Specifications | Crown Audio D-45 Stereo Amplifier User Manual

D Series
30
HEADPHONES
CHANNEL 1
20
40
50
LEVEL
0
30
CHANNEL 2
OFF
IOC
SIGNAL
ON
20
40
D-45
10
50
10
LEVEL
0
POWER
Operation Manual
D-75A
Obtaining Other Language Versions: To obtain information in another language about the use of this product, please contact your
local Crown Distributor. If you need assistance locating your local distributor, please contact Crown at 574-294-8000.
This manual does not include all of the details of design, production, or variations of the equipment. Nor does it cover every possible
situation which may arise during installation, operation or maintenance.
The information provided in this manual was deemed accurate as of the publication date. However, updates to this information may have
occurred. To obtain the latest version of this manual, please visit the Crown website at www.crownaudio.com.
Trademark Notice: Crown, Amcron and IOC are registered trademarks of Crown International. Other trademarks are the property of
their respective owners.
Some models may be exported under the name Amcron.®
©2003 by Crown Audio Inc., P.O. Box 1000, Elkhart, Indiana 46515-1000 U.S.A. Telephone: 574-294-8000
125243-6
2/03
D Series Power Amplifiers
Important Safety
Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
page 2
Read these instructions.
Keep these instructions.
Heed all warnings.
Follow all instructions.
Do not use this apparatus near water.
Clean only with a dry cloth.
Do not block any ventilation openings. Install
in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not install near any heat sources such as
radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other
apparatus that produce heat.
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug
has two blades with one wider than the other.
A grounding-type plug has two blades and a
third grounding prong. The wide blade or the
third prong is provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your outlet,
consult an electrician for replacement of the
obsolete outlet.
Protect the power cord from being walked on
or pinched, particularly at plugs, convenience
receptacles, and the point where they exit from
the apparatus.
Only use attachments/accessories specified
by the manufacturer.
Use only with a cart, stand, bracket, or table
specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the
apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution
when moving the cart/apparatus combination
to avoid injury from tip-over.
Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms
or when unused for long periods of time.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus
has been damaged in any way, such as powersupply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has
been spilled or objects have fallen into the
apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to
rain or moisture, does not operate normally,
or has been dropped.
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do
not expose this apparatus to rain or moisture.
TO PREVENT ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT REMOVE
TOP OR BOTTOM COVERS. NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.
À PRÉVENIR LE CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE N’ENLEVEZ
PAS LES COUVERCLES. IL N’Y A PAS DES PARTIES SERVICEABLE À L’INTÉRIEUR. TOUS REPARATIONS DOIT ETRE FAIRE PAR PERSONNEL
QUALIFIÉ SEULMENT.
IMPORTANT
D Series amplifiers require Class 2 output wiring.
MAGNETIC FIELD
CAUTION! Do not locate sensitive high-gain equipment such as preamplifiers or tape decks directly
above or below the unit. Because this amplifier has
a high power density, it has a strong magnetic field
which can induce hum into unshielded devices that
are located nearby. The field is strongest just above
and below the unit.
If an equipment rack is used, we recommend locating the amplifier(s) in the bottom of the rack and the
preamplifier or other sensitive equipment at the top.
WATCH FOR THESE SYMBOLS:
The lightning bolt triangle is used to alert the user
to the risk of electric shock.
FCC COMPLIANCE NOTICE
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
CAUTION: Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used
in accordance with the operation manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged
to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The exclamation point triangle is used to alert the
user to important operating or maintenance instructions.
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
DECLARATION of CONFORMITY
Crown International, Inc.
Issued By:
Crown International, Inc.
1718 W. Mishawaka Road
Elkhart, Indiana 46517 U.S.A.
Sue Whitfield
574-294-8289
swhitfield@crownintl.com
European Representative’s Name and Address:
Nick Owen
19 Clos Nant Coslech
Pontprennau
Cardiff
CF23 8ND United Kingdom
Equipment Type: Commercial Audio Power Amplifiers
Family Name: D Family
Model Names: D-45, D-75A
EMC Standards:
EN 55103-1:1995 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Product Family Standard for Audio, Video, Audio-Visual and Entertainment Lighting Control Apparatus for Professional Use, Part 1: Emissions
EN 55103-1:1995 Magnetic Field Emissions-Annex A @ 10 cm and 1 M
EN 61000-3-2:1995+A14:2000 Limits for Harmonic Current Emissions (equipment input current 16A per phase)
EN 61000-3-3:1995 Limitation of Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker in Low-Voltage Supply Systems Rated Current 16A
EN 55022:1992 + A1: 1995 & A2:1997 Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Disturbance Characteristics of ITE: Radiated, Class B Limits; Conducted, Class B
EN 55103-2:1996 Electromagnetic Compatibility - Product Family Standard for Audio, Video, Audio-Visual and Entertainment Lighting Control Apparatus for Professional Use, Part 2: Immunity
EN 61000-4-2:1995 Electrostatic Discharge Immunity (Environment E2-Criteria B, 4k V Contact, 8k V Air Discharge)
EN 61000-4-3:1996 Radiated, Radio-Frequency, Electromagnetic Immunity (Environment E2, Criteria A)
EN 61000-4-4:1995 Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Immunity (Criteria B)
EN 61000-4-5:1995 Surge Immunity (Criteria B)
EN 61000-4-6:1996 Immunity to Conducted Disturbances Induced by Radio-Frequency Fields (Criteria A)
EN 61000-4-11:1994 Voltage Dips, Short Interruptions and Voltage Variation
Safety Standard:
EN 60065: 1998 Safety Requirements - Audio Video and Similar Electronic Apparatus
I certify that the product identified above conforms to the requirements of the EMC Council Directive 89/336/EEC as amended by 92/31/EEC, and the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EES as amended by 93/68/EEC.
