Carrier 38EYA Heat Pump User Manual

38EYA
12 SEER Split-System
Heat Pump with Puron®
Visit www.carrier.com
Installation and Start-Up Instructions
NOTE: Read the entire instruction manual before starting the
installation.
This symbol → indicates a change since the last issue.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance,
or use can cause explosion, fire, electrical shock, or other
conditions which may cause death, personal injury, or property
damage. Consult a qualified installer, service agency, or your
distributor or branch for information or assistance. The qualified
installer or agency must use factory-authorized kits or accessories
when modifying this product. Refer to the individual instructions
packaged with the kits or accessories when installing.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing,
and work gloves. Use quenching cloth for brazing operations.
Have fire extinguisher available. Read these instructions thoroughly and follow all warnings or cautions included in literature
and attached to the unit. Consult local building codes and National
Electrical Code (NEC) for special requirements.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety-alert symbol
.
When you see this symbol on the unit and in instructions or
manuals, be alert to the potential for personal injury.
Understand the signal words DANGER, WARNING, and CAUTION. These words are used with the safety-alert symbol. DANGER identifies the most serious hazards which will result in severe
personal injury or death. WARNING signifies hazards which
could result in personal injury or death. CAUTION is used to
identify unsafe practices which would result in minor personal
injury or product and property damage.
Before installing, modifying, or servicing system, main electrical disconnect switch must be in the OFF position. There
may be more than 1 disconnect switch. Lock out and tag
switch with a suitable warning label. Electrical shock can
cause personal injury or death.
A99327
Fig. 1—Model 38EYA
4. Leave some slack between structure and unit to absorb
vibration.
5. When passing refrigerant tubes through the wall, seal opening
with RTV or other pliable silicon-based caulk. (See Fig. 2.)
6. Avoid direct tubing contact with water pipes, duct work, floor
joists, wall studs, floors, and walls.
7. Do not suspend refrigerant tubing from joists and studs with a
rigid wire or strap which comes in direct contact with tubing.
(See Fig. 2.)
8. Ensure that tubing insulation is pliable and completely surrounds vapor tube.
9. When necessary, use hanger straps which are 1 in. wide and
conform to shape of tubing insulation. (See Fig. 2.)
10. Isolate hanger straps from insulation by using metal sleeves
bent to conform to shape of insulation.
INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
NOTE: In some cases noise in the living area has been traced to
gas pulsations from improper installation of equipment.
When outdoor unit is connected to factory-approved indoor unit,
outdoor unit contains system refrigerant charge for operation with
indoor unit of same size when connected by 15 ft of field-supplied
or factory accessory tubing. Add (or subtract) 0.6 oz/ft of 3/8
liquid line for lengths greater (or less) than 15 ft. For proper unit
operation, check refrigerant charge using charging information
located on control box cover and/or in the Check Charge section of
this instruction.
1. Locate unit away from windows, patios, decks, etc. where unit
operation sound may disturb customer.
IMPORTANT: Maximum liquid-line size is 3/8-in. O.D. for all
residential applications including long line.
2. Ensure that vapor and liquid tube diameters are appropriate to
capacity of unit.
IMPORTANT: Always install the factory-supplied Puron® heat
pump (bi-flow) liquid-line filter drier. If replacing the filter drier,
refer to Product Data Digest for appropriate part number. Obtain
replacement filter driers from your distributor or branch.
Puron® (R-410A) systems operate at higher pressures than
standard R-22 systems. Be certain that service equipment is
rated for Puron®. Some R-22 service equipment may not be
acceptable. Check with your distributor.
3. Run refrigerant tubes as directly as possible by avoiding
unnecessary turns and bends.
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 4
PC 101
Catalog No. 533-80006
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 38EYA-3SI
Pg 1
4-01
Replaces: 38EYA-2SI
Tab 5a 5a
NOTE: Avoid contact between tubing and structure
OUTDOOR WALL
INDOOR WALL
CAULK
LIQUID TUBE
C
VAPOR TUBE
INSULATION
THROUGH THE WALL
JOIST
HANGER STRAP
(AROUND VAPOR
TUBE ONLY)
3⁄8″D. (9.53) TIEDOWN
KNOCKOUTS (2) PLACES
INSULATION
VAPOR TUBE
A
B
A94199
DIMENSIONS (IN.)
1″ MIN.
LIQUID TUBE
UNIT
SIZE
MINIMUM
MOUNTING PAD
DIMENSIONS
018, 024, 030
036–060
22-1/2 X 22-1/2
30 X 30
SUSPENSION
A94028
TIEDOWN KNOCKOUT
LOCATIONS
A
B
C
3-11/16 18-1/8 14-3/8
6-1/2
23-1/2
20
Fig. 3—Mounting Unit to Pad
Fig. 2—Connecting Tubing Installation
INSTALLATION
IMPORTANT: Specifications for this unit in residential new
construction market require using the outdoor unit, indoor unit,
refrigerant tubing sets, metering device, and filter drier listed in
presale literature. There can be no deviation. Consult the Application Guideline and Service Manual for Residential Split-System
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps using Puron® Refrigerant to
obtain required unit changes for specific applications and for R-22
retrofit.
Step 1—Check Equipment and Job Site
UNPACK UNIT
Move to final location. Remove carton taking care not to damage
unit.
INSPECT EQUIPMENT
File claim with shipping company prior to installation if shipment
is damaged or incomplete. Locate unit rating plate on unit corner
panel. It contains information needed to properly install unit.
Check rating plate to be sure unit matches job specifications.
Step 2—Install On a Solid, Level Mounting Pad
If conditions or local codes require the unit be attached to pad, tie
down bolts should be used and fastened through knockouts
provided in unit base pan. Refer to unit mounting pattern in Fig. 3
to determine base pan size and knockout hole location.
On rooftop applications, mount on level platform or frame. Place
unit above a load-bearing wall and isolate unit and tubing set from
structure. Arrange supporting members to adequately support unit
and minimize transmission of vibration to building. Consult local
codes governing rooftop applications.
