Bicycle Owner’s Manual Americano Bicycles Found Only At: Performance Bicycle

Bicycle Owner’s Manual Americano Bicycles Found Only At: Performance Bicycle

Americano

®

Bicycles Found Only At:

Performance Bicycle

®

Stores Nationwide and PerformanceBike.com

Bicycle Owner’s Manual

BICYCLE OWNERS MANUAL

Before proceeding through the rest of this manual we urge you to locate your bicycle serial number which is permanently stamped on the frame. Record the number in this manual in the event your bicycle is stolen. It will also come in handy if required for possible bicycle registration or licensing.

Serial Number:

Model Name:

Model Year:

Store Purchased From:

Purchase Date:

IMPORTANT: ATTACH THE BICYCLE SALES RECEIPT

HELMETS

SAVE

LIVES !!!

ALWAYS WEAR A PROPERLY

FITTED HELMET WHEN

YOU RIDE YOUR BICYCLE.

DO NOT RIDE AT NIGHT.

AVOID RIDING IN WET

CONDITIONS.

CORRECT FITTING - MAKE

SURE YOUR HELMET COVERS

YOUR FOREHEAD.

X

INCORRECT FITTING. FOREHEAD

IS EXPOSED AND VULNERABLE

TO SERIOUS INJURY.

I

?

Parts Identification ...........................................................2-4

Before You Ride ..............................................................5-15

Bike Assembly ..............................................................16-54

How To Operate ............................................................55-58

Basic Maintenance, Storage and Security .................59-73

Lubrication Schedule ........................................................74

Troubleshooting ...........................................................75-77

Purchase Record and Warranty .......................................78

Warning / Important

Take notice of this symbol throughout this manual and pay particular attention to the instructions blocked off and preceded by this symbol.

III

01

1. PARTS IDENTIFICATION

Mountain Bicycles

BMX Bicycles

Tools Required

2. BEFORE YOU RIDE

Correct Frame Size

Riding Position

-Saddle Height

-Reach

-Handlebar Height

Safety Checklist

-Brakes

-Wheels & Tires

-Steering

-Chain

-Bearings

-Cranks & Pedals

-Derailleurs

-Frame & Fork

-Accessories

Helmets

Reflectors

Torque Requirements

Riding Safely

General Rules

-Wet Weather Riding

-Night Riding

-Pedaling Technique

-Hill Technique

-Cornering Technique

-Rules for Children

Bike Assembly

Derailleur Geared Bikes

-Getting Started

-Handlebars

8-11

8

8

8

9

9

9

9

9

9

6

6

6

7

10

11

11

12-14

12

13

13

13

14

14

14

15-54

2-4

2

3

4

5-17

5

15-37

15

15-17

-Shifters

-Forks

-Seat & Seat Post

-Pedals & Crank Set

-Front Wheel

-Front Brake

-Cantilever Brakes

-V-Style Brakes

-Disc Brakes

-Rear Derailleur

-Front Derailleur

-Dual Suspension

-Rear Pivot

-Reflectors

-Fenders

-Final Check

Single Speed & BMX Bikes

-Getting Started

-Handlebars

-Seat

-Pedals & Crank Set

-Front Wheel

-Front Brake

-Side Pull Brakes

-Cantilever Brakes

-V-Style Brakes

-U-Brakes

-Brake Lever

-Coaster Brakes

-Check Your Brakes

-Axle Peg Assembly

-Training Wheels

-Final Check

How to Operate

-Derailleur Gears

-Operating Principles

-Hand Grip Shifters

18

19

20

21

22

23

23-25

25-27

28-29

30

31

32

33

34

35-36

37

38-54

38

38

39

39

40

40

41

41-43

44-45

46

47

47

47-49

50

51-53

54

55-57

55

55

56

-Thumb Shifters

-Below the Bar Shifters

-Check Your Brakes

BASIC MAINTENANCE,

STORAGE & SECURITY

-Maintenance and Lubrication

Wheels and Tires

-Wheel Inspection

-Tire Inspection

-Recommended Tire Pressures

-Hub Bearing Adjustment

Handlebars and Stem

-Handlebar Stem

-Handlebars

-Cables & Cable Housing

Saddle & Seat Post

-Inspection

-Lubrication

-Adjustment

Brakes

-Inspection

-Lubrication

-Adjustment Sidepull Calipers

-Adjustment Cantilever Calipers

-Coaster Brakes

Quick Release Levers

Reflectors

Storage

Security

LUBRICATION SCHEDULE

TROUBLESHOOTING

PURCHASE RECORD

& WARRANTY

57

57

58

59-73

59

60-62

60

61

61

62

63-65

63-64

64

65

66-67

66

66

67

68-71

68

69

69-70

70-71

71

72

72

73

73

74

75-77

78

Mountain Bicycles . Mountain bicycles are designed to give maximum comfort over a wide variety of road surfaces. The wider handlebars and convenient shift lever position make them very easy to control. Wider rims and tires give them a softer ride with more traction on rough surfaces. The frame and fork on mountain style bicycles are generally much sturdier than those on racing style bicycles.

Shift Lever

Top Tube

Seat

Seat Post

Quick Release

Seat Stay

Rear Reflector

Rear Brake

Wheel Reflector

Freewheel

Handlebar Stem

Head Set

Head Tube

Seat Tube

Down Tube

Gear Control Cable

Front Derailleur

Handlebar

Brake Lever

Brake Control Cables

Front Reflector

Front Brake

Front Fork

Wheel Reflector

Front Wheel Hub

Spokes

Gear Control

Cable

Rear Derailleur

Bottom

Bracket Axle

Rim

Tire

Chain Wheel

Crank Arm

Pedal

Chain Stay

Chain

Tire Valve

02

03

BMX Bicycles . BMX style bicycles are a popular general purpose type most suited for young riders. They are valued because of their sturdy and simple construction, and low maintenance.

Seat

Seat Post

Seat Post Binder Bolt or

Quick-Release Skewer

Seat Stay

Rear Reflector

Wheel Reflector

Handlebar Grip

Handlebar Stem

Head Set

Head Tube

Top Tube

Front Brake Lever

Handlebar

Brake Control Cable

Front Reflector

Front Brake

Brake Pad

Front Fork

Wheel Reflector

Front Wheel Hub

Spokes

Seat Tube

Down Tube

Chain

Chain Stay

Rear Sprocket

Training Wheel

Chain Wheel

Crank Arm

Pedal

Rim

Tire

Tire Valve

The following instructions will enable you to prepare your bicycle for years of enjoyable cycling. For more details on inspection, lubrication, maintenance and adjustment of any area please refer to the relevant sections in this manual. You will save time and the inconvenience of having to go back to the store if you choose to write or call us concerning missing parts, service questions or operating advice at:

Hours:

SERVICE AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT:

1-631-780-5360

Sunday: 10:00 a.m. - Midnight EST.

(CLOSED Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day)

Phone: 1-800-727-2453

E-mail: [email protected]

Tools Required:

Phillips head screw driver

4mm, 5mm 6mm & 8mm Allen keys

Adjustable wrench or a 9mm, 10mm,

14mm & 15mm open and box end wrenches

A pair of pliers with cable cutting ability

To avoid injury, this product must be properly assembled before use. If your bicycle was obtained assembled, we strongly recommend that you review the complete assembly instructions and perform checks specified in this manual before riding.

04

05

CORRECT FRAME SIZE

When selecting a new bicycle, the correct choice of frame size is a very important safety consideration. Most full sized bicycles come in a range of frame sizes. These sizes usually refer to the distance between the center of the bottom bracket and the top of the frame seat tube.

For safe and comfortable riding there should be clearance of no less than 1 - 2 inches between the groin area of the intended rider and the top tube of the bicycle frame, while the rider straddles the bicycle with both feet flat on the ground.

The ideal clearance will vary between types of bicycles and rider preference. This makes straddling the frame when off the saddle easier and safer in situations such as sudden traffic stops. Women can use a men’s style bicycle to determine the correct size women’s model.

The following chart and diagram will help you make the correct choice. Rider leg length refers to approximate pant inseam.

Frame Sizing Guide

Approximate Rider Leg

Length

Suggested Frame Size for

Racing/Touring Bicycle

Suggested Frame Size for

Mountain or Hybrid Bicycle

61-69cm / 24-27 inches -

37cm / 14.5 inches

66-76cm / 26-30 inches -

43cm / 17 inches

1-2in.

71-79cm / 28-31 inches 50cm / 19.5 inches

45cm / 18 inches

76-84cm / 30-33 inches 55cm / 21.5 inches

50cm / 19.5 inches

79-86cm / 31-34 inches 57cm / 22.5 inches

52cm / 20.5 inches

81-89cm / 32-35 Inches 60cm / 23.5 Inches

53-56cm / 21-22 Inches

86-94cm / 34-37 inches 63cm / 25 inches

58-60cm / 23-23.5 inches

RIDING POSITION

Saddle Height

In order to obtain the most comfortable riding position and offer the best possible pedaling efficiency, the seat height should be set correctly in relation to the rider’s leg length. The correct saddle height should not allow leg strain from over-extension, and the hips should not rock from side to side when pedaling. While sitting on the bicycle with one pedal at its lowest point, place the ball of your foot on that pedal. The correct saddle height will allow the knee to be slightly bent in this position. If the rider then places the heel of that foot on the pedal, the leg should be almost straight.

Maximum Height /

Minimum Insertion Mark

(Should not be visible)

Arms not overextended

Handlebar stem height about the

same as seat height

Under no circumstances should the seat post project from the frame beyond its “Minimum Insertion” or

“Maximum Extension” mark. If your seat post projects from the frame beyond these markings, the seat post or frame may break, which could cause you to lose control and fall. Prior to your first ride, be sure to tighten the saddle adjusting mechanism properly. A loose saddle clamp or seat post binder can cause damage to the bicycle or can cause you to lose control and fall. Periodically check to make sure that the saddle adjusting mechanism is properly tightened.

Pedal at bottom position

Reach

To obtain maximum comfort, the rider should not overextend his or her reach when riding.

To adjust this distance, the position of the seat can be altered in relation to the seat pillar.

06

07

Handlebar Binder Bolt

Exceeds 2 1/2”

(64mm)

Stem Wedge Bolt

Handlebar Height

Maximum comfort is usually obtained when the handlebar height is equal to the height of the seat. You may wish to try different heights to find the most comfortable position.

Maximum Height/

Minimum Insertion

Mark

Threadless headsets and clamp-on stems are not adjustable.

The stem’s “Minimum Insertion” mark must not be visible above the top of the headset.

If the stem is extended beyond this mark, the stem may break or damage the fork’s steerer tube, which could cause you to lose control and fall.

Failure to properly tighten the stem binder bolt, the handlebar binder bolt, or the bar end extension clamping bolts may compromise steering action, which could cause you to lose control and fall. Place the front wheel of the bicycle between your legs and attempt to twist the handlebar/stem assembly using a reasonable amount of force. If you can twist the stem in relation to the front wheel, turn the handlebars in relation to the stem, or turn the bar end extensions in relation to the handlebar, you must tighten the appropriate bolts accordingly.

SAFETY CHECKLIST

Before every ride, it is important to carry out the following safety checks:

1. Brakes

- Ensure front and rear brakes work properly.

- Ensure brake shoe pads are not over worn and are correctly positioned in relation to the rims.

- Ensure brake control cables are lubricated, correctly adjusted and display no obvious wear.

- Ensure brake control levers are lubricated and tightly secured to the handlebar.

2. Wheels and Tires

- Ensure tires are inflated to within the recommended limit as displayed on the tire sidewall.

- Ensure tires have tread and have no bulges or excessive wear.

- Ensure rims run true and have no obvious wobbles or kinks.

- Ensure all wheel spokes are tight and not broken.

