Casio EX-Z9 Digital Camera User Manual

WARNING
Read, understand, and follow all of the instructions and safety precautions in
this manual and on all product labels.
Failure to follow the safety precautions could result in serious injury or death.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
WELCOME
Thank you for purchasing a Polaris vehicle, and welcome to our worldwide family of Polaris enthusiasts. Be sure to visit us online at
www.polarisindustries.com for the latest news, new product introductions, upcoming events, career opportunities and more.
Here at Polaris we proudly produce an exciting line of utility and recreational products.
•
•
•
•
Snowmobiles
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
RANGER utility vehicles
Victory motorcycles
We believe Polaris sets a standard of excellence for all utility and recreational vehicles manufactured in the world today. Many years of experience have gone into the engineering, design, and development of your
Polaris vehicle, making it the finest machine we've ever produced.
For safe and enjoyable operation of your vehicle, be sure to follow the
instructions and recommendations in this owner's manual. Your manual
contains instructions for minor maintenance, but information about
major repairs is outlined in the Polaris Service Manual and should be
performed only by a Factory Certified Master Service Dealer (MSD)
Technician.
Your Polaris dealer knows your vehicle best and is interested in your
total satisfaction. Be sure to return to your dealership for all of your service needs during, and after, the warranty period.
We also take great pride in our complete line of apparel, parts and accessories, available through our online store at www.purepolaris.com. Have
your accessories and clothing delivered right to your door!
1
POLARIS and POLARIS THE WAY OUT are registered trademarks of Polaris Industries Inc.
Copyright 2007 Polaris Sales Inc. All information contained within this publication is
based on the latest product information at the time of publication. Due to constant
improvements in the design and quality of production components, some minor discrepancies may result between the actual vehicle and the information presented in this publication. Depictions and/or procedures in this publication are intended for reference use
only. No liability can be accepted for omissions or inaccuracies. Any reprinting or reuse
of the depictions and/or procedures contained within, whether whole or in part, is
expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
2008 IQ Shift Owner's Manual P/N 9921427
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
This section contains helpful information for owners and drivers and
illustrates the location of important identification numbers that should
be recorded in the owner's manual.
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
This section describes safe vehicle operation and identifies warning
decals and their locations.
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
This section identifies the locations of your snowmobile's controls and
features.
The Perfect Fit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
This section explains how to tailor the suspension and other features for
an optimum riding experience.
Pre-Ride Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
This section explains procedures that must be performed before riding.
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
This section explains proper engine break-in, operation of features and
general operating procedures.
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
This section defines your role, and your dealer's role, in your snowmobile's regular maintenance.
Polaris Products. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
106
107
112
121
124
3
INTRODUCTION
Vehicle Identification Numbers
Record your snowmobile's identification numbers and key number in
the spaces provided. Remove the spare key and store it in a safe place.
Your key can be duplicated only by mating a Polaris key blank with one
of your existing keys, so if both keys are lost, the ignition switch must
be replaced.
+
Vehicle Model Number: ___________________________________________________
Tunnel VIN (+)(right side of the tunnel):_______________________________________
Engine Serial Number (on recoil housing): ____________________________________
Key Number: ___________________________________________________________
Important Notes for Owners and Drivers
After reading this manual, store it in the snowmobile for convenient reference. It should remain with the snowmobile when the snowmobile is
sold.
Follow the maintenance program outlined in this manual. Preventive
maintenance ensures that critical components of the snowmobile are
inspected by your dealer at specific mileage intervals.
You and your dealer must complete the registration form included with
your snowmobile and forward it to us. This completed form is necessary to ensure warranty coverage.
Protect and preserve your right to ride by joining your local trail riding
clubs.
4
INTRODUCTION
Preservation of the Environment
Polaris is committed to supporting an environmental education campaign. We encourage governments to adopt rigorous safety training programs that encourage protection of our environment, including wildlife
and vegetation.
Snowmobile clubs and other organizations are working together to protect our environment. Please support their efforts and operate your
snowmobile with consideration for the protection and preservation of
our environment.
Noise Level
One of the most publicized issues about snowmobiles is noise. The
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the standard-setting body for
snowmobile development, recommends that snowmobiles conform to
prescribed sound levels.
Polaris snowmobiles are engineered to conform to these SAE standards.
Our muffler systems are designed to reduce noise levels and must not be
altered or removed. The sound of your snowmobile may not be welcome to non-snowmobilers, so you have a responsibility to operate your
snowmobile with concern for others. We do our part by manufacturing
quieter machines; we ask your help to further reduce the impact of noise
by operating your snowmobile safely and responsibly.
Air Pollution
Polaris engineers continuously investigate ways to reduce emission levels of two-stroke engines. We expect our efforts to lead to the reduction
of potential air pollution.
In addition to our technological research, we encourage government
agencies, manufacturers, distributors, dealers, ecologists, and other
interested parties to work together to develop data on environmental
topics.
5
SAFETY
Operator Safety
The following signal words and symbols appear throughout this manual
and on your vehicle. Your safety is involved when these words and symbols are used. Become familiar with their meanings before reading the
manual.
The safety alert symbol, on your vehicle or in this manual, alerts you to the
potential for injury.
WARNING
The safety alert warning indicates a potential hazard that may result in serious
injury or death.
CAUTION
The safety alert caution indicates a potential hazard that may result in minor
injury or damage to the vehicle.
CAUTION
A caution indicates a situation that may result in damage to the vehicle.
NOTE
A note will alert you to important information or instructions.
6
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Follow the recommended maintenance program beginning on page 66
of this manual to ensure that all critical components on the snowmobile
are thoroughly inspected by your dealer at specific mileage intervals.
WARNING
Driving a snowmobile requires your full attention. DO NOT drink alcohol or
use drugs or medications before or while driving or riding as a passenger.
They will reduce your alertness and slow your reaction time.
Snowmobiles are capable of traveling at high speeds. Use extra caution to
ensure operator safety. Make sure your snowmobile is in excellent operating
condition at all times. Always check major and vital safety components
before every ride.
All Polaris snowmobiles are designed and tested to provide safe operation
when used as directed. Failure of critical machine components may result
from operation with any modifications, especially those that increase speed
or power. DO NOT MODIFY YOUR MACHINE. The snowmobile may
become aerodynamically unstable at speeds higher than those for which it is
designed. Loss of control may occur at higher speeds. Modifications may
also create a safety hazard and lead to bodily injury.
The warranty on your entire machine is terminated if any equipment has
been added, or any modifications have been made, to increase the speed or
power of the snowmobile.
7
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Stay Clear of Track
Your snowmobile is propelled by a revolving track that must be partially
exposed for proper operation.
WARNING
Serious injuries may result if hands, feet, or
clothing become entangled in the track. Be
alert when riding, and remain properly
seated to stay clear of the track.
Never hold the snowmobile up or stand
behind it while warming up the track. A
loose track or flying debris could cause
serious injury or death. We recommend
having your dealer perform all track service
and alignment procedures.
Stay Clear of Engine
Never attempt adjustments with the engine running. Turn off the ignition, raise the hood, make the adjustment, secure shields and guards,
secure the hood, and then restart the engine to check its operation.
WARNING
Serious injury can occur if fingers or clothing contact the moving parts of an
engine. Always stop the engine before attempting adjustments.
Riding Position
Operating a snowmobile requires skill and balance for proper control.
Rider positions may vary with experience and the features available on
some snowmobiles, but under many conditions, the proper position is to
be seated with both feet on the running boards and both hands on the
handlebar grips for proper throttle, brake and steering control.
WARNING
Improper riding position may reduce control and could result in serious injury
or death. Always ride in a position that allows for control of your vehicle.
8
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Riding Apparel
Be prepared, be warm and be comfortable when riding. Be aware of the
weather forecast, especially the windchill, and dress accordingly. See the
chart on page 20.
WARNING
Avoid wearing loose clothing or
long scarves, which can become
entangled in moving parts and
cause serious injury.
Helmet
Wearing a helmet can prevent a severe head injury. Whenever riding a
Polaris vehicle, always wear a helmet that meets or exceeds established
safety standards.
Approved helmets in the USA and Canada bear a U.S. Department of
Transportation (DOT) label.
Approved helmets in Europe, Asia and Oceania
bear the ECE 22.05 label. The ECE mark consists
of a circle surrounding the letter E, followed by the
E4
distinguishing number of the country which has
051039
granted approval. The approval number and serial
0006.31
number will also be displayed on the label.
Eye Protection
Do not depend on eyeglasses or sunglasses for eye protection. Whenever riding a Polaris vehicle, always wear shatterproof goggles or use a
shatterproof helmet face shield. Polaris recommends wearing approved
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) bearing markings such as VESC
8, V-8, Z87.1, or CE. Make sure protective eye wear is kept clean.
9
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Survival Preparation
For your safety, always ride in a group of other snowmobilers. Always
tell someone where you're going and how long you expect to be gone. If
it isn't possible to ride with others, and you must travel into remote
areas, always carry survival equipment that's appropriate to the conditions you may encounter. Such equipment may include, but is not limited to: extra clothing, a sleeping bag, a flashlight, food and water, a
signaling mirror, a means of building a fire, and a two-way radio or cellular telephone.
For added protection, carry the following items on your snowmobile at
all times:
•
•
•
•
•
10
Spare Drive Belt
Extra Set of Spark Plugs
Tow Rope
Extra Oil
Fuel Deicer
•
•
•
•
•
Winter Survival Kit
Trail Map
Owner's Manual
First Aid Kit
Tool Kit
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Disabled Operators
Safe operation of this rider-active vehicle requires good judgement and
physical skills. Operators with cognitive or physical disabilities have an
increased risk of loss of control, which could result in serious injury or
death.
Rider Capacity
Your Polaris snowmobile is designed for a single rider only. Do not
carry a passenger.
Excessive Speed
WARNING
High speed driving, especially at night, could result in serious injury or death.
Always reduce speed when driving at night or in inclement weather.
Always observe all laws governing snowmobile operation and speed
limits. Always be alert and pay attention to the trail ahead. Multiplying
speed (MPH) by 1.5 will equal the approximate number of feet per second your machine travels. If your speed is 40 MPH, your machine is
traveling about 60 feet per second. If you look back for only two seconds, your machine will travel about 120 feet. If your speed is 60 MPH,
your machine will travel about 180 feet in two seconds.
Traveling at night requires extra caution. Check headlight and taillight
to ensure proper operation, and don't over-drive your headlight beam.
Always be able to bring your machine to a stop in the distance illuminated by the headlight.
11
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Driver Awareness
Slow down when traveling near poles,
posts, or other obstacles. Be especially
alert if you're snowmobiling after dark.
Always be on the alert for wire fences.
Single strands are especially dangerous,
since there may be a great distance
between posts. Guy wires on utility poles
are also difficult to distinguish.
Make sure the way is clear before crossing
railroads and other roads and highways.
The noise of your machine will drown out
the sound of approaching vehicles. Look
ahead, behind, and to both sides before
turning or crossing railroad tracks or highways. Steep embankments may also hide
your view. Always leave yourself a way
out.
R
R
Variances in snow depth and/or water currents may result in uneven ice
thickness. You may drown if you break through the ice. Avoid travelling on frozen bodies of water.
When teaching inexperienced operators to ride, set up a predetermined
course for practice. Make sure they know how to drive and control the
snowmobile before allowing them to make longer trips. Teach them
proper snowmobile courtesy, and enroll them in driver's training and
safety courses.
12
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Avalanches
Snowmobilers should always be properly
trained and equipped before traveling in
mountainous terrain:
•
•
•
•
Take an avalanche class
Travel with experienced people
Travel on designated trails
Make sure each person is equipped
with a shovel, probe and avalanche
beacon.
You don't have to be snowmobiling on a slope for an avalanche to occur.
Be aware that all of the snow is connected. You may be riding on a flat
slope or snow covered road, but if the snowpack above is unstable
enough you can trigger an avalanche on a steeper slope above you.
Always be aware of snow conditions above you as you travel in mountainous terrain.
Before riding in mountainous terrain, call or log on to your local avalanche advisory to get current weather and snow stability information.
For more information about avalanche training and avalanche conditions, contact local law enforcement in your area, or visit either the
American Avalanche Association online at www.americanavalancheassociation.org or the U.S. Forest Service National Avalanche Center at
www.avalanche.org.
13
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Ice and Snow Build-up
WARNING
Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, resulting in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice.
Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice
and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering. If difficulty
is encountered, remove ice and snow build-up that may be obstructing
the steering linkage.
Driving on Slippery Surfaces
WARNING
Never attempt an abrupt change of direction when operating on slippery surfaces. Proceed slowly and use extra caution.
Driving on ice or hard-packed snow reduces steering and braking control,
which may result in loss of control and serious injury or death. Slow down
and use extra caution when operating on slippery surfaces.
14
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Driving Downhill
When riding downhill, shift your weight to the rear of the machine and
reduce your speed to a minimum. Apply just enough throttle to keep the
clutch engaged, allowing the engine's compression to help slow the
machine and keep it from rolling freely downhill.
WARNING
When driving on long downhill stretches, pump the brakes. Riding the brakes
may cause the brake system to overheat, which may result in brake failure.
Excessive or repetitive use of the brakes for high speed stops will also cause
an overheated brake system. This condition may lead to a sudden loss of
brakes and/or fire and may result in serious injury or death.
15
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Driving in Hilly Terrain
WARNING
Climbing a hill or crossing the face of a slope may result in loss of balance
and machine roll-over, causing serious injury or death. Use caution and good
judgement when driving in hilly terrain.
Use extra caution when operating in hilly terrain. If climbing a hill is
unavoidable, keep your weight low and forward. If you must cross the
face of a slope, keep your weight on the uphill side of the machine to
maintain proper balance and avoid possible roll-over.
Slow down when reaching the crest of a hill. Be prepared to react to
obstacles, sharp drops or other people or vehicles that may be on the
other side of the hill.
If you're unable to continue up a hill, turn the machine downhill before
it loses momentum. If this isn't possible, spin the track just enough to
dig in to prevent it from rolling back down the hill. Stop the engine and
set the parking brake (if equipped). Keeping away from the downhill
side of the machine, pull the rear of the snowmobile around and point
the front end and skis downhill. Remount the machine, restart the
engine, release the parking brake, and descend the hill carefully.
16
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Drive Belt
Do not operate the engine with the drive belt removed.
Any servicing that requires operation without a belt must be performed
by your dealer. Operation of the engine with the belt removed may
result in injury or damage to the engine.
Intake Silencer
Do not operate the engine with the intake silencer or filter removed.
Damage to the engine may occur if the intake silencer or filter are
removed.
Clutches
Do not attempt to service the clutches.
All clutch service must be performed by your dealer. The clutch is a
complex mechanism that rotates at high speeds. Each clutch is dynamically balanced before installation. Any tampering may disrupt this precision balancing and create an unstable condition.
Cold Weather Drive-Away
Whenever your snowmobile has been parked for a length of time, especially overnight, always make sure the skis and track are loosened from
ice and snow before attempting to drive. Apply the throttle with enough
authority to put the machine into motion, but always operate within
safety limits.
Maneuverability
While much control and maneuverability is achieved through the steering system and skis, maximum control is achieved by the shifting of
your body weight. Maneuverability will change for lighter operators or
machines designed to carry a load.