Signed
Date of Issue: January 1, 2001
Larry Coburn
Title: Senior Vice President of Manufacturing
Operation Manual
DUE TO LINE CURRENT HARMONICS, WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU CONTACT YOUR SUPPLY AUTHORITY BEFORE CONNECTION.
page 3
D Series Power Amplifiers
Table of Contents
page 4
Important Safety Instructions .......................................................2
3.2 Controls, Indicators and Connectors ...............................11
Declaration of Conformity ...........................................................3
3.3 Indicators ........................................................................12
1 Welcome ..................................................... 5
3.4 Controls ..........................................................................12
1.1 Features ...........................................................................5
3.5 Fuse Replacement ...........................................................12
1.2 How to Use This Manual ..................................................5
4 Advanced Features and Options ......................... 13
2 Setup ......................................................... 6
4.1 Protection ......................................................................13
2.1 Unpack Your Amplifier......................................................6
4.2 Options ...........................................................................13
2.2 Install Your Amplifier .......................................................6
4.2.1 Bridge-Mono Option ..............................................13
2.3 Ensure Proper Cooling ....................................................6
4.2.2 Input-Sensitivity Option ..........................................13
2.4 Choose Input Wire and Connectors .................................7
5 Troubleshooting ............................................ 14
2.5 Choose Output Wire and Connectors ...............................7
6 Specifications .............................................. 15
2.6 Wire Your System ............................................................8
7 Service ....................................................... 17
2.6.1 Dual Mode ..............................................................8
7.1 Worldwide Service ...........................................................17
2.6.2 Bridge-Mono Mode ................................................8
7.2 US and Canada Service ...................................................17
2.7 Connect to AC Mains .......................................................9
7.2.1 Service at a US or Canada Service Center ..............17
2.7.1 AC Mains Voltage Configuration ............................9
7.2.2 Factory Service .......................................................17
2.8 Startup Procedure ............................................................9
7.2.3 Factory Service Shipping Instructions .....................17
3 Operation .................................................... 10
8 Warranty ..................................................... 18
3.1 Precautions ......................................................................10
Crown Factory Service Information Form ....................................21
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
30
50
HEADPHONES
CHANNEL 1
20
40
0
IOC
SIGNAL
1 Welcome
Reliability is the first thing you get with your
purchase of a Crown power amplifier. The D-45
and D-75A both deliver dependable operation
with a wide variety of loads. Because of their
exceptional reliability, these amplifiers have
become the leading choice of professionals for
use in recording studios, laboratories and public facilities. You can even find them on the
road. Their sonic excellence also makes them a
very good choice for your personal listening
pleasure.
The D-45 and D-75A amplifiers are compact
and provide ultra-low distortion for medium
power applications. Crown’s advanced AB+B
circuitry ensures efficient operation and protects against shorted, open, mismatched or
low-impedance loads that can affect any amplifier’s performance.
Modern power amplifiers are sophisticated
pieces of engineering capable of producing
extremely high power levels. They must be
treated with respect and correctly installed if
they are to provide the many years of reliable
service for which they were designed.
In addition, D Series amplifiers include a number of features which require some explanation
before they can be used to their maximum
advantage.
Operation Manual
OFF
ON
20
40
10
50
10
LEVEL
30
CHANNEL 2
LEVEL
0
POWER
Please take the time to study this manual so
that you can obtain the best possible service
from your amplifier.
•
Mounts in a standard 19-inch (48.3-cm)
rack.
•
Front-panel headphone jack.
1.1 Features
Your dual-channel (stereo) amplifier can
optionally be configured to deliver double the
power from a single (mono) channel. It also
provides the following features:
•
Three Year, No-Fault, Fully-Transferable
Warranty completely protects your investment and guarantees its specifications.
•
Powerful AB+B class circuitry yields maximum efficiency with minimum crossover
“notch” distortion.
•
IOC® (Input/Output Comparator) alerts of
any distortion that exceeds 0.05% to provide proof of distortion-free performance.
•
Signal presence indicators verify the presence of amplifier output.
•
Detented level controls for precise repeatability.
•
Ultra-low harmonic and intermodulation
distortion result in the best dynamic transfer function in the industry.
•
Very low noise and wide dynamic range.
•
High damping factor provides exceptional
loudspeaker motion control.
•
Convection cooling system eliminates fan
noise and maintenance.
1.2 How to Use This Manual
This manual provides you with the necessary
information to safely and correctly setup and
operate your amplifier. It does not cover every
aspect of installation, setup or operation that
might occur under every condition. For additional information, please consult Crown’s
Amplifier Application Guide (available online at
www.crownaudio.com), Crown Technical Support, your system installer or retailer.
