Technical information | Casio 2273 Watch User Manual

Module No. 2273
GETTING ACQUAINTED
2273-1
About This Manual
• Button operations are indicated using the
letters shown in the illustration.
• Each section of this manual provides you
with the information you need to perform
operations in each mode. Further details
and technical information can be found in
the “REFERENCE” section.
Congratulations upon your selection of this CASIO watch. To get the most out
of your purchase, be sure to read this manual carefully and keep it on hand
for later reference when necessary.
Warning!
• The measurement functions built into this watch are not intended for
taking measurements that require professional or industrial precision.
Values produced by this watch should be considered as reasonable
representations only.
• When using this watch to take readings while boating or engaging in
any other activity during which losing your way can create a dangerous
or life-threatening situation, always be sure to use a second compass to
confirm direction readings.
• The longitude, lunitidal interval, Moon phase indicator, and tide graph
data that appears on the display of this watch is not intended for
navigation purposes. Always use proper instruments and resources to
obtain data for navigation purposes.
• This watch is not an instrument for calculating low tide and high tide
times. The Tide Graph of this watch is intended to provide a reasonable
approximation of tidal movements only.
• CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD. assumes no responsibility for any loss,
or any claims by third parties that may arise through the use of this
watch.
(Light)
GENERAL GUIDE
• If the digital display of your watch is continuously changing, see
“Auto Display Function” for information on how to stop it.
• The illustration below shows which buttons you need to press to navigate
between modes.
• Press B to enter the Digital Compass Mode or C to enter the Barometer/
Thermometer Mode from the Timekeeping Mode or Countdown Timer/
Stopwatch Mode. To get to a sensor mode from the Moon/Tide or Alarm
Mode, you must go to the Timekeeping Mode first.
Sensor Mode
Timekeeping Mode
Digital Compass Mode
Press B or C.
▲
▲
▲
Press D.
Press D.
▲
▲
Countdown Timer/Stopwatch Mode
Press B.
Press B or C.
▲
▲
Press D.
Press C.
▲
D
Barometer/
Thermometer Mode
D
▲
Alarm Mode
▲
Moon/Tide Mode
D
TIMEKEEPING
Moon phase indicator
Day of week
Tide graph
Hour : Minutes
Important!
• The watch cannot produce correct Moon
phase or tide graph data unless the
Timekeeping Mode current time and date
settings, as well as city data settings (GMT
differential, longitudes, and lunitidal interval)
Seconds
are all correct.
Year Month – Day
PM indicator
In addition to normal timekeeping, use the
Timekeeping Mode to set the current time and
date.
• The Moon phase indicator shows the
current Moon phase.
• The tide graph shows the current tidal
movements.
• Having the batteries replaced causes the Timekeeping Mode’s time/date
and city data settings to revert to their initial factory default settings. Use
the following procedure to set the current time and date, and to make city
data settings.
To reset the seconds count to zero
1. In the Timekeeping Mode, hold down A until the second’s digits start to
flash, which indicates the setting screen.
2. Press E to reset the seconds count to 00.
• Pressing E while the seconds count is in the range of 30 to 59 resets
the seconds to 00 and add 1 to the minutes. In the range of 00 to 29,
the minutes count is unchanged.
3. Press A twice to exit the setting screen.
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To take a direction reading
Day
12/24-Hour
Format
Minutes
Hour
Month
Year
SS
S
Note
• Note that taking a measurement while the watch is not horizontal (in
relation to the horizon) can result in large measurement error.
• Pressing B while in the Digital Compass Mode starts a new direction
measurement operation.
• The following table shows the meanings of each of the direction
abbreviations that appear on the display.
Direction Meaning
To configure city data settings
1. In the Timekeeping Mode, hold down A
until the second’s digits starts to flash,
which indicates the setting screen.
2. Press A again to display the city data
setting screen, with the GMT differential
flashing.
• Press D to move the flashing in the
sequence shown below to select other
settings.
Lunitidal Interval
Longitude
E
The Moon phase and tide graph information displayed by this watch differ
according to your geographic location. Before using this watch to produce
such information, be sure to make the proper city data settings to specify your
current location.
• The lunitidal interval is the time elapsing between the Moon’s transit over
the meridian and the next high tide. See “Lunitidal Interval” for more
information.
• This watch displays lunitidal intervals in term of hours and minutes.
• GMT differential is the difference between the time in the displayed time
and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
GMT
Differential
E NE ENE
Configuring City Data Settings
GMT Differential
NN
3. While the hour, minutes, year, month, or day setting is flashing, use E (+)
and B (–) to change it.
• When the 12/24-hour setting is flashing, press E to toggle between
) and 24-hour (
) timekeeping.
12-hour (
4. Press A twice to exit the setting screen.
Magnetic
North Pointer
E SE SSE
ES
Seconds
1. Enter the Digital Compass Mode.
2. Place the watch on a flat surface or (if you
are wearing the watch) make sure that your
Direction
wrist is horizontal (in relation to the
horizon).
3. Point the 12 o’clock position of the watch in
the direction you want to determine.
4. Press B to start a Digital Compass
reading operation.
• After about two seconds, the direction
that the 12 o’clock position of the watch
is pointing appears on the display.
• Also, four pointers appear to indicate
magnetic north, south, east, and west.
Timekeeping Mode time
• Direction reading continues for the
amount of time that is currently
Direction value (in degrees)
specified for the continuous reading
N
NW
time.
NW
W
WN
0°
N
• The COMP indicator flashes on the
display while a reading is in progress.
• The direction value that appears on the
display represents the clockwise angle
formed between magnetic north (which
is 0 degrees) and the displayed
direction.
12 o’clock position
W
1. In the Timekeeping Mode, hold down A
until the second’s digits start to flash, which
indicates the setting screen.
• While the second’s digits are flashing,
press E to reset the seconds count to
00.
2. Press D to move the flashing in the
sequence shown below to select other
settings.