17
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Inadequate Snow Conditions
WARNING
Do not drive for prolonged periods on blacktop, gravel, or ice. Doing so could
cause irreversible track damage and lead to serious injury.
Since snow provides the only lubrication for the power slide suspension
and, on liquid cooled models, cooling for the engine, adequate snow
cover is a requirement for operation of your machine. Driving in too little snow will result in excessive wear and damage to the slide rail, track
and/or engine.
If the machine becomes stuck in snow, clear the running board area of
snow, then step down the snow in front of the machine so that when the
throttle is opened, the snowmobile will be able to climb up and over the
snow.
CAUTION
When operating on icy surfaces or hard-packed snow, avoid overheating the
slide rail and track. Lack of lubrication and cooling will cause overheating of
the slide rail and track, resulting in premature wear and failure. If frequently
operating in low cooling conditions, see your dealer for an optional wheel kit
that will reduce the wear from overheating.
18
Operator Safety
SAFETY
Driving Responsibly
Every snowmobile handles differently, and even the most docile conditions may become dangerous if operators drive improperly. If you're
new to snowmobiling, acquaint yourself with the machine and with
what it will and won't do under various conditions. Even seasoned drivers should spend some time getting the feel for a machine before
attempting ambitious maneuvers.
• A snowmobile depends on the rider's body position for proper balance in executing turns, traversing hills, etc. Always start on a
smooth, level area to begin building your operating experience.
• Before allowing someone else use your snowmobile, know the extent
of their operating skills. Check to see if they've taken a snowmobile
safety course and have an operator's certificate. For their protection,
as well as yours, make sure they take a snowmobile safety course.
Everyone can benefit from the course.
• Don't "jump" your snowmobile. Jumping may injure your back
because of spinal compression. The seat and suspension of your
snowmobile have been designed to provide protection under normal
riding conditions. Your snowmobile is not intended for this kind of
use.
• Be courteous to oncoming traffic by dimming your headlights and
reducing your speed.
• When traveling in a group of snowmobiles, don't tailgate (follow too
closely). Leave enough distance between snowmobiles to provide
ample stopping room and to provide protection from flying snow and
debris. Allow even more distance when driving on slippery surfaces
or when driving in darkness or other low visibility conditions. Be
aware of any snowmobile traffic around your vehicle. Drive defensively to avoid accidents.
• Remove the key from the ignition when you leave the snowmobile
unattended.
19
SAFETY
Operator Safety
Windchill/Temperature Charts
The following information is provided to help you determine when temperatures become dangerous for riding.
WINDCHILL CHART (_F)
Wind
Speed
40
in
MPH
Actual Thermometer Reading (_F)
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10 -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45
Equivalent Temperature (_F)
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
5
36
31
25
19
13
7
1
-5
10
34
27
21
15
9
3
-4
-10 -16 -22 -28 -35 -41 -47 -53 -59 -66 -72
15
32
25
19
13
6
0
-7
-13 -19 -26 -32 -39 -45 -51 -58 -64 -71 -77
20
30
24
17
11
4
-2
-9
-15 -22 -29 -35 -42 -48 -55 -61 -68 -74 -81
25
29
23
16
9
3
-4
-11 -17 -24 -31 -37 -44 -51 -58 -64 -71 -78 -84
30
28
22
15
8
1
-5
-12 -19 -26 -33 -39 -46 -53 -60 -67 -73 -80 -87
35
28
21
14
7
0
-7
-14 -21 -27 -34 -41 -48 -55 -62 -69 -76 -82 -89
40
27
20
13
6
-1
-8
-15 -22 -29 -36 -43 -50 -57 -64 -71 -78 -84 -91
45
26
19
12
5
-2
-9
-16 -23 -30 -37 -44 -51 -58 -65 -72 -79 -86 -93
50
26
19
12
4
-3
-10 -17 -24 -31 -38 -45 -52 -60 -67 -74 -81 -88 -95
55
25
18
11
4
-3
-11 -18 -25 -32 -39 -46 -54 -61 -68 -75 -82 -89 -97
60
25
17
10
3
-4
-11 -19 -26 -33 -40 -48 -55 -62 -69 -76 -84 -91 -98
Frostbite in >> 30 min.
0
-5
-10 -15 -20 -25 -30 -35 -40 -45
Calm
-11 -16 -22 -28 -34 -40 -46 -52 -57 -63
10 min.
5 min.
WINDCHILL CHART (_C)
Wind
Speed
in
KPH
5
2
-1
-4
-7
-10 -13 -16 -19 -22 -25 -28 -31 -34 -37 -40 -43 -46
Actual Thermometer Reading (_C)
Calm
5
2
-1
-4
-7
-10 -13 -16 -19 -22 -25 -28 -31 -34 -37 -40 -43 -46
-11 -14 -18 -22 -25 -29 -32 -36 -39 -43 -46 -50 -53 -57
Equivalent Temperature (_C)
8
3
0
-
-7
16
2
-2
-6
-10 -13 -17 -21 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -50 -54 -58 -62
24
1
-3
-7
-11 -15 -19 -22 -26 -30 -34 -38 -42 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65
32
0
-4
-8
-12 -16 -20 -24 -28 -32 -36 -39 -43 -47 -51 -55 -59 -63 -67
40
-1
-5
-9
-13 -17 -21 -25 -29 -33 -37 -41 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -65 -69
48
-1
-5
-9
-13 -18 -22 -26 -30 -34 -38 -42 -46 -50 -54 -58 -62 -66 -70
56
-2
-6
-10 -14 -18 -22 -26 -31 -35 -39 -43 -47 -51 -55 -59 -64 -68 -72
64
-2
-6
-10 -15 -19 -23 -27 -31 -35 -40 -44 -48 -52 -56 -61 -65 -69 -73
72
-2
-7
-11 -15 -19 -23 -28 -32 -36 -40 -45 -49 -53 -57 -61 -66 -70 -74
80
-3
-7
-11 -15 -20 -24 -28 -33 -37 -41 -45 -50 -54 -58 -62 -67 -71 -75
88
-3
-7
-12 -16 -20 -24 -29 -33 -37 -42 -46 -50 -55 -59 -63 -67 -72 -76
96
-3
-8
-12 -16 -21 -25 -29 -34 -38 -42 -47 -51 -55 -60 -64 -68 -73 -77
Frostbite in >> 30 min.
20
10 min.
5 min.
Safety Decals and Locations
SAFETY
Warning decals have been placed on the snowmobile for your protection. Read and follow the instructions of the decals and other warnings
on the snowmobile carefully. If any of the decals depicted in this manual differ from the decals on your snowmobile, always read and follow
the instructions of the decals on the snowmobile.
If any decal becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris dealer
to purchase a replacement. Replacement safety decals are provided by
Polaris at no charge. The part number is printed on the decal.
Clutch Cover Warning
This warning decal is found under the hood on the clutch cover:
WARNING
Do not operate engine with hood open.
Do not attempt adjustment with engine running.
Do not operate engine with plenum/belt guard removed.
Never run engine with drive belt removed.
Never service clutches yourself -- see your dealer.
Pressure Cap Warning
This warning decal is found under the hood on the pressure cap of applicable liquid cooled models:
Do not open hot. Test or replace when changing coolant. Press
down and turn to release cap. 13 PSI
21
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Track Warning
+
The track warning decal is on the
rear of the tunnel:
Stay clear of track. Do not sit
on seat back. Entanglement
with the track or a fall from seat
back may result in severe
injury or death.
"No Passenger" Warning
The "NO PASSENGER" warning
decal is on the console below the
steering post:
WARNING
This vehicle is designed for
operator only.
“NO PASSENGER”
22
+
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Reverse Warning
+
The reverse warning decal is located
on the console below the windshield:
WARNING
Reverse operation, even at low
speeds, can cause loss of control
resulting in serious injury or
death. To avoid loss of control,
always:
• Look behind before and while
backing up.
• Avoid sharp turns.
• Shift to or from reverse only when stopped.
• Apply throttle slowly.
NOTE: For more information, see Owner's Manual.
If electric reverse:
• Machine stopped and engine at idle, push yellow button on LH control to reverse. Flashing light on dash indicates reverse operation.
• Push button again to return to forward.
Operation Warning
The operation warning decal is
located on the lower console. See
page 24 for the text.
+
23
SAFETY
Safety Decals and Locations
Operation Warning
• To avoid serious injury or death, read and understand all warnings
and the Owner's Manual before operation. If manual is missing, contact a Polaris dealer for a replacement.
• This vehicle is capable of high speeds. Buried objects or uneven
terrain can cause loss of control. Reduce speed and use extreme
caution when operating in unfamiliar terrain.
• Excessive speed, especially at night or with limited visibility, can
result in insufficient time for you to react to terrain changes, to
avoid unexpected obstacles, or to stop safely.
• Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this vehicle.
• In an emergency, push down the Auxiliary Shut-Off Switch, located
on the top of the throttle control assembly, to stop the engine. Then
pull the brake lever to stop.
• Always wear an approved helmet, eye protection, and adequate
clothing while operating this vehicle.
• This vehicle is designed for adult use only. Check local laws for age
requirements.
• When operating with a passenger (on approved models only)
reduce speed and allow extra space for steering and stopping. A
passenger reduces your ability to control the vehicle.
• When operating on hard-packed snow, ice, or when crossing roads,
steering and braking ability are greatly reduced. Reduce speed and
allow extra space to turn or stop.
• To maintain vehicle control on ice or hard-packed surfaces, you
should have a proper balance of ski carbides to track studs. See
Owner's Manual for proper use of traction products.
• Repeated stops from high speed may cause fading or sudden loss
of braking ability.
• Parking brake may relax when used for long periods. Do not leave
brake engaged for more than five minutes.
• Before starting engine, check throttle, brake, and steering for
proper operation. Make sure hood is latched. Be seated and in position to control the vehicle.
Oil injection system: Use unmixed fuel only. Check oil level when
refueling.
24
FEATURES
3
2
4
5
6
7
1
8
9
12
10
15
11
14
13
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Hood
Headlight
Windshield
Handlebar
Seat
Seat Storage Compartment
Taillights
Rear Bumper
Snow Flap
Suspension
Track
Console Storage Compartment (if equipped)
Skis
Nosepan
Front Bumper (do not use for pulling or dragging the snowmobile)
25
FEATURES
2
1
7
3
4
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
26
Fuel Filler Cap/Dipstick
Recoil Starter Handle
High Temperature Indicator
Reverse Indicator
Headlight Adjuster
Speedometer
Engine Stop Switch
Choke Lever
Ignition Switch
Brake Lever
Parking Brake
Handlebar Grip Warmer Switch
Thumbwarmer Switch
Electronic Reverse Button
Headlight Dimmer Switch
Throttle Control
8
9
6
10
11
12
15
13
14
16
FEATURES
Fuel Valve
The fuel valve is located under the
hood. Turn the fuel valve off whenever the snowmobile is stored or
parked.
1. Turn the valve clockwise to turn
off the fuel supply.
2. Turn the valve counter-clockwise to turn on the fuel supply.
ON
OFF
Adjustable Headlights
Adjust the headlight beam by moving the
adjuster to the left or right.
27
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
Independent Front Suspension (IFS)
Break in the suspension for about 150 miles (240 km) before making
any fine-tuning adjustments.
Settings will vary from rider to rider, depending on rider weight, vehicle
speed, riding style, and trail conditions. We recommend starting with
factory settings and then customizing each adjustment individually to
suit rider preference. The machine should be methodically tested, one
change at a time, under the same conditions (trail and snow conditions,
vehicle speed, riding position, etc.) after each adjustment until the best
ride is achieved.
IFS Components
1. Skis
1
2
2. Front shocks and springs
3. Rod ends
3
4. A-arms
IFS Adjustment Options
• Front shock spring preload
• Optional springs
• Optional shock valving
28
4
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
Shock Spring Preload
Increasing spring preload will increase
ski-to-ground pressure. Decreasing spring
preload will decrease ski-to-ground pressure. When adjusting, be sure the springs
on both the left and right sides of the
machine are at the same adjustment.
To change front shock spring preload,
grasp the spring and rotate it.
Increasing the spring preload too much
may adversely affect the handling of the
snowmobile and the performance of the
suspension. Never exceed one inch of preload beyond the factory settings, and
ensure that both sides are adjusted the
High
Low
same. When decreasing preload, make
Preload
Preload
sure at least two turns of preload are holding the spring between the retainer on the
top of the shock and the threaded spring
preload adjuster nut on the shock body. Failure to do so could cause the
retainer to fall off when the suspension is fully extended.
NOTE: Not all models have shocks with thread-adjustable spring preload. See your dealer for more information.
CAUTION
On some models equipped with a plastic adjuster nut, the nut will break if it is
unscrewed from the threaded body. Do not force the nut if resistance suddenly increases while you’re turning it.
29
THE PERFECT FIT
Front Suspension Adjustments
Shock Valving
Shocks can be revalved if spring preload alone isn't sufficient and further adjustment is desired to control suspension stiffness.
WARNING
Changing shock valving requires special tools and a sound knowledge of
mechanical theory, tool use, and shop procedures to perform the work safely
and correctly. Shocks contain high-pressure nitrogen gas. Use extreme caution when handling high-pressure service equipment. We recommend that
this work be performed by a Polaris dealer.
30
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Rider weight, riding style, trail conditions, and vehicle speed all affect
suspension action.
Each rear suspension can be adjusted to suit rider preference and deliver
excellent performance for a given set of conditions. However, all suspension designs and adjustments involve a compromise, or trade-off.
For example, a suspension set up for snowcross racing would provide a
very stiff ride on the trail. A suspension set up for trail riding would
bottom out harshly on a snowcross course.
Refer to the suspension setup label on your snowmobile, or see your
Polaris dealer for initial suspension setup information. Additional
adjustments can be made after initial setup. Make adjustments to one
area at a time so you can evaluate the change. For further assistance, see
your dealer.
31
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Suspension Performance Tips
• Rider weight usually determines the position at which the spring preload should be set. However, this may vary with riding style. With a
little experimentation, each rider can find a preferred setup. These
adjustments are easy to make, involve very little time or effort, and
greatly affect the ride.
• In deep snow, a new rail slide will offer improved performance over
worn rail slide. It can also improve top speed.
• When riding on ice or hard-packed snow, adding a set of bogie wheels
to the rail may enhance the machine's performance. Bogie wheel kits
are available from your dealer.
• Polaris offers track kits for improved flotation in deep snow. See
your dealer for assistance.
NOTE: Keep the suspension pivot points lubricated. This will reduce
moisture and rust build-up and ensure proper function of the
suspension components. Grease rear suspension pivots
before adjusting the rear suspension. Refer to Suspension
Maintenance beginning on page 102.
Track Tension
Track adjustment is critical for proper handling. Always maintain correct tension and alignment. Refer to the track tension maintenance section beginning on page 94.
32
THE PERFECT FIT
Rear Suspension Adjustments
Initial Spring Preload Setting (Sag Method)
To set up the rear suspension torsion
spring preload, measure the distance
between the ground and rear
bumper. This is measurement X.
Take the first measurement with no
rider and with the rear suspension at
full extension.
X
NOTE: The rear bumper may need
to be lifted upward slightly
to fully extend the rear suspension.
