HG PI1000
Operating Instructions for Your
High Gear by Cobra
1000 Watt Power Inverter
Nothing comes close to a CobraTM
How Your HG PI1000 Power
Inverter Works
How Your Cobra Power Inverter Works
The Cobra Power Inverter is an electronic product that has been designed and built to take
low voltage DC (Direct Current) power from your
automobile or other low voltage power supplies
and CONVERT it to standard 115 Volt AC
(Alternating Current) power like the current you
have in your home. This conversion process
thereby allows you to use many of your household appliances and electronic products in automobiles, RVs, boats, tractors, trucks and
virtually anywhere else.
A1
Controls and Indicators
1. On/Off Power Switch
Thank you for purchasing the Cobra PI1000
inverter. Properly used, this Cobra product will
give you many years of reliable service.
2. Battery Voltage and
Current Meter
3. AC Outlets
4.
5.
Customer Support
3.
2.
Cobra on the World Wide
Web: Frequently Asked
Questions (FAQ) can be
found at:
www.cobraelec.com
1.
4. Battery Cable
Terminals
4.
4.
5. Ground Terminal
Chassis
A2
Should you encounter any problems with this
product, or not understand its many features,
please refer to this owner’s manual. If, after referring to the manual, you still need help, call Cobra
Customer Service at 773.889.3087.
Cobra Customer Service
Live operators are available M-F 8:00 am – 6:00
pm CST at 773.889.3087
Automated Technical
Assistance available 24
hours a day, seven days a
week. E-mail questions to:
productinfo@
cobraelectronics.com
5.
A3
How to Use Your
HG PI1000 Power Inverter
Contents
Features of This Product
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
The Power Inverter Story. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1
Controls and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2
Our Thanks to You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3
Customer Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Rechargeable Appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Quick Checkout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Testing/Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Mounting/Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Ground Wiring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
DC Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Controls and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Operating Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
If You Think You Need Service. . . . . Back Cover
• Automatic thermal
protection/shutdown
• Reverse polarity
protection
• Three AC receptacles
• Low battery alarm
• Low battery shutdown
• Battery voltage and
current meters
1
Introduction
Caution: Rechargeable Appliances
To make the most of this inverter, it must be
installed and used properly. Please read the
installation and operating instructions carefully
before installing and using it. Special attention
must be paid to the CAUTION and WARNING
statements in the manual. CAUTION statements
specify conditions which could cause damage to
the unit or other equipment. WARNING statements identify conditions that could result in
personal injury or loss of life.
Cobra 1000W Output Waveform
The output waveform is referred to as “square
wave” or “modified sine wave.” It is a stepped
waveform designed to have characteristics similar to the sine wave shape of utility power. A
waveform of this nature is suitable for most AC
loads (including linear and switching power suppliers used in electronic equipment, transformers
and motors).
2
Caution: Rechargeable Appliances
Certain rechargers for small nickel cadmium batteries can be damaged if connected to the Cobra
1000W inverter. Two particular types of equipment are prone to this problem:
1. Small battery-operated appliances such as
flashlights, razors and night lights that can be
plugged directly into an AC receptacle to
recharge.
2. Certain battery chargers for battery packs used
in hand power tools. These charges have a
WARNING label stating that dangerous voltages are present at the battery terminals.
This problem does not occur with the vast
majority of battery operated equipment. Most
use a separate charger or transformer that is
plugged into the AC receptacle and produces
a low voltage output. If the label on the AC
adapter or charger states that it produces a
low voltage AC or DC output (less that 30
volts) the inverter will have no problem
powering it safely.
3
Quick Checkout
Quick Checkout
Quick
Checkout
This section provides you with basic information
about the inverter and how to check its performance before installation. Be sure to have the following on hand:
• A 12 volt DC power source (such as a vehicle battery)
• A set of cables to connect the power source to the inverter
• A test load that can be plugged into the AC receptacle
on the inverter
Power Source
The power source must provide between 11 and 15
volts DC and be able to supply enough current to
run the test load. As a rough guide, divide the
wattage of the test load by 10 to get the current (in
amperes) the power source must deliver.
Cables (included)
The cables must be as short and thick as possible
in order to reduce the voltage drop between the
power source and the inverter when it is drawing
current from the power source.
If the cable suffers an excessive voltage drop, the
inverter may shut down when drawing higher currents because the voltage at the inverter dropped
below 10 volts.
