Canon A3100ISRED Film Camera User Manual

Version 6.0, January 2007
701P46740
Xerox FreeFlow® Print Server
Security Guide
Prepared by:
Xerox Corporation
Global Knowledge and Language Services
800 Philips Road Bldg. 845-17S
Webster, New York 14580
USA
©2007 by Xerox Corporation. All rights reserved.
Copyright protection claimed includes all forms and matters of copyrightable material and information
now allowed by statutory judicial law or hereinafter granted, including without limitation, material generated
from the software programs displayed on the screen such as icons, screen displays, or looks.
Printed in the United States of America.
XEROX® and all Xerox product names mentioned in this publication are trademarks of XEROX CORPORATION.
Other company trademarks are also acknowledged.
Changes are periodically made to this document. Changes, technical inaccuracies, and typographic errors will be corrected in
subsequent editions.
Table of contents
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
About this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Customer support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
System supplied security profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Enable and disable services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
User level changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Solaris file permissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Disabling secure name service databases . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Multicast routing disabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
OS and host information hidden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Sendmail daemon secured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Network parameters secured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Executable stacks disabled. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
NFS port monitor restricted. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Remote CDE login disabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server router capabilities disabled . 2-12
Security warning banners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Disabling LP anonymous printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Remote shell internet service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
enable-ftp and disable-ftp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Creating user-defined profiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Setting the current and default profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Account management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Local users and groups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Default user groups and user accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Creating user accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Group authorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Auto-Logon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Default Screen/Auto-Logoff (Nuvera Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Password security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Strong Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
X er o x F r ee F l o w P r in t S e r v er S ec u r i ty G u id e
i
Tab l e of c o n te nts
Audit Logs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
GUI Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
User Activity on the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Date/Time User Login/Logout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Changing individual passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Accessing the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server through ADS . . . 2-22
Limiting access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
IP Filtering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Remote Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Secure Socket Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Using the Print Server SSL/TLS Security Feature . . . . . . 2-24
Creating and Using a Self-Signed Certificate . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Using an Existing Signed Certificate from a Certificate Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Digital Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Network Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Secure Print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
MICR mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Prevent Unauthorized Queue Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Queue Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Roles and responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Xerox responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Customer Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Security tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Virus Scan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Online Help for security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
X er o x F r ee F l o w P r in t S e r v er S ec u r i ty G u id e
ii
Introduction
The Security Guide provides the information needed to perform
system administration tasks for maintaining the Xerox FreeFlow®
Print Server.
About this guide
This guide is intended for network and system administrators
responsible for setting up and maintaining Xerox printers with
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server software. System administrators
should have an understanding of the Sun workstation, a familiarity
with Solaris, and with basic UNIX commands. This includes the
use of text editors such as vi or textedit and the ability to
maneuver within the Solaris environment. To enable them to
setup a customer site, system administrators are expected to have
a working knowledge of Local Area Networks (LANs),
communication protocols, and the applicable client platforms.
Contents
In general, this document covers information about the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server that is not covered in the Online Help or
other available guides.
Conventions
This guide includes the following conventions:
•
Angle brackets - Variable information that is displayed on your
screen is enclosed within angle brackets; for example, “Unable to
copy <filename>.”
•
Square brackets - Names of options you select are shown in square
brackets; for example, [OK] and [Cancel].
•
Notes are hints that help you perform a task or understand the text.
Notes are found in the following format:
NOTE: This is an example of a note.
Security Guide
1
Customer support
To place a customer service call, dial the direct TTY number for
assistance. The number is 1-800-735-2988.
For additional assistance, dial the following numbers:
•
•
2
Service and software support: 1-800-821-2797
Xerox documentation and software services: 1-800-327-9753
Security Guide
Security
This section describes the Xerox FreeFlow® Print Server systemsupplied security profiles. It outlines the characteristics of each
profile and indicates how each can be customized to create userdefined profiles. The enhanced security features in the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server protect the system against unauthorized
access and modification.
This section also addresses the options available to the
administrator in setting up and managing user accounts.
Finally this section offers general guidelines to security-related
procedures that can be implemented to improve the security of the
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server controller and the Solaris OS.
System supplied security profiles
The four system-supplied profiles are: default operating system
only, low, medium, and high. The following table describes the
characteristics of each security level and the configurable settings
that restrict access to various devices and operating system
services.
NOTE: Customers have the option to setup and use custom
profiles. Custom profiles are copied from one of the systemsupplied profiles and provides the ability to enable/disable any of
the default settings. Multiple custom profiles can be saved on the
system.
Table 2-1 Security Profiles
Profile
Characteristics
User
Default
Operati
ng
System
Only
All ports are open.
Walkup users can reprint
anything.
Full workspace menu is
available.
Auto logon is enabled.
Physically
closed
environments.
Security Guide
Compatibility
Comments
Close to
DocuSP 2.1
and 3.1.
Anonymous FTP is
read-only and
restricted.
Similar to
DocuSP 3.X
“Medium”.
The Solaris
desktop is removed
from all settings
except none.
3
Profile
Characteristics
User
FTP is enabled.
Telnet, rsh is disabled.
NFS client is enabled.
AutoFS is enabled.
Walkup users can reprint
from “Saved Jobs” and
CD-ROM.
Terminal window is
password protected.
Auto-login is enabled.
First choice
setting for
most
environments.
Medium
FTP is disabled.
telnet, rsh is disabled.
NFS client is disabled.
AutoFS is disabled, e.g.; /
net/<hostname>and
home/<username> are
not automatically
mounted).
NFS server is filtered via
RPC tab.
Walkup user can reprint
from CD_ROM.
Terminal window is
password protected.
Auto-login is enabled.
High
FTP is disabled.
telnet, rsh is disabled.
NFS client is disabled.
AutoFS is disabled, e.g.; /
net/<hostname>and
home/<username> are
not automatically
mounted.
NFS server is disabled on
customer network.
Walkup users cannot
reprint anything.
Terminal window is
password protected.
Auto login is disabled
(login is always required
from GUI).
