Canon HFR306 Film Camera User Manual

Safety Instructions & Operator’s Manual for
PRO HYDRO
WALK BEHIND MOWERS
MID-SIZE
SERIES 0
POWER UNIT
MODELS
MOWER UNIT
MODELS
SPLH140KW
SPLH170KW
SPLH140KH
SPLH150KH
SPLH160BV
SPLH140KWE
SPLH180KHE
SPLH220KHE
SP360
SP480
SPA360
SPA480
SPA520
SPA610
Model SPLH140KW shown
MODEL NUMBER EXPLANATION
S
P
L
H
14
MODEL DESIGNATION
MODEL TYPE
MODEL OPTION
DRIVE SYSTEM TYPE
S – Snapper Commercial Model
P – Pro Mid Size Model
L - Loop Type Handle Model
H – Hydro Drive System
A – Adjustable Cutting Deck
0
KW
ENGINE TYPE
SERIES DESIGNATION
ENGINE HP
ENGINE HORSE POWER
14 – 14.0 Engine HP
15 – 15.0 Engine HP
16 – 16.0 Engine HP
17 – 17.0 Engine HP
18 – 18.0 Engine HP
22 – 22.0 Engine HP
CUTTING DECK WIDTH
36 – 36” Cutting Deck
48 – 48” Cutting Deck
52 – 52” Cutting Deck
61 – 61” Cutting Deck
0 - Series Designation
KW – Kawasaki Engine
KH – Kohler Engine
E – Electric Starting
Thank you for buying a SNAPPER Product! Before operating your PRO WALK BEHIND, read this manual
carefully and pay particular attention to the “IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS” on Pages 2&3. Remember
that all power equipment can be dangerous if used improperly. Also keep in mind that SAFETY requires careful
use in accordance with the operating instructions and common sense!
COPYRIGHT © 1999
SNAPPER INC.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
MANUAL No. 4-3799 (REV. 2, 5/17/99)
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING: This powerful cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and can throw objects that
can cause injury and damage! Failure to comply with the following SAFETY instructions could result in serious
injury or death to the operator or other persons. The owner of the machine must understand these instructions
and must allow only persons who understand these instructions to operate machine. Each person operating the
machine must be of sound mind and body and must not be under the influence of any substance, which might
impair vision, dexterity or judgment. If you have any questions pertaining to your machine which your dealer
cannot answer to your satisfaction, call or write the Customer Service Department at SNAPPER, McDonough,
Georgia 30253. Phone: (1-800-935-2967).
PROTECTION FOR CHILDREN
PROTECTION AGAINST TIPOVERS
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert
to the presence of children. Children are often
attracted to the machine and the mowing activity.
Never assume that children will remain where you last
saw them.
1. KEEP children out of the mowing area and under
the watchful care of a responsible adult.
2. DO NOT allow children in yard when machine is
operated (even with the blade OFF).
3. DO NOT allow children or other passengers to ride
on machine or on attachments (even with the
blade OFF). They may fall and be seriously injured.
4. DO NOT allow pre-teenage children to operate
machine.
5. ALLOW only adults or responsible teenagers with
mature judgment under close adult supervision to
operate machine.
6. BE SURE the area is clear of others before
mowing and turn machine OFF if anyone enters
the area.
7. DO NOT mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. LOOK BEHIND and down for small
children before and when backing.
8. USE EXTRA CARE when approaching blind
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may
obscure vision.
(Continued From Previous Column)
4. AVOID uphill starts. If machine stops going uphill
or tires lose traction, turn blade OFF and back
slowly down the slope.
5. STAY ALERT for holes and other hidden hazards.
Tall grass can hide obstacles. Keep away from
ditches,
washouts,
culverts,
fences
and
protruding objects.
6. KEEP A SAFE DISTANCE (at least 3 feet) away
from edge of ditches and other drop offs. The
mower could turn over if an edge caves in.
7. Always begin forward motion slowly and with
caution.
8. Use weights or a weighted load carrier in accordance
with instructions supplied with a grass catcher. DO
NOT operate machine on slopes exceeding 10
degrees (18% grade) when equipped with grass
catcher.
9. DO NOT put your foot on the ground to try to
stabilize the machine.
10. DO NOT mow on wet grass. Reduced traction
could cause sliding.
11. DO NOT mow under any condition where traction,
steering or stability is doubtful without first test
driving over the terrain with blade OFF.
12. Operator Protective Structures are available for
this machine through your local Snapper dealer.
PROTECTION AGAINST TIPOVERS
PREPARATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control
and tip-over accidents, which can result in severe
injury or death. All slopes require extra CAUTION. If
you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on
it, DO NOT mow it. Use extra care with grass catchers
or other attachments; these can change the stability
of the machine.
1. Read this manual, get to know where all controls
are located and practice how to use them before
starting for the first time, and at the beginning of
each season. Read and follow Warnings and
Instructions on engine and machine. Read and
follow operator’s manual and instructions
furnished with attachments.
2. Only mature, responsible persons shall operate
the machine and only after proper instruction.
3. Data indicates that operators age 60 and above,
are involved in a large percentage of mowerrelated injuries. These operators should evaluate
their ability to operate the mower safely enough to
protect themselves and others from serious injury.
1. DO NOT operate machine on slopes exceeding 15
degrees (27% grade).
2. Exercise EXTREME CAUTION on slopes above 10
degrees (18% grade). Turn blade OFF when
traveling uphill. Use first speed and avoid sudden
or sharp turns.
3. DO NOT mow back and forth across face of
slopes. Mow up and down.
2
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
10. Watch out for traffic when near or crossing
roadways.
PREPARATION
(Continued From Previous Page)
4. Handle fuel with extra care. Fuels are flammable
and vapors are explosive. Use only an approved
fuel container. Never remove fuel cap or add
fuel with engine running. Add fuel outdoors
only with engine stopped and cool. Clean
spilled fuel from machine. DO NOT smoke.
5. Practice operation of machine with BLADE OFF
to learn controls and develop skills.
6. Check the area to be mowed and remove all
objects such as toys, wire, rocks, limbs and
other objects that could cause injury if thrown
by blade or interfere with mowing.
7. Keep people and pets a safe distance from
machine.
8. Check shields, deflectors, switches, blade
controls and other safety devices frequently for
proper operation and location.
9. Make sure all safety decals are clearly legible.
Replace if damaged.
10. Protect yourself when mowing and wear safety
glasses, long pants and substantial footwear.
11. Know how to STOP blade and engine quickly in
preparation for emergencies.
12. Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck.
13. Check grass catcher components frequently for
signs of wear or deterioration and replace as
needed to prevent injury from thrown objects
going through weak or worn spots.
OPERATION
(Continued From Previous Column)
11. STOP engine immediately after striking an
obstruction. Inspect machine and repair
damage before resuming operation.
12. Mow only in daylight or with good artificial light.
13. Move motion control levers SLOWLY to
maintain control during speed and directional
changes.
14. Exercise CAUTION when pulling loads. DO NOT
pull loads greater than 300 pounds. Avoid jack
knifing. DO NOT turn sharply.
MAINTENANCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
OPERATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
7.
Mount and dismount machine from left side.
Start engine from operator's seat, if possible. Make
sure blade is OFF and parking brake is set.
STOP blade, STOP engine, set parking brake and
remove key when leaving machine.
DO NOT operate machine unless properly seated
with feet on feet rests or pedal(s).
STOP BLADE and ENGINE and make sure blade
has stopped before removing grass catcher or
unclogging mower to prevent loss of fingers or
hand.
Blade must be OFF except when cutting grass. Set
blade in highest position when mowing over rough
ground.
Keep hands and feet away from rotating blade
underneath deck. NEVER place foot on ground
while BLADE is ON or machine is in motion.
Deflector or entire grass catcher must be in place.
NEVER point discharge at people, passing cars,
windows or doors.
Slow down before turning.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
3
Never store machine or fuel container inside where
fumes may reach an open flame, spark or pilot light
such as in a water heater, furnace, clothes dryer or
other gas appliance. Allow engine to cool before
storing machine in an enclosure. Store fuel
container out of the reach of children in a well
ventilated, unoccupied building.
