Specifications | Crown Audio ce 4000 Stereo Amplifier User Manual

CE Series
Operation Manual
CE 4000
Obtaining Other Language Versions: To obtain information in another language about the use of this product, please contact your
local Crown Distributor. If you need assistance locating your local distributor, please contact Crown at 574-294-8000.
This manual does not include all of the details of design, production, or variations of the equipment. Nor does it cover every possible
situation which may arise during installation, operation or maintenance.
The information provided in this manual was deemed accurate as of the publication date. However, updates to this information may have
occurred. To obtain the latest version of this manual, please visit the Crown website at www.crownaudio.com.
Trademark Notice: Amcron, BCA and Crown are registered trademarks of Crown International. Other trademarks are the property
of their respective owners.
Some models may be exported under the name Amcron.®
©2003 by Crown Audio Inc. P.O. Box 1000, Elkhart, Indiana 46515-1000 U.S.A. Telephone: 574-294-8000
127393-5
11/03
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
Important Safety
Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Read these instructions.
Keep these instructions.
Heed all warnings.
Follow all instructions.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Clean only with a dry cloth.
Do not block any ventilation openings.
Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
8) Do not install near any heat sources such
as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or
other apparatus that produce heat.
9) Do not defeat the safety purpose of
the polarized or grounding-type plug. A
polarized plug has two blades with one
wider than the other. A grounding-type
plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third
prong is provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your
outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10) Protect the power cord from being walked
on or pinched, particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where
they exit from the apparatus.
11) Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12) Use only with a cart, stand, bracket, or
table specified by the manufacturer, or
sold with the apparatus. When a cart is
used, use caution when moving the cart/
apparatus combination to avoid injury
from tip-over.
13) Unplug this apparatus during lightning
storms or when unused for long periods
of time.
14) Refer all servicing to qualified service
personnel. Servicing is required when
the apparatus has been damaged in any
way, such as power-supply cord or plug
is damaged, liquid has been spilled or
objects have fallen into the apparatus, the
apparatus has been exposed to rain or
moisture, does not operate normally, or
has been dropped.
15) To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock,
do not expose this apparatus to rain or
moisture.
IMPORTANT
The CE 4000 amplifier requires Class 2 output
wiring in stereo. Class 1 output wiring is required
in Bridge mode.
WATCH FOR THESE SYMBOLS:
The lightning bolt triangle is used to alert the user
to the risk of electric shock.
The exclamation point triangle is used to alert
the user to important operating or maintenance
instructions.
FCC COMPLIANCE NOTICE
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
TO PREVENT ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT REMOVE
TOP OR BOTTOM COVERS. NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the operation manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception,
which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try
to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
À PRÉVENIR LE CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE N’ENLEVEZ
PAS LES COUVERCLES. IL N’Y A PAS DES PARTIES SERVICEABLE À L’INTÉRIEUR. TOUS REPARATIONS DOIT ETRE FAIRE PAR PERSONNEL
QUALIFIÉ SEULMENT.
page 2
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
Crown International, Inc.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Issued By: Crown International, Inc.
1718 W. Mishawaka Rd.
Elkhart, IN 46517 U.S.A.
Sue Whitfield
574-294-8289
swhitfield@crownintl.com
European Representative’s Name and Address:
Nick Owen
19 Clos Nant Coslech
Pontprennau
Cardiff
CF23 8ND United Kingdom
Equipment Type: Commercial Audio Power Amplifiers
Family Name: CE
Model Names: CE4000
EMC Standards:
EN 55103-1:1995 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Product Family Standard for Audio, Video, Audio-Visual and Entertainment Lighting Control Apparatus for Professional Use, Part 1: Emissions
EN 55103-1:1995 Magnetic Field Emissions-Annex A @ 10 cm and 1 M
EN 61000-3-2:1995 Limitation for Harmonic Current Emissions (equipment input current ≤16A per phase)
EN 61000-3-3:1995 Limitation of Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker in Low-Voltage Supply Systems Rated Current ≤16A
EN 55022:1992 + A1:1995 & A2:1997 Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Disturbance Characteristics of ITE: Radiated, Class B Limits; Conducted, Class B
EN 55103-2:1996 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Product Family Standard for Audio, Video, Audio-Visual and Entertainment Lighting Control Apparatus for Professional Use, Part 2: Immunity
EN 61000-4-2:1995 Electrostatic Discharge Immunity (Environment E2-Criteria B, 4k V Contact, 8k V Air Discharge)
EN 61000-4-3:1996 Radiated, Radio-Frequency, Electromagnetic Immunity (Environment E2, Criteria A)
EN 61000-4-4:1995 Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Immunity (Criteria B)
EN 61000-4-5:1995 Surge Immunity (Criteria B)
EN 61000-4-6:1996 Immunity to Conducted Disturbances Induced by Radio-Frequency Fields (Criteria A)
EN 61000-4-11:1994 Voltage Dips, Short Interruptions and Voltage Variation
Safety Standard:
EN 60065: 1998 Safety Requirements - Audio Video and Similar Electronic Apparatus
I certify that the product identified above conforms to the requirements of the EMC Council Directive 89/336/EEC as amended by 92/31/EEC, and the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EES as amended by 93/68/EEC.