Low
Custom
Compatibility
Comments
Similar to
DocuSP 3.x
“High”.
Anonymous FTP is
ready-only and
restricted.
Supports
FreeFlow®
workflow.
To enable telnet, go
to [Setup], [FTP/
Remote
Diagnostics].
Environments
requiring high
security but
with a need to
integrate
FreeFlow/
Digipath.
Supports
FreeFlow
workflow and
legacy
DigiPath
workflow.
Anonymous FTP is
ready-only and
restricted.
To enable telnet, go
to [Setup], [FTP/
Remote
Diagnostics].
For
government
market.
Does not
support legacy
DigiPath
workflow.
Supports
FreeFlow
workflow.
File FTP is
disabled.
File transfer can be
done via Secure
FTP.
For CFA support,
that is FTP upload
of outload, go to
[Setup], [FTP/
Remote
Diagnostics] menu,
select enable FTP.
Any profile can be edited
to adjust to user needs
NOTE: Regardless of the security profile, anonymous FTP is
Read-only with restricted access to /export/home/ftphome only.
4
Security Guide
Enable and disable services
The following tables provide a list of the services that can be
enabled and disabled from the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
“Setup > Security Profiles” menu options.
NOTE: Services list may vary, depending on the product.
Table 2-2 “System” tab
System Service
Allow_host.equiv_plus
Description
Background: The /etc/hosts.equiv and /.rhosts files provide the remote
authentication database for rlogin, rsh, rcp, and rexec. The files
specify remote hosts and users that are considered to be trusted.
Trusted users are allowed to access the local system without
supplying a password. These files can be removed or modified to
enhance security. The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server is provided with
both of these files deleted entirely. The setting All_host.equiv_plus is
set to disabled, then anytime that security settings are applied, the +
will be removed from host.equiv. IMPORTANT NOTE: Removing the +
from the hosts.equiv file will prevent the use of the Xerox command
line client print from remote clients. An alternative would be to remove
the + and add the name of each trusted host that requires this
functionality. Leaving the + will allow a user from any remote host to
access the system with the same username
Anonymous FTP
BSM
Enable or disable the Basic Security Module (BSM) on Solaris
Executable Stacks
Some security exploits take advantage of the Solaris OE kernel
executable system stack to attack the system. Some of these exploits
can be avoided by making the system stack non-executable. The
following lines are added to /etc/system/fP file:set
noexec_user_stack=1set noexec_user_stack_log=1
Hide Info Banners
Multicast Routing
Remote CDE Logins
Deny all remote access (direct/broadcast) to the X server running on
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server by installing an appropriate /etc/dt/
config/Xaccess file.
Restrict DFS tab
Restrict NFS Portmon
Router
Disable router mode by creating an empty the empty file: /etc/
notrouter.
Secure File
Permissions
Security Guide
5
System Service
Description
Secure Network
Settings
Secure Sendmail
Force sendmail to only handle outgoing mail. No incoming mail will be
handled by sendmail.
Security Warning
Banners
Enable security warning banners to be displayed when a user logins
or telnets into the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server. The warning message
explains that only authorized users should be using the system and
that any others face the possibility of being monitored by law
enforcement officials.
Table 2-3 “INIT” tab RC2 section
RC2 Service
Description
S40LLC2
Class II logical link control driver
S47ASPPP
Asynchronous PPP link manager. This service is re-enabled via
enable-remote-diagnostics command.
S70UUCP
UUCP server
S71LDAP.CLIENT
LDAP daemon to cache server and client information for NIS lookups.
S72AUTOINSTALL
Script executed during stub JumpStart or AUTOINSTALL JumpStart
S72SLPD
Service Location Protocol daemon
S73cachefs.daemon
Starts cachefs file systems
S73NFS.CLIENT
NFS client service. Disables the statd service which is only required if
your system is an NFS server or a client.
S74XNTPD
S74AUTOFS
The automountd service is only required if your system uses NFS to
automatically mount file systems. Stopping the autofs subsystem will
kill the running automountd daemon and unmount any autofs file
systems currently mounted.
S80SPC
SunSoft Print Client daemon
S88SENDMAIL
The sendmail daemon is used to send mail over the internet. If
sendmail is not required, it can be disabled.
S89bdconfig
Solaris serial device.
S90WBEM
CIM Boot Manager. Disables WBEM clients from accessing the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server.
S93cacheos.finish
Starts cachefs file systems.
S94ncalogd
S95ncad
6
Solaris network cache and accelerator.
Security Guide
RC2 Service
Description
slp
uucp
Table 2-4 “INIT” tab RC3 section
RC3 Service
Description
S15NFS.SERVER
NFS Server. Disable ability to export Xerox FreeFlow Print Server file
systems. This service is enabled if legacy DigiPath/FreeFlow® and
Decomposition Services (NetAgent) are enabled.
S17HCLNFS.DAEMON
S25openssh.server
OpenSSH server.
S17BWNFS.DAEMON
Secure mounted file systems. There are two shared file systems that
are exported by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server. The two directories
are only required for anyone with XDOD version 3.0 or below. With the
release of DigiPath Version 1.0, it is not necessary to export these file
systems.
S76SNMPDX
Sun Solstice Enterprise Master Agent. Solaris SNMP services are
disabled. This does not prevent Xerox FreeFlow Print Server SNMP
services from operating.
S77DMI
Sun Solstice Enterprise DMI Service Provider
S80MIPAGENT
Mobile IP agent
S82initsma
S92VOLMGT
Solaris volume management daemon.
Table 2-5 “INETD” tab
INETD Service
Description
amiserv
RPC Smart Card
Interface
Not used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
cachefs
Cached File System
server
Not used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
chargen
Character Generator
Protocol server
Sends revolving pattern of ASCII characters.
