Owner`s manual | Chevrolet 1999 Corvette Automobile User Manual

Every
2001
Monte Carlo
under warranty is
backed with the
following
services:
Courtesy
Transportation
1-800-CHEV-USA ®
( For vehicles purchased in Canada,
call 1-800-268-6800)
that provides in an emergency:
Free lockout assistance
Free dead-battery assistance
Free out-of-fuel assistance
Free flat-tire change
Emergency towing
2001 Chevrolet Monte Carlo
Owner's Manual
Litho in U.S.A.
Part Number 10421935 A First Edition
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 2000
All Rights Reserved
i
Table of Contents
Seats and Restraint Systems
Section 1
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts
Air Bag Systems
Restraint Systems for Children
Features and Controls
Section 2
ii
Windows
Keys and Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry System (If Equipped)
Remote Trunk Release
Automatic Transaxle
Parking Brake
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Windshield Wipers
Cruise Control (If Equipped)
Exterior and Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Trunk Convenience Net (If Equipped)
Accessory Power Outlet/Auxiliary Power Connection
OnStar® System (If Equipped)
Power Sunroof (Option)
HomeLink® Transmitter (Option)
Instrument Panel, Warning Lights and Gages
Driver Information Center (Option)
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
Section 3
Heating and Air Conditioning
Setting the Radio Clock
Radio/Cassette Player/CD Player
Radio Theft-Deterrent Feature
Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Your Driving and the Road
Section 4
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Driving Tips for Various Road Conditions
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
Problems on the Road
Section 5
Hazard Warning Flashers
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
Changing a Flat Tire
If You're Stuck
iii
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Service and Appearance Care
Section 6
Fuel
Checking Fluids and Lubricants
GM Oil Life System™
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter (If Equipped)
Brakes
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires and Wheels
Appearance Care
Electrical System/Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Maintenance Schedule
Section 7
iv
Scheduled Maintenance
Owner Checks and Services
Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Maintenance Records
Table of Contents (cont'd)
Customer Assistance Information
Section 8
Customer Satisfaction Procedures
Customer Assistance Offices
Roadside Assistance and Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information (See Warranty Manual)
Reporting Safety Defects on page 8-10
Service Publications
Index
Section 9
In the Index you will find an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual.
You can use it to quickly find something you want to read.
Please refer to the last page of this manual for your Service Station Guide
v
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem and the
name MONTE CARLO are registered trademarks of
General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time
it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division
whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road.
If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so
the new owner can use it.
For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
vi
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find
that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
vii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
NOTICE:
These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that
can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage
would not be covered by your warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
viii
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle. Also see “Warning Lights and Gages” in the Index.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
These symbols
are important for
you and your
passengers
whenever your
vehicle is driven:
CHILD
RESTRAINT
TOP STRAP
ANCHOR
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
MASTER
LIGHTING
SWITCH
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
PARKING
LAMPS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
POWER
WINDOW
DAYTIME
RUNNING
LAMPS
AIR BAG
FOG LAMPS
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
FUSE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
LIGHTER
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
ix
Service Station Guide
For
a More
Detailed Look at
What's Under the Hood
Battery
Windshield Washer
Fluid
See Section 6
See Section 6
Cooling System
See Section 5
Tire Pressure
See Section 6
See Section 6
Spare Tire Pressure
See Section 5
Hood Release
See Section 6
Engine Oil Dipstick
See Section 6
Fuel
Oil Viscosity
Engine Oil
See Section 6
Use unleaded only.
See Section 6
for octane ratings.
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-9
1-13
1-14
1-14
1-21
1-22
1-23
1-31
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag Systems
Rear Seat Passengers
1-35
1-37
1-39
1-43
1-57
1-60
1-60
1-60
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults
Center Passenger Position
Children
Restraint Systems for Children
Older Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash
1-
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tells you how to adjust the seats and
explains reclining seatbacks and head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle is not moving.
1-2
Lift the bar under the front of the seat to unlock it. Slide
the seat to where you want it and release the bar. Try to
move the seat back and forth with your body to be sure
the seat is locked in place.
6-Way Power Seat (Option)
D Raise or lower the front portion of the seat cushion
by sliding the front of the switch up or down.
D Raise or lower the rear portion of the seat cushion by
sliding the rear of the switch up or down.
Manual Lumbar
This switch is designed to control the movements of
your seat cushion. It is located on the outboard side of
the front seats toward the front of the seat cushion. To
adjust the seat cushion, do any of the following:
D Move the seat forward or rearward by sliding the
switch to the front or the rear.
D Raise or lower the entire seat cushion by sliding the
switch up or down.
The knob that controls this feature is located on the
outboard side of the driver’s seat. Turn the knob toward
the front of the vehicle to increase lumbar support. Turn
the knob toward the rear of the vehicle to decrease
lumbar support.
1-3
Heated Front Seat (Option)
Reclining Front Seatbacks
The driver’s and
passenger’s heated
seat switches are on the
center console.
Press LO to warm the seat to a lower temperature. Press
HI to warm the seat to a higher temperature. To turn this
feature off, place the switch in the center position.
1-4
Lift the lever to release the seatback, then move the
seatback to where you want it. Release the lever to
lock the seatback in place. Pull up on the lever without
pushing on the seatback, and the seatback will
move forward.
CAUTION:
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job. In a crash you
could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
1-5
Head Restraints
Seatback Latches
There is a latch located
on the lower back of the
front seat.
The front seat folds forward to let people get into or out
of the rear seat.
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest to the top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
1-6
To fold the locked seatback forward, push the seatback
toward the rear and lift the latch. Then the seatback will
fold forward. The latch must be down for the seat to
work properly.
CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward
in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury
to the person sitting there. Always press rearward
on the seatback to be sure it is locked.
Easy Entry Manual Seat
The right front passenger seat is designed to make it
easy to get into and out of the rear seat.
1. Lift the latch on the back of the seat and tilt the right
front seatback forward. The seat will slide or can be
pushed forward to allow someone to get into or out
of the rear seat area.
2. Return the seatback upright to lock it. Slide the seat
fully rearward to lock it into its original position.
3. The front passenger must try to slide the entire
seat back and forth to make sure the seat is locked
into place.
CAUTION:
If an easy entry right front seat isn’t locked, it
can move. In a sudden stop or crash, the person
sitting there could be injured. After you’ve used
it, be sure to slide the easy entry seat back and
forth to be sure it is locked.
1-7
Split Folding Rear Seat
To lower either of the rear seatbacks, follow these steps:
You can fold either side of the seatback (or both sides)
down in your vehicle for more cargo space. Make sure
the front seat isn’t reclined. If it is, the rear seatback
may not fold down all the way.
1. Pull forward on the seat tab to unlock the seatback.
There is a tab located
on the outboard sides
of the seatbacks.
2. Fold the seatback down. This will allow you direct
access to the trunk.
To raise either of the rear seatbacks, lift the seatback up
and push it back into place. Make sure it latches. Push
and pull on the seatback to be sure it is locked into
position. When the seat is not in use, it should be kept in
the upright locked position.
If you plan to load items into the trunk through the split
folding rear seat, you must first turn off the trunk release
sensor. See “Trunk Release Sensor” in the Index for
more information.
1-8
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
And it explains the air bag system.
CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear
a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash, you might
not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properly too.
CAUTION:
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.
1-9
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
1-10
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
1-11
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-12
or the instrument panel ...
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts -- and the Answers
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q:
If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-13
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of serious
injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than
40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will
be riding in your vehicle, see the part of this manual
called “Children.” Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems
your vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
1-14
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-15
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-16
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-17
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled
in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt
would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces
would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could
cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your
belt into the buckle nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-18
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-19
Q:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted,
make it straight so it can work properly, or ask
your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-20
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-21
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier
in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for two things.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch
plate and keep pulling until you can buckle the belt.
On some vehicles, if you pull the shoulder portion of the
belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint
locking feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back
all the way and start again.
1-22
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air
bag systems.
Your vehicle has air bags -- a frontal air bag for the
driver and another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger. Your vehicle may also have a side impact air
bag for the driver. If your vehicle has a side impact air
bag for the driver it will say AIR BAG on the air bag
covering on the side of the driver’s seatback closest to
the door.
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag. But
these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job
and comply with federal regulations.
1-23
Here are the most important things to know about the air
bag systems:
CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt -- even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags are designed to work with
safety belts but don’t replace them.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-24
CAUTION: (Continued)
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to work only in moderate to
severe crashes where the front of your vehicle hits
something. They aren’t designed to inflate at all in
rollover, rear, side or low-speed frontal crashes.
And, for unrestrained occupants, frontal air bags
may provide less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful air bags have provided in the past.
The side impact air bag for the driver is designed
to inflate only in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the driver’s side of the vehicle. It
isn’t designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover or in
rear crashes. Everyone in your vehicle should wear
a safety belt properly -- whether or not there’s an
air bag for that person.
CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate with
great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If
you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for air bag inflation before and during a
crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
frontal air bags. The driver should sit as far back
as possible while still maintaining control of the
vehicle, and should not lean on the door.
CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
the best protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety
belt system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual
called “Children.”
1-25
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel,
which shows the air
bag symbol.
How the Air Bag Systems Work
Where are the air bags?
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-26
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s side impact air bag is in the side of the
driver’s seatback closest to the door.
1-27
CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t
put anything between an occupant and an air
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering and don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
When should an air bag inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal air
bags, which tailor the amount of restraint according to
crash severity. For moderate frontal impacts, these air
bags inflate at a level less than full deployment. For
more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.
1-28
If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that
doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level for the
reduced deployment is about 12 to 16 mph (19 to
26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full deployment
is about 18 to 24 mph (29 to 38.5 km/h). The threshold
level can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so
that it can be somewhat above or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
The driver’s side impact air bag is designed to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes involving the driver’s
door. The side impact air bag will inflate if the crash
severity is above the system’s designed “threshold
level.” The threshold level can vary with specific
vehicle design. The driver’s side impact air bag is not
designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. For
frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle of
the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down in
frontal and near-frontal impacts. For the side impact air
bag, inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For both
frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates
the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware
are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering
wheel, instrument panel and the side of the driver’s
seatback closest to the door.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal air
bags would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts, and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. The side impact air bag would not help you
in many types of collisions, including frontal or near
frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts, primarily
because the occupant’s motion is not toward that air bag.
Air bags should never be regarded as anything more
than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in
moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal collisions for
the driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags,
and only in moderate to severe side collisions for the
driver’s side impact air bag.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag, the
side of the seatback closest to the door for the driver’s
side impact air bag -- will be hot for a short time. The
parts of the bag that come into contact with you may be
warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some
smoke and dust coming from the vents in the deflated
air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver
from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it
stop people from leaving the vehicle.
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D Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or a door.
Your vehicle has a feature that will automatically unlock
the doors and turn the interior lamps on when the air
bags inflate (if battery power is available). You can lock
the doors again and turn the interior lamps off by using
the door lock and interior lamp controls.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from
the right front passenger air bag.
1-30
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for your
air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag
system won’t be there to help protect you in another
crash. A new system will include air bag modules
and possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
D Your vehicle is equipped with an electronic frontal
sensor, which helps the sensing system distinguish
between a moderate frontal impact and a more
severe frontal impact. Your vehicle is also equipped
with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which
records information about the frontal air bag system.
The module records information about the readiness
of the system, when the system commands air bag
inflation and driver’s safety belt usage at
deployment. The module also records speed, engine
rpm, brake and throttle data.
D Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag systems. Improper service can mean that an
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’s air bag, or the air bag
covering on the driver’s seatback, the bag may
not work properly. You may have to replace the
air bag module in the steering wheel, both the air
bag module and the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s air bag, or the air bag
module and seatback for the driver’s side
impact air bag. Do not open or break the
air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual
have information about servicing your vehicle and the
air bag systems. To purchase a service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. They are
probably part of the air bag systems. Be sure to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
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Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
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If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
On some vehicles, when the shoulder belt is pulled
out all the way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back
all the way and start again. If the belt is not long
enough, see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this
section. Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
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CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
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To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have
outgrown booster seats and for small adults. When
installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better
positions the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
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2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
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3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide
on top.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out
from the guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its
storage clip, and then slide the guide onto the clip.
Turn the guide and clip inward and in between the
seatback and interior body, leaving only the loop of
elastic cord exposed.
Center Passenger Position
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions”
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
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Lap Belt
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
When you sit in the center seating position, you have a
lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
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Children
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the
need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the
law in every state in the United States and in every
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by the
appropriate restraint. Young children should not use the
vehicle’s safety belts, unless there is no other choice.
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CAUTION: (Continued)
For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby will
become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.
CAUTION: (Continued)
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Q:
What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height and age but also whether or not the restraint
will be compatible with the motor vehicle in which
it will be used.
CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to, any
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder belts offer
outstanding protection for adults and older
children, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air
bag system is designed for them. Young children
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide.
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing
a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used in
a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that
come with the restraint state the weight and
height limitations for a particular child restraint.
In addition, there are many kinds of restraints
available for children with special needs.
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CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This is
necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is
weak and its head weighs so much compared with
the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing seat settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and
shoulders. Infants always should be secured in
appropriate infant restraints.
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CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip
bones are still so small that vehicle’s regular
safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones,
as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply
force on a body area that’s unprotected by any
bony structure. This alone could cause serious or
fatal injuries. Young children always should be
secured in appropriate child restraints.
Restraint Systems for Children
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to
restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface.
Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center
of the vehicle.
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
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A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
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A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and some
high-back booster seats have a five-point harness. A
booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.
Q:
A:
How do child restraints work?
A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which is
purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help reduce
the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to the
instructions that come with the restraint which may be
on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this
manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so
if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from
the manufacturer.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point
harness system has two shoulder straps, two hip
straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the
place of hip straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder
straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low
against the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type
shield has straps that are attached to a wide,
shelf-like shield that swings up or to the side.
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Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat.
General Motors, therefore, recommends that child
restraints be secured in the rear seat including an infant
riding in a rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in a
booster seat. Never put a rear-facing child restraint in
the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
1-46
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to
the vehicle.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a
kit is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also
have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. You’ll find them behind the
rear seat on the filler panel.
Anchor the top strap to one of these anchor points. Be
sure to use an anchor point located on the same side of
the vehicle as the seating position where the child
restraint will be placed.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready to
secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap
when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
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Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
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Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Some vehicles have a child restraint locking feature
on the shoulder belt retractor. You can tell if your
vehicle has this feature by pulling the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor. Then, let the belt go
back a few inches, and try to pull the belt out again.
If you can’t pull the belt out because it has locked, it
means the retractor has the child restraint locking
feature. If the belt doesn’t lock and you can pull the
belt out of the retractor again, it means your vehicle
doesn’t have the child restraint locking feature on the
shoulder belt retractor.
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D If your vehicle doesn’t have the child restraint
locking feature on the shoulder belt retractor,
tighten the belt by pulling up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint. If
you’re using a forward-facing child restraint you
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
D If your vehicle has the child restraint locking
feature on the shoulder belt retractor, pull the rest
of the shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor while you push down on the
child restraint. If you’re using a forward-facing
child restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint as you
tighten the belt.
1-50
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
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4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
1-52
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a
forward-facing child restraint in the right front seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
CAUTION:
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See “Seats” in the Index.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the
back of the rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rear-facing child restraint in the rear seat.
1-53
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
1-54
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Some vehicles have a child restraint locking feature
on the shoulder belt retractor. You can tell if your
vehicle has this feature by pulling the shoulder belt
all the way out of the retractor. Then, let the belt go
back a few inches, and try to pull the belt out again.
If you can’t pull the belt out because it has locked, it
means the retractor has the child restraint locking
feature. If the belt doesn’t lock and you can pull the
belt out of the retractor again, it means your vehicle
doesn’t have the child restraint locking feature on the
shoulder belt retractor.
D If your vehicle has the child restraint locking
feature on the shoulder belt retractor, pull the rest
of the shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock.
To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back
into the retractor while you push down on the
child restraint. You may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint as you
tighten the belt.
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D If your vehicle doesn’t have the child restraint
locking feature on the shoulder belt retractor,
tighten the belt by pulling up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint. You
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
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Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should
not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit
snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the
thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need to use
safety belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
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CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
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Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the Index.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face or neck, you might
want to place the child in the center seat position,
the one that has only a lap belt.
CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
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Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
doing its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
1-60
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have safety belt
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
the time of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
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2-6
2-8
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2-30
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2-39
2-41
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Windows
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry (If Equipped)
Trunk
Theft
Content Theft-Deterrent (Option)
Vehicle Customization Settings
PasslockR
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting Into PARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine
2- Exhaust
2-43
2-44
2-44
2-51
2-53
2-56
2-61
2-62
2-62
2-63
2-66
2-67
2-72
2-74
2-77
2-88
2-97
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Accessory Power Outlet
Auxiliary Power Connection (Power Drop)
Cellular Phone Readiness Package (Option)
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
Power Sunroof (Option)
HomeLinkR Transmitter (Option)
The Instrument Panel -- Your
Information System
Instrument Panel Cluster
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Message Center
Driver Information Center (DIC) (Option)
2-1
Windows
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by
the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-2
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
The driver’s window switch has an express-down
feature. This switch is labeled AUTO. Tap the rear of
the switch, and the driver’s window will open a small
amount. If the rear of the switch is fully pressed, the
window will go all the way down.
To stop the window while it is lowering, press the front
of the switch. To raise the window, press and hold the
front of the switch.
Both doors have power window switches located on the
armrest. The switches on the driver’s door armrest control
each of the windows when the ignition is in ON, ACC, or
when retained accessory power (RAP) is active.
2-3
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keys in a vehicle with children.
2-4
One key is used for the
ignition, the doors and
all other locks.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle has a number of features that can
help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your key inside. You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in. So be sure you have an
extra key.
If you need a new key, contact your Chevrolet dealer for
assistance. In an emergency, contact Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance. See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index for
more information.
2-5
Door Locks
CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
D Passengers -- especially children -- can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle won’t open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in
a crash if the doors aren’t locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the doors
whenever you drive.
D Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
D Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or stop
your vehicle. Locking your doors can help
prevent this from happening.
2-6
There are several ways to lock and unlock the vehicle.
From the outside, use the key or remote keyless entry
transmitter (if equipped).
To lock the door from the inside, push the manual lock
lever forward. To unlock, pull the lever rearward.
Power Door Locks
The power door lock switch
is located on the door above
the armrest.
Press the top part of the switch to unlock both doors, or
press the bottom part of the switch to lock both doors.
If your vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent
system and it is armed, the power door lock switches are
disabled. You must use your remote keyless entry
transmitter or your key to unlock the doors when the
system is armed.
Programmable Automatic Power
Door Locks
Programmable automatic power door locks is a standard
feature that is intended to provide enhanced security
and convenience by automatically locking and
unlocking doors.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: No automatic door lock or unlock.
Mode 2: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted out of PARK (P); no automatic door unlock.
Mode 3: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted out of PARK (P); automatic unlock for the driver’s
door only when the transaxle is shifted into PARK (P).
Mode 4: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted out of PARK (P); automatic all-door unlock
when the transaxle is shifted into PARK (P).
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 4. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left the
factory. To determine the mode to which your vehicle is
programmed or to program your vehicle to a different
mode, see “Vehicle Customization Settings” in the Index.
Disconnecting the vehicle’s battery for up to a year will
not change the programmed mode this feature.
2-7
Lockout Protection Feature
To protect you from locking your key in the vehicle, this
feature stops the power door locks from locking when
the keys are in the ignition and a door is open.
If a power lock switch is pressed when a door is open
and the key is in the ignition, both doors will lock and
then the driver’s door will unlock. A chime will sound
continuously until both doors are closed.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
Remote Keyless Entry (If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your trunk from about 3 feet (1 m)
up to 30 feet (9 m) away using the remote keyless entry
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Your remote keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
2-8
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this
device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
D Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
D Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
D Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
D If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
Panic Alarm Button
Operation
Press UNLOCK once to
unlock the driver’s door and
to turn on the interior
lamps. (See “Illumination
on Remote Activation” in
the Index for more details.).
This feature allows you to activate an alarm by pressing
a button on the remote keyless entry transmitter. The
ignition must be in OFF or ACC for the instant alarm to
work. When you press the horn button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter, the headlamps will flash, the
horn will honk repeatedly and your interior lamps will
illuminate attracting attention if you need it. The alarm
will continue until one of the following occurs:
D You press the alarm button on the remote keyless
entry transmitter a second time,
D the vehicle’s ignition is in ON or
D an alarm period of about 110 seconds has elapsed.
Pause for about one second, then press UNLOCK again
within five seconds to unlock the passenger’s door.
To lock both doors, press LOCK.
To release the trunk, press the trunk symbol on the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The shift lever must
be in PARK (P) for this to work.
Operating the remote keyless entry transmitter may
interact with the content theft-deterrent system
(if your vehicle this option). See “Content
Theft-Deterrent System” in the Index.
Transmitter Verification (If Equipped)
This feature provides feedback to the holder of the
remote keyless entry transmitter that a command has
been received by the keyless entry receiver. The
headlamps and back-up lamps will flash on every lock
and the first unlock command, and the horn will sound
once for every lock and twice for the first unlock
command. Silent operation and other options may be
selected for this feature (see “Vehicle Customization
Settings” in the Index).
2-9
If your vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent
system, the first time the remote unlock is received,
three flashes will be seen and three horn chirps heard to
indicate an alarm condition has occurred since last
arming. See “Content Theft-Deterrent System” in
the Index.
Illumination on Remote Activation
This feature provides interior illumination when a
remote keyless entry door unlock command is received
and executed, the trunk release button is pressed or
when the panic alarm is activated. The interior lamps
will illuminate until the ignition is turned to ON or until
an illumination period of 40 seconds has elapsed or the
doors are locked with the power lock switch or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. If a door is opened
during the illumination period, the timed illumination
will be canceled, and the interior lamps will remain on.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
If you prefer, you can complete this procedure yourself.
See “Vehicle Customization Settings” in the Index for
more information.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about three years.
You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change the battery.
2-10
To replace the battery use the following steps:
1. Insert a flat object like a coin into the slot on the
back of the transmitter. Gently pry apart the front
and back.
2. Gently pry the battery out of the transmitter.
Do not use a metal object.
3. Put the new battery into the transmitter as shown
on the transmitter (use type CR2032 battery
or equivalent).
4. Put the two halves back together. Make sure the
halves are together tightly so water won’t get in.
5. Resynchronize and then test the transmitter.
Resynchronization
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your
body transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
After you have changed the battery in your transmitter,
you will need to resynchronize the transmitter. To do
this, press the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons on the
transmitter at the same time and hold for approximately
seven seconds or until one brief horn chirp is heard.
2-11
Trunk
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into your vehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death.
If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and the
trunk lid:
D Make sure all other windows are shut.
D Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outside air into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
D If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
2-12
Trunk Lock
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the key in
the lock and turn it. You can also press the car symbol
on your remote keyless entry transmitter (if equipped).
Remote Trunk Release
You can also unlock
the trunk from inside
the vehicle.
Press the button located below the headlamp control
knob on the underside of the dashboard. The shift lever
must be in PARK (P) for the remote trunk release button
to work.
Trunk Assist Handle
NOTICE:
The trunk assist handle was not designed to be
used to tie down the trunk lid or as an anchor
point when securing items in the trunk. Improper
use of the trunk assist handle could damage it.
There is an assist handle located on the inside of the
trunk lid toward the driver’s side of the vehicle.