Signed
Larry Coburn
Date of Issue: June 27, 2000
Title: Senior Vice President of Manufacturing
Operation Manual
page 3
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
Table of Contents
Important Safety Instructions .................................................... 2
5.1.2 Fault...................................................13
1 Welcome .................................................. 5
5.1.3 High-Pass Filter .................................13
1.1 Features........................................................... 5
5.2 Circuit Design .............................................13
1.2 Unpacking Your Amplifier................................. 5
5.2.1 BCA ...................................................13
2 How to Use This Manual................................ 5
5.2.2 Switching Power Supply with PFC ......13
3 Setup ..................................................... 6
5.3 Other Featurers ...........................................14
3.1 Unpack Your Amplifier...................................... 6
5.3.1 Low-Pass Filters ................................14
3.2 Install Your Amplifier ........................................ 6
5.3.2 Neutrik Speakon Wiring ......................14
3.3 Ensure Proper Cooling ..................................... 6
5.4 Options .......................................................14
3.4 Choose Input Wire and Connectors .................. 7
5.4.1 SST Modules .....................................14
3.5 Choose Output Wire and Connectors................ 8
5.4.2 Output Connectors .............................14
3.6 Wire Your System ............................................. 9
5.4.3 Handle Kit ..........................................14
3.6.1 Stereo Mode ............................................ 9
6 Troubleshooting .................................. 15
3.6.2 How to Parallel the Inputs ........................ 9
7 Specifications .................................... 16
3.6.3 Bridge-Mono Mode ................................. 9
8 Service ............................................ 18
3.7 Connect to AC Mains...................................... 10
8.1 Worldwide Service ......................................18
3.8 Startup Procedure........................................... 10
8.2 US and Canada Service...............................18
4 Operation ................................................10
8.2.1 Service at a US and
Canada Service Center..............................18
4.1 Precautions...................................................... 10
4.2 Front Panel Controls and Indicators ............... 11
8.2.2Factory Service ....................................18
4.3 Back Panel Controls and Connectors.............. 12
9 Warranty .......................................... 19
5 Advanced Features and Options ......................13
Factory Service Information Form. .................................21
5.1 Protection Systems......................................... 13
5.1.1 Anti-Clip Limiters .................................. 13
page 4
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
1 Welcome
®
Crown CE 4000 amplifiers have been engineered from the bottom up to provide
superior power output, increased efficiency,
legendary Crown sound and extraordinary
reliability. They were designed using Crown’s
patented, award-wining BCA® (Balanced Current Amplifier) engineering.
• Sub-bass output via integral 4-position
high-pass and 3-position low-pass filter
sets for each channel.
Modern power amplifiers are sophisticated
pieces of engineering capable of producing
extremely high power levels. They must be
treated with respect and correctly installed if
they are to provide the many years of reliable
service for which they were designed.
• 3-speed fan-on-demand.
In addition, the CE 4000 amplifier includes a
number of features which require some explanation before they can be used to their maximum advantage.
1.2 Unpacking Your Amplifier
Please unpack and inspect your amplifier for
any damage that may have occurred during
transit. If damage is found, notify the transportation company immediately. Only you can
initiate a claim for shipping damage. Crown
will be happy to help as needed. Save the
shipping carton as evidence of damage for the
shipper’s inspection.
Please take the time to study this manual so
that you can obtain the best possible service
from your amplifier.
1.1 Features
• Patented, award-winning BCA technology.
• Switch-mode power supply with PFC
(power-factor correction) allows universal
use.
• Choice of dual output connectors: 5-way
binding post plus Neutrik® Speakon®,
5-way binding post plus barrier-strip, or
dual Neutrik Speakon.
• Extremely reliable; keeps running under the
harshest of conditions.
• Weighs just 33.3 pounds (15.1 kg).
2 How to Use This
Manual
This manual provides you with the necessary
information to safely and correctly setup and
operate your amplifier. It does not cover
every aspect of installation, setup or operation
that might occur under every condition. For
additional information, please consult Crown’s
Amplifier Application Guide (available online at
www.crownaudio.com), Crown Tech Support,
your system installer or retailer.
We strongly recommend you read all instructions, warnings and cautions contained in this
manual. Also, for your protection, please send
in your warranty registration card today. And
save your bill of sale—it’s your official proof
of purchase.
We also recommend that you save all packing
materials so you will have them if you ever
need to transport the unit. Never ship the
unit without the factory pack.
• Compatible with SST (System Solution
Topologies) input modules.
Operation Manual
page 5
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
3 Setup
3.1 Unpack Your Amplifier
3.2 Install Your Amplifier
3.3 Ensure Proper Cooling
YOU WILL NEED (not supplied):
CAUTION: Before you begin, make sure
your amplifier is disconnected from the
power source, with power switch in the
“off” position and all level controls
turned completely down (counterclockwise).
When using an equipment rack, mount units
directly on top of each other. Close any open
spaces in rack with blank panels. DO NOT
block front or rear air vents.
• Two input wiring cables
• Two output wiring cables
• Rack for mounting amplifier (or a stable
surface for stacking)
WARNING: Before you start to set up
your amplifier, make sure you read and
observe the Important Safety Instructions found at the beginning of this
manual.
Figure 3.2 illustrates standard amplifier airflow.
Use a standard 19-inch (48.3 cm) equipment
rack. See Figure 3.1 for amplifier dimensions.
You may also stack amps without using a
cabinet.
NOTE: When transporting, amplifiers should be
supported at both front and back.