Keep engine free of grass, leaves or excess grease
to reduce fire hazard and engine overheating.
When draining fuel tank, drain fuel into an approved
container outdoors and away from open flame.
Check brakes frequently; adjust, repair or replace as
needed.
Keep all bolts, nuts and screws properly tight.
Check that all cotter pins are in proper position.
Always provide adequate ventilation when running
engine indoors. Exhaust gases contain carbon
monoxide, an odorless and deadly poison.
Disconnect negative (black) cable from battery
before performing maintenance or service.
Cranking engine could cause injury.
Never work under machine without safety blocks.
Service engine and make adjustments only when
engine is stopped. Remove spark plug wire(s) from
spark plug(s) and secure wire(s) away from spark
plug(s).
DO NOT change engine governor speed settings or
overspeed engine.
Lubricate machine at intervals specified in manual
to prevent controls from binding.
Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blades or wear heavy leather gloves and use
CAUTION when handling them.
NEVER test for spark by grounding spark plug next
to spark plug hole; spark plug could ignite gas
exiting engine.
Have machine serviced by an authorized SNAPPER
dealer at least once a year and have the dealer
install any new safety devices.
Use only genuine SNAPPER replacement parts to
assure that original standards are maintained.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS...................................................................................2-3
TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................................................................................4
SECTION 1 - FAMILIARIZATION .................................................................................................5
SECTION 2 - CONTROLS ............................................................................................................6
Engine Controls..............................................................................................................6
Blade and Traction Controls .........................................................................................6
TO ROLL MACHINE - Pressure Relief Valve Adjustment ...........................................6
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS..........................................................................7-15
Pre-Start Checklist .........................................................................................................7
Before Operating ............................................................................................................7
Normal Operating Stop ..................................................................................................8
Starting and Operating ..................................................................................................8
Traction Speed Control..................................................................................................9
Mowing and Turning on Hillsides...............................................................................10
Adjusting Handle Height.........................................................................................10-11
Adjusting Cutting Height (Fixed Decks).....................................................................12
Adjusting Caster Wheels (Fixed Decks).....................................................................12
Adjusting Blade on Cutter Spindle (Fixed Decks).....................................................12
Adjusting Mower (Deck) Attachment (Fixed Decks) .................................................13
Adjusting Cutting Height (Adjustable Decks)............................................................13
Battery Service & Testing .......................................................................................14-15
SECTION 4 - SERVICE - TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................................16
Section 4 - Service...................................................................................................17-23
Covers Troubleshooting, Service Schedule, Lubrication Chart, Hydraulic &
Electric Clutch Adjustments, Belt Removal & Installation as well as Blade Inspection,
Removal, Sharpening, Balancing and Installation.
WARRANTY................................................................................................................................24
PRIMARY MAINTENANCE....................................................................................................25-28
See SERVICE - Table of Contents for ALL Service and Adjustments Information
4
SECTION 1 - FAMILIARIZATION
RIGHT HAND
TRACTION
CONTROL
SPEED
CONTROL
LEVER
LEFT HAND
TRACTION
CONTROL
OPERATOR’S PRESENCE
CONTROL (OPC)
BLADE CLUTCH
CONTROL SWITCH
THROTTLE CONTROL
FUEL FILLER CAP
NEUTRAL
LATCH
LEVER
KEY
SWITCH
HYDRAULIC
PUMPS (Not
Shown)
FUEL TANK
STARTER ROPE
AIR FILTER
FILL/CHECK CAP
(Hydraulic Reservoir)
REAR TIRES
DECK HEIGHT
ADJUSTING
CRANK
ELECTRIC CLUTCH
(See Page 20 for
Adjustment)
COVER
RETAINING
KNOBS
FUEL SHUT-OFF
VALVE (Not Shown)
HYDRAULIC
DRIVE MOTOR
(Behind Each
Rear Wheel)
CASTER
WHEEL
ASSEMBLY
FRONT
TIRES
DISCHARGE
CHUTE
COVER
MUFFLER
DECK
(48” Shown)
FIGURE 1.1
1.1 NOMENCLATURE
The nomenclature drawing above Figure 1.1 shows the essential parts of the SNAPPER PRO Mid-Size Mowers. It is
recommended that all operators of this equipment become thoroughly familiar with the controls, parts and operation of
this machine before operating. Specific details involving the engine are found in the separate Engine Owners Manual.
Study these manuals before operating Mower and keep them both handy for future reference.
1.3 LEARN HOW TO USE THESE IMPORTANT
TRACTION CONTROLS & OPERATOR’S PRESENCE
CONTROLS!
This machine is equipped with an “OPERATOR’S
PRESENCE CONTROL” (OPC). Releasing this control
will turn the engine “OFF”, if the traction controls are not
latched in the neutral position and or the blade control
switch is in the “ON” position.
1.2 IMPORTANT: Before Starting or Stopping Engine:
Latch left hand and right hand traction controls into the
“NEUTRAL” position. Move blade control switch to the
“OFF” position. Turn Ignition Keyswitch to “STOP” and
remove Ignition Key when it becomes necessary to leave
the machine unattended. This machine features a Light
Touch Traction System, using individual Wheel Pumps
and Motors on each side of the machine.
5
SECTION 2 - CONTROLS
Before operating, become familiar with all the
controls (See Figure 2.1A) and how to use them.
Know beforehand how to STOP the Right Hand
and Left Hand Traction Wheel Drives, the Mower
Blades, and the Engine in preparation for a
possible emergency.
2.2 BLADE AND TRACTION CONTROLS
1.
Blade Clutch Control Switch
2.
R.H. Steering Control
3.
L.H. Steering Control
4.
Neutral Latch Lever
5.
Speed Control/Park Lock Lever
2.1 ENGINE CONTROLS A. Engine Speed Control
B. Keyswitch
C. Operator’s Presence Control (OPC)
D. Engine Recoil Starter Handle (Not shown)
Neutral Latch is not intended to be used as a park
brake. Never park machine on slopes.
WARNING
WARNING
When the Operator’s Presence Control (OPC) is
released, the machine will continue to operate a few
feet. DO NOT use this Operator’s Presence Control
(OPC) to routinely stop the machine.
(C) OPERATOR’S PRESENCE
CONTROL (OPC)
(AT REAR HANDLEBAR)
(1) BLADE CLUTCH
CONTROL SWITCH
(3) LEFT HAND
TRACTION CONTROL
(2) RIGHT HAND
TRACTION
CONTROL
FIGURE 2.1A
(4) NEUTRAL
LATCH LEVER
ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
(B) KEY SWITCH
HANDLEBAR
(5) SPEED
CONTROL LEVER
(1) BLADE CLUTCH
CONTROL SWITCH
VIEW OF CONTROL PANEL
(Rear of Machine) FROM
OPERATOR’S POSITION
(B) KEY SWITCH
IMPORTANT:
TO ROLL MACHINE,
TURN BOTH PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVES
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE
1/2 TURN
To roll the machine without the
engine running, turn both pressure relief valves
counter-clockwise 1/2 turn. Turn valves clockwise to
tighten for machine operation.
PRESSURE RELIEF
VALVE
RIGHT
HAND
PUMP
LEFT HAND
PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF
VALVE
6
FIGURE 2.1B
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.1 PRE-START CHECKLIST
WARNING
IMPORTANT: Before starting your SNAPPER Pro
Hydro machine, the hydraulic reservoir and engine
MUST be filled to the proper level with oil.
Use approved fuel container. DO NOT smoke near
open fuel container. DO NOT fill fuel tank indoors or
when engine is running. Allow engine to cool for at
least ten minutes before refilling. Wipe off any
spilled fuel before starting engine. DO NOT run
engine indoors.
3.1.1. HYDRAULIC OIL RESERVOIR: Use SAE 10W30 oil. Fill reservoir with oil until the level comes to
within 3 to 4 inches from the top of the filler neck. See
Figure 3.1.
