Casio EX-Z450 Digital Camera User Manual

PENTAX Corporation
SLR Digital Camera
Operating Manual
Operating Manual
2-36-9, Maeno-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 174-8639, JAPAN
(http://www.pentax.co.jp/)
PENTAX Europe GmbH
Julius-Vosseler-Strasse 104, 22527 Hamburg,
(European Headquarters) GERMANY
(HQ - http://www.pentaxeurope.com)
(Germany - http://www.pentax.de)
PENTAX U.K. Limited
PENTAX House, Heron Drive, Langley, Slough, Berks
SL3 8PN, U.K.
(http://www.pentax.co.uk)
PENTAX France S.A.S.
112 Quai de Bezons, B.P. 204
95106 Argenteuil Cedex, FRANCE
(http://www.pentax.fr)
PENTAX Italia S.r.l.
Via Dione Cassio 15, 20138 Milano, ITALY
(http://www.pentaxitalia.it)
PENTAX (Schweiz) AG
Widenholzstrasse 1, 8304 Wallisellen, Postfach 367,
8305 Dietlikon, SWITZERLAND
(http://www.pentax.ch)
PENTAX Scandinavia AB P.O. Box 650, 75127 Uppsala, SWEDEN
(http://www.pentax.se)
PENTAX Imaging Company
A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc.
(Headquarters)
600 12th Street, Suite 300 Golden, Colorado 80401, U.S.A.
(PENTAX Service Department)
12000 Zuni Street, Suite 100B
Westminster, Colorado 80234,
U.S.A. (http://www.pentaximaging.com)
PENTAX Canada Inc.
1770 Argentia Road Mississauga, Ontario L5N 3S7,
CANADA
(http://www.pentax.ca)
http://www.pentax.co.jp/english
• Specifications and external dimensions are subject to change without notice.
57922
Copyright © PENTAX Corporation 2007
01-200705 Printed in Philippines
For optimum camera performance, please read
the Operating Manual before using the camera.
Thank you for purchasing the PENTAX s Digital Camera.
Please read this manual before using the camera in order to get the most out
of all the features and functions. Keep this manual safe, as it can be a valuable
tool in helping you to understand all the camera’s capabilities.
Lenses you can use
In general, lenses that can be used with this camera are DA, D FA and FA J lenses and
lenses that have an Aperture s (Auto) position.
To use any other lens or accessory, see p.37 and p.188.
Regarding copyrights
Images taken using the s that are for anything other than personal
enjoyment cannot be used without permission according to the rights as specified in the
Copyright Act. Please take care, as there are even cases where limitations are placed
on taking pictures even for personal enjoyment during demonstrations, performances
or of items on display. Images taken with the purpose of obtaining copyrights also
cannot be used outside the scope of use of the copyright as laid out in the Copyright
Act, and care should be taken here also.
Regarding trademarks
PENTAX, s and smc PENTAX are trademarks of PENTAX Corporation.
PENTAX PHOTO Browser, PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory and SDM are trademarks of
PENTAX Corporation.
This product supports PRINT Image Matching III. PRINT Image Matching enabled
digital still cameras, printers and software help photographers to produce images more
faithful to their intentions. Some functions are not available on printers that are not
PRINT Image Matching III compliant.
Copyright 2001 Seiko Epson Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
PRINT Image Matching is a trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
The PRINT Image Matching logo is a trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
•
SDHC Logo is trademark.
• All other brands or product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
To users of this camera
• There is a possibility that recorded data may be erased or that the camera may not
function correctly when used in surroundings such as installations generating strong
electromagnetic radiation or magnetic fields.
• The liquid crystal panel used in the LCD display is manufactured using extremely high
precision technology. Although the level of functioning pixels is 99.99% or better, you
should be aware that 0.01% or fewer of the pixels may not illuminate or may illuminate
when they should not. However, this has no effect on the recorded image.
Regarding PictBridge
PictBridge allows the user to connect the printer and digital camera directly, using the
unified standard for the direct printout of images. You can print images directly from the
camera through a few simple operations.
• There is a possibility that the illustrations and the display screen of the LCD monitor
in this manual are different from the actual product.
1
USING YOUR CAMERA SAFELY
We have paid close attention to the safety of this product. When using this
product, we request your special attention regarding items marked with the
following symbols.
Warning
Caution
This symbol indicates that violating this item could cause
serious personal injuries.
This symbol indicates that violating this item could cause
minor or medium personal injuries, or material losses.
ABOUT THE CAMERA
Warning
• Do not disassemble or modify the camera. High voltage areas are present
inside the camera, with the risk of electric shock.
• If the camera interior is exposed due to dropping or otherwise damaging the
camera, never touch the exposed portion. There is the risk of electric shock.
• To avoid the risk of it being swallowed by mistake, keep the SD Memory
Card out of the reach of small children. Seek medical attention immediately
if a memory card is accidentally swallowed.
• Wrapping the strap around your neck is dangerous. Take care that small
children do not hang the strap over their necks.
• Do not look directly at the sun through the camera with the telephoto lens
attached, as viewing the sun may damage your eyes. Viewing the sun
directly with the telephoto lens may lead to a loss of eyesight.
• Be sure to store batteries out of the reach of children. Seek medical
assistance immediately if a battery is accidentally swallowed.
• Always use the AC adapter exclusively developed for this product, with the
specified power and voltage. Using an AC adapter not exclusive to this
product, or using the exclusive AC adapter with an unspecified power or
voltage can cause a fire, electric shock, or camera breakdown.
• If any irregularities occur during use, such as smoke or a strange odor, stop
use immediately, remove the batteries or the AC adapter, and contact your
nearest PENTAX service center. Continued use could cause a fire or electric
shock.
• During thunderstorms, unplug and discontinue use of the AC adapter.
Continued use could cause equipment failure, a fire, or electric shock.
2
Caution
• Do not short the batteries or dispose of the batteries in fire. Do not
disassemble the batteries. The batteries could explode or catch fire.
• Of the batteries that can be used in this camera (AA Ni-MH batteries, AA
lithium batteries, AA alkaline batteries and CR-V3), only the Ni-MH batteries
can be recharged. Recharging other batteries can cause a fire or explosion.
• Remove the batteries from the camera immediately if they become hot or
begin to smoke. Be careful not to burn yourself during removal.
• Some portions of the camera heat up during use. There is the risk of low
temperature burns when holding such portions for long periods.
• Do not place your finger over or cover the flash with clothing when
discharging the flash. Fingers or clothing may be burned.
• To reduce the risk of hazards, use only CSA/UL Certified power supply cord
set, cord is Type SPT-2 or heavier, minimum NO.18 AWG copper, one end
with a molded-on male attachment plug cap (with a specified NEMA
configuration), and the other is provided with a molded-on female connector
body (with a specified IEC nonindustrial type configuration) or the equivalent.
PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY USAGE
• Only use specified batteries with this camera. Use of other batteries can
cause a fire or explosion.
• Replace all the batteries at the same time. Do not mix battery brands, type
or an old battery with a new one. It may cause explosion or a fire.
• The batteries should be inserted correctly with regard to polarity (+ and –)
marked on the batteries and the camera. Not inserting batteries correctly
may cause explosion or a fire.
• Do not disassemble the batteries. Of the batteries that can be used in this
camera, only the Ni-MH batteries can be recharged. Disassembling the
batteries or attempting to charge non-rechargeable batteries could result in
explosion or leakage.
Care to be Taken During Handling
• When traveling, take the Worldwide Service Network that is included in the
package. This will be useful if you experience problems abroad.
• When the camera has not been used for a long time, confirm that it is still
working properly, particularly prior to taking important pictures (such as at a
wedding or during traveling). Pictures cannot be guaranteed if recording,
playback or transferring your data to a computer, etc. is not possible due to
a malfunction of your camera or recording media (SD Memory Card), etc.
• Do not clean the product with organic solvents such as thinner or alcohol
benzene.
• Do not subject the camera to high temperatures or high humidity. Do not
leave the camera in a vehicle, as the temperature can get very high.
• Do not store the camera with preservatives and chemicals. Storage in high
temperatures and high humidity can cause molding. Remove from case and
store in a dry and well-ventilated location.
• This camera is not waterproof, and should not be used in the rain or where
the camera could get wet.
• Do not subject the camera to strong vibrations, shocks, or pressure. Use a
cushion to protect the camera from vibrations of motorcycles, automobiles,
or ships.
• The temperature range for camera use is 0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F).
• The LCD display may appear black under high temperatures, but will return
to normal as temperatures normalize.
• The LCD display may respond more slowly at low temperatures. This is due
to liquid crystal properties, and is not a fault.
• Periodic inspections are recommended every one to two years to maintain
high performance.
• Sudden temperature changes will cause condensation on the inside and
outside of the camera. Place the camera in your bag or a plastic bag,
removing the camera after temperature of the camera and surroundings are
equalized.
• Avoid contact with garbage, mud, sand, dust, water, toxic gases, or salts.
These could cause a camera breakdown. Wipe dry any rain or water drops
on the camera.
• Refer to “Precautions When Using the SD Memory Card” (p.30) regarding
the SD Memory Card.
• Use a lens brush to remove dust accumulated on the lens or viewfinder.
Never use a spray blower for cleaning as it may damage the lens.
• Please do not press forcefully on the LCD monitor. This could cause
breakage or malfunction.
Regarding Product Registration
In order to better serve you, we request that you complete the product registration,
which can be found on the CD-ROM supplied with the camera or on the PENTAX
website. Thank you for your cooperation.
Refer to the PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating
Manual (Windows users: p.9, Mac OS users: p.10) for more information.
3
4
Contents
USING YOUR CAMERA SAFELY........................................................1
ABOUT THE CAMERA.........................................................................1
PRECAUTIONS FOR BATTERY USAGE ............................................2
Care to be Taken During Handling .......................................................2
Contents ...............................................................................................4
Composition of the Operating Manual ..................................................9
Before Using Your Camera
11
s Camera Characteristics................................ 12
Checking the Contents of the Package...................................... 13
Names of Working Parts ............................................................. 14
Camera ...............................................................................................14
LCD Monitor Indications .....................................................................16
Viewfinder Indications.........................................................................20
LCD Panel Indications ........................................................................22
Getting Started
23
Attaching the Strap ...................................................................... 24
Inserting the Batteries ................................................................. 25
Batteries..............................................................................................26
Battery Level Indicator ........................................................................27
Approximate Image Storage Capacity and Playback Time
(new batteries) ....................................................................................27
Using the AC Adapter (Optional) ........................................................28
Inserting/Removing the SD Memory Card ................................. 29
Recorded Pixels and Quality Level.....................................................31
Turning the Camera On and Off.................................................. 32
Initial Settings .............................................................................. 33
Setting the Display Language.............................................................33
Setting the Date and Time ..................................................................35
Attaching the Lens....................................................................... 37
Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter ............................................... 39
Basic Operations
41
Basic Shooting Operation ........................................................... 42
Holding the Camera............................................................................42
Letting the Camera Choose the Optimal Settings ..............................43
Taking Pictures Using the Shake
Reduction Function ..................................................................... 47
Turning On the Shake Reduction Function.........................................48
Setting the Shake Reduction Function ...............................................49
Selecting the Appropriate Capturing Mode for Scenes............ 50
Selecting the Shooting Scene.............................................................51
Using a Zoom Lens ...................................................................... 53
Using the Built-in Flash ............................................................... 54
Other Shooting Modes................................................................. 58
Continuous Shooting ..........................................................................58
Self-Timer Shooting ............................................................................60
Remote Control Shooting (Remote Control F: Sold Separately) ........64
Using Mirror Up Function to Prevent Camera Shake .........................67
Playing Back Still Pictures .......................................................... 68
Playing Back Images ..........................................................................68
Enlarging Playback Images ................................................................70
Nine-Image Display ............................................................................71
Slideshow ...........................................................................................73
Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment................................. 75
Processing Images with Filters .................................................. 76
Deleting Images ........................................................................... 79
Deleting a Single Image......................................................................79
Deleting All Images.............................................................................80
Deleting Selected Images (from Nine-Image Display)........................81
Protecting Images from Deletion (Protect)..........................................83
Setting the Printing Service (DPOF)........................................... 85
Printing Single Images........................................................................85
Settings for All Images........................................................................86
Printing Using PictBridge............................................................ 88
Setting [Transfer Mode] ......................................................................89
Connecting the Camera to the Printer ................................................90
Printing Single Images........................................................................91
Printing All Images..............................................................................93
Printing Images Using the DPOF Settings..........................................95
Disconnecting the USB Cable ............................................................95
5
6
Menu Reference
97
Using the Button Functions ........................................................ 98
Capture Mode .....................................................................................98
Playback Mode .................................................................................100
Using the Menu .......................................................................... 102
How to Operate the Menu.................................................................102
[A Rec. Mode] Menu Setting Items .................................................104
[Q Playback] Menu Setting Items ...................................................104
[H Set-up] Menu Setting Items ........................................................105
[A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items ...........................................106
Using the Fn Menu ..................................................................... 108
Capture Mode ...................................................................................108
Playback Mode .................................................................................109
Using the Mode Dial................................................................... 110
Function Reference
113
Setting the Recorded Pixels and Quality Level....................... 114
Setting the Image Tone ....................................................................114
Setting the Recorded Pixels .............................................................115
Setting the Quality Level...................................................................116
Setting the Saturation/Sharpness/Contrast ......................................117
Setting the White Balance ................................................................118
Setting the Sensitivity .......................................................................121
Setting the Color Space....................................................................123
Focusing ..................................................................................... 124
Using the Autofocus..........................................................................124
Setting the AF Mode .........................................................................127
Selecting the Focusing Area (AF Point)............................................128
Fixing the Focus (Focus Lock)..........................................................130
Adjusting the Focus Manually (Manual Focus).................................132
Setting the Exposure ................................................................. 134
Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed...............................................134
Selecting the Metering Method .........................................................136
Changing the Exposure Mode ..........................................................138
Setting the Exposure ........................................................................147
Changing the Exposure and Shooting (Auto Bracket) ......................149
Checking the Composition, Exposure and Focus Before
Shooting ..................................................................................... 152
Displaying the Preview .....................................................................152
Selecting the Preview Method ..........................................................153
Using the Built-in Flash ............................................................. 154
Compensating Flash Output .............................................................154
Allowing Shooting while Charging Flash...........................................155
Flash Characteristics in Each Exposure Mode .................................155
Distance and Aperture when Using the Built-in Flash ......................156
DA, D FA , FA J, FA and F Lens Compatibility
with the Built-in Flash........................................................................158
Using an External Flash (Optional)...................................................160
Settings During Playback.......................................................... 167
Changing Playback Display Method ................................................167
Setting the Slideshow Display Interval..............................................168
Camera Settings......................................................................... 169
Formatting the SD Memory Card......................................................169
Turning the Beep On and Off............................................................170
Changing the Date and Time and the Display Style .........................170
Setting the World Time .....................................................................171
Setting the Display Language...........................................................174
Turning the Guide Display On and Off..............................................174
Adjusting the Brightness of the LCD Monitor....................................175
Selecting the Video Output Format...................................................175
Setting Auto Power Off .....................................................................176
Selecting the Folder Name ...............................................................176
Resetting the File Number ................................................................177
Setting the Display Instant Review and Digital Preview ...................177
Resetting to Default Settings .................................................... 179
Resetting Rec. Mode/Playback/Set-up Menu ...................................179
Resetting the Custom Function Menu ..............................................180
7
8
Appendix
181
Default Settings.......................................................................... 182
Functions Available with Various Lens Combinations .......... 186
Notes on [Using Aperture Ring] ............................................... 188
Cleaning the CCD....................................................................... 189
Removing Dust by Shaking the CCD................................................189
Removing Dust with a Blower...........................................................190
Optional Accessories ................................................................ 192
Error Messages .......................................................................... 194
Troubleshooting......................................................................... 196
Main Specifications ................................................................... 199
Specifications for Remote Control F (Optional) ................................201
Glossary...................................................................................... 202
Index............................................................................................ 206
WARRANTY POLICY.................................................................. 210
9
Composition of the Operating Manual
This Operating Manual contains the following chapters.
1 Before Using Your Camera
Explains camera characteristics, accessories and the names of various
parts.
1
2
2 Getting Started
Explains your first steps from purchasing the camera to taking pictures. Be
sure to read it and follow the instructions.
3 Basic Operations
Explains the procedures for taking, playing back, and printing still pictures.
Read it to learn all of the basic operations about capturing, playing back,
and printing.
4 Menu Reference
Explains the functions of s by buttons and menus.
5 Function Reference
Introduces functions to further enhance your s
experience.
6 Appendix
Explains troubleshooting, introduces optional accessories and provides
various resources.
The symbols used in this Operating Manual are explained below.
1
Shows reference page number explaining a related operation.
Shows useful information.
Shows precautions to take when operating the camera.
3
4
5
6
10
Memo
1
Before Using Your
Camera
Check the package contents and names of working parts
before use.
s Camera Characteristics ........12
Checking the Contents of the Package ..............13
Names of Working Parts ......................................14
12
1
s Camera
Characteristics
Before Using Your Camera
• Features a 23.5×15.7 mm CCD with 6.1 million effective pixels for high
precision and a wide dynamic range.
• Features Shake Reduction (SR), a CCD shifting shake reduction
system. This enables you to capture sharp pictures with minimal camera
shake regardless of the lens type.
• The CCD features a special SP coating against dust deposit. The Dust
Removal function also shakes the CCD for removing collected dust.
• Features an AF sensor with 11 focusing points. The central 9 are wide
area cross sensors.
• Features a viewfinder similar to that of a conventional 35 mm camera, with
a 0.85× magnification and 96% field of view, for easier manual focusing.
Also features a superimpose function in which the AF points on the
viewfinder illuminate red.
• Uses CR-V3, AA lithium batteries, rechargeable AA Ni-MH batteries or
AA alkaline batteries.
• Features a large 2.5-inch LCD monitor with 210,000 pixels and a brightness
adjusting function for high-precision/wide-field viewing performance.
• Features a Digital Preview function for checking the image to ensure that
the desired result is achieved.
• Enables quiet and smooth auto focus when combined with a lens
featuring sonic-wave motor.
The captured area (view angle) will differ between the s and 35
mm SLR cameras even if the same lens is used because the format size for 35
mm film and CCD are different.
Sizes for 35 mm film and CCD
35 mm film
: 36×24 mm
s CCD : 23.5×15.7 mm
Angles of view being equal, the focal length of a lens used with a 35 mm camera must
be approximately 1.5 times longer than that of s. To obtain an
angle of view framing the same area, divide the focal length of the 35 mm lens by 1.5.
Example) To capture the same image as a 150 mm lens attached to a 35 mm
camera
150÷1.5=100
Use a 100 mm lens with the s.
Inversely, multiply the focal length of the lens used with s by 1.5
to determine the focal length for 35 mm cameras.
Example) If 300 mm lens is used with s
300×1.5=450
Focal length is equivalent to a 450 mm lens on a 35 mm camera.
Checking the Contents of the Package
13
The following accessories are packaged with your camera.
Check that all accessories are included.
1
Eyecup FO
(Installed on camera)
ME Viewfinder cap
Body mount cover
(Installed on camera)
USB cable
I-USB17
Video cable
I-VC28
Software (CD-ROM)
S-SW55
Strap
O-ST53
AA Alkaline batteries*
(four)
Operating Manual
(this manual)
PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/
PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3
Operating Manual
* The batteries packaged with the camera are for checking the camera's
functionality.
Before Using Your Camera
Hot shoe cover FK
(Installed on camera)
14
Names of Working Parts
Camera
1
Before Using Your Camera
Lens mount index
Shutter release
button
Mirror
Main switch
Card cover
Self-Timer lamp/
Remote control receiver
Lens unlock button
Power pin
AF coupler
Focus
mode lever
Lens information
contacts
e-dial
L/Z
button
Four-way
controller
3 button
i button
4 button
{ button
Battery cover
M button
Q button
Tripod socket
15
Built-in flash
Mode dial
K button
Hot shoe
mc button
Strap lug
Cable switch
terminal
USB/Video terminal
Diopter
adjustment lever
Shake Reduction
switch
DC input terminal
Terminal cover
LCD monitor
Card access
lamp
Viewfinder
1
Before Using Your Camera
LCD panel
16
LCD Monitor Indications
1
The following indicators appear on the
LCD monitor depending on the status of
the camera.
Before Using Your Camera
LCD monitor
While Power is On or Operating Mode Dial
Guides appear on the LCD monitor for 3 seconds when the camera is
powered on or mode dial is turned.
Select Off for [Guide display] in [H Set-up] to not show indicators. (p.105)
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
AF. S
9
Night Scene
07 / 01 / 2007 14 : 25
10
1600
2
3*
4
5*
6*
7*
8*
9
11
10*
11
Flash mode
(Active mode appears) (p.54)
Drive mode (p.108)
AE metering (p.136)
AF mode (p.127)
AF point switching (p.128)
White balance (p.118)
Sensitivity (p.121)
Shake Reduction mode (p.47)
Shooting mode, Scene mode
(p.110)
World time warning display (p.171)
Date and time (p.170)
* Indicators 3, 5, 6 and 7 only appear
when a setting other than the default
setting is selected. 8 only appears
when the Shake Reduction function is
Off. 10 only appears when World
Time is On.
17
Capture Mode
Press the M button in Capture mode to display the capture function
settings on the LCD monitor for 15 seconds.
Detailed Information
1
2
ISO 800
9
12
sRGB
40 mm
40mm
07 / 01 / 2007 14 : 25
1
2
3
4
5*
6*
7
8
9
10
AF mode (p.127)
Mode dial position (p.110)
AE metering (p.136)
Flash mode (p.54)
Drive mode (p.108)
Auto bracket (p.151)
ISO sensitivity (p.121)
Image tone (p.114)
Quality level (p.116)
Recorded pixels (p.115)
20
1
19
AF. S
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19*
20
7
3
10
4
8
11
5
6
13
14
15
16
17
18
Color space (p.123)
White balance (p.118)
Date and time (p.170)
AF point position (p.128)
Saturation (p.117)
Sharpness (p.117)
Contrast (p.117)
Lens focal length
Scene mode (p.50)
Shake Reduction mode (p.47)
* Indicators 5 and 6 do not appear at the same time. Only one appears at a
time. Indicator 19 is only displayed in Scene mode.
Press the four-way controller (p) to view explanation of set Shooting mode.
Explanation of Set Shooting Mode
Detailed Info
Night Scene
Used for night scenes.
Use a tripod, etc. to
prevent shaking
Before Using Your Camera
Detailed Info
Detailed Info
18
Playback Mode
1
Every time you press the M button during playback, the camera
switches screen displays in the following order: [Standard] Display,
[Histogram] Display, [Detailed Information] Display and [No info. Display]
(image only).
Before Using Your Camera
You can change the information initially displayed by pressing the Q button.
(p.167)
Detailed Information
2
100-0001
1
AF. S
1 / 2000 FF2
2 . 8 + 1 . 5EV
ISO 800
sRGB
40 mm
40mm
07 / 01 / 2007 14 : 25
1
2
3
Captured image
Rotate icon (p.69)
Image folder number and file
number (p.176, 177)
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13*
Protect icon (p.83)
AF mode (p.127)
AF point information (p.128)
Shutter speed (p.140)
Aperture value (p.142)
EV compensation (p.147)
Saturation (p.117)
Mode dial position (p.110)
AE metering (p.136)
Flash mode (p.54)
7
8
9
11 12 13 14 15
17
18
20 21
22
24
25
14*
15*
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26*
3
4
26
5
6
10
16
19
23
Drive mode (p.108)
Auto bracket (p.151)
Sharpness (p.117)
ISO sensitivity (p.121)
Image tone (p.114)
Contrast (p.117)
Quality level (p.116)
Recorded pixels (p.115)
Color space (p.123)
Lens focal length
White balance (p.118)
Captured date and time (p.170)
Scene mode (p.50)
* Indicator 13 only appears for images in which the flash was discharged.
Indicators 14 and 15 do not appear at the same time. Only one appears at a
time. Indicator 26 is only displayed in Scene mode.
19
Histogram Display
1
2
100-0046
3
1
1
2
3
4
Capture quality (Image file type)
Image folder number and file number (p.176, p.177)
Protect icon (p.83)
Histogram (p.167)
• Areas where blooming overexposure occurred blink if [Bright Portion]
warning is set to On in [Plybk dsply mthd] in the [Q Playback] menu. (p.167)
• Press the four-way controller (mn) in the histogram display to move the
histogram display position up or down.
Before Using Your Camera
4
20
Viewfinder Indications
2
3
1
Before Using Your Camera
1
1
4
5
14
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6
7
15
8
9
10
11
12
13
16
AF frame (p.39)
Spot metering frame (p.136)
AF point (p.128)
Flash status (p.54)
Appears when flash is available and blinks when flash is recommended but
not set.
Continuous mode (p.127)
Appears when [AF Mode] in the [A Rec. Mode] is set to k (Continuous
mode).
Picture mode icon (p.50)
Icon for Picture mode in use appears.
\ (Moving Object), q (Macro), = (Portrait), U (Normal mode in I),
. (Night Scene Portrait), s (Landscape)
Scene mode icon (p.50)
Appears when taking pictures in Scene mode.
Focus indicator (p.44)
Appears when image is focused.
Shutter speed (p.140)/Confirm Sensitivity
Shutter speed when capturing or adjusting (underlined when shutter speed
can be adjusted with e-dial).
The sensitivity is displayed when [OK btn when shooting] is set to [Confirm
Sensitivity] and the 4 button is pressed. (p.126)
21
10
11
13
14
15
16
• The red indication of the AF point used for autofocus lightens superimposed
when the shutter release button is pressed halfway. (p.128)
• When [OK btn when shooting] is set to [Confirm Sensitivity] in the [A Custom
Setting] menu, press the 4 button to display the sensitivity in the
viewfinder. (p.126)
1
Before Using Your Camera
12
Aperture value (p.142)
Aperture value when capturing or adjusting (underlined when aperture can
be adjusted with e-dial).
EV compensation (p.147)
Appears when EV compensation is available or in use.
Blinks slowly when compensating flash output.
Blinks quickly when compensating exposure and flash output.
Adjusted value appears where number of recordable images is shown.
Number of recordable images/EV compensation
Show the number of recordable images with current quality and recorded
pixel setting.
Show the number of continuous shooting recordable images. (p.106)
EV compensation value appears when EV compensation is being adjusted.
(p.139)
The difference with the appropriate exposure value appears if exposure
mode is a. (p.144)
Shake Reduction display (p.47)
Appears during Shake Reduction.
