Installation manual | Clarion APX200 Stereo Amplifier User Manual

OPERATIONAL
INSTALLATION
MANUAL
APX200.2M Power System Amplifier
INTRODUCTION
The Clarion APX200.2M is a full-featured two-channel amplifier incorporating
the following features:
• Full frequency response with low distortion and exceptional signal to noise
performance
• Advanced circuit design that features bridgeable and mixed mode operation
for use in various systems, including those with satellite speakers and/or
subwoofers
• Variable high-pass/low-pass electronic crossover with a 12dB per octave
slope and full adjustable range (from 55Hz to 5.5kHz) to aid in audio system
design
• Variable bass boost circuit to reinforce low frequency signals that may be
lost due to subwoofer box design
• Adjustable input level controls with ground loop isolation accepting a wide
range of input signals
• Remote turn-on with "soft start" muting to prevent turn-on "thump"
• Pulse-Width Modulated (PWM) MOSFET power supply with low AM RFI
and protection circuits for overheating and speaker shorts
• 2-ohm load capability to drive a variety of speaker systems
• Gold-plated input/output connectors and an external automotive type fuse
• Aluminum heat sink for efficient heat dissipation
• Low profile, compact size for space limited installations
ABOUT THE MANUAL AND WARRANTY
To start enjoying your new Clarion two-channel amplifier, please read the
instructions listed in this manual. Keep all instructions for future reference.
Please fill out and send in the enclosed warranty card to protect your purchase
and aid in warranty service. Also, save your original sales receipt as proof of
purchase.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input Connections and Audio Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connections for Power and Speakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mounting Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Crossover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Bass Boost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final System Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product Specs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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OWNER’S MANUAL
DESCRIPTION
The Clarion APX200.2M two-channel amplifier provides 2x70 watts of power
into a 4 ohm load and 2x110 watts of power into a 2 ohm load. This full
featured model is an excellent choice for a variety of marine audio sound
system configurations.
The APX200.2M uses an unregulated MOSFET power supply for superior
control of output wattage. A toroid-coil transformer yields maximum power
transfer with minimum heat loss. Careful attention to circuit design keeps AM
RFI at low levels, so you won't hear unwanted noise when the level is cranked
up. Protection circuits safeguard the amplifier when overheating and speaker
shorts or improper load conditions occur.
All connections and controls of the APX200.2M are on the end panels and are
easy to understand. We use gold-plated RCA and barrier connectors to ensure
the best electrical connection for your system. Included is an external
automotive type fuse that is easy to replace.
INPUT CONNECTIONS AND AUDIO CONTROLS
The front panel of the APX200.2M contains connections for RCA Inputs,
Speaker Level Inputs and Audio Controls as shown below.
The RCA Input Connections are gold-plated RCA Jacks and are labeled as
RIGHT and LEFT.
Figure 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
RCA Input Jacks
Gain Control
Bass Boost Control
Freq (Hz) Selection Control
5. Crossover Frequency Multiplier Switch
6. X-Over Mode Switch
7. Input Select Switch
8. Speaker Level Inputs
1
APX200.2M Power System Amplifier
• Gain Control - This allows you to set the nominal operating level of the
amplifier. The amplifier's range, 250mV to 2.5V for RCA inputs or 500mV to
5V for speaker level inputs, can accommodate input levels from virtually any
brand of source unit.
• Bass Boost Control- The amplifier also features a "high-Q" (i.e. narrow
frequency band) Bass Boost circuit. It acts much like an equalizer, with
adjustable gain (from 0 to +18dB) fixed at 45Hz. Use this feature to tune low-frequency audio response to compensate for a less than ideal subwoofer
enclosure design. The added boost produces rich, full bass tones that are
normally difficult to reproduce in the car audio environment. NOTE: If Bass
Boost is undesirable, set Bass Boost to 0dB.