We strongly recommend you read all instructions, warnings and cautions contained in this
manual. Also, for your protection, please send
in your warranty registration card today. And
save your bill of sale — it’s your official proof
of purchase.
page 5
D Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.1 Unpack Your Amplifier
Please unpack and inspect your amplifier for any
damage that may have occurred during transit. If
damage is found, notify the transportation company
immediately. Only you can initiate a claim for shipping damage. Crown will be happy to help as
needed. Save the shipping carton as evidence of
damage for the shipper’s inspection.
We also recommend that you save all packing materials so you will have them if you ever need to transport the unit. Never ship the unit without the
factory pack.
YOU WILL NEED (not supplied):
•
Input wiring cables
•
Output wiring cables
2.2 Install Your Amplifier
CAUTION: Before you begin, make sure your
amplifier is disconnected from the power
source, with the power switch in the “off”
position and all level controls turned completely down (counterclockwise).
Use a standard 19-inch (48.3 cm) equipment rack
(EIA RS-310B). See Figure 2.1 for amplifier dimensions.
You may also stack amps without using a
cabinet.
2.3 Ensure Proper Cooling
When using an equipment rack, do not mount units
directly on top of each other. Allow some air space
between units for convection cooling. The side
walls of the rack should be a minimum of two
inches (5.1 cm) away from the amplifier sides, and
the back of the rack should be a minimum of four
inches (10.2 cm) from the amplifier back panel.
Figure 2.2 illustrates D Series amplifier
installation.
NOTE: When transporting, amplifiers should be
supported at the front.
Rack for mounting amplifier (or a stable surface for
stacking)
WARNING: Before you start to set up your
amplifier, make sure you read and observe
the Important Safety Instructions found at
the beginning of this
manual.
Figure 2.2 Installation
Figure 2.1 D-45 and D-75A Dimensions
page 6
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.4 Choose Input Wire
and Connectors
Figure 2.3 shows connector pin assignments for
balanced wiring, and Figure 2.4 shows connector pin assignments for unbalanced wiring.
NOTE: Custom wiring should only be performed by qualified personnel.
Figure 2.3 Balanced
Input Connector
Wiring
Figure 2.4 Unbalanced
Input Connector
Wiring
2.5 Choose Output Wire and
Connectors
Crown recommends using professionally constructed, highquality, two- or four-conductor, heavy gauge
speaker wire and connectors. You may use terminal forks or bare wire for your output connectors (see Figure 2.5). To prevent the possibility
of short-circuits, wrap or otherwise insulate
exposed loudspeaker cable and connectors.
Using the guidelines below, select the appropriate size of wire based on the distance from
amplifier to speaker.
Distance
Wire Size
up to 25 ft.
16 AWG
26-40 ft.
14 AWG
41-60 ft.
12 AWG
Over 60 ft.
10 AWG
CAUTION: Never use shielded cable for
output wiring.
Operation Manual
Figure 2.5 Output Connector Wiring
page 7
D Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.6 Wire Your System
2.6.1 Dual Mode
Typical input and output wiring is shown in Figure 2.6.
INPUTS: Connect input wiring for each channel.
OUTPUTS: Maintain proper polarity (+/-) on output connectors.
Connect Channel 1 positive (+) speaker load to Channel 1
positive terminal of amp; repeat for negative (-). Repeat each
channel wiring as for Channel 1. Refer to Section 2.5 for output connector pin assignments.
Figure 2.6
System Wiring
for Dual Mode
2.6.2 Bridge-Mono Mode
Your amplifier is factory-configured for dual (stereo) operation. As an option, the unit can be configured for higher
power, single-channel, bridge-mono mode by an authorized
Crown Service Center. To prevent damage to the
amplifier, do not operate the unit in bridge-mono
mode without the Service Center modification.
Typical input and output wiring is shown in Figure 2.7.
Do not wire the amplifier in bridge-mono
mode without having it modified by an
authorized Crown Service Center.
INPUTS: Connect input wiring only to CH 1.
OUTPUTS: Connect the speaker across the positive output
terminals. Do not use the negative terminals when the amplifier is being operated in Bridge-Mono mode.
NOTE: Crown provides a reference of wiring pin assignments for commonly used connector types in the Crown
Amplifier Application Guide available at www.crownaudio.com.
NOTE: When operating in Bridge-Mono mode, turn
down (full CCW) the CH 2 level control. The CH 1
level control works both channels.
Figure 2.7
System Wiring
for Bridge-Mono
Mode
If your loudspeakers don’t need the additional voltage, and you only have one input signal to drive multiple loudspeakers, you can use bridge-mono mode
without actually bridging the outputs. Bridge-mono
mode is like dual mode except the channel 1 input
feeds both outputs, and the channel 2 output is
inverted. To use bridge-mono mode without bridging
the outputs, wire your loudspeakers as you would for
dual mode, but invert the polarity of the channel 2
output wiring (positive goes to negative, and negative
goes to positive).
page 8
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
2 Setup
2.7 Connect to AC Mains
Connect your amplifier to the AC mains power
source (power outlet) with the supplied AC
power cordset.
WARNING: The third prong of this connector (ground) is an important safety
feature. Do not attempt to disable this
ground connection by using an adapter
or other methods.
Amplifiers don’t create energy. The AC mains
voltage and current must be sufficient to deliver
the power you expect. You must operate your
amplifier from an AC mains power source with
not more than a 10% variation above or a 15%
variation below the amplifier’s specified line
voltage and within the specfied frequency
requirements (indicated on the amplifier’s back
panel label). If you are unsure of the output
voltage of your AC mains, please consult your
electrician.
