Cisco Systems 80O SERIES Router User Manual

Cisco 800 Series Routers
Hardware Installation Guide
Corporate Headquarters
Cisco Systems, Inc.
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-1706
USA
http://www.cisco.com
Tel: 408 526-4000
800 553-NETS (6387)
Fax: 408 526-4100
Customer Order Number: DOC-785373=
Text Part Number: 78-5373-04
THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE PRODUCTS IN THIS MANUAL ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT
NOTICE. ALL STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN THIS MANUAL ARE BELIEVED TO BE ACCURATE BUT
ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR
THEIR APPLICATION OF ANY PRODUCTS.
THE SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY FOR THE ACCOMPANYING PRODUCT ARE SET FORTH IN THE INFORMATION
PACKET THAT SHIPPED WITH THE PRODUCT AND ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE. IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO
LOCATE THE SOFTWARE LICENSE OR LIMITED WARRANTY, CONTACT YOUR CISCO REPRESENTATIVE FOR A COPY.
The following information is for FCC compliance of Class A devices: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case users will be required to correct the interference at their own expense.
The following information is for FCC compliance of Class B devices: The equipment described in this manual generates and may radiate
radio-frequency energy. If it is not installed in accordance with Cisco’s installation instructions, it may cause interference with radio and television
reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in
part 15 of the FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
Modifying the equipment without Cisco’s written authorization may result in the equipment no longer complying with FCC requirements for Class
A or Class B digital devices. In that event, your right to use the equipment may be limited by FCC regulations, and you may be required to correct
any interference to radio or television communications at your own expense.
You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco
equipment or one of its peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by
using one or more of the following measures:
• Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.
• Move the equipment to one side or the other of the television or radio.
• Move the equipment farther away from the television or radio.
• Plug the equipment into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the equipment and the television
or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.)
Modifications to this product not authorized by Cisco Systems, Inc. could void the FCC approval and negate your authority to operate the product.
The Cisco implementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program developed by the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) as
part of UCB’s public domain version of the UNIX operating system. All rights reserved. Copyright © 1981, Regents of the University of California.
NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER WARRANTY HEREIN, ALL DOCUMENT FILES AND SOFTWARE OF THESE SUPPLIERS ARE
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Live, Play, and Learn, and iQuick Study are service marks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; and Access Registrar, Aironet, ASIST, BPX, Catalyst, CCDA, CCDP,
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All other trademarks mentioned in this document or Website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a
partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (0502R)
Cisco 800 Series Routers Hardware Installation Guide
Copyright © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
CONTENTS
About This Guide
Audience
vii
vii
Organization
vii
Conventions
vii
Obtaining Documentation ix
Cisco.com ix
Documentation DVD ix
Ordering Documentation ix
Documentation Feedback
x
Cisco Product Security Overview x
Reporting Security Problems in Cisco Products
Obtaining Technical Assistance xi
Cisco Technical Support Website xi
Submitting a Service Request xii
Definitions of Service Request Severity
xii
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
CHAPTER
1
Overview
1-2
Router Ports Summary
CHAPTER
2
Front Panels
1-3
Back Panels
1-4
1-3
1-7
Installation
Safety
xii
1-1
Feature Summary
LEDs
x
2-1
2-2
European Union Statements 2-2
Network Termination Point Statement
ISDN S/T Ports Statement 2-3
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
Preventing Router Damage
Unpacking Your Router
Preinstallation Activities
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
2-4
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Contents
Installing Your Router 2-5
Connecting Ethernet Devices 2-6
Connecting an ISDN Line 2-10
Connecting an IDSL Line 2-13
Connecting a Digital Telephone 2-14
Connecting an Analog Telephone, Fax, or Modem
Connecting a Terminal or PC 2-17
Connecting the Power Supply 2-18
2-15
Mounting Your Router 2-18
Mounting on a Table 2-18
Mounting on a Wall 2-19
Verifying Installation
2-20
Where to Go from Here
CHAPTER
Troubleshooting
3
2-22
3-1
Problems During First Startup
Problems After First Startup
3-2
3-3
Problems After Router Is Running
3-5
When Contacting Your Cisco Reseller
APPENDIX
A
ISDN and IDSL Concepts
APPENDIX
B
Specifications and Cables
3-7
A-1
B-1
System Specifications
B-1
Port Connector Pinouts
B-2
Cabling Specifications B-6
Ethernet Cable Specifications B-7
Maximum Cable Distances B-7
GLOSSARY
INDEX
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About This Guide
This preface discusses the audience, organization, and conventions used in this guide.
Audience
This guide is intended for service technicians with all levels of experience in installing routers. The goal
of all technicians is to connect the router to the network as quickly as possible. Where relevant, this guide
explains how the router is implemented and why. Conceptual information is usually in a separate section
or appendix so that technicians who are not interested can skip this information.
Organization
This guide contains the following information:
•
About This Guide—Describes audience, organization, conventions used in this guide, and how to
access related documentation.
•
Overview—Contains router features and a description of router LEDs, ports, and other components.
•
Installation—Provides information on safety, preventing damage, unpacking, and preparing for
installation as well as installing, mounting, and verifying the connections to your router.
•
Troubleshooting—Describes how to identify and solve problems with your router.
•
ISDN and IDSL Concepts—Describes how ISDN is implemented on the router.
•
Specifications and Cables—Provides router, port, and cable specifications.
•
Glossary—Defines technical terms frequently used in this guide.
Conventions
This section describes the conventions used in this guide.
Note
Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to additional information and
material.
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About This Guide
Conventions
Caution
This symbol means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could result in
equipment damage or loss of data.
Warning
This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause
bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards
involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with the standard practices
for preventing accidents.
Waarschuwing
Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een situatie die
lichamelijk letsel kan veroorzaken. Voordat u aan enige apparatuur gaat
werken, dient u zich bewust te zijn van de bij elektrische schakelingen
betrokken risico's en dient u op de hoogte te zijn van standaard maatregelen
om ongelukken te voorkomen.
Varoitus
Tämä varoitusmerkki merkitsee vaaraa. Olet tilanteessa, joka voi johtaa
ruumiinvammaan. Ennen kuin työskentelet minkään laitteiston parissa, ota
selvää sähkökytkentöihin liittyvistä vaaroista ja tavanomaisista
onnettomuuksien ehkäisykeinoista.
Attention
Ce symbole d'avertissement indique un danger. Vous vous trouvez dans une
situation pouvant causer des blessures ou des dommages corporels. Avant de
travailler sur un équipement, soyez conscient des dangers posés par les
circuits électriques et familiarisez-vous avec les procédures couramment
utilisées pour éviter les accidents.
Warnung
Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer Situation, die
zu einer Körperverletzung führen könnte. Bevor Sie mit der Arbeit an
irgendeinem Gerät beginnen, seien Sie sich der mit elektrischen
Stromkreisen verbundenen Gefahren und der Standardpraktiken zur
Vermeidung von Unfällen bewußt.
Avvertenza
Questo simbolo di avvertenza indica un pericolo. La situazione potrebbe
causare infortuni alle persone. Prima di lavorare su qualsiasi
apparecchiatura, occorre conoscere i pericoli relativi ai circuiti elettrici ed
essere al corrente delle pratiche standard per la prevenzione di incidenti.
Advarsel
Dette varselsymbolet betyr fare. Du befinner deg i en situasjon som kan føre
til personskade. Før du utfører arbeid på utstyr, må du vare oppmerksom på de
faremomentene som elektriske kretser innebærer, samt gjøre deg kjent med
vanlig praksis når det gjelder å unngå ulykker.
Aviso
Este símbolo de aviso indica perigo. Encontra-se numa situação que lhe
poderá causar danos físicos. Antes de começar a trabalhar com qualquer
equipamento, familiarize-se com os perigos relacionados com circuitos
eléctricos, e com quaisquer práticas comuns que possam prevenir possíveis
acidentes.
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About This Guide
Obtaining Documentation
¡Atención!
Varning!
Este símbolo de aviso significa peligro. Existe riesgo para su integridad
física. Antes de manipular cualquier equipo, considerar los riesgos que
entraña la corriente eléctrica y familiarizarse con los procedimientos
estándar de prevención de accidentes.
Denna varningssymbol signalerar fara. Du befinner dig i en situation som kan
leda till personskada. Innan du utför arbete på någon utrustning måste du vara
medveten om farorna med elkretsar och känna till vanligt förfarande för att
förebygga skador.
Obtaining Documentation
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available on Cisco.com. Cisco also provides several
ways to obtain technical assistance and other technical resources. These sections explain how to obtain
technical information from Cisco Systems.
Cisco.com
You can access the most current Cisco documentation at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/home/home.htm
You can access the Cisco website at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com
You can access international Cisco websites at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/public/countries_languages.shtml
Documentation DVD
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available in a Documentation DVD package, which
may have shipped with your product. The Documentation DVD is updated regularly and may be more
current than printed documentation. The Documentation DVD package is available as a single unit.
Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order a Cisco Documentation DVD (product
number DOC-DOCDVD=) from the Ordering tool or Cisco Marketplace.
Cisco Ordering tool:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/
Cisco Marketplace:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
Ordering Documentation
You can find instructions for ordering documentation at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/es_inpck/pdi.htm
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About This Guide
Documentation Feedback
You can order Cisco documentation in these ways:
•
Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order Cisco product documentation from
the Ordering tool:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/
•
Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order documentation through a local account representative by
calling Cisco Systems Corporate Headquarters (California, USA) at 408 526-7208 or, elsewhere in
North America, by calling 1 800 553-NETS (6387).
Documentation Feedback
You can send comments about technical documentation to bug-doc@cisco.com.
You can submit comments by using the response card (if present) behind the front cover of your
document or by writing to the following address:
Cisco Systems
Attn: Customer Document Ordering
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-9883
We appreciate your comments.
Cisco Product Security Overview
Cisco provides a free online Security Vulnerability Policy portal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.html
From this site, you can perform these tasks:
•
Report security vulnerabilities in Cisco products.
•
Obtain assistance with security incidents that involve Cisco products.
•
Register to receive security information from Cisco.
A current list of security advisories and notices for Cisco products is available at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt
If you prefer to see advisories and notices as they are updated in real time, you can access a Product
Security Incident Response Team Really Simple Syndication (PSIRT RSS) feed from this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_psirt_rss_feed.html
Reporting Security Problems in Cisco Products
Cisco is committed to delivering secure products. We test our products internally before we release them,
and we strive to correct all vulnerabilities quickly. If you think that you might have identified a
vulnerability in a Cisco product, contact PSIRT:
•
Emergencies — security-alert@cisco.com
•
Nonemergencies — psirt@cisco.com
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About This Guide
Obtaining Technical Assistance
Tip
We encourage you to use Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) or a compatible product to encrypt any sensitive
information that you send to Cisco. PSIRT can work from encrypted information that is compatible with
PGP versions 2.x through 8.x.
