User`s manual | Contec SPI-8451-LVA Computer Hardware User Manual

SBC Series
Single Board Computer
Full Size PICMG
with LANx2, VGA, Audio
SPI-8451-LLVA
SPI-8452-LLVA
with LAN, VGA, Audio
SPI-8451-LVA
User’s Manual
CONTEC CO.,LTD.
Check Your Package
Thank you for purchasing the CONTEC product.
The product consists of the items listed below.
Check, with the following list, that your package is complete. If you discover damaged or missing items,
contact your retailer.
Product Configuration List
- Board (One of the following)
[SPI-8451-LLVA/-LVA or SPI-8452-LLVA] …1
- Product Guide …1
- IPC Precaution List …1
- CD-ROM (Driver disk utilities) …1 * 1
- IDE 80 pin Ribbon Cable …1
- IDE 40 pin Ribbon Cable …1
- FDD Ribbon Cable … 1
- 2 serial Ports (9 pin D-SUB male x 2) ribbon cable (with bracket) …1
- Parallel port (25 pin D-SUB female x 1) ribbon cable (with bracket) …1
- Audio jack cable (with bracket) …1
- 6 pin mini-DIN cable (2 in 1 for PS2 Mouse & Keyboard functions) …1
- DVI - Analog RGB conversion adapter
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only) …1
- +12V power supply cable …1
- Jumper short pin (2 mm) …5
* 1 The CD-ROM contains the driver software and User’s Manual (this Manual)
2 serial ports
(9pin D-SUB
male x 2)
ribbon cable
(with bracket)
Board
Product
Guide
IPC Precaution
List
Parallel port
Floppy
(25pin D-SUB Ribbon Cable
female x 1)
ribbon cable
(with bracket)
IDE 80 pin
Ribbon Cable
Driver disk utility
Product Guide IPC Precaution List
[CD-ROM]
Audio jack
ribbon cable
(with bracket)
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
IDE 40 pin
Ribbon Cable
Jumper
short pin
(2mm)
x5
DVI-Analog RGB
Convertion Adapter
(SPI-8451-LLVA,
SPI-8452-LLVA only)
6 pin mini-DIN cable
(2 in 1 for PS2 Mouse
& Keyboard functions)
i
Copyright
Copyright 2007 CONTEC CO., LTD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form by any means without prior written
consent of CONTEC CO., LTD.
CONTEC CO., LTD. makes been considered in the preparation of this document. Should you notice an
omission or any questionable item in this document, please feel free to notify CONTEC CO. LTD.
All relevant issues have been considered in the preparation of this document. Should you notice an
omission or any questionable item in this document, please feel free to notify CONTEC CO., LTD.
Regardless of the foregoing statement, CONTEC assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear
in this document nor for results obtained by the user as a result of using this product.
Trademarks
Intel, Celeron and Pentium are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
MS, Microsoft, Windows and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Other brand and
product names are trademarks of their respective holder.
All Other product names or trademarks are properties of their respective owners.
Caution about Battery
Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer.
Dispose of used batteries according to the local ordinances or regulations.
ii
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
Table of Contents
Check Your Package ................................................................................................................................ i
Copyright .................................................................................................................................................ii
Trademarks ..............................................................................................................................................ii
Caution about Battery..............................................................................................................................ii
Table of Contents....................................................................................................................................iii
1.
INTRODUCTION
1
Features............................................................................................................................................. 1
Option List........................................................................................................................................ 2
Customer Support .................................................................................................................................... 3
Web Site ........................................................................................................................................... 3
Limited One Year warranty..................................................................................................................... 3
How to Obtain Service ............................................................................................................................ 3
Liability.................................................................................................................................................... 3
Safety Precautions ................................................................................................................................... 3
Safety Information............................................................................................................................ 4
Handling Precautions........................................................................................................................ 4
Environments.................................................................................................................................... 5
Inspection.......................................................................................................................................... 5
Storage .............................................................................................................................................. 5
Disposal ............................................................................................................................................ 5
2.
SYSTEM REFERENCE
7
Specification ............................................................................................................................................ 7
Power Requirements.............................................................................................................................. 11
Power Consumption ....................................................................................................................... 11
Connector & Jumper Location .............................................................................................................. 12
Block Diagram....................................................................................................................................... 13
3.
HARDWARE INSTALLATIONS
15
Installation procedure ............................................................................................................................ 15
CPU Installation: ................................................................................................................................... 16
Main Memory Installation: DIMM1, DIMM2...................................................................................... 17
ATX Power Control Connector: CN1 ................................................................................................... 18
Front Panel Connector: CN2 ................................................................................................................. 19
Floppy Disk Connector: CN3................................................................................................................ 20
Primary / Secondary IDE Connector: CN13/CN4 ................................................................................ 21
Parallel Port Connector: CN5................................................................................................................ 22
Serial Port connector: CN6, CN7 .......................................................................................................... 23
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
iii
RS-422 / RS-485 specifications.............................................................................................................24
IDE RAID Connector: CN14, CN8 (SPI-8451-LLVA only)................................................................25
Audio Connector: CN9 ..........................................................................................................................26
CD-IN Connector: JCDIN .....................................................................................................................26
DVI-I Connector: CN15 ........................................................................................................................27
VGA Connector: CN24 (SPI-8451-LVA only).....................................................................................28
LVDS LCD panel Connector: CN11 / CN12 (SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only) ...................29
LCD Backlight Connector: CN10 (SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)..................................30
GIGA LAN Connector: CN16 (SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only) ..........................................31
10/100 BASE-TX LAN Connector: CN17............................................................................................31
USB Connector: CN18, CN19, CN20 ...................................................................................................32
External Battery Connector: CN21 (SPI-8451-LVA only) ...................................................................32
Keyboard / Mouse Connector: CN22 ....................................................................................................33
EXT. Keyboard Connector: CN23.........................................................................................................33
+12V Power supply Connector: PW1....................................................................................................34
CPU FAN Connector: FAN1 .................................................................................................................34
System FAN Connector: FAN2 .............................................................................................................34
4.
JUMPER SETTING
35
RS-232/422/485 Selector: JP1, JP3 .......................................................................................................35
RS-422 Setting .......................................................................................................................................36
RS-485 Setting .......................................................................................................................................37
I/O addresses and instructions ........................................................................................................37
RS-422/485 Terminator: JP2 .................................................................................................................38
Clear CMOS Content: JBAT1 ...............................................................................................................38
5.
BOARD RESOURCES
39
System address map ...............................................................................................................................39
PCI Routing Information .......................................................................................................................40
6.
RAID CONTROLLER
41
Creating Your Disk Array......................................................................................................................43
Creating an Array for Performance ................................................................................................44
Creating a Security Array with new drives ....................................................................................44
Creating a Security Array with An Existing Data Drive................................................................45
Using FastBuild™ Configuration Utility ..............................................................................................46
Viewing the BIOS Screen...............................................................................................................46
Using the Main Menu .....................................................................................................................47
Creating Arrays Automatically.......................................................................................................48
Viewing Drive Assignments...........................................................................................................49
Viewing Array.................................................................................................................................49
iv
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
Deleting an array ............................................................................................................................ 50
Rebuilding a mirrored Array .......................................................................................................... 51
Viewing Controller Settings........................................................................................................... 52
Installing the drivers Windows 2000/XP .............................................................................................. 53
Using the FastCheck Monitoring Utility ............................................................................................... 55
Installing FastCheck ....................................................................................................................... 55
Running FastCheck ........................................................................................................................ 55
Closing FastCheck.......................................................................................................................... 56
Using FastCheck Array Windows.................................................................................................. 57
Viewing Arrayed Drive Information.............................................................................................. 58
Rebuilding An Array ...................................................................................................................... 61
Using Controller Windows............................................................................................................. 63
Using Options Windows ................................................................................................................ 65
7.
WATCH-DOG-TIMER (WDT) SETTING
71
8.
BIOS SETUP
75
Introduction............................................................................................................................................ 75
Starting Setup ................................................................................................................................. 75
Using Setup..................................................................................................................................... 76
Getting Help ................................................................................................................................... 76
In Case of Problems........................................................................................................................ 76
A Final Note About Setup .............................................................................................................. 76
Main Menu............................................................................................................................................. 77
Standard CMOS Setup .......................................................................................................................... 79
IDE Adapters .................................................................................................................................. 80
Advanced BIOS Features Setup ............................................................................................................ 81
Virus Warning ................................................................................................................................ 81
Advanced Chipset Features Setup ......................................................................................................... 85
Integrated Peripherals ............................................................................................................................ 89
Power Management Setup ..................................................................................................................... 95
PnP/PCI Configuration Setup.............................................................................................................. 100
IRQ n Resources .................................................................................................................................. 102
PC Health Status .................................................................................................................................. 103
Frequency / Voltage Control ............................................................................................................... 104
Defaults Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 105
Supervisor/User Password Setting ...................................................................................................... 105
Exit Selecting....................................................................................................................................... 106
POST Messages ................................................................................................................................... 106
POST Beep .......................................................................................................................................... 106
Error Messages .................................................................................................................................... 106
POST Codes......................................................................................................................................... 111
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
v
vi
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
1. Introduction
1. Introduction
This product is a full-size PICMG single-board computer that uses the Intel(R) 845GV chipset and can
mount a 1.7G - 2.8GHz (FSB400/533MHz) Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 processor. The board supports a
maximum of 2GB DDR SDRAM and features an all-in-one design that incorporates a range of different
interfaces.
The SPI-8451-LLVA supports Dual View with two LAN ports (one of which provides GigaBit support)
and an LVDS interface. The board also incorporates a RAID controller (PDC2065R from Promise
Technology Inc.) for RAID 0 and RAID 1 support.
The SPI-8452-LLVA supports Dual View with two LAN ports (one of which provides GigaBit support)
and an LVDS interface.
The SPI-8451-LVA is provided with one LAN port.
When connecting external devices or building the system, please read this manual carefully.
Features
[Common]
-
The corresponding CPU is as follows :
Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 processor 1.7G - 2.8GHz(FSB400/533MHz),
Intel(R) Celeron(R) processor 1.7G - 2.6GHz (FSB400MHz),
Intel(R) Celeron(R) D processor 2.26G - 2.8GHz (FSB533MHz)
-
Full size CPU board that complies with the PICMG specification and is equipped with a range of
standard interfaces including EIDE, 6 x USB 2.0 ports, audio, serial, parallel, and PS/2.
-
Intel(R) 845GV chipset
-
Max. 2GB DDR SDRAM
[SPI-8451-LLVA]
-
Equipped with DVI-I and LDVS, supports Dual View.
-
Incorporates an LVDS interface that can connect directly to an LCD display.
-
Incorporates a RAID controller (Promise PDC2065R) that supports both data striping (RAID 0) and
data mirroring (RAID 1).
-
GIGA bit LAN using Intel 82541 controller
[SPI-8452-LLVA]
-
Equipped with DVI-I and LDVS, supports Dual View.
-
Incorporates an LVDS interface that can connect directly to an LCD display.
-
GIGA bit LAN using Intel 82541 controller
[SPI-8451-LVA]
-
Equipped with analog RGB interface
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
1
1. Introduction
Option List
CPU
PCP4-28S
Pentium 4 2.8GHz CPU with HeatSink-FAN *1
PCP4-28
Pentium 4 2.8 GHz CPU with HeatSink-FAN *2
PCP4-24
Pentium 4 2.4GHz CPU with HeatSink-FAN *2
PCP4C-20S
Celeron 2.0GHz CPU with HeatSink-FAN *1
PCP4C-20
Celeron 2.0GHz CPU with HeatSink-FAN *2
*1
This board requires the width for 2 slots (except CPU heatsink-fan hight). Furthermore, since a heatsink-fan
*2
This board requires the width for 2 slots (except CPU heatsink-fan hight). Furthermore, since a heatsink-fan
interferes to board, the next 3 slots can not use full size board (length of 200mm max.).
interferes to board, the next 2 slots can not use full size board (length of 200mm max.).
Memory
PC-MDD256-184A
184-Pin DDR-Memory (PC2700 , 256MB)
PC-MDD512-184A
184-Pin DDR-Memory (PC2700 , 512MB)
Cable
USB Connector Cable
USB Connector shielded cable
IDE-66 Cable
IDE Ultra ATA 100/66 ribbon cable
2
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
1. Introduction
Customer Support
CONTEC provides the following support services for you to use CONTC products more efficiently and
comfortably.
Web Site
Japanese
http://www.contec.co.jp/
English
http://www.contec.com/
Chinese
http://www.contec.com.cn/
Latest product information
CONTEC provides up-to-date information on products.
CONTEC also provides product manuals and various technical documents in the PDF.
Free download
You can download updated driver software and differential files as well as sample programs available in
several languages.
Note!
For product information
Contact your retailer if you have any technical question about a CONTEC product or need its price,
delivery time, or estimate information.
Limited One Year warranty
CONTEC products are warranted by CONTEC CO. LTD. To be free from defects in material and
workmanship for up to one year from the date of purchase by the original purchaser.
Repair will be free of charge only when this device is returned freight prepaid with a copy of the original
invoice boards. The warranty is not applicable if the device has been tampered with or damaged through
abuse, mistreatment, neglect, or unreasonable use, or original invoice is not included, in which case
repairs will be considered beyond the warranty policy.
How to Obtain Service
For replacement or repair, return the device freight prepaid, with a copy of the original invoice. Please
obtain a Return Merchandise Authorization Number (RMA) from our Sales Administration Department
before returning any product.
*
No product will be accepted by CONTEC group without a RMA number.
Liability
The obligation of the warrantor is solely to repair or replace the product. In no event will the warrantor be
liable for any incidental or consequential damages due to such defect or consequences that arise from
inexperienced usage, misuse, or malfunction of this device.
Safety Precautions
Understand the following definitions and precautions to use the product safely.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3
1. Introduction
Safety Information
This document provides safety information using the following symbols to prevent accidents resulting in
injury or death and the destruction of equipment and resources. Understand the meanings of these labels
to operate the equipment safely.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result
in minor or moderate injury or in property damage.
Handling Precautions
CAUTION
-
Do not modify the product. CONTEC will bear no responsibility for problems, etc., resulting from
modifying this product.
-
Do not strike or bend this product.
-
Otherwise, this product may malfunction, overheat, cause a failure or breakage.
-
Do not touch this product’s metal plated terminals (edge connector) with your hands.
-
Otherwise, this product may malfunction, overheat, or cause a failure.
by someone’s hands, clean the terminals with industrial alcohol.
-
There are switches and jumpers on this product that need to be set in advance. Be sure to check
these before installing to the expansion slot.
-
Only set the switches and jumpers on this product to the specified settings.
-
Otherwise, this product may malfunction, overheat, or cause a failure.
-
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type
recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacture’s
instructions.
If the terminals are touched
DANGER
4
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
1. Introduction
Environments
Use this product in the following environment. If used in an unauthorized environment, the board may
overeat, malfunction, or cause a failure.
Operating temperature
0 - 60oC
Operating humidity
10 - 90%RH (No condensation)
Corrosive gases
None
Floating dust particles
Not to be excessive
Inspection
Inspection the product periodically as follows to use it safely.
- Check that the board has
no dust or foreign matter adhering.
- Check that the bus connector
of the board and its cable have
been plugged correctly.
- The gold-plated leads of the bus connector
have no stain or corrosion.
Storage
(1) When storing this product, keep it in its original packing form.
(2) Put the board in the storage bag.
(3) Wrap it in the packing material, then put it in the box.
(4) Store the package at room temperature at a place free from direct sunlight, moisture, shock, vibration
magnetism, and static electricity.
Disposal
When disposing of the product, follow the disposal procedures stipulated under the relevant laws and
municipal ordinances.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
5
1. Introduction
6
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
2. System Reference
2. System Reference
Specification
Table 2.1. Functional Specifications [SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA] < 1 / 2 >
Specifications
Type
SPI-8451-LLVA
SPI-8452-LLVA
CPU(Option)
Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 Processor 1.7G - 2.8GHz (FSB400/533MHz)
Intel(R) Celeron(R) Processor 1.7G - 2.6GHz (FSB 400 MHz)
(Only corresponding to the Northwood core)
Intel(R) Celeron(R) D Processor 2.26G - 2.8GHz (FSB 533MHz)
Cache
Built in CPU
Processor socket
Socket 478
Memory (Option)
Two DIMM 184 pin socket for PC2700 DDR SDRAM up to 2GB.
Chipset
Intel(R) 845GV Chipset includes GMCH (Graphics and Memory Controller Hub)
ICH4 (I/O Controller Hub) and FWH (Firm Ware Hub)
BIOS
Award BIOS, PnP support
VGA
Graphics controller built in Intel 845GV chipset
One Analog RGB/Panel Link I/F (One DVI-I connector),
One LVDS(18bit) I/F (Two box-header 20-pin connectors)
Multi I/O
Winbond W83627HF
Keyboard / Mouse connector
One PS/2 keyboard/Mouse connector (Bundled the 2 in 1 cable),
One box-header 5-pin connector for external keyboard.