Sometimes used in packet debugging and can
be used for denial of service attacks. Not used
by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
comsat
Biff server
comsat is the server process which listens for
reports of incoming mail and notifies users who
have requested to be told when mail arrives. Not
used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
Security Guide
7
INETD Service
8
Description
daytime
Daytime Protocol
server
Displays the date and time. Used primarily for
testing. Not used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server.
discard
Discard Protocol server
Discards everything sent to it.Used primarily for
testing. Not used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server.
dtspc
CDE sub-process
Control Service
CDE sub-process Control Service (dtspcd) is a
network daemon that accepts requests from
clients to execute commands and launch
applications remotely. Not used by the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server.
echo
Echo Protocol server
Echoes back any character sent to it. Sometimes
used in packet debugging and can be used for
denial of service attacks. Not used by the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server.
exec
Remote execution
server
Used by rexec(1) command. Potentially
dangerous— passwords and subsequent
session is clear text (not encrypted). Not used by
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
finger
Remote user
information server
Display information about local and remote
users. Gives away user information. Not used by
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
fs
X font server
Used by CDE to dynamically render fonts. The
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server uses bit-map fonts.
ktkt_warnd
Kerberos warning
daemon
ktkt_warnd is a daemon on Kerberos clients that
can warn users when their Kerberos tickets are
about to expire. It is invoked by inetd when a
ticket-granting ticket (TGT) is obtained for the
first time, such as after using the kinit command.
ftp
File transfer protocol
server
This can be used to enable/disable the ftp
server. This does not affect using the ftp client
from the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server to another
host running an FTP server. Note that
FreeFlow® requires this service to be enabled.
gssd
RPC program
authentication
Generates and validates GSS-API tokens for
kernel RPC.
kcms_server
KCMS library service
daemon
Allows the KCMS library to access profiles on
remote machines. Not used by the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server.
login
Remote login server
Used by the rlogin(1) command. Potentially
dangerous— uses ~/.rhosts file for
authentication; passwords and subsequent
session is clear text (not encrypted).
Security Guide
INETD Service
Description
name
DARPA trivial name
server
in.tnamed is a server that supports the DARPA
Name Server Protoco. Seldom used anymore.
Not used by Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
ocfserv
OCF server
The OCF server, ocfserv, is a per-host daemon
that acts as the central point of communications
with all smartcards connected to the host.
Applications that need to use a smartcard can do
so by using the APIs in libsmartcard.so or
smartcard.jar. The internal implementation of
these APIs communicates with ocfserv to
perform the requested function. inetd(1M)
automatically starts the ocfserv command when
it is needed. Once started, ocfserv runs forever.
If ocfserv is killed or crashes, it restarts
automatically, there is not a reason to run it
manually. Must have root privileges to execute
this utility.
rpc.cmsd
Calendar manager
service daemon
rpc.cmsd is a small database manager for
appointment and resource-scheduling data. Its
primary client is Calendar Manager. Not used by
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
rpc.rusersd
network username
server
Gives intruder information about accounts. Not
used by Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
rpc.rwalld
Network rwall server
Server that handles rwall(1M) command
requests. Can be used for spoofing attacks. Not
used by Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
rpc.sprayd
Spray server
Records the packets sent by the spray(1M)
command. Can be used in denial of service
attacks. Not used by Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server.
rcp.ttdbserverd
RPC-based ToolTalk
database server
The RPC-based tooltalk database server is
required for CDE action commands. In particular,
the CDE front panel has various menu items that
rely on CDE actions. Late in the CP3.1 release,
the Server UI team disabled the front panel. With
the panel disabled, the need for the tooltalk
database server no longer exists
rpc.rstatd
rstatd-kernel statistics
server
rpc.rstatd is a server which returns performance
statistics obtained from the kernel. rup(1) uses
rpc.rstatd to collect the uptime information that it
displays. rpc.rstatd is an RPC service.
rquotad
Remote quota server
Used by the quota (1M) command to display
user quotas for remote file systems. Not used by
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
Security Guide
9
INETD Service
Description
sadmind
Distributed system
administration daemon
Used by Solstice AdminSuite applications to
perform distributed system administration. Not
used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
shell
Remote execution
server
Used by rsh(1) and rcp(1) commands. The
Xerox print command line client relies on the
remote shell internet service being enabled
since it uses the rcp(1) command to transfer files
onto the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server. However,
this service represents a security risk. Not used
by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
Sun-dr (DCS)
Domain configuration
server
The Domain Configuration Server (DCS) is a
daemon process that runs on Sun servers that
support remote Dynamic Reconfiguration (DR)
clients. It is started by the Service Management
Facility when the first DR request is received
from a client connecting to the network service
sun-dr.
talk
Server for talk program
The talk utility is a two-way, screen oriented
communication program. Not used by the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server.
telnet
TELNET protocol
server
This can be used to enable/disable the telnet
server. This does not affect using the telnet client
from the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server to another
host running on TELNET server.
time
Time Protocol server
Outdated time service. Seldom used anymore.
Not used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
uucp
UUCP server
UNIX to UNIX system copy over networks.
UUCP is not securely set up and can be
exploited in many ways. Not used by the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server.
User level changes
The following user-level changes are made:
10
•
all users for at, cron, and batch are disallowed
•
nuucp account is disabled
•
listen account is disabled
•
password entry locked for bin, sys, adm, uucp, nobody,
noaccess, nobody4, and anonymous
Security Guide
Solaris file permissions
Secure File Permission options can be enabled or disabled
through the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server interface. Fix-modes
include:
•
fixmodes-xerox: fix file permissions for all packages to
make them more secure. Available under the System tab
under the “Secure File Permissions” drop-down menu.
•
fixmodes-solaris: fix file permissions only for Solaris
packages to make them more secure. Available under the
System tab under the “Secure File Permissions” dropdown menu.
The fix-modes utility (from the Solaris Security Toolkit) adjusts
group and world write permissions. It is run with the '-s' option to
secure file permissions for Solaris files that were created at install
time only. Customer-generated files are not affected.
NOTE: When this command is run, a file called /var/sadm/install/
content.mods is left. Do not delete this file. It contains valuable
information needed by fix modes to revert the changes to the
system file permissions if the security setting is changed back to
medium.
Disabling secure name service databases
The following databases are disabled when security is invoked:
•
passwd(4)
•
group(4)
•
exec_attr(4)
•
prof_attr(4)
•
ser_attr(4)
Multicast routing disabled
Multicast is used to send data to many systems at the same time
while using one address.
