Canon 9359B001 Digital Camera User Manual

126/128 Manual (new)
6/15/98 9:50 AM
Page 1
GPS 126/128
Marine
Navigator
GPS 126 shown
ZOOM
Owner’s Manual
&
Reference
®
126/128 Manual (new)
6/15/98 9:50 AM
Page 2
Software Version 2.0 or above
© 1997 GARMIN International, Inc
1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS USA 66062
Tel: 913-397-8200 or 800-800-1020
Fax: 913-397-8282
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5,
The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate,
Romsey, SO51 9AQ, U.K.
Tel: 011-44-1794-519944
Fax: 011-44-1794-519222
GARMIN (Asia) Corp.
4th Fl., No. 1., Lane 45,
Pao-Hsing Road,
Hsin Tein,
Taiwan R.O.C.
Phone: 886.02.917.3773
Fax: 886.02.917.1758
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic or manual, including photocopying and recording, for
any purpose without the express written permission of GARMIN.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. GARMIN reserves
the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without
obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements.
GARMIN, AutoLocate,TracBack, and are all trademarks of GARMIN International
and may not be used without the expressed permission of GARMIN.
January 1998 - Part #190-00151-00 Rev. A - Printed in Taiwan.
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INTRODUCTION
GPS 126/128
OWNER’S
MANUAL
Packing List
Welcome to the easiest-to-use fixed-mount GPS on the water! The GPS
126 and GPS 128 represent GARMIN’s continuing commitment to provide
mariners with quality navigation information in a versatile, accurate, and
user-friendly design which will be useful for years to come. Due to the similarity between the GPS 126 and GPS 128, we have addressed both units in
one manual. This manual is organized into four sections for your convenience:
Introduction gives a quick overview of the manual and contains the
table of contents and glossary of navigation terms.
Getting Started introduces you to the basic features of the unit with a
quick-start orientation to the GPS 126/128. This section has been designed to
acquaint you with the unit and provide a basic working knowledge necessary
to use the unit in typical conditions.
Reference provides detailed explanations of advanced features and operations in a topical format. This allows you to concentrate on a specific topic
quickly, without reading through sections of text that you may not need.
The Appendix section contains step by step instructions on how to initialize the unit for first time use, installation instructions and items with multiple listings, such as: map datums, time offsets, and the index.
Packing List
Before getting started with your GPS receiver, check to see that your
GARMIN GPS 126/128 package contains the following items. If you are missing any parts, please contact your dealer immediately.
Standard Package:
• GPS 126/128 Unit
• Mounting Bracket with knobs
• Power/Data Cable
• Owner’s Manual
• Quick Reference Guide
* The GPS 128 also comes with an external antenna with 30’ cable.
See your GARMIN dealer for accessories, including our PC kit.
Thanks for choosing the GARMIN GPS 126/128. We hope it will meet all
of your navigation needs.
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INTRODUCTION
Caution
The GPS system is operated by the government of the United States,
which is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is
subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance of all
GPS equipment. Although the GPS 126/128 is a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted
and, therefore, become unsafe.
Use the GPS 126/128 at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe
operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of this Operator’s
Manual and thoroughly practice operation using the simulator mode prior to
actual use. When in actual use, carefully compare indications from the GPS
126/128 to all available navigation sources including the information from
other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, maps, etc. For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
NOTE: This device meets requirements for Part 15 of the FCC limits for
Class B digital devices for home or office use. It has been tested for compliance with all necessary FCC standards. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
other equipment, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try and correct the interference by relocating the
equipment or connecting the equipment to a different circuit than the affected
equipment. Consult an authorized dealer or other qualified service technician
for additional help if these remedies do not correct the problem. Operation is
subject to the following conditions: (1) This device cannot cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation. The GPS 126/128
does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by
an authorized service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could
void your warranty and your authority to operate this device under Part 15
regulations.
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Page 1
INTRODUCTION
Table of
Contents
SECTION ONE Introduction
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Navigation Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
SECTION TWO Getting Started
Keypad Usage & Data Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Primary Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Power On & Marking a Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Position Page and Map Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Going to a Waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Compass Page & Cancelling A GOTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Clearing the Map Display, Adjusting Contrast, & Power Off . . . . . . . .13
SECTION THREE Reference
Satellite Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Backlighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Position Page & User Selectable Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Marking a Position & Position Averaging Function . . . . . . . . . . . .18, 19
Waypoint Pages & Managing Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
TracBack Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Creating and Using Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Using the Compass & Highway Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Map Page, Zooming, & Panning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37, 38
Map Page & Track Log Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39, 40
Menu Page & Distance/Sun Calculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
System Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Navigation Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Interface Setup & DGPS Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44, 45
Navigation Simulator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Appendix A––Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Appendix B—Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Appendix C—Specifications & Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Appendix D—Messages and Time Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Appendix E––Map Datums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Appendix F––Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
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INTRODUCTION
Glossary
The GPS 126/128 is a powerful navigation tool that can guide you anywhere in the world. To better understand its operation and capabilities, it may
be helpful to review the basic terms and concepts briefly explained below.
Other navigation and GPS definitions used in the manual are defined in the
appropriate reference sections of the manual.
Almanac Data
Satellite constellation information (including location and health of satellites) that is transmitted to your receiver from every GPS satellite. Almanac data
must be acquired before GPS navigation can begin.
Bearing
The compass direction from your position to a destination.
Course Made Good (CMG)
The bearing from the “active from” position (your starting point) to your
present position.
Crosstrack Error (XTK)
The distance you are off a desired course in either direction.
Desired Track (DTK)
The compass course between the “from” and “to” waypoints.
Differential GPS (DGPS)
An extension of the GPS system that uses land-based radio beacons to
transmit position corrections to GPS receivers.
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
The time of day of your arrival at a destination.
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
The time left to your destination at your present speed.
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INTRODUCTION
Glossary
Grid
Coordinate system that projects the earth on a flat surface, using square
zones for position measurements. UTM/UPS and Maidenhead formats are grid
systems.
Ground Speed
The velocity you are traveling relative to a ground position.
Latitude
The north/south measurement of position perpendicular to the earth’s
polar axis.
Longitude
An east/west measurement of position in relation to the Prime Meridian,
an imaginary circle that passes through the north and south poles.
Navigation
The process of traveling from one place to another and knowing where
you are in relation to your desired course.
Position
An exact, unique location based on a geographic coordinate system.
Track (TRK)
The direction of movement relative to a ground position.
Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)
A grid coordinate system that projects global sections onto a flat surface to
measure position in specific zones.
Velocity Made Good (VMG)
The speed you are traveling in the direction of the destination.
Waypoint
A specific location saved in the receiver’s memory.
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INTRODUCTION
Navigation
Basics
The GPS 126/128 provides steering guidance and navigation information using degrees, a measurement measured
in a clockwise direction from a north reference. North is
described as 000º, east as 090º, south as 180º, and west as
270º. The diagram and compass rose below provide a graphic
illustration of the navigation terms used by the GPS 126/128.
More information on basic navigation and GPS are available
at your local library or bookstore.
“A
CT
IV
E
NORTH
NORTH
DIST
LE
G”
ANC
E
“ACTIVE TO”
WAYPOINT
CK
RA
ST
OS
CR
“ACTIVE FROM”
WAYPOINT
4
R
RO
ER
DTK
TRK
GR
OU
ND
SP
EE
D
BRG
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INTRODUCTION
P
Turns the unit on and off and
activates screen backlighting.
J
Scrolls through the main data
pages in sequence and returns
display from a submenu page
to the main page.
M
Captures a position and displays the mark position page.
G
Displays the GOTO page with
the waypoint highlighted for
GOTO operation.
F
Confirms data entry and
activates highlighted fields
to allow data entry.
Q
Returns the display to a previous page, or restores a data
field’s previous value.
B
Marks your present GPS position and instantly sets a return
course while providing steering guidance.
I
Decreases the scale of the
moving map.
H
Increases the scale of the
moving map.
UD
Selects alphanumerical
characters and menu choices
and moves the field highlight
from field to field.
L R
Moves the selected character
field and moves the field
highlight from field to field.
Keypad Usage
and Data Entry
DATA ENTRY
The arrow keypad is
used for all data entry.
Use the U and D
keys to select letters,
numbers, and menu
options; use the L and
R keys to move the cursor forward or backward along the line.
Press F to confirm
your entry.
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126/128 Manual (new)
INTRODUCTION
Primary Pages
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Page 6
Primary Pages
Before we start the tour, let’s briefly look at the five
primary information pages used for the GPS 126/128.
To switch between pages press either the Q or J
keys (see below).
J
Q
Satellite Page
Satellite Page
The Satellite Page will
allow you to monitor
satellite signal reception
and strength.
The Satellite Page shows satellite positions and
signal strength. Satellite positions are displayed using
two circles and a center point. The outer circle shows
satellites on level with the horizon; the inner circle is
45º above the horizon; and the center point represents
satellites directly overhead. Knowing satellite positions
will show you the direction of any blocked signals.
The bottom of the page contains a row of signal
strength bars corresponding to each satellite being used.
Position Page
The Position Page shows you where you are, what
direction you’re heading, and how fast you’re going.
The top of the page contains a compass tape which
is a graphic representation of your heading.
#
!
Position Page
6
The graphic compass tape reflects your heading only while you are moving.
Your track and speed are indicated immediately
below. Underneath are two user-selectable fields for a
variety of data. The current position is displayed in latitude and longitude or a user selectable grid format. A
12/24 hour clock is also provided.
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Map Page
The Map Page acts as a window. It allows you to
view your position, the “path” you have traveled over,
and nearby waypoints.
INTRODUCTION
Primary Pages
A diamond icon in the center of the screen represents your current position. As you move, you will see a
thin line called a track log appear along the path you
have just covered. Names of stored waypoints and
waypoint symbols can also be shown on the map.
The bottom corners of the screen always display
your current track and speed. When going to a waypoint, highlighting an on-screen waypoint, or using the
panning target crosshair, the corresponding distance
and bearing are shown at the top corners of the screen.
Navigation Page
A navigation page gives you steering guidance when
going to a waypoint. The GPS 126/128 has two navigation page choices: the Highway Page and the Compass
Page. The Highway Page is the default and will be
briefly explained here. The Compass Page is covered on
page 36.
The Highway Page uses a graphic highway to show
your movement in relation to your desired course. The
upper section shows bearing and distance to the waypoint and your current track and speed. The middle
portion contains the actual highway. The highway indicates the crosstrack error, or distance and direction,
your are off-course from your waypoint. Always turn in
the direction the highway is pointing. For example, if
the highway points straight up, no turn is needed. If the
highway points right, you need to turn right until the
highway points straight up. The pointer just below the
CDI scale always points to your selected waypoint, relative to the direction you are moving. The remainder of
the page contains two user-selectable fields.
Menu Page
The last primary page is the Menu Page. The Menu
Page gives you access to the GPS 126/128’s waypoint
management, route, and setup features through a list of
submenus. The Menu Page is covered on page 43.
Map Page
The Map Page shows your
progress on a moving track
plotter and gives you a
bird’s-eye-view of surrounding waypoints.
Highway Page
With the Highway Page,
you will get graphic steering guidance when navigating a route or going to a
single waypoint.
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126/128 Manual (new)
GETTING
STARTED
Power On &
Marking a
Position
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Page 8
Getting Started Tour
Now that you are familiar with the primary pages,
it’s time to take a tour. This is a live tour and is to be
conducted with your unit installed and with the boat in
the water. The tour will take you through the receiver’s
basic features and functions as you move about on the
water and assumes that the GPS 126/128 is turned on
and initialized, (see page 52 for initialization procedure) and that you have not changed any of the factory
settings (units of measure, selectable fields, etc.). If
these settings have been changed, the pictures and
descriptions in this manual may not match what you
see on your screen.
Navigation Simulator
The Welcome Page will
be shown while the unit
conducts a self test.
If you are not able to take the Getting Started Tour
with your boat in the water, you may use the built-in
navigation simulator to practice using the GPS
126/128. To use the simulator, see page 51.
Marking a Position
To begin the tour, let’s take the position you have
acquired (either by just initializing the unit or by having turned the unit on) and mark it as a waypoint for
future reference.
1. Press the M key to capture and hold your position.
#
!
Press the UP arrow to
move forward through the
alphabet or numbers and
the DOWN arrow to
move backward.
To mark a position, you must have obtained a
2D or 3D fix, or have the receiver in simulator
mode. If you try to mark a position without a
position fix, you will be alerted with a ‘No GPS
Position’ message.
The mark position page will appear, showing the
captured position and a default 3-digit waypoint name.
Let’s change the default name to something a little more
meaningful, like ‘DOCK’.
2. Press the down arrow once to move the field highlight
from the ‘SAVE?’ field to the name field.
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Page 9
3. Press F to clear the default waypoint name.
4. Press and hold theU key to scroll through the
alphabet until the letter ‘D’ appears.
5. Press the R key once to move the character highlight
to the next character space.
GETTING
STARTED
Position and
Map Pages
6. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the word ‘DOCK’ is displayed.
7. Press F to complete entry of the name.
Each waypoint may also be assigned a custom waypoint symbol for easy waypoint recognition on the map
page.
1. Press F to activate the symbol menu.
2. Select the anchor symbol and press F.
3. Press the D key to highlight the ‘DONE?” field.
4. Press F to confirm the selected symbol.
5. With the ‘SAVE?’ field highlighted, press F to confirm that you want to save the position as a waypoint
named ‘DOCK’.
