Compaq PowerStorm 300, PowerStorm 350, Presario 300 - Notebook PC User manual

Compaq PowerStorm 300, PowerStorm 350, Presario 300 - Notebook PC User manual

Compaq PowerStorm 300/350

Graphics Controllers

Installation Guide

EK

CPSGC

IG. B01 / 134692-002

July 1999

This guide describes the installation of the Compaq PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350

PCI graphics controllers in Compaq Professional Workstations.

Compaq Computer Corporation

Houston, Texas

July 1999

The information in this publication is subject to change without notice.

COMPAQ COMPUTER CORPORATION SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR TECHNICAL OR EDITORIAL

ERRORS OR OMISSIONS CONTAINED HEREIN, NOR FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL

DAMAGES RESULTING FROM THE FURNISHING, PERFORMANCE, OR USE OF THIS MATERIAL. THIS

INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND COMPAQ COMPUTER CORPORATION DISCLAIMS ANY

WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED

WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE AND

AGAINST INFRINGEMENT.

This publication contains information protected by copyright. No part of this publication may be photocopied or reproduced in any form without prior written consent from Compaq Computer Corporation.

FCC NOTICE: This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy. It has been type tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B computing device in accordance with the specifications in Subpart G of Part 15 of FCC Rules, which are designed to provide reasonable protection against such radio and television interference in a residential installation.

However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television reception, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference.

1999 Compaq Computer Corporation and Digital Equipment Corporation.

All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

The software described in this guide is furnished under a license agreement or nondisclosure agreement. The software may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the agreement.

Compaq, the Compaq logo, and the Digital logo registered in U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Alpha, DIGITAL, and Tru64 UNIX, and Open3D are trademarks of Compaq Computer Corporation.

AGP, Intel, Pentium, and Intel Inside are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.

Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows, and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

OpenGL is a registered trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc.

PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

UNIX is a registered trademark and the “X” device and X Window System are trademarks of the Open Group in the United States and other countries.

Other product names mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective companies.

Table of Contents

PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Overview ........................... 1–1

1.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 1–1

1.2 Description ....................................................................................................................... 1–1

1.3 Connector Pinout .............................................................................................................. 1–4

1.4 Specifications.................................................................................................................... 1–5

2 PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Overview........................... 2–1

2.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 2–1

2.2 Description ....................................................................................................................... 2–1

2.3 Connector Pinout .............................................................................................................. 2–3

2.4 Specifications.................................................................................................................... 2–4

3 PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Overview........................... 3–1

3.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 3–1

3.2 Description ....................................................................................................................... 3–1

3.3 Connector Pinouts............................................................................................................. 3–3

3.4 Specifications.................................................................................................................... 3–5

4 Installation (Windows NT) ..................................................................... 4–1

4.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 4–1

4.1.1 Unpacking............................................................................................................... 4–1

4.2 Hardware Installation ........................................................................................................ 4–2

4.2.1 Changing the Bulkhead Bracket, PowerStorm 300 AGP Only ................................. 4–2

4.2.2 Installation of the Graphics Controller..................................................................... 4–3

4.3 Software Installation ......................................................................................................... 4–4

iii

4.3.1 Microsoft Windows NT Software Installation ......................................................... 4–4

4.3.2 PowerStorm 300/350 Software Components............................................................ 4–4

4.3.3 Before You Begin ................................................................................................... 4–5

4.3.4 New Installation or Upgrade of Windows NT.......................................................... 4–5

4.3.5 Installing/Upgrading PowerStorm Software Display Drivers ................................... 4–6

4.3.6 OpenGL Acceleration ............................................................................................. 4–7

4.3.7 Stereo Capability (PowerStorm 350 PCI Only)........................................................ 4–8

5 Operation (Windows NT)........................................................................5–1

5.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 5–1

5.2 After Installation............................................................................................................... 5–1

5.2.1 Changing the Screen Resolution and Refresh Rate .................................................. 5–1

5.2.2 Managing Buffer Swap ........................................................................................... 5–3

5.2.2.1 Using the Display Applet............................................................................... 5–4

5.2.3 Identifying the Display Driver Version.................................................................... 5–4

5.3 Using OpenGL.................................................................................................................. 5–5

5.3.1 Using OpenGL Applications ................................................................................... 5–5

5.3.2 Developing OpenGL Applications on Intel Platforms.............................................. 5–5

5.3.2.1 Pixel Format Support..................................................................................... 5–6

5.3.2.2 Performance Considerations .......................................................................... 5–8

5.3.2.2.1 Texture Mapping ............................................................................... 5–8

5.3.2.2.2 Overlay Planes .................................................................................. 5–9

5.3.2.2.3 Stencil Planes .................................................................................... 5–9

5.3.2.2.4 SoftImage Customizations................................................................. 5–9

5.3.3 Developing OpenGL Applications on Alpha Platforms ........................................... 5–9

5.3.3.1 Pixel Format Support..................................................................................... 5–9

5.3.3.2 Performance Considerations ........................................................................ 5–16

5.3.3.2.1 Texture Mapping ............................................................................. 5–16

5.3.3.2.2 Alpha Buffers.................................................................................. 5–16

5.3.3.2.3 Overlay Planes ................................................................................ 5–17

5.3.3.2.4 Stencil Planes .................................................................................. 5–17

5.3.3.2.5 SoftImage Customizations............................................................... 5–17

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)...........................................................6–1

6.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 6–1

6.1.1 Unpacking............................................................................................................... 6–1

6.2 Hardware Installation........................................................................................................ 6–2

6.2.1 Installation of the Graphics Controller..................................................................... 6–2

6.3 Software Installation ......................................................................................................... 6–3

6.3.1 Installation Preparation and Information ................................................................. 6–3

6.3.1.1 Required License........................................................................................... 6–3

iv

6.3.1.2 Prerequisite Software..................................................................................... 6–3

6.3.1.3 Alternate Console .......................................................................................... 6–4

6.3.1.4 Booting Compaq Tru64 UNIX....................................................................... 6–4

6.3.2 Installing PowerStorm Display Drivers.................................................................... 6–4

6.3.2.1 Copying the Kit from CD-ROM .................................................................... 6–4

6.3.2.2 Unpacking the Kit ......................................................................................... 6–5

6.3.2.3 Installing the Kit............................................................................................ 6–5

6.4 Configuration Recommendations ...................................................................................... 6–8

6.4.1 Tuning Techniques.................................................................................................. 6–8

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX) ............................................................ 7–1

7.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 7–1

7.2 After Installation ............................................................................................................... 7–1

7.2.1 Changing the Screen Resolution and Refresh Rate .................................................. 7–1

7.2.2 Synchronizing Buffer Swaps ................................................................................... 7–2

7.2.3 Default OpenGL Texel Size .................................................................................... 7–3

7.2.4 Identifying the Driver Version................................................................................. 7–4

7.3 Using OpenGL .................................................................................................................. 7–5

7.3.1 Using OpenGL Applications.................................................................................... 7–5

7.3.1.1 OpenGL Visual Support ................................................................................ 7–5

7.3.1.2 Indirect Contexts, GLXPixmaps, and the Software Renderer ......................... 7–6

7.3.2 Developing OpenGL Applications on Tru64 UNIX ................................................. 7–7

7.3.2.1 Performance and Functionality Considerations .............................................. 7–9

7.3.2.1.1 Texture Mapping ............................................................................... 7–9

7.3.2.1.2 Alpha Buffers .................................................................................. 7–10

7.3.2.1.3 Stencil Planes .................................................................................. 7–11

Figures

Figure 1-1 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller (ATX)................................................ 1–2

Figure 1-2 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller (NLX)................................................ 1–3

Figure 1-3 VGA Connector Pinouts ....................................................................................... 1–4

Figure 2-1 PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller............................................................. 2–2

Figure 2-2 VGA Connector Pinouts ....................................................................................... 2–3

Figure 3-1 PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller............................................................. 3–2

Figure 3-2 VGA Connector Pinouts ....................................................................................... 3–3

Figure 3-3 Stereo Connector Pinouts..................................................................................... 3–4

Tables

Table 1-1 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Part Number........................................ 1–1

Table 1-2 Compaq PowerStorm 300 AGP Software Support .................................................. 1–2

v

vi

Table 1-3 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Specifications ..................................... 1–5

Table 2-1 PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Part Numbers......................................... 2–1

Table 2-2 Compaq PowerStorm 300 PCI Software Support ................................................... 2–2

Table 2-3 PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Specifications....................................... 2–4

Table 3-1 PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller.............................................................. 3–1

Table 3-2 Compaq PowerStorm 350 PCI Software Support ................................................... 3–2

Table 3-3 PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Specifications....................................... 3–5

Table 4-1 PowerStorm 300/350 Software Components on the CD .......................................... 4–4

Table 4-2 PowerStorm 300/350 Software Components on the CD (cont.) ............................... 4–5

Table 5-1 PowerStorm 300 Resolution - Refresh Rates for Alpha Platforms (Windows

NT and Tru64 UNIX) ........................................................................................................... 5–3

Table 5-2 PowerStorm 300 Resolution - Refresh Rates for Intel Platforms (Windows

NT) ...................................................................................................................................... 5–3

Table 5-3 PowerStorm 350 Resolution - Refresh Rates for Alpha Platforms (Windows

NT and Tru64 UNIX) ........................................................................................................... 5–3

Table 5-4 Intel-Supported Pixel Formats on the PowerStorm 300 Graphics Controller........... 5–7

Table 5-5 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics

Controller ........................................................................................................................... 5–10

Table 5-6 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller ........................................................................................................................... 5–12

Table 7-1 Supported GLX Visuals on a PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller ................ 7–7

Table 7-2 Supported GLX Visuals on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller ................... 7–8

Preface

Purpose of This Guide

This guide describes the Compaq PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI graphics controllers, and how to install the graphics controller hardware and software in your workstation. It includes installation and operation information for the PowerStorm display drivers for Windows NT version 4.0 and Compaq Tru64 UNIX™ 4.0E/F.

Who Should Use This Guide

This guide is intended for anyone who has purchased a Compaq PowerStorm 300 AGP or

300/350 PCI graphics controller. Users should have a basic understanding of Windows NT or

Tru64 UNIX before installing PowerStorm 300/350 software.

Structure of This Guide

This guide is organized as follows:

Chapter 1, PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Overview - provides an overview of the Compaq PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller hardware.

Chapter 2, PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Overview - provides an overview of the Compaq PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller hardware.

Chapter 3, PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Overview - provides an overview of the Compaq PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller hardware.