Do not allow POE lubricant to come into contact with roofing
material. POE may determine certain types of synthetic
roofing.
Roof mounted units exposed to winds above 5 mph may require
wind baffles. Consult the Application Guideline and Service
Manual for Residential Split-System Air Conditioners and Heat
Pumps using Puron® Refrigerant for wind baffle construction.
NOTE: Unit must be level to within ± 2° (± 3/8 in./ft) per
compressor manufacturer specifications.
Step 3—Clearance Requirements
When installing, allow sufficient space for airflow clearance,
wiring, refrigerant piping, and service. Allow 30-in. clearance to
service end of unit and 48 in. above unit. For proper airflow, a 6-in.
clearance on 1 side of unit and 12 in. on all remaining sides must
be maintained. Maintain a distance of 24 in. between units.
Position so water, snow, or ice from roof or eaves cannot fall
directly on unit.
On rooftop applications, locate unit at least 6 in. above roof
surface.
Step 4—Operating Ambients
The minimum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode without
additional accessories is 55°F, and the maximum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 125°F. The maximum outdoor
operating ambient in heating mode is 66°F.
2
Step 5—Elevate Unit
and feeder tube going into outdoor coil. At the end of 1 of the
feeder tubes, there is a 3/8-in. OD stub tube approximately 3 in.
long. (See Fig. 6.) The defrost thermostat should be located on stub
tube. Note that there is only 1 stub tube used with liquid header,
and on most units it is the bottom circuit.
Step 8—In Long-Line Applications, Install Liquid-Line
Solenoid Valve (LSV)
For refrigerant piping arrangements with equivalent lengths
greater than 50 ft or when elevation difference between indoor and
outdoor unit is greater than ± 20 ft, follow all requirements of the
Long-Line Guideline section in the Application Guideline and
Accumulation of water and ice in base pan may cause
equipment damage.
Elevate unit per local climate and code requirements to provide
clearance above estimated snowfall level and ensure adequate
drainage of unit.
COIL
SENSING BULB
SENSING
BULB
STRAP
EQUALIZER
TUBE
8 O'CLOCK
THERMOSTATIC
EXPANSION
VALVE
4 O'CLOCK
A00399
Fig. 5—Positioning of Sensing Bulb
FEEDER TUBE
A88382
STUB TUBE
Fig. 4—Typical TXV Installation
Step 6—Check Indoor Expansion Device
For proper unit operation and reliability, units must be
installed with hard shutoff TXV specifically designed to
operate with Puron®. Do not use R-22 TXV. Do not install
with evaporator coils having capillary tube metering devices
or pistons.
DEFROST
THERMOSTAT
For TXV kit part number and charging instructions, refer to TXV
label in outdoor unit.
FURNACE COILS
A97517
If TXV installation is required, remove existing AccuRater® from
indoor coil. Refer to Fig. 4 and 5 and install TXV kit (specifically
designed for Puron®) as follows:
Fig. 6—Defrost Thermostat Location
Service Manual for Residential Split-System Air Conditioners and
Heat Pumps Using Puron® Refrigerant.
If required by Long-Line Application Guideline, install LSV kit
part No. KHALS0401LLS specifically designed for Puron® Heat
Pump. LSV should be installed between filter drier and indoor coil,
as close as possible to filter drier. Follow the Installation Instructions included with accessory kit.
IMPORTANT: Flow arrow must point toward outdoor unit.
Step 9—Making Piping Connections
1. Install suction tube adapter.
2. Install liquid flare-to-sweat adapter.
3. Connect external equalizer tube to fitting on suction tube
adapter.
4. Position sensing bulb on horizontal portion of suction tube
adapter. Secure using supplied hardware.
5. Insulate bulb after installation. (See Fig. 5.)
6. Leak check all connections.
FAN COILS
Relieve pressure and recover all refrigerant before system
repair or final unit disposal to avoid personal injury or death.
Use all service ports and open all flow-control devices,
including solenoid valves.
If indoor unit (fan coil) comes factory equipped with a bi-flow
hard shutoff TXV specifically designed for Puron®, no TXV
change is required.
If fan coil is not designed for Puron®, a Puron® TXV installation
is required. Refer to TXV kit Installation Instructions for details on
TXV installation.
Step 7—Check Defrost Thermostat
Check defrost thermostat to ensure it is properly located and
securely attached. There is a liquid header with a brass distributor
3
Table 1—Refrigerant Connections and Recommended Liquid Line and Vapor Tube Diameters (In.)
UNIT
SIZE
018, 024
030
036
042, 048
060
CONNECTION DIAMETER
Liquid
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
Vapor
5/8
3/4
3/4
7/8
1-1/8
TUBE DIAMETER
(ALTERNATE)
TUBE DIAMETER
Liquid
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
Vapor
5/8
3/4
3/4
7/8
1-1/8
Vapor
3/4 ACR
7/8
7/8
7/8
7/8
RST TUBE
DIAMETERS
NOT PERMITTED
Vapor
3/4
1-1/8
1-1/8
3/4 and 1-1/8
3/4
NOTES:
1. Tube diameters are for lengths up to 50 ft. For tubing lengths greater than 50 ft, consult the Application Guideline and Service Manual — Residential Split-System
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using Puron® Refrigerant.
2. Refrigerant tubes and indoor coils must be evacuated to 500 microns to minimize contamination and moisture in the system.
SWEAT/FLARE
ADAPTER
Do not leave system open to atmosphere any longer than
minimum required for installation. POE oil in compressor is
extremely susceptible to moisture absorption. Always keep
ends of tubing sealed during installation.
TEFLON
SEAL
If ANY refrigerant tubing is buried, provide a 6 in. vertical
rise at service valve. Refrigerant tubing lengths up to 36 in.
may be buried.
PISTON
PISTON BODY
To prevent damage to unit or service valves observe the
following:
• Use a brazing shield
• Wrap service valves with wet cloth or use a heat sink
material.
