Clarke CFP-170 Sander User Manual

2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Introduction
Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe driving in
your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To help ensure your satisfaction
with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment descriptions, operating
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instructions and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We also urge you and your
passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And, of course, please do not operate
a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication or any impairment that could hinder your ability to
drive.
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification
labels attached to the driver's door opening and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment.
For further information please contact your retailer, or:
In the USA:
Volvo Cars of North America
Customer Care Center
P.O. Box 914
Rockleigh, New Jersey 07647-0914
1-800-458-1552
http://www.volvocars.us
In Canada:
Volvo Cars of Canada Ltd.
National Customer Service
175 Gordon Baker Road
North York, Ontario M2H 2N7
1-800-663-8255
http://www.volvocanada.com
General information
Shiftlock (automatic transmission)
When your vehicle is parked, the gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position. To release the selector from this
position, turn the ignition key to position II (or start the engine), depress the brake pedal, press the button on the
front side of the gear selector and move the selector from (P)ark.
When you switch off the ignition, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before the key can be
removed from the ignition switch
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
The ABS system in your vehicle performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle first reaches the speed of
approximately 12 mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from
the ABS control module. This is normal.
Fuel filler door
The fuel filler door, located on the right rear fender, is connected to your vehicle's central locking system.
Press the button on the light switch panel (see illustration on page 33) when the vehicle is at a standstill to
unlock the fuel filler door. Please note that the fuel filler door will remain unlocked until the vehicle begins to
move forward. An audible click will be heard when the fuel filler door relocks.
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Fuel filler cap
After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by turning it clockwise until it clicks into place. If this cap is not closed
tightly or if the engine is running when the vehicle is refueled, the Malfunction Indicator Lamp ("Check
Engine" light) will illuminate.
Important information
Before you operate your vehicle for the first time, please familiarize yourself with the new engine oil
consumption information on page 86. You should also be familiar with the information in chapters one, two
and eight of this manual.
Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be read after operating the
vehicle for the first time.
The manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. For this reason, it should be kept in the vehicle for
ready access.
Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating that country's applicable safety and exhaust
emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these requirements.
Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo not certifiable for legal operation in the
U.S., Canada and other countries.
All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product
information available at the time of publication. Please note that some vehicles may be equipped differently,
depending on special legal requirements. Optional equipment described in this manual may not be available in
all markets.
Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any time, or to change specifications or design without
notice and without incurring obligation.
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known
to the state of California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive harm. In addition, certain
fluids contained in vehicles and certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Volvo and the environment
Volvo is committed to the well being of its customers. As a natural part of this commitment, we care about the
environment in which we all live. Caring for the environment means an everyday involvement in reducing our
environmental impact.
Volvo's environmental activities are based on a holistic view, which means we consider the overall
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environmental impact of a product throughout its complete life cycle. In this context, design, production,
product use, and recycling are all important considerations.
In production, Volvo has partly or completely phased out several chemicals including chlorofluorocarbons
(CFCs), lead chromates, naphtanates, asbestos, mercury and cadmium; and reduced the amount of chemicals
used in our plants 50% since 1991.
Volvo was the first in the world to introduce into production a three-way catalytic converter with Lambda
Sond, now called oxygen sensor, in 1976. The current version of this highly efficient system reduces emissions
of harmful substances (CO, HC, NOx) from the exhaust pipe by approximately 95% and the search to eliminate
the remaining emissions continues. Volvo is the only automobile manufacturer to offer CFC-free retrofit kits
for the air conditioning system of all models as far back as the 1975 Volvo 240. Advanced electronic engine
controls, refined purification systems and cleaner fuels are bringing us closer to our goal.
After Volvo vehicles and parts have fulfilled their use, recycling is the next critical step in completing the life
cycle. The metal content is about 75% of the total weight of a vehicle, which makes the vehicle among the most
recycled industrial products. In order to have efficient and well controlled recycling, many Volvo variants have
printed dismantling manuals, indicating the weight and material of individual components. For Volvo, all
homogeneous plastic parts weighing more than 1.7 oz. (50 grams) are marked with international symbols that
indicate how the component is to be sorted for recycling.
In addition to continuous environmental refinement of conventional gasoline-powered internal combustion
engines, Volvo is actively looking at advanced technology alternative-fuel vehicles.
When you drive a Volvo, you become our partner in the work to lessen the vehicle's impact on the environment.
To reduce your vehicle's environmental impact, you can:
Maintain proper air pressure in your tires. Tests have shown decreased fuel economy with improperly
inflated tires.
● Follow the recommended maintenance schedule in your Warranty and Service Records Information booklet.
● Drive at a constant speed.
● See an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as possible for inspection if the check engine (malfunction
indicator) lamp illuminates, or stays on after the vehicle has started.
● Properly dispose of any vehicle-related waste such as used motor oil, used batteries, brake pads, etc.
● When cleaning your vehicle, use Volvo's own vehicle care products, all of which have systematically been
adapted to the environment.
●
For additional information regarding the environmental activities in which Volvo Cars of North America, LLC
and Volvo Car Corporation are involved, visit our Internet home page at:
http://www.volvocars.us
PremAir®
On the surface of the radiator in the engine compartment, there is a special coating called PremAir®. PremAir®
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works as a catalytic converter, converting most of the ground-level ozone passing through the radiator into
oxygen, thereby reducing harmful ground-level ozone.
PremAir is a registered trademark of Engelhard Corporation.
Instruments, switches and controls
Control panel in driver's door (controls 34-37)
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1. Headlights/Parking lights 33
2. Instrument lighting 33
3. Panel vents 51
4. Text window 30
5. Temperature gauge 26
6. Odometer/Trip odometer/Cruise control indicator 26, 40
7. Speedometer iv
8. Turn signal indicator lights 26
9. Tachometer 26
10. Ambient temperature gauge, clock, gear indicator 26
11. Fuel gauge 26
12. Indicator and warning symbols 27
13. Panel vents 51
14. Glove compartment 69
15. Hazard warning flashers 38
16. Audio system 175
17. Switches in the center console 31
18. Climate system controls 52
19. Windshield wiper/washer lever 36
20. Audio control buttons in steering wheel 177
21. Instrument panel 26
22. Horn iv
23. Cruise control buttons in steering wheel 40
24. Turn signals, High/low beams 35
25. Front fog lights, Rear fog light 33
26. Parking brake pedal 42
27. Parking brake release handle 42
28. Button for unlocking fuel filler door 33
29. Hood open lever 42
30. Reading lights 65
31. Courtesy light 65
32. Moonroof control (option) 47
33. Seat belt reminder 29
34. Rearview mirror 46
35. Central locking button 79
36. Lockout switch for rear seat power windows 45
37. Power window controls 44
38. Sideview mirror controls 46
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WARNING!
If your vehicle is involved in an accident, unseen damage may affect your vehicle's driveability and
safety.
Contents
Contents
Safety
Instruments and controls
Climate control
Interior
Locks and Alarm
Starting and driving
Wheels and tires
Vehicle care
Maintenance
Specifications
Audio
Index
Back Cover
Supplement - SAFETY - AIRBAG LABELS
Top of Page
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2005
VOLVO
XC90
Safety
pg. 1 Safety
Seat belts 2
Airbags (Supplemental Restraint System) 4
Side airbags (SIPS airbags) 12
Inflatable Curtain (IC) 14
Roll-over Protection System 15
Inspection of airbags, Inflatable Curtains and seat belt pretensioners 16
Whiplash Protection System (WHIPS) 17
Child safety 19
Occupant safety, Reporting safety defects 23
pg. 2 Safety
Seat belts
Not wearing a seat belt is like believing "It'll never happen to me!" Volvo, the inventor of the three-point
seat belt, urges you and all occupants of your vehicle to wear seat belts and ensure that children are
properly restrained, using an infant, car or booster seat determined by age, weight and height. Volvo also
believes no child should sit in the front seat of a vehicle.
NOTE: Most states and provinces make it mandatory for occupants of a vehicle to use seat belts. So,
urging you to buckle up is not just our recommendation. The few moments it takes to buckle your seat
belt may one day allow you to say "It's a good thing I was wearing my seat belt."
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NOTE: A chime will sound several times if the driver has not fastened his/her seat belt.
The seat belts are equipped with tensioners that reduce slack in the seat belts. These tensioners are
triggered in situations where the airbags deploy.
The front seat belts also include a tension reducing device which, in the event of a collision, limits the
peak forces exerted by the seat belt on the occupant.
Extending the lap belt
To buckle a seat belt:
Pull the belt out far enough to insert the latch plate into the receptacle until a distinct click is heard. The
seat belt retractor is normally "unlocked" and you can move freely, provided that the shoulder belt is not
pulled out too far. The retractor will lock up as follows:
●
●
●
●
if the belt is pulled out rapidly
during braking and acceleration
if the vehicle is leaning excessively
when driving in turns
For the seat belt to provide maximum protection in the event of an accident, it must be worn correctly.
When wearing the seat belt remember:
● The belt should not be twisted or turned.
● The lap belt must be positioned low on the hips (not pressing against the abdomen).
Make sure that the shoulder belt is rolled up into its retractor and that the shoulder and lap belts are taut.
Before exiting the vehicle, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled. If necessary,
guide the belt back into the retractor slot.
Child seats:
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Please refer to page 22 for information on securing child seats with the seat belts.
pg. 3 Safety
During pregnancy
Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in
such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap portion of the belt should be
located low, as shown in the above illustration.
WARNING!
Seat belts:
Never use a seat belt for more than one occupant. Never wear the shoulder portion of the belt under
the arm, behind the back or otherwise out of position. Such use could cause injury in the event of an
accident. As seat belts lose much of their strength when exposed to violent stretching, they should be
replaced after any collision, even if they appear to be undamaged.
● Never repair the belt on your own; have this work done by an authorized Volvo retailer only.
● Any device used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of the three-point belt system will
have a detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a collision.
● The seat back should not be tilted too far back. The shoulder belt must be taut in order to function
properly.
● Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We
also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt
properly fastened.
●
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Sample label found on all seat belts with pretensioners
pg. 4 Safety
Airbags (Supplemental Restraint System)
Driver's side airbag
As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, your Volvo is equipped with a Supplemental
Restraint System (SRS) to complement the three-point seat belt system. The inflatable airbag is installed
folded up in the center of the steering wheel. The wheel is embossed with SRS.
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WARNING!
Never drive an SRS equipped vehicle with your hands on the steering wheel pad/airbag
housing.
Passenger side airbag
The airbag on the front passenger side is folded up in a compartment above the glove compartment. The
panel is embossed SRS.
WARNING!
No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to, or installed near the SRS
cover in the center of the steering wheel, the SRS cover above the glove compartment or the area
affected by airbag deployment.
Passenger side airbag - location
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WARNING!
As its name implies, SRS is designed to be a SUPPLEMENT to - not a replacement for - the threepoint belt system. For maximum protection, wear seat belts at all times. Be aware that no system can
prevent all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.
When installing any accessory equipment, make sure that the SRS system is not damaged. Do not
attempt to service any component of the SRS yourself. Attempting to do so may result in serious
personal injury. If a problem arises, take your vehicle to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for
inspection as soon as possible.
pg. 5 Safety
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NOTE:
● Deployment of SRS components occurs only one time during an accident. In a collision where
deployment occurs, the airbags and seat belt pretensioners activate. Some noise occurs and a small
amount of powder is released. The release of the powder may appear as smoke-like matter. This is a
normal characteristic and does not indicate fire.
● Volvo's dual-threshold, dual-stage airbags use special sensors to control deployment. The point at
which the airbag deploys is determined by whether or not the seat belt is being used, as well as the
severity of the collision. Collisions can occur where only one of the airbags deploys.
● If the impact is less severe, but severe enough to present a clear injury risk, the dual-stage airbags are
triggered at 70-80% of their total capacity. If the impact is more severe, the dualstage airbags are
triggered at full capacity.
WARNING!
Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also
recommend that occupants under 4 feet 7 inches (140 cm) in height who have outgrown these devices
sit in the rear seat with the seat belt fastened.
Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the steering of your
vehicle. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the airbags are
deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.
pg. 6 Safety
Airbags (Supplemental Restraint System) (contd)
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WARNING!
Children must never be allowed in the front passenger's seat. Volvo recommends that ALL occupants
(adults and children) shorter than 4 feet 7 inches (140 cm) be seated in the back seat of any vehicle
with a front passenger-side airbag. See page 22 for guidelines.
Occupants in the front passenger's seat must never sit on the edge of the seat, sit leaning toward the
instrument panel or otherwise sit out of position. The occupant's back must be as upright as comfort
allows and be against the seat back with the seat belt properly fastened.
Feet must be on the floor, e.g. not on the dash, seat or out of the window.
No objects or accessory equipment, e.g. dashboard covers, may be placed on, attached to, or installed
near the SRS hatch (the area above the glove compartment) or the area affected by airbag deployment
(see illustration on page 4).
There should be no loose articles, e.g. coffee cups, on the floor, seat or dashboard area.
Never try to open the SRS cover on the steering wheel or the passenger side dash. This should only be
done by an authorized Volvo service technician.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in injury to the vehicle occupants.
Safety system warning light in the instrument panel
A self-diagnostic system incorporated in the sensor monitors certain safety system components. A check
is performed on components such as seat belt locks, SRS, Occupant Weight Sensor, SIPS, and/or the
VIC system. If a fault is detected, the warning light will illuminate. The light is included in the warning/
indicator light cluster in the instrument panel. Normally, the safety system warning lamp should light up
when the ignition key is turned to positions I, II or III and should go out after approximately 7 seconds
or when the engine is started. Check that this light is functioning properly every time the vehicle is
started.
WARNING!
If the SRS warning light stays on after the engine has started or if it comes on while you are driving,
drive the vehicle to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for inspection as soon as possible.
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pg. 7 Safety
Disabling the passenger's side front airbag.
Volvo recommends that ALL occupants (adults and children) shorter than four feet seven inches (140
cm) be seated in the back seat of any vehicle with a front passenger side airbag, and be properly
restrained for their size and weight. See also the child safety recommendations on page 22.
The passenger's side front airbag is automatically enabled/disabled by the Occupant Weight Sensor
(OWS), a system that monitors the weight of the person or object in the front passenger's seat. The
system consists of a silicon-filled bag located under the padding in the front passenger's seat cushion, a
control module located under this seat, and a seat belt tension sensor, located on the outboard side of the
seat.
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If the system is functioning normally, the status of the front passenger's side airbag (enabled/ disabled)
will be shown by the OWS indicator light as explained in the table to the left. The OWS indicator light is
separate and in addition to the SRS warning light in the instrument panel.
NOTE: When the ignition is switched on, the OWS indicator light will go on for up to 10 seconds while
the system performs a self diagnostic test and then go out. However, if a fault is detected in the system:
● The OWS indicator light will stay on
● The safety system warning light (see page 6) will come on and stay on
● The message PASS. AIRBAG OFF SERVICE URGENT will be displayed in the information display.
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WARNING! If a fault in the system is detected and indicated as explained above, be aware that
the passenger's side front airbag will not deploy in the event of a collision. In this case, the safety
systems and Occupant Weight Sensor should be inspected by an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as
possible.
pg. 8 Safety
WARNING!
Never try to open, remove, or repair any components in the OWS system. This could result in system
malfunction. Maintenance or repairs should only be carried out by an authorized Volvo service
technician.
WARNING!
Keep the following points in mind with respect to the OWS system. Failure to follow these
instructions could adversely affect the system's function and result in serious injury to the occupant of
the front passenger's seat:
The full weight of the front seat passenger should always be on the seat cushion. The passenger
should never lift him/herself off the seat cushion using the armrest in the door or the center console,
by pressing the feet on the floor, by sitting on the edge of the seat cushion, or by pressing against the
backrest in a way that reduces pressure on the seat cushion. This could cause OWS to disable the
front, passenger's side airbag.
The front passenger's seat should not be modified in any way. This could reduce pressure on the seat
cushion, which might interfere with the OWS system's function.
Do not place any type of object on the front passenger's seat in such a way that jamming, pressing, or
squeezing occurs between the object and the front seat, other than as a direct result of the correct use
of the ALR/ELR seat belt (see page 22).
No objects should be placed under the front passenger's seat. This could interfere with the OWS
system's function.
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WARNING!
No objects that add to the total weight on the seat should be placed on the front passenger's seat. If a
child is seated in the front passenger's seat with any additional weight, this extra weight could cause
the OWS system to enable the airbag, which might cause it to deploy in the event of a collision,
thereby injuring the child. The seat belt should never be wrapped around an object on the front
passenger's seat. This could interfere with the OWS system's function.
The front passenger's seat belt should never be used in a way that exerts more pressure on the
passenger than normal. This could increase the pressure exerted on the weight sensor by a child, and
could result in the airbag being enabled, which might cause it to deploy in the event of a collision,
thereby injuring the child.
pg. 9 Safety
When are the airbags deployed?
The information on this page pertains to SRS (front) airbags only. For information about Side Impact
Protection System (SIPS) airbags, please see page 12. For Inflatable Curtain (IC) airbags, please see
page 14.
The SRS system is designed to deploy during certain frontal or front-angular collisions, impacts, or
decelerations, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and object impacted. The SRS sensor is
designed to react to both the impact of the collision and the inertial forces generated by it and to
determine if the intensity of the collision is sufficient for the seat belt pretensioners or airbags to be
deployed.
If the airbags have been deployed, we recommend the following:
● Have the vehicle towed to an authorized Volvo retailer. Never drive with the airbags deployed.
● Have an authorized Volvo retailer replace the SRS system components.
● Use only new, Genuine Volvo Parts when replacing SRS components (airbags, seat belts,
pretensioners, etc.).
When are the airbags NOT deployed?
Not all frontal collisions activate the SRS system. If the collision involves a nonrigid object (e.g., a snow
drift or bush), or a rigid, fixed object at a low speed, the SRS system will not necessarily deploy. Front
airbags do not normally deploy in a side impact collision, in a collision from the rear or in a rollover
situation. The amount of damage to the bodywork does not reliably indicate if the airbags should have
deployed or not.
Seat belts - the heart of the Volvo safety system
The heart of the Volvo safety system is the three-point seat belt (a Volvo invention)! In order for the
SRS system to provide the protection intended, seat belts must be worn at all times by everyone in the
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vehicle. The SRS system is a supplement to the seat belts.
WARNING!
Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the steering of your
vehicle. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the airbags are
deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.
pg. 10 Safety
Airbags (Supplemental Restraint System) (contd)
WARNING!
If your vehicle has been subjected to flood conditions (e.g. soaked carpeting/standing water on the
floor of the vehicle) or if your vehicle has become flood-damaged in any way, do not attempt to start
the vehicle or put the key in the ignition before disconnecting the battery (see below). This may cause
airbag deployment which could result in personal injury. Have the vehicle towed to an authorized
Volvo retailer for repairs.
Automatic transmission:
Before attempting to tow the vehicle, use the following procedure to override the shiftlock system to
move the gear selector to the neutral position.
●
●
●
●
●
Switch off the ignition for at least 10 minutes and disconnect the battery
Wait at least one minute
Insert the key in the ignition and turn it to position II
Press firmly on the brake pedal.
Move the gear selector from (P)ark to the (N)eutral position.
There is no maintenance to perform on the SRS yourself. The month and year shown on the decal on the
door pillar indicate when you should contact your Volvo retailer for specific servicing or replacement of
airbags and seat belt pretensioners. This maintenance must be performed by an authorized Volvo retailer.
Should you have any questions about the SRS system, please contact your authorized Volvo retailer or
Volvo Customer Support:
In the U.S.A
In Canada:
Volvo Cars of North America
Volvo Cars of Canada Ltd.
Customer Care Center
National Customer Service
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2005 VOLVO XC90
P.O. Box 914
175 Gordon Baker Road
Rockleigh, New Jersey 07647-0914 North York, Ontario M2H 2N7
1-800-458-1552
1-800-663-8255
pg. 11 Safety
Front airbag (SRS) system
As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, your Volvo is equipped with a Supplemental
Restraint System (SRS). The Volvo SRS consists of an airbag (2) on both the driver's and passenger's
sides and seat belt pretensioners in both front door pillars. The system is designed to supplement the
protection provided by the three-point seat belt system. All rear seat belts are also equipped with
pretensioners.
The SRS system is indicated by the "SRS" embossed on the steering wheel pad and above the glove
compartment, and by decals on both sun visors and on the front and far right side of the dash.
The airbags are folded and located in the steering wheel hub and above the glove compartment.
Deployment:
The SRS airbags are designed to deploy during certain frontal or front-angular collisions, impacts, or
decelerations, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and object impacted. The airbags may also
deploy in certain non-frontal collisions where rapid deceleration occurs.
The airbag system includes gas generators (1) surrounded by the airbags (2) and front seat belt
pretensioners for both of the front seats. To deploy the system, the sensor (3) activates the gas generators
causing the airbags to be inflated with nitrogen gas.
As the movement of the seats' occupants compresses the airbags, some of the gas is expelled at a
controlled rate to provide better cushioning. Both seat belt pretensioners also deploy, minimizing any
seat belt slack. The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbags, takes approximately
two-tenths of a second.
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WARNING!
The SRS is designed to help prevent serious injury. Deployment occurs very quickly and with
considerable force. During normal deployment and depending on variables such as seating position,
one may experience abrasions, bruises, swellings, or other injuries as a result of airbag(s) deployment.
Never try to repair any part of the SRS or SIPS bag systems yourself. Any interference in the system
could cause malfunction and serious injury. All work on these systems should be performed by an
authorized Volvo retailer.
Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
pg. 12 Safety
Side airbags (SIPS airbags)
SIPS airbag*
SIPS airbag (front seats only)
As an enhancement to the structural Side Impact Protection System built into your vehicle, the vehicle is
also equipped with Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) airbags. The SIPS airbag system consists of
airbag modules built into the sides of both front seat backrests, wires and gas generators/sensor units
(see illustration on next page).
The SIPS airbag system is designed to help increase occupant protection in the event of certain side
impact collisions. The SIPS airbags are designed to deploy only during certain side-impact collisions,
depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and point of impact.
The airbags are not designed to deploy in all side impact situations.
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NOTE: SIPS airbag deployment (one airbag) occurs only on the side of the vehicle affected by the
impact.The airbags are not designed to deploy in all side impact situations.
*A SIPS airbag warning decal is also located at the end of the instrument panel on the driver's side of the
vehicle.
WARNING!
The SIPS airbag system is a supplement to the Side Impact Protection System and the three-point
seat belt system. It is not designed to deploy during collisions from the front or rear of the vehicle,
and will only deploy in certain rollover situations.
● The use of seat covers on the front seats may impede SIPS airbag deployment.
● No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to or installed near, the
SIPS airbag system or in the area affected by SIPS airbag deployment (see illustration above).
● Never try to open or repair any components of the SIPS airbag system. This should be done only
by an authorized Volvo service technician.
● In order for the SIPS airbag to provide its best protection, both front seat occupants should sit in an
upright position with the seat belt properly fastened.
● Failure to follow these instructions can result in injury to the occupants of the vehicle in the event
of an accident.
●
pg. 13 Safety
The SIPS airbag system
This system consists of a gas generator (1), the side airbags (2), and electronic sensors/cables (3).
pg. 14 Safety
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Inflatable Curtain (IC)
7-seat model shown
Volvo Inflatable Curtain (IC)
This system consists of Inflatable Curtains located along the sides of the roof liners, stretching from the
front side windows to the rear edge of the rear side windows. It is designed to help protect the heads of
the occupants of the front seats and the occupant of the outboard rear seating positions, including the
outboard passenger in the optional third row of seats in certain side impact collisions.
The Inflatable Curtains in the Volvo XC90 are also designed to help protect the occupants of the vehicle
in a roll-over situation, and to help prevent them from being thrown from the vehicle if a roll-over
occurs.
NOTE:
In 5-seat models, the Inflatable Curtains extend to protect both rows of seats. In 7-seat models, they
extend to protect all three rows.
By design, the IC system deploys only on the side of the vehicle affected by the impact.
However, in certain side impacts, or in a roll-over situation, BOTH the Inflatable Curtains (IC) and the
Side Impact Airbag System (SIPS-bag) will deploy, whereas, in some cases, ONLY the Inflatable
Curtain (IC) will deploy. In cases where BOTH the IC and the SIPS-bag deploy, deployment will occur
simultaneously. If the Inflatable Curtain deploys, it remains inflated for approximately 5 seconds.
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WARNING!
The IC system is a supplement to the Side Impact Protection System. It is not designed to deploy
during collisions from the front or rear of the vehicle. The Inflatable Curtains are designed to deploy
only during certain side-impact collisions, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and impact.
The Inflatable Curtains are not designed to deploy in all side impact situations.
Never try to open or repair any components of the IC system. This should be done only by an
authorized Volvo service technician.
In order for the IC to provide its best protection, both front seat occupants and all outboard rear seat
occupants should sit in an upright position with the seat belt properly fastened; adults using the seat
belt and children using the proper child restraint system. Only adults should sit in the front seats.
Children must never be allowed in the front passenger seat. See page 22 for guidelines. Failure to
follow these instructions can result in injury to the vehicle occupants in an accident.
When the backrest(s) in the rear seat(s) are folded down, the vehicle should not be loaded to a level
higher than 2 inches (5 cm) below the upper edge of the side windows. Objects placed higher than
this level could impede the function of the Inflatable Curtain.
pg. 15 Safety
Roll-over Protection System
Volvo's Roll-over Protection System has been developed to help prevent the vehicle from rolling over in
the event of sudden evasive maneuvers, skids, etc and to offer enhanced protection if a roll-over occurs.
The system works in two ways:
● The stabilizing system Roll Stability Control (RSC) acts to minimize body roll.
● The system provides additional protection with a reinforced body, Inflatable Curtains for all outboard
seating positions, and seat belt pretensioners for all seating positions.
RSC uses a gyro-sensor that registers the vehicle's angle of inclination and the speed at which this angle
changes. Using this information, the control module calculates the risk of a roll-over. If there is an
imminent roll-over risk, the Dynamic Stability and Traction Control (DSTC) system is activated, engine
speed is reduced, and the brakes are applied to one or more of the wheels until the vehicle has regained
stability.
If a roll-over occurs, RSC triggers the seat belt pretensioners and then deploys the Inflatable Curtains
(which remain inflated for approximately 5 seconds). These curtains are designed to follow the contours
of the side windows so that they position themselves between the occupants' heads and the sides of the
vehicle.
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WARNING!
The inflatable curtain is not designed to provide protection against impacts from above in roll-over
situations.
pg. 16 Safety
Inspection of airbags, Inflatable Curtains and seat belt
pretensioners
The year and month specified on the decal in the door pillar(s) is the date when you should contact your
Volvo retailer to inspect and, if necessary, replace the airbags and seat belt pretensioners. If you have
any questions concerning either system, contact an authorized Volvo retailer.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
pg. 17 Safety
Whiplash Protection System (WHIPS)
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Whiplash Protection System (WHIPS) - front seats only
WHIPS consists of specially designed hinges and brackets on the front seat backrests and head restraints
designed to help absorb some of the energy generated in a rear-end collision.
In the event of a collision of this type, the hinges and brackets of the front seat backrests are designed to
change position slightly to allow the backrest/head restraint to help support the occupant's head before
moving slightly rearward. This movement helps absorb some of the forces that could result in the
whiplash effect.
WARNING!
WHIPS is designed to supplement the other safety systems in your vehicle. For this system to
function properly, the three-point seat belt must be worn. Please be aware that no system can prevent
all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.
If your vehicle has been involved in a collision, the front seat backrests must be inspected by an
authorized Volvo retailer even, if the seats appear to be undamaged. Certain components in the
WHIPS system may need to be replaced. Do not attempt to service any component in the WHIPS
system yourself.
WARNING!
If the rear seat backrests are folded down, cargo must be secured to prevent it from sliding forward
against the front seat backrests in the event of a collision from the rear. This could interfere with the
action of the WHIPS system.
The WHIPS system is designed to function in certain collisions from the rear, depending on the crash
severity, angle and speed.
Occupants in the front seats must never sit out of position. The occupant's back must be as upright as
comfort allows and be against the seat back with the seat belt properly fastened.
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pg. 18 Safety
WARNING!
Any contact between the front seat backrests and the folded rear seat could impede the function of the
WHIPS system. If the rear seat is folded down, the occupied front seats must be adjusted forward so
that they do not touch the folded rear seat.
Boxes, suitcases, etc. wedged behind the front seats (see illustration above right) could impede the
function of the WHIPS system.
pg. 19 Safety
Child safety
Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants including children. Remember
that, regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a vehicle.
Your vehicle is also equipped with ISOFIX attachments, which make it more convenient to install child
seats (see page 20).
Restraint systems for children are designed to be secured in the vehicle by lap belts or the lap portion of
a lap-shoulder belt. Such child restraint systems can help protect children in vehicles in the event of an
accident only if they are used properly. However, children could be endangered in a crash if the child
restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. Failure to follow the installation instructions for your
child restraint can result in your child striking the vehicle's interior in a sudden stop.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a
child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's interior and an unrestrained person.
The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a
sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or child rides unrestrained on the
seat. Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce the chance of injuring or
increasing the injury of a child.
All states and provinces have legislation governing how and where children should be carried in a
vehicle. Find out the regulations existing in your state or province. Recent accident statistics have shown
that children are safer in rear seating positions than front seating positions when properly restrained. A
child restraint system can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a child
restraint system:
● It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
(FMVSS 213) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.
● Make sure the child restraint system is approved for the child's height, weight and development - the
label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this
information.
● In using any child restraint system, we urge you to carefully look over the instructions that are
provided with the restraint. Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in
this vehicle. A misused child restraint system can result in increased injuries for both the infant or child
and other occupants in the vehicle.
When a child has outgrown the child safety seat, you should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt
fastened. The best way to help protect the child here is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat
belt is properly located on the hips (see page 2). Legislation in your state or province may mandate the
use of a child seat or cushion in combination with the seat belt, depending on the child's age and/or size.
Please check local regulations.
A specially designed and tested booster cushion (not available in Canada) can be obtained from your
Volvo retailer for children weighing 33-80 lbs (15-36 kg) and 38-54 inches (97-137 cm) in height.
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WARNING!
Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We
also recommend that children under 4 feet 7 inches (140 cm) in height who have outgrown these
devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt fastened.
● Keep vehicle doors and the tailgate locked and keep keys out of a child's reach.
Unsupervised children could lock themselves in an open tailgate and risk injury. Children should be
taught not to play in vehicles.
● On hot days, the temperature in the vehicle interior can rise very quickly. Exposure to these high
temperatures for even a short period of time can cause heat-related injury or death. Small children are
particularly at risk.