The mark position page will now be replaced by
the Position Page (or whatever page was displayed
prior to pressing the M key). The ‘DOCK’ waypoint
is now stored in the GPS 126/128’s memory, and will
remain there until you manually remove it or clear the
receiver’s memory. For more on waypoint management,
see pages 19-24.
The arrow keypad is used
for all data entry. Use the
UP and DOWN keys to
select letters, numbers, or
menu options, and use the
LEFT and RIGHT keys to
move the cursor forward or
backward along the line.
Using the Position and Map Pages
Now that you’ve marked a position, let’s see how
the Position and Map Pages can be used to monitor
your progress as you head out into the open water.
Position Page
#
!
As always, ensure your primary focus is on
boating traffic and monitor the GPS126/128
briefly when operating your boat.
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126/128 Manual (new)
GETTING
STARTED
Position and
Map Pages
6/15/98 9:50 AM
Using the Position and Map Pages (cont.)
As you head out, the Position Page will help you
monitor your movement.
Track Over
Ground
UserSelectable
Field
Position
Display
The Map Page displays
your present position as a
diamond icon and provides
a real-time graphic “breadcrumb” display of your
track right on the screen.
Page 10
Graphic
Compass Tape
Current Speed
UserSelectable
Field
12/24 Hour
Time
The direction you are moving (your track) and your
speed are displayed on the upper part of the page, just
below the graphic compass tape. The latitude and longitude, along with two user-selectable displays, are continuously displayed in the middle of the page, and the
time of day is displayed below.
Now let’s change the display to the Map Page and
watch the track log of our tour:
1. Press the J key to change from the Position Page
to the Map Page.
To view a larger area on the Map Page, let’s change
the zoom scale from .2 (default) to 1.0 nautical mile.
To select a larger zoom scale on the Map Page:
1. Press the H key until ‘1.0 n.m. zoom scale’ appears.
The moving map’s default
screen orientation is trackup. “Track up” means that
your current direction of
travel is always up (or
towards the top of) the
screen. It can also be set for
north up, or desired trackup orientation through the
map setup page.
10
Your current position is shown as the diamond in
the middle of the screen. The dark circle below the diamond represents the position you created, with the line
between the two showing your track.
1. Once you have reached an area that allows for general changes in direction without interfering in the passage of other boats, mark your current position again
and name this waypoint “CHANNL”. (See ‘Marking a
Position’ on page 18.)
2. Next, make a moderate turn in any direction thats safe
for navigation and proceed for another 3 minutes.
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Page 11
GETTING
STARTED
Going To a Waypoint
Once you’ve stored the “CHANNL” waypoint in
memory, you can use the GPS 126/128 to guide you to
it by performing a simple GOTO. A GOTO is nothing
more than a straight-line course from your present position to the destination you’ve selected.
#
!
Going To a
Waypoint
Use caution when navigating. A “straight-line”
course reflects the shortest distance to a waypoint,
and does not navigate around obstructions, such
as land or buoys, etc.
Now that you have moved away from ‘CHANNL’ for
three minutes, let’s try navigating back to it.
To select a GOTO destination:
1. Press the G key.
2. The GOTO waypoint page will appear, displaying all the
waypoints in memory in alphabetical order.
The GOTO waypoint page
allows you to select your
destination from a list of all
available waypoints in the
GPS 126/128’s memory.
3. Use U or D to highlight the ‘CHANNL’ waypoint.
4. Press the F key to confirm that you want to navigate to the displayed waypoint.
5. Press the J key to view the Graphic Highway Page.
Bearing to
Waypoint
Distance to
Waypoint
Track Over
Ground
Speed Over
Ground
Destination
Waypoint
“Finish Line”
Destination Waypoint
CDI Scale
Directional
Pointer
Your Relative
Position
UserSelectable
Fields
Once a GOTO is activated,
the GPS 126/128 will
provid steering guidance
until the GOTO is cancelled. To cancel a GOTO,
highlight the cancel prompt
at the bottom of the page
and press ENTER.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
GOTO Waypoint
& Cancelling
GOTO
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Page 12
Going To a Waypoint (continued)
The GPS 126/128’s Highway Page provides graphic
steering guidance to a destination, with an emphasis on
a straight-line course to the desired waypoint and the
distance and direction you are off course. The bearing
and distance to a waypoint–along with your current
track and speed, are displayed at the top of the screen,
with two user-selectable fields shown at the bottom.
As you head toward your destination, the middle
section of the screen provides visual guidance to your
waypoint on a moving graphic “highway”. The pointer
just below the CDI scale always points to your selected
waypoint relative to the direction you are moving.
The 126/128 will also provide steering guidance with
a graphic Compass Page.
To change the display from
the Highway Page, press
ENTER twice.
Your present position is represented by the diamond
in the center of the course deviation scale. The line
down the middle of the highway represents your
desired track. As you navigate toward a waypoint, the
highway will actually move, indicating the direction
you’re off course, relative to the position diamond on
the CDI scale. To stay on course, simply steer toward
the center of the highway.
While navigating, you may decide to use the
Compass Page (see picture above left) instead of the
Highway Page.
To select the Compass Page:
1. While viewing the Highway Page, press F twice.
The Compass Page will now become the displayed
navigation page. This page provides a directional pointer to your destination by using a rotating compass display to show direction of travel. It provides better steering guidance at slower speeds for travel with many
directional changes.
Once you reach the selected
distance from the destination (based on your present
speed and course), an
arrival message will appear
on the message page.
To switch back to the Highway Page, press ENTER
twice.
Cancelling a GOTO
If you decide to stop navigating to the active waypoint, all you have to do is cancel the GOTO.
To cancel an active GOTO:
12
1. Press the G key.
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Page 13
2. Use the arrow keypad to move the field highlight to
the ‘CANCEL GOTO?’ prompt at the bottom of the page
and press F.
Clearing a Cluttered Map Display
After you’ve used the GPS 126/128 for a few trips,
you may find that your map display has become a bit
messy from keeping track of your every move. For
practice, let’s clean up the screen by clearing the track
log (the plot points left on the Map Page) we’ve just
created during the Getting Started Tour.
REFERENCE
Clearing the
Map, Adjusting
Contrast, &
Power Off
1. Press J or Q until the Map Page appears and
press F.
2. Use theD key to move the field highlight to the
‘TRACK SETUP’ option.
3. Press F to access the track setup page.
4. Highlight the ‘CLEAR LOG?’ option. The clear log confirmation page will appear.
5. Use the L key to highlight the ‘Yes’ prompt.
6. Press F to finish.
Adjusting the Contrast
Highlight the ‘CLEAR
LOG?’ prompt and press
ENTER to clear the track
log. Once all 1024 points
are used, the oldest point
will be continuously deleted
to make room for the latest
track log point.
You can adjust the screen contrast from the Satellite
Page and also from the Menu Page (see page 47)
To adjust the contrast from the Satellite Page:
1. Press the J or Q key until the Satellite Page
appears.
2. Press the arrow keypad left or right until the desired
level is reached, and press F.
Turning the Receiver Off
You’ve now gone through the basic operation of
your new GPS receiver. We encourage you to experiment with the GPS 126/128. If you encounter any
problems using the unit or want to take advantage of
the GPS 126/128’s more advanced features, refer to the
reference section of this manual.
Instantly change the screen
contrast by pressing the
arrow keypad while viewing
the Satellite Page.
To turn the GPS 126/128 off:
1. Press and hold the P key for 3 seconds.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
Satellite Page
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Satellite Page
Status
Field
Horizontal
Accuracy
Skyview
Display
Signal Strength
Indicators
The GPS 126/128’s
Satellite Page will help
you determine which
satellites are in view, and
whether or not any satellites are being “shaded”
or blocked. (See satellites
07 and 19 above).
By periodically monitoring the signal strength
bars at the bottom of the
page and the north up
sky view, you will be able
to see how moving to
another area with a
clearer view of the sky
will improve satellite
reception and speed up
signal acquisition.
14
The GPS 126/128’s Satellite Page displays the status
of various receiver functions. The status information
will help you understand what the GPS 126/128 is
doing at any given time, and will tell you whether or
not the receiver has calculated a position fix.
Sky View and Signal Strength Bars
The sky view and signal strength bars give you an
indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver,
whether or not they are being used to calculate a position fix, and the signal quality. The satellite sky view
shows a bird’s-eye view of the position of each available
satellite relative to the unit’s last known position. The
outer circle represents the horizon (north or track up);
the inner circle 45º above the horizon; and the center
point directly overhead. You can use the sky view to
help determine if any satellites are being blocked, and
whether you have a current position fix (indicated by a
‘2D NAV’ or ‘3D NAV’ in the status field). You can also
set the sky view to a track-up configuration by changing
the “orientation” option on the Map Page. (See pg. 41
for Map Setup instructions.)
When the receiver is looking for a particular satellite, the corresponding signal strength bar will be blank
and the sky view indicator will be highlighted. Once the
receiver has found the satellite, a hollow signal strength
bar will appear, indicating that the satellite has been
found and the receiver is collecting data from it. The
satellite number in the sky view will no longer appear
highlighted. As soon as the GPS 126/128 has collected
the necessary data to calculate a fix, the status field will
indicate a 2D or 3D status.
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Page 15
Receiver Status and EPE
Receiver status is indicated at the top left of the
page, with the current horizontal accuracy (EPE, estimated position error, in feet or meters) at the top right.
The status will be shown as one of the following conditions:
Searching— the GPS 126/128 is looking for any
available satellites in view.
AutoLocate— the GPS 126/128 is initializing and
collecting new almanac data. This process can take
5 minutes, depending on the satellites currently in
view.
Acquiring— the receiver is collecting data from
available satellites, but has not collected enough
data to calculate a 2D fix.
2D Navigation— at least three satellites with
good geometry have been locked onto and a 2dimensional position fix (latitude and longitude) is
being calculated. ‘2D Diff’ will appear when you are
receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode.
3D Navigation— at least four satellites with good
geometry have been locked onto, and your position
is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and
altitude. ‘3D Diff’ will appear when you are receiving
DGPS corrections in 3D mode.
Poor GPS Coverage— the receiver isn’t tracking
enough satellites for a 2D or 3D fix.
Not Usable— the receiver is unusable, possibly
due to abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit
off and back on to reset, and reinitialize the receiver if necessary.
Simulator— the receiver is in simulator mode.
REFERENCE
Receiver Status
& Screen
Backlighting
The signal strength bars at
the bottom of the page will
not appear until the GPS
126/128 has found the
satellites indicated at the
bottom of the screen.
Screen Backlighting
The GPS 126/128 feature illuminates the screen
display for a user-defined interval (the default is 15 seconds). There are three stages of backlighting. When
backlighting is on, a bulb icon will appear at the bottom left of the sky view. To adjust the duration of
screen backlighting, refer to the system setup section
(see page 47).
When backlighting is on, a
bulb icon will appear on
the Satellite Page.
Use the icon to determine
if backlighting is turned
on during daylight hours.
Note: A bulb icon will appear on the Satellite Page
when backlighting is on.
15
126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
EZinit Prompt
and Memory
Erase
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EZinit Option Prompt
The Satellite Page also provides access to the EZinit
prompt whenever a position fix has not been calculated.
(The unit must be in searching, AutoLocate, acquiring,
simulator, or poor coverage mode.) This allows you to
reinitialize the unit (see Appendix A), and is useful if
you have traveled over 500 miles with the receiver off
and must initialize your new position. (The EZinit
prompt will automatically appear if the receiver needs
to be initialized. The prompt may also appear during
normal use if the antenna is blocked from receiving
satellite signals.
Note: The GPS 126/128 features an internal lithium
battery that will maintain the unit’s memory when the
receiver is not running.
Memory Erase Function
If you travel more than
500 miles with the receiver off, reinitialize the unit
to your new position by
using the EZinit feature.
To access EZinit, press
ENTER from the Satellite
Page before any satellites
are acquired.
You may erase the GPS 126/128’s memory in four
quick steps. This will cause all stored data to be deleted,
including routes, waypoints, and the track log.
To erase all stored data:
1. Ensure that the GPS 126/128 is turned off.
2. While holding down the M key, press the P key
to turn the unit on. After the unit turns on, release the
keys. A warning message will appear with “Yes?”
highlighted, and ask you to confirm your selection.
3. If you do not wish to erase all stored data, press R
and F to cancel the emergency erase.
4. If you do wish to complete the emergency erase, press
F to confirm.
Position Page
Upon activating the
Memory Erase Function,
you will be asked to confirm your decision.
16
The second page in the GPS 126/128’s main page
sequence is the Position Page. This page shows you
where you are, what direction you’re heading, and how
fast you’re going. The Position Page is most useful when
you are traveling without an active destination waypoint. The graphic compass tape across the top of the
page indicates the direction you’re heading (only while
you’re moving).
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Position Page (continued)
Directly below the graphic compass tape are the
track and speed fields. Track is the compass direction
representing your actual course over the ground, and
Speed is how fast you’re moving. Below track and
speed are two user-selectable fields. Both user selectable fields can display a variety of information that will
aid in navigation The left field offers options for TRIP
(default), AVSPD, MXSPD, TTIME, and ELPSD. The
right field offers options for ALT (default), TTIME,
ELPSD, and TRIP.
The following user-selectable options are available
on the Position Page:
Trip Odometer (TRIP)— total distance
traveled since last reset.
