OWNER'S MANUAL MODEL NO. HDF550N 5.5 HP 26 Inch Tiller • Assembly • Operation • Maintenance • Service and Adjustments • Storage • Troubleshooting • Repair Parts For Parts and Service, contact our authorized distributor: call 1-800-849-1297 For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886 189773 12.17.03 TR PRINTED IN U.S.A. SAFETY RULES Safe Operation Practices for Walk-Behind Powered Rotary Tillers TRAINING • • • • • Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. Be thoroughly familiar with the controls and the proper use of the equipment. Know how to stop the unit and disengage the controls quickly. Never allow children to operate the equipment. Never allow adults to operate the equipment without proper instruction. Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly small children, and pets. • • • • • PREPARATION • • • • • • • • • • Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to be used and remove all foreign objects. Disengage all clutches and shift into neutral before starting the engine (motor). Do not operate the equipment without wearing adequate outer garments. Wear footwear that will improve footing on slippery surfaces. Handle fuel with care; it is highly flammable. Use an approved fuel container. Never add fuel to a running engine or hot engine. Fill fuel tank outdoors with extreme care. Never fill fuel tank indoors. Replace gasoline cap securely and clean up spilled fuel before restarting. Use extension cords and receptacles as specified by the manufacturer for all units with electric drive motors or electric starting motors. Never attempt to make any adjustments while the engine (motor) is running (except where specifically recommended by manufacturer). MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE • • • • • • • • • • • • Keep machine, attachments, and accessories in safe working condition. Check shear pins, engine mounting bolts, and other bolts at frequent intervals for proper tightness to be sure the equipment is in safe working condition. Never store the machine with fuel in the fuel tank inside a building where ignition sources are present, such as hot water and space heaters, clothes dryers, and the like. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any enclosure. Always refer to the operator’s guide instructions for impor tant details if the tiller is to be stored for an extended period. - IMPORTANT CAUTIONS, IMPORTANTS, AND NOTES ARE A MEANS OF ATTRACTING ATTENTION TO IMPORTANT OR CRITICAL INFORMATION IN THIS MANUAL. IMPORTANT: USED TO ALERT YOU THAT THERE IS A POSSIBILITY OF DAMAGING THIS EQUIPMENT. OPERATION • • Keep children and pets away. Do not overload the machine capacity by attempting to till too deep at too fast a rate. Never operate the machine at high speeds on slippery surfaces. Look behind and use care when backing. Never allow bystanders near the unit. Use only attachments and accessories approved by the manufacturer of the tiller. Never operate the tiller without good visibility or light. Be careful when tilling in hard ground. The tines may catch in the ground and propel the tiller forward. If this occurs, let go of the handlebars and do not restrain the machine. Do not put hands or feet near or under rotating parts. Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel drives, walks, or roads. Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic. Do not carry passengers. After striking a foreign object, stop the engine (motor), remove the wire from the spark plug, thoroughly inspect the tiller for any damage, and repair the damage before restarting and operating the tiller. Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling. If the unit should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the engine (motor) and check immediately for the cause. Vibration is generally a warning of trouble. Stop the engine (motor) when leaving the operating position. Take all possible precautions when leaving the machine unattended. Disengage the tines, shift into neutral, and stop the engine. Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, shut off the engine and make certain all moving parts have stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire, and keep the wire away from the plug to prevent accidental starting. Disconnect the cord on electric motors. Do not run the engine indoors; exhaust fumes are dangerous. Never operate the tiller without proper guards, plates, or other safety protective devices in place. NOTE: Gives essential information that will aid you to better understand, incorporate, or execute a particular set of instructions. Look for this symbol to point out important safety precautions. It means CAUTION!!! BECOME ALERT!!! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED. CAUTION: Always disconnect spark plug wire and place wire where it cannot contact spark plug in order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs. WARNING The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm. 2 CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS Gasoline Capacity: Oil (API-SF-SJ): (Capacity: 20 oz./0.6L) Spark Plug: (Gap: .030"/0.76mm) • • 3 Quarts (2.8L) Unleaded Regular SAE 30 (Above 32°F/0°C) • SAE 5w-30(Below 32°F/0°C) Read and observe the safety rules. Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tiller. Follow instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this Owner’s Manual. IMPORTANT: THIS UNIT IS EQUIPPED WITH AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND SHOULD NOT BE USED ON OR NEAR ANY UNIMPROVED FOREST-COVERED, BRUSHCOVERED OR GRASS COVERED LAND UNLESS THE ENGINE'S EXHAUST SYSTEM IS EQUIPPED WITH A SPARK ARRESTER MEETING APPLICABLE LOCAL LAWS (IF ANY). IF A SPARK ARRESTER IS USED, IT SHOULD BE MAINTAINED IN EFFECTIVE WORKING ORDER BY THE OPERATOR. IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, A SPARK ARRESTER IS REQUIRED BY LAW (SECTION 4442 OF THE CALIFORNIA PUBLIC RESOURCES CODE). OTHER STATES MAY HAVE SIMILAR LAWS. FEDERAL LAWS APPLY ON FEDERAL LANDS. SEE YOUR AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/DEPARTMENT FOR SPARK ARRESTER. Champion RC12YC CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tiller. It has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give you the best possible dependability and performance. Should you experience any problems you cannot easily remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service center. We have competent, well-trained technicians and the proper tools to service or repair this unit. Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will enable you to assemble and maintain your tiller properly. Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”. TABLE OF CONTENTS MAINTENANCE ..................................................... 10-12 SERVICE & ADJUSTMENTS ................................. 13-15 STORAGE .................................................................... 16 TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................. 17 REPAIR PARTS-TILLER......................................... 18-23 WARRANTY................................................................. 24 SAFETY RULES ............................................................ 2 PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 3 CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES................................. 3 ASSEMBLY ................................................................. 4-5 OPERATION ............................................................... 6-9 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ...................................... 10 3 ASSEMBLY Your new tiller has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tiller all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness. TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY FRONT overhead_views_8 A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard wrench sizes are listed. (1) Utility knife (1) Screwdriver (2) 1/2" wrenches LEFT RIGHT OPERATOR’S POSITION (See Fig. 1) When right or left hand is mentioned in this manual, it means when you are in the operating position (standing behind tiller handles). OPERATOR'S POSITION FIG. 1 CONTENTS OF HARDWARE PACK (2) Hex Bolts 5/16-18 x 3/4 (2) Hex Bolts 5/16-18 x 1-1/4 (2) Hex Bolts 5/16-18 x 1 (6) Lock Washers 5/16 4 (4) Washers 3/8 x 7/8 x 14 (6) Hex Nuts 5/16-18 ASSEMBLY UNPACK CARTON & INSTALL HANDLE (See Fig. 2) INSTALL DEPTH STAKE ASSEMBLY (See Fig. 3) • • CAUTION: Be careful of exposed staples when handling or disposing of cartoning material. • IMPORTANT: WHEN UNPACKING AND AS SEM BLING TILLER, BE CAREFUL NOT TO STRETCH OR KINK CABLE(S). • • NUT LOCK WASHER de pt ENGINE BRACKET HALVES NUT “A” h_ sta ke _ 4 SUPPORT BOLT TILLER HANDLE HANDLE PANEL HEX BOLTS, LOCK WASHERS, AND HEX NUTS 38 s_ dle n ha HEX BOLT 5/16-18X1" HEX BOLT 5/16-18X3/4" FLAT WASHER STAKE SPRING FIG. 3 HANDLE HEIGHT • CABLE(S) Handle height may be adjusted to better suit operator. (See “HANDLE HEIGHT” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual). TILLING WIDTH HANDLE PANEL BOLTS TILLER HANDLES DEPTH STAKE DEPTH STAKE SUPPORT 1 • Cut cable ties securing handles. Slowly lift handle assembly up, route cable(s) as shown and align handle holes with handle panel hole and slot. Loosely assemble hardware as shown. Be sure the shorter (3/4" long) hex bolt is assembled in lower hole of handle. Repeat for opposite side. Tighten all hardware securely. Cut cable ties securing tiller to skid and remove tiller from skid. Remove screws securing depth stake to skid and discard the screws. 0205 • • • Loosen nut “A”. Insert stake support between engine bracket halves with stake spring down. Bolt stake support to engine brackets with bolts, lock washers and nuts. Tighten securely. Tighten nut “A”. Depth stake must move freely. If it does not, loosen support bolt. • Tilling width may be adjusted to better handle your tilling conditions (See “TINE ARRANGEMENT” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual). TINE OPERATION • FIG. 2 5 Check tine operation before first use. (See “TINE OPERATION CHECK” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual). OPERATION KNOW YOUR TILLER READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TILLER. Compare the illustrations with your tiller to familiarize yourself with the location of various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference. These symbols may appear on your Tiller or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning. REVERSE TINE CONTROL FORWARD TINE CONTROL CHOKE CONTROL THROTTLE CONTROL DEPTH STAKE TINE SHIELD RECOIL STARTER HANDLE TINES FIG. 4 MEETS ANSI SAFETY REQUIREMENTS Our tillers conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute. CHOKE CONTROL - Used when starting a cold engine. DEPTH STAKE - Controls forward speed and the depth at which the tiller will dig. RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Used to start the engine. FORWARD TINE CONTROL - Engages tines in forward direction. REVERSE TINE CONTROL - Engages tines in reverse direction. THROTTLE CONTROL - Controls engine speed. 