Next, have the rider drop down hard
on the seat and bounce up and down
several times, collapsing the rear
suspension. With the rider seated,
measure the distance between the
ground and the rear bumper at the
exact location used for measurement
X. This is measurement Y.
Y
To determine sag, commonly referred to as ride-in, subtract measurement Y from X (sag=X-Y). If the measured sag is incorrect, adjust the
FRA position and/or rear torsion spring preload.
Suspension Recommended Sag
IQ (121)
4-5 inches (10-13 cm)
Adjustment
Torsion Spring
Preload
See
Page
34
NOTE: This is only an initial setup, and final spring preload may vary
based on rider preference and riding conditions.
33
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments
Torsion Spring Preload
To adjust rear torsion spring preload, rotate the three-position cam using
the engine spark plug tool. Adjustment is easiest when the cam is
rotated from low to medium, and then to high. Rotating directly from
low to high will require significantly more effort.
Different rate torsion springs are available if a firmer ride is desired. See
your dealer for more information.
Soft
Medium
Limiter Strap Position (Ski Pressure)
Ski pressure is set at the factory to
deliver the optimum balance
between ride and handling. If a
rider prefers more ski pressure for
improved steering performance,
adjustments can be made to the
front limiter straps. Tighten the
straps to increase ski pressure.
Loosen the straps to reduce ski
pressure.
Upper
Nuts
1. Remove the nuts and flat
washers from the upper limiter
straps.
2. Relocate the straps to the desired position.
3. Reinstall the nuts and washers. Tighten securely.
34
Firm
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments
Rear Shock Compression Damping (Premium Shocks)
A
B
Turn the adjustment knob on the shock
reservoir to make adjustments to the
compression damping. Positions are
labeled on the shock. When adjusting,
we recommend that you turn the
adjuster slightly, then test ride.
•Turn the knob clockwise (A) for a
stiffer ride.
•Turn the knob counter clockwise (B)
for a softer ride.
35
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments
Suspension Coupling
On all Polaris snowmobile rear suspensions, there are two torque arms
that control the movement of the rail beam. Prior to the advent of suspension coupling, these torque arms could move independently of each
other. Rear suspension coupling links the movement of the front and
rear torque arms to each other.
There are two types of rear suspension coupling.
Front To Rear Coupling and the Front Rear Scissor Stop
(FRSS)
This type of coupling is available as an accessory for your model.
The front rear scissor stop (FRSS) couples the movement of the front
torque arm with the rear torque arm and limits the amount of independence between the movement of the front torque arm and the rear torque
arm.
When hitting a bump, the front torque arm starts to compress. The FRSS
links that movement to the rear torque arm, causing it to compress and
raise the rear suspension up as one, allowing the suspension to hit the
bump only once and reducing kickback.
The factory setting is usually adequate for all riders and conditions.
36
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments
Suspension Coupling
Rear To Front Coupling and the Rear Rear Scissor Stop
(RRSS)
The rear rear scissor stop (RRSS) couples the movement of the rear
torque arm with the front torque arm and limits the amount of independent movement between the rear torque and the front torque arm.
Adjusting the RRSS either allows more weight to transfer to the rear for
more traction, or allows less weight to transfer to the rear, resulting in
improved cornering performance. An adjustment dot is located on the
RRSS. This dot is on the longest end of the scissor stop.
Rear Rear Scissor Stop (RRSS) - Attributes
Moving the RRSS to a higher position will have the following effects on
the suspension:
• Reduced weight transfer.
• Improved chatter bump ride.
• Improved cornering performance.
37
THE PERFECT FIT
IQ Rear Suspension Adjustments
Weight Transfer During Acceleration
The preferred method for controlling
weight transfer during acceleration is
by adjusting the rear rear scissor stop
( RRSS). The factory setting is the
best for most trail riding conditions.
To decrease weight transfer under
acceleration (for improved cornering), rotate the RRSS to a higher
position.
To increase weight transfer or ski lift
during acceleration, rotate the RRSS
to a lower position.
NOTE: Your dealer can help you
with initial setup and additional setup instructions to
help you achieve your optimum ride. A scissor stop tool
is also available from your
dealer.
38
HIGH
LOW
LOW
MEDIUM
Accessories
THE PERFECT FIT
Polaris offers a wide range of accessories for your snowmobile to help
make each ride more enjoyable.
Use only Polaris parts and accessories on your Polaris snowmobile. Use
of unapproved parts and accessories may result in:
• Non-compliance with government/industry requirements
• Voiding of warranty
• Injury to self or others
This applies, but is not limited to the following areas: brakes, clutches,
fuel systems, and exhaust systems.
• Exhaust systems are critical safety areas that must use approved
Polaris parts. Please see your Polaris dealer for service.
39
THE PERFECT FIT
Handlebar Adjustments
When making handlebar adjustments, always be sure the handlebars,
brake lever and throttle lever operate smoothly and do not contact the
fuel tank, windshield or any other part of the vehicle when the handlebars are turned fully to the left or right.
Upper
Bolts
Lower
Bolts
Handlebar Position
Follow these steps to adjust handlebar position.
1. Remove the handlebar cover.
2. Loosen the four upper and four lower adjuster block bolts.
3. Adjust the handlebar to the desired position.
4. Torque the front bolts first, then torque the rear bolts. Torque the
bolts to 15-17 ft. lbs. (20-23 Nm).
5. Reinstall the handlebar cover.
40
Handlebar Adjustments
THE PERFECT FIT
Handlebar Angle
Follow these steps to adjust handlebar angle at the handlebar block.
1. Remove the handlebar cover.
2. Loosen the four upper adjuster block bolts.
3. Adjust the handlebar to the desired angle.
4. Torque the bolts to 15-17 ft. lbs. (20-23 Nm).
5. Reinstall the handlebar cover.
41
THE PERFECT FIT
Traction Products
Studs
Before equipping your machine with traction products, be aware of the
laws in your area pertaining to the use of traction products.
Use only Polaris traction products on your snowmobile. Track warranties are void if track damage or failure results from improper or excessive stud installation or the use of non-Polaris traction products.
See your dealer about installing studs and/or carbides.
CAUTION
Always install wear strips before installing studs. Failure to install wear strips
may result in cooler or tunnel damage. See page 43.
Never add shims to the wear strip. Track damage will result because of lack
of clearance between upper carrier wheels and track.
Use of studs longer than the recommended length on machines equipped
with center coolers will result in center cooler damage or damage to the tunnel.
Track studding will enhance braking control on hard-packed snow or
ice, but extreme caution is still required on such surfaces. Steering ability may be reduced on hard-packed snow or ice.
When studded tracks are used, increased wear to the brake pads will
result from increased braking. Extended-wear brake pad kits are available. See your dealer.
CAUTION
Aggressive studding patterns may require grinding protruding stud bolts flush
to prevent idler wheel damage. Maintain track tension on studded tracks on
the tight side of the spec to prevent heat exchanger damage. The center of
the stud must be at least 1 1/8I (2.86 cm) from the outside edge of the track.
42
Traction Products
THE PERFECT FIT
nCarbide Skags
A skag is a replaceable bar attached to the underside of the ski to assist
in turning the snowmobile and to prevent ski wear caused by contact
with roads and other bare terrain. Use carbide skags with studded tracks
to help maintain proper vehicle steering and control. See page 101.
If your machine has carbide skags, it may be necessary to add track
studs to maintain proper vehicle control. Maintain a proper balance
between the number of studs and the length of carbide on the skags (the
more studs you use, the longer the carbide on the skags should be). See
your dealer's track studding chart.
Wear Strips
To avoid excessive tunnel wear, tunnel wear strips must be installed
whenever track studding is used. Wear strips are designed for a specific
stud length. See your dealer's studding chart for recommended traction accessories.
CAUTION
Whenever wear strips are relocated, be sure there's adequate stud clearance
to the heat exchangers. Lack of clearance may result in damage to heat
exchangers.
43
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Pre-Ride Checklist
Inspect all items on the checklist for proper operation or condition
before each use of the snowmobile. Procedures are outlined on the referenced pages. Look for a checkmark (n) on the referenced pages to
locate the pre-ride inspection items.
Item
Drive Belt Condition
See Page
91, 93
Steering System
48
Recoil Rope
49
Coolant Level
80
Parking Brake Lock/Brake Lever/Brake System
46, 47, 85
Auxiliary Shut-Off Switch (Engine Stop Switch)
50
Ignition Switch
50
Taillight/Brakelight/Headlight
50
Suspension Mounting Bolts
102
Skags (Wear Bars)
101
Ski Spindle Bolts
102
Hood Straps/Latches
49
Seat Latches (if equipped)
N/A
Throttle Lever/Safety Switch
60, 61
Rear Wheel Idler Bolts
97
Tether Switch/Strap (accessory)
50
Track Alignment/Condition
48, 98
Rail Slide Condition
102
Chaincase Oil Level
72
Injection Oil Level
57
44
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
WARNING
Worn, damaged, or malfunctioning components may cause serious injury or
death. Before starting the engine, check all components to be sure of proper
operation.
Read and Understand Your Owner's Manual
Read the Owner's Manual completely and refer to it often. The manual
is your guide to safe and enjoyable snowmobiling experience.
n Throttle Lever
The throttle and brake are the primary controls of your snowmobile.
Always make sure both are functioning properly.
Squeeze the throttle lever to make sure it compresses evenly and
smoothly. When released, the lever should immediately return to the
idle position without binding or hesitation. If the throttle does not function smoothly, or if you discover excessive lever freeplay, DO NOT start
the engine. Have the throttle serviced immediately.
n Throttle Safety Switch
Test the throttle safety switch system before the machine is operated.
See page 60.
45
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Brakes
Always check the following items for proper operation before starting
the engine.
Brake Lever Travel
Squeeze the brake lever. It
should move no closer to the
handgrip than 1/2I (1.3 cm).
A smaller distance indicates
low brake fluid level or air in
the hydraulic system. Refer
to the brake bleeding information on page 87 or see
your dealer for service.
1/2I (1.3 cm)
Lever Feel
If the brake lever feels “spongy” when squeezed, check the brake fluid
level and condition. Add fluid as needed. See page 86.
WARNING
Continued use of “spongy” brakes may cause a complete loss of brakes,
which could result in serious injury or death. Always have the brakes serviced at the first sign of sponginess.
46
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Parking Brake Lever Lock
Use the parking brake lever lock only when you want the machine to
remain stationary; for example, when parked on an incline for a period
of five minutes or less.
1. Brake Lever
2. Parking Brake Lever
Lock
3
1
2
4
3. Master Cylinder Reservoir/ Cover
4. Fluid Level Indicator
Lock Engagement
To engage the lock, squeeze
the brake lever tightly and
push forward on the lock.
Hold the lock forward while
releasing the brake lever.
NOTE: If the brake lever is squeezed tightly enough, the lock will move
freely into place. Do not force the lock or it may break.
The brake light will illuminate if the parking brake lever lock is set
while the engine is running. It will also illuminate when the service
brake is in use. If the parking brake light does not come on when the
parking brake or service brake is in use, have it serviced by your dealer.
Lock Release
To release the lock, squeeze the brake lever tightly. The lock will return
to the unlock position.
WARNING
If the parking brake lever lock is partially or entirely engaged while riding, the
brakes may overheat, resulting in brake damage. In extreme cases it could
cause a fire, which could result in serious injury or death. Always ensure that
the lever lock is completely disengaged before operating the snowmobile.
47
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Steering System
WARNING
Ice and snow build-up may interfere with the steering of your machine, resulting in serious injury or death. Keep the underhood area free of snow and ice.
Before driving, manually turn the skis to the left and right to be sure ice
and snow are not interfering with full left and right steering. If difficulty
is encountered, remove ice and snow build-up that may be obstructing
the steering linkage.
n Track
WARNING
Operating the snowmobile with a damaged track increases the possibility of
track failure, which could cause loss of control resulting in serious injury or
death. Always inspect the track for damage before using the vehicle.
Use of traction products such as studs increases the possibility of track damage and/or failure. Driving at high speeds for extended periods of time in
marginal lubrication could severely damage track rods, break track edges,
and cause other track damage. Examples of marginal lubrication would
include frozen bodies of water without snow cover, icy trails, and no-snow
conditions.
NOTE: Track damage or failure caused by operation on ice or poor
lubrication conditions voids the track warranty.
48
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Before Starting the Engine
n Hood Latches
The hood of the snowmobile protects the operator from moving parts as
well as aiding in sound emission control and other functions. Under no
circumstances should your snowmobile be operated with the hood open
or removed. Always ensure that the hood straps are in good condition
and that the latches are securely in place before operating the snowmobile.
n Recoil Rope
Inspect the recoil rope and handle for excessive wear, and make sure the
knot securing the rope inside the handle is secure. If excessive wear is
found, see your Polaris dealer for replacement.
49
PRE-RIDE INSPECTIONS
Start the Engine and Check
Before starting the engine, always refer to all safety warnings pertaining
to snowmobile operation. Never start your snowmobile without checking all components to be sure of proper operation. See Before Starting
the Engine beginning on page 45.
n Engine Stop Switch
Check the auxiliary shut-off switch for proper operation. Push the
switch down to stop the engine. Pull it up to allow restarting.
n Ignition Switch
Make sure the engine stops when the ignition switch is turned to OFF.
n Tether Switch (if equipped)
If your machine has a tether switch, remove the tether from the switch to
make sure the engine stops immediately.
n Lighting
Check the headlight (high and low beam), taillight, and brake light.
Replace burned out lamps before operating.
n Mirrors (if equipped)
Adjust the mirrors so they can be used to their full advantage.
n Operating Area
Before driving away, check your surroundings. Be aware of obstacles
and make sure bystanders are a safe distance from the machine.
50
OPERATION
Starting the Engine
CAUTION
Engaging the starter when the engine is running WILL result in serious
engine damage, especially if the transmission is in reverse. Never engage
the starter when the engine is running.
1. Turn the fuel valve on. See
page 27.
CHOKE POSITIONS
2. Turn the key to the ON
position.
OFF
3. Pull the engine stop switch
up to the RUN position.
4. If starting a cold engine,
flip the choke toggle to
FULL CHOKE. Do not use
the choke if starting a warm
engine.
1/2 CHOKE
FULL CHOKE
NOTE: Do not depress the throttle until the engine starts.
CAUTION
Don't pull the starter rope to the fully extended position and don't allow it to
snap back into the housing. Damage may result.
To avoid injury and/or engine damage, do not operate the electric starter or
pull-rope starter while the engine is running.
5. If equipped with electric start, turn the key to START to crank the
engine. Release the key to the ON position when the engine starts.
6. If not equipped with electric start, grasp the starter handle and pull
slowly until the recoil engages; then pull abruptly to crank the
engine.
7. Repeat the cranking procedure as needed until the engine starts.
8. After the engine starts, flip the choke toggle to the OFF position. If
the engine slows or wants to stop, use intermittent choking to the
HALF CHOKE position.
51
OPERATION
Emergency Stopping
The following chart lists methods for stopping the snowmobile in the
event of an emergency. See page 60 for more information about the
engine stop switch and throttle safety switch.
