Installation guide | Cisco Systems 96 Network Router User Manual

Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96
Router Hardware Installation Guide
Corporate Headquarters
Cisco Systems, Inc.
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-1706
USA
http://www.cisco.com
Tel: 408 526-4000
800 553-NETS (6387)
Fax: 408 526-4100
Customer Order Number: DOC-7811438=
Text Part Number: 78-15281-02
THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE PRODUCTS IN THIS MANUAL ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT
NOTICE. ALL STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN THIS MANUAL ARE BELIEVED TO BE ACCURATE BUT
ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR
THEIR APPLICATION OF ANY PRODUCTS.
THE SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY FOR THE ACCOMPANYING PRODUCT ARE SET FORTH IN THE
INFORMATION PACKET THAT SHIPPED WITH THE PRODUCT AND ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE. IF YOU
ARE UNABLE TO LOCATE THE SOFTWARE LICENSE OR LIMITED WARRANTY, CONTACT YOUR CISCO REPRESENTATIVE FOR A
COPY.
The following information is for FCC compliance of Class A devices: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when
the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case users will be required to correct the interference at their own expense.
The following information is for FCC compliance of Class B devices: The equipment described in this manual generates and may radiate
radio-frequency energy. If it is not installed in accordance with Cisco’s installation instructions, it may cause interference with radio and television
reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in
part 15 of the FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
Modifying the equipment without Cisco’s written authorization may result in the equipment no longer complying with FCC requirements for Class
A or Class B digital devices. In that event, your right to use the equipment may be limited by FCC regulations, and you may be required to correct
any interference to radio or television communications at your own expense.
You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco
equipment or one of its peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by
using one or more of the following measures:
• Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.
• Move the equipment to one side or the other of the television or radio.
• Move the equipment farther away from the television or radio.
• Plug the equipment into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the equipment and the television
or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.)
Modifications to this product not authorized by Cisco Systems, Inc. could void the FCC approval and negate your authority to operate the product.
The Cisco implementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program developed by the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) as
part of UCB’s public domain version of the UNIX operating system. All rights reserved. Copyright © 1981, Regents of the University of California.
NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER WARRANTY HEREIN, ALL DOCUMENT FILES AND SOFTWARE OF THESE SUPPLIERS ARE
PROVIDED “AS IS” WITH ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND THE ABOVE-NAMED SUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING FROM A COURSE OF DEALING, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL
DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR
INABILITY TO USE THIS MANUAL, EVEN IF CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES.
CCSP, CCVP, the Cisco Square Bridge logo, Follow Me Browsing, and StackWise are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; Changing the Way We
Work, Live, Play, and Learn, and iQuick Study are service marks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; and Access Registrar, Aironet, ASIST, BPX, Catalyst,
CCDA, CCDP, CCIE, CCIP, CCNA, CCNP, Cisco, the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert logo, Cisco IOS, Cisco Press, Cisco Systems, Cisco
Systems Capital, the Cisco Systems logo, Cisco Unity, Empowering the Internet Generation, Enterprise/Solver, EtherChannel, EtherFast,
EtherSwitch, Fast Step, FormShare, GigaDrive, GigaStack, HomeLink, Internet Quotient, IOS, IP/TV, iQ Expertise, the iQ logo, iQ Net Readiness
Scorecard, LightStream, Linksys, MeetingPlace, MGX, the Networkers logo, Networking Academy, Network Registrar, Packet, PIX, Post-Routing,
Pre-Routing, ProConnect, RateMUX, ScriptShare, SlideCast, SMARTnet, StrataView Plus, TeleRouter, The Fastest Way to Increase Your Internet
Quotient, and TransPath are registered trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and certain other countries.
All other trademarks mentioned in this document or Website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply
a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (0502R)
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
Copyright © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
CONTENTS
Preface xi
Obtaining Documentation xiv
Cisco.com xiv
Documentation DVD xv
Ordering Documentation xv
Documentation Feedback xv
Cisco Product Security Overview xvi
Reporting Security Problems in Cisco Products xvi
Obtaining Technical Assistance xvii
Cisco Technical Support Website xvii
Submitting a Service Request xviii
Definitions of Service Request Severity xix
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information xix
Product Overview 21
Features 22
Router Overview 23
Front Panels 23
Back Panel 24
LED Functions 25
Installation 27
Preparing for Installation 28
Safety 28
Warnings 28
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
vii
Contents
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage 30
Unpacking the Box 31
Preventing Damage to the Router 32
Installing the Router 33
Connecting Ethernet Devices 33
Connecting a Server, PC, or Workstation 33
Connecting an ADSL Line 35
Connecting a Terminal or PC to the Router’s Console Port (Optional) 37
Connecting the AC Adapter 39
Connecting ISDN Port to ISDN Service Provider 40
Using the Router LEDs to Check Links 42
Mounting the Router 43
Mounting on a Table 43
Mounting on a Wall 43
Configuring the Router 46
Checking the PC Configuration 46
Using Cisco Router Web Setup to Configure the Router 47
Troubleshooting 51
Before You Call Your Cisco Reseller 51
Problems During First Startup 52
Problems After Router Is Running 53
Specifications and Cables 55
System Specifications 55
Port Connector Pinouts 56
Cabling Specifications 58
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
viii
78-15281-02
Contents
Ethernet Cable Specifications 58
Maximum Cable Distance 58
58
INDEX
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
ix
Contents
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
x
78-15281-02
Preface
This preface describes the audience for and the organization and conventions used
in this guide. It also identifies related documentation and tells how to access
electronic documentation.
Audience
This guide is written for service technicians who have no experience in installing
routers. The guide is intended to instruct the technicians in connecting the router
to the network as quickly as possible.
Organization
This guide contains the following chapters:
•
Chapter 1, “Product Overview,” describes the features of the Cisco 836 and
Cisco SOHO 96 routers and their features.
•
Chapter 2, “Installation,” provides information on preinstallation procedures,
mounting and connecting the router, configuring of the router, and verifying
the router connections.
•
Chapter 3, “Troubleshooting,” describes problems with the router and tells
how to identify and solve them.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
xi
Preface
•
Appendix A, “Specifications and Cables,” provides Cisco part numbers for
cables that you can order and contains port connector pinouts and
specifications for cables that you might need to provide.
Conventions
This section describes the conventions used in this guide. Refer to the Regulatory
Compliance and Safety document for the Cisco 800 Series and SOHO Series
Routers for applicable translated warnings.
Note
Caution
Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to
additional information and material.
This symbol means reader be careful. In this situation, you might do something
that could result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Warning
This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause
bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards
involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with the standard
practices for preventing accidents.
Waarschuwing
Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een situatie die
lichamelijk letsel kan veroorzaken. Voordat u aan enige apparatuur gaat
werken, dient u zich bewust te zijn van de bij elektrische schakelingen
betrokken risico's en dient u op de hoogte te zijn van standaard
maatregelen om ongelukken te voorkomen.