7. Add fuel to tank after pushing the machine outside
where FUMES can be dissipated. Make sure Fuel
Tank Cap is tightened after refueling. (Refer to
Engine Owner’s Manual for Fuel specifications).
Make the following checks and perform the services as
required before each start-up.
3.1.3. BEFORE OPERATING
Be thoroughly familiar with ALL controls and know how
to use them before operating the mower. Know
beforehand how to STOP the Traction Drive Wheel
Motors, Mower Blades and Engine in preparation for a
possible emergency.
FILL/CHECK CAP
HYDRAULIC OIL
RESERVOIR
3” TO 4”
10W-30 OIL
FIGURE 3.1
3.1.2. ENGINE OIL: Add oil as needed to bring up to,
but not over, the FULL mark. Refer to the Engine
Owner’s Manual for oil specifications.
1. If required, make cutting height adjustments. Refer
to ADJUSTING CUTTING HEIGHT.
2. Check tires and add air as needed to bring pressure
to 25 psi in front tires and 12-15 psi in rear tires.
3. Check Guards, Deflectors and Belt Covers to make
sure all are in place and secure.
4. Check condition of Cutter Deck Belt(s). If damaged,
replace with original part. Refer to Cutter Deck Belt
removal.
5. Clean Interior and Exterior surfaces of Cutting Deck
and clean Engine of any accumulation of dirt, grass,
oil, etc. Keep Engine Air Intake Screens and Cooling
Fins clear at ALL times.
6. Check Engine Oil Reservoir and add oil as needed to
bring level up to but not over the FULL mark. (Refer
to Engine Owner’s Manual for oil specifications).
7
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.2 STOPPING
CHOKE
CONTROL
KNOB
IMPORTANT: Pulling backward on both Traction Controls
back past Neutral position will cause the machine to back
up.
1. Pull back on both Traction Controls simultaneously
towards handle bar. Manually engage the Neutral
Latch Lever. See Figure 3.2.
LEFT HAND
TRACTION
CONTROL
RIGHT HAND
TRACTION
CONTROL
FUEL TANK
& HANDLE
SUPPORT
BRACKET
PULL OUT
TO CHOKE
POSITION
OUTLINE OF REAR
WHEEL
(Left Side Shown)
FIGURE 3.3
NEUTRAL LATCH LEVER
CHOKE
POSITION
FIGURE 3.2
THROTTLE
CONTROL
2. Move Blade Clutch Control Switch to OFF position.
3. Move Throttle Control to SLOW (Turtle) Position.
4. Stop Engine by turning Keyswitch to STOP position.
Always park machine on level surface.
FAST
(Rabbit)
POSITION
3.3 STARTING AND OPERATING
3.3.1. ENGINE - START ENGINE AS FOLLOWS:
1. Turn Fuel Tank Shut-Off Valve ON.
2. Move Blade Clutch Control Switch to OFF position.
3. Be sure Right Hand and Left Hand Traction Controls
are latched in NEUTRAL position.
4. Pull Choke Control Knob, if so equipped, (shown
attached to Fuel Tank and Handle Support Bracket on
Left Hand side of machine) all the way out to CHOKE
position. See Figure 3.3.
5. Move Throttle Control to “FAST/CHOKE” position, if so
equipped. See Figure 3.4.
6. (Manual Start Models) Turn Keyswitch to RUN position.
7. (Manual Start Models) Pull Starter Rope until Engine
starts.
8. (Electric Start Models) Turn key to the “START” position
until engine starts. NOTE: If after 5 seconds of
cranking the engine and it does not start, release the
key, make sure the blade switch control is in the OFF
position and traction controls are latched in the neutral
position. Attempt starting again after waiting for
approximately 20 seconds.
9. Push Choke Control Knob all the way in and move
Throttle Control to “FAST” position.
SLOW
(Turtle)
POSITION
FIGURE 3.4
WARNING
DO NOT leave machine with the engine running. STOP
engine. STOP blades. Latch both traction controls in
the neutral position. Move speed control to slow.
Remove key.
WARNING
DO NOT park machine on slopes.
8
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
WARNING
The SNAPPER Pro Hydro Mowers have a Transport
Speed, which allows the machine to travel forward at a
speed of 6 MPH - it is NOT to be used while walking! Use
the Transport Speed ONLY when the machine is
equipped with a Riding Sulky! NEVER make sharp
turns at high speed! The machine has “zero-turn”
capability; NEVER use “zero-turn” at high speed.
During initial training time with machine, it is advised
that the Operator(s) practice with the Speed Control
Lever in the slowest travel speed position and Blade
Engagement Switch in the OFF position
The tighter the traction controls are squeezed back
against the handlebar, the faster the machine will
move in reverse. Use extreme CAUTION when
reversing machine!
3.4.2. REVERSE SPEED
1. Hold Operator’s Presence Control (OPC) against
handlebar.
2. Move Blade Control Switch to OFF position.
3. To reverse direction of the machine, stop machine travel
by squeezing both Traction Controls and move Neutral
Latch Lever to engage and hold the Traction Controls in
neutral position.
4. To start machine movement, simultaneously squeeze
both Traction Controls SLOWLY back towards the
handlebar, allowing machine to start reverse movement.
See Figure 3.6.
5. To STOP reverse movement of machine, return both
Traction Controls to neutral and engage the Neutral
Latch Lever.
3.4 TRACTION SPEED CONTROL
3.4.1. FORWARD SPEED
1. Hold Operator’s Presence Control (OPC) against
handlebar.
2. Move Blade Control Switch to ON position.
3. Move Speed Control Lever forward slightly, selecting
a slow travel speed.
4. While holding both Traction Controls in the neutral
position, release Neutral Latch Lever by pulling
controls slightly backwards.
5. Simultaneously (and slowly), release both Traction
Controls. Machine will begin to move forward.
6. Adjust Speed Control Lever to a comfortable travel
speed.
7. Proceed to go forward while allowing the machine to
travel in a straight line. If the machine veer towards
the LEFT or RIGHT, it can be brought back to a
straight path by moving the Speed Control Lever in
the desired direction of travel. See Figure 3.5.
8. Squeeze the appropriate Traction Control to turn the
machine either LEFT or RIGHT. If either Traction
Control is squeezed to tightly against the handlebar, it
will cause the machine to quickly spin around or zero
turn to that side - BE CAREFUL!
SLOWLY SQUEEZE BOTH TRACTION CONTROLS
AGAINST THE HANDLEBAR AT THE SAME TIME TO
START REVERSE MOVEMENT
MOVE SPEED CONTROL LEVER TO
THE LEFT OR RIGHT TO ADJUST
MOWER FOR STRAIGHT TRAVEL
NEUTRAL
LATCH
LEVER
FIGURE 3.6
WARNING
Start mowing with a slow ground speed.
3.5 MOWER OPERATION
1. Hold Operator’s Presence Control (OPC) against
handlebar.
2. Move Blade Control Switch to ON position.
3. Move Speed Control Lever forward, selecting a slow
travel speed.
FIGURE 3.5
9
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.5 MOWER OPERATION (Continued from
3.7 HANDLE HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
Previous Page)
4. Move Engine Speed Control to the FAST (Rabbit)
position. Refer to Figure 3.4.
5. While holding both Traction Controls in the neutral
position, release Neutral Latch Lever by pulling
controls slightly backwards.
6. Simultaneously (and slowly), release both Traction
Controls. Machine will begin to move forward.
7. Adjust Speed Control Lever to a comfortable travel
speed.
8. Proceed to go forward while allowing machine to
travel in a straight line. If the machine has a tendency
to veer towards the LEFT or RIGHT, it can be brought
back to a straight path by moving Speed Control
Lever in the desired direction of travel. Refer to Figure
3.5.
9. Squeeze the appropriate Traction Control to turn the
machine either LEFT or RIGHT.
10. If either Traction Control is squeezed tightly against
the handlebar, it will cause the corresponding wheel
to reverse direction and “zero-turn” the machine. BE
CAREFUL!
For operator comfort the height of the handlebars are
adjustable to five different positions. The handle height
adjustment procedure is sensitive and the following
procedures and WARNINGS must be followed very
carefully.