LIQUID SERVICE VALVE
A99441
Fig. 7—Liquid Service Valve with Sweat Adapter
Tube
Outdoor units may be connected to indoor section using accessory
tubing package or field-supplied refrigerant grade tubing of correct
size and condition. For tubing requirements beyond 50 ft, substantial capacity and performance losses can occur. Following the
recommendations in the Application Guideline and Service
Manual for Residential Split-System Air Conditioners and Heat
Pumps using Puron® Refrigerant to minimize losses. Refer to
Table 1 for field tubing diameters. Refer to Table 2 for accessory
requirements.
Refrigerant tubes and indoor coil must be evacuated to 500
microns to minimize contamination and moisture in the system.
OUTDOOR UNIT CONNECTED TO FACTORY-APPROVED
INDOOR UNIT
LIQUID-LINE
FILTER-DRIER
These outdoor units are carefully evaluated and listed with specific
indoor coils for proper system performance.
LIQUID
SERVICE
VALVE
IMPORTANT: Do not apply indoor coils which are not factory
approved to these units.
INSTALL ADAPTER TUBE
1. Remove plastic retainer holding outdoor piston in liquid
service valve.
2. Check outdoor piston size with matching number listed on unit
rating plate.
3. Locate plastic bag taped to unit containing adapter tube.
4. Remove teflon washer from bag and install on open end of
liquid service valve. (See Fig. 7.)
A00431
5. Remove adapter tube from bag and connect threaded nut to
liquid service valve. Tighten nut finger tight and then with
Fig. 8—Filter Drier with Sweat Adapter Tube and
Liquid Tube
4
Table 2—Accessory Usage
Crankcase Heater
Evaporator Freeze Thermostat
Compressor Start Assist—Capacitor and Relay
Puron® Low-Ambient Pressure Switch
Wind Baffle
Support Feet
Hard Shutoff TXV
REQUIRED FOR LOW-AMBIENT
APPLICATIONS
(BELOW 55°F)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
See Low-Ambient Instructions
Recommended
Yes†
Liquid-Line Solenoid Valve for Heating
No
ACCESSORY
REQUIRED FOR LONG-LINE
APPLICATIONS*
(OVER 50 FT)
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes†
See Long-Line
Application Guideline
* For tubing line sets between 50 and 175 ft, or when vertical difference is greater than 20 ft, refer to Application Guideline and Service Manual — Residential Split-System
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using Puron®.
† Required for all applications.
wrench an additional 1/12 turn (15 ft-lb). DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN.
MICRONS
REFRIGERANT TUBING AND FILTER DRIER
Installation of filter drier in liquid line is required.
Connect vapor tubing to fittings on outdoor unit vapor service
valves. Connect liquid tube to filter drier. (See Table 1 and Fig. 8.)
Use refrigerant grade tubing. Connect other end of filter drier to
adapter tube on liquid service valve.
SWEAT CONNECTION
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
LEAK IN
SYSTEM
VACUUM TIGHT
TOO WET
TIGHT
DRY SYSTEM
0
To avoid valve damage while brazing, service valves must be
wrapped in a heat-sink material such as a wet cloth.
1
2
3
4
MINUTES
5
6
7
A95424
A95424
Fig. 9—Deep Vacuum Graph
Wrap service valves and filter drier with a wet cloth or heatsinking material. Braze connections using either silver bearing or
non-silver bearing brazing material. Do not use soft solder
(materials which melt below 800°F.) Consult local code requirements.
LEAK CHECKING
EVACUATE
Leak test all joints in indoor, outdoor, and refrigerant tubing.
EVACUATE REFRIGERANT TUBING AND INDOOR COIL
BREAK VACUUM WITH DRY NITROGEN
WAIT
Never use the system compressor as a vacuum pump.
Refrigerant tubes and indoor coil should be evacuated using the
recommended deep vacuum method of 500 microns. The alternate
triple evacuation method may be used if the procedure outlined
below is followed.
BREAK VACUUM WITH DRY NITROGEN
IMPORTANT: Never open system under vacuum to atmosphere
without first breaking it open with nitrogen.
WAIT
EVACUATE
Deep Vacuum Method
EVACUATE
The deep vacuum method requires a vacuum pump capable of
pulling a vacuum of 500 microns and a vacuum gage capable of
accurately measuring this vacuum depth. The deep vacuum
method is the most positive way of assuring a system is free of air
and liquid water. (See Fig. 9.)
CHECK FOR TIGHT, DRY SYSTEM
(IF IT HOLDS DEEP VACUUM)
Triple Evacuation Method
CHARGE SYSTEM
The triple evacuation method should only be used when vacuum
pump is only capable of pumping down to 28 in. of mercury
vacuum and system does not contain any liquid water. Refer to
Fig. 10 and proceed as follows:
A95425
Fig. 10—Triple Evacuation Method
5
DISCONNECT
PER N.E.C. AND/OR
LOCAL CODES
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted or unbroken
ground to minimize personal injury if an electrical fault
should occur. The ground may consist of electrical wire or
metal conduit when installed in accordance with existing
electrical codes. Failure to follow this warning can result in an
electric shock, fire, or death.
CONTACTOR
FIELD POWER
WIRING
3 PHASE ONLY
BLUE
CONNECT GROUND AND POWER WIRES
Connect ground wire to ground connection in control box for
safety. Connect power wiring to contactor as shown in Fig. 11.
FIELD GROUND
WIRING
GROUND
LUG
CONNECT CONTROL WIRING
Route 24-v control wires through control wiring grommet and
connect leads to control wiring. (See Fig. 12-17.)
A94025
Fig. 11—Line Power Connections
Use No. 18 AWG color-coded, insulated (35°C minimum) wire. If
thermostat is located more than 100 ft from unit, as measured
along the control voltage wires, use No. 16 AWG color-coded wire
to avoid excessive voltage drop.
1. Pump system down to 28 in. of mercury and allow pump to
continue operating for an additional 15 minutes.
