Cisco Systems 7911G IP Phone User Manual

2004 Pontiac Aztek Owner Manual
Seats and Restraint Systems ........................... 1-1
Front Seats ............................................... 1-2
Rear Seats
............................................... 1-6
Safety Belts ............................................. 1-12
Child Restraints
....................................... 1-39
Air Bag Systems
...................................... 1-61
Restraint System Check
............................ 1-71
Features and Controls ..................................... 2-1
Keys
........................................................ 2-2
Doors and Locks
....................................... 2-7
Windows ................................................. 2-12
Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................ 2-14
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle
........... 2-18
Mirrors .................................................... 2-31
OnStar® System
...................................... 2-32
Storage Areas
......................................... 2-34
Sunroof
.................................................. 2-48
Instrument Panel ............................................. 3-1
Instrument Panel Overview .......................... 3-4
Climate Controls
...................................... 3-24
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
......... 3-31
Message Center ....................................... 3-43
Driver Information Center (DIC)
.................. 3-53
Audio System(s) ....................................... 3-64
M
Driving Your Vehicle ....................................... 4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
..... 4-2
Towing
................................................... 4-34
Service and Appearance Care .......................... 5-1
Service ..................................................... 5-3
Fuel ......................................................... 5-4
Checking Things Under the Hood
............... 5-10
All-Wheel Drive
........................................ 5-48
Bulb Replacement
.................................... 5-50
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
......... 5-56
Tires
...................................................... 5-58
Appearance Care
................................... 5-103
Vehicle Identification
............................... 5-111
Electrical System
.................................... 5-112
Capacities and Specifications
................... 5-118
.....................................
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ................................ 6-2
Customer Assistance Information .................... 7-1
Customer Assistance Information .................. 7-2
Reporting Safety Defects ........................... 7-11
Index .................................................................1
Canadian Owners
You can obtain a French copy of this manual from your
dealer or from:
Helm, Incorporated
P.O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, PONTIAC,
the PONTIAC Emblem and the name AZTEK are
registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes
after that time without further notice. For vehicles first
sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of
Canada Limited” for Pontiac Division whenever it
appears in this manual.
About Driving Your Vehicle
As with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate this
vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident. See Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle
on page 4-2.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the
new owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 10337756 A First Edition
ii
© Copyright General Motors Corporation 05/30/03
All Rights Reserved
How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If
you do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you will find
that pictures and words work together to explain things.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what
is in the manual, and the page number where you will
find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about
things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the
warning.
{CAUTION:
These mean there is something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is.
Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you
or others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t let
this happen.”
iii
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Vehicle Symbols
Also, in this book you will find these notices:
Your vehicle has components and labels that use
symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle,
are shown along with the text describing the operation
or information relating to a specific component, control,
message, gage or indicator.
Notice: These mean there is something that could
damage your vehicle.
A notice will tell you about something that can damage
your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be
covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the
notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION
and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in
different words.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
If you need help figuring out a specific name of a
component, gage or indicator, reference the following
topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1
Features and Controls in Section 2
Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3
Climate Controls in Section 3
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators in Section 3
Audio System(s) in Section 3
Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5
These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:
v
✍ NOTES
vi
Section 1
Seats and Restraint Systems
Front Seats ......................................................1-2
Manual Passenger Seat ..................................1-2
Six-Way Power Seats .....................................1-2
Manual Lumbar ..............................................1-3
Heated Seats .................................................1-3
Reclining Seatbacks ........................................1-4
Head Restraints .............................................1-5
Rear Seats .......................................................1-6
Rear Seat Operation .......................................1-6
Split Bench Seats ...........................................1-6
Safety Belts ...................................................1-12
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................1-12
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......1-17
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................1-18
Driver Position ..............................................1-18
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................1-26
Right Front Passenger Position .......................1-27
Rear Seat Passengers ..................................1-28
Center Rear Passenger Position .....................1-32
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults .......................................1-34
Safety Belt Extender .....................................1-38
Child Restraints .............................................1-39
Older Children ..............................................1-39
Infants and Young Children ............................1-41
Child Restraint Systems .................................1-45
Where to Put the Restraint .............................1-48
Top Strap ....................................................1-49
Top Strap Anchor Location .............................1-50
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System) ......................1-52
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System ...............................1-54
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position ................................1-54
Securing a Child Restraint in a Center
Rear Seat Position ....................................1-56
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position ....................................1-59
Air Bag Systems ............................................1-61
Where Are the Air Bags? ...............................1-64
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ....................1-67
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .....................1-68
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .....................1-68
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? .......1-69
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .........1-71
Restraint System Check ..................................1-71
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................1-71
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash ............................................1-72
1-1
Front Seats
Six-Way Power Seats
Manual Passenger Seat
Pull up on the lever,
located on the front of the
seat, to unlock and
move the seat.
Your vehicle may have this
feature. If it does, the
six-way power seat control
is located on the outboard
sides of the driver’s and
front passenger’s seats.
• Move the front of the control up or down to adjust the
front portion of the cushion up or down.
• Move the rear of the control up or down to adjust the
rear portion of the cushion up or down.
Slide the seat to where you want it and release the
lever. To make sure the seat is locked into place, try to
move the seat back and forth with your body.
• Lift up or push down on the whole control to move
the entire seat up or down.
• To move the whole seat forward or rearward, slide
the control forward or rearward.
1-2
Manual Lumbar
Heated Seats
The knob that controls this
feature is located on the
outboard sides of the
driver’s and front
passenger’s seats.
Turn the knob toward the front of the vehicle to increase
lumbar support. Turn the knob toward the rear of the
vehicle to decrease lumbar support.
Your vehicle may have
heated seats. If it does,
the heated seat switches
are located in the
instrument panel
switchbank.
This feature will quickly heat the seat cushions and
lower back of the driver’s and front passenger’s seat.
The left switch is for the driver’s seat and the right switch
is for the front passenger’s seat.
Press the top of the switch to turn the heater on. Press
the bottom of the switch to turn the heater off. The
heated seat switch will turn off when the ignition
is turned to OFF and will resume operation when the
ignition is turned to ON, unless the switch is turned off.
1-3
Reclining Seatbacks
To adjust the seatback, pull up on the recliner lever
located on the outboard sides of both the driver’s and
front passenger’s seats. Release the lever to lock the
seatback where you want it. Push and pull on the seat to
make sure it’s locked into position. Pull up on the lever,
and the seat will go to its original upright position.
1-4
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is
moving.
Head Restraints
{CAUTION:
Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle
is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you
buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job
when you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be
in front of you. In a crash you could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash
the belt could go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries.
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well back in the seat and wear your safety belt
properly.
Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint
is closest to the top of your head. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
The front seat head restraints are adjustable. Slide the
head restraint up or down to adjust it.
The rear seat head restraints in your vehicle may be
adjustable. They work the same as the front seat head
restraints.
1-5
Rear Seats
Rear Seat Operation
The rear seats in your vehicle have seat operating
features to adjust, fold, remove and reinstall the seats.
By using the seat operating procedures, in the
correct order, you can easily remove the seats from
your vehicle.
When you put the seats back in the vehicle, be sure to
follow the label on the back of the seat for proper
location.
Split Bench Seats
The seatbacks can be folded forward or reclined
individually and the sections can be flipped forward or
removed individually.
1-6
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks
{CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
To recline the seatbacks
lift up on the recliner lever
located on the outboard
side of the seatback.
Removing the Split Bench Seat
Each section of the split bench seat can be flipped
forward or removed individually.
Move the seatback to the desired position.
It is easier to raise or lower the seatback if you lean
forward and take the weight off the seatback.
To fold the seatback forward lift up on the recliner lever
and fold the seatback forward. The seatback will lock
into place.
Lift up on the lever again to raise the seatback. The
seatback will lock into place when you push it back to
the upright position.
After raising a seatback to an upright position, push and
pull on the seatback to check that it is locked upright.
1. Unlatch the shoulder belt from the lap belt.
2. Make sure the seatback is in the upright position.
3. Lift the seatback recliner lever to fold the seatback
forward.
1-7
4. Pull the lever, located at the base on the outboard
side of the seat, to release the rear latches from the
floor pins and flip the seat forward.
The seat can stay in this position or it can be
removed from the vehicle by following the
next steps.
1-8
5. To release the front latches, squeeze the angled
latch release bar toward the straight crossbar.
6. Remove the seat by rocking it slightly toward the
rear of the vehicle and then pulling it out.
Repeat these steps for the other section of the split
bench seat.
Replacing the Split Bench Seats
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move
forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could
cause injury to the person sitting there. Always
press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is
locked.
{CAUTION:
A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can
move around in a collision or sudden stop.
People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure
to lock the seat into place properly when
installing it.
A safety belt that is improperly routed, not
properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the
protection needed in a crash. The person
wearing the belt could be seriously injured.
After installing the seat, always check to be
sure that the safety belts are properly routed
and attached, and are not twisted.
Make sure the seatback is in the folded forward position
and the safety belts are on the correct section of the seat.
Don’t put the sections of the bench seat in so they face
rearward because they won’t latch that way.
The split bench seat sections have seat position labels,
located on the back of each section, showing where
the section must go.
The seat must be placed in the proper location for the
legs to attach correctly.
1-9
2. Make sure the bench
seat is angled so that
the front hooks
clear the floor pins.
If the front legs are not
attached correctly,
the rear legs will not
attach to the rear set of
floor pins.
1. Squeeze the angled latch release bar toward the
straight crossbar while placing the front hooks of
the bench seat onto the front two floor pins.
1-10
3. Firmly push the rear hooks onto the rear floor pins
by pushing down on the rear of the seat.
4. Try to raise the seat to check that it is locked down.
5. Lift the seatback recliner lever and raise the
seatback until it locks upright.
6. Push and pull on the seatback to check that it is
locked upright.
7. Attach the lap belt.
1-11
Safety Belts
{CAUTION:
Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety
belts properly. It also tells you some things you should
not do with safety belts.
{CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t
wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a
crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt,
your injuries can be much worse. You can hit
things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it.
You can be seriously injured or killed. In the
same crash, you might not be, if you are
buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt,
and check that your passengers’ belts are
fastened properly too.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle
that is not equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a
seat and using a safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a
reminder to buckle up. See
Safety Belt Reminder
Light on page 3-35.
In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law
says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
1-12
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the
facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter... a lot!
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-13
Put someone on it.
1-14
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...
or the instrument panel...
1-15
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-16
Questions and Answers About
Safety Belts
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be – whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of being conscious during and after an accident,
so you can unbuckle and get out, is much greater if
you are belted.
Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why should I wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident – even one that isn’t your fault – you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts – not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for sale has required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
1-17
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different
rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be
riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-39
or Infants and Young Children on page 1-41. Follow
those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here is how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see
how, see “Seats” in the Index.
1-18
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Do not let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-38.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this
applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would
be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen.
This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The
shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across
the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take
belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
1-19
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
To move it down, push down on the button and move
the height adjuster to the desired position.
You can move the adjuster up just by pushing up on the
shoulder belt guide. After you move the adjuster to
where you want it, try to move it down without pushing
the button down to make sure it has locked into
position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt
is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off your
shoulder.
1-20
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give
nearly as much protection this way.
1-21
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal
injuries. Always buckle your belt into the
buckle nearest you.
A:
1-22
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt goes
over an armrest like this. The belt would be
much too high. In a crash, you can slide under
the belt. The belt force would then be applied
at the abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and
that could cause serious or fatal injuries.
Be sure the belt goes under the armrests.
A:
The belt is over an armrest.
1-23
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to
the ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder
bones. You could also severely injure internal
organs like your liver or spleen.
A:
1-24
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
Q: What’s wrong with this?
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt.
In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of
the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is
twisted, make it straight so it can work
properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-25
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage
both the belt and your vehicle.
1-26
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible,
below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-18.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt – except for one thing.
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch
plate and keep pulling until you can buckle the belt.
1-27
Rear Seat Passengers
Lap-Shoulder Belt
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle
up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the
rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those
who are wearing safety belts.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be
thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike
others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt
across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt
go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt
across you more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-28
If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until you can buckle it.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-38.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-29
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and
snug on the hips, just touching the thighs.
In a crash this applies force to the strong pelvic
bones. And you’d be less likely to slide under the lap
belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at
your abdomen. This could cause serious or even
fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
1-30
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or a
crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of
the retractor.
{CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a crash, you would move
forward too much, which could increase injury.
The shoulder belt should fit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the
buckle.
1-31
Center Rear Passenger Position
Lap-Shoulder Belt
If your vehicle has a bench seat, someone can sit in the
center position.
When you sit in the center seating position, you have a
lap safety belt, which has no retractor. You also
have a shoulder belt, which has a retractor. In order to
have the protection of the shoulder belt, you must
first connect it to the lap belt.
1-32
1. Remove the shoulder belt from its stowage location
in the roof and pull it all the way down to the lap belt.
2. Insert the metal knob on the shoulder belt into the
keyhole on the lap belt buckle as shown. Be sure to
slide the shoulder belt part into the keyhole until
it locks into place.
3. To make the lap belt longer, tilt the latch plate and
pull it along the belt.
1-33
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear safety belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown
booster seats and for small adults. When installed on
a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions
the belt away from the neck and head.
There is one guide available for each passenger position
in the second row rear seat. To provide added safety belt
comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints
and booster seats and for smaller adults, the comfort
guides may be installed on the shoulder belts.
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown
until the belt is snug
4. Buckle, position and release the lap-shoulder belt
the same way as the other lap-shoulder belts.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt
Extender on page 1-38.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt
quickly if you ever had to.
1-34
Here’s how to install a comfort guide and use the
safety belt:
2. Place the guide over the belt and insert the two
edges of the belt into the slots of the guide.
Second Row Outside Positions
For second row outside positions do the following:
1. Remove the guide from its storage clip located on
the sidewall next to the outer side of each outside
passenger position.
1-35
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The guide must be on top of the belt.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-28.
Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder.
To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges together so that you can take them out of the
guides. Pull the guide upward to expose its storage
clip, and then slide the guide onto the clip. Turn
the guide and the clip inward, leaving only the loop of
elastic cord exposed.
1-36
Second Row Center Position
For second row center position do the following:
2. Attach the elastic cord to the comfort guide on the
center passenger shoulder belt.
1. Remove the elastic cord from under the head
restraint of the second row driver’s side position.
1-37
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so
the extender will be long enough for you. The extender
will be just for you, and just for the seat in your
vehicle that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it,
and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear
it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The guide must be on top of the belt.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in Center Rear Passenger Position
on page 1-32. Make sure that the shoulder belt
crosses the shoulder.
To remove and store the elastic cord, remove it from
the comfort guide. The elastic cord will go back
under the head restraint.
1-38
Child Restraints
Older Children
Q:
A:
What is the proper way to wear safety belts?
If possible, an older child should wear a
lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a
shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt
should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt
should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the
top of the thighs. It should never be worn over
the abdomen, which could cause severe or even
fatal internal injuries in a crash.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat.
In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike
other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown
out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety
belts properly.
Older children who have outgrown booster seats should
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-39
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt.
The belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, the two children can be
crushed together and seriously injured. A belt
must be used by only one person at a time.
1-40
Q:
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child is so small that the shoulder belt
is very close to the child’s face or neck?
A:
If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window,
move the child toward the center of the vehicle.
If the child is sitting in the center rear seat
passenger position, move the child toward the
safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so
that in a crash the child’s upper body would have
the restraint that belts provide.
If the child is sitting in a rear seat, see Rear Safety
Belt Comfort Guides for Children and Small
Adults on page 1-34.
{CAUTION:
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is
behind the child. If the child wears the belt in
this way, in a crash the child might slide under
the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied
right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause
serious or fatal injuries.
The lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug
on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This
applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.
Infants and Young Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes
infants and all other children. Neither the distance
traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes
the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact,
the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
1-41
Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles,
they should have the protection provided by appropriate
restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s
adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice.
Instead, they need to use a child restraint.
1-42
{CAUTION:
People should never hold a baby in their arms
while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh
much — until a crash. During a crash a baby
will become so heavy it is not possible to hold
it. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph
(40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly
become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on a person’s
arms. A baby should be secured in an
appropriate restraint.
{CAUTION:
Children who are up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulder
belts offer outstanding protection for adults
and older children, but not for young children
and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt
system nor its air bag system is designed for
them. Young children and infants need the
protection that a child restraint system can
provide.
Q: What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints, which are purchased by
the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic
types. Selection of a particular restraint should take
into consideration not only the child’s weight,
height and age but also whether or not the restraint
will be compatible with the motor vehicle in
which it will be used.
1-43
For most basic types of child restraints, there are
many different models available. When purchasing a
child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used
in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a
label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle
safety standards.
The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come
with the restraint state the weight and height
limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition,
there are many kinds of restraints available for
children with special needs.
{CAUTION:
Newborn infants need complete support,
including support for the head and neck. This
is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck
is weak and its head weighs so much
compared with the rest of its body. In a crash,
an infant in a rear-facing seat settles into the
restraint, so the crash forces can be
distributed across the strongest part of an
infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants
always should be secured in appropriate infant
restraints.
1-44
{CAUTION:
The body structure of a young child is quite
unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom
the safety belts are designed. A young child’s
hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s
regular safety belt may not remain low on the
hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle
up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the
belt would apply force on a body area that’s
unprotected by any bony structure. This alone
could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young
children always should be secured in
appropriate child restraints.
Child Restraint Systems
An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a
motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed
to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat
surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward
the center of the vehicle.
A rear-facing infant seat (B) provides restraint with the
seating surface against the back of the infant. The
harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash,
acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.
1-45
A forward-facing child seat (C-E) provides restraint for
the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes
with surfaces such as T-shaped or shelf-like shields.
1-46
A booster seat (F-G) is a child restraint designed to
improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some
booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and
some high-back booster seats have a five-point harness.
A booster seat can also help a child to see out the
window.
Q: How do child restraints work?
A: A child restraint system is any device designed for
use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position
children. A built-in child restraint system is a
permanent part of the motor vehicle. An add-on
child restraint system is a portable one, which
is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.
For many years, add-on child restraints have used
the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help
reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be
secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt
system secures the add-on child restraint in the
vehicle, and the add-on child restraint’s harness
system holds the child in place within the restraint.
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label saying that it meets federal motor
vehicle safety standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured
within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal
injury. When securing an add-on child restraint, refer
to the instructions that come with the restraint which may
be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and
to this manual. The child restraint instructions are
important, so if they are not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
One system, the three-point harness, has straps that
come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and
buckle together at the crotch. The five-point harness
system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a
crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip
straps. A T-shaped shield has shoulder straps that
are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the
child’s body. A shelf- or armrest-type shield has
straps that are attached to a wide, shelf-like shield
that swings up or to the side.
1-47
Where to Put the Restraint
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We,
therefore, recommend that child restraints be secured
in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facing
infant seat, a child riding in a forward-facing child
seat and an older child riding in a booster seat. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in the front passenger
seat. Here’s why:
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can
move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure
people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure
any child restraint in your vehicle – even when no child
is in it.
{CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
If you secure a forward-facing child restraint in
the right front seat, always move the front
passenger seat as far back as it will go.
It is better to secure the child restraint in a
rear seat.
1-48
Top Strap
Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.”
It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision.
For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored
to the vehicle. Some top strap-equipped child restraints
are designed for use with or without the top strap
being anchored. Others require the top strap always to
be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the
instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires that
the top strap be anchored, don’t use the restraint
unless it is anchored properly.
If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can
be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.
Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit
is available.
In Canada, the law requires that forward-facing child
restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be
anchored. In the United States, some child restraints
also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a
top strap, it should be anchored.
1-49
Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor
points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the
same side of the vehicle as the seating position
where the child restraint will be placed. If you have an
adjustable head restraint, route the top strap under it.
If you’re using a top strap-equipped child restraint in the
center rear seat and need to temporarily transport a
flat tire for repair, move the child restraint to a rear seat
outboard position. See Securing a Child Restraint in
a Rear Outside Seat Position on page 1-54 for more on
this, including important safety information.
Once you have the top strap anchored, you’ll be ready
to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top
strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s
instructions say.
1-50
Top Strap Anchor Location
Your vehicle has top strap anchors already installed for
the rear seating positions. An anchor bar for a top
strap is located at the rear of the seat cushion for each
second row outboard seating position and the anchor
bar for the center position bench seat is located on the
floor behind the second row seats. If your vehicle
has the sliding rear convenience tray, you need to
remove a plastic plug and look under the convenience
tray to find the anchor bar for the center position for the
bench seat.
Do not use a child restraint with a top strap in the right
front passenger’s position, because there is no place
to anchor the top strap.
Outside Position Bench Seat
Center Position Bench Seat
1-51
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers
for Children (LATCH System)
Your vehicle has the LATCH system. You will find
anchors (A) in both rear seat outside passenger
positions.
This system, designed to make installation of child
restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts.
Instead, it uses vehicle anchors (A, B) and child
restraint attachments to secure the restraints. Some
restraints also use another vehicle anchor to secure a
top tether strap (C).
1-52
To assist you in locating
the lower anchors for this
child restraint system,
each seating position with
the LATCH system has
a label on the seatback.
The labels are located at each lower anchor position
near the base of the rear seat outside passenger
positions.
{CAUTION:
In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you
need a child restraint designed for that system.
If a LATCH-type child restraint isn’t attached to
its anchorage points, the restraint won’t be
able to protect a child sitting there. In a crash,
the child could be seriously injured or killed.
Make sure that a LATCH-type child restraint is
properly installed using the anchorage points,
or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the
restraint. See ″Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Outside Seat Position″ in the Index for
information on how to secure a child restraint
in your vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-53
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
1. Find the anchors for the seating position you want
to use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the
back of the seat cushion.
2. Put the child restraint on the seat.
3. Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the
anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint
instructions will show you how.
4. If the child restraint is forward-facing, attach the top
strap to the top strap anchor. See Top Strap on
page 1-49. Tighten the top strap according to
the child restraint instructions.
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-52. See Top Strap
on page 1-49 if the child restraint has one.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap shoulder belt to secure the
restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top
strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect the
anchor points.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
1-54
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-55
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Center Rear Seat Position
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-52. See Top Strap
on page 1-49 if the child restraint has one.
4. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint. If
you are using a forward-facing child restraint, you
may find it helpful to use you knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
5. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-56
If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system,
you will be using the lap-shoulder belt to secure the
child restraint in the center rear seating position.
To secure a child restraint in this position, you’ll use
only the lap part of the belt. Disconnect the shoulder part
of the belt and store it before securing child restraint.
See Center Rear Passenger Position on page 1-32.
If you’re using a top strap-equipped child restraint in the
center rear seat and need to temporarily transport a
flat tire for repair, move the child restraint to a rear seat
outboard position. See Securing a Child Restraint in
a Rear Outside Seat Position on page 1-54 for more on
this, including important safety information.
Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the
child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint
when and as the instructions say.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-57
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it helpful
to use your knee to push the child restraint as
you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. When you remove the child restraint, be
sure to reconnect the lap and shoulder parts of the belt
so they will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-58
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position
Here is why:
{CAUTION:
If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH
system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) on page 1-52. See Top Strap
on page 1-49 if the child restraint has one.
Your vehicle has a front passenger air bag.
Never put a rear facing child restraint in this seat.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured or killed if the front
passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraint
would be very close to the inflating air bag.
Always secure a rear-facing child restraint in a
rear seat.
A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facing
child restraint. If you need to secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right front seat, you will be using the
lap-shoulder belt. Be sure to follow the instructions
that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the
child restraint when and as the instructions say.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger’s
air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will
go before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
See Manual Passenger Seat on page 1-2.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
1-59
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-60
Air Bag Systems
This part explains the frontal and side impact air bag
systems.
Your vehicle has air bags – a frontal air bag for the
driver and another frontal air bag for the right front
passenger. Your vehicle may also have a side impact
air bag. Side impact air bags are available for the driver
and right front passenger.
If your vehicle has a side impact air bag for the driver
and/or the right front passenger, the words AIR BAG will
appear on the air bag covering on the side of the
seatback closest to the door.
5. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt
while you push down on the child restraint. You
may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on
the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety
belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an
adult or larger child passenger.
1-61
Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of
injury from the force of an inflating frontal air bag.
But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their
job and comply with federal regulations.
Here are the most important things to know about the
air bag systems:
{CAUTION:
You can be severely injured or killed in a crash
if you aren’t wearing your safety belt – even if
you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt
during a crash helps reduce your chance of
hitting things inside the vehicle or being
ejected from it. Air bags are designed to work
with safety belts but don’t replace them.
Frontal air bags for the driver and right front
passenger are designed to deploy only in
moderate to severe frontal and near frontal
CAUTION:
1-62
(Continued)
CAUTION:
(Continued)
crashes. They aren’t designed to inflate at all
in rollover, rear or low-speed frontal crashes,
or in many side crashes. And, for some
unrestrained occupants, frontal air bags may
provide less protection in frontal crashes than
more forceful air bags have provided in
the past.
The side impact air bags for the driver and
right front passenger are designed to inflate
only in moderate to severe crashes where
something hits the side of your vehicle. They
aren’t designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover
or in rear crashes.
Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety
belt properly – whether or not there’s an air
bag for that person.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Both frontal and side impact air bags inflate
with great force, faster than the blink of an eye.
If you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you
would be if you were leaning forward, it could
seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you
in position for air bag inflation before and
during a crash. Always wear your safety belt,
even with frontal air bags. The driver should sit
as far back as possible while still maintaining
control of the vehicle. Front occupants should
not lean on or sleep against the door.
Anyone who is up against, or very close to,
any air bag when it inflates can be seriously
injured or killed. Air bags plus
lap-shoulderbelts offer the best protection for
adults, butnot for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its
air bag system is designed for them. Young
children and infants need the protection that a
child restraint system can provide. Always
secure children properly in your vehicle. To
read how, see the part of this manual called
“Older Children” or “Infants and Young
Children.”
1-63
There is an air bag
readiness light on the
instrument panel cluster,
which shows the air
bag symbol.
Where Are the Air Bags?
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-35
for more information.
The driver’s frontal air bag is in the middle of the
steering wheel.
1-64
The right front passenger’s frontal air bag is in the
instrument panel on the passenger’s side.
If your vehicle has one, the driver’s side impact
air bag is in the side of the driver’s seatback closest to
the door.
1-65
{CAUTION:
If something is between an occupant and an
air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person causing
severe injury or even death. The path of an
inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put
anything between an occupant and an air bag,
and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering. Don’t let seat covers block the
inflation path of a side impact air bag.
If your vehicle has one, the right front passenger’s side
impact air bag is in the side of the passenger’s
seatback closest to the door.
1-66
When Should an Air Bag Inflate?
The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal air bags
are designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal crashes. But they are designed to inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s
designed “threshold level.”
If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn’t
move or deform, the threshold level is about 12
to 19 mph (19 to 31 km/h). The threshold level can vary,
however, with specific vehicle design, so that it can
be somewhat above or below this range.
If your vehicle strikes something that will move or
deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be
higher. The driver’s and right front passenger’s frontal
air bags are not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear
impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation
would not help the occupant.
Your vehicle may or may not have a side impact air
bag. See Air Bag Systems on page 1-61. Side impact air
bags are designed to inflate in moderate to severe
side crashes. A side impact air bag will inflate if
the crash severity is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” The threshold level can vary with
specific vehicle design. Side impact air bags are
not designed to inflate in frontal or near-frontal impacts,
rollovers or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant. A side impact air bag will only deploy
on the side of the vehicle that is struck.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
For frontal air bags, inflation is determined by the angle
of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down
in frontal and near-frontal impacts. For side impact
air bags, inflation is determined by the location
and severity of the impact.
1-67
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. For
both frontal and side impact air bags, the sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, the air bag and
related hardware are all part of the air bag modules.
Frontal air bag modules are located inside the steering
wheel and instrument panel. For vehicles with side
impact air bags, the air bag modules are located in the
seatback closest to the driver’s and/or right front
passenger’s door.
How Does an Air Bag Restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side
collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside
of the vehicle. The air bag supplements the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of
the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the
frontal air bags would not help you in many types
1-68
of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many
side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not toward the air bag. Side impact air bags would not
help you in many types of collisions, including frontal
or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded
as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and
then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontal
collisions for the driver’s and right front passenger’s
frontal air bags, and only in moderate to severe
side collisions for vehicles with a driver’s and right front
passenger’s side impact air bag.
What Will You See After an Air Bag
Inflates?
After the air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module will be
hot for a short time. These components include the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s frontal air bag and the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s frontal
air bag. For vehicles with side impact air bags, the side
of the seatback closest to the driver’s and/or right
front passenger’s door will be hot. The parts of the bag
that come into contact with you may be warm, but
not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from the vents in the deflated air bags. Air
bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop
people from leaving the vehicle.
{CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in
the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to do so. If you have breathing problems but
can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get fresh air by opening a
window or a door. If you experience breathing
problems following an air bag deployment, you
should seek medical attention.
1-69
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
• Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After an
air bag inflates, you’ll need some new parts for
your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air
bag system won’t be there to help protect you
in another crash. A new system will include air bag
modules and possibly other parts. The service
manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace
other parts.
• Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information
about the frontal air bag system. The module
records information about the readiness of the
system, when the system commands air bag
inflation and driver’s safety belt usage at
deployment. The module also records speed,
engine rpm, brake and throttle data.
• Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
systems. Improper service can mean that an air
bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
service.
1-70
Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s
or the right front passenger’s air bag, or the air
bag covering on the driver’s and right front
passenger’s seatback, the bag may not work
properly. You may have to replace the air bag
module in the steering wheel, both the air bag
module and the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s air bag, or both the air bag module
and seatback for the driver’s and right front
passenger’s side impact air bag. Do not open or
break the air bag coverings.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped
Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are parts of the air bag systems in several places
around your vehicle. Your dealer and the service
manual have information about servicing your vehicle
and the air bag systems. To purchase a service manual,
see Service Publications Ordering Information on
page 7-13.
{CAUTION:
For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an
air bag can still inflate during improper
service. You can be injured if you are close to
an air bag when it inflates. Avoid yellow
connectors. They are probably part of the air
bag system. Be sure to follow proper service
procedures, and make sure the person
performing work for you is qualified to do so.
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors
and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see
anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing
its job, have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt
is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
The air bag systems do not need regular maintenance.
1-71
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
{CAUTION:
A crash can damage the restraint systems in
your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may
not properly protect the person using it,
resulting in serious injury or even death in a
crash. To help make sure your restraint
systems are working properly after a crash,
have them inspected and any necessary
replacements made as soon as possible.
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH
system parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if
worn during a more severe crash, then you need
new parts.
1-72
If the LATCH system was being used during a more
severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH
system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced.
New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt
or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of
the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
Section 2
Features and Controls
Keys ...............................................................2-2
Remote Keyless Entry System .........................2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........2-4
Doors and Locks .............................................2-7
Door Locks ....................................................2-7
Power Door Locks ..........................................2-8
Delayed Locking .............................................2-8
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ................2-9
Rear Door Security Locks ................................2-9
Lockout Protection ........................................2-10
Leaving Your Vehicle ....................................2-10
Liftgate/Tailgate ............................................2-10
Windows ........................................................2-12
Power Windows ............................................2-13
Sun Visors ...................................................2-13
Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................2-14
Content Theft-Deterrent .................................2-14
PASS-Key® III ..............................................2-16
PASS-Key® III Operation ...............................2-16
Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................2-18
New Vehicle Break-In ....................................2-18
Ignition Positions ..........................................2-18
Starting Your Engine .....................................2-20
Engine Coolant Heater ..................................2-21
Automatic Transaxle Operation .......................2-22
Parking Brake ..............................................2-25
Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................2-26
Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................2-28
Parking Over Things That Burn .......................2-28
Engine Exhaust ............................................2-29
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....2-30
Mirrors ...........................................................2-31
Manual Rearview Mirror .................................2-31
Outside Power Mirrors ...................................2-31
Outside Convex Mirror ...................................2-31
OnStar® System .............................................2-32
Storage Areas ................................................2-34
Glove Box ...................................................2-34
Cupholder(s) ................................................2-34
Overhead Console ........................................2-34
Front Door Utility Packs .................................2-36
Console/Cooler .............................................2-36
Rear Storage Area ........................................2-37
Roof Rack System ........................................2-38
Convenience Net ..........................................2-41
Cargo Cover ................................................2-42
Cargo Net System ........................................2-42
Sliding Rear Convenience Tray .......................2-43
Sunroof .........................................................2-48
2-1
Keys
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition
key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or
others could be badly injured or even killed.
They could operate the power windows or
other controls or even make the vehicle move.
Do not leave the keys in a vehicle with
children.
Your vehicle’s key can be used for the ignition as well as
the driver’s door lock, the liftgate/tailgate lock, and the
storage compartments. If you need a new key, contact
your dealer, who can obtain the correct key code.
2-2
Your vehicle has the PASS-Key® III vehicle theft
system. The key has a transponder in the key head that
matches a decoder in the vehicle’s steering column.
If a replacement key or any additional key is needed,
you must purchase this key from your dealer. The
key will have PK3 stamped on it. Keep the bar code tag
that came with the original keys. Give this tag to your
dealer if you need a new key made.
Any new PASS-Key® III key must be programmed
before it will start your vehicle. See PASS-Key® III on
page 2-16 for more information on programming
your new key.
Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle,
you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.
Be sure you have spare keys.
If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, see
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6 for more
information.
If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar ® system
with an active subscription and you lock your keys inside
the vehicle, OnStar ® may be able to send a command
to unlock your vehicle. See OnStar® System on
page 2-32 for more information.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Your keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause interference, and
2. This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
2-3
At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is
normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the
transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer
to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:
• Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during
rainy or snowy weather.
• Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may
be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the
left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and
try again.
Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation
With this feature, you can
lock and unlock your doors
from about 3 feet (1 m)
up to 30 feet (9 m)
away using the remote
keyless entry transmitter
supplied with your vehicle.
• Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See “Battery Replacement” under
Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on
page 2-4.
• If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
UNLOCK: Press UNLOCK to unlock only the driver’s
door. If you press UNLOCK again within five seconds,
the passengers’ doors will unlock.
If you would like all the doors to unlock the first time
you press UNLOCK, and your vehicle is equipped with
the Driver Information Center (DIC), see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-57.
2-4
The UNLOCK button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter will disarm the content theft-deterrent system.
See Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-14 for more
information.
If you would like to program the way the headlamps and
parking lamps operate with remote unlock confirmation,
and your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), see DIC Vehicle Personalization on
page 3-57.
LOCK: To lock all doors, press LOCK.
The LOCK button on the remote keyless entry
transmitter will arm the content theft-deterrent system.
See Content Theft-Deterrent on page 2-14 for more
information.
If you would like to program the way the headlamps,
parking lamps and horn operate with remote lock
confirmation,and your vehicle is equipped with the Driver
Information Center (DIC), see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-57.
REAR: To unlock the liftgate/tailgate, press REAR. See
Liftgate/Tailgate on page 2-10 for more information.
Remote Alarm
L(Horn): Press this button to make the headlamps
and parking lamps flash and the horn to sound. This will
allow you to attract attention, if needed.
Press the horn symbol again to stop the alarm from
sounding.
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your
Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can
be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring
any remaining transmitters with you when you go to
your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement
transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock
your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four
transmitters matched to it.
See your dealer to match transmitters to another
vehicle.
2-5
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about three years.
1. Insert a flat object, such as a coin, into the slot on
the side of the transmitter and twist to separate the
halves.
2. Gently pry the battery out of the transmitter. Do not
use the metal flanges to pop out the battery.
3. Replace the battery.
4. Reassemble the transmitter. Make sure the halves
are snapped together tightly so water will not get in.
5. Press and hold the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons for
seven seconds to synchronize the transmitter.
United States
Canada
You can tell the battery is weak if the KEY FOB
BATTERY LOW message appears in the message
center. If you get this message, the battery in the key
fob needs to be replaced.
Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to
touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage the
transmitter.
2-6
6. Check the transmitter operation.
Doors and Locks
Door Locks
{CAUTION:
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
• Passengers — especially children — can
easily open the doors and fall out of a
moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the
handle will not open it. You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle
in a crash if the doors are not locked.
So, wear safety belts properly and lock the
doors whenever you drive.
• Young children who get into unlocked
vehicles may be unable to get out. A child
can be overcome by extreme heat and can
suffer permanent injuries or even death
from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle
whenever you leave it.
• Outsiders can easily enter through an
unlocked door when you slow down or
stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can
help prevent this from happening.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key or the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
To unlock the driver’s door from the outside with the
key, insert the key and turn it toward the front of
the vehicle. To lock the driver’s door from the outside
with your key, insert the key and turn it toward the rear
of the vehicle.
From the inside, use the manual or power door locks.
To unlock either front door from the inside, pull back on
the manual lever. To lock either front door from the
inside, push the manual lever forward.
2-7
Power Door Locks
Delayed Locking
The power door lock
switch is located on the
driver’s and front
passenger’s door armrest.
With the delayed locking feature, the doors will not lock
immediately when locking the doors using the power
door lock switch or when LOCK on the remote keyless
entry transmitter is pressed while any door is open.
Instead, three chimes will be heard to indicate that the
delayed locking feature is in operation. Five seconds
after all doors are closed, the doors will lock
automatically.
If the ignition is in ON or ACCESSORY, this feature will
not lock the doors.
Press the front of the switch to lock all doors, or press
the rear of the switch to unlock all doors.
The rear doors do not have power door lock switches.
Instead, each rear door has a manual lever that
works only that door’s lock.
If your vehicle is equipped with the content
theft-deterrent system, the power door lock switch may
cause the system to arm. See Content Theft-Deterrent
on page 2-14 for more information.
2-8
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), see DIC Vehicle Personalization on
page 3-57 to program the delayed locking feature.
Programmable Automatic
Door Locks
2. On the inside of the rear
door will be a lock.
Push the lever up to
engage the safety lock.
All of the doors will automatically lock when all doors
are closed, the engine is running and the shift lever
is shifted out of PARK (P). All of the doors will
automatically unlock when the shift lever is shifted into
PARK (P).
With the automatic door lock feature, you can still lock
or unlock the doors at any time, either manually, with the
power door lock switches or by pressing LOCK on the
remote keyless entry transmitter. See Remote Keyless
Entry System Operation on page 2-4 for more
information.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), see DIC Vehicle Personalization on
page 3-57 to program the automatic door lock feature.
Rear Door Security Locks
Your vehicle is equipped with rear door security locks
that help prevent passengers from opening the rear
doors on your vehicle from the inside. To use one
of these locks do the following:
3. Close the door.
4. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 for the other rear
door lock.
The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from
inside the vehicle when this feature is in use. If you
want to open the rear door when the security lock is on,
unlock the door from the inside and then open the
door from the outside.
1. Open one of the rear doors.
2-9
Canceling the Rear Door Security
Locks
1. Unlock and open the rear door from the outside.
2. Push the lever down to disengage the safety lock.
3. Close the door.
4. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 for the other rear
door lock.
The rear door locks will now work normally.
Lockout Protection
The lockout protection feature may prevent you from
locking your key in your vehicle. Pressing the power
door lock switch will lock all doors, then unlock
the driver’s door, if the key is in the ignition when a door
is opened.
If you leave the key in your vehicle but not in the
ignition or if you use the manual door lock, you could
still lock the key in the vehicle. Always remember to take
the key with you.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, take your key, open your
door and set the locks from the inside. Then get out
and close the door.
2-10
Liftgate/Tailgate
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to drive with the
liftgate/tailgate open because carbon monoxide
(CO) gas can come into your vehicle. You can
not see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness and even death. If you must
drive with the liftgate/tailgate open or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections
must pass through the seal between the body
and the liftgate/tailgate:
• Make sure all other windows are shut.
• Turn the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed and select the
control setting that will force outside air
into your vehicle. See Climate Control
System on page 3-24.
• If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See Engine Exhaust on page 2-29.
Liftgate/Tailgate Release
To open the liftgate from
the inside of the vehicle,
press the liftgate release
button located on the
instrument panel
switchbank.
To open the liftgate from the outside of the vehicle,
insert the key into the lock and turn it clockwise, or press
REAR on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Your vehicle must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) for
the liftgate to release.
The liftgate will lock when closed. You will have to use
one of the previous options to open the liftgate again.
The liftgate must be opened to release the tailgate.
Once the liftgate is opened, reach inside the tailgate to
lift the handle. Open the tailgate.
Make sure the tailgate is closed before closing the
liftgate.
Notice: If you close the tailgate without first
closing the liftgate glass, damage or breakage may
occur. Always close the liftgate glass first.
2-11
Windows
{CAUTION:
Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows
closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome
by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent
injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never
leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with
the windows closed in warm or hot weather.
2-12
Power Windows
Express-Down Window
The driver’s window switch also has an express-down
feature. This switch is labeled AUTO. To activate the
express-down feature, push the rear of the driver’s
window switch to the second position, then release it. The
window will lower completely.
To stop the window while it is lowering, press the front
of the switch. To raise the window, press and hold
the front of the switch.
Window Lock Out
Switches on the driver’s door armrest control each of
the windows when the ignition is in ON, ACCESSORY,
or when Retained Accessory Power is active. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under Ignition
Positions on page 2-18 for more information. In addition,
each passenger’s door has a window switch.
The driver’s power window switch has two down
positions. Push the rear of the switch to the first position
to lower the window normally.
Press the rear of any passenger window switch and that
window will open. Press the front of any switch to
close the window.
The driver’s window controls also include a lock-out
switch. Press the right side of the WDO LOCK switch to
stop rear passengers from lowering their window.
The driver can still control all of the windows with the
lock on. Press the other side of the WDO LOCK switch
for normal window operation.
Sun Visors
To block out glare you can swing down the visors. You
can also remove them from the center mount and
swing them to the side. There may be an extension on
the inboard side of the sun visors. Pull the extension
out to block out glare.
Visor Vanity Mirror
Pull down the sun visor. Flip up the cover to expose the
vanity mirror.
2-13
Theft-Deterrent Systems
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make it
impossible to steal.
Content Theft-Deterrent
Your vehicle may have a theft-deterrent alarm system.
A light located on top of
the instrument panel will
flash slowly to let you know
that the system has
been armed.
Once armed, the alarm will go off if someone tries to
open one of the doors on the vehicle without the remote
keyless entry transmitter or the key, or tries to turn
the ignition without using the correct key. The horn will
sound and the headlamps and parking lamps will
flash any time the alarm sounds.
If you would like to change the way the headlamps,
parking lamps and horn operate with the content
theft-deterrent system, and your vehicle is equipped
with the Driver Information Center (DIC), see DIC
Vehicle Personalization on page 3-57.
When the content theft-deterrent system is armed, the
liftgate/tailgate may be opened by using one of the
following methods:
• From the outside, insert the key into the lock and
turn it clockwise.
• Press REAR on the remote keyless entry
transmitter.
While armed, the doors will not unlock with the power
door lock switch.
2-14
Arming with the Power Lock Switch
Your alarm system will arm when you use either power
door lock switch to lock the doors while any door or
the liftgate/tailgate is open and the key is removed from
the ignition. The security light will start flashing to let
you know the system is armed.
Within five seconds after the security light begins to
flash, any door can be manually unlocked and opened,
without sounding the alarm. A door unlocked manually
will remain unlocked until locked again.
If LOCK is pressed on your remote keyless entry
transmitter twice within five seconds, any door can be
manually unlocked and opened within five seconds after
the security light begins to flash, without sounding the
alarm. A door unlocked manually will remain unlocked
until locked again.