Chapter 4, Installation (Windows NT) - describes how to install the Compaq

PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller in your Compaq Professional

Workstation running the Windows NT operating system.

vii

viii

Chapter 5, Operation (Windows NT) - describes post-installation tasks and use of the

OpenGL drivers using the Windows NT operating system.

Chapter 6, Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX) - describes how to install the Compaq

PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers in your Compaq Professional Workstation running the Compaq Tru64 UNIX operating system.

Chapter 7, Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX) - describes post-installation tasks and use of the OpenGL drivers using the Tru64 UNIX operating system.

Related Documentation

Microsoft Windows NT online help

Conventions Used in This Guide

In this guide, “Windows NT” refers to the Microsoft Windows NT operating system, and

"Tru64 UNIX" refers to the Compaq Tru64 UNIX operating system.

This guide also uses the following conventions:

Convention

Note

Caution

italic type

bold type

Monospaced

Meaning

A note calls the reader’s attention to any item of information that may be of special importance.

A caution contains information essential to avoid damage to the equipment.

Italic type indicates complete titles of manuals.

Bold type indicates text that is highlighted for emphasis.

In text, this typeface indicates the exact name of a command, routine, partition, pathname, directory, or file.

Reader’s Comments

Compaq welcomes your comments on this or any other manual.

Mail to:

Compaq Computer Corporation

Documentation - AlphaServer Product Development

PKO3-2/32A

129 Parker Street

Maynard, MA 01754-2199

Getting Help

If you have a problem and have exhausted the information in this guide, you can get further information and other help in the following locations.

Compaq Technical Support

You are entitled to free hardware technical telephone support for your product for as long you own the product. A technical support specialist will help you diagnose the problem or guide you to the next step in the warranty process.

In North America, call the Compaq Technical Phone Support Center at

1-800-OK-COMPAQ

1

. This service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Outside North America, call the nearest Compaq Technical Support Phone Center. Telephone numbers for world wide Technical Support Centers are listed on the Compaq website. Access the Compaq website by logging on to the Internet at www.compaq.com.

Be sure to have the following information available before you call Compaq:

Technical support registration number (if applicable)

Product serial number (s)

Product model name(s) and numbers(s)

Applicable error messages

Add-on boards or hardware

Third-party hardware or software

Operating system type and revision level

Detailed, specific questions

Compaq Website

The Compaq website has information on this product as well as the latest drivers and Flash

ROM images. You can access the Compaq website by logging on to the Internet at www.compaq.com

1

For continuous quality improvement, calls may be recorded or monitored.

ix

x

Compaq Authorized Reseller

For the name of your nearest Compaq Authorized Reseller

In the United States, call 1-800-345-1518.

In Canada, call 1-800-263-5868.

Elsewhere, see the Compaq website for locations and telephone numbers.

1

PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics

Controller Overview

1.1 Introduction

This chapter provides a brief overview of the PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller hardware. The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller is available for Intel platforms only.

1.2 Description

The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller is a single expansion-slot, 32-bit AGP bus module that provides 2D and 3D graphics acceleration for Compaq Professional

Workstations.

The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller includes 16 MB of CDRAM texture memory and is available as a full length ATX or NLX form factor. See Table 1-1 for the part number.

Table 1-1 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Part Number

Compaq Part

Number

328778-B21

Description

PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller in either full-length

ATX or NLX form factor.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 1–1

PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Overview

Table 1-2 provides software support information for the PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller.

Table 1-2 Compaq PowerStorm 300 AGP Software Support

Workstation

Compaq Professional

Workstation AP200

Compaq Professional

Workstation AP400

Compaq Professional

Workstation AP500

Compaq Professional

Workstation SP700

Minimum System

ROM

4/2/99

O/S Version

Windows NT 4.0

4/24/98

6/5/98

11/13/98

Windows NT 4.0

Windows NT 4.0

Windows NT 4.0

The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller (see Figure 1-1 and Figure 1-2) contains one standard 15-pin VGA connector on the AGP bulkhead.

The graphics controller contains one 3-pin jumper for enabling or disabling the VGA capability when more than one VGA graphics controller is installed in the same workstation.

Figure 1-1 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller (ATX)

3

4

2

1

Standard 15-pin VGA connector

VGA enable/disable jumper

ML014617

Shows the jumper set for VGA enabled

(default)

Shows the jumper set for VGA disabled

1–2 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Overview

Figure 1-2 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller (NLX)

3

4

1

2

Standard 15-pin VGA connector

VGA enable/disable jumper

ML014616

Shows the jumper set for VGA enabled

(default)

Shows the jumper set for VGA disabled

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 1–3

PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Overview

1.3 Connector Pinout

Figure 1-3 contains a listing of the pins and signals found on the standard 15-pin VGA connector.

Figure 1-3 VGA Connector Pinouts

5

1

10 6

15

Pin No.

1

2

3

4

5

8

9

6

7

10

11

12

13

14

15

11

ML013579

Signal

RED VIDEO

GREEN VIDEO or COMPOSITE SYNC with GREEN VIDEO

BLUE VIDEO

NC (no connection)

GROUND

GROUND

GROUND

GROUND

+5V

GROUND

NC (no connection)

SERIAL DATA

HORIZONTAL SYNC or COMPOSITE SYNC

VERTICAL SYNC (VCLK)

SERIAL CLOCK

1–4 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Overview

1.4 Specifications

Table 1-3 lists the specifications for the PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller.

Table 1-3 PowerStorm 300 AGP Graphics Controller Specifications

Resolution

Color planes

Overlay planes

Stencil planes

Alpha planes

Window ID

Z-buffer

Total bits/pixel

Frame buffer

Texture memory

Form factor

AGP

Input voltage

Power

Operating temperature

Relative humidity

1280 x 1024 (maximum) @ 85 Hz

24-bit, double buffered

8-bit, shared with alpha planes

4-bit, shared with stencil planes

4-bit, shared with overlay planes

8-bit, shared with 8 bit overlay planes

4-bit

24-bit

96

15 MB

16 MB

Single full-length AGP card in ATX or NLX form

AGP 1X, 32-bit, 66 MHz, 5V signaling

3.3 Vdc, 5 Vdc, +12 Vdc

25 W maximum

10°C to 35°C (50°F to 104°F)

10% to 90% noncondensing

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 1–5

2

PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics

Controller Overview

2.1 Introduction

This chapter provides a brief overview of the PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller hardware. The PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller is supported on Alpha platforms only.

2.2 Description

The PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller is a single expansion-slot, 32-bit PCI bus module that provides 2D and 3D graphics acceleration for Compaq Professional

Workstations. The PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller includes 16 MB of CDRAM texture memory. See Table 2-1 for the part numbers.

Table 2-1 PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Part Numbers

DIGITAL Part

Number

SN-PBXGD-AD

Compaq Part

Number

102454-B21

400063-B21

Description

PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller for

Alpha platforms

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 2–1

PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Overview

Table 2-2 provides software support information for the PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller.

Table 2-2 Compaq PowerStorm 300 PCI Software Support

Workstation

Compaq Professional

Workstation XP1000

Compaq Professional

Workstation XP1000

Minimum System

ROM

V5.68

O/S Version

Windows NT version 4.0

X5.4 2935 Tru64 UNIX 4.0E/F

The PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller (see Figure 2-1) contains one standard 15-pin

VGA connector on the PCI bulkhead.

The graphics controller contains one 3-pin jumper for enabling or disabling the VGA capability when more than one VGA graphics controller is installed in the same workstation.

Figure 2-1 PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller

3

4

2

1

Standard 15-pin VGA connector

VGA enable/disable jumper

ML014615

Shows the jumper setting for VGA enabled (default)

Shows the jumper set for VGA disabled

2–2 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Overview

2.3 Connector Pinout

Figure 2-2 lists the pins and signals found on the standard 15-pin VGA connector.

Figure 2-2 VGA Connector Pinouts

5

1

10 6

15 11

ML013579

10

11

12

13

14

15

Pin No.

Signal

1 RED VIDEO

2

3

4

5

GREEN VIDEO or COMPOSITE SYNC with GREEN VIDEO

BLUE VIDEO

NC (no connection)

GROUND

8

9

6

7

GROUND

GROUND

GROUND

+5V

GROUND

NC (no connection)

SERIAL DATA

HORIZONTAL SYNC or COMPOSITE SYNC

VERTICAL SYNC (VCLK)

SERIAL CLOCK

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 2–3

PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Overview

2.4 Specifications

Table 2-3 lists the specifications for the PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller.

Table 2-3 PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics Controller Specifications

Resolution

Color planes

Overlay panes

Stencil panes

Alpha panes

Window ID

Z-buffer

Total bits/pixel

Frame buffer

Texture memory

Form factor

PCI

Input voltage

Power

Operating temperature

Relative humidity

1280 x 1024 (maximum) @ 85 Hz

24 bit double buffered

Windows NT: 8-bit, double buffered

Tru64 UNIX: 8-bit, double buffered

Windows NT: 4-bit

Tru64 UNIX: 1-bit

Windows NT: none

Tru64 UNIX: none

4 bit

24 bit

96

15 MB

16 MB

Single full-length PCI card

PCI 2.1, 32-bit, 33 MHz, 5V signaling

3.3 Vdc, 5 Vdc, +12 Vdc

25 W maximum

10°C to 40°C (50°F to 104°F)

10% to 90% noncondensing

2–4 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

3

PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller Overview

3.1 Introduction

This chapter provides a brief overview of the PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller hardware. The PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller is available on Alpha platforms only.

3.2 Description

The PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller is a single expansion-slot, 32-bit PCI bus module that provides 2D and 3D graphics acceleration for Compaq Professional

Workstations. The PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller has stereo capability; see

Section 4.3.7 for information on setup and rules for stereo operation.

The PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller includes 32 MB of texture memory and 30

MB of frame buffer memory. See Table 3-1 for the part number.

Table 3-1 PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller

DIGITAL Part

Number

SN-PBXGD-AE

Compaq Part

Number

102455-B21/

400062-B21

Description

PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller for

Alpha platforms

PowerStorm 300/AGP and 300-350/PCI Graphics Options Installation Guide 3–1

PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Overview

Table 3-2 provides software support information for the PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller.

Table 3-2 Compaq PowerStorm 350 PCI Software Support

Workstation

Compaq Professional

Workstation XP1000

Minimum System

ROM Revision

V5.68

X5.4 2935

O/S Version

Windows NT version 4.0

Tru64 UNIX 4.0E

The PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller (see Figure 3-1) contains one standard 15-pin

VGA connector and one 5-pin mini-DIN StereoVision connector on the PCI bulkhead.