Manual focus (p.132)
Appears when focus mode is \.
ISO sensitivity warning (p.122)
Appears when warning value is exceeded.
AE lock indicator (p.148)
Appears during AE lock.
22
LCD Panel Indications
The following information appears in the LCD panel on top of the camera.
1
Before Using Your Camera
1
7
2
8
9
3
4
5 610
1
2
3
4
Shutter speed (p.140)
Aperture value (p.142)
Flash mode (p.54)
b
: Built-in flash is ready
(when blinking, flash should
be used or incompatible
lens is being used)
a
: Flash off
E : Auto discharge
> : Red-eye reduction flash on
Drive mode (p.108)
9
: Single frame shooting
j : Continuous shooting
g
: Self-Timer shooting
h
: Remote control shooting
5
6
AF point information (p.128)
No indicator: Auto
V
: Select
M
: Center
AE metering (p.136)
No indicator: Multi-segment
metering
: Center-weighted
metering
N
: Spot metering
Auto bracketing (p.151)
White balance (p.118)
(Not displayed when set to Auto)
Battery level
EV compensation (p.147)
Number of recordable images/
EV compensation value/PC (Pb)
(PC=Personal Computer (mass
storage), Pb=PictBridge)
M
7
8
9
10
11
11
2
Getting Started
This chapter explains your first steps from purchasing the
camera to taking pictures. Be sure to read it and follow the
instructions.
Attaching the Strap ..............................................24
Inserting the Batteries .........................................25
Inserting/Removing the SD Memory Card .........29
Turning the Camera On and Off ..........................32
Initial Settings .......................................................33
Attaching the Lens ...............................................37
Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter ........................39
Attaching the Strap
24
1
2
Pass the end of the strap
through the strap lug, then
secure on the inside of the
clasp.
Getting Started
2
Pass the other end of the strap
through the other strap lug on the
camera, then secure on the inside
of the clasp.
Inserting the Batteries
25
Insert batteries into the camera. Use two CR-V3 or four AA Ni-MH
batteries, AA lithium batteries, or AA alkaline batteries.
This camera is packaged with AA alkaline batteries for checking the camera’s
functionality but some other kinds of batteries are also compatible. Refer to
“Batteries” (p.26) for details on compatible batteries and when to use them.
1
Push and hold the battery
cover unlock lever as shown in
the illustration (1), and slide
the battery cover toward the
lens (2), and then flip open.
1
2
2
Insert the batteries according
to the +/– indicators in the
battery chamber.
Getting Started
• CR-V3, AA lithium batteries and AA alkaline batteries that can be used in this
camera are not rechargeable.
• Do not open the battery cover or remove the batteries while the power is on.
• Remove the batteries when you will not use the camera for a long while. The
batteries may leak.
• If the date and time settings have been reset when you insert new batteries
after a long while, follow the procedure for “Setting the Date and Time”. (p.35)
• Insert batteries correctly. Batteries inserted incorrectly may cause a camera
breakdown. Wipe the electrodes of the batteries before inserting.
• Replace all the batteries at the same time. Do not mix battery type, brands or
an old battery with a new one.
2
26
3
Press down on the batteries
with the battery cover (1) and
slide it as shown in the
illustration (2) to close.
1
2
2
Getting Started
• Use the AC adapter (optional) when using the camera for a prolonged period.
(p.28)
• Check the battery orientation if the camera does not operate properly after
replacing the batteries.
Be sure to fully close the battery cover. The camera will not turn on if the battery
cover is open.
Batteries
You can use four kinds of batteries with your camera. Battery performance
differs by type. Please choose the type that best suits your purpose.
CR-V3*
The CR-V3 is a long-life battery and is convenient when
traveling.
AA Ni-MH
rechargeable
batteries
These are rechargeable and are economical.
A commercially available battery charger that is
compatible with the batteries is required.
AA lithium batteries
Recommended in cold climates.
Provided with the camera. These are easily obtainable
when your usual batteries run out but they may not support
AA alkaline batteries all the camera functions under certain conditions. We do
not recommend their use except in emergencies and
checking the camera's functionality.
* CR-V3 batteries have rechargeable and non-rechargeable types. This camera
uses only non-rechargeable CR-V3 batteries.
Nickel manganese batteries and rechargeable CR-V3 batteries may cause
malfunctions due to their voltage characteristics. Therefore, use is not
recommended.
27
Battery Level Indicator
You can confirm remaining battery level by checking the { displayed on
the LCD panel.
{
lit
: Battery is full.
lit
: Battery is running low.
lit
: Battery is almost empty.
blink
: The camera turns off after displaying a message.
¶
}
¶
2
¶
?
Approximate Image Storage Capacity and
Playback Time (new batteries)
Batteries
CR-V3
AA lithium
batteries
AA rechargeable
batteries
(NiMH 2500mAh)
AA Alkaline
Batteries
(23°C)
( 0°C)
(23°C)
( 0°C)
(23°C)
Normal
recording
730
300
660
520
430
( 0°C)
350
(Temperature)
Flash photography
50% use 100% use
630
480
210
180
570
450
360
310
300
260
250
200
Playback
time
700 minutes
470 minutes
470 minutes
400 minutes
350 minutes
300 minutes
(23°C)
80
60
40
140 minutes
Not
Not
Not
( 0°C)
70 minutes
applicable applicable applicable
The picture storage capacity (normal recording and flash use 50%) is based on
measuring conditions in accordance with CIPA standards and the others are based
on PENTAX measuring conditions. Some deviation from the above figures may
occur in actual use depending on shooting mode and shooting conditions.
• Battery performance temporarily decreases as the temperature decreases.
When using the camera in cold climates, have extra batteries on hand and
keep them warm in your pocket. Battery performance will return to normal
when returned to room temperature.
• AA alkaline batteries may not support all the camera functions. We do not
recommend their use except in emergencies and checking the camera's
functionality.
• Have extra batteries ready when traveling overseas, taking pictures in cold
climates, or when you will be taking a lot of pictures.
Getting Started
?
28
Using the AC Adapter (Optional)
4
1
2
2
Getting Started
3
We recommend using the AC adapter D-AC76 (optional) when using the
LCD monitor for a long time or when connecting to your PC.
1
2
Make sure the camera is turned off before opening the
terminal cover.
Connect the DC terminal on the AC adapter to the DC input
terminal on the camera.
3
Connect the AC plug cord to the AC adapter.
4
Plug the AC cord into the power outlet.
• Make sure the camera is turned off before connecting or disconnecting the
AC adapter.
• Make sure connections are secure between the camera, AC adapter, AC
plug cord terminal and the power outlet. SD Memory Card and data will be
corrupted if disconnected while camera is recording or reading data.
• Be sure to read the AC adapter D-AC76 Operating Manual when using the
AC adapter.
• The rechargeable batteries in your camera will not charge when connected
to the AC adapter.
Inserting/Removing the SD Memory
Card
29
Captured images are recorded on the SD Memory Card. Make sure the
camera is turned off before inserting or removing the SD Memory Card
(market product).
• Do not remove the SD Memory Card while card access lamp is lit.
• Format new SD Memory Card. Also format SD Memory Card used with other
cameras. Refer to “Formatting the SD Memory Card” (p.169) for details on
formatting.
Slide the card cover in the
direction of the arrow (1) and
then lift open (2).
1
2
2
Insert the card all the way with
the SD Memory Card label
toward the LCD monitor.
Push the SD Memory Card in once to
remove.
3
Close the card cover (1) and
then slide it in the direction of
the arrow (2).
2
1
Be sure to fully close the card cover. The
camera will not turn on if the card cover
is open.
Getting Started
1
2
30
Precautions When Using the SD Memory Card
2
Getting Started
• The SD Memory Card is equipped with a
write-protect switch. Setting the switch to
LOCK protects the existing data by
Write-protect
prohibiting recording of new data, deletion
switch
of existing data or formatting of the card.
• Care should be taken when removing the SD Memory Card immediately after
using the camera because the card may be hot.
• Do not remove the SD Memory Card or turn the camera off while data is being
saved to the card, images are being played back, or the camera is connected
to a computer with the USB cable. This may cause the data to be lost or the
card to be damaged.
• Do not bend the SD Memory Card or subject it to violent impact. Keep it away
from water and store away from high temperatures.
• Do not remove the SD Memory Card during formatting. The card may be
damaged beyond use.
• Data on the SD Memory Card may be deleted in the following circumstances.
PENTAX does not accept any liability for data that is deleted if
(1) the SD Memory Card is mishandled by the user.
(2) the SD Memory Card is exposed to static electricity or electrical
interference.
(3) the card has not been used for a long time.
(4) the card is ejected or the battery is removed while the data on the card is
being recorded or accessed.
• If the SD Memory Card is not used for a long time, the data on the card may
become unreadable. Be sure to regularly make a backup of important data on
a computer.
• Avoid using or storing the card where it may be exposed to static electricity or
electrical interference.
• Avoid using or storing the card in direct sunlight or where it may be exposed to
rapid changes in temperature or to condensation.
• For information on compatible SD Memory Card, visit the PENTAX website or
contact your nearest PENTAX customer service center.
• Format new SD Memory Cards. Also format SD Memory Card used with other
cameras. 1Formatting the SD Memory Card (p.169)
• If you are going to discard, give away or sell your SD Memory Card you should
ensure that the data on the card is completely deleted or the card itself is
destroyed if it contains any personal or sensitive information. Please note that
formatting the SD card will not necessarily delete the data so that it cannot be
recovered using off the shelf data recovery software. There are off the shelf
secure data deletion software programs available that will completely delete
the data. In any case the data on your SD Memory Card should be managed
at your own risk.
31
Recorded Pixels and Quality Level
Choose the appropriate number of recorded pixels and quality level for
images on the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
1 Setting the Recorded Pixels (p.115)
1 Setting the Quality Level (p.116)
Recorded Pixels, Quality Level and Approximate Image Storage
Capacity
Quality Level
Recorded Pixels
(3008×2008)
(3008×2000)
Q(2400×1600)
R(1536×1024)
P
C
D
E
Best
Better
Good
1 GB 512 MB 1 GB 512 MB 1 GB 512 MB 1 GB 512 MB
90
46
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
330
167
607
311
966
498
—
—
459
234
807
415
1399
674
—
—
880
453
1397
722
2151 1115
|
• The above figures may vary depending on the subject, shooting conditions,
shooting mode and SD Memory Card, etc.
2
Getting Started
Choose the number of pixels (size) and quality level (data compression
rate) of pictures according to how you intend to use the pictures you have
taken.
Pictures with larger recorded pixels or more Es are clearer when printed.
The number of pictures that can be taken (the number of pictures that can
be recorded on an SD Memory Card) becomes less with larger file sizes.
The quality of the captured photo or printed picture depends on the quality
level, exposure control, resolution of the printer and a variety of other
factors so you do not need to select more than the required number of
pixels. For example, to print in postcard size, R (1536×1024) is
adequate. Set the appropriate recorded size and quality level depending
on purpose.
Turning the Camera On and Off
32
1
2
Move the main switch to [ON]
position.
Getting Started
The camera will turn on.
Move the main switch to [OFF] position
to turn off the camera.
• Always turn the camera off when not in use.
• The power will automatically turn off when you do not perform any operations
within a set period of time. After the camera turns off automatically, turn it on
again or perform any of the following.
• Press the shutter release button halfway.
• Press the Q button.
• Press the M button.
• By default, the camera is set to power off automatically after 1 minute of
inactivity. You can change the setting with [Auto Power Off] on the [H Setup] menu. (p.176)
Initial Settings
33
The first time the camera is turned on after purchasing, the Initial Settings
screen appears on the LCD monitor. Follow the procedure below to set the
language displayed on the LCD monitor and the current date and time.
Once setting is done, these will not need to be set again when turning your
camera on.
You can choose the language in which the menus, error messages, etc.
are displayed from the following: English, French, German, Spanish,
Italian, Swedish, Dutch, Russian, Korean, Chinese (traditional/simplified)
and Japanese.
1
Press the four-way controller
(p).
Initial Settings
English
New York
DST
Cancel
2
Use the four-way controller
(mnop) to select the
desired language.
The default setting is English.
English
Français
Deutsch
Español
Italiano
Svenska
Cancel
3
Press the 4 button.
OK
OK
Nederlands
OK
OK
Getting Started
Setting the Display Language
2
34
4
Press the four-way controller (n).
The cursor moves to [W].
2
5
Press the four-way controller (op) to select the city.
6
Press the four-way controller (n).
The cursor moves to DST (daylight saving time).
Getting Started
7
8
Use the four-way controller (op) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
Press the 4 button.
The screen for setting the date and time will be displayed.
When an Incorrect Language is Set
Follow the procedure below to display the screen for setting the language, and
go to Step 2 on p.33 to set the language again.
1
2
3
4
5
Turn the camera off and turn it on again.
Press the 3 button.
Press the four-way controller (p) twice.
Press the four-way controller (n) five times.
Press the four-way controller (p) once.
The screen for setting the language will be displayed.
35
Setting the Date and Time
Set the current date and time and the display style.
1
Press the four-way controller
(p).
Date Adjust
Date Style
mm/dd/yy24h
The frame moves to [mm/dd/yy].
00 : 00
Time
Cancel
2
3
Press the four-way controller
(p).
Date Adjust
Date Style
mm/dd/yy24h
01 / 01 / 2006
Date
00 : 00
Time
Cancel
5
OK
OK
Use the four-way controller (mn) to select 24h (24-hour
display) or 12h (12-hour display).
Press the four-way controller (p).
The frame returns to [Date Style].
6
OK
Use the four-way controller (mn) to choose the date
style.
The frame moves to [24h].
4
OK
Press the four-way controller (n).
The frame moves to [Date].
Getting Started
01 / 01 / 2006
Date
2
36
7
Press the four-way controller
(p).
Date Adjust
Date Style
mm/dd/yy24h
The frame moves to the month.
01 / 01 / 2006
Date
00 : 00
Time
Cancel
OK
OK
2
Getting Started
8
Use the four-way controller (mn) to set the month.
Set the day and year in the same manner.
Next, set the time.
If you select [12h] in Step 4, the setting switches between am and pm
depending on the time.
9
Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take pictures. If you set the date and time with
the menu operations, the screen will return to the [H Set-up] menu.
Press the 4 button again.
You can cancel the setting operation and switch to Capture mode during initial
settings by pressing the 3 button. In this case, the Initial Settings screen
will appear again the next time you turn the camera on.
• When you finish the settings and press the 4 button, the camera clock is
reset to 00 seconds. To set the exact time, press the 4 button when the
time signal (on the TV, radio, etc.) reaches 00 seconds.
• You can change the language and date and time settings with the menu
operations. (p.170, p.174)
Attaching the Lens
Turn the camera off before attaching or removing the lens to prevent
unexpected lens movement.
1
2
Check that the camera is off.
Remove the body mount cover
(1) and lens mount cover (2).
Be sure to put the lens down with the
lens mount side facing upward to
protect from damage to the area
around the lens mount after removal.
3
Align the red dots on the
camera and the lens, and
secure by turning the lens
clockwise until it clicks.
After attaching, check that the lens is
secured. Also check that the red dots of
the lens are on top and attachment
portion does not move sideways.
2
Getting Started
All camera exposure modes are available when using DA, D FA, FA J or
other lenses with Aperture s (Auto) position. Some functions are
restricted when lenses are not set to Aperture s (Auto). Also see “Notes
on [Using Aperture Ring]” (p.188). Other lenses and accessories will not
be available with factory default settings. To allow shutter release with
lenses or accessories not listed above, set [Using aperture ring] in custom
function settings. (p.107)
37
38
4
Remove the front lens cap by
pushing the indicated portions
inward.
2
Getting Started
To detach the lens, hold down the lens
unlock button (3) and turn the lens
counterclockwise.
3
• The body mount cover (1) is a cover to prevent scratches and block dust
when shipped. Body Mount Cap K is sold separately and has a lock function.
• We assume no responsibility nor liability for accidents, damages and
malfunctions resulting from the use of lenses made by other manufacturers.
• The camera body and lens mount incorporate lens information contacts and
an AF coupler. Dirt, dust, or corrosion may damage the electrical system.
Clean the contacts with a soft dry cloth.
Adjusting the Viewfinder Diopter
39
Adjust the viewfinder to suit your eyesight.
If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image clearly, slide the diopter
adjustment lever sideways.
You can slide the diopter from –2.5m-1 to +1.5m-1.
2
Look through the viewfinder
and point the camera at a welllit scene. Slide the diopter
adjustment lever left or right.
Getting Started
1
Adjust the lever until the AF frame in
the viewfinder is focused.
AF frame
• The Fo Eyecup is attached to the
viewfinder portion when camera leaves
the factory. Diopter adjustment is
available with the Fo Eyecup attached.
However, adjustment is easier with the
eyecup removed. To remove the Fo
Eyecup, press in one side and pull it out
toward you.
To attach the Fo Eyecup, align it with the
groove on the viewfinder eyepiece and
push it into position.
• If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image clearly even if you set the diopter
adjustment lever, use the diopter correction lens adapter M. However, the
eyecup must be removed to use this adapter. (p.193)
40
Memo
3
Basic Operations
This chapter explains basic operations for shooting by
setting mode dial to Picture mode (Auto Picture or Portrait
mode - Flash OFF mode) and Scene mode to ensure
successful capturing.
For information about advanced functions and settings for
taking pictures, refer to chapter 4 and onward.
Basic Shooting Operation ...................................42
Taking Pictures Using the Shake Reduction
Function ................................................................47
Selecting the Appropriate Capturing Mode for
Scenes ...................................................................50
Using a Zoom Lens ..............................................53
Using the Built-in Flash .......................................54
Other Shooting Modes .........................................58
Playing Back Still Pictures ..................................68
Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment .........75
Processing Images with Filters ...........................76
Deleting Images ....................................................79
Setting the Printing Service (DPOF) ...................85
Printing Using PictBridge ....................................88
42
Basic Shooting Operation
Holding the Camera
How you hold the camera is important when taking pictures.
• Hold the camera firmly with both hands.
• Press the shutter release button gently when taking a picture.
3
Basic Operations
Horizontal position
Vertical position
• To reduce camera shake, support your body or the camera on a solid object
such as a table, tree, or wall.
• Although there are individual differences among photographers, the shutter
speed for a handheld camera is generally 1/(focal length ×1.5). For example,
it is 1/75 of a second for a focal length of 50 mm and 1/150 of a second for
100 mm. Use a tripod or the Shake Reduction function (p.47) when using a
lower shutter speed.
• When using a telephoto lens, a tripod that is heavier than the total weight of
the camera and lens is recommended to avoid camera shake.
• Do not use the Shake Reduction function when using the camera on a tripod.
43
Letting the Camera Choose the Optimal
Settings
How to set the camera so it will choose the optimum settings based on the
subject lighting, distance and motion.
1
Set the mode dial to I.
2
Set the focus mode lever to
=.
Autofocus mode is set. (p.124)
3
Basic Operations
The camera will select the optimal
capturing mode for the subject.
1 Selecting the Appropriate Capturing
Mode for Scenes (p.50)
44
3
Look through the viewfinder to
view the subject.
A zoom lens can be used to change the
size of the subject in the viewfinder.
1 Using a Zoom Lens (p.53)
4
3
Position the subject inside the
AF frame and press the shutter
release button halfway.
Basic Operations
The autofocus system operates. The
focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when the subject is in
focus.
The flash pops up automatically when
necessary (manually lift the flash
when Flash mode is not set to [Auto]).
1 Operating the shutter release
button (p.45)
1 Subjects that are Difficult to Focus
on (p.46)
1 Using the Built-in Flash (p.54)
1 Selecting the Focusing Area (AF
Point) (p.128)
Focus indicator
You can preview the image in the LCD monitor and check the composition,
exposure, and focus before taking the picture. (p.152)
5
Press the shutter release
button fully.
The picture is taken.
6
45
Review captured images on the
LCD monitor.
3
Delete
Operating the shutter release button
The shutter release button has two positions.
Not pressed
Pressed halfway Pressed fully
(first position) (second position)
Pressing it down halfway (first position) turns on the viewfinder and
LCD panel indicators and the autofocus system operates. Pressing it
fully (second position) takes the picture.
• Press the shutter release button gently when taking a picture to prevent
camera shake.
• Practice pressing the shutter release button halfway to learn where the
first position is.
• The viewfinder indicators stay on while shutter release button is
pressed. The indications stay on for about 10 seconds (default setting)
after the button is released. (p.20)
Basic Operations
Image displays for 1 second on the
LCD monitor after capturing (Instant
Review).
You can delete the image during
Instant Review by pressing the i
button.
1 Setting the Display Time of the
Instant Review (p.177)
1 Deleting Images (p.79)
1 Displaying Bright Portion (p.178)
1 Histogram Display (p.178)
46
Subjects that are Difficult to Focus on
The autofocus mechanism is not perfect. Focusing may be difficult when
taking pictures under the following conditions ((a) to (f) below). These also
apply to manual focusing using the focus indicator ] in the viewfinder.
If the subject cannot be focused automatically, set the focus mode lever to
\ and use the manual focus mode to focus on the subject with the aid
of the matte field in the viewfinder. (p.133)
3
Basic Operations
(a) Extremely low-contrast subjects such as a white wall in the
focusing area.
(b) Subjects which do not reflect much light within the focusing area.
(c) Fast moving objects.
(d) Strongly reflected light or strong backlighting (bright background).
(e) If vertical or horizontal line patterns appear within the focusing
area.
(f) Multiple subjects in the foreground and background within the
focusing area.
Subject may not be focused even when ] (focus indicator) is displayed when
(f) above applies.
Taking Pictures Using the Shake
Reduction Function
47
You can easily take sharp pictures using the Shake Reduction function by
simply turning on the Shake Reduction switch.
Shake Reduction
Blurred picture
Picture taken with
the Shake Reduction function
• The Shake Reduction function does not compensate for blurring caused by movement
of the subject. To take pictures of a moving subject, increase the shutter speed.
• The Shake Reduction function may not fully reduce camera shake when
taking close-up shots. In this case, it is recommended that the Shake
Reduction function be turned off and the camera be used with a tripod.
• The Shake Reduction function will not fully work when shooting with a
slower shutter speed, for example when shooting a moving subject or
night scenes. In this case, it is recommended that the Shake Reduction
function be turned off and the camera be used with a tripod.
Shake Reduction Function and Lens Focal Length
The Shake Reduction function operates by acquiring the lens information
such as focal length.
If the camera uses a DA, D FA, FA J, FA or F lens, the lens information is
automatically acquired when the Shake Reduction function is activated.
[Focal Length] cannot be set from [Shake Reduction] menu in the [A Rec.
Mode] (The menu items cannot be selected).
If another type of lens is used, the lens information cannot be automatically
acquired even when the Shake Reduction function is activated. In this case,
the [Shake Reduction] menu appears. Set [Focal Length] manually on the
[Shake Reduction] menu. 1 Setting the Shake Reduction Function (p.49)
3
Basic Operations
The Shake Reduction function reduces camera shake that easily
occurs when the shutter release button is pressed. This is useful for
taking pictures in situations where camera shake is likely to occur.
The Shake Reduction function gives you approximately 2 to 3.5 steps
slower shutter speed without the risk of the camera shake.
The Shake Reduction function is ideal when taking pictures in the
following situations.
• When taking pictures in dimly lit locations, such as indoors, at night,
on cloudy days and in the shade
• When taking telephoto pictures
48
Turning On the Shake Reduction Function
1
Turn on the Shake Reduction
switch.
When the shutter release button is
pressed halfway, k appears in the
viewfinder and the Shake Reduction
function turns on.
3
Basic Operations
• If a type of lens that does not support automatic acquisition of lens
information such as focal length is used (p.47), the [Shake Reduction] menu
appears. Set [Focal Length] manually on the [Shake Reduction] menu.
1 Setting the Shake Reduction Function (p.49)
• Turn the Shake Reduction switch off if you will not use the Shake Reduction
function.
• The Shake Reduction function will not fully work (for about 2 seconds) right
after turning on the camera or restoring from Auto Power Off. Wait for the
Shake Reduction function to become stable before gently pressing the
shutter release button to take a picture. Press the shutter release button
halfway. The camera is ready to take pictures when k appears in the
viewfinder.
• Be sure to turn off the Shake Reduction switch when using the camera with
a tripod.
• The Shake Reduction function automatically turns off in the following
situations.
When using self-timer, 2 sec. self-timer, remote control shooting, 3 sec. delay
shooting, bulb shooting, or wireless mode with an external flash
49
Setting the Shake Reduction Function
The [Shake Reduction] menu appears when the camera is turned on with the
Shake Reduction switch on and a type of lens that does not support automatic
acquisition of lens information such as focal length (p.47) is mounted.
Use the [Shake Reduction] menu to set the [Focal Length].
1
Use the four-way controller
(op) to set [Focal Length].
Select from the following 34 focal length
values. (The default setting is 35.)
8
40
135
550
10
43
150
600
12
50
180
700
15 18 20 24 28 30 35
55 65 70 77 85 100 120
200 250 300 350 400 450 500
800
Shake Reduction
Focal Length
100
120
Cancel
135
OK
OK
• If the focal length for your lens is not listed above, select the value closest to
the actual focal length.
• When using a zoom lens, select the actual focal length at the zoom setting in
the same manner.
• Effect of Shake Reduction is influenced by the shooting distance as well as
focal length information. The Shake Reduction function may not perform as
expected when shooting at close ranges.
2
Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
To change the [Focal Length] setting, use [Shake Reduction] on the [A Rec.
Mode] menu. (p.104)
3
Basic Operations
• [Focal Length] cannot be set manually on the [Shake Reduction] menu when
using a lens that supports automatic acquisition of lens information such as
focal length because [Focal Length] is set automatically.
• Set [FI with S lens used] on the [A Custom Setting] menu to [Available] to
enable the focus indicator when using a screw mount lens. If this is set to
[Unavailable], the camera assumes there is no lens attached, and the Shake
Reduction function cannot be used.
• When using a lens without the s position on the aperture or with the aperture
set to a position other than the s position, set [Using aperture ring] on the [A
Custom Setting] menu to [Permitted].
50
Selecting the Appropriate Capturing
Mode for Scenes
The camera selects and sets the optimum mode when I (Auto Picture)
on the mode dial is set to the dial indicator.
3
Basic Operations
Dial indicator
Select = (Portrait), s (Landscape), q (Macro), \ (Moving Object),
. (Night Scene Portrait), a (Flash OFF), H (Scene) with the mode dial
if desired image is not captured in Auto Picture mode.
The modes are as follows.
