Instruction manual | Carrier D2-3466-2 Computer Drive User Manual

Carrier VFD Quick Reference
Instruction Manual D2-3466-2
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice.
Throughout this manual, the following notes are used to alert you to safety considerations:
!
ATTENTION: Identifies information about practices or circumstances that can lead to personal
injury or death, property damage, or economic loss.
Important: Identifies information that is critical for successful application and understanding of the product.
The thick black bar shown on the outside margin of this page will be used throughout this instruction manual to
signify new or revised text or figures.
!
ATTENTION: Only qualified electrical personnel familiar with the construction and operation of
this equipment and the hazards involved should install, adjust, operate, or service this equipment.
Read and understand this manual and other applicable manuals in their entirety before
proceeding. Failure to observe this precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: DC bus capacitors retain hazardous voltages after input power has been
disconnected. After disconnecting input power, wait five (5) minutes for the DC bus capacitors to
discharge and then check the voltage with a voltmeter to ensure the DC bus capacitors are
discharged before touching any internal components. Failure to observe this precaution could
result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: The drive can operate at and maintain zero speed. The user is responsible for
assuring safe conditions for operating personnel by providing suitable guards, audible or visual
alarms, or other devices to indicate that the drive is operating or may operate at or near zero
speed. Failure to observe this precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: Do not install modification kits with power applied to the drive. Disconnect and lock
out incoming power before attempting such installation or removal. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: The user must provide an external, hardwired emergency stop circuit outside of the
drive circuitry. This circuit must disable the system in case of improper operation. Uncontrolled
machine operation may result if this procedure is not followed. Failure to observe this precaution
could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: The user is responsible for conforming with all applicable local, national, and
international codes. Failure to observe this precaution could result in damage to, or destruction
of, the equipment.
Copyright © 2005 Rockwell Automation. All rights reserved.
!
ATTENTION: When the level-sense start feature is enabled (P.054 = ON), the user must ensure
that automatic start up of the driven equipment will not cause injury to operating personnel or
damage to the driven equipment. In addition, the user is responsible for providing suitable audible
or visual alarms or other devices to indicate that this function is enabled and the drive may start
at any moment. Refer to the LiquiFlo Software Start-Up and Reference manual (D2-3410)for
additional information. Failure to observe this precaution could result in severe bodily injury or
loss of life.
ATTENTION: When P.055 is set to ON, the STOP/RESET key is functional only from the selected
control source. As a safety precaution, Reliance recommends that an emergency stop input be
located near the equipment. As a further safety precaution, the user should post a warning on
the drive to alert personnel that the STOP/RESET key is not functional. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: Unused wires in conduit must be grounded at both ends to avoid a possible shock
hazard caused by induced voltages. Also, if a drive sharing a conduit is being serviced or installed,
all drives using this conduit should be disabled to eliminate the possible shock hazard from crosscoupled motor leads. Failure to observe these precautions could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: The drive contains printed circuit boards that are static-sensitive. Anyone who
touches the drive components should wear an anti-static wrist band. Erratic machine operation
and damage to, or destruction of, equipment can result if this procedure is not followed. Failure
to observe this precaution can result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: If a maintained start contact is used when the control source = rE, switching from
local to remote from the terminal strip will cause power to be applied to the motor if the remote
start contact is closed. Stay clear of rotating machinery in this case. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: The drive is not equipped with a coast-stop pushbutton. You must install a hardwired
operator-accessible pushbutton that provides a positive interrupt and shuts down the drive. See
the LiquiFlo AC Power Modules Hardware Reference, Installation, and Troubleshooting manual
(D2-3411) for wiring information. Failure to observe this precaution could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: The user is responsible for ensuring that driven machinery, all drive-train
mechanisms, and application material are capable of safe operation at the maximum operating
speed of the drive. In V/Hz regulation, overfrequency protection in the drive is provided by means
of H.022. Failure to observe this precaution could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: The setting of parameters H.001 (Motor Nameplate Base Frequency), and P.004
(Maximum Speed) determines the motor maximum speed. These parameters must be set by a
qualified person who understands the significance of setting them accurately. Failure to observe
this precaution could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: When switching from auto to manual, or manual to auto, the drive will ramp to the
reference level provided by the new source at the rate specified in P.001 (Accel Time 1), P.002
(Decel Time 1), P.017 (Accel Time 2), or P.018 (Decel Time 2). Be aware that an abrupt speed
change may occur depending upon the new reference level and the rate specified in these
parameters. Failure to observe this precaution could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: It is the user’s responsibility to determine how to distribute the passwords. Reliance
Electric is not responsible for unauthorized access violations within the user’s organization. Failure
to observe this precaution could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: Do not alter the setting of any jumper not described in LiquiFlo Hardware Reference
manual (D2-3411). Failure to observe this precaution could result in damage to, or destruction
of, the equipment.
ATTENTION: For single-motor applications with no external thermal overload relay, P.040 (Motor
Overload Enable) should always be set to ON. Failure to observe this precaution could result in
damage to, or destruction of, the equipment.
!
ATTENTION: Use of power correction capacitors on the output of the drive can result in erratic
operation of the motor, nuisance tripping, and/or permanent damage to the drive. Remove power
correction capacitors before proceeding. Failure to observe this precaution could result in damage
to, or destruction of, the equipment.