High-pass/Low-pass Filter Controls
• Frequency (Hz) Selection Control - The crossover frequency is fully
adjustable between 55Hz and 5500Hz (via the Crossover Frequency Multiplier)
for a wide range of crossover points. Use this feature, along with your speaker
manufacturer's recommended crossover frequencies, to quickly design a more
advanced system (see Applications on page 5.) NOTE: If the X-Over Mode
Switch is set to OFF, varying the Freq (Hz) Control will produce no effect.
• Crossover Frequency Multiplier Switch - When engaged, this switch
increases the crossover frequency by a factor of 10. Example: If the Freq (Hz)
dial is set for 240 Hz, pushing in the Multiplier Switch changes the setting to
2400 Hz.
• X-Over Mode Switch - This switch is equipped with a 12dB per octave
electronic filter for precise frequency attenuation with minimal phase
distortion. The steep crossover slope keeps midrange tones out of the
subwoofer and thereby eliminates an unnatural "nasal" tone quality in the audio
system. A filter is activated by sliding the X-Over Mode Switch to either LP or
HP.
• Input Mode Switch - This switch allows you to set the input mode. Stereo
input allows full left and right stereo operation. Right (bridged) input allows
single channel input for bridged operation. This is especially useful in high-powered
systems when using one amplifier for each subwoofer/speaker. L + R
(sum mono) allows a stereo input to be summed into a mono output.
• Speaker Level Inputs - These provide connections for a high-level stereo
source. In addition, these connections are provided for installations where the
source unit's RCA outputs are unavailable.
WARNING: When using the speaker (high-level) inputs, the Black wire must
be grounded at the Radio. Failure to do this will result in noise and improper
operation.
2
OWNER’S MANUAL
CONNECTIONS FOR POWER AND SPEAKERS
The rear panel of the APX200.2M contains power and speaker connections as
shown below.
Figure 2
1. Left Speaker Output
2. Right Speaker Output
3. Remote Turn-on Input
4. Ground Input
5. Battery + 12V Input
6. 25 Amp Fuse
3
APX200.2M Power System Amplifier
APPLICATIONS
The Clarion APX200.2M 2-channel marine audio amplifier can be used in a
variety of system applications. Here are some examples to help plan your own
installation.
Bridged - Mono Subwoofer System
Subwoofer 4 Ohms
Set X-Over Mode to LP and adjust
FREQ to speaker specifications.
Figure 3 - In this application the amplifier is bridged for mono operation to
drive a subwoofer.
4
OWNER’S MANUAL
2-Channel Full-Range, Satellite, or Subwoofer Stereo System
(Set INPUT SELECT Switch to STEREO)
Set X-Over Mode as
shown.
Set X-Over Mode as shown;
adjust FREQ to speaker
specifications.
Set X-Over Mode as shown;
adjust FREQ to speaker
specifications.
Figure 4 - In this application, the amplifier is used in stereo and drives two
full-range (or satellite or subwoofer) speakers. NOTE: A passive crossover
must be used with satellite speakers.
5
APX200.2M Power System Amplifier
Mixed-Mode Satellite and Subwoofer System
(Set INPUT SELECT Switch to STEREO)
Subwoofer 4 Ohms
FREQ (Hz)
80
100
125
150
200
L (mH)
8.0
6.4
5.1
4.2
3.2
C (µF)
497
398
318
265
199
NOTE: Chart values based on 4 Ohm speakers.
Figure 5 - The amplifier can be configured for a mixed-mode operation. The
table provides component values to create a 6dB per octave crossover at
specified frequencies. Use components that have a + 5% tolerance and
capacitors rated at 100V. NOTE: Choose the same frequency for both LP and
HP crossovers. Do not overlap frequencies, as this may damage the amplifier.
6
OWNER’S MANUAL
INSTALLATION
This section lists Mounting and Wiring Precautions for installing a Clarion
APX200.2M marine amplifier. Combined with the experience of a professional
installer, these safeguards provide enough detail to successfully complete an
installation. If you do not have the necessary skills, do not install the amplifier
yourself. Instead, see your authorized Clarion dealer for installation
recommendations.