Never use a revoked or an expired encryption key. The correct public key to use in your correspondence
with PSIRT is the one that has the most recent creation date in this public key server list:
http://pgp.mit.edu:11371/pks/lookup?search=psirt%40cisco.com&op=index&exact=on
In an emergency, you can also reach PSIRT by telephone:
•
1 877 228-7302
•
1 408 525-6532
Obtaining Technical Assistance
For all customers, partners, resellers, and distributors who hold valid Cisco service contracts, Cisco
Technical Support provides 24-hour-a-day, award-winning technical assistance. The Cisco Technical
Support Website on Cisco.com features extensive online support resources. In addition, Cisco Technical
Assistance Center (TAC) engineers provide telephone support. If you do not hold a valid Cisco service
contract, contact your reseller.
Cisco Technical Support Website
The Cisco Technical Support Website provides online documents and tools for troubleshooting and
resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. The website is available 24 hours a day,
365 days a year, at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Access to all tools on the Cisco Technical Support Website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password.
If you have a valid service contract but do not have a user ID or password, you can register at this URL:
http://tools.cisco.com/RPF/register/register.do
Note
Use the Cisco Product Identification (CPI) tool to locate your product serial number before submitting
a web or phone request for service. You can access the CPI tool from the Cisco Technical Support
Website by clicking the Tools & Resources link under Documentation & Tools. Choose Cisco Product
Identification Tool from the Alphabetical Index drop-down list, or click the Cisco Product
Identification Tool link under Alerts & RMAs. The CPI tool offers three search options: by product ID
or model name; by tree view; or for certain products, by copying and pasting show command output.
Search results show an illustration of your product with the serial number label location highlighted.
Locate the serial number label on your product and record the information before placing a service call.
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About This Guide
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
Submitting a Service Request
Using the online TAC Service Request Tool is the fastest way to open S3 and S4 service requests. (S3
and S4 service requests are those in which your network is minimally impaired or for which you require
product information.) After you describe your situation, the TAC Service Request Tool provides
recommended solutions. If your issue is not resolved using the recommended resources, your service
request is assigned to a Cisco TAC engineer. The TAC Service Request Tool is located at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/servicerequest
For S1 or S2 service requests or if you do not have Internet access, contact the Cisco TAC by telephone.
(S1 or S2 service requests are those in which your production network is down or severely degraded.)
Cisco TAC engineers are assigned immediately to S1 and S2 service requests to help keep your business
operations running smoothly.
To open a service request by telephone, use one of the following numbers:
Asia-Pacific: +61 2 8446 7411 (Australia: 1 800 805 227)
EMEA: +32 2 704 55 55
USA: 1 800 553-2447
For a complete list of Cisco TAC contacts, go to this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/contacts
Definitions of Service Request Severity
To ensure that all service requests are reported in a standard format, Cisco has established severity
definitions.
Severity 1 (S1)—Your network is “down,” or there is a critical impact to your business operations. You
and Cisco will commit all necessary resources around the clock to resolve the situation.
Severity 2 (S2)—Operation of an existing network is severely degraded, or significant aspects of your
business operation are negatively affected by inadequate performance of Cisco products. You and Cisco
will commit full-time resources during normal business hours to resolve the situation.
Severity 3 (S3)—Operational performance of your network is impaired, but most business operations
remain functional. You and Cisco will commit resources during normal business hours to restore service
to satisfactory levels.
Severity 4 (S4)—You require information or assistance with Cisco product capabilities, installation, or
configuration. There is little or no effect on your business operations.
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
Information about Cisco products, technologies, and network solutions is available from various online
and printed sources.
•
Cisco Marketplace provides a variety of Cisco books, reference guides, and logo merchandise. Visit
Cisco Marketplace, the company store, at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
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About This Guide
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
•
Cisco Press publishes a wide range of general networking, training and certification titles. Both new
and experienced users will benefit from these publications. For current Cisco Press titles and other
information, go to Cisco Press at this URL:
http://www.ciscopress.com
•
Packet magazine is the Cisco Systems technical user magazine for maximizing Internet and
networking investments. Each quarter, Packet delivers coverage of the latest industry trends,
technology breakthroughs, and Cisco products and solutions, as well as network deployment and
troubleshooting tips, configuration examples, customer case studies, certification and training
information, and links to scores of in-depth online resources. You can access Packet magazine at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/packet
•
iQ Magazine is the quarterly publication from Cisco Systems designed to help growing companies
learn how they can use technology to increase revenue, streamline their business, and expand
services. The publication identifies the challenges facing these companies and the technologies to
help solve them, using real-world case studies and business strategies to help readers make sound
technology investment decisions. You can access iQ Magazine at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/iqmagazine
•
Internet Protocol Journal is a quarterly journal published by Cisco Systems for engineering
professionals involved in designing, developing, and operating public and private internets and
intranets. You can access the Internet Protocol Journal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/ipj
•
World-class networking training is available from Cisco. You can view current offerings at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/learning/index.html
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C H A P T E R
1
Overview
The Cisco 800 series routers connect small professional offices or telecommuters over Integrated
Services Digital Network (ISDN) Basic Rate Interface (BRI) lines to the Corporate LANs and the
Internet. The routers offer bridging and multiprotocol routing capability between LAN and WAN ports.
This chapter contains the following topics:
•
Feature Summary
•
Router Ports Summary
•
Front Panels
•
Back Panels
•
LEDs
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Chapter 1
Overview
Feature Summary
Feature Summary
Table 1-1 summarizes the features of the Cisco 800 series routers.
Table 1-1
Cisco 800 Series Feature Summary
Feature
Routers
Description
10BASE-T Ethernet port(s)
All
Provides connection to 10BASE-T (10 Mbps)
Ethernet networks. Compatible with
10/100-Mbps devices.
ISDN BRI S/T port
Cisco 801 and 803
Provides connection to ISDN S/T network.
ISDN BRI U port
Cisco 802 and 804
Provides connection to ISDN U network.
IDSL port
Cisco 802 IDSL
and 804 IDSL
Provides connection to IDSL network.
Telephone ports
Cisco 803 and 804
Provide connection to telephone, fax machine,
or modem, which are connected to telephone
services through ISDN line.
Internal Network Termination 1
(NT1)
Cisco 802 and 804
Eliminates need for an external NT1 in North
America.1
Flash memory
All
8 MB of Flash memory.2
Dynamic RAM (DRAM)
All
4 MB of DRAM.2
Easily distinguishable ISDN
B-channel LEDs
All
ISDN B-channel LEDs in a different color
from other LEDs.
Ease of installation
All
Color-coded ports and cables to reduce the
chance of error.
Cisco IOS software
All
Supports Cisco IOS software.
Cisco 800 Fast Step application
All
Provides a Windows 95–, Windows 98–, and
Windows NT–based software tool for basic
configurations.
Console port
All
Provides connection to terminal or PC for
software configuration using command-line
interface and for troubleshooting.
Note
The console port is a service port.
Cable lock
All
Provides a way to physically secure the router.
Locking power connector
All
Locks power connector in place.
Wall-mount feature
All
Brackets on router bottom provide a way to
mount router on wall or vertical surface.
1. Although the ISDN U interfaces on the Cisco 802 and Cisco 804 routers provide internal NT1s, the routers themselves do not
function as NT1s. You cannot connect S/T devices to Cisco 802 and Cisco 804 routers.
2. An additional 8 MB of Flash memory and 4 or 8 MB of DRAM can be added at the factory or later. You can order upgrade
kits and have trained and qualified personnel add the memory. The Cisco product number for the 8-MB Flash memory upgrade
kit is MEM800-8F and the numbers for the DRAM upgrade kits are MEM800-4D and MEM800-8D.
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Chapter 1
Overview
Router Ports Summary
Router Ports Summary
Table 1-2 lists the Cisco 800 series routers and ports.
Table 1-2
Router Ports
Router
Ethernet Ports
ISDN Ports
Telephone Ports
Cisco 801
One
ISDN BRI S/T
None
Cisco 802
One
ISDN BRI U
None
Cisco 802 IDSL
One
IDSL
None
Cisco 803
Four
ISDN BRI S/T
Two
Cisco 804
Four
ISDN BRI U
Two
Cisco 804 IDSL
Four
IDSL
None
Front Panels
The figures in this section show the front panel of the Cisco 800 series routers.
Cisco 801, Cisco 802, and Cisco 802 IDSL Front Panel
11664
Figure 1-1
NT1 LED on
Cisco 802 and
802 IDSL routers only
Cisco 803 and Cisco 804 Front Panel
11665
Figure 1-2
NT1 LED on
Cisco 804 router only
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Chapter 1
Overview
Back Panels
Figure 1-3
Cisco 804 IDSL Front Panel
ETHERNE
30770
IDSL
T
IDSL
Back Panels
The figures in this section show the back panel of each of the Cisco 800 series routers.
If the symbol of suitability ( ) appears above a port, you can connect the port directly to a public
network that follows the European Union standards.
Warning
Cisco 801 Router Back Panel
Link LED
Indicates state
of Ethernet
port. On when
connected.
Ethernet port
Connect Ethernet
network device.
HU
LINK NOB
HU
B
ETHERN
ET
ISDN BRI S/T port
Connect to external
NT1 or ISDN wall jack.
Cisco 80
1
CONSOL
E
10 BASE
Cable lock
Use cable
lock to
physically
secure
router.
Power switch
l = On.
= Standby or no power output.
ISDN S/T
T
HUB/NO HUB button
(for Ethernet port)
Console port
Determines cable
Connect PC or
type for Ethernet
terminal.
device connection.
11666
Figure 1-4
If the symbol of suitability with an overlaid cross ( ) appears above a port, you must not connect the
port to a public network that follows the European Union standards. Connecting the port to this type
of public network can cause severe injury or damage your router.
Locking power
connector
Connect power
supply.
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Chapter 1
Overview
Back Panels
Cisco 802 Router Back Panel
Ethernet port
Connect Ethernet
network device.
Link LED
Indicates state
of Ethernet port.
HU
LINK NOB
HUB
ETHERN
Figure 1-6
Power switch
l = On.
= Standby or no power output.