W SW WSW
To set the time and date
Hours
Minutes
3. Use E (+) and B (–) to change the setting of the currently selected
(flashing) item.
• The “CITY DATA LIST” provides city data information for a number of
GMT differentials, longitudes, and lunitidal intervals around the world.
• You can change the GMT differential setting in units of 0.5 (half an
hour).
• Longitude can be specified in the range of 179°W to 180°E, in 1-degree
steps.
4. Press A to exit the setting screen.
Direction
North
East
South
West
Direction bezel
Meaning Direction Meaning Direction Meaning
NorthEastNortheast
northeast
northeast
EastSouthSoutheast
southeast
southeast
SouthWestSouthwest
southwest
southwest
WestNorthNorthwest
northwest
northwest
• You can adjust the rotary direction bezel so
that the “ ” (or “N”) is aligned with the
magnetic north pointer. This correctly aligns
all of the markings on the bezel.
• The Digital Compass operation is
momentarily interrupted while an alarm
(Daily Alarm or Hourly Time Signal) or beep
(progress or time up beeper) is sounding, or
while the backlight is turned on by the Auto
Light Switch. If this happens, start the
Digital Compass operation again from the
beginning.
• See “Digital Compass Precautions” for other
important information about taking direction
readings.
Making Digital Compass Settings
DIGITAL COMPASS
A built-in bearing sensor detects magnetic north and indicates one of 16
directions on the display. Direction readings are performed in the Digital
Compass Mode.
• You can calibrate the bearing sensor if you suspect the direction reading is
incorrect.
To enter and exit the Digital Compass Mode
While in the Timekeeping, Barometer/Thermometer, or Countdown Timer/
Stopwatch Mode, press B to enter the Digital Compass Mode.
• At this time, the watch immediately starts a Digital Compass operation.
After about two seconds, letters appear on the display to indicate the
direction that the 12 o’clock position of the watch is pointing.
• Press D to return to the Timekeeping Mode.
You can set up the watch so it takes continuous direction readings for an
amount of time specified by you.
To configure the Digital Compass Mode
1. In the Digital Compass Mode, hold down
A until the upper display area shows
, which indicates the setting screen.
2. Press D twice to display the continuous
reading time setting screen.
3. While the continuous reading time digits
are selected (flashing), use E (+) and B
(–) to change the setting in increments of
10 seconds.
• You can specify a continuous reading
time in the range of 0'00'' to 1'00''.
Setting 0'00'' causes digital compass
operation to stop after a single reading.
4. Press A to exit the setting screen.
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BAROMETER/THERMOMETER
This watch uses a pressure sensor to measure air pressure (barometric
pressure) and a temperature sensor to measure a temperature.
• You can calibrate the temperature sensor and the pressure sensor if you
suspect that readings are incorrect.
Understanding the Barometer/Thermometer Screen
Barometric pressure graph
(unit: 1hPa (mb)/0.05inHg)
Temperature
Barometric pressure
Press C to enter the Barometer/Thermometer
Mode.
• Barometric pressure is displayed in units of
1hPa/mb (or 0.05inHg).
• Temperature is displayed in units of 0.1°C
(or 0.2°F).
• The displayed barometric pressure value
changes to xxxx hPa/mb (or inHg) if a
measured barometric pressure falls outside
the range of 260hPa/mb to 1100hPa/mb
(7.65inHg to 32.45inHg). The barometric
pressure value will be displayed again as
soon as the measured barometric pressure
is within the allowable range.
• The displayed temperature value changes to xx. x °C (or °F) if a
measured temperature falls outside the range of –10.0°C to 60.0°C (14.0°F
to 140.0°F). The temperature value will be displayed again as soon as the
measured temperature is within the allowable range.
• Some countries refer to the barometric pressure unit hecto-pascal (hPa) as
millibars (mb). It really makes no difference, because 1hPa = 1mb. In this
manual, we use hPa/mb or hPa (mb).
Barometric Pressure Graph
Barometric pressure indicates changes in the atmosphere. By monitoring
these changes you can predict the weather with reasonable accuracy. The
barometric pressure graph shows the barometric readings for the past 26
hours. The flashing point on the right of the display is the point for the newest
measurement. Note that pressure graph readings are relative to the newest
measurement point. One dot above the newest point is plus 1hPa(mb)/
0.05inHg, while one dot below is minus 1hPa(mb)/0.05inHg. The following
shows how to interpret the data that appears on the barometric pressure
graph.
A rising graph generally means improving weather.
A falling graph generally means deteriorating weather.
About Barometric and Temperature Measurements
• Barometric pressure and temperature measurement operations are
performed as soon as you enter the Barometer/Thermometer Mode. After
that, temperature measurements are taken every five seconds for the first
three minutes, and then taken every five minutes thereafter.
• The BARO indicator flashes on the display while a measurement is in
progress.
• The barometer automatically takes measurements every two hours
(starting from midnight), regardless of what mode you are in. The results of
these measurements are used for the barometric pressure graph.
• You can also perform a barometric pressure and temperature
measurement at any time by pressing C in the Barometer/Thermometer
Mode.
Barometer and Thermometer Precautions
• The pressure sensor built into this watch measures changes in air
pressure, which you can then apply to your own weather predictions. It is
not intended for use as a precision instrument in official weather prediction
or reporting applications.
• Sudden temperature changes can affect pressure sensor readings.
• Temperature measurements are affected by your body temperature (while
you are wearing the watch), direct sunlight, and moisture. To achieve a
more accurate temperature measurement, remove the watch from your
wrist, place it in a well ventilated location out of direct sunlight, and wipe off
all moisture from the case. It takes approximately 20 to 30 minutes for the
case of the watch to reach the actual surrounding temperature.
• You can change the measured barometric pressure unit between hectopascals/millibars (hPa/mb) and inchesHg (inHg). See “Changing the
Barometric Pressure and Temperature Units” for details.
