Cisco Systems 2600 Network Router User Manual

Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Hardware Installation Guide
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Text Part Number: OL-2171-06
THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE PRODUCTS IN THIS MANUAL ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. ALL
STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN THIS MANUAL ARE BELIEVED TO BE ACCURATE BUT ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR APPLICATION OF ANY PRODUCTS.
THE SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY FOR THE ACCOMPANYING PRODUCT ARE SET FORTH IN THE INFORMATION PACKET THAT
SHIPPED WITH THE PRODUCT AND ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE. IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO LOCATE THE SOFTWARE LICENSE
OR LIMITED WARRANTY, CONTACT YOUR CISCO REPRESENTATIVE FOR A COPY.
The following information is for FCC compliance of Class A devices: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant
to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case users will be required
to correct the interference at their own expense.
The following information is for FCC compliance of Class B devices: The equipment described in this manual generates and may radiate radio-frequency energy. If it is not
installed in accordance with Cisco’s installation instructions, it may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to
comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in part 15 of the FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable
protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
Modifying the equipment without Cisco’s written authorization may result in the equipment no longer complying with FCC requirements for Class A or Class B digital
devices. In that event, your right to use the equipment may be limited by FCC regulations, and you may be required to correct any interference to radio or television
communications at your own expense.
You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco equipment or one of its
peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures:
• Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.
• Move the equipment to one side or the other of the television or radio.
• Move the equipment farther away from the television or radio.
• Plug the equipment into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the equipment and the television or radio are on circuits
controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.)
Modifications to this product not authorized by Cisco Systems, Inc. could void the FCC approval and negate your authority to operate the product.
The Cisco implementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program developed by the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) as part of UCB’s public
domain version of the UNIX operating system. All rights reserved. Copyright © 1981, Regents of the University of California.
NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER WARRANTY HEREIN, ALL DOCUMENT FILES AND SOFTWARE OF THESE SUPPLIERS ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITH
ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND THE ABOVE-NAMED SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT
LIMITATION, THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING FROM A COURSE OF
DEALING, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS MANUAL, EVEN IF CISCO
OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
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Live, Play, and Learn, and iQuick Study are service marks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; and Aironet, ASIST, BPX, Catalyst, CCDA, CCDP, CCIE, CCIP, CCNA, CCNP, Cisco,
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All other trademarks mentioned in this document or Website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship
between Cisco and any other company. (0406R)
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
Copyright © 2000-2004 Cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.
CONTENTS
Preface
vii
Objectives
Audience
vii
viii
Organization
viii
Conventions
viii
Safety Warnings
ix
Related Documentation
xiv
Cisco 90-Day Limited Hardware Warranty Terms
xvi
Obtaining Documentation xvii
Cisco.com xvii
Ordering Documentation xvii
Documentation Feedback
xvii
Obtaining Technical Assistance xviii
Cisco Technical Support Website xviii
Submitting a Service Request xviii
Definitions of Service Request Severity xix
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
CHAPTER
1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Hardware Features
Reading the Front-Panel LEDs
1-3
Reading the Rear-Panel LEDs
1-5
Interface Numbering 1-9
WAN and LAN Interface Numbering
Voice Interface Numbering 1-11
System Specifications
Regulatory Compliance
2
1-1
1-1
Modules, Interface Cards, and Memory
CHAPTER
xix
1-8
1-9
1-11
1-12
Preparing to Install the Router
2-1
Safety Recommendations 2-1
Safety with Electricity 2-1
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
2-2
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General Site Requirements 2-3
Power Supply Considerations
Site Environment 2-3
Site Configuration 2-4
Equipment Racks 2-4
Installation Checklist
2-3
2-4
Creating a Site Log
2-5
Inspecting the Router
2-6
Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance
Console and Auxiliary Port Considerations
Console Port Connections 2-7
Auxiliary Port Connections 2-8
2-6
2-7
Preparing to Connect to a Network 2-8
Ethernet Connections 2-9
Token Ring Connections 2-9
Serial Connections 2-10
Configuring Serial Connections 2-10
Serial DTE or DCE Devices 2-10
Signaling Standards Supported 2-11
Distance Limitations 2-11
Asynchronous/Synchronous Serial Module Baud Rates
ISDN BRI Connections 2-12
56-K/Switched-56-kbps DSU/CSU Connections 2-13
CHAPTER
3
Installing the Router
2-12
3-1
Installing Modules, Interface Cards, and Power Supplies
3-2
Setting Up the Chassis 3-3
Setting the Chassis on a Desktop 3-3
Mounting the Chassis in a Rack 3-4
Attaching the Brackets to Cisco 261x, Cisco 262x, Cisco 26xxXM, and Cisco 265x Series
Routers 3-5
Attaching the Brackets to a Router of 2-RU Height 3-9
Installing the Router in a Rack 3-10
Mounting the Chassis on the Wall 3-11
Attaching Rubber Feet to the Router 3-11
Attaching Wall-Mount Brackets to the Router 3-11
Mounting the Router on the Wall 3-12
Installing the Chassis Ground Connection
Power Connections
3-13
3-15
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Connecting Routers to AC Power 3-15
Connecting Routers to a DC-Input Power Supply 3-16
DC Wiring Requirements 3-16
Connecting Routers to the Cisco Redundant Power System
Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Cables 3-18
Ports and Cabling 3-18
LAN, WAN, and Voice Connection Procedures
Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem
Connecting to the Console Port 3-20
Connecting to the Auxiliary Port 3-21
Identifying a Rollover Cable 3-22
3-18
3-19
3-20
Powering Up the Router 3-23
Checklist for Power Up 3-23
Front Panel Indicators 3-23
Power-Up Procedure 3-24
Configuring the Router 3-25
Initial Configuration Using SDM 3-26
Initial Configuration Using the Setup Command Facility 3-26
Initial Configuration Using the CLI (Manual Configuration) 3-28
APPENDIX
A
Troubleshooting
A-1
Isolating Problems A-1
Troubleshooting the Power and Cooling Systems A-2
Environmental Reporting Features A-2
Troubleshooting Modules, Cables, and Connections A-3
System Messages
A-4
Recovering a Lost Password
A-4
Cisco Technical Assistance Center
APPENDIX
B
Using the ROM Monitor
A-4
B-1
Entering ROM Monitor Mode
ROM Monitor Commands
B-1
B-2
ROM Monitor Command Syntax Conventions
B-3
ROM Monitor Command Descriptions B-4
Router Management Commands B-4
Boot Commands in the ROM Monitor B-4
Informational Commands in the ROM Monitor
Other Useful ROM Monitor Commands B-6
B-5
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Debugging Commands B-6
Configuration Register Commands
B-7
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images B-8
Copying an Image from the Console Using the xmodem Command B-9
Description and Options of the xmodem Command B-9
Console Requirements B-9
Procedure for the xmodem Command B-9
Copying an Image from a TFTP Server Using the tftpdnld Command B-10
Restrictions on the tftpdnld Command B-10
Procedure for the tftpdnld Command B-11
APPENDIX
C
Configuration Register
1-1
Configuration Register Settings
1-1
Changing Configuration Register Settings
Configuring the Boot Field
1-2
1-3
Enabling Booting from Flash Memory
1-5
INDEX
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Preface
This preface discusses the objectives, audience, organization, and conventions of this hardware
installation guide, and points to related documents that have information beyond the scope of this
document. It contains the following sections:
•
Objectives, page vii
•
Audience, page viii
•
Organization, page viii
•
Conventions, page viii
•
Safety Warnings, page ix
•
Related Documentation, page xiv
•
Cisco 90-Day Limited Hardware Warranty Terms, page xvi
•
Obtaining Documentation, page xvii
•
Documentation Feedback, page xvii
•
Obtaining Technical Assistance, page xviii
•
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information, page xix
Objectives
This guide explains how to install, maintain, and troubleshoot your router hardware. It also includes
instructions for the router ROM monitor and configuration register.
Although this document provides minimum software configuration information, it is not comprehensive.
For detailed software configuration information, refer to the Software Configuration Guide for
Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Routers and to the Cisco IOS configuration
guides and command reference publications. See the “Obtaining Documentation” section on page xvii
for more information.
This guide describes several router models that are similar in functionality, but differ in the number of
interfaces supported. Some information provided may not apply to your particular router model.
To access the warranty, service, and support information, see the “Cisco 90-Day Limited Hardware
Warranty Terms” section on page xvi.
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Preface
Audience
Audience
This guide is designed for the person installing the router, who should be familiar with electronic
circuitry and wiring practices and should have experience as an electronic or electromechanical
technician. It identifies certain procedures that should be performed only by trained and qualified
personnel.
Organization
Table 1
Document Organization
Chapter
Title
Description
Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series
Routers
Discusses the features and specifications of Cisco 2600 series routers.
Chapter 2
Preparing to Install the Router
Discusses environmental requirements, safety recommendations, and
describes the various ports and how to prepare for connections between
networks and ports.
Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Includes basic installation information and discusses making connections
to your LAN, WAN, and console terminal.
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
Discusses how to isolate problems and read the LEDs.
Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
Discusses selected maintenance procedures.
Appendix C
Configuration Register
Describes the ROM monitor (also called the bootstrap program). Use the
ROM monitor to help you isolate or rule out hardware problems
encountered during installation.
Conventions
This guide uses the following conventions to convey instructions and information.
Table 2
Document Conventions
Convention
Description
boldface font
Commands and keywords.
italic font
Variables for which you supply values.
[
Keywords or arguments that appear within square brackets are optional.
]
{x | y | z}
A choice of required keywords appears in braces separated by vertical bars. You must select one.
screen font
Examples of information displayed on the screen.
boldface screen font
Examples of information you must enter.
<
>
Nonprinting characters; for example passwords appear in angle brackets in contexts where italic
font is not available.
[
]
Default responses to system prompts appear in square brackets.
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Safety Warnings
Note
Timesaver
Tip
Caution
Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to material not covered in the
manual.
Means the described action saves time. You can save time by performing the action described in the
paragraph.
Means the following information will help you solve a problem. The tips information might not be
troubleshooting or even an action, but could be useful information, similar to a Timesaver.
Means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could result in equipment
damage or loss of data.
Safety Warnings
Safety warnings appear throughout this publication in procedures that, if performed incorrectly, may
harm you. A warning symbol precedes each warning statement. To see translations of the warnings that
appear in this publication, refer to the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information document that
accompanied your router.
Warning
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause bodily injury. Before you
work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar
with standard practices for preventing accidents. Use the statement number provided at the end of
each warning to locate its translation in the translated safety warnings that accompanied this
device. Statement 1071
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
Waarschuwing
BELANGRIJKE VEILIGHEIDSINSTRUCTIES
Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een situatie die lichamelijk letsel kan
veroorzaken. Voordat u aan enige apparatuur gaat werken, dient u zich bewust te zijn van de bij
elektrische schakelingen betrokken risico's en dient u op de hoogte te zijn van de standaard
praktijken om ongelukken te voorkomen. Gebruik het nummer van de verklaring onderaan de
waarschuwing als u een vertaling van de waarschuwing die bij het apparaat wordt geleverd, wilt
raadplegen.
BEWAAR DEZE INSTRUCTIES
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Safety Warnings
Varoitus
TÄRKEITÄ TURVALLISUUSOHJEITA
Tämä varoitusmerkki merkitsee vaaraa. Tilanne voi aiheuttaa ruumiillisia vammoja. Ennen kuin
käsittelet laitteistoa, huomioi sähköpiirien käsittelemiseen liittyvät riskit ja tutustu
onnettomuuksien yleisiin ehkäisytapoihin. Turvallisuusvaroitusten käännökset löytyvät laitteen
mukana toimitettujen käännettyjen turvallisuusvaroitusten joukosta varoitusten lopussa näkyvien
lausuntonumeroiden avulla.
SÄILYTÄ NÄMÄ OHJEET
Attention
IMPORTANTES INFORMATIONS DE SÉCURITÉ
Ce symbole d'avertissement indique un danger. Vous vous trouvez dans une situation pouvant
entraîner des blessures ou des dommages corporels. Avant de travailler sur un équipement, soyez
conscient des dangers liés aux circuits électriques et familiarisez-vous avec les procédures
couramment utilisées pour éviter les accidents. Pour prendre connaissance des traductions des
avertissements figurant dans les consignes de sécurité traduites qui accompagnent cet appareil,
référez-vous au numéro de l'instruction situé à la fin de chaque avertissement.
CONSERVEZ CES INFORMATIONS
Warnung
WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE
Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer Situation, die zu Verletzungen
führen kann. Machen Sie sich vor der Arbeit mit Geräten mit den Gefahren elektrischer Schaltungen
und den üblichen Verfahren zur Vorbeugung vor Unfällen vertraut. Suchen Sie mit der am Ende jeder
Warnung angegebenen Anweisungsnummer nach der jeweiligen Übersetzung in den übersetzten
Sicherheitshinweisen, die zusammen mit diesem Gerät ausgeliefert wurden.
BEWAHREN SIE DIESE HINWEISE GUT AUF.
Avvertenza
IMPORTANTI ISTRUZIONI SULLA SICUREZZA
Questo simbolo di avvertenza indica un pericolo. La situazione potrebbe causare infortuni alle
persone. Prima di intervenire su qualsiasi apparecchiatura, occorre essere al corrente dei pericoli
relativi ai circuiti elettrici e conoscere le procedure standard per la prevenzione di incidenti.
Utilizzare il numero di istruzione presente alla fine di ciascuna avvertenza per individuare le
traduzioni delle avvertenze riportate in questo documento.
CONSERVARE QUESTE ISTRUZIONI
Advarsel
VIKTIGE SIKKERHETSINSTRUKSJONER
Dette advarselssymbolet betyr fare. Du er i en situasjon som kan føre til skade på person. Før du
begynner å arbeide med noe av utstyret, må du være oppmerksom på farene forbundet med
elektriske kretser, og kjenne til standardprosedyrer for å forhindre ulykker. Bruk nummeret i slutten
av hver advarsel for å finne oversettelsen i de oversatte sikkerhetsadvarslene som fulgte med denne
enheten.
TA VARE PÅ DISSE INSTRUKSJONENE
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Safety Warnings
Aviso
INSTRUÇÕES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURANÇA
Este símbolo de aviso significa perigo. Você está em uma situação que poderá ser causadora de
lesões corporais. Antes de iniciar a utilização de qualquer equipamento, tenha conhecimento dos
perigos envolvidos no manuseio de circuitos elétricos e familiarize-se com as práticas habituais de
prevenção de acidentes. Utilize o número da instrução fornecido ao final de cada aviso para
localizar sua tradução nos avisos de segurança traduzidos que acompanham este dispositivo.
GUARDE ESTAS INSTRUÇÕES
¡Advertencia!
INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD
Este símbolo de aviso indica peligro. Existe riesgo para su integridad física. Antes de manipular
cualquier equipo, considere los riesgos de la corriente eléctrica y familiarícese con los
procedimientos estándar de prevención de accidentes. Al final de cada advertencia encontrará el
número que le ayudará a encontrar el texto traducido en el apartado de traducciones que acompaña
a este dispositivo.
GUARDE ESTAS INSTRUCCIONES
Varning!
VIKTIGA SÄKERHETSANVISNINGAR
Denna varningssignal signalerar fara. Du befinner dig i en situation som kan leda till personskada.
Innan du utför arbete på någon utrustning måste du vara medveten om farorna med elkretsar och
känna till vanliga förfaranden för att förebygga olyckor. Använd det nummer som finns i slutet av
varje varning för att hitta dess översättning i de översatta säkerhetsvarningar som medföljer denna
anordning.
SPARA DESSA ANVISNINGAR
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Safety Warnings
Aviso
INSTRUÇÕES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURANÇA
Este símbolo de aviso significa perigo. Você se encontra em uma situação em que há risco de lesões
corporais. Antes de trabalhar com qualquer equipamento, esteja ciente dos riscos que envolvem os
circuitos elétricos e familiarize-se com as práticas padrão de prevenção de acidentes. Use o
número da declaração fornecido ao final de cada aviso para localizar sua tradução nos avisos de
segurança traduzidos que acompanham o dispositivo.
GUARDE ESTAS INSTRUÇÕES
Advarsel
VIGTIGE SIKKERHEDSANVISNINGER
Dette advarselssymbol betyder fare. Du befinder dig i en situation med risiko for
legemesbeskadigelse. Før du begynder arbejde på udstyr, skal du være opmærksom på de
involverede risici, der er ved elektriske kredsløb, og du skal sætte dig ind i standardprocedurer til
undgåelse af ulykker. Brug erklæringsnummeret efter hver advarsel for at finde oversættelsen i de
oversatte advarsler, der fulgte med denne enhed.
GEM DISSE ANVISNINGER
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Safety Warnings
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Preface
Related Documentation
Related Documentation
The Cisco IOS software running your Cisco 2600 series router includes extensive features and
functionality. For information that is beyond the scope of this document, or for additional information,
use the following resources:
Timesaver
Make sure that you have access to the documents listed in Table 3. Some of these documents are
available in print, and all are on CD-ROM and on the World Wide Web. If you need to order printed
documents, see the “Obtaining Documentation” section on page xvii.
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Related Documentation
Table 3
Related and Referenced Documents
Cisco Product
Document Title
Cisco 2600 series routers
Cisco 2600 Series Modular Routers Quick Start Guide
Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications
Cisco Redundant Power System Hardware Installation Guide
Quick Start Guide: Network Modules for Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600
Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Routers
Cisco Network Modules Hardware Installation Guide
Quick Start Guide: Interface Cards for Cisco 1600, 1700, 2600, 3600,
and 3700 Series
Cisco Interface Cards Hardware Installation Guide
Upgrading System Memory in Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Installing and Formatting Cisco 2691, Cisco 3631, and Cisco 3700
Compact Flash Memory Cards
AIM Installation Quick Start Guide: Cisco 2600, 3600, and 3700 Series
Installing Advanced Integration Modules in Cisco 2600 Series,
Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Routers
Installing the Cisco 2600 Series NEBS Level 3/ETSI Compliance Kit
Installing AC Power Supplies in Cisco 2691 Routers
Cisco 2600 Series Power Supply Configuration Note
Installing a Cisco 2691 Redundant Power Supply Interface Module in the
Cisco 2691 Router
Cisco RPS Hardware Installation Guide
BootROM Installation for Cisco 2620 and Cisco 2621 Routers
Alarm Interface Controller Patch Panel Installation Guide
Software Configuration Guide for Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series,
and Cisco 3700 Series Routers
Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Regulatory
Compliance and Safety Information
Network management
system
Network management software documentation
Cisco IOS software
Cisco IOS software documentation, all releases
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/rtrmgmt/index.htm
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/software/index.htm
Refer to the documentation for the Cisco IOS software release installed
on your router.
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Cisco 90-Day Limited Hardware Warranty Terms
Cisco 90-Day Limited Hardware Warranty Terms
There are special terms applicable to your hardware warranty and various services that you can use
during the warranty period. Your formal Warranty Statement, including the warranties and license
agreements applicable to Cisco software, is available on Cisco.com. Follow these steps to access and
download the Cisco Information Packet and your warranty and license agreements from Cisco.com.
1.
Launch your browser, and go to this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/es_inpck/cetrans.htm
The Warranties and License Agreements page appears.
2.
To read the Cisco Information Packet, follow these steps:
a. Click the Information Packet Number field, and make sure that the part number
78-5235-03A0 is highlighted.
b. Select the language in which you would like to read the document.
c. Click Go.