Pull down on the handle to lower the trunk lid. Then
close the trunk with your other hand. If the trunk is not
properly closed, the TRUNK OPEN message will
appear in the message center of your instrument panel
cluster. See “Trunk Open Message” in the Index for
more information.
2-13
Trunk Release Handle
There is a glow-in-the-dark trunk release handle located
inside the trunk on the latch. This handle will glow
following exposure to light. Pull the release handle up to
open the trunk from the inside.
Trap-Resistant Trunk Kit
To help prevent a child from becoming trapped in your
trunk, you can order a trap-resistant trunk kit from your
dealer. This kit includes:
D a modified trunk latch,
D a lighted release handle, and
D seatback tethers (for vehicles with folding
rear seatbacks).
See your dealer for additional information.
NOTICE:
The trunk release handle was not designed to be
used to tie down the trunk lid or as an anchor
point when securing items in the trunk. Improper
use of the trunk release handle could damage it.
2-14
Trunk Release Sensor TrapAlert
(If Equipped)
t System
The sensor is designed to open the trunk automatically.
If the sensor detects motion and a difference in
temperature in the trunk, the sensor will sound the horn
if the ignition is in OFF. There will be three short chirps
and a pause repeated for up to two minutes. After one
minute, the trunk latch will release. If the ignition is not
in OFF, the trunk latch will not release automatically
and the horn will not sound.
To cancel the horn alarm and automatically release
the trunk lid before two minutes are up, turn the
ignition to ON.
Do not cover the sensor with items you put into the
trunk or with add-on accessory equipment. If the
sensor’s field of view is blocked, it will not detect
motion and will not function properly.
Your vehicle may have a sensor located on the underside
of the filler panel inside the trunk.
Be sure to secure items in your trunk so that they won’t
move around and cause the trunk to open.
2-15
Disabling the Trunk Release Sensor
Because the sensor detects motion, there are times when
you may want to turn off the trunk sensor so that the
motion of your vehicle or items in the trunk won’t cause
the trunk to open, such as the following:
D when your vehicle is transported on a car ferry,
D when your vehicle is towed, or
D when you will be loading items through the opening
in the split folding rear seat (if equipped).
A. Sensor Lens
B. Disable Switch
Next to the sensor lens, there is a disable switch you can
use to turn off the trunk release sensor. To turn off the
sensor, turn the ignition to ON and press the switch next to
the lens for two seconds. The horn will chirp once when
the sensor is turned off. When the sensor is off, the light in
the switch will flash. The TRUNK OPEN message in the
message center will flash for one minute each time the
ignition is turned on as a reminder that the sensor is turned
off. See “Trunk Open Message” in the Index.
To turn the sensor on again, press the switch again or open
the trunk. When the trunk is opened, the sensor is
automatically turned back on. If the sensor is turned back
on with the disable switch, the horn will chirp once.
2-16
Servicing the Trunk Release Sensor
Key in the Ignition
The sensor lens should be inspected periodically.
If the lens is dirty, wipe it gently with a clean, soft
cotton cloth.
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
If there is an electrical problem with the sensor, the
SERVICE VEHICLE SOON message will appear in the
message center. There are other possible reasons for this
message to appear. Be sure to see your dealer as soon as
possible. See “Service Vehicle Soon Message” in the
Index for more information.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your ignition and transaxle will be locked. And
remember to lock the doors.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can help.
Parking at Night
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
2-17
Parking Lots
Content Theft-Deterrent (Option)
Even if you park in a lot where someone will be
watching your vehicle, it’s still best to lock it up and
take your keys. But what if you have to leave your key?
Your vehicle may have the optional content
theft-deterrent alarm system.
With this system, a light on the radio will flash.
This light reminds you to activate the theft-deterrent
system. Here’s how to do it:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or the
remote keyless entry transmitter. The light on the
radio should come on and stay on. If you are using
the remote keyless entry transmitter, the door does
not need to be open.
3. Close all doors. The light on the radio will slowly
flash once the system is armed.
Once armed, the alarm will go off if someone tries to enter
the vehicle (without using the remote keyless entry
transmitter or a key) or turns the ignition on with an
incorrect key. The horn will sound and the headlamps and
back-up lamps will flash for approximately two minutes.
When the alarm is armed, the trunk may be opened with
the remote keyless entry transmitter. If you use the key
to open the trunk, the alarm will sound. Also, the power
door lock switches are disabled. You must use your
remote keyless entry transmitter or your key to unlock
the doors when the system is armed.
D If possible, park in a busy, well-lit area.
D Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box. Be sure to close and lock the
storage area.
D
D
D
D
Close all windows.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key and remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
2-18
Arming with the Power Lock Switch
Your alarm system will arm when you use either power
lock switch to lock the doors while any door or the trunk
is open and the key is removed from the ignition.
The light on the radio flashes quickly to let you know
when the system is ready to arm with the power door
lock switches. The light on the radio will stop flashing
and stay on when you press the bottom of the power
lock switch, to let you know the system is arming. After
all doors and the trunk are closed and locked, the light
on the radio will flash slowly to let you know the system
is armed.
Arming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
Disarming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your
remote keyless entry transmitter to unlock the doors.
The light on the radio will go off to let you know the
system is no longer armed.
The first time a remote UNLOCK command is
received, three flashes will be seen and three horn
chirps heard to indicate an alarm condition has
occurred since last arming.
Disarming with Your Key
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your key
to unlock the doors. The light on the radio will go off to
let you know the system is no longer armed.
Your alarm system will arm when you use your remote
keyless entry transmitter to lock the doors, if the key is
not in the ignition. The light on the radio will turn on to
let you know the system is arming. After all doors and
the trunk are closed and locked, the light on the radio
will begin flashing at a very slow rate to let you know
the system is armed.
2-19
Vehicle Customization Settings
Some of the convenience features can be reset or
customized to perform according to your preference.
The features you can program depend upon the options
that came with your vehicle. The following list shows
the features that can be reset or customized along with
the option you need to program that feature:
D
D
D
D
D
Settings (Available for All)
Oil Life Reset (Available for All)
Low Tire Pressure Reset
Delayed Headlamp Illumination (Available for All)
Automatic Door Lock and Unlock
(Available for All)
D Trunk Jamb (Available with Content Theft System)
D Horn Chirp On Timer (Available with Remote
Keyless Entry)
D Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter Programming
(Available with Remote Keyless Entry)
D Return to Original Factory Settings
(Available for All)
D Exit Vehicle Customization Mode
Entering Programming Mode: To reset or customize
the features, you must first enter the vehicle
customization main menu. To enter the main menu, do
the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ACC or ON and the radio off.
D Remote Visual Verification (Available with Remote
2. Press and hold the DISP button on the radio for at
least five seconds until SETTINGS is displayed.
D Remote Audible Verification (Available with Remote
3. Press the SEEK up or down arrows to scroll through
each available feature on your main menu.
D Content Theft Operation (Available with Content
4. Press the PREV or NEXT buttons to scroll through
the lower menu. An asterisk will appear next to the
item that is the current setting.
Keyless Entry)
Keyless Entry)
Theft System)
2-20
The following information shows how to reset or
customize features after entering the main menu:
SETTINGS -- Display Current Settings
OIL LIFE -- Oil Life Reset: This feature allows you to
reset the GM Oil Life System Monitor after an oil
change, see “Engine Oil” in the Index. Be careful not to
reset the OIL LIFE accidentally at any time other than
when the oil has been changed. It can’t be reset
accurately until the next oil change. To clear the
CHANGE ENGINE OIL light from the instrument panel
cluster and reset the oil life monitor:
t
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until OIL
LIFE appears on the display.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. RESET will then be displayed.
3. Press the DISP button to reset. A chime will be heard
to verify the new setting and DONE will be
displayed for one second.
The CHANGE ENGINE OIL light is now reset. You can
either exit the programming mode by following the
instructions later in this section or program the next
feature available on your vehicle.
TIRE MON (Tire Inflation Monitor Reset): This
feature allows you to reset the tire pressure monitor after
checking all tire pressures, see “Tires” in the Index.
To clear the LOW TIRE PRESSURE light from
the instrument panel cluster and reset the low tire
pressure monitor:
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
TIRE MON appears on the display.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. RESET will be displayed.
3. Press the DISP button to reset. A chime will be heard
to verify the new setting and DONE will be
displayed for one second.
The low tire pressure monitor is now reset. You can
either exit the programming mode by following the
instructions later in this section or program the next
feature available on your vehicle.
LT DELAY (Delayed Headlamp Illumination): This
feature allows the vehicle’s headlamps and parking
lamps to stay on for a fixed amount of time after you
exit the vehicle.
2-21
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: OFF -- Turns feature off.
Mode 2: 30 SEC -- 30 seconds.
Mode 3: 60 SEC -- 60 seconds.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which your
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
AUTOLOCK (Automatic Door Lock and Unlock):
With the ignition in ON and the vehicle’s doors closed,
this feature allows the vehicle doors to automatically
lock and unlock when the driver shifts the vehicle’s
transaxle into and out of PARK (P).
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: OFF -- Turns feature off.
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
LT DELAY appears on the display.
Mode 2: LCK ONLY -- Automatic door lock
on/automatic door unlock off.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. The current selection will have an asterisk
next to it. (If you do not wish to change the current
mode, you can either exit the programming mode by
following the directions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
Mode 3: DRVR UNL -- Automatic door lock
on/automatic door unlock on (driver’s door only).
3. Scroll, using the PREV or NEXT buttons, through
the modes to change the current mode.
4. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. The new selection will be displayed
with an asterisk for one second.
2-22
Mode 4: ALL UNL -- Automatic door lock
on/automatic door unlock on.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 4. The mode to which your
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
AUTOLOCK appears on the display.
Programmable Modes
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. The current selection will have an asterisk
next to it. (If you do not wish to change the current
mode, you can either exit the programming mode by
following the directions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
Mode 2: ON -- One flash for each remote lock/two
flashes for each remote unlock.
3. Scroll, using the PREV or NEXT buttons, through
the modes to change the current mode.
4. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. The new selection will be displayed
with an asterisk for one second.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
FOB LIGHT (Remote Visual Verification): This
feature allows the exterior lights to flash when the
remote keyless entry transmitter is used to lock or
unlock the vehicle.
Mode 1: OFF -- Turns feature off.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
FOB LIGHT appears on the display.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. The current selection will have an asterisk
next to it. (If you do not wish to change the current
mode, you can either exit the programming mode by
following the directions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
3. Scroll, using the PREV or NEXT buttons, through
the modes to change the current mode.
4. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. A new selection will be displayed with
an asterisk for one second.
2-23
If your vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent
system, the first time a remote UNLOCK command is
received, three flashes will be seen and three horn chirps
heard to indicate an alarm condition has occurred since
last arming. See “Content Theft-Deterrent System”
in the Index.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which the vehicle
was programmed may have been changed since it left
the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
FOB HORN appears on the display.
FOB HORN (Remote Audible Verification): This
feature allows the horn to chirp when the remote keyless
entry transmitter is used to lock or unlock the vehicle.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: OFF -- Turns feature off.
Mode 2: PARTIAL -- One chirp for each remote LOCK
command/no chirp for remote UNLOCK command.
Mode 3: FULL -- One chirp for each remote
LOCK command/two chirps for the first remote
UNLOCK command.
2-24
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. The current selection will have an asterisk
next to it. (If you do not wish to change the current
mode, you can either exit the programming mode by
following the directions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
3. Scroll, using the PREV or NEXT buttons, through
the modes to change the current mode.
4. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. The new selection will be displayed
with an asterisk for one second.
If your vehicle has the optional content theft-deterrent
system, the first time the remote UNLOCK command is
received three chirps will be heard to indicate an alarm
condition has occurred since last arming. See “Content
Theft-Deterrent System” in the Index.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
ALARM (Content Theft Operation): This feature
allows the content theft-deterrent system to be turned
on or off.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: ALRM OFF -- Turns feature off.
Mode 2: ALRM ON -- Turns feature on.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which your
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
ALARM appears on the display.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. The current selection will have an asterisk
next to it. (If you do not wish to change the current
mode, you can either exit the programming mode by
following the directions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
3. Scroll, using the PREV or NEXT buttons, through
the modes to change the current mode.
4. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. The new selection will be displayed
with an asterisk for one second.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
TRNKJAMB (Trunk Jamb): This feature allows
the content theft system trunk lock sensor to be disabled
or enabled.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: TRNK OFF -- Turns feature off.
Mode 2: TRNK ON -- Turns feature on.
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 2. The mode to which your
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
TRNKJAMB appears on the display.
2-25
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. The current selection will have an asterisk
next to it. (If you do not wish to change the current
mode, you can either exit the programming mode by
following the directions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
When your vehicle was shipped from the factory, it was
programmed to Mode 1. The mode to which your
vehicle was programmed may have been changed since
it left the factory. To determine the mode to which your
vehicle is programmed or to program your vehicle to a
different mode, do the following:
3. Scroll, using the PREV or NEXT buttons, through
the modes to change the current mode.
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
CHIRP appears on the display.
4. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. The new selection will be displayed
with an asterisk for one second.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. The current selection will have an asterisk
next to it. (If you do not wish to change the current
mode, you can either exit the programming mode by
following the directions later in this section or
program the next feature available on your vehicle.)
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
CHIRP (Horn Chirp Timer): This feature allows you
to choose between short or long horn chirp sounds when
the remote keyless entry transmitter is used.
Programmable Modes
Mode 1: SHORT -- Short Chirp (16 msec)
Mode 2: LONG -- Long Chirp (32 msec)
2-26
3. Scroll, using the PREV or NEXT buttons, through
the modes to change the current mode.
4. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. The new selection will be displayed
with an asterisk for one second.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
ORIG. SET (Return to the Original Settings): This
feature allows you to return all feature customization
settings back to their original factory settings. To reset
do the following:
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
ORIG. SET appears on the display.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. SET ALL will appear.
3. With your preference displayed, press the DISP
button to select. A chime will be heard to verify the
new setting. The new selection will be displayed
with an asterisk for one second.
The original factory settings are now reset. You can
either exit the programming mode by following the
instructions later in this section or program the next
feature available on your vehicle.
3. Press the DISP button to start programming. When
the message PUSH FOB flashes, press and hold the
LOCK and UNLOCK buttons on the first transmitter
at the same time for 15 seconds. A chime will be
heard to verify the transmitter is learned.
4. Repeat Step 3 for each additional transmitter.
The transmitter is programmed now. You can either exit
the programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
EXIT (Exit Feature Customization Mode): This
feature allows you to exit the vehicle customization
programming. To exit do the following:
D Scroll until EXIT appears on the display.
D Press the DISP button to exit programming.
A chime will be heard to verify the exit.
FOB PROG (Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter
Programming): This feature allows you to match the
remote keyless entry transmitter to your vehicle. To
match the transmitter do the following:
1. Scroll, using the SEEK up or down arrows, until
FOB PROG appears on the display.
2. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. BEGIN will be displayed.
2-27
PasslockR
Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock
theft-deterrent system.
Passlock is a passive theft-deterrent system. Passlock
enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with a
valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition lock
cylinder is tampered with, fuel is disabled and the
engine will not start.
During normal operation, the SECURITY message will
be displayed after the key is turned to the ON ignition
position. See “Message Center, Security” in the Index.
If the engine stalls and the SECURITY message flashes,
wait until the light stops flashing before trying to restart
the engine.
If the engine is running and the SECURITY message
comes on, you will be able to restart the engine if you turn
the engine off. However, your Passlock system is not
working properly and must be serviced by your dealer.
Your vehicle is not protected by Passlock at this time. You
may also want to check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index). See your dealer for service.
In an emergency, contact Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance. See “Roadside Assistance” in the Index
for more information.
2-28
New Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
D Don’t drive at any one speed -- fast or
slow -- for the first 500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
D Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops with new linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
D Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
Ignition Positions
The ignition switch is
located on the instrument
panel, to the right of the
steering column.
With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn the
switch to four positions.
OFF: This is the only position from which you can
remove the key. Removing the key locks your ignition
and automatic transaxle.
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in OFF and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if
so, is it all the way in? Turn the key only with
your hand. Using a tool to force it could break
the key or the ignition switch. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
ACC (ACCESSORY): This is the position in which
you can operate your electrical accessories. With the
key in this position, the ignition and automatic transaxle
will unlock.
ON: This is the position to which the switch returns
after you start the engine and release the switch.
The switch stays in ON when the engine is running.
But even when the engine is not running, you can use
ON to operate your electrical power accessories and to
display some instrument panel cluster messages and
warning lights.
2-29
START: This position starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch will
return to ON for normal driving.
When the engine is not running, ACC and ON allow you
to operate your electrical accessories, such as the radio.
A warning chime will sound if you open the driver’s
door when the ignition is in OFF or ACC and the key is
in the ignition.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
With Retained Accessory Power (RAP), your power
windows, audio system and sunroof (option) will
continue to work for up to 10 minutes after the ignition
is turned to OFF and none of the doors is opened.
2-30
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
Starting Your 3400 V6 Engine
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine warms up.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If the engine doesn’t start in 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal about one-quarter of the way down
while you turn the key to START. Do this until the
engine starts. As soon as it does, let go of the key.
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for a maximum of 15 seconds. This clears
the extra gasoline from the engine. If the engine still
won’t start or starts briefly but then stops again,
repeat Step 1 or 2, depending on temperature.
When the engine starts, release the key and the
accelerator pedal.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
2-31
Starting Your 3800 Series II V6 Engine
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid
draining your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, hold your key
in START for about 10 seconds at a time until
your engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try.
2-32
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts
briefly but then stops again, do the same thing.
This time keep the pedal down for five or six
seconds to clear the extra gasoline from the engine.
After waiting about 15 seconds, repeat the normal
starting procedure.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
In very cold weather, 0_F (-18_C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
cord is attached to the underside of the vehicle’s
diagonal brace, which is located above the engine air
cleaner/filter assembly.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
2-33
Automatic Transaxle Operation
The above graphic is displayed on your instrument
panel cluster.
Your automatic transaxle has a shift lever located on the
console between the front seats.
2-34
Maximum engine speed is limited on automatic
transaxle vehicles when you’re in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) to protect driveline components from
improper operation.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start your engine
because your vehicle can’t move easily.
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towing a Trailer”
in the Index.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic
transaxle shift lock control system. You must fully apply
your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
when the ignition is in ON. If you cannot shift out of
PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever by pushing it
all the way into PARK (P) while keeping the brake pedal
pushed down and the shift lever button pressed in.
Release the shift lever button. Then move the shift lever
out of PARK (P). See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)”
in the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see “If
You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
2-35
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
B
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ): This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
D going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
2-36
D going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator pedal all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly, or
if it seems not to shift gears as you go faster,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So, if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced right away. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE ( ) for higher speeds.
B
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, but it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ):
B
D When driving on hilly, winding roads.
D When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
D When going down a steep hill.
D When driving in non-highway scenarios
NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than
25 miles (40 km), or at speeds over 55 mph
(90 km/h), or you can damage your transaxle.
Use AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ) or
THIRD (3) as much as possible.
Don’t shift into SECOND (2) unless you are
going slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
B
(i.e. city streets, etc.).
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakes off and on.
2-37
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
shift lever is in FIRST (1), the transaxle won’t shift into
first gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
Parking Brake
The parking brake is
located to the left of the
brake pedal, near the
driver’s door.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’t turn, don’t try to drive.
This might happen if you were stuck in very deep
sand or mud or were up against a solid object.
You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P)
to hold your vehicle in position on a hill.
2-38
To set the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down
with your right foot. Push down the parking brake pedal
with your left foot.
To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal
down with your right foot and push the parking brake
pedal with your left foot. When you lift your left
foot, the parking brake pedal will follow it to the
released position.
A warning chime will sound if the parking brake is set,
the ignition is on and the shift lever is not in PARK (P).
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and parking on any hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even
when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you’re pulling a trailer, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
2-39
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
D Hold in the button on the shift lever.
D Push the lever all the way toward the front of
your vehicle.
3. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-40
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if
you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P)
without first pulling it toward you (or, if you have the
console shift lever, without first pushing the button). If
you can, it means that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked
into PARK (P).
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of Park (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.” To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index.
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You must fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the
ignition is in ON. See “Automatic Transaxle Operation”
in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever by pushing it all the way into PARK (P)
while keeping the brake pedal pushed down. Then move
the shift lever out of PARK (P), being sure to press the
shift lever button.
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition key to ACC.
2. Apply and hold the brake pedal until the end
of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the engine and shift to the drive gear you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-41
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
2-42
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
D Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
D Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
D Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
D Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
D Repairs weren’t done correctly.
D Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
D Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
D Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust.”
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the fan switch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaust -- with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See “Blizzard” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Horn
Press at or near the horn symbols on your steering wheel
pad to sound the horn.
2-43
Tilt Wheel
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive. You can raise the steering wheel
to the highest level to give your legs more room when
you exit and enter the vehicle, or you can lower it so that
you’re more comfortable while driving.
To adjust the wheel, hold
the steering wheel and pull
the lever. Move the steering
wheel to a comfortable
level, then release the lever
to lock the wheel into place.
The lever located on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
D
D
D
D
D
2-44
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
Flash-to-Pass Feature
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Turn Signal On Chime
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
If you leave either one of your turn signals on and
drive more than 3/4 mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound
to alert you.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return automatically.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster will flash in
the direction of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
If the arrow flashes faster than normal as you signal a
turn or a lane change, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.
To change your headlamps from low beams to high
beams, or high to low, pull the multifunction lever all
the way toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams are
on, this blue light on the
instrument panel cluster
also will be on.
This light works only when the key is in ON, and the
fog lamps (if equipped) are not illuminated when the
high beams are on.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and then check
the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index).
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Flash-to-Pass Feature
This feature lets you use your high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass.
It works even if your headlamps are off.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you a little,
but not so far that you hear a click.
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band to LO.
For high-speed wiping, turn the band further, to HI.
To stop the wipers, turn the band to OFF.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time. The
closer to LO, the shorter the delay between wipes.
If your headlamps are off or on low beam, your
high-beam headlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as
long as you hold the lever toward you and the
high-beam indicator on the dash will come on. Release
the lever to turn the high-beam headlamps off.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Windshield Wipers
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
When the ignition key is in the ACC or ON position,
you can control the windshield wipers by turning the
band marked WIPER. For a single wiping cycle, turn the
band to MIST. Hold it there until the wipers start, then
let go. The wipers will stop after one cycle. If you want
more cycles, hold the band on MIST longer.
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Windshield Washer
At the top of the multifunction lever, there’s a paddle
with the word PUSH on it. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle. The wipers will run for
several sweeps and then either stop or return to your
preset speed. The ignition key must be in the ACC or
ON position to for this to work. See “Windshield
Washer Fluid” in the Index.
CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
United States
Canada
The LOW WASHER FLUID message in the message
center will appear when the fluid level is low.
When you are low on washer fluid, the LOW WASHER
FLUID message will be illuminated in the message
center for 60 seconds. After 60 seconds, it will go out.
When the ignition is turned off, this message will appear
again for three seconds as a reminder that the fluid level
is low.
Until the fluid tank is refilled, every time you start your
vehicle, the LOW WASHER FLUID message will be
illuminated in the message center for 60 seconds and
then go out. Be sure to check the fluid level and refill
the tank right away.
2-47
Cruise Control (If Equipped)
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system (optional) begins to limit wheel spin,
the cruise control will automatically disengage. See
“Traction Control System” in the Index. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may turn
the cruise control back on.
Setting Cruise Control
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
D Cruise control can be dangerous where
D
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control.
Don’t use cruise control on slippery roads.
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If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switch off until you want to use
cruise control.
1. Press the cruise control
ON button on the
steering wheel to turn
it on.
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course shuts off
the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
press the RES button on
your steering wheel. You’ll
go right back up to your
chosen speed and stay there.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET button on your steering wheel
and release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator.