Figure 3.2 Airflow
Figure 3.1 Dimensions
page 6
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
3 Setup
3.4 Choose Input Wire
and Connectors
Balanced Line
Unbalanced Line
Crown recommends using pre-built or professionally wired, balanced line (two-conductor
plus shield), 22-24 gauge cables and connectors. Depending upon which amplifier input
you choose, you should use either 3-pin male
XLR connectors, TRS phone connectors, or terminal forks at the amplifier inputs.
Unbalanced line may also be used but may
result in noise over long cable runs.
Note: Amplifier input connectors not used
for audio signal input may be used for
daisy-chaining of the audio signal to other
components.
Refer to Figure 3.3 for correct connector pin
assignments for balanced wiring, and Figure
3.4 for correct connector pin assignments for
unbalanced wiring.
NOTE: Custom wiring should only be
performed by qualified personnel.
Figure 3.3 Balanced Input
Connector Wiring
Operation Manual
Figure 3.4 Unbalanced Input
Connector Wiring
page 7
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
3 Setup
3.5 Choose Output Wire
and Connectors
Crown recommends using pre-built or professionally wired, high-quality, two- or fourconductor, heavy gauge speaker wire and
connectors. If your amplifier includes Neutrik®
Speakon® outputs, use male Speakon NL4C
connectors for your output connectors (see
Figure 3.5). If your amplifier includes barrier
block outputs, you may use spade lugs or bare
wire for your output connectors (see Figure
3.6). If your amplifier includes binding post
outputs, you may use banana plugs, spade
lugs or bare wire for your output connectors
(see Figure 3.7).To prevent the possibility
of short-circuits, wrap or otherwise insulate
exposed loudspeaker cable connectors.
OUTPUTS
CH-2
Figure 3.5 Speakon Output Connector Wiring
OUTPUTS
CH-2
Using the guidelines below, select the appropriate size of wire based on the distance from
amplifier to speaker.
Distance
Wire Size
up to 25 ft.
16 gauge
26-40 ft.
14 gauge
41-60 ft.
12 gauge
61-100 ft.
10 gauge
101-150 ft.
8 gauge
151-250 ft.
6 gauge
CH-1
CH-1
Figure 3.6 Barrier Block Output Connector Wiring
CAUTION: Never use shielded cable for
output wiring.
OUTPUTS
CH-2
CH-1
Figure 3.7 Binding Post Output Connector Wiring
page 8
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
3 Setup
3.6 Wire Your System
3.6.1 Stereo Mode
Typical input and output wiring is shown in Figure 3.8.
INPUTS: Connect input wiring for both channels.
OUTPUTS: Maintain proper polarity (+/-) on output connectors.
Connect Channel-1 positive (+) speaker load to Channel-1 positive terminal
of amp; repeat for negative (-). Repeat Channel-2 wiring as for Channel 1.
Refer to Section 3.6 for output connector pin assignments. Make sure the
Mode switch set to the “Stereo” position when operating in Stereo mode.
3.6.2 How to Parallel the Inputs
There are three ways to feed the same signal to each amplifier channel:
1. Buy a “Y” cable. Plug the female end into your signal cable, and plug the
split male ends into both amplifier inputs.
2. Feed your signal to the Channel-1 input (either barrier-block or combo).
Connect a jumper wire (Figure 3.9) between the barrier-block Channel-1
(+) screw terminal and the Channel-2 (+) screw terminal. Connect another
jumper wire between the Channel-1 (–) screw terminal and the Channel-2
(–) screw terminal.
Figure 3.8 System Wiring, Stereo Mode
3. Feed your signal to the Channel-1 input screw terminals. Using a mic
cable or phone-to-phone cable, connect Channel-1 combo jack to Channel-2
combo jack.
3.6.3 Bridge-Mono Mode
Typical input and output wiring is shown in Figure 3.10.
INPUTS: Connect input wiring to Channel 1.
OUTPUTS: Connect the speaker across the positive terminals of each channel. Do not use the negative terminals when the amp is being operated in
Bridge-Mono mode. Refer to Section 3.6 for output connector pin assignments. Make sure the Mode switch is set to the “Bridge” position when
operating in Bridge-Mono mode.
NOTE: The Channel 2 level control should be set fully counterclockwise when operating the amplifier in Bridge-Mono mode.
NOTE: Crown provides a reference of wiring pin assignments for commonly
used connector types in the Crown Amplifier Application Guide (Section
1.21.) available at www.crownaudio.com
Operation Manual
Figure 3.10 System Wiring, Bridge-Mono Mode
Figure 3.9
Jumper Placement to
Parallel the Inputs
page 9
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
3 Setup
4 Operation
3.7 Connect to AC Mains
Connect your amplifier to the AC mains power
source (power outlet) with the supplied AC
power cordset. First, connect the IEC end of the
cordset to the IEC connector on the amplifier;
then, plug the other end of the cordset to the
AC mains.
4.1 Precautions
Your amplifier is protected from internal and
external faults, but you should still take the following precautions for optimum performance
and safety:
1.
WARNING: The third prong of this connector (ground) is an important safety
feature. Do not attempt to disable this
ground connection by using an adapter
or other methods.