The Cisco Limited Warranty and Software License page from the Information Packet appears.
d. Read the document online, or click the PDF icon to download and print the document in Adobe
Portable Document Format (PDF).
Note
3.
You must have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view and print PDF files. You can download
the reader from Adobe’s website: http://www.adobe.com
To read translated and localized warranty information about your product, follow these steps:
a. Enter this part number in the Warranty Document Number field:
78-5236-01C0
b. Select the language in which you would like to read the document.
c. Click Go.
The Cisco warranty page appears.
d. Review the document online, or click the PDF icon to download and print the document in
Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF).
You can also contact the Cisco service and support website for assistance:
http://www.cisco.com/public/Support_root.shtml.
Duration of Hardware Warranty
Ninety (90) days.
Replacement, Repair, or Refund Policy for Hardware
Cisco or its service center will use commercially reasonable efforts to ship a replacement part within ten
(10) working days after receipt of a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) request. Actual delivery
times can vary, depending on the customer location.
Cisco reserves the right to refund the purchase price as its exclusive warranty remedy.
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Obtaining Documentation
To Receive a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) Number
Contact the company from whom you purchased the product. If you purchased the product directly from
Cisco, contact your Cisco Sales and Service Representative.
Complete the information below, and keep it for reference:
Company product purchased from
Company telephone number
Product model number
Product serial number
Maintenance contract number
Obtaining Documentation
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available on Cisco.com. Cisco also provides several
ways to obtain technical assistance and other technical resources. These sections explain how to obtain
technical information from Cisco Systems.
Cisco.com
You can access the most current Cisco documentation at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/home/home.htm
You can access the Cisco website at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com
You can access international Cisco websites at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/public/countries_languages.shtml
Ordering Documentation
You can find instructions for ordering documentation at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/es_inpck/pdi.htm
You can order Cisco documentation in these ways:
•
Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order Cisco product documentation from
the Ordering tool:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/index.shtml
•
Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order documentation through a local account representative by
calling Cisco Systems Corporate Headquarters (California, USA) at 408 526-7208 or, elsewhere in
North America, by calling 1 800 553-NETS (6387).
Documentation Feedback
You can send comments about technical documentation to bug-doc@cisco.com.
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Preface
Obtaining Technical Assistance
You can submit comments by using the response card (if present) behind the front cover of your
document or by writing to the following address:
Cisco Systems
Attn: Customer Document Ordering
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-9883
We appreciate your comments.
Obtaining Technical Assistance
For all customers, partners, resellers, and distributors who hold valid Cisco service contracts, Cisco
Technical Support provides 24-hour-a-day, award-winning technical assistance. The Cisco Technical
Support Website on Cisco.com features extensive online support resources. In addition, Cisco Technical
Assistance Center (TAC) engineers provide telephone support. If you do not hold a valid Cisco service
contract, contact your reseller.
Cisco Technical Support Website
The Cisco Technical Support Website provides online documents and tools for troubleshooting and
resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. The website is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Access to all tools on the Cisco Technical Support Website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.
If you have a valid service contract but do not have a user ID or password, you can register at this URL:
http://tools.cisco.com/RPF/register/register.do
Note
Use the Cisco Product Identification (CPI) tool to locate your product serial number before submitting
a web or phone request for service. You can access the CPI tool from the Cisco Technical Support
Website by clicking the Tools & Resources link under Documentation & Tools. Choose Cisco Product
Identification Tool from the Alphabetical Index drop-down list, or click the Cisco Product
Identification Tool link under Alerts & RMAs. The CPI tool offers three search options: by product ID
or model name; by tree view; or for certain products, by copying and pasting show command output.
Search results show an illustration of your product with the serial number label location highlighted.
Locate the serial number label on your product and record the information before placing a service call.
Submitting a Service Request
Using the online TAC Service Request Tool is the fastest way to open S3 and S4 service requests. (S3
and S4 service requests are those in which your network is minimally impaired or for which you require
product information.) After you describe your situation, the TAC Service Request Tool provides
recommended solutions. If your issue is not resolved using the recommended resources, your service
request is assigned to a Cisco TAC engineer. The TAC Service Request Tool is located at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/servicerequest
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Preface
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
For S1 or S2 service requests or if you do not have Internet access, contact the Cisco TAC by telephone.
(S1 or S2 service requests are those in which your production network is down or severely degraded.)
Cisco TAC engineers are assigned immediately to S1 and S2 service requests to help keep your business
operations running smoothly.
To open a service request by telephone, use one of the following numbers:
Asia-Pacific: +61 2 8446 7411 (Australia: 1 800 805 227)
EMEA: +32 2 704 55 55
USA: 1 800 553-2447
For a complete list of Cisco TAC contacts, go to this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/contacts
Definitions of Service Request Severity
To ensure that all service requests are reported in a standard format, Cisco has established severity
definitions.
Severity 1 (S1)—Your network is “down,” or there is a critical impact to your business operations. You
and Cisco will commit all necessary resources around the clock to resolve the situation.
Severity 2 (S2)—Operation of an existing network is severely degraded, or significant aspects of your
business operation are negatively affected by inadequate performance of Cisco products. You and Cisco
will commit full-time resources during normal business hours to resolve the situation.
Severity 3 (S3)—Operational performance of your network is impaired, but most business operations
remain functional. You and Cisco will commit resources during normal business hours to restore service
to satisfactory levels.
Severity 4 (S4)—You require information or assistance with Cisco product capabilities, installation, or
configuration. There is little or no effect on your business operations.
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
Information about Cisco products, technologies, and network solutions is available from various online
and printed sources.
•
Cisco Marketplace provides a variety of Cisco books, reference guides, and logo merchandise. Visit
Cisco Marketplace, the company store, at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
•
The Cisco Product Catalog describes the networking products offered by Cisco Systems, as well as
ordering and customer support services. Access the Cisco Product Catalog at this URL:
http://cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/pcat/
•
Cisco Press publishes a wide range of general networking, training and certification titles. Both new
and experienced users will benefit from these publications. For current Cisco Press titles and other
information, go to Cisco Press at this URL:
http://www.ciscopress.com
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Preface
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
•
Packet magazine is the Cisco Systems technical user magazine for maximizing Internet and
networking investments. Each quarter, Packet delivers coverage of the latest industry trends,
technology breakthroughs, and Cisco products and solutions, as well as network deployment and
troubleshooting tips, configuration examples, customer case studies, certification and training
information, and links to scores of in-depth online resources. You can access Packet magazine at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/packet
•
iQ Magazine is the quarterly publication from Cisco Systems designed to help growing companies
learn how they can use technology to increase revenue, streamline their business, and expand
services. The publication identifies the challenges facing these companies and the technologies to
help solve them, using real-world case studies and business strategies to help readers make sound
technology investment decisions. You can access iQ Magazine at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/iqmagazine
•
Internet Protocol Journal is a quarterly journal published by Cisco Systems for engineering
professionals involved in designing, developing, and operating public and private internets and
intranets. You can access the Internet Protocol Journal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/ipj
•
World-class networking training is available from Cisco. You can view current offerings at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/learning/index.html
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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C H A P T E R
1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Cisco 2600 series routers are modular access routers with LAN and WAN connections that can be
configured by means of interchangeable modules and WAN interface cards.
This guide discusses the router models listed in Table 1-1.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Hardware Features, page 1-1
•
Reading the Front-Panel LEDs, page 1-3
•
Reading the Rear-Panel LEDs, page 1-5
•
Interface Numbering, page 1-9
•
System Specifications, page 1-11
•
Regulatory Compliance, page 1-12
Hardware Features
Table 1-1 lists the router models described in this guide and summarizes the LAN interfaces supported
on each model. These router models are similar in functionality, but differ in the number of interfaces
that are supported as well as the system specifications. (See Table 1-6.)
Table 1-1
Summary of Cisco 2600 Series LAN Interfaces
Model
Ethernet
(10BASE-T)
Token Ring
(RJ-45)
Fast Ethernet
(10/100)
Network
Module Slot
WAN Interface
Card Slots
Advanced
Integration
Module Slots
Cisco 2610
1
—
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2610XM —
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2611
—
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2611XM —
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2612
1
1
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2613
—
1
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2620
—
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2620XM —
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2621
—
2
1
2
1
2
—
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Hardware Features
Table 1-1
Summary of Cisco 2600 Series LAN Interfaces (continued)
Token Ring
(RJ-45)
Fast Ethernet
(10/100)
Network
Module Slot
WAN Interface
Card Slots
Advanced
Integration
Module Slots
Cisco 2621XM —
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2650
—
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2650XM —
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2651
—
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2651XM —
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2691
—
2
1
3
2
Model
Ethernet
(10BASE-T)
—
In addition to the interfaces listed in Table 1-1, Cisco 2600 series routers include the following hardware
features:
•
Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) for main memory and shared memory (Cisco 261x and
Cisco 262x routers)
•
Synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) for main memory and shared memory
(Cisco 26xxXM, Cisco 265x, and Cisco 2691 routers)
•
Nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM) for storing configuration information
•
Flash memory—Stores the operating system software image. In Cisco 2691 routers, flash memory
is a CompactFlash memory card. In all other Cisco 2600 series routers, flash memory is a single
inline memory module (SIMM).
•
EIA/TIA-232 (RJ-45) console port for local system access by using a console terminal
•
EIA/TIA-232 (RJ-45) auxiliary port for remote system access or dial backup by using a modem
Figure 1-1 and Figure 1-2 show examples of Cisco 2600 series routers.
Note
Cisco 2600 series routers are either single rack-unit (1RU) or two rack-unit (2RU) high.
Note
The number and type of interfaces vary, depending on the specific router.
Figure 1-1
Cisco 2600 Series Router Rear Panel—Example of 1RU Router
Cisco 2650
SERIAL 1
Cisco 2650
SERIAL 1
CONN
SERIAL 0
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
W1
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SERIAL 0
CONN
CONN
100-240V– 1A
50/60 Hz 47 W
WIC
2T
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
W0
10/100BASE-T
Ethernet 0/0
(RJ-45)
CONSOLE
AUX
Console
port (RJ-45)
Auxiliary port
(RJ-45)
31617
LINK ETHERNET 0 ACT
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Reading the Front-Panel LEDs
Figure 1-2
Cisco 2600 Series Router Rear Panel—Example of 2RU Router
72056
NM-HD
V
AL
LP
CTRLR
E2
SEE
CD
MANUAL
BEFORE
INSTALLAT
ION
DSU
56K
CD
LLATION
TD
RE INSTA
RD
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
LP
V0
EN
AL
CD
CTRLR
E1
TD
VWIC
2MFT-E1
BANK 1
BANK 0
RD
BANK 2
LP
BANK 3
AL
BANK 4
ACT
100 Mbps
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
LINK
ACT
FAST ETHER
NET 0/1
CF1
RE INSTA
LLATION
DSU
56K
100 Mbps
FAST ETHER
NET 0/0
LINK
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
RE INSTA
LLATION
CISCO269
1
FastEthernet 0/1
FastEthernet 0/0
CONSO
LE
AUX
Compact Flash slot
Console
port
Auxiliary
port
Reading the Front-Panel LEDs
The LEDs indicate the current operating condition of the router. By observing the LEDs, you can note
any fault condition that the router is encountering, and then contact your system administrator or
customer service, when necessary.
Figure 1-3 and Figure 1-4 show the locations of the LEDs on the front panel of Cisco 2600 series routers.
Table 1-3 and Table 1-3 describe these LEDs.
Figure 1-3
RPS
ACTIVITY
H11660
POWER
Cisco 2600 Series Routers with 1-RU Chassis Height—Front-Panel LEDs
Table 1-2
Cisco 2600 Series Routers with 1-RU Chassis Height—Front-Panel LED Descriptions
LED
Description
POWER
Indicates the router’s operating status. Comes on when power is
supplied to the router and the router is operational.
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Reading the Front-Panel LEDs
Table 1-2
Cisco 2600 Series Routers with 1-RU Chassis Height—Front-Panel LED Descriptions
LED
Description (continued)
RPS
Off—No RPS1 is attached.
On—RPS is attached and operational.
Blinking—RPS is attached, but has a failure.
ACTIVITY
Off—In the Cisco IOS software, but no network activity.
Blink (500 ms ON, 500 ms OFF)—In ROMMON, no errors.
Blink (500 ms ON, 500 ms OFF, 2 seconds between codes)—In
ROMMON, error detected.
Blink (less than 500 ms)—In the Cisco IOS software, the blink rate
reflects the level of activity.
1. RPS = Redundant Power System
Figure 1-4
PWR
Cisco 2691—Front-Panel LEDs
SYS
ACT
72100
RPS
Table 1-3
Cisco 2691—Front-Panel LED Descriptions
LED
Description
PWR
On—Power is applied to the router.
SYS/RPS
Rapid blinking—System is booting
Slow blinking—System error
On—System okay
ACTIVITY
Off—No system activity
Blinking—System activity
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Reading the Rear-Panel LEDs
Reading the Rear-Panel LEDs
Figure 1-4 through Figure 1-10 show the location of the Cisco 2600 series rear-panel LEDs. Table 1-4
and Table 1-5 describe these LEDs.
Note
Not all router models are shown in these illustrations. The speed and number of Ethernet and Token Ring
interfaces varies depending on the router model. LED labels and functionality also vary depending on
the router model.
Figure 1-5
Cisco 2611—Rear-Panel LEDs
Link
LED
ACT
LED
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 0
Cisco 2610
LOOP
BACK
SEE MANUAL
BEFORE
WIC
CONN 2A/S
INSTALLATION
WIC
2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
W0
LINK
ACT
ETHERNET 0/0
ETHERNET 0/1 ACT
CONSOLE
Ethernet 0/0
10Base-T
port (RJ-45)
122291
LINK
AUX
Auxiliary
port (RJ-45)
Console
port (RJ-45)
Figure 1-6
Cisco 2611—Rear-Panel LEDs
Link
LED
ACT
LED
Link
LED
ACT
LED
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 0
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
SERIAL 0
CONN
Cisco 2611
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
LINK ETHERNET 0/1 ACT
LINKETHERNET 0/0 ACT
Ethernet 0/0
10BASE-T
port (RJ-45)
Ethernet 0/1
10BASE-T
port (RJ-45)
CONSOLE
AUX
H11584
W0
Auxiliary
port (RJ-45)
Console
port (RJ-45)
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Reading the Rear-Panel LEDs
Figure 1-7
Cisco 2613—Rear-Panel LEDs
Link
LED
ACT
LED
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 0
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SERIAL 0
CONN
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
Cisco 2613
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
LINK TOKEN RING 0/0 ACT
CONSOLE
Token Ring 0/0
(RJ-45)
11546
W0
AUX
Auxiliary
port (RJ-45)
Console
port (RJ-45)
Figure 1-8
100 Mbps
LED
Link
LED
Cisco 2621—Rear-Panel LEDs
100 Mbps
LED
FDX
Link
LED
LED
FDX
LED
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 1
WIC
CONN 2A/S
CONN
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
100 Mbps Link
10/100BASE-T
Ethernet 0/1
(RJ-45)
Cisco 2621
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
W1
FDX 100 Mbps Link
10/100 ETHERNET 0/1
SERIAL 0
W0
FDX
10/100 ETHERNET 0/0
10/100BASE-T
Ethernet 0/0
(RJ-45)
CONSOLE
AUX
14326
SERIAL 0
CONN
Auxiliary
port (RJ-45)
Console
port (RJ-45)
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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OL-2171-06
Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Reading the Rear-Panel LEDs
Figure 1-9
100 Mbps
LED
Link
LED
Cisco 2651—Rear-Panel LEDs
100 Mbps
LED
FDX
Link
LED
LED
FDX
LED
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 1
WIC
CONN 2A/S
CONN
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
100 Mbps Link
W1
10/100BASE-T
Ethernet 0/1
(RJ-45)
Table 1-4
Cisco 2651
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLA
TION
FDX 100 Mbps Link
10/100 ETHERNET 0/1
SERIAL 0
W0
FDX
10/100 ETHERNET 0/0
10/100BASE-T
Ethernet 0/0
(RJ-45)
CONSOLE
AUX
31620
SERIAL 0
CONN
Auxiliary
port (RJ-45)
Console
port (RJ-45)
Cisco 261x, Cisco 262x, Cisco 26xxXM, and Cisco 265x Series Routers—Rear-Panel LEDs
LED
Description
LINK
When on, a link has been established with the hub or switch at the
other end of the cable.
ACT
Packets are being transmitted or received on the Ethernet interface.
FDX
When on, the interface is in full-duplex mode. When off, the
interface is in half-duplex mode.
100 Mbps
When on, the speed of the interface is 100 Mbps. When off, the speed
of the interface is 10 Mbps.
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Modules, Interface Cards, and Memory
CD
LLATION
LP
DSU
56K
RE INSTA
AL
NUAL BE
FO
TD
SEE MA
RD
CD
LP
AL
TD
RD
Figure 1-10 Cisco 2691—Rear-Panel LEDs
ACT
100 Mbps
SEE MA
NUAL BE
FO
FAST ETH
ERNET
0/1
ACT
CF1
100 Mbps
FAST ETH
ERNET
0/0
FastEthernet 0/1
FastEthernet 0/0
RE INSTA
LLATION
DSU
56K
LINK
SEE MA
NUAL BE
FO
RE INSTA
CF1
LED
LLATION
CISCO2
Compact
ACT LED
Flash
100 Mbps LED slot
LINK LED
691
CONSOL
E
AUX
72011
LINK
Console
port
Auxiliary
port
Table 1-5
Cisco 2691—Rear-Panel LEDs
LED
Description
LINK
On when a link has been established with the hub or switch at the
other end of the cable.
ACT
On when packets are being transmitted or received on the Ethernet
interface.
100 Mbps On when the speed of the interface is 100 Mbps. Off when the speed
of the interface is 10 Mbps.
CF1
On when flash memory is being accessed—either READ or WRITE.
Modules, Interface Cards, and Memory
The latest information on network modules, WAN interface cards (WICs), voice interface cards (VICs),
advanced integration modules (AIMs), and memory is available online and on the documentation
CD-ROM.
•
For information on installing network modules, refer to the following documents:
– Quick Start Guide: Network Modules for Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700
Series Routers
– Cisco Network Modules Hardware Installation Guide
•
For information on installing WICs and VICs, refer to the following documents:
– Quick Start Guide: Interface Cards for Cisco 1600, 1700, 2600, 3600, and 3700 Series
– Cisco Interface Cards Installation Guide
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Interface Numbering
•
For information on installing AIMs, refer to the following documents:
– AIM Installation Quick Start Guide: Cisco 2600, 3600, and 3700 Series
– Installing Advanced Integration Modules in Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and
Cisco 3700 Series Routers
•
For information about installing DRAM, SDRAM, NVRAM, and flash memory SIMMs, refer to the
following hardware configuration note:
– Upgrading System Memory, Internal Flash Memory, and Root ROM in Cisco 2600 Series
Routers
•
For information about installing CompactFlash memory cards, refer to the following hardware
configuration note:
– Installing and Formatting Cisco 2691, Cisco 3631, and Cisco 3700 Compact Flash Memory
Cards
Interface Numbering
Each interface (port) on a Cisco 2610, Cisco 2620, and Cisco 2650 series router is identified by number
as described in the following sections.