Selects automatically from Portrait, Landscape,
Macro, and Moving Object modes.
I (Auto Picture)
Lets you take pictures with standard settings (Normal
mode) when there is no optimal shooting mode.
Optimal for capturing portraits.
= (Portrait)
Deepens the focus range, emphasizes contour and
s (Landscape)
saturation of trees and the sky, and produces a bright image.
Lets you take vibrant pictures of flowers and other
q (Macro)
small subjects at short distances.
Lets you take sharp pictures of a quickly moving
\ (Moving Object)
subject, such as at a sporting event.
. (Night Scene Portrait) Lets you capture people against a night view or dusk.
The built-in flash is deactivated. Other settings are the
a (Flash OFF)
same as the Normal mode in I.
Lets you select from 8 shooting scenes depending on
H (Scene)
the shooting conditions.
For . (Night Scene Portrait), the shutter speed becomes slower in dark
places, even if the built-in flash is used. To prevent camera shake, either use
the Shake Reduction function or mount the camera on a tripod.
51
Selecting the Shooting Scene
By setting the H (Scene) icon to the dial indicator, you can choose from
the following 8 shooting scenes.
A (Night Scene)
i (Surf & Snow)
C (Kids)
E (Pet)
D (Candlelight)
E (Museum)
The flash is deactivated in A (Night Scene), K (Sunset), D (Candlelight)
and E (Museum) modes. To prevent camera shake, either use the Shake
Reduction function or mount the camera on a tripod.
How to Select a Shooting Scene
1
Set the mode dial to H (Scene).
2
Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears. The icon for the
currently selected shooting scene
appears in the Fn menu screen in
H (Scene) mode.
Fn
OK
AUTO
Fn
Exit
3
Basic Operations
B (Text)
K (Sunset)
Used for night scenes. Use a tripod, etc. to prevent
shaking.
For capturing images of dazzling backgrounds, such as
snowy mountains.
Lets you take clear pictures of text or writing.
For capturing the sunrise or sunset in beautiful colors.
For capturing moving kids.
Reproduces healthy and bright skin tone.
For capturing moving pets.
For capturing scenes in candlelight.
For capturing images in places where a flash is
prohibited.
52
3
Press the 4 button.
Night Scene
The mode palette appears.
Used for night scenes.
Use a tripod, etc. to
prevent shaking.
4
3
Basic Operations
Use the four-way controller
(mnop) to choose a Scene
mode.
If Pet mode is selected, you can turn
the e-dial to choose a dog or a cat
icon.The function is the same,
regardless of which icon you choose.
5
Press the 4 button.
The screen returns to the Fn menu.
6
Press the { button.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
OK
OK
OK
OK
Pet
For capturing moving
pets
Using a Zoom Lens
53
Enlarges the subject (telephoto) or captures a wider area (wide angle) with
a zoom lens. Adjust it to the desired size and take the picture.
1
Turn the zoom ring to the right
or left.
Turn the zoom ring clockwise for
telephoto and counterclockwise for
wide angle.
3
Wide Angle
Telephoto
Basic Operations
• The smaller the number of the displayed focal length, the wider the angle.
The larger the number, the more magnified the image appears.
• Power Zoom functions (Image Size Tracking, Zoom Clip, and Auto Zoom
Effect) are not compatible with this camera.
Using the Built-in Flash
54
Use the following procedures to take a picture in low light or backlit
conditions or when you want to manually use the built-in flash.
The built-in flash is optimum at about 0.7 m to 4 m from the subject.
Exposure will not be properly controlled and vignetting may occur when
used at a distance closer than 0.7 m (this distance varies slightly
depending on the lens being used and set sensitivity (p.156)).
Compatibility of built-in flash and lens
Vignetting (darkening of the corners of the image due to a lack of light) may
occur depending on the lens being used and the capture conditions. We
recommend taking a test shot to confirm this.
1 DA, D FA , FA J, FA and F Lens Compatibility with the Built-in Flash (p.158)
3
Basic Operations
• When using the built-in flash, remove the lens hood before shooting.
• The built-in flash fully discharges for lenses without a function to set
aperture lens ring to s (Auto).
g
Auto discharge
Camera automatically determines surrounding light and
built-in flash pops up. The flash pops up and discharges
automatically when necessary, such as when using a
shutter speed likely to cause camera shake or in backlit
conditions. (The flash may pop up but may not discharge
if the camera determines that the flash is not necessary.)
h
Manual discharge
Discharges flash manually. Flash discharges when
popped up, does not discharge when retracted.
i
Auto flash+Redeye Lights a red-eye reduction light before automatic flash.
reduct
j
Manl flash+Redeye Discharges flash manually. Lights a red-eye reduction
reduct
light before manual flash.
Manual discharge mode (Flash ON) is used regardless of flash mode settings
if the K button is pressed to pop up the flash manually.
Selecting Flash Mode
1
Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
AUTO
Fn
Exit
2
55
Press the four-way controller
(n).
The Flash options screen appears.
Flash Mode
Auto discharge
When the mode dial is set to e, b, c,
a or p, g and i appear gray and
cannot be selected.
OK
OK
3
Use the four-way controller (op) to choose a flash mode.
4
Press the 4 button.
3
5
Press the { button.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
Using Auto Discharge g, i (Automatic Flash Popup)
1
Set the mode dial to H, I, =, q, or ..
The flash is deactivated when A (Night Scene), K (Sunset),
D (Candlelight) or E (Museum) is selected in H (Scene) mode.
2
Press the shutter release
button halfway.
The built-in flash pops up if necessary
and begins charging. When the flash is
fully charged, b appears in the LCD
panel and viewfinder. (p.17, p.20, p.22)
Switch between Auto discharge mode and Manual discharge mode (Flash ON)
by pressing the K button while the built-in flash is popped up. If Auto
discharge is set, E appears on the LCD panel.
Basic Operations
The camera returns to the Fn menu screen.
56
3
Press the shutter release button fully.
The picture is taken.
4
Push down on the portion
indicated in the illustration to
retract the flash.
3
Basic Operations
Using Manual Discharge (Flash ON) h, j
1
Press the K button.
The built-in flash pops up and begins
charging. Manual discharge mode
(Flash ON) is used regardless of flash
mode settings. When the flash is fully
charged, h appears in the LCD panel
and viewfinder. (p.17, p.20, p.22)
When Flash mode is set to g or i and
you pop up the built-in flash, you can
switch between Auto discharge mode
and Manual discharge mode (Flash ON)
by pressing the K button under the
following conditions.
• Shooting mode is set to I, =, s,
q, \, or ..
• H mode is set to i, B, C, or E.
2
Press the shutter release button fully.
The flash discharges and the picture is taken.
3
Push the flash down to retract.
57
Using Red-eye Reduction Flash
Daylight-Sync Shooting
In daylight conditions, the flash will eliminate shadows when a portrait
picture is taken with a person’s face cast in shadow. Use of the flash in this
way is called Daylight-Sync Shooting. Flash is discharged manually when
shooting with Daylight-Sync Shooting.
Taking pictures (Auto Picture)
1 Confirm that the flash has popped up and the flash mode is set to h
(Manual discharge). (p.56)
2 Confirm that the flash is fully charged.
3 Take the picture.
The picture may be overexposed if the background is too bright.
Without Daylight-Sync
With Daylight-Sync
3
Basic Operations
“Red-eye” is the phenomenon where eyes look reddish in photographs
taken in dark environments with a flash. This is caused by the reflection of
the electronic flash in the retina of the eye. Red-eye occurs because pupils
are dilated in dark environments.
This phenomenon cannot be averted but the following measures can be
used to combat it.
• Brighten the surroundings when shooting.
• Set to wide angle and shoot from closer if a zoom lens is in use.
• Use a flash that supports red-eye reduction.
• Position the flash as far away from the camera as possible when using
an external flash.
The red-eye reduction function on this camera reduces red-eye by
discharging the flash twice. With the red-eye reduction function, the
pre-flash is discharged just before the shutter is released. This reduces
pupil dilation. The main flash is then discharged while the pupils are
smaller, reducing the red-eye effect. To use the red-eye reduction
function, set i (Red-eye reduction auto flash) in Picture mode or j
(Red-eye reduction manual flash) in other modes for Flash mode.
Other Shooting Modes
58
Continuous Shooting
Pictures can be taken continuously while the shutter release button is held
down.
3
Basic Operations
1
Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
AUTO
Fn
Exit
2
59
Press the four-way controller
(m).
The Drive Mode options screen
appears.
3
OK
3
OK
Use the four-way controller
(op) to select j.
Drive Mode
Continuous shooting
OK
4
OK
Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the Fn menu
screen.
5
Press the { button.
The camera is ready to take pictures.
6
Press the shutter release button halfway.
The autofocus system operates. The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when the subject is in focus.
Basic Operations
Drive Mode
Single frame shooting
60
Set [No. cnt shtng rcd im] in [Recordable Image No.] of the [A Custom Setting]
menu. The number of continuously recordable images (buffer space) appears
when shutter is pressed halfway. (p.106)
7
Press the shutter release button fully.
Pictures are taken continuously while the shutter release button is fully
pressed. Take your finger off the shutter release button to stop.
Continuous shooting settings are retained when the power is turned off.
Display the Fn menu again and set to 9 (Single frame shooting) to stop
Continuous shooting.
3
Basic Operations
• The focus is adjusted each time the shutter is released if the [AF Mode] in the
[A Rec. Mode] is set to l (Single mode). (p.127)
• Focusing is continuously active when the mode dial is set to e, b, c or a
and [AF Mode] in the [A Rec. Mode] is set to k (Continuous mode), when
Picture mode is set to \ (Moving Object) or H mode is set to C (Kids) or
E (Pet). Note that the shutter will release even if the focusing is not complete.
• The shutter cannot be released until charging is complete when using the
built-in flash. Use a custom function to enable shutter release before the builtin flash is ready. (p.155)
Self-Timer Shooting
This camera has two types of self-timers: g and Z.
1
g
Shutter will be released after about 12 seconds. Use this mode to
include the photographer in the picture.
Z
A mirror pops up immediately after shutter release button is pressed.
Shutter is released after about 2 seconds. Use this mode to avoid
camera shake when the shutter release button is pressed.
Mount the camera onto a
tripod.
2
61
Press the { button.
3
Basic Operations
The Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
AUTO
Fn
3
Exit
Press the four-way controller
(m).
The Drive Mode options screen
appears.
Drive Mode
Single frame shooting
OK
OK
62
4
Use the four-way controller
(op) to select g or Z.
Drive Mode
Self-Timer (12 secs)
OK
3
5
Press the 4 button.
Basic Operations
The camera returns to the Fn menu
screen.
6
Press the { button.
The camera is ready to take pictures.
7
Confirm in the viewfinder that
the subject you wish to shoot is
in the display and press the
shutter release button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears when
the subject is in focus.
OK
8
63
Press the shutter release
button fully.
• The beep can be turned off (p.170).
• Exposure may be affected if light enters the viewfinder. Attach the provided
ME viewfinder cap or use the AE lock function (p.148). (Ignore the light
entering the viewfinder when the exposure mode is set to a (Manual)
(p.144).)
• To attach accessories such as the ME Viewfinder Cap, first remove the FO
Eyecup by pressing in one side and then pulling it out toward you.
Removing the Eyecup FO
9
Attaching the ME Viewfinder cap
Turn the camera off after
shooting.
The next time the power is turned on,
self-timer shooting is canceled and
returns to single frame shooting.
3
Basic Operations
For g, the self-timer lamp starts
blinking slowly and blinks rapidly 2
seconds before the shutter is released.
The beep is heard and the rate
increases. The shutter will be released
about 12 seconds after the shutter
release button is pressed fully.
For Z, the shutter will be released about 2 seconds after the shutter
release button is pressed fully.
64
Remote Control Shooting
(Remote Control F: Sold Separately)
The shutter can be released with the optional remote control unit. You can
select from h (remote control) and i (3 sec. delayed release) for remote
control shooting.
3
Basic Operations
1
2
h
The shutter will be released immediately after the shutter release button
on the remote control unit is pressed.
i
When the shutter release button on the remote control unit is pressed, the
shutter is released after about 3 seconds.
Mount the camera onto a
tripod.
Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
AUTO
Fn
Exit
3
65
Press the four-way controller
(m).
The Drive Mode options screen
appears.
4
Use the four-way controller
(op) to select h or i.
Drive Mode
Remote Control Unit
OK
5
OK
Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the Fn menu screen.
6
Press the { button.
The camera is ready to take pictures.
7
Press the shutter release button halfway.
The autofocus system operates. The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when the subject is in focus.
• You cannot focus with the remote control unit in default settings. Focus on
the subject first before operating with the remote control. You can set [AF in
remote control] to [On] in the custom function. (p.107)
• When using the remote control unit, flash does not pop up automatically even
when set to g (Auto discharge). Pop up the flash manually beforehand.
(p.56)
Basic Operations
The self-timer lamp will blink to let you
know that the camera is in remote
control wait status.
3
66
3
8
Point the remote control unit
towards the front of the camera
and press the shutter release
button on the remote control.
5m
Basic Operations
The operating distance of the remote
control unit is about 5 m from the front
of the camera. The shutter will be
released immediately or approximately
3 seconds after the shutter release button on the remote control unit is
pressed depending on the drive mode selected.
When the picture is taken, the self-timer lamp lights for 2 seconds and
will then resume blinking.
• Exposure may be affected if light enters the viewfinder. Attach the provided
ME viewfinder cap or use the AE lock function (p.148) (ignore the light
entering the viewfinder when the exposure mode is set to a (manual)
(p.144)).
• To attach accessories such as the ME Viewfinder Cap, first remove the FO
Eyecup by pressing in one side and then pulling it out toward you.
Removing the Eyecup FO
Attaching the ME Viewfinder cap
• Turn the power off to stop the remote control operation after it has been
activated.
• The remote control may not operate in backlit conditions.
• The remote control does not work while the flash is being charged.
• When using the built-in flash, raise the flash into position first.
• The camera automatically returns to single frame shooting after the remote
control shooting mode is left unused for 5 minutes.
• The remote control unit battery can send a remote control signal about
30,000 times. Contact PENTAX service center to replace the battery (this will
involve a fee).
67
Using Mirror Up Function to Prevent Camera
Shake
Use the Mirror Up function if camera shake is evident even when cable
switch (optional) or remote control unit (optional) is used.
When shooting with the 2 sec. Self-Timer, the mirror pops up and the
shutter is released 2 seconds after you press it, thereby avoiding the
vibration of the mirror.
Follow the procedure below to take a picture with the Mirror Up function.
2
Mount the camera onto a tripod.
Use the { button and the four-way controller (m) to
select Z (2 sec. Self-Timer).
1 Self-Timer Shooting (p.60)
3
Focus on the subject.
4
Press the shutter release button fully.
The mirror pops up and the picture is taken 2 seconds later. AE lock is
enabled with the exposure value set immediately before the mirror goes
up.
Basic Operations
1
3
Playing Back Still Pictures
68
Playing Back Images
You can play back captured still pictures with the camera.
Use the included “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3” software to play back using a
PC. Refer to the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3
Operating Manual” for details.
3
Basic Operations
1
Press the Q button after
taking a picture.
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed on the LCD monitor.
100-0046
2
69
Press the four-way controller
(op).
o : The previous image appears.
p : The next image appears.
Rotating Images
3
100-0001
100-0001
OK
1
Press the Q button after
taking a picture.
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed on the LCD monitor.
2
Press the four-way controller
(n).
The image is rotated 90°
counterclockwise each time the button
is pressed.
OK
100-0001
OK
OK
Basic Operations
You can rotate images 90° counterclockwise at a time. Make images shot
vertically easier to view.
70
3
Press the 4 button.
Image rotation information is saved.
Enlarging Playback Images
3
Basic Operations
You can magnify images up to 12 times when displaying.
1
Press the Q button and use
the four-way controller (op) to
select an image.
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed first on the LCD monitor.
100-0046
2
71
Turn the e-dial to the right
(toward y).
×
×2
2.0
The default setting for the first click on the e-dial is 1.2 times. You can change
this in [Mag to Strt Zm Plybk] in [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.107)
Nine-Image Display
You can display nine images on the LCD monitor at the same time.
3
Basic Operations
Image enlarges at each click and can
be enlarged to 12 times the original.
Turn to the left (toward f) to return.
Press the 4 button to return to the
original size.
To return the magnified view of
[Histogram] Display, [Detailed
Information] Display and [No info. Display] (image only) to its original
size, press the 4 button.
To switch to [No info. Display] in magnified view, press the M button.
To change the display area, press the four-way controller (mnop) in
magnified view.
72
1
Press the Q button.
100-0046
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed on the LCD monitor.
3
2
Turn the e-dial to the left
(toward f).
Basic Operations
Up to nine thumbnail images will be
displayed at once. Use the four-way
controller (mnop) to select an
image. A scroll bar appears at the right
of the screen. With an image selected
in the bottom row, pressing the fourway controller (n) displays the next
nine images.
[?] appears for an image that cannot be
displayed.
3
Turn the e-dial to the right
(towards y) or press the 4
button.
A full screen display of the selected
image appears.
Frame
Select&Delete
100-0046
Scroll bar
100-0046
73
Slideshow
You can play back all images recorded on your SD Memory Card
successively. To start continuous playback, use the menu screen
displayed on the LCD monitor.
3
Basic Operations
1
Press the Q button and use
the four-way controller (op) to
select an image to be displayed
first.
100-0046
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed first on the LCD monitor.
2
Press the { button.
Fn
The Fn menu appears.
OK
Fn
Exit
74
3
Press the four-way controller
(p).
Start screen is displayed and
slideshow begins.
3
Start
Press any button to end slideshow.
Press the shutter release button or the
Q button, slide the main switch to the
preview position (|) or turn the mode
dial to change to Capture mode.
Basic Operations
Set the display time for slideshow in the [Q Playback] menu. Alternatively,
start the slideshow from the [Q Playback] menu. (p.168)
Connecting the Camera to AV
Equipment
75
By using the video cable, you can play back images using a TV or other
device with a video IN jack as your monitor. Make sure that both the TV
and the camera are turned off before connecting the cable.
1 Selecting the Video Output Format (p.175)
3
2
3
Open the terminal cover and connect the video cable to
the USB/Video terminal.
Connect the other end of the video cable to the video IN
jack on the AV device.
Turn the AV device and camera on.
• If you intend to use the camera continuously for a long period, use of the AC
adapter (optional) is recommended. (p.28)
• For AV equipment with multiple video IN jacks (such as TVs), check the
operating manual of the AV device, and select the video IN jack to which the
camera is connected.
• Depending on the country or region, images may fail to be played back if the
video output format is set different from the one in use there. If this happens,
change the video output format setting. (p.175)
• The camera LCD monitor turns off while the camera is connected to the AV
device.
Basic Operations
1
76
Processing Images with Filters
You can edit shot images using digital filters. Processed images are saved
under a different name.
• RAW images cannot be processed using the digital filter.
• Additionally, set digital filters from the [Q Playback] menu.
3
Basic Operations
Digital Filter
B&W
Converts to a black and white image.
Sepia
Adds a vintage touch to photos by converting them to sepia
color.
Color
Adds a color filter to the image. Selects from 18 filters (9 colors
× 2 tones).
Soft
Creates a soft image by lightly fading the entire image. Selects
from three levels.
Slim
Changes the horizontal and vertical ratio of images. Adjusts
height or width up to two times the original size.
Brightness
Changes the brightness of images. Adjusts in a range of ±8
levels.
1
77
Press the { button in
Playback mode.
The Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
Fn
2
Press the four-way controller
(o).
Exit
B&W
3
OK
3
Use the four-way controller (op) to select an image.
4
Use the four-way controller (mn) to select a filter.
OK
Select a filter and preview the effects on the image. Proceed to Step 5 if
[Color] is selected. Proceed to Step 7 if [B&W] or [Sepia] is selected.
5
If [Color] is selected, turn the
e-dial to select the filter color.
Select from 18 color filters: 9 basic
colors (red, orange, yellow, yellowgreen, green, cyan, blue, indigo and
purple) and the same 9 colors with a
darker hue.
Color
OK
OK
Basic Operations
The screen for selecting the filter
appears.
78
6
Adjust with e-dial if slim filter,
soft filter or brightness filter is
selected.
Slim
Turn counterclockwise for wider and
clockwise for slimmer if slim filter is
selected. Turn counterclockwise to
darken and clockwise to brighten if
OK OK
brightness filter is selected. Select
softness from three levels if soft filter is
selected.
Use the four-way controller (op) to select an image. The image appears
in the set slimness or softness.
3
Basic Operations
7
Press the 4 button.
The save confirmation screen appears.
8
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Save as].
Save image as a new file
Save as
Cancel
OK
9
Press the 4 button.
The filtered image is saved under a different name.
OK
Deleting Images
79
Deleting a Single Image
You can delete one image at a time.
• Deleted images cannot be restored.
• Protected images cannot be deleted.
2
Press the Q button and use
the four-way controller (op) to
select an image to delete.
100-0046
Press the i button.
The Delete screen appears.
3
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Delete].
100-0046
Delete
Cancel
All images
4
Press the 4 button.
The image is deleted.
OK
OK
Basic Operations
1
3
80
Deleting All Images
You can delete all saved images at once.
• Deleted images cannot be restored.
• Protected images cannot be deleted.
3
Basic Operations
1
Press the Q button.
2
Press the i button twice.
The Delete All screen appears.
3
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Delete All].
Delete all images
on memory card?
Delete All
Cancel
OK
4
Press the 4 button.
All images are deleted.
OK
81
Deleting Selected Images
(from Nine-Image Display)
You can delete multiple images from the nine-image display at once.
• Deleted images cannot be restored.
• Protected images cannot be deleted.
• Only files in the same folder can be selected at once.
3
Press the Q button.
100-0046
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed first on the LCD monitor.
2
Turn the e-dial to the left
(toward f).
Nine thumbnail images appear.
Select&Delete
100-0046
Basic Operations
1
82
3
Press the i button.
9 appears on the images.
3
4
Basic Operations
Use the four-way controller
(mnop) to move to the
images to delete and press the
4 button.
Image is selected and O appears.
Press { button to select all images
(the selection of images may take time
to complete depending on the number
of images).
5
Delete
OK
Press the i button.
The Delete confirmation screen appears.
6
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Select&Delete].
All selected
images are deleted
Select&Delete
Cancel
OK
7
Press the 4 button.
The selected images are deleted.
OK
83
Protecting Images from Deletion (Protect)
You can protect images from being accidentally deleted.
Even protected images are deleted if the SD Memory Card is formatted.
1
Press the Q button and use
the four-way controller (op) to
select an image.
100-0046
3
Basic Operations
The most recently captured image
(image with the largest file number) is
displayed first on the LCD monitor.
2
Press the Z button.
The Protect screen appears.
3
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Protect].
100-0046
Protect
Unprotect
All images
4
OK
OK
Press the 4 button.
The selected image is protected.
• Select [Unprotect] in Step 3 to cancel the Protect setting.
• The Y symbol is displayed when playing back protected images. (p.19)
84
Protecting All Images
1
Press the Q button.
2
Press the Z button twice.
The Protect all images screen
appears.
3
Basic Operations
3
Press the four-way controller
(m) to select [Protect] and
press the 4 button.
All images saved in the SD Memory
Card are protected.
Protect all images
Protect
Unprotect
OK
OK
Select [Unprotect] in Step 3 to cancel the Protect setting on all of the images.
Setting the Printing Service (DPOF)
85
You can order conventional photograph prints by taking the SD Memory
Card with recorded images to a store for a printing service.
DPOF (Digital Print Order Format) settings allow you to specify the
number of copies or to imprint the date.
DPOF settings cannot be applied to RAW images.
3
Basic Operations
Printing Single Images
Set the following items for each image.
Copies Selects the number of copies. You can print up to 99 copies.
Date
1
2
Specifies whether you want the date inserted on the print or not.
Press the Q button and use the four-way controller (op)
to select an image.
Press the { button.
Fn
The Fn menu appears.
OK
Fn
3
Press the four-way controller
(m).
The DPOF screen appears.
If DPOF settings have already been
made for an image, the previous
number of prints and date setting
(O (on) or P (off)) will be displayed.
Exit
100-0046
Copies
Date
Fn
All images
00
OK
OK
86
4
Use the four-way controller (op) to choose the number of
copies and press the four-way controller (n).
The frame moves to [Date].
5
Use the four-way controller
(op) to choose whether to
insert the date (O) or not (P).
100-0046
O : The date will be imprinted.
P : The date will not be imprinted.
3
Basic Operations
Fn
6
01
Copies
Date
All images
OK
OK
Press the 4 button.
The DPOF settings are saved and the camera returns to playback status.
Depending on the printer or printing equipment at the photo processing lab, the
date may not be imprinted on the pictures even if the DPOF setting was made.
To cancel DPOF settings, set the number of copies to [00] in Step 4 and press
the 4 button.
Settings for All Images
1
Press the { button in
Playback mode.
The Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
Fn
Exit
2
87
Press the four-way controller
(m).
100-0046
The DPOF screen appears.
Copies
Date
Fn
3
All images
00
OK
Press the { button.
3
DPOF setting for all
images
Copies
Date
00
OK
OK
Use the four-way controller (op) to choose the number of
copies and whether to insert the date (O) or not (P).
Refer to Steps 4 and 5 of “Printing Single Images” (p.86) for details of
how to make the settings.
5
Press the 4 button.
The DPOF settings for all the images are saved and the camera returns
to playback status.
The number of copies specified in settings for all images applies to all the
images. Before printing, check that the number is correct.
Settings for single images are canceled when settings are made for all images.
Basic Operations
The screen for making DPOF settings
for all images appears.
4
OK
88
Printing Using PictBridge
This function lets you print images directly from the camera without using
a PC (direct printing).
Connect the camera and PictBridge compatible printer with the included
USB cable (I-USB17) to print directly.
Select the images you want to print, the number of copies and whether to
insert the date or not on the camera after connecting to the printer.
Direct printing is performed in the following steps.
3
Basic Operations
Set [Transfer Mode] on camera to [PictBridge] (p.89)
¶
Connect the camera to the printer (p.90)
¶
Set the printing options (p.85)
Print single images (p.91)
Print all images (p.93)
Print with DPOF settings (p.95)
• Use of the AC adapter is recommended when connecting the camera to a
printer. The printer may not work properly or the image data may be lost if the
batteries run out of power while the camera is connected to the printer.
• Do not disconnect the USB cable during data transfer.
• Depending on the type of printer, not all the settings made on the camera
(such as print settings and DPOF settings) may be valid.
• A printing error may occur if the selected number of copies exceeds 500.