Amplifiers don’t create energy. The AC mains
voltage and current must be sufficient to deliver
the power you expect. You must operate your
amplifier from an AC mains power source with
not more than 10% variation above or below
the amplifier’s specified line voltage and within
the specfied frequency requirements (indicated
on the amplifier’s back panel label). If you are
unsure of the output voltage of your AC mains,
please consult your electrician.
3.8 Startup Procedure
Use the following procedure when first turning
on your amplifier:
Before use, your amplifier first must be
configured for proper operation, including input and output wiring hookup.
Improper wiring can result in serious
operating difficulties. For information
on wiring and configuration, please
consult the Setup section of this
manual or, for advanced setup techniques, consult Crown’s Amplifier
Application Guide available online at
www.crownaudio.com.
2.
Use care when making connections,
selecting signal sources and controlling
the output level. The load you save may
be your own!
3.
Do not short the ground lead of an
output cable to the input signal ground.
This may form a ground loop and cause
oscillations.
4.
Never connect the output to a
power supply, battery or power
main. Electrical shock may result.
5.
Tampering with the circuitry, or making
unauthorized circuit changes may be
hazardous and invalidates all agency
listings.
6.
Do not operate the amplifier with the
red Clip LEDs constantly flashing.
7.
Do not overdrive the mixer, which will
cause clipped signal to be sent to the
amplifier. Such signals will be reproduced with extreme accuracy, and loudspeaker damage may result.
8.
Do not operate the amplifier with less
than the rated load impedance. Due to
the amplifier’s output protection, such
a configuration may result in premature
clipping and speaker damage.
Remember: Crown is not liable for
damage that results from overdriving
other system components.
1.
2.
Turn down the level of your audio source.
Turn down the level controls of the amplifier.
3. Turn on the “Power” switch. The Power
indicator should glow.
4. Turn up the level of your audio source to
an optimum level.
5. Turn up the Level controls on the amplifier until the desired loudness or power
level is achieved.
6. Turn down the level of your audio source
to its normal range.
If you ever need to make any wiring or installation changes, don’t forget to disconnect
the power cord.
For help with determining your system’s optimum gain structure (signal levels) please refer
to the Crown Amplifier Application Guide,
available online at www.crownaudio.com.
page 10
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
4 Operation
4.2 Front Panel Controls
and Indicators
A. Power Switch
Amplifier is on when the switch is in the
“I” position.
B. Cooling Vents
Front-to-rear forced airflow.
D. Signal Indicator
Green LED illuminates to indicate the presence of signal at the corresponding channel’s input. One per channel.
E. Clip Indicator
Red LED illuminates when the channel’s
output signal is being overdriven. One per
channel.
C. Power Indicator
F. Fault Indicator
Red LED illuminates when the corresponding channel is in protect mode. Also illuminates briefly during normal power-up
when amplifier is first switched on. One per
channel.
G. Level Control
Rotary detented level control, one per
channel.
Green LED indicates amplifier has been
turned on and AC power is available.
Figure 4.1
Front Panel Controls and Indicators
Operation Manual
page 11
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
4 Operation
4.3 Back Panel Controls
and Connectors
H. Balanced Barrier Block Inputs
(if equipped)
Screw-terminal Barrier Block. One set per
channel.
K. 5-Way Binding Post Outputs
(if equipped)
Accept banana plugs, spade lugs or bare
wire. (European models do not accept
banana plugs). One pair per channel
O. Mode Switch
Allows selection of Stereo or Bridge
operation.
L. IEC Power Connector
P. Low-Pass Filter Switch
Allows selection of Flat, 80 Hz or 100 Hz
roll-off. One per channel.
I. Neutrik® Combo Balanced Inputs
Combination three-pin female XLR and
TRS. One per channel.
M. Fault Connector
Female RJ-45 for connection to external
circuit to monitor amplifier Fault status.
Q. High-Pass Filter Switch
Allows selection of Flat, 30 Hz, 40 Hz or 50
Hz roll-off. One per channel.
J. Neutrik® Speakon® Outputs
(if equipped)
Accept male NL4C connector.
N. Sensitivity Switch
Allows selection of .775V, 1.4V or 26-dB
sensitivity.
R. 3-Speed Fan-on-Demand
Provides forced-air cooling of the amplifier.
Figure 4.2 Back Panel Controls and Connectors
page 12
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
5 Advanced Features
and Options
4.
NOTE: For detailed information about
these Crown amplifier features, please
consult the Crown Amplifier Application
Guide, available on the Crown website
at www.crownaudio.com.
5.1 Protection Systems
Your Crown amplifier provides extensive protection and diagnostic capabilities, including
built-in anti-clip limiters, amplifier fault protection, and switchable high-pass filters.
Figure 5.2
Fault Jack
5.1.1 Anti-Clip Limiters
Your Crown amplifier has built-in Anti-Clip
Limiters which offer a degree of protection
to your loudspeakers. The Anti-Clip Limiters
work by dynamically reducing the amplifier
gain if the output stage is driven into clip,
thereby reducing potentially damaging distortion to moderate levels.
While some audio systems may already contain protective limiters preceeding the amplifier
in the system, the amplifier’s Anti-Clip Limiters
generally will not noticeably affect output quality. For systems without additional protection,
the Anti-Clip Limiters can enhance your system’s output quality and prevent catastrophic
damage to your speakers.