Disarming with Your Key
Your alarm system will disarm when you use your key to
unlock the driver’s door. The security light will stop
flashing to let you know the system is no longer armed.
Arming with the Remote Keyless Entry
Transmitter
Disarming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
Your alarm system will arm when you press LOCK once
on your remote keyless entry transmitter to lock the
doors. The security light will come on for 30 seconds
and then start flashing to let you know the system
is armed.
Your alarm system will disarm when you press UNLOCK
on your remote keyless entry transmitter to unlock the
doors. The security light will stop flashing to let you know
the system is no longer armed.
Within the 30 second delay after the security light
comes on, and an additional five seconds after the light
begins to flash, any door can be manually unlocked
and opened, without sounding the alarm.
2-15
PASS-Key® III
Your PASS-Key® III system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than
an authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
PASS-Key® III uses a radio frequency transponder in
the key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
2-16
PASS-Key® III Operation
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key® III
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key® III is a passive
theft deterrent system.
This means you don’t have
to do anything different
to arm or disarm the
system. It works when you
insert or remove the key
from the ignition.
When the PASS-Key® III system senses that someone
is using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s
starter and fuel systems. The starter will not work and
fuel will stop being delivered to the engine. Anyone
using a trial-and-error method to start the vehicle will be
discouraged because of the high number of electrical
key codes.
When trying to start the vehicle if the engine does not
start and the SECURITY message comes on, the
key may have a damaged transponder. Turn the ignition
off and try again.
If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to
be undamaged, try another ignition key. At this time,
you may also want to check the fuse. See Fuses
and Circuit Breakers on page 5-113. If the engine still
does not start with the other key, your vehicle needs
service. If your vehicle does start, the first key may be
faulty. See your dealer who can service the
PASS-Key® III to have a new key made.
It is possible for the PASS-Key® III decoder to learn the
transponder value of a new or replacement key. Up to
10 total keys may be programmed for the vehicle. This
procedure is for learning additional keys only. If all the
currently programmed keys are lost or do not operate,
you must see your dealer or a locksmith who can service
PASS-Key® III to have keys made and programmed to
the system.
See your dealer who can service PASS-Key® III to get a
new key blank that is a cut exactly as the ignition key
that operates the system.
Canadian Owners: If you lose or damage your keys,
only a GM dealer can service PASS-Key® III to
have new keys made. To program additional keys you
will need two current driver’s keys (black in color).
You must add a step to the following procedure. After
Step 3, repeat Steps 1 through 3 with the second current
driver’s key. Then continue with Step 4.
To program the new PK3® key do the following:
1. Verify the new key has PK3® stamped on it.
2. Insert the current driver’s key in the ignition and
start the engine. If the engine will not start, see
your dealer for service.
3. After the engine has started, turn the key to OFF,
and remove the key.
4. Insert the key to be programmed and turn it to ON
within 10 seconds of removing the previous key.
5. The SECURITY message will turn off once the key
has been programmed. It may not be apparent that
the SECURITY message went on due to how
quickly the key is programmed.
6. Repeat Steps 1 through 4 if additional keys are to
be programmed.
If you are ever driving and the SECURITY message
comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your
engine if you turn it off. Your PASS-Key® III system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced
by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the
PASS-Key® III system at this time.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key® III key, see your
dealer who can service PASS-Key® III to have a
new key made.
2-17
Starting and Operating Your
Vehicle
Ignition Positions
With the key in the ignition, you can turn the key to four
different positions.
New Vehicle Break-In
Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate
“break-in.” But it will perform better in the long run
if you follow these guidelines:
• If you have all-wheel drive, keep your speed at
55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first 500 miles
(805 km).
• Do not drive at any one speed — fast or
slow — for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not
make full-throttle starts.
• Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles
(322 km) or so. During this time your new
brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops
with new linings can mean premature wear
and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-in
guideline every time you get new brake
linings.
• Do not tow a trailer during break-in. See Towing
a Trailer on page 4-42 for more information.
2-18
A (OFF): This is the only position in which you can
remove the key. This position locks the steering wheel,
ignition and transaxle.
Notice: If your key seems stuck in OFF and you
can’t turn it, be sure you are using the correct key;
if so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the key
hard. Turn the key only with your hand. Using a
tool to force it could break the key or the ignition
switch. If none of these works, then your vehicle
needs service.
B (ACCESSORY): This position allows you to use
things like the radio and the windshield wipers while the
engine is off. This position will allow you to turn off
the engine, but still turn the steering wheel. Use
ACCESSORY if you must have your vehicle in motion
while the engine is off, for example, if your vehicle
is being pushed or towed.
D (START): This position starts the engine. When the
engine starts, release the key. The ignition switch
will return to ON for normal driving.
If the engine is not running, ACCESSORY and ON are
positions that allow you to operate your electrical
accessories, such as the radio.
Retained Accessory Power (RAP)
With RAP, the power windows, the audio system, the
sunroof and the Automatic Level Control will continue to
work up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned
to OFF and none of the doors are opened.
C (ON): This is the position that the switch returns to
after you start your engine and release the key.
The switch stays in ON when the engine is running.
But even when the engine is not running, you can use
ON to operate your electrical power accessories, and to
display some instrument panel warning lights.
2-19
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position – that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle
moving could damage the transaxle. Shift to
PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.
1. With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as
your engine warms up.
Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to
be drained much sooner. And the excessive
heat can damage your starter motor. Wait about
15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining
your battery or damaging your starter.
2. If the engine doesn’t start in 10 seconds, push the
accelerator pedal about one-quarter of the way
down while you turn the key to START. Do this until
the engine starts. As soon as it does, let go of
the key.
2-20
3. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for a maximum of 15 seconds. This clears
the extra gasoline from the engine. If the engine
still won’t start or starts briefly but then stops again,
repeat Step 1 or 2, depending on the temperature.
When the engine starts, release the key and
the accelerator pedal.
Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts or accessories, you could change the way the
engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment,
check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine
might not perform properly.
Engine Coolant Heater
Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater.
In very cold weather, 0°F (−18°C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting
and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.
Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a
minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant
heater is not required.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
electrical cord is located on the driver’s side of the
engine compartment.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt AC outlet.
{CAUTION:
Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the
wrong kind of extension cord could overheat
and cause a fire. You could be seriously
injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded
three-prong 110-volt AC outlet. If the cord will
not reach, use a heavy-duty three-prong
extension cord rated for at least 15 amps.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could be
damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead
of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that
particular area.
2-21
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Maximum engine speed
is limited when you’re
in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N), to protect
driveline components
from improper operation.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever – push the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then hold
the button on the lever and move the shift lever into
the gear you wish. See Shifting Out of Park (P)
on page 2-28 in this section for more information.
{CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
There are several different positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This gear position locks your front wheels.
It’s the best position to use when you start your
engine because your vehicle cannot move easily.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting
the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle
shift lock control system. You must fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when
the ignition key is in ON. As you step on the brake
pedal, while in PARK (P), you may hear a click from the
solenoid of the system. This ensures that the system
is operating properly.
2-22
Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always set
your parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) on
page 2-26. If you are pulling a trailer, see
Towing a Trailer on page 4-42.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle
is moving forward could damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is
stopped.
Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
with the engine racing may damage the transaxle.
The repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Be sure the engine is not racing when shifting
your vehicle.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see If
You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on
page 4-33.
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D): This position is for
normal driving. If you need more power for passing, and
you are:
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does not
connect with the wheels. To restart when you are
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
• Going less than 35 mph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
• Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the
accelerator all the way down.
You will shift down to the next gear and have more
power.
{CAUTION:
Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed is dangerous. Unless
your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your
vehicle could move very rapidly. You could
lose control and hit people or objects. Do not
shift into a drive gear while your engine is
running at high speed.
Notice: Driving your vehicle if you notice that it is
moving slowly or not shifting gears as you
increase speed may damage the transaxle. Have
your vehicle serviced right away. You can drive in
SECOND (2) when you are driving less than 35 mph
(55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) for
higher speeds until then.
2-23
Warm-Up Shift
Your vehicle has a computer controlled transaxle
designed to warm up the engine faster when the outside
temperature is 35°F (2°C) or colder. You may notice
that the transaxle will shift at a higher vehicle speed until
the engine is warmed up. This is a normal condition
designed to provide heat to the passenger compartment
and defrost the windows more quickly.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving,
but it offers more power and lower fuel economy than
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D):
• When driving on hilly, winding roads
• When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears
• When going down a steep hill
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power, but
lower fuel economy than THIRD (3). You can use
SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as
you go down steep mountain roads, but then you
would also want to use your brakes off and on.
2-24
Notice: Driving in SECOND (2) for more than
25 miles (40 km) or at speeds over 55 mph (90 km/h)
may damage the transaxle. Also, shifting into
SECOND (2) at speeds above 65 mph (105 km/h) can
cause damage. Drive in THIRD (3) or AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (D) instead of SECOND (2).
Notice: If your vehicle seems to start up rather
slowly, or if it seems not to shift gears as you go
faster, something may be wrong with a transaxle
system sensor. If you drive very far that way, your
vehicle can be damaged. So, if this happens,
have your vehicle serviced right away. Until then,
you can use SECOND (2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and THIRD (3) for higher
speeds.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power,
but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use
it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
shift lever is put in FIRST (1), the transaxle will
not downshift into first gear until the vehicle is going
slow enough.
Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in
one place on a hill using only the accelerator
pedal may damage the transaxle. If you are stuck,
do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill,
use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.
Shift Lock Release
This vehicle is equipped with an electronic shift lock
release system. Shift lock release is designed to do the
following:
• Prevent ignition key removal unless the shift lever is
in PARK (P) with the shift lever button fully released
• Prevent movement of the shift lever out of PARK (P)
unless the ignition is in a position other than OFF
Shift lock release is always functional, except in the case
of a discharged or low voltage (less than 9V) battery.
Parking Brake
The parking brake is
located on the driver’s
side under the
instrument panel.
To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot and push down on the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.
If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will
come on. See Brake System Warning Light on page 3-36.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot while you push down on
the parking brake pedal with your left foot. (To release
the tension on the parking brake cable, you will need to
apply about the same amount of pressure to the
parking brake pedal as you did when you set the parking
brake.) When you remove your foot from the parking
brake pedal, it will pop up to the released position.
Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can
overheat the brake system and cause premature
wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that
the parking brake is fully released and the brake
warning light is off before driving.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see Towing a Trailer on page 4-42. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
2-25
Shifting Into Park (P)
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake with your left foot.
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. If you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can move suddenly. You or others
could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will
not move, even when you are on fairly level
ground, use the steps that follow. If you are
pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-42.
2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P). To do so, hold
in the button on the lever, then push the lever all
the way toward the front of the vehicle
3. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the key, your vehicle is in
PARK (P).
2-26
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in
PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set.
And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine
running, it could overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could be injured. Do not leave
your vehicle with the engine running.
Torque Lock
If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of PARK (P). This is called torque lock.
To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then
shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P)
on page 2-26.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you
have moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the
regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move
the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it
toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever
was not fully locked into PARK (P).
2-27
Shifting Out of Park (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift lock
control system. You have to fully apply your regular
brakes before you can shift from PARK (P), when
the ignition is in ON. See Automatic Transaxle Operation
on page 2-22.
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever by pushing the shift lever all the way into
PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then
hold the button on the lever and move the shift lever out
of PARK (P).
{CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not
park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other
things that can burn.
2-28
Engine Exhaust
CAUTION:
(Continued)
{CAUTION:
• Your vehicle was damaged when driving
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can not see
or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and
death.
•
•
You might have exhaust coming in if:
• Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
• Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
• Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
CAUTION:
over high points on the road or over road
debris.
Repairs were not done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into
your vehicle:
• Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
• Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
(Continued)
2-29
Running Your Engine While You
Are Parked
It is better not to park with the engine running. But if
you ever have to, here are some things to know.
{CAUTION:
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under
Engine Exhaust on page 2-29.
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if
the climate control fan is at the highest setting.
One place this can happen is a garage.
Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.
NEVER park in a garage with the engine
running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard. See
Winter Driving on page 4-28.
2-30
{CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle
if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with
the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can
roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine
is running unless you have to. If you have left
the engine running, the vehicle can move
suddenly. You or others could be injured.
To be sure your vehicle will not move, even
when you are on fairly level ground, always set
your parking brake and move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not
move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-26.
If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on
page 4-42.
Mirrors
If you are not adjusting either mirror, leave the control in
the center (off) position. This prevents moving the
mirrors accidentally once you have adjusted them.
Manual Rearview Mirror
To reduce glare from headlamps behind you, pull the
lever toward you (to the night position). To return the
mirror to the day position, push the lever away from you.
Outside Power Mirrors
The power outside
rearview mirror knob
is located on the
driver’s door.
Adjust each mirror so you can see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
Outside Convex Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
{CAUTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder
before changing lanes.
Turn the knob counterclockwise to adjust the driver’s
side mirror. Turn the knob clockwise to adjust the
passenger’s side mirror. After selecting which mirror to
adjust, move the knob in the direction you want the
mirror to go.
2-31
OnStar® System
OnStar® Services
One of the following plans is normally included for a
specific duration with each vehicle equipped with
OnStar®. You can upgrade or extend your OnStar®
service plan to meet your needs.
OnStar® uses global positioning system (GPS) satellite
technology, wireless communications, and call centers
to provide you with a wide range of safety, security,
information and convenience services.
A complete OnStar® user’s guide and the terms and
conditions of the OnStar® Subscription Service
Agreement are included in your vehicle’s glove box
literature. For more information, visit www.onstar.com,
contact OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827),
or press the blue OnStar® button to speak to an
OnStar® advisor 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
A completed Subscription Service Agreement is required
prior to delivery of OnStar® services and prepaid
calling minutes are also required for OnStar® Personal
Calling and OnStar® Virtual Advisor use. Terms and
conditions of the Subscription Service Agreement can be
found at www.onstar.com.
2-32
Safe and Sound Plan
• Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
• Emergency Services
• Roadside Assistance
• Stolen Vehicle Assistance
• AccidentAssist
• Remote Door Unlock
• Remote Diagnostics
• Online Concierge
Directions and Connections Plan
• All Safe and Sound Plan services
• Route Support
• RideAssist
• Information and Convenience Services
Luxury and Leisure Plan
• All Directions and Connections Plan services
• Personal Concierge
OnStar® Personal Calling
With OnStar® Personal Calling, you have a safer way to
stay connected while driving. It’s a hands-free wireless
phone that’s integrated into your vehicle. You can place
calls nationwide using voice-activated dialing with no
contracts and no additional roaming charges. To find out
more about OnStar® Personal Calling, refer to the
OnStar® user’s guide in your vehicle’s glove box, or call
OnStar® at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827).
OnStar® Virtual Advisor
With OnStar® Virtual Advisor you can listen to the news,
entertainment and informative topics, such as traffic
and weather reports. You are able to listen and reply to
your e-mail through your vehicle’s speakers.
2-33
Storage Areas
Overhead Console
Glove Box
If your vehicle has the overhead console it has a
storage compartment, a compartment for your garage
door opener and a compartment for your sunglasses.
If the glove box has a lock, put your key into the lock
and turn the key counterclockwise. To open the
glovebox, pull the latch release.
The glove box door has a detent to prevent the door
from lowering too far. Open the glove box until the door
is partway open, then pull the door down if you need
it fully opened.
To close the glove box, the door must be pushed up
past the detent. To lock the glovebox, put your key into
the lock and turn the key clockwise.
Cupholder(s)
There are cupholders located in the center console next
to the shift lever.
The cupholders have liners that remove for larger
beverage items. Remove the liners by lifting them out.
Store the liners in the glove box when not in use.
Your vehicle also has cupholders located in the rear
passenger doors and the tailgate.
2-34
If your vehicle has the OnStar® System, the OnStar®
buttons will replace the front storage compartment. See
OnStar® System on page 2-32 for more information.
Garage Door Opener Compartment
You can store and operate your garage door opener in
the third compartment of your overhead console. To
install your garage door opener, follow these instructions:
1. Open the compartment by pressing the latch forward.
6. Once the opener is installed, remove the three pegs
from the garage door opener button. Each peg is a
different size.
2. Remove the garage door opener button, by
pressing the tabs and pulling it down.
7. Put the garage door opener button back in by
inserting the tabs into the slot in the garage
door opener compartment.
3. Remove the piece of self-sticking hook and loop
fastener from the top of the garage door opener
compartment.
8. Press the button on the garage door storage
compartment. If your garage door opener does not
work you will need to change the pegs until it does.
4. Peel the protective backing from the hook and loop
fastener and press it firmly to the back of your
garage door opener.
5. Line up the button on the garage door opener with
the opening in the storage compartment door. Make
sure the garage door opener button is facing
down and then press the opener firmly into the
garage door opener compartment.
2-35
Storage Compartment
To open the storage compartment, located at the front
of the overhead console, press the release latch
forward. Then pull the compartment down to the full
open position.
Sunglasses Storage Compartment
To open the sunglasses storage compartment in the
overhead console, press the release button. Then pull
the compartment down to the full open position.
Front Door Utility Packs
Your vehicle may have front door utility packs. If it does,
the utility packs are located in the front door pockets
of your vehicle, and are used for extra storage space.
2-36
Console/Cooler
{CAUTION:
If the cooler storage compartment is not
secured properly, it can move around in a
collision or sudden stop. People in the vehicle
could be injured. Be sure to secure the cooler
storage compartment properly.
Your vehicle may have a fully insulated food/beverage
console/cooler located between the driver’s and
front passenger’s seats.
To properly secure the console/cooler the handle must
be latched down. Push the handle toward the driver’s
seat, until you hear a click.
To open the console/cooler, have the handle fully down
toward the passenger’s seat, then lift the lid up. The
passenger’s seat armrest must be up to be able to open
the lid completely.
Rear Storage Area
There are four small storage compartments in the rear
of your vehicle. One is on the passenger’s side, two
are on the driver’s side and one is on the floor by the
tailgate. To remove the covers, lift up on the tabs. If your
vehicle has the 10-speaker system, the compartment
on the passenger’s side and the long compartment
on the driver’s side will be equipped with speakers.
The console/cooler contains a top tray for storage.
Remove the top tray to put items in the cooler.
The cooler also can hold compact discs, cassette tapes,
and it may have a coinholder.
To remove the console/cooler from the vehicle, lift the
handle from the driver’s side to a fully upright position.
Notice: Loading objects that weigh over 400 lbs
(181 kg) onto the sliding rear convenience tray may
cause damage. Repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not load heavy objects on
the sliding rear convenience tray.
2-37
Roof Rack System
{CAUTION:
If you try to carry something on top of your
vehicle that is longer or wider than the luggage
carrier — like paneling, plywood, a mattress
and so forth — the wind can catch it as you
drive along. This can cause you to lose
control. What you are carrying could be
violently torn off, and this could cause you or
other drivers to have a collision, and of course
damage your vehicle. You may be able to carry
something like this inside. But, never carry
something longer or wider than the luggage
carrier on top of your vehicle.
If you have the luggage carrier, you can load things on
top of your vehicle. If you do load things on the top of your
vehicle, you must load them on the luggage carrier
crossrails. The luggage carrier has four tie-down loops on
the inside of each right and left side rail. These let you
secure cargo placed on the crossrails, as long as they are
not wider or longer than the luggage carrier.
Notice: Damage may be caused to the roof of your
vehicle if anything is placed directly on the roof.
2-38
Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when
loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle
capacity and loading, see Loading Your Vehicle on
page 4-36.
To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving,
check now and then to make sure the luggage
carrier and cargo are still securely fastened.
Loading things onto the luggage carrier can interfere
with the performance of your XM™ Satellite Radio
System.
Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier that
weighs more than 220 lbs (100 kg) or hangs over the
rear or sides of the vehicle may damage your
vehicle. Load cargo so that it rests on the slats as
far forward as possible and against the side
rails, making sure to fasten it securely.
When you carry cargo on the luggage carrier of a
proper size and weight, put it on the slats and distribute
the weight evenly. Then slide the crossrail up against
the rear of the load to keep it from moving. You can then
tie it down. Cargo containers must be loaded on the
crossrails only.
Your luggage carrier has release levers within the end
of each crossrail support.
2-39
To adjust the crossrails, lift the release levers on each
side to unlock them. Slide the crossrails forward or
backward, as needed, to accommodate loads of various
sizes.
After repositioning the crossrails, engage the release
lever. This will lock the crossrails in place.
Notice: Opening the sunroof when the luggage
rack crossrails are not in the full-rear position could
cause damage to the sunroof or luggage rack.
Verify the luggage rack crossrails are in the full-rear
position before opening the sunroof.
To adjust the crossrail(s), the sunroof stop (A) must be
removed.
Use the four tie-down
loops in each of the side
rails to help secure
large loads.
To remove the sunroof stop, do the following:
1. Find the tool (B) located in a bag in the glovebox
labeled “tool kit-acsry.”
2. Use the tool to remove the screw located in the
side rail assembly in front of the front crossrail.
3. Repeat for the other side.
4. Put the tool and the screws back in the plastic bag
in the glove box.
2-40
When you are done using the crossrails you must
replace the sunroof stop.
To replace the sunroof stop, do the following:
1. Put the crossrails in the full rear position.
Attach both the upper and lower hooks to the loops on
either side of the liftgate/tailgate opening. The label
on the net should be in the upper left corner.
2. Using the tool, put the screws back into each side
rail assembly. Make sure the screws are in the first
hole in front of the crossrail.
Convenience Net
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. The
convenience net is designed to help keep small loads,
like grocery bags, from falling over. Install the
convenience net at the rear of your vehicle, just inside
the liftgate/tailgate opening.
Attach the middle hooks to the metal rings on the floor.
The convenience net has a maximum capacity of
100 lbs. (45 kg). It is not designed to hold larger, heavier
loads. Store such loads on the floor of your vehicle,
as far forward as you can.
When not in use, it is recommended that you take down
the rear convenience net to extend its life and retain
its elasticity, and to keep the rear exit clear. Store
the net in one of the storage compartments.
2-41
Cargo Cover
If your vehicle has a cargo cover, you can use it to
cover items in the rear of the vehicle. Remove the cover
from its pouch and place the loops found on each
corner of the cover, over the four pegs in each corner of
the rear if the vehicle. When it is not in use, fold up
the cover and return it to the pouch.
Cargo Net System
Your vehicle may have a cargo net system designed to
help keep larger loads from falling over. The cargo net
system consists of two side convenience nets, one front
convenience net and one rear convenience net.
The front and rear convenience nets have labels for
proper placement when installing. Attach the upper and
lower hooks on both sides of the rear of the vehicle.
The label on the front and rear nets should be in
the upper left corner and the labels should face
rearward.
2-42
The two side nets can go on either side of the vehicle.
Do one of the following to install the nets:
• Connect the upper hooks on the side convenience
nets to the top loops on the sidewall trim. Then
attach the lower hooks on the side convenience nets
to the lower hooks on the sidewall trim, or
• connect the upper hooks on the side convenience
nets to the top of the front and rear convenience
nets. Then connect the lower hooks on the
side convenience nets to the floor retainers on the
floor of the rear of the vehicle.
The cargo net system has a maximum capacity of
100 lbs. (45.4 kg) for the front and rear nets and 35 lbs.
(15.9 kg) for the side nets. It is not designed to hold
larger, heavier loads. Store such loads on the floor of
your vehicle, as far forward as you can.
When not in use, it is recommended that you then take
down the convenience nets to extend life and retain
their elasticity, and to keep the rear exit clear. Store the
net in one of the storage compartments.
Sliding Rear Convenience Tray
{CAUTION:
If any removable convenience item is not
secured properly, it can move around in a
collision or sudden stop. People in the vehicle
could be injured. Be sure to secure any such
item properly.
Your vehicle may have a sliding rear convenience tray.
The sliding rear convenience tray can be pulled out
onto the tailgate making it easier to load or unload items.
3. Push the release lever again to roll the tray back
into the vehicle. You will hear a click when the tray
is locked into position.
The sliding rear convenience tray also has storage
areas in it. Pull up on the covers to open them. Be sure
to close the covers once you are done loading or
unloading them.
The sliding rear convenience tray has a maximum
weight capacity of 400 lbs. (181.4 kg) on top.
Notice: Loading objects that weigh over 400 lbs
(181 kg) onto the sliding rear convenience tray may
cause damage. Repairs would not be covered by
your warranty. Do not load heavy objects on
the sliding rear convenience tray.
To use the tray, do the following:
1. Push the release lever located in front of the handle
of the tray to release the pin from the floor track
assembly.
2. Pull the tray toward you without lifting it up. You will
hear a click when the tray is locked into the
extended position.
2-43
Removing the Sliding Rear
Convenience Tray
1. Make sure that all items have been removed from
the top and the inside of the sliding rear
convenience tray.
2. Push down on the release lever and pull the tray fully
rearward onto the tailgate until you hear a click.
3. Disconnect the tethered
ring from the hook and
place the tethered
ring on the outer edge
of the tailgate on
each side of the
vehicle.
2-44
4. Push down on the release lever and roll the tray
into the vehicle approximately 6 inches (15.24 cm).
5. Use the handle to lift up on the tray while pulling it
towards you. Use your other hand to support and
lift the tray from the bottom. Remove the tray
from the vehicle.
The rear of the tray has rollers for you to move it on the
ground, in an upright position, without having to carry it.
Removing the Floor Track Assembly
After the tray is removed, the floor track assembly also
needs to be removed. Items should not be put onto
the floor track assembly.
1. Feed the tethered ring through the rear lower
sidewall loop on each side of the vehicle.
2. Unlock the slide locks from the two rear floor
retainers by pushing the button down and pressing
them inward.
3. Disengage the front forks from the retainers by
lifting and pulling the assembly toward you.
2-45
Replacing the Floor Track Assembly
Before beginning this procedure make sure that nothing
is in the rear of the vehicle.
You may have to apply downward pressure to the
floor track assembly to engage the slide locks under
the floor retainers.
Double check to ensure that the slide locks are
engaged under the retainers and locked into place.
3. Feed the tethered ring upward through the lower
sidewall loop on each side of the vehicle.
Make sure that the tethered ring is placed on the
outer edge of the tailgate, on each side of the
vehicle, for later attachment to the tray.
4. Push and pull on the floor track assembly to make
sure it is locked into place.
1. Slide the floor track assembly in while aligning the
front forks, located on the bottom front of the track
assembly, so that the forks slide under the two
front floor retainers.
2. Insert the slide locks under the two rear floor
retainers by pushing the button down and pressing
them outward.
2-46
Replacing the Sliding Rear
Convenience Tray
The floor track assembly must be installed first for the
sliding rear convenience tray to stay locked into
place. See “Replacing the Floor Track Assembly” listed
previously for more information.
1. Pick up the tray by the handle and support the tray
from the bottom with your other hand.
2. Place the tray onto the floor track assembly. Make
sure that the two front axles are placed over the
hooks on the rear of the floor track assembly. There
are four axles on the bottom of the tray, two in
front and two in back.
Make sure the rollers on the bottom of the tray are
located in the tracks of the floor track assembly.
3. Roll the tray forward into the vehicle until you hear
a click.
4. Press the release lever and pull the tray onto the
tailgate. Connect the hook to the tethered ring
located on each side of the sliding rear
convenience tray.
5. Push the release lever and roll the tray back into
the vehicle.
You will hear a click when the tray is locked into
position.
2-47
Sunroof
If your vehicle has a
sunroof, the switch is
located between the sun
visors.
When vent opening the sunroof, the sunshade must be
opened by hand. Press the rear of the switch to vent
open the glass panel.
Press the rear of the switch a second time and release
it to express-open the glass panel. The glass panel
and sunshade will fully open. When the glass panel is
express opening, pressing the switch in either direction
will stop it. If you press and hold the rear of the
switch, the express-open operation will be overridden.
To close the glass panel, press and hold the front of the
switch until the glass panel stops.
The sunroof switch will only work when the ignition is on
or when the ignition is off and retained accessory
power is active. See “Retained Accessory Power” under
Ignition Positions on page 2-18 for more information.
Notice: Opening the sunroof when the luggage rack
crossrails are not in the full-rear position could
cause damage to the sunroof or luggage rack. Verify
the luggage rack crossrails are in the full-rear
position before opening the sunroof.
2-48
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Instrument Panel Overview ...............................3-4
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................3-6
Other Warning Devices ...................................3-7
Horn .............................................................3-7
Tilt Wheel .....................................................3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................3-8
Exterior Lamps .............................................3-13
Interior Lamps ..............................................3-15
Instrument Panel Switchbank ..........................3-19
Head-Up Display (HUD) .................................3-20
Accessory Power Outlets ...............................3-22
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................3-23
Climate Controls ............................................3-24
Climate Control System .................................3-24
Dual Climate Control System ..........................3-27
Outlet Adjustment .........................................3-30
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .............3-31
Instrument Panel Cluster ................................3-32
Speedometer and Odometer ...........................3-33
Tachometer .................................................3-34
Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................3-35
Air Bag Readiness Light ................................3-35
Brake System Warning Light ..........................3-36
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............3-37
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning Light ......3-38
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................3-39
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................3-39
Fuel Gage ...................................................3-42
Message Center .............................................3-43
Service Traction System Warning Message ......3-43
Traction Active Message ................................3-44
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Message ..................................................3-44
Charging System Indicator Message ................3-45
Low Oil Pressure Message ............................3-45
Change Engine Oil Message ..........................3-46
Low Tire Message ........................................3-47
Door Ajar Warning Message ...........................3-47
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message ..................3-48
PASS-Key® III Security Message ....................3-48
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning Message .......3-49
Low Washer Fluid Warning Message ...............3-49
Low Fuel Warning Message ...........................3-50
Low Brake Fluid Warning Message .................3-50
Service Vehicle Soon Message .......................3-51
Program Mode Message ................................3-51
Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter Battery Low
Warning Message ......................................3-52
Parking Lamp Warning Message .....................3-52
3-1
Section 3
Instrument Panel
Driver Information Center (DIC) .......................3-53
DIC Controls and Displays .............................3-55
DIC Vehicle Personalization ............................3-57
Audio System(s) .............................................3-64
Setting the Time ...........................................3-64
Radio with CD (Base Level) ...........................3-65
Radio with CD (MP3) ....................................3-75
Radio with Six-Disc CD .................................3-89
Rear Seat Entertainment System ...................3-103
Rear Audio Controller (RAC) .........................3-116
Theft-Deterrent Feature ................................3-116
3-2
Audio Steering Wheel Controls ......................3-117
DVD Distortion ............................................3-118
Understanding Radio Reception ....................3-118
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ........................3-118
Care of Your CD and DVD Player .................3-118
Cleaning Your DVD Player ...........................3-119
Cleaning the Video Screen ...........................3-119
Integrated Windshield Antenna ......................3-119
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System
(48 Contiguous US States) ........................3-119
✍ NOTES
3-3
Instrument Panel Overview
3-4
The main components of the instrument panel are the
following:
A. Side Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-30.
B. Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel
Cluster on page 3-32.
C. Hazard Warning Flasher Switch. See Hazard
Warning Flashers on page 3-6.
D. Head-Up Display Switch and Driver Information
Center (DIC) Controls or DIC Controls. See Head-Up
Display (HUD) on page 3-20 and DIC Controls
and Displays on page 3-55.
E. Center Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-30.
F. Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 3-64.
G. Side Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-30.
H. Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-8.
I. Exterior/Interior Lamp Switch. See Exterior Lamps
on page 3-13 and Interior Lamps on page 3-15.
J. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio Steering
Wheel Controls on page 3-117.
K. Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 5-11.
L. Parking Brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-25.
M. Horn. See Horn on page 3-7.
N. Ignition Switch. See Ignition Positions on page 2-18.
O. Audio Steering Wheel Controls. See Audio Steering
Wheel Controls on page 3-117.
P. Shift Lever. See Automatic Transaxle Operation on
page 2-22.
Q. Accessory Power Outlet. See Accessory Power
Outlets on page 3-22.
R. Rear Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page 3-30.
S. Console/Cooler. See Console/Cooler on page 2-36.
T. Floor Console Fuse Block. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-113.
U. Cupholders and Ashtray. See Cupholder(s) on
page 2-34 and Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter on
page 3-23.
V. Instrument Panel Switchbank. See Instrument Panel
Switchbank on page 3-19.
W. Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtrays and Cigarette
Lighter on page 3-23.
X. Climate Controls. See Climate Control System on
page 3-24 or Dual Climate Control System on
page 3-27.
Y. Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 2-34.
3-5
Hazard Warning Flashers
The hazard warning
flasher button is located on
top of the steering
column.
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.
Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal
lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to
turn the flashers off.
When the hazard warning flashers are on, the turn
signals won’t work.
Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front
and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
3-6
Other Warning Devices
Tilt Wheel
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel
before you drive. You can raise it to the highest level to
give your legs more room when you exit and enter
the vehicle.
Horn
You can sound the horn by pressing the horn symbols
on your steering wheel.
The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is
located on the left side of the steering column. To tilt the
wheel, hold the wheel and pull the lever. Then move
the wheel to a comfortable position and release the lever
to lock the wheel in place.
3-7
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Turn and Lane-Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
3-8
G Turn and Lane-Change Signals
5 Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
Flash-to-Pass
N Windshield Wipers
L Windshield Washer
I Cruise Control
An arrow on the instrument
panel cluster and the HUD
display will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself
when you release it.
As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrow
flashes faster than normal, a signal bulb may be burned
out and other drivers will not see your turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and check the
fuse. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-113.
If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for
the trailer lamps, the signal indicator will flash at a
normal rate even if a turn signal bulb is burned
out. Check the front and rear turn signal lamps regularly
to make sure they are working.
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer
To change the headlamps from low to high, push the
turn signal lever away from you and release it. To
change the headlamps from high to low, pull the lever
toward you.
When the high beams are
on, this light on the
instrument panel cluster
and the HUD display,
will also be on.
Turn Signal On Chime
If either turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 mile
(1.2 km), a chime will sound to let you know to turn
it off.
To turn off the chime, turn off the signal.
Flash-to-Pass
When the headlamps are off, pull the lever toward you
to momentarily switch on the high beams. This will
signal that you are going to pass. When you release the
lever, they will turn off.
3-9
Windshield Wipers
WIPER: Turn the band marked WIPER to control the
windshield wipers.
MIST: For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to MIST.
Hold it there until the wipers start, then let go. The
wipers will stop after one cycle. If you want more cycles,
hold the band on mist longer.
Delay: For delayed wiping cycles, you can set the
wiper speed for a long or short delay between wipes.
This can be very useful in light rain or snow. Turn
the band to choose the delay time. The closer to LO,
the shorter the delay time.
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
L:
To wash your windshield, press and hold the
windshield washer paddle. The washers and wipers will
operate. When you release the paddle, the washers
will stop, and the wipers will continue to operate for two
cycles, unless your wipers were already on. In that
case, the wipers will resume the wiper speed you had
selected earlier.
LO: For steady wiping cycles at low speed, turn the
band away from you to the LO position.
{CAUTION:
HI: For high-speed wiping, turn the band away from
you to the HI position.
In freezing weather, do not use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the
washer fluid can form ice on the windshield,
blocking your vision.
OFF: To stop the wipers, turn the band to OFF.
Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you
from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid
damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper
blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades
do become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
3-10
Cruise Control
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
disengages.
{CAUTION:
• Cruise control can be dangerous where
•
you can not drive safely at a steady speed.
So, do not use your cruise control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause
needless wheel spinning, and you could
lose control. Do not use cruise control on
slippery roads.
Setting Cruise Control
{CAUTION:
If you leave your cruise control on when you
are not using cruise, you might hit a button
and go into cruise when you do not want to.
You could be startled and even lose control.
Keep the cruise control switch off until you
want to use cruise control.
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Press the SET button at the end of the lever and
release it.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-10. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may turn
the cruise control back on.
3-11
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts
off the cruise control. But you do not need to reset
it. Once you are going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise control switch from ON to
resume/accelerate (R/A) briefly.
You will go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you hold the switch at R/A, the vehicle will keep going
faster until you release the switch or apply the brake.
So unless you want to go faster, do not hold the
switch at R/A.
Increasing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
• Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher
speed. Press the SET button at the end of the lever,
then release the button and the accelerator pedal.
You will now cruise at the higher speed.
• Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want,
and then release the switch. To increase your speed
in very small amounts, move the switch to R/A
briefly and then release it. Each time you do this,
your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
The accelerate feature will work whether or not you have
set an initial cruise control speed.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise
Control
There are two ways to reduce speed while using cruise
control:
• Press the SET button at the end of the lever until
you reach the lower speed you want, then
release it.
• To slow down in very small amounts, press the
SET button briefly. Each time you do this, you
will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed.
When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will
slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
3-12
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise control will work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the
hills. When going up steep hills, you may have to step
on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.
When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to
a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course,
applying the brake takes you out of cruise control. Many
drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’t use
cruise control on steep hills.
Exterior Lamps
The control located to the
left of the steering column
operates the exterior
lamps.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
• Step lightly on the brake pedal.
• Move the cruise control switch to OFF.
Erasing Cruise Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your
cruise control set speed memory is erased.
The exterior lamp control has three positions:
AUTO (Automatic Headlamp Control/Off): Turning
the control to this position will activate the automatic
headlamp control when it is dark enough outside
and turn off all the lamps and lights during the day
except for the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).
3-13
< (Parking Lamps):
Turning the control to this
position turns on the parking lamps together with the
following:
• Taillamps
• Instrument Panel Lights
2 (Headlamps):
Turning the control to this position
turns on the headlamps, together with the previously
listed lamps and lights.
Lamps on Reminder
If the driver’s door is opened and you turn the ignition to
OFF while leaving the lamps on, you will hear a
warning chime.
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the
day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short
periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional
daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles
first sold in Canada.
3-14
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure it is not covered. The DRL
system will make your reduced intensity high-beam
headlamps come on in daylight when:
• The ignition is on
• The exterior lamps control is in AUTO
• The shift lever is not in PARK (P)
When the DRL are on, only your reduced intensity
high-beam headlamps will be on. The taillamps
and other lamps will not be on. Your instrument panel
will not be lit up.
When it is dark enough outside, the exterior lamps will
come on automatically. When it is bright enough
outside, the exterior lamps will go out and the DRL will
turn on. Of course, you may still turn on the headlamps
any time you need to.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Automatic Headlamp System
When the exterior lamp control is turned to AUTO, the
headlamps and parking lamps will come on
automatically when it is dark enough outside.
The lamps will come on automatically if the following
conditions are met:
•
•
•
•
Push the FOG PUSH button to turn the fog lamps on.
The FOG light indicates the fog lamps are on. To turn off
the fog lamps, press the fog lamp button or turn the
ignition off.
If you turn on the fog lamps while the DRL are on, the
parking lamps will turn on automatically.
The ignition is in ON
Your fog lamps will go off while you switch to high
beams. Using your high beams in fog is not
recommended.
The parking brake is released
Interior Lamps
It is dark enough outside
The exterior lamp control is in the AUTO position
Your interior lamp control
is located below the
exterior lamp control.
Fog Lamps
The fog lamp button is
located on the exterior
lamp control.
3-15
Instrument Panel Brightness
Headlamp Exit Delay
This feature controls the brightness of the instrument
panel lights. The knob for this feature is located on the
interior lamps control. Press the knob to extend it.
Turn the knob to adjust the instrument panel brightness.
Press the knob in when not in use.
The headlamp exit delay feature will keep the
headlamps and parking lamps on at night for 30 seconds
if the following conditions are met:
Interior Lamps Control
Turn the interior lamp control to one of the following
positions:
OFF: This position turns the interior lamps off.
DOOR: This position turns on the interior lamps when
any door is opened and when the ignition key is
removed from the ignition.
ON: This position turns the interior lamps on.
• The ignition is turned to OFF
• The exterior lamp control is in the AUTO position
• It is dark enough outside
After 30 seconds, the headlamps and parking lamps will
turn off.
The lamps will turn off before the 30 seconds if one of
the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned to ON
• The exterior lamp control is turned out of the AUTO
position
If you would like to program the headlamp exit delay
feature, and your vehicle is equipped with the Driver
Information Center (DIC), see DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-57.
3-16
Entry Lighting
Delayed Lighting
With entry lighting, the interior of your vehicle will
illuminate for 25 seconds so you can see inside your
vehicle before you enter. To activate entry lighting,
do one of the following:
The delayed lighting feature will continue to illuminate
the interior for 25 seconds after all doors have been
closed. The lamps will continue to illuminate when the
following conditions are met:
• Unlock a door using the key when the interior lamp
control is in the DOOR position and the ignition
is OFF.
• Press UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry
transmitter when the interior lamp control is in the
DOOR position and the ignition is in OFF.
After 25 seconds, the interior lamps will fade out.
The lamps will turn off before 25 seconds if one of the
following occurs:
• All doors are locked using the key
• LOCK is pressed on the remote keyless entry
transmitter
• The front of the power door lock switch is pressed
• The ignition is turned to ON
• A door is opened then closed
• The interior lamp control is in the DOOR position
• The ignition is in OFF
After 25 seconds, the interior lamps will fade out.
The lamps will fade out before the 25 seconds if one of
the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned to ON
• LOCK is pressed on the remote keyless entry
transmitter
• The front of the power door lock switch is pressed
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), you can program this feature on or
off. See DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-57.
When any door is opened, entry lighting is cancelled. The
interior lamps will stay on while any door or the liftgate is
open, and fade out when all the doors are closed.
3-17
Exit Lighting
Perimeter Lighting
With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on for
about 30 seconds whenever you remove the key from
the ignition, if the following conditions are met:
The perimeter lighting feature will turn on the headlamps
and parking lamps for 25 seconds when the following
conditions are met:
•
•
•
•
The vehicle is in PARK (P)
The key is out of the ignition
The interior lamp control is in the DOOR position
All of the doors are closed
After 30 seconds, the interior lamps will fade out.
The interior lamps will fade out before 30 seconds if one
of the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned to ON
• LOCK is pressed on the remote keyless entry
transmitter
• The front of the power door lock switch is pressed
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), you can program this feature on or
off. See DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-57.
3-18
• The ignition is turned to OFF
• The exterior lamp control is in the AUTO position
• UNLOCK is pressed on the remote keyless
entry transmitter
• It is dark enough outside
After 25 seconds, the headlamps and parking lamps will
turn off.
The lamps will turn off before the 25 seconds if one of
the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned to ON
• The exterior lamp control is turned out of the AUTO
position
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), you can program this feature on or
off. See “Remote Lock Feedback” under DIC Vehicle
Personalization on page 3-57.
Front Reading Lamps
Instrument Panel Switchbank
There are two reading lamps located on the rearview
mirror.
To turn either reading lamp on or off, press the button
located next to each lamp. These lamps will come
on each time you open the doors, if the interior lamp
control is in the ON or DOOR position.
Cargo Lamp
The cargo lamp is located in the rear of the vehicle,
above the liftgate/tailgate opening. It comes on
automatically each time you open the doors, if the
interior lamp control is in the DOOR position.
Battery Run-Down Protection
Your vehicle has a feature to help prevent you from
draining the battery, in case you accidentally leave the
interior or exterior lamps on. If you leave any interior
or exterior lamps on while the ignition is in OFF, they will
automatically turn off after 10 minutes.
If your vehicle has less than 14 miles (24 km) on the
odometer, the battery saver will turn off the lamps after
only three minutes.
There is an instrument panel switchbank located below
the comfort controls. It contains switches or blanks
that will vary with the options that are on your vehicle
and a cigarette lighter/accessory power outlet.
You may have the following switches:
• Liftgate/tailgate Release. See Liftgate/Tailgate on
page 2-10.