Serial I/F
Parallel I/F
16550 UART
10-pin connector box-header x 2 (RS-232C x 1, RS-232C/422A/485 x 1)
Baud rate: 50 - 115,200bps (programmable)
One box-header 26-pin connector,
One high-speed parallel port, support SPP/EPP/ECP mode
On board expansion bus
-
LAN Port
1000BASE-T/100BASE-TX/10BASE-T Intel 82541PI controller
100BASE-TX/10BASE-T, Intel ICH4 integrated controller
Two RJ-45 connectors, Wake On LAN support
IDE I/F
SATA I/F
Two EIDE ports, up to four IDE devices,
Two box-header 40-pin connectors, support Ultra DMA 33/66/100
-
FDD I/F
One FDD port, up to two floppy drives (360KB, 720KB, 1.2MB, 1,44MB, 2.88MB),
One box-header 34-pin connector, 3.5inch 2mode I/F.
Compact Flash Slot
-
SSD Socket
-
USB Port
6ch USB2.0 compliant ports, Three box-header 10-pin connector
Support RAID 0 or 1, Two box-header
40-pin connectors (PDC2026R controller None
chip) Support Ultra DMA 33/66/100
RAID *1
Audio
AC97 CODEC., One pin-header 10-pin connector for speaker-out, line-in,
microphone-in.
Watchdog Timer
Software programmable 255 levels (1 - 255sec).
Reset occurrence at the time of time up.
General-purpose I/F
-
Hardware Monitor
Monitoring of the temperature of CPU and board, power supply voltage, and fan
speed
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
7
2. System Reference
Table 2.1.
Functional Specifications [SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA] < 2 / 2 >
Specifications
Type
RTC/CMOS
SPI-8451-LLVA
SPI-8452-LLVA
The RTC (real-time clock) and CMOS data backup by the lithium battery.
The Lithium battery specification is shown in table
Specification
BR-2/3AC2P
Voltage
3V
Capacity
1200mAh
Weigh
15.5g
* Backup time: Over 10 years at none AC power 25ºC.
* Real Time Clock accurate: ±3 minutes/month at 25ºC.
Power Management
Power management setup via BIOS
Modem Ring On/Wake One LAN
Supports PC98/PC99 ACPI Power management
Bus specification/Size (mm)
PCI/ISA (PICMG) *2 / 338 (L) x 122 (H) x 28(W) *3
DC Power Requirements
+5VDC±5%
+12VDC±5%
+5VSB (Stand by) ±5% (only when using the ATX power supply)
Operating temperature /
Operating Humidity
Intel Pentium 4 Processor 2.8 GHz :
+5VDC, 5.4A
+12VDC, 7.0A
+5VSB, 0.5A
0 - 60oC (It depends on the specification of CPU and heat sink.) /
10 - 90%RH (No condensation)
Storage temperature
-20 - 80oC
Floating dust particles
Not to be excessive
Corrosive gases
None
Weight
517g
Operating System Support
Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Home Edition
Power supply specifications
(Max.)
Windows 2000 Professional
*1 : The RAID is not supported Hot Swap. The PC-SDD series is not able to use for the RAID drives.
*2 : ISA master and ISA memory refresh are not supported.
*3 : This board requires the width for 2slots (except CPU heatsink-fan hight).
8
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
2. System Reference
Table 2.2. Functional Specifications[SPI-8451-LVA] < 1 / 2 >
Type
Specifications
CPU(Option)
Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 Processor 1.7G - 2.8GHz (FSB400/533MHz)
Intel(R) Celeron(R) Processor 1.7G - 2.6GHz (FSB 400 MHz)
(Only corresponding to the Northwood core)
Intel(R) Celeron(R) D Processor 2.26G - 2.8GHz (FSB 533MHz)
Cache
Built in CPU
Processor socket
Socket 478
Memory (Option)
Two DIMM 184 pin socket for PC2700 DDR SDRAM up to 2GB.
Chipset
Intel(R) 845GV Chipset includes GMCH (Graphics and Memory Controller Hub)
ICH4 (I/O Controller Hub) and FWH (Firm Ware Hub)
BIOS
Award BIOS, PnP support
VGA
Graphics controller built in Intel 845GV chipset
VGA (Analog RGB) I/F: One H-DSUB 15-pin connector
Multi I/O
Winbond W83627HF
Keyboard / Mouse connector
One PS/2 keyboard/Mouse connector (Bundled the 2 in 1 cable),
One box-header 5-pin connector for external keyboard.
Serial I/F
Parallel I/F
16550 UART
Two box-header 10-pin connector (RS-232C x 1, RS-232C/422A/485 x 1)
Baud rate: 50 - 115,200bps (programmable)
One box-header 26-pin connector,
One high-speed parallel port, support SPP/EPP/ECP mode
On board expansion bus
-
LAN Port
100BASE-TX/10BASE-T, Intel ICH4 integrated controller
One RJ-45 connectors, Wake On LAN support
IDE I/F
SATA I/F
Two EIDE ports, up to four IDE devices,
Two box-header 40-pin connectors, support Ultra DMA 33/66/100
-
FDD I/F
One FDD port, up to two floppy drives (360KB, 720KB, 1.2MB, 1,44MB, 2.88MB),
One box-header 34-pin connector, 3.5inch 2mode I/F.
Compact Flash Slot
-
SSD Socket
-
USB Port
6ch USB2.0 compliant ports, Three box-header 10-pin connector
-
RAID
Audio
AC97 CODEC., One pin-header 10-pin connector for speaker-out, line-in,
microphone-in.
Watchdog Timer
Software programmable 255 levels (1 - 255sec).
Reset occurrence at the time of time up.
General-purpose I/F
-
Hardware Monitor
Monitoring of the temperature of CPU and board, power supply voltage, and fan
speed
RTC/CMOS
The RTC (real-time clock) and CMOS data backup by the lithium battery.
The coin type Lithium battery specification is shown in table
Specification
CR2032
Voltage
3V
Capacity
220mAh
Weigh
3.1g
* Backup time: Over 4 years at none AC power 25ºC.
* Real Time Clock accurate: ±3 minutes/month at 25ºC.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
9
2. System Reference
Table 2.2.
Functional Specifications [SPI-8451-LVA] < 2 / 2 >
Type
Specifications
Power Management
Power management setup via BIOS
Modem Ring On/Wake One LAN
Supports PC98/PC99 ACPI Power management
Bus specification/Size (mm)
PCI/ISA (PICMG) *1 / 338 (L) x 122 (H) x 28(W) *2
DC Power Requirements
+5VDC±5%
+12VDC±5%
+5VSB (Stand by) ±5% (only when using the ATX power supply)
Operating temperature /
Operating Humidity
Intel Pentium 4 Processor 2.8 GHz :
+5VDC, 5.4A
+12VDC, 7.0A
+5VSB, 0.5A
0 - 60oC (It depends on the specification of CPU and heat sink.)
10 - 90%RH (No condensation)
Storage temperature
-20 - 80oC
Floating dust particles
Not to be excessive
Corrosive gases
None
Weight
463g
Operating System Support
Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Home Edition
Windows 2000 Professional
Power supply specifications
(Max.)
*1 ISA master and ISA memory refresh are not supported.
*2
10
This board requires the width for 2slots (except CPU heatsink-fan hight).
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
2. System Reference
Power Requirements
Your system requires a clean, steady power source for reliable performance of the high frequency CPU on
the product, the quality of the power supply is even more important.
Power Consumption
For typical configurations, the CPU board is designed to operate with at least a 250W power supply. A
higher-wattage power supply should be used for heavily-loaded configurations. The power supply must
meet the following requirements:
-
Rise time for power supply: 2 ms - 20 ms
-
Minimum delay for reset to Power Good: 100ms
-
Minimum Power down warning: 1 ms
The following table lists the power supply’s tolerances for DC voltages:
Table 2.3. DC voltage tolerance
DC Voltage
Acceptable Tolerance
+ 5V
+5%
+ 5VSB (Stand by)
+5%
+ 12V
+5%
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
11
2. System Reference
Connector & Jumper Location
DIMM2 DIMM1
CN3 CN5
CN1
JP1 JP2 JP3 JIR1 JCDIN1
CN2
CN9
PW1
CN10
CN24
CN15
CN4 CN14
CN8
CN6: COM1
CN11 CN12 CN13
CN7: COM2
CN16
CN21
BATT1
CN17
CN22
JKB1 JKB2
FAN2 CN18 CN19 CN20
JBAT1
FAN1
CN23
JKB3 JKB4
Figure 2.1. Connector & Jumper Location
Item
Content
Item
Content
CN1
ATX power control Connector
CN21
External Battery Connector
(SPI-8451-LVA only)
CN2
Front Panel Connector
BATT1
Battery Holder
(SPI-8451-LVA only)
CN3
Floppy Disk Drive Connector
CN22
Keyboard / Mouse Connector
CN13, CN4
Primary / Secondary IDE Connector
CN23
External Keyboard Connector
CN5
Parallel Port Connector
DIMM1,
DIMM2
DIMM Memory Socket
CN6, CN7
Serial Port Connector
FAN1
CPU FAN Connector
CN14, CN8
Primary / Secondary IDE RAID
Connector
(SPI-8451-LLVA only)
FAN2
System FAN Connector
CN9
Audio Connector
PW1
+12V power supply Connector
CN10
Backlight connector
JCDIN
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
CD-IN Connector
CN11, CN12
LVDS Connector
JBAT1
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
Clear CMOS
CN15
DVI-I Connector
JIR1
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
IrDA Connector
CN24
VGA Connector
(SPI-8451-LVA only)
RS-232C/422/485 selector
CN16
100/1000 BASE-TX LAN connector
JP2
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
CN17
10/100 BASE-TX LAN connector
CN18, CN19,
USB Connector
CN20
12
JP1, JP3
RS-422/485 Terminator
JKB1,JKB2,
JKB3,JKB4
Keyboard/Mouse signal selector
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
2. System Reference
Block Diagram
SOCKET 478
P4/Celeron D
PROCESSOR
Processor
PWM
CLOCK
ICS950201
DATA
CTRL
ADDR
AGTL+BUS
DATA
CTRL
ADDR
RGB BUS
DVI
Connector
(SPI-8451-LLVA,
SPI-8452-LLVA only)
TMDS
SiI164
GMCH
DDRS DRAM
BROOKDALE-GV
FCBGA760
DVOS BUS
IDE
Connect
USB 2.0
PORT 1- 6
82562ET 10/100
LAN PHY
UDMA66/100
PCI CNTRL
PCI ADDR/DATA
USB
ICH4
BGA421
MII
LAN DATA
GIGA LAN / 82541P1
& Connector
PCI CNTRL
(SPI-8451-LLVA,
SPI-8452-LLVA only)
PCI ADDR/DATA
FirmWare Hub
LPC BUS
AC'97 LINK
LAN 10/100M
Connector
PICMG GOLD FINGER
HUB LINK
AC'97
CODEC
LPC IO
W83627
Floppy
Keyboard
Mouse
Parallel COM1 / COM2
(RS-422/485)
Figure 2.2. Block Diagram
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
13
2. System Reference
14
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
3. Hardware Installations
This chapter provides information on how to use the jumpers and connectors on this product in order to
set up a workable system.
Installation procedure
(1) Confirm the power supply is off.
(2) Install the processor with correct orientation.
(3) Insert the DRAM module with correct orientation.
(4) Mount the fan on the top of the processor and connect it to FAN1 connector.
(5) Insert +12V Power Supply cable to PW1 connector.
(6) The jumpers are set up according to the conditions to be used.
(7) Insert all external cables except for flat panel. (Hard disk, floppy, keyboard, Mouse, LAN, etc.).
(8) Insert CRT or LCD monitor to VGA connector.
(9) Turn on the power.
(10) Enter the BIOS setup mode by pressing ‘Del’ key during boot up.
(11) Use the “Load BIOS Optimal Defaults” feature.
(12) Configure the Peripheral Setup and the Standard Setup correctly.
CAUTION
The CMOS memory may be in an undefined state at power-on after a period of no battery backup.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
15
3. Hardware Installations
CPU Installation:
This product supports a single Intel 478pin FC-PGA2 type Pentium 4, Celeron D or Celeron processor.
The processor’s VID pins automatically program the voltage regulator on the CPU board to the required
processor voltage. The host bus speed is automatically selected. The processor connects to the CPU
board through the 478-pins socket.
The CPU board supports the processors listed in table below:
Table 3.1.
CPU list
Celeron processor
Host Bus frequency
Cache size
400MHz
128KB
Celeron D processor
Host Bus frequency
Cache size
533MHz
256KB
Pentium 4 processor
Host Bus frequency
Cache size
400MHz/533MHz
256K/512K/1MB
The socket-478 comes with a lever to secure the CPU. Make sure the notch on the corner of the CPU
corresponds with the notch on the inside of the socket.
The CPU should always have a Heat Sink and a cooling fan attached to prevent overheating.
CAUTION
Ensure that the CPU heat sink and the CPU top surface are in total contact to avoid CPU overheating
problem that would cause your system to hang or be unstable.
The heights of the heat sink that optional CPU.
PCP4-24, PCP4C-20: 70mm
PCP4-28S, PCP4C-20S: 83mm
Height
16
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
Main Memory Installation: DIMM1, DIMM2
This product’s PICMG Industrial CPU Board supports one single-side or double-sided DDR200
(PC1600)/266(PC2100)/333(PC2700) unregistered DIMM, 184-pin DIMM sockets for a maximum
memory of 2GB. Using the non-ECC DDR SDRAM DIMM.
The CPU board supports the following memory features:
-
184-pin DDR SDRAM DIMM with gold-plated contacts
200MHz (PC1600) / 266MHz (PC2100) / 333MHz (PC2700) DDR SDRAM
(333MHz limited in 533MHz FSB speed)
-
Non-ECC function support.
-
Un-buffer single or double-sided DIMM in the following sizes:
The CPU board supports single or double-sided DIMMs in the following sizes:
Table 3.2.
DDR SDRAM
DIMM Capacity
DDR SDRAM
Density
DDR SDRAM
Organization Front side /
Back side
Number of Devices
8
64MB
64Mbit
8M x8 / None
64MB
128Mbit
8M x16 / None
4
128MB
64Mbit
8M x8 / 8M x8
16
128MB
128Mbit
16M x8 / None
8
128MB
256Mbit
32M x8 / None
4
256MB
128Mbit
16M x8 / 16M x8
16
256MB
256Mbit
32M x8 / None
8
256MB
512Mbit
32M x16 / None
4
512MB
256Mbit
32M x8 / 32M x8
16
512MB
512Mbit
64M x8 / None
8
1GB
512Mbit
64M x8 / 64M x8
16
CAUTION
All memory components and DIMM used with this product’s CPU board must comply with the PC
SDRAM Specification. These include: the PC SDRAM Specification (memory component
specific), the PC Un-buffered DIMM Specification, and the PC Serial Presence Detect Specification.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
17
3. Hardware Installations
ATX Power Control Connector: CN1
When used with an ATX-compliant power supply that supports remote power on/off, the CPU board can
turn off the system power through software control.
To enable soft-off control in software, advanced power management must be enabled in the Setup
program and in the operation system. When the system BIOS receives the correct APM command from
the operating system, the BIOS turns off power to the computer.
Table 3.3.
ATX power control Connector
CN1
1 2 3 4 5 6
Pin No.
Function
6
PCI_PME#
5
GND
4
PSWIN
3
GND
2
PS_ON
1
5VSB
5VSB
CN1
6
5
4
3
2
1
5VSB
ATX Power
Control signal
PS-ON
5VSB
PS-ON
GND
Housing : XHP-6 (JST)
Contact : SXH-001T-P0.6 (JST)
: Input 5V standby power from ATX power supply.
PS_ON
: Output for ATX power supply On/Off control.
PSWIN
: Connect power push switch. The same function as CN2-1pin (PowerBT).
PCI_PME# : Connect to PME# signal of PCI bus, this CPU board can wake up from the PCI board
which supports PME (Power Management Event) function. When you do not use this
function, please keep open.
18
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
Front Panel Connector: CN2
This header can be connected to a front panel power switch. The front panel connector includes headers
for these I/O connections:
Power switch
This header can be connected the power on switch when ATX power supply use.
Power LED
This header can be connected to an LED that will light when the computer is powered on.
Hard drive activity LED
This header can be connected to an LED to provide a visual indicator that data is being read from or
written to an IDE hard drive. For the LED to function properly, the IDE drive must be connected to the
onboard IDE controller.
Speaker
A speaker can be installed on this product as a manufacturing option. The speaker is enabled by a
jumper on pins 9, 11, 13, 15 of the front panel connector. The speaker (onboard or offboard) provides
error beep code information during the POST in the event that the computer cannot use the video
interface. The speaker is not connected to the audio subsystem and does not receive output from the
audio subsystem.
Table 3.4.
Front Panel Connector
CN2
15
1
16
2
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
1
Power BT
2
VCC
3
GND
4
IDE ACT
5
RESET
6
N.C.
7
GND
8
VCC
9
VCC
10
VCC
11
GND
12
Power LED
Function
13
GND
14
N.C.
15
BUZZER
16
N.C.
Speaker
9, 11, 13, 15 Power Button
Reset Button
5, 7
Power LED
8, 10, 12
HDD LED
Power Switch
for ATX
1
HDD Active Indicator LED
Reset Switch
Power LED
External Speaker
(E x. 8Ω 0. 25W)
15
1, 3
2, 4
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
19
3. Hardware Installations
Floppy Disk Connector: CN3
The floppy interface can be configured for the following floppy drive capacities and sizes:
-
360 KB, 5.25-inch
-
1.2 MB, 5.25-inch
-
720 KB, 3.5-inch
-
1.44 MB, 3.5-inch
-
2.88 MB, 3.5-inch
This connector supports the provided floppy drive ribbon cable. After connecting the single and to the
board, connect the two plugs on the other end to the floppy drives.