6 OPERATION The operation of any tiller can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields before starting your tiller and while tilling. We recommend a wide vision safety mask for over spectacles or standard safety glasses. HOW TO USE YOUR TILLER TILLING Know how to operate all controls before adding fuel and oil or attempting to start engine. The speed and depth of tilling is regulated by the position of the depth stake and wheel height. The depth stake should always be below the wheels for digging. It serves as a brake to slow the tiller’s forward motion to enable the tines to penetrate the ground. Also, the more the depth stake is lowered into the ground the deeper the tines will dig. STOPPING (See Fig. 5) TINES • Release forward tine control to stop forward movement. • Release reverse tine control to stop reverse movement. DEPTH STAKE (See Fig. 6) Adjust depth stake by removing the hairpin clip and clevis pin. Change depth stake to desired position. Replace the clevis pin and hairpin clip. • For normal tilling, set depth stake at the second or third hole from the top. ENGINE • Move throttle control to “STOP” position. • Never use choke to stop engine. WHEELS (See Fig. 6) Adjust wheels by removing the hairpin clip and clevis pin. Change wheel position. Replace the hairpin clip and clevis pin. • For normal tilling, set wheels at the second or third hole from the top. FORWARD TINE CONTROL IN “OFF” (UP) POSITION REVERSE CONTROL de pt FORWARD TINE CONTROL IN “ON” (DOWN) POSITION HAIRPIN CLIP AND CLEVIS PIN h_ sta ke _ han dle s_9 4 4 THROTTLE CONTROL DEPTH STAKE STAKE SPRING CHOKE CONTROL WHEEL eng ine _ar t_7 1 FIG. 6 FIG. 5 TINE OPERATION (See Fig. 5) FORWARD • Squeeze forward tine control to handle. REVERSE • With forward tine control “OFF” (up) position, pull back and hold reverse tine control. 7 OPERATION TO TRANSPORT CAUTION: Fill to within 1/2 inch of top of fuel tank to prevent spills and to allow for fuel expansion. If gasoline is accidentally spilled, move machine away from area of spill. Avoid creating any source of ignition until gasoline vapors have disappeared. Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline near an open flame. CAUTION: Before lifting or transporting, allow tiller engine and muffler to cool. Disconnect spark plug wire. Drain gasoline from fuel tank. AROUND THE YARD • Tip depth stake forward until it is held by the stake spring. • Push tiller handles down, raising tines off the ground. • Push or pull tiller to desired location. IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES BELOW32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE GAS O LINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER STARTING. AROUND TOWN • Disconnect spark plug wire. • Drain fuel tank. • Transport in upright position to prevent oil leakage. CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine problems, the fuel system should be emptied before storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next season. See Storage Instructions for additional information. Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur. BEFORE STARTING ENGINE IMPORTANT: BE VERY CAREFUL NOT TO ALLOW DIRT TO ENTER THE ENGINE WHEN CHECKING OR ADDING OIL OR FUEL. USE CLEAN OIL AND FUEL AND STORE IN APPROVED, CLEAN, COVERED CONTAINERS. USE CLEAN FILL FUNNELS. FILL ENGINE WITH OIL (See Fig. 7) • • • • • • With engine level, remove engine oil filler plug. Fill engine with oil to point of overflowing. For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” on page 3 of this manual. Tilt tiller back on its wheels and then re-level. With engine level, refill to point of overflowing if necessary. Replace oil filler plug. For cold weather operation you should change oil for easier starting (See “OIL VISCOSITY CHART” in the Maintenance section of this manual). To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section of this manual. TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 8) CAUTION: Keep drive control bar in “DISENGAGED” position when starting engine. When starting engine for the first time or if engine has run out of fuel, it will take extra pulls of the recoil starter to move fuel from the tank to the engine. • Make sure spark plug wire is properly connected. • Move shift lever indicator to “N” (neutral) position. • Place throttle control in “FAST” position. • Turn fuel shut-off valve 1/4 turn to open position. • Move choke control to choke position. • Grasp recoil starter handle with one hand and grasp tiller handle with other hand. Pull rope out slowly until engine reaches start of compression cycle (rope will pull slightly harder at this point). • Pull recoil starter handle quickly. Do not let starter handle snap back against starter. • If engine fires but does not start, move choke control to half choke position. Pull recoil starter handle until engine starts. • When engine starts, slowly move choke control to "RUN" position as engine warms up. NOTE: A warm engine requires less choking to start. • Move throttle control to desired running position. • Allow engine to warm up for a few minutes before engaging tines. OIL LEVEL t_4 _ar ine eng OIL FILLER PLUG FIG. 7 ADD GASOLINE • Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used within 30 days to assure fuel freshness. 