MOUNTING PRECAUTIONS
Although the Clarion APX200.2M incorporates heat sinks and protection
circuits, mounting the amplifier in a tight space without any air movement can
still damage internal circuitry over time. Choose a site that provides adequate
ventilation and is isolated from the marine environment. For easy system set-up,
mount the amplifier so the front panel controls will be accessible after
installation.
In addition, observe the following precautions:
1. For the most efficient cooling, mount the amplifier so cool air runs along the
length of the fins rather than across them. Remember, any moving air will
dissipate heat.
2. Mount the amplifier on a rigid surface. Avoid mounting to subwoofer
enclosures or areas prone to vibration.
3. Prior to drilling, make sure proposed mounting holes will not cut into the
fuel tank, fuel lines, or electrical wiring.
WIRING PRECAUTIONS
Read all wiring precautions. If you are not sure of the connections, contact
your authorized Clarion dealer.
1. Before installation, make sure the source unit Power switch is in the OFF
position.
2. Disconnect the negative (-) lead of the battery before making any power
connections.
3. When making connections, be sure that each connection is clean and secure.
Insulate final connections with electrical tape or shrink tubing. Failure to do so
may damage your equipment.
4. A secure clean ground connection is critical to the performance of your
Clarion amplifier. Use the shortest ground wire possible and securely connect
to the vessel battery to minimize resistance and avoid noise problems.
7
APX200.2M Power System Amplifier
5. Add an external fuse on the amplifier's positive (+) power lead and connect
it as close as possible to the vessel's (+) battery terminal. Use a rating that
equals the total current consumption at full output of all amplifiers in the
system. Adding an external fuse will protect the electrical system from short
circuits that can cause a fire.
6. Refer to Figure 6 when making electrical connections. Connect the
amplifier's positive (+) lead via a fuse directly to the positive (+) terminal on
the battery. Do not connect this wire to the vessel's fuse panel. Use red-insulated
10-gauge (or larger) wire for the amplifier's positive (+) power lead
and the same-gauge black-insulated wire for the ground.
7. When replacing the amplifier 's fuse, always use one having the same current
rating. Substituting a higher-rated fuse or a slow-blow type can result in
serious damage to the amplifier.
8. Make sure that your vessel's electrical system (alternator, battery, etc.) is
capable of handling the additional load. If you are planning a multi-amplifier
system, you may need to add a second battery and possibly upgrade the
alternator with a higher-output rated model. Consult your authorized Clarion
dealer for recommendations.
9. To avoid noise problems, run the amplifier's positive (+) power lead along
one side of the vessel to the battery. Run the remote turn-on wire and RCA
audio cables down the center, and route the speaker wires along the remaining
side. If wires must cross, run them perpendicular to each other.
10. When creating passage holes for the power wire, use grommets to eliminate
any sharp edges created during drilling. This will protect the wire from being
nicked and causing a short circuit.
11. Extra cable can cause signal loss and act as an "antenna" for noise. Use
only high-quality RCA cables that are no longer than necessary to make a
direct connection with the source unit or equalizer.
8
OWNER’S MANUAL
Figure 6 - Electrical connections for the APX200.2M
9
APX200.2M Power System Amplifier
SETTING THE GAIN
After completing the installation, follow these steps to set the Gain Control and
then perform the Final System Checks.
1. Turn the Gain Control all the way counter-clockwise.
2. Turn the vessel's Ignition Switch to the ON position. Then turn the ON/OFF
Switch on the source units to the ON position. Set all Tone or Equalization
Controls to "flat" positions and turn Loudness off.
3. Play a CD or Tape and set the Volume Control at 75% of full level.
NOTE: If the system uses an equalizer, set its frequency controls to "flat"
positions.
4. Slowly increase the Gain Control. Stop when you hear a slight distortion of
audio.
SETTING THE CROSSOVER
The Clarion APX200.2M features a fully adjustable crossover. To set the
crossover, follow these steps.
1. Using the X-Over Mode Switch, select the desired mode - LP for Low Pass,
HP for High Pass and OFF for Full Range.
2. Using the Freq (Hz) Control, select the desired frequency. If the desired
frequency exceeds the range of the Freq (Hz) Control, press the Crossover
Frequency Multiplier Switch to increase the value by a multiplier of 10.
• For example, 55Hz x 10 = 550Hz or 550Hz x 10 = 5.5kHz.
SETTING THE BASS BOOST
1. Initially set the Bass Boost control to its full left position (i.e. 0dB).
2. Listen to a variety of music styles (e.g. Rock, Rap, etc.) and slowly increase
the Bass Boost control until a noticeable increase in low bass response is
perceived.
3. Slowly adjust the Bass Boost control (up or down) to realize the best bass
response.
CAUTION: If you hear a "pop" (due to speaker over-excursion), lower the
Bass Boost to prevent speaker damage. If the system sounds muddy and
distorted (due to amplifier clipping), lower Bass Boost to avoid shutdown from
overheating.
10
OWNER’S MANUAL
FINAL SYSTEM CHECKS
1. Start the engine and turn on the source unit. After a two-second delay,
slowly increase the Volume Control and listen to the audio. If you hear any
noise, static, distortion or no sound at all, check the connections, and also refer
to Troubleshooting. Depending on your system design, the levels may become
quite loud even at low Volume Control settings. Until you get an "audio feel"
of the system's power, use care when adjusting controls.
2. Turn the Balance Controls to their extreme positions and listen to the results.
Audio imaging should match control settings (audio from the left speaker when
balance is left).
3. Increase the volume and verify that the amplifier reproduces audio (at full
frequencies) without distortion. If you hear distortion, check the connections
and verify that the Gain Control is set correctly. Another possibility is
damaged speakers or under-powered speakers. Once again refer to
Troubleshooting for additional help.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
No Audio.
Solution
Low or no remote turn-on voltage. Check remote connections at amplifier and
source unit.
Blown amplifier fuse. Replace with new fast-blow fuse (same rating).
Power wires not connected. Check battery and ground wiring at amplifier;
also check battery connections.
Speaker leads shorted. Check speaker continuity to ground, it should not show
a common ground.
Speakers not connected or are blown. Check speaker connections at amplifier,
measure coil impedance.
Problem
Audio cycles on and off.
Solution
Thermal protection circuits are shutting amplifier off. Check location for
adequate ventilation; consult an authorized Clarion Audio Dealer.
11
APX200.2M Power System Amplifier
Problem
Distorted audio.
Solution
Gain is not set properly, or damaged speaker cones. Review Setting Gain;
inspect each speaker cone for signs of damage (i.e. frozen cone, burning smell,
etc.)
Problem
Audio lacks punch.
Solution
Speakers wired incorrectly, which causes cancellation of bass frequencies.
Check polarity of wires from amplifier to each speaker as defined by the
system design.
Problem
Amplifier fuse keeps blowing.
Solution
Incorrect wiring or short circuit. Review Installation and check all wiring
connections.
Problem
Whining or ticking noise in the audio with engine on.
Solution
Amplifier is picking up alternator noise or radiated noise. Turn down input
gain; move audio cables away from power wires. Check power and ground
connections on amplifier; install an in-line noise filter on source unit's power
wire; check alternator and/or voltage regulator; test for weak battery or add
water to battery.
PRODUCT SPECS
Frequency Response
Signal Noise Ratio
THD
Input Sensitivity Low Level
Input Sensitivity Speaker Level
Max. Power Output
Cont. Power Output
2-Ohm Stereo Output
Bridged Power
Dimensions
Current Consumption at output
@ max power
12
APX200.2M
20Hz ~ 20kHz
>100db
.05% all channels driven
250mV ~ 2.5 V
500mV ~ 5V
220W (110Wx 2)
100W (50w x 2) @ .08% THD
110 x 2 @ .05% THD
220 x 1 @ .05% THD
2-1/8"H x 8-1/4"W x 9" L
28A @ 382 Watts
OWNER’S MANUAL
NOTES
13
661 W. Redondo Beach Blvd.
Gardena, CA 90247
1-800-GO-CLARION
www.clarion-usa.com
APX200.2M-10 Rev.1 (03/01)
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