WAN and LAN Interface Numbering
Cisco 2600 series routers contain the following WAN and LAN interface types:
•
Built-in LAN interfaces: Ethernet, FastEthernet, Token Ring
•
Two or three slots in which you can install WAN interface cards (WICs)
•
One slot in which you can install a network module
The numbering format is interface-type slot-number/Interface-number. Two examples are:
•
Ethernet 0/0
•
Serial 1/2
The slot number is 0 for all built-in interfaces and 0 for all WIC interfaces; the slot number is 1 for
network module interfaces.
Interface (port) numbers begin at 0 for each interface type, and continue from right to left and (if
necessary) from bottom to top.
Figure 1-11 shows a router of 1-RU height with:
•
A WIC in each WIC slot (containing interface Serial 0/0 in physical slot W0, and interface Serial
0/1 in physical slot W1)
•
A 4-serial-port network module in slot 1 (containing the following ports: Serial 1/0, Serial 1/1,
Serial 1/2, and Serial 1/3)
•
First built-in Ethernet interface—Ethernet 0/0
•
Second built-in Ethernet interface—Ethernet 0/1, or optionally in Cisco 2612 and Cisco 2613
routers only: Token Ring interface 0/0
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Interface Numbering
Figure 1-11 Interface Numbering in Chassis with 1-RU Height
1
2
3
CN/LP
RXC
RXD
TXC
28308
SERIAL
A/S
TXD
2
CN/LP
RXC
RXD
TXC
TXD
1
CN/LP
RXC
RXD
CONN
TXC
0
CN/LP
SERIAL
W1
TXD
RXC
RXD
TXC
TXD
EN
W0
CONN
Cisco 26
12
SERIAL
W0
10
LINK TOK
EN RIN
G 0/0 ACT
9
8
7
100-24
0V– 1A
50/60 Hz
47 W
W0
LINK ETH
ERNET
0/0
ACT CON
SOLE
5
AUX
6
3
4
Figure 1-12 shows a router of 2-RU height with:
•
A 2-port T1 network module in slot 1 (containing the following ports: T1 1/0 and T1 1/1)
•
Two built-in Ethernet 10/100 interfaces—Fast Ethernet 0/0 and Fast Ethernet 0/1
•
A WIC in each WIC slot (containing interfaces Serial 0/0 and Serial 0/1 in physical slot W0,
interface Serial 0/2 in physical slot W1, and interface BRI 0/0 in physical slot W2)
– If physical slot W0 is empty and physical slot W1 contains a 1-port serial WIC, the interface
number in the WIC is numbered Serial 0/0.
– If slot W0 contains a 2-port serial WIC and slot W1 contains a 1-port serial WIC, the interfaces
in physical slot W0 are numbered Serial 0/0 and Serial 0/1, and the interface in physical slot W1
is numbered Serial 0/2.
– If slot W0 contains a 2-port serial WIC and slot W1 contains a 1-port BRI WIC, the interfaces
in physical slot W0 are numbered Serial 0/0 and Serial 0/1, and the interface in physical slot W1
is numbered BRI 0/0.
Note
The slot number for all WIC interfaces is always 0. (The W0 and W1 slot designations are for
physical slot identification only.) Interfaces in the WICs are numbered from right to left, starting
with 0/0 for each interface type, regardless of which physical slot the WICs are installed in.
62101
Figure 1-12 Interface Numbering in Cisco 2691 Routers
NM-HDV
AL
LP
DSU
56K
CD
LLATION
TD
RE INSTA
RD
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
LP
V0
EN
AL
CD
MANUAL
BEFORE
INSTALLAT
ION
TD
CTRLR
E1
RD
SEE
CD
LP
CTRLR
E2
AL
VWIC
BANK 4
2MFT-E1
BANK 3
BANK 2
BANK 1
BANK 0
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
RE INSTA
LLATION
DSU
56K
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
RE INSTA
LLATION
T1 1/1
T1 1/0
FastEthernet 0/1
BRI 0/0
Serial 0/2
Compact Flash slot
FastEthernet 0/0
Serial 0/1
Serial 0/0
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Chapter 1
Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
System Specifications
Voice Interface Numbering
Voice interfaces are numbered as follows:
chassis-slot/voice-module-slot/voice-interface
If a 4-channel voice network module is installed in chassis slot 1, the voice interfaces are:
•
1/0/0—Chassis slot 1/Voice module slot 0/Voice interface 0
•
1/0/1—Chassis slot 1/Voice module slot 0/Voice interface 1
•
1/1/0—Chassis slot 1/Voice module slot 1/Voice interface 0
•
1/1/1—Chassis slot 1/Voice module slot 1/Voice interface 1
System Specifications
Table 1-6
Cisco 261x, Cisco 262x, and Cisco 265x System Specifications
Description
Specification
Dimensions (H x W x D)
1.69 x 17.5 x 11.8 in. (4.3 x 44.5 x 30 cm), one rack unit height
Weight
10.25 lb (4.66 kg)
Input voltage, AC power supply
Current
Frequency
Power dissipation
100 to 240 VAC
1.5 A
47 to 63 Hz
75 W (maximum), 260 Btus1/hr
Input voltage, DC power supply
Current
Power dissipation
–38 to –75 VDC
2.0 A
75 W (maximum), 260 Btus/hr
Operating environment
32 to 104°F (0 to 40°C)
Nonoperating temperature
–40 to 158°F (–40 to 70°C)
Operating humidity
5 to 95 percent, noncondensing
Noise level
38 dBa (minimum)
Regulatory compliance
FCC Class B and Canadian DOC Class A
For more compliance information, refer to the Cisco 2600 Series,
Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Regulatory Compliance
and Safety Information document that accompanied your router.
Safety compliance
UL 60950; CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-00; IEC 60950;
AS/NZS 3260; TS001
1. Btus = British thermal units
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Overview of Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Regulatory Compliance
Table 1-7
Cisco 2691 System Specifications
Description
Specification
Dimensions (H x W x D)
3.46 x 17.07 x 11.20 in. (8.78 x 45.36 x 28.45 cm), two rack unit
height
Weight
15 lb (6.80 kg)
Input voltage, AC power supply 100 to 120, 120 VAC
200 to 240, 230 VAC
0.93 min. @ 120 VAC 60 Hz (when loaded at 50% or higher
Current emissions (AC)
47 to 63 Hz
160 VAC - 1/2 cycle
Frequency
140 VAC - 5 cycles
Line surge (120 VAC)
Line surge (240 VAC)
320 VAC - 1/2 cycle
280 VAC - 5 cycles
Power dissipation
105 W (maximum)
Console and auxiliary ports
RJ-45 connector
Operating humidity
5 to 95%, noncondensing
Operating temperature
32 to 104°F (0 to 40°C)
Nonoperating temperature
–40 to 158°F (–40 to 70°C)
Noise level
45 dBA (maximum)
Regulatory compliance
FCC Part 15 Class A.
For more compliance information, refer to the Cisco 2600 Series,
Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Regulatory Compliance
and Safety Information document that accompanied the router.
Safety compliance
UL 60950; CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-00; IEC 60950;
AS/NZS 3260; TS001
Regulatory Compliance
For compliance information, refer to the Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series
Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information document that accompanied your router.
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C H A P T E R
2
Preparing to Install the Router
This chapter describes important information to consider before you begin to install a Cisco 2600 series
router, and includes the following sections:
•
Safety Recommendations, page 2-1
•
General Site Requirements, page 2-3
•
Installation Checklist, page 2-4
•
Creating a Site Log, page 2-5
•
Inspecting the Router, page 2-6
•
Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance, page 2-6
•
Console and Auxiliary Port Considerations, page 2-7
•
Preparing to Connect to a Network, page 2-8
After you have completed this chapter, proceed to Chapter 3, “Installing the Router” for installation
instructions.
Safety Recommendations
Follow these guidelines to ensure general safety:
•
Keep the chassis area clear and dust-free during and after installation.
•
If you remove the chassis cover, put it in a safe place.
•
Keep tools and chassis components away from walk areas.
•
Do not wear loose clothing that could get caught in the chassis. Fasten your tie or scarf and roll up
your sleeves.
•
Wear safety glasses when working under conditions that might be hazardous to your eyes.
•
Do not perform any action that creates a hazard to people or makes the equipment unsafe.
Safety with Electricity
Follow these guidelines when working on equipment powered by electricity:
Warning
Read the installation instructions before connecting the system to the power source. Statement 1004
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Preparing to Install the Router
Safety Recommendations
•
Locate the emergency power-off switch in the room in which you are working. Then, if an electrical
accident occurs, you can quickly turn off the power.
•
Disconnect all power before doing the following:
– Installing or removing a chassis
– Working near power supplies
•
Look carefully for possible hazards in your work area, such as moist floors, ungrounded power
extension cables, frayed power cords, and missing safety grounds.
•
Do not work alone if hazardous conditions exist.
•
Never assume that power is disconnected from a circuit. Always check.
•
If an electrical accident occurs, proceed as follows:
– Use caution; do not become a victim yourself.
– Turn off power to the device.
– If possible, send another person to get medical aid. Otherwise, assess the victim’s condition and
then call for help.
– Determine if the person needs rescue breathing or external cardiac compressions; then take
appropriate action.
In addition, use the following guidelines when working with any equipment that is disconnected from a
power source, but still connected to telephone wiring or other network cabling:
•
Never install telephone wiring during a lightning storm.
•
Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for it.
•
Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line is disconnected at
the network interface.
•
Use caution when installing or modifying telephone lines.
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage equipment and impair electrical circuitry. It can occur if
electronic printed circuit cards are improperly handled and can cause complete or intermittent failures.
Always follow ESD prevention procedures when removing and replacing modules:
Caution
•
Ensure that the router chassis is electrically connected to earth ground.
•
Wear an ESD-preventive wrist strap, ensuring that it makes good skin contact. Connect the clip to
an unpainted surface of the chassis frame to channel unwanted ESD voltages safely to ground. To
guard against ESD damage and shocks, the wrist strap and cord must operate effectively.
•
If no wrist strap is available, ground yourself by touching a metal part of the chassis.
For the safety of your equipment, periodically check the resistance value of the antistatic strap. It should
be between 1 and 10 megohms (Mohm).
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Preparing to Install the Router
General Site Requirements
General Site Requirements
This section describes the requirements your site must meet for safe installation and operation of your
router. Ensure that the site is properly prepared before beginning installation. If you are experiencing
shutdowns or unusually high errors with your existing equipment, this section can also help you isolate
the cause of failures and prevent future problems.
Power Supply Considerations
Check the power at your site to ensure that you are receiving “clean” power (free of spikes and noise).
Install a power conditioner if necessary.
Warning
The device is designed for connection to TN and IT power systems. Statement 1007
The AC power supply includes the following features:
•
Autoselects either 110-V or 220-V operation.
•
All units include a 6-foot (1.8-meter) electrical power cord. (A label near the power cord indicates
the correct voltage, frequency, current draw, and power dissipation for the unit.)
Table 2-1 describes power requirements for Cisco 2600 series routers.
Table 2-1
Power Requirements for Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Power Source
Input Power
Input Voltage
Tolerance Limits
AC
100 - 240 VAC, 1.0 A, 50 - 60 Hz
85 - 264 VAC
DC
48 - 60 VDC, 3.0 A
38 - 72 VDC
Site Environment
The router can be placed on a desktop or mounted in a rack. Single rack-unit (1RU) routers can also be
mounted on a wall. The location of the chassis and the layout of your equipment rack or wiring room are
extremely important for proper system operation. Placing equipment too close together, inadequate
ventilation, and inaccessible panels can make system maintenance difficult or cause system
malfunctions and shutdowns.
When planning your site layout and equipment locations, remember the precautions described in the next
section, “Site Configuration,” to help avoid equipment failures and reduce the possibility of
environmentally caused shutdowns. If you are currently experiencing shutdowns or unusually high
errors with your existing equipment, these precautions may help you isolate the cause of the failures and
prevent future problems.
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Preparing to Install the Router
Installation Checklist
Site Configuration
The following precautions will help you plan an acceptable operating environment for your router and
help you avoid environmentally caused equipment failures:
•
Ensure that the room in which you operate your system has adequate air circulation. Electrical
equipment generates heat. Ambient air temperature might not be able to cool equipment to
acceptable operating temperatures without adequate circulation.
•
Always follow the ESD-prevention procedures described in the “Preventing Electrostatic Discharge
Damage” section on page 2-2 to avoid damage to equipment. Damage from static discharge can
cause immediate or intermittent equipment failure.
•
Ensure that the chassis cover is secure. The chassis is designed to allow cooling air to flow
effectively inside it. An open chassis allows air leaks, which might interrupt and redirect the flow
of cooling air from internal components.
Equipment Racks
Cisco 2600 series routers with chassis height of 1 RU can be installed in 19-, 23-, and 24-inch racks.
Cisco 2600 series routers with chassis height of 2 RU can be installed in 19- or 23-inch racks.
The following information will help you plan your equipment rack configuration:
•
Enclosed racks must have adequate ventilation. Ensure that the rack is not overly congested, because
each unit generates heat. An enclosed rack should have louvered sides and a fan to provide cooling
air.
•
When mounting a chassis in an open rack, ensure that the rack frame does not block the intake ports
or the exhaust ports. If the chassis is installed on slides, check the position of the chassis when it is
seated all the way into the rack.
•
In an enclosed rack with a ventilation fan in the top, excessive heat generated by equipment near the
bottom of the rack can be drawn upward and into the intake ports of the equipment above it in the
rack. Ensure that you provide adequate ventilation for equipment at the bottom of the rack.
•
Baffles can help to isolate exhaust air from intake air, which also helps to draw cooling air through
the chassis. The best placement of the baffles depends on the airflow patterns in the rack, which can
be found by experimenting with different arrangements.
Installation Checklist
The sample Installation Checklist lists items and procedures for installing a new router. Make a copy of
this checklist and mark the entries when completed. Include a copy of the checklist for each router in
your Site Log (described in the next section, “Creating a Site Log”).
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Creating a Site Log
Installation checklist for site_____________________________________________
Router name_______________________________________________________
Task
Verified by
Date
Installation Checklist copied
Background information placed in Site Log
Site power voltages verified
Installation site power check completed
Required tools available
Additional equipment available
Router received
The appropriate quick start guide for your router
received
Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and
Cisco 3700 Series Regulatory Compliance and
Safety Information document received
Product registration card received
Cisco.com contact information label received
Chassis components verified
Initial electrical connections established
ASCII terminal (for local configuration) or
modem (for remote configuration)
Signal distance limits verified
Startup sequence steps completed
Initial operation verified
Software image verified
Creating a Site Log
The Site Log provides a record of all actions related to the router. Keep it in an accessible place near the
chassis where anyone who performs tasks has access to it. Use the Installation Checklist to verify steps
in the installation and maintenance of the router. Site Log entries might include the following:
•
Installation progress—Make a copy of the Installation Checklist and insert it into the Site Log. Make
entries as each procedure is completed.
•
Upgrade and maintenance procedures—Use the Site Log as a record of ongoing router maintenance
and expansion history. A Site Log might include the following events:
– Installation of network modules
– Removal or replacement of network modules and other upgrades
– Configuration changes
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Inspecting the Router
– Maintenance schedules and requirements
– Maintenance procedures performed
– Intermittent problems
– Comments and notes
Inspecting the Router
Do not unpack the router until you are ready to install it. If the final installation site will not be ready
for some time, keep the chassis in its shipping container to prevent accidental damage. When you are
ready to install the router, proceed with unpacking it.
The router, cables, publications, and any optional equipment you ordered may be shipped in more than
one container. When you unpack the containers, check the packing list to ensure that you received all
the following items:
•
Router
•
6-foot (1.8-meter) power cord
•
Rubber feet for desktop mounting (with routers of 1 rack-unit height only)
•
Rack-mount brackets with screws for 19-inch rack (with all Cisco 2600 series routers)
•
Rack-mount brackets with screws for 23-inch rack (with Cisco 2691 routers only)
•
Grounding lug and bracket
•
RJ-45-to-DB-9 adapter cable for console connection
•
RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter cable for modem connection
•
Ethernet cable
•
Optional equipment (such as network connection cables or additional rack-mount brackets)
•
Cisco 2600 Series Modular Routers Quick Start Guide
•
Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Regulatory Compliance and Safety
Information document
Inspect all items for shipping damage. If anything appears to be damaged, or if you encounter problems
installing or configuring your router, contact customer service. Warranty, service, and support
information is in the quick start guide that shipped with your router.
Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance
You need the following tools and equipment to install and upgrade the router and its components:
•
ESD-preventive cord and wrist strap
•
Number 2 Phillips screwdriver
•
Flat-blade screwdrivers: small, 3/16-inch (4-5 mm) and medium, 1/4-inch (5-6 mm)
– To install or remove modules
– To remove the cover or mainboard tray, if you are upgrading memory or other components
•
Rack-mount screws
•
ROM 32-pin PLCC extractor tool
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Console and Auxiliary Port Considerations
•
Needlenose pliers
– For straightening any pins bent when you install the ROM
•
Cable ties, if required, for organizing cables
To install a Cisco 2600 router of 1 rack-unit height on a wall, you need suitable screws or wall anchors.
In addition, depending on the type of modules you plan to use, you might need the following equipment
to connect a port to an external network:
•
Cables for connection to the WAN and LAN ports (dependent on configuration).
Note
For more information on cable specifications, refer to the Cisco Modular Access Router
Cable Specifications document online or on the Documentation CD-ROM.
•
Ethernet hub or PC with a network interface card for connection to Ethernet (LAN) ports.
•
Console terminal (an ASCII terminal or a PC running terminal emulation software) configured for
9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit.
•
Modem for connection to the auxiliary port for remote administrative access (optional).
•
Token Ring interfaces require a Token Ring media attachment unit (MAU).
•
Serial interfaces may require a data service unit (DSU) or channel service unit/data service unit
(DSU/CSU).
•
CT1/PRI modules without the built-in CSU require an external CSU.
•
ISDN BRI S/T interfaces require an NT1 device if one is not supplied by your service provider.
Console and Auxiliary Port Considerations
The router includes an asynchronous serial console port and an auxiliary port. The console and auxiliary
ports provide access to the router either locally using a console terminal, or remotely using a modem
connected to the auxiliary port. This section discusses important cabling information to consider before
connecting a console terminal, which can be either an ASCII terminal or a PC running terminal
emulation software, to the console port or modem to the auxiliary port.
The main difference between the console and auxiliary ports is that the auxiliary port supports hardware
flow control and the console port does not. Flow control paces the transmission of data between a
sending device and a receiving device. Flow control ensures that the receiving device can absorb the data
sent to it before the sending device sends more. When the buffers on the receiving device are full, a
message is sent to the sending device to suspend transmission until the data in the buffers has been
processed. Because the auxiliary port supports flow control, it is ideally suited for use with the
high-speed transmissions of a modem. Console terminals transmit at slower speeds than modems;
therefore, the console port is ideally suited for use with console terminals.
Console Port Connections
The router has an EIA/TIA-232 asynchronous serial console port (RJ-45). Depending on the cable and
the adapter used, this port appears as a DTE or DCE device at the end of the cable.
For connection to a PC running terminal emulation software, your router is provided with an RJ-45 to
DB-9 adapter cable.
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Preparing to Connect to a Network
To connect the router to an ASCII terminal, use an RJ-45 rollover cable and an RJ-45-to-DB-25 female
adapter (not provided).
The default parameters for the console port are 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit. The
console port does not support hardware flow control. For detailed information about installing a console
terminal, refer to the “Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-20.
For cable and port pinouts, refer to the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document
online or on the Documentation CD-ROM.