Trip Timer (TTIME)— total (cumulative)
time in which a ground speed has been
maintained since last reset.
Elapsed Time (ELPSD)— hours and
minutes since last reset.
Average Speed (AVSPD)— average speed
traveled.
Maximum Speed (MXSPD)— maximum
speed traveled since last reset.
Altitude (ALT)— vertical distance above
sea level.
REFERENCE
Position Page
The speed and track displayed on the position
page may fluctuate at
slow speeds (or when
you’re not moving)
because of position errors
caused by Selective
Availability.
To change the user-selectable fields
1. Highlight the left or right user-selectable field and
press F.
2. Use the U orD key to scroll through the available options.
3. Press F to confirm your selection.
The trip odometer, trip timer, and average speed
fields are linked. Resetting one of these options in a
user-selectable field will automatically reset the corresponding data in the other. This ensures that information shown in these fields reflects your current trip.
The user-selectable fields
on the Position Page give
you a variety of information to choose from.
17
126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
Altitude Field &
Marking a
Position
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Page 18
Altitude Field
When the GPS 126/128 is acquiring satellites or
navigating in the 2D mode, the last known altitude is
used to compute your position. In cases where the GPS
126/128 has 2D coverage, entering your approximate
altitude will enable the receiver to determine a 3D fix.
Note: The altitude can not be changed when the
GPS 126/128 has a 3D position fix.
To enter an altitude:
1. Ensure that ‘ALT’ is displayed in the user-selectable
field.
2. Highlight the ‘ALT’ value field, and press F.
3. Enter a value, and press F.
Resetting the trip odometer will erase the previous
mileage and set the
odometer to 0.
Directly below the user-selectable fields is the
Position field. The position field shows the current GPS
position in latitude and longitude (default) or a user
selectable position format (see navigation setup page
47). Directly below the position field is the time. Time
can be displayed as a 12– or– 24 hour clock (see system
setup page 46).
Marking A Position
The GPS 126/128 allows you to mark and store up
to 500 positions as waypoints. A waypoint can be
entered by taking an instant electronic fix, by manually
entering coordinates (pg. 21), or using the bearing and
distance to a known position (pg. 22).
To mark your present position:
1. Press M. The mark position page will appear,
showing the captured position and a default threedigit name.
2. To save a default name and symbol, press F to
confirm the ‘Save?’ prompt.
You may enter a known
altitude to assist the GPS
126/128 in establishing a
3D fix.
To enter a different waypoint name:
1. Highlight the waypoint name field, and press F.
2. Make the appropriate changes, and press F.
3. Highlight ‘SAVE?’, and press F.
Note: To enter a different waypoint symbol or comment, see pg. 23.
18
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Page 19
To add this waypoint to a route:
1. Highlight the ‘Add to route number’ field, and press
F.
2. Enter a route number, press F to confirm and
press F again to save the waypoint.
REFERENCE
Position
Averaging &
Waypoint Pages
Position Averaging Function
The GPS 126/128 positioning averaging function
will help reduce the effects of selective availability
when marking a waypoint.
Note: As the GPS 126/128 calculates the FOM, it
will rapidly change before it stabilizes on one number.
1. After you have pressed the M key, highlight the
‘AVERAGE?’ field and press F. The Figure of Merit
(FOM) field will display the value reflecting estimated
accuracy of the averaged position.
2. The unit will continue averaging until you have highlighted ‘SAVE?’ and pressed F.
Waypoint Pages
The GPS 126/128 has three waypoint pages that let
you quickly manage up to 500 waypoints. These
pages— nearest waypoints, waypoint list, and waypoint
definition— can be accessed through the Menu Page.
The GPS 126/128 will
save new waypoints with
a default three-digit
name. To add the waypoint to a route, enter the
desired route number,
highlight ‘SAVE?’, and
press ENTER.
To select a waypoint page:
1. Access the Menu Page, and highlight a waypoint
page option.
2. Press F.
Nearest Waypoints Page
The nearest waypoints page shows the nine nearest
waypoints within 100 miles of your present position,
with the bearing and distance noted for each waypoint.
This page will let you retrieve a waypoint definition
page or GOTO a selected waypoint right from the list.
To review the waypoint definition page of a
selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the desired waypoint.
2. Press F.
After initiating the position averaging function, a
Figure of Merit value will
be displayed, and the
‘SAVE?’ field will automatically be highlighted.
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REFERENCE
Nearest
Waypoints &
Waypoint List
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Page 20
To return to the nearest waypoint page:
1. Highlight ‘DONE?’.
2. Press F.
To go to a highlighted list waypoint:
1. Highlight the desired waypoint, and press G.
2. Press F.
Waypoint List Page
The waypoint list page provides a complete list of
all waypoints currently stored in the GPS 126/128 and
their respective waypoint symbols. The total number of
empty and used waypoints is also indicated. From the
waypoint list page, you can retrieve a waypoint definition page, delete all user-defined waypoints, delete waypoints by symbol, review a waypoint, or GOTO to a
selected waypoint.
To select a waypoint submenu, highlight the
desired option and press
ENTER.
To delete all user-defined waypoints:
1. Highlight ‘DELETE WPTS?’, and press F.
Nearest Waypoints
Page
The compass heading
(BRG) and distance
(DST) to the nine nearest
waypoints are updated
continuously.
20
An options page will appear, asking if you want to
delete all user-defined waypoints or if you want to
delete waypoints by symbol type.
1. Highlight either ‘ALL’ or ‘SYMBOL’, and press F.
If you select ‘ALL,’ highlight ‘YES?’ and press F
to confirm.
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Page 21
Waypoint List Page (continued)
If you highlight ‘SYMBOL,’ you’ll be asked to select a
symbol.
1. select the symbol to be deleted and press F.
2. Press F to confirm the ‘DONE’ prompt, highlight
the ‘YES?’ prompt, and press F.
REFERENCE
Waypoint List &
Proximity
Waypoints
Note: This feature is handy for deleting temporary
waypoints created by the TracBack function.
Proximity Waypoints
The GPS 126/128’s proximity waypoint function
warns you when you are getting too close to hazardous
waypoints. This function allows you to create up to
nine proximity waypoints and designate an alarm circle
for each waypoint. If you enter this circle, a warning
message will alert you.
To enter a proximity waypoint from the main
menu:
1. Highlight ‘PROXIMITY WPTS’ and press F.
2. Highlight the first empty waypoint field and press
F.
Deleting waypoints by
symbol enables you to
delete a specific group of
waypoints without losing
all other waypoints.
3. Use the arrow keypad to scan through stored waypoints until desired waypoint appears (see page 24 ).
4. Press F. The distance (DST) field will be automatically highlighted.
5. Press F
.Enter the desired distance.
6. Press the F key.
To review or remove a proximity waypoint:
1. Select a proximity waypoint and press F.
2. Highlight ‘REVIEW?’ or ‘REMOVE?’ and press F.
If ‘REVIEW?’ is chosen, the waypoint definition
page will appear, and you may make any changes to
the selected waypoint (see pgs. 22-24). If ‘REMOVE?’ is
chosen, the proximity waypoint page will reappear
with the waypoint removed. Press Q or J to
return to the Menu Page.
Quickly edit proximity
waypoints by highlighting
the waypoint name and
pressing ENTER.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
Waypoint
Definition &
Reference
Waypoints
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Page 22
Waypoint Definition Page
Waypoint
Name
Waypoint
Symbol
Position
Coordinates
Reference
Waypoint
Waypoint Comment
Distance from
Reference
Waypoint
Bearing from
Reference
Waypoint
Function Prompts
The GPS 126/128’s
advanced waypoint planning features allow you to
create new waypoints and
practice navigation without ever setting foot outside.
If you create a new waypoint by entering coordinates from a map, you
may want to re-mark the
waypoint’s exact position
once you get there.
To re-define an existing
waypoint’s position coordinates from the waypoint
definition page, simply
highlight the DST field
and press ENTER. Use the
LEFT arrow key to set the
distance to 0.00, and press
ENTER to confirm.
The old coordinates will be
replaced by your present
position if you have a
valid 2D or 3D position
fix.
22
The waypoint definition page lets you create new
waypoints manually or review and edit an existing waypoint’s coordinates, symbols, and comments. It is also
used to delete an individual waypoint from memory
(see pg. 24). To create a new waypoint manually, you’ll
need to know its position coordinates or its approximate distance and bearing from an existing waypoint.
To create a waypoint by entering coordinates:
1. From the waypoint definition page, highlight ‘NEW?’,
and press F.
2. Enter a waypoint name, and press F.
3. Press F to select a waypoint symbol, make your
selection, and press F.
4. Highlight the ‘DONE?’ prompt, and press F to
return to the waypoint page.
5. Highlight the ‘position’ field, and press F.
6. Enter your position, and press F.
7. Highlight the ‘DONE? prompt and press F to confirm.
Reference Waypoints
To create a new waypoint manually without knowing its position coordinates, you’ll need to enter its
bearing and distance from an existing waypoint or your
present position.
To create a new waypoint by referencing a stored
waypoint:
1. From the waypoint definition page, highlight ‘NEW?’,
and press F.
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Page 23
Reference Waypoints (cont.)
2. Enter a waypoint name, and press F.
3. Highlight the ‘reference’ field, and press F.
4. Enter a reference waypoint name (or leave the field
blank to use your present position), and press F.
REFERENCE
Waypoint
Symbols &
Comments
5. Enter the bearing and distance of your new waypoint
from the reference waypoint.
6. Press F to confirm the ‘DONE?’ prompt.
Waypoint Symbols
The GPS 126/128 allows you to select one of 16
symbols for each waypoint for easy recognition on the
map display. From the symbol page, you may also
select how the waypoint appears on the map.
To select a waypoint symbol:
1. Highlight the symbol field, and press F.
2. Use the arrow keypad to select the desired symbol,
and press F.
3. The cursor will move to the display field, where you
can select how the waypoint information will be displayed on the map.
Waypoint symbols enable
you to instantly get more
information about a waypoint than just its name.
4. Press F, and select one of the following display
options: ‘name with symbol,’ ‘symbol only,’ or ‘comment with symbol’.
5. Press F to confirm your selection, and F
again to confirm the ‘Done?’ prompt.
Waypoint Comments
Each waypoint stored in the GPS 126/128 has a
user-defined 16-character comment field. The default
comment is the UTC (or Greenwich mean time) date
and time of the waypoint’s creation.
To change or add a comment:
1. Highlight the ‘comment’ field.
2. Press F.
Note: You can clear the ‘comment’ field by pressing
the left side of the rocker keypad.
3. Enter the desired comment.
The waypoint comment
field will automatically
assign the date and time of
creation to the waypoint
comments field. You may
enter a 16-character user
comment at any time.
4. Press F.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
Rename, Delete
& Scan
Waypoints
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Page 24
Renaming and Deleting Waypoints
The rename and delete function fields are located
along the bottom of the waypoint definition page.
To rename a stored waypoint:
1. Highlight ‘RENAME?’, and press F.
2. Enter the new waypoint name , and press F.
3. Press F to confirm the ‘Yes?’ prompt.
To delete a stored waypoint:
1. Highlight ‘DELETE?’, and press F.
2. Highlight the ‘Yes’ prompt, and press F.
Note: To delete a waypoint that’s part of a route,
first remove the waypoint from the route (see pg. 34),
and then delete it. If you attempt to delete a waypoint
that’s part of a route, you’ll be given a “Route Waypoint
Can’t be Deleted” message.
You may wish to quickly
save waypoints by pressing MARK and then
ENTER, thus assigning a
default name. You may
then rename the waypoint
at a later date. Any waypoint may be renamed at
any time.
Scanning Waypoints
As you manually enter a waypoint’s name, the GPS
126/128’s waypoint scanning feature will automatically
display the first numerical or alphabetical match of the
character you have entered. If you have more than one
waypoint that begins with the same letter or number,
move to the next character postion and continue entering the waypoint name. This helps eliminate the need to
always enter a waypoint’s complete name.
To scan waypoints from a waypoint field:
1. Highlight the waypoint name field, and press F.
2. Press the left side of the keypad to clear the name
field.
3. Scroll through the waypoints.
4. When you find the desired waypoint, press F.
Scanning waypoints from
the waypoint definition
page is quick and easy.
Simply highlight the
name, press ENTER, and
use the arrow keypad to
scroll through the names.
24
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Selecting a GOTO Destination
The GPS 126/128 provides four ways to navigate to
a destination: GOTO, MOB, TracBack, and route navigation. The most basic method of selecting a destination is the GOTO function, which lets you choose any
stored waypoint as the destination and quickly sets a
direct course from your present position.
REFERENCE
Select a GOTO
& MOB
Function
To activate the GOTO function:
1. Press G.
2. Select the waypoint you want to navigate to, and
press F.
Once a GOTO waypoint has been activated, the
Compass Page or Highway Page will provide steering
guidance to the destination until either the GOTO is
cancelled or the unit has resumed navigating the active
route (see pg 30).
To cancel an active GOTO:
1. Press the G key.
2. Highlight ‘CANCEL GOTO?’, and press F.
Select a destination waypoint from the GOTO
waypoint list.
Man Overboard Function
The GPS 126/128’s man overboard function (MOB)
lets you simultaneously mark and set a course to a
position for quick response to passing positions.
To activate the MOB mode:
1. Press the B key.
2. Press F to begin MOB navigation.
The GPS126/128 will now guide you to the MOB
waypoint until the MOB GOTO is cancelled. If you
want to save the MOB waypoint be sure to rename it.
