Service manual | Cub Cadet 23HP Z-Force 60 Lawn Mower User Manual

Hydrostatic Zero-Turn
Residential Riding Mower
Turf Equipment
MODEL
23HP Z-Force 60
OPERATOR’S AND SERVICE MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General Safety Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
A.General Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
B. Slope Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
C. Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
D.Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
A. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
B. Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
C. Initial Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
D. Zero Turn Break-In and Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
E.Mower Cutting Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Maintenance and Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
A. Mower Deck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
B. Hydraulic Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
C. Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
D. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
E. Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
F. Hydraulic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
G.Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Performance Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
A. High Speed Tracking Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
B. Engine RPM Check and Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
C. Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
D. Deck Center Anti-Scalp Roller Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
E. Lap Bar Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
F.Deck Leveling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Wiring Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Slope Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Back Cover
This product may be covered by one or more of the following patents:
D409,208; 5,946,894; 6,070,690
2
FOREWORD
The Hydrostatic Zero-Turn Riding Mower provides superb maneuverability and mid-mount cutting. The machine incorporates many safety features that should be studied by all operators
before use. The list of safety precautions should receive particular attention.
This manual presents all of the operating and maintenance instructions necessary to keep
your mower at peak efficiency. If operated and maintained properly, your mower will give
dependable service.
CAUTION:
Only thoroughly trained persons should operate and maintain this
mower. This machine can cause serious injury to anyone who misuses it and does not understand its operation. For their personal
safety, all operators are required to read this entire manual before
operating the mower.
Hazard control and accident prevention are partially dependent
upon the design and configuration of the equipment. Awareness,
concern, prudence and proper training of the personnel involved in
the operation, transport, maintenance and storage of the equipment, are essential for hazard control and accident prevention.
NOTE: The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-related issues with
regards to performance, power-rating, specifications, warranty and service.
Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s owner’s/operator’s manual,
packed seperately with your unit, for more information.
3
WARNING
•
•
•
The engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved
forest-covered, brush-covered, or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a
spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California, the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources
Code). Other States may have similar laws. Federal laws apply to federal lands. A spark arrester muffler
may be available.
IMPORTANT
SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES
THIS SYMBOL POINTS OUT IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS WHICH, IF NOT FOLLOWED, COULD ENDANGER THE PERSONAL SAFETY AND/OR PROPERTY OF YOURSELF
AND OTHERS. READ AND FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO OPERATE YOUR UNIT. FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE INSTRUCTIONS MAY
RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY. WHEN YOU SEE THIS SYMBOLHEED ITS WARNING.
DANGER
Your lawn mower was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in
this manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part
of the operator can result in injury. This lawn mower is capable of amputating hands
and feet or throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions
could result in serious injury or death.
GENERAL SAFETY
OPERATIONS
5.
6.
7.
A. GENERAL OPERATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Read, understand and follow all instructions in
the manual and on the machine before starting. Keep this manual in a safe place for
future and regular reference and for ordering
replacement parts.
Only allow responsible individuals familiar with
the instructions to operate the machine. Know
the controls and how to stop the machine
quickly.
Do not put hands or feet under the cutting
deck or near rotating parts.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys,
wire, etc. which could be picked up and thrown
by the blades. A small object may have been
overlooked and could be accidentally thrown
by the mower in any direction and cause injury
to you or a bystander. To help avoid a thrown
objects injury, keep children, animals,
bystanders and helpers at least 75 feet from
the mower while it is in operation. Always
wear safety glasses with side shields or safety
goggles during operation or while performing
and adjustment or repair, to protect eyes from
foreign objects. Stop the blades when crossing gravel drives, walks or roads.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
4
Be sure the area is clear of other people
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Disengage the blades before shifting into
reverse and backing up. Always look down
and behind before and while backing.
Be aware of the mower and attachment discharge direction and do not point it at anyone.
Do not operate the mower without either the
entire grass catcher or the chute guard in
place.
Slow down before turning. Operate the
machine smoothly. Avoid erratic operation
and excessive speed.
Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off the blades, place the transmission in neutral, set the parking brake, stop the
engine and remove key before dismounting.
Turn off blades when not mowing.
Stop the engine and wait until the blades
come to a complete stop before (a) removing
the grass catcher or unclogging chute, or (b)
making any repairs, adjusting or removing any
grass or debris.
