Trade/Road Inverter Manual
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OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS FOR YOUR
“Big Power In Small Packages.”
MODELS TRADESMAN AND ROAD WARRIOR
Cobra Electronics Corporation
6500 W. Cortland Street
Chicago, IL 60707
PRINTED IN CHINA
© 1997 COBRA ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
480-207-P-001
Trade/Road Inverter Manual
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INTRODUCTION
Thank you for your purchase of a Cobra¨
power
inverter. The
series provides big power in small packages. High efficiency designs make each model ideal for all mobile
environments where space is at a premium.
MODELS TRADESMAN and ROAD WARRIOR
Table of Contents
Inverter is the proper term for any device that turns DC (direct
current) into AC (alternating current). The
inverter takes
12 volts DC from your battery and converts it to 115 volts AC to run
appliances. Just like utility power, the frequency is held constant at
60 Hertz, and the output voltage is regulated between 110 and 120
volts true RMS, despite changes in load and battery voltage.
The energy delivered by the inverter comes from the battery which
powers it. And that energy was put into your battery by your
battery charger, which might be a vehicle alternator or an electronic
power supply.
Introduction ............................................................................................... 2
Safety ............................................................................................................ 3
Installation .............................................................................................. 4, 5
Specifications ............................................................................................. 5
Remote Control .......................................................................................... 6
Hard-Wired Output ................................................................................... 7
Operation ................................................................................................ 8, 9
If You Think You Need Service .............................................................. 10
Limited One Year Warranty .................................................................... 11
The most appropriate use of an inverter system is for light, longterm loads, such as TVs, VCRs and small computers, or for heavy,
short-term loads such as vacuum cleaners, microwave ovens and
hair dryers.
Heavy, long-term loads like electric heaters and air conditioners
require a great deal of energy. While they wonÕt harm your inverter,
they would need an extremely large battery to run continuously
overnight, and then a very heavy charger to recharge that battery
the following day.
There really arenÕt a lot of doÕs and donÕts to remember. Your
inverter is designed to protect itself and your battery.
NOTE: While the
inverter does not mistreat your
appliances, it cannot protect them. A light bulb can burn out, or an
appliance can fail, just as it might when plugged into utility power.
Please take a few moments to read this owners manual. It contains
important safety information as well as practical application tips.
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SAFETY
INSTALLATION
A few common-sense precautions should be observed:
1.
The
inverter delivers 115 volts AC. This is the
same kind of electricity as in the wall sockets of most homes
and offices. 115 volts AC is potentially lethal and must be
treated with respect.
2.
The
inverter is polarity sensitive and will be
damaged if connected to the battery incorrectly. If there is any
doubt, consult an electrician. (See Installation).
3.
A safety hazard will result if inadequate wiring is used to
make connection to the inverter. (See Installation).
4.
The
inverter is intended to deliver stand-alone
AC power. Its output cannot be safely connected to utility
power, another inverter, a generator, or any other power
source. Where other power sources are available in the same
system, isolating relays should be used to prevent connection
of the inverterÕs output to those other sources of AC.
5.
In case of malfunction, immediately turn the power switch
OFF and disconnect the inverter from the battery.
6.
DO NOT STICK ANYTHING INSIDE THE CASE. The high
voltage inside can cause severe injury, even death.
7.
KEEP THIS UNIT AWAY FROM CONTACT WITH WATER
OR OTHER LIQUIDS.
8.
DO NOT OPERATE THIS UNIT, or any electrical device, when
you, the device or any surfaces that might touch a power
source are WET. Many fluids can conduct electricity, causing
severe injury, even death.
9.
DO NOT OPEN THE CASE. This will void your warranty.
3
When working on the installation, be sure that the inverter power
switch is in the OFF position. Note that this is only a control switch
which tells the inverter whether or not to run. Even though it may
be OFF, the battery will still be connected directly to the inverterÕs
input terminals, so they will always be live. Treat them accordingly.
Please get the polarity right. If you get it wrong, you will damage
the inverter and void the warranty. It does happen, despite this
warning. So please double check before you make that last connection.
The positive (+) terminal on the battery should connect to the positive
(+) terminal on the inverter, and the negative (Ð) terminal on the
battery should connect to the negative (Ð) terminal on the inverter.
SUGGESTION: Before making the last connection, brush the cable
lightly against the terminal. There should be no spark, or at most a
very slight one. Heavy sparking indicates a problem.
The inverter may be mounted in any position on any flat surface:
wall, ceiling or floor. It should be bolted or screwed down using a
#6 screw in each of the four mounting holes. In choosing a location,
look for a dry, cool, dust-free, well ventilated spot as close to the
battery as possible, but clear of battery acid and fumes. Under the
hood of a vehicle is a harsh environment which should be avoided.