Cisco 80
ET
2
CONSOL
E
10 BASE
ISDN U
T
HUB/NO HUB button
(for Ethernet port)
Determines cable
type for Ethernet
device connection.
11667
Cable lock
Use cable
lock to
physically
secure
router.
ISDN BRI U port
Connect to
ISDN wall jack.
Console port
Connect PC
or terminal.
Locking power
connector
Connect power
supply.
Cisco 803 Router Back Panel
ISDN BRI S/T port
Connect to external
NT1 or ISDN wall jack.
Ethernet ports
Connect Ethernet
network devices.
HUB
NO HU
ETHERN
3
SE T
CONSOL
E
0
Cable lock
Use cable
lock to
physically
secure
router.
1
Power switch
l = On.
= Standby or
no power output.
Cisco 80
ET 10 BA
B
Telephone ports
Connect to telephone,
fax machine, or modem.
ISDN S/
T
PHONE
2
3
1
HUB/NO HUB button
(for Ethernet port 0)
Determines cable
type for Ethernet
device connection.
Console port
Connect PC or
terminal.
11668
Figure 1-5
2
Locking power
connector
Connect power
supply.
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Chapter 1
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Back Panels
Figure 1-7
Cisco 804 Router Back Panel
HUB
NO HU
ETHERN
Power switch
l = On.
= Standby or no
power output.
Cisco 80
ET 10 BA
B
Telephone ports
Connect to telephone,
fax machine, or
modem.
ISDN BRI U port
Connect to ISDN
wall jack.
Ethernet ports
Connect Ethernet
network devices.
4
SE T
CONSOL
E
ISDN U
Cable lock
Use cable
lock to
physically
secure
router.
3
1
HUB/NO HUB button
(for Ethernet port 0)
Determines cable
type for Ethernet
device connection.
Console port
Connect PC or
terminal.
2
Locking power
connector
Connect power
supply.
Cisco 802 IDSL Router Back Panel
Link LED
Indicates state
of Ethernet port.
Ethernet port
Connect Ethernet
network device.
TO
LINK TO HUB
PC
IDSL port
Connect to
IDSL wall jack.
ET
10 BASE
Power switch
l = On.
= Standby or no power output.
Cisco 80
ETHERN
CONSOL
E
Cable lock
Use cable
lock to
physically
secure
router.
PHONE
2
2 IDSL
IDSL
T
TO HUB/TO PC
(for Ethernet port)
Determines cable
type for Ethernet
device connection.
30771
Figure 1-8
1
11669
0
Console port
Connect PC
or terminal.
Locking power
connector
Connect power
supply.
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LEDs
Figure 1-9
Cisco 804 IDSL Router Back Panel
TO HUB
TO PC
ETHERN
Power switch
l = On.
= Standby or no
power output.
IDSL port
Connect to IDSL
wall jack.
Ethernet ports
Connect Ethernet
network devices.
Cisco 80
ET 10 BA
SE T
4 IDSL
CONSOL
E
IDSL
Cable lock
Use cable
lock to
physically
secure
router.
2
3
TO HUB/TO PC
(for Ethernet port 1)
Determines cable
type for Ethernet
device connection.
4
30772
1
Console port
Connect PC or
terminal.
Locking power
connector
Connect power
supply.
LEDs
Table 1-3 summarizes the function of each LED.
Table 1-3
LED Functions
LED
Color
Function
OK
Green
On when power is supplied to the router and when the router completes the
self-test procedure and begins operating.
NT1
Green
Not applicable for Cisco 801 and 803 routers.
On when the internal NT1 and the ISDN switch are synchronized.
Blinks when the internal NT1 and the ISDN switch are attempting to
synchronize.
LINE
Green
On when the ISDN interface and the ISDN terminal device are synchronized.
LAN
Green
On when packets are sent to or received from an Ethernet port.
LAN RXD
Green
Blinks when an Ethernet port receives a packet.
LAN TXD
Green
Blinks when an Ethernet port sends a packet.
LKØ, LK1,
LK2, LK3
Green
Cisco 803 and 804 routers only.
On when the Ethernet device is connected.
Off when the Ethernet device is not connected.
Blinks when the connection has a problem. See the “Troubleshooting”
chapter.
ETHERNET
1, 2, 3, 4
Green
Cisco 804 IDSL routers only.
On when the Ethernet device is connected.
Off when the Ethernet device is not connected.
Blinks when the connection has a problem. See the “Troubleshooting”
chapter.
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LEDs
Table 1-3
LED Functions (continued)
LED
Color
Function
CH1
Orange
Blinks when placing or receiving a call on the first ISDN B channel.
On when a call is connected on the first ISDN B channel.
For IDSL routers, see the Note following this table.
CH1 RXD
Orange
Blinks when packets are received from the first ISDN B channel.
CH1 TXD
Orange
Blinks when packets are sent from the first ISDN B channel.
CH2
Orange
Blinks when placing or receiving a call on the second ISDN B channel.
On when a call is connected on the second ISDN B channel.
For IDSL routers, see the Note following this table.
CH2 RXD
Orange
Blinks when packets are received from the second ISDN B channel.
CH2 TXD
Orange
Blinks when packets are sent from the second ISDN B channel.
PH1,PH2
Green
Cisco 803 and 804 routers only.
On when basic telephone service is in use.
LINK
Green
On back panel of Cisco 801, 802, and 802 IDSL routers only.
On when Ethernet device is connected.
Blinks when the connection has a problem. Refer to the “Troubleshooting”
chapter.
Note
On Cisco 802 IDSL and Cisco 804 IDSL routers, either CH1 or CH2 is on if the router has an active data
connection and the line speed is 64 kbps. CH1 and CH2 are both on if the router has an active data
connection and the line speed is 128 or 144 kbps.
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C H A P T E R
2
Installation
This chapter provides information on the following topics:
•
Safety
•
European Union Statements
•
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
•
Preventing Router Damage
•
Unpacking Your Router
•
Preinstallation Activities
•
Installing Your Router
•
Mounting Your Router
•
Verifying Installation
•
Where to Go from Here
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Safety
Safety
Before installing the router, read the following warnings:
Warning
Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install or replace this equipment.
Warning
Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power source.
Warning
Before working on a system that has a standby/off switch, turn the power to standby and unplug the
power cord.
Warning
Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry (including rings,
necklaces, and watches). Metal objects will heat up when connected to power and ground and can
cause serious burns or weld the metal object to the terminals.
Warning
The ISDN connection is regarded as a source of voltage that should be inaccessible to user contact.
Do not attempt to tamper with or open any public telephone operator (PTO)-provided equipment or
connection hardware. Any hardwired connection (other than by a nonremovable,
connect-one-time-only plug) must be made only by PTO staff or suitably trained engineers.
Warning
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits to telephone-network
voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some
LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45 connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national laws and regulations.
Warning
If the symbol of suitability with an overlaid cross ( ) appears above a port, you must not connect the
port to a public network that follows the European Union standards. Connecting the port to this type
of public network can cause severe injury or damage your router
European Union Statements
The following statements apply to Cisco 801 routers and Cisco 803 routers sold in the European Union
(EU).
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Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
Network Termination Point Statement
This product does not contain a “Network Termination Point” (NTP) as defined by ETSI 300 386-2. This
product is classified by the manufacturer as “Terminal Equipment.” If you have any additional questions,
please contact your local network operator.
ISDN S/T Ports Statement
These ports have not been classified as “directly connected ports” to outside cables as defined by
CISPR 24, 1997 by the manufacturer. If you have any additional questions, please contact your local
network operator.
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is a transfer of electrostatic charge between bodies of different
electrostatic potentials, such as a person and a piece of electrical equipment. It occurs when electronic
components are improperly handled, and it can damage equipment and impair electrical circuitry.
Electrostatic discharge is more likely to occur with the combination of synthetic fibers and dry
atmosphere.
Always use the following ESD-prevention procedures when removing and replacing components:
1.
Connect the chassis to earth ground with a wire that you provide.
2.
Wear an ESD-preventive wrist strap that you provide, ensuring that it makes good skin contact.
Connect the clip to an unpainted surface of the chassis frame to safely channel unwanted ESD
voltages to ground. To properly guard against ESD damage and shocks, the wrist strap and cord must
operate effectively. If no wrist strap is available, ground yourself by touching the metal part of the
chassis. Always follow the guidelines in the preceding section, “Safety.”
3.
Do not touch any exposed contact pins or connector shells of interface ports that do not have a cable
attached.
If cables are connected at one end only, do not touch the exposed pins at the unconnected end of the
cable.
Note
Caution
This device is intended for use in residential and commercial environments only.
Periodically check the resistance value of the antistatic strap, which should be between 1 and 10
megohms (Mohms).
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Preventing Router Damage
Preventing Router Damage
Use the following guidelines when connecting devices to your router:
Warning
•
Connect the color-coded cables supplied by Cisco Systems to the color-coded ports on the back
panel.
•
If you must supply your own cable, see the “Cabling Specifications” section in Appendix B,
“Specifications and Cables.” If this appendix does not provide specifications for a particular cable,
we strongly recommend ordering the cable from Cisco Systems.
•
If the symbol of suitability ( ) appears above a port, you can connect the port directly to a public
network that follows the European Union standards.
If the symbol of suitability with an overlaid cross ( ) appears above a port, you must not connect the
port to a public network that follows the European Union standards. Connecting the port to this type
of public network can cause severe injury or damage your router.
Unpacking Your Router
Table 2-1 lists the items that come with your router. All these items are in the accessory kit that is inside
the box that your router came in. If any of the items is missing or damaged, contact your customer service
representative.
Table 2-1
Router Box Contents
•
Power cord (black)
•
Desktop power supply
•
Console cable (light blue)
•
DB-9-to-RJ-45 adapter for use with light blue console cable
•
ISDN ST cable (orange) (Cisco 801 and 803 routers)
•
Ethernet cable (yellow)
•
ISDN U or IDSL cable (red) (Cisco 802, 802 IDSL, 804, and
804 IDSL routers)
•
RJ-45-to-RJ-11 adapter cable for use with red ISDN U cable
•
Product documentation
Preinstallation Activities
Before you begin installing your Cisco 800 series router, perform the following steps:
Step 1
Order an ISDN BRI line from your telephone service provider. For more information, refer to the Cisco
800 Series Routers Software Configuration Guide.
Step 2
If you have a Cisco 801 or Cisco 803 router, do the following:
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•
If you are outside of North America, ask your telephone service provider if you must provide an
external Network Termination 1 (NT1) and the ISDN U cable that connects the NT1 to the ISDN
wall jack. Ask for NT1 vendors if necessary.