2.7.1 AC Mains Voltage Configuration
North American 120 VAC, 60 Hz units have a
standard three wire, grounded AC plug as
specified by UL requirements. The 120 volt
models and the European models have the
appropriate plug. The other 200, 220 and 240
volt models have a North American 120 volt
plug. The installer must cut off the plug and
supply and install a plug appropriate for the
installation. Note: Crown assumes no liability
whatsoever for ungrounded operation, nor for
violation of UL or local electrical codes.
120 VAC, 60 Hz North American units do not
have a convertible transformer, and cannot be
Operation Manual
used at other voltages and frequencies. International units can be operated with an AC mains
frequency of 50 to 400 Hz, and can be configured by an authorized Crown Service Center for
five different line voltages: 100, 120, 200, 220
and 240 VAC. The back panel sticker indicates
the unit’s factory configuration.
To alter your amplifier’s AC mains voltage configuration, take the unit to an authorized Crown
Service Center.
2.8 Startup Procedure
Use the following procedure when first turning
on your amplifier:
1. Turn down the level of your audio source.
2. Turn down the Level controls of the amplifier.
3. Turn on the “Power” switch. The Power
indicator should glow.
4. Turn up the level of your audio source to
an optimum level.
5. Turn up the Level controls on the amplifier
until the desired loudness or power level is
achieved.
6. Turn down the level of your audio source
to its normal range.
If you ever need to make any wiring or installation changes, don’t forget to disconnect the
power cord.
For help with determining your system’s optimum gain structure (signal levels) please refer
to the Crown Amplifier Application Guide,
available online at www.crownaudio.com.
page 9
D Series Power Amplifiers
3 Operation
3.1 Precautions
Your amplifier is protected from internal and external faults, but you should still take the following
precautions for optimum performance and safety:
1. Before use, your amplifier first must be configured for proper operation, including input and
output wiring hookup. Improper wiring can
result in serious operating difficulties. For
information on wiring and configuration, please
consult the Setup section of this manual or, for
advanced setup techniques, consult Crown’s
Amplifier Application Guide available online at
www.crownaudio.com.
2. Use care when making connections, selecting
signal sources and controlling the output level.
The load you save may be your own!
3. Do not short the ground lead of an output cable
to the input signal ground. This may form a
ground loop and cause oscillations.
4. WARNING: Headphone jack supplies full
output voltage. Always turn level down
(full CCW) before listening through
headphones; otherwise headphone or
hearing damage may result.
page 10
5. WARNING: Never connect the output to
a power supply, battery or power main.
Electrical shock may result.
6. Tampering with the circuitry, or making unauthorized circuit changes may be hazardous and
invalidates all agency listings.
7. Do not operate the amplifier with the IOC LEDs
constantly flashing.
8. Do not overdrive the mixer, which will cause
clipped signal to be sent to the amplifier. Such
signals will be reproduced with extreme accuracy, and loudspeaker damage may result.
9. Do not operate the amplifier with less than the
rated load impedance. Due to the amplifier’s
output protection, such a configuration may
result in premature clipping and speaker damage.
Remember: Crown is not liable for damage that
results from overdriving other system components.
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
3 Operation
3.2 Controls, Indicators and Connectors
Figure Figure 3.1 shows the controls, indicators and connectors on the front panel and back
panel of the D-75A. The D-45 layout is similar.
WARNING: HEADPHONE JACK
SUPPLIES FULL OUTPUT POWER AND
MAY DAMAGE HEADPHONES OR
CAUSE HEARING DAMAGE.
Figure 3.1 Front and Back Views
Operation Manual
page 11
D Series Power Amplifiers
3 Operation
3.3 Indicators
Your amplifier has five front panel indicators.
First, a power indicator behind the front panel
becomes visible when the unit is turned on and
has power. A signal indicator for each channel
(Figure 3.2 ) flashes when there is output from
the amplifier. The IOC (Input/Output Comparator) indicators work like sensitive distortion
meters and flash when the amplifier causes any
distortion of 0.05% or more. The IOC indicators typically glow for about one minute after
the AC power is turned off.
3.4 Controls
A power switch and detented level controls are
located on the front panel. When you power up
the amplifier, remember that the unit does not
have a turn-on delay. Each channel has its own
level control which is used to adjust the desired
output level. Both level controls (Figure 3.2)
are used in dual mode, but only the channel 1
control should be used in bridge-mono mode.
Channel 2 control should be fully counterclockwise in bridge-mono mode.
3.5 Fuse Replacement
The AC mains fuse is located on the back panel
beside the power cord. This fuse will not blow
unless something is wrong. Before replacing
the unit’s fuse, you should be sure to fix the
source of the problem. If the problem is not
immediately apparent, the unit probably needs
to be serviced by a qualified technician.
WARNING: Always unplug the amplifier
from the AC mains before removing the
fuse.
To replace the fuse, turn off the power switch
and disconnect the power plug from the AC
mains. Unscrew the fuse holder cap (shown in
Figure 3.1, back view) and remove the fuse.
Install appropriate fuse:
100 or 120 volt mains: 2 Amp type 3AG.
North American 200, 220 and 240 volt mains: 1
Amp type 3AG.