The MOB function will overwrite any previous MOB
waypoint when it is activated.
Once the MOB mode has
been activated, steering
guidance will be provided
by the Compass or
Highway Page. Activating
another MOB will overwrite the previous MOB
waypoint.
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REFERENCE
TracBack
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Page 26
TracBack Navigation
GARMIN’s patented TracBack feature allows you to
quickly retrace your path using the track log automatically stored in the receiver. This feature eliminates the
need to mark waypoints along the way and manually
create and activate a route back to where you began
your trip. Once a TracBack route is activated, it will lead
you back to the oldest track log point stored in memory,
so it’s usually a good idea to clear the existing track log
at the start of each trip.
To clear the track log and define a starting point
for a TracBack route:
1. From the Map Page, press F.
2. Highlight the ‘TRACK SETUP’ option, and press F.
3. Highlight ‘CLEAR LOG?’, press F.
4. Highlight ‘Yes?’, and press F.
WARNING:
Setting the track recording to OFF will disable
the TracBack function.
Highlight the ‘TracBack?’
prompt and press ENTER
to begin TracBack navigation.
26
To activate a TracBack route:
1. Press G, highlight ‘TRACBACK?’, and press F.
Once the TracBack function has been activated, the
GPS 126/128 will take the track log currently stored in
memory and divide it into segments called legs. Up to
30 temporary waypoints will be created to mark the
most significant features of the track log in order to
duplicate your exact path as closely as possible. These
points will be indicated by waypoint numbers beginning with ‘T’ on the waypoint list, and by a “T” symbol
on the Map Page.
The active route page will appear, showing a route
from your present position to the oldest track log point
in memory. Steering guidance to each waypoint will be
provided back to the starting point of your track log.
Note: You may delete a TracBack waypoint from a
route, but only if the route is not active.
Tips On the TracBack Feature
• Always clear your track log at the exact point that
you want to go back to (dock, boat ramp, etc.).
• The ‘Record’ option on the track log setup page
can be set to either the ‘wrap’ or ‘fill’ position.
• There must be at least two track log points stored
in memory to create a TracBack route.
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Page 27
• If there are not enough available waypoints in
memory to create a TracBack route, you will be
alerted with a ‘waypoint memory full’ message,
and the receiver will use any available waypoints
to create a TracBack route with an emphasis on
the track log closest to the destination (the oldest
track log point in memory).
• If the ‘Method’ option on the track log setup page
is set to a time interval, the TracBack route may
not follow your exact path. (Keeping the criteria
set to automatic will always provide the most
detailed TracBack route.)
• If the receiver is turned off or you lose satellite
coverage during your trip, the TracBack route will
simply draw a straight line between any point
where coverage was lost and where it resumed.
• If the changes in direction and distance of your
track log are complex, 30 waypoints may not be
enough to accurately mark your exact path. The
receiver will then assign the 30 waypoints to the
most significant points of your track, and simplify
segments with fewer changes in direction.
• To save a TracBack route, copy route 0 to an open
storage route before activating another TracBack.
Activating another TracBack or storage route will
overwrite the existing TracBack route.
• Whenever a TracBack route is activated, the
receiver will automatically erase any temporary
waypoints that are not contained in routes 1-19.
If there are temporary waypoints stored in routes
1-19, the receiver will create any new temporary
waypoints using the first three-digit number
available. (You can also quickly delete all temporary TracBack waypoints in memory by using the
‘delete by symbol’ method described on pg. 21.)
REFERENCE
TracBack
The TracBack feature will
navigate your track log
back to the oldest point in
the receiver’s memory.
The track log will be
divided into segments with
temporary waypoints to
create a route back to the
beginning of the track log.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
6/15/98 9:51 AM
Page 28
Route Navigation
The last form of navigating to a destination with the
GPS 126/128 is to create a user-defined route. The
GPS126/128 lets you create and store up to 20 routes of
30 waypoints each. The route navigation feature lets
you plan and navigate a course from one place to
another using a set of pre-defined waypoints. Routes are
often used when it’s not practical, safe, or possible to
navigate a direct course to a particular destination (e.g.,
through a body of water).
Routes
ä
Waypoint 2
“Active Leg”
(“active to” waypoint)
ä
ä
}
ä
Waypoint 1
(“active from” waypoint)
Routes are broken down and navigated in smaller
segments called “legs”. The waypoint you are going to
in a leg is called the “active to” waypoint and the waypoint immediately behind you is called the “active from”
waypoint. The line between the “active to” and the
“active from” waypoint is called the “active leg.”
Whenever you activate a route, the GPS 126/128
will automatically select the route leg closest to your
position as the active leg. As you pass each waypoint in
the route, the receiver will automatically sequence and
select the next waypoint as the “active to” waypoint.
28
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Page 29
REFERENCE
Route Definition Page
Route
Number
Comment
Field
Desired
Track of Leg
Route Definition
Page
Leg Distance
Total
Distance
Copy Field
Function Prompts
The bottom of the route definition page features
‘function’ fields which let you copy, clear, invert, or
activate the displayed route. Routes 1-19 are used as
storage routes, with route 0 always serving as the active
route you are navigating. If you want to save a route
that’s currently in route 0, be sure to copy it to another
open route or it will be overwritten by the next route
activation.
Routes can be copied, cleared, inverted, and activated through the route definition page.
Routes enable you to store
and use groups of frequently used waypoints
together.
To select the route definition page:
1. Highlight ‘ROUTES’ from the Menu Page, and press
F.
The ‘route number’ field is displayed at the top of
the page, with a 16-character ‘user comment’ field to
the right. If no user comment is entered, the field displays the first and last waypoint in the route. The waypoint list on the left side of the page accepts up to 30
waypoints for each route, with fields for desired track
and distance between legs. The total route distance is
indicated below the waypoint list.
Enter each waypoint in
the order you would like to
navigate the list. If you
enter a waypoint not
stored in memory, you’ll
need to define the position
on the waypoint definition
page.
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REFERENCE
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Page 30
Creating and Navigating Routes
To create a route from the route definition page:
Using Routes
1. Highlight the ‘route number’ field, and press F.
2. Using the U or D key select an empty route
number and press F.
3. Press F to begin entry of a route comment.
4. Enter your comment, and press the F key.
5. Press F to begin entering the first waypoint of
your route.
6. Press F again to move to the next waypoint field.
As you continue entering waypoints, the list will automatically scroll down.
You may use up to 16
characters to custom
name a route. The default
name will be the first and
last waypoint in the route.
Whenever you activate a route, it will automatically
select the route leg closest to your position as the active
leg. As you pass each waypoint in the route, the receiver
will automatically sequence and select the next waypoint as the “active to” waypoint.
Activating and Inverting Routes
After a route has been entered, it can be either activated in sequence or inverted from the route definition
page. The process of activating or inverting a stored
route takes a storage route (routes 1-19) and copies it
into the active route (route 0) for navigation. The storage route is then no longer needed and will be retained
in its original format under its existing route number.
This system allows you to have an active route that
you may edit during navigation and save as an entirely
new route from the original. You will have to copy the
active route to an unused storage route to save it, since
new route or TracBack activation overwrites route 0.
To activate a route:
To activate a route, highlight the ‘ACT?’ prompt
and press ENTER.
1. From the route definition page, highlight the ‘route
number’ field and press F.
2. Enter the route number to be activated, and press
F.
3. Highlight ‘ACT?’, and press F.
To activate a route in inverted order:
1. Follow the steps above, but select ‘INV?’, and press
F.
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Active Route Page
Once a route has been activated, the active route
page will display the waypoint sequence of your route
with the estimated time enroute (ETE) at your present
speed and the distance to each waypoint. As long as
you are navigating an active route, the active route page
will become part of the main page sequence of the unit.
The active route page will also allow you to change the
‘ete’ field to display desired track (DTK) or estimated
time of arrival (ETA) for each leg. You can also clear or
invert the active route.
REFERENCE
Active Route,
Copying, &
Clearing
To display DTK or ETA for each leg:
1. Highlight ‘ETE’ or ‘DTK’, and press F.
2. Select ‘DTK’ or ‘ETA’, and press F.
The active route page also allows you to clear (stop
navigating) or invert the active route without using the
route definition page.
To invert a route from the active route page:
1. Highlight ‘INVERT?’, and press F.
To stop route navigation:
1. Select ‘CLEAR?’, and press F.
Copying and Clearing Routes
Active Route Page
Whenever you have an
active route, the active
route page will appear in
the main page sequence
after the Compass or
Highway Page.
The route definition page is also used to copy a
route to another route number. This feature is useful
when you make changes to the active (or TracBack)
route and want to save the route in its modified form
for future use.
To copy a route:
1. Highlight the ‘route number’ field, and press F.
2. Select the route number to be copied, and press
F.
3. Highlight the ‘copy to’ field, and press F.
4. Scroll through the available routes and select a destination route number. (Only open routes will be available.) Press F to copy the route.
To clear a route from memory:
1. Highlight the ‘route number’ field, and press F.
2. Enter the route number, and press F.
3. Select ‘CLR?’, and press F.
4. Highlight ‘Yes?’, and press F.
To copy a route, select an
open storage route and
press the ENTER key. If
you select a route that is
already used, you’ll be
alerted with a ‘Route Full’
message.
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REFERENCE
Editing Routes
& On-Route
GOTO’s
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Editing Routes
A route can be edited anytime after its creation.
To edit a route from the active route page or
the route definition page:
1. Select the waypoint you want to edit, and press F.
An on-screen menu of editing choices will appear,
with options for reviewing, inserting, deleting, or
changing the waypoint field highlighted. This field contains the following options:
• Review?— reviews the waypoint’s definition page
• Insert?— adds a new waypoint that precedes the
selected waypoint
• Remove?— deletes a selected waypoint
• Change?— replaces the selected waypoint with a
Use the on-screen menu to
select the desired editing
function.
new waypoint
You may delete a waypoint from a route, but only if
the route is not active. Note: Editing the original storage
route will not affect route 0. If you want to save an edited version of route 0, save it to an open storage route.
On-Route GOTO
At the beginning of this section, we mentioned that
the GPS 126/128 will automatically select the route leg
closest to your position as the active leg. This may mean
that you are not navigating to the first waypoint in the
active route. If you want to select a route waypoint with
which to begin navigation or you prefer to navigate a
route out of sequence, you can perform an ‘on-route
GOTO’ from the active route page.
To perform an ‘on-route GOTO’ from the active
route page:
1. Highlight the desired route waypoint, and press G.
To edit or review a route
waypoint from the active
route page, highlight the
desired waypoint and
press ENTER.
32
2. Once the GOTO waypoint page appears with the waypoint highlighted, press F.
Note that after you reach the on-route GOTO waypoint, the GPS 126/128 will automatically resume navigating the rest of the route in sequence.
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REFERENCE
Using the Navigation Pages
Once you’ve selected a GOTO destination or activated a TracBack, MOB, or Route, the GPS 126/128
will provide graphic steering guidance to the destination with one of two navigation pages:
Highway Page
Navigation
Pages
Compass Page
•The Highway Page (default) provides a graphic
highway that shows your movement relative to the
desired course, with an emphasis on your
crosstrack error (the distance and direction you
are off course). This page also features a course
deviation indicator (CDI) (see pg. 35). The
Highway Page is well-suited for water or off-road
recreation where straight-line navigation is possible.
•The Compass Page provides a directional pointer to the destination, with a rotating compass display to show your direction of travel. The
Compass Page provides better steering guidance at
slow speeds with many changes in direction,
where straight-line navigation is not possible.
Both pages provide a digital display of the bearing
and distance to the destination, and your current speed
and track over the ground. You can switch to either
Navigation Page at any time.
To switch the navigation
page to the Highway Page,
press ENTER twice.
To switch the navigation
page to the Compass
Page, press ENTER twice.
To select either Navigation Page:
1. Press F from the existing Navigation Page, and
F again to change the page.
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REFERENCE
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Page 34
Selecting a User-Defined Navigation Page (cont.)
Navigation
Pages
User-Selectable
Field
User-Selectable
Field
The fields located in the lower corners of both pages
are user-selectable fields that allow you to display a variety of navigation values for your trip.
To access the user-selectable fields:
Use the user-selectable
fields to customize the
navigation pages.
The turn option will show
you the number of degrees
you need to turn to head
directly to your destination.
34
1. Highlight either field, and press F.
2. Use the keypad to scroll through the possible options.
The following data options are available from the
Navigation Pages:
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)— the time left
to your destination based on your present speed
and track.
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)— the time of
day of your arrival at a destination, based on current
ground speed and track.
Course to Steer (CTS)— the bearing which will
give you the most efficient way to stay on course to
your destination.
Crosstrack Error (XTK)— the distance you are
off the desired course in either direction. This field
will give you a digital representation of the CDI
scale.
Velocity Made Good (VMG)— the speed you
are traveling toward the destination.
Turn (TRN)— the amount of correction in
degrees needed to travel directly to the destination.
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REFERENCE
Using the Highway Page
Bearing to
Waypoint
Distance to
Waypoint
Track Over
Ground
Highway Page
Speed Over
Ground
Destination
Waypoint
CDI Scale
Graphic
Highway
Pointer
User Selectable Fields
The GPS 126/128’s Highway Page provides graphic
steering guidance to a destination waypoint, with a
greater emphasis on the straight-line desired course and
the distance and direction you are off course. The bearing and distance to a waypoint–along with your current
track and speed–are displayed at the top of the screen.