Table 3.5.
33
Floppy Disk Drive Connector
CN3
1
34
20
2
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
1
GND
2
RWC
3
GND
4
N.C.
5
GND
6
N.C.
7
GND
8
INDEX
9
GND
10
DS0
11
GND
12
DS1
13
GND
14
DS2
15
GND
16
MOT ON
17
GND
18
DIR
19
GND
20
STEP
21
GND
22
WD
23
GND
24
WG
25
GND
26
TRCK 0
27
GND
28
WP
29
GND
30
RD
31
GND
32
SIDE 1
33
GND
34
DSK CHG
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
Primary / Secondary IDE Connector: CN13/CN4
This product provides two bus-mastering PCI IDE interface. This interface support PIO Mode 3, PIO
Mode 4, ATAPI devices (e.g., CD-ROM), and Ultra DMA/33/66/100 synchronous-DMA mode transfers.
The BIOS supports logical block addressing (LBA) and extended cylinder head sector (ECHS) translation
modes. The BIOS automatically detects the IDE device transfer rate and translation mode.
This connector supports the provided IDE hard disk ribbon cable. After connecting the single end to the
board, connect the two plugs at the other end to your hard disk(s). If you install two hard disks, you must
configure the second drive to Slave mode by setting its jumper accordingly. Please refer to your hard disk
documentation for the jumper setting
Table 3.6.
Primary/Secondary IDE Connector
CN13/CN4
39
1
40
2
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
1
RESET
2
GND
3
D7
4
D8
5
D6
6
D9
7
D5
8
D10
9
D4
10
D11
11
D3
12
D12
13
D2
14
D13
15
D1
16
D14
17
D0
18
D15
19
GND
20
N.C.
21
DREQ
22
GND
23
IOW
24
GND
25
IOR
26
GND
27
IORDY
28
ALE
29
DACK
30
GND
31
IRQ
32
N.C.
33
A1
34
P66DET
35
A0
36
A2
37
CS0
38
CS1
39
HD ACT
40
GND
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
21
3. Hardware Installations
Parallel Port Connector: CN5
The parallel port bracket can used to add an additional parallel port for additional parallel devices.
There are four options for parallel port operation:
-
Compatible (Standard mode)
-
Bi-Directional (PS/2 compatible)
-
Bi-Directional EPP. A driver from the peripheral manufacturer is required for operation.
-
Bi-Directional High-speed ECP
Table 3.7.
Parallel Port Connector
CN5
25
1
26
2
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
1
STROBE
2
ALF
3
PD0
4
ERROR
5
PD1
6
INIT
7
PD2
8
SLCT IN
22
Function
9
PD3
10
GND
11
PD4
12
GND
13
PD5
14
GND
15
PD6
16
GND
17
PD7
18
GND
19
ACK
20
GND
21
BUSY
22
GND
23
PE
24
GND
25
SLCT
26
N.C.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
Serial Port connector: CN6, CN7
Serial1 (CN6) and Serial2 (CN7) are 10-pins box-headers. Both are on board serial ports of the product.
The following table shows the pin assignments of these connectors. RS-232C/422/485 assigned for
Serial2 (CN7) connector only.
Table 3.8.
Serial Port connector
Pin No.
RS-232C
RS-422*
1
DCD
TX-
TX-
2
RXD
TX+
TX+
3
TSD
RX+
RX+
4
DTR
RX-
RX-
5
GND
GND
GND
6
DST
RTS-
N.C.
7
RTS
RTS+
N.C.
8
CTS
CTS+
N.C.
9
RI
CTS-
N.C.
10
N.C.
N.C.
N.C.
CN6/CN7
1
6
5
10
RS-485*
*RS-422/485 assigned for Serial2(CN7) connector only.
Pin assignment after conversion by attached cable (D-SUB 9Pin Male Connector, No.4-40UNC)
Table 3.9.
Attached cable (9pin D-SUB) pin assignment
1
5
6
9
RS-485
Pin No.
RS-232C
RS-422
1
DCD
TX-
TX-
2
RXD
TX+
TX+
3
TXD
RX+
RX+
4
DTR
RX-
RX-
5
GND
GND
GND
6
DSR
RTS-
N.C.
7
RTS
RTS+
N.C.
8
CTS
CTS+
N.C.
9
RI
CTS-
N.C.
CAUTION
-
For RS-485, TX+(pin 2) and RX+ (pin 3) must jumper together inside the D type connector.
-
TX- (pin 1) and RX- (pin 4) is the same.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
23
3. Hardware Installations
RS-422 / RS-485 specifications
-
Transmission system: Asynchronous, half-/full-duplex serial transmission conforming to
RS-422/RS-485
-
Baud rate: 50 - 115,200bps (programmable)
-
Signal extensible distance: 1.2km Max.
RTS#
JP3: 7-8
47k Ω
RXD
6.2kΩ
R
JP3: 4-6
6.2kΩ
47k Ω
JP3: 5-6
TXD
10 5
120 Ω JP2: 5-6
120 Ω JP2: 7-8
D
+5V
CTS#
CN7
Terminating Resister
6
1
47k Ω
6.2kΩ
R
120 Ω JP2: 1-2
6.2kΩ
47k Ω
RTS#
Figure 3.1.
24
D
120 Ω JP2: 3-4
RS-422 / RS-485
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
IDE RAID Connector: CN14, CN8
(SPI-8451-LLVA only)
The CPU board SPI-8451-LLVA using the chipset of Promise PDC20265R for IDE RAID port that with
the bus-mastering design takes full advantage of multi-tasking, multi-threading operating systems and
greatly improves performance.
Provides scatter/gather DMA mechanism that complies with Revision 1.0 of the programming interface
for Bus Master IDE Controller.
Scatter/Gather mechanism supports both DMA and PIO IDE drives and ATAPI devices. Allows
byte-boundary memory region during Bus Master DMA transfers which benefits operating systems or
applications, which has odd byte boundary memory transfers.
Dual independent data paths with read ahead and write posting for each channel supported for dual IDE
channels to balanced bus loading and optimal performance.
Table 3.10. IDE RAID Connector
CN14/CN8
39
1
40
2
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
1
RESET
2
GND
3
D7
4
D8
5
D6
6
D9
7
D5
8
D10
9
D4
10
D11
11
D3
12
D12
13
D2
14
D13
15
D1
16
D14
17
D0
18
D15
19
GND
20
N.C.
21
DREQ
22
GND
23
IOW
24
GND
25
IOR
26
GND
27
IORDY
28
ALE
29
DACK
30
GND
31
IRQ
32
N.C.
33
A1
34
P66DET
35
A0
36
A2
37
CS0
38
CS1
39
HD ACT
40
GND
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
25
3. Hardware Installations
Audio Connector: CN9
This connector connects the Audio jack cable.
Table 3.11.
CN9
10
9
2
1
Audio Connector
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
1
LINE-OUT-R
2
LINE-OUT-L
3
GND
4
N.C.
5
N.C.
6
MIC-IN
7
GND
8
GND
9
LINE-IN-R
10
LINE-IN-L
CD-IN Connector: JCDIN
This connector is used to connect CD Audio cable from CD-ROM or DVD drive to onboard sound.
Table 3.12.
JCDIN
1
26
4
CD-IN Connector
Pin No.
Function
1
Audio-L
2
GND
3
GND
4
Audio-R
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
DVI-I Connector: CN15
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
This connector is DVI-I connector for CRT/LCD.
The pin assignment is shown below.
In use the CRT (Analog RGB display), need the DVI-I-Analog RGB conversion adapter.
20 pin and 21 pin are connecting to Serial1 for the touch panel signal. CN6 cannot be used when using
this signal.
Table 3.13.
DVI-Analog RGB converter
Connector-type
DVI-I 29pin
1
C1
8
C2
C5
9
Pin No.
Signal
name
17
Pin No.
24
16
C3
Signal
name
C4
Pin No.
Signal
name
1
DATA2-
13
N.C.
C1
RED
2
DATA2+
14
+5V
C2
GREEN
15
GND
C3
BLUE
3
DATA2
SHIELD
4
N.C.
16
HPD
C4
HSYNC
5
N.C.
17
DATA0-
C5
GND
6
DDC CLK
18
DATA0+
7
DDC
DATA
19
DATA0
SHIELD
8
VSYNC
20
9
DATA1-
21
FPS_IN(RxD)
10
DATA1+
22
DATA0 SHIELD
23
CLK+
24
CLK-
11
12
DATA1
SHIELD
N.C.
FPS_OUT(TxD)
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
27
3. Hardware Installations
VGA Connector: CN24 (SPI-8451-LVA only)
It is a VGA CRT connector. The pin assignments are as follows:
Table 3.14. VGA Connector (CN24)
5
10
15
28
1
6
11
PIN No.
Function
PIN No.
Function
1
Red
2
Green
3
Blue
4
N.C
5
GND
6
GND
7
GND
8
GND
9
VCC
10
GND
11
N.C
12
DDC data
13
H-Sync
14
V-Sync
15
DDC clock
16
N.C
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
LVDS LCD panel Connector: CN11 / CN12
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
CN11 and CN12 consist of 20-pin connectors that using the Hirose’s DF13A-20DP-1.25V.
This product supports LVDS LCD panel display.
LVDS 18bit output, VGA (640×480), SVGA (800 x 600), XGA (1024 x 768), SXGA (1280 x 1024)
Please ask us the connectable display.
Table 3.15.
20
LVDS LCD panel Connector
CN11
19
20
19
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
2
TX0-
1
TX0+
4
GND
3
GND
6
TX1-
5
TX1+
8
VDD
7
GND
10
TX3-
9
TX3+
TX2+
2
1
CN12
12
TX2-
11
14
GND
13
GND
16
CLK1-
15
CLK1+
18
B_DATA
17
B_CLK
20
VDD
19
GND
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
2
TX4-
1
TX4+
4
GND
3
GND
6
XT5-
5
TX5+
8
VDD
7
GND
10
XT7-
9
TX7+
TX6+
2
1
12
TX6-
11
14
GND
13
GND
16
CLK2-
15
CLK2+
18
N/C
17
N/C
20
VDD
19
GND
VDD : +3.3V LCD power out (1A Max.)
Housing: DF13-20DS-1.25C (HIROSE)
Contact: DF13-2630SCF (HIROSE)
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
29
3. Hardware Installations
LCD Backlight Connector: CN10
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
This is a 5-pin connector for backlight connector.
Table 3.16.
LCD Backlight Connector
CN10
1 2 3 4 5
Pin No.
Function
1
Backlight
2
GND
3
N.C.
4
GND
5
VCC
Housing: PHR-5 (JST)
Contact: SPH-002T-P0.5S (JST)
Backlight : +12V Backlight power out (1A Max.)
VCC : +5V power out (500mA Max.)
30
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
GIGA LAN Connector: CN16
(SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA only)
This connector is for the 10/100/1000 Base-TX LAN I/F that has LED indicated the Transfer rate / Link /
Act status of Ethernet capability of the CPU board. The follow table shows the pin assignments of this
connector.
Table 3.17. GIGA LAN connector (CN16)
Speed
LED
8
CN16
Link / ACT
LED
1
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
1
TD0+
5
TD2+
2
TD0-
6
TD2-
3
TD1+
7
TD3+
4
TD1-
8
TD3-
Left LED: Speed LED
10M: OFF, 100M: Green, 1000M: Yellow
Right LED: Link/Act LED
Link: Green, Act: Blink
10/100 BASE-TX LAN Connector: CN17
This connector is for the 10/100BASE-TX LAN I/F that has LED indicated the 10/100Mbps transfer rate
/ Link / Act status of Ethernet capability of the product. The follow table shows the pin assignments of
this connector.
Table 3.18. 10/100 BASE-TX LAN Connector (CN17)
Speed
LED
8
CN17
Link / ACT
LED
1
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
1
TX+
5
N.C.
2
TX-
6
RX-
3
RX+
7
N.C.
4
N.C.
8
N.C.
Left LED: Speed LED
10M: OFF, 100M: Orange
Right LED: Link/Act LED
Link: Green, Act: Blink
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
31
3. Hardware Installations
USB Connector: CN18, CN19, CN20
This product have three USB (v2.0 compliant) pin-header connector (USB0/1: CN18, USB2/3: CN19,
USB4/5: CN20).
Table 3.19. USB Pin-header Connector (CN18, CN19, CN20)
CN18/19/20
9
1
10
2
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
1
VCC0
2
VCC1
3
USBP0-
4
USBP1-
5
USBP0+
6
USBP1+
7
USBG
8
USBG
9
N.C.
10
GND
Function
* Pin 9 is reverse-of the connector and empty pin of prevention.
* Optional USB Cable: USB Connector Cable
CAUTION
Computer systems that have an unshielded cable attached to a USB port may not meet FCC
Classrequirements, even if no device or a low-speed USB device is attached to the cable. Use
shielded cable that meets the requirements for full-speed devices.
External Battery Connector: CN21
(SPI-8451-LVA only)
It is a 2 Pin connector used for external battery. An external battery power for used of Real-time clock
and CMOS memory.
Table 3.20.
CN21
2 1
External Battery Connector
Pin No.
Function
1
GND
2
External battery
(3V)
Housing: IL-2S-S3L-(N) (JAE)
Contact: IL-C2-1-10000 (JAE)
SPI-8451-LLVAS / SPI-8452-LLVAS has the large capacity battery connected to this connector as standard.
32
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
3. Hardware Installations
Keyboard / Mouse Connector: CN22
The CPU board provides a standard PS/2 keyboard/mouse connector for attaching a PS/2 keyboard/mouse.
You will connect with an add-on cable for a PS/2 keyboard/mouse. You can select that plug a PS/2
mouse directly, PS/2 keyboard directly or both (use Y-cable) by jumper setting.
The PS2 Connector pin definition is shown below:
Table 3.21. Keyboard / Mouse Connector (CN22)
Pin No.
Function
1
KB or MS Data
2
MS or KB DATA
CN22
6
5
4
3
1
2
3
GND
4
+5VSB
5
KB or MS Clock
6
MS or KB Clock
Table 3.22. K/B & M/S Select Jumpers: JKB1, JKB2, JKB3, JKB4
Select the function
JKB4
JKB1
JKB2
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
1 2 3
Plug Keyboard
Plug PS/2 Mouse
JKB3
Plug Keyboard
& Mouse *
(Y-cable to connection)
* Default factory setting
EXT. Keyboard Connector: CN23
This is a 5-pin connector for external keyboard.
Table 3.23.
CN23
5
4
3
2
1
External Keyboard Connector
Pin No.
Function
5
VCC
4
GND
3
N.C.
2
KB Data
1
KBClock
Housing: XHP-5(JST)
Contact : SXH-001T-P06(JST)
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
33
3. Hardware Installations
+12V Power supply Connector: PW1
The power supply that conformed for ATX12V is used, this connector connect 4Pin +12V cable directly
from power supply. Use the +12V power cable of the accessories, when other power supplies are used.
Table 3.24.
PW1
4
3
2
1
+12V power supply Connector
Pin No.
Function
Pin No.
Function
2
GND
4
+12V
1
GND
3
+12V
CPU FAN Connector: FAN1
FAN1 is a 3-pins box-header for the CPU cooling fan power connector.
The fan must be a 12V fan. Pin 3 is for Fan speed sensor input.
Table 3.25.
FAN1
1
CPU FAN Connector
Pin No.
2 3
Function
1
GND
2
POWER
3
FAN
Housing
Contact
: 5102-03 (molex)
: 5103 (molex)
System FAN Connector: FAN2
FAN2 is a 3-pins box-header for the system cooling fan power connector.
The fan must be a 12V fan. Pin 3 is for Fan speed sensor input. Pin 2 is for +12V power supply.
Table 3.26.
FAN2
1
34
2 3
System FANConnector
Pin No.
Function
1
GND
2
POWER
3
FAN
Housing
Contact
: 5102-03 (molex)
: 5103 (molex)
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
4. Jumper Setting
4. Jumper Setting
RS-232/422/485 Selector: JP1, JP3
Table 4.1. RS-232C/422/485 Selector (JP1, JP3)
RS-232C
(Default)
RS-422
RS-485
JP1
23 21 19 17 15 13 11 9 7 5 3 1
9
JP3
7 5 3 1
25 22 20 18 16 14 12 1 0 8 6 4 2
10 8 6 4 2
JP1
23 21 19 17 15 13 11 9 7 5 3 1
9
25 22 20 18 16 14 12 1 0 8 6 4 2
10 8 6 4 2
JP1
23 21 19 17 15 13 11 9 7 5 3 1
9
25 22 20 18 16 14 12 1 0 8 6 4 2
10 8 6 4 2
JP3
7 5 3 1
JP3
7 5 3 1
1. For RS-485, TX+(pin 2) and RX+ (pin 3) must jumper together
inside the D type connector.
2. TX- (pin 1) and RX- (pin 4) is the same.
Transmit data control in half-duplex mode
In half-duplex mode, the transmission buffer must be controlled to prevent transmit data from causing a
collision. This product uses the RTS signal and bit 1 in the modem control register to control transmit
data.
