Specifications | Carrier 23 XL Refrigerator User Manual

23XL
50/60 Hz
Hermetic Screw Liquid Chillers
With HCFC-22 and HFC-134a
Installation Instructions
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Screw liquid chillers are designed to provide safe and reliable service when operated within design specifications. When operating this equipment, use good judgment
and follow safety precautions to avoid damage to equipment and property or injury to personnel.
Be sure you understand and follow the procedures and
safety precautions contained in the machine instructions as well as those listed in this guide.
DO NOT VENT refrigerant relief devices within a building. Outlet
from rupture disc or relief valve must be vented outdoors in accordance with the latest edition of ANSI/ASHRAE 15 (American
National Standards Institute/American Society of Heating,
Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers). The accumulation
of refrigerant in an enclosed space can displace oxygen and cause
asphyxiation.
PROVIDE adequate ventilation in accordance with ANSI/ASHRAE
15, especially for enclosed and low overhead spaces. Inhalation of
high concentrations of vapor is harmful and may cause heart irregularities, unconsciousness, or death. Intentional misuse can be
fatal. Vapor is heavier than air and reduces the amount of oxygen
available for breathing. Product causes eye and skin irritation. Decomposition products are hazardous.
DO NOT USE OXYGEN to purge lines or to pressurize a machine
for any purpose. Oxygen gas reacts violently with oil, grease, and
other common substances.
DO NOT USE air to leak test. Use only refrigerant or dry
nitrogen.
NEVER EXCEED specified test pressures. VERIFY the allowable
test pressure by checking the instruction literature and the
design pressures on the equipment nameplate.
DO NOT VALVE OFF any safety device.
BE SURE that all pressure relief devices are properly installed and
functioning before operating any machine.
DO NOT WELD OR FLAMECUT any refrigerant line or vessel
until all refrigerant (liquid and vapor) has been removed from chiller.
Traces of vapor should be displaced with dry air or nitrogen and
the work area should be well ventilated. Refrigerant in contact with
an open flame produces toxic gases.
DO NOT USE eyebolts or eyebolt holes to rig machine sections or
the entire assembly.
DO NOT work on high-voltage equipment unless you are a qualified electrician.
DO NOT WORK ON electrical components, including control
center, switches, starters, or oil heater until you are sure ALL POWER
IS OFF and no residual voltage can leak from capacitors or solidstate components.
LOCK OPEN AND TAG electrical circuits during servicing. IF WORK
IS INTERRUPTED, confirm that all circuits are deenergized before resuming work.
DO NOT syphon refrigerant.
AVOID SPILLING liquid refrigerant on skin or getting it into the
eyes. USE SAFETY GOGGLES. Wash any spills from the skin
with soap and water. If liquid refrigerant enters the eyes, IMMEDIATELY FLUSH EYES with water and consult a physician.
NEVER APPLY an open flame or live steam to a refrigerant
cylinder. Dangerous over pressure can result. When it is necessary
to heat refrigerant, use only warm (110 F [43 C]) water.
DO NOT REUSE disposable (nonreturnable) cylinders or
attempt to refill them. It is DANGEROUS AND ILLEGAL. When
cylinder is emptied, evacuate remaining gas pressure, loosen
the collar, and unscrew and discard the valve stem. DO NOT
INCINERATE.
CHECK THE REFRIGERANT TYPE before adding refrigerant to
the machine. The introduction of the wrong refrigerant can cause
machine damage or malfunction.
Operation of this equipment with refrigerants other than those
cited herein should comply with ANSI/ASHRAE-15 (latest
edition). Contact Carrier for further information on use of this
machine with other refrigerants.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REMOVE fittings, covers, etc., while machine is under pressure or while machine is running. Be sure pressure is at 0 psig (0 kPa) before breaking any refrigerant connection.
CAREFULLY INSPECT all relief valves, rupture discs, and other
relief devices AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR. If machine operates in
a corrosive atmosphere, inspect the devices at more frequent
intervals.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REPAIR OR RECONDITION any
relief valve when corrosion or build-up of foreign material (rust,
dirt, scale, etc.) is found within the valve body or mechanism. Replace the valve.
DO NOT install relief devices in series or backwards.
USE CARE when working near or in line with a compressed spring.
Sudden release of the spring can cause it and objects in its path to
act as projectiles.
DO NOT STEP on refrigerant lines. Broken lines can whip about
and release refrigerant, causing personal injury.
DO NOT climb over a machine. Use platform, catwalk, or staging.
Follow safe practices when using ladders.
USE MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT (crane, hoist, etc.) to lift or
move inspection covers or other heavy components. Even if components are light, use mechanical equipment when there is a risk of
slipping or losing your balance.
BE AWARE that certain automatic start arrangements CAN
ENGAGE THE STARTER, TOWER FAN, OR PUMPS. Open the
disconnect ahead of the starter, tower fan and pumps. Shut off the
machine or pump before servicing equipment.
USE only repaired or replacement parts that meet the code requirements of the original equipment.
DO NOT VENT OR DRAIN waterboxes containing industrial brines,
liquid, gases, or semisolids without the permission of your process
control group.
DO NOT LOOSEN waterbox cover bolts until the waterbox has
been completely drained.
DOUBLE-CHECK that coupling nut wrenches, dial indicators, or
other items have been removed before rotating any shafts.
DO NOT LOOSEN a packing gland nut before checking that the
nut has a positive thread engagement.
PERIODICALLY INSPECT all valves, fittings, and piping for corrosion, rust, leaks, or damage.
PROVIDE A DRAIN connection in the vent line near each pressure relief device to prevent a build-up of condensate or rain
water.
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 2
PC 211
Catalog No. 532-303
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 23XL-2SI
Pg 1
9-94
Replaces: 23XL-1SI
Tab 5e
CONTENTS
INSTALLATION
Page
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Job Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Equipment Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Receiving the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
• INSPECT SHIPMENT
• IDENTIFY MACHINE
• PROVIDE MACHINE PROTECTION
Rigging the Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
• RIG MACHINE ASSEMBLY
• RIG MACHINE COMPONENTS
Install Machine Supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
• INSTALL STANDARD ISOLATION
• INSTALL OPTIONAL OR ACCESSORY
ISOLATION
• INSTALL SPRING ISOLATION
Connect Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
• INSTALL WATER PIPING
TO HEAT EXCHANGERS
• INSTALL VENT PIPING
TO RELIEF DEVICES
Make Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
• CONNECT CONTROL INPUTS
• CONNECT CONTROL OUTPUTS
• CONNECT STARTER
• INSULATE MOTOR TERMINALS
AND LEAD WIRE ENDS
• CONNECT POWER WIRE TO OIL
HEATER CONTACTOR (Frame 1 and 2)
• CONNECT COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL
WIRING FROM STARTER TO POWER PANEL
• CARRIER COMFORT NETWORK
INTERFACE
Install Field Insulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
• FACTORY-INSTALLED INSULATION
INSTALLATION START-UP REQUEST
CHECKLIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CL-1, CL-2
Receiving the Machine
INSPECT SHIPMENT
Do not open any valves or break any connections. The
standard 23XL machine is shipped with a full refrigerant charge. Some machines may be shipped with a
nitrogen holding charge as an option.
1. Inspect for shipping damage while the machine is still on
shipping conveyance. If the machine appears to be damaged or has been torn loose from its anchorage, have it
examined by transportation inspectors before removal. Forward claim papers directly to the transportation company. The manufacturer is not responsible for any damage incurred in transit.
2. Check all items against shipping list. Immediately notify
the nearest Carrier representative if any item is missing.
3. To prevent loss or damage, leave all parts in original packages until installation. All openings are closed with
covers or plugs to prevent dirt and debris from entering
during shipping. The 23XL is shipped with a full operating oil charge.
IDENTIFY MACHINE — The machine model number, serial number, and heat exchanger sizes are stamped on machine information plate (Fig. 1, 2, and 3). Check this information against shipping papers and job data.
INTRODUCTION
General — The 23XL machine is factory assembled, wired,
and leak tested. Installation (not by Carrier) consists primarily of establishing water and electrical services to the machine. Rigging, installation, field wiring, and field piping are
the responsibility of the contractor and/or customer. Carrier
has no installation responsibilities for the equipment.
LEGEND
VI — Volumetric Index
Fig. 1 — Model Number Identification
Job Data
Necessary information consists of:
• job contract or specifications
• machine location prints
• rigging information
• piping prints and details
• field wiring drawings
• starter manufacturer’s installation details
• Carrier certified prints
PROVIDE MACHINE PROTECTION — Protect machine
and starter from construction dirt and moisture. Keep protective shipping covers in place until machine is ready for
installation.