Even with the Anti-Clip Limiters, your amplifier
should never be operated at a level which
causes the front-panel Clip LEDs to illuminate
constantly. While the Anti-Clip Limiters help to
prevent damage due to signal distortion, your
speakers can still be damaged by excess power
dissipation.
5.1.2 Fault
The amplifier will light the Fault LED (Figure
5.1) of an amplifier channel under five different
conditions:
1.
2.
Figure 5.1
Fault Indicator
Operation Manual
3.
When the amplifier is first powered up,
until the unit is ready for operation.
If the heatsinks reach a temperature above
normal working limits.
If the transformer thermal protection circuit is activated.
If amplifier output wires develop a shortcircuit.
5. Should the amplifier output stage become
non-operational.
The Fault status of the amplifier can also be
monitored remotely by attaching a signaling
device to the Fault jack (see Figure 5.2). For
suggestions for external signaling circuits to
use, see Section 1.5 of the Crown Amplifier
Application Guide, available on the Crown
website at www.crownaudio.com.
5.1.3 High-Pass Filters
Very low frequency signals contain no useful
musical energy, waste valuable amplifier power
and headroom, and can be damaging to
your speakers. Your Crown amplifier provides
switchable high-pass filters to remove these
signals from each channel’s output.
Figure 5.3 HighPass Filter Switch
For each channel, a back-panel, three-position
switch provides optional settings of Flat, 30
Hz, 40 Hz, or 50 Hz (left to right, see Figure
5.3). The 30 Hz setting is suitable for all
full-range and low-frequency applications. The
lower-frequency settings may be selected when
the amplifier is being used to drive a sub-bass
program; use only with speakers that provide a
useful frequency response below the frequency
setting. The FLAT setting provides bypass of
the high-pass filters, for use when subsonic
protection is provided elsewhere in the system.
5.2 Circuit Designs
5.2.1 BCA
BCA (Balanced Current Amplifier) is Crown’s
patented, cutting-edge technology that gets
more power out of an amplifier with less waste
than was ever before possible. A completely
new adaptation of standard amplifier design,
Crown’s BCA “switching” amplifier design provides for high output, exceptional reliability
and nearly twice the efficiency of typical amplifier designs.
Crown’s BCA “switching” technology is a completely new adaptation of standard switching
(PWM) amplifier design. In fact, BCA is differ-
ent enough from other amplifier classes that
it received a patent and merits it’s own class
designation, “class-I.”
BCA technology offers several key advantages.
It provides unprecedented efficiency, requiring
less power from the AC supply than other
designs, meaning significant cost savings over
the life of the amplifier. BCA handles reactive
speaker loads easily and gracefully, by reusing
energy returned from the speaker rather than
dissipating it as heat or forcing the amp into
premature current-limiting. This ability makes
BCA models extremely resilient—especially at
low, 2-ohm impedances. It also makes them
more reliable, since they are not constantly
stressed to their limits or subjected to excessive heat. Best of all, as proud owners can
attest, amps with BCA technology sound great,
with a powerful low-end that stands out from
the competition.
5.2.2 Switching Power Supply with
PFC
Crown’s new Switching Power Supply with PFC
provides a range of benefits over both nonswitching and conventional switching powersupply designs.
Typical non-switching power supplies require
large, heavy transformers in order to produce
the required power at the output stage. These
transformers must be large to absorb the substantial waste that occurs when operating at 50
to 60 Hz (standard AC supplied by the power
company).
By contrast, switching power supplies can
operate with a much smaller (and lighter)
transformer because they first convert the AC
up to a much higher frequency, thereby reducing waste.
However, in both non-switching and conventional switching designs, phase differences
occur within the power supply due to the
inductance of the transformer. This phase difference prevents much of the available power
from the AC mains from making its way to the
load.
page 13
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
PFC, however, compensates for phase differences in the power supply, allowing more true
power to be transferred to the amplifier. The
result is more power with less waste than any
other conventional switching or non-switching
design.
5.3.2 Neutrik Speakon Wiring
The Neutrik Speakon NL4 connector is a fourpole type, which allows either one or two sets
of speakers to be wired to one connector.
Figure 5.5 shows the wiring pin assignments.
5.4.2 Output Connectors
For added system flexibility, Crown offers
optional output connector configurations for
your amplifier. If you prefer, you can choose
to have dual Neutrik Speakon® output connectors (model CE4E) or 5-way binding post plus
barrier strip (model CE4C) connectors installed
in your amplifier in place of the standard Neutrik Speakon® plus 5-way binding post outputs
(model CE4D) at time of ordering. For information on adding optional output connector modules to an existing CE 4000 amplifier, please
contact Crown Technical Support (see Section
8 for contact information).
Figure 5.5 Speakon Pin Assignments
5.4.3 Handle Kit
Handles complement your amplifier’s appearance, aid in transportation, and the placement
in or removal from racks. They are available
from Crown’s Sales Department.
As an added benefit, PFC also allows the amp
to be connected to any common AC line voltage, without converting the power supply. This
means that whether you’re running one or two
amps on a household circuit or several amps
on a power distro, your CE 4000 amplifiier is
ready—right out of the box.
5.3 Other Features
Figure 5.4 LowPass Filter
Switch
page 14
5.3.1 Low Pass Filters
For each channel, a back-panel, three-position
switch provides optional settings of Flat (Left),
80 Hz (center) and 100 Hz (right) with an
18-dB per octave rolloff (see Figure 5.4). The
80- and 100-Hz settings may be selected when
the amplifier is being used to drive a bass
program. The FLAT setting provides bypass
of the low-pass filters, for use either when a
crossover is provided elsewhere in the system,
or when the signal is full-range.
