Specifications | Chevrolet 2008 Avalanche Automobile User Manual

Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide
for Cisco CallManager 3.3
Cisco IP Phones 7902G, 7905G, and 7912G
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Text Part Number: OL-6313-01
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Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide for Cisco CallManager 3.3, Cisco IP Phones 7902G, 7905G, and 7912G
Copyright © 2000-2004 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
C ON T E NT S
Preface xi
Overview xi
Audience xi
Objectives xii
Organization xii
Related Documentation xiii
Obtaining Documentation xiv
World Wide Web xiv
Documentation CD-ROM xiv
Ordering Documentation xiv
Documentation Feedback xiv
Obtaining Technical Assistance xv
Cisco Connection Online xv
Technical Assistance Center xvi
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information xvii
Document Conventions xviii
CHAPTER
1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone 1-1
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7902G 1-2
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G 1-4
What Networking Protocols Are Used? 1-7
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone Models
7902G/7905G/7912G? 1-9
Feature Overview 1-9
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Configuring Telephony Features 1-10
Configuring Network Features Using the Cisco IP Phone 1-11
Providing Users with Feature Information 1-11
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone
Models 7902G/7905G/7912G 1-12
CHAPTER
2
Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on Your Network 2-1
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products 2-1
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with
Cisco CallManager 2-2
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the Cisco Catalyst
Family of Switches 2-3
Understanding the Phone Startup Process 2-4
Obtaining Power from the Switch 2-4
Loading the Stored Phone Image 2-5
Configuring VLAN 2-5
Obtaining an IP Address 2-5
Accessing TFTP Server 2-6
Requesting Configuration Files 2-6
Contacting Cisco CallManager 2-7
Guidelines for Configuring Ports on the Cisco IP Phone models
7902G/7905G/7912G 2-8
Connecting to the Network 2-8
Using the Network Port 2-8
Using the Access Port 2-9
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone 2-9
Power Source Design 2-10
Redundancy Feature 2-11
Connecting a Handset to a Cisco IP Phone 2-11
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database 2-12
Using Auto-Registration 2-12
Adding Phones Manually 2-14
Adding Phones Manually Using DHCP 2-14
Assigning Static IP Addresses 2-15
Using the Bulk Administration Tool 2-17
CHAPTER
3
Installing the Cisco IP Phone 3-1
Before You Begin 3-1
Network Requirements 3-2
Cisco CallManager Configuration 3-2
Safety 3-3
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network 3-4
Mounting the Phone to the Wall 3-8
Verifying the Phone Startup Process 3-9
Configuring Startup Network Settings 3-10
CHAPTER
4
Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone 4-1
Configuring Methods 4-1
Accessing Network Configuration Settings from a Cisco IP Phone 4-2
Accessing Network Configuration Settings through a Phone’s Web Page 4-3
Verifying Network Settings 4-4
Modifying DHCP Settings 4-9
Enabling DHCP 4-10
Disabling DHCP 4-11
Releasing a DHCP Address 4-13
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Configuring IP Settings 4-15
Assigning an IP Address 4-15
Assigning a Default Router 4-17
Assigning a Subnet Mask 4-19
Assigning a Domain Name 4-20
Assigning DNS Servers 4-22
Modifying VLAN Settings 4-24
Configuring VLAN Settings 4-25
Disabling VLAN 4-26
Configuring TFTP Options 4-28
Assigning a TFTP Sever 4-28
Enabling an Alternate TFTP Server 4-30
Assigning a Backup TFTP Server 4-31
Configuring CDP 4-32
CHAPTER
5
Configuring Users, Features, and Services 5-1
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration 5-2
Configuring Telephony Features for the Cisco IP Phone models
7902G/7905G/7912G 5-2
Adding Users to Cisco CallManager 5-7
Configuring the Corporate Directory 5-7
Setting Up Services 5-8
Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site 5-9
How Users Obtain Support for the Cisco IP Phone 5-9
How Users Get Copies of Cisco IP Phone Manuals 5-9
How Users Subscribe to Services and Configure Phone Features 5-10
How Users Configure Phone Features 5-11
How Users Access Voice Messages 5-11
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CHAPTER
6
Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone 6-1
Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information 6-2
Viewing Status Messages 6-2
Displaying Network Statistics 6-3
Verifying Model and Serial Number 6-5
Verifying Firmware Version 6-6
Monitoring Cisco IP Phones Remotely 6-7
Resetting the Cisco IP Phone 6-8
Erasing the Local Configuration 6-8
Updating the Firmware Version 6-10
Checking the Light Indicators on a Cisco IP Phone 7902G 6-11
Resolving Startup Problems 6-12
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Does Not Start Up 6-12
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Not Registering with Cisco CallManager 6-13
Registering the Phone with Cisco CallManager 6-14
Checking Network Connectivity 6-14
Verifying TFTP Server Settings 6-15
Verifying IP Addressing and Routing 6-15
Verifying DNS Settings 6-16
Verifying Cisco CallManager Settings 6-16
Cisco CallManager and TFTP Services Are Not Running 6-16
Creating a New Configuration File 6-17
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Resetting 6-18
Verifying Physical Connection 6-19
Identifying Intermittent Network Outages 6-19
Verifying DHCP Settings 6-19
Checking Static IP Address Settings 6-19
Verifying Voice VLAN Configuration 6-20
Verifying that the Phones Have Not Been Intentionally Reset 6-20
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Eliminating DNS or Other Connectivity Errors 6-20
Resolving Known Issues 6-21
Where to Go for More Information 6-23
APPENDIX
A
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures A-1
TFTP Configuring A-2
About Profile Files A-3
Creating or Updating a Profile File A-4
Profile File Conventions A-4
Editing a Profile File and Converting it to Binary Format A-5
Web Page Configuring A-6
Device Information A-8
Network Configuration A-8
Network Statistics A-10
Device Logs A-11
Configuration Parameters A-11
Network Parameters A-11
Tone Parameters A-16
Audio Parameters A-19
Profile File Parameters A-20
Specifying Firmware Upgrade Instructions for the Cisco IP Phone A-21
Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G A-22
IVR System Menu Codes A-22
Entering Data in the IVR System A-24
Navigating the IVR System A-26
Changing the Logo on the Cisco IP Phone LCD Screen A-27
Collecting Information for Troubleshooting A-30
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APPENDIX
B
Technical Specifications B-1
Physical and Operating Environment Specifications B-1
Cable Specifications B-2
Network Port Pinouts B-2
INDEX
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Preface
Overview
Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide for Cisco CallManager 3.3,
Cisco IP Phones 7902G, 7905G, and 7912G provides the information you need to
understand, install, configure, and manage the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G,
7905G, and 7912G on your network.
Audience
Network engineers, system administrators, or telecom engineers should review
this guide to learn the steps required to properly set up the Cisco IP Phone on the
network.
The tasks described are considered to be administration-level tasks and are not
intended for end-users of the phones. Many of the tasks involve configuring
network settings and affect the phone’s ability to function in the network.
Because of the close interaction between the Cisco IP Phone and
Cisco CallManager, these tasks require familiarity with Cisco CallManager.
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Preface
Objectives
Objectives
This guide provides the required steps to get the Cisco IP Phone up and running
on a Voice-over-IP (VoIP) network. Because of the complexity of an IP telephony
network, this guide does not provide complete and detailed information for
procedures that you need to perform on the Cisco CallManager application or
other network devices.
Organization
This guide is organized as follows:
Chapter
Description
Chapter 1, “An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone”
Provides a conceptual overview and description of
the Cisco IP Phone.
Chapter 2, “Preparing to Install the
Cisco IP Phone on Your Network”
Describes how the IP Phone interacts with other
key IP telephony components, and provides an
overview of the tasks required prior to installation.
Chapter 3, “Installing the Cisco IP Phone”
Describes how to properly and safely install and
configure the Cisco IP Phone on your network.
Chapter 4, “Configuring Network Settings on the
Cisco IP Phone”
Describes how to configure network settings,
verify status, and make global changes to the
Cisco IP Phone.
Chapter 5, “Configuring Users, Features, and
Services”
Provides an overview of procedures for adding
users to the network, configuring corporate
directories, and setting up web information
services.
Chapter 6, “Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone” Provides tips for troubleshooting the
Cisco IP Phones.
Appendix A, “Additional Configuration Methods, Describes alternative configuration methods for
Parameters, and Procedures”
the Cisco IP Phone.
Appendix B, “Technical Specifications”
Provides technical specifications of the
Cisco IP Phone.
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Preface
Related Documentation
Related Documentation
For more information about Cisco IP Phones, refer to the following publications,
which are available at this location:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/phones/index.html
•
Find Your Phone Guide on the Web
•
Cisco IP Phone 7902G Quick Start Guide
•
At a Glance Cisco IP Phone 7905G
•
At a Glance Cisco IP Phone 7912G
•
Cisco IP Phone 7902G User Guide for Cisco CallManager
•
Cisco IP Phone 7905G/7912G User Guide for Cisco CallManager
•
Cisco IP Phone 7905G Quick Reference Card for Cisco CallManager
•
Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco IP Phone 7900
Series
For more information about Cisco CallManager, refer to the following
publications, which are available at this location:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/voicesw/ps556/prod_technical_docum
entation.html
Cisco CallManager Administration
•
Cisco CallManager Administration Guide
•
Cisco CallManager System Guide
•
Cisco CallManager Serviceability Administration Guide
•
Cisco CallManager Serviceability System Guide
•
Bulk Administration Tool User Guide
Cisco IP Phones Services and Features
•
Cisco CallManager Features and Services Guide
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Preface
Obtaining Documentation
Obtaining Documentation
World Wide Web
You can access the most current Cisco documentation on the World Wide Web at
http://www.cisco.com, http://www-china.cisco.com, or
http://www-europe.cisco.com.
Documentation CD-ROM
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Ordering Documentation
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Nonregistered CCO users can order documentation through a local account
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Documentation Feedback
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You can e-mail your comments to bug-doc@cisco.com.
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Obtaining Technical Assistance
To submit your comments by mail, for your convenience many documents contain
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Obtaining Technical Assistance
You can access CCO in the following ways:
•
WWW: www.cisco.com
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Telnet: cco.cisco.com
•
Modem using standard connection rates and the following terminal settings:
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To display the TAC web site that includes links to technical support information
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Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
Information about Cisco products, technologies, and network solutions is
available from various online and printed sources.
•
The Cisco Product Catalog describes the networking products offered by
Cisco Systems, as well as ordering and customer support services. Access the
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http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_catalog_links_launch.html
•
Cisco Press publishes a wide range of networking publications. Cisco
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and Acronyms Dictionary, Internetworking Technology Handbook,
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Guide. For current Cisco Press titles and other information, go to Cisco Press
online at this URL:
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http://www.cisco.com/go/packet
•
iQ Magazine is the Cisco bimonthly publication that delivers the latest
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•
Internet Protocol Journal is a quarterly journal published by Cisco Systems
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operating public and private internets and intranets. You can access the
Internet Protocol Journal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/about/ac123/ac147/about_cisco_the_internet_
protocol_journal.html
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Document Conventions
•
Training—Cisco offers world-class networking training. Current offerings in
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Document Conventions
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boldface font
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Optional alternative keywords are grouped in brackets and separated by
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font
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Document Conventions
Caution
Means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could
result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Warnings use the following conventions:
Warning
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause
bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards
involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with standard practices for
preventing accidents. Use the statement number provided at the end of each
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accompanied this device. Statement 1071
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
Waarschuwing
BELANGRIJKE VEILIGHEIDSINSTRUCTIES
Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een situatie die
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SÄILYTÄ NÄMÄ OHJEET
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Document Conventions
Attention
IMPORTANTES INFORMATIONS DE SÉCURITÉ
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Utilizzare il numero di istruzione presente alla fine di ciascuna avvertenza per
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TA VARE PÅ DISSE INSTRUKSJONENE
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C H A P T E R
1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
The Cisco IP Phone provides functionality similar to that of a traditional analog
phone, but it must be configured and managed like other network devices.
The Cisco IP Phone supports G.711, G.729, G.729a, G.729b, and G.729ab audio
compression.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, page 1-2
•
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G, page 1-4
•
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone Models
7902G/7905G/7912G?, page 1-9
•
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP
Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G, page 1-12
Caution
Using a cell phone or mobile phone in close proximity to a Cisco IP Phone might
cause interference with the speakerphone on your Cisco IP Phone.
Caution
If you plan to power your phone locally (instead of receiving power through the
Ethernet connection), use only a Cisco 48V volt power supply designed to work
with a Cisco IP Phone.
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Chapter 1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
The Cisco IP Phone 7902G is a basic telephone that provides voice
communication over an IP (Internet Protocol) network. This phone allows you to
place and receive telephone calls and it supports features that you have come to
expect from a basic telephone—such as call hold, call waiting, call forward, call
transfer, redial, and conference calling.
The main components of the Cisco IP Phone 7902G are shown in Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-1
Cisco IP Phone 7902G Features
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
1
Cisco IP Phone Indicates the Cisco IP Phone Series to which your phone
series type
belongs.
2
Label and
plastic cover
3
Feature buttons Enable you to engage the Redial, Transfer, Conference,
and Messages functions.
Redial
A paper label, protected by a plastic cover, is used to
indicate your phone number. You can also note your
speed dial numbers on this label.
Transfer
Conference
Messages
4
Volume button
Increases or decreases volume for the handset. Also
controls the ring volume (if on-hook).
5
Hold button
Places an active call on hold, resumes a held call, or
switches between an active call and a held
call—depending on the line state.
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Chapter 1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
6
Menu button
Provides access to the Interactive Voice Response (IVR)
system.
7
Keypad
Works exactly like the keypad on a traditional telephone.
8
Handset with
indicator light
Functions like a traditional handset. The light strip at the
top of the handset blinks when the phone rings and
remains lit to indicate a new voice message (depending
on your voice messaging system).
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models
7905G/7912G
The Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G are designed primarily to fulfill
requirements for cost-effective IP telephony at the enterprise level, and for small
and medium-sized businesses and offices. They also are suitable for locations
where a single-line phone is needed, such as cafeterias, break rooms, lobbies, and
manufacturing floors.
The main components of the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G are shown in
Figure 1-2.
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
Figure 1-2
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912 Features
1
2
9
8
3
4
5
6
7
91031
10
1
LCD screen
2
Cisco IP Phone Indicates the Cisco IP Phone Series to which your phone
series type
belongs.
3
Softkeys
Displays features such as the time, date, your phone
number, caller ID, call status, and softkey tabs.
Enable you to engage any of the functions displayed on
the corresponding LCD screen tabs. Softkeys point to
feature options that are displayed along the bottom of
your LCD screen. Softkey functions change depending
on the status of your phone (for example, if the phone is
active or idle).
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Chapter 1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
4
Navigation
button
Enables you to scroll through text and select features
displayed on the LCD screen. Also provides access to
speed dial numbers when there are no text or features to
scroll through.
5
Menu button
Displays a menu that provides access to a voice
messaging system, phone logs and directories, settings,
and services.
6
Hold button
Puts a current call on hold or takes a call off hold.
7
Keypad
Works exactly like the keypad on a traditional telephone.
8
Volume button
Increases or decreases volume for the handset and
speaker. Also controls the ringer volume (if on-hook).
9
Handset
Functions like a traditional handset. The light strip at the
top of the handset blinks when the phone rings and
remains lit to indicate a new voice message (depending
on your voice messaging system).
10
Footstand
Allows the phone to stand at a convenient angle on a desk
or table.
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Chapter 1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
What Networking Protocols Are Used?
What Networking Protocols Are Used?
Cisco IP Phones support several industry-standard and Cisco networking
protocols for voice communication. Table 1-1 provides an overview of the
networking protocols that the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G
supports.
Table 1-1
Supported Networking Protocols on the Cisco IP Phone
Networking Protocol
Purpose
Usage Notes
Cisco Discovery
Protocol (CDP)
CDP is a device-discovery protocol that
runs on all Cisco-manufactured
equipment.
The Cisco IP Phone uses CDP to
communicate information such as
auxiliary VLAN ID, per port
power management details, and
Quality of Service (QoS)
configuration information with the
Cisco Catalyst switch.
Using CDP, a device can advertise its
existence to other devices and receive
information about other devices in the
network.
Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol
(DHCP)
DHCP dynamically allocates and assigns DHCP is enabled by default. If
disabled, you must manually
an IP address to network devices.
configure the IP address, subnet
DHCP enables you to connect an IP
mask, gateway, and an TFTP
phone into the network and have the
server on each phone locally.
phone become operational without you
needing to manually assign an IP address Cisco recommends that you use
DHCP custom option 150. With
or configure additional network
this method, you configure the
parameters.
TFTP server IP address as the
option value. For additional
supported DCHP configurations,
see Cisco CallManager System
Guide.
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Chapter 1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
What Networking Protocols Are Used?
Table 1-1
Supported Networking Protocols on the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Networking Protocol
Purpose
Usage Notes
Internet Protocol (IP)
IP is a messaging protocol that addresses To communicate using IP,
and sends packets across the network.
network devices must have an
assigned IP address, subnet, and
gateway.
IP addresses, subnets, and
gateways identifications are
automatically assigned if you are
using the Cisco IP Phone with
Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP). If you are not
using DHCP, you must manually
assign these properties to each
phone locally.
Real-Time Transport
(RTP)
RTP is a standard for transporting
real-time data, such as interactive voice
and video, over data networks.
Cisco IP Phones use the RTP
protocol to send and receive
real-time voice traffic from other
phones and gateways.
Transmission Control
Protocol (TCP)
TCP is a a connection-oriented transport
protocol.
Cisco IP Phones use TCP to
connect to Cisco CallManager
and to access XML services.
Trivial File Transfer
Protocol (TFTP)
TFTP allows you to transfer files over the TFTP requires a TFTP server in
your network, which can be
network.
automatically identified from the
On the Cisco IP Phone, TFTP enables
DHCP server. If more than one
you to obtain a configuration file specific
TFTP server is running in your
to the phone type.
network, you must manually
assign a TFTP server to each
phone locally.
User Datagram Protocol UDP is a connectionless messaging
(UDP)
protocol for delivery of data packets.
Cisco IP Phones receive and
process UDP messages.
Related Topics
•
Modifying DHCP Settings, page 4-9
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G?
•
Configuring TFTP Options, page 4-28
•
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products,
page 2-1
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone
Models 7902G/7905G/7912G?
The Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G function much like traditional
analog phones, allowing you to place and receive telephone calls.
In addition to traditional telephony features, the Cisco IP Phone includes features
that enable you to administer and monitor the phone as a network device.
This section includes the following topics:
•
Feature Overview, page 1-9
•
Configuring Telephony Features, page 1-10
•
Configuring Network Features Using the Cisco IP Phone, page 1-11
•
Providing Users with Feature Information, page 1-11
Feature Overview
Cisco IP Phones provide traditional telephony functionality, such as call
forwarding and transferring, redialing, speed dialing, conference calling, and
voice messaging system access. Cisco IP phones also provide a variety of other
features. For an overview telephony features the Cisco IP Phone models
7902G/7905G/7912G support, and for tips on configuring them, see the
“Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration”
section on page 5-2.
Like other network devices, you must configure the Cisco IP Phones to prepare
them to access Cisco CallManager and the rest of the IP network. Using DHCP,
you have fewer settings to modify, but you can choose to assign a static IP if your
network requires it. For instructions on configuring the network settings on the
Cisco IP Phones, see Chapter 4, “Configuring Network Settings on the
Cisco IP Phone.”
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Chapter 1
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G?
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
The Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G can integrate with the corporate
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol 3 (LDAP3) standard directory to enable
users to search for co-workers contact information directly from their IP phones.
For information about configuring this feature, see the “Configuring the
Corporate Directory” section on page 5-7.
Because the Cisco IP Phone is a network device, you can obtain detailed status
information from it directly. This information can assist you in troubleshooting
any problems users might encounter when using their IP phones. See Chapter 6,
“Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone” for tips on using this information.
Related Topics
•
Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone, page 4-1
•
Configuring Users, Features, and Services, page 5-1
•
Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone, page 6-1
Configuring Telephony Features
You can modify additional settings from the Cisco CallManager Administration
application. Use this web-based application to set up phone registration criteria
and calling search spaces, to configure corporate directories, and to modify phone
button templates, among other tasks. See the “Configuring Telephony Features
Using Cisco CallManager Administration” section on page 5-2 and the
Cisco CallManager Administration Guide for additional information.
If you are not familiar with the Cisco CallManager Administration application,
use the context-sensitive help that is available within the application for guidance.