Varoitus
Tämä varoitusmerkki merkitsee vaaraa. Olet tilanteessa, joka voi johtaa
ruumiinvammaan. Ennen kuin työskentelet minkään laitteiston parissa, ota
selvää sähkökytkentöihin liittyvistä vaaroista ja tavanomaisista
onnettomuuksien ehkäisykeinoista.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
xii
78-15281-02
Preface
Attention
Ce symbole d'avertissement indique un danger. Vous vous trouvez dans une
situation pouvant causer des blessures ou des dommages corporels. Avant
de travailler sur un équipement, soyez conscient des dangers posés par les
circuits électriques et familiarisez-vous avec les procédures couramment
utilisées pour éviter les accidents.
Warnung
Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer Situation,
die zu einer Körperverletzung führen könnte. Bevor Sie mit der Arbeit an
irgendeinem Gerät beginnen, seien Sie sich der mit elektrischen
Stromkreisen verbundenen Gefahren und der Standardpraktiken zur
Vermeidung von Unfällen bewußt.
Avvertenza
Questo simbolo di avvertenza indica un pericolo. La situazione potrebbe
causare infortuni alle persone. Prima di lavorare su qualsiasi
apparecchiatura, occorre conoscere i pericoli relativi ai circuiti elettrici
ed essere al corrente delle pratiche standard per la prevenzione di
incidenti.
Advarsel
Dette varselsymbolet betyr fare. Du befinner deg i en situasjon som kan
føre til personskade. Før du utfører arbeid på utstyr, må du vare
oppmerksom på de faremomentene som elektriske kretser innebærer, samt
gjøre deg kjent med vanlig praksis når det gjelder å unngå ulykker.
Aviso
Este símbolo de aviso indica perigo. Encontra-se numa situação que lhe
poderá causar danos físicos. Antes de começar a trabalhar com qualquer
equipamento, familiarize-se com os perigos relacionados com circuitos
eléctricos, e com quaisquer práticas comuns que possam prevenir
possíveis acidentes.
¡Atención!
Varning!
Este símbolo de aviso significa peligro. Existe riesgo para su integridad
física. Antes de manipular cualquier equipo, considerar los riesgos que
entraña la corriente eléctrica y familiarizarse con los procedimientos
estándar de prevención de accidentes.
Denna varningssymbol signalerar fara. Du befinner dig i en situation som
kan leda till personskada. Innan du utför arbete på någon utrustning måste
du vara medveten om farorna med elkretsar och känna till vanligt
förfarande för att förebygga skador.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
xiii
Preface
Obtaining Documentation
Related Documentation
In addition to this Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation
Guide, the documentation set for these routers includes the following:
•
Cisco 836 and Cisco SOHO 96 Routers Cabling and Setup Quick Start Guide
•
Cisco 800 Series Routers Software Configuration Guide
•
Upgrading Memory in Cisco 800 Series Routers
•
Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco 800 Series and
SOHO Series Routers
You might also need to refer to the following documents:
•
Cisco IOS Release 12.0 Quality of Service Solutions Configuration Guide
•
Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide, Release 12.0
Obtaining Documentation
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available on Cisco.com. Cisco
also provides several ways to obtain technical assistance and other technical
resources. These sections explain how to obtain technical information from Cisco
Systems.
Cisco.com
You can access the most current Cisco documentation at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/home/home.htm
You can access the Cisco website at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com
You can access international Cisco websites at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/public/countries_languages.shtml
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
xiv
78-15281-02
Preface
Documentation Feedback
Documentation DVD
Cisco documentation and additional literature are available in a Documentation
DVD package, which may have shipped with your product. The Documentation
DVD is updated regularly and may be more current than printed documentation.
The Documentation DVD package is available as a single unit.
Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order a Cisco
Documentation DVD (product number DOC-DOCDVD=) from the Ordering tool
or Cisco Marketplace.
Cisco Ordering tool:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/
Cisco Marketplace:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
Ordering Documentation
You can find instructions for ordering documentation at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/es_inpck/pdi.htm
You can order Cisco documentation in these ways:
•
Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order Cisco product
documentation from the Ordering tool:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/
•
Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order documentation through a local
account representative by calling Cisco Systems Corporate Headquarters
(California, USA) at 408 526-7208 or, elsewhere in North America, by
calling 1 800 553-NETS (6387).
Documentation Feedback
You can send comments about technical documentation to bug-doc@cisco.com.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
xv
Preface
Cisco Product Security Overview
You can submit comments by using the response card (if present) behind the front
cover of your document or by writing to the following address:
Cisco Systems
Attn: Customer Document Ordering
170 West Tasman Drive
San Jose, CA 95134-9883
We appreciate your comments.
Cisco Product Security Overview
Cisco provides a free online Security Vulnerability Policy portal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.ht
ml
From this site, you can perform these tasks:
•
Report security vulnerabilities in Cisco products.
•
Obtain assistance with security incidents that involve Cisco products.
•
Register to receive security information from Cisco.
A current list of security advisories and notices for Cisco products is available at
this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt
If you prefer to see advisories and notices as they are updated in real time, you
can access a Product Security Incident Response Team Really Simple Syndication
(PSIRT RSS) feed from this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_psirt_rss_feed.html
Reporting Security Problems in Cisco Products
Cisco is committed to delivering secure products. We test our products internally
before we release them, and we strive to correct all vulnerabilities quickly. If you
think that you might have identified a vulnerability in a Cisco product, contact
PSIRT:
•
Emergencies — security-alert@cisco.com
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
xvi
78-15281-02
Preface
Obtaining Technical Assistance
•
Tip
Nonemergencies — psirt@cisco.com
We encourage you to use Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) or a compatible product to
encrypt any sensitive information that you send to Cisco. PSIRT can work from
encrypted information that is compatible with PGP versions 2.x through 8.x.
Never use a revoked or an expired encryption key. The correct public key to use
in your correspondence with PSIRT is the one that has the most recent creation
date in this public key server list:
http://pgp.mit.edu:11371/pks/lookup?search=psirt%40cisco.com&op=index&ex
act=on
In an emergency, you can also reach PSIRT by telephone:
•
1 877 228-7302
•
1 408 525-6532
Obtaining Technical Assistance
For all customers, partners, resellers, and distributors who hold valid Cisco
service contracts, Cisco Technical Support provides 24-hour-a-day,
award-winning technical assistance. The Cisco Technical Support Website on
Cisco.com features extensive online support resources. In addition, Cisco
Technical Assistance Center (TAC) engineers provide telephone support. If you
do not hold a valid Cisco service contract, contact your reseller.
Cisco Technical Support Website
The Cisco Technical Support Website provides online documents and tools for
troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and
technologies. The website is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, at this
URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
xvii
Preface
Obtaining Technical Assistance
Access to all tools on the Cisco Technical Support Website requires a Cisco.com
user ID and password. If you have a valid service contract but do not have a user
ID or password, you can register at this URL:
http://tools.cisco.com/RPF/register/register.do
Note
Use the Cisco Product Identification (CPI) tool to locate your product serial
number before submitting a web or phone request for service. You can access the
CPI tool from the Cisco Technical Support Website by clicking the Tools &
Resources link under Documentation & Tools. Choose Cisco Product
Identification Tool from the Alphabetical Index drop-down list, or click the
Cisco Product Identification Tool link under Alerts & RMAs. The CPI tool
offers three search options: by product ID or model name; by tree view; or for
certain products, by copying and pasting show command output. Search results
show an illustration of your product with the serial number label location
highlighted. Locate the serial number label on your product and record the
information before placing a service call.