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
Do not operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck. This unit
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
should not be driven up or down a ramp onto
a trailer or truck under power, because the
unit could tip over causing serious personal
injury. The unit must be pushed manually on
a ramp to load or unload properly.
Never make a cutting height adjustment while
the engine is running if the operator must dismount to do so.
Wear sturdy, rough-soled work shoes and
closefitting slacks and shirts. Do not wear
loose fitting clothes or jewelry. They can be
caught in moving parts. Never operate a unit
in bare feet, sandals or sneakers.
Check overhead clearance carefully before
driving under power lines, wires, bridges or
low hanging tree branches, before entering or
leaving buildings, or in any other situation
where the operator may be struck or pulled
from the unit, which could result in serious
injury.
Disengage all attachment clutches, set the
parking brake to the on position and put the
lap bars to the neutral or out position, before
attempting to start the engine.
Your mower is designed to cut normal residential grass of a height no more than 10”.
Do not attempt to mow through unusually tall,
dry grass (e.g. pasture) or piles of dry leaves.
Debris may build up on the mower deck or
contact the engine exhaust presenting a
potential fire hazard.
Use only accessories approved for this
machine by Cub Cadet. Read, understand
and follow all instructions provided with the
approved accessory.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low enough speed
so that you will not have to stop while on the
slope.
• Follow the manufacture’s recommendations for
counterweights with attachments to improve stability.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other
attachments. These can change the stability of
the machine.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and
gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed
or direction. Rapid acceleration or deceleration
could cause the front of the machine to lift and
rapidly flip over backwards, which could cause
serious injury.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If the
tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.
DO NOT:
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary; then,
turn slowly and use extra care.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an
edge caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction
could cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting
your foot on the ground.
• Do not use the grass catcher on steep slopes.
C. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not
alert to the presence of children. Children are
often attracted to the machine and the mowing
activity. Never assume that children will
remain where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area
and in watchful care of an adult other than the
operator.
2. Be alert and turn the machine off if children
enter the area.
3. Before and when backing up, look behind and
down for small children.
4. Never carry children, even with the blades off.
They may fall off and be seriously injured or
may interfere with safe machine operation.
5. Never allow children under 14 years old to
operate the machine. Children 14 years and
over should only operate the machine under
close parental supervision and proper instruction.
6. Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees or other objects that may
obscure your vision of a child or other hazard.
B. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and tip-over accidents, which can result in
severe injury or death. All slopes require extra
caution. If you cannot back up the slope
or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.
For your safety, use the slope gauge included as
a part of this manual (see pg. 30) to measure
slopes before operating this unit on a sloped or
hilly area. If the slope is greater than 15 degrees
as shown on the slope gauge, do not operate this
unit on that area or serious injury could result.
DO:
• Mow across slopes, not up and down.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
5
7.
Remove the key when the machine is left
unattended to prevent unauthorized operation.
a.
D. SERVICE
1.
2.
Use extreme care in handling gasoline and
other fuels. They are extremely flammable
and the vapors are explosive.
a.
Use only an approved container.
b.
Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with
the engine running. Allow the engine
to cool at least two minutes before
refueling.
c.
Replace the fuel cap securely and
wipe off any spilled fuel before starting
the engine as it may cause a fire or
explosion.
d.
Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes
and other sources of ignition.
e.
Never refuel the machine indoors
because fuel vapors will accumulate in
the area.
f.
Never store the fuel container or
machine inside where there is an open
flame or spark, such as a gas hot
water heater, space heater or furnace.
g.
Prevent fire and explosion caused by
static electric discharge. Use only nonmetal, portable fuel containers
approved by the Underwriter’s Laboratory (U.L.) or the American Society for
Testing & Materials (ASTM). If using a
funnel, make sure it is plastic and has
no screen or filter.
h.
Static electric discharge can ignite
gasoline vapors in a non-grounded fuel
container. Remove the fuel container
from the bed of a vehicle or the trunk
of a car and place on the ground away
from the vehicle before filling. Keep
nozzle in contact with container opening while filling.
i.
When practical, remove equipment
from trailers or truck beds and re-fuel
them on the ground. If this is not possible, use a portable, plastic fuel container to re-fuel equipment on a truck
bed or trailer.