The CRUISE light on the instrument panel cluster will
come on after the cruise control has been set to the
desired speed.
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Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
D Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Press the SET button on the steering wheel, then
release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
D Press the ACC button on the steering wheel. Hold it
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
there until you get up to the speed you want and then
release the button. (To increase your speed in very
small amounts, press the ACC button briefly and
then release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle
will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will only work after you set the
cruise control speed by pressing the SET button on the
steering wheel.
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Ending Cruise Control
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
D Press the COAST button on the steering wheel until
you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.
D To slow down in very small amounts, press the
COAST button on the steering wheel briefly.
Each time you do this, you’ll go about 1 mph
(1.6 km/h) slower.
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There are two ways to cancel the cruise control:
D Step lightly on the brake pedal.
D Press the OFF button on the steering wheel.
Erasing Cruise Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
Exterior Lamps
If you pull the knob out halfway, it will turn on your
parking lamps and your other operating lamps. If you
pull the knob all the way out, your headlamps will then
come on.
Push the knob in all the way to turn off the lamps.
A warning chime will sound if you open the driver’s
door when you turn the ignition switch to OFF with
the lamps on.
Daytime Running Lamps / Automatic
Headlamp Control
The lamp controls are located on the instrument panel.
They control the following systems:
D
D
D
D
D
D
Headlamps
Taillamps
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully
functional daytime running lights are required on all
vehicles first sold in Canada.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes
the DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
Parking Lamps
License Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Dome Lamp
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The DRL system will make your high-beam headlamps
come on at a reduced brightness when the following
conditions are met:
D The ignition is on,
D the headlamp switch is off and
D the gearshift is not in PARK (P).
When the DRL are on, only your high-beam headlamps, at
a reduced level of brightness, will be on. The headlamps,
taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on.
Your instrument panel and cluster won’t be lit up either.
When it’s dark enough outside, your high-beam
headlamps will turn off and the headlamps and parking
lamps will turn on. The other lamps that come on with
your headlamps will also come on.
When it’s bright enough outside, your headlamps will go
off and your DRL will come on.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
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Delayed Headlamp Illumination
Delayed headlamp illumination provides a period of
exterior lighting as you leave the area. The feature is
activated when the headlamps are on due to the
automatic headlamp control feature described previously
in this section, and when the ignition is turned off.
Your headlamps will then remain on until the headlamp
knob is moved from OFF to the parking lamp position
or until either a 30 second or 60 second lighting period
has ended.
If you turn off the ignition with the headlamp knob in
the parking lamp or headlamp position, the delayed
headlamp illumination cycle will not occur.
To disable the delayed headlamp illumination feature or
change the time of delay, see “Vehicle Customization
Settings” in the Index.
Fog Lamps (If Equipped)
To turn the fog lamps on,
press the fog lamps button
located next to the exterior
lamp control on the left side
of the steering column. Your
ignition must be in ON for
the fog lamps to illuminate.
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
You can brighten or dim the instrument panel lights and
cluster by turning the exterior lamp knob. Turn the knob
clockwise to increase the brightness of the instrument
panel and cluster, and counterclockwise to decrease the
brightness. Your parking lamps must be on for this
feature to work.
Courtesy Lamps
A light will glow in the button to let you know that the
fog lamps are on. (Your parking lamps must be on or
your fog lamps won’t come on.) Press the button again
to turn the fog lamps off. The fog lamps will go off
whenever you change to high-beam headlamps.
When you return to low beams, the fog lamps will come
on again.
When a door is opened, several lamps will come on.
These lamps are courtesy lamps. They make it easy for
you to enter and leave your vehicle. You can also turn
these lamps on by turning the exterior lamps knob
clockwise all the way.
Some of the lamps have switches so you can turn them
on, even when the doors are closed. These lamps are
reading lamps, located on the rearview mirror.
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Illuminated Entry (If Equipped)
Delayed Entry Lighting
Your courtesy lamps will come on and stay on for a set
time whenever you press UNLOCK on the remote
keyless entry transmitter (if equipped).
Delayed entry lighting illuminates the interior for a
period of time after all the doors have been closed.
If you open a door, the lamps will stay on while it’s open
and then turn off automatically about 25 seconds after
you close it. If you press UNLOCK and don’t open a
door, the lamps will turn off after about 40 seconds.
Illuminated entry includes a feature called theater
dimming. With theater dimming, the lamps don’t just
turn off at the end of the delay time. Instead, they slowly
dim after the delay time until they go out. The delay
time is canceled if you turn the ignition key to ON or
press the power door lock switch so the lamps will dim
right away.
When the ignition is on, illuminated entry is inactive,
which means the courtesy lamps won’t come on unless a
door is opened. If the ignition is on and the vehicle is
not in PARK(P), the lamps will come on only when the
driver’s door is opened.
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The ignition must be off for delayed entry lighting to
work. Immediately after both doors have been closed,
the delayed entry lighting feature will continue to work
until one of the following occurs:
D The ignition is in ON,
D the doors are locked or
D an illumination period of 25 seconds has elapsed.
If during the illumination period a door is opened, the
timed illumination period will be canceled and the
interior lamps will remain on.
Delayed Exit Lighting
Reading Lamps
This feature illuminates the interior for a period of time
after the key is removed from the ignition.
The reading lamps are located on the rearview mirror.
These lamps and the interior courtesy lamps come on
when any door is opened. Press the button to turn them
on. Press it again to turn them off.
The vehicle’s ignition must be off for delayed exit
lighting to work. When the key is removed, interior
illumination will activate and remain on until one of the
following occurs:
Dome Lamp
D The ignition is in ON,
D the power door locks are activated or
D an illumination period of 25 seconds has elapsed.
The dome lamp will come on when you open a door.
You can also turn this lamp on by turning the headlamp
knob clockwise as far as it will go.
If during the illumination period a door is opened, the
timed illumination period will be canceled and the
interior lamps will remain on.
Your vehicle has a feature to help prevent you from
draining the battery in case you accidentally leave the
interior courtesy lamps, reading/map lamps, visor vanity
lamps, trunk lamp or glove box lamps on. If you leave
any of these lamps on, they will automatically turn off
after 10 minutes, if the ignition is in OFF. The lamps
won’t come back on again until you do the following:
Parade Mode
The instrument panel has an added feature called
parade mode. This feature prohibits the dimming of
your instrument panel displays during the daylight while
the headlamps are on so that you’ll still be able to see
the displays.
Battery Rundown Protection
D Turn the ignition on or
D turn the lamp switch off, then on.
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If your vehicle has less than 15 miles (25 km) on the
odometer, the battery saver will turn off the lamps after
only three minutes.
Battery rundown protection will also work if the
headlamps are left on. After having been left on for
10 minutes, the headlamps and the parking lamps will
flash three times. They will remain on for one more
minute before being turned off automatically.
Mirrors
Adjust all the mirrors so you can see clearly when you
are sitting in a comfortable driving position.
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror with
OnStarR and Map Lamps (Option)
This mirror has a lever located at the bottom of the
mirror between the two map lamps. This lever is used to
change the mirror from day to night position. To reduce
glare from headlamps behind you while driving at night,
turn the lever 90 degrees. To return to the mirror back to
the day position, return the lever to its original position.
There are two map lamps located on the bottom of the
mirror. Each lamp is turned on and off by pressing the
button next to the lamp.
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror with
Map Lamps
To reduce glare from headlamps behind you, pull the
lever at the bottom of the mirror toward you (to the
night position). To return the mirror back to the day
position, push the lever away from you.
There are two map lamps located on the bottom of the
mirror. Each lamp is turned on and off by pressing the
button next to the lamp.
2-56
There are also three OnStar buttons located at the
bottom of the mirror face. See your dealer for more
information on the system and how to subscribe to
OnStar. See “OnStarR System” in the Index for
more information about the services OnStar provides.
Electrochromic Automatic Dimming
Rearview Mirror (Option)
One photocell on the front of the mirror senses when it
is becoming dark outside. Another photocell, facing
rearward, senses headlamps behind you. To turn the
electrochromic feature off, press the button in the center
of the mirror again.
To keep the photocells operating well, occasionally
clean them with a cotton swab and glass cleaner.
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview Mirror
with OnStarR and Map Lamps (Option)
Your vehicle may have an automatic electrochromic
day/night rearview mirror with the OnStar System.
Your vehicle may have an electrochromic day/night
rearview mirror. Push the button in the center of the
mirror to turn this feature on. The mirror will darken
gradually to reduce glare from headlamps behind you.
This may take a few moments. The mirror will lighten
whenever you shift to REVERSE (R).
The automatic dimming feature is turned on or off by
pressing the far left button, located on the lower part of
the mirror face, for up to three seconds. When turned on,
this mirror functions exactly like the electrochromic
mirror described previously. See “Mirrors,
Electrochromic Day/Night Rearview” in the Index for
more information.
There are two map lamps located on the bottom of the
mirror. Each lamp is turned on and off by pressing the
button next to the lamp.
There are two map lamps located on the bottom of the
mirror. Each lamp is turned on and off by pressing the
button next to the lamp.
2-57
Power Outside Mirrors
The power mirror controls
are located near the
driver’s side window,
on the armrest.
There are also three OnStar buttons located at the
bottom of the mirror face. See your dealer for more
information on the system and how to subscribe to
OnStar. See “OnStarR System” in the Index for
more information about the services OnStar provides.
To choose either the left or right outside mirror, press
either side of the top switch. Press any of the four
arrows located below the top switch on the control to
move the mirrors in the desired direction.
Adjust each mirror so you can see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
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Convex Outside Mirror
Storage Compartments
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
Glove Box
CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Heated Outside Mirrors (Option)
Use the door key to lock and unlock the glove box.
To open, lift the latch.
Center Console
The console has cupholders, a cassette tape storage area
and a coinholder. To open the console’s storage area,
pull up on the latch located in the front of the console lid
and pull up.
Rear Seat Armrest and Cupholders
To access the rear cupholders, pull down on the
cloth strap located toward the top of your center
back seat cushion. You will then have access to the
dual cupholders.
The surface of both outside mirrors will heat when you
activate the rear window defogger. See “Rear Window
Defogger” in the Index.
2-59
Trunk Convenience Net (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it
on the back wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind or inside the
net. It can help keep them from falling over during sharp
turns or quick starts and stops.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store those in the
trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
you’re not using it.
Ashtrays and Lighter
The removable front ashtray is located on the console
and fits into the cupholder.
The ashtray is removable with a cupholder and liner
underneath. To remove the ashtray, lift up on the ashtray
and liner and pull the ashtray out. The ashtray assembly
can be stored until needed.
The rear ashtray is located behind a small door at the
rear of the console. Push on the right side of the door.
The ashtray will then turn to the right for usage. You can
only access the ashtray by pushing on the door’s right
side. To remove the ashtray, push down on the snuffer
located in the middle of the ashtray and lift it out.
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NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into
your ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or other
smoking materials could set them on fire,
causing damage.
To use the lighter, just push it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
back away from the heating element when it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also move them from side to side. The visors also
have extenders that you can pull out for added coverage.
Visor Vanity Mirrors
Open the cover to expose the vanity mirror.
If your vehicle has the lighted vanity mirrors, the lamps
come on when you open the cover.
Accessory Power Outlet
Your vehicle has a 12-volt
accessory power outlet.
It is located at the rear of
the console.
Lift the cover to access the outlet. This feature can be
used to add electrical equipment to your vehicle.
Certain accessory power plugs may not be compatible to
the accessory power outlet and could result in blow
vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem,
see your dealer for additional information on the
accessory power plugs.
NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment, and never use anything that
exceeds the fuse rating.
2-61
Auxiliary Power Connection
(Power Drop)
Your vehicle is equipped
with an auxiliary
power connection.
NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment, and never use anything that
exceeds the fuse rating.
Cellular Phone Readiness
Package (Option)
This feature provides power, ground and accessory
wires which can be accessed to add aftermarket
electrical equipment to your vehicle. It is located on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle, under the glove box, and
is labeled with a wire function and fuse rating. For
information on accessing the connection and electrical
hookup, please refer to your service manual. To order a
service manual, see “Service Publications, Ordering” in
the Index.
2-62
Your vehicle may be equipped with a wiring harness that
will work with a dealer-installed GM HughesR portable
phone. The phone has integrated features with the radio
and car audio speakers. See your dealer for more details.
OnStarR System (If Equipped)
OnStar is a vehicle communications system that offers a
variety of services and provides a hands-free
communication link between you and the OnStar Center.
A service subscription agreement and fee are required in
order to receive OnStar service. Services are available
24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For more information,
call 1-888-ONSTAR-7 (1-888-667-8277).
OnStar Services Button: Press this button once to
contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with
these services. If you are not quickly connected, the
system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures
connection to the center; there is no additional action
required. Press the Call Answer/End button to cancel the
automatic redial.
Emergency Button: In an emergency situation,
press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the
call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and
assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert
the nearest emergency service provider.
Call ANSWER/END Button: Use this button to
answer a call. (If you are receiving a call, the audio
system will mute, and the ring will be heard). Press this
button at the end of a call to disconnect and return the
audio system to its previous settings. This button will
also cancel a call if one of the buttons is accidentally
pressed or if the automatic redial function is activated.
Volume Control: You can control the volume of the
OnStar System using either the volume control knob
on the radio or using the steering wheel volume control
(if equipped).
Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of
the system. A solid green light will come on when you
start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on
and is ready to make or receive calls.
If the light blinks green it means that an incoming
or outgoing call is in progress. Press the Call
ANSWER/END button if you notice the light
blinking and you are not on a call.
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The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system
malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar button to
attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection is made,
the advisor will assist you with steps to take to make
sure that the system is functioning properly. If you
cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your
dealership as soon as possible for assistance.
Safety and Security Services
D Automatic Notification of Air Bag
Deployment -- If an air bag deploys, a priority
emergency signal is automatically sent to the center.
An advisor will locate your vehicle’s position, try to
contact you and assist you in the situation. If the
center is unable to contact you, an emergency service
provider will be contacted.
D Stolen Vehicle Tracking -- Call the center at
1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report your
vehicle stolen. The system can then locate and track
your vehicle and the advisor will be able to notify
the proper authorities.
D Roadside Assistance with Location -- For vehicle
breakdowns, press the OnStar button. An advisor
will contact the appropriate help.
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D Remote Diagnostics -- If an instrument panel light
comes on, the center can perform a check of the
engine on-board computer. An advisor can then
recommend what action needs to be taken.
D OnStar MED-NET -- Med-Net can store your
personal medical history and provide it to emergency
personnel if necessary.
D Accident Assist -- An advisor can provide
step-by-step guidance following an accident.
D Remote Door Unlock -- To contact the center, call
1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to provide
your security information. An advisor will send a
command to your vehicle to unlock itself. The
advisor can delay unlocking your vehicle. Remote
Door Unlock is disabled 48 hours after the vehicle is
parked to maintain the battery charge.
D Vehicle Locator Service -- To contact the center,
call 1-888-4-ONSTAR. You will be required to
provide your security information. An advisor will
send a command to your vehicle to sound the horn
and/or flash the lamps.
In order to provide you with excellent service, calls with
the OnStar Center may be monitored or recorded.
Premium Services (Includes Safety and
Security Services)
D Route Support -- An advisor can provide directions
or guidance to anywhere you want to go. In addition,
they can help you locate gas stations, rest areas,
ATMs, hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.
D Concierge Services -- The concierge advisor can
obtain tickets, reservations, or help with vacation/trip
planning and other unique items and services.
D Ride Assist -- An advisor can locate transportation
in the event that you are unable to drive.
OnStar System Limitations
Complete limitations can be found on the Subscriber
Services Agreement.
OnStar Service is:
D available in the United States and Canada;
D available when the vehicle is within the operating
range of a cellular provider;
D subject to limitations caused by atmospheric
conditions, such as severe weather or topographical
conditions, such as mountainous terrain;
D subject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.
Global positioning capabilities used to deliver
OnStar Service will not be available if satellite
signals are obstructed.
2-65
OnStar will not function if the vehicle’s battery is
discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative if
the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle
electrical system components are damaged.
Safety and security services are provided by existing
governmental emergency service providers. OnStar will
use reasonable efforts to contact the appropriate
emergency service provider and request assistance but
cannot promise that they will respond to the call in a
timely manner or at all.
Power Sunroof (Option)
Your vehicle may have an express-open sunroof. It
includes a sliding and tilting glass panel and a sunshade.
The switch works only when the ignition is in ACC, ON
or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active. The
switch is located on the overhead console if the vehicle
is equipped with a Driver Information Center (DIC). If
not, the sunroof switch is located in the headliner in the
roof panel.
To open the power sunroof,
press the switch to the rear
twice and the power sunroof
will fully open.
Assist Handle
An assist handle above the passenger door can be used
when getting out of your vehicle.
Garment Hooks
For your convenience, garment hooks are attached to the
rear trim near the roof of the vehicle.
DIC Version Shown
2-66
To activate the express-open feature, press the switch
rearward. You can stop the power sunroof before it is
completely open by pressing the switch forward.
HomeLinkR Transmitter (Option)
Your sunroof also has a vent feature. It can be activated
from the closed sunroof position by pressing the switch
once rearward. To close, push the sunroof switch
forward. When using this feature the sunshade should be
fully opened in the rearward position.
The sunshade can be opened manually by sliding it
rearward or automatically by opening the power
sunroof. You will need to close the sunshade manually
by sliding it forward.
To close the sunroof, press the switch forward and hold
until the sunroof motor stops, or release the switch when
the desired position has been reached.
The HomeLink Transmitter allows you to consolidate
the functions of up to three individual hand-held
transmitters. It will operate garage doors and gates, or
with the accessory package, other devices controlled by
radio frequency such as home/office lighting systems
and security systems.
The HomeLink Transmitter will learn and transmit the
frequencies of most current transmitters and is powered
by the battery and charging system.
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This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of
the device.
Changes and modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-68
Programming the HomeLinkR Transmitter
Do not use the transmitter with any garage door opener
that does not have the “stop and reverse” feature. This
includes any garage door opener model manufactured
before April 1, 1982.
Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage
door you are programming!
The engine should be turned off while programming the
HomeLink Transmitter. Follow these steps to program
up to three channels:
1. If you have not previously programmed a universal
channel, proceed to Step 2. Otherwise, hold down
the two outside buttons on the HomeLink
Transmitter until the indicator light begins to flash
rapidly (approximately 20 seconds). Then release the
buttons. This procedure initializes the memory and
erases any previous settings for all three channels.
2. Hold the end of the hand-held transmitter
approximately one to three inches (three to eight cm)
away from the HomeLink Transmitter making sure
that you can still see the display.
3. Decide which one of the three channels you want to
program. Using both hands, press the hand-held
transmitter button and the desired button on the
HomeLink Transmitter. Continue to hold both
buttons through Step 4.
4. Hold down both buttons until you see the indicator
light on the HomeLink Transmitter flash, first slowly
then rapidly. The rapid flashing, which could take up
to 90 seconds, indicates that the HomeLink
Transmitter has been programmed. Release both
buttons once the light starts to flash rapidly.
Canadian Programming: During programming, your
hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting. Continue to press and hold the HomeLink
button while you press your hand-held transmitter
button every two seconds until the HomeLink
Transmitter has been programmed. The indicator light
will flash slowly and then rapidly after several seconds
once it has been successfully programmed.
If you have trouble programming the HomeLink
Transmitter, make sure that you have followed the
directions exactly as described and that the battery in the
hand-held transmitter is not dead. If you still cannot
program it, flip the hand-held transmitter end over end
and try again. The HomeLink Transmitter may not work
with older garage door openers that do not meet current
Federal Consumer Safety Standards. If you cannot
program the transmitter after repeated attempts, consult
your dealer.
Be sure to keep the original hand-held transmitter
in case you need to erase and reprogram the
HomeLink Transmitter.
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Operating the Transmitter
Press and hold the appropriate button on the
HomeLinkR Transmitter. The house symbol comes on
while the signal is being transmitted.
The effective transmission range of the HomeLink
Transmitter may differ from the hand-held transmitter
and from one channel to another.
Training a Garage Opener with a “Rolling
Code” Feature
If you programmed the HomeLinkR Transmitter, but
the garage door will not open, and if your garage door
opener was manufactured after 1995, your garage door
may have a security feature that changes the “code”
of your garage door opener every time it is opened
or closed.
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To determine if your garage door opener has this
“rolling code” feature, press the appropriate button
on the HomeLink Transmitter that was programmed.
If the indicator light flashes rapidly for one or
two seconds, then turns solid, your garage door opener
has this feature.
To program a garage door opener with the rolling code
feature, do the following:
1. Program your hand-held transmitter to the
HomeLink Transmitter by following the steps
provided under “Programming the Transmitter”
earlier in this section.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful to
have another person available to assist you in
programming the transmitter.
2. Remove the cover panel from the garage door
opener receiver. It is located near the garage door
opener motor.
3. Locate the training button on the garage door opener
receiver. The exact location and color will vary
among brands.
4. Press the training button on the garage door opener
receiver. This will activate the training light.
5. Within thirty seconds of pressing the training button,
return to your vehicle and press the programmed
button on the HomeLink Transmitter until the
indicator light flashes rapidly (about two seconds).
6. Release the button, then press it again to confirm it
was programmed to the garage door opener receiver.
It may take more than one attempt to confirm that
the transmitter was programmed.
Erasing Channels
To erase all three programmed channels, hold down the
two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to
flash. Individual channels cannot be erased, but can be
reprogrammed using the procedure for programming the
transmitter explained earlier.
Accessories
Accessories for the HomeLinkR Transmitter are
available from the manufacturer of the unit. If you
would like additional information, please call
1-800-355-3515.
You may now use either the HomeLink Transmitter or
the hand-held transmitter to open your garage door.
If you still have difficulty in programming and require
assistance, please call 1-800-355-3515.
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The Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
2-72
The main components of your instrument panel are listed here:
A. Instrument Panel Fuse Block
G. Remote Trunk Release
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
(behind steering wheel)
H. Hood Release
C. Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
I. Steering Wheel Cruise Control Switches
(If Equipped)
D. Hazard Warning Flasher Switch
J. Ignition Switch
E. Audio System
K. Automatic Transaxle Shift Lever
F. Exterior Lamp Controls
L. Climate Controls
2-73
Instrument Panel Cluster
3400 V6 Engine Cluster: United States Version Shown, Canadian Similar
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how fast
you’re going, about how much fuel is in your tank and many other things you need to drive safely and economically.
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3800 V6 Engine Cluster: United States Version Shown, Canadian Similar
2-75
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven in
either miles (used in the United States) or in kilometers
(used in Canada).
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer. If you see
ERROR, you’ll know someone has probably tampered
with it and the numbers may not be accurate.
If the button is pressed and held for longer than
1.5 seconds while in the trip odometer mode, it will be
reset to zero. If the button is pressed and held for longer
than 1.5 seconds while in the odometer mode, it will
have no effect.
Your trip odometer will work no matter what position
your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Tachometer
The tachometer displays
the engine speed in
thousands of revolutions
per minute (rpm).
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the
mileage total of the old odometer, then that will be done.
But if it can’t, then it will be set at zero and a label must
be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
Your trip odometer tells how far you have driven since
you last reset it.
Your trip/select reset switch will go back and forth
between the odometer and the trip odometer if the
button is pressed and released within 1.5 seconds.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the shaded area, or engine damage may occur.
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Warning Lights, Gages
and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you
are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle may also have a driver information center
that works along with the warning lights and gages.
See “Driver Information Center” in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to ON, a chime will come on
for about eight seconds to remind people to fasten
their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds,
then it will flash for
about 55 seconds.