Submitting a Service Request
Using the online TAC Service Request Tool is the fastest way to open S3 and S4
service requests. (S3 and S4 service requests are those in which your network is
minimally impaired or for which you require product information.) After you
describe your situation, the TAC Service Request Tool provides recommended
solutions. If your issue is not resolved using the recommended resources, your
service request is assigned to a Cisco TAC engineer. The TAC Service Request
Tool is located at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/servicerequest
For S1 or S2 service requests or if you do not have Internet access, contact the
Cisco TAC by telephone. (S1 or S2 service requests are those in which your
production network is down or severely degraded.) Cisco TAC engineers are
assigned immediately to S1 and S2 service requests to help keep your business
operations running smoothly.
To open a service request by telephone, use one of the following numbers:
Asia-Pacific: +61 2 8446 7411 (Australia: 1 800 805 227)
EMEA: +32 2 704 55 55
USA: 1 800 553-2447
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
xviii
78-15281-02
Preface
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
For a complete list of Cisco TAC contacts, go to this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/contacts
Definitions of Service Request Severity
To ensure that all service requests are reported in a standard format, Cisco has
established severity definitions.
Severity 1 (S1)—Your network is “down,” or there is a critical impact to your
business operations. You and Cisco will commit all necessary resources around
the clock to resolve the situation.
Severity 2 (S2)—Operation of an existing network is severely degraded, or
significant aspects of your business operation are negatively affected by
inadequate performance of Cisco products. You and Cisco will commit full-time
resources during normal business hours to resolve the situation.
Severity 3 (S3)—Operational performance of your network is impaired, but most
business operations remain functional. You and Cisco will commit resources
during normal business hours to restore service to satisfactory levels.
Severity 4 (S4)—You require information or assistance with Cisco product
capabilities, installation, or configuration. There is little or no effect on your
business operations.
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
Information about Cisco products, technologies, and network solutions is
available from various online and printed sources.
•
Cisco Marketplace provides a variety of Cisco books, reference guides, and
logo merchandise. Visit Cisco Marketplace, the company store, at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/
•
Cisco Press publishes a wide range of general networking, training and
certification titles. Both new and experienced users will benefit from these
publications. For current Cisco Press titles and other information, go to Cisco
Press at this URL:
http://www.ciscopress.com
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
xix
Preface
Obtaining Additional Publications and Information
•
Packet magazine is the Cisco Systems technical user magazine for
maximizing Internet and networking investments. Each quarter, Packet
delivers coverage of the latest industry trends, technology breakthroughs, and
Cisco products and solutions, as well as network deployment and
troubleshooting tips, configuration examples, customer case studies,
certification and training information, and links to scores of in-depth online
resources. You can access Packet magazine at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/packet
•
iQ Magazine is the quarterly publication from Cisco Systems designed to
help growing companies learn how they can use technology to increase
revenue, streamline their business, and expand services. The publication
identifies the challenges facing these companies and the technologies to help
solve them, using real-world case studies and business strategies to help
readers make sound technology investment decisions. You can access iQ
Magazine at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/go/iqmagazine
•
Internet Protocol Journal is a quarterly journal published by Cisco Systems
for engineering professionals involved in designing, developing, and
operating public and private internets and intranets. You can access the
Internet Protocol Journal at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/ipj
•
World-class networking training is available from Cisco. You can view
current offerings at this URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/learning/index.html
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
xx
78-15281-02
C H A P T E R
1
Product Overview
The Cisco 836 router and the Cisco SOHO 96 router are asymmeric digital
subscriber line (ADSL)-over-integrated service digital network (ISDN) routing
devices. These routers have an integrated 4-port Ethernet switch for the LAN and
an ADSL physical interface for the WAN, and ISDN basic rate interface (BRI)
WAN connectivity. This ISDN BRI interface can be used for normal WAN
connections or can be configured as a backup connection for the ADSL WAN
interface. These features allow the routers to connect a corporate telecommuter or
a small office to a central office or an Internet service provider (ISP) over an
ADSL interface.
The routers support high-speed encryption, a 10/100BASE-T switch, and dial
backup functionality via the ISDN port. The autosensing function in these routers
eliminates the need for a crossover cable and allows the router to detect medium
dependent interface in normal mode (MDI) or medium dependent interface in
crossover mode (MDIX) in any other PC or hub with a straight-through cable or
a crossover cable. The routers are capable of bridging and multiprotocol routing
between the LAN and WAN ports.
The dial backup feature allows the user to connect the ISDN port to the ISDN
service provider as a backup link to the WAN in case the ADSL service goes
down. This feature gives the Cisco 836 and Cisco SOHO 96 routers a high level
of performance and security.
The Cisco 836 router is designed with both hardware-based and software-based
encryption, while the Cisco SOHO 96 supports only the software-based
encryption. The Cisco 836 router supports the addition of Flash or SDRAM
memory, as either a factory upgrade or a field-installed option. The
Cisco SOHO 96 router has a fixed memory configuration.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
1-21
Chapter 1
Product Overview
Features
Features
Table 1-1 summarizes the features of the Cisco 836 and Cisco SOHO 96 routers.
Table 1-1
Summary of Cisco 836 and Cisco SOHO 96 Routers Features
Feature
Description
10BASE-T/100BASE-T
Ethernet switch
Provides connection to 10BASE-T (10 Mbps) or 100BASE-T (100 Mbps)
Ethernet networks. Compatible with 10/100-Mbps devices.
ADSL over ISDN
(ADSLoISDN) port
Provides connection to an ADSL over ISDN network. Does not support
auto-switch function.
Flash memory
8 MB of Flash memory, with up to 16 MB of expandable Flash memory
on the Flash module.
ISDN S/T port
Provides connection to ISDN service provider by using the dial backup
and the remote management functions for the router when main ADSL link
goes down.
Synchronous dynamic
RAM (SDRAM)
32 MB of SDRAM on board.
Ease of installation
Color-coded ports and cables reduce the chance of error.
Cisco IOS software
Supports standard Cisco IOS software.
Cisco Router Web Setup
Provides a web-based software tool for basic router configuration.
LAN interface
Fully compliant with IEEE 802.3 and IEEE 802.3u. Automatic
MDI/MDIX crossover function eliminates the need for crossover cables.
Console port
Provides connection to a terminal or PC for troubleshooting and for
software configuration using a command-line interface (CLI). This port is
configured as a data communication equipment (DCE) port with a
hardware handshake.
Dying gasp
Provides dying gasp function. If the router is going to lose power, this
function detects the situation and sends a signal to warn digital subscriber
line access multiplexers (DSLAMs) of the line drops.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
1-22
78-15281-02
Chapter 1
Product Overview
Router Overview
Table 1-1
Summary of Cisco 836 and Cisco SOHO 96 Routers Features (continued)
Feature
Description
IPSec hardware
accelerator
Only the Cisco 836 router supports this feature. The Hifn 7902 security
processor implements symmetric key encryption, public key encryption,
authentication, and data compression in hardware. Algorithms
implemented by the processor include Data Encryption Standard (DES)
and Triple DES (3DES); Secure Hash Algorithm 1 (SHA-1), Message
Digest 5 (MD5), Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC); and
Lempel-Ziv-Stac (LZS) compression and Microsoft Point-to-Point
Compression (MPPC).