OS and host information hidden
The ftp, telnet and sendmail banners are set to null so that users
in cannot see the hostname and OS level.
Security Guide
11
NOTE: All of these services are prohibited with a 'high' security
setting, but if they are re-enabled manually the hostname
information will remain hidden.
Sendmail daemon secured
Sendmail is forced to perform only outgoing mail. No incoming
mail will be accepted.
Network parameters secured
Sun's nddconfig security tool is run. For additional information,
view Sun's document, Solaris Operating Environment Network
Settings for Security, at
http://www.sun.com/solutions/ blueprints/1200/network-updt1.pdf.
Executable stacks disabled
The system stack is made non-executable. This is done so
security exploitation programs cannot take advantage of the
Solaris OE kernel executable system stack and thereby attack the
system.
NFS port monitor restricted
The NFS server normally accepts requests from any port number.
The NFS Server is altered to process only those requests from
privileged ports. Note that with the high security setting, NFS is
disabled; however if the service is re-enabled manually, the port
restriction will still apply.
Remote CDE login disabled
The Remote CDE login is disabled.
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server router capabilities disabled
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server router capabilities is disabled
(empty/etc/notrouter file created).
12
Security Guide
Security warning banners
Security warning banners are displayed when a user logs in or
telnets into the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server. This message
explains that only authorized users should be using the system
and that any others face the possibility of being monitored by law
enforcement officials.
NOTE: DRW (Xerox FreeFlow Print Server Remote Workflow) is
not impacted by security settings.
Disabling LP anonymous printing
You can choose to disable anonymous printing on all existing LP
printer queues that are associated with the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server virtual printers. When anonymous LP is disabled, only
systems that have their IP address in the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server controller /etc/hosts table are authorized to submit LP
requests. Answer “y” for yes to disable this printing option.
Remote shell internet service
If you are using the legacy Xerox print command line client (the
software is not distributed with this release), you will need to use
the remote shell internet service to transfer files to the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server controller. However, if you are not using the
Xerox print command line client, it is strongly recommended that
the remote shell internet service is disabled. When these three
questions are answered, all remaining aspects of the "High"
security setting are implemented.
enable-ftp and disable-ftp
These options allow for temporary enabling and disabling FTP
alone. Will not persist through reboots. You must have FTP
enabled when using a Continuous Feed system, or FreeFlow®
Production Print and NetAgent.
FTP is also required for the Call for Assistance (CFA) feature. This
uses FTP to push IOT logs and a Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
outload back to the Print Server controller.
NOTE: Temporarily enable FTP through the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server Setup > FTP/Remote Diagnostics menu option.
Security Guide
13
Creating user-defined profiles
To create a customized profile, the administrator can copy and edit
any security profile according to the needs of the customer
environment. This new user profile can be selected, edited, set as
current, set as default, or deleted.
Setting the current and default profiles
The administrator can select any profile and set it as the Current
Profile. This Current Profile persists throughout Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server restarts and system reboot until it is changed by the
administrator. Similarly, the administrator can specify a security
profile as a Default Profile.
Specifying a profile as default does not enable the profile, but
indicates that it will be the profile setting across Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server upgrades. By clicking the Restore Default Profile, the
Default profile can be selected as the Current profile (this
operation will take several minutes to complete).
Account management
Any interaction between a user and the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server is associated with a user account and is done via a logon
session, which is the basis for granting access.
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server user accounts are defined either
locally at the device or remotely at a trusted network location like
ADS. The local user account is composed of a logon user name
and an assigned user group. A user account can be a member of
only one user group. It is the user group that is associated with a
security profile that defines the privileges of the group.
Default user accounts are provided to allow easy transition from
legacy Xerox FreeFlow Print Server versions. For customers that
do not require authentication, the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server can
be configured to have the system automatically log on using a
default user account.
Local users and groups
Local user accounts are constructed based on the Solaris
operating system model, with its limitations and restrictions, using
the [Users & Groups] selection on the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server interface.
•
14
Each local user account has an associated user name
Security Guide
between 2-8 characters in length and is case sensitive.
•
The user name is a string of characters from the set of
alphabetic characters (a-z, A-Z), numeric characters (0-9),
period (.), underscore (_), and hyphen (-); the first character
must be alphabetic and the string must contain at least one
lower case alphabetic character.
•
Each account has the following attributes: user name,
password, user group, account disabled/enabled, and
comments.
•
The maximum number of user accounts is 25,000.
•
Each local user account has an associated user password that
is a sequence of characters that is case sensitive and between
0 - 8 characters in length.
•
User accounts are organized into groups. Each user account
is a member of only one group.
Default user groups and user accounts
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server provides three default user
groups: Users, Operators, and System Administrators. It also
supplies four default user accounts: User, Operator, SA and
CSE. User and Operator accounts correspond to User and
Operator User Groups while SA and CSE both correspond to the
System Administrators group.
Figure 1: Assignment to Groups
User Accounts
Users
Operators
System Administrator
User Groups
Users
Operators
System Administrators
CSEs
The User, Operator and SA user accounts cannot be edited,
deleted, disabled, or removed from the assigned group. The CSE
account can be removed from the System Administrator group
and assigned to another group or disabled.
NOTE: It is the group that a user is associated with that defines
the privileges of the user, not the current security profile.
Security Guide
15
Creating user accounts
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server user interface enables the
Administrator to manage accounts easily by selecting [Setup],
[Users & Groups], and the [Users] tab.
When the administrator selects the Users tab, a pop-up window
appears that enables the administrator to create, edit, or delete an
account and indicate whether the account should be enabled or
disabled.
Group authorization
Job Management and Customer Diagnostics are two functions of
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server that the administrator may
choose to restrict. From the Setup > Users & Groups menu option,
select the “Group Authorizations” tab in the interface. The
administrator can choose to enable or disable the service for a
particular user group.