- Check that axle nuts are tight. If your bicycle is fitted with quick release axles, make sure locking levers

are correctly tensioned and in the closed position.

3. Steering

- Ensure handlebar and stem are correctly adjusted and tightened, and allow proper steering.

- Ensure that the handlebars are set correctly in relation to the forks and the direction of travel.

- Check that the headset locking mechanism is properly adjusted and tightened.

- If the bicycle is fitted with handlebar end extensions, ensure they are properly positioned and tightened.

08

09

4. Chain

- Ensure chain is oiled, clean and runs smoothly.

- Extra care is required in wet or dusty conditions.

5. Bearings

- Ensure all bearings are lubricated, run freely and display no excess movement, grinding or rattling.

- Check headset, wheel bearings, pedal bearings and bottom bracket bearings.

6. Cranks and Pedals

- Ensure pedals are securely tightened to the cranks.

- Ensure cranks are securely tightened to the axle and are not bent.

7. Derailleurs

- Check that front and rear mechanisms are adjusted and function properly.

- Ensure control levers are securely attached.

- Ensure derailleurs, shift levers and control cables are properly lubricated.

8. Frame and Fork

- Check that the frame and fork are not bent or broken.

- If either are bent or broken, they should be replaced.

9. Accessories

- Ensure that all reflectors are properly fitted and not obscured.

- Ensure all other fittings on the bike are properly and securely fastened, and functioning.

- Ensure the rider is wearing a helmet.

Helmets

It is strongly advised that a properly fitting, ANSI or SNELL, or CSA certified, bicycle safety helmet be worn at all times when riding your bicycle. In addition, if you are carrying a passenger in a child safety seat, they must also be wearing a helmet.

The correct helmet should:

- be comfortable

- be lightweight

- have good ventilation

- fit correctly

- cover forehead

Always wear a properly fitted helmet which covers the forehead when riding a bicycle. Many provinces require specific safety devices. It is your responsibility to familiarize yourself with the laws of the province where you ride and to comply with all applicable laws, including properly equipping yourself and your bike as the law requires.

10

11

Reflectors

Your bicycle is supplied with one front (white), one rear (red), two wheel (white), and four pedal (orange) reflectors. (Please Note: Sidewalk bikes, 12” and under, may not have reflectors.) These are an important safety and legal requirement, and should remain securely fitted and in good, clean condition at all times. Periodically, inspect all reflectors, brackets and mounting hardware for signs of wear or damage. Replace immediately if damage is found.

Torque Requirements

Meters

1. Front wheel axle nuts 27– 35

2. Rear wheel axle nuts

3. Handlebar clamp nut/bolt

4. Handlebar stem bolt

5. Seat pillar clamp/nut/bolt

6. Brake mounting nut/bolt

27 – 35

17 – 19

17 – 19

15 – 19

8 – 12

7. Brake cable anchor nut

8. Seat clamp nut

9. Cotterless crank nut

10. Pedal

5 – 8

16 – 23

27 – 28.5

23 – 27

For safe cycling we recommend that a torque (tension) wrench be used to tighten critical parts to the correct tension.

RIDING SAFELY

General Rules

When riding obey the same road laws as all other road vehicles, including giving way to pedestrians, and stopping at red lights and stop signs.

For further information, contact the Road Traffic Authority in your province.

Ride predictably and in a straight line. Never ride against traffic.

Use correct hand signals to indicate turning or stopping.

Ride defensively. To other road users, you may be hard to see.

Concentrate on the path ahead. Avoid pot holes, gravel, wet road markings, oil, curbs, speed bumps, drain grates and other obstacles.

Cross train tracks at a 90 degree angle or walk your bicycle across.

Expect the unexpected such as opening car doors or cars backing out of concealed driveways.

Be extra careful at intersections and when preparing to pass other vehicles.

Familiarize yourself with all the bicycle's features. Practice gear shifts, braking, and the use of toe clips and straps, if fitted.

If you are wearing loose pants, use leg clips or elastic bands to prevent them from being caught in the chain. Wear proper riding attire and avoid open toe shoes.

Don't carry packages or passengers that will interfere with your visibility or control of the bicycle.

Don't use items that may restrict your hearing.

Do not lock up the brakes. When braking, always apply the rear brake first, then the front. The front brake is more powerful and if it is not correctly applied, you may lose control and fall.

Maintain a comfortable stopping distance from all other riders, vehicles and objects.

Safe braking distances and forces are subject to the prevailing weather conditions.

12

13

Wet Weather

IT IS RECOMMENDED TO NOT RIDE IN WET WEATHER

- In wet weather you need to take extra care.

- Brake earlier, you will take a longer distance to stop.

- Decrease your riding speed, avoid sudden braking and take corners with additional

caution.

- Be more visible on the road.

- Wear reflective clothing and use safety lights.

- Pot holes and slippery surfaces such as line markings and train tracks all become more

hazardous when wet.

IT IS RECOMMENDED TO NOT RIDE AT NIGHT

Night Riding

- Ensure bicycle is equipped with a full set of correctly positioned and clean reflectors.

- Use a properly functioning lighting set comprising of a white front lamp and a red rear lamp.

- If using battery powered lights, make sure batteries are well charged.

- Some rear lights available have a flashing mechanism which enhances visibility.

- Wear reflective and light colored clothing.

- Ride at night only if necessary. Slow down and use familiar roads with street lighting, if possible.

Pedaling Technique

- Position the ball of your foot on the center of the pedal.

- When pedaling, ensure your knees are parallel to the bicycle frame.

- To absorb shock, keep your elbows slightly bent.

- Learn to operate the gears properly.

Hill Technique

- Gear down before a climb and continue gearing down as required to maintain pedaling speed.

- If you reach the lowest gear and are struggling, stand up on your pedals. You will then obtain more power from

each pedal revolution.

- On the descent, use the high gears to avoid rapid pedaling.

- Do not exceed a comfortable speed; maintain control and take additional care.

Cornering Technique

Brake slightly before cornering and prepare to lean your body into the corner. Maintain the inside pedal at the 12 o'clock position and slightly point the inside knee in the direction you are turning. Keep the other leg straight, don't pedal through fast or tight corners.

Rules for Children

To avoid accidents, teach children good riding skills with an emphasis on safety from an early age. Children should be supervised by an adult.

1. Always wear a properly fitted helmet.

2. Do not play in driveways or the road.

3. Do not ride on busy streets.

4. Do not ride at night.

5. Obey all the traffic laws, especially stop signs and red lights.

6. Be aware of other road vehicles behind and nearby.

7. Before entering a street: Stop, look right, left, and right again for traffic. If there's no traffic, proceed into the roadway.

8. If riding downhill, be extra careful. Slow down using the brakes and maintain control of the steering.

9. Never take your hands off the handlebars, or your feet off the pedals when riding downhill.

14

15

DERAILLEUR GEARED BICYCLES

Includes 20", 24” and 26" Wheel Mountain Bikes

Assembly is the same for men’s and women’s bikes.

We recommend that you consult a bicycle specialist if you have doubts or concerns as to your experience or ability to properly assembly, repair, or maintain your bicycle.

Getting Started

Open the carton from the top and remove the bicycle. Remove the straps and protective wrapping from the bicycle. Inspect the bicycle and all accessories and parts for possible shortages. It is recommended that the threads and all moving parts in the parts package be lubricated prior to installation. Do not discard packing materials until assembly is complete to insure that no required parts are accidentally discarded.

Assemble your bicycle following the steps that pertain to your model.

Note: Your bicycle may be equipped with different style components than the ones illustrated.

Stem Bolt

Top Nut

Wedge

Binder Bolt

Minimum Insertion

Mark

Head Tube

Handlebars

Remove the protective cap from the handlebar stem wedge and loosen the Allen key bolt using the 6mm Allen key. Some models may use a

13mm hexagonal bolt instead of an Allen key bolt. Place the handlebar stem into the top of the head tube, ensuring that all cables are free of tangles. Tighten the stem bolt observing the minimum insertion mark and checking that the forks and the handlebars are facing forward. Check the headset for smooth rotation and that the top nut is secured tightly.

Loosen the 6mm Binder Bolt and rotate the handlebar forward so the levers are at a 45 degree angle below the handlebar. Retighten the

Binder Bolt to ensure the handlebar does not rotate in the stem.

Warning: Over tightening the stem bolt or headset assembly may cause damage to the bicycle and/or injury to the rider.

NOTE: Comfort Series (CS) bicycles may be equipped with a stem that has an adjustable angle.

In addition to the normal assembly, these stems will require angling the stem to the desired position, and securely tightening the 6mm angle bolt located in front of the stem bolt.

Failure to do this may cause loss of steering control.

Installed by factory

Compression Bolt

Top Cap

Stem Clamp Bolts

Spacer

Bearing Race

Bearing Retainer

Headset Wedge

Bearing Dust Cover

Star Nut

(Inside Steerer Tube)

Upper Headset Cup

Headtube

Tightening/Preloading Aheadset

Handlebar

Stem Cap

Bolts

Stem Cap

Stem Installation (Should be assembled on the bike already)

1. Insert the compression bolt through the top

cap and the stem. Begin threading into the

star nut.

2.Tighten compression bolt so it removes all

play from the fork, but allows the fork to rotate

smoothly.

3. Align the stem with the front wheel. Tighten

the stem clamp bolts to secure the stem to the

steerer tube.

Handlebar Installation

1. Remove the stem cap bolts and stem cap.

2. Insert handlebar into the stem cap.

3. Tighten the stem cap bolts equally. Note

the distance between the stem and stem cap:

It should be equal on the top and bottom of the

stem cap. A must be equal distance.

Bearing Retainer

Lower Headset Cup

Bearing Dust Cover

Headset Crown Race fork

16

Sunken Stem Bolt System

1. Remove the protective shipping cap from the stem wedge.

2. Remove the Stem Plug from the stem. Loosen the Stem Bolt

with a 6mm allen wrench.

3. Insert the stem into the headtube of the bicycle. Ensure that the

Minimum Insertion Line is below the top nut of the headset.

4. Align the stem and handlebar so it is in line with the front wheel.

5. Tighten the Stem Bolt with the 6mm allen wrench. Reinsert the

Stem Plug into the stem.

WARNING: MINIMUM INSERTION LINE MUST BE HIDDEN WITHIN

THE HEADTUBE OF THE BICYCLE.

17

If the stem is not inserted into the top nut to at least the “Minimum Insertion” mark, it is possible to over-tighten the stem bolt and damage the fork steerer tube. If these instructions are not followed, it could cause an unsafe condition and risk injury to the rider.

Check steering tightness prior to riding by straddling the front wheel. Try turning the handlebar. If you can turn it without turning the front wheel, the stem is too loose. Re-align the handlebar with the front wheel and re-tighten the stem bolt.

1.

19

2.

Crown

Crown

Steering Tube

Steering Tube

Blade

Fork Blade

Brake Boss

Drop-out

Brake Bridge

Brake Boss

Drop-out

Forks

There are two different types of forks that vary in styles and dimensions. One type is a rigid fork (Figure 1) consisting of stationary tubing with curved blades. The other type is a suspension fork (Figure 2) consisting of stanchion tubes riding on elastomers or springs inside of a straight fork leg.

This mechanism acts as a shock absorber with a specified amount of travel that varies between models. Some suspension forks are not adjustable and are very difficult to disassemble. If service is needed on a suspension fork, consult a professional bicycle repair technician.

Do not attempt to disassemble a suspension fork yourself. Consult a professional bicycle repair technician.