Auxiliary Port Connections
The router has an EIA/TIA-232 asynchronous serial auxiliary port (RJ-45) that supports flow control.
Depending on the cable and the adapter used, this port appears as a DTE or DCE device at the end of the
cable.
For connection to a modem, your router is provided with an RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter cable.
For detailed information about connecting devices to the auxiliary port, refer to the “Connecting to a
Console Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-20.
For cable and port pinouts, refer to the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document
online or on the Documentation CD-ROM.
Preparing to Connect to a Network
When setting up your router, consider distance limitations and potential electromagnetic interference
(EMI) as defined by the applicable local and international regulations.
Network connection considerations are provided for several types of network interfaces and are
described in the following sections:
•
Ethernet Connections, page 2-9
•
Token Ring Connections, page 2-9
•
Serial Connections, page 2-10
•
ISDN BRI Connections, page 2-12
•
56-K/Switched-56-kbps DSU/CSU Connections, page 2-13
Refer to the following online documents for more information about network connections and interfaces:
Warning
•
Cisco Network Modules Hardware Installation Guide
•
Cisco Interface Cards Installation Guide
•
Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to telephone-network
voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some
LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45 connectors. Use caution when connecting cables. Statement 1021
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Ethernet Connections
The IEEE has established Ethernet as standard IEEE 802.3. The most common Ethernet implementations
are as follows:
•
100BASE-T—2-pair Category 5 or unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) straight-through RJ-45 cable.
•
10BASE-2—Ethernet on thin coaxial cable, also known as thin Ethernet. The maximum segment
distance is 607 feet (186 meters).
•
10BASE-5—Ethernet on thick coaxial cable, also known as thick Ethernet. The maximum segment
distance is 1,640 feet (500 meters).
•
10BASE-T—Ethernet on unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable. The maximum segment distance is
328 feet (100 meters). UTP cables look like the wiring used for ordinary telephones; however, UTP
cables meet certain electrical standards that telephone cables do not meet.
Table 2-2 lists the router models described in this guide and summarizes the LAN interfaces supported
on each model.
Table 2-2
Cisco 2600 Series LAN Connections
Model
Ethernet
(10BASE-T)
Token Ring
(RJ-45)
Fast Ethernet
(10/100)
Network
Module Slot
WAN Interface
Card Slots
Advanced
Integration
Module Slots
Cisco 2610
1
—
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2610XM —
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2611
—
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2611XM —
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2612
1
1
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2613
—
1
—
1
2
1
Cisco 2620
—
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2620XM —
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2621
—
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2621XM —
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2650
—
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2650XM —
—
1
1
2
1
Cisco 2651
—
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2651XM —
—
2
1
2
1
Cisco 2691
—
2
1
3
2
2
—
Token Ring Connections
The Cisco 2612 router provides both an Ethernet interface and a Token Ring shielded UTP interface.
The Cisco 2613 router provides a single Token Ring interface. (See Table 2-2.)
The IEEE has established Token Ring as standard IEEE 802.5. Specifications indicate a maximum
segment distance of 328 feet (100 meters) for UTP cabling.
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Note
To ensure agency compliance with FCC Class B electromagnetic emissions requirements (EMI), make
sure that you use a shielded RJ-45 Token Ring cable when connecting your router to a Token Ring
network.
Token Ring can operate at two different ring speeds: 4 and 16 Mbps. All devices on the Token Ring must
use the same operating speed.
Use a Token Ring cable to connect the router to a switch. Refer to the section “Token Ring Port Pinouts”
in the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications online document for the Token Ring port
pinouts. This document is available online and on the Cisco Documentation CD-ROM.
Serial Connections
Serial connections are provided by WAN interface cards and network modules. The WAN interface
cards can be installed in either slot of the 2-slot chassis; the network module can be installed in the
Cisco 2600 series single network module slot. For more information on WAN interface cards, refer to
the Cisco Interface Cards Hardware Installation Guide. For more information on network modules,
refer to the Cisco Network Modules Hardware Installation Guide. These documents are accessible
online and on the Cisco Documentation CD-ROM.
•
For information about installing WAN interface cards, refer to the Cisco Interface Cards Hardware
Installation Guide.
•
For information about installing network modules, refer to the Cisco Network Modules Hardware
Installation Guide.
Before you connect a device to a serial port, you need to know the following:
•
Type of device, data terminal equipment (DTE) or data communications equipment (DCE), you are
connecting to the synchronous serial interface
•
Type of connector, male or female, required to connect to the device
•
Signaling standard required by the device
Configuring Serial Connections
The serial ports on the asynchronous/synchronous serial network modules and the serial WAN interface
card use DB-60 connectors. Serial ports can be configured as DTE or DCE, depending on the serial cable
used.
Serial DTE or DCE Devices
A device that communicates over a synchronous serial interface is either a DTE or DCE device. A DCE
device provides a clock signal that paces the communications between the device and the router. A DTE
device does not provide a clock signal. DTE devices usually connect to DCE devices. The
documentation that accompanied the device should indicate whether it is a DTE or DCE device. (Some
devices have a jumper to select either DTE or DCE mode.) If you cannot determine the device type in
the documentation, see Table 2-3 to help you select the proper device type.
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Table 2-3
Typical DTE and DCE Devices
Device Type
DTE
Gender
Male
Typical Devices
1
Terminal
PC
DCE
Female
2
Modem
DSU/CSU
Multiplexer
1. If pins protrude from the base of the connector, the connector is male.
2. If the connector has holes to accept pins, the connector is female.
Signaling Standards Supported
The synchronous serial ports available for the router support the following signaling standards:
EIA/TIA-232, EIA/TIA-449, V.35, X.21, and EIA-530. You can order a Cisco DB-60 shielded serial
transition cable that has the appropriate connector for the standard you specify. The documentation for
the device you want to connect should indicate the standard used for that device. The router end of the
shielded serial transition cable has a DB-60 connector, which connects to the DB-60 port on a serial
WAN interface card. The other end of the serial transition cable is available with a connector appropriate
for the standard you specify.
The synchronous serial port can be configured as DTE or DCE, depending on the attached cable (except
EIA-530, which is DTE only). To order a shielded cable, contact customer service. See the “Obtaining
Documentation” section on page xvii.
Note
All serial ports configured as DTE require external clocking from a DSU/CSU or other DCE device.
Although manufacturing your own serial cables is not recommended (because of the small size of the
pins on the DB-60 serial connector), cable pinouts are provided in the Cisco Modular Access Router
Cable Specifications.
Distance Limitations
Serial signals can travel a limited distance at any given bit rate; generally, the slower the data rate, the
greater the distance. All serial signals are subject to distance limits, beyond which a signal significantly
degrades or is completely lost.
Note
Only the serial WAN interface card supports bit rates above 128 Kbps.
Table 2-4 lists the recommended maximum speeds and distances for each serial interface type; however,
you might get good results at speeds and distances greater than those listed, if you understand the
electrical problems that might arise and can compensate for them. For instance, the recommended
maximum rate for V.35 is 2 Mbps, but 4 Mbps is commonly used.
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Table 2-4
Serial Signal Transmission Speeds and Distances
EIA/TIA-232
Distance
EIA/TIA-449, X.21, V.35,
EIA-530 Distance
Rate (bps)
Feet
Meters
Feet
Meters
2400
200
60
4100
1250
4800
100
30
2050
625
9600
50
15
1025
312
19200
25
7.6
513
156
38400
12
3.7
256
78
56000
8.6
2.6
102
31
1544000 (T1)
—
—
50
15
Balanced drivers allow EIA/TIA-449 signals to travel greater distances than EIA/TIA-232 signals. The
recommended distance limits for EIA/TIA-449 shown in Table 2-4 are also valid for V.35, X.21, and
EIA-530. Typically, EIA/TIA-449 and EIA-530 can support 2-Mbps rates, and V.35 can support 4-Mbps
rates.
Asynchronous/Synchronous Serial Module Baud Rates
The following baud-rate limitations apply to the slow-speed serial interfaces found in the
asynchronous/synchronous serial modules:
•
Asynchronous interface—Maximum baud rate is 115.2 kbps.
•
Synchronous interface—Maximum baud rate is 128-kbps full duplex.
ISDN BRI Connections
The BRI WAN interface cards provide Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Basic Rate Interface
(BRI) connections. The BRI modules and BRI WAN interface cards are available with either an S/T
interface that requires an external Network Terminator 1 (NT1), or a U interface that has a built-in NT1.
You can install the BRI modules in any available slot in the chassis.
Warning
Hazardous network voltages are present in WAN ports regardless of whether power to the unit is OFF
or ON. To avoid electric shock, use caution when working near WAN ports. When detaching cables,
detach the end away from the unit first. Statement 1026
Use a BRI cable (not included) to connect the BRI WAN interface card directly to an ISDN. Table 2-5
lists the specifications for ISDN BRI cables. Also, refer to the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable
Specifications online document for pinouts. This document is located on Cisco.com and the
Documentation CD-ROM.
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Preparing to Install the Router
Preparing to Connect to a Network
Table 2-5
ISDN-BRI Cable Specifications
Specification
High-Capacitance Cable
Low-Capacitance Cable
Resistance (at 96 kHz)
160 ohms/km
160 ohms/km
1
Capacitance (at 1 kHz)
120 nF /km
30 nF/km
Impedance (at 96 kHz)
75 ohms
150 ohms
Wire diameter
0.024 in. (0.6 mm)
0.024 in. (0.6 mm)
Distance limitation
32.8 ft (10 m)
32.8 ft (10 m)
1. nF = nanoFarad
For more information on BRI WAN interface cards, refer to the Cisco Interface Cards Installation Guide
online document. This document is located on Cisco.com and the Documentation CD-ROM.
56-K/Switched-56-kbps DSU/CSU Connections
Switched-56-kbps connections are provided by the 56-kbps DSU/CSU WAN interface card.
For more information on Switched-56-kbps WAN interface cards, refer to the Cisco Interface Cards
Installation Guide online document. This document is located on Cisco.com and the Documentation
CD-ROM.
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Chapter 2
Preparing to Install the Router
Preparing to Connect to a Network
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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C H A P T E R
3
Installing the Router
This chapter guides you through the installation of Cisco 2600 series routers and includes the following
sections:
•
Installing Modules, Interface Cards, and Power Supplies, page 3-2
•
Setting Up the Chassis, page 3-3
•
Installing the Chassis Ground Connection, page 3-13
•
Power Connections, page 3-15
•
Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Cables, page 3-18
•
Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem, page 3-20
•
Powering Up the Router, page 3-23
•
Configuring the Router, page 3-25
Warning
This unit is intended for installation in restricted access areas. A restricted access area can be
accessed only through the use of a special tool, lock and key, or other means of security.
Statement 1017
Warning
Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry (including rings,
necklaces, and watches). Metal objects will heat up when connected to power and ground and can
cause serious burns or weld the metal object to the terminals. Statement 43
Warning
This equipment has been designed for connection to TN and IT power systems. Statement 1007
Warning
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to telephone-network
voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some
LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45 connectors. Use caution when connecting cables. Statement 1021
Warning
This equipment must be grounded. Never defeat the ground conductor or operate the equipment in the
absence of a suitably installed ground conductor. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection
authority or an electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available. Statement 1024
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Installing Modules, Interface Cards, and Power Supplies
Warning
Blank faceplates and cover panels serve three important functions: they prevent exposure to
hazardous voltages and currents inside the chassis; they contain electromagnetic interference (EMI)
that might disrupt other equipment; and they direct the flow of cooling air through the chassis. Do not
operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place.
Statement 1029
Warning
Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.
Statement 1030
Warning
To prevent personal injury or damage to the chassis, never attempt to lift or tilt the chassis using the
handles on modules (such as power supplies, fans, or cards); these types of handles are not designed
to support the weight of the unit. Statement 1032
Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national laws and regulations.
Statement 1040
Note
See the “Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance” section on page 2-6 for a list of tools
and equipment that might be required for your installation.
Installing Modules, Interface Cards, and Power Supplies
Cisco routers are normally shipped with network modules, WAN interface cards (WICs), voice interface
cards (VICs), advanced integration modules (AIMs), and power supplies already installed. If you need
to remove or install any of these items, refer to the applicable documents online.
For network modules:
•
Quick Start Guide: Network Modules for Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700
Series Routers
•
Cisco Network Modules Installation Guide
For WICs and VICs:
•
Quick Start Guide: Interface Cards for Cisco 1600, 1700, 2600, 3600, and 3700 Series
•
Cisco Interface Cards Installation Guide
For AIMs:
•
AIM Installation Quick Start Guide: Cisco 2600, 3600, and 3700 Series
•
Installing Advanced Integration Modules in Cisco 2600 Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700
Series Routers
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
For internal power supplies:
•
Cisco 2600 Series Power Supply Configuration Note
•
Installing AC Power Supplies in Cisco 2691 Routers
For external power supplies:
•
Note
Cisco RPS Hardware Installation Guide
If there are modules, interface cards, or power supplies to be removed or installed, we recommend that
you perform the installation or removal before you install the chassis. If a chassis cover must be
removed, the chassis may have to be removed from the rack to permit cover removal.
If the required network modules, interface cards, and power supplies are already installed, proceed to
the “Setting Up the Chassis” section on page 3-3.
Setting Up the Chassis
You can set the chassis on a desktop, install it in a rack, or mount it on a wall or other flat surface. Use
the procedure in this section that best meets the needs of your network. The sections are as follows:
•
Setting the Chassis on a Desktop, page 3-3
•
Mounting the Chassis in a Rack, page 3-4
•
Mounting the Chassis on the Wall, page 3-11
Setting the Chassis on a Desktop
You can place Cisco 2600 series routers on a desktop or shelf. For Cisco 2600 series routers of
1 rack-unit height only, attach the rubber feet supplied in the accessory kit. The procedure is as follows:
Step 1
Place the router upside-down on a smooth, flat surface.
Step 2
Peel the rubber feet from the black adhesive strip and attach them to the five round, recessed areas on
the bottom of the chassis. (See Figure 3-1.)
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Figure 3-1
Rubber Feet Locations on Cisco 2600 Series Routers of 1-RU Height
H4795
Fan
Step 3
Caution
Place the router top-side up on a flat, smooth, secure surface.
Do not place anything on top of the router that weighs more than 10 pounds (4.5 kg). Excessive weight
on top could damage the chassis.
After the router has been installed, you must connect the chassis to a reliable earth ground. For the
chassis ground connection procedures, see the “Installing the Chassis Ground Connection” section on
page 3-13.
Mounting the Chassis in a Rack
This section describes the procedures for rack-mounting the chassis. Cisco 2600 series routers with a
chassis height of 1 rack-unit (1RU) ship with brackets for use with a 19-inch rack or, if specified in your
order, optional larger brackets for use with a 23- or 24-inch rack. Cisco 2600 series routers with a chassis
height of 2 rack-units (2RU) ship with brackets for use with 19-inch racks and with
NEBS/ETSI-compliant brackets for use with 23-inch racks. The brackets are shown in Figure 3-2,
Figure 3-3, and Figure 3-4.
Brackets for Cisco 261x, Cisco 262x, Cisco 26xxXM, and Cisco 265x Series Routers
Bracket for use
with a 19-inch rack
Bracket for use with a
23-inch or 24-inch rack
27711
Figure 3-2
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Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Brackets for 19-Inch Rack-Mounting of Routers with 2-RU Height
Narrow bracket for
chassis side opposite fans
Brackets for 23-Inch Rack-Mounting of Routers with 2-RU Height
For chassis side
opposite fans
For chassis side
with fans
82532
23" ETSI, NEBS
LEFT
Slots for
cable tie
attachment
23" ETSI, NEBS
RIGHT
Figure 3-4
Wide bracket for
chassis side with fans
72283
LEFT
Slots for
cable tie
attachment
RIGHT
Figure 3-3
Attaching the Brackets to Cisco 261x, Cisco 262x, Cisco 26xxXM, and Cisco 265x Series Routers
To install the chassis in a rack, attach the brackets in one of the following ways:
•
With the front panel forward (see Figure 3-5 and Figure 3-6)
•
With the rear panel forward (see Figure 3-7 and Figure 3-8)
•
In a center-mount rack, with the rear panel forward (see Figure 3-9 through Figure 3-11)
Note
Use the screws that came with your router package for attaching the brackets.
Note
If you are installing a Cisco 2600 series router in a 19-inch rack with a 17.5-inch opening, orient the
rack-mount brackets so that, when installed, they do not increase the width of the chassis. (See
Figure 3-5.)
If you are installing a Cisco 2600 series router in a 19-inch rack with a 17.75-inch opening or a 23- or
24-inch rack, orient the rack-mount brackets so that, when installed, they increase the width of the
chassis. (See Figure 3-6.)
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Note
The following illustrations show how to connect the bracket to one side of the chassis. The second
bracket connects to the opposite side of the chassis.
Bracket Installation—Front Panel Forward (19-Inch Rack with a 17.5-Inch Opening)
62676
Figure 3-5
Note: The second bracket attaches to the other side of the chassis.
When installed in a 19-inch rack with a 17.75-inch opening, Cisco 2600 series routers protrude beyond
the front of the rack.
Figure 3-6
Bracket Installation—Front Panel Forward (19-Inch Rack with a 17.75-Inch Opening or a
23- or 24-Inch Rack)
Note: The second bracket attaches
to the other side of the chassis.
Brackets for
19-inch rack
Brackets for
23-inch or 24-inch rack
62881
Note
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Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Bracket Installation—Rear Panel Forward (19-Inch Rack with a 17.5-Inch Opening)
110V 60 Hz
1.6A MAX
Figure 3-7
Brackets for
19-inch rack
Bracket Installation—Rear Panel Forward (19-Inch Rack with a 17.75-Inch Opening or a
23- or 24-Inch Rack)
110V 60 Hz
1.6A MAX
Figure 3-8
72013
Note: The second bracket attaches
to the other side of the chassis.
Brackets for
19-inch rack
Brackets for
23-inch or 24-inch rack
72014
Note: The second bracket attaches
to the other side of the chassis.
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Center-Mount Bracket Installation—Rear Panel Forward (19-Inch Rack with a 17.75-Inch
Opening or a 23- or 24-Inch Rack)
Note: The second bracket attaches
to the other side of the chassis.
Brackets for
19-inch rack
Brackets for
23-inch or 24-inch rack
72015
110V 60 Hz
1.6A MAX
Figure 3-9
Note: The second bracket attaches
to the other side of the chassis.
Brackets for
19-inch rack
Brackets for
23-inch or 24-inch rack
62983
110V 60 Hz
1.6A MAX
Figure 3-10 Center-Mount Bracket Installation—Rear Panel Forward (19-Inch Rack with a 17.5-Inch
Opening or a 23- or 24-Inch Rack)
Note: The second bracket attaches
to the other side of the chassis.
Brackets for
19-inch rack
Brackets for
23-inch or 24-inch rack
72016
Figure 3-11 Center-Mount Bracket Installation—Front Panel Forward (19-Inch Rack with a 17.5-Inch
Opening or a 23- or 24-Inch Rack)
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Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Attaching the Brackets to a Router of 2-RU Height
To install the chassis in a rack, attach the brackets in one of the following ways:
Note
•
With the front panel forward (see Figure 3-12)
•
With the rear panel forward (see Figure 3-13)
•
In a center-mount rack (see Figure 3-14 and Figure 3-15)
Use the screws that came with your router package for attaching the brackets.