• Printing an index of images, where multiple images appear on a single sheet,
may not be possible unless the printer supports index printing. For index
prints, you may need to use a PC.
• RAW images cannot be printed directly. Use a PC to print RAW images.
• See the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3
Operating Manual” when connecting to a PC.
89
Setting [Transfer Mode]
1
Press the 3 button.
The [A Rec. Mode] menu appears.
3
Basic Operations
2
Use the four-way controller
(op) to select the [H Set-up]
menu.
Set-up
Format
Beep
Date Adjust
World Time
English
Guide display
Exit
3
4
Use the four-way controller (mn) to select [Transfer
Mode].
Press the four-way controller (p).
A pop-up menu appears.
90
3
5
6
Use the four-way controller
(mn) to select [PictBridge].
Set-up
Brightness Level
Video Out
Transfer Mode
Auto Power Off
Folder Name
File #
0
NTSC
PC
PictBridge
PC-F
Cancel
OK
OK
Press the 4 button.
Basic Operations
The setting is changed.
7
Press the 3 button.
Connecting the Camera to the Printer
1
2
Turn the camera off.
Connect the camera and PictBridge compatible printer
using the USB cable supplied with the camera.
The PictBridge logo is displayed on PictBridge compatible printers.
3
4
91
Turn the printer on.
After printer start-up is
complete, turn the camera on.
The PictBridge menu appears.
Select printing mode
Single Image
All Images
DPOF AUTOPRINT
OK
OK
3
Printing Single Images
1
Use the four-way controller
(mn) to select [Single
Image] on the PictBridge
menu.
Select printing mode
Single Image
All Images
DPOF AUTOPRINT
OK
2
OK
Press the 4 button.
The Print Single Image screen appears.
3
Use the four-way controller
(op) to choose an image to
print.
100-0046
Print this image
Copies 1
Date
Fn
OK
Date
Print
Basic Operations
PictBridge menu is not displayed if [Transfer Mode] is set to [PC] or [PC-F].
92
4
Use the four-way controller (mn) to choose the number
of copies.
You can print up to 99 copies.
5
Use the { button to choose whether to insert the date (O)
or not (P).
O : The date will be printed.
P : The date will not be printed.
3
Basic Operations
6
Press the 4 button.
The print settings confirmation screen
appears.
Proceed to Step 12 to print the images
by default.
To change the print settings, go to Step
7.
7
Press the { button.
The screen for changing print settings
appears.
Print according
to settings?
Paper Size
Standard
Std.
Paper Type
Std.
Quality
Std.
Border Status
OK
Fn
PictBridge
Paper Size
Paper Type
Quality
Border Status
Cancel
8
Print
Change Setting
Standard
Std.
Std.
Std.
OK
OK
Select [Paper Size] and press the four-way controller (p).
The Paper Size screen appears.
9
Use the four-way controller
(mnop) to choose the
paper size.
You can only choose a size that is
supported by your printer.
When the [Paper Size] is set to
[Standard], images are printed
according to the printer settings.
Paper Size
Standard
Card
L
100×150
Postcard
4”×6”
Cancel
2L
8”×10”
A4
Letter
11 ” × 1 7 ”
A3
OK
OK
10
11
93
Press the 4 button.
Repeat Steps 8 to 10 to set [Paper Type], [Quality] and
[Border Status].
The print settings change screen appears after each item has been set.
When [Std.] is selected for these print settings, images are printed
according to the printer settings.
[Paper Type] with more Es supports higher quality paper.
[Quality] with more Es indicates higher print quality.
Basic Operations
12
Press the 4 button twice.
The image is printed according to the settings.
Press the 3 button to cancel printing.
Printing All Images
1
Use the four-way controller
(mn) to select [All Images]
on the PictBridge menu.
Select printing mode
Single Image
All Images
DPOF AUTOPRINT
OK
2
Press the 4 button.
The Print all images screen appears.
3
OK
94
3
Choose the number of copies
and whether to imprint the date
or not.
The number of copies and the date
setting that you choose apply to all of
the images.
Refer to Steps 4 and 5 of “Printing
Single Images” (p.92) for details on
how to make the settings.
3
Basic Operations
4
100-0046
Print all images
Copies
Total
1
28
Date
Fn
OK
Date
Print
Press the 4 button.
The print settings confirmation screen appears.
Refer to Steps 7 and 11 of “Printing Single Images” (p.92 and 93) for
details on how to change the settings.
5
Press the 4 button on the print settings confirmation
screen.
All the images are printed according to the settings.
Press the 3 button to cancel printing.
95
Printing Images Using the DPOF Settings
1
2
Use the four-way controller (mn) to select [DPOF
AUTOPRINT] on the PictBridge menu.
Press the 4 button.
3
Print w/DPOF settings
3
Copies
Total
1
10
Date
OK
Print
Press the 4 button.
The print settings confirmation screen appears.
Refer to Steps 7 and 11 of “Printing Single Images” (p.92 and 93) for
details on how to change the settings.
4
Press the 4 button on the print settings confirmation
screen.
The images are printed according to the settings.
Press the 3 button to cancel printing.
Disconnecting the USB Cable
Disconnect the USB cable from the camera and printer when you have
finished printing.
1
Turn off the camera.
2
Disconnect the USB cable from the camera and printer.
Basic Operations
The Print w/DPOF settings screen
appears. Use the four-way controller
(op) to check the number of copies for
each image, whether the date is
imprinted or not, and total number of
copies. Print settings are set with the
Print Service. (p.85)
96
Memo
4
Menu Reference
Explains the functions of s by buttons and
menus.
Using the Button Functions ................................98
Using the Menu ...................................................102
Using the Fn Menu .............................................108
Using the Mode Dial ...........................................110
When using menus and Fn menu, items which cannot be changed due
to camera settings appear gray and cannot be selected.
98
Using the Button Functions
Capture Mode
Functions of buttons used during shooting are noted.
1
4
2
Menu Reference
3
4
0
5
6
7
8
9
1 Shutter release button
Press to capture images. (p.45)
2 Main switch
Move to turn the power on/off (p.32) or to preview (p.152).
3 Lens unlock button
Press to detach lens. (p.38)
a
b
c
d
e
f
4 Focus mode lever
99
Switches between autofocus mode (p.124) and manual focus mode
(p.132).
5 Mode dial
Changes the Shooting mode. (p.110)
6 K button
Press to pop up the built-in flash. (p.54)
7 3 button
Displays the [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.104). Next, press the four-way
controller (p) to display [Q Playback] menu (p.104), [H Set-up] menu
(p.105) and [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.106)
8 M button
9 Q button
Switches to the Playback mode. (p.68)
0 mc button
Press to set aperture and EV compensation values. (p.142, p.147)
a L button
Locks the exposure before shooting. (p.148)
Automatically adjusts the appropriate exposure in a (Manual) mode.
(p.146)
b e-dial
Sets shutter speed, aperture, and EV compensation values.
(p.140, p.142, p.147)
c 4 button
Saves the setting you selected in the menu.
d Four-way controller (mnop)
Use this to move cursor or change items in menus and Fn menu.
e Shake Reduction switch
Turns the Shake Reduction function on or off. (p.47)
f { button
Press to display the Fn menu. Press the four-way controller (mnop)
to determine the following operation. (p.108)
4
Menu Reference
Press to show shooting information on the LCD monitor. (p.17)
100
Playback Mode
Functions of buttons used during playback are noted.
1
2
4
Menu Reference
3
7
8
9
4
0
5
a
6
1 Shutter release button
Press to switch to Capture mode.
2 Main switch
Move to turn the camera on and off. (p.32)
3 3 button
Press to display the [Q Playback] menu (p.104). Next, press the fourway controller (op) to display [H Set-up] menu (p.105), [A Custom
Setting] menu (p.106) and [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.104).
4 i button
Press to delete images. (p.79)
5 M button
101
Press to show shooting information on the LCD monitor. (p.18)
6 Q button
Press to switch to Capture mode.
7 Z button
Press to protect images from being accidentally erased. (p.83)
8 e-dial
Use this to enlarge an image (p.70) or display nine images at the same
time (p.71).
9 4 button
Saves the setting you selected in the menu or playback screen.
Use this to move cursor or change items in menus, Fn menu and
playback screen.
a { button
Press to display the Fn menu. Press the four-way controller (mop) to
determine the following operation. (p.108)
4
Menu Reference
0 Four-way controller (mnop)
Using the Menu
102
How to Operate the Menu
This section explains operation methods for [A Rec. Mode] menu,
[Q Playback] menu, [H Set-up] menu and [A Custom Setting] menu.
Displaying the Menu screen
1
4
Press the 3 button in
Capture mode.
Menu Reference
The [A Rec. Mode] menu appears on
the LCD monitor.
Rec. Mode
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Exit
2
Press the four-way controller
(p).
[Q Playback] menu, [H Set-up]
menu and [A Custom Setting] menu
appear in order each time the four-way
controller is pressed.
Set-up
Format
Beep
Date Adjust
World Time
English
Guide display
Exit
103
Select a menu item and set
Procedure to set the [Quality Level] on the [A Rec. Mode] menu is
explained as an example.
3
Use the four-way controller
(mn) to choose an item.
Rec. Mode
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Exit
4
Available [Quality Level] options
appear.
Press the four-way controller (p) to
move to the pop-up menu if there is one.
When the quality level is changed, the
number of recordable images at that
quality level appears on the screen.
Recordable image no. 128
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Cancel
OK
OK
5
Use the four-way controller (mn) to select a setting.
6
Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the menu screen. Next, set other items.
Press the 3 button to return to Capture or Playback mode.
Even after you press the 3 button and close the menu screen, your
settings will not be saved if the camera is turned off improperly (such as by
removing the batteries while the camera is on).
• You can use the e-dial to switch among the [A Rec. Mode] menu, the [Q
Playback] menu, [H Set-up] menu, and [A Custom Setting] menu when no
pop-up menu is displayed.
• If the 3 button is pressed in Capture mode, the [A Rec. Mode] menu
appears. If the 3 button is pressed in Playback mode, the [Q
Playback] menu appears.
4
Menu Reference
Press the four-way controller
(p).
104
[A Rec. Mode] Menu Setting Items
Perform settings related to capturing in the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
Item
4
Function
Page
Image Tone
Sets the color tone of pictures.
p.114
Recorded Pixels
Sets the recording size of images.
p.115
Quality Level
Sets the image quality.
p.116
Menu Reference
Saturation
Sets the color saturation.
p.117
Sharpness
Makes the image outlines sharp or soft.
p.117
Contrast
Sets the image contrast.
p.117
Auto Bracket
Sets Auto Bracket shooting.
p.151
AE Metering
Selects the part of the screen to use for measuring
brightness and determining exposure.
p.136
Swtch dst msr pt
Selects the part of the screen to set focus to.
p.128
AF Mode
Selects the autofocus mode.
p.127
Flash Exp. Comp.
Adjusts the flash exposure to brighten or darken
the image.
p.154
Shake Reduction
Sets the [Focal Length] when using a lens for
which focal length information cannot be acquired.
p.49
[Q Playback] Menu Setting Items
Perform settings related to playback and editing images in the
[Q Playback] menu.
Item
Function
Page
Plybk dsply mthd
Sets shooting information to show during playback
p.167
and whether to display overexposed area warning.
Instant Review
Sets the Instant Review time.
p.177
Preview Display
Sets to display overexposed area warning or
histogram during Instant Review or Digital
Preview.
p.178
Digital Filter
Changes the color tone of captured images, adds
softening and slimming effects, or adjusts the
brightness.
p.76
Slideshow
Plays back recorded images one after another.
p.73
105
[H Set-up] Menu Setting Items
Perform various settings related to the camera in the [H Set-up] menu.
Item
Function
Page
Formats the SD Memory Card.
p.169
Beep
Switches the beep tone on/off.
p.170
Date Adjust
Sets the date format and time.
p.170
World Time
Sets display of local time when traveling abroad.
p.171
Language/
Changes the language in which menus and
messages appear.
p.174
Guide display
Sets to display indicators in LCD monitor.
p.174
Brightness Level
Changes the brightness of the LCD monitor.
p.175
Video Out
Sets the output format to the TV monitor.
p.175
Transfer Mode*
Sets the USB cable connection (PC or printer).
p.89
Auto Power Off
Sets the time to turn off automatically.
p.176
Folder Name
Sets the method used to assign folder names for
storing images.
p.176
File #
Sets the method used to add file numbers.
p.177
Sensor Cleaning
Locks the mirror in the up position for cleaning the
CCD.
p.189
Reset
Resets all settings other than Date Adjust,
Language, Video Out and World Time.
p.179
* Refer to p.11 of the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO
Laboratory 3 Operating Manual” for details on connecting the camera to a PC.
4
Menu Reference
Format
106
[A Custom Setting] Menu Setting Items
Set custom functions to fully use the functions of a SLR camera with the
Custom Function Menu. The default setting does not use Custom
Function.
[A Custom Setting] menu settings are activated when [Setting], the first
item, is O (on).
Item
4
Function
Page
Menu Reference
Setting
Sets to use the Custom Function Menu.
—
Noise Reduction
Sets to use Noise Reduction in slow speed
shooting.
—
Expsr Setting Steps
Sets the adjustment steps for exposure.
p.148
ISO Corction in
AUTO
Sets the automatic ISO correction range for
[AUTO] setting in [Sensitivity].
p.121
ISO Snstvty Wrn
Dspl
Sets the maximum sensitivity level. ISO
Sensitivity Warning Display appears when
exceeded.
p.122
Sets whether to link the exposure value and the
Link AF Point and AE AF point in the focusing area (focus position)
during multi-segment metering.
p.137
Meter Operating
Time
Sets the exposure metering time.
p.137
AE-L with AF locked
Sets to fix exposure value when focus is locked.
p.131
Recordable Image
No.
Sets to switch number of recordable images in
the LCD panel and viewfinder to number of
continuous shooting recordable images when
shutter release button is pressed halfway.
OK btn when
shooting
Sets the action for the 4 button when pressed
during shooting.
AE-L bttn on M expsr
Selects the exposure adjustment method when
p.146
the L button is pressed in a (Manual) mode.
Superimpose AF
Area
Sets whether to display the selected AF point
(focus position) in the viewfinder.
—
p.126,
p.129
p.128
107
Function
Page
AF in remote control
Sets to use Autofocus when shooting with
remote control.
Shutter releases after AF activates if shutter is
released from remote control when [On]. Shutter
cannot be released until in focus.
AF does not activate at shutter release from
remote control when [Off].
—
FI with S lens used
Sets to enable focus indicator when screw mount
lens is in use.
Lens is recognized even when lens is not
attached to the camera when enabled.
—
Using aperture ring
Sets to enable shutter release when lens
aperture ring is set at other than s.
p.188
Release when
Chrging
Sets to release shutter while the built-in flash is
charging.
p.155
Preview Method
Selects Digital Preview or Optical Preview when
the main switch is in the preview position (|).
Digital Preview lets you check the composition,
exposure and focus on the LCD monitor before
taking the picture. Optical Preview lets you check
the depth of field with the viewfinder.
p.153
Sets the initial magnification of the zoom
playback.
Mag to Strt Zm Plybk Choose from [1.2 times], [2 times], [4 times],
[8 times] and [12 times]. The default setting is
[1.2 times].
—
Man. WB
Measurement
Sets to meter entire screen or Spot area when
setting white balance to manual.
p.119
Color Space
Sets the color space to use.
p.123
Reset Custom
Fnction
Resets all the settings in the Custom Function
menu to the defaults.
p.180
4
Menu Reference
Item
108
Using the Fn Menu
4
Menu Reference
Capture Mode
Press the { button in Capture mode. The
Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
AUTO
Fn
Exit
Press the four-way controller (mnop) to set the operation.
Four-way
controller
Item
Function
Page
p.58,
p.60,
p.64,
p.149
m
Drive Mode
Selects Continuous shooting, SelfTimer, Remote control or Auto bracket.
n
Flash Mode
Adjusts the method of flash discharge.
p.54
o
White Balance
Adjusts the color to the color of the light
source illuminating the subject.
p.118
p
Sensitivity
Sets the sensitivity.
p.121
109
Playback Mode
Press the { button in Playback mode. The
Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
Fn
Exit
Press the four-way controller (mop) to set the operation.
Item
m
Function
Page
4
DPOF Settings
Sets the DPOF settings.
p.85
o
Digital Filter
Changes the color tone of captured
images, adds softening and slimming
effects, or adjusts the brightness.
p.76
p
Slideshow
Plays back recorded images one after
another.
p.73
Menu Reference
Four-way
controller
110
Using the Mode Dial
4
Menu Reference
Dial indicator
You can switch the Shooting mode by setting the icons on the mode dial
to the dial indicator.
Item
Function
Selects automatically from Portrait,
Landscape, Macro, and Moving Object
I (Auto Picture)
Modes. Lets you take pictures with standard
settings (Normal mode) when there is no
optimal shooting mode.
Optimal for capturing portraits.
= (Portrait)
Deepens the focus range, emphasizes
s (Landscape)
contour and saturation of trees and the sky,
and produces a bright image.
Lets you take vibrant pictures of flowers or
q (Macro)
other small subjects at short distances.
Lets you take sharp pictures of a quickly
\ (Moving Object)
moving subject, such as a sporting event.
Lets you capture people against a night view
. (Night Scene Portrait) or dusk.
The built-in flash is deactivated. Other settings
a (Flash OFF)
are the same as the Normal mode in I.
Selects from 8 situations depending on the
H (Scene)
shooting conditions.
Page
p.50
For . (Night Scene Portrait), the shutter speed becomes slower in dark
places, even if the built-in flash is used. To prevent camera shake, either use
the Shake Reduction function or mount the camera on a tripod.
111
Item
e (Program)
b (Shutter Priority)
c (Aperture Priority)
a (Manual)
p (Bulb)
Function
Automatically sets shutter speed and aperture
to the proper exposure when taking pictures.
Page
p.139
Lets you set the desired shutter speed for
expressing the motion of moving subjects.
p.140
Take pictures of fast moving subjects that look
still or subjects that give a sense of movement.
Lets you set the desired aperture for controlling
the depth of field. Use it to obtain a blurred or
sharp background.
Lets you set shutter speed and aperture to
capture the picture with creative intent.
Lets you capture images that require slow
shutter speeds such as fireworks and night
scenes.
p.142
p.144
p.146
4
Menu Reference
112
Memo
5
Function Reference
Introduces functions to further enhance your
s experience.
Setting the Recorded Pixels and Quality Level
..............................................................................114
Focusing .............................................................124
Setting the Exposure .........................................134
Checking the Composition, Exposure and Focus
Before Shooting .................................................152
Using the Built-in Flash .....................................154
Settings During Playback ..................................167
Camera Settings .................................................169
Resetting to Default Settings ............................179
114
Setting the Recorded Pixels and
Quality Level
Setting the Image Tone
Set the basic color tone of pictures. The default setting is F (Bright).
F
Bright
G
Natural
Images are finished brightly, with high contrast and
sharpness.
Images are finished naturally and suitable for
retouching.
Set in [Image Tone] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.104)
Rec. Mode
5
Function Reference
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Cancel
OK
OK
Setting cannot be changed in Picture mode and H mode (p.50). Setting is
fixed to F (bright).
115
Setting the Recorded Pixels
You can select the number of recorded pixels from P, Q and R. The
more pixels there are, the larger the picture and the bigger the file size.
The file size will also differ according to quality level settings. The default
setting is P 3008×2000 (JPEG).
P
3008×2008 (RAW)
3008×2000 (JPEG)
Suited for printing on A3 paper (297×420 mm).
Q
2400×1600
Suited for printing on A4 paper (210×297 mm).
R
1536×1024
Suited for printing on A5 paper (148×210 mm).
Set in [Recorded Pixels] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.104)
When the number of recorded pixels is changed, the number of recordable
images appears on the screen.
5
Cancel
OK
OK
[Recorded Pixels] cannot be selected if the [Quality Level] is set to |. (Fixed
at 3008×2008)
Function Reference
Recordable image no. 128
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
116
Setting the Quality Level
You can set the image quality level. The file size will also differ according
to the Recorded Pixels settings. The default setting is C (Best).
5
Function Reference
|
RAW
RAW data is CCD output data saved without processing.
Effects such as White Balance, Contrast, Saturation and
Sharpness are not applied to the image but such
information is saved. Transfer to a PC, apply effects with
the enclosed PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 and create
JPEG and TIFF images.
C
Best
Lowest compression rate, suited for printing large pictures
such as A4 size. Image is saved in JPEG format.
D
Better
Standard compression rate, suited for viewing as
photographs or on your computer screen. Image is saved
in JPEG format.
E
Good
Highest compression rate, suitable for attaching to e-mail
or posting on websites. Image is saved in JPEG format.
Set in [Quality Level] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.104)
When the quality level is changed, the number of recordable images at
that quality level appears on the screen.
Recordable image no. 128
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Cancel
OK
OK
117
Setting the Saturation/Sharpness/Contrast
Select from five levels of Saturation, Sharpness and Contrast. The default
setting is [0 (Standard)] for all.
Saturation
Sets the color saturation.
Sharpness
Makes the image outlines sharp or soft.
Contrast
Sets the image contrast.
Set [Saturation], [Sharpness] and [Contrast] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu.
(p.104)
Settings cannot be changed in Picture mode and H mode (p.50).
Rec. Mode
Exit
Rec. Mode
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Towards + : Higher sharpness
Towards – : Lower sharpness
Exit
Rec. Mode
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Exit
Towards + : Higher contrast
Towards – : Lower contrast
5
Function Reference
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
Quality Level
Saturation
Sharpness
Contrast
Towards + : Higher saturation
Towards – : Lower saturation
118
Setting the White Balance
White balance is a function for adjusting the color of an image so that white
objects appear white. Set the white balance if you are not satisfied with the
color balance of pictures taken with white balance set to F (Auto), or
to intentionally apply a creative effect to your images. The default setting
is F (Auto).
5
Function Reference
F
Auto
Automatically adjusts the white balance. (About 4000 to
8000K)
G
Daylight
For use when taking pictures in sunlight. (About 5200K)
H
Shade
For use when taking pictures in the shade. It reduces the
bluish color tones in a picture. (About 8000K)
^
Cloudy
For use when taking pictures on cloudy days. (About 6000K)
J
Fluorescent
Light
For use when taking pictures under fluorescent lighting. Select
the type of fluorescent light, from W (white) (About 4200K), N
(neutral white) (About 5000K), and D (daylight) (About 6500K).
I
Tungsten
Light
b
Flash
K
Manual
For use when taking pictures under light bulb or other
tungsten light. It reduces the reddish color tones in a
picture. (About 2850K)
For use when taking pictures using the built-in flash.
(About 5400K)
Use this to manually adjust the white balance according to
the lighting so that white objects appear as a natural white.
* The color temperature (K) is an estimate. This does not indicate precise colors.
* The white balance is adjusted based on preset values provided in the camera when
set to G (Daylight), H (Shade), ^ (Cloudy), J (Fluorescent Light), I (Tungsten
Light), or b (Flash).
Set [White Balance] in the Fn menu. (p.108)
White Balance
Auto
OK
OK
• Refer to p.119 for manual adjustment method.
• White balance cannot be adjusted in Picture mode and H mode (p.50).
119
Color Temperature
The color of light shifts towards blue as the color temperature rises, and
towards red as the color temperature falls. Color temperature describes
this change in light color in terms of absolute temperature (K: Kelvin).
This camera is capable of setting the white balance to enable taking
pictures with natural coloring under a variety of lighting conditions.
Red tint
2000
3000
Blue tint
4000
5000 6000
8000
10000 12000 [ K ]
Clear sky
Shade
You can adjust the white balance depending on the light source when
taking pictures. With Manual White Balance, the camera can store delicate
shades that cannot be precisely adjusted with the white balance preset
values provided in the camera (p.118). This provides the optimum white
balance for your surroundings.
1
Set the mode dial to e, b, c, or a.
2
Press the { button.
The Fn menu appears.
3
Press the four-way controller (o).
The White Balance screen appears.
Function Reference
Daylight (Fluorescent light)
Cloudy
Daylight Flash
Neutral white (Fluorescent light)
White (Fluorescent light)
Halogen light bulb
Tungsten light
Oil lamp
Candle flame
Adjusting the White Balance Manually
5
120
4
Use the four-way controller
(n) to select K (Manual).
White Balance
Manual
OK
Adjust
OK
5
Press the four-way controller
(p).
OK
Manual
White Balance
The message screen appears.
Point camera at subject
Press the shutter
release button
5
Function Reference
6
7
Fully display a white or gray sheet of paper in the
viewfinder under the light to adjust white balance.
Press the shutter release button fully.
Slide the focus mode lever to \ when the shutter cannot be released.
[OK] appears on the LCD monitor when setting is completed.
[NG] appears when setting is not completed successfully.
8
Press the 4 button.
• No image is recorded when the shutter release button is pressed to adjust
the white balance.
• Press the { button when adjustment is unsuccessful to set again.
• You can use [Man. WB Measurement] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.107)
to set the area to measure for white balance when setting manually. Even if
[Entire screen] is selected, white balance of the entire screen is measured
normally but the exposure metering is measured according to the [AE
Metering] setting in the [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.136). White Balance is only
adjusted in the spot metering area (p.137) if [Spot metering area] is selected.
• If picture is extremely overexposed or underexposed, white balance may not be
adjusted. In this case, adjust appropriate exposure and adjust the white balance.
121
Setting the Sensitivity
You can set the sensitivity to suit the brightness of the surroundings.
The sensitivity can be set to [AUTO] or within a sensitivity range equivalent
to ISO 200 to 3200. The default setting is [AUTO].
Set [Sensitivity] in the Fn menu. (p.108)
When set to [AUTO], the range set with [ISO Corction in AUTO] in the [A
Custom Setting] menu is displayed enclosed in brackets.
AUTO
200
400
800
1600
3200
Sensitivity
OK
OK
Captured images can show more noise if higher Sensitivity is set.
Set range to automatically correct sensitivity when Sensitivity is set to [AUTO].
The sensitivity is automatically corrected in the range of [ISO 200-800] by default.
1
ISO 200-800
Corrects sensitivity automatically in the range of ISO
200 to 800.
2
ISO 200-400
Corrects sensitivity automatically in the range of ISO
200 to 400.
3
ISO 200-1600
Corrects sensitivity automatically in the range of ISO
200 to 1600.
4
ISO 200-3200
Corrects sensitivity automatically in the range of ISO
200 to 3200.
