Cisco Systems 4840G Switch User Manual

C H A P T E R
3
Configuring the Catalyst 4840G Processor
This chapter describes how to configure the Catalyst 4840G processor so it can be accessed by other
devices. For further information about the commands used in this chapter, see Appendix A, “Command
Reference.”
This chapter includes the following sections:
Note
•
Before Starting Up the Catalyst 4840G, page 3-1
•
Configuring the Management Port, page 3-3
•
Displaying the Operating Configuration, page 3-4
•
Enabling Fast Ethernet Client, page 3-4
•
Configuring a Host Name, page 3-5
•
Using Flash PC Cards, page 3-5
You are at Step 2 in the suggested procedure for configuring your Catalyst 4840G switch.
See the “Switch Configuration Steps” section on page 2-1.
Before Starting Up the Catalyst 4840G
Before starting up the Catalyst 4840G switch, you should verify the following:
•
The cables are connected to the switch.
•
A console terminal is connected to the switch.
For instructions, refer to the Catalyst 4840G Chassis Installation Guide.
When you start up the switch, the CLI prompts you whether to enter the initial configuration dialog.
Answer no to this prompt:
Would you like to enter the initial dialog? [yes]: no
You see the following user EXEC prompt:
SLB-Switch>
You can now begin configuring the SLB switch.
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Configuring the Catalyst 4840G Processor
Before Starting Up the Catalyst 4840G
Using the Console Port or a Management Port
You can configure the Catalyst 4840G switch from a direct console connection to the console port or
remotely through its management port.
•
If you are using a direct console connection, configure your terminal emulation program for
9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit.
•
If you are using an Ethernet interface as a management port interface, you must assign an IP address
to the interface.
For interface configuration instructions, see the “Configuring the Management Port” section on
page 3-3.
For further details on configuring ports and lines for management access, refer to the Cisco IOS
Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide.
Connecting a Modem
You can connect a modem to the console port on the Catalyst 4840G SLB switch. The following settings
on the modem are required:
•
Enable auto answer mode
•
Suppress result codes
You can configure your modem by setting the DIP switches on the modem or by connecting the modem
to terminal equipment. Refer to the user manual provided with your modem for the correct
configuration information.
Note
Because there are no hardware flow control signals available on the console port, the
console port terminal characteristics should match the modem settings.
For further details on configuring ports and modems for management access, refer to the Cisco IOS
Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide and Dial Solutions Configuration Guide.
Using Passwords
You can configure both an enable password and an enable secret password. For maximum security, the
enable password should be different from the enable secret password.
•
The enable password
The enable password is a nonencrypted password. It can contain any number of uppercase and
lowercase alphanumeric characters. Give the enable password only to users permitted to make
configuration changes to the SLB switch.
•
The enable secret password
The enable secret password is a secure, encrypted password. On systems running Cisco IOS
software, you must type in the enable secret password before you can access global configuration
mode. You must type in the enable secret password to access boot ROM software.
An enable secret password can contain from 1 to 25 uppercase and lowercase alphanumeric
characters. The first character cannot be a number. Spaces are valid password characters. Leading
spaces are ignored; trailing spaces are recognized.
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Configuring the Catalyst 4840G Processor
Configuring the Management Port
Configuring the Management Port
The management port on the Catalyst 4840G SLB switch allows multiple simultaneous Telnet or SNMP
network management sessions. Because there is no separate management port on the switch, you can
configure any Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet port as a management port.
Note
Any Fast Ethernet interface (fastethernet 1 through 40), and any Gigabit Ethernet interface
(gigabitethernet 41 or 42) on the Catalyst 4840G SLB switch can be configured as a
management port. After you have configured an interface as a management port, you
cannot route or bridge traffic to the other Ethernet ports on the switch from this
management port.
You can remotely configure the Catalyst 4840G SLB switch through the management port, but first you
must configure an IP address so that the switch is reachable. You can configure the management port
interface two ways: manually from the command-line interface (CLI) or by copying the configuration
from the BOOTP server into NVRAM.
Before you begin to configure the management port interface manually, obtain the IP address and IP
subnet mask of the SLB switch. Also, make sure the console cable is connected to the console port.
You can configure the management port from an IP connected network. To obtain remote management
access using Telnet, perform this task:
Step 1
Command
Purpose
SLB-Switch> enable
SLB-Switch#
Enter privileged EXEC configuration mode. You can also
abbreviate the command to ena.
The SLB-Switch# prompt indicates that you are in privileged
EXEC configuration mode.