If machine is exposed to freezing temperatures after water
circuits have been installed, open waterbox drains and remove all water from cooler and condenser. Leave drains open
until system is filled.
Equipment Required
•
•
•
•
mechanic’s tools (refrigeration)
volt-ohmmeter and clamp-on ammeter
leak detector (halide or electronic)
absolute pressure manometer or wet-bulb vacuum
indicator
• portable vacuum pumps
2
FRONT VIEW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Power Panel
Local Interface Display (LID) Control Center
ASME Nameplate, Cooler
Cooler Refrigerant Isolation Valve
ASME Nameplate, Economizer (Hidden)
Service Valve
Take-Apart Rabbet Fit Connector (Lower)
Cooler Temperature Sensor
ASME Nameplate, Condenser
Typical Waterbox Drain Port
Cooler Supply/Return End
Waterbox Cover
12 — Condenser Supply/Return End
Waterbox Cover
13 — Compressor Nameplate (Hidden)
REAR VIEW
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
23
24
25
26
—
—
—
—
27 —
28 —
Oil Separator
ASME Nameplate, Muffler (Hidden)
ASME Nameplate, Oil Separator
Cooler Relief Valves (Hidden)
Oil Sump Filter Assembly
Oil Charging Valve
Vessel Separation Feet
Float Chamber
Condenser Isolation Valve (Option or
Accessory)
Refrigerant Charging Valve
Condenser
Condenser Relief Valves (Hidden)
Take-Apart Rabbet Fit Connector
(Upper)
Unit Mounted Starter (Option)
Machine Identification Nameplate
Fig. 2 — Typical 23XL Installation (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
3
FRONT VIEW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Compressor Nameplate (Hidden)
Power Panel
Local Interface Display (LID) Control Center
ASME Nameplate, Cooler
Cooler
Vessel Separation Feet
Economizer Float Valve Access Cover
(Hidden)
Refrigerant Charging Valve
Economizer
Oil Filter Assembly (Hidden)
ASME Nameplate, Economizer
Typical Waterbox Drain Port
Take-Apart Rabbet Fit Connector
ASME Nameplate, Condenser
Cooler Supply/Return End Waterbox Cover
Condenser Temperature Sensors
Cooler Relief Valve
18
19
20
21
22
23
—
—
—
—
—
—
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
REAR VIEW
32 —
33 —
Unit Mounted Starter (Option)
ASME Nameplate, Oil Separator
Oil Separator Relief Valves
Oil Separator
Oil Charging Valve
Condenser Isolation Valve (Option or
Accessory)
Service Valve
Cooler Refrigerant Isolation Valve
Condenser Relief Valves and Oil Filter
Float Chamber
Poppet Valve Assembly
Motor Cooling Isolation Valve
Condenser
Condenser Supply/Return End
Waterbox Cover
Cooler Temperature Sensors
Machine Identification Nameplate
Fig. 3 — Typical 23XL Installation (Frame 4 Machine)
Rigging the Machine — The 23XL can be rigged as
an entire assembly. It also has flanged connections that
allow the compressor, cooler, condenser, and oil separator
sections to be separated to fulfill specific installation
requirements.
RIG MACHINE ASSEMBLY — See rigging instructions
in plastic envelope attached to machine. Also refer to rigging guide (Fig. 4 and 5), physical data in Fig. 6 and 7, and
Tables 1-6. Lift machine only from the 3 points indicated in
the rigging guide. Spreader bar must be used. Each lifting
cable or chain must be capable of supporting the entire weight
of the machine.
Lifting machine from points other than those specified
may result in serious damage and personal injury. Rigging equipment and procedure must be adequate for
machine weight. See Tables 1-6 for machine weights.
NOTE: These weights are broken down into component
sections for use when installing the unit in sections. For
complete machine weight, add all section components
together. Total machine weight (Table 6) is also stenciled on the cooler and condenser sections.
4
→
The compressor is heavy. To avoid bodily injury, lift
the compressor only by using cables or slings. Do not
lift the compressor using threaded eyebolts. Metric threaded
eyebolts are provided only for lifting individual compressor castings.
Do not attempt to cut refrigeration lines or disconnect
flanges or fittings while machine is under pressure. Cutting lines or disconnecting flanges or fittings can result
in personal injury or damage to the unit. Be sure both
refrigerant and oil charge are removed from the machine before separating the components.
IMPORTANT: Only a qualified service technician
should disassemble and reassemble the machine. After
reassembly, the machine must be dehydrated and leak
tested.
NOTE: If the cooler and condenser vessels must be separated, the heat exchanger separation feet must be unbolted,
rotated, and rebolted in order to keep each heat exchanger
level. See Fig. 4, 5, and 8-12.
NOTE: Sensor wiring must be disconnected. Label each wire
before removal (see Carrier certified prints). Remove all transducer and thermistor wires at the sensor. Clip all wire ties
necessary to remove the wires from the heat exchangers. Remove the control wiring and oil heater wiring
(Frame 1 and 2 machines) at the power panel and the main
motor leads at the starter lugs before disconnecting the starter
from the machine.
RIG MACHINE COMPONENTS — Refer to instructions
below, Fig. 8-12, and Carrier certified prints for machine
disassembly.
*Carrier recommends that ‘‘I’’ Beam Spreader Bars be field supplied and installed.
NOTES:
1. Each chain must be capable of supporting the entire weight of the machine. Maximum weight of machine is 13,200 lbs (5940 Kg).
2. Chain lengths shown are typical for 15 ft (4572 mm) lifting height. Some minor
adjustment may be required.
HEAT
EXCHANGER
SIZE
10 or 11
20 or 21
CENTER OF GRAVITY —
APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS
A (Length)
B (Width)
ft-in.
mm
ft-in.
mm
3- 8
1117
1-11
572
3-10
1161
2- 0
600
MAXIMUM
WEIGHT
Suggested ‘‘I’’ Beam Spreader Bar*
OPTIONS
1
2
3
4
lb
Kg
11,810 5357
13,200 5940
ENGLISH
in. x lb/ft
S12 x 31.8
S10 x 35
W12 x 22
W10 x 25
SI
cm x N/m
S30 x 464
S25.4 x 511
W30 x 321
W25.4 x 365
Fig. 4 — Machine Rigging Guide (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
5
796
NOTES:
1. Each chain must be capable of supporting the entire weight of the machine. Maximum weight of machine is 22,300 lbs (10,116 Kg).
2. Chain lengths shown are typical for 15 ft (4572 mm) lifting height. Some minor adjustment may be required.
3. [ ] indicates millimeters.
HEAT EXCHANGER
SIZE
40, 41, 42, or 43
CENTER OF GRAVITY —
APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS
A
B
(Length)
(Width)
ft-in.
mm
ft-in.
mm
6-4
1930
2-8
813
MAXIMUM WEIGHT*
lb
kg
22,300
10,116
*Includes marine waterboxes and refrigerant charge.
Suggested ‘‘I’’ Beam Spreader Bar†
OPTIONS
1
2
3
4
ENGLISH
in. x lb/ft
S12 x 31.8
S10 x 35
W12 x 22
W10 x 25
SI
cm x N/m
S30 x 464
S25.4 x 511
W30 x 321
W25.4 x 365
†Carrier recommends that ‘‘I’’ beam spreader bars be field supplied and installed.
Fig. 5 — Machine Rigging Guide
(Frame 4 Machines)
6
23-22
HEAT EXCHANGER
SIZE
10 or 11
20 or 21
A (LENGTH)
1 Pass
2 and 3 Pass*
ft-in.
mm
ft-in.
mm
9-5
2870
9-61⁄2
OVERALL
B (WIDTH)
ft-in.
4- 91⁄4
4-11
2908
mm
1454
1499
OVERALL
C (HEIGHT)
ft-in.
6- 95⁄8
6-113⁄8
mm
2073
2118
NOZZLE PIPE SIZE
(in.)
1-Pass
6
8
2 and 3-Pass
6
6
*2 and 3-pass length applies if either (or both) cooler or condenser is a 2 or 3-pass design.
NOTES:
1. Service access should be provided per ANSI/ASHRAE 15 (American National Standards
Institute/American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers), Latest Edition. NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 70 and local safety codes.