●
pg. 20 Safety
Child safety (contd)
ISOFIX/LATCH anchors
Lower anchors for ISOFIX-equipped child seats are located in the second row outboard seats, hidden
below the backrest cushions. Symbols on the seat back upholstery mark the anchor positions as shown.
To access the anchors, kneel on the seat cushion and locate the anchors by feel.
Always follow your child seat manufacturer's installation instructions, and use both ISOFIX lower
anchors and top tethers whenever possible.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Integrated child booster cushion (option)
Volvo's own integrated booster cushion has been specially designed to help safeguard a child seated in
the rear seat. When using an integrated booster cushion, the child must be secured with the vehicle's
three-point seat belt. This child seat is designed for use only by children who weigh between 33 and 80
lb (15 and 36 kg) and whose height is between 38 and 54 in (97 and 137 cm).
The child should be properly seated on the booster cushion. The hip section of the three-point seat belt
must fit snugly across the child's hips, not across the stomach. The shoulder section of the three-point
seat belt should be positioned across the chest and shoulder (see illustration). The shoulder belt must
never be placed behind the child's back or under the arm.
WARNING!
- DEATH or SERIOUS INJURY can occur- Follow all instructions on the booster cushion and in the vehicle's owner's manual.
- MAKE SURE THE BOOSTER CUSHION IS SECURELY LOCKED BEFORE THE CHILD IS
SEATED.
- Use this booster cushion only with children who weigh between 33 and 80 lbs (15 and 36 kg) and
whose height is between 38 and 54 in (97 and 137 cm).
- In the event of a collision while the integrated booster cushion was occupied, the entire booster
cushion and seat belt must be replaced. The booster cushion should also be replaced if it is badly
worn or damaged in any way. This work should be performed by an authorized Volvo retailer only.
- The booster cushion should be cleaned while in place in the vehicle if possible. If not, please consult
your Volvo retailer.
pg. 21 Safety
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Integrated booster cushion
Raising
● Pull the handle at the front of the cushion (1) forward.
● Move the seat belt latch aside before raising the cushion.
● With both hands push the cushion rearward (2).
● Push the cushion until it locks in place.
Lowering
● Pull the handle at the front of the cushion (1) forward.
● Pull the seat forward and press it down until it locks in place.
The booster cushion must be pressed down before the backrest can be folded down.
Child restraint anchorages
Child restraint anchorages
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Volvo vehicles are equipped with child restraint top tether anchorages in the rear seats (second row of
seats in seven-seat models). Refer to the child seat manufacturer's instructions for information on
securing the child seat.
WARNING!
Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted
child restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts or harnesses. The
anchorages are not able to withstand excessive forces on them in the event of collision if full harness
seat belts or adult seat belts are installed to them. An adult who uses a belt anchored in a child
restraint Anchorage runs a great risk of suffering severe injuries should a collision occur. Do not
install rear speakers which would require the removal of the top tether anchors or interfere with the
proper use of the top tether strap.
pg. 22 Safety
Child safety (contd)
Keeping child seats in place (ALR/ELR*)
To make child seat installation easier, each seat belt (except for the driver's belt) is equipped with a
locking mechanism to help keep the seat belt taut.
When attaching the seat belt to a child seat:
● Attach the seat belt to the child seat according to the child seat manufacturer's instructions.
● Pull the seat belt out as far as possible.
● Insert the seat belt latch plate into the buckle (lock) in the usual way.
● Release the seat belt and pull it taut around the child seat.
A sound from the seat belt retractor will be audible at this time and is normal.
The belt will now be locked in place.
This function is automatically disabled when the seat belt is unlocked and the belt is fully retracted.
WARNING!
Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also
recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt
properly fastened.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Important!
Why Volvo believes no child should sit in the front seat of a vehicle
It's quite simple really. A front airbag is a very powerful device designed, by law, to help protect an
adult. Because of the size of the airbag and its speed of inflation, a child should never be placed in the
front seat, even if he or she is properly belted or strapped into a child safety seat. Volvo has been an
innovator in safety for over seventy-five years, and we'll continue to do our part. But we need your help.
Please remember to put your children in the back seat, and buckle them up.
Volvo has some very specific recommendations:
● Always wear your seat belt.
● Airbags are a SUPPLEMENTAL safety device which, when used with a three-point seat belt can help
reduce serious injuries during certain types of accidents. Volvo recommends that you do not disconnect
the airbag system in your vehicle.
● Volvo strongly recommends that everyone in the vehicle be properly restrained.
● Volvo recommends that ALL occupants (adults and children) shorter than four feet seven inches (140
cm) be seated in the back seat of any vehicle with a front passenger side airbag.
Drive safely!
* Automatic Locking Retractor/Emergency Locking Retractor
pg. 23 Safety
Occupant safety, Reporting safety defects
Seat belt maintenance
Check periodically that the seat belts are in good condition. Use water and a mild detergent for cleaning.
Check seat belt mechanism function as follows: attach the seat belt and pull rapidly on the strap.
Volvo concern for safety
Safety is Volvo's cornerstone. Our concern dates back to 1927 when the first Volvo rolled off the
production line. Three-point seat belts (a Volvo invention), safety cages, and energy-absorbing impact
zones were designed into Volvo vehicles long before it was fashionable or required by government
regulation. We will not compromise our commitment to safety. We continue to seek out new safety
features and to refine those already in our vehicles. You can help. We would appreciate hearing your
suggestions about improving automobile safety. We also want to know if you ever have a safety concern
with your vehicle. Call us in the U.S. at: 800-458-1552 or in Canada at: 800-663-8255.
Occupant safety
How safely you drive doesn't depend on how old you are, but rather on:
● How well you see.
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●
●
Your ability to concentrate.
How quickly you make decisions under stress to avoid an accident.
The tips listed below are suggestions to help you cope with the ever changing traffic environment.
● Never drink and drive.
● If you are taking any medication, consult your physician about its potential effects on your driving
abilities.
● Take a driver-retraining course.
● Have your eyes checked regularly.
● Keep your windshield and headlights clean.
● Replace wiper blades when they start to leave streaks.
● Take into account the traffic, road, and weather conditions, particularly with regard to stopping
distance.
Reporting Safety Defects in the U.S.
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,
you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in
addition to notifying Volvo Cars of North America. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and
remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you,
your retailer, or Volvo Cars of North America. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1- 800-424-9393 (or 202-366-0123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.
S. Department of Transportation, Washington D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about
motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
Volvo strongly recommends that if your vehicle is covered under a service campaign, safety or emission
recall or similar action, it should be completed as soon as possible. Please check with your local retailer
or Volvo Cars of North America, LLC if your vehicle is covered under these conditions.
NHTSA can be reached at:
Internet:
http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov
Telephone:
1-888-DASH-2-DOT (1-888-327-4236) (toll free)
1-800-424-9393 (toll free)
1-202-366-0123 (in Washington DC area)
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Instruments and controls
pg. 25 Instruments and controls
Instrument panel 26
Indicator and warning symbols 27
Switches in center console 31
Lighting panel 33
Lighting panel, Manually unlocking the fuel filler door 34
Turn signals, Steering wheel adjustment 35
Windshield wipers 36
Tailgate wiper/washer, Water repellent glass 37
Hazard warning flashers, rear window/sideview mirror defroster, heated front seats 38
Trip computer (option) 39
Cruise control 40
Parking brake, Opening/closing the hood 42
Opening the tailgate, Auxiliary 12-volt sockets 43
Electrically operated windows 44
Rearview mirror/power folding sideview mirror 46
Power moonroof (option) 47
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2005 VOLVO XC90
pg. 26 Instruments and controls
Instrument panel
1. Turn signal indicators - right - left
2. Text window
The text window displays information and warning messages.
3. Temperature gauge
The pointer should be approximately midway on the gauge when driving. Do not drive the vehicle if
the warning light is on. The text window will provide you with additional information. If the engine
temperature remains high, check coolant level - see page 139.
4. Trip odometer
The trip odometers are used for measuring shorter distances. The right-hand digit gives tenth of a mile/
kilometer. Press the button for more than 2 seconds to reset. Change between trip odometers 1 and 2
using one short press on the button.
5. Odometer
6. Speedometer
7. Warning symbol
8. High beam indicator
9. Tachometer
The tachometer shows engine speed in thousands of revolutions per minute (rpm). Do not drive
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continuously with the needle in the red area of the dial, which indicates maximum allowable engine rpm
range. Instead, shift to a higher gear or slow the vehicle down. The engine management system will
automatically prevent excessively high engines speeds. This will be noticeable as a pronounced
unevenness in engine speed.
10. Gear and driving mode indicator
The currently selected driving mode is displayed here. If you use the optional Geartronic function on the
automatic transmission, the currently selected gear will be displayed.
11. Ambient temperature gauge
This display indicates the air temperature outside your vehicle. A "snowflake" symbol in the text
window is displayed when the temperature is in the range of 23 - 36° F (-5 - +2° C). Please note that this
symbol does not indicate a fault with your vehicle. At low speeds or when the vehicle is not moving, the
temperature readings may be slightly higher than the actual ambient temperature.
12. Clock/set button
Turn the button to set the clock.
13. Fuel gauge
The fuel tank holds approximately:
Models with 6-cylinder turbo engines - 19 US gallons (72 liters).
Models with 5-cylinder turbo engines - 18 US gallons (68 liters).
When a warning light in the gauge comes on, there are approximately 1.8 US gal. (8 liters) of fuel
remaining in the tank.
14. Indicator and warning symbols
pg. 27 Instruments and controls
Indicator and warning symbols
The indicator and warning symbols light up when you turn the ignition key to the driving position
(position II) before starting. This shows that the symbols are functioning. When the engine starts, all
symbols go out. If the engine is not started within 5 seconds, all symbols except CHECK ENGINE and
go out. The symbol for the parking brake goes out when the parking brake is released.
Warning symbol
in center of instrument panel
This symbol shines as a red or yellow light depending on the severity of the fault that has been detected.
Red symbol -Stop the vehicle as soon as possible in a suitable location and read the message shown in
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the text window.
Yellow symbol -Follow the instructions shown in the text window.
Anti-lock brake system ABS
If the warning light comes on, there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system
will still function). The vehicle should be driven to a Volvo retailer for inspection. See page 98 for
additional information.
pg. 28 Instruments and controls
Indicator and warning symbols (contd)
BRAKE Brake failure warning light
If the light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake
fluid level in the reservoir. See page 140 for reservoir position and page 144 for instructions.
Canadian models are equipped with this warning light.
If the BRAKE and ABS warning lights come on at the same time, this could indicate a fault in the
brake system.
Stop the vehicle in a suitable place and switch off the engine.
● Restart the engine.
● If both warning lights go off, no further action is required.
● If both lights are still on after the engine has been restarted, switch off the engine again and check the
brake fluid level (see page 140 for the location of the brake fluid reservoir).
●
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WARNING!
The If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir or if a "Brake failure - Service urgent"
message is displayed in the text window: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the vehicle towed to an authorized
Volvo retailer and have the brake system inspected.
If the brake fluid level is above the MIN mark, drive carefully to an authorized Volvo retailer and
have the brake system inspected.
●
DSTC
The Dynamic Stability and Traction Control system (DSTC) is explained in greater detail on pages 99
and 100.
pg. 29 Instruments and controls
Supplemental Restraint system (SRS)
If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a
fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo retailer for an inspection of the system. See the SRS section for more
information.
Generator warning light
If the light comes on while the engine is running, have the charging system checked.
Seat belt reminder
This symbol lights up to indicate that the driver has not fastened his/her seat belt.
Tire pressure monitoring light
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See page 116 for more information on this function.
PARKING BRAKE
This light will be on when the parking brake is applied. The parking brake pedal is located on the left
side of the driver's footwell.
Canadian models are equipped with this symbol.
Rear fog light
This light indicates that the fog light is on.
Turn signal indicator - trailer (certain models)
If you are towing a trailer, this light will flash simultaneously with the turn signals on the trailer. If the
light does not flash when signaling, neither the trailer's turn signals nor the vehicle's turn signals are
functioning.
Oil pressure warning light
If the light comes on while driving, stop the vehicle and then stop the engine immediately and
check the engine oil level See page 142. If the light stays on after restart, have the vehicle towed to the
nearest authorized Volvo retailer. After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally when the
engine is idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.
CHECK ENGINE Malfunction indicator light
On-Board Diagnostics II (OBDII): As you drive, a computer called "OBDII" monitors your vehicle's
engine, transmission, electrical and emission systems. The CHECK ENGINE light will light up if the
computer senses a condition that potentially may need correcting. When this happens, please have your
vehicle checked by a Volvo retailer as soon as possible.
A CHECK ENGINE light may have many causes. Sometimes, you may not notice a change in your
vehicle's behavior. Even so, an uncorrected condition could hurt fuel economy, emission cleanliness, and
driveability. Extended driving without correcting the cause could even damage other components in
your vehicle.
Canadian models are equipped with this warning light.
pg. 30 Instruments and controls
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Indicator and warning symbols (contd)
Messages in the text window
When a warning light in the instrument panel comes on, a message is also displayed in the text window.
After you have read the message, you can erase it by pressing button A (see illustration).
NOTE: Certain messages cannot be erased until the condition has been corrected.
If a warning message is displayed when e.g. you are using the trip computer, this message must be
erased before you can access the function of your choice. Press button A to erase the warning message.
You can scroll through the stored messages by pressing button A (see illustration). The text window can
be cleared (the message will be returned to memory) by pressing button A again.
Message
STOP SAFELY:
STOP ENGINE:
SERVICE URGENT:
SEE MANUAL:
SERVICE REQUIRED:
Meaning:
Stop and switch off the engine - to help prevent serious risk of
damage.
Stop and switch off the engine - to help prevent serious risk of
damage.
Take your vehicle to an authorized Volvo retailer for inspection
as soon as possible.
Refer to your owner's manual. For additional information, please
contact your Volvo retailer.
Take your vehicle to an authorized Volvo retailer for inspection
at your convenience (but preferably before the next scheduled
maintenance).
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FIX NEXT SERVICE:
OIL LEVEL LOW - FILL OILa
Have the system affected inspected at the next scheduled
maintenance.
This light will come on at 7,500 mile (12,000 km) intervals,
after 750 hours of driving or after 12 months, whichever occurs
first, to remind the driver that the maintenance interval has been
exceeded. The light will stay on for 2 minutes after start until
reset by the servicing retailer.
Check the oil level and top up if necessary. See page 142.
OIL LEVEL LOW - STOP
SAFELYb
Stop as soon as possible and switch off the engine, check the oil
level and top up if necessary. See page 142.
OIL LEVEL LOW - STOP
ENGINEb
Stop as soon as possible and switch off the engine, check the oil
level and top up if necessary. See page 142.
OIL LEVEL LOW - SEE
MANUALb
Stop as soon as possible and switch off the engine, check the oil
level and top up if necessary.See page 142.
TIME FOR REGULAR SERVICE
a. The yellow warning symbol also lights up (see page 27)
b. The red warning symbol also lights up (see page 27)
pg. 31 Instruments and controls
Switches in center console
Dynamic Stability Traction Control system (DSTC)
This button is used to switch off DSTC's stability Control function. See pages 99 and 100 for additional
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information.
WARNING!
Please be aware that the vehicle's handling characteristics may be affected if the Stability Control
function is switched off.
Rear seat air conditioning (option)
This button controls the optional rear seat air conditioning system on seven-seat models.
Power child locks (option)
See page 81 for more information on this function.
Folding sideview mirrors (option)
Press the button and release it to fold the sideview mirrors in or out. On certain models, when the button
is pressed, there may be a long pause before the mirrors move.
Pressing the button again during this pause may erase your first button press. If this happens, wait ten
seconds and press the button one more time.
The mirrors cannot be adjusted during the first ten seconds after they have been folded out.
NOTE: If the sideview mirrors have been inadvertently pushed out of position (in a car wash, parking
lot, etc.) manually return them to normal position. If mirror adjustment does not seem to operate after
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manual folding, reset the folding mirrors as follows:
● Turn the ignition key to position II.
● Manually fold the mirror(s) to the normal position.
● Press the button to fold both mirrors in.
● Press the button again to fold the mirrors out to their normal position.
pg. 32 Instruments and controls
Park Assist (option/accessory as available)
This system provides an audible warning when the vehicle is being parked or if it is driven close to a
person or object. See page 101 for more information.
NOTE: The system activates automatically when the engine is started, and can be deactivated by
pressing this button (e.g. when towing a trailer) or reactivated if necessary.
Temporarily disconnecting the alarm sensors (option)
See page 83 for more details.
Auxiliary lights
This button is used to switch on auxiliary lights (if installed). An LED in the switch will light up to
indicate that the auxiliary lights are illuminated.
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12 volt socket
This 12 volt socket can be used to plug in certain accessories such as cellular telephones, etc. The
ignition key must be in position 1 (or higher) for the auxiliary socket to function.
NOTE: The auxiliary sockets can also be used for cigarette lighters, which are available as accessories
at your Volvo retailer.
pg. 33 Instruments and controls
Lighting panel
A - Headlights and parking lights
All lighting off.
Models with daytime running lights:
Low beam headlights will automatically come on if the ignition key is in position II. Front and rear
parking lights, tail lights, side marker lights, and license plate lights will also be on. Volvo recommends
the use of daytime running lights. If, however, you would prefer to have these lights turned off (USA
only), please consult your Volvo retailer. Please note that the use of daytime running lights is mandatory
in Canada.
NOTE: Bi-Xenon headlights (option): Turn the headlight switch to position 0 to activate a daylight
sensor, which automatically switches the low beams on or off, depending on ambient light conditions.
When driving in daylight, the headlights will switch off and the daytime running lights will come on. In
darkness, the daytime running lights will switch off and the Bi-Xenon headlights will switch on.
Parking lights on. The parking lights should be switched off when you leave the vehicle to
help avoid battery drain.
Headlights, parking lights, license plate lights and instrument panel illumination are on if the
ignition key is in position II.
The headlight switch must be in this position before the high beams will function (this also applies on
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models equipped with the optional Bi-Xenon headlights).
Switch from high to low beams and vice versa by pulling the turn signal switch lever on the left side of
steering column toward you.
B - Instrument lighting
Move the thumb wheel up to increase brightness or down to decrease brightness. There is also an
instrument panel illumination sensor (see illustration on page 50) which automatically adjusts the level
of illumination. The symbols have maximum illumination in daylight (only the background lighting can
be adjusted). At night, both the symbol light and background lighting can be adjusted.
C - Unlocking the fuel filler door
Press this button when the vehicle is at a standstill to unlock the fuel filler door. Please note that the fuel
filler door will remain unlocked until the vehicle begins to move forward. An audible click will be heard
when the fuel filler door relocks. See also page 88.
NOTE: If the fuel filler door does not unlock after the button has been pressed, please see page 34 for
information on manually unlocking this door.
D - Front fog lights
The front fog lights will function only in combination with the low beam headlights. The fog lights turn
off when the ignition is switched off.
A light in the switch indicates when the front fog lights are on.
pg. 34 Instruments and controls
Lighting panel, Manually unlocking the fuel filler door
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E - Rear fog light
By design, there is one rear fog light only, located in the driver's side tail light cluster.
The rear fog light is considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when
conditions such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce visibility for other vehicles to less than 500 ft
(150 meters).
A light in the switch indicates when the rear fog light is on.
The rear fog light will only function in combination with the high/low beam headlights.
Panel on passenger's side of cargo area
Manually unlocking the fuel filler door
1. Open the upper and lower sections of the tailgate, and fold up the rear section of the cargo area floor.
2. If the vehicle is equipped with the optional grocery bag holder, detach the holder's bands.
3. Remove the corner panel (1) from the floor of the cargo area.
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4. Open the cover (2) in the side panel by pulling the tab (3) upward/outward.
5. Pull down the insulating material (4) to access the fuel filler door motor (5).
6. Move the catch (6) rearward to unlock the fuel filler door lock, or move it forward to lock the filler
door.
pg. 35 Instruments and controls
Turn signals, Steering wheel adjustment
1. Lane change position
In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever
to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.
2. Signal lever engaged for normal turns
3. High/low beam switch (headlights on).
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Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it.
Headlight flasher (headlights off).
Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is
released.
NOTE: If the turn signal indicator flashes faster than normal, check for a burned-out turn signal bulb.
4. Exterior courtesy lights.
Home safe lighting
When you leave your vehicle at night, you can make use of the courtesy lighting function:
● Remove the key from the ignition switch.
● Pull the turn signal lever towards the steering wheel (as when using the headlight flasher function).
● Exit the vehicle and lock the doors.
The headlights, parking lights, license plate lights and the lights in the sideview mirrors will now come
on and remain on for 30, 60 or 90 seconds (the time interval is at your discretion and can be changed by
an authorized Volvo retailer).
Approach lighting
When approaching the vehicle at night, press the yellow button in the central locking remote control (see
illustration on page 77). This lights up the interior courtesy lights, parking lights, license plate lights and
the lights in the sideview mirrors.
Steering wheel adjustment
Both the height and the reach of the steering wheel can be adjusted to a comfortable position for the
driver. Pull down the lever on the left of the steering column. Adjust the steering wheel to a suitable
position and press the lever back into place to lock the steering wheel in the new position. Check that the
steering wheel is locked in the new position.
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WARNING!
The Never adjust the steering wheel while
driving.
pg. 36 Instruments and controls
Windshield wipers
Windshield wipers off
If the lever is in the 0 position and you move it upwards, the wipers will sweep one stroke at a time for
as long as you hold the lever up.
"Single sweep" position
Move the lever slightly upward from the 0 position for one sweep of the wipers. The lever return
automatically to 0 when released.
Intermittent wiper function
With the lever in this position, you can set the wiper interval by twisting ring (1) upward to increase
wiper speed or downward to decrease the speed.
Rain sensor (option)
The rain sensor automatically regulates wiper speed according to the amount of water on the windshield.
The sensitivity of the sensor can be adjusted by twisting ring 1 up (the wipers will sweep the windshield
more frequently) or down (the wipers will sweep the windshield less frequently).
Activating the rain sensor :
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1. Turn the ignition key to at least position I and put the windshield wiper lever in position 0.
2. Press button 2. An LED in the button will light up to indicate that the rain sensor is active.
Deactivating the rain sensor:
● Press button 2. or
● Move the windshield wiper lever down to another position. Moving the lever up will not deactivate
the rain sensor. Doing so will cause the wipers to sweep the windshield until the lever is released, at
which time the wipers return to rain sensor mode.
The rain sensor is also deactivated when the key is removed from the ignition.
CAUTION
The rain sensor should be deactivated when washing the car in an automatic car wash, etc. If the rain
sensor function is left on, the wipers will start inadvertently in the car wash and could be damaged.
Wipers operate at "normal" speed
Wipers operate at "high" speed
3 - Windshield washer/headlight washer (certain models)
Pull the lever toward you and release it. High pressure jets mounted in the bumper will spray the
headlights.
NOTE:
● To conserve washer fluid in driving conditions where the windshield washers are used frequently, the
headlights will only be washed once for every five times the windshield is washed within a 10- minute
period.
● When approximately 1 US quart (1 liter) remains in the washer fluid reservoir, the rear window and
headlights will not be washed when the lever is pulled to conserve washer fluid for the windshield.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 37 Instruments and controls
Tailgate wiper/washer, Water repellant glass
Tailgate wiper/washer
A - Intermittent wiping
B - Normal wiping
Move the lever forward to start the tailgate washer.
Tailgate wiper and reverse gear
If the front wipers are on and the car is put into reverse gear, then the tailgate wiper will go into
intermittent wiping function*.
If the tailgate wiper is already in normal wiping function, the normal wiping function will continue.
* Consult your Volvo retailer if you would like to have this function deactivated.
Water repellent glass (sideview mirrors) - option
The sideview mirrors may be treated with a water repellent coating. This improves vision by causing
water to run off quickly. See page 131 for information on cleaning this type of glass.
CAUTION:
- Use only suitable plastic scrapers to remove ice or snow from the mirrors. Using a metal ice scraper
could damage the water repellent coating.
- Use the heating function to remove ice, snow, or mist from the mirrors
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pg. 38 Instruments and controls
Hazard warning flashers, rear window/sideview mirror
defroster, heated front seats
Hazard warning flashers
The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard. To activate
the flashers, press the triangular button in the center dash. Press the button again to turn off the flashers.
NOTE: Regulations regarding the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary, depending on where you
live.
Sideview mirror and rear window defroster
Press the switch to start heating the rear window and sideview mirrors to remove ice or condensation.
An LED in the switch will light up.
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A timer automatically switches off the heating to the sideview mirrors after approximately 4 minutes and
to the rear window after approximately 12 minutes. The LED will go out correspondingly.
Heated front seats (option)
●
●
●
●
The front seat heating can be switched on and off as required.
Press the switch once for maximum seat heating. Both LED's in the switch will be lit.
Press the switch a second time for comfort heating. One LED in the switch will be lit.
Press the switch a third time to turn the heating off completely.
The seat heating for the passenger seat should be switched off when the seat is not occupied.
pg. 39 Instruments and controls
Trip computer (option)
The trip computer stores information gathered from several systems in your vehicle and has four menus
that can be displayed in the text window.
● Driving distance on current fuel reserve
● Average fuel consumption
● Current fuel consumption
● Average speed
● Current speed in mph (Canadian models only)
NOTE: Warning messages from the vehicle's monitoring systems will override the trip computer
function. If a warning message is displayed in the text window while you are using the trip computer,
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you must acknowledge the message by pressing button A. Press button A again to return to the trip
computer function.
Trip computer controls and functions.
The four* trip computer functions can be accessed by twisting control B one step at a time in either
direction. Twisting a fifth** time returns you to the original function.
The trip computer can be reset (current data will be erased from system memory) by pressing RESET
(button C).
1. Driving distance on current fuel reserve
This function shows the approximate distance that can be driven on the fuel remaining in the tank. This
calculation is based on average fuel consumption during the last 12 miles (20 km) of driving and the
amount of fuel remaining in the tank when the reading was taken.
When the driving distance on current fuel reserve is less than 12 miles (20 km), "----" will be displayed
in the text window.
2. Average fuel consumption
This value indicates fuel consumption since the last time the trip computer was reset (by pressing
RESET, button C). When the engine is switched off, information on fuel consumption is stored and
remains in system memory until the RESET (button C) is pressed again.
3. Current fuel consumption
This value indicates the current fuel consumption, based on readings taken once per second. When the
vehicle is not moving, "----" will be displayed.
4. Average speed
This value indicates average speed since the last time the trip computer was reset (by pressing RESET,
button C). When the engine is switched off, information on average speed is stored and remains in
system memory until the RESET (button C) is pressed again.
5. Current speed in miles per hour (Canadian models only)
This function provides the driver with an instantaneous conversion of the vehicle's current speed from
km/h to mph.
NOTE: Trip computer readings may vary slightly depending on the circumference of the tires on the
vehicle.
* Five functions on Canadian models
** A sixth time on Canadian models
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pg. 40 Instruments and controls
Cruise control
Cruise control
The cruise control panel is located on the left side of the steering wheel hub.
Engaging cruise control
Press the CRUISE button. CRUISE will be displayed in the information window in the instrument panel.
NOTE: This does not set the vehicle's speed.
Setting speed
Press + or - to set the current speed. CRUISE ON will be displayed in the information window in the
instrument panel.
Increasing or decreasing speed
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Use + or - in the following ways to increase or decrease the vehicle's speed:
● Press and hold down + or - until the vehicle reaches the desired speed.
● Press + or - for approximately a half second and release the button to increase or decrease vehicle
speed by approximately 1 mph (1.6 km/h).
NOTE: Cruise control will not function at speeds below approximately 20 mph (30 km/h).
Braking
● Cruise control is automatically disengaged when the brake pedal is depressed. The currently set speed
is stored in memory.
● Pressing resume
will return the vehicle to the previously set speed.
Acceleration
Momentary acceleration, such as when passing another vehicle, does not affect cruise control operation.
The vehicle will automatically return to the previously set speed when you release the accelerator pedal.
Disengaging cruise control
To disengage cruise control, press the CRUISE button. CRUISE or CRUISE-ON will no longer be
displayed in the information window in the instrument panel.
NOTE: Cruise control is automatically disengaged if:
● the engine is switched off
● the gear selector is placed in (N)eutral
● the wheels start to spin or lock
● if an increase in speed is maintained for more than one minute
● if the vehicle's speed falls below approximately 20 mph (30 km/h).
Temporarily disengaging cruise control
● Press 0 to temporarily disengage cruise control. CRUISE will be displayed in the information window
in the instrument panel.
● Press the brake pedal.
pg. 41 Instruments and controls
Press "resume"
to return to the previously set speed.
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WARNING!
The Cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery roads, or
when driving on unpaved or uneven road surfaces. Cruise control may not maintain set speed on steep
downgrades.
pg. 42 Instruments and controls
Parking brake, Opening/closing the hood
Parking brake
● To apply the parking brake, press the pedal (C). The brake is applied to the rear wheels. The indicator
light in the instrument panel will light up to indicate that the parking brake is applied.
NOTE: There is also an audible signal that will sound if the car is driven with the parking brake
engaged.
● Release the parking brake pulling out the lower edge of the release handle (A).
● If you inadvertently pull the plastic cover (B), it can be pressed back into place.
WARNING!
Always use the parking brake when parking. On hills, also turn the front wheels toward the curb.The
indicator light in the instrument panel will light up even if the parking brake is applied only slightly.
Be sure to press down on the pedal sufficiently.
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Opening the hood
Opening/closing the hood
1. Pull the lever (1) located under the left side of the dashboard to release the hood lock.
2. Lift the hood slightly.
3. Press up the release control (2) located under the front edge of the hood and lift.
To close the hood, place your hand on it and press down until the hood locks in the closed position.
WARNING!
Do not grasp the ribs in the grille when closing the hood. If your fingers protrude through the
grille, they could be injured on components in the engine compartment as the grille closes. We
recommend pressing down on the hood to close it.
● Check that the hood locks properly when closed!
●
pg. 43 Instruments and controls
Opening the tailgate, Auxiliary 12-volt sockets
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Opening the tailgate
To open the upper section of the tailgate, pull the handle (A) downward.
To fold down the lower section of the tailgate, pull handle (B) upward.
12-volt socket at the rear of the center console (option)
Auxiliary 12-volt sockets
These 12 volt sockets can be used to plug in certain accessories such as cellular telephones, etc.
12-volt socket in the cargo compartment
Fold down the lid to use the socket.
NOTE!
● If the 12-volt sockets are used while the engine is not running, there is a risk that the vehicle's battery
will be discharged.