Figure 3-12 Bracket Installation—Front Mounting
82691
LEFT
23" ETSI, NEBS
LEFT
RIGHT
23" ETSI, NEBS
RIGHT
SERIES
SER
IES
Left bracket
for 23-inch rack
Left (narrow) bracket
for 19-inch rack
Right (wide) bracket
for 19-inch rack
Right bracket
Use two screws on each side.
for 23-inch rack
RIGHT
23" ETSI, NEBS
RIGHT
82692
Figure 3-13 Bracket Installation—Rear Mounting
NM-HDV
SEE
MANUA
L
BEFOR
E
INSTAL
LATION
SEE MANUA
L BEFOR
E INSTAL
LATION
DSU
56K
SEE MANUA
L BEFOR
E INSTAL
LATION
Right (wide) bracket
for 19-inch rack
23" ETSI, NEBS
LEFT
DSU
56K
LEFT
LATION
CD
E INSTAL
TD
L BEFOR
RD
SEE MANUA
LP
V0
EN
Right bracket
for 23-inch rack
AL
CD
E1
TD
CTRLR
RD
CD
E2
LP
LP
CTRLR
AL
AL
VWIC
BANK 4
2MFT-E1
BANK 3
BANK 2
BANK 1
BANK 0
Left (narrow) bracket
for 19-inch rack
Left bracket
Four screws are required on each side.
for 23-inch rack
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Figure 3-14 Bracket Installation—Center Mounting with Front Panel Forward
Use two screws on each side.
23" ETSI, NEBS
RIGHT
RIGHT
82689
LEFT
23" ETSI, NEBS
LEFT
SERIES
SER
IES
Left bracket
for 23-inch rack
Left (narrow) bracket
for 19-inch rack
Right (wide) bracket
for 19-inch rack
Right bracket
for 23-inch rack
Figure 3-15 Bracket Installation—Center Mounting with Rear Panel Forward
82690
RIGHT
RIGHT
NM-HDV
SEE MANUAL
BEFORE
INSTALL
ATION
DSU
56K
SEE MANUAL
BEFORE
INSTALL
ATION
Use two screws on each side.
LEFT
DSU
56K
LEFT
INSTALL
ATION
RD
BEFORE
LP
SEE MANUAL
CD
V0
EN
AL
CD
SEE
MANUAL
BEFORE
INSTALL
ATION
TD
E1
RD
CTRLR
TD
Right bracket
for 23-inch rack
Right (wide) bracket
for 19-inch rack
CD
E2
LP
LP
CTRLR
AL
AL
VWIC
BANK 4
2MFT-E
1
BANK 3
BANK 2
BANK 1
BANK 0
Left (narrow) bracket
for 19-inch rack
Left bracket
for 23-inch rack
Installing the Router in a Rack
After the brackets are secured to the chassis, you can mount the chassis in a rack. Use the illustrations
in the previous section as a guide to attaching the brackets to the rack.
Warning
To prevent bodily injury when mounting or servicing this unit in a rack, you must take special
precautions to ensure that the system remains stable. The following guidelines are provided to
ensure your safety:
•
This unit should be mounted at the bottom of the rack if it is the only unit in the rack.
•
When mounting this unit in a partially filled rack, load the rack from the bottom to the top with the heaviest
component at the bottom of the rack.
•
If the rack is provided with stabilizing devices, install the stabilizers before mounting or servicing the unit in
the rack. Statement 1006
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
To see translations of the warnings that appear in this publication, refer to the Cisco 2600 Series,
Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information document that
accompanied this device.
Note
Caution
The screws for attaching the brackets to the rack are not included with the router.
Always use two screws to attach each bracket to the rack.
After the router has been installed, you must connect the chassis to a reliable earth ground. For the
chassis ground connection procedures, see the “Installing the Chassis Ground Connection” section on
page 3-13.
Mounting the Chassis on the Wall
This section explains how to mount Cisco 2600 series routers with a chassis height of 1RU on a wall.
Mounting a 2-RU chassis to a wall is not recommended, and brackets are not provided for mounting to
a wall.
Tip
When choosing a wall-mounting location, consider cable limitations and wall structure.
Use 19-inch brackets (shown in Figure 3-2) to wall-mount the chassis. The small brackets provide the
most stable installation for the chassis. The rubber feet are required to provide spacing between the wall
and the router for ventilation and proper cooling.
Attaching Rubber Feet to the Router
Attach the rubber feet supplied in the accessory kit. See Figure 3-1 on page 3-4 for positioning the
rubber feet.
Attaching Wall-Mount Brackets to the Router
To install the router on a wall, first attach the brackets on each side of the chassis as shown in
Figure 3-16, using plastic washers and slotted hex-head screws. Position the washers so that the narrow
shoulder faces the router chassis.
Note
The hex-head screws and plastic washers are used only for wall-mounting the router. For rack-mounting,
the brackets are attached using Phillips-head screws, without washers.
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Setting Up the Chassis
Figure 3-16 Attaching the Wall-Mount Brackets
Mounting the Router on the Wall
After fastening the brackets to the chassis, mount the chassis on the wall:
•
Orient the front and rear of the chassis vertically.
•
Position the end nearest the power cable at the top.
•
Align the screws (not included) with a wall stud, or use wall anchors.
•
Figure 3-17 shows a typical wall-mounted installation.
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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Installing the Router
Installing the Chassis Ground Connection
AUX
LINK ETHERNET 0 ACT CONSOLE
SERIAL 0
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
27720
CONN
LINK ETHERNET 1 ACT
SERIAL 1
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
SERIAL 0
CONN
SERIAL 1
WIC
CONN 2A/S
W0
Cisco 2611
100-240V– 1A
50/60 Hz 47 W
Figure 3-17 Mounting the Chassis on the Wall
After the router has been installed, you must connect the chassis to a reliable earth ground. For the
chassis ground connection procedures, see the “Installing the Chassis Ground Connection” section on
page 3-13.
Installing the Chassis Ground Connection
All Cisco 2600 series router chassis require a reliable earth ground connection. You must connect the
chassis to a reliable earth ground; the ground wire must be installed in accordance with local electrical
safety standards.
•
For NEBS-compliant grounding, use size AWG 6 (13 mm2) wire and the ground lug provided in the
accessory kit.
•
For NEC-compliant grounding, use size AWG 14 (2 mm2) or larger wire and an appropriate
user-supplied ring terminal.
•
For EN/IEC 60950-compliant grounding, use size AWG 18 (1 mm2) or larger wire and an
appropriate user-supplied ring terminal.
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Installing the Chassis Ground Connection
To connect the chassis to a reliable earth ground, perform the following steps:
Step 1
Strip one end of the ground wire to the length required for the ground lug or terminal.
•
For the NEBS ground lug—approximately 0.75 in. (20 mm)
•
For user-provided ring terminal—as required
Step 2
Crimp the ground wire to the ground lug or ring terminal, using a crimp tool of the appropriate size.
Step 3
Attach the ground lug or ring terminal to the chassis as shown in Figure 3-18, Figure 3-19, Figure 3-20,
or Figure 3-21. For the ground lug, use the two screws with captive locking washers provided. For a ring
terminal, use one of the screws provided. Use a number 2 Phillips screwdriver, and tighten the screws to
a torque of 8 to 10 in-lb (0.9 to 1.1 N-m).
Step 4
Connect the other end of the ground wire to a suitable grounding point at your site.
Figure 3-18 NEBS-Compliant Chassis Ground Connection Using Ground Lug, 1-RU Chassis
SERIAL 1
Cisco 2611
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 0
CONN
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SERIAL 0
CONN
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
100-240V– 1A
50/60 Hz 47 W
WIC
2T
CONN
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
W1
W0
LINK ETHERNET 1 ACT
LINK ETHERNET 0 ACT
AUX
36454
CONSOLE
Ground lug
Figure 3-19 Chassis Ground Connection Using Ring Terminal, 1-RU Chassis
SERIAL 1
Cisco 2611
SERIAL 1
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SERIAL 0
CONN
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
CONN
100-240V– 1A
50/60 Hz 47 W
WIC
2T
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
103057
SERIAL 0
CONN
W1
W0
LINK ETHERNET 1 ACT
LINK ETHERNET 0 ACT
CONSOLE
AUX
Ring terminal
72228
Figure 3-20 NEBS-Compliant Chassis Ground Connection Using Ground Lug, Cisco 2691
ASYNC
31
30
27
29
26
28
25
ASYNC
24-31
24
23
15
14
11
13
10
12
9
ASYNC
22
19
21
18
20
17
ASYNC
16-23
16
8-15
8
0-7
CD
TD
DSU
56K
ACT
100 Mbps
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
LINK
ACT
FAST ETHER
NET 0/1
Ground lug
attachment
RD
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
RE INSTA
LLATION
EN
LP
0
AL
ASYNC
CD
1
TD
2
4
RD
3
5
LP
6
AL
7
CF1
RE INSTA
LLATION
DSU
56K
100 Mbps
FAST ETHER
NET 0/0
LINK
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
RE INSTA
LLATION
CISCO269
1
CONSO
LE
AUX
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Power Connections
103008
Figure 3-21 Ground Connection Using Ring Terminal, Cisco 2691
ASYNC
31
30
27
29
26
28
25
ASYNC
24-31
24
23
15
14
11
13
10
12
9
ASYNC
22
19
21
18
20
17
ASYNC
16-23
16
8-15
8
0-7
CD
TD
DSU
56K
LLATION
ACT
100 Mbps
LINK
ACT
FAST ETHER
NET 0/1
Ring terminal
attachment
RD
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
RE INSTA
EN
LP
0
AL
ASYNC
CD
1
TD
2
4
RD
3
5
LP
6
AL
7
FAST ETHER
NET 0/0
CF1
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
RE INSTA
LLATION
DSU
56K
100 Mbps
LINK
SEE MANU
AL BEFO
CISCO269
RE INSTA
LLATION
1
CONSO
LE
AUX
After the router has been installed and properly grounded, you can connect the power wiring; the WAN,
LAN, and voice cables; and the cables for administrative access, as required for your installation. For
cable connection procedures, see the “Power Connections” section on page 3-15, the “Connecting WAN,
LAN, and Voice Cables” section on page 3-18, and the “Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem”
section on page 3-20.
Power Connections
Warning
Read the installation instructions before connecting the system to the power source. Statement 1004
Warning
Do not work on the system, or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.
Statement 1001
Note
The installation must comply with all required electrical codes applicable at the installation site.
This section explains how to connect AC or DC power to Cisco 2600 series routers. It covers the
following topics:
•
Connecting Routers to AC Power, page 3-15
•
Connecting Routers to a DC-Input Power Supply, page 3-16
•
Connecting Routers to the Cisco Redundant Power System, page 3-18
Connecting Routers to AC Power
If your router uses AC power, connect it to a 15 A, 120 VAC (10 A, 240 VAC) circuit with overcurrent
protection.
Note
The input voltage tolerance limits for AC power are 85 and 264 VAC.
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Power Connections
Warning
AC connected units must have a permanent ground connection in addition to the power cable ground
wire. NEBS-compliant grounding satisfies this requirement. Statement 284
Warning
This product relies on the building’s installation for short-circuit (overcurrent) protection. Ensure that
the protective device is rated not greater than:
15A, 120VAC (10A, 240VAC). Statement 1005
Connecting Routers to a DC-Input Power Supply
If your router has a DC-input power supply, follow the directions in this section for proper wiring.
Warning
This product relies on the building’s installation for short-circuit (overcurrent) protection. Ensure that
the protective device is rated not greater than:
15A, 60VDC. Statement 1005
Warning
Use copper conductors only. Statement 1025
DC Wiring Requirements
Table 3-1 summarizes the wiring requirements for Cisco 2600 series routers with a DC-input power
supply.
Note
Table 3-1
For installations compliant with the National Electric Code, AWG 14 (2.0 mm2) wire is required for DC
input and safety ground wire.
DC Wiring Requirements for Cisco 2600 Series Routers
Router
DC Input Wire Size1
DC Input
AWG 14 (2.0 mm2)
15 A maximum
24 - 36 V, 8 A,
positive or negative,
single or dual sources3
AWG 18
(1.0 mm2)
AWG 14
(2.0 mm2)
15 A maximum
36 - 60 V, 4 A,
positive or negative,
single or dual sources
AWG 18
(1.0 mm2)
AWG 14
(2.0 mm2))
15 A maximum
–48 to –60 VDC, 4 A
Cisco 2691
2
Safety Ground Wire Size Overcurrent Protection
AWG 18 (1.0 mm )
Cisco 2600 with
1-RU chassis height
2
1. See the note above this table for National Electric Code wire size requirements.
2. The input voltage tolerance limits for nominal 48-V power supplies are 38 and 72 VDC.
3. The input voltage tolerance limits for nominal 24/48-V power supplies are 18 and 72 VDC.
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Installing the Router
Power Connections
Wiring Procedure for DC Input
To connect the router to a DC power source, perform this procedure:
Step 1
Warning
Tip
Remove power from the DC circuit. To ensure that power is removed from the DC circuit, locate the
circuit breaker for the DC circuit, switch the circuit breaker to the OFF position, and tape the
circuit-breaker switch in the OFF position.
Before performing any of the following procedures, ensure that power is removed from the DC circuit.
Statement 1003
Secure all power cabling when installing this unit to avoid disturbing field-wiring connections.
Step 2
Strip the wires to the appropriate length for the terminal block on the power supply.
Step 3
Connect the DC power input wires to the terminal block, as shown in Figure 3-22.
Warning
The illustration shows the DC power supply terminal block. Wire the DC power supply as illustrated.
The proper wiring sequence is ground to ground, positive to positive, and negative to negative. The
ground wire should always be connected first and disconnected last. Statement 239
Caution
The terminal arrangement on your router may not be identical to the arrangement shown in the figures.
You must connect the positive, negative, and ground wires according to the labels on the terminals.
Caution
Do not overtorque the terminal block captive thumbscrew or terminal block contact screws. The
recommended torque is 8.0 ± 0.5 inch-lb (0.93 ± 0.05 N-m).
Note
The 2600XM DC power supply is reverse connection protected. There are no negative effects if input
power leads are connected backwards except that the router will not boot up.
Figure 3-22 DC Power Connections for Cisco 2600 Series Routers (Typical)
Negative
Ground
Positive
72363
On/off
switch
-
+
Step 4
Secure the wires using cable ties.
Step 5
Turn on power to the DC circuit.
Terminal
block
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Cables
Connecting Routers to the Cisco Redundant Power System
If your router uses the Cisco Redundant Power System (RPS), refer to the Cisco RPS Hardware
Installation Guide for instructions about the power connections. You can access this document at the
location described in the“Obtaining Documentation” section on page xvii.
Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Cables
This chapter describes how to connect the WAN, LAN, and voice interface cables. It includes the
following sections:
Note
Warning
•
“Ports and Cabling” section on page 3-18
•
“LAN, WAN, and Voice Connection Procedures” section on page 3-19
One or two Ethernet cables are typically provided with the router. Additional cables and transceivers can
be ordered from Cisco. For ordering information, refer to the Cisco Product Catalog at
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_catalog_links_launch.html. For cable pinouts, refer to
the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document available online and on the
Documentation CD-ROM.
Do not work on the system, or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.
Statement 1001
Ports and Cabling
Table 3-2 summarizes some typical WAN, LAN, and voice connections for Cisco 2600 series routers.
The connections summarized here are also described in detail in the following documents:
Table 3-2
•
Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications
•
Cisco Network Modules Installation Guide
•
Cisco Interface Cards Installation Guide
WAN, LAN, and Voice Connections
Port or Connection
Port Type, Color
Connected To:
Cable
Ethernet
RJ-45, yellow
Ethernet hub or Ethernet switch
Straight-through Ethernet
T1/E1 WAN
RJ-48C/CA81A, blue T1 or E1 network
RJ-48 T1
Cisco serial
60-pin D-sub
Cisco Smart serial
Cisco Smart compact CSU/DSU and serial network or
connector, blue
equipment (For WIC-2T and
WIC-2A/S only)
Cisco serial transition cable that
matches the signaling protocol
(EIA/TIA-232, EIA/TIA-449, V.35,
X.21, or EIA/TIA-530) and the serial
port operating mode (DTE or DCE).1
DSL
RJ-11C/CA11A,
lavender
CSU/DSU and serial network or
equipment
Network demarcation device for
service provider’s DSL interface
RJ-11
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Installing the Router
Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Cables
Table 3-2
WAN, LAN, and Voice Connections (continued)
Port or Connection
Port Type, Color
Connected To:
Cable
T1 digital voice
RJ-48C/CA81A, tan
Digital PBX
RJ-48 T1 cable
Analog voice FXS
RJ-11, gray
Telephone, fax
RJ-11
Analog voice FXO
RJ-11, pink
Central office, analog PBX
RJ-11
Analog voice E&M
RJ-11, brown
Analog PBX
RJ-11
BRI S/T WAN
(external NT1)
RJ-48C/CA81A,
orange
NT1 device or private integrated
network exchange (PINX)
RJ-48
BRI U WAN
(built-in NT1)
RJ-49C/CA11A, red
ISDN network
RJ-49
CT1/PRI
T1
External T1 CSU
DB-15 T1 serial cable
CT1/PRI-CSU
T1
RJ-48C/CA81A interface
RJ-48 straight-through
CE1/PRI
E1
E1 network
DB-15 to BNC, DB-15 to DB-15,
DB-15 to twinax, or DB-15 to RJ-45
Token Ring
UTP, purple
Token Ring device
RJ-45 Token Ring cable
RJ-48S interface
RJ-48 straight-through
STP, purple
56/64-kbps DSU/CSU 8-pin modular, blue
1. Refer to the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications for information about selecting these cables.
LAN, WAN, and Voice Connection Procedures
Connect each WAN, LAN, and voice cable to the appropriate connector on the chassis or on a network
module or interface card.
•
Position the cables carefully, so that they do not put strain on the connectors.
•
Organize cables in bundles such that cables do not intertwine.
•
Inspect the cables to make sure that the routing and bend radiuses are satisfactory. Reposition
cables, if necessary.
•
Install cable ties in accordance with site requirements.
For cable pinouts, refer to the online document Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications.
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem
For more information about connecting and configuring network modules, WAN interface cards, and
voice interface cards, refer to the following documents:
•
Cisco Network Modules Installation Guide
•
Cisco Interface Cards Installation Guide
Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem
Your router includes asynchronous serial console and auxiliary ports. These ports provide administrative
access to your router either locally (with a console terminal) or remotely (with a modem).
Cisco provides the following cables and adapters for connecting your router to a console terminal, PC,
or modem:
•
One console adapter cable (RJ-45-to-DB-9, blue)
•
One modem adapter cable (RJ-45-to-DB-25, black)
This section describes how to connect a console terminal or PC to the console port, and how to connect
a modem to the auxiliary port. It contains the following sections:
Note
•
Connecting to the Console Port, page 3-20
•
Connecting to the Auxiliary Port, page 3-21
•
Identifying a Rollover Cable, page 3-22
For information on identifying rollover cables, refer to the “Identifying a Rollover Cable” section on
page 3-22.
Connecting to the Console Port
To connect a console terminal or a PC running terminal emulation software to the console port on the
router, perform the following procedure:
Step 1
Connect the terminal using the blue RJ-45-to-DB-9 adapter cable. (See Figure 3-23.)
For information about console port pinouts, refer to the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable
Specifications document available online and on the Documentation CD-ROM.