ATTENTION: Most codes require that upstream branch circuit protection be provided to protect
input power wiring. Install the fuses recommended in table 3.7 of the LiquiFlo Hardware Reference
manual (D2-3411). Do not exceed the fuse ratings. Failure to observe this precaution could result
in damage to, or destruction of, the equipment.
ATTENTION: Do not route signal and control wiring with power wiring in the same conduit. This
can cause interference with drive operation. Failure to observe this precaution could result in
damage to, or destruction of, the equipment.
ATTENTION: Distribution system short circuit capacity shall not exceed the rating of the drive.
Failure to observe this precaution could result in damage to, or destruction of, the equipment.
ATTENTION: H.002 (Motor Nameplate Amps) must not exceed the rated amps found on the motor
nameplate. Overcurrent or excess heating of the motor could result if this is not done. Failure to
observe this precaution could result in damage to, or destruction of, the equipment.
The following ATTENTION statements do not apply to the default Carrier VFD configuration.
However, they do apply to the Reliance LiquiFlo AC Power Module.
ATTENTION: As a safety precaution, Reliance Electric recommends that you provide an audible
or visual alarm to indicate that the level sense start feature is enabled and the motor can start
when power is applied to the drive. You should also post warnings on the motor, the drive, and
any other applicable equipment to alert personnel that the application uses an automatic startup feature. Failure to observe this precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: Be aware of the following before enabling the level sense start function (P.054):
• Setting P.054 to ON immediately applies output power to the motor when all start conditions are
met.
• If the drive is running from the terminal strip, both the start and stop inputs are closed. If P.054 =
ON and a fault occurs, the drive coasts to rest and generates a fault. In this case, resetting and
clearing the fault immediately restarts the drive without any change to the start or stop input
states
• If P.026 (Function Loss Response) = 1, the control source is the terminal strip (start and stop
inputs are closed), and P.054 = ON, the drive coasts to rest if the function loss input is opened
and does not generate a fault. In this case, closing the function loss input immediately starts the
drive without any change to the start or stop input.
When this function is enabled, the user must ensure that automatic start up of the driven
equipment will not cause injury to operating personnel or damage to the driven equipment. In
addition, the user is responsible for providing suitable audible or visual alarms or other devices to
indicate that this function is enabled and the drive may start at any moment. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: If P.062 (Option Port: Communication Loss Response) = 2 and P.054 (Level Sense
Start Enable) = ON and network communication is lost while the drive is running, the terminal
strip stop input will function as a STOP/RUN input. If the terminal strip stop input is opened, the
drive will stop. If the terminal strip stop input is closed, the drive will re-start. Failure to observe
this precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
ATTENTION: When starting with search enabled (H.016 is set to any value but OFF), there will
be a several second delay, and the motor may drift in the forward and reverse direction, before
the motor begins operating in the desired direction even if reverse has been disabled in P.027.
Stay clear of rotating machinery. Failure to observe this precaution could result in bodily injury.
!
ATTENTION: When connected to a non-regenerative common DC bus, regeneration may cause
a rise in DC bus voltage. Be aware that other drives on the bus may experience an unexpected
speed increase due to the high bus voltage. Failure to observe this precaution may result in bodily
injury.
ATTENTION: The motor shaft can rotate in either direction by up to one (1) revolution, providing
minimum torque immediately after the identification procedure (initiated in H.020) has been
started. Stay clear of rotating machinery. Failure to observe this precaution could result in bodily
injury.
ATTENTION: In V/Hz regulation, if P.000 (Control Source) is set to OP (Option Port), and P.062
is set to 1 (Hold Last Reference), and the drive loses communication with the network, the drive
will maintain the last frequency command sent to it. Ensure that driven machinery, all drive-train
mechanisms, and application material are capable of safe operation at the maximum operating
speed of the drive. Failure to observe this precaution could result in bodily injury.
ATTENTION: Carrier Frequency (P.047) and Current Limit (P.005) must be set correctly before
activating the identification procedure (H.020) to avoid motor overloading and/or overheating.
Failure to observe this precaution could result in damage to, or destruction of, the equipment.
ATTENTION: The motor can rotate in the reverse direction during the identification procedure
(H.020) even if reverse disable has been selected in P.027. Uncouple the motor from any driven
machinery that could be damaged by reverse rotation. Failure to observe this precaution could
result in damage to, or destruction of, the equipment.