Set in [ISO Corction in AUTO] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.106)
ISO Corction in AUTO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
200-800
200-400
200-1600
200-3200
Corrects sensitivity
automatically in the
range of ISO 200 to 800
Function Reference
Setting the Range of Automatic Correction in AUTO
5
122
Sensitivity is not corrected in the following cases.
• Exposure mode is a (Manual) or p (Bulb) mode
• Flash is discharged
• Auto bracketing is set
• EV Compensation is adjusted
ISO Sensitivity Warning Display
ISO Sensitivity Warning appears in the viewfinder when a sensitivity value
of your choice is reached or exceeded. Set a sensitivity that is not regularly
used to avoid forgetting to reset when sensitivity is raised. ISO Sensitivity
Warning is not displayed by default.
1
Off
2
ISO 400
ISO Sensitivity Warning is displayed when ISO 400 is
set or exceeded.
3
ISO 800
ISO Sensitivity Warning is displayed when ISO 800 is
set or exceeded.
4
ISO 1600
ISO Sensitivity Warning is displayed when ISO 1600 is
set or exceeded.
5
ISO 3200
ISO Sensitivity Warning is displayed when ISO 3200 is
set.
5
ISO Sensitivity Warning is not displayed.
Function Reference
Set in [ISO Snstvty Wrn Dspl] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.106)
ISO Snstvty Wrn Dspl
Off
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
400
800
1600
3200
ISO sensitvty wrning not
displayed in vewfnder
o (ISO Sensitivity Warning) appears in the viewfinder when the set
sensitivity is set or exceeded.
ISO Sensitivity Warning is not displayed even if the automatically corrected
sensitivity exceeds the set sensitivity setting. (p.121)
123
Setting the Color Space
You can set the color space to use. The default setting is [sRGB].
1
sRGB
2
AdobeRGB
Sets to sRGB color space.
Sets to AdobeRGB color space.
Set in [Color Space] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.107)
Color Space
sRGB
AdobeRGB
Sets to sRGB color space
5
Color Space
Color ranges for various input/output devices, such as digital
cameras, monitors, and printers, differ.
This color range is called the Color Space.
To recreate different color spaces in different devices, standard color
spaces have been proposed. This camera supports sRGB and
AdobeRGB.
sRGB is mainly used for devices such as a PC.
AdobeRGB covers a wider area than sRGB and is used for
occupational uses such as industrial printing.
An image created in AdobeRGB may appear lighter than an image
created in sRGB when output from a sRGB compatible device.
Function Reference
File names differ depending on the color space setting as shown below.
For sRGB
: IMGPxxxx.JPG
For AdobeRGB : _IGPxxxx.JPG
[xxxx] is the file number and numbering continues from the last stored file
number.
Focusing
124
You can focus with the following methods.
= Autofocus
The camera is focused when the shutter release
button is pressed halfway.
\ Manual focus
Manually adjust the focus.
Using the Autofocus
5
You can also choose the autofocus mode from l (Single mode) where
the shutter release button is pressed halfway to focus on the subject and
the focus is locked at that position, and k (Continuous mode) where
the subject is kept in focus by continuous adjustment while the shutter
release button is pressed halfway. (p.127)
Function Reference
1
Set the focus mode lever to
=.
2
125
Look through the viewfinder
and press the shutter release
button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears in the
viewfinder when focused (if it is
blinking, the subject is not in focus).
1 Subjects that are Difficult to Focus
on (p.46)
5
• In l (Single mode), the focus is locked (focus lock) while ] is lit. To focus
on another subject, take your finger off the shutter release button first.
• During \ (Moving Object) mode, when the H mode is set to C (Kids) or
E (Pet) or when the [AF Mode] in the [A Rec. Mode] is set to k
(Continuous mode) (p.127), focus is adjusted continuously, tracking the
moving object as long as the shutter release button is kept pressed halfway.
• The shutter cannot be released until the subject is in focus in l (Single
mode) (p.127). If the subject is too close to the camera, move back and take
the picture. Adjust the focus manually if the subject is difficult to focus (p.46).
(p.132)
• In l (Single mode), press the shutter release button halfway. The built-in
flash will discharge automatically several times, enabling the autofocus to
focus on the subject easier if the subject is in a dark area and the built-in flash
is available.
• Regardless if the camera is set to l (Single mode) or k (Continuous
mode), the camera automatically tracks the subject if it is determined to be a
moving object.
Function Reference
Focus indicator
126
Using the 4 Button to Focus on the Subject
You can set the camera so that the focusing is not performed when the
shutter release button is pressed halfway and is performed when the 4
button is pressed. This is useful when you wish to temporarily use
autofocus while using manual focus.
Set [Enable AF] in [OK btn when shooting] in the [A Custom Setting]
menu. (p.106)
OK btn when shooting
Confirm Sensitivity
Center of AF Point
Enable AF
Cancel AF
AF with shutter release
button disabled so AF
performed with OK button
5
Function Reference
Only use this function with lenses that are compatible with Quick Shift Focus
(lenses with “DA” or “D FA”).
• When [Confirm Sensitivity] is selected, press the 4 button to display the
currently selected sensitivity in the viewfinder. When [Sensitivity] is set to
[AUTO] in the Fn menu, the automatically selected value is displayed.
• When [Center of AF Point] is selected, the AF point can be set to the center by
pressing the 4 button (Only when [Swtch dst msr pt] is set to S (Select)).
• Select [Cancel AF]. \ appears in the viewfinder while the 4 button is
pressed. Autofocus does not activate when the shutter release button is
pressed. This is useful when you wish to temporarily use manual focus while
using autofocus.
You can focus using the focus ring and release the shutter while the 4
button is pressed when using a lens compatible with Quick Shift Focus (take
your finger off the 4 button to immediately return to AF mode).
127
Setting the AF Mode
You can choose from the following two autofocus modes. The default
setting is l (Single mode).
When the shutter release button is pressed halfway to
l Single mode focus on the subject, the focus is locked at that position.
k
Continuous The subject is kept in focus by continuous adjustment
mode
while the shutter release button is pressed halfway.
Set [AF Mode] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.104).
Rec. Mode
Cancel
5
AF.S
AF.C
OK
OK
• Setting cannot be changed in Picture mode and H mode (p.50).
• k (Continuous mode) can be set when the mode dial is set to e, b, c,
a or p. The autofocus mode is set to k in \ (Moving Object) of Picture
mode or C (Kids) or E (Pet) of H mode.
Function Reference
Auto Bracket
AE Metering
Swtch dst msr pt
AF Mode
Flash Exp. Comp.
Shake Reduction
128
Selecting the Focusing Area (AF Point)
Choose the part of the viewfinder to set focus to. The default setting is
N (Auto).
The selected AF point lights red in the viewfinder. (Superimpose AF Area)
The camera selects the optimum AF point even if the
subject is not centered.
N
Auto
S
Select
Sets the focusing area to one of the eleven points in the AF
area.
O
Center
Sets the focusing area to the center of the viewfinder.
Set in [Swtch dst msr pt] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu (p.104).
5
Rec. Mode
Function Reference
Auto Bracket
AE Metering
Swtch dst msr pt
AF Mode
Flash Exp. Comp.
Shake Reduction
Cancel
0.0
OK
OK
AF point is not displayed in the viewfinder when [Off] is selected for
[Superimpose AF Area] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.106)
129
Setting the Focus Position in the Viewfinder
1
2
3
Select S (Select) in [Swtch dst msr pt] in the [A Rec.
Mode] menu.
Look through the viewfinder and
check the position of the subject.
The AF point lights red in the viewfinder (Superimpose AF Area) and you
can check where you set the AF point.
• When [OK btn when shooting] in the [A Custom Setting] menu is set to
[Center of AF Point], press the 4 button to set the AF point to the center if
the AF point other than the center is selected for S (Select).
• When [OK btn when shooting] is set to [Confirm Sensitivity] in the [A Custom
Setting] menu, press the 4 button to display the currently selected
sensitivity in the viewfinder. When [Sensitivity] is set to [AUTO] in the Fn
menu, the automatically selected value is displayed.
• The AF point is fixed to the center position regardless of this setting with
lenses other than DA, D FA, FA J, FA or F lenses.
5
Function Reference
Use the four-way controller (mnop) to select the
desired AF point.
130
Fixing the Focus (Focus Lock)
If the subject is outside the range of the focusing area, the camera cannot
automatically focus on the subject. In this situation, you can aim the
focusing area toward the subject, use focus lock and recompose the
picture.
1
Frame the desired composition
for your picture in the
viewfinder.
Use focus lock function when the
subject you wish to focus on is not
inside the focusing area.
5
Function Reference
(Example)
The person is out of focus
and the background is
focused instead.
2
Center the subject to focus in
the viewfinder and press the
shutter release button halfway.
The focus indicator ] appears and
you will hear a beep when the subject
comes into focus (if it is blinking, the
subject is not in focus).
3
Lock the focus.
Keep the shutter release button pressed halfway. The focus will remain
locked.
131
4
Re-compose the picture while
keeping the shutter release
button pressed halfway.
Fixing Exposure when Focus is Locked
Set [AE-L with AF locked] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.106) to fix
the exposure value while focus is locked. Exposure is not fixed by default
during focus lock.
1
Off
Exposure is not fixed when focus is locked.
2
On
Exposure is fixed when focus is locked.
AE-L with AF locked
Off
On
AE is not locked
when the focus
is locked
5
Function Reference
• The focus is locked while the focus indicator ] is lit.
• Turning the zooming ring in focus lock mode may cause the subject to be out
of focus.
• The beep can be turned off. (p.170)
• You cannot set focus lock when the [AF Mode] in the [A Rec. Mode] is set
to k (Continuous mode), the Capture mode is set to \ (Moving Object)
or H mode is set to C (Kids) or E (Pet). In k (Continuous mode), \
(Moving Object) mode or C (Kids) or E (Pet) of H mode, the autofocus
continues to focus on the subject until the shutter is released. (Continuous
Autofocus)
132
Adjusting the Focus Manually (Manual Focus)
When you adjust the focus manually, you can either check with the focus
indicator in the viewfinder or use the viewfinder matte field to adjust focus.
Using the Focus Indicator
You can manually adjust the focus using the focus indicator ].
1
Set the focus mode lever to
\.
5
Function Reference
2
Look through the viewfinder,
press the shutter release
button halfway and turn the
focusing ring.
The focus indicator ] appears and
you will hear a beep when the subject
comes into focus.
Focus indicator
133
• Use the matte field in the viewfinder when the subject is difficult to focus
(p.46) and the focus indicator will not stay lit.
• The beep can be turned off. (p.170)
Using the Viewfinder Matte Field
You can manually adjust the focus using the viewfinder matte field.
1
Set the focus mode lever to
\.
5
Look through the viewfinder
and turn the focusing ring until
the subject looks sharp on the
screen.
Function Reference
2
134
Setting the Exposure
Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed
Correct exposure of the subject is determined by the combination of
shutter speed and aperture setting. There are many correct combinations
of shutter speed and aperture for a particular subject. Different
combinations produce different effects.
Effect of Shutter Speed
The shutter speed determines the length of time that light is allowed to
strike the CCD. Adjust the amount of light striking the CCD.
5
Function Reference
Using slower shutter speed
If the subject is moving, the image will be
blurred because the shutter is open
longer.
It is possible to enhance the effect of
motion (rivers, waterfalls, waves, etc.) by
intentionally using a slower shutter speed.
Using faster shutter speed
Choosing a faster shutter speed will allow
freezing the action of a moving subject.
A faster shutter speed also helps
preventing camera shake.
135
Effect of Aperture
Adjust the amount of light hitting the CCD by changing the aperture.
Opening the aperture (reduce the aperture value)
Objects closer and farther than the focused
subject will be more out of focus. For
instance, if you take a picture of a flower
against a landscape with the aperture open,
the landscape in front and behind the flower
will be blurred, emphasizing only the flower.
Closing the aperture (increase the aperture value)
The range in focus expands forward and
backward. For instance, if you take a picture
of a flower against a landscape with the
aperture narrowed, the landscape in front
and behind the flower will be in focus.
5
When you focus on a portion of the subject, there is a range in which
object closer and farther will also be in focus. This focused range is
called the depth of field.
• The depth of field for the s differs depending on
the lens but compared to a 35 mm camera, the value is roughly one
aperture setting lower (the focused range becomes narrower).
• The wider the wide-angle lens, and the farther away the subject, the
deeper the depth of field is (some zoom lenses do not have a scale
for depth of field because of their structure).
Depth of field
Area of focus
Aperture
Lens focal length
Distance to the subject
Shallow
Narrow
Deep
Wide
Open
(Smaller value)
Close
(Larger value)
Longer
(Telephoto)
Shorter
(Wide-angle)
Near
Far
Function Reference
Depth of Field
136
Selecting the Metering Method
Choose the part of the screen to use for measuring brightness and
determining exposure. L (Multi-segment metering), M (Center-weighted
metering) or N (Spot metering) mode can be selected. The default setting
is L (Multi-segment metering).
L
5
Multi-segment Segments the screen in 16 parts, meters each portion
metering
and determines the appropriate exposure.
M
Centerweighted
metering
N
Spot metering
Measures the entire screen with an emphasis on the
center and determines the exposure.
Measures only the center of the screen and determines
exposure.
Set in [AE Metering] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.104)
Function Reference
Rec. Mode
Auto Bracket
AE Metering
Swtch dst msr pt
AF Mode
Flash Exp. Comp.
Shake Reduction
Cancel
0.0
OK
OK
Using the Multi-Segment Metering
The scene in the viewfinder is metered in
16 different zones as shown in the
illustration when using the multi-segment
metering. This mode automatically
determines what level of brightness is in
which portion.
The center-weighted metering mode is automatically set even if you select the
multi-segment metering mode when using a lens other than a DA, D FA, FA J,
FA, F or A lens (can only be used if permission is set in [Using aperture ring] in
the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.107)).
137
Linking AF Point and AE During Multi-Segmented
Metering
In [Link AF Point and AE] (p.106) of the [A Custom Setting] menu,
you can link the exposure and AF point in the focusing area during
multi-segment metering. The default setting is [Off].
1
Off
Exposure is set separately from AF point.
2
On
Exposure is set in accordance with AF point.
Using the Center-Weighted Metering
Using the Spot Metering
With spot metering, brightness is
measured only within a limited area at the
center of the screen as shown in the
illustration. You can use this in
combination with the AE lock (p.148)
when the subject is extremely small and
proper exposure is difficult to obtain.
Setting the Meter Operating Time
Sets the exposure metering time in [Meter Operating Time] in the
[A Custom Setting] menu (p.106). The default setting is [10 sec].
1
10 sec
Sets exposure metering timer to 10 seconds.
2
3 sec
Sets exposure metering timer to 3 seconds.
3
30 sec
Sets exposure metering timer to 30 seconds.
5
Function Reference
Metering is weighted at the center of the
screen. Use this metering when you want
to compensate the exposure by
experience, instead of leaving it to the
camera. The illustration shows that
sensitivity increases as the pattern height
increases (center). This mode does not
automatically compensate for backlit scenes.
138
Changing the Exposure Mode
Apart from the Picture and H modes, this camera features the following
five exposure modes.
Use the mode dial (p.110) to change the exposure mode.
Description
Exposure
Compensation
Change
Shutter
Speed
Change
Aperture
e
(Program)
Automatically sets shutter speed
and aperture for taking pictures at
the proper exposure.
Yes
No
No
b
(Shutter
Priority)
Lets you set the desired shutter
speed for expressing moving
subjects. Take pictures of fast
moving subjects that look still or
subjects that show movement.
Yes
Yes
No
c
(Aperture
Priority)
Lets you set the desired aperture
for controlling the depth of field.
Use to blur or sharpen the
background.
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Exposure
Mode
5
Function Reference
Lets you set shutter speed and
a (Manual) aperture to capture the picture
with creative intent.
p (Bulb)
Lets you capture images that
require slow shutter speeds such
as fireworks and night scenes.
139
Using the e (Program) Mode
Shutter speed and aperture value are automatically set for taking pictures
at the proper exposure.
Perform the following to adjust the exposure.
1
2
Set the mode dial to e.
Turn the e-dial while pressing
the mc button and adjust the
exposure.
5
Function Reference
The EV Compensation is displayed in
the viewfinder and on the LCD panel.
The shutter speed and aperture value
are also displayed while adjusting the
exposure.
EV Compensation
• Set EV Compensation in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set exposure setting
steps in [Expsr Setting Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.148)
• You can automatically correct the
sensitivity if appropriate exposure cannot
be set with the set criteria. Set [Sensitivity]
to [AUTO] in the Fn menu. (p.121)
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
140
Using the b (Shutter Priority) Mode
Set the shutter speed faster and capture fast moving subjects as if they are
still or slow down the shutter speed and capture images emphasizing
subject movement.
Aperture value is automatically set to appropriate exposure depending on
the shutter speed.
1 Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed (p.134)
1
Set the mode dial to b.
5
Function Reference
2
Turn the e-dial and adjust the
shutter speed.
The shutter speed and aperture value
are displayed in the viewfinder and on the
LCD panel.
141
• Turn the e-dial while pressing the mc button and change the EV
Compensation value. (p.147)
• Set the shutter speed in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [Expsr Setting
Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.148)
• You can automatically correct the sensitivity if appropriate exposure cannot
be set with the set criteria. Set [Sensitivity] to [AUTO] in the Fn menu. (p.121)
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
Exposure Warning
5
If the subject is too bright or too dark,
the aperture value will blink in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel. If the
subject is too bright, choose a faster
shutter speed. If it is too dark, choose a slower shutter speed. When
the aperture value indication stops blinking, you can take the picture
with proper exposure.
If both the shutter speed and aperture value are blinking, this
indicates being out of metering range and the proper exposure
cannot be obtaind even if the shutter speed is adjusted.
Use an ND (Neutral Density) filter if the subject is too bright.
Use a flash if it is too dark.
Function Reference
142
Using the c (Aperture Priority) Mode
Set aperture for controlling the depth of field. The depth of field is deeper
and the front and back of the focused object is clear when aperture is set
to a large value. The depth of field is shallower and the front and back of
the focused object is blurred when aperture is set to a small value.
Shutter speed is automatically set to appropriate exposure depending on
the aperture value.
1 Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed (p.134)
1
Set the mode dial to c.
5
Function Reference
2
Turn the e-dial and adjust the
aperture value.
The shutter speed and aperture value
are displayed in the viewfinder and on
the LCD panel.
143
• Turn the e-dial while pressing the mc button and change the EV
Compensation value. (p.147)
• Set the aperture value in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [Expsr Setting
Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.148)
• You can automatically correct the sensitivity if appropriate exposure cannot
be set with the set criteria. Set [Sensitivity] to [AUTO] in the Fn menu. (p.121)
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
Exposure Warning
5
Function Reference
If the subject is too bright or too dark,
the shutter speed will blink in the
viewfinder and on the LCD panel. If the
subject is too bright, set the aperture
smaller (larger number), and when too dark, open the aperture further
(smaller number). Once blinking stops, you can take the picture.
If both the shutter speed and aperture value are blinking, this
indicates being out of metering range and the proper exposure
cannot be obtained even if the aperture is adjusted.
Use an ND (Neutral Density) filter if the subject is too bright.
Use a flash if it is too dark.
144
Using a (Manual) Mode
You can set the shutter speed and aperture value. This mode is suitable
to take pictures of your choice by combining them. This mode is
convenient for taking pictures using the same shutter speed and aperture
setting combination or taking intentionally underexposed (darker) or overexposed (brighter) photographs.
1 Effect of Aperture and Shutter Speed (p.134)
1
Set the mode dial to a.
5
Function Reference
2
3
Turn the e-dial and adjust the
shutter speed.
Turn the e-dial while pressing
the mc button and adjust the
aperture.
The shutter speed and aperture value
are displayed in the viewfinder and on
the LCD panel. Of the shutter speed
Difference from the
and aperture value, the value being
appropriate exposure
adjusted is underlined in the
viewfinder. While adjusting the shutter
speed or aperture value, the difference
from the appropriate exposure (EV value) appears at the bottom right of
the viewfinder. The appropriate exposure is set when [0.0] is displayed.
Exposure Warning
You are out of the measuring area if the
shutter speed and aperture value blink.
Use an ND (Neutral Density) filter if the
subject is too bright.
Use a flash if it is too dark.
5
Function Reference
• When in a (Manual) mode, the sensitivity is equivalent to ISO 200 when
sensitivity is set to [AUTO].
• The viewfinder indicator blinks when the difference from appropriate
exposure is over ±3.0.
• Set the shutter speed and aperture values in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV.
Set in [Expsr Setting Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.148)
• Set the aperture to the s position while
holding down the auto-lock button when
using a lens with an aperture ring.
145
146
About the L Button
The aperture and shutter speed are automatically adjusted to the
appropriate exposure at that moment if the L button is pressed in
a (Manual) mode. You can choose from the following three adjustment
methods in [AE-L bttn on M expsr] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
1 Program Line The aperture and shutter speed are adjusted automatically.
2
Tv Shift
The aperture is locked and the shutter speed is adjusted
automatically.
3
Av Shift
The shutter speed is locked and the aperture is adjusted
automatically.
Shutter speed is adjusted to appropriate exposure according to lens
aperture when lens aperture is not set to s position.
1 Notes on [Using Aperture Ring] (p.188)
5
Using the p (Bulb) Mode
Function Reference
This mode is useful for the long exposures required for shooting night
scenes and fireworks.
The shutter remains open as long as the shutter release button is kept pressed.
1
Set the mode dial to p.
• Turn the e-dial to adjust the aperture value.
• Set the aperture value in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV. Set in [Expsr Setting
Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.148)
• Use a sturdy tripod and the cable switch CS-205 (optional) to prevent camera
shake when using p (Bulb) mode. Connect the cable switch to the cable
switch terminal (p.15).
• Bulb shooting is available when using the remote control shooting mode
(p.64). The shutter remains open as long as the optional remote control’s
shutter release button is held down.
• Noise reduction is a process to reduce noise (image roughness or
unevenness) caused by low shutter speed. Set in [Noise Reduction] in the
[A Custom Setting] menu. (p.106)
• When in p (Bulb) mode, the sensitivity is equivalent to ISO 200 when
sensitivity is set to [AUTO].
147
Setting the Exposure
This allows you to deliberately overexpose (brighten) or under-expose
(darken) your picture. You can adjust the EV Compensation from –2 to +2
(EV) in increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV.
Set in [Expsr Setting Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.148)
1
Set the compensation with the
e-dial while the mc button is
pressed.
mc button
5
Confirm the compensation
value in the viewfinder.
m is displayed during compensation.
m blinks when the flash is popped up if
the flash compensation is set.
Compensation value
Exposure compensation is not available when the exposure mode is set to a
(Manual) or p (Bulb) mode.
The exposure compensation cannot be canceled by turning the camera off or
by setting any other exposure mode.
Function Reference
2
148
Changing the Exposure Setting Steps
Set Exposure Setting Steps in [Expsr Setting Steps] in [A Custom Setting]
to increments of 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV.
Expsr Setting Steps
1/2 EV Steps
1/3 EV Steps
Exposure setting steps
are set to 1/2 EV
Recording the Exposure Before Shooting (AE Lock)
5
AE Lock is a function that memorizes the exposure prior to taking the
picture. Use this when the subject is too small or backlit and a proper
exposure setting cannot be obtained.
Function Reference
1
Press the L button.
The camera memorizes the exposure
(brightness) at that instant.
Press it again to unlock.
• @ is displayed in the viewfinder while the AE lock is engaged. (p.20)
• The exposure remains in memory for twice as much time as the metering
timer after releasing the L button. The exposure remains locked as long
as the L button is kept pressed or the shutter release button is kept
pressed halfway.
• You will hear a beep when the L button is pressed. The beep can be
turned off. (p.170)
• AE lock is not available when the exposure mode is a (Manual) or p (Bulb) mode.
• The combination of shutter speed and aperture value changes depending on
the zooming position even while the AE lock is engaged when using a zoom
lens for which maximum aperture varies depending on the focal length.
However, the exposure value does not change and the picture is taken at the
brightness level set by the AE lock.
• If the exposure mode is a (Manual), the aperture and/or shutter speed are
automatically adjusted to set the appropriate exposure when the L
button is pressed. (p.146)
• Exposure can be fixed when focus is locked. Set in [AE-L with AF locked] in
the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.131)
149
Changing the Exposure and Shooting
(Auto Bracket)
You can take continuous pictures with different exposure when the shutter
release button is pressed. The first frame is exposed with no
compensation, the second frame is underexposed (negative
compensation) and the third is overexposed (positive compensation).
Normal exposure
Overexposure
5
Press the { button in Capture
mode.
The Fn menu appears.
Fn
OK
AUTO
Fn
2
Exit
Press the four-way controller (m).
The Drive Mode options screen appears.
3
Use the four-way controller (p)
to select V (Auto Bracket).
Drive Mode
Auto Bracket
OK
OK
Function Reference
1
Underexposure
150
4
Press the 4 button.
The camera returns to the Fn menu
screen.
5
Press the { button.
Shooting is ready and ] is displayed on the LCD panel.
6
5
Press the shutter release button halfway.
Focus indicator ] appears in the viewfinder when focused.
Function Reference
7
Press the shutter release button fully.
Three continuous pictures will be taken, the first with no compensation,
the second with negative compensation, and the third with positive
compensation.
• When the [AF Mode] in the [A Rec. Mode] is set to l (Single mode), the
focus is locked in the first frame position and used for subsequent continuous
frames.
• When you release your finger from the shutter release button during auto
bracketing, the auto bracketing exposure setting will remain effective for
twice as much time as the exposure metering timer (default setting is 20
seconds) (p.137) and you can take a picture at the next compensation value.
In this case, auto focusing works for each frame. After about twice as much
time as the exposure metering timer (default setting is 20 seconds), the
camera returns to settings for taking the first picture.
• You can combine Auto Bracket with the built-in flash or external flash (P-TTL
auto only) to change only the flash output continuously. However, when using
an external flash, holding the shutter release button down to take three
continuous frames may cause the second and third frame to be taken before
the flash is fully recharged. Always take one frame at a time after confirming
that charging is complete.
• Auto Bracket is not available when the exposure mode is set to p (Bulb)
mode.
151
Setting Auto Bracket
Change the shooting order and steps of Auto Bracket.
1/2 EV
Bracketng amount
(Step interval)
1/3 EV
Shooting images
±0.5, ±1.0, ±1.5, ±2.0
±0.3, ±0.7, ±1.0, ±1.3, ±1.7, ±2.0
0 ´ – ´ +, – ´ 0 ´ +, + ´ 0 ´ –
* Set interval of steps in [Expsr Setting Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
(p.148)
Set in [Auto Bracket] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.104)
Auto Bracket
Bracketng amount
Shooting images
0.5
0
5
You can use the auto bracketing mode for only underexposure or
overexposure shots by combining the operation with exposure
compensation (p.147). The auto bracketing is performed in both
cases on the basis of the specified exposure compensation value.