SYSTEM
WHAT IT DOES
THROTTLE
CONDITION
Ignition Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Brake
Slows jackshaft
All
Choke
Floods engine
Half throttle or less
Engine Stop Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Throttle Safety Switch
Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Tether Switch (accessory) Interrupts ignition circuit
All
Engine Break-In
No single action on your part is as important to long, trouble-free
machine life as proper break-in of a new or rebuilt engine. Premix the
first tank of fuel with one pint of Polaris injection oil for each five gallons of fuel. This, in addition to the lubrication supplied by the injection
system, will assure proper engine break-in.
CAUTION
Excessive heat build-up during the first three hours of operation will damage
close-fitted engine parts. Do not operate at full throttle or high speeds for
extended periods during the first three hours of use. Vary the throttle openings and machine speeds to reduce friction on all close-fitting machined
parts, allowing them to break in slowly without damage.
Use of any lubricants other than those recommended by Polaris may cause
serious engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris lubricants for
your vehicle.
Drive with extra caution during the break-in period. Perform regular checks
on fluid levels, lines, and all other important areas of the machine.
52
OPERATION
Engine Break-In
Oil Injection System
Always check and fill the oil tank when refueling. See page 57.
CAUTION
Serious engine damage can occur without the proper lubrication. Check the
oil tank level often during the first tank of fuel. If the oil level doesn't go down,
contact your dealer immediately.
Oil Recommendations
This snowmobile is equipped with a variable exhaust system (VES).
Engine lubrication comes from oil added to the fuel and oil injection
systems. Polaris recommends the use of VES II 2 Cycle Oil for this
engine. See page 106 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Never mix brands of oil. Serious chemical reactions can cause injection
system blockage, resulting in serious engine damage. Oils may also be
incompatible and the result could be sludge formation, filter blockage,
and reduced cold weather flow rates. All Polaris oils are compatible
with each other.
Slide Rail and Track Cooling
CAUTION
Inadequate cooling and lubrication will lead to overheating of the slide rail
and track, resulting in premature wear and failure. Reduce speeds and frequently drive into fresh snow to allow adequate cooling and polishing of the
slide rail and track surfaces. Avoid operating on ice, hard-packed surfaces or
roads.
53
OPERATION
Track Warm-Up
WARNING
A loose track or flying debris could cause serious injury or death. Stand clear
of the front of the machine and the moving track. Never hold the snowmobile
up or stand behind it while warming up the track. Do not use excessive throttle during warm-up or when the track is free-hanging. Use a stable rear support.
WARNING
Use of traction products such as studs, ice growsers, etc. will increase the
possibility of track damage and/or failure. This could cause loss of control,
resulting in serious injury or death. Always inspect for track damage before
operating the snowmobile.
Follow these steps to ensure proper warm-up of the engine, drive train
and track.
1. Use an appropriate stand to securely support the rear of the snowmobile at the rear
bumper. The track should be about 4I (10
cm) off the ground.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up
two to three minutes.
3. Depress the throttle abruptly and allow the
track to rotate several revolutions.
NOTE: It will take longer to warm up the track
sufficiently during colder outdoor temperatures.
4. Release the throttle, apply the brakes, shut off the engine and lower
the machine to the ground.
5. Grasp the skis by their front loops and move them from side to side
to loosen snow and ice.
54
OPERATION
Fuel
WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive under certain conditions.
•
•
•
•
•
Always exercise extreme caution whenever handling gasoline.
Always refuel outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
Always turn off the engine before refueling.
Do not overfill the tank. Do not fill the tank neck.
Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks in or near the area where
refueling is performed or where gasoline is stored.
• If gasoline spills on your skin or clothing, immediately wash it off with soap
and water and change clothing.
• Never start the engine or let it run in an enclosed area. Engine exhaust
fumes are poisonous and can cause loss of consciousness or death in a
short time.
• Turn the fuel valve off whenever the snowmobile is stored or parked.
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to cause
cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Operate this vehicle only
outdoors or in well-ventilated areas.
55
OPERATION
Fuel
For peak performance, Polaris recommends the use of 91 octane or
higher fuel. Although 87 octane fuel is usable, some engine performance will be lost and fuel economy will decrease. Do not use lower
than 87 octane fuel. Do not use fuel containing more than 10% ethanol
(including E85).
CAUTION
Operating with obstructed fuel systems will result in serious engine damage.
Perform maintenance as recommended.
Prolonged exposure to petroleum based products may damage paint.
Always protect painted surfaces when handling fuel.
Fuel System Deicers
If you use non-oxygenated fuel, Polaris recommends the regular use of
isopropyl-based fuel system deicer. Add one to two ounces per gallon
(8-16 ml per liter) of gasoline to prevent engine damage resulting from
fuel system icing and lean fuel mixtures. Never use deicers or additives
containing methanol. Polaris also recommends the use of Carbon Clean
Plus. See page 106 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
If you use oxygenated fuel containing ethanol, additional alcohol deicers or water absorbing additives should not be used.
56
OPERATION
n Oil
Low Oil Indicator Light
The low oil indicator light will alert the operator if the oil level is low.
Visually check for oil in the bottle. Add oil before further operation of
the snowmobile. See page 53 for oil recommendations.
Low Oil Level
Maintaining the proper oil level will prevent system aeration and possible loss of pumping action, which could result in engine damage. This is
especially important when the machine is operated in mountainous terrain.
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile without adequate engine lubrication can result in
serious engine damage. Always check the oil level when refueling. Add oil
as needed.
Always maintain a visible level of oil in the tank. If oil is not visible,
continued operation may cause serious engine damage. See page 53 for
oil recommendations.
The Polaris oil cap on the oil bottle is vented to allow proper oil flow.
See your Polaris dealer for recommended replacement parts.
57
OPERATION
Carburetion
Proper carburetor adjustment is critical. A lean mixture (too much air,
too little fuel) may result in piston burning, bearing failure, or complete
engine failure. A rich mixture (too much fuel, too little air) may foul
plugs and cause generally poor engine performance.
A lean mixture may be caused by things like fuel line restrictions, foreign matter in the carburetor or clogged fuel filters. A rich mixture may
be caused by snow build-up on the pre-filter in the air intake system.
Either condition may be caused by improper carburetor adjustment.
WARNING
Improper carburetor adjustments may result in operator safety hazards as
well as serious engine damage. Always have your Polaris dealer perform
any carburetor adjustments.
58
OPERATION
Carburetion
Jetting Guidelines
Changes in altitude and temperature affect air density, which is the
amount of oxygen available for combustion. In low elevations and cold
temperatures, the air has more oxygen. In higher elevations and higher
temperatures, the air is less dense.
The carburetors are calibrated for an altitude of 0-2000 ft. (0-600 m) and
ambient temperatures between -15_ to +5_ F. (-26_ to -15_ C). Carburetors must be re-calibrated if the snowmobile is operated outside this
production temperature and/or altitude range. The main jet installed in
production is not correct for all altitudes and/or temperatures. See page
78 for more information.
CAUTION
A main jet that's too small will cause a lean operating condition and may
cause serious engine damage. Jet the carburetors carefully for elevation and
temperature according to the jetting charts in your Owner's Manual Supplement.
NOTE: It's the owner's responsibility to ensure that the correct jets are
installed in the machine for a geographical area. Be very careful when jetting down in warm weather. As the weather turns
colder it will be necessary to re-jet upward to prevent engine
damage. When selecting the proper main jet always use the
lowest elevation and temperature that is likely to be encountered.
59
OPERATION
n Engine Stop Switch
Push down on the engine
stop switch (+) to ground
out the ignition and stop
the engine quickly. Pull
the switch up to the ON
position to allow restarting.
+
n Throttle Safety Switch
The throttle safety switch is designed to stop the engine whenever all
pressure is removed from the throttle lever and the throttle cable or
valves do not return to the normal closed position.
WARNING
Operating the snowmobile with a faulty throttle safety switch can result in
serious injury or death in the event of an accident. If the throttle safety switch
does not shut off the engine during a carburetor/throttle system malfunction,
immediately push down the engine stop switch. Do not start the engine
again until the malfunction has been corrected by your dealer.
Test the throttle safety switch
system daily before operation.
1. Sit on the seat.
2. Start the engine and allow it
to idle.
3. Hold the throttle lever pin
stationary by exerting pressure on the pivot pin in the direction
shown in the illustration.
4. Apply a slight amount of throttle. A properly functioning switch
must shut down the engine.
60
OPERATION
Throttle Lever
WARNING
An improperly functioning throttle lever may cause erratic machine behavior
and loss of control, which could result in serious injury or death. If the throttle
lever does not work properly, DO NOT start the engine.
If the engine stops abruptly when the throttle lever is released:
1. Turn the ignition switch to OFF.
2. Visually inspect the throttle cable and carburetor to determine what
caused the safety switch to activate.
3. Test the throttle lever by compressing and releasing it several times.
The lever and cable must return to the idle position quickly and
completely.
4. If the throttle lever operates properly, turn the ignition switch on and
go through normal starting procedures.
5. If the engine doesn't start, take the snowmobile to an authorized
Polaris dealer for service.
Excessive freeplay in the throttle cable may cause the safety switch to
activate, preventing the engine from starting. If this occurs, return the
machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service.
If an emergency exists and it's necessary to start the engine, the throttle
safety switch and engine stop switch may be disconnected from the wire
harness. When these switches are disconnected, the ignition key switch
must be used to shut off the engine. DO NOT continue to operate the
machine with the throttle safety switch disconnected. Return the
machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for service as soon as possible.
61
OPERATION
Electronic Reverse (PERCt)
Electronic reverse will activate only if the engine RPM is below 4000.
WARNING
Improper reverse operation, even at low speeds, may cause loss of control,
resulting in serious injury or death. Damage will occur to the chaincase or
transmission if shifting is attempted when the engine is operating above idle
speed.
• Shift to or from reverse only when the snowmobile is stopped and when
engine speed is at idle.
• Look behind the vehicle before and while backing.
• Avoid sharp turns.
• Apply throttle slowly.
Engaging Reverse
1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the engine idling.
2. Make sure the area behind your vehicle is clear.
3. Push the yellow reverse button on the left-hand control for one second, then release. The engine will automatically reduce RPM and
start a reverse rotation. A flashing reverse light on the instrument
panel will indicate that the machine is in reverse.
4. Apply the throttle slowly to make sure the machine is in reverse.
NOTE: The maximum engine RPM will be 6000 when in reverse.
NOTE: If the engine stops running, the snowmobile will be in forward
gear when it's restarted.
Disengaging Reverse
1. Stop the snowmobile and leave the engine idling.
2. Push the yellow reverse button for one second and release. The
engine will slow and and begin to rotate forward. The light on the
instrument panel will shut off.
3. Apply the throttle slowly to make sure the machine is in forward.
62
OPERATION
Towing
Do not use the front bumper to pull or drag the snowmobile. The front
bumper is not designed for this type of use and may detach from the
vehicle if force is applied.
For your safety, do not attempt to use a tow hitch until you've read the
following warnings and understand the proper hitch functions.
WARNING
Objects towed with a rope have no braking power and can easily collide with
the rear of the snowmobile or other objects, resulting in serious injury or
death. DO NOT tow toboggans, sleds, saucers, or any type of vehicle with a
rope. Only a stiff metal pole connecting the towed object and the tow hitch
on the snowmobile should be used. If passengers are to be towed on a
toboggan or sled, make sure the pole is at least four feet (1.2 meters) long to
prevent any possibility of contact between the snowmobile's track and a person riding in the towed object.
Braking distances increase when towing loads. Slow down to maintain control of the snowmobile.
If the snowmobile becomes inoperable and must be towed, and if it isn't
possible to use a rigid tow bar, attach the tow rope to the ski spindles
(not to the ski loops) to prevent damage to the steering components.
Remove the drive belt before towing, and have someone ride on the
towed snowmobile to operate the brake and steering when necessary.
CAUTION
Towing a disabled snowmobile with the drive belt in place can result in serious damage to the engine and drive system. Always remove the drive belt
from a disabled snowmobile before towing.
63
MAINTENANCE
Emission Control Information
Any qualified repair shop or qualified person may maintain, replace, or
repair the emission control devices or systems on your snowmobile.
Emission Control Label
Your snowmobile is equipped at the time of sale with an emission control information (ECI) label and a factory-installed emissions information hangtag. These items are required by U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency regulations. The ECI label is permanently affixed to
either the right side of the tunnel or the engine recoil cover. The ECI
label should not be removed, even after you purchase the snowmobile.
You may remove the factory-installed emissions information hangtag,
which is intended solely for your use in making a purchasing decision.
Emission Control Maintenance Requirements
Your snowmobile is certified to operate on gasoline with a minimum
octane level of 87 (R+M)/2. The emission control system designation
per SAE J1930 is EM. If your snowmobile is equipped with a check
engine light and it comes on, you must take your snowmobile to a qualified dealer for diagnostic service. Specifications and adjustments for
engine tune-ups are located in the Service Manual, which is available to
your qualified service technician. Reverse (if equipped) must not be
engaged during engine tune-ups.
64
Emission Control Information
MAINTENANCE
Owner's Responsibilities
Please read the Snowmobile Engine Emissions Limited Warranty on
page 119, and read the maintenance section of your owner's manual.
You are responsible for ensuring that the specified maintenance is performed, including the emission-related maintenance outlined in these
sections of the manual.
You must inspect the air intake system on your snowmobile prior to
each use (including the airbox foam filter and hood foam filters) and
clean these components as necessary. Polaris considers the specified
maintenance for the spark plugs, oil changes, air intake system and
exhaust valves to be critical emission-related maintenance. The specified maintenance for the fuel filter is recommended additional emissionrelated maintenance. Polaris recommends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be necessary.
65
MAINTENANCE
Polaris Recommended Maintenance Program
To ensure many trouble-free miles of snowmobiling enjoyment, follow
recommended regular maintenance and perform service checks as outlined in this manual. Record maintenance and service in the Maintenance Log beginning on page 121.
The recommended maintenance schedule on your snowmobile calls for
service and maintenance inspections at 150 miles (240 km), 500 miles
(800 km) and 1000 miles (1600 km). These inspections should be performed by a qualified service technician. For continued optimum performance and component life, continue maintenance checks at 1000
mile (1600 km) intervals.
All necessary replacement parts and labor incurred, with the exception
of authorized warranty repairs, become the responsibility of the registered owner. If, during the course of the warranty period, part failures
occur as a result of owner neglect in performing recommended regular
maintenance, the cost of repairs are the responsibility of the owner.
Personal safety is critical when attempting to service or make adjustments to your snowmobile. If you're not familiar with safe service or
adjustment procedures and the use of tools, or if you don't feel comfortable performing these tasks yourself, contact an authorized Polaris
dealer for service.
CAUTION
Hot components can cause damage to plastic. Always make sure the
exhaust system and engine have cooled before tipping the snowmobile on its
side for service or inspection.
66
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
The following chart is a guide based on average riding conditions. You
may need to increase frequency based on riding conditions. When
inspection reveals the need for replacement parts, always use genuine
Polaris parts, available from your Polaris dealer.