WARNING
Several steps of the handle bar height adjustment
procedure require that the engine be started.
Exercise
extreme
CAUTION
when
making
adjustments while the engine is running to avoid
HOT engine components, rotating components, run
over or entrapment types of injuries.
IMPORTANT: To complete this procedure, a steel rod
5/16” diameter and 7-3/4” long will be required. DO NOT
begin this procedure without it.
WARNING
Before attempting any adjustments, maintenance,
service, or repairs, stop engine and blade, close fuel
shut-off valve, and allow engine to cool. Always turn
Ignition Key to STOP, remove key from ignition
switch, disconnect spark plug wire(s) and secure
wire(s) away from spark plug(s). If machine is to be
raised or tilted. Make sure to secure machine in
place to prevent it from falling.
WARNING
DO NOT use Rider Attachment (Sulky) on slopes! DO
NOT park machine on slopes.
3.6 MOWING AND TURNING ON HILLSIDES
1. Always mow hillsides starting at bottom of hill. Mow
across slopes, never up and down. Exercise
CAUTION when changing directions on slopes. DO
NOT MOW STEEP SLOPES. See Figure 3.7.
2. Hillside mowing is accomplished by squeezing
Traction Lever on the UPHILL SIDE of machine. This
helps prevent side slipping of mower.
3. When turning mower on hillsides, always turn toward
the UPHILL SIDE of mower for better control and
balance.
STEP 1: Move machine to smooth level place. Raise
rear of machine just high enough for drive wheels to
clear the floor and be able to rotate freely. Block machine
securely to prevent it from falling.
STEP 2: Place traction control levers in the Neutral
position and engage Neutral Latch. See Figure 3.8.
SQUEEZE TRACTION CONTROL
LEVER ON UP-HILL SIDE OF
MOWER
JAM NUT
TRACTION
CONTROL
ARMS
NEUTRAL
LATCH
SELF LOCK
COTTER PIN
SWIVEL
SWIVEL
* ALWAYS START AT BOTTOM OF HILL!
* ALWAYS MOW ACROSS HILL - NEVER
UP & DOWN.
ALWAYS TURN
MOWER TOWARD
HILL
TRACTION CONTROL
RODS
FIGURE 3.7
FIGURE 3.8
(Continued on Next Page)
10
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.7 HANDLE HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
(Continued from previous page)
STEP 3: Insert rod (5/16” diameter x 7 3/4” long)
through alignment holes in the left and right traction
control shift lever arms and the switch bracket. The rod
should pass through both the left and right traction
control shift lever arms. This step is important as it
places the shift lever arms in Neutral and aligns them
with the Neutral interlock switches located in the switch
bracket. See Figure 3.9.
FUEL TANK
FUEL TANK/HANDLEBAR
SUPPORT BRACKET
5/16” DIA. X 7-3/4”
LONG ROD
SWITCH
BRACKET
TRACTION
CONTROL
SHIFT LEVER
ARM
LEFT
SIDE
FIGURE 3.9
STEP 4: Disconnect the swivel from the right and left
traction control arms and loosen swivel jam nuts. Refer
to Figure 3.8.
STEP 5: Loosen the upper bolt and nut on right and
left side of Mower which holds Handlebar to Support
Bracket. Remove the lower bolt and nut on each side.
Retain this hardware. See Figure 3.10.
STEP 6: Pivot the Handlebar up or down and reinsert
bolt and nut into desired hole position on each side.
Tighten both upper and lower bolts and nuts on each
side to 35 to 45 ft. lbs.
STEP 7: Adjust swivel (Clockwise or CounterClockwise) until the pin on the swivel aligns perfectly
with the hole in the traction control arm. The traction
control lever must be held in the Neutral Latch position
when making this adjustment. Complete this adjustment
for both left and right swivels. Carefully reattach and
secure swivels to control arms. Tighten swivel jam nuts.
IMPORTANT: Both the left and the right swivels must
be installed in the same traction control arm speed
range setting. Mid range (middle hole) setting is
recommended
STEP 8: Remove steel rod from shift lever arms.
STEP 9: Check to insure machine is securely blocked.
Start engine. Drive wheels should not rotate with
traction control levers latched in the Neutral position. If
no rotation is observed the handlebar adjustment
procedure is complete. If wheels do rotate proceed to
next step. STOP ENGINE.
STEP 10: Wheel rotation will be stopped by adjusting
the eccentric on the pump arms on the right and left
pumps. Turning the eccentric slightly clockwise or
counter-clockwise will synchronize the pump and
traction controls for Neutral. See Figure 3.11. To turn
the eccentric, first loosen the bolt in the pump control
arm and the nut and bolt fastening the eccentric to the
pump control arm. With traction controls latched in
Neutral, start engine. Turn eccentric slightly clockwise
or counter-clockwise until wheels stop rotating. Tighten
control arm bolts and eccentric nut and bolts. Check for
wheel rotation. Repeat eccentric adjustment if needed.
TRACTION
CONTROL
SHIFT LEVER
ARM
HANDLEBAR
LOOSEN BOLT
CONNECTED TO
CONTROL ARM
HANDLEBAR
LOOSEN BOLT & NUT THAT
CONNECTS ECCENTRIC TO
CONTROL ARM
LOOSEN UPPER
BOLT & NUT
ROTATE ECCENTRIC
CLOCKWISE OR
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE
FUEL
TANK/HANDLEBAR
SUPPORT BRACKET
SHOWN IN PHANTOM
ADJUST
HANDLEBAR
TO DESIRED
POSITION.
REATTACH
BOLT & NUT.
REMOVE LOWER
BOLT & NUT ON
EACH SIDE
LEFT SIDE OF MACHINE SHOWN
FIGURE 3.10
FIGURE 3.11
11
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.8 ADJUSTING CUTTING HEIGHT (Fixed
Decks)
SLOT
The Mower has three methods of adjusting cutting
height listed as follows:
1. Moving position of BLADE on cutter spindle shaft.
2. Moving position of CASTER WHEEL on support.
3. Moving position of MOWER DECK on power unit.
SPACERS
WARNING
Before making any cutting height adjustments, move
ignition key to STOP position, remove key from key
switch, close fuel shut-off valve and disconnect
spark plug wire(s) from spark plug(s).
FLAT
AREA
NOTE! THOSE SPACERS
REMOVED FROM BOTTOM
OF CASTER SHOULD BE
REINSTALLED AT TOP
BEFORE INSERTING
RETAINER PIN.
FIGURE 3.13
3.9 ADJUSTING CASTER WHEELS
3.10 ADJUSTING BLADE ON CUTTER SPINDLE
The Caster Wheel Assemblies have four (4) 1/2” and
one (1) 1/4” thick Spacer. When placed above or below
Caster Support Tube, the Operator can raise or lower
the cutting height in 1/2” increments, thus providing a
“Quick-Adjust” method. The deck mounting has to be
changed to correspond with the Caster repositioning as
described in ADJUSTING FIXED MOWER DECK
ATTACHMENT.
1. Remove the Retainer Pin from Caster Shaft. See
Figure 3.12.
To change cutting height of Blades, move the Spacers from
under the Cutter Housing to above the Cutter Housing
Pulley. Each Spacer moved above the Cutter Housing
Pulley will provide an additional 1/4” of cutting height.
NEVER PUT ANY SPACERS BELOW BLADE! See Figure
3.14.
CUTTER
HOUSING
SPACERS ON
BOTTOM
CASTER
SUPPORT
TUBE
CASTER SHAFT
SPACERS ON
TOP
CUTTER
HOUSING
PULLEY
BLADE
FIGURE 3.14
NOTE: Changing the cutting height of Blades DOES
NOT change the Deck ground clearance. If an
undesirable cutting pattern results, then cutting height
adjustment MUST be made by adjusting Mower Deck
height and Caster Wheels.
Install Blades (Air-Lift UP) with retaining hardware as
shown below and tighten to 70-80 ft. lbs.
See Figure 3.15.