• Traction Disable. See Traction Control System
(TCS) on page 4-10.
• Heated Seats. See Heated Seats on page 1-3.
If your vehicle has only two switches, there will be a
storage bin.
3-19
Head-Up Display (HUD)
The Head-Up Display also displays a CHECK GAGES
icon. When you see this icon, the following messages
could appear on the instrument panel cluster:
{CAUTION:
• Engine Coolant Temperature Warning Message.
If the HUD image is too bright or too high in
your field of view, it may take you more time to
see things you need to see when it is dark
outside. Be sure to keep the HUD image dim
and placed low in your field of view.
• Low Oil Pressure Message. See Low Oil Pressure
See Engine Coolant Temperature Warning
Message on page 3-44.
Message on page 3-45.
• Charging System Indicator Message. See Charging
System Indicator Message on page 3-45.
• Low Brake Fluid Warning Message. See Low Brake
If your vehicle has the HUD, it can display the
speedometer reading in English or metric. The current
audio system information may also be displayed and will
appear as an image focused out toward the front of
your vehicle.
The Head-Up Display also displays the following
messages when they appear on the instrument panel
cluster:
• Turn Signal Indicators. See Turn
Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-8.
• High-Beam Indicator. See Turn Signal/Multifunction
Lever on page 3-8.
• Low Fuel Warning Message. See Low Fuel Warning
Message on page 3-50.
3-20
Fluid Warning Message on page 3-50.
Under warning conditions, the CHECK GAGES icon will
illuminate in the HUD, look at the instrument panel
cluster for more information.
Notice: If you try to use the HUD image as a
parking aid, you may misjudge the distance and
damage your vehicle. Do not use the HUD image as
a parking aid.
The HUD controls are
located to the right of the
instrument panel cluster.
To adjust the HUD so you can see it properly, do the
following:
1. Start your engine and turn the dimmer knob to the
desired HUD image brightness.
The brightness of the HUD image is determined by
the ambient light conditions in the direction your
vehicle is facing and where you have the HUD
dimmer knob set. If you are facing a dark object or a
heavily shaded area, your HUD may anticipate that
you are entering a dark area and may begin to dim.
2. Adjust the driver’s seat. If you change your seat
position you may have to readjust your HUD.
3. Press the UP or DN buttons until the HUD image is
easy to see, then press the DN button until the
HUD image is as low as possible. The HUD image
should remain in full view, straight ahead near
the front bumper.
The HUD image can only be adjusted up and down,
not side-to-side.
When the HUD is on, the speedometer reading will be
displayed continually. The current audio system
information will only be displayed for three seconds after
the radio, tape or CD track status changes. This will
happen whenever one of the radio controls is pressed,
either on the radio or on the optional steering wheel
controls.
4. To turn the image off, turn the dimmer knob
counterclockwise to the OFF position.
If the sun comes out or it becomes cloudy, you may
need to adjust the HUD brightness again using
the dimmer knob. Polarized sunglasses could make the
HUD image harder to see.
3-21
Clean the inside of the windshield as needed to remove
any dirt or film that reduces the sharpness or clarity
of the HUD image.
To clean the HUD, spray household glass cleaner on a
soft, clean cloth. Wipe the HUD lens gently, then dry
it. Do not spray cleaner directly on the lens because the
cleaner could leak into the unit.
If the ignition is on and you cannot see the HUD image,
check to see if one of the following has occurred:
•
•
•
•
Something is covering the HUD unit.
The HUD dimmer knob is adjusted properly
The HUD image is adjusted to the proper height.
Ambient light in the direction your vehicle is facing,
is low.
• A fuse is blown. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-113.
If you ever have to have your windshield replaced, be
sure to get one that is designed for the HUD or your
HUD image may look blurred and out of focus.
3-22
Accessory Power Outlets
With accessory power outlets you can plug in electrical
equipment such as a cellular telephone or CB radio.
There is a single front power outlet located on the floor
console above the climate control system outlets.
There is one rear power outlet located in the rear of the
vehicle on the driver’s side.
To use the outlet, pull the cover down. When not using
it, cover the outlet with the protective cap.
Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for
extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn
off electrical equipment when not in use and do
not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum
amperage rating.
Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible to
the accessory power outlet and could result in blown
vehicle or adapter fuses.
If you experience a problem, see your dealer for
additional information on accessory power outlets.
Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your
vehicle may damage it or keep other components
from working as they should. The repairs would not
be covered by your warranty. Check with your
dealer before adding electrical equipment.
When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the
proper installation instructions included with the
equipment.
Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause
damage not covered by your warranty. Do not
hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket
from the plug because the power outlets are
designed for accessory power plugs only.
Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter
If your vehicle has an ashtray and cigarette lighter they
are located in the glove box.
The ashtray fits into the cupholders. The cigarette
lighter installs into the accessory power outlet in the
instrument panel switchbank.
To use the lighter, push it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back out by itself.
Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is
heating will not allow the lighter to back away from
the heating element when it is hot. Damage from
overheating may occur to the lighter or heating
element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold a
cigarette lighter in while it is heating.
Notice: If you put papers or other flammable items
in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking
materials could ignite them and possibly damage
your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the
ashtray.
3-23
Climate Controls
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
H (Vent):
Climate Control System
With this system you can control the heating, cooling,
and ventilation for your vehicle.
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level):
This mode directs half of the air to the
instrument panel outlets, then directs the remaining
air to the floor outlets. Cooler air is directed to the upper
outlets and warmer air to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets. Use this mode to send air to the rear of the
vehicle. Keep the area under the front seats free of
objects that could obstruct airflow to the rear of
the vehicle.
The right knob can also be used to select defog or
defrost mode. For more information, see “Defogging and
Defrosting” later in this section.
Operation
Turn the right knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
direct the airflow inside your vehicle.
3-24
9 (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
Turn the knob to OFF to turn off the fan. The fan must be
turned on for the air conditioning compressor to operate.
: (Outside Air):
Press this button to turn the
outside air mode on or off. When this mode is on,
outside air will circulate throughout your vehicle. When
this mode is on, an indicator light in the button will
come on to let you know that it is activated. The outside
air mode can be used with all modes, but it cannot
be used with the recirculation mode.
? (Recirculation):
This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or help
heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more quickly.
Press this button to turn the recirculation mode on or off.
When the button is pressed, an indicator light will
come on. The air-conditioning compressor also comes
on. The recirculation mode can be used with vent
and bi-level modes, but it cannot be used with floor,
defog, defrost or outside air modes.
Temperature Control: Turn the center knob clockwise
or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the air
temperature inside your vehicle.
# A/C (Air Conditioning):
Press this button to turn
the air-conditioning system on or off. When A/C is
pressed, an indicator light in the button will come on to
let you know that air conditioning is activated.
You may notice a slight change in engine performance
when the air-conditioning compressor shuts off and
turns on again. This is normal. The system is designed
to make adjustments to help with fuel economy while
still maintaining the selected temperature.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time
it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
the system to operate more efficiently.
For quick cool down on hot days, do the following:
1. Select the vent mode.
2. Select the coolest temperature.
3. Select the highest fan speed.
4. Select A/C.
5. Select the recirculation mode.
Using these settings together for long periods of time may
cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too dry.
To prevent this from happening, after the air inside of
your vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
3-25
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity,
or moisture, condensing on the cool window glass.
This can be minimized if the climate controls system is
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or
frost from your windshield. Use the defog mode to clear
the windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove fog or
frost from the windshield more quickly.
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost mode.
- (Defog): This mode directs air to the windshield
and the floor outlets. When you select this mode,
the system turns off recirculation and runs the
air-conditioning compressor unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. The recirculation
mode cannot be selected while in the defog mode.
0 (Defrost):
Pressing this button directs most of the
air to the windshield and the side window outlets, with
some air directed to the floor outlets. In this mode, the
system will automatically turn off recirculation and run the
air-conditioning compressor, unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. Recirculation cannot
be selected while in the defrost mode.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
3-26
< REAR:
Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light in the button
will come on to let you know that the rear window
defogger is activated.
The rear window defogger will turn off about 10 minutes
after the button is pressed. If turned on again, the
defogger will only run for about five minutes before
turning off. The defogger can also be turned off
by pressing the button again or by turning off the engine.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar
to the defogger grid.
Dual Climate Control System
To change the current mode, select one of the following:
Your vehicle may have a dual climate control system.
With this system you can control the heating, cooling,
and ventilation for your vehicle.
H (Vent):
This mode directs air to the instrument
panel outlets.
) (Bi-Level):
This mode directs half of the air to the
instrument panel outlets, then directs the remaining
air to the floor outlets. Cooler air is directed to the upper
outlets and warmer air to the floor outlets.
6 (Floor):
This mode directs most of the air to the
floor outlets. Use this mode to send air to the rear of the
vehicle. Keep the area under the front seats free of
objects that could obstruct airflow to the rear of
the vehicle.
Operation
Turn the right knob clockwise or counterclockwise to
direct the airflow inside your vehicle.
The right knob can also be used to select defog or
defrost mode. For more information, see “Defogging and
Defrosting” later in this section.
9 (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or
counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.
Turn the knob to OFF to turn off the fan. The fan must be
turned on for the air conditioning compressor to operate.
3-27
: (Outside Air):
Press this button to turn the
outside air mode on or off. When this mode is on,
outside air will circulate throughout your vehicle. When
this mode is on, an indicator light in the button will
come on to let you know that it is activated. The outside
air mode can be used with all modes, but it cannot
be used with the recirculation mode.
? (Recirculation):
This mode keeps outside air
from coming in the vehicle. It can be used to prevent
outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or help
heat or cool the air inside your vehicle more quickly.
Press this button to turn the recirculation mode on or off.
When the button is pressed, an indicator light will
come on. The air-conditioning compressor also comes
on. The recirculation mode can be used with vent
and bi-level modes, but it cannot be used with floor,
defog, defrost or outside air modes.
Temperature Control: Use the driver’s and
passenger’s temperature levers to increase or decrease
the air temperature inside your vehicle.
# A/C (Air Conditioning):
Press this button to turn
the air-conditioning system on or off. When A/C is
pressed, an indicator light in the button will come on to
let you know that air conditioning is activated.
3-28
You may notice a slight change in engine performance
when the air-conditioning compressor shuts off and
turns on again. This is normal. The system is designed
to make adjustments to help with fuel economy while
still maintaining the selected temperature.
On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air
escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time
it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps
the system to operate more efficiently.
For quick cool down on hot days, do the following:
1. Select the vent mode.
2. Select the coolest temperature.
3. Select the highest fan speed.
4. Select A/C.
5. Select the recirculation mode.
Using these settings together for long periods of time
may cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too
dry. To prevent this from happening, after the air
inside of your vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation
mode off.
The air-conditioning system removes moisture from the
air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of
water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling
or after turning off the engine. This is normal.
Defogging and Defrosting
Rear Window Defogger
Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity,
or moisture, condensing on the cool window glass.
This can be minimized if the climate controls system is
used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or
frost from your windshield. Use the defog mode to clear
the windows of fog or moisture and warm the
passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove fog or
frost from the windshield more quickly.
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear window.
Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost mode.
- (Defog): This mode directs air to the windshield
and the floor outlets. When you select this mode,
the system turns off recirculation and runs the
air-conditioning compressor unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. The recirculation
mode cannot be selected while in the defog mode.
0 (Defrost):
This mode directs most of the air to the
windshield and the side window outlets, with some
air directed to the floor outlets. In this mode, the system
will automatically turn off recirculation and run the
air-conditioning compressor, unless the outside
temperature is at or below freezing. Recirculation cannot
be selected while in the defrost mode.
< REAR:
Press this button to turn the rear window
defogger on or off. An indicator light in the button
will come on to let you know that the rear window
defogger is activated.
The rear window defogger will turn off approximately 10
minutes after the button is pressed. If turned on
again, the defogger will only run for approximately five
minutes before turning off. The defogger can also
be turned off by pressing the button again or by turning
off the engine.
Notice: Don’t use anything sharp on the inside of
the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage
the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn’t be
covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary
vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar
to the defogger grid.
Do not drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.
3-29
Outlet Adjustment
Operation Tips
• Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air
inlets on the hood that may block the flow of air
into your vehicle.
• Use of non-GM approved hood deflectors may
adversely affect the performance of the system.
• Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects
to help circulate the air inside your vehicle more
effectively.
Use the knob located in the center of the outlet, to
change the direction of the air flow.
3-30
Warning Lights, Gages and
Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause
an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you
or others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages
and warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages
shows there may be a problem, check the section that
tells you what to do about it. Please follow this
manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be
costly – and even dangerous. So please get to know
your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle also has a message center that works
along with the warning lights and gages. See Message
Center on page 3-43.
3-31
Instrument Panel Cluster
Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how
fast you’re going, how much fuel you’re using, and many other things you’ll need to drive safely and economically. The
indicator warning lights and gages are explained on the following pages.
United States uplevel shown, United States base level and Canada similar
3-32
Speedometer and Odometer
Trip Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both
miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).
Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has
been driven, in either miles (used in the United States)
or kilometers (used in Canada). However, a Canadian
odometer will remain in metric units only.
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to
the mileage total of the old odometer, then that will
be done. If it cannot, then it is set at zero and a label
must be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was installed.
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), you may toggle the odometer to
display either miles, available only in the United States,
or kilometers. See Driver Information Center (DIC)
on page 3-53.
In addition to the standard odometer, the cluster can
also display a trip odometer. The display can be toggled
between the odometer and the trip odometer by
quickly pressing and releasing the trip/reset button
located to the right of the temperature gage. The trip
odometer will continue to keep track of miles or
kilometers driven even if they are not currently
displayed. A Canadian trip odometer will remain in
metric units only. To reset the trip odometer to zero (0),
push and hold the trip/reset button for at least one
and a half seconds, but less than three seconds. The
trip odometer that is showing in the display will be reset.
3-33
Retro-Active Reset
The trip odometer has a feature called retro-active
reset. This feature can be used to set the trip odometer
to the number of miles or kilometers driven since the
ignition was last turned on. This can be used if you
forget to reset your trip odometer at the beginning of a
trip. To use the retro-active reset feature, push and
hold the trip/reset button for at least three seconds. The
trip odometer will then display the number of miles or
kilometers driven since the ignition was last turned
on and you began driving. If you use the retro-active
reset feature after you have started the vehicle,
but before you begin moving, the display will show the
number of miles or kilometers you drove during the
last ignition cycle. Once you begin driving, the trip
odometer will accumulate mileage. For example, if you
have driven 5.0 miles (8.0 km) since you started
your vehicle, and then activate the retro-active reset
feature, the display will show 5.0 miles (8.0 km). As you
drive, the display will then increase to 5.1 miles
(8.2 km), 5.2 miles (8.4 km), etc.
3-34
Tachometer
The tachometer
displays the engine
speed in revolutions per
minute (rpm).
Notice: If you operate the engine with the
tachometer in the shaded warning area, your vehicle
could be damaged, and the damages would not
be covered by your warranty. Do not operate
the engine with the tachometer in the shaded
warning area.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
Air Bag Readiness Light
When the key is turned to ON or START, a chime will
come on for several seconds to remind people to fasten
their safety belts.
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.
The system check includes the air bag sensor, the air
bag modules, the wiring and the diagnostic module. For
more information on the air bag system, see Air Bag
Systems on page 1-61.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for several seconds. If the
driver’s belt is already
buckled, neither the chime
nor the light will come on.
This light will come on
when you start your
vehicle, and it will flash for
a few seconds. Then
the light should go out.
This means the system
is ready.
3-35
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air
bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
{CAUTION:
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you
start your vehicle, it means the air bag system
may not be working properly. The air bags in
your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they
could even inflate without a crash. To help
avoid injury to yourself or others, have your
vehicle serviced right away if the air bag
readiness light stays on after you start your
vehicle.
The air bag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will
be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
3-36
Brake System Warning Light
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need
both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
United States
Canada
This light should come on briefly when you turn the
ignition key to ON. If it doesn’t come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on,
have the vehicle towed for service. See Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light on page 3-37 and Towing Your
Vehicle on page 4-34.
Anti-Lock Brake System
Warning Light
{CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working
properly if the brake system warning light is
on. Driving with the brake system warning light
on can lead to an accident. If the light is still
on after you have pulled off the road and
stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for
service.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle may have an anti-lock brake system
warning light. If it does, the light should come on for a
few seconds when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the
anti-lock brake system warning light stays on longer
than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn
the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on
when you’re driving, stop as soon as possible and turn
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset
the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again
while you’re driving, the anti-lock brake system needs
service and you don’t have anti-lock brakes.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come on
briefly when you turn the ignition key to ON. If the light
doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there is a problem.
3-37
Traction Control System (TCS)
Warning Light
• If there’s an engine-related and brake system
problem that is specifically related to traction control,
the traction control system will turn off and the
warning light will come on.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
United States
Canada
Your vehicle may have a traction control system
warning light. The traction control system warning light
may come on for the following reasons:
• If you turn the system off by pressing the TRAC
OFF button located in the instrument panel
switchbank the warning light will come on and stay
on. To turn the system back on, press the button
again. The warning light should go off. See Traction
Control System (TCS) on page 4-10 for more
information.
3-38
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Service Engine Soon Light in the
United States or Check Engine Light in
Canada
United States
Canada
This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the
gage pointer moves into the red area, your engine is
too hot!
United States
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which
monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-25.
3-39
This system is called OBD II (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life
of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment.
The SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light
comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the
system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent
more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technician in correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is
not running. If the light does not come on, have it
repaired. This light will also come on during a
malfunction in one of two ways:
Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this
light on, after a while, your emission controls
may not work as well, your fuel economy may not
be as good and your engine may not run as
smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may
not be covered by your warranty.
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Diagnosis and service may be required.
Notice: Modifications made to the engine,
transaxle, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your
vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with
other than those of the same Tire Performance
Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission
controls and may cause this light to come on.
Modifications to these systems could lead to costly
repairs not covered by your warranty. This may
also result in a failure to pass a required Emission
Inspection/Maintenance test.
3-40
• Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions
and may damage the emission control system on
your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be
required.
• Light On Steady — An emission control system
If the Light Is Flashing
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Reducing vehicle speed.
Avoiding hard accelerations.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart
the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still
flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer
for service as soon as possible.
If the Light Is On Steady
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7. The
diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has
been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing
fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere.
A few driving trips with the cap properly installed
should turn the light off.
Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See
Gasoline Octane on page 5-4. Poor fuel quality will cause
your engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You
may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light to
turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least
one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has the
proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any
mechanical or electrical problems that may have
developed.
3-41
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance
Programs
Fuel Gage
Some state/provincial and local governments have or
may begin programs to inspect the emission control
equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this
inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle
registration.
Here are some things you need to know in order to help
your vehicle pass an inspection:
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the SERVICE
ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is on or not
working properly.
Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD
(on-board diagnostic) system determines that critical
emission control systems have not been completely
diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be
considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if
you have recently replaced your battery or if your
battery has run down. The diagnostic system is
designed to evaluate critical emission control systems
during normal driving. This may take several days
of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle
still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD
system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the
vehicle for inspection.
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United States
Canada
When the indicator nears empty, you still have a little
fuel left, but you should get more soon.
If your fuel is low, the warning message in the message
center will come on. See Low Fuel Warning Message
on page 3-50 later in this section.
Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have
left when the ignition is on.
Here are four things that some owners ask about. All
these things are normal and do not indicate that
anything is wrong with the fuel gage.
Service Traction System Warning
Message
• At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before
the gage reads full.
• It takes a little more (or less) fuel to fill up than the
gage reads. For example, the gage reads half full,
but it took more (or less) than half of the tank’s
capacity to fill it.
• The gage pointer may move while cornering,
braking or speeding up.
• The gage may not indicate empty when the ignition
is turned off.
Message Center
The message center is located in the instrument panel
cluster at the bottom of the tachometer. It gives you
important safety and maintenance facts.
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Canada
If your vehicle has the traction control system and this
message is displayed when you’re driving, there may be
a problem with your traction control system. Your
vehicle may need service.
When this message is displayed, the traction control
system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving
accordingly.
If there’s an engine-related and brake system problem
that is specifically related to traction control, the
traction control system will turn off and the warning
message will come on.
If the traction control system warning message comes
on and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
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Traction Active Message
United States
Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Message
Canada
If your vehicle has the traction control system, the
TRACTION ACTIVE message will appear when the
traction control system is limiting wheel spin. You may
feel or hear the system working, but this is normal.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this message
appears, so adjust your driving accordingly. The
message will stay on for a few seconds after the traction
control system stops limiting wheel spin.
United States
Canada
This message will come on when your engine gets
too hot.
If this message comes on, it means that your engine
coolant has overheated. If you have been operating your
vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should
pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the
engine as soon as possible.
See Engine Overheating on page 5-25.
3-44
Charging System Indicator Message
Low Oil Pressure Message
The charging system
battery symbol will come
on in the message
center when you turn on
the ignition as a check
to show you it is working.
United States
It will remain on as long as the engine is not running.
It should go out once the engine is running. If it stays on,
or comes on while you are driving, you may have a
problem with the charging system. It could indicate that
you have problems with a generator drive belt, or
another electrical problem. Have it checked right away.
Driving while this indicator appears in the message
center could drain your battery.
Canada
Your vehicle is equipped with a low oil pressure warning
message.
Your oil pressure message lets you know when you
may have a problem with your engine oil pressure.
If you must drive a short distance with the message on,
be certain to turn off all your accessories, such as
the radio and air conditioner.
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When the engine is running and this message appears,
the engine oil level may be too low. There may also
be another problem causing low oil pressure.
Change Engine Oil Message
{CAUTION:
Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have
your vehicle serviced.
Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may
damage the engine. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Always follow the
maintenance schedule in this manual for changing
engine oil.
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United States
Canada
If this message comes on and stays on after you started
the engine, have the oil changed.
For additional information on when to change the oil
and resetting the system, see Engine Oil on page 5-13.
Low Tire Message
United States
Door Ajar Warning Message
Canada
Your vehicle may have a LOW TIRE PRESSURE
message. If it does, the check tire pressure system can
alert you to a large change in the pressure of one
tire. After the system has been properly calibrated, the
LOW TIRE PRESSURE message will come on and
a chime will sound if a pressure difference, or low
pressure, is detected in one tire.
United States
Canada
This message will come on when the ignition is turned
to ON or START and the driver’s or passenger’s
door is open.
The message will stay on until you turn off the ignition
or reset, or calibrate, the system. See Check Tire
Pressure System on page 5-67.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light comes on,
the check tire pressure system may not be working
properly. See your dealer for service. Also, see
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 3-37.
3-47
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message
United States
Canada
This message will come on when the ignition is turned
to ON or START and the liftgate is open.
PASS-Key® III Security Message
United States
Canada
If you are ever driving and this message comes on and
stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if
you turn it off.
Your PASS-Key® III system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key® III system at
this time. See PASS-Key® III on page 2-16 for more
information.
3-48
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning
Message
Low Washer Fluid Warning Message
United States
United States
Canada
Your vehicle may have this message. If it does, it will
come on when there is a spare tire on the vehicle,
or when the anti-lock brake system warning light comes
on, or when the rear differential fluid is overheating.
This message will go out when the differential fluid
cools.
The all-wheel drive system will be disabled until the
compact spare tire is replaced by a full-size tire. If the
warning message is still on after putting on the full-size
tire, you need to reset the warning message. To reset the
warning message, turn the ignition off and then back on
again. If the message stays on, see your dealer right
away. See All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System on page 4-12
for more information.
Canada
If your washer fluid is low, the warning message will
come on and stay on until you add washer fluid.
See Windshield Washer Fluid on page 5-36 for adding
washer fluid instructions.
If the warning message is still on after adding fluid, you
need to reset the warning message. To reset the
warning message, turn the ignition off and then back on.
If the message stays on, see your dealer.
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Low Fuel Warning Message
United States
Canada
If your fuel is low, the warning message will come on
and stay on until you add fuel.
If the warning message is still on after adding fuel, you
need to reset the warning message. To reset the
warning message, turn the ignition off and then back on.
If the message stays on, see your dealer.
Low Brake Fluid Warning Message
United States
Canada
If your brake fluid is low, the warning message will
come on and stay on until you add brake fluid.
The brake system warning light will also be illuminated.
If this message appears, the brakes need attention.
You should have your vehicle serviced immediately. See
Brake System Warning Light on page 3-36 and Brakes
on page 5-38.
If the warning message is still on after adding fluid, you
may need to reset the warning message. To reset the
warning message, turn the ignition off and then back on.
If the message stays on, see your dealer right away.
3-50
Service Vehicle Soon Message
United States
Canada
This light will come on if your vehicle has certain
non-emission related problems.
For example, if the entire electrical system fails to send
and receive messages from the vehicle’s components,
this message will come on.
Program Mode Message
United States
Canada
If you receive this message, your vehicle is in program
mode. If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver
Information Center (DIC), you are ready to begin
programming your vehicle’s customization features.
See DIC Vehicle Personalization on page 3-57 for more
information.
These problems may not be obvious and may affect
vehicle performance or durability. Consult a qualified
dealership for necessary repairs to maintain top vehicle
performance.
3-51
Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter
Battery Low Warning Message
Parking Lamp Warning Message
United States
United States
Canada
If you receive this message, the battery in the remote
keyless entry needs to be replaced. See “Battery
Replacement” under Remote Keyless Entry System
Operation on page 2-4 for instructions.
3-52
Canada
If you receive this message, one or both of the vehicle’s
parking lamp bulbs needs replacement. See Bulb
Replacement on page 5-50 for bulb replacement
instructions.
Driver Information Center (DIC)
Compass Variance
Compass variance is the difference between magnetic
north and geographic north. In some areas of the
country, the difference is great enough to cause the
compass to give false readings. If this occurs, the
compass must be set.
Automatic Compass Calibration
If your vehicle is equipped with the Driver Information
Center (DIC), the display is located on the instrument
panel cluster directly above the steering column.
The DIC will show information about the vehicle and the
surroundings.
The DIC has a compass display to show you which
direction the vehicle is driving.
The compass is self-calibrating, which eliminates the
need to manually set the compass. When the vehicle is
new, the calibration process may not be complete. In
these cases, the calibration symbol C will be displayed
where the compass reading is normally displayed.
To calibrate the compass, in an area free from large
metal objects, make three 360 degree turns. The
calibration symbol will turn off and the compass reading
will be displayed.
3-53
Manual Compass Calibration
If the compass appears erratic and the calibration
symbol does not appear, you must manually put the
compass into the calibration mode. To get into this
mode, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on and cycle the DIC to the
compass/temperature mode.
2. Press and hold the SET button for longer then
three seconds.
ZONE # PRESS & HOLD SET TO CHANGE: This
display mode will be displayed when you are manually
calibrating the system. The current zone number for
compass variance will be displayed in place of the
# symbol. Use the SET button to select the zone number
from the graphic shown to select the current area of
the country that you are driving in.
PRESS SET TO CALIBRATE COMPASS: After
selecting your zone, press the MODE button and this
will be displayed on the DIC. Press the SET button and
complete three 360 degree turns in an area free from
large metal objects.
The following two messages will toggle in the display
until you calibrate the compass:
• DRIVE VEHICLE IN CIRCLE
• CALIBRATING COMPASS
When calibration is complete, the display will return to
its normal mode.
3-54
DIC Controls and Displays
When the ignition is turned to ON or START, the DIC
will display the following:
The DIC will be in the last mode displayed when the
engine was turned off. To select a different mode, press
MODE. The display will cycle through its options at
each press of MODE.
PONTIAC: PONTIAC will be displayed for three
seconds.
MODE: This button lets you cycle through the options
on the display.
DRIVER #: This message will be displayed for three
seconds after PONTIAC appears in the display.
This message lets you know which remote keyless entry
and customization features the vehicle is using.
SET: This button is used to select and set the options
to your preference.
The DIC controls are
located to the right of the
instrument panel cluster.
The DIC will always display the compass reading and
the outside temperature. If the temperature is below
38°F (3°C), the temperature reading will toggle between
displaying the temperature and the word ICE for two
minutes.
AVG ECONOMY (Average Economy): Average fuel
economy is viewed as a long term approximation of your
overall driving conditions. To learn the average fuel
economy from a new starting point, press and hold the
SET button while the average fuel economy is
displayed on the DIC. The average fuel economy will
set to zero.
INST ECONOMY (Instant Economy): Instant fuel
economy varies with your driving conditions, such as
acceleration, braking and the grade of the road
being traveled.
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FUEL RANGE: The fuel range is an estimated distance
that your vehicle can travel on the remaining fuel.
The fuel economy used to calculate the range is based
on your driving history since the last reset of the
average speed.
FUEL USED: The fuel used display will show you how
much fuel has been used since the last time it was
reset. To reset the fuel used to zero, press and hold the
SET button while the fuel used is displayed on the
DIC and until the display goes to zero.
AVG SPEED (Average Speed): The average speed
display will show your average speed from when
you first started your vehicle. To reset the average
speed, press and hold the SET button while the average
speed is displayed on the DIC and until the speed
resets to your current speed.
OIL LIFE LEFT HOLD SET TO RESET: This message
displays the current percentage of the oil life by the
GM Oil Life System. To reset the oil life, press and hold
the SET button while this message is displayed.
When the system is reset 100% will be displayed and
the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message on the message
center will go off.
3-56
TIRE PRESSURE: The check tire pressure system can
alert you to a large change in the pressure of one
tire. You must begin driving before the system will detect
a low tire pressure.
USE SET TO SELECT ENGLISH METRIC: You can
use this display to select English or metric. Press
the SET button to toggle between English or metric. The
odometer, trip odometer, and head-up display (HUD),
if equipped, will also change. A Canadian odometer and
trip odometer will remain in metric units only.
OFF: No driver information will be displayed in this
mode. If the DIC is left in this mode for more than three
seconds, the display will turn off. Press the MODE
button to start the DIC.
DIC Vehicle Personalization
The DIC is used to program the choices of two drivers.
The drivers are recognized as DRIVER 1 or DRIVER 2
on the DIC display. You will let the DIC know which
driver you are by using your remote keyless entry
transmitter. Each remote keyless entry transmitter was
pre-programmed to belong to DRIVER 1 or DRIVER 2.
Each transmitter may be programmed differently for
each driver’s preferences.
After you press the LOCK button on your transmitter
and the ignition key is in ON, the DIC will display
the identified driver number. The vehicle will also recall
the vehicle customization features that were last
programmed to correspond to your transmitter.
If you unlock your vehicle using your key instead of
your transmitter, the DIC will not change drivers
and your vehicle will recall the information from the last
transmitter used.
Entering Programming Mode
3. Press the SET button and TO SELECT DRIVER
PRESS REMOTE LOCK will appear. Press the
LOCK button on the remote keyless entry.
This identifies which remote keyless entry
transmitter is being programmed by displaying
PERSONALIZATION FOR DRIVER 1 or DRIVER 2.
United States
Canada
4. The program mode message will appear in the
message center as an indication that your vehicle
is ready to begin programming.
5. Follow the instructions given by the DIC.
To program features, your vehicle must be in the
programming mode. Do the following:
1. Turn the ignition key to ON with the vehicle in
PARK (P).
2. Press and release the MODE button, then scroll
through the DIC messages until PRESS SET TO
BEGIN PERSONALIZATION is displayed.
3-57
Headlamp Exit Delay
This feature allows you to customize the headlamps and
parking lamps.
OFF: The headlamps and parking lamps will not turn
on at the same instant that the ignition is turned to OFF.
15: The headlamps and parking lamps will stay on
for 15 seconds when the ignition is turned to OFF.
30: The headlamps and parking lamps will stay on for
30 seconds when the ignition is turned to OFF.
60: The headlamps and parking lamps will stay on for
60 seconds when the ignition is turned to OFF.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to 30 second
mode. The mode may have been changed since
then. To determine the current mode, or to change the
mode, do the following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press the MODE button until HEADLAMP EXIT
DELAY appears in the DIC.
3. Press the SET button until the arrow is before the
mode you prefer.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Interior Lighting Delay
The interior lighting delay feature can be programmed to
one of the following modes:
OFF: This feature will not illuminate the interior of your
vehicle when all of the doors are closed.
ON: This feature will continue to illuminate the interior
lamps for 25 seconds after all doors have been
closed so that you can find your ignition and buckle
your safety belt at night.
Interior lighting delay will not occur while the ignition is
in ON. After 25 seconds, the interior lamps will fade
out. The lamps will fade out before the 25 seconds if one
of the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned to ON
• All doors are locked using the remote keyless entry
transmitter
• The interior lamp override is turned on
• There is no occupant activity detected for an
illumination period of 25 seconds
3-58
Your vehicle was originally programmed to ON. The
mode may have been changed since then. To determine
the current mode, or to change the mode, do the
following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press the MODE button until INTERIOR LIGHTING
DELAY appears on the DIC.
3. Press the SET button until the arrow is before ON
or OFF.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Interior Lighting On
The interior lighting on feature can be programmed to
one of the following modes:
KEY OUT: The interior lamps will come on for about
25 seconds whenever you remove the key from
the ignition.
DOOR: The interior lamps will come on for about
25 seconds when any door is opened.
Interior lighting on will not occur while the ignition is in
ON. After 25 seconds, the interior lamps will fade
out. The lamps will fade out before the 25 seconds if
one of the following occurs:
• The ignition is turned to ON
• LOCK is pressed on the remote keyless entry
transmitter
• The interior lamp override is turned on
• There is no occupant activity detected for an
illumination period of 25 seconds
Your vehicle was originally programmed to DOOR.
The mode may have been changed since then.
To determine the current mode, or to change the mode,
do the following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press the MODE button until INTERIOR LIGHTING
ON appears on the DIC.
3. Press the SET button until the arrow is before KEY
OUT or DOOR.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
3-59
Auto Door Lock/Unlock
The doors will automatically lock when the vehicle is
shifted out of PARK ( P). For automatic unlocking, you
can program your vehicle to one of the following modes:
OFF: When the shift lever is put in PARK (P), your
doors will not unlock automatically.
DRIVER: When the shift lever is put in PARK (P), only
your driver’s door will unlock.
ALL: When the shift lever is put in PARK (P), all doors
will unlock.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to ALL. The
mode may have been changed since then. To determine
the current mode, or to change the mode, do the
following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Make sure that the AUTO DOOR LOCK feature is
programmed to ON.
3. Press the MODE button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC.
4. Press the SET button until the arrow is before OFF,
DRIVER, or ALL.
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If the auto door unlock feature has been programmed to
DRIVER or ALL, the automatic door unlock feature
can also be programmed to one of the following modes:
PARK: All doors will unlock when the shift lever is
put in PARK (P).
KEY OUT: All doors will unlock when the ignition key is
removed.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to PARK.
The mode may have been changed since then.
To determine the current mode, or to change the mode,
do the following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Follow the instructions for programming AUTO
DOOR UNLOCK to DRIVER or ALL listed
previously.
3. Press the MODE button until AUTO DOOR
UNLOCK/PARK KEYOUT appears on the DIC.
4. Press the SET button until the arrow is before
PARK or KEY OUT.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Delayed Locking
The delayed locking feature can be programmed to one
of the following modes:
ON: Lock your vehicle using the power door lock switch
or the remote keyless transmitter while any door is
opened, you will hear three chimes and the doors will
not lock. Five seconds after the last door is closed,
all doors will lock.
Once delayed locking is programmed to ON, you can do
the following:
• Cancel the delayed locking by pressing unlock
using the power door lock switch, or by fully
inserting the key in the ignition.
• Override the delayed locking feature by pressing
lock immediately using the power door lock
switch.
• Let the delayed locking feature complete the locking
of the vehicle.
OFF: The doors will always lock immediately when you
lock the doors using the power door lock switch or
press LOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to ON. The
mode may have been changed since then. To determine
the current mode, or to change the mode, do the
following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press the MODE button until DELAYED LOCKING
appears on the DIC.
3. Press the SET button until the arrow is before ON
or OFF.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Remote Door Unlock
The remote door unlock feature can be programmed to
one of the following modes:
DRIVER/ALL: With the first press of UNLOCK on the
remote keyless entry transmitter, the driver’s door
will unlock, and with the second press of UNLOCK,
within five seconds of the first press, all passenger’s
doors will unlock.
ALL: All doors will unlock with every press of UNLOCK
on the remote entry transmitter.
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Your vehicle was originally programmed to ALL. The
mode may have been changed since then. To determine
the current mode, or to change the mode, do the
following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press the MODE button until REMOTE DOOR
UNLOCK appears on the DIC.
3. Press the SET button until the arrow is before
DRIVER/ALL or ALL.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Unlock Feedback
The unlock feedback feature can be programmed to one
of the following modes:
LIGHTS: This mode does the following:
• During the day, when the ignition is in OFF and
UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter
is pressed, the headlamps and parking lamps
will flash.
• During the night, when the ignition is in OFF, the
headlamps and parking lamps will be activated
for 30 seconds when UNLOCK is pressed on the
3-62
remote keyless entry transmitter. If you would like
to change the amount of time the lamps stay
on, change the headlamp exit delay feature.
OFF: The headlamps and parking lamps will not flash
when UNLOCK is pressed on the remote keyless
entry transmitter.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to LIGHTS.
The mode may have been changed since then.
To determine the current mode, or to change the mode,
do the following:
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Follow the instructions for programming HEADLAMP
EXIT DELAY earlier in this section, to make sure
which mode it is programmed to.
3. Press the SET button until UNLOCK FEEDBACK
appears on the DIC.
4. Press the MODE button until the arrow is before
LIGHTS or OFF.
5. Press the SET button once you have determined
which mode you prefer.
The mode you selected is now set. You can either exit
programming mode by following the instructions
later in this section or program the next feature available
on your vehicle.
Lock Feedback
Exiting Programming Mode
The lock feedback feature can be programmed to one
of the following modes:
To exit programming mode, do one of the following:
OFF: When LOCK is pressed on the remote keyless
entry transmitter, the headlamps and parking lamps will
not flash and the horn will not sound.
LIGHTS: When LOCK is pressed on the remote
keyless entry transmitter, the headlamps and parking
lamps will flash briefly.
HORN: When LOCK is pressed on the remote keyless
entry transmitter, the headlamps and parking lamps
will flash briefly and the horn will sound.
Your vehicle was originally programmed to HORN. The
mode may have been changed since then. To
determine the current mode, or to change the mode, do
the following:
• Shift out of PARK (P).
• Turn the ignition key out of ON.
• Do not program any commands for one minute
while in the programming mode.
The programming mode message will turn off to let you
know that you are no longer in the programming mode.
Once you have reached the end of the personalization
features, PERSONALIZATION SELECTION IS
DONE will appear briefly. Then PRESS SET TO EXIT
MODE TO CONTINUE will appear. Pressing SET
will exit you out of the DIC. Pressing MODE will take
you to the beginning of personalization.
1. Follow the instructions for “Entering Programming
Mode” listed previously.
2. Press the MODE button until LOCK FEEDBACK
appears on the DIC.
3. Press the SET button until the arrow is before OFF,
LIGHTS, or HORN.
The mode you selected is now set. You can now exit
programming mode by following the instructions next in
this section.
3-63
Audio System(s)
Setting the Time
Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to
your vehicle – like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio – be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine,
radio or other systems, and even damage them.
Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the
operation of sound equipment that has been added
improperly.
Your radio may have a button marked with an H or HR
to represent hours and an M or MIN to represent
minutes.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check federal rules
covering mobile radio and telephone units.
Your audio system has been designed to operate easily
and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get
the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with
it first. Figure out which radio you have in your vehicle,
find out what your audio system can do and how to
operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the
most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.
Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory
Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio
system even after the ignition is turned off. See
“Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under Ignition
Positions on page 2-18.
3-64
Press and hold the hour button until the correct hour
appears on the display. AM will appear for morning
hours. Press and hold the minute button until the correct
minute appears on the display. The time may be set
with the ignition on or off.
To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting
Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and
hold the hour and minute buttons at the same time until
UPDATED appears on the display. If the time is not
available from the station, NO UPDATE will appear on
the display.
RDS time is broadcast once a minute. Once you have
tuned to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a
few minutes for your time to update.
Radio with CD (Base Level)
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
3-65
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
SCV (Speed-Compensated Volume): With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for
road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select MIN, MED, or MAX. Each higher setting allows for
more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases the
volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. If you don’t want to use SCV, select OFF.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Pushing this knob with the ignition off will display
the time.
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), push
the RCL knob while in XM™ mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
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To change the default on the display, push the RCL
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob until the display flashes. The selected display
will now be the default.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped). The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
w SEEK x: Press the up or the down arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
w SCAN x: Press and hold either SCAN arrow
for two seconds until SCAN appears on the display and
you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play
for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
either SCAN arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until PSCAN and the
preset number appear on the display. You will hear
a double beep. The radio will go to the first preset
station stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press
either SCAN arrow again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing
the following steps:
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
TONE: Press and release this button until BASS, MID,
or TREB appears on the display. The SELECT LED
indicator will light to show that the tone control can be
adjusted. Turn the SELECT knob to increase or to
decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to
decrease the treble.
Pressing and holding the TONE button until FLAT
appears on the display will return all of the tone controls
to the middle position.
EQ (Equalizer): Press this button to select customized
bass, midrange, and treble equalization settings.
You can set up to six customized equalization settings
by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
2. Use the TONE button and the SELECT knob to
create the desired equalization.
3. Tune in the desired station.
3. Press and hold the EQ button for two seconds.
SELECT EQ # will appear on the display and the
EQ symbol will flash.
4. Press EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons
until you hear a beep. Whenever you press that
numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return
and the equalization that you selected will be
automatically stored for that pushbutton.
4. Press EQ or turn the SELECT knob to select the
desired EQ number.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
3-67
5. Press and hold the EQ button or push the SELECT
knob to store the equalization setting and the
number. You will hear a beep and EQ SAVED will
appear on the display.
6. Repeat the steps for the other EQ settings and
numbers.
EQ 5 has been programmed at the factory for use with
talk radio, but it can be set to a different tone.
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL (Balance): To adjust the balance between the
right and the left speakers, press and release this button
until BAL appears on the display. The SELECT LED
indicator will light to show that the speakers can
be adjusted. Turn the SELECT knob to move the sound
toward the right or the left speakers.
FADE: To adjust the fade between the front and the
rear speakers, press and release this button until FADE
appears on the display. The SELECT LED indicator
will light to show that the speakers can be adjusted. Turn
the SELECT knob to move the sound toward the front
or the rear speakers.
Pressing and holding the BAL FADE button for two
seconds will return all speaker settings to the middle
position.
3-68
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press PROG TYPE to activate program type
select mode. The PTY symbol will appear on
the display.
2. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
SEEK arrow to select the PTY and take you to
the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press either SEEK arrow
once. If the PTY is not displayed, press either
SEEK arrow twice to display the PTY and then to
go to another station.
5. Press PROG TYPE to exit program type
select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display, go
back to Step 1.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will search for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
1. Press PROG TYPE to activate program type select
mode. The PTY symbol will appear on the display.
2. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PTY.
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These pushbuttons have factory
PTY presets. You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and
six FM2) by performing the following steps:
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and hold
either SCAN arrow, and the radio will begin
scanning the stations in the PTY.
1. Press PROG TYPE to activate program type select
mode. The PTY symbol will appear on the display.
4. Press either SCAN arrow to stop at a station.
3. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PTY.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will scan for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same programming. To turn alternate frequency on,
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations.
2. Press PROG TYPE, if it is not already on.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the PTY you
set will return if program type select mode is
activated.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
3-69
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of national or local emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. The message may display
the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press
the INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words will
appear on the display with each press. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received. The old message can be displayed by
pressing the INFO button. You can view an old message
until a new message is received or a different station
is tuned to.