#4 AWG stranded copper cable is recommended. It
should be no longer than 1.5 meters (4 ft.). For
short term testing at a low power level, the
following is recommended:
4
Testing/Connection
Testing
Test Load Power
100 w
250 w
500 w
Testing
Minimum Cable Size
#16 AWG copper
#12 AWG copper
# 8 AWG copper
The end of the cable that connects to the inverter must have its insulation stripped off for about
1/2 inch (1.25cm) back from the end, exposing
the bare copper.
The other end of the cable, which connects to
the power source, must be terminated with a lug
or other connector that provides a secure, low
resistance connection.
For example, if the power source is a battery, the
cable must be terminated with a battery terminal
that clamps to the post on the battery.
Connection
Connection
1. Turn the ON/OFF switch on the inverter to
the OFF position.
If the power source is a DC power supply,
switch it off as well.
5
Connection
Connection
2. Connect the cables to the power input terminals on right side panel of the inverter. The red
terminal is positive (+) and the black terminal
is negative (-). Insert the bare ends of the
cables into the terminals and tighten the
screws to clamp the wires safely.
Connection
continued
CAUTION: Loosely tightened
connectors can cause excessive voltage drops and may
result in overheated wires and
melted insulation.
CAUTION: A reverse polarity
connection (positive to negative) will blow the fuse in the
inverter and may permanently
damage the unit.
3. Connect the cable from the negative (black)
terminal of inverter to the negative terminal of
the power source. Make a secure connection.
All power connections to your Cobra inverter
must be positive to positive and negative to
negative.
4. Connect the cable from the positive (red) terminal of the inverter to the positive terminal of
the power source. Make a secure connection.
CAUTION: Remove any jewelry (watch, ring etc.). Be careful
not to short circuit the battery
with any metallic object
(wrench, etc.).
6
5. If a DC power supply is being used as the
power source, switch it On. Turn the ON/OFF
switch on the inverter to the On position.
Check the meters on the left side panel. The
voltage should indicate between 11 and 14
volts, depending on the voltage of the power
source.
Connection
continued
WARNING: You may observe a
spark when making the connection because current can
flow to charge the capacitors
in the inverter. Do not make
this connection in the presence of flammable fumes.
Explosion or fire may result.
6. Turn the inverter’s ON/OFF switch to the Off
position. The indicator lights may blink and
the internal alarm may sound momentarily.
This is normal. Plug the test load into the AC
receptacle on the left side panel of the inverter. Leave the test load switched Off.
7. Switch the inverter’s ON/OFF switch to the On
position and turn the test load On. The inverter
should supply power to the load.
If it does not, please consult the troubleshooting section in this manual.
7
Installation
Mounting/Cables
Installation
CAUTION: To avoid fire, do not
cover or obstruct ventilation
openings. Do not install inverter in a zero-clearance compartment. Overheating may
result.
WARNING: This unit contains
components which can produce arcs or sparks. To prevent
fire or explosion, do not install
in compartments containing a
battery or flammable materials, or in a location which
requires ignition protected
equipment.
8
Installation
Mounting
The inverter must be installed in an area that
meets all of the following requirements:
A. Dry- Do not place in an area where water can
drip or splash on the inverter.
B. Cool- Ambient air temperature should be
between 30° F and 105° F (0° C and 40° C).
The cooler the better.
C. Ventilate- Allow at least 1 inch (3cm) of clearance around the inverter for proper airflow.
Make sure that ventilation openings on the
ends of the unit are not obstructed.
D. Safe- Do not install the inverter in the same
compartment as a battery or in any compartment that contains flammable liquids such
as gasoline.
E. Close to battery- Install unit as close to battery as possible (without being in the same
compartment) to minimize the length of
cable required to connect the inverter to the
battery. It is better and cheaper to run longer
AC wires than longer DC wires (cables).
Mount the inverter on a flat surface placing the
mounting bracket on the bottom. Mounting
hardware should be corrosion resistant and at
least #10 or larger. The inverter can be mounted
horizontally or vertically.
Mounting
CAUTION: The inverter must
only be connected to batteries
with a nominal output voltage
of 12 volts. It will not work with
a 6 volt battery, and will be
damaged if it is connected to
a 16 volt battery.
Cables (included)
Power wire and wiring is very important to the
performance of the inverter. Because the inverter
has a low voltage, high current input, low resistance wiring is essential between the battery and
inverter. This is so it can deliver the maximum
amount of energy to the load.
Use only copper wire. Aluminum wire has about
1/3 more resistance than copper wire of the
same size plus it is difficult to make good, lowresistance connections to aluminum wire.
We recommend #4 copper cable (90° C insulation
rating) as the minimum size for connections
between the battery and inverter.
Keep the cable length as short as possible, no
more than 4 ft. (1.5 meters). This will keep the
voltage drop to a minimum.