The graphics controller contains one 3-pin jumper for enabling or disabling the VGA capability when more than one VGA graphics controller is installed in the same workstation.

Figure 3-1 PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller

4

5

2

1

3

Standard 15-pin VGA connector

StereoVision 5-pin circular DIN connector

VGA enable/disable jumper

ML014911

Shows the jumper setting for VGA disabled

Shows the jumper set for VGA enabled

(default)

3–2 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Overview

3.3 Connector Pinouts

Figure 3-2 shows the pins and signals found on the standard 15-pin VGA connector.

Figure 3-3 shows the pins and signals on the stereo connector.

Figure 3-2 VGA Connector Pinouts

5

1

10 6

15 11

ML013579

10

11

12

13

14

15

Pin No.

Signal

1 RED VIDEO

2

3

4

5

GREEN VIDEO or COMPOSITE SYNC with GREEN VIDEO

BLUE VIDEO

NC (no connection)

GROUND

8

9

6

7

GROUND

GROUND

GROUND

+5V

GROUND

NC (no connection)

SERIAL DATA

HORIZONTAL SYNC or COMPOSITE SYNC

VERTICAL SYNC (VCLK)

SERIAL CLOCK

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 3–3

PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Overview

Figure 3-3 Stereo Connector Pinouts

5

4

3 2

1

ML013578

Pin No.

Signal

1 GROUND

2

3

GROUND

+12 Vdc

4

5

STEREO OUTPUT

GROUND

3–4 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Overview

3.4 Specifications

Table 3-3 lists the specifications for the PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller.

Table 3-3 PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics Controller Specifications

Resolution

Color planes

Overlay

Stencil planes

Window ID

Z-buffer

Total bits/pixel

Frame buffer

Texture memory

Form factor

PCI

Input voltage

Power

Operating temperature

Relative humidity

1920 x 1200 (maximum) @ 75 Hz

24-bit, double buffered

8-bit, double buffered

Windows NT: 4-bit

Tru64 UNIX: 1-bit

4-bit

24-bit

96

30 MB

32 MB

Single full-length PCI card in PCI form factor

PCI 32-bit, 33 MHz, 5V signaling

3.3 Vdc, 5 Vdc, +12 Vdc

30 W maximum

10°C to 40°C (50°F to 104°F)

10% to 90% noncondensing

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 3–5

4

Installation (Windows NT)

4.1 Introduction

__________________________ Note _____________________________

Chapter 4 pertains to the Windows NT operating system only; if you are running

Compaq Tru64 UNIX, see chapter 6.

____________________________________________________________

This chapter describes the installation of the PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI graphics controller in a Compaq Professional running the Windows NT operating system.

If your PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controllers came pre-installed, the software is already in place, and you do not need to perform the procedures in this chapter.

Topics included in this chapter are:

Hardware installation

Software installation

4.1.1 Unpacking

The graphics controller option kit contains the graphics controller, the associated software, and this installation guide. The PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI software packages include a “break-the-seal” license and a compact disc (CD) containing the PowerStorm

300/350 display drivers.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 4–1

Installation (Windows NT)

4.2 Hardware Installation

__________________________ Caution _________________________

If you will be installing PowerStorm software during a new installation or upgrade of the entire Windows NT operating system, install the PowerStorm

300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller hardware first as described in section 4.2.2. You can then install the Windows NT operating system and display drivers.

If you are installing a new PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller and will be upgrading or installing the display drivers only (and not reinstalling the operating system), you must install or update the drivers before installing the graphics controller. Follow the steps in Section 4.3.5 and install the graphics controller at the end of the procedure (step 17 and Section 4.2.2).

If a graphics controller other than a PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller was previously operating in the workstation, keep that controller installed and install the PowerStorm display drivers first (refer to

Section 4.3.5). If the previously installed graphics controller is not available or it is not operational, install the graphics controller first (refer to Section 4.2.2).

_______________________________________________________________

4.2.1 Changing the Bulkhead Bracket, PowerStorm 300 AGP Only

The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller is shipped with the ATX bulkhead bracket attached (see Figure 1-1). The NLX bulkhead bracket (see Figure 1-2) is also included in the option kit and can be switched by the customer or service provider.

If you need the NLX bulkhead bracket on your PowerStorm 300 AGP, use the following procedure to remove the ATX bulkhead bracket and install the NLX bulkhead bracket before performing any other installation procedures:

________________________ Caution ___________________________

Static electricity can damage sensitive electronic components. When handling your graphics controller, use an anti-static wriststrap that is connected to a grounded surface on your workstation. The wriststrap must be worn when handling any graphics controller to prevent damage.

___________________________________________________________

4–2 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Installation (Windows NT)

1.

Put on an anti-static wriststrap.

2.

Use a 3/16-inch nut driver to remove the two nuts, located on either side of the VGA connector, that secure the ATX bulkhead bracket to the PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller.

3.

Remove the ATX bulkhead bracket.

4.

Install the NLX bulkhead bracket onto the graphics controller.

5.

Secure the NLX bulkhead bracket to the PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller with the two nuts that were removed in step 2.

4.2.2 Installation of the Graphics Controller

The following section describes the installation procedure for the PowerStorm 300 AGP or

300/350 PCI graphics controller. To install the graphics controller, follow these steps:

__________________________ Note _____________________________

Before installing the graphics controller, check your monitor specification for signal compatibility and supported features offered by the graphics controller.

____________________________________________________________

_________________________ Caution ___________________________

Static electricity can damage sensitive electronic components. When handling your graphics controller, use an anti-static wriststrap that is connected to a grounded surface on your workstation. The wriststrap must be worn when handling any graphics controller to prevent damage.

____________________________________________________________

1.

Shut down your workstation and disconnect the monitor cable.

2.

Disconnect the power cord from your workstation.

3.

Remove the cover from your workstation (refer to your workstation documentation).

4.

Put on an anti-static wriststrap.

5.

If your workstation has an existing graphics controller, remove the screw that secures it and then remove the controller.

6.

Choose a slot on the Primary PCI bus (in the Compaq Professional Workstation

XP1000, the top 3 slots); remove the slot cover if you are using a new slot.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 4–3

Installation (Windows NT)

7.

Grasp the top edge of the graphics controller and carefully insert it into the slot, then firmly seat it.

8.

Secure the retaining bracket.

9.

Replace the workstation cover.

10.

Ensure that the monitor cable is connected to the video output connector located on the back of the graphics controller.

11.

Reconnect the power cord, and restart your workstation.

4.3 Software Installation

This section describes the installation of the Microsoft Windows NT version of the

PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI software.

4.3.1 Microsoft Windows NT Software Installation

The PowerStorm 300/350 software is a set of graphics display drivers to provide OpenGL support to enable you to run the PowerStorm graphics controllers. This section explains how to install PowerStorm display drivers on a Compaq Professional Workstation running

Windows NT version 4.0.

Keep this document in case you need to reinstall the PowerStorm 300/350 software for any reason.

If your PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller came pre-installed in your workstation, the display drivers have been pre-installed as well.

4.3.2 PowerStorm 300/350 Software Components

The PowerStorm 300/350 software CD contains 2D drivers and 3D drivers (the Compaq accelerated OpenGL support). See Table 4-1.

Table 4-1 PowerStorm 300/350 Software Components on the CD

Component Description

GDI display driver

Kernel mode miniport driver

OpenGL driver—client-side file only

OpenGL driver—client-side file only (Intel platform only)

Configuration application

File Name

pbxgdac.dll

pbxgdac.sys

pbxgdacogl.dll

pbxgdacp30gl.dll

pbxgdactab.dll

4–4 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Installation (Windows NT)

Table 4-2 PowerStorm 300/350 Software Components on the CD (cont.)

Component Description

Release Notes, which can be read using the Notepad application in Windows NT. You access this application by selecting Start, Programs, Accessories, Notepad.

Support for PowerStorm 300/350 in VGA mode (Intel platform only)

File Name

readme.txt

a2100vga.sys

4.3.3 Before You Begin

The operating system version required is:

Microsoft Windows NT version 4.0, Service Pack3 (SP3) or later.

Please note the following two possible installation sequences:

If you are installing a new version of, or upgrading, Microsoft Windows NT,

follow the procedures in Sections 4.3.4 and 4.3.5.

If you are upgrading your PowerStorm software display drivers only, follow the procedure in Section 4.3.5.

4.3.4 New Installation or Upgrade of Windows NT

__________________________ Note _____________________________

If a graphics controller other than a PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller was previously operating in the workstation, keep that controller installed and install the PowerStorm display drivers (see Section

4.3.5). If the previously installed graphics controller is not available or it is not operational, follow the procedure in this section.

____________________________________________________________

Before installing PowerStorm software during a Windows NT upgrade or new installation, you must have already installed a PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller. You can then install Windows NT according to the Windows NT documentation.

During Windows NT installation, a hardware and software component list like the one below is displayed:

Computer: Compaq Professional Workstation xxx (xxx = CPU type)

Display: VGA Compatible

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 4–5

Installation (Windows NT)

Keyboard: XT, AT, or Enhanced Keyboard (83-104 keys)

Keyboard Layout: US

Pointing Device: Mouse Port Mouse

No Changes: The above list matches my computer

When you have completed the Windows NT installation, go to Section 4.3.5.

__________________________ Note ____________________________

On the Intel platform, some monitors are unable to display the refresh rate used during a short period of the initial installation of Windows NT 4.0 when using the PowerStorm 300. This occurs after the first part of a fresh installation of

Windows NT following the period when the files are copied to the hard drive, but before Windows NT displays the first full color display screen. If you have chosen to use NTFS as your file system you may need to press the Enter key during the period while the screen is black to begin the process of converting the file system from FAT to NTFS.

___________________________________________________________

4.3.5 Installing/Upgrading PowerStorm Software Display Drivers

If you have purchased the PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller as an option, you must install the Compaq PowerStorm 300/350 display drivers. To install the

2D and 3D drivers (the Compaq optimized OpenGL support) from the Compaq

PowerStorm software CD, follow these steps:

1.

Boot your workstation and log into Windows NT if you have not already done so.

2.

From the desktop, choose My Computer.

3.

Choose Control Panel.

4.

Choose Display.

5.

Choose the Settings tab.

6.

Choose the Display Type button to see the driver and adapter (board) information.

7.

Choose Change.

8.

Choose Have Disk.

9.

In the Install from Disk dialog box, you are prompted to insert the manufacturer’s installation disk into the selected drive. Insert the Compaq PowerStorm Software CD into the CD-ROM drive.