Batteries are stored electrical energy devices
that may be serviceable with removable
caps.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
The electrolyte levels can be checked,
or may be non-serviceable (no attempt
should be made to open the vents).
b.
Batteries may contain lead (Pb) and
sulfuric acid, and they must be recycled and not disposed of nor abandoned. Sulfuric acid can cause severe
burns, and in the event of contact, the
areas should be flushed with water
and a physician contacted. Battery
cases should not be punctured. Lead
is poisonous and is contained within
the positive and negative terminals as
well as within the battery’s internal
grid-work of plates and active materials.
c.
Explosive gases are generated when
batteries are re-charged, so sparks,
flames and heat sources should be
avoided. Loose connections at the
battery terminals can produce sprks
and heat...connections to the terminals
must be kept tight, and the terminals
and battery surfaces kept clean of
acids and corrosion. If batteries are
re-charged or “jumped” from external
sources, make sure that the connections are made properly and in the correct sequence (see page 19 under
jump starting).
Never run a machine inside a closed area.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the machine free
of grass, leaves or other debris build-up.
Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow the
machine to cool at least 5 minutes before storing.
Before cleaning, repairing or inspecting, make
certain the blade and all moving parts have
stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire, and
keep the wire away from the spark plug to prevent accidental starting.
Check the blade and engine mounting bolts at
frequent intervals for proper tightness. Also
visually inspect blades for damage (e.g.,
excessive wear, bent, cracked). Replace with
blades which meet original equipment specifications.
Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight to be
sure the equipment is in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check
their proper operation regularly. Use all
guards as instructed in this manual.
WARNING-YOUR RESPONSIBILITY: Restrict the use of this power machine to persons who
read, understand and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual and on the machine.
6
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
After striking a foreign object, stop the engine,
remove the wire from the spark plug and thoroughly inspect the mower for any damage.
Repair the damage before restarting and
operating the machine.
Grass catcher components are subject to
wear, damage and deterioration, which could
expose moving parts or allow objects to be
thrown. For your safety protection, frequently
check the components and replace with manufacturers recommended parts when necessary.
Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap
the blades or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing blades.
Check park brake operation frequently. Adjust
and service as required.
Muffler, engine and belt guards become hot
during operation and can cause a burn. Allow
to cool down before touching.
Do not change the engine governor settings
or overspeed the engine. Excessive engine
speeds are dangerous.
Observe proper disposal laws and regulations. Improper disposal of fluids and materials can harm the environment and the
ecology.
a.
Prior to disposal, contact your local
Environmental Protection Agency to
determine the proper method for disposing of the waste. Recycling centers are established to properly
dispose of materials in an environmentally safe fashion.
b.
Use proper containers when draining
fluids. Do not use food or beverage
containers that may mislead someone
into drinking from them. Properly dispose of the containers immediately following the draining of fluids.
c.
DO NOT pour oil or other fluids into the
ground, down drain or into a stream,
pond, lake or other body of water.
Observe Environmental Protection
Agency regulations when disposing of
oil, fuel, coolant, brake fluid, filters,
batteries, tires and other harmful
waste.
We do not recommend the use of high pressure washers to clean your unit. They may
cause damage to electrical components; spindles; pulleys; bearings; or the engine.
7
SAFETY DECALS
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY,
D O N OT O P E RAT E M OW E R U NL E S S
DISCHARGE CHUTE COVERORGRASS
C A T C H E R IS I N I T S P R O P E R P L A C E .
WARNING
SHIELD MISSING
DO NOT OPERATE
D AN GER
K E E P H A N D S a n d FE E T A W A Y
Part Number: 00030635
Part Number: 01002166
DANGER
KEEP HANDS AND FEET AWAY.
DO NOT OPERATE MOWER
UNLESS CHUTE DEFLECTOR
OR ENTIRE GRASS CATCHER IS
IN ITS PROPER PLACE.
S30503
ASSEMBLE CHUTE DEFLECTOR TO THIS UNIT BEFORE OPERATING.
Part Number: 777S30503
Part Number: 01003451
Part Number: 01003452
Part Number: 01006536
!
WARNING
Engage parking brake when leaving the machine.
Do not add fuel while the engine is hot or running.