CONTENTS
Chapter 1
Using This Manual
1.1 Required Publications...................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Getting Assistance from Reliance Electric....................................................... 1-1
Chapter 2
Identifying Drive Components Using Reference Drawings and Parts Lists
2.1 VFD Chiller Installation Drawing (500A and 643A VFD) ................................. 2-1
2.2 Front View of 500 and 643 Amp VFD with Parts List
(19XV04000601 rev 4.0) ................................................................................. 2-3
2.3 500 Amp and 643 Amp 19XRV Drive Module Component
Locations and Parts List .................................................................................. 2-4
2.4 Front View of 414 Amp VFD with Parts List (19XV04003001 rev 2.0) ............ 2-5
2.5 414 Amp 19XRV Drive Module Component Locations and Parts List............. 2-6
2.6 414 Amp 19XRV Drive Wiring Diagrams ......................................................... 2-7
2.7 VFD System Wiring Diagram (19XV05007901 rev A) ..................................... 2-9
2.8 500 Amp and 643 Amp 19XRV Drive Wiring Diagrams ................................ 2-14
Chapter 3
Using the Keypad/Display to Program, Monitor, and Control the Drive..............3-1
Chapter 4
Identifying Parameter Defaults For Carrier Drives...............................................4-1
Chapter 5
Verifying the Installation ......................................... ...............................................5-1
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting the Drive
6.1 Test Equipment Needed To Troubleshoot....................................................... 6-1
6.2 Verifying That DC Bus Capacitors Are Discharged ......................................... 6-1
6.3 Checking the Power Modules and Motor with Input Power Off ....................... 6-4
6.4 Troubleshooting the Drive Using Error Codes ................................................. 6-6
6.4.1 Identifying Alarm Codes and Recovering .............................................. 6-7
6.4.2 Identifying Fault Codes and Recovering ............................................... 6-8
6.4.3 Accessing, Reading, and Clearing the Faults in the Error Log............ 6-11
6.5 Identifying Fatal Fault Codes and Recovering............................................... 6-14
6.6 Indentifying PMC Board Fault Codes and Recovering .................................. 6-15
6.7 Resetting a Checksum (CHS) Fault .............................................................. 6-15
Contents
I
II
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
CHAPTER 1
Using This Manual
The Carrier VFD Quick Reference is intended for qualified Carrier service personnel,
and is to be used during start up, operation, and maintenance of the variable speed
drive.
1.1
Required Publications
The Carrier VFD Quick Reference must be used with the following manuals:
• D2-3410
LiquiFlo AC General Purpose (Volts/Hertz) and Vector Duty Drive
Software Start-Up and Reference Manual
• D2-3411
LiquiFlo AC Power Modules Hardware Reference, Installation, and
Troubleshooting
• D2-3341
Super Remote Meter Interface (RMI) Board for GV3000 and
LiquiFlo AC Drives
• D2-3448
• 531-982
Control and Configuration Software
19XR, XRV Start-Up, Operation, and Maintenance Instructions
(19XR-5SS)
1.2
Getting Assistance from Reliance Electric
If you have any questions or problems with the products described in this manual,
contact your local Reliance Electric sales office. For technical assistance, call
1-864-284-5444.
Before calling, have the following information available (from the Reliance label):
• Reliance model number
• Carrier part number
• Serial number
• Carrier drawing number and revision
Using This Manual
1-1
1-2
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
CHAPTER 2
Identifying Drive Components Using
Reference Drawings and Parts Lists
Replace with 2.fm (11 X 17 Z-fold)
Identifying Drive Components Using Reference Drawings and Parts Lists
2-1
2-2
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
CHAPTER 3
Using the Keypad/Display to Program,
Monitor, and Control the Drive
If you are unfamiliar with the detailed operation of the keypad/display, refer to chapter
3 of the LiquiFlo Software Start-Up and Reference Manual (D2-3410).
Display
Drive Status Keypad
LEDs
P.--Monitor Mode
LEDs
Password LED
SPEED
VOLTS
AMPS
Hz
AUTO
MAN
Forward
Reverse
PRO G RAM
RUN
JOG
REMOTE
JOG
Kw
AUTO
FORWARD
TORQUE
REVERSE
Password
PROGRAM
STOP
RESET
Stop / Reset Key
RUNNING
START
ENTER
RELIANCE
ELECTRIC
Start Key
Figure 3.1 – Keypad/Display
!
ATTENTION: When switching from auto to manual, or manual to auto,
the drive will ramp to the reference level provided by the new source at
the rate specified in P.001 (Accel Time 1), P.002 (Decel Time 1), P.017
(Accel Time 2), or P.018 (Decel Time 2). Be aware that an abrupt speed
change may occur depending upon the new reference level and the rate
specified in these parameters. Failure to observe this precaution could
result in bodily injury.
Using the Keypad/Display to Program, Monitor, and Control the Drive
3-1
3-2
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
CHAPTER 4
Identifying Parameter Defaults
For Carrier Drives
Use the following table to identify and set the parameter defaults for Carrier drives.
Important: Setting P.050 (Restore Defaults) to ON will restore the drive to Reliance defaults,
not Carrier defaults. If this has been done, set the following parameters to restore
Carrier defaults.
Parameter No.
P.000
P.001
P.002
P.003
P.004
P.005
P.0091
Parameter Name
Control Source
Accel Time 1
Decel Time 1
Minimum Speed
Maximum Speed
Current Limit
Terminal Strip Analog Input Offset
P.0101
Terminal Strip Analog Input Gain
P.011
P.013
P.027
P.028
P.043
P.044
P.052
H.000
H.001
H.002
H.021
H.022
r.001
r.0021
Terminal Strip Analog Input Configure
Output Relay Configuration
Forward/Reverse Configuration
Speed Display Scaling
Fault Auto Reset Attempts
Fault Auto Reset Time
AUTO/MAN Key Disable
Motor Nameplate Volts
Motor Nameplate Base Frequency
Motor Nameplate Amps
AC Line Volts
Overfrequency Limit
Analog Output 1 Source
Analog Output 1 Offset
r.0031
Analog Output 1 Gain
r.035
r.036
r.037
r.046
r.050
Relay Output 1 (NO) Configuration
Relay Output 2 (NO/NC) Configuration
Relay Output 3 (NO/NC) Configuration
Relay Output 3 Delay Time
Speed Detection Level 1
Setting
rE
8
20
0.5
Job-specific (50 or 60)
110
-10
0.99 (50LR4060, 64LR4060)
1.030 (41LR4060)
4
2
1
Job-specific
10
30
ON
Job-specific
Job-specific
1.03 x Motor Nameplate Amps
Job-specific
Job-specific (57 or 69)
4
60 (50LR4060, 64LR4060)
135 (41LR4060)
0.505 (50LR4060, 64LR4060)
0.503 (41LR4060)
5
2
1
-999
35
1
These parameters must be tuned or calibrated per the VFD Control Verification procedures (running and
non-running) found in the Carrier 19XR/XRV Start-Up, Operation, and Maintenance Instructions on pages
59-60.