4–6 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Installation (Windows NT)

10.

Enter the path of the appropriate PowerStorm display driver and choose OK to download the driver from the CD.

11.

In the Change Display dialog box, the display driver whose path you just defined is displayed. Confirm this choice by choosing OK.

The display driver name is shown, for example:

Compaq PowerStorm 300/350 (pbxgdac)

12.

When the message displays stating that this is a third party driver, confirm by choosing Yes.

A status box displays reflecting the progress of the driver installation.

13.

When the Compaq PowerStorm 300/350 files have been copied to your hard drive, a dialog box indicating that the driver was successfully installed is displayed. Choose

OK and remove the CD from the drive.

14.

Choose Close to close the Display Type dialog box.

15.

Choose Close to close the Display applet.

16.

When a message displays stating that you must restart your workstation to use the new display driver, choose No.

17.

Shut down your workstation by choosing Shut Down from the Start menu, then remove power from your workstation and install the PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350

PCI graphics controller as described in Section 4.2.2 if you haven’t already done so.

18.

After installing the PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller, reboot your workstation to access the new display driver. After your workstation reboots, a message displays indicating that the default screen resolution and refresh rate are being used. For information on changing these values, see Section 5.2.1.

4.3.6 OpenGL Acceleration

OpenGL functionality is available with the OpenGL display driver provided on the

Microsoft Windows NT CD. In addition to this generic OpenGL display driver, you have access to an optimized OpenGL display driver from Compaq (pbxgdacogl.dll). This display driver maximizes the performance of applications that are written with OpenGL, and supports OpenGL Version 1.1 and the OpenGL Utility Library (GLU) Version 1.2.

The pbxgdacogl.dll file is located in the %SystemRoot%\system32 directory, where

%SystemRoot%” is the environment variable defining the path of the system root directory; for example, D:\winnt40. For more information on using the Compaq OpenGL display drivers with the PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI graphics controller, see

Section 5.3.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 4–7

Installation (Windows NT)

4.3.7 Stereo Capability (PowerStorm 350 PCI Only)

__________________________ Note ____________________________

Only the PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller supports stereo capability.

___________________________________________________________

In order to activate the stereo feature of the PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller, the following steps must be taken prior to running a stereo application:

1.

From My Computer, choose Control Panel.

2.

Choose Display.

3.

Choose the REALimage (tm) Settings tab.

4.

Check the Stereo box.

5.

Choose OK or Apply.

6.

When a message displays stating that you must reboot your workstation to use the new settings, choose Yes. (The new settings will not be applied unless you reboot your workstation.)

Once your workstation is rebooted with the stereo feature turned on, you can run stereo applications. When a stereo application becomes active, all 2D and 3D applications will run in stereo mode. This will affect performance of 2D and non-stereo 3D applications.

Stereo mode is turned off once the last 3D stereo application exits.

Please note that the stereo feature is disabled if you are running dual PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controllers.

4–8 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

5

Operation (Windows NT)

5.1 Introduction

This chapter provides information about post-installation tasks and use of the OpenGL display drivers with a PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller on either the Intel or Alpha Windows NT platforms.

5.2 After Installation

After you have installed the PowerStorm 300/350 display driver, you may need to change the screen resolution and refresh rate, manage buffer swap, or identify the display driver version for troubleshooting purposes. The following sections describe how to perform these tasks.

5.2.1 Changing the Screen Resolution and Refresh Rate

The screen resolution and refresh rates are collectively referred to as the display mode.

Table 5-1, Table 5-2, and Table 5-3 indicate which display modes are supported by the

PowerStorm 300 PCI and PowerStorm 350 PCI graphic controllers. Note that the

PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller has twice as much frame buffer memory, and can thus support some higher resolutions than the PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller.

Before changing the display mode, verify that your monitor can handle the new values.

Refer to your monitor documentation for this information. Then perform the following steps:

1.

From the desktop, choose My Computer.

2.

Choose Control Panel.

3.

Choose Display.

4.

Choose the Settings tab.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–1

Operation (Windows NT)

5.

Click on the arrows in the Desktop Area to change the screen resolution.

6.

To change the refresh rate, choose one of the options in Refresh Frequency. (You can also change the resolution and refresh rate by choosing List All Modes and the desired mode, and then choosing OK.) If the refresh rate selected is not supported by the resolution you chose, the resolution will automatically change to the nearest value supported by that refresh rate, or the refresh rate will change to support the resolution.

7.

Choose Test to verify that the settings work correctly. A test pattern will be displayed on your monitor for about 5 seconds. You will then see the question, "Did you see the test bitmap properly?"

8.

If you are satisfied with the video display, choose Yes. Choose OK to change the settings.

9.

You may have to adjust your monitor to align the new resolution to the monitor. This is typically done by using the controls on the front or side of the monitor.

__________________________ Note ____________________________

If you accidentally click OK for a resolution that your monitor can’t support on the Windows NT operating system, you may not be able see the display or navigate the controls to fix the problem. If this happens, you can force the workstation to come up in VGA mode.

Windows NT Alpha Platform

Reboot the workstation. During Startup, press F2 to enter setup. Select Utilities and OS Selection Setup. Add the word BASEVIDEO to the OS Options.

Complete the boot. The screen is now running in VGA mode. Change the resolution to something you know that the monitor can handle, for example

800x600x60. Reboot again, but this time enter Setup and remove the

BASEVIDEO option, or the workstation will come up in VGA mode again.

Complete the boot and change the settings to the desired resolution.

Windows NT Intel Platform

Reboot the workstation. During Startup, select Windows NT Workstation 4.0

[VGA Mode]. The screen is now running in VGA mode. Complete the boot and change the resolution to something you know that the monitor can handle, for example 800x600x60. Reboot again, but this time select Windows NT

Workstation 4.0. Complete the boot and change the settings to the desired resolution.

___________________________________________________________

5–2 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-1 PowerStorm 300 Resolution - Refresh Rates for Alpha Platforms

(Windows NT and Tru64 UNIX)

Resolution

640 x 480

800 x 600

1024 x 768

Vertical Refresh rates

60 72

60

70

72

76

1280 x 1024 61 66 73 75

Table 5-2 PowerStorm 300 Resolution - Refresh Rates for Intel Platforms

(Windows NT)

Resolution

640 x 400

640 x 480

800 x 600

Vertical Refresh rates

72

85

60 72

1024 x 768 70 76 85

1280 x 1024 61 66 73 75 85

Table 5-3 PowerStorm 350 Resolution - Refresh Rates for Alpha Platforms

(Windows NT and Tru64 UNIX)

Resolution

1024 x 768

Vertical Refresh rates *

75

1152 x 864 118

1280 x 1024 75 85 120

1600 x 1200 ** 75

1920 x 1200 ** 60 75

* Vertical refresh rates 90-160 are only available when stereo is enabled.

** Available only when stereo is disabled.

5.2.2 Managing Buffer Swap

In Windows NT version 4.0, you can enable/disable the double-buffer synchronization. In most cases, double-buffer swaps are synchronized with vertical retrace to avoid visual

“tearing” effects.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–3

Operation (Windows NT)

Tearing and flickering can occur for a combination of reasons:

Many large triangles are being processed.

A large window is being used.

High resolution and refresh rate values are defined.

Most applications do not experience visual tearing and could take advantage of the higher frame rates and better performance available when no synchronization is used. Therefore, you should try using this mode.

If unwanted visual effects do occur, however, use the tear-free (sync with refresh) doublebuffering mode, choosing the highest vertical refresh rate supported by your monitor at your chosen resolution (see Section 5.2.1).

You can change the double-buffer synchronization mode using the display applet, as described in Section 5.2.2.1.

5.2.2.1 Using the Display Applet

To use the display applet, follow these steps:

1.

From the desktop, choose My Computer.

2.

Choose Control Panel.

3.

Choose Display.

4.

Select REALimage Settings.

5.

In the REALimage section, select the check box Minimize Flicker (sync swap with

retrace) to synchronize with the vertical refresh, or turn off the check box to disable it.

6.

When prompted, press OK to reboot your workstation.

When you use the REALimage application to set the double-buffer synchronization mode, this definition remains effective across reboots until changed.

5.2.3 Identifying the Display Driver Version

If you encounter a problem with the PowerStorm display driver, you can report it to

Compaq. When reporting a problem, you must include the version of the driver with your description of the problem.

To identify the version of the display driver, follow these steps:

1.

Select Start, Programs, and Windows NT Explorer to view the files currently installed on your machine.

2.

To ensure that all files are listed, select View, Options, and the View tab, and verify that the Show all Files box is selected. Choose OK.

5–4 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

3.

Locate the pbxgdac.dll file in the list.

This file is found in the %SystemRoot%\system32 directory.

4.

Click once on the file name to highlight it.

5.

From the File Menu, choose Properties.

6.

In the Properties dialog box, choose the Version tab.

The Version dialog box displays driver information, including the version and date.

5.3 Using OpenGL

This section describes the PowerStorm OpenGL display driver, which is designed to optimize OpenGL performance on Compaq Professional Workstations. This section includes the following topics:

Using OpenGL Applications, for users running applications developed with OpenGL

Developing OpenGL Applications, for users developing OpenGL applications

For a more comprehensive discussion of the OpenGL interface, refer to the Microsoft

Windows NT OpenGL documentation included in the Microsoft Windows NT version 4.0

Software Developer’s Kit (SDK).

5.3.1 Using OpenGL Applications

In addition to a generic OpenGL display driver, Windows NT OpenGL includes a mechanism by which OpenGL rendering can be performed by vendor-supplied display drivers. Compaq provides such an OpenGL display driver in the PowerStorm 300/350

Software product. This driver takes advantage of hardware features that improve rendering performance and quality, and is used with the PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350

PCI graphics controller.

When an application requests a pixel format, Windows NT OpenGL will satisfy the request with the pixel format that best fits the description. This pixel format can be one of the following:

A hardware pixel format, supported by the PowerStorm 300/350 OpenGL driver

A software pixel format, supported by the generic Windows NT OpenGL driver

5.3.2 Developing OpenGL Applications on Intel Platforms

This section provides information for developing OpenGL applications that optimize the performance of PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controllers on Intel platforms. If you have a PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controller on a Windows NT Alpha platform, see

Section 5.3.3 instead.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–5

Operation (Windows NT)

5.3.2.1 Pixel Format Support

The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller and display driver on the Intel platform supports a fully compliant implementation of OpenGL in combination with Windows NT

OpenGL. Color index mode support is provided by the Windows NT generic OpenGL implementation, and thus is not hardware-accelerated.