• You can change the measured temperature value displayed by this watch
between Celsius (°C) and Fahrenheit (°F). See “Changing the Barometric
Pressure and Temperature Units”.
With the countdown timer, you can set a start time in the range of 1 to 60
minutes, and countdown the time to zero. A beeper sounds each second of
the final 10 seconds of a countdown, and you can also turn on a progress
beeper that beeps at various times during a countdown. All of this makes the
countdown timer a valuable tool for timing the start of a yacht race.
• The countdown timer also can be used as a stopwatch to measure elapsed
time, split time, and two finishes. See “STOPWATCH” for more
information.
• All the operations in this section are performed in the Countdown Timer/
Stopwatch Mode, which you can enter by pressing D.
Configuring the Countdown Timer
You need to make the settings listed below before actually using the
Countdown Timer for timing.
• Countdown start time and reset time
• Auto repeat/repeat, progress beeper on/off
• Graphic on/off
Reset time
You can set a “reset time,” which is a kind of alternate countdown start time
you can recall with the press of a button any time a countdown operation is in
progress. After recalling the reset time, you can press E to restart the
countdown operation from the recalled reset time.
Auto Repeat and Repeat
The countdown timer gives you a choice of two different repeat modes: auto
repeat and repeat.
Auto Repeat
When auto repeat is turned on, the countdown automatically restarts from the
countdown start time whenever it reaches zero.
Note
• Even if you start a countdown operation from the reset time, the countdown
automatically restarts from the countdown start time whenever it reaches zero.
• Auto repeat timing repeats 100 times or until you press E to stop the
countdown.
• Auto repeat timing is best when timing the starts of match races.
Repeat Timing
When repeat timing is turned on, the watch automatically switches to the
Stopwatch Mode and starts stopwatch timing when the end of the countdown
is reached.
▲
Note that if there are sudden changes in weather or
temperature, the graph line of past measurements may run
off the top or bottom of the display. The entire graph will
become visible once barometric conditions stabilize.
Not visible on
The following conditions cause the barometric pressure
the display.
measurement to be skipped, with the corresponding point on
the barometric pressure graph being left blank.
• Barometric reading that is out of range (260hPa/mb to 1100hPa/mb or
7.65inHg to 32.45inHg)
• Sensor malfunction
• Dead batteries
COUNTDOWN TIMER
Countdown Timer Mode
Stopwatch Mode
Note
Repeat timing is best when timing the speed of yachts during ocean races.
To set the countdown start time and reset time
Countdown start time
setting indicator
Timekeeping
Mode time
1. While in the Countdown Timer/Stopwatch
Mode, hold down A until the time setting
starts to flash, which indicates the setting
screen.
indicator to
• This causes the
appear on the display.
2. While the countdown start time setting is
flashing, use E (+) and B (–) to change
it in one-minute increments.
• You must set a countdown start time in
the range of 1'00" to 60'00".
3. Press D to display the reset time setting
screen.
• The indicator in the upper display area
to
to
changes from
indicate the reset time setting screen.
4. While the reset time is flashing, use E (+) and B (–) to change it in oneminute increments.
• You can set a reset time in the range of 1'00" to 5'00".
5. After making the setting you want, press A to exit the setting screen.
Important!
The reset time setting must be less than the countdown start time setting.
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Countdown Mode Beeper Operations
Countdown/Stopwatch Graphics
The watch beeps at various times during a countdown to keep you informed
about the countdown status without looking at the display. The following
describes the types of beeper operations the watch performs during a
countdown.
Graphic indicators move in a counter-clockwise direction during countdown
timer operation and clockwise during stopwatch operation.
• The zero point for both the minute’s indicator and the second’s indicator is
the 12 o’clock position.
• The factory default setting is graphics turned off.
Countdown End Beeper
The watch beeps each second of the final 10 seconds before a countdown
reaches zero, and at zero. The first five beeps (seconds 10 through 6) are
higher pitched than the final five beeps (seconds 5 through 1). The watch
emits a longer beep to signal when the countdown reaches zero.
Countdown Graphics
Second’s indicator
Note
The countdown end beeper always sounds, regardless of the on/off status of
the progress beeper.
Progress Beeper
The term “progress beeper” actually includes two beepers: a reset time
beeper and a reset period progress beeper.
• During a countdown operation, the graphic
indicators move counter-clockwise.
• One revolution of the second’s indicator
represents 10 seconds.
• The minute’s indicator appears when the
countdown time is 10 minutes or less. The
minute’s indicator advances one step with
each full revolution of the second’s
indicator. One revolution of the minute’s
indicator represents 10 minutes.
Minute’s indicator
Note
The reset time beeper and reset period progress beeper sound only while the
progress beeper is turned on.
Stopwatch Graphics
Second’s indicator
• Reset Time Beeper
The reset time beeper is similar to the countdown end beeper. When the
progress beeper is turned on, the watch beeps each second of the final 10
seconds before the countdown reaches the reset time.
• Reset Period Progress Beeper
The reset period is the portion of the countdown between the reset time and
zero. When the progress beeper is turned on, the watch emits fours short
beeps at the top of each minute during the reset period.
Example 1
Countdown Start Time: 10'00"
Reset Time: 5'00"
Progress Beeper: On
Minute’s indicator
To turn timer graphics on and off
1. In the Countdown Timer/Stopwatch Mode,
hold down A until the time setting starts to
flash, which indicates the setting screen.
2. Display the graphics on/off screen.
• If you started from the Countdown Timer
Mode, press D three times.
• If you started from the Stopwatch Mode,
press D once.
3. Press E to toggle the graphic display on
(ON displayed) and off (OFF displayed).
4. After making the setting you want, press
A to exit the setting screen.
