Specifications | Cisco Systems 7690 IP Phone User Manual

Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide
for Cisco CallManager 3.2
Cisco IP Phones 7960, 7940, and 7910
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Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide for Cisco CallManager 3.2, Cisco IP Phones 7960, 7940, and 7910
Copyright © 2000-2002, Cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.
C ON T E NT S
About This Guide ix
Overview ix
Audience ix
Objectives x
Organization x
Related Documentation xi
Obtaining Documentation xii
World Wide Web xii
Documentation CD-ROM xii
Ordering Documentation xiii
Documentation Feedback xiii
Obtaining Technical Assistance xiv
Cisco.com xiv
Technical Assistance Center xiv
Cisco TAC Web Site xv
Cisco TAC Escalation Center xvi
Document Conventions xvi
CHAPTER
1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone 1-1
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940 1-2
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7910 1-5
What Networking Protocols Are Used? 1-7
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Contents
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone? 1-9
Feature Overview 1-10
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager
Administration 1-10
Configuring Network Features Using the IP Phone 1-11
Providing Users with Feature Information 1-11
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the
Cisco IP Phone 1-12
CHAPTER
2
Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on Your Network 2-1
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products 2-1
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with
Cisco CallManager 2-2
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the Cisco Catalyst
Family of Switches 2-2
Understanding the Phone Startup Process 2-3
Obtaining Power from the Switch 2-4
Loading the Stored Phone Image 2-4
Configuring VLAN 2-4
Obtaining an IP Address 2-4
Accessing TFTP Server 2-5
Requesting the Configuration File 2-5
Contacting Cisco CallManager 2-5
Guidelines for Configuring Ports on Cisco IP Phones 2-6
Connecting to the Network 2-6
Using the Network Port 2-6
Using the Access Port 2-7
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone 2-7
Power Source Design 2-7
Redundancy Feature 2-8
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Configuring the Handset, Headset, and Speakerphone 2-8
Connecting a Handset to a Cisco IP Phone 2-9
Connecting a Headset to a Cisco IP Phone 2-9
Disabling the Speakerphone Feature 2-10
Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database 2-10
Using Auto-Registration 2-11
Adding Phones Manually 2-12
Adding Phones Manually Using DHCP 2-12
Assigning Static IP Addresses 2-13
Using the Bulk Administration Tool 2-15
Configuring the Cisco IP Phone 7960 to Support the 7914 Expansion Module 2-15
CHAPTER
3
Installing the Cisco IP Phone 3-1
Before You Begin 3-1
Network Requirements 3-2
Cisco CallManager Configuration 3-2
Safety 3-3
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network 3-4
Adjusting Placement of the Cisco IP Phone 3-7
Adjusting Cisco IP Phone Placement on the Desktop 3-7
Mounting the Phone to the Wall 3-7
Verifying the Phone Startup Process 3-9
Configuring Startup Network Settings 3-10
CHAPTER
4
Adding the Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module 4-1
Installing the 7914 Expansion Module 4-2
Before You Begin 4-2
Package List 4-2
Footstand Kits 4-2
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Contents
Additional Equipment 4-3
Safety Notices 4-3
Connecting the 7914 Expansion Module 4-4
Removing the Footstand from the Cisco IP Phone 7960 4-5
Connecting the Support Bar to the Cisco IP Phone 7960 4-6
Connecting the 7914 Expansion Module to the Support Bar 4-7
Connecting the RS 232 Cable 4-9
Connecting the Power Supply 4-11
Connecting the Footstand 4-12
Start Up Sequence 4-14
CHAPTER
5
Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone 5-1
Accessing the Network Configuration Settings 5-2
Verifying Network Settings 5-3
Modifying DHCP Settings 5-9
Enabling DHCP 5-10
Disabling DHCP 5-11
Releasing a DHCP Address 5-12
Configuring IP Settings 5-14
Assigning an IP Address 5-14
Assigning Default Router 5-15
Assigning Subnet Mask 5-17
Assigning Domain Name 5-18
Assigning DNS Servers 5-19
Configuring VLAN Settings 5-20
Configuring TFTP Options 5-21
Assigning a TFTP Sever 5-21
Using an Alternate TFTP Server 5-23
Assigning a Backup TFTP Server 5-24
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Configuring Ports 5-25
Configuring the SW Port 5-26
Configuring the PC Port 5-27
CHAPTER
6
Configuring Cisco IP Phones, Users, and Features in Cisco CallManager 6-1
Configuring Cisco IP Phones in Cisco CallManager 6-2
Adding Users to Cisco CallManager 6-5
Modifying Phone Button Templates 6-5
Possible Phone Button Template Configurations 6-6
Updating Button Labels 6-7
Configuring Corporate Directories 6-8
Setting Up User Services 6-8
Providing Information to End Users 6-9
CHAPTER
7
Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone 6-1
Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information 6-1
Displaying Statistics for Current Call 6-2
Viewing Status Messages 6-3
Displaying Network Statistics 6-8
Verifying Model and Serial Number 6-10
Verifying Firmware Version 6-11
Resetting the Cisco IP Phone 6-12
Erasing Local Configuration 6-13
Updating Firmware Version 6-14
Resolving Startup Problems 6-15
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Does Not Start Up and LCD Screen Does Not
Display 6-16
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Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Not Registering with Cisco CallManager 6-17
Identifying Error Messages 6-17
Registering the Phone with Cisco CallManager 6-18
Checking Network Connectivity 6-18
Verifying TFTP Server Settings 6-18
Verifying IP Addressing and Routing 6-19
Verifying DNS Settings 6-19
Verifying Cisco CallManager Settings 6-20
Cisco CallManager and TFTP Services Are Not Running 6-20
Creating a New Configuration File 6-21
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Resetting 6-21
Verifying Physical Connection 6-22
Identifying Intermittent Network Outages 6-22
Verifying DHCP Settings 6-23
Checking Static IP Address Settings 6-23
Verifying Voice VLAN Configuration 6-23
Verifying that the Phones Have Not Been Intentionally Reset 6-23
Eliminating DNS or Other Connectivity Errors 6-24
Resolving Known Issues 6-25
Technical Specifications A-1
Physical and Operating Environment Specifications A-1
Cable Specifications A-2
Network and Access Port Pinouts A-2
INDEX
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About This Guide
Overview
Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide for Cisco CallManager 3.2,
Cisco IP Phones 7960/7940/7910 provides the information you need to
understand, install, configure, and manage a Cisco IP Phone on your network.
Audience
Network engineers, system administrators, or telecom engineers should review
this guide to learn the steps required to properly set up the Cisco IP Phone on the
network.
The tasks described are considered to be administration-level tasks and are not
intended for end-users of the phones. Many of the tasks involve configuring
network settings and affect the phone’s ability to function in the network.
Because of the close interaction between the Cisco IP Phone and
Cisco CallManager, these tasks require familiarity with Cisco CallManager.
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About This Guide
Objectives
Objectives
This guide provides the required steps to get the Cisco IP Phone up and running
on a Voice-over-IP (VoIP) network. Because of the complexity of an IP telephony
network, this guide does not provide complete and detailed information for
procedures that you need to perform on the Cisco CallManager application or
other network devices.
Organization
Table 1 provides an overview of the organization of this guide.
Table 1
Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide Organization
Chapter
Description
Chapter 1, “An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone”
Provides a conceptual overview and description of
the Cisco IP Phone.
Chapter 2, “Preparing to Install the
Cisco IP Phone on Your Network”
Describes how the IP Phone interacts with other
key IP telephony components, and provides an
overview of the tasks required prior to installation.
Chapter 3, “Installing the Cisco IP Phone”
Describes how to properly and safely install and
configure the Cisco IP Phone on your network.
Chapter 4, “Installing the
7914 Expansion Module”
Describes how to install and connect one or two
Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Modules on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960.
Chapter 5, “Configuring Network Settings on the
Cisco IP Phone”
Describes how to configure network settings,
verify status, and make global changes to the
Cisco IP Phone.
Chapter 6, “Configuring Cisco IP Phones, Users,
and Features in Cisco CallManager”
Provides an overview of procedures for adding
users to the network, configuring corporate
directories, and setting up web information
services.
Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone” Provides tips for troubleshooting the
Cisco IP Phones and the Expansion Module.
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Related Documentation
Table 1
Cisco IP Phone Administration Guide Organization (continued)
Chapter
Description
Appendix A, “Technical Specifications”
Provides a reference of the detailed technical
specifications of the Cisco IP Phone.
Index
Provides reference information.
Related Documentation
For more information about Cisco IP Phones or Cisco CallManager, refer to these
publications, which are available at the following location:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/index.htm
Cisco IP Phone Models 7960, 7940, and 7910
•
Find Your Phone Guide on the Web
•
At a Glance Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940
•
Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940 User Guide
•
Quick Reference Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
•
Release Notes for the IP Phone 7960/7940/7910
•
Getting Started with the Cisco IP Phone 7910
•
Cisco IP Phone 7910 Quick Reference Card
Cisco CallManager Administration
•
Cisco CallManager Administration Guide
•
Cisco CallManager System Guide
•
Cisco CallManager Serviceability Administration Guide
•
Cisco CallManager Serviceability System Guide
•
Bulk Administration Tool User Guide
Cisco IP Phones Services and Features
•
Personal Directory Configuration Guide
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About This Guide
Obtaining Documentation
Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module
•
Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module Quick Start Guide
Cisco Customer Response Applications 2.2
•
Cisco CallManager Extended Services Administrator's Guide
You can find these publications on the Web from links at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/index.htm
Obtaining Documentation
The following sections explain how to obtain documentation from Cisco Systems.
World Wide Web
You can access the most current Cisco documentation on the World Wide Web at
the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com
Translated documentation is available at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/public/countries_languages.shtml
Documentation CD-ROM
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available in a Cisco
Documentation CD-ROM package, which is shipped with your product. The
Documentation CD-ROM is updated monthly and may be more current than
printed documentation. The CD-ROM package is available as a single unit or
through an annual subscription.
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Obtaining Documentation
Ordering Documentation
Cisco documentation is available in the following ways:
•
Registered Cisco Direct Customers can order Cisco product documentation
from the Networking Products MarketPlace:
http://www.cisco.com/cgi-bin/order/order_root.pl
•
Registered Cisco.com users can order the Documentation CD-ROM through
the online Subscription Store:
http://www.cisco.com/go/subscription
•
Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order documentation through a local
account representative by calling Cisco corporate headquarters (California,
USA) at 408 526-7208 or, elsewhere in North America, by calling 800
553-NETS (6387).
Documentation Feedback
If you are reading Cisco product documentation on Cisco.com, you can submit
technical comments electronically. Click Leave Feedback at the bottom of the
Cisco Documentation home page. After you complete the form, print it out and
fax it to Cisco at 408 527-0730.
You can e-mail your comments to bug-doc@cisco.com.
To submit your comments by mail, use the response card behind the front cover
of your document, or write to the following address:
Cisco Systems
Attn: Document Resource Connection
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-9883
We appreciate your comments.
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Obtaining Technical Assistance
Obtaining Technical Assistance
Cisco provides Cisco.com as a starting point for all technical assistance.
Customers and partners can obtain documentation, troubleshooting tips, and
sample configurations from online tools by using the Cisco Technical Assistance
Center (TAC) Web Site. Cisco.com registered users have complete access to the
technical support resources on the Cisco TAC Web Site.
Cisco.com
Cisco.com is the foundation of a suite of interactive, networked services that
provides immediate, open access to Cisco information, networking solutions,
services, programs, and resources at any time, from anywhere in the world.
Cisco.com is a highly integrated Internet application and a powerful, easy-to-use
tool that provides a broad range of features and services to help you to
•
Streamline business processes and improve productivity
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Resolve technical issues with online support
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Download and test software packages
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Order Cisco learning materials and merchandise
•
Register for online skill assessment, training, and certification programs
You can self-register on Cisco.com to obtain customized information and service.
To access Cisco.com, go to the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com
Technical Assistance Center
The Cisco TAC is available to all customers who need technical assistance with
a Cisco product, technology, or solution. Two types of support are available
through the Cisco TAC: the Cisco TAC Web Site and the Cisco TAC Escalation
Center.
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Obtaining Technical Assistance
Inquiries to Cisco TAC are categorized according to the urgency of the issue:
•
Priority level 4 (P4)—You need information or assistance concerning Cisco
product capabilities, product installation, or basic product configuration.
•
Priority level 3 (P3)—Your network performance is degraded. Network
functionality is noticeably impaired, but most business operations continue.
•
Priority level 2 (P2)—Your production network is severely degraded,
affecting significant aspects of business operations. No workaround is
available.
•
Priority level 1 (P1)—Your production network is down, and a critical impact
to business operations will occur if service is not restored quickly. No
workaround is available.
Which Cisco TAC resource you choose is based on the priority of the problem and
the conditions of service contracts, when applicable.
Cisco TAC Web Site
The Cisco TAC Web Site allows you to resolve P3 and P4 issues yourself, saving
both cost and time. The site provides around-the-clock access to online tools,
knowledge bases, and software. To access the Cisco TAC Web Site, go to the
following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/tac
All customers, partners, and resellers who have a valid Cisco services contract
have complete access to the technical support resources on the Cisco TAC Web
Site. The Cisco TAC Web Site requires a Cisco.com login ID and password. If
you have a valid service contract but do not have a login ID or password, go to
the following URL to register:
http://www.cisco.com/register/
If you cannot resolve your technical issues by using the Cisco TAC Web Site, and
you are a Cisco.com registered user, you can open a case online by using the TAC
Case Open tool at the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/tac/caseopen
If you have Internet access, it is recommended that you open P3 and P4 cases
through the Cisco TAC Web Site.
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Document Conventions
Cisco TAC Escalation Center
The Cisco TAC Escalation Center addresses issues that are classified as priority
level 1 or priority level 2; these classifications are assigned when severe network
degradation significantly impacts business operations. When you contact the TAC
Escalation Center with a P1 or P2 problem, a Cisco TAC engineer will
automatically open a case.
To obtain a directory of toll-free Cisco TAC telephone numbers for your country,
go to the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml
Before calling, please check with your network operations center to determine the
level of Cisco support services to which your company is entitled; for example,
SMARTnet, SMARTnet Onsite, or Network Supported Accounts (NSA). In
addition, please have available your service agreement number and your product
serial number.
Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions:
Convention
Description
boldface font
Commands and keywords are in boldface.
italic font
Arguments for which you supply values are in italics.
[ ]
Elements in square brackets are optional.
{x|y|z}
Alternative keywords are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars.
[x|y|z]
Optional alternative keywords are grouped in brackets and separated by
vertical bars.
string
A nonquoted set of characters. Do not use quotation marks around the string
or the string will include the quotation marks.
screen
font
Terminal sessions and information the system displays are in screen font.
boldface screen
italic screen font
font
Information you must enter is in boldface
screen
font.
Arguments for which you supply values are in italic screen font.
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Document Conventions
Convention
Description
^
The symbol ^ represents the key labeled Control—for example, the key
combination ^D in a screen display means hold down the Control key while
you press the D key.
< >
Nonprinting characters, such as passwords are in angle brackets.
Note
Caution
Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to
material not covered in the publication.
Means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could
result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Warnings use the following conventions:
Warning
This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that
could cause bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be
aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry and be
familiar with standard practices for preventing accidents. To see
translations of the warnings that appear in this publication, refer
to the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information document
that accompanied this device.
Waarschuwing
Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een
situatie die lichamelijk letsel kan veroorzaken. Voordat u aan
enige apparatuur gaat werken, dient u zich bewust te zijn van de
bij elektrische schakelingen betrokken risico's en dient u op de
hoogte te zijn van standaard maatregelen om ongelukken te
voorkomen. Voor vertalingen van de waarschuwingen die in
deze publicatie verschijnen, kunt u het document Regulatory
Compliance and Safety Information (Informatie over naleving van
veiligheids- en andere voorschriften) raadplegen dat bij dit
toestel is ingesloten.
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Document Conventions
Varoitus
Tämä varoitusmerkki merkitsee vaaraa. Olet tilanteessa, joka voi
johtaa ruumiinvammaan. Ennen kuin työskentelet minkään
laitteiston parissa, ota selvää sähkökytkentöihin liittyvistä
vaaroista ja tavanomaisista onnettomuuksien ehkäisykeinoista.
Tässä julkaisussa esiintyvien varoitusten käännökset löydät
laitteen mukana olevasta Regulatory Compliance and Safety
Information -kirjasesta (määräysten noudattaminen ja tietoa
turvallisuudesta).
Attention
Ce symbole d'avertissement indique un danger. Vous vous
trouvez dans une situation pouvant causer des blessures ou des
dommages corporels. Avant de travailler sur un équipement,
soyez conscient des dangers posés par les circuits électriques et
familiarisez-vous avec les procédures couramment utilisées
pour éviter les accidents. Pour prendre connaissance des
traductions d’avertissements figurant dans cette publication,
consultez le document Regulatory Compliance and Safety
Information (Conformité aux règlements et consignes de
sécurité) qui accompagne cet appareil.
Warnung
Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer
Situation, die zu einer Körperverletzung führen könnte. Bevor Sie
mit der Arbeit an irgendeinem Gerät beginnen, seien Sie sich der
mit elektrischen Stromkreisen verbundenen Gefahren und der
Standardpraktiken zur Vermeidung von Unfällen bewußt.
Übersetzungen der in dieser Veröffentlichung enthaltenen
Warnhinweise finden Sie im Dokument Regulatory Compliance
and Safety Information (Informationen zu behördlichen
Vorschriften und Sicherheit), das zusammen mit diesem Gerät
geliefert wurde.
Avvertenza
Questo simbolo di avvertenza indica un pericolo. La situazione
potrebbe causare infortuni alle persone. Prima di lavorare su
qualsiasi apparecchiatura, occorre conoscere i pericoli relativi
ai circuiti elettrici ed essere al corrente delle pratiche standard
per la prevenzione di incidenti. La traduzione delle avvertenze
riportate in questa pubblicazione si trova nel documento
Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Conformità alle
norme e informazioni sulla sicurezza) che accompagna questo
dispositivo.