For job-specific parameters, refer to the 19XR, XRV Start-Up, Operation, and Maintenance
Instructions manual (531-982) for further instructions. For descriptions of all parameters, refer to
the LiquiFlo Software Start-Up and Reference manual (D2-3410).
Identifying Parameter Defaults For Carrier Drives
4-1
4-2
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
CHAPTER 5
Verifying the Installation
Record the following job information:
1. Job Name:
2. Job Number:
3. City:
4. State:
5. Zip Code:
Record the following nameplate information:
1. Chiller Serial Number:
2. VFD Part Number:
3. VFD Serial Number:
4. Motor Rated Load Amps:
5. Incoming Voltage:
6. Incoming Frequency:
7. Carrier Part Number
and Revision:
8. ICVC Software Number:
Verifying the Installation
5-1
5-2
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
CHAPTER 6
Troubleshooting the Drive
This chapter describes how to troubleshoot the drive and the equipment that is
needed to do so.
6.1
Test Equipment Needed To Troubleshoot
An isolated multimeter will be needed to measure DC bus voltage and to make
resistance checks. Note that dedicated troubleshooting test points are not provided.
6.2
Verifying That DC Bus Capacitors Are Discharged
!
ATTENTION: DC bus capacitors retain hazardous voltages after input
power has been disconnected. After disconnecting input power, wait five
(5) minutes for the DC bus capacitors to discharge and then check the
voltage with a voltmeter to ensure the DC bus capacitors are discharged
before touching any internal components. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
The drive’s DC bus capacitors retain hazardous voltages after input power has been
disconnected. Perform the following steps before touching any internal components:
Step 1. Turn off and lock out input power. Wait five minutes.
Step 2. Verify that there is no voltage at the drive’s input power terminals.
Step 3. Measure the DC bus potential with a voltmeter while standing on a
non-conductive surface and wearing insulated gloves (1000 V).
Measure the DC bus potential at the test points on the Power Module
Interface board. See figure 6.1 for 414 amp drives; see figure 6.2 for 500 amp
and 643 amp drives.
Step 4. Once the drive has been serviced, reapply input power.
Troubleshooting the Drive
6-1
Initial DC Bus
Measurement
Points
NEG
(-)
POS
(+)
TP1
TP2
Figure 6.1 – DC Bus Voltage Terminals (414 Amp Drives)
6-2
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
Initial DC Bus
Measurement
Points
Figure 6.2 – DC Bus Voltage Terminals (500 Amp and 643 Amp Drives)
Troubleshooting the Drive
6-3
6.3
Checking the Power Modules and Motor with Input
Power Off
Use the following procedure to check the drive’s Power Module circuitry with power off:
!
ATTENTION: DC bus capacitors retain hazardous voltages after input
power has been disconnected. After disconnecting input power, wait five
(5) minutes for the DC bus capacitors to discharge and then check the
voltage with a voltmeter to ensure the DC bus capacitors are discharged
before touching any internal components. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
Step 1. Turn off and lock out input power. Wait five minutes.
Step 2. Verify that there is no voltage at the drive’s input power terminals.
Step 3. Check the DC bus potential with a voltmeter as described in section 6.2 to
ensure that the DC bus capacitors are discharged.
Step 4. Disconnect the motor from the drive.
Step 5. Check all AC line and DC bus fuses.
Step 6. If a fuse is open, use a multimeter to check the input diodes and output
IGBTs. See table 6.1.
Step 7. Check motor impedance.
Step 8. Reconnect the motor to the drive.
Step 9. Reapply input power.
6-4
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
Table 6.1 – Resistance Checks
Input
Diode
No.
Meter
Connection
(+)
(-)
1
*
SCR1
2
*
SCR2
3
*
SCR3
4
*
SCR4
5
*
SCR5
6
*
SCR6
7
SCR1
**
8
SCR2
**
9
SCR3
**
10
SCR4
**
11
SCR5
**
12
SCR6
**
Component is OK if
resistance (R) is:
10 < R < 1 megohm
Component is defective if:
Continuity (short circuit) or
open when the meter is
connected with reversed
polarity.
* (+) DC Bus Volts power terminal
** (-) DC Bus Volts power terminal
Table 6.1 - Resistance Checks (Continued)
IGBT
No.
Meter
Connection
(+)
(-)
1
*
W/T3
2
*
V/T2
3
*
U/T1
4
W/T3
**
5
V/T2
**
6
U/T1
**
Component is OK if
resistance (R) is:
10 < R < 1 megohm
Component is defective if:
Continuity (short circuit) or
open when the meter is
connected with reversed
polarity.