8 OPERATION NOTE: If at a high altitude (3000 feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32°F), the carburetor fuel mixture may need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See "TO ADJUST CARBURETOR" in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. NOTE: If engine does not start, see troubleshooting points. • SPARK PLUG • THROTTLE CONTROL CHOKE CONTROL • RECOIL STARTER HANDLE eng in e_a rt_ 71 Soil conditions are important for proper tilling. Tines will not readily penetrate dry, hard soil which may contribute to excessive bounce and difficult handling of your tiller. Hard soil should be moistened before tilling; however, extremely wet soil will “ball-up” or clump during tilling. Wait until the soil is less wet in order to achieve the best results. When tilling in the fall, remove vines and long grass to prevent them from wrapping around the tine shaft and slowing your tilling operation. You will find tilling much easier if you leave a row untilled between passes. Then go back between tilled rows. (See Fig. 9) There are two reasons for doing this. First, wide turns are much easier to negotiate than about-faces. Second, the tiller won’t be pulling itself, and you, toward the row next to it. Set depth stake and wheel height for shallow tilling when working extremely hard soil or sod. Then work across the first cuts at normal depth. FIG. 8 BREAKING IN YOUR TILLER Break-in your belt(s), pulleys and tine control before you actually begin tilling. • Start engine, tip tines off ground by pressing handles down and engage tine control to start tine rotation. Allow tines to rotate for five minutes. • Check tine operation and adjust if necessary. See “TINE OPERATION CHECK” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. 3 4 5 TILLING HINTS 2 6 1 7 FIG. 9 CAUTION: Until you are accustomed to handling your tiller, start actual field use with throttle in slow position. CULTIVATING Cultivating is destroying the weeds between rows to prevent them from robbing nourishment and moisture from the plants. At the same time, breaking up the upper layer of soil crust will help retain moisture in the soil. Best digging depth is 1"-3". • You will probably not need to use the depth stake. Begin by tipping the depth stake forward until it is held by the stake spring. • Cultivate up and down the rows at a speed which will allow tines to uproot weeds and leave the ground in rough condition, promoting no fur ther growth of weeds and grass (See Fig. 10). To help tiller move forward, lift up the handles slightly (thus lifting depth stake out of ground). To slow down the tiller, press down on handles. If you are straining or tiller is shaking, the wheels and depth stake are not set properly in the soil being tilled. The proper setting of the wheels and depth stake is through trial and error and depends upon the soil condition. (The harder or wetter the ground, the slower the engine and tine speed needed. Under these poor conditions, at fast speed the tiller will run and jump over the ground). A properly adjusted tiller will dig with little effort from the operator. • Tilling is digging into, turning over, and breaking up packed soil before planting. Loose, unpacked soil helps root growth. Best tilling depth is 4"-6". A tiller will also clear the soil of unwanted vegetation.The decomposition of this vegetable matter enriches the soil. Depending on the climate (rainfall and wind), it may be advisable to till the soil at the end of the growing season to further condition the soil. FIG. 10 9 FILL IN DATES AS YOU COMPLETE REGULAR SERVICE BE FO R MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE EE EV AC ER HU Y5 SE HO EV ER UR Y2 S 5H EV O ER UR Y5 S 0H OU RS MAINTENANCE SERVICE DATES Check Engine Oil Level Change Engine Oil Oil Pivot Points Inspect Spark Arrester / Muffler Inspect Air Screen Clean or Replace Air Cleaner Cartridge 2 Clean Engine Cylinder Fins Replace Spark Plug 1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures. 2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions. LUBRICATION CHART GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS c TINE CONTROL The warranty on this tiller does not cover items that have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive full value from the warranty, the operator must maintain tiller as instructed in this manual. Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to properly maintain your tiller. At least once a season, check to see if you should make any of the adjustments described in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual. • Once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean or replace air filter, and check tines and belts for wear. A new spark plug and clean air filter assure proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better and last longer. d ENGINE BEFORE EACH USE • • • Check engine oil level. Check tine operation. Check for loose fasteners. c IDLER LUBRICATION ARM cSAE 30 OR 10W-30 MOTOR OIL dREFER TO MAINTENANCE “ENGINE” SECTION Keep unit well lubricated (See “LUBRICATION CHART”). 10 MAINTENANCE Disconnect spark plug wire before performing any maintenance (except carburetor adjustment) to prevent accidental starting of engine. Prevent fires! Keep the engine free of grass, leaves, spilled oil, or fuel. Remove fuel from tank before tipping unit for maintenance. Clean muffler area of all grass, dirt, and debris. Do not touch hot muffler or cylinder fins as contact may cause burns. ENGINE LUBRICATION engine_ar t_12 OIL DRAIN PLUG Use only high quality detergent oil rated with API service classification SF-SJ. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade according to your expected temperature. OIL LEVEL SAE VISCOSITY GRADES OIL FILLER PLUG SAE 30 5W-30 -20 F C -30 0 -20 30 -10 32 40 0 100 80 60 10 20 30 FIG. 12 40 TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE AIR CLEANER (See Fig. 13) oil_visc_chart1_e Service air cleaner cartridge every twenty-five hours, more often if engine is used in very dusty conditions. • Loosen air cleaner screws, one on each side of cover. • Remove air cleaner cover. • Carefully remove air cleaner cartridge. Be careful. Do not allow dirt or debris to fall into carburetor. • Clean by tapping gently on a flat surface. • If very dirty or damaged, replace cartridge. • Clean and replace cover. Tighten screws securely. FIG. 11 NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) improve starting in cold weather, these multi viscosity oils will result in increased oil consumption when used above 32°F (0°C). Check your engine oil level more frequently to avoid possible engine damage from running low on oil. Change the oil after every 25 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tiller is not used for 25 hours in one year. Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine and after each five (5) hours of continuous use. Add SAE 30 motor oil or equivalent. Tighten oil filler plug securely each time you check the oil level. CAUTION: Petroleum solvents, such as kerosene, are not to be used to clean cartridge. They may cause deterioration of the cartridge. Do not oil cartridge. Do not use pressurized air to clean or dry cartridge. TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Figs. 11 and 12) Determine temperature range expected before oil change. All oil must meet API service classification SF-SJ. • Be sure tiller is on level surface. • Oil will drain more freely when warm. • Catch oil in a suitable container. • Remove drain plug. • Tip tiller forward to drain oil. • After oil has drained completely, replace oil drain plug and tighten securely. • Remove oil filler plug. Be careful not to allow dirt to enter the engine. • Refill engine with oil. See “CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL” in the Operation section of this manual. AIR CLEANER CARTRIDGE COVER AIR CLEANER SCREW FIG. 13 11 MAINTENANCE COOLING SYSTEM (See Fig. 14) MUFFLER Your engine is air cooled. For proper engine performance and long life keep your engine clean. • Clean air screen frequently using a stiff-bristledbrush. • Remove blower housing and clean as necessary. • Keep cylinder fins free of dirt and chaff. Do not operate tiller without muffler. Do not tamper with exhaust system. Damaged mufflers or spark arresters could create a fire hazard. Inspect periodically and replace if necessary. If your engine is equipped with a spark arrester screen assembly, remove every 50 hours for cleaning and inspection. Replace if damaged. SPARK PLUG Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each tilling season or after every 50 hours of use, whichever comes first. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” on page 3 of this manual. CYLINDER FINS MUFFLER BLOWER HOUSING TRANSMISSION AIR SCREEN eng in e_a Your transmission is sealed and will not require lubrication unless serviced. CLEANING rt_ 71 Do not clean your tiller when the engine and transmission are hot. We do not recommend using pressurized water (garden hose, etc.) to clean your unit unless the gasket area around the transmission and the engine muffler, air filter and carburetor are covered to keep water out. Water in engine will shorten the useful life of your tiller. • Clean engine, wheels, finish, etc. of all foreign matter. • Keep finished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline, oil, etc. • Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax. FIG. 14 12 SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS CAUTION: Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come into contact with plug. TILLER MID-WIDTH TILLING - 24" PATH (See Fig. 17) • Assemble holes “A” in tine hubs to holes “C” in tine shaft. TO ADJUST HANDLE HEIGHT (See Fig. 15) Factory assembly has provided lowest handle height. Select handle height best suited for your tilling conditions. Handle height will be different when tiller digs into soil. • If a higher handle height is desired, loosen the four nuts securing handle panel to engine brackets. • Slide handle panel to desired location. • Tighten the four nuts securely. A C C A tine_5 FIG. 17 ENGINE BRACKETS HANDLE PANEL NARROW TILLING/CULTIVATING - 12-3/4" PATH (See Fig. 18) • Remove outer tines. NUTS (ALSO 2 ON LEFT SIDE OF TILLER) tine_6 FIG. 15 TINE ARRANGEMENT INNER TINES ONLY Your outer tines can be assembled in several different ways to suit your tilling or cultivating needs. FIG. 18 NOTE: When reassembling outer tines, be sure right tine assembly (marked “R”) and left tine assembly (marked “L”) are mounted to correct side of tine shaft. CAUTION: Tines are sharp. Wear gloves or other protection when handling tines. NORMAL TILLING - 26" PATH (See Fig. 16) • Assemble holes “A” in tine hubs to holes “B” in tine shaft. OUTER TINE CLEVIS PIN A A B B tine_4 HAIRPIN CLIP INNER TINE FIG. 16 13 SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS TINE OPERATION CHECK (See Fig. 19) TO REMOVE BELT GUARD (See Fig. 20) • WARNING: Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug to prevent starting while checking tine operation. • • • For proper tine operation, forward tine control lever must be against control body and all slack removed from inner wire of control cable when control is in the “OFF” (up) position. If lever and cable are loose, loosen cable clip at lower end of cable. Pull up on cable to remove slack, without extending spring on end of cable, and retighten cable clip. FINAL CHECK “OFF” POSITION • With tine control “OFF” (up), push down on handle to raise tines off the ground. • Slowly pull recoil starter handle while observing tines. Tines should not rotate. • If tines rotate, inner wire of control cable is too tight which is extending lower spring and engaging tines. Loosen cable clip and push down on cable only enough