Owner`s manual | Clarion APX401.4 Stereo Amplifier User Manual

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4-CHANNEL POWER AMPLIFIER
O P E R A T IO N
IN S T A L L A T IO N
MANUAL
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4 Channel Power System Amplifier
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input Connections and Audio Controls . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connections for Power and Speakers . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mounting Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wiring Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Crossover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Bass Boost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final System Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product Specs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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INTRODUCTION
The Clarion APX401.4 is a full-featured four-channel amplifier incorporating
the following features:
• Full frequency response with low distortion and exceptional signal to noise
performance.
• Advanced circuitry design features bridgeable and mixed mode operations
for use in a variety of 4, 3 or 2 channel audio systems.
• Independent front and rear, low-pass or high-pass electronic crossovers each
with a 12dB per octave slope and full adjustment range (from 55Hz to 550Hz
Front and 55Hz to 5.5kHz Rear) to aid in any audio system configuration.
• Variable bass boost circuit to reinforce low frequency signals that maybe
lost due to subwoofer box design.
• Adjustable input level controls with ground loop isolation, which allows a wide
range of input signals.
• Remote turn-on with “soft start” muting to prevent turn-on “thump”.
• Pulse-width modulated (PWM) MOSFET power supply with low AM RFI
and protection circuits for overheating and speaker shorts.
• 2 ohm load capacity to drive a variety of speaker systems.
• Gold-plated input/output connectors and an external automotive type fuse
• Aluminum heat sink for efficient heat dissipation.
• Low profile, compact size for space limited installations.
ABOUT THE MANUAL AND WARRANTY
To start enjoying your new Clarion four-channel amplifier, please read the
instructions stated in this manual. Keep all instructions for future reference.
Also, save your original sales receipt as proof of purchase.
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Owner’s
Owner’sManual
Manual
DESCRIPTION
The Clarion APX401.4 4-channel car audio amplifier is an excellent choice for
creating a variety of multi-channel sound systems. The amplifier features flexibility of 2, 3 or 4 channel system by a flip of a switch. You can also configure
the front or rear amplifier sections for a mixed mode operation to drive a set of
satellite speakers and/or subwoofer.
The built-in 12 dB per octave electronic crossover lets you custom tailor the
sound of the front and rear channels, using two independent filters with
adjustable crossover frequencies for high-pass or low-pass filtering.
The amplifier also uses an unregulated MOSFET power supply for superior
control of output wattage. A toroid-coil transformer yields maximum power
transfer with minimal heat loss. Extensive circuit design keeps AM RFI at low
levels, so you won’t hear unwanted noise when the level is cranked up.
Protection circuits safeguard the amplifier when overheating, speaker shorts,
or improper load conditions occur.
All connections and controls are on the end panels and are easy to understand. Gold-plated RCA and barrier connectors are used to ensure the best
electrical connection for your system. Integrated into the endpanel is an
external automotive fuse that is easy to replace.
INPUT CONNECTIONS AND AUDIO CONTROL
The front panel of the APX401.4 contains connections for RCA Inputs and
Audio Control as shown below.
Figure 1-
1. Front RCA Input Jacks
2. Rear RCA Input Jacks
3. Front Gain Control
4. Rear Gain Control
5. Bass Boost Control
6. Rear Channel Input Selector
7. Front Mode Switch
8. Rear Mode Switch
9. Speaker Level Inputs
10. Front Frequency Control
11. Front X-Over Mode Switch
12. Rear Frequency Control
13. Rear Multiplier Switch
14. Rear X-Over Mode Switch
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4 Channel Power System Amplifier
The Input Connections are gold-plated RCA Jacks and are labeled as FRONT
RIGHT, FRONT LEFT, REAR RIGHT and REAR LEFT. The Gain Controls
provide a wide adjustment range to accommodate output levels from any
brand of source unit.