Stop engine, disconnect spark plug before adjusting or servicing.
Before leaving operator's position:
Disengage implement drive.
Place speed controls in neutral and set park brake.
Wait for all movement to stop.
Do not allow operation by untrained personnel.
OFF
ON
Part Number: 02000162
!
WARNING
Serious bodily injury may result from failure to follow safe
operating procedures.
Read the Operator's Manual before operating this machine.
Clear area of debris and other objects before mowing.
Do not operate machine when children and others are around.
Do not operate machine without guards, shields and safety
devices in place and working.
Avoid slopes greater than 15 degrees.
Slow down and use caution on slopes. Go across slopes!
Part Number: 02000163
8
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL INFO.
Controls:
Parking Brake:
Seat:
Frame:
Instrumentation:
Front Caster Wheels:
Drive Wheels:
Tire Pressure:
Fuel Tank:
Ground Speed:
Net Weight:
Engine ignition and start switch; throttle; choke; left and right
steering levers; electric blade clutch switch; parking brake;
mower deck lift
Internal, mechanical linkage attached to the brake handle
Adjustable seat with armrests. 5" Adjustment (fore-aft)
2” Steel square tube and plate, all welded construction
Hour meter, Tachometer, Maintenance-minder
11 x 4 - 5.00
23 x 9.5 - 12 Turf Pro
8-10 psi Rear, 20-25 psi front caster
Two 5 gallon w/individual shutoff valves
0-8.0 + MPH forward. 0-4.3 MPH reverse
863 lbs. w/60" deck
ENGINE INFO.
Engine:
Type:
Air Cleaner:
Lube System:
Hydraulic System:
Starter:
Blade Brake Clutch:
23 HP Kohler, 23 HP Kawasaki
Vertical crankshaft, air cooled V-Twin
Paper Element
Pressurized with oil filter
2 quarts and 1 pint filter per transaxle
12-volt electric
Electric
TRACTION DRIVE INFO.
Traction Drive:
Engine to two variable-speed hydraulic pump/motor, Hydro-Gear
ZT-2800 transaxles
CUTTER DECK INFO.
Cutter Deck;Drive:
Deck Lift:
Cutting Height:
No. of Blades
60", Belt Driven
Hand lever w/pin lock for height adjustment
1-1/2" to 4"
3, belt-driven, power take-off from engine
9
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Figure. 1
Electric Blade
Clutch Switch
Figure. 2
Tach and
Hour Meter
Engine throttle
Choke Lever
Ignition Switch
A.General
k.
Be careful when crossing gravel paths or
roadways. Always turn off the blade clutch
switch and wait until the blades stop rotating and raise the cutting deck to the transport position. Always allow other vehicles
to have the right of way.
l. If you hit a solid object while mowing, turn
off the blade clutch switch, place the steering levers in the neutral, opened-out position, move the throttle to slow, set the
parking brake, shut off the engine, and
take the key from the ignition switch.
Inspect for damage. Repair the damage.
Make sure the blades are in good condition
and that the blade bolts are tight before
restarting the engine.
m. Never leave the mower unattended without
observing the following: turn off the blade
clutch switch, placing the steering levers in
the neutral open-out position, moving the
throttle to slow, setting the parking brake,
shutting off the engine and taking the key
from the ignition switch.
n. Never walk or stand on the discharge side
of the mower when the engine is running.
Turn off the blade clutch switch if another
person approaches while you are operating the mower.
o. Never attempt to operate the traction unit
without having the mowing deck attached.
p. Keep the mower and especially the engine
and hydraulic components clean and free
of grease, grass, and leaves to reduce the
chance of fire and permit proper cooling.
q. Always mow at full throttle.
2. Safety Awareness when Mowing
a. Do not operate on steep slopes, those
above 15 degrees (27% slope).
1. When Mowing:
a. Keep adults, children, and pets away from
the area to be mowed.
b. When operating this mower, in the forward
direction, do not allow the steering levers
to return to Neutral on their own. Always
maintain a firm grip on the levers, operate
them smoothly and avoid any sudden
movements of the levers when starting and
stopping.
c. If the mower is equipped for side discharge, never use the mower without the
discharge chute installed and placed in the
down position.
d. Always remove debris and other objects
from the area to be mowed (Note: debris
and loose grass will reduce traction).
e. Mow only in daylight.
f. Watch for holes, sprinkler heads, and other
hidden hazards.
g. Avoid driving too close to trees, creeks,
ditches, sand traps, and other obstacles.
h. Before backing up, check behind and
watch where you are going.
i. Always reduce speed when making a turn,
and when grass is wet.
j. Always mow across slopes, never up and
down the slope. Do not operate on steep
slopes and slow down before turning.