Wall-mounting brackets
Mount the router on a wall or other vertical surface.
Router Overview
The following section shows the front and back panels of the Cisco 836 router and
the Cisco SOHO 96 router. The Cisco 836 router and the Cisco SOHO 96 router
each have four Ethernet ports.
Front Panels
Figure 1-1 and Figure 1-2 show the front panels of Cisco 836 router and the
Cisco SOHO 96 router, respectively.
Figure 1-1
Cisco 836 Front Panel
OK
ADSL
1 CH1
CH
ISDN 2
1 2
3 4
ETHER RXD TXD
N
ET
CISCO 80
0
82713
CD RXD
TXD
SERIES
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
1-23
Chapter 1
Product Overview
Router Overview
Figure 1-2
Cisco SOHO 96 Front Panel
OK
CD RXD
TXD
AD
SL
82714
1 CH1
CH2
ISDN
1 2
3 4
ETHERN RXD TXD
ET
CISCO SO
HO
SERIES
Back Panel
Figure 1-3 shows the back panel of the Cisco 836 router. The back panel of the
Cisco SOHO 96 router is nearly identical to the back panel of the Cisco 836
router. Only the labels are different—the Cisco SOHO 96 router’s label reads
“Cisco SOHO 96.” All the physical ports are the same.
Cisco 836 Back Panel
ETHERN
ET
CONSOL
E
4
3
1
ISDN S/T
ADSL o ISD
N
2
1
3
2
Cisco 836
5
4
+18 VDC
82715
Figure 1-3
6
7
8
9
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
1-24
78-15281-02
Chapter 1
Product Overview
LED Functions
1
Ethernet port 4 connects to
Ethernet network device
6
ISDN S/T port connects to
ISDN service provider
2
Ethernet port 3 connects to
Ethernet network device
7
ADSLoISDN port connects to
external wall jack
3
Ethernet port 2 connects to
Ethernet network device
8
Input jack connects to desktop
power supply
4
Ethernet port 1 connects to
Ethernet network device
9
Power on/off button
5
Console port connects to PC
or terminal
LED Functions
Table 1-2 summarizes the functions of the LEDs on the Cisco 836 router and the
Cisco SOHO 96 router.
Table 1-2
Functions of LEDs on the Cisco 836 Router and the Cisco SOHO 96 Router
LED
Color
Function
PWR_OK
Green
On when DC power is being supplied to the router. The light blinks
if an error occurs during boot-up.
ADSL_CD
Green
On when the ADSL carrier detects status and connects to the
DSLAM successfully.
ADSL_RXD
Green
On when the ADSLoISDN port receives data. Off when no data is
being downloaded.
ADSL_TXD
Green
On when the ADSLoISDN port sends data. Off when no data is being
uploaded.
ISDN_1
Green
On when ISDN D channel connects successfully.
ISDN_CH1
Orange
On when ISDN B1 channel connects successfully. Blinks when the
B1 channel receives or sends data, or when data passes through
ISDN channel 1.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
1-25
Chapter 1
Product Overview
LED Functions
Table 1-2
Functions of LEDs on the Cisco 836 Router and the Cisco SOHO 96 Router (continued)
LED
Color
Function
ISDN_CH2
Orange
On when ISDN B2 channel connects successfully. Blinks when the
B2 channel receives or sends data, or when data passes through
ISDN channel 2.
E1 Status
Green
On when Ethernet 1 connects to the Ethernet interface successfully.
Blinks when Ethernet 1 receives or sends data, or when data passes
through Ethernet 1.
E2 Status
Green
On when Ethernet 2 connects to the Ethernet interface successfully.
Blinks when Ethernet 1 receives or sends data, or when data passes
through Ethernet 2.
E3 Status
Green
On when Ethernet 3 connects to the Ethernet interface successfully.
Blinks when Ethernet 1 receives or sends data, or when data passes
through Ethernet 3.
E4 Status
Green
On when Ethernet 4 connects to the Ethernet interface successfully.
Blinks when Ethernet 1 receives or sends data, or when data passes
through Ethernet 4.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
1-26
78-15281-02
C H A P T E R
2
Installation
This chapter provides information on the following topics:
•
Preparing for Installation
•
Preventing Damage to the Router
•
Installing the Router
•
Using the Router LEDs to Check Links
•
Mounting the Router
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-27
Chapter 2
Installation
Preparing for Installation
Preparing for Installation
This section provides information on safety, mounting of the router, and
unpacking of the router box.
Safety
This section provides safety warnings and electrostatic and router damage
information for the Cisco 836 and Cisco SOHO 96 routers.
Warnings
Before installing the router, read the following warnings:
Warning
Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install or replace this
equipment.
Warning
Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power
source.
Warning
Before working on a system that has a standby/off switch, turn off the power
switch to standby and unplug the power cord.
Warning
Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry
(including rings, necklaces, and watches). Metal objects will heat up when
connected to power and ground and can cause serious burns or weld the metal
object to the terminals.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-28
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Preparing for Installation
Warning
To avoid electric shock, do not connect safety extra-low voltage (SELV) circuits
to telephone-network voltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits,
and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both use RJ-45
connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.
Warning
During this procedure, wear grounding wrist straps to avoid ESD damage. Do
not directly touch the backplane during with your hand or any metal tool, or you
could shock yourself.
Warning
This equipment is not designed for making emergency telephony calls when the
power fails. Alternative arrangements should be made for access to emergency
services. Access to emergency services can be affected by any call-barring
function of this equipment.
Warning
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No.26 AWG or large telecommunication line
cord.
Warning
This equipment contains a ring signal generator (ringer), which is a source of
hazardous voltage. Do not touch the RJ-11 (phone) port wires (conductors), the
conductors of a cable connected to the RJ-11 port, or the associated
circuit-board when the ringer is active. The ringer is activated by an incoming
call.
Warning
Ths ISDN connection is regarded as a source of voltage that should be
inaccessible to user contact. Do not attempt to tamper with or open any public
telephone operator (PTO)-provided equipment or connection hardware. Any
hardwired connection (other than by a nonremovable, connect-one-time-only
plug) must be made only by PTO staff or suitably trained engineers.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-29
Chapter 2
Installation
Preparing for Installation
Warning
Network hazardous voltages are present in the ISDN cable. If you detach the
ISDN cable, detach the end away from the router first to avoid possible electric
shock. Network hazardous voltages also are present on the system card in the
area of the ISDN port (RJ-45 connector), regardless of when power is turned off
(by pressing power switch to standby).
Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national
laws and regulations.
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is a transfer of electrostatic charge between bodies
of different electrostatic potentials, such as an operator and a piece of electrical
equipment. It occurs when electronic components are improperly handled, and it
can damage equipment and impair electrical circuitry. Electrostatic discharge is
more likely to occur with the combination of synthetic fibers and dry atmosphere.
Always follow these steps to prevent ESD when you remove and replace
components:
Step 1
Wear an ESD-preventive wrist strap that you provide, ensuring that it makes good
skin contact.
Caution
To properly guard against ESD damage and shocks, the wrist strap and cord must
operate effectively.
Step 2
Do not touch any exposed contact pins or connector shells of interface ports that
do not have a cable attached.
If cables are connected at one end only, do not touch the exposed pins at the
unconnected end of the cable.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-30
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Preparing for Installation
Note
Caution
This device is intended for use in residential and commercial environments only.