• Gain Controls - Seperate Front and Rear Gain Controls allow you to set the
nominal operating level of the amplifier. The amplifier’s range, 250mV to 2.5V
for RCA inputs or 500mV to 5V for speaker level inputs, can accommodate
input levels from virtually any brand of source unit.
• Bass Boost Control - The amplifier also features a “high-Q” (i.e. narrow
frequency band) Bass Boost circuit. It acts much like an equalizer, with
adjustable gain (from 0 to +18dB) fixed at 45Hz. Use this feature to tune lowfrequency audio response to compensate for a less than ideal subwoofer
enclosure design. The added boost produces rich, full bass tones that are
normally difficult to reproduce in the car audio environment. NOTE: If Bass
Boost is undesired, set Bass Boost to 0dB.
High-pass/Low-pass Filter Controls
• Freq (Hz) Controls - The front crossover frequency is fully adjustable
between 55Hz and 550Hz. The rear crossover frequency is fully adjustable
between 55Hz and 5500Hz (via the Rear Crossover Frequency Multiplier) for
a wider range of crossover points. Use this feature, along with your speaker
manufacturer’s recommended crossover frequencies, to quickly design a
more advanced system. NOTE: If either of the X-Over Mode Switches is set
to OFF, varying the Freq (Hz) Control will produce no effect.
• Rear X-Over Frequency Multiplier Switch - When engaged, this switch
increases the crossover frequency of the rear channels by a factor of 10.
Example: If the Freq (Hz) dial is set for 240Hz, pushing in the multiplier
Switch changes the setting to 2400Hz.
• X-Over Mode Switches - These switches are equipped with 12dB per
octave electronic filters for precise frequency attenuation with minimal phase
distortion. Each filter is activated by sliding the X-Over Mode Switch to either
LP or HP.
• Output Mode Switches - These switches allow you to set the output mode
for front and rear channels. Stereo output allows full left and right stereo operation. Bridged Mode uses a single input (Right In) to produce a bridged output
that is useful in high powered systems. L + R (sum mono) allows a stereo
input to be summed into a mono output.
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Owner’s Manual
• Rear Channel Input Select - This switch allows the flexibility of using either
2 or 4 inputs to operate the amplifier.
• Speaker Level Inputs - These provide connections for a high-level stereo
source. These connections are provided for installations when the source unit
does not have RCA outputs.
WARNING: When using the speaker (high-level) inputs, the Black wire must
be grounded at the radio. Failure to do this will result in noise and/or improper
operation.
CONNECTIONS FOR POWER AND SPEAKERS
The rear panel of the APX401.4 contains power and speaker connections as
shown below.
Figure 2-
1.
2.
3.
4.
Left Front Speaker Output
Right Front Speaker Output
Remote Turn-on Input
Ground Input
5.
6.
7.
8.
Battery + 12v Input
40 Amp Fuse
Left Rear Speaker Output
Right Rear Speaker Output
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4 Channel Power System Amplifier
APPLICATIONS
The Clarion APX401.4 4-channel car audio amplifier can be used in a variety
of system applications. Here are some examples to help plan your own
installation.
4-Channel Full-Range Stereo System
Figure 3 - In this application, the APX401.4 is used as a 4-channel amplifier
to drive four full-range speakers in stereo.
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Owner’s Manual
4-Channel Stereo System
2-Channel High-Pass, 2-Channel Low-Pass
Figure 4 - In this 4-channel system, the APX401.4 drives a pair of stereo
satellites for the front and a pair of subwoofers for the rear.
Note the filter settings.
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4 Channel Power System Amplifier
2-Channel Stereo System with Low-Pass
Bridged Mono Channel
Figure 5 - The APX401.4 can also be used to drive a pair of stereo satellites
for the front and a single mono subwoofer for the rear. Note the filter settings.
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2-Channel High Power System
(Satellite or Subwoofer)
Figure 6 - The APX401.4 can be set up as a 2-channel high-power amplifier
to drive a pair of satellites (or subwoofers).