You can access context-sensitive help by choosing Help > For this screen from
the main menu bar.
This guide provides partial instructions for procedures that involve
Cisco CallManager Administration. These instructions are intended to point you
to the appropriate window in the Cisco CallManager application and to provide
some initial guidance.
For detailed information about using Cisco CallManager, refer to the
Cisco CallManager documentation suite that is available at this location:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_callmg/index.htm
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G?
Related Topic
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 5-2
Configuring Network Features Using the Cisco IP Phone
You can locally configure features such as DHCP, TFTP, and IP settings on the
phone itself. You can also obtain statistics about a current call or firmware
versions on the phone.
For more information about configuring features and viewing statistics from the
phone, see Chapter 4, “Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone” and
Chapter 6, “Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone.”
Related Topics
•
Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone, page 4-1
•
Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone, page 6-1
Providing Users with Feature Information
If you are a system administrator, you are likely the primary source of information
for Cisco IP Phone users in your network or company. To ensure that you
distribute the most current feature and procedural information, familiarize
yourself with Cisco IP Phone documentation. Make sure to visit the
Cisco IP Phone web site:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_ipphon/ip_clmgr/engl
ish/index.htm.
From this site, you can view and order various user guides, including wallet cards.
For complete ordering information, see the “Obtaining Documentation” section
on page xiv.
In addition to providing documentation, it is important to inform users of
available Cisco IP Phone features—including features specific to your company
or network—and of how to access and customize those features, if appropriate.
For a summary of some of the key information that phone users need their system
administrators to provide, see the “Providing Information to Users Via a Web
Site” section on page 5-9.
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Chapter 1 An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Related Topic
•
Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site, page 5-9
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and
Configuring the Cisco IP Phone Models
7902G/7905G/7912G
To install and configure the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G, you
must configure some network settings, set up Cisco CallManager, and make
changes locally on the phone.
Refer to Table 1-2 for an overview of required procedures. For detailed
information about these steps, refer to the sources shown.
Note
Table 1-2
You can specify additional configuration settings using profile files stored on the
TFTP server. For more information, see Appendix A, “Additional Configuration
Methods, Parameters, and Procedures.”
Overview of Configuration Procedures for the Cisco IP Phone
Required Task
1.
If the Cisco IP Phone model that
you want to configure does not
appear in the Phone Type
drop-down list in
Cisco CallManager, go to the
following URL and install the
latest support patch for your
version of Cisco CallManager:
Purpose
For More Information
The support patch allows
Refer to instructions on the
Cisco CallManager to identify same web page as the
a Cisco IP Phone.
support patch.
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/
tablebuild.pl/callmgr-33
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Table 1-2
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Overview of Configuration Procedures for the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Required Task
2.
Gather the following information
about the phone:
•
Model
•
MAC address
•
Physical location of the phone
•
Cisco CallManager user to
associate with the phone
•
Partition, calling search space,
and location information, if
used
•
Number of lines and
associated directory numbers
to assign to the phone
•
Features to be added and
configured to the phone
Purpose
For More Information
Required to configure
See the following:
Cisco CallManager to support • “Adding Phones to the
the Cisco IP Phones.
Cisco CallManager
Database” section on
page 2-12
•
“Configuring
Telephony Features
Using
Cisco CallManager
Administration” section
on page 5-2
•
Cisco CallManager
System Guide
•
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide
3.
Configure routers, gateways, and
switches to handle voice
communication.
Establishes the infrastructure
for the IP telephony network.
See the “Understanding
How the Cisco IP Phone
Interacts with the
Cisco Catalyst Family of
Switches” section on
page 2-3 and the
documentation included
with these devices.
4.
Add the phone to
Cisco CallManager.
Provides call processing in the See the “Adding Phones to
IP telephony network.
the Cisco CallManager
Database” section on
page 2-12 and refer to
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
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Chapter 1 An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Table 1-2
Overview of Configuration Procedures for the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Required Task
Purpose
For More Information
5.
Choose to auto-register phones,
add them to the Cisco CallManager
database manually, or use the
Bulk Administration Tool (BAT) to
add many phones to the database
simultaneously.
Determines how the phone is
added to Cisco CallManager
and how the directory number
is assigned.
See the “Adding Phones to
the Cisco CallManager
Database” section on
page 2-12 and refer to
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
6.
Choose to power through the
Cisco AC adapter or
Cisco Catalyst switch.
Determines whether the phone
receives power from an
external power source over a
power cord or from the in-line
power source over the Ethernet
cable.
See the “Providing Power to
the Cisco IP Phone” section
on page 2-9 or the
documentation included
with the Cisco Catalyst
switch.
7.
Install the phone in the network.
Adds the phone to the network. See Chapter 3, “Installing
the Cisco IP Phone”.
8.
Configure network settings on the
Cisco IP Phone.
Sets IP settings (if not using
DHCP in the network) and
assigns a TFTP server.
9.
Configure the phone features such Provides enhanced telephony
as call waiting, call forward, call
functionality.
park, and call pickup.
10. Configure directories.
Note
This task does not apply to the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
Integrates with a LDAP3
standard directory, enabling
users to search through a
corporate directory.
See the “Configuring IP
Settings” section on
page 4-15 and the
“Configuring TFTP
Options” section on
page 4-28.
See the “Configuring
Telephony Features Using
Cisco CallManager
Administration” section on
page 5-2 and refer to
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
See the “Configuring the
Corporate Directory”
section on page 5-7 or refer
to Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
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Chapter 1
Table 1-2
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Overview of Configuration Procedures for the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Required Task
Purpose
11. Configure Cisco IP Phone services. Allows users to quickly access
Note
This task does not apply to the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
information such as weather
quotes, stocks quotes, or other
web-based information that
uses extensible-markup
language (XML).
For More Information
See the “Setting Up
Services” section on
page 5-8 and refer to
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
Integrates with an LDAP3
standard directory, enabling
users to search through a
corporate directory.
See the “Configuring the
Corporate Directory”
section on page 5-7 and
refer to Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
13. Add users to Cisco CallManager.
Associates a user with a
phone, enabling access to the
User Options web-based
application where users set up
features such as call
forwarding and speed dial, and
subscribe to services.
See the “Adding Users to
Cisco CallManager” section
on page 5-7 and refer to
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide or the
Cisco CallManager
application online help.
14. Provide information to end users
Ensures that users have
adequate information to
successfully use their
Cisco IP Phones.
See the “Providing
Information to Users Via a
Web Site” section on
page 5-9.
12. Configure directories.
Note
This task does not apply to the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
about how to use their phones and
how to configure their phone
options.
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Chapter 1 An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G
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C H A P T E R
2
Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone
on Your Network
Cisco IP Phones enable you to communicate using voice over a data network. To
provide this capability, the IP Phones depend upon and interact with several other
key Cisco IP Telephony components, including Cisco CallManager.
These sections provide you with an important overview of the interaction between
the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G and other key components of the
Voice over IP (VoIP) network:
•
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products,
page 2-1
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Guidelines for Configuring Ports on the Cisco IP Phone models
7902G/7905G/7912G, page 2-8
•
Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database, page 2-12
Understanding Interactions with Other
Cisco IP Telephony Products
To function in the IP telephony network, the Cisco IP Phone must be connected
to a networking device, such as a Cisco Catalyst switch. You must also register
the Cisco IP Phone with a Cisco CallManager system before sending and
receiving calls.
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Chapter 2 Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on Your Network
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products
This section covers the following topics:
•
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with Cisco CallManager,
page 2-2
•
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the Cisco Catalyst
Family of Switches, page 2-3
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with
Cisco CallManager
Cisco CallManager is an open and industry-standard call processing system.
Cisco CallManager software runs on a Windows 2000 server and sets up and tears
down calls between phones, integrating traditional PBX functionality with the
corporate IP network. Cisco CallManager manages the components of the IP
telephony system—the phones, access gateways, and the resources necessary for
such features as call conferencing and route planning.
For information about configuring Cisco CallManager to work with the IP devices
described in this chapter, refer to Cisco CallManager Administration Guide and
Cisco CallManager System Guide.
Note
If the Cisco IP Phone model that you want to configure does not appear in the
Phone Type drop-down list in Cisco CallManager, go to the following URL and
install the latest support patch for your version of Cisco CallManager:
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/callmgr-33
Related Topic
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 5-2
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Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the
Cisco Catalyst Family of Switches
The Cisco IP Phone 7912G has an internal Ethernet switch, enabling it to switch
incoming traffic to the phone, the access port, or to the network port (see the
“Connecting to the Network” section on page 2-8 for details). The Cisco IP Phone
models 7902G/7905G do not include an internal Ethernet switch or an access port.
If a computer is connected to the access port, the computer and the phone share
the same physical link to the switch and the same port on the switch.
This shared physical link has the following implications for the VLAN
configuration on the network:
•
The current VLANs might be configured on an IP subnet basis. However,
additional IP addresses may not be available to assign the phone to the same
subnet as other devices connected to the same port.
•
Data traffic present on the VLAN supporting phones might reduce the quality
of Voice-over-IP traffic.
You can resolve these issues by isolating the voice traffic onto a separate VLAN
on each of the ports connected to a phone. The switch port configured for
connecting a phone would have separate VLANs configured for carrying:
•
Voice traffic to and from the IP phone (auxiliary VLAN)
•
Data traffic to and from the PC connected to the switch through the access
port of the IP phone (native VLAN)
Isolating the phones on a separate, auxiliary VLAN increases the quality of the
voice traffic and allows a large number of phones to be added to an existing
network where there are not enough IP addresses.
For more information, refer to the documentation included with the
Cisco Catalyst switch.
Related Topics
•
Connecting to the Network, page 2-8
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Modifying VLAN Settings, page 4-24
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Understanding the Phone Startup Process
Understanding the Phone Startup Process
When connecting to the VoIP network, the Cisco IP Phone goes through a
standard startup process composed of up to seven steps. Depending on your
specific network configuration, not all of these steps may occur on your
Cisco IP Phone.
Each of these steps is described in the sections that follow:
•
Obtaining Power from the Switch, page 2-4
•
Loading the Stored Phone Image, page 2-5
•
Configuring VLAN, page 2-5
•
Obtaining an IP Address, page 2-5
•
Accessing TFTP Server, page 2-6
•
Requesting Configuration Files, page 2-6
•
Contacting Cisco CallManager, page 2-7
Related Topics
•
Verifying the Phone Startup Process, page 3-9
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
Obtaining Power from the Switch
You can connect the Cisco IP Phone to a Cisco Catalyst switch with one of the
modules that provides power to the phone (WS-X6348-RJ45V). See the
“Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone” section on page 2-9 for details.
If you use this optional configuration, the phone receives phantom power and
powers up when you connect the Cisco IP Phone to the switch. The phone then
sends Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) notifications to the switch indicating it is
ready to receive CDP packets and indicating the power requirement for the phone.
The switch allocates power and sends it over the network cable.
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Understanding the Phone Startup Process
Related Topics
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone, page 2-9
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
Loading the Stored Phone Image
The Cisco IP Phone has non-volatile Flash memory in which it stores firmware
images and user-defined preferences. At startup, the phone runs a bootstrap loader
that loads a phone image stored in Flash memory. Using this image, the phone
initializes its software and hardware.
Related Topics
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
Configuring VLAN
If the Cisco IP Phone is connected to a Cisco Catalyst switch, the switch next
informs the phone of the voice VLAN defined on the switch. The phone needs to
know its VLAN membership before it can proceed with the Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) request for an IP address.
Related Topics
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Modifying VLAN Settings, page 4-24
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
Obtaining an IP Address
If the Cisco IP Phone is using DHCP to obtain an IP address, the phone queries
the DHCP server to obtain one. If you are not using DHCP in your network, you
must assign static IP addresses to each phone locally.
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Understanding the Phone Startup Process
Related Topics
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Modifying DHCP Settings, page 4-9
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
Accessing TFTP Server
In addition to assigning an IP address, the DHCP server directs the
Cisco IP Phone to a TFTP Server. If the phone has a statically defined IP address,
you must configure the TFTP server locally on the phone; the phone then contacts
the TFTP server directly.
Related Topics
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Configuring TFTP Options, page 4-28
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
Requesting Configuration Files
The TFTP server has configuration files (.cnf file format or .cnf.xml) for
telephony devices, which define parameters for connecting to Cisco CallManager.
In general, any time you make a change in Cisco CallManager that requires the
phone (device) to be reset, a change has been made to the phone's configuration
file.
The .cnf.xml file also contains the information that tells the phone which image
load it should be running. If this image load differs from the one currently loaded
on the phone, the phone contacts the TFTP server to request the new image file.
The phone first requests the file SEPxxxxxxxxxxxx.cnf.xml, where each xx is the
two-digit lowercase hexadecimal representation of each integer in the phone’s
MAC address. If the phone cannot find this file, it requests the files
XMLDefault.cnf.xml and SEDDefault.cnf.
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Understanding the Phone Startup Process
After the phone obtains one of the .cnf.xml files or the .cnf file, the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G requests the profile file ffxxxxxxxxxxxx, the
Cisco IP Phone 7905G requests the profile file ldxxxxxxxxxxxx, and the
Cisco IP Phone 7912G requests the profile file gkxxxxxxxxxxxx, where each xx is
the two-digit lowercase hexadecimal representation of each integer in the phone’s
MAC address. If a phone cannot find this profile file, it requests the profile file
ffdefault.cfg for the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, the profile file lddefault.cfg for the
Cisco IP Phone 7905G, or the profile file gkdefault.cfg for the Cisco IP Phone
7912G. For more information about profile files, see Appendix A, “Additional
Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures.”
After the phone finds one of the profile files, or if it cannot find a profile file, it
continues with its startup process.
Related Topics
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
Contacting Cisco CallManager
The configuration file defines how the Cisco IP Phone communicates with
Cisco CallManager. After obtaining the file from the TFTP server, the phone
attempts to make a TCP connection to the highest priority Cisco CallManager on
the list.
If the phone was manually added to the database, Cisco CallManager identifies
the phone. If the phone was not manually added to the database and
auto-registration is enabled in Cisco CallManager, the phone attempts to
auto-register itself in the Cisco CallManager database.
Cisco CallManager informs devices using .cnf format configuration files of their
load ID. Devices using .xml format configuration files receive the load ID in the
configuration file.
Related Topics
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-4
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Guidelines for Configuring Ports on the
Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Cisco IP Phones include ports for connecting the phones to the network and for
providing power to the phones. These sections provide tips for configuring these
ports:
•
Connecting to the Network, page 2-8
•
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone, page 2-9
Connecting to the Network
The Cisco IP Phone 7912G has two RJ-45 ports labelled “network” and “access.”
The Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G have one RJ-45 port. Each port
supports 10/100 Mbps half- or full-duplex connections to external devices. You
can use either Category 3 or 5 cabling for 10-Mbps connections, but you must use
Category 5 for 100 Mbps connections. On both the network port and access port,
use full-duplex mode to avoid collisions.
See Figure 3-1 for the connection ports available on the back of the Cisco IP
Phone models 7902G/7905G. See Figure 3-2 for the connection ports available on
the back of the Cisco IP Phone 7912G
Related Topics
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
•
Using the Network Port, page 2-8
•
Using the Access Port, page 2-9
Using the Network Port
Use the network port to connect the phone to the network. You must use a
straight-through cable on this port. The phone can also obtain inline power from
the Cisco Catalyst switch over this connection. See the “Providing Power to the
Cisco IP Phone” section on page 2-9 for details.
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Related Topics
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
•
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone, page 2-9
Using the Access Port
Use the access port to connect a network device, such as a computer, to the phone.
You must use a straight-through cable on this port.
Related Topic
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone
You can power a Cisco IP Phone from an external power supply, from a switch
port, or from a power source between the phone and the switch.
The Cisco IP Phone can be powered by the following sources:
•
External power—optional Cisco AC adapter and power cord for connecting
to a standard wall receptacle.
•
Inline power—inline power provider to the Cisco IP Phone when connected
to a Cisco Catalyst switch capable of providing inline power.
Note
•
Only the network port supports inline power from the
Cisco Catalyst switches.
WS-PWR-PANEL—power patch panel that allows the Cisco IP Phone to be
connected to existing Catalyst 4000, 5000, and 6000 family 10/100BaseTX
switching modules.
This module sends power on pins 4, 5, 7, & 8, which are not used for Ethernet
signaling. The power patch panel also attempts to verify that the attached
device is a Cisco IP Phone before providing power.
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Related Topics
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
•
Connecting to the Network, page 2-8
•
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products,
page 2-1
•
Power Source Design, page 2-10
•
Redundancy Feature, page 2-11
Power Source Design
The phone and switch automatically determine which power source the phone
uses. If the power has to be switched to a different source, the phone user will
experience different results based on which power source is being used by the
phone.
Use the following information to choose a power source for the phone:
•
If you plug a phone into the optional power supply before plugging it into the
network, the phone is powered by the power supply.
•
If you then unplug the phone from the power supply, the phone resets. If the
switch port is configured for 10/100 Mbps, the switch recognizes the loss of
power and brings the phone back up.
•
If the switch port is configured for 10 Mbps only, then you must unplug the
network connection and plug it back into the phone for the switch to
recognize the phone’s loss of power.
•
If, however, you plugged the network connection into the phone before you
plugged in the power cord, the phone receives power through the switch, and
unplugging the power cord will not bring down the phone. If the switch
reboots, the phone will then be powered by the power cord.
Related Topics
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
•
Connecting to the Network, page 2-8
•
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products,
page 2-1
•
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone, page 2-9
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G
Redundancy Feature
For redundancy, you can use the Cisco AC adapter even if you are using inline
power from the Cisco Catalyst switches. The Cisco IP Phone can share the power
load being used from the inline power and external power source. If either the
inline power or the external power goes down, the phone can switch entirely to the
other power source.
To use this redundancy feature:
1.
Set the inline power mode to auto on the Cisco Catalyst switch.
2.
Connect the unpowered Cisco IP Phone to the network.
3.
Connect the external power supply to the phone after the phone powers up.
Related Topics
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
•
Connecting to the Network, page 2-8
•
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products,
page 2-1
•
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone, page 2-9
Connecting a Handset to a Cisco IP Phone
Each Cisco IP Phone includes a handset designed especially for use with the
phone. These handsets are interchangeable among Cisco IP Phone models. The
handsets include a light strip used to indicate voice messages waiting.
To place and answer calls using a handset, plug the included handset into the back
of the phone base (see the “Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network”
section on page 3-4 for details) and pick up the handset.
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Before installing any Cisco IP phones, you must make decisions about how you
want the phones to be added to the Cisco CallManager database. Because
Cisco CallManager handles call processing in the network, this is a critical step.
You can add phones to the Cisco CallManager database automatically using
auto-registration, manually using the Cisco CallManager Administration
application, or in groups with the Bulk Administration Tool (BAT).
Once you add a Cisco IP phone using the Cisco CallManager Administration
application, the Phone Configuration Window in the application displays the
device name, registration status, and the IP address of the Cisco CallManager to
which the device is registered.
This section covers the following topics:
Tip
•
Using Auto-Registration, page 2-12
•
Adding Phones Manually, page 2-14
•
Using the Bulk Administration Tool, page 2-17
To get help using the Cisco CallManager application, access context-sensitive
help by choosing Help > For this page from the main menu bar. For complete
instructions and conceptual information, refer to Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide and Cisco CallManager System Guide.
Using Auto-Registration
Use auto-registration if you want Cisco CallManager to assign directory numbers
automatically to new phones as they connect to the IP telephony network. Once a
phone has auto-registered, you can move it to a new location and assign it to a
different device pool without affecting its directory number.
With auto-registration enabled, Cisco CallManager begins the automatic startup
process to obtain a directory number as soon as you connect the Cisco IP Phone
to the network. During auto-registration, Cisco CallManager automatically
assigns the next available sequential directory number to the phone.
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Use auto-registration to quickly get all phones into the Cisco CallManager
database. You can then modify any settings, such as the directory numbers, from
Cisco CallManager. If you do not use auto-registration, you must manually add
phones to the Cisco CallManager database or use the Bulk Administration Tool
(BAT).
Use the following procedure as a starting point to enable auto-registration using
the Cisco CallManager Administration application. For additional information,
access context-sensitive help from the application or refer to Cisco CallManager
documentation.
Procedure
Step 1
Log in to the Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Step 2
From the menu bar, choose System > Cisco CallManager.
The Cisco CallManager Configuration window appears.
Step 3
Verify that the “Auto-registration disabled on this Cisco CallManager” setting is
not checked. Cisco CallManager disables the auto-registration by default to
prevent unauthorized connections to the network.