RETAINER
PIN
AIR LIFT
CASTER WHEEL
ASSEMBLY
HEIGHT
ADJUSTING
SPACERS
BLADE
FIGURE 3.12
2. Lift Caster Support Tube while adding or removing
the bottom Spacer. See Figure 3.13.
BEVELED
WASHER
NOTE: Remove (or add) Spacers by rotating slots so
they align with the flat area on Caster Shaft.
MOUNTING
BOLT
TIGHTEN TO 70-80
FOOT POUNDS
FIGURE 3.15
12
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.11 ADJUSTING FIXED DECK ATTACHMENT
SPACERS (4)
The Mower Deck has four different positions for
attaching it to the power unit. The lowest setting
provides a cutting height range from 1 1/2” to 2 1/2”, the
middle low cut from 2 1/4” to 3 1/4”, the middle high cut
from 3” to 4”, and the highest cut from 3 3/4” to 4 3/4”.
Make sure the Spacers on the Caster Wheels are
moved UP or DOWN as shown below to correspond
with the bolt positions to keep the Mower Deck level.
Once a desired cutting height is reached, attach the
Mower Deck to the power unit by installing 3 bolts on
each side in selected height of cut holes. Tighten the
bolts from 70 to 80 foot pounds torque.
HIGH CUT: 3-3/4” TO 4-3/4”
FIGURE 3.16 (D)
3.12 CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENTS FOR
ADJUSTABLE DECK ATTACHMENTS
SIDE PROFILE OF MACHINE
FIGURE 3.16A
1. The Mower Deck should be mounted in the lowest
holes (low cut) on the power unit.
2. To adjust height of cut, turn both Cranks (located on
right hand and left hand side of deck) clockwise to
raise the Mower Deck and counter-clockwise to
lower the Mower Deck. Observe the height of cut
decal located on the side of the Mower Deck
mounting plates and move the height of cut pointers
in the same de-sired position. See Figure 3.17.
3. If pointers are in the correct position and you still
have an uneven cut, follow the instructions as listed
below to correct the problem:
A. Rotate outer Blades to point toward the sides of
the Mower Deck (make sure Mower is on level
surface).
B. Measure the distance from Blade tip to the
ground. Measure both outside Blades. This
measurement should be the same as what the
height of cut pointer reads on both sides.
C. If measurement is NOT the same, then bend both
height of cut pointers UP or DOWN to read the
same as Blade tip measurements.
POWER UNIT
SPACERS (4)
BLACK DOTS
REPRESENT
BOLT ANCHOR
CASTER
WHEEL
CUTTING
DECK
REAR
WHEEL
LOW CUT: 1-1/2” TO 2-1/2”
FIGURE 3.16B
SPACERS (3)
SPACER (1)
MIDDLE LOW CUT: 2-1/4” TO 31/4”
FIGURE 3.16C
CRANK
TURN CLOCKWISE TO
RAISE DECK
SPACER (1)
REAR
EDGE OF
CUTTING
DECK
SPACERS (3)
HEIGHT
OF CUT
DECAL
MIDDLE HIGH CUT: 3” TO 4”
HEIGHT OF CUT POINTER
(48”, 52”, & 61” Models)
FIGURE 3.16 (A,B,C)
FIGURE 3.17
14
MOWER DECK
MOUNTING
BRACKET
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
4. With cell caps removed, connect battery charger to
battery terminals. RED to positive (+) terminal and
BLACK to negative (-) terminal.
5. Slow charge battery at 1 amp for 10 hours. An
alternative fast charge should be no more than 2.5
amps for four hours.
6. If battery will not accept charge or is partially charged
after 10 hours of charging at 1 amp, replace with new
battery.
WARNING
Shield the positive terminal with terminal cover
located on battery harness. This prevents metal from
touching the positive terminal, which could cause
sparks. Cables must be connected to battery
terminals in the proper position. RED (Positive) cable
must go to the ( + ) terminal. BLACK (Negative) cable
must go to the ( - ) terminal.
WARNING
3.13 BATTERY REMOVAL
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove battery retainer.
Slide terminal cover away from positive terminal.
Observe and note cable positions on battery
Disconnect
cables
from
battery
terminals,
disconnecting BLACK (Negative) cable first, then
disconnect RED (Positive) last. Retain mounting bolts
and nuts.
The electrolyte (acid) produces a highly explosive
gas. Keep all sparks, flame and fire away from area
when charging battery or when handling electrolyte
or battery. Electrolyte (acid) is a highly corrosive
liquid. Wear eye protection. Wash affected areas
immediately after having eye or skin contact with
electrolyte (acid). Battery acid is corrosive. Rinse
empty acid containers with water and mutilate before
discarding. If acid is spilled on battery, bench, or
clothing, etc., Flush with clear water and neutralize
with baking soda.
3.14 BATTERY INSTALLATION
1. Position battery into battery compartment.
2. Connect cables to battery terminals. Connect RED
(Positive) cable first. Connect BLACK (Negative)
cable last.
3. Reinstall battery retainer and positive terminal cover.
3.15 BATTERY SERVICE
1. Remove battery.
2. Place battery in a well ventilated area on a level
surface.
3. Using distilled water, refill cells as required to cover
cell plates of which can also be seen through the
plastic battery case.
Methods of Checking Battery Condition
State of Charge
100% Charged w/ Sulfate Stop
100% Charged
75% Charged
50% Charged
25% Charged
0% Charged
Syringe Hydrometer
1.280
1.265
1.210
1.160
1.120
Less than 1.100
Digital Voltmeter
12.80v
12.60v
12.40v
12.10v
11.90v
Less than 11.80v
Five Ball Hydrometer
Five Balls Floating
Four Balls Floating
Three Balls Floating
Two Balls Floating
One Ball Floating
Zero Balls Floating
2. A hydrometer measures the specific gravity of each
cell. The specific gravity tells the degree of charge;
generally, a specific gravity of about 1.265 to 1.280
indicates full charge. A reading of 1.230 to 1.260
indicates the battery should be charged before
testing. The chart on the next page shows the charge
level as measured by syringe float hydrometer, digital
voltmeter and five ball hydrometer.
3.16 BATTERY TESTING
There are two types of battery tests: Unloaded and
Loaded. The unloaded test is the procedure that will be
discussed. It’s the simplest and most commonly used.
An unloaded test is made on a battery without
discharging current. To perform unloaded testing, check
charge condition using either a hydrometer or voltmeter.
1. Using a voltmeter, voltage readings appear instantly
to show the state of charge. Remember to hook the
positive lead to the battery’s positive terminal, and the
negative lead to the negative terminal.
14
SECTION 3 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.17 NEW BATTERY PREPARATION
1. Remove battery from carton.
2. Place battery in a well ventilated area on a level nonconcrete surface.
3. Remove battery cell caps. Fill cells as required with
electrolyte (purchased separately) to proper level. Fill
to 3/16” above cell plates. Filling battery with
electrolyte will bring the battery to 80% charged state.
4. With cell caps removed, connect battery charger to
battery terminals; RED to positive (+) and BLACK to
negative (-) terminal.
IMPORTANT: 3/16” above cell plates is the recommended
level. However do not try to measure this dimension. Never
place anything in battery other than specified electrolyte.
WARNING
DO NOT OVERFILL!
WARNING
Never attempt to service or charge the battery while
it is installed in the machine. Never use “BOOST”
chargers on the battery.
5. Slow charge the battery at 1 amp for 2 hours to bring
the battery to full charge.
6. After charging, check level of electrolyte and add as
needed to bring level to 3/16” above cell plates.
7. Reinstall cell caps.
8. Install battery into power unit.
9. Connect positive (+) cable (red) first, from wiring
harness to the positive terminal (+) on battery using
bolt and nut provided in hardware bag. Connect
negative (-) cable (black) last, to negative
terminal (-) on battery using bolt and nut. Apply a
small amount of grease over terminals to prevent
corrosion.