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Document Conventions
Advarsel
Dette varselsymbolet betyr fare. Du befinner deg i en situasjon
som kan føre til personskade. Før du utfører arbeid på utstyr, må
du vare oppmerksom på de faremomentene som elektriske
kretser innebærer, samt gjøre deg kjent med vanlig praksis når
det gjelder å unngå ulykker. Hvis du vil se oversettelser av de
advarslene som finnes i denne publikasjonen, kan du se i
dokumentet Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information
(Overholdelse av forskrifter og sikkerhetsinformasjon) som ble
levert med denne enheten.
Aviso
Este símbolo de aviso indica perigo. Encontra-se numa situação
que lhe poderá causar danos físicos. Antes de começar a
trabalhar com qualquer equipamento, familiarize-se com os
perigos relacionados com circuitos eléctricos, e com quaisquer
práticas comuns que possam prevenir possíveis acidentes. Para
ver as traduções dos avisos que constam desta publicação,
consulte o documento Regulatory Compliance and Safety
Information (Informação de Segurança e Disposições
Reguladoras) que acompanha este dispositivo.
¡Advertencia!
Este símbolo de aviso significa peligro. Existe riesgo para su
integridad física. Antes de manipular cualquier equipo,
considerar los riesgos que entraña la corriente eléctrica y
familiarizarse con los procedimientos estándar de prevención de
accidentes. Para ver una traducción de las advertencias que
aparecen en esta publicación, consultar el documento titulado
Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information (Información
sobre seguridad y conformidad con las disposiciones
reglamentarias) que se acompaña con este dispositivo.
Varning!
Denna varningssymbol signalerar fara. Du befinner dig i en
situation som kan leda till personskada. Innan du utför arbete på
någon utrustning måste du vara medveten om farorna med
elkretsar och känna till vanligt förfarande för att förebygga
skador. Se förklaringar av de varningar som förkommer i denna
publikation i dokumentet Regulatory Compliance and Safety
Information (Efterrättelse av föreskrifter och
säkerhetsinformation), vilket medföljer denna anordning.
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About This Guide
Document Conventions
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C H A P T E R
1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
The Cisco IP Phone provides functionality similar to that of a traditional analog
phone, but must be configured and managed like other network devices.
You can choose among three models of Cisco IP Phones—Cisco IP Phone 7960,
Cisco IP Phone 7940, and Cisco IP Phone 7910. Each Cisco IP Phone supports
G.711, G.729, G.729a, G.729b, and G.729ab audio compression.
This section covers the following topics:
Caution
•
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940, page 1-2
•
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7910, page 1-5
•
What Networking Protocols Are Used?, page 1-7
•
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone?, page 1-9
•
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the
Cisco IP Phone, page 1-12
Using a cell phone or mobile phone in close proximity to a Cisco IP Phone might
cause interference.
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Chapter 1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models
7960 and 7940
The Cisco IP Phone models 7960 and 7940 are full-featured, multiline telephones
that provide voice communication over an IP network. These phones function as
managerial-level office telephones, replacing traditional analog telephones in an IP
telephony network.
The Cisco IP Phone model 7960 and 7940 differ only in the number of available
line or speed dial buttons. The Cisco IP Phone 7940 has two lines, and the 7960
has six lines.
The main components of both models are illustrated in and Figure 1-1 and
Figure 1-2, and defined in the table that follows.
Figure 1-1
Cisco IP Phone 7960
2
3
4
1
5
6
7
8
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10
68561
9
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Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940
Figure 1-2
Cisco IP Phone 7940
2
3
4
1
5
6
7
8
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10
68562
9
1
Handset with
indicator light
Functions like a traditional handset. The light strip at the
top of the handset blinks when the phone rings and
remains lit to indicate a new voice mail message.
2
LCD screen
Displays features such as the time, date, phone number,
caller ID, line/call status and soft key tabs.
3
Cisco IP Phone
model type
Indicates Cisco IP Phone model.
4
Line or speed
dial button
Opens a new line, speed dials the number on the LCD
screen, or ends a call. The Cisco IP Phone 7960 has six
line or speed dial buttons and the 7940 has two.
5
Footstand
adjustment
Allows you to adjust the angle of the phone base.
6
Directories
button
Provides access to call histories and directories.
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940
7
? button
Displays help on LCD screen for a phone button or
function and provides status information about the
current call.
8
Settings button
Provides access to phone settings such as contrast and
ring sound, network configuration, and status
information.
9
Speaker button
Toggles the speaker on or off.
10
Mute button
Toggles the mute on or off.
11
Headset button
Toggles the headset on or off.
12
Volume button
Increases or decreases volume for the handset, headset,
or speakerphone (depending upon which is currently
active). Also controls the ringer volume (if on-hook),
and the LCD contrast.
13
Services button
Provides access to phone services (if available).
14
Messages button Provides access to a message system (if available).
15
Navigation
button
Enables you to scroll through text and select features
displayed on the LCD screen.
16
Dial pad
Works exactly like the dial pad on a traditional
telephone.
17
Soft keys
Enable you to engage any of the functions displayed on
the corresponding LCD tabs. Soft keys point to feature
options displayed along the bottom of the LCD screen.
Soft keys change depending on the status of the phone.
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7910
Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7910
The Cisco IP Phone 7910 is designed primarily for common-use areas that require
basic features, such as lobbies, break rooms, and hallways.
The Cisco IP Phone 7910 is available in two configurations:
•
Cisco IP Phone 7910—includes a single 10-BaseT connection
•
Cisco IP Phone 7910+SW—includes an optional internal 3-port switch that
allows a 100-Mbps connection
The main components of the Cisco IP Phone 7910 are illustrated in Figure 1-3
and defined in the table that follows.
Figure 1-3
Cisco IP Phone 7910 Features
1
2
3
4
5
6
LINE
HOLD
TRANSFER
SETTINGS
7
8
messages
conf
froward
speed 1
speed 2
redial
9
10
11
16
15
14 13
68563
12
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Understanding the Cisco IP Phone 7910
1
Handset with
indicator light
Functions like a traditional handset.
2
LCD screen
Displays features such as time, date, directory number,
caller ID, and line/call status.
3
Line button
Opens a new line.
4
Hold button
Puts a current call on hold or takes a call off hold.
5
Transfer button Transfers the current caller to a different phone number.
6
Settings button Adjust handset, speaker, and ringer volume, the ringer
type, and contrast on the LCD screen.
7
Footstand
adjustment
Allows you to adjust the angle of the phone base.
8
Messages
button
Programmable with Cisco CallManager to suit the needs
of your company. See the “Modifying Phone Button
Templates” section on page 6-5 for additional
information. The default setting for this button allows
you to access voice mail message.
9
Conference
button
Programmable with Cisco CallManager to suit the needs
of your company. See the “Modifying Phone Button
Templates” section on page 6-5 for additional
information. The default setting for this button allows
you to initiate a conference call.
10
Forward button Programmable with Cisco CallManager to suit the needs
of your company. See the “Modifying Phone Button
Templates” section on page 6-5 for additional
information. The default setting for this button allows
you to redirect calls to another number.
11
Redial button
12
Speaker button Toggles the speaker on or off.
Programmable with Cisco CallManager to suit the needs
of your company. See the “Modifying Phone Button
Templates” section on page 6-5 for additional
information. The default setting for this button allows
you to dial the last number called.
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What Networking Protocols Are Used?
13
Mute button
Toggles the Mute on or off.
14
Volume button
Increases or decreases the volume for the handset or
speaker. Also controls the ringer volume and the LCD
contrast.
15
Speed dials
Programmable with Cisco CallManager to suit the needs
of your company. See the “Modifying Phone Button
Templates” section on page 6-5 for additional
information. The default setting for this button allows
you to quickly call a frequently dialed number.
16
Dialing pad
Functions like a traditional telephone dialing pad.
What Networking Protocols Are Used?
Cisco IP Phones support several industry-standard and Cisco networking
protocols required for voice communication. See Table 1-1 for an overview of the
supported networking protocols.
Table 1-1
Supported Networking Protocols on the Cisco IP Phone
Networking Protocol
Purpose
Usage Notes
Bootstrap Protocol
(BootP)
BootP enables a network device such as
the Cisco IP Phone to discover certain
startup information, such as its IP
address.
If you are using BootP to assign
IP addresses to the
Cisco IP Phone, this is displayed
in the network configuration
settings on the phone.
Cisco Discovery
Protocol (CDP)
CDP is a device-discovery protocol that
runs on all Cisco-manufactured
equipment.
The Cisco IP Phone uses CDP to
communicate information such as
auxiliary VLAN ID, per port
power management details, and
Quality of Service (QoS)
configuration information with the
Cisco Catalyst switch.
Using CDP, a device can advertise its
existence to other devices and receive
information about other devices in the
network.
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
What Networking Protocols Are Used?
Table 1-1
Supported Networking Protocols on the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Networking Protocol
Purpose
Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol
(DHCP)
DHCP dynamically allocates and assigns DHCP is enabled by default. If
disabled, you must manually
an IP address to network devices.
configure the IP address, subnet
DHCP enables you to connect the IP
mask, gateway, and an TFTP
phone into the network and become
operational without manually assigning server on each phone locally.
an IP address or configuring additional
required network parameters.
Internet Protocol (IP)
Usage Notes
Cisco recommends that you use
DHCP custom option 150. With
this method, you configure the
TFTP server IP address as the
option value. For additional
supported DCHP configurations,
see the Cisco CallManager
System Guide.
IP is a messaging protocol that addresses To communicate using IP,
and sends packets across the network.
network devices must have an
assigned IP address, subnet, and
gateway.
IP addresses, subnets, and
gateways identifications are
automatically assigned if you are
using the Cisco IP Phone with
Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP). If you are not
using DHCP, you must manually
assign these properties to each
phone locally.
Real-Time Transport
(RTP)
RTP is a standard for transporting
real-time data, such as interactive voice
and video over data networks.
Cisco IP Phones use the RTP
protocol to send and receive
real-time voice traffic from other
phones and gateways.
Transmission Control
Protocol (TCP)
TCP is a a connection-oriented transport
protocol.
Cisco IP Phones use TCP to
connect to Cisco CallManager
and to access XML services.
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What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone?
Table 1-1
Supported Networking Protocols on the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Networking Protocol
Purpose
Trivial File Transfer
Protocol (TFTP)
TFTP allows you to transfer files over the TFTP requires a TFTP server in
your network, which can be
network.
automatically identified from the
On the Cisco IP Phone, TFTP enables
you to obtain a configuration file specific DHCP server. If more than one
TFTP server is running in your
to the phone type.
network, you must manually
assign a TFTP server to each
phone locally.
User Datagram Protocol UDP is a connectionless messaging
(UDP)
protocol for delivery of data packets.
Usage Notes
Cisco IP Phones receive and
process UDP messages.
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone?
The Cisco IP Phone functions much like a traditional analog phone, allowing you
to place and receive telephone calls.
In addition to these traditional telephony features, the Cisco IP Phone includes
features that enable you to administer and monitor the phone as an IP networking
device.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Feature Overview, page 1-10
•
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager Administration,
page 1-10
•
Configuring Network Features Using the IP Phone, page 1-11
•
Providing Users with Feature Information, page 1-11
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Chapter 1
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone?
Feature Overview
Cisco IP Phones provide traditional telephony functionality, such as call
forwarding and transferring, redialing, speed dialing, conference calling, and
voice mail access. For an overview of all the supported telephony features and tips
on configuring them, see the “Configuring Cisco IP Phones in
Cisco CallManager” section on page 6-2.
Because the Cisco IP Phones are connected to the rest of your IP network, they
can interact with other services and devices to provide enhanced functionality. For
example, you can integrate the Cisco IP Phones with the corporate Lightweight
Directory Access Protocol 3 (LDAP3) standard directory to enable users to search
for co-workers contact information directly from their IP phone. Or, you can use
XML to enable users to access information such as weather, stocks, quote of the
day or other Web-based information. For information about configuring these
services, see the “Configuring Corporate Directories” section on page 6-8 and the
“Setting Up User Services” section on page 6-8.
Finally, because the Cisco IP Phone is a network device, you can obtain detailed
status information from it directly. This information can assist you in
troubleshooting any problems users might encounter when using their IP phones.
See Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone” for tips on using this
information.
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager
Administration
You can modify additional settings from the Cisco CallManager Administration
application. Use this web-based application to set up phone registration criteria
and calling search spaces, configure corporate directories and services, and
modify phone button templates, among other tasks. See the “Configuring Cisco IP
Phones in Cisco CallManager” section on page 6-2 and the Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide for additional information.
If you are not familiar with the Cisco CallManager Administration application,
use the context-sensitive help available within the application for guidance. You
can access context-sensitive help by choosing Help > For this screen from the
main menu bar.
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An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
What Features are Supported on the Cisco IP Phone?
This guide provides partial instructions for procedures that involve
Cisco CallManager Administration. These instructions are intended to point you
to the appropriate window in the Cisco CallManager application and to provide
some initial guidance.
For detailed information about using Cisco CallManager, refer to the
Cisco CallManager documentation suite available at this location:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_callmg/index.htm
Configuring Network Features Using the IP Phone
You can locally configure features such as DHCP, TFTP, and IP settings on the
phone, itself. You can also obtain statistics about a current call or firmware
versions on the phone.
For more information about configuring features and viewing statistics from the
phone, see Chapter 5, “Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone” and
Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone.”
Providing Users with Feature Information
If you are a system administrator, you are likely the primary source of information
for Cisco IP Phone users in your network or company. To ensure that you
distribute the most current feature and procedural information, familiarize
yourself with Cisco IP Phone documentation. Be sure to visit the Cisco IP Phone
web site:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_ipphon/index.htm.
From this site, you can view and order various user guides, including wallet cards.
For complete ordering information, see the “Obtaining Documentation” section
on page -xii.
In addition to providing documentation, it is important to inform users of
available Cisco IP Phone features—including those specific to your company or
network—and how to access and customize those features, if appropriate.
For a summary of some of the key information that phone users need their system
administrators to provide, see the “Providing Information to End Users” section
on page 6-9.
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Chapter 1
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and
Configuring the Cisco IP Phone
To install and configure the Cisco IP Phone, you must configure some network
settings, set up Cisco CallManager, and make changes locally on the phone.
Refer to Table 1-2 for an overview of required procedures. For detailed
information about these steps, refer to the referenced sources.
Table 1-2
Overview of Configuration Procedures for the Cisco IP Phone
Required Task
1.
Gather the following information
about the phone:
– Model
– MAC address
Purpose
For More Information
Required to configure
See the following:
Cisco CallManager to support
• “Adding Phones to the
the Cisco IP Phones.
Cisco CallManager
Database” section on
page 2-10
– Physical location of the phone
•
“Configuring Cisco IP
Phones in
Cisco CallManager”
section on page 6-2
•
Cisco CallManager
System Guide
•
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
– Cisco CallManager user to
associate with the phone
– Partition, calling search space,
and location information, if
used
– Number of lines and
associated directory numbers
to assign to the phone
– Features to be added and
configured to the phone
2.
Configure routers, gateways, and
switches to handle voice
communication.
Establishes the infrastructure
for the IP telephony network.
See the “Understanding
How the Cisco IP Phone
Interacts with the
Cisco Catalyst Family of
Switches” section on
page 2-2 and the
documentation included
with these devices.
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Table 1-2
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone
Overview of Configuration Procedures for the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Required Task
Purpose
For More Information
3.
Add the phone to
Cisco CallManager.
Provides call processing in the See the “Adding Phones to
IP telephony network.
the Cisco CallManager
Database” section on
page 2-10 and the
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
4.
Choose to auto-register phones,
add them to the Cisco CallManager
database manually, or use Bulk
Administration (BAT) to add many
phones to the database
simultaneously.
Determines how the phone is
added to Cisco CallManager
and how the directory number
is assigned.
See the “Adding Phones to
the Cisco CallManager
Database” section on
page 2-10 and the
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
5.
Choose to power through the
Cisco AC adapter or
Cisco Catalyst switch.
Determines whether the phone
receives power from an
external power source over a
power cord or from the in-line
power source over the
Ethernet cable.
See the “Providing Power to
the Cisco IP Phone” section
on page 2-7 or the
documentation included
with the Cisco Catalyst
switch.
6.
Install the phone in the network.
Adds the phone to the
network.
See Chapter 3, “Installing
the Cisco IP Phone”.
7.
Add a 7914 Expansion Module.
Extends functionality to the
Cisco IP Phone 7960 by
adding 14 line appearances
and/or speed dial numbers.
See the “Adding the
Cisco IP Phone 7914
Expansion Module” section
on page 4-1.
8.
Configure network settings on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960.
Sets IP settings (if not using
DHCP in the network) and
assigns a TFTP server.
See the “Configuring IP
Settings” section on
page 5-14 and the
“Configuring TFTP
Options” section on
page 5-21.
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Understanding the Requirements for Installing and Configuring the Cisco IP Phone
Table 1-2
Overview of Configuration Procedures for the Cisco IP Phone (continued)
Required Task
9.
An Overview of the Cisco IP Phone
Purpose
Configure the phone features such Provides enhanced telephony
as call waiting, call forward, call
functionality.
park, and call pickup.
For More Information
See the “Configuring Cisco
IP Phones in
Cisco CallManager” section
on page 6-2 and the
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
10. Modify button templates.
Provides customized phone
buttons.
See the “Modifying Phone
Button Templates” section
on page 6-5.
11. Configure Cisco IP phone
Allows users to quickly access
information such as weather,
stocks, quote of the day or any
Web-based information using
extensible markup language
(XML).
See the “Setting Up User
Services” section on
page 6-8 or the
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
12. Configure corporate directories.
Integrates with a LDAP3
standard directory, enabling
users to search through a
corporate directory.
See the “Configuring
Corporate Directories”
section on page 6-8 or the
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide.
13. Add users to Cisco CallManager.
Associates a user with a
phone, enabling access to the
User Options web-based
application where users set up
features such as call
forwarding and speed dial, and
subscribe to services.
See Chapter 6, “Configuring
Cisco IP Phones, Users, and
Features in
Cisco CallManager” and the
Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide or
context-sensitive help.
14. Provide information to end users
Ensures users have adequate
information to successfully
use their Cisco IP Phone.
See the “Setting Up User
Services” section on
page 6-8.
services.
about how to user their phone and
how to configure their phone
options.
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2
Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone
on Your Network
Cisco IP Phones enable you to communicate using voice over a data network. To
do this, the IP Phones depend upon and interact with several other key
Cisco IP Telephony components, including Cisco CallManager.