Reset Period
Reset Period Progress Beeper
Start Time
Reset time
5'00" 4'00" 3'00" 2'00" 1'00" 0'00"
Reset Time Beeper
Countdown End Beeper
10'00"
Example 2
Countdown Start Time: 10'00"
Reset Time: 5'00"
Progress Beeper: Off
Start Time
10'00"
• During a stopwatch elapsed time operation,
the graphic indicators move clockwise.
• One revolution of the second’s indicator
represents 10 seconds.
• The minute’s indicator advances one step
with each full revolution of the second’s
indicator. One revolution of the minute’s
indicator represents 10 minutes.
Reset time
5'00"
0'00"
Countdown End Beeper
To turn auto repeat/repeat and the progress beeper on and off
1. While in the Countdown Timer/Stopwatch
Mode, hold down A until the time setting
starts to flash, which indicates the setting
screen.
2. Make sure the setting screen shows a
countdown start time other than zero.
• The next step will not work if the
countdown start time setting is zero. If it
is, use the procedure to change it to
another value (see “To set the
countdown start time and reset time”).
3. Press D twice to display the screen for
making auto repeat, repeat, and progress
beeper settings.
4. Each press of E cycles though the
available settings as shown below.
Using Countdown Timer
The following procedure is explained assuming the countdown timer is
configured with the following sample settings.
Progress beeper: On
Countdown Start Time: 10 minutes
Reset Time: 5 minutes
To use the countdown timer
In the Countdown Timer/Stopwatch Mode,
press E to start the countdown timer.
• The indicator YACHT flashes on the display
while a countdown operation is in progress.
• The countdown proceeds in accordance
with the configuration settings you made
using the procedures under “Configuring the
Countdown Timer”.
The table below describes the button operations you can perform while a
countdown operation is in progress.
To do this:
Do this:
Repeat, Progress beeper on
Press E.
Press A.
• Pressing E after displaying the reset
time starts the countdown from the
displayed time.
Press A and E at the same time, or
press A twice.
Repeat, Progress beeper off
The following describes the operations you can perform while the countdown
operation is stopped (by pressing E).
Auto repeat, Progress beeper on
Stop the countdown operation
Display the reset time (5 minutes in
this example)
Auto repeat, Progress beeper off
Display the countdown start time
To do this:
5. After making the setting you want, press A to exit the setting screen.
Note
Even if you turn the progress beeper off, the watch beeps every second for
the last 10 seconds before the end of a countdown is reached.
Resume the countdown from the
currently displayed time
Display the countdown start time (10
minutes in this example)
Do this:
Press E.
Press A and E at the same time or
press A.
• Pressing E after displaying the
countdown start time starts the
countdown from the displayed time.
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• See “Moon Phase Indicator” for information about the Moon phase
indicator and “Tide Graph” for information about the tide graph.
STOPWATCH
Using the Stopwatch Mode
To view the Moon age for a particular date
The following procedure describes how to enter the Stopwatch Mode from the
countdown timer.
1. In the Moon/Tide Mode, press C to display the Moon Age Screen.
2. Use E (+) and B (–) to change the date.
To enter the Stopwatch Mode
Minutes
Hours
Seconds
• The stopwatch lets you measure elapsed
time, split times, and two finishes.
• The display range of the stopwatch is 99
hours 59 minutes 59 seconds.
• The stopwatch measurement operation
continues to run, restarting from zero after it
reaches its limit, until you stop it.
• The stopwatch measurement operation
continues even if you exit the Stopwatch
Mode.
To measure times with the stopwatch
Elapsed Time
E
Start
E
Stop
Moon age
Date (Year Month – Day)
• You can select a date in the range of January 1, 2000 to December 31,
2039.
• About one second after you display a date, its Moon age and Moon
phase will appear on the display.
To view tide data for a particular time
Tide data time
*
E
Re-start
E
Stop
A
Clear
A
Split release
E
Stop
A
Clear
Split Time
E
Start
A
Split
Moon phase
indicator
About one
second
later
▲
1. Press D to enter the Countdown Timer/Stopwatch Mode.
2. Hold down A until the time setting starts to flash, which indicates the
setting screen.
• This causes the
indicator to appear on the display.
3. Use E(+) and B(–) to change the displayed countdown start time to
0'00".
• Note that you cannot enter the Stopwatch Mode while the countdown
timer start time is any other value besides 0'00".
4. After making the setting you want, press A to exit the setting screen.
indicator to appear on the display, indicating
• This causes the
the Stopwatch Mode.
1. Use the steps under “To view the Moon
age for a particular date” to specify the
date whose data you want to view.
2. Press C to display the Tide Data Screen.
3. Use E (+) and B (–) to specify the time
whose tide data you want to view.
• You can change the time in one-hour
increments.
• When setting the tide data time using the
12-hour format, take care to set the time
correctly as a.m. (no indicator) or p.m. (P
indicator).
• The area of the tide graph that
corresponds to the specified date and
time flashes.
*
ALARM
Two Finishes
E
Start
*
A
E
A
Split
Stop
Split release
First runner Second runner finishes. Display time of
finishes.
second runner.
Display time
of first
runner.
*
A
Clear
Pressing A here normally clears the stopwatch to all zeros. In the case of
a stopwatch operation started automatically by repeat timing when the end
of a countdown is reached, however, pressing A here displays the start
time instead of clearing the stopwatch to all zeros.
You can set five independent Daily Alarms.
When an alarm is turned on, the alarm tone
sounds when the alarm time is reached. You
can also turn on an Hourly Time Signal that
causes the watch to beep twice every hour on
the hour.
• The alarm number (1 through 5) indicates
appears in place of
an alarm screen.
when the Hourly Time Signal screen
is shown.
• All of the operations in this section are
Alarm number
performed in the Alarm Mode, which you
enter by pressing D.
Timekeeping Mode time
Alarm on indicator
Alarm Time (Hour : Minutes)
MOON/TIDE MODE
To set an alarm time
1. In the Alarm Mode, use E and B to
select the alarm whose time you want to
set.