* (+) DC Bus Volts power terminal
** (-) DC Bus Volts power terminal
Troubleshooting the Drive
6-5
6.4
Troubleshooting the Drive Using Error Codes
The drive can display two kinds of error codes, called alarm and fault codes, to signal
a problem detected during self tuning or drive operation. Fault and alarm codes are
shown in tables 6.2 and 6.3. A special type of fault code, which occurs rarely, is the
fatal fault code. If the code you see is not in tables 6.2 or 6.3, refer to section 6.5 .
Alarm Codes
An alarm condition is signified by a two- or three-letter code flashing on the display.
The drive will continue to operate during the alarm condition. You should investigate
the cause of the alarm to ensure that it does not lead to a fault condition. The alarm
code remains on the display as long as the alarm condition exists. The drive
automatically clears the alarm code when the condition causing it is removed.
Fault Codes
A fault condition is also signified by a two- or three-letter code flashing on the display.
If a fault occurs, the drive coasts to stop and the RUNNING LED turns off. The first
fault detected is maintained flashing on the display, regardless of whether other faults
occur after it. The fault code remains on the display until it is cleared by the operator
using the STOP/RESET key or using the fault reset input from the selected control
source (P.000).
Error Log
The drive automatically stores all fault codes for faults that have occurred in the
system error log. The error log is accessible through the keypad, the optional OIM, or
the optional CS3000 software.There is no visual indication that there are faults in the
log. You must access the error log to view the faults.
The error log holds the 10 most recent faults that have occurred. The last fault to occur
is the first one to appear on the display when you access the error log. The faults in
the log are numbered sequentially. The most recent fault is identified with the highest
number (up to 9). Once the log is full, older faults are discarded from the log as new
faults occur.
For each entry in the error log, the system also displays the day and time that the fault
occurred. The day data is based on a relative 247-day counter (rolls over after
247.55). The time is based on a 24-hour clock. The first digits of the clock data
represent hours. The last two digits represent minutes. The clock can be reset using
P.030 (Elapsed Time Meter Reset).
All entries in the error log and the day and time data are retained if power is lost. Refer
to section 6.4.3 for the procedure for accessing and clearing the error log using the
keypad.
6-6
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
6.4.1 Identifying Alarm Codes and Recovering
Drive alarm codes are shown in table 6.2. Note that the alarm code will only be
displayed for as long as the problem exists. Once the problem has been corrected, the
alarm code will disappear from the display.
Table 6.2 – List of Alarm Codes
Code
HIdc
Alarm
Description
High DC bus
voltage
Alarm Cause
The DC bus is charged above the
trip threshold. (If U.018 > 415,
DC bus is above 741 VDC. If U.018
≤ 415, DC bus is above 669 VDC.)
Corrective Action
Increase the deceleration time in
P.002, P.018.
Install optional snubber resistor
braking kit.
Verify that the AC input is within
specification. Install an isolation
transformer if required.
I-Ac
I-En
V/Hz identification
procedure active
V/Hz identification
procedure
enabled
LIL
Low AC input line
S-Ac
Vector self-tuning
active
S-En
Vector self-tuning
enabled
V/Hz identification procedure is
enabled and in progress.
Check the actual line voltage against
U.018.
Allow identification procedure to
finish.
Press keypad STOP/RESET to
cancel identification procedure if
desired.
H.020 = On; V/Hz identification
Proceed with V/Hz identification
procedure has been enabled but not procedure, start drive and allow
started.
procedure to begin. Display will
change to I-Ac when drive is started.
AC input line is low.
For SVC, indicates DC bus is being
regulated. No corrective action is
required.
Vector self-tuning is enabled and in
progress.
U.008 = On; vector self-tuning has
been enabled but not started.
Change H.020 to OFF to cancel
identification and clear I-En if
desired.
Adjust line voltage parameter (H.021
or U.018) to match actual AC line
voltage.
Allow vector self-tuning procedure to
finish.
Press keypad STOP/RESET to
cancel vector self-tuning procedure
if desired.
Proceed with vector self-tuning, start
drive and allow self-tuning
procedure to begin. Display will
change to S-Ac when drive is
started.
Change U.008 to OFF to cancel
self-tuning and clear S-En if desired.
Troubleshooting the Drive
6-7
6.4.2 Identifying Fault Codes and Recovering
!
ATTENTION: DC bus capacitors retain hazardous voltages after input
power has been disconnected. After disconnecting input power, wait five
minutes for the DC bus capacitors to discharge and then check the
voltage with a voltmeter to ensure the DC bus capacitors are discharged
before touching any internal components. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
Drive fault codes are shown in table 6.3. To clear a single fault that has occurred so
that the drive can be started again, correct any problems indicated by the fault code
and press the STOP/RESET key on the keypad, or assert the fault reset from the
selected control source (P.000). Because multiple faults can occur and only the first
will be displayed, you must access the error log in order to view all of the faults that
have occurred. See section 6.4.3 for instructions on how to view the error log.
Table 6.3 – List of Fault Codes
Code
AIn
bYC
CHS
EC
Fault
Description
Fault Cause
Analog input signal P.011 = 4 or 5 and 4 to 20 mA analog
loss
input is below 1 mA.