Modem control register
(Setting I/O address +4H) bit 1:
0 … RTS High (Disables transmission)
1 … RTS low (Enables transmission)
Setting the RS-422/RS-485 receiver disable control jumper
When the RS-422/RS-485 port is used, the RTS signal is used for driver enable control Connecting JP1
Pins 4 and 6 disables the receiver at the same time, preventing the port from receiving output data to an
external device.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
35
4. Jumper Setting
RS-422 Setting
RTS#
SERIAL2
JP3: 7-8
TXD#
D
120Ω JP3: 7-8
JP3: 4-6
R
RXD#
120Ω JP2: 5-6
JP3: 5-6
RTS
TXRTSTX+
RTS+
RX+
CTS+
RXCTS-
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
D
120Ω JP2: 3-4
CTS
R
120Ω JP2: 1-2
Figure 4.1.
36
RS-422 Setting
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
4. Jumper Setting
RS-485 Setting
RTS#
SERIAL2
JP8: 7-8
TXD#
6
D
7
120 Ω JP7: 7-8
8
JP8: 4-6
JP8: 5-6
Figure 4.2.
RXD#
9
R
120 Ω JP7: 5-6
1
DATA-
2
3
DATA+
4
5
RS-485 Setting
I/O addresses and instructions
The table below lists I/O addresses for use as SERIAL2.
Table 4.2.
I/O address
02F8H
I/O Addresses and instructions
DLAB
0
1
Read/Write
Register
W
Transmitter holding Register
R
Receiver buffer Register
THR
RBR
W
Divisor latch Register (LSB)
DLL
DLM
1
W
Divisor latch Register (MSB)
0
W
Interrupt enable Register
IER
02FAH
X
R
Interrupt ID Register
IIR
02FBH
X
W
Line control Register
LCR
02FCH
X
W
Modem Control Register
MCR
02FDH
X
R
Line status Register
LSR
02FEH
X
R
Modem Status Register
MSR
02FFH
X
R/W
Scratch Register
SCR
02F9H
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
37
4. Jumper Setting
RS-422/485 Terminator: JP2
Table 4.3. RS-422/485 Terminator (JP2)
JP2
Terminator
Function
---
No terminating resister
(Default)
CTS for RS-422
Terminating resisiter provided
RTS for RS-422
Terminating resisiter provided
RXD for RS-422/485
Terminating resisiter provided
TXD for RS-422/485
Terminating resisiter provided
1
9
10
2
9
1
10
2
9
1
10
2
9
1
10
2
9
1
10
2
Clear CMOS Content: JBAT1
The time, date, and CMOS values can be specified in the Setup program. The CMOS values can be
returned to their defaults by using the Setup program. The RAM data contains the password information
is powered by the onboard battery. User can erase the CMOS memory content by short pin2 and pin3 of
JBAT1.
Table 4.4.
Clear CMOS Content (JBAT1)
JBAT1
38
Function
1
2
3
Normal Operation(Default)
1
2
3
Clear CMOS Content
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
5. Board Resources
5. Board Resources
System address map
The GMCH memory map includes a number of programmable ranges. All of these ranges must be
unique and non-overlapping. There are no hardware interlocks to prevent problems in the case of
overlapping ranges. Accesses to overlapped ranges may produce indeterminate results.
Table 5.1.
Compatibility Area
Address
0 - 640KB
640 - 768KB
768 - 896KB
896 - 960KB
960 - 1MB
Table 5.2.
Description
DOS area
Video Buffer area
Expansion Area
Extended System BIOS Area
System BIOS Area
Memory Segment
Memory Segments
Comments
00000h - 9FFFFh
0 - 640K DOS Region
A0000h - BFFFFh
Video Buffer
B0000h - B7FFFh
Monochrome Adapter range
C0000h - CBFFFh
Video BIOS
CC000h - CFFFFh
Reserved
D0000h - DFFFFh
Expansion Area
E0000h - EFFFFh
Extended System BIOS Area
F0000 - FFFFFh
System BIOS Area
100000h - 7FFFFFFFh
Extended Memory Area
00100000 to Top of Main Memory
Main DRAM Address Range
Top of Main Memory
Extended SMRAM Address Range
Top of Main Memory To 4GB
PCI Memory Address Range
FEC0000h - FECFFFFFh,
FEE00000h - FEEFFFFFh
APIC configuration space
FFE0000h - FFFFFFFFh
High BIOS Area
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
39
5. Board Resources
PCI Routing Information
Tabled 5.3. PCI Routing Information
IDSEL
INT
AD23
INT F
LAN Intel 82541
AD25
INT G
RAID: PDC20265R
40
Onboard Function
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
6. RAID Controller
Important data protection information
You should back up all data before installing any drive controller or storage peripheral. We are not
responsible for any loss of data resulting from the use, disuse or misuse of the RAID device.
CAUTION
When you need to use RAID function, you mast connect compatible IDE device with connector CN8
and CN14.
DANGER
-
Before installing the driver into an existing existing system, backup any necessary data.
follow this accepted PC practice could result in data loss.
Failure to
-
When installing the hard drives, if you wish to include your current bootable drive using the
Windows 2000 operating system as part of a bootable Mirrored (RAID1) array on your RAID device,
do NOT connect the hard drive to the RAID connector yet. You MUST install the Windows 2000
driver software first to this drive while it is still attached to your existing hard drive controller.
-
This board is not supporting the hot swap of the drive.
Hard drives must be Ultra ATA/100, Ultra ATA/66, Ultra ATA/33, EIDE and / or Fast ATA-2
compatible to operate with the RAID controller. For optimal performance, install all identical drives of
the same model and capacity. The drive’s matched performance allows the array to function better as a
single drive.
1.
We recommend using identical drive as part of a “FastTrak1000-Lite” array. If striping for
performance, use two new drives. If mirroring for protection, you can use two new drives OR use
an existing drive and a new drive (the new drive must be the same size or larger than the existing
drive).
2.
Configure the jumpers of the hard drive you’re preparing to connect to the RAID device connector
using the correct “Master / Slave” or “Cable-Select” settings in the positions described in the table
below.
CAUTION
Sometimes the Master drive with no slave attached is called “Single”.
differentiates two drives chained
The master slave setting
Jumper Settings
# of Drives
IDE Channel 1
IDE Channel 2
1
M
----
2
M
M
3
M&S
M
4
M&S
M&S
M = Master, S = Slave
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
41
6. RAID Controller
3.
Install the hard drives into the hard drive bays of your system, including the power cables.
4.
Attach one Ultra ATA cable to each hard drive. Then attach one cable to each of the IDE connector
on the SPI-8451-LLVA board. The colored edge of the cable(s) indicates pin 1, and the blue cable
connector must be attached to the SPI-8451-LLVA connector.
CAUTION
You must use an 80-wire, 40-pin cable when connecting an Ultra ATA66/100 hard drive to the
SPI-8451-LLVA connector
42
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Creating Your Disk Array
You will now use the FastBuild™ BIOS utility to create your array using the attached drives. There are
three different scenarios in creating this array. You can create an array for performance, you can create
a Security array using new hard drives (recommended), or you can create a Security array using an
existing hard drive and a new hard drive.
DANGER
If creating a Security array using an existing hard drive, backup any necessary data. Failure to
follow this accepted PC practice could result in data loss.
1.
Boot you system. If this is the first time you have booted with the RAID controller and drives
installed, the Promise onboard BIOS will display the following screen.
FastTrak100 (tm) “Lite” BIOS Version 2.xx.x.xx
(c) 1995-2001 Promise Technology, Inc. All rights reserved.
No array defined . . .
Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility or
Press <ESC> to continue booting…
2.
Press <Ctrl-F> keys to display the FastBuild™ Utility Main Menu.
3.
Press “1” to display the Auto Setup Menu below. This is the fastest and easiest method to creating
your first array.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx © 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
[Auto Setup Options Menu]
Optimize Array for:
Performance
Typical Application to use:
DESKTOP
[ Auto Setup Configuration ]
Mode…………………………………….Stripe
Spare Drive …………………………….0
Drive(s) Used in Array…………………2
Array Disk Capacity (size in MB)…….16126
[ Keys Available ]
[↑] Up [↓] Down
[←, , Space] Change Option
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
[ESC] Exit
[CTRL-Y] Save
43
6. RAID Controller
Creating an Array for Performance
CAUTION
RAID controller allows users to create striped arrays with 1, 2 drives.
To create an array for best performance, follow these steps:
1.
Using the Spacebar, choose “Performance” under the Optimize Array for section.
2.
Select how you will use your PC most under the Typical Application to use section.
are A/V Editing, SERVER, and DESKTOP (the default).
3.
Press <Ctrl-Y> keys to Save and create the array.
4.
Reboot your system.
5.
Once the array has been created, you will need to FDISK and format the array as if it were a new
single hard drive.
6.
Proceed to Installing Drivers section of the manual.
The choices
Creating a Security Array with new drives
CAUTION
RAID controller permit only two drives to be used for a single Mirrored array in Auto Setup.
To create an array for data protection using new hard drives, follow these steps:
1.
Using the Spacebar, choose “Security” under the Optimize Array for section.
2.
Press <Ctrl-Y> keys to save your selection.
3.
The window below will appear.
Do you want the disk image to be duplicated to another? (Yes/No)
Y - Create and Duplicate
N - Create Only
4.
Press “N” for the Create Only option.
5.
A window will appear almost immediately confirming that your Security array has been created.
Press any key to reboot the system.
Array has been created.
<Press Any Key to Reboot>
6.
Proceed with normal FDISK and format procedures as if you had just installed a new hard drive.
7.
Once the arrayed drives have been formatted, proceed to the Installing Driver your operating system.
44
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Creating a Security Array with An Existing Data Drive
CAUTION
RAID controller permit only two drives to be used for a single Mirrored array in Auto Setup.
You would use this method if you wish to use a drive that already contains data and / or is the bootable
system drive in your system. You will need another drive of identical or larger storage capacity.
Follow these steps:
1. Using the Spacebar, choose “Security” under the Optimize Array for section.
2.
3.
Press <Ctrl-Y> keys to Save your selection.
Channel:ID
Source Disk
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
Channel:ID
Target Disk
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
Channel:ID
1 :Master
2 :Master
4.
5.
6.
The window below will appear.
Do you want the disk image to be duplicated to another? (Yes/No)
Y - Create and Duplicate
N - Create Only
Press “Y” for the Create and Duplicate option. The window below will appear asking you to select
the Source drive to use. FastBuild™ will copy all data from the Source drive to the Target drive.
[Please Select A Source Disk]
Drive Model
QUANTUMCR8.4A
QUANTUMCR8.4A
Capacity (MB)
8063
8063
[↑] Up [↓]
[ESC] Exit
[Ctrl-Y] Save
Use the arrow keys to choose which drive contains the existing data to be copied.
Press <Ctrl-Y> keys to save selection and start duplication.
appear.
The following progress screen will
Start to duplicate the image . . .
Do you want to continue? (Yes/No)
Y – Continue N – Abort
Select “Y” to continue. If you choose “N”, you will be returned to step 1.
7. Once complete, the following screen will appear confirming that your Security array has been created.
Press any key to reboot the system
8.
Array has been created.
<Press Any Key to Reboot>
Proceed to the Installing Driver on your operating system
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
45
6. RAID Controller
Using FastBuild™ Configuration Utility
The FastBuild™ Configuration Utility offers several menu choice to create an manage the drive array on
the RAID controller. For purposes of this manual, it is assumed you have already created an array in the
previous chapter and now wish to make a change to the array or view other options.
Viewing the BIOS Screen
When you boot your system with the RAID controller and drives installed, the Promise onboard BIOS
will detect the drives attached and show the following screen.
FastTrak100 (tm) “Lite” BIOS Version 2.xx.x.xx
(c) 1995-2001 Promise Technology, Inc. All rights
reserved.
Scanning IDE drives . . . . .
If an array exists already, the BIOS will display the following screen showing the board’s BIOS version
and status of the array.
FastTrak100 (tm) “Lite” BIOS Version 2.xx.x.xx
(c) 1995-2001 Promise Technology, Inc. All rights reserved.
ID
MODE
1
2+0 Stripe
SIZE
16126M
TRACK-MAPPING
611/128/32
STATUS
Functional
Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility....
The array status consists of three possible conditions: Functional, Critical, Offline.
Functional – The array is operational.
Critical – A mirrored array contains a drive that has failed or disconnected. The remaining drive
member in the array is functional. However, the array has temporarily lost its ability to provide fault
tolerance. The user should identify the failed drive through the FastBuild™ Setup utility, and then
replace the problem drive.
Offline – A striped array has 1 drive that has failed or been disconnected. When the array condition is
“offline”, the user must replace the failed drive(s), and then restore data from a backup source.
Navigating the FastBuild™ Setup Menu
When using the menus, these are some of the basic navigation tips: Arrow keys highlights through
choices, <Space> bar key allows to cycle through options, <Enter> selects an options; <ESC> key is used
to abort or exit the current menu.
46
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Using the Main Menu
This is the first option screen when entering the FastBuild™ Setup.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Main Menu ]
Auto Setup……………………………………………….. [ 1 ]
View Drive Assignments …………………………………[ 2 ]
View Array………………………………………………. [ 3 ]
Delete Array………………………………………………[ 4 ]
Rebuild Array……………………………………………..[ 5 ]
Controller Configuration………………………………….[ 6 ]
[ Keys Available ]
Press 1..6 to Select Option
[ESC] Exit
1.
To create a new array automatically, follow the steps under “Creating arrays Automatically”.
recommend this option for most users.
2.
To view drives assigned to arrays, see “Viewing Drive assignments”.
3.
To delete an array (but not delete the data contained on the array), select “Deleting an array”.
rebuild a mirrored array, see “Rebuilding an Array”.
4.
To view controller settings, see “Viewing Controller Configuration”.
We
To
CAUTION
After configuring an array using FastBuild™, you should FDISK and format the arrayed drive(s) if
you are using new, blank drives. Depending on the type of array you are using.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
47
6. RAID Controller
Creating Arrays Automatically
The auto Setup <1> selection from the Main Menu can intuitively help create your disk array. It will
assign all available drives appropriate for the disk array you are creating. After making all selections,
use Ctrl-Y to save selections. FastBuild™ will automatically build the array.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx © 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
[Auto Setup Options Menu]
Optimize Array for:
Performance
Typical Application to use: DESKTOP
[ Auto Setup Configuration ]
Mode…………………………………….Stripe
Spare Drive …………………………….0
Drive(s) Used in Array…………………2
Array Disk Capacity (size in MB)…….16126
[ Keys Available ]
[↑] Up [↓] Down
[←, , Space] Change Option
[ESC] Exit [CTRL-Y] Save
Optimize Array for:
Select whether you want Performance (RAID 0), Security (RAID 1) under the “Optimize Array for”
setting.
Performance (RAID 0 Striping)
Supports the maximum performance. The storage capacity equals the number of drives times the
capacity of the smallest drive in the disk array.
NOTE: Raid controller permits striped arrays using 1, 2 drive attached in Auto Setup mode.
Security (RAID 1 Mirroring)
Creates a mirrored (or fault tolerant) array for data security.
NOTE: Under the Security setting, Raid controller permits two drives to be used for a single Mirrored
array only.
Defining Typical Application Usage:
Allows the user to choose the type of PC usage that will be performed in order to optimize how
FastTrak100-Lite handles data blocks to enhance performance. Your choice will determine the block
size used. You may choose from: A/V Editing (for audio/vide applications, or any similar application
that requires large file transfers), Server (for numerous small file transfers), or DESKTOP (a combination
of large and small file sizes).
CAUTION
If you wish to customize the settings of individual disk arrays (such as block size), you must
manually create disk arrays with the Define Array <3> option from the Main Menu.
48
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Viewing Drive Assignments
The View Drive Assignments <2> option in the Main Menu displays whether drives are assigned to a
disk arrays or are unassigned.
Under the “Assignment” column, drives are labeled with their assigned disk array or shown as “Free” if
unassigned. Such “Free” drives can be used for a future array or used as a spare drive when a drive fails
in a mirrored array. Unassigned drives are not accessible by the OS. The menu also displays the data
transfer mode that relates to speed used by each drive (U5 refers to 100MB/sec transfers, U4 refers to
66MB/sec transfer, etc…)
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
Channel:ID
1 : Mas
1 : Sla
2 : Mas
[ View Drive Assignments ]
Drive Model
Capacity(MB)
Assignment
QUANTUMCR8.4A
8063
Array 1
QUANTUMCR8.4A
8063
Free
QUANTUMCR8.4A
8063
Array 1
[↑] Up [↓] Down
Mode
U5
U5
U5
[ Keys Available ]
[ESC] Exit
Mode (U=UDMA, P=PIO, D=DMA)
Viewing Array
The Define Array <3> option in the Main Menu displays the define array.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
Array No
Array 1
Functional
Array 2
Array 3
Array 4
RAID Mode
Stripe
[Define Array Menu]
Total Drv
Capacity(MB)
2
16126
——
——
——
——
——
——
—
——
——
Status
——
——
——
[ Keys Available ]
Note: * — Bootable Array
[↑] Up [↓] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
[Space] Change Boot Drive
49
6. RAID Controller
Deleting an array
The Delete Array <4> Menu option allows for deletion of disk array assignments. This is not the same
as deleting data from the drives themselves. If you delete an array by accident (and before it has been
used again), the array can normally be recovered by defining the array identically as the deleted array.