Note
Step 2
Note
On the Cisco routers, the console port is color-coded blue.
Configure your terminal or PC terminal emulation software for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and
1 stop bit.
Because hardware flow control is not possible on the console port, we do not recommend that modems
be connected to the console port. Modems should be connected only to the auxiliary port.
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Installing the Router
Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem
Figure 3-23 Connecting to a Console Terminal
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 0
CONN
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
CONN
SERIAL 0
Cisco 2611
WIC
CONN 2A/S
100-240V– 1A
50/60 Hz 47 W
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
W0
LINK ETHERNET 1 ACT
LINK ETHERNET 0 ACT CONSOLE
AUX
Console port (RJ-45)
RJ-45 to RJ-45
rollover cable
RJ-45 to DB-9 or
RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter
H11493
Laptop computer
Connecting to the Auxiliary Port
To connect a modem to the auxiliary port on the router, perform the following procedure:
Step 1
Connect a modem to the auxiliary port using the black RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter cable. (See Figure 3-24.)
For information about auxiliary port pinouts, refer to the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable
Specifications document available online and on the Documentation CD-ROM.
Note
Step 2
On the Cisco routers, the auxiliary port is color-coded black.
Make sure that your modem and the auxiliary port on the router are configured for the same transmission
speed (up to 115200 bps is supported) and hardware flow control with Data Carrier Detect (DCD) and
Data Terminal Ready (DTR) operations.
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem
Figure 3-24 Connecting a Modem to the Auxiliary Port
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 1
SERIAL 0
CONN
WIC
CONN 2A/S
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
SERIAL 0
CONN
Cisco 2611
WIC
CONN 2A/S
100-240V– 1A
50/60 Hz 47 W
SEE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION
W0
LINK ETHERNET 1 ACT
LINK ETHERNET 0 ACT CONSOLE
AUX
AUX port (RJ-45)
Modem
RJ-45 to DB-25 adapter
EIA/TIA-232
H11492
Modem cable
Identifying a Rollover Cable
Use a rollover cable to connect to the asynchronous serial console and auxiliary ports. You can identify
a rollover cable by comparing the two modular ends of the cable. Hold the cables side-by-side, with the
tab at the back. The wire connected to the pin on the outside of the left plug should be the same color as
the wire connected to the pin on the outside of the right plug. (See Figure 3-25.) If your cable came from
Cisco, pin 1 will be white on one connector, and pin 8 will be white on the other (a rollover cable reverses
pins 1 and 8, 2 and 7, 3 and 6, and 4 and 5).
Figure 3-25 Identifying a Rollover Cable
Pin 1 and pin 8
should be the
same color
Pin 8
H3824
Pin 1
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Installing the Router
Powering Up the Router
Powering Up the Router
Warning
Caution
The plug-socket combination must be accessible at all times because it serves as the main
disconnecting device. Statement 1019
To ensure adequate cooling, never operate the router unless the unit is completely closed.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Checklist for Power Up, page 3-23
•
Front Panel Indicators, page 3-23
•
Power-Up Procedure, page 3-24
Checklist for Power Up
You are ready to power up the Cisco router if the following steps are completed:
•
Chassis is securely mounted.
•
Power and interface cables are connected.
•
Your PC terminal emulation program is configured for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no
parity.
•
You have selected passwords for access control.
•
You have determined the IP addresses for the Ethernet and serial interfaces.
Front Panel Indicators
The following indicator LEDs provide power, activity, and status information:
Routers with 1-RU Chassis Height
The following indicator LEDs provide power, activity, and status information:
•
POWER (green)—Lit when power is on.
•
RPS (green)—
– Off—No redundant power supply (RPS) is present
– Blinking —System is booted, RPS is present, RPS failure
– Continuous on—System is booted, RPS is present, no RPS failure
•
ACTIVITY (green)—
– Slow, steady blinking—System is booting
– Blinks during system activity, such as interrupts and packet transfers
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Installing the Router
Powering Up the Router
Routers with 2-RU Chassis Height
The following indicator LEDs provide power, activity, and status information:
•
PWR (green)—Lit when power is on.
•
SYS/RPS (green)—
– Rapid blinking (200 ms)—System is booting
– Slow blinking (1 s)—Redundant power supply (RPS) failure
– Continuous on—System okay
•
ACT (green)—Blinks during system activity, such as interrupts and packet transfers
For more detailed information about the LEDs, see Appendix A, “Troubleshooting.”
Power-Up Procedure
To power up your Cisco router and verify that it goes through its initialization and self-test, follow this
procedure. When the procedure is finished, the Cisco router is ready to configure.
If you encounter problems when you power on the router, see Appendix A, “Troubleshooting.” For
information about the ROM monitor and the bootstrap program, see Appendix B, “Using the
ROM Monitor.” For information about the configuration register, see Appendix C, “Configuration
Register.”
Note
To view the boot sequence through a terminal session, you must have a console connection to the
Cisco router before it powers up.
Step 1
Make sure that your PC is powered up and connected as described in the “Checklist for Power Up”
section on page 3-23.
Step 2
Move the power switch to the ON position.
The following indications appear:
•
The green POWER or PWR LED on the front of the chassis comes on.
•
The fan operates.
Depending on your installation, Fast Ethernet (0/0, 0/1) and Network Module (Active, Ready) LEDs
might also come on.
If you encounter problems when you power up the router, see Appendix A, “Troubleshooting.”
Messages begin to appear in your terminal emulation program window.
Caution
Do not press any keys on the keyboard until the messages stop. Any keys pressed during this time are
interpreted as the first command typed when the messages stop, which might cause the router to power
off and start over. It takes a few minutes for the messages to stop.
You may see different startup messages:
•
If you see the following messages, the router has booted with a configuration file and is ready for
initial configuration using Cisco Router and Security Device Manager (SDM).
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Installing the Router
Configuring the Router
yourname con0 is now available
Press RETURN to get started.
If SDM is installed on your router, we recommend using SDM to perform the initial configuration.
For configuration procedures using SDM, refer to the quick start guide that shipped with your router.
You can also access the Cisco 2600 series routers quick start guides online at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/access/acs_mod/cis2600/26xx_qsg/index.htm
•
If you see the following messages, the router has booted and is ready for initial configuration using
the setup command facility or the command-line interface (CLI).
--- System Configuration Dialog --At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.
Use ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt.
Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.
Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]:
To learn how to use the setup command facility to configure the router, see the “Initial Configuration
Using the Setup Command Facility” section on page 3-26. To learn how to use the CLI to configure
the router, see the “Initial Configuration Using the CLI (Manual Configuration)” section on
page 3-28.
Note
If the rommon 1> prompt appears, your system has booted in ROM monitor mode. For information on the
ROM monitor, see the router rebooting and ROM monitor information in the Cisco IOS Configuration
Fundamentals Configuration Guide for your Cisco IOS software release.
Configuring the Router
You can configure your router by using one of the following tools:
Note
•
Cisco Router and Security Device Manager. If your router was purchased with a virtual private
network (VPN) bundle, Cisco Router and Security Device Manager is installed on the router. See
the “Initial Configuration Using SDM” section on page 3-26
•
Setup command facility. you can use the setup command facility to prompt you for basic router
information. After the configuration file has been created, you can use the CLI or use
Cisco Router and Security Device Manager to perform additional configuration. See the “Initial
Configuration Using the Setup Command Facility” section on page 3-26.
•
Command-line interface (CLI). If you prefer to use the Cisco IOS CLI, see the “Initial Configuration
Using the CLI (Manual Configuration)” section on page 3-28 for instructions on how to use the CLI.
If you need help with interface and port numbering, see the “Interface Numbering” section on page 1-9.
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Configuring the Router
Initial Configuration Using SDM
If Cisco Router and Security Device Manager has been installed on your router, the following messages
appear at the end of the startup sequence:
yourname con0 is now available
Press RETURN to get started.
For configuration procedures using SDM, refer to the quick start guide that shipped with your router.
You can also access the Cisco 2600 series routers quick start guides online at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/access/acs_mod/cis2600/26xx_qsg/index.htm
Initial Configuration Using the Setup Command Facility
This section shows how to use the setup command facility to configure a hostname for the router, set
passwords, and configure an interface for communication with the management network. If you see the
following messages at the end of the startup sequence, the setup command facility has been invoked
automatically:
--- System Configuration Dialog --At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.
Use ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt.
Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.
Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]:
The setup command facility prompts you for basic information about your router and network, and it
creates an initial configuration file.The prompts vary, depending on your router model, the installed
interface modules, and the software image. The following example and the user entries (in bold) are
shown as examples only.
For a description of the interface numbering, see the “Interface Numbering” section on page 1-9.
Note
Step 1
If you make a mistake while using the setup command facility, you can exit and run the setup command
facility again. Press Ctrl-C, and enter setup at the privileged EXEC mode prompt (Router#).
To proceed using the setup command facility, enter yes when the power-up messages have ended.
Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: yes
Step 2
When the following messages appear, press Return to enter basic management setup:
At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.
Use ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt.
Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.
Basic management setup configures only enough connectivity
for management of the system, extended setup will ask you
to configure each interface on the system
Would you like to enter basic management setup? [yes/no]: yes
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Configuring the Router
Step 3
Enter a hostname for the router (this example uses 2600):
Configuring global parameters:
Enter hostname [Router]:
Step 4
2600
Enter an enable secret password. This password is encrypted (more secure) and cannot be seen when
viewing the configuration:
The enable secret is a password used to protect access to
privileged EXEC and configuration modes. This password, after
entered, becomes encrypted in the configuration.
Enter enable secret: xxxxxx
Step 5
Enter an enable password that is different from the enable secret password. This password is not
encrypted (less secure) and can be seen when viewing the configuration:
The enable password is used when you do not specify an
enable secret password, with some older software versions, and
some boot images.
Enter enable password: xxxxxx
Step 6
Enter the virtual terminal password, which prevents unauthenticated access to the router through ports
other than the console port:
The virtual terminal password is used to protect
access to the router over a network interface.
Enter virtual terminal password: xxxxxx
Step 7
Respond to the following prompts as appropriate for your network:
Configure SNMP Network Management? [yes]:
Community string [public]:
Step 8
A summary of the available interfaces is displayed:
Note
The interface numbering that appears is dependent on the type of Cisco modular router platform
and on the installed interface modules and cards.
Current interface summary
Controller Timeslots D-Channel Configurable modes Status
T1 0/0
24
23
pri/channelized
Administratively up
Interface
FastEthernet0/0
FastEthernet0/1
Step 9
IP-Address
unassigned
unassigned
OK? Method Status
NO unset up
NO unset up
Prol
up
dow
Select one of the available interfaces for connecting the router to the management network:
Enter interface name used to connect to the
management network from the above interface summary: fastethernet0/0
Step 10
Respond to the following prompts as appropriate for your network:
Configuring interface FastEthernet0/0:
Use the 100 Base-TX (RJ-45) connector? [yes]: yes
Operate in full-duplex mode? [no]: no
Configure IP on this interface? [yes]: yes
IP address for this interface: 172.1.2.3
Subnet mask for this interface [255.255.0.0] : 255.255.0.0
Class B network is 172.1.0.0, 16 subnet bits; mask is /16
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Chapter 3
Installing the Router
Configuring the Router
Step 11
The configuration is displayed:
The following configuration command script was created:
hostname fig
enable secret 5 $1$D5P6$PYx41/lQIASK.HcSbfO5q1
enable password xxxxxx
line vty 0 4
password xxxxxx
snmp-server community public
!
no ip routing
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
no shutdown
media-type 100BaseX
half-duplex
ip address 172.1.2.3 255.255.0.0
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
shutdown
no ip address
!
end
Step 12
Respond to the following prompts. Select [2] to save the initial configuration.:
[0] Go to the IOS command prompt without saving this config.
[1] Return back to the setup without saving this config.
[2] Save this configuration to nvram and exit.
Enter your selection [2]: 2
Building configuration...
Use the enabled mode 'configure' command to modify this configuration.
Press RETURN to get started!
Step 13
The user prompt appears:
2600>
After you complete the initial configuration tasks, your Cisco router is ready to configure for specific
functions. For configuration procedures, refer to the Software Configuration Guide for Cisco 2600
Series, Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Routers. or the Cisco IOS software configuration
documentation. You can access these documents on Cisco.com and on the Documentation CD-ROM.
Initial Configuration Using the CLI (Manual Configuration)
This section shows how to bring up a command-line interface (CLI) prompt for configuration using the
CLI, and it directs you to documentation for the CLI configuration.You can use the CLI if you see the
following messages at the end of the startup sequence:
--- System Configuration Dialog --At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.
Use ctrl-c to abort configuration dialog at any prompt.
Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.
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Configuring the Router
Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]:
Note
If these messages do not appear, SDM and a default configuration file have been installed on the router
at the factory. To use SDM to configure the router, refer to the quick start guide that shipped with your
router. You can also access the Cisco2600 series routers quick start guides online at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/access/acs_mod/cis2600/26xx_qsg/index.htm
Note
Step 1
To avoid losing work you have completed, be sure to save your configuration occasionally as you
proceed. Use the copy running-config startup-config command to save the configuration to NVRAM.
To proceed with manual configuration using the CLI, enter no:
Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no
Step 2
Press Return to terminate autoinstall and continue with manual configuration:
Would you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes] Return
Several messages are displayed, ending with a line similar to the following:
...
Copyright (c) 1986-2000 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled <date> <time> by <person>
Step 3
Press Return to bring up the Router> prompt:
...
flashfs[4]: Initialization complete.
Router>
Step 4
Enter privileged EXEC mode:
Router> enable
Router#
For configuration using the CLI, refer to the Software Configuration Guide for Cisco 2600 Series,
Cisco 3600 Series, and Cisco 3700 Series Routers. or the Cisco IOS software configuration
documentation. You can access these documents on Cisco.com and on the Documentation CD-ROM.
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Installing the Router
Configuring the Router
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A P P E N D I X
A
Troubleshooting
Your Cisco 2600 series router goes through extensive testing and burn-in before leaving the factory. If
you encounter problems, use the information in this appendix to help isolate problems or to eliminate
the router as the source of the problem.
Note
•
Isolating Problems, page A-1
•
System Messages, page A-4
•
Recovering a Lost Password, page A-4
•
Cisco Technical Assistance Center, page A-4
To troubleshoot a network module, refer to the Cisco Network Modules Installation Guide; to
troubleshoot a WAN interface card, refer to the Cisco Interface Cards Installation Guide.
If you cannot locate the source of the problem, contact a customer service representative for information
on how to proceed. For information about obtaining technical support, see the “Obtaining Technical
Assistance” section on page xviii. Before you call, have the following information ready:
•
Chassis type and serial number
•
Maintenance agreement or warranty information
•
Type of software and version number
•
Date you received the new chassis
•
Brief description of the problem
•
Brief explanation of the steps you have taken to isolate the problem
Isolating Problems
The key to problem solving is to isolate the problem to a specific subsystem by comparing what the
router is doing to what it should be doing.
The LEDs on the front and rear panel of the router enable you to determine router performance and
operation. For a description of these LEDs, see the “Reading the Front-Panel LEDs” section on page 1-3
and the “Reading the Rear-Panel LEDs” section on page 1-5.
When problem solving, consider the following subsystems:
•
Power and cooling systems—External power source, power cable, router power supply and circuit
breaker, and router blower and fan. Also consider inadequate ventilation or air circulation.
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Appendix A
Troubleshooting
Isolating Problems
•
Modules—LEDs on the modules can help identify a failure.
•
Cables—External cables that connect the router to the network.
Troubleshooting the Power and Cooling Systems
Both the system LED and the fans can help you troubleshoot a power problem. Check the following
items to help isolate the problem:
•
With the power switch on, does the system LED stay on or blink?
– If the LED is green, the router is receiving power and is functional.
– If the LED is off, check the power source and power cable.
•
With the power switch on and the system LED on, do the fans operate?
– If no, check the fans.
•
With the power switch on and the system LED off, do the fans operate?
– If yes, the router is receiving power. The fans are connected directly to the DC outputs of the
power supply.
– If no, check the power source and power cable.
•
Does the router shut down after being on a short time?
– Check for an environmentally induced shutdown. See the “Environmental Reporting Features”
section on page A-2.
– Check the environmental site requirements in the “General Site Requirements” section on
page 2-3.
– Check for a power supply failure by inspecting the system LED on the front panel. If the system
LED is on or blinking, the power supply should be functional.
•
Router partially boots, but LEDs do not come on.
– Check for a power supply failure by inspecting the system LED on the front panel of the router.
If the system LED is on, the power supply is functional.
– If the system LED is not on, refer to the warranty information in the quick start guide that
shipped with your router, or contact customer service. The quick start guide is also available on
the Cisco Documentation CD-ROM and online.
Environmental Reporting Features
If the router is operating at an abnormally high temperature, you see the following message on the
console screen:
%SYS-1-OVERTEMP: System detected OVERTEMPERATURE condition. Please resolve cooling
problem immediately!
Some causes of abnormally high router temperature are:
•
Fan failure
•
Air conditioner failure in the room
•
Air blockage to cooling vents
Take steps to correct the problem. See also the “Site Environment” section on page 2-3, and the
“Equipment Racks” section on page 2-4.
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Appendix A
Troubleshooting
Isolating Problems
Troubleshooting Modules, Cables, and Connections
Network problems can be caused by a module; cables or cable connections; or external devices such as
a modem, transceiver, hub, wall jack, WAN interface, or terminal. Check for the following symptoms to
help isolate the problem:
Tip
All the documents mentioned in this section are available both on the Documentation CD-ROM and
online.
•
Module is not recognized by the router.
– Make sure that the module is firmly seated in its slot.
– Check the LEDs on the module. Each module has its own set of LEDs. For information on these
LEDs, refer to the online publication Cisco Network Modules Installation Guide.
– Make sure that you have a version of Cisco IOS software that supports the network module.
Check the Cisco Network Modules Installation Guide or accompanying configuration note for
the affected module’s software requirements.
•
Module is recognized, but interface ports do not initialize.
– Make sure that the module and interface card are firmly seated in their slots.
– Check external cable connections.
– Make sure that you have a version of Cisco IOS software that supports the network module and
interface card. Check the Cisco Network Modules Installation Guide and the Cisco Interface
Cards Installation Guide or accompanying configuration notes for the affected network
module’s and interface card’s software requirements.
•
Router does not boot properly, or constantly or intermittently reboots.
– Make sure that all modules are firmly seated in their slots.
– Check the router chassis or software. Refer to the warranty information in the quick start guide
that shipped with your router, or contact customer service.
•
Router boots, but the console screen is frozen.
– Check the external console connection.
– Verify that the parameters for your terminal are set as follows:
(a) The same data rate as configured for the router (9600 bps is the default)
(b) 8 data bits
(c) No parity generated or checked
(d) 1 stop bit
•
Router powers on and boots only when a particular module is removed.
– Check the module. Refer to the warranty information in the quick start guide that shipped with
your router, or contact customer service.
•
Router powers on and boots only when a particular cable is disconnected.
– There may be a problem with the module or cable. Refer to the warranty information in the
quick start guide that shipped with your router, or contact customer service.
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Appendix A
Troubleshooting
System Messages
System Messages
This section describes system error and recovery messages that may appear when operating a Cisco 2600
series router. Error messages for Cisco 2600 series routers powered by the Cisco redundant power
system are described in the publication Cisco RPS Installation Guide.
The Cisco IOS software displays system error and recovery messages on an external device console
terminal screen. (For more information, see the “Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem” section
on page 3-20.)