10. Install battery retainer and positive terminal cover.
WARNING
Shield the positive terminal with terminal cover
located on battery harness. This prevents metal from
touching the positive terminal, which could cause
sparks. Cables must be connected to battery
terminals in the proper position. RED (Positive) cable
must go to the ( + ) terminal. BLACK (Negative) cable
must go to the ( - ) terminal.
15
SECTION 4 - SERVICE TABLE OF CONTENTS
ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING................................................................................................... 17
MOWER TROUBLESHOOTING .................................................................................................. 18
HYDRO TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................... 20
SERVICE & LUBRICATION CHART ........................................................................................... 18 & 22
ELECTRIC CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT........................................................................................... 19
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ADJUSTMENTS & SERVICE................................................................. 19 - 20
General Hydraulic Servicing................................................................................................ 19
Pump/Motor Replacement ................................................................................................... 19
Hydraulic Pump Removal .................................................................................................... 19 - 20
Hydraulic Pump Belt Installation ........................................................................................ 20
Replacement Parts ............................................................................................................... 20 & 22
MOWER SPEED CONTROL RANGES ....................................................................................... 20
MOWER ATTACHMENT SERVICE ............................................................................................. 21-23
36” CUTTING DECK
Cutting Deck Belt Removal ................................................................................................. 21
Cutting Deck Belt Installation ............................................................................................. 21
48”, 52”, & 61” CUTTING DECK
Cutting Deck Belt Removal ................................................................................................. 21
Cutting Deck Belt Installation ............................................................................................. 21
Cutting Deck Spindle Belt Removal ................................................................................... 21
Cutting Deck Spindle Belt Installation ............................................................................... 23
CUTTING BLADE SERVICE
General Inspection ............................................................................................................... 23
Blade Removal...................................................................................................................... 23
Blade Sharpening ................................................................................................................. 23
Blade Balancing.................................................................................................................... 23
Blade Installation.................................................................................................................. 23
16
SECTION 4 - ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING
SYMPTOM PROBLEM
SOLUTION
PAGE
Engine
does not
start..
Key OFF.
Fuel Tank empty.
Fuel Shut-Off Closed.
Engine Throttle Control not at FAST
(Rabbit) position.
Choke NOT closed.
Spark Plug Wire loose or disconnected.
Blade Clutch Switch in ON position.
Spark Plug bad.
Dirty Air Filter.
Traction Controls not Latched in Neutral.
Turn Key to Run.
Fill Fuel Tank.
Open Fuel Shut-Off.
Put Engine Throttle Control to FAST (Rabbit)
position.
Put Throttle Control in CHOKE position.
Connect Spark Plug Wire.
Pull Blade Clutch Lever to OFF position.
Install new Spark Plug.
Clean Air Filter.
Move Traction Controls to NEUTRAL &
Engage Neutral Latch Lever
8
7
8
Engine
Starts Hard
or Loses
Power.
Dirt or water Fuel Tank.
Air Filter dirty.
Spark Plug not gapped correctly.
Spark Plug bad.
Drain and clean Fuel Tank, fill with fresh
Fuel.
Clean or install new Air Filter.
Check and set Spark Plug gap.
Install new Spark Plug.
Engine
Runs
Erratically.
Spark Plug bad.
Spark Plug not gapped correctly.
Fuel Filter plugged or dirty.
Install new Spark Plug.
Check and gap spark plug gap.
Replace Fuel Filter.
(See Engine Manual)
(See Engine Manual)
Engine
Idles Poorly.
Dirty Air Filter.
Fuel Filter plugged
Clean or replace Filter.
Replace Fuel Filter.
(See Engine Manual)
Engine
Overheats.
Engine Oil low in Crankcase.
Cooling Fins & Flywheel Screen Clogged.
Add Oil.
Clean Fins & Screen
(See Engine Manual)
Machine
Vibrates
Excessive.
Blade Mounting Bolts loose.
Blade out of balance.
Engine Mounting Bolts loose.
Tighten Blade Mounting Bolts.
Sharpen and balance Blade.
Tighten Mounting Bolts.
12, 23
23
(See Engine Manual)
Engine
Dies.
Mowing grass too tall.
Mowing too fast.
Adjust cutting height.
Reduce travel speed.
17
8
8
(See Engine Manual)
6
(See Engine Manual)
(See Engine Manual)
8
7
(See Engine Manual)
(See Engine Manual)
(See Engine Manual)
12, 13
9
SECTION 4 - SERVICE & LUBRICATION CHART
TRACTION CONTROL LEVERS
Lubricate each with Pump Oiler
(hand held oil can).
CONTROLS & LINKAGES
Before each mowing period, coat all wear
points, hinge points and sliding parts with
medium duty oil.
INTERLOCK SWITCHES
Inspect switches for ease
of operation. DO NOT
LUBRICATE!
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER
(Not Illustrated)
Replace every 100
ENGINE
Change Oil Filter after first 5 hours of
operation. Change engine oil every 25
hours under normal conditions or daily
under extreme dusty conditions. Change
Filter every 50 hours of operation.
HYDRAULIC OIL
Use SAE 10W-30 Oil.
Clean AIR FILTER Foam Element
every 25 hours. Service PAPER
ELEMENT every 100 hours.
HYDRAULIC FILTER
Change Hydraulic Oil and Filter
after first 25 hours of operation.
Thereafter, change Hydraulic Oil
and Filter every 200 hours
(monthly).
REAR TIRES - Check tire
pressure before each mowing
period. Inflate to 12-15 psi.
CUTTER SHAFT
SPINDLES
Lubricate each with
two (2) SHOTS of
bearing grease
daily.
MOTOR HUBS - Lubricate
Motor Hubs with Anti-Seize
Compound when replacing
Wheel Hubs.
CUTTER DECK
BELT(S)
Check for cracks
or wear.
DEFLECTOR
Lubricate hinge
points as required.
FRONT WHEEL BUSHINGS
& CASTER SHAFTS
Lubricate with bearing grease
weekly.
HYDRAULIC HOSES & FITTINGS
Check daily for leaks, cracks, kinks,
and other signs of wear.
MOWER BLADES
Check for tightness every 25
hours of operation. Tighten
capscrews to 75 foot pounds.
MOWING DECK
At end of each mowing period,
remove grass and debris from
under mowing deck and above
rear SAFETY Shield.
FRONT TIRES
Check tire pressure before
each mowing period. Inflate to
25 psi.
FIGURE 4.1
18
SECTION 4 - SERVICE
2. Before removing parts from the Hydraulic System, check
to make sure another part of the machine is not causing
the problem. Look for:
A. Loose Drive Belt.
B. Improperly set or bad Idler Pulley.
C. Loose or lost setscrews and/or sheared Keys in
Pulleys.
D. Pump Release loose.
E. Oil saturated Drive Belts.
F. Loose Drive Arms on Pumps.
WARNING
Once blades are disengaged, they should come to a
complete stop in 7 seconds. If the blades continue
to rotate after 7 seconds, the electric clutch should
be checked. Replacement of electric clutch may be
necessary. Return machine to dealer for replacement.
DO NOT CONTINUE to operate mower if blades fail
to stop in 7 seconds.
4.1 ELECTRIC CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT
4.2.2. PUMP/MOTOR REPLACEMENT
1. Should it become necessary to replace a Pump or Motor,
it is recommended that the affected Pump or Motor be
replaced as a set (both Pump and Motor). Generally,
when a Pump or Motor is bad, it will affect the associated
Pump or Motor.
2. Relieve all pressure in the system and disconnect Spark
Plug(s). See Figure 4.3.
3. Replace the affected component(s).
The Pro Hydro Mowers are equipped with an Electric Blade
Control. The cutter blades should STOP within 7 seconds
after the BLADE SWITCH is moved to “OFF” position. If
blade stopping time exceeds 7 seconds, check the clutch air
gap setting as follows:
1. With the Ignition Switch moved to “STOP” and the Blade
Switch moved to “OFF”, locate the three air gap check
“SLOTS” as shown in Figure 4.2.
ADJUST AIR GAP TO
BE .010 TO .012.
TURN PRESSURE RELIEF
VALVE ON EACH PUMP
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE
TO RELEIVE SYSTEM
PRESSURE.