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Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensors, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and
diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag
system, see “Air Bag” in the Index.
This light will come on
when you start your vehicle,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
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CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid
injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle
serviced right away if the air bag readiness light
stays on after you start your vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Voltmeter Gage (3800 V6 Engine)
You can read battery
voltage on the
voltmeter gage.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
The LOW BRAKE FLUID message in the message
center will also appear when there is a brake problem.
See “Low Brake Fluid Message” in the Index. Have
your brake system inspected right away.
If the gage reads less than 12 volts or more than 16 volts
while the engine is running, and it stays there, you may
have a problem with the electrical charging system.
Also, when your gage reads less than 11 volts or more
than 16 volts, your battery life indicator will be
illuminated in the message center. For more information
see “Battery Life Indicator” in the Index.
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it doesn’t come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there’s a problem.
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If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towed for service. See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” and “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
The anti-lock brake
system warning light
should come on for a
few seconds when you
turn the ignition key
to ON.
CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to an accident. If the light is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
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If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays on longer
than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn the
ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on when
you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn the
ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the
system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again while
you’re driving, the anti-lock brake system needs service
and you don’t have anti-lock brakes. The brake pedal may
be harder to push, or it may go to the floor. It may take
longer to stop. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Traction Control System Warning Light
The traction control
system warning light
may come on for the
following reasons:
D If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
D If you turn the system off by pressing the TRAC
OFF button located on the center console, a chime
will sound and the warning light will come on and
stay on. To turn the system back on, press the
button again. The warning light should go off.
See “Traction Control System” in the Index for
more information.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
United States-3400 V6
Engine Cluster
United States-3800 V6
Engine Cluster
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Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light)
Canada-3400 V6
Engine Cluster
Canada-3800 V6
Engine Cluster
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.
It also provides an indicator of how hard your vehicle is
working. During the majority of the operation, the gage
will read 210_F (100_C) or less.
If you are pulling a load or going up hills, it is normal
for the temperature to fluctuate and approach the 250_F
(122_C) mark. When the gage reads greater than 250_F
(122_C), the HOT COOLANT TEMP light will be
illuminated in the message center and a chime will
sound continuously. If the gage reaches the 260_F
(125_C) mark, it indicates that the cooling system is
working beyond its capacity.
See “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
2-82
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life
of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. The CHECK ENGINE light comes on to
indicate that there is a problem and service is required.
Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system
before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more
serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
D Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis
and service may be required.
D Light On Steady -- An emission control system
NOTICE:
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
Modifications made to the engine, transaxle,
exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or
the replacement of the original tires with other
than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria
(TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls
and may cause the CHECK ENGINE light to
come on. Modifications to these systems could
lead to costly repairs not covered by your
warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass
a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.
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If the Light Is Flashing
If the Light Is On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
D
D
D
D
Reducing vehicle speed.
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
Avoiding hard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See “Filling Your Tank” in the Index. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been
left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel
cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A
few driving trips with the cap properly installed should
turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see
“If the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
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Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Are you low on fuel?
As your engine starts to run out of fuel, your engine may
not run as efficiently as designed since small amounts of
air are sucked into the fuel line causing a misfire. The
system can detect this. Adding fuel should correct this
condition. Make sure to install the fuel cap properly. See
“Filling Your Tank” in the Index. It will take a few
driving trips to turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
“Fuel” in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the CHECK
ENGINE light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed
to evaluate critical emission control systems during
normal driving. This may take several days of routine
driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does
not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system
readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to
prepare the vehicle for inspection.
2-85
Oil Pressure Indicator/Low Oil
Pressure Light
The oil pressure
indicator tells you if
you have the correct
oil pressure in your
engine to operate
your vehicle.
United States
Canada
This message is displayed in the message center when
the engine oil pressure is low. A chime will sound
continuously, also.
3800 V6 Engine
Under normal conditions the indicator should read
slightly above the half way point between the low “L”
and high“H” settings.
If your oil pressure falls too low, the indicator will read
at the low setting in the red zone. The LOW OIL
PRESSURE light will be illuminated in the message
center, also. If this occurs, you should have your vehicle
serviced immediately.
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If this occurs, you should have your vehicle
serviced immediately.
CAUTION:
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low.
If you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Fuel Gage
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and is not covered
by your warranty.
Cruise Light (If Equipped)
The CRUISE light comes
on whenever you set your
cruise control. See “Cruise
Control” in the Index.
United States-3400 V6
Engine Cluster
United States-3800 V6
Engine Cluster
Canada-3400 V6
Engine Cluster
Canada-3800 V6
Engine Cluster
2-87
The fuel gage, when the ignition is on, tells you about
how much fuel you have left in your tank.
The gage will first indicate empty before you are out of
fuel, and you should get more fuel as soon as possible.
Modes
Service Traction System
Here are three situations you may experience with your
fuel gage. None of these indicate a problem with the
fuel gage.
D At the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off before the
gage reads full.
D It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
fuel gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or less than half the tank’s capacity to fill
the tank.
D The gage goes back to empty when you turn off
the ignition.
Message Center
The message center is located below the tachometer
gage on the instrument panel cluster. It gives you
important safety and maintenance facts.
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United States
Canada
If this message appears when you are driving, there is a
problem with your traction control system and your
vehicle is in need of service.
When this message is displayed, the system will not
limit wheel spin. The message will stay on for 60
seconds and then go out. Four chimes will also be heard.
Adjust your driving accordingly.
When the ignition is turned off, this message will be
displayed again for three seconds to remind you that
your traction control system is not working properly. Be
sure to have your vehicle serviced right away.
Traction Active
Battery Life Indicator
When the vehicle is started
this message will be
displayed for three seconds.
United States
Canada
This message will appear when the traction control
system is limiting wheel spin.
The message will stay on a few seconds after the
traction system stops limiting wheel spin.
If the message is displayed when the engine is running,
you may have a problem with your charging system. If
there is a problem with the charging system, four chimes
will sound when the message comes on. The battery
display will also stay on while the key is in ON until the
engine is started.
If the message stays on after starting the engine it
could indicate a problem with the generator drive belt,
or some other charging system problem. Have it
checked right away. Driving with this message on
could drain your battery.
If you must drive a short distance with this message
displayed, it helps to turn off all your accessories.
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Hot Coolant Temp
United States
Low Coolant Level
Canada
This message is displayed when the cooling
system temperature gets hot. A chime will sound
continuously, also.
Check the coolant temperature gage and the coolant
level. See “Engine Coolant,” “Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage” and “Engine Overheating” in
the Index for further information.
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United States
Canada
This message is displayed when the cooling system is
low on coolant. Four chimes will also sound.
The engine may overheat. See “Engine Coolant”
in the Index and have your vehicle serviced as soon
as possible.
Low Oil Pressure
United States
Low Eng Oil Level
Canada
This message is displayed when the engine oil pressure
is low. A chime will sound continuously, also. See “Oil
Pressure Indicator/Low Oil Pressure Light” earlier in
this section.
United States
Canada
This message is displayed for 60 seconds at the start of
each ignition cycle when the engine oil level is low.
Four chimes will also sound.
When the ignition is turned off, this message will be
displayed again for three seconds to remind you that
your engine oil level is low. Be sure to have your vehicle
serviced right away.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index on how to check the oil
level and for what type of oil to add.
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Change Engine Oil
United States
Door Ajar
Canada
United States
Canada
This message is displayed when the engine oil needs
to be changed. It will appear for 60 seconds. After
60 seconds, it will go out.
This message will appear if the driver’s door or the
passenger’s door is not completely closed and the
ignition is in ON.
Once the engine oil has been changed, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message must be reset. Until it is reset,
the message will be displayed for 60 seconds each time
you start the engine. For more information on resetting
the system, see “Engine Oil, When to Change” in
the Index.
If you are in a forward or reverse gear position you will
also hear four chimes.
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Security
United States
Low Fuel
Canada
United States
Canada
This message is displayed to monitor the
PasslockR system.
This message is displayed when your vehicle is low on
fuel. Four chimes will also sound.
If the security message is displayed continuously while
driving and stays on, there may be a problem with the
Passlock system. Your vehicle will not be protected by
Passlock, and you should see your dealer for service.
Refer to the fuel gage for a better indication of the
amount of fuel remaining in the fuel tank.
2-93
Low Brake Fluid
United States
Low Washer Fluid
Canada
This message will be displayed when your vehicle has a
brake problem. The brake system warning light will also
be illuminated.
If this message appears, the brakes aren’t working
properly. You should have your vehicle serviced
immediately. See “Brake System Warning Light” in the
Index for more information.
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United States
Canada
This message is displayed when the vehicle is low on
windshield washer fluid.
The message is only displayed for 60 seconds at the start
of each ignition cycle. For more information see,
“Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index.
When the ignition is turned off, this message will be
displayed again for three seconds to remind you that
your washer fluid is low. Be sure to refill the washer
fluid tank right away.
Low Tire Pressure
United States
Service Vehicle Soon
Canada
The low tire pressure system monitors the inflation
pressure of the tires.
If one or more of the tires is low, the LOW TIRE
PRESSURE message in the system’s monitor will be
displayed and four warning chimes will sound.
When you have checked the tire pressures, be sure to
reset the tire inflation monitor. See “Tires” in the Index.
United States
Canada
This message will come on if you have engine problems.
These problems may not be obvious and may not
affect vehicle performance or durability. Consult a
qualified dealership for necessary repairs to maintain
top vehicle performance.
This message may also appear if there are electrical
problems with the trunk release sensor. See “Trunk
Release Sensor” in the Index for more information.
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Trunk Open
United States
Highbeam Out
Canada
United States
Canada
This message will appear if the trunk is not completely
closed and the ignition is in ON.
If this message appears, you may have a problem with
your high-beam headlamps.
If you are in a forward or reverse gear position you will
also hear four chimes.
The message will stay on approximately 60 seconds.
When the ignition is turned off, this message will be
displayed again for three seconds to remind you that you
may have a problem with your highbeam-headlamps.
Be sure to check your bulbs right away and replace them
if necessary.
If this message flashes for one minute after the ignition
is turned on, the trunk release sensor is turned off.
See “Trunk Release Sensor” in the Index for
more information.
See “Bulb Replacement” in the Index.
2-96
Driver Information Center
(DIC) (Option)
RESET (Reset Button):
D You can reset the AVG ECON, FUEL USED or
AVG SPEED trip computer modes by pressing and
holding this button for three seconds while you are
in the mode you wish to reset. A chime will sound
to confirm that your requested change has been
made, and all the segments of the display will briefly
light up.
To change the display to a metric or English reading,
press the RESET and MODE buttons at the same
time. Hold them down for three seconds, and the
display will change. A chime will be heard to
confirm the new selection.
D The reset button can be used to set the compass zone
variation. See “Compass Variance” in the Index.
D The reset button can also be used to manually
Optional Sunroof Version Shown
The DIC will show information about the vehicle and
the surroundings.
calibrate the compass. See “Manual Compass
Calibration” in the Index.
2-97
MODE (Mode Button):
Setting the Variance
D Press this button to cycle through three modes of
operation -- Off, Compass/Temperature and Trip
Computer mode.
D In the Trip Computer mode, pressing the MODE
button cycles through the five displays. Press the
MODE button after the last Trip Computer display to
return the DIC to the OFF mode.
Off: No driver information is displayed in this mode
of operation.
Compass/Temperature Mode: One of eight compass
readings and the outside temperature are displayed. If
the temperature is below 38_F (3_C), the word “ICE” is
displayed for two minutes.
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between magnetic
north and geographic north. In some areas of the
country, the difference is great enough to cause the
compass to give false readings. If this occurs, the
compass variance must be set.
2-98
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
Compass/Temperature mode. Press the RESET button
for approximately five seconds. The last entered
variance zone number and “VAR” will be displayed.
Press the MODE button until the proper variance
number on the map is shown. Press the RESET button to
set the new variance zone and resume normal operation.
All the display segments will be illuminated briefly to
acknowledge the change in zone number. A chime will
sound to confirm that the new zone number has been set.
Automatic Compass Calibration
The compass is self-calibrating, which eliminates the
need to manually set the compass. When the vehicle
is new, the calibration process may not be complete.
In these cases “CAL” will be displayed, and all
segments of the compass will be illuminated where the
compass reading is normally displayed.
Manual Compass Calibration
If the compass appears erratic and the calibration
symbol does not appear, you must manually put the
compass into the calibration mode.
Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
Compass/Temperature mode. Press the RESET button
for at least 10 seconds until the calibration symbol
appears and all segments of the compass display are
illuminated. A chime will sound to confirm that the
calibration mode is active. Release the button and
complete two or three 360_ turns in an area free from
large metal objects. The calibration symbol will turn off
and the compass reading will be displayed. A chime will
sound to verify that the calibration is complete.
Error Displays
All Segments Illuminated
To calibrate the compass, in an area free from large
metal objects, make one or two 360_ turns. The
calibration symbol will turn off and the compass reading
will be displayed.
D An error of the speed sensor or fuel sender will
cause -E- to be displayed.
D In the absence of vehicle communications,
a dash “--” is displayed.
If one of these error messages appear, see your dealer.
2-99
Trip Computer
D FUEL USED (Trip Fuel Used): This shows the
accumulated fuel used since the last reset.
There are five trip computer displays which may be
stepped through by pushing the MODE button.
The information will appear in the following order:
D AVG SPEED (Average Speed): This shows the
D AVG ECON (Average Fuel Economy): This shows
Resetting the Trip Computer
the average fuel economy since the last reset.
D INST ECON (Instantaneous Fuel Economy): This
shows fuel economy for the most recent second
of driving.
D RANGE (Trip Range): This shows the estimated
distance that can be traveled with the remaining fuel.
The fuel economy used to calculate range is based on
the last few hours of driving. When in a low fuel
condition, the word “LO” is displayed.
2-100
average speed since the last reset.
Press and hold the RESET button for at least three
seconds. The reset is acknowledged with the display
showing all segments on briefly and a chime. A reset
can only be done in AVG ECON, FUEL USED
and AVG SPEED displays. Each setting must be
reset individually.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-4
3-6
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-9
3-9
Comfort Controls
Manual Single Zone Climate Control
Dual ComforTemp Climate Control
(If Equipped)
Air Conditioning
Heating
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Ventilation System
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock for Systems with
Radio Data System
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
with Radio Data System (RDS) and Automatic
Tone Control
t
3-19
3-26
3-37
3-37
3-38
3-38
3-39
3-41
3-41
3-41
3-42
3-42
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Radio Data System (RDS) and Automatic
Tone Control (Option)
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data System
(RDS) and Automatic Tone Control (Option)
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Backglass Antenna
Vehicle Customization Settings
Chime Level Adjustment
3-
3-1
Comfort Controls
Manual Single Zone Climate Control
Temperature Knob
The center knob on the control panel changes the
temperature of the air coming through the system. Turn
this knob toward red (clockwise) for warmer air. Turn it
toward blue (counterclockwise) for cooler air.
Mode Knob
The right knob on the control panel has several settings
to control the direction of the airflow:
UPPER: This setting directs air through the
instrument panel outlets.
With this system, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle. The system works best if
you keep your windows closed while using it.
Fan Knob
The knob on the left side of the climate control panel
regulates the fan speed. To turn the fan off, turn the
knob to OFF.
If airflow seems very low when the fan knob is turned to
the highest setting, regardless of the mode setting, your
passenger compartment air filter (if equipped) may need
to be replaced. See “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index.
3-2
BI-LEVEL: This setting directs air two ways.
Half of the air is directed through the instrument panel
outlets. Most of the remaining air is directed through
the floor vents and a small amount to the windshield
defroster and side window outlets.
LOWER: This setting sends most of the air
through the ducts near the floor. The remaining air
comes out of the defroster and side window outlets.
The RECIRCULATION button cannot be selected in
this mode.
DEFOG: This setting sends half of the air to
the floor ducts and half to the defroster and side
window outlets. The air conditioning compressor will
run automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40 _F (4_C). The air inlet
will also be automatically set to outside air. The
RECIRCULATION button cannot be selected in
this mode.
DEFROST: This setting directs most of the air
through the defroster and side window vents. Some of
the air also goes to the floor ducts. The air conditioning
compressor will run automatically in this setting unless
the outside temperature is below 40_F (4_C).
The air inlet will also be automatically set to outside air.
The RECIRCULATION button cannot be selected in
this mode.
RECIRCULATION: Press this button to limit
the amount of outside air entering your vehicle. This is
helpful when you are trying to limit odors entering your
vehicle. This button is usable in UPPER and BI-LEVEL
modes. An indicator on the button will light up when
this button is selected. The system will default back to
the outside air setting, so you will have to reselect this
setting every time you restart your vehicle.
While in the RECIRCULATION mode the system
may cause fogging of the windows when the weather
is cold and damp. To clear the fog, select either the
DEFOG or DEFROST mode and increase the fan speed.
To avoid refogging of the windows, use the OUTSIDE
AIR setting.
A/C: Press this button to turn the air conditioning
on and off. The system will cool and dehumidify the air
inside the vehicle when the A/C light and the fan are on.
OUTSIDE AIR: Press this button to force the
system to use outside air. This button is usable in all of
the air delivery modes on the right knob. An indicator
on the button will light up when this button is selected.
3-3
Dual ComforTemp
(If Equipped)
t Climate Control
Driver’s Temperature Lever
The lever on the left adjusts the air temperature on the
driver’s side independent of the temperature set by the
passenger. Slide the lever upward to raise the temperature.
Slide the lever downward to lower the temperature.
Passenger’s Temperature Lever
The lever on the right adjusts the air temperature on the
passenger’s side independent of the temperature set by the
driver. Slide the lever upward to raise the temperature.
Slide the lever downward to lower the temperature.
Mode Knob
The Dual ComforTemp Climate Control system allows
the driver and passenger to maintain separate temperature
settings. The system works best if you keep your
windows closed while using it.
Fan Knob
The knob on the left side of the climate control panel
regulates the fan speed. To turn the fan off, turn the
knob to OFF.
If the airflow seems very low when the fan is adjusted to
the highest setting regardless of the mode setting, your
passenger compartment air filter (if equipped) may need
to be replaced. See “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index.
3-4
The knob on the right side of the control panel has
several settings to control the direction of airflow:
UPPER: This setting directs air through the
instrument panel outlets.
BI-LEV: This setting directs air two ways.
Half of the air is directed through the instrument panel
outlets. Most of the remaining air is directed through
the floor vents and a small amount to the windshield
defroster and side window outlets.
LOWER: This setting sends most of the air
through the ducts near the floor. The remaining air
comes out of the defroster and side window outlets.
The RECIRCULATION button cannot be selected in
this mode.
DEFOG: This setting sends half of the air
to the floor ducts and half to the defroster and side
window outlets. The air conditioning compressor will
run automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40_F (4_C). The air inlet
will also be automatically set to outside air. The
RECIRCULATION button cannot be selected in
this mode.
DEFROST: This setting directs most of the air
through the defroster and side window vents. Some of
the air also goes to the floor ducts. The air conditioning
compressor will run automatically in this setting unless
the outside temperature is below 40_F (4_C). The
air inlet will also be automatically set to outside air.
The RECIRCULATION button cannot be selected
in this mode.
OUTSIDE AIR: Press this button to force the
system to use outside air. This button is usable in all of
the air delivery modes on the right knob. An indicator
on the button will light up when this button is selected.
RECIRCULATION: Press this button to limit
the amount of outside air entering your vehicle. This is
helpful when you are trying to limit odors entering your
vehicle. This button is usable in UPPER and BI-LEVEL
modes. An indictor on the button will light up when this
button is selected. The system will default back to the
outside air setting, so you will have to reselect this
setting every time you restart your vehicle.
While in the RECIRCULATION mode the system
may cause fogging of the windows when the weather
is cold and damp. To clear the fog, select either the
DEFOG or DEFROST mode and increase the fan speed.
To avoid refogging of the windows, use the OUTSIDE
AIR setting.
A/C: Press this button to turn the air conditioning
on and off. The system will cool and dehumidify the air
inside the vehicle when the A/C light and fan are on.
3-5
Air Conditioning
Heating
On very hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot, inside air escape. This reduces the time for the
vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed
for the air conditioner to work its best.
On cold days, turn the right knob on the control panel to
LOWER. Push the OUTSIDE AIR button on and move
the temperature control all the way in the red area. The
system will bring in outside air, heat it and send it to the
floor ducts.
For quick cool-down on very hot days, turn the right
knob on the control panel to UPPER; push the A/C
button on; push the RECIRCULATION button on
and move the temperature control all the way in the
blue area. If this setting is used for long periods of time,
the air in your vehicle may become too dry.
For normal cooling on hot days, turn the right knob on
the control panel to UPPER; push the A/C button on;
push the OUTSIDE AIR button on and move the
temperature control all the way in the blue area.
The system will bring in outside air and cool it.
On cool, but sunny days, the sun may warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
To remedy this you can turn the right knob on the
control panel to BI-LEV. Push the A/C button on and
move the temperature control to a comfortable setting.
3-6
Ventilation
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, turn the right knob on the control
panel to UPPER; push the A/C button off; push the
OUTSIDE AIR button on and move the temperature
control to a comfortable setting. Your vehicle also has
the flow-through ventilation system described later in
this section.
Defogging and Defrosting
Your system has two settings for clearing the front
and side windows. To defrost the windows quickly, use
DEFROST with the temperature indicator(s) all the way
in the red area. To warm passengers while keeping the
windows clear, use DEFOG. For more information,
see “Recirculation” in the Index.
Rear Window Defogger
Press the button marked
REAR to turn the defogger
on. An indicator on the
button will light.
Do not attach anything like a temporary vehicle license
or decal across the defogger grid.
NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or something else sharp
on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
Don’t put decals there because you might have
to scrape them off.
When turned on, the rear window defogger uses a
warming grid to remove fog from the rear window. If
your vehicle has the heated outside rearview mirrors, they
will heat to clear the mirror surface before driving. The
rear window defogger and the mirrors will automatically
turn off after about 15 minutes. If you turn them on
again, the defogger and the mirrors will only stay on
for about seven and one half minutes before turning
off again. You can also turn them off by turning the
ignition off or by pressing the button again.
3-7
Ventilation Tips
Ventilation System
Adjust the direction
of airflow by moving
the vents.
D Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater
and defroster will work far better, reducing the
chance of fogging the inside of your windows.
D When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, adjust the
mode knob to LOWER and the fan to the highest
speed for a few seconds before driving off. This
helps clear the intake ducts of snow and moisture
and reduces the chance of fogging the inside of
your windows.
D Keep the air path under the front seats clear of
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air into the vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the air conditioning
fan is running and the OUTSIDE AIR button is pushed.
If the airflow seems very low when the fan is adjusted to
the highest setting, regardless of the mode setting, your
passenger compartment air filter may need to be
replaced. See “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index.
3-8
objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
Audio Systems
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the
most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it
first. Find out what your audio system can do and how
to operate all its controls, to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
with Radio Data System (RDS) and
Automatic Tone Control
Setting the Clock for Systems with Radio
Data System
Press and hold the HR or MN buttons, located below the
tune knob, for two seconds. Then press and hold HR
until the correct hour appears. AM or PM will appear on
the display. Press and hold MN until the correct minute
appears. The clock may be set with the ignition on or
off. The clock symbol will appear on the display in
time-set mode.
To set the clock to the time of an FM station
broadcasting Radio Data System (RDS) information,
press and hold HR and MN at the same time for two
seconds until UPDATED and the clock symbol appear
on the display. If the time is not available from the
station, NO UPDAT will appear on the display instead.
Playing the Radio
PWR: Press this button to turn the system on and off.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
DISP: Press this button to display the clock with the
ignition off. Press this button to display an RDS station
frequency or program type when the radio is on.