Step 2
SLB-Switch# configure terminal
SLB-Switch(config)#
Enter global configuration mode. You can also abbreviate the
command to config t.
The SLB-Switch(config)# prompt indicates that you are in
global configuration mode.
Step 3
SLB-Switch# enable
password password
Set the enable password.
Step 4
SLB-Switch(config)# enable
secret password
Enter an enable secret password. Once set, a user must enter
the enable secret password to gain access to global
configuration mode.
Step 5
SLB-Switch(config)# interface
[fastethernet 1-40 |
gigabitethernet 41-42]
SLB-Switch(config-if)#
Enter interface configuration mode on the interface.
Step 6
SLB-Switch(config-if)# ip address
ip-address subnetmask
Enter the IP address and IP subnet mask for the interface.
Step 7
SLB-Switch(config-if)# no shutdown
Enable the interface.
Step 8
SLB-Switch(config-if)# exit
SLB-Switch(config)#
Return to global configuration mode.
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Displaying the Operating Configuration
Command
Purpose
Step 9
SLB-Switch(config)# line vty
line-number
SLB-Switch(config-line)#
Enter line configuration mode for virtual terminal
connections. Commands entered in this mode control the
operation of Telnet sessions to the Catalyst 4840G SLB
switch.
Step 10
SLB-Switch(config-line)#
password password
Enter a password for Telnet sessions.
Step 11
SLB-Switch(config-line)# end
SLB-Switch#
Return to privileged EXEC mode.
Step 12
SLB-Switch# copy running-config
startup-config
Save your configuration changes to NVRAM.
The Catalyst 4840G SLB switch should now be operating correctly. You can now use Telnet to remotely
assign and verify configurations.
Displaying the Operating Configuration
You can display the configuration file when you are in privileged EXEC (enable) mode.
•
To see the current operating configuration, enter the following command at the enable prompt:
SLB-Switch# more system:running-config
•
To see the configuration in NVRAM, enter the following command:
SLB-Switch# more nvram:startup-config
If you made changes to the configuration, but did not yet write the changes to NVRAM, the contents of
the running-config file will differ from the contents of the startup-config file.
Enabling Fast Ethernet Client
The Catalyst 4840G contains forty 10/100 BASE-T ports that are configured for server connections.
The Fast Ethernet client feature allows you to enable 10/100 BASE-T ports 37–40 for client
connections. The last Ethernet port interface (EPIF) supports these four ports. If you enable Fast
Ethernet client on one of these ports, all four of the ports are enabled for client connections.
When Fast Ethernet client is enabled, Gigabit Ethernet port, G42, is designated as a loopback port and
acts as a proxy for the Fast Ethernet client ports. Gigabit Ethernet port G42 is not operational while in
loopback mode.
Note
You cannot connect a server and a client on the same EPIF that supports Fast Ethernet
client. You must verify that servers and clients are not connected on the same EPIF that is
set to support Fast Ethernet client.
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Configuring the Catalyst 4840G Processor
Configuring a Host Name
To enable Fast Ethernet client, perform the following task:
Command
Purpose
Step 1
[no] ip slb fast-ethernet client
Enable Fast Ethernet ports 37–40 for client connections.
No: Enable Fast Ethernet ports 37–40 for server connections.
Step 2
show ip slb fast-ethernet client
Show whether Fast Ethernet ports 37–40 are enabled for client
connections or for server connections.
Configuring a Host Name
In addition to the system passwords and enable password, your initial configuration should include the
host name to make it easier to configure and troubleshoot the SLB switch. To configure the host name,
perform this task:
Command
Purpose
Step 1
SLB-Switch# configure terminal
SLB-Switch(config)#
Enter global configuration mode.
Step 2
SLB-Switch(config)# hostname name
Specify a system name.
Step 3
SLB-Switch(config)# end
SLB-Switch#
Return to privileged EXEC mode.
Step 4
SLB-Switch# copy system:running-config
nvram:startup-config
Save your configuration changes to NVRAM.
Using Flash PC Cards
This section describes how to use a Flash PC card to copy system images and make standard
configurations. A Flash PC card is not required for the operation of the SLB switch.
Note
A Flash PC card must be ordered as a spare part. We recommend that you use a 20-MB
Flash PC card to download and store a copy of the SLB switch software image. Doing so
allows you to store two or more images at the same time.
Flash PC cards store a copy of the software image. The following sections describe how to format,
delete, configure, and copy files between the onboard Flash memory Single In-Line Memory Module
(SIMM), network servers, and the Flash PC card:
•
Formatting a Flash PC Card, page 3-6
•
Copying the Startup Configuration File to the Flash PC Card, page 3-6
•
Viewing the Contents of Flash Memory, page 3-7
•
Deleting Files from Flash Memory, page 3-7
•
Booting from a Flash PC Card, page 3-8
•
Backing Up a System Image to a TFTP Server, page 3-9
•
Copying a System Image from a TFTP Server to a Flash PC Card, page 3-10
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Using Flash PC Cards
Formatting a Flash PC Card
A Flash PC card is blank and must be formatted before use. The formatting procedure erases all
information on the Flash PC card.
To format a Flash PC card, follow these steps:
Step 1
Back up files that you have on an existing Flash PC card by copying them to a TFTP server using the
copy flash tftp: command.
Step 2
Insert the Flash PC card you want to format into slot 0.
Step 3
Format the Flash PC card using the format command.
This example shows how to format a Flash PC card in slot 0 and name it “NewPCcard”:
SLB-Switch# format slot0:
Format operation may take a while. Continue? [confirm] y
Enter volume ID (up to 30 characters): NewPCcard
Formatting sector 1
Format device slot0 completed
This example uses a 16-MB Flash PC card. At the line Formatting sector 1, the system counts the
card’s sectors backward from 128 to 1 as it formats them. For 20-MB Flash PC cards, the system counts
backward from 160 to 1.
Note
For more information on inserting a Flash PC card, refer to the Catalyst 4840G Chassis
Installation Guide.
Copying the Startup Configuration File to the Flash PC Card
To copy the startup configuration file from NVRAM to a Flash PC card after the Flash PC card is
formatted and ready to use, perform this task:
Command
Purpose
SLB-Switch# copy nvram:startup-config
flash-device
Copy the file startup-config to the Flash PC
card in the specified location.
This example shows how to copy the startup configuration file to the Flash PC card in slot 0; the default
filename is used:
SLB-Switch# copy nvram:startup-config slot0:
Destination filename [startup-config]? y
3790 bytes copied in 0.484 secs
SLB-Switch#
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Using Flash PC Cards
Viewing the Contents of Flash Memory
This section describes commands you can use with the onboard Flash memory SIMM (bootflash) and
Flash PC cards.
Determining the Current File System Device
To determine which file system device you are accessing, enter the pwd (print working directory)
command, as shown in this example:
SLB-Switch# pwd
bootflash
Moving Between Flash Memory Media
To move between Flash memory media, enter the cd command, as shown in this example:
SLB-Switch# cd slot0:
SLB-Switch# pwd
slot0
SLB-Switch#
Listing the Flash Memory Directory Contents
To list the directory contents of any Flash memory media, enter the dir command, as shown in this
example:
SLB-Switch# dir
Directory of slot0:/
1
3
4
-rw-rw-rw-
3509000
3509004
2386
Jan 25 1999
Feb 5 1999
Feb 19 1999
19:46:25
19:46:25
17:25:36
cat4840G-in-mz.120-1.W5.6a.bin
cat4840G-in-mz.120-1a.W5.6b.bin
startup-config
16384000 bytes total (9360836 bytes free)
SLB-Switch#
Deleting Files from Flash Memory
When you delete a file from Flash memory, the system marks the file as deleted, allowing you to later
recover a deleted file using the undelete command. Erased files cannot be recovered. To permanently
erase the configuration file, enter the squeeze command.
The squeeze command permanently removes files marked for deletion and pushes all the other
undeleted files together to eliminate spaces between them. To prevent data loss due to sudden power
loss, the squeezed data is temporarily saved to another location in Flash memory. The squeeze
command keeps a log of the functions performed so that if a power failure occurs, the system continues
the process when the power resumes.
Caution
When deleting files from memory, be careful not to delete all the system images. If you
delete all existing system images, you can no longer download new images.
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Using Flash PC Cards
The following is an example of the delete and squeeze commands used together. Note that the delete
command requires you to specify the filename, while the squeeze command requires that you specify
the Flash memory media (for example, slot0:).
SLB-Switch# delete cat4840G-in-mz.X.bin
SLB-Switch# dir
Directory of slot0:/
4 -rw-2386May 11 1999 17:25:36
startup-config
16384000 bytes total (9360836 bytes free)
SLB-Switch#
The image file is marked for deletion. Enter the squeeze command to complete the operation:
SLB-Switch# squeeze slot0:
All deleted files will be removed, proceed? [confirm] y
Squeeze operation may take a while, proceed? [confirm] Y
ebESESESESESESESES
SLB-Switch# dir
4 -rw-2386May 11 1999 17:25:36 startup-config
12869836 bytes available (1825540 bytes used)
Table 3-1 describes the output that is generated from a squeeze command.
Table 3-1
Interpreting the Output from the squeeze Command
Output
Letter Description
e
This special location was erased (which must be performed before any write
operation).
b
The data about to be written to this special location was temporarily copied.
E
The sector temporarily occupied by the data was erased.
S
The data was written to its permanent location in Flash memory.
Z
This log was erased after the squeeze command was successfully completed.
Booting from a Flash PC Card
This section describes how to configure the SLB switch so that it boots from an image on a Flash PC
card. To enable booting from a Flash PC card, perform this task:
Command
Purpose
Step 1
SLB-Switch# configure terminal
SLB-Switch(config)#
Enter global configuration mode.
Step 2
SLB-Switch(config)# no boot system
Disable booting from bootflash.
Step 3
SLB-Switch(config)# boot system flash
[flash-fs:] [partition-number:]
[filename]
Enable booting from the image name file on the
specified Flash file system device.
Step 4
SLB-Switch(config)# config-reg 0x2102
Set the configuration register for automatic booting.
Step 5
SLB-Switch(config)# end
SLB-Switch#
Exit global configuration modes.
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Using Flash PC Cards
Command
Purpose
Step 6
SLB-Switch# copy system:running-config
nvram:startup-config
Save the configuration to NVRAM.
Step 7
SLB-Switch# reload
Reboot the system.
When you enter boot commands, be careful not to insert extra spaces because they affect the way the
SLB switch interprets the command. For example, notice the difference in the following commands.
The following command correctly instructs the SLB switch to boot the image1 file:
SLB-Switch(config)# boot system flash slot0:image1
The following command incorrectly contains a space between “slot0:” and “image2.” The SLB switch
finds the filename field blank and boots the first file on the Flash PC card.
SLB-Switch(config)# boot system flash slot0: image2
Backing Up a System Image to a TFTP Server
To create a backup copy of your system image, or to verify that the copy in Flash memory is the same
as the original file on disk, you can copy system images from Flash memory to a Trivial File Transfer
Protocol (TFTP) server.
In some implementations of TFTP, you must create a dummy file on the TFTP server and give it read,
write, and execute permissions before copying the file over it. Refer to your TFTP documentation for
more information.
Before you copy software between the network server and Flash memory in the SLB switch, perform
these tasks:
•
Make sure you have access to the network server, and obtain its IP address and name.
•
Verify that the server has sufficient room to accommodate the Cisco IOS software image.
•
Check the filename requirements and file space on the network server.
To create a backup of the system software on a TFTP server, perform this task:
Command
Purpose
Step 1
SLB-Switch# cd filesystem:
Change the Flash device to the slot that holds the Flash PC
card.
Step 2
SLB-Switch# show flash all
Display the contents of Flash memory, including the names
of the images that currently reside there.
Note the name of the image file you want to copy.
Step 3
SLB-Switch# copy flash tftp:
Copy a file from Flash memory to a TFTP server. Be sure to
include a colon at the end of the tftp keyword, as shown in
this example.
The following example demonstrates copying a specified system image file from the current flash
device to the default TFTP server:
SLB-Switch# copy flash tftp:
Source filename []? cat4840G-in-mz.X.bin
Address or name of remote host [172.8.1.129]? y
Destination filename [cat4840G-in-mz.X.bin]? y
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Using Flash PC Cards
Copying a System Image from a TFTP Server to a Flash PC Card
You should have a copy of the current system image on a Flash PC card in case the file in Flash memory
becomes corrupted. You can replace the system software by copying the backup image from the Flash
PC card to the onboard Flash memory.
Note
Be sure that you have a properly formatted Flash PC card in the appropriate slot before
beginning this procedure.
To copy the system image from the TFTP server to a Flash PC card, perform this task:
Command
Purpose
Step 1
SLB-Switch# cd filesystem:
Change the Flash device to the slot that holds the Flash PC
card.
Step 2
SLB-Switch# pwd
Verify that you are in the right directory.
Step 3
SLB-Switch# copy tftp flash:
Copy a file from a TFTP server to Flash memory.
This example shows how to copy a system image file from the default TFTP server to the current Flash
PC card:
SLB-Switch# copy tftp flash:
Source filename []? cat4840G-in-mz.X.bin
Address or name of remote host [172.8.1.129]? y
Destination filename [cat4840g-in-mz.X.bin]? y
5746016 bytes available on device slot0, proceed? [confirm] y
Now that you have configured the processor, see Chapter 4, “Configuring Interfaces,” for instructions
on interface configurations for your SLB switch.
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