ADJUSTING NUT
LEFT HAND
PUMP
CLUTCH
RIGHT HAND
PUMP
FIGURE 4.2
FIGURE 4.3
2. Insert a feeler gauge into each of the three slots.
3. The clearance in each slot should be NO MORE than .010
to .012.
4. If adjustment is required, keep feeler gauge in slot and
turn the adjusting nut until the gap is correct.
5. Adjust all three slots.
4.2.3. HYDRAULIC PUMP REMOVAL
1. STOP ENGINE! Loosen and remove Nut from under the
Spring Tensioner for Hydraulic Belt Idler Tensioner.
Remove Spring from Bolt. See Figure 4.4.
HYDRAULIC
PUMP BELT
4.2 HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ADJUSTMENTS
& SERVICE
4.2.1. GENERAL HYDRAULIC SERVICING
1. The Hydraulic Oil and Filter should be changed as follows:
Change Oil and Filter after initial 25 hours of use.
Check Hydraulic Oil daily.
Thereafter, change Oil and Filter every 200 hours
(monthly).
Use SAE 10W-30 Oil for Hydraulic System. Always use a
genuine SNAPPER Filter.
BOLT
NOTE: Always clean the Cap and surrounding area before
checking Oil Level or adding Oil. The Hydraulic Oil Tank is
FULL when the Oil is 3” to 4” from the top of the filler neck as
shown in Figure 3 on Page 3.1.
SPRING TENSIONER
REMOVE NUT
FIGURE 4.4
19
SECTION 4 - SERVICE
4.2.3. HYDRAULIC PUMP REMOVAL (Continued)
2. Loosen Nut on Belt Guide at rear of Engine Pulley
and remove Cutter Deck Belt from Engine Pulley.
3. Remove Hydraulic Pump Belt.
4.3 MACHINE SPEED CONTROL RANGES
4.3.1. TO CHANGE MACHINE SPEED RANGES
1. Move Traction Control Levers and Neutral Latch
Lever into neutral.
2. Turn Key to STOP position and remove Key from
Ignition Switch.
3. Remove Hairpins from Swivels on Traction Control
Arms on Right and Left Hand side.
4. Push Swivel out from each Traction Control Arm and
insert Swivel into newly selected speed range. (No
adjustment should be necessary to maintain neutral
setting after changing speed range.)
5. Start the Engine and resume using the Machine at the
newly selected speed range. See Figure 4.5.
4.2.4. HYDRAULIC PUMP BELT INSTALLATION
1. STOP ENGINE! Place Hydraulic Belt on Engine and
Pump Pulleys.
2. Attach Idler Spring to Bolt and reattach Nut to Bolt.
3. Place Cutter Deck Belt on Engine Pulley.
4.2.5. REPLACEMENT PARTS
To retain the quality of your Machine, use genuine
SNAPPER replacement parts only. Contact your local
SNAPPER Dealer for parts and service and service
assistance. For the correct part or information for your
Machine, always mention Model and Serial Number of
Power Unit and mower Attachment. We recommend
returning your Machine to an authorized SNAPPER
Dealer on a yearly basis for inspection and addition of
any new devices which might upgrade the performance
and SAFETY of your Machine.
For the nearest
SNAPPER Dealer, check the yellow pages under the
heading, LAWN MOWERS. For Engine Parts and
Service, look for the Engine Manufacturer’s Dealers
under the heading, ENGINES - GASOLINE.
WARNING
Before performing service on machine, turn Ignition
Key to STOP, close fuel shut-off valve, and allow
engine to cool. Disconnect spark plug(s) if machine
is to be raised or tilted. Make sure to secure machine
in place to prevent it from falling.
HIGH SPEED
0 - 6 MPH
NOTE: All Mid-Size Machines should be tilted with
Engine Carburetor side UP.
MEDIUM SPEED
0 - 4.2 MPH
SWIVEL
LOW SPEED
0 - 2.5 MPH
TRACTION
CONTROL
ROD
SELF LOCK
COTTER PIN
TRACTION CONTROL ARM
FIGURE 4.5
20
SECTION 4 - MOWER ATTACHMENT SERVICE
4.4 CUTTER DECK BELT REMOVAL &
INSTALLATION
RIGHT
HAND
SPINDLE
PULLEY
4.4.1. 36” CUTTING DECK BELT REMOVAL
1. Move Mower onto a smooth, level surface. Turn
Ignition Key to STOP position, remove Key,
disconnect Spark Plug Wire and secure Wire away
from Spark Plug.
2. Remove Mower deck belt cover.
3. Remove Idler Tension Spring and swing Idler away
from belt.
4. Remove old belt from Spindle Pulleys and Electric
Clutch Pulley. See Figure 4.6.
REMOVE
BELT
REMOVE BELT
LEFT
HAND
SPINDLE
PULLEY
IDLER
PULLEY
RIGHT HAND
IDLER TENSION
SPRING
ELECTRIC CLUTCH
ELECTRIC
CLUTCH
CENTER SPINDLE
PULLEY
FIGURE 4.7
IDLER
PULLEY
2. Route new belt around right and left hand Spindle
Pulleys as shown in Figure 4.7.
3. Move Idler against belt and reattach right hand Idler
Tension Spring.
IDLER
TENSION
SPRING
4.4.5. SPINDLE TO SPINDLE DECK BELT REMOVAL
- 48”, 52”, & 61” CUTTING DECKS
1. Move Mower onto a smooth, level surface. Turn
Ignition Key to STOP position, remove Key,
disconnect Spark Plug Wire and secure Wire away
from Spark Plug.
2. Remove Mower deck belt cover.
3. Remove right hand Idler Spring and swing Idler away
from belt.
4. Remove old belt from center and right hand Spindle
Pulleys. Refer to Figure 4.7.
5. Remove Left hand Idler Spring and swing Idler away
from belt.
6. Remove old belt from left hand Spindle Pulley and
center Pulley bottom groove. See Figure 4.8.
SPINDLE
PULLEYS
FIGURE 4.6
4.4.2. 36” CUTTING DECK BELT INSTALLATION
1. Route new belt to Electric Clutch Pulley.
2. Route new belt around Spindle Pulleys as shown in
Figure 4.6.
3. Move Idler against belt and reattach Idler Tension
Spring.
IDLER
PULLEY
4.4.3.
48”, 52”, & 61” CUTTING DECK BELT
REMOVAL
1. Move Mower onto a smooth, level surface. Turn
Ignition Key to STOP position, remove Key,
disconnect Spark Plug Wire and secure Wire away
from Spark Plug.
2. Remove Mower deck belt cover.
3. Remove right hand Idler Tension Spring and swing
Idler away from belt. See Figure 4.7.
LEFT SPINDLE
PULLEY
REMOVE
BELT
SPINDLE
PULLEY
(CENTER)
LEFT
HAND
IDLER
TENSION
SPRING
4.4.4.
48”, 52”, & 61” CUTTING DECK
BELT INSTALLATION
1. Route new belt for 48” cutting deck, for 52” cutting
deck, and for 61” cutting decks, to Electric Clutch
Pulley.
FIGURE 4.8
21
SECTION 4 - SERVICE & LUBRICATION
HOURS
PROCEDURE
BREAK-IN
Check all fasteners for proper tightness
Change Engine Oil and Filter at 5 hours .............................. See engine manual
Change Hydraulic Oil and Filter at 25 hours ........................ Use SAE 10W-30
Check/Change Engine Oil ................................................... Change oil if extreme dusty conditions
Clean Air Filter...................................................................... More often if needed
Clean Blower screen ............................................................ More often if needed
Remove Debris from under Belt Cover ................................ More often if needed
Sharpen Cutter Blades ......................................................... Tighten Cap Screw to 70 - 80 ft. lbs.
