Specifications | Chevrolet 2007 Automobile User Manual

2007 Chevrolet Tahoe, Suburban Owner Manual
M
Seats and Restraint Systems ....................... 7
Front Seats .............................................. 9
Rear Seats ............................................. 19
Safety Belts ............................................ 38
Child Restraints ...................................... 61
Airbag System ........................................ 90
Restraint System Check
....................... 108
Instrument Panel .......................................
Instrument Panel Overview ...................
Climate Controls ...................................
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
..........................................
Driver Information Center (DIC)
............
Audio System(s) ...................................
Features and Controls ..............................
Keys .....................................................
Doors and Locks ..................................
Windows ...............................................
Theft-Deterrent Systems
.......................
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle .....
Mirrors ..................................................
OnStar® System ...................................
Universal Home Remote System
..........
Storage Areas
......................................
Sunroof
................................................
Driving Your Vehicle ................................. 355
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
..................................... 356
Towing
................................................. 417
111
113
122
132
135
139
162
173
177
190
197
Service and Appearance Care ..................
Service .................................................
Fuel ......................................................
Checking Things Under the Hood .........
Rear Axle .............................................
Four-Wheel Drive ..................................
Front Axle
............................................
199
202
227
242
260
290
441
444
446
456
496
497
498
1
Headlamp Aiming
.................................
Bulb Replacement
................................
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement .....................................
Tires .....................................................
Appearance Care ..................................
Vehicle Identification .............................
Electrical System ..................................
Capacities and Specifications ................
2
499
502
Maintenance Schedule .............................. 575
Maintenance Schedule .......................... 576
505
507
553
562
563
572
Customer Assistance Information ............. 597
Customer Assistance and Information ..... 598
Reporting Safety Defects ...................... 615
Index .......................................................... 619
This manual describes features that may be
available in this model, but your vehicle may not
have all of them. For example, more than one
entertainment system may be offered or your
vehicle may have been ordered without a front
passenger or rear seats.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem,
CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem, and the
names TAHOE, SUBURBAN, and Z71 are
registered trademarks of General Motors
Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the
time it was printed. We reserve the right to
make changes in the product after that time
without notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada,
substitute the name “General Motors of Canada
Limited” for Chevrolet Motor Division wherever it
appears in this manual.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 15854794 C Third Printing
©
Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there
if you ever need it while you are on the road. If
you sell the vehicle, leave this manual with
the vehicle.
Canadian Owners
A French language copy of this manual can be
obtained from your dealer/retailer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
2006 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
3
How to Use This Manual
Many people read the owner manual from
beginning to end when they first receive their new
vehicle. If this is done, it can help you learn
about the features and controls for the vehicle.
Pictures and words work together in the
owner manual to explain things.
Index
A good place to quickly locate information about
the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual.
It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual
and the page number where it can be found.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
There are a number of safety cautions in this
book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to
tell about things that could hurt you if you were to
ignore the warning.
4
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could
hurt you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or
reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If
you do not, you or others could be hurt.
You will also find a
circle with a slash
through it in this book.
This safety symbol
means “Do Not,” “Do
Not do this” or “Do Not
let this happen.”
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this manual you will find these notices:
The vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along
with the text describing the operation or
information relating to a specific component,
control, message, gage, or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something
that could damage your vehicle.
A notice tells about something that can damage
the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your vehicle’s warranty, and it could
be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors
or in different words.
There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They
use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage, or indicator, reference the
following topics:
• Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
• Features and Controls in Section 2
• Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
• Climate Controls in Section 3
• Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in
Section 3
• Audio System(s) in Section 3
• Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
5
These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:
6
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ..................................................... 9
Manual Seats ................................................ 9
Power Seats ............................................... 10
Power Lumbar ............................................. 11
Heated Seats .............................................. 12
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals .............. 13
Reclining Seatbacks .................................... 15
Head Restraints .......................................... 18
Center Seat ................................................ 19
Rear Seats .................................................... 19
Heated Seats .............................................. 19
60/40 Split Bench Seat
(Second Row) .......................................... 20
Bucket Seats (Second Row) ........................ 26
Third Row Seat ........................................... 33
Safety Belts .................................................. 38
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ........... 38
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................. 42
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............. 43
Driver Position ............................................. 43
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment ................. 51
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy .............. 52
Right Front Passenger Position ................... 52
Center Front Passenger Position ................. 53
Rear Seat Passengers ................................ 54
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ................ 56
Safety Belt Pretensioners ............................ 60
Safety Belt Extender ................................... 60
Child Restraints ............................................ 61
Older Children ............................................. 61
Infants and Young Children ......................... 64
Child Restraint Systems .............................. 68
Where to Put the Restraint .......................... 72
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) .................................................. 74
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position ........................................... 82
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Front Seat Position .................................. 85
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position .................................. 85
7
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Airbag System .............................................. 90
Where Are the Airbags? .............................. 93
When Should an Airbag Inflate? .................. 96
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? ................... 98
How Does an Airbag Restrain? ................... 99
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates? ................................................... 99
Passenger Sensing System ....................... 101
8
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle .... 106
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ........................ 107
Restraint System Check ............................. 108
Checking the Restraint Systems ................ 108
Replacing Restraint System Parts After
a Crash ................................................. 109
Front Seats
To move a manual seat
forward or rearward:
Manual Seats
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you
try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while
the vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when you do
not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
1. Lift the bar to unlock the seat.
2. Slide the seat to where you want it and
release the bar.
Try to move the seat with your body to be sure
the seat is locked in place.
9
Power Seats
Driver’s Seat with Power Seat Control, Power
Recline, and Power Lumbar shown
On a vehicle with power seats, the controls used
to operate them are located on the outboard
side of the seats. To adjust the seat, do any of the
following:
• Move the seat forward or rearward by sliding
the control forward or rearward.
• Raise or lower the front part of the seat
cushion by moving the front of the control up
or down.
• Raise or lower the rear part of the seat
cushion by moving the rear of the control up
or down.
• Raise or lower the entire seat by moving the
entire control up or down.
On seats with power reclining seatbacks, the
control is located behind the power seat control on
the outboard side of the seats. See “Power
Reclining Seatbacks” under Reclining Seatbacks
on page 15.
A vehicle with a memory function allows seat
settings to be saved and recalled. See Memory
Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13 for
more information.
10
Power Lumbar
• To raise the height of the lumbar support,
press and hold the top of the control.
• To lower the height of the lumbar support,
press and hold the bottom of the control.
Release the control when the lower seatback
reaches the desired level of lumbar support.
Your vehicle may have a memory function which
allows seat settings to be saved and recalled.
See Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13
for more information.
Keep in mind that as your seating position
changes, as it may during long trips, so should the
position of your lumbar support. Adjust the seat
as needed.
If the seats have power lumbar, the controls used
to operate this feature are located on the
outboard side of the seats.
• To increase lumbar support, press and hold
the front of the control.
• To decrease lumbar support, press and hold
the rear of the control.
11
J (Heated Seat and Seatback): Press this
Heated Seats
button to turn on the heated seat and seatback.
On vehicles with heated
front seats, the controls
are located on the
driver’s and passenger’s
doors, near the door
handle.
I (Heated Seatback): Press this button to turn
on the heated seatback.
The light on the button will come on to indicate
that the feature is working. Press the button
to cycle through the temperature settings of high,
medium, and low and to turn the heat to the
seatback off. Indicator lights below the button show
the level of heat selected: three for high, two for
medium, and one for low.
12
The light on the button will come on to indicate that
the feature is working. Press the button to cycle
through the temperature settings of high, medium,
and low and to turn the heat to the seat off.
Indicator lights above the button will show the level
of heat selected: three for high, two for medium,
and one for low.
The heated seats will be canceled ten seconds
after the ignition is turned off. If you want to
use the heated seat feature after you restart your
vehicle, you will need to press the appropriate
heated seat or seatback button again.
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals
Your vehicle may have the memory package.
The controls for this
feature are located on
the driver’s door
panel, and are used to
program and recall
memory settings for the
driver’s seat, outside
mirrors, and the
adjustable throttle and
brake pedal.
To save your positions in memory, do the
following:
1. Adjust the driver’s seat, including the seatback
recliner and lumbar, both outside mirrors, and
the throttle and brake pedals to a comfortable
position.
See Outside Power Mirrors on page 170 and
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal on
page 143 for more information.
Not all mirrors will have the ability to save and
recall their positions.
Not all adjustable throttles and brake pedals
will have the ability to save and recall
their positions.
2. Press and hold button 1 until two beeps are
heard indicating that the position has been
stored.
A second seating, mirror, and throttle and brake
pedal position can be programmed by repeating
the above steps and pressing button 2.
To recall the memory positions, the vehicle must be
in PARK (P). Press and release either button 1 or
button 2 corresponding to the desired driving
position. The seat, outside mirrors, and adjustable
throttle and brake pedals will move to the position
previously stored. You will hear a single beep.
If you use the remote keyless entry transmitter to
enter your vehicle and the remote recall memory
feature is on, automatic seat, adjustable mirror,
and adjustable pedal movements will occur.
See “MEMORY SEAT RECALL” under DIC Vehicle
Customization (With DIC Buttons) on page 280
for more information.
13
To stop recall movement of the memory function
at any time, press one of the power seat controls,
memory buttons, power mirror buttons, or
adjustable pedal switch.
Easy Exit Seat
If something has blocked the driver’s seat and/or
the adjustable pedals while recalling a memory
position, the driver’s seat and/or the adjustable
pedals recall may stop working. If this happens,
remove the obstruction and press the appropriate
control for the area that is not responding for
two seconds. Try recalling the memory position
again by pressing the appropriate memory button.
If the memory position is still not recalling, see
your dealer for service.
With the vehicle in PARK (P), the driver’s seat exit
position can be recalled by pressing the exit
button. You will hear a single beep, and the
driver’s seat will move back.
The control for this feature is located on the
driver’s door panel between buttons 1 and 2.
If the easy exit seat feature is programmed in the
Driver Information Center (DIC), automatic
seat movement will occur when the key is removed
from the ignition. See “EASY EXIT SEAT” under
DIC Vehicle Customization (With DIC Buttons)
on page 280 for more information.
The memory seat and easy exit features can also
be programmed using the DIC.
For programming information, see DIC Vehicle
Customization (With DIC Buttons) on page 280.
14
Reclining Seatbacks
Manual Reclining Seatbacks
If the seats have manual reclining seatbacks, the
lever used to operate them is located on the
outboard side of the seat(s).
{CAUTION:
You can lose control of the vehicle if you
try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while
the vehicle is moving. The sudden
movement could startle and confuse you,
or make you push a pedal when you do
not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only
when the vehicle is not moving.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
To recline the seatback, do the following:
1. Lift the recline lever.
2. Move the seatback to the desired position,
then release the lever to lock the seatback
in place.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
15
To return the seatback to an upright position, do
the following:
1. Lift the lever fully without applying pressure to
the seatback and the seatback will return to
the upright position.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
Power Reclining Seatbacks
If the seats have power reclining seatbacks, the
control used to recline them is located on the
outboard side of the seat behind the power seat
control.
• To recline the seatback, tilt the top of the
control rearward.
• To bring the seatback forward, tilt the top of
the control forward.
16
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your
vehicle is in motion can be dangerous.
Even if you buckle up, your safety belts
cannot do their job when you are reclined
like this.
The shoulder belt cannot do its job. In a
crash, you could go into it, receiving neck
or other injuries.
The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a
crash the belt could go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at your pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is
in motion, have the seatback upright.
Then sit well back in the seat and wear
your safety belt properly.
Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
17
Head Restraints
Pull the head restraint up
to raise it. To lower the
head restraint, press the
release button (A),
located on the top of
the seatback, while
you push the head
restraint down.
The front seats may have head restraints that also
tilt forward and rearward.
Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the
restraint is at the same height as the top of
the occupant’s head. This position reduces the
chance of a neck injury in a crash.
To tilt the head restraint, grasp the top of the
restraint while pressing the button (B), located on
the inboard side of the head restraint, and
move it forward or rearward until the desired
locking position is reached. Try to move the head
restraint after the button is released to make
sure that it is locked in place.
The second row seats may have head rests that
can be adjusted up and down, but they do not tilt.
18
Center Seat
Your vehicle may have a front center seat.
The seatback doubles as an armrest and
cupholder/storage area for the driver and
passenger when the center seat is not used. Do
not use it as a seating position when the seatback
is folded down.
Rear Seats
Heated Seats
If the rear seats have
the heated seat feature,
the buttons used to
control this feature are
located on the Rear
Seat Audio (RSA) panel.
For information on safety belts for this position,
see Center Front Passenger Position on page 53.
Driver’s Side RSA
Heated Seat Button
Only shown
M (Heated Seat): To heat the seat cushion,
press the button with the heated seat symbol.
A heated seat symbol will be shown in the RSA
display to indicate that the feature is on. Press the
button to cycle through the temperature settings
of high, medium, and low, and to turn it off.
19
Indicator bars next to the symbol will designate
the level of heat selected: three for high, two
for medium, and one for low.
The heated seats will be canceled ten seconds
after the ignition is turned off. If the vehicle
is restarted, the heated seat button will need to be
pressed again to restart the feature.
60/40 Split Bench Seat
(Second Row)
Manual Fold and Tumble Feature
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
If your vehicle has a 60/40 split bench, the seat(s)
can be folded for additional cargo space or
folded and tumbled for easy entry and exit to the
third row seats, if your vehicle has them. These
seats will have either the manual fold and tumble
feature or the automatic seat release fold and
tumble feature.
2. Lift the lever, located on the outboard side of
the seat, to release the seatback.
20
3. Lift the same lever
again to release the
rear of the seat
from the floor. The
seat will tumble
forward.
The seatback will fold forward automatically.
Leaving the seatback in this position creates a
flat load floor.
If the seatback cannot fold flat, try moving the
front seat forward and/or put the front
seatback in the upright position.
21
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward. Push
and pull on the seatback to make sure it is
locked.
22
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that the
safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
3. Make sure the safety belt in the center
seating position is not caught between the two
seats and is not twisted.
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s) from the
Third Row Seats
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third rows, if
your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
2. Lift the lever(s), located on the bottom rear of
the second row seat(s) on the inboard side, to
release the seatback. The seatback will fold
forward.
3. Lift the same lever again to release the rear
of the seat from the floor. The seat will
tumble forward automatically.
23
Automatic Release Fold and Tumble
Feature
2. From the front
seats, press one of
the automatic
seat release buttons
located on the
overhead console.
The transmission must be in PARK (P) for this
feature to work.
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
{CAUTION:
Automatically folding and tumbling the
seat when someone is sitting in the seat,
could cause injury to the person sitting
there. Always make sure there is no one
sitting in the seat before pressing the
automatic seat release button.
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
24
Overhead Console
Buttons shown, Panel
Button similar
When accessing the third row seats, if your
vehicle has them, from the outside of the
vehicle, press the button on the panel behind
either rear door.
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that the
safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
3. Make sure that the safety belt in the center
seating position is not caught between the
two seats and is not twisted.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward.
Push and pull on the seatback to make sure
it is locked.
25
Folding and Tumbling the Second Row
Seat(s) from the Third Row Seats or
Outside
2. Press the automatic
seat release button
located on the
panel behind the
rear doors.
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third row
seats, if your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
26
Driver’s Side Rear Panel
Button shown
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
Bucket Seats (Second Row)
If your vehicle has bucket seats, the seatbacks
can be reclined, the seats can be folded for
additional cargo space, or folded and tumbled for
easy entry and exit to the third row seats, if
your vehicle has them. These seats will have either
the manual fold and tumble feature or the
automatic seat release fold and tumble feature.
Reclining Seatbacks
To recline the seatback, do the following:
To return the seatback to an upright position, do
the following:
1. Lift the lever fully without applying pressure to
the seatback and the seatback will return to
the upright position.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
1. Lift the lever located on the outboard side of
the seat.
2. Move the seatback to the desired position,
then release the lever to lock the seatback
in place.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
2. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
27
Manual Fold and Tumble Feature
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
The seatback will fold forward. Leaving the
seatback in this position creates a flat
load floor.
If the seatback cannot fold flat, try moving the
front seat forward and/or put the front
seatback in the upright position.
2. Lift the lever, located on the outboard side of
the seat, to release the seatback.
28
3. Lift the lever again
to release the rear
of the seat from
the floor. The seat
will tumble forward.
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward. Push
and pull on the seatback to make sure it is
locked.
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
29
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s) from the
Third Row Seats
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third row
seats, if your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
30
2. Lift the lever,
located on the
bottom rear of the
second row seat on
the inboard side,
to release the
seatback. The
seatback will fold
forward.
3. Lift the lever again to release the rear of the
seat from the floor. The seat will tumble
forward.
Automatic Release Fold and Tumble
Feature
2. From the front
seats, press one of
the automatic
seat release buttons
located on the
overhead console.
The transmission must be in PARK (P) for this
feature to work.
Folding and Tumbling the Seat(s)
{CAUTION:
Automatically folding and tumbling the
seat when someone is sitting in the seat,
could cause injury to the person sitting
there. Always make sure there is no one
sitting in the seat before pressing the
automatic seat release button.
To fold and tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts
still fastened may cause damage to the seat or
the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety
belts and return them to their normal stowed
position before folding a rear seat.
Overhead Console
Buttons shown
When accessing the third row seats, if your
vehicle has them, from the outside of the
vehicle, press the button on the panel behind
either rear door.
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
31
Returning the Seat(s) to the Sitting
Position
To return the seat to the sitting position, do the
following:
1. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
2. Lift the seatback and push it rearward. Push
and pull on the seatback to make sure it is
locked.
32
Folding and Tumbling the Second Row
Seat(s) from the Third Row Seats or
Outside
{CAUTION:
Using the third row seating position while
the second row is folded, or folded and
tumbled, could cause injury in a sudden
stop or crash. Be sure to return the seat
to the passenger seating position. Push
and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place.
To fold and tumble the seat from the third row
seats, if your vehicle has them, do the following:
1. Make sure that there is nothing under, in front
of, or on the seat.
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
2. Press the automatic
seat release button
located on the
panel behind the
rear doors.
Folding the Seatback(s)
To fold the seatback, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls for
the seat.
2. Remove all items on the seat cushion.
Driver’s Side Rear Panel
Button shown
One press of the button automatically folds the
seatback flat and tumbles the seat forward.
There will be a slight delay between the folding
of the seatback and the tumbling of the seat.
Third Row Seat
Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety
belts still fastened may cause damage to the
seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle
the safety belts and return them to their normal
stowed position before folding a rear seat.
3. Lift the release lever,
located on the bottom
rear of the seatback
on the outboard
side of the seat, and
the seatback will
fold forward.
If the vehicle has a third row seat, the seatback(s)
can be folded and the entire seat can be
tumbled, or removed from the vehicle.
33
Unfolding the Seatback(s)
To return the seatback to the upright position, do
the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls for
the seat.
2. Pull up on the seatback until it locks into the
upright position.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
3. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
To tumble the seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls for
the seat.
2. Make sure the head rests are completely
lowered, there is nothing under, in front of,
or on the seat, and all items are removed from
the cupholder and storage bin, if the seat is
a two-passenger seat.
3. Fold the seatbacks forward using the
instructions previously listed under “Folding
the Seatbacks”. You will not be able to unlatch
the seat from the floor unless the seatback
is folded down.
4. Unlatch the seat
from the floor by
lifting the lever
located next to the
carrying handle
on the rear of the
seat near the
bottom.
Tumbling the Third Row Seat
The seat can be tumbled forward for additional
cargo space.
5. Lift the rear of the seat up from the floor.
34
6. Tilt the seat fully forward to lock it into place.
7. Push and pull on the seat to make sure it
is locked.
Put the seat in this position only when necessary
for additional cargo space.
Returning the Third Row Seat from a
Tumbled Position
To return the seat to the normal seating position,
do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls for
the seat.
2. Make sure there is nothing that could become
trapped under the seat.
3. Release the seat from the tumbled position by
lifting the lever located next to the carrying
handle at the bottom rear of the seat.
4. Pull the seat down until it latches to the floor.
The seatback cannot be raised if the seat is
not latched to the floor.
5. Pull up on the seatback until it locks into the
upright position.
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
Removing the Third Row Seat
To remove the seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the controls for
the seat.
2. Fold the seatback forward using the
instructions listed under “Folding the
Seatbacks” previously. The seat cannot be
removed unless the seatback is folded.
35
3. Unlatch the seat
from the floor by
pulling the carrying
handle, located
at the rear of
the seat, rearward.
3. Lower the rear of the seat and push down on
the seat to engage the rear floor latches.
{CAUTION:
A seat that is not locked into place
properly can move around in a collision or
sudden stop. People in the vehicle could
be injured. Be sure to lock the seat into
place properly when installing it.
4. Roll the seat out of the vehicle. There is a
track in the floor to guide the seat wheels
out of the vehicle.
Installing the Third Row Seat
To install the seat, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate to access the rear of the
vehicle.
2. Slide the front outboard seat wheels into the
track on the floor and roll the seat forward.
The front latches should lock into place. If the
latches do not lock, try tilting the rear of
the seat upward slightly.
36
4. Push and pull on the seat to make sure it is
locked into place. The seatback cannot be
raised to the upright position unless the seat is
secured to the floor.
5. Pull up on the seatback until it locks into the
upright position.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the seatback is not locked, it could
move forward in a sudden stop or crash.
That could cause injury to the person
sitting there. Always push and pull on the
seatback to be sure it is locked.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted will not
provide the protection needed in a crash.
The person wearing the belt could be
seriously injured. After raising the rear
seatback, always check to be sure that the
safety belts are properly routed and
attached, and are not twisted.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it
is locked.
7. Make sure the safety belts are returned to the
original position over the seatbacks.
37
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use
safety belts properly. It also tells you some things
you should not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Do not let anyone ride where he or she
cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you
are in a crash and you are not wearing a
safety belt, your injuries can be much
worse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured or killed. In the same
crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety
belt, and check that your passengers’
belts are fastened properly too.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a
cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle.
In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or
killed. Do not allow people to ride in any
area of your vehicle that is not equipped
with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and
using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has indicators to remind you and
your passengers to buckle your safety belts. See
Safety Belt Reminder Light on page 244 and
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light on
page 245.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the
law says to wear safety belts. Here is why:
They work.
You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do
have a crash, you do not know if it will be a
bad one.
38
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be
so serious that even buckled up, a person
would not survive. But most crashes are in
between. In many of them, people who buckle up
can survive and sometimes walk away. Without
belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast
as it goes.
After more than 40 years of safety belts in
vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes
buckling up does matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a
seat on wheels.
39
Put someone on it.
40
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The
rider does not stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by
something. In a real vehicle, it could be the
windshield...
or the instrument panel...
41
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I am wearing a safety belt?
A: You could be — whether you are wearing a
safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a
safety belt, even if you are upside down. And
your chance of being conscious during and
after an accident, so you can unbuckle and get
out, is much greater if you are belted.
Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I
have to wear safety belts?
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle
does. You get more time to stop. You stop
over more distance, and your strongest bones
take the forces. That is why safety belts
make such good sense.
42
A: Airbags are supplemental systems only; so
they work with safety belts — not instead of
them. Every airbag system ever offered
for sale has required the use of safety belts.
Even if you are in a vehicle that has airbags,
you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That is true not only in frontal
collisions, but especially in side and other
collisions.
Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive
far from home, why should I wear
safety belts?
A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are
in an accident — even one that is not your
fault — you and your passengers can be hurt.
Being a good driver does not protect you
from things beyond your control, such as bad
drivers.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know
about safety belts and children. And there
are different rules for smaller children and babies.
If a child will be riding in your vehicle, see
Older Children on page 61 or Infants and Young
Children on page 64. Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km)
of home. And the greatest number of
serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of
less than 40 mph (65 km/h).
First, you will want to know which restraint
systems your vehicle has.
Safety belts are for everyone.
Driver Position
We will start with the driver position.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to
wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To
see how, see “Seats” in the Index.
43
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the
height that is right for you. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash. See
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment on page 51.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The lap-shoulder belt may lock if you pull the
belt across you very quickly. If this happens,
let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.
Then pull the belt across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it
clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure. If the belt is not long enough,
see Safety Belt Extender on page 60.
44
6. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder belt.
It may be necessary to pull stitching on the
safety belt through the latch plate to fully
tighten the lap belt on smaller occupants.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide under
the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able
to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop
or crash.
45
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
46
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your lap belt
is too loose. In a crash, you could slide
under the lap belt and apply force at your
abdomen. This could cause serious or
even fatal injuries. The lap belt should be
worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs.
A: The lap belt is too loose. It will not give nearly
as much protection this way.
47
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a
crash, the belt would go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces would be there,
not at the pelvic bones. This could cause
serious internal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into the buckle nearest you.
A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
48
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear
the shoulder belt under your arm. In a
crash, your body would move too far
forward, which would increase the chance
of head and neck injury. Also, the belt
would apply too much force to the ribs,
which are not as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure
internal organs like your liver or spleen.
A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It
should be worn over the shoulder at all
times.
49
Q: What is wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted
belt. In a crash, you would not have the
full width of the belt to spread impact
forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight
so it can work properly, or ask your
dealer/retailer to fix it.
A: The belt is twisted across the body.
50
Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of
the belt is centered on your shoulder. The
belt should be away from your face and neck, but
not falling off your shoulder. Improper shoulder
belt height adjustment could reduce the
effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out
of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can
damage both the belt and your vehicle.
To move it down,
squeeze the buttons (A)
on the sides of the
height adjuster
and move the height
adjuster to the desired
position.
You can move the adjuster up just by pushing up on
the shoulder belt guide.
After you move the adjuster to where you want it, try
to move it down without squeezing the buttons to
make sure it has locked into position.
51
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely
to be seriously injured if they do not wear
safety belts.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it
is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt
in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone,
the key to making safety belts effective is wearing
them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s
safety belt properly, see Driver Position on
page 43.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the
same way as the driver’s safety belt — except
for one thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion
of the belt out all the way, you will engage the
child restraint locking feature which may turn off
the passenger’s frontal airbag. If this happens, just
let the belt go back all the way and start again.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder
belt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as
possible, below the rounding, throughout the
pregnancy.
52
Center Front Passenger Position
Lap Belt
Your vehicle may have a center front seating
position.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as
shown until the belt is snug.
When you sit in the center front seating position,
you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor.
To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and
pull it along the belt.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as
the lap part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt is not
long enough, see Safety Belt Extender on
page 60.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
53
Rear Seat Passengers
It is very important for rear seat passengers to
buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted
people in the rear seat are hurt more often in
crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who are not safety belted
can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And
they can strike others in the vehicle who are
wearing safety belts.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
All rear seat positions have lap-shoulder belts.
Here is how to wear one properly.
54
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you. Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let
the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull
the belt across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it
clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is
secure.
When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the
way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the
way and start again.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 60.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull up on the
shoulder part.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In
a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you would be less likely to slide under
the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would
apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and across the
chest. These parts of the body are best able
to take belt restraining forces.
55
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a
crash.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder
belt is too loose. In a crash, you would
move forward too much, which could
increase injury. The shoulder belt should
fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides may provide
added safety belt comfort for older children
who have outgrown booster seats and for some
adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the
comfort guide positions the belt away from
the neck and head.
56
There is one guide for each outside passenger
position in the second row seat and the third row,
if your vehicle has one. Here is how to install a
comfort guide to the safety belt:
Third Row
If your vehicle has a third row, remove the
guide from its storage pocket on the side
of the seat.
Second Row
1. For the second row, remove the guide from its
storage clip on the interior body.
57
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The
elastic cord must be under the belt. Then,
place the guide over the belt, and insert the
two edges of the belt into the slots of the
guide.
58
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies
flat. The elastic cord must be under the belt
and the guide on top.
{CAUTION:
A safety belt that is not properly worn
may not provide the protection needed in
a crash. The person wearing the belt
could be seriously injured. The shoulder
belt should go over the shoulder and
across the chest. These parts of the body
are best able to take belt restraining
forces.
4. Buckle, position, and release the safety belt
as described in Rear Seat Passengers on
page 54. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guide, squeeze
the belt edges together so that you can take
them out of the guide. Slide the guide into
its storage clip on the interior body or storage
pocket on the side of the seat.
59
Safety Belt Pretensioners
Safety Belt Extender
Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the
driver and right front passenger. Although you
cannot see them, they are part of the safety belt
assembly. They help tighten the safety belts during
the early stages of a moderate to severe frontal
or near frontal crash if the threshold conditions for
pretensioner activation are met. And, if your
vehicle has roof-mounted rollover airbags, safety
belt pretensioners can help tighten the safety
belts in a side crash or a rollover event.
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you,
you should use it.
Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a
crash, you will need to get new ones, and
probably other new parts for your safety belt
system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash on page 109.
60
But if a safety belt is not long enough, your
dealer/retailer will order you an extender. When
you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will
wear, so the extender will be long enough for
you. To help avoid personal injury, do not
let someone else use it, and use it only for the
seat it is made to fit. The extender has been
designed for adults. Never use it for securing child
seats. To wear it, attach it to the regular safety
belt. For more information, see the instruction
sheet that comes with the extender.
Child Restraints
Q: What is the proper way to wear safety
belts?
Older Children
A: If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional
restraint a shoulder belt can provide. The
shoulder belt should not cross the face
or neck. The lap belt should fit snugly below
the hips, just touching the top of the thighs. It
should never be worn over the abdomen,
which could cause severe or even fatal internal
injuries in a crash.
According to accident statistics, children are safer
when properly restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating positions.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats
should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can
strike other people who are buckled up, or can be
thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need
to use safety belts properly.
If you have the choice, a child should sit in a seat
that has a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional
restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
61
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder
belt, but the child is so small that the
shoulder belt is very close to the child’s
face or neck?
A: If the child is sitting in a rear seat outside
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same
belt. The belt cannot properly spread the
impact forces. In a crash, the two children
can be crushed together and seriously
injured. A belt must be used by only one
person at a time.
62
position, move the child toward the center
of the vehicle. If the child is sitting in the
second row center position, move the child
toward the safety belt buckle. In either
case, be sure that the shoulder belt still is on
the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint
that belts provide. See Rear Safety Belt
Comfort Guides on page 56. If the child is so
small that the shoulder belt is still very
close to the child’s face or neck, you might
want to place the child in a rear seat that has
a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the
belt in this way, in a crash the child might
slide under the belt. The belt’s force
would then be applied right on the child’s
abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force
to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
63
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This
includes infants and all other children. Neither the
distance traveled nor the age and size of the
traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use
safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state
in the United States and in every Canadian
province says children up to some age must be
restrained while in a vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Never leave children
unattended in a vehicle and never allow
children to play with the safety belts.
Every time infants and young children ride in
vehicles, they should have the protection provided
by appropriate restraints. Young children should
not use the vehicle’s adult safety belts alone,
unless there is no other choice. Instead, they need
to use a child restraint.
64
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their
arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby
does not weigh much — until a crash.
During a crash a baby will become so
heavy it is not possible to hold it. For
example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will
suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force
on a person’s arms. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate restraint.
65
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer protection for
adults and older children, but not for
young children and infants. Neither the
vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag
system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection
that a child restraint system can provide.
66
Q: What are the different types of add-on
child restraints?
{CAUTION:
A: Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should
take into consideration not only the child’s
weight, height, and age but also whether or not
the restraint will be compatible with the motor
vehicle in which it will be used.
For most basic types of child restraints, there
are many different models available. When
purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is
designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it is,
the restraint will have a label saying that it
meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck.
This is necessary because a newborn
infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs
so much compared with the rest of its
body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facing
seat settles into the restraint, so the crash
forces can be distributed across the
strongest part of an infant’s body, the
back and shoulders. Infants always
should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions
that come with the restraint state the weight
and height limitations for a particular child
restraint. In addition, there are many kinds of
restraints available for children with special
needs.
67
Child Restraint Systems
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is
quite unlike that of an adult or older child,
for whom the safety belts are designed. A
young child’s hip bones are still so small
that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may
not remain low on the hip bones, as it
should. Instead, it may settle up around
the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt
would apply force on a body area that is
unprotected by any bony structure. This
alone could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Young children always should be secured
in appropriate child restraints.
68
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant’s
head rests toward the center of the vehicle.
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with
the seating surface against the back of the
infant. The harness system holds the infant in
place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant
positioned in the restraint.
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint
for the child’s body with the harness and also
sometimes with surfaces such as T-shaped
or shelf-like shields.
69
Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed
for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or
position children. A built-in child restraint
system is a permanent part of the motor
vehicle. An add-on child restraint system is a
portable one, which is purchased by the
vehicle’s owner. To help reduce injuries, an
add-on child restraint must be secured in
the vehicle. With built-in or add-on child
restraints, the child has to be secured within
the child restraint.
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed
to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt
system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt
positioner, and some high-back booster seats
have a five-point harness. A booster seat can also
help a child to see out the window.
70
When choosing an add-on child restraint, be
sure the child restraint is designed to be
used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label
saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Then follow the instructions
for the restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both.
Securing an Add-on Child Restraint in
the Vehicle
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child restraint is not
properly secured in the vehicle. Make sure
the child restraint is properly installed in
the vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belt
or LATCH system, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
When securing an add-on child restraint, refer to
the instructions that come with the restraint
which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet,
or both, and to this manual. The child restraint
instructions are important, so if they are not
available, obtain a replacement copy from the
manufacturer.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
To help reduce the chance of injury, the child
restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child
restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats
by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulder
belt, or by the LATCH system. See Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on
page 74 for more information. A child can
be endangered in a crash if the child restraint is
not properly secured in the vehicle.
71
Securing the Child Within the Child
Restraint
There are several systems for securing the child
within the child restraint. One system, the
three-point harness, has straps that come down
over each of the infant’s shoulders and buckle
together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps, and
a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against
the child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
{CAUTION:
A child can be seriously injured or killed
in a crash if the child is not properly
secured in the child restraint. Make sure
the child is properly secured, following the
instructions that came with that restraint.
Because there are different systems, it is important
to refer to the instructions that come with the
restraint. A child can be endangered in a crash if the
child is not properly secured in the child restraint.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a
rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat and an older child riding in
a booster seat.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat in the
front.” This is because the risk to the rear-facing
child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint
can be seriously injured or killed if the
right front passenger’s airbag inflates.
CAUTION:
72
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
This is because the back of the
rear-facing child restraint would be
very close to the inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off. We recommend
that rear-facing child restraints be
secured in the rear seat, even if the
airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
alwaysmove the front passenger seat
as far back as it will go. It is better to
secure the child restraint in a rear seat.
{CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center
front seat can be badly injured or killed by
the right front passenger’s airbag if it
inflates. Never secure a child restraint in
the center front seat. It is always better to
secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to
secure the child restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and
injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly
secure any child restraint in your vehicle — even
when no child is in it.
73
Lower Anchors and Tethers for
Children (LATCH)
Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints
have lower anchors and attachments or top
tether anchors and attachments.
The LATCH system holds a child restraint during
driving or in a crash. This system is designed
to make installation of a child restraint easier. The
LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle and
attachments on the child restraint that are made for
use with the LATCH system.
Lower Anchors
Make sure that a LATCH-compatible child restraint
is properly installed using the anchors, or use
the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint,
following the instructions that came with that
restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.
When installing a child restraint with a top
tether, you must also use either the lower anchors
or the safety belts to properly secure the child
restraint. A child restraint must never be attached
using only the top tether and anchor.
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle,
you need a child restraint that has LATCH
attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will
provide you with instructions on how to use
the child restraint and its attachments. The
following explains how to attach a child restraint
with these attachments in your vehicle.
74
Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the
vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each
LATCH seating position that will accommodate a
child restraint with lower attachments (B).
Top Tether Anchor
Some child restraints with top tethers are designed
for use with or without the top tether being
attached. Others require the top tether always to
be attached. In Canada, the law requires that
forward-facing child restraints have a top tether,
and that the tether be attached. In the United
States, some child restraints also have a
top tether. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint.
If the child restraint does not have a top tether,
one can be obtained, in kit form, for many
child restraints. Ask the child restraint
manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.
A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child
restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built
into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B)
on the child restraint connects to the top tether
anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward
movement and rotation of the child restraint
during driving or in a crash.
Your child restraint may have a single tether (A) or
a dual tether (C). Either will have a single
attachment (B) to secure the top tether to the
anchor.
75
j (Lower Anchor):
Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor
Locations
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
j (Lower Anchor):
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
two lower anchors.
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
Second Row — Bucket
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Second Row — 60/40
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
Third Row — Two
Passenger
76
i (Top Tether Anchor):
Seating positions with
top tether anchors.
Third Row — Three
Passenger
For models with a three passenger third row seat,
see the information following for installing a
child restraint with a top tether in the third row, if
your vehicle has one. Never install two top
tethers using the same top tether anchor.
For models with 60/40 second row seating, the
rear right side passenger and center seating
positions have exposed metal anchors located in
the crease between the seatback and the seat
cushion.
For models with second row bucket seats, both
rear seating positions have exposed metal anchors
located in the crease between the seatback and
the seat cushion.
Second Row Seat — Bucket
For models with bucket second row seating, the
top tether anchors are located at the bottom rear of
the seat cushion for each seating position in the
second row. Be sure to use an anchor located
on the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
77
Second Row Seat — 60/40
For models with 60/40 second row seating, the top
tether anchors are located at the bottom rear of
the seat cushion for each seating position in
the second row. Be sure to use an anchor located
on the same side of the vehicle as the seating
position where the child restraint will be placed.
Third Row Seat — Two or Three Passenger
For vehicles with a two passenger third row seat,
there is one top tether anchor located at the
bottom rear of the seat cushion that can be used
for the rear driver side seating position in the
third row. Never install two top tethers using the
same top tether anchor.
For vehicles with a three passenger third row seat,
there is one top tether anchor located at the
bottom rear of the seat cushion that can be used
for either the third row center or driver side
seating position. Never install two top tethers using
the same top tether anchor.
78
Do not secure a child restraint in the right front
passenger position or the third row passenger side
seating position if your vehicle has a third row
seat, if a national or local law requires that the top
tether be attached, or if the instructions that
come with the child restraint say that the top tether
must be attached. There is no place to attach
the top tether in these positions.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. See Where to Put the Restraint on page 72
for additional information.
Securing a Child Restraint Designed for
the LATCH System
{CAUTION:
If a LATCH-type child restraint is not
attached to anchors, the restraint will not
be able to protect the child correctly. In a
crash, the child could be seriously injured
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
or killed. Make sure that a LATCH-type
child restraint is properly installed using
the anchors, or use the vehicle’s safety
belts to secure the restraint, following the
instructions that came with that restraint,
and also the instructions in this manual.
{CAUTION:
Each top tether anchor and lower anchor
in the vehicle is designed to hold only one
child restraint. Attaching more than one
child restraint to a single anchor could
cause the anchor or attachment to come
loose or even break during a crash. A
child or others could be injured if this
happens. To help prevent injury to people
and damage to your vehicle, attach only
one child restraint per anchor.
79
{CAUTION:
Children can be seriously injured or
strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped
around their neck and the safety belt
continues to tighten. Secure any unused
safety belts behind the child restraint so
children cannot reach them. Pull the
shoulder belt all the way out of the
retractor to set the lock, if your vehicle
has one, after the child restraint has been
installed. Be sure to follow the
instructions of the child restraint
manufacturer.
Notice: Contact between the child restraint or
the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s
safety belt assembly may cause damage to
these parts. Make sure when securing unused
safety belts behind the child restraint that
there is no contact between the child restraint
or the LATCH attachment parts and the
vehicle’s safety belt assembly.
80
Folding an empty rear seat with the safety
belts secured may cause damage to the safety
belt or the seat. When removing the child
restraint, always remember to return the safety
belts to their normal, stowed position before
folding the rear seat.
1. Attach and tighten the lower attachments to
the lower anchors. If the child restraint does
not have lower attachments or the desired
seating position does not have lower anchors,
secure the child restraint with the top tether
and the safety belts. Refer to your child
restraint manufacturer instructions and the
instructions in this manual.
1.1. Find the lower anchors for the desired
seating position.
1.2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
1.3. Attach and tighten the lower
attachments on the child restraint to the
lower anchors.
2. If the child restraint manufacturer recommends
that the top tether be attached, attach and
tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor,
if the vehicle has one. Refer to the child
restraint instructions and the following steps:
2.1. Find the top tether anchor.
2.2. Route, attach and tighten the top tether
according to your child restraint
instructions and the following
instructions:
If the position you are
using does not have a
head rest/restraint
and you are using a
single tether, route the
tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are
using does not have a
head rest/restraint
and you are using a
dual tether, route
the tether over the
seatback.
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head rest/restraint
and you are using a
dual tether, route
the tether around the
head rest/restraint.
81
If the position you are
using has an adjustable
head rest/restraint
and you are using a
single tether, raise the
head rest/restraint
and route the tether
under the head
rest/restraint and in
between the head
rest/restraint posts.
3. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Seat Position
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 74.
If your vehicle has a third row, there is no top
tether anchor in the passenger-side seating
position. Do not secure a child restraint in this
position if a national or local law requires that the
top tether be anchored or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the top
tether must be anchored.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH
system, you will be using the lap-shoulder
belt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be
sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Put the child restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
82
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
83
6. If your child restraint manufacturer
recommends using a top tether, and the
position that you are using has a top tether
anchor, attach and tighten the top tether to the
top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions
that came with the child restraint and to Lower
Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)
on page 74.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
5. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt.
84
To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is
attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect
it. Unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go
back all the way. The safety belt will move
freely again and be ready to work for an adult or
larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position
{CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the center
front seat can be badly injured or killed by
the right front passenger’s airbag if it
inflates. Never secure a child restraint in
the center front seat. It is always better to
secure a child restraint in the rear seat.
Do not use child restraints in this position. The
restraints will not work properly.
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag. A
rear seat is a safer place to secure a
forward-facing child restraint. See Where to Put
the Restraint on page 72.
In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing
system. The passenger sensing system is
designed to turn off the right front passenger’s
frontal airbag when an infant in a rear-facing infant
seat or a small child in a forward-facing child
restraint or booster seat is detected. See
Passenger Sensing System on page 101 and
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 246 for
more information on this including important
safety information.
85
A label on your sun visor says, “Never put a
rear-facing child seat in the front.” This is because
the risk to the rear-facing child is so great, if the
airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag if the
system detects a rear-facing child restraint,
no system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off.
CAUTION:
86
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
We recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
If you need to secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right front seat position, move the
seat as far back as it will go before securing
the forward-facing child restraint. See Manual
Seats on page 9 or Power Seats on page 10.
If your child restraint has the LATCH system, see
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children
(LATCH) on page 74.
There is no top tether anchor at the right front
seating position. Do not secure a child seat in this
position if a national or local law requires that
the top tether be anchored or if the instructions
that come with the child restraint say that the top
tether must be anchored. See Lower Anchors
and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 74 if
the child restraint has a top tether.
You will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure
the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow
the instructions that came with the child restraint.
Secure the child in the child restraint when and as
the instructions say.
1. Your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
frontal airbag. See Passenger Sensing
System on page 101. We recommend that
rear-facing child restraints be secured in a rear
seat, even if the airbag is off. If your child
restraint is forward-facing, move the seat as
far back as it will go before securing the
child restraint in this seat. See Manual Seats
on page 9 or Power Seats on page 10.
When the passenger sensing system has
turned off the right front passenger’s frontal
airbag, the off indicator in the passenger
airbag status indicator should light and stay lit
when you turn the ignition to RUN or
START. See Passenger Airbag Status
Indicator on page 246.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and
shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt
through or around the restraint. The child
restraint instructions will show you how.
87
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button
is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle
the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
88
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way
out of the retractor to set the lock.
8. If the airbag is off, the off indicator will be lit
and stay lit when the key is turned to RUN or
START.
If a child restraint has been installed and the on
indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove
the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint.
6. To tighten the belt, push down on the child
restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt
to tighten the lap portion of the belt and
feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.
If you are using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your
knee to push down on the child restraint
as you tighten the belt. You should not be able
to pull more of the belt from the retractor
once the lock has been set.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If
this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the
vehicle and check with your dealer.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way.
The safety belt will move freely again and be
ready to work for an adult or larger child
passenger.
89
Airbag System
Your vehicle has a frontal airbag for the driver and a
frontal airbag for the right front passenger. Your
vehicle may also have roof-mounted rollover
airbags designed for either side impact or rollover
deployment. Roof-mounted rollover airbags are
available for the driver and the passenger seated
directly behind the driver and for the right front
passenger and the passenger seated directly
behind that passenger.
If your vehicle has roof-mounted rollover airbags,
the word AIRBAG will appear on the airbag
covering on the ceiling above the sidewall trim near
the driver’s and right front passenger’s window and
the second row outside seating positions.
Also, if your vehicle has a third row passenger seat,
you may have third row roof-mounted rollover
airbags.
Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce the risk
of injury from the force of an inflating frontal airbag.
But these airbags must inflate very quickly to do
their job and comply with federal regulations.
90
Here are the most important things to know about
the airbag system:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed
in a crash if you are not wearing your
safety belt — even if you have airbags.
Wearing your safety belt during a crash
helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it.
Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to
the safety belts. All airbags are designed
to work with safety belts but do not
replace them.
Frontal airbags for the driver and right
front passenger are designed to deploy in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
crashes.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
They are not designed to inflate in
rollover, rear crashes, or in many side
crashes. And, for some unrestrained
occupants, frontal airbags may provide
less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful airbags have provided in
the past.
Roof-mounted rollover airbags are
designed to inflate in moderate to severe
crashes where something hits the side of
your vehicle, during a vehicle rollover, or
in a severe frontal impact. They are not
designed to inflate in rear crashes. If your
vehicle has roof-mounted airbags, they
are designed to provide both side impact
protection and rollover protection.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a
safety belt properly — whether or not
there is an airbag for that person.
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and roof-mounted rollover
airbags inflate with great force, faster than
the blink of an eye. If you are too close to
an inflating airbag, as you would be if you
were leaning forward, it could seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keep you in
position for airbag inflation before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety
belt even with frontal airbags. The driver
should sit as far back as possible while
still maintaining control of the vehicle.
Occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door in the first or second row
seats, or the rear windows in the third row
seat, if your vehicle has roof-mounted
rollover airbags.
91
{CAUTION:
Anyone who is up against, or very close
to, any airbag when it inflates can be
seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer the best
protection for adults, but not for young
children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s
safety belt system nor its airbag system is
designed for them. Young children and
infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle.
To read how, see Older Children on
page 61 or Infants and Young Children on
page 64.
Occupants should not lean on or sleep
against the door in the first or second row
seats, or the rear windows in the third row
seat, if your vehicle has roof-mounted
rollover airbags.
92
There is an airbag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the
airbag symbol.
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an
electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 245 for more information.
Where Are the Airbags?
The right front passenger’s airbag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
The driver’s airbag is in the middle of the steering
wheel.
93
If your vehicle has a roof-mounted rollover airbag
for the driver and the person seated directly
behind the driver, it is located in the ceiling above
the side windows.
94
If your vehicle has a roof-mounted rollover airbag
for the right front passenger and the person
directly behind that passenger, it is located in the
ceiling above the side windows.
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has a roof-mounted rollover airbag
and a third row passenger seat, the airbag is
located in the ceiling above the rear windows for
the outside passenger positions in the third row.
If something is between an occupant and
an airbag, the bag might not inflate
properly or it might force the object into
that person causing severe injury or even
death. The path of an inflating airbag must
be kept clear. Do not put anything
between an occupant and an airbag, and
do not attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any
other airbag covering. And, if your vehicle
has roof-mounted rollover airbags, never
secure anything to the roof of your
vehicle by routing the rope or tie down
through any door or window opening. If
you do, the path of an inflating side
impact airbag will be blocked. The path of
an inflating airbag must be kept clear.
95
When Should an Airbag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to
severe frontal or near-frontal crashes. But they are
designed to inflate only if the impact exceeds a
predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment
thresholds take into account a variety of desired
deployment and non-deployment events and are
used to predict how severe a crash is likely to be in
time for the airbags to inflate and help restrain the
occupants. Whether your frontal airbags will or
should deploy is not based on how fast your vehicle
is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit, the
direction of the impact, and how quickly your
vehicle slows down.
96
In addition, your vehicle has “dual stage” frontal
airbags, which adjust the restraint according
to crash severity. Your vehicle has electronic
frontal sensors, which help the sensing system
distinguish between a moderate frontal impact and
a more severe frontal impact. For moderate
frontal impacts, these airbags inflate at a level less
than full deployment. For more severe frontal
impacts, full deployment occurs. If the front of your
vehicle goes straight into a wall that does not
move or deform, the threshold level for the
reduced deployment is about 9 to 16 mph
(14 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full
deployment is about 18 to 25 mph (29 to 40 km/h).
The threshold level can vary, however, with
specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat
above or below this range.
Frontal airbags may inflate at different crash
speeds. For example:
• If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash speed
than if the vehicle hits a moving object.
• If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the
airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits an object that
does not deform.
• If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole),
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object
(like a wall).
• If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle,
the airbags could inflate at a different crash
speed than if the vehicle goes straight into
the object.
Frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger)
are not intended to inflate during vehicle
rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts.
Your vehicle has a seat position sensor which
enables the sensing system to monitor the
fore and aft position of the driver’s seat. Seat
position sensors provide information that is used
to determine if the airbags should deploy at a
reduced level or at full deployment.
Your vehicle may or may not have roof-mounted
rollover airbags and a rollover sensor. See
Airbag System on page 90. These “rollover
capable” airbags are intended to inflate in
moderate to severe side crashes, during a rollover,
or in a severe frontal impact. A roof-mounted
rollover airbag will inflate if the crash severity is
above the system’s designed “threshold level.” The
threshold level can vary with specific vehicle
design. Roof-mounted airbags are not intended to
inflate in rear impacts. Both roof-mounted
rollover airbags will deploy when either side of the
vehicle is struck, during a rollover, or in a
severe frontal impact.
97
In any particular crash, no one can say whether
an airbag should have inflated simply because
of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the
repair costs were. For frontal airbags, inflation is
determined by what the vehicle hits, the angle
of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle slows
down. For roof-mounted rollover airbags,
inflation is determined by the location and severity
of the impact or a rollover event.
The airbag system is designed to work properly
under a wide range of conditions, including off-road
usage. Observe safe driving speeds, especially
on rough terrain. As always, wear your safety belt.
See Off-Road Driving on page 372 for tips on
off-road driving.
What Makes an Airbag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag
sensing system detects that the vehicle is
in a crash. In the case of a roof-mounted rollover
airbag, the sensing system detects that the
vehicle is about to roll over or has been in a severe
frontal or side impact. The sensing system
triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the airbag. The inflator, airbag, and related
hardware are all part of the airbag modules
inside the steering wheel and in the instrument
panel in front of the right front passenger.
For vehicles with roof-mounted rollover airbags,
the airbag modules are located in the ceiling of the
vehicle, near the side windows.
If your vehicle has a third row seat with
roof-mounted rollover airbags, the airbag modules
are located inside the rear-most pillar trim and
above in the ceiling above the fixed rear glass.
98
How Does an Airbag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the
steering wheel or the instrument panel. In
moderate to severe side collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the inside of the vehicle.
Airbags supplement the protection provided
by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force of the
impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But
the frontal airbags would not help you in many
types of collisions, including rollovers, rear
impacts, and many side impacts, primarily because
an occupant’s motion is not toward the airbag.
Roof-mounted rollover airbags would not help you
in many types of collisions, including many
frontal or near frontal collisions, and rear impacts.
What Will You See After an Airbag
Inflates?
After a frontal airbag inflates, it quickly deflates, so
quickly that some people may not even realize
an airbag inflated. Roof-mounted rollover airbags
may still be at least partially inflated minutes
after the vehicle comes to rest. Some components
of the airbag module — the steering wheel hub
for the driver’s airbag, the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s airbag, and the area
along the ceiling of the vehicle near the side
windows for vehicles with roof–mounted side
impact airbags — may be hot for a short time. The
parts of the airbag that come into contact with
you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There
may be some smoke and dust coming from the
vents in the deflated airbags.
Airbags should never be regarded as anything
more than a supplement to safety belts, and then
only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s frontal airbags, and only in moderate
to severe side collisions or rollovers for vehicles
with roof-mounted rollover airbags.
99
Airbag inflation does not prevent the driver from
seeing out of the windshield or being able to steer
the vehicle, nor does it prevent people from
leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an airbag inflates, there may be
dust in the air. This dust could cause
breathing problems for people with a
history of asthma or other breathing
trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out as soon as it is
safe to do so. If you have breathing
problems but cannot get out of the vehicle
after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air
by opening a window or a door. If you
experience breathing problems following
an airbag deployment, you should seek
medical attention.
100
Your vehicle has a feature that may automatically
unlock the doors, turn the interior lamps on, and
flash the hazard warning flashers when the airbags
inflate. You can lock the doors again, turn the
interior lamps off, and turn off the hazard warning
flashers by using the controls for those features.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate the
airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle
deformation. Additional windshield breakage may
also occur from the right front passenger airbag.
• Airbags are designed to inflate only once. After
an airbag inflates, you will need some new
parts for your airbag system. If you do not get
them, the airbag system will not be there to help
protect you in another crash. A new system will
include airbag modules and possibly other
parts. The service manual for your vehicle
covers the need to replace other parts.
• Your vehicle has a crash sensing and
diagnostic module which records information
after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Recorders on page 609.
• Let only qualified technicians work on the
airbag system. Improper service can mean that
an airbag system will not work properly. See
your dealer for service.
Passenger Sensing System
Your vehicle has a passenger sensing system.
The passenger airbag status indicator on the
overhead console will be visible when you turn
your ignition key to RUN or START.
United States
Canada
The words ON and OFF or the symbol for on and
off, will be visible during the system check.
When the system check is complete, either the
word ON or the word OFF, or the symbol for on or
the symbol for off will be visible. See Passenger
Airbag Status Indicator on page 246.
The passenger sensing system will turn off the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag under certain
conditions. The driver’s airbags are not part of
the passenger sensing system.
The passenger sensing system works with sensors
that are part of the right front passenger’s seat and
safety belt. The sensors are designed to detect the
presence of a properly-seated occupant and
determine if the passenger’s airbag should be
enabled (may inflate) or not.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if
they are restrained in the rear rather than the front
seat. We recommend that child restraints be
secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a
rear-facing infant seat, a child riding in a
forward-facing child seat, and an older child riding
in a booster seat.
101
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat in the
front.” This is because the risk to the rear-facing
child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can
be seriously injured or killed if the right
front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the
passenger’s frontal airbag if the system
detects a rear-facing child restraint, no
system is fail-safe, and no one can
guarantee that an airbag will not deploy
under some unusual circumstance, even
though it is turned off.
CAUTION:
102
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
We recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbag is off.
If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat,
always move the front passenger seat as
far back as it will go. It is better to secure
the child restraint in a rear seat.
The passenger sensing system is designed to turn
off the right front passenger’s airbag if:
• The right front passenger seat is unoccupied
• The system determines that an infant is
present in a rear-facing infant seat
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a forward-facing child restraint
• The system determines that a small child is
present in a booster seat
• A right front passenger takes his/her weight off
of the seat for a period of time
• The right front passenger seat is occupied by
a smaller person, such as a child who has
outgrown child restraints
• Or, if there is a critical problem with the airbag
system or the passenger sensing system.
When the passenger sensing system has turned
off the passenger’s airbag, the off indicator will light
and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is off.
If a child restraint has been installed and the
on indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the
child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the
child restraint following the child restraint
manufacturer’s directions and refer to Securing a
Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position
on page 85.
If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting
the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to
make sure that the vehicle’s seatback is not
pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If
this happens, slightly recline the vehicle’s
seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible.
Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped
under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens,
adjust the head restraint.
If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the
child restraint in a rear seat position in the
vehicle and check with your dealer.
The passenger sensing system is designed to
enable (may inflate) the right front passenger’s
airbag anytime the system senses that a person of
adult size is sitting properly in the right front
passenger’s seat. When the passenger sensing
system has allowed the airbag to be enabled, the
on indicator will light and stay lit to remind you
that the airbag is active.
For some children who have outgrown child
restraints and for very small adults, the passenger
sensing system may or may not turn off the right
front passenger’s airbag, depending upon the
person’s seating posture and body build. Everyone
in your vehicle who has outgrown child restraints
should wear a safety belt properly — whether or not
there is an airbag for that person.
103
If a person of adult-size is sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat, but the off indicator is lit, it
could be because that person is not sitting properly
in the seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle off
and ask the person to place the seatback in
the fully upright position, then sit upright in the
seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the
person’s legs comfortably extended. Restart the
vehicle and have the person remain in this position
for about two minutes. This will allow the system
to detect that person and then enable the
passenger’s airbag.
104
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light in the
instrument panel cluster ever comes on
and stays on, it means that something
may be wrong with the airbag system. If
this ever happens, have the vehicle
serviced promptly, because an adult-size
person sitting in the right front
passenger’s seat may not have the
protection of the airbag(s). See Airbag
Readiness Light on page 245 for more on
this, including important safety
information.
Aftermarket equipment, such as seat covers, can
affect how well the passenger sensing system
operates. You may want to consider not using seat
covers or other aftermarket equipment. See
Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 107 for more information about
modifications that can affect how the system
operates.
{CAUTION:
Stowing of articles under the passenger’s
seat or between the passenger’s seat
cushion and seatback may interfere with
the proper operation of the passenger
sensing system.
105
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle
Airbags affect how your vehicle should be
serviced. There are parts of the airbag system in
several places around your vehicle. You do
not want the system to inflate while someone is
working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the
service manual have information about servicing
your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a
service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 616.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds, after the ignition is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,
an airbag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are
close to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid
yellow connectors. They are probably part
of the airbag system. Be sure to follow
proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is
qualified to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular
maintenance.
106
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle
Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get
Q: Is there anything I might add to the front
A: Changing or moving any parts of the
or sides of the vehicle that could keep the
airbags from working properly?
A: Yes. If you add things that change your
vehicle’s frame, bumper system, height,
front end or side sheet metal, they may keep
the airbag system from working properly.
Also, the airbag system may not work properly
if you relocate any of the airbag sensors. If
you have any questions about this, you should
contact Customer Assistance before you
modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and
addresses for Customer Assistance are in
Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure in this manual. See Customer
Satisfaction Procedure on page 598.
my vehicle modified. How can I find out
whether this will affect my airbag system?
front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing
and diagnostic module, rollover sensor
module, steering wheel, instrument panel,
overhead console, ceiling headliner, ceiling
and pillar garnish trim, roof-mounted rollover
airbag modules, or airbag wiring can affect the
operation of the airbag system. If you have
questions, call Customer Assistance. The
phone numbers and addresses for Customer
Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure in this manual.
See Customer Satisfaction Procedure on
page 598.
107
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder
light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates,
retractors and anchorages are working properly.
Look for any other loose or damaged safety
belt system parts. If you see anything that might
keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have
it repaired. Keep safety belts clean and dry.
See Care of Safety Belts on page 556 for more
information.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in
a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces.
If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken airbag
covers, and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
108
Notice: If you damage the covering for the
driver’s or the right front passenger’s airbag,
or the side impact airbag covering on the
ceiling near the side windows, the airbag may
not work properly. You may have to replace
the airbag module in the steering wheel, both
the airbag module and the instrument panel
for the right front passenger’s airbag, or
side impact airbag module and ceiling covering
for roof-mounted rollover airbags (if equipped).
Do not open or break the airbag coverings.
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems
in your vehicle. A damaged restraint
system may not properly protect the
person using it, resulting in serious injury
or even death in a crash. To help make sure
your restraint systems are working
properly after a crash, have them inspected
and any necessary replacements made as
soon as possible.
If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or
LATCH system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be
necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they
would be if worn during a more severe crash, then
you need new parts.
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system
parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have
LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or
replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary
even if the belt or LATCH system was not being
used at the time of the collision.
If an airbag inflates, you will need to replace airbag
system parts. See the part on the airbag system
earlier in this section.
If the frontal airbags inflate you will also need to
replace the driver and front passenger’s safety belt
retractor assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new
retractor assembly will be there to help protect you
in a collision.
After a crash you may need to replace the driver
and front passenger’s safety belt retractor
assemblies, even if the frontal airbags have not
deployed. The driver and front passenger’s safety
belt retractor assemblies contain the safety belt
pretensioners. Have your safety belt pretensioners
checked if your vehicle has been in a collision, or if
your airbag readiness light stays on after you start
your vehicle or while you are driving. See Airbag
Readiness Light on page 245.
109
✍ NOTES
110
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ............................................................ 113
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System ........ 114
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation ............................................... 115
Doors and Locks ........................................ 122
Door Locks ................................................ 122
Power Door Locks ..................................... 123
Delayed Locking ........................................ 123
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ........ 123
Rear Door Security Locks ......................... 124
Lockout Protection ..................................... 124
Liftgate/Liftglass ......................................... 125
Power Liftgate ........................................... 127
Power Running Boards .............................. 131
Windows ...................................................... 132
Power Windows ........................................ 133
Sun Visors ................................................ 134
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................. 135
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................. 135
PASS-Key® III+ ......................................... 137
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ......................... 137
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ......... 139
New Vehicle Break-In ................................ 139
Ignition Positions ....................................... 140
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ............. 141
Starting the Engine .................................... 141
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal .......... 143
Engine Coolant Heater .............................. 143
Active Fuel Management™ ........................ 145
Automatic Transmission Operation ............. 145
Tow/Haul Mode ......................................... 149
Four-Wheel Drive ...................................... 150
Parking Brake ........................................... 156
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................. 157
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................. 159
Parking Over Things That Burn ................. 159
Engine Exhaust ......................................... 160
Running the Engine While Parked ............. 161
111
Section 2
Features and Controls
Mirrors ......................................................... 162
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®, Compass and
Temperature Display .............................. 162
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with
Compass and Temperature Display ......... 166
Outside Manual Mirrors ............................. 168
Outside Trailer-Tow Mirrors ....................... 169
Outside Power Mirrors ............................... 170
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors ............... 171
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ............. 172
Outside Curb View Assist Mirrors .............. 172
Outside Convex Mirror ............................... 173
Outside Heated Mirrors ............................. 173
OnStar® System .......................................... 173
112
Universal Home Remote System ................ 177
System Identification .................................. 177
Universal Home Remote System ............... 178
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With One Triangular LED) ....... 178
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED) ....... 182
Storage Areas ............................................. 190
Glove Box ................................................. 190
Cupholder(s) .............................................. 190
Center Console Storage Area .................... 190
Luggage Carrier ........................................ 191
Rear Storage Area .................................... 192
Rear Seat Armrest .................................... 192
Cargo Cover ............................................. 192
Cargo Management System ...................... 194
Sunroof ....................................................... 197
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could be badly
injured or even killed. They could operate
the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The
windows will function with the keys in the
ignition and they could be seriously
injured or killed if caught in the path of a
closing window. Do not leave the keys in
a vehicle with children.
113
Your vehicle has one
double-sided key for the
ignition, all door
locks, and the spare tire
hoist lock, if your
vehicle has one.
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System
Your Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) system
operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules
and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
If you ever lose your keys, your dealer will be able
to assist you with obtaining replacements.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your
vehicle, you may have to damage the vehicle
to get in. Be sure you have spare keys.
If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, call
the GM Roadside Assistance Center. See
Roadside Assistance Program on page 604.
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
114
At times you may notice a decrease in operating
range. This is normal for any RKE system. If
the transmitter does not work or if you have to
stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to
work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from
your vehicle. You may need to stand closer
during rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects
may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps
to the left or right, hold the transmitter
higher, and try again.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement”
under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 115.
• If you are still having trouble, see your
dealer/retailer or a qualified technician
for service.
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation
The vehicle’s doors can be locked and unlocked
from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 65 feet (20 m)
away with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter.
If your vehicle has the remote start feature you can
also start your vehicle with the RKE transmitter. The
RKE transmitter, with the remote start button,
provides an increased operating range of 195 feet
(60 m) away. However, the operating range may be
less while the vehicle is running. As a result, you
may need to be closer to your vehicle to turn it off
than you were to start it.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter. See Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System on page 114.
115
Q (Lock): Press the lock button to lock all the
doors. If enabled through the Driver Information
Center (DIC), the parking lamps will flash once to
indicate locking has occurred. If enabled through
the DIC, the horn will chirp when the lock button is
pressed again within five seconds of the previous
press of the lock button. See DIC Vehicle
Customization (With DIC Buttons) on page 280 for
additional information. Pressing the lock button
may arm the content theft-deterrent system.
See Content Theft-Deterrent on page 135.
With Remote Start and
Liftglass (Without
Remote Start Similar)
With Remote Start and
Power Liftgate and
Liftglass (Without
Remote Start Similar)
The following functions may be available if your
vehicle has the RKE system:
/ (Remote Vehicle Start): If your vehicle has
this feature, it may be started from outside
the vehicle using the RKE transmitter. See
“Remote Vehicle Start” following for more detailed
information.
116
" (Unlock): Press the unlock button to unlock the
driver’s door. If the button is pressed again
within five seconds, all remaining doors will unlock.
The interior lamps will come on and stay on for
20 seconds or until the ignition is turned on.
If enabled through the DIC, the parking lamps will
flash once to indicate unlocking has occurred.
See DIC Vehicle Customization (With DIC Buttons)
on page 280. Pressing the unlock button on the
RKE transmitter will disarm the content
theft-deterrent system. See Content
Theft-Deterrent on page 135.
m (Liftglass): Press and hold this button on
the RKE transmitter to open the liftglass.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
& (Power Liftgate): Press and hold this button
on the RKE transmitter to open and close the
liftgate. The taillamps will flash and a chime will
sound to indicate when the liftgate is opening and
closing.
Each RKE transmitter is coded to prevent another
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a
transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your GM dealer. Remember
to bring any additional transmitters so they
can also be re-coded to match the new transmitter.
Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter,
the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle.
The vehicle can have a maximum of eight
transmitters matched to it. See “Relearn Remote
Key” under DIC Operation and Displays (With DIC
Buttons) on page 261 or DIC Operation and
Displays (Without DIC Buttons) on page 267 for
instructions on how to match RKE transmitters to
your vehicle.
L (Vehicle Locator/Panic Alarm): Press and
release this button to locate your vehicle. The turn
signal lamps will flash and the horn will sound
three times. Press and hold this button for more
than two seconds to activate the panic alarm. The
turn signal lamps will flash and the horn will
sound repeatedly for 30 seconds. The alarm will
turn off when the ignition is moved to RUN or
the alarm button is pressed again. The ignition
must be in OFF for the panic alarm to work.
117
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in the RKE
transmitter should last about four years.
The battery is weak if the transmitter will not work
at the normal range in any location. If you have
to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it is probably time to change the battery.
The REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
message in the vehicle’s DIC will display if the
RKE transmitter battery is low. See “REPLACE
BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY” under DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 270 for additional
information.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care
not to touch any of the circuitry. Static
from your body transferred to these surfaces
may damage the transmitter.
118
To replace the battery in the RKE transmitter do
the following:
1. Insert a flat object with a thin edge into the
notch on the side of the transmitter and
separate the bottom half from the top half.
2. Remove the old battery, but do not use a
metal object to do this.
3. Slide the new battery into the transmitter with
the positive side of the battery facing down.
Use a type CR2032 battery, or equivalent type.
Make sure the cover is on tightly, so water will
not get in.
4. Snap the front and the back of the transmitter
together.
5. Test the operation of the transmitter with the
vehicle.
Remote Vehicle Start
Your vehicle may have a remote starting feature.
This feature allows you to start the engine from
outside of the vehicle. It may also start up the
vehicle’s heating or air conditioning systems and
rear window defogger. Normal operation of the
system will return after the key is turned to the RUN
position.
During a remote start, if your vehicle has an
automatic climate control system, the climate
control system will default to a heating mode during
colder outside temperatures and a cooling mode
during warmer outside temperatures. If your vehicle
does not have an automatic climate control system,
during remote start, the climate control system will
turn on at the setting the vehicle was set to when
the vehicle was last turned off.
During a remote start, if your vehicle has an
automatic climate control system and heated
seats, the heated seats will turn on during colder
outside temperatures and will shut off when
the key is turned to RUN. If your vehicle does not
have an automatic climate control system,
during remote start, you will need to manually turn
the heated seats on and off. See Heated Seats
on page 12 for additional information.
Laws in some communities may restrict the use of
remote starters. For example, some laws may
require a person using the remote start to have the
vehicle in view when doing so. Check local
regulations for any requirements on remote starting
of vehicles.
Do not use the remote start feature if your vehicle
is low on fuel. Your vehicle may run out of fuel.
The RKE transmitter with the remote start button,
provides an increased range of operation. However,
the range may be less while the vehicle is running.
As a result, you may need to be closer to your
vehicle to turn it off, than you were to turn it on.
There are other conditions which can affect the
performance of the transmitter, see Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System on page 114 for
additional information.
119
/ (Remote Start): Press and release the lock
button and then press and hold the remote
start button to start the vehicle.
To start the vehicle using the remote start feature,
do the following:
1. Aim the transmitter at the vehicle.
2. Press and release the transmitter’s lock
button, then immediately press and hold
the transmitter’s remote start button until the
turn signal lights flash. If you cannot see
the vehicle’s lights, press and hold the remote
start button for at least four seconds. The
vehicle’s doors will lock. Pressing the remote
start button again after the vehicle has
started will turn off the ignition.