WARNING: If you are making a
permanent AC connection to
the inverter, make sure that the
AC wiring steps are performed
before any DC wiring is done.
(DC hook-up energizes internal
components, regardless of the
position of the ON/OFF switch).
Working on AC connections in
such a circumstance may result
in an electric shock.
WARNING: 115 Volt AC power is
potentially lethal. Do not work
on AC wiring when it is connected to the inverter (even if it is
switched off) unless the DC
power source is physically disconnected from the inverter.
Also, do not work on AC wiring
if it is connected to another AC
power source such as a generator or the utility line.
9
Cables
Ground Wiring
If the cable has too much voltage drop, the
inverter may shut down when drawing higher
currents because voltage at the inverter may
drop below 10 volts. If you must use longer
cables choose thicker cables, such as #2 AWG,
and trim the ends of the cable to fit the terminals.
Strip back the insulation about 1/2 inch (1.25cm)
on the end of the cable that connects to the
inverter, exposing the bare cooper conductor.
The other end of the cable that connects to battery must be terminated with a battery terminal
that clamps to the post on the battery.
CAUTION: Electrical installations must meet local and
national wiring codes, and
should be performed by a
qualified electrician.
CAUTION: Do not connect the
inverter and another AC source
(such as a generator or utility
power) to the AC wiring at the
same time. The inverter will be
damaged if its output is connected to AC voltage from
another source. Damage can
even occur if the inverter is
switched Off.
CAUTION: Do not connect the
inverter to an AC branch circuit
that has high-power consumption loads. It will not
operate electric heaters, air
conditioners, stoves, and other
electrical appliances that consume more than 1000 watts.
10
Ground
Wiring
Warning: Do not operate the
inverter without connecting it
to ground. Electrical shock
hazard may result.
Ground Wiring
There is a screw on the rear panel labeled Chassis
Ground. This is to connect the chassis of the
inverter to ground. The ground terminal in the AC
outlet on the right side panel of the inverter is
connected to the chassis.
The Chassis Ground screw must be connected to
a grounding point, which will vary depending on
where the unit is installed. Use a #8 AWG copper
wire (preferably with green/yellow insulation) to
connect the chassis ground screw to the grounding point.
• In a vehicle, connect the Chassis Ground to the
chassis of the vehicle.
• In a boat, connect to the boat grounding
system.
• In a fixed location, connect the Chassis Ground
screw to earth ground by connecting to a
ground rod (a metal rod pounded into the
earth) or other proper service entrance
ground.
11
DC Wiring
DC Wiring
DC Wiring
DC Wiring
WARNING: Do not make this
connection in the presence of
flammable fumes. Explosion or
fire may result. Thoroughly
ventilate the battery compartment before making this connection.
1. Be sure the ON/OFF switch on the inverter is
in the OFF position.
CAUTION: Loosely tightened
connectors result in excessive
voltage drop and may cause
over heated wires and melted
insulation.
CAUTION: Reverse polarity
connections (positive to negative) will blow external fuses in
the inverter and may permanently damage the unit. Such
damage is not covered by the
warranty.
2. Connect the cables to the power input terminals on the rear panel of the inverter. The red
terminal is positive (+) and the black terminal
is negative (-). Insert the bare ends of the
cables into the terminals and tighten the
screws to clamp the wires securely.
CAUTION: We recommend a
main fuse in the battery’s positive cable to protect against
DC wiring short circuits (external to the inverter). The fuse
should be as close to the battery as possible. We recommend a Buss Fuse ANL-250 or
equivalent. The specific fuse
ampere rating should be sized
to allow operation of all your
DC powered equipment.
5. Connect the cable from the positive terminal
of the inverter to the positive terminal of the
battery’s main fuse, or to the battery selector
switch, if you are using one. Make a secure
connection.
You might observe a spark when you make this
connection since current can flow to charge
capacitors in the inverter.
Operation.
Turn the inverter On by using the ON/OFF switch
on the left side panel .
3. Connect the cable from the negative terminal
of the inverter to the negative terminal of the
battery. Make a secure connection.
4. Double check that the cable you just installed
connects the negative terminal of the inverter to the negative terminal of the battery.
Power connections to the inverter must be
positive to positive and negative to negative.
12
The inverter is now ready to deliver AC power to
your loads. If several loads are to be operated by
the inverter, turn them on separately, after the
inverter has been turned On. This will ensure that
the inverter does not have to deliver the starting
currents required for all the loads at once.
13
Controls and Indicators
ON/OFF Switch
Controls and
Indicators
Turns the control circuit in the inverter On and Off.