Grease Cutter Spindle Bearings........................................... Use Chevron SRI Grease or equal
Check Hydraulic Reservoir................................................... Add oil if needed
Check Tire Pressure ............................................................ Add or adjust as Required
Check Safety Interlock System ............................................ Inspect Switches for ease of Operation
Lube Traction (Drive) Levers................................................ Oil - Medium Duty
Inspect Traction Lock for Wear ............................................ Replace if Worn
Lubricate Switch Balls at Pumps .......................................... General Purpose Grease
Change Engine Oil ............................................................... More often if needed
Replace Air Filter.................................................................. More often if needed
Grease Caster Wheel Bearings ........................................... General Purpose Grease
Grease Caster Wheel Pivot.................................................. General Purpose Grease
Grease Idler Arm Pivots ....................................................... General Purpose Grease
Fuel Filter ............................................................................. Replace with Snapper P/N 1-4359
Check all Fasteners for Proper tightness ............................. See Torque Specifications
Change Engine Oil Filter ...................................................... See Engine Manual
Clean and Adjust Spark Plugs ............................................. See Engine Manual
Check Belt Tension
Lube Controls and Linkages ................................................ Use Medium Duty Oil
Change Hydraulic Oil and Filter ........................................... Use SAE 10W-30 Oil
8 HOURS
(Daily)
40 HOURS
(Weekly)
200 HOURS
(Monthly)
COMMENTS
GREASE
DAILY
GREASE ZERK LOCATION
1 on the Hydro Pump Belt Idler Arm Pivot
1 on each Spindle Housing (Total of 2 on 36” Deck & 3 on 48”, 52”, 48”, & 61” Decks)
1 on each Idler Arm Pivot (Total of 1 on 36” Deck & 2 on 48”, 52”, 48”, & 61” Decks)
1 on each Caster Support Arm (Total of 2)
1 on each Caster Wheel (Total of 2)
X
X
X
X
MAINTENANCE/REPLACEMENT PARTS
MAINTENANCE PARTS
36” Cutter Blade (Requires Two Blades)
48” Cutter Blade (Requires Three Blades)
52” Cutter Blade (Requires Three Blades)
61” Cutter Blade (Requires Three Blades)
36” Deck Engine to Cutting Deck Belt
48” Deck Engine to Cutting Deck Belt
48” Deck Spindle to Spindle Belt
52” Deck Engine to Cutting Deck Belt
52” Deck Spindle to Spindle Belt
61” Deck Engine to Cutting Deck Belt
61” Deck Spindle to Spindle Belt
Parts Manual for Pro Hydro Series 0
22
GREASE
WEEKLY
X
2-9246
2-9247
2-9246
2-9251
2-9255
2-9262
2-9261
2-9267
2-9266
2-9269
2-9268
06926
SECTION 4 - MOWER ATTACHMENT SERVICE
4. Refer to the STANDARD REPLACEMENT BLADES
chart above for correct SNAPPER replacement
Blades.
5. Should Blades be in acceptable condition, sharpen
at 22 to 28 degrees. See Figure 4.10.
4.4.6. SPINDLE
TO
SPINDLE
DECK
BELT
INSTALLATION - 48”, 52”, & 61” CUTTING DECKS
1. Route new belt for 48” cutting deck, 52” cutting deck,
and 61” cutting decks, onto bottom groove of center
Spindle Pulley and left hand Spindle Pulley. Refer to
Figure 4.8.
2. Install cutting deck belt according to CUTTING
DECK BELT INSTALLATION.
4.5 CUTTING BLADE SERVICE
BLADE
HEAVY END
OF BLADE
22º to 28º
Check Blades at frequent intervals to insure they are
securely tightened and in good condition. Replace if
chipped, bent, or notched. See Figure 4.9 for Blade
wear limits.
BLADE TIP
1/64”
NEW BLADE
ORIGINAL CUTTING EDGE
FIGURE 4.10
NOTE: When sharpening Blades, leave 1/64” untouched.
Razor sharp Blades will chip easily and dull quickly.
Commercial balancers are available and should be used in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
WEAR LIMIT
(NOTCH STARTS)
6. Balance each Blade after sharpening by grinding
metal from the heavy end of the blade.
7. Place the Blade mounting bolt into Blade and place
Blade spacers over bolt. Make certain each blade is
installed with the same amount of spacers removed.
8. Install Blade mounting bolt with spacers and blade
into spindle.
9. Install an equal amount of Blade spacers onto each
Blade mounting bolt.
10. Install the Blade mounting nut on each Blade
mounting bolt. See Figure 4.11.
11. Torque each Blade mounting bolt and nut to 70 - 80
foot-pounds.
DANGEROUS CONDITION!
DO NOT USE ON MOWER!
REPLACE WITH NEW
BLADE.
FIGURE 4.9
1. Use the following chart for ordering replacement
Blades for the 36”, 48”, 52” and 61” cutting decks.
STANDARD BLADE REPLACEMENT
36” DECK
48” DECK
52” DECK
61” DECK
2-9246
2-9247
2-9246
2-9251
AIR LIFT
HEIGHT
ADJUSTING
SPACERS
4.5.1. BLADE REMOVAL AND SHARPENING
1. Move the Mower to a smooth, level surface, turn the
Ignition Key to STOP position, remove Key,
disconnect Spark Plug Wire from Spark Plug and
secure Wire away from Plug.
2. Remove Blades.
BLADE
BEVELED
WASHER
WARNING
Take NOTE of the number of Blade Spacers that
are under the Blade Mounting Nuts and on the
Spindle side of the Blade.
MOUNTING
BOLT
3. Clean and inspect each Blade for excessive wear
and damage. Refer to Figure 4.9 for Blade wear
limits.
TIGHTEN TO 70-80
FOOT POUNDS
FIGURE 4.11
23
1 YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
For one (1) year from purchase date for the original purchaser's use, SNAPPER, through any authorized
SNAPPER dealer will replace, free of charge (except for taxes where applicable), any part or parts found upon
examination by the factory at McDonough, Georgia, to be defective in material or workmanship or both.
®
SNAPPER FIELD SERVICEABLE SPINDLES and their components used on SNAPPER PRO Mid Size walks
®
and SNAPPERZRIDER ride on commercial equipment have a three (3) year limited warranty against defects
in material or workmanship or both.
All transportation costs incurred by the purchaser in submitting material to an authorized SNAPPER dealer for
replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser.
This warranty does not apply to engines and their components, and batteries, as these items are warranted
separately. This warranty does not apply to parts that have been damaged by accident, alteration, abuse,
improper lubrication, normal wear, or other cause beyond the control of SNAPPER. This warranty does not
cover any machine or component that has been altered or modified, changing safety, performance, or durability.
Batteries have a one (1) year prorated warranty period with free replacement if required during the first ninety
(90) days from the original purchase date. SNAPPER will not be responsible for any installation cost incurred.
The battery warranty only covers original equipment batteries and does not cover damage to the battery or
machine caused by neglect or abuse, destruction by fire, explosion, freezing, overcharging, improper
maintenance, or use of improper electrolyte.
There is no other express warranty.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
Implied warranties, including those of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are limited to
one (1) year from purchase date for the original purchaser's use, and up to the extent permitted by law
and all implied warranties are excluded. This is the exclusive remedy. Liabilities for consequential
damages, under any and all warranties are excluded.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may
not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
WARNING: THE USE OF REPLACEMENT PARTS OTHER THAN GENUINE SNAPPER PARTS MAY
IMPAIR THE SAFETY OF SNAPPER PRODUCTS AND WILL VOID ANY LIABILITY AND WARRANTY BY
SNAPPER ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF SUCH PARTS.
IMPORTANT: Please fill out the attached SNAPPER Product Registration Card immediately and mail to:
Snapper’s Product Registration Center, P.O. Box 1379, McDonough, Georgia. 30253
24
PRIMARY MAINTENANCE
25
PRIMARY MAINTENANCE
26
PRIMARY MAINTENANCE
27
PRIMARY MAINTENANCE
28
SERVICE NOTES
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29
Safety Instructions & Operator’s Manual for
PRO HYDRO MID-SIZE WALK
BEHIND MOWERS SERIES 0
WARNING:
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
COPYRIGHT © 1999
SNAPPER INC.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
MANUAL No. 4-3799 (REV. 2, 5/17/99)
30