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12-volt socket in the cargo compartment
● If the ignition is switched off and a device drawing more than 0.1A is connected to a socket, a battery
warning will be displayed in the text window.
● The covers should be kept on when the auxiliary sockets are not in use.
● Maximum current from the sockets is 15A.
Ashtrays/cigarette lighter
The auxiliary sockets can also be used for cigarette lighters.
Ashtrays and lighters are available as accessories. Please contact your Volvo retailer.
pg. 44 Instruments and controls
Electrically operated windows
The electrically operated windows are controlled by buttons in the arm rests.
● The ignition switch must be ON* (ignition key in position I, II or the engine running) for the
electrically operated windows to function.
● To lower: Press down the front edge of the button to the first detent ("stop").
● To raise: Lightly pull up the front edge of the button to the first detent ("stop").
* The electrically operated windows will also function after the ignition has been switched off as long as
neither of the front doors has been opened.
Auto up/down function (front doors only):
Either front door window can be opened or closed automatically.
Auto down: Press the front part of the button as far down as possible and release it immediately. To
stop the window at any time, pull the button up.
Auto up: Pull the front part of the button up as far as possible and release it immediately. To stop the
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window at any time, press the button down.
A - front windows, B - rear windows
NOTE: If a window is obstructed during auto-up, it will automatically reverse direction and return to its
starting position. If a window is repeatedly obstructed during auto-up operation, an overload protection
circuit breaker will temporarily halt window function. The window will return to normal function after a
brief cool-down period.
WARNING!
Always remove the ignition key when the vehicle is unattended.
● Make sure that childrens' hands are clear before raising the
windows.
● Never leave children unattended in the vehicle.
●
pg. 45 Instruments and controls
Lockout switch for rear windows
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Lockout switch for rear windows
The electrically operated rear door windows can be disabled by a switch located on the driver's door (see
illustration).
If the light in the switch is OFF: The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the buttons on
the rear door armrests or with the buttons on the driver's door armrest.
If the light in the switch is ON: The rear door windows can only be raised or lowered with the buttons
on the driver's door armrest.
Electrically operated window in the front passenger's seat
The control for the electrically operated window in the front passenger's seat operates that window only.
Electrically operated windows in the rear doors.
The rear door windows can be operated with the control on each door and the switch on the driver's
door. If the light in the switch for blocking electrically operated windows in the rear doors (located in
the driver's door control panel) is on, the rear door windows can only be operated from the driver's door.
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pg. 46 Instruments and controls
Rearview mirror/power folding sideview mirrors
Rearview mirror
A Normal position
B Night position, reduces glare from following headlights
Autodim function (option)
The autodim function reacts to headlights from following traffic and automatically reduces glare.
NOTE: The autodim function is automatically switched off when the gear selector is placed in the
Reverse position.
Electrically operated sideview mirrors
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The mirror control switches are located on the driver's door armrest.
Driver's side: Press the L button (a light in the switch will go on) to activate the adjustment control. Use
this control to adjust the driver's door mirror.
Passenger's side: Press the R switch (a light in the switch will go on) to activate the adjustment control.
Use this control to adjust the passenger's door mirror.
CAUTION:
Use the mirror heating function (see page 53) to remove ice or snow from the mirrors. An ice scraper
could damage the surface of the mirror.
After you have adjusted the mirror(s), press the L or R switch again (the LED will go out) to deactivate
the adjustment control.
WARNING!
The mirrors should always be adjusted prior to driving. Objects seen in the passenger's side wideangle sideview mirror are closer than they appear to be.
Mirror memory function (with the central locking system) - option
If you lock the vehicle and later unlock it with the same remote control and open the driver's door, the
sideview mirrors (and the driver's seat) will automatically move to the position they were in when you
left the vehicle. This feature will work in the same way with all of the remote control transmitters (up to
3) that you use with your vehicle. This feature will not function if you lock your vehicle with the key.
pg. 47 Instruments and controls
Power moonroof (option)
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Power moonroof
To operate the moonroof, turn the ignition key to position I or II, or start the engine. The moonroof can
be operated in two ways:
A. Tilt position
B. Sliding moonroof
A. Tilt position
Open: With the moonroof closed, push up the rear edge of the switch (position 5 in the illustration
below).
Close: Pull down and hold the rear edge of the switch (position 6 in the illustration below) until the
moonroof has closed completely.
B. Sliding moonroof
Manual open: Pull the switch rearward to position 3 and hold it until the moonroof has opened to the
position of your choice.
Auto open: Pull the switch as far back as possible (position 4) and release it to automatically slide open
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the moonroof to the "comfort"* position. Pull the switch rearward again to open the moonroof
completely.
Manual close: Push the switch to position 2 and hold it until the moonroof has closed completely or to
the position of your choice.
Auto close: Push the switch forward as far as possible (position 1) and release it to automatically close
the moonroof.
CAUTION
Remove ice and snow before opening the
moonroof.
● Do not operate the moonroof if it is frozen closed.
● Never place heavy objects on the moonroof.
●
WARNING!
Never open/close the moonroof if it is obstructed in any way when in operation.
● Never allow a child to operate the moonroof.
● Never extend any object or body part though the open moonroof, even if the vehicle's ignition is
completely switched off.
● Never leave a child alone in a vehicle.
●
* A position where the moonroof is not quite fully open, which helps alleviate "rumbling" wind noise.
pg. 48 Instruments and controls
If the moonroof is obstructed during auto-close operation, it will automatically reverse direction and
return to its starting position. If the moonroof is repeatedly obstructed during auto-close operation, an
overload circuit breaker will temporarily halt moonroof function. The moonroof will return to normal
function after a brief cool-down period.
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Visor
The optional moonroof also features a sliding visor. The visor slides open automatically when the
moonroof is opened, and must be closed manually.
Contents | Top of Page
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2005
VOLVO
XC90
Climate control
pg. 49 Climate control
Climate control system-general information 50
Air distribution 51
Electronic Climate Control (ECC) 52
pg. 50 Climate control
Climate control system-general information
Condensation on the inside of the windows
Keeping the insides of the windows clean will help reduce the amount of condensation that forms on the
windows. Use a commercial window cleaning agent to clean the windows.
Ice and snow
Always keep the air intake grille at the base of the windshield free of snow.
Cabin air filter
Replace the cabin air filter with a new one at the recommended intervals. Please refer to your Warranty and
Service Records Information booklet, or consult your Volvo retailer for these intervals. The filter should be
replaced more often when driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and
therefore should always be replaced with a new one.
Sensors
The sunlight sensor on the dashboard and passenger compartment temperature sensor in the ECC control
panel should not be covered in any way as this could cause incorrect information to be sent to the ECC
system.
Parking the vehicle in warm weather
If your vehicle has been parked in the sun in warm weather, opening the windows and moonroof (option) for
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several minutes before driving will help release the warm air from the passenger compartment. When the
engine is running, close the windows and moonroof and use the recirculation function for several minutes to
enable the air conditioning to cool the compartment as quickly as possible.
Windows and optional moonroof
The ECC system will function best if the windows and optional moonroof are closed. If you drive with the
moonroof open, we recommend that you manually adjust the temperature and blower control (the LED in
the AUTO switch should be off).
Acceleration
The air conditioning is momentarily disengaged during full-throttle acceleration.
Climate control maintenance
All maintenance on the climate control systems should be carried out by an authorized Volvo service
technician only.
Refrigerant
Volvo cares about the environment. The air conditioning system in your vehicle contains a CFC-free
refrigerant - R134a (HFC134a). This substance will not deplete the ozone layer. The system contains 2.2 lbs
(1000 g) R134a and uses PAG oil.
Passenger compartment blower
Approximately 50 minutes after the ignition is turned off, the blower may come on automatically, and run
for seven minutes, to remove condensation in the A/C evaporator.
Blower function to reduce battery drain
The climate system's blower functions normally while the engine is running.
However, when the engine is switched off (even if the ignition is switched to positions I or II), the blower
control will be automatically switched off to avoid unnecessary battery drain.
The following points pertain if the ignition key is on but the engine is not running:
●
●
To restart the blower, turn the control knob to the setting of your choice.
After approximately 2 minutes, the blower speed will be reduced to avoid battery drain.
You can reset the blower speed at any time. Please be aware that the system has been designed to reduce the
blower's speed again after 2 minutes, until the engine is started. If the battery becomes drained:
● LOW BATTERY, FAN IS REDUCED will be displayed in the text window in the instrument panel.
● The yellow warning light in the instrument panel (see page 27) will also light up.
pg. 51 Climate control
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Air distribution
Air distribution
The incoming air is distributed through the ventilation points in the passenger compartment shown above.
Air vents in the dash
A Open
B Closed
C Horizontal air flow
D Vertical air flow
● Direct the outer air vents toward the side windows to defrost.
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Air vents in the door pillars
A Open
B Closed
C Horizontal air flow
D Vertical air flow
● Direct the outer air vents toward the side windows to defrost.
pg. 52 Climate control
Electronic Climate Control (ECC)
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pg. 53 Climate control
AUTO
This function automatically regulates the Electronic Climate Control system so that the selected
temperatures are maintained. The blower, heating, air distribution (air flow) and air conditioning are
controlled.
If you prefer to manually set any of these functions, the remaining functions will still be controlled
automatically. Pressing the AUTO button overrides any settings that were previously made manually.
Rear window and sideview mirror defrosters
This function defrosts/de-ices the rear window and sideview mirrors. The LED in the switch will light up to
indicate that the heating function is engaged. See page 38 for additional information on this function.
Never use ice scrapers made of metal as the can easily scratch the mirror surface.
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Temperature
These controls are used to individually set the temperature for both sides of the passenger compartment.
Please note that the compartment will not be heated or cooled faster by setting the temperature higher or
lower than necessary.
Set the control to the temperature you prefer.
Defroster
This function defrosts/de-ices the windshield and front side windows. The LED in the switch will light up to
indicate that the defrost function is engaged. Blower speed increases automatically and the air in the
passenger compartment is dehumidified. Recirculation will not function while defrost is engaged.
Blower control*
Turn the control clockwise to increase or counterclockwise to decrease the blower speed. Pressing the
AUTO switch will automatically regulate blower speed and override manual adjustment.
NOTE: Turning the blower control counterclockwise until an orange LED comes on will turn both the
blower and the air conditioning off.
* See also page 50.
Blower control for rear climate system (option)
Turn the control to increase or decrease blower speed.
pg. 54 Climate control
Electronic Climate Control (ECC) (contd)
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Air distribution
Press AUTO to automatically regulate air flow or press any combination of the controls shown in the
illustration to manually adjust air flow. An LED in the switch will light up if an air flow control has been
pressed.
Heated front seats (option)
●
●
●
Press the switch once for maximum seat heating. Both LEDs in the switch will be lit.
Press the switch a second time for comfort heating. One LED in the switch will be lit.
Press the switch a third time to turn the heating off completely. The LED will go off.
The seat heating for the passenger seat should be switched off when the seat is not occupied.
A/C - ON/OFF
Press the switch to turn the air conditioning on or off. The "ON" or "OFF" LED will light up to indicate if
the system is switched on or off. Other functions will still be regulated automatically (if the AUTO switch is
on).
● The air conditioning functions only at temperatures above 32° F (0° C).
● While the Defroster function is selected, the air conditioning is temporarily activated to dehumidify the
air, even if you have manually switched the air conditioning off. This will only function if the blower is not
switched off.
Recirculation
Press this switch to engage the recirculation function (air in the passenger compartment recirculates - no
fresh air enters the compartment). The LED in the switch will light up to indicate that the function is
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engaged.
● Use this function if the outside air is contaminated with exhaust gases, smoke, etc or to heat/cool the
vehicle quickly.
● Recirculation should not be used for more than 15 minutes. If your windows begin to fog or mist, make
sure that the recirculation function is switched off.
● Selecting Defroster automatically switches recirculation off.
● Timer mode activation: (Vehicles equipped with the Interior Air Quality System have no timer mode)
Press and hold the recirculation button for at least 3 seconds to activate a recirculation timer mode. The
amber LED in the recirculation button will flash 5 times to show that the timer mode is being activated. In
timer mode, each time the recirculation button is pressed, the climate control system will recirculate the air
in the passenger compartment for 5-12 minutes, depending on the outside air temperature, and then revert
back to fresh air.
● Timer mode deactivation: Press and hold the recirculation button for 3 seconds. The amber LED in the
recirculation button will illuminate steadily for 5 seconds to show a return to "normal" mode.
pg. 55 Climate control
In normal mode, when the recirculation button is pressed, the climate control system will recirculate the
air in the passenger compartment until the recirculation button is pressed again.
● Timer mode memory: If the vehicle is turned off while timer mode is active, timer mode will still be
active when the vehicle is restarted.
●
Interior Air Quality sensor (option)
Some vehicles are equipped with a multifilter and air quality sensor. The filter separates gases and particles,
thereby reducing the amounts of odors and contaminants entering the vehicle. The air quality sensor detects
increased levels of contaminants in the outside air. When the air quality sensor detects contaminated outside
air, the air intake closes and the air inside the passenger compartment is recirculated, i.e. no outside air
enters the vehicle. The filter also cleans recirculated passenger compartment air.
.
When the ECC system is in the AUTO mode, the green LED will be on
Operation
Press
to operate the Air Quality sensor (normal setting).
Or:
1, 2 or 3 times.
Select one of the following three functions by pressing
1. The AUT LED lights. The Air Quality sensor is now activated.
2. No LED lights. Recirculation is not activated unless needed to cool the passenger compartment in a warm
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climate.
3. The MAN LED lights. Recirculation is now activated.
Keep in mind the following:
● Make it a rule to have the Air Quality sensor activated at all times.
● Recirculation is limited in cold climates to avoid fogging.
● If window fogging occurs, you should deactivate the Air Quality sensor.
● If fogging occurs, use the defroster functions for the windshield, side windows and rear window. See page
53.
● The filter should be changed at the intervals recommended in the maintenance schedule. However, if the
vehicle is used in a severely contaminated environment, it may be necessary to change the filter more
frequently.
pg. 56 Climate control
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Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Interior
pg. 57 Interior
Front seats 58
Rear seats 62
Interior lighting 65
Floor mats 66
Storage compartments 67
Securing cargo 71
pg. 58 Interior
Front seats
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Manually adjusted front seats
1. Front-rear adjustment: lift the bar and move the seat to the position of your choice.
2. Raise/lower the front edge of the seat cushion (option): use the control to pump the front edge of the
cushion up or down.
3. Raise/lower seat height: pump the seat up or down.
4. Lumbar support: turn the control for firmer or softer lumbar support.
5. Backrest tilt: turn the control to adjust the angle of the backrest.
6. Control panel for optional power seat (see page 60 for more information).
WARNING!
- Do not adjust the seat while driving. The seat should be adjusted so that the brake pedal can be
depressed fully. In addition, position the seat as far rearward as comfort and control allow.
- Check that the seat is securely locked into position after adjusting.
pg. 59 Interior
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Folding the backrests in the front seat
The front passenger seat backrest can be folded to a horizontal position to make room for a long load.
Fold the backrest as follows:
●
●
●
●
●
Move the seat as far back as possible.
Adjust the backrest to the upright position.
Lift the catches on the rear of the backrest.
Without releasing the catches, push the backrest forward.
Move the seat as far forward as possible so that the head restraint slides under the glove compartment.
WARNING!
Cover sharp edges on the load to help prevent injury to occupants. Secure the load to help prevent
shifting during sudden stops.
pg. 60 Interior
Front seats (contd)
Power seat
Operation
Driver's seat: The seat can be adjusted if the ignition key is in position I, II or if the engine is running.
It can also be adjusted as follows with the ignition off:
● Within approximately 4 minutes after the driver's door has been unlocked from the outside and has
been opened and remains open.
● Within 40 seconds, if the driver's door has just been closed.
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●
Within 40 seconds, if the driver's door has not been opened after the ignition has been switched off.
Passenger seat: The seat can only be adjusted if the ignition key is in position I, II or if the engine is
running.
Seat adjustment
Adjust the power seat(s) with the two controls at the side of the seat as follows:
1 - Front edge of seat (raise/lower)
2 - Forward - rearward
3 - Rear edge of seat (raise/lower)
4 - Backrest tilt
Power seat adjustment controls
The power seats have an overload protector that activates if a seat is blocked by any object. If this
occurs, switch off the ignition (key in position 0) and wait about 20 seconds before operating the seat
again.
Emergency stop
If the seat accidentally begins to move, press any of the buttons to stop the seat.
NOTE: Please refer to the following page for information on programming the memory function in the
driver's seat.
Power seat adjustment controls
Remote keyless entry system and driver's seat
The remote control transmitter also controls the electrically operated driver's seat in the following way:
● Adjust the seat to your preferences.
● When you leave your vehicle, lock it using the remote control.
The position of the seat is now stored in the remote control.
Automatic seat adjustment
To move the seat to the position in which you left it:
1. Unlock the driver's door with the same remote control (the one used to lock the doors)
2. Open the driver's door within 2 minutes. The driver's seat will automatically move to the position in
which you left it.
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NOTE:
● The seat will move to this position even if someone else has moved it to a different seating position
and locked the car with a different remote control.
● This feature will work in the same way with all of the remote control transmitters (up to 3) that you
use with your vehicle.
● This feature will not function if your lock your vehicle with the key.
pg. 61 Interior
WARNING!
- Because the driver's seat can be adjusted with the ignition off, children should never be left
unattended in the vehicle.
- Movement of the seat can be STOPPED at any time by pressing any button on the power seat
control panel.
- Do not adjust the seat while driving.
- The seat should be adjusted so that the brake pedal can be depressed fully. In addition, position the
seat as far rearward as comfort and control allow.
- The seat rails on the floor must not be obstructed in any way when the seat is in motion.
Programming the memory
Three different seating and door mirror positions can be stored in the driver seat's memory.
The following example explains how button 1 can be programmed.
Buttons 2 and 3 can be programmed in the same way.
To program (store) a seat position in button 1:
1. Move the seat to the desired position using the seat adjustment controls (see the previous page).
2. Press and hold down the MEM (memory) button.
3. With the MEM button depressed, press button 1 briefly to store the seat's current position.
To move the seat to the position that it was in when button 1 was programmed:
Press and hold down button 1 until the seat stops moving.
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As a safety precaution, the seat will stop automatically if the button is released before the seat has
reached the preset position.
pg. 62 Interior
Rear seats
Entering the optional third row of seats
Tilting the outboard backrests in the second row of the seats:
Pull up the handle (1), hold it up, and tilt the backrest forward to move the seat.
Return the backrest to the upright position to slide the seat back to its original position.
Forward/rearward seat adjustment
Lift the adjustment bar (2) to move the seat forward or rearward.
Removing the center console (seven-seat models only)
In order to make it possible to move the center seat in the second row of seats as far forward as possible
(seven-seat models only), the rear section of the center console can be removed.
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●
●
Pull the handle (see illustration above) and lift out the console.
To return the console to its original position, slide it back into position until it clicks into place.
Sliding center seat - second row (seven-seat models only)
The center seat in the second row can be moved farther forward than the outboard seats. This makes it
possible for a child seated in this position to sit closer to the people in the front seats.
pg. 63 Interior
Head restraint - second row, center position
The head restraint in the center position can be adjusted to 4 different heights.
To raise - pull the restraint up until it clicks into one of the four heights positions.
To lower - press the button at the base of the support (see illustration above) and press the head restraint
down.
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WARNING!
- Please note that the lowest head restraint position is only intended for use when the backrest is to be
folded down, or when the seat is not occupied.
- The head restraint is intended to help protect the head/neck in a collision. Ensure that it is properly
adjusted for the occupant of the seat.
pg. 64 Interior
Rear seats (contd)
Folding the backrests - second row of seats
1. Move the seat(s) to their rearmost position (seven-seat models only).
2. Pull the loop (A) to fold down an outboard head restraint. Press down the center head restraint if
necessary (see page 63).
3. Pull the handle (B) outward to release the backrest. The backrests are designed to lock at a 45 degree
angle. Pull the handle again to continue pressing it down until it locks in the horizontal position.
To return the backrests to the upright position, pull handle B and pull the backrest up.
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Folding the backrests - third row of seats (option)
Folding down the backrest
If necessary, fold in the load anchorage eyelets before folding down the backrests.
1. Move the seats in the second row forward, see page 62.
2. Pull up the handle in illustration 1 above.
3. Push the seat cushion firmly rearward, under the backrest.
4. Fold down the backrests* (the head restraints fold down automatically) to the horizontal position.
Returning the backrest to the upright position
● Fold up the backrest to the upright position.
● Grasp the strap (see illustration 3 above) and pull the seat cushion out until it locks in place. This also
locks the backrest in the upright position.
* Please note that the head restraints in this row cannot be vertically adjusted.
pg. 65 Interior
Interior lighting
Courtesy light/front reading lights
The courtesy/reading lights can be turned on or off by pressing the respective buttons.
The courtesy light has a timer function which turns the light1 on for 30 seconds if:
● You unlock the vehicle from the outside with the key or remote control.
● You switch off the ignition (turn the key to position 0).
The courtesy light stays on for 10 minutes if one of the doors is left open after the vehicle is unlocked.
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The courtesy light switches off if:
● The engine is started.
● The vehicle is locked from the outside with the key or remote control.
The courtesy light can be switched off or on in all situations by briefly pressing the button.
When you switch the light on, it remains lit for 10 minutes.
You can disconnect the automatic function by pressing the courtesy light button for more than 3
seconds. Briefly pressing the courtesy light button again automatically reconnects the function.
The courtesy light timer periods can be changed. Contact your Volvo retailer.
Rear reading lights
● The reading lights can be switched on or off by pressing the respective buttons.
● Seven-seat models: Both reading lights for the third row of seats will switch on if one of the buttons
is pressed.
● The reading lights switch off automatically after 10 minutes if the engine is not running.
● The lights can be switched off at any time by pressing the button.
1. In dark conditions
pg. 66 Interior
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Vanity mirror
The light comes on when you open the cover.
Floor Mats
Volvo offers floor mats specially manufactured for your vehicle. They must be properly placed and
secured in the mat clips.
WARNING!
An extra mat on the driver's floor can cause the accelerator pedal to catch. Check that the movement
of the accelerator pedal is not impeded. No more than one protective floor covering may be used at
one time.
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pg. 67 Interior
Storage compartments
pg. 68 Interior
Storage compartments (contd)
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Storage compartment in the center console
To open the lid on the storage compartment, press the lower edge of the opening latch (see illustration above). This lid can
be folded back to form a small table area for rear seat passengers.
Lift the tray under the lid to expose the deep storage bin with slots for CD storage.
Cup holders for the front seats
Two cup holders are provided for the front seat occupants. Press lightly on the rear edge of the cover to open it.
Ashtray (accessory)
An ashtray insert is available from your Volvo retailer. This insert slides into either of the cup holders.
Pen holder
There is a pen holder in the center console, in front of the gear selector.
pg. 69 Interior
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Storage compartment in rear side of center console
Grasp the upper edge of cover and pull to open this compartment.
Ashtray (accessory)
An ashtray insert is available from your Volvo retailer.
Cup holders for the rear seats
Grasp the lower edge of the panel to pull out the cup holders in the rear side of the center console.
● The cup holder insert can be removed to provide space for a large plastic bottle. Pull the insert straight up to remove it.
Press down to reinsert it.
●
Glove compartment
The glove compartment can be used to store things such as the owner's manual, maps, pens, etc.
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pg. 70 Interior
Storage compartments (contd)
Coat hanger
Use the coat hanger for light jackets, etc.`
Storage space between rear seats (seven-seat models) - option
This storage space provides compartments for pens or other small items.
Rear side storage compartments and cup holders (seven-seat models)
Lift the lid to access the storage compartment.
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pg. 71 Interior
Securing cargo
Securing cargo
As a safety precaution, all cargo in your vehicle should be securely anchored to keep it from being thrown forward in the
event of sudden braking, etc. The vehicle is equipped with eyelets in the cargo space to which straps or other cargo
restraints can be attached.
WARNING!
The eyelets are not to be used as passenger restraints or as anchorages for child
restraints.
Consult your Volvo retailer about suitable accessories for this purpose.
Remember that an object weighing 44 lbs (20 kg) produces a force of 2,200 lbs (1,000 kg) in a head-on collision at 30
mph (50 km/h)!
Keep the following in mind when loading the vehicle:
The load carrying capacity of your vehicle is determined by factors such as the number of passengers, the amount of
cargo, the weight of any accessories that may be installed, etc. See the section "Vehicle loading" in the chapter "Wheel and
tires" for more detailed information.
● Load the cargo against the backrest.
● Load heavy cargo as low as possible.
● If no one is sitting in the outboard rear seat(s), reinforce the backrest by fastening the seat belts.
● Never load cargo above the backrest without a cargo net.
●
WARNING!
When the rear backrest(s) are folded down, the vehicle should not be loaded to a level higher than 2 in. (5 cm) below the
upper edge of the rear side windows. Objects placed higher than this level could impede the function of the Inflatable
Curtain.
pg. 72 Interior
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Nylon cargo net (option)
The Volvo XC90 can be equipped with a cargo net made of strong nylon fabric.
This net can be installed in two places:
● Behind the rear seat backrests (the second row of seats in seven-seat models)
● Behind the front seat backrests if the rear seat backrests (the second row of seats in seven-seat models) have been folded
down.
If the vehicle is equipped with the cargo area cover, lift the cover out of the vehicle before installing the cargo net.
1. The upper and lower rods of the cargo net are hinged. Position the rods so that they are straight and lock in position.
2. Insert the end of the upper rod in one of the attachment brackets (see illustration above).
3. Insert the other end of the rod in the attachment bracket on the opposite side of the vehicle.
4. Attach the lower straps to the eyelets on the floor if the net has been installed in the rear attachment brackets.
Use the eyelets in the front seat rails if the net has been installed in the forward attachment brackets.
NOTE: On seven-seat models: When using the net in the rear attachment brackets, be sure it is installed in front of the side
armrests.
5. Adjust the straps to pull the net taut.
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Folding and storing the cargo net
Press the release buttons on the hinges (1 in the illustration above) and fold the net.
The cargo net can be stored under the floor of the cargo area on five-seat models.
WARNING!
Be sure the cargo net is properly inserted in the attachment brackets and the straps are correctly attached to the eyelets
and pulled taut.
Do not use the net if it is damaged in any way.
When it is not in use, store the net so that it cannot be thrown forward in the event of sudden braking, etc.
pg. 73 Interior
Steel grid (accessory)
To install the grid:
Upper attachments
1. Lift in the grid through the tailgate or through one of the rear passenger doors (in this case, fold down the rear seat
backrests/backrests in second row of seats in seven-seat models).
2. Insert one of the grid's upper attachments into an attachment bracket above one of the rear passenger doors (see
illustration above).
3. Push the grid's attachment into the forward position in the attachment bracket (see inset illustration above) to lock the
attachment in place.
4. Insert the grid's other upper attachment in the attachment bracket above the opposite rear passenger door, and press the
attachment into the forward position in the attachment bracket to lock it in place.
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Lower attachments
1. Insert the lower attachment bracket through the steel grid's lower mount from underneath.
2. Install the spring on the attachment bracket and tighten the knob.
3. Secure the attachment bracket hook in the lower cargo eyelet. Turn the knob to tension the attachment bracket in the
cargo eyelet.
4. Repeat the operation on the opposite side.
5. Tighten both attachment brackets alternatively.
6. Place the protective caps on the threads above the knobs.
WARNING!
Seven-seat models:
- The backrests of the optional third row seats must be folded down when installing the steel grid.
- The steel grid is installed behind the second row of seats in seven-seat models. To avoid the risk of injury, no one
should be allowed to sit in the third row of seats when the steel grid is in place in the vehicle.
pg. 74 Interior
Securing cargo (contd)
Cargo area cover (option)
Installing the cargo area cover:
Press the end pieces of the cargo area cover down in the holders.
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Pull out the cargo area cover and hook it in the holes in the rear cargo area pillars (see illustration above).
Removing the cargo area cover:
Press the end pieces of the cover inward. Pull up and lift out.
Grocery bag holder (five-seat models only)
1. Fold down the lower section of the tailgate.
2. Fold up the rear section of the cargo compartment floor.
3. Hang or secure your grocery bags by means of the straps or holders.
Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Locks and Alarms
pg. 75 Locks and Alarms
Keys and remote controls 76
Locking and unlocking 79
Child safety locks 81
Alarm 82
pg. 76 Locks and Alarms
Keys and remote controls
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Keys
Two types of keys are provided with your vehicle; master keys and a service (valet) key. The master
key, the remote control, and the central locking button may all be used to lock and unlock all of your
vehicle's locks.
The service key will operate only the driver's door and the ignition switch. It is intended to help deter
unwanted entry into the glove compartment.
To use your keys:
●
●
●
●
Turn the key once to unlock the driver's door only.
Turn the key again (within 10 seconds) to unlock all doors and the tailgate.
One turn with the key towards lock in the drivers door locks all doors, tailgate.
Use the switch on the driver's door armrest to lock/unlock the vehicle from the inside.
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WARNING!
If the doors are locked while driving, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle in
the event of an accident. (Also see information on "Child safety locks").
NOTE: To help prevent accidentally locking the keys in the vehicle, the central locking system is
designed to unlock the doors immediately if the key is left in the ignition switch, the vehicle is locked
using the lock button on the door and the door is then closed. A sound from the lock will be audible at
this time.
Please note that this function will not unlock the doors if the engine is running.
Immobilizer (start inhibitor)
Each of the keys supplied with your vehicle contains a coded transmitter. The code in the key is
transmitted to an antenna in the ignition switch where it is compared to the code stored in the start
inhibitor module. The vehicle will start only with a properly coded key.
If you misplace a key, take the other keys to an authorized Volvo retailer for reprogramming as an
antitheft measure.
NOTE: If two of the keys to your vehicle are close together, e.g., on the same key ring, when you try to
start the vehicle, this could cause interference in the immobilizer system and result in the vehicle not
starting. If this should occur, remove one of the keys from the key ring before trying to start the vehicle
again.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following condition: (1)
This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
pg. 77 Locks and Alarms
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Remote controls
Your vehicle is equipped with two coded remote control transmitters with integrated ignition keys called
Key Integrated Remote (KIR). These transmitters use a radio frequency that will enable you to lock/
unlock all doors and the tailgate from a distance of 10-15 feet (3-5 meters).
The transmitters will also activate or allow "keyless" entry into the passenger compartment or the
tailgate. They will also activate or deactivate the vehicle's alarm system(s). The car can also be locked/
unlocked with the key.
If one of the transmitters is misplaced, contact your nearest authorized Volvo retailer for replacement.