You can use the Moon/Tide Mode to view the Moon age for the current date
and the Moon age, Moon phase, and tidal movements for a particular date.
Press E.
Important!
Especially when you plan to view the Moon age or tide graph, be sure to
specify the city data as well as the current time/date.
To display Moon and tide data
1. Press D to enter the Moon/Tide Mode.
• The initial date and Moon age are those based on the time, date, and
city code you have set in the Timekeeping Mode.
2. Press C to toggle between the Moon Age Screen and the Tide Data
Screen.
Moon phase indicator
Tide Graph
Press B.
AL-1
AL-2
AL-3
SIG
AL-5
AL-4
2. Hold down A until the hour digits of the alarm time start to flash, which
indicates the setting screen.
• This automatically turns on the alarm.
3. Press D to move the flashing between the hour and minutes.
4. While a setting is flashing, use E (+) and B (–) to change it.
• When setting the alarm time using the 12-hour format, take care to set
the time correctly as a.m. (no indicator) or p.m. (P indicator).
5. Press A to exit the setting screen.
Moon
Age
▲
▲
Press C.
Alarm Operation
The alarm sounds at the preset time for about 20 seconds (in all modes), or
until you stop it by pressing any button.
Date (Year Month – Day)
Moon Age Screen
Tide data time
Tide Data Screen
• The initial time setting when you display the Tide Data Screen from the
Moon Age Screen is always 6:00 (AM).
• The Tide Data Screen shows the Moon phase for the current date, with
the area of the tide graph that corresponds to the specified date and
time flashing.
To test the alarm
In the Alarm Mode, hold down C to sound the alarm.
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To turn an alarm and the Hourly Time Signal on and off
BACKLIGHT
Auto light switch on indicator
The backlight uses an EL (electroluminescent) panel that causes the entire
display to glow for easy reading in the dark.
The watch’s auto light switch automatically
turns on the backlight when you angle the
watch towards your face.
• The auto light switch must be turned on
(indicated by the auto light switch on
indicator) for it to operate.
• See “Backlight Precautions” for other
important information about using the
backlight.
To turn on the backlight manually
In any mode, press L to illuminate the display for about one second.
• The above operation turns on the backlight regardless of the current auto
light switch setting.
About the Auto Light Switch
Turning on the auto light switch causes the backlight to turn on for about one
second, whenever you position your wrist as described below in any mode.
• Be sure to wear the watch on the outside of your left wrist while using the
auto light switch.
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
Question: What causes incorrect direction readings?
Answer:
• Incorrect bidirectional calibration. Perform bidirectional calibration.
Remember that bidirectional calibration is required whenever batteries are
replaced.
• Nearby source of strong magnetism, such as a household appliance, a
large steel bridge, a steel beam, overhead wires, etc., or an attempt to
perform direction measurement on a train, boat, etc. Move away from large
metal objects and try again. Note that digital compass operation cannot be
performed inside a train, boat, etc.
Question: What causes different direction readings to produce different
results at the same location?
Answer: Magnetism generated by nearby high-tension wires are interfering
with detection of terrestrial magnetism. Move away from the hightension wires and try again.
Question: What does it mean when --- appears in place of a
direction?
This is the abnormal magnetic field indicator. It means that strong
magnetism is being generated nearby. Move away from the
source of strong magnetism and try again.
Answer:
Question: Why am I having problems taking direction readings indoors?
Answer: A TV, personal computer, speakers, or some other object is
interfering with terrestrial magnetism readings. Move away from
the object causing the interference or take the direction reading
outdoors. Indoor taking direction readings are particularly difficult
inside ferro-concrete structures. Remember that you will not be
able to take direction readings inside of trains, airplanes, etc.
Question: What do the numbers on the watch mean?
Answer: The face of this watch is marked with values
that increase in a counter-clockwise direction.
These values represent degrees. When you
take a direction reading, you can use these
values to find out how many degrees the 12
o’clock position of this watch (which is the
direction indicated in the digital display) differs
from magnetic north.
90
1. In the Alarm Mode, use E and B to select an alarm or the Hourly Time
Signal.
2. When the alarm or the Hourly Time Signal you want is selected, press C
to turn it on and off.
Indicates alarm is ON.
Indicates Hourly Time Signal is ON.
• The alarm on indicator ( ) and the Hourly Time Signal on indicator
( ) are shown on the display in all modes while these functions are
turned on.
• If any alarm is on, the alarm on indicator is shown on the display in all
modes.
Moving the watch to a position that is parallel to the ground and then tilting
it towards you more than 40 degrees causes the backlight to turn on.
For example, when the Magnetic North Pointer is pointing at “90” on the
watch’s face, it means that the 12 o’clock position is 90 degrees from
magnetic north (which means that the 12 o’clock pointing due east).
Parallel to
ground
More than
40°
Warning!
• Always make sure you are in a safe place whenever you are reading
the display of the watch using the auto light switch. Be especially
careful when running or engaged in any other activity that can result
in accident or injury. Also take care that sudden illumination by the
auto light switch does not surprise or distract others around you.
• When you are wearing the watch, make sure that its auto light switch
is turned off before riding on a bicycle or operating a motorcycle or
any other motor vehicle. Sudden and unintended operation of the
auto light switch can create a distraction, which can result in a traffic
accident and serious personal injury.
Question: How does the barometer work?
Answer: Barometric pressure indicates changes in the atmosphere, and by
monitoring these changes you can predict the weather with
reasonable accuracy. Rising atmospheric pressure indicates good
weather, while falling pressure indicates deterioration weather
conditions.
The barometric pressures that you see in the newspaper and on
the TV weather report are measurements corrected to values
measured at 0 m sea level.
REFERENCE
This section contains more detailed and technical information about watch
operation. It also contains important precautions and notes about the various
features and functions of this watch.
To turn the auto light switch on and off
In the Timekeeping Mode, hold down E for about one second to toggle the
displayed) or off (
not displayed).
auto light switch on (
) is on the display in all modes
• The auto light switch on indicator (
while the auto light switch is turned on.