•
If you are in North America, ask your telephone service provider for external NT1 vendors. Provide
the ISDN U cable that connects the NT1 to the ISDN wall jack.
Step 3
Be aware of Ethernet, ISDN, and IDSL cable distance limitations. For more information, see the
“Maximum Cable Distances” section in Appendix B, “Specifications and Cables.”
Step 4
Gather the Ethernet devices to be connected to the router: hub, server, workstation, or PC with 10- or
10/100-Mbps network interface card (NIC).
Step 5
If you have a Cisco 801 or Cisco 803 router and plan to connect a digital telephone, you must provide
an NT1 with two S/T interfaces and one U interface, a telephone cable to connect the telephone (usually
this cable is provided with the device), and an ISDN U cable that connects the NT1 to the ISDN wall
jack.
Step 6
If you have a Cisco 803 or Cisco 804 router, gather the devices (such as an analog telephone, fax
machine, or modem) that you plan on connecting to the router. You must also provide the telephone cable
to connect each device (usually this cable is provided with the device).
Step 7
If you plan to configure the software using a terminal or PC connected to the router, provide the terminal
or PC.
Step 8
If you plan to mount your router on a wall or vertical surface, you need to provide two number-six,
3/4-in. (M3.5 x 20 mm) screws. If the wall on which you mount your router is drywall, you instead need
to provide two hollow wall-anchors (1/8-in. with 5/16-in. drill bit or M3 with 8-mm drill bit) to secure
the screws.
Step 9
If you plan to use the cable lock feature, you need to provide a Kensington or equivalent locking cable.
Installing Your Router
To install the Cisco 800 series routers, you need to perform the following tasks in the following order:
1.
Connect the Ethernet devices to the router.
2.
Connect the ISDN or IDSL line to the router.
3.
If you have a Cisco 801 or Cisco 803 router, connect an optional digital telephone.
4.
If you have a Cisco 803 or Cisco 804 router, connect an optional analog telephone, fax, or modem.
5.
Connect a terminal or PC to the router (for software configuration using the command-line interface
[CLI] or for troubleshooting).
6.
Connect the router to the power source.
7.
Mount your router.
8.
Verify the router installation.
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Installing Your Router
Connecting Ethernet Devices
Table 2-2 lists the Ethernet devices you can connect to the router, connections for each device, and the
settings of the router HUB/NO HUB or TO HUB/TO PC button (the default setting is IN).
Table 2-2
Connecting Ethernet Devices
Ethernet Cable
Type1
Router HUB/NO
HUB, TO
HUB/TO PC
Button Setting
Network
Device
Button
Setting2
Hub with equivalent to Cisco 801 and 802
router HUB/NO HUB routers: Ethernet port
button
Cisco 803 and 804
routers: Ethernet port Ø
Straight-through
IN
MDI (IN)
Hub with equivalent to Cisco 801 and 802
router HUB/NO HUB routers: Ethernet port
button
Cisco 803 and 804
routers: Ethernet port Ø
Straight-through
OUT
MDI-X
(OUT)
Hub with equivalent to Cisco 802 IDSL router:
router TO HUB/TO PC Ethernet port
button
Cisco 804 IDSL router:
Ethernet port 1
Straight-through
IN
MDI (IN)
Hub with equivalent to Cisco 802 IDSL router:
router TO HUB/TO PC Ethernet port
button
Cisco 804 IDSL router:
Ethernet port 1
Straight-through
OUT
MDI (OUT)
Hub with equivalent to Cisco 803 and 804
router HUB/NO HUB routers:
button
Ethernet ports 1, 2, 3
Straight-through
N/A3
MDI (IN)
Hub with equivalent to Cisco 804 IDSL router:
router TO HUB/TO PC Ethernet ports 2, 3, 4
button
Straight-through
N/A4
MDI (IN)
Hub without equivalent Cisco 801 and 802
to router HUB/NO
routers: Ethernet port
HUB button
Cisco 803 and 804
routers: Ethernet port Ø
Straight-through
OUT
MDI-X
(OUT)
Hub without equivalent Cisco 802 IDSL router:
to router TO HUB/TO Ethernet port
PC button
Cisco 804 IDSL router:
Ethernet port 1
Straight-through
OUT
MDI-X
(OUT)
Hub without equivalent Cisco 803 and 804
to router HUB/NO
routers:
HUB button
Ethernet ports 1, 2, 3
Crossover
N/A3
MDI-X
(OUT)
Hub without equivalent Cisco 804 IDSL router:
to router TO HUB/TO Ethernet ports 2, 3, 4
PC button
Crossover
N/A4
MDI-X
(OUT)
Network Device
Connected to Router
Router Port
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Table 2-2
Connecting Ethernet Devices (continued)
Network Device
Connected to Router
Router Port
Ethernet Cable
Type1
Router HUB/NO
HUB, TO
HUB/TO PC
Button Setting
Network
Device
Button
Setting2
Server, PC, or
workstation
Cisco 801 and 802
routers: Ethernet port
Cisco 803 and 804
routers: Ethernet port Ø
Straight-through
OUT
N/A
Server, PC, or
workstation
Cisco 802 IDSL router:
Ethernet port
Cisco 804 IDSL router:
Ethernet port 1
Straight-through
OUT
N/A
Server, PC, or
workstation
Cisco 803 and 804
routers:
Ethernet ports 1, 2, 3
Straight-through
N/A3
N/A
Server, PC, or
workstation
Cisco 804 IDSL router:
Ethernet ports 2, 3, 4
Straight-through
N/A4
N/A
1. Cisco provides a yellow straight-through cable. You provide crossover or additional straight-through cables. For details on
cables, refer to Appendix B, “Specifications and Cables.”
2. Hub vendors choose different names for the button controlling cable selections. This table uses the Cisco 1528 Micro Hub
10/100 with an MDI/MDI-X button as an example. Determine the button name and setting for your particular hub. Refer to
your hub documentation for details.
3. On Cisco 803 and Cisco 804 routers, the HUB/NO HUB button affects only Ethernet port Ø.
4. On Cisco 804 IDSL routers, the TO HUB/TO PC button affects only Ethernet port 1.
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Connecting Hubs
If you have a Cisco 803, 804, or 804 IDSL router, you can connect as many as four hubs.
Before connecting a hub, see Table 2-2, and do the following:
•
Choose Ethernet cables.
•
On the router, set the HUB/NO HUB or TO HUB/TO PC button.
•
On the hub, set the HUB/NO HUB button or its equivalent.
Follow the steps in Figure 2-1 to connect a hub to a Cisco 800 series ISDN or IDSL router. This figure
shows a Cisco 803 router with four Ethernet ports.
Caution
Figure 2-1
Always connect the yellow cable or an Ethernet cable to the yellow ports on the router. Do not connect
the cable to an ISDN S/T or U port, to an IDSL port, or to an NT1. Connecting the cable to the wrong
port or NT1 can damage your router.
Connecting a Hub
1. Set HUB/NO HUB
or TO HUB/TO PC button.
HUB
NO HU
ETHER
NET 10
B
Cisco 803 router
Cisco 80
3
BASE T
CONSOL
E
0
2. Connect cable to:
• Yellow Ethernet
port on Cisco 801,
802 or 802 IDSL router.
• Any yellow Ethernet
port on Cisco 803,
804, or 804 IDSL router.
1
ISDN S/T
PHONE
2
3
1
2
Cisco Micro Hub 10/100
1X
2X ETH
ERNET
3X
4X
1 2 3
4
5 6 7
8
6X
7X
8X
MDI
3. Connect other
end of cable
to hub.
MDI-X
11674
SPEED
LED
100Bas
eTX SO
10Base
LID
T BLI
NK
4. If applicable, check
setting of hub
equivalent of router
HUB/NO HUB button.
To verify your hub connection, verify that one of the following LEDs is on after you have completed the
router installation:
•
LINK LED on the Cisco 801, 802, or 802 IDSL back panel.
•
LKØ, LK1, LK2, or LK3 LED on the Cisco 803 or Cisco 804 front panel.
•
ETHERNET 1, 2, 3, or 4 LED on the Cisco 804 IDSL front panel.
If the LED is not on, see Table 3-2 in Chapter 3, “Troubleshooting.”
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Connecting a Server, PC, or Workstation
Before connecting the server, PC, or workstation, refer to Table 2-2 to determine how to set the router
HUB/NO HUB or TO HUB/TO PC button. Ensure that your device has a 10- or 10/100-Mbps NIC.
To connect one of these devices to a Cisco 800 series ISDN or IDSL router, follow the steps in
Figure 2-2.
Caution
Figure 2-2
Always connect the yellow cable or an Ethernet cable to the yellow ports on the router. Do not connect
the cable to an ISDN S/T or U port, to an IDSL port, or to an NT1. Connecting the cable to the wrong
port or NT1 can damage your router.
Connecting a Server, PC, or Workstation
1. Set HUB/NO HUB
or TO HUB/TO PC button.
HUB
NO HU
ETHERN
Cisco 80
3
ET 10 BA
B
Cisco 803 router
SE T
CONSOL
E
0
1
ISDN S/T
PHONE
2
3
1
2
2. Connect cable to:
• Yellow Ethernet port on Cisco 801,
Cisco 802, or Cisco 802 IDSL router.
• Any yellow port on Cisco 803,
Cisco 804, or Cisco 804 IDSL router.
11675
OK
SER 0
AUX
LAN
ETH
PC
3. Connect other end of cable
to server, PC, or workstation.
To verify your connection, verify that one of the following LEDs is on after you have completed router
installation:
•
LINK LED on the Cisco 801, 802, or 802 IDSL back panel.
•
LKØ, LK1, LK2, or LK3 LED on the Cisco 803 or Cisco 804 front panel.
•
ETHERNET 1, 2, 3, or 4 LED on the Cisco 804 IDSL front panel.
If the LED is not on, see Table 3-2 in Chapter 3, “Troubleshooting.”
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Connecting an ISDN Line
The procedure to connect an ISDN line depends on the router and in some cases your location. The
following sections describe the following procedures:
•
Connecting an ISDN Line to Cisco 801 and Cisco 803 Routers
•
Connecting an ISDN Line to Cisco 802 and Cisco 804 Routers
Connecting an ISDN Line to Cisco 801 and Cisco 803 Routers
Outside of North America, you might need to provide an external NT1 device and the ISDN U cable that
connects the NT1 to the ISDN wall jack. Contact your telephone service provider to supply the following
information:
•
Whether you must supply an external NT1 and the ISDN U cable.