DANGER
Deleting an existing disk array could result in its data loss. Make sure to record all array
information including the array type, the disk members, and stripe block size in case you wish to indo
a deletion.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
Array No
Array 1
Array 2
Array 3
Array 4
[ Delete Array Menu ]
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Capacity(MB)
Stripe
2
16126
——
——
——
——
——
——
——
——
——
[ Keys Available ]
[↑] Up [↓] Down
[ESC] Exit
Status
Functional
——
——
——
[Del] Delete
1.
To delete an array, highlight the Array you wish to delete and press the [Del] key.
2.
The View Array Definition menu will appear (see below) showing which drives are assigned to this
array.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
Array No
Array 1
RAID Mode
——
[ Define Array Menu ]
Total Drv
Capacity(MB)
——
——
Status
——
Stripe Block: 64 KB
[ Drive Assignments ]
Channel:ID
Drive Model Capacity (MB)
Assignment
1 : Master QUANTUMCR8.4A
8063
Y
2 : Master QUANTUMCR8.4A
8063
Y
3.
4.
50
Confirm yes to the following warning message with the <Ctrl-Y> key to continue array deletion:
Are you sure you want to delete this array?
Press Ctrl-Y to Delete, others to Abort
After deleting the array, you should create a new array using Auto Setup or the Define Array menu
from the FastBuild™ Main Menu.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Rebuilding a mirrored Array
Rebuild Array <5> Menu option is necessary to recover from an error in a mirrored disk array. You will
receive an error message when booting your system from the FastTrak BIOS.
CAUTION
Drives MUST be replaced if they contain any physical errors.
Follow these steps BEFORE using the Rebuild Array menu option:
1.
On boot up, the FasTrak100-Lite Startup BIOS will display an error message identifying which drive
has failed.
2.
Press <Ctrl-F> keys to enter FastBuild Main Menu.
3.
Select submenu Define Array <3>.
4.
Select the failed array and identify the Channel and ID of the failed drive.
5.
Power off and physically remove the failed drive.
6.
Replace the drive with an identical model.
7.
Reboot the system and enter the FastBuild™ Main Menu.
8.
Select the <5> Rebuild Array option. The following screen will appear.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
Array No
Array 1
Array 2
Array 3
Array 4
9.
[ Rebuild Array Menu ]
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Capacity(MB)
Mirror
2
16126
——
——
——
——
——
——
——
——
——
Status
Critical
——
——
——
[ Keys Available ]
[↑] Up [↓] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
Highlight the array whose Status is Critical.
10. Press [Enter]. The following screen will then appear.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
Array No
Array 1
[ Rebuild Array Menu ]
RAID Mode
Total Drv Capacity(MB)
Mirror
2
16126
Status
Critical
Stripe Block: Not Available
Channel:ID
1 : Slave
[ Select Drive for Rebuild ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
QUANTUMCR8.4A
8063
[ Keys Available ]
[↑] Up [↓] Down
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
11. Under [Select Drive for Rebuild], highlight the replacement drive.
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51
6. RAID Controller
12. Press [Enter] and confirm that the data will be copied on to the selected drive. All data on the
replacement drive will be written over with mirrored information from the array drive.
A progress bar will appear as below.
Please Wait While Duplicating The Image
10% Complete
13. Once the rebuild process is complete, the user will be asked to reboot the system.
Viewing Controller Settings
The Controller Configuration <6> menu selection allows you to enable or disable the RAID controller
BIOS from halting (the default) if it detects an error on boot up. You may also view the system
resources (Interrupt and I/O port address) of FastTrak’s data channels.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 1.xx (c) 1996-2001 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Adapter Configuration - Options ]
Halt On Error:
Enable
[ System Resources Configuration ]
Channel 1 (IDE1)
Interrupt : A I/O Port : FFF0
Channel 2 (IDE2)
Interrupt : A I/O Port : FFA8
[ Keys Available ]
[←, →, Space] Change Option
[ESC] Exit
Halting RAID controller BIOS on Boot up Errors
The [Adapter Configuration – Options] section allows you to enabled or disable RAID controller to Halt
operation at the BIOS startup screen should an error be detected. This is the only option that can be
changed on this screen.
Viewing RAID Controller System Resource
The [System Resources Configurations] section of this submenu displays the PCI slot interrupt and port
address used by the RAID controller. The resources used are determined by the SPI-8451-LLVA PCI
PnP BIOS for the PCI device resides.
In the rare case that there is a resource conflict, refer to the SPI-8451-LLVA BIOS documentation on
changes on resources allocated to the RAID Controller.
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6. RAID Controller
Installing the drivers Windows 2000/XP
Installing Driver During New windows 2000/XP Installation
CAUTION
Before the Windows 2000/XP installing, please copy the whole files and folder in the folder as
follows “RAID\Win2000\” (“RAID\Winxp\”) of the Driver CD-ROM to a floppy disk.
1.
Floppy Install: Boot the computer with the Windows 2000 installation diskettes.
2.
Floppyless Install: Boot from floppy and type “WINNT”. After files have been copied, the system
will reboot. On the reboot, press <F6> after the message “Setup is inspecting your computer’s
hardware configuration … “appears.
3.
OS CD-ROM Install: Boot from the OS CD-ROM. Press <F6> after message “Press F6 if you need
to install third party SCSI or RAID driver” appears.
4.
When the “Windows 2000(XP) Setup” window is generated, press “S” to specify an additional
device(s).
5.
Press “O” to select “Other” and press the “Enter” key.
6.
Insert the Promise Technology driver diskette into drive A: and press “Enter” key.
7.
Choose “Win2000 Promise FastTrak100™-Lite Controller” (Windows XP Promise FastTrak100™
Controller (PDC20265)”) from the list that appears on screen and then press the “Enter” key.
8.
The Windows 2000/XP Setup screen will appear again say in “Setup will load support for the
following mass storage devices.” The list will include “Wind2000 Promise FastTrak100-Lite
Controller” (“Windows XP Promise FastTrak100™ Controller (PDC20265)”).
CAUTION
If you need to specify any additional devices to be installed, do so at this time. Once all devices are
specifies, continue to next
9.
From the windows 2000/XP Setup screen press the [Enter] key. Setup will now load all device files
and then continue the Windows 2000/XP installation.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
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6. RAID Controller
Installing Driver in Existing windows 2000/XP System
WARNING
If you will be moving the boot drive containing the existing Windows 2000/XP operating system to a
mirrored RAID 1 array on the controller, the controller driver MUST be loaded to the hard drive
while it is still attached to your existing hard drive controller. Do not attach this drive or any other
hard drive to the controller before completing this step.
After installing the FastTrak100-Lite and rebooting your system, Windows 2000/XP setup will show a
“New Hardware Found” dialog box. Under Windows 2000/XP, the “PCI RAID Controller” will be
displayed.
1.
In the dialog box, choose “Driver from disk provided by hardware manufacturer” button.
2.
Insert the Driver CD-ROM into the your CD-ROM drive.
3.
Type “D:RAID\Win2000” (RAID\Winxp”) in the text box. Press [Enter]
* This case the CD-ROM drive is D:
4.
Choose “Win2000 Promise FastTrak100-Lite Controller” (“Windows XP Promise FastTrak100
controller (PDC20265)”) from the list that appears on screen and then press the [Enter] key.
5.
The Windows 2000/XP Setup screen will show again “Setup will load support for the following mass
storage devices – “Win2000 Promise FastTrak100™-Lite Controller” (“Windows XP Promise
FastTrak100™ controller (PDC20265)”). The driver will now be copied on to the system and
entered into the Windows 2000/XP driver database.
6.
When the “System Settings Change” dialog box appears, remove the floppy diskette and click on
[Yes] to restart the system. Windows 2000/XP will then restart for the driver installation to take
effect.
7.
Power off your system, and then attach your hard drives to the SPI-8451-LLVA’s RAID connectors.
Confirming Windows 2000/XP Installation
1.
From Windows 2000/XP, open the Control Panel from “My Computer” followed by the system icon.
2.
Choose the “Hardware” tab, click the “Device Manager” tab.
3.
Click the [+] in front of “SCSI & RAID Controllers hardware type.” The driver “Win2000 Promise
FastTrak/FastTrak100-Lite Controller” (“Windows XP Promise FastTrak100™ controller
(PDC20165)”) should appear.
54
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6. RAID Controller
Using the FastCheck Monitoring Utility
You can monitor the operating status of all arrays and drives configured on the RAID controller using the
supplied FastCheck monitoring utility for Windows-based operating system (Windows 2000 / XP).
FastCheck generates visual and audible messages alerting you of possible problems with the disk array or
controller.
FastCheck visually identifies the physical location of attached drives on the RAID controller by IDE
channel (1 or 2) and setting (Master / Slave / Cable-select). It also displays which drives are included as
part of individual arrays. Administrators can customize FastCheck to maintain operating logs and event
notification, set Password access to the utility, and schedule maintenance on Mirrored (RAID 1) arrays.
Installing FastCheck
1.
Insert the Driver CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive.
2.
Double-click the “Setup” icon inside the “RAID\Utility” folder.
3.
Follow the directions from the setup program.
2.
During installation, click YES when prompted to run the utility on every startup. If NO is selected,
FastCheck™ will not initialize during startup. You may manually execute the utility via the Start
button.
CAUTION
We recommend to have FastCheck load during Startup.
post alerts on errors.
This insures you that it will be ready to
Running FastCheck
As described in the Installation section, the default potion for FastCheck is to load during startup of
Win2000/XP. It appears minimized on the taskbar under Win2000/XP.
1.
From the Start Button on the Windows Taskbar, choose Run.
To start FastCheck™, double-click on the FastCheck icon on the taskbar or you may also use the Taskbar
Start/Promise/FastTrak/FastCheck menus shown below.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
55
6. RAID Controller
Closing FastCheck
Once FastCheck is opened (either automatically on startup or manually), the monitoring utility remains
running in the background even if go user “closes” the FastCheck windows. To completely shut down
FastCheck icon on the Taskbar.
1.
Right-click the FastCheck icon on the Taskbar.
2.
Select Exit from the pop-up window.
3.
FastCheck™ no longer be running and will no longer be monitoring the array.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Using FastCheck Array Windows
Once FastCheck is selected, the FastCheck Monitoring Utility window will appear. The main pane has
three information window tabs: Array, Controller, and Options. The user can switch screens by clicking
on the tab. The Array window is the active screen by default as shown below:
The Array Window (see above) displays information about the arrays configured on your
FastTrak100-Lite through the FastBuild BIOS. From this window, you can also perform data
Synchronization of mirrored arrays, or Rebuild data from one drive to a replacement drive within a
mirrored array.
While the Array Window does not allow you to change the array configurations directly, it clearly
identifies which drives are associated with each array shown in the left pane.
Viewing Array Information
By left-clicking on the Array#, the right pane shows the following information categories for the array:
RAID mode: (Striping, Mirroring)
Mapping: (similar to physical drive specifications) describing # of cylinders, heads, and sectors of
the array’s “virtual” drive as seen by the system
Size: Storage capacity of the array
Status: (Functional, Critical, Offline)
Functional: Means the array is providing full functionality.
Critical: Used only in reference to a Mirroring array (RAID 1). A problem has been detected in one
of the drives of the array and the drive has been taken “Offline.” However, a “critical” array will
continue to save and retrieve data from the remaining working drive(s). Promise recommends
replacing the failed drive as soon as possible since a “Critical” array offers no data redundancy.
Offline: This would appear most commonly within a RAID 0. The “Offline” results from a drive
having failed which has taken the entire array “offline”. In this case, you have likely lost data.
Fix/replace the drive that has failed, and then restore data from a backup source.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
57
6. RAID Controller
Viewing Arrayed Drive Information
By left-clicking on a drive member of an array in the left pane, the right pane shows the following
information categories for that drive:
Status: (also shown under the Array Window) can be Functional, Critical, or Offline. The meanings
are shown below.
Functional: Means the drive is working normally.
Critical: A problem has been detected in the drive and the drive taken offline as part of a mirroring
array. Mirrored arrays will continue to function without the drive. Fix/replace the drive that has failed,
and then restore data from a backup source.
Offline: Drives that are NOT identified as “bad” may be taken offline if part of a Striping or
spanning array containing a “bad” drive. These drives do NOT need to be replaced, however.
S.M.A.R.T. Status: Indicates whether attached hard drive implements Self-Monitoring analysis &
Reporting Technology to predict drive failure
Size: Indicates capacity of individual drive
Location: Shows physical location of drive. Indicates on which IDE channel (1 or 2), and whether
drive is Master or Slave on cable. This allows user to identify drives for removal/replacement.
Mapping: Indicates physical parameters of drive (cylinders, heads, sectors)
Timing: Shows selection of drive timing (directly related to burst speed) based on type of drive and
cable used.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Using Array Pull-down Menu
At the bottom of the Array window, it indicates to right-click on an Array to perform synchronization or
rebuild operations. Right-clicking displays the following pull-down menu:
From this menu, users may choose to have the window Always Appear on Top of applications,
Minimize, Synchronize mirrored drives, Rebuild a mirrored array, use About to check FastCheck
version#, or Exit the on screen window.
Synchronizing an Array
Synchronization is a periodic maintenance procedure for Mirroring (RAID 1) arrays to maintain data
consistency on all mirrored drives. In operation, array synchronization compares data on the mirrored
drives for any differences. If there are differences detected, data from the primary drive(s) is
automatically copied to the secondary drive(s). This assures that all mirrored drives will contain the
exact information.
CAUTION
You may instead choose to schedule array synchronization automatically under the Options Tab view
versus manually initiating synchronization
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
59
6. RAID Controller
To synchronize, choose the Array Tab View.
Right-click on the array you wish to synchronize and choose “Synchronize” from the context menu.
Click “Yes” to initiate Synchronization (see below) when the Confirmation window appears. To cancel
this option, click the NO button.
WARNING
Once initiated, synchronization can NOT be halted in order to prevent data errors.
Once Synchronization is confirmed, the following information screen appears. Click OK button or close
the window to proceed.
CAUTION
During Array Synchronization, users may continue to access the working array and perform normal
PC functions. However, system performance will be slightly degraded and the process will take
longer.
A progress bar will appear at the bottom of the FastCheck Monitoring window showing synchronization
in progress and the percentage that has been completed.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
6. RAID Controller
Rebuilding An Array
This command effectively copies or overwrites data from an existing data drive in the array on to a blank
drive. The operation will be typically used when a failed drive has been replaced with a new drive as
part of a mirrored array.
To perform a Rebuild, choose the Array Tab View.
Right click the array number and choose Rebuild from the context menu.
Once Rebuild is selected, you will be asked to “Initialize Rebuild process on Array #” by clicking
OK.
Using Rebuild wizard
Initiating rebuild array will open the Rebuild Wizard step 1 screen shown below.
Select the Target drive which will receive data. Make sure you select the blank new or replacement
drive. The unselected drive will contain “good” data. It will be the remaining working drive of an
array, or a system drive containing existing data that you wish to mirror.
WARNING
Make absolutely sure and double check the drive which is target.
will be over written.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
If data exists on the target drive, it
61
6. RAID Controller
Click the Next button to proceed to Rebuild Wizard Step 2 or Cancel button to stop.
Rebuild Wizard Step 2 confirms the Target or “Rebuild” disk by Array # and drive ID.
Click Finish button to initiate physical Rebuild, Back button to review Step 2, or Cancel button to Stop.
A final confirmation window appears as below:
Click “Yes” to initiate Rebuild. To cancel this option, click the No button.
WARNING
Once initiated, Array Rebuild can NOT be halted in order to prevent data errors.
CAUTION
During Array Rebuild, users may continue to access the array and perform normal PC functions
however the array will NOT provide data redundancy until Rebuild is completed. If you choose to
continue using the PC during rebuild, system performance will be slightly degraded and the process
will take longer.
Once Array Rebuild has begun, users are returned to the FastCheck Monitoring window. A progress bar
showing the rebuild progress in percentage will appear at the bottom of the FastCheck Monitoring
window.
CAUTION
When a “spare” unassigned drive is present on the FastTrak100-Lite, a rebuild will automatically be
performed from the remaining working drive.
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6. RAID Controller
Using Controller Windows
Clicking on the Controller tab, will reveal the Controller Window. This displays physical information
about the location of FastTrak100-Lite, data channels on the card, and the attached drives.
Viewing Controller Card Information
By left-clicking on the FastTrak controller icon, the right pane shows the following information
categories for that array:
IRQ: Identifies interrupt request assigned to PCI slot
Bus Master Base: Shows base address in hex numbering for board’s bus master Input/Output
function
ROM Base Address: Shows base address in hex numbering for FastTrak’s Flash ROM chip
Driver Version: Identifies which version of the Promise FastTrak100-Lite driver you have installed.
Hardware Type: Identifies which FastTrak product is installed.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
63
6. RAID Controller
Viewing IDE Channel Information
Left-clicking on a given Channel icon or # in the left pane, will show the Base IO addresses of the
channel in the right pane (used for troubleshooting).
Viewing Drive Information
Left-clicking on a given Drive icon or ID in the left pane, will show similar information categories as the
Array Window Drive Information in the right pane.