Buttons in remote control:
1 -Fold key in/out, 2 - Lock, 3 - Approach lighting,
4 - "Panic" function, 5 - Unlock tailgate, 6 - Unlock
Using the remote control
Button 1: Press to extend the key. This button must also be pressed when the key is folded back into the
slot in the side of the remote control unit.
Button 2 (Lock): Press once to lock all doors, and the tailgate.
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Button 3 (Approach lighting): Press this button when approaching the car at night to light up the
interior courtesy light, parking lights, license plate lights and the lights in the sideview mirrors.
Button 4 (Panic): See page 82 for more information on this function.
Button 5 (Tailgate unlock): Press this button twice within 3 seconds to unlock the tailgate (without
unlocking the other doors).
Button 6 (Unlock): Press this button once to unlock the driver's door only. Wait for at least 1 second
and press the button again (within 10 seconds) to unlock all doors, and the tailgate.
NOTE:
● Airbag deployment will automatically unlock the doors.
● The keys may also be used to lock and unlock the doors, and to activate and deactivate the alarm
system.
● To avoid leaving your keys in the vehicle, make a habit of always locking the vehicle with the remote
control.
Automatic re-locking If the doors are unlocked, the locks will automatically reengage (re-lock) and the
alarm will rearm after 2 minutes unless a door or the tailgate has been opened.
Automatic locking (option)
The doors lock automatically when the vehicle's speed exceeds approximately 5 mph (7 km/h) and
remain locked a door is opened from the inside or until the car is unlocked with the remote.
pg. 78 Locks and Alarms
FCC ID:LQNP2T-APU This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to
the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
● Canadian 2306104388 Model 504 2927 by Donnelly Operation is subject to the following conditions:
(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including
interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.
● Canadian 2306104388A Model 509 977 by Connaught Electronics Operation is subject to the
following conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.
●
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WARNING!
Never use the transmitter to lock the doors from inside the vehicle.
Doing so would ACTIVATE:
- the break-in alarm, which would sound if one of the doors were opened
- the optional interior motion and inclination alarm sensors.
Doing so would DEACTIVATE:
- the moonroof and interior courtesy light controls.
- the central locking buttons on the front door armrests, although the interior door handles would still
function to allow occupants to leave the vehicle.
Disabled features would remain disabled until the remote were used again to unlock the vehicle.
In addition, locking an occupied vehicle would hinder rapid access to the occupants in an accident or
emergency.
Replacing the battery in the remote control
If the range of the transmitter is noticeably reduced, this indicates that the battery is weak and should be
replaced.
To replace the battery
1. Carefully pry open the rear edge of the cover with a small screwdriver.
2. Insert a new 3-volt, CR2032 battery, with the battery's plus side up. Avoid touching the contact
surfaces of the battery with your fingers.
3. Press the cover back into place. Ensure that the rubber seal is correctly positioned to help keep out
moisture.
NOTE: The old battery should be disposed of properly at a recycling center or at your Volvo retailer.
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pg. 79 Locks and Alarms
Locking and unlocking
Locking and unlocking the vehicle from the inside
The switch on the driver's door armrest can be used to lock or unlock all doors and the tailgate, and to
set the alarm.
Locking the glove compartment
The glove compartment can be locked with the master key.
pg. 80 Locks and Alarms
Locking and unlocking (contd)
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Unlocking the tailgate
The tailgate lock is incorporated in the central locking system and is locked or unlocked when all doors
are locked/unlocked.
The tailgate can be unlocked by:
● Pressing UNLOCK on the remote control twice.
● Using the central locking button on the driver's door.
● Pressing twice on the remote control's tailgate unlock button (see illustration above).
● Relock the tailgate using the remote's "Lock" button.
Automatic relocking:
● If you use the tailgate unlock button to unlock the tailgate without opening it, it will automatically
relock after approximately 2 minutes.
Note: If you open the tailgate and close it again, it will remain unlocked and the alarm will not be
rearmed. Press the lock button on the remote control to relock the tailgate and rearm the alarm.
pg. 81 Locks and Alarms
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Child safety locks
Manual child safety locks - rear doors/tailgate
The controls are located on the rear door jambs and at the lower edge of the tailgate. Use a key to adjust
these controls.
A The door/tailgate locks function normally.
B The door/tailgate cannot be opened from the inside. Normal operation from the outside.
WARNING!
Remember, in the event of an accident, the rear seat passengers cannot open the doors from the inside
with the buttons in position A.
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Power child locks (option)
To prevent the rear doors from being opened from the inside:
1. Turn the vehicle's ignition key to at least position 1.
2. Press the button shown above.
Indicator light in the button ON: the doors cannot be opened from the inside. Normal operation from
the outside.
Indicator light in the button OFF: the doors can be opened from the inside.
pg. 82 Locks and Alarms
Alarm
Alarm
The alarm is automatically armed whenever you lock your vehicle.
When armed, the alarm continuously monitors a number of points on the vehicle. The following
conditions will set off the alarm:
● The hood is forced open.
● The tailgate is forced open.
● A door is forced open.
● The ignition switch is tampered with.
● If there is movement in the passenger compartment (if the vehicle is equipped with the optional
movement sensor).
● The vehicle is lifted or towed (if the vehicle is equipped with the optional inclination sensor).
● The battery is disconnected (while the alarm is armed).
● The siren is disconnected when the alarm is disarmed.
Arming the alarm
Press the LOCK button on the remote control, lock the vehicle using the key in the driver's door or press
the central lock button on one of the front doors with the door open. One long flash of the turn signals
will confirm that the alarm is armed.
Disarming the alarm
Press the UNLOCK button on the remote control or unlock the doors with the key.
Turning off (stopping) the alarm
If the alarm is sounding, it can be stopped by pressing the UNLOCK button on the remote control or by
unlocking the driver's door with the key.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Audible/visual alarm signal
An audible alarm signal is given by a battery powered siren. The alarm cycle lasts for 25 seconds.
The visual alarm signal is given by flashing all turn signals and turning on the interior lighting for
approximately 5 minutes.
"Panic" button
In an emergency situation, this feature can be used to attract attention.
Activate the "panic" button by pressing the red button on the remote control (see illustration on page 77)
for at least 3 seconds or by pressing this button twice within 3 seconds. The turn signals will flash, and
the vehicle's horn will sound.
The function can be turned off by pressing any of the buttons on the remote control or will stop
automatically after 25 seconds. When a button is pressed, there is a 5 second delay before the panic
alarm is deactivated.
NOTE: This button will NOT unlock the vehicle.
pg. 83 Locks and Alarms
Temporarily turning off the inclination and movement alarm sensor(s) - accessory
This button will only be found in vehicles equipped with the accessory inclination and/or movement
sensors.
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FCC ID: MAYDA5823
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1)
This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Canadian IC: 4405A-DA5823
Movement sensor DA5823 by Dynex
Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the
device.
In certain situations it may be desirable to turn off the accessory inclination and movement alarm
sensors if, for example, you drive your vehicle onto a ferry where the rocking of the boat could trigger
the alarm or if a pet is left in the vehicle with the doors locked.
To temporarily turn off the inclination and movement alarm sensors from the alarm system:
From the time the ignition key is turned from the Drive position (position II) until you lock the vehicle,
you can press the button in the center console. The LED in the switch will light up and a message will be
displayed in the text window to indicate that the sensors are disconnected.
The vehicle can then be locked in the usual way to set the alarm.
NOTE:
● This function will not turn off the vehicle's standard alarm.
● The optional sensors are automatically reconnected to the alarm system the next time the vehicle is
unlocked and then locked again.
LED alarm status signals
The status of the alarm system is indicated by the red LED at the top of the dash:
● LED off - the alarm is not armed
● LED flashes once per second - the alarm is armed
● LED flashes rapidly before the ignition is switched on - the alarm has been triggered
● Fault in the alarm system: If a fault has been detected in the alarm system, a message will be
displayed in the text window. Contact your Volvo retailer.
Automatic re-lock/re-arm system
If the vehicle is unlocked with the remote, the vehicle will re-lock and the alarm will re-arm after 2
minutes unless a door or the tailgate has been opened.
pg. 84 Locks and Alarms
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Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Starting and driving
pg. 85 Starting and driving
Refueling 86
Starting the vehicle 89
General information 91
Automatic transmission with Geartronic 93
All Wheel Drive 96
Brake system 97
Dynamic Stability Traction Control (DSTC) 99
Park assist 101
Towing 102
Jump starting 104
Towing a trailer 105
Detachable trailer hitch - installing/
107
removing
Load carriers 108
Cold weather precautions 109
Before a long distance trip 110
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pg. 86 Starting and driving
Refueling
ENGINE OIL
Although some oil consumption occurs during normal engine operation, more oil is consumed when the
engine is new as the internal parts generate higher friction while wearing-in to each other. From the time
the engine is new until the first maintenance is performed, the oil consumption could be higher than
normal. For this reason, it is especially important to check the oil every time you refuel your vehicle
during this period. See page 142.
Fuel requirements
Octane rating
Volvo engines are designed for optimum performance on unleaded premium gasoline with an AKI
octane rating of 91 or above. AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane
Number, RON, and the Motor Octane Number, MON. ((RON + MON)/2). The minimum octane
requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).
Deposit control gasoline (detergent additives)
Volvo recommends the use of detergent gasoline to control engine deposits. Detergent gasoline is
effective in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will
help ensure good driveability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains
deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.
NOTE: Volvo does not recommend the use of external fuel injector cleaning systems.
Unleaded fuel
Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline. U.S. and Canadian
regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labelled "UNLEADED". Only these
pumps have nozzles which fit your vehicle's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a
vehicle labelled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter
and the heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of
the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local
vehicle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test
failure for misfueled vehicles.
NOTE: Some U.S. and Canadian gasolines contain an octane enhancing additive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT). If such fuels are used, your Emission Control System
performance may be affected, and the Check Engine Light (malfunction indicator lamp) located on your
instrument panel may light. If this occurs, please return your vehicle to an authorized Volvo retailer for
maintenance.
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Gasoline containing alcohol and ethers
"Oxygenated fuels"
Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some
areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohols or ethers.
However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol
or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator. To meet seasonal air quality
standards, some areas require the use of "oxygenated" fuel.
Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated" fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on this page
must still be met.
Alcohol - Ethanol: Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used. Ethanol may also be
referred to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".
Ethers - MTBE: Fuels containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.
pg. 87 Starting and driving
Carbon Monoxide - Important Warning
Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless, and odorless gas. It is present in all exhaust gases. If you
ever smell exhaust fumes inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is ventilated, and
immediately return the vehicle to your retailer for correction.
Fuel Formulations
Do not use gasoline that contains lead as a knock inhibitor, and do not use lead additives. Besides
damaging the exhaust emission control systems on your vehicle, lead has been strongly linked to certain
forms of cancer.
Many fuels contain benzene as a solvent. Unburned benzene has been strongly linked to certain forms of
cancer. If you live in an area where you must fill your own gas tank, take precautions. These may
include:
standing upwind away from the filler nozzle while refueling
● refueling only at gas stations with vapor recovery systems that fully seal the mouth of the filler neck
during refueling
● wearing neoprene gloves while handling a fuel filler nozzle.
●
Use of Additives
With the exception of gas line antifreeze during winter months, do not add solvents, thickeners, or other
store-bought additives to your vehicle's fuel, cooling, or lubricating systems. Overuse may damage your
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2005 VOLVO XC90
engine, and some of these additives contain organically volatile chemicals. Do not needlessly expose
yourself to these chemicals.
pg. 88 Starting and driving
Fuel filler door
Press the button on the light switch panel (see illustration on page 33) when the vehicle is at a standstill
to unlock the fuel filler door. Please note that the fuel filler door will remain unlocked until the vehicle
begins to move forward. An audible click will be heard when the fuel filler door relocks.
If you intend to leave your vehicle while it is being refueled, this feature enables you to lock the doors/
tailgate while leaving the fuel filler door unlocked.
You can also keep the vehicle locked if you remain inside it during refueling. The central locking button
does not lock the fuel filler door.
Be sure the fuel filler door is not obstructed and is completely closed after refueling.
Open the fuel filler cap slowly during hot weather.
NOTE: During a transitional period, a small number of service stations may still have fuel nozzles that
are not compatible with the fuel filler neck on vehicles equipped with the evaporative control system.
Refueling
Fuel tank capacity:
6-cylinder turbo - 19 US gallons (72 liters), 5-cylinder turbo - 18 US gallons (68 liters) with sufficient
volume left over to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather. Be aware that the
"usable" tank capacity will be somewhat less than the specified maximum. When the fuel level is low,
such factors as ambient temperature, the fuel's "Reid vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can
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affect the fuel pump's ability to supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is
advisable to refuel as soon as possible when the needle nears the red zone, or when the fuel warning
light comes on.
WARNING!
Never carry a cell phone that is switched on while refueling your vehicle. If the phone rings, this may
cause a spark that could ignite gasoline fumes, resulting in fire and injury.
CAUTION
- Do not refuel with the engine running *. Turn the ignition off or to position I. If the ignition is on,
an incorrect reading could occur in the fuel gauge
- After refueling, close the fuel filler cap by turning it clockwise until it clicks into place*.
- Allow for fuel expansion by not overfilling the tank. Overfilling could also cause damage to the
emission control systems.
- Avoid spilling gasoline during refueling. In addition to causing damage to the environment,
gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
- Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result
in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage
may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
* If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the vehicle is refueled, the
Check Engine Light (malfunction indicator lamp) may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's
performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.
pg. 89 Starting and driving
Starting the engine
1. Fasten the seat belt.
WARNING!
Before starting, check that the seat, steering wheel and mirrors are adjusted properly. Make sure the
brake pedal can be depressed completely. Adjust the seat if necessary. See pages 58, 60.
2. Apply the parking brake if not already set. The gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position
(Shiftlock).
Manual transmission: the clutch must be fully depressed.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
3. Without touching the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key* to the starting position. Allow the
starter to operate for up to 10 seconds. Release the key as soon as the engine starts. If the engine fails to
start, repeat this step.
NOTE:
- On certain models, when the vehicle is started, idle speed may be noticeably higher than normal for a
short period, depending on the temperature of the engine.
This has been done to help bring components in the emission control system to their normal operating
temperature as quickly as possible, which enables them to function normally.
- For cold starts at altitudes above 6000 ft (1800 meters), depress the accelerator pedal halfway and turn
the key to the starting position. Release the pedal slowly when the engine starts.
4. To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position, the engine must be running (or the ignition key
must be in position II) and the brake pedal must be depressed.
5. Select the desired gear. The gear engages after a very slight delay which is especially noticeable when
selecting R.
NOTE: Your vehicle is equipped with a Keylock system. When the engine is switched off, the gear
selector must be in the (P)ark position before the key can be removed from the ignition switch.
When starting in cold weather, the transmission may shift up at slightly higher engine speeds than
normal until the automatic transmission fluid reaches normal operating temperature.
Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubrication points fast
enough to prevent engine damage.
* If two of the keys to your vehicle are close together, e.g., on the same key ring, when you try to start
the vehicle, this could cause interference in the immobilizer system and result in the vehicle not starting.
If this should occur, remove one of the keys from the key ring before trying to start the vehicle again.
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CAUTION
Automatic transmission
The engine should be idling when you move the gear selector. Never accelerate until after you feel
the transmission engage! Accelerating immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement
and premature transmission wear.
Selecting P or N when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of time will help prevent
overheating of the automatic transmission fluid.
WARNING!
Always place the gear selector in Park and apply the parking brake before leaving the vehicle. Never
leave the vehicle unattended with the engine running.
Always open garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate
ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very
poisonous.
pg. 90 Starting and driving
Starting the vehicle (cont'd)
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Steering wheel lock
The steering wheel lock might be under tension when the vehicle is parked.
Turn the steering wheel slightly to free the ignition key.
In order to help reduce vehicle theft, make sure the steering wheel lock is engaged before leaving
the vehicle.
WARNING!
Never switch off the ignition (turn the ignition key to position 0) or remove the key from the ignition
switch while the vehicle is in motion. This could cause the steering wheel to lock, which would make
the vehicle impossible to steer.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
* The gear selector must be in the (P)ark position (automatic transmission).
** Please be aware that leaving the key in this position will increase battery drain.
pg. 91 Starting and driving
General information
Economical driving conserves natural resources
Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and
adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:
● Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on
the accelerator pedal for the first few minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject
to increased wear.
● Whenever possible, avoid using the vehicle for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine
to reach normal operating temperature.
● Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.
● Use the transmission's (D)rive position as often as possible and avoid using "kickdown" to help
improve fuel economy.
● Do not exceed posted speed limits.
● Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the vehicle.
● Maintain correct tire pressure. Check tire pressure regularly (when tires are cold).
● Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.
● Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc, increase air resistance and also fuel consumption.
● At highway driving speeds, fuel consumption will be lower with the air conditioning on and the
windows closed than with the air conditioning off and the windows open.
● Using the onboard trip computer's fuel consumption modes can help you learn how to drive more
economically.
Other factors that decrease gas mileage are:
● Dirty air cleaner
● Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter
● Dragging brakes
● Incorrect front end alignment
Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard Maintenance intervals.
Weight distribution affects handling
At the specified curb weight your vehicle has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering
wheel has to be turned more than might seem appropriate for the curvature of a bend. This ensures good
stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can alter with the
vehicle load. The heavier the load in the cargo area, the less the tendency to understeer.
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WARNING!
Driving with the tailgate open: Driving with the tailgate open could lead to poisonous exhaust gases
entering the passenger compartment. If the tailgate must be kept open for any reason, proceed as
follows
- Close the windows
- Set the ventilation system control to air flow to floor, windshield and side windows and blower
control to its highest setting.
CAUTION
Drive slowly and carefully if going through standing water (i.e. flooded roadways, etc.). Damage to
the engine could result if excess water is drawn in through the air intake system. Never drive the
vehicle in water deeper than 18 inches (48 cm).
pg. 92 Starting and driving
General information (contd)
Handling, roadholding
Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure all affect vehicle handling. Therefore, check that the tires
are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load. See "Tire pressure" section.
Loads should be distributed so that capacity weight or maximum permissible axle loads are not exceeded.
Driving on rough/unpaved surfaces
The Volvo XC90 is designed primarily for onroad driving, and it has excellent handling characteristics
on very rough or unpaved roads.
When driving on poorly maintained or unpaved roads, please keep the following in mind:
● Reduce speed on rough surfaces to minimize possible damage to the vehicle's underbody.
● When driving on soft surfaces such as dry sand or snow, try to avoid stopping if at all possible.
WARNING!
Avoid driving diagonally across steep inclines as this could increase the risk of a roll-over. Try to
drive straight up or down the slope.
If the road is very steep, avoid turning the vehicle around to help avoid the risk of rolling over. Back
the vehicle up or down the incline instead.
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NOTE: Avoid driving on steep inclines if the fuel tank is nearly empty. If the flow of fuel to the engine
is interrupted due to the vehicle's angle of inclination, this could result in damage to the three-way
catalytic converter. We recommend keeping the fuel tank at least half full when driving on steep inclines.
Driving through water
● The vehicle should not be driven through water that is deeper than 18 inches (48 cm). Driving through
deeper water could result in damage to transmission components or the differential, or to the engine if
excess water is drawn in through the air intake system.
● Drive slowly and avoid stopping when driving through water.
● After having driven through water, apply the brakes lightly several times to remove water, mud, etc
from the brake discs.
● Never allow the vehicle to stand in water above the door sills. This could result in damage to the
electrical system.
Conserving electrical current
Keep the following in mind to help minimize battery drain:
● When the engine is not running, avoid turning the ignition key to position II (see page 90). Many
electrical systems (the audio system, the optional infotainment/navigation systems, power windows, etc)
will function with the ignition key in position I. This position reduces drain on the battery.
● Please keep in mind that using systems, accessories, etc that consume a great deal of current when the
engine is not running could result in the battery being completely drained.
NOTE: A warning message will be displayed in the text window in the instrument panel when the
battery charge is low.
pg. 93 Starting and driving
Automatic transmission with Geartronic
5-cylinder turbo models
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P Park
Use this position when starting the engine or parking the vehicle.
Never use P while the vehicle is in motion.
The parking brake should also be set whenever the vehicle is parked.
The gear selector is mechanically locked in the P position (SHIFTLOCK). To release the gear
selector from this position, the engine must be running (or the ignition key must be in position II) and
the brake pedal must be depressed.
N (Neutral)
Neutral - no gear engaged. Use the parking brake.
6-cylinder turbo models
WARNING!
Never leave the vehicle unattended when the engine is running. If, by mistake, the gear selector is
moved from P, the vehicle may start moving.
R (Reverse)
Never engage R while the vehicle is moving forward.
D (Drive)
D is the normal driving position and should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy.
The vehicle should not be moving when shifting from R to the D position.
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Shiftgate positions
NOTE:
● 5-cylinder turbo engine: 5 forward speeds.
● 6-cylinder turbo engine: 4 forward speeds.
Automatic transmission - shift gate positions
You can move the gear selector freely between the (MAN)ual and (D)rive positions while driving.
Depress the button on the front of the gear selector knob to move between the R, N, D, and P positions.
pg. 94 Starting and driving
Automatic transmission with Geartronic (contd)
Manual shifting - Geartronic
You can move the gear selector freely between the (MAN)ual and (D)rive positions while driving.
● Models equipped with a 5-cylinder turbo engine have five forward speeds. Models equipped with a 6cylinder turbo engine have four forward speeds
● A "lock-up" feature on gears 3 and 4 (and 5, if equipped) reduces engine speed and help saves fuel.
The currently selected gear will be displayed in the instrument panel (see page 26).
● To access the (MAN)ual shifting position from (D)rive, move the gear selector to the left to MAN.
● To return to the (D)rive position from MAN, move the gear selector to the right.
While driving
If you select the (MAN)ual position while driving, the gear that was being used in the (D)rive position
will also initially be selected in (MAN)ual position.
● Move the gear selector forward (toward "+") to shift to a higher gear or rearward (toward "-") to shift
to a lower gear.
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If you hold the gear selector toward "-", the transmission will downshift one gear and will utilize the
braking power of the engine. If the current speed is too high for using a lower gear, the downshift will
not occur until the speed has decreased enough to allow the lower gear to be used.
● If you slow down to a very low speed, the transmission will automatically shift down.
● When starting in the (MAN)ual position, 3rd gear is the highest gear that may be selected.
●
Kickdown
Automatic shift to a lower gear (kickdown) is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and
briskly. An upshift will occur when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the
accelerator pedal slightly. Kickdown can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway
speeds.
NOTE: The gear selector must be in the D (Drive) position for kickdown to function.
Automatic transmission - adaptive system
The automatic transmission is controlled by an adaptive control system that constantly monitors the way
in which the transmission functions. It senses and adapts each gear shift for optimal performance.
pg. 95 Starting and driving
5-cylinder turbo models
W - Winter/Wet driving mode - enhanced vehicle traction
● Mode W will only function if the gear selector is in the (D)rive position.
● Press the button at the base of the gear selector to engage/disengage this driving mode (see
illustration).
● When the W driving mode is engaged, this is displayed in the instrument panel (see page 26).
This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.
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6-cylinder turbo models
pg. 96 Starting and driving
All Wheel Drive
All Wheel Drive (AWD) - general information
Your Volvo can be equipped with permanent All Wheel Drive (option), which means that power is
distributed automatically between the front and rear wheels. Under normal driving conditions, most of
the engine's power is directed to the front wheels. However, if there is any tendency for the front wheels
to spin, an electronically controlled coupling distributes power to the wheels that have the best traction.
Tire dimensions
Volvo recommends that you always drive on tires of the same brand, size, construction (radial), tread
pattern, load-, speed-, traction-, temperature-, and treadwear rating. Never drive on mixed tires, except
for brief periods when the temporary spare tire is in use.
Always use properly inflated tires of correct dimensions. Tire size and inflation pressures are shown on
the tire inflation pressure placards, located on the driver's side B-pillar (the structural member at the side
of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening), or on the inside of the fuel filler door on
Canadian models.
Temporary Spare
The temporary spare tire is for temporary, lowspeed, short-distance use only. Replace it with a full-sized
tire as soon as possible. Do not drive on the temporary spare at speeds above 50 m.p.h. (80km/h) or for
distances greater than 50 miles (80 km).
Never install snow chains on a temporary spare.
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Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 97 Starting and driving
Brake system
BRAKE Brake circuit malfunction
The brake system is a hydraulic system consisting of two master cylinders and two separate brake
circuits. If a problem should occur in one of these circuits, it is still possible to stop the vehicle with the
other brake circuit.
If the brake pedal must be depressed farther than normal and requires greater foot pressure, the stopping
distance will be longer.
A warning light in the instrument panel will light up to warn the driver that a fault has occurred.
If this light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the
reservoir.
NOTE: Press the brake pedal hard and maintain pressure on the pedal - do not pump the brakes.
WARNING!
If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir or if a "Brake failure - Service urgent"
message is displayed in the text window: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the vehicle towed to a Volvo
retailer and have the brake system inspected.
NOTE: When the vehicle is at a standstill and the engine is idling, e.g. at a traffic light and the brake
pedal is depressed, the pedal may go down slightly. This is a normal function of the power-assisted
brake system.
Power brakes function only when the engine is running
The power brakes utilize vacuum pressure which is only created when the engine is running. Never let
the vehicle roll to a stop with the engine switched off.
If the power brakes are not working, the brake pedal must be pressed approximately four times harder
than usual to make up for the lack of power assistance. This can happen for example when towing your
vehicle or if the engine is switched off when the vehicle is rolling. The brake pedal feels harder than
usual.
Water on brake discs and brake pads affects braking
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Driving in rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash can cause water to collect on the
brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid
such a delay when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving through rain,
slush, etc. This will remove the water from the brakes. Check that brake application feels normal. This
should also be done after washing or starting in very damp or cold weather.
Severe strain on the brake system
The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas, or when towing a
trailer. Vehicle speed is usually slower, which means that the cooling of the brakes is less efficient than
when driving on level roads. To reduce the strain on the brakes, shift into a lower gear and let the engine
help with the braking. Do not forget that if you are towing a trailer, the brakes will be subjected to a
greater than normal load.
pg. 98 Starting and driving
Brake system (contd)
Anti-lock brakes (ABS)
If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will
however function) and the vehicle should be driven cautiously to a Volvo retailer for inspection. The
Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during severe
braking conditions by limiting brake lockup. When the system "senses" impending lockup, braking
pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lockup, which could lead to a skid.
This system performs a self-diagnostic test when the engine is started and when the vehicle first
reaches a speed of approximately 12 mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a
sound may be audible from the ABS control module. This is normal.
To obtain optimal effect from the ABS system, constant pressure should be kept on the brake pedal. Do
not pump the brake pedal.
The switching of the ABS modulator will be audible and the brake pedal will pulsate during braking.
Please be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of the vehicle. While control
will be enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.
ABS with EBD (Electronic Brake Force Distribution)
EBD is an integrated part of the ABS system. EBD regulates the hydraulic pressure to the rear brakes to
help provide optimal braking capacity. The brake pedal will pulsate during braking, which is normal.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
If the BRAKE and ABS warning lights come on at the same time, this could indicate a fault in the brake
system.
Stop the vehicle in a suitable place and switch off the engine.
● Restart the engine.
● If both warning lights go off, no further action is required.
● If both lights are still on after the engine has been restarted, switch off the engine again and check the
brake fluid level (see page 140 for the location of the brake fluid reservoir).
● If the brake fluid level is above the MIN mark, drive carefully to an authorized Volvo retailer and
have the brake system inspected.
●
WARNING!
If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in the reservoir or if a "Brake failure - Service urgent"
message is displayed in the text window: DO NOT DRIVE. Have the vehicle towed to a Volvo
retailer and have the brake system inspected.
pg. 99 Starting and driving
Dynamic Stability Traction Control (DSTC)
The DSTC system on the Volvo XC90 consists of a number of functions:
1. Traction control (TC)
This function is designed to help reduce wheel spin by transferring power from a drive wheel that begins
to lose traction to the wheel on the opposite side of the vehicle (on the same axle). TC monitors and
compares the rotational speed of the drive wheels. If one of the drive wheels shows a tendency to spin,
the difference in speed is immediately detected. This triggers the Anti-lock Brake System, which brakes
the spinning wheel until the difference in rotational speed is corrected.
TC is most active at low speeds, and a pulsating sound will be audible when the system is regulating
wheel spin. This is quite normal.
This is one of the DSTC system's permanent functions and is not affected when the DSTC button on the
center control panel is pressed.
2. Spin control (SC)
The spin control function is designed to help prevent the drive wheels from spinning while the vehicle is
accelerating. This is done by temporarily reducing engine torque to the drive wheels, which helps
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improve tractive force.
Under certain circumstances, such as when driving with snow chains, or driving in deep snow or loose
sand, it may be advisable to temporarily switch off this function for maximum tractive force. This is
done by pressing the DSTC button on the center control panel for at least a half a second.
When the SC function has been switched off:
● The text window will briefly display "DSTC SPIN CONTROL OFF"
● The LED in the DSTC button will be off.
3. Active Yaw Control (AYC)
This function helps maintain directional stability, for example when cornering, by braking one or more
of the wheels if the vehicle shows a tendency to skid or slide laterally. This is done by activating the
Anti-lock Braking System. A pulsating sound will be audible when the function is active, which is quite
normal. If you apply the brakes while this function is active, the brake pedal will feel stiffer than usual.
This is also one of the DSTC system's permanent functions and is not affected when the DSTC button on
the center control panel is pressed.
4. Roll Stability Control (RSC)
RSC utilizes a gyro-sensor to monitor the vehicle's angle of inclination, and the rate at which this angle
changes. If necessary, RSC activates the Anti-lock Brake System to brake one or more of the wheels to
help maintain stability. A pulsating sound will be audible when the function is active, which is quite
normal. If you apply the brakes while this function is active, the brake pedal will feel stiffer than usual.
This is one of the DSTC system's permanent functions and is not affected when the DSTC button on the
center control panel is pressed.
The DSTC button
The DSTC button in the center control panel is used to switch the Spin Control (SC) function on or off.
The button must be pressed for at least a half second to prevent SC from being switched off
inadvertently.
When the system has been switched off, the green indicator lamp in the button will go out and "DSTC
SPIN CONTROL OFF" will be displayed in the text window.
All DSTC functions are (re)activated each time the engine is started.
pg. 100 Starting and driving
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Dynamic Stability Traction Control (DSTC) (contd)
The Stability Control indicator light
The Stability Control indicator light will come on for approximately 2 seconds when the ignition is
switched on as the system performs a self-diagnostic test.
The Stability Control indicator light will flash when:
● Traction Control is actively functioning to help avoid drive-wheel spin.