to relieve spring tension. Tighten cable clip. • Recheck in “OFF” position and adjust if necessary. FINAL CHECK “ON” POSITION • With tine control “ON” (held down to handle) push down on handle to raise tines off the ground. • Slowly pull recoil starter handle while observing tines. Tines should rotate forward. • If tines do not rotate, inner wire of control cable is too loose. Loosen cable clip and pull cable up to remove slack and retighten clip. • Recheck in “ON” position and adjust if necessary. NOTE: If “ON” position check required adjustment, recheck “OFF” position adjustment to insure tines do not rotate when control is “OFF” (up). CAP NUTS AND WASHERS BELT GUARD TINE SHIELD NUT FIG. 20 TO REPLACE V-BELTS (See Figs. 21 and 22) Replace V-belts if they have stretched considerably or if they show cracks or frayed edges. There are two (2) V-belts - forward (inside) and reverse (outside). Belt guard must be removed to service belts. See “TO REMOVE BELT GUARD” in this section of manual. NOTE: Observe carefully routing of both belts and location of all belt guides before removing belts. FORWARD TINE CONTROL IN “OFF” (UP) POSITION BELT REMOVAL • Remove reverse idler pulley from idler arm. • Remove reverse (outside) V-belt. • Remove forward (inside) V-belt from transmission pulley first and then from engine pulley. TINE CONTROL “ON” POSITION les _94 BODY BELT REPLACEMENT • Install new forward (inside) V-belt to engine pulley first then to transmission pulley. Be sure belt is positioned on inside groove of both pulleys, inside all belt guides and rests on idler pulley. • Before installing reverse (outside) V-belt, turn belt “inside out”. Twist so wide, flat surface of belt is to inside. • Wrap V-belt around reverse idler pulley and reassemble idler to idler arm. Tighten securely. Be sure belt is between reverse idler pulley and idler arm pin. • Install belt to outside groove of transmission pulley. Be sure belt is inside all belt guides and rests on outside groove of engine pulley. han d CABLE CLIP Remove two (2) cap nuts and washers from side of belt guard. Loosen (do not remove) tine shield nut on underside of tine shield. Pull belt guard out and away from unit. Replace belt guard by reversing above procedure. Be sure slot in bottom of belt guard is under head of tine shield bolt and all nuts are tightened securely. TINE CONTROL CABLE CHECK TINE OPERATION • See “TINE OPERATION CHECK” in this section of manual. FIG. 19 REPLACE BELT GUARD 14 SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ENGINE FORWARD MOTION (INSIDE) V-BELT ENGINE PULLEY BELT GUIDE TO ADJUST CARBURETOR TRANSMISSION PULLEY The carburetor has been preset at the factory and adjustment should not be necessary. However, engine performance can be affected by differences in fuel, temperature, altitude or load. If the carburetor does need adjustment, contact your nearest authorized service center/department REVERSE IDLER PULLEY BELT GUIDE IMPORTANT: NEVERTAMPER WITHTHE ENGINE GOVERNOR, WHICH IS FACTORY SET FOR PROPER ENGINE SPEED. OVERSPEEDING THE ENGINE ABOVE THE FACTORY HIGH SPEED SETTING CAN BE DANGEROUS. IF YOU THINK THE ENGINE-GOVERNED HIGH SPEED NEEDS ADJUSTING, CONTACT YOUR NEAREST AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER/ DEPARTMENT, WHICH HAS THE PROPER EQUIPMENT AND EXPERIENCE TO MAKE ANY NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS. FORWARD IDLER PULLEY REVERSE (OUTSIDE) V-BELT REVERSE IDLER PULLEY ENGINE PULLEY belts_10 FORWARD IDLER PULLEY FRONT VIEW REFERENCE REVERSE IDLER PULLEY IDLER ARM PIN ENGINE PULLEY FIG. 21 REVERSE IDLER PULLEY REVERSE IDLER ARM REVERSE (OUTSIDE) V-BELT IDLER ARM PIN BELT GUARD BOLT FORWARD MOTION (INSIDE) V-BELT ENGINE PULLEY TRANSMISSION PULLEY BELT GUIDE FORWARD IDLER PULLEY FIG. 22 15 STORAGE Immediately prepare your tiller for storage at the end of the season or if the unit will not be used for 30 days or more. ENGINE OIL Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this manual). WARNING: Never store the tiller with gasoline in the tank inside a building where fumes may reach an open flame or spark. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any enclosure. CYLINDER(S) • • TILLER • • • • • • Clean entire tiller (See “CLEANING” in the Maintenance section of this manual). Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt replacement instructions in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual). Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this manual. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage and wear. Replace if necessary. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand lightly before painting. • Remove spark plug. Pour 1 ounce (29 ml) of oil through spark plug hole into cylinder. Pull starter handle slowly several times to distribute oil. Replace with new spark plug. OTHER • • • • ENGINE Do not store gasoline from one season to another. Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems. If possible, store your unit indoors and cover it to give protection from dust and dirt. Cover your unit with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and will cause your unit to rust. IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TILLER WHILE ENGINE AND EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM. FUEL SYSTEM IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS FROM FORMING IN ESSENTIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH AS THE CARBURETOR, FUEL FILTER, FUEL HOSE, OR TANK DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOISTURE WHICH LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FORMATION OF ACIDS DURING STORAGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE. • Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. • Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent. • Use fresh fuel next season. NOTE: Fuel stablizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow the mix ratio found on stablizer container. Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stablizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer. 16 TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS PROBLEM Will not start Hard to start Loss of power CAUSE CORRECTION 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Out of fuel. Engine not “CHOKED” properly. Engine flooded. Dirty air cleaner. Water in fuel. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Clogged fuel tank. Loose spark plug wire. 6. 7. 8. 9. Bad spark plug or improper gap. Carburetor out of adjustment. 8. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Throttle control not set properly. Dirty air cleaner. Bad spark plug or improper gap. Stale or dirty fuel. Loose spark plug wire. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Carburetor out of adjustment. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Engine is overloaded. Dirty air cleaner. Low oil level/dirty oil. Faulty spark plug. Oil in fuel. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Stale or dirty fuel. Water in fuel. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Clogged fuel tank. Spark plug wire loose. Dirty engine air screen. Dirty/clogged muffler. Carburetor out of adjustment. Poor compression. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Fill fuel tank. See “TO START ENGINE” in the Operation section. Wait several minutes before attempting to start. Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh gasoline. Remove fuel tank and clean. Make sure spark plug wire is seated properly on plug. Replace spark plug or adjust gap. Make necessary adjustments. Place throttle control in “FAST” position. Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge. Replace spark plug or adjust gap. Empty fuel tank and refill with fresh gasoline. Make sure spark plug wire is seated properly on plug. Make necessary adjustments. Set depth stake and wheels for shallower tilling. Clean or replace air cleaner cartridge. Check oil level/change oil. Clean and regap or change spark plug. Empty and clean fuel tank and refill, and clean carburetor. Empty fuel tank and refill with fresh gasoline. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, and refill tank with fresh gasoline. Remove fuel tank and clean. Connect and tighten spark plug wire. Clean engine air screen. Clean/replace muffler. Make necessary adjustments. Contact an authorized service center/department. Engine overheats 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Low oil level/dirty oil. Dirty engine air screen. Dirty engine. Partially plugged muffler. Improper carburetor adjustment. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Check oil level/change oil. Clean engine air screen. Clean cylinder fins, air screen, muffler area. Remove and clean muffler. Adjust carburetor to richer position. Excessive bounce/ difficult handling 1. Ground too dry and hard. 1. 2. Wheels and depth stake incorrectly adjusted. 2. Moisten ground or wait for more favorable soil conditions. Adjust wheels and depth stake. Soil balls up or clumps 1. Ground too wet. 1. Wait for more favorable soil conditions. Engine runs but tiller won’t move 1. 2. 3. Tine control is not engaged. V-belt not correctly adjusted. V-belt is off pulley(s). 1. 2. 3. Engage tine control. Inspect/adjust V-belt. Inspect V-belt. Engine runs but labors when tilling 1. 2. 3. Tilling too deep. Throttle control not properly adjusted. Carburetor out of adjustment. 1. 2. 3. Set depth stake for shallower tilling. Check throttle control setting. Make necessary adjustments. 17 REPAIR PARTS TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER HDF550N HANDLE ASSEMBLY 1 3 16 2 3 4 5 6 10 11 28 21 29 18 19 20 43 14 7 44 8 9 12 13 handle_assy_34 KEY NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 PART NO. 187820X428 72140512 9266R 166376 73680500 19111116 19121414 74760516 74760512 10040500 73220500 98000129 180847 KEY NO. 14 16 18 19 20 21 28 29 43 44 DESCRIPTION Bracket Handle Bolt, Carriage 5/16-18 unc x 1-1¦2 Grip, Handle Handle, L.H. Locknut, Crown 5/16-18 Washer 11/32 x 11/16 x 16 Ga. Washer 3/8 x 7/8 x 14 Ga. Bolt, Hex Hd. 5/16-18 x 1 Bolt, Hex Hd 5/16-18 x 3/4 Washer, Lock 5/16 Nut, Hex 5/16-18 Nut, Flanged 5/16-18 Bolt, Carriage 5/16-18 x 3/4 Gr. 5 PART NO. 181452X428 166377 166868 151229 154805 12000027 19131312 12000059 188177 181580 DESCRIPTION Panel, Handle Handle, R.H. Cable, Control, Tine Lever, Control, Tine Pin, Pivot Ring, Klip Washer 13/32 x 13/16 x 12 Ga. Retaining, Ring Cable Assembly, Reverse Clip NOTE: All component dimensions are given in U.S. inches. 1 inch = 25.4 mm 18 REPAIR PARTS TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER HDF550N BELT GUARD AND PULLEY ASSEMBLY 41 1 2 3 4 17 5 30 42 6 8 7 10 29 11 31 11 29 11 12 12 9 13 11 27 28 14 15 19 26 20 25 24 16 23 22 21 32 18 belt_guard_14 KEY PART NO. NO. 1 180377 2 9484R 3 86777 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 DESCRIPTION Assembly, Bracket, Belt Guard Clip, Cable Screw, Hex, Washer Hd., Slotted, Thd. Cutting #10-24 x 1/2 Type D 74610812 Bolt, Hex 1/2-20 x 3/4 73680600 Nut, Hex Lock 3/8-16 19131316 Washer 13/32 x 13/16 x 16 Ga. 2009J Pulley, Idler, Reverse 180323 Assembly, Arm, Reverse Idler 74760628 Bolt, Hex 3/8-16 x 1-3/4 156705X011 Guard, Belt 19091016 Washer 9/32 x 5/8 x 16 Ga. 104213X Nut, Cap 1/4- 20 72140406 Bolt, Carriage 1/4-20 x 3/4 133035 V-Belt (Forward Motion) 2614J V-Belt (Reverse) 12000028 Ring, Retainer 2649M Key, Square 151236 Pulley, Flat, Trans. KEY NO. 