Periodically check the resistance value of the antistatic strap, which should be
between 1 and 10 megohms (Mohm).
Unpacking the Box
Table 2-1 lists the items that come with your router. All these items are in the
accessory kit that is inside the box that your router came in. If any of the items is
missing or damaged, contact your customer service representative.
Table 2-1
Router Box Contents
•
Power cord (black)
•
Desktop power supply
•
ADSL cable (lavender)
•
Console cable, RJ-45-to-DB-9 (light blue)
•
ISDN cable (orange)
•
Ethernet cable (yellow)
•
Product documentation
To prepare for installation, follow these steps:
Step 1
Remove yellow Ethernet cable, light blue console cable, and product
documentation from the accessory kit. Remove the desktop power supply, orange
ISDN S/T cable, the lavender ADSL cable, and the black power cord from the
box. Gather the Ethernet devices to be connected to the router: hub, server,
workstation, or PC.
Step 2
If you plan to connect an analog telephone or fax machine, gather these devices.
You must also provide the telephone cable to connect each device.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-31
Chapter 2
Installation
Preventing Damage to the Router
Step 3
If you plan to configure the software using a terminal or PC connected to the
router, provide the terminal or PC.
Note
Unless otherwise specified, a lavender straight-through RJ-11to RJ-11 cable is
provided as the ADSL cable. The user can select one of two other cables
instead—a crossover RJ-11 to RJ-11 ADSL cable or a straight-through RJ-11 to
RJ- 45 ADSL cable. Each router is supplied with only one ADSL cable, which the
user selected during the ordering process.
Note
The optional orange ISDN S/T cable used for connecting a Cisco 836 router’s
ISDN port to the ISDN service provider is for dial backup and remote
management. The Cisco SOHO 96 router needs this cable for remote
management. The user may order this optional cable additionally.
Note
There are six different power cords. Each was designed to meet the specifications
of the cable wall jack for a particular country. Each of the six power cords is
different from the others. The default cord shown in Figure 2-1 is European Union
standard specification.
Preventing Damage to the Router
Follow these guidelines when connecting devices to your router:
•
Connect the color-coded cables supplied by Cisco Systems to the color-coded
ports on the back panel.
•
If you must supply your own cables, see Appendix A, “Specifications and
Cables,” for cable specifications. If this appendix does not provide
specifications for a particular cable, we strongly recommend that you order
the cable from Cisco Systems.
•
If the symbol of suitability ( ) appears above a port, you can connect the port
directly to a public network that follows the European Union standards.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-32
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Warning
If the symbol of suitability with an overlaid cross ( ) appears above a port, you
must not connect the port to a public network that follows the European Union
standards. Connecting the port to this type of public network can cause severe
injury or damage to your router.
Installing the Router
To install the router, you need to perform the following tasks in the following
order:
1.
Connect the Ethernet devices to the router.
2.
Connect the ADSL line.
3.
Connect a terminal or PC to the configuration port of the router if you are
troubleshooting or configuring the router by using the command-line
interface (CLI).
4.
Connect the router to the power source and turn on the router.
5.
Verify the links, using the router LEDs.
Connecting Ethernet Devices
You can use a cable to connect an Ethernet devices to the router’s LAN port.
Connecting a Server, PC, or Workstation
Follow the steps given after Figure 2-1 to connect the router to a PC with an
Ethernet network interface card (NIC) installed, or to connect a server or
workstation to the router. (Figure 2-1 shows a Cisco 836 router, but it also applies
to a Cisco SOHO 96 router. The procedure applies to both the Cisco 836 router
and the Cisco SOHO 96 router.)
The Ethernet port on the Cisco 836 router and the Cisco SOHO 96 router supports
the auto-crossover function, whose autosensing ability allows the router to
connect automatically to the hub or PC.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-33
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Figure 2-1
Connecting a Server, PC, or Workstation to the Router
1
2
ETHERN
ET
CONSOLE
4
3
Cisco 836
ISDN S/T
ADSL o ISD
N
2
1
3
82711
4
5
1
Cisco 836 router
4
PC
2
One end of the yellow
Ethernet cable that connects
to Ethernet port 4 on the
router
5
Other end of the Ethernet cable
that connects to the RJ-45 port
on the network interface card
(NIC)
3
Ethernet port 4
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-34
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Perform the following steps to connect the PC to Ethernet port 4 (or to port 1, 2,
or 3) on the router:
Step 1
Connect one end of the yellow Ethernet cable to Ethernet port 4 on the router.
Step 2
Connect the other end of the yellow Ethernet cable to the RJ-45 port on the NIC
of the PC, server or workstation.
Note
Leave the PCs that you connect to the router turned off until after you complete
the router installation.
You can connect additional PCs to Ethernet ports 1, 2, and 3.
To verify the connection, check that the Ethernet 1 LED on the front panel is on
after you complete the router installation.
Connecting an ADSL Line
The procedure for connecting an ADSL line depends on the router and, in some
cases, on the location. Figure 2-2 shows how to connect the ADSL line to a cable
wall jack. Follow the steps given after Figure 2-2 to connect the ADSL line to a
cable wall jack. (Figure 2-2 depicts a Cisco 836 router, but it also applies to the
Cisco SOHO 96 router. The connection steps apply to both the Cisco 836 router
and the Cisco SOHO 96 router.)
Warning
Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of
lightning activity.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-35
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Figure 2-2
ETHERNE
Connecting an ADSL Line to a Wall Jack
T
CONSOLE
4
3
Cisco 836
ISDN S/T
ADSL o ISDN
2
1
+18 VDC
82716
ON
OFF
1
2
3
4
5
Note
1
One end of the ADSL over
ISDN (ADSLoISDN) cable
that connects to the
ADSLoISDN port on the
router
4
RJ-11 end of the ADSLoISDN
cable that connects to the
splitter
2
ADSL splitter provided by
ADSL service provider
5
Other end of the unshielded
Category 5 cable that connects
to the wall jack
3
RJ-11 end of an unshielded
Category 5 cable that
connects to splitter
The user has to provide the unshielded Category 5 cable to connect to the splitter.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-36
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Perform the following steps to connect the ADSL line to a cable wall jack:
Step 1
Connect the RJ-11 end of the ADSL over ISDN cable to the ADSLoISDN port on
the router.
Step 2
Connect the other RJ-11 end of the ADSL over ISDN cable to the splitter’s local
ADSL connector port.
Step 3
Connect the unshielded Category 5 cable from the splitter’s outside ADSL port to
a wall jack.
Connecting a Terminal or PC to the Router’s Console Port
(Optional)
You can connect either a terminal or a PC to the router’s console port. You can use
the terminal or PC for configuring the software via the CLI or for troubleshooting.
To connect a terminal or PC, follow the steps given after Figure 2-3. (Figure 2-3
shows a Cisco 836 router, but it also applies to the Cisco SOHO 96 router. The
connection procedure applies to both the Cisco 836 router and the Cisco SOHO 96
router.)