• In order to protect against running down the batteries, the auto light switch
automatically turns off approximately six hours after you turn it on. Repeat
the above procedure to turn the auto light switch back on if you want.
Auto Display Function
Auto Display function of this watch continually
changes the contents of the digital display.
Note that you cannot use any of the watch’s
other functions (except for the backlight) while
the Auto Display function is operating.
To turn the Auto Display off
Hold down D for about three seconds until
the watch beeps.
This returns to the Timekeeping Mode.
To turn the Auto Display on
Hold down D for about three seconds until the watch beeps.
• Note that the Auto Display function cannot be performed while you are
making settings.
2273-7
Moon Phase Indicator
The Moon phase indicator of this watch indicates the current phase of the
Moon as shown below.
Graph
If the cause of the low battery indicator is due to use under cold conditions,
normal operation should return after the watch is brought back to normal
temperature.
If the cause of the low battery indicator is due to low battery power (indicated
and
appears under normal temperatures),
when
you should have the watch’s batteries replaced as soon as possible.
Sensor Malfunction Indicator
Moon Age
0, 1, 29
2–5
Moon Phase New
Moon
6–9
10–13
First
Quarter
(Waxing)
14–16
17–20
Full
Moon
21–24 25–28
This message flashes on the display to
indicate malfunction of pressure sensor
circuitry.
Note that calibrating the Digital Compass can
message to appear. In
also cause the
this case, the message does not indicate
sensor malfunction, and the condition should
be corrected when you re-calibrate the Digital
Compass.
Last
Quarter
(Waning)
• The light part of the Moon phase indicator shows the part of the Moon that
is visible in the sky during each particular phase.
• The Moon phase indicator shows the Moon as viewed at noon from a
position in the Northern Hemisphere looking south. Note that at times the
image shown by the Moon phase indicator may differ from that of the
actual Moon in your area.
• The left-right orientation of the Moon phase is reversed when viewing from
the Southern Hemisphere or from a point near the equator.
Moon Phases and Moon Age
The Moon goes through a regular 29.53-day cycle during which it appears to
wax and wane due to how the Sun illuminates the Moon and the relative
positioning of the Earth, Moon, and Sun. The greater the angular distance
between the Moon and the Sun,* the more we see illuminated.
* The angle to the Moon in relation to the direction at which the Sun is visible
from the Earth.
This watch perform a rough calculation of the current Moon age starting from
day 0 of the moon age cycle. The actual Moon age average cycle is 29.53
days, but this can vary anywhere from –1 day to +1 day for specific months.
Since this performs calculations using integer values only (no fractions), the
margin for error of the displayed Moon age is ±2 days.
Tide Graph
The black bar on the watch’s tide graph indicates the current tide.
Important!
• If a sensor malfunctions or if battery power is low when it comes time for a
measurement to be taken, the measurement value appears as xxxx on
the display. In the case of barometric pressure measurement, the
corresponding point on the barometric pressure graph is left blank.
(sensor malfunction) or
• There may be cases where the
(low battery) message disappears from the display when
you change modes. In this case, you can continue using the watch
normally unless the warning indicator reappears.
Whenever you have a sensor malfunction, be sure to take the watch back
to the store or dealer where you purchased it.
Auto Return Features
• If you leave the watch in the Digital Compass or Barometer/Thermometer
Mode, for 1 to 2 hours without performing any operation, the watch
automatically returns to the Timekeeping Mode.
• If you leave a screen with flashing digits on the display for two or three
minutes without performing any operation, the watch automatically saves
anything you have input up to that point and exits the setting screen.
Setting Scrolling
High tide
Low tide
High tide
Tidal Movements
Tides are the periodic rise and fall of the water of oceans, seas, bays, and
other bodies of water caused mainly by the gravitational interactions between
the Earth, Moon and Sun. Tides rise and fall about every six hours. The tide
graph of this watch indicates tidal movement based on the Moon’s transit
over the meridian and the lunitidal interval. The lunitidal interval differs
according to your current location, so you must specify a lunitidal interval in
order to obtain the correct tide graph readings.
Lunitidal Interval
Theoretically, high tide is at the Moon’s transit over the meridian and low tide is
about six hours later. Actual high tide occurs somewhat later, due to factors
such as viscosity, friction, and underwater topography. Both the time differential
between the Moon’s transit over the meridian until high tide and the time
differential between the Moon’s transit over the meridian until low tide are
known as the “lunitidal interval.” When setting the lunitidal interval for this
watch, use the time differential between the Moon’s transit over the meridian
until high tide.
Warning Indicators
Warning indicators appear whenever any of the conditions described below
occur. Appearance of a warning indicator causes any measurement operation
that is currently underway to stop. Warning indicators appear in the upper
to replace any directional, temperature,
display area, and this causes
or barometer values on the display.
Abnormal Magnetic Field Indicator
This indicator appears whenever the watch
has a problem obtaining a correct direction
reading. This condition could indicate that the
watch is within a very high magnetic field, and
so you should try moving to another location.
Also, see “Digital Compass Precautions” for
further information on conditions that cause
errors.
Low Battery Indicator
This message indicates that battery power is
too low to perform the measurement. It
appears whenever battery power drops below
a certain level, or when you try to perform a
measurement under very cold conditions
(below about –10°C/14°F).
The E and B buttons are used in various setting screens to scroll through
data on the display. In most cases, holding down these buttons during a scroll
operation scrolls through the data at high speed.
Timekeeping
• The day of the week is automatically displayed in accordance with the date
(year, month, and day) settings.
• The year can be set in the range of 2000 to 2039. Going past December
31, 2039 reverts to January 1, 2000.
• The watch’s built-in full automatic calendar automatically makes
allowances for different month lengths and leap years. Once you set the
date, there should be no reason to change it except after you have the
watch’s batteries replaced.
