DCM 433
CURRENT BRIDGE AMPLIFIER
USER’S GUIDE
www.cooperinstruments.com
PH: 540-349-4746 • FAX: 540-347-4755
Description
The Model DCM 433 is a self-contained, AC powered signal conditioner for bridge type instrumentation. It contains
a precision instrumentation amplifier with isolated, filtered output and a highly regulated, low noise, adjustable
output bridge excitation source. The unit is completely encapsulated for use in rugged environments.
Features
•
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•
•
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Complete Strain Gage Bridge Signal Conditioner
Isolated 4-20 mA or 0-20 mA Output
Output Capable of Driving 1000-ohm Loop
Bridge Balance with 80% Tare Offset Capability
High Gain Amplifier; Can Accept Full Scale Live Load Signals as Low as 5 mV and Provide 16mA Output Span
Excitation Supply Capable of Driving Four Load Cells
AC Powered
Rugged Epoxy Encapsulated Design
Applications
• Weighing with Load Cells
• Process Control Add-on Loops
• Can be Used With All Types of Low Output Sensors
DCM 433 Block Diagram
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Specifications
NOTE: Unless otherwise noted, specifications apply after one hour warm up at 25°C ambient. Temperature
coefficients apply between 0°C and 55°C ambient.
Isolation
700 VDC
60pF
Input to Output
Amplifier
Gain
Adjustment Range
Input 4-20mA Output
Linearity
Temperature Stability
Input Noise
.1 Hz to 10 Hz
Tare Adjustment Range
5 mV to 50 mV
±0.01% of Full Scale
50 PPM (0.005%/°C)
2µV P-P
-3 mV to +25 mV
(Equals 80% F.S. of 3 mV/V cell)
Bridge Offset
Input Resistance
Differential and Common Mode
Common Mode Rejection, DC
Common Mode Input
Output
Zero Adjust
Temperature Coefficient
Current Output Span
Compliance Voltage
Current
Loop Resistance
Frequency Response, -3dB
Response Time
Rise Time 10% to 90%
To 0.1% of Final Value
Bridge Supply
Voltage Adjustment Range
Temperature Coefficient
Fixed
Temperature Coefficient
Load Current
Regulation - Load and Line
Output Noise
120 Hz Bandwidth
Power Input
Optional
Line Isolation
Capacitance
Dielectric Withstand
Environment
Ambient Operating
Storage
Weight
Size
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1000 megaohm
100 dB minimum
+5 Volts
0 or 4 mA
1 µA/°C
4 to 20 mA or 0 to 20 mA
-1 to +20 Volts
-1 mA to +20 mA
0 to 1000 ohms
10 Hertz, 2 Pole Roll Off
35 ms
100 ms
5 to 10 Volts
100 PPM Typical
10.2V ±2.5%
60 PPM Typical
0 to 120 mA
0.02% maximum
1 mV RMS, Maximum
115 VAC, ±10V 50/60 Hz @7 VA
220 or 230 VAC, ±10%
60 pF
1100 Volts RMS
-25°C to +55°C
-25°C to +85°C
18 oz. (510 grams)
3.75” L x 2.0” W x 2.87” H
(9.53 cm x 5.1 cm x 7.62 cm)
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Getting Started with the DCM 433
1. Excitation Supply. If remote sensing is not used, connect +Sense to +Excitation, terminal 3 to 4, and connect
-Sense to -Excitation, terminal 1 to 2.
2. Apply power to the DCM 433 and adjust the Excitation supply. Turn SWB-1 “ON” for a fixed 10 Volts. This will
set the supply to 10.2 ±2.5% and provide the best temperature stability. For voltages between 5 and 10 Volts,
place SWB-1 in the “OFF” position and set the Excitation Supply with potentiometer E. SWB-2 may be in either
position.
3. Turn the power to the Model DCM 433 off and connect the load cell to the DCM 433 Excitation terminals and
the Amplifier Inputs.
4. Turn on power to the DCM 433.
5. Turn SWA-3 “ON”. (To set output ZERO current with pot D.)
6. Select the expected full-scale signal range according to the table with SWA-4 and SWA-5. If the output from the
load cell is not known, set both SW-4 and SW-5 “ON” for the 40-50mV range.
7. Set SWA-2 “OFF” for 4mA or SWA-2 “ON” for 0mA output ZERO.
8. Adjust D potentiometer for desired ZERO current.
9. Turn SWA-3 “OFF”. Expect output current to change.
10. Apply no load or dead weight to load cell.
11. Adjust TARE potentiometers A and B for the same ZERO current set in Step 8. SWA-1 “OFF” provides a bridge
output balance of -3mV to +15mV, and “ON” between +15mV and +25mV.
12. Apply full-scale load and adjust SPAN (GAIN) potentiometer C for the desired full scale output current. Set
Range switches SWA-4 and SWA-5 as required.
13. Remove full-scale load and check ZERO output current. Adjust FINE TARE potentiometer A if required.
14. Recheck full scale as in Step 12.
15. End.
Note: If the amplifier is used without using the DCM 433 Excitation Supply, the external power supply low side must
be connected to the -EXCITATION terminal 2 on the DCM 433, or one of the inputs must be tied to terminal 2,
-EXCITATION. This provides a DC return path for the finite amplifier input current.