3-70
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
To receive the traffic announcement from the tuned
station, press this button. Brackets will be displayed
around TRAF and when a traffic announcement comes
on the tuned radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press the TRAF button and the
radio will seek to a station that does. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
the radio will stop and brackets will be displayed around
TRAF. When a traffic announcement comes on the
tuned radio station you will hear it. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
If the brackets are on the display and TRAF is not, you
can then press the TRAF button to remove the brackets
or use the TUNE knob or the SEEK arrows to go to a
station that supports traffic announcements. If no station
is found, NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
Your radio will play a traffic announcement if the volume
is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a CD if the last
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements and the
brackets are displayed.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Radio Messages
CALIBRATE: Your audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears on
the display, it means that your radio has not been configured properly for your vehicle and must be returned to
the dealer for service.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
Updating
Condition
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
Updating
encryption code
No Signal
Loss of signal
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
CH Off Air
Channel not in service
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
Action Required
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
3-71
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
No Info
No Info
No Info
No Info
Not Found
XM Locked
Condition
Action Required
Artist Name/Feature not
available
Song/Program Title not
available
Category Name not
available
No Text/Informational
message available
No channel available for
the chosen category
Theft lock active
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
Hardware failure
Chk XMRcvr
3-72
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
Playing a CD
With the ignition on, insert a CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull it in and the CD should
begin playing. If you want to insert a CD when the
ignition is off, first press the eject button or push the RCL
knob. If you insert a CD with the radio off and the
ignition on, it will start to play.
When the CD is inserted, the CD symbol will be
displayed. If you select an EQ setting for your CD, it will
be activated each time you play a CD.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or radio, the CD will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
\1 (Forward):
Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of the
track.
RDM 3 (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM and the track number will appear on the display.
Press RDM again to turn off random play.
4s (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of
the track.
EQ (Equalizer): Press EQ to select the desired
customized equalization setting while playing a CD. The
equalization will be automatically set whenever you
play a CD. See “EQ” listed previously for more
information.
3-73
w SEEK x: Press the down arrow while playing a
CD to go to the start of the current track if more
than eight seconds have played. Press the up arrow to
go to the next track. If you hold either arrow or press
it more than once, the player will continue moving
backward or forward through the CD.
Z (Eject):
w SCAN x: Press and hold either arrow for more
than two seconds until SCAN and the track number
appear on the display and you hear a beep. The CD will
go to the next track, play for a few seconds, then go
on to the next track. Press either arrow again to
stop scanning.
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display and the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. To change the default
on the display (track and elapsed time), push the
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob until the display flashes. The selected display
will now be the default. While elapsed time is showing,
CD TIME will appear on the display.
Press this button to eject a CD. Eject may
be activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs
may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
CD Messages
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
3-74
Radio with CD (MP3)
This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
programming
• Receive announcements concerning local and
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements
3-75
Playing the Radio
Finding a Station
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped). The display will show your selection.
VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to
decrease volume.
SCV (Speed-Compensated Volume): With SCV, your
audio system adjusts automatically to make up for
road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select MIN, MED, or MAX. Each higher setting allows for
more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds.
Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases the
volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any speed.
The volume level should always sound the same to you
as you drive. If you don’t want to use SCV, select OFF.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Pushing this knob with the ignition off will display the time.
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), push
the RCL knob while in XM™ mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
To change the default on the display, push the RCL knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the knob
until the display flashes. The selected display will now be
the default.
3-76
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
w SEEK x: Press the up or the down arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
w SCAN x: Press and hold either SCAN arrow
for two seconds until SCAN appears on the display and
you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play
for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
either SCAN arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until PSCAN and the
preset number appear on the display. You will hear
a double beep. The radio will go to the first preset
station stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few
seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press
either SCAN arrow again to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing
the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station
you set will return and the equalization that you
selected will be automatically stored for that
pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
TONE: Press and release this button until BASS, MID,
or TREB appears on the display. The SELECT LED
indicator will light to show that the tone control can be
adjusted. Turn the SELECT knob to increase or to
decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to
decrease the treble.
Pressing and holding the TONE button until FLAT
appears on the display will return all of the tone controls
to the middle position.
EQ (Equalizer): Press this button to select customized
bass, midrange, and treble equalization settings.
You can set up to six customized equalization settings
by performing the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Use the TONE button and the SELECT knob to
create the desired equalization.
3. Press and hold the EQ button for two seconds.
SELECT EQ # will appear on the display and the
EQ symbol will flash.
4. Press EQ or turn the SELECT knob to select the
desired EQ number.
5. Press and hold the EQ button or push the SELECT
knob to store the equalization setting and the
number. You will hear a beep and EQ SAVED will
appear on the display.
6. Repeat the steps for the other EQ settings and
numbers.
EQ 5 has been programmed at the factory for use with
talk radio, but it can be set to a different tone.
3-77
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
BAL (Balance): To adjust the balance between the
right and the left speakers, press and release this button
until BAL appears on the display. The SELECT LED
indicator will light to show that the speakers can
be adjusted. Turn the SELECT knob to move the sound
toward the right or the left speakers.
FADE: To adjust the fade between the front and the
rear speakers, press and release this button until FADE
appears on the display. The SELECT LED indicator
will light to show that the speakers can be adjusted. Turn
the SELECT knob to move the sound toward the front
or the rear speakers.
Pressing and holding the BAL FADE button for two
seconds will return all speaker settings to the middle
position.
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press PROG TYPE to activate program type
select mode. The PTY symbol will appear on
the display.
2. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PTY.
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3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
SEEK arrow to select the PTY and take you to
the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press either SEEK arrow
once. If the PTY is not displayed, press either
SEEK arrow twice to display the PTY and then to
go to another station.
5. Press PROG TYPE to exit program type mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will search for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
w SCAN x: You can scan the stations within a PTY
by performing the following:
1. Press PROG TYPE to activate program type select
mode. The PTY symbol will appear on the display.
2. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and hold
either SCAN arrow, and the radio will begin
scanning the stations in the PTY.
4. Press either SCAN arrow to stop at a station.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will scan for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same programming. To turn alternate frequency on
press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON
will appear on the display. The radio may switch to
stronger stations.
To turn alternate frequency off press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These pushbuttons have factory
PTY presets. You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and
six FM2) by performing the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press PROG TYPE to activate program type select
mode. The PTY symbol will appear on the display.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the PTY you
set will return if program type select mode is
activated.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of national or local emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. The message may display
the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
3. Turn the SELECT knob to select a PTY.
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If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press
the INFO button repeatedly. A new group of words will
appear on the display with each press. Once the
complete message has been displayed, INFO will
disappear from the display until another new message
is received. The old message can be displayed by
pressing the INFO button. You can view an old message
until a new message is received or a different station
is tuned to.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
To receive the traffic announcement from the tuned
station, press this button. Brackets will be displayed
around TRAF and when a traffic announcement comes
on the tuned radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press the TRAF button and the
radio will seek to a station that does. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
the radio will stop and brackets will be displayed around
TRAF. When a traffic announcement comes on the
tuned radio station you will hear it. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
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If the brackets are on the display and TRAF is not, you
can then press the TRAF button to remove the brackets
or use the TUNE knob or the SEEK arrows to go to a
station that supports traffic announcements. If no station
is found, NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
Your radio will play a traffic announcement if the volume
is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a CD if the last
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements and the
brackets are displayed.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
Radio Messages
CALIBRATE: Your audio system has been calibrated
for your vehicle from the factory. If CALIBRATE appears
on the display, it means that your radio has not been
configured properly for your vehicle and must be
returned to the dealership for service.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating
encryption code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
CH Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
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XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
XM Locked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Chk XMRcvr
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
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Playing a CD
With the ignition on, insert a CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull it in, READING
DISC and the CD symbol will appear on the display and
the CD should begin playing. If you want to insert a
CD with the ignition off, first press the EJECT button or
push the RCL knob. If you insert a CD with the radio
off and the ignition on, it will start to play.
If you select an EQ setting for your CD, it will be
activated each time you play a CD.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the
player it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or radio, the CD will start to play where it
stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
\1 (Forward):
Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of
the track.
RDM 2 (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order.
RDM and the track number will appear on the display.
Press RDM again to turn off random play.
3 # (Next Folder): This button does not have a
function for non-MP3 CDs.
4 s (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of
the track.
6 ! (Previous Folder): This button does not have a
function for non-MP3 CDs.
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EQ (Equalizer): Press EQ to select the desired
customized equalization setting while playing a CD. The
equalization will be automatically set whenever you
play a CD. See “EQ” listed previously for more
information.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
w SEEK x: Press the up arrow to go to the start of
the next track. Press the down arrow to go to the
start of the previous track. Pressing either arrow for
more than 2 seconds will search the previous or next
tracks at 2 tracks per second. When you see the
track number that you would like to play release the
button to stop searching and to play the track.
Using an MP3 CD
w SCAN x:
MP3 Format
Press and hold either arrow for more
than two seconds until SCAN and the track number
appear on the display and you hear a beep. The CD will
go to the next track, play for a few seconds, then go
on to the next track. Press either arrow again to
stop scanning.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. To change the default
on the display (track and elapsed time), push the
knob until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob until the display flashes. The selected display
will now be the default. While elapsed time is showing,
CD TIME will appear on the display.
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EJECT: Press this button to eject a CD. Eject may be
activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs
may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
This MP3 player will accept MP3 files that were recorded
on an up to 700 MB CD-R CD. The files can be
recorded with the following fixed bit rates: 32 kbps, 40
kpbs, 56 kpbs, 64 kpbs, 80 kpbs, 96 kpbs, 112
kpbs, 128 kpbs, 160 kpbs, 192 kpbs, 224 kpbs, 256
kpbs and 320 kpbs or a variable bit rate. Song title, artist
name, and album will be available when recorded
using ID3 tags versions 1 and 2.
The player will be able to read and play a maximum of
50 folders, 50 playlists, 10 sessions, and 255 files.
Long file, folder, or playlist names or a combination of a
large number of files and folders or playlists may
cause the player to be unable to play up to the
maximum number of files, folders, playlists, or sessions.
If you wish to play large numbers of files, folders,
playlists, or sessions minimize the length of the file,
folder, or playlist name. You can also play an MP3 CD
that was recorded using no file folders. The system
can support up to 11 folders in depth, though, keep the
depth of the folders to a minimum in order to keep
down the complexity and confusion in trying to locate a
particular folder during playback. If a CD contains
more than the maximum of 50 folders, 50 playlists, 10
sessions, and 255 files the player will let you access and
navigate up to the maximum, but all items over the
maximum will be ignored.
Root Directory
The root directory will be treated as a folder. If the root
directory has compressed audio files, the directory
will be displayed as F1 ROOT. All files contained directly
under the root directory will be accessed prior to any
root directory folders. However, playlists (Px) will always
be accessed before root folders or files.
Empty Directory or Folder
If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in the
file structure that contains only folders/subfolders and no
compressed files directly beneath them, the player will
advance to the next folder in the file structure that
contains compressed audio files and the empty folder
will not be displayed or numbered.
No Folder
When the CD contains only compressed files, the files will
be located under the root folder. The next and previous
folder functions will have no function on a CD that was
recorded without folders or playlists. When displaying the
name of the folder the radio will display ROOT.
When the CD contains only playlists and compressed
audio files, but no folders, all files will be located under
the root folder. The folder down and the folder up
buttons will search playlists (Px) first and then go to the
root folder. When the radio displays the name of the
folder the radio will display ROOT.
Order of Play
Tracks will be played in the following order:
• Play will begin from the first track in the first playlist
and will continue sequentially through all tracks in
each playlist. When the last track of the last playlist
has been played, play will continue from the first
track of the first playlist.
• If the CD does not contain any playlists, then play will
begin from the first track under the root directory.
When all tracks from the root directory have been
played, play will continue from files according to their
numerical listing. After playing the last track from the
last folder, play will begin again at the first track of
the first folder or root directory.
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When play enters a new folder, the display will not
automatically show the new folder name unless
you have chosen the folder mode as the default display,
see RCL later in this section. The new track name
will be displayed
File System and Naming
The song name that will be displayed will be the song
name that is contained in the ID3 tag. If the song name
is not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio will
display the file name without the extension (such
as.mp3) as the track name.
Track names longer than 32 characters or 4 pages will
be shortened. The display will not show parts of
words on the last page of text and the extension of the
filename will not be displayed.
Preprogrammed Playlists
You can access preprogrammed playlists which were
created by WinAmp™, MusicMatch™, or Real
Jukebox™ software, however, you will not have editing
capability. These playlists will be treated as special
folders containing compressed audio song files.
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Playing an MP3
With the ignition on, insert a CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull it in, and the CD
will begin to play after the player has read the table of
contents and the file structure and determined where the
first playable track is located. READING DISC will
appear on the display. After the MP3 has been read,
the number of folders and tracks will be displayed, then
the radio will go back to the default display. The CD
symbol will appear on the display. If you want to insert
an MP3 with the ignition off, first press the EJECT
button or push the RCL knob. If you insert a CD with
the radio off and the ignition on, it will start to play.
If you select an EQ setting for your CD, it will be
activated each time you play a CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
The CD player can play the smaller 8cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Press and release this pushbutton again to turn off
random play. NO RANDOM will appear on the display.
Do not play 3 inch CA3 CDs without a standard
adapter CD.
3 # (Next Folder): Press this pushbutton to go
to the first track in the next folder or playlist. If the CD
contains playlists, it will go through the playlist, then the
folders. Pressing this button while in folder random
mode will take you to the next folder and random the
tracks in that folder. This function will not work on a disc
that does not contain folders or playlists.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
\1 (Forward):
Press and hold this pushbutton to
advance quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at
10 times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to advance at 20 times the
normal playing speed. Release the pushbutton to play
the track. The display will show FWD and the elapsed
time of the track.
RDM 2 (Random): To repeat the tracks in the current
folder or playlist, press and release this pushbutton.
FOLDER RANDOM will appear on the display. Once all
of the tracks in the current folder or playlist have
been played the system will move on to the next folder
or playlist and play all of the tracks in random order.
To repeat the tracks on the CD, press and hold
this pushbutton for two seconds. You will hear a beep
and CD RANDOM will appear on the display. This
feature will not work with playlists.
4 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to
reverse quickly within a track. Press and hold this
pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at
10 times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for
more than two seconds to reverse at 20 times the normal
playing speed. Release the pushbutton to play the track.
The display will show REV and the elapsed time of the
track. If this button is pressed for more than 20 seconds,
the radio will stop reversing and begin to play.
6 ! (Previous Folder): Press this pushbutton to go to
the first track in the previous folder or playlist. If the CD
contains playlists, it will go through the playlist, then the
folders. Pressing this button while in folder random mode
will take you to the previous folder and random the tracks
in that folder. This function will not work on a disc that
does not contain folders or playlists.
When in random, pressing and releasing either SEEK
arrow will take you to the next or previous random track.
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w SEEK x: Press the up arrow to go to the start of
the next track. Press the down arrow to go to the
start of the previous track. Pressing either arrow for
more than 2 seconds will search the previous or next
tracks at 2 tracks per second. When you see the
track number that you would like to play release the
button to stop searching and to play the track.
TUNE: Turn this knob to fast track reverse or advance
through tracks in all folders or playlists. The track
number and file name will appear on the display for
each track. Turn this knob while in random to fast track
reverse or advance the tracks in sequential order.
RCL (Recall): Push this knob to switch between track
mode, folder/playlist mode, and time of day mode.
The display will show only 13 characters, but there can
be up to 3 pages of text. If there are more than 13
characters in the song, folder, or playlist name pushing
this knob within 2 seconds will take you to the next
page of text. If there are no other pages to be shown,
pushing this knob within 2 seconds will take you to
the next display mode.
Track mode will display the current track number and
the ID3 tag song name.
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Folder/playlist mode will display the current folder or
playlist number and the folder/playlist name.
Time of day mode will display the time of day and the
ID3 tag song name.
To change the default on the display, push this knob
until you see the display you want, then hold this knob
for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep
and the selected display will now be the default.
INFO (Information): INFO will appear on the display
whenever a current track has ID3 tag information. Press
this button to display the artist name and album
contained in the tag. INFO will disappear from the
display when the information in the ID3 tag has finished.
BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a
CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio. The CD symbol will appear
on the display when a CD is loaded.
EJECT: Press this button to eject a CD. Eject may be
activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs
may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this
button is pressed first.
CD Messages
Radio with Six-Disc CD
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display and the CD comes out, it could be for one of the
following reasons:
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
normal, the CD should play.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• The format of the CD may not be compatible.
See “MP3 Format” earlier in this section.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
Radio Data System (RDS)
Your audio system is equipped with a Radio Data
System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only
on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.
With RDS, your radio can do the following:
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
• Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
• Receive announcements concerning local and
programming
national emergencies
• Display messages from radio stations
• Seek to stations with traffic announcements.
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This system relies upon receiving specific information
from these stations and will only work when the
information is available. In rare cases, a radio station
may broadcast incorrect information that will cause
the radio features to work improperly. If this happens,
contact the radio station.
While you are tuned to an RDS station, the station
name or the call letters will appear on the display instead
of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the
time of day, a program type (PTY) for current
programming, and the name of the program being
broadcast.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ is a continental U.S. based satellite radio service
that offers 100 coast to coast channels including
music, news, sports, talk, and children’s programming.
XM™ provides digital quality audio and text information,
including song title and artist name. A service fee is
required in order to receive the XM™ service. For more
information, contact XM™ at www.xmradio.com or
call 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Playing the Radio
PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on
and off.
VOLUME: Turn this knob to increase or to decrease
volume.
AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): Your system has a
feature called automatic volume. With this feature,
your audio system adjusts automatically to make up for
road and wind noise as you drive.
Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to
select MIN, MED, or MAX. Each higher setting will
allow for more volume compensation at faster vehicle
speeds. Then, as you drive, automatic volume increases
the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any
speed. The volume level should always sound the same
to you as you drive. If you don’t want to use automatic
volume, select OFF.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display
between the radio station frequency and the time.
Pressing this knob with the ignition off will display
the time.
For XM™ (48 contiguous US states, if equipped), press
the RCL knob while in XM™ mode to retrieve four
different categories of information related to the current
song or channel: Artist, Song Title, Category or PTY,
Channel Number/Channel Name.
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To change the default on the display, press the RCL knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the knob
until the display flashes. The selected display will now be
the default.
Finding a Station
BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2,
AM, or XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if
equipped). The display will show your selection.
TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.
sSEEK t:
Press the right or the left arrow to go to
the next or to the previous station and stay there.
The radio will seek only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
sSCAN t:
Press and hold either SCAN arrow
for two seconds until SC appears on the display and
you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for
a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press
either SCAN arrow again to stop scanning.
To scan preset stations, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds. PRESET SCAN will
appear on the display. You will hear a double beep.
The radio will go to the first preset station stored on your
pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to
the next preset station. Press either SCAN arrow again
to stop scanning presets.
The radio will scan only to stations that are in the
selected band and only to those with a strong signal.
Setting Preset Stations
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite stations. You can set up to 30 stations
(six FM1, six FM2, and six AM, six XM1 and six XM2)
(48 contiguous US states, if equipped), by performing
the following steps:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, AM, or XM1
or XM2.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the station
you set will return and the equalization that you
selected will be automatically stored for that
pushbutton.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
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Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)
Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)
AUDIO: Push the AUDIO knob until BASS, MID, or
TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to increase
or to decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, you may
want to decrease the treble.
AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right
and the left speakers, push the AUDIO knob until BAL
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the
sound toward the right or the left speakers.
To adjust bass, midrange, or treble to the middle
position, select BASS, MID, or TREB and push and hold
the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep
and adjust the display level to zero.
To adjust the fade between the front and the rear
speakers, push and hold the AUDIO knob until FAD
appears on the display. Turn the knob to move
the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone
or speaker control is displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and CENTERED will appear on the display.
To adjust the balance and the fade to the middle
position, select balance or fade and push and hold the
AUDIO knob. The radio will beep once and will
adjust the display level to the middle position.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button
to select customized bass, midrange, and treble
equalization settings designed for country, jazz, talk,
pop, rock, and classical.
To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle
position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or
speaker controls are displayed. The radio will produce
one beep and CENTERED will appear on the display.
To return to the manual mode (CUSTOM), press the
AUTO EQ button until CUSTOM appears on the display.
Then you will be able to manually adjust the bass,
midrange, and treble using the AUDIO knob.
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™)
To select and find a desired PTY perform the following:
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program
type select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected
PTY will appear on the display.
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
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3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either
SEEK arrow to select the PTY and take you to
the PTY’s first station.
4. If you want to go to another station within that PTY
and the PTY is displayed, press either SEEK arrow
once. If the PTY is not displayed, press either
SEEK arrow twice to display the PTY and then to
go to another station.
5. Press P-TYPE to exit program type select mode.
If PTY times out and is no longer on the display,
go back to Step 1.
If both P-TYPE and TRAF are on, the radio will search
for stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
To use the PTY interrupt feature, press and hold the
P-TYPE button until you hear a beep on the PTY you
want to interrupt with. When selected, an asterisk will
appear beside that PTY on the display. You may select
multiple interrupts if desired. When you are listening to a
CD, the last selected RDS station will interrupt play if that
selected program type format is broadcast.
SCAN: You can scan the stations within a PTY by
performing the following:
2. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
3. Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and hold
either SCAN arrow, and the radio will begin
scanning the stations in the PTY.
4. Press either SCAN arrow to stop at a station.
If both PTY and TRAF are on, the radio will scan for
stations with the selected PTY and traffic
announcements.
BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency
allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the
same program type. To turn alternate frequency on
press and hold BAND for two seconds AF ON will
appear on the display. The radio may switch to stronger
stations.
To turn alternate frequency off press and hold BAND
again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the
display. The radio will not switch to other stations. When
you turn the ignition off and then on again, the alternate
frequency feature will automatically be turned on.
This function does not apply for XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
1. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY will
appear on the display.
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Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)
The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your
favorite PTYs. These buttons have factory PTY presets.
You can set up to 12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2) by
performing the following steps:
1. Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.
2. Press the P-TYPE button to activate program type
select mode. P-TYPE and the last selected PTY will
appear on the display.
3. Turn the P-TYPE knob to select a PTY.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered
pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever you
press that numbered pushbutton, the PTY you
set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
RDS Messages
ALERT!: Alert warns of local or national emergencies.
When an alert announcement comes on the current
radio station, ALERT! will appear on the display. You will
hear the announcement, even if the volume is muted
or a CD is playing. If a CD is playing, play will stop
during the announcement. You will not be able to turn
off alert announcements.
ALERT! will not be affected by tests of the emergency
broadcast system. This feature is not supported by
all RDS stations.
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INFO (Information): If the current station has a
message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this
button to see the message. The message may display
the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.
If the whole message is not displayed, parts of the
message will appear every three seconds. To scroll
through the message at your own speed, press the INFO
button repeatedly. A new group of words will appear on
the display with each press. Once the complete message
has been displayed, INFO will disappear from the display
until another new message is received. The old message
can be displayed by pressing the INFO button. You can
view an old message until a new message is received or
a different station is tuned to.
TRAF (Traffic): If TRAF appears on the display, the
tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements.
To receive the traffic announcement from the tuned
station, press this button. Brackets will be displayed
around TRAF and when a traffic announcement comes
on the tuned radio station you will hear it.
If the current tuned station does not broadcast traffic
announcements, press the TRAF button and the
radio will seek to a station that does. When the radio
finds a station that broadcasts traffic announcements,
the radio will stop and brackets will be displayed around
TRAF. When a traffic announcement comes on the
tuned radio station you will hear it. If no station is found,
NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
If the brackets are on the display and TRAF is not, you
can then press the TRAF button to remove the brackets
or use the TUNE knob or the SEEK arrows to go to a
station that supports traffic announcements. If no station
is found, NO TRAFFIC will appear on the display.
Your radio will play the traffic announcements if the
volume is low. Your radio will interrupt the play of a CD if
the last tuned station broadcasts traffic announcements
and the brackets are displayed.
Radio Messages
CAL ERR (Calibration Error): This message is
displayed when the radio has not been calibrated
properly for the vehicle. You must return to the dealer
for service.
LOCKED: This message is displayed when the
THEFTLOCK® system has locked up. You must return
to the dealer for service.
This function does not apply to XM™ Satellite Radio
Service.
XM™ Radio Messages
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XL (Explicit Language
Channels)
XL on the radio display,
after the channel name,
indicates content with
explicit language.
These channels, or any others, can be blocked at a
customer’s request, by calling 1-800-852-XMXM (9696).
Updating
Updating
encryption code
The encryption code in your receiver is being updated, and
no action is required. This process should take no longer
than 30 seconds.
No Signal
Loss of signal
Your system is functioning correctly, but you are in a
location that is blocking the XM signal. When you move
into an open area, the signal should return.
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XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
Loading XM
Acquiring channel audio
(after 4 second delay)
Your radio system is acquiring and processing audio and
text data. No action is needed. This message should
disappear shortly.
CH Off Air
Channel not in service
This channel is not currently in service. Tune to another
channel.
CH Unavail
Channel no longer
available
This previously assigned channel is no longer assigned.
Tune to another station. If this station was one of your
presets, you may need to choose another station for that
preset button.
No Info
Artist Name/Feature not
available
No artist information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Song/Program Title not
available
No song title information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
Category Name not
available
No category information is available at this time on this
channel. Your system is working properly.
No Info
No Text/Informational
message available
No text or informational messages are available at this
time on this channel. Your system is working properly.
Not Found
No channel available for
the chosen category
There are no channels available for the category you
selected. Your system is working properly.
3-96
XM™ Radio Messages (cont’d)
Radio Display
Message
Condition
Action Required
XM Locked
Theft lock active
The XM receiver in your vehicle may have previously been
in another vehicle. For security purposes, XM receivers
cannot be swapped between vehicles. If you receive this
message after having your vehicle serviced, check with the
servicing facility.
Radio ID
Radio ID label
(channel 0)
If you tune to channel 0, you will see this message
alternating with your XM Radio 8 digit radio ID label. This
label is needed to activate your service.
Unknown
Radio ID not known
(should only be if
hardware failure)
If you receive this message when you tune to channel 0,
you may have a receiver fault. Consult with your dealer.
Chk XMRcvr
Hardware failure
If this message does not clear within a short period of time,
your receiver may have a fault. Consult with your retail
location.
Playing a CD
The CD player can play the smaller 8 cm single CDs
with an adapter ring. Full-size CDs and the smaller CDs
are loaded in the same manner.
If playing a CD-R the sound quality may be reduced
due to CD-R quality, the method of recording, the quality
of the music that has been recorded, and the way the
CD-R has been handled. You may experience an
increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or
difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur
try a known good CD.
Do not add paper labels to CDs, they could get caught
in the CD player.
Do not play 3 inch CDs without a standard adapter CD.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
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LOAD CD Z: Press the LOAD side of this button to
load CDs into the CD player. This CD player will
hold up to six CDs.
3. Once the light stops flashing and turns green, load
a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot, label side
up. The player will pull the CD in.
To insert one CD, do the following:
4. Once the CD is loaded, the light will begin flashing
again. Press the LOAD side of the LOAD CD button
again. Once the light turns green, load the next CD.
Repeat this procedure for each CD.
The CD player takes up to six CDs. Do not try to
load more than six.
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and release the LOAD side of the LOAD CD
button.
3. Wait for the light, located to the right of the slot, to
turn green.
4. Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot,
label side up. The player will pull the CD in.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will be displayed.
If you select an equalization setting for your CD, it will
be activated each time you play a CD.
The CD will begin to play automatically. As each new
track starts to play, the track number will appear on the
display.
To insert multiple CDs, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition on.
2. Press and hold the LOAD side of the LOAD CD
button for two seconds.
You will hear a beep and the light, located to the
right of the slot, will begin to flash.
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To load more than one CD but less than six, complete
Steps 1 through 3. When you have finished loading
CDs, the radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.
When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will be displayed.
If more than one CD has been loaded, a number for
each CD will be displayed. If you select an equalization
setting for your CD, it will be activated each time you
play a CD.
As each new track starts to play, the track number will
appear on the display.
Playing a Specific Loaded CD
For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the
display. To play a specific CD, first press the CD AUX
button, then press the numbered pushbutton that
corresponds to the CD you want to play. A small bar will
appear under the CD number that is playing, and the
track number will appear.
If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages”
later in this section.
LOAD CD Z (Eject): Press the CD eject side of this
button to eject a CD. You will hear a beep and the
light will flash to let you know when a CD is being
ejected.
REMOVE CD will be displayed. You can now remove
the CD. If the CD is not removed, after 25 seconds, the
CD will be automatically pulled back into the receiver.
If you try to push the CD back into the receiver,
before the 25 second time period is complete, the
receiver will sense an error and will try to eject the CD
several times before stopping.
Do not repeatedly press the CD eject button to eject a
CD after you have tried to push it in manually. The
receivers 25-second eject timer will reset at each press
of eject, which will cause the receiver to not eject
the CD until the 25-second time period has elapsed.
Once the player stops and the CD is ejected, remove
the CD. After removing the CD, push the PWR knob off
and then on again, or wait for the system to reset.
This will clear the CD-sensing feature and enable CDs
to be loaded into the player again.
{ REV (Reverse):
Press and hold this button to
reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of
the track.
FWD | (Forward): Press and hold this button to
advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a
reduced volume. Release the button to play the
passage. The display will show the elapsed time of the
track.
RPT (Repeat): With repeat, you can repeat one track
or an entire CD. To use repeat, do the following:
• To repeat the track you are listening to, press and
release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the
display. Press RPT again to turn off repeat play.
• To repeat the CD you are listening to, press and
hold the RPT button for two seconds. RPT will
appear on the display. Press RPT again to turn off
repeat play.
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RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to the
tracks in random, rather than sequential, order, on one
CD or on all of the CDs. To use random, do one of
the following:
• To play the tracks on the CD you are listening to in
random order, press and release the RDM button.
RANDOM ONE will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
• To play the tracks on all of the CDs that are loaded
in random order, press and hold RDM for more
than two seconds. You will hear a beep and
RANDOM ALL will appear on the display. Press
RDM again to turn off random play.
AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press AUTO EQ
to select the desired equalization setting while playing
a CD. The equalization will be automatically set
whenever you play a CD. For more information on
AUTO EQ, see “AUTO EQ” listed previously in
this section.
sSEEK t:
Press the left arrow to go to the start of the
current track, if more than ten seconds have passed.
Press the right arrow to go to the next track. If you hold an
arrow or press it more than once, the player will continue
moving backward or forward through the CD.
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sSCAN t: To scan one CD, press and hold either
SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of each track of the
currently selected CD. Press either SCAN arrow again,
to stop scanning.
To scan all loaded CDs, press and hold either SCAN
arrow for more than four seconds until CD SCAN
appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this
feature to listen to 10 seconds of the first tracks of each
CD loaded. Press either SCAN arrow again, to stop
scanning.
RCL (Recall): Press this knob to see how long the
current track has been playing. To change the default
on the display (track and elapsed time), press the knob
until you see the display you want, then hold the
knob until the display flashes. The selected display will
now be the default.
BAND: Press this button to play the radio when a
CD(s) is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely
inside the radio for future listening.
CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD
when listening to the radio.
Using Song List Mode
The six-CD CD changer has a feature called song list.
This feature is capable of saving 20 track selections.
To save tracks into the song list feature, perform
the following steps:
1. Turn the CD player on and load it with at least one
CD. See “LOAD CD” listed previously in this section
for more information.
To play the song list, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will appear on the
display. The recorded tracks will begin to play in
the order that they were saved.
You may seek through the song list by using the SEEK
SCAN arrows. Seeking past the last saved track will
return you to the first saved track.
To delete tracks from the song list, perform the following
steps:
2. Check to see that the CD changer is not in song list
mode. S-LIST should not appear in the display. If
S-LIST is present, press the SONG LIST button
to turn it off.
1. Turn the CD player on.
3. Select the desired CD by pressing the numbered
pushbutton and then use the SEEK SCAN right
arrow button to locate the track that you want
to save. The track will begin to play.
3. Press the SEEK SCAN arrows to select the desired
track to be deleted.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button to save the
track into memory. When SONG LIST is pressed a
beep will be heard immediately. After two seconds
of continuously pressing SONG LIST, two beeps will
sound to confirm that the track has been saved.
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
4. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for two
seconds. When SONG LIST is pressed, a beep
will be heard immediately. After two seconds
of continuously pressing the SONG LIST button,
two beeps will be heard to confirm that the track has
been deleted.
5. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.
S-LIST FULL will appear on the display if you try to save
more than 20 selections.
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After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are
moved up the list. When another track is added to the
song list, the track will be added to the end of the list.
To delete the entire song list, perform the following steps:
CD Messages
CHECK CD: If this message appears on the radio
display, it could be for one of the following reasons:
1. Turn the CD player on.
• It is very hot. When the temperature returns to
2. Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on.
S-LIST will appear on the display.
• You are driving on a very rough road. When the
3. Press and hold the SONG LIST button for more
than four seconds. A beep will be heard, followed
by two beeps after two seconds and a final beep will
be heard after four seconds. S-LIST EMPTY will
appear on the display indicating that the song
list has been deleted.
If a CD is ejected, and the song list contains saved
tracks from that CD, those tracks are automatically
deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song
list again are added to the bottom of the list.
To end song list mode, press the SONG LIST button.
One beep will be heard and S-LIST will be removed from
the display.
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normal, the CD should play.
road becomes smoother, the CD should play.
• The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.
• The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and
try again.
• There may have been a problem while burning
the CD.
• The label may be caught in the CD player.
If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason,
try a known good CD.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be
corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an
error message, write it down and provide it to your
dealer when reporting the problem.
Rear Seat Entertainment System
Your vehicle may have a Digital Versatile Disc (DVD)
system. The Rear Seat Entertainment (RSE) includes a
DVD player, a video display screen, two sets of
cordless headphones, and a remote control.
Before You Drive
The RSE is designed for rear seat passengers only.
The driver cannot safely view the video screen
while driving and should not try to do so.
Your DVD system is designed to be inoperable when
the vehicle is exposed to extremely low or high
temperatures, in order to protect your system from
damage. Operate your DVD system under normal or
comfortable cabin temperature ranges.
Headphones
The entertainment system includes two cordless
headphones.
The transmitters are located below the overhead RSE
control panel. The headphones will shut off automatically
to save the battery power if the DVD system is shut
off, or if the headphones are out of range of the
transmitters for more than three minutes. If you move
too far forward or step out of the vehicle, the
headphones will lose the audio signal.
To adjust the volume on the cordless headphones, use
the volume control.
Notice: Do not store the headphones in heat or
direct sunlight. This could damage the headphones
and repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
Keep the headphones stored in a cool, dry place.
If there is a decreased audio signal during CD or DVD
play, you may hear a low “hissing” noise through the
speakers and/or headphones. If the hissing sound in the
wireless headphones seems excessive, make sure
that the headphone batteries are fully charged. Some
amount of hissing is normal.
The cordless headphones have an ON/OFF switch and
a volume control. To use the headphones turn the
switch to ON. An indicator light on the headphones will
illuminate. If the light does not illuminate, the batteries
may need to be replaced. See “Battery Replacement”
later in this section for more information. Switch the
headphones to OFF when not in use.
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Battery Replacement
To change the batteries, do the following:
1. Loosen the screw on the battery compartment door
located on the left side of the headphone earpiece.
2. Replace the two AAA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly using the
diagram on the inside of the battery compartment.
3. Tighten the screw on the battery compartment door.
If the headphones are to be stored for a long period
of time, remove the batteries, and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
Stereo RCA Jacks
The RCA jacks are located behind the video screen on
the DVD console. The RCA jacks allow you to
connect audio and video signals from an auxiliary
device such as a camcorder or a video game unit to
your RSE. The yellow RCA jack is used for video, the
red RCA jack for right audio, and the white RCA
jack for left audio inputs. The system requires standard
RCA cables (not included) to connect your auxiliary
device to the RCA jacks. Refer to the manufacturer’s
instructions for proper usage.
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To use the auxiliary audio and video inputs on the
entertainment system, connect an external auxiliary
device such as a camcorder to the RCA jacks and turn
on both the auxiliary device power and the power on
the front of the RSE player.
If a disc is present when the RSE power is turned on,
the player will automatically begin playing the disc
and the user will need to press the SRCE button on the
remote control or on the DVD player faceplate to
toggle the system between the DVD player and the
auxiliary device. See “DVD Player”, and “Remote
Control” later in this section for more information.
Audio Speakers
Audio from the DVD player or auxiliary devices can be
heard through the following possible sources:
• Wireless Headphones
• Vehicle’s Speakers
• Wired Headphones (Not included)
Only one audio source can be heard through the
vehicles speakers at a time.
You can listen to the entertainment system or an
auxiliary device through all of the vehicles speakers
when the following occurs:
• A DVD or auxiliary device is playing
• The front audio system is on and the CD AUX
button is pressed to enable the entertainment
system.
The front audio system will display RSE when the
entertainment system is on and RSE OFF when it is off.
To turn the vehicles speakers on and off, press the
CD AUX button on the front audio system. The audio
from the entertainment system can be heard through
both the wireless headphones and the vehicles speakers
at the same time.
The volume on the audio system may vary when
switching between a radio station, CD, DVD, or auxiliary
device.
If there is a decreased audio signal during CD or DVD
play, you may hear a low “hissing” noise through
the speakers and/or headphones. If the hissing sound in
the wireless headphones seems excessive, make
sure that the headphone batteries are fully charged.
Some amount of hissing is normal.
Video Screen
The video screen is located in the overhead console.
To use the video screen, do the following:
1. Push forward on the release button and the screen
will fold down.
2. Push the screen away from you and adjust its
position as desired.
When the video screen is not in use, push it up into its
stowed and latched position.
The DVD player and display will continue to operate
when the video screen is in either the up or down
positions.
The video screen contains the transmitters for the
cordless headphones and the receiver for the remote
control. If the screen is in the closed position, the signals
will not be available for the operation of the headphones
or the remote control.
Notice: Avoid directly touching the video screen,
as damage may occur. See Cleaning the Video
Screen on page 3-119 for more information.
3-105
DVD Player
DVD Player Buttons
The DVD player is located in the overhead console.
The DVD player can be controlled by the buttons on the
DVD player, and/or by the buttons on the remote
control. See “Remote Control” later in this section for
more information.
The DVD player is only compatible with DVDs of the
appropriate region code for the country that the vehicle
was sold in. On some DVD jackets, you will see the
region displayed. Standard audio CDs can also
be played by the DVD player. The video screen will
default to off when an audio CD is played.
If an error message appears on the video screen, see
“DVD Messages” later in this section.
Y (Eject):
Press this button to eject a DVD or CD.
SRCE (Source): Press this button to toggle the system
between the DVD player and an auxiliary source.
y (Main Menu):
Press this button to view the media
menu. The media menu is different on every DVD.
Use the up, down, right, and left arrow buttons to move
the cursor around the media menu. After making a
selection press enter. This button only operates when
using a DVD.
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O (Power): Press this button to turn the DVD player
on and off.
T (Power Light):
Shows if power is on or off.
o (Stop): Press this button to stop playing, rewinding,
or fast forwarding. Press this button twice to return to
the beginning of the DVD.
s (Play/Pause): Press this button to start play of a
DVD or CD. Press this button while a DVD or CD is
playing to pause it. Press it again to continue play of a
DVD or CD.
z (Display Control Button):
Press this button to
adjust color, tint, brightness, contrast, and display mode
(normal, full, or zoom). The dynamic range compression
feature can be used to reduce the loud audio produced
by some DVDs and to improve the audio quality.
n u, q t, p r, o [ (Directional Control
Circle): Press these buttons to move through menu
choices, or to move forward or back in a movie. These
controls can be used to move forward or backward
through a CD.
Parental Control Button: This button is located behind
the video screen, next to the auxiliary jacks, near the
driver of the vehicle. Press this button while a DVD or CD
is playing to freeze the video and mute the audio. The
video screen will display Parental Control On and the
power indicator light on the DVD player will flash. It will
also disable all other button operations from the remote
control and the DVD player, with the exception of the
eject button. The driver will then be able to gain the
attention of the rear seat passengers. Press this button
again to restore normal operation of the DVD player and
remote control.
This button may also be used to turn the DVD player
power on and automatically resume play if the vehicle is
in an enabled power mode.
Playing a Disc
To play a disc, gently insert the disc (with the label side
up) into the loading slot. The DVD player will continue
loading the disc and the player will automatically start if
the vehicle is in run, accessory or RAP.
If a disc is already in the player, make sure that the
DVD player is on, then press the play/pause button on
the player faceplate or on the remote control.
r (Enter): Press this button to select choices
highlighted in any menu.
3-107
Some DVDs will not allow you to fast forward or skip
the copyright information or previews. Some DVDs will
begin playing after the previews have finished. If the
DVD does not begin playing at the main title, refer to the
on-screen instructions.
Stopping and Resuming Playback
To stop playing a disc, press and release the stop
button on the DVD player faceplate or the remote
control.
To resume playback, press the play/pause button on
the DVD player faceplate or the remote control. As long
as the disc has not been ejected, and the stop button
has not been pressed twice on the remote control or the
DVD player faceplate, the movie should resume play
from where it was last stopped.
If the disc has been ejected, or if the stop button has
been pressed twice on the remote control or the
DVD player faceplate, the disc will resume play at the
beginning of the disc.
Ejecting a Disc
Press the eject button on the DVD player faceplate to
eject the disc. There is not an eject button on the remote
control.
If a disc is ejected from the player, but not removed, the
DVD player will reload the disc after a short period of
time. The disc will be stored in the DVD player.
The DVD player will not resume play of the disc
automatically.
DVD Messages
The following errors may be displayed on the video
screen.
Disc Format Error: This message will be displayed if a
disc is inserted upside down, if the disc is not readable, or
if the disc format is not compatible with the DVD player.
Disc Play Error: This message will be displayed if the
mechanism can not play the disc. Scratched or
damaged discs will cause this error.
Region Code Error: This message will be displayed if
the region code of the DVD is not compatible with
the region code of the DVD player.
Load/Eject Error: This message will be displayed if the
disc is not properly loaded or ejected.
No Disc: This message will be displayed when the play
button is pressed without a disc in the player.
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Remote Control
Remote Control Buttons
To use the remote control, aim it at the transmitter
window below the video screen and press the desired
button. Direct sunlight or very bright light may affect the
ability of the transmitter to receive signals from the
remote control. Be sure the remote control’s batteries
are not weak or discharged. Objects blocking the line of
sight will affect the function of the remote control.
Notice: Storing the remote control in a hot area or
in direct sunlight may damage it, and the repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Store
the remote control stored in a cool, dry place.
O(Power): Press this button to turn the DVD player
on or off.
v (Title):
Press this button to go back to the title
screen, if there is one.
3-109
n, q, p, o (Directional Arrows): Press these
buttons to move through DVD menus. The up arrow will
skip to the next chapter or track, the down arrow will
take you to the beginning of the current chapter or track.
Press the down arrow twice to take you to the previous
chapter or track. The right arrow will fast forward
and the left arrow will reverse through a chapter or track.
z (Display Control Button):
Press this button to
adjust color, tint, brightness, contrast, and display mode
(normal, full, or zoom). The dynamic range compression
feature can be used to reduce the loud audio produced
by some DVDs, and to improve the audio quality.
e (Sound):
This button moves to the next language
or commentary. Press this button to call-up a menu that
will operate only when a DVD is playing. The format
and content of this function will vary from disc to disc.
r (Rewind): Press this button to reverse the DVD. To
stop reversing, press this button again. This button
may not work when the DVD is playing the copyright
information or the previews.