•
If necessary, the names of NT1 vendors.
In North America, you must provide an external NT1 and the ISDN U cable that connects the NT1 to the
ISDN wall jack. Contact your telephone service provider for a list of NT1 vendors.
To connect an ISDN line to a Cisco 801 or Cisco 803 router without an external NT1, follow the steps
in Figure 2-3 on page 2-11.
To connect an ISDN line to a Cisco 801 or Cisco 803 router with an external NT1, follow the steps in
Figure 2-4 on page 2-11.
Warning
Network hazardous voltages are present in the ISDN cable. If you detach the ISDN cable, detach the
end away from the router first to avoid possible electric shock. Network hazardous voltages also are
present on the system card in the area of the ISDN port (RJ-45 connector), regardless of when power
is turned to standby.
Warning
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.
Warning
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger telecommunications line cord.
Caution
Always connect the orange cable to the orange ISDN S/T port on the router. Do not connect the cable to
a yellow Ethernet port. This will damage your router.
Caution
The Cisco 800 series routers do not support the Australian IUT requirement, which specifies that the
routers must communicate for 1/2 hour after a power failure. If a power failure occurs, a Cisco 800 series
router stops communicating with other devices.
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Figure 2-3
Connecting an ISDN Line to Cisco 801 and Cisco 803 Routers (without External NT1)
Cisco 803 router
ETHER
NET 10
B
Cisco 80
3
BASE T
CONSOL
E
0
1
ISDN S/T
11677
HUB
NO HU
PHONE
2
3
1
2
1. Connect orange cable
to orange ISDN S/T port.
ISDN wall jack
2. Connect other end of
cable to ISDN wall jack.
Figure 2-4
Connecting ISDN to Cisco 801 and Cisco 803 Routers (with External NT1)
Cisco 803 router
HUB
NO HU
ETHERN
Cisco 80
ET 10 BA
B
3
SE T
CONSOL
E
0
1
ISDN S/T
PHONE
2
3
1
5. Connect NT1
power cord to
electrical outlet.
2
1. Connect orange cable
to orange ISDN S/T port.
NT1
ISDN wall jack
11676
2. Connect other end
of cable to NT1.
3. Connect ISDN U
cable to NT1.
4. Connect other end of
cable to ISDN wall jack.
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Connecting an ISDN Line to Cisco 802 and Cisco 804 Routers
To connect an ISDN line to Cisco 802 and Cisco 804 routers, follow the steps in Figure 2-5.
Warning
Network hazardous voltages are present in the ISDN cable. If you detach the ISDN cable, detach the
end away from the router first to avoid possible electric shock. Network hazardous voltages also are
present on the system card in the area of the ISDN port (RJ-45 connector), regardless of when power
is turned to standby.
Warning
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.
Warning
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger telecommunications line cord.
Caution
Always connect the red cable to the red ISDN U port on the router. Do not connect the cable to a yellow
Ethernet port. This will damage your router.
Caution
The Cisco 800 series routers do not support the Australian IUT requirement, which specifies that the
routers must communicate for 1/2 hour after a power failure. If a power failure occurs, a Cisco 800 series
router stops communicating with other devices.
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Installing Your Router
Figure 2-5
Connecting ISDN to Cisco 802 or Cisco 804 Routers
Cisco 804 router
HUB
NO HU
B
Cisco 80
ETHERN
ET 10 BA
SE T
4
CONSOL
E
ISDN U
0
1
2
PHONE
3
1
2
ISDN wall jack
1. Connect red cable
to red ISDN U port.
2. Connect other end of
cable to ISDN wall jack.
11678
ISDN
wall jack
RJ-45-to-RJ-11
adapter cable
If your wall jack has an RJ-11 connector,
attach RJ-45-to-RJ-11 adapter cable
to red cable, and then connect RJ-11
connector to ISDN wall jack.
Connecting an IDSL Line
Warning
Network hazardous voltages are present in the IDSL cable. If you detach the IDSL cable, detach the
end away from the router first to avoid possible electric shock. Network hazardous voltages also are
present on the system card in the area of the IDSL port (RJ-45 connector), regardless of when power
is turned to standby.
Warning
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.
Warning
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger telecommunications line cord.
Caution
Always connect the red cable to the red IDSL port on the router. Do not connect the cable to a yellow
Ethernet port. This will damage your router.
Caution
Cisco 802 IDSL and Cisco 804 IDSL routers do not support the Australian IUT requirement, which
specifies that the routers must communicate for 1/2 hour after a power failure. If a power failure occurs,
a Cisco 802 IDSL or 804 IDSL router stops communicating with other devices.
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Installing Your Router
To connect an IDSL line to Cisco 802 IDSL and Cisco 804 IDSL routers, follow the steps in Figure 2-6.
Figure 2-6
Connecting the IDSL Cable to Cisco IDSL Routers
Cisco 804 IDSL router
TO HUB
TO PC
ETHERN
Cisco 80
4 IDSL
ET 10 BA
SE T
CONSOL
E
IDSL
1
2
3
4
IDSL wall jack
1. Connect red cable
to red IDSL port.
2. Connect other end of
cable to IDSL wall jack.
30773
IDSL
wall jack
RJ-45-to-RJ-11
adapter cable
If your wall jack has an RJ-11 connector,
attach RJ-45-to-RJ-11 adapter cable
to red cable, and then connect RJ-11
connector to IDSL wall jack.
Connecting a Digital Telephone
You can connect a digital telephone, also known as an ISDN telephone, to the ISDN S/T port on Cisco
801 and Cisco 803 routers. This device connects to basic telephone services through the ISDN line.
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Installing Your Router
To connect a digital telephone, follow the steps in Figure 2-7. You must provide the following
equipment:
•
NT1 with two S/T interfaces and one U interface.
•
Telephone cable to connect digital telephone. (This cable is usually provided with the telephone.)
•
ISDN U cable that connects the NT1 to the ISDN wall jack.
Figure 2-7
Connecting Digital Telephone to Cisco 801 and Cisco 803 Routers
Cisco 803 router
HUB
NO HU
ETHERN
Cisco 80
ET 10 BA
B
3
SE T
CONSOL
E
0
1
ISDN S/T
PHONE
2
3
1
2
6. Connect NT1
power cord to
electrical outlet.
1. Connect orange cable
to orange ISDN S/T port.
NT1
2. Connect other
end of cable
to NT1.
ISDN wall jack
14817
Digital telephone
4. Connect ISDN U
cable to NT1.
5. Connect other end of
cable to ISDN wall jack.
3. Connect telephone
cable to digital
telephone.
Connecting an Analog Telephone, Fax, or Modem
If you have Cisco 803 or Cisco 804 routers, you can connect two devices, such as an analog touch-tone
telephone, fax machine, or modem. Each device is connected to basic telephone services through the
ISDN line.
To connect an analog telephone, fax machine, or modem, follow the steps in Figure 2-8. You must
provide the telephone cable to connect each device. The telephone cable is usually provided with the
device.
The gray PHONE 1 and PHONE 2 ports are RJ-11 connectors. If you are outside of North America, you
must buy and attach adapters that allow your telephones, faxes, or modems to be connected to these
RJ-11 connectors. In some countries, these adapters need additional electronics to convert the
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Chapter 2
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Installing Your Router
telephones, faxes, or modems to work properly with the router phone ports. For example, in the
United Kingdom, you must buy an adapter that also provides a master socket, which causes incoming
calls to ring the connected devices. For information on recommended master sockets, see Table 2-3.
Warning
This equipment contains a ring signal generator (ringer), which is a source of hazardous voltage. Do
not touch the RJ-11 (phone) port wires (conductors), the conductors of a cable connected to the RJ-11
port, or the associated circuit-board when the ringer is active. The ringer is activated (indicated by a
clicking sound) by an incoming call.
Caution
Do not connect the router telephone ports to the telephone wall jack. These ports are not meant for direct
connection to a public network. This connection can damage your router.
Figure 2-8
Connecting an Analog Telephone, Fax, or Modem to Cisco 803 and Cisco 804 Routers
Cisco 804 router
HUB
NO HU
ETHERN
Cisco 80
4
ET 10 BA
B
SE T
CONSOL
E
ISDN U
0
1
PHONE
2
3
1
2
1. Connect telephone cable to
gray PHONE 1 or PHONE 2 port.
If you are connecting only one
device, use PHONE 1 port.
11679
Analog
telephone
2. Connect other end of
cable to telephone,
fax machine, or modem.
Table 2-3
Recommended Vendors for United Kingdom Master Sockets
Vendor Name
Product Name
For More Information
RS Components
Avro Pacific Telephone Ring
http://www.rswww.com/
Adapter (part number 303-2000)
Tandy
Export Adapter
(part number 2797057)
http://www.tandy.co.uk/
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Installing Your Router
Connecting a Terminal or PC
You can connect either a terminal or a PC from which you can configure the software via the CLI or
troubleshoot. To connect a terminal or PC, follow the steps in Figure 2-9.
Figure 2-9
Connecting Terminal or PC
HUB
NO HU
ETHER
B
NET 10
11680
Cisco 804 router
Cisco 80
4
BASE T
CONSOL
E
ISDN U
0
1
PHONE
2
3
1
2
1. Connect light blue cable
to light blue CONSOLE port.
3. Connect DB-9
connector to
terminal or PC.
DB-X-to-RJ-45
adapter
2. If necessary, connect other end of
cable to either DB-9-to-RJ-45 adapter
or DB-25-to-RJ-45 adapter.
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Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting Your Router
Connecting the Power Supply
To connect the power supply, follow the steps in Figure 2-10.
Warning
The device is designed to work with TN power systems.
Warning
This product relies on the building’s installation for short-circuit (overcurrent) protection. Ensure that
a fuse or circuit breaker no larger than 120 VAC, 15A U.S. (240 VAC, 16A international) is used on the
phase conductors (all current-carrying conductors).
Warning
This equipment is intended to be grounded. Ensure that the host is connected to earth ground during
normal use.
Figure 2-10 Connecting the Power Supply
1. Press power switch to standby (
).
Cisco 803 router
HUB
NO HU
ETHERN
Cisco 80
3
ET 10 BA
B
SE T
CONSOL
E
1
PHONE
2
11673
0
ISDN S/T
3
2. Connect power
supply cable.
1
2
5. Press power switch to on ( ).
Desktop power supply
3. Connect power cord
to power supply.
4. Connect other end
of power cord to
electrical outlet.