Incorrect precharge
status
Default parameter
restore (checksum
error)
Precharge initiated and incorrect
precharge status is returned.
During drive operation:
Regulator board failure.
After Regulator board replacement:
Earth current failure Unintentional grounding of the input.
(ground fault)
EEr
Non-volatile
memory write
failure
Failure on write to non-volatile
memory.
EL
Encoder loss
Drive is not detecting feedback from
the encoder.
Corrective Action
Verify that P.011 is set correctly.
Check that the analog input source
supply ≥1 mA.
Check operation of the precharge.
Contact Reliance or replace Regulator
board.
Contact Reliance.
Check isolation between ground and
output terminals. Possible leakage,
current sensor defects; replace
sensor.
Connect CS3000 software to upload
parameters or record by hand. Then
replace Regulator board. Parameter
values will be lost when power is
cycled.
Check the connection between the
encoder and the drive. Check the
encoder/motor coupling.
For SVC operation, check motor data
parameters. Check U.006. Incorrect
magnetizing current may be generated
by performing self-tuning with a load
connected to the motor.
Function loss input on control terminal Check external interlocks at terminals
is opened.
16, 20.
Identification process for V/Hz has
See H.019 for identification result.
been aborted.
For SVC operation, conditions exist for
more than 5 seconds that may result in
an inability to complete a ramp-to-rest
stop.
FL
Function loss
HId
High time
identification
aborted
High line voltage
HIL
6-8
Input voltage more than 15% above
nominal.
Check actual line voltage against
U.018 or H.021.
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
Table 6.3 – List of Fault Codes (Continued)
Code
HU
Fault
Description
High DC bus
voltage
IPL
Input phase loss
LU
Low DC bus
voltage
Fault Cause
DC bus voltage too high (capacitor
protection).
Deceleration time too short.
Voltage ripple on DC bus due to
missing input phase or an imbalance
between phases.
DC bus voltage too low. Line dip too
long (P.042).
Input rectifier diodes defective.
nCL
Network comm loss Communications with the
AutoMax network have been lost.
nId
Identification
Request not yet
performed (V/Hz
only)
Overcurrent
(steady state).
Trips between 185
to 200% load
(based on inverter
type current) check
Power Module
rating.
OC
OCA
Overcurrent (at
acceleration)
Troubleshooting the Drive
Drive started but Identification
Result = Zero.
Corrective Action
Check input line voltage; if necessary,
add transformer.
Increase deceleration time
P.002/P.018/P.023 versus Maximum
Speed/Hz (P.004). Install DB option
with resistors.
Verify that proper voltage is being
applied to the drive. Check all phases.
Check input voltage, line fuses. If
necessary, add transformer. Check
value of Ride Through Time (P.042),
Line Voltage (H.021, U.018).
Check DC bus voltage. If incorrect,
replace diode set.
Check network cabling from network
master to network option board. Check
that network master is operating
properly.
Reset fault. Perform Identification
Request. Restart drive.
Output phase-to-phase short.
Check isolation between each output
line.
Bus voltage line-to-line.
Check transistor modules for correct
output. If incorrect, possible board
defect; replace. Possible Hall effect
current sensor defective; replace.
Ground fault.
Check isolation between ground and
output terminals. Possible leakage
current sensor defect; replace sensor.
Momentary overload.
Check for motor overload; reduce load
on motor.
Bad motor.
Check motor for correct operation.
Torque boost / V/Hz too high (V/Hz).
Check parameters H.001, H.002,
and/or H.003. Enable Identification
Request (H.020)
Motor unknown to regulator (V/Hz).
Check that regulator was updated with
actual motor characteristics via
Identification Request (H.020).
Parameter settings (vector).
Check Encoder PPR (U.001), Motor
Poles (U.002), Base Frequency
(U.003), Motor Nameplate Amps
(U.004), Magnetizing Current (U.006),
Speed Regulator Prop. Gain (U.012).
Encoder wired incorrectly, wrong PPR. Check encoder wiring. Perform vector
self-tuning.
Overcurrent condition occurred while See OC fault corrective actions.
accelerating.
Increase acceleration time (P.001,
Acceleration time too short.
P.017, P.021).
6-9
Table 6.3 – List of Fault Codes (Continued)
Code
OCb
OCd
OF
OH
OL
OPL
OSP
PUc
PUn
PUo
SF
6-10
Fault
Description
Overcurrent
(at DC braking)
Overcurrent (at
deceleration)
Fault Cause
DC voltage too high.
Corrective Action
Check parameters H.006, H.007.
Overcurrent condition occurred while
decelerating.
Deceleration time too short.
Drive has exceeded maximum
allowable output frequency.
Regenerating energy is too high.
Stability or slip compensation circuit
adds frequency reference.
If H.016 ON, searching current is too
high. Motor is too small.
See OC fault corrective actions.
Increase deceleration time (P.002,
P.018, P.022).
Vector: Check parameters Encoder
Overfrequency
PPR (U.001), Motor Poles (U.002),
Base Frequency (U.003).
V/Hz: Check DC bus voltage; increase
decelerating time. Check values Max
Speed (P.004) / Overfreq. (H.022).
Check slip compensation (H.004).
If H.016 ON, check motor size versus
Power Module size, recheck setting of
P.005 (too high).
