Service manual | Cub Cadet 18.5HP Z-Force 42 Lawn Mower User Manual

Hydrostatic Zero-Turn
Residential Riding Mower
Turf Equipment
MODEL
18.5HP Z-Force 42
20HP Z-Force 44
22HP Z-Force 48
OPERATOR’S AND SERVICE MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General Safety Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
A. General Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
B. Slope Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
C. Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
D. Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
A. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
B. Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
C. Initial Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
D. Zero Turn Break-In and Operating Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Maintenance and Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
A. Mower Deck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
B. Hydrostatic Drive System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
C. Electrical Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
D. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
E. Brakes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
F. Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
G.Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Performance Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
A. High Speed Tracking Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
B. Engine RPM Check and Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
C. Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
D. Deck Center Anti-Scalp Roller Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
E. Lap Bar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
F. Deck Leveling Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Slope Gauge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Back cover
This product may be covered by one or more of the following patents:
D409,208; 5,946,894; 6,070,690; Pending
2
FORWARD
The Hydrostatic Zero-Turn Riding Mower provides superb maneuverability and mid-mount cutting. The machine incorporates many safety features that should be studied by all operators
before use. The list of safety precautions should receive particular attention.
This manual presents all of the operating and maintenance instructions necessary to keep
your mower at peak efficiency. If operated and maintained properly, your mower will give
dependable service.
CAUTION:
Only thoroughly trained persons should operate and maintain this
mower. This machine can cause serious injury to anyone who misuses it and does not understand its operation. For their personal
safety, all operators are required to read this entire manual before
operating the mower.
Hazard control and accident prevention are partially dependent
upon the design and configuration of the equipment. Awareness,
concern, prudence and proper training of the personnel involved in
the operation, transport, maintenance and storage of the equipment, are essential for hazard control and accident prevention.
3
WARNING
•
•
•
The engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved
forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a
spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California, the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources
Code). Other States may have similar laws. Federal laws apply to federal lands. A spark arrester muffler
may be available.
IMPORTANT
SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES
TH IS S YM B OL P O IN TS O U T IM P ORTA NT S AFET Y IN STR U CTIO NS W H IC H , IF NO T FO LLO W E D,
CO U LD E ND AN G ER T HE P ER SO N AL SAFE TY AN D /O R PRO P ERTY O F YO U RS ELF AN D O TH ER S. R EAD AN D FO LLOW A LL IN STR UC TIO N S IN TH IS M AN UA L BEF OR E ATTEM PTING TO
O PER ATE YO U R U NIT. FA ILU RE TO CO M PLY W ITH TH ES E IN STR UC TIO NS M AY R ESU LT IN
PE RS ON AL IN JU RY. W H EN YO U SE E TH IS S YM B OLHEED ITS WARNING.
DANGER
Your lawn mower was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation
in this manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the
part of the operator can result in injury. This lawn mower is capable of amputating
hands and feet or throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
GENERAL SAFETY
OPERATIONS
5.
A. GENERAL OPERATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
6.
7.
Read, understand and follow all instructions in
the manual and on the machine before starting. Keep this manual in a safe place for
future and regular reference and for ordering
replacement parts.
Only allow responsible individuals familiar with
the instructions to operate the machine. Know
the controls and how to stop the machine
quickly.
Do not put hands or feet under the cutting
deck or near rotating parts.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys,
wire, etc. which could be picked up and thrown
by the blades. A small object may have been
overlooked and could be accidentally thrown
by the mower in any direction and cause injury
to you or a bystander. To help avoid a thrown
objects injury, keep children, animals,
bystanders and helpers at least 75 feet from
the mower while it is in operation. Always
wear safety glasses with side shields or safety
goggles during operation or while performing
and adjustment or repair, to protect eyes from
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
4
foreign objects. Stop the blades when crossing gravel drives, walks or roads.
Be sure the area is clear of other people
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Disengage the blades before shifting into
reverse and backing up. Always look down
and behind before and while backing.
Be aware of the mower and attachment discharge direction and do not point it at anyone.
Do not operate the mower without either the
entire grass catcher or the chute guard in
place.
Slow down before turning. Operate the
machine smoothly. Avoid erratic operation
and excessive speed.
Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off the blades, place the transmission in neutral, set the parking brake, stop the
engine and remove key before dismounting.
Turn off blades when not mowing.
Stop the engine and wait until the blades
come to a complete stop before (a) removing
the grass catcher or unclogging chute, or (b)
making any repairs, adjusting or removing any
grass or debris.
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
DO:
• Mow across slopes, not up and down.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low enough speed
so that you will not have to stop while on the
slope.
• Follow the manufacture’s recommendations for
counterweights with attachments to improve stability.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other
attachments. These can change the stability of
the machine.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and
gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed
or direction. Rapid acceleration or deceleration
could cause the front of the machine to lift and
rapidly flip over backwards, which could cause
serious injury.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If the
tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.
14. Do not operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
15. Watch for traffic when operating near or
crossing roadways.
16. Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck. This unit
should not be driven up or down a ramp onto
a trailer or truck under power, because the
unit could tip over causing serious personal
injury. The unit must be pushed manually on
a ramp to load or unload properly.
17. Never make a cutting height adjustment while
the engine is running if the operator must dismount to do so.
18. Wear sturdy, rough-soled work shoes and
closefitting slacks and shirts. Do not wear
loose fitting clothes or jewelry. They can be
caught in moving parts. Never operate a unit
in bare feet, sandals or sneakers.
19. Check overhead clearance carefully before
driving under power lines, wires, bridges or
low hanging tree branches, before entering or
leaving buildings, or in any other situation
where the operator may be struck or pulled
from the unit, which could result in serious
injury.
20. Disengage all attachment clutches, set the
parking brake to the on position and put the
lap bars to the neutral or out position, before
attempting to start the engine.
21. Your mower is designed to cut normal residential grass of a height no more than 10”.
Do not attempt to mow through unusually tall,
dry grass (e.g. pasture) or piles of dry leaves.
Debris may build up on the mower deck or
contact the engine exhaust presenting a
potential fire hazard.
22. Use only accessories approved for this
machine by Cub Cadet. Read, understand
and follow all instructions provided with the
approved accessory.
DO NOT:
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary; then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an
edge caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction
could cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting
your foot on the ground.
• Do not use the grass catcher on steep slopes.
C. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not
alert to the presence of children. Children are
often attracted to the machine and the mowing
activity. Never assume that children will remain
where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and in
watchful care of an adult other than the operator.
2. Be alert and turn the machine off if children
enter the area.
3. Before and when backing up, look behind and
down for small children.
4. Never carry children, even with the blades off.
They may fall off and be seriously injured or
may interfere with safe machine operation.
5. Never allow children under 14 years old to
operate the machine. Children 14 years and
over should only operate the machine under
B. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and tip-over accidents, which can result in
severe injury or death. All slopes require extra
caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you
feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
For your safety, use the slope gauge included as
a part of this manual (see pg. 27) to measure
slopes before operating this unit on a sloped or
hilly area. If the slope is greater than 15 degrees
as shown on the slope gauge, do not operate this
unit on that area or serious injury could result.
5
6.
7.
close parental supervision and proper instruction.
Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees or other objects that may
obscure your vision of a child or other hazard.
Remove the key when the machine is left
unattended to prevent unauthorized operation.
8.
9.
D. SERVICE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Use extreme care in handling gasoline and
other fuels. They are extremely flammable
and the vapors are explosive.
a.
Use only an approved container.
b.
Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with
the engine running. Allow the engine
to cool at least two minutes before
refueling.
c.
Replace the fuel cap securely and
wipe off any spilled fuel before starting
the engine as it may cause a fire or
explosion.
d.
Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes
and other sources of ignition.
e.
Never refuel the machine indoors
because fuel vapors will accumulate in
the area.
f.
Never store the fuel container or
machine inside where there is an open
flame or spark, such as a gas hot
water heater, space heater or furnace.
Never run a machine inside a closed area.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the machine free
of grass, leaves or other debris build-up.
Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow the
machine to cool at least 5 minutes before storing.
Before cleaning, repairing or inspecting, make
certain the blade and all moving parts have
stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire, and
keep the wire away from the spark plug to prevent accidental starting.
Check the blade and engine mounting bolts at
frequent intervals for proper tightness. Also
visually inspect blades for damage (e.g.,
excessive wear, bent, cracked). Replace with
blades which meet original equipment specifications.
Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight to be
sure the equipment is in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly. Use all guards as
instructed in this manual.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
After striking a foreign object, stop the engine,
remove the wire from the spark plug and thoroughly inspect the mower for any damage.
Repair the damage before restarting and
operating the machine.
Grass catcher components are subject to
wear, damage and deterioration, which could
expose moving parts or allow objects to be
thrown. For your safety protection, frequently
check the components and replace with manufacturers recommended parts when necessary.
Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap
the blades or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing blades.
Check park brake operation frequently. Adjust
and service as required.
Muffler, engine and belt guards become hot
during operation and can cause a burn. Allow
to cool down before touching.
Do not change the engine governor settings
or overspeed the engine. Excessive engine
speeds are dangerous.
Observe proper disposal laws and regulations. Improper disposal of fluids and materials can harm the environment and the
ecology.
a.
Prior to disposal, contact your local
Environmental Protection Agency to
determine the proper method for disposing of the waste. Recycling centers are established to properly
dispose of materials in an environmentally safe fashion.
b.
Use proper containers when draining
fluids. Do not use food or beverage
containers that may mislead someone
into drinking from them. Properly dispose of the containers immediately following the draining of fluids.
c.
DO NOT pour oil or other fluids into the
ground, down drain or into a stream,
pond, lake or other body of water.
Observe Environmental Protection
Agency regulations when disposing of
oil, fuel, coolant, brake fluid, filters, batteries, tires and other harmful waste.
We do not recommend the use of high pressure washers to clean your unit. They may
cause damage to electrical components; spindles; pulleys; bearings; or the engine.
WARNING-YOUR RESPONSIBILITY: Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who
read, understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual and on the machine.
6
SAFETY DECALS AND LABELS
DANGER
Belt
Routing
KEEP HANDS AND FEET AWAY.
DO NOT OPERATE MOWER
UNLESS CHUTE DEFLECTOR
OR ENTIRE GRASS CATCHER IS
IN ITS PROPER PLACE.
S30503
ASSEMBLE CHUTE DEFLECTOR TO THIS UNIT BEFORE OPERATING.
Part Number: 777I22250 (for 42” Deck)
Part Number: 777S30503
Part Number: 777I20847 (for 44” Deck)
LOWERCUTTING DECKHIGHER
Part Number: 777I22215 (for 48” Deck)
To unlock, pull part of handle inward.
Lift unlocked handle to increase cutting height.
To lock, release upper part of handle to move outward.
I22093
Part Number: 777I22093
Part Number: 777S32161
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Part Number: 777I22094
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Part Number: 777S30018
T O R E D U C E T H E R I S K O F I N J U R Y,
D O N O T O P E R AT E M O W E R U N L E S S
DISCHARGE CHUTE COVER OR GRASS
C AT C H E R I S I N I T S P RO P E R P L AC E .
Part Number: 777I22212
DANGER
KEEP HANDS and FEET AWAY
Part Number: 777I22197
Part Number: 777S30145
7
SPECIFICATIONS
Engine:
Type:
Air Cleaner:
Lube System:
Starter:
Traction Drive:
Cutter Deck;Drive:
Clutch:
Deck Lift:
Cutting Height:
No. of Blades
Controls:
Parking Brake:
Front Caster Wheels:
Tire Pressure:
Drive Wheels:
Frame:
Seat:
Fuel Tank:
Ground Speed:
Instrumentation:
Net Weight:
18.5HP, 20HP & 22HP Briggs & Stratton
Vertical air cooled V-Twin
Paper element
Pressurized with oil filter, drain valve with hose
12-volt electric
Engine to two variable-speed integrated hydraulic pump and
wheel motors on each drive wheel
42”, 44" & 48” belt driven
Electric
Hand lever w/ lock for height adjustment
1-1/2" to 4"
3, belt-driven, power take-off from engine
Engine ignition and start switch; throttle & choke; left and right
steering levers; electric blade clutch switch; parking brake; mower
deck lift
Mechanical linkage attached to the brake handle
11 x 5.00 - 5
8-10 psi rear, 20-25 psi front caster
18 x 6.50-8 for 42”, 18 x 8.50 - 8 for 44”, 18 x 9.50-8 for 48”
Structural steel, all welded construction
Adjustable seat. 4" Adjustment, optional arm rests for 42” & 44”,
standard arm rests for 48”
One 5 gallon with shut off valve
0-7 MPH forward. 0-3 MPH reverse
Hour meter
594 lbs w/42” deck, 598 lbs w/44" deck, 602 lbs w/48” deck
8
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Figure. 1
Hour Meter
Figure. 2
Choke
Electric Blade
Clutch Switch
Engine throttle
Ignition Switch
A. General
ing and raise the cutting deck to the transport position. Always allow other vehicles
to have the right of way.
l. If you hit a solid object while mowing, turn
off the blade clutch switch, place the steering levers in the neutral, opened-out position, move the throttle to slow, set the
parking brake, shut off the engine, and
take the key from the ignition switch.
Inspect for damage. Repair the damage.
Make sure the blades are in good condition
and that the blade bolts are tight before
restarting the engine.
m. Never leave the mower unattended without
performing the following: turn off the blade
clutch switch, placing the steering levers in
the neutral open-out position, moving the
throttle to slow, setting the parking brake,
shutting off the engine and taking the key
from the ignition switch.
n. Never walk or stand on the discharge side
of the mower when the engine is running.
Turn off the blade clutch switch if another
person approaches while you are operating the mower.
o. Never attempt to operate the traction unit
without having the mowing deck attached.
p. Keep the mower and especially the engine
and hydraulic components clean and free
of grease, grass, and leaves to reduce the
chance of fire and permit proper cooling.
2. Safety Awareness when Mowing
a. Do not operate on steep slopes, those
above 15 degrees (27% slope).
b. Avoid turning downhill if possible, use extra
care and go slowly.
1. When Mowing:
a. Keep adults, children, and pets away from
the area to be mowed.
b. When operating this mower, in the forward
direction, do not allow the steering levers
to return to neutral on their own. Always
maintain a firm grip on the levers, operate
them smoothly and avoid any sudden
movements of the levers when starting and
stopping.
c. If the mower is equipped for side discharge, never use the mower without the
discharge chute installed and placed in the
down position.
d. Always remove debris and other objects
from the area to be mowed (Note: debris
and loose grass will reduce traction).
e. Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
f. Watch for holes, sprinkler heads, and other
hidden hazards.
g. Avoid driving too close to trees, creeks,
ditches, sand traps, and other obstacles.
h. Before backing up, check behind and
watch where you are going.
i. Always reduce speed when making a turn,
and when grass is wet.
j. Always mow across slopes, never up and
down the slope. Do not operate on steep
slopes and slow down before turning.
Avoid turning downhill if possible, start at
the bottom and work up to the top. Use
extra care and go slowly when turning
downhill.
k. Be careful when crossing gravel paths or
roadways. Always turn off the blade clutch
switch and wait until the blades stop rotat-
9
B. Controls
c. Avoid turning when going downhill, traction
is at a minimum going downhill.
d. Do not operate with discharge side of the
mower toward streets, buildings, playgrounds, parking lots, other machines, animals, and other people.
e. Avoid operation or use extreme care if the
traction surface is wet, unstable, or slippery.
f. Use extra care when grass clippings,
leaves, pine needles, or debris are present
as traction can be reduced.
g. Slow-down before turning and come to a
complete stop before any zero turn maneuver.
h. Do not stop machine or park machine over
combustible materials such as dry grass,
leaves, debris, etc.
3. To Mow Grass and Produce a Striped Pattern
a. Pick a point on the opposite side of the
area to be mowed (post, tree, shrub, etc.).
b. If on a hillside, start at the bottom so that
the turns are uphill rather than downhill.
c. Align the mower so as to head directly
toward the object on the far side.
d. Slowly increase the speed of the machine
to match cutting conditions, terrain, and
operator familiarity with the controls and
keep the machine headed directly toward
the alignment object. Do not go fast as to
reduce cut quality or to be uncomfortable
in controlling the speed and direction of the
machine.
e. When approaching the other end of a strip,
slow down or stop before turning. A U-turn
is recommended unless a zero turn is
required. The speed of a U-turn that will
allow for machine controllability and minimal turf defacement will be dependent on
several factors including: the speed during
turning, the radius of the turn, the tire tread
pattern, the traction coefficient of the tire to
the traction surface, the slope of the traction surface.
f. Remember, a zero turn requires that the
forward or reverse travel of the machine be
stopped prior to the initiation of the turn or
severe turf defacement can occur.
g. To prevent rutting or grooving of the turf,
change the direction that the strips are
mowed by approximately 45 degrees the
next and each subsequent time that the
area is mowed.
