.4.2 Turning the printer off
1.5 Paper Settings
1.6 Names and Functions of Parts
2. TRANSPORTING THE PRINTER
2.1 Transporting the Printer
2.2 Capping Lock/Unlock
3. PRINTER SERVICING FUNCTIONS
3.1 Error Indications
3.1.1 Operator call
3.1.2 Service call
3.2 Warning Display
3.3 Function Settings
3.3.1 Maintenance settable items
3.3.2 Custom setting
3.4 Control Buttons
3.4.1 Cleaning the BJ cartridges
3.4.2 Service mode
3.5 Self Test Print (Nozzle Check Pattern)
3.6 EEPROM
3.6.1 Continued use of EEPROM memory data
3.6.2 Resetting the EEPROM
3.6.3 EEPROM list print
3.6.4 Destination setting
44444444444-
1. OVERVIEW
1.1 Printer Block Diagram
1.2 Initial Flowchart
1.3 Power OFF Operation Flow
1.4 Print Signal Flow
1.5 BJ Cartridge Drive
1.5.1 Printing drive control
2. FIRMWARE
2.1 Interface
2.1.1 Nibble mode
2.1.2 ECP mode
Part 4: TECHNICAL REFERENCE
1
1
2
5
6
7
7
8
8
8
9
III
Page
4 -10
4 -11
4 -11
4 -11
4 -11
4 -12
4 -14
4 -14
4 -14
4 -15
4 -15
4 -16
4 -17
4 -17
4 -18
4 -19
4 -20
4 -22
4 -23
4 -24
4 -24
4 -26
4 -28
4 -28
4 -29
4 -30
4 -30
4 -32
4 -33
4 -34
4 -35
4 -36
4 -36
4 -37
4 -37
4 -38
4 -41
4 -41
4 -41
4 -43
4 -43
4 -45
4 -45
4 -45
4 -46
4 -48
2.2 Printing Modes
2.2.1 P-POP (Plain Paper Optimized Printing) mode
2.2.2 Draft mode (Print Quality: High Speed)
2.2.3 Photo printing mode
2.2.4 Carriage speed
2.2.5 Advanced settings
2.3 Optimum Printing Control
2.3.1 Power monitor
2.3.2 Ink-smear control
3. PRINTER MECHANISM
3.1 Overview of the Mechanical System
3.1.1 Mechanical system configuration
3.2 BJ Cartridge
3.2.1 BJ cartridge structure
3.2.2 BJ head unit structure
3.2.3 Nozzle arrangement
3.2.4 Signal contact part
3.2.5 BJ cartridge drive circuit
3.2.6 BJ cartridge detection
3.3 Purge Unit
3.3.1 Purge unit functions
3.3.2 Purge unit structure
3.4 Carriage Unit
3.4.1 Carriage unit functions
3.4.2 Carriage unit structure
3.5 Paper Feed Section/Sheet Feeder Unit/Cassette Units
3.5.1 Paper feed/sheet feeder/cassette functions
3.5.2 Sheet feeder unit structure
3.5.3 Cassette unit structure
3.5.4 Flapper unit structure
3.5.5 Path of fan air flow
4. PRINTER ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
4.1 Overview
4.2 Logic Section
4.2.1 Logic section block diagram
4.2.2 Logic section components
4.3 Power Supply Section
4.3.1 Block diagram of power supply section
4.3.2 Power supply section structure
5. DETECTION FUNCTIONS
5.1 Sensor Functions
5.2 Other Detection Functions
5.2.1 Waste ink level detection
5.2.2 BJ cartridge sensor
5.2.3 Ink-out detection
5.2.4 No ink tank detection
55555-
1. MAINTENANCE
1.1 Periodically-replaced Parts
1.2 Worn Parts
1.3 Consumables
1.4 Periodic Maintenance
Part 5: MAINTENANCE
1
1
1
1
1
IV
Page
5- 2
5- 2
5- 3
5- 6
5- 6
5- 6
5- 6
5- 7
5- 8
5- 8
5- 9
5- 9
5- 9
5 -10
5 -11
5 -11
5 -11
5 -11
5 -11
5 -12
5 -12
5 -12
5 -12
5 -13
5 -13
5 -16
5 -32
5 -32
5 -38
5 -42
5 -42
5 -43
5 -44
5 -45
5 -46
5 -47
5 -48
5 -48
5 -48
5 -50
5 -51
5 -53
5 -53
5 -65
5 -68
5 -69
5 -70
5 -71
5 -72
2. SERVICE TOOLS
2.1 List of Tools
3. APPLYING GREASE
4. DISASSEMBLY/ASSEMBLY
4.1 About Disassembly/Assembly
4.2 Precautions for Disassembly/Assembly
4.2.1 Unlocking the carriage
4.2.2 Disassembly prohibited parts
4.2.3 Purge unit tubes
4.2.4 Screw fastening of idle pulley ass'y
4.3 Logic Board Replacement
4.3.1 Except for EEPROM replacement
4.3.2 EEPROM replacement
4.4 Waste Ink Absorber Replacement
5. ADJUSTMENT
5.1 Adjustment Locations
5.1.1 EEPROM (IC501) and waste ink absorber
5.1.2 Adjusting the printing position of BJ cartridges