The battery cables are the key to a successful installation. They must
be at least AWG (American Wire Gauge) #4 and should be as heavy
and as short as practical. To be extremely conservative just use #2
gauge wire which is as large as the inverter terminal will accept.
Otherwise, the minimum acceptable sizes are shown below. The
wire and the appropriate battery terminals are usually available
from auto supply stores. If you cannot find the right wire there,
try an electrical distributor or a welding supply house.
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INSTALLATION (continued)
DISTANCE TO
BATTERY
REMOTE CONTROL
INVERTER MODEL
TRADESMAN
ROAD WARRIOR
5 FEET
AWG 4
AWG 3
10 FEET
AWG 3
15 FEET
AWG 2
AWG 2
NOT
RECOMMENDED
Note that the heavier the wire, the smaller the wire gauge number.
The wire sizes called out in the table will keep the voltage drop
between the battery and the terminals down to 0.4 volt or less.
More voltage drop than this would impair performance.
Each inverter comes with a removable connector for remote ON-OFF
control plus a hard-wired output. The remote connector has five
terminals, each of which will accept a wire as heavy as AWG #12.
The terminals viewed end-on are: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5).
The first two, (1) and (2), are connected internally to the two terminals
of the built in switch. Connecting (1) and (2) together will turn on
the inverter. Therefore, a pair of wires may run from these terminals
to any kind of switch within, say, 50 feet, and that switch will control
the inverter, so long as the built-in switch is left OFF. The switch
voltage is 12 volts DC and the current is less than 1/2 ampere.
To summarize, for remote control:
1.
Leave the built-in switch OFF.
2.
Install a SPST (single-pole, single-throw) or other switch in the
desired location.
SPECIFICATIONS
Output Power,
Continuous:
Peak:
Input Voltage:
Output Voltage:
Output Frequency:
Idle Current:
Efficiency:
Thermal Protection:
Overload Protection:
Dimensions:
Weight:
NOTE: This switch cannot have a pilot light associated with it,
as this will damage the inverter.
TRADESMAN
ROAD WARRIOR
700 Watts
1200 Watts
10 to 16.5 Volts DC
115 volts AC ±5%
60 Hz ± 1 Hz,
Modified Sinewave
0.090A
>90%
Proportional
power reduction
Dual mode limiter
31/8” H x 12” W x 23/8” D
3.4 lbs.
1400 Watts
2200 Watts
10.5 to 16.5 Volts DC
115 volts AC ±5%
60 Hz ± 1 Hz,
Modified Sinewave
0.090A
>90%
Proportional
power reduction
Dual mode limiter
31/8” H x 12” W x 31/8” D
4.3 lbs.
5
3.
Run a pair of wires, AWG #16 or heavier, from (1) and (2) to
the new switch terminals.
For a vehicle installation, it may be desirable to control the inverter
with the ignition switch. That way there is less likelihood of inadvertently leaving the inverter running overnight; removing the keys will
turn it off. To do this, find a terminal thatÕs hot (+12 volts) only when
the ignition is in ACCESSORIES or ON. In the fuse box, after the
fuse that feeds the radio would be a good spot. Connect a #16 wire
from this point to terminal (2). No connection to (1) should be made.
Tape the built-in switch in the OFF position and donÕt use it while the
above connection is present. The key will then control the inverter.
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HARD-WIRED OUTPUT
If it is desired to permanently connect the inverterÕs output to a
string of outlets or to a load, the remote connector should be used.
The three right-hand terminals correspond to (3) White: neutral;
(4) Black: hot; and (5) Green: ground or chassis. Any three-wire
electrical cable will have these colors (although the ground wire
may be bare copper instead of green), and the wires should be
connected to their corresponding terminals. For a wire run of 50 feet
or less, AWG #14 can be used. If itÕs longer, use AWG #12.
CAUTION: When making a permanent installation, make sure
these same lines being fed by the inverter will never be fed by shore
power, a generator, another inverter or any other source of AC; once
again, that would cause damage and void the warranty. If you wish
to use another source of AC on the same lines, it is necessary to
disconnect the inverter first. To do this automatically, install a DPDT
(double-pole, double-throw) relay in the White and Black lines.
OPERATION
Using your
inverter is quite simple. Just turn the switch
ON, and observe that the AC light comes on, indicating there is
115 volt AC power at the output. Any appliance connected to the
inverter will operate, if it is within the inverterÕs power capability.
Should you wish to connect more than one appliance to the inverter,
a multi-tap extension cord may be used. It should be rated at a
minimum of 12 amps.
Please note that the fan will run only when the inverter is loaded
beyond 120 watts.
When operated at full load for extended periods it is normal for the
inverter to be HOT to the touch.