The middle of the screen provides visual guidance
to your waypoint on a moving graphic “highway.” Your
present position is represented by the diamond in the
center of the CDI scale. The line down the middle of
the highway represents your desired track. As you navigate toward a waypoint, the highway will actually
move—indicating the direction you’re off course—relative to the position diamond on the CDI scale. When
the highway is pointing straight up the screen, the waypoint is directly ahead. If the destination waypoint is to
the left, the top of the highway will lead to the left, and
vice versa. To stay on course, simply steer in the direction the highway leads (left or right) until the highway
leads straight up the page.
Below the graphic highway is the “pointer.” The
pointer shows the direction of the waypoint relative to
the direction you are moving.
Below the pointer are two user-selectable fields.
If you do get off the desired course by more than
1/5th of the selected CDI range, the exact distance you
are off course will be displayed where the CDI scale setting normally appears. If you get too far off course (the
highway has disappeared), a message box will appear to
indicate what course to steer to get back on course. (For
information on setting this scale, see pg. 48.) When the
distance reading reaches 0, you’ve reached your destination.
In this example, the
Highway Page indicates
that you are off course to
the left. Steer right to get
back on course. Notice the
highway always shows the
direction to turn. If the
highway leads straight up
the page, you should continue in your current
direction.
If you get too far off
course, a message box will
appear to indicate what
course to steer to get back
on course most efficiently.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
Compass Pages
6/15/98 9:51 AM
Using the Compass Page
Bearing to
Waypoint
Distance to
Waypoint
Track Over
Ground
Speed
Compass
Ring
UserSelectable
Field
In this example, the compass page indicates that
you are traveling in a
northerly (334 degrees)
direction and the destination waypoint is north
(358 degrees) of your current direction of travel.
In this example, the compass page indicates that
you are traveling in a
northerly (020 degrees)
direction and the
destination waypoint is
west (357 degrees) of
your current direction of
travel.
36
Page 36
Destination
Waypoint
Pointer to
Waypoint
User-Selectable
Field
The Compass Page provides better steering guidance for travel at slow speeds (e.g., walking) and for
travel with many directional changes.
At the top of the page, the bearing (BRG) and distance (DST) to the waypoint are displayed. The distance displayed is the straight-line distance from your
present position to the destination waypoint. The bearing indicates the exact compass heading from you to
the destination. Below the bearing and distance, track
(TRK) and speed (SPD) are displayed. The track is your
course over ground and the speed is your speed over
ground.
The middle of the page features a rotating “compass
ring” that shows your course over ground while you
are moving, with a pointer arrow to the destination displayed in the center. The arrow shows the direction of
your destination waypoint, relative to the direction you
are moving. For instance, if the arrow points up, you
are going directly to the waypoint. If the arrow points
any direction (left, right, down, etc.), turn toward the
arrow until it points up and then continue in that
direction.
The bottom of the page shows two user-selectable
fields for ETE, ETA, CTS, XTK, VMG, or TRN.
When you are one minute away from your destination (based on your current speed and track over
ground), the GPS 126/128 will alert you with a flashing
on-screen message box.
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REFERENCE
Map Page
The GPS 126/128 features a powerful real-time
moving map that does much more than just plot your
course and route. The Map Page also provides you with
a target cursor that will let you pan ahead to nearby
waypoints, determine the distance and bearing to any
map position, and mark new waypoints while you
navigate.
Bearing to
Waypoint
Map Page
Distance to
Waypoint
Present
Position
Track Over
Ground
Speed Over
Ground
The map contains 12 selectable range scales from
0.2 to 320 miles (0.5 to 600 km). The scale represents
the distance shown from the top of the screen to the
bottom. Move from scale to scale by using the dedicated
zoom keys (IN and OUT). Pressing IN decreases the
scale and pressing OUT increases the scale.
Note: A map scale represents the distance shown
from the bottom to the top
of the Map Page. For
example, when viewing
the 2 mile scale, the distance represented between
the top and bottom of the
screen is 2 miles.
A diamond icon in the center of the page represents
your present position, with your track and/or route displayed as a solid line. Nearby waypoints are shown
with the corresponding name listed. You may select
which items are shown through the map setup submenu page (see pages 40-41 for more information).
The four corners of the Map Page are used to display various navigation data, including the bearing and
distance to a destination waypoint and your current
track and speed over the ground. The two fields at the
top corners of the map show your bearing and distance
to one of three selectable destinations: an active destination waypoint; a highlighted on-screen waypoint; or the
panning target crosshair. If you are not navigating to a
waypoint or using the panning function, the top data
fields will not be displayed. The bottom corners of the
display always show your current track and speed.
The four corners of the
Map Page are used to
show your course and
speed and the distance to
either a cursor or to a destination waypoint.
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REFERENCE
Zooming,
Panning, &
Pointing
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Page 38
Zooming, Panning, and Pointing
There are three main functions you can perform
from the Map Page: zooming, panning, and pointing,
Zooming is increasing or decreasing the display scale of
the map. Panning is using a target crosshair and the
arrow keypad to “slide” the map window in any direction, including diagonally, to view the surrounding area.
Pointing is the act of highlighting a map position or
waypoint on the map in order to create a new waypoint,
review waypoint information, or GOTO a selected waypoint or map position.
From the Map Page, you can also access the Map
and Track Setup menus (see page 40).
To select a zoom scale (even while panning):
1. Press I or H once for each level of increase or
decrease desired.
A crosshair will appear
when you activate the pan
function. The distance and
direction of the crosshair
from your current position
will be shown in the upper
corners of the Map Page.
2. Press and hold down either key to increase or
decrease by more than one scale.
To activate the pan function:
1. Press the arrow keypad in any direction.
As you begin to move the map, a crosshair will
appear. This crosshair will now serve as a target marker
for the moving map. The distance and bearing from
your present position to the target crosshair will appear
in the upper corners of the map. If you are conducting
a GOTO at the time you activate the panning function,
the crosshair bearing and distance will replace the bearing and distance of the GOTO waypoint.
As you pan around the map, you’ll notice that the
target crosshair will point to on-screen waypoints and
highlight the waypoint name. Once a waypoint name is
highlighted, you can review its waypoint definition page
or execute a GOTO function right from the Map Page.
On-Screen Pointing
The crosshair will “snap”
to displayed waypoints,
which allows you to quickly review or GOTO the
selected waypoint right
from the Map Page.
38
To review the definition page for a waypoint highlighted on the map:
1. Press F. The waypoint definition page will appear.
Review and make any desired changes to the highlighted waypoint.
2. When finished, highlight the ‘DONE?’ field and press
F.
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Zooming, Panning, & Pointing (continued
REFERENCE
To go to a waypoint highlighted on the map:
1. Press the G key.The GOTO waypoint page will
appear with the waypoint’s name highlighted.
Using the
Cursor
2. Press the F key to confirm.
To stop panning and display present position:
1. Press the Q key.
Using the Cursor to Mark and GOTO Waypoints
You may custom tailor the
Map Page to show waypoints by any of three
options.
During panning, the crosshair represents a target
position right on the moving map, with the range and
bearing to the target at the top corners of the screen.
To mark the target crosshair as a waypoint:
1. Press the F key to capture the position. The
option menu will appear.
2. Select ‘MAP POSITION’ and press F.
3. Enter a new name, symbol, etc., and press F.
You can also use the target crosshair as an instant
GOTO destination. This function will mark and
instantly set a course for a new waypoint called ‘MAP’.
To GOTO the target crosshair:
1. Press the G key to capture the position.
2. Press the F key to confirm the MAP GOTO.
To save the MAP waypoint, rename it, as it will be
overwritten the next time a map GOTO is executed.
Marking a Cursor
Position
To mark a new waypoint
with the crosshair, simply
pan to the desired position
and press the ENTER key.
Select the appropriate
menu option and press
ENTER again.
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REFERENCE
Using Cursor &
Map/Track Setup
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Page 40
Zooming, Panning, and Configuring (cont.)
From the waypoint definition page, you can also
define how each individual waypoint is displayed on
the map. The GPS 126/128 displays waypoints as a
name with a corresponding symbol (e.g., “nearest fuel”
and a gas pump symbol), a symbol only (e.g., a fish
symbol), or a 16-character comment and corresponding
symbol (e.g., “great view” and the camp site symbol).
The waypoint name has a six character limit while the
‘comment’ field has a 16-character limit, and there are
16 individual waypoint symbols available.
To select a waypoint display option:
1. Highlight the symbol field (to the right of the name
field), and press F.
2. Move the cursor to the ‘display’ field, and press F.
The map setup window
gives access to the map
setup and track setup
pages right from the Map
Page.
3. Select one of the following display options: ‘name with
symbol,’ ‘symbol only,’ or ‘comment with symbol and
press F.’
4. Press F to confirm the ‘DONE?’ prompt.
5. Press F again (on the waypoint definition page) to
return to the Map Page.
The last function you can perform with a waypoint
highlighted on the Map Page is to perform a GOTO
directly to the waypoint.
To go to a waypoint highlighted on the Map Page:
1. Press G.
2. Press F to confirm the GOTO waypoint page.
Accessing Map Setup/Track Setup Windows
The Map Page’s default
screen orientation is track
up. “Track Up” means
that your current direction
of travel is always up (or
toward the top of) the
screen. It can also be set
for north up or desired
track up orientation.
40
You can access two additional pages—the map
setup page and the track setup page—from the Map
Page. Make sure that no waypoints are highlighted on
the map and press F. The Map Page option menu
will appear.
To select map setup or track setup:
1. Highlight the desired choice, and press F.
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Map Setup Page and Orientation
The map setup page lets you select Map Page and
satellite sky view (see pg. 14) orientation, as well as
specify what items are displayed. The Map and Satellite
Pages may be oriented to ‘NORTH UP,’ ‘TRACK UP’
(the direction of current travel), or ‘DTK UP’ (desired
track up, or the direction of travel to stay on course).
The default setting is track up.
REFERENCE
Map & Track
Setup
To change the map orientation:
1. Highlight the ‘map’ field, and press F.
2. Select the desired orientation, and press F.
Note: Selecting the ‘DTK UP’ option will set the
satellite sky view to track up orientation.
The rest of the map setup page lets you specify
what items are displayed or plotted on the Map Page
by selecting ‘YES’ or ‘NO’ in the appropriate field.
• ’Rings’— displays the three present position range
rings on the map.
• ’Route’— plots the straight leg lines between waypoints of an active route and displays all
route waypoint names.
Use the track setup page
to control the way the GPS
126/128 manages your
track log.
• ’Nearest’— shows the nine nearest waypoints to your
position (black diamond) on the map.
• ’Names’— displays the waypoint name for the nine
nearest waypoints.
• ’Track Log’— displays and plots track points on the
map.
To turn a map item on or off:
1. Highlight ‘YES’ or ‘NO’ for the specific map item, and
press F. Select ‘YES’ or ‘NO' and press F.
Track Setup Page
The track setup page manages the GPS 126/128’s
track log data. From this page, you can select whether
to record a track log and define how it is recorded.
To turn the track log on or off:
1. Highlight the ‘record’ field, and press F.
Entering a time interval
into the track recording
method will help to
increase the distance you
can travel without using
up your track log., Using
a time interval will
reduce the effectiveness of
TracBack.
2. Select ‘OFF, FILL, or WRAP’, and press F. (Note:
Turning the track recording off will prevent using
TracBack.
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REFERENCE
Track Method
Track Log
Management
The stored track method determines how often
positions are stored in the track log. The default setting
is automatic, which will store a track based on resolution. This setting gives the most efficient use of track
memory and provides the best TracBack route.
To change the method to record points based on a
specific time interval:
1. Highlight the ‘METHOD’ field, and press F.
2. Select ‘TIME INTERVAL’, and press F twice.
3. Enter hours, minutes, and seconds, and press F.
4. Press Q to exit the menu.
Track Log Display
The track setup menu lets
you instantly change track
features directly from the
Map Page.
The track log option gives you a choice of displaying or not displaying the track log. This only effects the
display on the Map Page and not the recording in memory. The track log will still be stored in memory as long
as the “record” setting is ‘WRAP’ or ‘FILL’. When set to
“on”, the display uses 1024 points.
Managing and Clearing the Track Log
The rest of the track setup window displays the percentage of available memory currently used to store
track log data, as well as function fields to clear the
track log memory and activate the TracBack feature.
To clear the track log:
1. Highlight ‘CLEAR LOG?’, and press F.
2. Highlight ‘Yes?’, and press F.
Clear the track log any
time your screen gets cluttered or when starting a
new TracBack.
42
Note: It’s a good idea to clear the track log at the
end of the trail head, etc., in order to make the best use
of the TracBack feature.
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Page 43
Menu Page
The GPS 126/128’s Menu Page provides access to
additional pages (submenus) that are used to select and
customize operation and navigation setup. These eight
pages are divided into categories by function. We’ve
already gone over the waypoint and route management
pages in their respective sections. Let’s review the rest
of these pages as they appear on the Menu Page.
REFERENCE
Menu Page &
Distance/Sun
Calculation
To select a submenu page from the Menu Page:
1. Highlight the page, and press F.
2. To return to the Menu Page, press Q.
Distance and Sun Calculations
The distance and sun calculation page will give you
the distance and bearing between any two waypoints or
between your present position and a waypoint. It will
also calculate the sunrise and sunset (in local time) for
a particular date at either your present position or any
stored waypoint.