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4 Channel Power System Amplifier
Mixed-Mode System On Rear; Full-Range
Speakers On Front
FREQ (hz)
80
100
125
150
200
L(mH)
8.0
6.4
5.1
4.2
3.2
C(uF)
497
398
NOTE: Chart values based on 4 ohm speakers.
Figure 7 - The amplifier can be configured for a mixed-mode operation on
either channels 1/2 or 3/4 amplifier sections. The table provides component
values to create a 6dB per octave crossover at specified frequencies. Use
components that have a + 5% tolerance and capacitors rated at 100V.
NOTE: Choose the same frequency for both LP and HP crossovers. Do not
overlap frequencies, as this may damage the amplifier.
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Owner’s Manual
INSTALLATION
This section lists Mounting and Wiring Precautions prior to installing the
Clarion APX401.4. These safeguards provide enough detail to complete an
installation successfully. If you do not have the necessary skills, do not
attempt to install the amplifier yourself. Instead, see your authorized Clarion
dealer for installation recommendations.
MOUNTING PRECAUTIONS
Although the Clarion APX401.4 incorporates heat sinks and protection
circuits, mounting the amplifier in a tight space without any air movement can
still damage internal circuitry over time. Choose a site that provides adequate
ventilation around the amplifier. For easy system set-up, mount the amplifier
so the front panel controls can be accessible after installation.
In addition, observe the following precautions:
1. For the most efficient cooling, mount the amplifier so cool air runs along the
length of the fins rather than across them. Remember, any moving air will
dissipate heat.
2. Mount the amplifier on a rigid surface. Avoid mounting to subwoofer enclosures or areas prone to vibration. Do not install the amplifier on plastic or
other combustible materials.
3. Prior to drilling, make sure proposed mounting holes will not cut into the
fuel tank, fuel lines, brake lines (under chassis), or electrical wiring.
WIRING PRECAUTIONS
Read all wiring precautions. If you are not sure of the connections, contact
your authorized Clarion dealer.
1. Before installation, make sure the source unit Power switch is in the OFF
position.
2. Disconnect the negative (-) lead of the battery before making any power
connections.
3. When making connections, be sure that each connection is clean and
secure. Insulate final connections with electrical tape or shrink tubing. Failure
to do so may damage your equipment.
4. A secure, clean ground connection is critical to the performance of your
Clarion amplifier. Use the shortest ground wire possible and securely connect
to the car chassis to minimize resistance and avoid noise problems. Be sure
to clean off any paint, prior to making this connection.
5. Add an external fuse on the amplifier’s positive (+) power lead and connect
it as close as possible to the vehicle’s (+) battery terminal. Use a fuse rated to
the total current consumption of the amplifier(s). Adding an external fuse will
protect the electrical system from short circuits that can cause a fire.
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4 Channel Power System Amplifier
6. Refer to the Figure 8 when making electrical connections. Connect the
amplifier’s positive (+) lead via a fuse directly to the positive (+) terminal on
the battery. Do not connect this wire to the car’s fuse panel. Use red-insulated 10-gauge (or larger) wire for the amplifier’s positive (+) power lead and the
same-gauge black insulated wire for the ground.
7. When replacing the amplifier’s fuse, always use one having the same current rating. Substituting a higher-rated fuse or a slow-blow type can result in
serious damage to the amplifier.
8. Never ground the speakers to the vehicle chassis or body.
9. Make sure that your vehicle’s electrical system (alternator, battery, etc.) is
capable of handling the additional load. If you are planning a multi-amplifier
system, you may need to add a second battery and possibly upgrade the
alternator with a higher-output rated model. Consult your authorized Clarion
dealer for recommendations.
10. To avoid noise problems, run the amplifier’s positive (+) power lead along
one side of the vehicle from the battery. Run the remote turn-on wire and
RCA audio cables down the center, and route the speaker wires along the
remaining side. If wires must cross, run them perpendicular to each other.