3-9
AUTO VOL: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Press AUTO VOL to adjust the SCV.
AVOL will appear on the display. Each time you press
AUTO VOL, another volume setting (LOW, MEDIUM
or HIGH) will appear on the display. NONE will appear
on the display if the radio cannot find out the vehicle
speed. Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
particular speed. The volume level should always sound
the same to you as you drive. If you don’t want to use
SCV, select OFF. Each volume setting allows for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Finding a Station
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. The radio will seek to stations
with a strong signal only.
3-10
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 18
stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing
the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization that
best suits the type of station selected.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
radio will produce one beep. Whenever you press
that numbered button, the station you set will return
and the AUTO TONE equalization that you selected
will also be automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press and hold one of the arrows for more
than two seconds. The radio will produce one beep. Use
P SCAN to listen to each of your favorite stations stored
on your pushbuttons for a few seconds. The radio will
scan through each of the stations stored on your
pushbuttons, except those stations with weak reception.
The AUTO TONE setting stored for that pushbutton will
be automatically chosen. Press P SCAN or one of the
pushbuttons again to stop scanning. SCAN will be
displayed whenever the tuner is in the P SCAN mode.
The channel number (P1-P6) will appear with the
frequency. In FM mode, this function will scan
through the current band such as FM1 or FM2.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until BASS appears on the display. Then turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise to
decrease bass. The display will show the bass level.
When you use this control, the radio’s AUTO TONE
setting will switch to manual. To set bass to the middle
position, select the control and press and hold the
P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and set the display level to the middle position.
To set all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob when no tone or speaker control is active. The
radio will produce one beep and display ALL with the
level display in the middle position.
TREBLE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to increase treble and counterclockwise to
decrease treble. The display will show the treble level.
When you use this control, the radio’s AUTO TONE
setting will switch to manual. If a station is weak or
noisy, you may want to decrease the treble. To set treble
to the middle position, select the control and press and
hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio
will produce one beep and set the display level to the
middle position. To set all tone and speaker controls
to the middle position, press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control
is active. The radio will produce one beep and display
ALL with the level display in the middle position.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose
preset bass and treble equalization settings designed
for ROCK, NEWS, POP, JAZZ, CLASSICAL and
COUNTRY stations. TONE and the preset equalization
setting will appear on the display when you press AUTO
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. The manual setting allows tone
control to return to the BASS and TREB controls.
Use PUSHBUTTONS and AUTO TONE button to
program AUTO TONE for station presets.
3-11
Adjusting the Speakers
BALANCE: Press and release the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob until BAL appears on the display.
Turn the knob clockwise to move the sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to move the sound to the
left speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the speaker
balance. To set the balance to the middle position,
select the control and press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep
and set the display level to the middle position. To set
all tone and speaker controls to the middle position,
press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob
when no tone or speaker control is active. The radio
will produce one beep and display ALL with the level
display in the middle position.
FADE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to move the sound to the front speakers and
counterclockwise to move the sound to the rear
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the
speaker balance.
3-12
To set the fade to the middle position, select the control
and press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob.
The radio will produce one beep and set the display
level to the middle position. To set all tone and speaker
controls to the middle position, press and hold the
P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker control is active. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in
the middle position.
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS is a system that sends data along
with the audio of the FM station you are currently tuned
to. You can use RDS to display program information
and to control your radio. With RDS, the radio can:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS is always on. RDS features are only available for
use on FM stations which broadcast RDS information.
The RDS features of your radio rely upon receiving
specific RDS information from these stations. These
features will only work when the RDS information is
available. In rare cases, a radio station may broadcast
incorrect information that will cause the radio features
to work improperly. If this happens, please contact the
radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station name
will appear on the display, instead of the frequency.
Most RDS stations provide their station name, the
time of day and a Program Type (PTY) for their current
programming. Some stations also provide the name of
the current program.
DISP: Press this knob to change what appears on the
display while using RDS. The display options are station
name, station frequency, PTY and the name of the
program (if available). Press and hold the display knob
to set the default display of the RDS station from the
displays available.
Accessing RDS Stations:
1. Push the SEEK TYPE button or turn the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob to display the program type list.
2. Turn knob either clockwise or counterclockwise to
select a program type. List is alphabetical. If you
select ANY TYPE your radio will seek to the first
PTY available.
3. Push SEEK TYPE button to activate search.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic announcements.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that does.
The TRAF icon will flash on the display. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements, it
will stop. If no station is found, NO TRAF will appear
on the display.
3-13
Traffic Interrupt Feature: Your radio can be
programmed to interrupt the playback of a cassette tape,
CD or FM radio by enabling the traffic interrupt feature.
Press the TRAF button once to seek to an RDS station
that supports the traffic interrupt feature if the current
tuned station does not. The TRAF icon will flash on the
display when seeking for a station that supports traffic
interrupt. When the traffic interrupt feature is on, TRAF
will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or
a cassette tape or compact disc is playing. The TRAF
icon and TRAFFIC will appear on the display while
the traffic announcement plays. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player was being used, the tape or compact
disc will stay in the player and resume play at the point
where it stopped.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume when
RDS interrupts regular play. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease volume.
3-14
INFO: If the current station has a message, the INFO
icon will appear on the display. These text messages are
from the RDS broadcaster to the listening public and
may be general information such as artist and song title,
call in phone numbers, etc. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on the
display, parts of the message will appear every three
seconds until the message is completed. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press the INFO
button again for less than one second. A new group of
words will appear on the display. Once the completed
message has been displayed, INFO will disappear from
the display until another new message is received. The
old message can be displayed by pressing the INFO
button until a new message is received or a different
station is tuned to.
P-TYPE LIST: Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to select the Program Type (PTY) you
want to listen to. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display. Press the SEEK TYPE button and the radio
will seek to the first RDS broadcaster of the selected
P-TYPE. If the radio cannot find the desired P-TYPE,
NONE will appear on the display and the radio will
return to the last station you were listening to.
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station with
the last selected PTY. TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display, if it is not already showing.
Press SEEK TYPE a second time to seek. If a station
with the selected PTY is not found, the radio will return
to the original station and display NONE.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
This function will only work during actual emergency
broadcasts, and will not work during tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is not
supported by all RDS stations.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows the
radio to switch automatically to a stronger station with
the same programming. AF is off by default from the
factory. Press and hold AM FM for two seconds to turn
alternate frequency on or off. AF ON or AF OFF will
appear on the display and the radio will beep once.
The radio will not switch automatically to other stations
when AF is off.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off,
the tape can be inserted and will begin playing. A tape
symbol is shown on the display whenever a tape is
inserted. If you hear nothing but a garbled sound,
the tape may not be in squarely. Press EJT to remove
the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
TREB, BASS, and SEEK controls just as you do for the
radio. The display will show TAPE and an arrow
showing which side of the tape is playing.
3-15
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition is off, first
press EJT or DISP.
If CHK TAPE appears on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is tight and
the player can’t turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape.
Hold the tape with the open end down and try to turn
the right hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the
tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily,
your tape may be damaged and should not be used in
the player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is broken.
Try a new tape.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is wrapped
around the tape head. Attempt to get the cassette out.
Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
3-16
PREV (1): Press this button or the left SEEK arrow to
go to the previous selection on the tape if the selection
has been playing for less than three seconds. If the
PREV button or the left SEEK arrow is pressed and
the current selection has been playing for more than
13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current
selection. If the PREV button or the left SEEK arrow is
pressed and the current selection has been playing from
three to 13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of the
previous selection or the beginning of the current
selection, depending upon the position on the tape.
SEEK and a “-1” will appear on the display while the
cassette player is in PREV mode. If PREV or the left
SEEK arrow is pressed additional times or held, the
radio will go to the displayed number of previous
selections up to “9.” SEEK and a negative number
will appear on the display. Your tape must have at least
three seconds of silence between each selection for
PREV to work. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next selection
on the tape. If you press the button more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the tape.
SEEK and a positive number will appear on the display.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for NEXT to work. To forward
through each selection press the right SEEK arrow. The
sound will mute while seeking.
REV (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play the last selected station while the tape reverses. The
station frequency and REV will appear on the display.
You may select stations during REV operation by using
TUNE, SEEK and P SCAN controls.
FWD (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. The radio will play the last selected
station while the tape advances. The station frequency
and FWD will appear on the display. You may select
stations during FWD operation by using TUNE,
SEEK and P SCAN controls.
SIDE (5): Press this button to play the other side of
the tape. TAPE and an up or down arrow will appear on
the display.
D
(6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
NR ON will appear on the display. Press it again to turn
Dolby off. NR OFF will appear on the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
SEEK: SEEK and a right facing triangle is the same
as NEXT, and a left facing triangle and SEEK is the
same as PREV. If the button is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving forward or
backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive or
negative number will appear on the display.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape
is in the player. The tape will stop but remain in the player.
TAPE AUX: With a cassette tape in the player and the
radio playing, press this button to play a cassette tape.
Press AM FM to return to the radio when a cassette tape
is playing.
3-17
EJT: Press this button located next to the cassette
slot to remove a tape. The radio will play. EJT may be
activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed first.
CD Adapter Kits
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you
clean the player, press and hold the eject button for
five seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator. The radio
will display CLEANED to show the indicator was reset.
To activate the bypass feature, use the following steps:
Tight/Loose Tape Sensor Defeat
This override routine will remain active until EJT
is pressed.
With the radio off and the ignition on, press and hold
the TAPE AUX button to disable the tight/loose tape
sensing feature to enable play of some tape head
cleaners and portable CD adapters. The radio will
display READY and flash the cassette icon. The
tight/loose tape sensing feature will then be disabled
until the next cassette eject.
3-18
It is possible to use a portable CD player adapter kit
with your cassette tape player after activating the bypass
feature on your tape player.
1. Turn the radio off.
2. Press and hold the TAPE AUX button for
five seconds. READY will appear on the display
for five seconds, indicating the feature is active.
3. Insert the adapter into the cassette slot. It will power
up the radio and begin playing.
CAL ERR: This message is displayed when the
radio has not been calibrated properly for the vehicle.
You must return to the dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
with Radio Data System (RDS) and
Automatic Tone Control (Option)
Playing the Radio
AUTO VOL: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Press AUTO VOL to adjust the SCV.
AVOL will appear on the display. Each time you press
AUTO VOL, another volume setting (LOW, MEDIUM
or HIGH) will appear on the display. NONE will appear
on the display if the radio cannot find out the vehicle
speed. Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
particular speed. The volume level should always sound
the same to you as you drive. If you don’t want to use
SCV, select OFF. Each volume setting allows for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Finding a Station
PWR: Press this button to turn the system on and off.
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
DISP: Press this button to display the clock with the
ignition off. Press this button to display an RDS station
frequency or program type when the radio is on.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. The radio will seek to stations
with a strong signal only.
3-19
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up
to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
The AUTO TONE setting stored for that pushbutton will
be automatically chosen. Press P SCAN or one of the
pushbuttons again to stop scanning. SCAN will be
displayed whenever the tuner is in the P SCAN mode.
The channel number (P1-P6) will appear with the
frequency. In FM mode, this function will scan through
the current band such as FM1 or FM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
Setting the Tone
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization that
best suits the type of station selected.
BASS: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until BASS appears on the display. Then turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise
to decrease bass. The display will show the bass level.
When you use this control, the radio’s AUTO TONE
setting will switch to manual. To set bass to the middle
position, select the control and press and hold the
P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce
one beep and set the display level to the middle position.
To set all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob when no tone or speaker control is active. The
radio will produce one beep and display ALL with the
level display in the middle position.
1. Turn the radio on.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons.
The radio will produce one beep. Whenever you
press that numbered button, the station you set
will return and the AUTO TONE equalization that
you selected will also be automatically selected for
that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press and hold one of the arrows for more
than two seconds. The radio will produce one beep.
Use P SCAN to listen to each of your favorite stations
stored on your pushbuttons for a few seconds. The radio
will scan through each of the stations stored on your
pushbuttons, except those stations with weak reception.
3-20
TREBLE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to increase treble and counterclockwise to
decrease treble. The display will show the treble level.
When you use this control, the radio’s AUTO TONE
setting will switch to manual. If a station is weak or
noisy, you may want to decrease the treble. To set treble
to the middle position, select the control and press and
hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio
will produce one beep and set the display level to the
middle position. To set all tone and speaker controls
to the middle position, press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control
is active. The radio will produce one beep and display
ALL with the level display in the middle position.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose
preset bass and treble equalization settings designed
for ROCK, NEWS, POP, JAZZ, CLASSICAL and
COUNTRY stations. TONE and the preset equalization
setting will appear on the display when you press AUTO
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. The manual setting allows tone
control to return to the BASS and TREB controls.
Use PUSHBUTTONS and AUTO TONE button to
program AUTO TONE for station presets.
Adjusting the Speakers
BALANCE: Press and release the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob until BAL appears on the display.
Turn the knob clockwise to move the sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to move the sound to the
left speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the speaker
balance. To set the balance to the middle position,
select the control and press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep
and set the display level to the middle position. To set
all tone and speaker controls to the middle position,
press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob
when no tone or speaker control is active. The radio
will produce one beep and display ALL with the level
display in the middle position.
3-21
FADE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to move the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise to move the sound to the rear
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the speaker
balance. To set the fade to the middle position, select the
control and press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob. The radio will produce one beep and set the
display level to the middle position. To set all tone and
speaker controls to the middle position, press and hold
the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker control is active. The radio will produce one
beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS is a system that sends data along
with the audio of the FM station you are currently tuned
to. You can use RDS to display program information
and to control your radio. With RDS, the radio can:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs you
want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
3-22
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies and
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
RDS is always on. RDS features are only available for
use on FM stations which broadcast RDS information.
The RDS features of your radio rely upon receiving
specific RDS information from these stations. These
features will only work when the RDS information is
available. In rare cases, a radio station may broadcast
incorrect information that will cause the radio features
to work improperly. If this happens, please contact the
radio station.
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the frequency.
Most RDS stations provide their station name, the time
of day and a Program Type (PTY) for their current
programming. Some stations also provide the name
of the current program.
DISP: Press this knob to change what appears on the
display while using RDS. The display options are station
name, station frequency, PTY and the name of the
program (if available). Press and hold the display knob
to set the default display of the RDS station from the
displays available.
Accessing RDS Stations:
1. Push the SEEK TYPE button or turn the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob to display the program type list.
2. Turn knob either clockwise or counterclockwise to
select a program type. List is alphabetical. If you
select ANY TYPE your radio will seek to the first
PTY available.
3. Push SEEK TYPE button to activate search.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic
announcements. If the current tuned station does not
broadcast traffic announcements, the radio will seek to
a station that does. The TRAF icon will flash on the
display. When the radio finds a station that broadcasts
traffic announcements, it will stop. If no station is found,
NO TRAF will appear on the display.
Traffic Interrupt Feature: Your radio can be
programmed to interrupt the playback of a cassette tape,
CD or FM radio by enabling the traffic interrupt feature.
Press the TRAF button once to seek to an RDS station
that supports the traffic interrupt feature if the current
tuned station does not. The TRAF icon will flash on the
display when seeking for a station that supports traffic
interrupt. When the traffic interrupt feature is on,
TRAF will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or
a cassette tape or compact disc is playing. The TRAF
icon and TRAFFIC will appear on the display while
the traffic announcement plays. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player was being used, the tape or compact
disc will stay in the player and resume play at the point
where it stopped.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume when
RDS interrupts regular play. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease volume.
INFO: If the current station has a message, the INFO
icon will appear on the display. These text messages are
from the RDS broadcaster to the listening public and
may be general information such as artist and song title,
call in phone numbers, etc. Press this button to see
the message. If the whole message does not appear
on the display, parts of the message will appear every
three seconds until the message is completed. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press the
INFO button again for less than one second. A new
group of words will appear on the display. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received. The old message can be displayed by
pressing the INFO button until a new message is
received or a different station is tuned to.
3-23
P-TYPE LIST: Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to select the Program Type (PTY) you
want to listen to. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display. Press the SEEK TYPE button and the radio
will seek to the first RDS broadcaster of the selected
P-TYPE. If the radio cannot find the desired P-TYPE,
NONE will appear on the display and the radio will
return to the last station you were listening to.
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station with
the last selected PTY. TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display, if it is not already showing.
Press SEEK TYPE a second time to seek. If a station
with the selected PTY is not found, the radio will return
to the original station and display NONE.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
3-24
This function will only work during actual emergency
broadcasts, and will not work during tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is not
supported by all RDS stations.
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This feature allows the
radio to switch automatically to a stronger station with
the same programming. AF is off by default from the
factory. Press and hold AM FM for two seconds to turn
alternate frequency on or off. AF ON or AF OFF will
appear on the display and the radio will beep once. The
radio will not switch automatically to other stations
when AF is off.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The disc should begin playing. The
display will show the CD symbol. If you want to insert
a compact disc with the ignition off, first press DISP
or EJT.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and Err (error) may appear on
the display. When the road becomes smooth or the
temperature returns to normal, the disc should play.
If the disc comes out, it could be one of the following:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
PREV (1): Press this button to go to the previous track
if the current selection has been playing for less than
eight seconds. If the PREV button is pressed and the
current selection has been playing for more than eight
seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current
selection. TRACK and the track number will appear
on the display. If you hold the button or press it more
than once, the player will continue moving back through
the disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold the button or the right SEEK arrow,
or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving forward through the disc. The sound will
mute while seeking.
REV (3): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to reverse at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
reverse at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release it
to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
FWD (4): Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to advance at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
advance at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release
it to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
RDM (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM ON will show on the
display. RDM T and the track number will appear on
the display when each track starts to play. Press RDM
again to turn off random play. RDM OFF will appear
on the display.
SEEK: Press the left facing triangle, SEEK button to
go to the start of the current or previous track. Press the
right facing triangle, SEEK button to go to the start of
the next track. If either of the SEEK buttons is held or
pressed more then once, the player will continue moving
backward or forward through the CD.
3-25
DISP: Press this button to see how long the current
track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time will
appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press
the button until you see the display you want, then
hold the button for two seconds until the display flashes.
The radio will produce one beep.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
System (RDS) and Automatic Tone
Control (Option)
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player. The disc will stop but remain in the player.
CD AUX: With a CD in the player and the radio playing,
press this button to play a CD. Press AM FM to return to
the radio when a CD is playing. The inactive CD will
remain safely inside the radio for future listening.
EJT: Press this button located below the CD slot
to remove the disc. The radio will play. EJT may be
activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs may
be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this button is
pressed first.
Playing the Radio
PWR: Press this button to turn the system on and off.
CAL ERR: This message is displayed when the
radio has not been calibrated properly for the vehicle.
You must return to the dealership for service.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume.
Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
DISP: Press this button to display the clock with the
ignition off. Press this button to display an RDS station
frequency or program type when the radio is on.
3-26
AUTO VOL: Your system has a feature called
Speed-Compensated Volume (SCV). With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road
and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the
desired level. Press AUTO VOL to adjust the SCV.
AVOL will appear on the display. Each time you press
AUTO VOL, another volume setting (LOW, MEDIUM
or HIGH) will appear on the display. NONE will appear
on the display if the radio cannot find out the vehicle
speed. Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
particular speed. The volume level should always sound
the same to you as you drive. If you don’t want to use
SCV, select OFF. Each volume setting allows for more
volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
SEEK: Press the right arrow to tune to the next higher
station and the left arrow to tune to the next lower
station and stay there. The radio will seek to stations
with a strong signal only.
Finding a Station
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons.
The radio will beep once to confirm. Whenever you
press that numbered button, the station you set
will return and the AUTO TONE equalization that
you selected will also be automatically selected for
that button.
AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to choose radio stations.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons
let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up
to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization that
best suits the type of station selected.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-27
P SCAN: Press and hold one of the arrows for more
than two seconds. The radio will beep once to confirm.
Use P SCAN to listen to each of your favorite stations
stored on your pushbuttons for a few seconds. The radio
will scan through each of the stations stored on your
pushbuttons, except those stations with weak reception.
The AUTO TONE setting stored for that pushbutton will
be automatically chosen. Press P SCAN or one of the
pushbuttons again to stop scanning. SCAN will be
displayed whenever the tuner is in the P SCAN mode.
The channel number (P1-P6) will appear with the
frequency. In FM mode, this function will scan
through the current band such as FM1 or FM2.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until BASS appears on the display. Then turn the
knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise
to decrease bass. The display will show the bass level.
When you use this control, the radio’s AUTO TONE
setting will switch to manual.
3-28
To set bass to the middle position, select the control and
press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob. The
radio will produce one beep and set the display level to
the middle position. To set all tone and speaker controls
to the middle position, press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control
is active. The radio will produce one beep and display
ALL with the level display in the middle position.
TREBLE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to increase treble and counterclockwise to
decrease treble. The display will show the treble level.
When you use this control, the radio’s AUTO TONE
setting will switch to manual. If a station is weak or
noisy, you may want to decrease the treble. To set treble
to the middle position, select the control and press and
hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob. The radio
will produce one beep and set the display level to the
middle position. To set all tone and speaker controls
to the middle position, press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control
is active. The radio will produce one beep and display
ALL with the level display in the middle position.
AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose
preset bass and treble equalization settings designed
for ROCK, NEWS, POP, JAZZ, CLASSICAL and
COUNTRY music stations. TONE and the preset
equalization setting will appear on the display when you
press AUTO TONE. Each time you press it, another
setting will appear on the display. The manual setting
allows tone control to return to the BASS and TREB
controls. Use PUSHBUTTONS and AUTO TONE
button to program AUTO TONE for station presets.
Adjusting the Speakers
BALANCE: Press and release the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob until BAL appears on the display.
Turn the knob clockwise to move the sound to the right
speakers and counterclockwise to move the sound to the
left speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the speaker
balance. To set the balance to the middle position,
select the control and press and hold the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO button. The radio will produce one beep
and set the display level to the middle position. To set all
tone and speaker controls to the middle position, press
and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob when no
tone or speaker control is active. The radio will produce
one beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
FADE: Press and release the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
knob until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob
clockwise to move the sound to the front speakers
and counterclockwise to move the sound to the rear
speakers. The middle position balances the sound
between the speakers. The display will show the speaker
balance. To set the fade to the middle position, select the
control and press and hold the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO
button. The radio will produce one beep and set the
display level to the middle position. To set all tone and
speaker controls to the middle position, press and hold
the P-TYPE LIST/AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker control is active. The radio will produce one
beep and display ALL with the level display in the
middle position.
3-29
Using RDS
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS is a system that sends data along
with the audio of the FM station you are currently tuned
to. You can use RDS to display program information
and to control your radio. With RDS, the radio can:
D Seek only to stations with the types of programs
you want to listen to,
D seek to stations with traffic announcements,
D receive announcements concerning local and
national emergencies and
When you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name will appear on the display, instead of the frequency.
Most RDS stations provide their station name, the time
of day and a Program Type (PTY) for their current
programming. Some stations also provide the name
of the current program.
DISP: Press this knob to change what appears on the
display while using RDS. The display options are station
name, station frequency, PTY and the name of the
program (if available). Press and hold the display knob
to set the default display of the RDS station from the
displays available.
D receive and display messages from radio stations.
Accessing RDS Stations:
RDS is always on. RDS features are only available for
use on FM stations which broadcast RDS information.
The RDS features of your radio rely upon receiving
specific RDS information from these stations. These
features will only work when the RDS information is
available. In rare cases, a radio station may broadcast
incorrect information that will cause the radio features
to work improperly. If this happens, please contact the
radio station.