To perform a distance and sun calculation:
1. Highlight the ‘from’ field and press F. Enter the
desired waypoint, and press F.
The Menu Page allows
you access to a variety of
waypoint, route, system
and setup features.
2. Highlight the ‘to’ field and press F. Enter the destination waypoint, and press F.
3. The ‘date’ field will become highlighted. Press F
to enter the date you’ll arrive at your destination, and
press F.
If you haven’t marked your present position as a
waypoint or you leave the ‘to’ field blank, the sunrise
and sunset at your present position will be shown.
Message Page
The message page is used to display all messages in
the GPS 126/128. There are two types of messages:
temporary alerts (e.g., approaching a waypoint) and
condition alerts (e.g., WPT memory is full). All messages are indicated by a flashing on-screen box. After a
temporary alert has been viewed, it is cleared.
Condition alerts are displayed on the message page
until the condition has been resolved.
The GPS 126/128 will
calculate the sunrise and
sunset times of any stored
waypoint or your present
position. To calculate,
enter the date and year
and press ENTER.
To view the message page:
1. Highlight the ‘MESSAGES’ field and press F.
See Appendix C for a complete list of messages.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
Interface Setup
& DGPS
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Page 44
Interface Setup
The GPS 126/128’s interface page lets you specify
the formats for connecting external devices. There are
six options: GRMN/GRMN, None/None, RTCM/None,
RTCM/NMEA, NMEA/NMEA, and None/NMEA. Each
option lists the input format first, followed by the output format.
To select I/O format:
1. Highlight the I/O field, and press F.
2. Select the desired setting, and press F.
The GRMN/GRMN setting is a proprietary format
that lets you exchange information such as waypoints,
routes, and track logs between two GARMIN GPS units
or a GARMIN GPS and a PC. There are ten data transfer
options: send alm, send wpt, send trk, send rte, send
prx, request alm, request wpt, request trk, request rte,
request prx.
The selectable baud rate is
available for all RTCM
interface options.
To select a transfer option:
1. Highlight ‘HOST’, and press F.
2. Select a desired setting, and press F.
To disable all interfacing capabilities, select the
None/None setting. If you want to output NMEA data
without any differential input capability, select
‘None/NMEA.’
DGPS Interface
Alert messages will signal
any problems with DGPS
operation.
44
The last two format settings allow the differentialready GPS 126/128 to accept RTCM DGPS corrections
in RTCM 104 version 2.0 format. Using DGPS corrections will improve receiver accuracy to 1-5 meters,
regardless of errors induced by the government’s
Selective Availability (SA) program. Two RTCM options
are available: RTCM/NONE, which allows connection to
a beacon receiver with no output capability; and
RTCM/NMEA, which allows DGPS input and NMEA
output.
Once a RTCM setting has been selected, the GPS
126/128 will either automatically try to tune the last frequency and bit rate you selected or will switch to the
default frequency of 304.0 kHz with a bit rate of 100
bps if no previous beacon has been tuned. You may also
enter your own frequency and bit rate if desired.
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To enter a DGPS beacon frequency:
REFERENCE
1. Highlight the ‘freq’ field, and press F.
2. Enter the desired frequency, and press F.
DGPS Interface
3. Highlight the ‘rate’ field, and press F.
4. Select the desired transmission rate, and press F.
Note: The ‘freq’ and ‘rate’ fields are active only
when the interface is set to RTCM/NMEA.
When the GPS 126/128 is receiving DGPS corrections from the GBR 21, the ‘beacon receiver’ section of
the I/O setup page will display the beacon frequency
and signal strength, as well as the distance from the
transmitter to the beacon receiver. At the bottom of the
beacon receiver field, a status message will keep you
informed of DGPS activity:
• A ‘Tuning’ message will be displayed while a beacon signal is being tuned.
• Once the beacon signal has been tuned, a
‘Receiving’ message will be displayed.
• If a beacon signal is tuned and no corrections are
being received, a ‘No Data’ message will be displayed.
• If a beacon signal cannot be tuned, a ‘No Status’
message will be displayed.
The message page will alert you to any problems
relating to DGPS operation. You may also monitor the
DGPS status from the status field on the interface page.
The GPS 126/128 will display one of three alert messages concerning DGPS operation:
No DGPS Position— there is not enough data
available to compute a DGPS position.
No RTCM Input— the beacon receiver is not
properly connected or the baud rates do not
match.
RTCM Input Failed— DGPS data was being
received but has been lost.
Choose an interface
option based upon what
equipment you are using
to transfer information.
Once the RTCM/NMEA
option is selected, you can
manually tune the beacon
receiver from the frequency field.
45
126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
System Setup,
Date/Time &
Time Format
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System Setup
The system setup page is used to select the operating mode, time offset, and screen preferences. The GPS
126/128 has two operating modes:
• Normal Mode operates the unit using satellite
tracking information.
• Simulator Mode allows you to operate the unit
without acquiring satellites, and is ideal for practicing or entering waypoints and routes while at
home.
To select an operating mode:
1. Highlight the ‘mode’ field, and press F.
2. Select a mode, and press F.
Date and Time Setup
The GPS 126/128’s two
operating modes are
accessed through the system setup submenu.
The date and time is located directly below the
mode field.
Note: Date and time information is derived from the
GPS satellites and cannot be changed by the user.
Because the time shown is UTC time (Greenwich
mean time), you will need to enter a time offset to display the correct local time for your area. To determine
the time offset for your area, note your position and
refer to the chart in Appendix D.
To enter the time offset:
1. Highlight the ‘offset’ field, and press F.
2. Enter the time offset, and press F.
Note: Move the cursor to the left to change the plus
or minus sign.
Time Format
To display the correct
local time, you must enter
the appropriate offset
from the chart at the end
of Appendix C.
46
The time display shown on the system setup and
Position Pages may be set to display the time in a 12- or
24-hour format.
To select the time format:
1. Highlight the ‘hours’ field, and press F.
2. Select 12- or 24-hour display, and press F.
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Screen Contrast
The GPS 126/128 has adjustable screen contrast
controlled by an on-screen bar scale.
To set the screen contrast from the Menu Page:
REFERENCE
Screen Contrast
& Backlighting
1. Highlight the ‘contrast’ field, and press F.
2. Adjust the bar scale to the desired contrast, and
press F.
Note: The screen contrast can also be adjusted by
pressing the rocker keypad while viewing the Satellite
Page (see pg. 13).
Screen Backlighting Timer
The screen backlight timer is adjustable for 15, 30,
60, 120, or 240 seconds. The timer also may be set to
the “Stay On” setting for continuous use. Whenever
backlighting is on, a bulb icon will appear on the
Satellite Page.
To set the backlight timer:
1. Highlight the ‘light’ field, and press F.
2. Select the desired setting, and press F.
The “Stay On” setting will
keep your backlighting on
continuously.
3. To turn lighting on and off, press the P briefly.
Navigation Setup
The navigation setup submenu page is used to
select units of measurement for position formats, map
datums, CDI scale, units, and heading information.
Position Formats
The default position format for the GPS 126/128 is
latitude and longitude in degrees and minutes
(hdddºmm.mmm’). You may also select degrees, minutes and seconds (hdddºmm’ss.s’’); degrees only
(hddd.dddddº); UTM/UPS coordinates; or British,
German, Irish, Maidenhead, Swedish, Swiss, or Taiwan,
or User grid formats.
To select a position format:
1. Highlight the ‘position format’ field, and press F.
Select the desired setting, and press F.
The position format may
be set to display your
choice of many formats.
Note: degree and minutes
is the default setting.
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126/128 Manual (new)
REFERENCE
Datums, CDI
Settings, &
Measurement
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User Grid Option
The user grid option lets you create a user-defined
position format by establishing factors such as longitude
of origin, scale, and false Easting or Northing.
To define a user grid:
1. Select ‘User Grid’, and press F. Enter values for
longitude origin, scale, false Easting and Northing,
then press F. Highlight ‘SAVE?’, and press F.
Map Datums
The ‘datum’ field is located just below the ‘position’
field and comes with a WGS 84 default setting.
Although 106 total map datums are available for use
(see Appendix D for map datums), you should only
change the datum if you are using maps or charts that
specify a different datum than WGS 84.
To select a map datum:
The default map datum
will cover worldwide navigation. However, if you
are using a paper map or
chart which uses a different map datum than WGS
84, then you may wish to
switch to that datum.
1. Highlight the ‘datum’ field, and press F.
2. Select the desired setting, and press F.
To define a user datum:
1. Highlight the ‘datum’ field, and press F.
2. Scroll through the map datum options until ‘User’
appears, and press F.
3. Enter values for ‘DX’, ‘DY’, ‘DZ’, ‘DA’, and ‘DF’ using the
rocker keypad, and press F.
4. Highlight ‘SAVE?’, and press F. The setup menu
will reappear.
CDI Scale Settings
The course deviation indicator (CDI) field lets you
select the +/- range of the CDI bar scale on the Highway
Page. Three scales are available: +/- 0.25 (default), 1.25,
and 5.0 miles or kilometers. Note: This CDI value represents the full deflection of scale to either side.
The user datum feature
allows you to define the
earth model used to calculate position coordinates.
WARNING: Incorrect
entries may result in substantial position errors.
48
To enter a CDI scale setting:
1. Highlight the ‘cdi scale’ field, and press F.
2. Select the desired setting, and press F.
Units of Measure
The GPS 126/128 lets you select statute (default),
nautical, or metric units of measure for all ‘speed’ and
‘distance’ fields.
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To change the unit of measure:
1. Highlight the ‘units’ field, and press F.
2. Select the desired unit of measure, and press F.
Speed Filter
REFERENCE
Speed Filter and
Magnetic
Heading
The speed filter allows you to determine how the
GPS 126/128 responds to changes in track or ground
speed. Three settings are available: automatic, on, or
off. The ‘Auto’ setting is the default and will monitor
changes in your current track and speed and adjust the
receiver’s response time automatically. The ‘On’ setting
allows you to manually enter a response time up to
300 seconds. Selecting a higher setting may be desirable in slow-speed applications with frequent changes
in track.
To enter a value for the speed filter:
1. Highlight the ‘SPEED FILTER’ field and press F.
2. Select the ‘ON’ option and press F.
3. Highlight the “speed value” field and press the F
key.
4. Use U and D to select the desired number of
seconds.
5. Press the F key to confirm the selection.
The number entered represents a window of time the
GPS 126/128 considers in
adjusting to changes in
speed and track. For example, if 12 seconds is entered,
the speed displayed will
constantly represent the
speed averaged over the last
12 seconds.
Magnetic Heading Reference
The GPS 126/128’s heading information can be displayed referencing magnetic north (automatic or userdefined), true north, or calculated grid headings. The
default setting is automatic magnetic north, which is
suitable for most applications.
To select a heading reference:
1. Highlight the ‘heading’ field, and press F.
2. Select the desired heading preference, and press
F.
To enter a user-defined magnetic heading:
.
1. Select ‘User Mag’ and press F.
2. Press F, enter the degrees and direction of magnetic variation, then press F.
To enter a user-defined
magnetic variation, select
the ‘User Mag’ option and
enter the desired direction
and value.
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REFERENCE
Alarms Setup
Alarms Setup
The alarms setup page is used to set the three
alarms available on the GPS 126/128: the anchor drag
alarm, arrival alarm, and CDI alarm.
The anchor drag alarm will sound if your boat has
moved outside a range measured from a central point
(your position). The arrival alarm sounds when you are
approaching a waypoint and have reached the user
defined distance. The CDI alarm will alert you when
your track varies from the shortest distance to a waypoint by the defined range.
The arrival and CDI alarms may be set from 0.0 to
9.9 units. The anchor drag alarm may be set up to 9.99
distance units.
To set the alarms:
1. Move the highlight to ‘ALARMS SETUP’ and press
F.
When activated, the arrival
alarm will sound when you
reach the specified distance
from your destination
waypoint.
2. Select the desired alarm distance field and press
F.
3. Enter the distance for the alarm and press F.
4. If you would like to change the ‘On/Off’ setting, press
the F key and use the U and D keys to turn
the alarm on or off.
5. Enter a setting and press the F key.
#
!
Use the CDI alarm to
ensure you maintain a
straight-line course to the
destination waypoint.
50
When setting the anchor drag alarm, remember
that Selective Availability can degrade your
GPS position as much as 100 meters and may
cause false anchor drag alerts.
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Navigation Simulator
The GPS 126/128’s simulator mode lets you practice all aspects of its operation without active satellite
acquisition. You can plan and practice trips, enter new
waypoints and routes, and save them for use during
normal operation.
REFERENCE
Navigation
Simulator
To activate the simulator:
1. From the Menu Page, highlight ‘SYSTEM SETUP’, and
press F.
2. Highlight the ‘mode’ field, and press F.
3. Select ‘Simulator?’, and press F.
Once the simulator mode has been activated, use
the Position, Compass, or Highway Page to set your
speed and track by highlighting the appropriate field,
entering the desired value, and pressing F. You may
also enter a new position if you desire (from the
Position Page).
#
!
The GPS 126/128 does not track satellites in
simulator mode. Although you can create and
save waypoints and routes while using the
simulator mode, never attempt to use the simulator mode for actual navigation.
Select the simulator mode
from the operation mode
choices and press ENTER.
You may return to normal
operation by changing the
operation mode or by
turning the unit off.