1.
2.
3.
Engine Ignition and Start Switch: (See Figure 1.) Located on the instrument housing
below the right side of the operator’s seat.
When the key is inserted and turned clockwise, 45 degrees, the ignition circuit is closed.
Turning the switch further against spring pressure starts the engine. The engine will only
start if the blade clutch switch is in the “off”
position, the parking brake is engaged and
the left and right steering levers are in the
neutral, opened-out position. The key should
always be removed from the switch if the
operator leaves the mower’s seat.
Engine Throttle Control: (See Figure 2.)
Located on the left side of the mower next to
the operator’s seat. Moving the throttle control
from the rear to the front will increase the
engine speed from slow to fast. Stop at the
detent, or the choke will be activated.
Left and Right Steering Levers: (See Figure
3.) These hinged levers open out to the side in
the neutral position to permit the operator to
be seated or to leave the mower’s seat. The
operator, when seated, can pull the levers up
to the operating position, a comfortable forearm’s length away. These levers control all of
the movements of the mower. Pushing both
levers forward causes the mower to move forward. Pulling both levers back causes the
mower to move backward. Pushing one lever
ahead of the other lever causes the traction
wheel on the side where the lever is ahead to
rotate faster than the other traction wheel,
making the mower turn toward the side where
the lever is behind. When one lever is pushed
forward and the other lever pulled back the
same amount, one traction wheel will turn in
reverse and the mower will turn within its own
length.
In order to start the engine, both steering
levers must be opened out to the side in the
neutral position; the parking brake must be
engaged; and the blade clutch switch must be
“off”. However, once the engine starts, the
parking brake must be released before the
operator places the steering levers into the
operating position or the engine will
automatically shut off.
Note: The Steering Lever will return toward
neutral when released, but they should be
placed in neutral by the driver. If the Drive
Handles are not placed in neutral, the tractor
may creep.
10
Steering Levers
Brake
Figure. 4
Figure. 3
Deck Lift Handle
Fuel Shutoff Valve
8. Seat Adjustment Lever: The Seat Adjustment Lever is located beneath the seat. The
Seat Adjustment Lever is used to move the
seat forward and backward. To place the seat
in the desired position pull the seat adjustment lever to the left then push the seat forward or back to the desired position. Release
the lever so the seat will lock in place.
9. Hour Meter: (See Figure 1) Located on the
right side of the mower behind the ignition
switch. The hour meter displays running time.
4. Electric Blade Clutch Switch: (See Figure
1.) Located on the right side of the mower
beside the ignition switch. This is an “on/off”
push-pull switch that controls the electric
blade clutch which supplies power to the cutting blades through the PTO. The switch must
be turned off to start the engine and should
be turned off for safety any time another person approaches the mower or the mowing
deck is raised to the transport position. Power
to the electric clutch will also be cut off if the
operator leaves the operator’s seat.
5. Parking Brake: (See Figure 3.) Located on
the left side of the traction unit. The handle is
an overcenter lever which applies the drum
brakes on the drive wheels when the handle is
pulled to the rear. The brake must be engaged
in order to start the engine.
6. Deck Lift Handle: (See Figure 3.) Located on
the panel in front of the seat. Raise the mowing deck to the transport position, by pulling
the handle to the rear and moving it upward
for transport. To lower the mowing deck, pull
the deck lift handle to the rear and lower it to
the desired position.
7. Fuel Shutoff Valve: (See Figure 4.) Located
on top of the fuel tank. When turned in a
clockwise direction until it stops, it will shut off
the flow of fuel to the engine. When turned in
a counterclockwise direction it will open and
allow fuel to flow to the engine. Close this
valve if you are not going to run the mower for
a period of 30 minutes or more to prevent
flooding the engine.
Note: There will be a flashing “LUBE” for
each recommended lubrication interval. There
is a flashing “OIL” at each recommended
engine oil and filter change.
10. Choke Lever: (See Figure 2) The Choke is
integrated into the throttle control which is
operated manually. Having the Choke in the
ON (full forward) position helps the engine to
start during initial start-up. During normal
operation the Choke should be in the OFF
(the detent for full throttle) position.
11
C. Initial Adjustments
1. Check the fluid levels and tires:
Note: These checks should be made daily,
b.
before starting the engine.
a. Fuel: Using a good grade of unleaded,
regular gasoline, fill the fuel tank (beside
the engine on the left side of the mower).
When the fuel reaches one inch from the
top of the tank, stop. DO NOT OVERFILL.
Space must be left for expansion.
b. Engine Oil: (Filled at the factory before
shipment.) Pull out the oil dipstick, wipe it
off and reinsert it. Pull it out again and read
the oil level. If it is below the operating
range, add oil through the fill tube using a
funnel to bring it up to the top of the operating range.
switch, remove connection of the spark
plugs and using the transport lever, lower
the mowing deck into the cutting position.
Using a ruler, pencil and paper, measure
and note the distance from the paved surface to the bottom edge of the mowing
blade at the front and the back of the deck
on each side of the mower. (Four dimensions.)
Note: The front edge of the mowing deck
should be 1/8"-1/4" below the rear edge of the
deck so that the blades are cutting grass in
only the front half of their circular path. This
decreases friction and reduces the drive
power required.
c.
Note: Gasoline Engine: For the recommended oil weight refer to engine manual.
c. Hydraulic Oil: (Filled at the factory before
shipment.) The hydraulic oil is contained
within the integrated hydrostatic transaxles
and does not need to be checked or
replaced.
d. Tires: 8-10 psi rear, 20-25 psi front caster
tires
If the dimension at the front of the mowing
deck is 1/8"-1/4" lower than the dimension
at the rear of the deck (pitch) on each side
of the mower, do not adjust. If not, you will
need to adjust the Deck Front Links (See
Figure 5).
Deck Front Links
Deck Lift Links
Note: New tires are overinflated in order to
properly seat the bead to the rim. The normal
working pressure for the traction tires is 8-10
psi. The front caster wheels should be inflated
to 20-25 psi.
Figure. 5
2. Check that all Nuts, Bolts and Screws are
Tight.
3. Check the tension of the deck drive belts.
a. Remove the deck cover
b. The tension of the deck drive belts are
maintained by a spring mechanism that
adjusts for wear and stretch.
c. Examine the belts for cuts, fraying, and
excessive wear. Replace if any of these
are detected.
d. Replace the deck cover.
d. Lower the mower deck to the cutting position. With a wrench, loosen the inner rear
nuts on the Deck Front Links adjust the
deck up or down, use a wrench and with a
few turns, adjust clockwise or counter
clockwise the outer rear nut of the Deck
Front Links. Repeat this procedure on the
opposite side of the Mower. Once the deck
is adjusted, retighten bolts.
e. With the deck still in the cutting position,
adjust the level (side to side). With a
wrench loosen the top inner nut of the left
side of the Deck Lift link. To adjust the side
of the deck up or down turn the lower nut
clockwise or counter clockwise a few turns.
Retighten nuts.
f. Raise the mowing deck to the transport
position using the transport lever.
g. Use the transport lever to lower the mowing deck to the cutting position and repeat
4. Adjust the Mowing Deck: The cutting height
is set in 1/2” increments in the range of 1-1/2"
to 4". Do not attempt to raise the mower deck
higher than 4” because you will damage components on your mower. You may need to
adjust the mowing deck to achieve the proper
angle for mowing. Follow the procedures
below to set the appropriate angle to the
mowing deck.
a. Park the mower on a flat paved surface,
engage the parking brake, shut off the
engine, remove the key from the ignition
12
step “b.” above to make sure that the
desired cutting height and pitch and level
have been attained. If the dimensions are
not correct, repeat steps “c.” through “f.”
above.
2. That there are no spilled or leaking fuel
or oil sources, nor loose fuel or hydraulic
tank caps, hoses or fittings.
3. That there are no loose or missing hardware nor any missing items.
4. That no non-approved devices are
installed.
5. That all safety signs and decals are
properly installed and legible.
e. This is a one person machine, operator
only! Riders are not permitted under any
circumstance!
f. To start the engine on the machine:
1. Make sure the park brake is set to the
“ON” position, both lap bars are in the
neutral/start (opened-out) position, and
the Power Take Off (PTO also referred to
as blade control switch) is in the “off”
(down) position.
2. Move the choke and the engine speed
control (throttle) forward to the end of the
slot.
3. Insert the ignition key, turn the switch
toward the spring-loaded “Start” position,
maintain the Start position until the
engine begins to run, then release the
switch (it will return to the “Run” position).
4. Move the choke/speed control slowly by
moving it rearward. If the engine is
“cold”, the choke may need to be partially applied for a few minutes. Be sure
to move the choke/throttle after the
engine has “warmed up” to the detent.
g. Check safety devices:
1. With the park brake engaged, move one
of the lap bars (speed/directional control)
from the neutral/start position to the neutral position (out of the slot, toward the
center of the machine) — the engine
should stop running. Move the lap bars
back to the neutral/start position and the
engine should run.
2. Repeat this procedure with the opposite
side lap bars.
3. With the park brake engaged and the lap
bars in the neutral/start position,
advance the engine speed control completely forward (Hi-idle), engage the PTO
control switch (pull upward), then lift off
the seat — the engine should stop running. Sit down and the engine should
run. Turn off the PTO by pushing the
control switch down.
h. To drive in the FORWARD direction:
1. Set the engine speed to 2000 to 2500
rpm (refer to optional tachometer on
5. Lubricate all fittings listed in the maintenance section.
D. Zero Turn Break-In And Operating
Procedures
DANGER:
Reread the “When Mowing” Safety Precautions.
The following procedures are suggested for operators of ride-on machines which have zero turn
capabilities.
1. Orientation:
a. Read the entire Operator’s Manual.
b. Sit on the machine, adjust the seat foreand-aft, then adjust the speed/directional
(lap bar) controls (they can be adjusted
fore-and-aft, as well as up-and-down — 9/
16" wrench required).
c. Become familiar with all of the machine
controls, instrumentation, safety and
instruction signs, and safety devices.
d. Move (or have moved) the machine to a
safe, level area with no obstructions including objects, pedestrians, and animals.
2. Initial Operation:
a. Use protective equipment for eyes, hands,
hearing, feet, legs, head and other areas of
the body if needed — safety eye glasses,
gloves, earplugs, boots, hats, etc.
WARNING:
Hearing Protection is required for all operator
exposure exceeding two (2) hours.
b.
Ensure that the area is free of animals and
bystanders, especially children!
c. Survey the area where the equipment is to
be used to make sure it is free of debris,
sticks, stones, wires, bones, and other foreign objects which could cause injury to
bystanders, damage to the machine, or
damage to nearby facilities.
d. Inspect the machine to make sure:
1. All guards, shields (including mower
chute deflector) are in their proper place,
are secure, and are functional.
13
right control panel). This must be
increased to full speed (3525-3675 rpm)
after becoming familiar with the machine.
2. Release the park brake.
3. Move both lap bars out of the neutral/
start position to the neutral position
(toward center of machine). Slowly, move
both lap bars toward the front of the
machine until the machine begins to
move forward — release the lap bars
and the machine should stop. The more
that the lap bars are moved toward the
front of the machine, the faster the
machine will move in the forward direction. Release the lap bars and the
machine should stop traveling forward.
(This is a safety check, the normal procedure is for the operator to slowly bring
the lap bars to the neutral position).
4. Do not advance the lap bars rapidly as
this could cause turf defacement, loss of
traction, and/or instability.
5. To turn, advance one lap bar ahead of
the other and the machine will turn
toward the opposite from the side that
was advanced — I.E. to turn clockwise
(to the Right), move the LEFT lap bar forward more than the right side, and to
turn counter-clockwise (to the LEFT),
move the RIGHT lap bar forward more
than the left side. NOTE: If one lap bar is
in the neutral position and the other is
advanced, the turn side tire will not
rotate and a “pivot turn” will be executed
— turf defacement could occur (if on
grass) as well as potential damages to
the traction surface and the tire. If the lap
bar on the turn side is not brought all the
way to neutral, then the turn side tire will
continue to rotate and a “U-turn” will be
executed with a low potential for turf
defacement as well as traction surface
and tire damage.
i. To drive in the REVERSE direction:
1. Make sure no bystanders, animals, or
objects are behind the machine. Look
behind the machine, and use extreme
care.
2. Slowly, move both lap bars toward the
rear of the machine until the machine
begins to move rearward. Release the
lap bars and the machine should stop.
The more the lap bars are moved toward
the rear of the machine, the faster the
machine will move in the reverse direction. Release the lap bars and the
machine should stop traveling in reverse
(this is a safety check, the normal procedure is for the operator to slowly bring
the lap bars to the neutral position).
3. Do not move the lap bars rapidly as this
could cause turf defacement and/or loss
of traction.
4. To turn, move one lap bar ahead of the
other and the machine will turn toward
the same side that was moved — I.E., to
turn counter-clockwise (to the LEFT),
move the LEFT lap bar rearward more
than the right side, and to turn clockwise
(to the RIGHT), move the RIGHT lap bar
rearward more than the left side. NOTE:
If one lap bar is in the neutral position
and the other is moved, the turn side tire
will not rotate and a “pivot turn” will be
executed. Turf defacement could occur (if
on grass) as well as potential damages
to the traction surface and the tire. If the
lap bar on the turn side is not brought all
the way to neutral, then the turn side tire
will continue to rotate and a “U-turn” will
be executed with a low potential for turf
defacement as well as traction surface
and tire damage.
j. To perform a “zero turn”:
1. Please note, a zero turn maneuver can
not be executed while the machine is
moving in the forward or, reverse directions, the machine must come to a stop
first.
2. To turn clockwise, slowly move the LEFT
lap bar forward while simultaneously
moving the RIGHT lap bar rearward.
Release both lap bars and the machine
should stop turning.
3. To turn counter-clockwise, slowly move
the RIGHT lap bar forward while simultaneously moving the LEFT lap bar rearward. Release both lap bars and the
machine should stop turning (this is a
safety check, the normal procedure is for
the operator to slowly bring the lap bars
to the neutral position).
3. Start the Engine:
a. Open the fuel shutoff valve.
b. Sit on the Seat. Set the parking brake
“On”.
c. Move the left and right steering levers to
the neutral, opened-out position.
d. Turn the electric blade clutch switch “Off”.
e. Push the choke/throttle control to the full
forward position.
f. Insert the key in the ignition and start
switch and turn the switch to “On”.
14
g. Turn the ignition key in a clockwise direction to the “Start” position until the engine
starts.
j.
Note: Do not hold the key in the “Start”
position for more than 10 seconds or you may
damage the starter. If the engine does not start
in this time, wait about 30 seconds and try
again.
k.
h. Gasoline Engine: Once the engine starts,
move the choke/throttle to the detent as
the engine warms.
5.
4. Operating the Mower: Operating a zero-turning-radius mower is not like operating a tractor-type riding mower. The zero-turning-radius
mower is much more maneuverable and
much less fatiguing to operate. However, getting used to the fingertip control of the zeroturning-radius mower takes some practice.
We strongly recommend that you locate a
“test area” where you can operate the mower
for about 30 minutes without being disturbed.
a. Get into the operator’s seat.
b. Start the engine.
c. Use the transport lever to raise the mowing
deck to the transport position. Make sure
the blade clutch switch is off.
d. After the engine has warmed, adjust the
throttle to the fast position.
e. Release the parking brake.
f. Fold in the steering levers to the operating
position.
to be careful to avoid turning too fast and
too far.
After you have mastered operating the
mower, use the transport lever to lower the
mowing deck to the cutting position and
pull on the electric blade clutch switch to
start the blades rotating.
Practice mowing in straight passes. When
you feel confident, slowly practice mowing
around obstacles such as trees.
Parking the Mower:
a. Push off the electric blade clutch switch.
b. Use the Deck Lift Handle to raise the mowing deck to the transport position.
c. Drive the mower to the cleanup or storage
area.
d. Move the throttle to slow.
e. Place the steering levers in the neutral
position.
f. Set the parking brake.
g. Turn off the ignition switch and take the key
from the switch.
h. Close the fuel shutoff valves.
MAINTENANCE AND
SERVICE
WARNING:
Disconnect the spark plug wires or remove the
key from the ignition to prevent the engine
from accidentally starting before performing
any maintenance on this mower.
WARNING:
When operating this mower forward, do not
allow the steering levers to return to the neutral position on their own. Always maintain a
firm grip on the steering levers, operate them
smoothly and avoid any sudden movements of
the levers when starting or stopping.
A. Mower Deck
1.
g. To go forward, move both steering levers
slightly forward and the mower will slowly
move forward. The farther you move the
levers forward the faster the mower will go
forward.
h. To back up, move both steering levers
slightly backward and the mower will slowly
move backward. The farther you move the
levers backward the faster the mower will
go backward.
i. To turn, pull the lever back on the side to
which you want to turn. The farther back
you pull the lever, the faster and more
sharply you will turn. Initially, you will have
Removing the Mower Deck:
a. Apply the parking brake. Remove ignition
key and both spark plug caps.
b. Lower the cutter deck to the ground. Capture the lift handle by placing the height of
cut clevis pin above the lift handle.
c. Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving
the belt tensioning rod.
Note: There is a certain amount of spring
tension due to the weight of the deck. When
removing the lift linkage from the deck the tension of the springs will go from the deck to the
lift handle. Not capturing the lift handle while
removing the lift linkage from the deck will
cause it to snap back.
d. Detach the mower drive belt.
15
Linch Pins
Figure. 6
“J” Pin
e. Remove two linchpins (See Fig. 6) from the
front of the mower. Pull the two (2) springloaded “J” pins on the left and right rear
side of the cutter deck.
f. Turn front caster wheels outward.
g. Shift the deck toward the ignition switch
side of the mower and remove.
h. To install reverse the process.
2. Changing a Blade:
a. Remove the key from the ignition and disconnect the spark plugs.
b. Jack up the front of the mowing deck about
one foot and block it in that position.
c. Wrap a rag around one end of the blade
and grasp it to prevent it from turning, or
secure the blade by placing a block of
wood between the blade and the deck
housing.
d. Use a 1-1/8" socket wrench on the pulley
side of the spindle bolt.
e. Remove the hex nut at the blade using a 11/8" wrench.
f. Remove the blade.
g. To replace the blade reverse the above
process and tighten nut to 100-120 lb ft.
c.
Sharpen blades evenly at the original 30°
angle to maintain balanced cutting blades.
Do not sharpen the underside of the
blades. Use a electric blade sharpener, a
conventional electric grinder or a hand file
to sharpen the blades.
d. Replace any blade with severe nicks or
dents that cannot be removed by filing.
e. Check the balance of the blade after
sharpening by placing it on a blade balancer. Do not use un-balanced blades.
f. If the blade dips on one end, file stock off
of the cutting surface on that end.
Note: Blades that cannot be easily balanced—REPLACE.
4.
WARNING:
Never mow with dull blades! Blades that are
bent should be replaced! The cutting blades
are sharp and can cause severe injury. Wrap
the cutting surface of the blade with a rag to
avoid injury.
3.
Sharpening the Blade:
a. Set the parking brake.
b. Clean any debris from the blades. Keep
blades sharp and free of build up at all
times.
16
Changing the Blade Drive Belts:
a. Set the parking brake. Remove ignition key
and both spark plug caps.
b. Unscrew the wing nuts from the deck covers and remove both covers.
c. Using a 3/8" socket breaker bar or socket
ratchet insert the drive end into the 3/8"
square opening in the lower idler arm
assembly and push the idler arm counterclockwise. While holding the idler arm
back, loosen the blade drive belt from the
pulley and slide the belt away from the pulley.
d. Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving
the belt tensioning rod. Loosen the belt
retaining bolt.
e. Pull the tensioner pulley away from the belt
and remove the PTO belt then remove the
blade drive belt.
f. Reverse the process to install the belt.
Hydrostatic
Transaxles
Figure. 8
Figure.7
Spindle
C.Electrical Circuit
Note: When replacing belts do not over-
Danger:
tighten. Adjust the idler pulley so that a tenpound pull with a spring scale between two
pulleys deflects the belt about 1/2".
5.
Read General Safety Precautions Nos. 9 and 10.
Changing the Spindle Assembly
a. Jack up the front of the mowing deck about
one foot and block it in that position.
b. Make sure the blade clutch is disengaged.
c. Remove the deck cover.
d. Remove the drive belts. (See 3. Changing
Blade Drive Belts.)
e. Remove the cutter blade. (See 2. Changing a Blade.)
f. Using a wrench or socket ratchet remove
four hex nuts, and the four hex head cap
screws. Remove the spindle assembly.
g. Reverse the process to install the spindle
assembly.
1.
2.
B.Hydrostatic Drive System
1.
Battery: The battery is located beneath the
operator’s seat. If so equipped, remove the fillcaps and check the level of the liquid electrolyte in the battery every 50 operating hours. If
the level in any of the six cells has dropped
below the bottom of the split ring inside the fill
hole, refill the cell with distilled water. To keep
the outside of the battery clean, brush on a
strong solution of bicarbonate of soda and
water and rinse with clean water. Keep the
contacts and cable ends clean with a wire
brush and make sure the connections are
tight. Coat the terminals with petroleum jelly
to prevent corrosion.
Battery Removal
Warning:
Your zero turn riding mower is equipped with
dual integrated hydrostatic pumps, motors, and
planetary gear reduction transaxles that are
sealed and do not require service, maintenance,
or adjustments.
When removing the cables from the battery
follow these steps to avoid a short between
the wrench and the frame.
a. Remove the negative (black) cable.
b. Remove the positive (red) cable.
c. Release the hold down straps.
d. Remove the battery without tipping.
3. Battery Storage: When storing the mower for
long periods of time the following guidelines
should be performed.
a. Disconnect the battery cables from the terminals and remove the battery.
b. Clean the battery before storing. A dirty
battery will lose its charge over time.
17
c. Store the battery with a full charge. A discharged battery will freeze (refer to the
table below).
Specific Gravity
Freezing Temp (°F)
1.265
-71
1.250
-62
1.200
-16
1.150
5
1.100
16
must be off, the parking brake must be
engaged, and both steering levers must be
opened-out to the side in the neutral position.
Once the engine is started, the seat must be
occupied and the parking brake must be
released before either of the steering levers is
folded up to the operating position or the
engine’s electronic ignition will be grounded
out and the engine will stop. Also, the seat
must be occupied before the blade clutch
switch can cause the blades to rotate.
8. Safety Switch Operation Checks: The following operational checks should be made
daily.
a. Blade Clutch Switch: Sit in the operator’s
seat. With both steering levers opened-out
in the neutral position and the parking
brake engaged, turn the blade clutch
switch “on” and try to start the engine. The
engine should not start. If it does, the blade
clutch switch must be replaced. If the
engine does not start, turn the blade clutch
switch “off” and start the engine. Now turn
the blade clutch switch “on” and the blades
should rotate. If the blades do not turn, the
blade clutch switch must be replaced, the
seat switch must be replaced or the electric PTO clutch must be repaired. The airgap should be checked every 200 hrs. (or
less, if severe operating conditions exist
such as when there are many on/off
cycles, mulching operations, material collection systems used, and dusty/dirty conditions), and the air-gap adjusted if more
than 0.035". To inspect, remove the “negative” cable from the battery and all sparkplug wires. The air-gap should be checked
with feeler gages in the three slots of the
BBC. The air-gap should be adjusted to
0.013" to 0.015". There are three inspection slots I the brake cover. To adjust, successively tighten each of the three gap
adjustment nuts an equal amount. Insert a
feeler gage (0.013" to 0.015") into each
slot as the air gap adjustment nut are tightened. The correct adjustment occurs when
slight contact with the feeler gage occurs.
Engage the BBC a couple of times, and recheck the air-gap. If it is not between
0.013" and 0.015", repeat the adjustment
procedure.
b. Parking Brake Switch: Sit in the operator’s seat. With both steering levers
opened-out in the neutral position and the
blade clutch switch “off”, release the parking brake and try to start the engine. The
engine should not start. If it does, the park-
d. Recharge battery when ever the specific
gravity value is less than 1.225
4. Installing the Battery
Note: The battery is delivered from the factory fully charged and filled with electrolyte.
a. Attach the positive (red) cable.
b. Attach the negative (black) cable.
c. Attach the rubber battery strap.
5. Jump Starting
Warning:
Failure to use this starting procedure can
cause sparking, and the gases in the battery
to explode.
a. Attach the end of the red jumper cable to
the positive terminal (+) of the charged battery.
b. Attach the other end of the red jumper
cable to the positive terminal (+) of the low
charge battery.
c. Attach the end of the black jumper cable to
the negative terminal of the charged battery.
d. Attach the other end of the black jumper
cable to the frame of the unit with the low
charge battery.
6. Fuses: There is one fuse located in the wiring
between the ignition and start switch and
other electrical components. This is a standard plug-in type automotive fuse rated at 7.5
amp.
7. Safety Switches: There are seven safety
switches in the electrical circuit which control
the engine. They are (1) the blade clutch
switch, (2) the parking brake switch, (3) the
left and (4) the right steering lever switches,
(5) the seat switch, (6 and 7) the no cut in
reverse switches.They operate so that in order
to start the engine, the blade clutch switch
18
ing brake switch must be repositioned or
perhaps replaced. If the engine does not
start, engage the parking brake and start
the engine. Swing one steering lever up to
the operating position and the engine
should stop. If the engine does not stop,
the parking brake switch must be repositioned or replaced.
c. Left and Right Steering Lever Switches:
Sit in the operator’s seat. With both steering levers opened-out in the neutral position, the parking brake engaged and the
blade clutch switch “off”, swing the left
steering lever up to the operating position
and try to start the engine. The engine
should not start. If it does, the left steering
lever switch must be repositioned or perhaps replaced. Open the left steering lever
to the neutral position and swing the right
steering lever up to the operating position
and try to start the engine. The engine
should not start. If it does, the right steering lever switch must be repositioned or
perhaps replaced. If the engine does not
start, open the right steering lever to the
neutral position and start the engine.
Swing the left steering lever up to the operating position and the engine should stop.
If the engine does not stop, the left steering
lever switch must be repositioned or
replaced. Open the left steering lever out to
the neutral position and start the engine.
Swing the right steering lever up to the
operating position and the engine should
stop. If the engine does not stop, the right
steering lever switch must be repositioned
or replaced.
d. Seat Switch: With both steering levers
opened-out to the neutral position, the
parking brake engaged and the blade
clutch switch in the “off” position, start the
engine. Now release the parking brake,
hold down on the back of the operator’s
seat against spring pressure, and swing
one of the steering levers up to the operating position. Release the operator’s seat
and the engine should stop. If the engine
does not stop, the seat switch must be
replaced. With both steering levers folded
out in the neutral position, the parking
brake engaged and the blade clutch switch
in the “off” position, sit in the operator’s
seat and start the engine. Turn the blade
clutch switch to the “on” position and the
blades should start to rotate. Raise up
slightly off the operator’s seat and the
blades should stop. If the blades do not
stop when you dismount from the operator’s seat, the seat switch must be
replaced.
e. Electric PTO Clutch: This clutch operates
when the engine is running, the operator is
in the operator’s seat and the blade clutch
switch is turned on. This electric clutch is a
fairly trouble free device. If a problem
develops and the blades do not turn, first
check the 20 amp fuse in the yellow, 16gauge wire between terminal “L” on the
ignition switch and the hour meter and then
investigate the wiring harness and the connections to the seat switch, the blade
clutch switch and the electric blade clutch.
Then check the seat switch, the blade
clutch switch and finally the electric blade
clutch.
f. No Cut in Reverse Switches: When both
speed/direction levers are moved past
“neutral” to reverse the PTO Clutch will be
deactivated and the mower blades will stop
rotation. The PTO will be reactivated when
one or both of the levers are moved back to
“Neutral”.
D.Tires
The two front wheels are caster wheels that are free
to swivel to accommodate the direction of the mower.
The two rear wheels are used to propel the mower in
the direction of input from the drive handles. Inflation
pressure of the rear tires is important for stability
while the mower is in operation. If the tire diameter is
not equal between the two tires, the mower will pull to
one side.
1.
Inflation Pressure:
Traction Tires—20 psi max; 8-10 psi recommended
b. Front Caster Wheel—28 psi max; 20-25
psi recommended
c. Cutting Deck Ball Wheels—Solid Polyurethane.
a.
Use the Following guidelines for maintaining the tires:
a. Balance inflation pressure between the
rear tires to help maintain straight travel
(see tire side wall for proper inflation pressure).
b. Keep the valve caps tightened to prevent
air pressure loss.
2.
19
Leaking Tires: When a flat tire occurs, repair
or replace immediately. The normal procedure
is to remove the wheel and replace it. If a tire
is getting soft, park the mower on the nearest
E. Brakes
level, paved area. If the leaking tire is on a
traction wheel, put blocks on each side of the
opposite traction wheel and jack up the tire
that leaks about an inch off the ground.
Loosen and remove the lug nuts and remove
the wheel. Mount a wheel and tire, replace the
lug nuts, and using a torque wrench, tighten
them to 60 ± 10 ft-lbs.
While the mower is in motion, all braking is performed
dynamically through the hydraulic pumps and traction
motors, controlled by the two steering levers. When the
mower is parked with the engine shut off, the hydraulic
system locks the traction wheels.
Note: To move the mower forward or in
If the leaking tire is on a front caster wheel,
block both traction wheels and raise the
caster wheel so that the tire is an inch off the
ground. Loosen and remove the locknut from
the axle assembly and pull the axle assembly
from the caster yoke. The wheel and two
spacer sleeves will drop free. Slip the axle
assembly through one side of the caster
yoke, through a spacer sleeve, a wheel, the
other spacer sleeve and finally through the
other side of the caster yoke. Then tighten
the locknut on the end of the axle assembly.
reverse by pushing, you must release the
dynamic braking. Locate the release levers at
the rear of the machine. Pull them toward the
rear and lower the wide area of the rod into the
keyhole slot. (See photo below).
Lower the mower off the jack and continue
mowing. The wheel with the leaking tire
should be inflated to 20 psi and the wheel
placed in a large bucket of water. Carefully
inspect the tire, rim and valve for escaping air
bubbles which indicate a leak. Mark each
leak with a yellow marking crayon and then
deflate the tire to 8 psi and repeat the
inspection. If the leaks you find are pin hole
size to 1/16" diameter, the tire can be
repaired. If the leaks are larger than 1/16"
diameter, the tire can be repaired. If the tire
bead is damaged, the tire can be repaired or
the tire will have to be replaced.
Hydro Release Valve
When the mower is parked with the engine running
and the steering levers opened out in the neutral
position, the parking brakes should be applied. The
parking brakes are gear/pawl brakes mounted on
each traction wheel. They are both engaged by the
same operating lever.
1.
3. Creeping: Creeping is the slight forward or
backward movement of the mower when the
throttle is on and the lapbars are in the
opened-out position. If your mower creeps do
the following.
a. Jack up rear of unit.
b. Place Lapbars in neutral opened-out position.
c. Locate jam nuts on transaxle control arms.
(They are on the vertical linkage on the
front of the transaxles)
d. Loosen jam nuts on both ends of rod connectors.
e. Start unit and push throttle all the way on.
f. If unit creeps forward, rotate vertical rod
links counter-clockwise. If unit creeps in
reverse, rotate clockwise.
Adjustments: The parking brake handle is a
lever in a “j” slot that should engage with moderate force. The parking brakes provide a
positive means to hold a machine stationary
that is similar to “Park” on an automobile.
Note: The parking brakes normally do not
need to be adjusted.
To adjust either brake individually, loosen the jam nuts
on the cable near the brake arm on the transaxle.
Adjust the nuts so that the brake/pawl comes closer to
the gear, but not in contact with the gear teeth.
2.
Adjust the appropriate rod connector. The
left rod for the left side of the mower and
the right rod for the right side of mower.
Afterward, retighten jam nuts.
Repair: The mower is equipped with external
gear/pawl brakes and will not normally require
maintenance. If they are not working properly,
please contact your service center.
F. Hydraulic System
1.
20
Hydrostatic Pumps and Motors: The pumps
in the transaxles are the hardest-working
components in the hydraulic system. They are
in operation all the time the engine is running.
Because of extremely close tolerances, wear
is an important factor in their life.
the fuel tank shutoff valve and drain the
fuel tank and line into the approved container. Replace the fuel line on the carburetor. Start the engine and allow it to run out
of fuel. This will prevent gum and varnish
deposits from forming. Replace the fuel filter.
g. Gasoline Engine Only: Remove the spark
plugs and pour approximately one ounce
of oil into each cylinder. Crank the engine
one or two turns to spread the oil evenly on
the cylinder walls. Replace the spark
plugs.
h. Clean the battery and make sure it is fully
charged.
i. Jack the mower up and store it on blocks to
take the weight off of the tires.
2. To Put the Mower Back in Service:
a. Check the battery. Charge if necessary.
b. Gasoline Engine Only: Remove the spark
plugs and wipe them off. Using the starter,
crank the engine to pump the excess oil
out of the spark plug holes. Replace the
spark plugs and the ignition leads. Refill
the fuel tank with fresh gasoline.
c. Check the level of the oil in the crankcase
and the hydraulic tank.
d. Lower the mower off the block and check
the tire pressure.
e. Push the mower outdoors and start the
engine. Let the engine idle until it has
warmed up completely (4 to 5 minutes).
Note: The pumps and motors are not
owner-repairable. If a pump fails, contact your
Cub Cadet dealer. Do not disassemble the
pump/motors.
2.
Steering Lever Adjustments: Place the
mower on level ground with the engine running, parking brake off and steering levers
opened out to the neutral position. If the
mower begins to creep, adjust the steering
levers.
If the mower creeps, first determine whether it
creeps to the right or left side and which direction the mower moves — to the front or the
rear. To make the adjustment, place the steering levers in the opened-out neutral position
and set the parking brake, shutoff the engine,
take the key from the ignition switch and pivot
the seat forward. If the mower creeps to the
right, you will adjust the linkage on the left
side of the mower and vice-versa. Loosen the
jam nut which prevents the linkage rod from
turning. If the mower creeps forward, turn the
linkage rod counterclockwise. If the mower
creeps backward, turn the linkage rod clockwise. Then tighten the jam nuts.
G. Storage
1. General: If your mower will not be in service
for a few months, it should be stored in a dry
location that is not subject to drastic changes
in temperature. Before storing, the following
maintenance procedures should be performed.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
A. Daily Checks
a. Clean the mower. The entire tractor and
cutting deck should be washed and
cleaned.
b. Sharpen the blades so that the mower will
be ready to use when needed.
c. Protect the metal surfaces. Repair
scratches with the appropriate touch-up
spray paint. Brush a rust preventive oil on
any unpainted surfaces including the pulleys and blades. (Be careful not to get any
oil on the drive belts.)
d. Lubricate the mower.
e. Drain the engine oil. The engine should be
warm so that all the oil drains. Replace the
engine oil filter and refill the crankcase with
fresh oil.
f. Gasoline Engine: Drain all the fuel. Close
the fuel tank shutoff valve. Disconnect the
fuel line from the carburetor and put the
end into an approved fuel container. Open
1.
Before starting engine:
Check the fuel level by viewing in the tank.
Check the engine oil level.**
Check the hydraulic transaxels for leaks.
Check the tires and tire pressure.
Drive Tires: 8-10 psi.
Front Caster Wheels: 20-25 psi.
e. Check the spindle belt, the mower drive
belt and the hydro drive belt.
f. Check the blades. Make sure they are
sharp and that the blade securing cap
screws are tight.
g. Check the cutting height.
2. When ready to start the engine:
a. Check the seven safety switches for proper
operation.
3. After mowing:
a. Clean the mower.
b. Clean the engine air screen.
a.
b.
c.
d.
21
c. lubricate the wear points. Follow the Lubrication Chart.
d. After the first five hours, change the engine
oil and engine oil filter.
4.
5.
6.
B. Every 25 Hour Checks
1.
2.
D. Every 100 Hour Checks
Service the engine foam element air cleaner.*
Grease the three spindle bearings.
1.
C. Every 50 Hour Checks
1.
2.
3.
Clean the engine cooling fins and external
surfaces.*
Lubricate wear points. Follow the Oil Chart.
Lubricate all grease fittings. Follow the
Lubrication Chart.
2.
Change the engine oil. (Every 25 hours under
heavy duty operation.)
Clean or replace the engine’s paper air
cleaner element.*
Check the battery’s electrolyte level, if
equipped with fill caps.
Change the engine oil filter. (Every 50 hours
under heavy duty operation.)
Check the engine spark plugs.
* Perform maintenance more frequently under dusty
conditions.
**Reference Engine Owner’s Manual
.
OIL CHART
Apply a few drops of SAE 20W-50 engine oil, grease, or use a spray
lubricant. Apply the oil to both sides of pivot points. Wipe off any excess.
Start engine and operate mower briefly to insure that oil spreads evenly.
Number of Oil Points
Description
DAILY
4
4
2
2
2
2
1
2
Deck Suspension Pivots
Height Adjustment Turnbuckle Clevis Pin
Height Adjustment Handle Pivots
Height Adjustment Stop Pivots
Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
Transport Handle Pivots
Transport Handle Pin
Deck Frame Up-and-Down Pivots
WEEKLY
Seat Hinge
Steering Lever Linkage Rod End Bearings
Lever Return Assembly Rod End Bearings
Pump Control Lever Pivots
Grass Collection System Lid Hinges
(If Mower is so equipped)
1
2
2
2
2
LUBRICATION CHART
Use a grease-gun filled with NO. 2 Multipurpose Lithium Base Grease
No. of Grease Fittings
Description
EVERY 25 HOURS
3
Blade Spindle Bearings
WEEKLY
2
2
4
2
2
Front Caster Wheels
Front Caster Wheel Spindles
Mowing Deck Pivots
Deck Take-Up Idler Pivots
Mower Deck Ball Wheels
22
Performance Adjustments
B. Engine RPM Check and Adjustment
Table 1
A. High Speed Tracking Adjustment
If mower tracks to one side with both lap bars in fully
forward position:
Low RPM Spec.
18.5, 20 & 22HP Briggs & Stratton
3600 +/-50
1550 +/-100
1.
Check air pressure in all four tires:
a. Pressure should be within specified ranges
and balanced side-to-side.
b. Rear tires 8-10 psi recommended (20 psi
MAX.)
c. Front tires 20-25 psi recommended (28 psi
MAX.
2. Verify that the mower does not creep when
the engine is running, the lap bars are in the
neutral position and the parking brake is
released. (Refer to section D-3 on page 19 of
this manual if this condition exists).
3. Recheck the tracking after any adjustments
based on the above.
4. If uneven tracking persists, adjust as follows.
(see Fig. 9)
a. Unit tracks to the RIGHT, adjust Left lap
bar stop bolt to make it longer.
5.
High RPM Spec.
NOTE: RPM Specs. are for free running engines under no load.
1.
b.
Description
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Unit tracks to the LEFT, adjust Right lap
bar stop bolt to make it longer.
Re-check the tracking and make any fine tuning adjustments to the lap bar stop bolts as
required.
8.
Note: If stop bolt is adjusted too far, track-
9.
ing problem will change sides. Make the fine
tuning adjustments by shortening the same
bolt.
Figure. 9
Lap Bar Stop Bolt
23
Verify that the lap bars are in the neutral position, the parking brake is on, and the PTO
drive is disengaged.
Start the mower and let it run at approximately
half throttle for 3-5 minutes to bring the engine
up to operating temperature.
Locate the (optional) Hour Meter/Tachometer/ Service Minder display on the right hand
operator control panel if so equipped, or use a
hand-held tachometer. (see Fig.1 on page 9
of the manual) This display defaults to the
tachometer mode when engine is running.
Move the throttle lever to the high speed position and note the RPM reading on the display.
Move the throttle lever back to the low speed
position and again note the displayed RPM’s.
Compare these noted RPM readings to the
specifications in Table 1, for the engine that is
on your mower.
If the readings do not correspond to the
ranges in the table, refer to the engine owner’s
manual for the proper adjustment procedures.
If adjustments per the engine operator’s manual do not result in proper RPM readings, contact your service technician.
Note: The throttle cable sheath may shrink or
slip over time, changing the relationship
between the throttle lever on the left hand
operator control panel and the throttle arm on
the engine. To readjust the throttle cable:
a. Make sure the engine is off, place lap bars
in the neutral position, set the parking
brake, and disconnect and ground both of
the spark plug wires.
b. Locate and loosen the cable clamp on the
engine throttle plate.
c. Place the operator’s throttle lever to the
high speed position and then slide the
cable through the clamp until the throttle
arm is in the full throttle position. (ref.
engine owner’s manual)
d. Tighten the cable clamp.
e. Move the operator’s throttle lever between
high and low speed and verify that the
engine throttle arm also moves through it’s
full range of motion.
f. Repeat as required to obtain proper throttle adjustment.
g. Verify proper throttle adjustment by checking RPM readings as outlined above.
C. Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings
c.
Replace the bolts and nuts, and tighten to
28-34 ft-lbs.
1. If angular adjustments are also required,
nuts can be tightened until snug at this
point.
d. The same adjustments should be made to
both sides of the mower.
5. To adjust the front-to-rear angle of the lap bars,
a. Loosen the nuts on the lap bar mounting
bolts, leaving the bottom one fairly snug.
b. The top hole is slotted, allowing the lap bar
to pivot on the bottom bolt.
c. Move lap bar to the desired angle and
tighten the nuts to 28-34 ft-lbs.
1.
Matching the set heights of the ball rollers on
the four corners of the mower deck to the
desired cut height will prevent edge scalping
and minimize any side-to-side variance in cut
height.
2. There are five height adjustment holes in the
bracket that mount the ball rollers to the deck.
a. Use the top set of holes for cut heights of
1-1/2 inches or lower.
b.
c.
Use the middle set of holes for a 2-1/2 - 3-1/2
inch cut height.
Use the bottom set of holes for cut heights of
4 inches or higher.
Note: In the neutral position, the handles of
the lap bars should be aligned with approximately a one inch gap between the tips. Widen
the gap by adding shim washers to the top
mounting bolt between the lap bar and the
mounting block.
D. Deck Center Anti-Scalp Roller
1.
2.
The front roller helps prevent the scalping of
high spots and uneven terrain across the center section of the deck.
The roller on the front of the deck is fixed at
the factory and can not be adjusted.
d. Check the results of any adjustments to
the conditions described in section a,
above. Repeat any adjustment procedures
as required until all conditions are met.
E. Lap Bar Adjustment
1.
Proper lap bar and seat adjustment will result
in the following:
a. In the neutral position with hands on the
lap bars,
1. Operator’s upper arms should be relaxed
and approximately vertical.
2. Operator’s forearms should be approximately horizontal.
b. In the full forward position,
1. Operator’s back should stay in contact
with the seat back.
2. Lap bars should not contact operator’s
legs.
c. In the full reverse position,
1. Lap bars should not contact the operator’s legs or torso.
2. Set the seat to the preferred operating position.
a. Adjustment lever is located under the front
edge of the seat.
b. The seat has five inches of front-to-rear
adjustment available.
3. Check factory settings of lap bars for the conditions listed above.
Figure. 10
F.Deck leveling Procedure
1.
Note: If lap bar adjustments are required,
height adjustments should be made prior to
angular adjustments.
4.
Lap Bar Mounting Bolt and Nuts
2.
To adjust the height of the lap bars,
a. Remove the nuts from the lap bar mounting
bolts (see Fig. 10 ).
b. Remove the bolts and lap bar and reposition to the second set of holes in the mounting block.
3.
4.
24
Park the mower on a flat paved surface, engage
the parking brake, shut off the engine, remove
the key from the ignition switch, disconnect the
spark plug wires and using the transport lever,
position the mowing deck into the 4" height of
cut (top) position. (The 4" height of cut position
is recommended in order for one to see and
obtain a measurement. Any height of cut position is acceptable as long as a proper measurement can be taken.)
Check the right and left front tire pressure.
Adjust as necessary to 20-25 psi. Tire pressure
can affect blade height by as much as a 1/4”.
Check the right and left rear Drive tire pressure.
Adjust as necessary to 8-10 psi.
Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip
of the right blade. To obtain an accurate mea-
sure, align blades in parallel with mower centerline, (i.e. front to back).
5. Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip
of the left blade. Be sure to measure at the
blade tip with the blades arranged in proper
position.
6. To level the deck, (side to side) adjust the
threaded link at the left side of the deck (Point B)
so that the blade-to-ground height at the right
front blade tip matches that of the left front blade
tip. This is done by loosening the jam nuts on
the threaded link and tightening the lower nut to
raise the deck and loosening the nut to lower the
deck.
7. Measure the blade-to-ground height at the right
rear blade tip. Again be sure to measure at the
blade tip at the rear of the right blade when
aligned along the mower centerline. The bladeto-ground height at the rear of the blade tip
should be 1/8" to 1/4” higher than the front tip.
This is referred to as blade pitch. The same
height difference should be true for the left
blade, measured front and back.
8. To adjust the blade pitch, the deck pitch must be
adjusted. Loosen the inner jam nuts at the rear
of the horizontal threaded links. Start at Point C
to raise the rear of the deck, tighten the front
outer jam nut to raise the front of the deck.
Adjust the rear jam nut at Point C to take the
slack out of the threaded link.
9. The final adjustment would be to take the “slack”
out of the front linkage (Point C) by adjusting the
jam nuts on the threaded link. Loosen the jam
nuts and tighten the inner nut to remove “slack”.
10. In many cases it will be necessary to adjust
deck height using both eyebolt adjustments and
pitch adjustment to achieve the correct blade-toground heights. If you remember that the front
right blade tip adjustment is fixed and you level
to that height, adjusting the decks will be simplified.
Front
of Unit
Left Side
Point C
Right
Side
Point B
Jam Nuts
Point C
Jam Nut
Figure. 11
25
WIRING DIAGRAM
GD: 01008375
26
USE THIS PAGE AS A GUIDE TO DETERMINE SLOPES WHERE YOU MAY NOT OPERATE SAFELY.
SIGHT AND HOLD THIS LEVEL WITH A VERTICAL TREE
A POWER POLE
A CORNER OF A BUILDING
OR A FENCE POST
DO
N DO
TTE
D LI
NE,
REP
RES
ENT
ING
A
15° S
LOP
E
27
SLOPE GAUGE
FOL
15°
WARNING
Do not mow on inclines with a slope in excess of 15 degrees (a rise of approximately 2-1/2 feet every 10 feet). A riding mower
could overturn and cause serious injury. If operating a walk-behind mower on such a slope, it is extremely difficult to maintain
your footing and you could slip, resulting in serious injury.
Operate RIDING mowers up and down slopes, never across the face of slopes.
Operate WALK-BEHIND mowers across the face of slopes, never up and down slopes.
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR:
TWO-YEAR RESIDENTIAL
ONE-YEAR COMMERCIAL
Proper maintenance of your Cub Cadet equipment is the owner’s responsibility. Follow the instructions in
your operator’s manual for correct lubricants and maintenance schedule. Your Cub Cadet dealer carries a
complete line of quality lubricants and filters for your equipment’s engine, transmission, chassis and
attachments.
Riding mowers, lawn tractors, garden tractors, utility vehicles,
Cub Cadet attachments and home maintenance products
This limited warranty for residential users, covers any defect in materials or workmanship in your Cub
Cadet equipment for two years from the date of purchase for the first user purchaser. We will replace or
repair any part or parts without charge through your authorized Cub Cadet dealer.
Batteries have a one-year prorated limited warranty with 100% replacement during the first three months.
V-belts for either the traction drive or any attachments are covered for one year only.
Cub Cadet equipment used commercially is warranted for one year only.
(Commercial use is defined as either having hired operators or used for income producing purposes.)
Items not covered
The warranty does not cover routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters (oil, fuel, air and hydraulic), cleaning, tune-ups, brake and/or clutch inspection, adjustments made as part of normal maintenance,
blade sharpening, set-up, abuse, accidents and normal wear. It does not cover incidental costs such as
transporting your equipment to and from the dealer, telephone charges or renting a product temporarily to
replace a warranted product.
There is no other express warranty.
How to obtain service
Contact your authorized Cub Cadet servicing dealer who sold you your Cub Cadet equipment. If this
dealer is not available, see the Consumer Yellow Pages under “lawn mowers” for the name of a dealer
near you.
If you need further assistance in finding an authorized Cub Cadet servicing dealer, contact:
Cub Cadet LLC
Post Office Box 361131
Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0119
Phone: 877-282-8684
How does state law apply?
This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state.
Form No. 01009832 Rev. 03-2 12/15/2003
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