2. Allow at least 6 in. (152 mm) overhead clearance for service rigging.
3. Certified drawings available upon request.
→
Fig. 6 — 23XL Dimensions (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
7
796
NOTES:
1. For flanged waterbox nozzles, refer to the certified drawings for length addition measurements.
2. Service access should be provided based on American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers
(ASHRAE) 15, latest edition, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 70, and local safety codes.
3. A minimum 6 in. (152 mm) overhead clearance for service rigging is recommended.
4. Certified drawings are available upon request.
5. [ ] indicates millimeters.
HEAT EXCHANGER
(Cooler and
Condenser Size)
40-43
A (LENGTH)
2 Pass*
1 or 3 Pass†
ft-in.
mm
ft-in.
mm
13-73⁄4 4159 14-31⁄4 4350
HEAT EXCHANGER
(Cooler and
Condenser Size)
40-43
OVERALL
B (WIDTH)
ft-in.
5-107⁄8
mm
1800
OVERALL
C (HEIGHT)
ft-in.
7-611⁄16
mm
2303
NOZZLE PIPE SIZE (in.)
(Nominal Pipe Size)
1-Pass
10
2-Pass
8
A (Length With
Marine Waterbox — Not Shown)
2 Pass*
1 or 3 Pass†
ft-in.
mm
ft.-in.
mm
14-95⁄8
4512
16-51⁄2
5017
*Assumes both cooler and condenser nozzles on same end of chiller.
†1 or 3 pass length applies if either (or both) cooler or condenser is a 1 or 3 pass
design.
Fig. 7 — 23XL Dimensions (Frame 4 Machines)
9
3-Pass
6
Table 1 — 23XL Compressor Weights
23XL
UNIT
ASSEMBLY
(Less Motor)
lb
kg
2270
1029
2300
1043
2400
1088
3300
1497
3400
1542
COMPRESSOR SIZE
(Tons)
C2
C4
C6
D4
D6
Frame 1
Frame 2
Frame 4
Table 2 — 23XL Component Weights
COMPONENT
Oil Separator
Economizer†
Muffler
Discharge Piping:
Pipe
Isolation Valve†
Adaptor Flange
Power Panel
Starter†
Control Center
FRAME 1 AND 2
lb
kg
1180
535
296
134
170
77
44
30
76
20
500
31
FRAME 4
lb
kg
2880*
1306*
560
254
*
*
20
14
34
9
227
14
—
30
76
20
500
31
—
14
34
9
227
14
*The Frame 4 muffler is included in the oil separator weight.
†Optional.
Table 3 — 23XL Motor Weights*
COMPRESSOR
Size
VI Type
C2
0
C4
0
C4
1
C6
0 or 1
D4
0 or 1
D6
0 or 1
125
155
STATOR
lb
kg
230
104
249
113
lb
58
63
kg
26
29
195
276
125
69
31
310
141
280
280
460
460
208
208
110
110
49
49
370
370
167
167
MAX IkW
ROTOR
MOTOR CASING AND COVER
lb
kg
310
141
310
141
LEGEND
VI — Volumetric Index
*C2-C6 listed weights are for low-voltage motors (200-600 v). D4-D6 listed weights are for
low-voltage motors (320-600 v).
→
Table 4 — 23XL Heat Exchanger Weights
ENGLISH
Dry Wt (lb)*
SIZE
10
11
20
21
40
41
42
43
Cooler
Only†
Cond
Only
2480
2650
2845
3000
5030
5180
5345
5525
2890
3020
3250
3445
4690
4835
5005
5185
Machine Charge
Refrigerant (lb)
Economizer
No Economizer
HCFC-22
HFC-134a
HCFC-22
HFC-134a
650
**
600
**
650
**
600
**
750
**
700
**
750
**
700
**
1000
850
900
800
1100
900
1000
850
1200
950
1100
900
1300
1000
1200
950
Water (gal)
Cooler
Cond
34
40
45
49
49.2
54
60
66
39.2
44.4
49.2
56.4
51.6
57
63
70
SI
Dry Wt (kg)*
SIZE
10
11
20
21
40
41
42
43
Cooler
Only†
Cond
Only
1125
1202
1291
1361
2282
2350
2424
2506
1310
1370
1474
1563
2127
2193
2270
2352
Machine Charge
Refrigerant (kg)
Economizer
No Economizer
HCFC-22
HFC-134a
HCFC-22
HFC-134a
295
**
272
**
295
**
272
**
340
**
318
**
340
**
318
**
454
385
408
363
499
408
454
385
544
431
499
408
590
454
544
431
Water (L)
Cooler
Cond
130
152
170
186
186
204
227
250
150
168
186
214
195
216
239
264
LEGEND
NIH — Nozzle-In-Head
*Weight based on: .035 in. wall copper Turbo-B2 tubes in cooler, Turbo chill in condenser.
2-pass, 150 psi NIH waterbox arrangements (sizes 10, 11, 20, 21)
3-pass, 300 psi NIH waterbox arrangements (sizes 40, 41, 42, 43)
†Weight of optional economizer is not included and must be added to cooler weight.
**Not available.
NOTE: Standard shipment is with refrigerant charged, so be sure to add refrigerant charge to dry weight.
9
796
Table 5A — 23XL Waterbox Cover Weights (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)*
HEAT EXCHANGER
WATERBOX
DESCRIPTION
PSI
(kPa)
Cooler or
Condenser
NIH, 1 Pass
NIH, 2 Pass (Plain)
NIH, 2 Pass (With Pipe Nozzles)
150
(1034)
NIH, 3 Pass
150
(1034)
FRAME 1
lbs
kg
118
54
100
46
185
84
FRAME 2
lbs
kg
128
58
148
67
200
91
166
180
76
82
LEGEND
NIH — Nozzle-In-Head
*These weights are given for reference only. They have been included in heat exchanger weights
shown in Table 4.
NOTE: Add 30 lb (14 Kg) for bolts.
Table 5B — 23XL Waterbox Cover Weight (Frame 4 Machines)*
HEAT
EXCHANGER
COOLER
CONDENSER
ENGLISH (lb)
Frame 4,
Frame 4,
Std Nozzles
Flanged
150 psig 300 psig 150 psig 300 psig
284
414
324
491
285
411
341
523
292
433
309
469
243
292
243
292
CS
621
CS
621
CS
482
CS
482
306
446
346
523
288
435
344
547
319
466
336
502
226
271
226
271
CS
474
CS
474
CS
359
CS
359
WATERBOX
DESCRIPTION
NIH, 1 Pass Cover
NIH, 2 Pass Cover
NIH, 3 Pass Cover
NIH, Plain End Cover
MWB Cover
Plain End Cover
NIH, 1 Pass Cover
NIH, 2 Pass Cover
NIH, 3 Pass Cover
NIH, Plain End Cover
MWB Cover
Plain End Cover
SI (kg)
Frame 4,
Frame 4,
Std Nozzles
Flanged
1034 kPa 2068 kPa 1034 kPa 2068 kPa
129
188
147
223
129
187
155
237
133
197
140
213
110
133
110
133
CS
282
CS
282
CS
219
CS
219
139
202
157
237
131
197
156
248
145
212
153
228
103
123
103
123
CS
215
CS
215
CS
163
CS
163
LEGEND
CS
— Contact Syracuse
MWB — Marine Waterbox
NIH
— Nozzle-In-Head
*These weights are given for reference only. The 150 psig (1034 kPa) standard waterbox cover
weights have been included in the heat exchanger weights shown in Table 4.
→
Table 6 — 23XL Machine Rigging Weights
COOLER SIZE
CONDENSER SIZE
10 or 11
10 or 11
20 or 21
20 or 21
40, 41, 42, or 43
40, 41, 42, or 43
ECONOMIZER
INDICATOR
COMPRESSOR
SIZE
VI TYPE
C2 or C4
0 or 1
C6
0 or 1
D4 or D6
0 or 1
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
LEGEND
VI — Volumetric Index
*Total rigging weight includes HCFC-22 and water.
NOTE: Starter weight is included in total weights. Subtract 500 lbs (227 kg) if a starter is not used.
796
10
TOTAL RIGGING WEIGHT*
lbs
kg
11,410
5,175
11,110
5,039
12,560
5,697
12,260
5,561
20,020
9,081
19,520
8,855
3. Separate compressor from oil supply system by disconnecting the following:
a. discharge flange from compressor and remove check
valve (Fig. 8).
b. oil supply line to compressor and associated solenoid
valve wiring (Fig. 8 and 9).
c. oil scavenging/sump vent to compressor (Fig. 8
and 9).