Note
Unless you are an experienced network administrator, it is recommended that you
use the Cisco Router Web Setup software to configure the router. Use of this
software is described in the “Using Cisco Router Web Setup to Configure the
Router” section on page 2-47.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-37
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Figure 2-3
Connecting a Terminal or PC to the Router’s Console Port
ETHERN
ET
CONSOL
E
4
3
Cisco 836
ISDN S/T
ADSL
2
1
+18 VDC
ON
82717
OFF
1
2
1
RJ-45 end of the light blue
cable that connects to
console port on the router
2
DB-9 connector on the other
end of the cable that connects to
the terminal or PC
Perform the following steps to connect the router’s console port to a terminal or
PC:
Step 1
Connect the RJ-45 connector at one end of the light blue cable to the console port
on the router.
Step 2
Connect the DB-9 connector at the other end of the cable to the terminal or PC.
If you have experience configuring Cisco routers and prefer to use the CLI, refer
to the Cisco 800 Series Routers Software Configuration Guide for instructions on
configuring the router.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-38
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Connecting the AC Adapter
To connect the power supply, follow the steps given after Figure 2-4. (Figure 2-4
depicts a Cisco 836 router, but the process also applies to the Cisco SOHO 96
router. The connection steps apply to both the Cisco 836 router and the
Cisco SOHO 96 router.)
Warning
The device is designed to work with TN power systems.
Warning
This product relies on the building’s installation for short-circuit (overcurrent)
protection. Ensure that a fuse or circuit breaker no larger than 120 VAC, 15A U.S.
(240 VAC, 16A international) is used on the phase conductors (all
current-carrying conductors).
Figure 2-4
Connecting the AC Adapter
1
ETHERN
ET
CONSOL
4
3
E
Cisco 836
ISDN S/T
ADSL o ISDN
2
1
+18 VDC
ON
82712
OFF
2
3
5
4
1
Cisco 836 router
4
Desktop power supply
2
Router input jack
5
Power cord plug
3
Power cord
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-39
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Perform the following steps to connect the router to the AC adapter:
Step 1
Connect one end of the power supply cable to the router’s input jack.
Step 2
Connect the other end of the power supply cable to the desktop power adapter.
Step 3
Plug the power cord of the desktop power adapter into an electrical outlet.
Note
Be sure to use the power supply that was shipped with your router. Although you
may be able to connect another Cisco power supply to your router, that power
supply may not provide all the features that are provided by the power supply that
shipped with your router.
Connecting ISDN Port to ISDN Service Provider
The Cisco 836 router is designed with the dial backup function, allowing you to
connect the ISDN S/T port to the ISDN service provider as a backup link to the
WAN port in case the ADSL service goes down. The Cisco 836 router supports
both the dial backup and remote management features; the Cisco SOHO 96 router
supports only the remote management function.
Note
To make a connection to the ISDN service, you need to connect the orange ISDN
S/T cable to the ISDN port.
To connect the router’s ISDN S/T port to the ISDN service provider, follow the
steps given after Figure 2-6. This procedure applies to both the Cisco 836 router
and the Cisco SOHO 96 router.
Note
The user must provide the two unshielded Category 5 cables that connect the NT1
box to the splitter and that connect the splitter to the wall jack.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-40
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Installing the Router
Figure 2-5
Connecting the ISDN Port to the ISDN Service Provider
ETHERNET
CONSOLE
4
3
Cisco 836
ISDN S/T
ADSL o ISDN
2
1
+18 VDC
82881
ON
OFF
2
1
5
3
4
6
7
8
1
ISDN S/T port on the
Cisco 836 router
5
ADSL splitter provided by
ADSL service provider
2
Network termination 1
(NT1) box
6
Other end of the first
unshielded Category 5 cable
that connects to the telephone
line port on the splitter
3
RJ-45 end of the ISDN S/T 7
cable that connects the ISDN
S/T port to the S/T port on
the NT1 box
One end of the second
unshielded Category 5 cable
that connects the
telecommunication service port
on the splitter.
4
8
One end of the first
unshielded Category 5 cable
that connects the U port on
the NT1 box to the splitter
Other end of the second
unshielded Category 5 cable
connects to the wall jack
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-41
Chapter 2
Installation
Using the Router LEDs to Check Links
Perform the following steps to connect the Cisco 836 router’s ISDN port to the
ISDN service provider:
Step 1
Connect one end of the orange ISDN S/T cable to the Cisco 836 router’s ISDN
S/T port.
Step 2
Connect the other end of the orange ISDN S/T cable to the S/T port on the NT1
box.
Step 3
Connect the first unshielded Category 5 cable from the U port on the NT1 box to
the telephone line port on the splitter.
Step 4
Connect the second unshielded Category 5 cable from the telecommunication
service port on the splitter to the wall jack to allow a link to the network service
provider.
Note
There are RJ-45 connectors at both ends of the default orange ISDN S/T cable
used in the preceding procedure. However, an RJ-45 to RJ-11 ISDN S/T cable is
available upon request if the wall jack at the site requires an RJ-11 connector.
Contact your router reseller for the appropriate cable.
Note
The cable for connecting the NT1 box to the splitter is not included in the
accessory kit. The user must provide this cable.
Using the Router LEDs to Check Links
Use the LEDs on the front of the router to check the links between the router and
any attached Ethernet devices or telephone. See Table 1-2 on page 1-5 to verify
the link status of devices attached to the Cisco 836 and Cisco SOHO 96 routers.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-42
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
Mounting the Router
You can mount the router on one of the following surfaces:
•
Table or other horizontal surface
•
Wall or other vertical surface
Mounting on a Table
Place the router firmly on a table, and perform the tasks identified in the
“Installing the Router” section on page 2-33.
Caution
Do not cover or obstruct the router vents, which are located on the sides of the
router. If the vents are covered or obstructed, overheating could occur and cause
damage to the router.
Mounting on a Wall
You can mount the router on a wall or other vertical surface by using the molded
mounting brackets on the bottom of the router and two number-six, 3/4-in.
(M3.5 x 20 mm) screws. You must provide the screws. Figure 2-7 shows the
mounting brackets.
Caution
If you are mounting the router on drywall, use two hollow-wall anchors (1/8 in.
with 5/16-in. drill bit, or M3 with 8-mm drill bit) to secure the screws. If the
screws are not properly anchored, the strain of the network cable connections
could pull the router from the wall.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-43
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
Figure 2-6
Wall-Mounting Brackets (Bottom of Router)
1
2
3
80289
4
1
Front panel of router
3
Distance between two
mounting brackets (7 5/8 in. or
19.35 cm)
2
Mounting bracket
4
Bottom of router
The following conditions must be met when you mount the router:
•
Because you will use the LEDs as status and problem indicators, the LEDs on
the front panel must face upward and must be easily visible.
•
The back panel must face downward to reduce strain on the cable
connections.
•
The power supply must rest on a horizontal surface such as the floor or a
table. If the power supply is not supported, it could place strain on the power
supply cable and cause it to disconnect from the connector on the router back
panel.
To mount the router on a wall, follow the steps given after Figure 2-7.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-44
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
Figure 2-7
Mounting the Router on a Wall
2
1
3
OK
7
CD
AD R
SL X D
IS T X
DN D
1
CH
1
CH
2
CI
SC
O
80
0
RI
ES
1
2
3
ET
HE 4
RN
ET
SE
RXD TXD
4
82720
5
6
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-45
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
1
Two number-six, 3/4-in. screws
5
Maximum distance between the
router and the power supply (6 ft
[1.8 m])
2
Distance between the two screws
(7 5/8 in. [19.35 cm])
6
Horizontal surface for placing the
power supply
3
Cisco 836 router
7
Distance between the screw and
the wall (1/8 in. [0.32 cm])
4
Mounting brackets
Perform the following steps to mount the router on the wall:
Step 1
Secure two screws 7 5/8 inches (19.35 centimeters) apart into a wall and 1/8 inch
(0.32 centimeter) from the wall.