5.1.3 Carriage belt tension adjustment
6. TROUBLESHOOTING
6.1 Overview of Troubleshooting
6.1.1 Definition
6.1.2 Precautions for troubleshooting
6.2 Error Condition Diagnosis
6.2.1 Diagnosis flowchart
6.2.2 Error recovery
7. CONNECTOR POSITION & SIGNAL ASSIGNMENT
7.1 Logic Board
7.2 Carriage Board
7.3 Panel Board
7.4 Carriage Driver Board
7.5 Upper Cassette Board
7.6 Lower Cassette Board 1
7.7 Lower Cassette Board 2
7.8 Fan Board
7.9 Power Supply Unit
8. CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS
8.1 Parts Layout
8.1.1 Logic board
8.1.2 Carriage board
8.1.3 Panel board
8.2 Circuit Diagrams
8.2.1 Logic board
8.2.2 Carriage board
8.2.3 Carriage driver board
8.2.4 Ink sensor/Fan board
8.2.5 Panel board
8.2.6 Upper cassette board
8.2.7 Lower cassette board
V
III. ILLUSTRATION INDEX
Page
1- 1
1- 2
1- 3
1- 3
1- 4
1- 5
1- 6
1- 8
1- 8
1- 9
1- 9
1 -10
1 -10
1 -11
1 -12
1 -12
1 -15
1 -16
1 -16
Part 1: SAFETY AND PRECAUTIONS
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
1- 1
1- 2
1- 3
1- 4
1- 5
1- 6
1- 7
1- 8
1- 9
1 -10
1 -11
1 -12
1 -13
1 -14
1 -15
1 -16
1 -17
1 -18
1 -19
Moving Sections of the Printer
Ink Path
BC-80, BC-81, and BC-82 Photo
Ink Mist
Power Supply Unit
Removing the Protective Cap
BJ Cartridges
Removing the Ink Tank Protective Cap
Ink Outlets
Spurs
Encoder Film and Carriage Board
Paper Feed Roller
Purge Motor
Contact Sections
Capping
Precautions when Carrying the Printer
Electronic System
Disassembly Prohibited Parts
How to Release Plastic Hooks
Part 2: PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
2- 1
2- 3
2- 3
2- 4
2- 4
2- 6
2- 7
2 -12
2 -18
2 -18
2 -18
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
3- 1
3- 2
3- 3
3- 4
3- 4
3- 5
3- 5
3- 6
3- 7
3- 8
3- 8
3- 9
3 -10
3 -11
3 -13
3 -14
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
2- 1
2- 2
2- 3
2- 4
2- 5
2- 6
2- 7
2- 8
2- 9
2 -10
2 -11
External View of Printer
Black BJ Cartridge [BC-80]
Color BJ Cartridge [BC-81]
Photo BJ Cartridge [BC-82 Photo]
Path of Ink Tank and BJ Cartridge (Front View)
BJ Cartridge Container [SB-80]
Ink Tanks
Printing Area
Compatibility Mode Timing Chart
Nibble Mode Timing Chart
ECP Mode Timing Chart
Part 3: OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3- 1
3- 2
3- 3
3- 4
3- 5
3- 6
3- 7
3- 8
3- 9
3 -10
3 -11
3 -12
3 -13
3 -14
3 -15
3 -16
Packing (1)
Packing (2): Lower Cassette
Installation Space
Connecting the Interface Cable
Connecting the Power Supply
Removing the Protective Cap
Installing BJ Cartridges
Checking the Position of the Print Head (1)
Checking the Position of the Print Head (2)
Replacing Ink Tanks
How to Remove the Ink Tank Protective Cap
BJ Cartridge Container SB-80
Precautions When Turning the Printer OFF
Paper Settings
Names and Functions of Parts (1)
Names and Functions of Parts (2)
VI
Page
3 -15
3 -16
3 -16
3 -17
3 -18
3 -19
3 -20
3 -22
3 -25
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
3 -26
Figure 3 -26
3 -28
Figure 3 -27
3 -17
3 -18
3 -19
3 -20
3 -21
3 -22
3 -23
3 -24
3 -25
Transporting the Printer
Capping Lock
Capping Lock/Unlock
Control Panel
BJ Cartridges do not Match Warning (Sample)
Windows 95/98 Printer Driver Maintenance Sheet (Sample)
Macintosh Printer Driver Utility Sheet (Sample)
Special Settings (Sample)
Nozzle Check Pattern (Sample using Black BJ cartridge BC-80+ Color
BJ cartridge BC-81)
Nozzle Check Pattern (Sample using Color BJ cartridge BC-81+ Photo
BJ cartridge BC-82 Photo)
EEPROM List Print (Sample)
Part 4: TECHNICAL REFERENCE
4- 1
4- 2
4- 3
4- 4
4- 5
4- 6
4- 7
4- 8
4- 9
4 -11
4 -12
4 -13
4 -14