2. Close service valves and shut off vacuum pump.
3. Connect a nitrogen cylinder and regulator to system and open
until system pressure is 2 psig.
4. Close service valve and allow system to stand for 1 hr. During
this time, dry nitrogen will be able to diffuse throughout the
system absorbing moisture.
5. Repeat this procedure as indicated in Fig. 10. System will then
be free of any contaminants and water vapor.
FINAL TUBING CHECK
IMPORTANT: Check to be certain factory tubing on both indoor
and outdoor unit has not shifted during shipment. Ensure tubes are
not rubbing against each other or any sheet metal. Pay close
attention to feeder tubes, making sure wire ties on feeder tubes are
secure and tight.
Step 10—Make Electrical Connections
All wiring must be NEC Class 1 and must be separated from
incoming power leads.
Use furnace transformer, fan coil transformer, or accessory transformer for control power, 24-v/40-va minimum.
NOTE: Use of available 24-v accessories may exceed the minimum 40-va power requirement. Determine total transformer loading and increase the transformer capacity or split the load with an
accessory transformer as required.
FINAL WIRING CHECK
IMPORTANT: Check factory wiring and field wire connections
to ensure terminations are secured properly. Check wire routing to
ensure wires are not in contact with tubing, sheet metal, etc.
Step 11—Compressor Crankcase Heater
When equipped with a crankcase heater, furnish power to heater a
minimum of 24 hr before starting unit. To furnish power to heater
only, set thermostat to OFF and close electrical disconnect to
outdoor unit.
To avoid personal injury or death, do not supply power to unit
with compressor terminal box cover removed.
A crankcase heater is required in long-line applications (tubing
greater than 50 ft. or elevation greater than 20 ft. between indoor
and outdoor units). Refer to Application Guideline and Service
Manual for Residential Split-System Air Conditioners and Heat
Pumps Using Puron® Refrigerant.
Be sure field wiring complies with local and national fire, safety,
and electrical codes, and voltage to system is within limits shown
on unit rating plate. Contact local power company to correct
improper voltage. See unit rating plate for recommended circuit
protection device.
NOTE: Operation of unit on improper line voltage constitutes
abuse and could affect unit reliability. See unit rating plate. Do not
install unit in system where voltage or phase imbalance (3-phase)
may fluctuate above or below permissible limits.
NOTE: Use copper wire only between disconnect switch and
unit.
NOTE: Install branch circuit disconnect of adequate size per
NEC to handle unit starting current. Locate disconnect within sight
from and readily accessible from unit, per Section 440-14 of NEC.
ROUTE GROUND AND POWER WIRES
Remove access panel to gain access to unit wiring. Extend wires
from disconnect through power wiring hole provided and into unit
control box.
Step 12—Install Electrical Accessories
Refer to the individual instructions packaged with kits or accessories when installing.
Step 13—Start-Up
To prevent compressor damage or personal injury, observe
the following:
• Do not overcharge system with refrigerant.
• Do not operate unit in a vacuum or at negative pressure.
• Do not disable low-pressure switch
In scroll compressor applications:
• Dome temperatures may be hot
To prevent personal injury wear safety glasses, protective
clothing, and gloves when handling refrigerant.
6
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL HP
INDOOR FAN
HEAT STAGE 2
24 VAC HOT
R
INDOOR FAN
G
RVS COOLING
O/W2
E
W2
C
NOT USED
B
TROUBLE
L
G
HEAT STAGE 2 W/W1
*
W2
W3 *
Y
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y/Y2
RVS COOLING
O/W2
NOT USED
Y1/W2
W2
Y
O
C
C
ODT
E
O
Y1/W2
24 VAC COM
R
R
W2 *
W/W1
ONE
OUTDOOR
THERMOSTAT
HEAT
PUMP
W3
G
G
Y/Y2
OPTIONAL
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL
R
R
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
NOT USED
HEAT
PUMP
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL
R
24 VAC HOT
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL HP
* IF AVAILABLE
24 VAC COM
C
NOT USED
B
TROUBLE
L
C
C
S1
OPTIONAL
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
S2
S1
S2
A97561
NOTE: Remove wires from crimp nut in indoor fan coil
when installing outdoor thermostat.
IMPORTANT: When using outdoor thermostat, W2 must be
energized when requesting supplemental heat.
A97562
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL HP
24 VAC HOT
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL
HEAT STAGE 2
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
RVS COOLING
NOT USED
ODT
W3
R
EHR
INDOOR FAN
HEAT
PUMP
R
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL HP
FV4A
FAN COIL
24 VAC HOT
R
INDOOR FAN
G
W/W1
W2
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y/Y2
RVS COOLING
O/W2
Y/Y2
Y
NOT USED
Y1/W2
O
O
24 VAC COM
C
C
C
NOT USED
B
Y1
TROUBLE
L
W1
W2
Y
O/W2
EHR
Y1/W2
B
TROUBLE
L
R
HEAT STAGE 2
Y/Y2
NOT USED
J1 JUMPER
G
W/W1
C
HEAT
PUMP
G
G
24 VAC COM
DH
R
R
W2
O
ODT
E
OPTIONAL
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
TWO
OUTDOOR
THERMOSTATS
EHR
C
C
OPTIONAL
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
S1
W2
J2 JUMPER
S1
S2
S2
A97564
NOTE: Remove wires from crimp nut in indoor fan coil
when installing outdoor thermostats.
IMPORTANT: When using outdoor thermostats, W2 must be
energized when requesting supplemental heat.