The output is factory pre-set to 115 volts AC at 60 Hertz. The waveform, a Òmodified sinewaveÓ, has been found satisfactory for running
virtually all loads. The output voltage can only be measured accurately with a Òtrue RMSÓ voltmeter. Because of the special waveform,
all other voltmeters, analog or digital, will read 10 to 20 volts low.
Low Battery
If the voltage at the input terminals of the inverter drops below 10.3
volts, the LOW BATTERY ALARM will emit a high-pitched warning
tone, and the inverter will continue to operate. The tone will stop if
the voltage is raised back above 12.0 volts.
If the battery voltage continues downward, the tone stays on and
the inverter keeps running until the voltage drops below 10.0 volts.
At this point the inverter locks itself off to protect your battery, but
the warning tone stays on.
To reset:
Manually: Turn the power switch OFF for one second and then
back ON.
Automatically: Recharge the battery above 13.0 volts.
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For technical assistance, please call our Automated Help Desk
which can assist you by answering the most frequently asked
questions about Cobra products.
OPERATION (continued)
Overvoltage
(773) 889-3087
24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
A consumer Service Representative can be reached through
this number 8:00 am - 8:00 pm, Monday through Friday, CST.
If the input voltage goes above 16.5 volts, the inverter will shut
down to protect itself. When the voltage returns to less than 16.5
volts, the inverter will turn back on automatically.
CAUTION: Voltages above 18 volts can cause permanent damage.
Overload
If You Think You Need Service Call 1-773-889-3087
You may be asked to send your unit to the Cobra factory. It will be necessary
to furnish the following in order to have the product serviced and returned.
When the inverter is loaded beyond its capacity, its output voltage
will drop in proportion to the overload. If a heavy overload is sustained for more than a few seconds, the inverter will shut down. To
reset, turn the power switch OFF for one second and then back ON.
Temperature
A cold inverter can deliver more power than a hot one. The wattage
rating for each model is based on a free air Òroom temperatureÓ
environment. If itÕs in a hot location, or if air isnÕt available for
cooling, the inverter will protect itself by lowering its overload trip
point and will not deliver full rated power.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
9
For Warranty Repair include some form of proof-of-purchase, such as a
mechanical reproduction or carbon or a sales receipt. If you send the
original receipt it cannot be returned.
Send the entire product.
Enclose a description of what is happening with the unit. Include a typed
or clearly printed name and address of where the unit is to be returned.
Pack unit securely to prevent damage in transit. If possible, use the original packing material.
Ship prepaid and insured by way of a traceable carrier; such as United
Parcel Service (UPS) or First Class Mail; to avoid loss in transit to Cobra
Factory Service, Cobra Electronics Corporation, 6500 W. Cortland St.,
Chicago, IL 60707.
If the unit is in warranty, upon receipt of your unit it will either be
repaired or exchanged depending on the model. Please allow approximately 3 to 4 weeks before contacting us for status. If the unit is out of
warranty a letter will automatically be sent informing you of the repair
charge or replacement charge. If you have any questions, please call
1-773-889-3087 for assistance.
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LIMITED ONE-YEAR WARRANTY
COBRA ELECTRONICS CORPORATION warrants that its COBRA power
inverter products, and the component parts thereof, will be free of defects
in workmanship and materials for period of one (1) year from the date of
first consumer purchase. This warranty may be enforced by the first consumer purchaser, provided that the product is utilized within the U.S.A.
Cobra will, without charge, repair or replace, at its option, defective
inverter products or component parts upon delivery to the Cobra factory
Service Department, accompanied by proof of the date of first consumer
purchase, such as a duplicated copy of a sales receipt.
You must pay any initial shipping charges required to ship the product
for warranty service. The return charges will be at CobraÕs expense if the
product is repaired or replaced under warranty. For further details concerning procedures for obtaining service, see the ÒIf You Need ServiceÓ
section of this OwnerÕs Manual.
Exclusions: This limited warranty does not apply 1) to any product
damaged by accident, improper input voltage or weather related circumstances; 2) in the event of misuse or abuse of the product or as a result
of unauthorized alterations or repairs; 3) if the serial number has been
altered, defaced or removed; or 4) if the owner of the product resides
outside the U.S.A.
All implied warranties, including warranties of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose, are limited in duration to the length of
this warranty.
COBRA ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
6500 W. Cortland Street
Chicago, Illinois 60707
In addition to its exclusive series of
power
inverters, Cobra is also one of AmericaÕs leading brands of
CB radios and accessories, Intenna cordless telephones and
answering systems, and Safety Alert ¨ radar/laser detectors.
Cobra shall not be liable for any incidental, consequential or other
damages, including, without limitation, damages resulting from loss
of use or cost of installation.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty
lasts and/or do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also
have other rights which vary from state to state.
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NOTES
Page 16
NOTES
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