The display driver for the PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller on Intel platforms supports the pixel formats listed in Table 5-4.

5–6 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-4 Intel-Supported Pixel Formats on the PowerStorm 300 Graphics

Controller

Pixel Format

Pixel Type

Double-Buffered

Stereo

Draw to Window

Draw to Pixmap

Swap Layer Buffers

Support GDI

Support OpenGL

Support Overlays (*)

Generic Format

Need Palette

Need System Palette

Color Bits

Red Bits

Red Shift

Green Bits

Green Shift

Blue Bits

Blue Shift

Alpha Bits

Alpha Shift

Accum Bits

Depth Bits

Stencil Bits (*)

Overlay Bits (*)

Reserved

No

No

32

8

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

3

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

0

8

24

32

24

8

8

16

8

4

4

1

No

No

32

8

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

2

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

0

8

24

0

24

8

8

16

8

4

4

1

No

No

32

8

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

1

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

0

8

24

0

24

8

8

16

8

4

4

1

Auxiliary Buffers 0 0 0 0

*

You can only have 4-bit Stencil or 4-bit Overlay, which can be set with the Display Applet.

No

No

32

8

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

4

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

0

8

24

32

24

8

8

16

8

4

4

1

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–7

Operation (Windows NT)

5.3.2.2 Performance Considerations

The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller and display driver on the Intel platform accelerate virtually all OpenGL Version 1.1 operations. However, some aspects of

OpenGL use can affect performance as described in the following sections.

5.3.2.2.1 Texture Mapping

Several aspects of texture mapping can affect application performance. Some of these are under the control of the application user. Others are under the control of the application developer:

Œ

When an application defines textures to OpenGL, it can explicitly specify the resolution (for example, 16 or 32 bits per texel) with which textures are to be stored.

Alternatively, the application can leave this decision to OpenGL. In this case, the

PowerStorm OpenGL driver will, by default, use 16 bits per texel for RGB and RGBA textures. The application user can override this default behavior by setting the Texel

32 Bit Default selection in the Display Applet.

Œ

Allocating 16 bits per texel allows more textures to be stored in the texture cache and may provide slightly higher rasterization rates. On the other hand, using 32 bits per texel provides better texture resolution in the same way that a color frame buffer with

8 bits per color component has better color resolution than a frame buffer with 4 bits per color component.

Œ

The rasterization rate for PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300 PCI graphics controllers and display drivers is twice as fast for bilinear texture filtering as for trilinear texture filtering.

Œ

Software developers should use OpenGL Version 1.1 texture objects when an application has more than one texture.

5–8 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

5.3.2.2.2 Overlay Planes

The PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller on the Intel platform provides hardware support for 2-bit double-buffered overlay planes. Note that for performance reasons, not all pixel formats support overlay planes. If you do not require overlay planes, selecting a pixel format without overlay support will ensure maximum performance. The availability of pixel formats with overlay planes can be disabled by using the Display Applet.

5.3.2.2.3 Stencil Planes

The PowerStorm display driver provides hardware support for a 4-bit stencil buffer. Note that for performance reasons, not all pixel formats support stencil planes. If you do not require stencil planes, selecting a pixel format without stencil planes will ensure maximum performance. The availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled by using the Display Applet.

5.3.2.2.4 SoftImage Customizations

When using the PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller on the Intel platform with

Microsoft’s SoftImage, you should enable SoftImage Customizations using the Display

Applet. In addition, you also need to enable 4-bit overlay using the Display Applet.

Before starting Softimage, you need to make sure that the following environment variable is set:

SI_OVERLAY = USE_ONE_BIT

When SoftImage Customizations are enabled, other OpenGL applications may not behave correctly. Therefore it is recommended that SoftImage Customizations be disabled before running other OpenGL applications.

5.3.3 Developing OpenGL Applications on Alpha Platforms

This section provides information for developing OpenGL applications that optimize the performance of PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on Windows NT Alpha platforms. If you have a PowerStorm 300 AGP graphics controller on an Intel platform, see Section 5.3.2.

5.3.3.1 Pixel Format Support

The PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers and display drivers for the Windows

NT Alpha platform support a fully compliant implementation of OpenGL in combination with Windows NT OpenGL. Color index mode support is provided by the Windows NT generic OpenGL implementation, and thus is not hardware-accelerated.

The display driver on the PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller for the Windows NT

Alpha platform supports the pixel formats listed in Table 5-5. The display driver on the

PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller for the Windows NT Alpha platform supports the pixel formats listed in Table 5-6.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–9

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-5 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics

Controller

Pixel Format 1 2 3 4

Pixel Type

Double-Buffered

Stereo

Draw to Window

Draw to Bitmap

Support GDI

Support OpenGL

Generic Pixel Format

Need Palette

Need System Palette

Swap Exchange

Swap Copy

Swap Layer Buffers

Generic Accelerated

Color Bits

Red Bits

Red Shift

Green Bits

Green Shift

Blue Bits

Blue Shift

Alpha Bits

No

24

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

Alpha Shift

Accum Bits

Depth Bits

Stencil Bits (*)

0

48

24

0

Reserved (Support Overlays) 0 (No)

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

8

0

0

8

8

No

24

8

16

0

48

24

4

0 (No)

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

8

0

0

8

8

No

24

8

16

0

48

24

0

0 (No)

Auxiliary Buffers 0 0 0 0

*

Availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled using the Display Applet.

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

8

0

0

8

8

No

24

8

16

0

48

24

4

0 (No)

5–10 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-5 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics

Controller (cont.)

Pixel Format 5 6 7 8

Pixel Type

Double-Buffered

Stereo

Draw to Window

Draw to Bitmap

Support GDI

Support OpenGL

Generic Pixel Format

Need Palette

Need System Palette

Swap Exchange

Swap Copy

Swap Layer Buffers

Generic Accelerated

Color Bits

Red Bits

Red Shift

Green Bits

Green Shift

Blue Bits

Blue Shift

Alpha Bits

No

24

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

Alpha Shift

Accum Bits

Depth Bits

Stencil Bits (*)

0

48

24

0

Reserved (Support Overlays) 1 (Yes)

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

8

0

0

8

8

No

24

8

16

0

48

24

4

1 (Yes)

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

8

0

0

8

8

No

24

8

16

0

48

24

0

1 (Yes)

Auxiliary Buffers 0 0 0 0

*

Availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled using the Display Applet.

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

8

0

0

8

8

No

24

8

16

0

48

24

4

1 (Yes)

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–11

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-6 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller

Pixel Format

Pixel Type

Double-Buffered

Stereo

Draw to Window

Draw to Bitmap

Support GDI

Support OpenGL

Generic Pixel Format

Need Palette

Need System Palette

Swap Exchange

Swap Copy

Swap Layer Buffers

Generic Accelerated

1

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

2

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

3

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Color Bits

Red Bits

Red Shift

Green Bits

Green Shift

Blue Bits

Blue Shift

Alpha Bits

Alpha Shift

24

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

24

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

24

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

24

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

Accum Bits

Depth Bits

48

24

Stencil Bits (*) 0

Reserved (Support Overlays) 0 (No)

48

24

0

0 (No)

48

24

4

0 (No)

48

24

4

0 (No)

Auxiliary Buffers 0 0 0 0

* Availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled using the Display Applet.

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

4

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

5–12 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-6 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller (cont.)

Pixel Format 5 6 7 8

Pixel Type

Double-Buffered

Stereo

Draw to Window

Draw to Bitmap

Support GDI

Support OpenGL

Generic Pixel Format

Need Palette

Need System Palette

Swap Exchange

Swap Copy

Swap Layer Buffers

Generic Accelerated

Color Bits

Red Bits

Red Shift

Green Bits

Green Shift

Blue Bits

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

24

8

16

8

8

8

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

24

8

16

8

8

8

RGBA

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

24

8

16

8

8

8

Blue Shift

Alpha Bits

Alpha Shift

Accum Bits

0

0

0

48

0

0

0

48

0

0

0

48

0

0

0

48

Depth Bits

Stencil Bits (*)

24

0

24

0

24

4

24

4

Reserved (Support Overlays) 1(Yes)

Auxiliary Buffers 0

1(Yes)

0

1(Yes)

0

1(Yes)

0

* Availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled using the Display Applet.

No

Yes

No

24

No

No

No

No

8

8

8

8

16

RGBA

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–13

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-6 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller (cont.)

Pixel Format 9 10 11 12

Pixel Type

Double-Buffered

Stereo

Draw to Window

Draw to Bitmap

Support GDI

Support OpenGL

Generic Pixel Format

Need Palette

Need System Palette

Swap Exchange

Swap Copy

Swap Layer Buffers

Generic Accelerated

Color Bits

No

No

No

24

No

No

No

Yes

RGBA

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

24

No

No

No

No

RGBA

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

24

No

No

No

Yes

RGBA

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Red Bits

Red Shift

Green Bits

Green Shift

Blue Bits

Blue Shift

Alpha Bits

Alpha Shift

Accum Bits

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

Depth Bits

Stencil Bits (*)

24

0

24

0

24

4

24

4

Reserved (Support Overlays) 0 (No)

Auxiliary Buffers 0

0 (No)

0

0 (No)

0

0 (No)

0

* Availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled using the Display Applet.

No

No

No

24

No

No

No

No

RGBA

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

5–14 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

Table 5-6 Alpha-Supported Pixel Formats on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller (cont.)

Pixel Format 13 14 15 16

Pixel Type

Double-Buffered

Stereo

Draw to Window

Draw to Bitmap

Support GDI

Support OpenGL

Generic Pixel Format

Need Palette

Need System Palette

Swap Exchange

Swap Copy

Swap Layer Buffers

Generic Accelerated

Color Bits

No

Yes

No

24

No

No

No

Yes

RGBA

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

24

No

No

No

No

RGBA

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

24

No

No

No

Yes

RGBA

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Red Bits

Red Shift

Green Bits

Green Shift

Blue Bits

Blue Shift

Alpha Bits

Alpha Shift

Accum Bits

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

8

16

8

8

8

0

0

0

48

Depth Bits

Stencil Bits (*)

24

0

24

0

24

4

24

4

Reserved (Support Overlays) 1 (Yes)

Auxiliary Buffers 0

1 (Yes)

0

1 (Yes)

0

1 (Yes)

0

* Availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled using the Display Applet.