A97563
Fig. 12—Typical 24-v Circuit Connections using Carrier Model HP Thermostat with Fan Coils and No Outdoor
Thermostat, 1 Outdoor Thermostat, or 2 Outdoor Thermostats
7
OTHER BRAND
HP THERMOSTAT
24 VAC HOT
24 VAC COM
HEAT STAGE 2
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
INDOOR FAN
HEAT
PUMP
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL
C
C
W2 *
W2
E
Y
G
EMERGENCY
HEAT
E
24 VAC HOT
R
24 VAC COM
C
HEAT STAGE 2
W2
W2
*
Y
W3 *
O
ONE
OUTDOOR
THERMOSTAT
ODT
W3
C
RVS COOLING
HEAT
PUMP
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL
R
R
R
OTHER BRAND
HP THERMOSTAT
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y
INDOOR FAN
G
R
R
C
C
W2
W2
E
G
Y
O
G
* IF AVAILABLE
RVS COOLING
O
EMERGENCY
HEAT
E
O
NOTE: Remove wires from crimp nut in indoor fan coil
when installing outdoor thermostat.
A97577
IMPORTANT: When using outdoor thermostat, W2 must be
energized when requesting supplemental heat.
A97578
OTHER BRAND
HP THERMOSTAT
24 VAC HOT
W3
R
EHR
24 VAC COM
HEAT STAGE 2
TWO
OUTDOOR
HEAT
PUMP THERMOSTATS
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL
ODT
*
FV4A
FAN COIL
24 VAC HOT
R
C
R
R
24 VAC COM
C
C
HEAT STAGE 2
W2
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y
INDOOR FAN
G
C
W2
W2 *
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y
INDOOR FAN
G
RVS COOLING
O
EHR
W2
*
DH
HEAT
PUMP
J1 JUMPER
R
R
C
C
W1
W2
J2 JUMPER
W2
Y
E
EMERGENCY
HEAT
OTHER BRAND
HP THERMOSTAT
ODT
Y/Y2
Y
G
RVS COOLING
O
G
E
O
O
Y1
O
EHR
EMERGENCY
HEAT
* IF AVAILABLE
E
NOTE: Remove wires from crimp nut in indoor fan coil
when installing outdoor thermostats.
IMPORTANT: When using outdoor thermostats, W2 must be
energized when requesting supplemental heat.
A97580
A97579
Fig. 13—Typical 24-v Circuit Connections using Other HP Thermostats with Fan Coils and No Outdoor
Thermostat or 2 Outdoor Thermostats
8
CARRIER
DUAL FUEL
THERMOSTAT
MODEL DF
SINGLE-STAGE
FURNACE
CARRIER
DUAL FUEL
THERMOSTAT
MODEL DF
HEAT PUMP
R
24 VAC HOT
R
R
FAN
G
G
FURNACE
W/W1
W
W2
COMPRESSOR
Y/Y2
Y
RVS COOLING
O/W2
TWO-STAGE OR
VARIABLE SPEED
FURNACE
HEAT PUMP
R
24 VAC HOT
R
R
FAN
G
G
FURNACE LO
W/W1
W/W1
W2
Y
COMPRESSOR
Y/Y2
Y/Y2
Y
O
RVS COOLING
O/W2
O
O
W2
N/A
Y1/W2
24 VAC COM
C
RVS HEATING
B
FURNACE HI
C
C
Y1/W2
24 VAC COM
C
RVS HEATING
B
RVS SENSING
L
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
S1
See note 7
RVS SENSING
L
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
S1
S2
Y1
C
C
See notes 7 and 8
OUTDOOR
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
S2
OUTDOOR
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
A97538
A97539
Fig. 14—Typical 24-v Circuit Connection using Carrier Model DF Thermostat with Single- or 2-Stage Furnace
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL 2S
FV4A
FAN COIL
HEAT
PUMP
DH
J1 JUMPER
R
24 VAC HOT
R
R
FAN
G
G
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y/Y2
Y/Y2
HEAT STAGE 2
W/W1
W1
HEAT STAGE 3
Y1/W2
W2
W2
RVS COOLING
O/W2
O
O
24 VAC COMM
C
C
C
RVS HEATING
B
Y1
TROUBLE
L
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
Y
REMOVE
J2 JUMPER
FOR HEAT
STAGING
S1
S2
Smart Sequencing Application: Model 2S thermostat with
switch C OFF and switch D ON uses single-speed heat pump,
FK4 fan coil with selected 2:1 size ratio heaters. Provides 3
stages of auxiliary heat for even heating comfort via W/W1
and Y1/W2. Refer to FK4 Installation Instructions.