Mounting Your Router
You can mount your router on one of the following surfaces:
•
Table or other horizontal surface
•
Wall or other vertical surface
Mounting on a Table
You can mount your router on a table or other horizontal surface. Use the following guidelines:
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Installation
Mounting Your Router
•
Do not cover or obstruct router vents, which are located on the router sides.
•
You can stack a maximum of five routers atop one another.
Mounting on a Wall
You can mount your router on a wall or other vertical surface by using the molded mounting brackets on
the bottom of the router and two number-six, 3/4-in. (M3.5 x 20 mm) screws. You must provide the
screws. Figure 2-11 shows the mounting brackets.
Caution
If the wall to which you mount your router is drywall, use two hollow wall-anchors (1/8-in. with 5/16-in.
drill bit or M3 with 8-mm drill bit) to secure the screws. If the screws are not properly anchored, the
strain of the network cable connections could pull the router from the wall.
Figure 2-11 Wall-Mounting Brackets (Bottom of Router)
Front panel of router
Mounting
bracket
Mounting
bracket
7 58 in. (19.35 cm)
11671
Bottom
of router
When mounting the router, the following conditions must be met:
•
Because you will use the LEDs as status and problem indicators, the LEDs on the front panel must
face upward and be easily visible.
•
The back panel must face downward to reduce strain on the cable connections.
•
The power supply must rest on a horizontal surface such as the floor or a table. If the power supply
is not supported, it might place strain on the power supply cable and cause it to disconnect from the
connector on the router back panel.
To mount the router, follow the steps in Figure 2-12. The last page of this manual provides a template
for measuring the distance between the screws.
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Chapter 2
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Verifying Installation
Figure 2-12 Mounting Router on Wall
5
1. Secure two screws 7 8 inches
(19.35 cm) apart in a wall
and 18 in. (0.32 cm) from
the wall.
.
5 in
Front panel
m)
Wall-mount
screw
5c
.3
19
(
7 8
Wall
Mounting
brackets
Wall-mount
screw
2. Hang router
on screws.
in. (0.32 cm)
11672
1
8
Wall
Screw
Maximum distance
6 ft (18 m)
3. Place power supply
on horizontal surface.
Verifying Installation
Verify the cable connections (links) by checking the LEDs listed in Table 2-4. If the LEDs are not on,
see Chapter 3, “Troubleshooting.”
The LINK LED is on the back panel of Cisco 801 and Cisco 802 routers.
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Installation
Verifying Installation
Table 2-4
Verifying Installation
Power/Link
LEDs To Check
Normal Patterns
Power
OK
On
To hub, server,
PC, or
workstation
•
Cisco 801, 802, and 802
IDSL routers: LINK, LAN,
LAN RXD, and LAN TXD
•
Cisco 803 and Cisco 804
routers:
LKØ, LK1, LK2, LK3,
LAN, LAN RXD, and LAN
TXD
•
•
LINK, LKØ, LK1, LK2, LK3, ETHERNET
1, 2, 3, 4, LAN: On. LAN is on when
indicated Ethernet port sends or receives a
packet.
•
LAN RXD: blinking when an Ethernet port
receives a packet.
•
LAN TXD: blinking when an Ethernet port
sends a packet.
•
LINE, CH1, and CH2: On. CH1 or CH2 is
on when the router has an active voice or
data connection.
•
CH1 RXD, CH2 RXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel receives a
packet.
•
CH1 TXD, CH2 TXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel sends a packet.
•
NT1, LINE, CH1, and CH2: On. CH1 or
CH2 is on when the router has an active
voice or data connection.
•
CH1 RXD, CH2 RXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel receives a
packet.
•
CH1 TXD, CH2 TXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel sends a packet.
•
NT1, LINE, CH1, and CH2: On. CH1 or
CH2 is on when the router has an active
data connection and the line speed is 64
kbps. CH1 and CH2 are both on when the
router has an active data connection and the
line speed is 128 or 144 kbps.
•
CH1 RXD, CH2 RXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel receives a
packet.
•
CH1 TXD, CH2 TXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel sends a packet.
Cisco 804 IDSL router:
ETHERNET LAN, RXD,
TXD, 1, 2, 3, and 4
To ISDN network LINE, CH1, CH1 RXD, CH1
using ISDN S/T
TXD, CH2, CH2 RXD, and CH2
port
TXD
To ISDN network NT1, LINE, CH1, CH1 RXD,
using ISDN
CH1 TXD, CH2, CH2 RXD, and
U port
CH2 TXD
To IDSL network NT1, LINE, CH1, CH1 RXD,
using IDSL port
CH1 TXD, CH2, CH2 RXD, and
CH2 TXD
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Chapter 2
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Where to Go from Here
Table 2-4
Verifying Installation (continued)
Power/Link
LEDs To Check
To digital
telephone
LINE, CH1, CH1 RXD, CH1
TXD, CH2, CH2 RXD, and CH2
TXD
To analog
PH1 and PH21
telephone, fax, or
modem
Normal Patterns
•
LINE, CH1, and CH2: On. CH1 or CH2 is
on when the router has an active voice
connection.
•
CH1 RXD, CH2 RXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel receives a
packet.
•
CH1 TXD, CH2 TXD: Blinking when
indicated ISDN B channel sends a packet.
On when telephone, fax, or modem is in use.
1. You can also pick up the handset and listen for a dial tone.
Where to Go from Here
You have completed the hardware installation and are ready to configure the software. Cisco strongly
recommends that inexperienced network administrators use the Cisco 800 Fast Step application. Use the
Cisco 800 Fast Step CD-ROM and online help. If you are an experienced network administrator and want
to use the CLI to configure the software, refer to the Cisco 800 Series Routers Software Configuration
Guide.
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C H A P T E R
3
Troubleshooting
This chapter describes problems that could occur with the Cisco 800 series router hardware, reasons for
the problems, and steps to solve the problems. The problems are grouped as follows:
•
Problems during first startup
•
Problems after first startup
•
Problems after router is running
For information on problems that could occur with the software, refer to the Cisco 800 Series Routers
Software Configuration Guide.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Problems During First Startup
Problems During First Startup
Table 3-1 lists problems that could occur after you turn on the power switch for the first time.
Table 3-1
Problems During First Startup
Symptom
Problem
Solutions
All LEDs,
including OK
LED, are off.
No power to
router.
Perform the following steps in the following order:
•
Make sure that the power switch is ON.
•
Make sure that all connections to and from the power
supply are securely connected.
•
Make sure that the power outlet has power.
•
If the problem continues, the router might have a faulty
power supply. Contact your Cisco reseller.
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Troubleshooting
Problems After First Startup
Problems After First Startup
Table 3-2 lists problems that could occur after the router has power for the first time.
Table 3-2
Problems After First Startup
Symptom
No link to an Ethernet
device. (On Cisco 801,
Cisco 802, and 802
IDSL routers, the LINK
LED on the back panel
is off. On Cisco 803 and
804 routers, the LKØ,
LK1, LK2, or LK3 LED
on the front panel is off.
On the Cisco 804 IDSL
router, the ETHERNET
1, 2, 3, or 4 LED on the
front panel is off.)
No link to ISDN or
IDSL network. (NT1,
LINE, CH1, CH1 RXD,
CH1 TXD, CH2, CH2
RXD, or CH2 TXD
LED is off.)
Problem
•
Solutions
A cable-related
problem:
– Wrong cable.
Perform the following tasks in the following
order:
•
If you supply your own cable, make sure
you are using the right type of cable (either
straight-through or crossover). Check the
cable information in Table 2-2 in Chapter 2,
“Installation.”
•
Check specifications in Table B-13 and
Table B-14 in Appendix B, “Specifications
and Cables,” to make sure the cable
complies. If it does not, replace it.
•
To make sure you have cabled the devices
correctly, see Table 2-2 in Chapter 2,
“Installation.”
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends of
the cable are securely seated.
•
Make sure the cable is not physically
damaged. If it is, replace it.
– Improperly
connected cable.
– Damaged cable.
•
Improperly set router
HUB/NO HUB or
TO HUB/TO PC
button or hub
equivalent of
HUB/NO HUB button
•
To make sure you have set buttons correctly,
see Table 2-2 in Chapter 2, “Installation.”
•
Improperly
functioning network
interface card (NIC)
on server, PC, or
workstation.
•
Run the NIC diagnostic supplied by the
vendor to make sure it is functioning
properly. If it is not, replace it.
•
If the problem continues, call your Cisco
reseller.
•
If outside of North America, contact your
telephone service provider and ask if you
must provide an NT1 and the ISDN U cable
that connects the NT1 to the ISDN wall
jack. In North America, you must provide
an NT1 and the ISDN U cable. Connect
NT1 as described in the “Connecting an
ISDN Line to Cisco 801 and Cisco 803
Routers” section in Chapter 2,
“Installation.”
•
If you have a
Cisco 801 or 803
router in North
America or in parts of
Europe, you might
need to connect the
router to an external
NT1 and connect the
NT1 to an ISDN wall
jack.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Problems After First Startup
Table 3-2
Problems After First Startup (continued)
Symptom
Problem
•
Solutions
One of the following
cable-related
problems:
Perform the following tasks in the following
order:
•
To make sure you have cabled the ISDN or
IDSL port correctly, see the “Connecting an
ISDN Line” or “Connecting an IDSL Line”
sections in Chapter 2, “Installation.”
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends of
each cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure each cable is not physically
damaged. If it is, replace it with a similar
cable.
•
Contact your telephone or Internet service
provider to determine if there is a problem
with your line.
•
If the problem continues, call your Cisco
reseller.
– Improperly
connected cable.
– Damaged cable.
•
No link to digital
telephone.
•
Problem with ISDN
or IDSL line.
One of the following
cable-related
problems:
Perform the following tasks in the following
order:
•
To make sure you have cabled the port
correctly, see the “Connecting a Digital
Telephone” section in Chapter 2,
“Installation.”
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends of
each cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure each cable is not physically
damaged. If it is, replace it.
•
Contact your telephone service provider to
determine if there is a problem with your
line.
•
If the problem continues, call your Cisco
reseller.
– Improperly
connected cable.
– Damaged cable.
•
No link to analog
telephone, fax machine,
or modem. (PH1 or PH2
LED on Cisco 803 and
804 routers is off.)
•
Problem with ISDN
line.
One of the following
cable-related
problems:
Perform the following tasks in the following
order:
•
To make sure you have cabled the telephone
port correctly, see the “Connecting an
Analog Telephone, Fax, or Modem” section
in Chapter 2, “Installation.”
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends of
the cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure the cable is not physically
damaged. If it is, replace it.