Item
See
Page
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
I
I
PreSeason
CLUTCH
Clutch Alignment Offset
(without belt)
90
I
Drive Belt Condition
91
I
I
I
Clutches (disassemble)
90
C
C
C
Belt Tension
--
I
I
I
I
Clutch Sheaves
90
I
I
I
I
I
ENGINE/COOLING
Engine Mounts
--
I
I
I
I
Recoil Rope
--
I
I
I
I
Engine Torque Stop
93
I
I
I
I
Cylinder Head Bolts
--
I
I
I
Cylinder Base Nuts
--
I
I
I
Ignition Timing BTDC
--
I
I
I
VES System
--
C
C
C
I
Coolant Level
80
I
I
R
I
Coolant Hose
--
I
I
I
I
Heat Exchangers
82
I
I
I
I
Coolant Circulation
--
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Coolant Leaks
--
Spark Plug Condition
75
Exhaust Pipe
83
Exhaust Retaining
Springs
83
I
I
I
I - Inspect (clean, adjust, tighten, lubricate, replace if necessary)
C - Clean
R - Replace
L - Lubricate
67
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
Item
See
Page
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
PreSeason
BRAKES
Hose Routing
--
I
I
I
I
Hose Condition
--
I
I
I
I
Fluid Leaks
--
I
I
I
I
Brake Pads
85
I
I
I
I
Brake Disc
--
I
I
I
I
Parking Brake
47
I
I
I
Brake System
46, 85
Brake Fluid
I
I
86
R
FUEL MANAGEMENT
Pilot Air Screws
--
I
I
I
Carburetor
(synchronize)
78
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Idle RPM
--
Throttle Lever
61
Oil Pump Lever
(synchronize)
--
I
I
I
Throttle Cable
71
L
L
L
Choke Cable
71
L
L
L
Choke
71
I
I
I
Vent Lines
--
I
I
I
Throttle Position
Sensor
--
I
I
I
Fuel Lines
77
I
I
Fuel Filter
77
R
R
Oil Filter
76
R
R
Oil Lines
76
I
I
I
Air Box
--
I
I
I
I
Drain and Water Traps
79
I
I
I
Auxiliary Shut-Off
Switch
60
I
I
I
I
I
Throttle Safety Switch
60
I
I
I
I
I
Ignition Switch
--
I
I
I
I
I
Taillight
50
I
I
I
I
I
Brakelight
50
I
I
I
I
I
Headlight
50
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
ELECTRICAL
68
MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Interval Table
Item
See
Page
Frequency
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
PreSeason
CHASSIS
Ski Toe Alignment
--
I
I
I
Suspension Mounting
Bolts
--
I
I
I
I
I
Steering Fasteners
--
I
I
I
I
C
Rear Suspension Fasteners
--
I
I
I
I
I
Suspension Shock Oil
--
I
I
I
I
Cooling Fins and
Shroud
--
I
I
I
I
Drive Shaft Bearing
71
L
L
L
I
Jackshaft Bearings
104
L
L
L
I
Skags (Wear Bars)
101
I
I
I
I
I
Ski Saddle/Spindle
Bolts
--
I
I
I
I
I
Drive Chain Tension
84
I
I
I
I
I
Hood Latches
49
I
I
I
I
I
Rear Wheel Idler Bolts
97
I
I
I
I
I
Idler Bolt Jam Nut
97
I
I
I
I
Rear Suspension Pivot
Shafts
70
L
L
Steering Post U-Joint
70
L
L
Camber Alignment
--
I
I
I
I
L
L
Handlebar Centering
--
Tether Switch and Strap
50
I
I
I
I
I
Track Alignment
98
I
I
I
I
I
Track Tension
96
I
I
I
I
I
Front Limiter Strap
--
I
I
I
I
Rail Slide Condition
102
Chaincase Oil
72
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I - Inspect (clean, adjust, tighten, lubricate, replace if necessary)
C - Clean
R - Replace
L - Lubricate
69
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
Front Suspension
The front suspension does not require lubrication.
Rear Suspension
Lubricate the suspension pivot shafts with Polaris Premium All Season
Grease at 500 miles (800 km) initially, every 1000 miles (1600 km) after
that, and before off-season storage each year. Lack of lubrication will
adversely affect your ride and the life of the suspension. For more information about suspension lubrication and adjustments, see your Polaris
dealer.
+
+
+
+
70
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
Driveshaft Bearing
Inject grease into the fitting on the
speedometer sensor housing until
grease purges from the seal on the
inside of the tunnel. This should
take approximately two pumps. Do
not use more than four pumps.
+
Throttle Cable
Lubricate the throttle cable lightly
with grease or oil. With the engine
off, turn the handlebars to the left
and lubricate liberally as shown.
+
Choke and Choke Cable
Lubricate the choke slide and cables
lightly with oil or grease. Before
turning the engine off, operate the
choke intermittently to draw moisture out of the choke plunger area
and reduce the possibility of the
choke becoming frozen.
+
71
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication
n Chaincase Oil
Check the chaincase oil level at the
intervals outlined in the maintenance
charts beginning on page 66. The sight
glass (1) is located on the lower rear of
the chaincase. Maintain the oil level at
or slightly below the center of the sight
glass (2). Change the chaincase oil after
the first 500 miles (800 km), then every
1000 miles (1600 km) or seasonally.
Polaris recommends the use of Polaris
Synthetic Chaincase Lube. See page
106 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
3
1
Oil Check
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. View the oil level at the sight glass.
3. Remove the fill plug (3) and add the
recommended oil as needed. Do not
overfill.
4. Reinstall the fill plug, making sure it
is seated properly.
72
2
Lubrication
MAINTENANCE
Chaincase Oil
Oil Change
1. Position the vehicle on a level surface.
2. Remove the drain plug (4) and drain
the oil into a drain pan. Allow the oil
to drain completely.
4
3. Clean off all metal shavings from the
plug.
4. Install a new sealing washer on the drain plug.
NOTE: The sealing surfaces on the drain plug and the oil tank should
be clean and free of burrs, nicks or scratches.
5. Reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 6-10 ft. lbs. (8-13 Nm).
6. Remove the fill plug. Clean off all metal shavings from the plug.
7. Add 11 oz. (325 ml) of the recommended oil. Do not overfill.
8. Reinstall the fill plug, making sure it is seated properly.
73
MAINTENANCE
Spark Plugs
A new engine can cause temporary spark plug fouling due to the preservative added during the assembly process. Avoid prolonged idle speeds,
which cause plug fouling and carbonization.
Refer to your Owner's Manual Supplement for the specific spark plug to
be used in your machine.
Change the spark plugs every 2000-2500 miles (3200-4000 km).
CAUTION
Using non-recommended spark plugs can result in serious engine damage.
A spark plug with a heat range too high will always cause engine damage if
the engine is operated in conditions more severe than intended for that plug.
Always use the spark plugs recommended for your snowmobile. See your
Owner’s Manual Supplement.
•
•
•
•
Use recommended spark plugs with the proper gap.
Use only resistor-type spark plugs.
Torque spark plugs to 18-22 ft. lbs. (24-30 Nm).
Always carry spare spark plugs.
Spark plug condition is indicative of engine operation. The spark plug
firing end condition should be read after the engine has been warmed up
and the vehicle has been driven at higher speeds. Immediately check the
spark plug for correct color.
WARNING
A hot exhaust system and engine can cause serious burns. Wear protective
gloves when removing a spark plug for inspection.
NOTE: Incorrect fuel mixture can often cause a spark plug to appear
too dark or too light in color. Before changing spark plug heat
ranges, be sure the correct main jet is installed in the carburetor(s). Refer to the Owner's Manual Supplement or see your
dealer.
74
MAINTENANCE
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Condition
Normal Plug
The normal insulator tip is gray, tan or light brown. There will be few
combustion deposits. The electrodes are not burned or eroded. This
indicates the proper type and heat range for the engine and the service.
NOTE: The tip should not be white. A white insulator tip indicates
overheating, caused by use of an improper spark plug or incorrect carburetor/throttle body adjustments.
Wet Fouled Plug
The wet fouled insulator tip is black. A damp oil film covers the firing
end. There may be a carbon layer over the entire nose. Generally, the
electrodes are not worn. General causes of fouling are excessive oil, use
of non-recommended injection oil, improper use of the choke, or incorrect carburetion adjustments.
Spark Plug Removal and Replacement
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
2. Rotate the spark plug counterclockwise to remove it.
3. Reverse the procedure for spark plug installation.
4. Torque to 18-22 ft. lbs. (24-30 Nm).
5. Reinstall the spark plug cap.
75
MAINTENANCE
Intake Filters
The intake foam filters
limit snow ingestion into
the intake system. When
operating in loose powder
snow, check the foam filters periodically to remove
any accumulation of snow.
+
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile with the intake filters removed may cause carburetor icing. The result will be poor fuel economy or carburetor malfunction.
Always reinstall the intake filters before operating the snowmobile.
Oil Lines
Inspect oil line condition every 1000 miles (1600 km).
Oil Filter
The oil filter is located at the side of
the oil tank. Have your dealer change
the oil filter and bleed the system
annually or every 1000 miles (1600
km).
NOTE: The direction of the arrows
indicates the direction of
flow through the filter.
76
MAINTENANCE
Fuel Pump
All fuel pump service must be performed by an authorized Polaris
dealer. Do not attempt to service the fuel pump.
Fuel Filter/Fuel Lines
See your Polaris dealer for replacement of the in-tank fuel filter every
1000 miles (or annually).
Inspect the fuel lines regularly for signs of deterioration or damage.
Always check fuel line condition after periods of storage. Normal deterioration from weather and fuel compounds may occur. Replace worn
or damaged fuel lines promptly.
CAUTION
Kinking the fuel lines or using a pliers or similar tools to remove fuel lines
may cause damage to the lines. If a fuel line has been damaged or kinked,
replace it promptly.
77
MAINTENANCE
Carburetor
The number stamped in the end of the main jet indicates the jet size.
The jet installed at the time of manufacture is not necessarily correct for
your elevation. It's your dealer's responsibility to make sure the correct
main jet is installed.
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile with incorrect jetting can result in serious engine
damage. Have your Polaris dealer perform all carburetor adjustments to
ensure all adjustments are done correctly.
Carburetor Adjustments
The frequency at which the carburetors are synchronized or balanced is
important. Properly adjusted carburetors can greatly improve engine
performance, fuel economy, engine life, and reliability.
If you notice any of the following conditions, the carburetor may need
adjustment:
•
•
•
•
•
78
Hard starting
Poor idle
Overheated pistons and cylinder walls
Plug fouling
Poor engine response to various throttle valve openings
MAINTENANCE
Carburetor Water/Sediment Trap
Most Polaris snowmobiles contain patented carburetor bowl water/sediment traps located at the bottom of each carburetor. The trap, consisting
of a hose with a plug, should be drained about every 1000 miles (1600
km) and inspected for contamination.
WARNING
When draining the traps, fuel spillage will occur. Always work in a well ventilated area away from anything that may cause the fuel to ignite, such as open
flames, sparks, heaters, trouble lights, cigarettes, etc. Review the fuel warnings on page 55.
Cleaning Procedure
1. Turn the fuel valve off.
2. Place a container or shop
towels below the plug to
catch drained fuel.
3. Slide the clamp (1) away
from the drain plug (2) and
remove the drain plug from
the sediment tube.
4. Wipe residue from the plug
and reinstall it. Reposition
and tighten the clamp.
5. Repeat the draining procedure for any remaining traps.
1
2
79
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Coolant
The coolant supplied in the system at the factory is a 50/50 mixture of
ethylene-glycol and distilled water, which will provide adequate freeze
protection under most conditions. If the vehicle will be stored or operated at extremely low temperatures, greater protection may be required.
Please see your Polaris dealer.
When adding or changing coolant, Polaris recommends using Premium
60/40 anti-freeze coolant, which is already premixed and ready to use.
Do not dilute with water. Never exceed a 60% antifreeze/40% water
mixture. See page 106 for Polaris products.
NOTE: Never add tap water to the cooling system. Minerals cause
deposits and may react adversely with the metals in the engine
and cooling system.
n Coolant Level
The engine coolant level is controlled by the recovery system. The
recovery system components are:
•
•
•
•
Coolant bottle or overflow tank
Engine filler neck
Pressure cap
Connecting hoses
Always maintain the coolant level between the minimum and maximum
marks on the coolant bottle (when engine is cold) to prevent overheating
and serious engine damage.
CAUTION
Operating the snowmobile with insufficient coolant will result in overheating
and serious engine damage. Always maintain the coolant level as recommended.
80
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Coolant High Temperature Indicator Light
WARNING
Steam and hot liquids will cause serious burns to your skin. Never remove
the pressure cap when the engine is warm or hot.
The high temperature indicator light will illuminate when engine coolant temperature becomes too hot for safe continued operation of the
engine. If you must drive your machine after the high temperature indicator light has come on, drive slowly and stop frequently to allow the
engine to cool down. Driving in deep snow will also help cool the
engine. See your dealer for service. Add coolant if the level is low.
NOTE: Engine performance will be reduced if you continue operating
when the high temperature light is on.
Flushing the Cooling System
To ensure that the coolant maintains its ability to protect the engine,
drain the system completely every two years and add a fresh mixture of
antifreeze and distilled water. This service must be performed when the
engine is cold. Ask your Polaris dealer to check the coolant when he
performs the fall tune-up on your snowmobile.
81
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Bleeding the Cooling System
WARNING
Steam and hot liquids will cause serious burns to your skin. Never bleed the
cooling system or remove the pressure cap when the engine is warm or hot.
Use of a non-standard pressure cap will not allow the recovery system to
function properly. If the pressure cap needs replacement, contact your
dealer for the correct part.
CAUTION
If coolant flow becomes restricted or plugged, coolant loss, air lock or engine
damage may result. Most cooling systems are equipped with a filter that
should be periodically inspected or replaced.
Perform the bleeding procedure when the engine is cold.
1. Position the vehicle so that the top of the tunnel is level. Elevate the
front of the vehicle slightly if necessary.
2. Remove the pressure cap and fill the coolant bottle with properly
mixed coolant to the maximum mark.
3. Remove the bleed screw from the water outlet manifold and/or the
thermostat housing. Allow the coolant to bleed through the system
until it runs out the bleed holes. Reinstall the bleed screw into the
manifold.
4. Add coolant to the coolant bottle to the maximum mark.
5. Start the engine and run at a fast idle for two to three minutes.
Loosen the bleed screw occasionally to purge any trapped air.
82
MAINTENANCE
Cooling System
Bleeding the Cooling System
6. Stop the engine and check the coolant bottle level. Fill as required.
7. Feel the heat exchangers under the running boards. If the system is
bled properly, they'll be warm to the touch. If they're not, repeat
step 5. Lift the front of the machine slightly to assist in the bleeding.
8. Replace the pressure cap and carefully lower the front end of the
machine.
Exhaust System
Check the exhaust system for wear or damage at approximately 2000
miles (3200 km). Always allow the engine and exhaust system to cool
completely before inspecting.
WARNING
Hot exhaust system parts can cause serious burns. Allow adequate time for
the exhaust system to cool. Never perform this procedure with the engine
running.
1. Open the hood and inspect the muffler and pipes for cracks or damage.
2. Check for weak or missing retaining springs or damper/support
grommets.
3. Check for loose clamps on the pipe covers.
83
MAINTENANCE
Drive Chain Tension
Check drive chain tension weekly and
before each long trip. To obtain correct
chain tension:
1. Rotate the driven clutch counterclockwise to move all chain slack to
the tensioner side. Lock the brake
lever lock, or have an assistant hold
the brake lever firmly.