A97565
Fig. 15—Typical 24-v Circuit Connections using Carrier Model 2S Thermostat
with FV4A Fan Coil and Smart Staging
9
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL HP
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL WITH
SMART HEAT
HEAT
PUMP
24 VAC HOT
R
R
R
INDOOR FAN
G
C
C
HEAT STAGE 2
W/W1
Y
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y/Y2
G
RVS COOLING
O/W2
O
O
NOT USED
Y1/W2
W2D
W2
24 VAC COM
C
W2T
NOT USED
B
W3
TROUBLE
L
Y0
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL HP
ONE
FA, FB, FX
HEAT
FAN COIL WITH OUTDOOR
SMART HEAT THERMOSTAT PUMP
24 VAC HOT
R
R
R
INDOOR FAN
G
C
C
HEAT STAGE 2
W/W1
Y
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y/Y2
G
RVS COOLING
O/W2
O
NOT USED
Y1/W2
W2D
O
W2
CUT
JW1
JW1
24 VAC COM
C
W2T
NOT USED
B
W3
TROUBLE
L
Y0
ODT
OPTIONAL
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
Y
S1
OPTIONAL
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
S2
S1
S2
A97566
CARRIER
PROGRAMMABLE
THERMOSTAT
MODEL HP
24 VAC HOT
R
INDOOR FAN
G
Y
A97567
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL WITH
HEAT
SMART HEAT
PUMP
SUPPLEMENTAL
HEATING
RELAY
R
R
C
C
SHR
HEAT STAGE 2
W/W1
Y
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y/Y2
G
RVS COOLING
O/W2
O
NOT USED
Y1/W2
W2D
O
W2
CUT
JW1
24 VAC COM
C
W2T
NOT USED
B
W3
TROUBLE
L
Y0
OPTIONAL
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CONNECTION
SHR
ODT
Y
S1
S2
A97568
Fig. 16—Typical 24-v Circuit Connections using Carrier Model HP Thermostat with Smart Heat and No Outdoor
Thermostat, 1 Outdoor Thermostat, or Supplemental Heat Relay
10
OTHER BRAND
HP THERMOSTAT
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL WITH
SMART HEAT
OTHER BRAND
HP THERMOSTAT
HEAT
PUMP
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL WITH
SMART HEAT
HEAT
PUMP
24 VAC HOT
R
R
R
24 VAC HOT
R
R
R
24 VAC COM
C
C
C
24 VAC COM
C
C
C
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y
Y
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y
Y
INDOOR FAN
G
G
INDOOR FAN
G
G
RVS COOLING
O
O
O
RVS COOLING
O
O
EMERGENCY
HEAT
E
W2D
W2
EMERGENCY
HEAT
E
W2D
HEAT STAGE 2
W2
W2T
JW1
HEAT STAGE 2
O
W2
CUT
JW1
W2
W2T
ODT
W3
W3
Y
Y0
Y0
Y
A97582
A97581
OTHER BRAND
HP THERMOSTAT
FA, FB, FX
FAN COIL WITH
SMART HEAT
HEAT
PUMP
24 VAC HOT
R
R
R
24 VAC COM
C
C
C
COOL/HEAT
STAGE 1
Y
Y
INDOOR FAN
G
G
RVS COOLING
O
O
O
EMERGENCY
HEAT
E
W2D
W2
HEAT STAGE 2
SHR
W2T
W2
CUT
JW1
SHR
ODT
W3
Y0
Y
A97583
Fig. 17—Typical 24-v Circuit Connections using Other HP Thermostats with Smart Heat and No Outdoor
Thermostat, 1 Outdoor Thermostat, or Supplemental Heat Relay
11
LEGEND
24-V FACTORY WIRING
24-V FIELD WIRING
FIELD SPLICE CONNECTION
ODT
OUTDOOR THERMOSTAT
EHR
EMERGENCY HEAT RELAY
SHR
SUPPLEMENTAL HEAT RELAY
A97413
WIRING DIAGRAM NOTES:
1. CARRIER THERMOSTAT WIRING DIAGRAMS ARE ONLY ACCURATE FOR MODEL NUMBERS TSTAT _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
2. WIRING MUST CONFORM TO NEC LOCAL CODES.
3. ALL UNITS ARE EQUIPPED WITH PRESSURE SWITCHES, TEMPERATURE SWITCH, AND 5-MINUTE COMPRESSOR CYCLE
PROTECTION. CONNECT 24-V FIELD WIRING TO FACTORY-PROVIDED STRIPPED LEADS.
4. THERMOSTATS ARE FACTORY CONFIGURED WITH 5-MINUTE COMPRESSOR CYCLE PROTECTION AND 4 CYCLES PER
HR LIMIT. SEE THERMOSTAT INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS.
5. TO STAGE ELECTRIC RESISTANCE HEAT, CONSULT OUTDOOR THERMOSTAT INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS.
6. UNDERLINED LETTER ON DUAL TERMINAL INDICATES USAGE.
FOR EXAMPLE: O/W2 MEANS O
O/W2 MEANS W2
7. OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR MUST BE ATTACHED IN ALL DUAL FUEL INSTALLATIONS.
JUMPER WIRE BETWEEN O/W2 AND L THERMOSTAT TERMINALS MUST BE PRESENT.
8. Y1 AND O CONNECTIONS TO 2-STAGE FURNACES MAY NOT EXIST OR MAY ONLY BE A WIRE RATHER THAN A SCREW
TERMINAL.
Do not vent refrigerant to atmosphere. Recover during system
repair or final unit disposal.
Follow these steps to properly start up the system.
1. Fully back seat (open) liquid and vapor service valves.
2. Unit is shipped with valve stem(s) front seated (closed) and
caps installed. replace stem caps after system is opened to
refrigerant flow (back seated). Replace caps finger-tight and
tighten with wrench an additional 1/12 turn. Use a backup
wrench on valve body flats to prevent distortion of sheet
metal.
3. Close electrical disconnects to energize system.
4. Set room thermostat at desired temperature. Be sure set point
is below indoor ambient temperature.
5. Set room thermostat to HEAT or COOL and fan control to ON
or AUTO mode, as desired. Operate unit for 15 minutes.
Check system refrigerant charge.
A00010
→
Fig. 18—Phase Monitor Control
Back seating service valves are not equipped with Schrader
valves. Fully back seat (counter clockwise) valve stem before
removing gage port cap.
12
→
conclusion of defrost mode, reversing valve will de-energize, the
compressor will turn off for another 30 sec, and the fan will turn
off for 40 sec, before starting in the heating mode.
• 3–phase scroll compressors are rotation sensitive.
• A flashing LED on phase monitor indicates reverse rotation.
(See Fig. 18 and Table 3.)
• This will not allow contactor to be energized.
• Disconnect power to unit and interchange 2 field wiring
leads on unit contactor.
Defrost
The defrost control is a time/temperature control which includes a
field-selectable time period (DIP switch 1 and 2 on the board)
between defrost cycles of 30, 60, 90, or 120 minutes (factory set at
90 minutes).
SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
To initiate a forced defrost, two options are available depending on
the status of the defrost thermostat.
NOTE: Defrost control board is equipped with a 5-minute lockout timer which may be initiated upon an interruption of power.
If defrost thermostat is closed, speedup pins (J1) must be shorted
by placing a flat head screwdriver in between for 5 sec and
releasing, to observe a complete defrost cycle. When the Quiet
Shift switch is selected, compressor will be turned off for two 30
sec intervals during this complete defrost cycle as explained
previously. When Quiet Shift switch is in factory default OFF
position, a normal and complete defrost cycle will be observed.
With power supplied to indoor and outdoor units, transformer is
energized.