5.4 Options
5.4.1 SST Modules
Crown’s optional SST (System Solution Topologies) modules were specially designed to
improve the fidelity and versatility of your
audio system. They feature a variety of professional signal routing and filtering capabilities. Your amplifier may have come with an
SST module already factory-installed, or your
choice of SST modules can be easily added
to the amplifier by any authorized Crown
Service Center. For information on available
SST modules, visit the Crown website at
www.crownaudio.com.
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
6 Troubleshooting
CONDITION: Normal operation.
CONDITION: No sound.
POSSIBLE REASON:
POSSIBLE REASON:
• This is normal operation for your amp.
• The amplifier has just been turned on and
is still in the 4-second turn-on delay.
CONDITION: No power to the
amplifier.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• The amplifier’s “Power” switch is off.
• The amplifier is not plugged into the
power receptacle.
• The amplifier’s high-voltage power supply
fuse has blown. Return amp to Crown or
an authorized Crown Service Center for
servicing.
• The amplifier is in “fault” mode. A Fault
status can be triggered when one of the
amplifier’s protection circuits is activated.
First disconnect your speakers from the
affected channel(s) one by one to determine if one of the loads is shorted. If the
indicators return to normal status, then try
a different speaker or cable to determine
where the short is occurring. If no short
can be found, turn off the amp and allow
the amp to cool. If indicators do not return
to normal after restarting your amp, check
the fuse and replace if necessary, or return
amp to Crown or an authorized Crown
Service Center for servicing.
• No input signal.
• Input signal level is very low.
• Level controls are turned down.
CONDITION: Distorted sound.
POSSIBLE REASON:
• Input signal level is too high. Turn down
your amplifier level controls. NOTE: Your
amplifier should never be operated at
a level which causes the Clip LEDs to
illuminate constantly.
KEY
Operation Manual
page 15
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
7 Specifications
Minimum Guaranteed Power (watts)
Dual Mode, both channels driven
1 kHz with 0.5% THD
2 ohm (per ch.), ≥ 200-V line voltage
2 ohm (per ch.), < 200-V line voltage
4 ohm (per ch.)
8 ohm (per ch.)
1,800
1,400
1,200
600
Bridge-Mono Mode
1 kHz with 0.5% THD
4 ohm, ≥ 200-V line voltage
4 ohm, < 200-V line voltage
8 ohm
3,600
2,800
2,400
Performance
Frequency Response (at 1 watt, 20Hz - 20kHz)
± 0.25 dB (see Figure 7.1)
Phase Response (at 1 watt, 20Hz - 20kHz)
± 15°
Signal to Noise Ratio (A-weighted)
below rated power
> 100 dB
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
at rated power, from 20 Hz to 20 kHz
≤ 0.5%
Intermodulation Distortion (IMD)
60 Hz and 7 kHz at 4:1, from rated power to –30 dB at 8 ohms
Damping Factor (8 ohm) 10Hz to 400Hz
< 0.5%
> 1000
Note: Measured using binding-post output connectors
Crosstalk (below rated power, 10 kHz)
> 50 dB
Common Mode Rejection (CMR, 20 Hz to 1 kHz)
> 70 dB
DC Output Offset (shorted input)
±10 millivolts
Input Impedance
nominally balanced, nominally unbalanced
20 k ohms, 10 k ohms
Load Impedance
Note: Safe with all types of loads.
Stereo
Bridge-Mono
2-8 ohms
4-8 ohms
Voltage Gain (at rated output)
0.775V sensitivity
1.4V sensitivity
3.6V sensitivity
page 16
39.0 dB
33.8 dB
26 dB
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
7 Specifications
Required AC Mains
50/60 Hz, 100-240VAC (±10%)
AC Line Currentt
100 Volts
120 Volts
230-240 Volts
At Idle, amp draws no more than120 watts
8.5 A
7.1 A
3.7 A
Construction
Ventilation
Flow-through ventilation from front to back.
Cooling
3-speed fan-on-demand.
Dimensions
Width
Height
Depth (behind mounting surface)
EIA Standard 19-inch rack mount (EIA RS-310-B);
5.25 inch (13.3 cm)
16.25 inch (36.6 cm) with additional 1-inch (2.5 cm) rear rack ears
Weight
Net Weight
Shipping Weight
33.3 pounds (15.1 kg)
39.3 pounds (17.8 kg)
Figure 7.1 Frequency Response
Operation Manual
page 17
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
8 Service
Crown amplifiers are quality units that rarely
require servicing. Before returning your unit
for servicing, please contact Crown Technical
Support to verify the need for servicing.
This unit has very sophisticated circuitry which
should only be serviced by a fully trained technician. This is one reason why each unit bears
the following label:
CAUTION: To prevent electric shock, do
not remove covers. No user serviceable
parts inside. Refer servicing to a qualified technician.
8.1 Worldwide Service
Service may be obtained from an authorized
service center. (Contact your local Crown/
Amcron representative or our office for a list
of authorized service centers.) To obtain service, simply present the bill of sale as proof
of purchase along with the defective unit to an
authorized service center. They will handle the
necessary paperwork and repair.