2. Loosen the adjuster bolt jam nut (1).
3. Finger tighten the adjuster bolt (2)
until it can no longer be adjusted by
hand, then back off 1/4 turn.
4. Tighten the jam nut while holding
the adjuster bolt. Torque to 21 ft.
lbs. (28 Nm).
5. Release the brake lever lock.
84
2
1
MAINTENANCE
Brakes
n Hydraulic Brake Inspection
Inspect brake lever travel before each use of the snowmobile. See page
46.
Brake pads must be replaced when the brake pad material becomes thinner than the backing plate (approximately 1/16I). A kit is available for
replacing brake pads. See your dealer.
WARNING
Brake failure during operation can result in serious injury or death. Properly
functioning brakes are vital to your safety. Be sure the brake pads do not
drag on the disc and that brake lever travel is not excessive.
Always replace brake pads when the brake pad material becomes thinner
than the backing plate (approximately 1/16I).
Brake Components
1. Brake Caliper
3
2. Brake Disc
3. Brake Pad Material
(Replace when thickness is
less than 1/16I/1.5 mm).
1
2
Excessive Lever Travel
Hydraulic brakes are selfadjusting, but if excessive
brake pad clearance develops,
bring the machine to an authorized Polaris dealer for inspection and adjustment.
85
MAINTENANCE
Brakes
Brake Fluid
The brake fluid level can be seen through a plastic sight glass in the
brake reservoir. If the fluid is sufficient, the sight glass will be black. If
the sight glass is any color other than black, add brake fluid.
Replace brake fluid at least every two years with Polaris DOT 4 high
temperature brake fluid. See page 106 for the part numbers of Polaris
products.
WARNING
After opening a bottle of brake fluid, always discard any unused portion.
Never store or use a partial bottle. Brake fluid is hygroscopic, meaning it rapidly absorbs moisture from the air. The moisture causes the boiling temperature of the brake fluid to drop, which can lead to early brake fade and the
possibility of accident or serious injury.
WARNING
Keep the master cylinder cover free of dirt and debris. The vent slits allow for
diaphragm movement, and if they become plugged, movement of brake fluid
below the diaphragm may be restricted, altering brake function.
CAUTION
Brake fluid will damage decals, paint and some plastics. Always wipe up
spills immediately.
86
MAINTENANCE
Brakes
Bleeding the Hydraulic Brake System
Air in the hydraulic brake system will cause spongy brake lever action.
Bleed the system before operating the snowmobile.
WARNING
Operating the vehicle with a spongy brake lever can result in loss of brakes,
which could cause an accident and lead to serious injury or death. Never
operate the vehicle with a spongy-feeling brake lever.
During the bleeding procedure, keep the brake handle as level as possible. The reservoir must be in this position to minimize the possibility of
air entering the system through the reservoir vent.
1. Remove the brake master cylinder reservoir cover and gasket.
2. Fill the master cylinder reservoir to between the MIN and MAX
marks or 1/4-5/16I (.6-.8 cm) below the lip of the reservoir opening. Reinstall the gasket and cover.
3. Slip a rubber tube over the ball of the bleeder valve and direct the
flow of fluid into an approved container.
4. Squeeze the brake lever a full stroke. Then unscrew the bleeder
valve 3/4 of a turn to release air.
5. Close the bleeder valve and release the brake lever.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until fluid flows from the bleeder valve in a
solid stream free of air bubbles.
WARNING
Overfilling the master cylinder leaves no room for fluid expansion and may
cause the brakes to lock, resulting in serious injury or death. Always add
brake fluid to the fill line as recommended.
7. After bleeding is complete, refill the reservoir to the proper level.
See page 86.
8. Reinstall the gasket and cover.
87
MAINTENANCE
Lights
NOTE: Do not touch a halogen bulb with bare fingers. Oil from skin
leaves a residue, causing a hot spot that will shorten the life of
the lamp. If fingers do touch the bulb, clean it with an alcoholmoistened towel.
Headlight Bulb Removal
1. Remove the plenum covering
from the headlight assembly.
2. Lift the rubber boot to expose
the bulb.
2
3. Push down on the spring (1) to
release it from the housing.
4. With the wire harness (2)
attached to the bulb (3), withdraw the bulb from the housing.
3
1
5. Grasp the bulb by its metal base and carefully separate the bulb
from the harness.
Headlight Bulb Installation
1. Hold the bulb by its metal base and install it into the wire harness.
NOTE: Recommended replacement bulbs include H4, HB2 and 9003
bulbs.
2. Insert the bulb into the housing.
3. Connect the spring to the housing.
4. Carefully flip the spring back into the housing, placing it around the
wire harness.
5. Reinstall the plenum covering on the headlight assembly.
6. Verify headlight aim.
88
Lights
MAINTENANCE
Taillight/Brakelight Replacement
1. Remove the screws securing the taillight lens. Remove the lens.
2. Push the bulb inward and turn it counterclockwise to remove it.
3. Install a new bulb. Push the bulb inward and turn it clockwise to
secure it.
4. Reinstall the taillight lens.
89
MAINTENANCE
Clutch System
Periodically inspect clutch sheaves for damage, wear or belt residue. To
maintain optimum performance, clean with non-oil based cleaners such
as isopropyl alcohol.
WARNING
If you become aware of higher than normal clutch engagement or an unusual
vibration or shift pattern, see your dealer immediately. Do not operate the
machine until repairs have been made.
All clutch maintenance and repairs must be performed by an authorized
Polaris dealer. Any unauthorized modifications to clutches, such as adding
or removing weights, will void the warranty.
CAUTION
The bushings in the weights and rollers of Polaris clutches are made of a
material that may be damaged if lubricated. Do not lubricate clutch bushings.
Clutch Alignment Offset
Clutch alignment offset is important for maintaining optimum performance. See your dealer for service and adjustments. A special tool is
required to check for proper alignment.
Clutch Center Distance
See your Owner's Manual Supplement for recommended center distance
for your machine. If adjustment is necessary, see your dealer.
90
MAINTENANCE
Clutch System
n Drive Belt Condition
Periodically check the condition and tension of the drive belt, and
always carry a spare. Inspect the belt for signs of excessive wear: frayed
edges, missing cogs, cracks and excessive looseness. Replace the belt if
any of these conditions exist. See Drive Belt Troubleshooting on page
111.
For improved drive-away during extremely cold temperatures, remove
the belt and warm it to room temperature. Reinstall it before starting the
snowmobile.
Drive Belt Removal
CAUTION
Do not attempt to remove the drive belt after operating in reverse. The snowmobile must be stopped after forward motion to prevent damage to components during belt removal.
1. Stop the engine after operating in a forward motion.
2. Turn the ignition key off.
Wait for the engine to come
to a complete stop.
+
3. Lock the parking brake.
4. Open the hood.
5. Remove the left side panel.
6. Locate the L-wrench in the
tool kit. Install the wrench
into the open threaded hole in the outer sheave of the clutch (+).
7. Turn the wrench clockwise until the sheaves open far enough to
remove the belt.
91
MAINTENANCE
Clutch System
Drive Belt Installation
1. Drop the drive belt over the
drive clutch and pull back the
slack.
NOTE: To ensure satisfactory
belt life, install belts so
they operate in the same
direction of rotation by
positioning the identification numbers so that you
can read them. If
required, separate the
sheaves as outlined in
the belt removal procedures.
2. Rotate the L-wrench counter-clockwise to tighten the sheaves while
working the belt to the outer edge of the sheaves.
3. Remove the L-wrench and store it in the tool kit.
4. Reinstall the side panel.
5. Close and secure the hood.
Drive Belt
Belt width and length must match the center distance of the clutches and
sheave width of the drive clutch. Polaris recommends the use of O.E.M.
belts. Other belts may match the dimensions, but can drastically change
the shift pattern, resulting in poor performance.
NOTE: A worn belt will continue to function, but will not deliver maximum performance. Always carry a spare belt in case of an
emergency.
92
Clutch System
MAINTENANCE
n Drive Belt Deflection
1
Measure belt deflection with both
clutches at rest and in their full
neutral position.
Place a straight edge (1) on the
belt and apply downward pressure
while measuring at point 2. This
measurement should be 1 1/4I
(3.2 cm).
2
Drive Belt Adjustment
1. Install the L-wrench into the open threaded hole in the outer sheave
of the clutch (see page 91). Turn the wrench clockwise slightly to
remove pressure from the sheaves.
2. Loosen the 7/16I jam nut.
3. Using a 1/8I Allen wrench, turn the set screw inward (clockwise) to
increase the distance between the sheaves or outward (counterclockwise) to decrease the distance.
4. Tighten the jam nut. Store the L-wrench in the tool kit.
Torque Stop
Periodically check torque stop
clearance. With clutches in
proper alignment, the torque
stop clearance should be
.010I-.030I (.25-.75 mm)
from the engine case.
.010I-.030I
(.25-.75 mm)
Adjust if necessary, and lock
the jam nut.
93
MAINTENANCE
Fall Tune-Up
For maximum performance, arrange for a fall service tune-up with your
Polaris dealer. His experienced and trained service technician will keep
your machine in peak operating condition.
Track Maintenance
Track Inspection
WARNING
Broken track rods can cause a rotating track to come off the machine, which
could cause serious injury or death. Never operate with a damaged track.
Never rotate a damaged track under power.
1. Using a hoist, safely lift and
support the rear of the snowmobile off the ground.
2. Rotate the track by hand to
check for damage.
3. Carefully examine the track
along the entire length of
each rod (+). Bend the track
to check for breakage.
4. Replace the track if any rod
damage is found.
94
+
MAINTENANCE
Track Maintenance
Track Lubrication
WARNING
Operating with insufficient lubrication between the rail slide and track guide
clips can cause track failure, loss of vehicle control and loss of braking ability,
which can result in serious injury or death. Avoid operating for extended periods on ice and other surfaces that have little or no snow for lubrication.
The slide rail needs snow for lubrication. Excessive wear indicates
insufficient lubrication. A new rail slide can cause faster heat build-up
in limited lubrication, resulting in excessive wear.
NOTE: If excessive rail slide wear occurs due to poor snow conditions,
additional wheel kits are available. See your dealer for more
information.
NOTE: Track damage or failure caused by operation on ice or under
other poor lubrication conditions will void the track warranty.
95
MAINTENANCE
Track Maintenance
WARNING
Moving parts can cut and crush body parts. When performing the checks
and adjustments recommended on the following pages, stay clear of all moving parts. Never perform track measurement or adjustments with the engine
running.
Track Tension
Track adjustment is critical for proper handling. Always maintain correct tension and alignment.
TRACK TENSION DATA CHART
Suspension
Weight
IQ
10 lbs. (4.54 kg)
Measurement
Location
Slack
Measurement
16I (40 cm)
ahead of rear
idler shaft
7/8I-1 1/8I
(2.2-2.9 cm)
NOTE: Tension adjustments should be made only after the track is
warmed up and limber.
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Lift the rear of the machine and safely support it off the ground.
3. Place the recommended weight or downward pressure on the track
at the specified distance (see chart) ahead of the center of the rear
idler wheel.
NOTE: Measure at the point where the weight is hanging.
96
MAINTENANCE
Track Maintenance
Track Tension
4. Check for specified slack between the wear surface of the track clip
and the plastic slider. Refer to the Track Tension Data Chart on page
96.
If the track needs adjustment:
5. Loosen the rear idler shaft bolt.
6. Loosen the locknuts.
Slack Measurement
Track
Adjusting Screw
Lock Nut
S
10 lbs.
(4.54 kg)
Shaft
Bolt
16I(40 cm)
7. Tighten or loosen the track adjusting screws to provide equal adjustment on both sides of the track.
8. Repeat the measurement on the other side of the track.
NOTE: Check more frequently when the machine is new.
9. Start the machine and slowly rotate the track at least five revolutions. Let the track come to a stop (do not apply brakes).
10. Check track alignment (see page 98) and adjust as necessary.
11. Tighten the locknuts.
12. Tighten the idler shaft bolts.
13. (n) Torque idler shaft bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
97
MAINTENANCE
Track Maintenance
n Track Alignment
Periodically check that the track is centered and running evenly on the
slide rails. Misalignment will cause excessive wear to the track and
slide rail.
1. Safely support the rear of the machine with the track off the ground.
2. Start the engine and apply a small amount of throttle until the track
turns slowly at least five complete revolutions. Stop the engine and
let the track come to a stop (do not apply brakes).
3. Inspect track alignment by
looking through the track
window to make sure the
rails (+) are evenly spaced
on each side. If the track
runs to the left, loosen the
idler shaft bolts, then
loosen the left locknut and
tighten the left adjusting
bolt. If the track runs to
the right, loosen the idler
shaft bolts, then loosen the
right locknut and tighten
the right adjusting bolt.
4. After adjustments are complete, tighten the locknuts
and torque idler shaft bolts
to 35 ft. lbs. (47.5 Nm).
+
5. Repeat steps 2 and 3 to verify proper alignment.
98
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
Steering Inspection and Adjustment
Each week, or before a long ride, check all steering system fasteners and
tighten if necessary.
+ +
+
+
+
99
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
Ski Alignment
WARNING
Improper ski alignment or adjustment may cause loss of steering control,
resulting in serious injury or death. Do not attempt to change the ski alignment or camber adjustment. See your Polaris dealer.
With the handlebars in a straight ahead position, and with vehicle
weight compressing the suspension, measure from the straight edge of
the skis at the center of the ski mounting bolt. The measurement
between the skis at point X should be 1/8I to 1/4I (3-6 mm) greater
than the measurement at point Y.
NOTE: If the skis are misaligned, we recommend that your dealer correct the alignment, since camber adjustment may also be
affected.
X
10I
10I
Y
100
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
n Ski Skags
WARNING
Worn skis and/or skags will adversely affect handling. Loss of vehicle control
may result, causing serious injury or death.
See your dealer's studding chart for recommended skags. If you install
longer or more aggressive carbide skags than the original equipment, it may
also be necessary to add track studs to maintain proper vehicle control while
turning on hard-packed snow or ice.
Check skags before each use of the snowmobile to ensure positive steering characteristics. Skags must be replaced when worn to half their original diameter.
NOTE: Carbide skags must be replaced if any abnormal wear or chipping is found.
Skag Replacement
1. Raise and support the front of
the machine so the skis are
approximately 6I (15.2 cm)
from the ground.
2. Remove the attaching nuts
and pry the skag downward.
3. Remove the rear end of the
skag.
4. Remove the front end of the
skag.
5. Reverse the steps to install a
skag.
101
MAINTENANCE
Steering System
n Rail Slide Wear
Measure slide thickness at
several points along the rail.
Have your dealer replace the
slide when it's worn down to
the top of the wear limit
indicator groove (+). Do not
operate the snowmobile if
slide thickness measures less
than 7/16I (1.1 cm).
7/16I
(1.1 cm)
+
Suspension Maintenance
n Pre-Ride Suspension Inspection
Loose nuts and bolts can reduce your snowmobile's reliability and cause
needless repairs and down time. Before beginning any snowmobile trip,
a visual inspection will uncover potential problems. Check the following items on a weekly basis or before any long trip:
n Check suspension mounting bolts for tightness.
n Check rear idler wheel bolts for tightness. See page 97.
n Check rear idler adjusting bolt locknuts for tightness.
n Check front torque arm limiter strap condition.
n Check rail slide condition.
n Check track tension. See page 96.
n Lubricate all rear suspension components. See page 70.
n Check ski runner/skag condition. See page 101.
n Check ski spindle bolts for tightness.
n Check tie rod end nuts for tightness.
