Specifications | Citizen CT-S300 Printer User Manual

Command Reference
LINE THERMAL PRINTER
MODEL CT-S300
Rev. 0.01 Newly issued on July 17, 2003
REVISION
Rev. No.
Rev. 0.01
Date
2003/07/17
Comment
Newly issued
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. OUTLINE .............................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 Operation Mode ............................................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Character Set ................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.3 Control Commands ....................................................................................................................................... 1
1.3.1 Control Command Details .................................................................................................................. 1
1.3.2 How to Send Control Commands ...................................................................................................... 1
2. CONTROL COMMANDS ..................................................................................................................... 2
2.1 ESC/POS Command List ............................................................................................................................... 2
2.1.1 Description of Items ............................................................................................................................ 6
2.2 Command Details .......................................................................................................................................... 7
2.2.1 Print Control Commands .................................................................................................................... 7
LF .............................................................................................................................................................. 7
CR ............................................................................................................................................................. 8
FF .............................................................................................................................................................. 9
ESC FF ................................................................................................................................................... 10
ESC J n ................................................................................................................................................. 10
ESC d n ................................................................................................................................................ 11
2.2.2 Print Character Commands .............................................................................................................. 12
CAN ........................................................................................................................................................ 12
ESC SP n .............................................................................................................................................. 13
ESC ! n ................................................................................................................................................. 14
ESC % n ............................................................................................................................................... 16
ESC & s n m [a [p] s × a] m–n+1 .................................................................................................... 17
ESC – n ................................................................................................................................................. 18
ESC ? n ................................................................................................................................................. 19
ESC E n ................................................................................................................................................ 20
ESC G n ................................................................................................................................................ 21
ESC M n ................................................................................................................................................. 22
ESC R n ................................................................................................................................................ 22
ESC V n ................................................................................................................................................ 23
ESC t n ................................................................................................................................................. 24
ESC { n ................................................................................................................................................. 25
ESC ~ J n (Valid in CBM1000II-Compatible Mode) ............................................................................. 26
DC3 n (Valid in CBM1000II-Compatible Mode) ................................................................................... 27
GS ! n ................................................................................................................................................... 28
GS B n .................................................................................................................................................. 29
GS b n .................................................................................................................................................. 30
2.2.3 Print Position Commands ................................................................................................................. 31
HT ........................................................................................................................................................... 31
ESC $ n1 n2 ........................................................................................................................................ 32
ESC D [ n ] k NULL ............................................................................................................................ 33
ESC T n ................................................................................................................................................ 34
ESC W xL xH yL yH dxL dxH dyL dyH ........................................................................................ 35
ESC \ nL nH ............................................................................................................................................ 36
ESC a n ................................................................................................................................................. 37
GS $ nL nH ........................................................................................................................................... 38
GS L nL nH .......................................................................................................................................... 39
GS W nL nH ........................................................................................................................................ 40
GS \ nL nH .............................................................................................................................................. 42
2.2.4 Line Feed Span Commands ............................................................................................................. 43
ESC 2 ..................................................................................................................................................... 43
ESC 3 n ................................................................................................................................................. 44
—i—
2.2.5 Bit Image Commands ....................................................................................................................... 45
ESC * m n1 n2 [ d ] k ....................................................................................................................... 45
GS * n1 n2 [ d ] n1 × n2 × 8 ............................................................................................................. 47
GS / m .................................................................................................................................................. 49
GS v 0 m xL xH yL yH d1...dk ............................................................................................................... 50
2.2.6 Status Commands ............................................................................................................................. 52
DLE EOT n ............................................................................................................................................ 52
GS a n .................................................................................................................................................. 55
GS r n ................................................................................................................................................... 58
2.2.7 Paper Detecting Commands ............................................................................................................ 60
ESC c 3 n .............................................................................................................................................. 60
ESC c 4 n .............................................................................................................................................. 61
2.2.8 Panel Switch Commands ................................................................................................................. 62
ESC c 5 n .............................................................................................................................................. 62
2.2.9 Macro Commands ............................................................................................................................. 63
GS : ........................................................................................................................................................ 63
GS ^ n1 n2 n3 .................................................................................................................................... 64
2.2.10 Cutter Commands ........................................................................................................................... 65
GS V m ......... (1)
GS V m n ..... (2) ................................................................................................................................. 65
2.2.11 Bar Code Commands ...................................................................................................................... 66
GS H n .................................................................................................................................................. 66
GS f n ................................................................................................................................................... 68
GS h n .................................................................................................................................................. 69
GS k m [d1 ...... dk] NULL ......... (1)
GS k m n [d1 ...... dn] ................ (2) ...................................................................................................... 70
GS w n ................................................................................................................................................. 76
2.2.12 Commands for Non-volatile Memory ........................................................................................... 77
F S p n m ............................................................................................................................................... 77
F S q n [xL xH yL yH d1…dk] 1… [xL xH yL yH d1…dk] n .............................................................. 78
2.2.13 Black Mark Control Commands ..................................................................................................... 80
GS FF (Valid Only at B.M Paper Selection) ........................................................................................ 80
GS < (Valid Only at B.M Paper Selection) .......................................................................................... 80
GS A m n (Valid Only at B.M Paper Selection) ................................................................................ 81
GS C0 m n ........................................................................................................................................... 82
GS C1 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 ............................................................................................................... 83
GS C2 n1 n2 ........................................................................................................................................ 84
GS C ; n1 ; n2 ; n3 ; n4 ; n5 ; ................................................................................................................ 85
GS c ....................................................................................................................................................... 86
GS I n1L n1H n2L n2H ........................................................................................................................ 87
2.2.14 Printer Function Setting Commands ............................................................................................. 88
GS (D pL pH m [a1 b1] ··· [ak bk] .......................................................................................................... 88
GS (E pL pH fn [···] ................................................................................................................................ 89
GS (E pL pH fn d1 d2 fn = 1 ................................................................................................................ 90
GS (E pL pH fn d1 d2 d3 fn = 2 ........................................................................................................... 91
GS (E pL pH fn [a1 b18 ··· b11] ··· [ak bk8 ··· bk1] fn = 3 ................................................................... 92
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 4 ....................................................................................................................... 95
GS (E pL pH fn [a1 n1L n1H]...[ak nkL nkH] fn = 5 ............................................................................ 96
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 6 ....................................................................................................................... 98
GS (E pL pH fn a d1 d2 fn = 7 ........................................................................................................... 102
GS (E pL pH fn y c1 c2[x d1...d(y × x)]k fn = 8 ................................................................................. 103
GS (E pL pH fn x c1 c2[y d1...d(y × x)]k fn = 9 ................................................................................. 104
GS (E pL pH fn c1 c2 fn = 10 ............................................................................................................. 105
GS (E pL pH fn a d1...cdk fn = 11 ..................................................................................................... 106
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 12 ................................................................................................................... 107
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 255 ................................................................................................................. 108
GS (K pL pH fn m ................................................................................................................................ 109
GS (K pL pH fn m fn = 49 .................................................................................................................. 110
— ii —
GS (K pL pH fn m fn = 50 .................................................................................................................. 111
GS (K pL pH fn m fn = 97 .................................................................................................................. 112
GS (M pL pH fn m ............................................................................................................................... 113
GS (M pL pH fn m fn = 1, 49 ............................................................................................................. 114
GS (M pL pH fn m fn = 2, 50 ............................................................................................................. 114
GS (M pL pH fn m fn = 3, 51 ............................................................................................................. 115
GS (N pL pH fn m ................................................................................................................................ 116
GS (N pL pH fn m fn = 48 ................................................................................................................. 116
2.2.15 Other Commands .......................................................................................................................... 117
DLE ENQ n ......................................................................................................................................... 117
DLE DC4 fn m t (Specification of fn = 1) ............................................................................................ 118
DLE DC4 fn d1...d7 (Specification of fn = 8) ...................................................................................... 119
ESC = n .............................................................................................................................................. 120
ESC @ ................................................................................................................................................. 121
ESC L ................................................................................................................................................... 122
ESC S .................................................................................................................................................. 123
ESC p m n1 n2 ................................................................................................................................. 124
GS ( A pL pH n m ............................................................................................................................... 125
GS I n ................................................................................................................................................. 126
GS P x y ............................................................................................................................................ 128
ESC RS ................................................................................................................................................ 129
3. CHARACTER CODE TABLE ............................................................................................................. 130
3.1 Code Page .................................................................................................................................................. 130
3.1.1 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC437 (USA, Europe Standard) ............................................................ 130
3.1.2 Codepage 00H to 7FH & Katakana ................................................................................................. 131
3.1.3 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC850 (Multilingual) .............................................................................. 132
3.1.4 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC860 (Portuguese) ............................................................................... 133
3.1.5 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC863 (Canadian-French)...................................................................... 134
3.1.6 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC865 (Nordic) ....................................................................................... 135
3.1.7 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC852 (Eastern Europe) ........................................................................ 136
3.1.8 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC857 (Russian) ..................................................................................... 137
3.1.9 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC857 (Turkish) ...................................................................................... 138
3.1.10 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC864 (Arabic) ..................................................................................... 139
3.1.11 Codepage 00H to 7FH & WPC1252 .............................................................................................. 140
3.2 International Character Code Table ......................................................................................................... 141
4. APPENDIX ........................................................................................................................................ 142
4.1 Explanation on PAGE MODE .................................................................................................................... 142
4.1.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................... 142
4.1.2 Values Set by Each Command in STANDARD MODE and PAGE MODE .................................... 142
4.1.3 Mapping of Print Data in the Print Area ........................................................................................ 143
4.1.4 Example of Using PAGE MODE ..................................................................................................... 144
4.2 Bidirectional Parallel Interface ................................................................................................................. 147
4.2.1 Parallel Interface Communication Mode ....................................................................................... 147
4.2.2 Interfacing Phases ........................................................................................................................... 147
4.2.3 Negotiation ...................................................................................................................................... 148
4.3 Identification of Send Status .................................................................................................................... 153
— iii —
1. OUTLINE
1.1 Operation Mode
CT-S300 has ESC/POSTM as control commands.
1.2 Character Set
All print data sent from the host computer to the printer are automatically converted to one-byte alphanumeric
or katakana characters (ANK) or two-byte Kanji corresponding to the characters and symbols.
NOTE: For the contents of character set, refer to Chatacter Code Table of this document.
1.3 Control Commands
1.3.1 Control Command Details
Control Commands are used for controlling the operations of the printer such as starting/stopping of printing,
line feeding, paper feeding, etc. They control all functions related to printing, such as type of characters,
enlargement of characters or setting of format.
1.3.2 How to Send Control Commands
Some methods are available for sending Control Commands from the host computer to the printer. Here, a
method of sending by BASIC programming is explained.
Example 1
Let’s print a character string “CITIZEN” in enlarged (double-height, double-width) and in normal format.
Program coding
The Control Command shows that the command name for setting the size of a character is GS !. Let’s make
a program using this code. An example is shown below.
Program List
Print Result
10 A$="CITIZEN"
20 LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"!";CHR$(&H33);
30 LPRINT A$;
40 LPRINT CHR$(&HA);CHR$(&HA);
50 LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"!";CHR$(&H00);
60 LPRINT A$;
70 END
CITIZEN
CITIZEN
In lines 20 and 50, setting and canceling of enlarging a character is sent. As a result, lines 30 and 60 print the
same character string but line 30 prints enlarged characters and line 60 cancels the enlargement and prints in
normal format.
* In this document, sample programs are in BASIC. For details of BASIC programming, refer to the manual
for BASIC.
—1—
2. CONTROL COMMANDS
2.1 ESC/POS Command List
Print Control Commands
Control
Command
LF
CR
FF
ESC FF
ESC J
ESC d
Function
Printing and paper feed
Back to printing
(1) Printing in PAGE MODE and returning to
STANDARD MODE (at the selection of PAGE MODE)
(2) Printing of Black mark and paper feeding to the top of the
print position (with Black mark paper selected)
Printing data in PAGE MODE
Printing and feeding paper in minimum pitch
Printing and feeding the paper by “n” lines
Mode
GS P
S.P.
S.P.
P
P
S.P.
S.P.
O
Print Character Commands
Commands
CAN
ESC SP
ESC !
ESC %
ESC &
ESC –
ESC ?
ESC E
ESC G
ESC M
ESC R
ESC V
ESC t
ESC {
ESC ~ J
DC3
GS !
GS B
GS b
Function
Canceling print data in PAGE MODE
Setting the right spacing of the character
Collectively specifying the printing mode
Specifying/canceling download character set
Defining the download characters
Specifying/canceling underline
Deleting download characters
Specifying/canceling emphasis printing
Specifying/canceling double strike printing
Selection of character fonts
Selecting the international character set
Specifying/canceling 90°-right-turned characters
Selecting the character code table
Specifying/canceling the inverted characters
Specifies/cancels printing in red (black-based paper)
Specifies/cancels printing in red (black-based paper)
Specifying the character size
Specifying/canceling the black/white inverted printing
Specifying/canceling the smoothing
—2—
Mode
P
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S
S.P.
S
S.P.
S
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
O
Print Position Commands
Commands
HT
ESC $
ESC D
ESC T
ESC W
ESC \
ESC a
GS $
GS L
GS W
GS \
Function
Horizontal tab
Specifying the absolute positions
Setting horizontal tab position
Selecting the character printing direction in PAGE MODE
Defining the print area in PAGE MODE
Specifying the relative position
Aligning the characters
Specifying the absolute vertical position of characters in
PAGE MODE
Setting the left margin
Setting the print area width
Specifying the relative vertical position of a character in
PAGE MODE
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
P
P
S.P.
S
P
GS P
S
S.P.
O
O
S.P.
O
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S
GS P
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
O
O
O
O
Line Feed Span Commands
Commands
ESC 2
ESC 3
Function
Specifying 1/6-inch line feed rate
Setting line feed rate of minimum pitch
O
Bit Image Commands
Commands
ESC *
GS *
GS /
GS v0
Function
Specifying the bit image mode
Defining the download bit image
Printing the downloaded bit image
Printing of raster bit image
Status Commands
Commands
DLE EOT
GS a
GS r
Function
Sending status in real-time
Enabling/disabling ASB (Automatic Status Back)
Sending status
Paper Detecting Commands
Commands
ESC c3
ESC c4
Function
Selecting the Paper Sensor valid for Paper-end signal output
Selecting the Paper Near-end Sensor valid for print stop
—3—
Panel Switch Commands
Commands
ESC c5
Function
Enabling/disabling the panel switches
Mode
S.P.
GS P
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
Mode
S.P.
GS P
O
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
Mode
S
S
GS P
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
Macro Commands
Commands
GS :
GS ^
Function
Starting/ending macro definition
Executing the macro
Cutter Commands
Commands
GS V
Function
Cutting the paper
Bar Code Commands
Commands
GS H
GS f
GS h
GS k
GS w
Function
Selecting of printing position of HRI characters
Selecting the font of HRI characters
Specifying the height of the bar code
Printing the bar code
Specifying the horizontal size (magnification) of bar code
Commands for Non-volatile Memory
Commands
FS p
FS q
Function
Printing the download NV bit images
Defining the download NV bit image
Black Mark Control Commands
Commands
GS FF
GS <
GS A
GS C0
GS C1
GS C2
GS C;
GS c
GS I
Function
Printing and ejecting Black mark paper
Initialiging the printer mechanism
Correcting the leader position of Black mark paper
Setting the numbering print mode
Setting the numbering counter mode (A)
Setting the numbering counter
Setting the numbering counter mode (B)
Print the counter
Setting the Black mark length
—4—
Printer Function Setting Commands
Commands
GS ( D
GS ( E
GS ( M
GS ( N
Function
Enabling or disabling real-time command
Printer function setting command
Customizing the printer
Designating font attribute
Mode
S
S
S
S
GS P
Mode
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
S
P
S.P.
S
S.P.
S.P.
S.P.
GS P
Other Commands
Commands
DLE ENQ
DLE DC4
ESC =
ESC @
ESC L
ESC S
ESC p
GS ( A
GS I
GS P
GS RS
Function
Real-time request to printer
Outputting specified pulse in real-time
Data input control
Initializing the printer
Selecting PAGE MODE
Selecting STANDARD MODE
Generating the specified pulses
Execution of test printing
Sending the printer ID
Specifying the basic calculation pitch
Sound buzzer
In the Mode column: S = STANDARD MODE, P = PAGE MODE
O = shows the command affected by GS P.
—5—
2.1.1 Description of Items
XXXX
[Function]
The name of a command.
[Code]
The string of codes comprising the command is represented by < >H for hexadecimal
numbers, < >B for binary numbers, and < > for decimal numbers, [ ] k denotes the
number of repetition of “k” times.
[Range]
Indicates the values (setting range) of arguments of the command.
Note: If values outside the defined domain specified with control codes are used,
malfunctions could possibly occur, so be sure to use the values within the defined
domain.
[Outline]
Describes the functions of the command.
[Caution]
Describes important points and cautionary notes, as required.
[Default]
Initial values for the command if it has arguments.
[See Also]
Describes commands related to the command when it is used.
[Sample Program]
Describes examples of coding on Quick-Basic.
* Examples are only for reference. They may vary depending on language and
version. For details, please refer to a manual in your language.
[Print Results]
Describes the print results obtained by executing the above programs. However, the
print results shown are different in scale from actual print results.
—6—
2.2 Command Details
2.2.1 Print Control Commands
LF
[Function]
Printing and paper feed
[Code]
<0A>H
[Outline]
Prints data inside the print buffer and feeds paper based on the line feed amount
having been set.
[Caution]
After this command is executed, the beginning of the line is taken as the start position
for the next point.
[See Also]
ESC 2, ESC 3
[Sample Program]
LPRINT "AAA";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT "BBB";CHR$(&HA);CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT "CCC";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
AAA ← Print and line feed
BBB ← Print and line feed
← Line feed only
CCC ← Print and line feed
—7—
CR
[Function]
Back to printing
[Code]
<0D>H
[Outline]
(1) When memory switch 1-3 is OFF:
This command is ignored.
(2) When memory switch 1-3 is ON:
The same operation as LF is executed.
[See Also]
LF
[Sample Program]
LPRINT "AAA";CHR$(&HD);
LPRINT "BBB";CHR$(&HD);
LPRINT CHR$(&HD);
LPRINT "CCC";CHR$(&HD);
[Print Results]
In case of (2)
AAA ←
BBB ←
←
CCC ←
Print and line feed
Print and line feed
Line feed only
Print and line feed
—8—
FF
[Function]
(1) Printing in PAGE MODE and returning to STANDARD MODE (at the selection of
PAGE MODE)
(2) Printing of Black mark and paper feeding to the top of the print position (with
Black mark paper selected)
[Code]
<0C>H
(1) At selection of PAGE MODE
[Outline]
Executes a batch printout of the data mapped in the entire print area, and then returns
to STANDARD MODE.
[Caution]
•
•
•
•
[See Also]
Appendix 4.1.4 “Example of Using PAGE MODE”
ESC FF, ESC L, ESC S
All mapped data is erased after printout.
The print area set up by ESC W is initialized.
This command does not execute a paper cut.
After this command is executed, the beginning of the line is taken as the start
position for the next print.
• This command is only effective when the PAGE MODE is selected.
(2) At selection of Black mark paper (valid only for Black mark specification)
[Outline]
This command prints the data in the printer buffer and searches for the head of the
next Black mark (Black mark position)
[Caution]
• This command does not execute a paper cut.
• After this command is executed, the beginning of the line is taken as the start
position for the next print.
[See Also]
GS FF
—9—
ESC FF
[Function]
Printing data in PAGE MODE
[Code]
<1B>H<0C>H
[Outline]
Executes a batch printout of the data mapped in the entire print area in PAGE MODE.
[Caution]
• This command is only effective when PAGE MODE is selected.
• Mapped data, as well as the ESC T and ESC W settings, and the character mapping
position are held even after printing.
[See Also]
Appendix 4.1 “Explanation on PAGE MODE”
FF, ESC L, ESC S
ESC J n
[Function]
Printing and feeding paper in minimum pitch
[Code]
<1B>H<4A>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Prints the data held in the print buffer and feeds paper by [n × basic calculation pitch]
inches.
[Caution]
• After this command is executed, the beginning of the line is taken as the start position
for the next print.
• The line feed width can be set separately for the STANDARD and PAGE MODES.
• This command does not affect the line feed width defined by ESC 2 or ESC 3.
• The basic calculation pitch is set by GS P.
• Fractions resulting from calculation are corrected with the minimum pitch of the
mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• In STANDARD MODE, this command uses the vertical (paper feed direction) basic
calculation pitch (y).
• In PAGE MODE, this command acts differently depending on the start point:
(1) If the start point specified by ESC T is top left or bottom right, the command
uses the vertical (Paper feed direction) basic calculation pitch (y).
(2) If the start point specified by ESC T is top right or bottom left, the command
uses the horizontal (Perpendicular to the paper feed direction) basic calculation
pitch (x).
The maximum settable line feed width is 1016 mm (40 inches). A setting greater
than this maximum is trimmed to the maximum.
[Default]
The initial value is not defined.
[Sample Program]
Refer to Sample Program and Print Results for ESC 2.
n
255
— 10 —
ESC d n
[Function]
Printing and feeding the paper by “n” lines
[Code]
<1B>H<64>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Prints data in the print buffer and feeds paper by “n” lines. Specified lines do not
remain.
[Caution]
• After this command is executed, the beginning of the line is taken as the start position
for the next print.
• If [n × line feed width] exceeds approximately 1016 mm, this command feeds paper
by approximately 1016 mm (40 inches).
[Default]
The initial value is not defined.
n
255
[Sample Program]
LPRINT "AAAAA";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"d";CHR$(2);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
AAAAA
<
2/6-inch line feed
AAAAA
<
[Print Results]
— 11 —
2.2.2 Print Character Commands
CAN
[Function]
Canceling print data in PAGE MODE
[Code]
<18>H
[Outline]
Erases all data contained in the currently effective print area in PAGE MODE.
[Caution]
• This command is only effective when PAGE MODE is selected.
• If the previously established print area overlaps the currently effective print area,
the overlapped data in the previously established area will be erased.
[See Also]
Appendix 4.1 “Explanation on PAGE MODE”
ESC L, ESC W
— 12 —
ESC SP n
[Function]
Setting the right spacing of the character
[Code]
<1B>H<20>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Sets the right spacing of character to [n × basic calculation pitch] inches.
[Caution]
• If the horizontal magnification of character is 2 or more, the right spacing increases
with the magnification.
• Does not affect Kanji.
• The right spacing can be set separately for the STANDARD and PAGE MODES.
• The basic calculation pitch is set by GS P. Once defined, the right spacing is not
changed if the basic calculation pitch is changed by GS P.
• Fractions resulting from calculation are corrected with the minimum pitch of the
mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• In STANDARD MODE, this command uses the horizontal basic calculation pitch (x).
• In PAGE MODE, the basic calculation pitch used by this command depends on the
start point:
(1) If the start point specified by ESC T is top left or bottom right, the command
uses the horizontal basic calculation pitch (x).
(2) If the start point specified by ESC T is top right or bottom left, the command
uses the vertical basic calculation pitch (y).
• The maximum right spacing is capable of approximately 31.906 mm (255/203
inches). A setting greater than this maximum is trimmed to the maximum.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
GS P
n
255
[Sample Program]
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
CHR$(&H1B);" ";CHR$(0);
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
CHR$(&H1B);" ";CHR$(1);
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
CHR$(&H1B);" ";CHR$(12);
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
AAAAA
A A A A A
A A A A
A
← 0-dot space
← 1-dot space
← 12-dots space
— 13 —
ESC ! n
[Function]
Collectively specifying the printing mode
[Code]
<1B>H<21>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Printing mode is assigned.
n
255
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Function
Character Font
Undefined
Undefined
Emphasis
Double height
Double width
Undefined
Underline
Value
0
1
Font A (12 × 24) Font B (9 × 17)
—
—
—
—
Canceled
Specified
Canceled
Specified
Canceled
Specified
—
—
Canceled
Specified
[Caution]
• With double height and double width being specified simultaneously, quadruple
characters are created.
• An underline is attached to the full character width, which, however, is not attached
to the part having been skipped by the horizontal tab (HT). Neither is it attached to
90°-right-turned characters.
• The underline width is as specified by the ESC – command. (The default setting is
1 dot width.)
• Setting by this command is invalid for Kanji except setting and canceling of enhanced
printing.
• In case characters with different vertical magnification ratios coexist on the same
line, they are printed on the same base line.
• ESC E, ESC M, ESC –, and GS ! can individually set or cancel the mode but the
command processed last is valid.
• Setting or cancelling of enhanced 3rd bit is valid for alphanumric and kana and
kanji. Other print mode is valid only for alphanumeric and kana characters.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC E, ESC –, GS !
— 14 —
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&H00);"H";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&H01);"H";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&H08);"H";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&H10);"H";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&H20);"H";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&H80);"H";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&HB9);"H";
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
Font B + Emphasis + Quadruple + Underline
Font A + Underline
Font A + Double width
Font A + Double height
Font A + Emphasis
Font B
Font A
— 15 —
ESC % n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling download character set
[Code]
<1B>H<25>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Specifying/canceling download characters.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
n0
0
1
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC &
255
Function
Canceling download character set
Specifying download character set
[Sample Program]
GOSUB SETCHR
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"%";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "@A";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"%";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "@A";CHR$(&HA);
END
SETCHR:
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"&";
LPRINT CHR$(3);"@";"A";
FOR J=1 TO 2
READ REP
LPRINT CHR$(REP);
FOR I=1 TO REP*3
READ D
LPRINT CHR$(D);
NEXT I
NEXT J
RETURN
[Print Results]
← Internal character set
← Download character
— 16 —
DATA 6
DATA &HFF,&H80,&H00
DATA &H80,&H80,&H00
DATA &H80,&H80,&H00
DATA &H80,&H80,&H00
DATA &HFF,&HFF,&HFF
DATA &HFF,&HFF,&HFF
DATA 12
DATA &HFF,&HFF,&HFF
DATA &H80,&H07,&HF9
DATA &H80,&HFF,&HF9
DATA &H87,&HFE,&H01
DATA &H9F,&H06,&H01
DATA &HF8,&H06,&H01
DATA &HF8,&H06,&H01
DATA &H9F,&H06,&H01
DATA &H87,&HFE,&H01
DATA &H80,&HFF,&HF9
DATA &H80,&H07,&HF9
DATA &HFF,&HFF,&HFF
ESC & s n m [a [p] s × a] m–n+1
[Function]
Defining the download characters
[Code]
<1B>H<26>H<s>H<n>H<m>H[<a>H<p1>H<p2>··<ps × a>]m – n + 1
[Range]
s = 3 (Font A, B)
s = 2 (Font C)
32 n m 126
0 a 12 (Font A)
0 a 9 (Font B)
0 a 8 (Font C)
0 p1 ⋅ ⋅ ps × a 255
[Outline]
Defines the font of download characters of alphanumeric characters.
• “s” indicates the number of bytes in vertical direction.
• “n” indicates the start character code and “m” the end character code. To define
only one character, set n = m.
• Character codes definable includes 95 ASCII codes in total in the range of <20>H to
<7E>H.
• “a” indicates the number of dots to be defined in horizontal direction.
• “p” is the data to be defined, which indicate a pattern equal to “a” dots in horizontal
direction from the left end. The rest of the pattern on the right side is filled with
space.
• The number of data to be defined is “s × a”.
• Download characters thus defined remain valid until redefinition, execution of ESC
@, GS *, FS q, GS (A, deletion by ESC ?, or power OFF is performed.
[Caution]
• Download characters and download bit images cannot be defined simultaneously.
• Running this command clears the definition of the download bit image.
[Default]
Same as the internal character set.
[See Also]
ESC %, ESC ?
[Example]
12 dots
p1
p4
p34
MSB
24 dots p2
p5
p35
p3
p6
p36
LSB
Font A
Create each data bit by setting “1” for a printed dot and “0” for an unprinted dot.
[Sample Program]
Refer to Sample Program and Print Results for ESC %.
— 17 —
ESC – n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling underline
[Code]
<1B>H<2D>H<n>
[Range]
0 n 2
48 n 50
[Outline]
Specifying/canceling an underline.
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
Function
Canceling underline
Setting 1-dot width underline
Setting 2-dot width underline
[Caution]
• An underline is attached to the full character width. It is, however, not attached to
the part having been skipped by horizontal tab (HT) command.
• An underline is not attached to 90°-right-turned characters and white-on-black
character.
• Underline can also be specified/canceled by ESC ! but the setting of command last
processed is valid.
• Specifying/canceling by this command is not valid for kanji.
• Underline width is constant in the specified thickness regardless of the character
size.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC !, FS –
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"-";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "AAAAA";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"-";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
Underline canceled
←→
AAAAAAAAAA
←→
Underline specified
— 18 —
ESC ? n
[Function]
Deleting download characters
[Code]
<1B>H<3F>H<n>
[Range]
32
[Outline]
Deletes the downloaded characters of specified code.
[Caution]
• The character “n” indicates the character code used to delete the defined pattern.
After the deletion, characters are printed in the same pattern as the internal
characters.
• This command deletes the code-defined pattern of the character font selected by
ESC !.
• This command is ignored if the specified character code is undefined.
[See Also]
ESC &, ESC %
n
126
— 19 —
ESC E n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling emphasis printing
[Code]
<1B>H<45>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Specifying/canceling the emphasized characters.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
255
n0
0
1
Function
Canceling emphasis printing
Specifying emphasis printing
[Caution]
• Emphasis printing can also be specified/canceled by ESC ! but the setting of
command last processed is valid.
• Valid for all character types except HRI characters.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC !
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"E";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "AAABBB";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"E";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAABBB";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
AAABBB
AAABBB
← Emphasis canceled
← Emphasis specified
— 20 —
ESC G n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling double strike printing
[Code]
<1B>H<47>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Specifying/canceling the double strike printing.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
255
n0
0
1
Function
Canceling double strike printing
Specifying double strike printing
[Caution]
• With this printer, double-strike printing and emphasis printing provide completely
the same results.
• Valid for all character types except HRI characters.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC E
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"G";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "AAABBB";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"G";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAABBB";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
AAABBB
AAABBB
← Double strike printing canceled
← Double strike printing specified
— 21 —
ESC M n
[Function]
Selection of character fonts
[Code]
<1B>H<4D>H<n>
[Range]
0 n 2
48 n 50
[Outline]
Selects character fonts.
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
Function
Selection of font A (12 × 24)
Selection of font B (9 × 24)
Selection of font C (8 × 16)
[Caution]
• ESC ! can also select fonts, but the setting made by the command that has last
been processed becomes valid.
• In case font C selection ESC R is other than n = 8 (katakana), codepage PC437 is
printed.
• In case ESC R is n = 8 (katakana), codepage katakana is printed.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC !
ESC R n
[Function]
Selecting the international character set
[Code]
<1B>H<52>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Depending on the value of “n”, one of the following character sets is specified;
n
13
n
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Character Set
U.S.A.
France
Germany
U.K.
Denmark I
Sweden
Italy
[Default]
n = 0 (Overseas), n = 8 (Domestic)
[See Also]
3.2 “International Character Code Table”
— 22 —
n
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Character Set
Spain I
Japan
Norway
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Korea
ESC V n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling 90°-right-turned characters
[Code]
<1B>H<56>H<n>
[Range]
0 n 2
48 n 50
[Outline]
Specifying/canceling 90°-right-turned characters.
n
0, 48
1, 49
Function
Canceling 90°-right-turned characters
Specifying 90°-right-turned characters
[Caution]
• No underlines are attached to 90°-right-turned characters.
• This command does not affect PAGE MODE but setting is maintained.
[Default]
n=0
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"V";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "AAAAA";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"V";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
90° rotation canceled
←→
A
A
A
A
A
A A A A A
←→
90° rotation specified
— 23 —
ESC t n
[Function]
Selecting the character code table
[Code]
<1B>H<74>H<n>
[Range]
0 n 9
16 n 19
n = 22, 255
[Outline]
Selecting the character code table.
The character code table is selected based on the value of “n”.
n
0
1
2
3
4
5
6, 18
7, 17
8
9, 16
19
26
40
255
[Default]
Character Code Table
Codepage PC437
Katakana
Codepage PC850
Codepage PC860
Codepage PC863
Codepage PC865
Codepage PC852
Codepage PC866
Codepage PC857
WPC1252
Codepage PC858
Thai code 18
Codepage PC864
Space Page (For user setting)
This is a character code table specified with the value of “n”.
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"t";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "n=0 ";
LPRINT CHR$(C);
FOR C=&HB1 TO &HB5
NEXT C
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"t";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "n=1 ";
FOR C=&HB1 TO &HB5
LPRINT CHR$(C);
NEXT C
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
n=0
← n = 0
n= 9
← n = 9
— 24 —
ESC { n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling the inverted characters
[Code]
<1B>H<7B>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Specifying/canceling inverted characters.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
n0
0
1
255
Condition
Canceling inverted characters.
Specifying inverted characters.
[Caution]
• This command is valid only when it is specified at the beginning of a line.
• This command does not affect the PAGE MODE.
[Default]
n=0
[Sample Program]
LLPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"{";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "TEN";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT "ELEVEN";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"{";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "TEN";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT "ELEVEN";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
Inversion canceled
Inversion specified
— 25 —
Paper feed direction
ESC ~ J n (Valid in CBM1000II-Compatible Mode)
[Function]
Specifies/cancels printing in red (black-based paper)
[Code]
<1B>H<7E>H<4A>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Specifies or cancels printing in red.
• Red printing is valid on black-based thermal paper. Specifies or cancels printing in
black on red-based thermal paper.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
255
n0
0
1
[Caution]
•
•
•
•
[Default]
n=0
Function
Black-based Paper
Cancels red printing
Specifies red printing
Red-based Paper
Cancels black printing
Specifies black printing
Valid when 2-color paper is specified by the ESC ( E command.
Valid only when dedicated thermal paper is used.
This command must not be used for normal thermal paper.
Conducting pulse amount after cancellation is standard value. At the time of setting,
conducting pulse amount is increased to change the coloring.
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"~";"J";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"~";"J";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
AAAAA
AAAAA
←
←
Red printing
Black printing
* When dedicated thermal paper (black-based paper) is used.
— 26 —
DC3 n (Valid in CBM1000II-Compatible Mode)
[Function]
Specifies/cancels printing in red (black-based paper)
[Code]
<13>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Specifies or cancels printing in red.
• Red printing is valid on black-based thermal paper. Specifies or cancels printing in
black on red-based thermal paper.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
255
n0
0
1
[Caution]
•
•
•
•
•
[Default]
n=0
Function
Black-based Paper
Cancels red printing
Specifies red printing
Red-based Paper
Cancels black printing
Specifies black printing
Valid when 2-color paper is specified by the ESC ( E command.
Valid only at the top of a line.
Valid only when dedicated thermal paper is used.
This command must not be used for normal thermal paper.
Conducting pulse amount after cancellation is standard value. At the time of setting,
conducting pulse amount is increased to change the coloring.
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"~";"J";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"~";"J";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
AAAAA
AAAAA
←
←
Red printing
Black printing
* When dedicated thermal paper (black-based paper) is used.
— 27 —
GS ! n
[Function]
Specifying the character size
[Code]
<1D>H<21>H<n>
[Range]
0
1
[Outline]
n 255, where:
vertical magnification
8, 1
horizontal magnification
8
Specifies the character size (Vertical and horizontal magnification).
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Function
Vertical magnification
specification
Refer to Table 2, “Vertical
Magnification”.
Horizontal magnification
specification
Refer to Table 1, “Horizontal
Magnification”.
Table 1 Horizontal Magnification
Hex.
00
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Hex. Number
Value
Decimal Number
Decimal
Magnification
0
1 × (Standard)
16
2 × (Double width)
32
3×
48
4×
64
5×
80
6×
96
7×
112
8×
Table 2 Vertical Magnification
Hex.
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
Decimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Magnification
1 × (Standard)
2 × (Double )
3×
4×
5×
6×
7×
8×
[Caution]
• This command is valid for all characters (alphanumeric, kana, and kanji) except for
HRI characters.
• This command is ignored if either the vertical magnification or horizontal
magnification is out of the defined range.
• In STANDARD MODE, the vertical direction is defined as the paper feed direction,
and the horizontal direction is defined as the direction perpendicular to the paper
feed.
• Setting memory SW 3-7 to ON allows the horizontal and vertical relations to be
interchanged when 90°-right-turnning of character is specified.
• In PAGE MODE, the vertical direction means the top-bottom direction of each
character. The horizontal direction means the side-to-side direction of each
character. If characters of different vertical magnification are contained in a line,
the baseline of each character is lined up.
• Horizontal and vertical magnification can also be specified/canceled by ESC ! but
the setting of command last processed is valid.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC !
— 28 —
GS B n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling the black/white inverted printing
[Code]
<1D>H<42>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
This command specifies or cancels the black/white inverted printing.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
n0
0
1
255
Function
The black/white inverted printing is canceled.
The black/white inverted printing is specified.
[Caution]
• The black/white inversion works on internal and downloaded characters.
• The black/white inversion works also on the right spacing of characters defined by
ESC SP.
• This command does not affect the bit image, downloaded bit image, bar code, HRI
characters, or the skip area specified by HT, ESC $, or ESC \.
• This command does not affect the space between lines.
• Black/white inversion specification takes precedence over underline specification.
Underline printing specified is, therefore, nullified if black/white inversion is
specified; the underline setting, however, remains unchanged.
[Default]
n=0
— 29 —
GS b n
[Function]
Specifying/canceling the smoothing
[Code]
<1D>H<62>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
This command specifies or cancels the smoothing.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
255
n0
0
1
Function
The smoothing is canceled.
The smoothing is specified.
[Caution]
• Smoothing is effective to printer’s internal characters, download characters, and
non-standard characters.
• Smoothing is not effective to characters with either of their vertical or horizontal
magnification is ×1.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
ESC !, GS !
— 30 —
2.2.3 Print Position Commands
HT
[Function]
Horizontal tab
[Code]
<09>H
[Outline]
Shifts the printing position to the next horizontal tab position.
• Ignored when the next horizontal tab position has not been set.
[Caution]
The horizontal tab position is set by ESC D.
[Default]
At the selection of font A, tabs are set every 8 characters (at 9th, 17th, 25th, ...) with
right space amount of a character set at 0 and horizontal enlargement rate of a
character set at 1.
[See Also]
ESC D
[Sample Program]
LPRINT "012345678901234567890";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H9);"AAA";
LPRINT CHR$(&H9);"BBB";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"D";
LPRINT CHR$(3);CHR$(7);CHR$(14);CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(&H9);"AAA";
LPRINT CHR$(&H9);"BBB";
LPRINT CHR$(&H9);"CCC";CHR$(&HA);
[Printing Result]
12345678901234567890
AAA BBB
← Initially set horizontal tab
AAA BBB
CCC
← When set to the 4th, 8th, and 15th columns
— 31 —
ESC $ n1 n2
[Function]
Specifying the absolute positions
[Code]
<1B>H<24>H<n1><n2>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
The printing start position is specified by the absolute position from the left margin
with the number of dots divided by 256 and quatient specified as “n2” and remainder
as “n1”.
Therefore, the printing start position is designated as n1 + n2 × 256 × basic calculation
pitch from the left margin.
[Caution]
• The basic calculation pitch is set by GS P. After the line feed width is set, if the
basic calculation by GS P leaves a fraction, the fraction is corrected with the
minimum pitch of the mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• In STANDARD MODE, this command uses the horizontal (Paper feed direction) basic
calculation pitch (x).
• In PAGE MODE, this command acts differently depending on the start point:
(1) If the start point specified by ESC T is top right or bottom left, the command
uses the vertical (Paper feed direction) basic calculation pitch (y).
(2) If the start point specified by ESC T is top left or bottom right , the command
uses the horizontal (Perpendicular to the paper feed direction) basic calculation
pitch (x). Specification beyond the end of the line is ignored.
[See Also]
ESC \, GS P, GS \, GS $
n1
n2
255
255
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"$";
LPRINT CHR$(0);CHR$(0);"A";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"$";
LPRINT CHR$(50);CHR$(0);"B";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"$";
LPRINT CHR$(0);CHR$(1);"C";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"$";
LPRINT CHR$(100);CHR$(0);"A";
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"\";
LPRINT CHR$(&HC2);CHR$(&HFF);"B";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
Absolute position specified
0
50
A
B
B
Relative position specified
100
256
C
A
–62
— 32 —
ESC D [ n ] k NULL
[Function]
Setting horizontal tab position
[Code]
<1B>H<44>H [<n>] k<00>H
[Range]
1
0
[Outline]
Specifying a horizontal tab position.
• “n” indicates the number of columns from the beginning to the horizontal tab
position. Note, however, that “n = set position – 1”. For example, to set the position
at 9th column, n = 8 is to be specified.
• “k” denotes the number of horizontal tab positions you want to set.
• The tab position is set at a position where it is “character width × n” from the
beginning of a line. The character width, at this time, includes the space on the
right. In double width characters, it is made double the ordinary case.
• Tab positions that can be specified are maximum 32. Specifying tab positions
exceeding this limit is ignored.
• <n> k, which denotes a setting position, is input in the increasing order and ends at
<00> H.
• ESC D <NULL> clears all the set tab positions. Following clearing, the horizontal
tab command is ignored.
[Caution]
• When the data, <n> k, is equal to or smaller than its preceding data, <n> k-1, it is
assumed that tab setting is finished. If this is the case, the next data onward will be
processed as normal data.
• When the data, <n> k, exceeds a 1-line print area, set the horizontal tab position, as
“Set column position = Maximum print columns + 1”.
• The horizontal tab position does not change even if the character width is altered
after setting the horizontal tab position.
[Default]
• At the selection of font A, tabs are set every 8 characters (at 9th, 17th, 25th, ...) with
right space amount of a character set at 0 and horizontal enlargement rate of a
character set at 1.
[See Also]
HT
[Sample Program]
Refer to Sample Program and Print Results for HT.
n
k
255
32
— 33 —
ESC T n
[Function]
Selecting the character printing direction in PAGE MODE
[Code]
<1B>H<54>H<n>
[Range]
0 n 3
48 n 51
[Outline]
Selects the direction and start point of character printing in PAGE MODE.
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Printing Direction
Left to right
Bottom to top
Right to left
Top to bottom
D
A
Start Point
Top left (“A” in the figure)
Bottom left (“B” in the figure)
Bottom right (“C” in the figure)
Top right (“D” in the figure)
Paper feed direction
[Caution]
• When STANDARD MODE is selected, this command only executes the internal
flagging of the printer without affecting the printing in STANDARD MODE.
• The character mapping position will be the start point of the print area specified by
ESC W.
• The basic calculation pitch (x or y) used by the following commands varies with the
start point.
(1) If the start point is the top left or bottom right (The characters are mapped in
the direction perpendicular to the paper feed),
• Commands using x: ESC SP, ESC S, ESC \
• Commands using y: ESC 3, ESC J, GS $, GS \
(2) If the start point is the top right or bottom left (The characters are mapped in
the paper feed direction),
• Commands using x: ESC 3, ESC J, GS $, GS \
• Commands using y: ESC SP, ESC S, ESC \
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
Appendix 4.1 “Explanation on PAGE MODE”
ESC $, ESC L, ESC W, ESC \, GS $, GS P, GS \
— 34 —
ESC W xL xH yL yH dxL dxH dyL dyH
[Function]
Defining the print area in PAGE MODE
[Code]
<1B>H<57>H<xL><xH><yL><yH><dxL><dxH><dyL><dyH>
[Range]
0 xL, xH, yL, yH, dxL, dxH, dyL, dyH 255,
except for dxL = dxH = 0 or dyL = dyH = 0
[Outline]
Defines the location and size of the print area.
• Horizontal start point = [(xL + xH × 256) × basic calculation pitch] inches
• Vertical start point = [(yL + yH × 256) × basic calculation pitch] inches
• Horizontal length = [(dxL + dxH × 256) × basic calculation pitch] inches
• Vertical length = [(dyL + dyH × 256) × basic calculation pitch] inches
[Caution]
• When STANDARD MODE is selected, this command only executes the internal
flagging of the printer without affecting the printing in STANDARD MODE.
• If the horizontal start point or vertical start point is out of the printable area, this
command is canceled and the next data is handled as normal data.
• If the horizontal length or vertical length is 0, this command is canceled and the
next data is handled as normal data.
• The character mapping position will be the start point specified by ESC T in the
print area.
• If the “horizontal start point + horizontal length” is greater than the horizontal
printable area, the “horizontal printable area – horizontal start point” is taken as
the horizontal length.
• If the “vertical start point + vertical length” is greater than the vertical printable
area, the “vertical printable area – vertical start point” is taken as the vertical length.
• The basic calculation pitch is defined by GS P. Once defined, the print area is not
changed if the basic calculation pitch is changed by GS P.
• Fractions resulting from calculations are corrected with the minimum pitch of the
mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• The horizontal start point and horizontal length are calculated with the basic
calculation pitch (x). The vertical start point and vertical length are calculated with
the basic calculation pitch (y).
• The figure below illustrates the print area, where X = horizontal start point, Y =
vertical start point, Dx = horizontal length, and Dy = vertical length.
Print Area
<
Paper
Paper feed direction
The printable area for this printer is approximately 72.070 mm (576/203 inches)
horizontally and 117 mm (938/203 inches) vertically.
[Default]
xL = xH = yL = yH = 0
When paper width is 80 mm: dxL = 64, dxH = 2, dyL = 126, dyH = 6
When paper width is 58 mm: dxL = 128, dxH = 1, dyL = 126, dyH = 6
[See Also]
Appendix 4.1 “Explanation on PAGE MODE”
CAN, ESC L, ESC T, GS P
— 35 —
ESC \ nL nH
[Function]
Specifying the relative position
[Code]
<1B>H<5C>H<nL><nH>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
This command specifies the next print start position in a relative position with respect
to the current position. The next print start position will be at a point of [(nL + nH ×
256) × basic calculation pitch] inches away from the current position.
[Caution]
• Specification of a position outside the print area is ignored.
• If a new position is specified to the right of the current position in the direction of
printing, it should be specified as positive (+). If it is to the left, it should be as
negative (–).
• A negative value is the complement of 65536. For example, to move the position
by N pitches to the left, specify it as:
nL + nH × 256 = 65536 – N
• The basic calculation pitch is set by GS P.
• Fractions resulting from calculation are corrected with the minimum pitch of the
mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• In STANDARD MODE, this command uses the horizontal basic calculation pitch (x).
• In PAGE MODE, this command acts differently depending on the start point:
(1) If the start point specified by ESC T is top left or bottom right, the command
specifies the relative position in the direction perpendicular to the paper feed
(The character’s side-to-side direction), using the horizontal basic calculation
pitch (x).
(2) If the start point is top right or bottom left, the command specifies the relative
position in the paper feed direction (The character’s side-to-side direction), using
the vertical basic calculation pitch (y).
[See Also]
ESC $, GS P
[Sample Program]
Refer to Sample Program and Print Results for ESC $.
nL
nH
255
255
— 36 —
ESC a n
[Function]
Aligning the characters
[Code]
<1B>H<61>H<n>
[Range]
0 n 2
48 n 50
[Outline]
All the printed data within one line are aligned in the specified position.
Depending on the value “n”, positional alignment is carried out as shown in the
table below:
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
Position
Left end alignment
Centering
Right end alignment
[Caution]
• This command is valid only when it is inputted at the beginning of a line.
• This command does not affect the PAGE MODE.
• Executes justification in the print area being set.
[Default]
n=0
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"a";CHR$(0);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"a";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"a";CHR$(2);
LPRINT "AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
<
AAAAA
AAAAA
Left-justified
Paper feed direction
AAAAA
Centered Right-justified
— 37 —
GS $ nL nH
[Function]
Specifying the absolute position of character vertical direction in PAGE MODE
[Code]
<1D>H<24>H<nL><nH>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Specifies the vertical position of character at the start point of data development in
PAGE MODE using absolute position based on the start position. The position of
vertical direction of character at the start position of next data development is the
position [(nL + nH × 256) × basic calculation pitch] from the start position.
[Caution]
• This command is ignored except at PAGE MODE selection.
• Absolute position setting exceeding the specified print area is ignored.
• Position in horizontal direction of character at the start position of data development
is not shifted.
• Start point used as the reference is set by <ESC T>.
• The following operation occurs at the start point of <ESC T>.
(1) When start point is set at “upper left” or “lower right”, the absolute position of
paper feed direction (vertical direction of character) is set. In this case, basic
calculation pitch (y) of vertical direction is used.
(2) When start point is set at “upper right” or “lower left”, the absolute position of
vertical direction of paper feed (vertical direction of character) is set. In this
case, basic calculation pitch (x) of horizontal direction is used.
• Basic calculation pitch is set by <GS P>.
• When fractional number is caused by the calculation, it is corrected by the minimum
pitch of mechanism and the rest is discarded.
[See Also]
ESC $, ESC T, ESC W, ESC \, GS P, GS \
nL
255, 0
nH
255
— 38 —
GS L nL nH
[Function]
Setting the left margin
[Code]
<1D>H<4C>H<nL><nH>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
This command sets the left margin specified by nL and nH.
The value of the left margin is [(nL + nH × 256) × basic calculation pitch] inches.
nL
nH
255
255
Printable area
Left
margin
Print area
width
[Caution]
• This command only works when it is entered at the beginning of a line.
• When PAGE MODE is selected, this command only executes the internal flagging
of the printer.
• The setting of this command does not affect PAGE MODE.
• The maximum settable left margin is equal to the horizontal printable area. A
setting greater than this maximum is trimmed to the maximum.
• The basic calculation pitch is defined by GS P. Once defined, the left margin is not
changed if the basic calculation pitch is changed by GS P.
• The left margin is calculated with the horizontal basic calculation pitch (x) set by
GS P. A fraction resulting from the calculation is corrected with the minimum pitch
of the mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• When mapping character data, if the print area specified is not wide enough to
accommodate one character of the current font, only the line for that character
data is handled as follows:
(1) The print area is extended toward the right to be equivalent to one character of
the current font, but not wider than the printable area.
(2) If an area for one character cannot be provided as a result of step (1), the print
area is extended toward the left. (So, the left margin is decreased.)
• When mapping non-character data (bit image, downloaded bit image, or bar code),
if the print area specified is narrower than 9-bits, only the line for that data is handled
as follows:
(1) The print area is extended toward the left (so, the left margin is decreased)
until it is 9-dot wide, but not wider than the printable area.
[Default]
nL = 0, nH = 0
[See Also]
GS P, GS W
— 39 —
GS W nL nH
[Function]
Setting the print area width
[Code]
<1D>H<57>H<nL><nH>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
Sets the print area width specified by nL and nH.
The print area width will be [(nL + nH × 256) × basic calculation pitch] inches.
nL
nH
255
255
Printable area
Left
margin
[Caution]
Print area
width
• This command only works when it is entered at the beginning of a line.
• When PAGE MODE is selected, this command only executes the internal flagging
of the printer.
• The setting of this command does not affect PAGE MODE.
• If the value entered with this command exceeds the printable area for one line, the
entire area except the left margin is set as the print area width.
• The basic calculation pitches are defined by GS P. Once defined, the print area
width is not changed if the basic calculation pitch is changed by GS P.
• The print area width is calculated with the horizontal basic calculation pitch (x)
defined by GS P. A fraction resulting from the calculation is corrected with the
minimum pitch of the mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• If the first character to be mapped at the beginning of a line has a width (including
the right spacing) greater than the print area width, only that line is handled as
follows:
(1) The print area is extended toward the right to accommodate the first character,
but not wider than the printable area.
Printable area
A
(1) Extended toward the right
Left margin
Print area width
— 40 —
(2) If a sufficient area cannot be provided as a result of step (1), the print area is
extended toward the left (so, the left margin is decreased).
Printable area
A
Left margin
(2) The left margin
is trimmed
(1) Extended
toward the right
Print area width
(3) If a sufficient area cannot be provided as a result of step (2), the right spacing is
trimmed.
• When mapping a bit image (or downloaded bit image), if the print area is narrower
than the minimum width of the bit image (two dots for single density, or one dot
for double density), only the line for that image is handled as follows:
(1) The print area is extended toward the left (so, the left margin is decreased)
until it is equal to the minimum width of the image, but not wider than the
printable area.
[Default]
When paper width is 80 mm: nL = 64, nH = 2
When paper width is 58 mm: nL = 128, nH = 1
[See Also]
GS L, GS P
— 41 —
GS \ nL nH
[Function]
Specifying the relative vertical position of a character in PAGE MODE
[Code]
<1D>H<5C>H<nL><nH>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
This command is used in PAGE MODE to specify the vertical position of a character
in the data mapping start position, in a relative position with respect to the current
position. The next data mapping start position will be at a point [(nL + nH × 256) ×
basic calculation pitch] inches away from the current position.
[Caution]
• This command is ignored when PAGE MODE is not selected.
• If a new position is specified for a character located beneath the current position, it
should be specified as positive (+). If it is above the current position, it should be
negative (–).
• A negative value is the complement of 65536. For example, to move the position
by N pitches up, specify it as:
nL + nH × 256 = 65536 – N
• The specification of a relative position outside the specified print area is ignored.
• Depending on the start point specified by ESC T, this command acts as follows:
(1) If the start point is the top left or bottom right, the command specifies the
relative position in the paper feed direction (the character’s top-bottom direction)
using the vertical basic calculation pitch (y).
(2) If the start point is the top right or bottom left, the command specifies the
relative position in the direction perpendicular to the paper feed (the character’s
top-bottom direction) using the horizontal basic calculation pitch (x).
• The basic calculation pitch is set by GS P.
• Fractions resulting from calculations are corrected with the minimum pitch of the
mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
nL
nH
255
255
— 42 —
2.2.4 Line Feed Span Commands
ESC 2
[Function]
Specifying 1/6-inch line feed rate
[Code]
<1B>H<32>H
[Outline]
The line feed rate per line is specified by 1/6 inch.
[Caution]
Line feed rate can be specified respectively for both STANDARD MODE and PAGE
MODE.
[Sample Program]
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
CHR$(&H1B);"3";CHR$(0);
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
CHR$(&H1B);"3";CHR$(50);
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
CHR$(&H1B);"2";
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
"AAAAA";
CHR$(&H1B);"J";CHR$(100);
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
"AAAAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
AAAAA
AAAAA
AAAAA
1/6-inch line feed
0/360-inch line feed
50/360-inch line feed
AAAAA
1/6-inch line feed
AAAAA
100 /360-inch line feed
AAAAA
1/6-inch line feed
AAAAA
— 43 —
ESC 3 n
[Function]
Setting line feed rate of minimum pitch
[Code]
<1B>H<33>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Sets the line feed width per line to [n × basic calculation pitch] inches.
[Χαυτιον]
• The line feed width can be set separately for the STANDARD and PAGE MODES.
• The basic calculation pitch is set by GS P. Once defined, the line feed width is not
changed if the basic calculation pitch is changed by GS P.
• Fractions resulting from calculation are corrected with the minimum pitch of the
mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
• In STANDARD MODE, this command uses the vertical (paper feed direction) basic
calculation pitch (y).
• In PAGE MODE, this command acts differently depending on the start point:
(1) If the start point specified by ESC T is top left or bottom right, the command
uses the vertical (paper feed direction) basic calculation pitch (y).
(2) If the start point specified by ESC T is top right or bottom left, the command
uses the horizontal (perpendicular to the paper feed direction) basic calculation
pitch (x).
• The maximum settable line feed width is 1016 mm (40 inches). A setting greater
than this maximum is trimmed to the maximum.
[Default]
Approx. 4.23 mm
[See Also]
ESC 2, GS P
n
255
— 44 —
2.2.5 Bit Image Commands
ESC * m n1 n2 [ d ] k
[Function]
Specifying the bit image mode
[Code]
<1B>H<2A>H<m>H<n1><n2>[<d>]k
[Range]
m = 0, 1, 32, 33
0 n1 255
0 n2 2
0 d 255
k = n1 + 256 × n2 (m = 0, 1)
k = (n1 + 256 × n2) × 3 (m = 32, 33)
[Outline]
• According to the number of dots specified in “n1”, “n2”, specify the bit image of
mode “m”.
• The number of dots printed is divided by 256, whose quotient is taken as n2 and
residual as “n1”. The total number of dots printed in the horizontal direction is
equal to n1 + (256 × n2).
• When bit image data have been input in excess of dot positions that can be printed
on one line, the excess data are discarded.
• ”d” is bit image data. Bits to be printed are specified as “1” and those not as “0”.
• The bit image modes specified by “m” are shown as follows:
m
0
1
32
33
[Caution]
Mode
8-dots single density
8-dots double density
24-dots single density
24-dots double density
Vertical Direction
No.
Dot
of Dots
Density
8
67 DPI
8
67 DPI
24
203 DPI
24
203 DPI
Horizontal Direction
Dot
Max. No.
Density
of Dots
101 DPI
288
203 DPI
576
101 DPI
288
203 DPI
576
• When the value of “m” is out of the above range, the data following after “n1” is
processed as normal printing data.
• After completion of bit image printing, the printer returns to normal data processing
mode.
— 45 —
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"*";
LPRINT CHR$(0);CHR$(20);CHR$(0);
GOSUB IMG1
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"*";
LPRINT CHR$(1);CHR$(20);CHR$(0);
GOSUB IMG1
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"*";
LPRINT CHR$(32);CHR$(20);CHR$(0);
GOSUB IMG2
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"*";
LPRINT CHR$(33);CHR$(20);CHR$(0);
GOSUB IMG2
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
END
[Print Results]
← 8-dots single density
← 8-dots double density
← 24-dots single density
← 24-dots double density
— 46 —
IMG1:
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
FOR I = 1 TO 18
LPRINT CHR$(&H85);
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
RETURN
IMG2:
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
FOR I = 1 TO 18
LPRINT CHR$(&H80);
LPRINT CHR$(&H00);
LPRINT CHR$(&H05);
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
LPRINT CHR$(&HFF);
RETURN
GS * n1 n2 [ d ] n1 × n2 × 8
[Function]
Defining the download bit image
[Code]
<1D>H<2A>H<n1><n2> [< d >] n1 × n2 × 8
[Range]
1 n1
1 n2
n1 × n2
[Outline]
•
•
•
•
[Caution]
• Relations between the bit image data and the dots defined are shown below.
• With this command executed, the defined content of a downloaded character is
cleared.
[See Also]
GS /
255
48
1536
Defines download bit images of the number of dots specified by “n1” and “n2”.
The numbers of dots are n1 × 8 in horizontal direction and n2 × 8 in vertical direction.
”d” indicates bit image data.
Once defined, the download bit image remains effective until it is redefined, ESC
@, ESC &, GS (A, or FS q, is executed, or power is turned OFF.
n1 × 8 dots
d1
dn2 + 1
MSB
dn2 × 2 + 1
d2
dn2 + 2
dn2 × 2 + 2
n2 × 8 dots
LSB
dn2
dn2 × 2
dn2 × n2 × 8
— 47 —
[Sample Program]
GOSUB IMG
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"/";CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"/";CHR$(1);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"/";CHR$(2);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"/";CHR$(3);
END
IMG:
n1=10:n2=5
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"*";
LPRINT CHR$(n1);CHR$(n2);
FOR J=1 TO n1*8
FOR I=1 TO n2
LPRINT CHR$(J);
NEXT I
NEXT J
RETURN
[Print Results]
— 48 —
GS / m
[Function]
Printing the downloaded bit image
[Code]
<1D>H<2F>H<m>
[Range]
0 m 3
48 m 51
[Outline]
Prints downloaded bit image in a mode specified by “m”.
Modes that can be selected by “m” are shown below.
m
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Mode Name
NORMAL MODE
DOUBLE WIDTH MODE
DOUBLE HEIGHT MODE
QUADRUPLE SIZE MODE
Dot Density in
Vertical Direction
203 DPI
203 DPI
101 DPI
101 DPI
Dot Density in
Horizontal Direction
203 DPI
101 DPI
203 DPI
101 DPI
[Caution]
• When a downloaded bit image has not been defined, this command is ignored.
• When data exist in the print buffer, this command is ignored.
• A portion of a downloaded bit image exceeding one line length is not printed.
[See Also]
ESC &, GS *
— 49 —
GS v 0 m xL xH yL yH d1...dk
[Function]
Printing of raster bit image
[Code]
<1D>H<76>H<30>H<m><xL><xH><yL><yH> [<d>] k
[Range]
0 m 3, 48 m 51, 0 xL 255, 0 xH 255,
0 yL 255, 0 yH 8, 0 d 255,
k = (xL + xH × 256) × (yL + yH × 256), however, k ≠ 0
[Outline]
Prints raster bit images in mode “m”.
m
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Mode Name
NORMAL MODE
DOUBLE WIDTH MODE
DOUBLE HEIGHT MODE
QUADRUPLE SIZE MODE
Dot Density in
Vertical Direction
203 DPI
203 DPI
101 DPI
101 DPI
Dot Density in
Horizontal Direction
203 DPI
101 DPI
203 DPI
101 DPI
• xL, xH specify the number of data in horizontal direction of the bit image to (xL +
xH × 256) bytes.
• yL, yH specify the number of data in vertical direction of the bit image to (yL + yH ×
256) bytes.
[Caution]
• In STANDARD MODE, this command is valid only when there is no print data in the
print buffer.
• Any of the print modes (character size, emphasis, double strike, inverting,
underlining, back-to-white reversing, etc.) does not affect the raster bit image.
• If the print area specified by GS L and GS W is narrower than a minimum width,
the print area for that line only is extended to the minimum width. The minimum
width is one dot in NORMAL MODE (m = 0, 48) and DOUBLE HEIGHT MODE (m = 2,
50), and 2 dots in DOUBLE WIDTH MODE (m = 1, 49) and QUADRUPLE SIZE MODE
(m = 3, 51).
• Any part of data that is out of the print area is only read and discarded in units of
dot.
• The print start position can arbitrarily be specified with HT (horizontal tab), ESC $
(specifying absolute position), ESC \ (specifying relative positions), and GS L (setting
left margins). Note that if the print start position is not a multiple of 8, the printing
speed may decrease.
• The setting of ESC a (aligning characters) are also valid for the raster bit image.
• If this command is executed during macro definition, the macro definition is
suspended, and the processing of the command starts. The macro is left undefined.
• “d” denotes defined data. Dots to be printed are specified as “1”, and those not to
be printed as “0”.
— 50 —
[Example]
When xL + xH × 256 = 64
(xL + xH × 256) × 8 dots = 512 dots
1
2
3
62
63
64
65
66
67
126
127
128
K-2
K-1
K
7
6
MSB
5
4
3
2
1
0
LSB
— 51 —
yL + yH × 256 dots
2.2.6 Status Commands
DLE EOT n
[Function]
Sending status in real-time
[Code]
<10>H<04>H<n>
[Range]
1
[Outline]
Sends in real-time the status specified by “n”.
n
4
n
1
2
3
4
[Caution]
Status
Printer status
Status caused by an offline condition
Status caused by an error
Continuous paper detector status
• Each status represents the current status. It is 1 byte data.
• The status is transferred without checking whether the host is ready to receive or
busy.
• This command is executed even if the printer is in offline state, receive-buffer full
state, or error state.
• This command is dealt with when it is received.
• With serial interface specifications, this command is executed in offline state,
receiving buffer full state, and error state.
• With parallel interface specifications, this command cannot be executed while the
printer is in Busy state.
When memory SW1-3 is ON, the printer does not enter Busy state in the offline
state and error state.
• If ASB (Automatic Status Back) is enabled by GS a, it is necessary to discriminate
between the status due to ASB and the status due to this command.
• This command can be executed even if printer setting by ESC = is invalid.
• If another data string of <10>H<04>H<n> (1 n 4) is received, the printer acts the
same way as with this command. Therefore, the user should be reminded of this
fact.
[Example 1]
Suppose a command “ESC * m nL nH [d1 ... dk]”, where d1 = <10>H, d2 = <04>H,
d3 = <01>H.
The DLE EOT n command cannot be interleaved into the code string of another
command consisting of 2 bytes or more.
[Example 2]
If the printer sends DLE EOT 3 after the host has sent up to ESC 3 in its attempt to
send ESC 3 n, the printer handles the ESC 3 as ESC 3 <10>H. Thus, the user should
be cautious.
— 52 —
(1) Printer status (When n = 1 is specified)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status
Fixed
Fixed
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick-out connector = L
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick-out connector = H
Online status
Offline status
Fixed
Not waiting online recovery
Waiting online recovery
FEED switch is not pressed
FEED switch is pressed
Fixed
Hex.
00
02
00
04
00
08
10
00
20
00
40
00
Decimal
0
2
0
4
0
8
16
0
32
0
64
0
(2) Status caused by an offline condition (When n = 2 is specified)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status
Unused
Unused
Cover closed
Cover open
Not in paper feed state triggered by FEED switch
In paper feed state triggered by FEED switch
Unused
Printing is not stopped because of “paper out”
state
Printing is stopped because of “paper out” state
Error not occurred
Error occurred
Unused
Hex.
00
02
00
04
00
08
10
Decimal
0
2
0
4
0
8
16
00
0
20
00
40
00
32
0
64
0
Bit 5: Printing is stopped if the Paper-end detector detects a “paper out” state,
or if the printer is out of paper when the Paper Near-end Sensor is enabled
by ESC c 4. At this time, bit 5 = 1.
— 53 —
(3) Status caused by an error (when n = 3 is specified)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status
Fixed
Fixed
No B.M detection error occurred
(only when B.M paper is selected)
A B.M detection error occurred
(only when B.M paper is selected)
Auto cutter error not occurred
Auto cutter error occurred
Fixed
Unrecoverable error not occurred
Unrecoverable error occurred
Auto recovery error not occurred
Auto recovery error occurred
Fixed
Hex.
00
02
Decimal
0
2
00
0
04
4
00
08
10
00
20
00
40
00
0
8
16
0
32
0
64
0
Bit 3: If this error occurred because of a paper jam, for example, remove the
cause of the error, and then DLE ENQ n (1 n 2) can be used to recover
from the error. However, it is not possible to recover from any error due
to a circuit problem (e.g., broken wire).
Bit 6: If a head overheat error is detected, the printing is stopped until the head
temperature falls. At this time, bit 6 = 1.
(4) Continuous paper detector status (When n = 4 is specified)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
[See Also]
Status
Fixed
Fixed
Paper found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Paper found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Fixed
Paper found by Paper-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper-end Sensor
Paper found by Paper-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper-end Sensor
Fixed
Appendix 4.3 “Identification of Send Status”
DLE ENQ, ESC c 4, GS a, GS r
— 54 —
Hex.
00
02
00
04
00
08
10
00
60
00
40
00
Decimal
0
02
0
4
0
8
16
0
96
0
64
0
GS a n
[Function]
Enabling/disabling ASB (Automatic Status Back)
[Code]
<1D>H<61>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
This command selects the status item to be addressed by ASB (Automatic Status
Back.)
n
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
[Caution]
255
Status Item Addressed by ASB
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick-out connector =
Disabled
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick-out connector =
Enabled
Online/offline status = Disabled
Online/offline status = Enabled
Error status = Disabled
Error status = Enabled
Continuous Paper Sensor = Disabled
Continuous Paper Sensor = Enabled
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Hex.
Decimal
00
0
01
1
00
02
00
04
00
08
—
—
—
—
0
2
0
4
0
8
—
—
—
—
• If any status item is enabled, the status is sent to the host when this command is
executed. After that time on, the status is sent each time an enabled status item
changes. Because each status item represents the current condition, status items
disabled for ASB may also have changed.
• The ASB function is disabled if all status items are disabled.
• If the ASB function is enabled by default, the host receives the status the first time
the printer gets ready for communication after it is turned on.
• The printer sends 4 bytes of status shown in the tables below, without checking
whether the host is ready to receive or busy. The 4 bytes of status is a continuous
string except for XOFF code.
• Because this command is executed when data is mapped in the receive buffer,
there may be a delay between command receiving and status sending depending
on the condition of the receive buffer.
• Even if the printer is excluded from the selection of peripheral equipment ESC =,
the 4 bytes of status is sent to the host whenever status changes.
• When DLE EOT, GS I, or GS r is used, the host must discriminate between the
status specified by these commands and the status due to ASB.
— 55 —
(1) 1st byte (Printer information)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status
Unused
Unused
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick-out connector = “L”
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick-out connector = “H”
Online status
Offline status
Unused
Cover closed
Cover open
Not in paper feed state triggered by FEED switch
In paper feed state triggered by FEED switch
Unused
Hex.
00
00
00
04
00
08
01
00
20
00
40
00
Decimal
0
0
0
4
0
8
16
0
32
0
64
0
Hex.
—
—
Decimal
—
—
00
0
04
4
00
08
00
00
20
00
40
00
0
8
0
0
32
0
64
0
Hex.
00
03
00
0C
00
—
—
00
Decimal
0
3
0
12
0
—
—
0
(2) 2nd byte (Error occurrence information)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status
Undefined
Undefined
No B.M detection error occurred
(only when B.M paper is selected).
A B.M detection error occurred
(only when B.M paper is selected).
Auto cutter error not occurred
Auto cutter error occurred
Unused
Unrecoverable error not occurred
Unrecoverable error occurred
Auto recovery error not occurred
Auto recovery error occurred
Unused
(3) 3rd byte (Paper Sensor information)
Bit
0, 1
2, 3
4
5
6
7
Status
Paper found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Paper found by Paper-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper-end Sensor
Unused
Undefined
Undefined
Unused
— 56 —
(4) 4th byte (Paper Sensor information)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Unused
Undefined
Undefined
Unused
Hex.
—
—
—
—
00
—
—
00
Decimal
—
—
—
—
0
—
—
0
Hex.
01
02
04
08
00
00
00
00
Decimal
1
2
4
8
0
00
00
0
* In case of MSW3-7 ON (CBM1000 compatible mode)
(4) 4th byte (Paper Sensor information)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
Fixed
Reserved
Reserved
Fixed
* In case of MSW3-7 OFF (CBM1000 non-compatible mode)
[Default]
When MSW 1-3 OFF: n = 0
When MSW 1-3 ON: n = 2
[See Also]
DLE EOT, GS r
— 57 —
GS r n
[Function]
Sending status
[Code]
<1D>H<72>H<n>
[Range]
1 n 2
49 n 50
[Outline]
Sends the specified status to the host.
n
1, 49
2, 50
[Caution]
Function
Sends the Paper Sensor status.
Sends the Drawer Kick-out Connector status.
• When the serial interface is used:
For DTR/DSR control:
The printer sends the status after verifying that the host is ready to receive. If the
host is not ready to receive, the printer waits for the host to become ready to
receive.
For XON/XOFF control:
The printer sends the status without checking whether the host is ready to receive
or busy.
• Because this command is executed when data is mapped in the receive buffer,
there may be a delay between receiving the command and sending the status
depending on the condition of the receive buffer.
• If ASB (Automatic Status Back) is enabled by GS a, the host must discriminate
between the status due to this command and the status due to ASB.
• Paper Sensor status (n = 1, 49)
Bit
0, 1
2, 3
4
5
6
7
Status
Paper found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper Near-end Sensor
Paper found by Paper-end Sensor
Paper not found by Paper-end Sensor
Unused
Undefined
Undefined
Unused
Hex.
00
03
00
(0C)
00
—
—
00
Decimal
0
3
0
(12)
0
—
—
0
Bits 2, 3: Whenever the Paper-end Sensor detects a “paper out” state, the printer
goes offline, and the command is not executed. Therefore, the printer
never sends a status “No paper in Paper-end detector (0CH)”.
— 58 —
• Drawer kick-out connector status (n = 2, 50)
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
[See Also]
Status
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick connector = “L”
Status of pin 3 of drawer kick connector = “H”
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Unused
Undefined
Undefined
Unused
Appendix 4.3 “Identification of Send Status”
DLE EOT, GS a
— 59 —
Hex.
00
01
—
—
—
00
—
—
00
Decimal
0
1
—
—
—
0
—
—
0
2.2.7 Paper Detecting Commands
ESC c 3 n
[Function]
Selecting the Paper Sensor valid for a Paper-end signal output
[Code]
<1B>H<63>H<33>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
This command selects by which Paper Sensor a Paper-end signal should be output.
Each bit for “n” has the following meaning:
n
255
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Position
Paper Near-end
Paper Near-end
Paper-end
Paper-end
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Value
0
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
—
—
—
—
[Caution]
This command is valid only for the parallel interface.
[Default]
n = 15
— 60 —
1
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
—
—
—
—
ESC c 4 n
[Function]
Selecting the Paper Near-end Sensor valid for print stop
[Code]
<1B>H<63>H<34>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
This command selects the Paper Near-end Sensor which helps to stop printing when
the paper supply almost runs out.
Each bit for “n” has the following meaning:
n
255
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Position
Paper Near-end
Paper Near-end
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Undefined
Value
0
Disabled
Disabled
—
—
—
—
—
—
1
Enabled
Enabled
—
—
—
—
—
—
[Caution]
This printer can only select one kind of Paper Sensor, a Paper Near-end Sensor.
[Default]
n=0
— 61 —
2.2.8 Panel Switch Commands
ESC c 5 n
[Function]
Enabling/disabling the panel switches
[Code]
<1B>H<63>H<35>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
Enabling/disabling the FEED switch.
• “n” is valid only for the lowest bit (n0).
• Control by the lowest bit (n0) is shown as follows:
n
n0
0
1
255
Condition
FEED switch valid
FEED switch invalid
[Caution]
• When the FEED switch is disabled with this command, the paper cannot be fed by
operating the FEED switch.
• While switch operation is waited at the execution of macro, the FEED switch is
always enabled regardless of the setting of this command but no paper feed
operation is carried out.
[Default]
n=0
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"c5";CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"c5";CHR$(1);
— 62 —
← When enabling the FEED switch
← When disabling the FEED switch
2.2.9 Macro Commands
GS :
[Function]
Starting/ending macro definition
[Code]
<1D>H<3A>H
[Outline]
Specifying starting/ending macro definition.
Reception of this command during macro definition signifies ending the macro
definition.
[Caution]
• Maximum content available for macro definition is 2048 bytes. A portion exceeding
2048 bytes is not defined.
• When GS ^ is processed in macro definition, the macro definition is stopped and
the content of definition is cleared.
• Even with ESC @ (Initialization of the printer) having been executed, defined content
is not cleared. Therefore, it is possible to include ESC @ into the content of macro
definition.
• Normal printing operation is carried out even during macro definition.
[Default]
The initial value is not defined.
[See Also]
GS ^
[Sample Program]
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
LPRINT
CHR$(&H1D);":";
"+------+";CHR$(&HA);
"|
|";CHR$(&HA);
"+------+";CHR$(&HA);
CHR$(&H1D);":";
CHR$(&H1D);"^";
CHR$(2);CHR$(10);
[Print Results]
<
<
Normal printing during macro definition
<
<
Printing during macro execution
— 63 —
GS ^ n1 n2 n3
[Function]
Executing the macro
[Code]
<1D>H<5E>H<n1><n2><n3>
[Range]
0
0
0
[Outline]
Executing contents defined in macro.
n1 : The number of times of macro execution
n2 : Waiting time on macro execution: Waiting time of n2 × 100 msec is given for
every execution.
n3 : Macro execution mode
n3 = 0 Continuous execution: The Macro is executed “n1” times continuously at the
time interval specified by “n2”.
n3 = 1 Execution by FEED Switch: After waiting for the time specified by “n2”, the
ARARM LED flickers and the FEED switch is waiting to be pressed. When it is pressed,
the macro is executed once. This action is repeated “n1” times.
[Caution]
• When this command is received while in macro definition, suspension of macro
definition is indicated. At this time, the defined content is cleared.
• No execution takes place when the macro is held undefined.
• While in macro execution with n3 = 1, paper feed with the FEED switch is not
available.
[See Also]
GS :
[Sample Program]
Refer to Sample Program and Print Results for GS:.
n1
n2
n3
255
255
1
— 64 —
2.2.10 Cutter Commands
GS V m ......... (1)
GS V m n ..... (2)
[Function]
Cutting the paper
[Code]
(1) <1D>H<56>H<m>
(2) <1D>H<56>H<m><n>
[Range]
(1) m = 1, m = 49
(2) m = 66
[Outline]
Performs the specified paper cutting.
m
0, 48
1, 49
65
66
[Caution]
Function
Full cut
Partial cut (Leaving a bridge area uncut)
Paper feed by “cut position + {n × basic calculation pitch}” and partial cut
Paper feed by “cut position + {n × basic calculation pitch}” and partial cut
• In STANDARD MODE, this command only works when it is entered at the beginning
of a line.
• Control to make the length of cut paper less than 10 mm is not excecuted.
For (1):
• Executes cutting of paper.
For (2):
• If n = 0, the paper is fed to the cut position, and then cut. If n ≠ 0, the paper is fed by
“n × basic calculation pitch” inches past the cut position, and then cut.
• The basic calculation pitch is set by GS P.
The paper feed amount is calculated with the vertical basic calculation pitch (y).
A fraction resulting from the calculation is corrected with the minimum pitch of the
mechanism, and the remainder is omitted.
— 65 —
2.2.11 Bar Code Commands
GS H n
[Function]
Selecting of printing position of HRI characters
[Code]
<1D>H<48>H<n>
[Range]
0 n 3
48 n 51
[Outline]
Selecting printing position of HRI characters in printing bar codes.
“n” means the followings.
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Printing Position
No printing
Above the bar code
Below the bar code
Both above and below the bar code
The HRI characters refer to the bar code-turned characters so that you can read them.
[Caution]
• The HRI characters are printed in the font selected with GS f.
• Specify before the GS k command.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
GS f, GS k
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);”3”;CHR$(5);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);”h”;CHR$(50);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);”H”;CHR$(0);
GOSUB BC
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);”H”;CHR$(1);
GOSUB BC
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);”H”;CHR$(2);
GOSUB BC
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);”H”;CHR$(3);
GOSUB BC
END
BC:
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);”k”;
LPRINT CHR$(4);
LPRINT “12”;CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
RETURN
— 66 —
[Print Results]
No HRI characters
Printed above
Printed below
Printed above and below
— 67 —
GS f n
[Function]
Selecting the font of HRI characters
[Code]
<1D>H<66>H<n>
[Range]
n = 0, 1
[Outline]
Selecting the font of HRI characters in printing bar code.
The type of font can be selected with “n” as follows:
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
Font
Font A (12 × 24)
Font B (9 × 24)
Font C (8 × 16)
The HRI characters refer to the bar code-turned characters so that you can read them.
[Caution]
The HRI characters are printed at the position specified with GS H.
[Default]
n=0
[See Also]
GS H
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"h";CHR$(50);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"H";CHR$(2);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"f";CHR$(0);
GOSUB BC
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"f";CHR$(1);
GOSUB BC
END
BC:
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"k";
LPRINT CHR$(4);
LPRINT “12”;+CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
RETURN
[Print Results]
← FONT A
← FONT B
— 68 —
GS h n
[Function]
Specifying the height of the bar code
[Code]
<1D>H<68>H<n>
[Range]
1
[Outline]
Selecting bar code height.
“n” denotes the number of dots in the vertical direction.
[Default]
n = 162
[See Also]
GS k, GS w
[Sample Program]
Refer to Sample Program and Print Results for GS w.
n
255
— 69 —
GS k m [d1 ...... dk] NULL ......... (1)
GS k m n [d1 ...... dn] ................ (2)
[Function]
Printing the bar code
[Code]
(1) <1D>H<6B>H<m> [d1.....dk] NULL
(2) <1D>H<6B>H<m><n> [d1....dn]
[Range]
(1) 0 m 6
(2) 65 m 73
[Outline]
Selects a bar code system and prints the bar code.
The definitions of “k” and “d” vary with the bar code system.
The definitions of “n” and “d” vary with the bar code system.
For (1):
m
0
1
2
3
Bar Code System
UPC-A
UPC-E
JAN13 (EAN)
JAN8 (EAN)
Range of “k”
11 k 12
11 k 12
12 k 13
7 k 8
4
CODE39
1
k
5
ITF
1
k (An even number)
6
CODABAR
1
k
m
65
66
67
68
Bar Code System
UPC-A
UPC-E
JAN13 (EAN)
JAN8 (EAN)
Range of “n”
11 n 12
11 n 12
12 n 13
7 n 8
69
CODE39
1
70
ITF
1 n 255 (An even
number)
71
CODABAR
1
n
255
72
73
CODE93
CODE128
1
2
n
n
255
255
Range of “d”
48 d 57
48 d 57
48 d 57
48 d 57
48 d 57, 65 d 90
32, 36, 37, 43, 45, 46, 47
48 d 57
48 d 57, 65 d 68
36, 43, 45, 46, 47, 58
For (2):
— 70 —
n
255
Range of “d”
48 d 57
48 d 57
48 d 57
48 d 57
48 d 57, 65 d 90
32, 36, 37, 43, 45, 46, 47
48
d
57
48 d 57, 65 d
36, 43, 45, 46, 47, 58
0 d 127
0 d 127
68
[Caution]
For (1):
• This command ends with a NULL code.
• For UPC-A or UPC-E, the bar code is printed when 12 bytes of bar code data have
been entered, and the subsequent data is handled as normal data.
• For JAN13, the bar code is printed when 13 bytes of bar code data have been
entered, and the subsequent data is handled as normal data.
• For JAN8, the bar code is printed when 8 bytes of bar code data have been entered,
and the subsequent data is handled as normal data.
• The data of ITF bar code must have an even number of columns. Should the data
have an odd number of columns, the last column is ignored.
For (2):
• Numeral “n” indicates the number of data items, and the subsequent “n” bytes of
data are handled as bar code data.
• If “n” is out of the range, the processing of the command is aborted, and the
subsequent data is handled as normal data.
For STANDARD MODE:
• If “d” is out of the range, only a paper feed is executed, and the subsequent data is
handled as normal data.
• If the bar code is wider than the print area for one line, the bar code is not printed,
but only a paper feed is executed.
• The amount of paper feed corresponds to the height of the bar code (including the
HRI characters if HRI character printing is specified), irrespective of the line feed
width set by a command such as ESC 2 or ESC 3.
• This command only works if no data exists in the print buffer. If any data exists in
the print buffer, the data subsequent to “m” is handled as normal data.
• After the bar code is printed, the beginning of the line is taken as the start position
for the next print.
• This command is not affected by any print modes (emphasis, double strike,
underline, and character size), except for the inverted character mode.
For PAGE MODE:
• This command only maps the bar code, without performing a printout. After the
bar code is mapped, the dot next to the last data item of the bar code is taken as the
start position for the next data mapping.
• If “d” is out of the range, the processing of the command is aborted, and the
subsequent data is handled as normal data. In this case, the data mapping start
position does not move.
• If the bar code is wider than the print area, the bar code is not printed, but the data
mapping start position is moved to the left end of the non-print area.
— 71 —
[Description of Bar Codes]
UPC-A
This bar code, consisting of numerals only, has a fixed length of 12 columns; a 11column number entered from the host or application software plus a check digit
(12th column) automatically calculated inside the printer. If the 12th-column numeral
is sent from the host, the entire bar code will be printed as it is.
UPC-E
This bar code, consisting of numerals only, has a fixed length of 8 columns; the first
number system character is “0” stationary. A 12-column numeral entered from the
host or application software is compressed to 8 columns with a check digit attached
and then is printed. The 12th-column check digit is automatically calculated inside
the printer. If it is and sent from the host, the entire bar code will be printed,
compressed to 8 columns.
JAN-13(EAN)
This bar code, consisting of numerals only, has a fixed length of 13 columns; a 12column number entered from the host or application software plus a check digit
(13th column) automatically calculated inside the printer. If the 13th-column numeral
is sent from the host, the entire bar code will be printed as it is.
JAN-8(EAN)
This bar code, consisting of numerals only, has a fixed length of 8 columns; a 7column number entered from the host or application software plus a check digit (8th
column) automatically calculated inside the printer. If the 8th-column numeral is
sent from the host, the entire bar code will be printed as it is.
CODE39
This bar code, consisting of upper-case alphabetic characters and numerals, has a
variable length of columns. The start/stop code “*” is automatically added by the
printer. The available characters include space and “$ % * + – . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9”
and upper-case alphabetic characters.
ITF
This bar code, consisting of only numerals, has a variable length of even-number
columns. If a code of odd-number columns is sent, the bar code will not be printed.
CODABAR (NW-7)
This bar code, consisting of alphanumerics, has a variable length of columns.
Available characters include “0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D $ + – . / :”. A start/stop code
is required; any one of A, B, C, and D is used.
CODE93
This bar code, consisting of alphanumeric and control characters, has a variable length
of columns. The HRI character string is preceded and followed by a “■” character.
HRI characters for control characters (00H - 1FH, and 7FH) are each printed as a
combination of a “■” character and an alphabetic character.
— 72 —
Control Character
ASCII
Hex.
NULL
00
SOH
01
STX
02
ETX
03
EOT
04
ENQ
05
ACK
06
BEL
07
BS
08
HT
09
LF
0A
VT
0B
FF
0C
CR
0D
SO
0E
SI
0F
CODE128
HRI Character
■U
■A
■B
■C
■D
■E
■F
■G
■H
■I
■J
■K
■L
■M
■N
■0
Control Character
ASCII
Hex.
DLE
10
DC1
11
DC2
12
DC3
13
DC4
14
NAK
15
SYN
16
ETB
17
CAN
18
EM
19
SUB
1A
ESC
1B
FS
1C
GS
1D
RS
1E
US
1F
DEL
7F
HRI Character
■P
■Q
■R
■S
■T
■U
■V
■W
■X
■Y
■Z
■A
■B
■C
■D
■E
■T
This bar code consists of 103 bar code characters and three code sets, enabling 128
ASCII code characters to be printed. It has a variable length of columns.
• Code set A ASCII characters 00H - 5FH can be represented.
• Code set B ASCII characters 20H - 7FH can be represented.
• Code set C Two-digit numbers 00 - 99 can each be represented by one character.
In addition to the above characters, special characters are available:
• Shift character (SHIFT)
When used in code set A, one character next to a Shift character is treated as a
character of code set B. When used in code set B, one character next to a Shift
character is treated as a character of code set A. The Shift character cannot be
used in code set C.
• Code set select characters (CODE A, CODE B, CODE C):
The code set following a code set select character is switched to code set A, B, or C.
• Function characters (FNC1, FNC2, FNC3, FNC4):
How the function characters are used depends on each application. In code set C,
only FNC1 is available.
— 73 —
When sending print data, note these points:
(1) Each string of bar code data must begin with a code set select character (CODE
A, CODE B, or CODE C), which selects the first code set to use.
(2) Every special character is specified by a combination of two characters: a brace
“{” followed by one character. A brace “{” itself is sent twice consecutively.
Special characters
Hex.
7B53
7B41
7B42
7B43
7B31
7B32
7B33
7B34
7B7B
ASCII
{S
{A
{B
{C
{1
{2
{3
{4
{{
Code Set A
SHIFT
–N/A
CODE B
CODE C
FNC1
FNC2
FNC3
FNC4
‘{‘
Code Set B
SHIFT
CODE A
–N/A
CODE C
FNC1
FNC2
FNC3
FNC4
‘{‘
Code Set C
–N/A
CODE A
CODE B
–N/A
FNC1
–N/A
–N/A
–N/A
‘{‘
<Example>
To print “No.” in code set B, followed by “123456” in code set C, send the following
data string:
GS k <73> <10> <7B>H <42>H, “No.” <7B>H <43>H <12> <34> <56>
• If the printer finds a string of bar code data that does not begin with a code set
select character, it immediately aborts the command processing and handles the
subsequent data as normal data.
• If the printer received a character that is not available in the currently selected code
set, it immediately aborts the command processing and handles the subsequent
data as normal data.
• An HRI character corresponding to either a Shift character or a code select character
is not printed. An HRI character for either a function character or a control character
is treated as a space character.
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"H";CHR$(2);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"k";
LPRINT CHR$(4);
LPRINT "123";CHR$(0);
[Print Results]
When the data “123” is printed with the code 39
— 74 —
[Bar Code Print Example]
UPC-A, UPC-E, JAN-13 (EAN), JAN-8 (EAN), CODE39, ITF, CODABAR, CODE93,
CODE128
Type
UPC-A
Print Sample
Outline of Symbol
12-column fixed-length bar code consisting of numerals only.
UPC-E
8-column fixed-length bar code consisting of numerals only.
Abbreviated version of UPC-A.
JAN-13
13-column fixed-length bar code consisting of numerals only.
JAN-8
8-column fixed-length bar code consisting of numerals only.
CODE39
Variable-length bar code consisting of alphabetic characters
and numerals. The start/stop code “*”is automatically added.
ITF
Even-column variable-length bar code consisting of numerals
only.
CODABAR
(NW-7)
Variable-length bar code consisting of alphanumeric
characters. Any one of A, B, C, and D is required as the start/
stop code.
Variable-length bar code consisting of alphanumeric and
control characters.
CODE93
CODE128
Variable-length bar code consisting of any of 128 ASCII code
characters.
Printing is done according to bar code type, number of print columns, bar code height,
width (magnification), availability of HRI character, and bar code data.
— 75 —
GS w n
[Function]
Specifying the horizontal size (magnification) of bar code
[Code]
<1D>H<77>H<n>
[Range]
2
[Outline]
Selecting bar code width.
[Default]
n=3
n
6
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"h";CHR$(30);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"w";CHR$(2);
GOSUB BC
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"h";CHR$(50);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"w";CHR$(3);
GOSUB BC
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"h";CHR$(80);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"w";CHR$(4);
GOSUB BC
END
BC:
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"k";
LPRINT CHR$(4);
LPRINT "12";CHR$(0);
RETURN
[Print Results]
← Height = 30, Magnification = 2
← Height = 50, Magnification = 3
← Height = 80, Magnification = 4
— 76 —
2.2.12 Commands for Non-volatile Memory
FS pnm
[Function]
Printing the download NV bit images
[Code]
<1C>H<70>H<n><m>
[Range]
1 n 255
0 m 3
48 m 51
[Outline]
This command prints the download NV bit images (n) using a specified mode (m).
• “n” denotes the number of the download bit image.
• “m” denotes the bit image mode.
m
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Mode Name
NORMAL MODE
DOUBLE WIDTH MODE
DOUBLE HEIGHT MODE
QUADRUPLE SIZE MODE
Dot Density in
Vertical Direction
203 DPI
203 DPI
101 DPI
101 DPI
Dot Density in
Horizontal Direction
203 DPI
101 DPI
203 DPI
101 DPI
[Caution]
• The download NV bit image refers to the image that is defined by the FS q command
in the non-volatile memory and printed by the FS p command.
• When the specified NV bit image “n” is undefined, this command is invalid.
• When the STANDARD MODE is selected, this command is valid only when there is
no data in the print buffer.
• This command is invalid when PAGE MODE is selected.
• Any printing modes except the upside-down printing mode (i.e. emphasis, double
strike, underlining, character size, inverted character printing, 90˚-right-turned) are
not affected.
• When the printing area set by the functions GS L and GS W is not enough for one
vertical line of the download NV bit image, the line alone is dealt with as follows.
One vertical line of the bit image is 1 dot in NORMAL MODE (m = 0, 48) and DOUBLE
HEIGHT MODE (m = 2, 50), and it is 2 dots in double WIDTH MODE (m = 1, 49) and
QUADRUPLE SIZE MODE (m = 3, 51).
(1) The printing area is extended to the right side within the limits of the printing
area so that one vertical line of the download NV bit image can be printed.
(2) When a sufficient printing area cannot be maintained even after executing (1),
the printing area is extended to the left side. (The left margin is reduced.)
• When the size of a bit image exceeds the limits of the printing area, the data within
the limits of the printing area will be printed but the parts exceeding the limit will
not be printed.
• Regardless of the amount of line feed set with ESC 2 and ESC 3, NORMAL MODE
and DOUBLE WIDTH MODE execute a paper feed of (height “n” of NV bit image)
dots while DOUBLE HEIGHT MODE and QUADRUPLE SIZE MODE execute a paper
feed of (height “n” of NV bit image × 2) dots.
• At the completion of the bit image printing, the head of the line will be used for the
next printing position and normal data processing will take place.
[See Also]
ESC *, FS q, GS /, GS v 0
— 77 —
F S q n [xL xH yL yH d1…dk] 1… [xL xH yL yH d1…dk] n
[Function]
Defining the download NV bit image
[Code]
<1C>H<71>H<n>[<xL><xH><yL><yH><d1...dk>]1
...[<xL><xH><yL><yH><d1...dk>]n
[Range]
1 n 255, 0 xL 255,
0 xH 3 but, 1 (xL + xH × 256) 1023
0 yL 255
0 yH 1 but, 1 (yL + yH × 256) 288
0 d 255
k = (xL + xH × 256) × (yL + yH × 256) × 8
Total definition area = 2M bits (256K bytes)
[Outline]
This command defines the specified NV bit image.
• “n” denotes the number of bit images to be defined.
• xL and xH denote the horizontal size of one NV bit image as (xL + xH × 256) × 8 dots.
• yL and yH denote the vertical size of one NV bit image as (yL + yH × 256 ) × 8 dots.
[Caution]
• Because all the NV bit images previously defined by this command are deleted, it is
not possible to redefine any one of the previously defined multiple data. All the
data must be resent.
• From the execution of this command until the completion of the hardware reset,
any mechanical operation such as opening the cover, initializing the printer head
position, or using the paper-feed switch etc.
• The NV bit image refers to a bit image that is defined by the FS q command in the
non-volatile memory and printed by the FS p command.
• When the STANDARD MODE is selected, this command is only valid when it is
written at the head of a line.
• This command is invalid when PAGE MODE is selected.
• This command becomes valid after the 7 bytes of <FS q n xL xH yL yH> are processed
as normal values.
• When data which exceeds the remaining capacity of the defined area is specified
by xL, xH, yL, yH, outside-defined-area arguments will be processed.
• When outside-defined-area arguments are processed for the first bit image data
group, this command becomes invalid.
• If outside-defined-area arguments are processed for the second or subsequent NV
bit image data groups, the processing of this command is suspended, and a writing
process into the non-volatile memory starts. At this time, the NV bit image being
defined becomes invalid (Undefined), but the preceding NV bit images are valid.
• “d” denotes the definition data. Bits which correspond to dots to be printed are
represented as “1”, and those not to be printed as “0”.
• The definition will start from NV bit image number 01H and n-number bit images
will be defined in ascending order. Therefore, the first data group [xL xH yL yH
d1… dk] becomes NV bit image number 01H, and the last data group [xL xH yL yH
d1… dk] becomes NV bit image number 0nH. These numbers of NV bit images
coincide with those specified with FS p.
• The definition data of one NV bit image consists of [xL xH yL yH d1… dk]. Therefore,
when only one NV bit image is defined, n = 1; the data group [xL xH yL yH d1… dk]
is manipulated once, and ([Data: (xL + xH × 256) × ( yL + yH × 256 ) × 8 ] + [Header:
4]) bytes of non-volatile memory is used to store it.
— 78 —
• The maximum definition area of this printer is 2M bits (256K bytes). Multiple NV
bit images can be defined, but bit images of which total size (Bit image data +
Header) exceeds 2M bits (256K bytes) can not be defined.
• The printer state will change to BUSY just before the writing operation into the
non-volatile memory begins. Also,for a printer that have a dip switch [BUSY], the
printer state will change to BUSY just before the writing operation begins regardless
of the state of the dip switch.
• While this command is being executed, it is not possible to send ASB status or to
detect the printer status even when the ASB function is selected.
• If this command is sent while a macro is still being defined, the definition process
will be stopped and the execution of this command will start.
• NV bit images that are defined already are not initialized by using ESC @ command,
or by resetting the printer or turning the power off.
• The command only executes definition of NV bit image, but not start printing. The
printing of NV bit image will be executed by FS p.
• Because frequent writing in the non-volatile memory can destroy the memory, the
writing command should be used less than 10 times a day.
• Just after the completion of the writing operation into the non-volatile memory,
the printer hardware will be reset. Therefore, download characters, download bit
images, and macro definition will be made undefined. The receiving buffer/printer
buffer will be cleared, and each setting will go back to its default value. Then the
status of dip switches will be checked once more.
• It may happen that the printer becomes BUSY during the process of writing data
into the non-volatile memory in the execution of this command. When the printer
becomes BUSY, it will stop receiving data. Therefore, sending data from the host
(including real time command) is prohibited.
[See Also]
FS p
(yL + yH × 256) × 8 dots = 768 dots
(xL + xH × 256) × 8 dots = 512 dots
[Example]
When xL = 64, xH = 0, yL = 96, yH = 0
— 79 —
2.2.13 Black Mark Control Commands
GS FF (Valid Only at B.M Paper Selection)
[Function]
Printing and ejecting Black mark paper
[Code]
<1DH><0C>H
[Outline]
This command prints the data in the printer buffer and ejects Black mark paper.
[Caution]
Valid only if Black mark paper is selected.
[See Also]
FF, GS <
GS < (Valid Only at B.M Paper Selection)
[Function]
Initializing the printer mechanism
[Code]
<1D>H<3C>H
[Outline]
Performs initializing operation at Black mark similar to the initialization at power on.
[Caution]
• This command is valid only when B.M paper is chosen.
• Parameters configured by commands are not reset.
— 80 —
GS A m n (Valid Only at B.M Paper Selection)
[Function]
Correcting the leader position of Black mark paper
[Code]
<1DH><41>H<m><n>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
This command sets the leader position of Black mark paper in terms of correction
value set for the default position.
“m” denotes the correcting direction.
• “m” is valid only for the lowest bit (m0).
• Control by the lowest bit (m0) is shown as follows:
m
n
m0
0
1
255
255
Correcting Direction
Corrects the leader position in the forward direction
Corrects the leader position in the reverse direction
• ”n” denotes the correction value in units of n/203 inch.
[Caution]
• This command is valid only when Black mark paper is chosen.
• This command is ignored except immediately after the execution of a Black mark
positioning command (FF, GS FF, GS A, GS <) or immediately after leader positioning
performed on a paper feed action with the FEED switch, power on, or cover closure.
• The maximum reverse correction span is 0.5 mm. Correction settings exceeding
this value are truncated into the maximum value. The leader position may be
deviated due to paper flexure. For reverse correction, exercise care so the leader
position does not step out of the Black mark.
• For forward correction, set the correction span by taking into account the Black
mark as the printable area changes before and after correction setting.
• In calculating a correction span, use the basic calculation pitch (y) for the vertical
direction. The fractional part contained in the calculation result should be corrected
in units of the mechanism’s minimum pitch, with the remaining fractional part
truncated.
[See Also]
FF, GS
— 81 —
GS C0 m n
[Function]
Setting the numbering print mode
[Code]
<1D>H<43>H<30>H<m><n>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
This command sets the numbering (serial number counter) print mode.
“m” denotes the number of print columns.
m=0
Prints the columns indicated by numeral. In this case, “n” has no
meaning.
m = 1 to 5 Indicates the maximum number of columns to be printed.
Prints the counter in “m” columns.
“n” specifies a printing position within the printing columns.
n=0
Prints the data right justified. The blank columns are spaced.
n=1
Prints the data right justified. The blank columns are filled with "0".
n=2
Prints the data left justified. The right blank will become invalid.
[Caution]
If either “m” or “n” has a value beyond their ranges, that setting will becomes invalid.
[Default]
m=0,n=0
[See Also]
GS C1, GS C2, GS c, GS C;
m
n
5
2
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C0";
LPRINT CHR$(0);CHR$(0);
GOUSAB *CNT
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C0";
LPRINT CHR$(1);CHR$(0);
GOUSAB *CNT
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C0";
LPRINT CHR$(3);CHR$(0);
GOUSAB *CNT
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C0";
LPRINT CHR$(3);CHR$(1);
GOUSAB *CNT
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C0";
LPRINT CHR$(3);CHR$(2);
GOUSAB *CNT
END
*CNT
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"c";
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
RETURN
[Print Results]
12345 <
67890 <
11 12 13 14 15 <
0160 170 180 19020 <
21 22 23 24 25 <
Counts from 1 to 5 at m = 0 and n = 0.
Counts from 6 to 10 at m = 1 and n = 0.
Counts from11 to 15 at m = 3 and n = 0.
Counts from 16 to 20 at m = 3 and n = 1.
Counts from 21 to 25 at m = 3 and n = 2.
— 82 —
GS C1 n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6
[Function]
Setting the numbering counter mode (A)
[Code]
<1D>H<43>H<31>H<n1><n2><n3><n4><n5><n6>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
This command sets the numbering (serial number counter) mode.
n1 + n2 × 256 (n1 = remainder, n2 = quotient): Counter default
n3 + n4 × 256 (n3 = remainder, n4 = quotient): Counter final value
n5: Counter step value
n6: Idential counter print counter
(n1 + n2 × 256) < (n3 + n4 × 256): Count-up system
(n1 + n2 × 256) > (n3 + n4 × 256): Count-down system
(n1 + n2 × 256) = (n3 + n4 × 256) or n5 = 0 or n6 = 0: Counter stop
[Default]
n1 + n2 × 256 = 1
n3 + n4 × 256 = 65535
n5 = 1
n6 = 1
[See Also]
GS C0 , GS C2 , GS c , GS C ;
n1 , n2 , n3 , n4 , n5 , n6
255
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C0";
LPRINT CHR$(3);CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C1";
LPRINT CHR$(50);CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(0);CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(5);CHR$(2);
GOUSAB *CNT
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C2";
LPRINT CHR$(5);CHR$(0);CHR$(10);
GOUSAB *CNT
END
[Print Results]
50 50 45 45 40
5 0 50 45 40
<
<
*CNT
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"c";
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
RETURN
When printing the counter value by setting a count-down
range = 0 to 50, step value = 5, repeat count = 2, and
starting value = 50.
When printing the counter value by setting a count-down
range to 0 to 50, step value = 5, repeat count = 1, and
starting value = 5, step cleared.
— 83 —
GS C2 n1 n2
[Function]
Setting the numbering counter
[Code]
<1D>H<43>H<32>H<n1><n2>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
This command sets the numbering (serial number counter) value.
n1 + n2 × 256 (n1 = remainder, n2 = quotient) becomes a counter value.
[Caution]
• If the counter is set with this command, a repeat count of the idential count will be
cleared.
• If the counter value is beyond the range specified with the GS C1 or GS C; command,
the counter will be initialized.
[Default]
Not defined.
[See Also]
GS C0, GS C1, GS c, GS C;
n1
n2
255
255
[Sample Program]
[Print Results]
See the Sample Program and Print Results for the GS C1 command.
— 84 —
GS C ; n1 ; n2 ; n3 ; n4 ; n5 ;
[Function]
Setting the numbering counter mode (B)
[Code]
<1D>H<43>H<3B>H<n1><3B>H<n2><3B>H<n3>
<3B>H<n4><3B>H<n5><3B>H
<n1>, <n2>, <n3>, <n4>, <n5> are character codes.
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
This command sets the numbering (serial number counter) mode and a counter
value.
n1: Counter default
n2: Counter final value
n3: Counter step value
n4: Idential counter print count
n5: Counter start value
n1 < n2: Count-up system
n1 > n2: Count-down system
n1 = n 2 or n3 = 0 or n4 = 0 : Counter stop
[Caution]
• If the n5 counter start value is beyond the counter range specified with n1 and n2,
it is assumed to be n1 = n5.
• If each value of n1 through n5 contains the character code other than “0” through
“9”, the printer will invalidate the data up to that parameter and handle the
subsequent data as normal data.
[Default]
n1 = 1
n2 = 65535
n3 = 1
n4 = 1
n5 = 1
[See Also]
GS C0 , GS C1 , GS C2 , GS c
n1 , n2 , n5 65535
n3 , n4 255
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C0";
LPRINT CHR$(3);CHR$(0);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C;";
LPRINT "50;0;5;2;50";
GOUSAB *CNT
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"C;";
LPRINT "50;0;5;2;5";
GOUSAB *CNT
END
*CNT
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(&H1D);"c";
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(&HA);
RETURN
[Print Results]
50 50 45 45 40 40 <
5 5 0 0 50 50 <
When setting a count-down range = 0 to 50, step value = 5,
repeat count = 2, and start value = 50 to print a counte value.
When setting a count-down range = 0 to 50, step value = 5,
repeat count = 1, and start value = 5 to print a counter value.
— 85 —
GS c
[Function]
Print the counter
[Code]
<1D>H<63>H
[Outline]
This command prints the serial number counter data.
After setting the current counter value in the print buffer as the print data (character
string), it increments or decrements the counter according to the set count mode.
[Caution]
• The format used in setting the value to the print buffer depends on the GS C0
command.
• The count mode is set by the GS C1 or GS C; command. When execution of GS c
command results in excess of the counter final value, the counting returns to the
final value of the counter.
[See Also]
GS C0 , GS C1 , GS C2 , GS C ;
[Sample Program]
[Print Results]
See the Sample Program and Print Results of the commands related to the counter.
— 86 —
GS I n1L n1H n2L n2H
[Function]
Setting the Black mark length
[Code]
<1D>H<6C>H<n1L><n1H><n2L><n2H>
[Range]
0 n1L
0 n1H
8 n2L
n2H = 0
[Outline]
Define the specifications (length) of the Black mark used.
n1: Sets the Black mark length
n2: Sets the Black mark gap length
n1 and n2 are specified units of millimeters.
Divide the maximum Black mark length by 256 with the quotient designated as n1L
and the remainder as n2H. Accordingly, the Black mark length available for setting
will be n1L + n2H × 256.
[Caution]
• If the specified length is outside of Black mark specifications, the default length is
set.
• 360 mm is the maximum Black mark length allowed to define and 24 mm is the
minimum.
• 30 mm is the maximum allowable Black mark gap length to define and 8 mm is the
minimum.
[Default]
The following default values are set when memory switch SW4-1 is set to ON.
n1L = 25
n1H = 0
n2L = 8
n2H = 0
255 (24
1
30
n1L + n1H × 256
n1
n2
— 87 —
360)
2.2.14 Printer Function Setting Commands
GS (D pL pH m [a1 b1] ··· [ak bk]
[Function]
Enabling or disabling real-time command
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<44>pL pH m [a1 b1] ··· [ak bk]
[Range]
3 (pL + pH × 256)
m = 20
a=1
b = 0, 1, 48, 49
65535
[Default]
a
1
[Outline]
Kind of Real-time Command
DLE DC4 fn m t(fn = 1): Real-time output of set pulse
Default
Valid
Enables/disables the following real-time command processing.
a
1
b
0, 48
1, 49
Function
Does not process DLE DC4 fn m t (fn = 1). (Invalid)
Processes DLE DC4 fn m t (fn = 1). (Valid)
• pL and pH sets the number of bytes on and after m in (pL + pH × 256).
• “a” sets the kind of real-time command.
• “b” sets Valid or Invalid.
When data raw that meets the code configuring real-time command in the image
data, it is recommended that the real-time command be set to Invalid by this
command.
— 88 —
GS (E pL pH fn [···]
[Function]
Printer function setting command
[Outline]
Printer function setting command is a command to change the function of the printer
stored on the non-volatile memory and executes the function set by the value of
“fn”.
Function
No. (fn)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
255
Function
Transfers to printer function setting mode. (Note)
Terminates printer function setting mode. (Note)
Sets memory switch value. (Note)
Sends memory switch value set.
Sets customize value. (Note)
Sends customized value set.
Copies user-defined page.
Defines the data in column format to the character code page of work
area.
Defines the data in raster format to the character code page of work
area.
Erases the data of character code page of work area.
Sets the communication condition of serial interface. (Note)
Sends the communication condition of serial interface set.
Sets all contents set in printer function setting mode to the state at
the time of shipment.
• pL, pH set the number of bytes following “fn” to (pL + pH × 256).
• At the end of printer function setting mode (Function 2), resetting is executed. Then
the input buffer is cleared to return various kinds of setting to the state at the time
of power on.
• The set value can be confirmed without transferring to printer function setting mode
by functions 4, 6, and 12.
• Other functions do not operate without transferring to printer function setting mode.
[Caution]
• This command allows writing to non-volatile memory. Therefore, using this
command frequently may result in breakage of memory. Use this command
appropriately [10 times max./day].
• During execution of this command, the printer is in Busy state and stops receiving
operation. Therefore, data transmission from the host is prohibited.
— 89 —
fn = 1: Function 1 Transferring to Printer Function Setting Mode
GS (E pL pH fn d1 d2 fn = 1
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn d1 d2
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 3 (pL = 3, pH = 0)
fn = 1
d1 = 73 (“I”)
d2 = 78 (“N”)
[Outline]
Transfers to printer function setting mode and sends the report of mode transfer.
Hex.
37H
20H
00H
Header
ID
NULL
— 90 —
No. of Data
1
1
1
fn = 2: Function 2 End of Printer Function Setting Mode
GS (E pL pH fn d1 d2 d3 fn = 2
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn d1 d2 d3
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 4 (pL = 4, pH = 0)
fn = 2
d1 = 79 (“O”)
d2 = 85 (“U”)
d3 = 84 (“T”)
[Outline]
• Terminates printer function setting mode and executes resetting.
Clears input buffer and print buffer and restores various kinds of setting to the
state at power on.
• Operates only in printer function setting mode.
— 91 —
fn = 3: Function 3 Setting Memory Switch Value
GS (E pL pH fn [a1 b18 ··· b11] ··· [ak bk8 ··· bk1] fn = 3
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn[a1 b18···b11]···[ak bk8···bk1]
[Range]
10 (pL + pH × 256)
fn = 3
a = 1, 2, 3, 4
b = 48, 49, 50
[Outline]
• Changes the memory switch set in a to the value set in “b”.
b
48
49
50
65535
Function
Sets corresponding bit to OFF.
Sets corresponding bit to ON.
Does not change corresponding bit.
• Setting memory with 1 (a = 1)
n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
b (Set Value)
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
49
Function
Reports the power on.
Does not report power on.
Sets input buffer capacity to 4K bytes.
Sets input buffer capacity to 48 bytes. (Note)
Sets input buffer full and offline to be Busy.
Sets to be busy with input buffer full.
At the occurrence of receiving error, replaces the data
with “?”.
At the occurrence of receiving error, ignores the data.
Disables CR (0DH).
Enables CR (0DH).
Reserved
Does not reset at serial I/F pin 6.
Resets at serial I/F pin 6.
Does not reset at serial I/F pin 25.
Resets sat serial I/F pin 25.
(Note) Differs with the number of columns (as much as font A full columns).
— 92 —
• Setting memory switch 2 (a = 2)
n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
b (Set Value)
49 (Default)
48
49 (Default)
48 (Default)
49
48
49 (Default)
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
49
48 (Default)
48 (Default)
49
Function
Reserved
Disables auto cutter.
Enables auto cutter.
Enables stored printing.
Disables stored printing.
Sets printing at full columns to be the same as CBM1000.
Sets printing at full columns to be the same as EPSON.
After cover close and PE recovery, prints as it is.
After cover close and PE recovery, prints from the
beginning using PAGE MODE, barcode, image,
double-height printing, etc. as a unit.
Sets paper width to 80 mm.
Sets paper width to 58 mm.
Reserved
Enables NPE.
Disables NPE.
• Setting memory switch 3 (a = 3)
n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
b (Set Value)
Function
48 (Default)
After clearing cutter error, can be restored by Feed SW.
49
After clearing cutter error, cannot be restored by Feed SW.
48 (Default)
When selecting cover open error as recoverable error,
recovered by cover close.
49
When selecting cover open error as recoverable error,
recovered by command.
48 (Default)
Resets with parallel pin 31.
49
Does not reset with parallel pin 31.
48 (Default)
Uses thermal paper.
49
Uses Black mark paper.
48 (Default)
Used with 48/32 print columns.
49
Used with 42/30 print columns.
48 (Default)
Undefined
48 (Default)
Sets CBM1000-noncompatible mode.
49
Sets CBM11000-compatible mode.
48 (Default)
Sets cover open error during printing to be auto recovery
error.
49
Sets cover open error during printing to be recoverable
error.
— 93 —
• Setting memory switch 4 (a = 4)
n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
b (Set Value)
Function
48 (Default)
At the selection of Black mark paper, disables auto endmeasurement.
49
At the selection of Black mark paper, enables auto endmeasurement.
48 (Default)
At the selection of Black mark paper, sets sensor position to
be on the printing side.
49
At the selection of Black mark paper, sets sensor position to
be on the back of the printing side.
48 (Default)
Undefined
48 (Default)
Undefined
48 (Default)
Undefined
48 (Default)
Undefined
48 (Default)
Undefined
48 (Default)
Undefined
* Memory switches 4-1, -2 are valid when memory switch 3-5 is ON.
— 94 —
fn = 4: Function 4 Sending the Set Memory Switch Value
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 4
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn a
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2
fn = 4
a = 1, 2, 3, 4
[Outline]
• Sends the content of memory switch set in “a”.
Hex.
37H
21H
30H or 31H
00H
Header
ID
Data
NULL
No. of Data
1
1
8
1
• Sends the set value of data in 8-byte data raw in order of bits 8, 7, 6, ....
OFF: 30H (“0”)
ON : 31H (“1”)
— 95 —
fn = 5: Function 5 Setting Customized Value
GS (E pL pH fn [a1 n1L n1H]...[ak nkL nkH] fn = 5
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn [a1 n1L n1H]...[ak nkL nkH]
[Range]
4 (pL + pH × 256) 65535
fn = 5
1 a 3 a = 5, 6, 97, 116, 201, 202
1 (nL + nH × 256) 65535
[Default]
Described in the processing table for “a”.
[Outline]
• Sets the customized value set in “a” to (nL + nH × 256).
a
3
5
6
97
116
201
202
Function
Selects paper width.
Selects printing density.
Selects printing speed.
Selects the number of divisions for conducting head.
Selects printing color.
Sets ACK output position (only parallel I/F).
Selects input buffer full Busy output/cancel timing (idle capacity).
• a = 3: Sets paper width to the size specified by (nL + nH × 256).
(nL + nH × 256)
2
3*
6 (Default)
Paper Width
58 mm
60 mm
80 mm
* No function with CT-S300.
• a = 5: Sets printing density to the level specified by (nL + nH × 256).
(nL + nH × 256)
65530
65531
65532
65533
65534
65535
0 (Default)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Printing Density
0.7 times
0.75 times
0.8 times
0.85 times
0.9 times
0.95 times
1
1.05 times
1.1 times
1.25 times
1.2 times
1.25 times
1.3 times
1.35 times
1.40 times
— 96 —
• a = 6: Sets printing speed to the value specified by (nL + nH × 256).
(nL + nH × 256)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 (Default)
Printing Speed
Printing speed level 1 (84%)
Printing speed level 2 (86%)
Printing speed level 3 (88%)
Printing speed level 4 (90%)
Printing speed level 5 (92%)
Printing speed level 6 (94%)
Printing speed level 7 (96%)
Printing speed level 8 (98%)
Printing speed level 9 (100%)
• a = 97: Sets the number of divisions for conducting head specified by (nL + nH ×
256).
(nL + nH × 256)
2 (Default)
4
No. of Divisions for Conducting Head
2-division conducting
4-division conducting
• a = 116: Sets the paper specified by (nL + nH × 256).
(nL + nH × 256)
1 (Default)
257
Paper
Specified single color paper.
Recommended 2-color paper5
• a = 201: Outputs ACK to the position specified by (nL + nH × 256).
(nL + nH × 256)
1 (Default)
2
3
ACK Output Position
ACK-in-Busy
ACK-while-Busy
ACK-after-Busy
• a = 202: Controls input buffer full Busy with the value selected by (nL + nH × 256)
and controls Busy with output/cancel timing (remaining capacity).
(nL + nH × 256)
1
2
3
4
•
•
•
•
•
When Input Buffer Capacity
“Small” is Set
Output
Cancel
16
26
16
40
30
50
30
60
When Input Buffer Capacity
4K Bytes (Large) is Set
Output
Cancel
128
256
128
512
72
256
72
512
• XON/XOFF is also output by the establishment of conditions.
• Ignores the data received when input buffer idle capacity is 0.
This function operates only in printer function setting mode.
The value changed by this command is enabled by the following.
Execution of function 2 (fn = 2: End of printer function setting mode) (Recommended)
Reentering power supply.
Hardware resetting by reset terminal
— 97 —
fn = 6: Function 6 Sending the Set Customized Value
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 6
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn a
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 6
1 a 3, a = 5, 6, 97, 116, 201, 202
[Outline]
• Sends the set value of customized value set by “a”.
Header
ID
Customized value No.
Separation number
Customized value
NULL
Hex.
37H
27H
30H ~ 39H
1FH
30H ~ 39H
00H
No. of Data
1
1
1~3
1
1~5
1
Sending Data
2nd Byte
—
—
—
55 (“7”)
49 (“1”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
3rd Byte
—
—
—
—
54 (“6”)
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
• Configuration of customized value No.
a
3
5
6
97
116
201
202
1st Byte
51 (“3”)
53 (“5”)
54 (“6”)
57 (“9”)
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
50 (“2”)
• a = 3: When paper width is specified
Setting Status
Stored
Power
Value
Width
1
58 mm
2*
60 mm
3
80 mm
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
51 (“3”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
* No function with CT-S300
— 98 —
• a = 5: When print density is specified
Setting Status
Stored
Print
Value
Density
65530
70%
65531
75%
65532
80%
65533
85%
65534
90%
65535
95%
0
Basic density
1
105%
2
110%
3
115%
4
120%
5
125%
6
130%
7
135%
8
140%
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
54 (“6”)
54 (“6”)
54 (“6”)
54 (“6”)
54 (“6”)
54 (“6”)
48 (“0”)
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
51 (“3”)
52 (“4”)
53 (“5”)
54 (“6”)
55 (“7”)
56 (“8”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
53 (“5”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
51 (“3”)
51 (“3”)
51 (“3”)
51 (“3”)
51 (“3”)
51 (“3”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
48 (“0”)
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
51 (“3”)
52 (“4”)
53 (“5”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
• a = 6: When printing speed is specified
Setting Status
Stored
Print
Value
Density
1
Speed level 1
2
Speed level 2
3
Speed level 3
4
Speed level 4
5
Speed level 5
6
Speed level 6
7
Speed level 7
8
Speed level 8
9
Speed level 9
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
51 (“3”)
52 (“4”)
53 (“5”)
54 (“6”)
55 (“7”)
56 (“8”)
57 (“9”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
• a = 97: When number of divisions for head conducting is specified
Setting Status
Stored
No. of
Value
Divisions
1 division
1
conducting
2 division
2
conducting
3 division
3
conducting
4 division
4
conducting
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
—
—
—
—
50 (“2”)
—
—
—
—
51 (“3”)
—
—
—
—
52 (“4”)
—
—
—
—
— 99 —
• a = 116: When kind of paper is specified
Setting Status
Stored
Print
Value
Control
Single-color
1
paper
2
2-color paper
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
—
—
—
—
50 (“2”)
—
—
—
—
• a = 201: When ACK output position is specified
Setting Status
Stored ACK Output
Value
Position
1
ACK-in-Busy
ACK-while2
Busy
ACK-after3
Busy
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
—
—
—
—
50 (“2”)
—
—
—
—
51 (“3”)
—
—
—
—
• a = 202: Input buffer full Busy output/cancel timing
Setting Status
Stored
BUSY
Value Output/Cancel
1
2
3
4
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
51 (“3”)
52 (“4”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
• a = 207: PNE sensor judgment time
Setting Status
Stored
Monitor
Value
Time
1
50 ms
2
100 ms
3
150 ms
4
200 ms
5
300 ms
6
500 ms
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
50 (“2”)
51 (“3”)
52 (“4”)
53 (“5”)
54 (“6”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
• a = 208: Normal/reverse rotation processing
Setting Status
Stored Paper Feed
Value
Amount
0
0 dot
•
•
•
•
•
•
65535
65535 dots
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49 (“1”)
•
•
•
54 (“6”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
53 (“5”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
53 (“5”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
51 (“3”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
53 (“5”)
— 100 —
• a = 209: PNE sensor judgment time
Setting Status
Stored
Density
Value Multiplication
1
2 times
2
3 times
3
4 times
4
5 times
5
6 times
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
49( “1”)
50 (“2”)
51 (“3”)
52 ( “4”)
53 (“5”)
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
• a = 210: High-voltage error set value
Setting Status
Stored Paper Feed
Value
Amount
0
0
•
•
•
•
•
•
255
255
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
50 (“2”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
53 (“5”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
53 (“5”)
—
•
•
•
—
—
•
•
•
—
• a = 211: Low-voltage error set value
Setting Status
Stored Paper Feed
Value
Amount
0
0
•
•
•
•
•
•
255
255
Sending Data
1st Byte
2nd Byte
3rd Byte
4th Byte
5th Byte
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
50 (“2”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
53 (“5”)
48 (“0”)
•
•
•
53 (“5”)
—
•
•
•
—
—
•
•
•
—
— 101 —
fn = 7: Function 7 Copying User-defined Page
GS (E pL pH fn a d1 d2 fn = 7
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn a d1 d2
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 4 : (pL = 4, pH = 0)
fn = 7
a = 10, 12, 17
[Outline]
• Copies the data of user-defined code page in the font specified by “a”.
a
10
12
17
Font Type
Font A: 12 (horizontal) × 24 (vertical)
Font B: 9 (horizontal) × 17 (vertical)
Font C: 8 (horizontal) × 16 (vertical)
• Configuration of customized value No.
d1
d2
31
30
30
31
Function
Loads the character code page data specified by “a” in storage
area to work area.
Saves the character code page data in work area to the storage
area of the font specified by “a”.
• Work area: Area where data is initialized by power OFF or resetting (initialize).
Operation is made in accordance with the data set in this area.
• Storage area: Area where data is not initialized by power OFF or resetting (initialize).
• User-defined code page: Page 255 (ESC t 255)
• This function operates only in printer function setting mode.
— 102 —
fn = 8: Function 8 Defining Data by the Column Format to Character
Code Page of Work Area
GS (E pL pH fn y c1 c2[x d1...d(y × x)]k fn = 8
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn y c1 c2 [x d1..d(yXx)]k
[Range]
5 (pL + pH × 256) 65535
fn = 8
y = 2 (At selection of font C)
y = 3 (At selection of other than font C)
128 c1 c2 255
0 x 12 (At selection of font A)
0 x 9 (At selection of font B)
0 x 8 (At selection of font C)
0 d 255
k = c2 – c1 + 1
[Outline]
Defines the data in column format in units of character on the code page in RAM.
Operates only in printer function setting mode.
Data structure (9 × 17)
d1 d4 ............................ d25
d3 d6 ............................ d27
Bits 6 through 0 are
not character data
— 103 —
fn = 9: Function 9 Defining Data in the Raster Format to the Character
Code Page of Work Area
GS (E pL pH fn x c1 c2[y d1...d(y × x)]k fn = 9
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn x c1 c2 [y d1...d(yXx)]k
[Range]
5 (pL + pH × 256) 65535
fn = 9
y = 1 (At selection of font C)
y = 2 (At selection of other than font C)
128 c1 c2 255
0 y 24 (At selection of font A)
0 x 17 (At selection of font B)
0 x 16 (At selection of font C)
0 d 255
k = c2 – c1 + 1
[Outline]
Defines the data in raster format in units of character on the character code page in
work area.
Operates only in printer function setting mode.
Data structure (12 × 24)
d1 (odd number)
d2 (even number)
Bits 6 through 0 are
not character data
— 104 —
fn = 10: Function 10 Erasing Data of Character Code Page Data in
Work Area
GS (E pL pH fn c1 c2 fn = 10
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn c1 c2
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 3
fn = 10
128 c1 c2 255
[Outline]
Erases (set to space) data in units of character on the character code page in work
area.
Operates only in printer function setting mode.
— 105 —
fn = 11: Function 11 Setting Communication Conditions of Serial
Interface
GS (E pL pH fn a d1...cdk fn = 11
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn a d1..dk
[Range]
3 (pL + pH × 256) 65535 (0 pL 255, 0 pH 255)
fn = 11
1 a 4 (Not changed in other than specified range)
48 d 57 (Not changed in other than specified range)
1 k 6
[Outline]
Sets the communication conditions of serial interface specified by “a”.
• a = 1: Setting baud rate
Baud Rate
2400
4800
9600
19200
(Default)
38400
d1
50 (“2”)
52 (“4”)
57 (“9”)
d2
52 (“4”)
56 (“8”)
54 (“6”)
d3
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
d4
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
d5
—
—
—
d6
—
—
—
49 (“1”)
57 (“9”)
50 (“2”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
—
51 (“3”)
56 (“8”)
52 (“4”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
—
• a = 2: Setting to specified parity
d1
48 (Default)
49
50
Parity Setting
No parity
Odd parity
Even parity
• a = 3: Setting to specified flow control
d1
48 (Default)
49
Flow Control
DSR/DTR
XON/XOFF
• a = 4: Setting to specified data length
d1
55
56 (Default)
Setting Data Length
7-bit length
8-bit length
• Operates only in printer function setting mode.
• Which of dip SW or memory SW is used at initialization depends on “Selecting
communication condition setting” of dip SW1-1.
— 106 —
fn = 12: Function 12 Sending the Set Communication Conditions of
Serial Interface
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 12
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn a
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 12
1 a 4 (Does not send in other than specified range)
[Outline]
Sends communication conditions of serial interface specified by “a”.
• a = 1: Setting baud rate
Header
ID
Kind of communication conditions (a)
Separation number
Set value
NULL
Hex.
37H
33H
31H (“1”) ~ 34H (“4”)
1FH
30H ~ 39H
00H
No. of Data
1
1
1
1
1~6
1
Set value
• a = 1: At specification of baud rate
Baud Rate
2400
4800
9600
19200
38400
d1
50 (“2”)
52 (“4”)
57 (“9”)
49 (“1”)
51 (“3”)
d2
52 (“4”)
56 (“8”)
54 (“6”)
57 (“9”)
56 (“8”)
d3
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
50 (“2”)
52 (“4”)
d4
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
• a = 2: At specification of parity
d1
48
49
50
Parity Setting
No parity
Odd parity
Even parity
• a = 3: At specification of flow control
d1
48
49
Flow Control
DSR/DTR
XON/XOFF
• a = 4: Setting to specified data length
d1
48
49
Setting Data Length
7-bit length
8-bit length
— 107 —
d5
—
—
—
48 (“0”)
48 (“0”)
d6
—
—
—
—
—
fn = 255: Function 255 Setting All Contents Set by Printer Function
Setting Mode to the State at Shipment
GS (E pL pH fn a fn = 255
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<45>pL pH fn a
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2
fn = 255
a = 3, 5, 11, 255
[Outline]
Restores various kinds of function set by printer function setting mode to the setting
at the time of shipment (initial value described in User’s Manual).
a
3
5
11
255
Function
Memory switch
Customized value
Communication conditions of serial interface
Sets all contents set in printer function setting mode to the state
at the time of shipment.
— 108 —
GS (K pL pH fn m
[Function]
Selecting print control method
[Outline]
Executes the setting related to the print control specified by the value of “fn”.
Function
No. (fn)
49
50
97
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
Function
Sets printing density.
Sets printing speed.
Sets the number of divisions for head conducting.
Selects print paper.
Sets paper feed amount at cover close.
Sets paper feed amount after cutter operation.
Sets head overheat temperature (only recovery temperature)
Time for blurring Paper Near-end Sensor.
Reverse/normal rotation (absorbing backlash) processing
Multiplication of conducting (application) for 1st color of 2nd color
printing
Sets the value to become high-voltage error.
Sets the value to become low-voltage error.
— 109 —
fn = 49: Function 49 Setting Printing Density
GS (K pL pH fn m fn = 49
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<4B>pL pH fn m
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 49
0 m 9, 250 m 255
[Default]
m = 0 (Customized value setting value)
[Outline]
Sets printing density.
m
250
251
252
253
254
255
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Printing Density
Selects density level –6 (70%)
Selects density level –5 (75%)
Selects density level –4 (80%)
Selects density level –3 (85%)
Selects density level –2 (90%)
Selects density level –1 (95%)
Selects standard density (100%)
Selects density level + 1 (105%)
Selects density level + 2 (110%)
Selects density level + 3 (115%)
Selects density level + 4 (120%)
Selects density level + 5 (125%)
Selects density level + 6 (130%)
Selects density level + 7 (135%)
Selects density level + 8 (140%)
— 110 —
fn = 50: Function 50 Setting Printing Speed
GS (K pL pH fn m fn = 50
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<4B>pL pH fn m
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 50
0 m 4, 48 m 52
[Default]
m = 0 (Customized value setting)
[Outline]
Sets printing speed.
m
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
4, 52
5, 53
6, 54
7, 55
8, 56
9, 57
Printing Speed
Selects print control mode at power on.
Selects printing speed level 1.
Selects printing speed level 2.
Selects printing speed level 3.
Selects printing speed level 4.
Selects printing speed level 5.
Selects printing speed level 6.
Selects printing speed level 7.
Selects printing speed level 8.
Selects printing speed level 9.
— 111 —
fn = 97: Function 97 Setting Number of Divisions for Head
Conducting
GS (K pL pH fn m fn = 97
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<4B>pL pH fn m
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 97
0 m 6, 48 m 52
[Default]
m = 9 (Customize value setting)
[Outline]
Sets the number of divisions for head conducting.
m
0, 48
2, 50
4, 52
No. of Divisions for Head Conducting
No. of divisions at power on.
Selects 2-division conducting.
Selects 4-division conducting.
— 112 —
GS (M pL pH fn m
[Function]
Customizing the printer
[Outline]
Executes processing related to escape/recovery of the value set in the work area or
the data defined by various kinds of command.
fn
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Function
Copies the set value stored in work area to the storage area.
Copies the set value stored in storage area to the work area.
Specifies the auto loading function of the set value at initialization to
be valid or invalid.
• Work area:
Area where data is initialized by power OFF of resetting (initialize). Operation is
made in accordance with the data set in this area.
• Storage area:
Area where data is not initialized by power OFF or resetting (initialize).
Commands for this function
Command Type
Status relations
Macro registration
Character type
Font attribute
Line feed amount, character space
Barcode
2-dimensional code
Print position
Other
Kanji control relations
— 113 —
Command
ESC c3, GS a
GS :
ESC M, ESC R, ESC t
ESC !, ESC –, ESC E, ESC G, ESC V,
ESC {, GS !, GS B, GS b, GS (N
ESC SP, ESC 2, ESC 3
GS H, GS f, GS h, GS w
GS (k<fn65~70>
ESC D, ESC T, ESC a, GS L, GS W
ESC c4, ESC c5, GS (D, GS P
FS !, FS &, FS (A, FS –n, FS (n,
FS S, FS W
fn = 1, 49: Function 1
GS (M pL pH fn m fn = 1, 49
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<4D>pL pH fn m
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 1, 49
m = 1, 49
[Outline]
Copies the set value stored in work area to the storage area.
[Caution]
• This command allows writing to non-volatile memory. Therefore, using this
command frequently may result in breakage of non-volatile memory. Use this
command appropriately [10 times max./day].
• During execution of this command, the printer is in Busy state and stops receiving
operation. Therefore, data transmission from the host is prohibited.
fn = 2, 50: Function 2
GS (M pL pH fn m fn = 2, 50
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<4D>pL pH fn m
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 2, 50
m = 0, 1, 48, 49
[Outline]
Changes the set value of work area by the value of “m”.
m
0, 48
1, 49
Function
Sets all set values of work area to the initial value described in the
specification.
Copies the set value stored in storage area to the work area.
When there is no set value in storage area, sets the value to the initial
value described in the specification.
— 114 —
fn = 3, 51: Function 3
GS (M pL pH fn m fn = 3, 51
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<4D>pL pH fn m
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 3, 51
m = 0, 1, 48, 49
[Outline]
Determines the setting of storage area at initialization to the work area by the value
of “m”.
m
0, 48
1, 49
Function
Does not copy data from storage area to work area at initialization.
Copies data from storage area to work area at initialization.
— 115 —
GS (N pL pH fn m
[Function]
Designating font attribute
[Outline]
Executes processing of font attribute by the specified fn value.
fn
48
Function
Selects character color.
fn = 48: Function 48
GS (N pL pH fn m fn = 48
[Code]
<1d>H<28>H<4E>pL pH fn m
[Range]
(pL + pH × 256) = 2 : (pL = 2, pH = 0)
fn = 48
m = 49 (At single color paper setting)
m = 49, 50 (At 2-color paper setting)
[Default]
m = 49
[Outline]
Prints the succeeding characters with the energy set in m.
m
49
50
Function
High energy
Low energy
— 116 —
2.2.15 Other Commands
DLE ENQ n
[Function]
Real-time request to printer
[Code]
<10>H<05>H<n>
[Range]
1
[Outline]
The printer responds in real-time to the request that the host specifies with number
“n”.
n
2
n
0
1
2
Function
At the setting of execution of GS ^ by the FEED switch, the same
processing as that pressing the FEED switch once is carried out.
After recovering from an error, the printer resumes printing from the
beginning of the line where the error occurred.
The printer clears the receive buffer and the print buffer, and then
recovers from the error.
[Caution]
• (n = 1) or (n = 2) shall be used after removing the error.
• When receiving a code row coinciding with the code configuring this command,
the same operation as this command takes place and attention by the user is
required.
Example: When corresponding code row is present in bit image data.
• This command must not be used between other command code rows.
Example: This command is used in the bit image data.
• This command is ignored during transmission of block data.
[See Also]
DLE EOT
— 117 —
DLE DC4 fn m t (Specification of fn = 1)
[Function]
Outputting specified pulse in real-time
[Code]
<10>H<14>H<fn><m><t>
[Range]
fn = 1, 0
[Outline]
• A signal specified with “t” is output to the connector pin specified with “m”.
m
0
1
m
8, 1
t
8
Connector Pin
Pin No. 2 of drawer kick-out connector
Pin No. 5 of drawer kick-out connector
• Set the ON time/OFF time to t × 100 ms, respectively.
[Caution]
• When receiving a code row coinciding with the code configuring this command,
the same operation as this command takes place and attention by the user is
required.
Example: When corresponding code row is present in bit image data.
• This command must not be used between other command code rows.
Example: This command is used in the bit image data.
• This command is ignored under the following conditions.
• During sending block data
• During output of signal to drawer kick connector
• During occurrence of error
[See Also]
ESC p
— 118 —
DLE DC4 fn d1...d7 (Specification of fn = 8)
[Function]
Buffer clear
[Code]
<10>H<14>H<fn><d1> ...<d7>
[Range]
fn = 8, d1 = 1, d2 = 3, d3 = 20, d4 = 1, d5 = 6, d6 = 2, d7 = 8
[Outline]
• Erases all data in receiving buffer or print buffer.
• Sends the following 3-byte data group.
Header
Identifier
NULL
Hex.
37H
25H
00H
Decimal
55
37
0
No. of Data
1 byte
1 byte
1 byte
• Enters the state of selecting STANDARD MODE.
[Caution]
• When receiving a code row coinciding with the code configuring this command,
the same operation as this command takes place and attention by the user is
required.
Example: When corresponding code row is present in bit image data.
• This command must not be used between other command code rows.
Example: This command is used in bit image data.
• This command is ignored during transmission of block data.
[See Also]
ESC p
— 119 —
ESC = n
[Function]
Data input control
[Code]
<1B>H<3D>H<n>
[Range]
0
[Outline]
• Selecting equipment for which data input from the host is valid.
• Each bit of “n” indicates as follows.
• When the printer has not been selected, this printer abandons all the received data
until it is selected by this command.
n
255
Bit
Equipment
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Printer
Not defined
Not defined
Not defined
Not defined
Not defined
Not defined
Not defined
Value
0
Invalid
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
1
Valid
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
[Caution]
• Even when the printer has not been selected, it can become BUSY state through
printer operation.
• When the printer is deselected, this printer discards all the data until it is selected
with this command. (Except DLE EOT, DLE ENQ, and DLE DC4)
[See Also]
n=1
— 120 —
ESC @
[Function]
Initializing the printer
[Code]
<1B>H<40>H
[Outline]
Clears data stored in the print buffer and brings various settings to the initial state
(Default state).
[Caution]
•
•
•
•
•
The settings of DIP switches are not read again.
Data inside the internal input buffer is not cleared.
Macro definitions are not cleared.
NV bit image definitions are not cleared.
Data in the user NV memory is not cleared.
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"!";CHR$(&H30);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"V";CHR$(1);
LPRINT "AAA";CHR$(&HA);
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);"@";
LPRINT "AAA";CHR$(&HA);
[Print Results]
A
A
A
AAA
Each setting has been initialized by this command.
— 121 —
ESC L
[Function]
Selecting PAGE MODE
[Code]
<1B>H<4C>H
[Outline]
Switches from STANDARD MODE to PAGE MODE.
[Caution]
• This command is only effective if it entered at the beginning of a line.
• This command is not effective if it is entered when in PAGE MODE.
• STANDARD MODE is restored when printing specified by FF is finished or when
ESC S is issued.
• The character mapping start position will be the point specified by ESC T in the
print area specified by ESC W.
• The commands listed below, which have separate settings for PAGE MODE and
STANDARD MODE, are changed to the settings for PAGE MODE use.
(1) Spacing setting: ESC SP, FS S
(2) Line feed width setting: ESC 2, ESC 3
• The following commands are valid only in PAGE MODE.
(1) ESC V
Specifying/canceling 90°-right-turned characters.
(2) ESC a
Aligning the characters.
(3) ESC {
Specifying/canceling the inverted characters.
(4) GS L
Setting the left margin.
(5) G3S W
Setting the print area width.
• The following commands are disabled in PAGE MODE.
(1) GS ( A
Executes test printing.
(2) FS P
Prints NV memory bit image.
(3) FS q
Defines NV memory bit image.
(4) GS v 0
Prints raster bit image.
• ESC @ restores STANDARD MODE.
[See Also]
Appendix 4.1.4 “Example of using PAGE MODE”
FF, CAN, ESC FF, ESC S, ESC T, ESC W, GS W, GS \
— 122 —
ESC S
[Function]
Selecting STANDARD MODE
[Code]
<1B>H<53>H
[Outline]
Switches from PAGE MODE to STANDARD MODE.
[Caution]
• This command is only effective if it is entered when in PAGE MODE.
• Any data mapped in PAGE MODE is erased.
• After this command is executed, the beginning of the line is taken as the next print
start position.
• The print area defined by ESC W is initialized.
• The commands listed below, which have separate settings for STANDARD MODE
and PAGE MODE, are changed to the settings for STANDARD MODE use.
(1) Spacing setting: ESC SP, FS S
(2) Line feed width setting: ESC 2, ESC 3
• The following commands are valid only in setting in STANDARD MODE.
(1) ESC W
Sets the space amount for setting print area in PAGE MODE.
(2) ESC T
Selects the printing direction of character in PAGE MODE.
(3) GS $
Sets the absolute position of character vertical direction in PAGE
MODE.
• STANDARD MODE is selected when the printer is turned on or reset, or when ESC
@ is executed.
[See Also]
FF, ESC FF, ESC L
— 123 —
ESC p m n1 n2
[Function]
Generating the specified pulses
[Code]
<1B>H<70>H<m><n1><n2>
[Range]
m = 0, 1, 48, 49
0 < n1 n2 255
[Outline]
• The signals specified by “n1” and “n2” are output to the connector pin specified by
“m”.
• “m” has the followings.
m
0, 48
1, 49
Connector Pin
Drawer kick-out pin No. 2
Drawer kick-out pin No. 5
• The ON time is n1 × 2 ms, and OFF time n2 × 2 ms.
[Caution]
• When “m” is beyond a definition range, no signal is output, discarding “n1” and
“n2”.
• The drawer drive duty must be within the following range:
ON time
0.2
ON time + OFF time
(The OFF time should be 4 times or more longer than the ON time.)
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B) + "p"
LPRINT CHR$(0);
← Selects pin No. 2.
LPRINT CHR$(5);
← Sets ON time to 10 ms
LPRINT CHR$(50);
← Sets OFF time to 100 ms
— 124 —
GS ( A pL pH n m
[Function]
Execution of test printing
[Code]
<1D>H<28>H<41>H<pL><pH><n><m>
[Range]
(pL + (pH × 256)) = 2 (pL = 2, pH = 0)
0 n 2, 48 n 50
1 m 3, 49 m 51
[Outline]
Specified test printing will be executed.
• pL, pH will specify the number of subsequent parameters by (pL + (pH × 256))bytes.
• “n” will specify the paper for test printing in the following table.
n
0, 48
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
Category of Paper
Basic paper (Paper rolls)
Paper rolls
• “m” will specify the category of test printing in the following table.
m
1, 49
2, 50
3, 51
[Caution]
Category of Test Printing
Hexadecimal dump
Printer’s status printing
Memory SW settings
• This command is only valid when processed at the head of a line during the
STANDARD MODE.
• The command will be ignored in PAGE MODE.
• During macro definition, if this command is processed, the macro definition is
suspended, and the command starts being processed.
• Printer will reset its hard disk after finishing test printing. Therefore, the printer
makes download characters, bit map images and macros undefined, clears the
reception buffer/print buffer, and returns the various settings to defaults. At this
time, the DIP switches are read again.
• Paper cutting is performed at the end of test printing.
• Printer will be BUSY when the processing of the command starts.
— 125 —
GS I n
[Function]
Sending the printer ID
[Code]
<1D>H<49>H<n>
[Range]
1
[Outline]
Sends the specified printer ID.
n
4, 49
n
1,49
2,50
3,51
4,52
n
52, 65
n
69, n=112, 250, 251
Type of Printer ID
Model ID
Type ID
ROM version ID
Black mark Length
Specification
Value (Hex.)
CT-S300
35
Refer to table “Type ID” below
90h
Depends on Black mark paper (mm)
Sends the specified printer information.
n
65
66
67
68
69
250
Kind of Printer Information
Firmware version
Manufacturer name
Model name
Serial number
Kinds of multi-language fonts
Sending of checksum value
Information
Differs by firmware version.
CBM
CT-S300
Japanese Kanji specifications: KANJI
Checksum value of F/W
Type ID If n = 2, 50 is specified:
Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Meaning
Equipped for 2 byte code support
Equipped with autocutter
Thermal paper
Black mark paper (when Black mark
paper is selected)
Undefined
Unused
Undefined
Undefined
Unused
— 126 —
Hex.
01
02
00
Decimal
1
2
0
04
4
—
00
—
—
00
—
0
—
—
0
n = 4, 52 specified (only for B.M specs)
The Black mark length and mark interval currently used are returned in 4-byte code.
All fractional parts in millimeters are rounded off.
Byte 1 + Byte 2 × 256 = Black mark interval
Byte 3 + Byte 4 × 256 = Black mark length
(2)
(1)
Black mark paper
[Caution]
• Under DTR/DSR control, the printer sends the printer ID after verifying that the
host is ready to receive.
• Sending the Black mark length is valid only when Black mark paper is selected.
If the host is not ready to receive, the printer waits for the host to become ready to
receive.
• Under XON/XOFF control, the printer sends the printer ID without checking whether
or not the host is ready to receive.
• Because this command is executed when data is mapped in the receive buffer,
there may be a delay between command receiving and printer ID sending depending
on the condition of the receive buffer.
• If ASB (Automatic Status Back) is enabled by GS a, the host must discriminate
between the printer ID due to this command and the status due to ASB.
— 127 —
GS P x y
[Function]
Specifying the basic calculation pitch
[Code]
<1D>H<50>H<x><y>
[Range]
0
0
[Outline]
• This command sets the horizontal basic calculation pitch to approx. 25.4/x mm (1/
x inches), and the vertical basic calculation pitch to approx. 25.4/y mm (1/y inches).
• If x = 0, the horizontal basic calculation pitch is reverted to the default value.
• If y = 0, the vertical basic calculation pitch is reverted to the default value.
[Caution]
• The horizontal direction is defined as the direction perpendicular to the paper feed,
and the vertical direction is defined as the paper feed direction.
• In STANDARD MODE, the following parameters are used regardless of the character
orientation (e.g. inverted or 90°-right-turned).
(1) Commands using x: ESC SP, ESC $, ESC \, FS S, GS L, GS W
(2) Commands using y: ESC 3, ESC J
• In PAGE MODE, the parameters used depend on the character orientation, as follows:
(1) If the start point specified by ESC T is the top left or bottom right (The characters
are mapped in the direction perpendicular to the paper feed):
• Commands using x: ESC SP, ESC $, ESC W, ESC \, FS S
• Commands using y: ESC 3, ESC J, ESC W, GS $, GS \
(2) If the start point specified by ESC T is the top right or bottom left (The characters
are mapped in the paper feed direction):
• Commands using x: ESC 3, ESC J, ESC W, GS $, GS \
• Commands using y: ESC SP, ESC $, ESC W, ESC \, FS S
• This command does not affect any other values that are already set.
• If calculations made in combination with another command generate fractions,
the fractions are corrected with the minimum pitch of the mechanism, and the
remainder is omitted.
[Default]
x = 203, y = 360
[See Also]
Appendix 4.1 “Explanation on PAGE MODE”
ESC SP, ESC $, ESC 3, ESC J, ESC W, ESC \, GS $, GS L, GS W, GS
x
y
255
255
— 128 —
ESC RS
[Function]
Sound buzzer
[Code]
<1B>H<1E>H
[Outline]
Sound the buzzer for 200 ms.
[Caution]
This command is buffered before execution.
[Sample Program]
LPRINT CHR$(&H1B);CHR$(&H1E);
[Execution Result]
The buzzer sounds for approx. 200 ms.
— 129 —
3. CHARACTER CODE TABLE
3.1 Code Page
3.1.1 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC437 (USA, Europe Standard)
— 130 —
3.1.2 Codepage 00H to 7FH & Katakana
— 131 —
3.1.3 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC850 (Multilingual)
— 132 —
3.1.4 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC860 (Portuguese)
— 133 —
3.1.5 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC863 (Canadian-French)
— 134 —
3.1.6 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC865 (Nordic)
— 135 —
3.1.7 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC852 (Eastern Europe)
— 136 —
3.1.8 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC857 (Russian)
— 137 —
3.1.9 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC857 (Turkish)
— 138 —
3.1.10 Codepage 00H to 7FH & PC864 (Arabic)
— 139 —
3.1.11 Codepage 00H to 7FH & WPC1252
— 140 —
3.2 International Character Code Table
Country
U.S.A
France
Germany
U.K.
Denmark I
Sweden
Italy
Spain I
Japan
Norway
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Korea
— 141 —
4. APPENDIX
4.1 Explanation on PAGE MODE
4.1.1 Overview
The printer has two print modes: STANDARD and PAGE.
In STANDARD MODE, the printer prints or feeds paper each time it receives a print or paper feed command.
In PAGE MODE, when the printer receives print commands and/or form feed commands, it simply forwards
them to the specified print area of memory. Only when an ESC FF or FF is executed, all the data mapped in
the print area will then be printed in a batch.
For example, suppose you executed a print and line feed for data “ABCDEF”<LF>. In STANDARD MODE, the
data “ABCDEF” is printed and paper is advanced one line. In PAGE MODE, the data “ABCDEF” is written in
the specified print area of memory, and the memory location for the storage of the next print data is shifted
one line.
The printer enters PAGE MODE with an ESC L, so that all commands received after that point are handled in
PAGE MODE. When an ESC FF is executed, the data received until then is printed in a batch. When an FF is
executed, the data received until then is printed in a batch, after which the printer returns to STANDARD
MODE. An ESC S causes the printer to immediately return to STANDARD MODE; any print data, however,
that has been stored in PAGE MODE is not printed. Instead it will be cleared.
ESC L
STANDARD MODE
ESC FF
PAGE MODE
Print
ESC S
FF
Print
[Switching Between STANDARD MODE and PAGE MODE]
4.1.2 Values Set by Each Command in STANDARD MODE and PAGE MODE
(1)
The values set with commands are common to the STANDARD MODE and PAGE MODE. The values set
with any of the commands listed below are, however, treated differently and stored separately for the
STANDARD and PAGE MODES.
• ESC SP, ESC 2, ESC 3, FS S
(2)
The maximum printable size of a bitmap image is 576 dots for STANDARD MODE. In PAGE MODE, the
maximum printable size of a bitmap image is 831 dots in the “y” direction (paper feed direction).
(However 831 dots are reserved for “y” of the print area set by ESC W and the value of print direction
“n” specified by ESC T is 1 or 3.)
— 142 —
4.1.3 Mapping of Print Data in the Print Area
Print data is mapped in the print area as follows:
(1)
The print area is set by ESC W. When the printer has finished all of the print and paper feed actions
specified before receiving an ESC W, the ESC W sets the right end (as viewed facing the printer) as the
start point (x0, y0) of the print area. The print area is a rectangle defined by two edges extending from
the start point (x0, y0): one edge running in the “x” (Horizontal) direction by “dx” pitch (inclusive of the
start point), and the other running in the “y” (Vertical) direction by “dy” pitch. (If no ESC W is defined,
the default values are used to define the print area.)
(2)
With a print area defined by ESC W and a print direction specified by ESC T, when the printer receives
print data, the print data is mapped in the print area where point A (see the Figure 4-1 “Mapping Position
for Character Data”) is used as the initial value of the start point. If the print data consists of characters,
this start point serves as the baseline.
If the print data is a downloaded bitmap image or a bar code, the print data is mapped with its lower-left
point B aligned to the baseline. (See the Figure 4-2 “Mapping Positions for Print Data”.)
When attempting to map the HRI characters of a bar code, however, the section above the standard
character height will not be printed.
(3)
If print data (or the space to the right of a character) extends beyond the print area before a command
that involves a line feed (for example, LF or ESC J command) is received, a line feed is automatically
executed in the print area, so that the mapping position of the print data is moved one line. The next
mapping position will be the beginning of the line. In this case, the line feed width is as defined by a
command such as ESC 2 or ESC 3.
(4)
By default, the line feed width is 1/6 inch, which is equivalent to 34 dots. If the print data for the next line
includes a vertically doubled or taller character, a downloaded bitmap image extending two or more
lines, or a bar code taller than the character height, the data, therefore, falls short of the line feed width,
causing the upper dots of the character to overlap the print data of the current line. The line feed width
needs to be increased.
Mapping direction
x0, y0
Baseline
3
24-3
A
Point A
Print area
dx, dy
Figure 4-1 Mapping Position for Character Data
x*8
Double height character
Downloaded
bit image
Bar code
GS k m
12
Point B
Point B
GShn
6*8=48
24
A
nH*256+nL
Bit image
Baseline
Esc * m nL nH
6
3 24-3
12
24*2-6=42
GS * x y
(HRI Characters)
Point B
Point B
Figure 4-2 Mapping Positions for Print Data
— 143 —
4.1.4 Example of Using PAGE MODE
The following explains specific uses of PAGE MODE.
When in PAGE MODE, the commands are typically sent from the host to the printer in the following sequence:
(1)
An ESC L puts the printer in PAGE MODE.
(2)
An ESC W specifies the print area.
(3)
An ESC T specifies the print direction.
(4)
Print data is sent.
(5)
An FF instructs the printer to print the print data in a batch.
(6)
After printing, the printer returns to STANDARD MODE.
< Example 1 >
100 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"L";
110 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"W";CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);
120 PRINT #1,CHR$(200);CHR$(0);CHR$(144);CHR$(1);
130 PRINT #1,CHR$(&H1B);"T";CHR$(0);
140 PRINT #1,"Page mode lesson Test1"
150 PRINT #1,CHR$(&HC);
The program in Example 1 reserves a print area of 200 × 400 pitches extending from the start point (0, 0), and
then prints the text “Page Mode lesson Test 1” on the first line of the print area as shown in Figure 4-3
“Example 1: Results of Print”.
(0,0)
200
Page Mode lesson
Paper
Test 1
400
Print area
Print
direction
Figure 4-3 Example 1: Results of Print
— 144 —
In Figure 4-3, a line feed occurs between “lesson” and “Test 1” because the space “ “ next to “lesson” does
not fit in the horizontal range of the 200 × 400-pitch print area. The line feed width conforms to the value
specified by a command such as ESC 3.
It is possible to set as many print areas as desired before executing FF. If print areas overlap each other, the
print area setup data are ORed with the previous data.
If you want to erase a section of mapped data, use the CAN command. The CAN command erases all data in
the print area being specified. You can, therefore, use an ESC W to define a print area that encloses the
section you want to erase, and then execute the CAN command, so that the section of the data is erased.
It is important to remember that any part of a character that overlaps with the specified print area will be
erased.
< Example 2 >
100 PRINT #1, CHR$(&H1B);"L";
110 PRINT #1, CHR$(&H1B);"W";CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);CHR$(0);
120 PRINT #1, CHR$(200);CHR$(0);CHR$(144);CHR$(1);
130 PRINT #1, CHR$(&H1B);"T";CHR$(0);
140 PRINT #1, "Page mode lesson2CAN command";
150 PRINT #1, CHR$(&HA);
160 PRINT #1, "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST1234567890";
170 PRINT #1, CHR$(&HC);
First, an ESC L is sent to switch to PAGE MODE (100th line). Next, an ESC W is used to send eight arguments,
n1 to n8, to reserve a print area. In this example, the arguments are sent in the sequence of 0, 0, 0, 0, 200, 0,
144, and 1, to reserve a print area that measures 200 from the start point (0, 0) in the “x” direction and 400 in
the “y” direction (110th to 120th line). Furthermore, an ESC T is isued to specify the print direction to be “0”
(130th line).
After the above setup, print data is sent (140th to 160th line). Finally, an FF is sent (170th line) to produce a
print-out as shown in Figure 4-4 “Example 2: Result of Print”.
(0,0)
200
Page Mode lesson
Paper
2 CAN command
400
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP
QRSTU1234567890
Print area
Print
direction
Figure 4-4 Example 2: Result of Print
— 145 —
Before an FF is sent (170th line), the following program code can be added to remove part of the data.
180 PRINT #1, CHR$(&H1B);"W";CHR$(72);CHR$(0);CHR$(120);CHR$(0);
190 PRINT #1, CHR$(36);CHR$(0);CHR$(48)CHR$(0);
200 PRINT #1, CHR$(&H18);
As a result of the additional program code, a print-out is executed as shown in Figure 4-5 “Print Result of
Adding a Program of Example 3 to Example 2”, where the string “GHI” is removed.
When strings are removed with CAN, the area where the string would have been is not used by the rest of the
data, instead it is converted into a sequence of spaces.
(0,0)
200
Page Mode lesson
2CAN command
ABCDEF JKLMNOP
400 QRSTU1234567890
Paper
Print area
Print
direction
Figure 4-5 Print Result of Adding a Program of Example 3 to Example 2
— 146 —
4.2 Bidirectional Parallel Interface
Overview
The interface of the printer is a Level-1 compatible device according to IEEE-P1284. It supports the
communication modes described in 4.2.1 below.
4.2.1 Parallel Interface Communication Mode
The parallel interface of the printer provides three communication modes as outlined below. When the
printer is turned on or reset, it defaults to Compatibility mode.
• Compatibility Mode
Data is transmitted from the host to the printer in units of one byte. Usually, this mode is used for data
transmission. You may switch to the other modes from Compatibility mode.
• Nibble Mode
Data is transmitted from the printer to the host in units of four bits. The data transmission from the printer
uses a status signal line. To send one byte of data in this mode, two sets of four-bit data are sent consecutively.
• Byte Mode
Data is transmitted from the printer to the host in units of one byte. Data transmission from the printer
uses an 8-bit data signal line. For Byte mode, the host must be capable of toggling the signal direction over
the 8-bit data signal line. Communication from the host to the printer is called Forward mode, while
communication from the printer to the host is called Reverse mode.
4.2.2 Interfacing Phases
Interfacing in each communication mode is divided into several phases. In addition, there is a phase for
mode initialization, as well as a phase for mode switching. Interface signals may differ in name and function
for different modes and different phases.
Aborted
Transfer
Termination from
Other Modes
(Except EPP)
Compatibility Mode
*Forward
Data
Transfer
Host Xmits
Data
Forward
Idle
Termination
End forward
Data Xfer
Failed
Negotiation
Event 1
Negotiation
Event 6
Event 6
Event 11
Host Busy
Data Not
Available
Event 11
Reverse
Data
Transfer
Event 7
Event 7
Host Busy
Data
Available
Event 21
Reverse
Idle
Event 18
— 147 —
Interrupt
Host
4.2.3 Negotiation
Overview
Usually, the printer is started in Compatibility mode, which corresponds to the Centronics interface phase.
When the host intends to switch to the Nibble or Byte mode, it sends a request and negotiates with the
printer. A general flow of negotiations is given below.
(1)
The host sets the IEEE 1284 Active signal to High. In response, the printer moves into the Negotiation
phase.
(2)
The printer replies whether it can execute the mode requested by the host.
(3)
The interface terminates the Negotiation phase and moves into the communication phase.
Negotiation Procedure
The negotiations proceed as follows:
(1)
In IEEE 1284 communication mode, the host and printer are in Compatibility mode by default. They
remain in Compatibility mode as long as the host recognizes the connected device as an IEEE 1284
compatible device.
(2)
To start negotiations, the host sets the communication mode request bit on the data path. (Event 0)
(3)
The host sets IEEE 1284 Active (nSelectln) to High, and HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low. (Event 1)
(4)
The printer responds by setting PtrClk (nAck) to Low, nDataAvail (nFault) to High, Xflag (Select) to High,
and AckDatReq (PError) to High. (Event 2)
(5)
The host sets HostClk (nStrobe) to Low. In response, the printer latches the data of the communication
mode request bit. (Event 3)
(6)
The host sets HostClk (nStrobe) and HostBusy (nAutoFd) to High. (Event 4)
(7)
If the printer has communication data to send to the host, it sets AckDataReq (PError) to Low, nDataAvail
(nFault) to Low, and Xflag (Select) to the value corresponding to the communication mode. (Event 5)
Xflag: Nibble Mode: Low
Byte Mode: High
(8)
The printer sets PtrClk (nAck) to High to indicate that it is ready to read status lines. (Event 6)
(9)
If the printer has communication data to send to the host, the host moves into the Host Busy Available
phase or Termination phase, and then returns to the Compatibility mode.
(10) If the printer has no communication data to send to the host, the host moves into the Host Busy Data Not
Available phase or Termination phase, and then returns to the Compatibility mode.
(11) If the printer cannot support the communication mode requested by the host, it sets Xflag (Select) as
follows:
When Nibble mode is requested: High
When Byte mode is requested: Low
— 148 —
Precautions
(1)
The Negotiation phase is triggered when the IEEE 1284 Active signal sent by the host becomes High.
(2)
In Compatibility mode, the time when the negotiation process begins is, as a general rule, after the host
sets nStrobe to High and then the printer outputs an nAck pulse.
Once the nStrobe signal is set to High, however, the printer immediately moves into the Negotiation
phase when the high state of IEEE 1284 Active is detected, even if the nAck pulse has yet to be output or
is being output. In this case, if the printer has returned to Compatibility mode after Termination, no
nAck pulse will be output.
(3)
Negotiations can be entered from the Busy or Error state of the Compatibility mode. In this case, the
printer will not return to the Busy or Error state before the negotiations, but still remains in the printer
state just after Termination.
(4)
If the host requested a communication mode that is not supported by the printer, it must move into the
Termination phase and return to the Compatibility mode.
Table 2.4.1 Definitions of Request Bits in IEEE 1284 Communication Mode
Bit
Definition
7
6
5
4
3
Request Extensibility Link
Request EPP Mode
Request ECP Mode with RLE
Request ECP Mode
Reserved
Request Device ID: Return Data Using
Nibble Mode Rev Channel Transfer
2
Byte Mode Rev Channel Transfer
ECP Mode Transfer without RLE
ECP Mode Transfer with RLE
1
Reserved
0
Byte Mode Reverse Channel Transfer
None Nibble Mode Reverse Channel Transfer
Illegal or Contradictory Request
Xflag
Bit Values
(76543210)
Hex. Code
10000000
01000000
00110000
00010000
00001000
80H
40H
30H
10H
08H
00000100
00000101
00010100
00110100
00000010
00000001
00000000
Other than
above
04H
05H
14H
34H
02H
01H
00H
Other than
above
When
Supported
High
High
High
High
High
In the
Printer
Low
Low
Low
Low
Low
High
High
High
High
High
High
Low
High
High
Low
Low
Low
High
Low
—
Low
The printer only supports the Nibble and Byte modes. For a request for any other mode, Xflag is set to Low.
— 149 —
Data Communication from Printer to Host
Nibble Mode
In this mode, data is transferred between the printer and the host through the procedure described below.
The steps beginning from (1) are applicable when the Negotiation phase has switched to the Host Busy Data
Available phase. If the Negotiation phase has switched to the Host Busy Data Not Available phase, the
procedure starts at step (9).
(1)
After the negotiations for the entry into Nibble mode are completed, the host sets HostBusy (nAutoFd)
to Low to indicate that it is ready to receive data from the printer. (Event 7)
(2)
The printer places the low-order four bits on the reverse channel data line and sets PtrClk (nAck) to Low.
(Events 8 and 9)
(3)
The host sets HostBusy (nAutoFd) to High to indicate that it has latched data and received the signal in
Event 9. (Event 10)
(4)
The printer sets PtrClk (nAck) to High. This completes transfer of the first nibble. (Event 11)
(5)
Steps (1) to (3) are repeated to transfer the high-order four bits, before proceeding to steps (6) and on.
(6)
After the host has set HostBusy (nAutoFd) to High (Event 10) and received data, the printer must set the
four status lines as shown below. (Event 13)
• PtrBusy (Busy):
Returned to the status given in Forward mode.
• nDataAvail (nFault):
Set to Low if there is data to be sent.
• AckDataReq (PError): Set to Low if there is data to be sent.
• Xflag (Select):
Set to the current mode (i.e., set to Low).
(7)
The printer sets PtrClk (nAck) to High. (Event 11)
(8)
After Event 11, the host checks the signals set by the printer in Event 13. With this check the host
determines:
1. Whether there is more data to be sent from the printer to the host;
2. And whether data can be transferred from the host to the printer.
(9)
If there is no more data to be sent from the printer after the transfer of one byte (two nibbles), the host
chooses one of three status selections:
1. Performing Termination and returning to the Compatibility mode.
2. Remaining in the Host Busy Data Not Available phase.
3. Setting HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low (Event 7) and moving to the Reverse Idle phase.
(10) If there is more data to be received from the printer, the host chooses one of three status selections:
1. Setting HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low and indicating that the host is ready to receive.
2. Remaining in the Host Busy Data Available phase.
3. Performing Termination and returning to the Compatibility mode.
(11) If the host selected the Host Busy Data Available phase and set HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low, the printer
repeats the steps from (2) onwards.
(12) If the host selected the Reverse Idle phase and new data becomes available to be sent from the printer,
the printer sets PtrClk to Low to request the host for an interrupt. (Event 18)
(13) The printer sets PtrClk back to High. (Event 19)
(14) Upon receiving a request for interrupt from the printer, the host responds by setting HostBusy (nAutoFd)
to High. (Event 20)
(15) Finally, the printer responds to the host by setting AckDataReq (PError) to Low, and then the host moves
to the Host Busy Data Available phase. (Event 21)
— 150 —
Byte Mode
In this mode, data is transferred between the printer and the host through the procedure described below.
The steps beginning from (1) are applicable when the Negotiation phase has switched to the Host Busy Data
Available phase. If the Negotiation phase has switched to the Host Busy Data Not Available phase, the
procedure starts at step (9).
(1)
After the negotiations for the entry into the Byte mode are complete, the host indicates that it is ready to
receive data from the printer. This is indicated by switching the data bus to a high-impedance state and
setting HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low. (Events 14 and 7)
(2)
The printer places communication data on the data bus. (Event 15)
(3)
The printer sets PtrClk (nAck) to Low. (Event 9)
(4)
The host sets HostBusy (nAutoFd) to High to indicate that it has latched data and received the signal in
Event 9. (Event 10)
(5)
The printer must set the four status lines as shown below. (Event 13)
• PtrBusy (Busy):
Returned to the status given in the Forward mode.
• nDataAvail (nFault):
Set to Low if there is data to be sent.
• AckDataReq (PError): Set to Low if there is data to be sent.
• Xflag (Select):
Set to the status given during the last negotiation (i.e., set to Low).
(6)
The printer sets PtrClk (nAck) to High (Event 10) and ends the Byte handshake. (Event 11)
(7)
The host indicates that it has succeeded in receiving the data. This is indicated by setting HostClk
(nStrobe) to Low (Event 16) and then to High. (Event 17)
(8)
Events 10 and 16 may occur simultaneously, and Events 7 and 17 may occur simultaneously. (Such as
when HostBusy and HostClk are used together.)
(9)
After transferring one byte of data, the printer signals to the host whether it has more data to transfer.
When there is no more data to be received by the host from the printer, the host chooses one of three
status selections:
1. Performing Termination and returning to the Compatibility mode.
2. Remaining in the Host Busy Data Not Available phase.
3. Setting HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low and moving to the Reverse Idle phase. (Event 7)
(10) When more data is to be received from the printer, the host chooses one of three status selections:
1. Setting HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low and indicating that the host is ready to receive.
2. Remaining in the Host Busy Data Available phase.
3. Performing Termination and returning to the Compatibility mode.
— 151 —
Device ID
The device ID is a character string that provides the ID, the type, and other information regarding the printer
connected to the interface. When the printer receives a request for a device ID from the host, it replies with
the following device ID:
<00>H<2E>H
MFG : CBM;
CMD : ESC/POS;
MDL : CT-S300;
CLS : PRINTER;
The first two bytes of the device ID indicate the length of the entire device ID. For a description of a request
for a device ID, refer to the “Negotiation” section.
When the host receives the device ID string of the length indicated by the first two bytes, it must do so
consecutively, without terminating the process until the entire device ID is received. If the process is terminated
halfway, the printer discards the rest of the string; when the printer receives a new request for the device ID,
it sends the device ID beginning from the first character of the ID. After receiving the ID of the length indicated
by the first two bytes, the host must carry out the termination even if the printer has data to send (Data
Available). If the host does not carry out Termination and tries to receive data, the printer sends the printer
status.
Termination
Termination is the process of returning to Compatibility mode from the Nibble or Byte modes. When
performing Termination, the host sets the signals as follows:
• IEEE 1284 Active (nSelectln): Low
• HostBusy (nAutoFd): High (Event 22)
There are two methods of Termination:
(1)
(2)
Termination through a handshake between the host and the printer
Immediate termination
(1)
Termination through a handshake between the host and the printer:
When switching from Reverse mode to Compatibility mode, this termination method can be used if the
interface is activated (IEEE 1284 Active: High) and Event 22 has taken place.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
The printer responds to IEEE 1284 Active by setting PtrBusy (Busy) and nDataAvail (nFault) to High.
(Event 23)
The printer then inverts Xflag (Select) and sets PtrClk (nAck) to Low. (Event 24)
The host sets HostBusy (nAutoFd) to Low. (Event 25)
The printer returns nDataAvail (nFault), Xflag (Select), and AckDataReq (PError) to the status given
in the Compatibility mode, and sets PtrClk (nAck) to High. (Events 26 and 27)
The host sets HostBusy (nAutoFd) to High to terminate the handshake and return the interface to
the Compatibility Mode Idle phase. (Event 28)
The printer changes PtrBusy (Busy) to be able to receive data from the host.
— 152 —
(2)
Immediate termination:
1)
If the interface is deactivated (IEEE 1284 Active: Low) without Event 22 having taken place, the
printer immediately performs Termination. In this termination, the data is not guaranteed, and the
printer switches the data bus from output to input within 1 µsec.
In the Reverse Idle phase, the printer can notify the host that it has data to transfer to the host. The
notification may occur simultaneously with termination in order for the host to move from the Idle
phase to the Compatibility mode.
If the printer has data to send, it initiates the Interrupt phase indicated by Events 8 and 9. In this
case, if 1284 - Active (nSelectIn) was set to Low before HostBusy (nAutoFd) changed from High to
Low, the printer interprets that the host has switched to the Termination phase, and then completes
the normal termination through handshaking.
4.3 Identification of Send Status
Because the status sent from the printer has certain fixed bits, it is possible to identify to which command the
status belongs.
When using ASB (Automatic Status Back), however, the first byte of ASB should be checked, and then the
three consecutive bytes except for XOFF should be treated as ASB data.
Identification of Send Status
Command and Function
GS I
GS r
XON
XOFF
DLE EOT
ASB (1st byte)
ASB (2nd - 4th bytes)
— 153 —
Status
<0**0****>B
<0**0****>B
<00010001>B
<00010011>B
<0**1**10>B
<0**1**00>B
<0**0****>B
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