51
126/128 Manual (new)
APPENDIX A
Initialization
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Initializing for First-Time Use
The GPS 126/128 typically acquires a position so
fast that initialization is automatic. However, initialization will be necessary for the following:
• After memory loss
• When the receiver has been moved more than
500 miles with the power off
Additionally, it may be necessary to initialize the
unit the first time you use it, if it does not acquire a fix
in a few minutes.
The receiver is shipped from the factory in
AutoLocate™ mode, which enables the GPS 126/128 to
determine its location anywhere in the world. To speed
up the initialization process, we recommend using the
graphic initialization described below.
To turn the GPS 126/128 on:
Welcome Page
1. Press and hold P until the receiver turns on.
The welcome page will be displayed while the unit
conducts a self test.
Once testing is complete, the welcome page will be
replaced by the Satellite Page, with the EZinit prompt
ready for you to select one of two initialization
methods:
•Select Country––allows you to initialize the
receiver by selecting your present position from a
list of countries in the GPS 126/128’s internal database. This may speed up the initialization process.
•AutolocateTM ––allows the GPS 126/128 to initialize itself and calculate a position fix without knowing your present position. This usually provides a
position fix in 3-5 minutes.
If the EZinit prompt has not automatically
appeared on the Satellite Page:
The EZinit prompt will
automatically appear if
the receiver needs to be
initialized. The prompt
may also appear during
normal use if the antenna
is shaded.
52
1. Press the F key.
Note: If the EZinit prompt ever appears after you
have initialized the receiver (due to the antennas view
of satellites being obstructed by trees, etc.), highlight
the ‘no re-init’ selection with the arrow keypad and
press F.
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To initialize the receiver:
1. If the ‘country’ option is not highlighted, press theD
key repeatedly to move the field highlight to the
‘COUNTRY’ option.
APPENDIX A
Initialization
2. Press the F key.
3. Use the D key to scroll through the list options until
the country of your present position appears.
4. Use theU key to highlight the country/state/region
you’re in. If the country you’re in is not listed, select
another country within 500 miles of your present
position.
5. Press F to finish.
The GPS 126/128 will now begin searching for the
appropriate satellites for your location and should
acquire a position within 3-5 minutes. You can verify
that you have acquired a position by watching the
Satellite Page transition to the Position Page (provided
you haven’t pressed any other buttons) or by looking
for a ‘2D NAV’ or ‘3D NAV’ status at the top-left corner
of the Satellite Page.
Initialization Troubleshooting
If you have trouble initializing the receiver or
acquiring a position, check the following:
Use the arrow keypad to
highlight the country,
region, or state of your
present position from the
list and press ENTER. If
the country is not listed,
select the closest country
instead.
• Does the unit have a clear view of the sky?
If there are large buildings or mountains nearby, or
if there is heavy tree cover, the receiver may not be
receiving enough satellite signals to calculate a
position.
• Have you selected the right country/state/region
from the EZinit list?
Check for the correct approximate lat/lon on the
Position Page, or reselect the appropriate country
from the list to restart the initialization.
• Have you moved more than 500 miles from the
last calculated position with the receiver off?
Reinitialize the receiver, selecting the country/state/
region of your new location from the EZinit list.
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126/128 Manual (new)
APPENDIX B
Installation
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Page 54
Mounting the GPS 126
The GARMIN GPS 126 should be mounted in an
exposed location with an unobstructed view of the sky.
The unit comes with a gimbal bracket that can be used
to surface mount the unit. When choosing a location
for the display unit, make sure you consider the following conditions:
• There should be at least 2” (5 cm) clearance
behind the case to allow connection of the
power/data cable.
• The mounting surface should be rigid enough to
support the unit and protect it from excessive
vibration and shock.
• The built in antenna has an unobstructed view of
the sky.
To surface mount the GPS 126:
1. Place the mounting bracket in the desired location.
2. Mark and drill the four mounting holes for the fasteners you are using (not included).
3. Fasten the bracket to the surface using the appropriate fasteners.
4. Insert the GPS 126 into the mounting bracket.
5. Screw the two mounting knobs through the bracket
and into the GPS 126.
54
6. Connect the power/data cable to the back of the unit,
making sure the locking ring is engaged.
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Mounting the GPS 128
The GPS128’s compact case is suitable for mounting
in exposed locations or at the nav station. The unit
comes with a gimbal mount that can be used for surface, overhead, or flush mounting the unit. When
choosing a location for the display unit, make sure you
consider the following conditions:
APPENDIX B
Installation
• There should be at least 2” (5 cm) clearance
behind the case to allow connection of the
power/data cable.
• The mounting surface should be rigid enough to
support the unit and protect it from excessive
vibration and shock.
To surface mount the GPS 128:
1. Place the mounting bracket in the desired location.
2. Mark and drill the four mounting holes for the fasteners you are using (not included).
3. Fasten the bracket to the surface using the appropriate fasteners.
4. Insert the GPS 128 into the mounting bracket.
5. Screw the two mounting knobs through the bracket
and into the GPS 128.
6. Connect the power/data cable and antenna to the
back of the unit, making sure the locking rings are
engaged.
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126/128 Manual (new)
Appendix b
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Page 56
To flush mount the GPS 128:
Installation
The GPS 126/128 can be mounted flush with a flat
panel of .08-.52” thickness using the cam lobe feature
on its mounting bracket.
1. Cut a 4.15” W x 4.67” H hole in panel.
2. Place GPS 128 into hole from the front until its flange
rests against the mounting surface.
3. From the back side of the panel, loosely attach the
bracket such that the slot in the ratchet area points
away from the mounting panel.
4. Rotate the bracket downward until the panel
is pinched tightly between the units flange
and bracket lobe.
5. Tighten knobs and connect the power/data
and antenna cables. Note: If the panel is too thick to
allow use of the supplied knobs, use two M6 screws to
secure the bracket.
56
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Mounting the GPS 128 antenna
The antenna should be mounted in a location that has
a clear, unobstructed view of the sky in all directions to
ensure the best reception. Avoid mounting the antenna
where it will be shaded by the boats superstructure, a
radome antenna, or mast. Sailboat users should avoid
mounting the antenna high on the mast to prevent inaccurate speed readings caused by excessive heeling. Most
marine VHF and loran antennas will not seriously
degrade the GPS antennas reception. Never paint the
antenna or clean it with harsh solvents.
Appendix b
Installation
The GARMIN antenna screws directly onto any standard 1” x 14-thread antenna mount. If you need to raise
the antenna to avoid shading, try using a 1” x 14-thread
extension mast available at most marine dealers.
To install the GPS antenna:
BEST
BETTER
GOOD
1. Screw the antenna directly onto the 1” x 14-thread
mount.
2. Route the cable to the mounting location of the
display unit. Use the appropriate tie-wraps,
escutcheon plates and sealant to secure the cable
along the route and through any bulkhead or deck.
3. Once the GPS 128 has been installed, connect the
cable to the antenna connector on the back of the
display unit. Make sure that you turn the antenna
cable connector 1/4 turn clockwise to lock the
cable into place.
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126/128 Manual (new)
APPENDIX C
Specifications &
Wiring
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Page 58
The GPS 126/128 is constructed of high quality
materials and should not require user maintenance. Should your
unit ever need repair, please take it to an authorized GARMIN service center or contact the GARMIN customer service department.
The GPS 126/128 has no user serviceable parts. Never attempt
any repairs yourself.
To protect your GPS, never allow gasoline or other solvents to
come in contact with the case or screen. Clean the case and screen
with a soft cloth and a household window cleaner.
PHYSICAL
Case:
Size:
Waterproof*
4.9”H x 5.3”W x 2.4”D
(15.6 x 5.1 x 1.23 cm)
Weight:
Less than 1 lb. (454g)
Temperature Range: 5º to 158ºF (-15º to 70ºC)
PERFORMANCE
Receiver:
12 Parallel-Channel
Acquisition Time:
Approx. 15 seconds (warm)
Approx. 45 seconds (cold)
Approx. 5 minutes (AutoLocate)
Update Rate:
1/second, continuous
Position Accuracy:
1-5 meters (3-17 ft.) with DGPS corrections**
15 meters (49 ft.) RMS***
Velocity Accuracy:
0.1 knot RMS steady state
Dynamics:
Performs specification to 6g’s
POWER
Input:
10-40v DC
Usage:
2 watts
Specifications subject to change without notice
* Meets IEC (European Community Specification) 529 IPX7 for protection against immersion for 30 minutes at a depth of 1 meter.
** With optional GARMIN GBR 21 Beacon Receiver Input.
58
***Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S. DOD-imposed Selective
Availability Program.
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APPENDIX C
Connecting the power/data cable
The power/data cable connects the GPS 126/128 system to a 10-40 volt DC power source and provides interface capabilities for connecting NMEA devices and an
external alarm The diagram below indicates the appropriate harness connections.
Specifications &
Wiring
To connect the GPS 126/128 to a power source:
1. Connect the RED harness lead to the positive side of a 10-40 volt DC power source. Make sure
the power lead has an in-line 1-amp fuse installed.
2. Connect the BLACK harness lead to a ground strip or the negative side of a
10-40 volt DC power source.
PIN 1 (red): 10-40 volts DC
PIN 2 (black): Ground
3
4
5
2
6
1
(-)
PIN 3 (blue): NMEA out
(+)
10-40 volts DC
PIN 4 (brown): NMEA in
7
PIN 5 (white): No connection
Pin assignment
PIN 6 (green): No connection
PIN 7 (yellow): alarm low
(-)
Shield Grounded
Through GPS
Autopilot/
NMEA Device
GBR 21
Beacon
Receiver
Alarm/
Relay
(+)
To connect an external alarm, connect the ground side of the alarm device to the
YELLOW harness lead. (100 mA DC load max.) The following interface formats are supported by the GPS 126/128 for driving three NMEA devices:
NMEA 0180, NMEA 0182,
NMEA 0183 version 2.0:
NMEA 0183 version 1.5:
Approved sentences:
Approved sentences:
GPBWC, GPGLL, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPXTE,
GPVTG, GPWPL, GPBOD
Proprietary sentences:
PGRMM (map datum), PGRMZ
(altitude), PSLIB (beacon rec. control)
GPGGA, GPGLL, GPGSA, GPGSV,
GPRMB, GPRMC, GPRTE, GPWPL, GPBOD
Proprietary sentences:
PGRME (estimated error), PGRMM (map
datum), PGRMZ (altitude), PSLIB (beacon
receiver control)
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APPENDIX D
Messages &
Time Offsets
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The GPS 126/128 uses a flashing on-screen message
indicator to alert you to important information. Whenever
the message indicator appears, press PAGE to view the
message page. There are two types of messages: temporary
alerts and condition alerts. Temporary alerts are cleared
from the message page after viewing, while condition
alerts remain until the condition has been resolved. Pay
careful attention to all messages for your own safety.
Active WPT Can’t be Deleted—You have attempted to change the “active to” or
“active from” waypoint. Clear the active route or GOTO before making your changes.
Accuracy has been Degraded—The accuracy of the GPS 126/128 has been degraded
beyond 500 meters due to poor satellite geometry or data quality. You should check
other navigational sources to verify the position indicated.
Already Exists—The name you are entering already exists in the GPS 126/128’s memory.
Approaching—You are one minute away from reaching a destination waypoint.
No DGPS Position—Not enough data is available to compute a DGPS position.
No RTCM Input—Beacon receiver is improperly connected or baud rates do not match.
Poor GPS Coverage—The GPS 126/128 cannot acquire the necessary number of
satellites to compute a position. Try another location with a clearer view of the sky.
Power Down and Re-init—The GPS 126/128 is not able to calculate a position due
to abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and verify the last position shown by
other means. Try the unit again later, possibly in a different location.
Read Only Mem has Failed—The permanent memory has failed and the unit is not
operable.
Received an Invalid WPT—A waypoint was received during upload transfer that has
an invalid identifier.
Receiver has Failed—A failure in receiver hardware has been detected. If this message persists, do not use the unit and take it to an authorized dealer for repair.
Route is Full—You have attempted to add more than 30 waypoints to a route.
Route is not Empty—You have attempted to copy into a route already in use.
Route Waypoint Can’t be Deleted—The waypoint you are trying to delete is part of
a route. Delete the waypoint from the route before removing it from memory.
Route Waypoint was Deleted—A route waypoint entered does not exist in the database and has been deleted from the route.
RTCM Input has Failed—DGPS data being received has been lost. You are no longer
receiving the beacon signal.
Searching the Sky—The GPS 126/128 is in searching the sky for almanac data or the
unit is in AutoLocateTM mode.
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APPENDIX D
Messages &
Time Offsets
Stored Data was Lost—All waypoints, routes, time and almanac data has been lost
due to internal battery failure or clearing the receiver’s memory.
Transfer has been Completed—The receiver is finished uploading or downloading
information to the connected device.
WPT Memory is Full—You have used all 500 waypoints in the GPS 126/128. Delete
unwanted waypoints to make room for new entries.
Time Offset Chart
The table below gives approximate UTC time offset for various longitudinal zones. If you are in daylight savings time, add one hour to the offset.