102
Daily Storage
MAINTENANCE
At the end of each ride, park the snowmobile on a level surface and support it at the
rear with an appropriate track stand. The
track should be suspended approximately
4I (10 cm) off the ground.
Remove the key and cover the machine.
Extended Storage
Off-season or extended storage of your snowmobile requires preventive
measures to aid against deterioration and to prolong the useful life of
many components. See page 106 for the part numbers of Polaris products.
Cleaning and Preservation
Proper storage starts with cleaning, washing, and waxing the hood,
chassis, and plastic parts. Wipe down remaining surfaces with a damp
cloth. Clean and touch up with paint any rusted or previously painted
surfaces. Be sure that corrosive salt and acids are removed from surfaces before beginning preservation with waxes and rust inhibitors
(grease, oil or paint).
The machine should be stored in a dry garage or shed, out of direct sunlight, and covered with a fabric snowmobile cover. Plastic tarp may
cause condensation to form and damage snowmobile components.
Controls and Linkage
Lubricate all bushings and cables as outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Table beginning on page 67.
103
MAINTENANCE
Extended Storage
Bearings
Grease the jackshaft and drive shaft clutch side bearings with Polaris
Premium All-Season Grease or a similar high quality grease to prevent
corrosion.
Clutch and Drive System
Remove the drive belt and store in a cool dry location. Do not lubricate
clutch components, except the driven clutch shaft bushing as outlined in
the Master Repair Manual. See your dealer.
Engine and Carburetor Protection
Proper preparation of the engine and fuel system is vital to the prevention of rust and corrosion on precision engine parts during storage.
Whenever the machine is stored for a period of more than 60 days, the
engine must be fogged with fogging oil. Follow the engine fogging
instructions provided on the container.
Always add Premium Carbon Clean or a fuel conditioner/stabilizer to
the fuel tank. Follow the instructions on the container, running the
engine for five minutes to get additives through the entire fuel system.
Top off with fresh fuel. Do not allow the snowmobile to run out of fuel.
If stabilizer is not used, drain the carburetors by removing the water trap
drain plugs. See page 79.
NOTE: Jet restriction caused by improper storage can cause lean conditions and very poor slow speed driving quality.
104
Extended Storage
MAINTENANCE
Electrical Connections
Replace worn or frayed electrical wire and connectors. Be sure wiring
harness is properly secured away from sharp edges, steering linkage,
moving parts, and hot exhaust parts.
Track and Suspension
Moderate track tension should be maintained
during summer storage. The machine should be
supported off the ground to allow the track to
hang freely.
Transporting the Snowmobile
Whenever the snowmobile is transported:
1. Turn the fuel valve off. See page 27.
2. Be sure the fuel cap and oil cap are installed
correctly.
3. Always tie the snowmobile to the transporting unit securely using
suitable straps.
4. Remove the ignition key to prevent loss.
105
POLARIS PRODUCTS
Part No.
Description
Engine Lubricants
2870791
Fogging Oil (12 oz. Aerosol)
2871098
Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2871097
Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)
2871240
Premium 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
2871721
Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2871722
Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)
2872347
Premium Gold Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
2874438
VES II Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (qt.)
2874439
VES II Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (gal.)
2874443
VES II Synthetic 2-Cycle Engine Oil (2.5 gal.)
2873105
Synthetic Chaincase Lubricant (qt.)
2872951
Synthetic Chaincase Lubricant (12 oz.)
Chaincase Lubricants
Grease/Specialized Lubricants
2871312
Grease Gun Kit, Premium All Season (3 oz.)
2871322
Premium All Season Grease (3 oz. cartridge)
2871423
Premium All Season Grease (14 oz. cartridge)
2871329
Dielectric Grease (Nyogelt)
Coolant
2871323
Anitfreeze, 60/40 Premix (gal.)
2871534
Anitfreeze, 60/40 Premix (qt.)
Additives/Miscellaneous
2871326
Carbon Clean Plus (12 oz.)
2870652
Fuel Stabilizer (16 oz.)
2872189
DOT 4 Brake Fluid (12 oz.)
2872893
Engine Degreaser (12 oz.)
2870505
Isopropyl
2872889
Brake and Clutch Cleaner
2872890
Carb and Throttle Body Cleaner
106
Engine Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING
Unless you have experience and training in two-cycle engine repair,
see your dealer if technical problems arise.
Problem
Probable Cause Solution
Erratic engine operating RPM during
acceleration or load
variations
Drive clutch binding
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Driven clutch malfunction
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Harsh drive clutch
engagement
Drive belt worn or
too narrow
• Replace the drive belt.
Excessive belt/
sheave clearance
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Drive belt turns over
Machine fails to
move
Wrong belt for appli- • Replace the drive belt.
cation
Clutch alignment out
of spec
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine mount broken or loose
• Inspect and replace. SEE YOUR
DEALER.
Clutch jammed
• Check for twisted belt or broken
spring. SEE YOUR DEALER.
Track jammed
• Foreign object may be caught or the
rail slide melted to the track clips
due to lack of lubrication.
• Track may be iced up or frozen to
the ground.
Chaincase sprocket
or chain jammed or
broken
• Chain is loose or broken or chain
tightener is loose. SEE YOUR
DEALER.
107
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine Troubleshooting
Problem
Probable Cause Solution
Noise in drive system
Broken drive clutch
components
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Bearing failure/
chaincase, jackshaft,
or front drive shaft
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Drive belt surface
flat spots
• Inspect and replace as needed.
Drive chain loose
• Inspect and adjust (or replace).
Drive chain worn,
sprocket teeth broken
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Worn drive belt
• Inspect and replace as needed.
Excessive belt/
sheave clearance
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Poor low RPM performance
Engine doesn't turn
108
Loose torque stop
• Inspect and adjust.
Sticky clutch
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Poor fuel quality
• Use 87-91 octane fuel (or higher).
Seized engine
• SEE YOUR DEALER. Seizure is a
result of poor lubrication, inadequate fuel supply, broken parts or
improper cooling.
Hydrostatic lock
• Fuel may have entered the crankcase
while the vehicle was standing or
being transported. SEE YOUR
DEALER to correct the cause.
Drain plug(s) are located on the
lower crankcase for emergency
draining.
Engine Troubleshooting
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Probable Cause Solution
Engine turns but fails
to start
Faulty ignition
• Install new spark plug(s). If engine
still fails to start, check for spark. If
there's no spark, SEE YOUR
DEALER.
No fuel to engine
• Make sure the fuel valve is on.
• Use the choke. See page 51.
• Make sure the fuel tank contains
fuel.
• Ice may be in the fuel line, filter or
pump. Add isopropyl alcohol to the
fuel system.
Poor engine compression
• Mixture is too lean. A main jet that
is too small will cause seizure resulting in loss of power. This indicates a
major engine problem that must be
repaired before operating. SEE
YOUR DEALER.
Fouled or defective
spark plug(s)
• Replace the plug(s).
Fuel filter (loss of
high RPM power)
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Incorrect clutching
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Carburetor and fuel
pump
• There is no adjustment to change
power output. SEE YOUR
DEALER.
Faulty plug(s)
• Change plug(s).
Carburetor / Fuel
System
• Dirt or ice may be in the fuel system
(deicer should be added to non-ethanol fuel at all times for assurance
against fuel line icing).
Incorrect throttle
freeplay or faulty
switch
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine requires
more than normal
pulls to start
Poor fuel
• Replace with fresh winter fuel.
Not enough fuel getting to engine
• SEE YOUR DEALER.
Engine backfires but
fails to start
Spark plug wires
may be on wrong
cylinder
• Reinstall spark plug wires to the corresponding cylinder.
Engine lacks power
Engine continually
backfires
109
TROUBLESHOOTING
IQ Suspension Troubleshooting
Problem
Solution
Rear suspension bottoms too easily
• Adjust torsion spring preload to achieve proper static sag
(see page 33).
• Change torsion spring to stiffer optional spring (see your
dealer).
• Revalve rear track shock (see your dealer).
Rides too stiff in rear
• Check for binding suspension shafts and grease all pivot
points.
• Adjust torsion spring preload to achieve proper static sag
(see page 33).
• Change torsion spring to softer optional spring (see your
dealer).
• Check track tension (see page 96).
Machine darts from
side to side
• Check ski alignment (see page 100).
• Make sure spindles and all steering components turn freely.
• Check for excessive play in steering assembly (see your
dealer).
• Ensure skags are straight on skis.
• Set static sag (see page 33).
• Check rail slide/replace if worn (see page 102).
• Install Accu-Trak dual skags (see your dealer).
Front end pushes
• Check for worn skags.
• Check for binding front suspension shafts and steering
components, grease all pivot points (elevate front of
machine).
• Set static sag (see page 33).
• Install single skag (see your dealer).
• Increase IFS preload (if equipped) (see page 28).
• Rotate RRSS to high position (see page 38).
Steering is heavy
•
•
•
•
110
Make sure spindles and all steering components turn freely.
Check ski alignment (see page 100).
Check skags and skis for damage.
Set static sag (see page 33).
TROUBLESHOOTING
Drive Belt Troubleshooting
Belt Wear/Burn Diagnosis
Causes
Solutions
Driving at low RPM
• Drive at higher RPMs. Gear the machine down. Check
belt deflection.
Insufficient warm-up
• Warm the engine at least five minutes. Take the drive
belt off the machine in extremely cold weather and
warm it up. Break machine loose from the snow.
Towing at low RPM
• Do not tow in deep snow. Use fast, aggressive throttle
to engage clutch.
Riding with high RPM
and slow speed (8000
RPM/10 MPH)
• Lower the gear ratio. Reduce RPM. Avoid riding in
high ambient temperatures. Check for snow ingestion.
Ice and snow build-up
between track and tunnel
• Warm the engine at least five minutes. Take the drive
belt off the machine in extremely cold weather and
warm it up. Break machine loose from the snow.
Poor engine performance
• Check for carburetor and choke synchronization, fouled
plugs, debris in the carburetor(s) and water, ice or dirt
in the fuel tank or fuel line.
Loading machines onto
trailers
• Skis may gouge into trailers and prevent the drivetrain
from spinning properly. Use enough speed to drive the
machine completely onto the trailer. Push and pull it to
finish loading if necessary.
Clutch malfunction
• Inspect clutch components. See your dealer.
Slow, easy clutch engage- • Use fast, aggressive throttle to engage clutch.
ment
111
WARRANTY
Service and Warranty Information
Obtaining Service and Warranty Assistance
Read and understand the service data and the Polaris warranty information contained in this manual. Contact your Polaris dealer for replacement parts, service or warranty. Your dealer receives frequent updates on changes,
modifications and tips on snowmobile maintenance, which may supersede
information contained in this manual. Your dealer is also familiar with Polaris
policies and procedures and will be happy to assist you.
When contacting us about parts, service, or warranty, always provide the following information:
1. Serial number
2. Model number
3. Dealer name
4. Date of purchase
5. Details of trouble experienced
6. Length of time and conditions of operation
7. Previous correspondence
Use the page provided near the front of your Owner's Manual to record the
identification numbers of your snowmobile and its engine.
Polaris Customer Service
United States: 1-763-417-8650
Canada: 1-204-925-7100
112
Service and Warranty Information
WARRANTY
Polaris Anti-Theft System
The Polaris anti-theft system (PATS) monitoring program is designed to aid
owners of registered snowmobiles in recovery of stolen machines.
Administration
1.
Polaris snowmobile owner reports theft.
A. In addition to notifying the proper law enforcement officials,
the owner must call Polaris Customer Service.
B. Owners must provide their name, address, telephone number and the model and serial number of stolen machines.
2.
Polaris warranty will provide all dealerships with a monthly updated list of
all stolen units to further monitor thefts.
3.
Polaris warranty will aid in notifying the proper owner when a unit is
recovered.
113
WARRANTY
Limited Warranty
Polaris Sales Inc., 2100 Highway 55, Medina, MN 55340, provides a ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY on all components of the Polaris snowmobile against defects in
material or workmanship. This warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or
replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty. The warranty begins
on the date of purchase. This warranty is transferable to another consumer, during the
warranty period, through a Polaris dealer.
Registration
At the time of sale, the Warranty Registration Form must be completed by your dealer
and submitted to Polaris within ten days. Upon receipt of this registration, Polaris will
record the registration for warranty. No verification of registration will be sent to the
purchaser as the copy of the Warranty Registration Form will be the warranty entitlement. If you have not signed the original registration and received the customer copy,
please contact your dealer immediately. NO WARRANTY COVERAGE WILL BE
ALLOWED UNLESS THE SNOWMOBILE IS REGISTERED WITH POLARIS.
Initial dealer preparation and setup of your snowmobile is very important in ensuring
trouble-free operation. Purchasing a snowmobile in the crate or without proper dealer
setup will void your warranty coverage.
Warranty Coverage and Exclusions
Limitations of warranties and remedies
This warranty excludes any failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship.
The warranty does not cover accidental damage, normal wear and tear, abuse or
improper handling. The warranty also does not cover any snowmobile that has been
structurally altered, neglected, improperly maintained, used for racing or used for purposes other than for which it was manufactured. The warranty does not cover any damages that occur during trailer transit or as a result of unauthorized service or parts. In
addition, this warranty does not cover physical damage to paint or finish, stress cracks,
tearing or puncturing of upholstery material, corrosion or defects in parts, components
or the snowmobile due to fire, explosions or any other cause beyond Polaris' control.
This warranty does not cover the use of unauthorized lubricants, chemicals, or fuels that
are not compatible with the snowmobile.
The exclusive remedy for breach of this warranty shall be, at Polaris' exclusive option,
repair or replacement of any defective materials, or components or products. THE
REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY ARE THE ONLY REMEDIES
AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS
SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY DESCRIPTION, WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT,
NEGLIGENCE, OR OTHER TORT OR OTHERWISE. Some states do not permit the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or implied warranties, so
the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you if inconsistent with controlling
state law.
114
Limitations of warranties and remedies
WARRANTY
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE ABOVE ONE YEAR
WARRANTY PERIOD. POLARIS FURTHER DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY. Some states do not allow limitations
on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you if
inconsistent with controlling state law.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
If your snowmobile requires warranty service, you must take it to a Polaris dealer authorized to repair Polaris snowmobiles. When requesting warranty service you must
present your copy of the Warranty Registration form to the dealer. (The cost of transportation to and from the dealer is YOUR responsibility). Polaris recommends that you use
your original selling dealer; however, you may use any Polaris Servicing Dealer to perform warranty service.
Please work with your dealer to resolve any warranty issues. Your dealer will contact
the appropriate personnel at Polaris if additional assistance is needed.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
If any of the above terms are void because of state or federal law, all other warranty
terms will remain in effect.
Engine Oil
1. Mixing oil brands or using non-recommended oil may cause engine damage. We recommend the use of Polaris engine oil.
2. Damage resulting from the use of non-recommended lubricants may not be covered
by warranty.