→ Cooling
On a call for cooling, thermostat makes circuits R-O, R-Y, and
R-G. Circuit R-O energizes reversing valve, switching it to cooling
position. On three phase models with scroll compressors, the units
are equipped with a phase monitor to detect if the incoming power
is correctly phased for compressor operation. (See Fig. 18 and
Table 3.) If the phasing is correct, circuit R-Y energizes contactor,
starting outdoor fan motor and compressor circuit. R-G energizes
indoor unit blower relay, starting indoor blower motor on high
speed.
NOTE: If the phasing is incorrect, the contactor will not be
energized. To correct the phasing interchange any two of the three
power connections on the field side.
If defrost thermostat is in open position, and speedup pins are
shorted (with a flat head screwdriver) for 5 sec and released, a
short defrost cycle will be observed (actual length is dependent
upon the selected Quiet Shift position). When Quiet Shift switch is
in ON position, the length of defrost is 1 minute (30 sec
compressor off period followed by 30 sec of defrost with compressor operation). On return to heating operation, compressor will
again turn off for an additional 30 sec and the fan for 40 sec. When
the Quiet Shift is in OFF position, only a brief 30 sec cycle will be
observed.
When thermostat is satisfied, contacts open, de-energizing the
contactor and blower relay. Compressor and motors should stop.
If it is desirable to observe a complete defrost in warmer weather,
the thermostat must be closed as follows:
NOTE: If indoor unit is equipped with a time-delay relay circuit,
the blower runs an additional 90 sec to increase system efficiency.
1. Turn off power to outdoor unit.
2. Disconnect outdoor fan motor lead from OF2 on control board
(See Fig. 19.) Tape to prevent grounding.
→ Heating
On a call for heating, thermostat makes circuits R-Y and R-G. If
phasing is correct, circuit R-Y energizes contactor, starting outdoor fan motor and compressor. Circuit R-G energizes indoor
blower relay, starting blower motor on high speed.
3. Restart unit in heating mode, allowing frost to accumulate on
outdoor coil.
4. After a few minutes in heating mode, liquid line temperature
should drop below closing point of defrost thermostat (approximately 30°F).
Should temperature continue to fall, R-W2 is made through
sec-stage room thermostat bulb. Circuit R-W2 energizes a sequencer, bringing on first bank of supplemental electric heat and
providing electrical potential to sec heater sequencer (if used). If
outdoor temperature falls below setting of outdoor thermostat
(field-installed option), contacts close to complete circuit and bring
on sec bank of supplemental electric heat.
NOTE: Unit will remain in defrost until defrost thermostat
reopens at approximately 80°F coil temperature at liquid line or
remainder of defrost cycle time.
When thermostat is satisfied, its contactors open, de-energizing
contactor and sequencer. All heaters and motors should stop.
PressureGuard™ Switch
5. Turn off power to outdoor and reconnect fan motor lead to
OF2 on control board after above forced defrost cycle.
This outdoor unit is equipped with a heating vapor pressure
limiting device, PressureGuard™, which cycles the outdoor fan at
high ambient heating conditions. The exact ambient at which
outdoor fan cycles depends on indoor and outdoor unit sizing. The
effect of outdoor fan cycling on HSPF (Heating Seasonal Performance Factor) is insignificant, due to its occurrence at outdoor
ambients where building load is very low.
→ TABLE 3—PHASE MONITOR LED INDICATORS
LED
OFF
FLASHING
ON
STATUS
No call for compressor operation
Reversed phase
Normal
Puron® is a high-pressure refrigerant. The purpose of this switch
is to provide maximum flexibility and minimum cost for the
installer/owner by not requiring special thicker wall vapor tubing
and indoor coils, thus allowing limited retrofit. The use of this
switch also allows the maximum number of indoor coil choices at
minimum cost for the installer/owner, since it can use standard
refrigeration tubing.
Quiet Shift
Quiet Shift is a field-selectable defrost mode, which will eliminate
occasional noise that could be heard at the start of the defrost cycle
and restarting of heating cycle. It is selected by placing DIP switch
3 (on defrost board) in ON position.
When Quiet Shift switch is placed in ON position, and a defrost is
initiated, the following sequence of operation will occur. Reversing valve will energize, compressor will turn off for 30 sec, then
turn back on to complete defrost. At the start of heating cycle after
NOTE: Due to presence of a PressureGuard switch in outdoor
unit fan circuit and the possibility of fan cycling, this unit may go
into brief defrost at high ambient heating conditions.
13
OF1
DFT
OF2
T2 C C O
T1
O R W2 Y C
Y
P1
30
30
60
120
60
P3
ON
DFT
QUIET
SHIFT
90
INTERVAL TIMER OFF
J1
SPEEDUP
Speedup
Pins
CESO130076–00
Quiet
Shift
Defrost interval
DIP switches
A99442
Fig. 19—Defrost Control
Step 14—Check Charge
5. Refer to Table 4. Find the point where required subcooling
temperature intersects measured liquid service valve pressure.
UNIT CHARGE
6. To obtain required subcooling temperature at a specific liquid
line pressure, add refrigerant if liquid line temperature is
higher than indicated or reclaim refrigerant if temperature is
lower. Allow a tolerance of ± 3°F.
Factory charge is shown on unit rating plate. To check charge in
cooling mode, refer to Cooling Only Procedure. To check charge
in heating mode, refer to Heating Check Chart Procedure.
COOLING ONLY PROCEDURE
HEATING CHECK CHART PROCEDURE
NOTE: If superheat or subcooling charging conditions are not
favorable, charge must be weighed in accordance with unit rating
plate ± 0.6 oz/ft of 3/8-in. liquid line above or below 15 ft
respectively.
To check system operation during heating cycle, refer to the HEAT
Pump Charging Instructions label on outdoor unit. This chart
indicates whether a correct relationship exists between system
operating pressure and air temperature entering indoor and outdoor
units. If pressure and temperature do not match on chart, system
refrigerant charge my not be correct. Do not use chart to adjust
refrigerant charge.