4. Cover all openings.
5. Be sure the following electrical connections are
disconnected:
a. motor power cables from optional unit-mounted starter
lugs (not shown).
b. motor winding temperature sensor (Fig. 9).
c. slide valve increase and decrease capacity control solenoid valves (Fig. 9).
d. optional variable VI solenoid valves (Fig. 9).
e. discharge (condenser) pressure transducer (Fig. 8).
6. Unbolt motor support foot (Fig. 8).
7. Rig compressor.
To Separate Oil Separator from Condenser (Frame 1 and 2
Machines)
1. Separate the compressor and oil separator by disconnecting the following:
a. discharge flange from compressor and remove check
valve (Fig. 8).
b. oil feed from separator to sump (Fig.9).
c. oil scavenging/sump vent to compressor (Fig. 8
and 9).
d. oil sump relief to separator (Fig. 8).
2. Unbolt the discharge adaptor flange from the condenser
(Fig. 9).
3. Cover all openings.
4. Be sure the following electrical connections are
disconnected:
a. high discharge pressure cutout switch (Fig. 8).
5. Unbolt the four securing bolts from the bottom of the oil
separator (Fig. 8 and 9).
6. Rig oil separator.
NOTE: Before proceeding with disassembly, make sure the
machine is at atmospheric pressure.
→ NOTE: The
screw compressor uses all metric dimensions
and metric fasteners. The heat exchangers and oil separator
use American standard dimensions and English fasteners.
Metric wrenches are required to remove the compressor.
To Separate Cooler and Condenser (Frame 1 and 2
Machines)
1. Turn vessel separation feet to the lowered position
(Fig. 8).
2. Disconnect and/or cut the following lines:
a. cooler liquid feed (Fig. 8).
b. condenser refrigerant vapor to oil reclaim ejector
(Fig. 9).
c. motor cooling supply from condenser (Fig. 9).
d. optional hot gas bypass and associated solenoid valve
wiring (not shown).
3. Separate compressor from oil supply system by disconnecting the following:
a. discharge flange from compressor and remove check
valve (Fig. 8).
b. oil supply line to compressor and associated solenoid
valve wiring (Fig. 8).
c. oil scavenging/sump vent to compressor (Fig. 8
and 9).
4. Cover all openings.
5. Be sure all wiring is properly marked. Detach all transducers, switches, and sensor wires. Remove all wire ties
required to remove wires from the cooler to the condenser. Do not cut the wires.
6. Disconnect the rabbet fit connectors on the tube sheets
(Fig. 9).
7. Rig vessels apart.
To Separate Compressor from Cooler (Frame 1 and 2
Machines)
→
The compressor is heavy. To avoid bodily injury, lift
the compressor only by using cables or slings. Do not
lift the compressor using threaded eyebolts. The metric
threaded eyebolts are provided only for lifting individual compressor castings.
NOTE: Before proceeding with disassembly, make sure the
machine is at atmospheric pressure.
To Separate Cooler and Condenser (Frame 4 Machines)
1. Unbolt the suction flange (Fig. 8).
2. Disconnect the following lines:
a. oil reclaim to compressor (Fig. 9).
b. motor cooling to motor (Fig. 9).
c. motor cooling drain (Fig. 9).
d. optional economizer gas line to compressor rotors
(Fig. 9).
→
The compressor is heavy. To avoid bodily injury, lift
the compressor only by using cables or slings. Do not
lift the compressor using threaded eyebolts. The metric
threaded eyebolts are provided only for lifting individual compressor castings.
11
796
Fig. 8 — 23XL Drive End View (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
c. optional economizer gas line to compressor rotors
(Fig. 10).
d. liquid injection to compressor (Fig. 10).
3. Separate compressor from oil supply system by disconnecting the following:
a. discharge flange from compressor and remove check
valve (Fig. 10).
b. oil supply line to compressor and associated solenoid
valve wiring (Fig. 10).
4. Cover all openings.
5. Be sure the following electrical connections are
disconnected:
a. motor power cables from optional unit-mounted starter
lugs (not shown).
b. motor winding temperature sensor (Fig. 10).
c. slide valve increase and decrease capacity control solenoid valves (Fig. 10).
d. optional variable VI solenoid valves (Fig. 10).
e. discharge (condenser) pressure transducer (Fig. 10).
6. Unbolt motor support foot (Fig. 10).
7. Rig compressor.
To Separate Oil Separator from Condenser (Frame 4
Machines)
Refer to Fig. 12 unless otherwise specified.
1. Separate the compressor and oil separator by disconnecting the following:
a. discharge flange from compressor (secure the check
valve). See Fig. 11.
b. oil supply line from separator to compressor.
Refer to Fig. 10 unless otherwise specified.
1. Turn all 4 vessel separation feet to the lowered position
(Fig. 11).
2. Disconnect and/or cut the following lines, as required:
a. cooler liquid feed.
b. motor cooling supply from condenser.
c. liquid injection to compressor.
d. bubble line to float chamber (not shown).
e. optional hot gas bypass and associated solenoid valve
wiring (not shown).
f. motor power cables from optional unit mounted starter
lugs (not shown).
3. Separate compressor by disconnecting the following:
a. discharge flange from compressor (remove the check
valve).
b. oil supply line to compressor and associated solenoid
valve wiring.
4. Cover all openings.
5. Be sure all wiring is properly marked. Detach all transducers, switches, and sensor wires. Remove all wire ties
required to remove wires from the cooler to the condenser. Do not cut the wires.
6. Disconnect the rabbet fit connectors on the tube sheets.
7. Rig vessels apart.
To Separate Compressor from Cooler (Frame 4 Machines)
1. Unbolt the suction flange (Fig. 11).
2. Disconnect the following lines:
a. motor cooling to motor (Fig. 10).
b. motor cooling drain (Fig. 11).
12
13
Fig. 9 — 23XL Top View (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
14
Fig. 10 — 23XL Top View (Frame 4 Machines)
2. Cover all openings.
3. Be sure the switches, sensor, and transducers are
disconnected.
4. Cut oil separator from its support foot.
5. Rig oil separator.
Additional Notes For Frame 1, 2, and 4 Machines:
1. Use silicon grease on new O-rings when refitting.
2. Use gasket sealant on new gaskets when refitting.
3. Cooler and condenser may be vertically rigged. Rigging
should be fixed to 4 corners of the cooler and condenser
tube sheet.
Fig. 11 — Motor Cooling Drain Section
(Frame 4 Machines)
→
Fig. 12 — Oil Separator Section
(Frame 4 Machines)
15
796
dictate the use of soleplates and leveling pads. Refer to
Fig. 13-18.
Level machine by using jacking screws in isolation soleplates. Use a level at least 24 in. (600 mm) long.
Install Machine Supports
INSTALL STANDARD ISOLATION — Figures 13-18 show
the position of support plates and shear flex pads that form
the standard machine support system.
INSTALL OPTIONAL OR ACCESSORY ISOLATION (if
required) — Uneven floors or other considerations may
DIMENSION
A
B
C
HEAT EXCHANGER SIZE
10 or 11
20 or 21
ft-in.
mm
ft-in.
mm
4-51⁄4
1353
4-71⁄4
1403
1334
4-61⁄2
1384
4-41⁄2
314
1-13⁄8
340
1-03⁄8
NOTES:
1. Dimensions in ( ) are in millimeters.
2. Use grout and package components to establish the level base line.
3. If chiller is set on concrete pad, electrical contractor is to locate conduit stub-ups outside of pad. Approximate location shown.
4. See Fig. 15 and 16 for additional information.
Fig. 13 — 23XL Machine Footprint (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
NOTES:
1. Dimensions in ( ) are in millimeters.
2. Use grout and package components to establish the level base line.
3. If chiller is set on concrete pad, electrical contractor is to locate conduit stub-ups outside of pad. Approximate location shown.
4. See Fig. 15 and 16 for additional information.
Fig. 14 — 23XL Machine Footprint (Frame 4 Machine)
16
VIEW B-B
NOTES:
1. Dimensions in ( ) are in millimeters.
2. Isolation package includes 4 shear flex pads.
Fig. 15 — Standard Isolation
HRS — Hot Rolled Steel
NOTES:
1. Dimensions in ( ) are in millimeters.
2. Accessory (Carrier supplied, field installed) soleplate package includes 4 soleplates, 16 jacking screws and leveling pads. Requires accessory spring vibration isolation package.
3. Jacking screws to be removed after grout has set.
4. Thickness of grout will vary, depending on the amount necessary
to level chiller. Use only pre-mixed non-shrinking grout, Celcote
HT-648 or Master Builders 636, 08-11⁄29 (38.1) to 08-21⁄49 (57) thick.
Fig. 16 — Accessory Isolation
NOTE: The accessory spring vibration isolation package is supplied
by Carrier for installation in the field.
Fig 17 — 23XL Accessory Spring Vibration Isolation (Shown With Accessory Soleplates)
17
Obtain specific details on spring mounting and machine
weight distribution from job data. Also, check job data for
methods for supporting and isolating pipes that are attached
to the spring isolated machines.
Connect Piping
INSTALL WATER PIPING TO HEAT EXCHANGERS —
Install piping using job data, piping drawings, and procedure outlined below. A typical piping installation is shown
in Fig. 19.
Factory-supplied insulation is not flammable but can be
damaged by welding sparks and open flame. Protect insulation with a wet canvas cover.
Remove chilled and condenser water sensors before welding connecting piping to water nozzles. Refer to Fig. 2
and 3. Replace sensors after welding is complete.
1. If the machine is a nozzle-in-head arrangement, offset pipe
flanges to permit removal of waterbox cover for maintenance and to provide clearance for pipe cleaning. No
flanges are necessary with marine waterboxes; however,
water piping should not cross in front of the waterbox or
access will be blocked off.
2. Provide openings in water piping for required pressure
gages and thermometers. Openings should be at least 6 to
10 pipe diameters from the waterbox nozzle. For thorough mixing and temperature stabilization, wells in the
leaving water pipe should extend inside pipe at least
2 in. (50 mm).
3. Install air vents at all high points in piping to remove air
and prevent water hammer.
4. Install pipe hangers where needed. Make sure no weight
or stress is placed on waterbox nozzles or flanges.
5. Water flow direction information is shown in Fig. 20 and
21.
NOTE: Entering water is always the lower of the two
nozzles. Leaving water is always the upper nozzle for cooler
or condenser.
6. Water flow switches must be of vapor-tight construction
and must be installed on top of the pipe in a horizontal
run and at least 5 pipe diameters from any bend.
Differential pressure type flow switches may be connected at the nozzle of the waterbox.
7. Install waterbox vent and drain piping in accordance with
individual job data. All connections are 3⁄4-in. FPT.
8. Install waterbox drain plugs in the unused waterbox drains
and vent openings.
9. Install water piping to the optional pumpout system condenser storage tank as shown in Fig. 20-25.
NOTE: A field supplied and installed low profile isolation is suggested
to keep operation height low.
Fig. 18 — Typical Low Profile Isolation Assembly
(Field Supplied and Installed)
For adequate and long-lasting machine support, proper grout
selection and placement is essential. Carrier recommends that
only epoxy-type grout be used for machine installation. Follow manufacturer’s instructions in applying grout.
1. Check machine location prints for required grout
thickness.
2. Carefully wax jacking screws for easy removal from grout.
3. Grout must extend above the base of the soleplate and
there must be no voids in grout beneath the plates.
4. Allow grout to set and harden, per manufacturer’s instructions, before starting machine.
5. Back jacking screws off leveling pads after grout has
hardened.
INSTALL SPRING ISOLATION — Field-supplied spring
isolators may be placed directly under machine support plates
or located under machine soleplates. See Fig. 17. Consult
job data for specific arrangement. Low profile spring isolation assemblies are recommended so that the machine is kept
at a convenient working height inside of the tube sheet.
18
Fig. 19 — Typical Nozzle Piping
19
Cooler and Condenser Nozzle Arrangements
NOZZLE ARRANGEMENT CODES
Cooler
Pass
1
2
3
In
1
2
3
5
7
9
Out
2
1
4
6
8
10
Code
A
B
C
D
E
F
Pass
1
2
3
In
11
12
13
15
17
19
Condenser
Out
12
11
14
16
18
20
Code
J
K
L
M
N
P
Waterbox Nozzle Sizes
FRAME
1
2
PASS
1
2
3
1
2
3
NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE (in.)
Cooler and Condenser
6
6
6
8
6
6
ACTUAL PIPE
ID (in.)
Cooler and Condenser
6.065
6.065
6.065
7.981
6.065
6.065
LEGEND
ID — Inside Diameter
NOTE: All nozzles are nozzle-in-head (NIH) type with 150 psig (1034 kPa) ASA (American Standards Association) flanged
connections.
Fig. 20 — Piping Flow Data (Frame 1 and 2)
20
Cooler and Condenser Nozzle Arrangements
NOZZLE ARRANGEMENT CODES
Pass
1
2
3
In
8
5
7
4
7
4
Cooler
Out
5
8
9
6
6
9
Code
A
B
C
D
E
F
Pass
1
2
3
Condenser
In
Out
11
2
2
11
10
12
1
3
10
3
1
12
Code
P
Q
R
S
T
U
Waterbox Nozzle Sizes
FRAME
PASS
4*
1
2
3
NOMINAL PIPE
SIZE (in.)
Cooler and Condenser
10
8
6
ACTUAL PIPE
ID (in.)
Cooler and Condenser
10.020
7.981
6.065
*Frame 4 waterboxes are factory fabricated with bolt-on covers.
Fig. 21 — Piping Flow Data (Frame 4)
21
DIMENSIONS
ENGLISH (ft-in.)
TANK SIZE
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
P
R
S
T
0428
10- 5
9-10
4-9
2-43⁄4 1-23⁄8 3-13⁄16 4-11
3-81⁄8 3- 8
2-97⁄16 3-2
0-31⁄2 4-83⁄4 1-77⁄8 1-75⁄16 3-73⁄4 5-01⁄4
0452
14-111⁄4 14- 41⁄2 5-07⁄8 2-81⁄2 1-41⁄4 3-47⁄16 7- 21⁄4 4-0
3-117⁄8 3-15⁄16 3-57⁄8 0-33⁄8 7-11⁄2 1-83⁄4 1-79⁄16 3-8
5-01⁄2
SI (mm)
TANK SIZE
0428
0452
A
3175
4553
B
2997
4382
C
1448
1546
D
730
826
E
365
413
F
945
1027
G
1499
2191
NOTES:
QTY
LOCATION
1
1
1
1
top
bottom
middle
middle
LEGEND
— American National Standards
Institute
ASHRAE — American Society of Heating,
Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers
OD
— Outside Diameter
UL
— Underwriters’ Laboratories
ANSI
→
J
1118
1216
K
849
948
L
965
1064
M
89
86
N
1442
2172
R
491
497
S
1111
1118
T
1530
1537
ENGLISH (lb)
TANK
SIZE
TANK
OD
(in.)
DRY
WEIGHT*
(lb)
0428
0452
24.00
27.25
2380
3460
MAXIMUM REFRIGERANT CAPACITY (lb)
ASHRAE/ANSI 15
UL 1963
(HCFC-22) (HFC-134a) (HCFC-22) (HFC-134a)
1842
1860
1704
1716
3527
3563
3264
3286
SI (kg)
TANK
SIZE
TANK
OD
(mm)
DRY
WEIGHT*
(kg)
0428
0452
610
592
1080
1569
MAXIMUM REFRIGERANT CAPACITY (kg)
ASHRAE/ANSI 15
UL 1963
(HCFC-22) (HFC-134a) (HCFC-22) (HFC-134a)
836
844
773
778
1600
1616
1481
1491
*The above dry weight includes the pumpout condensing unit weight of 210 lbs (95 kg).
Fig. 22 — Optional Pumpout System and/or Storage Tank
796
P
505
528
RATED DRY WEIGHT AND REFRIGERANT CAPACITY
1.
Denotes center of gravity.
2. Dimensions in ( ) are in millimeters.
3. The weights and center of gravity values given
are for an empty storage tank.
4. For additional information on the pumpout unit,
see certified drawings.
5. The available conduit knockout sizes are:
TRADE
SIZE
1⁄2(
3⁄4(
1(
11⁄4(
H
1121
1219
22
LEGEND
Hidden Piping
Field Supplied and Installed Piping
Factory Supplied and Installed Piping
Fig. 23 — Typical Optional Pumpout System Piping Schematic with Storage Tank
23
LEGEND
Field Supplied and Installed Piping
Factory Supplied and Installed Piping
Fig. 24 — Typical Optional Pumpout System Piping Schematic without Storage Tank
24
OIL RETURN
LINE
CONNECTION
VENT VALVE
Do not run 120-v wiring into the control center. The
control center should only be used for additional extra
low-voltage wiring (50 v maximum).