115
WARRANTY
Conditions and Exclusions
In order to qualify for warranty, the product must have been properly set up and tested
by a Polaris Dealer (if applicable). Failure of any dealer to perform the required vehicle
Pre-Delivery Inspection, perform all applicable service bulletins and have the consumer
sign the PDI form prior to delivery may void the warranty. Failure to provide proof of
required periodic maintenance upon request may result in denial of warranty coverage.
Use of the recommended Polaris products for lubrication and maintenance as directed by
the Owner's manual is highly recommended. Should a failure occur during the warranty
period resulting from the use of non-recommended products, warranty coverage may be
denied.
Warranty does not apply to parts exposed to friction surfaces, stresses, environmental
conditions and/or contamination. The following items are excluded from warranty consideration if the failure was due to wear or not the direct result of a defect:
Skis
Tracks
Suspension components
Brake components
Seat components
Clutches and components
Steering components
Batteries
Light bulbs/Sealed beam lamps
Idler wheels
Ski wear rods
Slide rails
Finished and unfinished surfaces
Carburetor/Throttle body components
Engine components
Drive belts
Hydraulic components
Circuit breakers/Fuses
Electronic components
Warranty applies to the product only and does not allow for coverage of personal loss.
Some items are considered "consumable," meaning they are considered part of normal
maintenance or part of completing an effective repair. The following items are excluded
from warranty coverage in the event of a warranty claim:
Spark Plugs
Filters
Fuel
Sealants
Hotel fees
Towing charges
Mileage
Rentals/Loss of product use
Lubricants such as oil, grease, etc.
Batteries (unless defective)
Cosmetic damage/repair
Coolants
Meals
Shipping/ handling fees
Product pick-up/delivery
Loss of vacation/personal time
This warranty also excludes failures resulting from improper lubrication; improper
engine timing; improper fuel; surface imperfections caused by external stress, heat, cold
or contamination; operator error or abuse; improper component alignment, tension,
adjustment or altitude compensation; failure due to snow, water, dirt or other foreign
substance ingestion/contamination; improper maintenance; modified components; use
of aftermarket components resulting in failure; unauthorized repairs; repairs made after
the warranty period expires or by an unauthorized repair center; use of the product in
competition or for commercial purposes. Warranty will not apply to any product which
has been damaged by abuse, accident, fire or any other casualty not determined a defect
of materials or workmanship.
116
WARRANTY
Polaris Second Year Engine Service Contract
Second Year Engine Service Contract is standard on all eligible new and unused snowmobiles that were Snow Checked through an authorized Polaris dealer during the
March/April Snow Check promotion. The free Second Year Engine Service Contract is
honored by all authorized Polaris snowmobile dealers in North America and is transferable 120 days after the original purchase date, free of charge, through any Polaris snowmobile dealer. Coverage on Snow Check units is automatic. Although you do not
receive a warranty card, your dealership should have printed a copy of the warranty registration form. This form is your proof of warranty.
Consumer Exclusions
• Each repair visit after the first twelve months of standard warranty coverage is subject
to a $50 deductible.
• The free Second Year Engine Service Contract applies to the first 5,000 miles or two
(2) calendar years from date of purchase, whichever comes first. Tampering with the
odometer shall void all warranties/service contracts. No extensions to coverage under
this engine service contract can be given. Used snowmobiles are not eligible under
this program.
• Snowmobiles used for commercial purposes or for racing are excluded from coverage.
Coverage
Coverage for second year engine failures due to defects in materials and workmanship
will be determined by Polaris in its sole discretion. Coverage is automatic with no additional paperwork required. The free Second Year Engine Service Contract is subject to a
$50 deductible per visit. Regular, documented service maintenance visits are required to
validate this warranty.
A partial list of items excluded from coverage includes:
• Damage due to accident, fire, explosion, theft, or other causes beyond Polaris' control.
• Damage caused by the failure of other components of the snowmobile.
• Failures caused by improper fuel or oil.
• Piston seizures, unless caused by a defective engine component.
• Failures caused due to improper adjustments.
• Failure due to unauthorized service.
• Failures due to lack of service as required in the owner's manual or Polaris updates.
This includes off-season storage as listed in the owner's manual.
• Failure due to use of unauthorized parts or modifications.
• Normal wear parts, including but not limited to spark plugs, hoses, batteries, controls,
and recoil ropes are excluded from coverage. Gaskets are covered, as are intake and
exhaust manifolds excluding paint coverage.
• Electrical coverage is limited to the ECU box, coils, stator plate, and sensors. Wiring
and other electrical components are excluded from coverage.
• Cooling system coverage is limited to the water pump assembly and components, fan,
fan bearings, temperature sensor, gasket and seals.
• Non wear related throttle body parts are covered. The fuel pump is covered.
• Clutches and related clutch parts, including but not limited to, the drive belt, are
excluded from coverage.
• Electrical components are excluded from coverage.
• Gearcases and transmissions are excluded from coverage.
117
WARRANTY
Exported Vehicles
EXCEPT WHERE SPECIFICALLY REQUIRED BY LAW, THERE IS NO WARRANTY OR SERVICE BULLETIN COVERAGE ON THIS VEHICLE IF IT IS SOLD
OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY OF THE SELLING DEALER'S AUTHORIZED LOCATION.
This policy does not apply to vehicles that have received authorization for export from
Polaris Industries. Dealers may not give authorization for export. You should consult an
authorized dealer to determine this vehicle's warranty or service bulletin coverage if you
have any questions.
This policy does not apply to vehicles registered to government officials or military personnel on assignment outside the country of the selling dealer's authorized location.
This policy does not apply to Safety Recalls.
How to Get Service
In the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs must be done by an authorized Polaris dealer. If
you move or are traveling within the country where your vehicle was purchased, Warranty or Service Bulletin repairs may be requested from any authorized Polaris dealer
who sells the same line as your vehicle.
Outside the Country where your vehicle was purchased:
If you are traveling temporarily outside the country where your vehicle was purchased,
you should take your vehicle to an authorized Polaris dealer. You must show the dealer
photo identification from the country of the selling dealer's authorized location as proof
of residence. Upon residence verification, the servicing dealer will be authorized to perform the warranty repair.
If You Move:
If you move to another country, be sure to contact Polaris Customer Assistance and the
customs department of the destination country before you move. Vehicles importation
rules vary considerably from country to country. You may be required to present documentation of your move to Polaris Industries in order to continue your warranty coverage. You may also be required to obtain documentation from Polaris Industries in order
to register your vehicle in your new country.
If Purchased From A Private Party:
If you purchase a Polaris product from a private citizen outside of the country in which
the vehicle was originally purchased, all warranty coverage will be denied.
Notice
If your vehicle is registered outside of the country where it was purchased, and you have
not followed the procedure set out above, your vehicle will no longer be eligible for warranty or service bulletin coverage of any kind. (Vehicles registered to Government officials or military personnel on assignment outside of the country where the vehicle was
purchased will continue to be covered by the basic warranty.)
For questions call Polaris Customer Assistance (see page 112).
118
WARRANTY
Snowmobile Engine Emissions Limited Warranty
This snowmobile engine emissions limited warranty is in addition to the Polaris standard limited warranty for snowmobiles.
Polaris Industries Inc. warrants that the new engine, including all parts of its emissioncontrol system, is designed, built and equipped so it conforms to current U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations applicable to snowmobile emissions under 40
CFR1051, 1065 and 1068 at the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser. Polaris warrants
that the engine is free from defects in materials and workmanship that may keep it from
meeting these regulations.
The warranty period for this emissions certified snowmobile engine starts on the date
when the engine is first purchased and continues for 4000 kilometers (2485 miles) of
vehicle travel, 200 hours of operation, or 30 calendar months, whichever comes first.
This engine emissions limited warranty covers the parts and labor charges for repair or
replacement of defective parts that are covered by this warranty. This includes components whose failure increases the snowmobile engine's emissions. To the extent they are
present on your snowmobile engine, this includes electronic controls, fuel injection
components, exhaust gas recirculation system components, and aftertreatment system
components. Replacing or repairing other components not covered by this warranty is
the responsibility of the snowmobile owner.
The exclusive remedy for breach of this limited warranty shall be, at the exclusive
option of Polaris, repair or replacement of any defective materials, components or products. THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ARE THE
ONLY REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. POLARIS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR SPECIAL DAMAGES OF ANY
DESCRIPTION,WHETHER ARISING OUT OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OR ANY OTHER CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORT OR
OTHERWISE. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE WARRANTY
PERIOD DESCRIBED HEREIN. POLARIS DISCLAIMS ALL EXPRESS WARRANTIES NOT STATED IN THIS WARRANTY.
119
WARRANTY
Snowmobile Engine Emissions Limited Warranty
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitation may not apply if it is inconsistent with the controlling state law. This limited
warranty excludes failures not caused by a defect in material or workmanship. This limited warranty does not cover damage due to accidents, abuse or improper handling,
maintenance or use. This limited warranty also does not cover any engine that has been
structurally altered, or any engine that has been used in racing competition. This limited
warranty also does not cover physical damage, corrosion or defects caused by fire,
explosions or other similar causes beyond the control of Polaris.
Owners are responsible for performing the scheduled maintenance identified in the
owner's manual. Polaris can deny an emissions warranty claim if any specified critical
emissions-related maintenance is not performed. Performance of other scheduled maintenance is strongly recommended, but is not necessary to keep the emissions-related
warranty valid. Any qualified repair shop or qualified person may maintain, replace, or
repair the emission control devices or systems on your snowmobile. Polaris recommends that you contact an authorized Polaris dealer to perform any service that may be
necessary.
It is a potential violation of the Clean Air Act if a part supplied by an aftermarket parts
manufacturer reduces the effectiveness of the vehicle's emission controls. Tampering
with emission controls is prohibited by federal law and may result in civil penalties.
120
MAINTENANCE LOG
Present this section of your manual to your dealer each time your snowmobile is serviced. This will provide you and future owners with an
accurate log of maintenance and services performed on the snowmobile.
DATE
MILES
(KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
150 mi.
(240 km)
500 mi.
(800 km)
1000 mi.
(1600 km)
2000 mi.
(3200 km)
121
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
122
MILES
(KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
MILES
(KM)
TECHNICIAN
SERVICE PERFORMED / COMMENTS
123
INDEX
A
D
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Adjustable Headlights . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Air Pollution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Avalanches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Drive Belt Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Drive Belt Troubleshooting . . . . . . . 111
Drive Chain Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Driver Awareness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Driveshaft Bearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Driving Downhill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Driving in Hilly Terrain. . . . . . . . . . . 16
Driving on Slippery Surfaces . . . . . . 14
Driving Responsibly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
B
Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Before Starting the Engine. . . . . . . . 45
Bleeding the Brake System . . . . . . . 87
Brake Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Brake Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Brake Lever Travel . . . . . . . . . . 46, 85
Brake System Bleeding . . . . . . . . . . 87
Brakelight Replacement. . . . . . . . . . 89
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46, 85-87
C
Carbide Skags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Carburetion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58-59
Carburetor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Carburetor Adjustments. . . . . . . . . . 78
Carburetor Protection. . . . . . . . . . . 104
Carburetor Water/Sediment Trap . . 79
Chaincase Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72-73
Choke. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Choke Cable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Choke Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Cleaning and Preservation . . . . . . . 103
Clutch Alignment Offset . . . . . . . . . 90
Clutch and Drive System . . . . . . . . 104
Clutch Center Distance . . . . . . . . . . 90
Clutch Cover Warning. . . . . . . . . . . 21
Clutch Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Clutch System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90-93
Cold Weather Drive-Away . . . . . . . 17
Controls and Linkage. . . . . . . . . . . 103
Coolant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Coolant Level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80-83
Bleeding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82-83
Flushing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
D
Disabled Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Drive Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17, 91-93
Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Deflection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
124
E
Electrical Connections. . . . . . . . . . . 105
Engine Break-In. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52-53
Engine Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Engine Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Engine Stop Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Exhaust System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
F
Front Rear Scissor Stop . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Front Suspension Adjustments . . 28-30
Front To Rear Coupling. . . . . . . . . . . 36
FRSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55-56
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Fuel Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Fuel Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Fuel System Deicers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Fuel Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
H
Handlebar Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Headlight Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Headlight Bulb Installation . . . . . . . . 88
Headlight Bulb Removal . . . . . . . . . . 88
High Temperature Light . . . . . . . . . . 81
Hood Latches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
I
Ice and Snow Build-up . . . . . . . . . . . 14
IFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
IFS Adjustment Options . . . . . . . . . . 28
IFS Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Inadequate Snow Conditions . . . . . . . 18
Intake Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Intake Silencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
J
Jetting Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
INDEX
L
S
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88-89
Limiter Strap Position . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Low Oil Indicator Light . . . . . . . . . . 57
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-73
Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21-24
Safety Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Sag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Sediment Trap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Shock Compression Damping, Rear. 35
Shock Valving, IFS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Signal Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Ski Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Ski Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Ski Skags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Slide Rail and Track Cooling . . . . . . 53
Snow Conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Spark Plug. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Spark Plug Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Spark Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74-75
Speed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Spring Preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Spring Preload, IFS Shock . . . . . . . . 29
Spring Preload, Rear, IQ. . . . . . . . . . 33
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Steering Inspection/Adjustment . . . . 99
Steering System . . . . . . . . . 48, 99-102
Stopping, Emergency . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Storage, Daily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Storage, Extended . . . . . . . . . . 103-105
Studs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Survival Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Suspension Coupling, IQ . . . . . . 36-37
Suspension Inspection, Pre-Ride . . 102
Suspension Maintenance . . . . . . . . 102
Suspension Performance Tips. . . . . . 32
Suspension, Front, Lubrication. . . . . 70
Suspension, Rear, Lubrication . . . . . 70
M
Maintenance Interval Table . . . . 67-69
Maintenance Log . . . . . . . . . . 121-123
Maintenance Program . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Maneuverability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
N
No Passenger Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
O
Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Oil Injection System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Oil Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Oil Recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Operation Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 23-24
Operator Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
P
Park Brake Lever Lock . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Polaris Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Preload, IFS Shock Spring . . . . . . . . 29
Pre-Ride Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Pre-Ride Suspension Inspection . . . 102
Pressure Cap Warning . . . . . . . . . . . 21
R
T
Rail Slide Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Rear Rear Scissor Stop . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Rear Suspension Adjustments . . 31-38
Rear Suspension Adjustments, IQ 34-38
Rear To Front Coupling . . . . . . . . . . 37
Recoil Rope. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Recommended Maintenance. . . . . . . . 7
Registration, Warranty . . . . . . . . . . 114
Reverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Reverse Warning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Rider Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Riding Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Riding Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
RRSS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Taillight/Brakelight Replacement. . . 89
Throttle Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45, 61
Throttle Safety Switch . . . . . . . . 45, 60
Torque Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Torsion Spring Preload, IQ. . . . . . . . 34
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Track
Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Care for Storage . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 94-98
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
125
INDEX
T
V
Track Tension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32, 96
Track Warm-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Track Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Traction Products. . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-43
Transporting the Snowmobile . . . . 105
Troubleshooting
Drive Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107-109
IQ Rear Suspension . . . . . . . . 110
Tune-Up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Vehicle Identification Numbers. . . . . . 4
126
W
Wear Strips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Weight Transfer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Windchill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Windchill/Temperature Charts . . . . . 20