It does not disconnect power from the inverter.
When the switch is in the Off position, the inverter
draws no current from the battery.When it’s in the
On position, but no power is being supplied to the
load, the inverter draws less than 500 milliamperes
from the battery. This is low current draw. It would
take more than a week to discharge a 100 amperehour battery at this rate.
Don’t worry about excessive drain on the battery if
you leave the inverter switched On for a few days.
However, do switch it off if you are not planning be
recharge the battery within a week or so.
Operating
Limits
Operating Limits
The inverter will operate most AC loads within its
power rating. Some induction motors used in freezers, pumps and other motor-operated equipment
require very high surge currents to start.The inverter may not be able to start some of these motors
even though their rated current draw is within the
inverter’s limits.The inverter will normally start single phase induction motors rated at 1/2 HP or less.
Operating
Limits
Input Voltage
Input Voltage
The inverter will operate from input voltage ranging from 10 volts to 15 volts. Optimum performance will occur when the voltage is between 12
volts and 14 volts. If the voltage drops below
10.5+/-0.3V volts, an audible low battery warning
will sound. The inverter will shut down if the
input voltage drops below 9.5V+/-0.3V volts. This
protects the battery from being over-discharged.
It will restart when the input voltage exceeds
10.5V+/-0.3V volts.
Power Output
The inverter will deliver 1000 watts continuously. It
can deliver 1200 watts for about 30 minutes.The
inverter must cool for 15 minutes before it can
resume operation at 1000 watts. Note:The wattage
rating applies to resistive loads.
14
The inverter will also shut down if the input voltage falls to 15.75V +/- 0.75V. This protects the
inverter against excessive input voltage.
Although the inverter has protection against
over-voltage, it may still be damaged if the input
voltage were to exceeds 16 volts.
15
Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting
Guide
Problem /Symptom Possible Causes Solution
Problem /Symptom Possible Causes Solution
Low output voltage
on voltmeter
(96 VAC to 104 VAC)
Using average
reading
Use true RMS
meter reading
Poor DC wiring,
poor battery
condition
Low output voltage
and current indicator
in red zone
Overload
Reduce the
load
Low battery alarm on
all the time,
voltage indicator
below 11 V
Use proper cable,
make solid
connections,
use new battery
Thermal shutdown
No output voltage
and voltage
indicator in
lower red zone
Low input
voltage
Recharge
battery,
check
connections
and cable
No output voltage
if load in excess of
1000W or 8.7 amperes
No output voltage,
no voltage
indication
Inverter switched
Off, no power to
inverter,
fuse open
Turn inverter
On, check
wiring to
inverter.
Have qualified
service
technician
check and
replace
Allow inverter to
cool off
Reduce load, continuous operation
input current
required
Improve ventilation; make sure
ventilation openings in the inverter
aren’t obstructed.
Reduce ambient
temperature
No output voltage
Short circuit
or wiring
error
Check AC
wiring for
short circuit or
improper
polarity
Reverse DC
polarity
No output voltage
voltage indicator in
upper red zone
16
Maintenance
High input voltage
Observe
correct
polarity
Make sure the
inverter is
connected to
12 V battery,
check regulation
of charging
system
Maintenance
Maintenance
Very little maintenance is required to keep the inverter operating properly. The exterior of the unit should
be cleaned periodically with a damp cloth to prevent
accumulation of dust and dirt. At the same time,
tighten the screws on the DC input terminals. Be sure
vents and fans are free of dust or debris.
17
Power Consumption
Specifications
For each piece of equipment you will be operating from the inverter you must determine the
battery’s capacity (how long the battery can
deliver a specific amount of current—in automotive batteries, usually 25 amperes). For example, a
battery with a reserve capacity of 180 minutes
can deliver 25 amperes for 180 minutes before it
is completely discharged.
Calculate the total watt-hours of energy consumption (power x operating time). To determine
how many 12 volt ampere hours will be consumed divide the watt hours by ten.