Status (also shown under the Array Window) can be Functional, Critical, or Offline.
are shown below.
The meanings
Functional: Means the drive is working normally
Critical: A problem has been detected in the drive and the drive taken offline as part of a mirroring
array. Mirrored arrays will continue to function without the drive. Fix/replace the drive that has
failed, and then restore data from a backup source.
Offline: Drives that are NOT identified as “bad” may be taken offline if part of a Striping or
Spanning array containing a “bad” drive. These drives do NOT need to be replaced, however.
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6. RAID Controller
S.M.A.R.T. Status: Indicates whether attached hard drive implements Self-Monitoring Analysis &
Reporting Technology to predict drive failure
Size: Indicates capacity of individual drive
Location: Shows physical location of drive. Indicates on which IDE channel (1 or 2), and whether
drive is Master or Slave on cable. This allows user to identify drives for removal/replacement.
Mapping: Indicates physical parameters of drive (cylinders, heads, sectors)
Timing: Shows selection of drive timing (directly related to burst speed) based on type of drive and
cable used.
Using Options Windows
Clicking on the Options tab reveals the Options Window. Array administrators can customize the
FastCheck™ Monitoring Utility in four major areas: Notification, Array Synchronization Scheduling,
setting Password, Desktop Appearance. Most options relate to Mirroring arrays (RAID 1).
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
65
6. RAID Controller
Selecting Notification Options
This section of the Options windows allows users to select how they are notified of a system event. A
System Event includes driver-initiated Rebuilds (automatic rebuild using a “hot” spare standby drive),
user-initiated manual Rebuilds or manual Synchronization, and Error-Handling reporting for these
processes.
Enable audible prompt checkbox turns on/off an audible alarm of an event (typically a drive failure, or
completion of rebuild or synchronization).
Popup message box checkbox turns on/off the appearance of an event message box that would typically
indicate a drive failure, or completion of rebuild or synchronization.
Use log file checkbox allows writing operating event logs of the array activity (alerts and status reports)
to a given file name and directory. If a file name is used but the path left blank, the default directory
is the same as the FastCheck Utility (typically C:\Program Files\Promise\FastTrak100-Lite).
Use NT system event log checkbox is grayed out under Windows 95/98/2000/XP automatically. Under
Windows NT4, it permits user to write array logging to NT’s own event log.
To view FastCheck™ events under Windows NT, go to Start / Programs /Administrative Tools/Event
Viewer.
In the Event Viewer, choose “Log” from the menu bar, then check “Application.” Any events
generated by FastCheck will appear under the Source column as “FastCheck.”
On Errors section offers four radio button choices for the user to select what procedure they would like
to perform if an Error is detected during automatic/manual Rebuild or manual Synchronization.
There are three types of errors that FastTrak100-Lite detects -- a data mismatch between the primary
and secondary drive, a physical media error on source or target drive, or a total disk failure. The
options for handling Errors are as follows:
Abort: stops any Synchronization or Rebuild process if an error is encountered.
Fix: in most cases, FastTrak100-Lite automatically can correct errors. The method of correction
varies depending on the type of error.
Ignore: FastTrak100-Lite will log the event error and continue the rebuild or synchronization process.
Use this setting if you want to detect the presence of errors, but do not want to fix thes errors at the
time. The user may then decide what to do about the error(s) detected.
WARNING
This may result in mismatched drives under RAID 1
Interactive: By checking this option, a selection window will appear each time an error is detected
asking the user whether they want to Abort, Fix, or Ignore the error (see Troubleshooting section).
Dismiss Error Dialogs designates the length of time (in seconds) that a Message box or Error Dialog
box appears on screen.
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6. RAID Controller
Scheduling Array Synchronization
This section of the Options Window allows a user to schedule when and how often FastTrak100-Lite will
perform synchronization maintenance of a mirrored array.
Disable checkbox is checked (the default) to turn off automated scheduling of synchronization. When
unchecked, the Scheduling section will be highlighted (see above).
On Errors section offers four radio button choices for the user to select what procedure they would like
to perform if an Error is detected during a scheduled Synchronization. There are three types of
errors that FastTrak100-Lite detects -- a data mismatch between the primary and secondary drive, a
physical media error on source or target drive, or a total disk failure. The options for handling
Errors are as follows:
Abort: stops the Synchronization process if an error is encountered.
Fix: in most cases, FastTrak100-Lite automatically can correct errors. The method of correction
varies depending on the type of error.
Ignore: FastTrak100-Lite will log the event error and continue the synchronization process.
(Warning: this may result in mismatched drives under RAID 1). Use this setting if you want to
detect the presence of errors, but do not want to fix these errors at the time. The user may then
decide what to do about the error(s) detected.
Interactive: By checking this option, a selection window will appear each time an error is detected
asking the user whether they want to Abort, Fix, or Ignore the error (see Troubleshooting for more
details).
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
67
6. RAID Controller
Schedule event drop down box allows scheduling synchronization by minute, by hour, by day, by week,
or by month. If enabled, the default is By Month. This allows synchronization to take place
during an off-hour when the system is either not in use or not at peak demand.
Start time designates hr/min/ am/pm
On the designate day of week or by ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd....) selection.
Setting Rebuild Options
Disable Hot Spare/Auto Rebuild checkbox turns off the use of a “hot” spare drive and automatic
rebuilding of a mirrored array. The default is unchecked (or enable Hot Spare/Auto Rebuild).
Rebuild Rate assigns the amount of importance that FastTrak100-Lite gives to mirroring data from one
drive to another in the background. A “high” setting assigns most of FastTrak100-Lite’s resources
to the rebuild process at the expense of responding to ongoing read/write data requests by the
operating system. A “low” setting gives priority to ongoing read/write data requests by the
operating system at the expense of the rebuild process and will typically result in longer rebuild times.
The setting shown above is the default.
Setting PCI Bus Utilization Option
CAUTION
In most cases, a user does not need to change this setting since FastTrak100-Lite’s data handling
rarely conflicts with another PCI device. However, certain brands of video capture cards can
produce a “glitch” on play back of A/V files that may require adjusting the default setting devices
(see Tips for Audio/Video Editing for more information).
This section of the Options Window allows a user to change how much time the FastTrak100-Lite holds
on to the PCI bus to transfer data.
The default setting of “High” on the slider bar means FastTrak100-Lite holds on to the PCI bus longer for
data transfers to occur. A setting of “Less” reduces the time which FastTrak100-Lite occupies on the
PCI bus and frees that time for use by other PCI devices.
Once a bus setting has been selected, click the Apply button on the Options window to implement
changes immediately.
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6. RAID Controller
Setting Disk Parameters Option
Enable Write Cache checkbox allows user to enable/disable write cache for hard drives that include this
performance feature. FastCheck automatically recognizes such drives and enables the feature as the
default setting. For drives that do not use write caching, this option is automatically grayed out.
Enable S.M.A.R.T. Check checkbox tells FastCheck to regularly monitor each drive to assure that drive
failure prediction is functioning. The default is unchecked, meaning FastCheck will not monitor
this function.
Setting Screen Preferences
This section controls how the FastCheck utility screen is displayed and sets the security password to
protect the administrative settings.
Start Minimized checkbox allows user to have FastCheck appear on the toolbar only on startup. Click
on the icon to see the FastCheck™ utility screen.
Always on Top checkbox tells the Utility to appear above all programs until closed or minimized
manually.
Enable Password checkbox in the Preferences section turns on/off use of a Password every time the
FastCheck™ Monitoring Utility icon is selected or the program is run from the Start menu.
Disabling use of a current password requires password entry (see Creating Password on next page).
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
69
6. RAID Controller
Creating Password
To create a password, check the Enable Password checkbox in the Preferences section. The “Set
Password” window will appear.
Type the password you want to use. Press the Tab key or click to retype the same password in the
“Confirm New Password” section. Click the OK button.
CAUTION
Remember to record the password you use in a secure place in case you forget it.
A confirmation screen will appear shown that “Password Checking is Enabled”. Click the OK button.
Once the password feature is enabled, the following menu will appear before the FastCheck™ window
can be opened is enabled, the following menu will appear on each use of FastCheck.
Changing Password
1. Input the original password you first created to gain access to FastCheck.
2. Click on Options tab, and then click on the Change button in the Password section. The Set Password
screen will appear.
3. Type the password you want to use. Press the Tab key or click to retype the same password in the
“Confirm New Password” section.
4. Click OK button.
Disabling Password
1. Input the original password you first created to gain access to FastCheck.
2. Click on Options tab
3. Uncheck the “Enable Password” checkbox. Click Apply button on Options window.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
7. Watch-Dog-Timer (WDT) Setting
7. Watch-Dog-Timer (WDT) Setting
The watchdog timer serves as a safeguard against possible system lock-up in your industrial computer
system. In most industrial environments, there are heavy equipment, generators, high-voltage power
lines, or power drops that have adverse effects on your computer system. For instance, when a power
drop occurs, it could cause the CPU to come to a halt state or enter into an infinite loop, resulting in a
system lock-up.
The application software created by user with the watchdog timer enabled, a RESET automatically
generated unless the software periodically triggers the timer within the setting time-out interval. That is,
while the system gets hung up, the running program can’t trigger the timer periodically. The timer will
generate a reset signal to reboot the system. This feature allows a running program to restart in an
orderly way when a power glitch or any abnormal condition occurs.
The watchdog timer comes with 255-level time-out interval, 1 - 255 seconds per interval, which can be
adjusted by software setting. There is a tolerance of 2 second for this time-out interval. For example,
if the time-out interval has been set to 32 seconds, your program should trigger the watchdog timer before
28 seconds are escaped. Otherwise, after 28-32 seconds are escaped, the system will automatically
reboot. To keep the system running normally, your program should trigger the watchdog timer every 28
seconds.
The I/O port is defined at address 2e/2fH. You can trigger/enable disable the timer by writing address
2e/2fH.
Here is an example for flow chart and programming how to use the watch-dog-timer.
(1) Example flow chart
START
WDT Initial
WDT Start
WDT Stop
Yes
WDT
Restart?
}
If [WDT Stop] is not performed within the limit time set up
by [WDT Start], system reset occurs.
When performing the re-start of WDT, it repeats [WDT Start] and [WDT Stop].
No
END
*
It is also possible not to perform [WDT Stop] instead of performing [WDT Stop] to [WDT Start], but to perform [WDT
Start] continuously at the time of a re-start.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
71
7. Watch-Dog-Timer (WDT) Setting
(2) Example programming
The following example is written in Intel8086 assembly language.
;===============
;<WDT Initial>
;===============
;----------------------------------;Enter the extended function mode
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,87H
OUT DX,AL
OUT DX,AL
;----------------------------------;Set WDT function at pin89
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,2BH
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
MOV AL,0DH
OUT DX,AL
;-----------------------------------------------;Select logical device WDT(number 8)
;------------------------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,07H
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
MOV AL,08H
OUT DX,AL
;--------------------------------------------------;Activate logical device WDT(number 8)
;--------------------------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,30H
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
MOV AL,01H
OUT DX,AL
;----------------------------------;Set timer unit : second
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,F5H
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
MOV AL,00H
OUT DX,AL
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
7. Watch-Dog-Timer (WDT) Setting
;-----------------------------------------;Exit the extended function mode
;-----------------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,AAH
OUT DX,AL
;================================
;<WDT START : counter set and a start >
;================================
;--------------------------------------------;Enter the extended function mode
;--------------------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,87H
OUT DX,AL
OUT DX,AL
;-----------------------------------------------;Select logical device WDT(number 8)
;-----------------------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,07H
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
MOV AL,08H
OUT DX,AL
;-----------------------------------------------------;Set time of WDT and start to count down
;-----------------------------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,F6H
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
;---------------------------------------------------------------------------------;The data of an example is 15 seconds.(01H=1sec.- FFH=255sec.)
MOV AL,0FH
; 0FH = 15Sec.
;----------------------------------------------------------------------------------OUT DX,AL
;----------------------------------;Exit the extended function mode
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,AAH
OUT DX,AL
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
73
7. Watch-Dog-Timer (WDT) Setting
;==============
;<WDT STOP>
;==============
;----------------------------------;Enter the extended function mode
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,87H
OUT DX,AL
OUT DX,AL
;----------------------------------;Select logical device WDT(number 8)
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,07H
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
MOV AL,08H
OUT DX,AL
;----------------------------------;Stop count down of WDT
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,F6H
OUT DX,AL
MOV DX,2FH
;----------------------------------;The data of 00H is stop WDT
MOV AL,00H
;----------------------------------OUT DX,AL
;----------------------------------;Exit the extended function mode
;----------------------------------MOV DX,2EH
MOV AL,AAH
OUT DX,AL
CAUTION
The timer’s intervals have a tolerance of ±2 seconds.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
8. BIOS Setup
Introduction
This chapter discusses Award’s Setup program built into the FLASH ROM BIOS. The Setup program
allows users to modify the basic system configuration. This special information is then stored in
battery-backed RAM so that it retains the Setup information when the power is turned off.
The rest of this chapter is intended to guide you through the process of configuring your system using
Setup.
Starting Setup
The Award BIOS is immediately activated when you first power on the computer. The BIOS reads the
system information contained in the CMOS and begins the process of checking out the system and
configuring it. When it finishes, the BIOS will seek an operating system on one of the disks and then
launch and turn control over to the operating system.
While the BIOS is in control, the Setup program can be activated in one of two ways:
1. By pressing <Del> immediately after switching the system on, or
2. by pressing the <Del> key when the following message appears briefly at the bottom of the screen
during the POST (Power On Self-Test).
Press DEL to enter SETUP.
If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to enter Setup, restart the system to try
again by turning it OFF then ON or pressing the "RESET" button on the system case. You may also
restart by simultaneously pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete> keys. If you do not press the keys at the
correct time and the system does not boot, an error message will be displayed and you will again be asked
to...
Press F1 to continue, DEL to enter SETUP
*
Notes that the BIOS title of the start screen of SPI-8452-LLVA is displayed as
“SPI-8451-LLVA・・・”.
The item might be different according to the version of BIOS.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
75
8. BIOS Setup
Using Setup
In general, you use the arrow keys to highlight items, press <Enter> to select, use the PageUp and
PageDown keys to change entries, press <F1> for help and press <Esc> to quit. The following table
provides more detail about how to navigate in the Setup program using the keyboard.
Table 8.1.
Using Setup
Key
Function
Up Arrow
Move to the previous item
Down Arrow
Move to the next item
Left Arrow
Move to the item on the left (menu bar)
Right Arrow
Move to the item on the right (menu bar)
Esc
Main Menu: Quit without saving changes
Submenus: Exit Current page to the next higher level menu
Move Enter
Move to the item you desired
PgUp key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
PgDn key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
+ key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
- key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
Main Menu -- Quit and not save changes into CMOS
Esc key
Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu -- Exit current page and
return to Main Menu
F1 key
General help on Setup navigation keys
F5 key
Load previous values from CMOS
F6 key
Load the fail-safe defaults from BIOS default table
F7 key
Load the optimized defaults
F10 key
Save all the CMOS changes and exit
Getting Help
Press F1 to pop up a small help window that describes the appropriate keys to use and the possible
selections for the highlighted item. To exit the Help Window press <Esc> or the F1 key again.
In Case of Problems
If, after making and saving system changes with Setup, you discover that your computer no longer is able
to boot, the AwardBIOS™ supports an override to the CMOS settings which resets your system to its
defaults.
The best advice is to only alter settings which you thoroughly understand. To this end, we strongly
recommend that you avoid making any changes to the chipset defaults. These defaults have been
carefully chosen by both Award and your systems manufacturer to provide the absolute maximum
performance and reliability. Even a seemingly small change to the chipset setup has the potential for
causing you to use the override.
A Final Note About Setup
The information in this chapter is subject to change without notice.
76
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Main Menu
Once you enter the Award BIOS CMOS Setup Utility, the Main Menu will appear on the screen. The
Main Menu allows you to select from several setup functions and two exit choices. Use the arrow keys
to select among the items and press <Enter> to accept and enter the sub-menu.
Note that a brief description of each highlighted selection appears at the bottom of the screen.
Figure 8.1. Main Manu
Setup Items
The main menu includes the following main setup categories.
all entries.
Recall that some systems may not include
Standard CMOS Features
Use this menu for basic system configuration.
Advanced BIOS Features
Use this menu to set the Advanced Features available on your system.
Advanced Chipset Features
Use this menu to change the values in the chipset registers and optimize your system's performance.
Integrated Peripherals
Use this menu to specify your settings for integrated peripherals.
Power Management Setup
Use this menu to specify your settings for power management.
PnP / PCI Configuration
This entry appears if your system supports PnP / PCI.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
77
8. BIOS Setup
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Use this menu to load the BIOS default values for the minimal/stable performance for your system to
operate.
Load Optimized Defaults
Use this menu to load the BIOS default values that are factory settings for optimal performance system
operations. While Award has designed the custom BIOS to maximize performance, the factory has the
right to change these defaults to meet their needs.
Supervisor / User Password
Use this menu to set User and Supervisor Passwords.
Save & Exit Setup
Save CMOS value changes to CMOS and exit setup.
Exit Without Save
Abandon all CMOS value changes and exit setup.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Standard CMOS Setup
Figure 8.2. Standard CMOS Setup
The items in Standard CMOS Setup Menu are divided into 10 categories. Each category includes no,
one or more than one setup items. Use the arrow keys to highlight the item and then use the <PgUp> or
<PgDn> keys to select the value you want in each item.