These sections provide you with an important overview of the interaction between
Cisco IP Phones and other key components of the Voice over IP (VoIP) network:
•
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products,
page 2-1
•
Understanding the Phone Startup Process, page 2-3
•
Guidelines for Configuring Ports on Cisco IP Phones, page 2-6
•
Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database, page 2-10
•
Configuring the Cisco IP Phone 7960 to Support the
7914 Expansion Module, page 2-15
Understanding Interactions with Other
Cisco IP Telephony Products
To function in the IP telephony network, the Cisco IP Phone must be connected
to a networking device, such as a Cisco Catalyst switch. You must also register
the Cisco IP Phone with a Cisco CallManager system in order to send and receive
calls.
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Chapter 2 Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on Your Network
Understanding Interactions with Other Cisco IP Telephony Products
This section covers the following topics:
•
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with Cisco CallManager,
page 2-2
•
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the Cisco Catalyst
Family of Switches, page 2-2
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with
Cisco CallManager
Cisco CallManager is an open and industry-standard call processing system.
Cisco CallManager software runs on a Windows 2000 server and sets up and tears
down calls between phones, integrating traditional PBX functionality with the
corporate IP network. Cisco CallManager manages the components of the IP
telephony system—the phones, access gateways, and the resources necessary for
such features as call conferencing and route planning.
For information about configuring Cisco CallManager to work with the IP
devices described in this chapter, refer to the Cisco CallManager Administration
Guide and the Cisco CallManager System Guide.
Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the
Cisco Catalyst Family of Switches
Cisco IP Phones have an internal Ethernet switch, enabling them to switch
incoming traffic to the phone, the access port, or to the network port (see the
“Connecting to the Network” section on page 2-6 for details).
If a computer is connected to the access port, data packets traveling to and from
the computer, and to and from the phone, share the same physical link to the
switch and the same port on the switch.
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Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on Your Network
Understanding the Phone Startup Process
This shared physical link has the following implications for the VLAN
configuration on the network:
•
The current VLANs might be configured on an IP subnet basis. However,
additional IP addresses might not be available to assign the phone to the same
subnet as other devices connected to the same port.
•
Data traffic present on the VLAN supporting phones might reduce the quality
of Voice-over-IP traffic.
You can resolve these issues by isolating the voice traffic onto a separate VLAN
on each of the ports connected to a phone. The switch port configured for
connecting a phone would have separate VLANs configured for carrying:
•
Voice traffic to and from the IP phone (auxiliary VLAN)
•
Data traffic to and from the PC connected to the switch through the access
port of the IP phone (native VLAN)
Isolating the phones on a separate, auxiliary VLAN increases the quality of the
voice traffic and allows a large number of phones to be added to an existing
network where there are not enough IP addresses.
For more information, refer to the documentation included with the
Cisco Catalyst switch.
Note
The Cisco IP Phone 7910 does not have an access port. If you require an access
port on this phone model, use the Cisco IP Phone 7910+SW instead.
Understanding the Phone Startup Process
When connecting to the VoIP network, the Cisco IP Phone goes through a
standard startup process comprised of seven steps. Some of these steps might not
occur, depending on the configuration of your specific network.
Each of these steps is described in the sections that follow:
•
Obtaining Power from the Switch, page 2-4
•
Loading the Stored Phone Image, page 2-4
•
Configuring VLAN, page 2-4
•
Obtaining an IP Address, page 2-4
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Chapter 2
Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on Your Network
Understanding the Phone Startup Process
•
Accessing TFTP Server, page 2-5
•
Requesting the Configuration File, page 2-5
•
Contacting Cisco CallManager, page 2-5
Obtaining Power from the Switch
You can connect the Cisco IP Phone to a Cisco Catalyst switch with one of the
modules that provides power to the phone (WS-X6348-RJ45V). See the
“Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone” section on page 2-7 for details.
If you use this optional configuration, the phone receives phantom power and
powers up when you connect the Cisco IP Phone to the switch. The phone then
sends Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) notifications to the switch indicating it is
ready to receive CDP packets and indicating the power requirement for the phone.
The switch allocates power and sends it over the network cable.
Loading the Stored Phone Image
The Cisco IP Phone has non-volatile Flash memory in which it stores firmware
images and user-defined preferences. At startup, the phone runs a bootstrap loader
that loads a phone image stored in Flash memory. Using this image, the phone
initializes its software and hardware.
Configuring VLAN
If the Cisco IP Phone is connected to a Cisco Catalyst switch, the switch next
informs the phone of the voice VLAN defined on the switch. The phone needs to
know its VLAN membership before it can proceed with the Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) request for an IP address.
Obtaining an IP Address
If the Cisco IP Phone is using DHCP to obtain an IP address, the phone queries
the DHCP server to obtain one. If you are not using DHCP in your network, you
must assign static IP addresses to each phone locally.
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Understanding the Phone Startup Process
Accessing TFTP Server
In addition to assigning an IP address, the DHCP server also directs the
Cisco IP Phone to a TFTP Server. If the phone has a statically defined IP address,
you must configure the TFTP server locally on the phone; the phone then goes to
the TFTP server directly.
Requesting the Configuration File
The TFTP server has configuration files (.cnf file format) for telephony devices,
which define parameters for connecting to Cisco CallManager. In general, any
time you make a change in Cisco CallManager that requires the phone (device) to
be reset, a change has been made to the phone's configuration file.
If a phone has an XML-compatible load, it requests a .XMLDefault.cnf.xml
format configuration file; otherwise, it requests a .cnf file.
If you have enabled auto-registration in Cisco CallManager, the phones access a
default configuration file (sepdefault.cnf.xml) from the TFTP server. If you have
manually entered the phones into the Cisco CallManager database, the phone
accesses a .cnf.xml file corresponding to its device name.
The .cnf.xml file also contains the information telling the phone which image load
it should be running. If this image load differs from the one currently loaded on
the phone, the phone contacts the TFTP server to request the new image file,
which is stored as a .bin file.
Contacting Cisco CallManager
The configuration file defines how the Cisco IP Phone communicates with
Cisco CallManager. After obtaining the file from the TFTP server, the phone next
attempts to make a TCP connection to the highest priority Cisco CallManager on
the list.
If the phone was manually added to the database, Cisco CallManager identifies
the phone. If the phone was not manually added to the database and
auto-registration is enabled in Cisco CallManager, the phone attempts to
auto-register itself in the Cisco CallManager database.
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on Cisco IP Phones
Cisco CallManager informs devices using .cnf format configuration files of their
load ID. Devices using .xml format configuration files receive the load ID in the
configuration file.
Guidelines for Configuring Ports on Cisco IP Phones
Cisco IP Phones include ports for connecting the phones to the network, for
providing power to the phones, and for adding headsets to the phones. These
sections provide tips for configuring these ports:
•
Connecting to the Network, page 2-6
•
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone, page 2-7
•
Configuring the Handset, Headset, and Speakerphone, page 2-8
Connecting to the Network
The Cisco IP Phones have two RJ-45 ports labelled “network” and “access.” Each
supports 10/100 Mbps half- or full-duplex connections to external devices. You
can use either Category 3 or 5 cabling for 10-Mbps connections, but you must use
Category 5 for 100 Mbps connections. On both the network port and access port,
use full-duplex mode to avoid collisions.
Note
The Cisco IP Phone 7910 does not have an access port. If you require an access
port on this phone model, use the Cisco IP Phone 7910+SW instead.
Refer to Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2 to see the connection ports available on the
back of the Cisco IP Phone models 7960/7940 and 7910.
Using the Network Port
Use the network port to connect the phone to the network. You must use a
straight-through cable on this port. The phone can also obtain inline power from
the Cisco Catalyst switch over this connection. See the “Providing Power to the
Cisco IP Phone” section on page 2-7 for details.
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on Cisco IP Phones
Using the Access Port
Use the access port to connect a network device, such as a computer, to the phone.
You must use a straight-through cable on this port.
Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone
You can power a Cisco IP Phone from an external power supply, from a switch
port, or from a power source between the phone and the switch.
The Cisco IP Phone can be powered by the following sources:
•
External power source—optional Cisco AC adapter and power cord for
connecting to a standard wall receptacle.
•
WS-X6348-RJ45V 10/100 switching module—inline power provider to the
Cisco IP Phone when connected to a Catalyst 6000 family 10/100BaseTX
switching module.
This module sends power on pins 1 & 2 and 3 & 6, which are also used to
transmit Ethernet signals. Before the switch sends power, it tests for the
presence of a Cisco IP Phone, avoiding damage to other Ethernet devices.
Note
•
Only the network port supports inline power from the Cisco
Catalyst switches.
WS-PWR-PANEL—power patch panel that allows the Cisco IP Phone to be
connected to existing Catalyst 4000, 5000, and 6000 family 10/100BaseTX
switching modules.
This module sends power on pins 4, 5, 7, & 8, which are not used for Ethernet
signaling. Like the inline power, the power patch panel also attempts to verify
that the attached device is a Cisco IP Phone before providing power.
Power Source Design
The phone and switch automatically determine which power source the phone
uses. If the power has to be switched to a different source, the phone user will
experience different results based on which power source is being used by the
phone.
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on Cisco IP Phones
Use the following information to choose a power source for the phone:
•
If you plug a phone into the optional power supply before plugging it into the
network, the phone is powered by the power supply.
•
If you then unplug the phone from the power supply, the phone resets. If the
switch port is configured for 10/100 Mbps, the switch recognizes the loss of
power and brings the phone back up.
•
If the switch port is configured for 10 Mbps only, then you must unplug the
network connection and plug it back into the phone for the switch to
recognize the phone’s loss of power.
•
If, however, you plugged the network connection into the phone before you
plugged in the power cord, the phone receives power through the switch, and
unplugging the power cord will not bring down the phone. If the switch
reboots, the phone will then be powered by the power cord.
Redundancy Feature
For redundancy, you can use the Cisco AC adapter even if you are using inline
power from the Cisco Catalyst switches. The Cisco IP Phone can share the power
load being used from the inline power and external power source. If either the
inline power or the external power goes down, the phone can switch entirely to
the other power source.
To use this redundancy feature:
1.
Set the inline power mode to auto on the Cisco Catalyst switch.
2.
Connect the unpowered Cisco IP Phone to the network.
3.
Connect the external power supply to the phone after the phone powers up.
Configuring the Handset, Headset, and Speakerphone
Cisco IP Phones enable you to connect a headset to them or use the built-in
speakerphone to make calls rather than the standard handset. These sections
provide you with additional information about configuring these options:
•
Connecting a Handset to a Cisco IP Phone, page 2-9
•
Connecting a Headset to a Cisco IP Phone, page 2-9
•
Disabling the Speakerphone Feature, page 2-10
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Guidelines for Configuring Ports on Cisco IP Phones
Connecting a Handset to a Cisco IP Phone
All Cisco IP Phones include a handset designed especially for use with a
Cisco IP Phone. These handsets are interchangeable among Cisco IP Phone
models. The handsets include a light strip used to indicate voice mail messages.
To place and answer calls using a handset, plug the included handset into the back
of the phone base (see the “Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network”
section on page 3-4 for details) and pick up the handset.
Connecting a Headset to a Cisco IP Phone
You can use a headset with any Cisco IP Phone. These sections help you
determine the headset supported by a particular Cisco IP Phone:
•
Using a Headset with a Cisco IP Phone Model 7960 or 7940, page 2-9
•
Using a Headset with a Cisco IP Phone 7910, page 2-10
Using a Headset with a Cisco IP Phone Model 7960 or 7940
To place and answer calls using a headset, plug an approved headset into the back
of the phone base (see the “Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network”
section on page 3-4 for details) and press the Headset button on the front of your
phone.
You can use the headset in conjunction with all of the features on your
Cisco IP Phone, including the Volume and Mute buttons. Use these buttons to
adjust the ear piece volume and to mute the speech path from the headset
microphone.
The Cisco IP Phone models 7960 and 7940 support four- or six-wire headset
jacks. For information on the exact models supported, see the following URLs:
•
http://cisco.getheadsets.com
•
http://vxicorp.com/cisco
To disable the headset on these models, choose Device > Phone from the Cisco
CallManager Administration application and locate the phone you want to
modify. Check the Disable Speakerphone and Headset check box to disable the
speakerphone for the phone you have selected.
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Using a Headset with a Cisco IP Phone 7910
The Cisco IP Phone 7910 does not have a separate headset jack. However, you can
use a headset in place of the handset. You can use industry-standard headsets,
such as Plantronics M-12 amplified headsets or other headsets that provide switch
capability between the headset and handset.
Disabling the Speakerphone Feature
By default, the speakerphone is enabled on Cisco IP Phones. However, you can
disable it on Cisco IP Phone models 7960 and 7940.
To disable the speakerphone on these models, choose Device > Phone from the
Cisco CallManager Administration application and locate the phone you want to
modify. Check the Disable Speakerphone check box to disable the speakerphone
for the phone you have selected.
Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Before installing any Cisco IP phones, you must make decisions about how you
want the phones to be added to the Cisco CallManager database. Because
Cisco CallManager handles call processing in the network, this is a critical step.
You can add phones to the Cisco CallManager database automatically using
auto-registration, manually using the Cisco CallManager Administration
application, or in groups with the Bulk Administration Tool (BAT).
Once you add a Cisco IP phone using the Cisco CallManager Administration
application, the Phone Configuration Window in the application displays the
device name, registration status, and the IP address of the Cisco CallManager to
which the device is registered.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Using Auto-Registration, page 2-11
•
Adding Phones Manually, page 2-12
•
Using the Bulk Administration Tool, page 2-15
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Tip
To get help using the Cisco CallManager application, access context-sensitive
help by choosing Help > For this screen from the main menu bar. For
complete instructions and conceptual information, refer to the
Cisco CallManager Administration Guide and the Cisco CallManager System
Guide.
Using Auto-Registration
Use auto-registration if you want Cisco CallManager to assign directory numbers
automatically to new phones as they connect to the IP telephony network. Once a
phone has auto-registered, you can move it to a new location and assign it to a
different device pool without affecting its directory number.
With auto-registration enabled, Cisco CallManager begins the automatic startup
process to obtain a directory number as soon as you connect the Cisco IP Phone
to the network. During auto-registration, Cisco CallManager automatically
assigns the next available sequential directory number to the phone.
Use auto-registration to quickly get all phones into the Cisco CallManager
database. You can then modify any settings, such as the directory numbers, from
Cisco CallManager. If you do not use auto-registration, you must manually add
phones to the Cisco CallManager database or use the Bulk Administration Tool
(BAT).
Use the following procedure as a starting point to enable auto-registration using
the Cisco CallManager Administration application. For additional information,
access context-sensitive help from the application or refer to Cisco CallManager
documentation.
Procedure
Step 1
Log in to the Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Step 2
From the menu bar, choose System > Cisco CallManager.
The Cisco CallManager Configuration window appears.
Step 3
Verify that the “Auto-registration disabled on this Cisco CallManager” setting is
not checked. Cisco CallManager disables the auto-registration by default to
prevent unauthorized connections to the network.
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Step 4
To modify phone settings, choose Device > Phone. Use the Find and List Phones
window to enter search criteria for each phone.
Step 5
Install the phone by following the instructions in Chapter 3, “Installing the
Cisco IP Phone.”
Step 6
To configure additional phone features, see the “Configuring Cisco IP Phones in
Cisco CallManager” section on page 6-2 for details.
Adding Phones Manually
If you want to assign specific directory numbers to a specific Cisco IP Phone
without using auto-registration, you can manually add each phone to the
Cisco CallManager database or use the Bulk Administration Tool (BAT).
If you want to add phones manually, and are not using Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) in your network, then you must configure the IP
settings and Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server locally on each phone.
Alternatively, if you use DHCP, but want to manually set the TFTP server, then
allow the phone to start up, using DHCP, before re-assigning the TFTP server.
Refer to these topics for more information:
•
Adding Phones Manually Using DHCP, page 2-12
•
Assigning Static IP Addresses, page 2-13
Adding Phones Manually Using DHCP
If you are using DHCP in your network, but you are not using auto-registration,
you can manually add a phone to the Cisco CallManager database. If you are
using DHCP, you do not need to assign IP addresses or TFTP servers.
Use the following procedure as a starting point to add phones manually using the
Cisco CallManager Administration application.
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Procedure
Step 1
Log in to the Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Step 2
From the menu bar, choose Device > Add a New Device.
The Add a New Device window appears.
Step 3
Select Phone from the Device Type drop-down menu and click Next.
The Add a New Phone window appears.
Step 4
Select a phone type from the drop-down menu and click Next.
The Phone Configuration window appears. The fields displayed in this window
depend upon the phone type selected.
Step 5
Step 6
In the Phone Configuration window, you must enter information in the following
three fields:
•
MAC Address
•
Device Pool
•
Phone Button Template
Click Insert.
The Cisco CallManager Administration application asks if you want to assign a
directory number.
Step 7
To configure additional phone features, see the “Configuring Cisco IP Phones in
Cisco CallManager” section on page 6-2 for details.
For additional information, access context-sensitive help from the application or
refer to Cisco CallManager documentation.
Assigning Static IP Addresses
If you do not use DHCP in your network, you must assign static IP addresses to
each phone. You must configure each phone locally.
Use the following procedure as a starting point to add phones manually using the
Cisco CallManager Administration application.
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Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager Database
Procedure
Step 1
Log in to the Cisco CallManager Administration application.
Step 2
From the menu bar, choose Device > Add a New Device.
The Add a New Device window appears.
Step 3
Select Phone from the Device Type drop-down menu and click Next.
The Add a New Phone window appears.
Step 4
Select a phone type from the drop-down menu and click Next.
The Phone Configuration window appears. The fields displayed in this window
depend upon the phone type selected.
Step 5
Step 6
In the Phone Configuration window, you must enter information in the following
three fields:
•
MAC Address
•
Device Pool
•
Phone Button Template
Click Insert.
The Cisco CallManager Administration application asks if you want to assign a
directory number.
Step 7
Enter the required fields.
Step 8
Install the phone by following the instructions in the Chapter 3, “Installing the
Cisco IP Phone.”
Step 9
Configure the IP settings by following the instructions in the “Configuring IP
Settings” section on page 5-14.
Step 10
Configure the TFTP server by following the instructions in the “Configuring
TFTP Options” section on page 5-21.
Step 11
To configure additional phone features, see the “Configuring Cisco IP Phones in
Cisco CallManager” section on page 6-2 for details.
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Configuring the Cisco IP Phone 7960 to Support the 7914 Expansion Module
Using the Bulk Administration Tool
The Cisco Bulk Administration Tool (BAT) is a plug-in application for
Cisco CallManager that enables system administrators to perform batch
operations, including registration, on large numbers of Cisco IP Phones.
Refer to the Bulk Administration Tool Guide for Cisco CallManager for
information about using BAT in your network.
Configuring the Cisco IP Phone 7960 to Support the
7914 Expansion Module
The Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module attaches to a Cisco IP Phone 7960
to extend the number or line appearances and/or speed dial buttons.
Before the 7914 Expansion Module can be used, you must access the
Cisco CallManager Administration application. Use the application to perform
the tasks detailed in the following sections:
Follow these steps to configure the Cisco IP Phone 7960 to support the
7914 Expansion Module.
Before You Begin
You might also want to customize the button templates for the
7914 Expansion Module. See the “Modifying Phone Button Templates” section
on page 6-5 for details.
Procedure
Step 1
Log in to the Cisco CallManager Administration application.
The Cisco CallManager Administration page appears.
Step 2
From the menu, choose Device > Phone.
The Find and List Phone page appears. You can search for one or more phones
that you want to configure for the 7914 Expansion Module.
Step 3
Select and enter your search criteria and click Find.
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Configuring the Cisco IP Phone 7960 to Support the 7914 Expansion Module
The Find and List Phone page re-displays showing a list of the phones matching
your search criteria.
Step 4
Click on the IP Phone that you want to configure for the 7914 Expansion Module.
The Phone Configuration page appears.
Step 5
Scroll down to the Phone Button and Expansion Module Template Information
section of the page.
Step 6
To add support for one Expansion Module, in the Expansion Module 1 field,
select Default 7914.
To add support for a second Expansion Module, in the Expansion Module 2 field,
select Default 7914.
In the Firmware Load Information section of the page, there are two fields for
specifying the firmware load for Expansion Modules 1 and 2. You can leave these
fields blank to use the default firmware load.
Step 7
Scroll back to the top of the page and click Update.
A message displays asking you to reset the phone for the changes to take effect.
Click OK.
Step 8
Note
Click Reset Phone for the changes to take effect.
Make sure you tell your users how to access their IP Phone User Options
application Web pages so that they can subscribe to the Speed Dial Service and
set up the speed dial buttons on their Expansion Modules. See the “Providing
Information to End Users” section on page 6-9 for more details.
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3
Installing the Cisco IP Phone
These topics help you install the Cisco IP Phone on an IP telephony network:
Note
•
Before You Begin, page 3-1
•
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network, page 3-4
•
Adjusting Placement of the Cisco IP Phone, page 3-7
•
Verifying the Phone Startup Process, page 3-9
•
Configuring Startup Network Settings, page 3-10
For each Cisco IP phone that you install in your network, you must first make
some critical decisions about how to configure the phone in your network. You
can then safely install the phone and verify its functionality. For information on
preparing to install, see Chapter 2, “Preparing to Install the Cisco IP Phone on
Your Network.”.
Before You Begin
Before installing a Cisco IP Phone, verify that your network meets the
requirements and that Cisco CallManager is properly configured. Most
importantly, review the safety precautions. See the “Safety” section on page 3-3
for more details.
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Installing the Cisco IP Phone
Before You Begin
Before installing the Cisco IP Phone, review the requirements in these sections:
•
Network Requirements, page 3-2
•
Cisco CallManager Configuration, page 3-2
•
Safety, page 3-3
Network Requirements
For the Cisco IP Phone to successfully operate as a Cisco IP Phone endpoint in
your network, your network must meet the following requirements:
•
Working VoIP Network
– Voice over IP (VoIP) configured on your Cisco routers and gateways
– Cisco CallManager Release 3.0 or higher installed in your network and
configured to handle call processing
•
IP network that supports DHCP or manual assignment of IP address, gateway,
and subnet mask
Cisco CallManager Configuration
The Cisco IP Phone requires Cisco CallManager to handle call processing. Refer
to the Cisco CallManager Administration Guide or context-sensitive help in the
Cisco CallManager application to ensure that Cisco CallManager is set up
properly to manage the phone and to properly route and process calls.
If you plan to use auto-registration, verify that it is enabled and properly
configured in Cisco CallManager before connecting any Cisco IP Phone to the
network. See the “Using Auto-Registration” section on page 2-11 for details.
In Cisco CallManager, you can add users to the database and associate them with
specific phones. By doing this, users gain access to web pages that allow them to
configure phone options such as call forwarding, speed dialing, and voice mail.
See the “Adding Users to Cisco CallManager” section on page 6-5 for details.
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Before You Begin
Safety
Review the following warnings before installing the Cisco IP Phone.
Warning
Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power
source.
Warning
Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or
service this equipment.
Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national
laws and regulations.
Warning
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of
lightning activity.
Warning
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuits
to telephone network voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits,
and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45
connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
The following warning applies when you use an external power supply.
Warning
This product relies on the building's installation for short-circuit (overcurrent)
protection. Ensure that a fuse or circuit breaker no larger than 120 VAC, 15 A
U.S. (240 VAC, 10 A international) is used on the phase conductors (all
current-carrying conductors).
Warning
The device is designed to work with TN power systems.
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Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
Warning
The plug-socket combination must be accessible at all times because it serves
as the main disconnecting device.
Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
You must connect the Cisco IP Phone to the network and to a power source before
using it. Refer to Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2 for graphical overviews of the
procedures that follow.
To install a Cisco IP Phone, perform these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Connect a Category 3 or 5 straight-through Ethernet cable from the switch to the
network port on the phone.
See the “Connecting to the Network” section on page 2-6 for guidelines. Each
Cisco IP Phone ships with one Ethernet cable in the box.
Step 2
Connect the handset and headset to their respective ports.
See the “Connecting a Headset to a Cisco IP Phone” section on page 2-9 for
supported headsets.
Step 3
Connect a Category 3 or 5 straight-through Ethernet cable from another network
device, such as a desktop computer, to the access port on the phone (optional).
See the “Connecting to the Network” section on page 2-6 for guidelines.
Note
Step 4
This option is not available on all Cisco IP Phone 7910 models. There are
two versions of this phone and their only distinction is whether the access
port is present. The Cisco IP Phone 7910+SW has an access port, and the
Cisco IP Phone 7910 does not.
Connect the power plug to the Cisco AC Adapter port (optional).
See the “Providing Power to the Cisco IP Phone” section on page 2-7.
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Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
Figure 3-1
Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940 Cable Connections
1
RS232
10/100 SW
10/100 PC
+
DC48V
7
2
6
3
58670
5
4
1
AC adapter port (DC48V)
5
Access port (10/100 PC)
2
Power supply with AC adapter port plug
6
Handset port
3
Power cable with wall socket plug
7
Headset port
4
Network port (10/100 SW)
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Connecting the Cisco IP Phone to the Network
Figure 3-2
Cisco IP Phone Model 7910 Cable Connections
1
RS232
10/100 SW
10/100 PC
+
DC48V
6
2
3
63273
5
4
1
AC adapter port (DC48V)
4
2
Power supply with AC adapter port plug 5
3
Power cable with wall socket plug
6
Network port (10/100 SW)
Access port (10/100 PC)
Handset port
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Adjusting Placement of the Cisco IP Phone
Adjusting Placement of the Cisco IP Phone
The Cisco IP Phone includes an adjustable footstand. When placing the phone on
a desktop surface, you can adjust the tilt height to several different angles in 7.5
degree increments from flat to 60 degrees. You can also mount the phone to the
wall using the footstand or using the optional locking accessory.
Adjusting Cisco IP Phone Placement on the Desktop
Adjust the footstand to the height that provides optimum viewing of the LCD
screen.
Procedure
Step 1
Push in the footstand adjustment knob.
Step 2
Adjust the footstand to desired height.
Mounting the Phone to the Wall
You can mount the Cisco IP Phone on the wall using the footstand as a mounting
bracket, or you can use special brackets available in a Cisco IP Phone wall mount
kit. (A wall mount kit must be ordered separately from the phone.) If you attach
the Cisco IP Phone to a wall using the standard footstand and not the wall mount
kit, you need to supply the following tools and parts:
•
Screwdriver
•
Screws to secure the Cisco IP phone to the wall
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Adjusting Placement of the Cisco IP Phone
Use the following procedure to mount the phone on the wall using the standard
footstand. Refer to Figure 3-3 for a graphical overview of these procedures.
Before You Begin
To ensure that the handset attaches securely to a wall-mounted phone, remove the
handset wall hook from the handset rest, rotate the hook 180 degrees, and reinsert
the hook. Turning the hook exposes a lip on which the handset catches when the
phone is vertical. For an illustrated procedure, see Installing the Wall Mount Kit
for the Cisco IP Phone.
Procedure
Step 1
Push in the footstand adjustment knob.
Step 2
Adjust the footstand so it is flat against the back of the phone.
Step 3
Modify the handset rest so that the handset remains on the ear-piece rest when the
phone is vertically placed.
Step 4
a.
Remove the handset from the ear-piece rest.
b.
Locate the tab (handset wall hook) at the base of the ear-piece rest.
c.
Slide this tab out, rotate it 180 degrees (left to right), and reinsert it.
d.
Place the handset on the ear-piece rest.
Insert two screws into a wall stud, matching them to the two screw holes on the
back of the footstand.
The keyholes fit standard phone jack mounts.
Step 5
Hang the phone on the wall.
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Verifying the Phone Startup Process
Parts Used in Wall Mounting the Cisco IP Phone
1
2
3
2
63274
Figure 3-3
1
Footstand adjustment knob—Raises and lowers adjustment plate
2
Wall mounting screw holes
3
Adjustment plate—Raises and lowers phone vertically
Verifying the Phone Startup Process
After the Cisco IP Phone has power connected to it, the phone begins its startup
process by cycling through these steps:
1.
These buttons flash on and off in sequence:
– Headset (on Cisco IP Phone models 7960 and 7940 only)
– Mute
– Speaker
2.
The LCD screen displays the Cisco Systems, Inc., copyright screen.
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Configuring Startup Network Settings
3.
These messages display as phone starts up:
– Configuring VLAN
– Configuring IP
– Configuring CM List
– Connecting
– Registering
– Requesting Template
4.
The main LCD screen displays:
– The date and time
– Primary directory number
– Soft keys (on Cisco IP Phone models 7960 and 7940 only)
If the phone successfully passes through these stages, it has started up properly.
Otherwise, refer to the “Resolving Startup Problems” section on page 7-15.
Configuring Startup Network Settings
If you are not using DHCP in your network, you must configure these network
settings on the Cisco IP Phone after installing the phone on the network:
•
IP address
•
IP subnet mask
•
Default gateway IP address
•
Domain name
•
DNS server IP address
•
TFTP server IP address
Collect this information and follow the procedures defined in Chapter 5,
“Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone.”
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4
Adding the Cisco IP Phone 7914
Expansion Module
The Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module attaches to the
Cisco IP Phone 7960 and extends its functionality by adding 14 line appearances
and/or speed dial numbers per module. One or two Expansion Modules can be
attached to your IP Phone. One Expansion Module provides a total of 20 line
and/or speed dial numbers. Two Expansion Modules provide a total of 34 line
and/or speed dial buttons, as shown in Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-1
Cisco IP Phone 7960 with Two Expansion Modules
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Installing the 7914 Expansion Module
Installing the 7914 Expansion Module
These sections describe how to install the Expansion Module:
•
Before You Begin, page 4-2
•
Connecting the 7914 Expansion Module, page 4-4
•
Start Up Sequence, page 4-14
Before You Begin
Before you begin the installation of the Cisco 7914 Expansion Module, read all
of the following topics in this section:
•
Package List, page 4-2
•
Footstand Kits, page 4-2
•
Additional Equipment, page 4-3
•
Safety Notices, page 4-3
Package List
Make sure that you have received all of the following parts in your package:
•
One Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module
•
One RS 232 cable
•
One Quick Start Guide
•
One Warranty Card
Footstand Kits
In addition to the package list items, you will also need a Footstand Kit (separate
orderable item). If you are attaching one 7914 Expansion Module, you need to
have the single Footstand Kit. If you are attaching two 7914 Expansion Modules,
you need to have the double Footstand Kit.
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Each Footstand Kit contains:
•
One support bar (single with one thumb screw, or double with two thumb
screws)
•
One footstand
Additional Equipment
You will need to have the following additional equipment.
•
Small flat head screwdriver—for use during the installation
•
Power supply unit—depending on how many Expansion Modules you are
installing and how your Cisco IP Phone 7960 is powered, you will require
power supply unit(s) as follows:
Power over the Ethernet to your
Cisco IP Phone 7960
With one or two Expansion Modules, you need a power supply
unit (separate orderable item).
Local power to your
Cisco IP Phone 7960
With one Expansion Module, no power supply unit needed.
Note
With two Expansion Modules, you need a power supply unit
(separate orderable item).
Use of a non-Cisco certified power supply unit may not work and will void the
7914 Expansion Module product warranty.
Safety Notices
These are the safety considerations for using the 7914 Expansion Module. Read
these notices before you install or use the 7914 Expansion Module.
Warning
This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause
bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards
involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with standard practices for
preventing accidents.
Warning
Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power
source.
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Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national
laws and regulations.
Warning
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of
lightning activity.
Warning
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuits
to telephone network voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits,
and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports use RJ-45
connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
The following warnings apply when you use the external power supply with the
7914 Expansion Module:
Warning
This product relies on the building's installation for short-circuit (over current)
protection. Ensure that a fuse or circuit breaker no larger than 120 VAC, 15A U.S.
(240 VAC, 10A international) is used on the phase conductors (all
current-carrying conductors).
Warning
The device is designed to work with TN power systems.
Connecting the 7914 Expansion Module
To connect the 7914 Expansion Module, you need to perform the following
procedures. Each procedure corresponds to a section that contains detailed
instructions and illustrations:
•
Removing the Footstand from the Cisco IP Phone 7960, page 4-5
•
Connecting the Support Bar to the Cisco IP Phone 7960, page 4-6
•
Connecting the 7914 Expansion Module to the Support Bar, page 4-7
•
Connecting the RS 232 Cable, page 4-9
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Note
•
Connecting the Power Supply, page 4-11
•
Connecting the Footstand, page 4-12
To ensure a successful installation of the 7914 Expansion Module, make sure you
have read the entire “Before You Begin” section on page 4-2.
Removing the Footstand from the Cisco IP Phone 7960
To remove the footstand from the IP Phone 7960 to which you are attaching the
7914 Expansion Module, follow these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Unplug the Cisco IP Phone 7960 network and power connections.
Step 2
Unplug the handset, and headset (if one is attached to the phone).
Step 3
Turn the Cisco IP Phone 7960 over and lay it on a protected flat surface to prevent
it from being scratched.
Step 4
On the footstand, locate the two foot pins.
Step 5
Using a flat head screwdriver, carefully push away from your body on one of the
foot pins to release it. Then carefully push away from your body on the other foot
pin to release it. Push the pins as illustrated in Figure 4-2.
Note
Step 6
You may have to lift and hold the IP Phone to support it when pushing the
foot pins.
Lift off the footstand and store it separately.
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Foot Pins on the Cisco IP Phone 7960
63147
Figure 4-2
Connecting the Support Bar to the Cisco IP Phone 7960
To connect the support bar to the Cisco IP Phone 7960, follow these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Position the support bar on the back of the IP Phone so that it fits flush with the
phone.
Step 2
Locate the two connector pins, as illustrated in Figure 4-3.
Step 3
Using a flat head screwdriver, carefully push each of the connector pins so that
the support bar is firmly fastened to the IP Phone.
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Figure 4-3
Connector Pins on the Support Bar
Connecting the 7914 Expansion Module to the Support Bar
To connect the Expansion Module to the support bar, follow these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Position the phone so that the front of the phone is facing up.
Step 2
Line up the two open slots on the bottom of the 7914 Expansion Module with the
two hooks on the support bar. Insert the hooks into the slots and then rotate the
top of the 7914 Expansion Module into the support bar so that it rests flush with
the bar.
Step 3
Tighten the thumb screw on the back of the 7914 Expansion Module.
Note
If you are installing two Expansion Modules, repeat Steps 2 and 3 for the second
Expansion Module.
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Figure 4-4
Part Connections on the Expansion Module and Support Bar
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Figure 4-5
Thumb Screw Connections
1
Slots on the 7914 Expansion Module
2
Hooks on the support bar
3
Insert and rotate the Expansion Module into the support bar
4
Tighten the thumb screws
Connecting the RS 232 Cable
To connect the RS 232 cable, follow these steps, and refer to the following table,
which depicts the “in” and “out” icons on the RS 232 jacks.
In icon
Out icon
Procedure
Step 1
Plug one end of the RS 232 cable into the jack labeled RS 232 on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960, as shown in Figure 4-6.
Step 2
Plug the other end of the RS 232 cable into the RS 232 jack with the “in” icon
underneath on the 7914 Expansion Module.
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Note
If you are installing a second 7914 Expansion Module, continue with Steps 3 and
4. Otherwise go to the “Connecting the Power Supply” section on page 4-11.
Refer to Figure 4-6 for an illustration of cable connections.
Step 3
Plug one end of the second RS 232 cable into the RS 232 jack with the “out” icon
underneath on the 1st Expansion Module.
Step 4
Plug the other end of the second RS 232 cable into the RS 232 jack with the “in”
icon underneath on the 2nd Expansion Module.
Figure 4-6
Cable Connections with Two Expansion Modules
1
RS 232 cable connection to the RS 232 jack on the IP Phone
2
RS 232 cable connection to the RS 232 jack on Expansion Module 1
3
2nd RS 232 cable connection to the RS 232 jack on Expansion Module 1
4
2nd RS 232 cable connection to the RS 232 jack on Expansion Module 2
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Connecting the Power Supply
To connect the power supply, follow these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Depending on how your Cisco IP Phone 7960 is powered, perform one of the
following actions:
•
If your Cisco IP Phone 7960 is powered over the Ethernet and:
– you have one Expansion Module, then connect the power supply unit to
the AC adaptor port on the Expansion Module and plug the other end into
a standard electrical power outlet in the wall.
or
– you have two Expansion Modules, then connect the power supply unit to
the AC adaptor port on the Expansion Module closest to the IP Phone
and plug the other end into a standard electrical power outlet in the wall.
•
If your Cisco IP Phone 7960 is powered with a power supply unit and:
– you have one Expansion Module, then reconnect the original IP Phone
power supply unit to the AC adaptor port on the IP Phone and plug the
other end into a standard electrical power outlet in the wall.
or
– you have two Expansion Modules, then connect a second power supply
unit to the AC adaptor port on the Expansion Module closest to the
IP Phone and plug the other end into a standard electrical power outlet in
the wall.
Step 2
Reconnect the Cisco IP Phone 7960 handset and network connections.
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Figure 4-7
1
Power Supply Connector Port
Power supply connector plugged in to the power supply
port on the back of the Expansion Module
Connecting the Footstand
To connect the footstand to the support bar, follow these steps.
Procedure
Step 1
Locate the three hooks on the footstand.
Step 2
Position the hooks so that they align with the two open slots on the support bar.
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Note
Step 3
Note: There are four positions in each of the three sets of open slots on the support
bar. This lets you choose the angle of the footstand.
Insert the footstand hooks into the support bar and push in slightly to make the
connection.
Figure 4-8
Part Connections on the Footstand and Support Bar
1
Slots on the support bar
2
Hooks on the footstand
3
Insert and rotate footstand to connect to support bar
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Installing the 7914 Expansion Module
Start Up Sequence
After the 7914 Expansion Module is installed, upon startup the lighted buttons are
all steady red. Then the LCD screen refreshes and the lighted buttons are all off
and any line appearances are displayed in the LCD screen. You can then start
using the Expansion Module.
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5
Configuring Network Settings on the
Cisco IP Phone
Because the Cisco IP Phone is a network device, it includes many configurable
network settings. You must configure many of these options before the phone is
accessible and functional for your users.
The following sections provide details about configuring and verifying these
network settings:
•
Accessing the Network Configuration Settings, page 5-2
•
Verifying Network Settings, page 5-3
•
Modifying DHCP Settings, page 5-9
•
Configuring IP Settings, page 5-14
•
Configuring VLAN Settings, page 5-20
•
Configuring TFTP Options, page 5-21
•
Configuring Ports, page 5-25
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Accessing the Network Configuration Settings
Accessing the Network Configuration Settings
By default, the network configuration options are locked to prevent users from
making changes that could impact their network connectivity. You must unlock
the network configuration options before you can configure them.
The unlocked padlock icon, shown below, appears in the margins of this chapter
to indicate procedures that require you to unlock settings before modifying them.
The padlock icon also appears in the Network Configuration area of the
Cisco IP Phone LCD screen to indicate that settings are unlocked and accessible
for modification.
When settings are inaccessible, you can see an image of a locked padlock on the
LCD screen. After you make the necessary changes to the network configuration
settings, be sure to lock the settings again to prevent users from modifying them.
Follow these steps to view the padlock icon and to modify network settings:
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press **#
This step either locks or unlocks the options, depending on the previous state.
Continue with Step 2 to view the padlock icon.
Step 2
Press settings.
Step 3
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 4
Press the Select soft key.
Step 5
Look at the upper-right portion of your LCD.
•
Locked—The icon displays a locked padlock.
•
Unlocked—The icon displays an unlocked padlock.
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Verifying Network Settings
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press **#
This step either locks or unlocks the options, depending on the previous state.
Continue with Step 2 to view the padlock icon.
Step 2
Press settings.
Step 3
Select 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 4
Look at the upper-right portion of your LCD.
•
Locked—The icon displays a locked padlock.
•
Unlocked—The icon displays an unlocked padlock.
Verifying Network Settings
The Cisco IP Phone displays detailed information about its current network
settings. Use this information to troubleshoot or to make modifications.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll through the options to display the settings described in Table 5-1.
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Verifying Network Settings
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 3 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Scroll through the options to display the settings described in Table 5-1.
If the Cisco IP Phone 7910 is locked, only the configured options in Table 5-1
appear. When the phone is unlocked, all options display.
Table 5-1
Network Settings
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
DHCP Server
Displays IP address of the Dynamic
Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
server that the phone used to obtain IP
address.
See the “Modifying DHCP
Settings” section on page 5-9.
BootP Server
Indicates whether the phone obtained its
IP configuration from a Bootstrap
Protocol (BootP) server rather than a
DHCP server.
•
Displays Yes or No.
•
Cannot be configured.
MAC Address
Identifies the unique Media Access
Control (MAC) address of the phone.
Cannot configure.
Host Name
Identifies the unique host name assigned Obtained from the DHCP server.
to the phone.
Domain Name
Identifies the name of the Domain Name See the “Assigning Domain
System (DNS) domain in which the
Name” section on page 5-18.
phone resides.
IP Address
Indicates the Internet Protocol (IP)
address of the phone.
See the “Assigning an IP Address”
section on page 5-14.
Subnet Mask
Indicates the subnet mask used by the
phone.
See the “Assigning Subnet Mask”
section on page 5-17.
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Table 5-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
TFTP Server 1
Indicates the primary Trivial File
See the “Assigning a TFTP Sever”
Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server used by section on page 5-21.
the phone to obtain configuration files.
Default Routers 1-5
Identifies the default gateway used by
the phone.
See the “Assigning Default
Router” section on page 5-15.
DNS Servers 1-5
Indicates the Domain Name System
(DNS) server used by the phone to
resolve the host name of the TFTP
server, Cisco CallManager system and
web server host names.
See the “Assigning DNS Servers”
section on page 5-19.
Operational VLAN
Obtained via Cisco Discovery
Indicates the auxiliary Virtual Local
Area Network (VLAN) configured on a Protocol (CDP) from the switch to
which the phone is attached.
Cisco Catalyst switch in which the
phone is a member.
If the phone has not received an
auxiliary VLAN, then the operational
VLAN reflects the Administrative
VLAN.
If neither the auxiliary VLAN nor the
Administrative VLAN are configured,
then the Operational VLAN field is
blank.
Administrative VLAN
Indicates the auxiliary VLAN in which
the phone is a member.
See the “Configuring VLAN
Settings” section on page 5-20.
Used only if the phone does not receive
an auxiliary VLAN from the switch.
The Administrative VLAN is ignored if
an auxiliary VLAN is obtained from the
switch.
CallManager 1-5
Identifies the Cisco CallManager
Cannot configure locally. Use
systems that are available for processing Cisco CallManager to modify.
calls from this phone.
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Table 5-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
Information URL
Specifies the location (UL) of the help
text for the information (?) button.
Available only on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
Directories URL
Specifies the server from which the
phone obtains directory information.
Available only on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
Messages URL
Specifies the message services URL.
Available only on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
Services URL
Specifies the location (URL) for
Cisco IP Phone Services.
Available only on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
DHCP Enabled
Indicates whether DHCP is being used
by the phone.
See the “Modifying DHCP
Settings” section on page 5-9.
DHCP Address
Released
Allows the IP-address assigned by
DHCP to be released.
See the “Releasing a DHCP
Address” section on page 5-12.
Alternative TFTP
Indicates whether the phone is using an See the “Using an Alternate TFTP
alternative TFTP server.
Server” section on page 5-23.
Erase configuration
Allows you to erase all locally-assigned See the “Erasing Local
settings on the phone and reset values to Configuration” section on
the default settings.
page 7-13.
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Table 5-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
Forwarding Delay
Indicates whether the internal switch
begins forwarding packets between the
PC port and switch (SW) port on your
phone when your the PC port becomes
active.
Displays Yes or No.
When set to No, the internal
switch begins forwarding packets
immediately. When set to Yes, the
internal switch waits 8 seconds
before forwarding packets
between the PC Port and the SW
Port.
Set the Forwarding Delay to Yes
if you connect both ports to
switches for redundant uplinks or
daisy chain phones together.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
Idle URL
Idle URL Time
Specifies the URL that the phone
displays when the phone has not been
used for the time specified in Idle URL
Timer setting. For example, your
administrator can display a logo on the
LCD when the phone has not been used
for 5 minutes.
Available only on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
Displays the amount of time (in
seconds) that elapses before the URL
specified in the Idle URL setting
displays.
Available only on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
Authentication URL
Displays the URL that the phone uses to Available only on the
validate requests made to the phone web Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
server.
Cannot configure locally. Use
Cisco CallManager to modify.
Proxy Server URL
Specifies the host and port used to proxy Available only on the
HTTP requests for access to non-local Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940.
host addresses from the phone HTTP
Cannot configure locally. Use
client.
Cisco CallManager to modify.
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Table 5-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
PC Port Disabled
Cannot configure locally. Use
Indicates whether the PC port on the
phone is enabled or disabled. The port is Cisco CallManager to modify.
labeled “10/100 PC” on the back of the
phone and is used to connect a PC or
workstation to the phone so that they can
share a single network connection.
SW Port Configuration
Indicates the speed and duplex of the
switch port. Valid values are: A (auto
negotiate), 10H (10BASE-T/half
duplex), 10F (10BASE-T /full duplex),
100H (100BASE-T /half duplex), or
100F (100BASE-T /full duplex).
PC Port Configuration
Indicates the speed and duplex of the PC This parameter is configured at
the phone. See “Configuring the
port. Valid values are: A (auto
PC Port” section on page 5-27.
negotiate), 10H (10BASE-T /half
duplex), 10F (10BASE-T /full duplex),
100H (100BASE-T/half duplex), or
100F (100BASE-T/full duplex).
TFTP Server 2
Displays the IP address of the backup
TFTP server. This server is used to
obtain configuration files and software
upgrades if the primary TFTP server is
unavailable.
User Locale
Identifies the locale associated with the Cannot configure locally. Use
phone user. The user locale identifies a Cisco CallManager to modify.
set of detailed information to support
users, including language, font, date and
time formatting, and alphanumeric
keyboard text information.
This parameter is configured at
the phone. See “Configuring the
SW Port” section on page 5-26.
See the “Assigning a Backup
TFTP Server” section on
page 5-24.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying DHCP Settings
Table 5-1
Network Settings (continued)
Network Setting
Description
Usage Notes
Network Locale
Identifies the locale associate with the Cannot configure locally. Use
phone. The network locale identifies a Cisco CallManager to modify.
set of detailed information to support the
hardware in a specific location. The
network locale contains a definition of
the tones and cadences used by the
phone in a specific geographic area.
Handset Only Mode
Indicates that the headset and speaker
are disabled.
Informational only. See the
“Configuring the Handset,
Headset, and Speakerphone”
section on page 2-8 for additional
information.
Modifying DHCP Settings
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) automatically assigns IP
addresses to devices when you connect them to the network. This section provides
information about enabling DHCP and releasing a DHCP-assigned IP address in
the following topics:
•
Enabling DHCP, page 5-10
•
Disabling DHCP, page 5-11
•
Releasing a DHCP Address, page 5-12
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying DHCP Settings
Enabling DHCP
Cisco IP Phones enable DHCP by default, but you can reset the protocol if it
becomes disabled.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to DHCP Enabled.
If DHCP is disabled, the option displays as
DHCP Enabled NO
Step 5
Press the Yes soft key to enable DHCP.
Step 6
Press Save.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 3 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select DHCP Enabled.
If DHCP is disabled, the option displays as
DHCP Enabled
NO
Step 4
Press * to edit.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying DHCP Settings
Step 5
Use the down volume key to select Yes.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Disabling DHCP
If you do not use DHCP in your network, use this procedure to disable DHCP
before manually assigning IP addresses to Cisco IP phones.
Note
Procedures involved in configuring IP settings or TFTP options cannot be
completed when DHCP is enabled in your network.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select to Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to DHCP Enabled.
If DHCP is enabled, the option displays as
DHCP Enabled YES
Step 5
Press the No soft key to disable DHCP.
Step 6
Enter the IP settings as described in “Configuring IP Settings” section on
page 5-14.
Step 7
Press Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Modifying DHCP Settings
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select DHCP Enabled.
If DHCP is enabled, the option displays as
DHCP Enabled
YES
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the down volume key to select No.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Releasing a DHCP Address
When moving the phone to a new network segment, you should first release the
DHCP address.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to DHCP Address Released.
If the DHCP address is currently assigned, the option displays as
DHCP Address Released No
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Modifying DHCP Settings
Step 5
Press the Yes soft key to release the DHCP-assigned IP address.
Step 6
Press Save.
The phone remains in an idle state, without an IP address assigned, until you do
one of the following actions:
•
Manually assign an IP address
•
Set DHCP Address Released back to No.
•
Power cycle the phone, which enables all default settings, including enabling
DHCP.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select DHCP Address Released.
If the DHCP address is currently assigned, the option displays as
DHCP Address Released
NO
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the down volume key to select Yes.
Step 6
Press # to save.
The phone remains in an idle state, without an IP address assigned, until you do
one of the following actions:
•
Manually assign an IP address.
•
Set DHCP Address Released back to No.
•
Power cycle the phone, which enables all default settings, including enabling
DHCP.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Configuring IP Settings
Use these guidelines when manually configuring the IP settings:
Note
•
You can use 0.0.0.0 for the subnet mask only if the default gateway is also
0.0.0.0.
•
Ensure TFTP server has an IP address.
•
Ensure the default gateway IP address is on the same subnet as the host IP
address.
Procedures involved in configuring IP settings or TFTP options cannot be
completed when DHCP is enabled in your network.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Assigning an IP Address, page 5-14
•
Assigning Default Router, page 5-15
•
Assigning Subnet Mask, page 5-17
•
Assigning Domain Name, page 5-18
•
Assigning DNS Servers, page 5-19
Assigning an IP Address
The IP address is the unique logical address identifying each host computer, or
node, on a TCP/IP network. An IP address is a 32-bit number expressed as four
decimal numbers from 0 to 255 separated by periods.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
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Configuring IP Settings
Step 4
Scroll to IP Address.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter a new IP address, using the * key on the
dial pad or the . soft key to enter periods.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press the Validate soft key.
Step 9
Press Save.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select IP Address.
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter a new IP address, using the down arrow
to back space and the * key on the dial pad to enter periods.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Assigning Default Router
If you manually assign an IP address to the Cisco IP Phone, you must indicate the
default router to be used. The default router provides connectivity to the IP
network beyond the subnet to which the phone belongs.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to Default Router 1.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new router IP address, using the * key
on the dial pad or the . soft key to enter periods.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press the Validate soft key.
Step 9
Scroll to Default Router 2-5 to add backup gateways.
Step 10
Press Save.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select Default Router 1.
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new router IP address, using the down
arrow to backspace and the * key on the dial pad to enter periods.
Step 6
Scroll to Default Router 2-5 to add backup gateways.
Step 7
Press # to Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring IP Settings
Assigning Subnet Mask
The subnet mask is used to partition the IP address into a network and a host
identifier. The subnet mask is used to mask a portion of the IP address so that
TCP/IP can distinguish the network ID from the host ID.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to Subnet Mask.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new subnet mask, using the * key on
the dial pad or the . soft key to enter periods.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press the Validate soft key.
Step 9
Press the Save soft key to save this change.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select Subnet Mask.
Step 4
Press * to edit.
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Configuring IP Settings
Step 5
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new subnet mask, using the down
arrow to back space and the * key on the dial pad to enter periods.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Assigning Domain Name
The domain name is the name of the Domain Name System (DNS) domain in
which the phone is located. DNS is a hierarchical name for TCP/IP host
computers that provides standard naming conventions.
Before assigning a domain name, verify that you have a DNS in your network.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to Domain Name.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter a new domain name, using the 0 key on
the dial pad to enter periods.
To enter letters, use the numbers associated with a particular letter. For example,
the 2 key has the letters ABC. For a lower case “a,” press 2 once. Press the 2 key
repeatedly to scroll through the available letters and numbers. Pause after the
selected letter appears on the screen.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press the Validate soft key.
Step 9
Press the Save soft key to save this change.
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Configuring IP Settings
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Changing the domain name on the Cisco IP Phone 7910 is not currently
supported.
Assigning DNS Servers
The DNS setting on the Cisco IP Phone allows users to specify remote computers
by host names, which are character strings with some mnemonic value, rather than
by using IP addresses, which are simply strings of numbers.
The phones use DNS to resolve the host name of TFTP servers,
Cisco CallManager systems, and web server host names when the system is
configured to use names rather than IP addresses.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to DNS Server 1.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter a new DNS server address, using the * key
on the dial pad or the . soft key to enter periods.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press the Validate soft key.
Step 9
Scroll to DNS Server 2-5 to add backup DNS server.
Step 10
Press Save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring VLAN Settings
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select DNS server 1.
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new DNS server address, using the
down arrow to back space and the * key on the dial pad to enter periods.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Configuring VLAN Settings
You can change the administrative VLAN used by the Cisco IP Phone. However,
if you have an auxiliary VLAN assigned on the Cisco Catalyst switch, that setting
overrides any changes made on the phone.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to Admin. VLAN Id.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new Admin VLAN setting.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring TFTP Options
Step 8
Press Validate.
Step 9
Press Save.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select Admin VLAN ID setting.
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new Admin VLAN ID, using the down
arrow to backspace.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Configuring TFTP Options
If you do not use DHCP to direct the Cisco IP Phone 7960 to a TFTP server, you
must manually assign one. You can also assign an alternative TFTP server to use
instead of the one assigned by DHCP.
This section covers these topics:
•
Assigning a TFTP Sever, page 5-21
•
Using an Alternate TFTP Server, page 5-23
Assigning a TFTP Sever
The default TFTP server is set to CiscoCM1. If you are not using DHCP in your
network, and you want to change this setting, you must manually assign the TFTP
server to the phone.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring TFTP Options
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to TFTP Server 1.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter a new TFTP server address, using the *
key on the dial pad or the . soft key to enter periods.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press Validate.
Step 9
Press Save.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select TFTP Server 1 setting.
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new TFTP server address, using the
down arrow to back space and the * key on the dial pad to enter periods.
Step 6
Press # to save.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring TFTP Options
Using an Alternate TFTP Server
If you are using DHCP, but you want to override the TFTP address that the phone
received through DHCP, enable an alternate TFTP Server.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to Alternate TFTP Server.
If the phone is not using an alternative TFTP server, the option displays as
Alternate TFTP NO
Step 5
Press the Yes soft key.
Step 6
Scroll to TFTP Server
Step 7
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 8
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new Alternative TFTP Server address,
using the * key on the dial pad or the . soft key to enter periods.
Step 9
Press the Yes soft key to enable an alternative TFTP server.
Step 10
Press Validate.
Step 11
Press Save.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select Alternate TFTP setting.
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Configuring TFTP Options
If an alternate TFTP server is currently unassigned, the option displays as:
Alternate TFTP
NO
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the down volume key to select Yes.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Step 7
Use the down volume key to select TFTP Server setting.
Step 8
Press * to edit.
Step 9
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the new TFTP server address, using the
down arrow to back space and the * key on the dial pad to enter periods.
Step 10
Press # to save.
Assigning a Backup TFTP Server
TFTP Server 2 displays the IP address of the backup TFTP server. This server is
used to obtain configuration files and software upgrades if the primary TFTP
server is unavailable.
Before You Begin
To assign a backup TFTP server, the Alternate TFTP setting must be set to Yes
and TFTP Server 1 setting must contain a value.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to TFTP Server 2.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
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Configuring Network Settings on the Cisco IP Phone
Configuring Ports
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter a backup TFTP server address, using the
* key on the dial pad or the . soft key to enter periods.
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press Validate.
Step 9
Press Save.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select TFTP Server 2 setting.
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the backup TFTP server address, using the
down arrow to back space and the * key on the dial pad to enter periods.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Configuring Ports
The PC and switch (SW) port configuration settings determine the speed and
duplex of the PC and network ports, respectively.
If you change the port configuration setting value for either the PC port or the SW
port, you must change the other to match or configure both to auto-negotiate.
If the phone is connected to a switch, you must configure the switch's port to the
same speed/duplex as the phone, or configure both to auto-negotiate.
The values for both are: A (auto-negotiate), 10H (10BaseT/Half Duplex), 10F
(10BaseT/Full Duplex), 100H (100BaseT/Half Duplex), or 100F (100BaseT/Full
Duplex). This setting is not case sensitive.
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Configuring Ports
This section covers the following topics:
•
Configuring the SW Port, page 5-26
•
Configuring the PC Port, page 5-27
Configuring the SW Port
Follow these procedures to set the speed of the switch port on the Cisco IP Phone.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Settings button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to SW Port Configuration.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the selected option.
To enter letters, use the numbers associated with a particular letter. For example,
the 2 key has the letters ABC. For a lower case “a,” press 2 once. Press the 2 key
repeatedly to scroll through the available letters and numbers. Pause after the
selected letter appears on the screen.
Valid values are as follows:
Step 7
•
A (auto negotiate)
•
10H (10basedT/half duplex)
•
10F (10basedT/full duplex)
•
100H (100basedT/half duplex)
•
100F (100basedT/full duplex)
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
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Configuring Ports
Step 8
Press the Validate soft key.
Step 9
Press the Save soft key to save this change.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Settings button.
Step 2
Press 6 to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Scroll (using the volume up/down keys) to SW Port Configuration.
Step 4
Press * to enter edit mode.
Step 5
Press the volume down button to scroll down through options.
Options are AUTO, 10HALF, 10FULL, 100HALF, and 100FULL.
Step 6
Select an option, then press the volume up button to exit this menu.
Step 7
Press # to save this change.
Configuring the PC Port
Follow these procedures to set the speed of the PC port on the Cisco IP Phone.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Settings button.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to PC Port Configuration.
Step 5
Press the Edit soft key.
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Configuring Ports
Step 6
Use the buttons on the dial pad to enter the selected option.
To enter letters, use the numbers associated with a particular letter. For example,
the 2 key has the letters ABC. For a lower case “a,” press 2 once. Press the 2 key
repeatedly to scroll through the available letters and numbers. Pause after the
selected letter appears on the screen.
Valid values are as follows:
•
A (auto negotiate)
•
10H (10basedT/half duplex)
•
10F (10basedT/full duplex)
•
100H (100basedT/half duplex)
•
100F (100basedT/full duplex)
Step 7
Use the << soft key to correct any mistakes.
Step 8
Press the Validate soft key.
Step 9
Press the Save soft key to save this change.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press the Settings button.
Step 2
Press 6 to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Scroll (using the volume up/down keys) to PC Port Configuration.
Step 4
Press * to enter edit mode.
Step 5
Press the volume down button to scroll down through options.
Options are AUTO, 10HALF, 10FULL, 100HALF, and 100FULL.
Step 6
Select an option, then press the volume up button to exit this menu.
Step 7
Press # to save this change.
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C H A P T E R
6
Configuring Cisco IP Phones, Users,
and Features in Cisco CallManager
After you install Cisco IP Phones in your network, configure their network
settings, and add them to Cisco CallManager, you must then use
Cisco CallManager to configure directory numbers, assign users, and configure
features.
Many of the Cisco IP Phone features available to end users require that you
configure them using the Cisco CallManager Administration application. An
overview of configuration procedures is provided in this chapter; detailed
instructions are available in Cisco CallManager Administration documentation.
This chapter describes setting up user features and providing users with
information about those features. Refer to the following topics:
•
Configuring Cisco IP Phones in Cisco CallManager, page 6-2
•
Adding Users to Cisco CallManager, page 6-5
•
Modifying Phone Button Templates, page 6-5
•
Configuring Corporate Directories, page 6-8
•
Setting Up User Services, page 6-8
•
Providing Information to End Users, page 6-9
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Chapter 6
Configuring Cisco IP Phones in Cisco CallManager
Configuring Cisco IP Phones, Users, and Features in Cisco CallManager
Configuring Cisco IP Phones in Cisco CallManager
After you add Cisco IP Phones to Cisco CallManager, you can add additional
functionality to them.
Table 6-1 includes a list of the supported telephony features and tips about how to
configure them using Cisco CallManager. For additional details, refer to the
Cisco CallManager Administration Guide, the Cisco CallManager System Guide,
Cisco CallManager Extended Services Administrator's Guide or context-sensitive
help in the application.
Table 6-1
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager
Feature
Description
Configuration Tips
Auto answer
Forces the speakerphone or headset to
go off hook automatically when an
incoming call is received
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone and select the
directory number to configure.
Using Cisco CallManager, you can
enable this feature for either the
headset or speakerphone.
Barge
Allows user to initiate joining an
in-progress call on a shared line.
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Service > System Parameters and
enable the BargeEnabled service
parameter.
Call park
Places the call on hold so anyone
connected to the Cisco CallManager
system can retrieve it
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Feature > Call Park to configure.
Call pickup
Picks up incoming calls within a group From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Feature > Call Pickup to configure.
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone and select the
directory number to assign a call
pickup group.
Call waiting
Receives a second incoming call on the From Cisco CallManager, choose:
same line without disconnecting the
Device > Phone and select the
first call
directory number to configure.
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Table 6-1
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager (continued)
Feature
Description
Configuration Tips
Caller ID
Displays number and name of caller
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone to select outgoing
caller ID pattern and to select
whether to transmit or block caller ID
information.
Conference
Initiates an ad hoc conference and then From Cisco CallManager, choose:
conference in other participants one at a Service > Media Resource >
time.
Conference Bridge to configure
device to support conferences.
Extension Mobility
Enables users to sign into their
directory number from any Cisco IP
Phone
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone.
Forward
Forwards all calls to the designated
directory number
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone and select the
directory number to configure. You
can configure Forward All, Forward
Busy, or Forward No Answer.
Users can also designate the forward
numbers in the Cisco IP Phone
Configuration windows.
Group call pickup
Allows users to pick up incoming calls From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Feature > Call Pickup to configure.
within their own group or in other
groups
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone and select the
directory number to assign a call
pickup group.
Hold
Places an active call on hold
This feature requires no
configuration to work, unless you
want to use music on hold.
Meet-Me conference
Enables other callers to join in a
conference
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Service > Conference Bridge to
configure Meet-Me parameters.
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Table 6-1
Configuring Cisco IP Phones, Users, and Features in Cisco CallManager
Configuring Telephony Features Using Cisco CallManager (continued)
Feature
Description
Configuration Tips
Message waiting
Users press this button to connect to the From Cisco CallManager, choose:
voice-messaging system.
Device > Phone and select the
directory number to select the type of
message waiting indicator.
Music-on-hold
Plays music while callers are on hold
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone to select audio
sources and media resource.
From Cisco CallManager, choose
Service > Media Resource > Music
On Hold to configure music on hold.
Redial
Redials the last number dialed on the
Cisco IP phone
This feature requires no
configuration to work.
Speed-dial
Rapidly dials a specified number that
has been previously stored
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone and click the Update
Speed Dial buttons link at the top of
the window.
Users can designate speed-dial
numbers using the Cisco IP Phone
Configuration windows.
Transfer
Transfers an active call to another
directory number
This feature requires no
configuration to work.
Voice mail
Enables callers to leave messages if
calls are unanswered
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Feature > Voice Mail > Cisco Voice
Mail Port Wizard and Feature >
Voice Mail > Cisco Voice Mail Port
to configure Cisco voice mail.
From Cisco CallManager, choose:
Device > Phone and select the voice
mail profile.
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Adding Users to Cisco CallManager
Adding Users to Cisco CallManager
Cisco CallManager Administration allows you to display and maintain
information about users on the network.
You must configure features to allow users to perform the following actions:
•
Access the corporate directory and other customized directories from a
Cisco IP Phone
•
Set up their own speed dial and call forwarding numbers
•
Subscribe to services that are accessible from a Cisco IP Phone
To set up these features, you must first add users to Cisco CallManager. Choose
either of the following methods:
•
To add users individually, use the Cisco CallManager Administration
application and select User >Add a New User.
Refer to the Cisco CallManager Administration Guide, the Cisco
CallManager System Guide, or context-sensitive help in the application for
details.
•
To add users in batches, use the Bulk Administration Tool. This method also
enables you to set an identical default password for all users.
Refer to the Bulk Administration Tool User Guide for details.
Modifying Phone Button Templates
Although the Cisco IP Phones support similar features, each phone model can
implement these features differently. Modify phone button templates to assign
features to phone buttons and to customize features for a phone model.
Ideally, you can modify templates before registering phones on the network.
Proceeding in this order allows you to access customized phone button template
options from the Cisco CallManager Administration application during
registration.
To modify a phone button template, open the Cisco CallManager Administration
application and select Device > Phone Button Template. Refer to the
Cisco CallManager Administration Guide, the Cisco CallManager System Guide,
or context-sensitive help in the application for details.
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Modifying Phone Button Templates
Possible Phone Button Template Configurations
The number of buttons and features that you can customize varies based upon
Cisco IP Phone model. Familiarize yourself with the possible configuration
options as described in Table 6-2.
Table 6-2
Default Phone Button Templates Listed by Model
Cisco IP Phone Model
Default Phone Button Template Description
Cisco IP Phone 7960
The default Cisco IP Phone 7960 template uses buttons 1 and 2 for
lines and assigns buttons 3 through 6 as speed dial. Access other
phone features, such as call park, call forward, redial, hold, resume,
voice mail, conferencing, and so on using soft keys on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960.
Cisco IP Phone 7940
The Cisco IP Phone 7940 comes with two preconfigured phone button
templates provided:
•
7940 (2-Line)—Uses button 1 and 2 for lines.
•
7940 (1-Line)—Uses button 1 for line 1 and button 2 for speed
dial.
All Cisco IP Phone 7940 phones use one of these templates.
Access phone features, such as call park, call forward, redial, hold,
resume, voice mail, conferencing, and so on, using soft keys on the
Cisco IP Phone 7940.
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Modifying Phone Button Templates
Table 6-2
Default Phone Button Templates Listed by Model (continued)
Cisco IP Phone Model
Default Phone Button Template Description
Cisco IP Phone 7914
Expansion Module
The default Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module template uses
buttons 1 through 11 for speed dial and leaves buttons 12 through 14
undefined.
Access phone features, such as call park, call forward, redial, hold,
resume, voice mail, conferencing, and so on, using soft keys on the
Cisco IP Phone 7960.
Each Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module can use a different
template.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
The default phone button template for the Cisco IP Phone 7910
(named Default 7910) uses button 1 for message waiting, button 2 for
conference, button 3 for forwarding, buttons 4 and 5 for speed dial,
and button 6 for redial.
The Cisco IP Phone 7910 has fixed buttons for Line, Hold, Transfer,
and Settings.
Updating Button Labels
If you change the button assignments on the Cisco IP Phone 7910, you can also
update their corresponding labels. The Cisco IP Phone 7910 ships with extra
mylar labels on a perforated sheet. After printing the labels, you can easily
remove them from this sheet. These label sheets have different textures—one
smooth side and one textured side; the textured side is labeled “front.” This is the
side that users contact when pressing the buttons. The type of printing method
used determines the side to print on. To avoid ink rubbing off on users’ fingers,
choose a printing method that prints on the smooth side of the labels.
Use these specifications to print on the labels:
•
Text size—10 point (on a PC-compatible computer) or 12 point (on a
Macintosh-compatible computer)
•
Text font—Univers 65 bold oblique
•
Text color—PMS 413C
•
Text position—2.533 mm above the button hole openings
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Configuring Corporate Directories
Configuring Corporate Directories
Cisco IP Phone models 7960 and 7940 can store a directory of employee names
and phone numbers. Although you access the directory from the IP Phone, you
must configure the directory before users can access it. To use the corporate
directory, you must have users entered into a Lightweight Directory Access
Protocol (LDAP) directory configured with Cisco CallManager.
To set up these features, open Cisco CallManager and select User > Global
Directory. Refer to the Cisco CallManager Administration Guide, the
Cisco CallManager System Guide, or context-sensitive help in the
Cisco CallManager Administration application for details.
Setting Up User Services
The Cisco IP Phone models 7960 and 7940 allow users to access specific
information services, such as local movie times, stock quotes, weather reports,
and so on. Although users access these services by pressing the Services button
to display a services menu on the Cisco IP Phone, you must first configure the
services to which users can subscribe.
In summary:
•
System administrators configure available services using the
Cisco CallManager Administration application.
•
Users subscribe to services using the Cisco IP Phone User Options
application. This web-based application provides a graphic user interface
(GUI) for limited, end-user configuration of IP Phone applications.
Before setting up services, gather the URL addresses for the sites you want to set
up and verify that users can access those sites from your corporate IP telephony
network.
To set up these features, open the Cisco CallManager Administration application
and select Feature > Cisco IP Phone Services. Refer to the Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide, the Cisco CallManager System Guide, or context-sensitive
help in the Cisco CallManager Administration application for details.
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Providing Information to End Users
After you configure these services, verify that your users have access to the
Cisco CallManager IP Phone Options web-based application, where they can
select and subscribe to configured services. Refer to the Cisco CallManager
Administration Guide, the Cisco CallManager System Guide, or context-sensitive
help in the Cisco CallManager Administration application for details.
Note
To configure Extension Mobility services for users, see the Cisco CallManager
Extended Services Administrator's Guide.
Providing Information to End Users
If you are a system administrator, you are likely the primary source of information
for Cisco IP Phone users in your network or company. It is important to provide
current and thorough information to end users.
Provide the following information to end users:
•
Identify yourself. The Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940 User Guide
instructs users to direct some questions to a system administrator. To assist
users, consider distributing an E-mail or memo identifying yourself or your
network team. Provide contact information.
•
Provide end users with the following information about the Cisco IP Phone
User Options web-based application:
– The URL required to access the application
http://<serverName>/CCMUser/, where <serverName> is the host on
which the web server is installed.
– A user ID and default password needed to access the application
These settings correspond to the values you entered when you added the
user to Cisco CallManager.
– A brief description of what a web-based, graphic user interface
application is, and how it is accessed with a Web browser.
– Outline the tasks that users can expect to accomplish with the
application, including subscribing to services, setting up speed dial and
call forwarding numbers, and creating a personal address book.
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Providing Information to End Users
•
Provide end users with access to user documentation for the Cisco IP Phones.
For example, the Cisco IP Phone Models 7960 and 7940 User Guide includes
detailed user instructions for subscribing to services, using extension
mobility, and other key features.
For a list of available documentation, go to the Cisco IP Phone website at:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_ipphon/index.htm
and select your preferred language.
For more information about viewing or ordering documentation, see the
“Obtaining Documentation” section on page xii.
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C H A P T E R
Troubleshooting the Cisco IP Phone
Cisco IP Phones include diagnostic screens that enable you to collect information
that can assist you in troubleshooting problems in your IP telephony network.
These sections provide details about these tools and how to use them:
•
Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information, page 7-1
•
Resetting the Cisco IP Phone, page 7-12
•
Erasing Local Configuration, page 7-13
•
Updating Firmware Version, page 7-14
•
Resolving Startup Problems, page 7-15
•
Resolving Known Issues, page 7-25
Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
On Cisco IP Phones, you can obtain status information about the current call and
the network, and verify the phone model and installed firmware version.
This section covers these topics:
•
Displaying Statistics for Current Call, page 7-2
•
Viewing Status Messages, page 7-3
•
Displaying Network Statistics, page 7-8
•
Verifying Model and Serial Number, page 7-10
•
Verifying Firmware Version, page 7-11
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Obtaining Status, Model, and Version Information
Displaying Statistics for Current Call
If you experience problems during an active call, you can collect information
during that call. This information provides useful troubleshooting information
that might assist you in resolving these problems and preventing them from
occurring during future calls.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
During the call, press the ? button twice rapidly. The following information
displays:
•
RxType—Type of voice stream received (RTP streaming audio) (G.729,
G.711 u-law, G.711 A-law, or Link16k).
•
RxSize—Size of voice packets (in milliseconds) in the receiving voice stream
(RTP streaming audio).
•
RxCnt—Number of RTP voice packets received since voice stream was
opened (which is not necessarily identical to those received since the call
began because the call might have been placed on hold).
•
TxType—Type of voice stream transmitted (RTP streaming audio) (G.729,
G.711 u-law, G.711 A-law, or Link16k).
•
TxSize—Size of voice packets (in milliseconds) in the transmitting voice
stream.
•
TxCnt—Number of RTP voice packets transmitted since voice stream was
opened (which is not necessarily identical to those received since the call
began because the call might have been placed on hold).
•
Avg Jtr—Estimated average RTP packet jitter (dynamic delay a packet
encounters when going through the network) observed since the receiving
voice stream was opened.
•
Max Jtr—Maximum jitter observed since the receiving voice stream was
opened.
•
RxDisc—Number of RTP packets in the receiving voice stream that have
been discarded (bad packets, too late, and so on).
•
RxLost—Missing RTP packets (lost in transit).
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Troubleshooting Tips
•
The RxType/TxType indicates which codec is being used for the call between
this phone and the other device. If they do not match, verify that the other
device supports the codec conversation or that a transcoder is in place to
support the service.
•
The size of the sound samples (RxSize/TxSize) should match on both
devices.
•
If you are experiencing gaps in your voice calls, check the AvgJtr and MaxJtr
values. A large variance between the two values might indicate a problem
with jitter on the network or periodic high rate of network activity.
For additional information, see the Using the 79xx Status Information For
Troubleshooting tech note available from Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/AVVID/telecaster_trouble.html
Viewing Status Messages
Use the status messages to diagnose network configuration problems. You can
access these messages at any point, even if the phone has not completed its startup
process.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Status.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Select Status Messages.
Step 5
Press the Select soft key.
Step 6
The status messages screen might display any of the messages described in
Table 7-1.
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Table 7-1
Status Messages
Message
Explanation
Possible Explanation and Action
BootP server used
The phone obtained its IP
address from a BootP server
rather than a DHCP server.
None. This message is informational only.
CFG file not found
The name-based and default
configuration file was not
found on the TFTP Server.
The configuration file for a particular phone is
created when the phone is added to the
Cisco CallManager database. If the phone has
not been added to the Cisco CallManager
database, the TFTP server generates a CFG
File Not Found response.
•
Phone is not registered with
Cisco CallManager.
You must manually add the phone to
Cisco CallManager if you are not
allowing phones to auto-register. See the
“Adding Phones Manually” section on
page 2-12 for details.
•
If you are using DHCP, verify that the
DHCP server is pointing to the correct
TFTP server.
•
If you are using static IP addresses, check
configuration of the TFTP server. Refer
to the “Configuring TFTP Options”
section on page 5-21 for details on
assigning a TFTP server.
CFG TFTP Size Error The configuration file is too
large for file system on the
phone.
Power cycle the phone.
Checksum Error
Obtain a new copy of the phone firmware and
place it in the TFTPPath directory. You
should only copy files into this directory when
the TFTP server software is shut down,
otherwise the files may be corrupted.
Downloaded software file is
corrupted.
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Table 7-1
Status Messages (continued)
Message
Explanation
DHCP timeout
DHCP server did not respond.
DNS timeout
DNS server did not respond.
DNS unknown host
Duplicate IP
DNS could not resolve the
name of the TFTP server or
Cisco CallManager.
Another device is using the IP
address assigned to the phone.
Possible Explanation and Action
•
Network is busy—the errors should
resolve themselves when the network
load reduces.
•
No network connectivity between the
DHCP server and the phone—verify the
network connections.
•
DHCP server is down—check
configuration of DHCP server.
•
Errors persist—consider assigning a
static IP address. Refer to the
“Configuring IP Settings” section on
page 5-14 for details on assigning a static
IP address.
•
Network is busy—the errors should
resolve themselves when the network
load reduces.
•
No network connectivity between the
DNS server and the phone—verify the
network connections.
•
DNS server is down—check
configuration of DNS server.
•
Verify the host names of the TFTP server
or Cisco CallManager are configured
properly in DNS.
•
Consider using IP addresses rather than
host names.
•
If the phone has a static IP address, verify
that you have not assigned a duplicate IP
address. Refer to the “Assigning an IP
Address” section on page 5-14 section for
details
•
If you are using DHCP, check the DHCP
server configuration.
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Table 7-1
Status Messages (continued)
Message
Explanation
Possible Explanation and Action
Error update locale
One or more localization files
could not be found in the
TFTPPath directory or were
not valid. The locale was not
changed.
Check that the following files are located
within subdirectories in the TFTPPath
directory:
•
Located in subdirectory with same name
as network locale:
– tones.xml
•
Located in subdirectory with same name
as user locale:
– glyphs.xml
– dictionary.xml
– kate.xml
– dictionary.xml
IP address released
The phone has been
configured to release its IP
address.
The phone remains idle until it is power
cycled or you reset the DHCP address. Refer
to the “Modifying DHCP Settings” section on
page 5-9 section for details.
Load ID incorrect
Load ID of the software file is Check the load ID assigned to the phone
of the wrong type.
(Cisco CallManager > Device > Phone).
Verify that the load ID is entered correctly.
Load rejected HC
The application that was
This error only occur s if you were attempting
downloaded is not compatible to install a version of software on this phone
with the phone’s hardware.
that did not support hardware changes on this
newer phone.
Check the load ID assigned to the phone
(Cisco CallManager > Device > Phone).
Re-enter the load displayed on the phone (see
the “Verifying Firmware Version” section on
page 7-11 to verify the phone setting).
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Table 7-1
Status Messages (continued)
Message
Explanation
No default router
DHCP or static configuration
did not specify a default
router.
No DNS server IP
Name was specified but DHCP
or static IP configuration did
not specify a DNS server
address.
Possible Explanation and Action
•
If the phone has a static IP address, verify
the default router has been configured.
Refer to the “Assigning Default Router”
section on page 5-15 section for details.
•
If you are using DHCP, the DHCP server
has not provided a default router. Check
the DHCP server configuration.
•
If the phone has a static IP address, verify
the DNS server has been configured.
Refer to the “Assigning DNS Servers”
section on page 5-19 section for details.
•
If you are using DHCP, the DHCP server
has not provided a DNS server. Check the
DHCP server configuration.
Programming Error
The phone failed during
programming.
Attempt to resolve this error by power cycling
the phone. If the problem persists, contact
Cisco technical support for additional
assistance.
SEPDefault.cnf.xml
or SEPmacaddress
Name of the configuration file. None. This is an informational message
indicating the name of the file.
TFTP access error
TFTP server is pointing to a
directory that does not exist.
•
If you are using DHCP, verify that the
DHCP server is pointing to the correct
TFTP server.
•
If you are using static IP addresses, check
configuration of TFTP server. Refer to
the “Configuring TFTP Options” section
on page 5-21 for details on assigning a
TFTP server.
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Table 7-1
Status Messages (continued)
Message
Explanation
Possible Explanation and Action
TFTP file not found
The requested load file (.bin) Check the load ID assigned to the phone
was not found in the TFTPPath (Cisco CallManager > Device > Phone).
directory.
Verify that the TFTPPath directory contains a
.bin file with this load ID as the name.
TFTP timeout
TFTP server did not respond.
•
Network is busy—the errors should
resolve themselves when the network
load reduces.
•
No network connectivity between the
TFTP server and the phone—verify the
network connections.
•
TFTP server is down—check
configuration of TFTP server.
Displaying Network Statistics
Use the network statistics to obtain information about the phone and network
performance.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Status.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Select Network Statistics.
Step 5
Press the Select soft key.
The following list defines components of text messages that might display on the
phone’s LCD screen:
•
Rcv—number of packets received at the phone.
•
Xmt—number of packets transmitted from the phone.
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•
REr—number of receive errors at the phone.
•
Bcast—number of broadcast packets received.
•
TCP-timeout—connection closed due to exceeding the allowed retry time.
•
TCP-Bad-ACK—connection closed because an unacceptable ACK was
received.
•
CM-reset-TCP—Cisco CallManager closed and initiated the closing of
connection.
•
CM-closed-TCP—Cisco CallManager closed and initiated the closing of
connection.
•
CM-aborted-TCP—Cisco CallManager closed and initiated the closing of
connection.
•
CM-NAKed—Cisco CallManager refused the connection attempt.
•
KeepaliveTO—phone closed because of a Keepalive Timeout.
•
Failback—phone closed due failback to a higher priority Cisco CallManager.
•
Phone-Loading—phone closed to upgrade software. This message appears
only if TFTP fails during software upgrade.
•
Phone-Keypad—phone closed due to a **#** reset.
•
Phone-Re-IP—phone closed due to a duplicate IP address condition.
•
Reset-Reset—phone closed due to receiving a Reset/Reset from
Cisco CallManager administration.
•
Reset-Restart—phone closed due to receiving a Reset/Restart from
Cisco CallManager administration.
•
All-CMs-Bad—phone detected a state in which all Cisco CallManager
servers failed their keepalives.
•
Phone-Reg-Rej—phone closed due to receiving a registration reject.
•
Phone-Initialized—phone has not experienced a connection close since the
hardware reset or since it was powered on.
•
Elapsed time—the amount of time that has elapsed since the phone connected
to Cisco CallManager.
•
Port 0 Full, 100—network port is in a link up state and has auto-negotiated a
full-duplex 100 Mbps connection.
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•
Port 0 Half, 10—the network port is in a link up state and has auto-negotiated
a half-duplex, 10-Mbps connection.
•
Port 1 Full, 100—the PC port is in a link up state and has auto-negotiated a
full-duplex 100-Mbps connection.
•
Port 2 Down—PC port is in a link down state.
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 7 (Phone Info).
Step 3
Use the Navigation button to display the available information:
•
Application Load ID
•
Boot Load ID
•
Ethernet Port 1
•
Ethernet Port 2 (on the Cisco IP Phone 7910+SW)
•
Last Call Information (Codec Type)—Type of voice stream received (RTP
streaming audio) (G.729, G.711 u-law, or G.711 A-law).
Verifying Model and Serial Number
You can verify the model and serial number on Cisco IP Phones.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Status.
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Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Select Model Information.
Step 5
Press the Select soft key.
The following information displays:
•
Model Type
•
Serial Number
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 4(Model Information).
The following information displays:
•
Model Type
•
Serial Number
Verifying Firmware Version
On the Cisco IP Phones, you can verify the firmware version loaded on the phone.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Status.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
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Resetting the Cisco IP Phone
Step 4
Select Firmware Versions.
Step 5
Press the Select soft key.
The firmware statistics display the following information:
•
Application Load ID
•
Boot Load ID
•
Version
•
Expansion Module 1
•
Expansion Module 2
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 4(Model Information).
Step 3
The following information displays:
•
Application Load ID
•
Boot Load ID
Resetting the Cisco IP Phone
If you reset the phone, any changes made that have not been saved are lost and set
back to default settings.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940:
Press **#** to reset the Cisco IP Phone 7960, and the phone cycles through
normal startup procedures.
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Erasing Local Configuration
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Press **#** to reset the Cisco IP Phone 7910.
Erasing Local Configuration
If you want to erase all locally stored configuration options, you can erase the
configuration and restore settings to their default values, including enabling
DHCP.
Caution
Erasing the local configuration removes all user-defined changes made locally on
the Cisco IP Phone. If you choose this option, these settings are set back to their
default values.
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Use the Navigation button to select Network Configuration.
Step 3
Press the Select soft key.
Step 4
Scroll to Erase Configuration.
If the configuration is not set to be erased, the option displays as:
Erase Configuration No
Step 5
Press the Yes soft key to erase the configuration.
Step 6
Press Save.
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Updating Firmware Version
Cisco IP Phone 7910
Procedure
Step 1
Press settings.
Step 2
Press 6 (Network Configuration).
Step 3
Use the down volume key to select Erase Configuration.
If the configuration is not set to be erased, the option displays as:
Erase Configuration
NO
Step 4
Press * to edit.
Step 5
Use the down volume key to select Yes.
Step 6
Press # to save.
Updating Firmware Version
You can only update the firmware version using the Cisco CallManager
Administration application; you cannot update the firmware from the
Cisco IP Phones directly.
Before You Begin
Read the “Read Me” files included with Cisco software updates. These files
provide important updated information about installing and configuring the new
software.
Procedure
Step 1
Obtain an updated phone load.
You can download the latest available software from the Cisco Service & Support
Software Center:
http://www.cisco.com/kobayashi/sw-center/sw-voice.shtml
Step 2
Install the update.
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Step 3
From the Cisco CallManager Administration choose System > Device Defaults.
Locate the Device Type field corresponding to the model IP Phone (IP Phone
7910, IP Phone 7960 or IP Phone 7940).
Step 4
Enter the new device load in the Load Information field.
You can typically locate this information in the Read Me file distributed with the
software update.
•
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940—begins with P003
•
Cisco IP Phone 7910—begins with P004
the device loads for each phone according to the read me file.
Step 5
Click Update.
Step 6
From Cisco CallManager Administration, choose System > CallManager
Group.
Step 7
From the Cisco CallManager Group list, choose the group you want to update.
Step 8
Click Reset Devices.
Resolving Startup Problems
After installing a Cisco IP Phone into your network and adding it to
Cisco CallManager, the phone should start up as described in “Verifying the
Phone Startup Process” section on page 3-9. However, if the phone does not
appear to be starting up properly, these sections can help you resolve the problem:
•
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Does Not Start Up and LCD Screen Does Not
Display, page 7-16
•
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Not Registering with Cisco CallManager,
page 7-17
•
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Resetting, page 7-21
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Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Does Not Start Up and LCD Screen
Does Not Display
If you connect a Cisco IP Phone into the network port, the LEDs should light up
and messages should appear on the LCD display (see the “Verifying the Phone
Startup Process” section on page 3-9 for information on the normal startup
process). If the phone does not proceed through this normal startup process, you
must determine if the phone is functional or if anything else in the configuration
is causing the phone to not start up properly.
To determine whether the phone is functional, you must eliminate any other
potential problems, such as faulty cables, network outages, lack of power, and so
on. Follow these suggestions to systematically eliminate these other causes.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
To verify that the network port is functional:
a.
Exchange the Ethernet cables with cables you know are functional.
b.
Disconnect a functioning Cisco IP Phone from another port and connect it to
this network port to verify the port is active.
c.
Connect the Cisco IP Phone that will not start up to a different, known good
network port.
d.
Connect the Cisco IP Phone that will not start up directly to the port on the
switch, eliminating the patch panel connection in the office.
To verify that the phone is receiving power:
a.
Verify that the electrical outlet is functional.
b.
If you are using in-line power, use the external power supply instead.
c.
If you are using the external power supply, switch with a unit you know to be
functional.
If after attempting these solutions, the LCD screen on the Cisco IP Phone persists
in not displaying any characters for at least 5 minutes, contact a Cisco technical
support representative for additional assistance.
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Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Not Registering with
Cisco CallManager
If the phone proceeds past the first stage (LED buttons flashing on and off) and
continues to cycle through the messages displaying on the LCD screen, then the
phone is not starting up properly.The phone cannot successfully start up unless it
is connected to the Ethernet network and it has registered with a
Cisco CallManager server.
These sections can assist you in determining the reason the phone is unable to start
up properly:
•
Identifying Error Messages, page 7-17
•
Registering the Phone with Cisco CallManager, page 7-18
•
Checking Network Connectivity, page 7-18
•
Verifying TFTP Server Settings, page 7-18
•
Verifying IP Addressing and Routing, page 7-19
•
Verifying DNS Settings, page 7-19
•
Verifying Cisco CallManager Settings, page 7-20
•
Cisco CallManager and TFTP Services Are Not Running, page 7-20
•
Creating a New Configuration File, page 7-21
Identifying Error Messages
As the phone is cycling through the startup process, you can access status
messages that might provide you with information about the cause of the problem.
On the Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940, press settings > Status > Status Messages to
display these errors and refer to the “Viewing Status Messages” section on
page 7-3 section for a list of potential errors and their explanations and solutions.
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Registering the Phone with Cisco CallManager
Registration with a Cisco CallManager server can only be successful if the phone
has been added to the server or if auto-registration is enabled. Review the
information and procedures in the “Adding Phones to the Cisco CallManager
Database” section on page 2-10 to ensure that the phone has been added to the
Cisco CallManager database.
To verify that the phone is in the Cisco CallManager database, use Device > Find
from Cisco CallManager to search for the phone based on its MAC Address.
Verify the MAC address to search for by pressing settings > Network
Configuration > MAC address on the phone.
If the phone is already in the Cisco CallManager database, its configuration file
might be damaged. Refer to the “Creating a New Configuration File” section on
page 7-21 for assistance.
Checking Network Connectivity
If the network is down between the phone and the TFTP server or
Cisco CallManager, the phone cannot start up properly. Ensure that the network
is currently up-and-running.
Verifying TFTP Server Settings
The Cisco IP Phone uses the TFTP server setting (settings > Network
Configuration > TFTP Server 1) to identify the Cisco CallManager server. If
this setting is incorrect, the Cisco IP Phone might continually cycle while
attempting to contact the identified TFTP Server.
If you have assigned a static IP address to the phone, you must manually enter this
setting. Refer to the “Configuring IP Settings” section on page 5-14.
If you are using DHCP, the phone obtains the address for the TFTP server from
the DHCP server. Check the IP address configured in Option 150. See
Configuring Windows 2000 DHCP Server for Cisco Call Manager on Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/AVVID/win2000_dhcp.html
You can also enable the phone to use an alternate TFTP server (settings >
Network Configuration > Alternate TFTP Server). This is particularly useful
if this phone was recently moved from a different location, such as a test lab to a
production network.
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You must unlock the network settings before you can assign an alternate TFTP
server (see “Accessing the Network Configuration Settings” section on page 5-2).
Verifying IP Addressing and Routing
You should verify the IP addressing and routing settings on the IP Phone. If you
are using DHCP, the DHCP server should provide these values. If you have
assigned a static IP address to the phone, you must enter these values manually.
On the Cisco IP Phone, press settings > Network Configuration and check for
the following problems:
•
DHCP Server—has no address
If you have assigned a static IP address to the phone, you do not need to enter
a value here. However, if you are using a DHCP server, this field must have
a value. If it does not, check your IP routing and VLAN configuration. See
Troubleshooting Switch Port Problems on Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/473/53.shtml
•
IP address, subnet mask, or default router—have no addresses
If you have assigned a static IP address to the phone, you must manually enter
these settings. Refer to the “Configuring IP Settings” section on page 5-14.
If you are using DHCP, check the IP addresses distributed by your DHCP server.
See Understanding and Troubleshooting DHCP in Catalyst Switch or Enterprise
Networks on Cisco.com: http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/473/100.html#41
Verifying DNS Settings
If you are using DNS to refer to the TFTP server or Cisco CallManager, you must
ensure you have specified a DNS server (settings > Network Configuration >
DNS Server 1). You should also verify that you have a CNAME entry in the DNS
server for the TFTP server and Cisco CallManager system.
You must also ensure that DNS is configured to do reverse look-ups. The default
setting on Windows2000 is to perform forward-only look-ups.
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Verifying Cisco CallManager Settings
On the Cisco IP Phone, press settings > Network Configuration > CallManager
1, 2, 3, 4. The Cisco IP Phone attempts to open a TCP connection to all the
Cisco CallManager servers that are part of the assigned CallManager group. If
none of these fields have IP addresses or state “Active” or “Standby”, the phone
is not properly registered with Cisco CallManager. Refer to the “Registering the
Phone with Cisco CallManager” section on page 7-18 for tips on resolving this
problem.
Cisco CallManager and TFTP Services Are Not Running
If the Cisco CallManager or TFTP services are not running, phones might not be
able to start up properly. However, in this case, it is likely that you are
experiencing a system-wide failure. Rather than being isolated to one phone that
is experiencing problems, in this situation many or all phones and other devices
are not able to start up properly.
If the Cisco CallManager service is not running, all devices on the network that
rely on it to make phone calls will be affected. If the TFTP service is not running,
many devices will not be able to start up successfully.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Cisco CallManager Administration window, choose Application >
Cisco CallManager Serviceability.
Step 2
Choose Tools > Control Center.
Step 3
From the Servers column, choose the primary Cisco CallManager server.
The window displays the service names for the server that you chose, the status
of the services, and a service control panel to stop or start a service.
Step 4
If a service has stopped, click the Start button.
The Service Status symbol changes from a square to an arrow.
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Creating a New Configuration File
If you continue to have problems with a particular phone, despite all attempts at
resolution, the configuration file might be corrupted. You can manually create a
new configuration file by following the procedure below.
Procedure
Step 1
From Cisco CallManager, select Device > Phone > Find to locate the phone
experiencing problems.
Step 2
Choose Delete to remove the phone from the Cisco CallManager database.
Step 3
Search the hard drive of the Cisco CallManager server for files named
SEP*.cnf.xml. This file should be in a folder containing the configuration files for
all the registered phones.
Step 4
Make a copy of a configuration file for a functional phone of the same type as the
problematic phone. For example, if the phone experiencing problems is a Cisco
IP Phone 7960, make a copy of a configuration file for another phone of this
model.
Step 5
Rename this to match the name of the configuration file for the problematic
phone.
Use the convention SEP<MAC address>.cnf.xml, where <MAC address> is the
MAC address for the deleted phone.
Step 6
Replace the old configuration file with the new one you created.
Step 7
Add the phone to Cisco CallManager database. See the “Adding Phones
Manually” section on page 2-12 for details.
Step 8
Power cycle the phone.
Symptom: Cisco IP Phone Resetting
Once a Cisco IP Phone has properly started up and registered with
Cisco CallManager, you can reset it, forcing it to go through the startup process.
At times, you might want to intentionally do this. For example, if you want to
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force a firmware upgrade from Cisco CallManager on to the phone. Anytime a
phone has to load a new image, it has to restart itself and re-register with
Cisco CallManager using the new image
However, if users report that their phones appear to be resetting during calls or
while idle on their desk, you should investigate the cause. If the network
connection and Cisco CallManager connection are stable, the Cisco IP Phone
should not reset on its own.
Typically, the cause of the phones resetting can be categorized by problems
connecting to the Ethernet network or to Cisco CallManager. These sections can
help you identify the cause in your network:
•
Verifying Physical Connection, page 7-22
•
Identifying Intermittent Network Outages, page 7-22
•
Verifying DHCP Settings, page 7-23
•
Checking Static IP Address Settings, page 7-23
•
Verifying Voice VLAN Configuration, page 7-23
•
Verifying that the Phones Have Not Been Intentionally Reset, page 7-23
•
Eliminating DNS or Other Connectivity Errors, page 7-24
Verifying Physical Connection
Verify that the Ethernet connection to which the Cisco IP Phone is connected is
up-and-running. For example, check if the particular port or switch to which the
phone is connected is down.
Identifying Intermittent Network Outages
Intermittent network outages affect data and voice traffic differently. Your
network might have been experiencing intermittent outages without detection, but
data traffic can resend lost packets and verify packets are received and
transmitted.
However, voice traffic cannot recapture lost packets. Rather than retransmitting a
lost network connection, the phone resets and attempts to reconnect its network
connection.
Therefore, if you are experiencing problems with the voice network, you should
investigate whether an existing problem is simply being exposed at this point.
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Verifying DHCP Settings
This procedure can help you verify if the phone has been properly configured to
use DHCP.
Procedure
Step 1
Verify that you have properly configured the phone to use DHCP. See the
“Modifying DHCP Settings” section on page 5-9 for details.
Step 2
Verify that the DHCP server has been set up properly.
Step 3
Verify the DHCP lease duration. Cisco recommends that you set it to 8 days.
Note, however, that Cisco IP Phones send messages with request type 151 to
renew their DHCP address leases. If the DHCP server expects messages with
request type 150, the lease is denied, forcing the phone to restart and request a
new IP address from the DHCP server.
Checking Static IP Address Settings
If the phone has been assigned a static IP address, verify that you have entered the
correct settings. See the “Configuring IP Settings” section on page 5-14.
Verifying Voice VLAN Configuration
If the Cisco IP Phone appears to reset during heavy network usage (for example,
following extensive web surfing on a computer connected to same switch as
phone), it is likely that you do not have a voice VLAN configured.
Isolating the phones on a separate, auxiliary VLAN increases the quality of the
voice traffic. See “Understanding How the Cisco IP Phone Interacts with the
Cisco Catalyst Family of Switches” section on page 2-2 for more details.
Verifying that the Phones Have Not Been Intentionally Reset
If you are not the only administrator with access to Cisco CallManager, you
should verify that no one else has intentionally reset the phones.
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You can check whether a Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940 received a command from
Cisco CallManager to reset by pressing settings > Status > Network Statistics
on the phone.
If the phone was recently reset one of these messages appears:
•
Reset-Reset—phone closed due to receiving a Reset/Reset from
Cisco CallManager administration.
•
Reset-Restart—phone closed due to receiving a Reset/Restart from
Cisco CallManager administration.
Eliminating DNS or Other Connectivity Errors
If the phone continues to reset, follow this procedure.
Procedure
Step 1
Reset the phone to factory defaults. See the “Resetting the Cisco IP Phone”
section on page 7-12 for details.
Step 2
Modify DHCP and IP settings.
a.
Disable DHCP. See the “Modifying DHCP Settings” section on page 5-9 for
details.
b.
Assign static IP values to the phone. See the “Configuring IP Settings”
section on page 5-14 for details. Use the same default router setting used for
other functioning Cisco IP Phones.
c.
Assign TFTP server. See the “Configuring TFTP Options” section on
page 5-21 for details. Use the same TFTP server used for other functioning
Cisco IP Phones.
Step 3
On the Cisco CallManager server, verify that the local host files have the correct
Cisco CallManager server name mapped to the correct IP address. See the
Configuring The IP Hosts File on a Windows 2000 CallManager Server on
Cisco.com:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/customer/788/AVVID/cm_hosts_file.html
Step 4
From Cisco CallManager, select System > Server and verify that the server is
being referred to by its IP address and not by its DNS name.
Step 5
From Cisco CallManager, select Device > Phone and verify that you have
assigned the correct MAC address to this Cisco IP Phone.
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Step 6
To verify the MAC address on the phone, see the “Verifying Network Settings”
section on page 5-3.
Step 7
Power cycle the phone.
Resolving Known Issues
Refer to the following tables for troubleshooting some common issues that might
occur on you Cisco IP Phones:
Table 7-2
•
Table 7-2 describes restrictions or other known troubleshooting suggestions
for the Cisco IP Phone models 7960, 7940 and 7910.
•
Table 7-3 describes restrictions or other known troubleshooting suggestions
for the Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module.
Cisco IP Phone Troubleshooting
Summary
Explanation
Daisy-chaining IP phones
Do not connect an IP phone to another IP phone through the
access port. Each IP phone should directly connect to a switch
port. If you connect IP phones together in a line
(daisy-chaining), a problem with one phone can affect all
subsequent phones in the line. Also, all phones on the line share
bandwidth.
Poor quality when calling digital cell In Cisco CallManager, you can configure the network to use the
phones using the G.729 protocol
G.729 protocol (the default is G.711). When using G.729, calls
between an IP phone and a digital cellular phone will have poor
voice quality. Use G.729 only when absolutely necessary.
Prolonged broadcast storms cause IP Prolonged broadcast storms (lasting several minutes) on the
phones to re-register
voice VLAN cause the IP phones to re-register with another
Cisco CallManager server.
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Table 7-2
Cisco IP Phone Troubleshooting (continued)
Summary
Explanation
Moving a network connection from
the phone to a workstation
If you are powering your phone through the network
connection, you must be careful if you decide to unplug the
phone’s network connection and plug the cable into a desktop
computer.
Caution
The computer’s network card cannot receive power
through the network connection; if power comes
through the connection, the network card can be
destroyed. To prevent this, wait 10 seconds or longer
after unplugging the cable from the phone. This
gives the switch enough time to recognize that there
is no longer a phone on the line, and to stop
providing power to the cable.
Changing the telephone
configuration
By default, the network configuration options are locked to
prevent users from making changes that could impact their
network connectivity. You must unlock the network
configuration options before you can configure them. See the
“Accessing the Network Configuration Settings” section on
page 5-2 for details.
Phone resetting
The phone resets when it loses contact with the
Cisco CallManager software. This lost connection can be due to
any network connectivity disruption, including cable breaks,
switch outages, and switch reboots.
LCD display issues
If the display appears to have rolling lines or a wavy pattern, it
might be interacting with certain types of older fluorescent
lights in the building. Moving the phone away from the lights,
or replacing the lights, should resolve the problem.
Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency
(DTMF) delay
When you are on a call that requires keypad input, if you press
the keys too quickly, some of them might not be recognized.
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Refer to the following table if you are having difficulty using your
7914 Expansion Module.
Table 7-3
Expansion Module Troubleshooting
Problem
Solution
No display on the
7914 Expansion Module
Verify that all of the cable connections are correct.
Lighted buttons on the first
7914 Expansion Module are all
red.
Verify that the 7914 Expansion Module is defined in
Cisco CallManager.
Lighted buttons on the second
7914 Expansion Module are all
amber.
Verify that the 7914 Expansion Module is defined in
Cisco CallManager.
Verify that you have power to the Expansion Module(s).
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A P P E N D I X
A
Technical Specifications
The following sections describe the technical specifications for the
Cisco IP Phone.
•
Physical and Operating Environment Specifications, page A-1
•
Cable Specifications, page A-2
•
Network and Access Port Pinouts, page A-2
Physical and Operating Environment Specifications
Table A-1 includes the physical and operating environment specifications for the
Cisco IP Phone.
Table A-1
Cisco IP Phone Specifications
Specification
Value or Range
Operating temperature
0° to 40°C (32° to 104°F)
Operating relative humidity
10% to 95% (non-condensing).
Storage temperature
-10° to 60°C (14° to 140°F)
Height
20.32 cm (8 in.)
Width
26.67 cm (10.5 in.)
Depth
15.24 cm (6 in.)
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Technical Specifications
Cable Specifications
Table A-1
Cisco IP Phone Specifications (continued)
Specification
Value or Range
Weight
Power
•
Cisco IP Phone 7960/7940—1.6 kg (3.5 lb)
•
Cisco IP Phone 7910—1.0 kg (2.2 lb)
•
100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz, 0.5 A—when using the AC adapter
•
48 VDC, 0.2 A—when using the in-line power over the network
cable
Cables
Two (2) pair of Category 3 for 10-Mbps cables
Two (2) pair of Category 5 for 100-Mbps cables
Distance Requirements
As supported by the Ethernet Specification, it is assumed that most
Cisco IP Phones should be within 100m (330 feet) of a phone closet.
Cable Specifications
•
RJ-11 jack for handset connection
•
RJ-45 jack for the LAN 10/100BaseT connection (labeled LAN)
•
RJ-45 jack for a second 10/100BaseT compliant connection (labeled PC)
•
48-volt power connector. The diameter of the center pin in the phone power
jack (Switchcraft 712A) is .1 inch (2.5 mm). The center pin is positive (+)
voltage. The miniature power plug required to mate with the power jack on
the phone is a Switchcraft 760 or equivalent.
Network and Access Port Pinouts
Although both the network and access ports are used for network connectivity,
they serve different purposes and have different port pinouts.
Network Port Connector
Table A-2 describes the network port connector pinouts.
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Network and Access Port Pinouts
Table A-2
Network Port Connector Pinouts
Pin Number
Function
1
TD+
2
TD-
3
RD+
4
+48 Volts return1
5
+48 Volts return1
6
RD-
7
+48 Volts source1
8
+48 Volts source1
1. When used to receive power from an inline
power card in the Cisco Catalyst switch.
Access Port Connector
Table A-3 describes the access port connector pinouts.
Table A-3
Access Port Connector Pinouts
Pin Number
Function
1
RD+
2
RD-
3
TD+
4
Not Used
5
Not Used
6
TD-
7
Not Used
8
Not Used
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Appendix A
Technical Specifications
Network and Access Port Pinouts
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I N D EX
A
B
AC adapter, providing power using 2-7
Bulk Administration Tool
access port, purpose 2-7
adding phones with 2-15
adding
Cisco IP Phones manually 2-12
Cisco IP Phones that use DHCP 2-12
C
Cisco IP Phones using auto-registration 2-11
call, statistics for 6-2
Cisco IP Phones using Bulk Administration
Tool 2-15
Cisco CallManager
adding, users to Cisco CallManager 6-5
adjusting, phone placement of 3-7
assigning
adding phone to database of 2-10
interactions with 2-2
Cisco CallManager Administration application
context-sensitive help for 2-11
default gateway 5-15
DNS servers 5-19
domain name 5-18
IP address 5-14
subnet mask 5-17
TFTP server 5-21
attaching, Expansion Module 4-5
audience, for this document ix
audio compression, supported 1-1
auto-registration, using 2-11
online help for 2-11
Cisco Catalyst switches
interaction with 2-2
Cisco IP Phone
adding 2-10
configuring user services 6-8
installation procedure 3-4
installation requirements 1-12
modifying phone button templates 6-5
mounting to wall 3-7
power sources 2-7
registering 2-10
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resetting 6-12
DHCP
supported networking protocols 1-7
adding phones that use 2-12
technical specifications A-1
disabling 5-11
troubleshooting 6-1
enabling 5-10
using LDAP directories 6-8
releasing addresses 5-12
Cisco IP Phone 7910, features 1-5
directory numbers
assigning manually 2-12
Cisco IP Phone 7914 Expansion Module
configuring IP Phone for 2-15
displaying, network statistics 6-8
connecting footstand for 4-12
DNS servers, assigning 5-19
features of 4-1
documentation
installing preparation 4-2
additional xi
speed dial service for 2-16
for users 6-10
startup process 4-14
domain name, assigning 5-18
steps for connecting 4-4
troubleshooting 6-27
Cisco IP Phone 7940, features 1-2
E
Cisco IP Phone 7960, features 1-2
erasing, local configuration 6-13
configuring
Expansion Module
LDAP directories 6-8
configuring IP Phone for 2-15
phone button templates 6-5
connecting footstand for 4-12
ports 5-25
features of 4-1
startup network settings 3-10
installing preparation 4-2
user features 6-5
speed dial service for 2-16
VLAN settings 5-20
startup process 4-14
conventions xvi
steps for connecting 4-4
troubleshooting 6-27
D
default gateway, assigning 5-15
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Index
F
L
features
LDAP directories, using with Cisco IP
Phone 6-8
configuring on phone 1-11
configuring with Cisco CallManager 1-10
local configuration, erasing 6-13
informing users about 1-11
phone features (table) 6-2
N
firmware
updating 6-14
network connections
access port 2-7
verifying version 6-11
network port 2-6
networking protocol
H
BootP 1-7
CDP 1-7
headset
DHCP 1-8
supported types 2-9
IP 1-8
using 2-9
RTP 1-8
TFTP 1-9
I
UPD 1-9
inline switching module, providing power
using 2-7
networking protocols, supported 1-7
networking settings, accessing 5-2
network port, purpose 2-6
installing
Cisco CallManager configuration 3-2
network settings
network requirements 3-2
accessing 5-2
preparation for Expansion Module 4-2
startup configuration 3-10
preparing 2-10
procedure 3-4
safety warnings 3-3
IP address, assigning 5-14
P
phone button templates
7910, default template 6-7
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Index
7914 Expansion Module, default
template 6-7
subscribing to 6-8
startup process
7940, default template 6-6
accessing TFTP server 2-5
7960, default template 6-6
configuring VLAN 2-4
modifying 6-5
contacting Cisco CallManager 2-5
phones
for Expansion Module 4-14
features described (table) 6-2
loading stored phone image 2-4
plugging in Cisco IP Phone 3-4
obtaining IP address 2-4
ports, configuring 5-25
obtaining power 2-4
power patch panel, providing power using 2-7
requesting configuration file 2-5
power source
understanding 2-3
design of 2-7
external 2-7
verifying 3-9
statistics
for Expansion Module 4-11
for current call 6-2
inline power from Cisco Catalyst
switches 2-7
power patch panel 2-7
redundancy for 2-8
for network 6-8
status, viewing messages 6-3
subnet mask, assigning 5-17
T
R
resetting, Cisco IP phone 6-12
technical specifications, for Cisco IP
Phone A-1
templates, phone button
7910, default 6-7
S
7914 Expansion Module, default 6-7
safety warnings
for Expansion Module installation 4-3
for installation 3-3
services
7940, default 6-6
7960, default 6-6
TFTP server
assigning 5-21
configuring for users 6-8
using alternate 5-23
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Index
troubleshooting
Cisco IP Phone 6-1
Expansion Module 6-27
U
understanding
interactions with Cisco CallManager 2-2
interactions with Cisco Catalyst switches 2-2
startup process 2-3
users
adding to Cisco CallManager 6-5
V
verifying
firmware version 6-11
startup process 3-9
VLAN settings
configuring 5-20
W
wall mounting, Cisco IP Phone 3-7
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Index
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