NOTE: The following table describes the functions allowed for the
three built-in groups. The column labeled as Changeable via
Graphical User Interface (GUI) implies that the function/service
can be enabled/disabled from the Users & Groups / Group
Authorization tab.
Table 2-6 Enable/disable from the “Group Authorizations” tab
Function
16
Users
Operators
Administrat
ors (sa and
cse)
Changeable
via GUI
Job
Management
(release, hold,
proof, promote,
move, delete,
… etc)
-
Enabled
Enabled
Yes
Queue
Management
(New, Delete,
Properties)
-
Enabled
Enabled
No
Queue Job
Operations(Acc
ept Jobs,
Release Jobs,
…etc)
-
Enabled
Enabled
No
Comment
Security Guide
Function
Users
Operators
Administrat
ors (sa and
cse)
Changeable
via GUI
Reprint
Management
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
No
Printer
Manager(Finish
ing, Image
Quality …etc)
-
-
Enabled
No
Resource
Management(L
CDS
Resources,
PDL Fonts,
Forms, ….etc)
-
Enabled
Enabled
No
Accounting,
Billing
-
Enabled
Enabled
No
System
Preferences
-
Can set
Internatio
nal, Job
Processin
g, Stocks
& Trays
Enabled
No
Setup (System
configuration,
Gateways)
-
View &
Print only
Enabled
No
Setup (Feature
licenses,
Network
configuration)
-
-
Enabled
No
Security Guide
Comment
The ”Limit Print
Service Paths” in
Security Profile
controls the
directories that users
can reprint. The
defaults are:
DEFAULT- Operating
System Only, Saved
Jobs, and CD-ROM
(Removal Media).
LOW - Saved Jobs
and CD-ROM
(Removable Media).
MED - CD-ROM
(Removable Media).
HIGH - Nothing.
CUSTOM - User
Defined.
17
Function
Users
Operators
Administrat
ors (sa and
cse)
Changeable
via GUI
Setup (Security
profile, SSL/
TLS, IP Filter)
-
-
Enabled
No
Setup (Users &
Groups)
-
-
Enabled
No
Change
password
Self
Self
Enabled
No
Service
Diagnostics
-
-
Enabled
No
Customer
Diagnostics
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Yes
Backup /
Restore
-
Enabled
Enabled
No
Comment
Auto-Logon
The Automatic Logon feature enables or disables the ability of
users to directly access the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server, including
Web UI (HTTP) access to the Print Server, without having to
manually log on. It is “enabled” in the ‘Default Operating System
Only’, ‘Low’, and Medium security profiles, and “disabled” in the
High security profile. The feature can be configured by any
member of the System Administrators group. To configure the
Automatic Logon feature, a custom profile must be created under
Security Profiles by copying one of the default security profiles. An
administrator must then set the new profile as current and enable
the Automatic Logon feature by selecting the checkbox under the
General tab. When Automatic Logon is enabled, a user account
must be specified. The default is set to automatically log on as
“user”. When Automatic Logon is disabled, the Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server will not launch completely until users log on via a
logon window. This window will appear before the Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server UI is displayed and will require users to manually log
on before accessing the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
NOTE: When the Automatic Logon feature is enabled, users are
not required to log on to gain access to the system. In this case,
the allowed access to the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server is
established by the privileges of the user account in Automatic
Logon. For example, if Automatic Logon is enabled and the user
account is Administrators, then the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
will be open and all access to the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server will
be granted.
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Security Guide
Default Screen/Auto-Logoff
Under [Setup/System Preferences/Default Screen], any member
of the operator or system administrators group can select which of
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server screens (Job or Print) the UI
should return to after a specified amount of time (1-10 minutes) of
inactivity (i.e. no movement from the keyboard or mouse). When
the time-out occurs, the user will also be changed to the user
account specified for auto-logon. If auto-logon is disabled, a user
will be forced to log in again before the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server UI is displayed.
Password security
When the system is installed, the Change System Password
dialog box appears and prompts users to establish all System
Default Accounts with new passwords. For security reasons, all
system passwords must be changed.
•
root: has super user access to the workstation. The initial
password for this account is set during installation of the
operating system and should be obtained from the Xerox
service personnel.
NOTE: For security reasons, the root account password should be
changed as soon as the Xerox service personnel have completed
the installation.
•
The Xerox user name is the account from which the Xerox
software runs. Enter the Xerox user password for this account.
Contact your Customer Service Representative if this is
unknown.
NOTE: The administrator should verify access to the Xerox
application for all levels before the service installation personnel
leave the site
•
ftp: an account to permit some clients to retrieve their software
from the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server controller using the
TCP/IP communication protocol. This account will be set to
Read-only access to the /export/home/ftp directory
NOTE: To maintain system security, it is recommended that any
restricted access login be terminated as soon as the session has
been completed.
NOTE: The user and group identifications, uid and gid, for the
Xerox accounts that are listed above cannot be arbitrarily changed
in the password and group files to new values because the
software is based on the proper access to the Xerox supplied files.
Security Guide
19
NOTE: Please be aware that Xerox Customer Support Personnel
must have access to the new root password for service and
support. It is the customer's responsibility to ensure that the root
and system administrator passwords are available for them.
Strong Passwords
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server provides additional security for
users required to adhere to strict security guidelines. It provides a
means in which a strong password policy can be enforced.
Strong Passwords can be Enabled and Disabled (default setting)
via the Password Policies window.
Strong passwords must consist of ALL of the following
•
A minimum of 8 characters in length
•
Contain at least one capital letter
•
Contain at least one number
•
Contain at least one special character {!, @, #, $, %, ^, &, *},
including open and close parentheses { ( ) }, hyphen{ - },
underscore{ _ }, and period{ . }.
NOTE: The strong password requirements cannot be modified. A
strong password cannot be set for root or any other Solaris user
accounts that are not created by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server.
NOTE: Remote Network Server: If running NIS+ name service,
strong passwords would be enforced via the NIS + server.
This policy can be set by using the -a <# of allowed attempts>
argument with rpc.nispasswdd. For example, to limit users to no
more than four attempts (the default is 3), you would type:
rpc.nispasswd -a 4.