Wiring diagrams in this publication (Fig. 27-31) are for
reference only and are not intended for use during actual
installation; follow job specific wiring diagrams.
PUMPOUT
CONTROL BOX
(WIRING BY
CONTRACTOR)
CONDENSER
WATER
CONNECTIONS
(FIELD
INSTALLED)
REFRIGERANT
INLET VALVE
Fig. 25 — Pumpout Unit
INSTALL VENT PIPING TO RELIEF DEVICES — The
23XL chiller is factory equipped with relief devices on the
cooler and condenser shells. Refer to Fig. 26 and Table 7.
Vent relief devices to the outdoors in accordance with ANSI/
ASHRAE-15 (latest addition) Safety Code for Mechanical
Refrigeration and all other applicable codes.
To ensure relief valve serviceability and to fulfill
ASHRAE 15, latest edition, 3-way valves and redundant relief valves are installed. See Fig. 26. Only one half of the
total number of relief valves listed in Table 7 are in service
at any time.
NOTE: The relief valve tree is available on all condensers. It is also applicable to Frame 4 machines with
accessory isolation packages.
Fig. 26 — Typical 23XL Relief Valve Tree
Table 7 — Relief Device Locations
LOCATION
Refrigerant discharged into confined spaces can displace oxygen and cause asphyxiation.
FRAME
SIZE
1. If relief devices are manifolded, the cross-sectional area
of the relief pipe must at least equal the sum of the areas
required for individual relief pipes.
2. Provide a pipe plug near outlet side of each relief device
for leak testing. Provide pipe fittings that allow vent piping to be disconnected periodically for inspection of valve
mechanism.
3. Piping to relief devices must not apply stress to the
device. Adequately support piping. A length of flexible
tubing or piping near the device is essential on springisolated machines.
4. Cover the outdoor vent with a rain cap and place a
condensation drain at the low point in the vent piping to
prevent water build-up on the atmospheric side of the
relief device.
Cooler
Qty
1 or 2
1
4
1
Size
(in.)
3⁄4
FPT
1
FPT
Condenser
Qty
2
2
Size
(in.)
3 ⁄4
FPT
11⁄4
FPT
Oil
Separator
Qty
1*
2*
Size
(in.)
1⁄2
FL
3⁄4
FPT
Storage
Tank
(Optional)
Qty Size
(in.)
1
2
FPT
1
2
FPT
LEGEND
FPT — Female Pipe Thread
FL — Flare
*Relief valve is only available when an optional (factory installed) or
accessory (field installed) refrigerant isolation package is used.
Do not attempt to start compressor or apply test voltage
of any kind while machine is under dehydration vacuum.
Motor insulation breakdown and serious damage may
result.
Make Electrical Connections — Field wiring must
be installed in accordance with job wiring diagrams and all
applicable electrical codes.
25
CONNECT CONTROL INPUTS — Connect the control input wiring from the chilled and condenser water flow switches
to the starter terminal strip. Wiring may also be specified for
a spare safety switch and a remote start/stop contact can be
wired to the starter terminal strip. Additional spare sensors
and Carrier Control Network modules may be specified as
well. These are wired to the machine control center as indicated in Fig. 29-31.
IMPORTANT: Be sure to ground the power circuit in
accordance with the National Electrical Code (NEC),
applicable local codes, and job wiring diagrams. Also,
make sure correct phasing is observed for proper
rotation.
Freestanding, Field-Installed Starter — Assemble and install compressor terminal box in desired orientation, and cut
necessary conduit openings in conduit support plates. One
side of the box has a 45 degree surface next to the
90 degree surface. This additional surface permits the power
leads to enter the box at an angle which allows greater lead
separation with less bending. In addition, the shape of the
base of the terminal box is square with symmetrical screw
holes on all sides. This permits the cover assembly of the
box to be oriented on the base frame so that the 45 degree
surface mentioned above can be positioned on the top, side
or bottom for greater adaptation with respect to power lead
entry direction. Attach power leads to compressor terminals
in accordance with job wiring drawings, observing caution
label in terminal box. While holding bottom terminal stationary, torque top nut to 10-15 ft/lb (13.6-20.3 Nm). While
holding bottom terminal nut stationary, torque top nut down
until washer is flat and dome portion is not recognizable (10-15
ft-lb). Use only copper conductors. The motor must be grounded
in accordance with NEC, applicable local codes, and job wiring diagrams.
Connect only 24 v wiring to the control center.
CONNECT CONTROL OUTPUTS — Connect auxiliary
equipment, chilled and condenser water pumps, and spare
alarms as required and indicated on job wiring drawings.
CONNECT STARTER — The 23XL is available with either
a unit-mounted, factory-installed starter or a free-standing,
field-installed starter (Fig. 27 and 28).
Unit-Mounted, Factory-Installed Starter — Attach power leads
by connecting them from inside the starter cabinet to the line
side circuit breaker terminals. Machines with electromechanical starters (wye-delta) will have a top hat shipped
with the machine if the RLA is greater than 432 amps. The
top hat is shipped in the knocked-down position and must be
assembled and installed on top of the starter cabinet, over
the line side circuit breaker. During assembly, remove the
access plate and use it as the cover piece of the top hat. The
top hat provides additional wire bending space to attach line
side power leads to the circuit breaker within the starter. The
solid-state starter does not require a top hat.
26
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
LEGEND
Chilled Water Pump Starter
Condenser Water Pump Starter
Cooling Tower Fan Starter
Chilled Water Pump
Condenser Water Pump
Disconnect
Vents
Piping
Control Wiring
Power Wiring
NOTES:
1. Wiring and piping shown are for general point-of-connection only and are not
intended to show details for a specific installation. Certified field wiring and dimensional diagrams are available on request. 23XL machines should be installed using certified drawings.
2. All wiring must comply with applicable codes.
3. Refer to Carrier System Design Manual for details regarding piping techniques.
4. Wiring not shown for optional devices such as:
• remote start/stop
• remote alarm
• optional safety device
• 4 to 20 mA resets
• optional remote sensors
Fig. 27 — Typical 23XL with Optional Unit Mounted Starter (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
27
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
LEGEND
Chilled Water Pump Starter
Condenser Water Pump Starter
Cooling Tower Fan Starter
Condenser Water Pump
Chilled Water Pump
Disconnect
Freestanding Compressor Motor Starter
Compressor Motor Terminal Box
Power Panel (Hidden)
Vents
Piping
Control Wiring
Power Wiring
NOTES:
1. Wiring and piping shown are for general point-of-connection only and are not
intended to show details for a specific installation. Certified field wiring and dimensional diagrams are available on request. 23XL machines should be installed using certified drawings.
2. All wiring must comply with applicable codes.
3. Refer to Carrier System Design Manual for details regarding piping techniques.
4. Wiring not shown for optional devices such as:
• remote start/stop
• remote alarm
• optional safety device
• 4 to 20 mA resets
• optional remote sensors
Fig. 28 — Typical 23XL with Free-Standing Starter (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
28
IMPORTANT: Do not insulate terminals until wiring
arrangement has been checked and approved by
Carrier start-up personnel. Also, make sure correct phasing is followed for proper motor rotation.
The optional hot gas bypass valve is factory wired for
115 volts. If 230 v is used for control voltage, disconnect the red wire from the piggy-back terminal oil heater
contactor terminal 23 and yellow wire from the piggyback on pilot relay 3C terminal No. 4. Then connect
the red and yellow wires together with a splice
connector.
INSULATE MOTOR TERMINALS AND LEAD WIRE
ENDS — Insulate compressor motor terminals, lead wire ends,
and electrical wires to prevent moisture condensation and
electrical arcing. Obtain insulation material from machine
shipping package (located inside the motor terminal box) consisting of 3 rolls of insulation putty and one roll of vinyl
tape.
1. Insulate each terminal by wrapping with one layer of insulation putty.
2. Overwrap putty with 4 layers of vinyl tape.
CARRIER COMFORT NETWORK INTERFACE — The
Carrier Comfort Network (CCN) communication bus wiring
is supplied and installed by the controls/electrical contractor
(if required). The wiring consists of shielded, 3-conductor
cable with drain wire.
The system elements are connected to the communication
bus in a daisy chain arrangement. The positive pin of each
system element communication connector must be wired to
the positive pins of the system element on either side of it.
The negative pins must be wired to the negative pins. The
signal ground pins must be wired to the signal ground pins.