No

Yes

No

24

No

No

No

No

RGBA

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–15

Operation (Windows NT)

5.3.3.2 Performance Considerations

PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers for the Windows NT Alpha platform accelerate virtually all OpenGL Version 1.1 operations. However, some aspects of

OpenGL use can affect performance as described in the following sections.

5.3.3.2.1 Texture Mapping

Several aspects of texture mapping can affect application performance. Some of these are under the control of the application user. Others are under the control of the application developer.

When an application defines textures to OpenGL it can explicitly specify the resolution (for example 16 or 32 bits per texel) with which textures are to be stored.

Alternatively, the application can leave this decision to OpenGL. In this latter case the PowerStorm 300/350 OpenGL driver will, by default, use 16 bits per texel for

RGB and RGBA textures. The application user can override this default behavior by setting the Texel 32 Bit Default selection in the Display Applet.

Allocating 16 bits per texel allows more textures to be stored in the texture cache and may provide slightly higher rasterization rates. On the other hand, using 32 bits per texel provides better texture resolution in just the same way that a color frame buffer with 8 bits per color component has better color resolution than a frame buffer with 4 bits per color component.

The rasterization rate for PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers is twice as fast for bilinear texture filtering as for trilinear texture filtering.

Software developers should use OpenGL Version 1.1 texture objects when an application has more than one texture.

5.3.3.2.2 Alpha Buffers

PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on the Windows NT Alpha platform do not provide an alpha buffer (i.e., it has zero alpha planes). Few applications actually need an alpha buffer. The two operations that depend on the values stored in the alpha buffer are:

Storing alpha values so that they can be read later

The application needs an alpha buffer if it must store alpha values for later retrieval by the glReadPixels function with one of the following formats:

– GL_ALPHA

– GL_RGBA

– GL_LUMINANCE_ALPHA

5–16 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Windows NT)

Blending, using a destination alpha value

The application needs an alpha buffer if it calls the glBlendFunc function with one of the following values:

– DST_ALPHA

– ONE_MINUS_DST_ALPHA

– ONE_MINUS_DST_COLOR

– SRC_ALPHA_SATURATE

In conformance with OpenGL, glReadPixels returns 1.0 for all alpha values, and OpenGL uses 1.0 for all destination alpha values when computing blending factors.

Note that all alpha related aspects of the rasterization and per-fragment portions of the

OpenGL pipeline (blending, alpha test, alpha related texturing functionality) are supported by PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on the Windows NT Alpha platform.

_________________________ Caution ___________________________

If an application calls wglChoosePixelFormat to request a pixel format with alpha planes, a generic pixel format will be chosen. In this case OpenGL operations will not be hardware accelerated, thus severely degrading performance.

____________________________________________________________

5.3.3.2.3 Overlay Planes

PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on the Windows NT Alpha platform provide hardware support for 8-bit, double-buffered overlay planes. Note that for performance reasons, not all pixel formats support overlay planes. If you do not require overlay planes, selecting a pixel format without overlay support will ensure maximum performance.

5.3.3.2.4 Stencil Planes

The PowerStorm display driver provides hardware support for a 4-bit stencil buffer. Note that for performance reasons, not all pixel formats support stencil planes. If you do not require stencil planes, selecting a pixel format without stencil planes will ensure maximum performance. The availability of pixel formats with stencil planes can be disabled by using the Display Applet.

5.3.3.2.5 SoftImage Customizations

When using PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on the Windows NT Alpha platform with Microsoft’s SoftImage, you should enable SoftImage Customizations using the Display Applet. This will ensure maximum performance and compatibility with

SoftImage.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 5–17

Operation (Windows NT)

When SoftImage Customizations are enabled, other OpenGL applications may not behave correctly. Therefore it is recommended that SoftImage Customizations be disabled before running other OpenGL applications.

5–18 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

6

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

6.1 Introduction

__________________________ Note _____________________________

Chapter 6 pertains to the Compaq Tru64 UNIX operating system only; if you are running Windows NT, see chapter 4.

____________________________________________________________

This chapter describes the installation of the PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controller in a Compaq Professional Workstation running the Compaq Tru64 UNIX operating system.

If your PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controller came pre-installed, the software is already in place, and you do not need to perform the procedures in this chapter.

Topics included in this chapter are:

Hardware installation

Software installation

6.1.1 Unpacking

The graphics controller option kit contains the graphics controller, the associated software

(PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support), and this installation guide. The

PowerStorm 300/350 PCI software packages include a “break-the-seal” license and a compact disc (CD) containing the PowerStorm 300/350 display drivers.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 6–1

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support is a supplemental kit that only supports the

PowerStorm 300 and PowerStorm 350 graphics controllers. This kit requires Tru64 UNIX

Version 4.0E or 4.0F, and is only supported on the Compaq Professional Workstation

XP1000.

This release contains optional support for the OpenGL graphics libraries and API support.

6.2 Hardware Installation

The following section describes the installation procedure for the PowerStorm 300/350

PCI graphics controller.

6.2.1 Installation of the Graphics Controller

__________________________ Note ____________________________

Before installing the graphics controller, check your monitor specification for signal compatibility and supported features offered by the graphics controller.

___________________________________________________________

________________________ Caution ___________________________

Static electricity can damage sensitive electronic components. When handling your graphics controller, use an anti-static wriststrap that is connected to a grounded surface on your workstation. The wriststrap must be worn when handling any graphics controller to prevent damage.

___________________________________________________________

To install the graphics controller, follow these steps:

1.

Shut down your workstation and disconnect the monitor cable.

2.

Disconnect the power cord from your workstation.

3.

Remove the cover from your workstation (refer to your workstation documentation).

4.

Put on an anti-static wriststrap.

5.

If your workstation has an existing graphics controller, remove the screw that secures it and then remove the controller.

6.

Choose a slot on the primary PCI bus (in the Compaq Professional Workstation

XP1000, the top 3 slots); remove the slot cover if you are using a new slot.

7.

Grasp the top edge of the graphics controller and carefully insert it into the slot, then firmly seat it.

8.

Secure the retaining bracket.

6–2 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

9.

Replace the workstation cover.

10.

Ensure that the monitor cable is connected to the video output connector located on the back of the graphics controller.

11.

Reconnect the power cord, and restart your workstation.

6.3 Software Installation

This section describes the installation of PowerStorm 300/350 software for the Tru64

UNIX operating system.

6.3.1 Installation Preparation and Information

6.3.1.1 Required License

PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support software requires an Open3D Product

Authorization Key (PAK) for OpenGL server operation. A hardcopy of this PAK is provided with your hardware and should be registered using the License Management

Facility (LMF) before you install PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support. If you do not register the PAK before starting the software, the server will run in 2D mode only

(without OpenGL server support).

If your PowerStorm 300/350 graphics controller hardware and software came pre-installed, the PAK will already be registered.

For complete information on using the Tru64 UNIX License Management Facility, see the

Software License Management guide or the

lmf(8)

reference page.

6.3.1.2 Prerequisite Software

You can install PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support only on systems that are running Tru64 UNIX Version 4.0E or 4.0F.

__________________________ Note _____________________________

Before installing PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support, you must remove all versions of DIGITAL Open3D from the system. After you have installed PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support, if you upgrade or reinstall the operating system, you must first de-install PowerStorm 300/350

UNIX Graphics Support. Once the operating system update has completed, you may reinstall PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support.

____________________________________________________________

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 6–3

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

6.3.1.3 Alternate Console

Instead of using the graphics display as the system console, it is possible to attach an external ASCII terminal to serial port 1 and have console interactions take place on that device. This is done at the boot prompt (>>>).

To use an external terminal, the commands are:

>>> set console serial

>>> init

To return to the graphics display as console, the commands are:

>>> set console graphics

>>> init

6.3.1.4 Booting Compaq Tru64 UNIX

To begin installation of PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support, you must boot the generic kernal. This is done at the boot prompt (>>>).

>>> b -fi genvmunix

6.3.2 Installing PowerStorm Display Drivers

You must have super-user (“root”) privileges to perform most operations described below.

Login as root before continuing.

6.3.2.1 Copying the Kit from CD-ROM

This section describes the procedure for copying the PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics

Support kit from a CD-ROM distribution. The kit is distributed as a tar file with the extension tar

.

If you have downloaded the kit from another source, simply copy it into the

/var/tmp/ directory and skip to the next section. The installation instructions below assume the name of the distribution file is

PS3x0UNIX.tar

.

In the following instructions, rz4

is the CD-ROM disk drive and

/mnt

is a free mount point. Follow these instructions to copy the kit from a CD-ROM drive:

1.

Place the CD-ROM media in the appropriate disk drive.

2.

Mount the media on a free mount point by entering the following command:

# mount -t cdfs -r -o noversion /dev/rz4c /mnt

When you install from a CD-ROM, the CD-ROM disk c partition must be mounted on a free mount point.

3.

Copy the kit from the CD-ROM to your local hard drive:

# cp /mnt/alpha/unix/ps3x0v12.tar /var/tmp/PS3x0UNIX.tar

6–4 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

If this is not the path to the kit on your CD-ROM, you may need to search for the appropriate file on the CD-ROM by looking for the tar

extension.

6.3.2.2 Unpacking the Kit

This section describes the procedure for unpacking the compressed kit into a directory structure on your local filesystem. It is assumed that the compressed kit distribution file exists as

/var/tmp/PS3x0UNIX.tar

.

1.

Change to the directory where you copied the kit distribution file:

# cd /var/tmp

2.

Use tar

to unpack the tar file into a directory structure:

# tar xvf PS3x0UNIX.tar

This will create the

PS3x0UNIX

directory and populate it with the kit files.

6.3.2.3 Installing the Kit

This section describes the procedure for installing PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics

Support. It is assumed that the kit has been obtained and unpacked into the

/var/tmp/PS3x0UNIX/

directory.

1.

Ensure that the system in which you wish to install PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX

Graphics Support does not already contain a DIGITAL Open3D kit.

To determine if DIGITAL Open3D subsets are installed on the system, enter the command:

# setld -i | grep O3D | grep installed

If any of these subsets are installed, you must de-install them using the setld -d command. For example, to remove the OpenGL support files, you would enter:

# setld -d O3DDWSGLBASE491

2.

Make sure that you are in the directory where you unpacked the kit:

# cd /var/tmp/PS3x0UNIX/

3.

Start the installation.

Start the installation by entering the setld

command with the

-l

(load) function, specifying the current directory as the location of the kit:

# setld -l .

4.

Specify the subsets you wish to install.

The installation procedure displays the list of subsets available for installation and prompts you to choose the desired subsets.