Step 2
Hang the router on the screws as shown in Figure 2-8.
Step 3
Place the power supply on a horizontal surface.
Configuring the Router
When you finish installing the router, you must configure the router software.
First, check the PC configurations to ensure that all the connected PCs will be able
to communicate with the router. Then configure the router software, using the web
interface.
Checking the PC Configuration
Each PC that is connected to the router must be configured to use TCP/IP and to
obtain its IP address automatically. Follow these steps to configure each PC that
is running Microsoft Windows NT or Microsoft Windows 95, 98, 2000, Windows
ME, and Windows XP. If the PC is running a different version of Microsoft
Windows, refer to the documentation that came with the PC.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-46
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
Step 1
Start the PC, and open the Control Panel.
Step 2
Click the Network icon to display the Network window.
Step 3
Verify that TCP/IP has been added and associated with the Ethernet adapter.
TCP/IP is shown as a cable icon in the Configuration window on Microsoft
Windows 95 and 98; it is shown as a cable icon in the Protocol window on
Microsoft Windows NT. If the icon is not visible, click Add, and add the
Microsoft TCP/IP protocol.
Step 4
To verify that the PC is configured to obtain an IP address automatically, click the
TCP/IP cable icon, and select the IP address tab in the TCP/IP Properties
window. Check Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server if it is not checked.
The IP address and Subnet mask fields should be grayed out.
Step 5
Click OK to accept all changes and exit this window. Then click OK in the
Network window.
Step 6
If you are prompted, click Yes to reboot the PC.
For more information on how to configure TCP/IP, refer to the Cisco Router Web
Setup Troubleshooting Guide, which is available on Cisco.com.
Using Cisco Router Web Setup to Configure the Router
Cisco strongly recommends that inexperienced network administrators use the
Cisco Router Web Setup application that has been installed on the router. To use
this application, complete the following steps:
Step 1
Start, or restart, one of the PCs connected to the router through Ethernet port 1,
2, 3, or 4.
Step 2
Open a web browser. Make sure that your browser is set to work in online mode.
Step 3
•
In Internet Explorer, click the File menu, and verify that the “work offline”
option is unchecked.
•
In Netscape, the default selection in the File menu is set to work online.
Enter the universal resource locator (URL) http://10.10.10.1. The CRWS home
page will appear in one or two minutes.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-47
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
Tip
If the CRWS home page does not appear when you enter the URL
http://10.10.10.1, test the connection between the PC and the router by doing the
following:
1.
Check that the OK LED on the router is on, and check the cable connection
between the router and the PC.
2.
If the CRWS home page still does not appear, verify that the web browser’s
“work offline” option is disabled.
3.
If the web page still does not appear, verify that your PC is automatically
configured to receive an IP address. Follow the instructions in the
Cisco Router Web Setup Troubleshooting Guide section, which is available on
Cisco.com.
4.
If the PC is configured to automatically receive an IP address, but the web
page still does not appear, select Start/Run, type winipcfg in the Run
window, and examine the address in the IP address field. The address should
be in the format 10.10.10.X, in which X is a number that is equal to or greater
than 2; for example, 10.10.10.2, or 10.10.10.3. If the IP address is not in this
format, verify that an Ethernet adapter name is visible in the Adapter field. If
there is no name in the field, return to Step 3 in the “Checking the PC
Configuration” section on page 2-46 and add TCP to the list of protocols.
Then return to the “Using Cisco Router Web Setup to Configure the Router”
section on page 2-47, and complete the procedure.
Step 4
If you have no special configuration requirements, click the Router Setup link
on the home page, and then click Easy Setup. (This may appear as Quick Setup
on some models.) Then, enter the username and password provided to you by
your Internet service provider, and click Apply.
Step 5
If you need to configure special features such as Network Address Translation
(NAT), click the appropriate links on the home page, and complete the
configuration screens.
Step 6
Click the Password link on the home page, and set a password for the router.
Step 7
Click the Test Connection link on the home page, and allow the connection to be
tested.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-48
78-15281-02
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
Step 8
Select Start/Run, and type winipcfg in the Open field of the Run window. When
the IP Config window appears, click Release to release the PC’s IP address.
Then click Renew to renew the PC’s IP address.
Alternatively, open the Run window, and enter ipconfig /release to release the
PC’s IP address.Then enter ipconfig /renew to renew the IP address of the PC.
Step 9
Open a web browser on the PC, and connect to a website.
The router installation is complete when you have connected to a website.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
2-49
Chapter 2
Installation
Mounting the Router
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
2-50
78-15281-02
C H A P T E R
3
Troubleshooting
This chapter describes symptoms of problems that could occur with the Cisco 836
or Cisco SOHO 96 routers, identifies the likely underlying problems, and provide
steps for solving the problems. The problems are grouped as follows:
•
Problems during first startup
•
Problems after router is running
For information about problems that could occur with the software, refer to the
Cisco 800 Series Routers Software Configuration Guide.
Before You Call Your Cisco Reseller
Some of the solutions in this chapter instruct you to contact your Cisco reseller.
Before you contact your reseller, make sure that you have the following
information available:
•
Router model and serial number (on the back panel)
•
Maintenance agreement or warranty information
•
Date you received the router
•
Brief description of the problem
•
Brief description of the steps you have taken to solve the problem
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
3-51
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Problems During First Startup
Problems During First Startup
Table 3-1 lists problems that could occur the first time you turn on the router.
Table 3-1
Problems During First Startup
Symptom
Problem
Solutions
All LEDs,
including OK
LED, are off.
No power to router
Perform the following tasks:
No connection to A cable-related
problem:
Ethernet device.
(Ethernet 1 LED is
• Improperly
off.)
connected cable
•
No connection to
ADSL link. (The
CD LED on the
front panel is off
for a long time.)
1.
Make sure that all connections to and from the power
supply are secure.
2.
Make sure that the power outlet has power.
3.
Make sure that the power switch is set to ON.
4.
If the problem continues, the power supply might be
faulty. Contact your Cisco reseller.
Perform the following tasks:
1.
To make sure that you have cabled the device
correctly, see the “Connecting a Terminal or PC to
the Router’s Console Port (Optional)” section on
page 2-12.
2.
Make sure that the connectors at both ends of the
cable are securely seated.
3.
Make sure that the cable is not physically damaged.
If it is damaged, order another cable from Cisco or
replace it with a similar cable.
•
To make sure that you are using the correct cable,
see Appendix A, “Specifications and Cables.”
Damaged cable
Wrong cable
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
3-52
78-15281-02
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Problems After Router Is Running
Table 3-1
Problems During First Startup (continued)
Symptom
Problem
Solutions
No connection to
ADSL link. (The
CD LED on the
front panel is off
for a long time.)
Improperly connected
cable
•
Make sure that you have connected the ADSL cable
properly. See the “Connecting an ADSL Line”
section on page 2-10.