Step 4
To modify phone settings, choose Device > Phone. Use the Find and List Phones
window to enter search criteria for each phone.
Step 5
Install the phone by following the instructions in Chapter 3, “Installing the
Cisco IP Phone.”
Step 6
To configure additional phone features, see the “Configuring Telephony Features
Using Cisco CallManager Administration” section on page 5-2 for details.
Related Topics
•
Adding Phones Manually, page 2-14
•
Using the Bulk Administration Tool, page 2-17
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 5-2
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Adding Phones Manually
If you want to assign specific directory numbers to a specific Cisco IP Phone
without using auto-registration, you can manually add each phone to the
Cisco CallManager database or use the Bulk Administration Tool (BAT).
If you want to add phones manually, and are not using Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) in your network, then you must configure the IP
settings and Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server locally on each phone.
Alternatively, if you use DHCP, but want to manually set the TFTP server, then
allow the phone to start up, using DHCP, before re-assigning the TFTP server.
See these topics for more information:
•
Adding Phones Manually Using DHCP, page 2-14
•
Assigning Static IP Addresses, page 2-15
Adding Phones Manually Using DHCP
If you are using DHCP in your network, but you are not using auto-registration,
you can manually add a phone to the Cisco CallManager database. If you are
using DHCP, you do not need to assign IP addresses or TFTP servers.
Use the following procedure as a starting point to add phones manually using the
Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Procedure
Step 1
Log in to the Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Step 2
From the menu bar, choose Device > Add a New Device.
The Add a New Device window appears.
Step 3
Select Phone from the Device Type drop-down menu and click Next.
The Add a New Phone window appears.
Step 4
Select a phone type from the drop-down menu and click Next.
The Phone Configuration window appears. The fields displayed in this window
depend upon the phone type selected.
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Step 5
Step 6
In the Phone Configuration window, you must enter information in the following
fields:
•
MAC Address
•
Device Pool
Click Insert.
The Cisco CallManager Administration application asks if you want to assign a
directory number.
Step 7
To configure additional phone features, see the “Configuring Telephony Features
Using Cisco CallManager Administration” section on page 5-2 for details.
For additional information, access context-sensitive help from the application or
refer to Cisco CallManager documentation.
Related Topics
•
Using Auto-Registration, page 2-12
•
Assigning Static IP Addresses, page 2-15
•
Using the Bulk Administration Tool, page 2-17
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 5-2
Assigning Static IP Addresses
If you do not use DHCP in your network, you must assign static IP addresses to
each phone. You must configure each phone locally.
Use the following procedure as a starting point to add phones manually using the
Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Procedure
Step 1
Log in to the Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Step 2
From the menu bar, choose Device > Add a New Device.
The Add a New Device window appears.
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Step 3
Select Phone from the Device Type drop-down menu and click Next.
The Add a New Phone window appears.
Step 4
Select a phone type from the drop-down menu and click Next.
The Phone Configuration window appears. The fields displayed in this window
depend upon the phone type selected.
Step 5
Step 6
In the Phone Configuration window, enter information in the following fields:
•
MAC Address
•
Device Pool
Click Insert.
The Cisco CallManager Administration application asks if you want to assign a
directory number.
Step 7
Enter information in the required fields.
Step 8
Install the phone by following the instructions in the Chapter 3, “Installing the
Cisco IP Phone.”
Step 9
Configure the IP settings by following the instructions in the “Configuring IP
Settings” section on page 4-15.
Step 10
Configure the TFTP server by following the instructions in the “Configuring
TFTP Options” section on page 4-28.
Step 11
To configure additional phone features, see the “Configuring Telephony Features
Using Cisco CallManager Administration” section on page 5-2 for details.
Related Topics
•
Using Auto-Registration, page 2-12
•
Adding Phones Manually Using DHCP, page 2-14
•
Using the Bulk Administration Tool, page 2-17
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 5-2
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Using the Bulk Administration Tool
The Cisco Bulk Administration Tool (BAT) is a plug-in application for
Cisco CallManager that enables system administrators to perform batch
operations, including registration, on large numbers of Cisco IP Phones.
Refer to Bulk Administration Tool Guide for Cisco CallManager for information
about using BAT in your network.
Related Topics
•
Using Auto-Registration, page 2-12
•
Adding Phones Manually, page 2-14
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 5-2
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
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C H A P T E R
3
Installing the Cisco IP Phone
These topics help you install the Cisco IP Phone on an IP telephony network:
Note
•
Before You Begin, page 3-1
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
•
Mounting the Phone to the Wall, page 3-8
•
Verifying the Phone Startup Process, page 3-9
•
Configuring Startup Network Settings, page 3-10
For each Cisco IP phone that you install in your network, you must first make
some critical decisions about how to configure the phone in your network. You
can then safely install the phone and verify its functionality. For information on
preparing to install, see Chapter 2, “Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on
Your Network.”
Before You Begin
Before installing the Cisco IP Phone, review the requirements in these sections:
•
Network Requirements, page 3-2
•
Cisco CallManager Configuration, page 3-2
•
Safety, page 3-3
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Chapter 3
Installing the Cisco IP Phone
Before You Begin
Network Requirements
For the Cisco IP Phone to successfully operate as a Cisco IP Phone endpoint in
your network, your network must meet the following requirements:
•
Working VoIP Network
– Voice over IP (VoIP) configured on your Cisco routers and gateways
– Cisco CallManager Release 3.3 or higher installed in your network and
configured to handle call processing
•
IP network that supports DHCP or manual assignment of IP address, gateway,
and subnet mask
Cisco CallManager Configuration
The Cisco IP Phone requires Cisco CallManager to handle call processing. Refer
to the Cisco CallManager Administration Guide or context-sensitive help in the
Cisco CallManager application to ensure that Cisco CallManager is set up
properly to manage the phone and to properly route and process calls.
If you plan to use auto-registration, verify that it is enabled and properly
configured in Cisco CallManager before connecting any Cisco IP Phone to the
network. See the “Using Auto-Registration” section on page 2-12 for details.
You must use Cisco CallManager to configure and assign telephony features to
the Cisco IP Phones. See the “Configuring Telephony Features Using
Cisco CallManager Administration” section on page 5-2 for details.
In Cisco CallManager, you can add users to the database and associate them with
specific phones. By doing this, users gain access to web pages that allow them to
configure phone options such as call forwarding and speed dialing. See the
“Adding Users to Cisco CallManager” section on page 5-7 for details.
Note
If the Cisco IP Phone model that you want to configure does not appear in the
Phone Type drop-down list in Cisco CallManager, go to the following URL and
install the latest support patch for your version of Cisco CallManager:
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/callmgr-33
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Installing the Cisco IP Phone
Before You Begin
Safety
Review the following warnings before installing the Cisco IP Phone. To see
translations of these warnings, refer to the Regulatory Compliance and Safety
Information for the Cisco IP Phone 7900 Series document that accompanied this
device.
Warning
Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power
source.
Warning
Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or
service this equipment.
Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national
laws and regulations.
Warning
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of
lightning activity.
Warning
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuits
to telephone network voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits,
and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45
connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
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Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
The following warnings apply when you use an external power supply.
Warning
This product relies on the building's installation for short-circuit (overcurrent)
protection. Ensure that a fuse or circuit breaker no larger than 120 VAC, 15 A U.S.
(240 VAC, 10 A international) is used on the phase conductors (all
current-carrying conductors).
Warning
The device is designed to work with TN power systems.
Warning
The plug-socket combination must be accessible at all times because it serves
as the main disconnecting device.
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
You must connect the Cisco IP Phone to the network and to a power source before
using it. See Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2 for graphical overviews of the procedures
that follow.
To install a Cisco IP Phone, perform these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Connect a Category 3 or 5 straight-through Ethernet cable from the switch to the
network port on the phone.
See the “Connecting to the Network” section on page 2-8 for guidelines. Each
Cisco IP Phone ships with one Ethernet cable in the box.
Step 2
Connect the handset to its port.
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Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
Step 3
Connect a Category 3 or 5 straight-through Ethernet cable from another network
device, such as a desktop computer, to the access port on the Cisco IP Phone
7912G (optional).
See the “Connecting to the Network” section on page 2-8 for guidelines.
Note
Step 4
This option is not available on the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G.
Connect the power supply to the Cisco DC Adapter port (optional).
See the “Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone” section on page 2-9.
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Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
Figure 3-1
Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G Cable Connections
3
2
4
79976
5
1
1
Network (Ethernet) port
(10BASE-T)
4
Power supply with DC output
connector. (Optional. Required
only if power is not supplied
through an Ethernet connection.)
2
Handset port
5
Power cable with wall AC plug.
Provided if your phone uses
external power.
3
DC adapter port (DC48V)
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Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
Figure 3-2
Cisco IP Phone Model 7912G Cable Connections
1
Network port (10BASE-T,
100BASE-T)
4
DC adapter port (DC48V)
2
Access port (10BASE-T,
100BASE-T)
5
Power supply with DC connector
(if included)
3
Handset port
6
Power cable with AC wall socket
plug (if included)
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Installing the Cisco IP Phone
Mounting the Phone to the Wall
Mounting the Phone to the Wall
You can mount the Cisco IP Phone on the wall by removing the footstand and
using the mounting bracket on the back of the phone, or you can use special
brackets available in a Cisco IP Phone wall mount kit. (A wall mount kit must be
ordered separately from the phone.) If you attach the Cisco IP Phone to the wall
using the standard footstand and not the wall mount kit, you need to supply the
following tools and parts:
•
Screwdriver
•
Screws to secure the Cisco IP phone to the wall
Use the following procedure to mount the phone on the wall using its mounting
bracket.
Before You Begin
To ensure that the handset attaches securely to a wall-mounted phone, remove the
handset wall hook from the handset rest, rotate the hook 180 degrees, and reinsert
the hook. Turning the hook exposes a lip on which the handset catches when the
phone is vertical. For an illustrated procedure, see Installing the Wall Mount Kit
for the Cisco IP Phone.
Procedure
Step 1
Remove the footstand from the phone.
Step 2
Modify the handset rest so that the handset remains on the ear-piece rest when the
phone is vertically placed.
a.
Remove the handset from the ear-piece rest.
b.
Locate the tab (handset wall hook) at the base of the ear-piece rest.
c.
Slide this tab out, rotate it 180 degrees (left to right), and reinsert it.
d.
Place the handset on the ear-piece rest.
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Verifying the Phone Startup Process
Step 3
Insert two screws into a wall stud, matching them to the two screw holes on the
back of the phone.
The keyholes fit standard phone jack mounts.
Step 4
Hang the phone on the wall.
Verifying the Phone Startup Process
After the Cisco IP Phone has power connected to it, the phone begins its startup
process by cycling through the following steps.
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
The phone uses a combination of the three LEDs (handset, Hold, and Menu
buttons) to indicate the phone startup process. After several minutes, startup is
complete and your phone is ready to use. When all of the LEDs are off, you will
hear a dial tone when you lift the handset. If the phone does not start up
successfully, see “Checking the Light Indicators on a Cisco IP Phone 7902G”
section on page 6-11.
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
1.
The handset light strip, Hold button, and Menu button flash on and off
simultaneously.
2.
The LCD screen displays the Cisco Systems, Inc., copyright screen.
3.
The LCD screen displays these messages as the phone starts up:
•
Configuring VLAN
•
Configuring IP via DHCP
•
Configuring CM List
•
Opening address (where address is the IP address of the
Cisco CallManager server)
•
Registering
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Configuring Startup Network Settings
4.
The main LCD screen displays:
•
Current date and time
•
Primary directory number
•
Softkeys
If the phone successfully passes through these stages, it has started up properly.
Otherwise, see to the “Resolving Startup Problems” section on page 6-12.
Configuring Startup Network Settings
If you are not using DHCP in your network, you must configure these network
settings on the Cisco IP Phone after installing the phone on the network:
•
IP address
•
IP subnet mask
•
Default gateway IP address
•
Domain name
•
DNS server IP address
•
TFTP server IP address
Collect this information and follow the procedures defined in Chapter 4,
“Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone.”
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4
Configuring Network Settings on the
Cisco IP Phone
Because the Cisco IP Phone is a network device, it includes many configurable
network settings, which you might need to modify before the phone is accessible
and functional for your users.
The following sections provide details about configuring and verifying these
network settings:
•
Configuring Methods, page 4-1
•
Verifying Network Settings, page 4-4
•
Modifying DHCP Settings, page 4-9
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
•
Modifying VLAN Settings, page 4-24
•
Configuring TFTP Options, page 4-28
•
Configuring CDP, page 4-32
Configuring Methods
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can configure network settings using the
phone’s web page or using its Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system. On the
Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G, you can configure network settings
through the phone’s web page or using the Network Configuration screen on the
phone.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring Methods
This chapter describes various methods you can use to configure most network
settings for the Cisco IP Phone. For more information about web page
configuration, and for information about IVR system configuration, see
Appendix A, “Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures.”
Related Topics
•
Accessing Network Configuration Settings from a Cisco IP Phone, page 4-2
•
Accessing Network Configuration Settings through a Phone’s Web Page,
page 4-3
Accessing Network Configuration Settings from a Cisco IP Phone
On the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G, network configuration options in
the Network Configuration Screen are locked by default to prevent users from
making changes that could affect network connectivity for a phone.
When settings are inaccessible for modification, a locked padlock icon appears on
the Network Configuration screen. An unlocked padlock icon appears on this
screen when settings are unlocked and accessible for modification.
You must unlock the network configuration options from the Network
Configuration screen before you can configure them. If a password has been
specified for the phone, you must enter the password when unlocking network
configuration options. (For more information about passwords, see Appendix A,
“Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures.”)
Network configuration options are locked again automatically when you exit the
Network Configuration Screen.
The unlocked padlock icon, shown below, appears in the margins of this chapter
to indicate procedures that require you to unlock settings before modifying them.
Note
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, network settings are not locked on the phone itself
because these settings are accessed through the Phone Configuration web page or
the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system. See the specific instructions for the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G in the sections that follow for more information.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring Methods
To unlock network settings on the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G, follow
these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration, and then press the
Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
Step 5
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Step 6
Look at the upper-right portion of your LCD.
•
Locked—The icon appears as a locked padlock.
•
Unlocked—The icon appears as an unlocked padlock.
Accessing Network Configuration Settings through a Phone’s
Web Page
The following sections include instructions for setting configuration options
using a phone’s web page. To set configuration options in this way, you must first
use the UIPassword parameter in the phone’s profile file to set up a password. If
you do not set up a password, you will not be able to change network settings, and
Apply will not be available.
For more information about the UIPassword parameter, see Table A-4 on
page A-21.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Verifying Network Settings
Verifying Network Settings
On Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G, you can view detailed information
about the current network settings of the phone. Use this information to
troubleshoot or to make modifications.
For the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can obtain detailed information about current
network settings from the Phone Configuration web page or through the IVR
system.
To display current network settings for the Cisco IP Phone, follow these steps:
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left:
a.
Select Network Configuration to review network configuration information.
b.
Select Network Statistics to view network statistics.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Verifying Network Settings
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Table 4-1
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration, and then press the
Select softkey.
Step 4
Scroll through the options to display the settings described in Table 4-1.
Network Settings
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
DHCP Server
Displays IP address of the Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server
that the phone uses to obtain IP address.
See the “Modifying DHCP
Settings” section on page 4-9.
BootP Server
Indicates whether the phone obtains its
Always displays No.
configuration from a Bootstrap Protocol
Cannot be configured.
(BootP) server rather than a DHCP server.
MAC Address
Identifies the unique Media Access
Control (MAC) address of the phone.
Cannot configure.
Host Name
Identifies the unique host name assigned
to the phone.
Obtained from the DHCP
server.
Domain Name
Identifies the name of the Domain Name See the “Assigning a Domain
System (DNS) domain in which the phone Name” section on page 4-20.
resides.
IP Address
Indicates the Internet Protocol (IP)
address of the phone.
See the “Assigning an IP
Address” section on
page 4-15.
Subnet Mask
Indicates the subnet mask used by the
phone.
See the “Assigning a Subnet
Mask” section on page 4-19.
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Verifying Network Settings
Table 4-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
TFTP Server 1-2
TFTP Server 1 indicates the primary
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
server used by the phone to obtain
configuration files.
See the “Assigning a TFTP
Sever” section on page 4-28.
TFTP Server 2 displays the IP address of
the backup TFTP server, which is used to
obtain configuration files and software
upgrades if the primary TFTP server is
unavailable.
Default Router 1
Identifies the default gateway used by the See the “Assigning a Default
phone.
Router” section on page 4-17.
DNS Servers 1-2
See the “Assigning DNS
Indicates the Domain Name System
(DNS) server used by the phone to resolve Servers” section on
page 4-22.
the host name of the TFTP server,
Cisco CallManager system and web server
host names.
Operational VLAN Id
Indicates the auxiliary Virtual Local Area
Network (VLAN) configured on a Cisco
Catalyst switch in which the phone is a
member.
Obtained via Cisco Discovery
Protocol (CDP) from the
switch to which the phone is
attached.
If the phone has not received an auxiliary
VLAN, then the operational VLAN
reflects the Administrative VLAN.
If neither the auxiliary VLAN nor the
Administrative VLAN are configured,
then the Operational VLAN field is blank.
Admin. VLAN Id
Indicates the auxiliary VLAN in which the See the “Configuring VLAN
Settings” section on
phone is a member.
Used only if the phone does not receive an page 4-25.
auxiliary VLAN from the switch.
The Administrative VLAN is ignored if an
auxiliary VLAN is obtained from the
switch.
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Verifying Network Settings
Table 4-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
VLAN Enabled
Indicates whether VLAN is enabled for
the phone.
Displays Yes or No.
Indicates whether Cisco Discovery
Protocol (CDP) is enabled for the phone.
CDP allows the phone to be discovered by
the CiscoWorks2000 network
management system.
Displays Yes or No.
CDP Enabled
See the “Disabling VLAN”
section on page 4-26
For more information about
CiscoWorks2000, refer to the
documentation available at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/
univercd/cc/td/doc/product/
rtrmgmt/cw2000/index.htm
See the “Configuring CDP”
section on page 4-32
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Verifying Network Settings
Table 4-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
CallManager 1-4
Displays a prioritized list of the
Cisco CallManager systems that are
available for processing calls from this
phone. Possible states include:
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to
modify.
•
Active—the Cisco CallManager
server from which the phone is
currently receiving call-processing
services.
•
Standby—the Cisco CallManager
server to which the phone switches if
the current server goes down.
•
Blank—no TCP connection to this
Cisco CallManager server.
This field might also include the
Survivable Remote Site Telephony
(SRST) designation, which indicates an
SRST router capable of providing
Cisco CallManager functionality with a
limited feature set. If all other
Cisco CallManager servers are
unreachable, this router assumes control
of call processing. You configure the
SRST router address using the Device
Pool section in Cisco CallManager. The
SRST Cisco CallManager always appears
last in the list of servers, even if it is
currently active.
DHCP Enabled
Indicates whether DHCP is being used by See the “Modifying DHCP
the phone.
Settings” section on page 4-9.
DHCP Address Released
Allows the IP-address assigned by DHCP See the “Releasing a DHCP
to be released.
Address” section on
page 4-13.
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Modifying DHCP Settings
Table 4-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
Alternate TFTP
Indicates whether the phone is using an
alternative TFTP server.
See the “Enabling an
Alternate TFTP Server”
section on page 4-30.
Alternate DNS
Indicates whether the phone is using an
alternative DNS.
See the “Assigning DNS
Servers” section on
page 4-22.
Alternate Domain
Indicates whether the phone is using an
alternative domain name.
See the “Assigning a Domain
Name” section on page 4-20
Erase Configuration
See the “Erasing the Local
On the Cisco IP Phone models
Configuration” section on
7905G/7912G, sets all configuration
values except ringer sound to their factory page 6-8.
defaults.
Related Topics
•
Verifying Network Settings, page 4-4
•
Modifying DHCP Settings, page 4-9
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
•
Modifying VLAN Settings, page 4-24
•
Configuring TFTP Options, page 4-28
Modifying DHCP Settings
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) automatically assigns IP
addresses to devices when you connect them to the network. This section provides
information about enabling DHCP and releasing a DHCP-assigned IP address in
the following topics:
•
Enabling DHCP, page 4-10
•
Disabling DHCP, page 4-11
•
Releasing a DHCP Address, page 4-13
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying DHCP Settings
Enabling DHCP
Cisco IP Phones enable DHCP by default, but you can reset the protocol if it
becomes disabled.