Check the tightness of the headset and the fork. Rotate the fork checking for smoothness. If it feels like the fork is binding, then an adjustment will need to be made to the headset. Move the fork in a push/pull manner checking for tightness. If any play is detected, loosen the top nut, adjust the bearing cup, and retighten the top nut. Recheck the rotation and tightness. If necessary, readjust until a smooth rotation is achieved without backward or forward movement. If your bike is equipped with a suspension fork, check that the fork compresses and rebounds smoothly. To do this, place the fork dropouts against the ground, push and release the handlebar. The fork will generally compress 1-2” and rebound quickly. Most elastomer type forks will gradually soften with use.

Seat

Clamp

Adjusting

Nut

Attach

Seat Here

Boot

Minimum

Insertion

Mark

Preload adjusting screw on underside

Seat

Post

Quick

Release

Insert this end into frame

Seat and Seat Post

Attach the seat to the seat post by loosening the nuts on the seat clamp. Insert the tapered end of the seat post into the seat clamp until it is at the top of the clamp.

Partially tighten the nuts on the seat clamp until the seat is snug, but can still be turned. Insert the seat assembly into the frame of the bicycle and adjust the seat to the proper height. The seat post must be inserted to at least the “Minimum Insertion” line marked on the seat post. If equipped with a quick release skewer; tighten the adjusting nut by hand and move the quick release lever to the closed position.

You should feel considerable resistance while moving the lever. If not, re-open and re-tighten the lever, then move it to the closed position so it is in line with the frame as pictured. If equipped with a binder clamp; Insure the lip on the binder clamp is fitted completely against the top of the seat tube of the frame. With the seat post inserted, tighten the binder bolt securely. Position the top of the seat parallel with the ground. Push the front of the seat up and down to firmly mesh the serrations together. The serrations must mesh completely together to insure a stabilized riding position. Securely tighten the nut on the seat clamp. If there is a nut on both sides of the clamp, tighten each one by alternating from one to the other. Check for tightness by twisting the seat from side to side, and from front to back. If the seat moves at the seat clamp or quick release, reposition and re-tighten the appropriate clamping mechanism.

NOTE: Comfort Series (CS) bicycles may be equipped with a suspension seat post (See Diagram-bottom left). Some suspension posts can be adjusted for stiffness using the preload adjusting screw. Turning the 6mm Allen screw Clockwise will decrease travel and make the suspension stiffer, while turning the 6mm Allen screw

Counter-clockwise will increase travel and make the suspension less rigid.

Note: In addition to normal assembly, please be aware that the preload adjusting screw must be flush with the bottom of the post. Some bicycles may come equipped with a shim that should be positioned over the lower half of the seat post and inserted into the seat tube of the frame. Failure to do this may cause irreparable damage.

The seat post must be inserted so that the minimum insertion mark cannot be seen. The quick release mechanism must be tightened securely to prevent a sudden shift of the seat when riding. Failure to do this may cause loss of bicycle control.

20

21

Dust

Cap

Pedals & Crank Set

Look for the letters “R” for right, and “L” for left, stamped on each pedal spindle. Start each pedal spindle by hand to avoid stripping the threads.

Tighten with a 15mm narrow open ended wrench. Note that the right hand pedal attaches to the chainwheel side crank arm with a right-hand

(clockwise) thread. The left pedal attaches to the other crank arm and has a left-hand (counter-clockwise) thread. It is very important that you check the crank set for correct adjustment and tightness before riding your bicycle. New cranks may become loose with initial use. Once the pedals have been installed, remove the dust caps from the center of each crank arm. Using a 14mm socket wrench, tighten the spindle nuts securely

(approx. 350 in. lbs.) and replace the dust caps.

Attachment of an incorrect pedal into a crank arm can strip pedal threads and cause irreparable damage. Before your first ride, please check to insure your pedals are attached correctly.

Adjusting

Nut

Quick Release

Axle

Quick

Release

Lever

Hub

Axle

Hub

Spring

Closed Position

Open Position

Front Wheel

Check the wheel hub before attaching it to the fork by rotating the threaded axle. It should be smooth with no lateral movement. Insert the front wheel into the fork dropouts. Tighten the wheel nuts using the appropriate 14mm or 15mm wrench. Spin the wheel checking for trueness. Some bicycles have wheel axles that incorporate a Quick

Release (QR) mechanism. This allows easy wheel removal without the need for tools. The mechanism uses a long bolt with an adjusting nut on one end, and a lever operating a cam-action tensioner on the other. If the wheel is fitted with a Quick Release type axle, turn the adjusting nut so that the locking lever is moved to the closed position with a firm action. At the halfway closed position of the quick release lever, you should start to feel some resistance to this motion. Do not tighten the quick release by using the quick release lever like a wing nut. If the quick release lever is moved to the closed position with no resistance, clamping strength is insufficient. Move the quick release lever to the open position, tighten the quick release adjusting nut, and return the quick release lever to the closed position.

Correct Quick Release Axle Setting

1. To set, turn the lever to the open position so that the curved part faces away from the bicycle.

2. While holding the lever in one hand, tighten the adjusting nut until it stops.

3. Pivot the lever towards the closed position. When the lever is halfway closed, there must be firm resistance to turn it beyond that point. If resistance is not firm, open the lever and tighten the adjusting nut in a clockwise direction.

4. Continue to pivot the lever all the way to the closed position so that the curved part of the lever faces the bicycle.

22

23

Cantilever

Brakes

Cable

End

2. Set the cable into

the straddle holder.

1

2

1. Install the cable into

the link wire.

5. The wheel is tightly secured when the serrated surfaces of the

quick release clamping parts actually begin to cut into the

bicycle frame/fork surfaces.

6. Note that the same procedure applies when operating a quick

release seat post binder mechanism.

7. Turn the bicycle upright using the kickstand to support it.

If you can fully close the quick release without wrapping your fingers around the fork blade for leverage, and the lever does not leave a clear imprint in the palm of you hand, the tension is insufficient. Open the lever, turn the adjusting, and try again.

Continue until the QR lever closes properly. Secondary retention devices are not a substitute for a correct quick release adjustment. Failure to properly adjust the quick release mechanism can cause the wheel to wobble or disengage, which could cause you to lose control and fall, resulting in serous injury or death.

Front Brake

Determine which type of brake your bike is equipped with and refer to the appropriate assembly instructions.

Cantilever Brakes - Utilizing a Link Wire

If fitted with cantilever type brakes, insert the brake cable into the link wire lead, and notch the cable end into the slot of the left brake arm.

Loosen the anchor bolt on the right brake arm and slide the brake cable under the tabbed washer. Squeeze both brake arms together so the brake shoes hit the rim, pull all slack out of the brake cable, and tighten the anchor bolt. With the cable fitted, the straddle holder should sit

10-20mm above the reflector bracket. Adjust the brake shoes using a

10mm wrench so that they are parallel with the rim and are positioned

1-2mm away from the rim. Several adjustments may be necessary to achieve the correct brake position.

3

3

3. Temporarily tighten the cable so that the link wire is at the position in the illustration.

Link Wire

2

1

3

1

To u c h i n g

Cable Anchor Bolt

Spring tension adjustment screw

Cable Casing Holder

2 4. Turn the spring tension adjustment screw so that the link wire comes to a position directly below the cable casing holder.

1 mm

1

5. Secure one of the shoes at a time.

The adjustment of the shoe clearance is not necessary at this time.

Shoe fixing nut tightening torque:

7.84 - 8.82 Nm (70 - 78 in. lbs.)

10 mm wrench

5 mm Allen key

6. If balance adjustment is necessary, adjust with the spring tension adjustment screw.

2

Cut off any unnecessary cable, attach an end cap, and hook it onto the notched part of the nut which secures the shoe.

End cap

2

1

24

25

Straddle

Cable

Brake

Pinch Bolt

Pivot

Brake

Noodle

Pivot

Bolt

90 o

Outer

Cable

Lead

Brake

Shoe

Brake

Cable

Boot

Brake Cable

Straddle Hanger

Straddle Cable

Cable

Anchor

Caliper Arm

Anchor

Bolt

Brake

Arm

Tension

Screw

Cantilever Brakes - Utilizing a Straddle Cable

The length of the straddle cable, the height of the straddle hanger, and the brake pad-to-caliper arm position all have an effect on braking power. Generally, the straddle cable bridge is set low and close to the tire for maximum braking force. The straddle cable should be high enough, however, to adequately clear the tire (and any debris that may stick to the tire) or to fit over the front reflector hanger. In the event of brake cable failure, the front reflector hanger would prevent the straddle cable from catching in the tire and locking up the front wheel. The straddle cable length (when adjustable) is set to transfer as much force to the brake pads as possible. For the most efficient transfer of force, the straddle cable and the line between the cantilever pivot and the cable anchor should form a right angle (90 degrees). If the force is not at a right angle, part of the force gets wasted in pulling on the brake post, which has no effect on braking.

V-Style Brakes

If not already assembled, take the brake noodle from the parts box and slide the cable through the larger opening. The cable housing will then seat into the end of the noodle. Slide the cable through the cable lead on the end of the left brake arm, this will cause the noodle to fit into the lead. Slip the brake cable boot over the cable and position it between both brake arms. Next, loosen the 5mm anchor bolt at the end of the right brake arm and slide the cable under the retaining washer. Pull the slack out of the cable making sure a distance of

39mm or more remains between the end of the lead and the start of the anchor bolt. Once the cable is secured to the brake arms, engage the brake lever several times, checking the position of the brake shoes at the rim. The brake shoes should be 1mm away from the rim when in a relaxed position. When the brake lever is engaged, the brake shoe should hit the rim flush (never the tire) with the front brake pad touching the rim slightly before the rear. This is called “toeing-in” your brake shoe. If this position is not achieved, adjustments to the brake shoe are required. Loosen the brake shoe hardware and reposition the brake shoe. It may take several shoe and cable adjustments before the required position is accomplished.

V - Brake

1.

If fitted with V-Brakes, insert the brake body into the center spring hole in the frame mounting boss, and then secure the brake body to the frame with the link fixing bolt.

2.

While holding the shoe against the rim, adjust the amount of shoe protrusion by interchanging the position of the B washers (i.e. 6 mm and 3 mm) so that dimension A is kept at 39 mm or more.

39 mm or more

A

5 mm Allen key

Spring hole

Stopper pin

Washer

Link fixing bolt

3 mm washer B 6 mm washer B

Shoe fixing nut

Washer A

Shoe fixing link

Washer A

Washer

26

27

3.

While holding the shoe against the rim, tighten the shoe fixing nut.

5.

Adjust the balance with the spring tension adjustment screws.

shoe fixing nut

5 mm Allen key

1mm

4.

Pass the inner cable through the inner cable lead. Set the cable with a clearance of 1mm between each brake pad and the rim, tighten the cable fixing bolt.

1 mm 1 mm

Spring tension adjustment screw

Spring tension adjustment screw

6.

Depress the brake lever about 10 times as far as the grip to check that everything is operating correctly and that the shoe clearance is correct before using the brakes.

Depress about

10 times

5 mm Allen key

1mm 1mm

Freewheel

Guide Pulley

Tension Pulley

High Gear

Adjustment Screw

Low Gear

Adjustment

Screw

L

H

Barrel

Adjuster

Outer side of Top Gear

Pulley Adjustment

Screw

Adjustment

Screws

SIS Cable Adjuster

Derailleur

Although the front and rear derailleurs are initially adjusted at the factory, you will need to inspect and readjust both before riding the bicycle.

Rear Derailleur

Begin by shifting the rear shifter to largest number indicated, disconnect the cable from the rear derailleur cable anchor bolt, and place the chain on the smallest sprocket.

Adjust the High limit screw so the guide pulley and the smallest sprocket are lined up vertically. Reconnect the cable, pull out any slack, and retighten the anchor bolt securely. Shift through the gears, making sure each gear achieved is done quietly and without hesitation. If necessary, use the barrel adjuster to fine tune each gear by turning it the direction you want the chain to go. For example, turning clockwise will loosen the cable tension and move the chain away from the wheel, while turning counter-clockwise will tighten cable tension and direct the chain towards the wheel. Shift the rear shifter to the gear one and place the chain on the largest cog.