● Spin Control is actively functioning to help avoid loss of traction during acceleration.
● Active Yaw Control is actively functioning to help avoid skids or lateral slides.
● Roll Stability Control is actively functioning to help avoid a roll-over situation.
The warning symbol in the instrument panel
A steady yellow glow indicates:
● That the system has been automatically disengaged due to a fault. "ANTI SKID SERVICE
REQUIRED" will be displayed in the text window. If this occurs, stop the vehicle in a suitable place,
switch off and restart the engine. If the light remains on, an authorized Volvo retailer should check the
system.
● In the event of high brake temperature, "TRACTION CONTROL TEMPORARILY OFF" will be
displayed in the text window.
The system will automatically switch on again when the brakes have cooled.
Emergency Brake Assistance (EBA)
The EBA function is an integrated part of the DSTC system. EBA is designed to provide full brake
effect immediately in the event of sudden, hard braking. The system is activated by the speed with which
you depress the brake pedal.
NOTE:
● When the EBA system is activated, the brake pedal will go down and pressure in the brake system
immediately increases to the maximum level. Maintain full pressure on the brake pedal in order to utilize
the system completely. EBA is automatically deactivated when the brake pedal is released.
● When the vehicle has been parked for some time, the brake pedal may sink more than usual when the
engine is started. This is normal and the pedal will return to its usual position when it is released.
pg. 101 Starting and driving
Park assist
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A-front (accessory as available), B-rear (option)
Front/rear park assist
The park assist system(s) are designed to assist you when driving into parking spaces, garages, etc. They
utilize ultrasound sensors located in the bumpers to measure the distance to a vehicle or other object, or
a person who may be close to the front or rear of the vehicle.
When is park assist active?
Front: the system is active from the time the engine is started until the car exceeds a speed of
approximately 10 mph (15 km/h).
Rear: when the engine is running and reverse gear is selected.
NOTE:
● If the vehicle is equipped with front and rear park assist, both systems will either be activated or
deactivated together. They cannot be used separately.
● The indicator light in the button (see the illustration on page 32) will light up to indicate that park
assist system(s) are activated.
When park assist is actively working:
1. The audio system's volume will be reduced.
2. An intermittent signal will be audible from the speakers to indicate that you are approaching a person,
object, parked vehicle, etc.
The signals begin when the distance between the bumper and the object is:
Rear: approximately 5 feet (1.5 meters)
Front: approximately 2.5 ft (0.8 meters).
3. At a distance of approximately 1 foot (30 cm), the signal will become constant.
Deactivating the system(s)
1. Press the Park assist button on the center console (see page 32) to temporarily deactivate the system(s).
2. The indicator light in the button will go out when the system(s) have been deactivated.
3. If the vehicle is equipped with front and rear park assist, both systems will be deactivated by pressing
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the button.
NOTE: It may be necessary to deactivate one or both of the park assist systems in certain cases.
● Rear park assist: towing a trailer, carrying bicycles in a rear-mounted carrier, etc, could trigger the
rear park assist system's sensors.
● Front park assist: it may not be possible to combine auxiliary headlights and front park assist since
these lights could trigger the system's sensors.
Faults in the system
If a fault should occur in the system, the LED in the button will be switched off and a message will be
displayed in the text window.
Cleaning the sensors
For the system to function properly, the sensors in the front and/or rear bumpers should be kept clean.
They can be cleaned with car washing detergent and a sponge.
WARNING!
This system is designed to be a supplementary aid when the vehicle is backing up. It is not, however,
intended to replace the driver's attention and judgement.
pg. 102 Starting and driving
Towing
Positions for attaching towing eyelets
Emergency towing
The towing eyelet is located in the tool bag, under the floor of the cargo area. This eyelet must be
screwed into the positions provided on the right sides of either the front or rear bumper (see illustrations).
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To attach the towing eyelet:
A Use a coin to pry open the lower edge of the cover (A).
B Screw the towing eyelet (C) in place (B), first by hand and then using the tire iron until it is securely
in place.
After the vehicle has been towed, the eyelet should be removed and returned to the tool bag. Press the
cover back into position.
Precautions when the vehicle is in tow
● The steering wheel must be unlocked. Turn the ignition key to position I or II.
● The gear selector must be in position N.
● Maximum speed: 50 mph (80 km/h). Do not exceed the maximum allowable towing speed.
● Maximum distance with front wheels on ground: 50 miles (80 km).
● While the vehicle is being towed, try to keep the tow rope taut at all times.
● The vehicle should only be towed in forward direction.
CAUTION
- Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing, as vehicles being
towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device,
lighting, etc.
- If the vehicle's battery is dead, do not attempt to start the vehicle by pushing or pulling it as this will
damage the three-way catalytic converter(s). The engine must be jump started using an auxiliary
battery (see page 104).
- If the vehicle is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the
vehicle on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.
WARNING!
- Remember that the power brakes and power steering will not function when engine is not running.
The braking and steering systems will function but the brake pedal pressure required is 3 - 4 times
above normal and greater steering effort must be exerted.
- The towing eyelets must not be used for pulling the vehicle out of a ditch or for any similar purpose
involving severe strain. Do not use the towing eyelets to pull the vehicle up onto a flat bed tow truck.
pg. 103 Starting and driving
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Towing vehicles with front wheel drive/All Wheel Drive
Volvo recommends the use of flat bed equipment.
If wheel lift equipment must be used, please use extreme caution to help avoid damage to the vehicle. In
this case, the vehicle should be towed with the rear wheels on the ground if at all possible.
If it is absolutely necessary to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground, please refer to the
towing information on the previous page.
CAUTION
Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.
It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the
rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.
If the vehicle is being towed on a flat bed truck, the towing eyelets must not be used to secure the
vehicle on the flat bed. Consult the tow truck operator.
WARNING!
Do not use the towing eyelets to pull the vehicle up onto a flat bed tow
truck.
pg. 104 Starting and driving
Jump starting
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Jump starting
Follow these instructions to jump start your vehicle's dead battery or to jump start another vehicle's dead
battery using your vehicle.
Although your vehicle's battery is located under the floor of the cargo area, jumper cables should be
connected in the engine compartment, to the points shown in the illustrations.
If the 12-volt auxiliary battery to be used is in another vehicle, check that the vehicles are not touching
to prevent premature completion of a circuit. Be sure to follow jump starting instructions provided for
the other vehicle.
To jump start your vehicle:
● Switch off the ignition.
● First connect the auxiliary battery positive (+) terminal (1) to the positive (+) terminal in your
vehicle's engine compartment (2), located under a small black plastic cover attached to the fuse box
cover, marked with a "+" sign.
Remove the cover on the main fuse box if necessary to access this terminal. Then connect the auxiliary
battery's negative (- ) terminal (3) to the ground point in your vehicle's engine compartment (4).
● Start the engine in the assisting vehicle, then start the engine in the vehicle with dead battery.
● After the engine has started, first remove the negative (-) terminal jumper cable. Then remove the
positive (+) terminal jumper cable.
WARNING!
PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known
to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling
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WARNING!
- Do not connect the jumper cable to any part of the fuel system or to any moving parts. Avoid
touching hot manifolds.
Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
- Do not smoke near the battery.
- Batteries generate hydrogen gas, which is flammable and explosive.
- Battery fluid contains sulphuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or
painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical
help immediately if eyes are affected.
- Failure to follow the instructions for jump starting can lead to personal injury.
pg. 105 Starting and driving
Towing a trailer
The maximum weights recommended by Volvo for trailers with brakes are shown in the table below.
No. of
occupants
1
2
3
Seating
position
Front
seat
Front
seat
2nd row 2nd row 2nd row Optional 3rd Optional 3rd row of
of seats of seats of seats row of seats seats
All Wheel
Drive
5,000
lbs
(2250
kg)
5,000
lbs
(2250
kg)
4,500
lbs
(2050
kg)
Max. trailer
hitch tongue
load
500 lbs 500 lbs 450 lbs 370 lbs 290 lbs 180 lbs (80
(225 kg) (225 kg) (205 kg) (170 kg) (135 kg) kg)
Front Wheel
Drive
4,000
lbs
(1800
kg)
4,000
lbs
(1800
kg)
4,000
lbs
(1800
kg)
4
3,700
lbs
(1700
kg)
4,000
lbs
(1800
kg)
5
2,900
lbs
(1350
kg)
3,700
lbs
(1650
kg)
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6
1,800 lbs
(800 kg)
2,500 lbs
(1150 kg)
7
Trailer towing not
recommended
-
1,400 lbs (650 kg)
2005 VOLVO XC90
Max. trailer
hitch tongue
load
400 lbs 400 lbs 400 lbs 400 lbs 370 lbs 250 lbs (115
140 lbs (65 kg)
(180 kg) (180 kg) (180 kg) (180 kg) (165 kg) kg)
NOTE:
● Recommended hitch tongue load: not more than 10% of the trailer's weight.
The trailer load should be positioned so that it does not shift and the tongue load should be 10% of the
trailer's weight. However, the tongue load should not exceed the maximum permissible weights
indicated in the table above.
● When towing trailers without brakes, the maximum permissible trailer weight is 1,700 lbs (750 kg).
● If necessary, redistribute the weight of any cargo in the trailer to avoid excessive weight on the trailer
hitch.
● The maximum trailer weight listed in the table for All Wheel Drive models, 5,000 lbs (2250 kg) is
only applicable when there are not more than two occupants in the vehicle, in the front seats, with a
combined weight of 300 lbs (135 kg), with no other cargo in the vehicle.
pg. 106 Starting and driving
Towing a trailer (contd)
The maximum weight listed for Front Wheel Drive models, 4,000 lbs (1800 kg) is only applicable
when there are not more than four occupants in the vehicle, in the front seats and second row of seats,
with a combined weight of 600 lbs (270 kg), with no other cargo in the vehicle.
● Please be aware that the load on the trailer hitch is part of the vehicle's total load carrying capacity.
The amount of cargo in the vehicle and the trailer must be limited so that the gross vehicle weight and
maximum permissible rear axle weight (see page 165) are not exceeded.
● Vehicles used for towing a trailer on a regular basis, or for long-distance highway towing should be
equipped with an automatic transmission oil cooler and Volvo's automatic self-leveling system for the
rear suspension. Consult your Volvo retailer.
● Volvo recommends the use of Volvo trailer hitches that are specially designed for the vehicle.
● All Volvo models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch
installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.
● Increase tire pressure to recommended full inflation pressure. See chapter "Wheels and tires."
● When your vehicle is new, avoid towing heavy trailers during the first 620 miles (1,000 km).
● Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should
be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off the air
conditioner if the temperature gauge needle enters the red range.
● If the automatic transmission begins to overheat, a message will be displayed in the text window.
● Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.
● It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check
and observe state/local regulations).
●
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.
● Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.
● Volvo recommends the use of synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over long distances or in
mountainous areas.
●
WARNING!
- Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to
the bumper.
Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.
- Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's
lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo retailer
for correct installation.
- When towing a trailer, the trailer's safety wire must be correctly fastened to the hole or hook
provided in the trailer hitch on the vehicle. The safety wire should never be fastened to or wound
around the drawbar ball.
NOTE!
- When parking the vehicle with a trailer on a hill, apply the parking brake before putting the gear
selector in (P)ark. When starting on a hill, put the gear selector in (D)rive before releasing the parking
brake.
- If you use the manual (Geartronic) shift positions while towing a trailer, make sure the gear you select
does not put too much strain on the engine (using too high a gear).
pg. 107 Starting and driving
Leveling
If your vehicle is equipped with automatic levelling, the rear suspension always retains the correct ride
height regardless of the load.
● The system adjusts the rear suspension to the correct level after the vehicle has been driven a short
distance.
● When the vehicle is stationary, the rear suspension lowers, which is normal.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
A - ball holder, B - locking bolt, C - safety wire
attachment, D - hitch assembly, E - cotter pin
Detachable trailer hitch - installing/removing
Installing the ball holder
1. If necessary, remove the cotter pin from the locking bolt and slide the locking bolt out of the hitch
assembly.
2. Slide the ball holder into the hitch assembly.
3. Align the hole in the ball holder with the one in the hitch assembly.
4. Slide the locking bolt through the hitch assembly/ball holder.
5. Insert the cotter pin in the hole at the end of the locking bolt.
Removing the ball holder
1. Remove the cotter pin from the locking bolt and slide the locking bolt out of the ball holder/hitch
assembly.
2. Pull the ball holder out of the hitch assembly.
NOTE: A cover for the hitch assembly can be purchased from your Volvo retailer.
pg. 108 Starting and driving
Load carriers
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Positioning the load carriers
Make sure that the wing-shaped load carriers are installed on the roof rails with the rounded edge
forward (see the inset illustration above). The load carriers are identical and can be placed anywhere
along the roof rails.
When not in use, we recommend that the front load carrier be placed approximately 2 inches (5 cm) in
front of the center roof rail anchorage point and the rear load carrier approximately 1.5 inches (3.5 cm)
in front of the rear rail anchorage. This will help to reduce wind noise.
NOTE: Volvo accessories mounted on these load carriers will require T-track mounting hardware for
correct installation. Please consult your Volvo retailer.
Installing the load carriers
Make sure that the load carrier is pressed firmly out against the roof rail. Screw the load carrier in place.
Use the supplied torque wrench and tighten to the mark on the wrench (corresponding to 6 Nm). See
illustration.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
WARNING!
Loads carried on the vehicle's roof should not exceed 220 lbs (100 kg), including the weight of the
load carriers and any other load carrying equipment (ski boxes, bicycle racks, etc.). Excessive loads
on the roof can adversely affect the handling and roadholding characteristics of the vehicle.
Load carrier cover
The vehicle's ignition key or the stud on the edge of the supplied torque wrench can be used to undo or
tighten the cover. Turn a quarter turn (90 degrees). See illustration.
pg. 109 Starting and driving
Cold weather precautions
If you wish to check your vehicle before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth
noting:
● Make sure that the engine coolant contains 50 percent antifreeze. Any other mixture will reduce
freeze protection. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F (-35°C). See section "Coolant".
The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of antifreeze must not
be mixed.
● Volvo recommends using only genuine Volvo antifreeze in your vehicle's radiator. Your Volvo
retailer stocks plenty of Volvo engine coolant to help protect your vehicle during cold weather.
● Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation of condensation in the tank. In
addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.
● The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves coldweather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use,
5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type*, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not
use cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather. See section "Engine oil" for more information.
● The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very
cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the
state of charge more frequently and spray an antirust oil on the battery posts.
● Volvo recommends the use of snow tires on all four wheels for winter driving - see section "Wheels
and tires."
● To prevent the washer fluid reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze (see
page 140 for the location of the washer fluid reservoir).
This is important since dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, requiring the
frequent use of the washers and wipers. Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows:
Down to 14° F (-10° C): 1 part washer solvent and 4 parts water
Down to 5° F (-15° C): 1 part washer solvent and 3 parts water
Down to 0° F (-18° C): 1 part washer solvent and 2 parts water
Down to -18° F (-28° C): 1 part washer solvent and 1 part water
● Use Volvo Teflon Lock Spray in the locks.
NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.
W Winter/Wet driving mode-enhanced vehicle traction
● Mode W will only function if the gear selector is in the (D)rive position.
● Press the button at the base of the gear selector to engage/disengage this driving mode.
● An LED in the button will light up to indicate that W is engaged and this will also be displayed in the
instrument panel (see page 26).
● This mode may be selected for starting/moving off on slippery roads.
* Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at owner request and at additional
charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.
pg. 110 Starting and driving
Before a long distance trip
It is always worthwhile to have your vehicle checked at a Volvo retailer before driving long distances.
Your retailer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use
in the event that problems occur.
As a minimum, the following items should be checked before any long trip:
● Check that engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.
● Check for fuel, oil, and fluid leakage
● Check transmission oil level*.
● Check condition of drive belts.
● Check state of the battery's charge.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.
● The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by your Volvo retailer only.
● Check all lights, including high beams.
● Reflective warning triangles are legally required in some states/provinces.
● Have a word with your Volvo retailer if you intend to drive in countries where it may be difficult to
obtain the correct fuel.
● Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are likely to
occur, consider snow tires.
●
* To prevent injury from contact with hot surfaces, do not inspect your vehicle's transmission fluid
yourself. Have your vehicle's transmission fluid level inspected by a qualified Volvo service technician.
Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Vehicle care
pg. 129 Vehicle care
Washing and cleaning the vehicle 130
Paint touch up 133
pg. 130 Vehicle care
Washing and cleaning the vehicle
The vehicle should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the
paint and may cause damage. It is particularly important to wash the vehicle frequently in the wintertime
to prevent corrosion, when salt has been used on the roads.
● When washing the vehicle, do not expose it to direct sunlight. Use lukewarm water to soften the dirt
before you wash with a sponge, and plenty of water, to avoid scratching.
● Bird droppings: Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be
permanently damaged.
● A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil.
● A water-soluble grease solvent may be used in cases of sticky dirt. However, use a wash place
equipped with a drainage separator.
● Dry the vehicle with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker
panels.
● Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover after the vehicle has been washed.
● A stiff-bristle brush and lukewarm soapy water can be used to clean the wiper blades. Frequent
cleaning improves visibility considerably.
● Wash off the dirt from the underside (wheel housings, fenders, etc.).
● In areas of high industrial fallout, more frequent washing is recommended.
●
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2005 VOLVO XC90
CAUTION
- During high pressure washing, the spray mouthpiece must never be closer to the vehicle than
13" (30 cm). Do not spray into the locks.
- When washing or steam cleaning the engine, avoid spraying water or steam directly on the electrical
components or toward the rear side of the engine.
Special moonroof cautions:
- Always close the moonroof and visor before washing your vehicle.
- Never use abrasive cleaning agents on the moonroof.
- Never use wax on the rubber seals around the moonroof.
After cleaning the engine, the spark plug wells should be inspected for water and blown dry if
necessary.
●
Suitable detergents: Special vehicle washing detergents should be used. A suitable mixture is about 2.5
fl. oz. (8.5 cl) of detergent to 2.6 US gal. (10 liters) of warm water. After washing with a detergent the
vehicle should be well rinsed with clean water.
Bumpers: Wash the bumpers with the same cleaning agent used on the rest of the vehicle. Never clean
the bumpers with gasoline or paint thinner. Difficult spots can be removed with denatured alcohol. To
avoid scratches, do not dry the bumpers with paper.
NOTE: When washing the vehicle, remember to remove dirt from the drain holes in the doors and sills.
WARNING!
When the vehicle is driven immediately after being washed, apply the brakes several times in order to
remove any moisture from the brake linings.
Engine cleaning agents should not be used when the engine is warm. This constitutes a fire risk.
pg. 131 Vehicle care
Automatic washing - simple and quick
● We do NOT recommend washing your vehicle in an automatic wash during the first six months
(because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently).
● An automatic wash is a simple and quick way to clean your vehicle, but it is worth remembering that
it may not be as thorough as when you yourself go over the vehicle with sponge and water. Keeping the
underbody clean is most important, especially in the winter. Some automatic washers do not have
facilities for washing the underbody.
● Before driving into an automatic car wash, make sure that side view mirrors, auxiliary lamps, etc, are
secure, and that any antenna(s) are retracted or removed. Otherwise there is risk of the machine
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2005 VOLVO XC90
dislodging them.
Polishing and Waxing
● Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery, however, waxing may be
beneficial.
● Before applying polish or wax the vehicle must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with
kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.
● After polishing use liquid or paste wax.
● Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax.
● Waxing alone does not substitute for polishing a dull surface.
● A wide range of polymer-based waxes can be purchased today. These waxes are easy to use and
produce a long-lasting, high-gloss finish that protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and
fading.
● Do not polish or wax your vehicle in direct sunlight (the surface of the vehicle should not be warmer
than 113° F (45° C).
CAUTION:
Volvo does not recommend the use of longlife or durable paint protection coatings, some of which may
claim to prevent pitting, fading, oxidation, etc. These coatings have not been tested by Volvo for
compatibility with your vehicle's clear coat. Some of them may cause the clear coat to soften, crack, or
cloud. Damage caused by application of paint protection coatings may not be covered under your
vehicle's paint warranty.
Mirrors with the water repellent glass coating (option)
● Do not apply wax, degreasing agents, etc to this glass. This could damage the coating.
● Clean the glass surface with care to avoid scratching.
● Use only suitable plastic scrapers to remove ice or snow from the windows.
pg. 132 Vehicle care
Cleaning the upholstery
Fabric
Clean with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by oil, ice cream, shoe polish,
grease, etc., use a clothing/fabric stain remover.
Plastic
The plastic in the upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
AlcanteraTM suede-like material
Suede-like upholstery can be cleaned with a soft cloth and mild soap solution.
Leather care
Volvo's leather upholstery is manufactured with a protectant to repel soiling. Over time, sunlight, grease
and dirt can break down the protection. Staining, cracking, scuffing, and fading can result.
Volvo offers an easy-to-use, non-greasy leather care kit formulated to clean and beautify your vehicle's
leather, and to renew the protective qualities of its finish. The cleaner removes dirt and oil buildup. The
light cream protectant restores a barrier against soil and sunlight.
Volvo also offers a special leather softener that should be applied after the cleaner and protectant. It
leaves leather soft and smooth, and reduces friction between leather and other finishes in the vehicle.
Volvo recommends cleaning, protecting and conditioning your vehicle's leather two to four times a year.
Ask your Volvo retailer about Leather Care Kit 951 0251 and Leather Softener 943 7429.
CAUTION:
- Under no circumstances should gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or
the leather since these can cause damage.
- Take extra care when removing stains such as ink or lipstick since the coloring can spread.
- Use solvents sparingly. Too much solvent can damage the seat padding.
- Start from the outside of the stain and work toward the center.
- Sharp objects (e.g. pencils or pens in a pocket) or velcro fasteners on clothing may damage the textile
upholstery.
Cleaning the seat belts
Clean only with lukewarm water and a mild soap solution.
Cleaning floor mats
The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during winter when they
should be taken out for drying. Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent.
pg. 133 Vehicle care
Paint touch up
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly
- when washing the vehicle for instance. Touch-up if necessary.
Paint repairs require special equipment and skill. Contact your Volvo retailer for any extensive damage.
Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.
NOTE: When ordering touch-up paint from your Volvo retailer, use the paint code indicated on the
model plate. The plate is located in the engine compartment.
Color code
Make sure you have the right color. The color code number is on the data plate in the engine
compartment.
Minor stone chips and scratches
Material:
● Primer - can
● Paint - touch-up pen
● Brush
● Masking tape
● If the stone chip has not gone down to the bare metal and an undamaged color coat remains, you can
add paint immediately after removing dirt.
NOTE: When touching up the vehicle, it should be clean and dry. The surface temperature should be
above 60° F (15° C).
Minor scratches on the surface
If the stone chip has not penetrated down to the metal and an undamaged layer of paint remains, the
touch-up paint can be applied as soon as the spot has been cleaned.
Deep scratches
1. Place a strip of masking tape over the damaged surface. Pull the tape off so that any loose flakes of
paint adhere to it.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2. Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with a small brush.
When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush. Mix the paint thoroughly; apply
several thin paint coats and let dry after each application.
3. If there is a longer scratch, you may want to protect surrounding paint by masking it off.
pg. 134 Vehicle care
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Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Wheels and tires
pg. 111 Wheels and tires
General information 112
Tire inflation pressure tables 115
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) - option on certain U.S. models only 116
Tire designations 118
Glossary of tire terminology 119
Vehicle loading 120
Uniform Tire Quality Grading 121
Snow chains, snow tire, studded tires 122
Temporary Spare 123
Changing wheels 124
pg. 112 Wheels and tires
General information
General information
Your vehicle is equipped with tires according to the vehicle's tire information placard on the Bpillar (the
structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening), or on the inside of
the fuel filler door on Canadian models.
The tires have good road holding characteristics and offer good handling on dry and wet surfaces. It
should be noted however that the tires have been developed to give these features on snow/ice-free
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2005 VOLVO XC90
surfaces.
Certain models are equipped with "all-season" tires, which provide a somewhat higher degree of road
holding on slippery surfaces than tires without the "all-season" rating. However, for optimum road
holding on icy or snow-covered roads, we recommend suitable winter tires on all four wheels.
When replacing tires, be sure that the new tires are the same size designation, type (radial) and
preferably from the same manufacturer, on all four wheels. Otherwise there is a risk of altering the car's
roadholding and handling characteristics.
NOTE: When storing wheel/tire assemblies (e.g. winter tires and wheels), either stand the assemblies
upright, or suspend them off the ground. Laying wheel/tire assemblies on their sides for prolonged
periods can cause wheel and/or tire damage.
Tread wear indicator
The tires have wear indicator strips running across or parallel to the tread. The letters TWI are printed on
the side of the tire. When approximately 1/16" (1.6 mm) is left on the tread, these strips become visible
and indicate that the tire should be replaced. Tires with less than 1/16" (1.6 mm) tread offer very poor
traction.
When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the
one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent alteration of the driving
characteristics of the vehicle.
New tires
Remember that tires are perishable goods. As of 2000, the manufacturing week and year will be
indicated with 4 digits (e.g. 1502 means that the tire illustrated was manufactured during week 15 of
2002).
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Improving tire economy:
Maintain correct tire pressure. See the tire pressure table on page 115.
● Drive smoothly: avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.
● Tire wear increases with speed.
● Correct front wheel alignment is very important.
● Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.
● Tires must maintain the same direction of rotation throughout their lifetime.
● When replacing tires, the tires with the most tread should be mounted on the rear wheels to reduce the
chance of oversteer during hard braking. Hitting curbs or potholes can damage the tires and/or wheels
permanently.
●
pg. 113 Wheels and tires
Tire inflation placards on U.S. models
Tire inflation
Check tire inflation pressure regularly. A table listing the recommended inflation pressure for your
vehicle can be found on page 115. Tire inflation pressure placards are also located on the driver's side Bpillar (the structural member at the side of the vehicle, at the rear of the driver's door opening), or on the
inside of the fuel filler door on Canadian models. These placards indicate the designation of the factorymounted tires on your vehicle, as well as load limits and inflation pressure.
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Tire inflation placard on Canadian models
NOTE: The placards shown indicate inflation pressure for the tires installed on the car at the factory
only.
● Use a tire gauge to check the tire inflation pressure, including the spare, at least once a month and
before long trips. You are strongly urged to buy a reliable tire pressure gauge, as automatic service
station gauges may be inaccurate.
● Use the recommended cold inflation pressure for optimum tire performance and wear.
● Under-inflation or over-inflation may cause uneven treadwear patterns.
WARNING!
- Under-inflation is the most common cause of tire failure and may result in severe tire cracking, tread
separation, or "blowout," with unexpected loss of vehicle control and increased risk of injury.
- Under-inflated tires reduce the load carrying capacity of your vehicle.
When weather temperature changes occur, tire inflation pressures also change. A 10-degree temperature
drop causes a corresponding drop of 1 psi (7 kPa) in inflation pressure. Check your tire pressures
frequently and adjust them to the proper pressure, which can be found on the vehicle's tire information
placard or certification label.
Checking tire pressure
Cold tires
Inflation pressure should be checked when the tires are cold.
The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the surrounding
(ambient) air.
This temperature is normally reached after the car has been parked for at least 3 hours.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
pg. 114 Wheels and tires
After driving a distance of approximately 1 mile (1.6 km), the tires are considered to be hot. If you have
to drive farther than this distance to pump your tire(s), check and record the tire pressure first and add
the appropriate air pressure when you get to the pump.
If checking tire pressure when the tire is hot, never "bleed" or reduce air pressure. The tires are hot from
driving and it is normal for pressures to increase above recommended cold pressures. A hot tire at or
below recommended cold inflation pressure could be significantly under-inflated.
To check inflation pressure:
1. Remove the cap from the valve on one tire, then firmly press the tire gauge onto the valve.
2. Add air to reach the recommended air pressure
3. Replace the valve cap.
4. Repeat this procedure for each tire, including the spare.
5. Visually inspect the tires to make sure there are no nails or other objects embedded that could
puncture the tire and cause an air leak.
6. Check the sidewalls to make sure there are no gouges, cuts, bulges or other irregularities.
NOTE:
● If you overfill the tire, release air by pushing on the metal stem in the center of the valve. Then
recheck the pressure with your tire gauge.
● Some spare tires require higher inflation pressure than the other tires. Consult the tire inflation table
on page 115 or see the inflation pressure placard.
pg. 115 Wheels and tires
Tire inflation pressure table
Tire pressures recommended by Volvo for your vehicle. Refer to the tire inflation placard for
information specific to the tires installed on your vehicle at the factory.
Cold tire pressure for vehicle loads up to 1160 lbs (525 kg)a
Tire size
Front, psi (kPa)
Rear, psi (kPa)
XC90
225/70R16
235/65R17
235/60R18
39 (270)
39 (270)
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Temporary spare tire
T155/85R18
61 (420)
61 (420)
a. These weights include the weight of all occupants of the car plus cargo.
WARNING!
- Never install wheel/tire combinations larger than 18" on your Volvo XC90. Doing so will adversely
affect your vehicle's handling and stability, and safety system performance.
- Any damage caused by installation of unapproved wheel/tire size combinations will not be covered
by your new vehicle warranty. Volvo assumes no responsibility for death, injury, or expenses that
may result from such installations.
pg. 116 Wheels and tires
Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) - option on certain U.S. models only
The tire pressure monitoring system uses sensors mounted in the tire valves to check inflation pressure
levels. When the vehicle is moving at a speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster, these sensors transmit
inflation pressure data to a receiver located in the vehicle.
USA - FCC ID: MRXTG315AM04 This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is
subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this
device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
When low inflation pressure is detected, TPMS will light up the tire pressure warning light (
) in the
instrument panel, and will display a message in the text window. The wording of this message is
determined by the degree of inflation pressure loss.
When the tire pressure monitoring system warning light is on, one or more of your tires is significantly
under-inflated. You should stop and check your tires as soon as possible, and inflate them to the proper
pressure as indicated on the vehicle's tire information placard.
Driving on a significantly under-inflated tire causes the tire to overheat and can lead to tire failure.
Under-inflation also reduces fuel efficiency and tire tread life, and may affect the vehicle's handling and
stopping ability. Each tire, including the spare, should be checked monthly when cold and set to the
recommended inflation pressure as specified in the vehicle placard and owner's manual.
NOTE: TPMS indicates low tire pressure but does not replace normal tire maintenance. For information
on correct tire pressure, please refer to the table on page 115, or consult your Volvo retailer.
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Erasing warning messages
When a low tire pressure warning message has been displayed, and the tire pressure warning light has
come on:
1. Use a tire pressure gauge to check the inflation pressure of all four tires.
2. Re-inflate the tire(s) to the correct pressure (consult the tire pressure placard or the table on page 115).
3. Drive the car for at least one minute at a speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster. This will erase the
warning text and the warning light will go out.