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SRCE (Source): Press this button to toggle the system
between the DVD player and an auxiliary source.
c (Stop): Press this button to stop playing, rewinding,
or fast forwarding a DVD or CD. Press this button
twice to return to the beginning of the DVD.
t (Prior Chapter/Track):
Press this button to go to
the beginning of the current chapter or track. Press this
button again to return to the previous chapter or
track. This button may not work when the DVD is playing
the copyright information or previews.
1 through 0 (Numeric Keypad): The numeric keypad
provides you with the capability of direct chapter title
and track number selection.
}10 (Double Digit Entries):
Press this button, located
on the bottom right of the numeric key pad, to select
chapter, title, and track numbers greater than 9. Press
this button before selecting the number.
\ (Clear):
| (Camera):
P (Backlight): This button turns on backlighting on
the remote.
{ (Subtitles):
Press this button, located on the bottom
left of the numeric key pad, within three seconds
after inputting a numeric selection, to clear all
numeric inputs.
y (Main Menu):
Press this button to view the media
menu. The media menu is different on every disc.
Use the up, down, right, and left arrow buttons to move
the cursor around the media menu. After making a
selection, press the enter button.
r (Enter):
Press this button to select choices
highlighted in any menu.
q (Return): Press this button to take you back one
step in any menu. Press this button to exit the current
menu and to move to the previous menu. This button will
operate only when a DVD is playing and/or a menu
is active.
This button changes camera angles on
DVDs that have this feature. Press this button to
call-up a menu that will operate only when a DVD is
being played. The format and content of this function will
vary from disc to disc.
This button turns on subtitles and
moves through subtitle options (English, Spanish,
French, etc., if available). Press this button to call-up a
menu that will operate only when a DVD is being
played. The format and content of this function will vary
from disc to disc.
[ (Fast Forward):
Press this button to fast forward
the DVD. To stop fast forwarding, press this button
again. This button may not work when the DVD
is playing the copyright information or the previews.
s (Play/Pause):
Press this button to start play of a
DVD or CD. Press this button while a DVD is playing
to pause it. Press it again to continue playing the
DVD or CD.
u (Next Chapter/Track):
Press this button to go to
the beginning of the next chapter or track. This
button may not work when the DVD is playing the
copyright information or the previews.
3-111
Setup Menu
Battery Replacement
To access the setup menu, ensure that a DVD is in the
player and the video is stopped. Press the main
menu button. Once the menu is activated, use the
directional arrows and the enter button to navigate
the screen.
To change the remote control batteries, do the following:
The setup menu allows the user to select default
preferences for Menu Language, Subtitle Language,
Audio Language, TV Aspect, TV Mode, and Dynamic
Range Compression.
Not all DVDs support all the feature defaults in the
setup menus. In the event a particular feature is
not supported, defaults will be provided by the
DVD media.
Exit the setup menu by pressing the return button on
the remote control or the DVD player. If you make
changes to the system setup defaults, the disc
will resume play from its beginning and not where it
previously left off.
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1. Unclip the battery door located on the back of the
remote control.
2. Replace the two AA batteries in the compartment.
Make sure that they are installed correctly, using
the diagram on the inside of the battery
compartment.
3. Close the battery door.
If the remote control is to be stored for a long period of
time, remove the batteries and keep them in a cool,
dry place.
Tips and Trouble
Problem
No power.
Disc will not play.
No sound.
Recommended Action
The ignition may not be in
run, accessory or RAP.
The parental control
button might have been
pressed. (The power
indicator light will flash).
The system might be off.
The parental control
button might have been
pressed. (The power
indicator light will flash).
The system might be in
auxiliary source mode.
Press the SRCE button to
toggle between the DVD
player and the auxiliary
source. The disc is upside
down or is not compatible.
The volume on the
headphones could be too
low. Adjust the volume on
the right earpiece on the
cordless headphones.
If the DVD system is
being heard through the
vehicle speakers, adjust
the volume from the radio.
The radio must have the
RSE channel enabled by
using the CD/AUX button.
Problem
The picture is distorted
during fast forward or
reverse.
The picture does not fill the
screen. There are black
borders on the top and
bottom or on both sides or
it looks stretched out.
I ejected the disc and tried
to take it out, but it was
pulled back into the slot.
The language in the audio
or on the screen is wrong.
The remote control does
not work.
Recommended Action
This is normal for this
operation.
Quickly press and release
the display control button
on the remote control or
the DVD player and
choose Display Mode.
Then select Full. This will
fill the screen. If there are
borders on the top and
bottom, the movie may
have been made that way
for a standard screen.
Eject the disc again.
Press the main menu
button on the DVD player
or the remote control and
change the audio or
language selection on the
DVD menu.
Point the remote control
directly at the transmitter
window. The batteries
could be weak or put in
wrong. The parental
control button might have
been pressed. (The power
indicator light will flash.)
3-113
Problem
How do I get subtitles on
or off?
Recommended Action
Press the subtitle button
on the remote control to
go to the DVDs main
menu. Then follow the
screen prompts.
After stopping the player, I Press the stop button on
the remote control to
push the play button but
sometimes the DVD starts resume where the DVD
left off. Press the stop
where I left off, and
button twice to start the
sometimes at the
DVD at the beginning. If
beginning.
the power is off and the
DVD is still in the player,
press the play button.
Press and release the
The DVD is playing but
SRCE button on the
there is no picture or
remote control or the DVD
sound. The auxiliary
player to get to auxiliary
source is running but
input. Check to make sure
there is no picture or
that the auxiliary source is
sound.
connected to the inputs
properly.
The audio or video skips
The DVD could be dirty or
or jumps.
scratched. Try cleaning
the DVD.
3-114
Problem
When I return to the DVD
from the system menu,
sometimes it plays from
the beginning and
sometimes from where it
left off.
The fast forward, reverse,
previous and next
functions do not work.
Recommended Action
If the stop button was
pressed once, it resumes
play from where it left off.
If the stop button was
pressed twice, it will start
at the beginning of the
DVD. However, if a
change was made to the
menu the DVD will start
from where it left off, even
if the stop button was only
pressed once.
Some commands that do
one thing for DVDs will
not always work or
perform the same function
for audio, CDs or games.
These functions may also
be disabled when the
DVD is playing the
copyright information or
previews.
Problem
My disc is stuck in the
player. The eject button
does not work.
Recommended Action
Press the eject button on
the DVD player. Turn the
power off, then on again,
then press the eject
button on the DVD player.
Do not attempt to force or
remove the disc from the
player. If the problem
persists, return to your
dealer for further
assistance.
I lost the remote control
Contact your dealer for
and/or the headphones.
assistance.
What is the best way to
Wipe the video screen
clean the screen?
with a soft cloth that is
slightly damp with water.
This could be caused by
Sometimes the cordless
headphone audio cuts out interference from cell
towers or by using your
or buzzes for a moment,
cellular telephone or other
then it comes back.
radio transmitter device in
the vehicle.
Problem
DVD System inoperable.
Recommended Action
In severe or extreme
temperatures your DVD
system might not be
operable. Temperatures
below −4°F (−20°C) or
above 140°F (60°C) could
damage your DVD
system. Please operate
your DVD system under
normal or comfortable
cabin temperature ranges.
The cordless headphones Verify that the
have audio distortion.
headphones are facing to
the front of the vehicle
(left and right sides are
indicated on the
headphones to ensure
that the signal is received
properly.
In auxiliary mode, the
Check the signal coming
picture moves or scrolls.
from the auxiliary device
and make sure that the
connection and the signal
are good.
3-115
Rear Audio Controller (RAC)
PRESET: Press this button to go to a station you have
programmed on the radio preset pushbuttons.
If your vehicle has the MP3 CD player, pressing this
button will take you to the next folder.
PLAY: Press this button to play a CD when listening to
the radio.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again, or any other radio button, to turn on the sound.
If your vehicle has this option, you can control certain
radio functions using the buttons on your Rear
Audio Controller (RAC).
Q VOL R (Volume): Press the up or the down arrow
to increase or to decrease volume.
Q SEEK R: Press the up or the down arrow to tune
to the next or the previous radio station. If a CD is
playing, the player will advance with the up arrow and
reverse with the down arrow.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
BAND: Press this button to choose FM1, FM2, AM, or
XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if equipped).
Press this button when a CD is playing, to listen to the
radio. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
3-116
THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your
radio. The feature works automatically by learning
a portion of the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will
not operate and LOCKED will be displayed.
With THEFTLOCK activated, your radio will not operate
if stolen.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio functions using the buttons on your steering wheel.
BAND: Press this button to choose FM1, FM2, AM, or
XM1 or XM2 (48 contiguous US states, if equipped).
Press this button when a CD is playing to listen to the
radio. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the
radio for future listening.
Q SEEK R: Press the up or the down arrow to tune
to the next or to the previous radio station. If a CD
is playing, the tape or the CD, will advance with the up
arrow and reverse with the down arrow.
Q VOL R (Volume): Press the up or the down arrow
to increase or to decrease volume.
PLAY: Press this button to play a CD when listening to
the radio.
PRESET: Press this button to go to a station you have
programmed on the radio preset pushbuttons.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the system. Press it
again, or any other radio button, to turn on the sound.
If your vehicle has the six-disc CD audio system and
multiple discs are loaded, each press of PRESET
will take you to the next disc.
If your vehicle has the MP3 CD player, pressing this
button will take you to the next folder.
3-117
DVD Distortion
You may experience video distortion when operating
cellular phones, scanners, CB radios, Global Position
Systems (GPS)*, two-way radios, mobile fax, or
walkie talkies.
It may be necessary to turn off the DVD player when
operating one of these devices in or near the vehicle.
*Excludes the OnStar® System.
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States)
XM™ Satellite Radio gives you digital radio reception
from coast to coast. Just as with FM, tall buildings
or hills can interfere with satellite radio signals, causing
the sound to come and go. Your radio may display
NO SIGNAL to indicate interference.
Care of Your CDs and DVDs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen
a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.
Be sure never to touch the side without writing when
handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer
edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.
FM Stereo
Care of Your CD and DVD Player
FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals
will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).
Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics
with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
3-118
Cleaning Your DVD Player
When cleaning the outside DVD cabinet face and
buttons, use only a clean cloth dampened with
clean water.
Cleaning the Video Screen
When cleaning the video screen, use only a clean cloth
dampened with clean water. Use care when directly
touching or cleaning the screen, as damage may result.
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna
System (48 Contiguous US States)
Your XM™ Satellite Radio antenna is located on the roof
of your vehicle. Keep this antenna clear of snow and
ice build up for clear radio reception.
The performance of your XM™ system may be affected
if your sunroof is open.
Loading items onto the roof of your vehicle can interfere
with the performance of your XM™ system. Make
sure that the XM™ satellite antenna is not obstructed.
Integrated Windshield Antenna
The antenna in your vehicle is a very thin, metal layer in
the windshield. If you look near the edges of the
windshield, you can see the outline of the antenna.
The connector is at the top of the windshield, where the
headliner ends.
If you experience difficulty with remote transmitters,
such as a garage door opener, try pointing the device
through the very top of the windshield.
3-119
✍ NOTES
3-120
Section 4
Driving Your Vehicle
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ..........4-2
Driver Behavior ..............................................4-2
Driving Environment ........................................4-2
Vehicle Design ...............................................4-3
Defensive Driving ...........................................4-3
Drunken Driving .............................................4-4
Control of a Vehicle ........................................4-7
Braking .........................................................4-7
Traction Control System (TCS) .......................4-10
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System .......................4-12
Steering ......................................................4-12
Off-Road Recovery .......................................4-14
Passing .......................................................4-15
Loss of Control .............................................4-16
Driving at Night ............................................4-18
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................4-20
City Driving ..................................................4-23
Freeway Driving ...........................................4-24
Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................4-25
Highway Hypnosis ........................................4-26
Hill and Mountain Roads ................................4-26
Winter Driving ..............................................4-28
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ........4-33
Towing ..........................................................4-34
Towing Your Vehicle .....................................4-34
Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................4-34
Loading Your Vehicle ....................................4-36
Towing a Trailer ...........................................4-42
4-1
Your Driving, the Road, and
Your Vehicle
Whenever we drive, we are taking on an important
responsibility. This is true for any motor
vehicle — passenger car, van, truck, sport utility.
Driver behavior, the driving environment, and the
vehicle’s design all affect how well a vehicle performs.
But statistics show that the most important factor, by far,
is how we drive.
Knowing how these three factors work together can help
you understand how your vehicle handles and what
you can do to avoid many types of crashes, including a
rollover crash.
Driver Behavior
The single most important thing is this: everyone in the
vehicle, including the driver, should buckle up. See Safety
Belts: They Are for Everyone on page 1-12. In fact, most
serious injuries and fatalities to unbelted occupants can
be reduced or prevented by the use of safety belts. In a
rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more
4-2
likely to die than a person wearing a seat belt. In addition,
avoiding excessive speed, sudden or abrupt turns and
drunken or aggressive driving can help make trips safer
and avoid the possibility of a crash, especially a rollover
crash. This section provides many useful tips to help you
drive more safely.
Driving Environment
You can also help avoid a rollover or other type of crash
by being prepared for driving in inclement weather, at
night, or during other times where visibility or traction may
be limited (such as on curves, slippery roads or hilly
terrain). Unfamiliar surroundings can also have hidden
hazards.
To help you learn more about driving in different
conditions, this section contains information about city,
freeway and off-road driving, as well as other hints
for driving in various weather conditions.
Vehicle Design
According to the U.S. Department of Transportation,
utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover
rate than other types of vehicles. Utility vehicles do
have higher ground clearance and a narrower track or
shorter wheelbase than passenger cars, to make
them more capable for off-road driving. Specific design
characteristics like these give the driver a better
view of the road, but also give utility vehicles a higher
center of gravity than other types of vehicles. This
means that you should not expect a utility vehicle to
handle the same way a vehicle with a lower center
of gravity, like a car, would in similar situations.
But driver behavior factors are far more often the cause
of a utility vehicle rollover than are environmental or
vehicle factors. Safe driver behavior and understanding
the environment in which you will be driving can help
avoid a rollover crash in any type of vehicle, including
utility vehicles.
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to
be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what
they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following
distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in
both city and rural driving. You never know when the
vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the
driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular
telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on
the floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult
and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.
Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the
road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple
defensive driving techniques could save your life.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for
Everyone on page 1-12.
4-3
Drunken Driving
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor
to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims
every year.
Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a
vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Judgment
Muscular Coordination
Vision
Attentiveness.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. In most cases,
these deaths are the result of someone who was
drinking and driving. In recent years, more than
16,000 annual motor vehicle-related deaths have been
associated with the use of alcohol, with more than
300,000 people injured.
Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult
population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,
it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway
safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and
then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too
much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less
than many might think. Although it depends on each
person and situation, here is some general information
on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
• The amount of alcohol consumed
• The drinker’s body weight
• The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
• The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
4-4
According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb
(82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml)
bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC
of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the
same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or
90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s BAC
would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes
food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat
lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally
have a lower relative percentage of body water
than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this
means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC
level than a man of her same body weight will when
each has the same number of drinks.
The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent.
In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For
example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany.
The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United
States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,
it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and
how quickly the person drinks them.
4-5
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance
of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in
one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the
right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to
react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
4-6
There is something else about drinking and driving that
many people do not know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
{CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You can have a
serious — or even fatal — collision if you drive
after drinking. Please do not drink and drive or
ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride
home in a cab; or if you are with a group,
designate a driver who will not drink.
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at
the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That is reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that
is only an average. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving
at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That
could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping
enough space between your vehicle and others is
important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement
or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of
the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it
is easy to ask more of those control systems than
the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose
control of your vehicle. Also see Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-10.
4-7
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in
spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is
a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.
That means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake
normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,
the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and
the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes. ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
United States
Canada
If your vehicle has anti-lock brakes, this warning light on
the instrument panel will come on briefly when you
start your vehicle.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself.
You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that
your brake pedal moves or pulses a little. This is normal.
4-8
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could. The computer is
programmed to make the most of available tire and road
conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle
while braking hard.
Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely.
Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam
on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what
happens with ABS:
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer
will separately work the brakes at each wheel.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on wheel speed and controls braking pressure
accordingly.
4-9
Remember: Anti-lock does not change the time you
need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always
decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to
the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply
your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.
Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even
though you have anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal
down firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel
a slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise,
but this is normal.
If you do not have anti-lock, use a “squeeze” braking
technique. This will give you maximum braking while
maintaining steering control. You can do this by pushing
on the brake pedal with steadily increasing pressure.
In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze the
brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear or
feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal.
This will help you retain steering control. If you do have
anti-lock, it is different. See “Anti-Lock Brake System”
in this section.
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
even the very best braking.
Braking in Emergencies
Traction Control System (TCS)
At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation
that requires hard braking.
Your vehicle may have a traction control system that
limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery
road conditions. The system operates only if it senses
that one or both of the front wheels are spinning or
beginning to lose traction. When this happens,
the system works the front brakes and reduces engine
power to limit wheel spin.
If you have anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the
same time. However, if you do not have anti-lock, your
first reaction — to hit the brake pedal hard and hold
it down — may be the wrong thing to do. Your wheels
can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle can not
respond to your steering. Momentum will carry it
in whatever direction it was headed when the wheels
stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into the very
thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.
4-10
The TRACTION ACTIVE message will come on when
the traction control system is limiting wheel spin.
See Traction Active Message on page 3-44. You may
feel or hear the system working, but this is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. See “Cruise Control” under
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-8.
United States
Canada
If this message comes on and stays on or comes on
while you are driving, there’s a problem with your
traction control system.
See Service Traction System Warning Message on
page 3-43. When this warning message is on, the TRAC
OFF light will come on to remind you that the system
will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel
spin, especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to.
You should turn the system off if your vehicle ever gets
stuck in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle
is required.
To turn the system off,
press the TRAC OFF
button located on
the instrument panel
switchbank.
If the system is limiting wheel spin when you press the
button, the message will go off, but the system will not
turn off until there is no longer a current need to limit
wheel spin. The TRAC OFF light will come on to remind
you the system is off. You can turn the system back on at
any time by pressing the button again. The traction
control system warning message should go off.
4-11
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System
Steering
If your vehicle has all-wheel drive (AWD), the AWD
system operates automatically without any action
required by the driver. If the front drive wheels begin to
slip, the rear wheels will automatically begin to drive
the vehicle as required. There may be a slight
engagement noise during hard use but this is normal.
Power Steering
During heavy AWD applications, the engine torque may
be reduced to protect AWD system components. If the
vehicle is exposed to extended heavy AWD usage, the
AWD system will shut itself off to protect the system from
overheating. When the system cools down, the AWD
system will activate itself again automatically; this
cool-down can take up to 20 minutes depending on
outside temperature and vehicle use. See All-Wheel
Drive Disable Warning Message on page 3-49.
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here is why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves.
The traction of the tires against the road surface makes
it possible for the vehicle to change its path when
you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia
will keep the vehicle going in the same direction.
If you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you
will understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you are in a curve, speed is the one factor you
can control.
4-12
Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve.
Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both control
systems — steering and braking — have to do their
work where the tires meet the road. Unless you
have four-wheel anti-lock brakes, adding the hard
braking can demand too much of those places. You can
lose control.
The same thing can happen if you are steering through
a sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those
two control systems — steering and acceleration — can
overwhelm those places where the tires meet the
road and make you lose control. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-10.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on
the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way
you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds
are based on good weather and road conditions. Under
less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find
a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You
can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop
in time. But sometimes you can not; there is not
room. That is the time for evasive action — steering
around the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes.
See Braking on page 4-7. It is better to remove as much
speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, to the left or right depending
on the space available.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach
a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-13
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you
can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without
removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer
quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel
once you have avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving
at all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-14
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way,
steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of
the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to
one-quarter turn until the right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go
straight down the roadway.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then
goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic accidents — the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
• “Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides
and to crossroads for situations that might affect
your passing patterns. If you have any doubt
whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait
for a better time.
• Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it is all
right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear).
Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or
a double solid line, even if the road seems empty
of approaching traffic.
• Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you are following a larger
vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if
the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.
Keep back a reasonable distance.
• When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and do
not get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your
pass, you need only slow down and drop back again
and wait for another opportunity.
• If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle,
wait your turn. But take care that someone is not
trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow
vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and
check the blind spot.
4-15
• Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
•
•
•
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you are being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can
ease a little to the right.
4-16
Loss of Control
Let us review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes,
steering and acceleration) do not have enough friction
where the tires meet the road to do what the driver
has asked.
In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much
speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose
cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much
throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If you have the Traction Control System, remember: It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid. If you do not have
this system, or if the system is off, then an acceleration
skid is also best handled by easing your foot off the
accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want
the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough,
your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material is on the road. For safety,
you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to
these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration
or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a
lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires
to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery
until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues — such as enough water, ice or packed snow
on the road to make a “mirrored surface” — and slow
down when you have any doubt.
If you have the anti-lock braking system, remember: It
helps avoid only the braking skid. If you do not have
anti-lock, then in a braking skid (where the wheels are
no longer rolling), release enough pressure on the
brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This restores
steering control. Push the brake pedal down steadily
when you have to stop suddenly. As long as the wheels
are rolling, you will have steering control.
4-17
Driving at Night
Here are some tips on night driving.
• Drive defensively.
• Do not drink and drive.
• Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlamps behind you.
• Since you can not see as well, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you
and other vehicles.
• Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
• In remote areas, watch for animals.
• If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving.
One reason is that some drivers are likely to be
impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision
problems, or by fatigue.
4-18
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.
But as we get older these differences increase.
A 50-year-old driver may require at least twice as much
light to see the same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your
night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your
eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you
are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They
may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also
make a lot of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust to the dark. When
you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid
staring directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep
your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from
night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and
are not even aware of it.
4-19
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy
rain can make it harder to see road signs and
traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road
and even people walking.
It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape
and keep your windshield washer tank filled with
washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on
the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road, you can not stop, accelerate or turn as well
because your tire-to-road traction is not as good as on
dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread
left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to
go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while
you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when
your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.
4-20
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems,
too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid
puddles. But if you can not, try to slow down before you
hit them.
{CAUTION:
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the
water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and
you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is
hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not
work as well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or it the pressure in
one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is
standing on the road. If you can see reflections
from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and
raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be
hydroplaning.
After driving through a large puddle of water
or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly
until your brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning.
The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-21
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep
puddles or standing water, water can come in
through your engine’s air intake and badly damage
your engine. Never drive through water that is
slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.
If you can not avoid deep puddles or standing water,
drive through them very slowly.
Driving Through Flowing Water
{CAUTION:
Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces.
If you try to drive through flowing water, as you
might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can
be carried away. As little as six inches of
flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle.
If this happens, you and other vehicle
occupants could drown. Do not ignore police
warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious
about trying to drive through flowing water.
4-22
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
• Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you
pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear
room ahead, and be prepared to have your
view restricted by road spray.
• Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires
on page 5-58.
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
• Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into
an unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
• Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross
most large cities. You will save time and energy.
See Freeway Driving on page 4-24.
• Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner is busy enough
to need it. When a light turns green, and just before
you start to move, check both ways for vehicles
that have not cleared the intersection or may
be running the red light.
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for
what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-23
Freeway Driving
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the
safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
4-24
The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the
same speed most of the other drivers are driving.
Too-fast or too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow.
Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check
traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with
the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the
prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your
mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.
Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in
your “blind” spot.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to
move slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the
proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do
not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are
going slower than you actually are.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
• Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
• Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
• Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
• Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
• Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
• Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you are not fresh — such as after
a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that
first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing
and shoes you can easily drive in.
along your route? Should you delay your trip a
short time to avoid a major storm system?
• Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you will find experienced and able service experts in
GM dealerships all across North America. They will be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
4-25
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is there actually such a condition as “highway
hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel?
Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the
wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy.
Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can
leave the road in less than a second, and you could
crash and be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
• Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
• Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to the sides. Check your mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
• If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest,
service or parking area and take a nap, get some
exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness
on the highway as an emergency.
4-26
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
{CAUTION:
• Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do all the work of slowing down. They could
get so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Always
have your engine running and your vehicle in
gear when you go downhill.
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
• Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of
the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go
down a steep or long hill.
{CAUTION:
If you do not shift down, your brakes could get
so hot that they would not work well. You
would then have poor braking or even none
going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down
to let your engine assist your brakes on a
steep downhill slope.
• Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to
•
•
•
a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn
of special problems. Examples are long grades,
passing or no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
4-27
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
• Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
• You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your vehicle.
4-28
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a
supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red
cloth and a couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if
you will be driving under severe conditions, include a
small bag of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of
burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you
properly secure these items in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet
the road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You
will have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to very
careful.
What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer
the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is
about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins
to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand
crews can get there.
Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow — drive with caution.
If you have traction control, keep the system on. It will
improve your ability to accelerate when driving on a
slippery road. But you can turn the traction system off if
your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud, ice or
snow. See If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow
on page 4-33. Even though your vehicle has a traction
system, you will want to slow down and adjust your
driving to the road conditions. See Traction Control
System (TCS) on page 4-10.
If you do not have a traction system, accelerate gently.
Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
4-29
Unless you have the anti-lock braking system, you will
want to brake very gently, too. (If you do have anti-lock,
see Braking on page 4-7. This system improves your
vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop on a
slippery road.) Whether you have the anti-lock braking
system or not, you will want to begin stopping sooner
than you would on dry pavement. Without anti-lock
brakes, if you feel your vehicle begin to slide, let up on
the brakes a little. Push the brake pedal down steadily
to get the most traction you can.
4-30
Remember, unless you have anti-lock, if you brake so
hard that your wheels stop rolling, you will just slide.
Brake so your wheels always keep rolling and you can
still steer.
• Whatever your braking system, allow greater
following distance on any slippery road.
• Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until
you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can not reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass
may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake
before you are on it. Try not to brake while you are
actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering
maneuvers.
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard
• Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
floor mats — anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with
your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near
help and you can hike through the snow. Here are
some things to do to summon help and keep yourself
and your passengers safe:
• Turn on your hazard flashers.
• Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you have been stopped by the snow.
4-31
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
{CAUTION:
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your
vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon
monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can not see it
or smell it, so you might not know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from around the
base of your vehicle, especially any that is
blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around
again from time to time to be sure snow does
not collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that is away from the wind. This will
help keep CO out.
4-32
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little
faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator
slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the battery charged. You will need a
well-charged battery to restart the vehicle, and possibly
for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the
heater run for a while.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeat this only when you feel really
uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as
possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help
keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do
some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until
help comes.
If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow
In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will
need to spin the wheels, but you don’t want to spin your
wheels too fast. The method known as “rocking” can
help you get out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
{CAUTION:
If you let your tires spin at high speed, they
can explode, and you or others could be
injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of the
vehicle can overheat. That could cause an
engine compartment fire or other damage.
When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little
as possible. Do not spin the wheels above
35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the
speedometer.
Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of
your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the
wheels too fast while shifting your transaxle back
and forth, you can destroy your transaxle. See
“Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out.”
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see Tire Chains on page 5-75.
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. If your vehicle
has traction control, you should turn your traction
control system off. See Traction Control System (TCS)
on page 4-10. Then shift back and forth between
REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels
as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal
when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning your
wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you
will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle.
If that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may
need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out,
see “Towing Your Vehicle” following.
4-33
Towing
Towing Your Vehicle
Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if
you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See
Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.
If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle
for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome),
see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.
Recreational Vehicle Towing
Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle
behind another vehicle – such as behind a motorhome.
The two most common types of recreational vehicle
towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle
with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly towing”
(towing your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and
two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).
4-34
With the proper preparation and equipment, many
vehicles can be towed in these ways. See “Dinghy
Towing” and “Dolly Towing,” following.
Here are some important things to consider before you
do recreational vehicle towing:
• What’s the towing capacity of the towing vehicle?
Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturer’s
recommendations.
• How far will you tow? Some vehicles have
restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.
• Do you have the proper towing equipment?
See your dealer or trailering professional for
additional advice and equipment recommendations.
• Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you
would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, you’ll
want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to be
towed. See Before Leaving on a Long Trip on
page 4-25.
Dinghy Towing
Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all of its
wheels on the ground. If you have a two-wheel-drive
vehicle, it can be towed with two of its wheels on
the ground. See “Dolly Towing” following. If you have an
all-wheel-drive vehicle, it cannot be towed with any of
its wheels on the ground. It can be towed with the
car carrier equipment.
Notice: Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground, or even with only two of
its wheels on the ground, will damage drivetrain
components. Do not tow an all-wheel-drive vehicle if
any of its wheels will be on the ground.
4. Clamp the steering wheel in a straight-ahead
position with a clamping device designed for towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, it cannot be
towed with any of its wheels on the ground. It can be
towed with car carrier equipment.
Notice: Towing an all-wheel-drive vehicle with all
four wheels on the ground, or even with only two of
its wheels on the ground, will damage drivetrain
components. Do not tow an all-wheel-drive vehicle if
any of its wheels will be on the ground.
Dolly Towing
If you have a two-wheel-drive vehicle, it can be towed
with two of its wheel on the ground. To dolly tow
your vehicle, do the following:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
2. Put the vehicle in PARK (P).
3. Set the parking brake and then remove the key.
4-35
Loading Your Vehicle
Tire and Loading Information Label
It is very important to know how much weight your
vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle
capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants,
cargo, and all nonfactory-installed options. Two labels
on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly
carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the
Certification/Tire label.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
4-36
A. Vehicle Capacity Weight
The Tire and Loading Information label is attached to
the center pillar, near the driver’s door latch. Vehicles
without a center pillar will have the Tire and Loading
Information label attached to the driver’s door edge.
This label lists the number of people that can be in your
vehicle and the total weight it can carry. This weight
is called the vehicle capacity weight.
The Tire and Loading Information label also tells you
the size and recommended inflation pressure for
the original equipment tires on your vehicle. For more
information on tires and inflation, see Tires on page 5-58
and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-66.
If your vehicle does not have the Tire and Loading
Information label, the Certification/Tire label shows the
tire size and recommended inflation pressures
needed to obtain the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
(GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for
the front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”
later in this section.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
1. Locate the statement “The combined weight of
occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX
pounds” on your vehicle placard.
4. The resulting figure equals the available amount of
cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the
“XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five
150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of
available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs.
(1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.).
5. Determine the combined weight of luggage and
cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight
may not safely exceed the available cargo
and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
6. If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from
your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual to determine how this reduces
the available cargo and luggage load capacity
for your vehicle.
2. Determine the combined weight of the driver and
passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
3. Subtract the combined weight of the driver and
passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
4-37
See Towing a Trailer on page 4-42 for important
information on towing a trailer, towing safety rules, and
trailering tips.
Example 2
Loading Your Vehicle
Example 1
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
A
Vehicle Capacity
Weight for Example 1 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 2 =
300 lbs (136 kg)
C
Available Occupant and
Cargo Weight =
700 lbs. (317 kg)
4-38
Item
Description
Total
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 2 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 150 lbs
(68 kg) × 5 =
750 lbs (340 kg)
C
Available Cargo
Weight =
250 lbs. (113 kg)
Total
Certification/Tire Label
Example 3
Loading Your Vehicle
Item
Description
A
Vehicle Capacity Weight
for Example 3 =
1,000 lbs
(453 kg)
Total
B
Subtract Occupant
Weight 200 lbs
(91 kg) × 5 =
1,000 lbs (453 kg)
C
Available Cargo
Weight =
0 lbs (0 kg)
Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information label
for specific information about your vehicle’s capacity
weight and seating positions. The combined weight of
the driver, passengers, and cargo should never
exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.
The Certification/Tire label is found on the rear edge of
the driver’s door.
The label shows the size of your original tires and the
inflation pressures needed to obtain the gross weight
capacity of your vehicle. This is called the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, and cargo.
4-39
The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum
weights for the front and rear axles, called the Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual loads
on your front and rear axles, you need to go to a
weigh station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can
help you with this. Be sure to spread out your load
equally on both sides of the centerline.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle or the GAWR
for either the front or rear axle.
{CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, and it can change the way your vehicle
handles. These could cause you to lose
control and crash. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause
damage. Repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.
4-40
If you put things inside your vehicle – like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anything else – they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn
quickly, or if there is a crash, they will keep going.
{CAUTION:
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or
in a crash.
• Put things in the cargo area of your
vehicle. Try to spread the weight evenly.
• Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them
are above the tops of the seats.
• Do not leave an unsecured child restraint
in your vehicle.
• When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
• Do not leave a seat folded down unless
you need to.
Automatic Level Control
On vehicles equipped with automatic level control, the
rear of the vehicle is automatically kept level as you load
or unload your vehicle. However, you should still not
exceed the GVWR or the GAWR. See Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
You may hear the compressor operating when you load
or unload your vehicle, and periodically as the system
self-adjusts. This is normal. The compressor should
operate for brief periods of time. If the sound continues
for an extended period of time, your vehicle needs
service.
Using heavier suspension components to get added
durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask your
dealer to help you load your vehicle the right away.
4-41
Towing a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and
drive properly, you can lose control when you
pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too
heavy, the brakes may not work well — or
even at all. You and your passengers could be
seriously injured. Pull a trailer only if you have
followed all the steps in this section. Ask your
dealer for advice and information about towing
a trailer with your vehicle.
Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage
your vehicle and result in costly repairs not covered
by your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, and see your dealer for
important information about towing a trailer with
your vehicle. Additional rear axle maintenance
is required for a vehicle used to tow a trailer. See
“Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
4-42
Your vehicle can tow a trailer. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you should
read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that
appears later in this section. But trailering is different
than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means
changes in handling, acceleration, braking, durability,
and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes
correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That is the reason for this section. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced to work harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engine
is required to operate at relatively higher speeds and
under greater loads, generating extra heat. The
trailer also adds considerably to wind resistance,
increasing the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
Weight of the Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
• There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live
but also where you will be driving. A good source
for this information can be state or provincial police.
• Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches” later in
this section.
• Do not tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles
(800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could be damaged.
• Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, do not drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)
and do not make starts at full throttle. This
helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle
wear in at the heavier loads.
• You can use THIRD (3) (or, as you need to, a lower
gear) when towing a trailer. Operating your vehicle
in THIRD (3) when towing a trailer will minimize
heat buildup and extend the life of your transaxle.
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
• Weight of the trailer
• Weight of the trailer tongue
• Weight on your vehicle’s tires
It should never weigh more than 1,400 lbs. (630 kg) with
up to five occupants in the vehicle or more than
2,000 lbs. (900 kg) with up to two occupants. If you
have the optional trailer towing package, your vehicle
can tow up to 2,900 lbs. (1 300 kg) with up to five
occupants or up to 3,500 lbs. (1 575 kg) with up to two
occupants. But even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull
a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend
on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information
or advice, or you can write us at:
Pontiac-GMC Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33172
Detroit, MI 48232-5172
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
4-43
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight
to measure because it affects the total or gross weight
of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)
includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you
may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in
the vehicle. If you have a lot of options, passengers, or
cargo in the vehicle, it will reduce the tongue weight
your vehicle can carry, which will also reduce the trailer
weight your vehicle can tow. And if you will tow a
trailer, you must add the tongue load to the GVW
because your vehicle will be carrying that weight, too.
See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36 for more
information about your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you are using a weight-carrying or a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent
to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B).
Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue weight
for your vehicle.
After you have loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they are not, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
4-44
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Safety Chains
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit
for cold tires. You will find these numbers on the
Certification/Tire Label at the rear edge of the driver’s
door, or see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
Then be sure you do not go over the GVW limit for your
vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue.
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from contacting
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow
the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig.
Never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
Hitches
It is important to have the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are
a few reasons why you will need the right hitch. Here
are some rules to follow:
• If you will be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will
weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg), be sure to
use a properly mounted, weight-carrying hitch and
sway control of the proper size. This equipment
is very important for proper vehicle loading
and good handling when you’re driving.
• Will you have to make any holes in the body of
your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
If you do, remember to seal the holes when you
remove the hitch. If you do not seal them, deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can
get into your vehicle. See Engine Exhaust
on page 2-29. Dirt and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg)
loaded, then it needs its own brakes – and they must be
adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakes so you will be able to install, adjust
and maintain them properly.
Because your vehicle may have anti-lock brakes, do not
try to tap into your vehicle’s brake system. If you do,
both brake systems will not work well, or at all.
4-45
Driving with a Trailer
{CAUTION:
If you have a rear-most window open and you
pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon
monoxide (CO) could come into your vehicle.
You can not see or smell CO. It can cause
unconsciousness or death. See Engine
Exhaust on page 2-29. To maximize your safety
when towing a trailer:
• Have your exhaust system inspected for
leaks, and make necessary repairs before
starting on your trip.
• Keep the rear-most windows closed.
• If exhaust does come into your vehicle
through a window in the rear or another
opening, drive with your front, main
heating or cooling system on and with the
fan on any speed. This will bring fresh,
outside air into your vehicle. Do not use
the climate control setting for maximum air
because it only recirculates the air inside
your vehicle. See Climate Control System
in the Index.
4-46
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out for the open road, you will want to
get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer.
And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and
attachments, safety chains, electrical connector, lamps,
tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric
brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then
apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer
brakes are still working.
Following Distance
Making Turns
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as
you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer.
This can help you avoid situations that require
heavy braking and sudden turns.
Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering
could cause the trailer to come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
Passing
When you are turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer will not strike
soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
You will need more passing distance up ahead when
you are towing a trailer. And, because you are a
good deal longer, you will need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can return to
your lane.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
Backing Up
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra
wiring.
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible,
have someone guide you.
The arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers
you are about to turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument
panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer
are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind
you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
4-47
Driving On Grades
Parking on Hills
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steep downgrade. If you do not shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
{CAUTION:
If you are towing a trailer that weighs more than
1,000 lbs. (450 kg), drive in THIRD (3) instead of
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D) (or, as you need to, a
lower gear). This will minimize heat build-up and extend
the life of your transaxle.
You really should not park your vehicle, with a
trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes
wrong, your rig could start to move. People
can be injured, and both your vehicle and the
trailer can be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, do the
following:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but do not shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your
parking brake, and then shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-48
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you do the following:
• Start your engine.
• Shift into a gear.
• Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store
the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you are
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid, engine oil, belts,
cooling system and brake system. Each of these is
covered in this manual, and the Index will help you find
them quickly. If you are trailering, it is a good idea to
review these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Trailer Wiring Harness
Your vehicle may have a trailer wiring harness located
at the rear of your vehicle. To use the trailer wiring
harness you need a converter kit. Contact your dealer
for more information.
4-49
✍ NOTES
4-50
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Service ............................................................5-3
Doing Your Own Service Work .........................5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle ...........................................5-4
Fuel ................................................................5-4
Gasoline Octane ............................................5-4
Gasoline Specifications ....................................5-5
California Fuel ...............................................5-5
Additives .......................................................5-6
Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................5-6
Filling Your Tank ............................................5-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container .......................5-9
Checking Things Under the Hood ....................5-10
Hood Release ..............................................5-11
Engine Compartment Overview .......................5-12
Engine Oil ...................................................5-13
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................5-18
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ..............................5-20
Engine Coolant .............................................5-22
Radiator Pressure Cap ..................................5-25
Engine Overheating .......................................5-25
Cooling System ............................................5-28
Power Steering Fluid .....................................5-35
Windshield Washer Fluid ................................5-36
Brakes ........................................................5-38
Battery ........................................................5-41
Jump Starting ...............................................5-42
All-Wheel Drive ..............................................5-48
Bulb Replacement ..........................................5-50
Halogen Bulbs ..............................................5-50
Headlamps ..................................................5-51
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps ..........................................5-53
Taillamps, Stoplamps and Back-up Lamps ........5-54
Replacement Bulbs .......................................5-55
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............5-56
Tires ..............................................................5-58
Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................5-66
Check Tire Pressure System ..........................5-67
Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................5-68
When It Is Time for New Tires .......................5-70
Buying New Tires .........................................5-71
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................5-72
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................5-73
Wheel Replacement ......................................5-74
5-1
Section 5
Service and Appearance Care
Tire Chains ..................................................5-75
Accessory Inflator .........................................5-76
If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................5-77
Changing a Flat Tire .....................................5-78
Compact Spare Tire ....................................5-102
Appearance Care ..........................................5-103
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle ...............5-103
Care of Safety Belts ....................................5-106
Weatherstrips .............................................5-106
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle .............5-106
Sheet Metal Damage ...................................5-108
Finish Damage ...........................................5-109
Underbody Maintenance ...............................5-109
Chemical Paint Spotting ...............................5-109
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ................5-110
5-2
Vehicle Identification .....................................5-111
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ................5-111
Service Parts Identification Label ...................5-111
Electrical System ..........................................5-112
Add-On Electrical Equipment .........................5-112
Headlamp Wiring ........................................5-112
Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................5-112
Power Windows and Other Power Options ......5-112
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ..........................5-113
Capacities and Specifications ........................5-118
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer
for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts
and GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you will
want to use the proper service manual. It tells you much
more about how to service your vehicle than this manual
can. To order the proper service manual, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-13.
We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to do your own service work, see Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-71.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See Maintenance Record on page 6-14.
{CAUTION:
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work on a
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
• Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
CAUTION:
(Continued)
5-3
CAUTION:
(Continued)
• Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind
noise and affect windshield washer performance. Check
with your dealer before adding equipment to the
outside of your vehicle.
5-4
Fuel
Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the
proper maintenance of your vehicle.
Gasoline Octane
Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane
of 87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may
get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this
occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as
soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage
your engine. A little pinging noise when you accelerate
or drive uphill is considered normal. This does not
indicate a problem exists or that a higher-octane fuel is
necessary. If you are using 87 octane or higher-octane
fuel and hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service.
Gasoline Specifications
California Fuel
It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications
which were developed by automobile manufacturers
around the world and contained in the World-Wide Fuel
Charter which is available from the Alliance of
Automobile Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org.
Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide
improved driveability and emission control system
performance compared to other gasoline.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (see the underhood emission control label), it
is designed to operate on fuels that meet California
specifications. If this fuel is not available in states
adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle
will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal
specifications, but emission control system performance
may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may
turn on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-39 )
and your vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this
occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused
by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered
by your warranty.
In Canada, look for the
“Auto Makers’ Choice”
label on the pump.
Canada Only
5-5
Additives
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming,
allowing your emission control system to work
properly. You should not have to add anything to your
fuel. However, some gasolines contain only the
minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency regulations. General
Motors recommends that you buy gasolines that
are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake
valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems due
to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of
gasoline.
Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and
ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in
your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors
recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if
they comply with the specifications described earlier.
Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing
methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel
system and also damage the plastic and rubber
parts. That damage would not be covered under
your warranty.
5-6
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions may contain an octane-enhancing additive
called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
(MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline
whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does
not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels
containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and
the performance of the emission control system may
be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on.
If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for
service.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard
to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel
not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly
repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not
be covered by your warranty.
To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact a major oil company that does business in the
country where you will be driving.
Filling Your Tank
The fuel cap is located on
the driver’s side of the
vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Fuel vapor burns violently and a fuel fire can
cause bad injuries. To help avoid injuries to
you and others, read and follow all the
instructions on the pump island. Turn off your
engine when you are refueling. Do not smoke
if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle.
Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials
away from fuel. Do not leave the fuel pump
unattended when refueling your vehicle — this
is against the law in some places. Keep
children away from the fuel pump; never let
children pump fuel.
5-7
While refueling, let the fuel
cap hang by the tether
as shown.