Adjust the Low limit screw in quarter turn increments until the guide pulley and the largest cog are aligned vertically. Again, shift through each gear several times, checking that each gear is achieved smoothly. It may take several attempts before the rear derailleur and cable is adjusted properly.

Ensure all bolts are secured tightly and the chain does not fall off in either direction.

Rear Derailleur Side View

30

31

Cable Anchor Bolt

Outer Chainguide

Inner Chainguard

Low Adjusting Screw

High Adjusting

Screw

Chainguide clearance of

1-3mm

Front Derailleur

Shift both shifters to the smallest number indicated and place the chain on the corresponding cog and chainwheel. Disconnect the front derailleur cable from the cable anchor bolt.

Check the position of the front derailleur; it should be parallel with the outer chainwheel and clear the largest chainwheel by

1-3mm when fully engaged.

With the chain on the smallest chainwheel in front and the largest cog in back, adjust the Low limit screw so the chain is centered in the front derailleur cage. Reconnect the cable, pull any slack out, and tighten the anchor bolt securely. Shift the front shifter to the largest chainwheel. If the chain does not go onto the largest chainwheel, turn the high limit screw in 1/4 turn increments counter-clockwise until the chain engages the largest chainwheel. If the chain falls off the largest chainwheel, and into the pedals, you will need to turn the High limit screw in 1/4 turn increments clockwise until the chain no longer falls off.

Shift through every gear, using the barrel adjusters to fine tune each transition. The barrel adjuster for the front derailleur is located on the front shifter where the cable comes out of the shifter. Clockwise will loosen the cable tension and direct the chain closer to the frame while counter-clockwise will tighten the cable tension and direct the chain away from the frame.

Do not ride a bicycle that is not shifting properly. Overlooking proper adjustments may cause irreparable damage to the bicycle and/or bodily injury. Never move the shifter while pedaling backward, nor pedal backwards after having moved the shifter. This could jam the chain and cause serious damage to the bicycle and/or rider.

33

1

2

1

3 2

1

3

1. Attaching Bolt

2. Bushing

3. Shaft

Rear Pivots

The pivot assembly is a simple mechanism that allows the rear triangle to move up and down in combination with a rear suspension. Size, shape, and compounds will vary between models; however, operating principles are the same. A shaft will pivot inside of two bushings secured in place with bolts. Pivots should be kept clean and free from grime and should be disassembled and regreased at least once every riding season. Please note the drive side crank arm must be removed from the spindle before attempting to work on the pivot. Some models have two, small (2.5mm) Allen bolts on the underside of the bottom bracket shell. These must be removed before attempting to disassemble the pivot. After disassembling and cleaning, the shaft of the pivot assembly should be lightly coated with lithium-based grease, as well as the bushings and the threads of the attaching hardware.

Please remember: Never use WD-40™ to grease components. It is a degreaser that will not provide required lubrication and has a tendency to attract dust.

3

1. Pivot Assembly

2. Bottom Bracket Cup & Lockring

3. Rear Triangle

2

Saddle Bag

Reflector

Reflector

Frame Bag

Water bottle and cage

Reflector

Tighten both rear wheel axle nuts or the quick release mechanism securely. Failure to do this may cause the rear wheel to dislodge from the frame dropouts resulting in serious damage or injury.

Accessories

If your bike is supplied with a water bottle and cage, attach the cage to the bicycle using the Allen bolts provided.

Some bikes come equipped with a saddle bag or frame bag.

The saddle bag installs under the seat with the zipper facing the rear wheel. Undo the straps that wrap around the bag, thread them through the rails underneath the seat and secure around the bag. The smaller strap wraps around the seat post. Frame bags install at the apex of the top and seat tubes.

Secure the straps around each tube.

NOTE: The frame bag straps must not bind the cables. The straps must go around the frame only.

Other: Some 20” and 24” model bicycles come with a rear derailleur guard to protect the rear derailleur from damage. To install, remove the the rear wheel axle nut on the drive side, install the rear derailleur guard over the axle with the U-shaped guard pointing down, and retighten the axle nut. The guard will sit between the frame and the axle nut.

Reflectors

Attach the white reflector to the front reflector bracket and secure to the fork or handlebar using the hardware provided.

Attach the red reflector to the rear reflector bracket and secure to the frame or seat post, depending on the bracket style, with the hardware provided.

34

35

figure 1 figure 2

Fenders

Front Fender

The front fender is mounted at the fork crown. There are two ways in which to mount your front fender. The first is the caliper brake mounting system (see figure 1), and the second is the

10mm nut and bolt system (see figure 2). Identify the mounting system used on your bicycle and follow the given instructions for that particular type of mounting system.

1. Caliper Brake Mounting System

First remove the front wheel from your bicycle. Remove the

hex nut from the caliper brake bolt on the rear of the fork,

and slide the brake assembly from the fork. Place the fend-

er assembly onto the fork making sure the attachment holes

and fender bracket holes line up. Reattach the caliper

brake making sure that the brake arms are on each side of

the fender. Tighten the bolt until secure.

2. 10mm Nut and Bolt Mounting System

First remove the front wheel from your bicycle. Place the

fender assembly onto the fork making sure the attachment

holes and fender bracket holes line up. Attach the fender

with the 10mm hex bolt and nut. Tighten the bolt until secure.

figure 3 figure 4

Rear Fender

The rear fender is mounted at the seatstay brace. There are two ways in which to mount your rear fender. The first is the screw mounting system (see figure 3), and the second is the 10mm bolt and screw system (see figure 4). Identify the mounting system used on your bicycle and follow the given instructions for that particular type of mounting system.

1. Screw Mounting System

First remove the rear wheel. Place the fender assembly

between the stays, making sure the fender bracket holes

line up with those in the frame. Attach the fener by using

two screws to directly mount the fender onto the frame.

The mounts are located below the seat post and near the

rear of the crank. Tighten all screws until snug.

2. 10mm Bolt and Screw System

First remove the rear wheel. Place the fender assembly

between the stays, making sure the fender bracket holes

line up with those in the frame. Attach the fender by using

one screw to directly mount the fender onto the frame near

the crank. Next, use the 10mm hex bolt and nut to attach

the fender to the brace between the seat stays, near the

seat post. Tighten all bolts and screws until snug.

36

37

Final Check

- After all adjustments have been made, shift through every

gear several times at varying speeds. This will ensure all

your adjustments are correct and will allow you to pinpoint

any trouble areas. If you encounter any problems, refer to

the appropriate section and make any necessary adjustments.

- Check the tire pressure and inflate each tube to the recommended

psi as stated on the sidewall of the tire.

- Check that the kickstand operates smoothly and the

kickstand bolt is secured tightly.

- Finally, examine the bicycle. Make sure all accessories are

attached and all quick releases, nuts and bolts have been

tightened securely.

- Correct maintenance of your bicycle will ensure many years

of happy riding. Service your bicycle regularly by referring

to the relevant sections of this manual, OR take it to a

professional bicycle shop.

Remember: Always wear a helmet and obey all

traffic laws.

Never inflate a tire beyond the maximum pressure marked on the tire’s sidewall.

Exceeding the recommended pressure may blow the tire off the rim, which could cause damage to the bicycle and injury to the rider and bystanders.

Tighten both rear wheel axle nuts or the quick release mechanism securely. Failure to do this may cause the rear wheel to dislodge from the frame dropouts resulting in serious damage or injury.

SINGLE SPEED & BMX

Includes 16" and 20" BMX Bikes

Assembly is the same for boy’s and girl’s bikes.

Stem

Bolt

Stem Cap Binder Bolts

Minimum

Insertion Mark

Stem Wedge

Head

Tube

Four Bolt

Face

Plate four bolt face plate six bolt face plate

Six Bolt

Face

Plate

Foreword: Assembling a bicycle is an important responsibility. Proper assembly not only gives the rider more enjoyment of the bicycle; it also offers an important measure of safety.

Getting Started

Open the carton from the top and remove the bicycle. Remove the straps and protective wrapping from the bicycle. Inspect the bicycle and all accessories and parts for possible shortages. It is recommended that the threads and all moving parts in the parts package be lubricated prior to installation. Do not discard packing materials until assembly is complete to insure that no required parts are accidentally discarded. Assemble your bicycle following the steps that pertain to your model.

Note: Your bicycle may be equipped with different style components than the ones illustrated.

Handlebars

Remove the protective cap from the stem wedge and loosen the stem bolt using the 6mm Allen key. Some models may use a 13mm hexagonal bolt instead of an Allen key bolt. Place the handlebar stem into the head tube, observing the minimum insertion mark on the handlebar stem and ensuring that all cables are free of tangles. Check that the fork and the handlebar are facing forward, and that they are properly aligned with the front wheel. Tighten the stem bolt. Rotate the handlebar to the desired position. Tighten stem cap bolt 1 (see picture) two turns, tighten stem cap bolt 2 two turns and so on. Repeat until handle bar is secure to the stem. See picture for a 4 or 6-bolt system.

Also check that the stem binder bolts are tightened equally and securely.

The handlebar must be inserted so that the minimum insertion mark cannot be seen.

WARNING:

Over tightening the stem bolt or headset assembly may cause damage to the bicycle and/ or injury to the rider.

38

39

Seat

Loosen nut on the seat clamp and add 3 or 4 drops of oil onto the threads of the bolt. Place the smaller end of the seat post into the seat clamp until it stops with the bolt to the rear of the seat post. Thread the nut on the seat clamp loosely. Insert the larger end of the seat post into the seat tube of the bicycle frame observing the minimum insertion mark on the seat post. Position the top surface of the seat parallel with the ground. The serrations on the seat clamp must mesh completely with the seat frame serrations, push the front of the seat up and down to align the serrations. Securely tighten the seat clamp. Securely tighten the bolts on the seat post clamp. Turn the bicycle upside down and rest it on the seat and handlebars.

The seat pillar must be inserted so that the minimum insertion mark cannot be seen.

Pedals & Crank Set

Look for the letters “R” for right, and “L” for left, stamped on each pedal spindle. Start each pedal spindle by hand to avoid stripping the threads.

Tighten with a 15mm narrow open ended wrench. Note that the right hand pedal attaches to the chainwheel side crank arm with a right-hand (clockwise) thread. The left pedal attaches to the other crank arm and has a left-hand

(counter-clockwise) thread. It is very important that you check the crank set for correct adjustment and tightness before riding your bicycle. Once the pedals have been attached, check that the crank arm rotates smoothly and that there is no lateral movement.

Attachment of an incorrect pedal into a crank arm will cause irreparable damage.

Axle Nut

Retaining

Washer

Axle

Hub

Grip

Cone Nuts

Fork Drop Out

Brake Lever

Nipple

Step

Retaining

Washer

Ferrule

Cable

Adjusting

Barrel

Front Wheel

1. Make sure the brakes are loose enough to allow the wheel to

pass through the brake pads easily.

2. Place wheel into fork drop outs.

3. Install retaining washers with raised lip pointed towards the fork,

and insert into the small hole of the fork blade. NOTE: Some bikes

may have step retaining washers in place of the retaining washer

(shown in dotted box). If so, install the step retaining washer,

raised portion sliding in to the fork dropouts.

4. Install axle nut and tighten. Make sure the wheel is centered

between the fork blades.

5. Spin the wheel to make sure that it is centered and clears the

brake shoes. Tighten the brakes if necessary.

6. Turn the bicycle upright using the kickstand to support it.

It is very important to check the front wheel connection to the bicycle. Failure to properly tighten may cause the front wheel to dislodge.