*** Enter subset selections ***

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 6–5

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

The following subsets are mandatory and will be installed automatically unless you choose to exit without installing any subsets:

* PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Base

* PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Config

* PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Device

The subsets listed below are optional:

There may be more optional subsets than can be presented on a single

screen. If this is the case, you can choose subsets screen by screen

or all at once on the last screen. All of the choices you make will

be collected for your confirmation before any subsets are installed.

1) PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 MIT PEX Programming man pages

2) PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 MIT PEX Programming

3) PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 OpenGL Base

4) PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 PHIGS Japanese Run-Time Files

5) PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 PHIGS Manual Pages

6) PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 PHIGS Run-Time-Only Kit

Or you may choose one of the following options:

7) ALL mandatory and all optional subsets

8) MANDATORY subsets only

9) CANCEL selections and redisplay menus

10) EXIT without installing any subsets

Enter your choices or press RETURN to redisplay menus.

Choices (for example, 1 2 4-6): 2 3 6

5.

Confirm your subset selection.

The installation procedure displays a list of the subsets you selected.

You are installing the following mandatory subsets:

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Base

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Config

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Device

You are installing the following optional subsets:

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 MIT PEX Programming

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 OpenGL Base

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 PHIGS Run-Time-Only Kit

Is this correct? (y/n): y

Enter ‘y’ if the subsets you wish to install are those listed. Enter ‘n’ to specify other subsets.

6.

Read the informational messages.

6–6 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

The installation procedure generates messages as it checks that your system has enough space to install the requested subsets, copies these subsets, and then verifies that they were copied correctly.

Checking file system space required to install selected subsets:

File system space checked OK.

6 subset(s) will be installed.

Loading 1 of 6 subset(s)....

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Base

Copying from . (disk)

Verifying

Loading 2 of 6 subset(s)....

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 OpenGL Base

Copying from . (disk)

Verifying

.

.

.

6 of 6 subset(s) installed successfully.

Configuring "PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Base" (O3DDWSBASE495)

.

.

.

Configuring "PowerStorm 300/350 Support V1.2 Config" (O3DDWSCONFIG495)

**** Auto Kernel Configuration ****

*** KERNEL CONFIGURATION AND BUILD PROCEDURE ***

Saving /sys/conf/[NODENAME] as /sys/conf/[NODENAME].bck

7.

Indicate whether you wish to modify the configuration file.

Do you want to edit the configuration file? (y/n) [n]:

The configuration file contains a variety of parameters that enable you to define information used by the system at startup.

Enter

‘y’

if you wish to edit the configuration file. Press Return if you do not wish to edit the configuration file.

8.

Dismount the CD-ROM drive from the mount point.

For example, to dismount mount point

/mnt

, enter the command:

# umount /mnt

9.

Remove the CD from the CD-ROM drive.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 6–7

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

The installation is now completed.

6.4 Configuration Recommendations

Compaq recommends performing the following configuration operations before you use

PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support:

Partitioning Drives

You should define a minimum of 600 MB pages of swap.

For any system, you should divide swap space equally across two or more drives. No swap partition should be smaller than 100 MB pages.

Example 1:

A system with two drives could be configured to contain the following: drive1: operating system and swap1 drive2: 3D client application, user data, and swap2

Example 2:

A system with three disks could be configured to contain the following: drive1: operating system and swap1 drive2: 3D client application, user data, and swap2 drive3: user model data

Configuring Physical Memory (RAM)

You should configure enough physical memory for the average workload to reduce paging activity to zero.

The minimum memory requirements are determined by the size of the data and the application operations. On Tru64 UNIX systems, most three-dimensional graphics applications require an absolute minimum of 128 MB.

6.4.1 Tuning Techniques

When tuning a Tru64 UNIX system, the most important goals are to minimize paging and to use the physical memory as efficiently as possible. If your system has too little physical memory, these goals are extremely difficult to attain.

The recommended method for configuring PowerStorm 300/350 UNIX Graphics Support on Tru64 UNIX Version 4.0E or 4.0F is to use the

/sbin/sysconfig

utility. First, you should determine which subsystems are configured:

# sysconfig -s

6–8 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Installation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

You can then display the values set for particular parts of a given subsystem, such as "vm" or "proc", as shown:

# sysconfig -q subsystem_name

In this command, the value of subsystem_name is " vm

" or " proc

".

The

/etc/sysconfigtab

configuration file is read during bootup, and sets the values appropriately.

When using CAD/CAM/CAE or similar three-dimensional graphics applications on Tru64

UNIX, one step that frequently helps improve performance is to add the following line to the end of the /etc/sysconfigtab file: vm: ubc-borrowpercent = 50

More advanced tuning of your Tru64 UNIX system depends on the type of user activity and data files. For example, if you perform occasional assembly modeling operations with numerous view and edit operations on individual components, adding the following lines to the end of the /etc/sysconfigtab file can also improve performance: vm: vm-maxvas = 1610612736 proc: per-proc-data-size = 268435456 max-per-proc-data-size = 1610612736 per-proc-stack-size = 4194304 max-per-proc-stack-size = 48000000 max-per-proc-address-space = 1610612736

This technique is a suggested first level of tuning to try for average workloads. To achieve the best possible performance on your system, however, you should consult the Tru64

UNIX tuning documentation, experiment with the different tuning techniques proposed, and monitor the results while your application is running.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 6–9

7

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

7.1 Introduction

This chapter provides information about post-installation tasks and use of the OpenGL drivers with a PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controller on the Compaq Tru64 UNIX platform.

7.2 After Installation

After you have installed the PowerStorm 300/350 driver, you may wish to adjust the screen resolution and refresh rate, to alter the buffer swap synchronization or the default texel size, or to identify the driver version for troubleshooting purposes. The following sections describe how to perform these tasks.

7.2.1 Changing the Screen Resolution and Refresh Rate

The screen resolution and refresh rates are collectively referred to as the video mode.

Table 5-1andTable 5-3 indicate which video modes are supported by the PowerStorm 300

PCI and PowerStorm 350 PCI graphic controllers, respectively (the resolutions are the same for Tru64 UNIX and Windows NT). Note that the PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller has twice as much frame buffer memory, and can thus support some higher resolutions than the PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller.

The default video mode is 1280x1024 pixels at 75 Hz. Before changing the video mode, verify that your monitor can handle the new parameters. Refer to your monitor documentation for this information. Then perform the following steps:

1.

Login to the system as root. Ensure that no other user is currently working locally at the X console or connected remotely to the X server. You may choose to reboot the system in single-user mode before continuing.

2.

Edit the file

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

. Save a backup copy.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 7–1

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

3.

Find the line containing PowerStorm 300/350 X server command-line arguments.

Search for the text “

PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

” and proceed to the next line where the arguments reside.

4.

Append the

–screen

argument and optionally the

–vsync argument to the arguments already present. The screen argument specifies the width and height of the screen in pixels, and the vsync argument specifies the refresh rate in Hz. For example, to set the resolution to 1280x1024 at 85 Hz, alter the arguments to appear as below:

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

-pn –su –bs –nice –2 –screen 1280x1024 –vsync 85

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args end

5.

Save your changes to the

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

file.

6.

Restart the server:

> /sbin/init.d/xlogin restart

7.2.2 Synchronizing Buffer Swaps

Double-buffer swaps may be synchronized with vertical retrace to avoid visual “tearing” effects. For improved performance, the default behavior is not to synchronize the buffer swaps to the vertical retrace.

Tearing and flickering can occur for a combination of reasons:

Many large triangles are being processed.

A large window is being used.

High resolution and refresh rate values are defined.

Most applications do not experience visual tearing and could take advantage of the higher frame rates and better performance available when no synchronization is used. Therefore, you should try using this mode.

If unwanted visual effects do occur, however, use the tear-free double-buffering mode, and choose the highest vertical refresh rate supported by your monitor at your chosen resolution (see Section 7.2.1).

To enable double-buffer swap synchronization, follow these steps:

1.

Login to the system as root. Ensure that no other user is currently working locally at the X console or connected remotely to the X server. You may choose to reboot the system in single-user mode before continuing.

2.

Edit the file

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

. Save a backup copy.

7–2 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

3.

Find the line containing PowerStorm 300/350 X server command-line arguments.

Search for the text “

PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

” and proceed to the next line where the arguments reside.

4.

Append a

–I

argument to the list if one is not already present. This indicates the beginning of device-dependent arguments.

5.

Append the

–riFlipVSync

argument to the list as follows:

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

-pn –su –bs –nice –2 –I -riFlipVSync

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args end

6.

Save your changes to the

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

file.

7.

Restart the server:

> /sbin/init.d/xlogin restart

To disable the synchronization, follow these same steps, but remove the

–riFlipVSync argument. If no other device-dependent arguments are present, you may also remove the

–I

flag from the end of the list.

7.2.3 Default OpenGL Texel Size

When specifying a texture in OpenGL, the application may request the use of a particular internal format for GL_RGB and GL_RGBA format textures. If the generic internal format of GL_RGB (3 component) or GL_RGBA (4 component), are requested, the implementation chooses which internal format will be used to store the texture.

The default behavior for our implementation is to use 16-bit texels for these generic formats, as this will effectively double the number of textures that will fit in the texture cache on the PowerStorm 300/350 graphics controllers.

To enable the use of 32-bit texels for these generic three and four component internal formats, follow these steps to add a device-dependent X server argument:

1.

Login to the system as root. Ensure that no other user is currently working locally at the X console or connected remotely to the X server. You may choose to reboot the system in single-user mode before continuing.

2.

Edit the file

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

. Save a backup copy.

3.

Find the line containing PowerStorm 300/350 X server command-line arguments.

Search for the text “

PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

” and proceed to the next line where the arguments reside.

4.

Append a

–I

argument to the list if one is not already present. This indicates the beginning of device-dependent arguments.

5.

Append the

–riDefaultTexel32

argument to the list as follows:

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 7–3

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

-pn –su –bs –nice –2 –I –riDefaultTexel32

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args end

6.

Save your changes to the

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

file.

7.

Restart the server:

> /sbin/init.d/xlogin restart

To disable the synchronization, follow these same steps, but remove the

-riDefaultTexel32

argument. If no other device-dependent arguments are present, you may also remove the

–I

flag from the end of the list.

7.2.4 Identifying the Driver Version

If you encounter a problem with the PowerStorm display driver, you can report it to

Compaq. When reporting a problem, you must include the version of the driver with your description of the problem.

To identify the version of the display driver, follow these steps:

1.

Login to the system. You need not be root.

2.

Run setld

piped through grep

to find installed driver subsets as shown below:

> setld –i | grep O3D | grep installed

3.