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
To enable DHCP, enter 1 in the DHCP field and click Apply.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
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Modifying DHCP Settings
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to DHCP Enabled.
If DHCP is disabled, the option appears as
DHCP Enabled NO
Step 6
Press the Yes softkey to enable DHCP.
Step 7
Press Save.
Related Topics
•
Disabling DHCP, page 4-11
•
Releasing a DHCP Address, page 4-13
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
Disabling DHCP
If you do not use DHCP in your network, use this procedure to disable DHCP
before manually assigning IP addresses to Cisco IP phones.
Note
Procedures involved in configuring IP settings or TFTP options cannot be
completed when DHCP is enabled in your network.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying DHCP Settings
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone:
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
To disable DHCP, enter 0 in the DHCP field and click Apply.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password”, enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
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Modifying DHCP Settings
Step 5
Scroll to DHCP Enabled.
If DHCP is enabled, the option appears as
DHCP Enabled YES
Step 6
Press the No softkey to disable DHCP.
Step 7
Press Save.
Related Topics
•
Enabling DHCP, page 4-10
•
Releasing a DHCP Address, page 4-13
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
Releasing a DHCP Address
When moving the phone to a new network segment, you should first release the
DHCP address. You cannot perform this procedure from the Phone Configuration
web page. Instead, you must use the IVR system (for the Cisco IP Phone 7902G)
or the phone’s Network Configuration Screen (for the Cisco IP Phone models
7902G/7912G).
Using the IVR System (Cisco IP Phone 7902G)
Step 1
Lift the handset, then press and hold the Menu button for about 3 seconds.
Step 2
Press 4444 to release the DHCP address.
Step 3
Hang up the phone. The phone resets.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying DHCP Settings
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to DHCP Address Released.
If the DHCP address is currently assigned, the option appears as
DHCP Address Released NO
Step 6
Press the Yes softkey to release the DHCP-assigned IP address.
Step 7
Press Save.
The phone remains in an idle state, without an IP address assigned, until you do
one of the following actions:
•
Manually assign an IP address.
•
Set DHCP Address Released back to No.
•
Power cycle the phone, which enables all default settings, including enabling
DHCP.
Related Topics
•
Enabling DHCP, page 4-10
•
Disabling DHCP, page 4-11
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Configuring IP Settings
Use these guidelines when manually configuring the IP settings:
Note
•
You can use 0.0.0.0 for the subnet mask only if the default gateway is also
0.0.0.0.
•
Ensure the TFTP server has an IP address.
•
Ensure the default gateway IP address is on the same subnet as the host IP
address.
Procedures involved in configuring IP settings or TFTP options cannot be
completed when DHCP is enabled in your network.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Assigning an IP Address, page 4-15
•
Assigning a Default Router, page 4-17
•
Assigning a Subnet Mask, page 4-19
•
Assigning a Domain Name, page 4-20
•
Assigning DNS Servers, page 4-22
Assigning an IP Address
The IP address is the unique logical address identifying each host computer, or
node, on a TCP/IP network. An IP address is a 32-bit number expressed as four
decimal numbers from 0 to 255 separated by periods.
Before you can assign an IP address, you must disable DHCP. For instructions,
see the “Disabling DHCP” section on page 4-11.
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Configuring IP Settings
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone:
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
To set the IP address, enter an address in the StaticIP field and click Apply.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Step 5
Scroll to IP Address.
Step 6
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 7
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new IP address, using the * key on the
keypad to enter periods.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press Validat.
Step 9
Press Save.
Assigning a Default Router
If you manually assign an IP address to the Cisco IP Phone, you must indicate the
default router to be used. The default router provides connectivity to the IP
network beyond the subnet to which the phone belongs.
Before you can assign a default router, you must disable DHCP. For instructions,
see the “Disabling DHCP” section on page 4-11.
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Step 3
To set the route address, enter an address in the StaticRoute field and click Apply.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to Default Router.
Step 6
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 7
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new IP address, using the * key on the
keypad to enter periods.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press Validat.
Step 9
Press Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Assigning a Subnet Mask
The subnet mask is used to partition the IP address into a network and a host
identifier. The subnet mask is used to mask a portion of the IP address so that
TCP/IP can distinguish the network ID from the host ID.
Before you can assign a subnet mask, you must disable DHCP. For instructions,
see the “Disabling DHCP” section on page 4-11.
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
To set the subnet mask, enter an address in the StaticNetMask field and click
Apply.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
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Chapter 4
Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to Subnet Mask.
Step 6
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 7
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new IP address, using the * key on the
keypad to enter periods.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press Validat.
Step 9
Press Save.
Assigning a Domain Name
The domain name is the name of the Domain Name System (DNS) domain in
which the phone is located. DNS is a hierarchical name for TCP/IP host
computers that provides standard naming conventions.
Before assigning a domain name, verify that you have a DNS in your network.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
To set the domain name, enter a domain name in the Domain field and click
Apply.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
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Configuring IP Settings
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to Alternate Domain.
Step 6
If the option appears as
Alternate Domain NO
Press the Yes softkey.
Step 7
Scroll to Domain Name.
Step 8
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 9
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new domain name, using the * key on
the keypad to enter periods.
To enter letters, use the numbers associated with a particular letter. For example,
the 2 key has the letters ABC. For a lower case “a,” press 2 once. Press the 2 key
repeatedly to scroll through the available letters and numbers. Pause after the
selected letter appears on the screen.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 10
Press Validat.
Step 11
Press Save.
Assigning DNS Servers
The DNS setting on the Cisco IP Phone allows users to specify remote computers
by host names, which are character strings with some mnemonic value, rather than
by using IP addresses, which are simply strings of numbers.
The phones use DNS to resolve the host name of TFTP servers,
Cisco CallManager systems, and web server host names when the system is
configured to use names rather than IP addresses.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
To set the DNS servers:
a.
To set DNS Server1, in the DNSServer1 field enter an address and click
Apply.
b.
To set DNS Server2, in the DNSServer2 field enter an address and click
Apply.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying VLAN Settings
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to Alternate DNS.
Step 6
If the option appears as
Alternate DNS NO
Press the Yes softkey.
Step 7
Scroll to DNS Server 1.
Step 8
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 9
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new domain name, using the * key on
the keypad to enter periods.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 10
Scroll to DNS Server 2 to add a backup DNS server.
Step 11
Press Validat.
Step 12
Press Save.
Modifying VLAN Settings
You can change the administrative VLAN used by the Cisco IP Phone and, on the
Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912, you can disable or enable VLAN manually.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Configuring VLAN Settings, page 4-25
•
Disabling VLAN, page 4-26
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying VLAN Settings
Configuring VLAN Settings
If you have an auxiliary VLAN assigned on the Cisco Catalyst switch, that setting
overrides any changes made on the phone.
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
In the VLANSetting field, enter a VLAN ID into bits 18–29 and click Apply.
For more information about this field, see the VLANSetting parameter in
Table A-1 on page A-12.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can also review phone settings using the IVR
system. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
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Modifying VLAN Settings
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to Admin. VLAN Id.
Step 6
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 7
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new Admin VLAN setting.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press Validat.
Step 9
Press Save.
Disabling VLAN
You can disable or enable VLAN manually.
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying VLAN Settings
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
To enable VLAN, in the OpFlags field, change bit 5 to 0 (zero).
To disable VLAN, in the OpFlags field, change bit 5 to 1.
For more information about this field, see OpFlags parameter in Table A-1 on
page A-12.
Step 4
Click Apply.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to VLAN Enabled.
If VLAN is enabled, the option appears as
VLAN Enabled YES
Step 6
Press the No softkey to disable VLAN.
Step 7
Press Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring TFTP Options
Configuring TFTP Options
If you do not use DHCP to direct the Cisco IP Phone to a TFTP server, you must
manually assign one. You can also assign an alternative TFTP server to use
instead of the one assigned by DHCP. On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can
manually enable or disable TFTP.
This section covers these topics:
•
Assigning a TFTP Sever, page 4-28
•
Enabling an Alternate TFTP Server, page 4-30
Assigning a TFTP Sever
If you are not using DHCP in your network, and you want to change this setting,
you must manually assign the TFTP server to the phone.
Before you can manually assign a TFTP server, you must enable an alternate
TFTP server. For instructions, see the “Enabling an Alternate TFTP Server”
section on page 4-30.
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring TFTP Options
Step 3
To set the TFTP servers:
a.
To set TFTP Server1, in the TFTPServer1 field enter an address and click
Apply.
b.
To set TFTP Server2, in the TFTPServer2 field enter an address and click
Apply.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to TFTP Server 1.
Step 6
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 7
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter a new TFTP server address, using the * key
on the keypad to enter periods.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press Validat.
Step 9
Scroll to TFTP Server 2 to add a backup TFTP server.
Step 10
Press Save.
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Chapter 4
Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring TFTP Options
Enabling an Alternate TFTP Server
If you are using DHCP, but you want to override the TFTP address that the phone
received through DHCP, enable an alternate TFTP Server.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to Alternate TFTP.
If the phone is not using an alternative TFTP server, the option appears as
Alternate TFTP NO
Step 6
Press the Yes softkey.
Step 7
Scroll to TFTP Server 1.
Step 8
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 9
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new Alternative TFTP Server address,
using the * key on the keypad to enter periods.
Step 10
Press Validat.
Step 11
Scroll to TFTP Server 2 to add a backup TFTP server.
Step 12
Press Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring TFTP Options
Assigning a Backup TFTP Server
TFTP Server 2 displays the IP address of the backup TFTP server. This server is
used to obtain configuration files and software upgrades if the primary TFTP
server is unavailable.
Before you can assign a backup TFTP server, the Alternate TFTP setting must
be set to Yes.
This procedure does not apply to the Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to TFTP Server 2.
Step 6
Press the Edit softkey.
Step 7
Use the buttons on the keypad to enter the new Alternative TFTP Server address,
using the * key on the keypad to enter periods.
Use the << softkey to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press the Validat softkey.
Step 9
Press Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring CDP
Configuring CDP
You can disable or enable Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP). CDP allows the phone
to be discovered by the CiscoWorks2000 network management system.
For more information about CiscoWorks2000, refer to the documentation
available at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/rtrmgmt/cw2000/index.htm
Using the Phone Configuration Web Page (Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G/7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left under Change Configuration, click Network Parameters.
You may be prompted to enter a password.
The Network Parameters web page appears.
Step 3
In the OpFlags field,
a.
To enable CDP, change bit 6 to a zero (0).
b.
To disable CDP, change bit 6 to a 1.
Using the Phone’s Network Configuration Screen (Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G)
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring CDP
Step 3
From the Settings menu, use the Navigation button to select Network
Configuration, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
From the Network Configuration menu, press **#.
If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your password and then
press the Enter softkey.
Make sure that an unlocked padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your
LCD.
Step 5
Scroll to CDP Enabled.
If CDP is enabled, the option appears as
CDP Enabled Yes
Step 6
Press the No softkey to disable CDP.
Step 7
Press Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring CDP
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C H A P T E R
5
Configuring Users, Features, and
Services
After you install Cisco IP Phones in your network, configure their network
settings, and add them to Cisco CallManager, you must then configure directory
numbers, assign users, configure features and services.
Many of the Cisco IP Phone features available to end users require that you
configure them using the Cisco CallManager Administration application. This
chapter provides overview of many of the configuration procedures. Detailed
instructions are available in Cisco CallManager Administration documentation.
This chapter describes setting up user features and providing users with
information about those features. See the following topics:
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 5-2
•
Adding Users to Cisco CallManager, page 5-7
•
Configuring the Corporate Directory, page 5-7
•
Setting Up Services, page 5-8
•
Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site, page 5-9
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Chapter 5
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration
Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Configuring Telephony Features Using
Cisco CallManager Administration
After you add Cisco IP Phones to Cisco CallManager, you can add additional
functionality to them as described in the “Configuring Telephony Features for the
Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G” section on page 5-2.
Note
If the Cisco IP Phone model that you want to configure does not appear in the
Phone Type drop-down list in the Cisco CallManager Administration application,
go to the following URL and install the latest support patch for your version of
Cisco CallManager: http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/callmgr-33
Configuring Telephony Features for the Cisco IP Phone models
7902G/7905G/7912G
Table 5-1 includes, for the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G, a list of
the supported telephony features and tips about how to configure them using the
Cisco CallManager Administration application. For additional details, refer to
Cisco CallManager Administration Guide, Cisco CallManager System Guide,
Cisco CallManager Extended Services Administrator's Guide, or the
Cisco CallManager Administration application online help.
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Table 5-1
Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration
Feature
Description
Configuration Tips
Auto answer
Forces the speakerphone to go off
hook automatically when an
incoming call is received
From the Cisco CallManager Administration
application:
1.
Choose Device > Phone.
2.
Enter search criteria to locate a specific
phone and click Find.
3.
Click the device name that you want to
configure.
4.
In the Directory Numbers list, click the line
to configure.
Call park
Places the call on hold so anyone
From the Cisco CallManager Administration
connected to the Cisco CallManager application, choose Feature > Call Park to
system can retrieve it
configure.
Call pickup
Picks up incoming calls within a
group
1.
From the Cisco CallManager
Administration application, choose Feature
> Call Pickup to configure.
2.
From the Cisco CallManager
Administration application,
•
Choose Device > Phone.
•
Enter search criteria to locate a specific
phone and click Find.
•
Click the device name that you want to
configure.
•
In the Directory Numbers list, click the
line to configure.
•
Select the directory number to assign a
call pickup group.
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Chapter 5
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration
Table 5-1
Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration (continued)
Feature
Description
Call waiting
Receives a second incoming call on From the Cisco CallManager Administration
the same line without disconnecting application:
the first call
1. Choose Device > Phone.
Caller ID
Configuration Tips
2.
Enter search criteria to locate a specific
phone and click Find.
3.
Click the device name that you want to
configure.
4.
In the Directory Numbers list, click the line
to configure.
Displays number and name of caller From the Cisco CallManager Administration
application:
1.
Choose Device > Phone.
2.
Enter search criteria to locate a specific
phone and click Find.
3.
Click the device name that you want to
configure.
4.
In the Directory Numbers list, click the line
to configure.
5.
Enter appropriate information in the
Directory Number, Display (Internal Caller
ID), and Line Text Label fields.
To disable Caller ID, refer to the
Cisco CallManager documentation.
Cisco Call
Back
Notifies a user when an extension
Refer to Cisco CallManager Features and
that was busy or that did not answer Services Guide for Cisco Call Back
a call is available to take a call.
configuration procedures.
Conference
Initiates an ad hoc conference and
From the Cisco CallManager Administration
then conference in other participants application, choose Service > Media Resource
one at a time.
> Conference Bridge to configure a device to
support conferences.
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Table 5-1
Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration (continued)
Feature
Description
Configuration Tips
Forward
Forwards all calls to the designated
directory number
From the Cisco CallManager Administration
application:
1.
Choose Device > Phone.
2.
Enter search criteria to locate a specific
phone and click Find.
3.
Click the device name that you want to
configure.
4.
In the Directory Numbers list, click the line
to configure.
You can configure Forward All, Forward Busy,
or Forward No Answer.
Users can also designate the forward numbers
from their Cisco IP Phone or from the User
Options web pages.
Group call
pickup
Hold
Allows users to pick up incoming
calls within their own group or in
other groups
Places an active call on hold
1.
From the Cisco CallManager
Administration application, choose Feature
> Call Pickup to configure.
2.
From the Cisco CallManager
Administration application,
•
Choose Device > Phone.
•
Enter search criteria to locate a specific
phone and click Find.
•
Click the device name that you want to
configure.
•
In the Directory Numbers list, click the
line to configure.
•
Select the directory number to assign a
call pickup group.
This feature requires no configuration, unless
you want to use music on hold. See
“Music-on-Hold” in this table for information.
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Table 5-1
Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration (continued)
Feature
Description
Configuration Tips
Meet-Me
conference
Enables other callers to join in a
conference
From the Cisco CallManager Administration
application, choose:
Service > Conference Bridge to configure
Meet-Me parameters.
Music-onhold
Plays music while callers are on hold Refer to Cisco CallManager Features and
Services Guide for music on hold configuration
procedures.
Quality
Reporting
Tool
Allows users to use the QRT softkey Refer to Cisco CallManager Administration
on a phone to submit information
Guide for Quality Reporting Tool configuration
about problem phone calls.
procedures.
Redial
Redials the last number dialed on the This feature requires no configuration.
Cisco IP Phone
Speed-dial
Dials a specified number that has
been previously stored
From the Cisco CallManager Administration
application:
1.
Choose Device > Phone.
2.
Enter search criteria to locate a specific
phone and click Find.
3.
Click the device name that you want to
configure.
4.
Click the Add/Update Speed Dials link at
the top of the web page.
Users can designate speed-dial numbers using
the Cisco IP Phone User Options web pages.
Transfer
Transfers an active call to another
directory number
This feature requires no configuration.
Voice
messaging
system
Enables callers to leave messages if
calls are unanswered
Refer to Cisco CallManager Administration
Guide and Cisco CallManager System Guide for
voice messaging system configuration
procedures.
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Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Adding Users to Cisco CallManager
Adding Users to Cisco CallManager
The Cisco CallManager Administration application allows you to display and
maintain information about users on the network.
You must configure features to allow users to perform the following actions:
•
Access the corporate directory and other customized directories from a
Cisco IP Phone
•
Create their own personal directories
•
Set up their own speed dial and call forwarding numbers
To set up these features, you must first add users to Cisco CallManager, using
either of the following methods:
•
To add users individually, use the Cisco CallManager Administration
application and select User >Add a New User.
Refer to Cisco CallManager Administration Guide, Cisco CallManager
System Guide, or Cisco CallManager Administration online help in the
application for details.
•
To add users in batches, use the Bulk Administration Tool. This method also
enables you to set an identical default password for all users.
Refer to Bulk Administration Tool User Guide for details.
Configuring the Corporate Directory
From the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G, users can look up directory
numbers for their co-workers. To support this feature, you must first configure
corporate directories
Cisco CallManager uses a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
directory to store authentication and authorization information about users of
Cisco CallManager applications, which interface with the Cisco CallManager.
Authentication establishes the user right to access the system, while authorization
identifies the telephony resources that a user is permitted to use, such as a specific
telephone extension.
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Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Setting Up Services
To install and set up these features, refer to Installing and Configuring the Cisco
Customer Directory Configuration Plugin. This book guides you through the
configuration process for integrating Cisco CallManager with Microsoft Active
Directory and Netscape Directory Server.
After the LDAP directory configuration completes, users can use the Directories
menu on the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/ 7912G to look up users in the
corporate directory.
Setting Up Services
The Menu button on the Cisco IP Phone gives users access to Cisco IP Phone
services. These services comprise XML applications that enable the display of
interactive content on the phone. Examples of services include local movie times,
stock quotes, and weather reports.
Cisco CallManager provides sample Cisco IP Phone Services applications. You
can also create customized applications for your site.
Note
The Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/ 7912G do not support graphic-based XML
applications. These phones support audio and text based XML applications only.
Before a user can access any service,
•
You as the system administrator must use the Cisco CallManager
Administration application to configure available services.
•
The user must subscribe to services using the Cisco IP Phone User Options
application. This web-based application provides a graphical user interface
(GUI) for limited, end-user configuration of IP Phone applications.
Before you set up services, gather the URLs for the sites you want to set up and
verify that users can access those sites from your corporate IP telephony network.
To set up these services, choose Feature > Cisco IP Phone Services from the
Cisco CallManager Administration application. Refer to Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide and Cisco CallManager System Guide for more
information.
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Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site
After you configure these services, verify that your users have access to the
Cisco CallManager IP Phone Options web-based application, from which they
can select and subscribe to configured services. See the “How Users Subscribe to
Services and Configure Phone Features” section on page 5-10 for a summary of
the information that you must provide to end users.
Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site
If you are a system administrator, you are likely the primary source of information
for Cisco IP Phone users in your network or company. It is important to provide
current and thorough information to end users.
Cisco recommends that you create a web page on your internal support site that
provides end users with important information about their new Cisco IP Phones.
Consider adding the following types of information to this site:
•
How Users Obtain Support for the Cisco IP Phone, page 5-9
•
How Users Get Copies of Cisco IP Phone Manuals, page 5-9
•
How Users Configure Phone Features, page 5-11
•
How Users Access Voice Messages, page 5-11
How Users Obtain Support for the Cisco IP Phone
Other documentation for your Cisco IP Phone may instruct users to direct some
questions to a system administrator. To be able to successfully use some of the
phone’s features (speed dial numbers, voice messaging system access), users must
receive information from you or your network team or be able to contact you for
assistance.