How to Enable/Disable Strong Password
•
From the Setup menu select [Users and Groups]
•
From the Policies drop down menu select [Password]
•
Enable/Disable Strong Password from the Password Policies
window. The default setting is “Disable”.
Login Attempts Allowed
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server has provided a means to lockout
users after reaching the maximum number of consecutive
attempts. Once this is done, the user will need to apply (reset) a
security policy and reboot the system.
The number of failed attempts and enable/disable is configurable
via the Password Policy screen. When enabled, login attempts
can be set from 1-6 attempts before the user is locked out. This
20
Security Guide
function will only apply to failed login attempts via the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server UI and does not apply to the root (su) user.
How to Enable/Disable Login Attempts
•
From the Setup menu select [Users and Groups]
•
From the Policies drop down menu select [Password]
•
Enable/Disable Login Attempts from the Password Policies
window. The default setting is “Disable”.
Password Expiration
The System Administrator can set a password expiration via the
Solaris Management Control.
NOTE: SMC (Solaris Management Control) has replaced
AdminTool. AdminTool has been retired in Solaris 10.
1. Open a terminal window and login as root
2. Type: smc &
3. Go to: System Configuration -> Users -> User Accounts->
<select user> -> Password Options tab
4. Enter values in the drop down menus associated with each
password expiration parameter.
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server UI does not handle password
expiration. Thus, the Print Server will not prompt the user to enter
a new password if his/her password has expired. Instead, a
message is posted indicating unknown user name or password. It
is up to the customer to determine that the password has expired.
To do so, the customer should open a terminal window and
attempt to login as the user in question. If the password has
expired, the system will prompt for the user to enter a new
password.
Audit Logs
GUI Logging
Mouse clicks within the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server UI can be
monitored via the Log Console. These activities are associated
with the current user. This feature can only be enabled/disabled by
members of the System Administrators group.
Security Guide
21
User Activity on the System
When the High security profile is enabled, the Solaris Basic
Security Module (BSM) is activated.
Date/Time User Login/Logout
This information is kept in the authlog and syslog in the /var/log
directory. Login/Logout to the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server is
tracked as well as Network Login/Logout.
Changing individual passwords
There are two ways to change passwords: Users can change their
own passwords using the selection on the Logon menu and the
administrator can change the password by double clicking on the
user name in the User tab of [Users and Groups Management].
Accessing the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server through ADS
If the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server has been configured to join a
Windows 2000 ADS domain, users may log onto the printer using
their Microsoft Active Directory Services (ADS) user names.
To provide this option, the administrator must first configure the
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server appropriately for the DNS gateway
(see the “Gateway and Network Configuration” section of this
guide). Additionally, the administrator must access the [ADS
Groups] tab through [Users and Groups Management] and specify
or edit the mapping of the ADS groups to the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server user groups having permission to log on to the printer.
Configure Print Server to Join the ADS Domain
To enable the ADS user accounts, the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server must have DNS enabled and joined to the appropriate ADS
domain.
1. Logon to the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server as a member of the
System Administrators. From the Network Configuration
option, select the DNS tab, make sure that the Enable DNS
check box is checked. Ensure that the DNS Server list is filled
in with the IP addresses of up to three DNS servers to search
when resolving host names to IP addresses. (This is part of
the network configuration procedure).
22
Security Guide
2. Select the ADS tab, and enter in the fully qualified domain
name of the ADS domain.
3. Click “Join…” button to join the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server to
the ADS domain specified.
NOTE: If DNS is not enabled, the “Join...” button will not be
available.
Map the ADS groups to the Print Server user groups
From the Setup menu, Users & Groups option, select the ADS
Groups tab. A member of the System Administrators group can
specify, view and edit the mapping of ADS Groups to the three
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server user groups (Administrators,
Operator, Users) permitted to log on to the printer.
Log on to the system with ADS user names
From the Logon menu, select ADS for authentication, then log on
to the system with your ADS user name and password.
NOTE: For this feature to work, Administrators must ensure that
DNS is enabled, the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server is configured to
join the ADS domain, and ADS groups are mapped to the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server user groups.
Troubleshoot ADS
Refer to the online help feature when troubleshooting ADS.
Limiting access
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server provides options that allow the
administrator to block or limit access to the system.
IP Filtering
IP Filtering allows the administrator to block IP addresses and
provides access to services such as: LPR, IPP, HTTP, HTTPS,
SMB Printing, Raw TCP Printing, and FTP Connections.
The administrator can limit access through the Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server interface [Setup > IP Filtering menu option]. The filter
allows the blocking of specific IP addresses or a range of
addresses from accessing the system. Available options include:
Enable All Connections, Disable All Connections, Enable
Security Guide
23
Specified Connections. Additional subnet mask can also be
specified.
Refer to online help for detailed descriptions of IP Filtering
property tabs such as: General tab, System tab, INIT tab, INETD
tab, RPC tab.
Remote Workflow
Remote Workflow allows for a remote connection to the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server controller.
The administrator can limit access through the Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server interface [Setup > System Preferences menu option].
Remote Workflow options include: Enable All Connections,
Disable All Connections, Enable Specified Connections (by
specific IP Address).
NOTE: The default is Enable All Connections.
Secure Socket Layer
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server implements Secure Socket
Layer technology using encryption, a secure port, and a signed
digital certificate.
Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS)
are two network security protocols that encrypt and transmit data
via HTTP and IPP over the TCP/IP network. SSL is a protocol
layer placed between a reliable connection-oriented network layer
protocol and the application protocol layer.
The network client and the web server (printing system) decide
which protocol to use for data transfer and communication.
The encryption level can be either secure or normal. Normal
security in the SSL/TLS tab means that the user can access IPP
or HTTP via http or https.
Using the Print Server SSL/TLS Security Feature
The Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security
(TLS) are two protocols used to provide a reliable end-to-end
secure and authenticated connection between two points over a
network. The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server SSL/TLS feature
allows a System Administrator to do the following:
1. Create and use a self-signed SSL/TLS certificate
24
Security Guide
2. Use an existing certificate obtained from a certificate authority
(i.e. VeriSign, Thawte, etc.)