11. When creating passage holes for the power wire, use grommets to eliminate any sharp edges created during drilling. This will protect the wire from
being nicked and causing a short circuit.
12. Excess cable can cause signal loss and act as an “antenna” for noise.
Use only high-quality RCA cables that are no longer than necessary to make
a direct connection with the source unit or equalizer.
Figure 8 - Electrical connections for the APX401.4
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SETTING THE GAIN
After completing the installation, follow these steps to set the Gain Control
and then perform the Final System Checks.
1. Turn the Gain Control all the way counter-clockwise.
2. Turn the vehicle’s Ignition Switch to the ON position. Then turn the
ON/OFF Switch on the source units to the ON position. Set all Tone or
Equalization Controls to “flat” positions and turn Loudness off.
3. Play a CD or Tape and set the Volume Control at 75% of full level.
NOTE: If the system uses an equalizer, set its frequency controls to “flat”
positions.
4. Slowly increase the Gain Control. Stop when you hear a slight distortion of
audio.
SETTING THE CROSSOVER
The Clarion APX401.4 features fully adjustable front and rear crossovers. To
set the crossovers, follow these steps.
1. Using the X-Over Mode Switch, select the desired mode: LP for Low Pass,
HP for High Pass or OFF for Full Range.
2. Using the Freq (Hz) Selection Control, select the desired frequency. If the
desired frequency exceeds the range of the Freq (Hz) Selection Control,
press the Crossover Frequency Multiplier Switch to increase the value by a
multiplier of 10.
• For example, 55Hz x 10 = 550Hz or 550Hz x 10 = 5.5kHz.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 for both the front and rear crossovers.
SETTING THE BASS BOOST
1. Initially set the Bass Boost control to its full left position (i.e. 0dB).
2. Listen to a variety of music styles (e.g. Rock, Rap, etc.) and slowly
increase the Bass Boost control until a noticeable increase in low bass
response is perceived.
3. Slowly adjust the Bass Boost control (up or down) to realize the best bass
response.
CAUTION: If you hear a “pop” (due to speaker over-excursion), lower the
Bass Boost to prevent speaker damage. If the system sounds muddy and
distorted (due to amplifier clipping), lower Bass Boost to avoid shutdown from
overheating.
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4 Channel Power System Amplifier
FINAL SYSTEM CHECKS
1. Start the engine and turn on the source unit. After a two-second delay,
slowly increase the Volume Control and listen to the audio. If you hear any
noise, static, distortion or no sound at all, check the connections, and also
refer to Troubleshooting. Depending on your system design, the levels may
become quite loud even at low Volume Control settings. Until you get an
“audio feel” of the system’s power, use care when adjusting controls.
2. Turn the Balance Controls to their extreme positions and listen to the
results. Audio output should match control settings (audio from the left
speaker when balance is left).
3. Increase the volume and verify that the amplifier reproduces audio (at full
frequencies) without distortion. If you hear distortion, check the connections
and verify that the Gain Control is set correctly. Another possibility is
damaged speakers or under-powered speakers. Once again refer to
Troubleshooting for additional help.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
No Audio.
Solution
Low or no remote turn-on voltage. Check remote connections at amplifier and
source unit.
Blown amplifier fuse. Replace with new fast-blow fuse (same rating).
Power wires not connected. Check battery and ground wiring at amplifier; also
check battery connections.
Speaker leads shorted. Check speaker continuity to ground, it should not show a
common ground.
Speakers not connected or are blown. Check speaker connections at amplifier,
measure coil impedance.
Problem
Audio cycles on and off.
Solution
Thermal protection circuits are shutting amplifier off. Check location for adequate
ventilation; consult an authorized Clarion Audio Dealer.
Problem
Distorted audio.