How Users Get Copies of Cisco IP Phone Manuals
You should provide end users with access to user documentation for the
Cisco IP Phones. This documentation includes detailed user instructions for key
phone features. See the “Related Documentation” section on page xiii for more
information.
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Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site
Because there are several Cisco IP Phone models available, users might have
difficulty locating their specific documentation on the Cisco.com website. To
assist users in finding their documentation, we recommend that you provide links
to the current documentation. This ensures that users have access to the latest and
most up-to-date documentation. However, if you do not want to or cannot send
users to Cisco.com, we suggest that you download the PDF files and provide them
to end users on your website.
•
For a list of available documentation, go to the Cisco IP Phone website at:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_ipphon/ip_clmgr/
index.htm and select your preferred language.
•
For more information about viewing or ordering documentation, see the
“Obtaining Documentation” section on page xiv.
How Users Subscribe to Services and Configure Phone Features
End users can perform a variety of activities using the Cisco IP Phone User
Options web page. These activities vary depending on the Cisco IP Phone model
a user has, and can include subscribing to services, setting up speed dial and call
forwarding numbers, configuring ring settings, and creating a personal address
book. Keep in mind that being able to configure settings on a phone using a web
site might be a new paradigm for your end users. You need to provide as much
information as possible to ensure that they can successfully access and use the
User Options.
Be sure to provide end users with the following information about the User
Options page:
•
The URL required to access the application.
http://serverName/CCMUser/, where serverName is the host on which the
web server is installed.
•
A user ID and default password needed to access the application.
These settings correspond to the values you entered when you added the user
to Cisco CallManager (see the “Adding Users to Cisco CallManager” section
on page 5-7).
•
A brief description of what a web-based, graphic user interface application is,
and how it is accessed with a Web browser.
•
Outline the tasks that users can expect to accomplish with the application.
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Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site
How Users Configure Phone Features
End users can perform a variety of activities using the Cisco IP Phone User
Options web page. These activities vary depending on the Cisco IP Phone model
a user has, and can include setting up speed dial and call forwarding numbers.
Keep in mind that being able to configure settings on a phone using a web site
might be a new paradigm for your end users. You need to provide as much
information as possible to ensure that they can successfully access and use the
User Options.
Be sure to provide end users with the following information about the User
Options page:
•
The URL required to access the application
http://serverName/CCMUser/, where serverName is the host on which the
web server is installed.
•
A user ID and default password needed to access the application
These settings correspond to the values you entered when you added the user
to Cisco CallManager (see the“Adding Users to Cisco CallManager” section
on page 5-7).
•
A brief description of what a web-based, graphic user interface application is,
and how it is accessed with a web browser.
•
Outline the tasks that users can expect to accomplish with the application.
How Users Access Voice Messages
Cisco CallManager provides you with the flexibility to integrate with many
different voice messaging systems, including the Cisco Unity voice messaging
system. However, because you can integrate with many different systems, you
must provide users with information about how to use your specific system.
You should inform each user of the following information:
•
How to access the voice messaging system account.
Make sure that you have used Cisco CallManager to configure the Messages
button on the Cisco IP Phone.
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Configuring Users, Features, and Services
Providing Information to Users Via a Web Site
•
Initial password for accessing the voice messaging system.
Make sure that you have configured a default voice messaging system
password for all users.
•
How the phone indicates that messages are waiting.
Make sure that you have used Cisco CallManager to set up a message waiting
indicator (MWI) method.
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6
Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone
Cisco IP Phones provide diagnostic information that can assist you with
troubleshooting problems in your IP telephony network.
This chapter includes the following sections:
Note
•
Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information, page 6-2
•
Monitoring Cisco IP Phones Remotely, page 6-7
•
Resetting the Cisco IP Phone, page 6-8
•
Erasing the Local Configuration, page 6-8
•
Updating the Firmware Version, page 6-10
•
Checking the Light Indicators on a Cisco IP Phone 7902G, page 6-11
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 6-12
•
Resolving Known Issues, page 6-21
•
Resolving Known Issues, page 6-21
•
Where to Go for More Information, page 6-23
You can collect information for troubleshooting and store this information in a log
file. For more information, see the “Collecting Information for Troubleshooting”
section on page A-30.
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Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone
Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
On a Cisco IP Phone or from a phone’s web page, you can obtain status
information about the current call and the network, and verify the phone model
and installed firmware version.
This section covers these topics:
•
Viewing Status Messages, page 6-2
•
Displaying Network Statistics, page 6-3
•
Verifying Model and Serial Number, page 6-5
•
Verifying Firmware Version, page 6-6
Viewing Status Messages
Use the status messages to diagnose network configuration problems. You can
access these messages at any point, even if the phone has not finished starting up.
Note
This feature does not apply to the Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
Select Status, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
Select Status Messages, and then press the Select softkey.
The phone displays the name of the configuration file in the following format:
SEPDefault.cnf.xml or SEPmacaddress
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Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
Related Topics
•
Adding Phones Manually, page 2-14
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 4-15
•
Modifying DHCP Settings, page 4-9
•
Verifying Firmware Version, page 6-6
•
Configuring TFTP Options, page 4-28
Displaying Network Statistics
Network statistics provide information about the phone and network performance.
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
Click Network Statistics hyperlink.
The Network Statistics page shows the following information:
•
Elapsed Time—amount of time that has elapsed since the phone connected to
Cisco CallManager.
•
Receive Packets—number of packets received at the phone.
•
Transmit Packets—number of transmitted at the phone.
•
Broadcast—number of broadcast packets received.
•
Multicast—Number of multicast packets on the network during the elapsed
time
•
Receive errors—number of receive errors at the phone.
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Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
•
Transmit errors—number of transmit errors at the phone.
•
Receive overflow—Number packet overflows that the phone has experienced
during the elapsed time
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings.
Step 3
Press the Select softkey.
Step 4
Select Status.
Step 5
Press the Select softkey.
Step 6
Select Network Statistics.
Step 7
Press the Select softkey.
Step 8
Use the Navigation button to display the available information:
•
Rcv—number of packets received at the phone.
•
Xmt—number of packets transmitted from the phone.
•
REr—number of receive errors at the phone.
•
Bcast—number of broadcast packets received.
•
Elapsed Time—amount of time that has elapsed since the phone connected to
Cisco CallManager.
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Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
Verifying Model and Serial Number
You can verify the model and serial number of Cisco IP Phones.
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left, click Device Information.
The Device Information page displays the Product ID (model number) and serial
number of the phone.
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings.
Step 3
Press the Select softkey.
Step 4
Select Model Information.
Step 5
Press the Select softkey.
Step 6
Use the Navigation button to display the following information:
•
Model Number
•
MAC Address
•
AppLoadID—Identifier of the firmware running on the phone
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Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
•
BootLoadID—Identifier of the factory-installed load running on the phone
•
Serial Number
Verifying Firmware Version
You can verify the firmware version for Cisco IP Phones.
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Procedure
Step 1
Open the Phone Configuration web page.
a.
Open your web browser and enter the following URL, where IPaddress is the
IP address of your phone
http://IPaddress
b.
Press Enter.
The Phone Configuration web page appears.
Step 2
In the pane on the left, click Device Information.
The Device Information page displays the following information:
•
App Load ID—Identifier of the firmware running on the phone
•
Boot Load ID—Identifier of the factory-installed load running on the phone
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
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Monitoring Cisco IP Phones Remotely
Step 3
Select Status, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 4
Select Firmware Versions, and then press the Select softkey.
The following information appears:
•
App Load ID
•
Boot Load ID
•
Version
Monitoring Cisco IP Phones Remotely
You can remotely monitor the network activity of any Cisco IP Phone on your
network using a web browser. To do so, open a web browser and enter the
following URL, where IPaddress is the currently assigned IP address of the
phone:
http://IPaddress
To confirm the IP address, you can either
•
search for a particular phone in Cisco CallManager by choosing Device >
Phone. Phones registered with Cisco CallManager display the IP address at
the top of the Phone Configuration page.
•
obtain the IP address from the phone itself by choosing Settings > Network
Configuration > IP Address.
When you enter the IP address of a Cisco IP Phone into a web browser, the
following information appears:
•
Device information
•
Network information
•
Network statistics
•
Device logs
The web page also lets you view and change a variety of configuration parameters.
For more information about these parameters and how to change them, see
Appendix A, “Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures.”
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Resetting the Cisco IP Phone
Resetting the Cisco IP Phone
If you reset the phone, any changes made that have not been saved are lost and set
back to default settings.
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Procedure
•
Press **#** to reset the Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
The phone cycles through normal startup procedures.
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
Procedure
Step 1
Press **#** to reset the Cisco IP Phone.
The phone displays “Do you want to reboot the phone?”
Step 2
Press the Yes softkey.
The phone cycles through normal startup procedures.
Erasing the Local Configuration
If you want to erase all locally stored configuration options, you can erase the
configuration and restore settings to their default values, including enabling
DHCP.
Caution
Erasing the local configuration removes all user-defined changes, except ringer
sound, made locally on the Cisco IP Phone. If you choose this option, these
settings are set back to their default values.
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Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone
Erasing the Local Configuration
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Procedure
Step 1
Lift the handset, then press and hold the Menu button for about 3 seconds.
Step 2
Press # to go to the extended menu.
Step 3
Enter the code # 322873738.
Step 4
Hang up the phone. The phone resets.
Cisco IP Phone Models 7905G/7912G
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Menu button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Settings, and then press the Select softkey.
Step 3
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration, and then press the
Select softkey.
Step 4
Perform either of these procedures:
•
Procedure A:
– Press **2. The phone displays “Do you want to reset all system settings
to default values?”
– Press the Yes softkey.
•
Procedure B:
– Press **#. If your phone displays “Enter Admin Password,” enter your
password and then press the Enter softkey. Make sure that an unlocked
padlock icon appears in the upper-right corner of your LCD.
– Scroll to Erase Configuration.
– Press the Yes softkey and then press the Save softkey.
The phone cycles through normal startup procedures.
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Updating the Firmware Version
Updating the Firmware Version
You can update the firmware version using the Cisco CallManager Administration
application. You can also update the firmware version using a profile file. See
Appendix A, “Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures”
for information about profile files.
Before You Begin
Read the “Read Me” files included with Cisco software updates. These files
provide important updated information about installing and configuring the new
software.
Procedure
Step 1
Obtain an updated phone load.
You can download the latest available software from the Cisco Service & Support
Software Center:
http://www.cisco.com/kobayashi/sw-center/sw-voice.shtml
Step 2
Install the update.
Step 3
From the Cisco CallManager Administration choose System > Device Defaults.
Locate the Device Type field corresponding to the model IP Phone.
Step 4
Enter the new device load in the Load Information field.
You can typically locate this information in the Read Me file distributed with the
software update. The Read Me file for the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G
begins with LD
Step 5
Click Update.
Step 6
From Cisco CallManager Administration, choose System > CallManager
Group.
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Checking the Light Indicators on a Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Step 7
From the Cisco CallManager Group list, choose the group you want to update.
Step 8
Click Reset Devices.
Related Topic
•
Verifying Firmware Version, page 6-6
Checking the Light Indicators on a
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Refer to the following table for explanations about the light indicators on a
Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
Problem
Explanation
After the phone is connected to power, the There is no Ethernet link. See the “Connecting the Cisco
phone Hold and Menu buttons blink red
IP Phone to the Network” section on page 3-4 and the
and green respectively.
“Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Does Not Start Up” section
on page 6-12.
After the phone is connected to power, the The VLAN is not set up. See the “Modifying DHCP
phone Menu button blinks green about
Settings” section on page 4-9.
every two seconds.
After the phone is connected to power, the The IP address is not set up. See the “Assigning an IP
phone Menu button blinks twice about
Address” section on page 4-15.
every two seconds.
After the phone is connected to power, the The Cisco CallManager is not set up. See the “Adding
Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database” section on
phone Menu button blinks three times
about every two seconds.
page 2-12.
After the phone is connected to power, the The phone is not registered. See the “Symptom: Cisco IP
Phone Not Registering with Cisco CallManager” section
phone Hold button is steady red and the
Menu button is steady green.
on page 6-13.
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Resolving Startup Problems
Problem
Explanation
After the phone is connected to power, the The phone has a duplicate IP address. See the “Assigning
phone handset indicator light is steady red an IP Address” section on page 4-15.
and the Menu button is steady green.
The phone Hold button flashes red and the The phone’s firmware is being upgraded. After the
Menu button flashes green at the same
upgrade, all LEDs on the phone should be off.
time.
Resolving Startup Problems
After installing a Cisco IP Phone into your network and adding it to
Cisco CallManager, the phone should start up as described in the “Verifying the
Phone Startup Process” section on page 3-9. If the phone does not start up
properly, these sections can help you resolve the problem:
Note
•
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Does Not Start Up, page 6-12
•
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Not Registering with Cisco CallManager,
page 6-13
•
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Resetting, page 6-18
Any procedures that refer to an LCD screen display problem apply only to the
Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G.
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Does Not Start Up
If you connect a Cisco IP Phone into the network port, the LEDs should light up
and, on the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G, messages should appear on the
LCD display. (See the “Verifying the Phone Startup Process” section on page 3-9
for information on the normal startup process.) If the phone does not proceed
through this normal startup process, you must determine if the phone is functional
or if anything else in the configuration is causing the phone to not start up
properly.
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Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone
Resolving Startup Problems
To determine whether the phone is functional, you must eliminate any other
potential problems, such as faulty cables, network outages, lack of power, and so
on. Follow these suggestions to systematically eliminate these other causes.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
To verify that the network port is functional:
a.
Exchange the Ethernet cables with cables you know are functional.
b.
Disconnect a functioning Cisco IP Phone from another port and connect it to
this network port to verify the port is active.
c.
Connect the Cisco IP Phone that will not start up to a different network port
that you know to be good.
d.
Connect the Cisco IP Phone that will not start up directly to the port on the
switch, eliminating the patch panel connection in the office.
To verify that the phone is receiving power:
a.
Verify that the electrical outlet is functional.
b.
If you are using in-line power, use the external power supply instead.
c.
If you are using the external power supply, switch with a unit you know to be
functional.
Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G only. If, after attempting these solutions,
the LCD screen persists in not displaying any characters for at least five minutes,
contact a Cisco technical support representative for additional assistance.
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Not Registering with
Cisco CallManager
If a phone proceeds past the first stage (LED buttons flashing on and off), and, on
a Cisco IP Phone model 7905G/7912G, continues to cycle through the messages
displaying on the LCD screen, then the phone is not starting up properly. The
phone cannot successfully start up unless it is connected to the Ethernet network
and it has registered with a Cisco CallManager server.
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These sections can assist you in determining the reason the phone is unable to start
up properly:
•
Registering the Phone with Cisco CallManager, page 6-14
•
Checking Network Connectivity, page 6-14
•
Verifying TFTP Server Settings, page 6-15
•
Verifying IP Addressing and Routing, page 6-15
•
Verifying DNS Settings, page 6-16
•
Verifying Cisco CallManager Settings, page 6-16
•
Cisco CallManager and TFTP Services Are Not Running, page 6-16
•
Creating a New Configuration File, page 6-17
Registering the Phone with Cisco CallManager
Registration with a Cisco CallManager server can only be successful if the phone
has been added to the server or if auto-registration is enabled. Review the
information and procedures in the “Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager
Database” section on page 2-12 to ensure that the phone has been added to the
Cisco CallManager database.
To verify that the phone is in the Cisco CallManager database, use Device > Find
from Cisco CallManager to search for the phone based on its MAC Address.
Verify the MAC address to search for by pressing Settings > Network
Configuration > MAC address on the phone.
If the phone is already in the Cisco CallManager database, its configuration file
might be damaged. See the “Creating a New Configuration File” section on
page 6-17 for assistance.
Checking Network Connectivity
If the network is down between the phone and the TFTP server or
Cisco CallManager, the phone cannot start up properly. Ensure that the network
is currently up and running.
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Resolving Startup Problems
Verifying TFTP Server Settings
The Cisco IP Phone uses the TFTP server setting (Settings > Network
Configuration > TFTP Server 1) to identify the Cisco CallManager server. If
this setting is incorrect, the Cisco IP Phone might continually cycle while
attempting to contact the identified TFTP Server.
If you have assigned a static IP address to the phone, you must manually enter this
setting. See the “Configuring IP Settings” section on page 4-15.
If you are using DHCP, the phone obtains the address for the TFTP server from
the DHCP server. Check the IP address configured in Option 150. Refer to
Configuring Windows 2000 DHCP Server for Cisco Call Manager on Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/AVVID/win2000_dhcp.html
You can also enable the phone to use an alternate TFTP server (Settings >
Network Configuration > Alternate TFTP Server). This is particularly useful
if this phone was recently moved from a different location, such as a test lab to a
production network.
You must unlock the network settings before you can assign an alternate TFTP
server (see “Accessing Network Configuration Settings from a Cisco IP Phone”
section on page 4-2).
Verifying IP Addressing and Routing
You should verify the IP addressing and routing settings on the IP Phone. If you
are using DHCP, the DHCP server should provide these values. If you have
assigned a static IP address to the phone, you must enter these values manually.
On the Cisco IP Phone, press Settings > Network Configuration and check for
the following problems:
•
DHCP Server—has no address
If you have assigned a static IP address to the phone, you do not need to enter
a value here. However, if you are using a DHCP server, this field must have a
value. If it does not, check your IP routing and VLAN configuration. Refer to
Troubleshooting Switch Port Problems on Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/473/53.shtml
•
IP address, subnet mask, or default router—have no addresses
If you have assigned a static IP address to the phone, you must manually enter
these settings. See the “Configuring IP Settings” section on page 4-15.
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If you are using DHCP, check the IP addresses distributed by your DHCP server.
Refer to Understanding and Troubleshooting DHCP in Catalyst Switch or
Enterprise Networks on Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/473/100.html#41
Verifying DNS Settings
If you are using DNS to refer to the TFTP server or Cisco CallManager, you must
ensure you have specified a DNS server (Settings > Network Configuration >
DNS Server 1). You should also verify that you have a CNAME entry in the DNS
server for the TFTP server and Cisco CallManager system.
You must also ensure that DNS is configured to do reverse look-ups. The default
setting on Windows 2000 is to perform forward-only look-ups.
Verifying Cisco CallManager Settings
On the Cisco IP Phone, press Settings > Network Configuration >
CallManager 1, 2, 3, 4. The Cisco IP Phone attempts to open a TCP connection
to all the Cisco CallManager servers that are part of the assigned
Cisco CallManager group. If none of these fields have IP addresses or state
“Active” or “Standby”, the phone is not properly registered with
Cisco CallManager. See the “Registering the Phone with Cisco CallManager”
section on page 6-14 for tips on resolving this problem.
Cisco CallManager and TFTP Services Are Not Running
If the Cisco CallManager or TFTP services are not running, phones might not be
able to start up properly. However, in this case, it is likely that you are
experiencing a system-wide failure. Rather than being isolated to one phone that
is experiencing problems, in this situation many or all phones and other devices
are not able to start up properly.
If the Cisco CallManager service is not running, all devices on the network that
rely on it to make phone calls will be affected. If the TFTP service is not running,
many devices will not be able to start up successfully.
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Resolving Startup Problems
Procedure
Step 1
From the Cisco CallManager Administration window, choose Application >
Cisco CallManager Serviceability.
Step 2
Choose Tools > Control Center.
Step 3
From the Servers column, choose the primary Cisco CallManager server.
The window displays the service names for the server that you chose, the status
of the services, and a service control panel to stop or start a service.
Step 4
If a service has stopped, click the Start button.
The Service Status symbol changes from a square to an arrow.
Creating a New Configuration File
If you continue to have problems with a particular phone, despite all attempts at
resolution, the configuration file might be corrupted. You can manually create a
new configuration file by following this procedure:
Procedure
Step 1
From Cisco CallManager, select Device > Phone > Find to locate the phone
experiencing problems.
Step 2
Choose Delete to remove the phone from the Cisco CallManager database.
Step 3
In Cisco CallManager, choose Service > Cisco TFTP > Advanced and make sure
that False appears in the Enable Caching of Configuration Files in the Cisco TFTP
Configuration page.
Step 4
Search the hard drive of the Cisco CallManager server for files named
SEP*.cnf.xml. This file should be in a folder containing the configuration files for
all the registered phones.