Avoid turning downhill if possible, start at
the bottom and work up to the top. Use
extra care and go slowly when turning
downhill. Control the speed and direction
of the zero turn machine “primarily” with
the speed/directional control (lap bar) of
the downhill side of the machine...I.E.,
maintain the uphill side lap bar “essentially” in a fixed position.
10
B.Controls
b. Avoid turning downhill if possible, if not use
extra care and go slowly.
c. Avoid turning when going downhill, traction
is at a minimum going downhill.
d. Do not operate with discharge side of the
mower toward streets, buildings, playgrounds, parking lots, other machines, animals, and other people.
e. Avoid operation or use extreme care if the
traction surface is wet, unstable, or slippery.
f. Use extra care when grass clippings,
leaves, pine needles, or debris are present
as traction can be reduced.
g. Slow-down before turning and come to a
complete stop before any zero turn maneuver.
h. Do not stop machine or park machine over
combustible materials such as dry grass,
leaves, debris, etc.
3. To Mow Grass and Produce a Striped Pattern
a. Pick a point on the opposite side of the
area to be mowed (post, tree, shrub, etc.).
b. If on an hillside, start at the bottom so that
the turns are uphill rather than downhill.
c. Align the mower so as to head directly
toward the object on the far side.
d. Slowly increase the speed of the machine
to match cutting conditions, terrain, and
operator familiarity with the controls and
keep the machine headed directly toward
the alignment object. Do not go fast as to
reduce cut quality or to be uncomfortable
in controlling the speed and direction of the
machine.
e. When approaching the other end of a strip,
slow down or stop before turning. A U-turn
is recommended unless a zero turn is
required. The speed of a U-turn that will
allow for machine controllability and minimal turf defacement will be dependent on
several factors including: the speed of the
turn, the radius of the turn, the tire tread
pattern, the traction coefficient of the tire to
the traction surface, the slope of the traction surface.
f. Remember, a zero turn requires that the
forward or reverse travel of the machine be
stopped prior to the initiation of the turn or
severe turf defacement can occur.
g. To prevent rutting or grooving of the turf,
change the direction that the strips are
mowed by approximately 45 degrees the
next and each subsequent time that the
area is mowed.
1. Engine Ignition and Start Switch: (See Figure 1.) Located on the instrument housing
below the right side of the operator’s seat.
When the key is inserted and turned clockwise, 45 degrees, the ignition circuit is closed.
Turning the switch further against spring pressure starts the engine. The engine will only
start if the blade clutch switch is in the “off”
position, the parking brake is engaged and
the left and right steering levers are in the
neutral, opened-out position. The key should
always be removed from the switch if the
operator leaves the mower’s seat.
2. Engine Throttle Control: (See Figure 2.)
Located on the left side of the mower next to
the operator’s seat. Moving the throttle control
from the rear to the front will increase the
engine speed from slow to fast.
3. Left and Right Steering Levers: (See Figure
3.) These hinged levers open out to the side
in the neutral position to permit the operator to
be seated or to leave the mower’s seat. The
operator, when seated, can pull the levers up
to the operating position, a comfortable forearm’s length away. These levers control all of
the movements of the mower. Pushing both
levers forward causes the mower to move forward. Pulling both levers back causes the
mower to move backward. Pushing one lever
ahead of the other lever causes the traction
wheel on the side where the lever is ahead to
rotate faster than the other traction wheel,
making the mower turn toward the side where
the lever is behind. When one lever is pushed
forward and the other lever pulled back the
same amount, one traction wheel will turn in
reverse and the mower will turn within its own
length.
In order to start the engine, both steering
levers must be opened out to the side in the
neutral position; the parking brake must be
engaged; and the blade clutch switch must be
“off”. However, once the engine starts, the
parking brake must be released before the
operator places the steering levers into the
operating position or the engine will
automatically shut off.