Remember to transport your unit in the original
factory pack.
8.2 US and Canada Service
Service may be obtained in one of two ways:
from an authorized service center or from the
factory. You may choose either. It is important
that you have your copy of the bill of sale as
your proof of purchase.
8.2.1 Service at a US or Canada
Service Center
This method usually saves the most time and
effort. Simply present your bill of sale along
with the defective unit to an authorized service
center to obtain service. They will handle the
necessary paperwork and repair. Remember to
transport the unit in the original factory pack.
A list of authorized service centers in your area
can be obtained from our Technical Support
Group.
page 18
below. For non-warranty service, you
may also provide your own shipping
pack. Minimum recommended requirements for materials are as follows: 275
P.S.I. burst test Double-Wall carton that
allows for 2-inch solid Styrofoam on
all six sides of unit or 3 inches of
plastic bubble wrap on all six sides of
unit; securely seal the package with an
adequate carton sealing tape. Do not
use light boxes or “peanuts.” Damage
caused by poor packing cannot be covered under warranty.
8.2.2 Factory Service
To obtain factory service, fill out the service
information page found in the back of this
manual and send it along with your proof of
purchase and the defective unit to the Crown
factory.
For warranty service, we will pay for ground
shipping both ways in the United States. Contact Crown Factory Service or Technical Support to obtain prepaid shipping labels prior to
sending the unit. Or, if you prefer, you may
prepay the cost of shipping, and Crown will
reimburse you. Send copies of the shipping
receipts to Crown to receive reimbursement.
Your repaired unit will be returned via UPS
ground. Please contact us if other arrangements are required.
Factory Service Shipping Instructions:
1.
Before sending a Crown product to the
factory for service, first call the Crown
Service Department for a return authorization (RA) number.
2.
3.
Be sure to fill out the service information
form that follows and enclose it with
your shipment, either inside the box
or in a packing slip envelope securely
attached to the outside of the shipping
carton. Do not send the service information form separately.
To ensure the safe transportation of your
unit to the factory, ship it in an original
factory packing container. If you don’t
have the original carton, you may obtain
a product service foam-in-place shipping pack from the Crown Factory Service Department at the number listed
4.
Do not ship the unit in any kind of cabinet (wood or metal). Ignoring this warning may result in extensive damage to
the unit and the cabinet. Accessories are
not needed—do not send the product
documentation, cables and other hardware.
If you have any questions, please call or write
the Crown Technical Support Group.
Crown Factory Service
1718 W. Mishawaka Rd.,
Elkhart, Indiana 46517 U.S.A.
Telephone: 574-294-8200
800-342-6939 (North America,
Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands only)
Facsimile:
574-294-8301 (Technical Support)
574-294-8124 (Factory Service)
Internet:
http://www.crownaudio.com
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
9 Warranty
UNITED STATES & CANADA
3
AR
YE
SUMMARY OF WARRANTY
Crown International, 1718 West Mishawaka
Road, Elkhart, Indiana 46517-4095 U.S.A.
warrants to you, the ORIGINAL PURCHASER
and ANY SUBSEQUENT OWNER of each
NEW Crown product, for a period of three
(3) years from the date of purchase by the
original purchaser (the “warranty period”)
that the new Crown product is free of
defects in materials and workmanship. We
further warrant the new Crown product
regardless of the reason for failure, except
as excluded in this Warranty.
ITEMS EXCLUDED FROM THIS
CROWN WARRANTY
This Crown Warranty is in effect only for failure of a new Crown product which occurred
within the Warranty Period. It does not
cover any product which has been damaged
because of any intentional misuse, accident,
negligence, or loss which is covered under
any of your insurance contracts. This Crown
Warranty also does not extend to the new
Crown product if the serial number has been
defaced, altered, or removed.
WHAT THE WARRANTOR WILL DO
We will remedy any defect, regardless of the
reason for failure (except as excluded), by
repair, replacement, or refund. We may not
elect refund unless you agree, or unless we
are unable to provide replacement, and repair
is not practical or cannot be timely made. If
a refund is elected, then you must make the
defective or malfunctioning product available
to us free and clear of all liens or other encum-
Operation Manual
brances. The refund will be equal to the actual
purchase price, not including interest, insurance, closing costs, and other finance charges
less a reasonable depreciation on the product
from the date of original purchase. Warranty
work can only be performed at our authorized
service centers or at the factory. We will
remedy the defect and ship the product from
the service center or our factory within a reasonable time after receipt of the defective product at our authorized service center or our
factory. All expenses in remedying the defect,
including surface shipping costs in the United
States, will be borne by us. (You must bear
the expense of shipping the product between
any foreign country and the port of entry in the
United States including the return shipment,
and all taxes, duties, and other customs fees
for such foreign shipments.)
US ANY INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING
FROM ANY DEFECT IN THE NEW CROWN
PRODUCT. THIS INCLUDES ANY DAMAGE TO
ANOTHER PRODUCT OR PRODUCTS RESULTING FROM SUCH A DEFECT. SOME STATES
DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATIONS OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR
EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY
SERVICE
You must notify us of your need for warranty
service within the warranty period. All components must be shipped in a factory pack,
which, if needed, may be obtained from us
free of charge. Corrective action will be taken
within a reasonable time of the date of receipt
of the defective product by us or our authorized service center. If the repairs made by us
or our authorized service center are not satisfactory, notify us or our authorized service
center immediately.