Equipment
Coffee Maker
Coffee Grinder
Microwave
Oven
TV/VCR
Blender
Sewing
Machine
Waterpik
18
Power
Consumption
Operating
Time
750 watts
100 watts
0.3 hour
0.1 hour
225
10
800 watts
115 watts
300 watts
0.5 hour
3 hours
0.25 hour
400
345
75
150 watts
90 watts
1 hour
0.25 hour
150
22.5
Watt-Hours
(Power x
Operating Time)
Specifications
Notes
1. CONTINUOUS OUTPUT POWER
(4 HOURS)
1000W
2. CONTINUOUS OUTPUT POWER
(30 MINUTES)
1200W
3. SURGE RATING (0.1SECOND)
2000W
4. PEAK EFFICIENCY (12V—1/2 LOAD) >90%
5. EFFICIENCY (FULL LOAD, 12V)
>83%
6. NO LOAD CURRENT DRAW
< 0.5 A
(12.6V)
7. OUTPUT WAVEFORM (RESISTIVE LOAD)
PERFECT MODIFIED SINE WAVE
8. OUTPUT FREQUENCY
60HZ±2HZ
9. OUTPUT VOLTAGE
115V+/-5%
10. INPUT VOLTAGE
10-15 VDC
11. ALARM VOLTAGE (UNLOAD)
10.5 V ±0.3V
12. SHUTDOWN VOLTAGE (UNLOAD)
9.5V ±0.3V
13. OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE -10° C-40° C
14. STORAGE TEMPERATURE RANGE
-40° C TO 85°
C
15. PROTECTION OVERLOAD,
SHORT-CIRCUIT, OVERTEMP
16. REVERSE POLARITY, UNDER/OVER VOLTAGE
All protection is automatically
recovered.
To protect the battery, if the
unit needs to be restarted after
low voltage protection, the
voltage of DC input should be
above 12V.
To extend the life of the fan it
will stop when there is no load.
The speed of the fan increases
as the load increases.
The unit is completely insulated in input and output for
added safety.
19
Limited Three Year Warranty
COBRA ELECTRONICS CORPORATION warrants that its
COBRA Power Inverter, and the component parts thereof,
will be free of defects in material and workmanship for a
period of 3 years from the date of consumer purchase. This
warranty may be enforced by the first consumer purchaser,
provided that the product is utilized within the U.S.A.
3
COBRA will, without charge, repair or replace, at its option, a
defective inverter upon delivery to the COBRA factory
Service Department, accompanied by proof of the date of
first consumer purchase, such as duplicated sales receipt.
You must pay initial shipping charges required to ship the
product for warranty service, but the return charges will be
at COBRA’S expense, if the product is repaired or replaced
under warranty.
Exclusions: This limited warranty does not apply; 1) to any
product damaged by accident; 2) in the event of misuse or
abuse of the product or as a result of unauthorized alterations or repairs; 3) if the serial number has been altered,
defaced or removed; 4) if the owner of the product resides
outside the U.S.A.
Cobra Electronics
Corporation
6500 West Cortland Street
Chicago, Illinois 60707
All implied warranties, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are limited
in duration to the length of this warranty.
COBRA shall not be liable for any incidental, consequential
or other damages; including, without limitation, damages
resulting from loss of use or cost of installation.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts and/or do not allow the exclusion or
limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the
above limitations may not apply to you.
20
Cobra Electronics Corporation
6500 West Cortland Street
Chicago, IL 60707
If You Think You Need Service
For technical assistance, please call our Automated Help Desk which can assist
you by answering the most frequently asked questions about Cobra products.
(773) 889-3087
24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
A Consumer Service Representative can be reached through this same number
8:00 am - 6:00 pm, Monday through Friday, CST.
Technical assistance is also available on-line in the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
section at www.cobraelectronics.com or by e-mail to productinfo@cobraelectronics.com
If you think you need service call 1.773.889.3087
If your product should require factory service please call Cobra first before sending in your unit.
This will ensure the fastest turn-around time on your repair.
You may be asked to send your unit to the Cobra factory. It will be necessary to furnish the following in order to have the product serviced and returned.
1. For Warranty Repair include some form of proof-of-purchase, such as a mechanical reproduction
or carbon or a sales receipt. If you send the original receipt it cannot be returned.
2. Send the entire product.
3. Enclose a description of what is happening with the unit. Include a typed or clearly print name
and address of where the unit is to be returned.
4. Pack unit securely to prevent damage in transit. If possible, use the original packing material.
5. Ship prepaid and insured by way of a traceable carrier such as United Parcel Service (UPS) or First
Class Mail to avoid loss in transit to: Cobra Factory Service, Cobra Electronics Corporation, 6500
W. Cortland St., Chicago, IL 60707.
6. If the unit is in warranty, upon receipt of your unit it will either be repaired or exchanged
depending on the model. Please allow approximately 3 to 4 weeks before contacting us for
status. If the unit is out of warranty a letter will automatically be sent informing you of the
repair charge or replacement charge. If you have any questions, please call 1.773.889.3087
for assistance.
Cobra Electronics Corp.© 2000
Printed in China
Part No. 480-310-P-001
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