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 PART NO. 188502 12000036 73350600 161806 175377 74760620 106968X 73350500 73220400 10040400 109227X 23200404 31 32 41 42 101189L 151223 180307 138909 DESCRIPTION Bolt, Belt Guard Ring, Klip Nut, Hex, Jam 3/8-16 Pulley, Idler Arm, Idler Bolt, Hex 3/8-16 x 1-1/4 Shaft, Idler Arm Nut, Hex, Jam 5/16-18 Nut, Fin Hex 1/4-20 Washer LK Hvy Helical 1/4 Pad, Idler Screw, Set , Socket, Headless C.P. 1/4-20 x 1 /4 Sheave, Engine Pulley, V-Groove, Trans. Spring Spacer NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches. 1 inch = 25.4 mm 19 REPAIR PARTS TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER HDF550N WHEEL AND DEPTH STAKE ASSEMBLY 9 7 6 1 8 2 13 3 10 2 11 22 3 16 15 24 5 4 21 7 5 24 20 4 18 17 19 17 18 20 19 16 wheel_d.stake_2 KEY NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 PART NO. 9194R 74760520 74760512 73220500 10040500 73800600 4921H 1952J 122233X 326J 74780628 1951J DESCRIPTION Pin, Clevis Bolt, Hex 5/16-18 x 1-1/4 Bolt, Hex 5/16-18 x 3/4 Nut, Hex 5/16-18 Washer, Lock 5/16 Locknut, w/washer 3/8-16 Clip, Hairpin Support, Depth Stake, R.H. Stake, Depth Pin, Clevis Bolt, Hex, Fin 3/8-16 x 1-3/4 Support, Depth Stake, L.H. KEY NO. PART NO. DESCRIPTION 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 24 5388J 121117X 9188R 19131311 9190R 73680600 74760516 73800500 73970500 Spring, Stake Bolt, Shoulder Wheel Washer 13/32 x 13/16 x 11 Ga. Bracket, Wheel Locknut, Crown 3/8-16 Bolt, Hex 5/16-18 x 1 Locknut, w/insert 5/16-18 Nut Lock Hex Flange NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches. 1 inch = 25.4 mm 20 REPAIR PARTS TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER HDF550N TINE ASSEMBLY 1 2 3 2 6 4 6 5 tine_ipb_3 KEY PART NO. NO. 1 156934 2 3146R 3 156932 KEY PART NO. NO. 4 156931 5 156933 6 4929H DESCRIPTION Tine, Outer, R.H. Retainer, Spring Tine, Inner, R.H. 21 DESCRIPTION Tine, Inner, L.H. Tine, Outer, L.H. Pin, Clevis REPAIR PARTS TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER HDF550N TRANSMISSION 20 1 2 3 5 6 11 19 18 17 16 14 11 8 10 7 10 14 10 12 KEY NO. 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 PART NO. 74760524 74780652 19131311 73900600 9057R428 188195 165834 73970500 187912 176112 transmission_12 DESCRIPTION Bolt, Hex 5/16-18 x 1-1/2 Gr. 2 Bolt, Hex, Fin 3/8-16 x 3-1/4 Washer 13/32 x 13/16 x 11 Nut Lock Flg 3/8-16 unc Shield, Tine Bracket, Engine, R.H. Bracket, Engine, L.H. Nut Lock Hex Flg Bolt, Shoulder Transmission KEY NO. PART NO. 14 16 17 18 19 20 9173R 19091412 19092016 10040400 74610412 ------- DESCRIPTION Spacer, Split Washer 9/32 x 7/8 x 12 Ga. Washer 9/32 x 1-1/4 x 16 Ga. Washer, Lock 1/4 Bolt, Hex 1/4-28 x 3/4 Gr. 5 Engine, Briggs Model 126302 Order parts from engine manufacturer NOTE: All component dimensions given in U.S. inches. 1 inch = 25.4 mm 22 REPAIR PARTS TILLER - - MODEL NUMBER HDF550N DECALS 1 5 4 6 3 7 2 8 11 9 10 KEY NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 --- PART NO. 157377 189787 157378 189936 141907 176392 171077 141906 157381 171078 162215 189773 189774 DESCRIPTION Decal, Logo Decal, Logo Decal, HP, Reverse Decal, Reverse, Tine Control Decal, Hand Placement Decal, Eng. Tiller Decal, OHV. N-I/C Decal, Warning, Rotating Tines Decal, Hvy Duty Decal, Rewind Intek Decal, Tine Shield Wrng. Dom Manual, Owner’s (English) Manual, Owner’s (Spanish) 23 LIMITED WARRANTY The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as manufactured is free from defects in materials and workmanship. For a period of two (2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer purchaser, we will repair or replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any part which we find to be defective due to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is subject to the following limitations and exclusions. 1. This warranty does not apply to the engine, other than EHP manufactured transaxle/transmission components, battery (except as noted below) or components parts thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items. 2. Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment are the responsibility of the purchaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless such return is requested by Electrolux Home Products. 3. The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is limited to 90 days from the date of original purchase. 4. This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished. This Warranty does not apply to any product which has been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal wear of the product. 5. Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, tines, tine adapters, normal wear, normal adjustments, standard hardware and normal maintenance. 6. In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an authorized service dealer. Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact: Electrolux Home Products, Inc. Outdoor Products Customer Service Dept. 250 Bobby Jones Expressway Augusta, GA 30909 USA In Canada contact: Electrolux Canada Corp. 7075 Ordan Drive Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1K6 giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the name and address of the authorized dealer from whom it was purchased. THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas do not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from locale to locale. This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defined in the Magnuson-Moss Act of 1975.