Front Brake

Determine which type of brake your bike is equipped with and refer to the appropriate assembly instructions. A greater force is required to activate the rear brake due to longer cable length. It is advisable to mount the rear brake on the right handlebar. It is important to become familiar with the use of hand brakes. When properly adjusted, hand brakes are an efficient braking system. Keep the rim and brake shoes clean and free from wax, lubricants and dirt at all times. Keep brakes

properly adjusted and in good working condition at all times.

Open the brake lever and place the nipple end of the short brake cable into the lever, then close the lever. Secure the ferrule against the lever using the cable adjusting barrel.

Handlebar

40

41

Side Pull

Brakes

Brake

Arm

Fixing Nut in Back

Cantilever

Brakes

Cable

End

2. Set the cable onto the straddle holder.

1

2

Cable

Adjusting

Barrel

Center Bolt

Cable

Anchor

Nut

Side Pull Brake

Loosen the cable anchor nut and thread the brake cable through it.

Tighten the nut by hand until it holds the cable in place. Squeeze the brake arms together against the rim of the wheel. Loosen the nuts on the brake shoes and turn until they match the angle of the rim. Tighten the nuts securely. Pull down on the end of the brake cable with pliers, hold taut and securely tighten the cable anchor nut.

Spin the wheel, the brake shoes should not contact the rim at any point and should be an equal distance from the rim on both sides.

Make sure all nuts and bolts are securely tightened. Test the brake levers 20-25 times to take care of any initial cable stretch. Be sure to tightly secure the brake fixing nut behind the fork.

Brake Shoe

1. Install the cable into the cable carrier.

When assembling or adjusting the brakes, make sure the cable anchor is tight. Failure to securely tighten the nut could result in brake failure and personal injury.

Cantilever Brakes - Utilizing a Link Wire

If fitted with cantilever type brakes, insert the brake cable into the link wire lead, and notch the cable end into the slot of the left brake arm.

Loosen the anchor bolt on the right brake arm and slide the brake cable under the tabbed washer. Squeeze both brake arms together so the brake shoes hit the rim, pull all slack out of the brake cable, and tighten the anchor bolt. With the cable fitted, the straddle holder should sit 10-20mm above the reflector bracket. Adjust the brake shoes using a 10mm wrench so that they are parallel with the rim and are positioned 1-2mm away from the rim. Several adjustments may be necessary to achieve the correct brake position.

3

3

3. Temporarily tighten the cable so that the link wire is at the position in the illustration.

Link Wire

3

1

To u c h i n g

Cable Anchor Bolt

Spring tension adjustment screw

Cable Casing Holder

2 4. Turn the spring tension adjustment screw so that the link wire comes to a position directly below the cable casing holder.

1 mm

1

2

1

5. Secure one of the shoes at a time.

The adjustment of the shoe clearance is not necessary at this time.

Shoe fixing nut tightening torque:

7.84 - 8.82 Nm (70 - 78 in. lbs.)

10 mm wrench

5 mm Allen key

6. If balance adjustment is necessary, adjust with the spring tension adjustment screw.

2

Cut off any unnecessary cable, attach an end cap, and hook it onto the notched part of the nut which secures the shoe.

2

1

End cap

42

43

Straddle

Cable

Brake

Pinch Bolt

90 o

Pivot

Brake Cable

Straddle Hanger

Straddle Cable

Cable

Anchor

Caliper Arm

Cantilever Brakes - Utilizing a Straddle Cable

The length of the straddle cable, the height of the straddle hanger, and the brake pad-to-caliper arm position all have an effect on braking power. Generally, the straddle cable bridge is set low and close to the tire for maximum braking force. The straddle cable should be high enough, however, to adequately clear the tire (and any debris that may stick to the tire) or to fit over the front reflector hanger. In the event of brake cable failure, the front reflector hanger would prevent the straddle cable from catching in the tire and locking up the front wheel. The straddle cable length (when adjustable) is set to transfer as much force to the brake pads as possible. For the most efficient transfer of force, the straddle cable and the line between the cantilever pivot and the cable anchor should form a right angle (90 degrees). If the force is not at a right angle, part of the force gets wasted in pulling on the brake post, which has no effect on braking.

Brake pad aligned with the rim surface Pad and rim should be parallel Pad should be “toed-in”

1- 2 mm

0.5 - 1.0 mm

V - Brake

1.

If fitted with V-Brakes, insert the brake body into the center spring hole in the frame mounting boss, and then secure the brake body to the frame with the link fixing bolt.

2.

While holding the shoe against the rim, adjust the amount of shoe protrusion by interchanging the position of the B washers (i.e. 6 mm or 3 mm) so that dimension A is kept at 39 mm or more.

39 mm or more

A

5 mm Allen key

Spring hole

Stopper pin

Washer

Link fixing bolt

3 mm washer B 6 mm washer B

Shoe fixing nut

Washer A

Shoe fixing link

Washer A

Washer

44

45

3.

While holding the shoe against the rim, tighten the shoe fixing nut.

5.

Adjust the balance with the spring tension adjustment screws.

1 mm

5 mm Allen key

4.

Pass the inner cable through the inner cable lead. Set the cable with a clearance of 1mm between each brake pad and the rim, tighten the cable fixing bolt.

1 mm 1 mm

Spring tension adjustment screw

Spring tension adjustment screw

6.

Depress the brake lever about 10 times as far as the grip and check that everything is operating correctly and that the shoe clearance is correct before using the brakes.

Depress about

10 times

5 mm Allen key

B C

B + C = 2 mm

Front U-Brake

Rear U-Brake

Option 1

Rear U-Brake

Option 2

U-Brakes

Begin by adjusting the pads of the U-brakes using a 10mm wrench. Make sure the pad is hitting the rim and not the tire. Ideally the front of the pad should hit the rim approximately 1mm before the rear pad.

Front U-Brake

Slide the brake cable and housing through the Housing Barrel and through the cable anchor bolt. Set the cable clearance of 1mm between the brake pads and the rim. Tighten the cable anchor bolt. All instructions shown are if you are looking at the bike from the front. For brake adjustments, use a 13mm box end wrench and a 5mm allen wrench. Loosen the 5mm allen bolt. For the drive side (left) of the bike turn the spring tension nut with a 13mm box end wrench counter-clockwise to increase tension on the spring. For the non-drive side (right), turn spring tension nut with a box end wrench clockwise to increase tension on the spring. When the desired tension is achieved hold the tension nut with the 13mm wrench and tighten the 5mm allen bolt. The tension on each side should be equal so that the brake arms move the same distance when the brake is activated.

Rear U-Brake

Option 1: Next, tighten the Cable Carrier to the brake cable approximately 20mm from the brake arms when they are closed against the rim. Attach the Straddle cable to the carrier. Hook cable end into the brake slot, pull excess straddle cable through the cable anchor and tighten the cable anchor. Continue with “For Both

Options” below. Option 2: Place brake housing into the frame housing stops. Pull brake cable tightly and thread across through the opposite cable anchor bolt. Tighten cable. Repeat for other side. Continue with “For Both Options” below.

For Both Options: For brake adjustments, use a 13mm open end wrench and a

5mm allen wrench and loosen the 5mm allen bolt. For the drive side (right) of the bike turn the spring tension nut with a 13mm open end wrench counter clockwise to increase tension on the spring. For the non-drive side (left), turn the spring tension nut with a box end wrench clockwise to increase tension on the spring. When the desired tension is achieved, hold the tension nut with the 13mm wrench and tighten the 5mm allen bolt. The tension on each side should be equal so that the brake arms move the same distance when the brake is activated. PLEASE NOTE that some BMX frames have the U-Brake flipped and mounted below the seatstays. The direction to tension the springs will still be oriented to how the picture is oriented.

46

47

Figure 1

Blake Lever™ Cable Installation

1. Slide the covering plate back towards the brake lever. (Figure

1). Squeeze the brake lever so the cable roller is exposed.

2. Rotate out the cable roller. Push the lower cable roller assembly down towards the hinge assembly. The top plate should not move.

3. With one index finger hold the top plate and with the other index finger separate the lower cable roller assembly with the top plate.

4. Insert the brake cable around the lower cable roller assembly.

(Figure 2). Reassemble the lower cable roller assembly with the top plate. Be sure to pull the lower cable assembly up away from the hinge assembly. Make sure the cable roller is locked into place with the top plate.

5. Install the adjuster barrels into the proper slots.

6. Reattach the covering plate.

BMX & Children's Coaster Hub Brake

This type of brake is operated by applying back pedal pressure and allowing rider to "coast" when desired without pedalling. The internal mechanisms are complex and there are no consumer serviceable parts. However, make sure the brake arm is correctly and securely fastened to the chain stay with the brake arm clip.

Figure 2

Check your Brakes

Press each brake lever to make sure that there is no binding and that the brake pads press hard enough on the rims to stop the bike. The brake pads should be adjusted so they are 1mm to 2 mm away from the rim when the brakes are not applied. Brake pads should be centered on the rim and the rear portion of each brake pad should be about 0.5 - 1.0 mm farther from the rim than the front portion of the brake pad.

Do not ride the bicycle until the brakes are functioning properly. To test, apply the brakes while trying to push the bike forward to make sure they will stop the bicycle.

Rotors

Some freestyle BMX bicycles come equipped with a detangler system that will allow the handlebar to spin 360-degrees without binding the cables. It is very important that this system is adjusted correctly. Installation should only be done by a qualified bicycle mechanic with the correct tools.

Upper Cable

1. First connect the barrel end of the upper cable to the rear brake lever. Make sure the long cable casing is on top of the short cable casing; otherwise, the upper cable will have a twist in it.

2. Route the upper cable through the handlebars (below the crossbar) with the short cable casing on the same side as the rear brake lever.

3. Connect the upper cable to the upper plate by passing the football ends of the upper cable through the threaded holes in the upper plate and connecting them to the bearing.

4. Screw the adjusting barrels into the upper plate. Don’t tighten the locknuts at this time.

Lower Cable

1. Slide the cable casing through the cable guide on the frame.

2. Connect the lower cable to the lower plate by passing the football ends of the lower cable through the threaded holes in the lower plate and connecting them to the bearing.

3. Screw the adjusting barrels into the lower plate. Don’t tighten the locknuts at this time.

4. Connect the lower cable to the rear brake. Don’t adjust the rear brake at this time.

NOTE: Check to make sure all 11 cable casing ends on the upper and lower cables are seated correctly, and that the spring tension of the rear brake is pulling the bearing down.

Adjustment

1. Screw the cable adjusters on the rear brake lever and the upper cable splitter all the way in.

2. Screw the adjusting barrels in the upper plate in (or out) to set the bearing for maximum travel. The bearing should be as far down as it can go without resting on the lower plate or the adjusting barrels screwed into the lower plate.

3. Use the adjusting barrels that are screwed into the upper plate to make the bearing parallel to the upper plate. Use a 10mm wrench to tighten the locknut on the left adjusting barrel of the upper cable. Leave the right adjusting barrel loose.

4. Screw the lower cable adjusting barrel into (or out of) the lower plate until they are as close to the bearing as they can get without touching it.

5. Screw the cable adjuster on the upper cable splitter out until all slack is removed from the upper cable. Then screw the cable adjuster out one more turn to raise the bearing an additional 1mm away from the lower cable adjusting barrels.

CAUTION: Don’t screw the cable adjuster on the upper cable splitter out more than 8mm. Use the cable adjuster on the rear brake lever if more adjustment is needed.

6. Check for bearing flop by placing the handlebars in the normal riding position, then quickly rotate the handlebars back and forth. Perform the following steps to eliminate bearing flop.