Main Menu Selections
This table shows the selections that you can make on the Main Menu
Item
Options
Description
Set the system date. Note that the
‘Day’ automatically changes when
you set the date
Date
Month DD YYYY
Time
HH : MM : SS
Set the system time
IDE Primary Master
Options are in its sub menu
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
IDE Primary Slave
Options are in its sub menu
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
IDE Secondary Master
Options are in its sub menu
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
IDE Secondary Master
Options are in its sub menu
Press <Enter> to enter the sub
menu of detailed options
Drive A
Drive B
None
360K, 5.25 in
1.2M, 5.25 in
720K, 3.5 in
1.44M, 3.5 in
2.88M, 3.5 in
Select the type of floppy disk drive
installed in your system
Video
EGA/VGA
CGA 40
CGA 80
MONO
Select the default video device
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
79
8. BIOS Setup
Item
Options
Description
Halt On
All Errors
No Errors
All, but Keyboard
All, but Diskette
All, but Disk/Key
Select the situation in which you
want the BIOS to stop the POST
process and notify you
Base Memory
N/A
Displays the amount of conventional
memory detected during boot up
Extended Memory
N/A
Displays the amount of extended
memory detected during boot up
Total Memory
N/A
Displays the total memory available
in the system
IDE Adapters
The IDE adapters control the hard disk drive.
drive.
Use a separate sub menu to configure each hard disk
Use the legend keys to navigate through this menu and exit to the main menu.
Item
Options
Description
IDE HDD
Auto-detection
Press Enter
Press Enter to auto-detect the HDD on this channel.
If detection is successful, it fills the remaining fields
on this menu.
IDE Primary Master
None
Auto
Manual
Selecting ‘manual’ lets you set the remaining fields
on this screen. Selects the type of fixed disk. "User
Type" will let you select the number of cylinders,
heads, etc. Note: PRECOMP=65535 means NONE !
Capacity
Auto Display your disk
drive size
Disk drive capacity (Approximated). Note that this
size is usually slightly greater than the size of a
formatted disk given by a disk checking program.
Access Mode
CHS
LBA
Large
Auto
Choose the access mode for this hard disk
The following options are selectable only if the ‘IDE Primary Master’ item is set to ‘Manual’
80
Cylinder
Min = 0
Max = 65535
Head
Min = 0
Max = 255
Precomp
Min = 0
Max = 65535
Hard disk
Landing zone
Min = 0
Max = 65535
****
Sector
Min = 0
Max = 255
Set the number of cylinders for this hard disk.
Set the number of read/write heads
Number of sectors per track
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Advanced BIOS Features Setup
This section allows you to configure your system for basic operation. You have the opportunity to select
the system’s default speed, boot-up sequence, keyboard operation, shadowing and security.
Figure 8.3.
Advanced BIOS Features Setup
Virus Warning
When enabled, you receive a warning message if a program (specifically, a virus) attempts to write to the
boot sector or the partition table of the hard disk drive. You should then run an anti-virus program.
Keep in mind that this feature protects only the boot sector, not the entire hard drive.
CAUTION
Many disk diagnostic programs that access the boot sector table can trigger the virus warning
message. If you plan to run such a program, we recommend that you first disable the virus warning.
Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a
Enabled
warning message to appear when anything attempts to access
the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
Disabled
No warning message will appear when anything attempts to
access the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
81
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
CPU L1 & L2 Cache
CPU L1/L2 Cache Enabled/Disabled select. Usually,
select Enabled.
Quick Power On Self Test
Select Enabled to reduce the amount of time required
to run the power-on self-test (POST). A quick POST
skips certain steps.
First/Second/Third/Other Boot Device
The BIOS attempts to load the operating system from
the devices in the sequence selected in these items.
Swap Floppy Drive
This field is effective only in systems with two floppy
drives. Selecting Enabled assigns physical drive B to
logical drive A, and physical drive A to logical drive B.
If the system has two floppy drives, you can swap the
logical drive name assignments.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Boot Up Floppy Seek
When Enabled, the BIOS tests (seeks) floppy drives to
determine whether they have 40 or 80 tracks. Only
360-KB floppy drives have 40 tracks; drives with 720
KB, 1.2 MB, and 1.44 MB capacity all have 80 tracks.
Because very few modern PCs have 40-track floppy
drives, we recommend that you set this field to
Disabled to save time.
Seeks disk drives during boot up.
Disabling speeds
boot up.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Toggle between On or Off to control the state of the
NumLock key when the system boots. When toggled
On, the numeric keypad generates numbers instead of
controlling cursor operations.
Gate A20 option
Gate A20 refers to the way the system addresses
memory above 1 MB (extended memory). When set
to Fast, the system chipset controls Gate A20.
When
set to Normal, a pin in the keyboard controller
controls Gate A20. Setting Gate A20 to Fast improves
system speed, particularly with OS/2 and Windows
Typematic Rate Setting
When Disabled, the following two items (Typematic
Rate and Typematic Delay) are irrelevant.
Keystrokes repeat at a rate determined by the
keyboard controller in your system.
When Enabled,
you can select a typematic rate and typematic delay.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
When the typematic rate setting is enabled, you can
select a typematic rate (the rate at which character
repeats when you hold down a key) of 6, 8, 10,12, 15,
20, 24 or 30 characters per second.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
83
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Typematic Delay (Msec)
When the typematic rate setting is enabled, you can
select a typematic delay (the delay before key strokes
begin to repeat) of 250, 500, 750 or 1000 milliseconds.
Security Option
Select whether the password is required every time
the system boots or only when you enter setup. If
you have set a password, select whether the password
is required every time the System boots, or only when
you enter Setup.
System: The system will not boot and access to Setup
will be denied if the correct password is not entered at
the prompt.
Setup: The system will boot, but access to Setup will
be denied if the correct password is not entered at the
prompt.
Note: To disable security, select PASSWORD SETTING at Main Menu and then you will be asked to enter
password. Do not type anything and just press <Enter>, it will disable security.
Once the security is
disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
S Select For DRAM > 64MB
Select OS2 only if you are running OS/2 operating
system with greater than 64 MB of RAM on your
system.
Report No FDD For Win 95
Select Yes to release IRQ6 when the system contains
no floppy drive, for compatibility with Windows 95
logo certification. In the Integrated Peripherals
screen, select Disabled for the Onboard FDC
Controller field.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Advanced Chipset Features Setup
Figure 8.4.
Advanced Chipset Features Setup
This section allows you to configure the system based on the specific features of the installed chipset.
This chipset manages bus speeds and access to system memory resources, such as DRAM and the
external cache. It also coordinates communications between the conventional ISA bus and the PCI bus.
It must be stated that these items should never need to be altered. The default settings have been chosen
because they provide the best operating conditions for your system. The only time you might consider
making any changes would be if you discovered that data was being lost while using your system.
Description
Choice
DRAM Timing Selectable
The value in this field depends on performance
parameters of the installed memory chips (DRAM).
Do not change the value from the factory setting
unless you install new memory that has a different
performance rating than the original DRAMs
CAS Latency Time
When synchronous DRAM is installed, the number
of clock cycles of CAS latency depends on the DRAM
timing.
Do not reset this field from the default
value specified by the system designer.
installed DRAM or the installed CPU.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
85
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Active to Precharge delay
Select the precharge delay timer.
DRAM RAS# to CAS# delay
This field lets you insert a timing delay between the
CAS and RAS strobe signals, used when DRAM is
written to, read from, or refreshed. Fast gives faster
performance; and Slow gives more stable
performance. This field applies only when
synchronous DRAM is installed in the system.
DRAM RAS# Precharge
The precharge time is the number of cycles it takes
for the RAS to accumulate its charge before DRAM
refresh.
If insufficient time is allowed, refresh may
be incomplete and the DRAM may fail to retain
data.
Memory Frequency for
Select the memory frequency for DDR200 when
install the memory with specification of DDR200, or
when install the memory with specification of
DDR266, or Auto define by the BIOS.
System BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system
BIOS ROM at F0000h-FFFFFh, resulting in better
system performance.
However, if any program
writes to this memory area, a system error may
result.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Video BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS
ROM at C0000h to CBFFFh, resulting in better
video performance.
However, if any program writes
to this memory area, a system error may result.
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
You can reserve this area of system memory for ISA
adapter ROM.
When this area is reserved, it
cannot be cached. The user information of
peripherals that need to use this area of system
memory usually discusses their memory
requirements.
Delay Transaction
The chipset has an embedded 32-bit posted write
buffer to support delay transactions cycles. Select
Enabled to support compliance with PCI
specification version 2.1.
Delay Prior to Thermal
Select the interval to setup the delay timer for CPU
Thermal-Throttling.
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
Select the size of the Accelerated Graphics Port
(AGP) aperture. The aperture is a portion of the
PCI memory address range dedicated for graphics
memory address space. Host cycles that hit the
aperture range are forwarded.
Host cycles that hit
the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP
without any translation.
On-Chip VGA setting
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
87
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
On-Chip VGA
When Enabled to choice the on-board VGA function,
otherwise disabled the on-board VGA function.
On chip Frame buffer size
When Enabled, a fixed VGA frame buffer from
A000h to BFFFh and a CPU-to-PCI write buffer are
implemented.
Boot Display
Select the boot display device.
CRT: Analog RGB Display
LFP: LVDS Display
EFP: DVI Display
(Only SPI-8451-LLVA and SPI-8452-LLVA are
effective.)
Panel Number
Select the panel device resolution.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Integrated Peripherals
Figure 8.5. Integrated Peripherals
Description
Choice
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
The integrated peripheral controller contains an IDE
interface with support for two IDE channels. Select
Enabled to activate each channel separately.
IDE Primary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields
let you set a PIO mode (0 - 4) for each of the four IDE
devices that the onboard IDE interface supports.
Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased
performance. In Auto mode, the system
automatically determines the best mode for each
device.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
89
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
IDE Primary Master/Slave UDMA
UDMA (Ultra DMA) is a DMA data transfer protocol
that utilizes ATA commands and the ATA bus to
allow DMA commands to transfer data at a maximum
burst rate of 33 MB/s. When you select Auto in the
four IDE UDMA fields (for each of up to four IDE
devices that the internal PCI IDE interface supports),
the system automatically determines the optimal data
transfer rate for each IDE device.
On-Chip Secondary PCI IDE
The integrated peripheral controller contains an IDE
interface with support for two IDE channels. Select
Enabled to activate each channel separately.
IDE Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields
let you set a PIO mode (0-4) for each of the four IDE
devices that the onboard IDE interface supports.
Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased
performance. In Auto mode, the system
automatically determines the best mode for each
device.
IDE Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
UDMA (Ultra DMA) is a DMA data transfer protocol
that utilizes ATA commands and the ATA bus to
allow DMA commands to transfer data at a maximum
burst rate of 33 MB/s. When you select Auto in the
four IDE UDMA fields (for each of up to four IDE
devices that the internal PCI IDE interface supports),
the system automatically determines the optimal data
transfer rate for each IDE device.
USB Controller
Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal
Serial Bus (USB) controller and you have USB
peripherals.
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
USB 2.0 controller
Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal
Serial Bus (USB 2.0) controller and you have USB
peripherals.
Disable(Default)
USB Init Delay (SPI-8452-LLVA only)
It is a setting that delays the initialization of USB.
3 sec
5 sec
8 sec
10 sec
USB Keyboard Support
Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal
Serial Bus (USB) controller and you have a USB
keyboard.
USB Mouse support
Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal
Serial Bus (USB) controller and you have a USB
mouse.
AC’97 Audio
Select Enabled to use the audio capabilities of your
system.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
91
8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Init Display First
Initialize the on board video display before initializing
any other display device on the system. Thus the on
board display becomes the primary display.
(Only SPI-8451-LLVA and SPI-8452-LLVA are
effective.)
Onboard LAN
Select Enabled to active the onboard GIGA-LAN
controller, select Disabled to turn-off the onboard
GIGA-LAN controller when you do not want to use
this function.
(Only SPI-8451-LLVA and SPI-8452-LLVA are
effective.)
Intrernal LAN
Select Enabled to active the onboard 10/100-LAN
controller, select Disabled to turn-off the onboard
10/100-LAN controller when you do not want to use
this function.
RAID Function
Select Enabled to active the onboard RAID controller,
select Disabled to turn-off the onboard RAID
controller when you do not want to use this function.
(Only SPI-8451-LLVA is effective.)
IDE HDD Block mode
Block mode is also called block transfer, multiple
commands, or multiple sector read/write. If your IDE
hard drive supports block mode (most new drives do),
select Enabled for automatic detection of the optimal
number of block read/writes per sector the drive can
support.
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8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Onboard FDC Controller
Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk
controller (FDC) installed on the system board and
you wish to use it. If you install and-in FDC or the
system has no floppy drive, select Disabled in this
field.
Onboard Serial Port 1
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the
first serial port.
Onboard Serial Port 2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the
second serial port.
Onboard Parallel Port
Select a logical LPT port name and matching address
for the physical parallel (printer) port
Parallel Port Mode
Selected an operating mode for the onboard parallel
port. Select Compatible or extended unless you are
certain both your hardware and software support EPP
or ECP mode.
SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
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8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
ECP Mode Use DMA
Select a DMA channel for the port
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SPI-8451-LLVA, SPI-8452-LLVA, SPI-8451-LVA
8. BIOS Setup
Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows you to configure you system to most effectively save energy while
operating in a manner consistent with your own style of computer use.
Figure 8.6.
Power Management Setup
Description
Choice
Power-Supply Type
Select the power supply type.
ACPI function
Select to Enabled the ACPI function and select
Disabled to disable the APCI.
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8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Power management
Video Off Method
This determines the manner in which the monitor is
blanked.
V/H SYNC+Blank
This selection will cause the system to turn off the
vertical and horizontal synchronization ports and
write blanks to the video buffer.
DPMS
Initial display power management signaling.
Video Off In Suspend
This determines the manner in which the monitor is
blanked.
Suspend Type
Select the Suspend Type.
MODEM Use IRQ
Name the interrupt request (IRQ) line assigned to the
modem (if any) on your system. Activity of the
selected IRQ always awakens the system.
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8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Suspend Mode
HDD Power Down
When enabled and after the set time of system
inactivity, the hard disk drive will be powered down
while all other devices remain active.
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
When “Instant-off”, immediate system is turn off if a
power button is pushed. When “Delay 4
Sec.”,system is off if a power button is pushed over
about 4sec.
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8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Power after PWR Fail
Select a Power On status by the BIOS setup when
power fails.
When use ATX power supply and the
setup jumper on the back plane is “AT mode”, select
this setting is “on”.
CPU THRM-Throttling
To select throttling ration for CPU speed down active
when CPU temperature up to over specification.
Wake up by PCI card
When Enabled, your can awakens the system from
Suspend mode from PCI card event.
Power On by Ring
An input signal on the serial Ring Indicator (RI) line
(in other words, an incoming call on the modem)
awakens the system from a soft off state.
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8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choice
Resume by Alarm
When Enabled, your can set the date and time at
which the RTC (real-time clock) alarm awakens the
system from Suspend mode.
Reload Global Timer Events: When Enabled, an event occurring on each listed device restarts the global timer
for Standby mode.
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8. BIOS Setup
PnP/PCI Configuration Setup
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. PCI, or Personal Computer Interconnect, is a
system which allows I/O devices to operate at speeds nearing the speed the CPU itself uses when
communicating with its own special components. This section covers some very technical items and it
is strongly recommended that only experienced users should make any changes to the default settings.
Figure 8.7. PnP/PCI Configuration Setup
Description
Choices
PNP OS Installed
Select Yes if the system operating environment is
Plug-and-Play aware (e.g. Windows 95).
Reset Configuration Data
Normally, you leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to
reset Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) when you
exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on and the system
reconfiguration has caused such a serious conflict that the
operating system can not boot.
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8. BIOS Setup
Description
Choices
Resource Controlled by
The Award Plug and Play BIOS can automatically configure
all the boot and Plug and Play – compatible devices.
If you
select Auto, all the interrupt request (IRQ) and DMA
assignment fields disappear, as the BIOS automatically
assigns them
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8. BIOS Setup
IRQ n Resources
Figure 8.8. IRQ n Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt as on of the following type,
depending on the type of device using the interrupt.
Legacy ISA Devices compliant with the original PC AT bus specification, requiring a specific interrupt
(Such as IRQ4 for serial port 1)
PCI/ISA PnP Devices compliant with the Plug and Play standard, whether designed for PCI or ISA bus
architecture.
The Choice: Legacy ISA and PCI/ISA PnP.
Description
Choices
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
Leave this field at Disabled.
Assert PCI Device SERR#
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8. BIOS Setup
PC Health Status
Figure 8.9.
PC Health Status
The BIOS shows the PC health status in this window.
Item
Description
Current System Temp.
This field displays the current system temperature, if your
computer contains a monitoring system.
Current CPU1 Temp.
This field displays the current CPU temperature, if your computer
contains a monitoring system.
Current CPUFAN1 / CPUFAN2 Speed
These fields display the current speed of up to three CPU fans, if
your computer contains a monitoring system.
Vcore / VCCP / +12V / +5V / +3.3V / VBAT /
5VSB
These fields display the current voltage of input lines, if your
computer contains a monitoring system.