WARNING!
Incorrect inflation pressure could lead to tire failure, resulting in a loss of control of the
vehicle.
Changing tires
Please note the following when changing or replacing the factory installed TPMS wheels/tires on the
vehicle:
Only the factory-mounted wheels are equipped with TPMS sensors in the valves.
If the vehicle is equipped with a temporary spare tire, this tire does not have a TPMS sensor.
If, for example, winter wheels/tires are used that are not equipped with TPMS sensors, the message
TIRE PRESSURE SYSTEM SERVICE REQUIRED will be displayed after the car has been driven for
several minutes at approximately 35 mph (50 km/h) or faster.
This message will remain on until wheels with TPMS sensors are mounted on the vehicle and it has been
driven for at least one minute at a speed of 20 mph (30 km/h) or faster.
pg. 117 Wheels and tires
TPMS valves can be fitted on winter wheels or full-size spare wheels/tires. Consult your Volvo retailer.
CAUTION:
When inflating tires with TPMS valves, press the pump's mouthpiece straight onto the valve to help
avoid bending or otherwise damaging the valve.
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pg. 118 Wheels and tires
Federal law mandates that tire manufacturers place standardized information on the sidewall of all tires
(see the illustration).
The following information is listed on the tire sidewall:
The tire designation (the following figures are examples of a tire designation):
1. 215: the width of the tire (in millimeters) from sidewall edge to sidewall edge. The larger the number,
the wider the tire.
2. 65: The ratio of the tire's height to its width.
3. R: Radial tire.
4. 15: The diameter of the wheel rim (in inches).
5. 95: The tire's load index. In this example, a load index of 95 equals a maximum load of 1521 lbs (690
kg).
6. H: The tire's speed rating, or the maximum speed at which the tire is designed to be driven for
extended periods of time, carrying a permissible load for the vehicle, and with correct inflation pressure.
For example, H indicates a speed rating of 130 mph (210 km/h).
NOTE: This information may not appear on the tire because it is not required by law.
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7. M+S or M/S = Mud and Snow, AT = All Terrain, AS = All Season
8. U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number (TIN): This begins with the letters "DOT" and indicates that the
tire meets all federal standards. The next two numbers or letters are the plant code where it was
manufactured, the next two are the tire size code and the last four numbers represent the week and year
the tire was built. For example, the numbers 317 mean the 31st week of 1997. After 2000 the numbers
go to four digits. For example, 2501 means the 25th week of 2001. The numbers in between are
marketing codes used at the manufacturer's discretion. This information helps a tire manufacturer
identify a tire for safety recall purposes.
9. Tire Ply Composition and Material Used: Indicates the number of plies indicates or the number of
layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire tread and sidewall. Tire manufacturers also must indicate the
ply materials in the tire and the sidewall, which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.
10. Maximum Load: Indicates the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be carried by the
tire. Refer to the vehicle's tire information placard or the safety certification label, located on the B-Pillar
or the driver's door or on the inside of the fuel filler door on Canadian models, for the correct tire
pressure for your vehicle.
11. Treadwear, Traction, and Temperature grades: See page 121 for more information.
12. Maximum permissible inflation pressure: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be put
in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.
pg. 119 Wheels and tires
Glossary of tire terminology
The tire suppliers may have additional markings, notes or warnings such as standard load, radial
tubeless, etc.
Glossary of tire terminology
● Tire information placard: A placard showing the OE (Original Equipment) tire sizes, recommended
inflation pressure, and the maximum weight the vehicle can carry.
● Tire Identification Number (TIN): A number on the sidewall of each tire providing information
about the tire brand and manufacturing plant, tire size and date of manufacturer.
● Inflation pressure: A measure of the amount of air in a tire.
● Standard load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a maximum load at 35 psi [37
psi (2.5 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase the
tires load carrying capability.
● Extra load: A class of P-metric or Metric tires designed to carry a heavier maximum load at 41 psi
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[43 psi (2.9 bar) for Metric tires]. Increasing the inflation pressure beyond this pressure will not increase
the tires load carrying capability.
● kPa: Kilopascal, a metric unit of air pressure.
● PSI: Pounds per square inch, a standard unit of air pressure.
● B-pillar: The structural member at the side of the vehicle behind the front door.
● Bead area of the tire: Area of the tire next to the rim.
● Sidewall of the tire: Area between the bead area and the tread.
● Tread area of the tire: Area of the perimeter of the tire that contacts the road when mounted on the
vehicle.
● Rim: The metal support (wheel) for a tire or a tire and tube assembly upon which the tire beads are
seated.
● Maximum load rating: a figure indicating the maximum load in pounds and kilograms that can be
carried by the tire. This rating is established by the tire manufacturer.
● Maximum permissible inflation pressure: the greatest amount of air pressure that should ever be
put in the tire. This limit is set by the tire manufacturer.
● Recommended tire inflation pressure: inflation pressure, established by Volvo, which is based on
the type of tires that are mounted on a vehicle at the factory. This inflation pressure is affected by the
number of occupants in the car, the amount of cargo, and the speed at which the vehicle will be driven
for a prolonged period. This information can be found on the tire inflation placard(s) located on the
driver's side B-pillar or on the inside of the fuel filler door on Canadian models, and in the tire inflation
table in this chapter.
● Cold tires: The tires are considered to be cold when they have the same temperature as the
surrounding (ambient) air. This temperature is normally reached after the car has been parked for at least
3 hours.
pg. 120 Wheels and tires
Vehicle loading
Properly loading your vehicle will provide maximum return of vehicle design performance. Before
loading your vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms for determining your vehicle's weight
ratings, with or without a trailer, from the vehicle's Federal/Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
(FMVSS/CMVSS) label, and the vehicle's tire information placard:
Curb weight
The weight of the vehicle including a full tank of fuel and all standard equipment. It does not include
passengers, cargo, or optional equipment.
Capacity weight
All weight added to the curb weight, including cargo and optional equipment. When towing, trailer hitch
tongue load is also part of cargo weight.
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NOTE: For trailer towing information, please refer to the section "Towing a trailer" on page 105.
Permissible axle weight
The maximum allowable weight that can be carried by a single axle (front or rear). These numbers are
shown on the Federal/Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS/CMVSS) label. The total load
on each axle must never exceed its maximum permissible weight.
Gross vehicle weight (GVW)
The vehicle's curb weight + cargo + passengers.
NOTE:
● The location of the various labels in your vehicle can be found on page 164.
● A table listing important weight limits for your vehicle can be found on page 165.
Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit
(1) Locate the statement "the combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX
pounds" on your vehicle's placard.
(2) Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.
(3) Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.
(4) The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if
the "XXX" amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount
of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400-750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.)
(5) Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may
not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.
(6) If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle.
Consult this manual1 to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of
your vehicle.
WARNING!
- Exceeding the permissible axle weight, gross vehicle weight, or any other weight rating limits can
cause tire overheating resulting in permanent deformation or catastrophic failure.
- Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the tires that were original
equipment on the vehicle because this will lower the vehicle's GVW rating. Replacement tires with a
higher limit than the originals do not increase the vehicle's GVW rating limitations.
1. See "Towing a trailer" on page 105
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pg. 121 Wheels and tires
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
ALL PASSENGER VEHICLE TIRES MUST CONFORM TO FEDERAL SAFETY
REQUIREMENTS IN ADDITION TO THESE GRADES
Quality grades can be found, where applicable, on the tire sidewall between the tread shoulder
and maximum section width. For example:
Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
TREADWEAR
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear
one and one half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and many depart
significantly from the norm due to variation in driving habits, maintenance practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
TRACTION
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are AA, A, B, and C, as measured under controlled
conditions on specified government test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have
poor traction performance.
WARNING!
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and is not a
measure of cornering (turning) traction.
TEMPERATURE
The temperature grades are AA (the highest), A, B, and C, representing the tire's resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under controlled conditions on specified
indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire to degenerate
and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds
to minimum level of performance that all passenger vehicle tires must meet under the Federal Motor
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of performance on the laboratory test
wheel than the minimum required by law.
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WARNING!
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that is properly inflated and not overloaded.
Excessive speed, under-inflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in combination, can cause
heat buildup and possible tire failure.
pg. 122 Wheels and tires
Snow chains, snow tire, studded tires
Snow chains
Snow chains can be used on your Volvo with the following restrictions:
● Snow chains should be installed on front wheels only. Use only Volvo approved snow chains.
● If accessory, aftermarket or "custom" tires and wheels are installed and are of a size different than the
original tires and wheels, chains in some cases CANNOT be used. Sufficient clearances between chains
and brakes, suspension and body components must be maintained.
● Some strap-on type chains will interfere with brake components and therefore CANNOT be used.
● All Wheel Drive models: Snow chains should only be installed on the front wheels. Only chains
adapted for AWD models should be used.
NOTE: Consult your Volvo retailer for additional snow chain information.
CAUTION
- Check local regulations regarding the use of snow chains before installing.
- Always follow the chain manufacturer's installation instructions carefully. Install chains as tightly as
possible and retighten periodically.
- Never exceed the chain manufacturer's specified maximum speed limit. (Under no circumstances
should you exceed 31 mph 50 km/h)
- Avoid bumps, holes or sharp turns when driving with snow chains.
- The handling of the vehicle can be adversely affected when driving with chains. Avoid fast or sharp
turns as well as locked wheel braking.
Snow tires, studded tires1
Tires for winter use:
- Owners who live in or regularly commute through areas with sustained periods of snow or icy driving
conditions are strongly advised to fit suitable winter tires to help retain the highest degree of traction.
- It is important to install winter tires on all four wheels to help retain traction during cornering, braking,
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and accelerating. Failure to do so could reduce traction to an unsafe level or adversely affect handling.
- Do not mix tires of different design as this could also negatively affect overall tire road grip.
- Winter tires wear more quickly on dry roads in warm weather. They should be removed when the
winter driving season has ended.
- Studded tires should be run-in 300-600 miles (500-1000 km) during which the car should be driven as
smoothly as possible to give the studs the opportunity to seat properly in the tires. The tires should have
the same rotational direction throughout their entire lifetime.
NOTE: Please consult state or provincial regulations restricting the use of studded winter tires before
installing such tires.
1 Where permitted
pg. 123 Wheels and tires
Temporary Spare
The spare tire in your car is called a "Temporary Spare".
Recommended tire pressure (see the placard on the B-pillar or on the fuel filler door) should be
maintained irrespective of which position on the car the temporary spare tire is used on. In the event of
damage to this tire, a new one can be purchased from your Volvo retailer.
WARNING!
! Current legislation prohibits the use of the "Temporary Spare" tire other than as a temporary
replacement for a punctured tire. It must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard tire. Road
holding and handling may be affected with the "Temporary Spare" in use. Do not exceed 50 mph (80
km/h). Do not drive farther than 50 miles (80 km) on a temporary spare tire.
CAUTION:
The car must not be driven with wheels of different dimensions or with a spare tire other than the one
that came with the car. The use of different size wheels can seriously damage your car's transmission.
pg. 124 Wheels and tires
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Changing wheels
Location of jack - five-seat models
The jack is located to the right under the rear hatch in the cargo area floor. Lift this hatch and release the
retaining strap to lift out the jack. The rear section of the jack's crank is held in place behind the battery.
The tool bag is stored to the left under the hatch. The front section of the crank is stored in the tool bag.
NOTE: The rear section of the crank is enclosed in a protective sleeve that should be slid off before the
crank is used. We recommend reinserting the crank into this sleeve before the crank is stowed.
If the vehicle is equipped with the optional grocery bag holder: Fold up the rear section of the cargo area
floor, disconnect the grocery bag holder's retaining cords and fold up the lower section of the floor to
access the tool bag.
Location of jack - seven-seat models
hatch in the cargo area floor. Lift this hatch and release the retaining strap to slide out the jack. The rear
section of the jack's crank is held in place behind the battery. The tool bag is stored to the left under the
hatch. The front section of the crank is stored in the tool bag.
NOTE: The rear section of the crank is enclosed in a protective sleeve that should be slid off before the
crank is used. We recommend reinserting the crank into this sleeve before the crank is stowed.
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If the vehicle is equipped with the optional grocery bag holder: Fold up the rear section of the cargo area
floor, disconnect the grocery bag holder's retaining cords and fold up the lower section of the floor.
CAUTION: Seven-seat models: Do not store objects in the area for the rear seat cushions (when the
backrests are to be folded down). This could damage the cushions.
pg. 125 Wheels and tires
Changing wheels
Lowering the spare wheel
Changing wheels - lowering the spare wheel
The spare wheel is located under the floor of the rear cargo compartment. It can be lowered using the
crank (see previous page for location).
WARNING!
When raising or lowering the spare wheel, please keep in mind that components in the exhaust system
may be very hot.
Lowering the spare wheel:
1. Fold down the lower section of the tailgate.
2. Fold up the rear section of the floor in the cargo compartment.
3. Connect the two sections of the jack's crank.
4. Insert the hooked end of the crank in the spare wheel retaining attachment (see the illustration above).
5. Lower the spare wheel under the vehicle by turning the crank counterclockwise until it is not possible
to turn it further.
6. Pivot the toggle at the end of the cable 90 degrees to release it from the spare wheel.
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7. Crank up the cable again by turning the crank clockwise.
CAUTION
When the spare wheel is mounted on the vehicle, the retaining cable could damage the underside of
the vehicle if it is not retracted.
8. Place the wheel with the flat tire in the vehicle's cargo compartment.
NOTE: The space under the vehicle is designed to hold the special spare wheel only. Other fullsize
wheels will not fit in this compartment.
<f
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2005
VOLVO
XC90
Maintenance
pg. 135 Maintenance
Volvo maintenance 136
Working on your vehicle 138
Engine compartment 140
Oils and fluids 141
Battery maintenance 146
Bulbs 149
Fuses 157
pg. 136 Maintenance
Volvo Maintenance
Maintenance
Volvo advises you to follow the maintenance program outlined in the Warranty and Service Records
Information booklet. This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the
proper function of your vehicle. The maintenance services contain several checks which require special
instruments and tools and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician. To keep your Volvo in
top condition, specify time-tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.
The Federal Clean Air Act - U.S.
The Federal Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate
purchaser to assure the proper servicing and function of the components that control emissions. These
services, which are listed in the "Warranty and Service Records Information booklet," are not covered
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2005 VOLVO XC90
by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used.
Maintenance
Your Volvo passed several major inspections before it was delivered to you, in accordance with Volvo
specifications. The maintenance outlined in the Warranty and Service Records Information booklet,
many of which will positively affect your vehicle's emissions, should be performed as indicated. It is
recommended that receipts for vehicle emission maintenance be retained in case questions arise
concerning maintenance.
Inspection and maintenance should also be performed anytime a malfunction is observed or suspected.
Page 137 provides more information about maintenance of emission-related components.
Applicable warranties - U.S./Canada
In accordance with applicable U.S. and Canadian regulations, the following list of warranties is
provided.
New Vehicle Limited Warranty
● Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty
● Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty
● Seat Belt and Supplemental Restraint Systems Limited Warranty
● Emission Design and Defect Warranty
● Emission Performance Warranty
These are the federal warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state/provincial law. Refer
to your separate Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for detailed information concerning
each of the warranties.
●
Vehicle Event Data
Your vehicle's driving and safety systems employ computers that monitor, and share with each other,
information about your vehicle's operation. One or more of these computers may store what they
monitor, either during normal vehicle operation or in a crash or near-crash event. Stored information
may be read and used by:
● Volvo Car Corporation
● service and repair facilities
● law enforcement or government agencies
● others who may assert a legal right to know, or who obtain your consent to know such information.
pg. 137 Maintenance
Periodic maintenance helps minimize emissions
Periodic maintenance will help keep your vehicle running well. Your Warranty and Service Records
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Information booklet provides a comprehensive periodic maintenance schedule up to 150,000 miles
(240,000 km) of vehicle maintenance. The schedule includes components that affect vehicle emissions.
This page describes some of the emission-related components.
Engine air filter
The engine air filter cleans particles from air entering the engine. Replace the engine air filter cartridge
with a new one every 37,500 miles (60,000 km) under normal driving conditions. Replace the cartridge
more often when the vehicle is driven under dirty and dusty conditions. The cartridge cannot be cleaned,
and should always be replaced with a new one.
Fuel filter
The fuel filter should be replaced at 120,000 miles (193,000 km). The filter is replaced as a complete
unit. Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel is introduced into the tank, or if there is reason to
suspect that this has occurred.
Fuel system, including filler cap, tank, lines, and connections
The ability of the fuel system to contain hydrocarbons depends upon a leak-free system. Inspect fuel
lines every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). Check for proper sealing of the fuel filler cap, which contains "O"
ring seals.
NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the vehicle is refueled,
the Check Engine light (Malfunction Indicator) may indicate a fault. However, your vehicle's
performance will not be affected. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.
Timing belt
For proper functioning of the engine and emission control systems, the timing belt and belt pretensioner
must be replaced every 120,000 miles (193,000 km) or 10 years, whichever occurs first. Engine damage
will occur if the belt fails.
PCV system
(on turbocharged models)
The nipple in the intake manifold and the filter at the end of the PCV hose in the air cleaner should be
inspected and cleaned at 120,000 miles (193,000 km), and again at 45,000 miles (72,000 km).
Spark plugs
The spark plugs should be replaced every 60,000 miles (96,000 km).
Under normal driving conditions, spark plugs require no maintenance between replacement intervals.
pg. 138 Maintenance
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Working you your vehicle
Reinforced lifting points
Hoisting the vehicle
If a garage jack is used to lift the vehicle, the two jack attachments points should be used. They are
specially reinforced to bear the weight of the vehicle (see the illustration above). A garage jack can also
be placed under the front of the engine support frame. Take care not to damage the splash guard under
the engine. Ensure that the jack is positioned so that the vehicle cannot slide off it. Always use axle
stands or similar structures. The car's gross vehicle weight is between 5770 lb (2630 kg) and 6080 lb
(2760 kg). Use a jack and stands rated for this weight.
If a two-post hoist is used to lift the vehicle, the front and rear lift arm pads should be centered under the
reinforced lift plates on the inboard edge of the sill rail (see illustration).
Please note the following before you begin working on your vehicle:
Battery (see also page 148 for more information on handling the battery)
● Ensure that the battery cables are correctly connected and tightened.
● Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running (e.g. when replacing the battery).
● The battery contains acid that is both corrosive and poisonous. It is important that the battery is
handled in an environmentally friendly way. Let your Volvo retailer assist you.
● Never use a fast charger to charge the battery. The battery cables should be disconnected when
recharging.
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WARNING!
The ignition system has very high voltage! The voltage in the ignition system is dangerous!
Do not touch spark plugs, ignition cables or the ignition coil when the engine is running or the
ignition is switched on!
The ignition should be switched off when:
- Conducting engine tests.
- Replacing parts in the ignition system, such as spark plugs, ignition coil, distributor, ignition cables,
etc.
- Never try to repair any part of the SRS/SIPS/WHIPS/IC systems yourself. Any interference in the
system could cause malfunction and serious injury. Any work should only be performed by an
authorized Volvo workshop.
pg. 139 Maintenance
Belt check
Check the belt regularly to make sure it is in good condition and is clean. A worn or dirty belt can cause
poor cooling and low alternator output as well as impair the operation of the power steering and the air
conditioning unit.
NOTE: The drive belt is equipped with a self-tensioning mechanism and requires no adjustment
between changes.
WARNING!
The engine must not be running when this check is
performed.
Check coolant level
The cooling system must be filled with coolant and not leak to operate at maximum efficiency. Check
the coolant level regularly. The level should be between the "MAX" and "MIN" marks on the expansion
tank. The check should be made with particular thoroughness when the engine is new or when the
cooling system has been drained.
Do not remove the filler cap other than for topping up with coolant. Frequent removal may prevent
coolant circulation between the engine and the expansion tank during engine warm up and cooling.
Changing coolant
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Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult your Volvo
retailer.
NOTE: Do not top off with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the
coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze.
Top off with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).
CAUTION
The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level. If it is not kept filled, there can be
high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/
coolant may not be mixed.
WARNING!
Never remove the radiator cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the vehicle
cools.
pg. 140 Maintenance
Engine compartment
Engine compartment
1. Brake fluid reservoir
2. Relay/fuse box
3. Air cleaner
4. Cooling fan
5. Radiator
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6. Dipstick - engine oil
7. Filler cap - engine oil
8. Washer fluid reservoir
9. Power steering fluid reservoir
10. Expansion tank - coolant
11. Data plate
12. Battery (under floor in rear cargo area)
WARNING!
The cooling fan (4) may start or continue to operate (for up to 6 minutes) after the engine has been
switched off.
pg. 141 Maintenance
Oil and fluids
Oil quality
Engine oil must meet the minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and
SJ/Energy Conserving.
Your Volvo has been certified to standards using ILSAC oil specification GF-2 5W-30. Volvo
recommends use of oil with a quality rating equal to or higher than ILSAC GF-2. Equivalent and better
oils include ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF, and SJ/Energy conserving. Lower quality oils may not offer the
same fuel economy, engine performance, or engine protection.
Volvo Cars recommends Castrol.
Depending on your driving habits, premium or synthetic oils may provide superior fuel economy and
engine protection. Consult your Volvo retailer for recommendations on premium or synthetic oils.
Oil additives must not be used.
NOTE: Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance is carried out. This
oil is only used at customer request, at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.
Operation in hot climates.
When temperatures exceed 86° F (30° C) in your area, Volvo recommends, for the protection of your
engine, that you use a heavier weight oil, such as SAE 10W-30. See the viscosity chart below.
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Oil viscosity (stable ambient temperatures)
Operation in temperate climates
Incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life. Under normal use when temperatures do not exceed 86° F
(30° C), SAE 5W-30 will provide good fuel economy and engine protection. See the viscosity chart
above.
Extreme engine operation
Synthetic oils meeting SAE 10W-30 and complying with oil quality requirements are recommended for
driving in areas of sustained temperature extremes (hot or cold), when towing a trailer over long
distances, and for prolonged driving in mountainous areas.
Changing oil and oil filter
Oil and oil filter changes should be made at 7,500 mile (12,000 km) intervals.
Volvo does not recommend the use of oil additives.
Synthetic oil is not used when the oil is changed at the normal maintenance intervals except at
ower request and at additional charge. Please consult your Volvo retailer.
The API Service Symbol "donut" is divided into three parts:
● The top half describes the oil's performance level.
● The center identifies the oil's viscosity.
● The bottom half tells whether the oil has demonstrated energy-conserving properties in a standard test
in comparison to a reference oil.
●
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pg. 142 Maintenance
Oil and fluids (contd)
Checking the oil level
The oil level should be checked every time the vehicle is refueled. This is especially important
during the period up to the first maintenance.
CAUTION
Not checking the oil level regularly can result in serious engine damage if the oil level becomes too
low.
Park the vehicle on a level surface and wait for at least 5 minutes after the engine has been switched
off. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. Low oil
level can cause internal damage to the engine and overfilling can result in high oil consumption. The
distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1.6 US qt (1.5 liter). The oil should preferably
be checked when cold, before the engine has been started.
NOTE: The engine must be stopped when checking the oil.
WARNING!
Do not allow oil to spill onto or come into contact with hot exhaust pipe
surfaces.
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Adding oil (topping up)
● Add oil of the same kind as already used.
● Capacity (including filter):
5-cylinder turbo engine - 6.1 US qt (5.8 liters).
6-cylinder turbo engine - 7 US qt (6.7 liters)
● The oil filter should be replaced at every oil change.
pg. 143 Maintenance
Washer fluid reservoir
Washer fluid reservoir
The washer fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 6.8 US qt (6.5 liters).
When there is less than approximately 1 US qt (1 liter) remaining in the reservoir, the washer fluid spray
will be directed to the windshield only.
During cold weather, the reservoir should be filled with windshield washer solvent containing antifreeze.
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Coolant reservoir
Changing coolant
Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, consult your Volvo
retailer.
NOTE: Do not top off with water only. This reduces the rust-protective and antifreeze qualities of the
coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze.
Top off with Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze only (a 50/50 mix of water and antifreeze).
CAUTION
The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level. If it is not kept filled, there can be
high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage. Different types of antifreeze/
coolant may not be mixed.
Check coolant regularly!
WARNING!
- Never remove the radiator cap while the engine is warm. Wait until the vehicle cools.
- If it is necessary to top up the coolant when the engine is warm, unscrew the expansion tank cap
slowly so that the overpressure dissipates.
pg. 144 Interior
Oil and fluids (contd)
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Brake fluid reservoir
The brake fluid should always be above the MIN mark on the side of the reservoir. Check, without
removing the cap, that there is sufficient fluid in the reservoir.
Fluid type : DOT 4+ boiling point >536°F (280°C), P/N 9437433
Replace : Every second year or 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The fluid should be replaced once a year or
every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving, etc.)
Always entrust brake fluid changing to an authorized Volvo retailer.
Power steering fluid reservoir
The fluid level should always be between the ADD and FULL marks.
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Fluid type : Volvo synthetic power steering fluid (Pincushion CHF 11S) P/N 1161529 or equivalent.
Replace : No fluid change required
NOTE: If a problem should occur in the power steering system or if the vehicle has no electrical current
and must be towed, it is still possible to steer the vehicle. However, keep in mind that greater effort will
be required to turn the steering wheel.
pg. 145 Interior
Wiper blades
Windshield wiper blades
1. Lift the wiper arm off the windshield.
2. Press in the catches (A in the illustration above).
3. Pull out the wiper blade.
4. Insert a new wiper blade and ensure that it is firmly in place.
NOTE: The driver's side wiper blade is longer than the one on the passenger's side.
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Tailgate wiper blade
1. Pull the wiper blade out, away from the tailgate window.
2. Pull the wiper blade outward, toward the tailgate.
3. Press the new wiper blade into place. Check that it is properly secured.
Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 146 Maintenance
Battery Maintenance
The battery in your vehicle is located under the floor of the cargo compartment.
Driving habits and conditions, climate, the number of starts, etc. all affect the service life and function of
the battery. In order for your battery to perform satisfactorily, keep the following in mind:
Check the fluid level in each cell in the battery every 24 months or every 15,000* miles (24,000 km),
whichever is sooner. The fluid should be at the level shown in the illustration above (A)**.
● Use a screw driver to open the caps and a flashlight to inspect the level.
● If necessary, add distilled water. The level should never be above the indicator (A**).
● The fluid level should be checked if the battery has been recharged.
● After inspection, be sure the cap over each battery cell is securely in place.
● Check that the battery cables are correctly connected and properly tightened. Route ventilation hose
through opening in floor (see page 147)
● Never disconnect the battery when the engine is running, for example when changing the battery.
● The battery should be disconnected from the vehicle when a battery charger is used directly on the
battery.
● However, if the battery is being charged via the connecting points in the engine compartment (see
page 104), the battery must be connected.
●
* More frequently in warm climates.
** The level indicator inside the battery could be designed in various ways. See illustration.
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pg. 147 Maintenance
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Replacing the battery
1. Switch off the ignition.
2. Wait at least 5 minutes after switching off the ignition before disconnecting the battery so that
all information in the vehicle's electrical system can be stored in the control modules.
3. Remove the retaining bracket and unscrew the cover over the battery. Wait at least 5 minutes after
switching off the ignition before disconnecting the battery so that all information in the vehicle's
electrical system can be stored in the control modules.
4. Disconnect the negative (ground) cable first.
5. Disconnect the positive cable and pull the ventilation hose (see next page) from the battery.
6. Lift out the old battery and put a new battery into place.
7. Connect the positive cable first.
8. Connect the negative (ground) cable.
9. Be sure that the ventilation hose (see below) is securely connected to the battery and that the other end
of the hose is properly routed through the ventilation opening in the floor of the battery compartment.
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10. Reinstall the cover and retaining bracket and screw it securely in place.
Ventilation hose
WARNING!
- Never expose the battery to open flame or electric spark.
- Do not smoke near the battery.
- Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid. Do not allow battery fluid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or
painted surfaces. If contact occurs, flush the affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical
help immediately if eyes are affected.
pg. 148 Maintenance
Battery Maintenance (contd)
WARNING!
Ventilation hose: The battery generates hydrogen gas, which is flammable and explosive. The
battery is fitted with a ventilation hose which vents hydrogen gas out of the battery compartment
through a ventilation opening in the bottom of this compartment. If the battery must be replaced, it is
essential that the ventilation hose is properly connected to the battery and that it is routed through the
ventilation opening provided (see illustration).
Be sure the ventilation hose is free of debris. Only use replacement batteries equipped with a
ventilation hose. Consult your Volvo retailer.
NOTE: After the battery has been disconnected or replaced, lock and unlock the vehicle with the central
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locking system's remote control to reactivate such features as the power windows, moonroof, courtesy
lighting, etc.
WARNING!
PROPOSITION 65 WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known
to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
pg. 149 Maintenance
Bulbs
The following bulbs are used in the vehicle:
Bulb
1. High beam
1. Low beam
2. Bi-Xenon headlight (option)
3. Front fog lights
4. Front parking lights, front/rear side marker lights, license plate light, rear
footwell lighting
5. Front turn signals
5. Rear fog light
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Type
Socket
H7 65W H11 55W D2R 35W
H1 55W
W5W
W2,1x9,5d
H21W
P21/4W
BAY9s
BAY9s
2005 VOLVO XC90
6. Side turn signals
7. Brake lights, backup lights
8. Rear turn signals
9. Rear parking lights
10. Vanity mirror lighting
11. Front footwell lighting, cargo area lighting
WY5W
P21W
PY21W
P21/4W
1.2W
C5W
W2,1x9,5d
BAY15d
BA15s
BAZ15s
SV5.5
SV8.5
WARNING!
Bi-Xenon headlights (option) - due to the high voltage used by these headlights, these bulbs should
only be replaced by an authorized Volvo service technician.
pg. 150 Maintenance
Retaining pins
Replacing high/low beams/turn signal/parking light bulbs
The entire lamp housing must be lifted out when replacing these bulbs.
To lift out the lamp housing:
1. Switch off the ignition.
2. Open the hood.
3. Pull up the retaining pins (see the illustration above).
4. Lift out the lamp housing.
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CAUTION
- Do not touch the glass on the halogen bulbs with your fingers. Grease, oil, or any other impurities
can be carbonized onto the bulb and cause damage to the reflector.
- Be sure to use bulbs of the correct type and voltage.