EXAMPLE:
To calculate additional charge required for a 25-ft line set:
25 ft - 15 ft = 10 ft X 0.6 oz/ft = 6 oz of additional charge
NOTE: In heating mode, check refrigerant charge only when
pressures are stable. If operating conditions cause PressureGuard
switch to open and outdoor fan to cycle, check refrigerant charge
in cooling or lower indoor dry bulb temperature. If in doubt,
remove charge and weigh in correct refrigerant charge.
Units installed with cooling mode TXV require charging with the
subcooling method.
1. Operate unit a minimum of 10 minutes before checking
charge.
2. Measure liquid service valve pressure by attaching an accurate
gage to service port.
NOTE: When charging is necessary during heating season,
charge must be weighed in accordance with unit rating plate ± 0.6
oz/ft of 3/8-in. liquid line above or below 15 ft respectively.
3. Measure liquid line temperature by attaching an accurate
thermistor type or electronic thermometer to liquid near
outdoor coil.
EXAMPLE:
To calculate additional charge required for a 25-ft line set:
4. Refer to Heat Pump Charging Instructions label on outdoor
unit.
25 ft - 15 ft = 10 ft X 0.6 oz/ft = 6 oz of additional charge
14
Table 4—Required Liquid-Line Temperature (°F)
LIQUID PRESSURE
AT SERVICE VALVE
174
181
188
195
202
209
216
223
230
237
244
251
258
265
272
279
286
293
300
307
314
321
328
335
342
349
356
363
370
377
384
391
REQUIRED SUBCOOLING TEMPERATURE
(°F)
5
10
15
20
56
51
46
41
58
53
48
43
61
56
51
46
63
58
53
48
65
60
55
50
67
62
57
52
69
64
59
54
71
66
61
56
73
68
63
58
75
70
65
60
77
72
67
62
79
74
69
64
81
76
71
66
82
77
72
67
84
79
74
69
86
81
76
71
88
83
78
73
89
84
79
74
91
86
81
76
93
88
83
78
94
89
84
79
96
91
86
81
97
92
87
82
99
94
89
84
100
95
90
85
102
97
92
87
103
98
93
88
105
100
95
90
106
101
96
91
107
102
97
92
109
104
99
94
110
105
100
95
LIQUID PRESSURE
AT SERVICE VALVE
398
405
412
419
426
433
440
447
454
461
468
475
482
489
496
503
510
517
524
531
538
545
552
559
566
573
580
587
594
601
608
—
REQUIRED SUBCOOLING TEMPERATURE
(°F)
5
10
15
20
112
107
102
97
113
108
103
98
114
109
104
99
115
110
105
100
117
112
107
102
118
113
108
103
119
114
109
104
120
115
110
105
122
117
112
107
123
118
113
108
124
119
114
109
125
120
115
110
126
121
116
111
127
122
117
112
129
124
119
114
130
125
120
115
131
126
121
116
132
127
122
117
133
128
123
118
134
129
124
119
135
130
125
120
136
131
126
121
137
132
127
122
138
133
128
123
139
134
129
124
140
135
130
125
141
136
131
126
142
137
132
127
143
138
133
128
144
139
134
129
145
140
135
130
—
—
—
—
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
Step 15—Final Checks
IMPORTANT: Before leaving job, be sure to do the following:
2. Tighten service valve stem caps to 1/12-turn past finger tight.
For continuing high performance and to minimize possible equipment failure, periodic maintenance must be performed on this
equipment.
3. Leave User’s Manual with owner. Explain system operation
and periodic maintenance requirements outlined in manual.
Frequency of maintenance may vary depending upon geographic
areas, such as coastal applications.
1. Securely fasten all panels and covers.
4. Fill out Dealer Installation Checklist and place in customer
file.
15
PURON® (R-410A) QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
• Puron® refrigerant operates at 50-70 percent higher pressures than R-22. Be sure that servicing equipment and replacement components
are designed to operate with Puron®.
• Puron® refrigerant cylinders are rose colored.
• Recovery cylinder service pressure rating must be 400 psig. DOT 4BA400 or DOT BW400.
• Puron® systems should be charged with liquid refrigerant. Use a commercial type metering device in the manifold hose when charging into
suction line with compressor operating.
• Manifold sets should be at least 700 psig high side and 180 psig low side with 550 psig low-side retard.
• Use hoses with 700 psig service pressure rating.
• Leak detectors should be designed to detect HFC refrigerant.
• Puron®, as with other HFCs, is only compatible with POE oils.
• Vacuum pumps will not remove moisture from oil.
• Do not leave Puron® suction line filter driers in line longer than 72 hrs.
• Do not use liquid-line filter driers with rated working pressures less than 600 psig.
• Do not install a suction-line filter drier in liquid line.
• POE oils absorb moisture rapidly. Do not expose oil to atmosphere.
• Poe oils may cause damage to certain plastics and roofing materials.
• Wrap all filter driers and service valves with wet cloth when brazing.
• A factory-approved liquid-line filter drier is required on every unit.
• Do not use an R-22 TXV.
• If indoor unit is equipped with an R-22 TXV, it must be changed to an Puron® TXV.
• All Puron® Heat Pumps must have indoor Puron® TXV.
• Never open system to atmosphere while it is under a vacuum.
• When system must be opened for service, recover refrigerant, break vacuum with dry nitrogen prior to opening to atmosphere. Evacuate to
500 microns prior to recharging.
• Always replace filter drier after opening system for service.
• Do not vent Puron® into the atmosphere.
• Do not use capillary tube coils.
• Observe all warnings, cautions, and bold text.
Copyright 2001 CARRIER Corp. • 7310 W. Morris St. • Indianapolis, IN 46231
38eya3si
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
Book 1 4
PC 101
Catalog No. 533-80006
Printed in U.S.A.
Form 38EYA-3SI
Pg 16
4-01
Replaces: 38EYA-2SI
Tab 5a 5a