12-hour/24-hour Timekeeping Formats
The 12-hour/24-hour timekeeping format you select in the Timekeeping Mode
is also applied in all modes.
• With the 12-hour format, the P (PM) indicator appears to the left of the hour
digits for times in the range of noon to 11:59 p.m. and no indicator appears
to the left of the hour digits for times in the range of midnight to 11:59 a.m.
• With the 24-hour format, times are displayed in the range of 0:00 to 23:59,
without any indicator.
Backlight Precautions
• The electro-luminescent panel that provides illumination loses power after
very long use.
• The illumination provided by the backlight may be hard to see when viewed
under direct sunlight.
• The watch will emit an audible sound whenever the display is illuminated.
This is due to vibration of the EL panel used for illumination, and does not
indicate malfunction.
• The backlight automatically turns off whenever an alarm sounds.
• The backlight remains lit for about one second from the point you press the
button, even if it is already lit when you press the button. If you keep the
button depressed for one second or more, the backlight automatically turns
off.
• Frequent use of the backlight shortens the battery life.
2273-8
Auto light switch precautions
To perform bidirectional calibration
• Avoid wearing the watch on the inside of your wrist. Doing so causes the
auto light switch to operate when it is not needed, which shortens battery
life. If you want to wear the watch on the inside of your wrist, turn off the
auto light switch feature.
More than 15 degrees
too high
• The backlight may not light if the face of the
watch is more than 15 degrees above or
below parallel. Make sure that the back of
your hand is parallel to the ground.
• The backlight turns off in about one second,
even if you keep the watch pointed towards
your face.
• Static electricity or magnetic force can interfere with proper operation of the
auto light switch. If the backlight does not light, try moving the watch back
to the starting position (parallel with the ground) and then tilt it back toward
you again. If this does not work, drop your arm all the way down so it
hangs at your side, and then bring it back up again.
• Under certain conditions, the backlight may not light until about one second
after you turn the face of the watch towards you. This does not necessarily
indicate malfunction of the backlight.
Digital Compass Precautions
This watch features a built-in magnetic bearing sensor that detects terrestrial
magnetism. This means that north indicated by this watch is magnetic north,
which is somewhat different from true polar north. The magnetic north pole is
located in northern Canada, while the magnetic south pole is in southern
Australia. Note that the difference between magnetic north and true north as
measured with all magnetic compasses tends to be greater as one gets
closer to either of the magnetic poles. You should also remember that some
maps indicate true north (instead of magnetic north), and so you should make
allowances when using such maps with this watch.
Location
• Taking a direction reading when you are near a source of strong
magnetism can cause large errors in readings. Because of this, you should
avoid taking direction readings while in the vicinity of the following types of
objects: permanent magnets (magnetic necklaces, etc.), concentrations of
metal (metal doors, lockers, etc.), high tension wires, aerial wires,
household appliances (TVs, personal computers, washing machines,
freezers, etc.)
• Accurate direction readings are impossible while in a train, boat, air plane,
etc.
• Accurate readings are also impossible indoors, especially inside ferroconcrete structures. This is because the metal framework of such
structures picks up magnetism from appliances, etc.
Storage
• The precision of the bearing sensor may deteriorate if the watch becomes
magnetized. Because of this, you should be sure to store the watch away
from magnets or any other sources of strong magnetism, including:
permanent magnets (magnetic necklaces, etc.) and household appliances
(TVs, personal computers, washing machines, freezers, etc.)
• Whenever you suspect that the watch may have become magnetized,
perform one of the calibration procedures under “Calibrating the Bearing
Sensor” below.
Calibrating the Bearing Sensor
Whenever you suspect that direction readings produced by the watch are
wrong, you should calibrate it. You can use either one of two calibration
procedures: bidirectional calibration or northerly calibration.
Use bidirectional calibration when you want to take readings within an area
exposed to magnetic force. This type of calibration should be used if the
watch become magnetized for any reason.
With northerly calibration, you “teach” the watch which way is north (which
you have to determine with another compass or some other means). You
could use this calibration procedure, for example, to set the watch to indicate
true north instead of magnetic north.
Important!
• If you want to perform both bidirectional and northerly calibration, be sure
to perform bidirectional calibration first, and then perform northerly
calibration. This is necessary because bidirectional calibration cancels any
previously set northerly calibration setting.
• The more correctly you perform bidirectional calibration, the better the
accuracy of the bearing sensor readouts. You should perform bidirectional
calibration whenever you change environments where you use the bearing
sensor, and whenever you feel that the bearing sensor is producing
incorrect readings.
1. Enter the Digital Compass Mode.
2. Hold down A until the upper display area
, which indicates
changes to show
the setting screen.
• At this time, the magnetic north pointer
flashes at the 12 o’clock position to
indicate that the watch is ready to
calibrate the first direction.
3. Place the watch on a level surface facing any direction you want, and
press B to calibrate the first direction.
• When the calibration procedure is complete, the message
appears in the upper display area. This soon changes to
and
the magnetic north pointer flashes at the 6 o’clock position to indicate
that the watch is ready for the second direction.
4. Rotate the watch 180 degrees.
5. Press B again to calibrate the second direction.
• When the calibration procedure is complete, the message
appears in the upper display area. After a short while, the watch
automatically returns to the Digital Compass Mode screen.
Precautions about bidirectional calibration
• You can use any two opposing directions for bidirectional calibration. You
must, however, make sure that they are 180 degrees opposite each other.
Remember that if you perform the procedure incorrectly, you will get wrong
bearing sensor readings.
• Do not move the watch during the one or two seconds (from the point you
appears in the upper display area) that
press B up to the point that
the calibration of each direction is in progress. If you do, the message
appears in the upper display area, which means you have to
restart the bidirectional calibration procedure from the beginning.
during bidirectional calibration can also be
• The appearance of
caused by local interference. If you suspect that this is the case, move to
another location and try the procedure again.