NOTE: The bearing should never be allowed to rest on the lower plate or lower cable adjusting barrels. a) Screw the lower cable adjusting barrels out of (or

into) the lower plate until all bearing flop is eliminated. b) Tighten the locknut of the right adjusting barrel on the

lower cable. c) Rotate the handlebars 180 degrees and recheck for

bearing flop. If there is any bearing flop, use the

“loose” adjusting barrels on the upper and lower cable to

remove it. d) Repeat steps (6a) and (6c) until the handlebars can be

rotated 360 degrees without any bearing flop.

7. Finish adjusting the rear brakes.

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Barrel End

Failure to adjust correctly may result in loss of braking power and personal injury.

Single Cable Casing

Cable Adjuster

Cable Splitter

Upper Cable

(long casing)

Upper Cable

(short casing)

Upper Plate

37mm + or - 1mm

Bearing

Football Ends

Lower Plate

Lower Cable

Adjusting Barrel

Locknut

Set for Max. Travel

Keyed Washer

Minimum 1mm (1/32”)

Locknut

Adjusting Barrel

Non-Threaded

Axle Peg Assembly Instructions

Non-Threaded

First remove the axle nut from the wheel. There will be either a retaining washer or a step retaining washer included. Place this washer between the peg and the frame of the bicycle. Slide the peg onto the axle, followed by a flat washer and lastly the axle nut. Tighten the axle nut clockwise until the peg fits snugly against the frame or fork. Repeat for all the remaining pegs.

Threaded

Threaded

This style of peg is threaded to fit the axle. Make sure the axle nut is tight with a 15mm wrench. Place a screw driver through the mounting holes of the peg and attach the peg to the axle by turning clockwise. Tighten against the frame or fork for a snug fit.

Repeat for all the remaining pegs.

PLEASE NOTE: Not all axles are able to accept axle pegs.

Please consult the Dorel Service Department if you have any questions. Some BMX bicycles come with two or four pegs. If your bicycle is a Dirt Jumping style bicycle, you will receive only two pegs. These are designed for the front wheel. Freestyle bicycles come with four pegs, two for each wheel.

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Option 1

Training Wheels

There are two options when attaching the training wheels to the wheel brace. Determine which option is used on your bicycle and follow the given instructions for that option.

Option 1

First attach the training wheels to the wheel brace. Position a washer on the shoulder bolt. Next, insert the shoulder bolt through the wheel. Follow with another flat washer then completely thread a hex nut onto the shoulder bolt.

Insert the shoulder bolt through the wheel brace and set the washer on the shoulder bolt. Lock the training wheel into place by screwing another hex nut onto the shoulder bolt.

Repeat for both training wheels.

Option 2

First attach the training wheels to the wheel brace. Insert the shoulder bolt through the wheel. Follow with a flat washer. Insert the shoulder bolt through the wheel brace and set the washer on the shoulder bolt. Lock the training wheel into place by screwing another hex nut onto the shoulder bolt. Repeat for both training wheels.

It is very important to check the training wheel connection to the bicycle. Failure to properly tighten may cause the training wheel to dislodge. Please contact Dorel

Service Department with any questions.

Option 2

C-Shape

Attaching Training Wheel Brace to Bicycle

There are two different braces used to attach the training wheels to the bicycle: the C-Shape Brace and the Flat Brace.

Determine which brace was included with your bicycle and follow the given instructions for that particular brace.

C-Shape Brace

Remove the axle nut and washer from the rear wheel axle.

Place the brace stabilizer washer onto the axle and align the washer so that the notch on the washer fits into the rear frame drop out. Next, place the C-shaped wheel brace onto the axle and replace the washer and axle nut. Tighten the axle nut securely, making sure that the wheel brace stays in the proper vertical position. The elongated hole on the wheel brace allows the training wheel height to be adjusted for proper fit.

Flat Brace

Remove the axle nut and washer from the rear wheel axle.

Place the flat wheel brace onto the axle. Next place the brace stabilizer washer onto the axle and align it so that the notch fits into the rear frame drop out. Replace the washer and axle nut. Tighten the axle nut securely, making sure that the wheel brace stays in the proper vertical position. The elongated hole on the wheel brace allows the training wheel height to be adjusted for proper fit.

Flat

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Training Wheel Stabilizer Bracket

Your bicycle may include a stabilizer bracket to attach the training wheel to the bicycle.

First remove the nut and washer from the rear wheel axle.

Align the stabilizer bracket onto the brace. Align the brace and stabilizer bracket on the wheel axle. Replace the axle nut and washer, secure tightly. The elongated hole on the brace allows for raising and lowering the training wheel to the proper height.

NOTICE: Not all bicycles will accept training wheels. If your bike did not come stock with training wheels, please call

Dorel to help determine if after-market training wheels can be wheels can be attached.

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It is very important to check the training wheel connection to the bicycle. Failure to properly tighten may cause the training wheel to dislodge. Please contact Dorel Service Department with any questions.

Rear

Reflector

(Red)

Pads

Chainguard

Front

Reflector

(White)

Final Check

Install any additional parts that are supplied with your bike.

NOTE: Your bicycle may be equipped with different style components than the ones illustrated.

Reflectors: Attach the white reflector to the front bracket and the red reflector to the rear bracket using an 8mm wrench or a Phillips head screwdriver. Attach the brackets to the bicycle using the hardware provided. For some models, the front reflector bracket will be mounted on the front brake assembly bolt that fits through the fork. It is important to make sure all connections are tightened securely and that the reflectors are properly angled.

Pads: If your bike is supplied with pads, wrap the foam inner cushion around the appropriate bar. Place the outer cover over the inner cushion and press the velcro together securely. Turn the pad so the velcro faces the ground.

Chainguards: If not already attached, attach the chainguard to the bicycle frame using the clamps provided. Secure in place making sure the guard does not bind or get caught on the chain.

Tire Pressure: Check tire pressure, inflate to the range recommended on the tire sidewalls.

Pegs: There are many different types of pegs-too many to deal with individually in this manual. Please see your dealer for specific information regarding peg installation.

Before riding, ensure all nuts, bolts and fittings on the bicycle have been correctly tightened.

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Drivetrain

Freewheel

Cogs

Front Derailleur

Guide Pulley

Front Chainwheels

Crank Arm

Rear Derailleur

Pedal

Derailleur Control

Cable

GEARS - HOW TO OPERATE

Derailleur Gears

Most multi-speed bicycles today are equipped with what are known as derailleur gears. They operate using a system of levers and mechanisms to move the drive chain between different sized driving gears or cogs. The purpose of gears is to let you maintain a constant, steady pedaling pace under varying conditions. This means your riding will be less tiring without unnecessary straining up hills or fast pedaling down hill. Bicycles come with a variety of gear configurations from 5 to 27 speeds. A 5-6 speed bicycle will have a single front chainwheel, a rear derailleur, and 5 or 6 cogs on the rear hub. Bicycles with more gears will also have a front derailleur, a front chainwheel with

2-3 cogs, and up to 9 cogs on the rear hub.

Operating Principles

No matter how many gears, the operating principles are the same.

The front derailleur is operated by the left shift lever and the rear derailleur by the right. To operate you must be pedaling forward. You can not shift derailleur gears when you are stopped or when pedaling backwards. Before shifting ease up on your pedaling pressure. For a smooth gear change when approaching a hill, shift to a lower gear

BEFORE your pedaling speed slows down too much. When coming to a stop, shift to a lower gear first so it will be easier when you start riding again. If, after selecting a new gear position, you hear a slight rubbing noise from the front or rear gears, gently adjust the appropriate shifter using the barrel adjusters until the noise goes away. For optimal performance and extended chain life, it is recommended that you avoid using the extreme combinations of gear positions.

Front Low Gear Rear Low Gear

Hand Grip Shifters

Some bicycles are now being equipped with a shifting mechanism called Grip Shift™, which is built into the handlebar grips and does not make use of separate levers. The actuating mechanism is built into the inside part of the grip that the web of the thumb and index finger closes around. To select a lower gear, twist the right shifter toward you to engage a larger rear cog. You can shift one gear at a time by moving the Grip Shift™ one click, or through multiple gears by continued twisting. By twisting the left shifter forward or away from you, a smaller chainwheel can be selected. To select a higher gear, twist the right shifter forward or away from you to engage a smaller rear cog. To engage a larger front chainwheel, twist the left shifter towards you. Single shifts can be achieved by twisting one click at a time and multiple shifts by larger twists.

Front High Gear Rear High Gear

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Left hand lever Right hand lever

Left hand lever Right hand lever

Thumb Shifters (Top Mounted)

Most mountain style bicycles are equipped with shifters mounted on the top of the handlebars and operated by the thumbs. To select a lower, easier gear, shift to a bigger rear cog and a small chainwheel. Pull the left shifter back to operate the front derailleur, and push the right shifter forward to operate the rear derailleur. To select a higher, harder gear, shift to a smaller rear cog and a larger chainwheel. Push the left shifter forward for the front, and pull the right lever back for the rear.

Top Gear

(Harder)

Small rear sprocket

Large chainwheel

Left hand lever forward

Right hand lever back

Bottom Gear

(Easier)

Large rear sprocket

Small chainwheel

Left hand lever back

Right hand lever forward

Below the Bar Shifters

Many mountain style bicycles now use a shift lever arrangement mounted on the underside of the handlebars, which use two levers operated by the thumb and index finger. To select a lower gear push the larger (lower) right shifter with your thumb to engage a larger rear cog. One firm push shifts the chain one cog, continuing to push will move the chain over multiple cogs. Pulling the smaller (upper) left shifter with your index finger moves the chain from a larger to a smaller chainwheel. To select a higher gear pull the smaller (upper) right lever with your index finger to engage a smaller rear cog. Pushing the larger

(lower) left lever with your thumb will move the chain from a smaller to a larger chainwheel.

Check your Brakes

Press each brake lever to make sure that there is no binding and that the brake pads press hard enough on the rims to stop the bike. The brake pads should be adjusted so they are 1 mm to 2 mm away from the rim when the brakes are not applied. Brake pads should be centered on the rim and “toed-in” so the rear portion of each brake pad is about 0.5

- 1.0 mm farther from the rim than the front portion of the brake pad.

Brake pad aligned with the rim surface Pad and rim should be parallel. Direction of rim rotation

1- 2 mm

0.5 - 1.0 mm

Do not ride the bicycle until the brakes are functioning properly. To test, apply the brakes while trying to push the bike forward to make sure they will stop the bicycle.

Never ride a bicycle that is not functioning properly.

Do not lock up brakes. Sudden or excessive application of the front brake may pitch the rider over the handlebars, causing serious injury or death. When braking, always apply the rear brake first, then the front.

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Maintenance and Lubrication

The following procedures will help you maintain your bicycle for years of enjoyable riding.

For painted frames, dust the surface and remove any loose dirt with a dry cloth. To clean, wipe with a damp cloth soaked in a mild detergent mixture. Dry with a cloth and polish with car or furniture wax. Use soap and water to clean plastic parts and rubber tires. Chrome plated bikes should be wiped over with a rust preventative fluid.

Store your bicycle under shelter. Avoid leaving it in the rain or exposed to corrosive materials.

Riding on the beach or in coastal areas exposes your bicycle to salt which is very corrosive. Wash your bicycle frequently and wipe or spray all unpainted parts with an anti-rust treatment. Make sure wheel rims are dry so braking performance is not affected. After rain, dry your bicycle and apply anti-rust treatment.

If the hub and bottom bracket bearings of your bicycle have been submerged in water, they should be taken out and re-greased. This will prevent accelerated bearing deterioration.

If paint has become scratched or chipped to the metal, use touch up paint to prevent rust. Clear nail polish can also be used as a preventative measure.

Regularly clean and lubricate all moving parts, tighten components and make adjustments as required.

Please go to your dealer or to a bicycle technician for proper adjustments and maintenance.