2. Turn knob either clockwise or counterclockwise to
select a program type. List is alphabetical. If you
select ANY TYPE your radio will seek to the first
PTY available.
3-30
1. Push the SEEK TYPE button or turn the P-TYPE
LIST/AUDIO knob to display the program type list.
3. Push SEEK TYPE button to activate search.
TRAF: Press this button to receive traffic announcements.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, the radio will seek to a station that does.
The TRAF icon will flash on the display. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements, it
will stop. If no station is found, NO TRAF will appear
on the display.
Traffic Interrupt Feature: Your radio can be
programmed to interrupt the playback of a cassette tape,
CD or FM radio by enabling the traffic interrupt feature.
Press the TRAF button once to seek to an RDS station
that supports the traffic interrupt feature if the current
tuned station does not. The TRAF icon will flash on the
display when seeking for a station that supports traffic
interrupt. When the traffic interrupt feature is on, TRAF
will appear on the display.
When a traffic announcement comes on the tuned radio
station, you will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a
cassette tape or compact disc is playing. The TRAF icon
and TRAFFIC will appear on the display while the
traffic announcement plays. If the cassette tape or
compact disc player was being used, the tape or compact
disc will stay in the player and resume play at the point
where it stopped.
VOL: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume when
RDS interrupts regular play. Turn it counterclockwise to
decrease volume.
INFO: If the current station has a message, INFO will
appear on the display. These text messages are from the
RDS broadcaster to the listening public and may be
general information such as artist and song title, call in
phone numbers, etc. Press this button to see the
message. If the whole message does not appear on
the display, parts of the message will appear every
three seconds until the message is completed. To scroll
through the message at your own speed press the INFO
button again for less than one second. A new group
of words will appear on the display. Once the complete
message has been displayed, INFO will disappear from
the display until another new message is received. The
old message can be displayed by pressing the INFO
button until a new message is received or a different
station is tuned to.
P-TYPE LIST: Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to select the Program Type (PTY) you
want to listen to. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the
display. Press the SEEK TYPE button and the radio
will seek to the first RDS broadcaster of the selected
P-TYPE. If the radio cannot find the desired P-TYPE,
NONE will appear on the display and the radio will
return to the last station you were listening to.
3-31
SEEK TYPE: Press this button to go to a station with
the last selected PTY. TYPE and the last selected PTY
will appear on the display, if it is not already showing.
Press SEEK TYPE a second time to seek. If a station
with the selected PTY is not found, the radio will return
to the original station and display NONE.
ALERT!: This type of announcement warns of national
or local emergencies. You will not be able to turn off
alert announcements. ALERT! appears on the display
when an alert announcement plays. When an alert
announcement comes on the tuned radio station, you
will hear it, even if the volume is muted or a cassette
tape or compact disc is playing. If the cassette tape
or compact disc player is playing, play will stop for the
announcement and resume when the announcement
is finished.
This function will only work during actual emergency
broadcasts, and will not work during tests of the
emergency broadcast system. This feature is not
supported by all RDS stations.
3-32
ALTERNATE FREQUENCY: This RDS feature
allows the radio to automatically switch frequencies to
the best quality station with the same programming.
AF is off by default from the factory. Press and hold
AM-FM for two seconds to turn alternate frequency
on or off. AF ON or AF OFF will appear on the
display and the radio will beep once. The radio will not
automatically switch to other stations when AF is off.
Playing a Cassette Tape
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer
than that are so thin they may not work well in this
player. The longer side with the tape visible should face
to the right. If the ignition is on, but the radio is off,
the tape can be inserted and will begin playing. A tape
symbol is shown on the display whenever a tape is
inserted. If you hear nothing but a garbled sound, the
tape may not be in squarely. Press EJT to remove the
tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOL, FADE, BAL,
TREB, BASS and SEEK controls just as you do for
the radio. The display will show TAPE and an arrow
showing which side of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition is off,
first press EJT or DISP.
If CHK TAPE appears on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is tight and
the player can’t turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape.
Hold the tape with the open end down and try to turn
the right hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the
tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily,
your tape may be damaged and should not be used
in the player. Try a new tape to make sure your player
is working properly.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is broken.
Try a new tape.
CHK TAPE may be displayed when the tape is wrapped
around the tape head. Attempt to get the cassette out.
Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
PREV (1): Press this button or the left SEEK arrow to
go to the previous selection on the tape if the selection
has been playing for less than three seconds. If the
PREV button or the left SEEK arrow is pressed and
the current selection has been playing for more than
13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of the current
selection. If the PREV button or the left SEEK arrow
is pressed and the current selection has been playing
from three to 13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of
the previous selection or the beginning of the current
selection, depending on the position on the tape. SEEK
and a “-1” will appear on the display while the cassette
player is in PREV mode. If PREV or the left SEEK
arrow is pressed additional times or held, the radio will
go to displayed number of previous selections up to“9”.
SEEK and a negative number will appear on the display.
Your tape must have at least three seconds of silence
between each selection for PREV to work. The sound
will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next selection
on the tape. If you press the button more than once,
the player will continue moving forward through the
tape. SEEK and a positive number will appear on the
display. Your tape must have at least three seconds
of silence between each selection for NEXT to work.
To forward through each selection press the right SEEK
arrow. The sound will mute while seeking.
3-33
REV (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play the last selected station while the tape reverses. The
station frequency and REV will appear on the display.
You may select stations during REV operation by using
TUNE, SEEK and P SCAN controls.
FWD (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to return
to playing speed. The radio will play the last selected
station while the tape advances. The station frequency
and FWD will appear on the display. You may select
stations during FWD operation by using TUNE,
SEEK and P SCAN controls.
SIDE (5): Press this button to play the other side of
the tape. TAPE and an up or down arrow will appear
on the display.
D
(6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
NR ON will appear on the display. Press it again to
turn Dolby off. NR OFF will appear on the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
3-34
SEEK: SEEK and the right facing triangle is the same
as NEXT, and SEEK and the left facing triangle is the
same as PREV. If the button is held or pressed more
than once, the player will continue moving forward or
backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive or
negative number will appear on the display.
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape is
in the player. The tape will stop but remain in the player.
TAPE CD: With a tape in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a tape. Press AM FM
to return to the radio when a tape is playing. Press TAPE
CD to switch between the tape and compact disc if both
are loaded. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
EJT: Press this button located next to the cassette
slot to remove a tape. The radio will play. EJT may be
activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may be
loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed first.
CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold the cassette eject button for five
seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator. The radio display
will display CLEANED to show the indicator was reset.
Tight/Loose Tape Sensor Defeat
With the radio off and the ignition on, press and hold the
TAPE CD button to disable the tight/loose tape sensing
feature to enable play of some tape head cleaners and
portable CD adapters. The radio will display READY
and flash the cassette icon. The tight/loose tape sensing
feature will then be disabled until the next cassette eject.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The player
will pull it in. The disc should begin playing. The display
will show the CD symbol. If you want to insert a compact
disc with the ignition off, first press DISP or EJT.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and CHECK CD may appear on
the display. When the road becomes smooth or the
temperature returns to normal, the disc should play.
If the disc comes out, it could be one of the following:
D The disc is upside down.
D It is dirty, scratched or wet.
D It is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and
try again.)
PREV (1): Press this button or the left SEEK arrow
to go to the previous track if the current selection has
been playing for less than eight seconds. If the PREV
button or the left SEEK arrow is pressed and the current
selection has been playing for more than eight seconds,
it will go to the beginning of the current selection.
TRACK and the track number will appear on the
display. If you hold the button or press it more than
once, the player will continue moving back through
the disc. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button or the right SEEK arrow to
go to the next track. TRACK and the track number will
appear on the display. If you hold the button or the right
SEEK arrow, or press it more than once, the player will
continue moving forward through the disc. The sound
will mute while seeking.
REV (3): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to reverse at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
reverse at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release it
to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer.
3-35
FWD (4): Press and hold this button to advance quickly
within a track. Press and hold this button for less than
two seconds to advance at six times the normal playing
speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to
advance at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release it
to play the passage. The display will show ET and the
elapsed time.
RDM (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in random,
rather than sequential, order. RDM ON will show on the
display. RDM T and the track number will appear on
the display when each track starts to play. Press RDM
again to turn off random play. RDM OFF will appear
on the display.
SEEK: Press the left facing triangle, SEEK button to
go to the start of the current or previous track. Press the
right facing triangle, SEEK button to go to the start of
the next track. If either of the SEEK buttons is held or
pressed more then once, the player will continue moving
backward or forward through the CD.
DISP: Press this button to see how long the current
track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time will
appear on the display. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
button until you see the display you want, then hold
the button for two seconds until the display flashes.
The radio will produce one beep.
3-36
AM FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc is
in the player. The disc will stop but remain in the player.
TAPE CD: With a CD in the player and the radio
playing, press this button to play a CD. Press AM FM to
return to the radio when a CD is playing. Press TAPE
CD to switch between the tape and compact disc if both
are loaded. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
EJT: Press this button located below the CD slot to
remove the disc. The radio will play. EJT may be activated
with either the ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded
with the radio and ignition off if this button is pressed first.
CAL ERR: This message is displayed when the radio
has not been calibrated properly for the vehicle. You
must return to the dealership for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCKR system has locked up. You must
return to the dealership for service.
Theft-Deterrent Feature RDS Radios
THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
(If Equipped)
radio. The feature works automatically by learning a
portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not
operate and LOCKED will be displayed.
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio functions using the buttons on your steering wheel.
When the ignition is off and RAP is not active, the
blinking light indicates that THEFTLOCK is armed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not
operate if stolen.
SEEK: Press the up arrow to tune to the next radio
station and the down arrow to tune to the previous
radio station.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, the player
will advance with the up arrow and reverse with the
down arrow. Holding SEEK for 3 seconds or more
will activate the PSCAN mode.
3-37
SEEK BY TYPE: Press this button to go to a station
with the last selected PTY TYPE and the last selected
PTY will appear on the display, if it is not already
showing. If a station with the selected PTY is not found,
the radio will return to the original station. If both SEEK
BY TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio will search for
stations with traffic announcements and the selected PTY.
PRESET: Press this button to play a station you have
programmed on the radio preset buttons.
MODE: Press this button to choose AM, FM1 or FM2.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, it will stop
and the radio will play.
VOL: Press the up or down arrow to increase or
decrease volume.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system.
Press it again to turn on the sound.
3-38
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
D Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
D Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio -- be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very
important to do it properly. Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operation of
your vehicle’s engine, Delphi Delco Electronics
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLEAN
to indicate that you have used your tape player for
50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this
message appears on the display, your cassette tape
player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but
you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent
damage to your tapes and player. If you notice a
reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette
to see if it is the tape or the tape player at fault. If this
other cassette has no improvement in sound quality,
clean the tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your
cassette tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).
3-39
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a broken tape detection
feature and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken
tape. To prevent the cleaning cassette from being
ejected, use the following steps.
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo with
Cassette Tape and Compact Disc Player with Radio Data
System and Programmable Equalization:
If your vehicle is equipped with the AM-FM Stereo
with Cassette Tape Player:
3. Press and hold the TAPE CD button for five seconds.
READY will appear on the display and a cassette
icon will flash for five seconds.
1. Turn the ignition to ON or ACC.
2. Turn the radio off.
3. Press and hold the TAPE AUX button for
five seconds. READY will appear on the display
and a cassette icon will flash for five seconds.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
3-40
1. Turn the ignition to ON or ACC.
2. Turn the radio off.
4. Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.
5. Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturer’s
recommended cleaning time.
When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the broken
tape detection feature is active again.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold the cassette eject
symbol or EJT button for five seconds to reset the CLEAN
indicator. The radio will display CLEANED or --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Backglass Antenna
Your AM-FM antenna is integrated with your rear
window defogger, located in the rear window. Be sure
that the inside surface of the rear window is not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could
interfere with radio reception.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else that is sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-41
Because this antenna is built into your rear window,
there is a reduced risk of damage caused by car washes
and vandals.
If you choose to add a cellular telephone to your vehicle,
and the antenna needs to be attached to the glass, be sure
that you do not damage the grid lines for the AM-FM
antenna. There is enough space between the lines to
attach a cellular telephone antenna without interfering
with radio reception.
Vehicle Customization Settings
Your audio system can be used to control vehicle
customization settings using the DISP button when the
radio is off. See “Vehicle Customization Settings” in
the Index.
3-42
Chime Level Adjustment
The radio is the vehicle chime producer. The chime is
produced from the driver’s side front door speakers.
To change the volume level, press and hold pushbutton
six with the ignition on and the radio power off. The
chime volume level will change from the normal level
to loud, and LOUD will be displayed on the radio.
To change back to the default or normal setting, press
and hold the pushbutton six again. The chime level will
change from the loud level to normal, and NORMAL
will be displayed. Each time the chime volume is
changed, three chimes will sound as an example of the
new volume selected. Chime level adjustment is only
available on RDS radios. Removing the radio and not
replacing it with a factory radio or chime module will
disable vehicle chimes.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-11
4-13
4-13
4-15
4-16
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Traction Control System
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4-18
4-21
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-24
4-26
4-29
4-30
4-32
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See “Safety Belts” in the Index.
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task -- such as concentrating on a cellular telephone
call, reading, or reaching for something on the
floor -- makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull
off the road in a safe place to do them yourself.
These simple defensive driving techniques could
save your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it’s
against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety
problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then
drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much”
if the driver plans to drive? It’s a lot less than many
might think. Although it depends on each person
and situation, here is some general information on
the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
D The amount of alcohol consumed
D The drinker’s body weight
D The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
D The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have
a somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and driving that
many people don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even
fatal -- collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle. Also see “Traction Control System” in
the Index.
4-6
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will
eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves or pulses a little. This is normal.
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on.
See “Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” in
the Index.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes and continue braking. Here’s
what happens with ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
4-8
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel a
slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise, but
this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
Traction Control System
Your vehicle is equipped with a Traction Control System
that limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in
slippery road conditions. The system operates only if it
senses that one or both of the front wheels are spinning
or beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system reduces engine power and may also upshift the
transaxle and apply the front brakes to limit wheel spin.
United States
Canada
This light will come on when your Traction Control
System is limiting wheel spin. See “Traction Control
System Active Light” in the Index.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control”
in the Index.
The Traction Control System operates in all transaxle
shift lever positions. But the system can upshift the
transaxle only as high as the shift lever position you’ve
chosen, so you should use the lower gears only when
necessary. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
4-9
When the system is on,
this warning light will come
on to let you know if there’s
a problem.
To turn the system
on or off, press the
TRAC OFF button
on the console.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery road
conditions, you should always leave the Traction
Control System on. But you can turn the system off
if you ever need to. You should turn the system off if
your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud or snow and
rocking the vehicle is required. See “Rocking Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
4-10
When you turn the system off, a chime will sound and
the Traction Control System warning light will come on
and stay on. If the Traction Control System is limiting
wheel spin when you press the button to turn the system
off, the warning light will come on and the system will
turn off right away.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The Traction Control System warning
light should go off.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems -- steering and acceleration -- have to do
their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the
sudden acceleration can demand too much of those
places. You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle
at which the curve is banked, and your speed.
While you’re in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
4-11
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section. It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-12
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you’re driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
D “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, wait for a better time.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer
so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement.
You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn
until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge.
Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down
the roadway.
D Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a
turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
4-13
D Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you’re following a larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
D When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
D If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-14
D Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
D Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
D Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
D If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or area
of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are
always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
4-15
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
D Drive defensively.
D Don’t drink and drive.
D Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
D Since you can’t see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
D Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
D In remote areas, watch for animals.
D If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired -- by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-16
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to readjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
4-17
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-18
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-19
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this
happens, you and other vehicle occupants could
drown. Don’t ignore police warning signs, and
otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
D Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
D Have good tires with proper tread depth. See “Tires”
in the Index.
4-20
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
D Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
D Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”
D Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that
have not cleared the intersection or may be running
the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-21
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
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Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
The exit speed is usually posted.
D Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full?
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service experts in
Chevrolet dealerships all across North America.
They’ll be ready and willing to help if you need it.
Are all windows clean inside and outside?
D Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
D Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
D Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
D Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
D Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
D Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-23
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it
highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let
it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crash and
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
D Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
D Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
D If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-24
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
CAUTION:
D Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poor braking or even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Always have your
engine running and your vehicle in gear when
you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
D Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Shift down to let your engine
assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.
D Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
D
D
D
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-25
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
D Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
D You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-26
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation.
You’ll have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to
be very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32_F; 0_C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
D Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
D Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
4-27
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
D Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
D Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
D Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-28
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s away from the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four
wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
NOTICE:
Towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the
ground will damage drivetrain components.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
4-29
Loading Your Vehicle
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
is on the inside of the trunk lid. The label tells you the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you
important information about the number of people that
can be in your vehicle and the total weight you can
carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight
and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all
nonfactory-installed options.
4-30
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, spread it out. Don’t carry
more than 167 pounds (75 kg) in your trunk.
CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life
of your vehicle.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because of overloading.
CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in
a crash.
D Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put them as far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
D Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
D Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
D When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
D Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else -- they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or
if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
4-31
Towing a Trailer
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not work well -- or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
You may also damage your vehicle; the resulting
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Ask your dealer for advice
and information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle.
4-32
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it is equipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine is
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
D There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
D Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
D Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
D Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
D Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers, or no more than 55 mph (90 km/h), to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
D the weight of the trailer,
D the weight of the trailer tongue
D and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (454 kg).
But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig.
For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
4-33
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label, located on the inside of
the trunk lid, or see “Loading Your Vehicle” in the
Index. Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW
limit for your vehicle, including the weight of the
trailer tongue.
4-34
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
D The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
D Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle. See “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index. Dirt
and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to
read and follow the instructions for the trailer brakes
so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain
them properly.
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes. Do not try to tap into
your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
4-35
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-36
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
NOTICE:
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well
in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need
additional wiring. Check with your dealer. The arrows
on your instrument panel will flash whenever you signal
a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer
lamps will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about
to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you
are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important
to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are
still working.
4-37
Driving On Grades
Parking on Hills
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
If you have overdrive, you may want to
drive in THIRD (3), instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People can
be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer
can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-38
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
D Start your engine;
D Shift into a gear; and
D Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, drive belts, cooling system and brake system.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index
will help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s
a good idea to review this information before you start
your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
4-39
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-9
5-9
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
5-12
5-22
5-22
5-32
5-33
Cooling System
If A Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
5-
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
Press the switch to the right
of the instrument panel
cluster to make the front
and rear turn signal lamps
flash on and off.
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
To turn off the flashers, press the switch again. When
the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn signals and
brake lamps won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. But please follow the steps listed to do it safely.
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
D They contain acid that can burn you.
D They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
D They contain enough electricity to burn you.
If you don’t follow these steps exactly, some or all
of these things can hurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
The ACDelcoR battery in your vehicle has a
built-in hydrometer. Do not charge, test or jump
start the battery if the hydrometer looks clear
or light yellow. Replace the battery when there
is a clear or light yellow hydrometer and a
cranking complaint.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t a 12-volt system with a
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
Put an automatic transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual
transaxle in NEUTRAL.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all
lamps that aren’t needed, and radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries, and it could save
your radio.
NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
5-4
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
4. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery. The battery on your vehicle is located
on the passenger’s side of the engine compartment
underneath the diagonal cross brace. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location. Your vehicle has a remote
positive (+) jump starting terminal. The terminal is
on the same side of the engine compartment as
your battery. You should always use the remote
positive (+) terminal instead of the positive (+)
terminal on your battery.
CAUTION:
To uncover the remote positive (+) terminal, lift the
plastic cap.
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelcoR battery
installed in every new GM vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take
care of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Don’t get it on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-5
CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part. Don’t connect
positive (+) to negative (-), or you’ll get a short
that would damage the battery and maybe other
parts, too.
5-6
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to the
good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end
touch anything until the
next step.
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that
move. The electrical connection is just as good
there, but the chance of sparks getting back to the
battery is much less.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
The other end of the negative (-) cable doesn’t go
to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal part on the engine of the vehicle with the
dead battery.
5-7
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably
needs service.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles, do
the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
heavy, unpainted metal engine part on the vehicle
that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (-) cable from the
negative (-) terminal on the vehicle with the
good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
Jumper Cable Removal Procedure
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-8
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your vehicle towed. See “Roadside
Assistance” and “Recreational Vehicle Towing” in
the Index.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage and a warning
light about a hot engine on your instrument panel
cluster. See “Engine Coolant Temperature Gage” and
“Hot Coolant Temperature Message” in the Index.
You also have a low coolant message on your instrument
panel cluster. See “Low Coolant Level Message” in
the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
This emergency operating mode allows your vehicle to
be driven to a safe place in an emergency situation.
Should an overheated engine condition exist, an
overheat protection mode which alternates firing groups
of cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this mode,
you will notice a significant loss in power and engine
performance. The low coolant light may come on and
the temperature gage will indicate an overheat condition
exists. Towing a trailer in the overheat protection mode
should be avoided.
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the cause of coolant loss and change the oil.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
5-9
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before you
open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if
it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool. See “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-10
NOTICE:
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If your engine catches fire because you keep
driving with no coolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
D
D
D
D
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ( ).
B
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can
drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for three
minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
5-11
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
3800 V6 Engine
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
3400 V6 Engine
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
5-12
CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engine is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
When the engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
or above the COLD mark on the coolant recovery tank.
To check the coolant level, look for the COLD mark on
the side of the coolant recovery tank that faces the
engine. Check to make sure that the coolant level is up
to the COLD fill level on the side of the coolant
recovery tank. If it isn’t, you may have a leak in the
radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump or
somewhere else in the cooling system.
5-13
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them.
If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
5-14
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you use
only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine cooling fans are running. If the
engine is overheating, both fans should be running.
If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
NOTICE:
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOLR engine coolant at the
coolant recovery tank. See “Engine Coolant” in the
Index for more information.
In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
5-15
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the
COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
5-16
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap -- even a little -- they can come out
at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and
radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
NOTICE:
Your engine has a specific radiator fill procedure.
Failure to follow this procedure could cause your
engine to overheat and be severely damaged.
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap and
upper radiator hose, is no longer hot. Turn the pressure
cap slowly counterclockwise until it first stops.
(Don’t press down while turning the pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
The radiator pressure cap is located in the front of the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side, near the
diagonal cross brace. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for more information on location.
5-17
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
3. If you have the 3800 V6 engine, remove the
3800 Series II V6 engine cover shield to access the
bleed valve.
A. Clean the area around the engine oil fill tube and
cap before removing. Twist the oil fill tube, with
cap attached, counterclockwise and remove it.
B. Lift the engine cover shield at the front, slide the
catch tab out of the engine bracket and remove
the cover shield.
C. Put the oil fill tube, with cap attached, in the valve
cover oil fill hole until you’re ready to replace the
cover shield.
5-18
4. After the engine
cools, open
the coolant
air bleed valve
or valves.
3400 V6 Bleed Valve
#1
3400 V6 Bleed Valve
#2
3800 V6 Bleed Valve
3400 V6 engine: There are two bleed valves. One is
located on the thermostat housing. The other is
located on the thermostat bypass tube.
3800 V6 engine: There is one bleed valve.
It is located on the thermostat housing.
5-19
7. If you have the 3800 V6 engine, replace the
3800 Series II V6 engine cover shield.
A. Remove the oil fill tube, with cap attached, from
the valve cover.
B. Insert the catch tab on the cover shield under the
bracket on the engine.
C. Place the hole in the cover shield over the hole in
the valve cover. Install oil fill tube and cap by
twisting clockwise.
5. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck. See
“Engine Coolant” in the Index for more information
about the proper coolant mixture.
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an air
bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close the
valves after the radiator is filled.
6. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
8. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the
COLD mark.
5-20
9. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the radiator pressure cap off.
10. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
11. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOLR coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches the
base of the filler neck.
12. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
13. Check the coolant in the recovery tank. The level in
the coolant recovery tank should be at the HOT
mark when the engine is hot or at the COLD mark
when the engine is cold.
5-21
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing a Flat Tire
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-22
CAUTION:
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
Find a level place to change your tire. To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t move,
you can put blocks at the front and rear of the
tire farthest away from the one being changed.
That would be the tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need
is in the trunk.
Turn the center nut on the compact spare cover
counterclockwise to remove it. Then remove the cover.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
5-23
Remove the compact spare tire. See “Compact Spare
Tire” later in this section for more information about the
compact spare.
5-24
Turn the nut holding the jack counterclockwise and
remove it. Then remove the jack and wrench.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A) extension
and protector/guide (B) and wheel wrench (C).
If there is a wheel cover, loosen the plastic nut caps with
the wheel wrench. They won’t come off. Then, using the
flat end of the wheel wrench, pry along the edge of the
cover until it comes off.
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
If your vehicle has wheel nut caps, remove them using
the wheel wrench.
5-25
CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack, you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack
lift head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
The diagram shows you where you should place
your jack. Use the bolts (A) as a guide when
positioning the jack lift head (C) near the rear edge
of the front wheel opening (B).
For jacking at the vehicle’s front location, put jack
lift head about 7.5 inches (19 cm) from the rear edge
of the front wheel opening in the cutout of the rocker
panel molding.
Put the compact spare tire near you.
5-26
The diagram shows you where to place your jack.
Use the notch (B) as a guide when positioning the
jack lift head (A) near the front edge of the rear
wheel opening (C).
2. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle
clockwise. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground for the spare tire to fit under the vehicle.
Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
For jacking at the vehicle’s rear location, put the jack
lift head about 4 inches (10 cm) from the front edge
of the rear wheel opening in the cutout of the rocker
panel molding.
Put the compact spare tire near you.
5-27
3. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
4. Install the spare tire.
CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
5-28
5. Reinstall the wheel nuts
with the rounded end of
the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
7. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
8. Reinstall the wheel trim.
If present, tighten plastic
caps by hand. With a
wheel wrench tighten
plastic caps an additional
quarter turn clockwise.
CAUTION:
6. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
100 lb-ft (140 N·m).
5-29
NOTICE:
Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Don’t try to put the wheel cover on your compact
spare tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover in the
trunk until you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. If
you try to put a wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
5-30
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve put the compact spare tire on your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk. Use the
following procedure to secure the flat tire in the trunk.
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
When storing a full-size tire, you must use the extension
to help avoid wheel surface damage. Use the extension
and protector/guide located in the foam holder. To store
a full-size tire, place the tire in the trunk valve stem
facing down with the protector/guide through a wheel
bolt hole. Remove the the protector and attach the
retainer securely. Please note that the cover will not fit
over a full-size tire, so be sure to store the cover as far
forward as possible.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index. See the
storage instructions label to put the compact spare back
in the trunk properly.
When you put the compact spare back in the trunk, place
the protector/guide back in the foam holder. Put the
cover back over the spare tire and tighten the center nut.
5-31
A. Retainer
Compact Spare Tire
B. Cover
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated
when your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
C. Compact Spare Tire
D. Nut
E. Jack
F. Wrench
G. Lock Nut Tool
H. Foam Holder
I. Extension and
Protective Guide
J. Bolt Screw
5-32
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure your
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare is
made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. You must calibrate
the tire inflation monitor system after installing or
removing the compact spare. See “Tire Inflation
Monitor” in the Index. The system may not work
correctly when the compact spare is installed on the
vehicle. Of course, it’s best to replace your spare with a
full-size tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last
longer and be in good shape in case you need it again.
NOTICE:
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
When the compact spare is installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can
help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could be injured. And,
the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-33
NOTICE:
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shifting your transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
5-34
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn the system off. See
“Traction Control System” in the Index. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. By
slowly spinning your wheels in the forward and reverse
directions, you will cause a rocking motion that may
free your vehicle. If that doesn’t get you out after a few
tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need to
be towed out, see “Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-5
6-7
6-8
6-12
6-19
6-21
6-22
6-25
6-29
6-29
6-30
6-32
Service
Fuel
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
(If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
6-36
6-37
6-40
6-41
6-51
6-51
6-53
6-54
6-57
6-58
6-59
6-59
6-60
6-68
6-68
6-69
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Care of Safety Belts
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Finish Damage
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
6-
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
6-2
CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
D Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
D Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. It is recommended that the gasoline meet
specifications which were developed by the American
Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) and
endorsed by the Canadian Motor Vehicle Manufacturers
Association for better vehicle performance and
engine protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system performance compared to
other gasolines.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the fuel pump.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Canada Only
6-3
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higher and
you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get
rid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that
means you have a problem.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. See “Malfunction
Indicator Lamp” in the Index. If this occurs, return to
your authorized Chevrolet dealer for diagnosis to
determine the cause of failure. In the event it is
determined that the cause of the condition is the type of
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
6-4
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask your service station operator whether or not
the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not
recommend the use of such gasolines. If fuels containing
MMT are used, spark plug life may be reduced and your
emission control system performance may be affected.
The malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument
panel may turn on. If this occurs, return to your
authorized Chevrolet dealer for service.
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that
you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with
the specifications described earlier.
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Filling Your Tank
CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you’ll be driving.
The tethered cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s
side of your vehicle.
6-5
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on yourself and then
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
While refueling, let the cap hang by the tether below the
fuel fill opening.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
6-6
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor. You can
be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
D Dispense gasoline only into
approved containers.
D Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
D Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
D Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-7
Checking Things Under the Hood
CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up and
injure you even when the engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
6-8
CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull
the handle located inside the
vehicle near the parking
brake pedal.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release. Lift the hood.
6-9
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 3400 V6 (Code E) engine, you’ll see:
A. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
B. Underhood Fuse Block
C. Radiator Pressure Cap
6-10
D.
E.
F.
G.
Engine Coolant Reservoir
Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
Engine Oil Fill Cap
Engine Oil Dipstick
H. Transaxle Fluid Dipstick
I. Brake Fluid Reservoir
J. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
When you open the hood on the 3800 V6 (Code K) engine, you’ll see:
A. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
B. Underhood Fuse Block
C. Radiator Pressure Cap
D. Engine Coolant Reservoir
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
(low in engine compartment)
F. Engine Oil Dipstick
G.
H.
I.
J.
Engine Oil Fill Cap
Transaxle Fluid Dipstick
Brake Fluid Reservoir
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly. Then just pull the hood down and close it firmly.
6-11
Checking Engine Oil
Engine Oil
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
United States
Canada
If the LOW ENG OIL LEVEL message appears on
the instrument panel, it means you need to check your
engine oil level right away. For more information,
see “Low Oil Level Message” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil level regularly; this is
an added reminder.
3400 (Code E)
V6 Engine
3800 (Code K)
V6 Engine
The engine oil dipstick handle is the yellow loop
located near the front of the engine. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
6-12
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the lower mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil. If your engine has so
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
3400 (Code E)
V6 Engine
3800 (Code K)
V6 Engine
6-13
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the starburst symbol.
This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by
the American Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any
oil which does not carry this starburst symbol.
3400 (Code E)
V6 Engine
3800 (Code K)
V6 Engine
The engine oil fill cap is located toward the front of the
engine near the yellow-looped engine oil dipstick
handle. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for more information on location.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-14
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container. If
you have your oil changed
for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certified for
gasoline engines.
You should also use the proper viscosity oil for your
vehicle, as shown in the following chart:
As in the chart shown previously, if you have the
3400 V6 engine, SAE 5W-30 is best for your vehicle.
However, you can use SAE 10W-30 if it’s going to
be 0_F (-18_C) or above. These numbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
3400 (Code E) V6 Engine
6-15
As shown in the following chart, if you have the
3800 V6 engine, SAE 10W-30 is best for your vehicle.
However, you can use SAE 5W-30 if it’s going to be
colder than 60_F (16_C) before your next oil change.
When it’s very cold, you should use SAE 5W-30.
These numbers on an oil container show its viscosity,
or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils, such
as SAE 20W-50.
3800 (Code K) V6 Engine
6-16
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
GM GoodwrenchR oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20_F (-29_C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol are all you will need for good
performance and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer that lets you know when to
change your engine oil. This is not based on mileage,
but on engine revolutions and engine operating
temperature. When the computer has calculated that the
oil needs changing, the GM Oil Life System will
indicate that a change is necessary. The mileage between
oil and filter changes will vary depending on how you
drive your vehicle -- usually between 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) and 10,000 miles (16 000 km) since your
last oil and filter change. Under severe conditions, the
system may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 10,000 miles
(16 000 km) or 12 months (whichever occurs first)
without an oil change.
t
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So, if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner. Remember to
reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message whenever
the oil is changed.
6-17
How to Reset the Change Engine Oil Message
After changing the engine oil, the system must be reset.
To reset the the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message use
one of the following procedures:
Using the RDS Radio
1. Turn the ignition to ACC or ON, with the radio off.
2. Press and hold the DISP button on the radio for at
least five seconds until SETTINGS is displayed.
5. Press the PREV or NEXT buttons to enter the
submenu. RESET will be displayed.
6. Press the DISP button to reset. A chime will be heard
to verify the new setting and DONE will be
displayed for one second.
7. Once the indicator has been reset, scroll until
EXIT appears on the display.
8. Press the DISP button to exit programming.
A chime will be heard to verify the exit.
3. Press the SEEK up or down arrows to scroll through
the main menu.
Using the Accelerator Pedal
4. Scroll until OIL LIFE appears on the display.
1. Turn the ignition to ON, with the engine off.
2. Fully press and release the accelerator pedal three
times within five seconds. If the CHANGE ENGINE
OIL message flashes, the system is reset. However, if
it stays on, it did not reset. You’ll need to repeat the
reset procedure.
6-18
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.
The engine air cleaner/filter is located on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
To check or replace the engine air cleaner/filter do
the following:
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
6-19
1. Loosen the two clips on the top of the engine air
cleaner/filter housing and lift the filter cover tabs out
of the housing.
2. Push the filter cover housing toward the engine,
compressing the duct convolutes.
3. Pull out the filter.
4. Check or install a new engine air cleaner/filter.
See “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts”
in the Index.
5. To reinstall the cover, position the tabs through the
slots on the housing. A notch on the sides of the
filter cover will indicate the correct engagement.
Re-clip the two clips on the top of the housing when
you are finished.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-20
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The air
cleaner not only cleans the air, it stops flame if
the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with it off, and be careful working on the
engine with the air cleaner/filter off.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
(If Equipped)
To change the passenger compartment air filter, use the
following steps:
1. Turn off the ignition when the windshield wipers are
in the up position.
2. Raise the hood.
3. Disconnect the windshield washer pump hose from
the fender rail and air inlet grille.
4. Reposition the hood weatherstrip from the
passenger’s side of the vehicle (peel back halfway
to center).
5. Remove the air inlet grille retainers.
6. Remove the air inlet grille.
7. Remove the air deflector grille in the compartment.
8. Remove the old passenger compartment air filter.
The passenger compartment air filter is located
underneath the hood just below the windshield wiper
arm on the passenger’s side of the vehicle (underneath
the air inlet grille).
9. Then reverse the steps to install the new air filter.
For the type of filter to use, see “Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts” in the Index.
The filter traps most of the pollen from air entering the
module. Like your engine’s air cleaner/filter, it may
need to be changed periodically. For information on how
often to change the passenger compartment air filter, see
“Maintenance Schedule” in the Index.
6-21
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
D In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90_F (32_C) or higher.
D In hilly or mountainous terrain.
D When doing frequent trailer towing.
D Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of
these conditions, change the fluid and filter
at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
6-22
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
Checking the Fluid Level
D
D
D
D
D Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
When outside temperatures are above 90_F (32_C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180_F to 200_F
(82_C to 93_C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50_F
(10_C). If it’s colder than 50_F (10_C), you may
have to drive longer.
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
engine running.
D With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
D With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
D Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
6-23
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
these steps:
3400 (Code E)
V6 Engine
3800 (Code K)
V6 Engine
The transaxle fluid dipstick handle is the red
loop near the back of the engine. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
6-24
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
3400 (Code E)
V6 Engine
3800 (Code K)
V6 Engine
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than
one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOLR engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOLR extended life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating or if you need to add coolant to your
radiator, see “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRONR-III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than
DEXRONR-III is not covered by your new
vehicle warranty.
6-25
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOLR coolant will:
D
D
D
D
D
Give freezing protection down to -34_F (-37_C).
Give boiling protection up to 265_F (129_C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that you
use only DEX-COOLR (silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolant will require change sooner -- at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOLR is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
6-26
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOLR coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture, you
don’t need to add anything else.
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire and you or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water
and DEX-COOLR coolant.
NOTICE:
Checking Coolant
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater
core and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
The coolant recovery tank is located between the power
steering fluid reservoir and the underhood fuse block on
the passenger’s side of the engine compartment. See
“Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the COLD
mark or a little higher. When your engine is warm, the
level should be up to the HOT mark or a little higher.
6-27
CAUTION:
United States
Canada
If this LOW COOLANT LEVEL message comes on and
stays on, it means you’re low on engine coolant.
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost
never have to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap -- even a
little -- when the engine and radiator are hot.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank, but be
careful not to spill it.
If the coolant recovery tank is completely empty, add
coolant to the radiator. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator. For
information on how to add coolant to the radiator, see
“Cooling System” in the Index.
6-28
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
The radiator pressure cap is located in the front of
the engine compartment on the passenger’s side,
near the diagonal cross brace. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
The power steering fluid reservoir is located toward the
rear of the engine compartment, on the passenger’s side.
See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the Index for
more information on location.
NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
6-29
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or you hear
an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system could indicate
a problem. Have the system inspected and repaired.
What to Use
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
Turn the key off, let the engine compartment cool down,
wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean, then
unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tighten it. Then remove
the cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
When the 3400 V6 engine compartment is hot, the level
should be at the “H” mark. When it’s cold, the level
should be at the “C” mark. If the fluid is at the ADD
mark, you should add fluid.
For the 3800 V6 engine, the level should be at the HOT
mark when the engine compartment is hot. If the fluid is
at the ADD mark, you should add fluid.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
6-30
United States
Canada
When this message is displayed, it means the vehicle is
low on windshield washer fluid. You should add more
windshield washer fluid soon.
NOTICE:
D When using concentrated washer fluid,
D
D
The windshield washer fluid reservoir is located on
the passenger’s side of the engine compartment near
the diagonal cross brace. See “Engine Compartment
Overview” in the Index for more information
on location.
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY.
Add washer fluid until the tank is full.
D
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other parts of the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damage the tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
6-31
Brakes
Brake Fluid
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake
fluid goes down to an acceptable level during normal
brake lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid
level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is
leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you should
have your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well, or won’t
work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index. It is filled with
DOT-3 brake fluid.
6-32
What to Add
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake System
Warning Light” in the Index.
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container only.
Refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the
Maintenance Schedule.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering the reservoir.
CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
6-33
NOTICE:
D Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
D
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound may
come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle is
moving (except when you are pushing on the brake
pedal firmly).
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. When you hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your vehicle serviced.
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-34
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of this manual
under Part C “Periodic Maintenance Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake
parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
6-35
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelcoR battery. When it’s time for a new battery,
get one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco
battery. See “Engine Compartment Overview” in the
Index for battery location.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer and
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days or
more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from the battery.
This will help keep your battery from running down.
6-36
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulb, see
“Replacement Bulbs” in the Index. For any bulb
changing procedure not listed in this section, contact the
service department of your dealer.
Headlamps, Front Parking, Turn Signal and
Sidemarker Lamps
Halogen Bulbs
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
A. High-Beam Headlamp
B. Low-Beam Headlamp
C. Parking/Turn Signal and Sidemarker Lamp
6-37
To remove the headlamps do the following:
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the air baffle.
3. Remove the two headlamp fasteners by pulling up
on them.
7. Remove the electrical connector from the bulb by
raising the lock tab and pulling the connector away
from the bulb’s base.
8. Install the electrical connector to the new bulb.
9. Install the new bulb by inserting the smallest tab
on the bulb base into the matching notch in the
retaining ring. Turn the bulb a quarter-turn
clockwise until it stops.
10. Reverse Steps 1 through 5 to reinstall the
headlamp assembly.
11. Close the hood. Then, check the lamps.
Headlamp Aiming
4. Gently pull the headlamp assembly away from the
vehicle and remove the electrical connector.
5. Remove the round dust caps to gain access
to the bulbs.
6. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and remove it from
the retaining ring by gently pulling it away from the
headlamp assembly.
6-38
If your vehicle is damaged in an accident, the headlamp
aim may be affected. Aim adjustment to the low beam
may be necessary if it is difficult to see lane markers
(for horizontal aim), or if oncoming drivers flash their
high beams at you (for vertical aim). If you believe your
headlamps need to be re-aimed, we recommend that you
take your vehicle to the dealer for service. However, it is
possible for you to re-aim your headlamps by following
the procedure in the service manual for your vehicle.
4. Unscrew the two
remaining wing nuts.
Tail/Stop/Turn Signal and Rear
Sidemarker Lamps
A. Rear
Sidemarker Lamp
B. Tail/Stop Lamp
C. Turn Signal Lamp
5. Pull the assembly from the body carefully.
To remove the rear lamp assembly do the following:
1. Open the trunk. Remove the convenience net, if you
have one. Unhook the net from the upper wing nut.
2. Remove the upper (convenience net) wing nut.
3. Pull the carpet away from the rear of the vehicle.
6. To remove a socket, turn it counterclockwise and
pull it out.
7. Pull the bulb out. Do not twist it.
8. Push the new bulb into the socket.
9. Push the socket back into the assembly. Tighten the
socket by turning it clockwise.
10. Reinstall the assembly and the two lower wing nuts.
11. Reinstall the carpeting.
12. Reinstall the upper (convenience net) wing nut and
reattach convenience net, if equipped.
6-39
Back-Up Lamp
The back-up lamps are located in the rear bumper.
To change the back-up lamp bulbs do the following:
1. Open the trunk.
2. Remove the two screws.
3. Pull the assembly from the body of the vehicle.
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at
least twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Windshield
Wipers, Blade Check” in the Index for
more information.
5. Pull the old bulb out. Do not twist it.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see “Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts” in the
Index. Here’s how to remove the wiper blades:
6. Push the new bulb into the socket.
1. Turn on the wipers to the low wipe setting.
7. Push the socket back into the assembly. Tighten the
socket by turning it clockwise.
2. Turn off the ignition while the wipers are at the
outer positions of the wiper pattern. The blades are
more accessible for removal/replacement while in
this position.
4. To remove a socket, turn the socket
counterclockwise and pull it out.
8. Reinstall the assembly with the two screws.
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from
the windshield.
6-40
CAUTION:
4. While holding the wiper arm away from the glass,
push the release clip from under the blade
connecting point and pull the blade assembly down
toward the glass to remove it from the wiper arm.
5. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm
until you hear the release clip “click” into place.
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Chevrolet Warranty booklet for details.
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
D Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
D Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
D Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact -- such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
D Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
6-41
Inflation -- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the
inside of the trunk lid, shows the correct inflation
pressures for your tires when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
D Too much flexing
D Too much heat
D Tire overloading
D Bad wear
D Bad handling
D Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
D Unusual wear
D Bad handling
D Rough ride
D Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be
at 60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
6-42
Tire Inflation Monitor System
The tire inflation monitor system can alert you to a large
change in the pressure of one tire. The system “learns”
the pressure at each tire throughout the operating speed
range of your vehicle. The system normally takes
between 45 and 90 minutes of driving to learn the tire
pressures. This time may be longer depending on your
individual driving habits. Learning need not be
accumulated during a single trip. Once learned, the
system will remember the tire pressures until the
system is recalibrated.
After the system has learned tire pressures with properly
inflated tires, the LOW TIRE PRESSURE message
will come on if the pressure in one tire becomes
12 psi (83 kPa) lower than the other three tires. The tire
inflation monitor system won’t alert you if the pressure
in more than one tire is low, if the system is not properly
calibrated, or if the vehicle is moving faster than
70 mph (110 km/h).
The tire inflation monitor system detects differences
in tire rotation speeds that are caused by changes in
tire pressure. The system can alert you about a low
tire -- but it doesn’t replace normal tire maintenance.
See “Tires” in the Index.
When the LOW TIRE PRESSURE message comes on,
you should stop as soon as you can and check all your
tires for damage. (If a tire is flat, see “If a Tire Goes
Flat” in the Index.) Also check the tire pressure in all
four tires as soon as you can. See “Inflation - Tire
Pressure” in the Index.
The LOW TIRE PRESSURE message will also
be displayed (while the ignition is on) until you
reset (calibrate) the system.
Don’t reset the tire inflation monitor system without first
correcting the cause of the problem and checking and
adjusting the pressure in all four tires. If you reset the
system when the tire pressures are incorrect, the system
will not work properly and may not alert you when a
tire is low.
Any time you adjust a tire’s pressure, rotate your tires,
or have one or more tires repaired or replaced, you’ll
need to reset (calibrate) the tire inflation monitor
system. You’ll also need to reset the system whenever
you buy new tires and whenever the vehicle’s battery
has been disconnected.
6-43
To reset (calibrate) the system: The tire inflation
monitor system can be reset by turning the exterior lamp
control from OFF to parking lamps three times while the
ignition is in ON. It can also be reset through the
RDS radio using the following steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ACC or ON and turn the
radio off.
2. Press and hold the DISP button on the radio for at
least five seconds until SETTINGS is displayed.
3. Press the SEEK up or down arrow to scroll through
the main menu.
4. Scroll until TIRE MON appears on the display.
5. Press the PREV or NEXT button to enter the
submenu. RESET will be displayed.
6. Press the DISP button to reset. A chime will be heard
to verify the new setting and DONE will be
displayed for one second.
7. Once the monitor has been reset, scroll until
EXIT appears on the display.
8. Press the DISP button to exit programming.
A chime will be heard to verify exit.
The system completes the calibration process
during driving.
6-44
The system normally takes 15 to 20 minutes of driving
in each of three speed ranges to “learn” tire pressures.
The speed ranges are 15 to 40 mph (25 to 65 km/h),
40 to 65 mph (65 to 105 km/h) and above 65 mph
(105 km/h). When learning is complete, the system will
alert you after 2-8 minutes if a tire is 12 psi (83 kPa)
different from the other three tires. Detection thresholds
may be higher and detection times may be longer on
rough roads, curves and at high speeds. The system is
not capable of detection at speeds greater than
70 mph (110 km/h).
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
CAUTION:
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your
tire rotation.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt from places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure to use a scraper or wire brush later, if
you need to, to get all the rust or dirt off.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Reset the tire inflation monitor.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” in the Index.
6-45
When It’s Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
D You can see the indicators at three or more places
D
D
D
D
around the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
6-46
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by
an “MS” (for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias, bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the tire
sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum section
width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
(This applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
6-47
Treadwear
Temperature -- A, B, C
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course
as a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire
failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger car tires must meet
under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
Traction -- AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability to
stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
6-48
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling of your
vehicle, make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in which
you or others could be injured. Always use
the correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire
chain clearance to the body and chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
6-49
Used Replacement Wheels
CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
6-50
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use only SAE Class “S” type chains
that are the proper size for your tires. Install
them on the front tires and tighten them as
tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowly and follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too fast or spinning the wheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
D
D
D
D
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Cleaning of Fabric/Carpet
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-51
Here are some cleaning tips:
D
D
D
D
D
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a
clean area often. A soft brush may be used if stains
are stubborn.