Location of the bulbs in the headlight housing
1. Low beam headlight/Bi-Xenon headlight (option)
2. High beam headlight
3. Turn signal
4. Parking light
5. Side marker light
pg. 151 Maintenance
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Replacing the low beam bulb
1. Remove the plastic cover over the bulb (1) by turning it counterclockwise.
2. Pull the connector from the lamp housing (2).
3. Loosen the bulb's retaining spring by first moving it to the right and then moving it out of the way.
4. Pull out the bulb from the holder.
5. Insert the new bulb (without touching the glass) in the holder.
6. Move the retaining spring up and push it slightly to the left until it seats properly.
7. Press the bulb holder into place on the headlight housing.
8. Reinstall the plastic cap. The letters "HAUT" on the cap must be upward.
Replacing the high beam bulb
1. Remove the rubber cover over the bulb (1) by pulling it off.
2. Pull the connector from the lamp housing (2).
3. Loosen the bulb's retaining spring by first moving it to the right and then moving it out of the way.
4. Pull out the bulb from the holder.
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5. Insert the new bulb (without touching the glass) in the holder.
6. Move the retaining spring up and push it slightly to the left until it seats properly.
7. Press the bulb holder into place on the headlight housing.
8. Press the rubber cover into place.
Replacing the parking light/side marker light bulbs
1. Turn the lamp holder approximately 1/4 turn counterclockwise and pull it out of the headlight housing.
2. Pull the bulb straight out.
3. Align the guide lugs on the side of the base of the new bulb in the grooves in the holder and press it
into place.
4. Press the lamp holder into the place in the headlight housing and turn it approximately 1/4 turn
clockwise.
pg. 152 Maintenance
Bulbs (contd)
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Replacing the turn signal bulb
1. Turn the lamp holder approximately 1/4 turn counterclockwise and pull it out of the headlight housing.
2. Press in the bulb slightly and pull it out of the holder.
3. Align the guide lugs on the side of the base of the new bulb in the grooves in the holder. Press it in
and turn it slightly clockwise.
4. Press the lamp holder into the place in the headlight housing and turn it approximately 1/4 turn
clockwise.
Replacing the side turn signal bulb
1. Switch off the ignition.
2. Pry out the lens by inserting a small screw driver under the lower edge.
3. Turn the lamp holder 1/4 turn counterclockwise and pull it straight out.
4. Pull the bulb straight out of the holder.
5. Press the new bulb into the holder.
6. Reinsert the bulb holder in the lens and turn 1/4 turn clockwise.
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Front fog lights
Avoid touching the glass on the bulb with your fingers.
1. Switch off the ignition.
2. Turn the bulb holder slightly counterclockwise to release it.
3. Replace the bulb. The shape of the foot of the bulb corresponds to the shape of the bulb holder.
4. Reinstall the bulb holder by turning it slightly clockwise. The side of the holder marked "TOP" should
face upward.
pg. 153 Maintenance
Location of tail light bulbs
A - Turn signal
B - Brake light
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C - Back-up light
D - Parking light
Replacing bulbs in the tail light cluster
1. Switch off all lights and turn ignition key to position 0.
2. Fold down the lower section of the tailgate, and fold up the rear section of the cargo area floor.
3. If the vehicle is equipped with the optional grocery bag holder, detach the holder's bands.
4. Remove the corner panel (1 in the illustration above).
5. Open the cover (2) in the side panel by pulling the tab (3) upward/outward.
6. Loosen the bolts (4) with the 10 mm wrench.
7. Pull the entire tail light housing straight out.
8. Disconnect the wiring.
9. Place the tail light housing on a soft cloth to avoid scratching the lens.
10. Turn the lamp holder(s) counterclockwise and pull out.
11. Turn the bulb counterclockwise and remove. Insert a new bulb.
12. Place the lamp holder in the groove and turn clockwise.
13. Press wiring back into place.
14. Align the tail light housing with the holes for the retaining bolts and press it into place.
15. Tighten the retaining bolts.
16. Reinsert the side and corner panels.
pg. 154 Maintenance
Bulbs (contd)
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Rear fog light
1. Switch off the ignition.
2. Carefully insert a small screwdriver (see illustration above)
3. Pry out the lamp housing.
4. Turn the bulb holder counterclockwise and pull out the bulb.
5. Insert a new bulb and press the lamp housing back into place.
Door step courtesy lights
The door step courtesy lights are located under the dashboard on the driver's and passenger's sides. To
replace a bulb:
1. Carefully insert a screwdriver and pry out the lens.
2. Replace the defective bulb.
3. Reinstall the lens.
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Cargo compartment light
1. Carefully insert a screwdriver and pry out the lens.
2. Pry out the bulb and replace it.
3. Press the lens back into place.
pg. 155 Maintenance
Front courtesy lights
These bulbs may be difficult for you to replace yourself. We recommend that you let an authorized
Volvo retailer replace these bulbs if necessary.
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Rear reading lights
These bulbs may be difficult for you to replace yourself. We recommend that you let an authorized
Volvo retailer replace these bulbs if necessary.
NOTE: Other bulbs may be difficult for you to replace yourself. Let an authorized Volvo retailer
replace these bulbs if necessary.
Vanity mirror lights
1. Carefully insert a screwdriver and pry out the lens.
2. Pry out the bulb and replace it.
3. Carefully press the lower edge of lens onto the four tabs and press the upper edge of the lens into
place.
pg. 156 Maintenance
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Bulbs (contd)
License plaste lights
1. Switch off the ignition.
2. Loosen the screws with a Torx screwdriver.
3. Turn the bulb holder counterclockwise and pull it out.
4. Pull out the defective bulb and insert a new one.
5. Reinsert the bulb holder into the housing and turn it clockwise.
6. Reinstall the housing and screw it into place.
pg. 157 Maintenance
Fuses
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Replacing fuses
If an electrical component fails to function, it is possible that a fuse has blown.
The fuse boxes are located in four different places:
1. Relays/fuse box in the engine compartment
2. Fuse box in the passenger compartment, behind the plastic cover
3. Fuse box in the passenger compartment, on the edge of the dashboard
4. Fuse box in the cargo compartment.
A label on the inside of each cover indicates the amperage and the electrical components that are
connected to each fuse.
The easiest way to see if a fuse is blown is to remove it. Pull the fuse straight out. If a fuse is difficult to
remove, you will find a special fuse removal tool in the passenger compartment fuse box. From the side,
examine the curved metal wire (see next page) to see if it is broken. If so, put in a new fuse of the same
color and amperage (written on the fuse). Spare fuses are stored in the fuse box in the engine
compartment and the passenger compartment. If fuses burn out repeatedly, have the electrical system
inspected by an authorized Volvo retailer.
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WARNING!
Never use fuses with higher amperage than those stated on the following pages. Doing so could
overload the vehicle's electrical system.
pg. 158 Maintenance
Fuses (contd)
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A-To open, press the plastice catches on the rear side of the fuse box cover and lift.
Fuse box in the engine compartment
When replacing fuses, be sure to replace a blown fuse with a new one of the same color and amperage
(written on the fuse). Fuses in positions marked X are replacement fuses.
Fuses in the engine compartment
No.
Amperage
1. 2. Auxiliary lights (accessory)
20A
3. 4. Oxygen sensors
20A
5. Crankcase ventilation heater, solenoid valves, fuel tank leakage monitor 10A
6. Mass air flow sensor, engine control module, injectors
15A
7. 8. A/C compressor, accelerator pedal position sensor, E-box fan
10A
9. 10. 11. Ignition coils
20A
12. 13. Windshield wipers
25A
14. ABS
30A
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15. Headlight washers
16. 17. Driver's side low beam
18. Front parking lights
19. ABS
20. Passenger's side low beam
21. Fuel pump
22. Starter motor
23. Engine control module, engine relay
24. -
35A
20A
15A
30A
20A
15A
35A
10A
pg. 159 Maintenance
Fuses in the passenger compartment
Fuses are located inside the access panel on the edge of the dashboard, on the driver's side. There are
also a number of spare fuses. When replacing a blown fuse, be sure to replace it with a new one of the
same color and amperage (written on the fuse).
No.
1. Blower - climate system
2. Audio amplifier
3. Power driver's seat (option)
4. Power passenger's seat (option)
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Amperage
30A
30A
25A
25A
2005 VOLVO XC90
5. Driver's door - central locking, power windows, door mirror
6. Front passenger's door - central locking, power windows, door mirror
7. 8. 9. Audio, navigation system (option)
10. On-board diagnostics, headlight switch, steering wheel angle sensor, steering wheel
module
11. Ignition switch, SRS, engine control module, immobilizer
12. Ceiling lighting, upper electronic control module
13. Moonroof (option)
14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38.file:///K|/ownersdocs/2005/2005_XC90/05xc90_09b.htm (21 of 25)12/30/2006 4:42:40 PM
25A
25A
10A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
2005 VOLVO XC90
pg. 160 Maintenance
Fuses (contd)
No.
Amperage
1. Heated passenger's seat
15A
2. Heated driver's seat
15A
3. Horn
15A
4. 5. Audio system
10A
6. 7. 8. Alarm siren
5A
9. Brake light switch feed
5A
10. Instrument panel, climate system, power driver's seat, Occupant Weight Sensor (USA) 10A
11. 12-volt sockets - front and rear seats
15A
12. 13. 14. 15. ABS, STC/DSTC
5A
16. Power steering, Bi-Xenon headlights (option)
10A
17. Driver's side front fog light (option)
7.5A
18. Passenger's side front fog light (option)
7.5A
19. 20. 21. Transmission control module
10A
22. Driver's side high beam
10A
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23. Passenger's side high beam
24. 25. 26. 27. 28. Power passenger's seat (option)
29. 30. 31. 32. 33. Vacuum pump
34. Pump - windshield and tailgate washers
35. 36. -
10A
5A
20A
15A
pg. 161 Maintenance
Fuses (contd)
Fuses in the cargo compartment
The fuses in the cargo area are located behind the panel on the driver's side of the cargo compartment.
When replacing a blown fuse, be sure to replace it with a new one of the same color and amperage
(written on the fuse).
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Fuses in the cargo compartment
No.
1. Backup lights
2. Parking lights, foglights, cargo compartment lighting, license plate lights, brake light
diodes
3. Accessories
4. 5. Rear electronic module
6. Navigation system (option), radio receiver, rear seat entertainment (accessory)
7. Trailer wiring (30-feed)
8. 12-volt socket in cargo compartment
9. Rear passenger's side door: power window, power window cutout function
10. Rear driver's side door: power window, power window cutout function
11. 12. 13. 14. Subwoofer (option), rear air conditioning system (option)
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Amperage
10A
20A
15A
10A
7.5A
15A
15A
20A
20A
15A
2005 VOLVO XC90
17. Accessory audio
18. 19. Rear window wiper
20. Trailer wiring (15-feed)
21. 22. 23. All Wheel Drive
24. 25. 26. Park assist
27. Main fuse: trailer wiring, park assist, All Wheel Drive
28. Central locking system
29. Driver's side trailer lighting: parking light, turn signal
30. Passenger's side trailer lighting: brake light, fog light, turn signal
31. Main fuse: fuses 37, 38
32. 33. 34. -
pg. 162 Maintenance
Fuses (contd)
35. 36. 37. Heated rear
20A
window
38. Heated rear window 20A
Contents | Top of Page
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5A
15A
20A
7.5A
5A
30A
15A
25A
25A
40A
2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Specifications
pg. 163 Specifications
Label information 164
Weights 165
Dimensions 166
Capacities 167
Lubricants 168
Cooling system 168
Suspension 169
Electrical system 171
Engine specifications 172
All specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
pg. 164 Specifications
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Label information
1. Vehicle Emission Control Information
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable emission standards, as evidenced by the certification label
on the underside of the hood. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult your
Volvo retailer.
2. Vacuum hose routing
(underside of hood)
3. Loads and Tire Pressures
(on inside of fuel filler door). Canadian models only.
4. Model plate
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN). Codes for color and upholstery, etc. The plate is located in the
engine compartment, on the inside of the left front fender.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
5. Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) 1
The VIN plate is located on the top left surface of the dashboard. The VIN is also stamped on the right
hand door pillar.
6. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specifications (USA) and Ministry of
Transport (CMVSS) standards (Canada)
Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety standards, as evidenced by the certification label on
the facing side of the driver's door. For further information regarding these regulations, please consult
your Volvo retailer.
7. Child safety latch label
8. Loads and Tire Pressures U.S. models only
Certain models will only have one decal, depending on the specifications of the vehicle.
1 The Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) should always be quoted in all correspondence concerning your vehicle with the
retailer and when ordering parts.
pg. 165 Specifications
Weights
Gross vehicle weight*
5-seat, 5-cyl, FWD
5-seat, 5-cyl, AWD
5-seat, 6-cyl, AWD
7-seat, 5-cyl, FWD
7-seat, 5-cyl, AWD
7-seat, 6-cyl, AWD
USA
5640
lbs
5790
lbs
5900
lbs
5840
lbs
6005
lbs
6080
lbs
Canada
2630 kg
2680 kg
2720 kg
2760 kg
Capacity weight
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2005 VOLVO XC90
5-seat models
7-seat models
1160
lbs
1210
lbs
525 kg
550 kg
Permissible axle weight, front*
5-seat, 5-cyl, FWD
5-seat, 5-cyl, AWD
5-seat, 6-cyl, AWD
7-seat, 5-cyl, FWD
7-seat, 5-cyl, AWD
7-seat, 6-cyl, AWD
2710
lbs
2820
lbs
2880
lbs
2710
lbs
2820
lbs
2880
lbs
1280 kg
1310 kg
1280 kg
1310 kg
FWD = Front Wheel Drive
AWD = All Wheel Drive
* Permissible axle weight or gross vehicle weight must never be exceeded.
Permissible axle weight, rear* USA
5-seat, 5-cyl, FWD
3060 lbs
5-seat, 5-cyl, AWD
3150 lbs
5-seat, 6-cyl, AWD
3150 lbs
7-seat, 5-cyl, FWD
3170 lbs
7-seat, 5-cyl, AWD
3240 lbs
7-seat, 6-cyl, AWD
3240 lbs
Curb weight
4310-4340
5-seat, FWD
lbs
4440-4620
5-seat, AWD
lbs
4450-4490
7-seat, FWD
lbs
4590-4770
7-seat, AWD
lbs
Canada
1430 kg
1430 kg
1470 kg
1470 kg
2030-2090 kg
2085-2150 kg
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Max. roof load
Trailer weight, w/o brakes
Trailer weight, with brakes
220 lbs
100 kg
1700 lbs
750 kg
See the table on page 105
Max. tongue weight
See the table on page 105
pg. 166 Specifications
Dimensions
Dimensions
Length
Width
Height
Wheelbase
Front track
Rear track
Turning
circle
188.9 in (479.8 cm)
74.7 in (189.8 cm)
70.2 in (178.4 cm)
112.5 in (285.7 cm)
64.3 in (163.4 cm)
63.9 (162.4 cm)
39-40 ft. (11.9-12.3 m)
Cargo capacity
With optional 3rd row of seats folded down:
5-seat: 41.6 cu ft (1178 litres)
7-seat: 43.3 cu ft (1225 litres)
Behind 1st row of seats, with 2nd (and optional 3rd) row of seats folded down:
5-seat: 84.9 cu ft (2403 litres)
7-seat: 85.1 cu ft (2410 litres)
Behind 1st row of seats, with front passenger seat, 2nd row (and optional 3rd row) of seats folded
down:
5-seat: 92.0 cu ft (2606 litres)
7-seat: 93.2 cu ft (2640 litres)
pg. 167 Specifications
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Capacities
Fuel tank
Engine oil
B5254T2
B6294T
Transmission oil
Automatic
Miscellaneous
Power steering
Windshield washer
reservoir
Brake fluid
Air conditioning system
Models with 6-cylinder turbo engines - 19 US gallons (72 liters).
Models with 5-cylinder turbo engines - 18 US gallons (68 liters).
Minimum octane requirement - AKI 87 (RON 91) - unleaded fuel (See
also page 86)
6.1 US qts. (5.8 liters)
7.0 US qts. (6.6 liters)
7.6 US qts. (7.2 liters)
0.9 US qts. (0.9 liters)
6.9 US qts. (6.5 liters)
0.63 US qts. (0.6 liters)
Front - 2.2 lb. (1 kg), Rear (option) 2.9 lb. (1.3 kg) R 134a (HFC134a)
WARNING!
When adding accessories, equipment, luggage and other cargo to your vehicle, the total capacity
weight must not be exceeded.
pg. 168 Specifications
Lubricants
Engine oil
Meeting minimum ILSAC specification GF-2, including ACEA A1, API SJ, SJ/CF and SJ/Energy
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Conserving.
Oil additives must not be used.
Transmission
Oil grade:
JWS 3309
Different types of oil should never be mixed.
Power steering
Grade: Volvo synthetic power steering fluid (Pentosin CHF 11S) P/N 1161529 or equivalent.
Brake fluid
Fluid type: DOT 4+ boiling point >536°F (280°C), P/N 9437433
Cooling system
Type
Positive pressure, closed system.
Coolant Volvo original coolant/antifreeze
5-cyl. turbo 9.5 US qts. (9.0 liters)
Volume
6-cyl. turbo 11.0 US qts (10.5 liters)
The thermostat begins to open at 194°F (90°C).
pg. 169 Specifications
Suspension
Rear suspension
Individual rear wheel suspension with longitudinal support arms, double link arms and track rods.
Front suspension
Spring strut suspension with integrated shock absorbers and control arms linked to the support frame.
Power-assisted rack and pinion steering. Safety type steering column.
pg. 170 Specifications
Three-way catalytic converter cautions
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical,
fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter
temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of
power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly tuned
engine will help avoid malfunctions that could damage the three-way catalytic converter.
● Do not park your vehicle over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into
contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather
conditions.
● Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), or an intermittently firing or flooded engine can
cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.
● Remember that tampering or unauthorized modifications to the engine, the Electronic Control
Module, or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system
overheating. This includes:
- Altering fuel injection setting or components.
- Altering emission system components or location or removing components.
- Repeated use of leaded fuel.
●
NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for vehicles with three-way catalytic converters.
pg. 171 Specifications
Electrical system
12-volt system with voltage controlled generator. Single wire system in which the chassis and engine
block are used as conductors, grounded on the chassis.
Battery
2.5T T6
Voltage
12 V 12 V
Cold start capacity
520 A 600 A
(CCA)
90
Reserve capacity (RC)
115 min
min
If you must replace your battery, be sure to replace it with a battery of the same cold start capacity and
reserve capacity as the original (See the decal on the battery).
Generator max. current 140 A*
160 A
Starter motor, power 1.4 kW
1.7 kW
Spark plugs
P/N272313-8 or equivalent
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Gap
Tightening torque
Firing order
0.028 in.
22 ft. lbs.
1-2-4-5-3
0.7 mm
(30 Nm)
1-5-3-6-2-4
* Models equipped with the optional rear A/C unit have 160 A generators.
pg. 172 Specifications
Engine specifications,
Output (kW/rps)
- (hp/rpm)
Torque (Nm/rps)
- (ft. lbs./rpm)
No. of cylinders
Bore (in./mm)
Stroke (in./mm)
Cylinder displacement,
liters
Compression ratio
B5254T2
154/83
208/5000
320/25-75
236/1500-4500
5
3.27/83
3.67/93.2
2.52 (153.8 cu
in)
9.0:1
B6294T
200/87
268/5200
380/30-83
280/1800-5000
6
3.27/83
3.54/90
2.92 (178.3 cu in)
8.5:1
Charge air cooler (Intercooler)
Turbocharged engines employ a turbo-compressor to force air into the engine inlet manifold and a
charge air cooler to cool the compressed inlet air. The resulting increase in air flow raises pressure in the
intake manifold and increases engine power over that developed by the normally-aspirated engine. The
charge air cooler (which resembles a radiator) is located between the turbo-compressor and inlet
manifold.
Fuel system
The engine is equipped with a multiport fuel injection system.
pg. 173 Specifications
Volvo On Call Roadside Assistance
Your new Volvo comes with a four year ON CALL roadside assistance. Additional information,
features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
If you have misplaced your package, dial:
In the U.S.A.
1-800-638-6586 (1-800-63-VOLVO)
In Canada:
1-800-263-0475
Technician certification
In addition to Volvo factory training, Volvo supports certification by the National Institute for
Automotive Excellence (A.S.E.). Certified technicians have demonstrated a high degree of competence
in specific areas. Besides passing exams, each technician must also have worked in the field for two or
more years before a certificate is issued. These professional technicians are best able to analyze vehicle
problems and perform the necessary maintenance procedures to keep your Volvo at peak operating
condition.
pg. 174 Specifications
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Contents | Top of Page
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2005 VOLVO XC90
2005
VOLVO
XC90
Audio
pg. 175 Audio
Audio system 176
Audio system controls 177
Audio functions 180
Radio functions 184
Menu settings and selections 190
CD player 191
CD changer (option) 193
Audio systems - general information 195
HomeLink® Universal Transceiver 196
pg. 176 Audio
Audio system
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2005 VOLVO XC90
1. On/Off
2. Volume
3. CD player
4. AM/FM - for switching between FM1, FM2 and AM
5. Display
6. ENTER - select in the menu or activate a selection
7. MY KEY - programmable key for your favorite function from the menu
8. SELECTOR - select sound source
9. SOUND - make sound settings
10. EXIT/CLEAR - step back in the menu or cancel a selection
11. Menu selections
12. CD eject
13. CD slot, CD changer (option)
14. Storage compartment
15. MY KEY - programmable keys for your favorite functions from the menu
16. Station preset buttons/CD changer discs (1-6)
17. Infrared (IR) port - for the optional audio/navigation system remote control
18. Seek/change tracks or stations
pg. 177 Audio
Audio system controls
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Steering wheel keypad (option)
The four buttons on the steering wheel keypad can be used to control the audio system. The steering
wheel keypad can be used to adjust volume, shift between preset stations and change CD tracks.
●
Press the
or
buttons briefly to search for a radio station, or to go to the next/previous
track on a CD
● Press and hold down these buttons to search within a track.
Display
The display (1) shows the currently selected function, menu selections, etc.
Clean the display with a dry, soft, lint-free cloth. Do not use cleaning agents.
Accessing and using menus
In menu mode, you can change settings and program new functions in the audio system. The various
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menu alternatives are shown in the display.
Press the menu button (2) to enter menu mode. Use the menus as follows:
● Use the menu keys (3) to navigate up or down in the menus. Dots in the display indicated that there
are more menu selections from which to choose.
● One long press on EXIT/CLEAR exits menu mode.
● A short press on the EXIT/CLEAR enables you to cancel, undo, or answer no to a menu selection, or
to go back in the menu structure.
● Pressing ENTER confirms a menu selection, or takes you to the next submenu.
pg. 178 Audio
Audio system controls (contd)
Rear headphone connectors and controls (option)
The door panels behind the second row of seats can be equipped with headphone connectors for
passengers in the second and optional third row of seats. Several people can listen to different sound
sources, such as CDs or the radio at the same time without disturbing each other.
Two sets of headphones can be plugged into each connector.
● Use the SEL button (1) to step between the sound sources.
● Press the arrow keys (2) briefly to change CD tracks or switch between preset stations.
● Hold down the arrow keys to fast forward/reverse, or search for the previous/next strong radio station.
● Hold down the SEL button to turn off the sound.
For the best sound reproduction, we recommend headphones with impedance between 16-32 ohm. The
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sensitivity of these should be equal to or greater than 102 dB. The headphone connections are intended
for 3.5 mm contacts and are located under the lower edge of the socket.
All headphones are automatically turned off when the ignition is switched off. They must be manually
restarted when the ignition is switched on again.
Headphones - limitations
● The headphones will only work when the ignition key is in position I or higher.
● If a set of headphones is connected to the same source that is being sent through the speakers, the
headphone controls cannot be used to change track or station. This is to prevent the driver from being
distracted by an unexpected change in music.
● If the driver selects the same sound source as someone listening to this source through headphones,
the driver takes control of the sound source.
● Only one disc in the optional CD changer, and one track on the CD can be played at a time.
● Headphone users can choose from among the preset radio stations (AM, FM1, FM2) previously set by
the driver.
● If FM is played in the speakers, AM is not available and vice versa.
pg. 179 Audio
Remote control (option)
1. Memory - stores radio stations that have been found by a search
To store a station:
- Press the memory button (1). The preset station number will flash 4 times in the display
- While the preset number is flashing, use the + or - buttons (5) to select a position at which to store the
station
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2005 VOLVO XC90
- Press button 1 again to store the station
2. Volume
3. Forward/back - fast forward or back
4. Source - step between sound sources
5. Preset/disc - selects among CD's (in the optional CD changer) or preset radio stations
6. Auto store - searches for and stores the strongest radio stations
7. Not in use
8. Not in use
9. Power - off/on
Point the remote control toward the IR port on the radio panel (see the illustration on page 176).
NOTE: If the remote control does not function properly, check the batteries (AAA or R03).
pg. 180 Audio
Audio functions
On/Off button
To activate the system:
1. Turn the ignition key to position I.
2. Press the POWER button (1) to switch the audio system on or off.
NOTE: If you switch off the ignition while the audio system is on, the system will be on when the
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2005 VOLVO XC90
ignition is switched on again.
Volume control
Turn the knob (2) clockwise or counterclockwise to raise or lower the volume. The volume control is
electronic and has no end position. Volume can also be raised (+) or lowered (-) using the optional
steering wheel keypad.
Pause mode
If the volume is turned off, the CD player will go into pause mode. Re-activate the player by turning up
the volume.
Selecting a sound source
A sound source can be selected either with the function buttons (3) - CD, AM/FM, or with the
SELECTOR control (4).
To select a sound source:
● Turn the SELECTOR control to choose FM1, FM2, AM, CD, CD changer (option)
● Press the AM/FM button repeatedly to choose between FM1, FM2, AM
● Press the CD button to change to the CD player or optional CD changer
The selected sound source will be shown in the display.
pg. 181 Audio
Sound settings
1. Press the SOUND button (1) repeatedly until you come to the setting that you wish to change. Choose
BASS, TREBLE, FADER, BALANCE, SUBWOOFER (option), CENTER (option) or SURROUND
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2005 VOLVO XC90
(option).
2. Use the SELECTOR control (2) to adjust the level of the setting you have selected. The display shows
a scale from min. to max. position. The center indicates the normal position.
NOTE:
- Sound level for the center speaker can only be set if Dolby Pro Logic II (DPL II) or three-channel
stereo (3-CH) is selected in the menu.
- Sound level for the subwoofer can only be set if SUBWOOFER is selected in the menu.
- Volume for the surround sound can only be set if Dolby Pro Logic II (DPL II) is selected in the menu.
Setting
Shown in the display
Bass
BASS
Treble
TREBLE
Balance between the right and left speakers BALANCE
Balance between the front and rear speakers FADER
Bass speaker level
SUBWOOFER (option)
Center speaker level
CENTER (Premium Sound system only)
Surround sound level
SURROUND (Premium Sound system only)
pg. 182 Audio
Audio function (contd)
SURROUND MODE
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Dolby Surround Pro Logic II (DPL II), 3-channel stereo (3-CH) - option
Dolby Surround Pro Logic II together with a center speaker in the dashboard offers you a sound
experience very close to a live performance. The normal left-right stereo channels are divided to leftcenter-right. In addition, surround sound is produced by the rear speakers. This surround sound mirrors
the resonance of a concert hall. Dolby Surround Pro Logic II functions in CD and FM modes. 3-channel
stereo is recommended for AM radio broadcasts.
Dolby Surround Pro Logic II is only available on the highest level audio system - Premium Sound.
Use the following instructions to select PRO LOGIC II, 3-CHANNEL, or to turn these functions off. See
also the menu structure on page 190.
1. Select AUDIO SETTINGS in the menu and press ENTER.
2. Select SURROUND and press ENTER.
3. Select Dolby AM/FM, or Dolby CD and press ENTER.
4. Select PRO LOGIC II, 3-CHANNEL, or OFF and press ENTER.
● The symbol
PL II is displayed when Pro Logic II is selected.
● 3-CH is shown when 3-channel stereo is selected.
● OFF indicates normal stereo mode.
Dolby noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
"Dolby Surround Pro Logic II", and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories
Licensing Corporation. Dolby Surround Pro Logic II is manufactured under licence from Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
pg. 183 Audio
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Bass speaker - SUBWOOFER (option)
The subwoofer helps the system provide fuller sound and deeper bass.
1. Select AUDIO SETTINGS in the menu and press ENTER.
2. Select SUBWOOFER and press ENTER. See page 181 for information on setting the subwoofer level.
Equalizer FR
EQ - FRONT(certain audio systems)
This function is used to fine-tune the sound from the front speakers.
1. Select AUDIO SETTINGS in the menu and press ENTER.
2. Select Equalizer FR and press ENTER.
3. Use the menu selection buttons to set the level or use the SELECTOR control.
4. Press ENTER to select the next frequency. You can select five frequencies.
5. Press ENTER until you come to the menu mode to save the changes you have made.
Equalizer RR
EQ - REAR (certain audio systems)
This function is used to fine-tune the sound from the rear speakers.
1. Select AUDIO SETTINGS in the menu and press ENTER.
2. Select EQ- REAR and press ENTER.
3. Use the menu selection buttons to set the level or use the SELECTOR control.
4. Press ENTER to select the next frequency. You can select five frequencies.
5. Press ENTER until you come to the menu mode to save the changes you have made.
pg. 184 Audio
Radio functions
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Station search
1. Choose radio mode AM/FM1/FM2 using the SELECTOR control (1) or the AM/FM button (2).
2. Press briefly on
or
to search for the next strong station. The radio will search for the next
audible station and then stop.
3. Press one of the buttons again to start a new search.
Manually search for a known frequency
1. Press and hold the
or
button (or the corresponding buttons on the steering wheel
keypad). MAN will be shown in the display. The radio will slowly scroll in the desired direction and
then increase speed after a few seconds.
2. Release the button when the desired frequency is displayed.
3. If you need to adjust the frequency, press briefly on
or
.
4. The manual search function is available for five seconds after you last pressed the button.
pg. 185 Audio
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Storing stations
To store a selected station under one of the station setting buttons 0-9 (1):
1. Set the desired station.
2. Press the button under which the station is to be stored and keep it depressed. The sound will be
interrupted for several seconds and STATION STORED is shown in the display. The station is now
stored.
You can store up to 10 stations each for AM, FM1 and FM2, i.e. a total of 30 stations.
Radio Frequency band
FM 87.7 - 107.9 MHz
AM 530 - 1710 kHz
MY KEY - programming a shortcut
Use the MY KEY buttons (2, 3) to program a favorite function from the menu, such as SCAN,
AUTOSTORE, etc. See page 190 for the functions that can be programmed with the MY KEY button.