A list of subsets will be returned if the driver is installed. If no matching driver is installed, the commands above will return nothing.

4.

The subset descriptions will be of the form “

PowerStorm 300/350 Support V x.x

SubsetName

”. The Vx.x is the version number.

7–4 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

7.3 Using OpenGL

This section describes the PowerStorm OpenGL driver, which is designed to optimize

OpenGL performance on Compaq Professional Workstations. This section includes the following topics:

Using OpenGL Applications, for users running applications developed with OpenGL

Developing OpenGL Applications, for users developing OpenGL applications

7.3.1 Using OpenGL Applications

This section provides information for using OpenGL applications on the Compaq Tru64

UNIX platform. This section includes the following topics:

OpenGL Visual Support, describing the available visuals and their properties

Indirect Contexts, GLXPixmaps, and the Software Renderer, describing how to enable

GLXPixmap rendering capabilities

7.3.1.1 OpenGL Visual Support

Unlike Windows NT, Tru64 UNIX does not include a generic OpenGL driver as a fall back to the hardware. On Windows NT, the generic OpenGL driver provides a software fallback for pixel formats (equivalent to visuals on the X Window System) not provided by the hardware-accelerated driver.

For example, on Windows NT, if an application requests a WGL pixel format with an alpha buffer, and the hardware-accelerated driver does not support that pixel format, then the generic software OpenGL driver will be employed, albeit at a significant performance penalty.

On Tru64 UNIX, if a GLX visual with the desired capabilities is not available from the

PowerStorm 300/350 driver, the application must either fallback to another supported visual or give up and exit. A benefit of this requirement is that all OpenGL applications that do find a suitable visual are guaranteed to be using a hardware-accelerated visual.

The visuals supported by the PowerStorm 300 PCI graphics controller and PowerStorm

350 PCI graphics controller are listed in Table 7-1 and Table 7-2, respectively. Notice that the PowerStorm 350 PCI graphics controller supports twice as many visuals. This is due to its quad-buffering (stereo) support.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 7–5

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

7.3.1.2 Indirect Contexts, GLXPixmaps, and the Software Renderer

The following section only concerns those who run applications that require GLXPixmap rendering support. Most applications do not fall into this category. Where GLXPixmaps are used for multi-buffering, they should be replaced by OpenGL double-buffering if possible. But if your application requires GLXPixmap support, this section describes how to enable it.

Follow these steps to enable a generic software OpenGL renderer for indirect rendering contexts in the X server, opposed to the hardware-accelerated driver:

1.

Login to the system as root. Ensure that no other user is currently working locally at the X console or connected remotely to the X server. You may choose to reboot the system in single-user mode before continuing.

2.

Edit the file

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

. Save a backup copy.

3.

Find the line containing PowerStorm 300/350 X server command-line arguments.

Search for the text “

PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

” and proceed to the next line where the arguments reside.

4.

Append a

–I

argument to the list if one is not already present. This indicates the beginning of device-dependent arguments.

5.

Append the

–riGLXuseSWindirect

argument to the list as follows:

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args start

-pn –su –bs –nice –2 –I –riGLXuseSWindirect

! PowerStorm 300/350 Server args end

6.

Save your changes to the

/var/X11/Xserver.conf

file.

7.

Restart the server:

> /sbin/init.d/xlogin restart

To disable the synchronization, follow these same steps, but remove the

-riGLXuseSWindirect

argument. If no other device-dependent arguments are present, you may also remove the

–I

flag from the end of the list.

In addition, you must indicate to the client library that indirect rendering contexts are allowed. Set the ALLOWINDIRECT environment variable in your application’s environment before running it, as shown (assuming a csh compatible shell):

> setenv ALLOWINDIRECT

In most cases, the performance of indirect rendering contexts and the generic software renderer does not come close to that of hardware-accelerated direct rendering. Therefore its use is only recommended when GLXPixmap support is an absolute requirement.

7–6 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

7.3.2 Developing OpenGL Applications on Tru64 UNIX

This section provides information for developing OpenGL applications that optimize the performance of PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on Tru64 UNIX platforms.

If you have a PowerStorm 300 AGP or 300/350 PCI graphics controller on a Windows NT platform, see Section 5.3.2.

Table 7-1 Supported GLX Visuals on a PowerStorm 300 PCI Graphics

Controller

Visual ID *

Color buffer format

Color buffer size

Overlay planes

Double-buffered

Quad-buffered

Z-buffer size

Stencil planes

Accum buffer size

X class

X depth

X colormap size

X RGB masks

0x21

RGB

(8,8,8,0)

24

1

(16,16,16,0)

TrueColor

24

256

(

0xff0000,

0xff00, 0xff

)

8

0x22

RGB

(8,8,8,0)

X

24

1

(16,16,16,0)

TrueColor

24

256

(

0xff0000,

0xff00, 0xff

)

8

0x24 0x25 0x28 0x29

CI CI CI CI

8 8 8

X

8

X

X X

24

1

N/A

Pseudo

Color

8

256

N/A

24

1

N/A

Pseudo

Color

8

256

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Pseudo

Color

8

256

N/A

X significant bits N/A N/A N/A N/A

* Visual IDs listed are for the first screen. Equivalent visuals on the second head of a

dual-head configuration will have different visual IDs.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Pseudo

Color

8

256

N/A

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 7–7

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

Table 7-2 Supported GLX Visuals on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller

Visual ID *

Color buffer format

Color buffer size

Overlay planes

Double-buffered

Quad-buffered

Z-buffer size

Stencil planes

Accum buffer size

X class

X depth

X colormap size

X RGB masks

0x21

RGB

(8,8,8,0)

24

1

(16,16,16,0)

TrueColor

24

256

(

0xff0000,

0xff00, 0xff

)

8

0x22

RGB

(8,8,8,0)

X

24

1

(16,16,16,0)

TrueColor

24

256

(

0xff0000,

0xff00, 0xff

)

8

0x23

RGB

(8,8,8,0)

X

24

1

(16,16,16,0)

TrueColor

24

256

(

0xff0000,

0xff00, 0xff

)

8

0x24

RGB

(8,8,8,0)

X

X

24

1

(16,16,16,0)

TrueColor

24

256

(

0xff0000,

0xff00, 0xff

)

8 X significant bits

* Visual IDs listed are for the first screen. Equivalent visuals on the second head of a

dual-head configuration will have different visual IDs.

7–8 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

Table 7-2 Supported GLX Visuals on PowerStorm 350 PCI Graphics

Controller (continued)

Visual ID *

Color buffer format

0x26

CI

Color buffer size

Overlay planes

Double-buffered

Quad-buffered

Z-buffer size

Stencil planes

8

24

1

Accum buffer size N/A

X class Pseudo

Color

0x27

CI

8

X

24

1

N/A

Pseudo

Color

0x28

CI

8

X

24

1

N/A

Pseudo

Color

0x29

CI

8

X

X

24

1

N/A

Pseudo

Color

0x2c

CI

8

X

N/A

N/A

N/A

Pseudo

Color

0x2d

CI

8

X

X

N/A

N/A

N/A

Pseudo

Color

0x2e

CI

8

X

X

N/A

N/A

N/A

Pseudo

Color

0x2f

CI

8

X

X

X

N/A

N/A

N/A

Pseudo

Color

X depth

X colormap size

X RGB masks

X significant bits

8

256

N/A

N/A

8

256

N/A

N/A

8

256

N/A

N/A

8

256

N/A

N/A

8

256

N/A

N/A

8

256

N/A

N/A

8

256

N/A

N/A

8

256

N/A

N/A

* Visual IDs listed are for the first screen. Equivalent visuals on the second head of a

dual-head configuration will have different visual IDs.

7.3.2.1 Performance and Functionality Considerations

The PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers and drivers for the Tru64 UNIX platform accelerate virtually all OpenGL Version 1.1 operations. However, some aspects of OpenGL usage can adversely affect performance. Also, the functionality of

PowerStorm 300/350 graphics controllers varies among platforms. This section describes these performance and functionality considerations.

7.3.2.1.1 Texture Mapping

Several aspects of texture mapping can affect application performance. Some of these are under the control of the application user. Others are under the control of the application developer.

When an application defines textures to OpenGL it can explicitly specify the resolution (for example 16 or 32 bits per texel) with which textures are to be stored.

Alternatively, the application can leave this decision to the OpenGL implementation.

In this latter case, the PowerStorm 300/350 OpenGL driver will, by default, use 16 bits per texel for RGB and RGBA textures. The application user can override this default behavior by following the steps in Section 7.2.3.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 7–9

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

Allocating 16 bits per texel allows more textures to be stored in the texture cache and may provide slightly higher rasterization rates. On the other hand, using 32 bits per texel provides better texture resolution in just the same way that a color frame buffer with 8 bits per color component has better color resolution than a frame buffer with 4 bits per color component.

The rasterization rate for PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers is twice as fast for bilinear texture filtering as for trilinear texture filtering.

Software developers should use OpenGL Version 1.1 texture objects when an application uses more than one texture.

7.3.2.1.2 Alpha Buffers

PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on the Tru64 UNIX platform do not provide an alpha buffer (i.e., they have zero alpha planes). Few applications actually need an alpha buffer. The two operations that depend on the values stored in the alpha buffer are:

Storing alpha values so that they can be read later

The application needs an alpha buffer if it must store alpha values for later retrieval by the glReadPixels function with one of the following values:

– GL_ALPHA

– GL_RGBA

– GL_LUMINANCE_ALPHA

Blending using a destination alpha value

The application needs an alpha buffer if it calls the glBlendFunc function with one of the following values:

– DST_ALPHA

– ONE_MINUS_DST_ALPHA

– ONE_MINUS_DST_COLOR

– SRC_ALPHA_SATURATE

In conformance with OpenGL, when an alpha buffer is not present, glReadPixels returns

1.0 for all alpha values, and OpenGL uses 1.0 for all destination alpha values when computing blending factors.

Note that all source-alpha related aspects of the rasterization and per-fragment portions of the OpenGL pipeline (blending, alpha test, alpha related texturing functionality) are supported by PowerStorm 300/350 PCI graphics controllers on the Tru64 UNIX platform.

7–10 PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers

Operation (Compaq Tru64 UNIX)

7.3.2.1.3 Stencil Planes

The PowerStorm 300/350 display driver provides support for one stencil plane on Tru64

UNIX. You may notice that on the Windows NT Alpha platform, four stencil planes are available. This is because the Windows NT window system does not have the same high demands for window system functionality, such as simultaneous support of RGB and color-index windows.

PowerStorm 300 AGP and 300/350 PCI Graphics Controllers 7–11

Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement