Operating instructions | Crown Audio MB-200 Switch User Manual

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Series 16
Gas-Fired Natural Draft Water Boilers
INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
These instructions must be affixed on or adjacent to the boiler.
WARNING: Improper installation,
adjustment, alteration, service or
maintenance can cause property
damage, injury, or loss of life. For
assistance or additional information,
consult a qualified installer, service
agency or the gas supplier. Read
these instructions carefully before
installing.
Manufacturer of Hydronic Heating Products
P.O. Box 14818 3633 I. Street
Philadelphia, PA 19134
Tel: (215) 535-8900 • Fax: (215) 535-9736 • www.crownboiler.com
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2
Table of Contents
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.
VII.
VIII.
IX.
X.
XI.
XII.
XIII.
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Before Installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Locating the Boiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Knockdown Boiler Assembly Instructions 6
A. Prior To Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
B. Boiler Assembly, Installation
& Leak Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
C. Jacket Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
D. Ignition Control & Gas Valve Installation
Standard Control System . . . . . . . 9
CSD-1 Control System . . . . . . . . . 9
E. Control & Trim Installation . . . . . . . 12
Air for Combustion & Ventilation . . . . . . . . 13
Venting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
System Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
A. Heating System Piping . . . . . . . . . . . 21
B. Piping for Special Situations . . . . . . 22
Gas Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Control System Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
A. Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
B. CSD-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Start-Up & Checkout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Service & Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
I Product Description
The Series 16 boiler is a cast iron hot water boiler designed for use in closed forced circulation hot water heating systems
found in large homes, multifamily dwellings, small businesses, office complexes and other commercial heating applications.
These boilers are Category I draft hood equipped appliances, which must be vented by natural draft using a lined masonry or
listed metal chimney system. An adequate supply of air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue gases must be
available in the boiler room. This boiler is intended for use with natural gas or LP / Propane gas.
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II Specifications
42
III Before Installing
1) Safe, reliable operation of this boiler depends upon installation by a professional heating contractor in strict
accordance with this manual and the requirements of the authority having jurisdiction.
•
In the absence of an authority having jurisdiction, installation must be in accordance with this manual and the latest
edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.13.
•
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Where required by the authority having jurisdiction, this installation must conform to the latest edition of the
Standard for Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers (ANSI/ASME CSD-1).
Make sure that a properly sized chimney is available and is in good condition. Consult the authority having
jurisdiction, Part VII of this manual and the National Fuel Gas Code for additional information on venting
requirements.
Series 16 boilers are equipped with an external draft hood which must be installed without alteration. Make sure
adequate head room exists to install Series 16 boiler models with the unaltered draft hood while maintaining proper
clearances from the vent connector to combustible materials.
Make sure that the boiler is correctly sized by utilizing an industry accepted sizing method.
Make sure that the boiler to be installed is configured for the correct gas (natural or LP).
Boilers installed at altitudes above 2000 ft. require different main burner orifice than those at sea level. Make sure that
the boiler is configured for use at the correct altitude.
Follow the instructions in Section V to assemble the boiler.
WARNING
This Product Must Be Installed By A Licensed Plumber Or Gas Fitter When Installed Within The
Commonwealth Of Massachusetts.
IV Locating the Boiler
1) Do not install this boiler directly on a combustible floor. This boiler may be installed over a non-carpeted combustible
floor by using the following special bases available from Crown.
Boiler Model
16-325
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
Combustible Flooring Base #
500506
500507
500508
500509
500510
2) Series 16 clearance and other boiler room space requirements depend upon the size of the boiler:
Models 16-325, 16-390 – These sizes are approved for alcove installation. Install with the minimum clearances shown
in Table 2. The clearances shown in Table 2 apply to all combustible construction as well as non-combustible walls,
floors, ceilings and doors (also see Figure 2).
Models 16-455, 16-520, 16-585 – These sizes must be installed in a boiler room that is “large in comparison to the
boiler”. Such a room is defined as having a volume at least 16 times that of the boiler. Table 3 shows the required
minimum boiler room volumes required for these three sizes. To find the volume of the boiler room calculate:
Boiler Room Volume (ft3) = Length (ft) x Width (ft) x Height (ft)
If the boiler room height is greater than 8ft, use 8ft in the above equation.
In addition to the minimum boiler room volume requirement, these three sizes must be installed with the minimum
clearances shown in Table 2. The clearances shown in Table 2 apply to all combustible construction as well as noncombustible walls, floors, ceilings and doors (also see Figure 2).
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All Models - The following service clearances are recommended from the top and front of the boilers:
16-325, 16-390 – 24 inches
16-455, 16-520, 16-585 – 48 inches
These clearances may be reduced to those shown in Table 2, however servicing the boiler will become increasingly difficult as these service clearances are reduced.
3) The boiler must be installed on a hard level surface.
4) Do not install this boiler in a location where gasoline or other flammable vapors or liquids will be stored or used.
Do not install this boiler in an area where large amounts of airborne dust will be present, such as a workshop.
5) The boiler should be located as close to the chimney as possible.
6) Do not install this boiler directly on a surface that may get wet. Raise the boiler on a pad.
Boiler Model
Front
16-325 & 16-390
16-455, 16-520, 16-585
18
18
Top
36
51-1/2
Sides
Rear
6
6
6
6
Clearance between adjacent Series 16 boilers in modular or multiple boiler installation = 1”
Table 2:
Minimum Clearances From Boiler To Combustible Material (inches)
Figure 2: Minimum Clearances to Combustibles
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Bo ile r
M odel
16-325
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
O v e r A ll
L e n g th
Jack e t
23
27
31
35
38
3 /4
1 /2
1 /4
3 /4
O v e r A ll
He ig h t
Flo o r T o
T o p Of
Jack e t
3 2 1 /2
3 2 1 /2
3 2 1 /2
3 2 1 /2
3 2 1 /2
O v e r A ll
De p t h
Jack e t
32
32
32
32
32
7 /1 6
7 /1 6
7 /1 6
7 /1 6
7 /1 6
Bo ile r
V o lu m e
( Ft 3 )
M in im u m
Ro o m
V o lu m e
( Ft 3 )
1 4 .5
1 6 .8
1 9 .1
2 1 .4
2 3 .6
2 3 1 .8
2 6 8 .4
3 0 5 .0
3 4 1 .6
3 7 8 .2
Table 3: Minimum Room Volumes Based On Sixteen Times Boiler Volume By Model Size
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V Knockdown Boiler Assembly Instructions
A. Prior To Assembly
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
Thoroughly inspect the cast iron heat exchanger for any shipping damage, i.e. cracks in the castings, broken lugs or
punctures due to mishandling.
Do not use a damaged heat exchanger.
All joints between sections have been factory sealed. Inspect the joints between the sections for openings due as a
result of shipping and handling. Reseal any openings with furnace cement.
All joints between the base and the heat exchanger have been factory sealed. Inspect the joints between the base and
the heat exchanger for openings due as a result of shipping and handling. Reseal any openings with furnace cement.
All joints between the flue collector and the heat exchanger have been factory sealed. Inspect the seal between the
flue collector and the heat exchanger for openings due as a result of shipping and handling. Reseal any openings
with furnace cement.
Confirm the tie rods are only hand tight to allow for thermal expansion.
Review all of the installation requirements in this installation manual.
Verify that all needed components are on hand. A complete list of all cartons along with their contents can be
found in the Parts Section of this manual.
B. Boiler (Base, Heat Exchanger, Flue Collector) Assembly, Installation & Leak Testing
1)
2)
Each boiler assembly (base, heat exchanger, flue collector combination) is tested and shipped as a single unit.
Place the base, heat exchanger and flue collector assembly in close proximity to the final location. Refer to Sections
III and IV in this manual for additional information on placement.
3)
Remove all packaging material, protective spacers and bracing from the assembly.
4)
5)
6)
Remove the base hold down bolts used to anchor the assembly to the skid.
Exercise care to avoid dropping the boiler while removing it from the skid.
Leak test the heat exchanger before installing the jacket, trim and controls. Refer to Figure 4 and Table 4 for
tapping locations and sizes.
a. Plug tappings C, F and return tapping B. Tapping E is plugged at the factory.
b. Insert a 3/4” x 1/4” NPT bushing in tapping D and install a pressure gauge with a mid-range of 50 psi in this
location.
c. Insert a 2” x 3/4” NPT bushing in supply tapping A and install a purge valve with a hose that runs to a drain in
this location.
d. Connect a fill valve and piping to the drain tapping G.
e. Fill the heat exchanger completely with water and vent the air through the purge valve. Slowly close the purge
valve and apply water pressure of at least 10 psi but less than 50 psi gauge. DO NOT EXCEED THE 50 PSI
LIMIT.
f. Carefully examine all parts of the heat exchanger assembly for leaks.
g. Drain the heat exchanger and remove plugs from tappings B & C. Also remove the fill valve, purge valve
pressure gauge and related piping used in the leak test.
Installation on combustible flooring requires the use of a special base designed and approved for use on combustible
floors. See Figure 5. This special base adds 4-3/4” to the overall boiler height. Follow the instructions below if a
special base is required.
a. Place special base on combustible floor with surface marked "FRONT" in upward position.
b. Locate special base with spacing to combustible materials as shown in Figure 5.
7)
c.
Place the base, heat exchanger and flue collector assembly on the special base. The assembly must rest inside
locating brackets. Note that the boiler jacket panels will overhang special base.
d.
Do not enclose boiler, or special base on all four sides. Models 16-325 and 16-390 may be enclosed on
three sides (alcove) while maintaining clearances shown in Figure 2.
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8)
Slide or walk the assembly into its permanent position. DO NOT DROP.
9)
The assembly must be level in both directions and supported around the entire base bottom. Shim and grout under
base if necessary.
10) The flame roll-out switch has been mounted to the burner access panel at the factory. On boilers with two access
panels the panel with the mounted flame roll-out switch should be located on the right. See Figure 4. The flame
roll-out switch is a single use device - do not test with heat - the switch cannot be reset.
11) Remove the immersion well from the Combination Boiler Parts and Control Carton. Insert the immersion well in
tapping D. See Figure 4. If a second limit or operating control is used, it is recommended that it be installed in the
near boiler supply piping.
Figure 4: Boiler Shipping Arrangement With Tapping Locations
Su p p ly Pip in g
Tapping
Loc ation
A
Component Des c ription
Tapping
S iz e (in)
2
Retu rn Pip in g
B
2
Pres s u re Relief Valv e
C
3/4
Ho n e y well L4080D Limit Co n tro l
D
3/4
Fa cto ry Plu g g e d
E
3/4
W as h o u t (Fa cto ry Plu g g e d )
F
3/4
Bo iler Drain Va lv e
G
3/4
Co mb in atio n Pre s s u re / T emp e ra tu re / A ltitu d e Gau g e
H
Bo iler Su p p ly
Pip in g
Bo iler Su p p ly
Pip in g
1/4
Ho n e y well L4006E M an u a l Res et Limit Co n tro l (By Oth e rs )
Lo w W a ter Cu t Off (By Oth e rs )
Table 4: Tapping Purpose Chart
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-
Figure 5: Installation of Combustible Flooring Base
C. Jacket Assembly
NOTE
Before installing the jacket, make sure to plug any tappings which are not going to be used. Also make sure that no
tappings are plugged which will be needed later for piping the boiler. See Section VIII for system piping.
1) Align the left jacket side panel with the screw holes located on the upper flange of the left base end
panel and loosely attach the left jacket side panel with two #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws as shown in
Figure 6.
2) Repeat Step 1 for the right side panel.
3) Insert the left and right sides of the jacket rear panel behind the rear flange located on the left and right
jacket side panels and loosely attach it to the side panels using eight #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws (four
per side) as shown in Figure 6.
4) On the front of the boiler insert the jacket vestibule panel between the left and right jacket side panels.
Align the screw holes located on the side flanges of the jacket vestibule panel with the screw clearance
holes on both the side panels and loosely attach the vestibule panel with four #10 x 1/2” sheet metal
screws (two per side) as shown in Figure 6.
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8
5) Lay the jacket top panel on top of the jacket side and rear panels. Locate the top of the rear jacket panel
to the inside of the jacket top panel. Align the sides of the jacket top panel to be flush with the outside
of the jacket side panels. Loosely attach the rear flange of the jacket top panel to the jacket rear panel
using three #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws. On the inside front of the boiler, attach the jacket top panel to
the jacket side panels with two #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws (one per side) as shown in Figure 6.
6) Return to the loosely installed sheet metal screws and tighten all screws.
7) Attach the four door mounting hardware clips (two per side) to the front end of the left and right side
panels with #8-32 x 1/2” machine screws.
8) Attach the door knobs to the jacket door panel with 8-32 x 1/4” machine screws.
9) Mount the jacket door panel to the front of the boiler.
D. Ignition Control & Gas Valve Installation
Standard (Honeywell S8610M) Control System
1) The standard gas valve assembly has been pre-piped with one half of a piping union and is to be connected
to the other half of the union located on the gas manifold. See Figure 7.
2) This connection must be leak tested before placing the boiler in operation. See Section IX for further
instructions on leak testing the gas piping.
3) Connect the pilot tubing from the pilot burner to the gas valve pilot tapping.
4) Attach the ignition module bracket to the jacket vestibule panel using (2) #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws. See
Figure 6.
5) Attach the Honeywell S8610M ignition control module to the ignition module base using (4) #8 x 1/2” sheet
metal screws.
6) Connect the green ground wire from the pilot assembly to terminal number 4 (Burner GND) on the ignition
control module.
7) Connect the orange ignitor wire from the pilot assembly to terminal number 9 (SPARK) on the ignition
control module.
8) Refer to Section X for complete wiring instructions.
E. Ignition Control & Gas Valve Installation
CSD-1 Control System
1) The CSD-1 gas valve assembly has been pre-piped with one half of a piping union and is to be connected to
the other half of the union located on the gas manifold. See Figure 8.
2) This connection must be leak tested before placing the boiler in operation. See Section IX for further
instructions on leak testing the gas piping.
3) Connect the pilot tubing from the pilot burner to the pilot solenoid valve located on the CSD-1 gas valve
assembly.
4) Attach the ignition module bracket to the jacket vestibule panel using (2) #10 x 1/2” sheet metal screws. See
Figure 6.
5) Attach the UT 1003-612A ignition control module to the ignition module base using (4) #8 x 1/2” sheet
metal screws.
6) Attach the UT daughter board mounting bracket to the jacket vestibule panel using (2) #10 x 1/2” sheet
metal screws.
7) Attach the UT 1145-2 daughter board to the daughter board mounting bracket using (2) #8-32 x 1/2 screws
and hex nuts.
8) Connect the green ground wire from the pilot assembly to the terminal marked 24V GND on the ignition
control module.
9) Connect the orange ignitor wire from the pilot assembly to the terminal marked SPARK on the ignition
control module.
10) Refer to Section X for complete wiring instructions.
11) Apply the ‘CSD-1’ wiring label over top of the ‘Standard’ wiring label located on the inside door panel.
11
9
12
10
Figure 6: Jacket Assembly
Figure 7: Gas Train - Standard Build
Figure 8: Gas Train - CSD-1 Build, 16-455, 16-520,& 16-585
13
11
F. Control & Trim Installation
1) Table 4 shows the use of all tappings on Series 16 boilers. The tapping letter designations referenced are
shown in Figure 4. Control and trim components are as follows:
a.
b.
c.
d.
4 x 4 Junction Box - Install the supplied junction box on the inside of right jacket side panel with two
8-32 x 1/2” machine screws and nuts. See Figure 6.
R8285D Control Center is to be mounted to the 4 x 4 junction box. Refer to Section X for complete
wiring instructions.
Temperature-Pressure Gauge - Install the T&P gauge in tapping “H”. Tapping “H” is located on the
supplied 2” NPT x 10” supply nipple (See Figure 9). DO NOT TIGHTEN THE GAUGE BY ITS
CASE.
L4080D Operating Limit Control - Insert the bulb of the control into the well until it rests against the
bottom of the well. Bend the tubing if necessary to provide enough force to hold the bulb against the
bottom of the well. Avoid making a sharp bend in the tubing as this can cause the control to malfunction. Tighten the screw on the bottom of the control so that it is securely clamped onto the well.
Figure 9: Temperature-Pressure Gauge Installation
14
12
VI Air For Combustion and Ventilation
Sufficient fresh air must be supplied for combustion, ventilation and flue gas dilution. Provisions for combustion,
ventilation and flue gas dilution air for gas utilization equipment vented by natural draft must be made in accordance
with local building codes or, in absence of such codes, in accordance with the National Fuel Gas Code, NFPA 54/ANSI
Z223.1.
Warning
An adequate supply of combustion and ventilation air must be provided
to assure proper combustion.
1) Start by determining whether the boiler is to be installed in a building of conventional construction or of unusually
tight construction. A good definition of a building of unusually tight construction is one which has all of the
following features:
•
Walls and ceilings exposed to outside atmosphere have a continuous water vapor retarder with a rating of
1 perm or less with openings gasketed and sealed.
•
•
Weather stripping has been added on openable windows and doors.
Caulking and sealants are applied to areas such as joints around window and door frames, between sole plates
and floors, between wall-ceiling joints, between wall panels, at penetrations for plumbing, electrical, and gas
lines, and at other openings.
2) Determine the volume of the boiler room space. Rooms communicating directly with the boiler room space, in
which the fuel burning appliances are installed, through openings not furnished with doors, are considered a part of
the boiler room space.
Volume (ft³) = Length (ft) x Width (ft) x Height (ft)
In calculating the volume of the boiler room, consider the volume of adjoining spaces only if no doors are
installed between them. If doors are installed between the boiler room and an adjoining space, do not consider
the volume of the adjoining space, even if the door is normally left open.
3) Determine total input of all fuel burning appliances in the boiler room space. Add inputs of all fuel burning appliances
in the boiler room space and round the result to the next highest 1000 Btu per hour.
4) Determine type of boiler room space to be used. Divide Volume by Total Input (in MBH) of all fuel burning appliances
in the boiler room space. If the result is greater than or equal to 50 ft³/MBH, then it is considered an unconfined space.
If the result is less than 50 ft³/MBH, then the boiler room space is considered a confined space.
A. For Buildings Not Of Unusually Tight Construction
1) Unconfined space - Fresh air infiltration through cracks and around windows and doors normally provides
adequate air for combustion and ventilation without additional louvers or openings into the boiler room.
2) Confined space - Provide two openings into the boiler room, one near the floor and one near the ceiling. The top
edge of the upper opening must be within 12” of the ceiling and the bottom edge of the lower opening must be
within 12” of the floor. See Figure 10.
• Each opening must have a free area of 1 square inch per 1000 BTU/hr input of all gas burning appliances in the
boiler room. The minimum opening dimension is 3 inches. Minimum opening free area is 100 square inches
per opening.
• If the total volume of both the boiler room and the room to which the openings connect is less than 50 cubic
feet per 1000 BTU/hr of total appliance input, install a pair of identical openings into a third room. Connect
additional rooms with openings until the total volume of all rooms is at least 50 cubic feet per 1000 BTU/hr
of input.
• The “free area” of an opening takes into account the blocking effect of mesh, grills, and louvers. Where screens
are used, they must be no finer than 1/4” (4 x 4) mesh.
15
13
Figure 10: Boiler Installed In Confined Space, All Air From Inside
• If providing openings into adjacent rooms is undesirable, combustion and ventilation air can be brought into
the boiler room from outdoors. See the instructions under “For Buildings of Unusually Tight Construction”.
B. For Buildings Of Unusually Tight Construction
1) Provide outdoor air through two permanent openings which communicate directly or by duct with the outdoors or
spaces (crawl or attic) freely exchanging air with the outdoors. The top edge of the upper opening must be within
12” of the ceiling and the bottom edge of the lower opening must be within 12” of the floor. The minimum
dimension of each air opening is 3 inches. Size each opening per the following instructions:
a. Direct communication with outdoors (Figure 13) require a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 Btu per
hour input based on all fuel burning appliances in the boiler room space but not less than 100 square inches. The
minimum opening size is 3 inches.
b. Vertical ducts or Openings (Figure 11 and Figure 12) require a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 Btu
per hour input of all fuel burning appliances in the boiler room space but not less than 100 square inches. The crosssectional area of the duct shall be the same as the required free area opening. The minimum opening size is 3 inches.
c. Horizontal ducts to the outdoors (Figure 14) require a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 2,000 Btu per hour
input of all fuel burning appliances in the boiler room space but not less than 100 square inches. The cross-sectional
area of the duct shall be the same as the required free area opening. The minimum opening size is 3 inches.
d. Louvers and Grilles of Ventilation Ducts - All outside openings should be screened or louvered. Louvers will
prevent the entrance of rain and snow. Louvers and grilles must be fixed in the open position. If motorized louvers
are used, they must be interlocked to prevent boiler operation in the event the louvers do not fully open.
Important
When determining the “free area” of an opening, the blocking effects of mesh screens,
grills, louvers and the like should be taken into account. Where screens are used, they
must be no finer than 1/4” (4 x 4) mesh.
16
14
Figure 11: All Air From Outdoors, Ventilated Crawl Space & Attic
Figure 12: All Air From Outdoors, Via Ventilated Attic
Figure 13: All Air From Outdoors, Using Openings Into Boiler Room
17
15
Figure 14: All Air From Outdoors, Using Horizontal Ducts Into The Boiler Room
18
16
VII Venting
Vent installation must be in accordance with local building codes, or the authority having jurisdiction, or Chapters 7
and 10 of the National Fuel Gas Code, NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1.
A typical vent installation is shown in Figure 15. The components of a vent installation are the draft hood, vent
damper (optional), vent connector and chimney.
1) Acceptable Chimneys - The following chimneys may be used to vent Series 16 boilers:
•
Listed Type B or L gas vent - Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, the terms of its listing, and
applicable codes.
•
Masonry Chimney - The masonry chimney must be constructed in accordance with the Standard for Chimneys,
Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel Burning Appliances (NFPA 211) and lined with a clay liner or other listed lining
system. Do not vent a Series 16 boiler into an unlined chimney.
2) Acceptable Vent Connectors - The following may be used for vent connectors:
•
Listed type B or L Gas Vent
•
Single Wall Galvanized Pipe - Use 0.018” (26 gauge or heavier). The size and location of the chimney may not
permit the use of a single wall connector in some cases. See Chapter 10 of the National Fuel Gas Code. Do not use
single wall pipe for vent connectors in attics.
•
Other Vent Connectors Permitted by the National Fuel Gas Code.
3) Chimney and Vent Connector Sizing – Size the chimney and vent connector in accordance with the National Fuel Gas
Code.
4) Exterior Chimneys - An exterior chimney has one or more sides exposed to the outdoors below the roof line. There are
two conditions under which an exterior chimney may be used:
•
In some very restrictive cases, Series 16 boilers may be vented into an exterior ceramic lined masonry
chimney. See the National Fuel Gas Code for information on when exterior chimneys may be used.
•
An exterior masonry chimney may be used if it is lined with B vent or a listed chimney lining system.
5) This boiler may be vented using a listed power venter. The power venter must be sized and installed in accordance
with the power venter manufacturer’s instructions, the terms of the power venter listing, and applicable codes. The
boiler must be electrically interlocked with the power venter to prevent boiler operation if the power venter fails to
operate. Before deciding to use a power venter, make certain that the flue gas exiting the power venter will not damage
adjacent construction or other structures. Also make certain that the power venter terminal will not be subjected to
winds which could effect power venter operation. The factory supplied draft hood must still be installed and may not
be altered. See Figure 9.
6) Do not connect the vent of this appliance into any portion of a mechanical vent system operating under positive
pressure.
7) Do not connect the boiler into a chimney flue serving an open fireplace or other solid fuel appliance.
8) Prior to boiler installation, inspect chimney for obstructions or other defects and correct as required. Clean chimney
as necessary.
Warning
.
Do not attempt to cut or otherwise alter the draft hood supplied with the Series 16
boiler. Do not mount the draft hood in a position other than that shown in Figure 15.
Doing either of these things could create a Carbon Monoxide hazard.
19
17
9) Series 16 boilers are supplied with an external draft hood which must be installed as shown in Figure 15 without
alteration. Before installing the draft hood, verify that the model number marked on the draft hood matches that of
the boiler being installed. Prior to securing the draft hood verify that the distance from the top of the jacket to the
bottom of the draft hood skirt matches dimension ‘E’ in Figure 1. Secure the draft hood to the boiler with at least
three screws.
10) Vent pipe should slope upwards from the draft hood not less than one inch in four feet. No portion of vent pipe
should run downward or have sags. Vent pipe must be securely supported.
11) Vent pipe should be installed above the bottom of the chimney to prevent blockage.
12) Vent pipe must be inserted flush with inside face of the chimney liner and the space between vent pipe and
chimney sealed tight.
(OPTIONAL)
Figure 15: Typical Venting
Arrangement For The Series
16 Boiler
13) On all Series 16 boiler models install the blocked vent switch assembly to the supplied external draft hood. See
Figure 16. The assembly consists of power cord and switch attached to mounting bracket and is shipped taped to the
top of boiler jacket. The procedure is outlined below:
a)
Untape blocked vent switch assembly from top of boiler. Uncoil power cord.
b) Position mounting bracket onto lower edge of draft hood skirt. Locate center tooth (with #10 sheet metal screw)
on outside and other two teeth inside draft hood skirt. See Figure 16.
c)
Slide mounting bracket tight against lower edge of draft hood skirt. Position #10 sheet metal screw above skirt's
stiffening rib.
d) Secure bracket in position by tightening #10 sheet metal screw against outer surface of draft hood skirt.
e)
Make sure that there is no slack in the power cord between the cable clamp on the junction box and the blocked
vent switch on the draft hood.
f)
Verify power cord, mounting bracket and blocked vent switch are secure and located as shown in Figure 16.
14) Do not install the optional vent damper in any portion of the vent system which is used by appliances other than the
boiler being installed.
15) Vent damper installation is optional on all Series 16 model boilers. When used, install the vent damper (Figure 17) as
follows:
a) Open vent damper carton and remove installation instructions. Read the instructions thoroughly before
proceeding.
Verify that vent damper is same size as draft diverter outlet. See Figure 1. Unpack vent damper carefully. Do not
force closed damper blade. Forcing vent damper closed may result in damaged gear train and void warranty.
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18
Figure 16: Blocked Vent Switch Installation Details
b) Vent damper is factory shipped having approximately ¾” diameter hole in the vent damper blade, which must be
left open for boilers equipped with standing pilot, and should be plugged on boilers with an intermittent pilot,
using the plug supplied with the damper.
Mount the vent damper on the flue collar without modification to either and secure with sheet metal screws.
Make sure screws do not interfere with damper blade operation. Vent damper blade position indicator must be
visible to users.
c) The damper wire harness is shipped loose. One end of the harness is provided with a quick connect fitting and
the other end of the harness is provided with a connector nut. Attach the end with the connector nut to the top
jacket panel using one of the 1/2” knockouts and plug the polarized connectors together. At the vent damper,
plug the loose end of the harness into the damper and attach the quick connector to the bracket on the vent
damper motor.
d) Install vent connector pipe and vent fittings from vent damper outlet to chimney or gas vent. Secure with sheet
metal screws and support as required.
Figure 17: Vent Damper Installation Details
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Removing An Existing Boiler From A Common Chimney
In some cases, when an existing boiler is removed from a common chimney, the common venting system may be too large
for the remaining appliances. At the time of removal of an existing boiler, the following steps shall be followed with each
appliance remaining connected to the common venting system placed in operation, while the other appliances remaining
connected to the common venting system are not in operation.
a) Seal any unused opening in the common venting system.
b) Visually inspect the venting system for proper size and horizontal pitch and determine there is no blockage or
restriction, leakage, corrosion and other deficiencies which could cause an unsafe condition.
c) Insofar as practical, close all building doors and windows and all doors between the space in which all the
appliances remaining connected to the common venting system are located and other spaces of the building. Turn
on clothes dryers and any appliance not connected to the common venting system. Turn on any exhaust fans, such
as range hoods and bathroom exhausts, so they will operate at maximum speed. Do not operate a summer exhaust
fan. Close fireplace dampers.
d) Place in operation the appliance being inspected. Follow the lighting instructions. Adjust thermostat so the
appliance will operate continuously.
e) Test for spillage at the draft hood relief opening after five (5) minutes of main burner operation. Use the flame of a
match or candle, or smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe.
f) After it has been determined that each appliance remaining connected to the common venting system properly vents
when tested as outlined above, return doors, windows, exhaust fans, fireplace dampers and any other gas-burning
appliances to their previous condition of use.
g) Any improper operation of the common venting system should be corrected so the installation conforms with the
National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1. When resizing any portion of the common venting system, the common
venting system should be resized to approach the minimum size as determined using the appropriate tables in Part
11 of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1.
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VIII System Piping
CAUTION
•
INSTALL BOILER SO THAT THE GAS IGNITION SYSTEM COMPONENTS ARE PROTECTED
FROM WATER (DRIPPING, SPRAYING, RAIN, ETC.) DURING APPLIANCE OPERATION AND
SERVICE (CIRCULATOR REPLACEMENT, ETC.).
•
OPERATION OF THIS BOILER WITH CONTINUOUS RETURN TEMPERATURES BELOW 120°F
CAN CAUSE SEVERE HEAT EXCHANGER CORROSION DAMAGE.
•
OPERATION OF THIS BOILER IN A SYSTEM HAVING SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF DISSOLVED
OXYGEN CAN CAUSE SEVERE HEAT EXCHANGER CORROSION DAMAGE.
•
DO NOT USE TOXIC ADDITIVES, SUCH AS AUTOMOTIVE ANTIFREEZE, IN A HYDRONIC
SYSTEM.
A. Standard Heating System Piping
1) Figure 18 shows typical boiler system connections on a single zone system. Additional information on hydronic
system design may be found in Installation of Residential Hydronic Systems (Pub. #200) published by the Hydronics
Institute in Berkeley Heights, NJ. The components in this system and their purposes are as follows:
a. Relief valve (Required) - Install a 3/4” NPT x 3-1/2” lg. nipple in tapping “C” located on the left side of the
boiler. Mount the relief valve on the end of the nipple as shown in Figure 1. The relief valve shipped with the
boiler is set to open at 30 psi. This valve may be replaced with one having a pressure up to the “MAWP, WATER”
shown on the rating plate. If the valve is replaced, the replacement must have a relief capacity in excess of the DOE
heating capacity for the boiler.
Pipe the discharge of the relief valve to a location where water or steam will not create a hazard or cause property
damage if the valve opens. The end of the discharge pipe must terminate in an unthreaded pipe. If the relief valve
discharge is not piped to a drain it must terminate at least 6 inches above the floor. Do not run relief valve discharge
piping through an area that is prone to freezing. The termination of the relief valve discharge piping must be in an
area where it is not likely to become plugged by debris.
DANGER
•
•
•
•
PIPE RELIEF VALVE DISCHARGE TO A SAFE LOCATION.
DO NOT INSTALL A VALVE IN THE RELIEF VALVE DISCHARGE LINE.
DO NOT MOVE RELIEF VALVE FROM FACTORY LOCATION.
DO NOT PLUG RELIEF VALVE DISCHARGE.
b. Drain Valve (Required) - Install a 3/4” NPT x 3-1/2” nipple in tapping “G” located in the rear of the left end section
of the boiler. Attach a 3/4” NPT pipe coupling to the end of the nipple and attach the drain valve to the end of the
coupling.
c. Circulator (Required) - The best circulator location is usually on the supply piping just downstream of the expansion
tank as shown in Figure 18.
d. Expansion Tank (Required) - If the expansion tank must be replaced, consult the expansion tank manufacturer’s
literature for proper sizing.
e. Fill Valve (Required) - Either a manual or automatic fill valve may be used. The ideal location for the fill is at the
expansion tank. On large systems with an automatic fill valve, it is recommended that a small water meter be
installed in the make-up water line to monitor the amount of water added to the system.
f. Automatic Air Vent (Required) - At least one automatic air vent is required and should be located at the expansion
tank. Manual vents will usually be required in other parts of the system to remove air during initial fill.
g. Low Water Cut-Off (Required in some situations) - A low water cutoff is required when the boiler is installed above
radiation. In addition, some codes such as ASME CSD-1 require low water cutoffs. Codes may also require that
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21
this low water cutoff have a manual reset function. The low water cutoff may be a float type or probe type, but must
be designed for use in a hot-water system. The low water cutoff should be piped into the boiler supply just above
the boiler with no intervening valves between it and the boiler.
Use a low water cutoff that breaks the 120 VAC supply to the boiler. Do not attempt to wire a 24-volt low water
cutoff into the boiler factory wiring.
h. Manual Reset High Limit (Required by some codes) - This control is required by ASME CSD-1 and some other
codes. Install the high limit in the boiler supply piping just beyond the boiler with no intervening valves. Set the
manual reset high limit as far above the operating limit setting as possible, but not over 240°F. Wire the control to
break the 120 VAC electrical supply to the boiler.
i. Flow Control Valve (Required under some conditions) - The flow control valve prevents flow through the system
unless the circulator is operating. A flow control valve may be necessary on converted gravity systems to prevent
gravity circulation. Flow control valves are also used to prevent “ghost flows” in circulator zone systems through
zones that are not calling for heat.
j. Isolation Valves (Optional) - Isolation valves are useful if the boiler must be drained, as they will eliminate having
to drain and refill the entire system.
B. Piping for Special Situations
1) Certain types of heating systems have additional requirements. Some of the more common variations follow:
a. Large Water Volume Systems - The bypass piping shown in Figure 18 will minimize the amount of time that the
boiler operates with return temperatures below 120°F on these systems. A bypass is installed as shown to divert
some supply water directly into the return water. The bypass pipe should be the same size as the supply. The two
throttling valves shown are adjusted so that the return temperature rises above 120°F during the first few minutes of
operation. A three-way valve can be substituted for the two throttling valves shown. If the circulator is mounted on
the supply, the bypass must be on the discharge side of the circulator.
b. Systems containing oxygen - Many hydronic systems contain enough dissolved oxygen to cause severe corrosion
damage to a cast iron boiler such as the Series 16. Some examples include:
•
Radiant systems that employ tubing without an oxygen barrier.
•
Systems with routine additions of fresh water.
•
Systems which are open to the atmosphere.
If the boiler is to be used in such a system, it must be separated from the oxygenated water being heated with a heat
exchanger.
Consult the heat exchanger manufacturer for proper heat exchanger sizing as well as flow and temperature
requirements. All components on the oxygenated side of the heat exchanger, such as the pump and expansion tank,
must be designed for use in oxygenated water.
c. Piping with a Chiller - If the boiler is used in conjunction with a chiller, pipe the boiler and chiller in parallel as
shown in Figure 19. Use isolation valves to prevent chilled water from entering the boiler.
d. Air Handlers - Where the boiler is connected to air handlers through which refrigerated air passes, use flow control
valves in the boiler piping or other automatic means to prevent gravity circulation during the cooling cycle.
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24
25
23
Figure 18: Standard Boiler Piping
Figure 19: Recommended Piping for Combination Heating & Cooling (Refrigeration) System
26
24
IX Gas Piping
1) Gas piping to the boiler must be sized to deliver an adequate supply of gas for the boiler to fire at the nameplate
input with the inlet pressure at the gas valves between the minimum and maximum valves shown on the rating
plate. For more information on gas line sizing, consult the Utility or the National Fuel Gas Code.
2) Figure 20 shows the typical gas piping connection(s) to the Series 16 boiler. A sediment trap must be installed
upstream of all gas controls. Install a manual shut-off valve and ground joint union as shown.
3) Be sure to use a pipe thread compound (pipe dope) compatible with the fuel type to be used i.e. NG (natural gas)
or LP (liquefied petroleum) for all gas line connections.
4) The use of teflon tape is not recommended for use on gas line connections.
5) The boiler and its gas connection must be leak tested before placing the boiler in operation. When doing this, the
boiler and its individual shut-off must be disconnected from the rest of the system during any pressure testing of
that system at pressures in excess of 1/2 psi. When pressure testing the gas system at pressures of 1/2 psi or
less, isolate the boiler from the gas supply system by closing its individual manual shut-off valve.
Figure 20: Gas Main Piping And Branch Connections To Boiler
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25
X Control System Wiring
WARNING
All wiring and grounding must be done in accordance with the authority having jurisdiction or, in the absence of such
requirements, with the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70).
1) Provide the boiler with a dedicated branch circuit with a fused disconnect. The minimum rating of this circuit
must be 15A.
2) Locate the supplied wire harnesses and wire the boiler following the appropriate wiring diagram in Figures 21 or
22. Use 14 gauge wire for all 120 volt wiring to circulators, low water cut-offs and auxiliary manual reset hi limits
switches supplied by others. The junction box located on the inside right side jacket panel is to become the hub for
all limit and low water cut-off wiring. All 120 volt boiler wiring must be enclosed in conduit.
3) Make sure that all single pole switches and safety controls supplied by others are in the “hot” (ungrounded) side of
the circuit.
4) If a LWCO and or manual reset limit are used, wire them so that they break the 120 volt “Hot” connection to the
boiler. Do not install these devices in the 24 volt factory wiring.
5) When wiring the optional vent damper attach the quick connect end of the supplied wire harness to the mounting
bracket on the vent and plug the quick connect into the receptacle on the vent damper. Attach the BX cable
connector located on the other end of the harness to one of the knockouts on the jacket top panel. Remove the
factory installed jumper plug from the vent damper receptacle located in the vestibule and insert the plug from the
vent damper harness into the vent damper receptacle. Cut the jumper wire on the jumper plug and discard it.
DANGER
Do not attempt to reuse the jumper plug on boilers installed with vent dampers. Flue gas spillage can occur resulting
in severe injury or death.
6) The 24 volt “thermostat / operating control” shown in Figures 21 and 22 is not supplied. It is the control that turns
the boiler on in response to a call for heat. Follow the thermostat / operating control instructions for placement
and wiring. Provide Class II circuit between the thermostat / operating control and the boiler. Wire the thermostat
or operating control across terminals ‘G’ and ‘R’ on the Honeywell 8285D Control Center as shown in Figures 21
and 22. Set the heat anticipator on the thermostat to match the setting listed on the ignition control.
7) Attach the line voltage or “hot” side of the circulator motor supplied by others to the yellow wire from terminal
3 on the R8222U relay located on the Honeywell R8285D Control Center. Attach the neutral side of the circulator
to the common leads in the junction box and ground as required by the circulator manufacturer. See Figures 21 and
22 for details.
Sequence of Operation – Vent Damper (If Used)
1) The vent damper is continuously powered at terminal 1.
2) On a call for heat, the damper relay coil is energized through terminal 2 if all the limits ahead of the damper are
satisfied.
3) The relay coil closes contacts which energize the damper motor, causing the damper to open.
4) When the damper blade reaches the fully open position, power is sent back to the ignition circuit through terminal 3
and the damper motor is de-energized.
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26
5) When a call for heat is satisfied, the damper relay coil is de-energized - closing the contacts which energize the
damper motor. This causes the damper to close. When the damper blade reaches the fully closed position, the
damper motor is de-energized.
6) Should a power failure occur, the damper blade will stop in the position it was in when power was lost. Combustion can never take place unless the damper blade is in the fully open position.
Sequence of Operation – Standard Boiler Wiring
1) All low water cut-offs and auxiliary limit controls are wired in series so that the boiler will not operate if any of
these controls are open. Under normal circumstances, only the operating control contacts will be open.
2) Upon a call for heat, the operating control will make and the vent damper (if used) will open. Simultaneously, 120
volts will be applied to the circulator.
3) 24 volts will then appear across the “24V” and “24V (GND)” terminals on the ignition modules.
4) Upon application of voltage across the “24V” and “24V (GND)” terminals, the ignition module will start an ignition
spark at the pilot and apply 24 volts across the pilot valve.
5) Once the pilot is established, the pilot flame will act as a diode, converting the AC current at the electrode to a half
wave DC current at the pilot’s ground strap. This DC current flows through the boiler to the “GND (BURNER)”
connection on the ignition module.
6) Once the ignition module detects the presence of a pilot flame, voltage is applied across the main valve, opening
the valve and establishing main flame.
7) The way in which the ignition module handles failure to establish pilot or the loss of an already established pilot
depends upon the exact ignition module supplied with the boiler. For more information on module operation,
consult the ignition module instructions supplied with the boiler or the local Crown representative.
Sequence of Operation – CSD-1 Boiler Wiring
1) All low water cut-offs, limit controls, and the operating contacts are wired in series so that the boiler will not
operate if any of these controls are open. Under normal circumstances, only the operating control contacts will be
open.
2) Upon a call for heat, the operating control will make and the vent damper (if used) will open. Simultaneously, 120
volts will be applied to the circulator.
3) 24 volts will then appear across the “24V” and “24V (GND)” terminals on the ignition modules and on the
“24VAC” and “COM” terminals on the 1145-2 Daughter Board.
4) The ignition module will start an ignition spark at the pilot and apply 24 volts across the pilot valve.
5) Once a pilot is established, the pilot flame will act as a diode, converting AC current at the pilot electrode to a half
wave DC current at the pilot’s ground strap. This DC current flows through the boiler to the “GND” terminal on
the ignition module.
6) Once the ignition module detects the presence of a pilot flame, voltage is applied across the main valve, opening
the valve and establishing main flame.
7) If the pilot flame is not established during the trial for ignition period, or if the pilot signal is lost after the main
flame is established, the module will de-energize the open pilot valve and main valve (if open) and wait 5 minutes.
It will then repeat steps 4-6. If the pilot is still not established, the Alarm contacts on the ignition module will
make. This will cause the 1145-2 Daughter Board to break power to the ignition module and illuminate the red
LED on the Daughter Board. The ignition module will remain de-energized until the reset button on the daughter
board is pressed.
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27
Figure 21: Series 16 Standard Boiler Wiring
30
28
Figure 22: Series 16 - CSD-1 Boiler Wiring
31
29
Safety Control Operation
Temperature Limit Control – The temperature limit control interrupts burner operation when the supply water temperature exceeds the set point. Maximum allowable water temperature in a water boiler is 250F. The L4080D will reset itself
when the water temperature drops below the set point less the differential (typically 15F). The circulator will continue
to operate for as long as the thermostat or operating control calls for heat. If a vent damper is installed, it will close
when the high limit opens. Manual reset water limit controls, such as the Honeywell L4006E, must be manually reset.
For this reason, they should be set well above the operating limit control to avoid nuisance boiler shutdowns.
Blocked Vent Switch - The blocked vent switch automatically interrupts main burner operation when flue gas spillage,
caused by a complete vent blockage, occurs. The circulator continues to operate and the vent damper (if used) remains
open with a call for heat. If the blocked vent switch is activated, do not attempt to place the boiler in operation. Correct
the cause of the spillage and reset the blocked vent switch.
Flame Roll-out Switch - The flame roll-out switch automatically interrupts main burner operation when flames or
excessive heat are present in the vestibule. The circulator continues to operate and the vent damper (if used) remains
open with a call for heat. This control is a single use device. If the flame roll-out switch is activated, do not attempt to
place the boiler in operation. Correct the cause of the spillage and replace the flame roll-out switch.
Low Water Cut-off (by others) – Low water cut-offs interrupt burner operation if the water level in the boiler drops
below a safe level. See the manufacturer’s instructions for further details on the operation of this safety control.
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NOTE
SAFE LIGHTING AND OTHER PERFORMANCE CRITERIA WERE MET WITH THE GAS MANIFOLD
AND CONTROL ASSEMBLY PROVIDED ON THE BOILER WHEN THE BOILER UNDERWENT THE
TESTS SPECIFIED IN Z21.13.
XI Start-up and Checkout
Use the following procedure for initial start-up of the boiler:
1) Make sure that the boiler is filled with water.
WARNING
•
NEVER ATTEMPT TO FILL A HOT EMPTY BOILER
2) Check all new gas piping for leaks and purge piping sections that are filled with air. See the National Fuel Gas
Code for additional information on testing and purging gas lines.
3) Verify that vent system is complete and free of obstructions before attempting to fire boiler.
4) Inspect all wiring for loose or uninsulated connections.
5) Make sure the main burners are seated properly in the rear of burner tray and on orifices.
6) Adjust thermostat to the highest setting. Make sure the vent damper (if used) has fully opened.
7) Start the boiler using the appropriate lighting instructions for the gas valve on the boiler on page 34.
NOTE
The combustion chamber insulation panels in this boiler contain a cornstarch based binder which may emit a strong
odor as it is burned out of the insulation when the boiler is fired for the first time. An hour or more of continuous
firing may be required to burn off all of this binder. Open any windows and outside doors in the boiler room to
maximize ventilation while this binder is burned out.
Figure 23: Pilot Burner Flame
Figure 24: Main Burner Flame
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31
8) Upon initial start-up, the gas train will be filled with air. Even if the gas line has been completely purged of air, it
may take several tries for ignition before a flame is established. Once a flame has been established for the first
time, subsequent calls for burner operation should result in a flame on the first try.
9) Observe pilot burner flame. See Figure 23. The pilot flame should be a steady medium blue flame covering
around 3/8” to ½” of the spark electrode / flame rod.
10) Inspect the main burner flames visible through the observation port in burner access panel. The flame should be
stable and mostly blue. See Figure 24. No yellow tipping should be present; however, intermittent flecks of
yellow and orange in the flame are normal.
11) Check entire gas train for leaks using soap and water or other approved leak detection method while boiler is
firing. Fix any leaks found immediately.
WARNING
•
•
NEVER USE A FLAME TO CHECK FOR GAS LEAKS.
MAKE SURE THAT THE AREA AROUND THE BOILER IS CLEAR AND FREE FROM
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS, GASOLINE, AND OTHER FLAMMABLE VAPORS AND LIQUIDS.
12) Run the gas valve safety shutdown test with the main burners firing. Disconnect ignition cable from the ignition
module on the boiler. Both the pilot burner and main burners should stop firing.
13) Check the manifold pressure and adjust if necessary. To do this, use the following procedure:
WARNING
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURE EXACTLY COULD RESULT
IN OVER-FIRING OF THE BOILER AND A CARBON MONOXIDE HAZARD.
a.
Connect a manometer to the inlet pressure tap on the gas valve (See Figure 25).
b.
Check the inlet pressure with all gas appliances on and off. The inlet pressure at the inlet of each gas valve
must be within the following limits regardless of what combination of appliances is firing:
Inlet Press (inches w.c.)
Natural Gas
LP Gas
Min.
5.0
11.0
Max.
14.0
14.0
If the inlet pressure falls outside of these limits, find and correct the cause of the problem before proceeding
further.
c.
Connect a manometer to the manifold (outlet) pressure tap on the gas valve on the first base module. See
Figure 25.
d.
Read the manifold pressure. It should be set at:
Natural Gas
LP Gas
3.5
10.0
Manifold Pressure (inches w.c.)
e.
If a manifold pressure adjustment is needed, make the adjustment by turning the pressure regulator screw
(See Figure 25) clockwise to raise the pressure and counter clockwise to reduce the pressure. If a manifold
pressure adjustment is made, recheck the line pressure to be certain that it is still within acceptable limits.
f.
Replace the cover screw on the regulator.
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32
14) Test thermostat operation while the boiler is running. Turn the thermostat to the lowest setting. Both pilot
burner and main burners should stop firing and the vent damper (if used) should close. Raise the thermostat back
to the highest setting. The vent damper (if used) should open and the pilot burner and main burners should relight.
15) Verify high limit operation. Allow the boiler water temperature to increase to high limit setting. The burners
should shut down, the circulator continues running and the vent damper (if used) closes. Allow the boiler water
temperature to drop below high limit setting. The vent damper (if used) should open and the pilot burner and main
burners should relight.
16) Inspect the vent system for flue gas leaks. Repair any leaks found before leaving the boiler in operation.
17) After the boiler has operated for approximately 30 minutes, check the boiler and heating system piping for leaks.
Repair any leaks found at once.
18) Review the “USER’S INFORMATION MANUAL” and system operation with the owner or operator.
Figure 25: Gas Valve Detail - Robertshaw 7000DERHC
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33
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS FOR BASE MODULES EQUIPPED WITH
ROBERTSHAW 7000DERHC SERIES GAS VALVES
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
A. This appliance is equipped with an ignition
device which automatically lights the pilot.
Do not try to light the pilot by hand.
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call
the fire department.
C. Use only your hand to push in or turn the gas
control knob. Never use tools. If the knob will
not push in or turn by hand, don’t try to repair it,
call a qualified service technician. Force or
attempted repair may result in a fire or explosion.
B. BEFORE LIGHTING smell all around the
appliance area for gas. Be sure to smell next
to the floor because some gas is heavier than
air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
Do not try to light any appliance.
Do not touch any electric switch; do not
use any phone in your building.
Immediately call your gas supplier from
a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas
supplier’s instructions.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been
under water. Immediately call a qualified service
technician to inspect the appliance and to
replace any part of the control system and any
gas control which has been under water.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
1. STOP! Read the safety information above on
this label.
5. Remove front access panel.
6. Rotate the gas control knob clockwise
2. Set the thermostat to lowest setting.
to OFF.
7. Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas. Then
smell for gas, including near the floor. If you then
smell gas, STOP! Follow “B” in the safety information above on this label. If you don’t smell gas
go to the next step.
3. Turn off all electric power to the appliance.
4. This appliance is equipped with an ignition
device which automatically lights the pilot.
Do not try to light the pilot by hand.
8. Rotate the gas control knob counter clockwise
to “ON”.
POSITION
INDICATOR
9. Replace front access panel.
10. Turn on all electric power to the appliance.
GAS
INLET
11. Set thermostat to desired setting.
12. If the appliance will not operate, follow the
instructions “To Turn Off Gas To Appliance” and
call your service technician or gas supplier.
ON
OFF
GAS CONTROL KNOB
SHOWN IN "OFF" POSITION
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
3. Push in gas control knob slightly and turn
clockwise
to “OFF”. Do not Force.
1. Set the thermostat to lowest setting.
2. Turn off all electric power to the appliance if
service is to be performed.
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34
XII Service and Maintenance
The following routine maintenance should be performed:
On a continuous basis:
1) Keep the area around the boiler free and clear from combustible materials, gasoline, and other flammable vapors
and liquids.
2) Keep the area around the boiler and boiler room ventilation openings clear of objects which might obstruct the
flow of combustion and ventilation air.
On an annual basis:
1) Turn off electrical power and gas supply to the boiler.
2) Inspect the flue passages for signs of blockage. If there is any carbon in the combustion chamber or the flue
passages, clean the heat exchanger before proceeding further. See the cleaning procedure on the next page.
3) Remove any debris found in the combustion chamber, being careful not to disturb combustion chamber insulation.
4) Remove all burners, noting the location of the pilot main burner. If burners show signs of deterioration, they
should be replaced (some discoloration around the burner ports is normal). Clean the burners by first brushing
the ports with a soft bristle brush and then vacuuming out any debris through the venturi opening.
5) Inspect the pilot assembly. Clean any deposits found on the electrode and grounding strap. The ideal gap between
6)
7)
8)
9)
the electrode and the ground strap is 1/8”. Inspect the porcelain for cracks or other deterioration. Replace pilot
assembly if deterioration is found.
Inspect the combustion chamber insulation for deterioration.
Inspect the ignition cable insulation for cracks or other deterioration. If deterioration is found, replace cable.
Reinstall burners, being careful to put the pilot main burner in its original location.
Inspect all boiler wiring for loose connections or deterioration.
CAUTION
LABEL ALL WIRES PRIOR TO DISCONNECTION WHEN SERVICING CONTROLS. WIRING ERRORS CAN
CAUSE IMPROPER AND DANGEROUS OPERATION. VERIFY PROPER OPERATION AFTER SERVICING.
10) Inspect the vent system:
•
•
•
•
Make sure that the vent system is free of obstructions.
Make sure that all vent system supports are intact.
Inspect joints for signs of condensate or flue gas leakage.
Inspect venting components for corrosion or other deterioration. Replace any defective vent components.
11) Inspect the boiler system for leaks.
CAUTION
WATER LEAKS CAN CAUSE SEVERE CORROSION DAMAGE TO THE BOILER OR OTHER SYSTEM COMPONENTS. REPAIR ANY LEAKS FOUND IMMEDIATELY.
12) Place the boiler back in operation using the procedure outlined in “Start-up”. Check the pilot line and any other
gas piping disturbed during the inspection process for leaks.
37
35
Heat Exchanger Cleaning Procedure
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
Turn off electrical power and gas supply to the boiler.
Disconnect the vent connector from the boiler.
Remove the blocked vent switch and the draft hood.
Remove the door panel and the top jacket panel.
Remove the burner access panels.
Remove the burners and inspect them for foreign debris and restrictions.
Clean the burners with a soft bristle brush and vacuum as necessary.
Remove the nuts and washers holding the flue collector onto the heat exchanger.
Remove the flue collector from the heat exchanger.
Clean the flue passageways using a stiff bristle brush. Be certain that all foreign material is removed from the
gaps between the pins.
Clean the bottom surfaces of the heat exchanger.
Put a light in the combustion chamber and look through the flue passages from the top to verify that they have
been thoroughly cleaned.
Replace the nuts and washers that hold down the flue collector.
Reseal the flue collector to the heat exchanger using furnace cement. The flue collector must be thoroughly sealed
to the heat exchanger.
Reattach all the jacket components.
Reinstall burners, being careful to put the pilot main burner in its’ original location.
Reinstall the draft hood. Reinstall the blocked vent switch on the skirt of the draft hood as shown in Figure 16.
Reconnect the vent system including the optional vent damper (if previously installed).
WARNING
SOOT DEPOSITS IN THE FLUE PASSAGES ARE A SIGN THAT THE BOILER MAY BE OPERATING AT HIGH
CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) LEVELS. AFTER CLEANING THE BOILER OF SOOT DEPOSITS, CHECK THE CO
LEVEL IN THE FLUE GAS TO INSURE THAT THE BOILER IS OPERATING PROPERLY.
If it is necessary to check CO, use a combustion analyzer, or other instrument which is designed to measure CO in flue gas.
A CO “sniffer” designed for testing CO levels in ambient air cannot be used to check boiler combustion. Take a flue gas
sample by inserting a sample probe through a small (approx. 1/4”) hole drilled in the draft hood pipe below the skirt. Do
not take a sample until the boiler has been firing for at least five minutes. Be sure to seal the sample hole after test.
A normal CO reading for a Series 16 boiler is less than 50ppm (0.005%). A reading of more than 100ppm (0.01%) is
indicative of a combustion problem.
Some causes of excessive CO include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Incorrectly sized main burner orifice for the altitude at which boiler is installed
Crooked or out-of-round orifice holes (never attempt to drill orifice for this boiler in the field)
Partially plugged flue passages
Improper manifold pressure
Foreign material in burner venturis or burner ports
Leak in seal between flue collector and heat exchanger
Inadequate supply of combustion air
Draft hood which has been cut or modified
38
36
XIII PARTS
The following parts may be obtained from any Crown distributor. To find the closest Crown distributor, consult the area
Crown representative or the factory at:
Crown Boiler Co.
Customer Service
P.O. Box 14818
Philadelphia PA. 19134
(215) 535-8900
www.crownboiler.com
For boilers installed at elevations above 2000 ft, consult the local Crown representative or the factory for the correct
main burner orifice.
16-325
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
16-520
16-585
1 EACH
1 EACH
QUANTITY
1
1
1
1
1
OPTIONAL VENT DAMPER KIT
16-455
OPTIONAL COMBUSTIBLE
FLOOR BASE
16-390
DRAFT HOOD CARTON
16-325
JACKET PANEL CARTON
BOILER MODEL
CONTROL COMPONENTS CARTON
(CSD-1 ONLY)
BASE / HEAT EXCHANGER / FLUE COLLECTOR
ASSEMBLY
FASTENER & TRIM CARTON
DESCRIPTION
CONTROL COMPONENTS CARTON
(STANDARD ONLY)
SERIES 16 MASTER PARTS LIST
1 EACH
1 EACH
PART #
1
1
1
260206
260136
500506
1
1
1
260207
260137
500507
260036
1
1
1
260208
260138
500508
260036
1
1
1
260209
260139
500509
260037
1
1
1
260210
260139
500510
260037
39
37
260035
40
38
Figure 26: Exploded View - Base Parts & Manifold
BASE / MANIFOLD ASSEMBLY
KEY
1
2
3
5
7
11
12
13
CROWN PART
#
DESCRIPTION
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
260660
2
2
2
2
2
16-325
260646
2
16-390
260647
16-455
260648
16-520
260649
16-585
260650
16-325
260666
16-390
260667
16-455
260668
16-520
260669
16-585
260670
16-325
260606
16-390
260607
16-455
260608
16-520
260609
16-585
260610
16-325
260626
16-390
260627
16-455
260628
16-520
260629
16-585
260630
BASE END PANEL
BASE CHANNEL
BASE REAR PANEL ASSEMBLY
BASE FRONT PANEL ASSEMBLY
BURNER ACCESS PANEL ASSEMBLY
1/4-20 X 1/2 SELF TAPPING SCREW
GAS MANIFOLD
QTY PER MODEL
16-325
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
900100
14
16-325
260156
1
16-390
260157
16-455
260158
16-520
260159
16-585
260160
MAIN BURNER ORIFICE - NAT GAS - DRILL # 38 (SEA LEVEL)
950362
14
15
15
16
1
1
1
1
11
13
16
18
20
13
MAIN BURNER ORIFICE - LP - DRILL # 52 (SEA LEVEL)
950357
11
13
16
18
20
14
ORIFICE HITCH PIN
950370
11
13
16
18
20
15
MAIN BURNER LESS PILOT BRKT
150161
10
12
15
17
19
16
MAIN BURNER WITH PILOT BRKT.
150160
1
1
1
1
1
17a
PILOT ASSY, Q348A1275 (NAT GAS)
35-4700
1
1
1
1
1
17a
PILOT ASSY, Q348A1259 (LP GAS)
35-4600
1
1
1
1
1
17b
KF24 PILOT ORIFICE (NAT GAS) (INCLUDED IN PILOT ASSEMBLY)
-
1
1
1
1
1
17b
KF16 PILOT ORIFICE (LP GAS) (INCLUDED IN PILOT ASSEMBLY)
-
1
1
1
1
1
17c
1/4" COMPRESSION FERRULE
3501150
1
1
1
1
1
18
10-32 X 3/16 MACHINE SCREW
146-95-301
2
2
2
2
2
19
1/4" O.D. PILOT TUBING (ft)
900040
3
3
3
3
3
20
1" 90° STREET ELBOW
950191
1
1
20
1-1/4" X 1" 90° REDUCING STREET ELBOW
950193
1
1
1
21
1" UNION
950101
1
1
1
1
1
22
1" X 2" NIPPLE
950102
1
1
1
1
1
23
GAS VALVE (NAT GAS), ROBERTSHAW 7000DERHC
3507310
1
1
1
1
1
23
GAS VALVE (LP GAS), ROBERTSHAW 7000DERHC-LP
3507315
1
1
1
1
1
24
1/4" FERRULE (INCLUDED WITH GAS VALVE)
3501155
1
1
1
1
1
25
FLAME ROLL-OUT SWITCH MOUNTING BRACKET
900122
1
1
1
1
1
26
FLAME ROLL-OUT SWITCH G4AM0600240C
960122
1
1
1
1
1
27
#10 X 1/2 HEX HD SHEET METAL SCREW
90-212
1
1
1
1
1
28
#8 X 3/4 SELF TAPPING SCREW
90-048
1
1
1
1
1
41
39
Figure 27: Exploded View - Base / Heat Exchanger / Flue Collector - Assembly
42
40
BASE / HEAT EXCHANGER / FLUE COLLECTOR - ASSEMBLY
KEY
29
30
CROWN PART
#
16-325
DESCRIPTION
BASE ASSEMBLY
HEAT EXCHANGER ASSEMBLY
16-325
See Figure 26
16-390
See Figure 26
16-455
See Figure 26
16-520
See Figure 26
16-585
See Figure 26
16-325
260016
16-390
260017
16-455
260018
16-520
260019
16-585
260020
QTY PER MODEL
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
30a
LEFT END SECTION
260001
1
1
1
1
1
30b
INTERMEDIATE SECTION
260002
4
5
6
7
8
30c
RIGHT END SECTION
1
1
1
1
31
FLUE COLLECTOR
260000
1
16-325
260126
1
16-390
260127
16-455
260128
16-520
260129
16-585
260130
1
1
1
1
32
5/16"-18 X 1-1/2" HEX HEAD CAP SCREW
900415
6
6
6
6
6
33
3/8" FLAT WASHER
90-036
6
6
6
6
6
34
5/16"-18 HEX NUT
90-910
6
6
6
6
6
35
5/16"-18 X 3/4" HEX HEAD CAP SCREW
900400
2
2
2
2
2
36
1/4"-20 X 1-1/4" CARRIAGE BOLT
90-201
6
6
6
6
6
37
1/4" FLAT WASHER
90-215
6
6
6
6
6
38
1/4"-20 HEX NUT
90-202
6
6
6
6
6
*
3" PUSH NIPPLES (INCLUDED IN HEAT EXCHANGER ASSY)
260003
10
12
14
16
18
*
FURNACE CEMENT (PINT CONTAINER)
900370
1
1
1
1
1
* NOT PICTURED
43
41
44
42
Figure 28: Exploded View - Jacket
JACKET PANEL CARTON
KEY
CROWN PART
#
16-325
DESCRIPTION
QTY PER MODEL
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
40
RIGHT SIDE JACKET PANEL
260300
1
1
1
1
1
41
LEFT SIDE JACKET PANEL
260301
1
1
1
1
1
16-325
260306
1
16-390
260307
16-455
260308
16-520
260309
16-585
260310
16-325
260386
16-390
260387
16-455
260388
16-520
260389
16-585
260390
16-325
260326
16-390
260327
16-455
260328
16-520
260329
16-585
260330
16-325
260316
16-390
260317
16-455
260318
16-520
260319
16-585
260320
42
43
44
45
46
REAR JACKET PANEL
VESTIBULE PANEL
TOP JACKET PANEL
JACKET DOOR PANEL
CROWN LABEL (EMBOSSED)
98-004
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
16-325
16-390
1
1
* NOT PICTURED
FASTENER & TRIM CARTON
KEY
CROWN PART
#
DESCRIPTION
QTY PER MODEL
16-455
16-520
16-585
47
DOOR KNOB
90-210
2
2
2
2
2
48
#8-32 X 1/4" H.W.H. SCREW
90-211
2
2
2
2
2
49
VERTICAL JACKET CLIP
800341
4
4
4
4
4
50
#8-32 X 1/2" SELF TAPPING SCREW
90-223
4
4
4
4
4
51
#10 X 1/2 HEX HD SHEET METAL SCREW
90-212
27
27
27
27
27
52
#8-32 X 1/2" MACHINE SCREW
90-052
2
2
2
2
2
53
#8-32 HEX NUT
90-053
2
2
2
2
2
54
3/4" DRAIN VALVE
95-041
1
1
1
1
1
55
3/4" NPT X 4-1/2" PIPE NIPPLE
95-102
2
2
2
2
2
56
3/4" NPT COUPLING
95-056
1
1
1
1
1
57
2" NPT X 10" PIPE NIPPLE WITH GAUGE TAPPING
950210
1
1
1
1
1
58
3/4" NPT SAFETY RELIEF VALVE 30 PSI
95-040
1
1
1
1
1
59
TEMPERATURE - PRESSURE GAUGE
95-069
1
1
1
1
1
60
4 x 4 JUNCTION BOX
96-055
1
1
1
1
1
45
43
44
46
Figure 29: Exploded View - Trim & Control Components
CONTROL COMPONENTS CARTON
KEY
CROWN PART
#
DESCRIPTION
QTY PER MODEL
16-325
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
61
IGNITION MODULE MOUNTING BRACKET
905000
1
1
1
1
1
62
IGNITION MODULE, S8610M 1011 (STD ONLY)
3505015
1
1
1
1
1
63
CONTROL CENTER R8285D5001 WITH R8222U DPST RELAY
3505555
1
1
1
1
1
64
GAS VALVE TRAIN ASSEMBLY (NAT GAS) (STD ONLY)
-
1
1
1
1
1
64
GAS VALVE TRAIN ASSEMBLY (LP GAS) (STD ONLY)
-
1
1
1
1
1
65
OPERATING LIMIT L4080D1218
35-3300
1
1
1
1
1
66
3/4" NPT X 3" IMMERSION WELL
35-1010
1
1
1
1
1
67
BLOCKED VENT SWITCH
960123
1
1
1
1
1
*
STRAIN RELIEF BUSHING FOR BLOCKED VENT SWITCH WIRING
960010
1
1
1
1
1
*
IGNITION MODULE HARNESS (STD ONLY)
9605100
1
1
1
1
1
*
WIRE HARNESS ASSEMBLY (STD ONLY)
9605120
1
1
1
1
1
*
GROUND WIRE
9601101
1
1
1
1
1
*
36" IGNITION CABLE
3501136
1
1
1
1
1
*
GAS VALVE TRAIN ASSEMBLY (NAT GAS) (CSD-1 ONLY)
-
-
-
1
1
1
*
GAS VALVE TRAIN ASSEMBLY (LP GAS) (CSD-1 ONLY)
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
*
IGNITION MODULE, UT 1003-612A (CSD-1 ONLY)
3503100
-
-
1
1
*
DAUGHTER BOARD, UT 1145-2 (CSD-1 ONLY)
3503105
-
-
1
1
1
*
DAUGHTER BOARD MOUNTING BRACKET (CSD-1 ONLY)
310200
-
-
1
1
1
*
DAUGHTER BOARD COVER (CSD-1 ONLY)
310205
-
-
1
1
1
*
PILOT VALVE (CSD-1 ONLY)
3503107
-
-
1
1
1
*
RV12L PILOT REGULATOR - NAT/LP (CSD-1 ONLY)
3503115
-
-
1
1
1
*
"PILOT COMPRESSION" x 1/8" MNPT ADAPTER (CSD-1 ONLY)
900460
-
-
1
1
1
9605920
-
-
1
1
1
*
WIRE HARNESS ASSEMBLY (CSD-1 ONLY)
*
GAS VALVE HARNESS (CSD-1 ONLY)
9605900
-
-
1
1
1
*
ALARM HARNESS (CSD-1 ONLY - PURPLE)
9605902
-
-
2
2
2
*
"R-STAT" JUMPER HARNESS (CSD-1 ONLY - GRAY)
9605907
-
-
1
1
1
*
"IGNITION MODULE HARNESS" (CSD-1 ONLY- ORANGE)
9605905
-
-
1
1
1
*
CSD-1 WIRING LABEL (CSD-1 ONLY)
980965
-
-
1
1
1
*
INSTALLATION MANUAL
980416
1
1
1
1
1
*
USER'S MANUAL
980446
1
1
1
1
1
* NOT PICTURED
NOTE: SOME STANDARD FITTINGS USED ON CSD-1 MODEL BOILERS NOT LISTED - PROCURE THESE LOCALLY
OPTIONAL AUTOMATIC VENT DAMPER KIT
KEY
*
*
CROWN PART
#
16-325
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONAL VENT DAMPER HARNESS
OPTIONAL AUTOMATIC VENT DAMPER
9605125
16-325
96-035
16-390
96-036
16-455
96-036
16-520
96-037
16-585
96-037
* NOT PICTURED
47
45
1
QTY PER MODEL
16-390
16-455
16-520
16-585
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Manufacturer of Hydronic Heating Products
P.O. Box 14818 3633 I. Street
Philadelphia, PA 19134
Tel: (215) 535-8900 • Fax: (215) 535-9736 • www.crownboiler.com
48
PN:980416
S16-06/04
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