1. Use the MENU buttons to scroll among the functions.
2. Select the desired function from the menu by holding one of the MY KEY buttons depressed for more
than two seconds.
3. When MY KEY STORED is shown in the display, the function has been stored.
4. Activate the function by briefly pressing the MY KEY button with which the functions was stored.
Repeat steps 1-4 to store new functions on the MY KEY buttons.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
NOTE: The MY KEY buttons can only be programmed for one shortcut function at a time.
pg. 186 Audio
Radio functions (contd)
Automatically storing stations - AUTOSTORE
This function automatically searches for, and stores up to 10 strong AM or FM stations in a separate
memory. If more than 10 stations are found, the 10 strongest ones will be stored. The function is
especially useful in areas in which you are not acquainted with radio stations or their frequencies.
1. Choose radio mode using the SELECTOR control or the AM/FM button.
2. Select AUTOSTORE in the menu and press ENTER.
3. Select AST SEARCH and press ENTER.
4. AUTOSTORING is shown in the display and a number of strong stations (max. 10) from the set
frequency band are now automatically stored in the autostore memory. If there are no stations with
sufficient signal strength, NO AST FOUND is displayed.
5. The stored stations are available under the buttons 0-9 (1).
6. When the radio is in autostore mode, AUTO is shown in the display. AUTO disappears when you
return to the normal radio mode.
7. Return to normal radio mode by pressing the AM/FM button or EXIT/CLEAR.
8. To access previously stored stations, carry out steps 1-2 but select AST MODE in step 3 and press
ENTER.
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pg. 187 Audio
Radio Broadcast Data System (RBDS)
This feature, which may not be available in your area, functions only with FM broadcasts.
The radio in your car is equipped with an advanced system allowing information from broadcasters to be
transmitted visually, as text, together with the audio signal. This information is then decoded by the
radio and made available for several new and unique features. The RBDS or Radio Broadcast Data
System operates in the FM band only, and the information transmitted is supplied exclusively by
participating broadcasters. Volvo has no control over the accuracy of the data or information.
Coverage by local broadcasters may be limited at this time, but as the technology and benefits grow, you
will find the radio in your car is equipped to take advantage of this system.
NOTE: PI (Program Information) Seek: When an FM station has been stored as a preset, the radio also
stores RBDS program information if it is available. When the preset is selected at a later time, the radio
tries to access updated program information. In weak signal areas, there may be a delay before the
station becomes audible. During this delay, there will be no sound and the text "PI seek. Press EXIT to
cancel." will be displayed. You may press EXIT to immediately tune in the station without RBDS
program information.
Scanning - SCAN
This function automatically searches for the next strongest AM and FM stations. When the radio finds a
station, it will pause for approximately 8 seconds, after which it will continue scanning.
1. Choose radio mode using the SELECTOR control (1) or the AM/FM button (2).
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2. Select SCAN to start searching and press ENTER.
3. SCAN will be shown in the display.
4. Press the EXIT/CLEAR button to stop scanning.
pg. 188 Audio
Radio functions (contd)
Program type/Format - PTY
The PTY function allows you to find programs that suit your taste. Use the PTY function to select from
among the different program types shown in the list.
Which PTY does the set station have?
1. Select RADIO SETTINGS in the menu and press ENTER.
2. Select PTY in the menu and press ENTER.
3. Select SHOW PTY TEXT and press ENTER. The PTY of the selected station is now shown in the
display.
NOTE: Not all radio stations have PTY designations.
Program type
Switch off/
deactivate
News
Information
Sports
Text displayed
CLEAR ALL PTY
NEWS
INFORMATION
SPORT
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Talk
Rock
Classic rock
Adult hits
Soft rock
Top 40
Country
Oldies
Soft
Nostalgia
Jazz
Classical
Rhythm & Blues
Soft R&B
Language
Religious music
Religious talk
Personality
Public
College
Weather
TALK
ROCK
CLASSIC ROCK
ADULT HITS
SOFT ROCK
TOP 40
COUNTRY
OLDIES
SOFT
NOSTALGIA
JAZZ
CLASSICAL
RHYTHM & BLUES
SOFT R&B
LANGUAGE
RELIGIOUS MUSIC
RELIGION TALK
PERSONALITY
PUBLIC
COLLEGE
WEATHER
Radio text
Certain stations broadcast program information, which can be shown in the display.
1. Press the MENU button.
2. Select RADIOTEXT in the menu and press ENTER.
3. Select RADIOTEXT again to deactivate.
pg. 189 Audio
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Search for a specific program type - PTY
This functions enables you to search for a certain type of program by searching through the entire
waveband.
1. Select FM1 or FM2 and press the MENU button.
2. Select RADIO SETTINGS and press ENTER.
3. Select PTY and press ENTER.
4. Choose SELECT PTY and press ENTER.
5. Press ENTER for one or more of the listed program types to select. The PTY symbol is displayed and
lights up when you make your first selection and the radio goes into PTY mode.
6. When you have made all of your selections, press EXIT/CLEAR to exit the PTY list.
7. Select SEARCH PTY and press ENTER. If the radio finds a station with the selected program type,
this station will be played.
8. If the radio finds a station that does not match your selections, continue the search with the
and
buttons.
9. If no station with the selected program type is found, the radio will return to the previously tuned
frequency. PTY will remain in standby mode.
10. To deactivate the PTY standby mode, select CLEAR ALL PTY and press ENTER. The PTY symbol
then disappears and the radio returns to the normal operating mode.
PTY standby
To set the radio in PTY standby, repeat steps 1-6.
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Contents | Top of Page
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pg. 190 Audio
Menu settings and selections
Main menus/submenus
RADIO
1. AUTOSTORE*
1.1. AST MODE
1.2. AST SEARCH
1.2.1 AUTOSTORING
2. SCAN* ON/OFF**
3. RADIOTEXT* ON/OFF**
4. RADIO SETTINGS
4.1. PTY
4.1.1. SELECT PTY
4.1.2. SEARCH PTY*
4.1.3. SHOWPTY ON/OFF**
4.2. AF* ON**/OFF
4.3. RESET ALL
5. AUDIO SETTINGS
5.1. Dolby AM/FM
5.1.1. Pro Logic II
5.1.2. 3CH
5.1.3. OFF**
5.2. Dolby CD
5.2.1. Pro Logic II**
5.2.2. 3CH
5.2.3. OFF
5.3. SUBWOOFER* ON/OFF** (certain audio systems)
5.4. EQ FRONT (certain audio systems)
5.5. EQ REAR (option)
5.6. RESET ALL
CD (single disc)
1. RANDOM*
2. SCAN*
3. AUDIO SETTINGS*
3.1. Dolby AM/FM
3.1.1. Pro Logic II
3.1.2. 3CH
3.1.3. OFF**
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3.2. Dolby CD
3.2.1. Pro Logic II**
3.2.2. 3 CH
3.2.3. OFF ON/**OFF
3.3. SUBWOOFER* ON/OFF** (option)
3.4. EQ FRONT (certain audio systems)
3.5. EQ REAR (certain audio systems)
3.6. RESET ALL
CDX (CD changer - option)
1. RANDOM*
1.1. OFF
1.2. SINGLE DISC
1.3. ALL DISCS
2. SCAN*
3. DISC TEXT
4. AUDIO SETTINGS*
4.1. Dolby AM/FM
4.1.1. Pro Logic II
4.1.2. 3CH
4.1.3. OFF**
4.2. Dolby CD
4.2.1. Pro Logic II**
4.2.2. 3 CH
4.2.3. OFF ON/**OFF
4.3. SUBWOOFER* ON**/OFF (option)
4.4. EQ FRONT (certain audio systems)
4.5. EQ REAR (certain audio systems)
4.6. RESET ALL
* These functions can be programmed with MY KEY (see page 185).
** Default
pg. 191 Audio
CD player
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Starting the CD
1. Select the CD mode using the SELECTOR control (1) or the CD button (2).
2. Insert a CD into the player.
CD Pause
To pause CD playback, turn the volume all the way down. "CD paused" will be displayed. This will not
occur if someone in the rear seat is listening to the CD through the optional headphones.
Play will resume when the volume is turned up again.
Changing tracks
Press
to go to the next track or
to go to the previous track. The track number is shown in the
display. If you have a keypad in the steering wheel, you can use the arrow keys in the same way.
Searching within a track
Press and hold down
or
to search within a track or the whole disc. The search continues as
long as the buttons are depressed. If you have a keypad in the steering wheel, you can use the arrow keys
in the same way.
Random play
This function plays the tracks on a CD in random order (shuffle).
1. Press the MENU button.
2. Select RANDOM and press ENTER.
3. RND is shown in the display as long as the function is activated.
4. Go into the menu and select RANDOM OFF to stop random play, or press EXIT.
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pg. 192 Audio
CD player (contd)
SCAN This function plays the first ten seconds of each track.
1. Press the MENU button.
2. Select SCAN and press ENTER.
3. Press EXIT/CLEAR to listen to an entire track.
Disctext
Certain CDs contain information about the disc, such as the titles of the tracks, etc. This information can
be shown in the display by activating the DISCTEXT function.
1. Press the MENU button.
2. Select DISCTEXT in the menu and press ENTER.
3. Any information that may be stored on the disc will be displayed.
4. To deactivate this function, select DISCTEXT and press ENTER.
NOTE: This function is only available on the CD changer.
CD eject
Press button 1 to eject the CD.
NOTE: For reasons of traffic safety, the ejected CD must be removed within 12 seconds or it will be
automatically drawn back into the slot and the CD player will enter pause mode. Press the CD button to
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restart the disc.
pg. 193 Audio
CD changer (option)
CD changer (option)
The CD changer can hold up to six discs.
1. Choose CD mode using the SELECTOR control or the CD button.
2. Select an empty slot with the number keys 1-6 (1). The display indicates which slots are empty.
3. Insert a disc into the changer.
To insert a new disc, you must first select an available empty slot in the CD changer. Make sure
INSERT DISC is displayed before inserting a new disc.
Selecting disc number
Use the station setting buttons 1-6 (1) to select which disc is to be played. The number of the disc and
the track are shown in the display.
SCAN
This function plays the first ten seconds of each track and only functions on the currently selected disc.
1. Press the MENU button.
2. Select SCAN and press ENTER.
Press EXIT/CLEAR to listen to an entire track.
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Changing tracks
Press
to go to the next track or
to go to the previous track. The track number is shown in
the display. If you have a keypad in the steering wheel, you can use the arrow keys in the same way.
Searching within a track
Press and hold down
or
to search within a track or the whole disc. The search continues as
long as the buttons are depressed. If you have a keypad in the steering wheel, you can use the arrow keys
in the same way.
pg. 194 Audio
CD changer (option) (contd)
Random play
This function offers two alternatives for playing the tracks on the disc(s) in the CD changer in random
order (shuffle).
●
●
Random one (random order on the currently selected disc)
Random all (random order on all of the CD's in the changer)
To play tracks in random order:
1. Press the MENU button.
2. Select RANDOM and press ENTER.
3. Select SINGLE DISCS or ALL DISCS to play tracks randomly from one or all of the discs in the CD
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changer.
4. RND or RND ALL is shown in the display for as long as the function is activated.
NOTE: Press
to play the next randomly selected track. This can only be done on the currently
selected disc.
5. Press EXIT to stop random play.
Ejecting one disc
A short press on the EJECT button (1) will eject the CD that is currently playing.
NOTE: For reasons of traffic safety, you have 12 seconds in which to remove the ejected disc. After
that, the disc automatically reinserts into the player.
Ejecting all discs
A long press on the EJECT button (1) starts the EJECT ALL function.
The text EJECTING ALL will be displayed and the entire magazine will be emptied disc by disc.
NOTE:
- The EJECT ALL function can only be used while the vehicle is at a standstill and will be cancelled if
the vehicle begins to move.
- For reasons of traffic safety, you have 12 seconds in which to remove the ejected disc. After that, the
disc automatically reinserts into the player.
pg. 195 Audio
Audio systems - general information
Compact disc care
● Before using a new CD for the first time, remove any burrs in the center/outer edge by running the
stem of a pen or similar object around the hole/edge of the disc.
● Use CD standard EN 60908 discs only. Discs not meeting this standard may cause problems with
system (poor sound). CDR discs can cause listening problems due to the quality of the disc or recording
equipment used.
● Keep the discs clean. Wipe them with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth, working from the center outwards.
If necessary, dampen the cloth with a neutral soap solution. Dry thoroughly before using.
● Never use cleaning spray or antistatic liquid. Use only cleaners specifically made for CD's.
● Use discs of the correct size only (3.5" discs should never be used).
● Do not put tape or labels on the disc itself. They could become stuck in the player.
● Volvo does not recommend the use of plastic outer rings on the disc.
● Condensation may occur on discs/optical components of the changer in cold winter weather. The disc
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can be dried with a clean, lint-free cloth. Optical components in the CD changer may, however, take up
to one hour to dry off.
● Never attempt to play a disc which is damaged in any way.
● When not in use, the discs should be stored in their covers. Avoid storing discs in excessive heat,
direct sunlight or dusty locations.
pg. 196 Audio
HomeLink® Universal Transceiver
Hand-held transmitter
HomeLink® Universal Transceiver
HomeLink® is an advanced system that can be programmed to learn the codes of three different remote
controlled-devices (e.g., garage door openers, remote lighting, entry door lock). HomeLink®'s sun visormounted transceiver, powered by your vehicle's electrical system, may then be used in place of your
hand-held remote controls.
NOTE: For your security, the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver is designed to not function if you lock
your vehicle from the outside.
Programming the transceiver
1. The ignition switch must be turned to the "accessory" position (II) before programming the
HomeLink® Universal Transceiver.
2. Begin by erasing all 3 factory default channels. Hold down the two outside buttons (buttons 1 and 3 in
the illustration) on the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver for about 20 seconds, until HomeLink®'s
indicator light begins to flash. Then release the buttons.
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3. Hold your hand-held transmitter (garage door opener, for example) 2 to 5 in. (5 to 12 cm) away from
the HomeLink® surface, keeping the indicator light in view. For placement questions, contact
HomeLink® toll-free 1-800-355-3515 (Internet: www.HomeLink.com).
4. Using two hands, push and hold both your hand-held transmitter's button and the transceiver button
you wish to program. The indicator light will flash first slowly, then rapidly. Rapid flashing tells you the
HomeLink® button has been successfully programmed. Release both buttons.
5. If you are programming a rolling code-equipped device (e.g., garage door opener or entry door lock),
refer to "Programming rolling codes" on the next page to complete the programming process.
Repeat steps 3 and 4 to program the other two transceiver buttons.
If, after several attempts, you are unable to successfully train the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver to
learn your hand-held transmitter's signal, contact HomeLink® toll-free 1-800-355-3515 (Internet: www.
HomeLink.com).
pg. 197 Audio
WARNING!
- If you use HomeLink® to open a garage door or gate, be sure no one is near the gate or door while it
is in motion.
- Do not use the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver with any garage door opener that lacks safety
"stop" and "reverse" features as required by federal safety standards. (This includes any garage door
opener model manufactured before April 1, 1982). A garage door opener that cannot "detect" an
object, signalling the door to "stop" and "reverse" does not meet current federal safety standards.
Using a garage door opener without these features increases the risk of serious injury or death. For
more information on this matter, call toll-free 1-800-355-3515 (Internet: www.HomeLink.com).
NOTE: Canadian residents: During programming, your hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting. To successfully train HomeLink®, continue to hold the HomeLink® button. At the same
time, repeatedly press and hold your hand-held transmitter's button at two-second intervals until
HomeLink® has learned your transmitter's code. The HomeLink® indicator light will flash first slowly,
and then rapidly to indicate that the button has been successfully programmed.
Determining if your garage door uses a rolling code
Determine, in one of the following ways, if your garage door uses a rolling code system and is
manufactured after 1996:
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Refer to the garage door opener owner's manual for verification.
● If your hand-held transmitter appears to program the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver but the
programmed button does not activate the garage door, your garage door opener may have a rolling code.
● Press the programmed HomeLink® button. If the garage door opener has the rolling code feature, the
HomeLink® indicator light flashes rapidly and then glows steadily after approximately 2 seconds.
●
To train a rolling code garage door opener,
follow these instructions after programming the desired transceiver button according to "Programming
the transceiver." The help of a second person may make training easier.
1. Locate the training button on the garage door opener motor head unit. The location and color of the
training button may vary. If you encounter difficulty, refer to the garage door opener owner's manual or
call toll-free 1-800-355-3515 (Internet: www.HomeLink.com).
2. Press the "training" button on the garage door opener motor head unit until the "training" light comes
on.
3. Press and release the programmed HomeLink® button. Press and release the programmed
HomeLink® button a second time to complete the training process.
4. Some garage door openers may require you to do this procedure a third time to complete the training.
5. The programmed button on your HomeLink® Universal Transceiver should now operate your garage
door opener. The original hand-held transmitter can also be used, as desired, to operate the garage door.
The remaining two HomeLink® buttons can be programmed in the same way. In the event of any
problems in programming the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver, call toll-free 1-800-355-3515
(Internet: www.HomeLink.com).
Operating the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver
Once programmed, the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver can be used in place of your handheld
transmitters.
To operate, the key must be turned to the "accessory" position (II) or the engine must be running. Press
the programmed HomeLink® button to activate the garage door, driveway gate, security lighting, home
security system, etc.
pg. 198 Audio
Your original hand-held transmitters may, of course, be used at any time.
Erasing programmed buttons
Individual buttons cannot be erased. To erase all three programmed buttons:
1. Turn the ignition key to the "accessory" position (II).
2. Hold down the two outside buttons on the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver for about 20 seconds,
until HomeLink®'s indicator light begins to flash.
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3. Release both buttons.
The HomeLink® buttons can be reprogrammed using the procedures described on the previous page.
Reprogramming a single HomeLink® button
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button. Do not release the button until step 3 has been
completed.
2. When the indicator light begins to flash slowly (after approximately 20 seconds), position your handheld transmitter 2 to 5 in. (5 to 12 cm) away from the HomeLink® surface.
3. Press and hold the hand-held transmitter button. The HomeLink® indicator light will flash first
slowly, then rapidly. When the indicator light flashes rapidly, release both buttons.
The previously programmed device has now been erased and the new device can be activated by
pressing the HomeLink® button that has just been programmed. This procedure will not affect any other
programmed HomeLink® buttons.
NOTE:
● Retain the original transmitter(s) for future programming procedures (e.g., if you purchase a new
vehicle).
● For your own security, erase all programmed buttons on the HomeLink® Universal Transceiver when
you sell your vehicle.
● Metallic sun protection films should not be used on any windows in a vehicle equipped with
HomeLink® Universal Transceiver. This could interfere with the transceiver's function.
Contents | Top of Page
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2005
VOLVO
XC90
Index
pg. 199-203 Index
A
A/C (air conditioning) 54
ABS ii, 27, 98
Adjustable steering wheel 35
Air bags - dual threshold/stage 5
Air cleaner 140
Air distribution 51, 54
Air Quality sensor 55
Air vents 51
Airbag - Side Impact (SIPS) 12
Alarm 82
All Wheel Drive 96
All Wheel Drive - towing 103
Anchorages, for child seats 21
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) ii, 27
Approach lighting 35
Ashtray 43, 68
Audio system 175
AUTO (climate control) 53
Automatic climate control, ECC 52
Automatic gearbox 91
Automatic Locking Retractor 22
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Auxiliary 12-volt sockets 43
Auxiliary lights 32
Average speed 39
AWD 96
B
Bass 181
Battery 138, 145, 171
Battery - replacing 147
Battery drain - avoiding 92
Battery maintenance 146
Belt check 139
Blower (fan) 53
Booster cushion, integrated20
Brake system 28, 97
Bulbs, list of 149
Bulbs, replacing 150
C
Capacities 167
Capacity weight 120
Carbon Monoxide - Important Warning 87
Cargo capacity 166
Catalytic converter 170
CD changer 193
CD eject 192
CD Pause 191
CD player 191
Ceiling lighting 155
Center console - storage compartments 68
Central locking system - remote control 77
Changing coolant 139
Changing oil and oil filter 141
Check Engine warning light 29
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Child booster cushion 20
Child restraint anchorages 21
Child safety 19
Child safety locks 81
Child seat anchors 20
Cleaning the upholstery 132
Climate control systems - general information 50
Clock 26
Coat hanger 70
Coin compartment 68
Cold tires, definition 113
Cold weather precautions 109
Coolant - changing 139, 143
Coolant - checking level of 139
Cooling system 168
Courtesy light 65
Cruise control 40
Cup holder 68, 69
Cup holder in rear seat 68
Curb weight 120
Current fuel consumption 39
D
Defroster 53
Dimensions 166
Dolby Pro Logic II (DPL II) 181
Door mirror defroster 38
Driving economically 91
DSTC 31, 99
Dual-threshold air bags 5
E
ECC 52
Economical driving 91
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Electric socket 32
Electrical current - conserving 92
Electrical sockets, 12-volt 43
Electrical system 171
Emergency Locking Retractor 22
Engine - starting 89
Engine compartment 140
Engine oil 141
Engine oil - checking 142
Engine oil, capacity 167
Engine specifications 172
Environment iii
F
Fader 181
Federal Clean Air Act 136
FIX NEXT SERVICE 30
Flat tire, changing 124
Floor mats 66
Fog light symbol (rear) 29
Fog lights, front 33
Folding sideview mirrors 31
Front fog lights 33
Front park assist 101
Front seat, folding backrest 59
Front seats 58
Front seats - heated 38
Front seats - manual adjustment 58
Front seats - power 60
Front suspension 169
Fuel ii, 86
Fuel filler cap ii, 88
Fuel filler door ii, 88
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Fuel filler door - unlocking 33
Fuel filler door - unlocking manually 34
Fuel Formulations 87
Fuel gauge 26
Fuel tank, capacity 167
Fuses 157
G
Gasoline 86
Geartronic 93
Geartronic - kickdown 94
Geartronic - manual shifting 94
General information ii
Generator warning light 29
Glove compartment 69
H
Handling 92
Hazard warning flashers 38
Headlight flasher 35
Headlight washer 36
Headlights 33
Headphones 178
Heated front seats 38, 54
High beam "flash" 35
High beam indicator 26
High/low beams - replacing 150
Hoisting the car 138
Home Safe System 35
HomeLink® Universal Transceiver 196
Hood - opening 42
I
IC 14
Immobilizer (start inhibitor) 76
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Indicator and warning symbols 26, 27
Inflatable Curtain 14
Inflation pressure table 115
Instrument lighting 33
Instrument panel 26
Integrated child booster cushion 20
Interior Air Quality sensor 55
Interior lighting 65
Intermittent wiping 36
Introduction i
ISOFIX/LATCH anchors 20
J
Jacking your vehicle 124
Jump starting 104
K
Keylock ii, 89
Keys 76
L
Label information 164
LATCH anchors 20
Leather care (upholstery) 132
LED illumination 35
Lighting panel 33
Locking steering wheel 90
Locking the vehicle 79
Locks 75
Long distance trips 110
Lubricants 168
M
Maintenance services 136
Malfunction indicator light 29
Memory function, mirrors 46
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Messages in the display 30
Mirror memory function 46
Mirror, rearview 46
Mirrors - sideview, adjusting 46
Mirrors - sideview, folding 31
Multifilter with air quality sensor 55
O
Occupant safety 23
Occupant Weight Sensor (OWS), disabling front passenger's side airbag 7
Octane rating 86
Odometer 26
Oil pressure 29
Oil quality 141
Oil viscosity 141
Opening the hood 42
Opening the tailgate 43
P
Park 93
Paint - color code 133
Paintwork damage 133
Park assist 101
Parking brake 29, 42
Parking lights 33
Passenger's side front airbag, disabling 7
Permissible axle weight 120
Polishing 131
Power child locks 81
Power moonroof 47
Power seat 60
Power steering fluid 144
PremAir® iii
PROPOSITION 65 WARNING 104, 148
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R
Radiator 140
Radio Broadcast Data System (RBDS) 187
Rain sensor - windshield wipers 36
Reading lamps 65
Rear fog light 34
Rear park assist 101
Rear seat air conditioning 31
Rear suspension 169
Rear window defroster 38
Rearview mirror/door mirrors 46
Recirculation 54
REDUCE SPEED 30
Refrigerant (A/C system) 50
Refueling 86, 88
Remote control - central locking system 77
Reporting safety defects 23
Restraint anchorages, for child seats 21
Roadholding 92
Roll Stability Control (RSC) 99
S
Safety 1
Safety defects - reporting 23
Safety system warning light 6
Seat belt 2
Seat belt maintenance 23
Seat belt reminder 46
Seat belts (keeping child seats in place) 22
Service 136
Service key 76
Service reminder 29
SERVICE REQUIRED 30
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SERVICE URGENT 30
Shiftlock ii, 89
Side airbags 12
Sideview mirrors, adjusting 46
Sideview mirrors, folding 31
SIPS airbags 12
Spare tire - accessing 125
Spare wheel, lowering 125
Spark plugs 171
Specifications 163
Speedometer 26
SRS 4
Start inhibitor (immobilizer) 76
Starting the car 89
Steering wheel adjustment 35
Steering wheel lock 90
Stone chips 133
STOP 30
STOP ENGINE 30
Storage compartments 68
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) 4
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) - warning light 29
Suspension 169, 171
Switches in the center console 31
T
Tachometer 26
Tailgate - locking/unlocking 80
Tailgate - opening 43
Tailgate wiper 37
Tailgate wiper blades 145
Temperature control 53
Temperature gauge 26
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Text window - messages 30
Three-way catalytic converter 170
TIME FOR REGULAR SERVICE 30
Tire designations 118
Tire inflation 113
Tire inflation pressure table 115
Tire Pressure Monitoring System 29, 116
Tire pressure, checking 113
Tire terminology 119
Tires, changing 124
Tires 112
Towing 102
Towing - cars with All Wheel Drive 103
Towing a trailer 105
Trailer indicator lamp 29
Trailer towing 105
Transmission - Geartronic 93
Tread wear indicator 112
Treble 181
Trip computer 39
Trip odometer 26
Turn signals 35
U
Uniform Tire Quality Grading 128
Unlocking the vehicle 79
Upholstery, cleaning 132
V
Valet key 76
Vanity mirror 66
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) 164
Vehicle loading 120
VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) 164
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Volvo and the environment iii
W
W - Winter 95
Warning light, safety systems 6
Warning symbol in center of dashboard 27
Warranties 136
Washer fluid reservoir 140, 143
Washing the car 130
Water repellent glass 37
Waxing 131
Weights 165
WHIPS 17
Windows, power 44
Windshield washer fluid reservoir 143
Windshield wiper blades, replacing 145
Windshield wipers 36
Windshield wipers (rain sensor function) 36
Winter/Wet driving mode 109
Wiper, tailgate 37
Back cover
Accessory Installation - Important Warning
We strongly recommend that Volvo owners install only genuine, Volvo-approved accessories, and
that accessory installations be performed only by the factory-trained technicians at your authorized
Volvo retailer.
● Genuine Volvo accessories are tested to ensure compatibility with the performance, safety, and
emission systems in your vehicle. Additionally, your authorized Volvo retailer knows where accessories
may and may not be safely installed in your Volvo. In all cases, please consult your authorized Volvo
retailer before installing any accessory in or on your vehicle.
● Accessories that have not been approved by Volvo may or may not be specifically tested for
compatibility with your vehicle. Additionally, an inexperienced installer may not be familiar with some
of your vehicle's systems.
● Any of your vehicle's performance and safety systems could be adversely affected if you install
●
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2005 VOLVO XC90
accessories that Volvo has not tested, or if you allow accessories to be installed by someone unfamiliar
with your vehicle.
● Damage caused by unapproved or improperly installed accessories may not be covered by your new
vehicle warranty. See your Warranty and Service Records Information booklet for more warranty
information. Volvo assumes no responsibility for death, injury, or expenses that may result from the
installation of non-genuine accessories.
Driver Distraction
● Driver distraction results from driver activities that are not directly related to controlling the vehicle in
the driving environment. Your new Volvo is, or can be, equipped with many feature-rich entertainment
and communication systems. These include hands-free cellular telephones, navigation systems, and
multipurpose audio systems. You may also own other portable electronic devices for your own
convenience. When used properly and safely, they enrich the driving experience. Improperly used, any
of these could cause a distraction.
● For all of these systems, we want to provide the following warning that reflects the strong Volvo
concern for your safety:
● Never use these devices or any feature of your vehicle in a way that distracts you from the task of
driving safely. Distraction can lead to a serious accident.In addition to this general warning, we offer the
following guidance regarding specific newer features that may be found in your vehicle:
● Never use a hand-held cellular telephone while driving. Some jurisdictions prohibit cellular telephone
use by a driver while the vehicle is moving.
● If your vehicle is equipped with a navigation system, set and make changes to your travel itinerary
only with the vehicle parked.
● Never program your audio system while the vehicle is moving. Program radio presets with the vehicle
parked, and use your programmed presets to make radio use quicker and simpler.
● Never use portable computers or personal digital assistants while the vehicle is moving. A driver has a
responsibility to do everything possible to ensure his or her own safety and the safety of passengers in
the vehicle and others sharing the roadway. Avoiding distractions is part of that responsibility.
The following should be checked regularly:*
1. Washer fluid reservoir should be filled with water and solvent (wintertime: windshield washer antifreeze). See page 143.
2. Power steering - When cold, the level must not be above the COLD mark and when hot it must not be
above the HOT mark. Top up if the level drops to the ADD mark with ATF fluid. See page 144.
3. Coolant level should be between the expansion tank marks. Mixture: 50% antifreeze and 50% water.
See page 139.
4. Engine oil should be checked each time the vehicle is refueled. The oil level should be between the
dipstick marks. The distance between the marks represents approx. 1.6 US qt. (1.5 liter). See page 141.
5. Brake fluid - check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the MIN mark. Use brake fluid
DOT 4+. See page 144.
Fuel octane rating, see page 86.
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Tire pressure, see page 113, and the label located on the inside of the fuel tank cover.
1 Turn signal
2 High beam
3 Parking light
4 Low beam
5 Fog light, front
6 Fog light, rear
7 Back-up light
8 Parking light/tail
light
9 Turn signal
10 Brake light
See page 149 for more information on replacing bulbs.
Supplement - SAFETY - AIRBAG LABELS
Page 5 of your owner's manual shows outdated airbag labels. This supplement shows the correct
positions and text of airbag warning labels located on your vehicle's dashboard and sun visors.
This supplement belongs together with your owner's manual. See the Safety section of your owner's
manual for additional information about airbags and child safety.
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2005 VOLVO XC90
Contents | Top of Page
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