• You should perform bidirectional calibration in an environment that is the
same as that where you plan to be taking direction readings. If you plan to
take direction readings in an open field, for example, calibrate in an open
field.
To perform northerly calibration
1. While in the Digital Compass Mode, hold
down A until the upper display area
, which indicates
changes to show
the setting screen.
2. Press D to start the northerly calibration
procedure.
• At this time, the indicator (direction )
appears in the upper display area.
3. Place the watch on a level surface, and position it so that its 12 o’clock
position points north (as measured with another compass).
4. Press B to start the calibration operation.
• When the calibration procedure is complete, the message
appears in the upper display area. After a short while, the watch
automatically returns to the Digital Compass Mode screen.
Changing the Barometric Pressure and Temperature
Units
Changing the barometric pressure units automatically restarts the barometric
pressure graph.
To change the Barometric Pressure and Temperature Units
1. Enter the Barometer/Thermometer Mode.
2. Hold down A until the message OFF
appears (flashing), which indicates the
setting screen.
• A temperature value appears instead of
OFF (factory calibration) if you
previously calibrated the temperature
sensor.
3. Press D to move the flashing to the unit setting you want to change
(°C/°F or hPa[mb]/inHg).
• Pressing D moves the flashing in the sequence shown below.
Temperature
Calibration
Barometric
Pressure
Calibration
°C / °F
hPa[mb]/inHg
4. Press E or B to select the unit you want.
5. Press A to return to the Barometer/Thermometer Mode screen.
2273-9
Calibrating the Temperature Sensor
The temperature sensor of this watch is calibrated at the factory before
shipment and further adjustment is normally not required. If you notice
serious errors in the temperature readings produced by the watch, you can
calibrate the sensor to correct the errors.
Important!
Incorrectly calibrating the temperature sensor can result in incorrect readings.
Carefully read the following before doing anything.
• Compare the readings produced by the watch with those of another
reliable and accurate thermometer.
• If adjustment is required, remove the watch from your wrist and wait for 20
or 30 minutes to give the temperature of the watch time to stabilize.
To calibrate the temperature
1. Enter the Barometer/Thermometer Mode.
2. Hold down A until the message OFF
appears (flashing), which indicates the
setting screen.
• A temperature value appears instead of
OFF (factory calibration) if you
previously calibrated the temperature
sensor.
3. Each press of E increases the displayed temperature by 0.1°C (or 0.2°F)
while pressing B decreases it.
• Pressing B and E at the same time returns to the factory calibration
(OFF).
4. Press A to return to the Barometer/Thermometer Mode screen.
Calibrating the Barometric Pressure Sensor
The pressure sensor of this watch is calibrated at the factory before shipment
and further adjustment is normally not required. If you notice serious errors in
the barometric pressure readings produced by the watch, you can calibrate
the sensor to correct the errors.
Important!
Incorrectly calibrating the barometric pressure sensor can result in incorrect
readings. Before performing the calibration procedure, compare the readings
produced by the watch with those of another reliable and accurate barometer.
To calibrate the barometric pressure
1. Enter the Barometer/Thermometer Mode.
2. Hold down A until the message OFF
appears (flashing), which indicates the
setting screen.
• A temperature value appears instead of
OFF (factory calibration) if you
previously calibrated the temperature
sensor.
3. Press D to move the flashing to the barometric pressure calibration
setting.
• At this time, OFF or the barometric pressure value should be flashing
on the display.
4. Each press of E increases the displayed barometric pressure by 1 hPa/
mb (0.05inHg), while pressing B decreases it.
• Pressing B and E at the same time returns to the factory calibration
(OFF).
5. Press A to return to the Barometer/Thermometer Mode screen.
CITY DATA LIST
Location
GMT Differential
ANCHORAGE
–9.0
BAHAMAS
–5.0
BAJA, CALIFORNIA
–7.0
BANGKOK
+7.0
BOSTON
–5.0
BUENOS AIRES
–3.0
CASABLANCA
+0.0
CHRISTMAS ISLAND
+14.0
DAKAR
+0.0
GREAT BARRIER REEF, CAIRNS
+10.0
GUAM
+10.0
HAMBURG
+1.0
HONG KONG
+8.0
HONOLULU
–10.0
JAKARTA
+7.0
JEDDAH
+3.0
KARACHI
+5.0
KONA, HAWAII
–10.0
LIMA
–5.0
LISBON
+0.0
LONDON
+0.0
LOS ANGELES
–8.0
MALDIVES
+5.0
MANILA
+8.0
MAURITIUS
+4.0
MELBOURNE
+10.0
MIAMI
–5.0
NOUMEA
+11.0
PAGO PAGO
–11.0
PALAU
+9.0
PANAMA CITY
–5.0
PAPEETE
–10.0
RIO DE JANEIRO
–3.0
SEATTLE
–8.0
SHANGHAI
+8.0
SINGAPORE
+8.0
SYDNEY
+10.0
TOKYO
+9.0
VANCOUVER
–8.0
WELLINGTON
+12.0
• Based on data as of January 2000.
Longitude
150°W
77°W
110°W
100°E
71°W
58°W
8°W
157°W
17°W
146°E
145°E
10°E
114°E
158°W
107°E
39°E
67°E
156°W
77°W
9°W
0°E
118°W
74°E
121°E
57°E
145°E
80°W
166°E
171°W
134°E
80°W
150°W
43°W
122°W
121°E
104°E
151°E
140°E
123°W
175°E
Lunitidal Interval
5:40
7:30
8:40
4:40
11:20
6:00
1:30
4:00
7:40
9:40
7:40
4:50
9:10
3:40
0:00
6:30
10:10
4:00
5:20
2:00
1:10
9:20
0:10
10:30
0:50
2:10
7:30
8:30
6:40
7:30
3:00
0:10
3:10
4:20
1:20
10:20
8:40
5:18
5:10
4:50
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