When the vehicle starts, the parking lamps will
turn on and remain on while the vehicle is
running.
3. If it is the first remote start since the vehicle
has been driven, repeat these steps, while
the engine is still running, to extend the engine
running time by 10 minutes. Remote start
can be extended one time.
After entering the vehicle during a remote start,
insert and turn the key to RUN to drive the vehicle.
120
If the vehicle is left running it will automatically
shut off after 10 minutes unless a time extension
has been done.
To manually shut off a remote start, do any of the
following:
• Aim the RKE transmitter at the vehicle and
press the remote start button until the
parking lamps turn off.
• Turn on the hazard warning flashers.
• Turn the ignition switch on and then off.
The vehicle can be remote started two separate
times between driving sequences. The engine will
run for 10 minutes after each remote start.
Or, you can extend the engine run time by another
10 minutes within the first 10 minute remote
start time frame, and before the engine stops.
For example, if the lock button and then the remote
start buttons are pressed again after the vehicle has
been running for five minutes, 10 minutes are
added, allowing the engine to run for 15 minutes.
The additional ten minutes are considered a
second remote vehicle start.
Once two remote starts, or a single remote start
with one time extension has been done, the
vehicle must be started with the key.
After the key is removed from the ignition, the
vehicle can be remote started again.
The vehicle cannot be remote started if the key is
in the ignition, the hood is not closed, or if
there is an emission control system malfunction.
Also, the engine will turn off during a remote
vehicle start if the coolant temperature gets too
high or if the oil pressure gets low.
Vehicles that have the remote vehicle start feature
are shipped from the factory with the remote
vehicle start system enabled. The system may be
enabled or disabled through the DIC. See
“REMOTE START” under DIC Vehicle
Customization (With DIC Buttons) on page 280 for
additional information. If your vehicle does not
have DIC buttons, see your dealer to enable
or disable the remote vehicle start system.″
Remote Start Ready
If your vehicle does not have the remote vehicle
start feature, it may have the remote start
ready feature. This feature allows your dealer to
add the manufacturer’s remote vehicle start
feature.
If your vehicle has the remote start ready feature,
the RKE transmitter will have an extended
range that allows locking or unlocking of the
vehicle from approximately 197 feet (60 m) away.
See your dealer if you would like to add the
manufacturer’s remote vehicle start feature to your
vehicle.
121
Doors and Locks
CAUTION:
Door Locks
(Continued)
• Young children who get into unlocked
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers, especially children, can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is
locked, the handle will not open it.
You increase the chance of being
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if
the doors are not locked. So, wear
safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
vehicles may be unable to get out. A
child can be overcome by extreme
heat and can suffer permanent injuries
or even death from heat stroke.
Always lock your vehicle whenever
you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down
or stop your vehicle. Locking your
doors can help prevent this from
happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your
vehicle.
From the outside, use the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter or the key in the
driver’s door.
From the inside, use the power door locks or
manual door locks. To lock or unlock the door with
the manual locks, push down or pull up on the
manual lock knob.
122
Power Door Locks
The power door lock switches are located on the
armrest on the front doors.
K (Unlock): Press the side of the switch with the
unlock symbol to unlock the doors.
This feature will not operate if the key is in the
ignition.
You can program this feature using the Driver
Information Center (DIC). See DELAY DOOR
LOCK under DIC Vehicle Customization
(With DIC Buttons) on page 280.
Q (Lock): Press the side of the switch with the
lock symbol to lock the doors.
Programmable Automatic Door
Locks
Delayed Locking
Vehicles with an automatic lock/unlock feature
enable you to program the vehicle’s power
door locks. You can program this feature through
the Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC
Vehicle Customization (With DIC Buttons)
on page 280 for more information on DIC
programming.
When locking the doors with the power lock switch
or the remote keyless entry (RKE) transmitter
and a door or the liftgate is open, the doors will
lock five seconds after the last door is closed. You
will hear three chimes to signal that the delayed
locking feature is in use.
Pressing the power lock switch or the lock button
on the RKE transmitter twice will override the
delayed locking feature and immediately lock all
the doors.
123
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle has rear door security locks. These
prevent passengers from opening the rear
doors from the inside.
The rear door security
locks are located on the
inside edge of each
rear door. You
must open the rear
doors to access them.
The label showing
lock and unlock
positions is located near
the lock.
Security Lock Label
shown
To set the locks, do the following:
1. Insert the key into the security lock slot and
turn it so the slot is in the horizontal position.
2. Close the door.
124
When you want to open a rear door when the
security lock is on, do the following:
1. Unlock the door using the remote keyless
entry transmitter, if the vehicle has one, the
power door lock switch, or by lifting the
rear door manual lock.
2. Open the door from the outside.
To cancel the rear door security lock, do the
following:
1. Unlock the door and open it from the outside.
2. Insert the key into the security lock slot
and turn it so the slot is in the vertical position.
Lockout Protection
This feature protects you from locking the key in
the vehicle when the key is in the ignition and
a front door is open.
If the driver’s side power door lock switch is
pressed when the driver’s door is open and the
key is in the ignition, all of the doors will lock and
then the driver’s door will unlock.
If the passenger’s side power door lock switch is
pressed when the front passenger’s door is
open and the key is in the ignition, all of the doors
will lock and then the front passenger’s door
will unlock.
Liftgate/Liftglass
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the
liftglass or liftgate open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into your
vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO. It
can cause unconsciousness and even
death.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If you must drive with the liftglass or
liftgate open, or if electrical wiring or
other cable connections must pass
through the seal between the body and
the liftglass or liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest speed
with the recirculation mode off. That
will force outside air into your vehicle.
See Climate Control System on
page 227 or Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 231.
• If you have air outlets on or under
the instrument panel, open them all
the way.
• If your vehicle has a power liftgate,
disable the power liftgate function.
See Engine Exhaust on page 160.
If your vehicle has a power liftgate, see Power
Liftgate on page 127.
125
To unlock the liftgate, use the power door lock
switch or press the door unlock button on
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter twice.
See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 115.
To open the entire liftgate, press the touchpad on
the underside of the liftgate handle (B). The
vehicle must be in PARK (P) to open the liftgate.
To close the liftgate, use the pull cup or pull
strap as an aid.
The liftgate or liftglass cannot be opened if the
rear wipers are in motion. Attempting to open the
liftgate or liftglass while the rear wipers are in
motion will cause the release of the liftglass
or liftgate to delay until the wipers are moved off
the liftglass.
Both the liftglass and liftgate have an electric
latch. If the battery is disconnected or has
low voltage, the liftglass and liftgate will not open.
The liftglass and liftgate will resume operation
when the battery is reconnected and charged.
To open the liftglass, press the button on the
underside of the license pocket applique (A). The
liftglass can also be opened by pressing the
liftglass release button on the RKE.
126
If the battery is properly connected and has
adequate voltage, and the liftgate or liftglass still
will not function, your vehicle should be taken to a
dealership for service.
Power Liftgate
Your vehicle may have a power liftgate. The
vehicle must be in PARK (P) to power open or
close the liftgate.
The liftgate must be completely closed to power
open or completely open to power close.
The taillamps will flash and a chime will sound at
the beginning of each power operation cycle.
To open and close the liftgate, press and hold the
power liftgate button on the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter until the liftgate starts
moving. Press the RKE button a second
time during liftgate operation to reverse that
operation. See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 115 for more
information.
The liftgate can also be
opened and closed by
pressing the power
liftgate button on
the overhead console.
Press the button a
second time during
liftgate operation
to reverse that
operation.
{CAUTION:
You or others could be injured if caught in
the path of the power liftgate. Make sure
there is no one in the way of the liftgate
as it is opening and closing.
Notice: If you open the liftgate without
checking for overhead obstructions such as a
garage door, you could break the liftgate or
the liftgate glass. Always check to make sure
the area above the liftgate is clear before
opening it.
Power Liftgate Button
on Overhead Console
The liftgate can be power opened by pressing the
touchpad switch on the liftgate handle. Press
the button a second time during liftgate operation
to reverse that operation.
127
If you shift the transmission out of PARK (P) while
the power function is in progress, the liftgate
power function will continue to completion. If you
shift the transmission out of PARK (P) and
accelerate before the power liftgate latches closed,
the liftgate may reverse to the open position.
Cargo could fall out of the vehicle. Always make
sure the power liftgate is closed and latched before
you drive away.
Power Liftgate Button Near Liftgate Latch
The liftgate can be power closed by pressing the
power liftgate button next to the liftgate latch.
Press the button a second time during liftgate
operation to reverse that operation.
The power liftgate my be temporarily disabled
under extreme high or low temperatures. If
this occurs, the liftgate can still be operated
manually. The power liftgate may not operate
under low battery conditions.
128
If you power open the liftgate and the liftgate
support struts have lost pressure, the lights will
flash and a chime will sound. The liftgate will hold
open temporarily, then slowly close. See your
dealer for service before using the liftgate.
Obstacle Detection Features
If the liftgate encounters an obstacle during a
power open or close cycle, a warning chime will
sound and the liftgate will automatically reverse
direction to the full closed or open position.
After removing the obstruction, the liftgate may be
power opened or closed normally. If the liftgate
encounters multiple obstacles on the same power
cycle, the power function will deactivate, and
the liftgate will switch to manual operation. The
REAR ACCESS OPEN warning message in
the Driver Information Center (DIC) will indicate
that the liftgate is open. After removing the
obstructions, manually open the liftgate to the full
open position or close the liftgate to the fully
closed and latched position. The liftgate will now
resume normal power operation.
Your vehicle has pinch sensors located on the
side edges of the liftgate. If an object is caught
between the liftgate and the body and presses
against this sensor, the liftgate will reverse
direction and open fully. The liftgate will remain
open until it is activated again or closed manually.
Manual Operation of Power Liftgate
To change the liftgate to
manual operation,
toggle the switch on the
overhead console to
the “Disable” position
indicated by a circle.
With the power liftgate disabled and the door
unlocked, the power liftgate can be manually
opened and closed.
To open the liftgate, press the touchpad on the
handle on the outside of the liftgate, and lift
the gate open. To close the liftgate, use the pull
cup or pull strap to lower the liftgate and close.
The liftgate latch will power cinch to closed
position. Always close the liftgate before driving.
If the RKE button or the power close button on the
liftgate is pressed while power operation is
disabled, the lights will flash three times, but the
liftgate will not move.
129
It is not recommended that you drive with the
liftgate open, however, if you must drive with the
liftgate open, the power liftgate should be switched
to manual liftgate operation — the overhead
console switch set to the “Disable” position.
Both the liftglass and liftgate have an electric latch.
If the battery is disconnected or has low voltage,
the liftglass and liftgate will not open. The
liftglass and liftgate will resume operation when
the battery is reconnected and charged.
If the battery is properly connected and has
adequate voltage, and the liftgate or liftglass still
will not function, your vehicle should be taken to a
dealership for service.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the
liftglass or liftgate open because carbon
monoxide (CO) gas can come into your
vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO. It can
cause unconsciousness and even death.
CAUTION:
130
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If you must drive with the liftglass or
liftgate open, or if electrical wiring or
other cable connections must pass
through the seal between the body and
the liftglass or liftgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or
cooling system to its highest speed
with the recirculation mode off. That
will force outside air into your vehicle.
See Climate Control System on
page 227 or Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 231.
• If you have air outlets on or under
the instrument panel, open them all
the way.
• If your vehicle has a power liftgate,
disable the power liftgate function.
See Engine Exhaust on page 160.
Power Running Boards
Your vehicle may have power running boards.
The power running boards automatically extend
from beneath the vehicle on the side in which the
door has been opened. Once the door is closed,
the running boards will automatically move
back under the vehicle. The vehicle must not be
moving for the running boards to extend or retract.
The switch used to
disable the power
running boards is
located on the center
console below the
climate control system.
The running boards cannot be disabled in the
extended position.
131
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome by the
extreme heat and suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke.
Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a
pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the
windows closed in warm or hot weather.
132
Power Windows
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets
in a vehicle with the windows closed is
dangerous. They can be overcome from
extreme heat in warm or hot weather and
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke.
Leaving children in a vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many
reasons, children or others could be badly
injured or even killed. They could operate
the power windows or other controls or
even make the vehicle move. The
windows will function with the keys in the
ignition and they could be seriously
injured or killed if caught in the path of a
closing window. Do not leave keys in a
vehicle with children.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
When there are children in the rear seat
use the window lockout button to prevent
unintentional operation of the windows.
The power window
controls are located on
each of the side doors.
Driver’s Side shown
(Continued)
133
The driver’s door also has switches that control
the passenger and rear windows. The power
windows work when the ignition has been turned
to ACCESSORY or RUN or when Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) is active. See Retained
Accessory Power (RAP) on page 141.
Press the switch to lower the window.
Pull up on the front edge of the switch to raise the
window.
Express-Down Windows
The driver and front passenger windows have an
express-down feature that allows the windows
to be lowered without holding the switch. Press
down fully on the window switch, then release, to
activate the express-down mode. The
express-down mode can be canceled at any time
by pulling up on the front edge of the switch.
Window Lockout
o (Window Lockout): The window lockout
switch is located with the power window switches
on the driver’s door armrest. This feature
prevents the rear passenger windows from
operating, except from the driver’s position. Press
the switch to turn the lockout feature on or off.
An indicator light will come on to show the lockout
feature is on.
Sun Visors
Pull the sun visor down to block glare. Detach the
sun visor from the center mount and slide it
along the rod from side-to-side to cover the driver
or passenger side of the front window. Swing
the sun visor to the side to cover the side window.
It can be moved along the rod from side-to-side
in this position also.
Lighted Visor Vanity Mirror
Your vehicle may have lighted visor vanity mirrors
on both the driver’s and passenger’s sun visors.
Pull the sun visor down and lift the mirror cover to
turn the lamps on.
134
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some
cities. Although your vehicle has a number of
theft-deterrent features, we know that nothing we
put on it can make it impossible to steal.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle may have a content theft-deterrent
alarm system.
To activate the theft-deterrent system, do the
following:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) transmitter. The security light should
come on and flash. The door does not need to
be open.
If the delayed locking feature is active, the
alarm will not be activated until all doors are
closed and the security light goes off.
3. Close all doors. The security light will stop
flashing and go off after approximately
30 seconds. The content theft deterrent alarm
is not armed until the security light goes off.
If a door is opened without using the RKE
transmitter, a ten second pre-alarm will occur. The
horn will chirp and the lights will flash. If the key
is not placed in the ignition and turned to
START or the door is not unlocked by pressing
the unlock button on the RKE transmitter
during the ten second pre-alarm, the alarm will go
off. Your vehicle’s headlamps will flash and the
horn will sound for about two minutes, then
will turn off to save the battery power.
135
The theft-deterrent system will not activate if you
lock the doors with a key, the manual door lock, or
the power door lock switch. It activates only if you
use the RKE transmitter. You should also
remember that you can start your vehicle with the
correct ignition key if the alarm has been set off.
Here is how to avoid setting off the alarm by
accident:
• If you do not want to activate the
theft-deterrent system, the vehicle should be
locked with the door key after the doors
are closed.
• Always unlock a door with the RKE transmitter.
Unlocking a door any other way will set off the
alarm if the system has been armed.
If you set off the alarm by accident, turn off the
alarm by pressing unlock on the RKE transmitter or
by placing the key in the ignition and turning it
to START.
136
Testing the Alarm
The alarm can be tested by following these steps:
1. From inside the vehicle, lower the driver’s
window and open the driver’s door.
2. Activate the system by locking the doors with
the RKE transmitter.
3. Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait
for the security light to go out.
4. Then reach in through the window, unlock the
door with the manual door lock and open the
door. This should set off the alarm.
If the alarm does not sound when it should, but
the vehicle’s headlamps flash, check to see if the
horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To
replace the fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers
on page 564.
If the alarm does not sound or the vehicle’s
headlamps do not flash, see your dealer for
service.
PASS-Key® III+
The PASS-Key® III+ system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry
Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III+ uses a radio frequency
transponder in the key that matches a decoder in
your vehicle.
PASS-Key® III+ Operation
Your vehicle has PASS-Key® III+ (Personalized
Automotive Security System) theft-deterrent
system. PASS-Key® III+ is a passive
theft-deterrent system. This means you do not
have to do anything special to arm or disarm the
system. It works when you transition the key
to RUN, ACCESSORY or START from the OFF
position.
When the PASS-Key® III+ system senses that
someone is using the wrong key, it prevents the
vehicle from starting. Anyone using a
trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of
electrical key codes.
If the engine does not start and the security light
on the instrument panel cluster comes on
when trying to start the vehicle, the key may have
a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition off
and try again.
137
If the engine still does not start, and the key
appears to be undamaged, try another ignition
key. At this time, you may also want to check the
fuse, see Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 564. If the engine still does not start with the
other key, your vehicle needs service. If your
vehicle does start, the first key may be faulty. See
your dealer who can service the PASS-Key® III+
to have a new key made. In an emergency,
contact Roadside Assistance.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III+ decoder to
learn the transponder value of a new or
replacement key. Up to nine additional keys may
be programmed for the vehicle. The following
procedure is for programming additional keys only.
If all the currently programmed keys are lost or
do not operate, you must see your dealer or
a locksmith who can service PASS-Key® III+ to
have keys made and programmed to the system.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to get a new key blank that is cut
exactly as the ignition key that operates the
system.
To program the new additional key do the
following:
1. Verify that the new key has a 1 stamped on it.
2. Insert the original, already programmed, key
in the ignition and start the engine. If the
engine will not start, see your dealer
for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to
OFF, and remove the key.
4. Insert the new key to be programmed and turn
it to the RUN position within five seconds of
removing the original key.
5. The security light will turn off once the key
has been programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 5 if additional keys
are to be programmed.
If you are driving and the security light comes on
and stays on, you may be able to restart your
engine. Your PASS-Key® III+ system, however,
may not be working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer.
If you lose or damage your PASS-Key® III+ key,
see your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III+ to have a new key made.
138
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an
elaborate break-in. But it will perform better in
the long run if you follow these guidelines:
• Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h)
or less for the first 500 miles (805 km).
• Do not drive at any one constant speed,
fast or slow, for the first 500 miles
(805 km). Do not make full-throttle starts.
Avoid downshifting to brake, or slow,
the vehicle.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
your new brake linings are not yet
broken in. Hard stops with new linings can
mean premature wear and earlier
replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See
Towing a Trailer on page 422 for the
trailer towing capabilities of your vehicle
and more information.
Following break-in, engine speed and load can
be gradually increased.
139
Ignition Positions
Use the key to turn the ignition switch to four
different positions.
A (LOCK): This position locks the ignition and
transmission. It is a theft-deterrent feature. You will
only be able to remove the key when the ignition is
turned to LOCK.
Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the
ignition switch could cause damage or break
the key. Use the correct key and turn the key
only with your hand. Make sure the key is all the
way in. If it is, turn the steering wheel left and
right while you turn the key hard. If none of this
works, then your vehicle needs service.
B (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers when
the engine is off.
Lengthy operation of features such as the radio in
the ACCESSORY ignition position and the RUN
position may drain the battery and prevent your
vehicle from starting. Do not operate your vehicle in
the ACCESSORY ignition position for a long period
of time.
C (RUN): This is the position for driving. It is the
position the switch returns to after the engine starts,
and you release the key.
The battery could be drained if you leave the key in
the ACCESSORY or RUN position with the engine
off. You may not be able to start your vehicle if the
battery is allowed to drain for an extended period
of time.
D (START): This position starts the engine.
140
Key In the Ignition
Starting the Engine
Never leave your vehicle with the keys inside, as it
is an easy target for joy riders or thieves. If you
leave the key in the ignition and park your vehicle, a
chime will sound, when you open the driver’s door.
Always remember to remove your key from the
ignition and take it with you. This will lock your
ignition and transmission. Also, always remember
to lock the doors.
The battery could be drained if you leave the key in
the ignition while your vehicle is parked. You may
not be able to start your vehicle after it has been
parked for an extended period of time.
To place the transmission in the proper gear:
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). Your engine will not start in
any other position -- this is a safety feature. To
restart when you are already moving, use
NEUTRAL (N) only.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
Your vehicle has a Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) feature which will allow certain features on
your vehicle to continue to work up to 10 minutes
after the ignition key is turned to LOCK.
The radio, power windows, and if the vehicle has a
sunroof and the OnStar® System, will work when
the ignition key is in RUN or ACCESSORY. Once
the key is turned from RUN to LOCK, the windows
and sunroof will continue to work until a door is
opened. The radio will continue to work for up to
10 minutes or until the driver’s door is opened.
Starting Procedure
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn
the ignition key to START. When the engine
starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go
down as your engine gets warm. Do not
race the engine immediately after starting it.
Operate the engine and transmission gently to
allow the oil to warm up and lubricate all
moving parts.
Your vehicle has a Computer-Controlled
Cranking System. This feature assists
in starting the engine and protects
components. If the ignition key is turned to the
START position, and then released when
the engine begins cranking, the engine
will continue cranking for a few seconds or
until the vehicle starts.
141
If the engine does not start and the key is
held in START for many seconds, cranking will
be stopped after 15 seconds to prevent
cranking motor damage. To prevent gear
damage, this system also prevents cranking if
the engine is already running. Engine
cranking can be stopped by turning the ignition
switch to the ACCESSORY or LOCK
position.
Notice: Cranking the engine for long periods
of time, by returning the key to the START
position immediately after cranking has ended,
can overheat and damage the cranking
motor, and drain the battery. Wait at least
15 seconds between each try, to allow
the cranking motor to cool down.
142
2. If the engine does not start after 5-10 seconds,
especially in very cold weather (below 0°F or
−18°C), it could be flooded with too much
gasoline. Try pushing the accelerator pedal all
the way to the floor and holding it there as
you hold the key in START for up to a
maximum of 15 seconds. Wait at least
15 seconds between each try, to allow the
cranking motor to cool down. When the engine
starts, let go of the key and accelerator. If
the vehicle starts briefly but then stops again,
do the same thing. This clears the extra
gasoline from the engine. Do not race the
engine immediately after starting it. Operate
the engine and transmission gently until the oil
warms up and lubricates all moving parts.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with
the electronics in your vehicle. If you add
electrical parts or accessories, you could
change the way the engine operates. Before
adding electrical equipment, check with your
dealer. If you do not, your engine might not
perform properly. Any resulting damage would
not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty.
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal
If your vehicle has this feature, you can change
the position of the throttle and brake pedals.
This feature is designed for shorter drivers, since
the pedals cannot move farther away from the
standard position, but can move toward the driver
for better pedal reach.
The switch used to
adjust the pedals is
located on the
instrument panel below
the climate control
system.
Press the arrow at the bottom of the switch to
move the pedals closer to your body. Press
the arrow at the top of the switch to move the
pedals away from your body.
No adjustment to the pedals can be made when
the vehicle is in REVERSE (R) or while using
the cruise control.
Your vehicle may have a memory function which
allows pedal settings to be saved and recalled.
See Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13
for more information.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder,
the engine coolant heater can help. You will get
easier starting and better fuel economy during
engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your
vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of
the coolant heater is not required. Your vehicle
may also have an internal thermostat in the
plug end of the cord. This will prevent operation of
the engine coolant heater when the temperature
is at or above 0°F (−18°C) as noted on the cord.
143
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical
cord. The cord is located on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment, near
the power steering fluid reservoir.
3. Plug the cord into a normal, grounded
110-volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded
outlet could cause an electrical shock.
Also, the wrong kind of extension cord
could overheat and cause a fire. You
could be seriously injured. Plug the cord
into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will not
reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
144
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it
away from moving engine parts. If you do
not, it could be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater
plugged in? The answer depends on the outside
temperature, the kind of oil you have, and
some other things. Instead of trying to list
everything here, we ask that you contact your
dealer in the area where you will be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best
advice for that particular area.
Active Fuel Management™
Automatic Transmission Operation
Your vehicle’s V8 engine may have Active Fuel
Management™. This system allows the engine to
operate on either all or half of its cylinders,
depending on the driving conditions.
There are several different positions for the
shift lever.
When less power is required, such as cruising at a
constant vehicle speed, the system will operate
in the half cylinder mode, allowing your vehicle to
achieve better fuel economy. When greater
power demands are required, such as accelerating
from a stop, passing, or merging onto a freeway,
the system will maintain full-cylinder operation.
Your vehicle has an Active Fuel Management™
indicator. For more information on using this
display see DIC Operation and Displays (With DIC
Buttons) on page 261 or DIC Operation and
Displays (Without DIC Buttons) on page 267.
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission with
an electronic shift position indicator within the
instrument panel cluster. This display will show the
position anytime the shift lever is moved out of
PARK (P).
145
PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels. It
is the best position to use when you start your
engine because your vehicle cannot move easily.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll.
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have
left the engine running, the vehicle can
move suddenly. You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle will not
move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, always set your parking brake
and move the shift lever to PARK (P). See
Shifting Into Park (P) on page 157. If you
are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer
on page 422.
146
{CAUTION:
If you have four-wheel drive, your vehicle
will be free to roll — even if your shift
lever is in PARK (P) — if your transfer
case is in NEUTRAL. So, be sure the
transfer case is in a drive gear, two-wheel
high, four-wheel high or four-wheel
low — not in NEUTRAL. See Shifting Into
Park (P) on page 157.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your
vehicle is moving forward could damage the
transmission. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Shift to REVERSE (R) only
after your vehicle is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of
snow, ice, or sand without damaging your
transmission, see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 404.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does
not connect with the wheels. To restart when
you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your two-wheel
drive vehicle is being towed.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your
engine is running at high speed is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on
the brake pedal, your vehicle could move
very rapidly. You could lose control and
hit people or objects. Do not shift into a
drive gear while your engine is running at
high speed.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) with the engine running at high
speed may damage the transmission. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not running at high
speed when shifting your vehicle.
DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. It
provides the best fuel economy for your vehicle. If
you need more power for passing, and you are:
• Going less than about 35 mph (56 km/h), push
your accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push
the accelerator all the way down.
DRIVE (D) can be used when towing a trailer,
carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills or for
off-road driving. You may want to shift the
transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower
gear selection if the transmission shifts too often.
Downshifting the transmission in slippery road
conditions could result in skidding, see “Skidding”
under Loss of Control on page 371
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving. However, it reduces vehicle speed
more than DRIVE (D) without using your brakes.
You can use THIRD (3) on hills. It can help control
your speed as you go down steep mountain
roads, but then you would also want to use your
brakes off and on.
147
SECOND (2): This position reduces vehicle speed
even more than THIRD (3) without using your
brakes. You can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can
help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to
use your brakes off and on.
If you select SECOND (2) and the Tow/Haul has
not been selected, the transmission will drive
in SECOND (2) gear. You may use this feature for
reducing the speed of the rear wheels when
you are trying to start your vehicle from a stop on
slippery road surfaces.
If you select SECOND (2) and the Tow/Haul has
also been selected, the transmission operation will
be limited to FIRST (1) and SECOND (2) gears.
You may use this feature for reducing the speed of
the rear wheels when you are trying to start
your vehicle from a stop on slippery road surfaces.
FIRST (1): This position reduces vehicle speed
even more than SECOND (2) without using
your brakes. You can use it on very steep hills, or
in deep snow or mud. If the shift lever is put in
FIRST (1) while the vehicle is moving forward, the
transmission will not shift into first gear until the
vehicle is going slowly enough.
148
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the
vehicle in one place on a hill using only the
accelerator pedal may damage the
transmission. The repair will not be covered by
your warranty. If you are stuck, do not spin
the tires. When stopping on a hill, use the
brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
When temperatures are very cold, the
Hydra-Matic® Automatic Transmission’s gear
shifting may be delayed providing more stable
shifts until the engine warms up. Shifts may
be more noticeable with a cold transmission. This
difference in shifting is normal.
The transmission torque converter clutch operation
is restricted during cold operation. When the
startup transmission temperature is approximately
64°F (18°C) your torque converter clutch will
temporarily not operate. Once the transmission
temperature rises above 68°F (20°C), normal
operation will resume.
Tow/Haul Mode
When Tow/Haul mode
is selected the Tow/Haul
indicator light will
come on.
The Tow/Haul mode works with the Autoride®
feature, if the vehicle has this, to enhance the ride
when trailering or with a loaded vehicle. See
Autoride® on page 422.
Your vehicle has a Tow/Haul mode. The selector
button is located on the end of the column
shift lever. You can use this feature to assist when
towing or hauling a heavy load or if there is a
need to charge a battery installed in a trailer. See
Towing a Trailer on page 422 for more
information.
149
Four-Wheel Drive
If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, you can send
your engine’s driving power to all four wheels
for extra traction. Read the part that follows before
using four-wheel drive.
Automatic Transfer Case
The transfer case knob
is located to the left of
the instrument panel
cluster.
Notice: Driving on clean, dry pavement in
Four-Wheel-Drive High or Four-Wheel-Drive
Low for an extended period of time may cause
premature wear on your vehicle’s powertrain.
Do not drive on clean, dry pavement in
Four-Wheel-Drive High or Four-Wheel-Drive
Low for extended periods of time.
While driving on clean dry pavement and during
tight turns, you may experience a vibration in
the steering system.
Your vehicle has Four Wheel Drive with
StabiliTrak®. For information on StabiliTrak®, see
StabiliTrak® System on page 363.
Front Axle Locking Feature
Use this dial to shift into and out of four-wheel
drive.
The front axle locks and unlocks automatically
when you shift the transfer case. Some delay for
the axle to lock or unlock is normal.
150
You can choose among five driving settings:
Indicator lights in the switches show you which
setting you are in. The indicator lights will come on
briefly when you turn on the ignition and the last
chosen setting will stay on. If the lights do not
come on, you should take your vehicle in for
service. An indicator light will flash while shifting.
Fast flashing means the conditions were not
met to make the desired shift, typically the vehicle
was going too fast, the automatic transmission
was not in neutral, or the clutch pedal was not fully
pressed. Slow flashing means the shift is in
progress. It will stay on when the shift is
completed. If for some reason the transfer case
cannot make a requested shift, it will return to the
last chosen setting.
AUTO (Automatic Four-Wheel Drive): This
setting is ideal for use when road surface traction
conditions are variable. When driving your
vehicle in AUTO, the front axle is engaged, but
the vehicle’s power is primarily sent to the
rear wheels. When the vehicle’s software
determines a need for more traction, the system
will transfer more power to the front wheels.
Driving in this mode results in slightly lower fuel
economy than Two-Wheel Drive High.
4 m (Four-Wheel Drive High): Use the
four-wheel high position when you need extra
traction, such as on snowy or icy roads or in most
off-road situations. This setting also engages
your front axle to help drive your vehicle. This is
the best setting to use when plowing snow.
2 m (Two-Wheel Drive High): This setting is
used for driving in most street and highway
situations. Your front axle is not engaged in
two-wheel drive. This setting also provides the best
fuel economy.
151
4 n (Four-Wheel Drive Low): This setting also
engages your front axle and delivers extra
torque. You may never need this setting. It sends
maximum power to all four wheels. You might
choose Four-Wheel Drive Low if you are driving
off-road in deep sand, deep mud, deep snow, and
while climbing or descending steep hills.
StabiliTrak® will not engage in this mode. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 363 for more
information.
{CAUTION:
Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL
can cause your vehicle to roll even if the
transmission is in PARK (P). You or
someone else could be seriously injured.
Be sure to set the parking brake before
placing the transfer case in NEUTRAL.
See Parking Brake on page 156.
152
NEUTRAL (N): Shift the vehicle’s transfer case to
NEUTRAL only when towing your vehicle. See
Recreational Vehicle Towing on page 418 or
Towing Your Vehicle on page 417 for more
information.
If the SERVICE 4 WHEEL DRIVE message stays
on, you should take your vehicle to your dealer
for service. See “SERVICE 4 WHEEL DRIVE
message” under DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 270.
Shifting Into Four-Wheel Drive High or
AUTO (Automatic Four-Wheel Drive)
Turn the knob to the Four-Wheel High or AUTO
position. This can be done at any speed,
except when shifting from Four-Wheel Drive Low.
The indicator light will flash while shifting. It will
remain on when the shift is completed.
Shifting Into Two-Wheel Drive High
Turn the knob to the Two-Wheel High position.
This can be done at any speed, except when
shifting from Four-Wheel Drive Low.
See shifting out of Four-Wheel Drive Low later in
this section for more information.
Shifting Into Four-Wheel Drive Low
When Four-Wheel Low is engaged, vehicle speed
should be kept below 45 mph. Extended
high-speed operation in 4L may damage or
shorten the life of the drivetrain.
To shift to the Four-Wheel Drive Low position, the
ignition must be in RUN and the vehicle must
be stopped or moving less than 3 mph (5 km/h)
with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N). The
preferred method for shifting into Four-Wheel Drive
Low is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph
(1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Turn the knob to the Four-Wheel
Drive Low position. You must wait for the
Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light to stop
flashing and remain on before shifting your
transmission in gear.
Notice: Shifting the transmission into gear
before the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light
has stopped flashing could damage the
transfer case. To help avoid damaging your
vehicle, always wait for the Four-Wheel
Drive Low indicator light to stop flashing
before shifting the transmission into gear.
The vehicle may have significant engagement noise
and bump when shifting between Four-Wheel Drive
Low and Four-Wheel Drive High ranges or from
NEUTRAL while the engine is running.
If the knob is turned to the Four-Wheel Drive Low
position when your vehicle is in gear and/or
moving, the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light
will flash for 30 seconds and not complete the
shift unless your vehicle is moving less than 3 mph
(5 km/h) and the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N).
After 30 seconds the transfer case will shift to
Four-Wheel Drive High mode.
153
Shifting Out of Four-Wheel Drive Low
To shift from Four-Wheel Drive Low to Four-Wheel
Drive High, AUTO, or Two-Wheel Drive High, your
vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 3 mph
(5 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N) and
the ignition in RUN. The preferred method for
shifting out of Four-Wheel Drive Low is to have your
vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Turn
the knob to the Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO, or
Two-Wheel Drive High position. You must wait for
the Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO, or Two-Wheel
Drive High indicator light to stop flashing and
remain on before shifting your transmission
into gear.
Notice: Shifting the transmission into gear
before the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light
has stopped flashing could damage the
transfer case. To help avoid damaging your
vehicle, always wait for the Four-Wheel
Drive Low indicator light to stop flashing
before shifting the transmission into gear.
The vehicle may have significant engagement
noise and bump when shifting between
Four-Wheel Drive Low and Four-Wheel Drive High
ranges or from NEUTRAL while the engine is
running.
154
If the knob is turned to the Four-Wheel Drive High,
AUTO, or Two-Wheel Drive High switch position
when your vehicle is in gear and/or moving,
the Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO or Two-Wheel
Drive High indicator light will flash for 30 seconds
but will not complete the shift unless your
vehicle is moving less than 3 mph (5 km/h) and
the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N).
Shifting into NEUTRAL
To shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL do the
following:
1. Make sure the vehicle is parked so that it will
not roll.
2. Set the parking brake and apply the regular
brake pedal. See Parking Brake on page 156
for more information.
3. Start the vehicle or turn the ignition to RUN.
4. Put the transmission in NEUTRAL (N).
5. Shift the transfer case to Two-Wheel
Drive High.
6. Turn the transfer case dial clockwise to
NEUTRAL till it stops and hold it for
10 seconds. Then slowly release the dial to
the four low position. The NEUTRAL light will
come on when the transfer case shift to
NEUTRAL is complete.
7. If the engine is running, verify that the
transmission is in NEUTRAL (N) by shifting the
transmission to REVERSE (R) for one second,
then shift the transmission to DRIVE (D) for
one second.
8. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY, which will
turn the engine off.
9. Place the transmission shift lever in PARK (P).
10. Release the parking brake prior to moving
the vehicle.
11. Turn the ignition to LOCK.
Shifting Out of NEUTRAL
To shift out of NEUTRAL do the following:
1. Set the parking brake and apply the regular
brake pedal.
2. Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N) and
turn the ignition to RUN with the engine off.
3. Turn the transfer case dial to the desired
transfer case shift position (Two-Wheel
Drive High, Four-Wheel Drive High, AUTO).
After the transfer case has shifted out of
NEUTRAL the NEUTRAL light will go out.
4. Release the parking brake prior to moving the
vehicle.
Notice: Shifting the transmission into gear
before the Four-Wheel Drive Low indicator light
has stopped flashing could damage the
transfer case. To help avoid damaging your
vehicle, always wait for the Four-Wheel
Drive Low indicator light to stop flashing
before shifting the transmission into gear.
5. Start the engine and shift the transmission to
the desired position.
Excessively shifting the transfer case into or out of
the different modes may cause the transfer
case to enter the shift protection mode. This will
protect the transfer case from possible damage
and will only allow the transfer case to respond to
one shift per 10 seconds. The transfer case
may stay in this mode for up to three minutes.
155
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot. Push down
the parking brake pedal with your left foot.
A chime will activate and the warning light will
flash when the parking brake is applied and
the vehicle is moving at least 5 mph (8 km/h).
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down. Pull the bottom edge of the lever,
located above the parking brake pedal, with the
parking brake symbol, to release the parking brake.
If the ignition is on when the parking brake is
released, the brake system warning light will
go off.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause
premature wear or damage to brake system
parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully
released and the brake warning light is
off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any
hill, see Towing a Trailer on page 422.
156
Shifting Into Park (P)
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
Your vehicle can roll. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, use
the steps that follow. With four-wheel drive,
if your transfer case is in NEUTRAL, your
vehicle will be free to roll, even if your shift
lever is in PARK (P). So, be sure the
transfer case is in a drive gear — not in
NEUTRAL. If you are pulling a trailer, see
Towing a Trailer on page 422.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot
and set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position by pulling the shift lever toward
you and moving it up as far as it will go.
3. Be sure the transfer case is in a drive
gear — not in NEUTRAL (N).
4. Turn the ignition key to LOCK.
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you
can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in
your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
157
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle
with the engine running. Your vehicle
could move suddenly if the shift lever is
not fully in PARK (P) with the parking
brake firmly set.
If you have four-wheel drive and your
transfer case is in NEUTRAL, your vehicle
will be free to roll, even if your shift lever
is in PARK (P). So be sure the transfer
case is in a drive gear — not in NEUTRAL.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the
engine running, it could overheat and
even catch fire. You or others could be
injured. Do not leave your vehicle with the
engine running unless you have to.
158
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P)
and the parking brake is firmly set before
you leave it. After you move the shift lever into
PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down.
Then, see if you can move the shift lever away
from PARK (P) without first pulling it toward you. If
you can, it means that the shift lever was not
fully locked into PARK (P).
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift
your transmission into PARK (P) properly,
the weight of the vehicle may put too much force
on the parking pawl in the transmission. You
may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out
of PARK (P). This is called torque lock. To prevent
torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into
Park (P) on page 157.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever
out of PARK (P) before you release the parking
brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to
take some of the pressure from the parking pawl
in the transmission, then you will be able to
pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
Parking Over Things That Burn
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift
lock control system which locks the shift lever
in PARK (P) when the ignition is in the LOCK. You
have to fully apply your regular brakes before
you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is
in RUN. See Automatic Transmission Operation on
page 145.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure
on the shift lever and push the shift lever all the
way up into PARK (P) as you maintain brake
application. Move the shift lever into another gear.
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot
exhaust parts under your vehicle and
ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves, dry
grass, or other things that can burn.
159
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
• Your vehicle was damaged when
{CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the
gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you
cannot see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• The exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a
collision.
CAUTION:
160
(Continued)
(Continued)
driving over high points on the road
or over road debris.
• Repairs were not done correctly.
• Your vehicle or the exhaust system
has been modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows
down to blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running the Engine While Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust
into your vehicle. See the earlier caution
under Engine Exhaust on page 160.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let
deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your
vehicle even if the climate control fan is at
the highest setting. One place this can
happen is a garage. Exhaust — with
CO — can come in easily. NEVER park in
a garage with the engine running.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave
your vehicle when the engine is running
unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move,
even when you are on fairly level ground,
always set the parking brake and move
the shift lever to PARK (P).
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
See Winter Driving on page 400.
161
Mirrors
{CAUTION:
Four-wheel drive vehicles with the transfer
case in NEUTRAL will allow the vehicle to
roll, even if the shift lever is in PARK (P).
So, be sure the transfer case is in a drive
gear — not in NEUTRAL. Always set the
parking brake.
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle
will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 157.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 422.
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with OnStar®, Compass and
Temperature Display
Your vehicle may have this feature. When on, the
automatic dimming mirror dims to the proper level
to minimize glare from lights behind you after dark.
The mirror has a dual display in the upper right
corner of the mirror face that shows the compass
reading and the outside temperature.
Control buttons for the OnStar® system are at the
bottom of the mirror. See OnStar® System on
page 173 for more information about the services
OnStar® provides.
P (On/Off): This is the on/off button.
162
Temperature and Compass Display
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
Press the on/off button, located to the far
left, briefly to turn the compass/temperature
display on or off.
The automatic dimming mirror function is turned on
automatically each time the ignition is started.
To operate the automatic dimming mirror, do the
following:
If the display reads CAL, the compass needs to
be calibrated. For more information, see “Compass
Calibration” following.
To adjust between Fahrenheit and Celsius, do the
following:
1. Press and hold the on/off button for
approximately four seconds until either a
flashing F or C appears.
2. Press the button again to change the display
to the desired unit of measurement. After
approximately four seconds of inactivity, the
new unit will be locked in and the
compass/temperature display will return.
1. Make sure the green indicator light, located to
the left of the on/off button, is lit. If it is not,
press and hold the on/off button for
approximately six seconds until the green light
comes on, indicating that the mirror is in
automatic dimming mode.
2. Turn off the automatic dimming mirror function
by pressing and holding the on/off button for
approximately six seconds, until the green
indicator light turns off.
If an abnormal temperature reading is displayed
for an extended period of time, see your
dealer. Under certain circumstances, a delay in
updating the temperature is normal.
163
Compass Calibration
Compass Variance
The compass may need calibration if one of the
following occurs:
• After approximately five seconds, the display
does not show a compass heading, N for
North, for example, there may be a strong
magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad
holder, or a similar magnetic item.
• The compass does not display the correct
heading and the compass zone variance
is set correctly.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass
to compensate for compass variance if the
vehicle is outside of zone eight. Under certain
circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the
difference between earth’s magnetic north and true
geographic north. If not adjusted to account for
compass variance, the compass could give
false readings.
In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the
mirror compass windows. If CAL is not displayed,
push the on/off button for approximately
12 seconds or until CAL is displayed.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the
vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the
display reads a direction.
164
To adjust for compass variance, do the following:
1. Find your current location and variance
zone number on the following zone map.
3. Keep pressing the on/off button until the
desired zone number appears in the
display. Release the button. After
approximately four seconds of inactivity, the
new zone number will be locked in and
the compass/temperature display will return.
Cleaning the Mirror
When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or
similar material dampened with glass cleaner. Do
not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror
as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter the
mirror housing.
2. Press and hold the on/off button until a Z and
a zone number appears in the display. The
compass is now in zone mode.
165
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror
with Compass and Temperature
Display
Your vehicle may have this mirror. When on, an
automatic dimming mirror will dim to the proper
level to minimize glare from lights behind you
after dark.
The mirror also includes a dual display in the
upper right corner of the mirror with the compass
reading and the outside temperature.
Yb: Briefly press this button to turn the display
on or off.
166
Temperature Display
The temperature can be displayed by pressing the
compass/temperature button. Pressing the
compass/temperature button once briefly, will
toggle the display reading on and off. To alternate
the temperature reading between Fahrenheit and
Celsius, press and hold the compass/temperature
button for approximately three seconds until the
display blinks F and C. After approximately
five seconds of inactivity, the display will stop
blinking and display the last selection made.
If an abnormal reading is displayed, see your
dealer.
Automatic Dimming Mirror Operation
O: Press this button to turn the automatic
• The compass does not display the correct
heading and the compass zone variance
is set correctly.
dimming feature on or off. The indicator light to
the left of the button will turn on to indicate when
the feature is on. Once the mirror is turned off,
it will remain off until it is turned back on, or until
the vehicle is restarted.
In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the
mirror compass windows. If CAL is not displayed,
push in the compass/temperature button for
approximately nine seconds or until CAL is
displayed.
Compass Operation
Press the compass/temperature button once
briefly to turn the display on or off.
The compass can be calibrated by driving the
vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the
display reads a direction.
Compass Calibration
Compass Variance
The compass may need calibration if one of the
following occurs:
• If CAL is displayed while driving in the vehicle.
• After approximately five seconds, the display
does not show a compass heading, N for
North, for example, there may be a strong
magnetic field interfering with the compass.
Such interference may be caused by a
magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad
holder, or a similar magnetic item.
The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the
factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass
to compensate for compass variance if the
vehicle is outside zone eight. Under certain
circumstances, as during a long distance
cross-country trip, it will be necessary to adjust for
compass variance. Compass variance is the
difference between earth’s magnetic north and true
geographic north. If not adjusted to account for
compass variance, your compass could give false
readings.
167
To adjust for compass variance:
1. Find your current location and variance zone
number on the following zone map.
3. Press the compass/temperature button on the
bottom of the mirror until the new zone
number appears in the display. After you stop
pressing the button, the display will show a
compass direction within a few seconds.
Cleaning the Mirror
Use a paper towel or similar material dampened
with glass cleaner. Do not spray glass cleaner
directly on the mirror as that may cause the liquid
cleaner to enter the mirror housing.
Outside Manual Mirrors
Adjust your outside mirrors so you can just see
the side of your vehicle and have a clear view of
objects behind you. The mirrors can be folded
in to enter narrow areas.
2. Press and hold the compass/temperature
button for six seconds until a zone number
appears in the display.
168
The use of hood-mounted air deflectors and
add-on convex mirror attachments may adversely
affect mirror performance.
Outside Trailer-Tow Mirrors
These mirrors can be manually folded forward or
rearward. The lower portion of the mirror is
convex. A convex mirror’s surface is curved so
you can see more from the driver’s seat. The
convex mirror can be adjusted manually to the
driver’s preferred position for better vision.
Your vehicle may have outside heated mirrors
which help clear them of condensation, snow, and
ice. When the rear window defogger button is
pressed, the heated mirrors are also turned on.
Only the upper glass of the mirror is heated.
The lower convex part of the mirror is not heated.
If your vehicle has trailer towing type mirrors, they
can be adjusted so you can have a clear view
of the objects behind you. Manually pull out
the mirror head to extend it for better visibility
when towing a trailer.
Your mirror may also have a turn signal arrow
that will flash in the direction of the turn or
lane change.
169
Outside Power Mirrors
If your vehicle is
equipped with outside
power mirrors, the
controls are located on
the driver’s door
armrest.
Press (A) to select the driver’s side mirror or (B) to
select the passenger’s side mirror. Press either
(A) or (B) again to deselect the mirror.
170
To adjust each mirror, press one of the four
arrows located on the control pad to move the
mirror in the direction you want it to go. Adjust
each outside mirror so that you can see a little of
your vehicle, and the area behind your vehicle.
The mirrors may also include a memory function
that works with the memory seats. See Memory
Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals on page 13 for
more information.
The mirrors can be manually folded inward to
prevent damage when going through an automatic
car wash. To fold, push the mirror toward the
vehicle. To return the mirror to its original position,
push outward. Be sure to return both mirrors to
their original unfolded position before driving.
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors
If your vehicle is
equipped with outside
power foldaway mirrors,
the controls are
located on the driver’s
door armrest.
• Press (A) to select the driver’s side mirror. Then
press the arrows located on the four-way
control pad to adjust the mirror. Press (A) again
to deselect this mirror.
• Press (B) to select the passenger’s side mirror.
Then press the arrows located on the four-way
control pad to adjust the mirror. Press (B) again
to deselect this mirror.
• Press (C), to fold the mirrors out to the driving
position.
• Press (D) to fold the mirrors in to the folded
position.
If the mirrors are accidentally folded/unfolded
manually, they may shake or flutter at normal
driving speeds and may not stay in the unfolded
position. If this happens, you will need to reset the
mirrors. See “Resetting the Power Foldaway
Mirrors” next.
Resetting the Power Foldaway Mirrors
You will need to reset the power foldaway mirrors
if the following occurs:
• The mirrors are accidentally obstructed while
folding.
• They are accidentally manually
folded/unfolded.
• The mirrors will not stay in the unfolded
position.
• The mirrors shake and flutter at normal driving
speeds.
To reset the power foldaway mirrors, fold and
unfold them one time using the mirror controls.
This will reset them to their normal position.
171
Turn Signal Indicator
Outside Curb View Assist Mirrors
Your vehicle may have a turn signal indicator on
the mirror. An arrow on the mirror will flash in
the direction of the turn or lane change.
If your vehicle has the memory package, the
outside mirrors are able to perform the curb view
assist mirror function. This feature may be
useful in in allowing the driver to view the curb
when parallel parking. This feature will cause the
passenger’s and/or driver’s mirror to tilt to a
preselected position when the vehicle is in
REVERSE (R).
Ground Illumination Lamps
The mirrors may also include ground illumination
lamps in the base of the mirror. These lamps
help you see the area near the base of the front
doors when it is dark out.
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror
If your vehicle is equipped with this feature,
the driver’s outside mirror will adjust for the glare
of headlamps behind you. This feature is
controlled by the on and off settings found on the
electrochromic inside mirror. See Automatic
Dimming Rearview Mirror with OnStar®, Compass
and Temperature Display on page 162 or
Automatic Dimming Rearview Mirror with Compass
and Temperature Display on page 166 for more
information.
172
The passenger’s and/or driver’s mirror will return to
its original position when the vehicle is shifted out of
REVERSE (R) and either a thirty second delay has
occurred, the vehicle speed is greater than 8 mph
(12 km/h), or the ignition is turned to off.
This feature can be turned on or off through the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 260 for more
information.
Outside Convex Mirror
OnStar® System
Your passenger’s side mirror may have convex
glass. A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you
can see more from the driver’s seat.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like
other vehicles) look farther away than they
really are. If you cut too sharply into the
right lane, you could hit a vehicle on your
right. Check your inside mirror or glance
over your shoulder before changing lanes.
Outside Heated Mirrors
The vehicle may have outside heated mirrors which
help clear them of condensation, snow, and ice.
When the rear window defogger button is pressed,
the heated mirrors are also turned on. See “Rear
Window Defogger” under Dual Automatic Climate
Control System on page 231 or Climate Control
System on page 227 for more information.
OnStar® uses several innovative technologies and
live advisors to provide you with a wide range
of safety, security, information, and convenience
services. If your airbags deploy, the system is
designed to make an automatic call to OnStar®
Emergency advisors who can request emergency
services be sent to your location. If you lock
your keys in the vehicle, call OnStar® at
1-888-4-ONSTAR and they can send a signal to
unlock your doors. If you need roadside
assistance, press the OnStar® button and they
can contact Roadside Service for you.
173
OnStar® service is provided to you subject to the
OnStar® Terms and Conditions. You may
cancel your OnStar® service at any time by
contacting OnStar® as provided below. A complete
OnStar® Owners Guide and the OnStar® Terms
and Conditions are included in the vehicle’s
OnStar® Subscriber glove box literature. For more
information, visit onstar.com or onstar.ca,
contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827) or TTY 1-877-248-2080, or
press the OnStar® button to speak with an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Not all OnStar® features are available on all
vehicles. To check if your vehicle is equipped to
provide the services described below, or for a
full description of OnStar® services and system
limitations, see the OnStar® Owner’s Guide in your
glove box or visit onstar.com.
OnStar® Services
For new vehicles with OnStar®, the Safe & Sound
Plan, or the Directions & Connections® Plan is
included for one year from the date of purchase.
You can extend this plan beyond the first year,
or upgrade to the Directions & Connections® Plan.
174
For more information, press the OnStar® button to
speak with an advisor. Some OnStar® services
(such as Remote Door Unlock or Stolen Vehicle
Location Assistance) may not be available
until you register with OnStar®.
Available Services with Safe & Sound® Plan
• Automatic Notification of Airbag Deployment
• Advanced Automatic Crash Notification (AACN)
(If equipped)
• Link to Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Location Assistance
•
•
•
•
•
AccidentAssist
Remote Door Unlock/Vehicle Alert
OnStar® Vehicle Diagnostics
GM Goodwrench® On Demand Diagnostics
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling with
30 complimentary minutes
• OnStar® Virtual Advisor (U.S. Only)
Available Services included with Directions
& Connections® Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan Services
• Driving Directions - Advisor delivered or
OnStar® Turn-by-Turn Navigation (If equipped)
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling
OnStar® Hands-Free Calling allows eligible
OnStar® subscribers to make and receive calls
using voice commands. Hands-Free Calling is fully
integrated into the vehicle, and can be used
with OnStar® Pre-Paid Minute Packages.
Hands-Free Calling may also be linked to a
Verizon Wireless service plan in the U.S. or a Bell
Mobility service plan in Canada, depending on
eligibility. To find out more, refer to the OnStar®
Owners Guide in the vehicle’s glove box, visit
www.onstar.com or www.onstar.ca, or speak with
an OnStar® advisor by pressing the OnStar®
button or calling 1-888-4-ONSTAR
(1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
OnStar® Virtual Advisor is a feature of OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling that uses your minutes to
access location-based weather, local traffic reports,
and stock quotes. By pressing the phone button
and giving a few simple voice commands, you can
browse through the various topics. See the OnStar®
Owners Guide for more information (Only available
in the continental U.S.).
OnStar® Steering Wheel Controls
Your vehicle may have a Talk/Mute button that
can be used to interact with OnStar® Hands-Free
Calling. See Audio Steering Wheel Controls on
page 351 for more information.
On some vehicles, you may have to hold the
button for a few seconds and give the command
“ONSTAR” in order to activate the OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling feature.
On some vehicles, the mute button can be used to
dial numbers into voicemail systems, or to dial
phone extensions. See the OnStar® Owner’s
Guide for more information.
175
How OnStar® Service Works
®
In order to provide you with OnStar services, your
vehicle’s OnStar® system has the capability of
recording and transmitting vehicle information. This
information is automatically sent to an OnStar® Call
Center at the time of an OnStar® button press,
Emergency button press or if your airbags or AACN
system deploys. The vehicle information usually
includes your GPS location and, in the event of a
crash, additional information regarding the accident
that your vehicle has been involved in (e.g. the
direction from which your vehicle was hit). When
you use the Virtual Advisor feature of OnStar®
Hands-Free Calling, your vehicle also sends
OnStar® your GPS location so that we can provide
you with location-based services.
OnStar® service cannot work unless your vehicle is
in a place where OnStar® has an agreement with a
wireless service provider for service in that area.
OnStar® service also cannot work unless you are in
a place where the wireless service provider
OnStar® has hired for that area has coverage,
network capacity and reception when the service is
needed, and technology that is compatible with the
OnStar® service.
176
Not all services are available everywhere,
particularly in remote or enclosed areas, or at
all times.
OnStar® service that involves location information
about your vehicle cannot work unless GPS
satellite signals are unobstructed and available in
that place as well.
Your vehicle must have a working electrical system
(including adequate battery power) for the OnStar®
equipment to operate. There are other problems
OnStar® cannot control that may prevent OnStar®
from providing OnStar® service to you at any
particular time or place. Some examples are
damage to important parts of your vehicle in an
accident, hills, tall buildings, tunnels, weather or
wireless phone network congestion.
Your Responsibility
You may need to increase the volume of your radio
to hear the OnStar® advisor. If the light next to the
OnStar® buttons is red, this means that your system
is not functioning properly and should be checked
by your dealer/retailer. If the light appears clear (no
light is appearing), your OnStar® subscription has
expired. You can always press the OnStar® button
to confirm that your OnStar® equipment is active.
Universal Home Remote
System
System Identification
Your vehicle may have a Universal Home Remote
System.
Determine which Universal Home Remote your
vehicle has and then read the pages following for
instructions on programming your specific system.
If there are three round LED indicator lights above
the Universal Home Remote buttons, follow the
instructions under Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED).
For help or information on the Universal Home
Remote System, call the customer assistance
phone number under Customer Assistance Offices
on page 602.
If there is one triangular Light Emitting Diode
(LED) indicator light above the Universal Home
Remote buttons, follow the instructions under
Universal Home Remote System Operation (With
One Triangular LED).
177
Universal Home Remote System
The Universal Home Remote System provides a
way to replace up to three hand-held
Radio-Frequency (RF) transmitters used to
activate devices such as garage door openers,
security systems, and home lighting.
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With One Triangular LED)
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
178
If there is one triangular Light Emitting Diode
(LED) indicator light above the Universal Home
Remote buttons, follow the instructions below.
Do not use the Universal Home Remote with any
garage door opener that does not have the
stop and reverse feature. This includes any garage
door opener model manufactured before April 1,
1982. If you have a newer garage door opener
with rolling codes, please be sure to follow Steps
6 through 8 to complete the programming of
your Universal Home Remote Transmitter.
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the Universal Home Remote.
Because of the steps involved, it may be helpful to
have another person available to assist you in
the programming steps
Keep the original hand-held transmitter for use in
other vehicles as well as for future Universal
Home Remote programming. It is also
recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,
the programmed Universal Home Remote buttons
should be erased for security purposes. See
“Erasing Universal Home Remote Buttons” later in
section.
When programming a garage door, it is advised to
park outside of the garage. Be sure that people
and objects are clear of the garage door or
gate operator you are programming.
It is recommended that a new battery be installed
in your hand-held transmitter for quicker and
more accurate transmission of the radio-frequency
signal.
Programming the Universal Home
Remote System
Follow these steps to program up to three devices:
1. Press and hold down the two outside Universal
Home Remote buttons, releasing only when
the Universal Home Remote indicator light
begins to flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold
down the buttons for longer than 30 seconds
and do not repeat this step to program a
second and/or third hand-held transmitter to
the remaining two Universal Home Remote
buttons.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held transmitter
about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the
Universal Home Remote buttons while keeping
the indicator light in view.
3. At the same time, press and hold both the
desired Universal Home Remote button and
the hand-held transmitter button. Do not
release the buttons until Step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door openers
may require you to substitute Step 3 with
the procedure noted in “Gate Operator and
Canadian Programming” later in this section.
179
4. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and
then rapidly after Universal Home Remote
successfully receives the frequency signal
from the hand-held transmitter. Release both
buttons.
5. Press and hold the newly-trained Universal
Home Remote button and observe the
indicator light.
If the indicator light stays on continuously,
programming is complete and your device
should activate when the Universal Home
Remote button is pressed and released.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 under
“Programming Universal Home Remote.” Do
not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of
the programmed channels.
If the indicator light blinks rapidly for
two seconds and then turns to a constant
light, continue with Steps 6 through 8 following
to complete the programming of a rolling-code
device, most commonly, a garage door
opener.
180
6. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. This can usually be found
where the hanging antenna wire is attached to
the motor-head unit.
7. Firmly press and release the “Learn” or
“Smart” button. The name and color of
the button may vary by manufacturer.
You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.
8. Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the
programmed Universal Home Remote button
for two seconds, then release it. Immediately
press and hold the same button a second time
for two seconds, then release it. Immediately,
press and hold the same button a third time for
two seconds, then release.
The Universal Home Remote should now
activate the rolling-code device.
To program the remaining two Universal Home
Remote buttons, begin with Step 2 of
“Programming Universal Home Remote.” You do
not want to repeat Step 1, as this will erase all
previous programming from the Universal Home
Remote buttons.
Gate Operator and Canadian
Programming
Canadian radio-frequency laws require transmitter
signals to time out or quit after several seconds
of transmission. This may not be long enough
for Universal Home Remote to pick up the signal
during programming. Similarly, some U.S. gate
operators are manufactured to time out in
the same manner.
If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty
programming a gate operator or garage door
opener by using the “Programming Universal
Home Remote” procedures, regardless of where
you live, replace Step 3 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” with the following:
Continue to press and hold the Universal Home
Remote button while you press and release every
two seconds (cycle) the hand-held transmitter
button until the frequency signal has been
successfully accepted by the Universal Home
Remote. The Universal Home Remote indicator
light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly.
Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” to complete.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate Universal Home
Remote button for at least half of a second.
The indicator light will come on while the signal is
being transmitted.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
To erase programming from the three Universal
Home Remote buttons do the following:
1. Press and hold down the two outside buttons
until the indicator light begins to flash, after
20 seconds. Do not hold the two outside
buttons for longer than 30 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
The Universal Home Remote is now in the training
(learning) mode and can be programmed at any
time beginning with Step 2 under “Programming
Universal Home Remote” shown earlier in
this section.
Individual buttons cannot be erased, but they can
be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a
Single Universal Home Remote Button” following
this section.
181
Reprogramming a Single Universal
Home Remote Button
Universal Home Remote System
Operation (With Three Round LED)
To program a device to Universal Home Remote
using a Universal Home Remote button
previously trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired Universal Home
Remote button. Do not release the button.
2. The indicator light will begin to flash after
20 seconds. While still holding the Universal
Home Remote button, proceed with Step
2 under “Programming Universal Home
Remote” shown earlier in this section.
For help or information on the Universal Home
Remote System, call the customer assistance
phone number under Customer Assistance Offices
on page 602.
182
Your vehicle may have the Universal Home
Remote System. If there are three round Light
Emitting Diode (LED) indicator lights above
the Universal Home Remote buttons, follow the
instructions below.
This system provides a way to replace up to three
remote control transmitters used to activate
devices such as garage door openers, security
systems, and home automation devices.
Do not use this system with any garage door
opener that does not have the stop and reverse
feature. This includes any garage door opener
model manufactured before April 1, 1982.
When programming a garage door, it is advised to
park outside of the garage. Be sure that people
and objects are clear of the garage door or
security device you are programming.
Read the instructions completely before attempting
to program the transmitter. Because of the steps
involved, it may be helpful to have another
person available to assist you in programming the
transmitter.
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Rolling Code
Be sure to keep the original remote control
transmitter for use in other vehicles, as well as, for
future programming. You only need the original
remote control transmitter for Fixed Code
programming. It is also recommended that upon
the sale or lease termination of the vehicle,
the programmed buttons should be erased for
security purposes. See “Erasing Universal Home
Remote Buttons” later in this section.
Programming a garage door opener involves
time-sensitive actions, so read the entire procedure
before you begin. If you do not follow these
actions, the device will time out and you will have
to repeat the procedure.
Most garage door openers sold after 1996 are
Rolling Code units.
183
Follow these steps to program up to three devices:
1. From inside the vehicle, press the two
outside buttons at the same time for one to
two seconds, and immediately release them.
184
2. Locate in the garage, the garage door opener
receiver (motor-head unit). Locate the “Learn”
or “Smart” button. It can usually be found
where the hanging antenna wire is attached to
the motor-head unit and may be a colored
button. Press this button. After you press this
button, you will have 30 seconds to complete
the following steps.
3. Immediately return to your vehicle. Press and
hold the universal home remote button that
you would like to use to control the garage
door until the garage door moves. The
indicator light, above the selected button,
should slowly blink. You may need to hold the
button from five to 20 seconds.
4. Immediately, within one second, release the
button when the garage door moves. The
indicator light will blink rapidly until
programming is complete.
5. Press and release the same button again.
The garage door should move, confirming
that programming is successful and complete.
If these instructions do not work, you probably
have a Fixed Code garage door opener. Follow the
Programming instructions below for a Fixed
Code garage door opener.
Programming Universal Home
Remote — Fixed Code
Most garage door openers sold before 1996 are
Fixed Code units.
Programming a garage door opener involves
time-sensitive actions, so read the entire procedure
before you begin. If you do not follow these
actions, the device will time out and you will have
to repeat the procedure.
To program another Rolling Code device such as
an additional garage door opener, a security
device, or home automation device, repeat Steps
1-5, choosing a different function button in
Step 3 than what you used for the garage door
opener.
185
Follow these steps to program up to three devices:
Example of Eight Dip Switches with Two Positions
1. To verify if you have a Fixed Code garage
door opener, remove the battery cover on
your hand held transmitter supplied by
the manufacturer of your garage door opener
motor. If you see a row of dip switches
similar to the graphic above, you have a Fixed
Code garage door opener. If you do not see
a row of dip switches, return to the previous
section for Programming Universal Home
Remote – Rolling Code.
186
Example of Eight Dip Switches with Three Positions
Your panel of switches may not appear
exactly as they do in the examples above, but
they should be similar.
The switch positions on your hand-held
transmitter may be labeled, as follows:
• A switch in the up position may be labeled
as “Up,” “+,” or “On.”
• A switch in the down position may be
labeled as “Down,” “−,” or “Off.”
• A switch in the middle position may be
labeled as “Middle,” “0,” or “Neutral.”
2. Write down the eight to 12 switch settings
from left to right as follows:
• When a switch is in the up position,
write “Left.”
• When a switch is in the down position, write
“Right.”
• If a switch is set between the up and down
position, write “Middle.”
The switch settings that you wrote down in
Step 2 will now become the button strokes
you enter into the Universal Home Remote in
Step 4. Be sure to enter the switch settings
that you wrote down in Step 2, in order from
left to right, into the Universal Home Remote,
when completing Step 4.
3. From inside your vehicle, first firmly press
all three buttons at the same time for about
three seconds. Release the buttons to
put the Universal Home Remote into
programming mode.
187
5. After entering all of the switch positions,
again, firmly press and release all three
buttons at the same time. The indicator lights
will turn on.
6. Press and hold the button you would like to
use to control the garage door until the
garage door moves. The indicator light above
the selected button should slowly blink.
You may need to hold the button from five to
55 seconds.
7. Immediately release the button when the
garage door moves. The indicator light will
blink rapidly until programming is complete.
4. The indicator lights will blink slowly. Enter each
switch setting from Step 2 into your vehicle’s
Universal Home Remote. You will have two
and one-half minutes to complete Step 4. Now
press one button on the Universal Home
Remote for each switch setting as follows:
• If you wrote “Left,” press the left button in the
vehicle.
• If you wrote “Right,” press the right button in
the vehicle.
• If you wrote “Middle,” press the middle
button in the vehicle.
188
8. Press and release the same button again.
The garage door should move, confirming
that programming is successful and complete.
To program another Fixed Code device such as an
additional garage door opener, a security device,
or home automation device, repeat Steps 1-8,
choosing a different button in Step 6 than what you
used for the garage door opener.
Using Universal Home Remote
Press and hold the appropriate button for at least
half of a second. The indicator light will come
on while the signal is being transmitted.
Reprogramming Universal Home
Remote Buttons
You can reprogram any of the three buttons by
repeating the instructions.
Erasing Universal Home Remote
Buttons
You should erase the programmed buttons when
you sell or terminate your lease.
To erase either Rolling Code or Fixed Code on the
Universal Home Remote device, do the following:
1. Press and hold the two outside buttons at the
same time for approximately 20 seconds, until
the indicator lights, located directly above
the buttons, begin to blink rapidly.
2. Once the indicator lights begin to blink,
release both buttons. The codes from all
buttons will be erased.
For help or information on the Universal Home
Remote System, call the customer assistance
phone number under Customer Assistance Offices
on page 602.
189
Storage Areas
Glove Box
Open the glove box by pulling up on the bottom of
the handle.
Cupholder(s)
Your vehicle may have cupholders located in the
front and rear of the floor console or in the
fold down armrest. The front cupholders can be
adjusted by moving the insert forward or rearward.
You may also have cupholders in the second
and third row seat armrest areas.
To access the cupholders in the rear floor console,
pull downward on the lid.
Center Console Storage Area
Your vehicle may have a console compartment
with cupholders between the bucket seats.
To open it, press the button and lift the console
lid open.
The rear of the console has a cupholder that
swings down for the rear seat passenger to use.
190
Luggage Carrier
• Tie the load to the crossrails or the siderail
The vehicle may have a luggage carrier that can be
used to load things on top of the vehicle.
The luggage carrier has siderails attached to the
roof. It may also have crossrails which can be
moved back and forth to help secure cargo. Tie the
load to the siderails or siderail supports.
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier
that weighs more than 200 lbs (91 kg) or
hangs over the rear or sides of the vehicle
may damage your vehicle. Load cargo so that
it rests on the slats as far forward as
possible and against the side rails, making
sure to fasten it securely.
Do not exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on
vehicle capacity and loading, see Loading Your
Vehicle on page 407.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo while you are
driving, check to make sure the luggage and cargo
are still securely fastened.
Be sure the cargo is properly loaded.
• If small heavy objects are placed on the roof,
cut a piece of 3/8 inch plywood to fit inside the
crossrails and siderails to spread the load. Tie
the plywood to the siderail supports.
supports. Use the crossrails only to keep the
load from sliding. To move a crossrail, lift the
release lever, on both sides of the rail, up to
loosen it. Slide the crossrail to the desired
position balancing the force side to side. Press
the release lever on both sides of the rail, down
to tighten it. Try to slide the crossrail back and
forth slightly to be sure it is tight.
• If you need to carry long items, move the
crossrails as far apart as they will go. Tie the
load to the crossrails and the siderails or
siderail supports. Also tie the load to the
bumpers. Do not tie the load so tightly that the
crossrails or siderails are damaged.
• After moving a crossrail, be sure it is securely
locked into the siderail.
Your vehicle has a Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
(CHMSL) located above the rear glass.
If items are loaded on the roof of the vehicle, care
should be taken not to block or damage the
CHMSL unit.
191
Rear Storage Area
Your vehicle may have a storage compartment
located in the rear cargo area of the vehicle in the
driver’s side trim panel.
To open the utility compartment, turn the knobs
and swing the compartment door open. The
compartment door can be removed.
Rear Seat Armrest
Your vehicle may be equipped with a rear seat
armrest. Pull the loop at the top of the armrest
down to access the cupholders.
Cargo Cover
{CAUTION:
An improperly stored cargo cover could
be thrown about the vehicle during a
collision or sudden maneuver. You or
others could be injured. If you remove the
cover, always store it in the proper
storage location. When you put it back,
always be sure that it is securely
reattached.
If your vehicle has a cargo cover, you can use it
to cover items in the cargo area of your vehicle.
To use the cover, do the following:
1. Pull the cover handle toward the rear of the
vehicle.
2. Latch the cover posts into the retaining
sockets on the cargo area trim panels.
192
To return the cover to the retracted position, do
the following:
1. Pull up on the cover handle to release the
cover posts from the retaining sockets.
2. Let the cover move forward to the full retracted
position.
To remove the cover, from a regular wheelbase
model, do the following:
1. Let the cover go all the way into the holder.
2. Then, grasping the driver’s side cover
end cap, push the cover end cap toward the
passenger’s side of the vehicle.
3. Swing the cover rearward and take it out of
the vehicle.
To put the cover in the vehicle, do the following:
1. Make sure the cover slot in the holder faces
rearward with the round surface facing down.
2. Then, hold the cover at an angle and place
the cover end cap into the slot in the
passenger’s side trim panel.
3. Move the other end of the cover forward and
hold it next to the driver’s side trim panel slot.
4. Press the end caps in, this will allow the cover
to fit into the trim slot.
5. Lightly pull on the cover holder to make sure
it is secure.
On the extended wheelbase models there are
two cover positions. The slots furthest
forward allow the cover to be used if the third
seat is removed or folded down. The cover
can be installed and removed from either side.
193
Cargo Tie Downs
Your vehicle may have cargo tie downs in the rear
cargo area that allow you to strap cargo in and
keep it from moving inside the vehicle.
Cargo Management System
Your vehicle may be equipped with a cargo
management system. It can be used for storing
and separating cargo and as a table. The
maximum load is 200 lbs. (91 kg) distributed. It is
located in the rear of the vehicle on upper or
lower horizontal guides. There are two vertical
curved guides that connect the upper and
lower horizontal guides together. The system has
three rollers on each side. The system has a
release lever located in the center of the grab
handle. This will engage and disengage a locator
pin. This is used in adjusting and positioning
the system.
The cargo management system can be positioned
on the upper or lower horizontal guides.
194
To adjust the system from the upper position to
the lower position, do the following:
1. Squeeze and hold the release lever to retract
the locator pin.
2. Pull the system back until the front rollers
reach the vertical curved guides.
3. Lower the front rollers to the lower guides and
pull the system back until the middle set of
rollers clear the upper guides.
4. Lower the system until the middle rollers are
lined up with lower guides. While holding in
the release lever, push the system forward
until all three sets of rollers are on the guides.
5. Release the lever and push the system until
the locator pin reaches the locator hole.
To adjust the system from the lower position to
the upper position, do the following:
1. Squeeze and hold the release lever to retract
the locator pin.
2. Pull the system back and lift until the middle
rollers can be placed into the upper guides.
3. Push the system forward until the front rollers
are lined up with the vertical curved guides.
4. Push down on the rear of the system and
raise the front rollers up the vertical curved
guides.
5. Push the system forward until all three sets of
rollers are resting on the guides and release
the lever to engage the locating pin into
the hole.
To utilize the cargo management system as a
table feature, squeeze the release lever and pull
the system towards you until the locator pin
reaches the next hole. The system will extend out
of the vehicle. The liftgate cannot be closed in
this position. Do not operate the vehicle with
liftgate open.
The cargo management system can be removed
from the vehicle. This procedure should be
completed by two people. While squeezing the
release lever, pull the system back until the rollers
clear the guides. To reinstall the system, align
the rollers to the guides, squeeze the release lever
and push into position.
195
On one side of the system is a retractable
storage area.
To access, pull the handle in the center of the
system up.
Slide the hinge covers to the center of each side.
This will keep the sides of the storage system
stationary and allow it to stay upright. Inside the
system are two removable dividers. To remove,
unhook the loops at the ends of each divider.
When not in use, slide the hinge covers back and
the storage system will fold back down. Press
down on the storage cover to lock it into place.
To utilize the cupholders, follow the procedure for
removing the system from the vehicle.
196
Sunroof
Your vehicle may be equipped with a power sliding
sunroof. To open or close the sunroof, the ignition
needs to be turned to ON, or Retained Accessory
Power (RAP) must be active. When RAP is active,
the sunroof will work for 10 minutes after the
ignition is turned off, or until a front door is opened.
See Retained Accessory Power (RAP) on page 141
for more information.
There are two switches
in the overhead console
that operate the
sunroof.
Manual-Open/Manual-Close: To open the
sunroof press and hold the rear of the driver’s side
switch until the sunroof reaches the desired
position. To close the sunroof, press and hold the
front of the driver’s side switch until the sunroof
reaches the desired position. The sunshade
will open automatically with the sunroof, but can
also be opened manually.
The sunroof has a comfort stop feature which
stops the sunroof from opening to the full-open
position. From the comfort stop position, press the
rear of the driver’s side switch a second time to
open the sunroof to the full-open position.
When the sunroof is opened, an air deflector will
automatically raise. The air deflector will retract
when the sunroof is closed.
197
Express-Open/Express-Close: To express-open
the sunroof, fully press and release the rear of
the driver’s side switch. The sunroof will open
automatically. To stop the sunroof partway, press
the switch a second time. To express-close
the sunroof, fully press and release the front of the
driver’s side switch. The sunroof will close
automatically. To stop the sunroof partway, press
the switch a second time. The sunshade will
open automatically with the sunroof, but can also
be opened manually.
The sunroof has a comfort stop feature which
stops the sunroof from opening to the full-open
position. From the comfort stop position, press the
rear of the driver’s side switch a second time to
open the sunroof to the full-open position.
When the sunroof is opened, an air deflector will
automatically raise. The air deflector will retract
when the sunroof is closed.
198
Vent: The sunroof has an express-vent open
feature. From the closed position, press the rear
of the passenger’s side switch to vent the sunroof.
To stop the sunroof partway, press the switch a
second time. To close the sunroof, press and hold
the front of the passenger’s side switch. To
stop the sunroof partway, release the switch.
Anti-Pinch Feature: If an object is in the path of
the sunroof while it is closing, the anti-pinch
feature will detect the object and stop the sunroof
from closing at the point of the obstruction.
The sunroof will then open halfway, and the air
deflector will raise. To close the sunroof once
it has re-opened, refer to the “Express-Close” or
“Manual-Close” functions described previously.
If the sunroof is in the vent position, and there is
an object in the path of the sunroof when it
closing, the anti-pinch feature will detect the object
and stop the sunroof. To close the sunroof once
it has re-opened, refer to the “Manual-Close”
or “Express-Close” functions described previously.
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ........................ 202
Hazard Warning Flashers .......................... 204
Other Warning Devices ............................. 204
Horn .......................................................... 204
Tilt Wheel .................................................. 204
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .................. 205
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ................. 206
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .......... 207
Flash-to-Pass ............................................ 207
Windshield Wipers ..................................... 207
Rainsense™ II Wipers ............................... 208
Windshield Washer .................................... 209
Rear Window Wiper/Washer ...................... 210
Cruise Control ........................................... 211
Exterior Lamps .......................................... 215
Headlamps on Reminder ........................... 216
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ................. 216
Automatic Headlamp System ..................... 217
Fog Lamps ................................................ 218
Auxiliary Roof Mounted Lamp .................... 218
Instrument Panel Brightness ...................... 219
Dome Lamps ............................................. 219
Dome Lamp Override ................................ 219
Entry Lighting ............................................ 220
Exit Lighting .............................................. 220
Reading Lamps ......................................... 220
Electric Power Management ...................... 220
Battery Run-Down Protection ..................... 221
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) ........................................ 222
Accessory Power Outlet(s) ........................ 225
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter ................ 227
Climate Controls ......................................... 227
Climate Control System ............................. 227
Dual Automatic Climate Control System .... 231
Outlet Adjustment ...................................... 238
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System .................................................. 239
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating System
and Electronic Climate Controls ............... 240
199
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ..... 242
Instrument Panel Cluster ........................... 243
Speedometer and Odometer ...................... 244
Trip Odometer ........................................... 244
Tachometer ............................................... 244
Safety Belt Reminder Light ........................ 244
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light ....... 245
Airbag Readiness Light ............................. 245
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............. 246
Charging System Light .............................. 248
Voltmeter Gage ......................................... 249
Brake System Warning Light ..................... 249
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ...... 251
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ......................... 252
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ............ 252
Tire Pressure Light .................................... 253
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ........................ 253
Oil Pressure Gage ..................................... 256
200
Oil Pressure Light ..................................... 257
Security Light ............................................ 258
Fog Lamp Light ......................................... 258
Cruise Control Light .................................. 258
Highbeam On Light ................................... 259
Tow/Haul Mode Light ................................ 259
Fuel Gage ................................................. 259
Low Fuel Warning Light ............................ 260
Driver Information Center (DIC) .................. 260
DIC Operation and Displays
(With DIC Buttons) ................................. 261
DIC Operation and Displays
(Without DIC Buttons) ............................ 267
DIC Warnings and Messages .................... 270
DIC Vehicle Customization
(With DIC Buttons) ................................. 280
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Audio System(s) ......................................... 290
Setting the Time (MP3 Radio with
a Single CD Player) ............................... 291
Setting the Time (MP3 Radio with
a CD and DVD Player) .......................... 292
Setting the Time (MP3 Radio with
a Six-Disc CD Player) ............................ 293
Radio with CD (MP3) ................................ 294
Radio with CD and DVD (MP3) ................. 305
Using an MP3 (Radio with CD or
Six-Disc CD Player) ............................... 321
Using an MP3 (Radio with CD
and DVD Player) .................................... 327
XM Radio Messages ................................. 335
Navigation/Radio System ........................... 337
Rear Seat Entertainment System ............... 337
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................. 348
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................. 350
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................. 351
Radio Reception ........................................ 352
Care of Your CDs and DVDs .................... 353
Care of the CD and DVD Player ............... 353
Rear Side Window Antenna ....................... 354
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ....... 354
201
Instrument Panel Overview
United States version shown; Canada similar
202
A. Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on
page 238.
B. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 205.
C. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 243.
D. Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 204.
E. Shift Lever. See Automatic Transmission
Operation on page 145.
F. Tow/Haul Selector Button (If Equipped). See
Tow/Haul Mode on page 149.
G. Driver Information Center Controls. See Driver
Information Center (DIC) on page 260.
H. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on
page 290.
I. Exterior Lamps Control. See Exterior Lamps on
page 215.
J. Dome Lamp Override Button. See Dome Lamp
Override on page 219.
K. Automatic Transfer Case Control. (If Equipped).
See Four-Wheel Drive on page 150.
L. Cruise Control Buttons. See Cruise Control on
page 211.
M. Tilt Wheel Lever. See Tilt Wheel on page 204.
N. Horn. See Horn on page 204.
O. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio
Steering Wheel Controls on page 351.
P. Climate Controls. See Climate Control System
on page 227 or Dual Automatic Climate
Controls (If Equipped). See Dual Automatic
Climate Control System on page 231.
Q. Accessory Power Outlets. See Accessory
Power Outlet(s) on page 225. Cigarette Lighter
(If Equipped). See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette
Lighter on page 227.
R. StabiliTrak® Button (If Equipped). See
StabiliTrak® System on page 363. Pedal Adjust
Button (If Equipped). See Adjustable Throttle
and Brake Pedal on page 143. Rear Park Assist
Disable Button (If Equipped). See Ultrasonic
Rear Parking Assist (URPA) on page 222.
Heated Windshield Washer Fluid Button
(If Equipped). See Windshield Washer on
page 209. Power Running Boards Disable
Button (If Equipped). See Power Running
Boards on page 131.
S. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 190.
203
Hazard Warning Flashers
Other Warning Devices
The hazard warning flashers warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem.
Your front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on
and off.
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set them
up at the side of the road about 300 feet
(100 m) behind your vehicle.
The hazard warning
flasher button is located
on top of the steering
column.
Horn
To sound the horn, press the center pad on the
steering wheel.
Tilt Wheel
The hazard warning flashers work no matter what
ignition position the key is in, and even if the
key is not in the ignition.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button
again to turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your
turn signals will not work.
204
Your vehicle has a tilt wheel, that lets you adjust
the steering wheel before driving. Raising it to
the highest level gives more room to exit and enter
your vehicle.
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
The tilt steering wheel lever is located on the
lower left side of the column.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull
the lever. Then move the steering wheel to a
comfortable position and release the lever to lock
the wheel in place.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
G (Turn and Lane Change Signals): See
Turn and Lane-Change Signals on page 206.
53 (Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer):
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 207.
Flash-to-Pass. See Flash-to-Pass on page 207.
N (Windshield Wipers): See Windshield Wipers
on page 207.
205
An arrow on the
instrument panel cluster
will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
L (Windshield Washer): See Windshield
Washer on page 209.
5 (Rear Wiper Delay): See Rear Window
Wiper/Washer on page 210.
Z (Rear Wiper): See Rear Window
Wiper/Washer on page 210.
= (Rear Wiper Wash): See Rear Window
Wiper/Washer on page 210.
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow
you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or
down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
To signal a lane change, raise or lower the lever for
less than one second until the arrow starts to flash.
This will cause the turn signals to automatically
flash three times. It will flash six times if tow-haul
mode is active. Holding the turn signal lever for
more than one second will cause the turn signals to
flash until you release the lever. The lever will
return by itself when it is released.
206
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the
arrows flash more quickly than normal, a signal
bulb may be burned out and other drivers will not
see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when
you signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and a
blown fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 564.
Turn Signal On Chime
If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a
mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound at each flash
of the turn signal and the message TURN SIGNAL
ON will also appear in the Driver Information
Control (DIC). To turn the chime and message off,
move the turn signal lever to the off position.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
53 (Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer):
To change the headlamps from low to high beam,
push the lever toward the instrument panel. To
return to low-beam headlamps, pull the
multifunction lever toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams
are on, this indicator
light on the instrument
panel cluster will also
be on.
Flash-to-Pass
This feature lets you use your high-beam
headlamps to signal a driver in front of you that
you want to pass. It works even if your headlamps
are in the automatic position.
If your headlamps are in the automatic position or
on low beam, your high-beam headlamps will
turn on. They will stay on as long as you hold the
lever toward you. The high-beam indicator on
the instrument panel cluster will come on. Release
the lever to return to normal operation.
Windshield Wipers
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they are frozen to the
windshield, gently loosen or thaw them. Damaged
wiper blades may not clear the windshield well,
making it harder to see and drive safely. If
the blades do become damaged, install new
blades or blade inserts. For more information, see
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement on
page 505.
Heavy snow or ice can overload the wiper motor. A
circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools down.
Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you,
then release it.
207
The windshield wipers are controlled by turning
the band with the wiper symbol.
8 (Mist): Turn the band to mist for a single
wiping cycle. Hold it there until the wipers
start. Then let go. The wipers will stop after one
wipe. Hold the band on mist longer, for more wipe
cycles.
9 (Off): To stop the wipers, move the band
to off.
6 (Delay):
The wiper speed can be set for a long
or short delay between wiping cycles. This can
be very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band
to choose the delay time. The closer to the top
of the lever, the shorter the delay.
6 (Low Speed): Turn the band away from
you to the first solid band past the delay settings,
for steady wiping at low speed.
1 (High Speed): Turn the band further, to the
second solid band past the delay settings, for
high-speed wiping.
208
Rainsense™ II Wipers
If your vehicle has Rainsense™ II windshield
wipers, the moisture sensor is located next to the
inside rearview mirror and is mounted on the
windshield. When active, these sensors are able
to detect moisture on the windshield and
automatically turn on the wipers.
To turn on the Rainsense™ feature, the wipers
must be set to one of the five delay settings on the
multifunction lever. Each of the five settings
adjusts the sensitivity of the rainsensor.
Since different drivers have different setting
preferences, it is recommended that the mid-range
setting (position 3) be used initially. For more
wipes, select the higher settings; for fewer wipes,
select the lower settings located closer to the
off position on the multifunction lever.
The rainsensor will automatically control the
frequency of the wipes from the off setting to the
high speed setting according to the weather
conditions. The wipers can be left in a rainsense
mode even when it is not raining.
When Rainsense™ is active, the headlamps will
turn on automatically if the exterior lamp control is
in the AUTO position.
Notice: Going through an automatic car wash
with the wipers on can damage them. Turn
the wipers off when going through an
automatic car wash.
Windshield Washer
{CAUTION:
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
L (Washer Fluid): There is a paddle marked
with the windshield washer symbol at the top of the
multifunction lever. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle. The wipers will
clear the window and then either stop or return to
your preset speed.
Heated Windshield Washer
If your vehicle has the heated windshield washer
fluid system it may be used to help clear ice,
snow, tree sap, or bugs from your windshield.
209
The button is located in
the switchbank under
the climate controls.
Rear Window Wiper/Washer
{CAUTION:
Push the heated washer fluid button to activate
the heated windshield washer fluid system.
The indicator light will flash. This activation will
initiate four heated wash/wipe cycles. The
first heated wash/wipe cycle may take up to
40 seconds to occur, depending on outside
temperature. After the first wash/wipe cycle, it may
take up to 20 seconds for each of the remaining
cycles to begin. Press the button again to turn
off the heated windshield washer fluid system or it
will automatically turn off after four wipe cycles
have been completed.
When the heated windshield washer fluid system
is activated under certain outside temperature
conditions, steam may flow out of the washer
nozzles for a short period of time before washer
fluid is sprayed. This is a normal condition.
210
In freezing weather, do not use your
washer until the windshield is warmed.
Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice
on the windshield, blocking your vision.
The rear wiper control is located on the turn
signal/multifunction lever.
To turn the rear wiper on, slide the lever to a
wiper position.
9 (Off): To turn the wiper off, slide the lever to
this setting.
5 (Rear Wiper Delay): To turn on the rear wiper
delay, slide the lever to this setting.
Z (Rear Wiper): To turn on the rear wiper, slide
the lever to this setting.
= (Rear Wiper Wash): To turn on the rear
wiper wash, push the button on the end of the turn
signal/multifunction lever to spray washer fluid
on the rear window. The wipers will clear the rear
window and either stop or return to your preset
speed. For more washer cycles, press and
hold the button.
The rear window wiper/washer will not operate if
the liftgate or liftglass is open or ajar. If the liftgate
or liftglass is opened while the rear wiper is on,
the wiper will return to the parked position
and stop.
Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where
you cannot drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
excessive wheel slip, and you could lose
control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of
about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without
keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can
really help on long trips. Cruise control does not
work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, cruise control
is turned off.
211
If your vehicle has the StabiliTrak® system and
begins to limit wheel spin while you are using cruise
control, the cruise control will automatically
disengage. See StabiliTrak® System on page 363.
When road conditions allow you to safely use it
again, you may turn the cruise control back on.
The cruise control
buttons are located on
left side of the
steering wheel.
T (On/Off): This button can both activate and
turn off the system. The indicator light on the
button turns on when cruise control is on and turns
off when cruise control is off.
+ RES (Resume/Accelerate): Press this button
to make the vehicle accelerate or resume to
a previously set speed.
SET − (Set/Coast): Press this button to set the
speed or make the vehicle decelerate.
[ (Cancel): Press this button to cancel cruise
control without erasing the set speed from
memory.
212
Setting Cruise Control
Resuming a Set Speed
Cruise control will not work if your parking brake is
set, or if the master cylinder brake fluid level is low.
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired
speed and then you apply the brake. This
shuts off the cruise control. But you do not need
to reset it.
The cruise control light on the instrument panel
cluster will come on after the cruise control
has been set to the desired speed.
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when
you are not using cruise, you might hit a
button and go into cruise when you do
not want to. You could be startled and
even lose control. Keep the cruise control
switch off until you want to use cruise
control.
1. Press the cruise control On/Off button.
2. Get up to the desired speed.
3. Press the SET− button located on the steering
wheel and release it.
Once you are driving about 25 mph (40 km/h) or
more, press the +RES button on your steering
wheel. The vehicle will go back to the previous set
speed and stay there.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
To increase the cruise speed while using cruise
control:
• Press and hold the +RES button on the
steering wheel until you reach your new
desired speed, then release it.
• To increase vehicle speed in small increments,
press the +RES button. Each time you do this,
you will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator.
213
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
Using Cruise Control on Hills
To reduce your speed while using cruise control:
• Press and hold the SET– button on the
steering wheel until the desired lower speed is
reached, then release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, press
the SET– button on the steering wheel
briefly. Each time you do this, the vehicle will
go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
How well your cruise control will work on hills
depends upon your speed, load, and the
steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills,
you may have to step on the accelerator pedal
to maintain the vehicle’s speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower
gear to keep the vehicle’s speed down. Of
course, applying the brake takes you out of cruise
control. Many drivers find this to be too much
trouble and do not use cruise control on steep hills.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Ending Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your
vehicle will slow down to the previous set cruise
speed.
There are three ways to end cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal.
• Press the cancel button on the steering wheel.
• Press the On/Off button on the steering
wheel.
Erasing Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the
ignition, the cruise control set speed memory is
erased.
214
Exterior Lamps
The exterior lamps
control is located on the
instrument panel to
the left of the steering
wheel.
It controls the following systems:
• Headlamps
• Taillamps
• Parking Lamps
• License Plate Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
The exterior lamps control has four positions:
9 (Off): Turn the control to this position to turn
off the automatic headlamps and daytime
running lamps (DRL). Turning the headlamp
control to the off position again will turn the
automatic headlamps or DRL back on.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, the off position
will only work for vehicles that are shifted into
the PARK (P) position.
AUTO (Automatic): Turn the control to this
position to automatically turn on the headlamps at
normal brightness, together with the following:
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
; (Parking Lamps): Turn the control to this
position to turn on the parking lamps together with
the following:
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
2 (Headlamps): Turn the control to this position
to turn on the headlamps together with the
following lamps listed below.
When the headlamps are turned on while the
vehicle is on, the headlamps will turn off
automatically 10 minutes after the ignition is
turned off. When the headlamps are turned on
while the vehicle is off, the headlamps will continue
to stay on. Turn the control to the off position to
turn the headlamps off or the battery will be
drained.
215
A warning chime will sound if you open the
driver’s door when the ignition switch is off and
the headlamps are on.
• Parking Lamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
• Taillamps
• License Plate Lamps
Headlamps on Reminder
A reminder chime will sound when the headlamps
or parking lamps are manually turned on and
your ignition is off and a door is open. To disable
the chime, turn the light off.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier
for others to see the front of your vehicle during
the day. DRL can be helpful in many different
driving conditions, but they can be especially
helpful in the short periods after dawn and before
sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps
are required on all vehicles first sold in Canada.
216
The DRL system will come on when the following
conditions are met:
• The ignition is on.
• The exterior lamps control is in AUTO.
• The transmission is not in PARK (P).
• The light sensor determines it is daytime.
When the DRL are on, only your DRL lamps will
be on. The taillamps, sidemarker, and other lamps
will not be on. The instrument panel will not be
lit up either.
When it begins to get dark, the automatic
headlamp system will switch from DRL to the
headlamps.
To turn off the DRL lamps, turn the exterior lamps
control to the OFF position and then release.
For vehicles first sold in Canada, the transaxle
must be in the PARK (P) position, before the DRL
lamps can be turned off.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the
regular headlamp system when you need it.
Automatic Headlamp System
When it is dark enough outside, the automatic
headlamp system will turn on the headlamps at the
normal brightness, along with the taillamps,
sidemarker, parking lamps, and the instrument
panel lights. The radio lights will also be dim.
To turn off the automatic headlamp system, turn
the exterior lamps switch to the off position
and then release. For vehicles first sold in Canada,
the transaxle must be in the PARK (P) position,
before the automatic headlamp system can
be turned off.
The vehicle has a light sensor located on the top
of the instrument panel in the defroster grille
that regulates when the automatic headlamps turn
on. Be sure it is not covered, or the headlamps
will come on whenever the ignition is on.
The system may also turn on the headlamps when
driving through a parking garage, heavy overcast
weather, or a tunnel. This is normal.
There is a delay in the transition between the
daytime and nighttime operation of the Daytime
Running Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp
systems so that driving under bridges or bright
overhead street lights does not affect the system.
The DRL and automatic headlamp system will only
be affected when the light sensor detects a change
in lighting lasting longer than the delay.
If you start your vehicle in a dark garage, the
automatic headlamp system will come on
immediately. Once you leave the garage, it will
take approximately one minute for the automatic
headlamp system to change to DRL if it is
bright enough outside. During that delay, your
instrument panel cluster may not be as bright as
usual. Make sure your instrument panel brightness
control is in the full bright position. See Instrument
Panel Brightness on page 219.
Your headlamps will also stay on after you exit the
vehicle. You can program this feature using the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC Vehicle
Customization (With DIC Buttons) on page 280.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when needed.
217
Fog Lamps
Auxiliary Roof Mounted Lamp
- (Fog Lamps): If your vehicle has fog lamps,
If your vehicle has this feature, this button includes
wiring provisions for a dealer or a qualified
service center to install an auxiliary roof lamp.
the button is located on the instrument panel
to the left of the steering column and below the
dome lamp override button.
The ignition must be in RUN and the parking
lamps must be on for the fog lamps to work.
To turn the fog lamps on, press the fog lamps
button. A light comes on in the instrument
panel cluster to let you know that the fog lamps
are on. Press the button again to turn the fog
lamps off.
When the fog lamps are turned on, the low-beam
headlamps automatically turn on.
The fog lamps turn off while you change to
high-beam headlamps. When the high-beam
headlamps go off, the fog lamps will come
on again.
Fog lamps should only be used in foggy conditions
since they could be distracting to oncoming
drivers in clear weather conditions.
Some localities have laws that require the
headlamps to be on along with the fog lamps.
218
This button is located
on the overhead
console.
When the wiring is connected to an auxiliary roof
mounted lamp, pressing the bottom of the
button will activate the lamp and illuminate an
indicator light at the bottom of this button. Pressing
the top of the button will turn off the roof mounted
lamp and indicator.
The emergency roof lamp circuit is fused at
30 amps, so the total current draw of the attached
lamps should be less than this value. The
attachment points for the roof lamp circuits are
two blunt cut wires located above the overhead
console, a dark green switched power wire and a
black ground wire.
For further information on roof mount emergency
lamp installation, please visit the GM Upfitter
website at www.gmupfitters.com or contact your
dealer.
Dome Lamps
The dome lamps come on when a door is opened.
If your vehicle has this button, your vehicle may
have the snow plow prep package. For further
information see Adding a Snow Plow or Similar
Equipment on page 412.
The dome lamps can also be turned on by
turning the knob, located next to the exterior lamps
control, clockwise to the farthest position. In this
position, the dome lamps will remain on whether a
door is opened or closed.
Instrument Panel Brightness
Dome Lamp Override
D (Instrument Panel Brightness): This feature
controls the brightness of the instrument panel
lights.
E (Dome Lamp Override): Press the dome
The knob for this feature is located next to the
headlamp control.
Turn the knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
adjust the brightness of the instrument panel lights.
Turn the knob clockwise to return the instrument
panel cluster or radio display to full brightness
when the headlamps or parking lamps are on. To
turn on the dome lamps, turn the knob to the
farthest clockwise position.
override button, located next to the exterior lamps
control, to keep the dome lamps off when a
door is open. To set the lamps to the automatic
operation, press the button again so that it is
extended. With the button in this position,
the dome lamps will come on when a door is
opened.
219
Entry Lighting
Your vehicle has an illuminated entry feature.
When the doors are opened, the dome lamps will
come on if the dome override button is in the
extended position. If the dome override button is
pressed in, the lamps will not come on.
Exit Lighting
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on
when the key is removed from the ignition. They
will turn off automatically in 20 seconds. The lights
will not come on if the dome override button is
pressed in.
Reading Lamps
If your vehicle has reading lamps they are located
on the overhead console.
To turn on the reading lamps, press the button
located next to each lamp. To turn them off, press
the button again.
220
Your vehicle may also have reading lamps in other
locations. To turn the lamps on or off, press the
button located next to the lamp.
The lamps are fixed and cannot be adjusted.
Electric Power Management
The vehicle has Electric Power Management (EPM)
that estimates the battery’s temperature and state
of charge. It then adjusts the voltage for best
performance and extended life of the battery.
When the battery’s state of charge is low, the
voltage is raised slightly to quickly put the charge
back in. When the state of charge is high, the
voltage is lowered slightly to prevent overcharging.
If the vehicle has a voltmeter gage or voltage
display on the Driver Information Center (DIC), you
may see the voltage move up or down. This is
normal. If there is a problem, an alert will be
displayed.
The battery can be discharged at idle if the
electrical loads are very high. This is true for
all vehicles. This is because the generator
(alternator) may not be spinning fast enough at
idle to produce all the power that is needed for very
high electrical loads.
A high electrical load occurs when several of the
following loads are on: headlamps, high beams,
fog lamps, rear window defogger, climate
control fan at high speed, heated seats, engine
cooling fans, trailer loads, and loads plugged into
accessory power outlets.
EPM works to prevent excessive discharge of the
battery. It does this by balancing the generator’s
output and the vehicle’s electrical needs. It
can increase engine idle speed to generate more
power, whenever needed. It can temporarily
reduce the power demands of some accessories.
Normally, these actions occur in steps or levels,
without being noticeable. In rare cases at the
highest levels of corrective action, this action may
be noticeable to the driver. If so, a Driver
Information Center (DIC) message might be
displayed, such as Battery Saver Active or Service
Battery Charging System. If this message is
displayed, it is recommended that the driver
reduce the electrical loads as much as possible.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 270.
Battery Run-Down Protection
This feature shuts off the dome, and reading
lamps if they are left on for more than 10 minutes
when the ignition is off. This will keep the
battery from running down.
221
Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA)
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system it is designed to help
you park while in Reverse (R). It operates only at
speeds less than 5 mph (8 km/h). URPA helps
make parking easier and helps you avoid colliding
with objects such as parked vehicles. The
URPA system detects objects that are close to the
rear of the vehicle which are at least 10 inches
(25.4 cm) off the ground and below hood or trunk
level. The system detects objects up to 8 feet
(2.5 m) behind your vehicle. The URPA sensors
determine how close these objects are from
your bumper within this area.
222
{CAUTION:
The Ultrasonic Rear Park Assist (URPA)
system does not replace driver vision.
URPA does not:
• Operate above speeds of
5 mph (8 km/h).
• Detect objects more than 8 feet
(2.5 meters) behind the vehicle. This
distance may be less during warmer
or humid weather.
• Detect objects that are below the
bumper, underneath the vehicle, or
that are very close to the vehicle.
• Detect children, pedestrians,
bicyclists, or pets.
So if you do not use proper care before
backing up, you could hit a vehicle, child,
pedestrian, bicyclist, or pet, resulting in
vehicle damage, injury, or death. Even
though the vehicle has the URPA system,
always check carefully before backing up
by checking behind your vehicle.
The URPA display is
located near the
passenger side rear
window and can
be seen by looking over
your right shoulder.
The red light in the URPA display will also be lit if
the vehicle is in REVERSE (R). If the vehicle
has a Driver Information Center (DIC), PARKING
ASSIST OFF will display on the screen. URPA
automatically turns back on each time the vehicle
is started.
How the System Works
The URPA display has three color-coded lights.
The lights are used to provide distance and system
information, along with beeps that will be heard
through the speakers.
URPA can be turned off
by pressing the rear park
aid disable button
located next to the radio.
The indicator light will
come on to indicate that
URPA is off.
When the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R),
the rear display will briefly come on to let you
know the display is operating correctly. URPA
comes on automatically when the shift lever
is moved into REVERSE (R).
The system does not work at a reverse speed
greater than 5 mph (8 km/h). To remind you of this,
the red light on the rear display will flash.
223
How the System Works when Backing
If the shift lever is in REVERSE (R), URPA detects
objects close to the rear bumper. The first time an
object is detected a single beep will sound. If an
object is detected at a REVERSE (R) speed
between 0 mph (0 km/h) and 5 mph (8 km/h), the
following describes what will occur based on your
distance to a detected object located behind the
vehicle:
• At distances between 40 inches (1 m) and
8 ft (2.5 m), a single amber light will come on.
• At distances between 23 inches (0.6 m) and
40 inches (1 m), both amber lights will be on.
• At distances between 12 inches (0.3 m) and
23 inches (0.6 m), all three lights (amber/
amber/red) will be on.
• At distances less than 12 inches (0.3 m), a
beeping sound will repeat for a short time and
all three lights (amber/amber/red) will flash.
224
When the System Does Not Seem to
Work Properly
If the URPA system will not activate due to a
temporary condition, the message PARKING
ASSIST OFF will be displayed on the DIC screen
and a red light will come on the URPA display
when the shift lever is moved into REVERSE (R).
This occurs under the following conditions:
• The driver disables the system.
• The parking brake pedal is depressed.
• A trailer was attached to your vehicle, or a
bicycle or an object was hanging out of
your trunk during your last drive when you
turned off the vehicle. If the attached objects
are removed from your vehicle before the start
of your next drive, the system will return to
normal operation unless an object is detected
when the vehicle is shifted into REVERSE
(R). If this occurs, URPA assumes the object
is still attached, so you will have to wait
until the vehicle is driven forward above
15 mph (25 km/h) before URPA will return to
normal operation.
• The ultrasonic sensors are not kept clean. So,
be sure to keep your vehicle’s rear bumper
free of mud, dirt, snow, ice, and slush.
For cleaning instructions, see Washing Your
Vehicle on page 557. If the DIC still displays
the PARKING ASSIST OFF message
after cleaning the bumper and driving forward
at a speed of at least 15 mph (25 km/h),
see your dealer.
• Other conditions that may affect system
performance include vibrations from a
jackhammer or the compression of air brakes
on a very large truck or other mechanical
devices that interfere with URPA performance.
• When URPA is disabled without driver
action and the driver attempts to turn URPA
back on by pressing the rear park aid
button, the indicator light will flash for
3 seconds and then stay lit to indicate that
URPA is off.
For Driver Information Center messages related to
URPA, see DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 270.
If the vehicle bumper is damaged, the URPA
system may not work properly. Take the vehicle to
your dealer to repair the system.
Accessory Power Outlet(s)
Accessory power outlets can be used to
connect auxiliary electrical equipment, such as a
cellular telephone or CB radio. The outlet can
accept electrical equipment up to a maximum of
20 amperes.
There are four accessory power outlets. There are
two under the climate controls, one on the back
of the floor console and a additional accessory
power outlet in the rear cargo area on the
passenger side.
As always, drivers should use care when backing
up a vehicle. Always look behind you, being
sure to check for other vehicles, obstructions and
blind spots.
225
To use the power outlet, lift the spring cap and
insert electrical 12V device plug. To close
the power outlet, remove 12V electrical device
plug and the spring cap will close.
The accessory power outlets are powered, even
with the ignition off. Continuing to use power
outlets while the ignition is off may cause
the vehicle’s battery to run down.
Notice: If electrical devices are left plugged
into a power outlet, the battery may drain
causing your vehicle not to start or damage to
the battery. This would not be covered by
the warranty. Always unplug all electrical
devices when turning off your vehicle.
Certain power accessory plugs may not be
compatible to the accessory power outlet and
could result in blown adapter or vehicle fuses.
If you experience a problem, see your dealer for
additional information on the accessory power
plugs.
226
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to
your vehicle may damage it or keep other
components from working as they should. The
repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not use equipment exceeding
maximum amperage rating of 20 amperes.
Check with your dealer/retailer before adding
electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to
follow the proper installation instructions included
with the equipment. Do not use equipment
exceeding the maximum amperage rating of
20 amperes.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can
cause damage not covered by your warranty.
Do not hang any type of accessory or
accessory bracket from the plug because the
power outlets are designed for accessory
power plugs only.
Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter
Climate Controls
The front ashtray is located near the center of the
instrument panel or on the front console, if
equipped. Pull on the ashtray door to open it.
Climate Control System
Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other
flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes
or other smoking materials could ignite
them and possibly damage your vehicle. Never
put flammable items in the ashtray.
With this system you can control the heating,
cooling, defrost, defog and ventilation of
your vehicle.
To remove the front ashtray pull the ashtray up.
To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way,
and let go. When it’s ready, it will pop back out
by itself.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating does not let the lighter back
away from the heating element when it is hot.
Damage from overheating can occur to the
lighter or heating element, or a fuse could be
blown. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in while it
is heating.
Manual Operation
Turn the right knob clockwise or counterclockwise
to direct the airflow inside of your vehicle.
227
To change the current mode, select one of the
following:
H (Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument
The right knob can also be used to select defog or
defrost mode. For more information, see
“Defogging and Defrosting” later in this section.
panel outlets.
By positioning the right knob between two modes,
a combination of those two modes is selected.
) (Bi-Level): This mode directs half of the air to
The air conditioning compressor will be on unless
the outside temperature is close to freezing.
the instrument panel outlets and to the floor
outlets. The flow can be divided between vent and
floor outlets depending upon where the knob is
placed between the settings. A little air is directed
towards the windshield and side window outlets.
Cooler air is directed to the upper outlets and
warmer air to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air to
the floor outlets, with some of the air directed
to the windshield, side window outlets, and second
row floor outlets. In this mode, the system will
automatically select outside air. Recirculation
cannot be selected when in Floor Mode.
228
9 (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan
speed. Turn the knob all the way counterclockwise
to turn the front system off.
? (Recirculation): Press this button to turn the
recirculation mode on. When the button is pressed,
an indicator light will come on.
This mode keeps outside air from entering the
vehicle. It can be used to reduce outside air and
prevent odors from entering your vehicle.
Recirculation may also help cool the air inside your
vehicle more quickly once the temperature inside
the vehicle is less than the outside temperature.
The recirculation mode cannot be used with floor,
defrost, or defogging modes. If you try to select
recirculation in one of those modes, the indicator
will flash three times and turn off. The air
conditioning compressor will also come on when
this mode is activated. While in recirculation mode
the windows may fog when the weather is cold and
damp. To clear the fog, select either the defog or
defrost mode and increase the fan speed.
Recirculation mode can be turned off by pressing
the button again, or turning off the engine.
AUX (Auxiliary): Pressing this button will turn the
rear heating and air conditioning on. See Rear
Air Conditioning and Heating System on page 239
or Rear Air Conditioning and Heating System
and Electronic Climate Controls on page 240 for
more information.
Temperature Control: Rotate the thumbwheels
up or down to increase or decrease the temperature
on the driver’s side or the passenger side of the
vehicle for the dual zone system.
# (Air Conditioning): Press this button on the
left knob to turn the air conditioning system on or
off. When A/C is pressed, an indicator light will
come on to let you know that the air conditioning
has been activated.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside
air escape; then close them. This helps to reduce
the time it takes for your vehicle to cool down.
It also helps the system to operate more efficiently.
The air conditioning system removes moisture
from the air, so you may sometimes notice a small
amount of water dripping underneath your
vehicle while idling or after turning off the engine.
This is normal.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of the windows is a result of
high humidity (moisture) condensing on the
cool window glass. This can be minimized if the
climate control system is used properly. There are
two modes to clear fog or frost from your
windshield. Turn the right knob clockwise to select
the defog or defrost mode.
229
- (Defog): The defog mode is used to clear the
windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. This mode directs air to the
windshield, floor outlets, and side window vents.
When you select this mode, the system turns
off recirculation and runs the air conditioning
compressor unless the outside temperature is
close to freezing. The recirculation mode cannot
be selected while in the defog mode. Do not drive
the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
0 (Defrost): The defrost mode is used to
remove fog or frost from the windshield more
quickly. This mode directs a portion of the air to
the windshield and side window vents and some to
the floor vents. In this mode, the system will
automatically force outside air into your vehicle.
The recirculation mode cannot be selected while in
the defrost mode. The air conditioning compressor
will run automatically in this setting, unless the
outside temperature is close to freezing. Do
not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
230
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
< (Rear Window Defogger): Press this button
on the right knob to turn on the rear window
defogger. The system will automatically turn off
several minutes after it has been activated. The
defogger can also be turned off by pressing the
button again or by turning off the engine. Do not
drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
If your vehicle has heated outside rearview mirrors,
the mirrors will heat to help clear fog or frost
from the surface of the mirror when the rear
window defog button is pressed.
Notice: Do not use anything sharp on the
inside of the rear window. If you do, you could
cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Do not attach a temporary vehicle license,
tape, a decal or anything similar to the
defogger grid.
Dual Automatic Climate Control
System
With this system, you can control the heating,
cooling, and ventilation in your vehicle. Your
vehicle also has a flow-through ventilation system
described later in this section.
Driver’s Side Temperature Control
The driver’s side temperature buttons are used to
adjust the temperature of the air coming through
the system on the driver’s side. The temperature
can be adjusted even if the system is turned
off. This is possible since outside air will always
flow through the system as the vehicle is moving
forward unless it is set to recirculation mode.
See “Recirculation” later in this section.
Press the + or − buttons to increase or decrease
the cabin temperature. The driver side
temperature display will show the temperature
setting decreasing or increasing.
You can select different climate control settings for
the driver and passengers.
231
Passenger’s Side Temperature Control
Automatic Operation
The passenger’s temperature buttons can be used
to change the temperature of the air coming
through the system on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. The temperature can be adjusted even
if the system is turned off. This is possible
since outside air will always flow through the
system as the vehicle is moving forward unless it
is set to recirculation mode. See “Recirculation”
later in this section.
AUTO (Automatic): When automatic operation is
active the system will control the inside
temperature, the air delivery, and the fan speed.
Press the + or − buttons to increase or decrease
the cabin temperature. The passenger side
display will show the temperature setting
decreasing or increasing.
The passenger’s temperature setting can be set to
match the driver’s temperature setting by pressing
the PASS button and turning off the PASS indicator.
When the passenger’s temperature setting is set
different than the driver’s setting, the indicator on
the PASS button will illuminate and both the driver’s
side and passenger’s side temperature displays will
be shown.
232
Use the steps below to place the entire system in
automatic mode:
1. Press the AUTO button.
When AUTO is selected, the display will
change to show the current temperature(s)
and AUTO will be lit on the display. The
current delivery mode and fan speed will also
be displayed for approximately 5 seconds.
When AUTO is selected, the air conditioning
operation and air inlet will be automatically
controlled. The air conditioning compressor will
run when the outside temperature is over
about 40°F (4°C). The air inlet will normally be
set to outside air. If it is hot outside, the air
inlet may automatically switch to recirculate
inside air to help quickly cool down your
vehicle. The light on the button will illuminate
in recirculation.
2. Set the driver’s and passenger’s temperature.
To find your comfort setting, start with a 74°F
(23°C) temperature setting and allow about
20 minutes for the system to regulate. Use the
driver’s or passenger’s temperature buttons to
adjust the temperature setting as necessary. If
you choose the temperature setting of 60°F
(15°C), the system will remain at the maximum
cooling setting. If you choose the temperature
setting of 90°F (32°C), the system will remain
at the maximum heat setting. Choosing either
maximum setting will not cause the vehicle to
heat or cool any faster.
Be careful not to cover the solar sensor located on
the top of the instrument panel near the
windshield. This sensor regulates air temperature
based on sun load and also turns on your
headlamps. For more information on the solar
sensor, see “Sensors” later in this section.
To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the
system will delay turning on the fan until warm air
is available. The length of delay depends on
the engine coolant temperature. Pressing the fan
switch will override this delay and change the
fan to a selected speed.
O (On/Off): Press this button to turn off the
climate control system. Outside air will still enter
the vehicle, and will be directed to the floor.
This direction can be changed by pressing the
mode button. Recirculation can be selected once
you have selected vent or bi-level mode. The
temperature can also be adjusted using either
temperature button. If you adjust the air delivery
mode or temperature settings with the system
off, the display will illuminate briefly to show you
the settings and then return off. Press the
on/off button or the up down arrows on the fan
switch, the defrost button, AUTO button, or the air
conditioning button to turn the system on when
it is off.
233
Manual Operation
You may manually adjust the air delivery mode or
fan speed.
y9 z (Fan): The buttons with the fan symbols
allow you to manually adjust the fan speed.
Press the up arrow to increase fan speed and the
down arrow to decrease fan speed.
Pressing one of these buttons when the system is
off will turn the system on. Pressing one of
these buttons when in automatic control will place
the fan under manual control. The fan setting
will remain displayed and the AUTO light will turn
off. The air delivery mode will remain under
automatic control.
yN z (Mode): Press the mode up and down
buttons to manually change the direction of
the airflow in your vehicle. Repeatedly press the
button until the desired mode appears on the
display. Pressing one of these buttons when the
system is off will change air delivery mode without
turning the system on. Pressing one of these
buttons when in automatic control will place the
mode under manual control.
234
The air delivery mode setting will be displayed and
the AUTO light will turn off. The fan will remain
under automatic control.
H (Vent): This setting will deliver air to the
instrument panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level): This mode directs half of the air to
the instrument panel outlets and half to the floor
outlets. The flow can be divided between vent and
floor outlets depending upon where the knob is
placed between the settings. A little air is directed
towards the windshield and side window outlets.
Cooler air is directed to the upper outlets and
warmer air to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air to
the floor outlets, with some of the air directed
to the windshield, side window outlets, and second
row floor outlets. In this mode, the system will
automatically select outside air.
- (Defog): See “Defogging and Defrosting” later
in this section.
@ (Recirculation): Press this button to turn the
recirculation mode on. When the button is
pressed, an indicator light will come on.
This mode keeps outside air from entering the
vehicle. It can be used to reduce outside air and
prevent odors from entering your vehicle.
Recirculation may also help cool the air inside
your vehicle more quickly once the temperature
inside the vehicle is less than the outside
temperature.
The recirculation mode cannot be used with floor,
defrost, or defogging modes. If you try to select
recirculation in one of those modes, the indicator
will flash three times and turn off. The air
conditioning compressor will also come on when
this mode is activated. While in recirculation mode
the windows may fog when the weather is cold
and damp. To clear the fog, select either the defog
or defrost mode and increase the fan speed.
Recirculation mode can be turned off by pressing
the button again, or turning off the engine.
Air Conditioning
# (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn
the air conditioning (A/C) compressor on and
off. When air conditioning is selected, an indicator
light will come on to let you know that the air
conditioning has been activated.
Pressing this button when the outside temperature
is too cool for air conditioning will make the air
conditioning indicator flash three times and
then turn off to let you know the air conditioning
mode is not available. If the air conditioning
is on and the outside temperature drops below a
temperature which is too cool for air conditioning
to be effective, the air conditioning light will turn off
to show that the air conditioning mode has been
canceled.
On hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot inside air escape. This helps to reduce the
time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also
helps the system to operate more efficiently.
The air conditioning system removes moisture from
the air, so you may sometimes notice a small
amount of water dripping underneath your vehicle
while idling or after turning off the engine. This
is normal.
235
Sensors
The solar sensor, located in the defrost grille in
the middle of the instrument panel, monitors
the solar radiation. Do not cover the solar sensor
or the system will not work properly.
The interior temperature sensors located in the
headliner above the driver side seat and in
the headliner above the second row seats
measure the temperature of the air inside your
vehicle.
There is also an exterior temperature sensor
located behind the front grille. This sensor reads
the outside air temperature and helps maintain the
temperature inside the vehicle. Any cover on
the front of the vehicle could cause a false reading
in the displayed temperature.
236
The climate control system uses the information
from these sensors to maintain your comfort setting
by adjusting the outlet temperature, fan speed, and
the air delivery mode. The system may also supply
cooler air to the side of the vehicle facing the sun.
The recirculation mode will also be used as needed
to maintain cool outlet temperatures.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fog on the inside of the windows is a result of high
humidity (moisture) condensing on the cool window
glass. This can be minimized if the climate control
system is used properly. There are two modes to
clear fog or frost from your windshield.
Use the mode up and down arrows to select the
defog or defrost modes.
- (Defog): The defog mode is used to clear the
windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. This mode directs air to the
windshield, floor outlets, and side window vents.
When you select this mode, the system turns off
recirculation and runs the air conditioning
compressor unless the outside temperature is close
to freezing. The recirculation mode cannot be
selected while in the defog mode. Do not drive the
vehicle until all the windows are clear.
0 (Defrost): Press this button to remove fog or
frost from the windshield more quickly. This
mode directs a portion of the air to the windshield
and side window vents and some to the floor
vents. In this mode, the system will automatically
force outside air into your vehicle. The
recirculation mode cannot be selected while in the
defrost mode. The air conditioning compressor
will run automatically in this setting, unless
the outside temperature is close to freezing. Do
not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
Rear Window Defogger
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
< (Rear Window Defogger): Press this button
to turn on the rear window defogger. It will
automatically turn off several minutes after it has
been activated. The defogger can also be
turned off by pressing the button again or by
turning off the engine. Do not drive the vehicle until
all the windows are clear.
237
If your vehicle has heated outside rearview
mirrors, the mirrors will heat to help clear fog or
frost from the surface of the mirror when the
rear window defog button is pressed.
Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp
object to clear the inside rear window. Do not
adhere anything to the defogger grid lines
in the rear glass. These actions may damage
the rear defogger. Repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
Outlet Adjustment
Use the air outlets located in the center and on
the side of your instrument panel to direct
the airflow.
238
Operation Tips
• Keep the hood and front air inlets free of ice,
snow, or any other obstruction (such as
leaves). The heater and defroster will work far
better, reducing the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
• When you enter a vehicle in cold weather,
press the fan up button to the maximum
fan level before driving. This helps clear the
intake ducts of snow and moisture, and
reduces the chance of fogging the inside of
your window.
• Keep the air path under the front seats clear
of objects. This helps air to circulate
throughout your vehicle.
• Adding outside equipment to the front of your
vehicle, such as hood-air deflectors, may
affect the performance of the heating and air
conditioning system. Check with your
dealer before adding equipment to the outside
of your vehicle.
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System
If your vehicle has this system, the rear controls
are three knobs located in the headliner. The
system can be controlled from the front controls
as well as the rear controls.
To turn the system on, press the AUX button on
the front climate control system, an indicator will be
lit. Pressing the AUX button the first time will
turn the rear system on in a mimic mode. In this
mode, the airflow in the rear will be approximately
the same direction, temperature, and fan speed
as the front. Pressing the AUX button again
will turn the rear system and the indicator off.
If the rear controls are adjusted, the system will
enter a rear independent mode. Airflow in the rear
will then be directed according to the settings of
rear controls. The rear system can be turned off by
pressing the AUX button on the front climate
control system and the indicator will turn off.
Fan Knob
Turn the left knob clockwise or counterclockwise
to increase or decrease the fan speed. Turn
the knob all the way counterclockwise to turn the
rear system off.
Temperature Knob
The middle knob on the control panel lets you
select the temperature of the air flowing into the
passenger area. Turn the knob clockwise
toward the red area for warmer air. Turn the knob
counterclockwise toward the blue area for
cooler air.
239
Mode Knob
The right knob on the control panel allows you to
choose the direction of air delivery.
H (Vent): This setting directs the air through the
headliner outlets.
) (Bi-Level): Air is delivered through the floor
outlets as well as the headliner outlets. The
rear system floor outlets are located directly behind
the second row seats. The flow can be divided
between vent and floor outlets depending
upon where the knob is placed between the
settings.
6 (Floor): This setting directs most of the air
through the floor outlets. The rear system
floor outlets are located directly behind the second
row seats.
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System and Electronic Climate
Controls
If your vehicle has this system, the rear heat and
air conditioning controls are integrated with the
rear seat audio controls located in the center
console. The system can be controlled from the
front controls as well as the rear controls.
To turn the system on, press the AUX button on
the front climate control system, an indicator will be
lit. Pressing the AUX button the first time will
turn the rear system on in a mimic mode. In this
mode, the airflow in the rear will be approximately
the same direction, temperature, and fan speed
as the front. Pressing the AUX button again
will turn the rear system and the indicator off.
If the rear controls are adjusted, the system will
enter a rear independent mode. Airflow in the rear
will then be directed according to the settings of
rear controls. The rear system can be turned off by
pressing the AUX button on the front climate
control system and the indicator will turn off.
If the indicator in the front AUX button is off, the
rear system is off.
240
+/− (Increase/Decrease Temperature): Press
the + or − buttons to increase or decrease
the cabin temperature. The rear control
temperature display will show the temperature
setting decreasing or increasing.
The display will only indicate climate control
functions when the system is in rear
independent mode.
Manual Operation
Rear Climate Control with Rear Seat Audio Controls
Automatic Operation
AUTO: Press the mode button until this setting is
selected to control the inside temperature, the
air delivery, and the fan speed. AUTO will
illuminate in the display when automatic operation
is active.
y9 z (Fan): The fan buttons on the rear seat
audio control panel allows you to manually
adjust the fan speed. To decrease airflow, press
the button with the fan and down arrow symbol.
Pressing the fan up button when the system is off
will turn the system on. The air delivery mode
will remain under automatic control. To turn
the rear system off, keep pressing the button with
the fan and down arrow symbol.
241
+/− (Increase/Decrease Temperature): These
buttons select the temperature of the air flowing into
the passenger area. Press the + button for warmer
air and press the − button for cooler air.
N (Mode): Press the mode button to manually
change the direction of the airflow in your vehicle.
Repeatedly press the button until the desired
mode appears on the display. Multiple presses will
cycle through the delivery selections.
Warning Lights, Gages, and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages on
your vehicle. The pictures help to locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something
is wrong before it becomes serious enough to
cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying
attention to the warning lights and gages could also
save you or others from injury.
242
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As
the details show on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they are working. If
you are familiar with this section, you should
not be alarmed when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often
gages and warning lights work together to let
you know when there is a problem with your
vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and
stays on as you are driving, or when one of
the gages shows there may be a problem, check
the section that tells you what to do about it.
Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do
repairs can be costly and even dangerous. So
please get to know your vehicle’s warning
lights and gages. They can be a big help.
Your vehicle also has a Driver Information Center
(DIC) that works along with warning lights and
gages. See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 270 for more information.
Instrument Panel Cluster
United States version shown. Canada similar.
Your instrument cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You will
know how fast you are going, about how much fuel you have and many other things you will need to know
to drive safely and economically.
243
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed
in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per
hour (km/h).
Your tachometer displays the engine speed in
revolutions per minute (rpm).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United
States) or kilometers (used in Canada).
Trip Odometer
The trip odometer can tell you how far your
vehicle has been driven since you last set the trip
odometer to zero.
Press the reset button, located on the instrument
panel cluster next to the trip odometer display,
to toggle between the trip odometer and the
regular odometer. Holding the reset button for
approximately one second while the trip odometer
is displayed will reset it.
To display the odometer reading with the ignition
off, press the reset button.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a
chime will sound for several seconds to remind
people to buckle their safety belts. The driver
safety belt light will also come on and stay on for
several seconds. Then it will flash for several
more. You should buckle your seat belt.
This chime and light will
be repeated if the driver
remains unbuckled
and the vehicle
is in motion.
If the driver’s belt is buckled, neither the chime nor
the light will come on.
See Passenger Sensing System on page 101 for
more information.
244
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder
Light
Several seconds after the key is turned to RUN or
START, a chime will sound for several seconds
to remind the front passenger to buckle their safety
belt. The passenger safety belt light will also
come on and stay on for several seconds, then it
will flash for several more.
This chime and light will
be repeated if the
passenger remains
unbuckled and
the vehicle is in motion.
If the passenger’s safety belt is buckled, neither
the chime nor the light will come on.
Airbag Readiness Light
There is an airbag readiness light on the
instrument panel, which shows the airbag symbol.
The system checks the airbag’s electrical
system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there
is an electrical problem. The system check
includes the airbag sensors, the airbag modules,
the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic
module. For more information on the airbag
system, see Airbag System on page 90.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash
for a few seconds.
Then the light should go out. This means the
system is ready.
245
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator
{CAUTION:
If the airbag readiness light stays on after
you start your vehicle, it means the airbag
system may not be working properly. The
airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in
a crash, or they could even inflate without
a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself
or others, have your vehicle serviced right
away if the airbag readiness light stays on
after you start your vehicle.
If the airbag readiness light stays on after you
start the vehicle or comes on when you are driving,
your airbag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a
few seconds when you turn the ignition key to
RUN. If the light does not come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is
a problem.
246
Your vehicle has the passenger sensing system.
Your overhead console has a passenger airbag
status indicator.
United States
Canada
When the ignition key is turned to RUN or START,
the passenger airbag status indicator will light
ON and OFF, or the symbol for on and off,
for several seconds as a system check. Then,
after several more seconds, the status indicator
will light either ON or OFF, or either the on
or off symbol, to let you know the status of the
right front passenger’s frontal airbag.
If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the
passenger airbag status indicator, it means that
the right front passenger’s frontal airbag is enabled
(may inflate).
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the on indicator comes on when you
have a rear-facing child restraint installed
in the right front passenger’s seat, it means
that the passenger sensing system has not
turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag. A
child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s airbag inflates. This is
because the back of the rear-facing child
restraint would be very close to the
inflating airbag. Do not use a rear-facing
child restraint in the right front passenger’s
seat if the airbag is turned on.
Even though the passenger sensing
system is designed to turn off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag if the
system detects a rear-facing child
restraint, no system is fail-safe, and no
one can guarantee that an airbag will not
deploy under some unusual circumstance,
even though it is turned off. We
recommend that rear-facing child
restraints be secured in the rear seat,
even if the airbag is off.
Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate
a rear-facing child restraint. A label on your sun
visor says, “Never put a rear-facing child seat
in the front.” This is because the risk to the
rear-facing child is so great, if the airbag deploys.
If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the
airbag status indicator, it means that the
passenger sensing system has turned off the right
front passenger’s frontal airbag. See Passenger
Sensing System on page 101 for more on
this, including important safety information.
247
If, after several seconds, all status indicator lights
remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there
may be a problem with the lights or the passenger
sensing system. See your dealer for service.
{CAUTION:
If the off indicator and the airbag
readiness light ever come on together, it
means that something may be wrong with
the airbag system. If this ever happens,
have the vehicle serviced promptly,
because an adult-size person sitting in the
right front passenger seat may not have
the protection of the frontal airbag. See
Airbag Readiness Light on page 245.
Charging System Light
The charging system
light will come on briefly
when you turn on the
ignition, but the engine is
not running, as a check
to show you it is working.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it
stays on, or comes on while you are driving,
you may have a problem with the charging system.
It could indicate that you have problems with the
generator, the generator drive belt, or another
electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this light is on could drain your
battery.
When this light comes on, the Driver Information
Center (DIC) will also display the SERVICE
BATTERY NOT CHARGING SYSTEM message.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 270 for
more information.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as
the radio and air conditioner, to reduce the drain on
your battery.
248
Voltmeter Gage
When your engine is not
running, but the ignition
is in RUN, this gage
shows your battery’s
state of charge in
DC volts.
This condition is normal since the charging system
is not able to provide full power at engine idle.
As engine speeds are increased, this condition
should correct itself as higher engine speeds allow
the charging system to create full power. If
there is a problem with the battery charging
system, this light will come on or the SERVICE
BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM DIC message will
display. See DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 270 and Charging System Light on page 248
for more information.
Brake System Warning Light
When the engine is running, the gage shows the
condition of the charging system. The charging
system regulates voltage based on the state of the
battery for improved fuel economy and battery
life. The gage may transition from a higher to lower
or a lower to higher reading, this is normal.
Readings between the low and high warning zones
indicate the normal operating range.
Readings in the low warning zone may occur
when a large number of electrical accessories are
operating in the vehicle and the engine is left at
an idle for an extended period.
With the ignition on, the brake system warning
light will come on when you set the parking brake.
If you try to drive with the parking brake engaged,
a chime will sound when the vehicle speed is
greater than 5 mph (8 km/h).
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided
into two parts. If one part is not working, the other
part can still work and stop you. For good
braking, though, you need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on and a chime
sounds there could be a brake problem. Have
your brake system inspected right away.
249
This light may also come on due to low brake
fluid. See Brakes on page 486 for more
information.
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn
the ignition key to RUN. If it does not come
on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn
you if there is a problem.
250
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light
is on. Driving with the brake system
warning light on can lead to an accident.
If the light is still on after you have pulled
off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off
the road and stop carefully. You may notice
that the pedal is harder to push or may go closer
to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the
light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service.
See Towing Your Vehicle on page 417.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light
With the Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS), this
light will come on when
you start your engine
and may stay on for
several seconds.
If the regular brake system warning light is also on
you do not have ABS and there is a problem
with your regular brakes. In addition to both lights,
you will also hear a chime sound on the first
occurrence of a problem and each time the vehicle
is shut off and then restarted. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 249.
The ABS warning light should come on briefly
when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light
does not come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
That is normal. If the light does not come on then,
have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if
there is a problem.
If the light stays on, or comes on when you are
driving, your vehicle needs service. A chime
will sound when the light stays on. If the regular
brake system warning light is not on, you still have
brakes, but you do not have ABS.
251
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
If equipped, this warning
light should come on
briefly when the engine
is started.
If the warning light does not come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a
problem. If it stays on, or comes on when you are
driving, there may be a problem with your
StabiliTrak® system and your vehicle may need
service. When this warning light is on, the system
is off and will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your
driving accordingly.
This light will also flash when the StabiliTrak®
system is active.
If the StabiliTrak® system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time
when the system is turned on, your vehicle needs
service. See StabiliTrak® System on page 363
for more information.
252
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.
It also provides an indicator of how hard your
vehicle is working. During a majority of the
operation, the gage will read 210°F (100°C) or less.
If you are pulling a load or going up hills, it is normal
for the temperature to fluctuate and approach the
250°F (122°C) mark. If the gage reaches the 260°F
(125°C) mark, it indicates that the cooling system is
working beyond its capacity.
See Engine Overheating on page 473.
Tire Pressure Light
This light will come on
briefly when you turn
the ignition to RUN.
This light will also come on when one or more of
your tires are significantly underinflated.
If your vehicle has a Driver Information Center
(DIC), a CHECK TIRE PRESSURE DIC message
will accompany the light. See DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 270 for more information.
Stop and check your tires as soon as it is safe to do
so. If underinflated, inflate to the proper pressure.
See Tires on page 507 for more information.
This light will flash for 60 seconds and then turn on
solid if a problem is detected with the Tire Pressure
Monitor system.
See Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 516 for
more information.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Check Engine Light
Your vehicle has a
computer which
monitors operation of
the fuel, ignition,
and emission control
systems.
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended
to assure that emissions are at acceptable
levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce
a cleaner environment. The check engine light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and
service is required. Malfunctions often will be
indicated by the system before any problem is
apparent. This may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle. This system is also designed to
assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
253
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with
this light on, after awhile, the emission controls
might not work as well, your vehicle’s fuel
economy might not be as good, and the engine
might not run as smoothly. This could lead
to costly repairs that might not be covered by
your warranty.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transmission, exhaust, intake, or fuel system
of your vehicle or the replacement of the
original tires with other than those of the same
Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect
your vehicle’s emission controls and can cause
this light to come on. Modifications to these
systems could lead to costly repairs not
covered by your warranty. This could also
result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories
and Modifications on page 444.
This light should come on, as a check to show
you it is working, when the ignition is on and the
engine is not running. If the light does not
come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in
one of two ways:
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has
been detected. A misfire increases vehicle
emissions and may damage the emission
control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis and
service may be required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control
system malfunction has been detected on your
vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
If the Light is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage
to your vehicle:
• Reducing vehicle speed
• Avoiding hard accelerations
• Avoiding steep uphill grades
• If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount
of cargo being hauled as soon as it is
possible
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady,
see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.
254
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do
so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park
your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least
10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light
remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady”
following. If the light is still flashing, follow the
previous steps, and see your dealer for service as
soon as possible.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully
install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 451.
The diagnostic system can determine if the
fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. A
loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips
with the cap properly installed should turn the
light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The
condition will usually be corrected when the
electrical system dries out. A few driving trips
should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel.
See Gasoline Octane on page 447. Poor fuel
quality will cause your engine not to run as
efficiently as designed. You may notice this as
stalling after start-up, stalling when you put
the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is
warmed up.) This will be detected by the system
and cause the light to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at
least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the
light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light
turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle.
Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
255
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Oil Pressure Gage
Some state/provincial and local governments have
or may begin programs to inspect the emission
control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass
this inspection could prevent you from getting a
vehicle registration.
Here are some things you need to know to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the
check engine light is on or not working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if
the OBD (on-board diagnostic) system determines
that critical emission control systems have not
been completely diagnosed by the system.
The vehicle would be considered not ready for
inspection. This can happen if you have recently
replaced your battery or if your battery has
run down. The diagnostic system is designed to
evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and
your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for
lack of OBD system readiness, your dealer
can prepare the vehicle for inspection.
256
United States
Canada
The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil
pressure in psi (pounds per square inch) when the
engine is running. Canadian vehicles indicate
pressure in kPa (kilopascals).
Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside
temperature and oil viscosity, but readings
above the low pressure zone indicate the normal
operating range. When the oil pressure reaches
the low pressure zone, the OIL PRESSURE LOW
STOP ENGINE message will appear in the
Driver Information Center (DIC). See DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 270 and Engine
Oil on page 459 for more information.
A reading in the low pressure zone may be
caused by a dangerously low oil level or some
other problem causing low oil pressure. Check
your oil as soon as possible.
Oil Pressure Light
This light will come on
briefly when you start
your engine.
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is
low. If you do, your engine can become so
hot that it catches fire. You or others
could be burned. Check your oil as soon
as possible and have your vehicle
serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is
low. If you do, your engine can become so
hot that it catches fire. You or others could
be burned. Check your oil as soon as
possible and have your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance
may damage the engine. The repairs would
not be covered by your warranty. Always follow
the maintenance schedule in this manual for
changing engine oil.
257
That is a check to be sure the light works. If it
does not come on, be sure to have it fixed so it will
be there to warn you if something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means
that oil is not flowing through your engine
properly. You could be low on oil and you might
have some other system problem.
Fog Lamp Light
The fog lamp light will
come on when the fog
lamps are in use.
Security Light
This light flashes when
the vehicle security
system is activated.
The light will go out when the fog lamps are
turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 218 for more
information.
Cruise Control Light
This light comes on
whenever you set the
cruise control.
The light goes out when the cruise control is
turned off. See Cruise Control on page 211 for
more information.
258
Highbeam On Light
Fuel Gage
This light comes on
when the high-beam
headlamps are in use.
See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on
page 207 for more information.
United States
Canada
Tow/Haul Mode Light
This light is displayed
when the Tow/Haul
mode has been
activated.
For more information, see Towing a Trailer on
page 422 and Tow/Haul Mode on page 149.
The fuel gage, when the ignition is on, tells you
about how much fuel you have left in your tank.
The gage will first indicate empty before you
are out of fuel, and you should get more fuel as
soon as possible.
When the fuel tank is low, the FUEL LEVEL LOW
message will appear in the Driver Information
Center (DIC). See DIC Warnings and Messages
on page 270 for more information.
259
Here are some situations you may experience with
your fuel gage. None of these indicate a problem
with the fuel gage.
• At the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off
before the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than
the fuel gage indicated. For example, the
gage may have indicated the tank was half full,
but it actually took a little more or less than
half the tank’s capacity to fill the tank.
• The gage goes back to empty when you turn
off the ignition.
Low Fuel Warning Light
This light, under the fuel
gage, will come on
briefly when you
are starting the engine.
This light and a chime will come on when the fuel
tank is low on fuel. There will also be a “FUEL
LEVEL LOW” message on the Driver Information
Center, see DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 270 for more information. When you add fuel
this light and message should go off. If it does
not, have your vehicle serviced.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
Your vehicle has a Driver Information Center (DIC).
The DIC displays information about your vehicle. It
also displays warning messages if a system
problem is detected.
All messages will appear in the DIC display
located below the tachometer in the instrument
panel cluster.
The DIC comes on when the ignition is on. After a
short delay, the DIC will display the information
that was last displayed before the engine was
turned off.
If your vehicle has DIC buttons, see “DIC
Operation and Displays (With DIC Buttons)” later
in this section and DIC Vehicle Customization
(With DIC Buttons) on page 280 for the displays
available.
260
If your vehicle does not have DIC buttons, see
“DIC Operation and Displays (Without DIC
Buttons)” later in this section for the displays
available.
DIC Operation and Displays (With
DIC Buttons)
If your vehicle has DIC buttons, the information
below explains the operation of this system.
DIC Buttons
The buttons are the
trip/fuel, vehicle
information,
customization, and
set/reset buttons. The
button functions
are detailed in the
following pages.
The DIC has different displays which can be
accessed by pressing the DIC buttons located on
the instrument panel, next to the steering
wheel.
The DIC displays trip, fuel, and vehicle system
information, and warning messages if a system
problem is detected.
The DIC also allows some features to be
customized. See DIC Vehicle Customization (With
DIC Buttons) on page 280 for more information.
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to display the
odometer, trip odometer, fuel range, average
economy, fuel used, timer, and transmission
temperature. Some vehicles also display
instantaneous economy and an Active Fuel
Management™ indicator.
If your vehicle has DIC buttons, you can also use
the trip odometer reset stem to view some of
the DIC displays. See “DIC Operation and Displays
(Without DIC Buttons)” later in this section.
261
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button to
display the oil life, units, tire pressure readings for
vehicles with a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, engine hours, Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system programming for vehicles with a TPM
system, and Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter programming.
U (Customization): Press this button to
customize the feature settings on your vehicle. See
DIC Vehicle Customization (With DIC Buttons) on
page 280 for more information.
V (Set/Reset): Press this button to set or reset
certain functions and to turn off or acknowledge
messages on the DIC.
Trip/Fuel Menu Items
3 (Trip/Fuel): Press this button to scroll
through the following menu items:
Odometer
Press the trip/fuel button until ODOMETER
displays. This display shows the distance the
vehicle has been driven in either miles (mi)
or kilometers (km). Pressing the trip odometer
reset stem will also display the odometer.
262
To switch between English and metric
measurements, see “Units” later in this section.
Trip Odometer
Press the trip/fuel button until TRIP displays. This
display shows the current distance traveled in
either miles (mi) or kilometers (km) since the last
reset for the trip odometer. Pressing the trip
odometer reset stem will also display the trip
odometer.
The trip odometer can be reset to zero by pressing
the set/reset button while the trip odometer is
displayed. You can also reset the trip odometer
while it is displayed by pressing and holding
the trip odometer reset stem.
The trip odometer has a feature called the
retro-active reset. This can be used to set the trip
odometer to the number of miles (kilometers)
driven since the ignition was last turned on. This
can be used if the trip odometer is not reset at the
beginning of the trip.
To use the retro-active reset feature, press and
hold the set/reset button for at least four seconds.
The trip odometer will display the number of
miles (mi) or kilometers (km) driven since the
ignition was last turned on and the vehicle
was moving. Once the vehicle begins moving, the
trip odometer will accumulate mileage. For
example, if the vehicle was driven 5 miles (8 km)
before it is started again, and then the retro-active
reset feature is activated, the display will show
5 miles (8 km). As the vehicle begins moving, the
display will then increase to 5.1 miles (8.2 km),
5.2 miles (8.4 km), etc.
The fuel range estimate is based on an average of
the vehicle’s fuel economy over recent driving
history and the amount of fuel remaining in the fuel
tank. This estimate will change if driving
conditions change. For example, if driving in traffic
and making frequent stops, this display may
read one number, but if the vehicle is driven on a
freeway, the number may change even though
the same amount of fuel is in the fuel tank. This is
because different driving conditions produce
different fuel economies. Generally, freeway
driving produces better fuel economy than city
driving. Fuel range cannot be reset.
If the retro-active reset feature is activated after
the vehicle is started, but before it begins moving,
the display will show the number of miles (mi)
or kilometers (km) that were driven during the last
ignition cycle.
Average Economy
Fuel Range
Press the trip/fuel button until FUEL RANGE
displays. This display shows the approximate
number of remaining miles (mi) or kilometers (km)
the vehicle can be driven without refueling. The
display will show LOW if the fuel level is low.
Press the trip/fuel button until AVG ECONOMY
displays. This display shows the approximate
average miles per gallon (mpg) or liters per
100 kilometers (L/100 km). This number is
calculated based on the number of mpg (L/100 km)
recorded since the last time this menu item was
reset. To reset AVG ECONOMY, press and
hold the set/reset button.
263
Fuel Used
Transmission Temperature
Press the trip/fuel button until FUEL USED
displays. This display shows the number of
gallons (gal) or liters (L) of fuel used since the last
reset of this menu item. To reset the fuel used
information, press and hold the set/reset button
while FUEL USED is displayed.
Press the trip/fuel button until TRANS TEMP
displays. This display shows the temperature of the
automatic transmission fluid in either degrees
Fahrenheit (°F) or degrees Celsius (°C).
Timer
If your vehicle has this display, press the trip/fuel
button until INST ECONOMY V8 MODE displays.
This display shows the current fuel economy at a
particular moment and will change frequently as
driving conditions change. This display shows
the instantaneous fuel economy in miles per
gallon (mpg) or liters per 100 kilometers
(L/100 km). Unlike average economy, this
screen cannot be reset.
An Active Fuel Management™ indicator will
display on the right side of the DIC, while
INST ECONOMY displays on the left side. Active
Fuel Management™ allows the engine to operate
on either four or eight cylinders, depending on your
driving demands. When Active Fuel Management™
is active, V4 MODE will display on the DIC. When
Active Fuel Management™ is inactive, V8 MODE
will display. See Active Fuel Management™ on
page 145 for more information.
Press the trip/fuel button until TIMER displays.
This display can be used as a timer.
To start the timer, press the set/reset button while
TIMER is displayed. The display will show the
amount of time that has passed since the timer was
last reset, not including time the ignition is off.
Time will continue to be counted as long as the
ignition is on, even if another display is being shown
on the DIC. The timer will record up to 99 hours,
59 minutes and 59 seconds (99:59:59) after which
the display will return to zero.
To stop the timer, press the set/reset button briefly
while TIMER is displayed.
To reset the timer to zero, press and hold the
set/reset button while TIMER is displayed.
264
Instantaneous Economy and Active Fuel
Management™ Indicator
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
Vehicle Information Menu Items
T (Vehicle Information): Press this button to
scroll through the following menu items:
Oil Life
Press the vehicle information button until OIL LIFE
REMAINING displays. This display shows an
estimate of the oil’s remaining useful life. If you see
99% OIL LIFE REMAINING on the display, that
means 99% of the current oil life remains. The
engine oil life system will alert you to change your
oil on a schedule consistent with your driving
conditions.
When the remaining oil life is low, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message will appear on the
display. See “CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON” under
DIC Warnings and Messages on page 270. You
should change your oil as soon as you can. See
Engine Oil on page 459. In addition to the engine oil
life system monitoring the oil life, additional
maintenance is recommended in the Maintenance
Schedule in this manual. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 579 for more information.
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE display
yourself after each oil change. It will not reset
itself. Also, be careful not to reset the OIL LIFE
display accidentally at any time other than
when the oil has just been changed. It cannot be
reset accurately until the next oil change. To
reset the engine oil life system, see Engine Oil
Life System on page 462.
Units
Press the vehicle information button until UNITS
displays. This display allows you to select between
English or Metric units of measurement. Once in
this display, press the set/reset button to select
between ENGLISH or METRIC units. All of the
vehicle information will then be displayed in the unit
of measurement selected.
Tire Pressure
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, the pressure for each tire can be viewed in
the DIC. The tire pressure will be shown in either
pounds per square inch (psi) or kilopascals (kPa).
Press the vehicle information button until the DIC
displays FRONT TIRES PSI (kPa) LEFT ##
RIGHT ##. Press the vehicle information button
again until the DIC displays REAR TIRES PSI (kPa)
LEFT ## RIGHT ##.
265
If a low or high tire pressure condition is detected
by the system while driving, a message advising
you to check the pressure in a specific tire
will appear in the display. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 515 and DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 270 for more information.
If the tire pressure display shows dashes
instead of a value, there may be a problem with
your vehicle. If this consistently occurs, see
your dealer for service.
Engine Hours
Press the vehicle information button until ENGINE
HOURS displays. This display shows the total
number of hours the engine has run.
Relearn Tire Positions
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, after rotating the tires or after replacing
a tire or sensor, the system must re-learn the tire
positions. To re-learn the tire positions, see
Tire Pressure Monitor System on page 516. See
Tire Inspection and Rotation on page 521 and DIC
Warnings and Messages on page 270 for more
information.
266
Relearn Remote Key
This display allows you to match Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitters to your vehicle. To
match an RKE transmitter to your vehicle, do the
following:
1. Press the vehicle information button until
PRESS V TO RELEARN REMOTE KEY
displays.
2. Press the set/reset button until REMOTE KEY
LEARNING ACTIVE is displayed.
3. Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons
on the first transmitter at the same time for
about 15 seconds.
On vehicles with memory recall seats, the first
transmitter learned will match driver 1 and
the second will match driver 2.
A chime will sound indicating that the
transmitter is matched.
4. To match additional transmitters at this time,
repeat Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of eight
transmitters matched to it.
5. To exit the programming mode, you must
cycle the key to LOCK.
Blank Display
This display shows no information.
DIC Operation and Displays
(Without DIC Buttons)
If your vehicle does not have DIC buttons, the
information below explains the operation of
this system.
The DIC has different displays which can be
accessed by pressing the trip odometer reset stem
located on the instrument panel cluster. Pressing
the trip odometer reset stem will also turn off,
or acknowledge, DIC messages.
The DIC displays trip and vehicle system
information, and warning messages if a system
problem is detected.
If your vehicle has DIC buttons, you can use the
trip odometer reset stem to view the following
displays: odometer, engine hours, trip odometer,
and display language.
Trip Odometer Reset Stem Menu Items
Odometer
Press the trip odometer reset stem until
ODOMETER displays. This display shows the
distance the vehicle has been driven in either
miles (mi) or kilometers (km).
Engine Hours
To display the ENGINE HOURS, place the ignition
in LOCK or ACCESSORY, then press and hold
the trip odometer reset stem for four seconds while
viewing the ODOMETER. This display shows
the total number of hours the engine has run.
If your vehicle does not have DIC buttons, you
can use the trip odometer reset stem to view the
following displays: odometer, engine hours,
trip odometer, oil life, Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system programming for vehicles with a TPM
system, Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter
programming, and display language.
267
Trip Odometer
Press the trip odometer reset stem until TRIP
displays. This display shows the current distance
traveled in either miles (mi) or kilometers (km) since
the last reset for the trip odometer.
The trip odometer can be reset to zero by pressing
and holding the trip odometer reset stem while the
trip odometer is displayed.
The trip odometer has a feature called the
retro-active reset. This can be used to set the trip
odometer to the number of miles (kilometers) driven
since the ignition was last turned on. This can be
used if the trip odometer is not reset at the
beginning of the trip.
To use the retro-active reset feature, press and
hold the trip odometer reset stem for at least
four seconds. The trip odometer will display the
number of miles (mi) or kilometers (km) driven
since the ignition was last turned on and the vehicle
was moving. Once the vehicle begins moving, the
trip odometer will accumulate mileage.
268
For example, if the vehicle was driven 5 miles
(8 km) before it is started again, and then the
retro-active reset feature is activated, the display
will show 5 miles (8 km). As the vehicle begins
moving, the display will then increase to 5.1 miles
(8.2 km), 5.2 miles (8.4 km), etc.
If the retro-active reset feature is activated after
the vehicle is started, but before it begins moving,
the display will show the number of miles (mi)
or kilometers (km) that were driven during the last
ignition cycle.
Oil Life
To access this display, the vehicle must be in
PARK (P). Press the trip odometer reset stem until
OIL LIFE REMAINING displays. This display
shows an estimate of the oil’s remaining useful
life. If you see 99% OIL LIFE REMAINING on the
display, that means 99% of the current oil life
remains. The engine oil life system will alert you to
change your oil on a schedule consistent with
your driving conditions.
When the remaining oil life is low, the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL SOON message will appear on
the display. See “CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON”
under DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 270. You should change your oil as soon as
you can. See Engine Oil on page 459. In
addition to the engine oil life system monitoring
the oil life, additional maintenance is
recommended in the Maintenance Schedule in this
manual. See Scheduled Maintenance on
page 579 for more information.
Relearn Tire Positions
Remember, you must reset the OIL LIFE display
yourself after each oil change. It will not reset
itself. Also, be careful not to reset the OIL LIFE
display accidentally at any time other than
when the oil has just been changed. It cannot be
reset accurately until the next oil change. To
reset the engine oil life system, see Engine Oil
Life System on page 462.
Relearn Remote Key
To access this display, the vehicle must be in
PARK (P). If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure
Monitor (TPM) system, after rotating the tires or
after replacing a tire or sensor, the system
must re-learn the tire positions. To re-learn the tire
positions, see Tire Pressure Monitor System on
page 516. See Tire Inspection and Rotation
on page 521 and DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 270 for more information.
To access this display, the vehicle must be in
PARK (P). This display allows you to match
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitters to your
vehicle. To match an RKE transmitter to your
vehicle, do the following:
1. Press the trip odometer reset stem until
RELEARN REMOTE KEY displays.
2. Press and hold the trip odometer reset stem
for three seconds.
The message REMOTE KEY LEARNING
ACTIVE will display.
269
3. Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons
on the first transmitter at the same time for
about 15 seconds.
On vehicles with memory recall seats, the first
transmitter learned will match driver 1 and
the second will match driver 2.
A chime will sound indicating that the
transmitter is matched.
4. To match additional transmitters at this time,
repeat Step 3.
Each vehicle can have a maximum of eight
transmitters matched to it.
5. To exit the programming mode, you must
cycle the key to LOCK.
Language
This display allows you to select the language in
which the DIC messages will appear. To select
a language, do the following:
1. Press the trip odometer reset stem until
ODOMETER displays.
2. While in the ODOMETER display, press
and hold the trip odometer reset stem for
three seconds until the currently set language
displays.
270
3. Continue to press and hold the trip odometer
reset stem to scroll through all of the available
languages.
The available languages are ENGLISH
(default), FRANCAIS (French), ESPANOL
(Spanish), and NO CHANGE.
4. Once the desired language is displayed,
release the trip odometer reset stem to
set your choice.
DIC Warnings and Messages
Messages are displayed on the DIC to notify the
driver that the status of the vehicle has changed
and that some action may be needed by the driver
to correct the condition. Multiple messages may
appear one after another.
Some messages may not require immediate
action, but you can press any of the DIC buttons
on the instrument panel or the trip odometer
reset stem on the instrument panel cluster
to acknowledge that you received the messages
and to clear them from the display.
Some messages cannot be cleared from the DIC
display because they are more urgent. These
messages require action before they can be
cleared. You should take any messages that
appear on the display seriously and remember that
clearing the messages will only make the
messages disappear, not correct the problem.
The following are the possible messages that can
be displayed and some information about them.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
This message displays when the engine oil needs
to be changed. When you change the engine
oil, be sure to reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL
SOON message. See Engine Oil Life System
on page 462 for information on how to reset the
message. This message clears itself after
10 seconds until the next ignition cycle or until the
message is reset. See Engine Oil on page 459
and Scheduled Maintenance on page 579 for more
information.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message displays when the
pressure in one or more of the vehicle’s tires need
to be checked. This message also displays
LEFT FRONT, RIGHT FRONT, LEFT REAR, or
RIGHT REAR to indicate which tire needs to
be checked. You can receive more than one tire
pressure message at a time. To read the other
messages that may have been sent at the same
time, press the set/reset button or the trip
odometer reset stem. If a tire pressure message
appears on the DIC, stop as soon as you can.
Have the tire pressures checked and set to those
shown on the Tire Loading Information label.
See Tires on page 507, Loading Your Vehicle on
page 407, and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 515. The DIC display also shows the tire
pressure values for the front and rear tires
by pressing the vehicle information button. See
“DIC Operation and Displays (With DIC Buttons)”
earlier in this section. If the tire pressure is
low, the low tire pressure warning light comes on.
See Tire Pressure Light on page 253.
271
DRIVER DOOR OPEN
ENGINE OIL LOW ADD OIL
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
driver’s door is not fully closed and the vehicle
is in a drive gear. Stop and turn off the vehicle,
check the door for obstructions, and close the door
again. Check to see if the message still appears
on the DIC.
If your vehicle has an oil level sensor, this
message displays if the oil level in the vehicle is
low. Check the oil level and correct it as
necessary. You may need to let the vehicle cool
or warm up and cycle the ignition to be sure
this message clears.
ENGINE HOT A/C (Air Conditioning)
TURNED OFF
This message clears itself after 10 seconds, until
the next ignition cycle. See Engine Oil on
page 459 for additional information.
This message displays when the engine coolant
becomes hotter than the normal operating
temperature. See Engine Coolant Temperature
Gage on page 252. To avoid added strain on a hot
engine, the air conditioning compressor
automatically turns off. When the coolant
temperature returns to normal, the air conditioning
compressor turns back on. You can continue to
drive your vehicle.
ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
If this message continues to appear, have the
system repaired by your dealer as soon as
possible to avoid damage to the engine.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears on
the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, stop
the vehicle as soon as possible. See Engine
Overheating on page 473 for more information.
This message displays when the engine coolant
temperature is too hot. Stop and allow the vehicle
to idle until it cools down. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage on page 252.
See Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode on page 476 for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
272
ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while the
engine is overheating, severe engine damage
may occur. If an overheat warning appears on
the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC, stop
the vehicle as soon as possible. See Engine
Overheating on page 473 for more information.
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
engine cooling system reaches unsafe
temperatures for operation. Stop and turn off the
vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so to avoid
severe damage. This message clears when the
engine has cooled to a safe operating temperature.
ENGINE POWER IS REDUCED
This message displays and a chime sounds when
the cooling system temperature gets too hot
and the engine further enters the engine coolant
protection mode. See Engine Overheating on
page 473 for further information.
This message also displays when the vehicle’s
engine power is reduced. Reduced engine power
can affect the vehicle’s ability to accelerate. If
this message is on, but there is no reduction in
performance, proceed to your destination. The
performance may be reduced the next time the
vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be driven at a
reduced speed while this message is on, but
acceleration and speed may be reduced. Anytime
this message stays on, the vehicle should be taken
to your dealer for service as soon as possible.
FUEL LEVEL LOW
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
fuel level is low. Refuel as soon as possible.
See Fuel Gage on page 259 and Fuel on page 446
for more information.
HOOD OPEN
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
hood is not fully closed. Stop and turn off the
vehicle, check the hood for obstructions, and close
the hood again. Check to see if the message
still appears on the DIC.
273
LEFT REAR DOOR OPEN
PARK ASSIST OFF
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
driver’s side rear door is not fully closed and
the vehicle is in a drive gear. Stop and turn off the
vehicle, check the door for obstructions, and
close the door again. Check to see if the message
still appears on the DIC.
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system, after the vehicle has been
started, this message displays to remind the
driver that the URPA system has been turned off.
Press the set/reset button or the trip odometer
reset stem to acknowledge this message and clear
it from the DIC display. To turn the URPA
system back on, see Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) on page 222.
OIL PRESSURE LOW STOP ENGINE
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while
the engine oil pressure is low, severe engine
damage may occur. If a low oil pressure
warning appears on the Driver Information
Center (DIC), stop the vehicle as soon as
possible. Do not drive the vehicle until the
cause of the low oil pressure is corrected. See
Engine Oil on page 459 for more information.
This message displays if low oil pressure
levels occur. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and do not operate it until the cause
of the low oil pressure has been corrected. Check
the oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced by your dealer. See Engine Oil on
page 459.
274
PASSENGER DOOR OPEN
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
passenger’s door is not fully closed and the
vehicle is in a drive gear. Stop and turn off the
vehicle, check the door for obstructions, and close
the door again. Check to see if the message
still appears on the DIC.
REAR ACCESS OPEN
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
liftgate or liftglass is open while the ignition is
in RUN. Turn off the vehicle and check the liftgate
and liftglass. Restart the vehicle and check for
the message on the DIC display.
REMOTE KEY LEARNING ACTIVE
SERVICE 4 WHEEL DRIVE
This message displays while you are matching a
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter to
your vehicle. See “Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle” under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 115 and DIC Operation
and Displays (With DIC Buttons) on page 261 or
DIC Operation and Displays (Without DIC Buttons)
on page 267 for more information.
This message displays if a problem occurs with the
four-wheel-drive system. If this message appears,
stop as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle.
Restart the vehicle and check for the message on
the DIC display. If the message is still displayed or
appears again when you begin driving, the
four-wheel-drive system needs service. See your
dealer.
REPLACE BATTERY IN REMOTE KEY
SERVICE AIR BAG
This message displays if a Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter battery is low. The battery
needs to be replaced in the transmitter. See
“Battery Replacement” under Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) System Operation on page 115.
This message displays if there is a problem with the
airbag system. Have your dealer inspect the system
for problems. See Airbag Readiness Light on
page 245 and Airbag System on page 90 for more
information.
RIGHT REAR DOOR OPEN
This message displays and a chime sounds if the
passenger’s side rear door is not fully closed
and the vehicle is in a drive gear. Stop and turn
off the vehicle, check the door for obstructions, and
close the door again. Check to see if the
message still appears on the DIC.
275
SERVICE BATTERY CHARGING
SYSTEM
On some vehicles, this message displays if there is
a problem with the battery charging system. Under
certain conditions, the charging system light may
also turn on in the instrument panel cluster. See
Charging System Light on page 248. Driving with
this problem could drain the battery. Turn off all
unnecessary accessories. Have the electrical
system checked as soon as possible. See your
dealer.
SERVICE BRAKE SYSTEM
This message displays along with the brake
system warning light if there is a problem with the
brake system. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 249. If this message appears, stop
as soon as possible and turn off the vehicle.
Restart the vehicle and check for the message on
the DIC display. If the message is still displayed
or appears again when you begin driving, the
brake system needs service as soon as possible.
See your dealer.
276
SERVICE BRAKES SOON
This message displays if there is a problem with
the brake system. If this message appears, stop as
soon as possible and turn off the vehicle. Restart
the vehicle and check for the message on the
DIC display. If the message is still displayed
or appears again when you begin driving, the
brake system needs service. See your dealer.
SERVICE PARK ASSIST
If your vehicle has the Ultrasonic Rear Parking
Assist (URPA) system, this message displays
if there is a problem with the URPA system. Do
not use this system to help you park. See
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) on
page 222 for more information. See your dealer
for service.
SERVICE STABILITRAK
SERVICE TIRE MONITOR SYSTEM
®
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak and this message
displays, it means there may be a problem
with the StabiliTrak® system. If you see this
message, try to reset the system. Stop; turn off
the engine for at least 15 seconds; then start
the engine again. If this message still comes on, it
means there is a problem. You should see your
dealer for service. The vehicle is safe to drive,
however, you do not have the benefit of
StabiliTrak®, so reduce your speed and drive
accordingly.
SERVICE SUSPENSION SYSTEM
®
If your vehicle has the Autoride suspension
system, this message displays when the Autoride®
suspension system is not operating properly.
Have your vehicle serviced by your dealer.
SERVICE THEFT DETERRENT SYSTEM
If your vehicle has the Tire Pressure Monitor
(TPM) system, this message displays if a part on
the system is not working properly. If you drive
your vehicle while any of the four sensors
are missing or inoperable, the warning comes on
in about 20 minutes. A sensor would be missing,
for example, if you put different wheels on
your vehicle without transferring the sensors. If the
warning comes on and stays on, there may be
a problem with the TPM. See your dealer.
SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message
displays when there is a problem with the Traction
Control System (TCS). When this message
displays, the system will not limit wheel spin.
Adjust your driving accordingly. See your dealer
for service. See StabiliTrak® System on page 363
for more information.
This message displays when there is a problem
with the theft-deterrent system. The vehicle may or
may not restart so you may want to take the
vehicle to your dealer before turning off the engine.
See PASS-Key® III+ Operation on page 137 for
more information.
277
• The message could display if the stability
STABILITRAK OFF
®
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak , this message
displays when you turn off StabiliTrak®, or when
the stability control has been automatically
disabled. To limit wheel spin and realize the full
benefits of the stability enhancement system, you
should normally leave StabiliTrak® on. However,
you should turn StabiliTrak® off if your vehicle gets
stuck in sand, mud, ice, or snow and you want
to rock your vehicle to attempt to free it, or if you
are driving in extreme off-road conditions and
require more wheel spin. See If Your Vehicle is
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 404. To
turn the StabiliTrak® system on or off, see
StabiliTrak® System on page 363.
There are several conditions that can cause this
message to appear.
• One condition is overheating, which could
occur if StabiliTrak® activates continuously
for an extended period of time.
• The message also displays if the brake
system warning light is on. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 249.
278
system takes longer than usual to complete its
diagnostic checks due to driving conditions.
• The message displays if an engine or vehicle
related problem has been detected and the
vehicle needs service. See your dealer.
• The message also displays if the vehicle is
shifted into 4LO.
The message turns off as soon as the conditions
that caused the message to be displayed are
no longer present.
TIGHTEN GAS CAP
This message may display along with the check
engine light on the instrument panel cluster if
the vehicle’s fuel cap is not tightened properly. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 253.
Reinstall the fuel cap fully. See Filling the Tank on
page 451. The diagnostic system can determine
if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. A loose or missing fuel cap allows fuel to
evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving
trips with the cap properly installed should turn this
light and message off.
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE
TRANSMISSION HOT IDLE ENGINE
If your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitor (TPM)
system, this message displays when the system
is re-learning the tire positions on your vehicle.
See DIC Operation and Displays (With DIC
Buttons) on page 261 or DIC Operation and
Displays (Without DIC Buttons) on page 267 for
more information. The tire positions must be
re-learned after rotating the tires or after replacing
a tire or sensor. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 521, Tire Pressure Monitor
System on page 516, and Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 515 for more information.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle while
the transmission fluid is overheating and the
transmission temperature warning is displayed
on the instrument panel cluster and/or DIC,
you can damage the transmission. This could
lead to costly repairs that would not be
covered by your warranty. Do not drive your
vehicle with overheated transmission fluid
or while the transmission temperature warning
is displayed.
TRACTION CONTROL OFF
If your vehicle has StabiliTrak®, this message
displays when the Traction Control System (TCS)
is turned off. Adjust your driving accordingly.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 363 for more
information.
This message displays along with a continuous
chime if the transmission fluid in the vehicle
gets hot. Driving with the transmission fluid
temperature high can cause damage to the
vehicle. Stop the vehicle and let it idle to allow the
transmission to cool. This message clears and
the chime stops when the fluid temperature
reaches a safe level.
279
TURN SIGNAL ON
This message displays and a chime sounds if a turn
signal is left on for 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km). Move the
turn signal/multifunction lever to the off position.
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID
This message displays when the windshield
washer fluid is low. Fill the windshield washer fluid
reservoir as soon as possible. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 458 for the
location of the windshield washer fluid reservoir.
Also, see Windshield Washer Fluid on page 485
for more information.
DIC Vehicle Customization
(With DIC Buttons)
Your vehicle may have customization capabilities
that allow you to program certain features to
one preferred setting. Customization features can
only be programmed to one setting on the
vehicle and cannot be programmed to a preferred
setting for two different drivers.
280
All of the customization options may not be
available on your vehicle. Only the options
available will be displayed on your DIC.
The default settings for the customization features
were set when your vehicle left the factory, but
may have been changed from their default
state since then.
The customization preferences are automatically
recalled.
To change customization preferences, use the
following procedure.
Entering the Feature Settings Menu
1. Turn the ignition on and place the vehicle in
PARK (P).
To avoid excessive drain on the battery, it is
recommended that the headlamps are
turned off.
2. Press the customization button to scroll
through the available customizable options.
Feature Settings Menu Items
FRANCAIS: All messages will appear in French.
The following are customization features that allow
you to program settings to the vehicle:
ESPANOL: All messages will appear in Spanish.
DISPLAY IN ENGLISH
This feature will only display if a language other
than English has been set. This feature allows you
to change the language in which the DIC
messages appear to English.
Press the customization button until the
PRESS V TO DISPLAY IN ENGLISH screen
appears on the DIC display. Press the set/reset
button once to display all DIC messages in English.
DISPLAY LANGUAGE
This feature allows you to select the language in
which the DIC messages will appear.
Press the customization button until the DISPLAY
LANGUAGE screen appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to access the
settings for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll through the following
settings:
ENGLISH (default): All messages will appear in
English.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC to
select it.
You can also change the language by pressing
the trip odometer reset stem. See “Language”
under DIC Operation and Displays (Without DIC
Buttons) earlier in this section for more information.
AUTO DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select when the vehicle’s
doors will automatically lock. See Programmable
Automatic Door Locks on page 123 for more
information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
SHIFT OUT OF PARK (default): The doors will
automatically lock when the vehicle is shifted out of
PARK (P).
281
AT VEHICLE SPEED: The doors will
automatically lock when the vehicle speed is
above 8 mph (13 km/h) for three seconds.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
DRIVER AT KEY OUT: Only the driver’s door will
unlock when the key is taken out of the ignition.
DRIVER IN PARK: Only the driver’s door
will unlock when the vehicle is shifted into
PARK (P).
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
ALL AT KEY OUT: All of the doors will unlock
when the key is taken out of the ignition.
AUTO DOOR UNLOCK
ALL IN PARK (default): All of the doors will
unlock when the vehicle is shifted into PARK (P).
This feature allows you to select whether or not to
turn off the automatic door unlocking feature. It
also allows you to select which doors and
when the doors will automatically unlock. See
Programmable Automatic Door Locks on page 123
for more information.
Press the customization button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: None of the doors will automatically unlock.
282
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
REMOTE DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when locking the vehicle
with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
You will not receive feedback when locking
the vehicle with the RKE transmitter if the doors
are open. See Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
System Operation on page 115 for more
information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no feedback when you press
the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
LIGHTS ONLY: The exterior lamps will flash
when you press the lock button on the RKE
transmitter.
HORN & LIGHTS (default): The exterior lamps
will flash when you press the lock button on
the RKE transmitter, and the horn will sound when
the lock button is pressed again within five
seconds of the previous command.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
REMOTE DOOR UNLOCK
This feature allows you to select the type of
feedback you will receive when unlocking the
vehicle with the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
transmitter. You will not receive feedback when
unlocking the vehicle with the RKE transmitter
if the doors are open. See Remote Keyless Entry
(RKE) System Operation on page 115 for more
information.
HORN ONLY: The horn will sound on the second
press of the lock button on the RKE transmitter.
283
Press the customization button until REMOTE
DOOR UNLOCK appears on the DIC display.
Press the set/reset button once to access
the settings for this feature. Then press the
customization button to scroll through the following
settings:
LIGHTS OFF: The exterior lamps will not flash
when you press the unlock button on the
RKE transmitter.
LIGHTS ON (default): The exterior lamps will
flash when you press the unlock button on
the RKE transmitter.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
DELAY DOOR LOCK
This feature allows you to select whether or not the
locking of the vehicle’s doors and liftgate will be
delayed. When locking the doors and liftgate with
the power door lock switch or the Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter and a door or the liftgate is
open, this feature will delay locking the doors and
liftgate until five seconds after the last door is
closed. You will hear three chimes to signal that the
delayed locking feature is in use. The key must be
out of the ignition for this feature to work. You can
temporarily override delayed locking by pressing
the power door lock switch or the RKE transmitter a
second time. See Delayed Locking on page 123 for
more information.
Press the customization button until DELAY DOOR
LOCK appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
OFF: There will be no delayed locking of the
vehicle’s doors.
ON (default): The doors will not lock until
five seconds after the last door or the liftgate is
closed.
284
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
EXIT LIGHTING
APPROACH LIGHTING
This feature allows you to select the amount of
time you want the exterior lamps to remain
on when it is dark enough outside. This happens
after the key is turned from RUN to LOCK.
This feature allows you to select whether or not to
have the exterior lights turn on briefly during
low light periods after unlocking the vehicle using
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.
Press the customization button until EXIT
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
Press the customization button until APPROACH
LIGHTING appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The exterior lamps will not turn on.
OFF: The exterior lights will not turn on when you
unlock the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
30 SECONDS (default): The exterior lamps will
stay on for 30 seconds.
1 MINUTE: The exterior lamps will stay on for
one minute.
ON (default): If it is dark enough outside, the
exterior lights will turn on briefly when you unlock
the vehicle with the RKE transmitter.
2 MINUTES: The exterior lamps will stay on for
two minutes.
285
The lights will remain on for 20 seconds or until
the lock button on the RKE transmitter is pressed,
or the vehicle is no longer off. See Remote
Keyless Entry (RKE) System Operation on
page 115 for more information.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the
DIC to select it.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
PARK TILT MIRRORS
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
CHIME VOLUME
This feature allows you to select the volume level
of the chime.
Press the customization button until CHIME
VOLUME appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
NORMAL (default): The chime volume will be set
to a normal level.
LOUD: The chime volume will be set to a loud
level.
286
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select whether or not the outside mirror(s) will
automatically tilt down when the vehicle is shifted
into REVERSE (R). See Outside Curb View Assist
Mirrors on page 172 for more information.
Press the customization button until PARK TILT
MIRRORS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): Neither outside mirror will be tilted
down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
DRIVER MIRROR: The driver’s outside mirror will
be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted into
REVERSE (R).
PASSENGER MIRROR: The passenger’s outside
mirror will be tilted down when the vehicle is shifted
into REVERSE (R).
BOTH MIRRORS: The driver’s and passenger’s
outside mirrors will be tilted down when the vehicle
is shifted into REVERSE (R).
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC to
select it.
EASY EXIT SEAT
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select your preference for the automatic easy exit
seat feature. See Memory Seat, Mirrors, and
Pedals on page 13 for more information.
Press the customization button until EASY EXIT
SEAT appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for this
feature. Then press the customization button to
scroll through the following settings:
ON: The driver’s seat will move back when the key
is removed from the ignition.
The automatic easy exit seat movement will only
occur one time after the key is removed from the
ignition. If the automatic movement has already
occurred, and you put the key back in the ignition
and remove it again, the seat will stay in the original
exit position, unless a memory recall took place
prior to removing the key again.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
MEMORY SEAT RECALL
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
select your preference for the remote memory seat
recall feature. See Memory Seat, Mirrors, and
Pedals on page 13 for more information.
OFF (default): No automatic seat exit recall will
occur.
287
Press the customization button until MEMORY
SEAT RECALL appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings
for this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF (default): No remote memory seat recall will
occur.
ON: The driver’s seat and, on some vehicles, the
outside mirrors will automatically move to the
stored driving position when the unlock button on
the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter is
pressed. On some vehicles with the adjustable
throttle and brake pedal feature, the pedals
will also automatically move. See “Relearn Remote
Key” under DIC Operation and Displays (With
DIC Buttons) on page 261 or DIC Operation and
Displays (Without DIC Buttons) on page 267
for more information on matching transmitters to
driver ID numbers.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
288
REMOTE START
If your vehicle has this feature, it allows you to
turn the remote start off or on. The remote
start feature allows you to start the engine from
outside of the vehicle using your Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE) transmitter. See ″Remote Vehicle
Start″ under Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System
Operation on page 115 for more information.
Press the customization button until REMOTE
START appears on the DIC display. Press
the set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization
button to scroll through the following settings:
OFF: The remote start feature will be disabled.
ON (default): The remote start feature will
be enabled.
NO CHANGE: No change will be made to this
feature. The current setting will remain.
Choose one of the available settings and press
the set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
FACTORY SETTINGS
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS
This feature allows you to set all of the
customization features back to their factory default
settings.
Press the customization button until FACTORY
SETTINGS appears on the DIC display. Press the
set/reset button once to access the settings for
this feature. Then press the customization button
to scroll through the following settings:
This feature allows you to exit the feature
settings menu.
RESTORE ALL (default): The customization
features will be set to their factory default settings.
DO NOT RESTORE: The customization features
will not be set to their factory default settings.
Choose one of the available settings and press the
set/reset button while it is displayed on the DIC
to select it.
Press the customization button until PRESS V TO
EXIT FEATURE SETTINGS appears in the DIC
display. Press the set/reset button once to exit the
menu.
If you do not exit, pressing the customization
button again will return you to the beginning of the
feature settings menu.
Exiting the Feature Settings Menu
The feature settings menu will be exited when any
of the following occurs:
• The vehicle is no longer in RUN.
• The trip/fuel or vehicle information DIC buttons
are pressed.
• The end of the feature settings menu is
reached and exited.
• A 40 second time period has elapsed with no
selection made.
289
Audio System(s)
Determine which radio your vehicle has and then
read the pages following to familiarize yourself
with its features.
Driving without distraction is a necessity for a
safer driving experience. See Defensive Driving on
page 356. By taking a few moments to read this
manual and get familiar with your vehicle’s
audio system, you can use it with less effort, as
well as take advantage of its features. While your
vehicle is parked, set up your audio system by
presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the
tone and adjusting the speakers. Then, when
driving conditions permit, you can tune to
your favorite stations using the presets and
steering wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
290
{CAUTION:
This system provides you with a far greater
access to audio stations and song listings.
Giving extended attention to entertainment
tasks while driving can cause a crash and
you or others can be injured or killed.
Always keep your eyes on the road and
your mind on the drive — avoid engaging
in extended searching while driving.
Keeping your mind on the drive is important for
safe driving. Here are some ways in which you can
help avoid distraction while driving.
While your vehicle is parked:
• Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.
• Familiarize yourself with its operation.
• Set up your audio system by presetting your
favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and
adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving
conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite
radio stations using the presets and steering
wheel controls if the vehicle has them.
Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to
your vehicle, such as an audio system, CD
player, CB radio, mobile telephone, or two-way
radio, make sure that it can be added by
checking with your dealer/retailer. Also, check
federal rules covering mobile radio and
telephone units. If sound equipment can be
added, it is very important to do it properly.
Added sound equipment can interfere with the
operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or
other systems, and even damage them. Your
vehicle’s systems can interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been
added.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained
Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio
system can be played even after the ignition
is turned off. See Retained Accessory Power
(RAP) on page 141 for more information.
Setting the Time (MP3 Radio with a
Single CD Player)
If your vehicle has a radio with a single CD, the
radio has a clock button for setting the time
and date.
To set the time and date, follow the instructions:
1. Press the clock button and the HR, MIN, MM,
DD, YYYY (hour, minute, month, day, and
year) displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under any one
of the labels that you want to change. Every
time the pushbutton is pressed again, the time
or the date if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date, is
to press the right SEEK arrow or the FWD
(forward) button.
291
3. To decrease the time or date, press the left
SEEK arrow or the REV (reverse) button.
You can also turn the tune knob, located on
the upper right side of the radio, to adjust
the selected setting.
Changing the Time and Date Default
Settings
You can change the time default setting from
12 hours to 24 hours or change the date default
setting from month/day/year to day/month/year.
To change the time or date default settings, follow
these instructions:
1. Press the clock button and then the
pushbutton located under the forward arrow
that is currently displayed on the radio screen
until the time 12H (hour) and 24H (hour),
and the date MM/DD (month and day)
and DD/MM (day and month) displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under the
desired option.
3. Press the clock button again to apply the
selected default, or let the screen time out.
292
Setting the Time (MP3 Radio with a
CD and DVD Player)
If your vehicle has a radio with a single CD and
DVD player, the radio has a clock button for setting
the time and date.
To set the time and date, follow these instructions:
1. Press the clock button and the HR, MIN,
MM, DD, YYYY (hour, minute, month, day,
and year) displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under any one
of the labels that you want to change. Every
time the pushbutton is pressed again, the time
or the date if selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date, is
to press the right SEEK arrow or the FWD
(forward) button.
3. To decrease the time or date, press the left
SEEK arrow or the REV (reverse) button, or
turn the tune knob, located on the upper
right side of the radio, to adjust the selected
setting.
Changing the Time and Date Default
Settings
You can change the time default setting from
12 hours to 24 hours or change the date default
setting from month/day/year to day/month/year.
To change the time or date default settings, follow
these instructions:
1. Press the clock button and then the
pushbutton located under the forward arrow
that is currently displayed on the radio screen
until the time 12H (hour) and 24H (hour),
and the date MM/DD (month and day)
and DD/MM (day and month) displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under the
desired option.
3. Press the clock button again to apply the
selected default, or let the screen time out.
Setting the Time (MP3 Radio with a
Six-Disc CD Player)
If your vehicle has a radio with a six-disc CD
player, the radio has a MENU button instead of
the clock button to set the time and date.
To set the time and date, follow these instructions:
1. Press the MENU button. Once the clock
option displays, press the pushbutton
located under that label. The HR, MIN, MM,
DD, YYYY (hour, minute, month, day,
and year) displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under any one
of the time or date setting labels that you
want to change. Every time the pushbutton is
pressed again, the time or the date if
selected, increases by one.
• Another way to increase the time or date, is
to press the right SEEK arrow or the FWD
(forward) button.
3. To decrease the time or date, press the left
SEEK arrow or the REV (reverse) button.
You can also turn the tune knob, located on
the upper right side of the radio, to adjust
the selected setting.
293
Changing the Time and Date Default
Settings
Radio with CD (MP3)
You can change the time default setting from
12 hours to 24 hours or change the date default
setting from month/day/year to day/month/year.
To change the time or date default settings, follow
these instructions:
1. Press the MENU button. Once the clock
option displays, press the pushbutton
located under the forward arrow that is
currently displayed on the radio screen until
the 12H (hour) and 24H (hour), and the
date MM/DD (month and day) and DD/MM
(day and month) displays.
2. Press the pushbutton located under the
desired option.
3. Press the MENU button again to apply the
selected default, or let the screen time out.
294
Radio with CD shown, Radio with Six-Disc CD
similar
Radio Data System (RDS)
Playing the Radio
The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS).
The RDS feature is available for use only on FM
stations that broadcast RDS information. This
system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and only works when the
information is available. While the radio is tuned to
an FM-RDS station, the station name or call letters
display. In rare cases, a radio station could
broadcast incorrect information that causes the
radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
O (Power/Volume): Press this knob to turn the
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in the
48 contiguous United States and Canada. XM™
offers a large variety of coast-to-coast channels
including music, news, sports, talk, traffic/weather
(U.S. subscribers), and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text
information that includes song title and artist name.
A service fee is required in order to receive the
XM™ service. For more information, contact XM™;
In the U.S. at www.xmradio.com or call
1-800-852-XMXM (9696) or in Canada at
www.xmradio.ca or call 1-877-GET-XMSR
(438-9677).
system on and off.
Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
increase or decrease the volume.
Speed Compensated Volume (SCV): The radio
has Speed Compensated Volume (SCV). While
SCV is on, the radio volume automatically adjusts
to compensate for road and wind noise as driving
speed changes. That way, the volume level should
sound about the same as you drive.
To activate SCV:
1. Set the radio volume to the desired level.
2. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
3. Press the pushbutton under the AUTO
VOLUM (volume) label on the radio display.
4. Press the pushbutton under the desired Speed
Compensated Volume setting (OFF, Low, Med
(medium), or High) to select the level of radio
volume compensation. The display times out
after approximately 10 seconds. Each higher
setting allows for more radio volume
compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
295
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM, or XM™ (if equipped). The selection displays.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio
stations.
© SEEK ¨: Press the right or left SEEK arrow
to go to the next or to the previous station and
stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK
arrow for a few seconds until a beep sounds. The
radio goes to a station, plays for a few seconds,
then goes to the next station. Press either
SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.
The radio seeks and scans stations only with a
strong signal that are in the selected band.
296
4 (Information) (XM™ Satellite Radio Service,
MP3, and RDS Features): Press the information
button to display additional text information
related to the current FM-RDS or XM™ station, or
MP3 song. A choice of additional information
such as: Channel, Song, Artist, and CAT
(category) might appear. Continue pressing the
information button to highlight the desired label, or
press the pushbutton positioned under any one
of the labels and the information about that
label displays.
When information is not available, No Info
displays.
Storing a Radio Station as a Favorite
Drivers are encouraged to set up their radio station
favorites while the vehicle is parked. Tune to
your favorite stations using the presets, favorites
button, and steering wheel controls, if the
vehicle has this feature. See Defensive Driving on
page 356.
FAV (Favorites): A maximum of 36 stations can
be programmed as favorites using the
six pushbuttons positioned below the radio station
frequency labels and by using the radio favorites
page button (FAV button). Press the FAV button to
go through up to six pages of favorites, each
having six favorite stations available per page.
Each page of favorites can contain any
combination of AM, FM, or XM™ (if equipped)
stations. To store a station as a favorite, perform
the following steps:
1. Tune to the desired radio station.
2. Press the FAV button to display the page
where you want the station stored.
3. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons
until a beep sounds. Whenever that
pushbutton is pressed and released, the
station that was set, returns.
4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton radio
station you want stored as a favorite.
The number of favorites pages can be setup using
the MENU button. To setup the number of
favorites pages, perform the following steps:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the
FAV 1-6 label.
3. Select the desired number of favorites pages
by pressing the pushbutton located below the
displayed page numbers.
4. Press the FAV button, or let the menu time
out, to return to the original main radio
screen showing the radio station frequency
labels and to begin the process of
programming your favorites for the chosen
amount of numbered pages.
297
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
BASS/MID/TREB (Bass, Midrange, or
Treble): To adjust bass, midrange, or treble,
press the tune knob until the tone control labels
display. Continue pressing to highlight the desired
label, or press the pushbutton positioned under
the desired label. Turn the tune knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to adjust the highlighted
setting. The highlighted setting can also be
adjusted by pressing either the SEEK, FWD
(forward), or REV (reverse) button until the desired
levels are obtained. If a station’s frequency is
weak or if there is static, decrease the treble.
To quickly adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the
middle position, press the pushbutton positioned
under the BASS, MID, or TREB label for more than
two seconds. A beep sounds and the level
adjusts to the middle position.
To quickly adjust all tone and speaker controls to
the middle position, press the tune knob for
more than two seconds until a beep sounds.
298
EQ (Equalization): Press this button to choose
bass and treble equalization settings designed for
different types of music. The choices are pop,
rock, country, talk, jazz, and classical. Selecting
MANUAL or changing bass or treble, returns
the EQ to the manual bass and treble settings.
Unique EQ settings can be saved for each source.
If the radio has a Bose® audio system, the EQ
settings are either MANUAL or TALK.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE (Balance/Fade): To adjust balance
or fade, press the tune knob until the speaker
control labels display. Continue pressing to
highlight the desired label, or press the pushbutton
positioned under the desired label. Turn the
tune knob clockwise or counterclockwise to adjust
the highlighted setting. The highlighted setting
can also be adjusted by pressing either the SEEK,
FWD (forward), or REV (reverse) button until
the desired levels are obtained.
To quickly adjust balance or fade to the middle
position, press the pushbutton positioned under the
BAL or FADE label for more than two seconds.
A beep sounds and the level adjusts to the middle
position.
To quickly adjust all speaker and tone controls to
the middle position, press the tune knob for
more than two seconds until a beep sounds.
Finding a Category (CAT) Station
CAT (Category): The CAT button is used to find
XM™ stations when the radio is in the XM™
mode. To find XM™ channels within a desired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the BAND button until the XM™
frequency is displayed. Press the CAT button
to display the category labels on the radio
display. Continue pressing the CAT button
until the desired category name displays.
2. Press either of the two buttons below the
desired category label to immediately tune
to the first XM™ station associated with that
category.
3. Turn the tune knob, press the buttons below
the right or left arrows displayed, or press the
right or left SEEK buttons to go to the next
or previous XM™ station within the selected
category.
4. To exit the category search mode, press the
FAV button or BAND button to display your
favorites again.
Undesired XM™ categories can be removed
through the setup menu. To remove an undesired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the XM
CAT label.
3. Turn the tune knob to display the category
you want removed.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the
Remove label until the category name
along with the word Removed displays.
5. Repeat the steps to remove more categories.
299
Removed categories can be restored by pressing
the pushbutton under the Add label when a
removed category displays or by pressing the
pushbutton under the Restore All label.
Categories cannot be removed or added while the
vehicle is moving faster than 5 mph (8 km/h).
Radio Messages
Calibration Error: The audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If
Calibration Error displays, it means that the radio
has not been configured properly and your
vehicle must be returned to your dealer for service.
Locked: This message displays when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up the radio.
Take the vehicle to your dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer.
Radio Messages for XM™ Only
See XM Radio Messages on page 335 later in this
section for further detail.
Playing a CD (Single CD Player)
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player pulls it in and the CD should begin
playing.
Playing a CD(s) (Six-Disc CD Player)
LOAD ^: Press this button to load CDs into the
CD player. This CD player holds up to six CDs.
To insert one CD, do the following:
1. Press and release the load button.
2. Wait for the message to insert the disc.
3. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player pulls the CD in.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Press and hold the load button for
two seconds. A beep sounds and Load
All Discs displays.
2. Follow the displayed instruction on when to
insert the discs. The CD player takes up to
six CDs.
3. Press the Load button again to cancel loading
more CDs.
300
If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in the
player, it stays in the player. While the ignition or
radio is turned on, the CD starts playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol appears on
the CD. As each new track starts to play, the
track number displays. When more than one CD is
in the radio, the desired CD to be played can be
changed by pressing the pushbuttons located
under the displayed Disc label.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There can be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD
is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the
surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs
and DVDs on page 353 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
301
Z EJECT: Press the CD eject button to eject
CD(s). To eject the CD that is currently playing,
press and release this button. A beep sounds and
Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc is ejected,
Remove Disc displays. The CD can be removed. If
the CD is not removed, after several seconds,
the CD automatically pulls back into the player and
begins playing.
For the Six-Disc CD player, press and hold the
eject button for two seconds to eject all discs.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select tracks on the
CD that is currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to
go to the start of the current track, if more than
ten seconds on the CD have played. Press
the right SEEK arrow to go to the next track. If
either SEEK arrow is held, or pressed multiple
times, the player continues moving backward or
forward through the tracks on the CD.
302
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within a track. Sound is
heard at a reduced volume. Release this
pushbutton to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within a track.
Sound is heard at a reduced volume. Release
this button to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting, the
tracks can be listened to in random, rather
than sequential order, on one CD or all CDs in a
six-disc CD player. To use random, do one of
the following:
• Press the CD/AUX button, or for a single CD
player, insert a disc partway into the slot of
the CD player. A RDM label displays.
To play the tracks from the single CD in
random order, press the pushbutton positioned
under the RDM label until Random Current
Disc displays. Press the pushbutton again to
turn off random play.
• Press the CD/AUX button, or for a six-disc CD
player, press and hold the LOAD button. A
beep sounds and Load All Discs displays.
Insert one or more discs partway into the slot
of the CD player.
To play tracks from all CDs loaded in a
six-disc CD player in random order, press the
pushbutton positioned under the RDM
label until Randomize All Discs displays. Press
the same pushbutton again to turn off
random play.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD is playing. The CD remains inside the
radio for future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD when listening to the radio. The CD icon
and a message showing the disc and/or track
number displays when a CD is in the player. Press
this button again and the system automatically
searches for an auxiliary input device, such as a
portable audio player. If a portable audio player
is not connected, No Input Device Found displays.
Playing an MP3 CD-R or CD-RW Disc
If you have a radio with a single CD (MP3)
or a six-disc CD (MP3) player, it is capable of
playing an MP3 CD-R or CD-RW disc. For more
information on how to play an MP3 CD-R or
CD-RW disc, see “Using an MP3” in the index.
CD Messages
CHECK DISC: If this message displays and/or
the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There could have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label could be caught in the CD player.
303
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down
and provide it to your dealer when reporting the
problem.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack
The radio system has an auxiliary input jack
located on the lower right side of the faceplate.
This is not an audio output; do not plug the
headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack.
However, an external audio device such as
an iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player, CD player,
or cassette tape player, etc. can be connected
to the auxiliary input jack for use as another source
for audio listening.
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary
device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See
Defensive Driving on page 356 for more
information on driver distraction.
304
To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm
(1/8 inch) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary
input jack. When a device is connected, press the
radio CD/AUX button to begin playing audio
from the device over the vehicle speakers.
O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume of the portable player. Additional volume
adjustments might be needed from the portable
device if the volume does not go loud or soft
enough.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a portable audio device is playing. The
portable audio device continues playing, so you
might want to stop it or turn it off.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD when a portable audio device is playing.
Press this button again and the system begins
playing audio from the connected portable audio
player. If a portable audio player is not
connected, No Input Device Found displays.
Radio with CD and DVD (MP3)
Dolby® is manufactured under license from
Dolby® Laboratories. Dolby® and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolby® Laboratories.
Radio Data System (RDS)
If your vehicle has a Rear Seat Entertainment
(RSE) system, it has a CD/DVD radio. See Rear
Seat Entertainment System on page 337 for
more information on the vehicle’s RSE system.
The audio system has a Radio Data System
(RDS). The RDS feature is available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
This system relies upon receiving specific
information from these stations and only works
when the information is available. While the radio
is tuned to an FM-RDS station, the station
name or call letters display. In rare cases, a radio
station could broadcast incorrect information
that causes the radio features to work improperly.
If this happens, contact the radio station.
The DVD player is the top slot on the radio
faceplate. The player is capable of reading the
DTS programmed DVD Audio or DVD Video
media, (DTS and DTS Digital Surround are
trademarks of Digital Theater Systems, Inc.).
305
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ is a satellite radio service that is based in
the 48 contiguous United States and Canada.
XM™ offers a large variety of coast-to-coast
channels including music, news, sports, talk,
traffic/weather (U.S. subscribers), and children’s
programming. XM™ provides digital quality
audio and text information that includes song title
and artist name. A service fee is required in
order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™; In the U.S. at
www.xmradio.com or call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696)
or in Canada at www.xmradio.ca or call
1-877-GET-XMSR (438-9677).
Playing the Radio
O (Power/Volume): Press this knob to turn the
system on and off.
Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
increase or decrease the volume.
306
Speed Compensated Volume (SCV): The radio
has Speed Compensated Volume (SCV). While
SCV is on, the radio volume automatically adjusts
to compensate for road and wind noise as
driving speed changes. That way, the volume level
should sound about the same as you drive. To
activate SCV:
1. Set the radio volume to the desired level.
2. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
3. Press the pushbutton under the AUTO
VOLUM (volume) label on the radio display.
4. Press the pushbutton under the desired SCV
setting (OFF, Low, Med (medium), or High) to
select the level of radio volume compensation.
The display times out after approximately
10 seconds. Each higher setting allows
for more radio volume compensation at faster
vehicle speeds.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between AM,
FM, or XM™ (if equipped). The display shows
the selection.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left or right SEEK
arrow to go to the next or to the previous station
and stay there.
To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK
arrow for a few seconds until a beep sounds. The
radio goes to a station, plays for a few seconds,
then goes to the next station. Press either
SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.
The radio seeks and scans stations only with a
strong signal that are in the selected band.
4 (Information) (XM™ Satellite Radio Service,
MP3, and RDS Features): Press the information
button to display additional text information related
to the current FM-RDS or XM™ station, or MP3
song. A choice of additional information such as:
Channel, Song, Artist, and CAT (category) could
appear. Continue pressing the information button to
highlight the desired label, or press the pushbutton
positioned under any one of the labels and the
information about that label is displayed.
When information is not available, No Info displays.
Storing a Radio Station as a Favorite
Drivers are encouraged to set up their radio station
favorites while the vehicle is parked. Tune to your
favorite stations using the presets, favorites button,
and steering wheel controls, if the vehicle has them.
See Defensive Driving on page 356.
FAV (Favorites): A maximum of 36 stations can
be programmed as favorites using the
six pushbuttons positioned below the radio station
frequency labels and by using the radio favorites
page button (FAV button). Press the FAV button to
go through up to six pages of favorites, each
having six favorite stations available per page.
307
Each page of favorites can contain any
combination of AM, FM, or XM™ (if equipped)
stations. To store a station as a favorite, perform
the following steps:
1. Tune to the desired radio station.
2. Press the FAV button to display the page
where you want the station stored.
3. Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons
until a beep sounds. Whenever that
pushbutton is pressed and released, the
station that was set, returns.
4. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton radio
station you want stored as a favorite.
The number of favorites pages can be setup using
the MENU button. To setup the number of
favorites pages, perform the following steps:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the
FAV 1-6 label.
3. Select the desired number of favorites pages
by pressing the pushbutton located below the
displayed page numbers.
308
4. Press the FAV button, or let the menu time
out, to return to the original main radio
screen showing the radio station frequency
labels and to begin the process of
programming your favorites for the chosen
amount of numbered pages.
Setting the Tone
(Bass/Midrange/Treble)
BASS/MID/TREB (Bass, Midrange, or Treble): To
adjust bass, midrange, or treble, press the tune
knob until the tone control labels display. Continue
pressing to highlight the desired label, or press the
pushbutton positioned under the desired label. Turn
the tune knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
adjust the highlighted setting. If a station’s
frequency is weak or if there is static, decrease the
treble.
To quickly adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the
middle position, press the pushbutton positioned
under the BASS, MID, or TREB label for more than
two seconds. A beep sounds and the level adjusts
to the middle position.
To quickly adjust all tone and speaker controls to
the middle position, press the tune knob for more
than two seconds until a beep sounds.
EQ (Equalization): Press this button to choose
bass and treble equalization settings designed for
different types of music. The choices are pop,
rock, country, talk, jazz, and classical. Selecting
MANUAL or changing bass or treble, returns
the EQ to the manual bass and treble settings.
Unique EQ settings can be saved for each source.
If the radio has a Bose® audio system, the EQ
settings are either MANUAL or TALK.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL/FADE (Balance/Fade): To adjust balance
or fade, press the tune knob until the speaker
control labels display. Press the pushbutton
positioned under the desired label. Turn the tune
knob clockwise or counterclockwise to adjust
the highlighted setting. The highlighted setting can
also be adjusted by pressing either the SEEK,
FWD (forward), or REV (reverse) button until the
desired levels are obtained.
To quickly adjust balance or fade to the middle
position, press the pushbutton positioned under the
BAL or FADE label for more than two seconds.
A beep sounds and the level adjusts to the middle
position.
To quickly adjust both the balance and fade to the
middle position at one time, press the tune
knob for more than two seconds until a beep
sounds.
If the Rear Seat Audio (RSA) is turned on, the
radio disables FADE and mutes the rear speakers.
Finding a Category (CAT) Station
CAT (Category): The CAT button is used to find
XM™ stations when the radio is in the XM™
mode. To find XM™ channels within a desired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the BAND button until the XM™
frequency displays. Press the CAT button to
display the category labels on the radio
display. Continue pressing the CAT button
until the desired category name is displayed.
Another way to navigate the category list
is to press the REV button or the FWD button.
2. Press either of the two buttons below
the desired category label to immediately tune
to the first XM™ station associated with
that category.
309
3. Turn the tune knob, press the buttons below
the right or left arrows displayed, or press the
right or left SEEK buttons to go to the next
or previous XM™ station within the selected
category.
4. To exit the category search mode, press the
FAV button or BAND button to display your
favorites again.
Undesired XM™ categories can be removed
through the setup menu. To remove an undesired
category, perform the following:
1. Press the MENU button to display the radio
setup menu.
2. Press the pushbutton located below the XM
CAT label.
3. Turn the tune knob to display the category
you want removed.
4. Press the pushbutton located under the
Remove label until the category name
along with the word Removed displays.
5. Repeat the steps to remove more categories.
310
Removed categories can be restored by pressing
the pushbutton under the Add label when a
removed category displays or by pressing the
pushbutton under the Restore All label.
Categories cannot be removed or added while the
vehicle is moving faster than 5 mph (8 km/h).
Radio Messages
Calibration Error: The audio system has been
calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If
Calibration Error displays, it means that the radio
has not been configured properly for your
vehicle and it must be returned to your dealer for
service.
Locked: This message displays when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up the radio.
Take the vehicle to your dealer for service.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer.
Radio Messages for XM™ Only
See XM Radio Messages on page 335 later in this
section for further detail.
Playing a CD (In Either the DVD
or CD Slot)
Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.
The player pulls it in and the CD should begin
playing (loading a disc into the system, depending
on media type and format ranges from
5 to 20 seconds for a CD, and up to 30 seconds
for a DVD to begin playing).
If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in
the player, it stays in the player. When the ignition
or radio is turned on, the CD starts playing
where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio
source. The CD is controlled by the buttons
on the radio faceplate. The DVD/CD decks, (upper
slot is the DVD deck and the lower slot is the
CD deck) of the radio are compatible with most
audio CDs, CD-R, CD-RW, and MP3s.
When a CD is inserted, the text label DVD or CD
symbol appears on the left side of the radio
display. As each new track starts to play, the track
number appears on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm)
single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs
and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same
manner.
If playing a CD-R, the sound quality can be
reduced due to CD-R quality, the method of
recording, the quality of the music that has been
recorded, and the way the CD-R has been
handled. There can be an increase in skipping,
difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading
and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the
bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD
is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or
scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the
surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs
and DVDs on page 353 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
311
Do not add any label to a CD. It could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
Z CD (Eject): Press and release the CD eject
button to eject the CD that is currently playing
in the bottom slot. A beep sounds and Ejecting
Disc displays. Once the disc is ejected, Remove
Disc displays. The CD can be removed. If the
CD is not removed, after several seconds, the CD
automatically pulls back into the player.
If loading and reading of a CD cannot be
completed, such as unknown format, etc., and the
disc fails to eject, press and hold the DVD eject
button for more than five seconds to force the disc
to eject.
312
Z DVD (Eject): Press and release the DVD
eject button to eject the CD that is currently playing
in the top slot. A beep sounds and Ejecting Disc
displays. Once the disc is ejected, Remove
Disc displays. The CD can be removed. If the CD
is not removed, after several seconds, the CD
automatically pulls back into the player.
If loading and reading of a CD cannot be
completed, such as unknown format, etc., and the
disc fails to eject, press and hold the DVD eject
button for more than five seconds to force the disc
to eject.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select tracks on the
CD that is currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to go to
the start of the current track, if more than
five seconds on the CD have played. If less than
five seconds on the CD have played, the
previous track plays. Press the right SEEK arrow
to go to the next track. If either SEEK arrow is
held, or pressed multiple times, the player
continues moving backward or forward through the
tracks on the CD.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within a track. Sound is
heard at a reduced volume. Release this
pushbutton to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within a track.
Sound is heard at a reduced volume. Release
this button to resume playing the track. The
elapsed time of the track displays.
RDM (Random): With random, tracks can be
listened to in random, rather than sequential order.
To play the tracks from the CD, press the
DVD/CD AUX button when not sourced to the CD,
or insert a disc partway into the slot. A RDM
label displays. Press the pushbutton positioned
under the RDM label until Random Current
Disc displays. Press the pushbutton again to turn
off random play.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD or DVD is playing. The CD or
DVD remains inside the radio for future listening
or for viewing entertainment.
DVD/CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to
cycle through DVD, CD, or Auxiliary when listening
to the radio. The DVD/CD text label and a
message showing the track or chapter number
displays when a disc is in either slot. Press
this button again and the system automatically
searches for an auxiliary input device, such as a
portable audio player. If a portable audio player
is not connected, “No Aux Input Device” displays.
If a disc is in both the DVD slot and the CD
slot the DVD/CD AUX button cycles between the
two sources and not indicate “No Aux Input
Device”. If a front auxiliary device is connected,
the DVD/CD AUX button cycles through all
available options, such as: DVD slot, CD slot,
Front Auxiliary, and Rear Auxiliary (if available).
See “Using the Auxiliary Input Jack(s)” later in this
section, or “Audio/Video (A/V) Jacks” under,
Rear Seat Entertainment System on page 337 for
more information.
If a disc is inserted into top DVD slot, the rear
seat operator can turn on the video screen
and use the remote control to navigate the CD
(tracks only) through the remote control.
313
Audio Output
Only one audio source can be heard through the
speakers at one time. An audio source is
defined as DVD slot, CD slot, XM™, FM/AM,
Front Auxiliary Jack, or Rear Auxiliary Jack.
Press the power button to turn the radio on. The
radio can be heard through all of the vehicle
speakers.
Front seat passengers can listen to the radio (AM,
FM, or XM) by pressing the BAND button or the
DVD/CD AUX button to select CD slot, DVD
slot, front or rear auxiliary input (if available).
If a playback device is plugged into the radio’s
front auxiliary input jack or the rear auxiliary jack,
the front seat passengers are able to listen to
playback from this source through the vehicle
speakers. See “Using the Auxiliary Input Jack(s)”
later in this section, or “Audio/Video (A/V)
Jacks” under, Rear Seat Entertainment System on
page 337 for more information.
314
Playing an MP3/WMA CD-R or
CD-RW Disc
A radio with CD and DVD has the capability of
playing an MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW disc. For
more information on how to play an MP3/WMA
CD-R or CD-RW disc, see “Using an MP3” in
the index.
CD Messages
If these messages displays and/or the CD comes
out, it could be for one of the following reasons:
Optical Error: The disc was inserted
upside down.
Disk Read Error: A disc was inserted with an
invalid or unknown format.
Player Error: There are disc LOAD or disc
EJECT problems.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or
upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour
and try again.
• There could have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label could be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other
reason, try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot
be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio
displays an error message, write it down and
provide it to your dealer when reporting the
problem.
Using the DVD Player
The DVD player is controlled by the buttons on
the remote control or by the buttons on the radio
faceplate. See “Remote Control”, under Rear
Seat Entertainment System on page 337 for more
information.
The DVD player is only compatible with DVDs of
the appropriate region code that is printed on
the jacket of most DVDs.
The DVD slot of the radio is compatible with most
audio CDs, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-Video,
DVD-Audio, DVD-R/RW, DVD+R/RW media along
with MP3 and WMA formats.
If an error message appears on the video screen
or the radio, see “DVD Display Error Messages”
under, Rear Seat Entertainment System on
page 337 and “DVD Radio Error Messages” in this
section for more information.
Playing a DVD
DVD/CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to
cycle through DVD, CD, or Auxiliary when listening
to the radio. The DVD/CD text label and a message
showing track or chapter number displays when a
disc is in either slot. Press this button again and the
system automatically searches for an auxiliary input
device, such as a portable audio player. If a
portable audio player is not connected, “No Aux
Input Device” displays. If a disc is in both the DVD
slot and the CD slot the DVD/CD AUX button cycles
between the two sources and not indicate “No Aux
Input Device”. If a front auxiliary device is
connected, the DVD/CD AUX button cycles through
all available options, such as: DVD slot, CD slot,
Front Auxiliary, and Rear Auxiliary (if available).
315
See “Using the Auxiliary Input Jack(s)” later in this
section, or “Audio/Video (A/V) Jacks” under, Rear
Seat Entertainment System on page 337 for more
information.
O (Power): Press this knob to turn the radio on or
off. Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
increase or decrease the volume. Press and hold
the knob for more than two seconds to turn off the
entire radio and Rear Seat Entertainment (RSE)
system and to start the parental control feature.
Parental control prevents the rear seat occupant
from operating the Rear Seat Audio (RSA) system
or remote control.
A lock symbol appears next to the clock display.
The parental control feature remains on until this
button is pressed and held for more than
two seconds again, or until the driver turns the
ignition off and exits the vehicle.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to change tracks on a CD
or DVD, to manually tune a radio station, or to
change clock or date settings, while in the clock or
date setting mode. See the information given earlier
in this section specific to the radio, CD, and the
DVD. Also, see “Setting the Time” in the index, for
setting the clock and date.
316
© SEEK (Previous Track/Chapter): Press this
button to return to the start of the current track
or chapter. Press this button again to go to
the previous track or chapter. This button might
not work when the DVD is playing the copyright
information or the previews.
SEEK ¨ (Next Track/Chapter): Press this
button to go to the next track or chapter. This
button might not work when the DVD is playing the
copyright information or the previews.
s REV (Reverse): Press this button to quickly
reverse the CD or DVD at five times the normal
speed. The radio displays the elapsed time while in
fast reverse. To stop fast reversing, press this
button again. This button might not work when the
DVD is playing the copyright information or the
previews.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press this button to
fast forward the CD or DVD. The radio displays the
elapsed time and fast forwards five times the
normal speed. To stop fast forwarding, press this
button again. This button might not work when
the DVD is playing the copyright information or the
previews.
Z (Eject): Press this button to eject a CD or
DVD. If a CD or DVD is ejected, but not removed,
the player automatically pulls it back in after
15 seconds.
If loading and reading of a CD cannot be
completed, because of an unknown format, etc.,
and the disc fails to eject, press and hold the
CD eject button for more than five seconds to force
the disc to eject.
DVD-V (Video) Display Buttons
Once a DVD-V is inserted, the radio display menu
shows several tag options for DVD playing.
Press the pushbuttons located under any desired
tag option during DVD playback. See the tag
options listed below for more information.
The rear seat passenger can navigate the DVD-V
menus and controls through the remote control.
See “Remote Control”, under Rear Seat
Entertainment System on page 337 for more
information. The Video Screen automatically turns
on when the DVD-V is inserted into the DVD slot.
r / j (Play/Pause): Press either the play or
pause icon displays on the radio system, to toggle
between pausing or restarting playback of a
DVD. If the forward arrow is showing on display,
the system is in pause mode. If the pause
icon is showing on display, the system is in
playback mode. If the DVD screen is off, press the
play button to turn the screen on.
Some DVDs begin playing after the previews have
finished, although there might be a delay of up
to 30 seconds. If the DVD does not begin playing
the movie automatically, press the pushbutton
located under the play/pause symbol tag displayed
on the radio. If the DVD still does not play, refer
to the on-screen instructions, if available.
c (Stop): Press this button to stop playing,
rewinding, or fast forwarding a DVD.
r (Enter): Press this button to select the
choices that are highlighted in any menu.
317
y (Menu): Press this button to access the DVD
menu. The DVD menu is different on every
DVD. Use the pushbuttons located under the
navigation arrows to navigate the cursor through
the DVD menu. After making a selection press the
enter button. This button only operates when
using a DVD.
Nav (Navigate): Press this button to display
directional arrows for navigating through the
menus.
q (Return): Press this button to exit the current
active menu and return to the previous menu.
This button operates only when a DVD is playing
and a menu is active.
DVD-A (Audio) Display Buttons
Once a DVD-A is inserted, radio display menu
shows several tag options for DVD playing. Press
the pushbuttons located under any desired tag
option during DVD playback. See the tag options
listed below for more information.
The rear seat operator can navigate the DVD-A
menus and controls through the remote control.
See “Remote Control”, under Rear Seat
Entertainment System on page 337 for more
information.
318
The Video Screen does not automatically power
on when the DVD-A is inserted into the DVD slot. It
must be manually turned on by the rear seat
occupant through the remote control power button.
r / j (Play/Pause): Press either the play or
pause icon displays on the radio system, to toggle
between pausing or restarting playback of a
DVD. If the forward arrow is showing on display,
the system is in pause mode. If the pause
icon is showing on display, the system is in
playback mode.
q Group r: Press this button to cycle through
musical groupings on the DVD-A disc.
Nav (Navigate): Press this button to display
directional arrows for navigating through the
menus.
e (Audio Stream): Press this button to cycle
through audio stream formats located on the
DVD-A disc. There is not any type of notification
for the customer to see through the radio
display, but VSM has a text field that shows audio
stream changing.
Inserting a Disc
To play a disc, gently insert the disc, with the label
side up, into the loading slot. The DVD player
might not accept some paper labeled media. The
player starts loading the disc into the system
and show “Loading Disc” on the radio display. At
the same time, the radio displays a softkey
menu of option(s). Some discs automatically play
the movie while others default to the softkey
menu display, which requires the Play, Enter, or
Navigation softkeys to be pressed; either by
softkey or by the rear seat passenger using the
remote control.
Loading a disc into the system, depending
on media type and format, ranges from
5 to 20 seconds for a CD, and up to 30 seconds
for a DVD.
Stopping and Resuming Playback
To stop playing a DVD without turning off the
system, press the stop button on the remote
control, or press the pushbutton located under the
stop or the play/pause symbol tags displayed
on the radio. If the radio head is sourced to
something other than DVD-V, press the DVD/CD
AUX button to make DVD-V the active source.
To resume DVD playback, press the play/pause
button on the remote control, or press the
pushbutton located under the play/pause symbol
tag displayed on the radio. The DVD should resume
play from where it last stopped if the disc has not
been ejected and the stop button has not been
pressed twice on the remote control. If the disc has
been ejected or the stop button has been pressed
twice on the remote control, the disc resumes
playing at the beginning of the disc.
Ejecting a Disc
Press the eject button on the radio to eject the
disc. If a disc is ejected from the radio, but
not removed, the radio reloads the disc after a
short period of time. The disc is stored in the radio.
The radio does not resume play of the disc
automatically. If the RSA system is sourced to the
DVD, the movie when reloaded into the DVD
player begins to play again. In case loading and
reading of a DVD or CD cannot be completed
(unknown format, etc.), and the disc fails to eject,
press and hold the DVD Eject button more
than five seconds to force the disc to eject.
319
DVD Radio Error Messages
Player Error: This message displays when there
are disc load or eject problems.
Disc Format Error: This message displays, if the
disc is inserted with the disc label wrong side
up, or if the disc is damaged.
Disc Region Error: This message displays, if the
disc is not from a correct region.
No Disc Inserted: This message displays, if no
disc is present when the EJECT or DVD/CD AUX
button is pressed on the radio.
Using the Auxiliary Input Jack(s)
The radio system has an auxiliary input jack
located on the lower right side of the faceplate.
This is not an audio output; do not plug the
headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack.
However, an external audio device such as
an iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player, CD player,
or cassette tape player, etc. can be connected
to the auxiliary input jack for use as another source
for audio listening.
320
Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary
device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See
Defensive Driving on page 356 for more
information on driver distraction.
To use a portable audio player, connect a 1/8 inch
(3.5 mm) cable to the radio’s front auxiliary
input jack. While a device is connected, the radio
automatically begins playing audio from the
device over the vehicle speakers.
To listen to a device through the rear auxiliary
input over the speakers, cycle the DVD/CD Aux
button on the radio faceplate until “Rear Aux Input”
displays on the radio. The RSA or DVD Screen
must be on in order for the radio to source to rear
auxiliary.
O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the
volume of the portable player. Additional volume
adjustments might be needed from the portable
device if the volume is not loud or soft enough.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a portable audio device is playing. The
portable audio device continues playing, so you
might want to stop it or power it off.
DVD/CD AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to
cycle through DVD, CD, or Auxiliary when listening
to the radio. The DVD/CD text label and a message
showing track or chapter number displays when a
disc is in either slot. Press this button again and the
system automatically searches for an auxiliary input
device, such as a portable audio player. If a
portable audio player is not connected, “No Aux
Input Device” displays. If a disc is in both the DVD
slot and the CD slot the DVD/CD AUX button cycles
between the two sources and not indicate “No Aux
Input Device”. If a front auxiliary device is
connected, the DVD/CD AUX button cycles through
all available options, such as: DVD slot, CD slot,
Front Auxiliary, and Rear Auxiliary (if available).
See “Using the Auxiliary Input Jack(s)” later in this
section, or “Audio/Video (A/V) Jacks” under, Rear
Seat Entertainment System on page 337 for more
information.
Using an MP3 (Radio with CD or
Six-Disc CD Player)
MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW Disc
The radio plays MP3/WMA files that were recorded
on a CD-R or CD-RW disc. The files can be
recorded with the following fixed bit rates: 32 kbps,
40 kbps, 56 kbps, 64 kbps, 80 kbps, 96 kbps,
112 kbps, 128 kbps, 160 kbps, 192 kbps,
224 kbps, 256 kbps, and 320 kbps or a variable
bit rate. Song title, artist name, and album
are available for display by the radio when
recorded using ID3 tags version 1 and 2.
Compressed Audio
The radio also plays discs that contain both
uncompressed CD audio (.CDA files) and
MP3/WMA files. By default the radio shows the
MP3/WMA label on the left side of the screen but
plays both file formats in the order in which
they were recorded to the disc.
321
MP3/WMA Format
• Minimize the length of the file, folder, or playlist
If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a
personal computer:
• Make sure the MP3/WMA files are recorded
on a CD-R or CD-RW disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3/WMA
files on one disc.
• The CD player is able to read and play a
maximum of 50 folders, 15 playlists, and
a combined total of 512 folders and files.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy to
find songs while driving. Organize songs by
albums using one folder for each album.
Each folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Avoid subfolders. The system can support up to
eight subfolders deep, however, keep the total
number of folders to a minimum in order to
reduce the complexity and confusion in trying to
locate a particular folder during playback.
• Make sure playlists have a .mp3 or .wpl
extension (other file extensions might
not work).
names. Long file, folder, or playlist names, or a
combination of a large number of files and
folders, or playlists can cause the player to be
unable to play up to the maximum number of
files, folders, playlists, or sessions. If you wish
to play a large number of files, folders, playlists
or sessions, minimize the length of the file,
folder, or playlist name. Long names also take
up more space on the display, potentially
getting cut off.
• Finalize the audio disc before you burn it.
Trying to add music to an existing disc might
cause the disc not to function in the player.
322
Playlists can be changed by using the previous
and next folder buttons, the tuner knob, or
the seek buttons. An MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW
that was recorded can also be played using no
file folders. If a CD-R or CD-RW contains
more than the maximum of 50 folders, 15 playlists,
and a combined total of 512 folders and files,
the player lets you access and navigate up to the
maximum, but all items over the maximum are
not accessible.
Root Directory
No Folder
The root directory of the CD-R or CD-RW is
treated as a folder. If the root directory has
compressed audio files, the directory is displayed
as the CD label. All files contained directly
under the root directory are accessed prior to any
root directory folders. However, playlists (Px)
are always accessed before root folders or files.
When the CD-R or CD-RW contains only
compressed files, the files are located under the
root folder. The next and previous folder function
does not display on a CD-R or CD-RW that
was recorded without folders or playlists.
If a disc contains both uncompressed CD
audio (.CDA) and MP3/WMA files, a folder under
the root directory called CD accesses all of
the CD audio tracks on the disc.
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere
in the file structure that contains only
folders/subfolders and no compressed files
directly beneath them, the player advances to
the next folder in the file structure that contains
compressed audio files. The empty folder does
not display.
When the CD-R or CD-RW contains only playlists
and compressed audio files, but no folders, all
files are located under the root folder. The folder
down and the folder up buttons search playlists
(Px) first and then goes to the root folder.
Order of Play
Tracks recorded to the CD-R or CD-RW are
played in the following order:
• Play begins from the first track in the first
playlist and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each playlist. When the last track
of the last playlist has played, play continues
from the first track of the first playlist.
• Play begins from the first track in the first
folder and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each folder. When the last track of
the last folder has played, play continues
from the first track of the first folder.
323
When play enters a new folder, the display does
not automatically show the new folder name unless
you have chosen the folder mode as the default
display. The new track name displays.
File System and Naming
The song name that displays is the song name that
is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name is not
present in the ID3 tag, then the radio displays the
file name without the extension (such as .mp3) as
the track name.
Track names longer than 32 characters or four
pages are shortened. Parts of words on the
last page of text and the extension of the filename
does not display.
Preprogrammed Playlists
Preprogrammed playlists that were created using
WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real Jukebox™
software can be accessed, however, they cannot
be edited using the radio. These playlists are
treated as special folders containing compressed
audio song files.
324
Playing an MP3/WMA
Insert a CD-R or CD-RW partway into the slot
(Single CD Player), or press the load button and
wait for the message to insert disc (Six-Disc CD
Player), label side up. The player pulls it in, and the
CD-R or CD-RW should begin playing.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD-R or
CD-RW in the player, it stays in the player. When
the ignition or radio is turned on, the CD-R or
CD-RW starts to play where it stopped, if it was the
last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number
and song title displays.
If playing a CD-R or CD-RW, the sound quality can
be reduced due to CD-R or CD-RW quality, the
method of recording, the quality of the music that
has been recorded, and the way the CD-R or
CD-RW has been handled. There can be an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks,
and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these
problems occur, check the bottom surface of the
CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as
cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD does not
play properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see
Care of Your CDs and DVDs on page 353 for more
information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more than
one CD is inserted into the slot at a time, or an
attempt is made to play scratched or damaged
CDs, the CD player could be damaged. While
using the CD player, use only CDs in good
condition without any label, load one CD at a
time, and keep the CD player and the loading
slot free of foreign materials, liquids, and
debris.
Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in
the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal
computer and a description label is needed, try
labeling the top of the recorded CD with a
marking pen.
If the CD-R or CD-RW is not removed, after
several seconds, the CD-R or CD-RW
automatically pulls back into the player and
begins playing. For the Six-Disc CD player, press
and hold the eject button for two seconds to
eject all discs.
f (Tune): Turn this knob to select MP3/WMA
files on the CD-R or CD-RW currently playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left SEEK arrow to go to
the start of the current MP3/WMA file, if more
than ten seconds have played. Press the
right SEEK arrow to go to the next MP3/WMA file.
If either SEEK arrow is held or pressed multiple
times, the player continues moving backward
or forward through MP3/WMA files on the CD.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
S c (Previous Folder): Press the pushbutton
Z EJECT: Press the CD eject button to eject
CD-R(s) or CD-RW(s). To eject the CD-R or
CD-RW that is currently playing, press and release
this button. A beep sounds and Ejecting Disc
displays. Once the disc is ejected, Remove Disc
displays. The CD-R or CD-RW can be removed.
c T (Next Folder): Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder label to go to the first
track in the next folder.
positioned under the Folder label to go to the
first track in the previous folder.
325
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button
to reverse playback quickly within an MP3/WMA
file. Sound is heard at a reduced volume. Release
this button to resume playing the file. The
elapsed time of the file displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold this
button to advance playback quickly within an
MP3/WMA file. Sound is heard at a reduced
volume. Release this button to resume playing the
file. The elapsed time of the file displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting,
MP3/WMA files on the CD-R or CD-RW can be
listened to in random, rather than sequential order,
on one CD-R or CD-RW, or all discs in a six-disc
CD player. To use random, do one of the following:
1. To play MP3/WMA files from the CD-R or
CD-RW in random order, press the pushbutton
positioned under the RDM label until Random
Current Disc displays. Press the same
pushbutton again to turn off random play.
2. To play songs from all CDs loaded in a six-disc
CD player in random order, press the
pushbutton positioned under the RDM label
until Randomize All Discs displays. Press the
same pushbutton again to turn off random play.
326
h (Music Navigator): Use the music navigator
feature to play MP3/WMA files on the CD-R or
CD-RW in order by artist or album. Press
the pushbutton located below the music navigator
label. The player scans the disc to sort the files
by artist and album ID3 tag information. It
might take several minutes to scan the disc
depending on the number of MP3/WMA files
recorded to the CD-R or CD-RW. The radio can
begin playing while it is scanning the disc in
the background. When the scan is finished, the
CD-R or CD-RW begins playing again.
Once the disc has scanned, the player defaults to
playing MP3/WMA files in order by artist. The
current artist playing is shown on the second line
of the display between the arrows. Once all
songs by that artist are played, the player moves
to the next artist in alphabetical order on the
CD-R or CD-RW and begins playing MP3/WMA
files by that artist. To listen to MP3/WMA files
by another artist, press the pushbutton located
below either arrow button. The CD goes to
the next or previous artist in alphabetical order.
Continue pressing either button until the desired
artist is displayed.
To change from playback by artist to playback by
album, press the pushbutton located below the Sort
By label. From the sort screen, push one of the
buttons below the album button. Press the
pushbutton below the back label to return to the
main music navigator screen. Now the album name
displays on the second line between the arrows and
songs from the current album begins to play. Once
all songs from that album are played, the player
moves to the next album in alphabetical order on
the CD-R or CD-RW and begins playing MP3/WMA
files from that album.
To exit music navigator mode, press the pushbutton
below the Back label to return to normal MP3/WMA
playback.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when
a CD is playing. The CD remains inside the radio for
future listening.
CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button to play
a CD when listening to the radio. The CD icon and a
message showing disc and/or track number
displays when a CD is in the player. Press this
button again and the system automatically
searches for an auxiliary input device such as a
portable audio player. If a portable audio player is
not connected, “No Input Device Found” displays.
Using an MP3 (Radio with CD and
DVD Player)
MP3/WMA CD-R or CD-RW Disc
Compressed Audio or Mixed Mode Discs
The radio also plays discs that contain both
uncompressed CD audio (.CDA files) and
MP3/WMA files depending on which slot the disc
is loaded into. By default the radio reads only
the uncompressed audio (.CDA) and ignores the
MP3/WMA files on the DVD deck. On the CD
deck, pressing the CAT button toggles between
compressed and uncompressed audio format, the
default being the uncompressed format (.CDA).
MP3/WMA Format
If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a
personal computer:
• Make sure the MP3/WMA files are recorded
on a CD-R or CD-RW disc.
• Do not mix standard audio and MP3/WMA
files on one disc.
327
• The CD player (lower slot) is able to read and
• Minimize the length of the file, folder or playlist
play a maximum combination of 512 files and
folders. The DVD player (upper slot) is
able to read 255 folders, 15 playlists and
40 sessions.
• Create a folder structure that makes it easy
to find songs while driving. Organize songs
by albums using one folder for each album.
Each folder or album should contain 18 songs
or less.
• Avoid subfolders. The system can support up
to eight subfolders deep, however, keep the
total number of folders to a minimum in
order to reduce the complexity and confusion
in trying to locate a particular folder during
playback.
• Make sure playlists have a .m3u, .wpl or .pls
extension as other file extensions may
not work.
names. Long file, folder, or playlist names, or a
combination of a large number of files and
folders, or playlists can cause the player to be
unable to play up to the maximum number of
files, folders, playlists, or sessions. If you wish
to play a large number of files, folders, playlists,
or sessions, minimize the length of the file,
folder, or playlist name. Long names also take
up more space on the display, potentially
getting cut off.
• Finalize the audio disc before you burn it.
Trying to add music to an existing disc can
cause the disc not to function in the player.
328
Root Directory
The root directory of the CD-R or CD-RW is
treated as a folder. If the root directory has
compressed audio files, the directory is displayed
as F1 ROOT. All files contained directly under
the root directory are accessed prior to any root
directory folders. However, playlists (Px) are
always accessed before root folders or files.
Empty Directory or Folder
Order of Play
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere
in the file structure that contains only
folders/subfolders and no compressed files
directly beneath them, the player advances to
the next folder in the file structure that contains
compressed audio files. The empty folder does
not display.
Tracks recorded to the CD-R or CD-RW are
played in the following order:
• Play begins from the first track in the first
playlist and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each playlist. When the last track
of the last playlist has played, play continues
from the first track of the first playlist.
• Play begins from the first track in the first
folder and continues sequentially through
all tracks in each folder. When the last track of
the last folder has played, play continues
from the first track of the first folder.
No Folder
When the CD-R or CD-RW contains only
compressed files, the files are located under the
root folder. The next and previous folder function
does not function on a CD-R or CD-RW that
was recorded without folders or playlists. When
displaying the name of the folder the radio
displays ROOT.
When the CD-R or CD-RW contains only playlists
and compressed audio files, but no folders, all
files are located under the root folder. The folder
down and the folder up buttons search playlists
(Px) first and then goes to the root folder.
When the radio displays the name of the folder
the radio displays ROOT.
When play enters a new folder, the display does
not automatically show the new folder name unless
the folder mode was chosen as the default
display. The new track name displays.
329
File System and Naming
The song name that is displayed is the song name
that is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song
name is not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio
displays the file name without the extension
(such as .mp3) as the track name.
Track names longer than 32 characters or four
pages are shortened. Parts of words on the
last page of text and the extension of the filename
displays.
Preprogrammed Playlists
Preprogrammed playlists that were created using
WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real Jukebox™
software can be accessed, however, they cannot
be edited using the radio. These playlists are
treated as special folders containing compressed
audio song files.
Playing an MP3/WMA (In Either the DVD or
CD Slot)
Insert a CD-R or CD-RW partway into either the top
or bottom slot, label side up. The player pulls it in,
and the CD-R or CD-RW should begin playing.
Depending on the format of the disc, a softkey
menu appears and allows navigation of the disc.
The menu reads left to right as RDM (Randomize
song play order), a Folder icon with left and
right arrows (to move up or down through available
folders), a PL tag if the disc has a Playlist
available, and a Music Navigator tag. If a Playlist
tag is shown, toggling this key brings up a
Folder softkey only or the menu as previously
described.
If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD-R or
CD-RW in the player, it stays in the player.
When the ignition or radio is turned on, the CD-R
or CD-RW starts to play where it stopped, if it
was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number
and song title displays.
330
If playing a CD-R or CD-RW, the sound quality
can be reduced due to CD-R or CD-RW quality,
the method of recording, the quality of the
music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R or CD-RW has been handled. There can be
an increase in skipping, difficulty in finding
tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If
these problems occur, check the bottom surface of
the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged,
such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD
does not play properly. If the surface of the CD is
soiled, see Care of Your CDs and DVDs on
page 353 for more information.
If there is no apparent damage, try a known
good CD.
Notice: If a label is added to a CD, or more
than one CD is inserted into the slot at a time,
or an attempt is made to play scratched or
damaged CDs, the CD player could be
damaged. While using the CD player, use only
CDs in good condition without any label,
load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player
and the loading slot free of foreign materials,
liquids, and debris.
Do not add any label to a CD. It could get caught
in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a
personal computer and a description label is
needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD
with a marking pen.
If an error displays, see “CD Messages” later in
this section.
Z CD (Eject): Press and release the Z CD
button to eject the CD-R or CD-RW that is
currently playing in the bottom slot. A beep sounds
and Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc is
ejected, Remove Disc displays. The CD-R can be
removed. If the CD-R or CD-RW is not removed,
after several seconds, the CD-R or CD-RW
automatically pulls back into the player.
If loading and reading of a CD cannot be
completed, such as unknown format, etc., and the
disc fails to eject, press and hold the Z CD
button for more than five seconds to force the disc
to eject.
331
Z DVD (Eject): Press and release the Z
DVD button to eject the CD-R or CD-RW that is
currently playing in the top slot. A beep sounds
and Ejecting Disc displays. Once the disc is
ejected, Remove Disc displays. The CD-R or
CD-RW can be removed. If the CD-R or CD-RW
is not removed, after several seconds, the CD-R or
CD-RW automatically pulls back into the player.
If loading and reading of a CD cannot be
completed, such as unknown format, etc., and the
disc fails to eject, press and hold the Z DVD
button for more than five seconds to force the disc
to eject.
f (Tune): Turn the f knob to select MP3/WMA
files on the CD-R or CD-RW that is currently
playing.
© SEEK ¨: Press the left © SEEK arrow to go
to the start of the current MP3/WMA file, if more
than five seconds have played. If less than
five seconds have played, the previous MP3/WMA
file plays. Press the right ¨ SEEK arrow to go to
the next MP3/WMA file. If either the left © or
right ¨ SEEK arrow is held, or pressed multiple
times, the player continues moving backward or
forward through the MP3/WMA files on the CD.
332
Sc (Previous Folder): Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder label to go to the
first track in the previous folder.
cT (Next Folder): Press the pushbutton
positioned under the Folder label to go to the first
track in the next folder.
s REV (Reverse): Press and hold the s REV
button to reverse playback quickly within an
MP3/WMA file. Sound is heard at a reduced
volume. Release the s REV button to resume
playing the file. The elapsed time of the file
displays.
\ FWD (Fast Forward): Press and hold
the \ FWD button to advance playback quickly
within an MP3/WMA file. Sound is heard at a
reduced volume. Release the \ FWD button to
resume playing the file. The elapsed time of
the file displays.
RDM (Random): With the random setting,
MP3/WMA files on the CD-R or CD-RW can be
listened to in random, rather than sequential order.
To play MP3/WMA files from the CD-R or
CD-RW you are listening to in random order,
press the pushbutton positioned under the RDM
label until Random Current Disc displays.
Press the same pushbutton again to turn off
random play.
h (Music Navigator): Use the music navigator
feature to play MP3/WMA files on the CD-R or
CD-RW in order by artist or album. Press
the pushbutton located below the music navigator
label. The player scans the disc to sort the files
by artist and album ID3 tag information. It
might take several minutes to scan the disc
depending on the number of MP3/WMA files
recorded to the CD-R or CD-RW.
To cancel music navigator while the player is
scanning, press the pushbutton located below the
music navigator label or eject the disc.
The radio can begin playing while it is scanning
the disc in the background. When the scan is
finished, the CD-R or CD-RW begins playing
again.
Once the disc has been scanned, the player
defaults to playing MP3/WMA files in order
by artist. The current artist playing is shown on the
second line of the display between the arrows. If
you want to listen to MP3/WMA files by another
artist, press the pushbutton located below
either arrow button. The disc goes to the next or
previous artist in alphabetical order. Continue
pressing either button until the desired artist
is displayed.
To change from playback by artist to playback by
album, press the pushbutton located below the
Sort By label. From the sort screen, push one of
the buttons below the album button. Press the
pushbutton below the back label to return to the
main music navigator screen. Now the album
name is displayed on the second line between the
arrows and songs from the current album begin
to play. Once all songs from that album are played,
the player moves to the next album in alphabetical
order on the CD-R or CD-RW and begins
playing MP3/WMA files from that album.
333
To exit music navigator mode, press the
pushbutton below the Back label to return to
normal MP3/WMA playback.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio
when a CD or a DVD is playing. The CD or DVD
remains inside the radio for future listening or
viewing entertainment.
DVD/CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to
cycle through DVD, CD, or Auxiliary when listening
to the radio. The DVD/CD text label and a message
showing track or chapter number displays when a
disc is in either slot. Press this button again and the
system automatically searches for an auxiliary input
device, such as a portable audio player. If a
portable audio player is not connected, “No Aux
Input Device” displays.
334
If a disc is in both the DVD slot and the CD slot the
DVD/CD AUX button cycles between the two
sources and not indicate “No Aux Input Device”. If a
front auxiliary device is connected, the DVD/
CD AUX button cycles through all available options,
such as: DVD slot, CD slot, Front Auxiliary, and
Rear Auxiliary (if available). See “Using the
Auxiliary Input Jack(s)” later in this section, or
“Audio/Video (A/V) Jacks” under, Rear Seat
Entertainment System on page 337 for more
information.
If a MP3/WMA is inserted into top DVD slot, the rear
seat operator can turn on the video screen and use
the remote control to navigate the CD (tracks only)
through the remote control.
XM Radio Messages
Radio Display Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
XL on the radio display,
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
Channels)
after the channel name,
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
indicates content with
explicit language.
XM Updating
Updating encryption code The encryption code in the receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No XM Signal
Loss of signal
The system is functioning correctly, but the vehicle is in a
location that is blocking the XM™ signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
The audio system is acquiring and processing audio and
(after four second delay) text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
Channel Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
Channel Unavail
Channel no longer
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
available
Tune to another station. If this station was one of the
presets, choose another station for that preset button.
No Artist Info
Artist Name/Feature not
No artist information is available at this time on this channel.
available
The system is working properly.
No Title Info
Song/Program Title not
No song title information is available at this time on this
available
channel. The system is working properly.
No CAT Info
Category Name not
No category information is available at this time on this
available
channel. The system is working properly.
No Information
No Text/Informational
No text or informational messages are available at this time
message available
on this channel. The system is working properly.
335
Radio Display Message
Condition
CAT Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
XM TheftLocked
Theft lock active
XM Radio ID
Unknown
Check XM Receivr
XM Not Available
336
Action Required
There are no channels available for the selected category.
The system is working properly.
The XM™ receiver in the vehicle could have previously
been in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM™
receivers cannot be swapped between vehicles. If this
message appears after having your vehicle serviced, check
with your dealer.
Radio ID label (channel 0) If tuned to channel 0, this message alternates with the
XM™ Radio eight digit radio ID label. This label is needed
to activate the service.
Radio ID not known
If this message is received when tuned to channel 0, there
(should only be if
could be a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer/retailer.
hardware failure)
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver could have a fault. Consult with your
dealer/retailer.
XM™ Not Available
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
the receiver could have a fault. Consult with your
dealer/retailer.
Navigation/Radio System
Before You Drive
Your vehicle may have a navigation radio system.
The RSE is designed for rear seat passengers
only. The driver cannot safely view the video
screen while driving and should not try to do so.
The navigation system has built-in features
intended to minimize driver distraction. Technology
alone, no matter how advanced, can never
replace your own judgment. See the Navigation
System manual for some tips to help you
reduce distractions while driving.
Rear Seat Entertainment System
Your vehicle may have a DVD Rear Seat
Entertainment (RSE) system. The RSE system
works with the vehicle’s audio system. The
DVD player is part of the front radio. The RSE
system includes a radio with a DVD player, a video
display screen, audio/video jacks, two wireless
headphones, and a remote control. See Radio with
CD and DVD (MP3) on page 305 for more
information on the vehicle’s audio/DVD system.
In severe or extreme weather conditions the
RSE system may or may not work until the
temperature is within the operating range. The
operating range for the RSE system is above
−4°F (−20°C) or below 140°F (60°C). If the
temperature of your vehicle is outside of this
range, heat or cool the vehicle until the
temperature is within the operating range of the
RSE system.
Parental Control
The RSE system may have a Parental Control
feature, depending on which radio you have. The
Parental Control feature turns off the video
screen and Rear Seat Audio (RSA). This feature
also disables all button operations from the remote
control and all audio button operations from the
RSA. This feature can be used to gain the
attention of the rear passengers that are using
headphones.
337
To enable Parental Control, press and hold the
radio power button for more than two seconds. If
on, the radio, video screen, and RSA turns
off. If a DVD and/or CD is playing, it stops. While
Parental Control is on, either a padlock icon or
a text message comes on, depending on the radio.
When the radio is turned back on, the RSE
system remains in Parental Control.
Headphones
To turn off Parental Control, press and hold the
radio power button for more than two seconds. The
video screen and RSA returns to the state they
were in before Parental Control was turned on and
if the padlock icon is on the display, it disappears.
Parental Control is also turned off by inserting
or ejecting a disc, by pressing the play icon on the
radio DVD display menu, or when the ignition is
turned off.
The RSE includes two 2-channel wireless
headphones that are dedicated to this system.
These headphones are used to listen to media
such as CDs, DVDs, MP3s, DVDAs, radio,
any auxiliary source connected to A/V jacks, or
the auxiliary input jack, if your vehicle has
this feature. The wireless headphones have an
On/Off button, channel 1/2 switch, and a volume
control.
If your vehicle has a third row video screen
display, it has two additional headphones.
338
Push the power button to turn on the headphones.
An indicator light located on the headphones
comes on. If the light does not come on,
the batteries may need to be replaced. See
“Battery Replacement” later in this section for more
information. Switch the headphones to Off when
not in use. Channel 1 is dedicated to the video
screen, while Channel 2 is dedicated to RSA
selections.
Infrared transmitters are located at the rear of the
RSE overhead console. The headphones shut
off automatically to save the battery power if the
RSE system and RSA are shut off or if the
headphones are out of range of the transmitters
for more than three minutes. If you move too
far forward or step out of the vehicle, the
headphones lose the audio signal.
The headphones automatically turns off after
four hours of continuous use.
To adjust the volume on the headphones, use the
volume control located on the right side.
For optimal audio performance, the headphones
must be worn correctly. The symbol L (Left)
appears on the upper left side, above the ear pad
and should be positioned on the left ear. The
symbol R (Right) appears on the upper right side,
above the ear pad and should be positioned on
the right ear.
If the remote control becomes lost or damaged, a
new universal remote control can be purchased.
If this happens, make sure the universal
remote control uses a code set of Toshiba®.
Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat
or direct sunlight. This could damage the
headphones and repairs will not be covered by
your warranty. Keep the headphones stored
in a cool, dry place.
If the foam ear pads attached to the headphones
become worn or damaged, the pads can be
replaced separately from the headphone set
through your dealer for more information.
339
Battery Replacement
Audio/Video (A/V) Jacks
To change the batteries on the headphones, do
the following:
1. Turn the screw with a coin or screw driver
to loosen the battery door located on the left
side of the headphones. Slide the battery
door open.
2. Replace the two batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly,
using the diagram on the inside of the battery
compartment.
3. Replace the battery door and tighten the door
screw.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long
period of time, remove the batteries and keep them
in a cool, dry place.
The A/V jacks, located on the rear of the floor
console, allow audio or video signals to be
connected from an auxiliary device such as a
camcorder or a video game unit to the RSE system.
Adapter connectors or cables may be required to
connect the auxiliary device to the A/V jacks. Refer
to the manufacturer’s instructions for proper usage.
The A/V jacks are color coded to match typical
home entertainment system equipment. The yellow
jack (A) is for the video input. The white jack (B) is
for the left audio input. The red jack (C) is for the
right audio input.
Power for auxiliary devices is not supplied by the
radio system.
340
To use the auxiliary inputs of the RSE system,
connect an external auxiliary device to the
color-coded A/V jacks and turn both the auxiliary
device and the video screen power on. If the
video screen is in the DVD player mode, pressing
the AUX (auxiliary) button on the remote control
switches the video screen from the DVD
player mode to the auxiliary device. The radio can
listen to the audio of the connected auxiliary
device by sourcing to auxiliary. See Radio with CD
and DVD (MP3) on page 305 for more information.
How to Change the RSE Video Screen
Settings
The screen display mode (normal, full, and zoom),
screen brightness, and setup menu language
can be changed from the on screen setup menu.
To change any feature, do the following:
1. Press the display menu button on the remote
control.
2. Use the remote control menu navigation
arrows and the enter button to use the
setup menu.
Audio Output
Audio from the DVD player or auxiliary inputs may
be heard through the following possible sources:
• Wireless Headphones
• Vehicle Speakers
• Vehicle wired headphone jacks on the rear
seat audio system, if your vehicle has this
feature.
The RSE system always transmits the audio
signal to the wireless headphones, if there is audio
available. See “Headphones” earlier in this
section for more information.
The DVD player is capable of outputting audio to
the wired headphone jacks on the RSA system,
if your vehicle has this feature. The DVD
player may be selected as an audio source on the
RSA system. See Rear Seat Audio (RSA) on
page 348 for more information.
3. Press the display menu button again to
remove the setup menu from the screen.
341
When a device is connected to the A/V jacks, or
the radio’s auxiliary input jack, if your vehicle
has this feature, the rear seat passengers are able
to hear audio from the auxiliary device through
the wireless or wired headphones. The front seat
passengers are able to listen to playback from
this device through the vehicle speakers by
selecting AUX as the source on the radio.
Video Screen
The video screen is located in the RSE overhead
console.
To use the video screen, do the following:
1. Push the release button located on the RSE
overhead console.
2. Turn the screen to the desired position.
When the video screen is not in use, push it up
into its locked position.
342
If a DVD is playing and the screen is raised to its
locked position, the screen remains on, this is
normal, and the DVD continues to play through the
previous audio source. Use the remote control
power button or eject the disc to turn off the
screen.
The RSE overhead console contains the infrared
receivers for the wireless headphones and the
infrared receivers for the remote control. They are
located at the rear of the console.
Notice: Avoid directly touching the video
screen, as damage may occur. See “Cleaning
the Video Screen” later in this section for
more information.
Remote Control
Remote Control Buttons
To use the remote control, aim it at the transmitter
window at the rear of the RSE overhead console
and press the desired button. Direct sunlight
or very bright light could affect the ability of the
RSE transmitter to receive signals from the remote
control. If the remote control does not seem to
be working, the batteries might need to be
replaced. See “Battery Replacement” later in this
section. Objects blocking the line of sight could
also affect the function of the remote control.
If a CD or DVD is in the Radio DVD slot,
the remote control power button can be used to
turn on the video screen display and start the disc.
The radio can also turn on the video screen
display. See Radio with CD and DVD (MP3) on
page 305 for more information.
Notice: Storing the remote control in a hot area
or in direct sunlight can damage it, and the
repairs will not be covered by your warranty.
Keep the remote control stored in a cool, dry
place.
O (Power): Press this button to turn the video
screen on and off.
P (Illumination): Press this button to turn the
remote control backlight on. The backlight
automatically times out after seven to ten seconds if
no other button is pressed while the backlight is on.
343
v (Title): Press this button to return the DVD to
c (Stop): Press this button to stop playing,
the main menu of the DVD. This function could
vary for each disc.
rewinding, or fast forwarding a DVD. Press this
button twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
y (Main Menu): Press this button to access the
s (Play/Pause): Press this button to start
playing a DVD. Press this button while a DVD is
playing to pause it. Press it again to continue
playing the DVD.
DVD menu. The DVD menu is different on every
DVD. Use the up, down, left, and right arrow
buttons to move the cursor around the DVD menu.
After making a selection press the enter button.
This button only operates when using a DVD.
z (Display Menu): Press this button to adjust
When the DVD is playing, depending on the radio,
you may be able to do slow play by pressing
the pause button then pressing the fast forward
button. The DVD continues playing in a slow play
mode. You may also, depending on the radio,
perform reverse slow play by pressing the pause
button and then pressing the fast reverse
button. To cancel slow play mode, press the
play/pause button.
the brightness, screen display mode (normal,
full, or zoom), and display the language menu.
t (Previous Track/Chapter): Press this button
n, q, p, o (Menu Navigation Arrows): Use
the arrow buttons to navigate through a menu.
r (Enter): Press this button to select the choice
that is highlighted in any menu.
q (Return): Press this button to exit the current
active menu and return to the previous menu.
This button operates only when the display menu
or a DVD menu is active.
344
to return to the start of the current track or
chapter. Press this button again to go to the
previous track or chapter. This button might not
work when the DVD is playing the copyright
information or the previews.
u (Next Track/Chapter): Press this button to go
{ (Subtitles): Press this button to turn ON/OFF
to the beginning of the next chapter or track.
This button might not work when the DVD
is playing the copyright information or the
previews.
subtitles and to move through subtitle options
when a DVD is playing. The format and content of
this function varies for each disc.
r (Fast Reverse): Press this button to quickly
reverse the DVD or CD. To stop fast reversing
a DVD video, press the play button. To stop fast
reversing a DVD audio or CD, release the fast
reverse button. This button might not work when
the DVD is playing the copyright information or the
previews.
[ (Fast Forward): Press this button to fast
forward the DVD or CD. To stop fast forwarding a
DVD video, press the play button. To stop fast
forwarding a DVD audio or CD, release the
fast forward button. This button may not work
when the DVD is playing the copyright information
or the previews.
e (Audio): Press this button to change audio
tracks on DVDs that have this feature when
the DVD is playing. The format and content of this
function varies for each disc.
AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to switch the
system between the DVD player and an auxiliary
source.
d (Camera): Press this button to change camera
angles on DVDs that have this feature when a
DVD is playing. The format and content of
this function varies for each disc.
1 through 0 (Numeric Keypad): The numeric
keypad provides the capability of direct chapter or
track number selection.
\ (Clear): Press this button within three seconds
after entering a numeric selection, to clear all
numerical inputs.
} 10 (Double Digit Entries): Press this button to
select chapter or track numbers greater than
nine. Press this button before entering the number.
345
Battery Replacement
To change the remote control batteries, do the
following:
1. Remove the battery compartment door
located on the bottom of the remote control.
2. Replace the two batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly,
using the diagram on the inside of the battery
compartment.
3. Close the battery door securely.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long
period of time, remove the batteries and keep them
in a cool, dry place.
346
Problem
No power.
Recommended Action
The ignition might not be
turned on or in accessory.
The picture does not fill the Check the display mode
screen. There are black
settings in the setup menu
borders on the top and
by pressing the display
bottom or on both sides or menu button on the remote
it looks stretched out.
control.
In auxiliary mode, the
Check the auxiliary input
picture moves or scrolls.
connections at both
devices.
The remote control does
Check to make sure there
not work.
is no obstruction between
the remote control and the
transmitter window.
Check the batteries to
make sure they are not
dead or installed
incorrectly.
After stopping the player,
If the stop button was
I push Play but sometimes pressed one time, the DVD
the DVD starts where I left player resumes playing
off and sometimes at the
where the DVD was
beginning.
stopped. If the stop button
was pressed two times
the DVD player begins to
play from the beginning of
the DVD.
Problem
The auxiliary source is
running but there is no
picture or sound.
Recommended Action
Check that the RSE video
screen is in the auxiliary
source mode.
Check the auxiliary input
connections at both
devices.
Sometimes the wireless
Check for obstructions,
headphone audio cuts out low batteries, reception
or buzzes.
range, and interference
from cellular telephone
towers or by using your
cellular telephone in the
vehicle.
Check that the
headphones are on
correctly using the L (left)
and R (right) on the
headphones.
I lost the remote and/or
See your dealer for
the headphones.
assistance.
The DVD is playing, but
Check that the RSE video
there is no picture or
screen is sourced to the
sound.
DVD player.
DVD Display Error Messages
The DVD display error message depends on
which radio you have. The video screen may
display one of the following:
Disc Load/Eject Error: This message is
displayed when there are disc load or eject
problems.
Disc Format Error: This message is displayed, if
the disc is inserted with the disc label wrong
side up, or if the disc is damaged.
Disc Region Error: This message is displayed, if
the disc is not from a correct region.
No Disc Inserted: This message is displayed, if
no disc is present when the EJECT button is
pressed on the radio.
347
DVD Distortion
Rear Seat Audio (RSA)
Video distortion may occur when operating cellular
phones, scanners, CB radios, Global Position
Systems (GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile fax, or
walkie talkies.
This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen
to and control any of the music sources: radio,
CDs, DVDs, or other auxiliary sources. However,
the rear seat passengers can only control the
music sources the front seat passengers are not
listening to (except on some radios where
dual control is allowed). For example, rear seat
passengers can listen to and control a CD through
the headphones, while the driver listens to the
radio through the front speakers. The rear
seat passengers have control of the volume for
each set of headphones.
It might be necessary to turn off the DVD player
when operating one of these devices in or near the
vehicle.
*Excludes the OnStar® System.
Cleaning the RSE Overhead Console
When cleaning the RSE overhead console surface,
use only a clean cloth dampened with clean
water.
Cleaning the Video Screen
When cleaning the video screen, use only a clean
cloth dampened with clean water. Use care
when directly touching or cleaning the screen, as
damage may result.
You can operate the RSA functions even when
the main radio is off.
Audio can be heard through wired headphones
(not included) plugged into the jacks on the RSA.
If your vehicle has this feature, audio can also
be heard on Channel 2 of the wireless
headphones.
The audio system mutes the rear speakers when
the RSA audio is active through the headphones.
348
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between the radio (AM/FM), XM (if equipped), CD,
and if your vehicle has these features, DVD,
front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
© ¨ (Seek): When listening to FM, AM, or XM
(if equipped), press the seek up or the seek
down arrow to go to the next or the previous
station or channels and stay there. This function is
inactive, with some radios, if the front seat
passengers are listening to the radio.
P (Power): Press this button to turn the RSA on
or off.
Volume: Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease the volume of the wired headphones.
The left knob controls the left headphones and the
right knob controls the right headphones.
Press and hold the seek up or seek down arrow
until the display flashes, to tune to an individual
station. The display will stop flashing after
the buttons have not been pushed for more than
two seconds. This function is inactive, with
some radios, if the front seat passengers are
listening to the radio.
349
While listening to a disc, press the seek up arrow
to goto the next track or chapter on the disc.
Press the seek down arrow to go back to the start
of the current track or chapter (if more than
ten seconds have played). This function is inactive,
with some radios, if the front seat passengers
are listening to the disc.
When a DVD video menu is being displayed,
press the seek up arrow or seek down arrow to
perform a cursor up or down on the menu.
Hold the seek up arrow or seek down arrow to
perform a cursor right or left on the menu.
PROG (Program): Press this button to go to the
next preset radio station or channel set on the
main radio. This function is inactive, with
some radios, if the front seat passengers are
listening to the radio.
When a CD or DVD audio is playing, press this
button to go to the beginning of the CD or
DVD audio. This function is inactive, with some
radios, if the front seat passengers are listening to
the disc.
350
When a disc audio is playing in the CD or DVD
changer, press this button to select the next disc, if
multiple discs are loaded. This function is
inactive, with some radios, if the front seat
passengers are listening to the disc.
When a DVD video menu is being displayed,
press the PROG button to perform the menu
function, enter.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of
your vehicle’s radio. The feature works
automatically by learning a portion of the Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN). If the radio is
moved to a different vehicle, it does not operate
and LOCKED displays.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
If your vehicle has audio
steering wheel controls,
they could differ
depending on your
vehicle’s options. Some
audio controls can
be adjusted at
the steering wheel.
They include the
following:
xw (Next/Previous): Press the up or the down
arrow to go to the next or to the previous radio
station stored as a favorite.
When a CD/DVD is playing, press the up or the
down arrow to go to the next or previous track or
chapter.
g (Mute/Voice Recognition): Press and release
this button to silence the vehicle speakers only.
The audio of the wireless and wired headphones, if
your vehicle has these features, does not mute.
Press and release this button again, to turn
the sound on.
If your vehicle has the navigation system, press
and hold this button for longer than one second to
initiate voice recognition. See “Voice Recognition”
in the Navigation System manual for more
information.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, press and hold this
button for longer than one second to interact
with the OnStar® system. If your vehicle also has
the navigation system, press and hold this
button for longer than one second to initiate voice
recognition and say “OnStar” to enter OnStar®
mode. See the OnStar® System on page 173 in
this manual for more information.
351
SRCE (Source): Press this button to switch
between the radio (AM, FM), XM™ (if equipped),
CD, and if your vehicle has these features,
DVD, front auxiliary, and rear auxiliary.
+ e − e (Volume): Press the plus or minus
button to increase or to decrease the radio volume.
¨ (Seek): Press the seek arrow to go to the
next radio station while in AM, FM, or XM™
(if equipped). Press this button to go to the next
track or chapter while sourced to the CD or
DVD slot.
Radio Reception
Frequency interference and static during normal
radio reception can occur if items such as
cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience
accessories, and external electronic devices are
plugged into the accessory power outlet. If there is
interference or static, unplug the item from the
accessory power outlet.
352
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for
FM, especially at night. The longer range can cause
station frequencies to interfere with each other. For
better radio reception, most AM radio stations boost
the power levels during the day, and then reduce
these levels during the night. Static can also occur
when things like storms and power lines interfere
with radio reception. When this happens, try
reducing the treble on your radio.
FM Stereo
FM stereo gives the best sound, but FM signals
reach about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to fade in and out.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
XM™ Satellite Radio Service gives digital radio
reception from coast-to-coast in the 48 contiguous
United States, and in Canada. Just as with FM,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with satellite
radio signals, causing the sound to fade in and out.
In addition, traveling or standing under heavy
foliage, bridges, garages, or tunnels can cause
loss of the XM™ signal for a period of time.
The radio could display NO XM SIGNAL to indicate
interference.
Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while
handling it; this could damage the surface. Pick up
CDs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of
the hole and the outer edge.
Care of the CD and DVD Player
The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not
advised, due to the risk of contaminating the lens
of the CD optics with lubricants internal to the
CD mechanism.
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original
cases or other protective cases and away from
direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the
bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a
CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken,
or scratched, the CD does not play properly or not
at all. If the surface of a CD is soiled, take a
soft, lint free cloth or dampen a clean, soft cloth in
a mild, neutral detergent solution mixed with
water, and clean it. Make sure the wiping process
starts from the center to the edge.
353
Rear Side Window Antenna
Your AM-FM antenna is located in the passenger
rear side windows. Be sure that the inside
surfaces of the rear side windows are not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surfaces are damaged, they
could interfere with radio reception.
Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to
clear the inside of the rear side windows
may affect radio reception or damage the rear
window defogger. Repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Do not clear the
inside of the rear side windows with sharp
objects.
Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting
with metallic film. The metallic film in some
tinting materials will interfere with or distort the
incoming radio reception. Any damage
caused to your antenna due to metallic tinting
materials will not be covered by your
warranty.
Because this antenna is built into your rear side
window, there is a reduced risk of damage caused
by car washes and vandals.
354
If you choose to add an aftermarket cellular
telephone to your vehicle, and the antenna needs
to be attached to the glass, be sure that you
do not damage the grid lines for the AM-FM
antennas or place the cellular telephone antenna
over the grid lines.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System
The XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on
the roof of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of
snow and ice build up for clear radio reception.
The performance of the XM™ system may
be affected if the sunroof is open.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can
interfere with the performance of the XM™ system.
Make sure the XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is
not obstructed.
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your
Vehicle ..................................................... 356
Defensive Driving ...................................... 356
Drunken Driving ........................................ 357
Control of a Vehicle .................................. 360
Braking ...................................................... 360
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .................. 361
Braking in Emergencies ............................. 363
Locking Rear Axle ..................................... 363
StabiliTrak® System ................................... 363
Steering .................................................... 367
Off-Road Recovery .................................... 369
Passing ..................................................... 369
Loss of Control .......................................... 371
Off-Road Driving ........................................ 372
Driving at Night ......................................... 389
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ............ 390
City Driving ............................................... 393
Freeway Driving ........................................ 394
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .................. 396
Highway Hypnosis ..................................... 397
Hill and Mountain Roads ........................... 398
Winter Driving ........................................... 400
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,
Ice, or Snow .......................................... 404
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out ........... 405
Recovery Hooks ........................................ 406
Loading Your Vehicle ................................ 407
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar
Equipment .............................................. 412
Towing ........................................................ 417
Towing Your Vehicle ................................. 417
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...................... 418
Level Control ............................................. 421
Autoride® ................................................... 422
Towing a Trailer ........................................ 422
Trailer Recommendations .......................... 440
355
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in
your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They
Are for Everyone on page 38.
356
{CAUTION:
Defensive driving really means “Be ready
for anything.” On city streets, rural roads,
or expressways, it means “Always expect
the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians
or other drivers are going to be careless
and make mistakes. Anticipate what they
might do and be ready. Rear-end
collisions are about the most preventable
of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow
enough following distance. Defensive
driving requires that a driver concentrate
on the driving task. Anything that
distracts from the driving task makes
proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with
resulting injury. Ask a passenger to help
do these things, or pull off the road in a
safe place to do them. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save
your life.
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and
driving is a national tragedy. It is the number one
contributor to the highway death toll, claiming
thousands of victims every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
• Judgment
• Muscular Coordination
• Vision
• Attentiveness
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most
cases, these deaths are the result of someone who
was drinking and driving. In recent years, more
than 16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths
have been associated with the use of alcohol, with
more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the
adult population — choose never to drink
alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For
persons under 21, it is against the law in
every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good
medical, psychological, and developmental
reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink
alcohol and then drive. But what if people do?
How much is “too much” if someone plans
to drive? It is a lot less than many might think.
Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some general information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of
someone who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before
and during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol
357
According to the American Medical Association, a
180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with
a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would
reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce
(120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if
each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of liquors like
whiskey, gin, or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For
example, if the same person drank three double
martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each)
within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close
to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food
just before or during drinking will have a somewhat
lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women
generally have a lower relative percentage of body
water than men. Since alcohol is carried in body
water, this means that a woman generally will
reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same
body weight will when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in most U.S. states, and throughout
Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In
some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and
Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers
in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
358
But the ability to drive is affected well below a
BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that
the driving skills of many people are impaired at a
BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the
effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired
at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics
show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of
having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent,
the chance of this driver having a collision is
12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the
chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the
alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number
of cold showers will speed that up. “I will be careful”
is not the right answer. What if there is an
emergency, a need to take sudden action, as when
a child darts into the street? A person with even a
moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly
enough to avoid the collision.
There is something else about drinking and driving
that many people do not know. Medical research
shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make
crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the
brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when
anyone who has been drinking — driver or
passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance
of being killed or permanently disabled is
higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very
dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions,
attentiveness, and judgment can be
affected by even a small amount of
alcohol. You can have a serious — or
even fatal — collision if you drive after
drinking. Please do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking.
Ride home in a cab; or if you are with a
group, designate a driver who will not
drink.
359
Control of a Vehicle
You have three systems that make your vehicle
go where you want it to go. They are the brakes,
the steering, and the accelerator. All three
systems have to do their work at the places where
the tires meet the road.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or
ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems
than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose control of your vehicle. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 363.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 444.
Braking
See Brake System Warning Light on page 249.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake
pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to
bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.
360
Average reaction time is about three-fourths of a
second. But that is only an average. It might be less
with one driver and as long as two or three seconds
or more with another. Age, physical condition,
alertness, coordination, and eyesight all play a part.
So do alcohol, drugs, and frustration. But even in
three-fourths of a second, a vehicle moving at
60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That
could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and
others is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary
greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is
pavement or gravel; the condition of the road,
whether it is wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the condition
of the brakes; the weight of the vehicle; and the
amount of brake force applied.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic.
This is a mistake. The brakes may not have time to
cool between hard stops. The brakes will wear out
much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you
keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic
following distances, you will eliminate a lot of
unnecessary braking. That means better braking
and longer brake life.
If your vehicle’s engine ever stops while you are
driving, brake normally but do not pump the
brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to
push down. If the engine stops, you will still have
some power brake assist. But you will use it
when you brake. Once the power assist is used
up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 444.
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle has the Anti-Lock Brake System
(ABS), an advanced electronic braking system that
will help prevent a braking skid.
If there is a problem
with ABS, this warning
light will stay on.
See Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning
Light on page 251.
Along with ABS, your vehicle has a Dynamic Rear
Proportioning (DRP) system. If there is a DRP
problem, both the brake and ABS warning lights
will come on accompanied by a 10-second
chime. The lights and chime will come on each
time the ignition is turned on until the problem is
repaired. See your dealer for service.
When you start your engine and begin to drive
away, ABS will check itself. You may hear a
momentary motor or clicking noise while this test
is going on. This is normal.
361
ABS can change the brake pressure faster than
any driver could. The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the
obstacle while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving
safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of
you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking.
Here is what happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will separately work the brakes at each
front wheel and at both rear wheels.
362
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving
updates on wheel speed and controls braking
pressure accordingly.
Remember: ABS does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or
always decrease stopping distance. If you get too
close to the vehicle in front of you, you will not have
time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly
slows or stops. Always leave enough room up
ahead to stop, even though you have ABS.
Using ABS
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake
pedal down firmly and let anti-lock work for you.
You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice
some noise, but this is normal.
Braking in Emergencies
With ABS, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you
more than even the very best braking.
Locking Rear Axle
If your vehicle has this feature, your locking rear
axle can give you additional traction on snow, mud,
ice, sand or gravel. It works like a standard axle
most of the time, but when one of the rear wheels
has no traction and the other does, this feature will
allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle.
StabiliTrak® System
Your vehicle may be equipped with the
StabiliTrak® system which combines antilock
brake, traction and stability control systems and
helps the driver maintain directional control of the
vehicle in most driving conditions.
When you first start your vehicle and begin to drive
away, the system performs several diagnostic
checks to ensure there are no problems. You may
hear or feel the system working. This is normal and
does not mean there is a problem with your vehicle.
The system should initialize before the vehicle
reaches 20 mph (32 km/h). In some cases, it may
take approximately two miles of driving before the
system initializes.
363
If the system fails to turn on or activate, the
StabiliTrak® light along with one of the following
messages will be displayed on the Driver
Information Center (DIC): TRACTION CONTROL
OFF, SERVICE TRACTION CONTROL,
STABILITRAK OFF, SERVICE STABILITRAK. If
these DIC messages appear, make sure the
StabiliTrak® system has not been turned off using
the StabiliTrak® on/off button. Then turn the
steering wheel clockwise from the nine o’clock
position to the three o’clock position. If this clears
the message(s), your vehicle does not need
servicing. If this does not clear the message(s),
then turn the vehicle off, wait 15 seconds, and then
turn it back on again to reset the system. If any
of these messages still appear on the Driver
Information Center (DIC), your vehicle should be
taken in for service. For more information on
the DIC messages, see Driver Information Center
(DIC) on page 260.
364
The StabiliTrak® light
will flash on the
instrument panel cluster
when the system is
both on and activated.
You may also feel or hear the system working;
this is normal.
The traction control
disable button is located
on the instrument
panel below the climate
controls.
The traction control part of StabiliTrak® can be
turned off by pressing and releasing the
StabiliTrak® button if both systems (traction control
and StabiliTrak®) were previously on. To disable
both traction control and StabiliTrak®, press
and hold the button for five seconds.
Traction control and StabiliTrak® can be turned on
by pressing and releasing the StabiliTrak® button if
not automatically shut off for any other reason.
When the TCS or StabiliTrak® system is turned off,
the StabiliTrak® light and the appropriate TCS
off or StabiliTrak® off message will be displayed on
the DIC to warn the driver. Your vehicle will still
have brake-traction control when traction control is
off, but will not be able to use the engine speed
management system. See “Traction Control
Operation” next for more information.
It is recommended to leave the system on for
normal driving conditions, but it may be necessary
to turn the system off if your vehicle is stuck in
sand, mud, ice or snow, and you want to
“rock” your vehicle to attempt to free it. It may also
be necessary to turn off the system when driving
in extreme off-road conditions where high
wheel spin is required. See If Your Vehicle is
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 404.
When the transfer case is in 4LO, the stability
system is automatically disabled, the StabiliTrak®
light will come on and the STABILITRAK OFF
message will appear on the DIC. Both traction
control and StabiliTrak® are automatically disabled
in this condition.
When the traction control system has been turned
off, you may still hear system noises as a result
of the brake-traction control coming on.
365
Traction Control Operation
The traction control system is part of the
StabiliTrak® system. Traction control limits wheel
spin by reducing engine power to the wheels
(engine speed management) and by applying
brakes to each individual wheel (brake-traction
control) as necessary.
The traction control system is enabled
automatically when you start your vehicle. It will
activate and the StabiliTrak® light will flash if
it senses that any of the wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction while driving. If you turn
off traction control, only the brake-traction
control portion of traction control will work. The
engine speed management will be disabled. In this
mode, engine power is not reduced automatically
and the driven wheels can spin more freely.
This can cause the brake-traction control to
activate constantly.
Notice: If you allow the wheel(s) of one axle to
spin excessively while the StabiliTrak®, ABS
and brake warning lights and the SERVICE
STABILITRAK message are displayed, you
could damage the transfer case. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Reduce
engine power and do not spin the wheel(s)
excessively while these lights and this message
are displayed.
The traction control system may activate on
dry or rough roads or under conditions such as
heavy acceleration while turning or abrupt upshifts/
downshifts of the transmission. When this happens,
you may notice a reduction in acceleration, or may
hear a noise or vibration. This is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the system
activates, the StabiliTrak® light will flash and the
cruise control will automatically disengage. When
road conditions allow you to use cruise again, you
may re-engage the cruise control. See Cruise
Control on page 211.
StabiliTrak® may also turn off automatically if it
determines that a problem exists with the system. If
the problem does not clear itself after restarting the
vehicle, you should see your dealer for service.
366
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the
engine stops or the system is not functioning, you
can steer but it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
It is important to take curves at a reasonable
speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
mentioned on the news happen on curves.
Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is
subject to the same laws of physics when driving on
curves. The traction of the tires against the road
surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change
its path when you turn the front wheels. If there is
no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the
same direction. If you have ever tried to steer a
vehicle on wet ice, you will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on
the condition of the tires and the road surface, the
angle at which the curve is banked, and your
speed. While you are in a curve, speed is the one
factor you can control.
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control
systems — steering and acceleration — have to
do their work where the tires meet the road.
Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control.
See StabiliTrak® System on page 363.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up
on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the
way you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you
should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted
speeds are based on good weather and road
conditions. Under less favorable conditions you will
want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while
the front wheels are straight ahead.
367
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive”
through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady
speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of
the curve, and then accelerate gently into
the straightaway.
Adding non-GM accessories can affect your
vehicle’s performance. See Accessories and
Modifications on page 444.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more
effective than braking. For example, you come
over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or
a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a
child darts out from between parked cars and
stops right in front of you. You can avoid these
problems by braking — if you can stop in time. But
sometimes you cannot; there is not room. That
is the time for evasive action — steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies
like these. First, apply the brakes. See Braking
on page 360. It is better to remove as much speed
as you can from a possible collision. Then steer
around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
368
An emergency like this requires close attention
and a quick decision. If you are holding the
steering wheel at the recommended 9 and
3 o’clock positions, you can turn it a full
180 degrees very quickly without removing either
hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly,
and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you
have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are
always possible is a good reason to practice
defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts
properly.
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
you are driving.
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple
maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a
two-lane highway is a potentially dangerous move,
since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane
as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A
miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief
surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put
the passing driver face to face with the worst of all
traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off
the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the
way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel
up to one-quarter turn until the right front tire
contacts the pavement edge. Then turn the steering
wheel to go straight down the roadway.
369
So here are some tips for passing:
• Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the
sides, and to crossroads for situations
that might affect your passing patterns. If you
have any doubt whatsoever about making
a successful pass, wait for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings,
and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead
that might indicate a turn or an intersection,
delay your pass. A broken center line
usually indicates it is all right to pass, providing
the road ahead is clear. Never cross a solid
line on your side of the lane or a double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of
approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want
to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity.
For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you are
following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not
have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
370
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming
up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane
and do not get too close. Time your move so
you will be increasing speed as the time comes
to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to
pass, you will have a running start that more
than makes up for the distance you would lose
by dropping back. And if something happens to
cause you to cancel your pass, you need only
slow down and drop back again and wait for
another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow
vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that
someone is not trying to pass you as you pull
out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to
glance over your shoulder and check the
blind spot.
• Check your vehicle’s mirrors, glance over your
shoulder, and start your left lane change signal
before moving out of the right lane to pass.
When you are far enough ahead of the passed
vehicle to see its front in your vehicle’s inside
mirror, activate the right lane change signal and
move back into the right lane. Remember that,
if your vehicle’s passenger side outside mirror
is convex, the vehicle you just passed may
seem to be farther away from you than it
really is.
• Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing
the next vehicle.
• Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle
too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are
not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting
to turn.
• If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps
you can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems — brakes,
steering, and acceleration — do not have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to do what the
driver has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to
steer and constantly seek an escape route or
area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking
reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and
by not overdriving those conditions. But skids
are always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your
vehicle’s three control systems. In the braking skid,
your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a
curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force.
And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle
causes the driving wheels to spin.
371
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
Remember: StabiliTrak® helps avoid only the
acceleration skid. See StabiliTrak® System
on page 363. If the StabiliTrak® System is off,
then an acceleration skid is also best handled by
easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off
the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the
way you want the vehicle to go. If you start
steering quickly enough, your vehicle may
straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid
if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice, gravel, or other material is on the road.
For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust
your driving to these conditions. It is important
to slow down on slippery surfaces because
stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
372
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
braking, including reducing vehicle speed by
shifting to a lower gear. Any sudden changes could
cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the
surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding.
Learn to recognize warning clues — such as
enough water, ice, or packed snow on the road to
make a mirrored surface — and slow down when
you have any doubt.
Remember: Any Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
helps avoid only the braking skid.
Off-Road Driving
This off-road guide is for vehicles that have
four-wheel drive. Also, see Braking on page 360. If
your vehicle does not have four-wheel drive,
you should not drive off-road unless you are on a
level, solid surface.
The airbag system is designed to work properly
under a wide range of conditions, including off-road
usage. Observe safe driving speeds, especially
on rough terrain. As always, wear your safety belt.
Off-road driving can be great fun. But it does have
some definite hazards. The greatest of these is
the terrain itself.
“Off-roading” means you have left the great North
American road system behind. Traffic lanes
are not marked. Curves are not banked. There are
no road signs. Surfaces can be slippery, rough,
uphill or downhill. In short, you have gone
right back to nature.
Off-road driving involves some new skills. And that
is why it is very important that you read this
guide. You will find many driving tips and
suggestions. These will help make your off-road
driving safer and more enjoyable.
If you think you will need some more ground
clearance at the front of your vehicle, you
can remove the front fascia lower air dam.
The front fascia lower air dam is held in place by
two bolts and 10 snap features. The bolts and
snap features are accessible from underneath the
front fascia.
The following steps must be performed on the
bolts and snap features to remove the air dam:
1. Remove the two outboard air dam bolts.
2. With a flat-blade screwdriver, push down on
the snap features and disengage the snaps.
3. After the bolts are removed and the snaps are
disengaged, push forward on the air dam until
it is free.
When you are back on roads, though, be sure to
replace the air dam.
Notice: Operating your vehicle for extended
periods without the front fascia lower air
dam installed can cause improper air flow to
the engine. Always be sure to replace the front
fascia air dam when you are finished off-road
driving.
To reinstall the lower air dam do the following:
1. Line up the snap features and push the
air dam rearward to engage the snaps.
2. Install the two outboard bolts.
373
Before You Go Off-Roading
There are some things to do before you go out.
For example, be sure to have all necessary
maintenance and service work done. Check to
make sure all underbody shields, if the vehicle has
them, are properly attached. Be sure you read
all the information about your four-wheel-drive or
all-wheel-drive vehicle in this manual. Is there
enough fuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the
fluid levels up where they should be? What are
the local laws that apply to off-roading where you
will be driving? If you do not know, you should
check with law enforcement people in the
area. Will you be on someone’s private land? If
so, be sure to get the necessary permission.
Loading Your Vehicle for Off-Road
Driving
{CAUTION:
• Cargo on the load floor piled higher
than the seatbacks can be thrown
forward during a sudden stop. You or
your passengers could be injured.
Keep cargo below the top of the
seatbacks.
• Unsecured cargo on the load floor can
be tossed about when driving over
rough terrain. You or your passengers
can be struck by flying objects.
Secure the cargo properly.
CAUTION:
374
(Continued)
Environmental Concerns
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Heavy loads on the roof raise the
vehicle’s center of gravity, making it
more likely to roll over. You can be
seriously or fatally injured if the
vehicle rolls over. Put heavy loads
inside the cargo area, not on the roof.
Keep cargo in the cargo area as far
forward and low as possible.
There are some important things to remember
about how to load your vehicle.
• The heaviest things should be on the load
floor and forward of your rear axle. Put
heavier items as far forward as you can.
• Be sure the load is secured properly, so
driving on the off-road terrain does not
toss things around.
You will find other important information in this
manual. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 407
and Tires on page 507.
Off-road driving can provide wholesome and
satisfying recreation. However, it also raises
environmental concerns. We recognize these
concerns and urge every off-roader to follow these
basic rules for protecting the environment:
• Always use established trails, roads, and areas
that have been specially set aside for public
off-road recreational driving; obey all
posted regulations.
• Avoid any driving practice that could damage
the environment — shrubs, flowers, trees,
grasses — or disturb wildlife. This includes
wheel-spinning, breaking down trees, or
unnecessary driving through streams or over
soft ground.
• Always carry a litter bag — make sure all
refuse is removed from any campsite
before leaving.
• Take extreme care with open fires (where
permitted), camp stoves and lanterns.
• Never park your vehicle over dry grass or
other combustible materials that could
catch fire from the heat of the vehicle’s
exhaust system.
375
Traveling to Remote Areas
It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when
going to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan
your route. You are much less likely to get bad
surprises. Get accurate maps of trails and terrain.
Try to learn of any blocked or closed roads.
It is also a good idea to travel with at least one
other vehicle. If something happens to one
of them, the other can help quickly.
Does your vehicle have a winch? If so, be sure to
read the winch instructions. In a remote area, a
winch can be handy if you get stuck. But you will
want to know how to use it properly.
Getting Familiar with Off-Road Driving
It is a good idea to practice in an area that is
safe and close to home before you go into
the wilderness. Off-road driving does require some
new and different skills. Here is what we mean.
Tune your senses to different kinds of signals.
Your eyes, for example, need to constantly sweep
the terrain for unexpected obstacles. Your ears
need to listen for unusual tire or engine sounds.
376
With your arms, hands, feet, and body, you will
need to respond to vibrations and vehicle bounce.
Controlling your vehicle is the key to successful
off-road driving. One of the best ways to
control your vehicle is to control your speed. Here
are some things to keep in mind. At higher
speeds:
• You approach things faster and you have less
time to scan the terrain for obstacles.
• You have less time to react.
• You have more vehicle bounce when you
drive over obstacles.
• You will need more distance for braking,
especially since you are on an unpaved
surface.
{CAUTION:
When you are driving off-road, bouncing
and quick changes in direction can easily
throw you out of position. This could
cause you to lose control and crash. So,
whether you are driving on or off the road,
you and your passengers should wear
safety belts.
Scanning the Terrain
Off-road driving can take you over many different
kinds of terrain. You need to be familiar with the
terrain and its many different features. Here are
some things to consider.
Surface Conditions: Off-roading can take you
over hard-packed dirt, gravel, rocks, grass, sand,
mud, snow, or ice. Each of these surfaces affects
the steering, acceleration, and braking of your
vehicle in different ways. Depending upon the kind
of surface you are on, you may experience slipping,
sliding, wheel spinning, delayed acceleration, poor
traction, and longer braking distances.
Surface Obstacles: Unseen or hidden obstacles
can be hazardous. A rock, log, hole, rut, or
bump can startle you if you are not prepared for
them. Often these obstacles are hidden by
grass, bushes, snow, or even the rise and fall of
the terrain itself. Here are some things to consider:
• Is the path ahead clear?
• Will the surface texture change abruptly up
ahead?
• Does the travel take you uphill or downhill?
There is more discussion of these subjects
later.
• Will you have to stop suddenly or change
direction quickly?
When you drive over obstacles or rough terrain,
keep a firm grip on the steering wheel. Ruts,
troughs, or other surface features can jerk
the wheel out of your hands if you are not
prepared.
When you drive over bumps, rocks, or other
obstacles, the wheels can leave the ground. If this
happens, even with one or two wheels, you
cannot control the vehicle as well or at all.
377
Because you will be on an unpaved surface, it is
especially important to avoid sudden acceleration,
sudden turns, or sudden braking.
In a way, off-road driving requires a different kind
of alertness from driving on paved roads and
highways. There are no road signs, posted speed
limits, or signal lights. You have to use your
own good judgment about what is safe and what
is not.
Drinking and driving can be very dangerous on
any road. And this is certainly true for off-road
driving. At the very time you need special alertness
and driving skills, your reflexes, perceptions,
and judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You could have a serious — or
even fatal — accident if you drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking.
See Drunken Driving on page 357.
378
Driving on Off-Road Hills
Off-road driving often takes you up, down, or
across a hill. Driving safely on hills requires good
judgment and an understanding of what your
vehicle can and cannot do. There are some hills
that simply cannot be driven, no matter how
well built the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Many hills are simply too steep for any
vehicle. If you drive up them, you will
stall. If you drive down them, you cannot
control your speed. If you drive across
them, you will roll over. You could be
seriously injured or killed. If you have any
doubt about the steepness, do not drive
the hill.
Approaching a Hill
• Are there obstructions on the hill that can
When you approach a hill, you need to decide if it
is one of those hills that is just too steep to
climb, descend, or cross. Steepness can be hard
to judge. On a very small hill, for example,
there may be a smooth, constant incline with only
a small change in elevation where you can
easily see all the way to the top. On a large hill,
the incline may get steeper as you near the
top, but you may not see this because the crest of
the hill is hidden by bushes, grass or shrubs.
block your path, such as boulders, trees, logs,
or ruts?
• What is beyond the hill? Is there a cliff, an
embankment, a drop-off, a fence? Get out and
walk the hill if you do not know. It is the smart
way to find out.
• Is the hill simply too rough? Steep hills often
have ruts, gullies, troughs, and exposed rocks
because they are more susceptible to the
effects of erosion.
Here are some other things to consider as you
approach a hill.
• Is there a constant incline, or does the hill get
sharply steeper in places?
• Is there good traction on the hillside, or will
the surface cause tire slipping?
• Is there a straight path up or down the hill so
you will not have to make turning maneuvers?
379
Driving Uphill
Once you decide you can safely drive up the hill,
you need to take some special steps.
• Use a low gear and get a firm grip on the
steering wheel.
• Get a smooth start up the hill and try to
maintain your speed. Do not use more power
than you need, because you do not want
the wheels to start spinning or sliding.
• Try to drive straight up the hill if at all possible.
•
•
•
•
{CAUTION:
Turning or driving across steep hills can
be dangerous. You could lose traction,
slide sideways, and possibly roll over.
You could be seriously injured or killed.
When driving up hills, always try to go
straight up.
380
If the path twists and turns, you might want to
find another route.
Ease up on your speed as you approach the
top of the hill.
Attach a flag to the vehicle to make you more
visible to approaching traffic on trails or hills.
Sound the horn as you approach the top of the
hill to let opposing traffic know you are there.
Use your headlamps even during the
day. They make your vehicle more visible to
oncoming traffic.
{CAUTION:
Driving to the top (crest) of a hill at full
speed can cause an accident. There could
be a drop-off, embankment, cliff, or even
another vehicle. You could be seriously
injured or killed. As you near the top of a
hill, slow down and stay alert.
Q: What should I do if my vehicle stalls, or
is about to stall, and I cannot make it up
the hill?
A: If this happens, there are some things you
should do, and there are some things you
must not do. First, here is what you should do:
• Push the brake pedal to stop the vehicle
and keep it from rolling backwards. Also, apply
the parking brake.
• If your engine is still running, shift the
transmission to REVERSE (R), release the
parking brake, and slowly back down the hill in
REVERSE (R).
• If your engine has stopped running, you will
need to restart it. With the brake pedal
pressed and the parking brake still applied,
shift the transmission to PARK (P) and restart
the engine. Then, shift to REVERSE (R),
release the parking brake, and slowly back
down the hill as straight as possible in
REVERSE (R).
• As you are backing down the hill, put your left
hand on the steering wheel at the 12 o’clock
position. This way, you will be able to tell
if your wheels are straight and maneuver as
you back down. It is best that you back
down the hill with your wheels straight rather
than in the left or right direction. Turning
the wheel too far to the left or right will
increase the possibility of a rollover.
381
Here are some things you must not do if you stall,
or are about to stall, when going up a hill.
• Never attempt to prevent a stall by shifting
into NEUTRAL (N) to rev-up the engine
and regain forward momentum. This will not
work. Your vehicle will roll backwards
very quickly and you could go out of control.
Instead, apply the regular brake to stop
the vehicle. Then apply the parking brake.
Shift to REVERSE (R), release the parking
brake, and slowly back straight down.
{CAUTION:
Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL
can cause your vehicle to roll even if the
transmission is in PARK (P). This is
because the NEUTRAL position on the
transfer case overrides the transmission.
You or someone else could be injured. If
you are going to leave your vehicle, set
the parking brake and shift the
transmission to PARK (P). But do not shift
the transfer case to NEUTRAL.
• Never attempt to turn around if you are about
to stall when going up a hill. If the hill is steep
enough to stall your vehicle, it is steep
enough to cause you to roll over if you turn
around. If you cannot make it up the hill, you
must back straight down the hill.
382
Q: Suppose, after stalling, I try to back down
the hill and decide I just cannot do it. What
should I do?
A: Set the parking brake, put your transmission
in PARK (P) and turn off the engine. Leave
the vehicle and go get some help. Exit on the
uphill side and stay clear of the path the
vehicle would take if it rolled downhill. Do not
shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL when
you leave the vehicle. Leave it in some gear.
• Are there hidden surface obstacles? Ruts?
Logs? Boulders?
• What is at the bottom of the hill? Is there a
hidden creek bank or even a river bottom
with large rocks?
If you decide you can go down a hill safely, then
try to keep your vehicle headed straight down, and
use a low gear. This way, engine drag can help
your brakes and they will not have to do all
the work. Descend slowly, keeping your vehicle
under control at all times.
Driving Downhill
When off-roading takes you downhill, you will want
to consider a number of things:
• How steep is the downhill? Will I be able to
maintain vehicle control?
• What is the surface like? Smooth? Rough?
Slippery? Hard-packed dirt? Gravel?
{CAUTION:
Heavy braking when going down a hill can
cause your brakes to overheat and fade.
This could cause loss of control and a
serious accident. Apply the brakes lightly
when descending a hill and use a low
gear to keep vehicle speed under control.
383
Q: Are there some things I should not do
when driving down a hill?
A: Yes! These are important because if you
ignore them you could lose control and
have a serious accident.
• When driving downhill, avoid turns that take
you across the incline of the hill. A hill that
is not too steep to drive down may be
too steep to drive across. You could roll over
if you do not drive straight down.
• Never go downhill with the transmission in
NEUTRAL (N). This is called “free-wheeling.”
Your brakes will have to do all the work
and could overheat and fade.
384
Q: Am I likely to stall when going downhill?
A: It is much more likely to happen going
uphill. But if it happens going downhill, here is
what to do.
1. Stop your vehicle by applying the regular
brakes. Apply the parking brake.
2. Shift to PARK (P) and, while still braking,
restart the engine.
3. Shift back to a low gear, release the parking
brake, and drive straight down.
4. If the engine will not start, get out and get help.
Driving Across an Incline
Sooner or later, an off-road trail will probably go
across the incline of a hill. If this happens,
you have to decide whether to try to drive across
the incline. Here are some things to consider:
{CAUTION:
Driving across an incline that is too steep
will make your vehicle roll over. You could
be seriously injured or killed. If you have
any doubt about the steepness of the
incline, do not drive across it. Find
another route instead.
• A hill that can be driven straight up or down
may be too steep to drive across. When you go
straight up or down a hill, the length of the
wheel base — the distance from the front
wheels to the rear wheels — reduces the
likelihood the vehicle will tumble end over end.
But when you drive across an incline, the much
more narrow track width — the distance
between the left and right wheels — may not
prevent the vehicle from tilting and rolling over.
Also, driving across an incline puts more weight
on the downhill wheels. This could cause a
downhill slide or a rollover.
• Surface conditions can be a problem when
you drive across a hill. Loose gravel, muddy
spots, or even wet grass can cause your
tires to slip sideways, downhill. If the vehicle
slips sideways, it can hit something that will trip
it — a rock, a rut, etc. — and roll over.
• Hidden obstacles can make the steepness of
the incline even worse. If you drive across a
rock with the uphill wheels, or if the downhill
wheels drop into a rut or depression, your
vehicle can tilt even more.
For reasons like these, you need to decide
carefully whether to try to drive across an incline.
Just because the trail goes across the incline
does not mean you have to drive it. The last
vehicle to try it might have rolled over.
385
Q: What if I am driving across an incline that
is not too steep, but I hit some loose
gravel and start to slide downhill. What
should I do?
A: If you feel your vehicle starting to slide
sideways, turn downhill. This should help
straighten out the vehicle and prevent the side
slipping. However, a much better way to
prevent this is to get out and “walk the course”
so you know what the surface is like before
you drive it.
Stalling on an Incline
{CAUTION:
Getting out on the downhill (low) side of a
vehicle stopped across an incline is
dangerous. If the vehicle rolls over, you
could be crushed or killed. Always get out
on the uphill (high) side of the vehicle and
stay well clear of the rollover path.
386
If your vehicle stalls when you are crossing an
incline, be sure you, and any passengers, get out
on the uphill side, even if the door there is
harder to open. If you get out on the downhill side
and the vehicle starts to roll over, you will be
right in its path.
If you have to walk down the slope, stay out of the
path the vehicle will take if it does roll over.
Driving in Mud, Sand, Snow, or Ice
When you drive in mud, snow, or sand, your
wheels will not get good traction. You cannot
accelerate as quickly, turning is more difficult,
and you will need longer braking distances.
It is best to use a low gear when you are in
mud —the deeper the mud, the lower the gear.
In really deep mud, the idea is to keep your vehicle
moving so you do not get stuck.
When you drive on sand, you will sense a change
in wheel traction. But it will depend upon how
loosely packed the sand is. On loosely packed
sand, such as on beaches or sand dunes,
your tires will tend to sink into the sand. This has
an effect on steering, accelerating, and braking.
Drive at a reduced speed and avoid sharp turns or
abrupt maneuvers.
Hard packed snow and ice offer the worst tire
traction. On these surfaces, it is very easy to lose
control. On wet ice, for example, the traction is
so poor that you will have difficulty accelerating.
And if you do get moving, poor steering and
difficult braking can cause you to slide out of
control.
{CAUTION:
Driving on frozen lakes, ponds, or rivers
can be dangerous. Underwater springs,
currents under the ice, or sudden thaws
can weaken the ice. Your vehicle could
fall through the ice and you and your
passengers could drown. Drive your
vehicle on safe surfaces only.
387
Driving in Water
{CAUTION:
Driving through rushing water can be
dangerous. Deep water can sweep your
vehicle downstream and you and your
passengers could drown. If it is only
shallow water, it can still wash away the
ground from under your tires, and you
could lose traction and roll the vehicle
over. Do not drive through rushing water.
Heavy rain can mean flash flooding, and flood
waters demand extreme caution.
Find out how deep the water is before you drive
through it. If it is deep enough to cover your wheel
hubs, axles, or exhaust pipe, do not try it — you
probably will not get through. Also, water that deep
can damage your axle and other vehicle parts.
388
If the water is not too deep, drive slowly through it.
At faster speeds, water splashes on your ignition
system and your vehicle can stall. Stalling can also
occur if you get your tailpipe under water. And,
as long as your tailpipe is under water, you
will never be able to start your engine. When you
go through water, remember that when your
brakes get wet, it may take you longer to stop.
See Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads on page 390
for more information on driving through water.
After Off-Road Driving
Remove any brush or debris that has collected on
the underbody, chassis, or under the hood.
These accumulations can be a fire hazard.
After operation in mud or sand, have the brake
linings cleaned and checked. These substances
can cause glazing and uneven braking. Check the
body structure, steering, suspension, wheels,
tires, and exhaust system for damage. Also, check
the fuel lines and cooling system for any leakage.
Your vehicle will require more frequent service
due to off-road use. Refer to the Maintenance
Schedule for additional information.
Driving at Night
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to
be impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, or by fatigue.
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you cannot see as well, you may need
to slow down and keep more space between
you and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
Your vehicle’s headlamps can light up only so
much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe
place and rest.
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as
much light to see the same thing at night as a
20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the
day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble
adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not
wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on
glare from headlamps, but they also make a
lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or
even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust
to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare,
as from a driver who does not lower the high
beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps,
slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into
the approaching headlamps.
389
Keep the windshield and all the glass on your
vehicle clean — inside and out. Glare at night is
made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even
the inside of the glass can build up a film caused
by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and
flash more than clean glass would, making the
pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
Remember that the headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as the headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your
eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer
from night blindness — the inability to see in dim
light — and are not even aware of it.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On
a wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or
turn as well because your tire-to-road traction is
not as good as on dry roads. And, if your tires do
not have much tread left, you will get even less
traction.
390
It is always wise to go slower and be cautious if
rain starts to fall while you are driving. The surface
may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even
if your windshield wiper blades are in good
shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see
road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings,
the edge of the road, and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer fluid
reservoir filled with washer fluid. Replace your
windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of
streaking or missing areas on the windshield,
or when strips of rubber start to separate from the
inserts.
{CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They
may not work as well in a quick stop and
may cause pulling to one side. You could
lose control of the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of
water or a car wash, apply the brake pedal
lightly until the brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or
even going through some car washes can cause
problems, too. The water may affect your
brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot, try
to slow down before you hit them.
391
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can
build up under your tires that they can actually ride
on the water. This can happen if the road is wet
enough and you are going fast enough. When your
vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact
with the road.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if
your tires do not have much tread or if the pressure
in one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water
is standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and
raindrops dimple the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds.
There just is not a hard and fast rule about
hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down
when it is raining.
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through the engine’s air intake and badly
damage the engine. Never drive through water
that is slightly lower than the underbody of your
vehicle. If you cannot avoid deep puddles or
standing water, drive through them very slowly.
392
Driving Through Flowing Water
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong
forces. If you try to drive through flowing
water, as you might at a low water
crossing, your vehicle can be carried
away. As little as six inches of flowing
water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If
this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore
police warning signs, and otherwise be
very cautious about trying to drive
through flowing water.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
City Driving
• Turn on your low-beam headlamps — not just
your parking lamps — to help make you more
visible to others.
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra
following distance. And be especially careful
when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself
more clear room ahead, and be prepared to
have your view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See
Tires on page 507.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is
the amount of traffic on them. You will want
to watch out for what the other drivers are doing
and pay attention to traffic signals.
393
Here are ways to increase your safety in city
driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip
into an unknown part of the city just as you
would for a cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and
energy. See Freeway Driving on page 394.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A
traffic light is there because the corner is
busy enough to need it. When a light turns
green, and just before you start to move,
check both ways for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
Freeway Driving
Mile for mile, freeways — also called thruways,
parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or
superhighways — are the safest of all roads.
But they have their own special rules.
394
The most important advice on freeway driving is:
Keep up with traffic and keep to the right.
Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers
are driving. Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks
a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on
a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads
to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the
freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you
should begin to check traffic. Try to determine
where you expect to blend with the flow. Try to
merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors, and
glance over your shoulder as often as necessary.
Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to
the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is
slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want
to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then
use your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly
over your shoulder to make sure there is not
another vehicle in your blind spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make
certain you allow a reasonable following distance.
Expect to move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your
exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and
back up. Drive on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite
sharply. The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your
speedometer, not to your sense of motion. After
driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may
tend to think you are going slower than you
actually are.
395
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If
you must start when you are not fresh — such
as after a day’s work — do not plan to make too
many miles that first part of the journey. Wear
comfortable clothing and shoes you can easily
drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it
needs service, have it done before starting out. Of
course, you will find experienced and able
service experts in GM dealerships all across North
America. They will be ready and willing to help
if you need it.
396
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir
full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you
checked all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses
clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough
for long-distance driving? Are the tires
all inflated to the recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather
outlook along your route? Should you
delay your trip a short time to avoid a major
storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as highway
hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the
wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road
with the same scenery, along with the hum of
the tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and
the rush of the wind against the vehicle that
can make you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you!
If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in
less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with
a comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead
and to the sides. Check your vehicle’s mirrors
and instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service, or parking area and take a nap, get
some exercise, or both. For safety, treat
drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First,
be aware that it can happen.
397
Hill and Mountain Roads
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that
can make your trips safer and more enjoyable. See
Off-Road Driving on page 372 for information
about driving off-road.
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all
fluid levels and also the brakes, tires,
cooling system, and transmission. These parts
can work hard on mountain roads.
{CAUTION:
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different
from driving in flat or rolling terrain.
398
If you do not shift down, the brakes could
get so hot that they would not work well.
You would then have poor braking or
even none going down a hill. You could
crash. Shift down to let the engine assist
the brakes on a steep downhill slope.
• Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
{CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with
the ignition off is dangerous. The brakes
will have to do all the work of slowing
down. They could get so hot that they
would not work well. You would then have
poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Always have the
engine running and your vehicle in gear
when you go downhill.
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide
or cut across the center of the road. Drive at
speeds that let you stay in your own lane.
• As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There
could be something in your lane, like a stalled
car or an accident.
• You may see highway signs on mountains that
warn of special problems. Examples are long
grades, passing or no-passing zones, a falling
rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these
and take appropriate action.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when
you go down a steep or long hill.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift
down to a lower gear. The lower gears help
cool your engine and transmission, and you can
climb the hill better.
399
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency
supplies in your vehicle.
Also see Tires on page 507.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some
winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a
red cloth, and a couple of reflective warning
triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe
conditions, include a small bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags to
help provide traction. Be sure you properly
secure these items in your vehicle.
400
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where the tires
meet the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between the tires
and the road, you can have a very slippery
situation. You will have a lot less traction, or grip,
and will need to be very careful.
What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on.
But wet ice can be even more trouble because it
may offer the least traction of all. You can get
wet ice when it is about freezing, 32°F (0°C), and
freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed,
blowing, or loose snow — drive with caution.
StabiliTrak® will improve your ability to accelerate
when driving on a slippery road. But you can
turn StabiliTrak® off if you ever need to. See
StabiliTrak® System on page 363 and If Your
Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on
page 404. Even with StabiliTrak®, you will want to
slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. Under certain conditions, you may want
to turn StabiliTrak® off, such as when driving
through deep snow and loose gravel, to help
maintain vehicle motion at lower speeds.
401
The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop
on a slippery road. Even though you have ABS,
you will want to begin stopping sooner than
you would on dry pavement. See Anti-Lock Brake
System (ABS) on page 361.
• Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be
fine until you hit a spot that is covered with
ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches
may appear in shaded areas where the
sun cannot reach, such as around clumps of
trees, behind buildings, or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an
overpass may remain icy when the
surrounding roads are clear. If you see a
patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
402
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in
a serious situation. You should probably stay
with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you
are near help and you can hike through the
snow. Here are some things to do to summon
help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police
that you have been stopped by the snow.
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around
you. If you do not have blankets or extra
clothing, make body insulators from
newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats — anything you can wrap around yourself
or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO
(carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO
could overcome you and kill you. You
cannot see it or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away
snow from around the base of your
vehicle, especially any that is blocking the
exhaust pipe. And check around again
from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be
careful.
Open a window just a little on the side of
the vehicle that is away from the wind.
This will help keep CO out.
403
Run your engine only as long as you must. This
saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a
little faster than just idle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the
heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged.
You will need a well-charged battery to restart
the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with
your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window
almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start
the engine again and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as
little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as
you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of
the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
404
If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,
Mud, Ice, or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you
need to spin the wheels, but you do not want
to spin the wheels too fast. The method known as
rocking can help you get out when you are
stuck, but you must use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at high
speed, they can explode, and you or
others could be injured. And, the
transmission or other parts of the vehicle
can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When
you are stuck, spin the wheels as little as
possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
Notice: Spinning the wheels can destroy parts
of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you
spin the wheels too fast while shifting
the transmission back and forth, you can
destroy the transmission.
For information about using tire chains on your
vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 530.
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out
Release the accelerator pedal while you shift, and
press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the
transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning
the wheels in the forward and reverse directions,
you will cause a rocking motion that may free
your vehicle. If that does not get your vehicle out
after a few tries, it may need to be towed out.
Or, you can use the recovery hooks if your vehicle
has them. If your vehicle does need to be towed
out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 417.
First, turn the steering wheel left and right.
That will clear the area around the front wheels. If
you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle, shift into
Four-Wheel High or Four-Wheel Low. Turn
the StabiliTrak® System off. See StabiliTrak®
System on page 363. Then shift back and forth
between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible.
405
Recovery Hooks
{CAUTION:
These hooks, when used, are under a lot
of force. Always pull the vehicle straight
out. Never pull on the hooks at a
sideways angle. The hooks could break
off and you or others could be injured
from the chain or cable snapping back.
Notice: Never use recovery hooks to tow the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged
and it would not be covered by warranty.
Your vehicle may have recovery hooks at the front
of the vehicle. You may need to use them if you
are stuck off-road and need to be pulled to
some place where you can continue driving.
406
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the
vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of
all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options. Two labels on your vehicle show how
much weight it was designed to carry, the Tire and
Loading Information label and the Certification/Tire
label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
Label Example
A vehicle specific Tire and Loading Information
label is attached to the center pillar (B-pillar). With
the driver’s door open, you will find the label
attached below the door lock post (striker). The
tire and loading information label shows the
number of occupant seating positions (A), and the
maximum vehicle capacity weight (B) in kilograms
and pounds.
407
The Tire and Loading Information label also shows
the size of the original equipment tires (C) and
the recommended cold tire inflation pressures (D).
For more information on tires and inflation see
Tires on page 507 and Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 515.
There is also important loading information on the
vehicle Certification/Tire label. It tells you the
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and
the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for the
front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined
weight of occupants and cargo should never
exceed XXX kg or XXX lbs” on your
vehicle’s placard.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver
and passengers that will be riding in your
vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver
and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.
408
4. The resulting figure equals the available
amount of cargo and luggage load capacity.
For example, if the “XXX” amount equals
1400 lbs and there will be five 150 lb
passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is
650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage
and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That
weight may not safely exceed the available
cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in
Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load
from your trailer will be transferred to your
vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how
this reduces the available cargo and luggage
load capacity of your vehicle. See Towing
a Trailer on page 422 for important information
on towing a trailer, towing safety rules and
trailering tips.
Example 1
Item
A
B
C
Description
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 1 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
Example 2
Total
Item
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
A
300 lbs (136 kg)
B
700 lbs (317 kg)
C
Description
Total
Vehicle Capacity Weight 1,000 lbs (453 kg)
for Example 2 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
750 lbs (136 kg)
(68 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo Weight = 250 lbs (113 kg)
409
Certification/Tire Label
Example 3
Item
A
B
C
Description
Total
Vehicle Capacity Weight 1,000 lbs (453 kg)
for Example 3 =
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
(91 kg) × 5 =
Available Cargo Weight = 0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information
label for specific information about your vehicle’s
capacity weight and seating positions. The
combined weight of the driver, passengers, and
cargo should never exceed your vehicle’s capacity
weight.
410
A vehicle specific Certification/Tire label is found
on the rear edge of the driver’s door. The
label shows the size of your vehicle’s original tires
and the inflation pressures needed to obtain the
gross weight capacity of your vehicle. This is called
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The
GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all
occupants, fuel, and cargo.
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the
maximum weights for the front and rear axles,
called Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find
out the actual loads on your front and rear
axles, you need to go to a weigh station and
weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you with
this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on
both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the
GAWR for either the front or rear axle.
The Certification/Tire label also contains
information about your Front Axle Reserve
Capacity.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should
spread it out.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR),
or either the maximum front or rear Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do,
parts on your vehicle can break, and it
can change the way your vehicle handles.
These could cause you to lose control
and crash. Also, overloading can shorten
the life of your vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
The label will help you decide how much cargo
and installed equipment your truck can carry.
Using heavier suspension components to
get added durability might not change your weight
ratings. Ask your dealer to help you load your
vehicle the right way.
411
If you put things inside your vehicle — like
suitcases, tools, packages, or anything
else — they go as fast as the vehicle goes.
If you have to stop or turn quickly, or if there is a
crash, they will keep going.
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can
strike and injure people in a sudden stop
or turn, or in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo area of your
vehicle. Try to spread the weight
evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like
suitcases, inside the vehicle so that
some of them are above the tops of
the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child
restraint in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down
unless you need to.
412
There is also important loading information for
off-road driving in this manual. See “Loading Your
Vehicle for Off-Road Driving” under Off-Road
Driving on page 372.
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar
Equipment
Before installing a snow plow on your vehicle,
here are some things you will need to know:
Notice: If your vehicle does not have the snow
plow prep package, adding a plow can
damage your vehicle, and the repairs would
not be covered by warranty. Unless your
vehicle was built to carry a snow plow, do not
add one to your vehicle. If your vehicle has
the snow plow prep package, called RPO VYU,
then the payload your vehicle can carry will
be reduced when a snow plow is installed.
Your vehicle can be damaged if either the front
or rear axle ratings or the Gross Vehicle
Weight (GVW) are exceeded.
Q: How do I know if my vehicle can handle a
snow plow?
A: Some vehicles are built with a special snow
plow prep package, called RPO VYU. If your
vehicle has this option, you can add a
plow to it, provided certain weights, such as
the weights on the vehicle’s axles and
the Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), are not
exceeded.
Q: How heavy can a snow plow safely be?
A: The plow your vehicle can carry depends on
•
•
•
•
many things, such as:
The options your vehicle came with, and the
weight of those options.
The weight and number of passengers you
intend to carry.
The weight of items you have added to your
vehicle.
The total weight of any additional cargo you
intend to carry.
Say, for example, you have a 700 lb (318 kg)
snow plow. The total weight of all occupants and
cargo inside the cab should not exceed 300 lb
(135 kg). This means that you may only be able to
carry one passenger. But, even this may be too
much if you have got other equipment already
adding to the weight of your vehicle.
Here are some guidelines for safely carrying a
snow plow on your vehicle:
• Make sure the weight on the front and rear
axles does not exceed the axle rating for each.
• For the front axle, if more cargo or passengers
must be carried, appropriate counter ballast
must be installed rear of the rear axle. Counter
ballast must be properly secured so it will not
move during driving.
• Follow the snow plow manufacturer’s
recommendations regarding rear ballast. Rear
ballast may be required to ensure a proper front
and rear weight distribution ratio, even though
the actual weight at the front axle may be less
than the front axle rating.
413
• The snow plow manufacturer or installer can
assist you in determining the amount of rear
ballast required, to help make sure your
snowplow/vehicle combination does not exceed
the GVW rating, the front and rear axle ratings,
and the front and rear weight distribution ratio.
• The total vehicle must not exceed the GVW
rating.
The front axle reserve capacity for your vehicle
can be found in the lower right corner of the
Certification/Tire label, as shown.
Q: What is front axle reserve capacity, and
how do I calculate it?
A: Front axle reserve capacity is the difference
between your front Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR) and the front axle weight of your
vehicle with full fuel and passengers. Basically,
it is the amount of weight you can add to
your front axle before reaching your
front GAWR.
414
United States
Canada
In order to calculate the amount of weight any
front accessory, such as a snow plow, is adding to
the front axle, use the following formula:
For example, adding a 700 lb (318 kg) snow plow
actually adds more than 700 lbs (318 kg) to the
front axle. Using the formula, if the snow plow
is 4 ft (122 cm) in front of the front axle and the
wheel base is 10 ft (305 cm), then:
W = 700 lb (318 kg)
A = 4 ft (122 cm)
W.B. = 10 ft (305 cm)
(W x (A + W.B.))/W.B. = (700 x (4 + 10))/10 =
980 lbs (445 kg)
So, if your vehicle’s front axle reserve capacity is
more than 980 lbs (445 kg), you could add the
snow plow without exceeding the front GAWR.
(W x (A + W.B.)) /W.B.= Weight the accessory is
adding to the front axle.
Where:
W = Weight of added accessory
A = Distance that the accessory is in front of the
front axle
W.B. = Vehicle Wheelbase
415
Q: What if I want to add heavier equipment to
my vehicle?
{CAUTION:
A: You can add heavier equipment on the front
of the vehicle if you compensate for it by
carrying fewer passengers, less cargo, or by
positioning cargo towards the rear. This
has the effect of reducing the load on the front.
However, the front GAWR, rear GAWR, and
the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
must never be exceeded.
416
On some vehicles that have certain front
mounted equipment, such as a snow
plow, it may be possible to load the front
axle to the front gross axle weight rating
(GAWR) but not have enough weight on
the rear axle to have proper braking
performance. If your brakes can not work
properly, you could have a crash. To help
your brakes work properly when a snow
plow is installed, always follow the snow
plow manufacturer or installer’s
recommendation for rear ballast to ensure
a proper front and rear weight distribution
ratio, even though the actual front weight
may be less than the front GAWR, and the
total vehicle weight is less than the gross
vehicle weight rating (GVWR). Maintaining
a proper front and rear weight distribution
ratio is necessary to provide proper
braking performance.
Q: What is total vehicle reserve capacity?
A: This is the difference between your GVWR and
the weight of your vehicle with full fuel and
passengers. It is the amount of weight you can
add to your vehicle before reaching your
GVWR. Keep in mind that reserve capacity
numbers are intended as a guide when
selecting the amount of equipment or cargo
your vehicle can carry. If you are unsure
of your vehicle’s front, rear, or total weight, go
to a weigh station and weigh your vehicle.
Your dealer can also help you with this.
The total vehicle reserve capacity for your
vehicle can be found in the lower right corner
of the Certification/Tire label as shown
previously.
See your dealer for additional advice and
information about using a snow plow on your
vehicle. Also, see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 407.
Emergency Roof Lamp Provisions
Vehicles with the RPO VYU snow plow prep
package also have an emergency roof lamp
provision package, RPO TRW. Wiring for the
emergency roof lamp is provided above the
overhead console. See Auxiliary Roof Mounted
Lamp on page 218 for switch location.
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing
service if you need to have your disabled vehicle
towed. See Roadside Assistance Program on
page 604.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another
vehicle for recreational purposes (such as behind
a motorhome), see “Recreational Vehicle
Towing” following.
417
Recreational Vehicle Towing
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your
vehicle behind another vehicle – such as behind a
motorhome. The two most common types of
recreational vehicle towing are known as dinghy
towing, towing your vehicle with all four wheels on
the ground, and dolly towing, towing your
vehicle with two wheels on the ground and two
wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”.
See your dealer or trailering professional
for additional advice and equipment
recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as
you would prepare your vehicle for a long
trip, you’ll want to make sure your vehicle is
prepared to be towed. See Before Leaving on
a Long Trip on page 396.
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See
“Dinghy Towing” and “Dolly Towing”, following.
Here are some important things to consider before
you do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing
vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle
manufacturer’s recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they
can tow.
418
Dinghy Towing
Two-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
Notice: If you tow a two-wheel-drive vehicle
with all four wheels on the ground, the
transmission could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Do not
tow a two-wheel-drive vehicle with all four
wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel-drive vehicles should not be towed
with all four wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel-drive transmissions have no provisions
for internal lubrication while being towed.
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
{CAUTION:
Shifting a four-wheel-drive vehicle’s
transfer case into NEUTRAL can cause
your vehicle to roll even if the
transmission is in PARK (P). You or
others could be injured. Make sure the
parking brake is firmly set before you shift
the transfer case to NEUTRAL.
Use the following procedure to tow your vehicle:
1. Shift the transmission to PARK (P).
2. Turn the engine off, but leave the ignition on.
3. Firmly set the parking brake.
4. Securely attach the vehicle being towed to the
tow vehicle.
5. Shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL (N). See
Four-Wheel Drive on page 150 for the proper
procedure to select the NEUTRAL (N)
position for your vehicle.
6. Release the parking brake only after the
vehicle being towed is firmly attached to
the towing vehicle.
7. Turn the ignition off.
419
Dolly Towing
Two-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
Notice: If you tow a two-wheel-drive vehicle
with the rear wheels on the ground, the
transmission could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Never
tow your vehicle with the rear wheels on the
ground.
Two-wheel-drive vehicles should not be towed
with the rear wheels on the ground.
Two-wheel-drive transmissions have no provisions
for internal lubrication while being towed.
Two-wheel-drive vehicles can be towed on a dolly
with the front wheels on the ground provided
that the wheels are straight.
Four-Wheel-Drive Vehicles
If your vehicle is equipped with StabiliTrak®, it is
not designed to be dolly towed. If you need to tow
your vehicle, see “Dinghy Towing” earlier in this
section.
420
If your vehicle is not equipped with StabiliTrak®,
use the following procedure to tow your vehicle:
1. Drive the vehicle up onto the tow dolly.
2. Shift the transmission to PARK (P).
3. Turn the engine off, but leave the ignition on.
4. Firmly set the parking brake.
5. Securely attach the vehicle being towed to the
tow dolly.
Level Control
{CAUTION:
Shifting a four-wheel-drive vehicle’s
transfer case into NEUTRAL can cause
your vehicle to roll even if the
transmission is in PARK (P). You or
others could be injured. Make sure the
parking brake is firmly set before you shift
the transfer case to NEUTRAL.
6. Shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL. See
Four-Wheel Drive on page 150 for the
proper procedure to select the NEUTRAL
position for your vehicle.
7. Release the parking brake only after the
vehicle being towed is firmly attached to
the towing vehicle.
Automatic Level Control
The automatic level control rear suspension is
available on two-wheel drive and four-wheel drive
light-duty vehicles and comes as a part of the
Autoride® suspension, if equipped.
This type of level control is fully automatic and will
provide a better leveled riding position as well
as better handling under a variety of passenger
and loading conditions. An air compressor
connected to the rear shocks will raise or lower
the rear of the vehicle to maintain proper vehicle
height. The system is activated when the
ignition key is turned to RUN and will automatically
adjust vehicle height thereafter. The system
may exhaust (lower vehicle height) for up to
ten minutes after the ignition key has been turned
off. You may hear the air compressor operating
when the height is being adjusted.
If a weight-distributing hitch is being used, it is
recommended to allow the shocks to inflate,
thereby leveling the vehicle prior to adjusting
the hitch.
421
Autoride®
Towing a Trailer
®
If equipped, the Autoride feature will provide a
superior vehicle ride and handling under a variety
of passenger and loading conditions.
The system is fully automatic and uses a computer
controller to continuously monitor vehicle speed,
wheel to body position, lift/dive and steering
position of the vehicle. The controller then sends
signals to each shock absorber to independently
adjust the damping level to provide the optimum
vehicle ride.
Autoride® also interacts with the tow/haul switch
that, when engaged, will provide additional control
of the shock absorbers. This additional control
results in better ride and handling characteristics
when the vehicle is loaded or towing a trailer. See
Tow/Haul Mode Light on page 259 for more
information.
Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See New
Vehicle Break-In on page 139 for more information.
{CAUTION:
If you do not use the correct equipment
and drive properly, you can lose control
when you pull a trailer. For example, if the
trailer is too heavy, the brakes may not
work well — or even at all. You and your
passengers could be seriously injured. Pull
a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Ask your dealer for
advice and information about towing a
trailer with your vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can
damage your vehicle and result in costly repairs
not covered by your warranty. To pull a trailer
correctly, follow the advice in this part, and see
your dealer for important information about
towing a trailer with your vehicle.
422
To identify the trailering capacity of your vehicle,
you should read the information in “Weight of
the Trailer” that appears later in this section.
Trailering is different than just driving your vehicle
by itself. Trailering means changes in acceleration,
braking, handling, durability and fuel economy.
Successful, safe trailering takes correct equipment,
and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety
rules. Many of these are important for your safety
and that of your passengers. So please read
this section carefully before you pull a trailer.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
• There are many different laws, including speed
limit restrictions, having to do with trailering.
Make sure your rig will be legal, not only where
you live but also where you’ll be driving. A
good source for this information can be state
or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches”
later in this section.
• Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first
500 miles (800 km) your new vehicle is driven.
Your engine, axle or other parts could be
damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that
you tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph
(80 km/h) and don’t make starts at full throttle.
This helps your engine and other parts of
your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.
• You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to
shift the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if
necessary, a lower gear selection if the
transmission shifts too often (e.g., under heavy
loads and/or hilly conditions). See “Tow/Haul
Mode” later in this section.
Three important considerations have to do with
weight:
• The weight of the trailer
• The weight of the trailer tongue
• The weight on your vehicle’s tires
423
Tow/Haul Mode
Tow/Haul is a feature that assists when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load. The
purpose of the Tow/Haul mode is to:
• Reduce the frequency and improve the
predictability of transmission shifts when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
• Provide the same solid shift feel when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load as when
the vehicle is unloaded.
• Improve control of vehicle speed while
requiring less throttle pedal activity when
pulling a heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
• Increase the charging system voltage to assist
in recharging a battery installed in a trailer.
Press this button at the end of the shift lever to
enable/disable the tow/haul mode.
A light on the instrument
panel will illuminate to
indicate that tow/haul
mode has been
selected.
424
Your vehicle is equipped with a button at the end of
the shift lever which, when pressed, enables
tow/haul. Your vehicle may be equipped with
Autoride® which further improves your vehicle’s ride
while towing. See Autoride® on page 422 for more
information. When the button is pressed, a light on
the instrument panel will illuminate to indicate that
Tow/Haul has been selected. Tow/Haul may be
turned off by pressing the button again, at which
time the indicator light on the instrument panel will
turn off. The vehicle will automatically turn off
Tow/Haul every time it is started.
Tow/Haul is designed to be most effective when
the vehicle and trailer combined weight is at
least 75 percent of the vehicle’s Gross Combined
Weight Rating (GCWR). See Weight of the
Trailer later in this section. Tow/Haul is most useful
under the following driving conditions:
• When pulling a heavy trailer or a large or
heavy load through rolling terrain.
• When pulling a heavy trailer or a large or
heavy load in stop and go traffic.
• When pulling a heavy trailer or a large or
heavy load in busy parking lots where
improved low speed control of the vehicle is
desired.
Operating the vehicle in tow/haul when lightly
loaded or with no trailer at all will not cause
damage. However, there is no benefit to the
selection of Tow/Haul when the vehicle is
unloaded. Such a selection when unloaded may
result in unpleasant engine and transmission
driving characteristics and reduced fuel economy.
Tow/Haul is recommended only when pulling a
heavy trailer or a large or heavy load.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to
pull a trailer are all important. It can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on
your vehicle, and the amount of tongue weight the
vehicle can carry. See “Weight of the Trailer
Tongue” later in this section for more information.
Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming
only the driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all
the required trailering equipment. The weight
of additional optional equipment, passengers and
cargo in the tow vehicle must be subtracted
from the maximum trailer weight.
425
Use one of the following charts to determine how much your vehicle can weigh, based upon your vehicle
model and options.
C-1500 (2WD)
4800 V8
5300 V8
5300 V8 (Extended
Models)
6000 V8 (Extended
Models)
K-1500 (4WD)
5300 V8
5300 V8 (Extended
Models)
6000 V8 (Extended
Models)
426
Axle Ratio
3.23
3.73
3.42
3.73
3.73
4.10
Maximum Trailer Weight
4,200 lbs (1 905 kg)
6,200 lbs (2 812 kg)
6,200 lbs (2 812 kg)
7,200 lbs (3 266 kg)
7,100 lbs (3 220 kg)
8,100 lbs (3 674 kg)
GCWR
10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)
12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)
12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)
13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)
13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
4.10
8,100 lbs (3 674 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
Axle Ratio
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.10
Maximum Trailer Weight
6,700 lbs (3 039 kg)
7,700 lbs (3 493 kg)
7,000 lbs (3 175 kg)
8,000 lbs (3 629 kg)
GCWR
13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
4.10
7,900 lbs (3 583 kg)
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
C-2500 (2WD)
6000 V8 (Extended
Models)
Axle Ratio
3.73
4.10
Maximum Trailer Weight
7,700 lbs (3 493 kg)
9,700 lbs (4 400 kg)
GCWR
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)
K-2500 (4WD
6000 V8 (Extended
Models)
Axle Ratio
3.73
4.10
Maximum Trailer Weight
7,500 lbs (3 402 kg)
9,500 lbs (4 309 kg)
GCWR
14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)
16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)
The Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) is
the total allowable weight of the completely
loaded vehicle and trailer including any
passengers, cargo, equipment and conversions.
The GCWR for your vehicle should not be
exceeded.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering
information or advice, or you can write us at the
address listed in your Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information Booklet.
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
427
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total
or gross weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle
Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the
vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and
the people who will be riding in the vehicle. If you
have a lot of options, equipment, passengers
or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue
weight your vehicle can carry, which will also
reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow. And
if you will tow a trailer, you must add the tongue
load to the GVW because your vehicle will be
carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your
Vehicle for more information about your vehicle’s
maximum load capacity.
The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent
to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight, up to
a maximum of 600 lbs (272 kg) with a weight
carrying hitch. The trailer tongue weight (A) should
be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight, up to a maximum of 1,000 lbs
(453 kg) for the 1500 series and up to a maximum
of 1,500 lbs (680 kg) for the 2500 series with a
weight distributing hitch.
Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue
weight for your vehicle. Choose the shortest hitch
extension that will position the hitch ball closest
to the vehicle. This will help reduce the effect
of trailer tongue weight on the rear axle.
428
After you have loaded the trailer, weigh the trailer
and then the tongue separately, to see if the
weights are proper. If they are not, you may be
able to get them right by moving some items
around in the trailer.
Trailering may be limited by the vehicle’s ability to
carry tongue weight. Tongue weight cannot
cause the vehicle to exceed the GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) or the RGAWR (Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating). The effect of additional
weight may reduce your trailering capacity more
than the total of the additional weight.
Consider the following example:
A vehicle model base weight is 5,500 lbs
(2 495 kg); 2,800 lbs (1 270 kg) at the front axle
and 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg) at the rear axle. It
has a GVWR of 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg), a RGAWR
of 4,000 lbs (1 814 kg) and a GCWR (Gross
Combination Weight Rating) of 14,000 lbs
(6 350 kg). The trailer rating should be:
You can expect tongue weight to be at least
10 percent of trailer weight (850 lbs (386 kg)) and
because the weight is applied well behind the
rear axle, the effect on the rear axle will be greater
than just the weight itself, as much as 1.5 times
as much. The weight at the rear axle could
be 850 lbs (386 kg) X 1.5 = 1,275 lbs (578 kg).
Since the rear axle already weighs 2,700 lbs
(1 225 kg), adding 1,275 lbs (578 kg) brings the
total to 3,975 lbs (1 803 kg). This is very close to,
but within the limit for RGAWR as well. The
vehicle is set to trailer up to 8,500 lbs (3 856 kg).
429
But let’s say your specific vehicle is equipped with
some of the latest options and you have a front seat
passenger and two rear seat passengers with some
luggage and gear in the vehicle as well. You may
add 300 lbs (136 kg) to the front axle weight and
400 lbs (181 kg) to the rear axle weight. Your
vehicle now weighs:
Weight is still below 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg) and you
may think that you should subtract 700 additional
pounds (318 kg) from your trailering capacity
to stay within GCWR limits. Your maximum trailer
would only be 7,800 lbs (3 538 kg). You may
go further and think you must limit tongue weight
to less than 1,000 lbs (454 kg) to avoid
exceeding GVWR. But, you must still consider the
effect on the rear axle.
430
Because your rear axle now weighs 3,100 lbs
(1 406 kg), you can only put 900 lbs (408 kg) on
the rear axle without exceeding RGAWR. The
effect of tongue weight is about 1.5 times
the actual weight. Dividing the 900 lbs (408 kg) by
1.5 leaves you with being able to handle only
600 lbs (272 kg) of tongue weight. Since tongue
weight is usually at least 10 percent of total loaded
trailer weight, you can expect that the largest
trailer your vehicle can properly handle is 6,000 lbs
(2 721 kg).
It is important that you make sure your vehicle
does not exceed any of its ratings — GCWR,
GVWR, RGAWR, Maximum Trailer Rating
or Tongue Weight. The only way to be sure you
are not exceeding any of these ratings is to weigh
your vehicle and trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
upper limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers
on the Certification label at the rear edge of the
driver’s door or see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 407 for more information. Then be sure you
don’t go over the GVW limit for your vehicle,
or the GAWR, including the weight of the trailer
tongue. If you use a weight distributing hitch, make
sure you don’t go over the rear axle limit before
you apply the weight distribution spring bars.
Weight-Distributing Hitches and Weight
Carrying Hitches
Hitches
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough
roads are a few reasons why you will need the
right hitch.
(A) Body to Ground Distance (B) Front of Vehicle
When using a weight-distributing hitch, the hitch
must be adjusted so the distance (A) remains
the same both before and after coupling the trailer
to the tow vehicle.
If you use a step-bumper hitch, the bumper could
be damaged in sharp turns. Make sure there is
ample room when turning to avoid contact between
the trailer and the bumper.
431
If you will be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 5,000 lbs (2 270 kg) be sure to
use a properly mounted weight-distributing hitch
and sway control of the proper size. This equipment
is very important for proper vehicle loading and
good handling when driving. Always use a sway
control if the trailer will weigh more than these
limits. You can ask a hitch dealer about sway
controls.
Safety Chains
You should always attach safety chains between
your vehicle and your trailer. Cross the safety
chains under the tongue of the trailer to help
prevent the tongue from contacting the road if it
becomes separated from the hitch.
Attach the safety chains to the attaching point on
the hitch platform. If you are towing with an
aftermarket hitch, following the trailer or hitch
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching
safety chains. Always leave just enough slack so
you can turn with your rig. Never allow safety
chains to drag on the ground.
432
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 2,000 lbs (900 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes – and they
must be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be
able to install, adjust and maintain them properly.
If your vehicle is equipped with StabiliTrak®,
your trailer cannot tap into the vehicle’s hydraulic
brake system.
Your trailer brake system can tap into the vehicle’s
hydraulic brake system only if:
• The trailer parts can withstand 3,000 psi
(20 650 kPa) of pressure.
• The trailer’s brake system will use less than
0.02 cubic inches (0.3 cc) of fluid from your
vehicle’s master cylinder. Otherwise, both
braking systems won’t work well. You could
even lose your brakes.
If everything checks out this far, make the brake
tap at the port on the master cylinder that
sends the fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t use
copper tubing for this. If you do, it will bend
and finally break off. Use steel brake tubing.
Driving with a Trailer
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Keep the rear-most windows closed.
• If exhaust does come into your vehicle
If you have a rear-most window open and
you pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon
monoxide (CO) could come into your
vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO. It
can cause unconsciousness or death. See
Engine Exhaust on page 160. To maximize
your safety when towing a trailer:
• Have your exhaust system inspected
for leaks, and make necessary repairs
before starting on your trip.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
through a window in the rear or
another opening, drive with your front,
main heating or cooling system on
and with the fan on any speed. This
will bring fresh, outside air into your
vehicle. Do not use the climate control
setting for maximum air because it
only recirculates the air inside your
vehicle. See Climate Control System
on page 227.
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of
experience. Before setting out for the open road,
you’ll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint
yourself with the feel of handling and braking with
the added weight of the trailer. And always
keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is
now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
433
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer
moving and then apply the trailer brake controller
by hand to be sure the brakes are working.
This lets you check your electrical connection at
the same time.
Backing Up
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure
that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any
trailer brakes are still working.
Making Turns
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead
as you would when driving your vehicle without
a trailer. This can help you avoid situations
that require heavy braking and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a
good deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can
return to your lane.
434
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one
hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left,
just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer
to the right, move your hand to the right. Always
back up slowly and, if possible, have someone
guide you.
Notice: Making very sharp turns while
trailering could cause the trailer to come in
contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be
damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns
while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer
won’t strike soft shoulders, curbs, road signs,
trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden
maneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
The arrows on your instrument panel will
flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change.
Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also
flash, telling other drivers you’re about to
turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the
bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may
think drivers behind you are seeing your signal
when they are not. It’s important to check
occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still
working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before
you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you
don’t shift down, you might have to use your
brakes so much that they would get hot and no
longer work well.
You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift
the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary,
a lower gear selection if the transmission shifts too
often (e.g., under heavy loads and/or hilly
conditions).
You may also want to activate the tow/haul mode
if the transmission shifts too often. See “Tow/Haul
Mode” earlier in this section for more information.
When towing at high altitude on steep uphill
grades, consider the following: Engine coolant at
higher altitudes will boil at a lower temperature
than at or near sea level. If you turn your engine
off immediately after towing at high altitude on
steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs
similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let
the engine run while parked (preferably on
level ground) with the automatic transmission in
PARK (P) for a few minutes before turning
the engine off. If you do get the overheat warning,
see Engine Overheating on page 473.
435
Parking on Hills
{CAUTION:
You really should not park your vehicle,
with a trailer attached, on a hill. If
something goes wrong, your rig could
start to move. People can be injured, and
both your vehicle and the trailer can be
damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill,
here’s how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brake, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release
the regular brakes until the chocks absorb
the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake and shift into PARK (P).
436
5. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure
the transfer case is in a drive gear and not in
NEUTRAL.
6. Release the regular brakes.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your
vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly
set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle
will not move, even when you are on fairly
level ground, use the steps that follow.
Always put the shift lever fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
CAUTION:
(Continued)
If the transfer case on four-wheel-drive
vehicles is in NEUTRAL, your vehicle will
be free to roll, even if your shift lever is in
PARK (P). So, be sure the transfer case is
in a drive gear — not in NEUTRAL.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal
down while you:
• start your engine,
• shift into a gear, and
• release the parking brake.
Your vehicle will need service more often when
you’re pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance
Schedule for more on this. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are
automatic transmission fluid (don’t overfill), engine
oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system and
brake system. Each of these is covered in this
manual, and the Index will help you find them
quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea
to review these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and
bolts are tight.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the
chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the
chocks.
437
Trailer Wiring Harness
Your vehicle is equipped with the following wiring
harnesses for towing a trailer.
Basic Trailer Wiring
The trailer wiring harness, with a seven-pin
connector, is located at the rear of the vehicle and
is tied to the vehicle’s frame. The harness
connector can be plugged into a seven-pin
universal heavy-duty trailer connector available
through your dealer.
The seven-wire harness contains the following
trailer circuits:
• Yellow: Left Stop/Turn Signal
• Dark Green: Right Stop/Turn Signal
• Brown: Taillamps
• White: Ground
• Light Green: Back-up Lamps
• Red: Battery Feed*
• Dark Blue: Trailer Brake*
*The fuses for these two circuits are installed in
the underhood electrical center, but the wires
are not connected. They should be connected by
your dealer or a qualified service center.
438
Heavy-Duty Trailer Wiring Harness
Package
Your vehicle is equipped with the seven-wire
trailer towing harness. This harness with a
seven-pin universal trailer connector is attached to
a bracket on the hitch platform.
The seven-wire harness contains the following
trailer circuits:
• Yellow: Left Stop/Turn Signal
• Dark Green: Right Stop/Turn Signal
• Brown: Taillamps
• White: Ground
• Light Green: Back-up Lamps
• Red: Battery Feed*
• Dark Blue: Trailer Brake*
*The fuses for these two circuits are installed in
the underhood electrical center, but the wires
are not connected. They should be connected by
your dealer or a qualified service center.
If you are charging a remote (non-vehicle) battery,
press the tow/haul mode button located at the
end of the shift lever. This will boost the vehicle
system voltage and properly charge the battery. If
the trailer is too light for tow/haul mode, you
can turn on the headlamps as a second way to
boost the vehicle system and charge the battery.
439
Electric Brake Control Wiring
Provisions
These wiring provisions are included with your
vehicle as part of the trailer wiring package. These
provisions are for an electric brake controller. The
instrument panel contains blunt cut wires near the
data link connector for the trailer brake controller.
The harness contains the following wires:
• Dark Blue: Brake Signal to Trailer Connector
• Red/Black: Battery
• Light Blue/White: Brake Switch
• White: Ground
It should be installed by your dealer or a qualified
service center.
Power Winches
If you wish to use a power winch on your vehicle,
only use it when your vehicle is stationary or
anchored.
440
Trailer Recommendations
You must subtract your hitch loads from the Cargo
Weight Rating (CWR) for your vehicle. CWR is
the maximum weight of the load your vehicle can
carry. It doesn’t include the weight of the people
inside. But you can figure about 150 lbs. (68 kg) for
each seat. The total cargo load must not be
more than your vehicle’s CWR.
Weigh your vehicle with the trailer attached, so
that you won’t go over the GVWR or GAWR. If you
are using a weight-distributing hitch, weigh the
vehicle without the spring bars in place.
You’ll get the best performance if you spread out
the weight of your load the right way, and if
you choose the correct hitch and trailer brakes.
For more information, see Towing a Trailer
on page 422.
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ........................................................ 444
Accessories and Modifications ................... 444
California Proposition 65 Warning .............. 445
Doing Your Own Service Work .................. 445
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle .......................................... 446
Fuel ............................................................. 446
Gasoline Octane ........................................ 447
Gasoline Specifications .............................. 447
California Fuel ........................................... 447
Additives ................................................... 448
Fuel E85 (85% Ethanol) ............................ 449
Fuels in Foreign Countries ........................ 450
Filling the Tank ......................................... 451
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ............... 455
Checking Things Under the Hood .............. 456
Hood Release ........................................... 457
Engine Compartment Overview .................. 458
Engine Oil ................................................. 459
Engine Oil Life System .............................. 462
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ............................ 464
Automatic Transmission Fluid .................... 466
Engine Coolant .......................................... 470
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............ 473
Engine Overheating ................................... 473
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ..................................... 476
Cooling System ......................................... 477
Engine Fan Noise ..................................... 483
Power Steering Fluid ................................. 484
Windshield Washer Fluid ........................... 485
Brakes ...................................................... 486
Battery ...................................................... 490
Jump Starting ............................................ 491
Rear Axle .................................................... 496
Four-Wheel Drive ........................................ 497
Front Axle ................................................... 498
Headlamp Aiming ........................................ 499
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 502
Halogen Bulbs ........................................... 502
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ...................................... 502
License Plate Lamp ................................... 504
Replacement Bulbs ................................... 504
441
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ....... 505
Tires ............................................................ 507
Tire Sidewall Labeling ............................... 508
Tire Terminology and Definitions ............... 512
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................. 515
Tire Pressure Monitor System ................... 516
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...................... 521
When It Is Time for New Tires .................. 523
Buying New Tires ...................................... 524
Different Size Tires and Wheels ................ 526
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..................... 527
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ............ 528
Wheel Replacement .................................. 528
Tire Chains ............................................... 530
If a Tire Goes Flat .................................... 531
Changing a Flat Tire ................................. 532
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools .......... 533
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire ....................................... 537
Secondary Latch System ........................... 543
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...... 547
Spare Tire ................................................. 552
442
Appearance Care ........................................ 553
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .......... 553
Fabric/Carpet ............................................. 554
Leather ...................................................... 555
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces ..................................... 556
Care of Safety Belts .................................. 556
Weatherstrips ............................................ 556
Washing Your Vehicle ............................... 557
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ................ 557
Finish Care ............................................... 557
Windshield, Backglass, and Wiper
Blades ................................................... 558
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
and Trim ................................................ 559
Tires ......................................................... 560
Sheet Metal Damage ................................. 560
Finish Damage .......................................... 560
Underbody Maintenance ............................ 560
Chemical Paint Spotting ............................ 561
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............ 561
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Vehicle Identification .................................. 562
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ........... 562
Service Parts Identification Label ............... 563
Electrical System ........................................ 563
Add-On Electrical Equipment ..................... 563
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................ 564
Power Windows and Other Power
Options .................................................. 564
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ....................... 564
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ..................... 565
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block ......... 566
Underhood Fuse Block .............................. 567
Capacities and Specifications .................... 572
443
Service
Accessories and Modifications
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with it. We hope you will go
to your dealer for all your service needs. You will
get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and
supported service people.
When you add non-GM accessories to your vehicle
they can affect your vehicle’s performance and
safety, including such things as, airbags, braking,
stability, ride and handling, emissions systems,
aerodynamics, durability, and electronic systems
like anti-lock brakes, traction control and
stability control. Some of these accessories may
even cause malfunction or damage not covered by
warranty.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle
all GM. Genuine GM parts have one of these
marks:
GM Accessories are designed to complement and
function with other systems on your vehicle.
Your GM dealer/retailer can accessorize your
vehicle using genuine GM Accessories. When you
go to your GM dealer/retailer and ask for GM
Accessories, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM Accessories.
444
California Proposition 65 Warning
Most motor vehicles, including this one, contain
and/or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm. Engine exhaust,
many parts and systems (including some inside
the vehicle), many fluids, and some component
wear by-products contain and/or emit these
chemicals.
Doing Your Own Service Work
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could
be damaged if you try to do service work
on a vehicle without knowing enough
about it.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Be sure you have sufficient
knowledge, experience, the proper
replacement parts, and tools
before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts,
and other fasteners. English and
metric fasteners can be easily
confused. If you use the wrong
fasteners, parts can later break or fall
off. You could be hurt.
If you want to do some of your own service work,
you should use the proper service manual. It
tells you much more about how to service your
vehicle than this manual can. To order the proper
service manual, see Service Publications
Ordering Information on page 616.
445
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to do your own service work, see
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on
page 106.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts
and list the mileage and the date of any service
work you perform. See Maintenance Record
on page 594.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your
vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may
cause wind noise and affect windshield washer
performance. Check with your dealer before
adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.
446
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part
of the proper maintenance of your vehicle. To
help keep the engine clean and maintain optimum
vehicle performance, GM recommends the use
of gasoline advertised as TOP TIER Detergent
Gasoline.
The 8th digit of the Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) shows the code letter or number that
identifies your vehicle’s engine. The VIN is at the
top left of the instrument panel. See Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN) on page 562.
If your vehicle has the 5.3L V8 engine
(VIN Code 0) or the 5.3L V8 engine (VIN Code 3),
you can use either regular unleaded gasoline or
ethanol fuel containing up to 85% ethanol
(E85); also see Fuel E85 (85% Ethanol) on
page 449. In all other engines, use only regular
unleaded gasoline.
Gasoline Octane
California Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted
octane rating of 87 or higher. If the octane rating
is less than 87, you might notice an audible
knocking noise when you drive, commonly referred
to as spark knock. If this occurs, use a gasoline
rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as possible. If
you are using gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher and you hear heavy knocking, the engine
needs service.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California
Emissions Standards, it is designed to operate on
fuels that meet California specifications. See
the underhood emission control label. If this fuel is
not available in states adopting California
emissions standards, your vehicle will operate
satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction
indicator lamp may turn on and your vehicle may
fail a smog-check test. See Malfunction Indicator
Lamp on page 253. If this occurs, return to
your authorized GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is
determined that the condition is caused by the type
of fuel used, repairs may not be covered by
your warranty.
Gasoline Specifications
At a minimum, gasoline should meet ASTM
specification D 4814 in the United States or
CAN/CGSB-3.5 in Canada. Some gasolines may
contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT). General Motors recommends against the
use of gasolines containing MMT. See Additives
on page 448 for additional information.
447
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United
States are now required to contain additives
that will help prevent engine and fuel system
deposits from forming, allowing your emission
control system to work properly. In most cases,
you should not have to add anything to your fuel.
However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency regulations.
To help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean,
or if your vehicle experiences problems due to
dirty injectors or valves, look for gasoline that is
advertised as TOP TIER Detergent Gasoline. Also,
your dealer has additives that will help correct
and prevent most deposit-related problems.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers
and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may
be available in your area. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines if they
comply with the specifications described earlier.
However, E85 (85% ethanol) and other fuels
containing more than 10% ethanol must not be
used in vehicles that were not designed for
those fuels.
448
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Do not use
fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal
parts in the fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage would
not be covered under your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing
additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese
tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you
buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT.
General Motors recommends against the use of
such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce
the life of spark plugs and the performance of
the emission control system may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If this
occurs, return to your dealer for service.
Fuel E85 (85% Ethanol)
The 8th digit of the Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) shows the code letter or number that
identifies your vehicle’s engine. The VIN is at the
top left of the instrument panel. See Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN) on page 562.
If your vehicle has the 5.3L V8 engine (Code 0) or
the 5.3L V8 engine (Code 3), you can use
either regular unleaded gasoline or ethanol fuel
containing up to 85% ethanol (E85); also see Fuel
on page 446. In all other engines, use only the
unleaded gasoline described under Gasoline
Octane on page 447.
Only vehicles that have the 5.3L V8 engine
(Code 0) or the 5.3L V8 engine (Code 3) can use
85% ethanol fuel (E85). We encourage the use
of E85 in vehicles that are designed to use it. The
ethanol in E85 is a “renewable” fuel, meaning it
is made from renewable sources such as corn and
other crops.
Many service stations will not have an 85%
ethanol fuel (E85) pump available. The U. S.
Department of Energy has an alternative
fuels website (www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/
infrastructure/locator.html) that can help you
find E85 fuel. Those stations that do have E85
should have a label indicating ethanol content. Do
not use the fuel if the ethanol content is greater
than 85%.
At a minimum, E85 should meet ASTM
Specification D 5798. By definition, this means
that fuel labeled E85 will have an ethanol content
between 70% and 85%. Filling the fuel tank
with fuel mixtures that do not meet ASTM
specifications can affect driveability and could
cause the malfunction indicator lamp to come on.
To ensure quick starts in the wintertime, the
E85 fuel must be formulated properly for your
climate according to ASTM specification D 5798. If
you have trouble starting on E85, it could be
because the E85 fuel is not properly formulated
for your climate. If this happens, switching to
gasoline or adding gasoline to the fuel tank can
improve starting. For good starting and heater
efficiency below 32°F (0°C), the fuel mix in the fuel
tank should contain no more than 70% ethanol.
449
It is best not to alternate repeatedly between
gasoline and E85. If you do switch fuels, it is
recommended that you add as much fuel as
possible — do not add less than three gallons
(11 L) when refueling. You should drive the vehicle
immediately after refueling for at least seven miles
(11 km) to allow the vehicle to adapt to the change
in ethanol concentration.
E85 has less energy per gallon than gasoline, so
you will need to refill the fuel tank more often
when using E85 than when you are using gasoline.
See Filling the Tank on page 451.
Notice: Some additives are not compatible
with E85 fuel and can harm your vehicle’s fuel
system. Damage caused by additives would
not be covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for
fuel that contains methanol. Do not use
fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal
parts in the fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage would
not be covered under your warranty.
450
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside
the United States or Canada, the proper fuel might
be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or
any other fuel not recommended in the previous
text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of
improper fuel would not be covered by your
warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business
in the country where you will be driving.
Filling the Tank
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire
can cause bad injuries. To help avoid
injuries to you and others, read and follow
all the instructions on the pump island.
Turn off your engine when you are
refueling. Do not smoke if you are near
fuel or refueling your vehicle. Do not use
cellular phones. Keep sparks, flames, and
smoking materials away from fuel. Do not
leave the fuel pump unattended when
refueling your vehicle. This is against the
law in some places. Do not re-enter
vehicle while pumping fuel. Keep children
away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
The tethered fuel cap is located behind a hinged
fuel door on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
For vehicles with E85 fuel capability, a yellow cap
with the words “E85 or gasoline” will appear.
451
To open the fuel door, push the rearward center
edge inboard and release. The door will pop open.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly
counterclockwise. The fuel cap has a spring in it; if
the cap is released too soon, it will spring back
to the right.
While refueling, hang the tethered fuel cap from
the hook on the fuel door.
452
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel
can spray out on you if you open the fuel
cap too quickly. This spray can happen if
your tank is nearly full, and is more likely
in hot weather. Open the fuel cap slowly
and wait for any hiss noise to stop. Then
unscrew the cap all the way.
Be careful not to spill fuel. Do not top off or overfill
the tank and wait a few seconds after you have
finished pumping before removing the nozzle.
Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon
as possible. See Washing Your Vehicle on
page 557.
When replacing the fuel cap, turn it clockwise until
it clicks. Make sure the cap is fully installed.
The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed.
This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 253.
453
If your vehicle has a Driver Information Center
(DIC), the TIGHTEN GAS CAP message will be
displayed if the fuel cap is not properly installed.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do
not remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of
fuel by shutting off the pump or by
notifying the station attendant. Leave the
area immediately.
454
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to
get the right type. Your dealer can get one
for you. If you get the wrong type, it may not
fit properly. This may cause your malfunction
indicator lamp to light and may damage
your fuel tank and emissions system. See
Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 253.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it
is in your vehicle. Static electricity
discharge from the container can ignite
the gasoline vapor. You can be badly
burned and your vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and
others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside
a vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup
bed, or on any surface other than the
ground.
CAUTION:
inside of the fill opening before
operating the nozzle. Contact should
be maintained until the filling is
complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping
gasoline.
• Do not use a cellular phone while
pumping gasoline.
(Continued)
455
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
456
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine
parts and start a fire. These include
liquids like fuel, oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and
plastic or rubber. You or others could be
burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood do the following:
1. Pull the handle with
this symbol on it. It
is located inside
the vehicle to
the lower left of the
steering wheel.
2. Then go to the front of the vehicle and locate
the secondary hood release, near the center
of the grille.
3. Push the secondary hood release to the right.
4. Lift the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler
caps are on properly. Then bring the hood
from full open to within 6 inches (152 mm)
from the closed position, pause, then push the
front center of the hood with a swift, firm
motion to fully close the hood.
457
Engine Compartment Overview
When you open the hood on the 5.3L engine (4.8L and 6.0L similar), here is what you will see:
458
A. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 464.
B. Air Filter Restriction Indicator (If Equipped).
See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 464.
C. Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap.
See Cooling System on page 477 and Coolant
Surge Tank Pressure Cap on page 473.
D. Remote Positive (+) Terminal. See Jump
Starting on page 491.
E. Battery. See Battery on page 490.
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See “When to Add Engine
Oil” under Engine Oil on page 459.
G. Automatic Transmission Dipstick. See
“Checking the Fluid Level” under Automatic
Transmission Fluid on page 466.
H. Remote Negative (−) Terminal (Out of View).
See Jump Starting on page 491.
I. Engine Oil Dipstick (Out of View). See
“Checking Engine Oil” under Engine Oil on
page 459.
J. Engine Cooling Fan. See Cooling System on
page 477.
K. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power
Steering Fluid on page 484.
L. Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See “Brake
Fluid” under Brakes on page 486.
M. Underhood Fuse Block. See Underhood Fuse
Block on page 567.
N. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See
“Adding Washer Fluid” under Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 485.
Engine Oil
If the CHECK OIL LEVEL message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) comes on, check the
engine oil level right away. For more information,
see CHECK OIL LEVEL under DIC Warnings and
Messages on page 270. You should check the
engine oil level regularly; this is an added reminder.
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check the engine oil every time
you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading,
the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be
on level ground.
459
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 458
for the location of the engine oil dipstick.
1. Turn off the engine and give the oil
several minutes to drain back into the oil
pan. If you do not do this, the oil dipstick might
not show the actual level.
2. Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper
towel or cloth, then push it back in all the
way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down,
and check the level.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If the engine
has so much oil that the oil level gets above
the cross-hatched area that shows the
proper operating range, the engine could be
damaged.
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 458 for the
location of the engine oil
fill cap.
When to Add Engine Oil
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level
somewhere in the proper operating range. Push
the dipstick all the way back in when you are
through.
If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at the tip
of the dipstick, you need to add at least one
quart/liter of oil. But you must use the right kind.
This section explains what kind of oil to use.
For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities
and Specifications on page 572.
460
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for three things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. Look for and use only
an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is
best for your vehicle.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other
viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.
• Oils meeting these
requirements should
have the starburst
symbol on the
container. This
symbol indicates that
the oil has been
certified by the
American Petroleum
Institute (API).
Look for this information on the oil container, and
use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst
symbol on the front of the oil container.
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as
meeting GM Standard GM6094M and showing
the American Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines starburst symbol. Failure to
use the recommended oil can result in engine
damage not covered by your warranty.
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements
for your vehicle.
461
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both provide
easier cold starting and better protection for
the engine at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
Do not add anything to the oil. The recommended
oils with the starburst symbol that meet GM
Standard GM6094M are all you need for good
performance and engine protection.
Engine Oil Life System
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you
know when to change the engine oil and filter.
This is based on engine revolutions and engine
temperature, and not on mileage. Based on driving
conditions, the mileage at which an oil change
will be indicated can vary considerably. For the oil
life system to work properly, you must reset the
system every time the oil is changed.
462
When the system has calculated that oil life has
been diminished, it will indicate that an oil change
is necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON
message will come on. See DIC Warnings
and Messages on page 270. Change your oil as
soon as possible within the next 600 miles
(1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are driving
under the best conditions, the oil life system may
not indicate that an oil change is necessary for
over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset. Your dealer
has GM-trained service people who will perform
this work using genuine GM parts and reset
the system. It is also important to check your oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
since your last oil change. Remember to reset the
oil life system whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the Engine Oil Life
System
The Engine Oil Life System calculates when to
change your engine oil and filter based on vehicle
use. Anytime your oil is changed, reset the
system so it can calculate when the next oil
change is required. If a situation occurs where you
change your oil prior to a CHANGE ENGINE
OIL SOON message coming on, reset the system.
Always reset the engine oil life to 100% after
every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset
the Engine Oil Life System, do the following:
1. Display the OIL LIFE REMAINING on the DIC.
If your vehicle does not have DIC buttons, the
vehicle must be in PARK (P) to access this
display. See DIC Operation and Displays (With
DIC Buttons) on page 261 or DIC Operation
and Displays (Without DIC Buttons) on
page 267.
2. Press and hold the SET/RESET button on
the DIC, or the trip odometer reset stem if your
vehicle does not have DIC buttons, for more
than five seconds. The oil life will change
to 100%.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes back on when you start your vehicle, the
Engine Oil Life System has not reset. Repeat
the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that
may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer. Do not let used oil stay on
your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails
with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner.
Wash or properly dispose of clothing or rags
containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil
products.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from
the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by
putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of
used oil, ask your dealer, a service station, or a
local recycling center for help.
463
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 458 for the
location of the engine air
cleaner/filter and the
air filter restriction
indicator, if the vehicle
has one.
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
If your vehicle has an air filter restriction indicator,
it lets you know when the engine air cleaner/filter
needs to be replaced. On vehicles with a restriction
indicator, you should inspect the air filter
restriction indicator at every oil change and
replace the engine air cleaner/filter when the
indicator tells you to.
On vehicles without an air filter restriction indicator,
inspect the air cleaner/filter at the Maintenance II
intervals and replace it at the first oil change after
each 50,000 mile (83 000 km) interval. See
Scheduled Maintenance on page 579 for more
information. If you are driving in dusty/dirty
conditions, inspect the filter at each engine oil
change.
464
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Vehicles With an Air Filter Restriction
Indicator
Replacing the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
and Resetting the Air Filter Restriction
Indicator
Locate the air filter restriction indicator on the
engine air cleaner/filter cover. When the indicator
turns black or is in the red/orange “change” zone,
replace the filter and reset the indicator. See the
steps following to replace the engine air cleaner/
filter and to reset the air filter restriction indicator.
Vehicles Without an Air Filter Restriction
Indicator
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the engine
air cleaner/filter from the vehicle by following
Steps 1 through 6. When you have the engine air
cleaner/filter removed, lightly shake it to release
loose dust and dirt. If the engine air cleaner/filter
remains caked with dirt, a new filter is required.
1. Locate the air cleaner/filter assembly. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 458.
2. Loosen the four screws on the cover of the
housing and lift up the cover.
465
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off can cause you or others
to be burned. The air cleaner not only
cleans the air; it helps to stop flames if
the engine backfires. If it is not there and
the engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
3. Remove the engine air cleaner/filter from the
housing. Care should be taken to dislodge as
little dirt as possible.
4. Clean the engine air cleaner/filter sealing
surfaces and the housing.
5. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
6. Reinstall the cover and tighten the screws.
7. Reset the air filter restriction indicator, if
the vehicle has one, by pressing the top button
on the indicator.
466
Automatic Transmission Fluid
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transmission Fluid
A good time to check your automatic transmission
fluid level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in
Additional Required Services on page 582, and
be sure to use the transmission fluid listed in
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 590.
How to Check Automatic Transmission
Fluid
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at
normal operating temperature, which is 180°F to
200°F (82°C to 93°C).
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you
may choose to have this done at the dealership
service department.
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about
15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are
above 50°F (10°C). If it is colder than 50°F (10°C),
drive the vehicle in THIRD (3) until the engine
temperature gage moves and then remains steady
for 10 minutes.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can
damage your transmission. Too much can
mean that some of the fluid could come out
and fall on hot engine parts or exhaust system
parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid could
cause the transmission to overheat. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transmission fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the
transmission fluid level if you have been driving:
• When outside temperatures are above
90°F (32°C).
• At high speed for quite a while.
• In heavy traffic — especially in hot weather.
• While pulling a trailer.
A cold fluid check can be made after the vehicle
has been sitting for eight hours or more with
the engine off, but this is used only as a reference.
Let the engine run at idle for five minutes if
outside temperatures are 50°F (10°C) or more. If it
is colder than 50°F (10°C), you may have to idle
the engine longer. Should the fluid level be
low during this cold check, you must check the
fluid hot before adding fluid. Checking the fluid hot
will give you a more accurate reading of the
fluid level.
467
Checking the Fluid Level
Prepare your vehicle as follows:
1. Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
2. With the parking brake applied, place the shift
lever in PARK (P).
3. With your foot on the brake pedal, move the
shift lever through each gear range, pausing
for about three seconds in each range.
Then, position the shift lever in PARK (P).
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 458
for more information on location.
1. Flip the handle up and then pull out the
dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds
and then pull it back out again.
4. Let the engine run at idle for three minutes
or more.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these
steps:
The transmission
dipstick handle with this
graphic is located at
the rear of the engine
compartment, on
the passenger’s side of
the vehicle.
468
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
COLD area, below the cross-hatched area, for
a cold check or in the HOT or cross-hatched
area for a hot check. Be sure to keep the
dipstick pointed down to get an accurate
reading.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range,
push the dipstick back in all the way; then
flip the handle down to lock the dipstick
in place.
Consistency of Readings
Always check the fluid level at least twice using
the procedure described previously. Consistency
(repeatable readings) is important to maintaining
proper fluid level. If readings are still inconsistent,
contact your dealer.
How to Add Automatic Transmission
Fluid
Notice: Use of the incorrect automatic
transmission fluid may damage your vehicle,
and the damages may not be covered by
your warranty. Always use the automatic
transmission fluid listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 590.
• After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check Automatic
Transmission Fluid,” earlier in this section.
• When the correct fluid level is obtained, push
the dipstick back in all the way; then flip the
handle down to lock the dipstick in place.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of transmission fluid to use. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 590.
Using a funnel, add fluid down the transmission
dipstick tube only after checking the transmission
fluid while it is hot. A cold check is used only
as a reference. If the fluid level is low, add only
enough of the proper fluid to bring the level up to
the HOT area for a hot check. It does not take
much fluid, generally less than one pint (0.5 L). Do
not overfill.
469
Engine Coolant
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is
designed to remain in your vehicle for five years or
150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever occurs
first, if you add only DEX-COOL® extended
life coolant.
The following explains your cooling system and
how to add coolant when it is low. If you have
a problem with engine overheating, see Engine
Overheating on page 473.
470
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
• Give freezing protection down to
−34°F (−37°C).
• Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).
• Protect against rust and corrosion.
• Help keep the proper engine temperature.
• Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core, or
radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant may require changing sooner, at the
first maintenance service after each
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
What to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water
and one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which will
not damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant
mixture, you do not need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant
mixture, your engine could overheat and be
badly damaged. The repair cost would not be
covered by your warranty. Too much water
in the mixture can freeze and crack the engine,
radiator, heater core, and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a
year, have your dealer check your cooling
system.
Notice: If you use extra inhibitors and/or
additives in your vehicle’s cooling system, you
could damage your vehicle. Use only the
proper mixture of the engine coolant listed in
this manual for the cooling system. See
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 590 for more information.
471
Checking Coolant
Adding Coolant
The coolant surge tank is located in the engine
compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 458 for more information on location.
If you need more coolant, add the proper
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture at the surge tank,
but only when the engine is cool.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when
the engine and radiator are hot can allow
steam and scalding liquids to blow out
and burn you badly. Never turn the surge
tank pressure cap — even a little — when
the engine and radiator are hot.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When
your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
the FULL COLD mark.
472
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
When replacing the pressure cap, make sure it is
hand-tight and fully seated.
Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
Engine Overheating
Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly
installed, coolant loss and possible engine
damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly
and tightly secured.
You will find a coolant temperature gage on your
vehicle’s instrument panel. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage on page 252.
The coolant surge tank pressure cap must be fully
installed on the coolant surge tank. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 458 for more
information on location.
In addition, you will find an ENGINE
OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE, ENGINE
OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE, and an ENGINE
POWER IS REDUCED message in the Driver
Information Center (DIC) on the instrument panel.
See DIC Warnings and Messages on page 270.
473
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can
burn you badly, even if you just open the
hood. Stay away from the engine if you
see or hear steam coming from it. Turn it
off and get everyone away from the
vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant
before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when the vehicles
engine is overheated, the liquids in it can
catch fire. You or others could be badly
burned. Stop your engine if it overheats,
and get out of the vehicle until the engine
is cool.
CAUTION:
474
(Continued)
(Continued)
See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 476 for
information on driving to a safe place in
an emergency.
Notice: If your engine catches fire because
you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle
can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. See
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode
on page 476 for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
The ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP ENGINE or
the ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE ENGINE
message, along with a low coolant condition, can
indicate a serious problem.
If you get an engine overheat warning, but see or
hear no steam, the problem may not be too
serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too
hot when you:
• Climb a long hill on a hot day.
• Stop after high-speed driving.
• Idle for long periods in traffic.
• Tow a trailer. See Towing a Trailer on
page 422.
If you get the ENGINE OVERHEATED STOP
ENGINE or the ENGINE OVERHEATED IDLE
ENGINE message with no sign of steam, try this
for a minute or so:
1. If you have an air conditioner and it is on, turn
it off.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest
fan speed and open the windows as
necessary.
3. In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in
NEUTRAL (N) while stopped. If it is safe to do
so, pull off the road, shift to PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for
about 10 minutes. If the warning does not come
back on, you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park
your vehicle immediately.
475
If there is still no sign of steam and your vehicle is
equipped with an engine-driven cooling fan,
push down the accelerator until the engine speed
is about twice as fast as normal idle speed for
at least five minutes while you are parked.
If there is still no sign of steam and your vehicle is
equipped with an electric cooling fan, idle the
engine for five minutes while you are parked.
If you still have the warning, turn off the engine
and get everyone out of the vehicle until it
cools down. Also, see “Overheated Engine
Protection Operating Mode” later in this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get
service help right away.
476
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
If an overheated engine condition exists and the
REDUCED ENGINE POWER message is
displayed, an overheat protection mode which
alternates firing groups of cylinders helps prevent
engine damage. In this mode, you will notice a
loss in power and engine performance. This
operating mode allows your vehicle to be driven to
a safe place in an emergency. Driving extended
miles (km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat
protection mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine
damage, allow the engine to cool before
attempting any repair. The engine oil will be
severely degraded. Repair the cause of coolant
loss, change the oil and reset the oil life
system. See Engine Oil on page 459.
Cooling System
When you decide it is safe to lift the hood, here is
what you will see:
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing, and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is
boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.
If possible, the vehicle should be parked on a
level surface. Check the coolant level after
the system cools down. Some amount of coolant
may be lost due to overheating.
5.3L Engine (4.8L and 6.0L Similar)
A. Coolant Surge Tank
B. Coolant Surge Tank Pressure Cap
C. Engine Cooling Fan(s)
477
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other
engine parts, can be very hot. Do not
touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If
you run the engine, it could lose all
coolant. That could cause an engine fire,
and you could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive the vehicle.
The coolant level should be at or above the FULL
COLD mark. If it is not, you may have a leak at
the pressure cap or in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in the cooling system.
478
Notice: Engine damage from running your
engine without coolant is not covered by your
warranty. See Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode on page 476 for information on
driving to a safe place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL®
may cause premature engine, heater core, or
radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine
coolant could require changing sooner, at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months,
whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL® (silicate-free) coolant in your
vehicle.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Surge Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, check to see
if coolant is visible in the surge tank. If coolant
is visible but the coolant level is not at or above the
FULL COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of
clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant at
the coolant surge tank, but be sure the cooling
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure
cap, is cool before you do it. See Engine
Coolant on page 470 for more information.
479
If no coolant is visible in the surge tank, add
coolant as follows:
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling system can blow out and burn
you badly. They are under pressure, and if
you turn the coolant surge tank pressure
cap — even a little — they can come out at
high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait for
the cooling system and coolant surge
tank pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
480
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mixture will.
Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is
set for the proper coolant mixture. With
plain water or the wrong mixture, your
engine could get too hot but you would
not get the overheat warning. Your engine
could catch fire and you or others could
be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and
crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts. Use the recommended coolant and
the proper coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on
hot engine parts. Coolant contains
ethylene glycol and it will burn if the
engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill
coolant on a hot engine.
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap
when the cooling
system, including
the coolant
surge tank pressure
cap and upper
radiator hose, is no
longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise
about one full turn. If you hear a hiss, wait
for that to stop. A hiss means there is
still some pressure left.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap slowly,
and remove it.
481
3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper
mixture, to the FULL COLD mark.
482
4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off,
start the engine and let it run until you can
feel the upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch
out for the engine cooling fan.
By this time, the coolant level inside the
coolant surge tank may be lower. If the level
is lower, add more of the proper mixture
to the coolant surge tank until the level
reaches the FULL COLD mark.
5. Then replace the pressure cap. Be sure the
pressure cap is hand-tight and fully seated.
6. Verify coolant level after engine is shut off
and the coolant is cold. If necessary, repeat
coolant fill procedure steps 1 through 6.
Engine Fan Noise
If your vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan,
when the clutch is engaged, the fan spins
faster to provide more air to cool the engine. In
most everyday driving conditions, the fan is
spinning slower and the clutch is not fully engaged.
This improves fuel economy and reduces fan
noise. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing,
and/or high outside temperatures, the fan speed
increases as the clutch more fully engages, so you
may hear an increase in fan noise. This is
normal and should not be mistaken as the
transmission slipping or making extra shifts. It is
merely the cooling system functioning properly.
The fan will slow down when additional cooling is
not required and the clutch disengages.
You may also hear this fan noise when you start
the engine. It will go away as the fan clutch
partially disengages.
If your vehicle has electric cooling fans, you may
hear the fans spinning at low speed during most
everyday driving. The fans may turn off if no cooling
is required. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer
towing, and/or high outside temperatures, or if you
are operating your air conditioning system, the fans
may change to high speed and you may hear an
increase in fan noise. This is normal and indicates
that the cooling system is functioning properly. The
fans will change to low speed when additional
cooling is no longer required.
483
Power Steering Fluid
See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 458 for
reservoir location.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
To check the power steering fluid, do the following:
1. Turn the key off and let the engine
compartment cool down.
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir
clean.
3. Unscrew the cap and wipe the dipstick with a
clean rag.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
5. Remove the cap again and look at the
fluid level on the dipstick.
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power
steering fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in
the system or you hear an unusual noise. A
fluid loss in this system could indicate a problem.
Have the system inspected and repaired.
484
The level should be at the FULL COLD mark. If
necessary, add only enough fluid to bring the level
up to the mark.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 590.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the
proper fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses
and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure
to read the manufacturer’s instructions before
use. If you will be operating your vehicle in an area
where the temperature may fall below freezing,
use a fluid that has sufficient protection against
freezing.
Adding Washer Fluid
Your vehicle has a low washer fluid message in
the DIC that comes on when the washer fluid
is low. The message is displayed for 15 seconds
at the start of each ignition cycle. When the
WASHER FLUID LOW ADD FLUID message is
displayed, you will need to add washer fluid to the
windshield washer fluid reservoir.
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it.
Add washer fluid until
the tank is full. See
Engine Compartment
Overview on page 458
for reservoir location.
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions
for adding water.
• Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to
freeze and damage your washer fluid tank
and other parts of the washer system.
Also, water does not clean as well
as washer fluid.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full when it is very cold.
This allows for expansion if freezing
occurs, which could damage the tank if it
is completely full.
• Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer. It can damage
your washer system and paint.
485
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master
cylinder reservoir is
filled with DOT-3 brake
fluid. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 458 for the
location of the reservoir.
486
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid
level in the reservoir might go down. The first
is that the brake fluid goes down to an acceptable
level during normal brake lining wear. When
new linings are put in, the fluid level goes back
up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out of
the brake system. If it is, you should have your
brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or later your brakes will not work well, or
will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to top off your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you
add fluid when your linings are worn, then you will
have too much fluid when you get new brake
linings. You should add or remove brake fluid, as
necessary, only when work is done on the
brake hydraulic system.
Checking Brake Fluid
{CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can
spill on the engine. The fluid will burn if
the engine is hot enough. You or others
could be burned, and your vehicle could
be damaged. Add brake fluid only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic
system. See “Checking Brake Fluid” in
this section.
You can check the brake fluid without taking off
the cap.
Look at the brake fluid
reservoir. The fluid level
should be above
MIN. If it is not, have
your brake system
checked to see if there
is a leak.
When the brake fluid falls to a low level, the brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System
Warning Light on page 249.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
when to check your brake fluid. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 579.
After work is done on the brake hydraulic system,
make sure the level is above the MIN but not
over the MAX mark.
487
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3
brake fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 590.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the
area around the cap before removing it. This
will help keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
{CAUTION:
With the wrong kind of fluid in the brake
system, the brakes may not work well.
This could cause a crash. Always use the
proper brake fluid.
488
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a
few drops of mineral-based oil, such
as engine oil, in the brake system can
damage brake system parts so badly that
they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can
be damaged. Be careful not to spill brake
fluid on your vehicle. If you do, wash it
off immediately. See Washing Your Vehicle
on page 557.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the
brake pads are worn and new pads are needed.
The sound may come and go or be heard all
the time your vehicle is moving, except when you
are pushing on the brake pedal firmly.
{CAUTION:
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a
brake squeal when the brakes are first applied
or lightly applied. This does not mean something
is wrong with your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated,
inspect brake pads for wear and evenly tighten
wheel nuts in the proper sequence to GM torque
specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as
complete axle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon the brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out
brake pads could result in costly brake repair.
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return
to normal height, or if there is a rapid increase
in pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a brake stop, your disc
brakes adjust for wear.
489
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good
braking. Your vehicle was designed and tested with
top-quality GM brake parts. When you replace parts
of your braking system — for example, when your
brake linings wear down and you need new ones
put in — be sure you get new approved GM
replacement parts. If you do not, your brakes may
no longer work properly. For example, if someone
puts in brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle,
the balance between your front and rear brakes can
change — for the worse. The braking performance
you have come to expect can change in many other
ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Battery
Your vehicle has a maintenance free battery.
When it is time for a new battery, get one that has
the replacement number shown on the original
battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
replacement battery. See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 458 for battery location.
490
Warning: Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash
hands after handling.
Vehicle Storage
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for
25 days or more, remove the black, negative (−)
cable from the battery. This will help keep the
battery from running down.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas that can explode. You can be badly
hurt if you are not careful. See Jump
Starting on page 491 for tips on working
around a battery without getting hurt.
Jump Starting
If your vehicle’s battery (or batteries) has run
down, you may want to use another vehicle and
some jumper cables to start your vehicle. Be sure
to use the following steps to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be
dangerous because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly,
some or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in
costly damage to your vehicle that would
not be covered by your warranty.
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or
pulling it will not work, and it could damage
your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a
12-volt battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a
12-volt system with a negative ground,
both vehicles can be damaged. Only use
vehicles with 12-volt systems with negative
grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper
cables can reach, but be sure the vehicles are
not touching each other. If they are, it could
cause a ground connection you do not
want. You would not be able to start your
vehicle, and the bad grounding could damage
the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling,
set the parking brake firmly on both vehicles
involved in the jump start procedure. Put
the automatic transmission in PARK (P) or a
manual transmission in NEUTRAL before
setting the parking brake. If you have a
four-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure the transfer
case is in a drive gear, not in NEUTRAL.
491
Notice: If you leave your radio or other
accessories on during the jump starting
procedure, they could be damaged. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always
turn off your radio and other accessories when
jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the
cigarette lighter or the accessory power outlets.
Turn off the radio and all the lamps that are not
needed. This will avoid sparks and help save
both batteries. And it could save the radio!
4. Open the hood on the other vehicle and locate
the positive (+) and negative (−) terminal
locations on that vehicle.
Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump
starting terminal and a remote negative (−)
jump starting terminal. You should always use
these remote terminals instead of the
terminals on the battery.
The remote positive (+) terminal, if equipped, is
located under a red plastic cover at the positive
battery post. To uncover the remote positive (+)
terminal, open the red plastic cover.
492
The remote negative (-) terminal is a stud located
on the right front of the engine, where the
negative battery cable attaches.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 458
for more information on the location of the
remote positive (+) and remote negative (-)
terminals.
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you.
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause
battery gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this, and some have been
blinded. Use a flashlight if you need more
light.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You
do not need to add water to the battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a
battery has filler caps, be sure the
CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
right amount of fluid is there. If it is low,
add water to take care of that first. If you
do not, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you. Do not get it on you. If you
accidentally get it in your eyes or on your
skin, flush the place with water and get
medical help immediately.
{CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can
injure you badly. Keep your hands away
from moving parts once the engine is
running.
5. Check that the jumper cables do not have
loose or missing insulation. If they do, you
could get a shock. The vehicles could
be damaged too.
493
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+)
will go to positive (+) or to a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Negative (−) will go to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to a remote negative (−)
terminal if the vehicle has one.
Do not connect positive (+) to negative (−) or
you will get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too. And do
not connect the negative (−) cable to the
negative (−) terminal on the dead battery
because this can cause sparks.
6. Connect the red
positive (+) cable to
the positive (+)
terminal of the
vehicle with the dead
battery. Use a
remote positive (+)
terminal if the vehicle
has one.
494
7. Do not let the other end touch metal. Connect
it to the positive (+) terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black negative (−) cable to
the negative (−) terminal of the good battery.
Use a remote negative (−) terminal if the
vehicle has one.
Do not let the other end touch anything until
the next step. The other end of the
negative (−) cable does not go to the dead
battery. It goes to a heavy, unpainted
metal engine part or to the remote negative (−)
terminal on the vehicle with the dead battery.
9. Connect the other end of the negative (−)
cable to the remote negative (−) terminal,
on the vehicle with the dead battery.
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery
and run the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead
battery. If it will not start after a few tries, it
probably needs service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are connected or
removed in the wrong order, electrical shorting
may occur and damage the vehicle. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always
connect and remove the jumper cables in the
correct order, making sure that the cables do
not touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both
vehicles do the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle that had the bad battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from
the vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
other vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover,
if equipped, to its original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (−) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and
Remote Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
495
Rear Axle
How to Check Lubricant
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check rear axle
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear
an unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a
problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
All axle assemblies are filled by volume of fluid
during production. They are not filled to reach
a certain level. When checking the fluid level on
any axle, variations in the readings can be caused
by factory fill differences between the minimum
and the maximum fluid volume. Also, if a vehicle
has just been driven before checking the fluid
level, it may appear lower than normal because
fluid has traveled out along the axle tubes and has
not drained back to the sump area. Therefore, a
reading taken five minutes after the vehicle
has been driven will appear to have a lower fluid
level than a vehicle that has been stationary
for an hour or two. Remember that the rear axle
assembly must be supported to get a true reading.
496
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
• For 4.8L and 5.3L engines, the proper level is
from 0.04 inch to 0.75 inch (1.0 mm to
19.0 mm) below the bottom of the filler plug
hole, located on the rear axle. Add only enough
fluid to reach the proper level.
• For 6.0L engines, the proper level is from
How to Check Lubricant
0.6 inch to 1.6 inches (15 mm to 40 mm) below
the bottom of the filler plug hole, located on the
rear axle. Add only enough fluid to reach the
proper level.
• The proper fill level for the 2500 Series is from
0 to 1/2 inch (0 to 13 mm) below the bottom of
the filler plug hole, located at the front of the
axle. Add only enough fluid to reach the
proper level.
Four-Wheel Drive
Lubricant checks in this section also apply to
these vehicles. There are two additional systems
that need lubrication.
Transfer Case
When to Check Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check transfer case
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak, or you
hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate
a problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
Automatic Transfer Case
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you will need to add some lubricant. Add enough
lubricant to raise the level to the bottom of the filler
plug hole. Use care not to overtighten the plug.
When to Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
how often to change the lubricant. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 579.
497
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 590.
Front Axle
When to Check and Change Lubricant
It is not necessary to regularly check front axle
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak or you hear
an unusual noise. A fluid loss could indicate a
problem. Have it inspected and repaired.
How to Check Lubricant
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be
on a level surface.
A: Fill Plug
B: Drain Plug
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
located on the front axle, you may need to add
some lubricant:
• When the differential is cold, add enough
lubricant to raise the level from 0 (0 mm) to
1/8 inch (3.2 mm) below the filler plug hole.
• When the differential is at operating
temperature (warm), add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler
plug hole.
498
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 590.
Headlamp Aiming
The vehicle has a visual optical headlamp aiming
system. The aim of the headlamps have been
preset at the factory and should need no further
adjustment.
However, if the vehicle is damaged in an accident,
the aim of the headlamps may be affected and
adjustment may be necessary.
If oncoming vehicles flash their high beams at
you, this may mean the vertical aim of your
headlamps needs to be adjusted.
It is recommended that the vehicle is taken to your
dealer/retailer for service if the headlamps need
to be adjusted. It is possible however, to re-aim the
headlamps as described in the following
procedure.
The vehicle should be properly prepared as
follows:
• The vehicle should be placed so the headlamps
are 25 ft. (7.6 m) from a light colored wall.
• The vehicle must have all four tires on a level
surface which is level all the way to the wall.
• The vehicle should be placed so it is
perpendicular to the wall.
• The vehicle should not have any snow, ice, or
mud on it.
• The vehicle should be fully assembled and all
other work stopped while headlamp aiming is
being performed.
• The vehicle should be normally loaded with a
full tank of fuel and one person or 160 lbs
(75 kg) sitting on the driver’s seat.
• Tires should be properly inflated.
• The spare tire is in its proper location in the
vehicle.
Headlamp aiming is done with the vehicle’s
low-beam headlamps. The high-beam headlamps
will be correctly aimed if the low-beam headlamps
are aimed properly.
499
To adjust the vertical aim, do the following:
1. Open the hood. See Hood Release on
page 457 for more information.
4. At the wall or other flat surface, measure from
the ground upward (A) to the recorded
distance from Step 3 and mark it.
5. Draw or tape a horizontal line (B) on the wall
or flat surface the width of the vehicle at the
height of the mark in Step 4.
2. Locate the aim dot on the lens of the
low-beam headlamp.
3. Measure the distance from the ground to the
aim dot on the low-beam headlamp. Record
the distance.
500
Notice: Do not cover a headlamp to improve
beam cut-off when aiming. Covering a
headlamp may cause excessive heat build-up
which may cause damage to the headlamp.
6. Turn on the low-beam headlamps and place a
piece of cardboard or equivalent in front of the
headlamp not being adjusted. This allows
only the beam of light from the headlamp
being adjusted to be seen on the flat surface.
7. Locate the vertical headlamp aiming screws,
which are under the hood near each headlamp
assembly.
The adjustment screw can be turned with a
E8 Torx® socket.
8. Turn the vertical aiming screw until the
headlamp beam is aimed to the horizontal
tape line. Turn it clockwise or
counterclockwise to raise or lower the angle
of the beam.
9. Make sure that the light from the headlamp is
positioned at the bottom edge of the horizontal
tape line. The lamp on the left (A) shows
the correct headlamp aim. The lamp on the
right (B) shows the incorrect headlamp aim.
10. Repeat Steps 7 through 9 for the opposite
headlamp.
501
Bulb Replacement
For the proper type of replacement bulbs, see
Replacement Bulbs on page 504.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas
inside and can burst if you drop or
scratch the bulb. You or others could be
injured. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions on the bulb package.
502
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps
and Back-up Lamps
A. Taillamp/Stoplamp
B. Back-up Lamp
C. Turn Signal
Lamp/Taillamp
To replace one of these bulbs, do the following:
1. Open the liftgate. See Power Liftgate on
page 127 for more information.
2. Remove the two
screws from the
taillamp assembly.
4. Press the release tab, if bulb socket has one,
and turn the bulb socket counterclockwise to
remove it from the taillamp assembly.
5. Pull the old bulb straight out from the bulb
socket.
6. Press a new bulb into the bulb socket and
insert it into the taillamp assembly. Turn the
bulb socket clockwise into the taillamp
assembly until it clicks.
7. Reinstall the taillamp assembly. When
reinstalling, make sure to line up the pins on
the taillamp assembly with the vehicle. If
you do not do this, you will not be able
correctly install the taillamp assembly.
3. Pull the taillamp assembly rearward until you
disengage the inner pins on the taillamp
assembly from the vehicle.
503
License Plate Lamp
3. Turn the bulb socket counterclockwise and
pull the bulb straight out of the socket.
4. Install the new bulb.
5. Reverse Steps 1 through 3 to reinstall the
license plate lamp.
Replacement Bulbs
Exterior Lamp
Back-up Lamp
License Plate Lamp
Rear Turn Signal Lamp, Taillamp,
and Stoplamp
1. Remove the two screws holding each of the
license plate lamps to the molding that is part
of the liftgate.
2. Twist and pull the license plate lamp forward
through the molding opening.
504
Bulb Number
3047
168
3047
For replacement bulbs not listed here, contact
your dealer/retailer.
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected for
wear or cracking. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 579.
Replacement blades come in different types and
are removed in different ways. To replace the
wiper blade assembly, do the following:
1. Pull the windshield wiper arm connector away
from the windshield.
3. Install the new blade onto the arm connector
and make sure the grooved areas are fully set
in the locked position.
For the proper type and size, see Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 592.
2. Squeeze the grooved areas on each side of
the blade, and rotate the blade assembly
away from the arm connector.
505
Backglass Wiper Blade Replacement
1. Lift the wiper blade assembly up and out
of the park rest position.
4. Replace the wiper blade.
5. Return the wiper blade assembly to the park
rest position.
2. Pull the wiper blade assembly away from the
backglass. The backglass wiper blade will not
lock in a vertical position, so care should
be used when pulling it away from the vehicle.
3. Rotate the wiper blade assembly, and pull it
off of the wiper arm. Hold the wiper arm in
position and push the blade away from
the wiper arm.
506
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires
made by a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever
have questions about your tire warranty and where
to obtain service, see your GM Warranty booklet for
details. For additional information refer to the tire
manufacturer’s booklet included with your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Poorly maintained and improperly used
tires are dangerous.
• Overloading your vehicle’s tires can
cause overheating as a result of too
much friction. You could have an
air-out and a serious accident. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
• Underinflated tires pose the same
danger as overloaded tires. The
resulting accident could cause serious
injury. Check all tires frequently to
maintain the recommended pressure.
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
(Continued)
Tire pressure should be checked
when your vehicle’s tires are cold. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 515.
• Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured, or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a
pothole. Keep tires at the
recommended pressure.
• Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If
the tire’s tread is badly worn, or if your
vehicle’s tires have been damaged,
replace them.
20-Inch Tires
If your vehicle has the optional 20-inch
P275/55R20 size tires, they are classified as
touring tires and are designed for on road use. The
low-profile, wide tread design is not recommended
for off-road driving. See Off-Road Driving on
page 372, for additional information.
(Continued)
507
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into the
sidewall. The following illustrations are examples
of a typical P-Metric and a LT-Metric tire sidewall.
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type, and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
(C) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
508
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows
the manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one
side may have the date of manufacture.
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the
tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires
based on three performance factors: treadwear,
traction, and temperature resistance. For more
information, see Uniform Tire Quality Grading on
page 527.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit:
Maximum load that can be carried and the
maximum pressure needed to support that load.
For information on recommended tire pressure see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 515 and
Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination
of letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type, and service description. See the “Tire Size”
illustration later in this section for more detail.
509
(B) TPC Spec (Tire Performance Criteria
Specification): Original equipment tires designed
to GM’s specific tire performance criteria have
a TPC specification code molded onto the sidewall.
GM’s TPC specifications meet or exceed all
federal safety guidelines.
(C) Dual Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load
that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load when used in a dual
configuration. For information on recommended
tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 515 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
(D) DOT (Department of Transportation): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code
indicates that the tire is in compliance with the
U.S. Department of Transportation Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards.
510
(E) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters
and numbers following DOT code are the Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows
the manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and
date the tire was manufactured. The TIN is molded
onto both sides of the tire, although only one
side may have the date of manufacture.
(F) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and
number of plies in the sidewall and under the
tread.
(G) Single Tire Maximum Load: Maximum load
that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load when used as a
single. For information on recommended
tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 515 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
Tire Size
The following examples show the different parts of
a tire size.
(A) Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: The United
States version of a metric tire sizing system. The
letters LT as the first two characters in the tire size
means a light truck tire engineered to standards set
by the U.S. Tire and Rim Association.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates
the tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to
sidewall.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire
(A) Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: The United States
version of a metric tire sizing system. The letter P
as the first character in the tire size means a
passenger vehicle tire engineered to standards set
by the U.S. Tire and Rim Association.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that
indicates the tire height-to-width measurements.
For example, if the tire size aspect ratio is 75, as
shown in item C of the light truck (LT-Metric) tire
illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall is
75 percent as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The
letter R means radial ply construction; the letter D
means diagonal or bias ply construction; and the
letter B means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in
inches.
(F) Service Description: The service description
indicates the load range and speed rating of a tire.
The load index can range from 1 to 279. Speed
ratings range from A to Z.
511
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire
pressing outward on each square inch of the
tire. Air pressure is expressed in pounds
per square inch (psi) or kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined
weight of optional accessories. Some examples of
optional accessories are, automatic transmission,
power steering, power brakes, power windows,
power seats, and air conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height
to its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is
located between the plies and the tread. Cords
may be made from steel or other reinforcing
materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped
by steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies
are laid at alternate angles less than 90 degrees
to the centerline of the tread.
512
Cold Tire Pressure: The amount of air pressure
in a tire, measured in pounds per square inch
(psi) or kilopascals (kPa) before a tire has built up
heat from driving. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 515.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment
including the maximum capacity of fuel, oil, and
coolant, but without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall
of a tire signifying that the tire is in compliance
with the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)
motor vehicle safety standards. The DOT code
includes the Tire Identification Number (TIN),
an alphanumeric designator which can also identify
the tire manufacturer, production plant, brand,
and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the
front axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear
axle. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of
an asymmetrical tire, that must always face
outward when mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
light duty trucks and some multipurpose passenger
vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying
capacity of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated.
The maximum air pressure is molded onto
the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire
at the maximum permissible inflation pressure
for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of
curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity
weight, and production options weight.
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of
occupants a vehicle is designed to seat multiplied
by 150 lbs (68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 407.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating
positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that has a particular side that
faces outward when mounted on a vehicle.
The side of the tire that contains a whitewall, bears
white lettering, or bears manufacturer, brand,
and/or model name molding that is higher
or deeper than the same moldings on the other
sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on
passenger cars and some light duty trucks and
multipurpose vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation
pressure as shown on the tire placard. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 515 and Loading
Your Vehicle on page 407.
513
Radial Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the
ply cords that extend to the beads are laid at
90 degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which
the tire beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread
and the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned
to a tire indicating the maximum speed at
which a tire can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the
road surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into
contact with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called wear bars, that show across the tread of
a tire when only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of tread
remains. See When It Is Time for New Tires on
page 523.
514
UTQGS (Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Standards): A tire information system that
provides consumers with ratings for a tire’s
traction, temperature, and treadwear. Ratings are
determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are
molded into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform
Tire Quality Grading on page 527.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of
designated seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs
(68 kg) plus the rated cargo load. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 407.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory
weight, occupant weight, and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to
a vehicle showing the vehicle’s capacity weight
and the original equipment tire size and
recommended inflation pressure. See “Tire and
Loading Information Label” under Loading
Your Vehicle on page 407.
Inflation - Tire Pressure
Tires need the correct amount of air pressure to
operate effectively.
Notice: Do not let anyone tell you that
under-inflation or over-inflation is all right. It is
not. If your tires do not have enough air
(under-inflation), you can get the following:
• Too much flexing
• Too much heat
• Tire overloading
• Premature or irregular wear
• Poor handling
• Reduced fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (over-inflation),
you can get the following:
• Unusual wear
• Poor handling
• Rough ride
• Needless damage from road hazards
A Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the vehicle’s center pillar (B-pillar), below the
driver’s door lock post (striker). This label lists your
vehicle’s original equipment tires and their
recommended cold tire inflation pressures. The
recommended cold tire inflation pressure, shown on
the label, is the minimum amount of air pressure
needed to support your vehicle’s maximum load
carrying capacity.
For additional information regarding how much
weight your vehicle can carry, and an example of
the tire and loading information label, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 407.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more. Do not
forget to check the spare tire. For additional
information regarding the spare tire, see Spare Tire
on page 552.
515
How to Check
Tire Pressure Monitor System
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You cannot tell if your tires are properly
inflated simply by looking at them. Radial tires may
look properly inflated even when they’re
underinflated. Check the tire’s inflation pressure
when the tires are cold. Cold means your vehicle
has been sitting for at least three hours or driven no
more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) uses
radio and sensor technology to check tire pressure
levels. If your vehicle has this feature, sensors
are mounted on each tire and wheel assembly,
except the spare tire. The TPMS sensors monitor
the air pressure in your vehicle’s tires and
transmit tire pressure readings to a receiver
located in the vehicle.
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem.
Press the tire gage firmly onto the valve to
get a pressure measurement. If the cold tire
inflation pressure matches the recommended
pressure on the Tire and Loading Information
label, no further adjustment is necessary. If the
inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
The TPMS is designed to alert the driver, if a low
tire pressure condition exists. If your vehicle has the
Driver Information Center (DIC), the driver may also
check tire pressure levels using the DIC.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on
the metal stem in the center of the tire valve.
Recheck the tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
516
When a low tire pressure condition is detected,
the TPMS will illuminate the low tire pressure
warning symbol located on the instrument panel
cluster. If your vehicle has the DIC feature, a
message to check the pressure in a specific tire
will also appear on the DIC display. The low
tire pressure warning symbol on the instrument
panel cluster and the CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
warning message on the DIC display will appear at
each ignition cycle until the tires are inflated to
the correct inflation pressure.
For additional information and details about the
DIC operation and displays see DIC Operation and
Displays (With DIC Buttons) on page 261 or DIC
Operation and Displays (Without DIC Buttons)
on page 267 and DIC Warnings and Messages on
page 270.
You may notice, during cooler weather conditions,
that the tire pressure monitor light, located on
the instrument panel cluster, and the CHECK TIRE
PRESSURE message will appear when the
vehicle is first started and then turn off as you
start to drive the vehicle. This could be an early
indicator that the tire pressures are getting low and
need to be inflated to the proper pressure.
Each tire, including the spare (if provided), should
be checked monthly when cold and inflated to
the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle
manufacturer on the vehicle placard or tire
inflation pressure label. (If your vehicle has tires of
a different size than the size indicated on the
vehicle placard or tire inflation pressure label, you
should determine the proper tire inflation
pressure for those tires.)
As an added safety
feature, your vehicle has
been equipped with a
tire pressure monitoring
system (TPMS) that
illuminates a low tire
pressure telltale when
one or more of your tires
is significantly
under-inflated.
Accordingly, when the low tire pressure telltale
illuminates, you should stop and check your tires
as soon as possible, and inflate them to the
proper pressure. Driving on a significantly
under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and
can lead to tire failure. Under-inflation also
reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may
affect the vehicle’s handling and stopping ability.
Please note that the TPMS is not a substitute for
proper tire maintenance, and it is the driver’s
responsibility to maintain correct tire pressure, even
if under-inflation has not reached the level to trigger
illumination of the TPMS low tire pressure telltale.
517
Your vehicle has also been equipped with a TPMS
malfunction indicator to indicate when the
system is not operating properly. The TPMS
malfunction indicator is combined with the low tire
pressure telltale. When the system detects a
malfunction, the telltale will flash for approximately
one minute and then remain continuously
illuminated. This sequence will continue upon
subsequent vehicle start-ups as long as the
malfunction exists.
When the malfunction indicator is illuminated, the
system may not be able to detect or signal low
tire pressure as intended. TPMS malfunctions may
occur for a variety of reasons, including the
installation of replacement or alternate tires or
wheels on the vehicle that prevent the TPMS from
functioning properly. Always check the TPMS
malfunction telltale after replacing one or more
tires or wheels on your vehicle to ensure that the
replacement or alternate tires and wheels allow
the TPMS to continue to function properly.
518
The CHECK TIRE PRESSURE warning message
and low tire pressure light (telltale) will come
on each time the vehicle is started until the tires
are inflated to the correct inflation pressure.
The Tire and Loading Information label (tire
information placard) shows the size of your
vehicle’s original tires and the correct inflation
pressure for your vehicle’s tires when they
are cold. See Inflation - Tire Pressure on
page 515. For the location of the tire and loading
information label, see Loading Your Vehicle
on page 407.
Your vehicle’s TPMS can alert you about a low
tire pressure condition but it does not replace
normal tire maintenance. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 521 and Tires on page 507.
Notice: Do not use a tire sealant if your
vehicle has Tire Pressure Monitors. The liquid
sealant can damage the tire pressure monitor
sensors.
Resetting the TPMS Identification Codes
Each TPMS sensor has a unique identification
code. Any time you rotate your vehicle’s tires or
replace one or more of the TPMS sensors,
the identification codes will need to be matched to
the new tire/wheel position. The sensors are
matched to the tire/wheel positions in the following
order: driver’s side front tire, passengers side
front tire, passengers side rear tire, and driver’s
side rear tire using a TPMS diagnostic tool.
See your GM dealer for service.
The TPMS sensors may also be matched to each
tire/wheel position by increasing or decreasing
the tire’s air pressure. If increasing the tire’s
air pressure, do not exceed the maximum inflation
pressure indicated on the tire’s sidewall.
You will have two minutes to match the first
tire/wheel position, and five minutes overall to
match all four tire/wheel positions. If it takes longer
than two minutes, to match the first tire and
wheel, or more than five minutes to match all four
tire and wheel positions the matching process
stops and you will need to start over.
The TPMS sensor matching process is outlined
below:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the ignition switch to RUN with the
engine off.
3. Using the DIC, press the vehicle information
button until the RELEARN TIRE POSITIONS
message displays. If your vehicle does not
have the DIC buttons, press the trip odometer
reset stem located on the instrument panel
cluster until the RELEARN TIRE POSITIONS
message displays.
4. If your vehicle has the DIC buttons, press the
set/reset button. The horn will sound twice to
indicate the TPMS receiver is ready, and
the TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE message will
display. If your vehicle does not have the DIC
buttons, press and hold the trip odometer
reset stem until the horn chirps twice and the
TIRE LEARNING ACTIVE message is
displayed.
519
5. Start with the driver’s side front tire.
6. Remove the valve cap from the valve cap
stem. Activate the TPMS sensor by
increasing or decreasing the tire’s air pressure
for five seconds, or until a horn chirp
sounds. The horn chirp, which make take up
to 30 seconds to sound, confirms that the
sensor identification code has been matched
to this tire and wheel position. To decrease
air-pressure out of a tire you can use the
pointed end of the valve cap, a pencil-style air
pressure gage, or a key.
9. Proceed to the driver’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
10. After hearing the confirming horn chirp for the
driver’s side rear tire, the horn chirp will sound
two more times to signal the tire learning
mode is no longer active. Turn the ignition
switch to LOCK.
11. Set all four tires to the recommended air
pressure level as indicated on the Tire
and Loading Information label.
7. Proceed to the passenger’s side front tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
8. Proceed to the passenger’s side rear tire, and
repeat the procedure in Step 6.
The spare tire does not have a TPMS sensor.
If you replace one of the road tires with the spare,
the SERVICE TIRE MONITOR message will be
displayed on the DIC screen. This message should
go off once you re-install the road tire containing
the TPMS sensor.
520
12. Put the valve caps back on the valve stems
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) and Industry and Science
Canada
Tire Inspection and Rotation
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies with
Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful
interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your
tires as soon as possible and check wheel
alignment. Also check for damaged tires or wheels.
See When It Is Time for New Tires on page 523
and Wheel Replacement on page 528 for
more information.
The Tire Pressure Monitor System (TPMS)
operates on a radio frequency and complies with
RSS-210 of Industry and Science Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference.
2. This device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation of the device.
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Make sure the spare tire is stored securely. Push,
pull, and then try to rotate or turn the tire. If it
moves, use the ratchet/wheel wrench to tighten the
cable. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 532.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The
first rotation is the most important. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 579.
Changes or modifications to this system by other
than an authorized service facility could void
authorization to use this equipment.
521
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly
tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” under
Capacities and Specifications on page 572.
{CAUTION:
When rotating your vehicle’s tires, always use the
correct rotation pattern shown here.
Do not include the spare tire in the tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the
front and rear inflation pressures as shown on the
tire and loading information label. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 407 and Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 515, for more information.
Vehicles that have the Tire Pressure Monitor
System (TPMS) will need to have the TPMS
sensors reset after a tire rotation. See “TPMS
Sensor Identification Codes” under Tire Pressure
Monitor System on page 516.
522
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When
you change a wheel, remove any rust or
dirt from places where the wheel attaches
to the vehicle. In an emergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this;
but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush
later, if needed, to get all the rust or dirt
off. See Changing a Flat Tire on page 532.
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it
is time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining. Some
commercial truck tires
may not have treadwear
indicators.
You need a new tire if any of the following
statements are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more
places around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through
the tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or
snagged deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge, or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage
that cannot be repaired well because of the
size or location of the damage.
523
Buying New Tires
GM has developed and matched specific tires for
your vehicle. The original equipment tires
installed on your vehicle, when it was new, were
designed to meet General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria Specification (TPC spec)
system rating. If you need replacement tires, GM
strongly recommends that you get tires with
the same TPC Spec rating. This way, your vehicle
will continue to have tires that are designed to
give the same performance and vehicle safety,
during normal use, as the original tires.
GM’s exclusive TPC Spec system considers over
a dozen critical specifications that impact the
overall performance of your vehicle, including
brake system performance, ride and handling,
traction control, and tire pressure monitoring
performance. GM’s TPC Spec number is molded
onto the tire’s sidewall by the tire manufacturer.
If the tires have an all-season tread design,
the TPC spec number will be followed by an MS
for mud and snow. See Tire Sidewall Labeling
on page 508 for additional information.
524
{CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose
control while driving. If you mix tires of
different sizes, brands, or types (radial
and bias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a
crash. Using tires of different sizes,
brands or types may also cause damage
to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size, brand, and type tires on all wheels.
Your vehicle may have a different size
spare than the road tires (those originally
installed on your vehicle). When new, your
vehicle included a spare tire and wheel
assembly with a similar overall diameter
as your vehicle’s road tires and wheels,
so it is all right to drive on it. Because
this spare was developed for use on your
vehicle, it will not affect vehicle handling.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle,
the wheel rim flanges could develop
cracks after many miles of driving. A tire
and/or wheel could fail suddenly, causing
a crash. Use only radial-ply tires with the
wheels on your vehicle.
If you must replace your vehicle’s tires with those
that do not have a TPC Spec number, make
sure they are the same size, load range, speed
rating, and construction type (radial and
bias-belted tires) as your vehicle’s original tires.
Vehicles that have a tire pressure monitoring
system may give an inaccurate low-pressure
warning if non-TPC spec rated tires are installed
on your vehicle. Non-TPC Spec rated tires
may give a low-pressure warning that is higher or
lower than the proper warning level you would
get with TPC Spec rated tires. See Tire Pressure
Monitor System on page 516.
Your vehicle’s original equipment tires are listed
on the Tire and Loading Information Label.
This label is attached to the vehicle’s center pillar
(B-pillar). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 407,
for more information about the Tire and Loading
Information Label and its location on your vehicle.
525
Different Size Tires and Wheels
If you add wheels or tires that are a different size
than your original equipment wheels and tires,
this may affect the way your vehicle performs,
including its braking, ride and handling
characteristics, stability, and resistance to rollover.
Additionally, if your vehicle has electronic
systems such as, anti-lock brakes, traction control,
and electronic stability control, the performance
of these systems can be affected.
{CAUTION:
If you add different sized wheels, your
vehicle may not provide an acceptable
level of performance and safety if tires not
recommended for those wheels are
selected. You may increase the chance
that you will crash and suffer serious
injury. Only use GM specific wheel and
tire systems developed for your vehicle,
and have them properly installed by a GM
certified technician.
See Buying New Tires on page 524 and
Accessories and Modifications on page 444 for
additional information.
526
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on
the tire sidewall between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating
based on the wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire
graded 150 would wear one and a half (1.5) times
as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from
the norm due to variations in driving habits, service
practices, and differences in road characteristics
and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), which
grades tires by treadwear, traction, and
temperature performance. This applies only to
vehicles sold in the United States. The grades are
molded on the sidewalls of most passenger car
tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG)
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver, or temporary use
spare tires, tires with nominal rim diameters of
10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm), or to some
limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors
passenger cars and light trucks may vary with
respect to these grades, they must also conform
to federal safety requirements and additional
General Motors Tire Performance Criteria (TPC)
standards.
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are
AA, A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s
ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified
government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire
is based on straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
527
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B,
and C, representing the tire’s resistance to
the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate
heat when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under
the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels
of performance on the laboratory test wheel
than the minimum required by law.
The tires and wheels on your vehicle were aligned
and balanced carefully at the factory to give you
the longest tire life and best overall performance.
Adjustments to wheel alignment and tire
balancing will not be necessary on a regular basis.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your
vehicle pulling to one side or the other, the
alignment may need to be checked. If you notice
your vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth
road, your tires and wheels may need to be
rebalanced. See your dealer/retailer for proper
diagnosis.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly
rusted or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming
loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel
nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air,
replace it (except some aluminum wheels,
which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer/retailer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer/retailer will know the kind of wheel
you need.
528
Each new wheel should have the same
load-carrying capacity, diameter, width, offset and
be mounted the same way as the one it
replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel
bolts, or wheel nuts, replace them only with
new GM original equipment parts. This way, you
will be sure to have the right wheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels,
wheel bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle
can be dangerous. It could affect the
braking and handling of your vehicle,
make your tires lose air and make you
lose control. You could have a collision in
which you or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause
problems with bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer or odometer calibration,
headlamp aim, bumper height, vehicle ground
clearance, and tire or tire chain clearance
to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 532 for more
information.
Used Replacement Wheels
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You cannot know how it has
been used or how far it has been driven. It
could fail suddenly and cause a crash. If
you have to replace a wheel, use a new
GM original equipment wheel.
529
Tire Chains
CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If your vehicle has P265/65R18 or
P275/55R20 size tires, do not use tire
chains. They can damage your vehicle
because there is not enough clearance.
Tire chains used on a vehicle without the
proper amount of clearance can cause
damage to the brakes, suspension, or
other vehicle parts. The area damaged by
the tire chains could cause you to lose
control of your vehicle and you or others
may be injured in a crash.
Use another type of traction device only if
its manufacturer recommends it for use
on your vehicle and tire size combination
and road conditions. Follow that
manufacturer’s instructions.
CAUTION:
530
(Continued)
(Continued)
To help avoid damage to your vehicle,
drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it is contacting your vehicle, and
do not spin your vehicle’s wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit,
install them on the rear tires.
Notice: If your vehicle has P265/70R17 size
tires, use tire chains only where legal and only
when you must. Use chains that are the proper
size for your vehicle’s tires. Install them on the
rear tires only.
Do not use chains on the front tires.
Tighten them as tightly as possible with the
ends securely fastened. Drive slowly and follow
the chain manufacturer’s instructions. If you
can hear the chains contacting your vehicle,
stop and retighten them. If the contact
continues, slow down until it stops. Driving
too fast or spinning the wheels with chains on
will damage your vehicle.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It is unusual for a tire to blowout while you are
driving, especially if you maintain your vehicle’s
tires properly. If air goes out of a tire, it is
much more likely to leak out slowly. But if you
should ever have a blowout, here are a few tips
about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag
that pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your
foot off the accelerator pedal and grip the
steering wheel firmly. Steer to maintain lane
position, and then gently brake to a stop well out
of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much
like a skid and may require the same correction
you would use in a skid. In any rear blowout
remove your foot from the accelerator pedal. Get
the vehicle under control by steering the way
you want the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy
and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently brake
to a stop, well off the road if possible.
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous
without the appropriate safety equipment
and training. The jack provided with your
vehicle is designed only for changing a
flat tire. If it is used for anything else, you
or others could be badly injured or killed
if the vehicle slips off the jack. Use the
jack provided with your vehicle only for
changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use the
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
531
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel
damage by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on
your hazard warning flashers. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 204 for more
information.
{CAUTION:
Changing a tire can be dangerous. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over
or fall on you or other people. You and
they could be badly injured or even killed.
Find a level place to change your tire. To
help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
CAUTION:
532
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
3. If you have a four-wheel-drive vehicle,
be sure the transfer case is in a drive
gear— not in NEUTRAL.
4. Turn off the engine and do not restart
while the vehicle is raised.
5. Do not allow passengers to remain in
the vehicle.
6. Put the wheel blocks at the front and
rear of the tire farthest away from the
one being changed. That would be
the tire on the other side, at the
opposite end of the vehicle.
When your vehicle has a flat tire, use the following
example as a guide to assist you in the placement
of wheel blocks.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you will need to change a flat
tire is stored under the storage tray, which
is located on the driver’s side trim panel (over the
rear wheelhouse).
The following information will tell you how to use
the jack and change a tire.
Regular Wheelbase shown, Extended Wheelbase
similar.
1. Remove the tray to access the tools by pulling
up on the finger depression under the jack
symbol.
533
2. Remove the wing nut (B) used to retain the
tool bag by turning it counterclockwise.
3. Turn the knob (A) on the jack
counterclockwise to release the jack and
wheel blocks from the bracket.
4. Remove the wheel blocks and the wheel
block retainer by turning the wing nut (C)
counterclockwise.
534
The
A.
B.
C.
tools you will be using include the following:
Jack
D. Jack Handle
Wheel Blocks
Extensions
Jack Handle
E. Wheel Wrench
To access the spare tire, refer to the following
graphics and instructions:
1. Open the hoist shaft access door (C) on the
bumper to access the spare tire lock (K).
2. Insert the ignition key, turn it clockwise and
then pull it to remove the spare tire lock.
3. Assemble the two jack handle extensions (D)
and wheel wrench (E) as shown.
A. Hoist Assembly
B. Hoist Shaft
C. Hoist Shaft
Access
Cover/Hole
D. Jack Handle
Extensions
E. Wheel Wrench
F. Hoist Cable
G. Tire Retainer
H. Spare Tire
(Valve Stem
Pointed Down)
I. Hoist Shaft
Access Hole
J. Hoist End of
Extension Tool
K. Spare Tire Lock
535
4. Insert the open end
of the extension (J)
through the hole
in the rear
bumper (I) (hoist
shaft access hole).
Be sure the hoist end (J) of the extension (D)
connects to the hoist shaft (B). The ribbed
square end of the extension is used to lower
the spare tire.
5. Turn the wheel wrench (E) counterclockwise
to lower the spare tire (H) to the ground.
Continue to turn the wheel wrench until the
spare tire can be pulled out from under
the vehicle.
If the spare tire does not lower to the ground,
the secondary latch is engaged causing
the tire not to lower. See Secondary Latch
System on page 543 for more information.
536
6. Use the wheel
wrench hook that
allows you to
pull the hoist cable
towards you, to
assist in reaching
the spare tire.
7. Tilt the tire
retainer (G) at the
end of the cable
when the tire
has been lowered,
so it can be
pulled up through
the wheel opening.
8. Put the spare tire near the flat tire.
Removing the Flat Tire and
Installing the Spare Tire
Use the following pictures and instructions to
remove the flat tire and raise the vehicle.
1. Remove the center cap, if your vehicle has
one, by placing the chisel end of the wheel
wrench in the slot on the wheel and gently pry
the cap out.
If the wheel has bolt-on wheel covers, loosen
the plastic nut caps by turning the wheel
wrench counterclockwise. If needed, finish
loosening them by hand. The nut caps will not
come off. Using the flat end of the wheel
wrench, pry along the edge of the cover until
it comes off.
2. Use the wheel wrench to loosen all the wheel
nuts. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise
to loosen the wheel nuts. Do not remove
the wheel nuts yet.
537
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked
up is dangerous. If the vehicle slips off
the jack you could be badly injured or
killed. Never get under a vehicle when it is
supported only by a jack.
{CAUTION:
Jacking Locations (Overall View)
A. Front Position
B. Rear Position
Raising your vehicle with the jack
improperly positioned can damage the
vehicle and even make the vehicle fall. To
help avoid personal injury and vehicle
damage, be sure to fit the jack lift head
into the proper location before raising the
vehicle.
3. Position the jack under the vehicle as shown.
538
Turn the wheel wrench clockwise to raise the
vehicle. Raise the vehicle far enough off the
ground so there is enough room for the spare
tire to clear the ground.
Front Position
Front Tire Flat: If the flat tire is on a front tire
of the vehicle, you will need to use the jack
handle and only one jack handle extension.
Attach the wheel wrench to the jack handle
extension. Attach the jack handle to the
jack (A). Position the jack on the frame behind
the flat tire where the frame sections overlap.
Rear Position – 1500 Models
539
Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground so
there is enough room for the spare tire to clear
the ground.
4. Remove all of the
wheel nuts.
Rear Position – All Other Models
Rear Tire Flat: If the flat tire is on a rear
tire of the vehicle, you will need to use
the jack handle (B) and both jack handle
extensions (C). Attach the wheel wrench (D) to
the jack handle extensions (C). Attach the jack
handle (B) to the jack (A). Use the jacking pad
provided on the rear axle. Turn the wheel
wrench (D) clockwise to raise the vehicle.
540
5. Take off the flat tire.
6. Remove any rust or
dirt from the wheel
bolts, mounting
surfaces and spare
wheel.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts
to which it is fastened, can make the
wheel nuts become loose after time. The
wheel could come off and cause an
accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to the vehicle. In
an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if needed, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could fall off, causing a
serious accident.
7. Put the wheel nuts back on with the rounded
end of the nuts toward the wheel after
mounting the spare tire.
541
8. Tighten each wheel nut by hand. Then use
the wheel wrench to tighten the nuts until the
wheel is held against the hub.
9. Turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
lower the vehicle. Lower the jack completely.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can
lead to brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid expensive brake repairs, evenly
tighten the wheel nuts in the proper sequence
and to the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 572 for
the wheel nut torque specification.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened wheel nuts can cause the wheel
to come loose and even come off. This
could lead to an accident. Be sure to use
the correct wheel nuts. If you have to
replace them, be sure to get new GM
original equipment wheel nuts. Stop
somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to
the proper torque specification. See
Capacities and Specifications on page 572
for wheel nut torque specification.
542
10. Tighten the nuts firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown by turning the wheel
wrench clockwise.
When you reinstall the regular wheel and tire, you
must also reinstall the either the center cap, or
bolt-on hub cap, depending on what your vehicle
has. For center caps, place the cap on the
wheel and tap it into place until it seats flush with
the wheel. The cap only goes on one way. Be
sure to line up the tab on the center cap with the
indentation on the wheel. For bolt-on hub caps,
align the plastic nut caps with the wheel nuts and
then tighten by hand. Then use the wheel
wrench to tighten.
Secondary Latch System
Your vehicle has an underbody-mounted tire hoist
assembly which has a secondary latch system.
It is designed to stop the spare tire from suddenly
falling off your vehicle. For the secondary latch
to work, the spare tire must be installed with
the valve stem pointing down. See Storing a Flat
or Spare Tire and Tools on page 547.
{CAUTION:
Before beginning this procedure read all
the instructions. Failure to read and follow
the instructions could damage the hoist
assembly and you and others could get
hurt. Read and follow the instructions
listed next.
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch,
do the following:
1. Check under the
vehicle to see if the
cable end is
visible. If the cable
is not visible,
proceed to Step 6.
543
2. If it is visible, first try to tighten the cable by
turning the wheel wrench clockwise until you
hear two clicks or feel it skip twice. You
cannot overtighten the cable.
3. Loosen the cable by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise three or four turns.
4. Repeat this procedure at least two times. If
the spare tire lowers to the ground, continue
with Step 5 of Removing the Spare Tire
and Tools on page 533.
5. If the spare tire does not lower, turn the wheel
wrench counterclockwise until approximately
6 inches (15 cm) of cable is exposed.
6. Stand the wheel blocks on their shortest ends,
with the backs facing each other.
544
7. Place the bottom
edge of the jack (A)
on the wheel
blocks (B),
separating them so
that the jack is
balanced securely.
8. Attach the jack handle, extension, and wheel
wrench to the jack and place it (with the
wheel blocks) under the vehicle toward the
front of the rear bumper.
9. Position the center lift point of the jack under
the center of the spare tire.
10. Turn the wheel wrench clockwise to raise the
jack until it lifts the end fitting.
545
11. Continue raising the jack until the spare tire
stops moving upward and is held firmly in
place so that the secondary latch has released
and the spare tire is balancing on the jack.
12. Lower the jack by turning the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack
until the spare tire slides off the jack or
is hanging by the cable.
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack. If
the spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind
you or on either side of you as you pull
the jack out from under the spare.
546
13. Disconnect the jack handle from the jack and
carefully remove the jack with the other hand.
14. Use one hand to push against the spare while
firmly pulling the jack out from under the
spare tire with the other hand. If the spare tire
is hanging from the cable, insert the hoist
end of the extension, and wheel wrench into
the hoist shaft hole in the bumper and
turn the wheel wrench counterclockwise to
lower the spare tire the rest of the way.
15. Tilt the tire retainer
at the end of the
cable and pull
it through the wheel
opening. Pull the
tire out from
under the vehicle.
16. Turn the wheel wrench in the hoist shaft hole
in the bumper clockwise to raise the cable
back up if the cable is hanging under
the vehicle.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as
you can. You will not be able to store a spare or
flat tire using the hoist assembly until it has
been replaced.
To continue changing the flat tire, see Removing
the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire on
page 537.
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and
Tools
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment
in the passenger compartment of the
vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden
stop or collision, loose equipment could
strike someone. Store all these in the
proper place.
Notice: Storing an aluminum wheel with a flat
tire under your vehicle for an extended
period of time or with the valve stem pointing
up may damage the wheel. Always stow
the wheel with the valve stem pointing down
and have the wheel/tire repaired as soon
as possible.
547
Store the tire under the rear of the vehicle in the
spare tire carrier. Refer to the following graphics
and instructions to help you:
H. Spare Tire/Flat
Tire (Valve Stem
Pointed Down)
I. Hoist Shaft
Access Hole
J. Hoist End of
Extension Tool
K. Spare Tire Lock
1. Put the tire (H) on the ground at the rear of
the vehicle with the valve stem pointed
down, and to the rear.
A. Hoist Assembly
B. Hoist Shaft
C. Hoist Shaft
Access
Cover/Hole
548
D. Jack Handle
Extensions
E. Wheel Wrench
F. Hoist Cable
G. Tire Retainer
2. Tilt the retainer
downward and
through the wheel
opening. Make
sure the retainer is
fully seated
across the underside
of the wheel.
4. Insert the open end
of the extension (J)
through the hole
in the rear
bumper (I) (hoist
shaft access hole).
5. Raise the tire part way upward. Make sure the
retainer is seated in the wheel opening.
6. Raise the tire fully against the underside of
the vehicle by turning the wheel wrench
clockwise until you hear two clicks or feel it
skip twice. You cannot overtighten the cable.
3. Assemble the two jack handle extensions (D)
and wheel wrench (E) as shown.
549
To store the tools, do the following.
7. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push,
pull (A), and then try to turn (B) the tire. If the
tire moves, use the wheel wrench to tighten
the cable.
8. Reinstall the spare tire lock.
9. Reinstall the hoist shaft access cover.
550
A. Wheel Blocks
E. Jack
B. Tool Bag with
F. Wing Nut
Jack Tools
Retaining Wheel
C. Retaining
Blocks
Bracket
G. Wing Nut
D. Wing Nut
on Jack
Retaining
Tool Bag
1. Return the tools (wheel wrench, jack handle,
and jack handle extensions) to the tool bag (B).
2. Assemble wheel blocks (A) and jack (E)
together with the wing nut (F).
3. Position the jack (E) and wheel blocks (A) in
the driver’s side trim panel over the
wheelhouse.
4. Turn the wing nut (G) clockwise until the jack
is secured tight in the mounting bracket. Be
sure to position the holes in the base of
the jack onto the pin in the mounting bracket.
5. Use the retaining bracket (C) to fasten the tool
bag (B) on the stud and turn the wing nut (D)
clockwise to secure.
6. Return the storage tray to its original stored
position.
551
Spare Tire
Your vehicle, when new, had a fully-inflated spare
tire. A spare tire may lose air over time, so check its
inflation pressure regularly. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 515 and Loading Your Vehicle on
page 407 for information regarding proper tire
inflation and loading your vehicle. For instruction on
how to remove, install or store a spare tire, see
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire
on page 537 and Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and
Tools on page 547.
Notice: If your vehicle has four-wheel drive
and the different size spare tire is installed on
your vehicle, do not drive in four-wheel
drive until you can have your flat tire repaired
and/or replaced. You could damage your
vehicle, and the repair costs would not be
covered by your warranty. Never use
four-wheel drive when the different size spare
tire is installed on your vehicle.
552
Your vehicle may have a different size spare tire
than the road tires originally installed on your
vehicle. This spare tire was developed for use on
your vehicle, so it is all right to drive on it. If
your vehicle has four-wheel drive and the different
size spare tire is installed, keep the vehicle in
two-wheel drive.
After installing the spare tire on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make
sure the spare tire is correctly inflated. Have the
damaged or flat road tire repaired or replaced
as soon as you can and installed back onto your
vehicle. This way, the spare tire will be available
in case you need it again.
Do not mix tires and wheels of different sizes,
because they will not fit. Keep your spare tire and
its wheel together. If your vehicle has a spare
tire that does not match your vehicle’s original road
tires and wheels in size and type, do not include
the spare in the tire rotation.
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Your vehicle’s interior will continue to look its
best if it is cleaned often. Although not always
visible, dust and dirt can accumulate on your
upholstery. Dirt can damage carpet, fabric, leather,
and plastic surfaces. Regular vacuuming is
recommended to remove particles from your
upholstery. It is important to keep your upholstery
from becoming and remaining heavily soiled.
Soils should be removed as quickly as possible.
Your vehicle’s interior may experience extremes of
heat that could cause stains to set rapidly.
Lighter colored interiors may require more frequent
cleaning. Use care because newspapers and
garments that transfer color to your home
furnishings may also transfer color to your
vehicle’s interior.
When cleaning your vehicle’s interior, only use
cleaners specifically designed for the surfaces
being cleaned. Permanent damage may result
from using cleaners on surfaces for which
they were not intended. Use glass cleaner only on
glass. Remove any accidental over-spray from
other surfaces immediately. To prevent over-spray,
apply cleaner directly to the cleaning cloth.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when
cleaning glass surfaces on your vehicle, you
could scratch the glass and/or cause damage
to the rear window defogger. When cleaning
the glass on your vehicle, use only a soft cloth
and glass cleaner.
Many cleaners contain solvents that may become
concentrated in your vehicle’s breathing space.
Before using cleaners, read and adhere to
all safety instructions on the label. While cleaning
your vehicle’s interior, maintain adequate
ventilation by opening your vehicle’s doors and
windows.
Dust may be removed from small buttons and
knobs using a small brush with soft bristles.
553
Your dealer has a product for cleaning your
vehicle’s glass. Should it become necessary, you
can also obtain a product from your dealer to
remove odors from your vehicle’s upholstery.
Do not clean your vehicle using the following
cleaners or techniques:
• Never use a knife or any other sharp object to
remove a soil from any interior surface.
• Never use a stiff brush. It can cause damage
to your vehicle’s interior surfaces.
• Never apply heavy pressure or rub
aggressively with a cleaning cloth. Use of
heavy pressure can damage your interior and
does not improve the effectiveness of soil
removal.
• Use only mild, neutral-pH soaps. Avoid
laundry detergents or dishwashing soaps with
degreasers. Using too much soap will leave
a residue that leaves streaks and attracts dirt.
For liquid cleaners, about 20 drops per
gallon (3.78 L) of water is a good guide.
554
• Do not heavily saturate your upholstery while
cleaning.
• Damage to your vehicle’s interior may result
from the use of many organic solvents such
as naptha, alcohol, etc.
Fabric/Carpet
Use a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush
attachment frequently to remove dust and loose
dirt. A canister vacuum with a beater bar in
the nozzle may only be used on floor carpet and
carpeted floor mats. For soils, always try to remove
them first with plain water or club soda. Before
cleaning, gently remove as much of the soil
as possible using one of the following techniques:
• For liquids: gently blot the remaining soil
with a paper towel. Allow the soil to absorb into
the paper towel until no more can be
removed.
• For solid dry soils: remove as much as
possible and then vacuum.
To clean, use the following instructions:
1. Saturate a lint-free, clean white cloth with
water or club soda.
2. Wring the cloth to remove excess moisture.
3. Start on the outside edge of the soil and gently
rub toward the center. Continue cleaning,
using a clean area of the cloth each time it
becomes soiled.
4. Continue to gently rub the soiled area until the
cleaning cloth remains clean.
5. If the soil is not completely removed, use a
mild soap solution and repeat the cleaning
process that was used with plain water.
If any of the soil remains, a commercial fabric
cleaner or spot lifter may be necessary. When a
commercial upholstery cleaner or spot lifter is to be
used, test a small hidden area for colorfastness
first. If the locally cleaned area gives any
impression that a ring formation may result, clean
the entire surface.
Leather
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a soft cloth dampened with a mild soap
solution can be used. Allow the leather to dry
naturally. Do not use heat to dry. Never use steam
to clean leather. Never use spot lifters or spot
removers on leather. Many commercial leather
cleaners and coatings that are sold to preserve
and protect leather may permanently change
the appearance and feel of your leather and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner. Never use
shoe polish on your leather.
After the cleaning process has been completed, a
paper towel can be used to blot excess moisture
from the fabric or carpet.
555
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces
A soft cloth dampened with water may be used to
remove dust. If a more thorough cleaning is
necessary, a clean soft cloth dampened with a
mild soap solution can be used to gently remove
dust and dirt. Never use spot lifters or removers
on plastic surfaces. Many commercial cleaners and
coatings that are sold to preserve and protect
soft plastic surfaces may permanently change the
appearance and feel of your interior and are
not recommended. Do not use silicone or
wax-based products, or those containing organic
solvents to clean your vehicle’s interior because
they can alter the appearance by increasing
the gloss in a non-uniform manner.
Some commercial products may increase gloss on
your instrument panel. The increase in gloss
may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
556
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you
do, it may severely weaken them. In a
crash, they might not be able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safety belts
only with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
Apply silicone grease with a clean cloth. During
very cold, damp weather frequent application may
be required. See Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 590.
Washing Your Vehicle
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
The paint finish on the vehicle provides beauty,
depth of color, gloss retention, and durability.
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and
a car washing soap to clean exterior lamps
and lenses. Follow instructions under Washing
Your Vehicle on page 557.
The best way to preserve the vehicle’s finish is to
keep it clean by washing it often with lukewarm
or cold water.
Do not wash the vehicle in the direct rays of the
sun. Use a car washing soap. Do not use
strong soaps or chemical detergents. Be sure to
rinse the vehicle well, removing all soap
residue completely. Approved cleaning products
can be obtained from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 561. Do not
use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed
to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry
the finish with a soft, clean chamois or an
all-cotton towel to avoid surface scratches and
water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to
enter the vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your
vehicle by hand may be necessary to remove
residue from the paint finish. You can get approved
cleaning products from your dealer. See Vehicle
Care/Appearance Materials on page 561.
If your vehicle has a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish, the clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to
the colored basecoat. Always use waxes and
polishes that are non-abrasive and made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint
finish may damage it. Use only non-abrasive
waxes and polishes that are made for a
basecoat/clearcoat paint finish on your vehicle.
557
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and
other salts, ice melting agents, road oil and
tar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, etc., can damage your
vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted surfaces.
Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are
marked safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign
matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging,
weather and chemical fallout that can take their toll
over a period of years. You can help to keep
the paint finish looking new by keeping your
vehicle garaged or covered whenever possible.
Protecting Exterior Bright Metal Parts
Bright metal parts should be cleaned regularly to
keep their luster. Washing with water is all
that is usually needed. However, you may use
chrome polish on chrome or stainless steel trim, if
necessary.
Use special care with aluminum trim. To avoid
damaging protective trim, never use auto or
chrome polish, steam or caustic soap to clean
aluminum. A coating of wax, rubbed to high polish,
is recommended for all bright metal parts.
558
Windshield, Backglass, and Wiper
Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the
windshield washer, or if the wiper blade chatters
when running, wax, sap or other material may
be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a
full-strength glass cleaning liquid. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it
with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper
blades and affect their performance. Clean
the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked
in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as
necessary; replace blades that look worn.
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels
and Trim
Your vehicle may have either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Keep the wheels clean using a soft clean cloth
with mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water.
After rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean
towel. A wax may then be applied.
Notice: Chrome wheels and other chrome trim
may be damaged if you do not wash your
vehicle after driving on roads that have been
sprayed with magnesium, calcium or sodium
chloride. These chlorides are used on roads for
conditions such as ice and dust. This damage
would not be covered by your vehicle’s
warranty. Always wash your vehicle’s chrome
with soap and water after exposure.
Notice: If you use strong soaps, chemicals,
abrasive polishes, cleaners, brushes, or
cleaners that contain acid on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels, you could damage the
surface of the wheel(s). The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Use only
GM-approved cleaners on aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the
painted surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong
soaps, chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive
cleaners, cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning
brushes on them because you could damage
the surface. Do not use chrome polish on
aluminum wheels.
Notice: Using chrome polish on aluminum
wheels could damage the wheels. The repairs
would not be covered by your warranty.
Use chrome polish on chrome wheels only.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels,
but avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and
buff off immediately after application.
Notice: If you drive your vehicle through an
automatic car wash that has silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes, you could damage
the aluminum or chrome-plated wheels. The
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Never drive a vehicle equipped with aluminum
or chrome-plated wheels through an
automatic car wash that uses silicone carbide
tire cleaning brushes.
559
Tires
Finish Damage
To clean the tires, use a stiff brush with tire
cleaner.
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in
the finish should be repaired right away. Bare
metal will corrode quickly and may develop into
major repair expense.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the
paint finish and/or tires. When applying a tire
dressing, always wipe off any overspray
from all painted surfaces on your vehicle.
Sheet Metal Damage
If the vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body
repair shop applies anti-corrosion material to parts
repaired or replaced to restore corrosion
protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will
provide the corrosion protection while maintaining
the warranty.
560
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with
touch-up materials available from your dealer.
Larger areas of finish damage can be corrected in
your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are
not removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan,
and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where
mud and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close
areas of the frame should be loosened before being
flushed. Your dealer or an underbody car washing
system can do this for you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can
create a chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and attack painted surfaces on the vehicle.
This damage can take two forms: blotchy,
ring-shaped discolorations, and small, irregular
dark spots etched into the paint surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces
of new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition
within 12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of
purchase, whichever occurs first.
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Chrome Cleaner and
Polish
White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
Swirl Remover Polish
Cleaner Wax
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil,
and asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
and wipe off.
Removes swirl marks, fine
scratches, and other light
surface contamination.
Removes light scratches
and protects finish.
561
Description
Foaming Tire Shine Low
Gloss
Wash Wax Concentrate
Spot Lifter
Odor Eliminator
Usage
Cleans, shines, and
protects in one step. No
wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly removes spots
and stains from carpets,
vinyl, and cloth
upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
Vehicle Identification
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It
appears on a plate in the front corner of the
instrument panel, on the driver side. You can see
it if you look through the windshield from outside
your vehicle. The VIN also appears on the
Certification/Tire and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identification
The eighth character in the VIN is the engine
code. This code helps you identify your vehicle’s
engine, specifications, and replacement parts.
562
Service Parts Identification Label
This label is on the inside of the glove box.
It is very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
The label has the following information:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
• Model designation
• Paint information
• Production options and special equipment
Do not remove this label from the vehicle.
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Do not add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer
first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicle and the damage would not
be covered by your warranty. Some add-on
electrical equipment can keep other
components from working as they should.
Add-on equipment can drain your vehicle’s battery,
even if your vehicle is not operating.
Your vehicle has an airbag system. Before
attempting to add anything electrical to your
vehicle, see Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped
Vehicle on page 106.
563
Windshield Wiper Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an
internal circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor
overheats due to heavy snow, etc., the wiper will
stop until the motor cools. If the overload is
caused by some electrical problem and not snow,
etc., be sure to get it fixed.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected
from short circuits by a combination of fuses,
circuit breakers and fusible thermal links.
This greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by
electrical problems.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers protect the power windows and
other power accessories. If the current load is too
heavy, the circuit breaker opens and then
closes after a cool down period, protecting the
circuit until the problem is fixed or goes away.
564
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If
the band is broken or melted, replace the fuse.
Be sure you replace a bad fuse with a new one of
the identical size and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and do not
have a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has
the same amperage. Just pick some feature
of your vehicle that you can get along without, like
the radio or cigarette lighter, and use its fuse if
it is the correct amperage. Replace it as soon as
you can.
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The instrument panel fuse block access door is
located on the driver’s side edge of the instrument
panel.
Fuses
AUX PWR2
SWC BKLT
DDM
CTSY
LT STOP TRN
DIM
RT STOP TRN
BCM
UNLCK2
LCK2
STOP LAMPS
REAR HVAC
PDM
AUX PWR
Fuses
LT DR
REAR SEAT
Usage
Rear Cargo Area Power Outlets
Steering Wheel Controls Backlight
Driver Door Module
Dome Lamps, Driver’s Side Turn
Signal
Driver’s Side Turn Signal, Stoplamp
Instrument Panel Back Lighting
Passenger’s Side Turn Signal,
Stoplamp
Body Control Module
Power Door Lock 2 (Unlock Feature)
Power Door Lock 2 (Lock Feature)
Stoplamps, Center-High Mounted
Stoplamp
Rear Climate Controls
Passenger Door Module, Universal
Home Remote System
Accessory Power Outlets
Usage
Driver’s Side Power Window Circuit
Breaker
Rear Seats
565
Fuses
IS LPS
UNLCK1
OBS DET
LCK1
REAR WPR
COOLED
SEATS
DSM
Harness
Connector
LT DR
BODY
BODY
Usage
Interior Lamps
Power Door Lock 1 (Unlock Feature)
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist,
Power Liftgate
Power Door Lock 1 (Lock Feature)
Rear Wiper
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The center instrument panel fuse block is
located underneath the instrument panel, to the
left of the steering column.
Top View
Not Used
Driver Seat Module, Remote
Keyless Entry System
Usage
Driver’s Door Harness Connection
Harness Connector
Harness Connector
Harness
Connector
BODY 2
BODY 1
BODY 3
566
Usage
Body Harness Connector 2
Body Harness Connector 1
Body Harness Connector 3
Harness
Connector
HEADLINER 3
HEADLINER 2
HEADLINER 1
BRAKE
CLUTCH
Usage
Underhood Fuse Block
Headliner Harness Connector 3
Headliner Harness Connector 2
Headliner Harness Connector 1
Brake Clutch Harness Connector
Special Equipment Option Upfitter
SEO/UPFITTER Harness Connector
Circuit Breaker
CB1
CB2
CB3
CB4
Usage
Passenger’s Side Power Window
Circuit Breaker
Passenger’s Seat Circuit Breaker
Driver’s Seat Circuit Breaker
Not Used
The underhood fuse block is located in the engine
compartment, on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
Lift the cover for access to the fuse/relay block.
To remove fuses, hold the end of the fuse between
your thumb and index finger and pull straight out.
567
Fuses
1
2
568
Usage
Not Used
Electronic Stability Suspension
Control, Automatic Level Control
Exhaust
Fuses
3
4
5
Usage
Left Trailer Stop/Turn Lamp
Engine Controls
Engine Control Module, Throttle
Control
Fuses
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Usage
Right Trailer Stop/Turn Lamp
Front Washer
Oxygen Sensors
Anti-lock Brakes System 2
Trailer Back-up Lamps
Driver’s Side Low-Beam Headlamp
Engine Control Module (Battery)
Fuel Injectors, Ignition Coils
(Right Side)
Transmission Control Module
(Battery)
Vehicle Back-up Lamps
Passenger’s Side Low-Beam
Headlamp
Air Conditioning Compressor
Fuses
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
Usage
Oxygen Sensors
Transmission Controls (Ignition)
Fuel Pump
Not Used
Rear Washer
Fuel Injectors, Ignition Coils
(Left Side)
Trailer Park Lamps
Driver’s Side Park Lamps
Passenger’s Side Park Lamps
Fog Lamps
Horn
Passenger’s Side High-Beam
Headlamp
569
Fuses
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
Usage
Daytime Running Lamps
Driver’s Side High-Beam Headlamp
Not Used
Sunroof, Emergency Roof Lamp
Key Ignition System, Theft Deterrent
System
Windshield Wiper
SEO B2 Upfitter Usage (Battery)
Electric Adjustable Pedals
Climate Controls (Battery)
Airbag System (Ignition)
Amplifier
Audio System
Four-Wheel Drive
Miscellaneous (Ignition), Rear Vision
Camera, Cruise Control
Fuses
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
570
Usage
Liftgate Release
OnStar®, Rear Seat Entertainment
Display
Instrument Panel Cluster
Not Used
Not Used
Auxiliary Climate Control (Ignition),
Compass-Temperature Mirror
Rear Defogger
Airbag System (Battery)
SEO B1 Upfitter Usage (Battery)
Cigarette Lighter, Auxiliary Power
Outlet
Automatic Level Control Compressor
Relay, SEO Upfitter Usage
Climate Controls (Ignition)
Engine Control Module, Secondary
Fuel Pump (Ignition)
J-Case Fuses
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
Usage
Cooling Fan 1
Automatic Level Control Compressor
Heavy Duty Anti-lock Brake System
Cooling Fan 2
Anti-lock Brake System 1
Starter
Stud 2 (Trailer Brakes)
Left Bussed Electrical Center 1
Electric Running Boards
Heated Windshield Washer System
Four-Wheel Drive System
Stud 1 (Trailer Connector Battery
Power)
Mid-Bussed Electrical Center 1
Climate Control Blower
Power Liftgate Module
Left Bussed Electrical Center 2
Relays
FAN HI
FAN LO
ENG EXH VLV
FAN CNTRL
HDLP LO/HID
FOG LAMP
A/C CMPRSR
STRTR
PWR/TRN
FUEL PMP
PRK LAMP
REAR DEFOG
RUN/CRANK
Usage
Cooling Fan High Speed
Cooling Fan Low Speed
Not Used
Cooling Fan Control
Low-Beam Headlamp
Front Fog Lamps
Air Conditioning Compressor
Starter
Powertrain
Fuel Pump
Parking Lamps
Rear Defogger
Switched Power
571
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 590 for more information.
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant R134a
Cooling System
4.8L V8
5.3L V8
6.0L V8 1500 Series
6.0L V8 2500 Series
Engine Oil with Filter
Fuel Tank
Regular
Extended 1500 Series
Extended 2500 Series
Transmission Fluid
4L70-E Super Duty Transmission and 4L60-E Electronic
Transmission
4L80-E Transmission
572
Capacities
English
Metric
For the air conditioning system refrigerant charge
amount, see the refrigerant caution label located
under the hood. See your dealer for more
information.
17.8 qt
18.3 qt
17.9 qt
17.4 qt
6.0 qt†
16.9 L
17.3 L
16.9 L
16.5 L
5.7 L†
26.0 gal
31.5 gal
39.0 gal
98.4 L
119.2 L
147.6 L
5.0 qt
4.7 L
7.7 qt
7.3 L
Capacities
Application
English
2.0 qt
140 lb ft
Metric
1.9 L
Transfer Case Fluid
Wheel Nut Torque
190 Y
†Oil filter should be changed at every oil change.
After refill, the level must be rechecked. Add enough engine coolant so that the fluid is within the proper operating
range.
Engine Specifications
VIN Code
Transmission
4.8L V8
Engine
C
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
Spark Plug Gap
5.3L V8 Flexible Fuel
with Active Fuel
Management™ (Iron)
0
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
5.3L V8 Flexible Fuel with
Active Fuel Management™
(Aluminum Block)
3
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
5.3L V8 with Active Fuel
Management™
J
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
6.0L V8
K
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
6.0L V8 with Active Fuel
Management™
Y
Automatic
0.040 in (1.01 mm)
573
✍ NOTES
574
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 576
Introduction ............................................... 576
Maintenance Requirements ........................ 576
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 576
Using the Maintenance Schedule ............... 577
Scheduled Maintenance ............................. 579
Additional Required Services ..................... 582
Maintenance Footnotes .............................. 584
Owner Checks and Services ..................... 586
At Each Fuel Fill ....................................... 586
At Least Once a Month ............................. 587
At Least Once a Year ............................... 587
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ........ 590
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ... 592
Engine Drive Belt Routing ......................... 593
Maintenance Record .................................. 594
575
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level
and change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks,
inspections, replacement parts, and
recommended fluids and lubricants as
prescribed in this manual are necessary to
keep your vehicle in good working condition.
Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance might not be covered
by warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The
Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties.
See your Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet
or your dealer for details.
576
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep
your vehicle in good working condition, but also
helps the environment. All recommended
maintenance is important. Improper vehicle
maintenance can even affect the quality of the air
we breathe. Improper fluid levels or the wrong
tire inflation can increase the level of emissions
from your vehicle. To help protect our environment,
and to keep your vehicle in good condition, be
sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using the Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do
not know exactly how you will drive it. You may
drive very short distances only a few times a week.
Or you may drive long distances all the time in
very hot, dusty weather. You may use your vehicle
in making deliveries. Or you may drive it to
work, to do errands, or in many other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may
need more frequent checks and replacements. So
please read the following and note how you
drive. If you have any questions on how to keep
your vehicle in good condition, see your GM
Goodwrench® dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
• carry passengers and cargo within
recommended limits. You will find these limits
on the Tire and Loading Information label.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 407.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within
legal driving limits.
• are driven off-road in the recommended
manner. See Off-Road Driving on page 372.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline
Octane on page 447.
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on
page 579 should be performed when indicated.
See Additional Required Services on page 582 and
Maintenance Footnotes on page 584 for further
information.
577
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a
vehicle can be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can be seriously injured.
Do your own maintenance work only if
you have the required know-how and the
proper tools and equipment for the job. If
you have any doubt, see your GM
Goodwrench® dealer to have a qualified
technician do the work. See Doing Your
Own Service Work on page 445.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should have your
GM Goodwrench® dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench® dealer for
your service needs, you will know that GM-trained
and supported service technicians will perform
the work using genuine GM parts.
578
If you want to purchase service information, see
Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 616.
Owner Checks and Services on page 586 tells you
what should be checked, when to check it, and
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids, and
lubricants to use are listed in Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 590 and Normal
Maintenance Replacement Parts on page 592.
When your vehicle is serviced, make sure these
are used. All parts should be replaced and all
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else
drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
comes on, it means that service is required for
your vehicle. Have your vehicle serviced as soon
as possible within the next 600 miles (1 000
km). It is possible that, if you are driving under the
best conditions, the engine oil life system may
not indicate that vehicle service is necessary for
over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset. Your GM
Goodwrench® dealer has GM-trained service
technicians who will perform this work using
genuine GM parts and reset the system.
If the engine oil life system is ever reset
accidentally, you must service your vehicle within
3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your last service.
Remember to reset the oil life system whenever
the oil is changed. See Engine Oil Life System on
page 462 for information on the Engine Oil Life
System and resetting the system.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message
appears, certain services, checks, and inspections
are required. Required services are described
in the following for “Maintenance I” and
“Maintenance II.” Generally, it is recommended
that your first service be Maintenance I, your
second service be Maintenance II, and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II
thereafter. However, in some cases,
Maintenance II may be required more often.
579
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the
CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes on
within 10 months since the vehicle was purchased
or Maintenance II was performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the
previous service performed was Maintenance I.
Always use Maintenance II whenever the message
comes on 10 months or more since the last
service or if the message has not come on at all
for one year.
Scheduled Maintenance
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Change engine oil and filter. See Engine Oil on page 459. Reset oil life system.
See Engine Oil Life System on page 462. An Emission Control Service.
•
•
Lubricate chassis components. See footnote #.
•
•
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
•
•
Inspect engine air cleaner filter or change indicator (if equipped). If necessary,
replace filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 464. See footnote (l).
•
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tire Inspection and
Rotation on page 521 and “Tire Wear Inspection” in At Least Once a Month on
page 587.
•
•
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
•
•
580
Scheduled Maintenance (cont’d)
Service
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
•
•
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
•
•
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
•
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
•
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
•
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
•
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
•
Check transmission fluid level and add fluid as needed.
•
581
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated
miles (kilometers) shown for each item.
Additional Required Services
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Inspect fuel system for damage or
leaks.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
Vehicles without a filter restriction
indicator: Replace engine air cleaner
filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 464.
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission
fluid and filter (severe service). See
footnote (h).
•
•
•
Change automatic transmission fluid
and filter (normal service).
582
•
Additional Required Services (cont’d)
Service and Miles (Kilometers)
25,000
(40 000)
50,000
(80 000)
75,000
(120 000)
100,000
(160 000)
125,000
(200 000)
150,000
(240 000)
Four-wheel drive: Change transfer case
fluid. See footnote (g).
•
•
•
Inspect evaporative control system.
An Emission Control Service. See
footnotes † and (k).
•
•
•
Replace spark plugs and inspect spark
plug wires. An Emission Control
Service.
•
Engine cooling system service
(or every five years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service. See
footnote (i).
•
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service. See
footnote (m).
•
583
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or
the California Air Resources Board has determined
that the failure to perform this maintenance item
will not nullify the emission warranty or limit
recall liability prior to the completion of the
vehicle’s useful life. We, however, urge that all
recommended maintenance services be performed
at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
# Lubricate the front suspension, steering linkage,
transmission shift linkage, and parking brake
cable guides. Control arm ball joints on 2500
series vehicles require lubrication but should not
be lubricated unless their temperature is 10°F
(−12°C) or higher, or they could be damaged.
Control arm ball joints on 1500 series vehicles are
maintenance-free.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for
proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for
surface condition. Inspect other brake parts,
including calipers, parking brake, etc.
584
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose, or missing
parts, signs of wear, or lack of lubrication. Inspect
power steering lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Visually check constant velocity joints, rubber
boots, and axle seals for leaks.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced
if they are cracked, swollen, or deteriorated.
Inspect all pipes, fittings, and clamps; replace with
genuine GM parts as needed. To help ensure
proper operation, a pressure test of the cooling
system and pressure cap and cleaning the outside
of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or
cracking. Replace wiper blades that appear worn
or damaged or that streak or miss areas of
the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all
your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors, and
anchorages are working properly. Look for
any other loose or damaged safety belt system
parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety
belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.
Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced. Also
look for any opened or broken airbag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced. The
airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch
assembly, secondary latch, pivots, spring anchor,
release pawl, rear compartment hinges, outer
liftgate handle pivot points, rear door detent link,
roller mechanism, liftgate handle pivot points, latch
bolt, fuel door hinge, cargo door hinge, locks,
and folding seat hardware. More frequent
lubrication may be required when exposed to a
corrosive environment. Applying silicone grease on
weatherstrips with a clean cloth will make them
last longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak.
(g) Check vent hose at transfer case for kinks and
proper installation.
(h) Change automatic transmission fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or
higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police, or delivery
service.
(i) Drain, flush, and refill cooling system. This
service can be complex; you should have
your dealer perform this service. See Engine
Coolant on page 470 for what to use. Inspect
hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap,
and filler neck. Pressure test the cooling
system and pressure cap.
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate
a problem. Have the system inspected and
repaired and the fluid level checked. Add fluid if
needed.
585
(k) Inspect system. Check all fuel and vapor lines
and hoses for proper hook-up, routing, and
condition. Check that the purge valve works
properly, if equipped. Replace as needed.
At Each Fuel Fill
(l) If you drive regularly under dusty conditions,
inspect the filter at each engine oil change.
Engine Oil Level Check
(m) Visually inspect belt for fraying, excessive
cracks, or obvious damage. Replace belt if
necessary.
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be
performed at the intervals specified to help ensure
the safety, dependability, and emission control
performance of your vehicle. Your GM
Goodwrench® dealer can assist you with these
checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at
once. Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added
to your vehicle, make sure they are the proper
ones, as shown in Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants on page 590.
586
It is important to perform these underhood checks
at each fuel fill.
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 459 for
further details.
Notice: It is important to check the engine oil
regularly and keep it at the proper level.
Failure to keep the engine oil at the proper
level can cause damage to the engine not
covered by your warranty.
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COO® coolant mixture if necessary. See
Engine Coolant on page 470 for further details.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in
the windshield washer fluid reservoir and add the
proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
At Least Once a Year
Tire Inflation Check
Starter Switch Check
Visually inspect your vehicle’s tires and make sure
they are inflated to the correct pressures. Do not
forget to check the spare tire. See Inflation - Tire
Pressure on page 515. Check to make sure the
spare tire is stored securely. See Changing a Flat
Tire on page 532.
Tire Wear Inspection
Tire rotation may be required for high mileage
highway drivers prior to the Engine Oil Life System
service notification. Check the tires for wear
and, if necessary, rotate the tires. See Tire
Inspection and Rotation on page 521.
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the
vehicle moves, you or others could be
injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the
regular brake. See Parking Brake on
page 156.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if
it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The
vehicle should start only in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N). If the vehicle starts in any
other position, contact your GM Goodwrench®
dealer for service.
587
Automatic Transmission Shift Lock
Control System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the
vehicle moves, you or others could be
injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough
room around the vehicle. It should be parked
on a level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking
Brake on page 156.
Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
588
3. With the engine off, turn the ignition to RUN,
but do not start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift
lever out of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the
shift lever moves out of PARK (P), contact
your GM Goodwrench® dealer for service.
Ignition Transmission Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try
to turn the ignition to LOCK in each shift lever
position.
• The ignition should turn to LOCK only when
the shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The ignition key should come out only in LOCK.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic
Transmission Park (P) Mechanism Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, your
vehicle could begin to move. You or
others could be injured and property
could be damaged. Make sure there is
room in front of your vehicle in case it
begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle
begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular
brake, set the parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability:
With the engine running and transmission in
NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot pressure
from the regular brake pedal. Do this until the
vehicle is held by the parking brake only.
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to
PARK (P). Then release the parking brake
followed by the regular brake.
Contact your GM Goodwrench® dealer if service is
required.
Hood and Liftgate Support Gas Strut
Service
Visually inspect gas strut for signs of wear,
corrosion, cracks, loss of lubricant, or other
damage. Check the hold open ability of gas strut.
If necessary, replace with genuine GM parts.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take
care to clean thoroughly any areas where mud and
other debris can collect.
589
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number, or specification can be obtained from
your dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
Engine Oil
starburst symbol. GM Goodwrench®
oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on page 459.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
water and use only DEX-COOL®
Engine Coolant Coolant.
See Engine Coolant on
page 470.
Hydraulic Brake Delco® Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
590
Usage
Windshield
Washer
Fluid/Lubricant
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Power Steering GM Power Steering Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184, in
System
Canada 89021186).
Automatic
DEXRON®-VI Automatic
Transmission Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
Key Lock
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Cylinders
Canada 10953474).
Chassis
Lubrication
Front Axle
(1500 Series
Vehicles with
Four-Wheel
Drive)
Chassis Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12377985, in
Canada 88901242) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
SAE 80W-90 Axle Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 1052271, in
Canada 10950849).
Usage
Front Axle
(2500 Series
Vehicles with
Four-Wheel
Drive)
Rear Axle
Automatic
Transfer Case
(Four-Wheel
Drive)
Front Axle
Propshaft
Spline or
One-Piece
Propshaft
Spline
(Two-Wheel
Drive with
Auto. Trans.)
Fluid/Lubricant
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant (GM Part
No. U.S. 12378261, in
Canada 10953455) meeting
GM Specification 9986115.
SAE 75W-90 Synthetic Axle
Lubricant (GM Part
No. U.S. 12378261, in
Canada 10953455) meeting
GM Specification 9986115.
AUTO-TRAK II Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378508, in
Canada 10953626).
Usage
Hood Hinges
Outer Tailgate
Handle Pivot
Points
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Weatherstrip
Squeaks
Fluid/Lubricant
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
Weatherstrip Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 3634770,
in Canada 10953518) or
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579,
in Canada 992887).
Synthetic Grease with
Teflon, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12371287,
in Canada 10953437).
Spline Lubricant, Special Lubricant
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345879, in
Canada 10953511) or lubricant
meeting requirements of
GM 9985830.
591
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Replacement parts identified below by name, part number, or specification can be obtained from your GM
dealer.
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Part
GM Part Number
ACDelco® Part
Number
15908915
A1518C
Engine Air Cleaner /Filter
High Capacity Filter
15908916
A1519C*
Oil Filter
Standard Filter
89017524
PF48
Spark Plugs
12571164
41-985
Front – 21.6 inches (55.0 cm)
15930910
—
Rear – 11.8 inches (30.0 cm)
15173728
—
Wiper Blades
*A1518C high-capacity air cleaner filter may be substituted.
592
Engine Drive Belt Routing
593
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the
service, and the type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on
page 576. Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 586 can be added on the
following record pages. You should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
594
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
595
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
596
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance and Information ....... 598
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ............... 598
Online Owner Center ................................. 601
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users .......................... 602
Customer Assistance Offices ..................... 602
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ........ 603
Roadside Assistance Program ................... 604
Courtesy Transportation ............................. 607
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders ...................................... 609
Collision Damage Repair ........................... 610
Reporting Safety Defects ............................ 615
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..................... 615
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ............................ 615
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors ................................................... 615
Service Publications Ordering Information .... 616
597
Customer Assistance and
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your dealer/retailer and to Chevrolet. Normally,
any concerns with the sales transaction or the
operation of your vehicle will be resolved by your
dealer’s/retailer’s sales or service departments.
Sometimes, however, despite the best intentions of
all concerned, misunderstandings can occur. If
your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership/retailer management. Normally,
concerns can be quickly resolved at that level. If
the matter has already been reviewed with
the sales, service, or parts manager, contact the
owner of the dealership/retailer or the general
manager.
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of
dealership/retailer management, it appears your
concern cannot be resolved by the
dealership/retailer without further help, in the U.S.,
contact the Chevrolet Customer Assistance
Center by calling 1-800-222-1020. In Canada,
contact General Motors of Canada Customer
Communication Centre by calling 1-800-263-3777
(English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in
order to give your inquiry prompt attention. Please
have the following information available to give
the Customer Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). This is
available from the vehicle registration or
title, or the plate at the top left of the
instrument panel and visible through the
windshield.
• Dealership/retailer name and location.
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
(kilometers).
When contacting Chevrolet, please remember that
your concern will likely be resolved at a
dealer’s/retailer’s facility. That is why we suggest
you follow Step One first if you have a concern.
598
STEP THREE — U.S. Owners: Both General
Motors and your dealer/retailer are committed to
making sure you are completely satisfied with your
new vehicle. However, if you continue to remain
unsatisfied after following the procedure outlined in
Steps 1 and 2, you should file with the Better
Business Bureau (BBB) Auto Line Program
to enforce your rights.
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court
program administered by the Council of Better
Business Bureaus to settle automotive disputes
regarding vehicle repairs or the interpretation
of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. Although you
may be required to resort to this informal dispute
resolution program prior to filing a court action,
use of the program is free of charge and your case
will generally be heard within 40 days. If you do
not agree with the decision given in your case, you
may reject it and proceed with any other venue
for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program
using the toll-free telephone number or write them
at the following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1838
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by
vehicle age, mileage, and other factors. General
Motors reserves the right to change eligibility
limitations and/or discontinue its participation in
this program.
599
STEP THREE — Canadian Owners: In the event
that you do not feel your concerns have been
addressed after following the procedure outlined in
Steps 1 and 2, General Motors of Canada
Limited wants you to be aware of its participation
in a no-charge Mediation/Arbitration Program.
General Motors of Canada Limited has committed
to binding arbitration of owner disputes involving
factory-related vehicle service claims. The program
provides for the review of the facts involved by
an impartial third party arbiter, and may include an
informal hearing before the arbiter. The program
is designed so that the entire dispute settlement
process, from the time you file your complaint
to the final decision, should be completed in about
70 days. We believe our impartial program
offers advantages over courts in most jurisdictions
because it is informal, quick, and free of charge.
600
For further information concerning eligibility in the
Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration Plan
(CAMVAP), call toll-free 1-800-207-0685.
Alternatively, you may call the General Motors
Customer Communication Centre, 1-800-263-3777
(English), 1-800-263-7854 (French), or you may
write to:
The Mediation/Arbitration Program
c/o Customer Communication Centre
General Motors of Canada Limited
Mail Code: CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Your inquiry should be accompanied by your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
Online Owner Center
My GM Canada (Canada only)
Online Owner Center
(United States only)
My GM Canada is a password-protected section
of gmcanada.com where you can save information
on GM vehicles, get personalized offers, and
use handy tools and forms with greater ease.
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM
ownership needs. Specific vehicle information can
be found in one place.
The Online Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific
vehicle, including tips and videos and
an electronic version of this owner manual.
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history
and maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers/retailers for service
nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges
only available to members.
Refer to www.MyGMLink.com on the web for
updated information and to register your vehicle.
Here are a few of the valuable tools and services
you will have access to:
− My Showroom: Find and save information on
vehicles and current offers in your area.
− My Dealers/Retailers: Save details such as
address and phone number for each of
your preferred GM Dealers or Retailers.
− My Driveway: Receive service reminders and
helpful advice on owning and maintaining
your vehicle.
− My Preferences: Manage your profile,
subscribe to E-News and use tools and forms
with greater ease.
To sign up to My GM Canada, visit the My GM
Canada section within www.gmcanada.com.
601
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of
hearing, or speech-impaired and who use Text
Telephones (TTYs), Chevrolet has TTY equipment
available at its Customer Assistance Center.
Any TTY user in the U.S. can communicate with
Chevrolet by dialing: 1-800-833-CHEV (2438).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Chevrolet encourages customers to call the
toll-free number for assistance. However, if a
customer wishes to write or e-mail Chevrolet, the
letter should be addressed to:
United States — Customer Assistance
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
602
www.Chevrolet.com
1-800-222-1020
1-800-833-2438 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA
(243-8872)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Canada — Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
www.gmcanada.com
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
Overseas — Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors
Business Unit.
GM Mobility Reimbursement
Program
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean
Islands/Countries (Except Puerto Rico
and U.S. Virgin Islands) — Customer
Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
This program, available to qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000 of the cost of eligible
aftermarket adaptive equipment required for
your vehicle, such as hand controls or a
wheelchair/scooter lift.
The offer is available for a very limited period of
time from the date of vehicle purchase/lease.
For more details, or to determine your vehicle’s
eligibility, visit gmmobility.com or call the GM
Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
General Motors of Canada also has a Mobility
Program. Call 1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483)
for details. TTY users call 1-800-263-3830.
603
Roadside Assistance Program
In the U.S., call 1-800-CHEV-USA
(1-800-243-8872).
In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800.
Service is available 24 hours a day, 365 days
a year.
As the owner of a new Chevrolet vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Chevrolet Roadside
Assistance program.
Who is Covered?
Roadside Assistance coverage is for the vehicle
operator, regardless of ownership. In Canada,
a person driving this vehicle without the consent of
the owner is not eligible for coverage.
The following services are provided in the U.S.
during the Bumper-to-Bumper warranty period and,
in Canada, during the Base Warranty coverage
period of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty, up to
a maximum coverage of $100.
604
• Fuel Delivery: Delivery of enough fuel for the
vehicle to get to the nearest service station
(approximately $5 in Canada). Service
to provide diesel may be restricted. For safety
reasons, propane and other alternative
fuels will not be provided through this service.
• Lock-out Service: To ensure security,
the driver must present personal identification
before lock-out service is provided. In
Canada, the vehicle registration is also
required. Lock-out service will be covered at
no charge if you are unable to gain entry
into your vehicle. A remote unlock may
be available if you have an active OnStar®
subscription.
• Emergency Tow From a Public Roadway or
Highway: Tow to the nearest
dealership/retailer for warranty service or in
the event of a vehicle-disabling accident.
Winch-out assistance when the vehicle
is mired in sand, mud, or snow.
• Flat Tire Change: Installation of a spare tire
in good condition, when equipped and
properly inflated, is covered at no charge. The
customer is responsible for the repair or
replacement of the tire if not covered by a
warrantable failure.
• Jump Start: No-start occurrences which
require a battery jump start will be covered at
no charge.
• Trip Routing Service (Canada only): Upon
request, Roadside Assistance will send you
detailed, computer personalized maps,
highlighting your choice of either the most
direct route or the most scenic route to your
destination, anywhere in North America, along
with helpful travel information pertaining to
your trip.
We will make every attempt to send your
personalized trip routing as quickly as possible,
but it is best to allow three weeks before your
planned departure date. Trip routing requests
will be limited to six per calendar year.
• Trip Interruption Benefits and Assistance
(Canada only): In the event of a warranty
related vehicle disablement, while en route and
over 250 kilometres from original point of
departure, you may qualify for trip interruption
expense assistance. This assistance covers
reasonable reimbursement of up to a maximum
of $500 (Canadian) for (A) meals (maximum of
$50/day), (B) lodging (maximum of $100/night)
and (C) alternate ground transportation
(maximum of $40/day). This benefit is to assist
you with some of the unplanned expense you
may incur while waiting for your vehicle to be
repaired.
Pre-authorization, original detailed receipts and
a copy of the repair order are required.
Once authorization has been given, your
advisor will help you make any necessary
arrangements and explain how to claim for trip
interruption expense assistance.
605
• Alternative Service (Canada only): There
may be times, when Roadside Assistance
cannot provide timely assistance, your advisor
may authorize you to secure local emergency
road service, and you will be reimbursed up to
$100 upon submission of the original receipt to
Roadside Assistance.
In many instances, mechanical failures are
covered under Chevrolet’s Bumper-to-Bumper
warranty, and the duration of the Base Warranty
Coverage for Canadian customers of the new
Vehicle Limited Warranty. However, any cost for
parts and labor for non-warranty repairs are
the responsibility of the driver.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling,
please provide the following to the Roadside
Assistance Representative:
• Your name, home address, and home
telephone number.
• Telephone number of your location.
• Location of the vehicle.
606
• Model, year, color, and license plate number.
• Odometer reading, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), and delivery date of the vehicle.
• Description of the problem.
While we hope you never have the occasion to
use our service, it is added security while traveling
for you and your family. Remember, we are
only a phone call away. U.S. customers call
Chevrolet Roadside Assistance: 1-800-CHEV-USA
(1-800-243-8872), text telephone (TTY) users,
call 1-888-889-2438, Canadian customers
call 1-800-268-6800.
Chevrolet and General Motors of Canada Limited
reserve the right to limit services or reimbursement
to an owner or driver when, in their sole
discretion, the claims become excessive in
frequency or type of occurrence.
Roadside Assistance is not part of or included in
the coverage provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty. Chevrolet and General Motors of
Canada Limited reserve the right to make any
changes or discontinue the Roadside Assistance
program at any time without notification.
Towing and Road Service Exclusions
Specifically excluded from Roadside Assistance
coverage are towing or services for vehicles
operated on a non-public roadway or highway,
fines, impound towing caused by a violation
of local, Municipal, State, Provincial, or Federal
law, and mounting, dismounting or changing
of snow tires, chains, or other traction devices.
Courtesy Transportation
To enhance your ownership experience, we and
our participating dealers/retailers are proud to offer
Courtesy Transportation, a customer support
program for new vehicles.
For warranty repairs during the Bumper-to-Bumper
(U.S.) or Base Warranty Coverage period
(Canada), provided by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty, interim transportation may be available
under the Courtesy Transportation program.
Several courtesy transportation options are
available to assist in reducing your inconvenience
when warranty repairs are required.
Courtesy Transportation is not a part of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty and is available only
at participating dealers/retailers. A separate
booklet entitled “Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information” furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
Scheduling Service Appointments
When your vehicle requires warranty service,
contact your dealer/retailer and request an
appointment. By scheduling a service appointment
and advising your service consultant of your
transportation needs, your dealer/retailer can help
minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the
service department immediately, keep driving it
until it can be scheduled for service, unless,
of course, the problem is safety-related. If it is,
please call your dealership/retailer, let them know
this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer/retailer requests that you simply drop
the vehicle off for service, you are urged to do
so as early in the work day as possible to allow for
the same day repair.
607
Transportation Options
Warranty service can generally be completed
while you wait. However, if you are unable to wait,
GM helps to minimize your inconvenience by
providing several transportation options.
Depending on the circumstances, your
dealer/retailer can offer you one of the following:
Shuttle Service
Shuttle service is the preferred means of offering
Courtesy Transportation and participating
dealers/retailers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes
one-way or round trip shuttle service within
reasonable time and distance parameters for the
dealer’s/retailer’s area.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
and public transportation is used as ‘shuttle
service,’ the reimbursement is limited to the
associated shuttle allowance and must be
supported by original receipts.
608
In addition, for U.S. customers, should you arrange
transportation through a friend or relative, limited
reimbursement for reasonable fuel expenses may
be available. Claim amounts should reflect actual
costs and be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer/retailer may arrange to provide you
with a courtesy rental vehicle or reimburse you for
a rental vehicle that you obtain if your vehicle is
kept for an overnight warranty repair. Rental
reimbursement will be limited and must be
supported by original receipts. This requires that
you sign and complete a rental agreement
and meet state/provincial, local, and rental vehicle
provider requirements. Requirements vary and
may include minimum age requirements, insurance
coverage, credit card, etc. You are responsible
for fuel usage charges and may also be
responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees,
excessive mileage, or rental usage beyond the
completion of the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle
as a courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
All program options, such as shuttle service, may
not be available at every dealer/retailer. Please
contact your dealer/retailer for specific information
about availability. All Courtesy Transportation
arrangements will be administered by appropriate
dealer/retailer personnel.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally
modify, change or discontinue Courtesy
Transportation at any time and to resolve all
questions of claim eligibility pursuant to the terms
and conditions described herein at its sole
discretion.
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Recorders
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles,
has a number of sophisticated computer
systems that monitor and control several
aspects of the vehicle’s performance. Your
vehicle uses on-board vehicle computers to
monitor emission control components to
optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions
for airbag deployment and, if so equipped, to
provide anti-lock braking and to help the driver
control the vehicle in difficult driving situations.
Some information may be stored during regular
operations to facilitate repair of detected
malfunctions; other information is stored
only in a crash event by computer systems,
such as those commonly called Event Data
Recorders (EDR).
In a crash event, computer systems, such as
the airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module
(SDM) in your vehicle may record information
about the condition of the vehicle and how
it was operated, such as data related to engine
speed, brake application, throttle position,
vehicle speed, safety belt usage, airbag
readiness, airbag performance, and the
severity of a collision. If your vehicle is
equipped with StabiliTrak®, steering
performance, including yaw rate, steering
wheel angle, and lateral acceleration, is also
recorded. This information has been used
to improve vehicle crash performance and may
be used to improve crash performance of
future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike the
data recorders on many airplanes, these
on-board systems do not record sounds, such
as conversation of vehicle occupants.
609
To read this information, special equipment is
needed and access to the vehicle or the
device that stores the data is required. GM will
not access information about a crash event
or share it with others other than:
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if
the vehicle is leased, with the consent of
the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police
or similar government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation
through the discovery process, or
• as required by law.
In addition, once GM collects or receives data,
GM may:
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where
appropriate confidentiality is to be
maintained and need is shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a
specific vehicle with non-GM organizations
for research purposes.
610
Others, such as law enforcement, may have
access to the special equipment that can read
the information if they have access to the
vehicle or the device that stores the data.
If your vehicle has OnStar®, please check the
OnStar® subscription service agreement or
manual for information on its operations and
data collection.
Collision Damage Repair
If your vehicle is involved in a collision and it is
damaged, have the damage repaired by a qualified
technician using the proper equipment and
quality replacement parts. Poorly performed
collision repairs will diminish your vehicle’s resale
value, and safety performance can be
compromised in subsequent collisions.
Collision Parts
Genuine GM Collision parts are new parts made
with the same materials and construction methods
as the parts with which your vehicle was
originally built. Genuine GM Collision parts are
your best choice to assure that your vehicle’s
designed appearance, durability, and safety are
preserved. The use of Genuine GM parts can help
maintain your GM New Vehicle Warranty.
Recycled original equipment parts may also be
used for repair. These parts are typically removed
from vehicles that were total losses in prior
accidents. In most cases, the parts being recycled
are from undamaged sections of the vehicle. A
recycled original equipment GM part, may
be an acceptable choice to maintain your vehicle’s
originally designed appearance and safety
performance, however, the history of these parts
is not known. Such parts are not covered by
your GM New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any
related failures are not covered by that warranty.
Aftermarket collision parts are also available.
These are made by companies other than GM and
may not have been tested for your vehicle. As a
result, these parts may fit poorly, exhibit premature
durability/corrosion problems, and may not
perform properly in subsequent collisions.
Aftermarket parts are not covered by your GM
New Vehicle Limited Warranty, and any vehicle
failure related to such parts are not covered by that
warranty.
Repair Facility
GM also recommends that you choose a collision
repair facility that meets your needs before you
ever need collision repairs. Your GM dealer/retailer
may have a collision repair center with GM-trained
technicians and state of the art equipment, or
be able to recommend a collision repair center that
has GM-trained technicians and comparable
equipment.
611
Insuring Your Vehicle
If an Accident Occurs
Protect your investment in your GM vehicle with
comprehensive and collision insurance coverage.
There are significant differences in the quality
of coverage afforded by various insurance policy
terms. Many insurance policies provide reduced
protection to your GM vehicle by limiting
compensation for damage repairs by using
aftermarket collision parts. Some insurance
companies will not specify aftermarket collision
parts. When purchasing insurance, we recommend
that you assure your vehicle will be repaired
with GM original equipment collision parts. If such
insurance coverage is not available from your
current insurance carrier, consider switching
to another insurance carrier.
Here is what to do if you are involved in an
accident.
• Try to relax and then check to make sure you
are all right. If you are uninjured, make sure
that no one else in your vehicle, or the
other vehicle, is injured.
• If there has been an injury, call 911 for help.
Do not leave the scene of an accident until
all matters have been taken care of. Move
your vehicle only if its position puts you
in danger or you are instructed to move it by a
police officer.
• Give only the necessary and requested
information to police and other parties involved
in the accident. Do not discuss your personal
condition, mental frame of mind, or anything
unrelated to the accident. This will help guard
against post-accident legal action.
• If you need roadside assistance, call GM
Roadside Assistance. See Roadside
Assistance Program on page 604 for more
information.
If your vehicle is leased, the leasing company may
require you to have insurance that assures
repairs with Genuine GM Original Equipment
Manufacturer (OEM) parts or Genuine
Manufacturer replacement parts. Read your lease
carefully, as you may be charged at the end of
your lease for poor quality repairs.
612
• If your vehicle cannot be driven, know where
• If possible, call your insurance company from
the towing service will be taking it. Get a
card from the tow truck operator or write down
the driver’s name, the service’s name, and
the phone number.
• Remove any valuables from your vehicle
before it is towed away. Make sure this
includes your insurance information and
registration if you keep these items in your
vehicle.
• Gather the important information you will need
from the other driver. Things like name,
address, phone number, driver’s license
number, vehicle license plate, vehicle make,
model and model year, Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN), insurance company and
policy number, and a general description of
the damage to the other vehicle.
the scene of the accident. They will walk you
through the information they will need. If
they ask for a police report, phone or go to
the police department headquarters the
next day and you can get a copy of the report
for a nominal fee. In some states/provinces
with “no fault” insurance laws, a report may not
be necessary. This is especially true if there
are no injuries and both vehicles are driveable.
• Choose a reputable collision repair facility
for your vehicle. Whether you select a
GM dealer/retailer or a private collision repair
facility to fix the damage, make sure you
are comfortable with them. Remember, you
will have to feel comfortable with their work for
a long time.
• Once you have an estimate, read it carefully
and make sure you understand what work
will be performed on your vehicle. If you have
a question, ask for an explanation. Reputable
shops welcome this opportunity.
613
Managing the Vehicle Damage Repair
Process
In the event that your vehicle requires damage
repairs, GM recommends that you take an active
role in its repair. If you have a pre-determined
repair facility of choice, take your vehicle there, or
have it towed there. Specify to the facility that
any required replacement collision parts be original
equipment parts, either new Genuine GM parts
or recycled original GM parts. Remember, recycled
parts will not be covered by your GM vehicle
warranty.
614
Insurance pays the bill for the repair, but you must
live with the repair. Depending on your policy
limits, your insurance company may initially value
the repair using aftermarket parts. Discuss this
with your repair professional, and insist on
Genuine GM parts. Remember if your vehicle is
leased you may be obligated to have the
vehicle repaired with Genuine GM parts, even if
your insurance coverage does not pay the full cost.
If another party’s insurance company is paying
for the repairs, you are not obligated to accept a
repair valuation based on that insurance
company’s collision policy repair limits, as you
have no contractual limits with that company. In
such cases, you can have control of the repair and
parts choices as long as cost stays within
reasonable limits.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which
could cause a crash or could cause injury or
death, you should immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA),
in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect
exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems between
you, your dealer/retailer, or General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY:
1-800-424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or
write to:
Administrator, NHTSA
400 Seventh Street, SW.
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your
vehicle has a safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition
to notifying General Motors of Canada Limited.
You may call them at 1-800-333-0510 or write to:
Transport Canada
Road Safety Branch
2780 Sheffield Road
Ottawa, Ontario K1B 3V9
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport
Canada) in a situation like this, we certainly hope
you will notify General Motors. Please call the
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-222-1020, or write:
Chevrolet Motor Division
Chevrolet Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33170
Detroit, MI 48232-5170
615
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777
(English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, CA1-163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
Service Bulletins
Service Publications Ordering
Information
In Canada, the service bulletin reference number
can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer/retailer or by calling
1-800-GM-DRIVE (1-800-463-7483). This
reference number is needed to order the service
bulletin from Helm, Inc.
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle
suspension, brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair
service procedures, adjustments, and
specifications for GM transmissions, transaxles,
and transfer cases.
616
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General
Motors cars and trucks. Each bulletin contains
instructions to assist in the diagnosis and service
of your vehicle.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $6.00 US + Processing Fee
Owner Information
Owner publications are written specifically for
owners and intended to provide basic operational
information about the vehicle. The owner
manual will include the Maintenance Schedule for
all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner Manual,
and Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00 US +
Processing Fee
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00 US +
Processing Fee
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Technical Service Bulletins and Manuals are
available for current and past model GM vehicles.
To request an order form, please specify year
and model name of the vehicle.
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc. on
the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Prices are subject to change without notice and
without incurring obligation. Allow ample time
for delivery.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are
to make checks payable in U.S. funds.
617
✍ NOTES
618
A
Accessories and Modifications ..................... 444
Adding a Snow Plow or Similar
Equipment ................................................ 412
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ........................... 107
Additives, Fuel ............................................ 448
Add-On Electrical Equipment ....................... 563
Adjustable Throttle and Brake Pedal ............ 143
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ............................. 464
Air Conditioning .................................. 227, 231
Airbag
Passenger Status Indicator ....................... 246
Readiness Light ....................................... 245
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic
Module (SDM) .......................................... 609
Airbag System ............................................... 90
What Will You See After an
Airbag Inflates? ...................................... 99
When Should an Airbag Inflate? ................. 96
Where Are the Airbags? ............................. 93
Airbag Systems
Adding Equipment to Your
Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ....................... 107
How Does an Airbag Restrain? .................. 99
Airbag Systems (cont.)
Passenger Sensing System ...................... 101
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ..... 106
What Makes an Airbag Inflate? .................. 98
Antenna, Rear Side Window ........................ 354
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System .................................................... 354
Anti-Lock Brake System .............................. 361
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light ....... 251
Appearance Care
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........ 559
Care of Safety Belts ................................ 556
Chemical Paint Spotting ........................... 561
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .............. 557
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .......... 553
Fabric/Carpet ........................................... 554
Finish Care .............................................. 557
Finish Damage ......................................... 560
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces .................................... 556
Leather .................................................... 555
Sheet Metal Damage ............................... 560
Tires ........................................................ 560
Underbody Maintenance ........................... 560
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials .......... 561
Washing Your Vehicle .............................. 557
619
Appearance Care (cont.)
Weatherstrips ...........................................
Windshield, Backglass, and
Wiper Blades ........................................
Ashtray .......................................................
Audio System ..............................................
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ............
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ...................
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual .........................
Radio with CD .........................................
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................
Setting the Time ..................... 291, 292,
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................
Understanding Radio Reception ...............
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......
Audio System(s)
Radio with CD and DVD ..........................
Rear Side Window Antenna .....................
Automatic Headlamp System .......................
Automatic Transmission
Fluid ........................................................
Operation .................................................
Autoride® .....................................................
Auxiliary Roof Mounted Lamp Switch ..........
620
556
558
227
290
351
353
353
337
294
348
293
350
352
354
305
354
217
466
145
422
218
B
Battery ........................................................ 490
Electric Power Management ..................... 220
Run-Down Protection ............................... 221
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .................... 396
Bench Seat, Split (60/40) .............................. 20
Brake
Emergencies ............................................ 363
Parking .................................................... 156
Brakes ........................................................ 486
System Warning Light .............................. 249
Braking ....................................................... 360
Braking in Emergencies ............................... 363
Break-In, New Vehicle ................................. 139
Bucket Seats, Rear ....................................... 26
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 502
Halogen Bulbs ......................................... 502
Headlamp Aiming ..................................... 499
License Plate Lamps ................................ 504
Replacement Bulbs .................................. 504
Taillamps, Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ..................................... 502
Buying New Tires ........................................ 524
C
Calibration .......................................... 162, 166
California Fuel ............................................. 447
California Proposition 65 Warning ................ 445
Canadian Owners ........................................... 3
Capacities and Specifications ...................... 572
Carbon Monoxide ..... 125, 127, 160, 400, 422
Care of
Safety Belts ............................................. 556
Your CD and DVD Player ........................ 353
Your CDs and DVDs ................................ 353
Cargo Cover ............................................... 192
Cargo Management System ........................ 194
CD, MP3 ............................................ 321, 327
Center Console Storage Area ...................... 190
Center Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ............................................... 53
Center Seat .................................................. 19
Chains, Tire ................................................. 530
Charging System Light ................................ 248
Check
Engine Light ............................................ 253
Checking Things Under the Hood ................ 456
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................. 561
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................. 68
Infants and Young Children ........................ 64
Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children ....... 74
Older Children ........................................... 61
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Seat Position ................................. 82
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Center Front Seat Position ..................... 85
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position ........................ 85
Where to Put the Restraint ........................ 72
Cigarette Lighter .......................................... 227
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ........ 559
Exterior Lamps/Lenses ............................. 557
Fabric/Carpet ........................................... 554
Finish Care .............................................. 557
Inside of Your Vehicle .............................. 553
Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other
Plastic Surfaces .................................... 556
Leather .................................................... 555
Tires ........................................................ 560
Underbody Maintenance ........................... 560
Washing Your Vehicle .............................. 557
621
Cleaning (cont.)
Weatherstrips ........................................... 556
Windshield, Backglass, and
Wiper Blades ........................................ 558
Climate Control System ............................... 227
Dual Automatic ......................................... 231
Outlet Adjustment ..................................... 238
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System ................................................. 239
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System, Electronic ................................ 240
Clock ......................................... 291, 292, 293
Collision Damage Repair ............................. 610
Comfort Guides, Rear Safety Belt ................. 56
Compass ............................................ 162, 166
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................... 135
Control of a Vehicle ..................................... 360
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ........................ 252
Heater, Engine ......................................... 143
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ........................ 473
Cooling System ........................................... 477
Cruise Control ............................................. 211
Cruise Control Light .................................... 258
Cupholder(s) ................................................ 190
622
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation ...........................
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users .........................
Customer Assistance Offices ....................
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..............
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ......
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors .....................................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ..........................
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ....................
Roadside Assistance Program ..................
Service Publications Ordering
Information ...........................................
607
602
602
598
603
615
615
615
604
616
D
Daytime Running Lamps .............................
Defensive Driving ........................................
Delayed Locking ..........................................
Disc, MP3 .......................................... 321,
Doing Your Own Service Work ....................
216
356
123
327
445
Dome Lamp Override .................................. 219
Dome Lamps ............................................... 219
Door
Delayed Locking ...................................... 123
Locks ....................................................... 122
Power Door Locks ................................... 123
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 123
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 124
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ................................... 43
Driver Information Center (DIC) ................... 260
DIC Operation and Displays ............ 261, 267
DIC Vehicle Customization ....................... 280
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 270
Driving
At Night ................................................... 389
City .......................................................... 393
Defensive ................................................. 356
Drunken ................................................... 357
Freeway ................................................... 394
Hill and Mountain Roads .......................... 398
In Rain and on Wet Roads ...................... 390
Off-Road .................................................. 372
Recovery Hooks ....................................... 406
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .......... 405
Winter ...................................................... 400
Dual Automatic Climate Control System ....... 231
DVD
Rear Seat Entertainment System ............. 337
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ...................................
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block ........
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ...................
Power Windows and Other Power
Options .................................................
Underhood Fuse Block .............................
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...........................
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................
Check and Service Engine Soon Light .....
Coolant ....................................................
Coolant Heater .........................................
Coolant Temperature Gage ......................
Drive Belt Routing ....................................
Engine Compartment Overview ................
Exhaust ...................................................
Fan Noise ................................................
Oil ...........................................................
563
566
564
565
564
567
564
464
253
470
143
252
593
458
160
483
459
623
Engine (cont.)
Oil Life System ........................................ 462
Overheated Protection Operating Mode ...... 476
Overheating ............................................. 473
Starting .................................................... 141
Entry Lighting .............................................. 220
Event Data Recorders (EDR) ...................... 609
Exit Lighting ................................................ 220
Extender, Safety Belt ..................................... 60
Exterior Lamps ............................................ 215
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................
Finish Damage ............................................
Flashers, Hazard Warning ...........................
Flash-to-Pass ..............................................
Flat Tire ......................................................
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................
Flat Tire, Storing .........................................
Fluid
Automatic Transmission ............................
Power Steering ........................................
Windshield Washer ..................................
624
464
560
204
207
531
532
547
466
484
485
Fog Lamp
Fog ..........................................................
Fog Lamp Light ...........................................
Four-Wheel Drive ............................... 150,
Front Axle ...................................................
Fuel ............................................................
Additives ..................................................
California Fuel ..........................................
E85 (85% Ethanol) ...................................
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..............
Filling Your Tank ......................................
Fuels in Foreign Countries .......................
Gage .......................................................
Gasoline Octane ......................................
Gasoline Specifications ............................
Low Warning Light ...................................
Fuses
Center Instrument Panel Fuse Block ........
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................
Instrument Panel Fuse Block ...................
Underhood Fuse Block .............................
Windshield Wiper .....................................
218
258
497
498
446
448
447
449
455
451
450
259
447
447
260
566
564
565
567
564
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Fuel .........................................................
Oil Pressure .............................................
Speedometer ...........................................
Tachometer ..............................................
Voltmeter Gage ........................................
Garage Door Opener ...................................
Gasoline
Octane .....................................................
Specifications ...........................................
Glove Box ...................................................
GM Mobility Reimbursement Program ..........
252
259
256
244
244
249
178
447
447
190
603
H
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................ 204
Head Restraints ............................................ 18
Headlamp
Aiming ..................................................... 499
Headlamps
Bulb Replacement .................................... 502
Daytime Running Lamps .......................... 216
Flash-to-Pass ........................................... 207
Halogen Bulbs ......................................... 502
Headlamps (cont.)
High/Low Beam Changer ......................... 207
On Reminder ........................................... 216
Heated Seats ................................................ 12
Heater ......................................................... 227
Heater ......................................................... 231
Highbeam On Light ..................................... 259
Highway Hypnosis ....................................... 397
Hill and Mountain Roads ............................. 398
Hood
Checking Things Under ............................ 456
Release ................................................... 457
Horn ............................................................ 204
How to Use This Manual ................................ 4
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............... 43
I
Ignition Positions ......................................... 140
Infants and Young Children, Restraints .......... 64
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................... 515
Instrument Panel
Overview .................................................. 202
Instrument Panel (I/P)
Brightness ................................................ 219
Cluster ..................................................... 243
625
J
Jump Starting .............................................. 491
K
Keyless Entry System ................................. 114
Keys ........................................................... 113
L
Labeling, Tire Sidewall ................................. 508
Lamps
Auxiliary Roof Mounted Lamp .................. 218
Dome ....................................................... 219
Dome Lamp Override ............................... 219
Exterior .................................................... 215
Reading ................................................... 220
LATCH System
Child Restraints ......................................... 74
Level Control ............................................... 421
License Plate Lamps ................................... 504
Liftgate, Power ............................................ 127
Liftgate/Liftglass ........................................... 125
Liftglass/Liftgate ........................................... 125
626
Light
Airbag Readiness .....................................
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning .............
Brake System Warning .............................
Charging System .....................................
Cruise Control ..........................................
Fog Lamp ................................................
Highbeam On ..........................................
Low Fuel Warning ....................................
Malfunction Indicator ................................
Oil Pressure .............................................
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............
Passenger Safety Belt Reminder ..............
Safety Belt Reminder ...............................
Security ...................................................
StabiliTrak® Indicator ................................
Tire Pressure ...........................................
Tow/Haul Mode ........................................
Lighting
Entry ........................................................
Exit ..........................................................
Loading Your Vehicle ...................................
Locking Rear Axle .......................................
Lockout Protection .......................................
245
251
249
248
258
258
259
260
253
257
246
245
244
258
252
253
259
220
220
407
363
124
Locks
Delayed Locking ...................................... 123
Door ........................................................ 122
Lockout Protection ................................... 124
Power Door ............................................. 123
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ....... 123
Rear Door Security Locks ........................ 124
Loss of Control ........................................... 371
Low Fuel Warning Light ............................... 260
Luggage Carrier .......................................... 191
Lumbar
Power Controls .......................................... 11
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ....................
At Each Fuel Fill ......................................
At Least Once a Month ............................
At Least Once a Year ..............................
Introduction ..............................................
Maintenance Footnotes ............................
Maintenance Record ................................
Maintenance Requirements ......................
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts ...............................
582
586
587
587
576
584
594
576
592
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Owner Checks and Services .................... 586
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ....... 590
Scheduled Maintenance ........................... 579
Using ....................................................... 577
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............ 576
Malfunction Indicator Light ........................... 253
Manual Seats .................................................. 9
Memory Seat, Mirrors, and Pedals ................ 13
Message
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 270
Mirrors
Automatic Dimming Rearview with
Compass and Temperature Display ........ 166
Automatic Dimming Rearview with OnStar®,
Compass and Temperature Display ........ 162
Outside Automatic Dimming Mirror ........... 172
Outside Convex Mirror ............................. 173
Outside Curb View Assist Mirrors ............. 172
Outside Heated Mirrors ............................ 173
Outside Manual Mirrors ............................ 168
Outside Power Foldaway Mirrors .............. 171
Outside Power Mirrors ............................. 170
Outside Trailer-Tow Mirrors ....................... 169
MP3 ................................................... 321, 327
MyGMLink.com ............................................ 601
627
N
Navigation/Radio System, see Navigation
Manual ..................................................... 337
New Vehicle Break-In .................................. 139
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ....... 592
O
Odometer .................................................... 244
Odometer, Trip ............................................ 244
Off-Road Driving .......................................... 372
Off-Road Recovery ...................................... 369
Oil
Engine ..................................................... 459
Pressure Gage ......................................... 256
Pressure Light .......................................... 257
Oil, Engine Oil Life System ......................... 462
Older Children, Restraints ............................. 61
Online Owner Center ................................... 601
OnStar® System, see OnStar® Manual ........ 173
Operation, Universal Home
Remote System .............................. 178, 182
Other Warning Devices ................................ 204
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 238
628
Outlets
Accessory Power ..................................... 225
Outside
Automatic Dimming Mirror ........................ 172
Convex Mirror .......................................... 173
Curb View Assist Mirrors .......................... 172
Heated Mirrors ......................................... 173
Manual Mirrors ......................................... 168
Power Foldaway Mirrors ........................... 171
Power Mirrors .......................................... 170
Trailer-Tow Mirrors ................................... 169
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode ....................................... 476
Owner Checks and Services ....................... 586
Owners, Canadian .......................................... 3
P
Paint, Damage ............................................
Park Aid ......................................................
Park (P)
Shifting Into .............................................
Shifting Out of .........................................
560
222
157
159
Parking
Assist ....................................................... 222
Brake ....................................................... 156
Over Things That Burn ............................ 159
Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ............... 246
Passenger Sensing System ......................... 101
Passing ....................................................... 369
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................... 137
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................... 137
Power
Door Locks .............................................. 123
Electrical System ..................................... 564
Liftgate ..................................................... 127
Lumbar Controls ........................................ 11
Retained Accessory (RAP) ....................... 141
Running Boards ....................................... 131
Seat .......................................................... 10
Steering Fluid .......................................... 484
Windows .................................................. 133
Pretensioners, Safety Belt ............................. 60
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .......... 123
Q
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ...... 42
R
Radios ........................................................ 290
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ............ 353
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ................... 353
Navigation/Radio System,
see Navigation Manual ......................... 337
Radio with CD ......................................... 294
Radio with CD and DVD .......................... 305
Rear Seat Audio ...................................... 348
Setting the Time ..................... 291, 292, 293
Theft-Deterrent ......................................... 350
Understanding Reception ......................... 352
Rainsense™ II Wipers ................................. 208
Reading Lamps ........................................... 220
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System .................................................... 239
Rear Air Conditioning and Heating
System and Electronic Climate Controls ..... 240
Rear Axle .................................................... 496
Locking .................................................... 363
Rear Door Security Locks ........................... 124
Rear Heated Seats ....................................... 19
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides .................. 56
Rear Seat Armrest ...................................... 192
629
Rear Seat Audio (RSA) ............................... 348
Rear Seat Entertainment System ................. 337
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .............. 54
Rear Side Window Antenna ......................... 354
Rear Storage Area ...................................... 192
Rear Windshield Washer/Wiper .................... 210
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
Compass and Temperature Display .......... 166
Rearview Mirror, Automatic Dimming with
OnStar®, Compass and Temperature
Display ..................................................... 162
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 15
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants .......... 590
Recovery Hooks .......................................... 406
Recreational Vehicle Towing ........................ 418
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System .......... 114
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) System,
Operation ................................................. 115
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire ................................................ 537
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ............ 533
Replacement Bulbs ..................................... 504
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government ............................. 615
General Motors ........................................ 615
United States Government ....................... 615
630
Restraint System Check
Checking the Restraint Systems ............... 108
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ........................................ 109
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ................ 141
Right Front Passenger Position,
Safety Belts ............................................... 52
Roadside
Assistance Program ................................. 604
Rocking Your Vehicle to Get it Out .............. 405
Routing, Engine Drive Belt .......................... 593
Running Boards, Power ............................... 131
Running the Engine While Parked ............... 161
S
Safety Belt
Passenger Reminder Light ....................... 245
Pretensioners ............................................. 60
Reminder Light ........................................ 244
Safety Belts
Care of .................................................... 556
Center Front Passenger Position ................ 53
Driver Position ........................................... 43
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ............ 43
Safety Belts (cont.)
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts ............................................ 42
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ............... 56
Rear Seat Passengers ............................... 54
Right Front Passenger Position .................. 52
Safety Belt Extender .................................. 60
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ............. 52
Safety Belts Are for Everyone .................... 38
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster .................... 51
Safety Warnings and Symbols ......................... 4
Scheduled Maintenance ............................... 579
Seats
60/40 Split Bench Seat .............................. 20
Bucket Seats, Rear .................................... 26
Center Seat ............................................... 19
Head Restraints ......................................... 18
Heated Seats ............................................. 12
Heated Seats - Rear .................................. 19
Manual ........................................................ 9
Memory, Mirrors and Pedals ...................... 13
Power Lumbar ........................................... 11
Power Seats .............................................. 10
Reclining Seatbacks ................................... 15
Third Row Seat ......................................... 33
Secondary Latch System ............................. 543
Securing a Child Restraint
Center Front Seat Position ......................... 85
Rear Seat Position ..................................... 82
Right Front Seat Position ........................... 85
Security Light .............................................. 258
Service ........................................................ 444
Accessories and Modifications .................. 444
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle ......................................... 446
California Proposition 65 Warning ............. 445
Doing Your Own Work ............................. 445
Engine Soon Light ................................... 253
Publications Ordering Information ............. 616
Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ....... 106
Sheet Metal Damage ................................... 560
Shifting Into Park (P) ................................... 157
Shifting Out of Park (P) ............................... 159
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................ 51
Signals, Turn and Lane-Change .................. 206
Snow Plow .................................................. 412
Spare Tire ................................................... 552
Installing .................................................. 537
Removing ................................................ 533
Storing ..................................................... 547
Specifications, Capacities ............................ 572
Speedometer ............................................... 244
631
Split Bench Seat (60/40) ............................... 20
StabiliTrak® System ..................................... 363
StabiliTrak® Indicator Light ........................... 252
Starting Your Engine ................................... 141
Steering ...................................................... 367
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ................... 351
Steering Wheel, Tilt Wheel .......................... 204
Storage Areas
Cargo Management System ..................... 194
Center Console Storage Area ................... 190
Cupholder(s) ............................................ 190
Glove Box ................................................ 190
Luggage Carrier ....................................... 191
Rear Seat Armrest ................................... 192
Rear Storage Area ................................... 192
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow ............... 404
Sun Visors .................................................. 134
Sunroof ....................................................... 197
System Identification, Universal Home
Remote System ....................................... 177
T
Tachometer ................................................. 244
Taillamps
Turn Signal, Stoplamps and
Back-up Lamps ..................................... 502
632
Theft-Deterrent, Radio ................................. 350
Theft-Deterrent Systems .............................. 135
Content Theft-Deterrent ............................ 135
PASS-Key® III+ ........................................ 137
PASS-Key® III+ Operation ........................ 137
Third Row Seat ............................................. 33
Tilt Wheel .................................................... 204
Time, Setting ............................. 291, 292, 293
Tire
Pressure Light .......................................... 253
Tires ........................................................... 507
Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels,
Cleaning ............................................... 559
Buying New Tires ..................................... 524
Chains ..................................................... 530
Changing a Flat Tire ................................ 532
Cleaning .................................................. 560
Different Size ........................................... 526
If a Tire Goes Flat ................................... 531
Inflation - Tire Pressure ............................ 515
Inspection and Rotation ............................ 521
Installing the Spare Tire ........................... 537
Pressure Monitor System ......................... 516
Removing the Flat Tire ............................. 537
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ......... 533
Secondary Latch System ......................... 543
Tires (cont.)
Spare Tire ................................................
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools .........
Tire Sidewall Labeling ..............................
Tire Terminology and Definitions ...............
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ....................
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ...........
Wheel Replacement .................................
When It Is Time for New Tires .................
Tow/Haul Mode ...........................................
Tow/Haul Mode Light ...................................
Towing
Recreational Vehicle .................................
Towing a Trailer .......................................
Your Vehicle .............................................
Traction
StabiliTrak® System .................................
Trailer
Recommendations ....................................
Transmission
Fluid, Automatic .......................................
Transmission Operation, Automatic ..............
Trip Odometer .............................................
Turn and Lane-Change Signals ...................
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ....................
552
547
508
512
527
528
528
523
149
259
418
422
417
363
440
466
145
244
206
205
U
Ultrasonic Rear Parking Assist (URPA) ........
Understanding Radio Reception ...................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading .......................
Universal Home Remote System .................
Operation ........................................ 178,
System Identification ................................
222
352
527
178
182
177
V
Vehicle
Control ..................................................... 360
Damage Warnings ....................................... 5
Loading .................................................... 407
Symbols ...................................................... 5
Vehicle Customization, DIC ......................... 280
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data
Recorders ................................................ 609
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) .......................................... 562
Service Parts Identification Label .............. 563
Ventilation Adjustment .................................. 238
Visors .......................................................... 134
Voltmeter Gage ........................................... 249
633
W
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ......... 242
Warnings
DIC Warnings and Messages ................... 270
Hazard Warning Flashers ......................... 204
Other Warning Devices ............................ 204
Safety and Symbols ..................................... 4
Vehicle Damage .......................................... 5
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance ..................... 528
Different Size ........................................... 526
Replacement ............................................ 528
Where to Put the Restraint ............................ 72
Windows ..................................................... 132
Power ...................................................... 133
Windshield
Backglass, and Wiper Blades,
Cleaning ............................................... 558
Rainsense™ II Wipers ............................. 208
634
Windshield (cont.)
Washer ....................................................
Washer Fluid ...........................................
Wiper Blade Replacement ........................
Wiper Fuses ............................................
Wipers .....................................................
Windshield, Rear Washer/Wiper ...................
Winter Driving .............................................
209
485
505
564
207
210
400
X
XM Radio Messages ................................... 335
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ......... 354
Y
Your Vehicle and the Environment ............... 576
Download PDF

advertising