See Fig. 30 for location of the CCN network connector
(COMM1) on the processor module.
NOTE: Installer is responsible for any damage caused by
improper wiring between starter and compressor motor.
→ CONNECT POWER WIRE TO OIL HEATER CONTACTOR (FRAME 1 AND 2) — Connect control power wiring
between the oil heater contactor terminals (Fig. 29) and
terminals LL1 and LL2 on the field wiring strip in the
compressor motor starter. Refer to Fig. 29 and wiring label
on the chiller power panel
Voltage to terminals LL1 and LL2 comes from a control transformer in a starter built to Carrier specifications. Do not connect an outside source of control
power to the compressor motor starter (terminals LL1
and LL2). An outside power source will produce dangerous voltage at the line side of the starter, because
supplying voltage at the transformer secondary terminals produces input level voltage at the transformer
primary terminals.
NOTE: The voltage selector switch in the machine power
panel is factory set for 115 v control power source. When a
230 v control power source is used, set the voltage selector
switch at 230 v.
Fig. 30 — Carrier Comfort Network
Communication Bus Wiring
LEGEND
NOTE: Conductors and drain wire must be 20 AWG
(American Wire Gage) minimum stranded, tinned copper. Individual conductors must be insulated with PVC,
PVC/nylon, vinyl, Teflon, or polyethylene. An aluminum/
polyester 100% foil shield and an outer jacket of PVC, PVC/
nylon, chrome vinyl, or Teflon with a minimum operating temperature range of −4 F to 140 F (−20 C to 60 C)
is required. See table below for cables that meet the
requirements.
Field Wiring
Power Panel Component Terminal
Fig. 29 — Oil Heater and Control Power
Wiring Diagram (Frame 1 and 2 Machines)
CONNECT COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL WIRING FROM STARTER TO POWER PANEL — Connect
control wiring from main motor starter to the machine power
panel. All control wiring must use shielded cable. Also,
connect the communications cable. Refer to the job wiring
diagrams for cable type and cable number. Make sure the
control circuit is grounded in accordance with applicable
electrical codes and instructions on machine control wiring
label.
MANUFACTURER
Alpha
American
Belden
Columbia
29
CABLE NO.
2413 or 5463
A22503
8772
02525
796
When connecting the CCN communication bus to a system element, a color code system for the entire network is
recommended to simplify installation and checkout. The following color code is recommended:
SIGNAL TYPE
+
Ground
−
CCN BUS CONDUCTOR
INSULATION COLOR
Red
White
Black
10. Cut another CCN wire and strip the ends of the
conductors.
11. Connect the RED wire to the matching location on the
terminal strip.
12. Connect the WHITE wire to the matching location on
the terminal strip.
13. Connect the BLACK wire to the matching location on
the terminal strip.
COMM1 PLUG
PIN NO.
1
2
3
Install Field Insulation
If a cable with a different color scheme is selected, a similar color code should be adopted for the entire network.
At each system element, the shields of its communication
bus cables must be tied together. If the communication bus
is entirely within one building, the resulting continuous shield
must be connected to ground at only one single point. See
Fig. 31. If the communication bus cable exits from one building and enters another, the shields must be connected to ground
at the lightening suppressor in each building where the cable
enters or exits the building (one point only).
To connect the 23XL chiller to the network, proceed as
follows (Fig. 31):
1. Cut power to the PIC control center.
2. Remove the COMM1 plug from the processor module.
3. Cut a CCN wire and strip the ends of the RED, WHITE,
and BLACK conductors.
4. Using a wirenut, connect the drain wires together.
5. Insert and secure the RED wire to Terminal 1 of the
COMM1 plug.
6. Insert and secure the WHITE wire to Terminal 2 of the
COMM1 plug.
7. Insert and secure the BLACK wire to Terminal 3 of the
COMM1 plug.
8. Mount a terminal strip in a convenient location.
9. Connect the opposite ends of each conductor to separate
terminals on the terminal strip.
Protect insulation from weld heat damage and weld splatter. Cover with wet canvas cover during water piping
installation.
When installing insulation at the job site, insulate the following components:
• compressor motor
• cooler shell
• cooler tube sheets
• suction piping
• motor cooling drain
• oil reclaim piping (Frame 1 and 2 machines only)
• cooler liquid inlet piping
• hot gas bypass piping (if applicable)
• economizer and economizer piping (if applicable)
Insulation of the waterbox covers is applied only at the
jobsite. When insulating the covers, make sure there is access for removal of waterbox covers for servicing (Fig. 32
and 33).
Depending upon humidity conditions, field insulation of
the condenser’s bottom half may be required when the machine is not operating.
FACTORY-INSTALLED INSULATION (OPTIONAL) — Optional, factory-installed insulation is available for the evaporator shell and tube sheets, suction pipe, compressor motor,
refrigerant lines, oil reclaim piping, hot gas bypass (if applicable), and economizer and economizer piping (if applicable). The insulation is 3⁄4-in. (19 mm) thick.
30
23XL CHILLER
23XL CHILLER
23XL CHILLER
LEGEND
Factory Wiring
Field Wiring
*Field supplied terminal strip must be located in the control center.
Fig. 31 — Typical COMM1 CCN Communication Wiring for Multiple Chillers
31
→
Fig. 32 — 23XL Insulation Area for Frame 1 and 2 Machines
→
Fig. 33 — 23XL Insulation Area for Frame 4 Machines
796
32
2.1 Lug adapters may be required if installation conditions dictate that conductors be sized beyond the minimum ampacity required. Solid-state
starters are provided with:
A. Two (2) 0-250 MCM lugs provided per phase for power conductor
terminations when compressor motor RLA is 400 amps or less.
B. Three (3), 250-500 MCM lugs provided per phase for power conductor terminations when compressor motor RLA is more than
400 amps.
Wye-Delta starters are provided with:
A. Two (2) 250-500 MCM lugs provided per phase for power conductor terminators when compressor motor RLA is 420 amps or less.
B. Two (2) #1-500 MCM lugs provided per phase for power conductor
terminations when compressor motor RLA is more than
420 amps.
2.2 Power conductors to starter must enter through top of enclosure. Flexible conduit should be used for the last few feet to the enclosure to
provide unit vibration isolation.
2.3 Compressor motor and controls must be grounded by using equipment grounding lugs provided inside starter enclosure.
2.4 Wye-Delta starters require the assembly and the installation of a ‘‘Top
Hat’’ (located inside enclosure) to provide the required wire bending
space for incoming power leads.
III. CONTROL WIRING
3.0 Field supplied control conductors to be at least 18 AWG (American Wire
Gage) or larger.
3.1 Chilled water and condenser water flow switch contacts, optional remote start device contacts and optional spare safety device contacts,
must have 24 vdc rating. Max current is 60 ma, nominal current
is 10 ma. Switches with gold plated bifurcated contacts are
recommended.
3.2 Remove jumper wire between 12A and 12B before connecting auxiliary safeties between these terminals.
3.3 Pilot relays can control cooler and condenser pump and tower fan motor contactor coil loads rated 10 amps at 115 vac up to 3 amps at 600
vac. Control wiring required for Carrier to start pumps and tower fan
motors must be provided to assure machine protection. If primary pump
and tower fan motor control is by other means, also provide a parallel
means for control by Carrier. Do not use starter control transformer as
the power source for pilot relay loads.
3.4 Do not route control wiring carrying 30 v or less within a conduit which
has wires carrying 50 v or higher or along side wires carrying 50 v or
higher.
IMPORTANT: Refer to certified drawings for additional information. Certified drawings are available upon
request.
LEGEND
Required Power Wiring
Required Control Wiring
Options Wiring
NOTES:
I. GENERAL
1.0 Starters shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with
Carrier Engineering Requirement Z-375.
1.1 All field-supplied conductors, devices, field-installation wiring, and termination of conductors and devices, must be in compliance with all
applicable codes and job specifications.
1.2 The routing of field-installed conduit and conductors and the location
of field-installed, devices must not interfere with equipment access or
the reading, adjusting, or servicing of any component.
1.3 Equipment installation and all starting and control devices must comply with details in equipment submittal drawings and literature.
1.4 Contacts and switches are shown in the position they would assume
with the circuit deenergized and the chiller shut down.
1.5 WARNING — Do not use aluminum conductors.
II. POWER WIRING TO STARTER
2.0 Power conductor rating must meet minimum unit nameplate voltage
and compressor motor RLA (rated load amps).