If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean the
entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner
on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section.
Mask surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix powdered cleaner following the directions on
the container label to form thick suds.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5. As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, damp towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
6-52
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner instructions described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a water/baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructions for
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
D Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You may have to do it more than once.
D Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Cleaning Leather
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
Care of Safety Belts
D For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
Keep belts clean and dry.
See your dealer for this product.
D Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
CAUTION:
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
D Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
6-53
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or
a liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass.
See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later.
If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across
the defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM Windshield
Cleaner, Bon AmiR Powder (non-scratching glass
cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water.
6-54
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper
blades and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See “Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants” in the Index.
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
Finish Care
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm or
cold water.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Don’t use strong soaps or
chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index. Don’t
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based, or that
contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents should be
flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the surface,
or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses. Follow
instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive polishing on
a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
6-55
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help to keep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
(If Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel.
A wax may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners, cleaners
with acid or abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could damage the surface. Do not use chrome polish
on aluminum wheels.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
6-56
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tire cleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
finish and tires.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide
the corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this,
Chevrolet will repair, at no charge to the owner, the
surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout
condition within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km)
of purchase, whichever occurs first.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
6-57
GM Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
SIZE
23 in. x 25 in.
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
16 oz. (0.473 L)
32 oz. (0.946 L)
23 oz. (0.680 L)
1052918**
8 oz. (0.237 L)
DESCRIPTION
Polishing Cloth – Wax Treated
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
t Protectant
Armor All
Multi-Purpose
Interior Cleaner
1052929
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
12345721
2.5 sq. ft.
Synthetic Chamois
12345725
12 oz. (0.354 L)
Silicone Tire Shine
12377964*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377966*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Cleaner Wax
12377984*
16 oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
See your General Motors Parts Department for these products.
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
1052925
6-58
16 oz. (0.473 L)
USAGE
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas , plastic,
rubber and vinyl
Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
and floor mats
Spray on and rinse with water
Attracts, absorbs and removes soils on fabric
Shines vehicle without scratching
Spray on tire shine
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
* For exterior use only.
** Not recommended for use on instrument panels.
t
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside of your trunk lid.
It’s very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
On this label is:
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
D
D
D
D
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information and
a list of all production options and special equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-59
Electrical System
Windshield Wipers
Add-On Electrical Equipment
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem, have
it fixed.
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
A circuit breaker in the driver’s side fuse panel protects
the power windows and other power accessories.
When the current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the problem
is fixed.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Headlamp Wiring
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit
breakers and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself.
This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by
electrical problems.
The headlamp circuit is protected by individual fuses in
the underhood electrical center. An electrical overload
will cause the fuse to blow. If this happens, have your
headlamp system checked right away.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
6-60
Driver’s Side Instrument Panel Fuse Block
Some fuses are in a fuse
block on the driver’s side
of the instrument panel.
Pull off the cover labeled
FUSES to expose the fuses.
Additional fuses are in the underhood electrical center
on the passenger’s side of the engine compartment.
Circuit Relay
Description
RETAINED
ACCESSORY
PWR RELAY
Retained Accessory Power Relay
HEADLAMP
RELAY
Headlamp Relay
6-61
Circuit Breaker
Description
Mini Fuses
Description
RETAINED
ACCESSORY
PWR BRKR
Power Window, Sunroof Breaker
STOP
Brake Lamps, Body Control
Module (Run, Crank)
TURN SIGNAL
Turn Signal Flashers
Mini Fuses
Description
CRUISE
PCM/BCM/
CLSTR
Powertrain Control Module,
Body Control Module, Cluster
(Ignition 0)
Cruise Control Steering
Column Controls
A/C/CRUISE
HVAC Temp Door Motors &
Module, Cruise Control Module
WSW
Windshield Wipers,
Windshield Washer
A/C FAN
HVAC Blower
PCM (CRANK)
Powertrain Control
Module (Crank)
STR COL
Steering Wheel Lighting
DR LK
Accommodated
Device (Accessory)
Body Control Module,
Door Lock Controls
PWR MIR
Power Mirrors
BCM
Body Control Module (Accessory)
CLSTR/BCM
SRS
Supplemental Restraint System
Cluster, Body Control Module,
Data Link Connector (Battery)
ABS/PCM
Anti-Lock Brake System,
Powertrain Control Module, Brake
Switch, Crank Relay, Canister
Vent Solenoid (Run, Crank)
LH HTD
ST/BCM
Driver’s Heated Seat, Body
Control Module, Battery
Controlled Loads
CIG/AUX
6-62
Passenger’s Side Instrument Panel Fuse Block
Some fuses are in a fuse
block on the passenger’s
side of the instrument panel.
Pull off the cover labeled
FUSES to expose the fuses.
Additional fuses are in the underhood electrical center
on the passenger’s side of the engine compartment.
Circuit Relay
Description
PARK LP
RELAY
Parking Lamp Relay
BACKUP LP
RELAY
Back-up Lamps Relay
6-63
Circuit Relay
Description
Mini Fuses
Description
BATT RUN
DOWN
PROTECTION
RELAY
Battery Run Down
Protection Relay
TRK/ROOF
BRP
Trunk Lamps, Headliner Lamps
HVAC BLO
HVAC Blower Relay
REAR DEFOG
RELAY
Rear Defog Relay, Heated
Mirror Relay
I/P BRP
Instrument Panel Footwell Lamps,
Glovebox Lamps
Circuit Breaker
Description
HTD MIR
Heated Mirrors
POWER SEATS
BRKR
Power Seat Circuit Breaker
BRK SW
Brake Switch
HAZ SW
Hazard Switch
REAR DEFOG
BRKR
Rear Defog Breaker
REAR PRK LP
Rear Parking Lamps
AUX PWR
Accessory Power Outlet (Battery)
Mini Fuses
Description
C/LTR
Cigarette Lighter
RH HTD ST
Passenger Heated Seat
RADIO
Radio, Radio Amplifier
PWR DROP
Accommodated Device
FRT PARK LP
B/U LP
Back-Up Lamps
Front Parking Lamps,
Instrumentation Lighting
DIC/RKE
Driver Information Center,
Remote Keyless Entry, HVAC
6-64
Underhood Fuse Block (Upper)
Circuit Relay
Description
Some fuses are in a fuse block on the passenger’s
side of the engine compartment. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
FUEL PUMP
Fuel Pump
DRL RELAY
Daytime Running Lamps
A.I.R. RELAY
Air Induction Reaction Relay
CRANK RLY
Starter (Crank) Relay
HORNS
Horn
FOG LTS
Fog Lamps
Maxi Fuses
Description
LEFT I/P
Left Bussed Electrical
Center (Battery)
RT I/P #1
Right Bussed Electrical
Center (Battery)
RT I/P #2
Right Bussed Electrical
Center (Battery)
U/HOOD #1
Underhood (Top) Electrical Center
6-65
Mini Fuses
Description
Underhood Fuse Block (Lower)
HORN RLY
Horn Relay
BLANK
Blank
BLANK
Blank
Some fuses are in a fuse block on the passenger’s
side of the engine compartment. See “Engine
Compartment Overview” in the Index for more
information on location.
FOG RLY
Fog Lamp Relay
F/PMP RLY
Fuel Pump Relay
DRL/EXIT LTS
Low (Left Front) & High
(Left Front) Headlamps
EXT LTS
Low (Right Front) & High
(Right Front) Headlamps
PCM
PCM Battery
A/C RLY
(CMPR)
HVAC Compressor
Relay & Generator
6-66
Circuit Relay
Description
Mini Fuses
Description
FAN CONT #3
Secondary Cooling Fan
(Passenger’s Side)
FAN CONT #2
& #3
Cooling Fan Control
Relays #2 & #3
FAN CONT #2
Cooling Fan Control Relay
FAN CONT #1
Cooling Fan Control Relays #1
FAN CONT #1
Primary Cooling Fan
(Driver’s Side)
AIR PMP RLY
Air Induction Reaction Pump
Relay (Battery)
IGN RELAY
Ignition Relay
FUEL INJ
Fuel Injectors
A/C CMPR
HVAC Compressor
TRANS SOL
Transmission Solenoids
Maxi Fuses
Description
HVAC Control Relay
IGN SW
Ignition Switch
A/C RLY
(COIL)
RT I/P #3
Rear Defogger, Audio System
ENG DEVICES
U/HOOD #2
Ignition Relay, AIR Pump
Canister Purge Solenoid, Mass Air
Flow Sensor (MAF), AIR Pump
Relay & Valve Control
COOLING
FANS
Cooling Fans (Battery)
DFI MDL
Direct Fire Ignition Module
OXY SEN
Oxygen Sensors
(Pre and Post Converter)
6-67
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamps
Bulb Number
Back-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 921
Front Park/Turn Signal . . . . 3357NAK or 3457NAK
Headlamp, High-Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Headlamp, Low-Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
Front Sidemarker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Stop/Tail/Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Rear Sidemarker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Interior Lamps
Bulb Number
Dome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 578
Capacities and Specifications
Please refer to “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index for more information.
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement . . . 7.4 quarts (7.0 L)
After Complete Overhaul . . . . . . . 10.0 quarts (9.5 L)
When draining/replacing converter, more fluid will
be needed.
Cooling System Including Reservoir
3400 (Code E) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.3 quarts (10.7 L)
3800 (Code K) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.7 quarts (11.0 L)
6-68
Refrigerant, Air Conditioning . . . . See refrigerant
charge label under the hood.
Engine Crankcase - Oil and Filter Change
3400 (Code E) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 quarts (4.1 L)
3800 (Code K) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 quarts (4.1 L)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 U.S. gallons (64 L)
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N·m)
All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure to
fill to the approximate level, as recommended in this
manual. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in
the Index.
Engine Specifications
3400 (LA1) V6 Engine
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V6
VIN Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 CID
Compression Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.5:1
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2-3-4-5-6
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . 195_F (91_C)
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 @ 5200 rpm
3800 (L36) V6 Engine
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V6
VIN Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 CID
Compression Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4:1
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6-5-4-3-2
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . 195_F (91_C)
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 @ 5200 rpm
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1614C*
Passenger Compartment Air Filter
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GM Part No. 10406026
Engine Oil Filter
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PF47*
PCV Valve
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CV892C*
Battery
3400 (Code E) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 CCA*
3800 (Code K) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 690 CCA*
Radiator Cap
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RC27*
Spark Plugs
3400 (Code E) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41-940*
Gap: 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
3800 (Code K) V6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41-921*
Gap: 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Windshield Wiper Blades
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22.0 inches (56.0 cm)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shepherd’s Hook
*AC DelcoR part number.
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110.5 inches (280.7 cm)
Tread Width (Front) . . . . . . . . 62.1 inches (157.6 cm)
Tread Width (Rear) . . . . . . . . 61.2 inches (155.5 cm)
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197.9 inches (502.6 cm)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.3 inches (183.6 cm)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.2 inches (140.3 cm)
6-69
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-4
7-5
7-15
Introduction
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Scheduled Maintenance
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
7-19
7-21
7-22
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
Maintenance Requirements
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your
dealer for details.
7-2
Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections and
recommended fluids and lubricants as prescribed in this
manual are necessary to keep your vehicle in good
working condition. Any damage caused by failure to
follow recommended maintenance may not be covered
by warranty.
How This Section is Organized
This maintenance schedule is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you
what should be checked and when. It also explains
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” lists
some recommended products necessary to help keep
your vehicle properly maintained. These products, or
their equivalents, should be used whether you do the
work yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” is a place for you
to record and keep track of the maintenance performed
on your vehicle. Keep your maintenance receipts.
They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
If you want to get the service information, see “Service
and Owner Publications” in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled
Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in
many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read the
following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
7-4
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle
uses these. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
D carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
D are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
D use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
Scheduled Maintenance
Footnotes
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals. The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after 150,000 miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
[ The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
@ Whenever the tires are rotated, the Tire Inflation
Monitor System must be reset.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under
“Periodic Maintenance Inspections” in Part C
of this schedule.
7-5
Scheduled Maintenance
Engine Oil Scheduled Maintenance
Change engine oil and filter as indicated by the GM
Oil Life System (or every 12 months, whichever
occurs first). Reset the system. The system will show
you when to change the oil -- usually between
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and 10,000 miles (16 000 km)
since your last oil change. Under severe conditions, the
indicator may come on before 3,000 miles (5 000 km).
Never drive your vehicle more than 10,000 miles
(16 000 km) or 12 months without an oil and
filter change.
t
7-6
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner if the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message appears. Remember to reset the
Oil Life System when the oil and filter have been
changed. See “Oil Life System” in the Index for
information on resetting.
An Emission Control Service.
Scheduled Maintenance
7-7
Scheduled Maintenance
7-8
Scheduled Maintenance
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.)
(See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly
under dusty conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.)
(See footnote +.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for
proper rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.)
(See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-9
Scheduled Maintenance
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly
under dusty conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly
under dusty conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-10
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid
and filter at 100,000 miles (166 000 km).
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
7-11
Scheduled Maintenance
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly
under dusty conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
j Inspect engine accessory drive belt. An Emission Control Service.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter. An Emission Control Service.
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
j Inspect engine air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions.
Replace filter if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote [.)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly
under dusty conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-12
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
Scheduled Maintenance
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
j If Equipped: Replace passenger compartment air filter. If you drive regularly
under dusty conditions, the filter may require replacement more often.
j Replace engine air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
j Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. (See footnote @.) (See footnote +.)
7-13
Scheduled Maintenance
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
j Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
j Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
j Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
under one or more of these conditions:
– In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches
90_F (32_C) or higher.
– In hilly or mountainous terrain.
– When doing frequent trailer towing.
– Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
j If you haven’t used your vehicle under severe service conditions listed
previously and, therefore, haven’t changed your automatic transaxle fluid,
change both the fluid and filter.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
j Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-14
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Listed in this part are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Part D.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
At Each Fuel Fill
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
Don’t forget to check your spare tire. See “Tires” in the
Index for further details.
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
perform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Cassette Deck Service
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add DEX-COOLR
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
7-15
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged
safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced.
Weatherstrip Lubrication
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply silicone
grease with a clean cloth. During very cold, damp weather
more frequent application may be required. See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Automatic Transaxle Check
Also look for any opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed.
See “Automatic Transaxle Fluid” in the Index. A fluid
loss may indicate a problem. Check the system and
repair if needed.
Wiper Blade Check
At Least Once a Year
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Trunk Release Sensor Check
Body Lubrication Service
At least twice a year, check to see if the system is
working properly. Make sure the horn chirps and
the latch releases. Follow the disabling procedure.
See “Trunk Release Sensor” in the Index.
Lubricate all hinges and latches, including those for the
body doors, hood, secondary latch, pivots, spring
anchor, release pawl, rear compartment, glove box door,
console door and any folding seat hardware. Part D tells
you what to use. More frequent lubrication may be
required when exposed to a corrosive environment.
7-16
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Starter Switch Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See “Parking Brake” in the Index if necessary.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked on
a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary.
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the ON position,
but don’t start the engine. Without applying the
regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle needs service.
7-17
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to OFF in each shift lever position.
D The key should turn to OFF only when the shift lever
is in PARK (P).
D The key should come out only in OFF.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK (P)
Mechanism Check
CAUTION:
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
D To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
D To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
Underbody Flushing Service
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should the vehicle begin to move.
7-18
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Part C: Periodic
Maintenance Inspections
Listed in this part are inspections and services which
should be performed at least twice a year (for instance,
each spring and fall). You should let your dealer’s
service department or other qualified service center do
these jobs. Make sure any necessary repairs are
completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering
system for damaged, loose or missing parts, signs of
wear or lack of lubrication. Inspect the power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals for damage, tears or leakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body
near the exhaust system. Look for broken, damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts as well as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions which could
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in
the Index.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser. To help
ensure proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap is recommended at least once
a year.
7-19
Throttle System Inspection
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference or binding,
and for damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any components that have high effort
or excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and
cruise control cables.
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors
for surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc. You may need to
have your brakes inspected more often if your driving
habits or conditions result in frequent braking.
7-20
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified for
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol
of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
Hydraulic
Brake System
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only GM
GoodwrenchR DEX-COOLR or
HavolineR DEX-COOLR
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index.
Delco Supreme 11R Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid).
USAGE
Windshield
Washer Solvent
Power
Steering System
FLUID/LUBRICANT
GM OptikleenR Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRONR-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
LubriplateR Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-Purpose Lubricant,
SuperlubeR (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
7-21
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading and who performed the service in the
boxes provided after the maintenance interval. Any additional information from “Owner Checks and Services” or
“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on the following record pages. Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Your owner information portfolio is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-22
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-23
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-24
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Chevrolet if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain
service publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users
Customer Assistance Offices
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
Canadian Roadside Assistance
8-8
8-9
8-10
8-10
8-11
Courtesy Transportation
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
8-
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your
dealer and to Chevrolet. Normally, any concerns with
the sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle
will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can be
quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has already
been reviewed with the sales, service or parts manager,
contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center by
calling 1-800-222-1020. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order
to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
D Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate
at the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you have
a concern.
STEP THREE -- Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you
continue to remain unsatisfied after following the
procedure outlined in Steps One and Two, you should
file with the GM/BBB Auto Line Program to enforce
any additional rights you may have. Canadian owners
refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for information on the Canadian
Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
D Dealership name and location
D Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
8-3
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business Bureaus
to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle repairs or
the interpretation of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
Although you may be required to resort to this informal
dispute resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case will
generally be heard within 40 days. If you do not agree
with the decision given in your case, you may reject it and
proceed with any other venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB using the toll-free telephone
number or write them at the following address:
BBB Auto Line
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
8-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Chevrolet has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate
with Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to write
to Chevrolet, the letter should be addressed to Chevrolet’s
Customer Assistance Center.
United States
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USAR (243-8872)
From:
Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico and
U.S. Virgin Islands)
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
0-1-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52 - 53 29 0 800
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward aftermarket driver
or passenger adaptive
equipment you may require
for your vehicle (hand
controls, wheelchair/scooter
lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The program is available
for a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. See your dealer for more details or call
the GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program.
Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details.
When calling from outside Canada, please dial
1-905-644-3063. All TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
8-5
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance Program
If your problem cannot be resolved over the phone,
our advisors have access to a nationwide network of dealer
recommended service providers. Roadside membership
is free; however some services may incur costs.
Roadside offers two levels of service to the customer,
Basic Care and Courtesy Care:
D Toll-free number, 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872),
text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-888-889-2438
D Free towing for warranty repairs
D Basic over-the-phone technical advice
D Available dealer services at reasonable costs
To enhance Chevrolet’s strong commitment to customer
satisfaction, Chevrolet is excited to announce the
establishment of the Chevrolet Roadside Assistance
Center. As the owner of a 2001 Chevrolet, membership
in Roadside Assistance is free.
Roadside Assistance is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, by calling 1-800-CHEV-USA (243-8872).
This toll-free number will provide you over-the-phone
roadside assistance with minor mechanical problems.
8-6
(i.e., wrecker services, locksmith/key service,
glass repair, etc.)
ROADSIDE Courtesy Care PROVIDES:
D Roadside Basic Care services (as outlined previously)
Plus:
D FREE Non-Warranty Towing (to the closest dealer
from a legal roadway)
D FREE Locksmith/Key Service (when keys are lost
on the road or locked inside)
D FREE Flat Tire Service (spare installed on the road)
D FREE Jump Start (at home or on the road)
D FREE Fuel Delivery ($5 of fuel delivered on the road)
Chevrolet offers Courtesy Transportation for customers
needing warranty service. Courtesy Transportation will
be offered in conjunction with the coverage provided by
the Bumper-to-Bumper New Vehicle Limited Warranty
to eligible purchasers of 2001 Chevrolet passenger cars
and light duty trucks. (Please see your selling dealer
for details.)
Courtesy Care is available to retail and retail lease
customers operating 2001 and newer Chevrolet vehicles
for a period of 3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km),
whichever occurs first. All Courtesy Care services must
be pre-arranged by Chevrolet Roadside or dealer
service management.
Basic Care and Courtesy Care are not part of or
included in the coverage provided by the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Chevrolet reserves the right to
modify or discontinue Basic Care and Courtesy Care
at any time.
For prompt assistance when calling, please have the
following available to give to the advisor:
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
License plate number
Vehicle color
Vehicle location
Telephone number where you can be reached
Vehicle mileage
Description of problem
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
The Roadside Assistance Center uses companies that
will provide you with quality and priority service. When
roadside services are required, our advisors will explain
any payment obligations that may be incurred for
utilizing outside services.
8-7
Courtesy Transportation
Chevrolet has always exemplified quality and value
in its offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your
ownership experience, we and our participating dealers
are proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to
retail purchase/lease customers in conjunction with
the Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the
New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation
options are available when warranty repairs are
required. This will reduce your inconvenience during
warranty repairs.
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising your
service consultant of your transportation needs, your
dealer can help minimize your inconvenience. If your
vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service department
immediately, keep driving it until it can be scheduled for
service, unless, of course, the problem is safety-related.
If it is, please call your dealership, let them know this,
and ask for instructions.
8-8
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in the
work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Chevrolet helps
minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle service to
get you to your destination with minimal interruption of
your daily schedule. This includes a one way shuttle ride to a
destination up to 10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement up to $30 per day (five days maximum)
may be available for the use of public transportation
such as taxi or bus. In addition, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative,
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses up to
$10 per day (five day maximum) may be available.
Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and be
supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
When your vehicle is unavailable due to overnight
warranty repairs, your dealer may arrange to provide
you with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you
for a rental vehicle you obtained, at actual cost, up to
a maximum of $30.00 per day supported by receipts.
This requires that you sign and complete a rental
agreement and meet state, local and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and may
include minimum age requirements, insurance coverage,
credit card, etc. You are responsible for fuel usage
charges and may also be responsible for taxes, levies,
usage fees, excessive mileage or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Courtesy Transportation is available only at
participating dealers and all program options, such as
shuttle service, may not be available at every dealer.
Please contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during the
Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealer for details.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at any time
and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility pursuant to the
terms and conditions described herein at its sole discretion.
Additional Program Information
Warranty Information
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period,
but it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information” furnished with each new
vehicle provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
8-9
REPORTING SAFETY
DEFECTS TO THE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
8-10
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TO
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-222-1020, or write:
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
8-11
2001 CHEVROLET SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing of your vehicle can be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 2001 CHEVROLET
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments and specifications for the
2001 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $20.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins give technical service information needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Helm, Incorporated S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
8-12
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles. To request an order form, please
specify year and model name of the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM Eastern Time
Visit Helm, Inc. on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA–MasterCard–Discover)
ORDER TOLL FREE
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-551-4123
(Monday-Friday 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-313-865-5927
2
0
0
1
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow adequate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address shown below or call
1-800-551-4123. Material cannot be returned for credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against the original order.
ITEM DESCRIPTION
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
YEAR
QTY.
PRICE
EACH*
Service Manual
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
2001
$120.00
2001
$50.00
Owner’s Manual In Portfolio
2001
$20.00
Owner’s Manual Without Portfolio
2001
$15.00
TOTAL
PRICE
G
M
S
H
I
P
T
O
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the
name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED S P.O. Box 07130 S Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS—NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(ZIP CODE)
(
)
AREA CODE
GM-CHE-ORD99
*(Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm, Inc. (USA funds
only — do not send cash.)
TOTAL MATERIAL
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
U.S. Order Processing
MasterCard
VISA
$6.00
Canadian Postage
GRAND TOTAL
Discover
Account
Number:
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
8-13
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