When SSL is disabled
When SSL is disabled (off), other web-based logins provided by
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server may not be secure (encrypted).
To guarantee a secure connection with Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server, do one of the following:
•
Enable SSL optionally via the GUI and connect to the Xerox
FreeFlow Print Server via https://
•
Require SSL as mandatory via the GUI and connect to the
ISGW
Creating and Using a Self-Signed Certificate
–
Logon to the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server as System
Administrator or as a user who belongs to the System
Administrator group.
–
Go to Setup -> SSL/TLS
–
If not already enabled, click the 'OK' button in the "Information"
pop-up box
–
Click on the 'Add Certificate Button'. This will launch the "Add
Certificate Wizard".
Step 1 - Select "Self-Signed Certificate"
Step 2 - Select and enter either the server
•
Domain Name
•
IP Address
•
Other
Step 3 - Enter the requested information:
•
Organization (required)
•
Organizational Unit (optional)
•
E-mail (optional)
•
Locality (optional)
•
State/Province (optional)
•
Country (required)
Step 4 - Enter the length of time that the certificate will be valid
for.
Step 5 - Verify information entered in previous steps.
Step 6 - A message will appear indicating that the self-signed
certificate has been installed.
Security Guide
25
NOTE: During steps 2-5, the user may go back and correct any
mistakes made in previous steps.
–
Click on the 'Enable SSL/TLS' checkbox at the top of the SSL/
TLS window.
–
Select a SSL/TLS mode of operation:
–
•
Normal (Encrypted and Unencrypted Access)
•
Secure (Encrypted Access Only)
Select encryption strength:
•
Normal (DES-MD5-56-bit)
•
Normal (DES-MD5-40-bit)
•
Normal (DES-MD5-128-bit)
•
Normal (3DES-MD5-128bit)
•
High (RC4-MD5-128-bit)
•
High (3DES-MD5-128-bit)
Using an Existing Signed Certificate from a Certificate Authority
–
If SSL/TLS is not already enabled
–
Click 'Add Certificate'
Step 1 - Select "Signed Certificate from a Certificate Authority"
Step 2 - Select and enter either the server
•
Domain Name
•
IP Address
•
Other
Step 3 - Enter the requested information:
•
Organization (required)
•
Organizational Unit (optional)
•
E-mail (optional)
•
Locality (optional)
•
State/Province (optional)
•
Country (required)
Step 4 - Browse to the location of the signed certificate (.pem
file).
Step 5 - Verify information entered in previous steps.
Step 6 - A message will appear indicating that the certificate
has been installed.
NOTE: During steps 2-5, the user may go back and correct any
mistakes made in previous steps.
26
Security Guide
Digital Certificates
SSL/TLS cannot be enabled unless a digital certificate has been
installed on the system, using the Add Certificate button. Installing
a digital certificate can only be done by someone with
administrator privileges.
The administrator selects SSL/TLS from the [Setup] Menu and
clicks on the [Add Certificate] button. This invokes the Add
Certificate wizard. There are two options regarding digital
certificates. One option is “Self-signed certificate”. This is selected
when no third party Certificate Authority is being used.
Another option is “Signed Certificate from a Certificate Authority”.
In this case, the administrator needs to supply the fully qualified
domain name, IP address, organization and country of the
Certificate Authority.
If the choice is to use a Certificate Authority, all Certificate
information needs to be held in a file and sent to the Certificate
Authority. The Authority returns a valid certificate that must be
installed on the system.
NOTE: A self-signed certificate is not as secure as a certificate
signed by a Certificate Authority. A self-signed certificate is the
most convenient way to begin using SSL/TLS and does not
require the use of a server functioning as a Certificate Authority or
a third party Certificate Authority.
Once the Digital Certificate has been installed, the Enable SSL/
TLS selection becomes available among the [Setup] options. At
that time the administrator can select the mode of operation,
Normal or Secure, from a drop-down menu.
Network Protocol
This section addresses Network Protocol, name service changes
and the changes that occur when security is invoked.
The table below addresses the list of Network Protocols that are
used by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server software or Xerox client
operations.
Table 2-7 Network Protocols
Network
Protocol
Security Guide
Required
Samba (SMB)
Network sharing protocol required for Hot Folders and SMB
filing (Nuvera only).
XSun
Required for functionality of Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
diagnostics software.
27
Network
Protocol
HTTP
Required
Used when connecting to the server via the HTTP gateway.
Connections can also be filtered using the IP Filter feature
under Setup -> IP Filter.
NOTE: When SSL is disabled (off) other web-based logins
provided by the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server may not be
secure. Use the HTTPs qualifier to guarantee a secure
interaction.
28
Tomcat web
server
Required for the functionality of the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server Internet Services gateway and the Xerox Remote
Services application.
IPP
Required for job submissions from the FreeFlow® Print
Manager and/or a Digipath (FreeFlow 2.0+) client. The IPP
gateway can be enabled/disabled under Setup -> Gateways ->
IPP tab. Connections can also be filtered using the IP Filter
feature under Setup -> IP Filter.
Sun RPC
Used by many different clients, including DigiPath/FreeFlow
and Xerox FreeFlow Print Server Remote WorkFlow (DRW),
and network services such as NIS+. Typically used to establish
a connection to the server, which then redirects the connection
to another open port using OS level port management. This
service is shutdown when Xerox FreeFlow Print Server security
is set to high. Connections can also be filtered using the IP
Filter feature under Setup -> Security Profiles -> <Any Profile> > RPC tab
SNMP
Used for SNMP message exchange and traps. The SNMP
gateway can be enabled/disabled under Setup -> Gateways ->
SNMP.
WINS
Required when in an environment where connection to a WINS
server is necessary. WINS service can be enabled/disabled
under Setup -> Network Configuration -> WINS tab.
Socket (Raw
TCP/IP)
Printing
Required if jobs will be submitted via the socket gateway. The
socket gateway can be enabled/disabled under Setup ->
Gateways -> Socket. Connections can also be filtered using the
IP Filter feature under Setup -> IP Filter.