European 220 or 240 volt mains: 1 Amp IEC
type T, time lag, low breaking capacity.
Figure 3.2
Indicators and Level
Controls
Then, simply resecure the fuse holder cap and
reconnect the AC mains.
IMPORTANT: Never install a fuse that
has a higher current rating than the recommended value.
IMPORTANT: The 3AG and IEC fuses are
different physical sizes and require different holder caps. The 3AG and IEC
fuses should not be exchanged even
though they are the same value.
.
page 12
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
4 Advanced Features
and Options
NOTE: For detailed information about
these Crown amplifier features, please
consult the Crown Amplifier Application
Guide, available on the Crown website
at www.crownaudio.com.
4.1 Protection
Your amplifier is protected against all common
hazards that plague high-power amplifiers,
including shorted, open or mismatched loads;
overloaded power supplies, chain destruction
phenomena, input overload and high-frequency
blowups.
Protection against shorted and mismatched
loads is provided by an instantaneous limiter
that automatically limits current to the maximum safe value for the output transistors. With
a loudspeaker, you can tell the amplifier has
activated load protection because it causes
audible distortion. The noise might be compared to crossover notch distortion or a snapping sound, depending on the load
characteristics. Loudspeaker systems with
impedances of 4 ohms or higher should not
activate the protection system.
All voltage amplification circuitry is designed to
limit current. So in the extremely unlikely event
of a device failure, the amplifier will prevent further damage. The input stages are protected
from overload damage by series resistors. The
unit also features a controlled slew rate and a
V-I limiter that protect the amplifier from highfrequency (RF) blowups.
Operation Manual
4.2 Options
4.2.1 Bridge-Mono Option
Your amplifier is factory-set for dual (stereo)
operation. As an option, you may have the unit
configured for higher-power, single-channel,
bridge-mono operation. If you want the bridgemono modification, take the unit to an authorized Crown Service Center.
IMPORTANT: Critical differences
between dual and mono wiring are
described in Section 2.6.2.
4.2.2 Input-Sensitivity Option
The input sensitivity of your amplifier is factory-set to 26 dB gain. As an option, the unit
can be set to an input sensitivity of 0.775 volt
by an authorized Crown Service center.
For most applications, the amplifier’s default
setting of 26 dB gain will be ideal. With this
default setting, full output power is achieved
with an input signal of 0.632 volts for the D-45,
and 0.837 volts for the D-75A.
Some applications may require the gain structure to be calculated based on a sensitivity of
0.775 volts. And although the 26 dB gain setting provides a sensitivity for each amplifier
that is very near 0.775 volts, the 0.775-volt
sensitivity setting is provided for applications
that demand this sensitivity with a high level of
precision.
A Crown Service Center can activate the 0.775
volt input sensitivity without voiding the warranty.
page 13
D Series Power Amplifiers
5 Troubleshooting
CONDITION: Power indicator is off.
•
The amplifier has lost AC power.
CONDITION: No sound, even though
the amp has power. Power LED is on and
the amp is receiving an input signal. Signal
indicator is flashing.
•
The amplifier’s Power switch is off.
POSSIBLE REASON:
•
The amplifier is not plugged into the
power receptacle.
•
Speakers not connected.
•
The amplifier output level is so high that
the power supply fuse has blown. Verify
that input levels and output impedances
are within safe ranges. Refer the unit to
an authorized Crown service center for
fuse replacement.
•
Open circuit due to speaker failure.
•
There is a short on the amplifier
output. First disconnect your speakers
from the affected channel(s) one by one
to determine if one of the loads is
shorted.
POSSIBLE REASON
CONDITION: Distorted sound.
POSSIBLE REASON:
•
Load is wired incorrectly.
•
Input signal level is too high. Turn down
your amplifier level controls, or turn
down the input signal, until the clip light
goes out.
Note: If the signal sounds distorted even
though the Clip LED is off, the input signal is
distorted. Check gain staging and output levels of the mixer or preamp.
page 14
CONDITION: No input signal.
(Signal indicator is not flashing even though
audio is applied).
POSSIBLE REASON:
•
Input signal level is very low.
•
Level controls are turned down.