When (3) conductors are used:
Minimum ampacity per conductor = 1.25 x compressor RLA
When (6) conductors are used:
Minimum ampacity per conductor = 0.721 x compressor RLA
Fig. 34 — 23XL Typical Field Wiring with Optional Unit-Mounted Starter (Frame 1 and 2 Machines Shown)
33
IMPORTANT: Wiring shown is typical and not intended to show detail
for a specific installation. Refer to certified field wiring diagrams for
additional information. Certified drawings are available upon request.
LEGEND
Required Power Wiring
Required Control Wiring
Options Wiring
NOTES:
I. GENERAL
1.0 Starters shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with Carrier Engineering Requirement Z-375.
1.1 All field-supplied conductors, devices, field-installation wiring, and termination of
conductors and devices, must be in compliance with all applicable codes and job
specifications.
1.2 The routing of field-installed conduit and conductors and the location of fieldinstalled devices, must not interfere with equipment access or the reading, adjusting, or servicing of any component.
1.3 Equipment, installation, and all starting and control devices must comply with details in equipment submittal drawings and literature.
1.4 Contacts and switches are shown in the position they would assume with the circuit
deenergized and the chiller shut down.
1.5 WARNING — Do not use aluminum conductors.
1.6 Installer is responsible for any damage caused by improper wiring between starter
and machine.
II. POWER WIRING TO STARTER
2.0 Power conductor rating must meet minimum unit nameplate voltage and compressor motor RLA (rated load amps).
When (3) conductors are used:
Minimum ampacity per conductor = 1.25 x compressor RLA
When (6) conductors are used:
Minimum ampacity per conductor = 0.721 x compressor RLA
2.1 Lug adapters may be required if installation conditions dictate that conductors be
sized beyond the minimum ampacity required. Contact starter supplier for lug
information.
2.2 Compressor motor and controls must be grounded by using equipment grounding
lugs provided inside starter enclosure.
→
III. CONTROL WIRING
3.0 Field supplied control conductors to be at least 18 AWG (American Wire Gage) or
larger.
3.1 Chilled water and condenser water flow switch contacts, optional remote start
device contacts and optional spare safety device contacts, must have 24 vdc rating.
Max current is 60 ma, nominal current is 10 ma. Switches with gold plated
biurcated contacts are recommended.
3.2 Remove jumper wire between 12A and 12B before connecting auxiliary safeties between these terminals.
3.3 Pilot relays can control cooler and condenser pump and tower fan motor contactor
coil loads rated 10 amps at 115 vac up to 3 amps at 600 vac. Control wiring required
for Carrier to start pumps and tower fan motors must be provided to assure machine
protection. If primary pump and tower fan motor control is by other means, also
provide a parallel means for control by Carrier. Do not use starter control transformer as the power source for pilot relay loads.
3.4 Do not route control wiring carrying 30 v or less within a conduit which has wires
carrying 50 v or higher or along side wires carrying 50 v or higher.
3.5 Voltage selector switch in machine power panel is factory set for 115 v control power
source. When 230 v control power source is used, set switch to 230 v
position.
3.6 Control wiring cables between starter and power panel must be shielded with minimum rating of 600 v, 80 C. Ground shield at starter.
3.7 Voltage to terminals LL1 and LL2 comes from a control transformer in a starter built
to Carrier specifications. Do not connect an outside source of control power to the
compressor motor starter (terminals LL1 and LL2). An outside power source will
produce dangerous voltage at the line side of the starter, because supplying voltage
at the transformer secondary terminals produces input level voltage at the transformer primary terminals.
IV. POWER WIRING BETWEEN STARTER AND COMPRESSOR MOTOR
4.0 Low voltage (600 v or less) compressor motors have (6) 1⁄2 in. terminal studs (lead
connectors not supplied by Carrier). Either 3 or 6 leads must be run between compressor motor and starter, depending on type of motor starter employed. If only 3
leads are required, jumper motor terminals as follows: 1 to 6, 2 to 4, 3 to 5. Center
to center distance between terminals is 2.73 inches. Compressor motor starter must
have nameplate stamped as to conforming with Carrier requirement ‘‘Z-375.’’
4.1 When more than one conduit is used to run conductors from starter to compressor
motor terminal box, one conductor from each phase must be in each conduit, to
prevent excessive heating. (e.g., conductors to motor terminals 1, 2 and 3 in one
conduit, and these to 4, 5 and 6 in another.)
4.2 Compressor motor power connections can be made through top, bottom, or right
side of compressor motor terminal box by rotating the terminal box and using holes
cut by contractor to suit conduit. Flexible conduit should be used for the last few feet
to the terminal box for unit vibration isolation. Use of stress cones or 12 conductors
larger than 500 MCM may require an oversize (special) motor terminal box (not
supplied by Carrier). Lead connections between 3-phase motors and their
starters must not be insulated until Carrier personnel have checked compressor
rotation.
4.3 Compressor motor frame to be grounded in accordance with the National Electrical
Code (NFPA-70) and applicable codes. Means for grounding compressor motor is
(2) Thomas and Betts pressure connectors for 350 to 800 MCM wire, supplied and
located in the back upper and lower right side corners of the compressor motor
terminal box.
4.4 Do not allow motor terminals to support weight of wire cables. Use cable supports
and strain reliefs as required.
4.5 Use back up wrench when tightening lead connectors to motor terminal studs. Torque
to 10-15 lb-ft maximum.
Fig. 35 — 23XL Typical Field Wiring with Free-Standing Starter (Frame 1 and 2 Machines Shown)
Copyright 1994 Carrier Corporation
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 2
PC 211
Catalog No. 532-303
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 23XL-2SI
Pg 34
796
9-94
Replaces: 23XL-1SI
Tab 5e
CUT ALONG DOTTED LINE
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INSTALLATION START-UP REQUEST CHECKLIST
Machine Model Number: 23XL
Serial Number:
To:
Date
Project Name
Attn:
Carrier Job Number
The following information provides the status of the chiller installation.
YES/NO
(N/A)
1. The machine is level.
2. The machine components are installed and connected in
accordance with the installation instructions.
3. The isolation package and grouting (if necessary)
are installed.
4. The relief valves are piped to the atmosphere.
5. All piping is installed and supported. Direction of flow
is indicated in accordance with the installation instructions
and job prints.
a. Chilled water piping
b. Condenser water piping
c. Waterbox drain piping
d. Pumpout unit condenser piping (if installed)
e. Other
6. Gages are installed as called for on the job prints required
to establish design flow for the cooler and condenser.
a. Water pressure gages IN and OUT
b. Water temperature gages IN and OUT
7. The machine’s starter wiring is complete. The wiring is
installed per installation instructions and certified prints.
a. Power wiring to compressor motor. (Motor leads will
not be taped until the Carrier technician megger tests
the motor.)
b. Oil heater/control wiring (if applicable)
c. Other
8. The motor starter has not been supplied by Carrier. It
has been installed according to the manufacturer’s
instructions.
9. The motor starter has not been supplied by Carrier and it
has been checked for proper operation.
COMMENTS:
CL-1
DATE TO BE
COMPLETED
TESTING
YES/NO
DATE TO BE
COMPLETED
1. The cooling tower fan has been checked for blade pitch and
proper operation.
2. The chilled water and condenser water lines have been:
a. Filled
b. Tested
c. Flushed
d. Vented
e. Strainers cleaned
3. The chilled water and condenser water pumps have been
checked for proper rotation and flow.
4. The following cooling load will be available for start-up:
a. 25%
b. 50%
c. 75%
d. 100%
5. The refrigerant charge is at the machine.
6. Services such as electrical power and control air will be available at start-up.
7. The electrical and mechanical representatives will be available
to assist in commissioning the machine.
8. The customer’s operators will be available to receive instructions for proper operation of the chiller after start-up.
Concerns about the installation/request for additional assistance:
I am aware that the start-up time for a Carrier chiller can take between 2 and 6 days depending on the model of the machine and
the options and accessories used with it.
Your contact at the job site will be
Phone number
Beeper number
Fax number
In accordance with our contract, we hereby request the services of your technician to render start-up services per contract terms
for this job on
(Date). I understand that the technician’s time will be charged as extra services due to correcting items
in this checklist that are incomplete or damaged during rigging or shipping.
Signature of Purchaser
Signature of Job Site Supervisor
Copyright 1994 Carrier Corporation
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 2
PC 211
Catalog No. 532-303
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 23XL-2SI
Pg CL-2
796
9-94
Replaces: 23XL-1SI
Tab 5e
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