The terminal should display one of the following prompts:
Router>
(indicates user EXEC mode)
or
Router#
(indicates privileged EXEC mode)
The Cisco IOS software checks the system condition once every 30 seconds. If the condition still exists,
the system error message reappears; if the system error condition has cleared, a recovery message
appears.
To see descriptions of the system error and recovery messages and LED conditions that might
accompany them, refer to the Cisco IOS System Error Messages online document at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/software/ios122/122sup/122sems/semsvol1/emfbgp.
htm#xtocid10
Recovering a Lost Password
You can recover a lost enable password, but an enable secret password is encrypted and is not
recoverable. If you lose an enable secret password that is configured on your router, you can replace it
with a new enable secret password.
For password recovery and replacement procedures for the Cisco 2600 series routers, refer to the
Password Recovery Procedure for the Cisco 2600 Series Routers document at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/474/pswdrec_2600.shtml
Cisco Technical Assistance Center
The following link connects you to release notes, field notices, security advisories, and troubleshooting
information maintained by the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC):
http://www.cisco.com/pcgi-bin/Support/browse/psp_view.pl?p=Hardware:2600&s=Troubleshooting
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A P P E N D I X
B
Using the ROM Monitor
This appendix describes the use of the ROM monitor (also called the bootstrap program), which is the
firmware that runs when you power up or restart a Cisco router. During normal operation, the ROM
monitor helps to initialize the processor hardware and boot the operating system software. You can also
use the ROM monitor to:
•
Help isolate hardware problems encountered when installing your router.
•
Download a new Cisco IOS image if the operating image is corrupted.
This appendix contains the following sections:
•
Entering ROM Monitor Mode, page B-1
•
ROM Monitor Commands, page B-2
•
ROM Monitor Command Syntax Conventions, page B-3
•
ROM Monitor Command Descriptions, page B-4
•
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images, page B-8
Entering ROM Monitor Mode
To use the ROM monitor, you must have access to the console port. Refer to the “Connecting to a
Console Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-20 for information on connecting the console cable.
There are two ways of entering the ROM monitor mode:
•
Use the reload command and the Break key to enter the ROM monitor mode for one-time use.
Break (system interrupt) is always enabled for 60 seconds after the router reboots, regardless of
whether Break is configured on or off in the configuration register (see Appendix C, “Configuration
Register.”). During this 60-second period, you can break to the ROM monitor prompt by pressing
the Break key.
Note
•
If your console terminal does not have a Break key, refer to the terminal emulator documentation
for instructions on generating a break (system interrupt).
Set the configuration register so that the router enters the ROM monitor mode whenever it boots.
The new configuration register value, 0x0, is effective after the router is rebooted with the reload
command. The router remains in the ROM monitor and does not boot the operating system.
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
ROM Monitor Commands
As long as the configuration register value remains 0x0, you must manually boot the operating
system from the console. Refer to the boot command in the “ROM Monitor Command Descriptions”
section on page B-4.
The two methods of entering the ROM monitor mode are as follows:
Enter ROM Monitor Mode by Using the reload Command
Connect to the router from a console, and follow these steps:
Step 1
Restart the router with the reload command.
Router# reload
Step 2
Press the Break key during the first 60 seconds of the system booting.
This forces the router into ROM monitor mode, and the ROM monitor prompt is displayed:
rommon 1>
Enter ROM Monitor Mode by Resetting the Configuration Register
Connect to the router from a console, and follow these steps:
Step 1
Set the bits 3, 2, 1, and 0 of the configuration register to zero:
Router# configuration-register 0x0
Step 2
Restart the router with the reload command:
The router boots into the ROM monitor mode, and the ROM monitor prompt is displayed:
rommon 1>
Note
The number that appears in the ROM monitor prompt (1>, 2>, and so forth) is the line number. It
increments each time you enter a ROM monitor command.
ROM Monitor Commands
Showing ROM Monitor Commands
Enter ? or help at the ROM monitor prompt to see a list of available commands. For example:
rommon 1>
alias
boot
break
confreg
cont
context
cookie
dev
?
set and display aliases command
boot up an external process
set/show/clear the breakpoint
configuration register utility
continue executing a downloaded image
display the context of a loaded image
display contents of cookie PROM in hex
list the device table
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
ROM Monitor Command Syntax Conventions
dir
dis
dnld
frame
help
history
iomemdef
meminfo
repeat
reset
rommon-pref
set
stack
sync
sysret
tftpdnld
unalias
unset
xmodem
rommon 2>
Note
list files in the file system
display instruction stream
serial download a program module
print out a selected stack frame
monitor builtin command help
monitor command history
set IO mem to a default 25%
main memory information
repeat a monitor command
system reset
select ROMMON
display the monitor variables
produce a stack trace
write monitor environment to NVRAM
print out info from last system return
tftp image download
unset an alias
unset a monitor variable
x/ymodem image download
Not all ROM monitor commands are available on all platforms.
Displaying Information About ROM Monitor Command Syntax
To display information about command syntax, enter the command name followed by -?.
Entering ROM Monitor Commands
ROM monitor commands are case-sensitive. Enter commands exactly as shown.
Interrupting ROM Monitor Commands
You can end any command by generating a Break (system interrupt) at the console.
ROM Monitor Command Syntax Conventions
The ROM monitor syntax in this appendix uses the following conventions:
•
Square brackets [ ] denote an optional element. In the following example, the element abc is not
required, but you can specify it if you choose:
command [abc]
•
If a minus option is followed by a colon (for example, [-s:]) you must provide an argument for the
option.
•
A term in italics means that you must fill in the appropriate information. In the following example,
you replace the term in italics with the interface type you are using:
command interface-type
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
ROM Monitor Command Descriptions
ROM Monitor Command Descriptions
Router Management Commands
This section lists some useful ROM monitor commands. Refer to the Cisco IOS configuration guides and
command references for more information on ROM monitor commands.
Boot Commands in the ROM Monitor
Functions of Boot Commands
The router always boots first from a Cisco IOS image in flash memory, because there is no separate,
dedicated boothelper image ([rx]boot). The first image in flash memory functions as the boothelper
image, but you can override this by setting the BOOTLDR Monitor environment variable to point to
another image. If the ROM monitor does not recognize a device ID specified in the boot command
(device does not exist, or command entered incorrectly), the router boots from the first image in flash
memory.
To boot a router from a Cisco IOS image on a TFTP server (netboot), the installed DRAM must be
adequate to hold two uncompressed Cisco IOS images: the image from flash memory and the image
downloaded from the TFTP server.
If the router is configured to boot from a TFTP server (boot bits in the configuration register are set from
2 to 15), the router first boots from the image in flash memory. It decompresses that image in DRAM,
parses the boot system commands, downloads the Cisco IOS image from the TFTP server, and
decompresses it in DRAM. After the Cisco IOS image from the TFTP server is in DRAM, the DRAM
memory occupied by the boothelper image is released.
Note
Booting from a TFTP server is useful if the router does not have enough flash memory to hold large
images. With a small image in flash memory (just large enough to support the necessary interfaces), the
router boots from flash memory, and then the larger image is downloaded from the TFTP server.
Entering Boot Commands
The boot command syntax is as follows, where:
•
partition is a partition number in the flash memory.
•
filename is the Cisco IOS image filename.
•
tftpserver is the IP address of the TFTP server.
•
-x directs the router to load the image but not execute the boot process.
•
-v (verbose) specifies that progress print setting messages and error information be displayed.
boot [flash: [partition: [filename]] | slot0: [partition: [filename]] | slot1: [partition: [filename]] |
filename tftpserver] [-x] [-v]
Some examples of boot commands are as follows:
Note
In all boot commands, boot can be entered as b.
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
ROM Monitor Command Descriptions
•
boot—Boots from the first Cisco IOS image in internal flash memory.
•
boot flash:—Boots from the first Cisco IOS image in the internal Flash memory.
•
boot flash: partition:—Boots from the first Cisco IOS image in the specified partition in internal
flash memory.
•
boot flash: filename—Boots from the Cisco specified IOS image in internal flash memory.
•
boot flash: partition: filename—Boots from the specified Cisco IOS image in the specified partition
in internal flash memory.
•
boot slot0:—(Cisco 2691 only) Boots from the first Cisco IOS image in the first partition in flash
memory in slot 0.
•
boot slot0:2:—(Cisco 2691 only) Boots from the first Cisco IOS image in the second partition in
compact flash memory in slot 0.
•
boot slot0: filename—(Cisco 2691 only) Boots from the specified Cisco IOS image in compact flash
memory in slot 0.
•
boot slot1:3: filename—(Cisco 2691 only) Boots from the specified Cisco IOS image in the third
partition in compact flash memory in slot 1.
•
boot filename tftpserver— Boots from the specified Cisco IOS image on the specified TFTP server
(after first booting from flash). For example:
boot c2600-i-mz 172.15.19.11
Note
Use the CLI commands show version and show hardware to see the source of the currently running
Cisco IOS image.
Informational Commands in the ROM Monitor
dev—(Cisco 2691 only) Lists boot device identifications on the router, for example:
rommon 2 > dev
Devices in device table:
id name
flash: internal compact flash
slot0: external compact flash
eprom: eprom
rommon 3 >
dir device:[partition:]—Lists the files on the named device. For example:
rommon 8> dir flash:
File size
2229799 bytes (0x220627)
Checksum
0x469e
File name
C2600-j-m2.113-4T
help—Shows a summary of ROM monitor commands (equivalent to ?).
meminfo—Displays main memory size, starting address, and available range; size of packet memory;
and size of NVRAM. The following example shows the meminfo command:
rommon 9> meminfo
Main memory size: 32 MB.
Available main memory starts at 0xa000e000, size 32704KB
IO (packet) memory size: 25 percent of main memory.
NVRAM size: 32KB
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
ROM Monitor Command Descriptions
meminfo [-l]—The meminfo command with the -l option shows supported DRAM configurations. The
following example shows an example of the meminfo -l command:
rommon 10> meminfo -l
Supported memory configurations:
DIMM 0
DIMM 1
------------------4M
8M-DUAL
16M
32M-DUAL
4M
4M
4M
4M
8M-DUAL
4M
16M
4M
32M-DUAL
8M-DUAL
8M-DUAL
4M
8M-DUAL
8M-DUAL
8M-DUAL
16M
8M-DUAL
32M-DUAL
16M
16M
4M
16M
8M-DUAL
16M
16M
16M
32M-DUAL
32M-DUAL
32M-DUAL
4M
32M-DUAL
8M-DUAL
32M-DUAL
16M
32M-DUAL
32M-DUAL
Other Useful ROM Monitor Commands
reset or i—Resets and initializes the router, similar to power on.
tftpdnld—(Except Cisco 2691) Downloads an image using TFTP from a remote server. See the
“Copying an Image from a TFTP Server Using the tftpdnld Command” procedure on page B-10.
Debugging Commands
Most debugging commands are functional only when Cisco IOS software has crashed or failed to
initialize (boot). Debugging commands should normally be entered only under the direction of a Cisco
engineer. If you enter a debugging command and Cisco IOS crash information is not available, the
following error message appears:
“xxx: kernel context state is invalid, cannot proceed.”
The following ROM monitor debugging commands provide information about software failures:
•
stack or k—Produces a stack trace.
•
context—Views processor context.
•
frame—Views an individual stack frame.
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
ROM Monitor Command Descriptions
•
sysret—Views return information from the last booted system image. This information includes the
reason for terminating the image, a stack dump of up to eight frames, and, if an exception is
involved, the address where the exception occurred. For example:
rommon 8> sysret
System Return Info:
count: 19, reason: a SegV exception
pc:0x802b1040, error address: 0x802b1040
Stack Trace:
FP: 0x80908398, PC: 0x802b102c
FP: 0x809083b0, PC: 0x802b0b88
FP: 0x809083d8, PC: 0x8017039c
FP: 0x809083e8, PC: 0x8016f764
Configuration Register Commands
The configuration register resides in NVRAM. You can view or modify the configuration register from
either the ROM monitor or the operating system software.
For procedures used to change the configuration register from the operating system, and for information
about configuration register settings, see Appendix C, “Configuration Register.”
To modify the configuration register from the ROM monitor, you can:
•
Enter the confreg command by itself for menu mode. See the “Modifying the Configuration
Register in Menu Mode” section below.
•
Enter the confreg command plus the new hexidecimal value of the configuration register. See the
“Modifying the Configuration Register by Hexidecimal Entry” section on page B-8.
In either case, the new configuration register value is written into NVRAM, but is not effective until you
reboot (using the ROM monitor reset command) or power cycle the router.
Modifying the Configuration Register in Menu Mode
Entering the confreg command without an argument displays the contents of the configuration register,
and prompts you to alter the contents by describing the meaning of each bit.
The following display shows an example of the confreg command:
rommon 7> confreg
Configuration Summary
enabled are:
break/abort has effect
console baud: 9600
boot: the ROM Monitor
do you wish to change the configuration? y/n [n]: y
enable “diagnostic mode”? y/n [n]: y
enable “use net in IP bcast address”? y/n [n]:
enable “load rom after netboot fails”? y/n [n]:
enable “use all zero broadcast”? y/n [n]:
disable “break/abort has effect”? y/n [n]:
enable “ignore system config info”? y/n [n]:
change console baud rate? y/n [n]: y
enter rate: 0 = 9600, 1 = 4800, 2 = 1200, 3 = 2400
4 = 19200, 5 = 38400, 6 = 57600, 7 = 115200
change the boot characteristics? y/n [n]: y
[0]:
0
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images
enter to boot:
0 = ROM Monitor
1 = the boot helper image
2-15 = boot system
[0]: 0
Configuration Summary
enabled are:
diagnostic mode
break/abort has effect
console baud: 9600
boot: the ROM Monitor
do you wish to change the configuration? y/n
[n]:
You must reset or power cycle for new config to take effect
Modifying the Configuration Register by Hexidecimal Entry
Entering the confreg command plus a hexidecimal value changes the contents of the configuration
register. The syntax is confreg [hexnum]; values entered are always interpreted as hexadecimal. The
following example changes the value of the configuration register to the factory default:
rommon 7> confreg 0x2102
You must reset or power cycle the router for new configuration to take effect.
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images
If your Cisco router experiences difficulties and no longer contains a valid Cisco IOS software image in
flash memory, you can download a new Cisco IOS image using one of the following ROM monitor
commands:
•
xmodem—(All Cisco 2600 series routers) Use this command to copy a Cisco IOS image from the
console, if the computer attached to your console has a terminal emulator with Xmodem capability.
See the “Copying an Image from the Console Using the xmodem Command” procedure on
page B-9.
Note
Downloading a Cisco IOS image from a console is very slow. This procedure should be used
only in an emergency and is not recommended for normal Cisco IOS image upgrades.
For the fastest possible download from a console, set the console speed to 115200 bps by
using the confreg ROM monitor command. See the “Configuration Register Commands”
procedure on page B-7.
•
tftpdnld—(Except Cisco 2691) Use this command to copy a Cisco IOS image from a TFTP server
that is accessible through the FastEthernet 0/0, Ethernet 0/0, or Token Ring 0/0 port. See the
“Copying an Image from a TFTP Server Using the tftpdnld Command” procedure on page B-10.
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Using the ROM Monitor
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images
Note
The tftpdnld command is not available on the Cisco 2691 router. The recommended method
for installing a Cisco IOS image on a Cisco 2691 router is from a CompactFlash memory
card loaded in the external CompactFlash memory card slot. See the “Entering Boot
Commands” procedure on page B-4.
Copying an Image from the Console Using the xmodem Command
Description and Options of the xmodem Command
The xmodem command establishes a connection between a console and the router console port for
disaster recovery, if both the boot and system images are erased from flash memory.
xmodem [filename]—Establishes an Xmodem connection between the console and the router. The
optional argument filename specifies the source file containing the Cisco IOS image.
Other options include the following:
•
c—Use cyclic redundancy check (CRC-16).
•
y—Use Ymodem transfer protocol.
•
r—Copy the image to dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) for launch.
•
x—Do not launch image on completion of download.
Console Requirements
The console computer (PC) must have the following files to use this procedure:
•
Terminal emulation application program supporting one of the following file transfer protocols:
– Xmodem
– Xmodem–CRC
– Xmodem–1K
– Ymodem
•
Cisco IOS image file
Procedure for the xmodem Command
To copy a Cisco IOS image from a console to flash memory, perform the following procedure.
Note
File transfer from a console is slow and will take many minutes.
Step 1
Connect a console to the router’s console port using the instructions in the “Connecting to a Console
Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-20.
Step 2
Power up the router. The power-on self-test diagnostics run and the boot ROM searches for a valid boot
image and Cisco IOS image in flash memory. If the boot image and Cisco IOS image are not found, the
ROM monitor prompt is displayed:
rommon 1>
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images
Step 3
Enter the xmodem command and the name of the source file containing the Cisco IOS image:
rommon 1> xmodem filename
When the source file is found, messages similar to the following appear:
Do not start upload program yet...
File size
Checksum
File name
2537948 bytes
(0x26b9dc) c2600-i-mz.122-10.bin
WARN: This operation will ERASE bootflash. If the xmodem
download to bootflash fails, you will lose any good image
you may already have in bootflash.
Invoke this application only for disaster recovery.
Do you wish to continue? [yes/no]:
Step 4
Enter yes to copy the Cisco IOS image into flash memory. Messages similar to the following appear:
Ready to receive file prog ...
Erasing flash at 0x3000000
program flash location 0x3000000
Transfer complete!
The router is now ready to boot from the Cisco IOS image. Enter the reset ROM monitor command to
reboot the router.
Note
If you have set the console speed to 115200, you may want to reset it to the previous speed or to the
factory default speed (typically 9600 bps). See the “Configuration Register Commands” procedure on
page B-7.
Copying an Image from a TFTP Server Using the tftpdnld Command
The tftpdnld command downloads a Cisco IOS software image from a remote server accessible from a
FastEthernet, Ethernet, or Token Ring network interface on a Cisco 2600 series router (except Cisco
2691). The tftpdnld command downloads the Cisco IOS software image into flash memory using TFTP.
Restrictions on the tftpdnld Command
The following software restrictions apply when using the tftpdnld command:
•
Ethernet and FastEthernet—Accepts and sends only Ethernet V2.0 data packets.
•
Token Ring—Accepts and sends only Token Ring frames with IEEE802.3 SNAP frames. Does not
support any frames with routing information fields (RIFs), limiting all use of the tftpdnld command
to a TFTP server on the local ring. If the TFTP server resides off the local ring, you must establish
a path to the server through a router or transparent bridge from the local ring.
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images
Procedure for the tftpdnld Command
Step 1
Specify the required variables, for example:
rommon
rommon
rommon
rommon
rommon
1>
2>
3>
4>
5>
IP_ADDRESS=172.15.19.11
IP_SUBNET_MASK=255.255.255.0
DEFAULT_GATEWAY=172.16.19.1
TFTP_SERVER=172.15.20.10
TFTP_FILE=/tftpboot/c2600-i-mz
The syntax for specifying the variables is:
VARIABLE_NAME=value
The variables that you must specify include the following:
•
IP_ADDRESS—IP address for the router you are using.
•
IP_SUBNET_MASK—Subnet mask for the router you are using.
•
DEFAULT_GATEWAY—Default gateway for the router you are using (not required if the TFTP
server is in the same subnet as the router).
•
TFTP_SERVER—IP address of the server from which you want to download the image file.