LPD (LP/LPR)
Required for job submissions via the LP/LPR gateway (LP/LPR
client, Xerox FreeFlow Print Server Print Service (Reprint),
etc.). The port assigned to the LPD can be changed and/or the
gateway can be enabled/disabled under Setup -> Gateways ->
LPD.
SSH
Access the server via a secure shell (SSH, SFTP, etc.).
Security Guide
Network
Protocol
Required
FTP
Access the server via FTP and/or submit jobs from a DigiPath/
FreeFlow client via the Digipath/FreeFlow Print Manager. This
service (ftpd) is shutdown when Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
security is set to high. In FreeFlow v2.0, the client has the ability
to use secure FTP (sFTP) when Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
security is set to high and FTP is not available. Connections
can also be filtered using the IP Filter feature under Setup ->
Security Profiles -> <Any Profile> -> RPC tab.
SSL
Required when using the TLS/SSL security feature and/or a
FreeFlow 2.0+ client with Xerox FreeFlow Print Server security
is set to high. Connections can also be filtered using the IP
Filter feature under Setup -> IP Filter.
NFS
Necessary when using NFS mounted directories. This service
is disabled when Xerox FreeFlow Print Server security is set to
high. Connections can also be filtered using the IP Filter feature
under Setup -> Security Profiles -> <Any Profile> -> RPC tab.
NOTE: The IP Filtering (Setup->IP Filter) feature can also help in
limiting access to the server. This is the Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server's GUI interface to the SunScreen Lite firewall that is part of
the Solaris 8 Operating System. This feature allows the user to
limit the number of clients who are allowed to access the server
via services such as LPR, IPP, HTTP, HTTPS, SMB Printing, and
FTP. By default, the firewall is disabled (all ports open), but can be
enabled to either only allow specified connections (by IP address,
IP address range, or subnet mask) or to close all ports. For DRW
clients, this mechanism exists under System Preferences ->
Remote Workflow -> "Enable Specified Connections".
NOTE: FreeFlow® v2.0 and newer allows users to select whether
or not the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server server they connecting to
will have high security enabled. If so, the client will use other
communication paths such as sIPP (via SSL) for job submissions
and sFTP for decomposition services (NetAgent).
Secure Print
MICR mode
The MICR mode disables all Xerox FreeFlow Print Server features
that allow additional prints to be produced (such as Sample Print,
Reposition Output, etc.).
Security Guide
29
Prevent Unauthorized Queue Changes
Queue Lock
•
Queues can be locked and unlocked by the System
Administrator.
•
Properties of a locked queue cannot be changed without first
unlocking the queue.
•
Locked queues can only be deleted by the System
Administrator.
•
Locked queues can be copied by an Operator. The resulting
new queue will not be locked.
•
An Operator can change the Accept/Do Not Accept Jobs and
Release/Do Not Release Jobs attributes on a locked queue.
•
Placing the cursor on the tool tip accesses the date and time
the queue was last locked.
Roles and responsibilities
Xerox will make every effort to assist the administrator in ensuring
that the customer environment is secure.
Xerox responsibilities
Xerox is committed to providing a level of security which will allow
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server controller to be a good network
citizen in response to current security intrusions. Additional
security beyond this remains the responsibility of the customer.
Xerox is constantly evaluating the security of the Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server controller and the Sun Solaris operating system.
Xerox is committed to providing the latest Solaris security patches
provided by Sun Microsystems in each major Xerox FreeFlow
Print Server release. The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
development team will also add Solaris security patches in
between major release cycles. All OS security patches for
applications that are added during a Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
install will be included, even if the application code is not normally
used by Xerox FreeFlow Print Server users. Security patches for
applications that are not loaded by a Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
install will not be evaluated or included. Only the version of a patch
impacting security will be included. If a security patch has a newer
version that is not security related, then this patch will not be
30
Security Guide
updated to the newer version. Any security patch that is
determined to have a negative impact to Xerox FreeFlow Print
Server operation will not be added.
Customer Responsibilities
The administrator has the primary responsibility for maintaining
the security of the network within the customer's site. It is
important that network security is continuously monitored and
maintained, and that appropriate security policies are established
and followed.
The procedures outlined in this document assume a basic
knowledge of UNIX, the vi editor, and general computing
concepts. It is expected that the network administrator or system
administrator responsible for network security understands the
base commands (cd, chmod, cp, grep, kill, ln, ls, man, more, ps,
etc.), and the UNIX directory path and filename structures shown
in this document.
There is information within the text and in the appendix sections
for reference to those who may not use UNIX often.
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server operates on a Solaris OS.
Enhancements have been made to increase security over the
default OS configuration. Additional Solaris patches required by
the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server are included as well. Several
scripts are used to provide additional security for the Print Server.
Not all scripts are public knowledge, only those that are public are
defined in this document and these can be performed by the
customer.
Xerox FreeFlow Print Server engineering will evaluate the latest
Sun Security Alert Packs issued by Sun Microsystems and
integrate these patches into the Print Server releases. Local
customer support will be responsible for loading the latest Print
Server software.
Xerox strongly recommends that the customer change passwords
from the default settings since the ultimate security of the printing
system resides with the customer.
NOTE: Please be aware that the Xerox Customer Support
Personnel must have access to the new root password for service
and support. It is the customer's responsibility to ensure that the
root password is available for them.
Security tips
The following recommendations will enhance security.
Security Guide
31
Virus Scan
The Xerox FreeFlow Print Server runs on the Solaris 10 Operating
System (OS). This OS makes the Xerox FreeFlow Print Server
less susceptible to virus and worms.
Online Help for security
A great deal of helpful security information can be found in Online
Help. Sun's security tools and blueprints may be found at:
http://www.sun.com/solutions/blueprints/
Other security information, including alerts, may be found at:
http://sunsolve.sun.com/pub-cgi/
show.pl?target=security/sec
http://www.cert.org/nav/ index_main.html
http://www.cve.mitre.org/
http://www.xerox.com\security
32
Security Guide
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