Drive
Cooling fan failure.
Check ambient temperature, cooling
overtemperature
fan, minimum clearances around drive.
Motor overload
Excess motor current.
Vector: Check actual/Motor Rated
V/Hz: Torque boost too high, therm.
Nameplate Amps (U.004)
overload level too low.
V/Hz: Check actual current/Torque
Boost (H.003).
Check that Power Module is sized
correctly.
Reduce load on motor (for example, at
low frequency).
Excess load on motor, for example, at Check that Power Module is sized
too low speeds.
correctly. Reduce load on motor (e.g.,
at low frequency).
Loss of phase connection.
Check output lines to the motor.
Motor output phase Phase lost between drive and motor. Check connections and cable of all 3
loss
phases and motor windings. Replace
any damaged cable.
Check Encoder PPR (U.001), Motor
Overspeed
RPM above 130% Maximum Speed
(Vector only)
(P.004), speed regulator response not Poles (U.002), Base Frequency
(U.003), Motor Nameplate RPM
optimized.
Speed (U.005). Check Reg.
Proportional (U.012) Integral Gain
(U.013)
Missing Power
Bad or disconnected cable between
Check cables between Regulator
Module ID
Regulator and Power Module.
board and Power Module.
connector
Power Module not Drive parameters have been restored Power Module must be configured by
Reliance service personnel.
identified
to power-up defaults. Regulator has
not been configured to match Power
Module.
Drive power
Power Module overloaded.
Check load to Power Module.
electronic
Too high DC Braking Current
Check Power Module sizing versus
overload
(H.007) or Torque Boost (H.003).
application. Check DC Braking Current
value (H.007). Check Torque Boost
(H.003).
Self-tuning status
See parameter U.009
(Vector only)
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
Table 6.3 – List of Fault Codes (Continued)
Code
SrL
UAr
UbS
Fault
Description
Communication
loss between
Regulator/PC/OIM
Spurious host PC
comm interrupt
Asymmetrical bus
fault. Look at the 3
LEDs on the Power
Module Interface
board. They
indicate which fault
has occurred by
flashing in unison.
1 = Input Ground
Fault;
2 = Asymmetrical
Bus;
3 = Slow Ramp
Rate of DC Bus
Fault Cause
Serial port communication cable, PC
or OIM communication port setup.
Corrective Action
Check connection cable and
communication port setup.
Regulator board failure.
Replace Regulator board.
One of 3 differnet faults has occurred;
1. Input Ground Fault - Excessive
current flowing bwtween any of the
three input phases and earth ground.
2 . Asymmetrical Bus - When
measuring between the cap bank
midpoint and the +DC bus and -DC
bus, there is a 200 V or greater
mismatch.
3. Slow Ramp Rate of DC Bus - DC
bus did not change to the ful value
given time allowed. Can occur only at
power-up.
1. Check the connection from the
current transformer to the Bus Control
board.
2. Replace shorted capacitor, fix loose
connection, or replace discharge
resistor.
3. Turn on drive. If UbS is displayed,
turn drive off and then on again very
quickly. If the UbS fault goes away and
the DC bus charges, replace the Bus
Control board.
6.4.3 Accessing, Reading, and Clearing the Faults in the Error Log
The following procedure shows how to access and clear the error log. Note that you
cannot clear a single entry from the error log. The entire log, including all the fault
codes and the day and time stamp of each fault, will be cleared simultaneously using
this procedure.
Step 1. Press the PROGRAM key.
The First Menu General parameters are
displayed. The PROGRAM LED will turn on.
Troubleshooting the Drive
6-11
Step 2. Press the ▼ key until Err is displayed.
Step 3. Press the ENTER key.
If no faults have occured, Err will be
displayed again. If only one fault has
occurred, the fault code will be displayed as
the first entry in the log. If more than one
fault has ocurred, the first entry is the latest
fault that occurred.
Step 4. Press the ▲ or the ▼ key. The display steps through the error log entries,
which are numbered 0 through 9 (maximum).
Step 5. Press the ENTER key.
The display shows the day stamp, which can
range from 0 to 248 days.
6-12
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
Step 6. Press the ▼ key.
The display shows the time stamp, which is
based on a 24-hour clock. Use the arrow
keys to move between the day and time
data.
Step 7. Press the PROGRAM key, which displays the error log entries again.The
display shows the error log entry viewed prior to or associated with the time
stamp.
Step 8. Repeat steps 4 though 7 for each additional error log entry to view the time
and date for each error log entry.
Step 9. When you have viewed all the entries, you should clear the error log. Press
the ▼ key while you are viewing any entry in the log until the display shows
CLr. Press ENTER to clear the error log. All entries will be cleared.
Step 10. Err will be displayed again to indicate that the log is empty.
Step 11. Press the PROGRAM key to access monitor mode.
Troubleshooting the Drive
6-13
6.5
Identifying Fatal Fault Codes and Recovering
Fatal fault codes are distinguished by the letter F preceding the code. They normally
indicate a malfunction of the microprocessor on the Regulator board. In some cases,
fatal fault codes can be reset and the drive can be re-started. Table 6.4 lists the fatal
fault codes which can be reset. If any other fault code appears on the display, you will
need to replace the Regulator board.