Step 5
Make a copy of a configuration file for a functional phone of the same type as the
problematic phone. For example, if the phone experiencing problems is a
Cisco IP Phone 7905G, make a copy of a configuration file for another phone of
this model.
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Step 6
Rename this to match the name of the configuration file for the problematic
phone.
Use the convention SEP<MAC address>.cnf.xml, where <MAC address> is the
MAC address for the deleted phone.
Step 7
Replace the old configuration file with the new one you created.
Step 8
Add the phone to Cisco CallManager database. See the “Adding Phones
Manually” section on page 2-14 for details.
Step 9
Power cycle the phone.
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Resetting
Once a Cisco IP Phone has properly started up and registered with
Cisco CallManager, you can reset it, forcing it to go through the startup process.
At times, you might want to intentionally do this. For example, if you want to
force a firmware upgrade from Cisco CallManager on to the phone. Anytime a
phone has to load a new image, it has to restart itself and re-register with
Cisco CallManager using the new image
However, if users report that their phones appear to be resetting during calls or
while idle on their desk, you should investigate the cause. If the network
connection and Cisco CallManager connection are stable, the Cisco IP Phone
should not reset on its own.
Typically, the cause of the phones resetting can be categorized by problems
connecting to the Ethernet network or to Cisco CallManager. These sections can
help you identify the cause in your network:
•
Verifying Physical Connection, page 6-19
•
Identifying Intermittent Network Outages, page 6-19
•
Verifying DHCP Settings, page 6-19
•
Checking Static IP Address Settings, page 6-19
•
Verifying Voice VLAN Configuration, page 6-20
•
Verifying that the Phones Have Not Been Intentionally Reset, page 6-20
•
Eliminating DNS or Other Connectivity Errors, page 6-20
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Resolving Startup Problems
Verifying Physical Connection
Verify that the Ethernet connection to which the Cisco IP Phone is connected is
up-and-running. For example, check if the particular port or switch to which the
phone is connected is down.
Identifying Intermittent Network Outages
Intermittent network outages affect data and voice traffic differently. Your
network might have been experiencing intermittent outages without detection, but
data traffic can resend lost packets and verify packets are received and
transmitted.
However, voice traffic cannot recapture lost packets. Rather than retransmitting a
lost network connection, the phone resets and attempts to reconnect its network
connection.
Therefore, if you are experiencing problems with the voice network, you should
investigate whether an existing problem is simply being exposed at this point.
Verifying DHCP Settings
The following procedure can help you determine if the phone has been properly
configured to use DHCP:
Procedure
Step 1
Verify that you have properly configured the phone to use DHCP. See the
“Modifying DHCP Settings” section on page 4-9 for details.
Step 2
Verify that the DHCP server has been set up properly.
Step 3
Verify the DHCP lease duration. Cisco recommends that you set it to 8 days.
Checking Static IP Address Settings
If the phone has been assigned a static IP address, verify that you have entered the
correct settings. See the “Configuring IP Settings” section on page 4-15.
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Verifying Voice VLAN Configuration
If the Cisco IP Phone appears to reset during heavy network usage (for example,
following extensive web surfing on a computer connected to same switch as
phone), it is likely that you do not have a voice VLAN configured.
Isolating the phones on a separate, auxiliary VLAN increases the quality of the
voice traffic. See “Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the
Cisco Catalyst Family of Switches” section on page 2-3 for more details.
Verifying that the Phones Have Not Been Intentionally Reset
If you are not the only administrator with access to Cisco CallManager, you
should verify that no one else has intentionally reset the phones.
Eliminating DNS or Other Connectivity Errors
If the phone continues to reset, follow this procedure.
Procedure
Step 1
Reset the phone to factory defaults. See the “Resetting the Cisco IP Phone”
section on page 6-8 for details.
Step 2
Modify DHCP and IP settings.
Step 3
a.
Disable DHCP. See the “Modifying DHCP Settings” section on page 4-9 for
details.
b.
Assign static IP values to the phone. See the “Configuring IP Settings”
section on page 4-15 for details. Use the same default router setting used for
other functioning Cisco IP Phones.
c.
Assign TFTP server. See the “Configuring TFTP Options” section on
page 4-28 for details. Use the same TFTP server used for other functioning
Cisco IP Phones.
On the Cisco CallManager server, verify that the local host files have the correct
Cisco CallManager server name mapped to the correct IP address. Refer to
Configuring The IP Hosts File on a Windows 2000 CallManager Server on
Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/AVVID/cm_hosts_file.html
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Step 4
From Cisco CallManager, select System > Server and verify that the server is
being referred to by its IP address and not by its DNS name.
Step 5
From Cisco CallManager, select Device > Phone and verify that you have
assigned the correct MAC address to this Cisco IP Phone.
Step 6
To verify the MAC address on the phone, see the “Verifying Network Settings”
section on page 4-4.
Step 7
Power cycle the phone.
Resolving Known Issues
See Table 6-1 for troubleshooting some common issues that might occur on your
Cisco IP Phones:
Table 6-1
Cisco IP Phone Troubleshooting
Summary
Explanation
Daisy-chaining IP phones
Do not connect an IP phone to another IP phone through the
access port. Each IP phone should directly connect to a switch
port. If you connect IP phones together in a line
(daisy-chaining), a problem with one phone can affect all
subsequent phones in the line. Also, all phones on the line share
bandwidth.
Poor quality when calling digital cell In Cisco CallManager, you can configure the network to use the
phones using the G.729 protocol
G.729 protocol (the default is G.711). When using G.729, calls
between an IP phone and a digital cellular phone will have poor
voice quality. Use G.729 only when absolutely necessary.
Prolonged broadcast storms cause IP Prolonged broadcast storms (lasting several minutes) on the
phones to re-register
voice VLAN cause the IP phones to re-register with another
Cisco CallManager server.
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Table 6-1
Cisco IP Phone Troubleshooting (continued)
Summary
Explanation
Moving a network connection from
the phone to a workstation
If you are powering your phone through the network
connection, you must be careful if you decide to unplug the
phone’s network connection and plug the cable into a desktop
computer.
Caution
The computer’s network card cannot receive power
through the network connection; if power comes
through the connection, the network card can be
destroyed. To prevent this, wait 10 seconds or longer
after unplugging the cable from the phone. This
gives the switch enough time to recognize that there
is no longer a phone on the line, and to stop
providing power to the cable.
Changing the telephone
configuration
By default, the network configuration options are locked to
prevent users from making changes that could impact their
network connectivity. You must unlock the network
configuration options before you can configure them. See the
“Accessing Network Configuration Settings from a Cisco IP
Phone” section on page 4-2 for details.
Phone resetting
The phone resets when it loses contact with the
Cisco CallManager software. This lost connection can be due to
any network connectivity disruption, including cable breaks,
switch outages, and switch reboots.
LCD display issues
If the display appears to have rolling lines or a wavy pattern, it
might be interacting with certain types of older fluorescent
lights in the building. Moving the phone away from the lights,
or replacing the lights, should resolve the problem.
Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) When you are on a call that requires keypad input, if you press
delay
the keys too quickly, some of them might not be recognized.
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Where to Go for More Information
Where to Go for More Information
If you have additional questions about troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phones,
several Cisco.com web sites can provide you with more tips. Choose from the
sites available for your access level:
General Access
•
Cisco IP Phone Troubleshooting Resources:
http://www.cisco.com/pcgi-bin/Support/PSP/psp_view.pl?p=Hardware:IP_P
hones&s=Troubleshooting
•
Cisco IP Phone for Cisco CallManager documentation:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_ipphon/ip_clmgr/
index.htm
•
Cisco Products and Technologies (Cisco Voice Applications, including
Cisco CallManager):
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/44/jump/voice_applications.shtml
•
Cisco Products and Technologies (Telephony, including Cisco IP Phones):
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/44/jump/telephony.shtml
Registered Cisco.com Users
•
Technical Tips for Cisco CallManager, Attendant Applications, Utilities, and
Technologies (includes Cisco IP Phones):
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/AVVID/ccmaaut.shtml
•
Top Issues for Voice, Telephony, and Messaging:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/top_issues/vox/vox_top_issues.sh
tml
•
Cisco Technologies:
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/Support/PSP/index.pl?i=Technologies
•
Cisco Products:
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/Support/PSP/index.pl?i=Products
•
Voice, Telephony, and Messaging Solutions:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/AVVID/avvid_index.shtml
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A P P E N D I X
A
Additional Configuration Methods,
Parameters, and Procedures
The Cisco IP Phone must be correctly configured before it will operate properly.
When you configure a phone, you specify parameters and values that instruct the
phone how to operate in your environment. Configuring provides the phone with
instructions for many aspects of its operation, including how to interact with the
network and how to handle IP telephony protocols.
In general, configuring the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G can be
accomplished through Cisco CallManager and through the network configuration
options on a phone. These processes are described in detail in this manual.
This appendix describes the following additional methods for configuring the
Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G. These methods are optional and are
available to help you configure your phones most efficiently and to provide
certain configuration options that are not available through other methods.
•
Through a profile file—A profile file contains various parameters and values
for phone and network settings. This file is stored on a Trivial File Transfer
Protocol (TFTP) server and is downloaded to the phone.
•
Through the phone’s web page—Each phone has a web page from which you
can view and update many parameter values.
•
Through the phone’s Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system
(Cisco IP Phone 7902G only)
This section covers the following topics:
•
TFTP Configuring, page A-2
•
Web Page Configuring, page A-6
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Appendix A
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
TFTP Configuring
•
Configuration Parameters, page A-11
•
Specifying Firmware Upgrade Instructions for the Cisco IP Phone, page A-21
•
Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the
Cisco IP Phone 7902G, page A-22
•
Changing the Logo on the Cisco IP Phone LCD Screen, page A-27
•
Collecting Information for Troubleshooting, page A-30
TFTP Configuring
You can configure many parameters on the Cisco IP Phone models
7902G/7905G/7912G using a profile file stored on the TFTP server. A profile file
is a binary file that contains a list of tag, length, and value triplets (TLVs) that
represent some of the configuration parameters for the Cisco IP Phone. You can
edit a text version of a profile file and then convert it to a binary file for the phone
to download.
TFTP configuring works as follows:
1.
The Cisco IP Phone 7902G will try to download from the TFTP server the
profile file ffxxxxxxxxxxxx. The Cisco IP Phone model 7905G will try to
download from the TFTP server the profile file ldxxxxxxxxxxxx. The
Cisco IP Phone model 7912G will try to download from the TFTP server the
profile file gkxxxxxxxxxxxx. In these file names, each xx is the two-digit
lowercase hexadecimal representation of each integer in the phone’s MAC
address.
2.
If the ffxxxxxxxxxxxx, ldxxxxxxxxxxxx, or gkxxxxxxxxxxxx profile file does not
exist, the Cisco IP Phone 7902G will try to download the profile file
ffdefault.cfg, the Cisco IP Phone 7905G will try to download profile file
lddefault.cfg, and the Cisco IP Phone 7912G will try to download profile file
gkdefault.cfg
The ffxxxxxxxxxxxx, ldxxxxxxxxxxxx, or gkxxxxxxxxxxxx profile file can be used to
configure a particular Cisco IP Phone. The ffdefault.cfg, lddefault.cfg, or
gkdefault.cfg profile file can be used to simultaneously configure multiple phones
of the same model with the same information.
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Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
TFTP Configuring
Related Topics
•
About Profile Files, page A-3
•
Creating or Updating a Profile File, page A-4
•
Configuration Parameters, page A-11
About Profile Files
The TFTP server stores the common profile file lddefault.cfg and each
phone-specific profile file in binary format. The Cisco IP Phone 7902G profile file
name is ffxxxxxxxxxxxx, where each xx is the two-digit lowercase hexadecimal
representation of each integer in the phone’s MAC address. The
Cisco IP Phone models 7905G/7912G profile file name is ldxxxxxxxxxxxx, where
each xx is the two-digit lowercase hexadecimal representation of each integer in
the phone’s MAC address. The file name must be exactly 14 characters. For
example, if the MAC address is 0.1.45.2.10.20, the file name is ld00012d020a14.
Note
Profile file names begin with “ld,” which is a lowercase “L” followed by a
lowercase “D.”
You can edit a profile file in text format on the TFTP server and then convert it to
the binary format required by the phone. See the “Creating or Updating a Profile
File” section on page A-4 for more information.
Configuration parameters are entered in the format “Parameter:value.” For
example, the following entry specifies that the password for accessing a phone’s
web page or Network Configuration screen is 12345: UIPassword:12345. See the
“Configuration Parameters” section on page A-11 for more information about
parameters and values.
Use the file example_uprofile.txt as a template for creating the text version of
your Cisco IP Phone profile files. You can obtain the latest version of this file
from the CCO website. It is included with the SCCP Software Package Zip file.
Note
A profile file for your phone may contain some parameters that are not described
in this manual. These parameters are reserved for future use or are configured with
factory default settings and should not be changed.
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Appendix A
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
TFTP Configuring
Related Topic
•
Creating or Updating a Profile File, page A-4
Creating or Updating a Profile File
Use the file example_uprofile.txt or an existing text profile file as a template for
creating a text version of a Cisco IP Phone profile file.
Profile File Conventions
A text profile file must conform to the following conventions:
•
The characters #txt must appear at the beginning of the first line of the file so
that the formatting tool, cfgfmt.exe, will treat the file as a text file
•
A pound sign (#) at the beginning of a line indicates a comment
•
Parameter/value pairs are entered in the form parameter:value, where
parameter is the exact name of the parameter and value is a valid value
•
Each parameter/value pair must appear on a its own line
•
All parameter/value pairs are optional, but the Cisco IP Phone Models 7902G
and 7905G might not function properly if some values are missing.
•
A parameter value is one of the following types:
– Alphanumeric string
– Numeric digit string
– Array of short integers
– IP address (for example, 192.168.2.170)
– Extended IP address—IP address with port (for example,
192.168.2.170.9001)
– Boolean (1 or 0)
– Bitmap—unsigned hexadecimal integer (for specifying bits in 32-bit
integer)
– Integer (32-bit integer)
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Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
TFTP Configuring
Editing a Profile File and Converting it to Binary Format
Before you can create a new binary profile file, you will need the cfgfmt.exe tool,
which converts a text profile file to binary format.
The cfgfmt.exe tool requires a parameter tag file named ptag.dat. This file
specifies the type and size of each parameter. It is recommended that you use the
ptag.dat file provided by Cisco.
The cfgfmt.exe tool and the ptag.dat are bundled with the Cisco IP Phone
software. You can also obtain them from the CCO website. They are included with
the SCCP Software Package Zip file.
To create or update a profile file, follow these steps:
Procedure
Step 1
Use a text editor to open the text version of the profile file on the TFTP server.
Step 2
Make changes as needed to the profile file, and save it.
For a description of profile file parameters, see the “Configuration Parameters”
section on page A-11.
Step 3
Open a command window and type the following command to generate the binary
profile file from the text file:
cfgfmt [-tpTagFile] input-text-file output-binary-file
where:
Step 4
•
pTagFile is an optional path to a folder containing the ptag.dat file. Specify
this path if the ptag.dat file is not in the directory from which you are running
the cfgfmt.exe tool.
•
input-text-file is the name of the text version of the profile file.
•
output-binary-file is the name of the binary file that the Cisco IP Phone uses
as the TFTP configuration profile file. See the “About Profile Files” section
on page A-3 for profile file name requirements.
Put the binary file in the root directory on the TFTP server.
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Appendix A
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Web Page Configuring
Web Page Configuring
You can display and configure device and network information for a
Cisco IP Phone by accessing the phone’s web page. You can access the web page
using any graphically capable web browser.
Note
It is recommended that you take care to prevent unauthorized access to a phone’s
web page. It is also recommended that you increase security by setting a password
using the UIPassword parameter in the phone’s profile file. For more information
about this parameter, see Table A-4 on page A-21.
To access the web page for a Cisco IP Phone, perform the following steps.
If you want to edit parameters in the Network Parameters, Tone Parameters, or
Audio Parameters areas, you must first set up a password with the UIPassword
parameter in the profile file. If you do not set up a password, you will be able to
view information in these areas, but you will not be able to change parameters,
and Apply will not be available.
Procedure
Step 1
Open a web browser and enter the URL of the web page for the phone as follows:
http://<Cisco IP Phone IP address>
where Cisco IP Phone IP address is the IP address of the Cisco IP Phone.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, you can determine the IP address through the IVR
system, menu option 21. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR)
System on the Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7905G, you can determine the IP address by pressing the
Menu button, choosing Settings > Network Configuration, and then scrolling to
IP Address.
For example, the configuration page for a Cisco IP Phone with the IP address
192.168.3.225 is:
http://192.168.3.225
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Web Page Configuring
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
From the phone’s web page, choose the hyperlink for the information that you
want to display or configure:
•
Device Information—Display only. For more information, see the “Device
Information” section on page A-8.
•
Network Configuration—Display only. For more information, see the
“Network Configuration” section on page A-8.
•
Network Statistics—Display only. For more information, see the “Network
Statistics” section on page A-10.
•
Device Logs—Display only. For more information, see the “Device Logs”
section on page A-11.
•
Network Parameters—Configurable parameters. For more information, see
the “Network Parameters” section on page A-11.
•
Tone Parameters—Configurable parameters. For more information, see the
“Tone Parameters” section on page A-16.
•
Audio Parameters—Configurable parameters. For more information, see the
“Audio Parameters” section on page A-19.
If you selected Network Parameters, Tone Parameters, or Audio Parameters,
follow these steps:
a.
If you have set up a password with the UIPassword parameter in the profile
file, enter the password in the UIPassword field, and then click Apply. (If you
want to change the password, enter the new password in the two
ChangeUIPassword fields before clicking Apply.)
b.
Make changes to parameters in the Network Parameters, Tone Parameters,
and Audio Parameters areas as needed and lick Apply to save your changes.
Close your web browser.
Related Topics
•
Device Information, page A-8
•
Network Configuration, page A-8
•
Network Statistics, page A-10
•
Device Logs, page A-11
•
Network Parameters, page A-11
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Web Page Configuring
•
Tone Parameters, page A-16
•
Audio Parameters, page A-19
Device Information
The Device Information area of the Cisco IP Phone web page displays the
following information about a phone:
Note
•
MAC address—Unique Media Access Control (MAC) address of the phone
•
Host name—Unique host name assigned to the phone
•
Phone DN—Directory number assigned to the phone
•
App Load ID—Identifier of the firmware running on the phone
•
Boot Load ID—Identifier of the factory-installed load running on the phone
•
Software version—Version of the software running on the phone
•
Hardware revision—Version of the phone hardware
•
Serial number—Serial number of the phone
•
Product ID—Product identifier of the phone
•
Hardware features—Reserved for future use
•
BTXML cards version—Version of the graphics card in the phone
You can access the Device Information area directly from a web browser by
entering this URL: ip-address/DeviceInformation, where ip-address is the IP
address of the phone.
Network Configuration
The Network Configuration area of the Cisco IP Phone web page displays the
following information about a phone:
•
DHCP server—If DHCP is enabled, the DHCP server that the pone contacts.
•
BOOTP server—Not used.
•
MAC address—Unique MAC address of the phone.
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•
Host name—Unique host name assigned to the phone.
•
Domain name—If DHCP is enabled, Domain Name System (DNS) in which
the phone resides.
•
IP address—If DHCP is enabled, Internet protocol (IP) address of the phone.
•
Default gateway—If DHCP is enabled, default gateway used by the phone.
•
Subnet mask—If DHCP is enabled, subnet mask used by the phone.
•
TFTP server 1—If DHCP is enabled, IP address of the primary TFTP server
used by the phone.
•
TFTP server 2—If DHCP is enabled, IP address of the alternate TFTP server
used by the phone.
•
DNS server 1—If DHCP is enabled, IP address of the primary DNS server
used by the phone.
•
DNS server 2—If DHCP is enabled, IP address of the alternate DNS server
used by the phone.
•
Operational VLAN ID—Auxiliary Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN)
configured on a Cisco Catalyst switch in which the phone is a member. If the
phone has not received an auxiliary VLAN, this field reflects the
Administrative VLAN.
•
CallManager 1 – 4—Prioritized list of Cisco CallManager systems that are
available for processing calls from this phone. Possible states include:
– Active—Cisco CallManager server from which the phone is currently
receiving call-processing services.
– Standby—Cisco CallManager server to which the phone switches if the
current server goes down.
– Blank—No TCP connection to this Cisco CallManager server.
This field might also include the Survivable Remote Site Telephony (SRST)
designation, indicating an SRST router that assumes control of call
processing if all other Cisco CallManager servers are unreachable.