4 -15
4 -17
4 -18
4 -19
4 -20
4 -22
4 -22
4 -22
4 -24
4 -27
4 -28
4 -29
4 -30
4 -30
4 -31
4 -31
4 -32
4 -33
4 -33
4 -33
4 -34
4 -35
4 -36
4 -37
4 -37
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
4- 1
4- 2
4- 3
4- 4
4- 5
4- 6
4- 7
4- 8
4- 9
4 -10
4 -11
4 -12
4 -13
4 -14
4 -15
4 -16
4 -17
4 -18
4 -19
4 -20
4 -21
4 -22
4 -23
4 -24
4 -25
4 -26
4 -27
4 -28
4 -29
4 -30
4 -31
4 -32
4 -33
4 -34
4 -35
4 -36
4 -37
4 -38
Printer Block Diagram
Initial Flowchart (1)
Initial Flowchart (2)
Initial Flowchart (3)
Power OFF Operation Flow
Print Signal Flow
Printing Drive Control
Interface Timing (Nibble Mode)
Interface Timing (ECP Mode)
Ink Layering with the Ink Optimizer
Main Sheet (Sample)
Advanced Detailed Setting (Sample)
Custom Setting
Printer Mechanism
BJ Cartridge Structure
Exploded View of BJ Head Unit
Nozzle Arrangement
BJ Cartridge I/O Signals
BJ Cartridge Drive Circuit Block Diagram
Head Temperature Sensor
Rank Wiring Diagram
Purge Unit
Purge Unit
Carriage Unit
Structure of Encoder Film and Encoder Head
Pick-up Path from Sheet Feeder Unit/Manual Feed Slot
Pick-up Path from Upper Cassette/Lower Cassette Units
Paper Feed Section
Platen Ribs
Structure of Sheet Feeder Unit
Cassette Body and Claws
Structure of Cassette Unit
Mechanical Clutch of Upper Cassette
Structure of Flapper Unit
Path of Fan Air Flow
Printer Electrical Section
Logic Board Block Diagram
Printer Block Diagram
VII
Page
4 -41
4 -42
4 -43
4 -46
4 -47
4 -48
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
5- 3
5- 4
5- 5
5- 6
5- 7
5- 7
5- 8
5- 8
5- 9
5 -10
5 -32
5 -38
5 -42
5 -42
5 -43
5 -44
5 -45
5 -46
5 -47
5 -48
5 -49
5 -50
5 -50
5 -51
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
4 -39
4 -40
4 -41
4 -42
4 -43
4 -44
Block Diagram of Power Supply Section
Output Connectors
Sensor Locations
Principle of Ink-out Detection
Ink Sensor and Anti-reflection Sheet
Principle of No Ink Tank Detection
Part 5: MAINTENANCE
5- 1
5- 2
5- 3
5- 4
5- 5
5- 6
5- 7
5- 8
5- 9
5 -10
5 -11
5 -12
5 -13
5 -14
5 -15
5 -16
5 -17
5 -18
5 -19
5 -20
5 -21
5 -22
5 -23
5 -24
Grease Application Sections (1)
Grease Application Sections (2)
Grease Application Sections (3)
Unlocking the Carriage
BJ Cartridge Contact Section on Carriage Unit
Disassembly Prohibited Locations
Purge Unit Tubes
Screw Fastening of Idle Pulley Ass'y
EEPROM
Waste Ink Absorber
Logic Board
Carriage Board
Panel Board
Carriage Driver Board
Upper Cassette Board
Lower Cassette Board 1
Lower Cassette Board 2
Fan Board
Power Supply Unit
Logic Board Front Surface
Logic Board Rear Surface
Carriage Board Front Surface
Carriage Board Rear Surface
Panel Board Front Surface
VIII
IV. TABLE INDEX
Part 2: PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Page
2- 5
2 -11
TABLE 2 - 1
TABLE 2 - 2
3 -11
3 -17
3 -18
3 -24
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
4 -10
TABLE 4 - 1
4 -12
4 -12
4 -20
4 -21
4 -23
4 -25
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
CARTRIDGE AND PRINTING MODES
PAPER SPECIFICATIONS
Part 3: OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3333-
1
2
3
4
PRINTER PAPER SETTINGS
OPERATOR CALL
SERVICE CALL
SERVICE MODE
Part 4: TECHNICAL REFERENCE
444444-
2
3
4
5
6
7
PRINTER DOT PITCH NUMBER OF PASSES, NUMBER OF
EJECTION NOZZLES
CARRIAGE SPEED
MAIN AUTO PALETTE DEFAULTS (Windows 95/98)
INK TYPE EJECTED FROM BJ CARTRIDGES
BJ CARTRIDGE I/O SIGNALS
HEAD ID AND RANKOUT OUTPUT LEVEL
CLEANING EXECUTION CONDITIONS, CLEANING TIME AND INK
SUCTION AMOUNTS
Part 5: MAINTENANCE
5- 1
TABLE 5 - 1
PERIODICALLY-REPLACED PARTS
IX