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
6 Specifications
Minimum Guaranteed Power
D-45
D-75A
120V/60 Hz Units, Dual mode, per channel, both channels driven
1 kHz with 0.1% THD
4 ohms
8 ohms
16 ohms
35W
25W
20W
55W
40W
25W
70W
50W
110W
80W
120V/60 Hz Units, Bridge mono mode
1 kHz with 0.1% THD
8 ohms
16 ohms
Performance
Frequency Response (at 1 watt, 20Hz - 20 kHz)
Phase Response (at 1 watt, 20Hz - 20 kHz)
Signal to Noise Ratio (below rated power, 20 Hz to 20 kHz)
D D-455
D- D-75AA
± 0.1 dB
± 0.1 dB
+10° to -15°
+10° to -15°
106 dB unweighted
106 dB unweighted
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) at 1 watt, from 20 Hz to 20 kHz
< 0.05%
< 0.05%
Intermodulation Distortion (IMD) 60 Hz and 7 kHz at 4:1,
from.25 watts to full bandwidth power
< 0.01%
< 0.01%
> 400
> 400
Damping Factor: DC to 400 Hz
Crosstalk (below rated power, 100 Hz to 1 kHz)
Input Impedance nominally balanced, nominally unbalanced
Load Impedance (Note: Safe with all types of loads)
Stereo
Bridge Mono
Required AC Mains
North American units
International units
Power Draw at Idle
Cooling
Dimensions: Width, Height, Depth
Net Weight, Shipping Weight
Operation Manual
>100 dB
> 100 dB
20 kilohms, 10 kilohms
20 kilohms, 10 kilohms
4-16 ohms
8-16 ohms
4-16 ohms
8-16 ohms
120 VAC, 60 Hz
100, 120, 200, 220, and 240 VAC (± 10%), 50 to 400 Hz
depending on the transformer configuration
120 VAC, 60 Hz
100, 120, 200, 220, and 240 VAC (± 10%), 50 to 400 Hz
depending on the transformer configuration
15 W or less
15 W or less
Convection cooled through chassis and front panel
Convection cooled through chassis and front panel
19 in. (48.3 cm) x 1.75 in. (4.5 cm) x 8.5 in. (21.6 cm)
19 in. (48.3 cm) x 1.75 in. (4.5 cm) x 8.5 in. (21.6 cm)
8 lb. 11 oz. (3.9 kg), 10 lb. 9 oz. (5.1 kg)
9 lb. 7 oz. (4.3 kg), 11 lb. 4 oz. (5.1 kg)
page 15
D Series Power Amplifiers
6 Specifications
D-45
FTC Continuous
Average Power at 0.1% THD
(See note 1)
Configuration and Load
(ohms)
20Hz-20kHz
Dual
(both channels
driven)
Bridge-Mono
(balanced output)
1 kHz
4
Max. Average Power at
0.1% THD
(See note 2)
Single-Cycle Tone Burst
Watts at < 0.05% THD
(See note 3)
40 mS Tone Burst
Watts at < 0.05% THD
(See note 4)
EIA Watts at
1% THD
(See note 5)
1 kHz
20 Hz
50 Hz
1 kHz
20 Hz
50 Hz
1 kHz
1 kHz
35
40
50
75
55
60
60
35
8
20
25
25
25
30
35
40
40
40
25
16
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
70
85
105
145
85
85
85
70
50
50
60
70
50
50
55
50
8
16
40
50
Figure 6.1 D-45 Power Matrix
D-75A
Configuration and Load
(ohms)
Dual
(both channels
driven)
Bridge-Mono
(balanced output)
FTC Continuous
Average Power at 0.1% THD
(See note 1)
Max. Average Power at
0.1% THD
(See note 2)
Single-Cycle Tone Burst
Watts at < 0.05% THD
(See note 3)
40 mS Tone Burst
Watts at < 0.05% THD
(See note 4)
EIA Watts at
1% THD
(See note 5)
20Hz-20kHz
1 kHz
1 kHz
20 Hz
50 Hz
1 kHz
20 Hz
50 Hz
1 kHz
1 kHz
4
45
50
55
65
85
120
65
70
70
55
8
35
40
40
45
50
60
45
45
45
40
16
25
25
25
25
30
30
25
25
25
25
8
95
105
110
140
165
235
140
140
140
105
16
70
75
80
90
100
130
90
90
95
75
Figure 6.2 D-75A Power Matrix
Notes:
All power matrix specifications are based on a 0.1% regulated 120 VAC, 60 Hz power mains and an ambient room temperature of 70° F (21° C).
1. Continuous power in the context of Federal Trade Commission testing is understood to be a minimum of five minutes of operation. Harmonic distortion is measured at the RMS sum total as a percentage of the fundamental output voltage. This applies for
all wattages greater than 0.25 watts.
2. A 1 kHz sine wave is presented to the amplifier and the output monitored for nonlinear distortion. The level is increased until the THD reaches 0.1%. At this level the average power per channel is reported.
3. A single cycle sine wave is presented to the amplifier and monitored for nonlinear distortion. The average power during the burst is reported. Loudspeakers must be able to withstand this level if they are to be safely used with this amplifier.
4. A 40 millisecond burst or a two cycle sine wave (whichever is of greater duration) is used and the power computed as the average power during the burst. The duty cycle of this test is 10 percent. This power level is a measure of how loud an amplifier is
as perceived by the human ear.
5. EIA standard RS-490 (both channels driven).
page 16
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
7 Service
Crown amplifiers are quality units that rarely require
servicing. Before returning your unit for servicing,
please contact Crown Technical Support to verify
the need for servicing.
This unit has very sophisticated circuitry which
should only be serviced by a fully trained technician. This is one reason why each unit bears the following label:
CAUTION: To prevent electric shock, do not
remove covers. No user serviceable parts
inside. Refer servicing to a qualified technician.
7.1 Worldwide Service
Service may be obtained from an authorized service
center. (Contact your local Crown/Amcron representative or our office for a list of authorized service
centers.) To obtain service, simply present the bill of
sale as proof of purchase along with the defective
unit to an authorized service center. They will handle
the necessary paperwork and repair.
Remember to transport your unit in the original factory pack.
7.2 US and Canada Service
Service may be obtained in one of two ways: from
an authorized service center or from the factory. You
may choose either. It is important that you have your
copy of the bill of sale as your proof of purchase.
7.2.1 Service at a US or Canada Service Center
This method usually saves the most time and effort.
Simply present your bill of sale along with the
defective unit to an authorized service center to
obtain service. They will handle the necessary
paperwork and repair. Remember to transport the
unit in the original factory pack. A list of authorized
service centers in your area can be obtained from
the Crown website at www.crownaudio.com, or by
calling Crown Customer Service.
Operation Manual
7.2.2 Factory Service
To obtain factory service, fill out the service information page found in the back of this manual and
send it along with your proof of purchase and the
defective unit to the Crown factory.
For warranty service, we will pay for ground shipping both ways in the United States. Contact Crown
Customer Service to obtain prepaid shipping labels
prior to sending the unit. Or, if you prefer, you may
prepay the cost of shipping, and Crown will reimburse you. Send copies of the shipping receipts to
Crown to receive reimbursement.
Your repaired unit will be returned via UPS ground.
Please contact us if other arrangements are
required.
7.2.3 Factory Service Shipping
Instructions:
1. Before sending a Crown product to the factory
for service, first call the Crown Service Department for a return authorization (RA) number.
2. Be sure to fill out the service information form
that follows and enclose it with your shipment,
either inside the box or in a packing slip envelope securely attached to the outside of the
shipping carton. Do not send the service information form separately. If you are sending the
unit from a Shipping Center, we recommend
taping the form to the product. We also recommend recording the serial number and model
before shipping for your reference.
Container. Minimum recommended requirements for materials are as follows: 275 P.S.I.
burst test Double-Wall carton that allows for 2inch solid Styrofoam on all six sides of unit or
3 inches of plastic bubble wrap on all six sides
of unit; securely seal the package with an adequate carton sealing tape. Do not use light
boxes or “peanuts.” Damage caused by poor
packing cannot be covered under warranty.
4. Do not ship the unit in any kind of cabinet
(wood or metal). Ignoring this warning may
result in extensive damage to the unit and the
cabinet. Accessories are not needed—do not
send the product documentation, cables and
other hardware.
If you have any questions, please contact Crown
Factory Service.
Crown Factory Service
1718 W. Mishawaka Rd.,
Elkhart, Indiana 46517 U.S.A.
Telephone: 574-294-8200
800-342-6939 (North America,
Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands only)
Facsimile:
574-294-8301 (Technical Support)
574-294-8124 (Factory Service)
Internet:
http://www.crownaudio.com
3. To ensure the safe transportation of your unit to
the factory, ship it in an original factory packing
container. If you don’t have the original carton,
you may obtain a product service foam-inplace shipping pack from the Crown Factory
Service Department at the number listed below.
For non-warranty service, you may also provide your own shipping pack, however we still
recommend using a Crown Supplied Shipping
page 17
D Series Power Amplifiers
8 Warranty
UNITED STATES & CANADA
SUMMARY OF WARRANTY
3
AR
YE
Crown International, 1718 West Mishawaka Road,
Elkhart, Indiana 46517-4095 U.S.A. warrants to
you, the ORIGINAL PURCHASER and ANY SUBSEQUENT OWNER of each NEW Crown product,
for a period of three (3) years from the date of
purchase by the original purchaser (the “warranty
period”) that the new Crown product is free of
defects in materials and workmanship. We further
warrant the new Crown product regardless of the
reason for failure, except as excluded in this Warranty.
ITEMS EXCLUDED FROM THIS
CROWN WARRANTY
This Crown Warranty is in effect only for failure of
a new Crown product which occurred within the
Warranty Period. It does not cover any product
which has been damaged because of any intentional misuse, accident, negligence, or loss which
is covered under any of your insurance contracts.
This Crown Warranty also does not extend to the
new Crown product if the serial number has been
defaced, altered, or removed.
WHAT THE WARRANTOR WILL DO
We will remedy any defect, regardless of the reason for failure (except as excluded), by repair,
replacement, or refund. We may not elect refund
unless you agree, or unless we are unable to provide replacement, and repair is not practical or
cannot be timely made. If a refund is elected, then
you must make the defective or malfunctioning
product available to us free and clear of all liens
or other encumbrances. The refund will be equal
to the actual purchase price, not including inter-
page 18
est, insurance, closing costs, and other finance
charges less a reasonable depreciation on the
product from the date of original purchase. Warranty work can only be performed at our authorized service centers or at the factory. Warranty
work for some products can only be performed at
our factory. We will remedy the defect and ship
the product from the service center or our factory
within a reasonable time after receipt of the
defective product at our authorized service center
or our factory. All expenses in remedying the
defect, including surface shipping costs in the
United States, will be borne by us. (You must
bear the expense of shipping the product
between any foreign country and the port of entry
in the United States including the return shipment, and all taxes, duties, and other customs
fees for such foreign shipments.)
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY
SERVICE
You must notify us of your need for warranty service within the warranty period. All components
must be shipped in a factory pack, which, if
needed, may be obtained from us free of charge.
Corrective action will be taken within a reasonable time of the date of receipt of the defective
product by us or our authorized service center. If
the repairs made by us or our authorized service
center are not satisfactory, notify us or our authorized service center immediately.
DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL AND INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
FROM ANY DEFECT IN THE NEW CROWN PRODUCT. THIS INCLUDES ANY DAMAGE TO ANOTHER
PRODUCT OR PRODUCTS RESULTING FROM
SUCH A DEFECT. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW
THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATIONS OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE
ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT
APPLY TO YOU.
WARRANTY ALTERATIONS
No person has the authority to enlarge, amend, or
modify this Crown Warranty. This Crown Warranty
is not extended by the length of time which you are
deprived of the use of the new Crown product.
Repairs and replacement parts provided under the
terms of this Crown Warranty shall carry only the
unexpired portion of this Crown Warranty.
DESIGN CHANGES
We reserve the right to change the design of any
product from time to time without notice and with
no obligation to make corresponding changes in
products previously manufactured.
LEGAL REMEDIES OF PURCHASER
THIS CROWN WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC
LEGAL RIGHTS, YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER
RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE. No
action to enforce this Crown Warranty shall be commenced after expiration of the warranty period.
THIS STATEMENT OF WARRANTY SUPERSEDES
ANY OTHERS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR
CROWN PRODUCTS.
12/01
YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO RECOVER FROM
US ANY INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
8 Warranty
3
AR
YE
WORLDWIDE EXCEPT USA & CANADA
SUMMARY OF WARRANTY
Crown International, 1718 West Mishawaka Road,
Elkhart, Indiana 46517-4095 U.S.A. warrants to
you, the ORIGINAL PURCHASER and ANY SUBSEQUENT OWNER of each NEW Crown1 product,
for a period of three (3) years from the date of purchase by the original purchaser (the “warranty
period”) that the new Crown product is free of
defects in materials and workmanship, and we
further warrant the new Crown product regardless
of the reason for failure, except as excluded in this
Warranty.
1 Note: If your unit bears the name “Amcron,” please substitute
it for the name “Crown” in this warranty.
ITEMS EXCLUDED FROM THIS CROWNWARRANTY
This Crown Warranty is in effect only for failure of
a new Crown product which occurred within the
Warranty Period. It does not cover any product
which has been damaged because of any intentional misuse, accident, negligence, or loss which
is covered under any of your insurance contracts.
This Crown Warranty also does not extend to the
new Crown product if the serial number has been
defaced, altered, or removed.
WHAT THE WARRANTOR WILL DO
We will remedy any defect, regardless of the reason for failure (except as excluded), by repair,
Operation Manual
replacement, or refund. We may not elect refund
unless you agree, or unless we are unable to provide replacement, and repair is not practical or
cannot be timely made. If a refund is elected, then
you must make the defective or malfunctioning
product available to us free and clear of all liens
or other encumbrances. The refund will be equal
to the actual purchase price, not including interest, insurance, closing costs, and other finance
charges less a reasonable depreciation on the
product from the date of original purchase. Warranty work can only be performed at our authorized service centers. We will remedy the defect
and ship the product from the service center
within a reasonable time after receipt of the defective product at our authorized service center.
HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
You must notify your local Crown importer of
your need for warranty service within the warranty
period. All components must be shipped in the
original box. Corrective action will be taken within
a reasonable time of the date of receipt of the
defective product by our authorized service center.
If the repairs made by our authorized service center are not satisfactory, notify our authorized service center immediately.
DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL AND
INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
YOU ARE NOT ENTITLED TO RECOVER FROM US
ANY INCIDENTAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM
ANY DEFECT IN THE NEW CROWN PRODUCT.
THIS INCLUDES ANY DAMAGE TO ANOTHER
PRODUCT OR PRODUCTS RESULTING FROM
SUCH A DEFECT.
WARRANTY ALTERATIONS
No person has the authority to enlarge, amend, or
modify this Crown Warranty. This Crown Warranty
is not extended by the length of time which you are
deprived of the use of the new Crown product.
Repairs and replacement parts provided under the
terms of this Crown Warranty shall carry only the
unexpired portion of this Crown Warranty.
DESIGN CHANGES
We reserve the right to change the design of any
product from time to time without notice and with
no obligation to make corresponding changes in
products previously manufactured.
LEGAL REMEDIES OF PURCHASER
No action to enforce this Crown Warranty shall be
commenced after expiration of the warranty
period.
THIS STATEMENT OF WARRANTY SUPERSEDES
ANY OTHERS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL FOR
CROWN PRODUCTS.
7/01
page 19
D Series Power Amplifiers
NOTES
page 20
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
Crown Factory Service Information
Shipping Address: Crown Factory Service, 1718 W. Mishawaka Rd., Elkhart, IN 46517
Phone: 1-800-342-6939 or 1-574-294-8200 Fax: 1-574-294-8124
Owner’s Name : ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Shipping Address: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Phone Number: ________________________________Fax Number: ________________________________ Email ________________________________________________________________________________
Model: __________________________________________________________________________________ Serial Number: ________________________________________________________________________
Purchase Date : ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
NATURE OF PROBLEM
(Be sure to describe the conditions that existed when the problem occurred and what attempts were made to correct it.)
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Other equipment in system: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
If warranty has expired, payment will be: ! Cash/Check
! Visa
! Master Card
! C.O.D.
Card Number:___________________________________
! Purchase Order for Crown Dealer
Exp. Date:___________________
Signature:______________________________________________________________________
ENCLOSE THIS PORTION WITH THE UNIT. DO NOT MAIL SEPARATELY.
Operation Manual
page 21
D Series Power Amplifiers
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
page 22
Operation Manual
D Series Power Amplifiers
THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK
Operation Manual
page 23
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