{CAUTION:
If you spill fuel and then something ignites it,
you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out
on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly. This
spray can happen if your tank is nearly full, and
is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel cap
slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop.
Then unscrew the cap all the way.
To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise). The fuel cap has spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
5-8
Be careful not to spill fuel. Don’t top off or overfill your
tank, and wait a few seconds after you’ve finished
pumping before you remove the nozzle. Clean fuel from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning
the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-106.
When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make
sure you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on
page 3-39.
{CAUTION:
If a fire starts while you are refueling, do not
remove the nozzle. Shut off the flow of fuel by
shutting off the pump or by notifying the
station attendant. Leave the area immediately.
The malfunction indicator lamp (SERVICE ENGINE
SOON or CHECK ENGINE light) will come on if the fuel
cap is not properly installed.
Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get
the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.
If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly.
This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to
light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions
system. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in the
Index.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
{CAUTION:
Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from
the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.
You can be badly burned and your vehicle
damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to
you and others:
• Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
• Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than the ground.
• Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
• Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.
5-9
Checking Things Under
the Hood
{CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start up
and injure you even when the engine is not
running. Keep hands, clothing and tools away
from any underhood electric fan.
5-10
{CAUTION:
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts
and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or
others could be burned. Be careful not to drop
or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
3. Lift the hood.
To open the hood, do the following:
4. Pull forward on the hood prop to release it from its
storage clip.
5. Put the end of the hood prop into the slot in the
underside of the hood.
Before closing the hood, be sure all filler caps are on
properly. To close the hood, do the following:
1. Lift the hood to relieve pressure on the hood prop.
2. Remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood.
3. Return the hood prop to its storage clip.
4. Let the hood down and close it firmly.
1. Pull the hood release handle, located under the
instrument panel on the driver’s side of the
vehicle.
2. At the front of the vehicle, pull up on the center of
the hood, and push the secondary hood release to
the right.
5-11
Engine Compartment Overview
When you lift the hood, you’ll see these items:
5-12
A. Underhood Fuse Block. See Fuses and Circuit
Breakers on page 5-113.
B. Remote Positive (+) Terminal. See Jump Starting on
page 5-42.
C. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power Steering
Fluid on page 5-35.
D. Automatic Transaxle Fluid Dipstick. See Automatic
Transaxle Fluid on page 5-20.
E. Brake Master Cylinder. See Brakes on page 5-38.
F. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Windshield
Washer Fluid on page 5-36.
G. Battery. See Battery on page 5-41.
H. Radiator Pressure Cap. See Radiator Pressure Cap
on page 5-25.
I. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
J. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.
K. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-18.
L. Coolant Recovery Tank. See Engine Coolant on
page 5-22.
Engine Oil
Checking Engine Oil
It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil
must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See
Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine oil dipstick.
Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil
dipstick might not show the actual level.
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
5-13
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the cross-hatched area at the tip
of the dipstick, then you will need to add at least one
quart of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section
explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil
crankcase capacity, see Capacities and Specifications
on page 5-118.
See Engine Compartment
Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the
engine oil fill cap.
Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has
so much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating
range, your engine could be damaged.
Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range in the cross-hatched area.
Push the dipstick all the way back in when you are
through.
5-14
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Look for two things:
• GM6094M
Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM
Standard GM6094M. You should look for and use
only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.
• SAE 5W-30
As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30 is best
for your vehicle. However, if it is going to be 0°F
(–18°C) or above and SAE 5W-30 is not available,
you may use SAE 10W-30.
These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity
oils such as SAE 20W-50.
5-15
Oils meeting these
requirements should also
have the starburst
symbol on the container.
This symbol indicates
that the oil has been
certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the
temperature falls below −20°F (−29°C), it is
recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE 0W-30 oil. Both will provide
easier cold starting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
Engine Oil Additives
You should look for this information on the oil container,
and use only those oils that are identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol
on the front of the oil container.
Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting
GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended
oil can result in engine damage not covered by
your warranty.
5-16
Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils
with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard
GM6094M are all you will need for good performance
and engine protection.
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System)
Your vehicle has a computer system that lets you know
when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on
engine revolutions and engine temperature, and not on
mileage. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at
which an oil change will be indicated can vary
considerably. For the oil life system to work properly, you
must reset the system every time the oil is changed.
When the system has calculated that oil life has been
diminished, it will indicate that an oil change is
necessary. A CHANGE ENGINE OIL message will
come on. Change your oil as soon as possible within
the next two times you stop for fuel. It is possible that, if
you are driving under the best conditions, the oil life
system may not indicate that an oil change is necessary
for over a year. However, your engine oil and filter
must be changed at least once a year and at this time
the system must be reset. Your dealer has GM-trained
service people who will perform this work using
genuine GM parts and reset the system. It is also
important to check your oil regularly and keep it at the
proper level.
If the system is ever reset accidentally, you must
change your oil at 3,000 miles (5 000 km) since your
last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system
whenever the oil is changed.
How to Reset the CHANGE ENGINE OIL
Message
The GM Oil Life System calculates when to change
your engine oil and filter based on vehicle use. Anytime
your oil is changed, reset the system so it can
calculate when the next oil change is required. If a
situation occurs where you change your oil prior to a
CHANGE ENGINE OIL message being turned on, reset
the system.
If your vehicle does not have the optional Driver
Information Center (DIC), do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ON, with the engine off.
2. Fully press and release the accelerator pedal slowly
three times within five seconds.
3. Turn the key to OFF.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message comes back
on when you start your vehicle, the engine oil life
system has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
If your vehicle has the optional DIC, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ON, with the engine off.
2. Press the MODE button until the DIC reads OIL
LIFE LEFT/HOLD SET TO RESET.
3. Press and hold the SET button until 100% is
displayed.
You will hear three chimes and the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message will go off.
4. Turn the key to OFF.
If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message comes back on
when you start your vehicle, the engine oil life system
has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
5-17
What to Do with Used Oil
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be
unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer.
Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean
your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good
hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or
rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s
warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.
See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for
the location of the engine air cleaner/filter.
Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the
filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in
the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into
streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by taking it
to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem
properly disposing of your used oil, ask your dealer, a
service station or a local recycling center for help.
5-18
When to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
Inspect the air cleaner/filter at every oil change and
replace it at the first oil change after 25,000 miles
(40 000 km). See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
for more information.
How to Inspect the Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter
To inspect the air cleaner/filter, remove the filter from
the vehicle and lightly shake the filter to release
loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt, a
new filter is required.
To inspect or replace the air cleaner/filter, do the
following:
6. Latch the hooks to secure the panel in place. If the
panel moves easily, check that the tabs are seated
correctly in the slots.
7. Put the duct back on and reinstall the clamps.
{CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter
off can cause you or others to be burned. The
air cleaner not only cleans the air, it helps to
stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is not
there and the engine backfires, you could be
burned. Do not drive with it off, and be
careful working on the engine with the air
cleaner/filter off.
1. Remove the two clamps on the duct.
2. Remove the duct.
3. Unlatch the two hooks on top of the engine air
cleaner/filter housing.
4. Remove and replace the engine air cleaner/filter.
5. Align the tabs located on the bottom of the
panel with the slots at the bottom of the housing.
Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can
cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can
easily get into your engine, which will damage it.
Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when
you’re driving.
5-19
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transaxle Fluid
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
• In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher
• In hilly or mountainous terrain
• When doing frequent trailer towing
• Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change the fluid and filter at 100,000 miles
(166 000 km). See Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
for more information.
How to Check Automatic Transaxle
Fluid
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at the dealership service
department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage the
transaxle. Too much can mean that some of the fluid
could come out and fall on hot engine or exhaust
system parts, starting a fire. Too little fluid could
cause the transaxle to overheat. Be sure to get an
accurate reading if you check the transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
• When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C)
• At high speed for quite a while
• In heavy traffic, especially in hot weather
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F
(10°C). If it is colder than 50°F (10°C), you may have to
drive longer.
5-20
Checking the Fluid Level
To prepare your vehicle, do the following:
1. Park your vehicle on a level place and keep the
engine running.
2. With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
3. With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position
the shift lever in PARK (P).
The dipstick handle is a bright red loop. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
4. Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
Then, without shutting off the engine, do the following:
The dipstick is located
toward the back of the
engine compartment, next
to the brake master
cylinder.
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read
the lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
5-21
How to Add Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
what kind of transaxle fluid to use. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add
only DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring the level into the cross-hatched area on the
dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It does not take much fluid, generally less than one
pint (0.5 L). Do not overfill.
Notice: We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON® -III, because fluid with that label is
made especially for your automatic transmission.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON® -III is
not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check Automatic
Transaxle Fluid”.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
5-22
The following explains your cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on
page 5-25.
A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® coolant will:
•
•
•
•
•
Give freezing protection down to −34°F (−37°C)
Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C)
Protect against rust and corrosion
Help keep the proper engine temperature
Let the warning messages and gages work as they
should
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
What Coolant to Use
Use a mixture of one-half clean, drinkable water and
one-half DEX-COOL® coolant which won’t damage
aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture,
your engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze
and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you don’t
have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim
to improve the system. These can be harmful.
5-23
Adding Coolant
Checking Coolant
The coolant recovery tank
is located on the driver’s
side of the vehicle,
above the engine air
cleaner/filter. See Engine
Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your
engine is cold, the coolant level should be at the FULL
COLD mark, or a little higher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be above the FULL COLD mark
or a little higher.
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL®
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank.
{CAUTION:
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam
and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you
badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will
almost never have to add coolant at the
radiator. Never turn the radiator pressure
cap — even a little — when the engine and
radiator are hot.
Add coolant mixture at the recovery tank, but be careful
not to spill it.
5-24
Engine Overheating
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator. For
information on how to add coolant to the radiator,
see Cooling System on page 5-28.
Radiator Pressure Cap
Notice: The radiator cap on your vehicle is a
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap line
up with the overflow tube on the radiator filler neck.
The radiator pressure cap is located at the front of the
engine compartment on the passenger’s side of the
vehicle. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for more information on location.
You will find an engine coolant temperature gage on
your vehicle’s instrument panel. See Engine Coolant
Temperature Gage on page 3-39. You also have
an engine coolant temperature warning message on
your instrument panel. See Engine Coolant Temperature
Warning Message on page 3-44.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
This emergency operating mode allows your vehicle to
be driven to a safe place in an emergency situation.
If an overheated engine condition exists, an overheat
protection mode which alternates firing groups of
cylinders helps prevent engine damage. In this mode,
you will notice a significant loss in power and engine
performance. The temperature gage will indicate
an overheat condition exists. Driving extended miles
(km) and/or towing a trailer in the overheat protection
mode should be avoided.
Notice: After driving in the overheated engine
protection operating mode, to avoid engine damage,
allow the engine to cool before attempting any
repair. The engine oil will be severely degraded.
Repair the cause of coolant loss, change the oil and
reset the oil life system. See “Engine Oil” in the
Index.
5-25
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
CAUTION:
(Continued)
coming from it. Just turn it off and get
everyone away from the vehicle until it cools
down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or
coolant before you open the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You
or others could be badly burned. Stop your
engine if it overheats, and get out of the
vehicle until the engine is cool.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index for information on driving
to a safe place in an emergency.
{CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay
away from the engine if you see or hear steam
CAUTION:
5-26
(Continued)
Notice: If your engine catches fire because you
keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can
be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index for
information on driving to a safe place in an
emergency.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your
Engine
If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear
no steam, the problem may not be too serious.
Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:
•
•
•
•
Climb a long hill on a hot day
Stop after high-speed driving
Idle for long periods in traffic
Tow a trailer
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for a minute or so:
1. If your air conditioner is on, turn it off.
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes.
If the warning does not come back on, you can drive
normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, idle the engine for three
minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the
warning, turn off the engine and get everyone out of the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” listed previously in
this section.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you are in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving – AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D).
5-27
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
{CAUTION:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood
can start up even when the engine is not
running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
do not do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle
should be parked on a level surface.
A. Radiator Pressure Cap
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
C. Coolant Recovery Tank
5-28
The coolant level should be at or above the FULL
COLD mark. If it is not, you may have a leak at the
pressure cap or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses,
radiator, water pump or somewhere else in the cooling
system.
{CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them. If
you do, you can be burned.
Notice: Engine damage from running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index for information on driving to a
safe place in an emergency.
Notice: Using coolant other than DEX-COOL® may
cause premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may
require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km)
or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs
would not be covered by your warranty. Always use
DEX-COOL®(silicate-free) coolant in your vehicle.
Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you
run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That
could cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the
vehicle.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check
to see if the electric engine cooling fans are running.
If the engine is overheating, both fans should be
running. If they are not, your vehicle needs service.
5-29
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you have not found a problem yet, but the coolant
level is not at or above the FULL COLD mark, add
a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and
DEX-COOL® engine coolant at the coolant recovery
tank. See Engine Coolant on page 5-22 for more
information.
Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack
the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
{CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system can be dangerous. Plain water, or
some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil
before the proper coolant mixture will. Your
vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the
proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the
wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot
but you would not get the overheat warning.
Your engine could catch fire and you or others
could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean,
drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.
5-30
{CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at or
above the FULL COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
{CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap — even a little — they can come
out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the
cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and
radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have
to turn the pressure cap.
5-31
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
Notice: Your engine has a specific radiator
fill procedure. Failure to follow this procedure could
cause your engine to overheat and be severely
damaged.
2. Then keep turning the pressure cap, but now push
down as you turn it. Remove the pressure cap.
{CAUTION:
1. You can remove the radiator pressure cap when
the cooling system, including the radiator pressure
cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.
Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise until
it first stops. Do not press down while turning the
pressure cap.
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss
means there is still some pressure left.
5-32
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.
Housing
Bypass Tube
3. After the engine cools, open the coolant air bleed
valves.
There are two bleed valves. One is located on the
thermostat housing. The other is located on the
thermostat bypass tube.
4. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOL® coolant
mixture, up to the base of the filler neck. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-22 for more information about the
proper coolant mixture.
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an air
bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close
the valves after the radiator is filled.
5. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
5-33
6. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
7. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOL® coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches
the base of the filler neck.
5-34
8. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure
the arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
Power Steering Fluid
9. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the FULL
COLD mark.
10. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank.
The power steering fluid reservoir is located to the right
of the windshield washer fluid reservoir, at the back
of the engine compartment.
5-35
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
What Power Steering Fluid to Use
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering fluid
unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired. See Engine Compartment Overview
on page 5-12 for reservoir location.
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks and damage hoses and seals.
How to Check Power Steering Fluid
To check the power steering fluid, do the following:
1. Turn the engine off and let the engine compartment
cool down.
2. Wipe the cap and the top of the reservoir clean,
and then unscrew the cap.
3. Wipe the dipstick with a clean rag, then remove the
cap again and look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
4. Replace the cap and completely tighten it.
When the engine compartment is hot, the level should
be at the H (hot) mark. When it is cold, the level
should be at the C (cold) mark. If the fluid is at the ADD
mark, you should add fluid.
5-36
Windshield Washer Fluid
What Washer Fluid to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will
be operating your vehicle in an area where the
temperature may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has
sufficient protection against freezing. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for reservoir
location.
Adding Washer Fluid
Open the cap with the
washer symbol on it. Add
washer fluid until the
tank is full.
• Fill your washer fluid tank only three-quarters
full when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion if freezing occurs, which could
damage the tank if it is completely full.
• Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
Notice:
• When using concentrated washer fluid, follow
the manufacturer’s instructions for adding
water.
• Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid.
Water can cause the solution to freeze and
damage your washer fluid tank and other parts
of the washer system. Also, water doesn’t
clean as well as washer fluid.
5-37
Brakes
Brake Fluid
should have your brake system fixed since a leak
means that sooner or later your brakes will not work
well, or will not work at all.
So, it is not a good idea to “top off” your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid will not correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you will have too
much fluid when you get new brake linings. You should
add (or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when
work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is filled with DOT-3
brake fluid. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for the location of the reservoir.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in
the reservoir might go down. The first is that the
brake fluid goes down to an acceptable level during
normal brake lining wear. When new linings are put in,
the fluid level goes back up. The other reason is
that fluid is leaking out of the brake system. If it is, you
5-38
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
the engine. The fluid will burn if the engine is
hot enough. You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
{CAUTION:
United States
Canada
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning
Light on page 3-36.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid. Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
only. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on
page 6-12.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help
keep dirt from entering the reservoir.
With the wrong kind of fluid in your brake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
Notice:
• Using the wrong fluid can badly damage brake
system parts. For example, just a few drops of
mineral-based oil, such as engine oil, in your
brake system can damage brake system parts so
badly that they will have to be replaced. Do not
let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid.
• If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s painted
surfaces, the paint finish can be damaged.
Be careful not to spill brake fluid on your vehicle.
If you do, wash it off immediately.
See Appearance Care on page 5-103.
5-39
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
are worn and new pads are needed. The sound
may come and go or be heard all the time your vehicle
is moving (except when you are pushing on the
brake pedal firmly).
Notice: Continuing to drive with worn-out brake
pads could result in costly brake repair.
Some driving conditions or climates may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied or lightly
applied. This does not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly tighten wheel nuts in
the proper sequence to GM torque specifications.
{CAUTION:
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
The brake wear warning sound means that
soon your brakes will not work well. That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
serviced.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increase in
pedal travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust for wear.
5-40
Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking system on a vehicle is complex. Its many
parts have to be of top quality and work well together if
the vehicle is to have really good braking. Your vehicle
was designed and tested with top-quality GM brake parts.
When you replace parts of your braking system — for
example, when your brake linings wear down and you
need new ones put in — be sure you get new approved
GM replacement parts. If you do not, your brakes may no
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
between your front and rear brakes can change — for the
worse. The braking performance you have come to
expect can change in many other ways if someone puts
in the wrong replacement brake parts.
If you are not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (−) cable
from the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Battery
Your new vehicle comes with a maintenance free
ACDelco® battery. When it is time for a new battery, get
one that has the replacement number shown on the
original battery’s label. We recommend an ACDelco®
battery. See Engine Compartment Overview on
page 5-12 for battery location.
Warning: Battery posts, terminals and related
accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after
handling.
{CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
are not careful. See Jump Starting on
page 5-42 for tips on working around a battery
without getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your
vehicle for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see Theft-Deterrent
Feature on page 3-116.
5-41
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to start your
vehicle. Be sure to follow the steps below to do it safely.
{CAUTION:
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
• They contain acid that can burn you.
• They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
• They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you do not follow these steps exactly, some
or all of these things can hurt you.
Notice: Ignoring these steps could result in costly
damage to your vehicle that wouldn’t be covered
by your warranty.
5-42
Trying to start your vehicle by pushing or pulling it
won’t work, and it could damage your vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
Notice: If the other vehicle’s system is not a 12-volt
system with a negative ground, both vehicles can
be damaged. Only use vehicles with 12-volt systems
with negative grounds to jump start your vehicle.
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump starting procedure. Put an automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) or a manual transaxle
in NEUTRAL before setting the parking brake.
Notice: If you leave your radio or other accessories
on during the jump starting procedure, they could
be damaged. The repairs would not be covered
by your warranty. Always turn off your radio and
other accessories when jump starting your vehicle.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or in the accessory power outlet(s). Turn
off the radios and all lamps that aren’t needed. This
will avoid sparks and help save both batteries.
And it could save your radio!
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. Find the
positive (+) and negative (−) terminals on each
vehicle.
You will not need to access your battery for jump
starting. Your vehicle has a remote positive (+) jump
starting terminal for that purpose. The terminal is
located under a tethered cap at the front of the
underhood fuse and relay center. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
Flip the cap up to access the remote positive (+)
terminal. You should always use the remote
positive (+) terminal instead of the positive (+)
terminal on the battery.
{CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
engine is not running and can injure you. Keep
hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
5-43
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing
this, and some have been blinded. Use a
flashlight if you need more light.
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts once the engine is running.
Be sure the battery has enough water. You do
not need to add water to the ACDelco® battery
installed in your new vehicle. But if a battery
has filler caps, be sure the right amount of
fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you do not, explosive gas could
be present.
5. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a
shock. The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some
basic things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) or to a remote positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one. Negative (−) will go to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal if the vehicle has one.
Don’t connect positive (+) to negative (−) or you’ll
get a short that would damage the battery and
maybe other parts too. And don’t connect the
negative (−) cable to the negative (−) terminal on
the dead battery because this can cause sparks.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn you.
Do not get it on you. If you accidentally get it
in your eyes or on your skin, flush the place
with water and get medical help immediately.
6. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the dead battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
5-44
7. Don’t let the other end
touch metal. Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
negative (−) cable to
the negative (−)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
negative (−) terminal
if the vehicle has one.
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other end of the negative (−) cable
doesn’t go to the dead battery. It goes to a heavy,
unpainted metal engine part or to a remote
negative (−) terminal on the vehicle with the dead
battery.
5-45
9. Connect the other end
of the negative (−)
cable at least 18 inches
(45 cm) away from
the dead battery, but
not near engine
parts that move. The
electrical connection is
just as good there,
and the chance
of sparks getting back
to the battery is
much less.
5-46
10. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for a while.
11. Try to start the vehicle that had the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries, it probably needs
service.
Notice: If the jumper cables are removed in the
wrong order, electrical shorting may occur and
damage the vehicle. The repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. Remove the jumper
cables in the correct order, making sure that the
cables do not touch each other or other metal.
To disconnect the jumper cables from both vehicles, do
the following:
1. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle that had the dead battery.
2. Disconnect the black negative (−) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
3. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the
vehicle with the good battery.
4. Disconnect the red positive (+) cable from the other
vehicle.
5. Return the remote positive (+) terminal cover to its
original position.
Jumper Cable Removal
A. Heavy, Unpainted Metal Engine Part or Remote
Negative (−) Terminal
B. Good Battery or Remote Positive (+) and Remote
Negative (−) Terminals
C. Dead Battery or Remote Positive (+) Terminal
5-47
All-Wheel Drive
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
If you have an all-wheel-drive vehicle, be sure to
perform the lubricant checks described in this section.
However, they have two additional systems that
need lubrication.
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
Transfer Case (Power Transfer Unit)
When to Check Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant. See Scheduled
Maintenance on page 6-4.
How to Check Lubricant
5-48
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-12.
Carrier Assembly-Differential
(Rear Drive Module)
When to Check and Change Lubricant
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine how
often to check the lubricant and when to change it. See
Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4.
How to Check Lubricant
If the level is below the bottom of the filler plug hole,
you’ll need to add some lubricant. Add enough lubricant
to raise the level to the bottom of the filler plug hole.
A fluid loss could indicate a problem; check and have it
repaired, if needed.
What to Use
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of lubricant to use. See Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-12.
To get an accurate reading, the vehicle should be on a
level surface.
5-49
Bulb Replacement
For the type of bulbs, see Replacement Bulbs on
page 5-55.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contact your dealer.
5-50
Halogen Bulbs
{CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside
and can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb.
You or others could be injured. Be sure to read
and follow the instructions on the bulb
package.
Headlamps
5. Remove the bulb
access cover.
1. Open the hood.
2. Push in on the
headlamp and lift up
the headlamp retaining
clip partway, but do
not remove.
6. Turn the bulb socket one-quarter of a turn
clockwise.
7. Pull the bulb assembly out from the lamp housing.
3. Unsnap the headlamp assembly by pulling it
forward, away from the vehicle.
4. Disconnect the electrical connector by pulling back
on the locking tab, located on the electrical
connector, to separate the two connectors.
5-51
11. Reinstall the bulb access cover making sure it is
in place.
12. Align the retaining clips on the back of the headlamp
with the rectangular holes in the mounting panel.
13. Push firmly on both ends of the headlamp to snap it
into position.
14. Push the retaining clip down to its original position.
8. Unhook the electrical connector by lifting up the
gray tabs and separate the connector from the
bulb base.
9. Install the new bulb into the electrical connector.
Push the bulb firmly enough so that the gray tabs
hook over the tab on the bulb.
10. Put the bulb assembly back into the lamp housing
and turn the bulb socket one-quarter of a turn
counterclockwise.
5-52
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove the two inboard screws attaching the lamp
to the fender bracket.
3. Unsnap the lamp assembly by lifting straight up.
4. Pull the lamp assembly away from the vehicle.
5. Unscrew the bulb socket from the lamp assembly by
pressing the tab while turning it counterclockwise.
6. Replace the bulb by pulling the old one out and
gently pushing the new one into the lamp socket.
7. Line up the tabs on the socket with the gaps in the
socket holes and screw the bulb socket back into
the lamp housing until a click is heard (the tab
popping back out).
8. To reinstall the lamp assembly, align the tapered
pin on the bottom of the lamp with the plastic
socket on the fender bracket. Push down until the
pin snaps into the socket.
9. Reinstall the two screws that were removed in
Step 2.
5-53
Taillamps, Stoplamps and Back-up
Lamps
A. Stop/Taillamps
B. Back-up Lamps
1. Open the liftgate and the tailgate.
2. Remove the two
screws from the
taillamp housing.
4. Unscrew the bulb socket from the lamp assembly
by pressing the tab while turning the bulb socket
counterclockwise.
3. Turn the lamp outboard, then pull the assembly
firmly rearward.
5-54
5. Replace the bulb by pulling the old one out and
gently pushing the new one into the bulb socket.
6. Line up the tabs on the bulb socket with the gaps in
the socket holes and screw the bulb socket back
into the lamp housing. You will hear a click.
7. To reinstall, align the pins on the back of the lamp
with the sockets on the outboard side of the lamp
opening.
8. Push forward until the pins snap into the socket.
9. Reinstall the screws removed in Step 2.
Replacement Bulbs
Lamp
Back-up Lamps (Bottom)
Headlamps High-beam
Headlamps Low-beam
Front Turn
Signal/Parking/Sidemarker Lamps
Stop/Taillamps (Top)
Bulb Number
3155K
9005
9006
3057
3057K
5-55
Windshield Wiper Blade
Replacement
Windshield wiper blades should be inspected at least
twice a year for wear or cracking. See “Wiper Blade
Check” under Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8
for more information.
Replacement blades come in different types and are
removed in different ways. For proper type and length,
see Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts on
page 6-13.
5-56
Here’s how to remove the wiper blades:
1. Turn the wipers on to the lowest intermittent setting.
2. Turn off the ignition while the wipers are at the
outer positions of the wipe pattern. The blades
are more accessible for removal/replacement while
in this position.
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm away from the
windshield or backglass.
4. While holding the wiper arm away from the glass,
push the release clip from under the blade.
5. Push the release clip, located at the connecting
point of the blade and the arm, in the up position.
Then, pull the blade assembly down toward
the glass to remove it from the wiper arm.
6. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper
arm until you hear the release clip “click” into
place.
5-57
Tires
CAUTION:
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service,
see your GM Warranty booklet for details. For additional
information refer to the tire manufacturer’s booklet
included with your vehicle’s Owner’s Manual.
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
• Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much
friction. You could have an air-out and a
serious accident. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
CAUTION:
5-58
• Underinflated tires pose the same danger
•
{CAUTION:
(Continued)
(Continued)
•
as overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be cut,
punctured or broken by a sudden
impact — such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents.
If your tread is badly worn, or if your tires
have been damaged, replace them.
Tire Sidewall Labeling
Useful information about a tire is molded into its
sidewall. The examples below show a typical passenger
car tire and a compact spare tire sidewall.
(A) Tire Size: The tire size code is a combination of
letters and numbers used to define a particular
tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction type and
service description. See the “Tire Size” illustration
later in this section for more detail.
(B) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to GM’s
specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(C) Department of Transportation (DOT): The
Department of Transportation (DOT) code indicates that
the tire is in compliance with the U.S. Department of
Transportation Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
(D) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The letters and
numbers following DOT code are the Tire Identification
Number (TIN). The TIN shows the manufacturer
and plant code, tire size, and date the tire was
manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both sides of the
tire, although only one side may have the date of
manufacture.
Passenger Car Tire Example
5-59
(E) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Uniform Tire Quality Grading (UTQG): Tire
manufacturers are required to grade tires based on three
performance factors: treadwear, traction and
temperature resistance. For more information see
Uniform Tire Quality Grading on page 5-72.
(G) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. For more information on
recommended tire pressure see Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-66 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
Compact Spare Tire Example
5-60
(A) Temporary Use Only: The compact spare tire or
temporary use tire has a tread life of approximately
3,000 miles (5 000 km) and should not be driven
at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h). The compact spare
tire is for emergency use when a regular road tire
has lost air and gone flat. See Compact Spare Tire on
page 5-102 and If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-77.
(E) Tire Inflation: The temporary use tire or compact
spare tire should be inflated to 60 psi (420 kPa).
For more information on tire pressure and inflation see
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-66.
(B) Tire Ply Material: The type of cord and number of
plies in the sidewall and under the tread.
(F) Tire Size: A combination of letters and numbers
define a tire’s width, height, aspect ratio, construction
type and service description. The letter “T” as the
first character in the tire size means the tire is for
temporary use only.
(C) Tire Identification Number (TIN): The Tire
Identification Number (TIN). The TIN shows the
manufacturer and plant code, tire size, and date the tire
was manufactured. The TIN is molded onto both
sides of the tire, although only one side may have the
date of manufacture.
(G) Tire Performance Criteria Specification
(TPC Spec): Original equipment tires designed to GM’s
specific tire performance criteria have a TPC
specification code molded onto the sidewall. GM’s TPC
specifications meet or exceed all federal safety
guidelines.
(D) Maximum Cold Inflation Load Limit: Maximum
load that can be carried and the maximum pressure
needed to support that load. See Compact Spare Tire
on page 5-102 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
5-61
Tire Size
The following illustration shows an example of a typical
passenger car tire size.
(B) Tire Width: The three-digit number indicates the
tire section width in millimeters from sidewall to sidewall.
(C) Aspect Ratio: A two-digit number that indicates
the tire height-to-width measurements. For example, if
the tire size aspect ratio is “70,” as shown in item “C” of
the illustration, it would mean that the tire’s sidewall is
70% as high as it is wide.
(D) Construction Code: A letter code is used to
indicate the type of ply construction in the tire. The letter
“R” means radial ply construction; the letter “D” means
diagonal or bias ply construction; and the letter “B”
means belted-bias ply construction.
(E) Rim Diameter: Diameter of the wheel in inches.
(A) P-Metric Tire: The United States version of a
metric tire sizing system. The letter “P” as the
first character in the tire size means a passenger
vehicle tire engineered to standards set by the U. S.
Tire and Rim Association.
5-62
(F) Service Description: These characters represent
the load range and the speed rating of a tire. The
load range represents the load carrying capacity a tire is
certified to carry. The load index can range from 1 to
279. The speed rating is the maximum speed a tire
is certified to carry a load. Speed ratings range
from “A” to “Z”.
Tire Terminology and Definitions
Air Pressure: The amount of air inside the tire pressing
outward on each square inch of the tire. Air pressure
is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) or
kilopascal (kPa).
Accessory Weight: This means the combined weight
of optional accessories. Some examples of optional
accessories are, automatic transmission, power steering,
power brakes, power windows, power seats, and air
conditioning.
Aspect Ratio: The relationship of a tire’s height to
its width.
Belt: A rubber coated layer of cords that is located
between the plies and the tread. Cords may be made
from steel or other reinforcing materials.
Bead: The tire bead contains steel wires wrapped by
steel cords that hold the tire onto the rim.
Bias Ply Tire: A pneumatic tire in which the plies are
laid at alternate angles substantially less than 90
degrees to the centerline of the tread.
Cold Inflation Pressure: The amount of air pressure in
a tire, measured in pounds per square inch (psi)
before a tire has built up heat from driving. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-66.
Curb Weight: This means the weight of a motor
vehicle with standard and optional equipment including
the maximum capacity of fuel, oil and coolant, but
without passengers and cargo.
DOT Markings: A code molded into the sidewall of a
tire signifying that the tire is in compliance with the U.S.
Department of Transportation motor vehicle safety
standards. The DOT code includes the Tire Identification
Number (TIN), an alphanumeric designator which can
also identify the tire manufacturer, production plant,
brand and date of production.
GVWR: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, see Loading
Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
GAWR FRT: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the front
axle, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
5-63
GAWR RR: Gross Axle Weight Rating for the rear axle,
see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
Intended Outboard Sidewall: The side of an
asymmetrical tire that must always face outward when
mounted on a vehicle.
Kilopascal (kPa): The metric unit for air pressure.
There are 6.9 kPa’s to one psi.
Light Truck (LT-Metric) Tire: A tire used on light duty
trucks and some multipurpose passenger vehicles.
Load Index: An assigned number ranging from
1 to 279 that corresponds to the load carrying capacity
of a tire.
Maximum Inflation Pressure: The maximum air
pressure to which a cold tire may be inflated. The
maximum air pressure is molded onto the sidewall.
Maximum Load Rating: The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.
Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb
weight; accessory weight; vehicle capacity weight;
and production options weight.
5-64
Normal Occupant Weight: The number of occupants a
vehicle is designed to seat multiplied by 150 pounds
(68 kg). See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
Occupant Distribution: Designated seating positions.
Outward Facing Sidewall: The side of a asymmetrical
tire that has a particular side that faces outward
when mounted on a vehicle. The side of the tire that
contains a whitewall, bears white lettering or bears
manufacturer, brand and or model name molding that is
higher or deeper than the same moldings on the
other sidewall of the tire.
Passenger (P-Metric) Tire: A tire used on passenger
cars and some light duty trucks and multipurpose
vehicles.
Recommended Inflation Pressure: Vehicle
manufacturer’s recommended tire inflation pressure and
shown on the tire placard. See Inflation - Tire Pressure
on page 5-66 and Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36.
Radial Ply tire: A pneumatic tire in which the ply cords
that extend to the beads are laid at 90 degrees to the
centerline of the tread.
Rim: A metal support for a tire and upon which the tire
beads are seated.
Sidewall: The portion of a tire between the tread and
the bead.
Speed Rating: An alphanumeric code assigned to a
tire indicating the maximum speed at which a tire
can operate.
Traction: The friction between the tire and the road
surface. The amount of grip provided.
Tread: The portion of a tire that comes into contact
with the road.
Treadwear Indicators: Narrow bands, sometimes
called “wear bars,” that show across the tread of a tire
when only 2/32 inch of tread remains. See When It
Is Time for New Tires on page 5-70.
UTQGS: Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards, a tire
information system that provides consumers with
ratings for a tire’s traction, temperature and treadwear.
Ratings are determined by tire manufacturers using
government testing procedures. The ratings are molded
into the sidewall of the tire. See Uniform Tire Quality
Grading on page 5-72.
Vehicle Capacity Weight: The number of designated
seating positions multiplied by 150 lbs. (68 kg) plus
the rated cargo load. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-36.
Vehicle Maximum Load on the Tire: Load on an
individual tire due to curb weight, accessory weight,
occupant weight and cargo weight.
Vehicle Placard: A label permanently attached to a
vehicle showing the original equipment tire size
and recommended inflation pressure. See Loading Your
Vehicle on page 4-36.
5-65
Inflation - Tire Pressure
When to Check
The tire and loading information label, shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km). See
Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-36, for the location
of your vehicle’s tire and loading information label.
Check your tires once a month or more.
Notice: Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation
or overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can get
the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy
If your tires have too much air (overinflation), you
can get the following:
•
•
•
•
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards
5-66
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated. Check
the tire’s inflation pressure when the tires are cold.
Cold means your vehicle has been sitting for at least
three hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
Remove the valve cap from the tire valve stem. Press
the tire gage firmly onto the valve to get a pressure
measurement. If the cold tire inflation pressure matches
the recommended pressure on the Tire and Loading
Information label, no further adjustment is necessary.
If the inflation pressure is low, add air until you reach the
recommended amount.
If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the
metal stem in the center of the tire valve. Recheck the
tire pressure with the tire gage.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
Check Tire Pressure System
Your vehicle may have a check tire pressure system
that can alert you to a large change in the pressure of
one tire. The system will not alert you before you
drive that a tire is low or flat. You must begin driving
before the system will work properly.
The TIRE PRESSURE LOW: CHECK TIRES message
will appear on the Driver Information Center (DIC)
and the LOW TIRE PRESSURE message will come on
the message center if pressure difference, or low
pressure, is detected in one tire. In the following
conditions, the LOW TIRE PRESSURE may not come
on even if the tire pressure is low, or it may come
on when the tire pressure is actually normal if:
• More than one tire is low.
• Only one tire is replaced with a new tire during
service.
• The vehicle is moving faster than 70 mph
(113 km/h).
•
•
•
•
•
The system is not yet calibrated.
The tire treadwear is uneven.
The compact spare tire is installed.
Tire chains are being used.
The vehicle is being driven on a rough or
frozen road.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light comes on,
the check tire pressure system may not be working
properly. See your dealer for service. Also, see
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 3-37.
The check tire pressure system detects differences
in tire rotation speeds that are caused by changes
in tire pressure. The system can alert you about a low
tire – but it does not replace normal tire maintenance.
See Tires on page 5-58.
When the TIRE PRESSURE LOW: CHECK TIRES
message appears on the Driver Information Center and
the LOW TIRE PRESSURE message comes on the
message center, you should stop as soon as you can
and check all your tires for damage. If a tire is flat, see
If a Tire Goes Flat on page 5-77. Also check the tire
pressure in all four tires as soon as you can. See
Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-66.
Any time you adjust a tire’s pressure or have one or more
tires repaired or replaced, you’ll need to reset, or
calibrate, the check tire pressure system. You will also
need to reset the system whenever you rotate the tires,
buy new tires and install or remove the compact spare.
Do not reset the check tire pressure system without first
correcting the cause of the problem and checking
and adjusting the pressure in all four tires. If you reset
the system when the tire pressures are incorrect,
the check tire pressure system will not work properly
and may not alert you when a tire is low or high.
5-67
To reset the system, do the following:
1. With the engine off, turn the ignition to ON.
2. Press the MODE button until the DIC reads TIRE
PRESSURE LOW: CHECK TIRES.
3. Press and hold the SET button until TIRE
PRESSURE NORMAL is displayed.
You will hear three chimes and the LOW TIRE
PRESSURE message will go off and the DIC will return
to TIRE PRESSURE NORMAL. If the LOW TIRE
PRESSURE message comes back on, the check tire
pressure system has not reset. Repeat the procedure.
The system completes the calibration process during
driving. The system learns the pressure at each
tire throughout the operating speed range of your
vehicle. The system normally takes between 30 and
60 minutes of driving to learn the tire pressures.
The system normally takes 10 to 20 minutes of driving
in each speed range to learn tire pressures. The
speed ranges are 20 to 40 mph (32 to 64 km/h), 40 to
60 mph (64 to 96 km/h), and above 60 mph (96 km/h).
This time may be longer depending on your individual
driving habits. The learning process does not need to be
completed during a single trip. Once learned, the
system will remember the tire pressures until the system
is reset.
5-68
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 5,000 to 8,000 miles
(8 000 to 13 000 km).
Any time you notice unusual wear, rotate your tires as
soon as possible and check wheel alignment. Also
check for damaged tires or wheels. See When It Is Time
for New Tires on page 5-70 and Wheel Replacement
on page 5-74 for more information.
Make sure the spare tire is stored securely. Push, pull,
and then try to rotate or turn the tire, If it moves,
use the folding wrench to tighten the cable. See “Storing
a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools” in Changing a Flat
Tire on page 5-78.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first rotation
is the most important. See Scheduled Maintenance
on page 6-4, for scheduled rotation intervals.
{CAUTION:
When rotating your tires, always use the correct rotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire in your tire rotation.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the
Certification/Tire label or the Tire and Loading
Information label.
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
places where the wheel attaches to the vehicle.
In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; but be sure to use a
scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off. See “Changing a Flat
Tire” in the Index.
Reset the check tire pressure system, if equipped. See
Check Tire Pressure System on page 5-67.
Make certain that all wheel nuts are properly tightened.
See “Wheel Nut Torque” under Capacities and
Specifications on page 5-118.
5-69
When It Is Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 1/16 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
• You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
• You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
• The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged
deep enough to show cord or fabric.
• The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
• The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or
location of the damage.
5-70
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the tire and loading information label. For an example
of this label and its location, see Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-36.
{CAUTION:
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
load range, traction, ride and other things during normal
service on your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season
tread design, the TPC number will be followed by
an “MS” (for mud and snow).
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes
or types (radial and bias-belted tires), the
vehicle may not handle properly, and you
could have a crash. Using tires of different
sizes may also cause damage to your vehicle.
Be sure to use the same size and type tires on
all wheels. It’s all right to drive with your
compact spare temporarily, it was developed
for use on your vehicle. See “Compact Spare
Tire” in the index.
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
{CAUTION:
If you use bias-ply tires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel
could fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only
radial-ply tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
5-71
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
Quality grades can be found where applicable on the
tire sidewall between tread shoulder and maximum
section width. For example:
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course.
For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and
a half (1.5) times as well on the government course as
a tire graded 100. The relative performance of tires
depends upon the actual conditions of their use,
however, and may depart significantly from the norm
due to variations in driving habits, service practices and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.)
The grades are molded on the sidewalls of most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type
snow tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires,
tires with nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches
(25 to 30 cm), or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
5-72
Traction – AA, A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A,
B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance. Warning: The traction grade
assigned to this tire is based on straight-ahead braking
traction tests, and does not include acceleration,
cornering, hydroplaning, or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature – A, B, C
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested
under controlled conditions on a specified indoor
laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can
cause the material of the tire to degenerate and
reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a
level of performance which all passenger car tires must
meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the
minimum required by law.
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are
not needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
5-73
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the
wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
If the wheel leaks air, replace it (except some
aluminum wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted
the same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new GM
original equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to
have the right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your vehicle.
{CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose
air and make you lose control. You could have
a collision in which you or others could be
injured. Always use the correct wheel, wheel
bolts and wheel nuts for replacement.
Notice: The wrong wheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper height,
vehicle ground clearance and tire or tire chain
clearance to the body and chassis.
See Changing a Flat Tire on page 5-78 for more
information.
5-74
Used Replacement Wheels
Tire Chains
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used
or how far it’s been driven. It could fail
suddenly and cause a crash. If you have to
replace a wheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
Don’t use tire chains. There’s not enough
clearance. Tire chains used on a vehicle
without the proper amount of clearance can
cause damage to the brakes, suspension or
other vehicle parts. The area damaged by the
tire chains could cause you to lose control of
your vehicle and you or others may be injured
in a crash. Use another type of traction device
only if its manufacturer recommends it for use
on your vehicle and tire size combination and
road conditions. Follow that manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust or remove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels. If you do find traction
devices that will fit, install them on the front
tires for front-wheel-drive vehicles. If your
vehicle has all-wheel drive, install traction
devices on either the front tires or all four
tires, but never on the rear tires only
5-75
Accessory Inflator
Your vehicle may have an accessory inflator. With it,
you can inflate things like air mattresses and
basketballs, and you can also use it to bring your tires
up to the proper pressure.
The accessory inflator is located in the rear
compartment on the driver’s side. To remove the cover,
pull the tab on the cover and pull it off.
This is the symbol on the
accessory inflator switch.
{CAUTION:
Inflating something too much can make it
explode, and you or others could be injured.
Be sure to read the inflator instructions, and
inflate any object only to its recommended
pressure.
To use your accessory inflator system, do the following:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or ON.
2. Attach the appropriate nozzle adapter, if required,
to the end of the hose that has the pressure gage.
3. Attach that end of the hose to the object you wish
to inflate.
4. Remove the protective cap covering the outlet.
5. Attach the other end of the hose to the outlet.
There may be an accessory inflator kit stored in the
glove box. It includes a 20-foot (6 m) hose with an air
pressure gage and nozzle adapters.
5-76
6. Press the accessory inflator switch. The light in the
switch will come on to show the system is working.
If the accessory inflator system does not turn on or the
light does not come on, the fuse may be blown or
installed incorrectly. See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on
page 5-113 or see your dealer for service.
Your accessory inflator will automatically shut off after
about 10 minutes. The light in the switch will blink. After
about one minute you can use the system again. Press
the inflator switch and the indicator light will come on.
Notice: If you run the accessory inflator longer than
30 minutes at a time, you could damage the
inflator. The repairs would not be covered by your
warranty. Run the inflator for short periods of
time only.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blowout” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
After running the accessory inflator for 30 minutes, wait
at least 10 minutes before restarting the accessory
inflator.
To turn off the inflator, do the following:
1. Press the switch and detach the hose, first from the
inflated object, then from the outlet.
2. Put the protective cap back on.
3. Place the inflator kit tools in the pouch, and store in
the glove box.
To put the cover back on, line up the tabs at the back of
the cover and put it in place. Push down the tab to
secure the cover.
5-77
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use
in a skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your
hazard warning flashers.
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Lifting a vehicle and getting under it to do
maintenance or repairs is dangerous without
the appropriate safety equipment and training.
The jack provided with your vehicle is
designed only for changing a flat tire. If it is
used for anything else, you or others could be
badly injured or killed if the vehicle slips off
the jack. Use the jack provided with your
vehicle only for changing a flat tire.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
5-78
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The
vehicle can slip off the jack and roll over you
or other people. You and they could be badly
injured. Find a level place to change your tire.
To help prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t
move, you can put blocks at the front and rear
of the tire farthest away from the one being
changed. That would be the tire on the other
side of the vehicle, at the opposite end.
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’ll need
is located in the storage
compartment at the rear of
the vehicle, on the
passenger’s side.
1. Remove the side convenience net.
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
2. Open the jack storage compartment by lifting up the
tab and pulling the cover off.
5-79
A. Jack
B. Wing Bolt
C. Jacking
Instructions
D. Folding
Wrench
3. Remove the jack and jacking tools by turning the
wing bolt counterclockwise. Slightly lift up the jack
from the bracket tab and then take it out of the
storage compartment.
4. Separate the jack and remove the folding wrench
from the jack.
5-80
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A), folding
wrench (B), extension tube (C), wing nut (D), and
J-Hook (E).
Removing the Spare Tire (Vehicles without
the Sliding Rear Convenience Tray)
The compact spare tire is located under the vehicle,
behind the rear bumper. Use the spare tire hoist to raise,
lower and store the compact spare. See Compact
Spare Tire on page 5-102 for more information about
the compact spare.
A.
B.
C.
1.
D.
Hoist Shaft
E.
Folding Wrench
F.
Hoist Assembly
Flip the rear cargo area
the hoist shaft.
Retainer
Spring
Compact Spare Tire
carpet cut out, to expose
2. Attach the folding wrench into the hoist shaft.
3. Turn the folding wrench counterclockwise to lower
the compact spare tire to the ground. Continue
turning the wrench until the spare tire can be pulled
out from under the vehicle.
4. To remove the spare tire from the cable, tilt the
retainer and slip it through the wheel opening.
5. After removing the spare tire, turn the wrench
clockwise to raise the cable back up.
Do not store a full-size or a flat road tire under the
vehicle. See “Storing a Flat (Vehicles without
the Sliding Rear Convenience Tray)” and “Storing a
Flat (Vehicles with the Sliding Rear Convenience
Tray)” later in this section.
To continue changing the flat tire see “Removing the
Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire” later in this
section.
5-81
3. Then loosen the cable by turning the wrench
counterclockwise three or four turns.
4. If the spare tire has not lowered, tighten the cable
all the way and then loosen it at least two times.
If the spare tire did lower to the ground, continue
with Step 4 under “Removing the Spare Tire
(Vehicles without the Sliding Rear Convenience
Tray)” earlier in this section.
5. If you still cannot lower the spare tire to the ground,
see “Secondary Latch System” later in this section.
Removing the Spare Tire (Vehicles with the
Sliding Rear Convenience Tray)
If the spare tire will not lower, the secondary latch may
be engaged causing the tire not to lower. Do the
following to check the cable:
1. Check under the vehicle to see if the cable is
visible.
2. If it’s not visible, see “Secondary Latch System”
later in this section.
If it is visible, first try to tighten the cable by turning
the folding wrench clockwise until you hear two
clicks or feel it skip twice. You cannot over-tighten
the cable.
5-82
The compact spare tire is located under the vehicle,
ahead of the rear bumper. Use the spare tire hoist
to raise, lower and store the compact spare. See
Compact Spare Tire on page 5-102 for more information
about the compact spare.
3. You will hear a click when the sliding rear tray is
locked into the extended position. This is where
the sliding rear tray needs to be in order to be able
to remove the compact spare tire.
4. Open the driver’s side storage compartment door of
the sliding rear tray.
5. Remove the cap on the bottom of the storage
compartment and flip the carpet cut out, to
expose the hoist shaft.
6. Remove the extension tube that is attached at the
front of the storage compartment.
E. Retainer
A. Sliding Rear
Convenience Tray
F. Compact Spare Tire
B. Storage
G. Spring
Compartment
H. Hoist Shaft
Cap Hole
Assembly
C. Folding Wrench
I. Hoist Shaft
D. Extension Tube
1. Push the release lever located in front of the handle
of the sliding rear tray to release the pin from the
floor track assembly.
7. Insert one end of the extension tube to the hoist
shaft and attach the folding wrench to the other
end of the extension tube.
8. Turn the folding wrench counterclockwise to lower
the spare tire to the ground. Continue turning the
wrench until the spare tire can be pulled out
from under the vehicle.
2. Pull the sliding rear tray toward you without
lifting it up.
5-83
9. To remove the compact spare tire from the cable,
tilt the retainer and slip it through the wheel
opening.
10. After removing the spare tire, turn the wrench
clockwise to raise the cable back up.
Do not store a full-size or a flat road tire under the
vehicle. See “Storing a Flat (Vehicles without
the Sliding Rear Convenience Tray)” and “Storing a
Flat (Vehicles with the Sliding Rear Convenience
Tray)” later in this section.
To continue changing the flat tire see “Removing the
Flat Tire and Installing the Spare Tire” later in this
section.
5-84
If the spare tire will not lower, the secondary latch may
be engaged causing the tire not to lower. Do the
following to check the cable:
1. Check under the vehicle to see if the cable is
visible.
2. If it’s not visible, see “Secondary Latch System”
following.
If it is visible, first try to tighten the cable by turning
the folding wrench clockwise until you hear two
clicks or feel it skip twice. You cannot over-tighten
the cable.
3. Then loosen the cable by turning the wrench
counterclockwise three or four turns.
4. If the spare tire has not lowered, tighten the cable
all the way and then loosen it at least two times.
If the spare tire did lower to the ground, continue
with Step 9 under “Removing the Spare Tire
(Vehicles without the Sliding Rear Convenience
Tray)” earlier in this section.
5. If you still cannot lower the spare tire to the ground,
see “Secondary Latch System” following.
Secondary Latch System
Your vehicle has an underbody mounted tire hoist
assembly equipped with a secondary latch system. It’s
designed to stop the compact spare tire from suddenly
falling off your vehicle if the cable holding the spare
tire is damaged. For the secondary latch to work, the tire
must be stowed with the valve stem pointing down.
See “Storing the Spare Tire and Tools” later in
this section for instructions on storing the compact
spare tire correctly.
{CAUTION:
Before beginning this procedure read all the
instructions. Failure to read and follow the
instructions could damage the hoist assembly
and you and others could get hurt. Read and
follow the instructions listed below.
5-85
Front-Wheel Drive
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch, do
the following:
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack. If the
spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind you or
on either side of you as you pull the jack out
from the spare.
If the cable is not visible, start this procedure at Step 2.
1. Turn the wrench counterclockwise until
approximately 6 inches (15 cm) of cable is exposed.
2. Attach the folding wrench to the jack and raise the
jack at least 10 turns.
3. Place the jack under the vehicle, ahead of the rear
bumper. Position the center lift point of the jack
under the center of the spare tire.
5-86
4. Turn the folding wrench clockwise to raise the jack
until it lifts the secondary latch spring.
5. Keep raising the jack until the spare tire stops
moving upward and is held firmly in place, this
lets you know that the secondary latch has released
and the spare tire is balancing on the jack.
6. Lower the jack by turning the folding wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack until
the spare tire slides off the jack.
5-87
All-Wheel Drive
To release the spare tire from the secondary latch, do
the following:
{CAUTION:
Someone standing too close during the
procedure could be injured by the jack. If the
spare tire does not slide off the jack
completely, make sure no one is behind you or
on either side of you as you pull the jack out
from the spare.
7. Disconnect the wrench from the jack and carefully
remove the jack. Use one hand to push against the
spare while firmly pulling the jack out from under
the spare tire with the other hand.
8. When the spare tire has been completely lowered,
tilt the retainer and slip it through the wheel
opening.
9. If the cable is hanging, turn the wrench clockwise to
raise the cable back up.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as you can.
You will not be able to store a spare tire using the
hoist assembly until it has been repaired or replaced.
5-88
If the cable is not visible, start this procedure at Step 2.
1. Turn the wrench counterclockwise until
approximately 6 inches (15 cm) of cable is exposed.
4. Turn the folding wrench clockwise to raise the jack
until it lifts the secondary latch spring.
2. Attach the folding wrench to the jack and raise the
jack at least 10 turns.
5. Keep raising the jack until the spare tire stops
moving upward and is held firmly in place, this
lets you know that the secondary latch has
released.
3. Place the jack under the vehicle, ahead of the rear
bumper. Position the center lift point of the jack
under the center of the spare tire.
5-89
6. Lower the jack by turning the folding wrench
counterclockwise. Keep lowering the jack until
the spare tire is resting on the folding wrench.
7. Grasp the spare tire with both hands and pull it out
from under the vehicle.
8. Reach under the vehicle and remove the folding
wrench and jack.
9. When the spare tire has been completely lowered,
tilt the retainer and slip it through the wheel
opening.
10. If the cable is hanging, turn the wrench clockwise to
raise the cable back up.
Have the hoist assembly inspected as soon as you can.
You will not be able to store a spare tire using the
hoist assembly until it has been repaired or replaced.
5-90
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire
1. If there is a wheel cover, loosen the plastic nut
caps with the wheel wrench. They won’t come
off. Then, using the flat end of the wheel wrench,
pry along the edge of the cover until it comes off.
Be careful; the edges may be sharp. Don’t try
to remove the cover with your bare hands.
If your vehicle has aluminum wheels, remove the
wheel nut caps using the wheel wrench.
2. Loosen the wheel
nuts – but do not
remove them – using
the folding wrench.
(Turn the handle about
180 degrees, then
flip the handle back to
the starting position.
This avoids taking
the wrench off the lug
nut for each turn.)
For wheels with a wheel lock key, use the wheel
lock key between the lock nut and folding wrench.
The key is supplied in the front passenger door
pocket.
Notice: If your vehicle has wheel locks and you use
an impact wrench to remove the wheel nuts, you
could damage the lock nut or wheel lock key. Do not
use an impact wrench to remove the wheel nuts if
your vehicle has wheel locks.
5-91
3. Near each wheel, there
is a notch in the
vehicle’s body. Position
the jack and raise
the jack head until it
fits firmly into the notch
in the vehicle’s frame
nearest the flat tire.
Notice: If you use a jack to raise the vehicle
without positioning it correctly, you could damage
your vehicle. When raising your vehicle on a
jack, avoid contact with the rear axle control arms.
Do not raise the vehicle yet. Put the compact spare
tire near you.
{CAUTION:
Getting under a vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get
under a vehicle when it is supported only
by a jack.
5-92
{CAUTION:
Raising your vehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage the vehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the
jack lift head into the proper location before
raising the vehicle.
4. Attach the folding
wrench to the jack, and
turn the wrench
clockwise to raise the
jack head 3 inches
(7.6 cm).
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the folding wrench
clockwise in the jack. Raise the vehicle far
enough off the ground so there is enough room for
the spare tire to fit under the wheel well.
6. Remove all the wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-93
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces
and spare wheel.
{CAUTION:
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you
change a wheel, remove any rust or dirt from
the places where the wheel attaches to the
vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth
or a paper towel to do this; but be sure to use
a scraper or wire brush later, if you need to, to
get all the rust or dirt off.
5-94
{CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If
you do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel
could fall off, causing a serious accident.
8. Install the spare tire and put the wheel nuts back on
with the rounded end of the nuts toward the wheel.
Tighten each nut by hand until the wheel is held
against the hub.
9. Lower the vehicle by attaching the folding wheel
wrench to the jack and turning the wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the jack completely.
5-95
10. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
Notice: Improperly tightened wheel nuts can lead
to brake pulsation and rotor damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
11. Don’t try to put a wheel cover on the compact spare
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover securely in
the rear of the vehicle until you have the flat
tire repaired or replaced.
Notice: Wheel covers will not fit on your compact
spare. If you try to put a wheel cover on the compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
{CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become
loose and even come off. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to use the correct wheel
nuts. If you have to replace them, be sure to
get new GM original equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench to 100
lb-ft (140 Y).
5-96
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools
{CAUTION:
{CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire, or other equipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision,
loose equipment could strike someone. Store
all these in the proper place.
The underbody-mounted spare tire needs to be
stored with the valve stem pointing down.
If the spare tire is stored with the valve stem
pointing upwards, its secondary latch won’t
work properly and the spare tire could loosen
and suddenly fall from your vehicle. If this
happened when your vehicle was being driven,
the tire might contact a person or another
vehicle, causing injury and, of course, damage
to itself as well. Be sure the
underbody-mounted spare tire is stored with
its valve stem pointing down.
5-97
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
1. Lay the compact spare tire on the ground at the
rear of the vehicle. Position the compact spare
tire so the valve stem is pointed down facing the
rear of the vehicle.
2. Lower the cable to the ground. See “Removing the
Spare Tire without the Sliding Rear Convenience
Tray” or “Removing the Spare Tire with the Sliding
Rear Convenience Tray” earlier in this section.
This will help when you check and maintain tire
pressure in the spare.
7. Raise the tire fully against the underside of the
vehicle. Continue turning the folding wrench until
you feel more than two clicks. This indicates that the
compact spare tire is secure and the cable is
tight. The spare tire hoist cannot be overtightened.
3. Tilt the retainer downward and slip it through the
center hole of the spare tire.
Make sure the retainer is fully seated across the
underside of the wheel.
4. Attach the folding wrench to the hoist shaft.
Use the extension tube if you have the sliding rear
convenience tray.
5. Turn the folding wrench clockwise to lift the
spare tire.
For all-wheel-drive vehicles, when the tire reaches
the stabilizer bar, move the tire over the bar,
then continue to turn the folding wrench clockwise
to lift the spare tire.
6. When the tire is almost in the stored position, turn
the tire so the valve stem is towards the rear of the
vehicle.
5-98
A. Push and Pull
B. Turn Tire
8. Make sure the tire is stored securely. Push, pull,
and then try to turn the tire. If the tire moves, use
the folding wrench to tighten the cable.
Storing the Flat Tire without the Sliding
Rear Convenience Tray
Put back all tools as they were stored in the jack
storage compartment and put the compartment cover
back on.
To put the cover back on, slip the tabs on the bottom of
the cover into the bottom of the cover opening. Push
the cover in place and push down the tab on the top of
the cover so that it rests in the groove. This secures
the cover in place.
When you replace the compact spare with a full-size
tire, reinstall the bolt-on wheel covers or the center cap,
which ever your vehicle has. Tighten them “hand
tight” over the wheel nuts, using the folding wrench.
A.
B.
C.
1.
D. Valve Stem
D-ring
E. Full-size Tire
Wing Nut
J-hook
Flip up the D-ring located in the rear cargo area.
2. Lay the tire in the rear cargo area of the vehicle with
the valve stem up with the center hole of the tire
over the D-ring.
For vehicles with aluminum wheels, remove the
center cap by tapping the back of the cap with the
folding wrench.
5-99
3. Remove the J-hook and the wing nut from the back
of the jack access door. Assemble the wing nut and
the J-hook.
Storing the Flat Tire with the Sliding Rear
Convenience Tray
4. Install the wing nut and the J-hook to the D-ring
through the center hole of the tire.
5. Tighten the wing nut to secure the tire to the floor.
Push and pull on the tire to make sure the tire is
secure and does not move.
6. Put back all tools as they were stored in the jack
storage compartment. Attach the wrench back to
the jack. Put the jack base on the bracket tab
and sit the jack properly between the two “ears” of
the bracket. Use the bolt to tighten the jack.
7. Put the compartment cover back on, slip the tabs on
the bottom of the cover into the bottom of the cover
opening. Push the cover in place and push down the
tab on the top of the cover so that it rests in the
groove. This secures the cover in place.
5-100
A. D-ring
B. Sliding Rear
Convenience Tray
C. Wing Nut
D. J-hook
E. Full-size Tire
F. Storage
Compartment
Cap Hole
1. Push the sliding rear tray forward to the stored
position.
2. Open the driver’s side storage compartment door of
the sliding rear tray.
3. Remove the rear cap on the bottom of the storage
compartment and flip the D-ring up.
4. Lay the tire on top of the driver’s side storage
compartment with the valve stem down. Make
sure you can see the D-ring through the center hole
of the tire.
5. Remove the J-hook and the wing nut from the back
of the jack access door. Assemble the wing nut and
the J-hook.
7. Tighten the wing nut to secure the tire to the floor.
8. Push and pull on the tire to make sure the tire
is secure and does not move.
9. Put back all tools as they were stored in the
storage compartment. Attach the wrench back to the
jack. Put the jack base on the bracket tab and sit
the jack properly between the two ears of the
bracket. Use the bolt to tighten the jack.
10. Put the compartment cover back on, slip the tabs on
the bottom of the cover into the bottom of the cover
opening. Push the cover in place and push down the
tab on the top of the cover so that it rests in the
groove. This secures the cover in place.
6. Install the wing nut and the J-hook to the D-ring
through the center hole of the tire.
5-101
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressure regularly. It should be
60 psi (420 kPa).
After installing the compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to 65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size
tire repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s
best to replace your spare with a full-size tire as
soon as you can. Your spare will last longer and be in
good shape in case you need it again.
Notice: When the compact spare is installed, don’t
take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
with guide rails. The compact spare can get caught
on the rails. That can damage the tire and wheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire or wheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare tire
and its wheel together.
5-102
Notice: Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using them can damage your vehicle and can
damage the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on
your compact spare.
All-Wheel Drive
After installing a compact spare tire on a vehicle with
all-wheel drive you will need to drive with light to
moderate acceleration, for 10 seconds, in a straight line.
This action will allow the vehicle to detect the compact
spare tire and disable the all-wheel drive system.
The AWD DISABLE message will come on the
instrument panel cluster indicating that the all-wheel
drive system is off. You may detect a slight pull during
this time, but this is normal.
Notice: You may damage your vehicle’s all-wheel
drive system if your vehicle is driven for an
extended period with a compact spare tire installed
and the all-wheel drive system in operation. See
“All-Wheel Drive System” and “AWD Disable
Warning Message” in the Index for more
information.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flames if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed
space. When you use anything from a container to clean
your vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s
warnings and instructions. And always open your doors
or windows when you are cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use any of these unless this manual says you
can. In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
•
•
•
•
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle
Benzene
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and
loose dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted
surfaces with a clean, damp cloth.
Naphtha
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet
Carbon Tetrachloride
Your dealer has cleaners for the cleaning of fabric
and carpet. They will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
Gasoline
Acetone
Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on
page 5-110.
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous — some more than
others — and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
5-103
Here are some cleaning tips:
• Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
• Clean up stains as soon as you can — before
they set.
• Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
• Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often. A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
• If a ring forms on fabric after spot cleaning, clean
the entire area immediately or it will set.
Using Cleaner on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any
loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine
and blood can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow the cleaning instructions
described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with a water and baking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
3. Follow the directions on the container label.
2. Clean with cool water and allow to dry completely.
4. Apply cleaner with a clean sponge. Do not saturate
the material and do not rub it roughly.
3. If a stain remains, follow the cleaner instructions
described earlier.
5. As soon as you have cleaned the section, use a
sponge to remove any excess cleaner.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, water-dampened
towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
5-104
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
• Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do this more than once.
• Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if
you do not get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and vinyl cleaner. See your dealer for this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, let
the leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
• For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner.
• Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
• Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the finish,
it can harm the leather.
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying reflections in the
windshield and even make it difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft cloth
or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner or a
liquid household glass cleaner will remove normal
tobacco smoke and dust films on interior glass. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-110.
Notice: If you use abrasive cleaners when cleaning
glass surfaces on your vehicle, you could scratch
the glass and/or cause damage to the rear window
defogger and the integrated radio antenna. When
cleaning the glass on your vehicle, use only a soft
cloth and glass cleaner.
5-105
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and dry.
{CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts. If you do, it
may severely weaken them. In a crash, they
might not be able to provide adequate
protection. Clean safety belts only with mild
soap and lukewarm water.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
application may be required. See Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
5-106
Cleaning the Outside of Your
Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Do not wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Use a car washing soap. Do not use strong soaps
or chemical detergents. Be sure to rinse the vehicle well,
removing all soap residue completely. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. See
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials on page 5-110.
Do not use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning agents
should be flushed promptly and not allowed to dry on the
surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish with a soft,
clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to avoid surface
scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses
Use only lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a car
washing soap to clean exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under “Washing Your Vehicle.”
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the
paint finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. See Vehicle Care/Appearance
Materials on page 5-110.
Your vehicle has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
non-abrasive and made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
Notice: Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on a basecoat/clearcoat paint finish may
damage it. Use only non-abrasive waxes and
polishes that are made for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish on your vehicle.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc.,
can damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as
possible. If necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that
are marked safe for painted surfaces to remove
foreign matter.
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a
period of years. You can help to keep the paint finish
looking new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with a full-strength
glass cleaning liquid. The windshield is clean if beads do
not form when you rinse it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by
wiping vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
5-107
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated
Wheels
Cleaning Tires
Your vehicle may be equipped with either aluminum or
chrome-plated wheels.
Notice: Using petroleum-based tire dressing
products on your vehicle may damage the paint
finish and/or tires. When applying a tire dressing,
always wipe off any overspray from all painted
surfaces on your vehicle.
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Do not use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners,
cleaners with acid, or abrasive cleaning brushes on
them because you could damage the surface. Do not
use chrome polish on aluminum wheels.
Use chrome polish only on chrome-plated wheels, but
avoid any painted surface of the wheel, and buff off
immediately after application.
Do not take your vehicle through an automatic car wash
that has silicone carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
5-108
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with tire cleaner.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
Original manufacturer replacement parts will provide the
corrosion protection while maintaining the warranty.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep scratches in the
finish should be repaired right away. Bare metal
will corrode quickly and may develop into major repair
expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ring-shaped discolorations,
and small, irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials avaliable from your dealer. Larger areas of
finish damage can be corrected in your dealer’s
body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, GM will
repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, corrosion and rust can develop on the
underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and debris can collect. Dirt packed in close areas of
the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can
do this for you.
5-109
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials
See your GM dealer for more information on purchasing
the following products.
Description
Polishing Cloth
Wax-Treated
Tar and Road Oil
Remover
Chrome Cleaner and
Polish
White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner
Vinyl Cleaner
Glass Cleaner
Chrome and Wire Wheel
Cleaner
Finish Enhancer
5-110
Usage
Interior and exterior
polishing cloth.
Removes tar, road oil and
asphalt.
Use on chrome or
stainless steel.
Removes soil and black
marks from whitewalls.
Cleans vinyl tops,
upholstery and
convertible tops.
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints.
Removes dirt and grime
from chrome wheels and
wire wheel covers.
Removes dust,
fingerprints, and surface
contaminants. Spray on
wipe off.
Description
Usage
Removes swirl marks, fine
Swirl Remover Polish
scratches and other light
surface contamination.
Removes light scratches
Cleaner Wax
and protects finish.
Cleans, shines and
Foaming Tire Shine Low
protects in one easy step,
Gloss
no wiping necessary.
Medium foaming
shampoo. Cleans and
Wash Wax Concentrate
lightly waxes.
Biodegradable and
phosphate free.
Quickly and easily
removes spots and stains
Spot Lifter
from carpets, vinyl and
cloth upholstery.
Odorless spray odor
Odor Eliminator
eliminator used on fabrics,
vinyl, leather and carpet.
See your General Motors parts department for these
products. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12.
Vehicle Identification
Service Parts Identification Label
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
You will find this label on the inside of the access panel
located on the driver’s side of the rear of the vehicle.
It is very helpful if you ever need to order parts.
On this label, you will find the following:
•
•
•
•
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on
the driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
VIN
Model designation
Paint information
A list of all production options and special
equipment
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
5-111
Electrical System
Add-On Electrical Equipment
Notice: Don’t add anything electrical to your
vehicle unless you check with your dealer first.
Some electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment can
keep other components from working as they
should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting
to add anything electrical to your vehicle, see
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-71.
Headlamp Wiring
The headlamp wiring is protected by different fuses
located in the underhood fuse block. An electrical
overload may cause the lamps to go off and remain that
way. If this happens, replace the right fuse with one
of the same kind and amperage.
5-112
Windshield Wiper Fuses
The windshield wiper motor is protected by an internal
circuit breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor
cools. If the overload is caused by some electrical
problem, be sure to get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power
Options
Circuit breakers in the floor console fuse block protect the
power windows and other power accessories. When the
current load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and
closes, protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links.
Floor Console Fuse Block
The floor console fuse
block is located to the right
of the shift lever.
Look at the silver-colored L-Band inside the fuse. If the
L-Band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem on the road and don’t have
a spare fuse, you can borrow one that has the same
amperage. Just pick a feature of your vehicle that
you can get along without – like the radio or cigarette
lighter – and use its fuse, if it is the right amperage.
Replace it as soon as you can.
There are two fuse blocks in your vehicle: the floor
console fuse block and the underhood fuse block.
The fuses marked spare are available if a replacement
fuse is needed.
Pull the door open to access the fuse block.
5-113
Fuse
11
12
13
14
15
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
5-114
Usage
Empty
Steering Wheel Radio Controls
Power Door Locks
Empty
Empty
Empty
Empty
Empty
Empty
Turn Signal and Hazard Lamp
Flashers
16
17
18
19
21
22
24
25
26
28
29
30
31
Usage
Power Seats
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Compressor
Liftgate and Endgate
Rear Auxiliary Power Outlet
Electronic Level Control (ELC)
Compressor Relay and Height
Sensor
Heated Mirrors
Power Mirrors
Ignition 1 Module
Turn Signal Switch
Rear Defogger
Air Bag Module
TCC Switch
Climate Control Blower Motor
Climate Control Mode and
Temperature Motors and Head-Up
Display
Empty
Windshield Wipers and Washer
Instrument Panel Cluster, Body
Control Module (BCM),
PASS-Key® III
Park Lock Ignition Key Solenoid
Fuse
32
34
35
42
43
44
Usage
Empty
Power Sunroof
Power Windows
Map Lamps, Courtesy Lamps and
Instrument Panel Lights
Radio
UQ3 Radio Amplifier
Head-Up Display
Hazard Flashers
Instrument Panel Cluster, Climate
Control, Security LED and Remote
Keyless Entry Module
PASS-Key® III
Accessory Diode
Body Control Module (BCM)
Relay
20
23
27
33
Usage
Rear Defogger Relay
Ignition Relay
Accessory Relay
Retained Accessory Power Relay
36
37
38
39
40
41
Underhood Fuse Block
This fuse block is located in the engine compartment on
the passenger’s side of the vehicle. See Engine
Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more
information on location.
The back-up lamp relay (A) is located to the left of the
underhood fuse block.
To remove the cover, press the two tabs in and lift up
the cover.
5-115
Fuse
9
10
Fuse
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
5-116
Usage
Fuel Pump
Air Conditioning Compressor Clutch
Horn
Engine Controls – Emissions and
Sensors
Power Control Module
(PCM) – Battery Power
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
Control Module
Transaxle Solenoids
11
13
14
15
17
18
19
20
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Usage
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
Solenoid Valves
Oxygen Sensors – Emissions
Control
Injectors
Engine Controls
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Passenger’s Low-Beam Headlamp
Driver’s Low-Beam Headlamp
Driver’s High-Beam Headlamp
Ignition Switch Battery Power
Parking Lamps – Front and Rear
Passenger’s High-Beam Headlamp
Vent Solenoid
DVD
Front Fog Lamps
Ignition Relay, Neutral Start Switch,
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
Body Control Module
(BCM) – Battery Power
S-Band
All-Wheel Drive (AWD) Module
Cruise Control
Fuse
32
33
35
36
39
40
41
42
45
47
48
70 §
Usage
Front Power Outlets/Lights, OnStar®
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock
Control System
Starter Solenoid Battery Fuse
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) Motor
Engine Cooling Fan
Engine Cooling Fan
Main Battery Fuse for Retained
Accessory Power Relay and
Accessory Relay
Main Battery Fuse for Heated
Seats, Air
Main Battery Fuse for Power
Outlets, Level Control, Power Seats
and Mirrors and Body computer
Main Battery Fuse for Climate
Control Blower and Ignition 3 Relay
Main Battery Fuse for Ignition
Switch, Radio, Heads-Up Display,
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE),
Instrument Cluster, Air Conditioning
and Body Computer
Diode for Air Conditioning
Compressor Clutch
Relay
A
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
Usage
Back-Up Lamps
Horn
Fuel Pump
Air Conditioning Clutch
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Low-Beam Headlamps
Parking Lamps
High-Beam Headlamps
Fog Lamps
Starter Relay
Cooling Fan
Ignition 1 Relay
Cooling Fan
Cooling Fan
5-117
Capacities and Specifications
The following approximate capacities are given in English and metric conversions. Refer to Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants on page 6-12 for more information.
Capacities
Application
Air Conditioning Refrigerant (R134a)
English
1.7 lbs.
Metric
0.8 kg
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement
Complete Overhaul
7.4 quarts
10.0 quarts
7.0 L
9.5 L
AWD Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement
Complete Overhaul
Cooling System with A/C
Engine Oil with Filter
Fuel Capacity
Rear Differential Fluid Capacity
Transfer Case Fluid Capacity
Wheel Nut Torque
8.7 quarts
10.8 quarts
8.3 L
10.3 L
9.6 quarts
4.0 quarts
18.0 gallons
2.1 quarts
0.6 pints
100 lb ft
9.1 L
3.8 L
68.1 L
1.9 L
290 ml
140 Y
5-118
Engine Specifications
Engine
VIN Code
Transaxle
Spark Plug Gap
V6
E
Automatic
0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
5-119
✍ NOTES
5-120
Section 6
Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Schedule ......................................6-2
Introduction ...................................................6-2
Maintenance Requirements ..............................6-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................6-2
Using Your Maintenance Schedule ....................6-3
Scheduled Maintenance ...................................6-4
Additional Required Services ............................6-6
Maintenance Footnotes ...................................6-7
Owner Checks and Services ............................6-8
At Each Fuel Fill ............................................6-8
At Least Once a Month ...................................6-9
At Least Once a Year .....................................6-9
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ...............6-12
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ..........6-13
Engine Drive Belt Routing ..............................6-13
Maintenance Record .....................................6-14
6-1
Maintenance Schedule
Introduction
Important: Keep engine oil at the proper level and
change as recommended.
Maintenance Requirements
Notice: Maintenance intervals, checks, inspections,
replacement parts and recommended fluids and
lubricants as prescribed in this manual are
necessary to keep your vehicle in good working
condition. Any damage caused by failure to follow
scheduled maintenance may not be covered by
warranty.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet or your dealer
for details.
6-2
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance is
important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level of
emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good condition,
be sure to maintain your vehicle properly.
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we do not know
exactly how you will drive it. You may drive very
short distances only a few times a week. Or you may
drive long distances all the time in very hot, dusty
weather. You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may need more
frequent checks and replacements. So please read
the following and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good condition,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
The services in Scheduled Maintenance on page 6-4
should be performed when indicated. See Additional
Required Services on page 6-6 and Maintenance
Footnotes on page 6-7 for further information.
{CAUTION:
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you
can be seriously injured. Do your own
maintenance work only if you have the
required know-how and the proper tools and
equipment for the job. If you have any doubt,
see your GM Goodwrench dealer to have a
qualified technician do the work.
• carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on the tire and
loading information label. See Loading Your Vehicle
on page 4-36.
• are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
• use the recommended fuel. See Gasoline Octane
on page 5-4.
Some maintenance services can be complex. So,
unless you are technically qualified and have the
necessary equipment, you should have your GM
Goodwrench dealer do these jobs.
When you go to your GM Goodwrench dealer for your
service needs, you will know that GM-trained and
supported service technicians will perform the work
using genuine GM parts.
If you want to get service information, see Service
Publications Ordering Information on page 7-13.
6-3
Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 tells you what
should be checked, when to check it and what you
can easily do to help keep your vehicle in good
condition.
The proper replacement parts, fluids and lubricants to
use are listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
on page 6-12 and Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts on page 6-13. When your vehicle is serviced,
make sure these are used. All parts should be replaced
and all necessary repairs done before you or anyone
else drives the vehicle. We recommend the use of
genuine GM parts.
Scheduled Maintenance
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message comes on, it
means that service is required for your vehicle. Have
your vehicle serviced as soon as possible within the next
600 miles (1 000 km). It is possible that, if you are
driving under the best conditions, the engine oil
life system may not indicate that vehicle service is
necessary for over a year. However, your engine oil and
filter must be changed at least once a year and at
this time the system must be reset. Your GM
Goodwrench dealer has GM-trained service technicians
who will perform this work using genuine GM parts
and reset the system.
6-4
If the engine oil life system is ever reset accidentally,
you must service your vehicle within 3,000 miles
(5 000 km) since your last service. Remember to reset
the oil life system whenever the oil is changed. See
Engine Oil on page 5-13 for information on the Engine
Oil Life System and resetting the system.
When the CHANGE ENGINE OIL message appears,
certain services, checks and inspections are required.
Required services are described in the following for
“Maintenance I ” and “Maintenance II.” Generally, it is
recommended that your first service be Maintenance I,
your second service be Maintenance II and that you
alternate Maintenance I and Maintenance II thereafter.
However, in some cases, Maintenance II may be
required more often.
Maintenance I — Use Maintenance I if the CHANGE
ENGINE OIL message comes on within ten months
since vehicle was purchased or Maintenance II
was performed.
Maintenance II — Use Maintenance II if the previous
service performed was Maintenance I. Always use
Maintenance II whenever the message comes on ten
months or more since the last service or if the message
has not come on at all for one year.
Service
Change engine oil and filter. Reset oil life system. See Engine Oil on
page 5-13. An Emission Control Service.
Visually check for any leaks or damage. See footnote (j).
Inspect engine air cleaner filter. If necessary, replace filter. See Engine Air
Cleaner/Filter on page 5-18. An Emission Control Service. See footnote †.
Rotate tires and check inflation pressures and wear. See Tires on page 5-58.
Inspect brake system. See footnote (a).
Check engine coolant and windshield washer fluid levels and add fluid as
needed.
Perform any needed additional services. See “Additional Required Services” in
this section.
Inspect suspension and steering components. See footnote (b).
Inspect engine cooling system. See footnote (c).
Inspect wiper blades. See footnote (d).
Inspect restraint system components. See footnote (e).
Lubricate body components. See footnote (f).
Check transaxle fluid level and add fluid as needed.
Inspect throttle system. See footnote (j).
Maintenance I
Maintenance II
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6-5
Additional Required Services
The following services should be performed at the first maintenance service (I or II) after the indicated miles
(kilometers) shown for each item.
Service
Inspect fuel system for damage
or leaks.
Inspect exhaust system for loose or
damaged components.
Replace engine air cleaner filter. See
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on
page 5-18. An Emission Control
Service.
Change automatic transaxle fluid
and filter (severe service). See
footnote (h).
Change automatic transaxle fluid
and filter (normal service).
Replace spark plugs and inspect
spark plug wires. An Emission
Control Service.
Engine cooling system service
(or every 5 years, whichever occurs
first). An Emission Control Service.
See footnote (i).
Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
6-6
25,000
(41 500)
50,000
(83 000)
75,000
(125 000)
100,000
(166 000)
125,000
(207 500)
150,000
(240 000)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Maintenance Footnotes
† The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to
the completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and the
maintenance be recorded.
(a) Visually inspect brake lines and hoses for proper
hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc. Inspect
disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Inspect other brake parts, including calipers,
parking brake, etc. Check parking brake adjustment.
(b) Visually inspect front and rear suspension and
steering system for damaged, loose or missing part or
signs of wear. Inspect power steering lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc.
(c) Visually inspect hoses and have them replaced if they
are cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
fittings and clamps; replace with genuine GM parts as
needed. To help ensure proper operation, a pressure test
of the cooling system and pressure cap and cleaning the
outside of the radiator and air conditioning condenser is
recommended at least once a year.
(d) Visually inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.
Replace blade inserts that appear worn or damaged
or that streak or miss areas of the windshield.
(e) Make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages
are working properly. Look for any other loose or
damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything
that might keep a safety belt system from doing its
job, have it repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts
replaced. Also look for any opened or broken air bag
coverings, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air
bag system does not need regular maintenance.)
(f) Lubricate all key lock cylinders, hood latch
assemblies, secondary latches, pivots, spring anchor
and release pawl, hood and door hinges, rear folding
seats and liftgate hinges. More frequent lubrication may
be required when exposed to a corrosive environment.
Applying silicone grease on weatherstrips with a
clean cloth will make them last longer, seal better and
not stick or squeak.
(g) Check system for interference or binding and for
damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as needed.
Replace any components that have high effort or
excessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator or cruise
control cables.
6-7
(h) Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the
vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these
conditions:
− In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.
− In hilly or mountainous terrain.
− When doing frequent trailer towing.
− Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery
service.
(i) Drain, flush and refill cooling system. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-22 for what to use. Inspect hoses.
Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and filler neck.
Pressure test the cooling system and pressure cap.
(j) A fluid loss in any vehicle system could indicate a
problem. Have the system inspected and repaired and
the fluid level checked. Add fluid if needed.
Owner Checks and Services
These owner checks and services should be performed
at the intervals specified to help ensure the safety,
dependability and emission control performance of your
vehicle. Your GM Goodwrench dealer can assist you
with these checks and services.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown
in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-12.
At Each Fuel Fill
It is important to perform these underhood checks at
each fuel fill.
Engine Oil Level Check
Check the engine oil level and add the proper oil if
necessary. See Engine Oil on page 5-13 for further
details.
Notice: It is important to check your oil regularly
and keep it at the proper level. Failure to keep your
engine oil at the proper level can cause damage
to your engine not covered by your warranty.
6-8
Engine Coolant Level Check
At Least Once a Year
Check the engine coolant level and add
DEX-COOL® coolant mixture if necessary. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-22 for further details.
Starter Switch Check
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level in the windshield
washer tank and add the proper fluid if necessary.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Visually inspect your tires and make sure tires are
inflated to the correct pressures. Don’t forget to check
your spare tire. See Tires on page 5-58 for further
details. Check to make sure the spare tire is stored
securely. Push, pull and then try to rotate or turn
the spare tire. If it moves, tighten it. See Changing a
Flat Tire on page 5-78.
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake and the regular
brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-25 if necessary.
Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be ready to
turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, contact
your GM Goodwrench dealer for service.
6-9
Automatic Transaxle Shift Lock Control
System Check
{CAUTION:
When you are doing this inspection, the
vehicle could move suddenly. If the vehicle
moves, you or others could be injured.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a level
surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake. See Parking Brake
on page 2-25 if necessary.
Be ready to apply the regular brake immediately if
the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out
of PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), contact your GM
Goodwrench dealer for service.
6-10
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
• The key should turn to LOCK only when the
shift lever is in PARK (P).
• The key should come out only in LOCK.
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle
Park (P) Mechanism Check
• To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding
ability: With the engine running, shift to PARK (P).
Then release the parking brake followed by the
regular brake.
{CAUTION:
Contact your GM Goodwrench dealer if service is
required.
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
sure there is room in front of your vehicle in
case it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the
regular brake at once should the vehicle begin
to move.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
• To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL
(N), slowly remove foot pressure from the regular
brake pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the
parking brake only.
6-11
Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
Fluids and lubricants identified below by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your
dealer.
Usage
Fluid/Lubricant
Engine oil which meets GM
Standard GM6094M and displays
the American Petroleum Institute
Certified for Gasoline Engines
Engine Oil
starburst symbol. To determine the
proper viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see Engine Oil on
page 5-13.
50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable
and use only
Engine Coolant water
DEX-COOL® Coolant. See Engine
Coolant on page 5-22.
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid or
System
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Windshield
GM Optikleen® Washer Solvent.
Washer Solvent
Power Steering Fluid
Power Steering GM
(GM Part No. U.S. 89021184, in
System
Canada 89021186).
Automatic
Transaxle
6-12
DEXRON®-III Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Usage
Key Lock
Cylinders
Carrier
Assembly —
Differential
(Rear Drive
Module) and
Transfer Case
(Power Transfer
Unit)
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and Release
Pawl
Hood and Door
Hinges, Rear
Folding Seat
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Fluid/Lubricant
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
VERSATRAK™ Fluid
(GM Part No. U.S. 12378514, in
Canada 88901045).
Lubriplate Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346293, in
Canada 992723) or lubricant
meeting requirements of NLGI #2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Multi-Purpose Lubricant, Superlube
(GM Part No. U.S. 12346241, in
Canada 10953474).
Dielectric Silicone Grease
(GM Part No. U.S. 12345579, in
Canada 992887).
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Part
Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Engine Oil Filter
Spark Plugs
Windshield Wiper Blades
Driver’s Side Length
Passenger’s Side Length
Type
GM® Part Number
25099149
25010792
12568387
ACDelco® Part Number
A1208C
PF47
41–101
24.0 inches (60.0 cm)
22.0 inches (55.0 cm)
Shepherd’s Hook
Engine Drive Belt Routing
6-13
Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the date, odometer reading, who performed the service and the
type of services performed in the boxes provided. See Maintenance Requirements on page 6-2 in this section.
Any additional information from Owner Checks and Services on page 6-8 can be added on the following record pages.
Also, you should retain all maintenance receipts.
Maintenance Record
Date
6-14
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
6-15
Maintenance Record (cont’d)
Date
6-16
Odometer
Reading
Serviced By
Maintenance I or
Maintenance II
Services Performed
Section 7
Customer Assistance Information
Customer Assistance Information ......................7-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ......................7-2
Online Owner Center ......................................7-4
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone
(TTY) Users ...............................................7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ............................7-4
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities ...........................................7-6
Roadside Assistance Program ..........................7-6
Courtesy Transportation ...................................7-8
Vehicle Data Collection and
Event Data Records ...................................7-10
Reporting Safety Defects ................................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government ..........................7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government ................................7-12
Reporting Safety Defects
to General Motors .....................................7-12
Service Publications Ordering Information .........7-13
7-1
Customer Assistance
Information
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to
your dealer and to Pontiac. Normally, any concerns with
the sales transaction or the operation of your vehicle
will be resolved by your dealer’s sales or service
departments. Sometimes, however, despite the best
intentions of all concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concern has not been resolved to your
satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE: Discuss your concern with a member of
dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or
the general manager.
7-2
STEP TWO: If after contacting a member of dealership
management, it appears your concern cannot be
resolved by the dealership without further help, contact
the Pontiac Customer Assistance Center by calling
1-800-762-2737. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
We encourage you to call the toll-free number in order to
give your inquiry prompt attention. Please have the
following information available to give the Customer
Assistance Representative:
• Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from
the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at the
top left of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
• Dealership name and location
• Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
When contacting Pontiac, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved at a dealer’s facility. That
is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
STEP THREE: Both General Motors and your dealer
are committed to making sure you are completely
satisfied with your new vehicle. However, if you continue
to remain unsatisfied after following the procedure
outlined in Steps One and Two, you should file with the
BBB Auto Line Program to enforce any additional
rights you may have. Canadian owners refer to your
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP).
The BBB Auto Line Program is an out of court program
administered by the Council of Better Business
Bureaus to settle automotive disputes regarding vehicle
repairs or the interpretation of the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty. Although you may be required to
resort to this informal dispute resolution program prior to
filing a court action, use of the program is free of
charge and your case will generally be heard within
40 days. If you do not agree with the decision given in
your case, you may reject it and proceed with any other
venue for relief available to you.
You may contact the BBB Auto Line Program using the
toll-free telephone number or write them at the
following address:
BBB Auto Line Program
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203-1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5100
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Eligibility is limited by vehicle age,
mileage and other factors. General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations and/or discontinue
its participation in this program.
7-3
Online Owner Center
The Owner Center is a resource for your GM ownership
needs. You can find your specific vehicle information
all in one place.
The Owner Center allows you to:
• Get e-mail service reminders.
• Access information about your specific vehicle,
including tips and videos and an electronic
version of this owner’s manual. (United States only)
• Keep track of your vehicle’s service history and
maintenance schedule.
• Find GM dealers for service nationwide.
• Receive special promotions and privileges only
available to members. (United States only)
Refer to the web for updated information.
To register your vehicle, visit www.MyGMLink.com.
(United States) or My GM Canada within
www.gmcanada.com (Canada).
7-4
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf, hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Pontiac has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Pontiac by dialing: 1-800-833-PONT (7668).
(TTY users in Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Customer Assistance Offices
Pontiac encourages customers to call the toll-free
number for assistance. If a U.S. customer wishes to
write to Pontiac, the letter should be addressed to
Pontiac’s Customer Assistance Center.
United States – Customer Assistance
Pontiac-GMC Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33172
Detroit, MI 48232-5172
1-800-762-2737 or
1-800-833-7668 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-ROADSIDE (762-3743)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From Puerto Rico:
1-800-496-9992 (English)
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
From U.S. Virgin Islands:
1-800-496-9994
Fax Number: 313-381-0022
Overseas – Customer Assistance
Please contact the local General Motors Business Unit.
Mexico, Central America and
Caribbean Islands/Countries (Except
Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands) –
Customer Assistance
General Motors de Mexico, S. de R.L. de C.V.
Customer Assistance Center
Paseo de la Reforma # 2740
Col. Lomas de Bezares
C.P. 11910, Mexico, D.F.
01-800-508-0000
Long Distance: 011-52-53 29 0 800
Canada – Customer Assistance
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
1-800-263-3777 (English)
1-800-263-7854 (French)
1-800-263-3830 (For Text Telephone
devices (TTYs))
Roadside Assistance: 1-800-268-6800
7-5
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities
This program, available to
qualified applicants, can
reimburse you up to $1,000
toward eligible aftermarket
driver or passenger
adaptive equipment you
may require for your vehicle
(hand controls, wheelchair/
scooter lifts, etc.).
This program can also provide you with free resource
information, such as area driver assessment centers and
mobility equipment installers. The offer is available for
a limited period of time from the date of vehicle
purchase/lease. For more details, or to determine your
vehicle’s eligibility, see your GM dealer or call the
GM Mobility Assistance Center at 1-800-323-9935.
Text telephone (TTY) users, call 1-800-833-9935.
GM of Canada also has a Mobility Program. Call
1-800-GM-DRIVE (463-7483) for details. All TTY users
call 1-800-263-3830.
7-6
Roadside Assistance Program
Security While You Travel
1-800-ROADSIDE (1-800-762-3743)
As the proud owner of a new Pontiac vehicle, you are
automatically enrolled in the Pontiac Roadside
Assistance program. This value-added service is
intended to provide you with peace of mind as you drive
in the city or travel the open road.
Pontiac’s Roadside Assistance toll-free number is
staffed by a team of technically trained advisors, who
are available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
We take anxiety out of uncertain situations by providing
minor repair information over the phone or making
arrangements to tow your vehicle to the nearest
Pontiac dealer.
We will provide the following services for
3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km), at no expense to you:
•
•
•
•
•
Fuel delivery
Lock-out service (identification required)
Tow to nearest dealership for warranty service
Change a flat tire
Jump starts
We have quick, easy access to telephone numbers
of the following additional services depending on
your needs:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hotels
Pontiac reserves the right to limit services or
reimbursement to an owner or driver when, in Pontiac’s
judgement, the claims become excessive in frequency
or type of occurrence.
Airports or train stations
While we hope you never have the occasion to use our
service, it is added security while traveling for you
and your family. Remember, we’re only a phone call
away. Pontiac Roadside Assistance: 1-800-ROADSIDE
or 1-800-762-3743, text telephone (TTY) users, call
1-888-889-2438.
Police, fire departments or hospitals
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Glass replacement
Tire repair facilities
Rental vehicle or taxis
In many instances, mechanical failures are covered
under Pontiac’s comprehensive warranty. However,
when other services are utilized, our advisors will explain
any payment obligations you might incur.
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
Warranty and Owner Assistance Information book.
For prompt and efficient assistance when calling, please
provide the following information to give the advisor:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Location of vehicle
Telephone number of your location
Vehicle model, year and color
Mileage of vehicle
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Vehicle license plate number
7-7
Courtesy Transportation
Transportation Options
Pontiac has always exemplified quality and value in its
offering of motor vehicles. To enhance your ownership
experience, we and our participating dealers are
proud to offer Courtesy Transportation, a customer
support program for new vehicles.
Warranty service can generally be completed while you
wait. However, if you are unable to wait Pontiac
helps minimize your inconvenience by providing several
transportation options. Depending on the circumstances,
your dealer can offer you one of the following:
The Courtesy Transportation program is offered to retail
purchase/lease customers in conjunction with the
Bumper-to-Bumper coverage provided by the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. Several transportation options
are available when warranty repairs are required. This will
reduce your inconvenience during warranty repairs.
Shuttle Service
Plan Ahead When Possible
When your vehicle requires warranty service, you
should contact your dealer and request an appointment.
By scheduling a service appointment and advising
your service consultant of your transportation needs,
your dealer can help minimize your inconvenience.
If your vehicle cannot be scheduled into the service
department immediately, keep driving it until it can be
scheduled for service, unless, of course, the problem is
safety-related. If it is, please call your dealership, let
them know this, and ask for instructions.
If the dealer requests that you simply drop the vehicle
off for service, you are urged to do so as early in
the work day as possible to allow for same day repair.
7-8
Participating dealers can provide you with shuttle
service to get you to your destination with minimal
interruption of your daily schedule. This includes a one
way or round trip shuttle ride to a destination up to
10 miles from the dealership.
Public Transportation or Fuel
Reimbursement
If your vehicle requires overnight warranty repairs,
reimbursement (five days maximum) may be available
for the use of public transportation such as taxi or
bus. In addition, should you arrange transportation
through a friend or relative, reimbursement for
reasonable fuel expenses (five day maximum) may be
available. Claim amounts should reflect actual costs and
be supported by original receipts.
Courtesy Rental Vehicle
Your dealer may arrange to provide you with a courtesy
rental vehicle or reimburse you for a rental vehicle
you obtained if your vehicle is kept for a warranty repair.
Reimbursement will be limited to a maximum of $30 a
day and must be supported by receipts. This requires
that you sign and complete a rental agreement and meet
state, local and rental vehicle provider requirements.
Requirements vary and may include minimum age
requirements, insurance coverage, credit card, etc. You
are responsible for fuel usage charges and may also
be responsible for taxes, levies, usage fees, excessive
mileage or rental usage beyond the completion of
the repair.
Generally it is not possible to provide a like-vehicle as a
courtesy rental.
Additional Program Information
Courtesy Transportation is available only at participating
dealers and all program options, such as shuttle
service, may not be available at every dealer. Please
contact your dealer for specific information about
availability. All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by appropriate dealer personnel.
Canadian Vehicles: For warranty repairs during
the Complete Vehicle Coverage period of the General
Motors of Canada New Vehicle Limited warranty,
alternative transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult
your dealer for details.
General Motors reserves the right to unilaterally modify,
change or discontinue Courtesy Transportation at
any time and to resolve all questions of claim eligibility
pursuant to terms and conditions described herein
at its sole discretion.
Courtesy Transportation is available during the
Bumper-to-Bumper warranty coverage period, but
it is not part of the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
A separate booklet entitled Warranty and Owner
Assistance Information furnished with each new vehicle
provides detailed warranty coverage information.
7-9
Vehicle Data Collection and Event
Data Records
Your vehicle, like other modern motor vehicles, has a
number of sophisticated computer systems that monitor
and control several aspects of the vehicle’s
performance. Your vehicle uses on-board vehicle
computers to monitor emission control components to
optimize fuel economy, to monitor conditions for
airbag deployment and, if so equipped, to provide
anti-lock braking and to help the driver control the
vehicle in difficult driving situations. Some information
may be stored during regular operations to facilitate
repair of detected malfunctions; other information
is stored only in a crash or near crash event by
computer systems commonly called event data
recorders (EDR).
In a crash or near crash event, computer systems, such
as the Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM)
in your vehicle may record information about the
condition of the vehicle and how it was operated, such
as engine speed, brake applications, throttle position,
vehicle speed, seat belt usage, airbag readiness, airbag
performance data, and the severity of a collision. This
information has been used to improve vehicle crash
performance and may be used to improve crash
performance of future vehicles and driving safety. Unlike
the data recorders on many airplanes, these on-board
systems do not record sounds, such as conversation of
vehicle occupants.
To read this information, special equipment is needed
and access to the vehicle or the SDM is required.
GM will not access information about a crash event or
share it with others other than
• with the consent of the vehicle owner or, if the
vehicle is leased, with the consent of the lessee,
• in response to an official request of police or similar
government office,
• as part of GM’s defense of litigation through the
discovery process, or
• as required by law.
7-10
In addition, once GM collects or receives data, GM may
• use the data for GM research needs,
• make it available for research where appropriate
confidentiality is to be maintained and need is
shown, or
• share summary data which is not tied to a specific
vehicle with non-GM organizations for research
purposes.
Others, such as law enforcement, may have access to
the special equipment that can read the information
if they have access to the vehicle or SDM.
If your vehicle is equipped with OnStar, please check
the OnStar subscription service agreement or manual for
information on its operations and data collection.
Reporting Safety Defects
Reporting Safety Defects to the
United States Government
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying
General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the hotline.
7-11
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to
General Motors
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in
a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify us.
Please call us at 1-800-762-2737, or write:
Transport Canada
330 Sparks Street
Tower C
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Pontiac-GMC Customer Assistance Center
P.O. Box 33172
Detroit, MI 48232-5172
In Canada, please call us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
7-12
Service Publications Ordering
Information
Service Manuals
Service Manuals have the diagnosis and repair
information on engines, transmission, axle, suspension,
brakes, electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $120.00
Service Bulletins
Service Bulletins give technical service information
needed to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks. Each bulletin contains instructions to
assist in the diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins can be obtained by contacting your General
Motors dealer or by calling 1-800-GM-DRIVE
(1-800-463-7483).
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer
Case Unit Repair Manual
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustments, and specifications for GM
transmissions, transaxles, and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $50.00
7-13
Owner’s Information
Owner publications are written specifically for owners
and intended to provide basic operational information
about the vehicle. The owner’s manual will include
the Maintenance Schedule for all models.
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio, Owner’s Manual, and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $35.00
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $25.00
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-551-4123
Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only
(VISA-MasterCard-Discover), visit Helm, Inc.
on the World Wide Web at: www.helminc.com
Or you can write to:
Helm, Incorporated
P. O. Box 07130
Detroit, MI 48207
Current and Past Model Order Forms
Prices are subject to change without notice and without
incurring obligation. Allow ample time for delivery.
Service Publications are available for current and
past model GM vehicles. To request an order form,
please specify year and model name of the vehicle.
Note to Canadian Customers: All listed prices are
quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents are to make
checks payable in U.S. funds.
7-14
A
About Driving Your Vehicle ................................. 0-2
Accessory Inflator ........................................... 5-76
Accessory Power Outlets ................................. 3-22
Adding Washer Fluid ....................................... 5-37
Additional Program Information ........................... 7-9
Additives, Fuel ................................................. 5-6
Add-On Electrical Equipment ........................... 5-112
Adjusting the Speakers
(Balance/Fade) ............................ 3-68, 3-78, 3-92
Air Bag
Readiness Light .......................................... 3-35
Air Bag Systems ............................................. 1-61
How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .................... 1-68
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle ......... 1-71
What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .................... 1-68
What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? .. 1-69
When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ................... 1-67
Where Are the Air Bags? .............................. 1-64
Air Cleaner/Filter, Engine ................................. 5-18
Airbag Sensing and Diagnostic Module (SDM) .... 7-10
All-Wheel Drive ..................................... 5-48, 5-102
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning Message .......... 3-49
All-Wheel-Drive (AWD) System ......................... 4-12
AM ............................................................. 3-118
Antenna, Integrated Windshield ....................... 3-119
Antenna, XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ... 3-119
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ............................ 4-8
Anti-Lock Brake, System Warning Light .............. 3-37
Appearance Care .......................................... 5-103
Care of Safety Belts ................................... 5-106
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................. 5-109
Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .............. 5-103
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ............ 5-106
Finish Damage .......................................... 5-109
Sheet Metal Damage .................................. 5-108
Underbody Maintenance ............................. 5-109
Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ............... 5-110
Weatherstrips ............................................ 5-106
Arming with the Power Lock Switch ................... 2-15
Arming with the Remote Keyless Entry
Transmitter ................................................. 2-15
Ashtrays ........................................................ 3-23
Audio Speakers ............................................ 3-104
Audio System(s) ............................................. 3-64
Audio Steering Wheel Controls .................... 3-117
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-118
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-118
Integrated Windshield Antenna ..................... 3-119
Radio with CD .................................... 3-65, 3-75
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-89
Rear Audio Controller (RAC) ........................ 3-116
Setting the Time .......................................... 3-64
Theft-Deterrent Feature ............................... 3-116
Understanding Radio Reception ................... 3-118
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System ........... 3-119
Auto Door Lock/Unlock .................................... 3-60
1
Automatic Headlamp System ............................
Automatic Level Control ...................................
Automatic Transaxle
Fluid ..........................................................
Operation ...................................................
3-15
4-41
5-20
2-22
Bulb Replacement (cont.)
Headlamps .................................................
Replacement Bulbs ......................................
Taillamps, Stoplamps and Back-Up Lamps ......
Buying New Tires ...........................................
5-51
5-55
5-54
5-71
B
C
Backing Up .................................................... 4-47
Battery .......................................................... 5-41
Battery Replacement ......................................... 2-6
Battery Run-Down Protection ............................ 3-19
Before Leaving on a Long Trip ......................... 4-25
Before You Drive ........................................... 3-103
Bench Seat, Split ............................................. 1-6
Brake
Low Fluid Warning Message ......................... 3-50
Parking ...................................................... 2-25
System Warning Light .................................. 3-36
Brake Fluid .................................................... 5-38
Brake Wear ................................................... 5-40
Brakes .......................................................... 5-38
Braking ........................................................... 4-7
Braking in Emergencies ................................... 4-10
Break-In, New Vehicle ..................................... 2-18
Bulb Replacement ........................................... 5-50
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and Parking
Lamps .................................................... 5-53
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-50
California Fuel .................................................. 5-5
Canada – Customer Assistance .......................... 7-5
Canadian Owners ................................................ ii
Canadian Roadside Assistance ........................... 7-7
Canceling the Rear Door Security Locks ............ 2-10
Capacities and Specifications .......................... 5-118
Carbon Monoxide ........................... 4-28, 2-10, 2-29
Care of
Safety Belts .............................................. 5-106
Your CD and DVD Player ........................... 3-118
Your CDs and DVDs .................................. 3-118
Cargo Cover .................................................. 2-42
Cargo Lamp ................................................... 3-19
Cargo Net System .......................................... 2-42
Carrier Assembly-Differential
(Rear Drive Module) .................................... 5-49
CD Messages ............................... 3-74, 3-89, 3-102
Center Rear Passenger Position, Safety Belts ..... 1-32
Chains, Tires .................................................. 5-75
Change Engine Oil Message ............................ 3-46
Charging System Indicator Message .................. 3-45
2
Check
Engine Light ............................................... 3-39
Tire Pressure System ................................... 5-67
Checking Coolant ............................................ 5-24
Checking Engine Oil ........................................ 5-13
Checking Things Under the Hood ...................... 5-10
Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................... 1-71
Chemical Paint Spotting ................................. 5-109
Child Restraints
Child Restraint Systems ............................... 1-45
Infants and Young Children ........................... 1-41
Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for
Children (LATCH System) .......................... 1-52
Older Children ............................................. 1-39
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System .............................. 1-54
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Center Rear Seat Position ......................... 1-56
Securing a Child Restraint in a
Rear Outside Seat Position ........................ 1-54
Securing a Child Restraint in the
Right Front Seat Position .......................... 1-59
Top Strap ................................................... 1-49
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................ 1-50
Where to Put the Restraint ........................... 1-48
Cigarette Lighter ............................................. 3-23
Cleaning
Inside of Your Vehicle ................................. 5-103
Outside of Your Vehicle .............................. 5-106
Cleaning (cont.)
Underbody Maintenance ............................. 5-109
Video Screen ............................................ 3-119
Weatherstrips ............................................ 5-106
Your DVD Player ....................................... 3-119
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome-Plated Wheels ..... 5-108
Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses ...................... 5-107
Cleaning Fabric/Carpet ................................... 5-103
Cleaning Glass Surfaces ................................ 5-105
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components ............... 5-105
Cleaning Leather ........................................... 5-105
Cleaning the Top of the Instrument Panel ......... 5-105
Cleaning Tires .............................................. 5-108
Cleaning Vinyl .............................................. 5-105
Cleaning Windshield and Wiper Blades ............ 5-107
Climate Control System ................................... 3-24
Dual .......................................................... 3-27
Outlet Adjustment ........................................ 3-30
Compact Spare Tire ...................................... 5-102
Compass Variance .......................................... 3-53
Console/Cooler ............................................... 2-36
Content Theft-Deferrent .................................... 2-14
Control of a Vehicle .......................................... 4-7
Convenience Net ............................................ 2-41
Convenience Tray, Sliding Rear ........................ 2-43
Coolant
Engine Temperature Gage ............................ 3-39
Engine Temperature Warning Message ........... 3-44
Heater, Engine ............................................ 2-21
3
Cooling System .............................................. 5-28
Cruise Control ................................................ 3-10
Cupholder(s) .................................................. 2-34
Current and Past Model Order Forms ................ 7-14
Customer Assistance Information
Courtesy Transportation .................................. 7-8
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users ............................... 7-4
Customer Assistance Offices ........................... 7-4
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ..................... 7-2
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities .......................................... 7-6
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors .... 7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to
the Canadian Government ......................... 7-12
Reporting Safety Defects to
the United States Government ................... 7-11
Roadside Assistance Program ......................... 7-6
Service Publications Ordering Information ........ 7-13
D
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) ......................... 3-14
Defensive Driving ............................................. 4-3
Defogging and Defrosting ......................... 3-26, 3-29
Delayed Lighting ............................................. 3-17
Delayed Locking ....................................... 2-8, 3-61
Dinghy Towing ................................................ 4-35
4
Disarming with the Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter ......................................... 2-15
Disarming with Your Key .................................. 2-15
Doing Your Own Service Work ........................... 5-3
Dolly Towing .................................................. 4-35
Door
Ajar Warning Message ................................. 3-47
Delayed Locking ........................................... 2-8
Locks .......................................................... 2-7
Power Door Locks ......................................... 2-8
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............... 2-9
Rear Door Security Locks ............................... 2-9
Driver
Position, Safety Belt ..................................... 1-18
Driver Behavior ................................................ 4-2
Driver Information Center (DIC) ......................... 3-53
DIC Controls and Displays ............................ 3-55
DIC Vehicle Personalization .......................... 3-57
Driving
At Night ..................................................... 4-18
City ........................................................... 4-23
Defensive ..................................................... 4-3
Drunken ....................................................... 4-4
Environment ................................................. 4-2
Freeway ..................................................... 4-24
Hill and Mountain Roads .............................. 4-26
In Rain and on Wet Roads ........................... 4-20
Winter ........................................................ 4-28
Driving On Grades .......................................... 4-48
Driving on Snow or Ice .................................... 4-29
Driving Through Deep Standing Water ............... 4-22
Driving Through Flowing Water ......................... 4-22
Driving with a Trailer ....................................... 4-46
Dual Climate Control System ............................ 3-27
DVD
Cleaning the Video Screen .......................... 3-119
Cleaning Your DVD Player .......................... 3-119
Distortion .................................................. 3-118
Rear Seat Entertainment System .................. 3-103
DVD Messages ............................................. 3-108
DVD Player .................................................. 3-106
E
Electrical System
Add-On Equipment ..................................... 5-112
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-113
Headlamp Wiring ....................................... 5-112
Power Windows and Other Power Options .... 5-112
Windshield Wiper Fuses ............................. 5-112
Emissions Inspection and
Maintenance Programs ................................. 3-42
Engine
Air Cleaner/Filter ......................................... 5-18
Battery ....................................................... 5-41
Engine (cont.)
Change Oil Message ................................... 3-46
Check and Service Engine Soon Light ............ 3-39
Coolant ...................................................... 5-22
Coolant Heater ............................................ 2-21
Coolant Temperature Gage ........................... 3-39
Coolant Temperature Warning Message .......... 3-44
Drive Belt Routing ....................................... 6-13
Engine Compartment Overview ...................... 5-12
Exhaust ..................................................... 2-29
Oil ............................................................. 5-13
Overheating ................................................ 5-25
Starting ...................................................... 2-20
Engine Oil Additives ........................................ 5-16
Engine Specifications ..................................... 5-119
Entering Programming Mode ............................ 3-57
Entertainment System
Cleaning the Video Screen .......................... 3-119
Cleaning Your DVD Player .......................... 3-119
DVD Distortion .......................................... 3-118
Entry Lighting ................................................. 3-17
Event Data Records (EDR) .............................. 7-10
Exit Lighting ................................................... 3-18
Exiting Programming Mode ............................... 3-63
Express-Down Window .................................... 2-13
Extender, Safety Belt ....................................... 1-38
Exterior Lamps ............................................... 3-13
5
F
Filter
Engine Air Cleaner ...................................... 5-18
Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station
(RDS and XM™) ......................... 3-68, 3-78, 3-92
Finding a Station ............................ 3-66, 3-76, 3-91
Finish Care .................................................. 5-107
Finish Damage ............................................. 5-109
Flash-to-Pass ................................................... 3-9
Flat Tire ........................................................ 5-77
Flat Tire, Changing ......................................... 5-78
Floor Console Fuse Block .............................. 5-113
Fluid
Automatic Transaxle ..................................... 5-20
Power Steering ........................................... 5-35
Windshield Washer ...................................... 5-36
FM Stereo .................................................... 3-118
Fog Lamps .................................................... 3-15
Folding or Reclining the Seatbacks ..................... 1-6
Following Distance .......................................... 4-47
Front Door Utility Packs ................................... 2-36
Front Reading Lamps ...................................... 3-19
Fuel ............................................................... 5-4
Additives ...................................................... 5-6
California Fuel .............................................. 5-5
Filling a Portable Fuel Container ..................... 5-9
Filling Your Tank ........................................... 5-7
Fuels in Foreign Countries .............................. 5-6
Gage ......................................................... 3-42
6
Fuel (cont.)
Gasoline Octane ........................................... 5-4
Gasoline Specifications .................................. 5-5
Low Warning Message ................................. 3-50
Fuses
Fuses and Circuit Breakers ......................... 5-113
Windshield Wiper ....................................... 5-112
G
Gage
Engine Coolant Temperature ......................... 3-39
Fuel .......................................................... 3-42
Speedometer .............................................. 3-33
Tachometer ................................................. 3-34
Garage Door Opener Compartment ................... 2-34
Gasoline
Octane ........................................................ 5-4
Specifications ............................................... 5-5
Glove Box ..................................................... 2-34
GM Mobility Program for Persons
with Disabilities ............................................. 7-6
H
Hatch Ajar Warning Message ............................ 3-48
Hazard Warning Flashers ................................... 3-6
Head Restraints ............................................... 1-5
Headlamp Exit Delay ............................... 3-16, 3-58
Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer .................... 3-9
Headlamp Wiring ........................................... 5-112
Headlamps .................................................... 5-51
Bulb Replacement ....................................... 5-50
Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and
Parking Lamps ......................................... 5-53
Halogen Bulbs ............................................ 5-50
Headphones ................................................. 3-103
Head-Up Display (HUD) ................................... 3-20
Heated Seats ................................................... 1-3
Highway Hypnosis ........................................... 4-26
Hill and Mountain Roads .................................. 4-26
Hitches .......................................................... 4-45
Hood
Checking Things Under ................................ 5-10
Release ..................................................... 5-11
Horn ............................................................... 3-7
How to Add Automatic Transaxle Fluid ............... 5-22
How to Add Coolant to the
Coolant Recovery Tank ................................ 5-30
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator .................. 5-32
How to Check ................................................ 5-66
How to Check Automatic Transaxle Fluid ............ 5-20
How to Check Power Steering Fluid .................. 5-36
How to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ....... 5-18
How to Use This Manual ..................................... iii
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................... 1-18
Hydroplaning .................................................. 4-21
I
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine .......... 5-27
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine ............... 5-26
If the Light Is Flashing ..................................... 3-40
If the Light Is On Steady ................................. 3-41
If You Are Caught in a Blizzard ......................... 4-31
If You Are Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ....... 4-33
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer ..................... 4-43
Ignition Positions ............................................. 2-18
Infants and Young Children, Restraints ............... 1-41
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................... 5-66
Instrument Panel
Cluster ....................................................... 3-32
Overview ..................................................... 3-4
Switchbank ................................................. 3-19
Instrument Panel Brightness ............................. 3-16
Integrated Windshield Antenna ........................ 3-119
Interior Lamps ................................................ 3-15
Interior Lamps Control ..................................... 3-16
Interior Lighting Delay ...................................... 3-58
Interior Lighting On ......................................... 3-59
J
Jump Starting ................................................. 5-42
7
K
Keyless Entry System ....................................... 2-3
Keys ............................................................... 2-2
L
Lamps
Exterior ......................................................
Interior .......................................................
Lamps On Reminder .......................................
Lap-Shoulder Belt ........................... 1-18, 1-28,
LATCH System
Child Restraints ...........................................
Securing a Child Restraint Designed
for the LATCH System ..............................
Leaving Your Vehicle .......................................
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine Running ...
Liftgate/Tailgate ...............................................
Liftgate/Tailgate Release ..................................
Light
Air Bag Readiness .......................................
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ...................
Brake System Warning .................................
Malfunction Indicator ....................................
Safety Belt Reminder ...................................
TCS Warning Light ......................................
Traction Control System (TCS) Warning ..........
Loading Your Vehicle .......................................
Lock Feedback ...............................................
8
3-13
3-15
3-14
1-32
1-52
1-54
2-10
2-27
2-10
2-11
3-35
3-37
3-36
3-39
3-35
3-38
3-38
4-36
3-63
Lockout Protection .......................................... 2-10
Locks
Delayed Locking ........................................... 2-8
Door ........................................................... 2-7
Leaving Your Vehicle .................................... 2-10
Lockout Protection ....................................... 2-10
Power Door .................................................. 2-8
Programmable Automatic Door Locks ............... 2-9
Rear Door Security Locks ............................... 2-9
Loss of Control ............................................... 4-16
Low Brake Fluid Warning Message .................... 3-50
Low Fuel Warning Message ............................. 3-50
Low Oil Pressure Message ............................... 3-45
Low Tire Message .......................................... 3-47
Low Washer Fluid Warning Message ................. 3-49
Lumbar
Manual Controls ............................................ 1-3
M
Maintenance Schedule
Additional Required Services ...........................
At Each Fuel Fill ...........................................
At Least Once a Month ..................................
At Least Once a Year ....................................
Introduction ..................................................
Maintenance Footnotes ..................................
6-6
6-8
6-9
6-9
6-2
6-7
Maintenance Schedule (cont.)
Maintenance Record .................................... 6-14
Maintenance Requirements ............................. 6-2
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ......... 6-13
Owner Checks and Services ........................... 6-8
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ............. 6-12
Scheduled Maintenance ................................. 6-4
Using Your ................................................... 6-3
Your Vehicle and the Environment ................... 6-2
Maintenance When Trailer Towing ..................... 4-49
Making Turns ................................................. 4-47
Malfunction Indicator Light ................................ 3-39
Manual Lumbar Controls .................................... 1-3
Manual Passenger Seat .................................... 1-2
Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle ............... 2-5
Message
All-Wheel Drive Disable Warning .................... 3-49
Center ....................................................... 3-43
Change Engine Oil ...................................... 3-46
Charging System Indicator ............................ 3-45
Door Ajar Warning ....................................... 3-47
Engine Coolant Temperature Warning ............. 3-44
Low Brake Fluid Warning .............................. 3-50
Low Fuel Warning ....................................... 3-50
Low Oil Pressure ......................................... 3-45
Low Tire ..................................................... 3-47
Low Washer Fluid Warning ........................... 3-49
Park Lamp Warning ..................................... 3-52
PASS-Key® III Security ................................. 3-48
Program Mode ............................................ 3-51
Message (cont.)
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning .............................. 3-48
Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter
Battery Low Warning ................................ 3-52
Service Traction System Warning ................... 3-43
Service Vehicle Soon ................................... 3-51
Traction Active ............................................ 3-44
Mexico, Central America and Caribbean Islands/
Countries (Except Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin
Islands) – Customer Assistance ....................... 7-5
Mirrors
Manual Rearview Mirror ................................ 2-31
Outside Convex Mirror ................................. 2-31
Outside Power Mirrors .................................. 2-31
MyGMLink.com ................................................ 7-4
N
New Vehicle Break-In ...................................... 2-18
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts ............ 6-13
O
Odometer ......................................................
Off-Road Recovery ..........................................
Oil
Engine .......................................................
Pressure Message .......................................
Older Children, Restraints ................................
3-33
4-14
5-13
3-45
1-39
9
Online Owner Center ........................................ 7-4
OnStar® Personal Calling ................................. 2-33
OnStar® Services ............................................ 2-32
OnStar® System ............................................. 2-32
OnStar® Virtual Advisor .................................... 2-33
Operation .............................................. 3-24, 3-27
Operation Tips ................................................ 3-30
Other Warning Devices ...................................... 3-7
Outlet Adjustment ............................................ 3-30
Outside
Convex Mirror ............................................. 2-31
Power Mirrors ............................................. 2-31
Overhead Console .......................................... 2-34
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode ... 5-25
Overseas – Customer Assistance ........................ 7-5
Owner Checks and Services .............................. 6-8
Owners, Canadian ............................................... ii
Owner’s Information ........................................ 7-14
P
Park Lamp Warning Message ...........................
Park(P)
Shifting Into ................................................
Shifting Out of ............................................
Parking
Brake ........................................................
Over Things That Burn .................................
10
Parking on Hills .............................................. 4-48
Passing ................................................. 4-15, 4-47
PASS-Key® III ................................................ 2-16
PASS-Key® III Operation .................................. 2-16
PASS-Key® III Security Message ....................... 3-48
Perimeter Lighting ........................................... 3-18
Plan Ahead When Possible ................................ 7-8
Playing a CD ................................. 3-73, 3-83, 3-97
Playing a Specific Loaded CD .......................... 3-99
Playing the Radio ........................... 3-66, 3-76, 3-90
Power
Accessory Outlets ........................................ 3-22
Door Locks .................................................. 2-8
Electrical System ....................................... 5-112
Six-Way Seats .............................................. 1-2
Steering Fluid ............................................. 5-35
Windows .................................................... 2-13
Power Steering ............................................... 4-12
Program Mode Message .................................. 3-51
Programmable Automatic Door Locks .................. 2-9
3-52
Q
2-26
2-28
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......... 1-17
2-25
2-28
R
Radiator Pressure Cap .................................... 5-25
Radio Data System (RDS) ............... 3-65, 3-75, 3-89
Radio Messages ............................. 3-71, 3-80, 3-95
Radios .......................................................... 3-64
Care of Your CD and DVD Player ................ 3-118
Care of Your CDs and DVDs ....................... 3-118
Radio with CD .................................... 3-65, 3-75
Radio with Six-Disc CD ................................ 3-89
Rear Audio Controller (RAC) ........................ 3-116
Setting the Time .......................................... 3-64
Theft-Deterrent .......................................... 3-116
Understanding Reception ............................ 3-118
RDS Messages .............................. 3-70, 3-79, 3-94
Rear Audio Controller (RAC) ........................... 3-116
Rear Hatch Ajar Warning Message .................... 3-48
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ...................... 1-34
Rear Seat Entertainment System ..................... 3-103
Rear Seat Operation ......................................... 1-6
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions ............. 1-28
Rear Seat Passengers, Safety Belts .................. 1-28
Rear Storage Area .......................................... 2-37
Rear Window Defogger ............................ 3-26, 3-29
Rearview Mirrors ............................................. 2-31
Reclining Seatbacks .......................................... 1-4
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants ................. 6-12
Recreational Vehicle Towing ............................. 4-34
Remote Alarm .................................................. 2-5
Remote Control ............................................. 3-109
Remote Door Unlock ....................................... 3-61
Remote Keyless Entry System ............................ 2-3
Remote Keyless Entry System, Operation ............ 2-4
Remote Keyless Entry Transmitter Battery Low
Warning Message ........................................ 3-52
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing
the Spare Tire ............................................. 5-91
Removing the Floor Track Assembly .................. 2-45
Removing the Sliding Rear Convenience Tray ..... 2-44
Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................... 5-79
Removing the Split Bench Seat .......................... 1-7
Replacement Bulbs ......................................... 5-55
Replacing Brake System Parts .......................... 5-41
Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash ..... 1-72
Replacing the Floor Track Assembly .................. 2-46
Replacing the Sliding Rear Convenience Tray ..... 2-47
Replacing the Split Bench Seats ......................... 1-9
Reporting Safety Defects
Canadian Government .................................. 7-12
General Motors ........................................... 7-12
United States Government ............................ 7-11
Restraint System Check
Checking Your Restraint Systems ................... 1-71
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash .......................................... 1-72
Restraint Systems
Checking .................................................... 1-71
Replacing Parts ........................................... 1-72
Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................... 2-19
Retro-Active Reset .......................................... 3-34
11
Right Front Passenger Position, Safety Belts ...... 1-27
Roadside
Assistance Program ....................................... 7-6
Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out ................... 4-33
Roof Rack System .......................................... 2-38
Routing, Engine Drive Belt ............................... 6-13
Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....... 2-30
S
Safety Belt
Reminder Light ............................................ 3-35
Safety Belts
Care of .................................................... 5-106
Center Rear Passenger Position .................... 1-32
Driver Position ............................................ 1-18
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ................ 1-18
Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ..... 1-17
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults ...................................... 1-34
Rear Seat Passengers ................................. 1-28
Right Front Passenger Position ...................... 1-27
Safety Belt Extender .................................... 1-38
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ................. 1-26
Safety Belts Are for Everyone ....................... 1-12
Safety Chains ................................................. 4-45
Safety Warnings and Symbols .............................. iii
Scheduled Maintenance ..................................... 6-4
12
Seats
Head Restraints ............................................ 1-5
Heated Seats ............................................... 1-3
Manual Lumbar ............................................. 1-3
Manual Passenger ......................................... 1-2
Rear Seat Operation ...................................... 1-6
Reclining Seatbacks ...................................... 1-4
Six-Way Power Seats .................................... 1-2
Split Bench Seats ......................................... 1-6
Secondary Latch System ................................. 5-85
Securing a Child Restraint
Center Rear Seat Position ............................ 1-56
Designed for the LATCH System ................... 1-54
Rear Outside Seat Position ........................... 1-54
Right Front Seat Position .............................. 1-59
Security Message, PASS-Key® III ...................... 3-48
Security While You Travel .................................. 7-6
Service ........................................................... 5-3
Adding Equipment to the Outside
of Your Vehicle .......................................... 5-4
Doing Your Own Work ................................... 5-3
Engine Soon Light ....................................... 3-39
Publications Ordering Information ................... 7-13
Traction System Warning Message ................. 3-43
Vehicle Soon Message ................................. 3-51
Service Bulletins ............................................. 7-13
Service Engine Soon Light in the United States
or Check Engine Light in Canada .................. 3-39
Service Manuals ............................................. 7-13
Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only) ....... 3-69, 3-79, 3-94
Setting Preset Stations .................... 3-67, 3-77, 3-91
Setting the Time ............................................. 3-64
Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble) .......... 3-67, 3-77, 3-92
Sheet Metal Damage ..................................... 5-108
Shift Lock Release .......................................... 2-25
Shifting Into Park (P) ....................................... 2-26
Shifting Out of Park (P) ................................... 2-28
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster ........................... 1-20
Skidding ........................................................ 4-16
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips ....................... 4-22
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems .................... 5-104
Specifications, Capacities ............................... 5-118
Speedometer .................................................. 3-33
Split Bench Seats ............................................. 1-6
Starting Your Engine ....................................... 2-20
Steering ........................................................ 4-12
Steering in Emergencies .................................. 4-13
Steering Tips .................................................. 4-12
Steering Wheel Controls, Audio ....................... 3-117
Stereo RCA Jacks ......................................... 3-104
Storage Areas
Cargo Net System ....................................... 2-42
Console/Cooler ............................................ 2-36
Convenience Net ......................................... 2-41
Cupholder(s) ............................................... 2-34
Front Door Utility Packs ................................ 2-36
Storage Areas (cont.)
Glove Box ..................................................
Overhead Console .......................................
Rear Storage Area .......................................
Roof Rack System .......................................
Sliding Rear Convenience Tray ......................
Storage Compartment ......................................
Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ...............
Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ......................
Sun Visors .....................................................
Sunglasses Storage Compartment .....................
Sunroof .........................................................
Switchbanks, Instrument Panel ..........................
2-34
2-34
2-37
2-38
2-43
2-36
5-97
4-33
2-13
2-36
2-48
3-19
T
Tachometer .................................................... 3-34
Tailgate/Liftgate ............................................... 2-10
Taillamps
Stoplamps, and Back-Up Lamps .................... 5-54
TCS Warning Light .......................................... 3-38
Theft-Deterrent, Radio .................................... 3-116
Theft-Deterrent Systems ................................... 2-14
Content Theft-Deterrent ................................ 2-14
PASS-Key® III ............................................. 2-16
PASS-Key® III Operation .............................. 2-16
Tilt Wheel ........................................................ 3-7
13
Tips and Trouble ........................................... 3-113
Tire
Low Message ............................................. 3-47
Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................... 5-58
Tire Size ....................................................... 5-62
Tire Terminology and Definitions ........................ 5-63
Tires ............................................................. 5-58
Buying New Tires ........................................ 5-71
Chains ....................................................... 5-75
Changing a Flat Tire .................................... 5-78
Check Tire Pressure System ......................... 5-67
Compact Spare Tire ................................... 5-102
If a Tire Goes Flat ....................................... 5-77
Inflation - Tire Pressure ................................ 5-66
Inspection and Rotation ................................ 5-68
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................... 5-72
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ................. 5-73
Wheel Replacement ..................................... 5-74
When It Is Time for New Tires ...................... 5-70
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater .................... 2-21
Top Strap ...................................................... 1-49
Top Strap Anchor Location ............................... 1-50
Torque Lock ................................................... 2-27
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires .................. 4-45
Towing
Recreational Vehicle ..................................... 4-34
Your Vehicle ............................................... 4-34
14
Traction
Active Message ........................................... 3-44
Control System (TCS) .................................. 4-10
Control System Warning Light ....................... 3-38
Service Traction System Warning Message ..... 3-43
Trailer Brakes ................................................. 4-45
Trailer Wiring Harness ..................................... 4-49
Transaxle
Fluid, Automatic ........................................... 5-20
Transaxle Operation, Automatic ......................... 2-22
Transfer Case (Power Transfer Unit) .................. 5-48
Transmission, Transaxle, Transfer Case Unit
Repair Manual ............................................ 7-13
Transportation Options ...................................... 7-8
Trip Odometer ................................................ 3-33
Turn and Lane-Change Signals .......................... 3-8
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ........................... 3-8
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer .................. 4-47
U
Underhood Fuse Block ................................... 5-115
Understanding Radio Reception ....................... 3-118
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ............................ 5-72
United States – Customer Assistance .................. 7-5
Unlock Feedback ............................................ 3-62
Used Replacement Wheels .............................. 5-75
Using an MP3 CD .......................................... 3-84
Using Cleaner on Fabric ................................ 5-104
Using Song List Mode ................................... 3-101
V
Vehicle
Control ........................................................ 4-7
Damage Warnings ........................................... iv
Design ......................................................... 4-3
Loading ...................................................... 4-36
Service Soon Message ................................. 3-51
Symbols ......................................................... iv
Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data Records .... 7-10
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ............................................ 5-111
Service Parts Identification Label .................. 5-111
Vehicle Personalization
DIC ........................................................... 3-57
Vehicle Storage .............................................. 5-41
Ventilation Adjustment ...................................... 3-30
Video Screen ................................................ 3-105
Visor Vanity Mirror .......................................... 2-13
Visors ........................................................... 2-13
W
Warm-Up Shift ................................................ 2-24
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators ................ 3-31
Warnings
Hazard Warning Flashers ............................... 3-6
Other Warning Devices .................................. 3-7
Safety and Symbols ......................................... iii
Vehicle Damage .............................................. iv
Washer Fluid Low Warning Message ................. 3-49
Washing Your Vehicle .................................... 5-106
Weight of the Trailer ........................................ 4-43
Weight of the Trailer Tongue ............................. 4-44
What Coolant to Use ....................................... 5-23
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use ........................ 5-15
What Power Steering Fluid to Use .................... 5-36
What to Do with Used Oil ................................ 5-18
What Washer Fluid to Use ............................... 5-36
Wheels
Alignment and Tire Balance .......................... 5-73
Replacement ............................................... 5-74
When to Add Engine Oil .................................. 5-14
When to Change Engine Oil
(GM Oil Life System) ................................... 5-16
When to Check .............................................. 5-66
15
When to Check and Change Automatic
Transaxle Fluid ........................................... 5-20
When to Check Power Steering Fluid ................ 5-36
When to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ..... 5-18
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill ......................................... 4-49
Where to Put the Restraint ............................... 1-48
Why Safety Belts Work .................................... 1-13
Window Lock Out ........................................... 2-13
Windows ....................................................... 2-12
Power ........................................................ 2-13
Windshield Washer ......................................... 3-10
Fluid .......................................................... 5-36
Windshield Wiper
Blade Replacement ...................................... 5-56
Fuses ...................................................... 5-112
Windshield Wipers .......................................... 3-10
Winter Driving ................................................ 4-28
16
X
XM™ Satellite Radio Antenna System .............. 3-119
XM™ Satellite Radio Service
(48 Contiguous US States) ... 3-65, 3-75, 3-90, 3-118
Y
Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ............. 4-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment ....................... 6-2