WHEELS AND TIRES

Wheel Inspection

It is most important that wheels are kept in top condition. Properly maintaining your bicycle's wheels will help braking performance and stability when riding. Be aware of the following potential problems:

•Dirty or greasy rims:

Caution: These can render your brakes ineffective. Do not clean them with oily or greasy materials. When

cleaning, use a clean rag or wash with soapy water, rinse and air dry. Don't ride while they're wet.

When lubricating your bicycle, don't get oil on the rim braking surfaces.

•Wheels not straight:

Lift each wheel off the ground and spin them to see if they are crooked or out of true. If wheels are not straight, they will need to be adjusted. This is quite difficult and is best left to a bicycle specialist.

•Broken or loose spokes:

Check that all spokes are tight and that none are missing or damaged.

Caution: Such damage can result in severe instability and possibly an accident if not corrected.

Again, spoke repairs are best handled by a specialist.

•Loose hub bearings:

Lift each wheel off the ground and try to move the wheel from side to side.

Caution: If there is movement between the axle and the hub, do not ride the bicycle. Adjustment is required.

•Axle nuts:

Check that these are tight before each ride.

•Quick release:

Check that these are set to the closed position and are properly tensioned before each ride.

Caution: Maintain the closed position and the correct adjustment. Failure to do so may result in serious injury.

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Tire Inspection

Tires must be maintained properly to ensure road holding and stability. Check the following areas:

Inflation: Ensure tires are inflated to the pressure indicated on the tire sidewalls. It is better to use a tire gauge and a hand pump than a service station pump.

Caution: If inflating tires with a service station pump, take care that sudden over inflation does not

cause tire to blow out.

Bead

Seating: When inflating or refitting tire, make sure that the bead is properly seated in the rim.

Tread: Check that the tread shows no signs of excessive wear or flat spots, and that there are no cuts or other damage.

Valves:

Caution: Excessively worn or damaged tires should be replaced.

Make sure valve caps are fitted and that valves are free from dirt. A slow leak caused by the entry of the dirt can lead to a flat tire, and possibly a dangerous situation.

Recommended Tire pressures:

The recommended pressure molded on the sidewall of your bicycle tires should match the following chart.

Use this as a general guide.

BMX

MTB

Road Touring

Road Racing

Hybrid/Crossbike

35-50 p.s.i.

40-65 p.s.i.

70-90 p.s.i.

110-125 p.s.i.

60-100 p.s.i.

Lock

Washer

Hub Body

Axle

Lock Nut

Ball Bearings

Bearing

Cone

Hub Bearing Adjustment

When checked, the hub bearings of either wheel will require adjustment if there is any more than slight side play.

Washer

Axle Nut

1. Check to make sure neither locknut is loose.

2. To adjust, remove wheel from bicycle and loosen the locknut on

one side of the hub while holding the bearing cone on the same

side with a flat open end wrench.

3. Rotate the adjusting cone as needed to eliminate free play.

4. Re-tighten the locknut while holding the adjusting cone in position.

5. Re-check that the wheel can turn freely without excessive side play.

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Max. Height/

Minimum Insertion

Mark

HANDLEBARS AND STEM

Handlebar Stem

The handlebar stem fits into the steering column and is held firm by the action of a binder bolt and stem bolt wedge which, when tightened, binds with the inside of the fork steerer tube.

When removing the stem, loosen the stem bolt two or three turns, then give it a tap to loosen the wedge inside.

Lubricate by first wiping off any old grease and grime, then applying a thin film of grease to the part, including the wedge, that will be inserted into the frame.

The height of the handlebar can be adjusted to suit your comfort preference.

If the stem is removed from the steering column, you will notice a mark about 65mm up from the bottom with the words “max. height” or

“minimum insertion".

Handlebar Binder Bolt

Handlebar Clamp Bolts

Stem Bolt

Max. Height/

Min. Insertion Mark

Stem Bolt Wedge

Never ride a bicycle if the stem has been raised so that the max. height/ minimum insertion line can be seen.

Warning: Over tightening the stem bolt or headset assembly may cause damage to the bicycle and/or injury to the rider.

Grip

Handlebar

Stem Bolt

Handlebar Stem

Stem Bolt Wedge

When re-fitting the stem, make sure the handlebars are correctly aligned and tightened using the appropriate hex wrench or allen key.

Do not over tighten.

Test the security of the handlebar within the stem, and the stem within the fork steerer tube, by clamping the front wheel between your knees and trying to move the handlebar up and down, and from side to side. The handlebar should not move when applying turning pressure.

MTB Handlebar Assembly

Make sure handlebars and fork are facing forward

Note, curved rake of fork faces forward

Handlebars

The exact positioning of the handlebar is a matter of personal comfort. For MTB bicycles, the bar should be approximately horizontal, with the ends pointing back and slightly up. On BMX bicycles, the handlebar should remain in an approximately upright position but can be angled back or forward slightly for comfort. On

MTB and racing style bicycles, the handlebar is usually tightened in the stem by a single allen key bolt or hexagonal bolt. On BMX style bicycles there may be four clamping bolts.

Please note that if you need to replace the fork on your bicycle at any time, please consult a qualified bicycle technician.

Never ride unless the handlebar clamping mechanism has been securely tightened.

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Cables and Cable Housing

Cables and housing are one of the most overlooked parts on the bicycle. The first indication that your cables and housing need to be replaced is an increased amount of pressure needed to operate the brakes or shifters. Before every ride, check that there are no kinks or frays in the cables and housing. Also check that the housing is seated properly into each cable stop of the bicycle. It is recommended that the cables and housing are replaced at least every riding season to prolong the life of your bike.

Do not ride a bicycle that is not operating properly.

good cable kink fray

Seat Fixing Bolt

Micro Adjustable

Seat Post

Seat Post

Binder Bolt

SADDLE AND SEAT POST

Inspection

The seat fixing bolt and the seat post binder bolt should be checked for tightness and adjustment every month. On removing the seat post from the frame, you will notice a mark about 65mm up from the bottom with the words “max. height” or “minimum insertion”.

To avoid damage to either the seat post, the frame or possibly the rider, the minimum insertion mark must be inside the frame.

Lubrication

Remove the seat post from the frame and wipe off any grease, rust or dirt. Then apply a thin film of new grease to the part that will be inserted into the frame. Re-insert, adjust and tighten the seat post in the frame.

Seat Clamp Nut

Standard

Seat Post

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Adjustment

The seat can be adjusted in height, angle and distance from the handlebars to suit the individual rider.

Saddle angle is a matter of personal preference but the most comfortable position will usually be found when the top of the seat is almost parallel to the ground, or slightly raised at the front.

The saddle can also be adjusted by sliding it forward or back along the mounting rails to obtain the most comfortable reach to the handlebars.

When fitting, position the seat post into the clamp under the seat and place it in the frame without tightening. Adjust it to the desired angle and position, and tighten the clamping mechanism.

There are two types of seat clamps commonly in use. The most common employs a steel clamp with hexagonal nuts on either side to tighten. The other type, known as a micro-adjustable clamp, uses a single vertically mounted

Allen head fixing bolt to tighten. After fixing the seat to the desired position on the post, adjust the height to the required level and tighten the binder bolt.

Note that the type of binder bolt may be either a hexagonal bolt, an Allen head bolt or a quick release mechanism.

Test the security by grasping the seat and trying to turn it sideways. If it moves, you will need to further tighten the binder bolt.

Note: Remember that the minimum insertion mark must remain inside the frame assembly.

BRAKES

The correct adjustment and operation of your bicycle's brakes is extremely important for safe operation. Brakes should be checked for effective operation before every ride. Frequent checking of adjustment is necessary as the control cables will stretch and the brake pads will become worn with use.

Never ride a bicycle unless the brakes are functioning properly.

There are two types of hand operated bicycle brakes in common use: sidepull calipers and cantilever calipers.

Both utilize a handlebar mounted lever which controls a cable to operate the brake. Sidepull brakes are mounted to the frame or fork via a single pivot point. Cantilever brakes use two brake pivot arms, each mounted on separate pivots on either side of the frame/fork.

Brake Cable

Brake Arm

Straddle Cable

Cantilever Brakes

Inspection

Brake levers should be checked for tightness at least every three months. They should be set in a comfortable position within easy reach of the rider's hands, and must not be able to move on the handlebar. Some brake levers make use of a reach adjustment screw, which can be altered to the distance between the handlebar grip and the lever, as required. The brake pads should be checked for correct positioning and tightness before every ride, and the various bolts and nuts at least every three months. Squeeze each brake lever to make sure they operate freely and that the brake pads press hard enough on the rims to stop the bike. There should be about 1mm - 2mm clearance between each pad and the rim when the brakes are not applied. The brake pads must be properly centered for maximum contact with the rim. Replace the brake pads if they are over worn so that the grooves or pattern cannot be seen. The brake cable wires should be checked for kinks, rust, broken strands or frayed ends. The outer casing should also be checked for kinks, stretched coils and other damage. If the cables are damaged, they should be replaced.

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Some brakes have a quick release mechanism to allow easier wheel removal. Whenever you adjust the brakes, make sure the quick release mechanism is in the closed position.

Never ride unless the quick release is firmly locked in the closed position.

Brake Lever

Brake Lever Housing

Barrel Adjuster

Center Bolt

Brake Shoe

Barrel Adjuster

Lock nut

Fixing Nut in Back

Side-Pull Brakes

Lubrication

The brake lever and brake caliper pivot points should be oiled with

2-3 drops of light oil at least every three months to ensure smooth operation and to reduce wear. Cables should be greased along their entire length, after removing them from their casings, at least every six months. Always grease new cables before fitting.

Cable

Anchor

Bolt

Adjustment - Sidepull Brakes

Minor brake adjustment can be made via the cable adjusting barrel, usually located at the upper cable arm. To adjust, squeeze the brake pads against the rim, loosen the lock nut and turn the adjuster Brake pad clearance should be a maximum 2mm from the rim. When correct, re-tighten the lock nut. If the pads cannot be set close enough to the rim in this manner, you may have to adjust the cable length. Screw the barrel adjuster 3/4 of the way in, squeeze the pads against the rim, undo the cable anchor bolt and pull the cable through with pliers. Re-tighten the cable anchor bolt and apply full force to the brake lever to test, then fine tune using the barrel adjuster. If one pad is closer to the rim than the other, loosen the fixing nut at the back of the brake, apply the brake to hold it centered, and re-tighten the fixing nut.

Ensure the Brake fixing nut is secured tightly.

Failure to do this may cause the Brake assembly to dislodge from the fork.

Brake Cable

Brake Arm

Straddle bridge

Straddle Cable

Cantilever Calipers

2mm clearance

Fully Adjustable Brake Shoes

Curved

Adjustment

Washer

Parallel

Curved

Adjustment

Washer

Some brakes have a special mechanism which enables you to set the clearance on either side of the rim using a screwdriver. Brake pads should finally be adjusted so that the leading edge of the pad makes first contact with the rim. Some brakes have special curved washers to allow this, but on less complex models it will be necessary to apply a little force to the pad and its mounting.

Adjustment - Cantilever Brakes

Minor brake adjustment can be made via the barrel cable adjusters which are located on each brake lever. To adjust, squeeze the brake pads against the rim, loosen the lock nut, and turn the adjuster to pull the brake pads closer to, or spread them away from the rim as required.

Brake pad clearance should be a maximum 2mm from the rim.

When correct, re-tighten the lock nut. If the pads cannot be set close enough to the rim in this manner, you may have to adjust either the length of the straddle cable or the length of the brake cable.

If the brakes use a separate brake cable and straddle cable, adjust the straddle length by first screwing the barrel adjuster 3/4 of the way in, then loosening the straddle cable fixing bolt, then pulling or pushing the cable through the fixing bolt to adjust the length, and finally re-tightening the fixing bolt.