– Improperly
connected cable.
– Damaged cable.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Problems After Router Is Running
Table 3-2
Symptom
Problems After First Startup (continued)
Problem
•
Solutions
Problem with ISDN
line.
•
Contact your telephone service provider to
determine if there is a problem with your
line.
•
If the problem continues, call your Cisco
reseller.
Problems After Router Is Running
Table 3-3 lists problems that could occur after the router has been up and running for a while.
Table 3-3
Problems After Router Is Running
Symptom
Problems with Ethernet link.
(On Cisco 801, Cisco 802,
and Cisco 802 IDSL routers,
the LINK LED on the back
panel blinks. On Cisco 803
and 804 routers, the LKØ,
LK1, LK2, or LK3 LED on the
front panel blinks. On the
Cisco 804 IDSL router, the
ETHERNET 1, 2, 3, or 4 LED
on the front panel blinks.)
Problem
•
One of the
following
cable-related
problems:
– Disconnected
cable.
Perform the following tasks in the following
order:
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends
of the cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure the cable is not physically
damaged. If it is, replace it.
•
Run the NIC diagnostic supplied by the
vendor to make sure it is functioning
properly. If it is not, replace it.
•
If the problem continues, call your
Cisco reseller.
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends
of the cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure the cable is not physically
damaged. If it is damaged, replace it.
•
Run the NIC diagnostic supplied by the
vendor to determine if it is functioning
properly. If it is not, replace it.
– Damaged
cable.
•
Connection to an Ethernet
device is intermittent or lost.
(On Cisco 801, 802, and 802
IDSL routers, the LINK LED
on the back panel is off. On
Cisco 803 and 804 routers, the
LKØ, LK1, LK2, or LK3 LED
on the front panel is off. On the
Cisco 804 IDSL router, the
ETHERNET 1, 2, 3, or 4 LED
on the front panel is off.)
Solutions
•
Improperly
functioning NIC on
server, PC, or
workstation.
A cable-related
problem:
– Disconnected
cable.
– Damaged
cable.
•
Improperly
functioning NIC on
server, PC, or
workstation.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Problems After Router Is Running
Table 3-3
Problems After Router Is Running (continued)
Symptom
Problem
Problems with ISDN or IDSL
link. (CH1, CH1 RXD, CH1
TXD, CH2, CH2 RXD, or
CH2 TXD are off.)
•
Solutions
A cable-related
problem:
– Disconnected
•
If the problem continues, call your
Cisco reseller.
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends
of each cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure each cable is not physically
damaged. If one is damaged, replace it.
cable.
– Damaged
cable.
Connection to an ISDN or
IDSL network is lost. (LINE,
CH1, CH1 RXD, CH1 TXD,
CH2, CH2 RXD, or CH2 TXD
LED is off.)
•
Problem with ISDN
or IDSL line.
•
Contact your telephone or Internet
service provider to determine if there is
a problem with your line.
•
A cable-related
problem:
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends
of each cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure each cable is not physically
damaged. If one is damaged, replace it.
•
Contact your telephone or Internet
service provider to determine if there is
a problem with your line.
•
If the problem continues, call your
Cisco reseller.
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends
of each cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure each cable is not physically
damaged. If one is damaged, replace it.
•
Contact your telephone company to
determine if there is a problem with
your line.
•
If the problem continues, call your
Cisco reseller.
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends
of each cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure each cable is not physically
damaged. If one is damaged, replace it.
•
Contact your telephone company to
determine if there is a problem with
your line.
– Disconnected
cable.
– Damaged
cable.
•
Problems with link to digital
or analog telephone.
Symptoms include no dial
tone, a call that is abruptly
disconnected, and an incoming
call that does not cause the
device to ring.
•
A cable-related
problem:
– Disconnected
cable.
– Damaged
cable.
•
Connection to digital
telephone is lost. (LINE, CH1,
CH1 RXD, CH1 TXD, CH2,
CH2 RXD, and CH2 TXD
LEDs on Cisco 801 and 803
routers are off.)
Problem with ISDN
or IDSL line.
•
Problem with ISDN
line.
A cable-related
problem:
– Disconnected
cable.
– Damaged
cable.
•
Problem with ISDN
line.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
When Contacting Your Cisco Reseller
Table 3-3
Problems After Router Is Running (continued)
Symptom
Problem
Connection to analog
telephone, fax machine, or
modem is lost. (PH1 or PH2
LED on Cisco 803 and 804
routers is off.)
•
Solutions
A cable-related
problem:
– Disconnected
•
If the problem continues, call your
Cisco reseller.
•
Make sure the connectors at both ends
of the cable are securely connected.
•
Make sure the cable is not physically
damaged. If it is damaged, replace it.
•
Contact your telephone company to
determine if there is a problem with
your line.
•
If the problem continues, call your
Cisco reseller.
cable.
– Damaged
cable.
•
Problem with ISDN
line.
When Contacting Your Cisco Reseller
Some of the solutions instruct you to contact your Cisco reseller. Before contacting your reseller, have
the following information ready:
•
Router model and serial number (see the back panel of the router)
•
Maintenance agreement or warranty information
•
Date you received your router
•
Brief description of the problem
•
Brief description of the steps you have taken to solve the problem
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
When Contacting Your Cisco Reseller
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C H A P T E R
A
ISDN and IDSL Concepts
This appendix provides further explanation of ISDN and IDSL concepts.
The Cisco 800 series routers provide one basic rate interface (BRI). The ISDN BRI service provided by
your telephone service provider offers two bearer channels (B channels) and one data channel (D
channel). The B channel operates at 64 kbps and carries user data. The D channel operates at 16 kbps
and carries control and signaling information although it can support user data transmission under
certain circumstances.
Cisco 801 and Cisco 803 routers have an ISDN S/T port. Cisco 802 and Cisco 804 routers have an ISDN
U port, and Cisco 802 IDSL and Cisco 804 IDSL routers have an IDSL port.
Outside North America, telephone service providers typically provide an S/T interface. The S/T
interfaces are four-wire (two pairs of wires) interfaces from the phone switch that supports full-duplex
data transfer over two pairs of wires.
In North America, telephone service providers typically provide a U interface. The U interface is a
two-wire (single pair) interface from the phone switch that supports full-duplex data transfer over a
single pair of wires.
Cisco 803 and Cisco 804 routers support data and voice applications. The data applications on these
routers are implemented through the ISDN port on these routers. The voice applications on these routers
are implemented with ISDN BRI and through the telephone ports.
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A-1
Chapter A
ISDN and IDSL Concepts
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A P P E N D I X
B
Specifications and Cables
This appendix provides system, port, and cabling specifications for the Cisco 800 series routers.
System Specifications
Table B-1 outlines the system specifications for the routers.
Table B-1
System Specifications
Description
Design Specification
Physical Dimensions
Dimensions (H x W x D)
2.0 x 9.7 x 8.3 in. (5.1 x 24.6 x 21.1 cm)
Weight (does not include desktop
power supply)
Cisco 801 router: 1.39 lb (0.63 kg)
Cisco 802 router: 1.42 lb (0.64 kg)
Cisco 802 IDSL router: 1.42 lb (0.64 kg)
Cisco 803 router: 1.44 lb (0.65 kg)
Cisco 804 router: 1.45 lb (0.66 kg)
Cisco 804 IDSL router: 1.45 lb (0.66 kg)
Environmental Operating Ranges
Nonoperating temperature
–4 to 149°F (–20 to 65°C)
Nonoperating humidity
5 to 95%, relative humidity
Nonoperating altitude
0 to 15,000 ft (4570 m)
Operating temperature
32 to 104°F (0 to 40°C)
Operating humidity
10 to 85%, relative humidity
Operating altitude
0 to 10,000 ft (3000 m)
Router Power
AC input voltage
100 to 250 VAC
Frequency
50 to 60 Hz
Power consumption
20W
Telephone Port Power
Voltage
-24V
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B-1
Appendix B
Specifications and Cables
Port Connector Pinouts
For information on regulatory compliance, refer to the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information
for Cisco 800 Series Routers document that shipped with your router.
Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national laws and regulations.