Function Reference
Taking Only Overexposed or Underexposed Pictures
Checking the Composition, Exposure
and Focus Before Shooting
152
You can use the preview function to check the depth of field, composition,
exposure and focus before taking a picture. There are 2 preview methods.
Digital Preview
For checking the composition, exposure and focus in the
LCD monitor.
Optical Preview
For checking the depth of field with the viewfinder.
Select the preview method in [Preview Method] in the [A Custom Setting]
menu (p.107). The default setting is Digital Preview.
Displaying the Preview
5
Display the digital preview or optical preview.
Function Reference
Displaying the Digital Preview
1
Focus on the subject, then
compose the picture in the
viewfinder and move the main
switch to |.
The (|) icon appears in the LCD monitor
during preview and you can check the
composition, exposure and focus.
Press the shutter release button halfway to end Digital Preview and start
focusing. The image displayed in Digital Preview is not saved.
• You can display the overexposed area warning or histogram in Digital
Preview. Set in [Preview Display] (p.178) in the [Q Playback] menu.
• The maximum display time for Digital Preview is 60 seconds.
153
Displaying the Optical Preview
1
2
Position the subject inside the AF
frame and press the shutter
release button halfway.
Turn the main switch to | while
looking through the viewfinder.
You can check the depth of field in the
viewfinder while the main switch is on |.
5
Selecting the Preview Method
Choose the preview method to use when the main switch is turned to the
preview position (|). The default setting is Digital Preview.
Digital Preview
For checking the composition, exposure and focus in the
LCD monitor before taking a picture.
Optical Preview
For checking the depth of field with the viewfinder.
Set in [Preview Method] in the [A Custom Setting] menu. (p.107)
Preview Method
Digital Preview
Optical Preview
For checking exposure,
composition and focus
w/LCD before shooting
Function Reference
• No shooting information is displayed in the viewfinder, and the shutter cannot
be released while the main switch is in the preview position (|).
• You can check the depth of field in all exposure modes.
154
Using the Built-in Flash
Compensating Flash Output
You can change the flash output in a range of –2.0 to +1.0. The Flash
Compensation values are as follows for 1/2 EV and 1/3 EV.
Step interval
Flash Compensation
1/2 EV
–2.0, –1.5, –1.0, –0.5, 0.0, +0.5, +1.0
1/3 EV
–2.0, –1.7, –1.3, –1.0, –0.7, –0.3, 0.0, +0.3, +0.7, +1.0
* Set interval of steps in [Expsr Setting Steps] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
(p.148)
5
Set in [Flash Exp. Comp.] in the [A Rec. Mode] menu. (p.104)
Function Reference
Rec. Mode
Auto Bracket
AE Metering
Swtch dst msr pt
AF Mode
Flash Exp. Comp.
Shake Reduction
1.0
0.5
0.0
0.5
Cancel
OK
OK
• m blinks in the viewfinder when the flash pops up during Flash
Compensation. (p.20)
• If the maximum flash output is exceeded when corrected to the plus (+) side,
no compensation will be effective.
• Compensating to the minus (–) side may not effect the image if the subject is
too close, aperture is low or sensitivity is high.
• This flash compensation is also effective for external flash units which
support P-TTL auto flash mode.
155
Allowing Shooting while Charging Flash
You can set to enable shooting while flash is being charged.
Set [On] for [Release when Chrging] in the [A Custom Setting] menu
(p.107). Pictures cannot be taken while the flash is charging by default.
Release when Chrging
Off
On
Enables shutter release
while the built-in
flash is charging
Flash Characteristics in Each Exposure Mode
• When taking a moving subject, you can use the flash to change the blur
effect.
• Any desired shutter speed 1/180 sec. or slower can be set for taking a
flash photograph.
• The aperture value automatically changes according to the ambient
brightness.
• The shutter speed is fixed at 1/180 sec. when lens other than DA,
D FA, FA J, FA, F or A is used.
Using the Flash in Av (Aperture Priority) Mode
• You can set the desired aperture to take a flash photograph when you
want to change the depth of field or shoot a subject farther away.
• The shutter speed automatically changes with the ambient brightness.
• The shutter speed shifts automatically anywhere from 1/180 sec. to a
slow shutter speed (p.42) that reduces camera shake. The slowest
shutter speed depends on the focal length of the lens in use.
• The shutter speed is fixed at 1/180 sec. when lens other than DA,
D FA, FA J, FA or F is used.
Function Reference
Using the Flash in b (Shutter Priority) Mode
5
156
Using Slow-Speed-Sync
You can use slow-speed-sync when shooting portraits with the sunset in the
background. Both the portrait and the background are captured beautifully.
• Slow-speed-sync slows the shutter speed. Use the Shake Reduction function
or turn off the Shake Reduction function and use a tripod to avoid camera
shake. The picture will also blur if the subject moves.
• Slow-speed-sync shooting can also be performed with an external flash.
1
2
3
5
Function Reference
4
1
2
3
4
Using b (Shutter Priority) Mode
Set the mode dial to b.
b (Shutter Priority) mode is set.
Use the e-dial to set the desired shutter speed.
The background is not properly corrected if aperture value is blinking
when shutter speed is set. Set the shutter speed so that aperture value
does not blink.
Press the K button.
The flash pops up.
Take the picture.
Using a (Manual) Mode
Set the mode dial to a.
a (Manual) mode is set.
Set the shutter speed (under 1/180 sec.) and aperture value to obtain
correct exposure.
Press the K button.
The flash pops up.
In a (Manual) mode, you can raise the flash at any time prior to shooting.
Take the picture.
Distance and Aperture when Using the Built-in Flash
A set criteria is necessary between the guide number, aperture and
distance when shooting with the flash.
Calculate and adjust the shooting conditions if flash is not sufficient.
Built-in flash guide number
Sensitivity
Built-in flash guide number
ISO 200
15.6
ISO 400
22
ISO 800
31
ISO 1600
44
ISO 3200
62
157
Calculating Shooting Distance from Aperture Value
The following equation calculates the distance of the flash for aperture
values.
Maximum flash distance L1 = Guide number ÷ Selected aperture
Minimum flash distance L2 = Maximum flash distance ÷ 5*
* The value 5 used in the formula above is a fixed value
which applies only when using the built-in flash alone.
Example
When sensitivity is [ISO 200] and aperture value is F4
L1 = 15.6 ÷ 4 = approx. 3.9 (m)
L2 = 3.9 ÷ 5 = approx. 0.8 (m)
Therefore, the flash can be used in a range of about 0.8 m to 3.9 m.
The flash cannot be used when the distance is less than 0.7 m. When
the flash is used at closer than 0.7 m, it causes vignetting in the picture
corners, light is distributed unevenly and the picture may be overexposed.
The following equation calculates the aperture value for shooting
distances.
Aperture value used F = Guide number ÷ Shooting distance
When sensitivity is [ISO 200] and shooting distance is 5.2 m, aperture
value is:
F = 15.6 ÷ 5.2 = 3
If the resulting number (3, in the above example) is not available as a
lens aperture, the smaller number that is closest (2.8, in the above
example) is generally used.
Function Reference
Calculating Aperture Value from Shooting Distance
5
158
DA, D FA , FA J, FA and F Lens Compatibility
with the Built-in Flash
When using DA, D FA, FA J, FA and F lenses with the s
without the hood, built-in flash compatibility is shown below.
Yes : Available
# : Available depending on other factors
No : Unavailable due to vignetting
Following are evaluated without a hood.
Lens Name
5
Compatibility
Function Reference
DA Fish-eye
10-17 mm F3.5-4.5ED (IF)
No
F Fish-eye
17-28 mm F3.5-4.5
#
DA12-24 mm F4ED AL
No
DA16-45 mm F4ED AL
#
When the focal length is less than 28
mm or when the focal length is 28
mm and the shooting distance is
less than 1 m, vignetting may occur.
DA16-50 mm F2.8ED AL (IF) SDM
#
Vignetting may occur if focal length
is less than 20 mm and the shooting
distance is less than 1.5 m.
FA J18-35 mm F4-5.6AL
Yes
DA18-55 mm F3.5-5.6AL
Yes
FA20-35 mm F4AL
Yes
FA24-90 mm F3.5-4.5AL (IF)
Yes
FA28-70 mm F4AL
Yes
FA28-70 mm F2.8AL
#
FA J28-80 mm F3.5-5.6
Yes
FA28-80 mm F3.5-5.6
Yes
FA28-90 mm F3.5-5.6
Yes
FA28-105 mm F4-5.6
Yes
FA28-105 mm F4-5.6 (IF)
Yes
FA28-105 mm F3.2-4.5AL (IF)
Yes
FA28-200 mm F3.8-5.6AL (IF)
Yes
FA35-80 mm F4-5.6
Yes
Vignetting may occur if focal length
is less than 20 mm.
Vignetting may occur if focal length
is 28 mm and the shooting distance
is less than 1 m.
159
Lens Name
Compatibility
DA50-135 mm F2.8ED (IF) SDM
Yes
DA50-200 mm F4-5.6ED
Yes
FA70-200 mm F4-5.6
Yes
FA J75-300 mm F4.5-5.8AL
FA80-200 mm F2.8ED (IF)
Yes
FA80-320 mm F4.5-5.6
Yes
Yes
FA80-200 mm F4.7-5.6
Yes
FA100-300 mm F4.7-5.8
FA250-600 mm F5.6ED (IF)
Yes
DA14 mm F2.8ED (IF)
No
FA20 mm F2.8
FA24 mm F2AL (IF)
Yes
FA28 mm F2.8AL
Yes
FA31 mm F1.8AL Limited
Yes
FA35 mm F2AL
Yes
DA40 mm F2.8 Limited
Yes
FA43 mm F1.9 Limited
Yes
FA50 mm F1.4
Yes
FA50 mm F1.7
Yes
FA77 mm F1.8 Limited
FA85 mm F1.4 (IF)
Yes
FA135 mm F2.8 (IF)
FA200 mm F2.8ED (IF)
Yes
No
Yes
5
Function Reference
Yes
Yes
FA300 mm F2.8ED (IF)
FA300 mm F4.5ED (IF)
FA400 mm F5.6ED (IF)
No
FA600 mm F4ED (IF)
No
D FA Macro 50 mm F2.8
Yes
D FA Macro 100 mm F2.8
Yes
FA Macro 50 mm F2.8
Yes
FA Macro 100 mm F2.8
Yes
FA Macro 100 mm F3.5
FA Macro 200 mm F4ED (IF)
Yes
FA Soft 28 mm F2.8
#
Built-in flash always discharges fully.
FA Soft 85 mm F2.8
#
Built-in flash always discharges fully.
Yes
Yes
Yes
160
Using an External Flash (Optional)
Using the optional external flash AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ enables a
variety of flash modes, such as P-TTL auto flash mode, high-speed flash
sync mode, and wireless mode. See the chart below for details.
(Yes: Available #: Restricted No: Not available)
Flash
Camera Function
Red-eye reduction flash
Automatic flash discharge
5
Function Reference
After the flash is charged, the camera
automatically switches to the flash sync
speed.
Aperture is automatically set in e (Program)
mode and b (Shutter Priority) mode.
Auto check in the viewfinder
Built-in
Flash
AF540FGZ
AF360FGZ
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
P-TTL auto flash (appropriate sensitivity:
200 to 3200)
Yes*1
Yes*1
Slow-speed sync
Flash Exposure Compensation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
#*3
#*4
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
AF illuminator
Rear curtain sync flash*2
Contrast-control-sync flash mode
Slave flash
Multiple flash
High-speed flash sync
Wireless flash*5
*1
*2
*3
*4
When using DA, D FA, FA J, FA, F or A lens.
Shutter speed of 1/90 sec. or slower.
Can be combined with AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ for rear curtain sync flash.
When combined with the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ, 1/3 of the flash discharge can be
output by the built-in flash and 2/3 can be output by the external flash.
*5 Two or more AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ units are required.
161
About the LCD Panel Display for AF360FGZ
The AF360FGZ does not have the function to set the FORMAT size to
[DIGITAL], but the difference in angle of view between standard 35-mm
format and the s is automatically calculated based on the
focal length of the lens used (when using DA, D FA, FA J, FA or F lenses).
The conversion indicator appears and the format size indicator disappears
when the exposure metering timer of the s is on (it returns
to 35 mm format display when the exposure metering timer is turned off).
Lens focal length
Exposure
metering timer
Off
AF360FGZ
LCD panel
Exposure
metering timer
On
85mm 77mm 50mm 35mm 28mm 24mm 20mm
18mm
85mm
70mm 50mm
35mm
28mm 24mm*
58mm
48mm 34mm
24mm
19mm 16mm*
* Using wide-angle panel
Use this flash mode with the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ flash unit. When
flash mode is set to [P-TTL auto], the flash pre-fires right before taking
pictures using 16-segment metering and allows more precise control.
P-TTL auto is available in wireless flash mode when two or more
AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ units are used.
1 Remove the cover of the hot shoe and attach the external flash
(AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ).
2 Turn on the camera and the external flash.
3 Set the external flash mode to [P-TTL auto].
4 Confirm that the external flash is fully charged and then take the picture.
• P-TTL auto is only available with the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ flash unit.
• The b will light in the viewfinder when the flash is ready (fully charged).
• For details such as operation method and effective distance, please read the
external flash manual.
• The flash does not discharge when the subject is bright enough when Flash
Mode is g or i. Therefore, it may not suitable for daylight-sync shooting.
• Never press the flash pop up button when any external flash unit is attached
to the camera. The built-in flash will hit the external flash. If you want to use
both at once, see p.164 for the connection method.
Function Reference
Using P-TTL Auto Mode
5
162
Using High-Speed Flash Sync Mode
With the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ, you can discharge the flash to take a
picture at a shutter speed faster than 1/180 second. High-speed flash sync
can be used with the flash attached to the camera, or wireless.
Attaching and Using the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ on the Camera
1 Remove the cover of the hot shoe and attach the external flash
(AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ).
2 Turn the mode dial and set the exposure mode to b or a.
3 Turn on the camera and the external flash.
4 Set the external flash sync mode to HS b (high-speed flash sync).
5 Confirm that the external flash is fully charged and then take the picture.
5
Function Reference
• The b will light in the viewfinder when the flash is ready (fully charged).
• High-speed flash sync is only available when the shutter speed is faster than
1/180 sec.
• High-speed flash sync is not available when the exposure mode is set to p
(Bulb).
Using in Wireless Mode
You can shoot using the flash without connecting the camera and flash
with a cord by using two external flashes (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ). The
High-speed sync mode is also available in wireless mode.
Be sure to set the two external flashes (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) to the same
channel. See the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ Operating Manual for details.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Using in Wireless Mode
Place the external flash (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) at the desired
location.
Set the power switch of the above external flash to [WIRELESS].
Set the wireless mode of the above external flash to [S] (Slave).
Turn on the camera, and then turn the mode dial and set the exposure
mode to e, b, c or a.
Set the power switch of the external flash on the camera to
[WIRELESS].
Set the wireless mode of the external flash on the camera to a (Master)
or A (Control).
163
• Wireless mode is not available for the built-in flash.
• Set the wireless slave mode of the external flash to [SLAVE1].
The following information is exchanged between the two external
flash units (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) before the flash is discharged
when the external flash units are used for wireless flash.
Press the shutter release button fully.
1 The flash unit on the camera emits a small control flash (relays
the flash mode of the camera).
2 The external wireless flash unit emits a small control flash
(relays confirmation of subject).
3 The flash unit on the camera emits a small control flash (relays
flash output of external wireless flash unit).
* The flash unit on the camera will emit a small control flash one more
time after this to relay the flash duration time when HS b (Highspeed sync) is set.
4 The external flash unit(s) discharges as main flash.
Set the wireless slave mode of the external flash to [SLAVE1].
5
Function Reference
Wireless Flash Control (P-TTL Flash Mode)
164
Red-Eye Reduction
As with the built-in flash, red-eye reduction is available with an external
flash. This may not be available on some flashes or may have restrictions
for usage conditions. See the chart on p.160.
• The red-eye reduction feature works even when only an external flash is
used. (p.57)
• If red-eye reduction is used when the external flash is set as the slave unit or
with the wireless function, the preflash for red-eye reduction will trigger the
external flash. Do not use red-eye reduction when using a slave unit.
Rear Curtain Sync Flash
5
Function Reference
When using the built-in flash with an external flash (AF540FGZ or
AF360FGZ) that is set to the rear curtain flash function, the built-in flash
will also use this mode. Confirm that both flash units are fully charged
before shooting.
Using the Built-in Flash with the External Flash
As shown in the figure below, attach the hot shoe adapter FG (optional) to
the camera hot shoe and an off-camera shoe adapter F (optional) to the
bottom of the external flash, and connect these with the extension cord
F5P (optional). The off camera shoe adapter F comes with a tripod screw
for securing to your tripod.
Only the P-TTL auto flash can be used in combination with the built-in
flash.
When combining with the built-in flash
165
Discharging Multiple Flashes
You can combine two or more external flashes (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ)
or you can use an external flash in combination with the built-in flash. You
can use the extension cord connection terminal on the flash to connect the
AF540FGZ. You can connect AF360FGZ units as shown in the illustration
below. Connect an external flash and the Hot Shoe Adapter F (optional) to
the Off-Camera Shoe Adapter F (optional) and then connect another OffCamera Shoe Adapter F with external flash using the Extension Cord F5P
(optional). Refer to the flash manual for details.
• Do not combine with accessories that have a different number of contacts
such as a Hot Shoe Grip. A malfunction may occur.
• Combining with flashes from other manufacturers may cause equipment
breakdown. We recommend using the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ.
When combining two or more external flashes
5
Function Reference
When using multiple external flashes or an external flash with the built-in flash,
P-TTL is used for flash control.
166
Contrast-Control-Sync Flash
Combining two or more external flashes (AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ) or
using an external flash in combination with the built-in flash allows multiple
flash photography (contrast-control-sync flash photography). This is
based on the difference between the amounts of light discharged from
multiple units.
• Do not combine with accessories that have a different number of contacts
such as a Hot Shoe Grip as a malfunction may occur.
• Combining with flashes from other manufacturers may cause equipment
breakdown. We recommend using PENTAX automatic flashes.
5
Function Reference
1 Connect the external flash to the camera indirectly. (p.164)
2 Set the sync mode for the external flash to the Contrast-Control-Sync
mode.
3 Turn the mode dial and set the exposure mode to e, b, c or a.
4 Confirm that both the external flash and built-in flash are fully charged
and then take the picture.
• When using two or more external flashes and the Contrast-Control-Sync
mode is set on the external master flash unit, the flash output ratio is 2
(master unit) : 1 (slave units). When external flash is used in combination with
the built-in flash, the flash output ratio is 2 (external flash) : 1 (built-in flash).
• When using multiple external flashes or an external flash with the built-in
flash, P-TTL is used for flash control.
• The fastest flash synchronization speed is 1/180 second in the ContrastControl-Sync mode.
Settings During Playback
167
Changing Playback Display Method
Sets the information to show first during playback and whether to display
overexposed area warning.
The camera switches display information when you press the M button.
1
Select [Plybk dsply mthd] on the [Q Playback] menu.
2
Press the four-way controller (p).
The screen for setting the playback
display method appears.
Plybk dsply mthd
Display Style
Standard
5
3
4
Use the four-way controller (p) to select [Display Style].
Use the four-way controller (mn) to select the
information to show.
Standard
Captured image and indicators are displayed.
Histogram
Images and histogram are displayed.
Detailed Info
Shooting information appears with a small image in the
upper left.
No info. Display Only captured images are displayed.
Last memory
Display settings are retained from previous session.
Plybk dsply mthd
Display Style
Standard
Histogram
Bright
Portion
Detailed
Info
No info. Display
Last memory
Cancel
OK
OK
Function Reference
Bright Portion
168
5
Press the OK button.
The selected information setting is saved.
6
7
Use the four-way controller (n) to select [Bright Portion].
Use the four-way controller (op) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
8
Press the MENU button twice.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
Refer to p.18 for various display information details.
5
Function Reference
Setting the Slideshow Display Interval
You can play back all images recorded on your SD Memory Card
successively. (p.73)
Set image display interval to [3 sec], [5 sec], [10 sec] or [30 sec]. The
default setting is [3 sec].
Set in [Slideshow] in the [Q Playback] menu (p.104).
Playback
Plybk dsply mthd
Instant Review
Preview Display
Digital Filter
Slideshow
Cancel
1 sec
3 sec
5 sec
10 sec
30 sec
OK
OK
After setting, press the 4 button to start slideshow.
Camera Settings
169
Formatting the SD Memory Card
Be sure to format new SD Memory Card with the camera before using the
card.
Formatting will delete all the data on the SD Memory Card.
• Do not open the card cover while formatting SD Memory Card. The card may
be damaged beyond use.
• Formatting will delete protected data. Be aware.
1
3
5
Press the four-way controller (p) to display the Format
screen.
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Format].
Format
All data deleted
Format
Cancel
OK
4
OK
Press the 4 button.
Formatting starts. When formatting is completed, the camera is ready to
take pictures.
Function Reference
2
Select [Format] on the [H Set-up] menu (p.105).
170
Turning the Beep On and Off
You can turn the camera operation beep on or off. The default setting is
O (On) .
Set in [Beep] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
Set-up
Format
Beep
Date Adjust
World Time
English
Guide display
Exit
5
Function Reference
Changing the Date and Time and the Display
Style
You can change the initial date and time settings. You can also set the
display style. Choose [mm/dd/yy], [dd/mm/yy] or [yy/mm/dd]. Choose
[12h] (12 hour) or [24h] (24 hour) for time display method.
1 Setting the Date and Time (p.35)
Date Adjust
Date Style
mm/dd/yy24h
Date
01 / 01 / 2006
Time
00 : 00
Cancel
OK
OK
171
Setting the World Time
The date and time selected in “Initial Settings” (p.33) serve as the date and
time of your present location.
Setting [World Time] enables you to display the local date and time on the
LCD monitor when traveling overseas.
1
2
Select [World Time] on the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
Press the four-way controller
(p).
World Time
The World Time screen appears.
New York
New York
5
3
4
Use the four-way controller (op) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
O
Applies time of city set in X (Destination)
P
Applies time of city set in W (Hometown)
Press the four-way controller (n).
The selection frame moves to X. The city with X blinks.
5
Press the four-way controller (p).
The screen for magnifying the Destination region appears.
Use the four-way controller (op) to change the region to magnify.
6
Press the four-way controller (n).
The frame moves to city.
Function Reference
00:25
172
7
Use the four-way controller
(op) to select the Destination
city.
The current time, location and time
difference of the selected city appears.
8
9
Destination
London
DST
Cancel
OK
OK
+05:00
05:25
Use the four-way controller (n) to select [DST].
Use the four-way controller (op) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
Select O (On) if the Destination city uses daylight saving time (DST).
5
Function Reference
10
Press the 4 button.
The World Time setting is saved.
To continue with World Time setting
operations, press the 4 button to
return to the World Time screen.
World Time
London
New York
01:25
11
Press the 3 button twice.
The camera is ready to take pictures.
• See “List of World Time Cities” (p.173) for cities that can be specified as a
destination.
• Select W in Step 4 to set the city and DST setting.
• X appears on the guide display screen if World Time is On (O). (p.16)
173
List of World Time Cities
Region
North
America
Europe
Africa/
West Asia
Region
Africa/
West Asia
East Asia
Oceania
City
Nairobi
Jeddah
Tehran
Dubai
Karachi
Kabul
Male
Delhi
Colombo
Kathmandu
Dacca
Yangon
Bangkok
Kuala Lumpur
Vientiane
Singapore
Phnom Penh
Ho chi Minh
Jakarta
Hong Kong
Beijing
Shanghai
Manila
Taipei
Seoul
Tokyo
Guam
Perth
Adelaide
Sydney
Noumea
Wellington
Auckland
Pago Pago
5
Function Reference
Central and
South
America
City
Honolulu
Anchorage
Vancouver
San Francisco
Los Angeles
Calgary
Denver
Chicago
Miami
Toronto
New York
Halifax
Mexico City
Lima
Santiago
Caracas
Buenos Aires
Sao Paulo
Rio de Janeiro
Madrid
London
Paris
Amsterdam
Milan
Rome
Berlin
Stockholm
Athens
Helsinki
Moscow
Dakar
Algiers
Johannesburg
Istanbul
Cairo
Jerusalem
174
Setting the Display Language
You can change the language in which the menus, error messages, etc.
are displayed.
Set in [Language/
] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
You can choose from eleven languages: English, French, German,
Spanish, Italian, Swedish, Dutch, Russian, Korean, Chinese (Traditional/
Simplified) and Japanese.
1 Setting the Display Language (p.33)
5
Nederlands
English
Français
Deutsch
Español
Italiano
Svenska
Function Reference
Cancel
OK
OK
Turning the Guide Display On and Off
Set to display guides on the LCD monitor when main switch is on or
exposure mode is changed. (p.16)
O
Guide display on
P
Guide display off
Set in [Guide display] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
Set-up
Format
Beep
Date Adjust
World Time
English
Guide display
Exit
175
Adjusting the Brightness of the LCD Monitor
You can adjust the brightness of the LCD monitor. Adjust settings when
the LCD monitor is hard to see.
Set in [Brightness Level] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
Set-up
Brightness Level
Video Out
Transfer Mode
Auto Power Off
Folder Name
File #
0
1 min
Std.
SerialNo
OK
OK
Selecting the Video Output Format
Set-up
Brightness Level
Video Out
Transfer Mode
Auto Power Off
Folder Name
File #
0
NTSC
PAL
1 min
Std.
SerialNo
Cancel
OK
OK
The video output format varies according to region. The video output format
used in North America is NTSC.
Function Reference
When you connect the camera to AV equipment such as a TV, choose the
appropriate video output format (NTSC or PAL) for playing back images.
Set in [Video Out] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
1 Connecting the Camera to AV Equipment (p.75)
5
176
Setting Auto Power Off
You can set the camera to turn off automatically if unused after a certain
length of time. Select from [1 min], [3 min], [5 min], [10 min], [30 min] or
[Off]. The default setting is [1 min].
Set in [Auto Power Off] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
Set-up
5
Brightness Level
Video Out
Transfer Mode
Auto Power Off
Folder Name
File #
1 min
3 min
5 min
10 min
30 min
Off
Cancel
OK
OK
Auto Power Off will not work during slideshow playback, a USB connection,
remote control shooting or while displaying menu or Fn menu.