If the fault code FUE appears in error log entry 0, it indicates a fatal fault occurred as
power was lost. Contact Reliance Electric or observe the drive for subsequent fatal
errors before turning off power. Fatal fault codes are lost after power loss.
Table 6.4 – Fatal Fault Codes That Can Be Reset
Code
F3
Fault Description
Encoder power-up
diagnostic error.
Fault Cause
Corrective Action
Encoder voltage is less than Turn off power to the drive. Disconnect
10 V.
the encoder wiring from the terminal strip.
Turn power to the drive back on.
If the F3 error does not occur again, the
problem is in the wiring between the drive
and the encoder.
F 60
Option port identification
error.
If the F3 error does occur again, the
problem is in the Regulator board, which
should be replaced.
The option board could not Check the ribbon cable between the
be identified by the regulator. Regulator board and the option board.
Check the option board’s jumper settings.
F 61
F 62
or
F 26
Option board power-up
diagnostic failure.
Option board runtime
error.
Option board has failed one
or more power-up
diagnostics.
During operation, the option
board watchdog failed or
handshaking with the drive
failed.
Refer to the appropriate option board
instruction manual for more information
about the option board.
Check the ribbon cable between the
Regulator board and the network option
board. Replace the option board if
necessary.
Refer to the appropriate option board
instruction manual for more information
about the option board.
If intermittent, check for causes of noise,
for proper grounding, and that outputs
are not exceeding rated current
capacities.
Replace the option board if necessary.
Refer to the appropriate option board
instruction manual for more information
about the option board.
6-14
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
6.6
Indentifying PMC Board Fault Codes and Recovering
!
ATTENTION: Viewing the PMC board LEDs requires electrical circuits
to be exposed. Stay clear if unit must be running. Disconnect and lock
out or tag power source if contact must be made. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in severe bodily injury or loss of life.
Table 6.5 lists PMC board fault codes. These faults can be identified using the three
LEDs located on the Regulator board.
Table 6.5 – PMC Board Fault Codes
Status of LEDs 1-3
6.7
Fault Description
Corrective Action
LEDs 1-3 all on.
Normal operation
(60 Hz, 50% duty);
no fault.
None required.
LEDs 1-3 all off.
VAC_LINE = ‘lo’
None required. The board will
recover when the line
becomes present.
LEDs 1-3 flash in a
3-flash sequence.
VDC_CHG = ‘lo’
Reset board.
LEDs 1-3 flash in a
2-flash sequence.
ASYM_FAULT = ‘lo’
Reset board.
LEDs 1-3 flash in a
1-flash sequence.
ACGNDFLT = ‘lo’
Reset board. (This circuit was
removed on the 350 HP
assembly.)
Resetting a Checksum (CHS) Fault
Perform the following procedure when a new Regulator board is installed or if a CHS
fault repeats.
Step 1. Press and hold STOPIRESET, PROGRAM, and DOWN ARROW for 5 to 10
seconds. A PUn error should appear.
Step 2. Press PROGRAM. P.--- is displayed.
Step 3. Press ENTER. P.000 is displayed.
Perform steps 4 through 7 if access to the second menu has not already been
enabled.
Step 4. Press UP ARROW until P.006 is displayed.
Step 5. Press ENTER.
Step 6. Press UP ARROW until 107 is displayed.
Step 7.
Press ENTER.
Perform steps 8 through 11 if changing modes of operation (V/Hz or Vec). Otherwise,
skip to step 12.
Troubleshooting the Drive
6-15
Step 8. Press UP ARROW until P.048 is displayed.
Step 9. Press ENTER.
Step 10. Press UP or DOWN ARROW to select UEC or U-H mode.
Step 11. Press ENTER. Observe SELF is displayed briefly.
Step 12. Press UP or DOWN ARROW until P.006 is displayed.
Step 13. Press ENTER.
Step 14. Press UP ARROW until 75 is displayed.
Step 15. Press ENTER.
Step 16. Press UP ARROW until R998 is displayed.
Step 17. Press ENTER.
Step 18. Press UP ARROW until ON is displayed.
Step 19. Press ENTER.
Step 20. Press UP ARROW until P.999 is displayed. Depending on software version,
the display may show PUGH or P.999.
If PUCH is displayed, wait for 0 to display. The procedure is complete.
If P.999 is displayed, continue with step 21.
Step 21. Press ENTER.
Step 22. Press UP ARROW until the correct power unit current and voltage rating
code appears. The codes are as follows:
Model
Number
41LR4060
50LR4060
64LR4060
Amps
Code
414
500
643
41.4
50.4
64.4
Step 23. Press ENTER. PUCH should appear briefly.
The drive is ready to operate. If in vector mode, enter the correct values for
U parameters and perform SELF TUNING.
6-16
Carrier VFD Quick Reference
DIF
Documentation
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error that you have found. For convenience, you may attach copies of the pages with
your comments. After you have completed this form, please return it to:
Rockwell Automation / Reliance Electric Drives
Technical Documentation
6040 Ponders Court
Greenville, SC 29607
Fax: 864-284-5483
Publication Name: LiquiFlo 1.5 AC Drive, Hardware Reference Version 1.2
Publication Number: D2-3466-2
Publication Date: May 2005
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Publication D2-3466-2 - May 2005 -- Supercedes D2-3466-1 - June 2002
Copyright ©2005 Ro ckwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
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