•
TFTP_FILE—Name of the file that you want to download.
The following tftpdnld command variables are optional:
•
TFTP_VERBOSE—Print setting. The default is 1.
– 0=quiet—After you enter the tftpdnld command, the prompt
Do you wish to continue? y/n:
is the only information that appears until the command completes successfully or fails.
– 1=progress—Displays the state of the required tftpdnld command variables. Also displays
progress characters to indicate successful and lost packet transmissions.
– 2=verbose—Displays all progress print setting messages, along with error information. The
information provided by this print setting may be useful when debugging interface link and
configuration problems that may prevent connecting to the TFTP server.
•
TFTP_RETRY_COUNT—Number of times from 1 to 65535 that the ROM monitor will retry
address resolution protocol (ARP) and acknowledge (ACK). The default is 7 retries.
•
TFTP_TIMEOUT—Overall timeout of the download operation in seconds. The range is from
1 to 65535 seconds. The default is 7200 seconds.
•
TFTP_CHECKSUM—Performs a checksum test on the image. 0=checksum off, 1=checksum on.
The default is 1.
•
FE_SPEED_MODE—Sets the Fast Ethernet speed and duplex mode. 0=10 Mbps half-duplex mode,
1=10 Mbps full-duplex mode, 2=100 Mbps half-duplex mode, 3=100 Mbps full-duplex mode, and
4=auto-negotiation. The default is 4.
Note
•
Specify the FE_SPEED_MODE variable only for routers with a Fast Ethernet network
interface.
TR_SPEED_MODE—Sets the Token Ring speed and duplex mode. 0=4 Mbps half-duplex mode,
1=4 Mbps full-duplex mode, 2=16 Mbps half-duplex mode, and 3=16 Mbps full-duplex mode. The
default is 2.
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Appendix B
Using the ROM Monitor
Recovering Cisco IOS Software Images
Specify the TR_SPEED_MODE variable only for routers with a Token Ring network
interface; or for routers with both an Ethernet and a Token Ring port, those routers that are
set to use the Token Ring port with the tftpdnld command.
Note
•
TR_1E1R_PORT—Sets the port to be used with the tftpdnld command. 0=Use Ethernet port;
1=Use Token Ring port. The default is 0.
Specify the TR_1E1R_PORT variable only for those routers with both an Ethernet and a
Token Ring port.
Note
Step 2
Enter the tftpdnld [-h] [-r] command:
Options include the following:
•
h—Displays the tftpdnld command help screen.
•
r—Loads the Cisco IOS software image only to DRAM and launches the image without writing the
image into flash memory.
rommon 6> tftpdnld
IP_ADDRESS=172.15.19.11
IP_SUBNET_MASK=255.255.255.0
DEFAULT_GATEWAY=172.16.19.1
TFTP_SERVER=172.15.20.10
TFTP_FILE=/tftpboot/2600-i-mz
Invoke this command for disaster recovery only.
WARNING: all existing data in all partitions on flash will be lost!
Do you wish to continue? y/n: [n]:
Step 3
Enter y to download the Cisco IOS software image. When the process is complete, the ROM monitor
mode prompt appears on your screen.
rommon 7>
The router is now ready to boot from the Cisco IOS image. Enter the boot ROM monitor command to
reboot the router.
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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A P P E N D I X
C
Configuration Register
This appendix describes the factory default settings of the configuration register, and procedures for
changing those settings.
This appendix has the following sections:
•
Configuration Register Settings, page C-1
•
Changing Configuration Register Settings, page C-2
•
Configuring the Boot Field, page C-3
•
Enabling Booting from Flash Memory, page C-5
Configuration Register Settings
The router has a 16-bit configuration register in NVRAM. You can use the configuration register to
perform the following tasks:
•
Set and display the configuration register value
•
Force the router into the ROM monitor (bootstrap program)
•
Select a boot source and default boot filename
•
Enable or disable the Break function
•
Control broadcast addresses
•
Load operating software from ROM
Table C-1 describes each configuration register bit.
Table C-1
Configuration Bit Meanings
Bit
Number
Hexadecimal
Meaning
00–03
0x0000-0x000F
Boot field. (See Table C-2.)
06
0x0040
Causes the system software to ignore the contents of
NVRAM.
07
0x0080
OEM bit enabled.
08
0x0100
Break disabled.
09
0x0200
Causes the system to use the secondary bootstrap.
This is typically not used (set to 0).
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Appendix C
Configuration Register
Changing Configuration Register Settings
Table C-1
Configuration Bit Meanings (continued)
Bit
Number
Hexadecimal
Meaning
10
0x0400
IP broadcast with all zeros.
5, 11, 12 0x0020,
Console line speed.
0x0800, 0x1000
13
0x2000
Boots default ROM software if the network boot fails.
14
0x4000
IP broadcasts do not have net numbers.
15
0x8000
Enables diagnostic messages and ignores the contents
of NVRAM.
Changing Configuration Register Settings
You might want to modify the value in the configuration register to perform the following tasks:
•
Recover a lost password
•
Change the console data rate
•
Enable or disable the Break function
•
Manually boot the operating system using the b command at the ROM monitor prompt
•
Force the router to automatically boot its system image in flash memory, or boot in accordance with
any boot system commands stored in the router’s configuration file in NVRAM
You can change the configuration register from either the ROM monitor or the operating system
software. To change the configuration register from the ROM monitor, see the “Configuration Register
Commands” section on page B-7. To change the configuration register from the system software, do the
following:
Step 1
Note
Connect a console terminal to the console port of the router as described in the “Connecting to the
Console Port” section on page 3-20, using the blue RJ-45 to DB-9 console adapter cable.
If you have a terminal with a DB-25 port, use an RJ-45 rollover cable and DB-25 adapter. The
RJ-45-to-DB-25 adapter (Cisco part number 29-0810-01) can be purchased from Cisco.
For information about cable pinouts, refer to the online document Cisco Modular Access Router Cable
Specifications. This document is available online and on the Cisco Documentation CD-ROM.
Step 2
Configure your terminal or terminal emulation software for 9600 baud (default), 8 data bits, no parity,
and 1 stop bit.
Step 3
Power on the router.
Step 4
When asked if you would like to enter the initial dialog, answer no:
Would you like to enter the initial dialog? [yes]: no
Your router is now in the normal operating mode.
Step 5
After a few seconds, you see the user EXEC prompt (Router>). Enter the enable command and your
password to enter privileged EXEC mode:
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Appendix C
Configuration Register
Configuring the Boot Field
Router> enable
Password: password
Step 6
At the privileged EXEC prompt (Router#), enter the configure terminal command:
Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
Edit with DELETE, CTRL/W, and CTRL/U; end with CTRL/Z
Step 7
Enter the config-register value command, where value is a hexadecimal number preceded by 0x (see
Table C-2), to set the contents of the configuration register:
Router# config-register 0x value
Note
Cisco IOS software does not allow you to change the console speed bits directly with the
config-register command. To change the console speed, complete this sequence:
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# line console 0
Router(config-line)# speed 9600
Step 8
Press Ctrl-z to exit configuration mode.
Step 9
Copy the new console speed to NVRAM:
Router> copy run start
The new settings are saved to NVRAM, but they are not effective until the router restarts; for example,
when you switch the power off and on or when you enter a reload command from the console.
Step 10
Enter the show version command to display the configuration register value currently in effect and the
value that will be used at the next reload. The value is shown on the last line of the display:
Configuration register is 0x142 (will be 0x142 at next reload)
Step 11
Reboot the router. The new value is effective after the router reboots.
Configuring the Boot Field
The lowest four bits of the configuration register (bits 3, 2, 1, and 0) form the boot field. (See Table C-2.)
Table C-2
Explanation of Boot Field Configuration Register Bits (00-03)
Boot Field
Meaning
00
Stays at the ROM monitor on a reload or power cycle
01
Boots the first image in flash memory as a system image
02-F
Enables default booting from flash memory
Enables boot system commands that override default booting from flash memory
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C-3
Appendix C
Configuration Register
Configuring the Boot Field
The boot field specifies a number in binary form. If you set the boot field value to 0, you must have
console port access to boot the operating system manually. Refer to the boot command in the “ROM
Monitor Command Descriptions” section on page B-4.
If you set the boot field to a value of 2 to F, and there is a valid boot system command stored in the
configuration file, the router software processes each boot command in sequence until the process is
successful or the end of the list is reached. If there are no boot commands in the configuration file, the
router attempts to boot the first file in flash memory.
In the following example, the configuration register is set to boot the router automatically from flash
memory and to ignore Break at the next reboot of the router:
Router# configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
Edit with DELETE, CTRL/W, and CTRL/U; end with CTRL/Z
config-register 0x102
Ctrl-z
Note
A boot system command in the router configuration in NVRAM overrides booting from flash memory.
Bit 8 controls the console Break key. Setting bit 8 (the factory default) causes the processor to ignore
the console Break key. Clearing bit 8 causes the processor to interpret Break as a command to force the
router into the bootstrap monitor, halting normal operation. Break can always be sent in the first
60 seconds while the router is rebooting, regardless of the configuration settings.
Bit 9 controls the system boot. Clearing bit 9 (the factory default) causes the system to boot from flash
memory. Clearing bit 9 causes the system to use the secondary bootstrap (netbooting). This is typically
not used.
Bit 10 controls the host portion of the IP broadcast address. Setting bit 10 causes the processor to use all
zeros; clearing bit 10 (the factory default) causes the processor to use all ones. Bit 10 interacts with bit
14, which controls the network and subnet portions of the broadcast address. Table C-3 shows the
combined effect of bit 10 and bit 14.
Table C-3
Configuration Register Settings for Broadcast Address Destination
Bit 10
Bit 14
Address (<net> <host>)
Off
Off
<ones> <ones>
On
Off
<zeros> <zeros>
On
On
<net> <zeros>
Off
On
<net> <ones>
Bit 13 determines the router’s response to a bootload failure. Setting bit 13 causes the router to load
operating software from ROM after six unsuccessful attempts to load a boot file. Clearing bit 13 causes
the router to continue indefinitely to attempt loading a boot file. By factory default, bit 13 is set to 0.
Bit 5, bit 11, and bit 12 of the configuration register determine the baud rate of the console terminal.
Table C-4 shows the bit settings for the eight available rates. (The default baud rate is 9600 bps.)
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Appendix C
Configuration Register
Enabling Booting from Flash Memory
Table C-4
Console Terminal Baud Rate Settings
Baud
Bit 5
Bit 12
Bit 11
115200
1
1
1
57600
1
1
0
38400
1
0
1
19200
1
0
0
9600
0
0
0
4800
0
0
1
2400
0
1
1
1200
0
1
0
Enabling Booting from Flash Memory
To enable booting from flash memory, set bits 3, 2, 1, and 0 to a value between 2 to 15. To specify a
filename to boot, enter the system software configuration command boot system flash [device:]
[partition:] [filename] in the configuration file.
By specifying the device and partition in the command, you can configure the router to boot from the
PCMCIA cards. If you specify only the filename, the router is configured to boot from flash memory.
To enter configuration mode while in the system software image, enter the configure command at the
enable prompt as in the following example:
Router# configure
Configuring from terminal, memory, or network [terminal]? terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.
Edit with DELETE, CTRL/W, and CTRL/U; end with CTRL/Z
boot system flash filename
To disable Break and enable the boot system flash command, enter the config-register command with
a value as follows:
config-reg 0x102
Ctrl-z
If you set the configuration register value to 0x102, as in this example, you do not need to enter the boot
system flash command unless there is more than one image in flash memory.
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C-5
Appendix C
Configuration Register
Enabling Booting from Flash Memory
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
C-6
OL-2171-06
INDEX
Symbols
C
? (help) command
cables, provided
B-2
2-6
Caution symbol, meaning of
chassis
Numerics
desktop installation
100 Mbps LED
grounding
1-7
A
ACTIVITY LED
3-13
rack-mounting
3-4
wall-mounting
3-11
locating documentation
3-15
recovering images
1-4
? (help)
1-8
asynchronous serial baud rates
2-12
B-8
boot
B-2
B-4
configuration register
auxiliary port
connecting to
3-21 to 3-22
confreg
B-7, B-8
description of
2-7 to 2-8
context
B-6
debugging
dev
dir
baud rate
frame
setting for console terminal
boot command
1-4
B-2, B-5
i (Initialize)
reload
B-4
bracket attachment
B-6
meminfo
B-4
booting from Flash memory
B-6
B-5
help
3-21
1-5
B-7
B-5
B
of modem
xv
commands
1-7
AIMs, installing
boothelper
3-3
Cisco IOS software
AC power connection
ACT LED
ix
reset
B-5, B-6
B-1, B-2
B-6, B-10
ROM monitor
rack-mount
3-5 to 3-10
stack
wall-mount
3-11
sysret
B-6
B-1 to B-12
B-6
B-7
tftpdnld
xmodem
B-6, B-8, B-10
B-8, B-9
compact Flash memory card
1-2
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
OL-2171-06
IN-1
Index
compliance
documentation
1-12
configuration, site
Cisco IOS software
2-4
configuration register
boot field
on CD-ROM
changing settings
related
B-7, 1-2
enabling booting from Flash memory
confreg command
1-5
1-2
auxiliary port
console port
2-10
See DRAM.
2-12
2-8
2-7
console terminal
E
3-20
2-10
electrical safety guidelines
DC power
3-16 to 3-17
DSU/CSU
2-13
See ESD
error essages
2-9
ISDN BRI
ESD
2-12
modem
3-20
network
2-8
2-1
electrostatic discharge damage
2-10
Ethernet
2-13
dynamic random-access memory
3-15
asynchronous/synchronous serial
serial
xiv
DTE connections
AC power
DTE
DRAM
xiv
DSU/CSU connections
B-7, B-8
connections
DCE
xiv
on the WEB
1-4
xv
A-4
2-2
Ethernet cable types
2-9
F
2-10
Token Ring
2-9
FDX LED
console port
1-7
feet, installing
connecting to
3-20 to 3-21
description of
2-7
Figures
auxiliary port connection
console speed, setting
context command
3-3
B-10
B-6
3-22
bracket attachment for rack -mounting
bracket attachment for wall-mounting
cooling recommendations
2-4
brackets, rack mounting
chassis views
DCE connections
2-10
DC power connections
debugging commands
desktop installation
dev command
B-6
3-3
B-5
dimensions, chassis
dir command
3-16 to 3-17
1-11, 1-12
3-12
3-4, 3-5
1-2, 1-3
console terminal connection
D
3-6 to 3-10
3-21
DC power connections
3-17
ground lug attachment
3-14, 3-15
LEDs on front panel
1-3
LEDs on rear panel
1-5, 1-6, 1-7, 1-8
modem connection
3-22
mounting brackets
3-4, 3-5
rollover cable, identifying
3-22
B-5
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IN-2
OL-2171-06
Index
rubber feet, locations
interface types
3-4
wall-mounting the chassis
2-9
LEDs
3-13
100 Mbps, in 1-RU chassis
Flash memory
booting from
100 Mbps, in Cisco 2691
1-5
description of
1-2
ACT, in 1-RU chassis
frame command
B-6
ACT, in Cisco 2691
1-7
1-8
1-7
1-8
ACTIVITY, in 1-RU chassis
ACTIVITY, in Cisco 2691
G
CF1, in Cisco 2691
grounding the chassis
front panel
1-7
1-3 to 1-4
interpretation of
H
A-2
LINK, in 1-RU chassis
help command
LINK, in Cisco 2691
B-2, B-5
high temperature, troubleshooting
humidity, specifications
1-11, 1-12
A-2
1-7
1-8
Power, in 1-RU chassis
Power, in Cisco 2691
rear panel
1-3
1-4
1-5 to 1-8
RPS, in 1-RU chassis
I
1-4
SYS/RPS, in Cisco 2691
i (initialize) command
lightning safety
B-6
LINK LED
installation
checklist
desktop
1-4
1-8
FDX, in 1-RU chassis
3-13
1-4
1-4
2-2
1-7
2-4
3-3
M
rack-mounting
3-4
site requirements
tools required
meminfo command
2-3
memory
2-6
wall-mounting
interface numbering
1-2 to 1-9
modem connection
3-11, 3-13
B-5, B-6
3-21
1-9, 1-11
WAN interface cards
1-9
N
IOS software
locating documentation
recovering images
ISDN BRI
B-8
2-12 to 2-13
xv
netboot
B-4
network connections
2-8
network modules, installing
1-8
nonvolatile random-access memory
See NVRAM.
L
NVRAM
1-2
LAN
connections
3-18 to 3-19
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IN-3
Index
log, record keeping
P
requirements
packing list
2-6
port numbering
2-3
slot numbering
1-9
2-5
1-11
software image recovery procedure
power
B-8
specifications
requirements
2-3
specifications
Cisco 261x, Cisco 262x, Cisco 265x
1-11 to 1-12
power supply connections
power supply LED
3-15 to 3-17
1-3 to 1-4
Cisco 2691
1-12
serial ports
2-11
system
1-11
stack command
B-6
static electricity damage
R
1-11
2-2
synchronous dynamic random-access memory
rack-mounting the chassis
racks, equipment
sysret command
2-4
record keeping, site log
reset command
1-12
T
B-1, B-2
B-6, B-10
Tables
rollover cable, identifying
3-22
cable specifications
ROM monitor
using
3-18
configuration register bits
commands
syntax
B-7
2-5
regulatory compliance
reload command
See SDRAM.
3-4 to 3-11
B-2 to B-12
configuration register settings for boot field
B-3
3-3
documents
S
3-16
xv
DTE and DCE devices
2-11
ISDN-BRI cable specifications
safety
LAN connections
2-1 to 2-2
warnings, translations of
LEDs on front panel
serial connections, considerations
shared memory
2-10
2-11
show hardware command
show version command
B-5
B-5
site
configuration
environment
2-4
2-3
1-1
1-3, 1-4
LEDs on rear panel
1-7, 1-8
power requirements
2-3
related documents
1-2
2-13
2-9, 3-18
LAN interfaces, summary
ix
1-2
serial port specifications
1-4
configuration register settings for console terminal baud
rate 1-5
DC wiring requirements
guidelines
1-3
configuration register settings for broadcast address
B-1
rubber feet, installing
SDRAM
1-1
xv
serial signal transmission specifications
specifications, system
2-12
1-11, 1-12
voice connections
3-18
WAN connections
3-18
telephone jacks, safety during installation
2-2
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IN-4
OL-2171-06
Index
temperature, operating
tftpdnld command
wiring
1-11, 1-12
power supplies
B-6, B-8, B-10
Token Ring connections
telephone
2-9
tools required for installation
X
A-3
connections
A-3
xmodem command
cooling system
A-2
error messages
A-4
front panel LEDs
1-3
high temperature
A-2
modules
2-2
2-6
troubleshooting
cables
3-15 to 3-17
B-8, B-9
A-3
power system
A-2
rear panel LEDs
1-5
V
ventilation
2-4
VICs
See voice interface cards.
voice interface cards, installing
1-8
W
wall-mounting the chassis
wall-mounting the router
3-11
3-12
WAN interface cards, installing
1-8
Warnings
installation
2-1
lightning activity
3-15, 3-18
main disconnection
3-23
secure power cabling
SELV circuit
2-8
TN power systems
translations of
3-17
2-3
ix
WAN port voltages
2-12
WICs
See WAN interface cards
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
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IN-5
Index
Cisco 2600 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
IN-6
OL-2171-06