Function Reference
Selecting the Folder Name
You can select the method for assigning the folder names for storing
images. The default setting is [Std.].
Std.
The folder name is assigned in the form of [xxxPENTX].
[xxx] is a sequential number from 100 to 999.
(Example) 101PENTX
Date
The two digits of the [month] and [day] on which the picture
was taken are assigned as the folder name in the form of
[xxx_MMDD].
(Example) 101_0125 : for folders with pictures taken on
January 25th
Set in [Folder Name] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
Set-up
Brightness Level
Video Out
Transfer Mode
Auto Power Off
Folder Name
File #
Cancel
0
NTSC
PC
1 min
Std.
Date
OK
OK
177
Resetting the File Number
You can set the file number used for the images when inserting a new SD
Memory Card. The default setting is [SerialNo].
SerialNo
The file number for the most recently captured image is placed in
memory and the file number will remain continuous after inserting
the new SD Memory Card.
Reset
Every time a new SD Memory Card is inserted, the file number is
the smallest number. When an SD Memory Card with stored
images is inserted, numbering continues from the last stored file
number.
Set in [File #] in the [H Set-up] menu. (p.105)
Set-up
0
NTSC
PC
1 min
SerialNo
Reset
Cancel
OK
OK
Setting the Display Instant Review and Digital
Preview
You can perform the settings related to Instant Review and Digital Preview.
Setting the Display Time of the Instant Review
Select from [1 sec], [3 sec], [5 sec] or [Off]. The default setting is [1 sec].
Set in [Instant Review] in the [Q Playback] menu. (p.104)
Playback
Plybk dsply mthd
Instant Review
Preview Display
Digital Filter
Slideshow
Cancel
1 sec
3 sec
5 sec
off
OK
OK
5
Function Reference
Brightness Level
Video Out
Transfer Mode
Auto Power Off
Folder Name
File #
178
Displaying Histogram and Bright Portion
Set to display histogram and bright portion during Instant Review and
Digital Preview.
Set in [Preview Display] in the [Q Playback] menu. (p.104) In the default
setting, the histogram and overexposed area warning do not appear.
1
Select [Preview Display] in the [Q Playback] menu.
2
Press the four-way controller (p).
The screen for setting the Preview Display
appears.
Preview Display
Histogram
Bright Portion
For setting displayed
information in Instant
Review/Digital Preview
5
Function Reference
3
4
5
6
Use the four-way controller (op) to select O (On) or P
(Off) for [Histogram].
O
The histogram is displayed in the Instant Review and Digital
Preview screens.
P
The histogram is not displayed.
Use the four-way controller (n) to select [Bright Portion].
Use the four-way controller (op) to select O (On) or P
(Off).
O
The overexposed area warning is displayed in the Instant
Review and Digital Preview screens.
P
The overexposed area warning is not displayed.
Press the MENU button twice.
The camera is ready to take a picture.
Resetting to Default Settings
179
Resetting Rec. Mode/Playback/Set-up Menu
Settings in [A Rec. Mode] menu, [Q Playback] menu and [H Set-up]
menu are reset to default settings.
However, Date Adjust, Language, Video Out and World Time are not
reset.
1
2
Press the four-way controller (p) to display the [Reset]
screen.
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Reset].
Reset
Back to initial settings
Reset
Cancel
OK
4
Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take or play back images.
OK
5
Function Reference
3
Select [Reset] on the [H Set-up] menu.
180
Resetting the Custom Function Menu
Reset settings in [A Custom Setting] menu to default settings.
Settings in [A Rec. Mode] menu, [Q Playback] menu and [H Set-up]
menu are not reset.
1
2
3
Select [Reset] on the [A Custom Setting] menu.
Press the four-way controller (p) and display the Reset
Custom Fnction screen.
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Reset].
Reset Custom Fnction
Returns the custom
function settings
to initial settings
Reset
Cancel
5
Function Reference
OK
4
Press the 4 button.
The camera is ready to take or play back images.
OK
6
Appendix
Default Settings ..................................................182
Functions Available with Various Lens
Combinations .....................................................186
Notes on [Using Aperture Ring] ........................188
Cleaning the CCD ...............................................189
Optional Accessories .........................................192
Error Messages ..................................................194
Troubleshooting .................................................196
Main Specifications ............................................199
Glossary ..............................................................202
Index ....................................................................206
WARRANTY POLICY ..........................................210
182
Default Settings
The table below lists the factory default settings.
Table notations are as follows.
Last Memory Setting
Yes : The current setting (last memory) is saved when the camera is turned off.
No : The setting returns to the default setting when the camera is turned off.
Reset Setting
Yes : The setting returns to the default setting with the reset function (p.179).
No : The setting is saved even after reset.
[A Rec. Mode] Menu
Item
Image Tone
Recorded Pixels
6
Quality Level
Saturation
Appendix
Last
Memory
Setting
Reset
Setting
Page
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
p.114
p.115
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
p.116
p.117
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
p.117
p.117
±0.5/0 – +
L (Multi-segment)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
p.151
p.136
N (Auto)
l
(Single mode)
Yes
Yes
p.128
Yes
Yes
p.127
Default Setting
F (Bright)
P (3008×2000)
C (Best)
(0)
Sharpness
Contrast
(0)
(0)
Auto Bracket
AE Metering
Swtch dst msr pt
AF Mode
Flash Exp. Comp.
Shake Reduction
0.0
Yes
Yes
p.154
35 (Focal Length)
Yes
Yes
p.49
Reset
Setting
Page
[Q Playback] Menu
Display Style
Standard
Last
Memory
Setting
Yes
Bright Portion
P (Off)
Yes
Yes
Instant Review
Preview Histogram
Display Bright Portion
1sec
P (Off)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
P (Off)
Yes
Yes
Item
Plybk
dsply
mthd
Default Setting
Yes
p.167
p.177
p.178
183
Item
Default Setting
Last
Memory
Setting
Reset
Setting
Page
Digital Filter
B&W
Yes*
Yes
p.76
Slideshow
3sec
Yes
Yes
p.73
* The slimness setting for the slim filter, the softness setting for the soft filter, the
brightness setting for the brightness filter, and the color setting for the color filter
are saved.
[H Set-up] Menu
Default Setting
Last
Memory
Setting
Reset
Setting
Page
—
O (On)
—
Yes
—
Yes
p.169
p.170
According to
default setting
Yes
No
p.170
P (Off)
Yes
Yes
Hometown (City)
According to
default setting
Yes
No
Hometown
(DST)
According to
default setting
Yes
No
Destination
(City)
Same as
Hometown
Yes
No
Destination
(DST)
Same as
Hometown
Yes
No
According to
default setting
Yes
No
p.174
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
p.174
p.175
Yes
No
p.175
Item
Format
Beep
Date Adjust
World Time
setting
Language/
Guide display
Brightness Level
Video Out
Transfer Mode
Auto Power Off
Folder Name
File #
Sensor Cleaning
Reset
O (On)
0
According to
default setting
p.171
PC
1min
Std.
Yes
Yes
p.89
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
p.176
p.176
SerialNo
—
Yes
—
Yes
—
p.177
p.189
—
—
—
p.179
Appendix
World
Time
6
184
[A Custom Setting] Menu
Item
Settings
Noise Reduction
Last
Memory
Setting
Reset
Setting
Page
P (Off)
Yes
Yes
p.106
On
Yes
Yes
p.146
Expsr Setting Steps
1/2 EV Steps
Yes
Yes
p.148
ISO Corction in AUTO
ISO 200-800
Yes
Yes
p.121
ISO Snstvty Wrn Dspl
Off
Yes
Yes
p.122
Link AF Point and AE
Off
Yes
Yes
p.137
Meter Operating Time
10 sec
Yes
Yes
p.137
AE-L with AF locked
6
Default Setting
Off
Yes
Yes
p.131
Recordable Image No.
Remaining image
storage capacity
Yes
Yes
p.106
OK btn when shooting
Confirm
Sensitivity
Yes
Yes
p.126,
p.129
AE-L bttn on M expsr
Program Line
Yes
Yes
p.146
Appendix
Superimpose AF Area
On
Yes
Yes
p.128
AF in remote control
Off
Yes
Yes
p.107
FI with S lens used
Not available
Yes
Yes
p.107
Using aperture ring
Prohibited
Yes
Yes
p.188
Off
Yes
Yes
p.155
Digital Preview
Yes
Yes
p.153
1.2 times
Yes
Yes
p.107
Entire screen
Yes
Yes
p.119
sRGB
Yes
Yes
p.123
—
—
—
p.180
Release when Chrging
Preview Method
Mag to Strt Zm Plybk
Man. WB Measurement
Color Space
Reset Custom Fnction*
* Reset settings in [A Custom Setting] menu.
185
Fn Menu
Default Setting
Last
Memory
Setting
Drive Mode
9 (Single frame
shooting)
Flash Mode
Reset
Setting
Page
No*1
Yes
p.58,
p.60,
p.64,
p.149
g (Auto)
Yes
Yes
p.54
White Balance
F (Auto)
Yes
Yes
p.118
ISO Sensitivity
AUTO
Yes
Yes
p.121
Night Scene
Yes
Yes
p.50
—
Yes
No
p.85
Digital Filter
B&W
Yes*2
Yes
p.76
Slideshow
3sec
Yes
Yes
p.73
Item
Scene Mode
DPOF Settings
*1 Only continuous shooting settings are saved.
*2 The slimness setting for the slim filter, the softness setting for the soft filter, the brightness
setting for the brightness filter, and the color setting for the color filter are saved.
6
Appendix
186
Functions Available with Various
Lens Combinations
Lenses that can be used with this camera
Only DA and FA J lenses and D FA/FA/F/A lenses having an s position
on the aperture ring can be used with this camera. Refer to “Notes on
[Using Aperture Ring]” (p.188) for other lenses and D FA/FA/F/A lenses
with aperture ring set to a position other than s.
Lens [Mount type]
Function
Autofocus (Lens only)
(With AF adapter 1.7×)*1
DA/D FA/
FA J/FA lens
[KAF, KAF2]*3
F lens
[KAF]*3
Yes
Yes
—
—
—
Yes*5
A lens
[KA]
Manual focus
(With the focus indicator)*2
Yes
Yes
Yes
(With Matte field)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Eleven AF points
Yes
Yes
No*5
6
Power zoom
No
—
—
Appendix
Aperture Priority Auto Exposure
Yes
Yes
Yes
Shutter Priority Automatic Exposure
Yes
Yes
Yes
Manual Exposure
Yes
Yes
Yes
P-TTL Auto Flash*4
Yes
Yes
Yes
Multi (16-segment) metering
Yes
Yes
Yes
Automatic lens focal length acquirement
when using the Shake Reduction
function
Yes
Yes
No
Yes : Functions are available when the aperture ring is set to the s
position.
No : Functions are unavailable.
*1 Lenses with a maximum aperture of f/2.8 or brighter. Only available at s position.
*2 Lenses with a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or brighter.
*3 To use an F/FA soft 85 mm f/2.8 lens or FA soft 28 mm f/2.8 lens, set [Using aperture ring]
to [Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.106). Pictures can be taken with the
aperture you set, but only within manual aperture range.
*4 When using the built-in flash and AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ.
*5 The AF point becomes O (Center).
Lens names and mount names
FA prime lenses (non-zoom lenses) and DA, D FA, FA J and F lenses use
the KAF mount. Of the FA zoom lenses, power zoom enabled lenses use
the KAF2 mount. Lenses without power zoom use the KAF mount. See the
lens manual for details. This camera does not have a power zoom
function.
187
Lenses and accessories that cannot be used with this camera
When aperture ring is set at other than s (Auto) or a lens without a s
(Auto) position or accessories such as an auto extension tube or auto
bellows are used, camera does not operate unless [Using aperture ring] is
set to [Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu (p.107). Refer to “Notes
on [Using Aperture Ring]” (p.188) for restriction that apply when [Using
aperture ring] is set to [Permitted] in the [A Custom Setting] menu.
All camera exposure modes are available when using DA/FA J or lenses
with Aperture s (Auto) position set to that position.
6
Appendix
Lens and Built-in Flash
The built-in flash cannot be regulated and fully fires when pre A lenses or
soft focus lenses are used.
Note that the built-in flash cannot be used as the Auto Flash.
188
Notes on [Using Aperture Ring]
Aperture Ring Use
When [Using aperture ring] is set to [Permitted] in [A Custom Setting]
menu (p.107), the shutter can be released even if the aperture ring of the
D FA, FA, F or A lens is not set to the s position or a lens without a s
position is attached. However, the features will be restricted as shown in
the table below.
The camera operates in c (Aperture Priority) mode even if the mode dial is at
e or b when the aperture is set to a value other than s.
Lens used
6
Exposure mode
D FA, FA, F, A, M (lens
only or with auto
c (Aperture
diaphragm
Priority) mode
accessories such as
auto extension tube K)
Appendix
D FA, FA, F, A, M, S
(with diaphragm
accessories such as
extension tube K)
c (Aperture
Priority) mode
Manual diaphragm
lens such as reflex
lens (lens only)
c (Aperture
Priority) mode
FA, F Soft 85mm FA
Soft 28mm (lens only)
All lenses
Restriction
The aperture remains open
regardless of the aperture ring
position. The shutter speed changes
in relation to the open aperture but an
exposure error may occur. In the
viewfinder, [F--] appears for the
aperture indicator.
Pictures can be taken with the
specified aperture value but an
exposure error may occur. In the
viewfinder, [F--] appears for the
aperture indicator.
c (Aperture
Priority) mode
Pictures can be taken with the
specified aperture value in the manual
aperture range. In the viewfinder, [F--]
appears for the aperture indicator.
When depth of field is checked
(Optical Preview), AE Metering is
switched on. Exposure check is
possible.
a (Manual)
mode
Pictures can be taken with the set
aperture value and shutter speed. In
the viewfinder, [F--] appears for the
aperture indicator. When depth of field
is checked (Optical Preview), AE
Metering is switched on. Exposure
check is possible.
Cleaning the CCD
189
Shadows may appear in the image for white backgrounds and other
shooting conditions if the CCD becomes dirty or dusty. This indicates that
the CCD must be cleaned.
Removing Dust by Shaking the CCD
The Dust Removal function shakes the CCD to remove dust that has
collected.
1
Select [Dust Removal] in the
[H Set-up] menu and press the
four-way controller (p).
Dust Removal
Dust Removal
Start-up action
6
2
OK
Start
Press the 4 button.
The CCD operates and the Dust Removal function activates.
Select [Start-up action] and use the four-way controller (op) to select O
(On) to turn Dust Removal on every time the camera is turned on.
Appendix
MENU
190
Removing Dust with a Blower
Raise the mirror up and open the shutter to clean with a blower. Please
contact PENTAX service center for professional cleaning because the
CCD is a precision part. Cleaning services involve a fee.
You can use the Imagesensor Cleaning Kit O-ICK1 (optional) when
cleaning the CCD.
• Do not use a spray type blower.
• Do not clean the CCD when the exposure mode is set to p (Bulb) mode.
• Always cap the lens mount area to prevent dirt and dust from accumulating
on the CCD when no lens is on the camera.
• When the battery level is low, [Not enough battery remaining to clean sensor]
is displayed on the LCD monitor.
• If you are not using the AC adapter, please use batteries with ample capacity
remaining. A warning beep will sound if the battery capacity becomes low
during cleaning. Please stop cleaning immediately.
• Do not put the tip of the blower inside the lens mount area. If the power is
turned off, this could cause damage to the shutter or the CCD sensor.
6
Appendix
• It is recommended to use the AC adapter (optional) when cleaning the CCD.
• The self-timer lamp blinks and [Cln] appears on the LCD panel while cleaning
the CCD.
• This camera features a CCD shifting shake reduction system, and it may
generate some operating noise while cleaning the CCD. It is not a
malfunction.
1
Turn the camera off and remove the lens.
2
Turn the camera on.
3
Select [Sensor Cleaning] on the [H Set-up] menu.
4
Press the four-way controller (p).
The Sensor Cleaning screen appears.
5
191
Use the four-way controller
(m) to select [Mirror Up].
Sensor Cleaning
Mirror Up to Clean CCD
Turn the power OFF
to end
Mirror Up
Cancel
OK
6
OK
Press the 4 button.
The mirror is locked in the up position.
7
Clean the CCD.
Use a brush-less blower to remove dirt
and dust from the CCD. Using a blower
with a brush may scratch the CCD. Do
not wipe the CCD with a cloth.
9
Turn the camera off.
Attach the lens after the mirror returns to its original
position.
Appendix
8
6
192
Optional Accessories
A number of dedicated accessories are available for this camera. Please
contact a service center for details regarding accessories.
Products marked with an asterisk (*) are the same as those supplied with
the camera.
AC Adapter D-AC76
This AC adapter supplies power from the outlet into your camera.
Cable Switch CS-205
This is a remote shutter release cord. The cord length is 0.5 m.
Remote Control F
6
Lets you shoot pictures from within 5 m of the front of the camera.
Appendix
Flash Accessories
Auto Flash AF540FGZ
Auto Flash AF360FGZ
The AF540FGZ and AF360FGZ are P-TTL auto flash units with a
maximum guide number of 54 and 36 (ISO 100/m), respectively. Their
features include slave-sync flash, contrast-control-sync flash, Auto flash,
high-speed sync flash, wireless flash and front/rear curtain-sync flash.
Off-camera Shoe Clip CL-10
This is a setting clip for using the AF540FGZ or AF360FGZ as a wireless
slave flash.
Hot Shoe Adapter FG
Extension Cord F5P
Off-camera Shoe Adapter F
Use the adapters and cords to use the external flash away from the
camera.
193
For Viewfinder
Magnifier Eyecup O-ME53
This viewfinder is for magnifying up to 1.18 times and makes focusing
easier.
Magnifier FB
This viewfinder accessory is for magnifying the central area of the
viewfinder.
Ref-converter A
This is an accessory that changes the viewfinder viewing angle at 90°
intervals. The viewfinder magnification can be switched between 1× and
2×.
Diopter correction lens adapter M
This accessory adjusts the diopter. Install it on the viewfinder.
If it is difficult to see the viewfinder image clearly, choose one of the eight
correction lens adapter M of –5 to +3 m-1 (per meter).
ME Viewfinder Cap (*)
6
Eyecup FP (*)
Appendix
Camera Case
Camera Case O-CC53
Strap O-ST53 (*)
Others
Hot Shoe Cover FK (*)
USB Cable I-USB17 (*)
Video Cable I-VC28 (*)
Imagesensor Cleaning Kit O-ICK1
194
Error Messages
Error Message
Description
Memory card full
The SD Memory Card is full and no more images
can be saved. Insert a new SD Memory Card or
delete unwanted images. (p.29, p.79)
You may be able to save new images by
changing the quality level or recorded pixels.
(p.115, p.116)
No image
Camera cannot display
this image
6
There are no images for playback on the SD
Memory Card.
You are trying to play back an image in a format
not supported by this camera. You may be able
to play it back on another brand of camera or
your computer.
Appendix
No card in camera
The SD Memory Card is not inserted in the
camera. (p.29)
Memory card error
The SD Memory Card has a problem, and image
capture and playback are impossible. It may be
viewable on a PC but not with this camera.
Card not formatted
The SD Memory Card you have inserted is
unformatted or has been formatted on a
computer or other device and is not compatible
with this camera. Use the card after formatting it
with this camera. (p.169)
Card locked
Card is locked
Rotation information
cannot be saved
A locked SD Memory Card is inserted in the
camera. Unlock the SD Memory Card. (p.30)
This image is protected
Rotation information
cannot be saved
The selected rotated image is protected.
Remove protection from the image. (p.83)
Cannot use this card
The inserted card cannot be used on this
camera. Insert a usable card.
Battery depleted
The batteries are exhausted. Install new
batteries in the camera. (p.25)
Not enough battery
remaining
to clean sensor
Appears during CCD cleaning if battery set level
is insufficient. Replace the battery set with a new
one or use an AC adaptor (optional). (p.28)
195
Error Message
Description
Image folder could
not be created
The maximum folder number (999) and file
number (9999) are being used, and no more
images can be saved. Insert a new SD Memory
Card or format the card. (p.169)
The image is not stored
The image could not be saved because of an SD
Memory Card error.
Settings not stored
The DPOF settings file could not be saved
because SD Memory Card is full. Delete
unwanted images and set DPOF again. (p.79)
RAW images cannot be set
DPOF cannot be applied to the RAW images.
RAW images are
not supported
RAW images cannot be processed using the
digital filter.
No image to be filtered
When digital filter is started from [Q Playback]
menu, this message appears if all saved images
are RAW files or images captured with other
cameras.
This image cannot be
filtered
Appears when digital filter is started from Fn
menu for images captured with other cameras.
No file set with DPOF. Set DPOF and print.
(p.85)
Printer error
There is an error with the printer and the file
cannot be printed. Fix all the errors and try
printing again.
No paper in the printer
Printer has run out of paper. Put paper in printer
and print.
No ink in the printer
Printer has run out of ink. Replace ink and print.
Paper stuck in the printer
Paper is jammed in printer. Remove paper and
print.
Data error
A data error has occurred during printing.
6
Appendix
No DPOF files
196
Troubleshooting
We recommend checking the following items before contacting a service center.
Problem
Camera does
not turn on
Cause
Remedy
Batteries are not
installed
Check if batteries are installed. If not, install
batteries.
Batteries are not
installed properly
Check orientation of batteries.
Re-insert batteries according to the +symbols. (p.25)
Battery power is low
Replace with a charged battery set or use the
AC adapter. (p.28)
The lens aperture
ring setting is other
than the s position
Set the lens aperture ring to the s position
(p.139) or select [Permitted] in [Using
aperture ring] in the [A Custom Setting]
menu (p.188).
The shutter
Wait until charging is finished.
does not release Flash is charging
No available space on Insert SD Memory Card with available space or
SD Memory Card
delete unwanted images. (p.29, p.79)
Recording
6
Wait until recording is finished.
Appendix
Autofocus cannot focus well on subjects that
have low contrast (the sky, white walls), dark
colors, intricate designs, are moving quickly
or scenery shot through a window or a netSubject is difficult to
like pattern. Lock focus on another object
focus on
located at same distance (press shutter
release button halfway), then aim at target
and press shutter release button fully.
Alternatively, use manual focus. (p.132)
The Autofocus
does not work
Subject is not in
focusing area
Position subject in focus frame in middle of
viewfinder. If the subject is outside the
focusing area, aim the camera at the subject
and lock the focus (press shutter release
button halfway), then compose picture and
press the shutter release button fully.
Subject is too close
Move away from the subject and take a picture.
The focus mode is
set to \
Set the focus mode lever to =. (p.124)
The [AF Mode] in the
Set the [AF Mode] in the [A Rec. Mode] to
[A Rec. Mode] is
set to k
l (Single mode). (p.127)
(Continuous mode)
The Capture mode is
Set the Capture mode to setting other than
set to \ (Moving
\ (Moving Object) mode. (p.50)
Object) mode
197
Problem
Cause
Remedy
AE lock is not
AE lock function
available when set to Use AE lock with any setting other than a
does not
a (Manual) mode or (Manual) mode or p (Bulb) mode.
operate
p (Bulb) mode
Flash does not
discharge
Mode dial is set to
a (Flash OFF)
Set mode dial to any setting other than
a (Flash OFF). (p.50)
H (Scene) mode
is set to A (Night
Scene),
K (Sunset),
D (Candlelight) or
E (Museum)
Set H (Scene) mode to any setting other
than A (Night Scene), K (Sunset),
D (Candlelight) or E (Museum). (p.50)
The camera does
not have the power
zoom function
Use manual zoom. (p.53)
The transfer mode is
Set transfer mode to [PC].
USB connection set to [PictBridge]
with computer
An error occurred
does not work
while sending USB Change the transfer mode to [PC-F].
properly*
data
USB connection
with printer does The transfer mode is
Set transfer mode to [PictBridge]. (p.89)
not work
set to [PC] or [PC-F]
properly
6
Appendix
The power
zoom system
does not
function
When flash mode is
set to [Auto
discharge] or [Auto
Set flash mode to [Manual discharge] or
flash+Redeye
[Manl flash+Redeye reduct]. (p.54)
reduct], the flash will
not discharge if the
subject is bright
198
Problem
Shake
Reduction does
not work
Cause
Shake Reduction
function is off
Turn on the Shake Reduction switch.
Shake Reduction
function is not set
properly
If a lens for which focal length information
cannot be acquired is used, set the [Focal
Length] on the [Shake Reduction] menu.
(p.49)
Shutter speed is
slowed when
panning or shooting
Turn off the Shake Reduction function and
night scenes, etc.
use a tripod.
Shake Reduction
function exceeds
correction range
Subject is too close
6
Remedy
Move away from the subject, or turn off the
Shake Reduction function and use a tripod.
In rare cases, the camera may not operate correctly due to static
electricity. This can be remedied by taking the batteries out and putting
them back in again. When the mirror remains in the up position, take the
batteries out and put them back in again. Then, turn the power on. The
mirror will retract. After the procedure is done, if the camera operates
correctly, it does not require any repairs.
Appendix
*
Refer to p.11 of the “PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/PENTAX PHOTO
Laboratory 3 Operating Manual” for details on connecting the camera to a PC.