DESIGN CHANGES
We reserve the right to change the design
of any product from time to time without
notice and with no obligation to make corresponding changes in products previously
manufactured.
DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL
AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO RECOVER FROM
THIS STATEMENT OF WARRANTY SUPERSEDES ANY OTHERS CONTAINED IN THIS
MANUAL FOR CROWN PRODUCTS.
12/01
WARRANTY ALTERATIONS
No person has the authority to enlarge, amend,
or modify this Crown Warranty. This Crown
Warranty is not extended by the length of time
which you are deprived of the use of the new
Crown product. Repairs and replacement parts
provided under the terms of this Crown Warranty shall carry only the unexpired portion of
this Crown Warranty.
LEGAL REMEDIES OF PURCHASER
THIS CROWN WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, YOU MAY ALSO
HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM
STATE TO STATE. No action to enforce this
Crown Warranty shall be commenced after
expiration of the warranty period.
page 19
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
9 Warranty
WORLDWIDE EXCEPT USA & CANADA
3
AR
YE
page 20
by repair, replacement, or refund. We may
not elect refund unless you agree, or unless
we are unable to provide replacement, and
repair is not practical or cannot be timely
made. If a refund is elected, then you must
make the defective or malfunctioning product available to us free and clear of all
liens or other encumbrances. The refund will
be equal to the actual purchase price, not
including interest, insurance, closing costs,
and other finance charges less a reasonable
depreciation on the product from the date of
original purchase. Warranty work can only
_______________
be performed at our authorized service cen1 Note: If your unit bears the name “Amcron,” please
ters. We will remedy the defect and ship
substitute it for the name “Crown” in this warranty.
the product from the service center within a
reasonable time after receipt of the defective
ITEMS EXCLUDED FROM THIS
product at our authorized service center.
CROWN WARRANTY
This Crown Warranty is in effect only for failHOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY
ure of a new Crown product which occurred
SERVICE
within the Warranty Period. It does not
You must notify your local Crown importer
cover any product which has been damaged
of your need for warranty service within
because of any intentional misuse, accident,
the warranty period. All components must
negligence, or loss which is covered under
be shipped in the original box. Corrective
any of your insurance contracts. This Crown
action will be taken within a reasonable
Warranty also does not extend to the new
time of the date of receipt of the defective
Crown product if the serial number has been
product by our authorized service center. If
defaced, altered, or removed.
the repairs made by our authorized service
center are not satisfactory, notify our authoWHAT THE WARRANTOR WILL DO
rized service center immediately.
We will remedy any defect, regardless of
the reason for failure (except as excluded),
SUMMARY OF WARRANTY
Crown International, 1718 West Mishawaka
Road, Elkhart, Indiana 46517-4095 U.S.A.
warrants to you, the ORIGINAL PURCHASER
and ANY SUBSEQUENT OWNER of each
NEW Crown1 product, for a period of three
(3) years from the date of purchase by the
original purchaser (the “warranty period”)
that the new Crown product is free of defects
in materials and workmanship, and we further warrant the new Crown product regardless of the reason for failure, except as
excluded in this Warranty.
DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL
AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO RECOVER FROM
US ANY INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING
FROM ANY DEFECT IN THE NEW CROWN
PRODUCT. THIS INCLUDES ANY DAMAGE TO
ANOTHER PRODUCT OR PRODUCTS RESULTING FROM SUCH A DEFECT.
WARRANTY ALTERATIONS
No person has the authority to enlarge, amend,
or modify this Crown Warranty. This Crown
Warranty is not extended by the length of time
which you are deprived of the use of the new
Crown product. Repairs and replacement parts
provided under the terms of this Crown Warranty shall carry only the unexpired portion of
this Crown Warranty.
DESIGN CHANGES
We reserve the right to change the design of
any product from time to time without notice
and with no obligation to make corresponding
changes in products previously manufactured.
LEGAL REMEDIES OF PURCHASER
No action to enforce this Crown Warranty
shall be commenced after expiration of the
warranty period.
THIS STATEMENT OF WARRANTY SUPERSEDES ANY OTHERS CONTAINED IN THIS
MANUAL FOR CROWN PRODUCTS.
7/01
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
Crown Factory Service Information
Shipping Address: Crown Factory Service, 1718 W. Mishawaka Rd., Elkhart, IN 46517
Phone: 1-800-342-6939 or 1-574-294-8200 Fax: 1-574-294-8124
Owner’s Name : ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Shipping Address : _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Phone Number ______________________________________ Fax Number: __________________________________________ Email: _________________________________________________________________________
Model:
______________________________________________________________________________________________
Serial Number: ___________________________________________________________________
Purchase Date : ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
NATURE OF PROBLEM
(Be sure to describe the conditions that existed when the problem occurred and what attempts were made to correct it.)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Other equipment in system: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
If warranty has expired, payment will be:
Cash/Check
VISA
MasterCard
C.O.D.
Purchase Order for Crown Dealer
Card Number:______________________________________ Exp. Date:___________________
Signature:______________________________________________________________________
ENCLOSE THIS PORTION WITH THE UNIT. DO NOT MAIL SEPARATELY.
Operation Manual
page 21
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
page 22
Operation Manual
CE 4000 Power Amplifier
NOTES
Operation Manual
page 23
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