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
W180.0º to W172.5º
-12
E007.5º to E022.5º
1
W172.5º to W157.5º
-11
E022.5º to E037.5º
2
W157.5º to W142.5º
-10
E037.5º to E052.5º
3
W142.5º to W127.5º
-9
E052.5º to E067.5º
4
W127.5º to W112.5º
-8
E067.5º to E082.5º
5
W112.5º to W097.5º
-7
E082.5º to E097.5º
6
W097.5º to W082.5º
-6
E097.5º to E112.5º
7
W082.5º to W067.5º
-5
E112.5º to E127.5º
8
W067.5º to W052.5º
-4
E127.5º to E142.5º
9
W052.5º to W037.5º
-3
E142.5º to E157.5º
10
W037.5º to W022.5º
-2
E157.5º to E172.5º
11
W022.5º to W007.5º
-1
E172.5º to E180.0º
12
W007.5º to E007.5º
0
61
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Page 62
APPENDIX E
Map Datums
Adindan
Afgooye
AIN EL ABD ‘70
Anna 1 Ast ‘65
ARC 1950
ARC 1960
Ascnsn Isld ‘58
Astro B4 Sorol
Astro Bcn “E”
Astro Dos 71/4
Astr Stn ‘52
Astrln Geod ‘66
Astrln Geod ‘84
Austria
Bellevue (IGN)
Bermuda 1957
Bogata Observ
Campo Inchspe
Canton Ast ‘66
Cape
Cape Canavrl
Carthage
CH-1903
Chatham 1971
Chua Astro
Corrego Alegr
Djakarta
Dos 1968
62
The following list shows the map datums available for
the GPS 126/128 Menu page abbreviations are listed first,
followed by the corresponding map datum name and area.
The default map datum for the GPS 126/128 is WGS 84.
Adindan- Ethiopia, Mali,
Senegal, Sudan
Afgooye- Somalia
AIN EL ANBD 1970- Bahrain
Island, Saudi Arabia
Anna 1 Astro ‘65- Cocos Isl.
ARC 1950- Botswana,
Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland,
Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
ARC 1960- Kenya, Tanzania
Ascension Island ‘58Ascension Island
Astro B4 Sorol Atoll- Tern
Island
Astro Beacon “E”- Iwo Jima
Astro Dos 71/4- St. Helena
Astronomic Stn ‘52- Marcus
Island
Australian Geod ‘66Australia, Tasmania Island
Australian Geod ‘84Australia, Tasmania Island
Austria
Efate and Erromango Islands
Bermuda 1957- Bermuda
Islands
Bogata Obsrvatry- Colombia
Campo Inchauspe- Argentina
Canton Astro 1966- Phoenix
Islands
Cape- South Africa
Cape Canaveral- Florida,
Bahama Islands
Carthage- Tunisia
CH 1903- Switzerland
Chatham 1971- Chatham
Island (New Zealand)
Chua Astro- Paraguay
Corrego Alegre- Brazil
Djakarta (Batavia)- Sumatra
Island (Indonesia)
Dos 1968- Gizo Island
Easter Isld 67
European 1950
European 1979
Finland Hayfrd
Gandajika Base
Geod Datm ‘49
Guam 1963
Gux 1 Astro
Hjorsey 1955
Hong Kong ‘63
Hu-Tzu-Shan
Indian Bngldsh
Indian Thailand
Indonesia ‘74
Ireland 1965
ISTS 073 Astro
Johnston Island
Kerguelen Islnd
Kertau 1948
L. C. 5 Astro
Liberia 1964
Luzon Mindanao
Luzon Philippine
(New Georgia Islands)
Easter Island 1967
European 1950- Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Gibraltar,
Greece, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
European 1979- Austria,
Finland, Netherlands,
Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
Finland Hayford- Finland
Gandajika Base- Republic of
Maldives
Geodetic Datum ‘49New Zealand
Guam 1963- Guam Island
Gux 1 Astro- Guadalcanal
Island
Hjorsey 1955- Iceland
Hong Kong ‘63- Hong Kong
Taiwan
Indian- Bangladesh, India,
Nepal
Indian- Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia 1974- Indonesia
Ireland 1965- Ireland
ISTS 073 ASTRO ‘69Diego Garcia
Johnston Island Kandawala
Kandawala- Sri Lanka
Kerguelen Island, Kandawala,
Sri Lanka
Kertau 1948- West Malaysia,
Singapore
Cayman Brac Island
Liberia 1964- Liberia
Luzon- Mindanao Island
Luzon- Philippines
(excluding Mindanao Island)
126/128 Manual (new)
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Mahe 1971- Mahe Island
Marco Astro- Salvage Island
Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia)
Merchich- Morocco
Midway Astro ‘61- Midway
Minna- Nigeria
North American 1927- Alaska
North American 1927Bahamas (excluding San
Salvador Island)
NAD27 Canada
North American 1927Canada and Newfoundland
NAD27 Canal Zone North Am. 1927- Canal Zone
NAD27 Caribbn
North American 1927Caribbean (Barbados, Caicos
Islands, Cuba, Dom. Rep.,
Grand Cayman, Jamaica,
Leeward and Turks Islands)
NAD27 Central
North American 1927Central America (Belize, Costa
Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,
Honduras, Nicaragua)
NAD27 CONUS
North Am. 1927- Mean Value
NAD27 Cuba
North American 1927- Cuba
NAD27 Grnland
North American 1927Greenland (Hayes Peninsula)
NAD27 Mexico
N. American 1927- Mexico
NAD27 San Sal
North American 1927- San
Salvador Island
NAD83
North American 1983- Alaska,
Canada, Central America,
CONUS, Mexico
Nhrwn Masirah
Nahrwn- Masirah Island
(Oman)
Nhrwn Saudi A
Nahrwn- Saudi Arabia
Nhrwn United A
Nahrwn- United Arab
Emirates
Naparima BWI
Naparima BWI- Trinidad and
Tobago
Obsrvtorio ‘66
Observatorio 1966- Corvo
and Flores Islands (Azores)
Old Egyptian
Old Egyptian- Egypt
Old Hawaiian
Old Hawaiian- Mean Value
Oman
Oman- Oman
Ord Srvy GB
Old Survey Grt BritnEngland, Isle of Man,
Scotland, Shetland Isl., Wales
Pico De Las Nv
Canary Islands
Potsdam
Potsdam-Germany
Ptcairn Ast ‘67
Pitcairn Astro ‘67- Pitcairn Is
Page 63
APPENDIX E
Mahe 1971
Marco Astro
Massawa
Merchich
Midway Ast ‘61
Minna
NAD27 Alaska
NAD27 Bahamas
Map Datums
Prov S Am ‘56
Prov S Chln ‘63
Puerto Rico
Qatar National
Qornoq
Reunion
Rome 1940
RT 90
Santo (Dos)
Sao Braz
Sapper Hill ‘43
Schwarzeck
Sth Amrcn ‘69
South Asia
SE Base
SW Base
Timbalai 1948
Tokyo
Tristan Ast ‘68
Viti Levu 1916
Wake-Eniwetok
WGS 72
WGS 84
Zanderij
Prov So Amricn ‘56- Bolivia,
Chile,Colombia, Ecuador,
Guyana, Peru, Venezuela
Prov So Chilean ‘63- S. Chile
Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands
Qatar National- Qatar
Qornoq- South Greenland
Reunion- Mascarene Island
Rome 1940- Sardinia Island
Sweden
Santo (Dos)- Espirito Santo
Island
Sao Braz- Sao Miguel, Santa
Maria Islands (Azores)
Sapper Hill 1943- East
Falkland Island
Schwarzeck- Namibia
South American ‘69Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil,
Chile, Colombia, Ecuador,
Guyana, Paraguay, Peru,
Venezuela, Trinidad and
Tobago
South Asia- Singapore
Southeast Base- Porto Santo
and Madiera Islands
Southwest Base- Faial,
Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge and
Terceira Islands (Azores)
Timbalai 1948- Brunei and E.
Malaysia (Sarawak and Sabah)
Tokyo- Japan, Korea, Okinawa
Tristan Astro 1968- Tristan da
Cunha
Viti Levu 1916- Viti Levu/ Fiji
Islands
Wake-Eniwetok- Marshall Isl.
World Geodetic System 1972
World Geodetic System 1984
Zanderij- Surinam
63
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Page 64
APPENDIX F
Index
A
Activating a Route . . . . . .30
Active Route Page . . . . . .31
Altitude (ALT) . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Antenna Installation . . . . .57
AutoLocate™ Mode . . . . .52
Average Speed (AVSPD) . .17
E
Backlighting . . . . . . . . . . 15, 47
Beacon Receiver Setup 44, 45
Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . .2, 4
EPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
EZinit . . . . . . . . . . . .16, 52
Editing Routes . . . . . . . . .32
Elapsed Time (ELPSD) . . .17
Emergency Erase . . . . . . .16
Est. Time Enroute (ETE) .34
Est. Time of Arrival (ETA) 34
European Community Spec58
C
G
B
CDI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Cancelling a GOTO . . . . .25
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Clearing Routes . . . . . . . .30
Clearing the Track Log 13, 42
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Compass Page 12, 33, 34, 36
Configuring the Map Page 40
Contrast . . . . . . . . . .13, 47
Copying Routes . . . . . . . .31
Course deviation indicator 35
Course to Steer (CTS) . . .34
Creating Routes . . . . . . . .30
Crosstrack Error (XTK) . .34
D
DGPS Interface . . . . . . . .45
Date and Time . . . . . . . . .46
64
Deleting Waypoints . . . . .24
Distance/Sun Calculations 43
GOTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Getting Started Tour . . . . .11
Going To a Waypoint . . . . . . . .11
Graphic steering . . . . . . .33
H
Highway Page . . . .11, 33, 34, 35
Heading . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
I
I/O format . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Initializing . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Interface Setup . . . . . . . . .44
Inverting a Route . . . . . . .30
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Page 65
APPENDIX F
Index
M
Magnetic Heading . . . . . .49
Man Overboard . . . . . . . .25
Map Cursor . . . . . . . . . . .37
Map Datums . . . . . . .48, 62
Map Orientation . . . .40, 41
Map Page . . . . . . . . . 10, 37
Map Setup . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Marking a Position . . . .8, 18
Maximum Speed (MXSPD) 17
Menu Page . . . . . . . . . .7, 43
Memory Erase . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Messages . . . . . . . . . . 60, 61
N
NMEA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Navigating Routes . . . . . .28
Navigation Basics . . . . . . . .4
Navigation Pages . . . . .7, 33
Navigation Setup . . . . . . .47
Nearest Waypoints . . . . . .20
R
Receiver Status . . . . . . . . .15
Reference Waypoints . . . .22
Renaming Waypoints . . . .24
Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Route Definition Page . . . .29
Route Navigation . . . . . . .28
S
Satellite Page . . . . . . . .6, 14
Scanning Waypoints . . . . .24
Screen Backlighting . .15, 47
Screen Contrast . . . . .13, 47
Signal Strength Bars . . . . .14
Simulator . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Sky View . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Specifications . . . . . . . . . .58
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . .23, 39
System Setup . . . . . . . . . .46
T
O
On-Route GOTO . . . . . . .32
Operating modes . . . . . . .46
P
Panning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Position Accuracy . . . . . .50
Position Averaging . . . . . .19
Position Formats . . . . . . .47
Position Page . . . . . . . .6, 16
Primary Pages . . . . . . . . . .6
Proximity Waypoints . . . .21
Time Format . . . . . . . . . .46
Time Offset . . . . . . . . . . .46
TracBack Navigation . . . . .26
TracBack Tips . . . . . . .26, 27
Track Log Display . . . . . .42
Track Method . . . . . . . . .42
Track Setup Page . . . . . . .40
Trip Timer (TTIME) . . . . .17
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . .53
Turn (TRN) . . . . . . . . . . .34
Trip odometer . . . . . . . . .17
65
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APPENDIX f
Index
U
Units of Measure . . . . . . .48
User-defined route . . . . . .30
User Grid . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Using the Keypad . . . . . . .5
Using the Position Page . . .9
V
Velocity Made Good (VMG) 3
W
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Waypoint Comments . . . .23
Waypoint Definition . . . . .22
Waypoint List . . . . . . . . . 20
Waypoint Pages . . . . . . . .19
Waypoint Symbols . . 23, 39
Web Site Address . . . . . . . .i
Z
Zooming . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
66
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Page 67
LIMITED WARRANTY
GARMIN International warrants this product to be free from
defects in materials and workmanship for one year from the date of
purchase. GARMIN will at its sole option, repair or replace any components which fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will
be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor. The customer is, however, responsible for any transportation costs. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs. GARMIN assumes no responsibility for
special, incidental, punitive or consequential damages, or loss of use.
The warranties and remedies contained herein are exclusive and
in lieu of all other warranties expressed or implied, including any liability arising under warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, statutory or otherwise. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, which may vary from state to state.
To obtain warranty service, call the GARMIN Customer Service
department (913-397-8200) for a returned merchandise tracking
number. The unit should be securely packaged with the tracking
number clearly marked on the outside of the package, and sent
freight prepaid and insured to a GARMIN warranty service station. A
copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase
for warranty repairs. GARMIN retains the exclusive right to repair or
replace the unit or software at its sole discretion.
67
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NOTES
Page 68
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Page 69
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Page 70
®
© 1997 GARMIN International
1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS USA 66062
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd. - Unit 5, The Quadrangle,
Abbey Park, Romsey, UK SO51 9AQ
GARMIN (Asia) Corp., 4th Fl., No. 1, Lane 45,
Pao-Hsing Road, Hsin Tein, Taiwan R.O.C.
Part Number 190-00151-00 Rev. A Printed in Taiwan