Amplifier
The amplifier is a true differential input, low drift Instrumentation Amplifier with less than 100pA input current. It has
a common mode range of 5 Volts with respect to the – EXCITATION supply terminal and a minimum of 100dB
rejection of the common mode voltage. The input amplifier and excitation supply are DC isolated from the AC line
and the current output.
The isolated output current source has a compliance of 20 Volts to allow the DCM 433 to operate with zero to 1000
Ohms of loop resistance.
Tare Weight Compensation
The Model DCM 433 has two different zero controls. One is called the OUTPUT zero and can be set to 0mA or
4mA with SWA-2. The other zero control is called TARE. SWA-1 allows the selection of one of two TARE ranges, 3mV to 15mV or +15mV to +25mV. Potentiometers are available for COARSE and FINE TARE adjustments.
Connecting to a Sensor
Any amplifier has a finite input current, which must have DC return path to the amplifier power supplies. This path is
automatically provided when the DCM 433 Bridge Excitation Supply is used to excite the sensor. If an external
supply is used, one side of the external supply must be connected to the Model DCM 433 common, Terminal 2. Be
sure that the common mode voltage limits are observed. This would generally limit the external power supply to 10
Volts assuming that half the voltage would be common mode, as is the case when exciting a full bridge.
When the full-scale output of a sensor is measured in millivolts, say 10 millivolts, care must be exercised in wiring
systems. At 10 millivolts full scale, each microvolt (10-6 volts) contributes 0.01% of full-scale output. Wire
connections can generate microvolts of potential due to contact potentials. These will also be thermoelectric
potentials and thus vary with temperature differences. All wires used in connecting up the DCM 433 should be of
the same material. If any intervening connections are made such as a terminal block, the terminal block connecting
points should have good thermal contact so they will always be at the same temperature and thus cancel each
other.
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Transducer Excitation
The bridge excitation supply voltage is set by SWB-1 and potentiometer E. Set SWB-1 ON for a fixed 10 Volts. This
will provide the best temperature stability. The supply can be adjusted between 5 and 10 Volts by setting SWB-1
OFF and adjusting potentiometer E. The supply will deliver up to 120mA current at any voltage setting to power up
to four 350-ohm sensors.
SWB-1
ON
OFF
SWA-1
OFF
ON
Tare Range
-3 mV to +15 mV
+15 mV to +25 mV
SWA-2
OFF
ON
Zero Current
4 mA
0 mA
SWA-4
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
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Excitation Voltage
Fixed 10 Volts
Adjustable
SWA-5
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
5
Span Range
40 mV to 50 mV
20 mV to 40 mV
10 mV to 20 mV
5 mV to 10 mV
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Mechanical Specifications
Screw
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
Terminal Strip Assignments
Screw
Function
Terminal
-SENSE
6
-EXCITATION
7
+SENSE
8
+EXCITATION
9
AC
10
Function
AC
+SIGNAL
-SIGNAL
OUTPUT
RETURN
Warranty Repair Policy
Limited Warranty on Products
Any Cooper Instruments product which, under normal operating conditions, proves defective in material or in
workmanship within one year of the date of shipment by Cooper will be repaired or replaced free of charge provided
that a return material authorization is obtained from Cooper and the defective product is sent, transportation
charges prepaid, with notice of the defect, and it is established that the product has been properly installed,
maintained, and operated within the limits of rated and normal usage. Replacement or repaired product will be
shipped F.O.B. from our plant. The terms of this warranty do not extend to any product or part thereof which, under
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normal usage, has an inherently shorter useful life than one year. The replacement warranty detailed here is the
buyer’s exclusive remedy, and will satisfy all obligations of Cooper whether based on contract, negligence, or
otherwise. Cooper is not responsible for any incidental or consequential loss or damage which might result from a
failure of any and all other warranties, express or implied, including implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for
particular purpose. Any unauthorized disassembly or attempt to repair voids this warranty.
Obtaining Service under Warranty
Advance authorization is required prior to the return to Cooper Instruments. Before returning the item, contact the
Repair Department c/o Cooper Instruments at (540) 349-4746 for a Return Material Authorization number.
Shipment to Cooper shall be at buyer’s expense and repaired or replacement items will be shipped F.O.B. from our
plant in Warrenton, Virginia. Non-verified problems or defects may be subject to a $100 evaluation charge. Please
return the original calibration data with the unit.
Repair Warranty
All repairs of Cooper products are warranted for a period of 90 days from date of shipment. This warranty applies
only to those items that were found defective and repaired; it does not apply to products in which no defect was
found and returned as is or merely recalibrated. It may be possible for out-of-warranty products to be returned to
the exact original specifications or dimensions.
Technical description of the defect: In order to properly repair a product, it is absolutely necessary for Cooper to
receive information specifying the reason the product is being returned. Specific test data, written observations on
the failure and the specific corrective action you require are needed.
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