Port Connector Pinouts
This section provides pinouts for the following connectors:
•
Ethernet–Table B-2, Table B-3, Table B-4, Table B-5, and Table B-6
•
Console (for connecting a terminal or PC)–Table B-7
•
ISDN S/T–Table B-8
•
ISDN U–Table B-9
•
IDSL–Table B-10
•
Telephone–Table B-11
•
Power–Table B-12
Table B-2
Table B-3
Cisco 801, Cisco 802, and Cisco 802 IDSL Ethernet Connector Pinouts (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
(HUB/NO HUB or
TO HUB/TO PC Button –
IN Position)
Function
(HUB/NO HUB or
TO HUB/TO PC Button –
OUT Position)
1
TX+
RX+
2
TX–
RX–
3
RX+
TX+
4
Unused
Unused
5
Unused
Unused
6
RX–
TX–
7
Unused
Unused
8
Unused
Unused
Cisco 803 and Cisco 804 Ethernet Connector Pinouts for Port Ø Only (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
(HUB/NO HUB
Button – OUT
Position)
Function
(HUB/NO HUB
Button – IN
Position)
TX+
A2
RX–
TX–
TX+
RX+
A4
Unused
Unused
A5
Unused
Unused
A6
TX–
RX–
A7
Unused
Unused
A8
Unused
Unused
Pin
Function
(HUB/NO HUB
Button – OUT
Position)
Function
(HUB/NO HUB
Button – IN
Position)
A1
RX+
A3
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Appendix B
Specifications and Cables
Port Connector Pinouts
Table B-4
Cisco 804 IDSL Ethernet Connector Pinouts for Port 1 Only (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
(TO HUB/TO PC
Button –
OUT Position)
Function
(TO HUB/TO PC
Button –
IN Position)
Pin
Function
(TO HUB/TO PC
Button –
OUT Position)
Function
(TO HUB/TO PC
Button –
IN Position)
A1
RX+
TX+
A2
RX–
TX–
A3
TX+
RX+
A4
Unused
Unused
A5
Unused
Unused
A6
TX–
RX–
A7
Unused
Unused
A8
Unused
Unused
Table B-5
Cisco 803 and Cisco 804 Ethernet Connector Pinouts for
Ports 1, 2, and 3 (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
B1
RX3+
B2
RX3–
B3
TX3+
B4
Unused
B5
Unused
B6
TX3–
B7
Unused
B8
Unused
C1
RX2+
C2
RX2–
C3
TX2+
C4
Unused
C5
Unused
C6
TX2–
C7
Unused
C8
Unused
D1
RX1+
D2
RX1–
D3
TX1+
D4
Unused
D5
Unused
D6
TX1–
D7
Unused
D8
Unused
Table B-6
Cisco 804 IDSL Ethernet Connector Pinouts for
Ports 2, 3, and 4 (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
B1
RX4+
B2
RX4–
B3
TX4+
B4
Unused
B5
Unused
B6
TX4–
B7
Unused
B8
Unused
C1
RX3+
C2
RX3–
C3
TX3+
C4
Unused
C5
Unused
C6
TX3–
C7
Unused
C8
Unused
D1
RX2+
D2
RX2–
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B-3
Appendix B
Specifications and Cables
Port Connector Pinouts
Table B-6
Cisco 804 IDSL Ethernet Connector Pinouts for
Ports 2, 3, and 4 (RJ-45) (continued)
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
D3
TX2+
D4
Unused
D5
Unused
D6
TX2–
D7
Unused
D8
Unused
Table B-7
Console Connector Pinouts (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
1
RTS
2
DTR
3
TXD
4
GND
5
GND
6
RXD
7
DSR
8
CTS
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Appendix B
Specifications and Cables
Port Connector Pinouts
The console port is configured as a data communications equipment (DCE) device. The default
parameters for the console port are as follows:
•
9600 baud
•
8 data bits
•
No parity
•
One stop bit
Table B-8
ISDN S/T Connector Pinouts (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
1
Unused
2
Unused
3
TXD+
4
RXD+
5
RXD–
6
TXD–
7
Unused
8
Unused
Table B-9
ISDN BRI U Connector Pinouts (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
1
Unused
2
Unused
3
Unused
4
U interface network connection (Tip)
5
U interface network connection
(Ring)
6
Unused
7
Unused
8
Unused
Table B-10 IDSL Connector Pinouts (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
1
Unused
2
Unused
3
Unused
4
IDSL interface network connection
(Tip)
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B-5
Appendix B
Specifications and Cables
Cabling Specifications
Table B-10 IDSL Connector Pinouts (RJ-45)
Pin
Function
5
IDSL interface network connection
(Ring)
6
Unused
7
Unused
8
Unused
Table B-11 Telephone Connector Pinouts (RJ-11)
Pin
Function
1
Unused
2
Unused
3
Ring
4
Tip
5
Unused
6
Unused
Table B-12 Power Connector Pinouts
Pin
Function
1
ROF
2
RTN
3
Unused
4
Unused
5
+5
6
RTN
7
–71
8
–24
Cabling Specifications
This section provides the following cabling specifications:
•
Straight-through and crossover Ethernet cables.
•
Ethernet, ISDN, IDSL and telephone cable distance limitations. (A telephone cable connects a
device to a telephone port.)
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Appendix B
Specifications and Cables
Cabling Specifications
Ethernet Cable Specifications
Table B-13 lists the specifications for straight-through and crossover Ethernet cables. Refer to the
Glossary for definitions of straight-through Ethernet cable and crossover Ethernet cable.
Table B-13 Ethernet Cable Specifications
Type
Category
Shielding
10BASE-T
Category 3 or 5
Shielded twisted-pair (STP)
10BASE-T
N/A
Unshielded twisted-pair (UTP)
Maximum Cable Distances
Table B-14 provides the maximum distances of Ethernet, ISDN, IDSL, and telephone cables that you can
use.
Table B-14 Maximum Cable Distances
Cable
Maximum Distance
Ethernet cable
328 ft (100 m)
ISDN S/T and U and IDSL
cables
32.8 ft (10 m)
Telephone cable
500 ft (152 m)
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Appendix B
Specifications and Cables
Cabling Specifications
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GLOSSARY
Numerics
10BASE-T
The 10-Mbps baseband Ethernet specification that uses two pairs of twisted-pair
cabling (Category 3 or 5): one pair for transmitting data and the other for
receiving data.
B
BRI
Basic Rate Interface. An ISDN interface composed of two bearer channels
(B channels) and one data channel (D channel) for circuit-switched
communication of voice, video, and data.
C
Cisco 800 Fast Step
Application
A Windows 95–, Windows 98–, and Windows NT–based software tool that ships
with the Cisco 800 series routers for basic configurations and verification of the
router software configuration. It also monitors the status of the ISDN interface,
error detail, and usage statistics.
crossover Ethernet
cable
A cable that wires a pin to its opposite pin; for example, RX+ is wired to TX+.
This cable connects two similar devices, for example, two data terminal
equipment (DTE) devices or two data communications equipment (DCE)
devices.
D
DRAM
Dynamic RAM that stores information in capacitors that must be refreshed
periodically.
E
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GL-1
Glossary
EMI
Electromagnetic interference. The interference by electromagnetic signals that
can cause reduced data integrity and increased error rates on transmission
channels.
ESD
Electrostatic discharge. A transfer of electrostatic charge between bodies of
different electrostatic potentials, such as an operator and a piece of electrical
equipment. ESD occurs when electronic components are improperly handled
and can damage equipment and impair electrical circuitry. ESD is more likely to
occur with the combination of synthetic fibers and dry atmosphere.
F
Flash memory
The nonvolatile storage that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed so that
data can be stored, booted, and rewritten as necessary.
H
HUB/NO HUB
button
The Cisco 800 series routers provide a HUB/NO HUB button. This button is
associated with the Ethernet port on Cisco 801 and Cisco 802 routers and with
Ethernet port Ø on Cisco 803 and Cisco 804 routers. The setting of this button
determines the cable type (straight-through or crossover) that you use to connect
an Ethernet device. This button is the equivalent of the TO HUB/TO PC button
on the Cisco 802 IDSL and Cisco 804 IDSL routers.
I
IDSL
ISDN Digital Subscriber Line. A digital communication protocol that uses an
ISDN line and supports line rates up to 144 kilobits per second (kbps).
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network. A communication protocol that permits
telephone networks to carry data, voice, and other source traffic.
N
NIC
Network interface card. A board that provides network communication
capabilities to and from a computer system. Also called an adapter.
NT1
Network Termination 1. A device that provides the interface between equipment
on the customer and ISP premises.
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Glossary
S
straight-through
Ethernet cable
A cable that wires a pin to its equivalent pin. This cable connects two dissimilar
devices, for example, a data terminal equipment (DTE) and a data
communications equipment (DCE) device. A straight-through Ethernet cable is
the most common cable used.
T
TO HUB/TO PC
button
The Cisco 802 IDSL and Cisco 804 IDSL routers provide a TO HUB/TO PC
button that is equivalent to the HUB/NO HUB button on the other Cisco 800
series routers. This button is associated with the Ethernet port on the Cisco 802
IDSL router and with Ethernet port 1 on the Cisco 804 IDSL router. The setting
of this button determines the cable type (straight-through or crossover) that you
will use to connect an Ethernet device.
telephone cable
The cable used to connect a device to a telephone port.
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GL-3
Glossary
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INDEX
modem
A
PC
accessory kit
2-4
2-15
2-9, 2-17
power supply
adapter, included
2-4
server
altitude specifications
analog telephone
B-1
2-9
telephones
2-15
2-18
2-14, 2-15
terminal or PC
workstation
2-17
2-9
console port
B
description
back panels, illustrated
B channels
A-1
illustrated
1-2
1-4 to 1-7
conventions, hazard
brackets, illustrated
BRI
1-4 to 1-7
vii
2-19
A-1
D
damage
C
electrostatic discharge (ESD)
cable lock, illustrated
1-4 to 1-7
cables
router, preventing
D channel
and router damage
2-4
distances, maximum
Ethernet, types
DRAM, adding
2-14
1-2
2-6
included with router
specifications
2-4
A-1
digital telephone
B-7
2-4
E
B-6
caution statements, defined
Cisco reseller, contacting
connecting
viii
3-7
electrostatic discharge (ESD), preventing
cable specifications
B-7
2-15
cable types
digital telephone
2-14
devices, connecting
Ethernet devices
2-6
port described
1-2
port illustrated
1-4 to 1-7
hubs
2-15
2-8
2-6
2-6
European Union standards
IDSL line
2-13
ISDN line
2-10 to 2-13
2-3
Ethernet
analog telephone
fax
2-3
2-4
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IN-1
Index
F
fax, connecting
2-15
Flash memory, adding
modem, connecting
2-15
mounting the router
2-18
vii
1-4 to 1-6
N
network device button settings
2-6 to 2-7
NT1 feature
2-6 to 2-7
1-2
2-8
humidity specifications
B-1
P
panels, illustrated
I
PC, connecting
IDSL concepts
1-4 to 1-7
M
1-3
HUB/NO HUB button
hubs, connecting
1-3 to 1-6
B-1
hazard statements, defined
settings
illustrated
locking power connector, illustrated
H
illustrated
1-7
1-2
frequency specifications
front panels, illustrated
described
A-1
1-4 to 1-7
2-9, 2-17
port connector pinouts
IDSL LEDs, illustrated
1-4
IDSL line, connecting
2-13
ports for specific routers
1-3
power
IDSL port
problems
3-2
described
1-2
specifications
illustrated
1-6, 1-7
verifying
installation
B-2 to B-6
B-1
2-20
power supply
verifying
2-20
warnings
2-2
ISDN concepts
connecting
A-1
ISDN line, connecting
1-2
illustrated
1-5
power switch illustrated
1-4 to 1-7
preinstallation activities
2-4
2-10 to 2-13
ISDN S/T port
described
2-18
ISDN U port
R
router
concepts
A-1
described
1-2
damage, preventing
illustrated
1-5, 1-6
features
ports
1-2
1-3
unpacking
L
2-4
2-4, ?? to 2-4
LEDs
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Index
unpacking the router
S
S/T interface
2-4, ?? to 2-4
A-1
safety warnings
V
2-2
server, connecting
2-9
settings, network devices
voltage specifications
specifications
cabling
B-6
system
B-1
B-1
2-6 to 2-7
W
wall brackets, illustrated
startup problems
3-2
wall mounting
T
2-19 to 2-20
warnings, installation
2-2
weight specifications
B-1
workstation, connecting
table mounting
2-19
2-9
2-18
telephone
connecting
2-14, 2-15
ports
described
1-2
illustrated
1-5, 1-6
temperature specifications
terminal, connecting
B-1
2-17
TO HUB/TO PC button
illustrated
settings
1-6 to 1-7
2-6 to 2-7
troubleshooting
3-1
U
U interface
A-1
United Kingdom master sockets
2-16
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Index
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