•
Make sure that the ADSL port is connected to the
correct port on the ISDN splitter.
•
Make sure that the connectors at both ends of the
cable are securely seated.
Problems After Router Is Running
Table 3-2 lists problems that could occur after the router has been up and running.
Table 3-2
Problems After Router Is Running
Symptom
Problem
Problems with Ethernet
connection. (Ethernet LED
1, 2, 3, or 4 is off or
blinking.)
A cable-related
problem:
•
Disconnected cable
•
Damaged cable
Solutions
•
Make sure that the Ethernet port is not
configured to be administratively down.
•
Make sure that the device connected to
the Ethernet port is connected, powered
on, and properly configured.
•
Make sure that the connectors at both
ends of the cable are secure.
•
Make sure that the cable is not physically
damaged. If it is damaged, order another
cable from Cisco Systems or replace it
with a similar cable.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
3-53
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Problems After Router Is Running
Table 3-2
Problems After Router Is Running (continued)
Symptom
Problem
Connection to the ADSL
line is intermittent or lost.
(The CD LED on the front
panel is off.)
A cable-related
problem:
•
Disconnected cable
•
Damaged cable
Problem with ADSL or
Connection to the ADSL
WAN service
line or WAN port is loose.
(The CD LED and the
Ethernet LED 1, 2, 3, or 4 on
the front panel are off).
Solutions
•
Make sure that the Ethernet port is not
configured to be administratively down.
•
Make sure that the device connected to
the Ethernet port is connected, powered
on, and properly configured.
•
Make sure that the connectors at both
ends of the cable are secure.
•
Make sure that the cable is not physically
damaged. If it is damaged, order another
cable from Cisco Systems or replace it
with a similar cable.
•
Check all passwords and device names to
make sure that they are correct.
•
Contact your ADSL line or WAN service
provider to determine whether there is a
problem with the ADSL or WAN service.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
3-54
78-15281-02
A P P E N D I X
A
Specifications and Cables
This appendix provides system, port, and cabling specifications for the Cisco 836
and Cisco SOHO 96 series routers.
This chapter provides information on the following topics:
•
System Specifications
•
Port Connector Pinouts
•
Maximum Cable Distance
System Specifications
Table A-1 outlines the system specifications for the Cisco 836 and
Cisco SOHO 96 series routers.
Table A-1
System Specifications
Description
Design Specification
Physical Dimensions
Dimensions (H x W x D)
2.0 x 9.7 x 8.5 in. (51 x 246 x 216 mm)
Weight (does not include desktop power supply)
1.48 lb. (0.67 kg)
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
A-55
Appendix A
Specifications and Cables
Port Connector Pinouts
Table A-1
System Specifications (continued)
Description
Design Specification
Environmental Operating Ranges
Nonoperating temperature
–4 to 149°F (–20 to 65°C)
Nonoperating humidity
5 to 95%, relative humidity
Nonoperating altitude
0 to 15,000 ft (4,570 m)
Operating temperature
32 to 104°F (0 to 40°C)
Operating humidity
10 to 85%, relative humidity
Operating altitude
0 to 10,000 ft (3,000 m)
Router Power
AC input voltage
100 to 250 VAC
Frequency
50 to 60 Hz
Power consumption
Maximum of 18W
Voltage
18 VDC
For information on regulatory compliance, refer to the Regulatory Compliance
and Safety Information for Cisco 800 and SOHO Series Router document that
shipped with your router.
Warning
Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national
laws and regulations.
Port Connector Pinouts
This section provides pinouts for the following connectors:
•
ADSL—See Table A-2.
•
Console (for connecting a terminal or PC)—See Table A-3.
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
A-56
78-15281-02
Appendix A
Specifications and Cables
Port Connector Pinouts
Table A-2
ADSL Cable Pinouts (RJ-11-to-RJ-45)
RJ-11 Pin
Function
RJ-45 Pin
Function
1
Unused
1
Unused
2
Unused
2
Unused
3
Ring
3
Unused
4
Tip
4
Ring
5
Unused
5
Tip
6
Unused
6
Unused
7
Unused
8
Unused
Table A-3
Console Connector Pinouts (RJ-45-to-DB-9)
RJ-45 Pin
Function
DB-9 Pin
1
RTS
8
2
DTR
6
3
TXD
2
4
GND
5
5
GND
5
6
RXD
3
7
DSR
4
8
CTS
7
The console port is configured as a data communications equipment (DCE)
device. The default parameters for the console port are as follows:
•
9600 baud
•
Eight data bits
•
No parity
•
One stop bit
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
A-57
Appendix A
Specifications and Cables
Cabling Specifications
Cabling Specifications
This section provides specifications for the following Ethernet cables, which you
might need to provide:
•
Straight-through cables
•
Crossover cables
Ethernet Cable Specifications
Table A-4 lists the specifications for straight-through and crossover Ethernet
cables.
Table A-4
Ethernet Cable Specifications
Type
Category
10BASE-T
Category 3 or 5
100BASE-T
Category 5 or higher
Maximum Cable Distance
Table A-5 provides the maximum distance of Ethernet and telephone cables that
you can use to connect equipment to the router.
Table A-5
Maximum Cable Distance
Cable
Maximum Distance
Ethernet cables
328 ft (100 m)
Cisco 836 Router and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
A-58
78-15281-02
INDEX
included with router 31
Numerics
cables distances, maximum 58
100Base-T Ethernet switch 22
caution, definition xii
10Base-T Ethernet switch 22
Cisco IOS software 22
Cisco Router Web Setup 47
A
accessory kit 31
console port 22
conventions, hazard xii
crossover cable 21
AC input voltage 56
adapter, included 31
ADSL
D
connecting 35
dial backup 21
port 22
documentation, related xiv
altitude specifications 56
dying gasp 22
asymmetric digital subscriber line
See ADSL
autosensing function 21
E
electrostatic discharge damage,
preventing 30 to 31
B
environmental operating specifications 56
brackets, wall-mounting, figure 44
Ethernet cable, specifications 58
C
F
cables
feature summary 22 to 23
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
IN-1
Index
Flash memory 22
P
physical dimensions 55
H
physical specifications 55
humidity specifications 56
pinouts, port and cable connector
ADSL 57
console connector 57
I
power
installation, verifying 42
problems 52
IPSec Hardware Accelerator 23
specifications 56
problems
ISDN 21
after router is running 53 to 54
ISDN S/T port 22
during first startup 52 to 53
L
R
LED functions 25
router
unpacking 31, ?? to 31
M
mounting the router
S
on a table 43
on a wall 43 to 45
safety warnings 28 to 30
SDRAM 22
specifications
N
environmental operating 56
note, definition xii
physical 55
power 56
voltage 56
startup problems 52 to 53
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
IN-2
78-15281-02
Index
straight-through cable 21
T
temperature specifications 56
troubleshooting 51 to 54
U
unpacking the router 31, ?? to 31
V
voltage specifications 56
W
wall mounting 43 to 45
wall-mounting brackets, figure 44
warning, definition xii
warnings, installation 28 to 30
weight specifications 55
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
78-15281-02
IN-3
Index
Cisco 836 and SOHO 96 Router Hardware Installation Guide
IN-4
78-15281-02
Download PDF

advertising