Check that the straddle bridge is in the middle of the cable to ensure even brake pad contact. Apply full force to the brake lever to test, then fine tune using the barrel adjuster.

To adjust the brake cable length, loosen the brake cable fixing bolt on the cable straddle bridge, adjust the length until the brake shoes are the correct distance from the rim, then re-tighten and test.

Parallel

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Tread Tread Worn Off

Usable Brake Shoe Worn Out Brake Shoe (Replace)

Align brake shoe with rim surface

Direction of rim rotation

Brake Shoe Holding Nut

On some newer type cantilever brakes, the main brake cable continues through the central cable carrier to an anchor bolt on one of the brake arms. A shorter link cable reaches from the carrier and the hook on the other brake arm. Adjustment of the cable length is made after loosening the anchor bolt on the brake arm.

Adjust the brake pad position so that it is parallel to the wheel rim and so that the leading edge makes first contact. To do this, fit an

Allen key into the brake pad holding bolt, loosen the fixing nut and adjust. Move the brake pad along its mounting post to alter the distance from the rim, and move the curved adjustment washer to alter the angle of the pad.

On some models there is a spring-force adjustment screw on the brake arm which allows further fine tuning of the brake shoe position.

Bicycles with cantilever brakes must be fitted with safety devices to prevent a possible accident in the event of the brake control cable or the straddle bridge becoming loose or breaking while riding. These are usually the reflector brackets, and must be fitted in the front and rear. The bracket will prevent the straddle cable from interfering with the wheel should the cable become disconnected from the control cable. If the reflector brackets are not fitted in this position, then alternative emergency cable safety stops must still be fitted

BMX & CHILDREN'S COASTER HUB BRAKE

The internal mechanisms are complex and there are no consumer serviceable parts. Consult a professional bicycle repair technician..

0.5 - 1.0 mm

QUICK RELEASE LEVERS

It is important to check the quick release levers before every ride to ensure all connections are made properly and securely. When reinstalling, it is very important to ensure the connections are made properly.

REFLECTORS

Your bicycle is supplied with one front (white), one rear (red), two wheel (white), and two pedal (orange) reflectors. These are an important safety and legal requirement, and should remain securely fitted and in good, clean conditions at all times. Periodically, inspect all reflectors, brackets and mounting hardware for signs of wear or damage. Replace immediately if damage is found.

Reflectors

Reflectors

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Storage

Keep your bicycle in a dry location away from the weather and the sun. Ultraviolet rays may cause paint to fade or rubber and plastic parts to crack. Before storing your bicycle for a long period of time, clean and lubricate all components and wax the frame. Deflate the tires to half pressure and hang the bicycle off the ground. Don't store near electric motors as ozone emissions may effect the rubber and paint. Don't cover with plastic as "sweating” will result which may cause rusting.

Security

It is advisable that the following steps be taken to prepare for and help prevent possible theft.

1. Maintain a record of the bicycle’s serial number, generally located

on the frame underneath the bottom bracket.

2. Register the bicycle with the local police.

3. Invest in a high quality bicycle lock that will resist hack saws and

bolt cutters. Always lock your bicycle to an immovable object if it

is left unattended.

Correct routine maintenance of your new bike will ensure:

Smooth running - Longer lasting components - Safer riding - Lower running costs

Every time you ride your bicycle, its condition changes. The more you ride, the more frequently maintenance will be required. We recommend you spend a little time on regular maintenance tasks. If you require assistance, we recommend you see a bicycle specialist.

Schedule 1 - Lubrication

Frequency

Weekly

Monthly

Component

chain derailleur wheels derailleurs brake calipers brake levers shift levers

Every Six Months

Yearly

freewheel brake cables bottom bracket pedals derailleur cables wheel bearings headset seat pillar

Lubricant

chain lube or light oil chain lube or light oil oil oil oil lithium based grease oil lithium based grease lithium based grease lithium based grease lithium based grease lithium based grease lithium based grease lithium based grease

How to Lubricate

brush on or squirt brush on or squirt oil can

3 drops from oil can

2 drops from oil can at Bicycle Technician

2 squirts from oil can at Bicycle Technician at Bicycle Technician at Bicycle Technician at Bicycle Technician at Bicycle Technician at Bicycle Technician at Bicycle Technician

Note: The frequency of maintenance should increase with use in wet or dusty conditions. Do not over lubricate - remove excess lubricant to prevent dirt build up. Never use a degreaser (WD-40™) to lubricate your chain.

74

75

Problem

Gear shifts not working properly

Slipping chain

Chain jumping off freewheel sprocket or chainring

Constant clicking noises when pedaling

Grinding noise when pedaling

Possible Cause

- Derailleur cables

sticking/stretched/damaged

- Front or rear derailleur not adjusted

properly

- Indexed shifting not adjusted properly

- Excessively worn/chipped chainring

or freewheel sprocket teeth

- Chain worn/stretched

- Stiff link in chain

- Non compatible chain/chainring/

freewheel

- Chainring out of true

- Chainring loose

- Chainring teeth bent or broken

- Rear or front derailleur side-to-side

travel out of adjustment

- Stiff chain link

- Loose pedal axle/bearings

- Loose bottom bracket axle/bearings

- Bent bottom bracket or pedal axle

- Loose crankset

- Pedal bearings too tight

- Bottom bracket bearings too tight

- Chain fouling derailleurs

- Derailleur jockey wheels

dirty/binding

Remedy

- Lubricate/tighten/replace cables

- Adjust derailleurs

- Adjust indexing

- Replace chainring, sprockets and

chain

- Replace chain

- Lubricate or replace link

- Seek advice at a bicycle shop

- Re-true if possible, or replace

- Tighten mounting bolts

- Repair or replace chainring/set

- Adjust derailleur travel

- Lubricate chain / Adjust chain link

- Adjust bearings/axle nut

- Adjust bottom bracket

- Replace bottom bracket axle or

pedals

- Tighten crank bolts

- Adjust bearings

- Adjust bearings

- Adjust chain line

- Clean and lubricate jockey wheels

?

?

?

?

Problem

Freewheel does not rotate

Brakes not working effectively

When applying the brakes they squeal/squeak

Knocking or shuddering when applying brakes

Wobbling wheel

Possible Cause

- Freewheel internal pawl pins are

jammed

- Brake blocks worn down

- Brake blocks/rim greasy, wet or dirty

- Brake cables are

binding/stretched/damaged

- Brake levers are binding

- Brakes out of adjustment

- Brake blocks worn down

- Brake block toe-in incorrect

- Brake blocks/rim dirty or wet

- Brake arms loose

- Bulge in the rim or rim out of true

- Brake mounting bolts loose

- Brakes out of adjustment

- Fork loose in head tube

- Axle broken

- Wheel out of true

- Hub comes loose

- Headset binding

- Hub bearings collapsed

- QR mechanism loose

Remedy

- Lubricate. If problem persists,

replace freewheel

- Replace brake blocks

- Clean blocks and rim

- Clean/adjust/replace cables

- Adjust brake levers

- Center brakes

- Replace blocks

- Correct block toe-in

- Clean blocks and rim

- Tighten mounting bolts

- True wheel or take to a bike shop

for repair

- Tighten bolts

- Center brakes and/or adjust brake

block toe-in

- Tighten headset

- Replace axle

- True wheel

- Adjust hub bearings

- Adjust headset

- Replace bearings

- Adjust QR mechanism

76

77

Problem

Steering not accurate

Frequent punctures

Possible Cause

- Wheels not aligned in frame

- Headset loose or binding

- Front forks or frame bent

- Inner tube old or faulty

- Tire tread/casing worn

- Tire unsuited to rim

- Tire not checked after previous

puncture

- Tire pressure too low

- Spoke protruding into rim

Remedy

- Align wheels correctly

- Adjust/tighten headset

- Take bike to a bike shop for possible

frame realignment

- Replace Inner tube

- Replace tire

- Replace with correct tire

- Remove sharp object embedded

in tire

- Correct tire pressure

- File down spoke

?

LIMITED WARRANTY

AND POLICY ON REPLACEMENT PROCEDURES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Your purchase includes the following warranty which is in lieu of all other express warranties. This warranty is valid only to the initial purchaser. No warranty registration is required. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may have other rights which vary from province to province.

FRAME

S t e e l rf a m e s a r e g u a r a n t e e d a g a i n s t f a u tl y m a t e ir a l s a n d w o r k m a n s h i p f o r a s l o n g a s t h e i n i it a l p u r c h a s e r h a s t h e b i c y c l e , s u b j e c t t o t h e c o n d i it o n o f t h e w a r r a n t y il s t e d b e l o w .

Aluminum and dual suspension frames are guaranteed against manufacturing defects for a period of 5 years. If frame failure should occur due to faulty materials or workmanship during the guarantee period, the frame will be replaced. For frame replacement under this Limited Warranty, contact us, stating the nature of the failure, model number, date purchased and the name of the store from which the bike was purchased, at the address given on page. Frame must be returned for inspection at customer's expense. Please note: the fork is not part of the frame. A lifetime warranty on your frame does not guarantee that the product will last forever. The length of the useful life cycle will vary depending on the type of bike, riding conditions and care the bicycle receives. Competition, jumping, downhill racing, trick riding, trial riding, riding in severe conditions or climates, riding with heavy loads or any other non-standard use can substantially shorten the useful product life cycle. Any one or a combination of these conditions may result in an unpredictable failure that is not covered by this warranty. All bicycles and frame sets should be periodically checked by an authorized dealer for indications of potential problems, inappropriate use or abuse. These are important safety checks and are very important to help prevent accidents, bodily injury to the rider and shortened useful product life cycle.

PARTS

All other parts of the unit except Normal Wear Parts are warranted against defective materials and workmanship for a period of 1 year from the date of purchase by the initial purchaser, subject to the Terms and Conditions of the warranty listed below. If failure of any part should occur due to faulty materials or workmanship during the warranty period, the part will be replaced. All warranty claims must be submitted to the address below and must be shipped prepaid and accompanied by proof of purchase. Any other warranty claims not included in this statement are void. This especially includes installation, assembly, and disassembly costs. This warranty does not cover paint damage, rust, or any modifications made to the bicycle. Normal Wear Parts are defined as grips, tires, tubes, cables, brake shoes and saddle covering. These parts are warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship as delivered with the product. Any claim for repair or replacement of Normal Wear Parts (grips, tubes, tires, cables, brake shoes and saddle covering) and missing parts must be made within thirty (30) days of the date of purchase. The warranty does not cover normal wear and tear, improper assembly or maintenance, or installation of parts or accessories not originally intended or compatible with the bicycle as sold. The warranty does not apply to damage or failure due to accident, abuse, misuse, neglect, or theft. Claims involving these issues will not be honored.

CONDITIONS OF WARRANTY

1. Your bicycle has been designed for general transportation and recreational use, but has not been designed to withstand abuse associated with stunting and jumping.

This warranty ceases when you rent, sell, or give away the bicycle, ride with more than one person, or use the bicycle for stunting or jumping.

2. This warranty does not cover ordinary wear and tear or anything you break accidentally or deliberately.

3. It is the responsibility of the individual purchaser to assure that all parts included in the factory-sealed carton are properly installed, all functional parts are initially adjusted properly, and subsequent normal maintenance services and adjustments necessary to keep the bicycle in good operating condition are properly made.

This warranty does not apply to damage due to improper installation of parts or failure to properly maintain or adjust the bicycle. NOTICE: Bicycle specifications subject to change without notice.

Contact Us:

1-631-780-5360

Fax : 1-631-780-5358

East Coast Cycle Supply

Sunday: 10:00 a.m. - Midnight EST.

(CLOSED Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day)

[email protected]

[email protected]

78

Americano

®

Bicycles Found Only At:

Performance Bicycle

®

Stores Nationwide and PerformanceBike.com

Bicycle Owner’s Manual

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