•
DHCP enabled—1 if DHCP is enabled. 0 if not.
•
DHCP address released—1 if the DCHP address is released. 0 if not.
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Web Page Configuring
Note
You can access the Network Configuration area directly from a web browser by
entering this URL: ip-address/NetworkConfiguration, where ip-address is the
IP address of the phone.
Network Statistics
The Network Statistics area of the Cisco IP Phone web page displays the
following information about a phone:
Note
•
Elapsed time—Time that has elapsed since the phone or Cisco CallManager
was last reset
•
Receive packets—Number of packets that the phone has received during the
elapsed time
•
Transmit packets—Number of packets that the phone has transmitted during
the elapsed time
•
Broadcast—Number of packets that the network has broadcast during the
elapsed time
•
Multicast—Number of multicast packets on the network during the elapsed
time
•
Receive errors—Number receive errors that the phone has experienced during
the elapsed time
•
Transmit errors—Number transmit errors that the phone has experienced
during the elapsed time
•
Receive overflow—Number packet overflows that the phone has experienced
during the elapsed time
You can access the Network Statistics area directly from a web browser by
entering this URL: ip-address/EthernetInformation, where ip-address is the IP
address of the phone.
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Configuration Parameters
Device Logs
The Device Logs area of the Cisco IP Phone web page displays the name of the
phone’s profile file.
Note
You can access the Device Logs area directly from a web browser by entering this
URL: ip-address/DeviceLog, where ip-address is the IP address of your phone.
Configuration Parameters
This section provides information on the parameters that you can use to configure
the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G through a profile file or through
a phone’s web page.
Note
On the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, some of these parameters can also be configured
through the IVR. See the “Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on
the Cisco IP Phone 7902G” section on page A-22.
These parameters are organized into the following categories:
•
Network parameters—Control various network-related activities of the
phone. See the “Network Parameters” section on page A-11.
•
Tone parameters—Control how the phone handles the various tones that it
plays, and related options. See the “Tone Parameters” section on page A-16.
•
Audio parameters—Control how the phone handles various audio-related
activities. See the “Audio Parameters” section on page A-19.
•
Profile file parameters—Parameters that are available only from the phone’s
profile file. See the “Profile File Parameters” section on page A-20.
Network Parameters
Table A-1 describes the network parameters that you can configure through a
phone’s profile file or through its Network Parameters web page.
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Configuration Parameters
Table A-1
Network Parameters
Parameter
Description
Usage
TftpServer1
IP address of the primary
TFTP server from which the
Cisco IP Phone should
download the .cnf or
.cnf.xml file and the profile
file.
Alphanumeric string up to 31 characters.
If specified, this TFTP server is used instead of the
primary TFTP server provided by the DHCP server.
If 0 is specified, the primary TFTP server provided
by the DHCP server is used.
The default setting is 0.
Note
TftpServer2
IP address of the secondary
TFTP server from which the
Cisco IP Phone should
download the .cnf or
.cnf.xml file and the profile
file.
Do not specify a port number. The
Cisco IP Phone always contacts the TFTP
server at port 69.
Alphanumeric string up to 31 characters.
If specified, this TFTP server is used instead of the
secondary TFTP server provided by the DHCP
server. If 0 is specified, the alternate TFTP server
provided by the DHCP server is used.
The default setting is 0.
Note
Do not specify a port number. The
Cisco IP Phone always contacts the TFTP
server at port 69.
Dhcp
Specifies whether the phone Set to 0 (disable) if you are not using a DHCP server.
contacts the DHCP server to
Set to 1 (enable) if you are using a DHCP server.
obtain values for various
The default setting is 1.
network parameters,
including IP address, router
IP address, and subnet mask.
StaticIP
Static IP address of the
phone when DHCP is not
used.
StaticRoute
Enter the assigned IP address for the phone.
This value is ignored when the Dhcp parameter is
enabled.
Static IP address of the
Enter the assigned IP address of the network router.
network router when DHCP This value is ignored when the Dhcp parameter is
is not used.
enabled.
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Table A-1
Network Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
Usage
StaticNetMask
Static subnet mask of the
phone when DHCP is not
used.
Enter the subnet mask for the phone.
Domain name on the
network in which the phone
operates, used in the
creation of the endpoint
identifier.
Alphanumeric string up to 31 characters.
Domain
This value is ignored when the Dhcp parameter is
enabled.
For example, if the name of the endpoint is aaln1 and
the domain is cisco.com, the endpoint identifier is
aaln1@cisco.com.
•
0—Use the DHCP-provided domain name if
available; otherwise use the static IP address.
•
string—Use the specified domain name string
and overwrite any DHCP-provided domain
name.
The default setting is 0.
DnsServer1
IP address of the primary
DNS server.
The address specified overwrites the primary DNS
server address supplied by DHCP. Set 0 or 0.0.0.0 if
you want the phone to use the address supplied by
DHCP.
The default setting is 0.
Note
DnsServer2
IP address of the secondary
DNS server.
Do not specify a port number. The
Cisco IP Phone uses the default DNS port.
The address specified overwrites the secondary DNS
server address supplied by DHCP. Set 0 or 0.0.0.0 if
you want the phone to use the address supplied by
DHCP.
The default setting is 0.
Note
Do not specify a port number. The
Cisco IP Phone uses the default DNS port.
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Configuration Parameters
Table A-1
Network Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
Usage
OpFlags
Enables or disables various
features on the phone.
Bit map, as follows:
•
Bit 0 (mask 0x1)—If 1, ignore the
DHCP-assigned TFTP file name and use the
following file name when using TFTP for
configuring: ffxxxxxxxxxxxx (Cisco IP Phone
7902G) or ldxxxxxxxxxxxx (Cisco IP Phone
models 7905G/7912G), where each xx is the
two-digit lowercase hexadecimal representation
of each integer in the phone’s MAC address.
•
Bit 1 (mask 0x2)—If the phone is configured to
use static IP (that is, the router and gateway
addresses are statically assigned), set to 1 to
prevent probing at boot time. Otherwise, the
phone probes the route/gateway address to
determine if there is network connectivity.
•
Bit 2—Reserved for future use.
•
Bit 3 (mask 0x8)—If 1, do not request DHCP
option 150 in the DHCP DISCOVERY message.
•
Bit 4 (mask 0x10)—If 1, assume operation
under VLAN. (The VLAN ID is specified in the
VLANSetting parameter.)
•
Bit 5 (mask 0x20)—If 1, turn off VLAN IP
encapsulation.
•
Bit 6 (mask 0x40)—If 1, do not perform CDP1
discovery.
•
Bit 7 (mask 0x80)—If 1, do not allow web
configuration of the phone.
•
Bit 8 (mask 0x100)—Not used on the
Cisco IP Phone 7905G. On the Cisco IP Phone
7902G, if set to 1, the IP address cannot be
refreshed through an HTTP request.
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Table A-1
Network Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
OpFlags con’t.
Usage
•
Bit 9 (mask 0x200)—Not used on the
Cisco IP Phone 7905G. On the Cisco IP Phone
7902G, if set to 1, the IP address cannot be reset
through an HTTP request.
The default value is 0x00000002.
VLANSetting
Specifies various VLAN
settings.
Bit map, as follows:
•
Bits 0–2 (mask 0x7)—Designate 802.1Q
priority for signalling IP packets.
•
Bits 3–5 (mask 0x38)—Designates 802.1Q
priority for audio voice IP packets.
•
Bits 6–17 (mask 0x3ffc0)—Reserved for future
use.
•
Bits 18–29 (mask 0x3ffc0000)—User-specified
802.1Q VLAN id.
•
Bits 30–31 (mask 0xc0000000)—Reserved for
future use.
The default setting is 0x0000002b.
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Configuration Parameters
Table A-1
Network Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
Usage
Nprintf
IP address and port of a
server to which
Cisco IP Phone
troubleshooting messages
are sent.
Enter the extended IP address of the server to which
troubleshooting messages are sent and collected in a
log file.
The default value is 0, which specifies that no
messages are sent.
Note
To collect troubleshooting messages, the
prserv.exe tool must be running on the server
specified with this parameter.
For more information about using Nprintf and
preserv.exe to collect troubleshooting information,
see the “Collecting Information for
Troubleshooting” section on page A-30.
TraceFlags
Enables specific trace
features.
Bit map
Bit 0–31—Reserved for future use.
Should be set to zero (0). The default setting is
0x00000000.
1. CDP = Cisco Discovery Protocol
Tone Parameters
Table A-2 describes the tone parameters that you can configure through a phone’s
profile file or through its Tone Parameters web page.
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Table A-2
Tone Parameters
Parameter
Description
Usage
SigTimer
Timeout values for signaling Bit map, as follows:
events.
Bits 0 – 7—Interval between each call-waiting tone.
The range is 0 to 255. The setting 0 specifies the
factory default. Any other number specifies the
interval in 0.1 second increments. The default
setting is 100 (0x64, 10 seconds).
Bits 8 – 27—Reserved for future use. Should be set
to 0.
Bits 28 – 29—First repeat interval for the Volume
and Navigation buttons. That is, the button takes
effect the first time a user presses and holds down the
button for the interval specified. The range is 0 to 3
(0 = one second; 2 = two seconds; 3 = three seconds;
1 disables the Volume and Navigation button repeat
interval). The default value is 0.
Bits 30 – 31—Subsequent repeat interval for the
Volume and Navigation buttons. For example, the
volume increases or decreases when a user continues
to hold down the Volume button for the interval
specified. The range is 0 to 1 (0=0.25 seconds; 1 =
0.50 seconds; 2=0.75 seconds; 3 = one second). The
default value is 0.
RingCadence
Ringer cadence pattern.
Three comma-separated integers, a,b,c, where:
•
a—Number of seconds to wait before turning
the ring on.
•
b—Number of seconds to wait before turning
the ring off.
•
c—Ring frequency.
The default value is 2,4,25.
Note
The ring frequency portion of this parameter
is currently not enabled and must be set
to 25.
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Configuration Parameters
Table A-2
Tone Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
Usage
DialTone
—
Not used because
Cisco CallManager provides
a tone configuration file to
the phone.
BusyTone
—
Not used because
Cisco CallManager provides
a tone configuration file to
the phone.
ReorderTone
—
Not used because
Cisco CallManager provides
a tone configuration file to
the phone.
RingBackTone
—
Not used because
Cisco CallManager provides
a tone configuration file to
the phone.
CallWaitTone
Tone that alerts a user on a Comma-separated string of nine integers, a through
call that there is an incoming i. See the DialTone parameter for a description of
these integers.
call.
Note
For this parameter, the value for total
duration of tone specifies the number of
samples at 8,000 samples per second.
The default value is
1,30831,0,5493,0,0,2400,2400,4800.
ConfirmTone
Comma-separated string of nine integers, a through
Tone that confirms
successful completion of an i. See the DialTone parameter for a description of
these integers.
operation such as call
forwarding.
Note
For this parameter, the value for total
duration of tone specifies the number of
samples at 8,000 samples per second.
The default value is
1,30467,0,5970,0,0,480,480,1920.
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Audio Parameters
Table A-3 describes the network parameters that you can configure through a
phone’s profile file or through its Audio Parameters web page.
Table A-3
Audio Parameters
Parameter
Description
Usage
AudioMode
Allows control of
audio-related functions.
Bit map, as follows:
•
Bit 0 (mask 0x1)—If 0, disable G.711 or G.729
silence suppression. If 1, enable G.711 or G.729
silence suppression. The default setting is 1
•
Bit 1 (mask 0x2)—If 0, use G.711 codec only;
do not use low-bit-rate codec. If 1, use both
G.711 and low-bit-rate codec.
•
Bits 2–3 (mask 0x4)—Reserved for future use.
•
Bits 4–5 (mask 0x30): DTMF transmission
method:
– 0—Always in-band.
– 1—By negotiation.
– 2—Always out-of-band.
– 3—Neither in-band nor out-of-band.
•
Bits 6–31—Reserved for future use.
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Table A-3
Audio Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Description
Usage
ConnectMode
Connection mode of the
protocol used by the
Cisco IP Phone.
Bit map, as follows:
•
Bit 0–29—Reserved for future use. Must be set
to 0.
•
Bit 30 (mask 0x40000000)—If 1, enable
Cisco IOS Telephony Solution (ITS) support to
handle the differences between
Cisco CallManager and Cisco ITS. Cisco ITS
runs on an IOS router and is a subset of
Cisco CallManager. If you have Cisco ITS, refer
to the documentation for that product.
•
Bit 31 (mask 0x80000000)—If 1, enable
downloading and processing of .cnf.xml
configuration file information sent by
Cisco CallManager.
NumTxFrames
Not used.
UDPTOS
UDP1 IP ToS2. Determines Bit map value.
the precedence and delay of Use only the lower 8 bits. Upper bits should be set to
sent IP packets.
0.
The default setting is 0xB8.
MediaPort
Port number where the
Cisco IP Phone sends and
receives RTP streams.
Enter an even number from 0 to 65535. Each
connection uses the next available even-numbered
port for RTP.
If set to 0, use the default value.
The default setting is 16384.
1. UDP = User Datagram Protocol
2. ToS = type of service
Profile File Parameters
Table A-4 describes the parameters that you can configure through a phone’s
profile file only.
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Table A-4
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Specifying Firmware Upgrade Instructions for the Cisco IP Phone
Profile File Parameters
Parameter
Description
Usage
UIPassword
Password for accessing the
phone’s Change
Configuration web pages or
to unlock the phone’s
Network Configuration
screen for editing.
Alphanumeric string up to nine characters.
If set to 0, no password is required.
After a password is set with this parameter, the
password can be changed from the phone’s web
page. For more information, see the “Web Page
Configuring” section on page A-6.
Note
Changing a password from the phone’s web
page does not change the password in the
profile file. If the phone downloads the
profile file, the password will be reset as
specified in the profile file.
upgradecode
Provides information for
upgrading the firmware on
the phone.
See the “Specifying Firmware Upgrade Instructions
for the Cisco IP Phone” section on page A-21.
upgradelogo
Allows you to specify the
graphic that appears on the
phone’s LCD screen.
See the “Changing the Logo on the Cisco IP Phone
LCD Screen” section on page A-27.
Specifying Firmware Upgrade Instructions for the
Cisco IP Phone
You can use the upgradecode parameter in a profile file to provide special upgrade
instructions to the Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G. To provide
upgrade instructions in this way, add the following line to the Cisco IP Phone
profile file:
upgradecode:3,type,0x0400,0x0100,tftp_server_ip,69,image_id,
image_file_name
where:
•
type is 0x401 for the Cisco IP Phone 7902G, 0x501 for the Cisco IP Phone
7905G, or 0x601 for the Cisco IP Phone 7912G.
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Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
•
tftp_server_ip is the IP address of the TFTP server on which the firmware
upgrade image is stored. Enter 0 to use the TFTP server specified by the
TFTPServer1 parameter or by DHCP.
•
image_id is a unique 32-bit integer value. This value must be different for
each upgrade. For this value, it is convenient to use 0x followed by the build
date on the image file name. (For example, if the image file name is
CP79050101SCCP030323A.ZUP, then the build date is 30323A, and
image_id would be 0x30323A.)
•
image_file_name is the file name of the firmware upgrade image.
Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System
on the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
The IVR system on your Cisco IP Phone 7902G lets you verify or change settings
on your phone. You can access the IVR system through the Menu button on your
phone.
IVR System Menu Codes
The following table lists the IVR menu codes. Use these codes when you navigate
the IVR system using your keypad. The codes of settings that you will probably
use most often are numbers 1, 2, 10, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, and 905.
Menu Code
Description
1
Sets the static IP address
2
Sets the static route address
10
Sets the subnet mask
20
Enables or disables DHCP
21
Reviews the IP address
22
Reviews the route address
23
Reviews the subnet mask
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Menu Code
Description
24
Reviews the MAC address
35
Sets the frame-per-packet
81
Sets the nprintf IP address and port
202
Sets the media port number
255
Sets the UDPTOS parameter
311
Sets the connect mode
312
Sets the audio mode
313
Sets the trace flags
318
Sets the SigTimer
323
Sets operational flags
324
Sets VLAN settings
905
Sets the TFTP Server 1
916
Sets the DNS Server 1
917
Sets the DNS Server 2
920
Sets the dial tone
921
Sets the busy tone
922
Sets the reorder tone
923
Sets the ring back tone
924
Sets the call waiting tone
925
Sets the confirmation tone
929
Sets the ring cadence
931
Sets the domain name
935
Sets the TFTP Server 2
4444
Performs a DHCP release
7387277
Sets the UI password
322873738
Resets the phone to the factory default settings
For more information about these settings, see the “Configuration Parameters”
section on page A-11.
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Appendix A Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Entering Data in the IVR System
You can enter both numeric and alphanumeric data in the IVR system.
Entering Numeric Data
Numeric input includes numbers from 0–9, and may include periods (.). For
example, to enter an IP address, use the dial pad to enter the numbers and use the
* to enter periods (.), followed by the # sign to complete your input.
Entering Alphanumeric Data
Alphanumeric input includes numbers from 0–9, alphabetic characters, both
uppercase and lowercase, and symbols. When entering alphanumeric input, use
the dial pad and press a number key the appropriate number of times to access the
correct letter, number, or symbol you need, followed by the # sign, and another #
sign to complete your input. See the following table as a guide.
Dial Pad#
Alphanumeric Characters
0
0
1
1 . /_\ @ * space return + - ! , ? | ~ ^ # = $ “ ' ` % < > [ ] : ;
{}()&
2
2abcABC
3
3defDEF
4
4ghiGHI
5
5jklJKL
6
6mnoMNO
7
7pqrsPQRS
8
8tuvTUV
9
9wxyzWXYZ
Examples
To enter 44_A, press the following keys:
4#4#1111#22222##
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Appendix A
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
To change the UI Password (menu code 7387277) to 7902, press the following
keys:
7#9#0#2##
Special Characters
When you enter data in the IVR using the dial pad, the IVR announces your input
back to you after each pressed key. For example, if you press the 4 key once, the
IVR announces “4”. If you press the 4 key twice, the IVR announces “g”.
However, for special characters represented by the 1 key (except l, ., *), the IVR
announces “x” plus the hexadecimal value of the ASCII character. For example,
when pressing the 1 key for a / (slash) character, the IVR announces “x2f”; for a
+ character, the IVR announces “x2b”. See the following table, which provides
the hexadecimal values for special characters.
Alphanumeric Character
via the 1 Key
Hexadecimal Value Announced
by the IVR
/
x2f
_
x5f
\
x5c
@
x40
space
x20
return
x0a
+
x2b
-
x2d
!
x21
,
x2c
?
x3f
|
x7c
~
x7e
^
x5e
#
x23
=
x3d
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Appendix A Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Using the Interactive Voice Response (IVR) System on the Cisco IP Phone 7902G
Alphanumeric Character
via the 1 Key
Hexadecimal Value Announced
by the IVR
$
x24
“
x22
'
x27
`
x60
%
x25
<
x3c
>
x3e
[
x5b
]
x5d
:
x3a
;
x3b
{
x7b
}
x7d
(
x28
)
x29
&
x26
Navigating the IVR System
To enter the IVR menu, follow these steps:
Procedure
Step 1
Lift the handset, then press and hold the Menu button for about 3 seconds.
Step 2
The IVR system plays the following prompts:
•
Press 1 # to configure IP
•
Press 2 # to configure route
•
Press 10 # to configure subnet mask
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Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Changing the Logo on the Cisco IP Phone LCD Screen
Step 3
•
Press 20 # to configure DHCP
•
Press # to go to the extended menu
Enter the voice menu code for the setting that you want to verify or change, and
then press #.
Note
Use the * key to toggle between alphanumeric and numeric input mode.
For example, when you enter 905 #, the IVR prompts you for
alphanumeric input. When you enter 905 * #, the IVR prompts you for
numeric data.
Step 4
Follow the prompts and enter the appropriate values.
Step 5
The IVR repeats the value you entered, then prompts you to press one of the
following keys:
Step 6
•
1=Change your entered value
•
2=Review your entered value
•
3=Save your entered value
•
4=Review the current saved value
Hang up the phone. The phone resets.
Changing the Logo on the Cisco IP Phone LCD Screen
Note
This section does not apply to the Cisco IP Phone 7902G.
When the Cisco IP Phone models 7905G and 7912G are not in use for a call, a
graphic appears on the LCD screen. Using TFTP configuring, you can change this
graphic to one that you provide. For example, you might change the graphic to
your company logo.
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Appendix A
Changing the Logo on the Cisco IP Phone LCD Screen
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Before you can change the graphic on the phone, you must use a graphics program
to create an image with the following attributes:
•
Width of 88 pixels.
•
Height of 27 pixels.
•
Monochrome (black-and-white).
•
Saved as bitmap file with the extension .bmp. For example, mylogo.bmp.
In addition, you will need the bmp2logo.exe tool, which converts your bitmap
image file to a .logo file that can be downloaded to the phone. This tool is bundled
with the Cisco IP Phone software. You can also obtain it from the CCO website at
the following URL. It is included with the SCCP Software Package Zip file.
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/ip_phone_client
To change the graphic that appears on a Cisco IP Phone, follow these steps:
Procedure
Step 1
Open a command window and type the following command:
bmp2logo imageID image.bmp image.logo
where:
•
imageID is a unique identifier for the new graphic. This identifier must be a
number from 0 through 4294967296 and must be different than the identifier
of the graphic that is currently on the phone.
•
image is the base file name of the image that you previously created and saved
with the graphics program.
Note
The imageID of the image that comes with the phone is 1.
For example, if the image identifier is 10 and the base name of your image file is
mylogo, type this command:
bmp2logo 10 mylogo.bmp mylogo.logo
Step 2
Copy the image.logo file to the TFTPPATH directory on the TFTP server.
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Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Changing the Logo on the Cisco IP Phone LCD Screen
Step 3
Add the following line to the Cisco IP Phone profile file.
For detailed information about using profile files, see the “TFTP
Configuring” section on page A-2.
Note
upgradelogo:imageID,TFTPServerID,image.logo
where:
•
imageID is the same unique identifier that you specified in Step 1.
•
TFTPServerID is the IP address of the TFTP server on which the image.logo
file is stored. If the image.logo file is stored on the same TFTP server as the
Cisco IP Phone configuration file, replace TFTPServerID with the numeral 0.
•
image is the base file name of the image file.
For example, if the image identifier is 10, the converted file is stored on the same
TFTP server as the Cisco IP Phone configuration file, and the base name of the
converted image file is mylogo, add the following line to the configuration file:
upgradelogo:10,0,mylogo.logo
Step 4
Use the cfgfmt.exe tool to generate a binary profile file from the text file.
Put the binary file in these locations:
•
The root directory on the TFTP server (C:\Program Files\cisco\tftppath)
•
The network locale directories on the TFTP server for each language that is
supported by Cisco CallManager.
The default network locale directory on the TFTP server is C:\Program Files\
cisco\tftppath\United_States.
Note
Step 5
For detailed information about using the cfgfmt.exe tool, see the “Editing
a Profile File and Converting it to Binary Format” section on page A-5.
Power cycle the phone.
The new graphic appears when the phone restarts.
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Appendix A
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Collecting Information for Troubleshooting
Collecting Information for Troubleshooting
You can collect information relating to the operations of the Cisco IP Phone
models 7902G/7905G/7912G and store this information in a log file on a server
that you specify. If you experience a problem with a phone, this information can
be useful for troubleshooting.
To collect information for troubleshooting, you will need the nprintf.exe tool.
This tool is bundled with the Cisco IP Phone software. You can also obtain this
tool from the CCO website. It is included with the SCCP Software Package Zip
file.
To collect troubleshooting information in a log file, follow these steps:
Step 1
Add the following line to the Cisco IP Phone profile file:
Nprintf:IPaddress.listen_port
where:
•
IPaddress is the IP address of the server to which information will be sent.
•
listen_port is the port to which information is sent on the server specified.
For example, if you want to send information port 9001 on a server with an IP
address of 192.168.2.170, set the Nprintf parameter to 192.168.2.170.9001.
Note
If you set this parameter to 0 or to 0.0.0.0.0, no information will be sent
from the phone.
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Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Collecting Information for Troubleshooting
Step 2
On the server that will receive information, open a command window and type the
following command:
prserv [listen-port]
where listen_port is the same port that you specified with the Nprintf parameter.
If you do not specify a port, 9001 is used by default.
While pserv is running, information from the Cisco IP Phone is sent to a file
named listen-port.log, where listen-port is the port you specified with the Nprintf
parameter and the prserv command. This file is stored on the server you specified
with the Nprintf parameter in the folder from which you ran the preserv command.
If the file exists, new information is appended to it.
You can open a listen-port.log file using a text editor.
Step 3
To exit prserv.exe and stop collecting information, press Ctrl-C in the command
window.
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Appendix A
Additional Configuration Methods, Parameters, and Procedures
Collecting Information for Troubleshooting
Note
If you want to collect information from more than one Cisco IP Phone, it is
recommended that you store information in a separate listen-port.log file for each
phone. If you store all information in a single file, it can be difficult to identify
which messages belong to which phones. To generate separate listen-port.log
files, configure each phone using its own profile file or web page. For each phone,
use the Nprintf parameter in the profile file or web pate to specify a unique port
number on the server to which information will be sent. Then, run prserv.exe
multiple times, once for each phone from which you want to collect information.
Run each instance of preserv.exe in its own command window. For each instance,
make sure to specify a port number that corresponds to a port number in a Nprintf
parameter.
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A P P E N D I X
B
Technical Specifications
The following sections describe the technical specifications for the
Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G.
•
Physical and Operating Environment Specifications, page B-1
•
Cable Specifications, page B-2
•
Network Port Pinouts, page B-2
Physical and Operating Environment Specifications
Table B-1 shows the physical and operating environment specifications for the
Cisco IP Phone models 7902G/7905G/7912G.
Table B-1
Physical and Operating Specification
Specification
Value or Range
Operating temperature
0° to 40°C (32° to 104°F)
Operating relative
humidity
10% to 95% (non-condensing)
Storage temperature
-10° to 60°C (14° to 140°F)
Height
20.32 cm (8 in.)
Width
17.67 cm (7 in.)
Depth
15.24 cm (6 in.)
Weight
0.9 kg (1.9 lb)
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Appendix B
Technical Specifications
Cable Specifications
Table B-1
Physical and Operating Specification (continued)
Specification
Power
Cables
Value or Range
•
100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz, 0.5 A—when using the
AC adapter
•
48 VDC, 0.2 A—when using the in-line power
over the network cable
Two (2) pair of Category 3 for 10-Mbps cables
Two (2) pair of Category 5 for 100-Mbps cables
Distance Requirements As supported by the Ethernet Specification, it is
assumed that most Cisco IP Phones should be within
100m (330 feet) of a phone closet.
Cable Specifications
•
RJ-11 jack for handset connection
•
RJ-45 jack for the LAN 10/100BASE-T connection (labeled LAN)
•
48-volt power connector. The diameter of the center pin in the phone power
jack (Switchcraft 712A) is .1 inch (2.5 mm). The center pin is positive (+)
voltage. The miniature power plug required to mate with the power jack on
the phone is a Switchcraft 760 or equivalent.
Network Port Pinouts
Although both the network and access ports are used for network connectivity,
they serve different purposes and have different port pinouts.
Network Port Connector
Table B-2 describes the network port connector pinouts.
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Appendix B
Technical Specifications
Network Port Pinouts
Table B-2
Network Port Connector Pinouts
Pin Number
Function
1
TD+
2
TD-
3
RD+
4
+48 Volts return1
5
+48 Volts return1
6
RD-
7
+48 Volts source1
8
+48 Volts source1
1. When used to receive power from an inline
power card in the Cisco Catalyst switch.
Access Port Connector
Table B-3 describes the access port connector pinouts.
Table B-3
Access Port Connector Pinouts
Pin Number
Function
1
RD+
2
RD-
3
TD+
4
Not Used
5
Not Used
6
TD-
7
Not Used
8
Not Used
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Appendix B
Technical Specifications
Network Port Pinouts
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I N D EX
TFTP server 4-28
A
audience, for this document xi
AC adapter
AudioMode parameter A-19
connecting to 3-5
audio parameter
providing power using 2-9
AudioMode A-19
access port
ConnectMode A-20
connecting 3-5
MediaPort A-20
purpose 2-9
NumTxFrames A-20
active Cisco CallManager server,
description 4-8
adding
UDPTOS A-20
auto answer, description 5-3
auto-registration, using 2-12
Cisco IP Phones manually 2-14
auxiliary VLAN
Cisco IP Phones using auto-registration 2-12
description 2-3
Cisco IP Phones using Bulk Administration
Tool 2-17
network setting 4-6
Cisco IP Phones using DHCP 2-14
users to Cisco CallManager 5-7
B
administrative VLAN, description 4-6
alternate TFTP, network setting 4-9
BAT, adding phones with 2-17
App Load ID A-8
bmp2logo.exe A-28
assigning
Boot Load ID A-8
default router 4-17
BOOTP server A-8
DNS servers 4-22
BootP Server, network setting 4-5
domain name 4-20
Broadcast A-10
IP address 4-15
BTXML cards version A-8
subnet mask 4-19
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Index
Bulk Administration Tool, adding phones
with 2-17
BusyTone parameter A-18
Cisco IP Phone
adding manually to Cisco CallManager 2-14
adding to Cisco CallManager 2-12
configuration requirements 1-12
installation overview 1-12
C
installation procedure 3-4
caller ID, description 5-4
installation requirements 1-12
CallManager 1 – 4 A-9
mounting to wall 3-8
call park, description 5-3
power sources 2-9
call pickup, description 5-3
registering 2-12
call waiting, description 5-4
registering with Cisco CallManager 2-12
CallWaitTone parameter A-18
resetting 6-8
caution, cell phone interference 1-1
supported networking protocols 1-7
CDP, description 1-7
technical specifications B-1
CDP discovery A-14
troubleshooting 6-1
cell phone, interference 1-1
Cisco IP Phone 7902G
cfgfmt.exe A-5
features 1-2
Cisco Call Back 5-4
figure 1-2, 3-6
Cisco CallManager
upgrading firmware A-21
active, description 4-8
Cisco IP Phone 7905G
adding phone to database of 2-12
features 1-2, 1-4
context-sensitive help for 2-12
figure 1-2, 1-4, 3-6
interactions with 2-2
graphic on LCD screen A-27
required for Cisco IP Phones 3-2
upgrading firmware A-21
standby description 4-8
verifying settings 6-16
Cisco IP Phone 7912G
features 1-4
Cisco Catalyst switches, interaction with 2-3
figure 1-4, 3-7
Cisco discovery protocol (CDP),
description 1-7
graphic on LCD screen A-27
upgrading firmware A-21
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conference, description 5-4
DHCP
configuration file, creating 6-17
adding phones that use 2-14
configuration parameter
address released, network setting 4-8
See parameter
description 1-7
disabling 4-11
configuring
alternate methods A-1
enabled, network setting 4-8
from a Cisco IP Phone 4-2
enabling 4-10
methods 4-1
releasing addresses 4-13
overview 1-12
server, network setting 4-5
startup network settings 3-10
troubleshooting 6-19
through phone’s web page 4-3, A-6
DHCP address released A-9
user features 5-7
DHCP enabled A-9
VLAN settings 4-24
Dhcp parameter A-12
ConfirmTone parameter A-18
DHCP server A-8
connecting
DialTone parameter A-18
handset 3-4
directory, corporate 5-7
to AC adapter 3-5
directory numbers, assigning manually 2-14
to a computer 3-5
displaying, network statistics 6-3
to the network 3-4
DNS server
ConnectMode parameter A-20
assigning 4-22
corporate directory, configuring 5-7
troubleshooting 6-20
verifying settings 6-16
DNS server 1 A-9
D
DnsServer1 parameter A-13
daisy chaining, not supported 6-21
DNS server 2 A-9
data VLAN, description 2-3
DnsServer2 parameter A-13
Default gateway A-9
documentation
default router, assigning 4-17
additional xiii
for users 5-10
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Index
Domain name A-9
updating 6-10
domain name
upgrading A-21
verifying version 6-6
assigning 4-20
network setting 4-5
forward, description 5-5
Domain parameter A-13
dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP),
description 1-7
G
group call pickup, description 5-5
E
Elapsed time A-10
erase configuration, procedure 6-8
example_uprofile.txt A-3, A-4
H
handset, connecting 3-4
handset port, connecting to 3-4
Hardware features A-8
Hardware revision A-8
F
hold, description 5-5
features
Host name A-8, A-9
configuring on phone, overview 1-11
host name, network setting 4-5
configuring with Cisco CallManager,
overview 1-10
informing users about, overview 1-11
I
figure
Cisco IP Phone 7902G 1-2
Cisco IP Phone 7902G cable connections 3-6
Cisco IP Phone 7905G 1-2, 1-4
Cisco IP Phone 7905G cable connections 3-6
Cisco IP Phone 7912G 1-4
Cisco IP Phone 7912G cable connections 3-7
inline power 2-9
installing
Cisco CallManager configuration 3-2
network requirements 3-2
preparing 2-12
procedure 3-4
requirements, overview 1-12
firmware
identifier A-8
safety warnings 3-3
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interference, cell phone 1-1
network connections
internet protocol (IP), description 1-8
access port 2-9
IP, description 1-8
network port 2-8
IP address A-9
assigning 4-15
network connectivity, verifying 6-14
networking protocol
network setting 4-5
CDP 1-7
troubleshooting 6-15
DHCP 1-7
IP 1-8
RTP 1-8
L
TCP 1-8
lddefault.cfg profile file A-2
TFTP 1-8
ldxxxxxxxxxxxx profile file A-2
UDP 1-8
local configuration, erasing 6-8
networking protocols, supported 1-7
log file A-31
networking settings, accessing 4-2
network outages, identifying 6-19
network parameter
M
Dhcp A-12
MAC address A-8
DnsServer1 A-13
MAC address, network setting 4-5
DnsServer2 A-13
MediaPort parameter A-20
Domain A-13
meet-me conference, description 5-6
Nprintf A-16
model, verifying 6-5
OpFlags A-14
Multicast A-10
StaticIP A-12
music-on-hold, description 5-6
StaticNetMask A-13
StaticRoute A-12
TftpServer1 A-12
N
TftpServer2 A-12
native VLAN, description 2-3
TraceFlags A-16
VLANSetting A-15
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network port
Operational VLAN ID A-9
connecting to 3-4
OpFlags parameter A-14
purpose 2-8
overview, configuring Cisco IP Phones 1-12
network requirements, for installing 3-2
network setting
administrative VLAN 4-6
alternate TFTP 4-9
P
parameter
BootP Server 4-5
audio A-19 to A-20
DHCP address released 4-8
format A-3, A-4
DHCP enabled 4-8
in profile file only A-20
DHCP server 4-5
network A-11 to A-16
domain name 4-5
tone A-16 to A-18
host name 4-5
types A-4
IP address 4-5
password A-21
MAC address 4-5
phone directory
operational VLAN 4-6
See corporate directory
SRST 4-8
Phone DN A-8
subnet mask 4-5
physical connection, verifying 6-19
TFTP server 4-6
plugging in Cisco IP Phone 3-4
network settings
accessing 4-2
startup configuration 3-10
power patch panel, providing power using 2-9
power source
description 2-9
nprintf.exe A-30
design of 2-10
Nprintf parameter A-16, A-30
external 2-9
NumTxFrames parameter A-20
power patch panel
about 2-9
redundancy for 2-11
O
Product ID A-8
operational VLAN, description 4-6
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profile file
R
about A-2
binary A-3
common A-3
conventions A-4
converting to binary A-5
creating A-5
defined A-1
editing A-3, A-5
file name conventions A-3
for individual phone A-2
for multiple phones A-2, A-3
real-time transport protocol (RTP),
description 1-8
Receive errors A-10
Receive overflow A-10
Receive packets A-10
redial, description 5-6
redundancy, for power 2-11
registration, resolving problems with 6-13
ReorderTone parameter A-18
resetting
Cisco IP phone 6-8
lddefault.cfg A-2
continuously 6-18
ldxxxxxxxxxxxx A-2
intentionally 6-20
sample file A-3
text A-3, A-4
provisioning
individual phone A-2
multiple phones A-2
resolving, startup problems 6-12
RingBackTone parameter A-18
RingCadence parameter A-17
RTP, description 1-8
through TFTP A-2
prserv A-31
S
ptag.dat A-5
safety warnings, for installation 3-3
Serial number A-8
Q
serial number, verifying 6-5
Quality Reporting Tool 5-6
services
about 5-8
setting up 5-8
subscribing to 5-8
SigTimer parameter A-17
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Software version A-8
speed dial, description 5-6
survivable remote site telephony, network
setting 4-8
symptom
SRST A-9
LCD screen does not display 6-12
SRST, network setting 4-8
standby Cisco CallManager server,
description 4-8
phone does not register 6-13
startup
phone resetting 6-18
phone does not start 6-12
failure 6-12
resolving problems with 6-12
startup process
T
accessing TFTP server 2-6
tag, length, and value triplets A-2
configuring VLAN 2-5
TCP, description 1-8
contacting Cisco CallManager 2-7
loading stored phone image 2-5
technical specifications, for Cisco IP
Phone B-1
obtaining IP address 2-5
telephony features
obtaining power 2-4
auto answer 5-3
requesting configuration file 2-6
caller ID 5-4
understanding 2-4
call park 5-3
verifying 3-9
call pickup 5-3
StaticIP parameter A-12
call waiting 5-4
StaticNetMask parameter A-13
conference 5-4
StaticRoute parameter A-12
forward 5-5
statistics, network 6-3
group call pickup 5-5
status, viewing messages 6-2
hold 5-5
status messages, description 6-2
meet-me conference 5-6
Subnet mask A-9
music-on-hold 5-6
subnet mask
redial 5-6
assigning 4-19
speed dial 5-6
network setting 4-5
transfer 5-6
voice messaging system 5-6
Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide for Cisco CallManager 3.3, Cisco IP Phones 7902G/7905G/7912G
IN-8
OL-6313-01
Index
TFTP
troubleshooting
alternate, network setting 4-9
Cisco CallManager settings 6-16
description 1-8
Cisco IP Phone 6-1
enabling alternate server 4-30
collecting information for A-30
server, assigning 4-28
DHCP 6-19
server, network setting 4-6
DNS 6-20
server setting on phone 4-6
DNS settings 6-16
troubleshooting 6-15
IP addressing and routing 6-15
TFTP provisioning, about A-2
network connectivity 6-14
TFTP server 1 A-9
network outages 6-19
TFTP server 2 A-9
phones resetting 6-20
TftpServer2 parameter A-12
physical connection 6-19
tone parameter
server to which messages are sent A-16
BusyTone A-18
services on Cisco CallManager 6-16
CallWaitTone A-18
TFTP settings 6-15
ConfirmTone A-18
VLAN configuration 6-20
DialTone A-18
TrtpServer1 parameter A-12
ReorderTone A-18
RingBackTone A-18
RingCadence A-17
SigTimer A-17
U
UDP, description 1-8
TraceFlag parameter A-16
UDPTOS parameter A-20
transfer, description 5-6
UIPassword parameter A-21
transmission control protocol (TCP),
description 1-8
understanding
Transmit errors A-10
Transmit packets A-10
trivial file transfer protocol (TFTP),
description 1-8
interactions with Cisco CallManager 2-2
interactions with Cisco Catalyst switches 2-3
startup process 2-4
upgradecode parameter A-21
upgradelogo A-21, A-29
Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide for Cisco CallManager 3.3, Cisco IP Phones 7902G/7905G/7912G
OL-6313-01
IN-9
Index
upgrading firmware A-21
W
user datagram protocol (UDP), description 1-8
wall mounting, Cisco IP Phone 3-8
users
accessing voice messages 5-11
web page
adding to Cisco CallManager 5-7
configuration options A-7
documentation for 5-9
configuring 4-3, A-6
how they get support 5-9
Device Information area A-8
required information 5-9
Device Logs area A-11
subscribing to services 5-10
for Cisco IP Phone 7905G A-1, A-6
for Cisco IP Phone 7912G A-1, A-6
Network Configuration area A-8
V
Network Statistics area A-10
password A-7
verifying
firmware version 6-6
model 6-5
serial number 6-5
startup process 3-9
VLAN
administrative, network setting 4-6
auxiliary, for voice traffic 2-3
configuring for voice networks 2-3
configuring settings 4-24
native, for data traffic 2-3
operational, network setting 4-6
verifying 6-20
VLANSetting parameter A-15
voice messaging system description 5-6
voice VLAN, description 2-3
Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide for Cisco CallManager 3.3, Cisco IP Phones 7902G/7905G/7912G
IN-10
OL-6313-01
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