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8. BIOS Setup
Frequency / Voltage Control
Figure 8.10. Frequency/Voltage Control
Description
Choices
Spread Spectrum
When the system clock generator pulses, the extreme values
of the pulse generate excess EMI. Enabling pulse spectrum
spread modulation changes the extreme values from spikes to
flat curves, thus reducing EMI.
This benefit may in some
cases be outweighed by problems with timing-critical devices,
such as a clock-sensitive SCSI device.
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8. BIOS Setup
Defaults Menu
Selecting “Defaults” from the main menu shows you two options which are described below
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal-performance system operations.
Load Optimized Defaults
When you press <Enter> on this item you get a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal performance system operations.
Supervisor/User Password Setting
You can set either supervisor or user password, or both of then. The differences between are:
SUPERVISOR PASSWORD: can enter and change the options of the setup menus.
USER PASSWORD: just can only enter but do not have the right to change the options of the setup
menus. When you select this unction, the following message will appear at the center of the screen to
assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD:
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password typed now will
clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You will be asked to confirm the password.
Type the password again and press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not
enter a password.
To disable a password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the password. A message will
confirm the password will be disabled. Once the password is disabled, the system will boot and you can
enter Setup freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED.
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to enter it every time you try to enter Setup.
This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a password every
time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use of your computer.
You determine when the password is required within the BIOS Features Setup Menu and its Security
option (see Section 3). If the Security option is set to “System”, the password will be required both at boot
and at entry to Setup. If set to “Setup”, prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup.
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8. BIOS Setup
Exit Selecting
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS – a special section of memory that stays
on after you turn your system off. The next time you boot your computer, the BIOS configures your
system according to the Setup selections stored in CMOS. After saving the values the system is restarted
again.
Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit without saving (Y/N)? Y
This allows you to exit Setup without storing in CMOS any change. The previous selections remain in
effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
POST Messages
During the Power on Self-Test (POST), if the BIOS detects an error requiring you to do something to fix,
it will either sound a beep code or display a message.
If a message is displayed, it will be accompanied by:
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE, CTRL-ALT-ESC OR DEL TO ENTER SETUP
POST Beep
Currently there are two kinds of beep codes in BIOS. This code indicates that a video error has occurred
and the BIOS cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional information. This beep code
consists of a single long beep followed by two short beeps. The other code indicates that your DRAM
error has occurred. This beep code consists of a single long beep repeatedly.
Error Messages
One or more of the following messages may be displayed if the BIOS detects an error during the POST.
This list includes messages for both the ISA and the EISA BIOS.
CMOS battery has failed
CMOS battery is no longer functional. It should be replaced.
CMOS checksum error
Checksum of CMOS is incorrect. This can indicate that CMOS has become corrupt. This error may have
been caused by a weak battery. Check the battery and replace if necessary.
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8. BIOS Setup
DISK BOOT failure
INSERT SYSTEM DISK AND PRESS ENTER
No boot device was found. This could mean that either a boot drive was not detected or the drive does not
contain proper system boot files. Insert a system disk into Drive A: and press <Enter>. If you assumed the
system would boot from the hard drive, make sure the controller is inserted correctly and all cables are
properly attached. Also be sure the disk is formatted as a boot device. Then reboot the system.
Diskette drives or types mismatch error
RUN SETUP
Type of diskette drive installed in the system is different from the CMOS definition. Run Setup to
reconfigure the drive type correctly.
Display switch is set incorrectly
Display switch on the motherboard can be set to either monochrome or color. This indicates the switch is
set to a different setting than indicated in Setup. Determine which setting is correct, and then either turn
off the system and change the jumper, or enter Setup and change the VIDEO selection.
Display type has changed since last BOOT
Since last powering off the system, the display adapter has been changed. You must configure the system
for the new display type.
EISA configuration checksum error
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The EISA non-volatile RAM checksum is incorrect or cannot correctly read the EISA slot. This can
indicate either the EISA non-volatile memory has become corrupt or the slot has been configured
incorrectly. Also be sure the card is in-stalled firmly in the slot.
EISA configuration is not complete
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The slot configuration information stored in the EISA non-volatile memory is incomplete.
Note: When either of these errors appear, the system will boot in ISA mode, which allows you to
run the EISA Configuration Utility.
Error encountered initializing hard drive
Hard drive cannot be initialized. Be sure the adapter is installed correctly and all cables are correctly and
firmly attached. Also be sure the correct hard drive type is selected in Setup.
Error initializing hard disk controller
Cannot initialize controller. Make sure the cord is correctly and firmly installed in the bus. Be sure the
correct hard drive type is selected in Setup. Also check to see if any jumper needs to be set correctly on
the hard drive.
Floppy disk controller error or no controller present
Cannot find or initialize the floppy drive controller. Make sure the controller is installed correctly and
firmly. If there are no floppy drives installed, be sure the Diskette Drive selection in Setup is set to
NONE.
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8. BIOS Setup
Invalid EISA configuration
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The non-volatile memory containing EISA configuration information was programmed incorrectly or has
become corrupt. Re-run EISA configuration utility to correctly program the memory.
NOTE: When this error appears, the system will boot in ISA mode, which allows you
to run the EISA Configuration Utility.
Keyboard error or no keyboard present
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached correctly and no keys are being
pressed during the boot.
If you are purposely configuring the system without a keyboard, set the error halt condition in Setup to
HALT ON ALL, BUT KEYBOARD. This will cause the BIOS to ignore the missing keyboard and
continue the boot.
Memory address error at …
Indicates a memory address error at a specific location. You can use this location along with the memory
map for your system to find and replace the bad memory chips.
Memory parity error at …
Indicates a memory parity error at a specific location. You can use this location along with the memory
map for your system to find and replace the bad memory chips.
Memory size has changed since last BOOT
Memory has been added or removed since the last boot. In EISA mode use Configuration Utility to
reconfigure the memory configuration. In ISA mode enter Setup and enter the new memory size in the
memory fields.
Memory verify error at …
Indicates an error verifying a value already written to memory. Use the location along with your system's
memory map to locate the bad chip.
Offending address not found
This message is used in conjunction with the I/O CHANNEL CHECK and RAM PARITY ERROR
messages when the segment that has caused the problem cannot be isolated.
Offending segment
This message is used in conjunction with the I/O CHANNEL CHECK and RAM PARITY ERROR
messages when the segment that has caused the problem has been isolated.
Press a key to REBOOT
This will be displayed at the bottom screen when an error occurs that requires you to reboot. Press any
key and the system will reboot.
Press F1 to disable NMI, F1 to REBOOT
When BIOS detects a Non-maskable Interrupt condition during boot, this will allow you to disable the
NMI and continue to boot, or you can reboot the system with the NMI enabled.
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8. BIOS Setup
RAM parity error
CHECKING FOR SEGMENT ...
Indicates a parity error in Random Access Memory.
Should be empty but EISA board found
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
A valid board ID was found in a slot that was configured as having no board ID.
NOTE; When this error appears, the system will boot in ISA mode, which allows you to
run the EISA Configuration Utility.
Should have EISA board but not found
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The board installed is not responding to the ID request, or no board ID has been found in the indicated
slot.
NOTE: When this error appears, the system will boot in ISA mode, which allows you to
run the EISA Configuration Utility.
Slot not empty
Indicates that a slot designated as empty by the EISA Configuration Utility actually con-tains a board.
NOTE: When this error appears, the system will boot in ISA mode, which allows you to
run the EISA Configuration Utility.
System halted, (CTRL-ALT-DEL) to REBOOT …
Indicates the present boot attempt has been aborted and the system must be rebooted. Press and hold
down the CTRL and ALT keys and press DEL.
Wrong board in slot
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The board ID does not match the ID stored in the EISA non-volatile memory.
NOTE: When this error appears, the system will boot in ISA mode, which allows you to
run the EISA Configuration Utility.
Floppy disk(s) fail (80)
Unable to reset floppy subsystem.
Floppy disk(s) fail (40)
Floppy Type mismatch.
Hard disk(s) fail (80)
HDD reset failed.
Hard disk(s) fail (40)
HDD controller diagnostics failed.
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8. BIOS Setup
Hard disk(s) fail (20)
HDD initialization error.
Hard disk(s) fail (10)
Unable to recalibrate fixed disk.
Hark disk(s) fail (08)
Sector Verify failed.
Keyboard is locked out – Unlock the key
Unlock the key. BIOS detect the keyboard is locked. P17 of keyboard controller is pulled low.
Keyboard error or no keyboard present
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached correctly and no keys are being
pressed during the boot.
Manufacturing POST loop
System will repeat POST procedure infinitely while the P15 of keyboard controller is pull low. This is
also used for M/B burn in test.
BIOS ROM checksum error – System halted
The checksum of ROM address F0000H-FFFFFH is bad.
Memory test fail
BIOS reports the memory tests fail if the onboard memory is tested error.
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8. BIOS Setup
POST Codes
POST
(hex)
CFh
C0h
Description
Test CMOS R/W functionality.
Early chipset initialization:
-Disable shadow RAM
-Disable L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
-Program basic chipset registers
C1h
Detect memory
-Auto-detection of DRAM size, type and ECC.
-Auto-detection of L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
C3h
Expand compressed BIOS code to DRAM
C5h
Call chipset hook to copy BIOS back to E000 & F000 shadow RAM.
01h
Expand the Xgroup codes locating in physical address 1000:0
02h
Reserved
03h
Initial Superio_Early_Init switch.
04h
Reserved
05h
Call chipset hook to copy BIOS back to E000 & F000 shadow RAM.
06h
Expand the Xgroup codes locating in physical address 1000:0
07h
Reserved
08h
Initial Superio_Early_Init switch.
09h
Reserved
0Ah
1. Blank out screen
2. Clear CMOS error flag
0Bh
Reserved
0Ch
1. Clear 8042 interface
2. Initialize 8042 self-test
0Dh
Reserved
0Eh
Test F000h segment shadow to see whether it is R/W-able or not. If test fails, keep beeping the
speaker.
0Fh
Reserved
10h
Auto detect flash type to load appropriate flash R/W codes into the run time area in F000 for
ESCD & DMI support.
11h
Reserved
12h
Use walking 1’s algorithm to check out interface in CMOS circuitry. Also set real-time clock
power status, and then check for override.
13h
Reserved
14h
Program chipset default values into chipset. Chipset default values are MODBINable by OEM
customers.
15h
Reserved
16h
Initial Early_Init_Onboard_Generator switch.
17h
Reserved
18h
Detect CPU information including brand, SMI type (Cyrix or Intel®) and CPU level (586 or
686).
19h
Reserved
1Ah
Reserved
1Bh
Initial interrupts vector table. If no special specified, all H/W interrupts are directed to
SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR & S/W interrupts to SPURIOUS_soft_HDLR.
1Ch
Reserved
1Dh
Initial EARLY_PM_INIT switch.
1Eh
Reserved
1Fh
Load keyboard matrix (notebook platform)
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8. BIOS Setup
POST
(hex)
Description
20h
Reserved
21h
HPM initialization (notebook platform)
22h
Reserved
23h
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check validity of RTC value: e.g. a value of 5Ah is an invalid value for RTC minute.
Load CMOS settings into BIOS stack. If CMOS checksum fails, use default value
instead.
Prepare BIOS resource map for PCI & PnP use. If ESCD is valid, take into
consideration of the ESCD’s legacy information.
Onboard clock generator initialization. Disable respective clock resource to empty PCI &
DIMM slots.
Early PCI initialization:
-Enumerate PCI bus number
-Assign memory & I/O resource
-Search for a valid VGA device & VGA BIOS, and put it into C000:0.
24h
Reserved
25h
Reserved
26h
Reserved
27h
Initialize INT 09 buffer
28h
29h
Reserved
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Program CPU internal MTRR (P6 & PII) for 0~640K memory address.
Initialize the APIC for Pentium class CPU.
Program early chipset according to CMOS setup. Example: onboard IDE controller.
Measure CPU speed.
Invoke video BIOS.
2Ah
Reserved
2Bh
Reserved
2Ch
Reserved
2Dh
1.
2.
Initialize multi-language
Put information on screen display, including Award title, CPU type, CPU speed ….
2Eh
Reserved
2Fh
Reserved
30h
Reserved
31h
Reserved
32h
Reserved
33h
Reset keyboard except Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
34h
Reserved
35h
Reserved
36h
Reserved
37h
Reserved
38h
Reserved
39h
Reserved
3Ah
Reserved
3Bh
Reserved
3Ch
Test 8254
3Dh
Reserved
3Eh
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 1.
3Fh
Reserved
40h
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 2.
41h
Reserved
42h
Reserved
43h
Test 8259 functionality.
44h
Reserved
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8. BIOS Setup
POST
(hex)
Description
45h
Reserved
46h
Reserved
47h
Initialize EISA slot
48h
Reserved
49h
1.
2.
Calculate total memory by testing the last double word of each 64K page.
Program writes allocation for AMD K5 CPU.
4Ah
Reserved
4Bh
Reserved
4Ch
Reserved
4Dh
Reserved
4Eh
1.
2.
3.
4.
Program MTRR of M1 CPU
Initialize L2 cache for P6 class CPU & program CPU with proper cacheable range.
Initialize the APIC for P6 class CPU.
On MP platform, adjust the cacheable range to smaller one in case the cacheable ranges
between each CPU are not identical.
4Fh
Reserved
50h
Initialize USB
51h
Reserved
52h
Test all memory (clear all extended memory to 0)
53h
Reserved
54h
Reserved
55h
Display number of processors (multi-processor platform)
56h
Reserved
57h
1.
2.
Display PnP logo
Early ISA PnP initialization
-Assign CSN to every ISA PnP device.
58h
Reserved
59h
Initialize the combined Trend Anti-Virus code.
5Ah
Reserved
5Bh
(Optional Feature)
Show message for entering AWDFLASH.EXE from FDD (optional)
5Ch
Reserved
5Dh
1.
2.
Initialize Init_Onboard_Super_IO switch.
Initialize Init_Onbaord_AUDIO switch.
5Eh
Reserved
5Fh
Reserved
60h
Okay to enter Setup utility; i.e. not until this POST stage can users enter the CMOS setup
utility.
61h
Reserved
62h
Reserved
63h
Reserved
64h
Reserved
65h
Initialize PS/2 Mouse
66h
Reserved
67h
Prepare memory size information for function call: INT 15h ax=E820h
68h
Reserved
69h
Turn on L2 cache
6Ah
Reserved
6Bh
Program chipset registers according to items described in Setup & Auto-configuration table.
6Ch
Reserved
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8. BIOS Setup
POST
(hex)
6Dh
6Eh
6Fh
Description
1.
2.
Assign resources to all ISA PnP devices.
Auto assign ports to onboard COM ports if the corresponding item in Setup is set to
“AUTO”.
Reserved
1.
2.
Initialize floppy controller
Set up floppy related fields in 40:hardware.
70h
Reserved
71h
Reserved
72h
Reserved
73h
(Optional Feature)
Enter AWDFLASH.EXE if :
-AWDFLASH is found in floppy drive.
-ALT+F2 is pressed
74h
Reserved
75h
Detect & install all IDE devices: HDD, LS120, ZIP, CDROM…..
76h
Reserved
77h
Detect serial ports & parallel ports.
78h
Reserved
79h
Reserved
7Ah
Detect & install co-processor
7Bh
Reserved
7Ch
Reserved
7Dh
Reserved
7Eh
Reserved
7Fh
Switch back to text mode if full screen logo is supported.
-If errors occur, report errors & wait for keys
-If no errors occur or F1 key is pressed to continue:
ŠClear EPA or customization logo.
80h
Reserved
81h
Reserved
82h
1.
1.
2.
3.
Call chipset power management hook.
Recover the text fond used by EPA logo (not for full screen logo)
If password is set, ask for password.
83h
Save all data in stack back to CMOS
84h
Initialize ISA PnP boot devices
85h
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
USB final Initialization
NET PC: Build SYSID structure
Switch screen back to text mode
Set up ACPI table at top of memory.
Invoke ISA adapter ROMs
Assign IRQs to PCI devices
Initialize APM
Clear noise of IRQs.
86h
Reserved
87h
Reserved
88h
Reserved
89h
Reserved
90h
Reserved
91h
Reserved
92h
Reserved
93h
Read HDD boot sector information for Trend Anti-Virus code
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8. BIOS Setup
POST
(hex)
Description
94h
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Enable L2 cache
Program boot up speed
Chipset final initialization.
Power management final initialization
Clear screen & display summary table
Program K6 write allocation
Program P6 class write combining
95h
1.
2.
Program daylight saving
Update keyboard LED & typematic rate
96h
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Build MP table
Build & update ESCD
Set CMOS century to 20h or 19h
Load CMOS time into DOS timer tick
Build MSIRQ routing table.
FFh
Boot attempt (INT 19h)
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SPI-8451-LVA
SPI-8452-LLVA
User’s Manual
CONTEC CO.,LTD.
July 2009 Edition
3-9-31, Himesato, Nishiyodogawa-ku, Osaka 555-0025, Japan
Japanese http://www.contec.co.jp/
English http://www.contec.com/
Chinese http://www.contec.com.cn/
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[07172009]
[12082005]
[07172009_rev6]
Management No.
Parts No.
A-51-117
LYFM363
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