Solution
Gain is not set properly, or damaged speaker cones. Review Setting Gain; inspect
each speaker cone for signs of damage (i.e. frozen cone, burning smell, etc.)
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Owner’s Manual
Problem
Amplifier fuse keeps blowing.
Solution
Incorrect wiring or short circuit. Review Installation and check all wiring connections.
Problem
Whining or ticking noise in the audio with engine on.
Solution
Amplifier is picking up alternator noise or radiated noise. Turn down input gain;
move audio cables away from power wires. Check power and ground connections
on amplifier; install an in-line noise filter on source unit’s power wire; check
alternator and/or voltage regulator; test for weak battery or add water to battery.
PRODUCT SPECS
Frequency Response
Signal Noise Ratio
THD
Input Sensitivity Low Level
Input Sensitivity Speaker Level
Max. Power Output
Cont. Power Output
2-Ohm Stereo Output
Bridged Power
Dimensions
Current Consumption @ Max
Power Output
20Hz ~ 20kHz
>95db
.05% all channels driven
250mV ~ 2.5V
500mV ~ 5V
380w (190 x 2)
200w (50w x4) @.08% THD
90 x 4 @ .8% THD
190 x 2 @ .8% THD
2 1/8” H x 8 1/4” W x 12” L
46A @ 380 Watts
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WARRANTY INFORMATION
This product is warranted against all defects in material workmanship for a period of one year from the date of
original purchase. Clarion ProAudio products except for speakers are covered by a two year warranty when
installed by an authorized Clarion dealer. The conditions of this warranty and the extent of responsibility of
Clarion Corporation under this warranty are as follows:
1. PROOF OF DATE OF PURCHASE WILL BE REQUIRED FOR WARRANTY SERVICE OF THIS PRODUCT.
IN CASE OF 2 YEAR WARRANTY FOR CLARION PROAUDIO PRODUCT, PROOF OF INSTALLATION BY
AUTHORIZED DEALER IS REQUIRED. INFORMATION ABOUT CLARION AUTHORIZED WARRANTY
SERVICE CENTERS MAY BE OBTAINED BY CONTACTING OR WRITING CLARION CORPORATION AT
THE ADDRESS LISTED BELOW.
2.This warranty will become void if service performed by anyone other than an approved Clarion Warranty
Service Center results in damage to product.
3. This warranty does not apply to any product which has been subject to misuse, neglect or accident, or which
has had the serial number altered, defaced or removed, or which has been connected, installed, adjusted or
repaired, other than in accordance with the instructions furnished by Clarion Corporation.
4. This warranty does not cover car static or other electrical interferences, tape head cleaning or adjustments, or
labor costs for the removal or reinstallation of the unit for repair.
5. The sole responsibility of Clarion Corporation under this Warranty shall be limited to the repair or replacement
thereof, at the sole discretion of Clarion Corporation.
6.If it becomes necessary to send the product or any defective part to Clarion Corporation or an authorized
warranty service station, the product must be shipped in its original carton or equivalent carton, fully insured,
with shipping charges prepaid. Clarion Corporation will not assume any responsibility for any loss or damage
incurred in shipping.
7. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT PROHIBITED BY APPLICABLE LAW SHALL HAVE
NO GREATER DURATION THAN THE WARRANTY PERIOD SET FORTH ABOVE. UNDER NO
CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL CLARION CORPORATION BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE, DIRECT
OR CONSEQUENTIAL, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT. BECAUSE
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS OR
EXCLUSIONS OR LIMITATIONS OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE
LIMITATIONS OR EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
8. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS
WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
9. For instructions on how to obtain warranty service, please call 1-800-GO-CLARION or visit our web site at
www.clarion.com for a listing of Authorized Warranty Service Centers in your area, or contact the Clarion
Customer Service Manager at the address listed below:
Clarion Corporation of America
661 W. Redondo Beach Blvd.
Gardena, CA 90247-4201 U.S.A.
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APX401.4 Rev. 1(11/01)
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