Main Specifications
199
Type
TTL autofocus, auto-exposure SLR digital-still camera with builtin retractable P-TTL flash
Effective Pixels
6.10 megapixels
Sensor
Total pixels 6.31 megapixels, interline/interlace scan CCD with
a primary color filter
Recorded Pixels
P (RAW: 3008×2008/JPEG: 3008×2000 pixels),
Q (2400×1600 pixels), R (1536×1024 pixels)
Sensitivity
Auto, Manual (200/400/800/1600/3200: Standard Output
Sensitivity)
File Format
RAW, JPEG (Exif2.21), DCF compliant, DPOF compatible, Print
Image Matching III compatible
Quality Level
|, C (Best), D (Better), and E (Good)
Storage Medium
Number of Shots
SD Memory Card, SDHC Memory Card
Capacity
Quality
Level
1 GB
512 MB
256 MB
128 MB
P
3008×2008
|
Approx. 90
Approx. 46
Approx. 22
Approx. 11
C
Approx. 330
Approx. 167
Approx. 78
Approx. 34
D
Approx. 607
Approx. 311
Approx. 149
Approx. 70
E
Approx. 966
Approx. 498
Approx. 242
Approx. 117
C
Approx. 459
Approx. 234
Approx. 111
Approx. 51
D
Approx. 807
Approx. 415
Approx. 201
Approx. 96
P
3008×2000
Q
2400×1600
R
1536×1024
E
Approx. 1397
Approx. 674
Approx. 330
Approx. 161
C
Approx. 880
Approx. 453
Approx. 220
Approx. 106
D
Approx. 1397
Approx. 722
Approx. 354
Approx. 173
Approx. 2151 Approx. 1115
Approx. 549
Approx. 271
E
Compression: C (Best) = 1/3, D (Better) = 1/6, E (Good) = 1/12
White Balance
Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Fluorescent Light (D: Daylight,
N: Neutral White, W: White), Tungsten Light, Flash, Manual
LCD Monitor
2.5 inch low-temperature wide viewing field poly-silicon TFT
color LCD with approx. 210,000 pixels (with backlight)
Playback Function
Single frame, nine-image display, zoom display (up to 12 times,
scrolling possible), rotating, slideshow, histogram, bright portion
Digital Filter
B&W, Sepia, Color, Soft, Slim, Brightness (only for processing
after shooting)
6
Appendix
Size
200
6
Exposure Mode
e Program, b Shutter priority, c Aperture priority, a Manual, p Bulb
Picture mode I Auto Picture, = Portrait, s Landscape,
q Macro, \ Moving Object, . Night Scene
Portrait, a Flash OFF
Scene mode
A Night Scene, i Surf & Snow, B Text, K Sunset,
C Kids, E Pet, D Candlelight, E Museum.
Shutter
Electronically controlled vertical-run focal-plane shutter, Speed
range (1) Auto 1/4000 to 30 sec. (stepless), (2) Manual 1/4000
to 30 sec. [1/2 EV step or 1/3 EV step] (3) Bulb, Electromagnetic
release, Shutter lock by setting Main switch in OFF position.
Lens Mount
Pentax KAF2 bayonet mount (AF coupler, lens information
contacts, K-mount with power contacts)
Lens Used
Pentax KAF2 (not power zoom compatible), KAF mount lenses, KA
mount lenses
Autofocus System
TTL phase-matching autofocus system (SAFOX VIII), AF
operational brightness range: EV 0 to 19 (at ISO 100 with f/1.4
lens), Focus lock available, Focus Mode: l (Single)/k
(Continuous)/\, Adjustable AF point
Viewfinder
Penta-mirror viewfinder, Natural-Bright-Matte II focusing screen,
Field of view: 96%, Magnification 0.85× (with 50 mm f/1.4 lens at
∞), Diopter: –2.5m-1 to +1.5m-1 (per meter)
Appendix
Focus information: ] is lit when in-focus and blinking when
unable to focus, b is lit=Built-in flash ready, b is blinking=Flash
should be used or incompatible lens is being used, Shutter speed,
Viewfinder Indication Confirm Sensitivity, Aperture value, e-dial enabled indicator,
@=AE lock, Capacity remaining, m=Exposure compensation,
k=Continuous mode, Picture mode icon, Scene mode icon,
\=Manual focus, o=ISO warning, Shake Reduction display
LCD Panel Display
b is lit=Built-in flash ready, b is blinking=Flash should be used or
incompatible lens is being used, E=Auto discharge, E>=Auto
flash+Redeye reduct, 9=Single frame shooting, j=Continuous
shooting, g=Self-timer, h=Remote control shooting, ?=Battery
exhaustion warning, ]=Auto bracketing exposure (exposure setting
steps can be set to 1/2 EV or 1/3 EV), M=Center-weighted metering,
N=Spot metering, V=AF Point Select, M=Center of AF Point,
Shutter speed, Aperture value, White Balance, Capacity remaining and
m=Exposure compensation, PC (mass storage)/Pb (PictBridge)
appears when the USB cable is connected
Preview Function
Digital Preview: Composition, exposure and focus confirmation
Optical Preview: Depth of field confirmation (electronically
controlled and usable in all exposure modes)
Self-timer
Electronically controlled with delay time of 12 sec./2 sec. (with
mirror up function). Start by pressing shutter release button.
Operation confirmation: Possible to set beep. Can be cancelled
after operation
Mirror
Quick-return mirror, mirror up function (2 sec. self-timer)
Auto Bracket
Three frames (under exposed, proper exposure and overexposed)
are shot continuously with exposure bracketing. (Selectable
between 1/2 EV and 1/3 EV for Exposure setting steps)
201
Exposure Meter/
Metering Range
TTL multi (16)-segment metering, Metering range from EV 1 to
EV 21.5 at ISO 200, with 50 mm f/1.4 lens, Center-weighted and
Spot metering mode can be set
EV Compensation
±2.0 EV (Selectable between 1/2 EV and 1/3 EV for Exposure
setting steps)
AE Lock
Button type (timer type default: 20 sec. or continuous as long as
the shutter button is halfway pressed)
Built-in Flash
P-TTL built-in flash with serial control, GN 15.6 (ISO 200/m),
Angles of coverage: 18 mm lens angle of view, Flash
synchronization speed range at 1/180 sec. and slower, Daylightsync flash, Slow-speed-sync flash, ISO range = P-TTL: 200 to 3200
External Flash Sync
Hot shoe with X-contact, which couples with Pentax dedicated auto flashes,
ISO range = P-TTL: 200-3200, Automatic flash, Red-eye reduction flash
function, High-speed-sync, wireless-sync with PENTAX dedicated flash.
Custom Function
18 functions can be set
World Time settings for 70 cities (28 time zones)
Dust Removal
SP coating and CCD operations for dust removal. Can be set to
operate when the camera is turned on.
Power
Two CR-V3, four AA lithium, AA Ni-MH rechargeable, or AA
alkaline batteries
Battery Exhaustion
Battery exhaustion symbol ? is lit. (The shutter is locked and
no indication appears in the viewfinder when ? starts blinking)
In/Out Port
USB/Video terminal (USB 2.0 (high speed compatible)), DC
input terminal, Cable switch terminal
Video Output Format NTSC/PAL
PictBridge
Compatible printer PictBridge-compatible printer
Print mode
Single Image, All Images, DPOF AUTOPRINT
Dimensions and
Weight
129.5 mm (W) × 92.5 mm (H) × 70 mm (D)
570 g (body only), 645 g (with two CR-V3 and an SD Memory Card),
665 g (with four AA alkaline batteries and an SD Memory Card)
Accessories
Hot shoe cover FK, Eyecup FO, ME viewfinder cap, Body mount
cover, USB Cable I-USB17, Video cable I-VC28, Software (CDROM) S-SW55, Strap O-ST53, Four AA alkaline batteries,
Operating Manual (this book) and PENTAX PHOTO Browser 3/
PENTAX PHOTO Laboratory 3 Operating Manual
Languages
English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Swedish, Dutch,
Russian, Korean, Chinese (Traditional / Simplified) and Japanese
Specifications for Remote Control F (Optional)
Remote Control
Power
Dimensions
Weight
Infrared remote control unit, captured about three seconds after remote
control shutter button is pressed or immediate capture on pressing the
button, operating distance = within approx. 5 m in front of the camera.
One lithium battery (CR1620)
22 mm (W) × 53 mm (H) × 6.5 mm (D)
7 g (including battery)
6
Appendix
Time Function
202
Glossary
AdobeRGB
Color space recommended by Adobe Systems, Inc. for commercial
printing. Wider range of color reproduction than sRGB. Covers most of the
color range so colors only available when printed are not lost when editing
images on a computer. When image is opened by non-compatible
software, the colors look lighter.
AE Metering
Brightness of subject is measured to determine exposure. In this camera,
select from [Multi-segment Metering], [Center-weighted Metering] and
[Spot Metering].
Aperture
The aperture increases or reduces the light beam (thickness) passing
through the lens to the CCD.
6
Appendix
Auto Bracket
For automatically changing the shooting conditions. When the shutter
button is pressed, three images are shot. The first one has no
compensation, the second is underexposed and the third is over-exposed.
Bright Portion
Overexposed area in the image loses contrast and appears white.
Camera Shake (Blur)
When the camera moves while the shutter is open, the entire image
appears blurred. This occurs more often when shutter speed is low.
Prevent camera shake by raising the sensitivity, using the flash, and
raising the shutter speed. Alternatively, use a tripod to stabilize the
camera. As camera shakes are mostly likely to occur when pressing the
shutter release button, use the Shake Reduction function, the self-timer,
the remote control unit, and the cable switch to prevent camera
movement.
CCD (Charge Coupled Devices)
Photography element which converts the light entering through the lens
into electric signals that create the image.
Color space
A defined range of colors from the spectrum which are used. In digital
cameras, [sRGB] is defined as the standard by Exif. In this camera,
[AdobeRGB] is also used because of the richer color expression over
sRGB.
203
Color Temperature
This numerically expresses the color of the light source illuminating the
subject. This is indicated in absolute temperature, using Kelvin (K) units.
The color of light shifts to a bluish color as the color temperature rises, and
to a reddish color as the color temperature falls.
DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System)
A digital camera file system standard established by the Japan Electronics
and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA).
Depth of Field
Area of focus. This depends on the aperture, lens focal length, and
distance to the subject. For example, select a smaller aperture to increase
the depth of field or use a larger aperture to decrease the depth of field.
EV (Exposure Value)
Exposure value is determined by the combination of the aperture value
and the shutter speed.
EV Compensation
Process of adjusting the image brightness by changing the shutter speed
and aperture value.
Exif (Exchangeable image file format for digital still camera)
A standard digital camera file format established by the Japan Electronics
and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA).
Appendix
DPOF (Digital Print Order Format)
Rules for writing information onto a card with recorded images regarding
the specific images and number of copies to be printed. Prints can easily
be made by taking images to a DPOF photo printing store.
6
204
Focus point
Position in the viewfinder that determines focus. In this camera, select
from [Auto], [Select] and [Center].
Histogram
A graph that shows the darkest and brightest points in an image. The
horizontal axis represents the brightness and the vertical axis represents
the number of pixels. This is useful when you wish to refer to the exposure
status of an image.
JPEG
An image compression method. The image is recorded in JPEG format
when the quality level is set to C (Best), D (Better), or E (Good).
Images recorded in JPEG format are suited for viewing on your PC or for
attaching to e-mail.
6
ND (Neutral Density) Filter
A filter with many saturation levels that adjusts the brightness without
affecting the picture itself.
Appendix
Noise Reduction
Process to reduce noise (image roughness or unevenness) caused by low
shutter speed.
NTSC/PAL
These are video output formats. NTSC is mainly used in Japan, North
America, and South Korea. PAL is mainly used in Europe and in China.
Quality Level
This refers to the image compression ratio. The lower the compression,
the more detailed the image. The image becomes rougher as the
compression rate rises.
| data
Unedited image data output from the CCD. RAW data is data before being
internally processed by the camera. Camera settings at the time of
capture, such as White Balance, Contrast, Saturation, Tone, Color Space,
Sensitivity and Sharpness can be set for each frame after shooting. In
addition, RAW data is 12 bit data that contains 16 times the information of
8 bit JPEG and TIFF data. Rich gradations are possible. Transfer RAW
data to your computer and use the provided software to create image data
with different settings, such as JPEG or TIFF.
205
Recorded Pixels
Indicates the size of the image by the number of pixels. The more pixels
that compose a picture, the larger the image size.
Sensitivity
The degree of light. With a high sensitivity, images can be shot with a
high shutter speed even in dark places, reducing camera shake.
However, images with high sensitivity are more susceptible to noise.
sRGB (standard RGB)
International standard of color space established by the IEC (International
Electrotechnical Commission). This is defined from color space for PC
monitors and is also used as the standard color space for Exif.
Vignetting
Vignetting occurs when corners of pictures are blackened because the
subject was blocked by the hood or filter or the flash was blocked.
White Balance
While shooting, color temperature is adjusted to match the light source so
that the subject appears to have correct color.
6
Appendix
Shutter Speed
The length of time that the shutter is open and light strikes the CCD. The
amount of light that strikes the CCD can be changed by altering the shutter
speed.
Index
206
Symbols
6
Appendix
[A Rec. Mode] Menu ...104, 182
[Q Playback] Menu ....104, 182
[H Set-up] Menu ..........105, 183
[A Custom Setting]
Menu ............................106, 184
I Auto Picture ............43, 50
= Portrait ...............................50
s Landscape .........................50
q Macro .................................50
\ Moving Object ...................50
. Night Scene Portrait ..........50
a Flash OFF ..........................50
A Night Scene ......................51
i Surf & Snow .....................51
B Text ....................................51
K Sunset .............................51
C Kids ...................................51
E Pet ....................................51
D Candlelight ........................51
E Museum ............................51
Q button .......................99, 101
i button ...............................100
K button ............................99
Z button ............................101
mc button ............................99
| Preview ....................152, 153
A
AC Adapter .............................28
Adding the Date .....................85
AdobeRGB ...........................123
AE lock .................................148
AE Metering .........................136
L button ..........................99
AF Mode ...............................127
AF Point ...............................128
AF360FGZ ........................... 160
AF540FGZ ........................... 160
k (Continuous mode) ..... 127
l (Single mode) ............. 127
Alkaline batteries .................... 26
Aperture ............................... 135
Aperture Priority Mode c ... 142
Auto Bracket ........................ 149
Auto Picture I ............ 43, 50
Auto Power Off ..................... 176
= (Autofocus) .................... 124
Autofocus = ...................... 124
Automatic Sensitivity
Correction ............................ 121
AV Equipment ........................ 75
c (Aperture Priority)
mode .................................... 142
B
B&W (Digital Filter) ................ 76
Batteries ................................. 25
Beep ..................................... 170
Bright .................................... 114
Bright Portion ............... 167, 178
Brightness (Digital Filter) ........ 76
Brightness of the LCD
Monitor ................................. 175
Built-in flash ................... 54, 154
p (Bulb) Mode ..................... 146
Bulb Mode p ........................ 146
C
Cable Switch ........................ 146
Candlelight D ........................ 51
Capture Information ......... 17, 18
Card access lamp .................. 15
CCD Cleaning ...................... 189
Center-weighted ................... 137
Cloudy (White Balance) .......118
Color (Digital Filter) ................76
Color space ..........................123
Color Temperature ...............119
Confirm Sensitivity ...............126
Continuous Autofocus ..........131
Continuous mode k .......127
Continuous Shooting ..............58
Contrast ................................117
Contrast-Control-Sync
Flash ....................................166
Correct exposure ..................134
CR-V3 ....................................26
Custom Function ..................106
[A Custom Setting]
Menu ............................106, 184
D
E
e-dial ......................................99
207
F
File # .................................... 177
Filter ....................................... 76
Fireworks ............................. 146
Fix Exposure ........................ 131
Fix Focus ............................. 130
Flash .............................. 54, 154
Flash (White Balance) .......... 118
Flash Compensation ............ 154
Flash Off ................................ 50
Flash OFF a ......................... 50
K (Flash pop-up)
button ..................................... 99
Fluorescent Light
(White Balance) ................... 118
{ button ........................ 99, 101
Fn Menu ............................... 108
Focus Indicator ............ 107, 132
Focus Lock ........................... 130
Focus mode lever .................. 99
Focusing .............................. 124
Folder Name ........................ 176
Format .................................. 169
Four-way controller
(mnop) .................... 99, 101
G
Guide display ................. 16, 174
6
Appendix
Date Adjust .............................35
Date change .........................170
Daylight (White Balance) ......118
Daylight-Sync Shooting ..........57
Default Setting ................33, 182
Delete .....................................79
Delete All Images ...................80
i (Delete) button .................100
Deleting a Single Image .........79
Depth of Field .......................135
Digital Filter ............................76
Digital Preview .....................152
Diopter Adjust .........................39
Direct Printing .........................88
Display Language ................174
Display Style ........................167
DPOF AUTOPRINT ...............95
DPOF Settings .......................85
Drive Mode ...........................108
Dust Removal .......................189
Error Message ..................... 194
EV Compensation ................ 147
mc (EV Compensation/Av)
button ..................................... 99
Exposure .............................. 134
Exposure metering timer ...... 150
Exposure Mode .................... 138
Exposure
Warning ................ 141, 143, 145
External flash ....................... 160
208
H
High-Speed Flash Sync
Mode ....................................162
Histogram .......................19, 178
I
Image Tone ..........................114
M button ..................99, 101
Instant Review ......................177
ISO Sensitivity ......................121
ISO Sensitivity Warning
Display .................................122
K
Kids C ...................................51
L
6
Appendix
Landscape s .........................50
Language ...............................33
Last Memory ........................182
LCD Monitor ...........................16
LCD panel ..............................22
Lens ...............................37, 186
Lens unlock button ...........38, 98
Lithium batteries .....................26
M
Macro q .................................50
Main switch ....................98, 100
\ (Manual focus) ..............132
Manual focus \ .................132
Manual White Balance .........119
Matte Field ...........................133
3 button .................99, 100
Menu Operation ...................102
Meter Operating Time ..........137
Mirror Up ........................67, 191
Mode dial ........................99, 110
Mode Palette ..........................52
Moving Object \ ...................50
Multiple Flashes ...................165
Multi-segment ...................... 136
Museum E ............................ 51
N
Natural ................................. 114
Night Scene A ...................... 51
Night Scene (Bulb Mode) ..... 146
Night Scene Portrait . .......... 50
Ni-MH ..................................... 26
Ni-MH rechargeable
batteries ................................. 26
Nine-Image Display ................ 71
Noise Reduction ................... 146
NTSC ................................... 175
O
4 button ...................... 99, 101
Optical Preview .................... 152
Optional Accessories ........... 192
P
e (Program) Mode .............. 139
PAL ...................................... 175
PC-F ..................................... 197
Pet E .................................... 51
PictBridge ............................... 88
Pixels ................................... 115
Playback .......................... 18, 68
Q (Playback) button ..... 99, 101
[Q Playback] Menu .... 104, 182
Playback Time ....................... 27
Portrait = ............................... 50
Power ..................................... 32
Press fully .............................. 45
Press halfway ......................... 45
Preview | .................... 152, 153
Preview Display ................... 178
Preview Method ................... 153
Print All Images ...................... 93
Print Service ........................... 85
Print Single Image .................. 91
Printer connection ..................90
Program Mode e .................139
Protect ....................................83
Z (Protect) button .............101
P-TTL (Auto) ........................161
P-TTL (Flash) .......................163
Q
Quality Level ..................31, 116
R
S
Saturation .............................117
H (Scene) ...........................50
SD Memory Card ...................29
Select&Delete ........................81
Self-Timer ...............................60
Sensitivity .............................121
Sepia (Digital Filter) ................76
[H Set-up] Menu ..........105, 183
Shade (White Balance) ........118
Shake Reduction ....................47
Sharpness ............................117
Shutter Priority Mode b ......140
Shutter release
button .......................45, 98, 100
Shutter speed .......................134
Single mode l ................127
Slideshow .......................73, 168
Slim (Digital Filter) ..................76
209
T
Text B .................................... 51
Transfer Mode ........................ 89
Tungsten Light
(White Balance) ................... 118
TV .......................................... 75
b (Shutter Priority) mode ... 140
U
USB cable .............................. 88
Using aperture ring .............. 188
V
Video cable ............................ 75
Video Output Format ............ 175
Viewfinder ........................ 20, 39
Vignetting ............................. 205
W
White Balance ...................... 118
Wireless Mode ..................... 162
World Time ........................... 171
Z
Zoom Display ......................... 70
Zoom Lens ............................. 53
6
Appendix
RAW .....................................116
Rear Curtain Sync Flash ......164
[A Rec. Mode] Menu ...104, 182
Recorded Pixels .............31, 115
Red-eye reduction ..........57, 164
Remaining image storage
capacity ..................................27
Remote Control ......................64
Reset ............................179, 180
Rotate .....................................69
Soft (Digital Filter) .................. 76
Spot Metering ....................... 137
sRGB ................................... 123
Strap ...................................... 24
Sunset K ............................. 51
Superimpose AF Area .... 21, 128
Surf & Snow i ..................... 51
210
6
WARRANTY POLICY
All PENTAX cameras purchased through authorized bona fide
photographic distribution channels are guaranteed against defects of
material or workmanship for a period of twelve months from date of
purchase. Service will be rendered, and defective parts will be replaced
without cost to you within that period, provided the equipment does not
show evidence of impact, sand or liquid damage, mishandling, tampering,
battery or chemical corrosion, operation contrary to operating instructions,
or modification by an unauthorized repair shop. The manufacturer or its
authorized representatives shall not be liable for any repair or alterations
except those made with its written consent and shall not be liable for
damages from delay or loss of use or from other indirect or consequential
damages of any kind, whether caused by defective material or
workmanship or otherwise; and it is expressly agreed that the liability of
the manufacturer or its representatives under all guarantees or warranties,
whether expressed or implied, is strictly limited to the replacement of parts
as hereinbefore provided. No refunds will be made on repairs by
nonauthorized PENTAX service facilities.
Appendix
Procedure During 12-month Warranty Period
Any PENTAX which proves defective during the 12-month warranty period
should be returned to the dealer from whom you purchased the equipment
or to the manufacturer. If there are no representatives of the manufacturer
in your country, send the equipment to the manufacturer, with postage
prepaid. In this case, it will take a considerable length of time before the
equipment can be returned to you owing to the complicated customs
procedures required. If the equipment is covered by warranty, repairs will
be made and parts replaced free of charge, and the equipment will be
returned to you upon completion of servicing. If the equipment is not
covered by warranty, regular charges of the manufacturer or of its
representatives will apply. Shipping charges are to be borne by the owner.
If your PENTAX was purchased outside of the country where you wish to
have it serviced during the warranty period, regular handling and servicing
fees may be charged by the manufacturer’s representatives in that
country. Notwithstanding this, your PENTAX returned to the manufacturer
will be serviced free of charge according to this procedure and warranty
policy. In any case, however, shipping charges and customs clearance
fees to be borne by the sender. To prove the date of your purchase when
required, please keep the receipt or bills covering the purchase of your
equipment for at least a year. Before sending your equipment for servicing,
please make sure that you are sending it to the manufacturer’s authorized
representatives or their approved repair shops, unless you are sending it
directly to the manufacturer. Always obtain a quotation for the service
charge, and only after you accept the quoted service charge, instruct the
service station to proceed with the servicing.
211
• This warranty policy does not affect the customer’s statutory
rights.
• The local warranty policies available from PENTAX distributors in
some countries can supersede this warranty policy. Therefore, we
recommend that you review the warranty card supplied with your
product at the time of purchase, or contact the PENTAX distributor
in your country for more information and to receive a copy of the
warranty policy.
6
Appendix
The CE Mark is a Directive conformity mark of the European
Union.
212
6
Appendix
For customers in USA
STATEMENT OF FCC COMPLIANCE
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
* Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
For customers in Canada
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Pour les utilisateurs au Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003
du Canada.
Declaration of Conformity
According to 47CFR, Parts 2 and 15 for
Class B Personal Computers and Peripherals
We:
PENTAX Imaging Company
A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc.
Located at:
600 12 th Street, Suite 300
Golden, Colorado 80401 U.S.A.
Phone: 303-799-8000 FAX: 303-790-1131
Declare under sole responsibility that the product identified herein
complies with 47CFR Parts 2 and 15 of the FCC rules as a Class B digital
device. Each product marketed is identical to the representative unit tested
and found to be compliant with the standards. Records maintained
continue to reflect the equipment being produced can be expected to be
within the variation accepted, due to quantity production and testing on the
statistical basis as required by 47CFR §2.909. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation. The above
named party is responsible for ensuring that the equipment complies with
the standards of 47CFR §15.101 to §15.109.
Product Name:
PENTAX Digital Still Camera
Model Number: s
Contact person: Customer Service Manager
Date and Place: July, 2007, Colorado
Information on disposal for users
1. In the European Union
If your product is marked with this symbol, it means that used
electrical/electronic products should not be mixed with general
household waste. There exists a separate collection system for
these products.
Used electric/electronic equipment must be treated separately
and in accordance with legislation that requires proper
treatment, recovery and recycling of these products.
Following the implementation by member states, private
households within the EU states may return their used
electrical/electronic equipments to designated collection
facilities free of charge*. In some countries your local retailer
may also take back your old product free of charge if you
purchase a similar new one.
*Please contact your local authority for further details.
By disposing of this product correctly you will help ensure that
the waste undergoes the necessary treatment, recovery and
recycling and thus prevent potential negative effects on the
environment and human health which could otherwise arise
due to inappropriate waste handling.
2. In other countries outside the EU
If you wish to discard this product, please contact your local
authorities and ask for the correct method of disposal.
For Switzerland: Used electrical/electronic equipment can be
returned free of charge to the dealer, even when you don’t
purchase a new product. Further collection facilities are listed
on the home page of www.swico.ch or www.sens.ch.
Memo
Memo
Memo
PENTAX Corporation
SLR Digital Camera
Operating Manual
Operating Manual
2-36-9, Maeno-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 174-8639, JAPAN
(http://www.pentax.co.jp/)
PENTAX Europe GmbH
Julius-Vosseler-Strasse 104, 22527 Hamburg,
(European Headquarters) GERMANY
(HQ - http://www.pentaxeurope.com)
(Germany - http://www.pentax.de)
PENTAX U.K. Limited
PENTAX House, Heron Drive, Langley, Slough, Berks
SL3 8PN, U.K.
(http://www.pentax.co.uk)
PENTAX France S.A.S.
112 Quai de Bezons, B.P. 204
95106 Argenteuil Cedex, FRANCE
(http://www.pentax.fr)
PENTAX Italia S.r.l.
Via Dione Cassio 15, 20138 Milano, ITALY
(http://www.pentaxitalia.it)
PENTAX (Schweiz) AG
Widenholzstrasse 1, 8304 Wallisellen, Postfach 367,
8305 Dietlikon, SWITZERLAND
(http://www.pentax.ch)
PENTAX Scandinavia AB P.O. Box 650, 75127 Uppsala, SWEDEN
(http://www.pentax.se)
PENTAX Imaging Company
A Division of PENTAX of America, Inc.
(Headquarters)
600 12th Street, Suite 300 Golden, Colorado 80401, U.S.A.
(PENTAX Service Department)
12000 Zuni Street, Suite 100B
Westminster, Colorado 80234,
U.S.A. (http://www.pentaximaging.com)
PENTAX Canada Inc.
1770 Argentia Road Mississauga, Ontario L5N 3S7,
CANADA
(http://www.pentax.ca)
http://www.pentax.co.jp/english
• Specifications and external dimensions are subject to change without notice.
57922
Copyright © PENTAX Corporation 2007
01-200705 Printed in Philippines
For optimum camera performance, please read
the Operating Manual before using the camera.