Note: The Steering Lever will return toward
neutral when released, but they should be
placed in neutral by the driver. If the Drive
Handles are not placed in neutral, the tractor
may creep.
11
Steering Levers
Deck Lift Handle
Brake
Figure. 4
Fuel Shutoff Valve
Figure. 3
4. Electric Blade Clutch Switch: (See Figure
1.) Located on the right side of the mower
beside the ignition switch. This is an “on/off”
push pull switch that controls the electric
blade clutch which supplies power to the cutting blades through the PTO. The switch must
be turned off to start the engine and should
be turned off for safety any time another person approaches the mower or the mowing
deck is raised to the transport position. Power
to the electric clutch will also be cut off if the
operator leaves the operator’s seat.
5. Parking Brake: (See Figure 3.) Located on
the left side of the traction unit. The handle is
an overcenter lever which applies the internal
drum-type brake on each drive wheel when
the handle is pulled to the rear. The brake
must be engaged in order to start the engine.
6. Deck Lift Handle and Optional Foot Pedal
Lift Assist: (See Figure 3.) Located on the
right front corner of the mowing deck.To raise
the mowing deck to the transport position, the
lever is pulled to the rear and moved inward to
lock into a stop for transport. To lower the
mowing deck, raise the deck lift handle and
move it outward. This allows the handle to
move forward, lowering the deck to the cutting
position. The foot pedal lift assist (not pictured
above) can provide “lift assist” to the hand
lever or with “foot effort only”. To provide
assistance to the lift handle: remove the hairpin clip from the locking pin and remove the
pin from the pedal assembly. Fold the pedal
down to the horizontal position so the hole in
the pedal aligns with the hole in the lever. Reinstall the locking pin and hairpin clip. Pull on
the Lift handle and depress the foot pedal to
raise the deck. Lifting with “foot effort only”
depress the foot pedal (the hand lever will lock
into transport position if fully depressed). To
release the lift mechanism depress the foot
pedal, move the hand lever outward and
slowly reduce foot pedal effort to lower the
7.
8.
9.
10.
mechanism. To service the unit: Remove the
hairpin clip from the locking pin and remove
the pin from the pedal assembly. Fold the
pedal up to vertical position so the hole in the
pedal aligns with the hole in the lever. Reinstall the locking pin and hairpin clip. This is
the required position for the foot pedal for the
foot platform to tilt forward and to access
some of the machines components.
Fuel Shutoff Valve: (See Figure 4.) Located
on top of the fuel tank. When turned in a
clockwise direction until it stops, it will shut off
the flow of fuel to the engine. When turned in
a counterclockwise direction it will open and
allow fuel to flow to the engine. Close this
valve if you are not going to run the mower for
a period of 30 minutes or more to prevent
flooding the engine.
Seat Adjustment Lever: The Seat Adjustment Lever is located beneath the seat. The
Seat Adjustment Lever is used to move the
seat forward and backward. To place the seat
in the desired position pull the seat adjustment lever to the left then push the seat forward or back to the desired position. Release
the lever so the seat will lock in place.
Digital Tachometer and Hour Meter: (See
Figure 1) Located on the right side of the
mower in front of the ignition switch. When the
machine is running the tachometer displays
engine rpm. When the machine is off the
tachometer displays running time.
Choke Lever: (See Figure 2) The Choke
Lever is located on the left instrument panel
next to the seat. The Choke Lever is operated
manually. Having the Choke Lever in the ON
position helps the engine to start during initial
start-up. During normal operation the Choke
Lever should be in the OFF position.
Note: There will be a flashing “LUBE” for
each recommended lubrication interval. There
is a flashing “OIL” at each recommended
engine oil and filter change.
12
C.Initial Adjustments
1. Check the fluid levels and tires:
Note: These checks should be made daily,
before starting the engine.
b.
a. Fuel: Using a good grade of unleaded,
regular gasoline (for a gasoline engine), fill
the fuel tank (beside the engine on the left
or right side of the mower). When the fuel
reaches one inch from the top of the tank,
stop. DO NOT OVERFILL. Space must be
left for expansion.
b. Engine Oil: (Filled at the factory before
shipment.) Pull out the oil dipstick, wipe it
off and reinsert it. Pull it out again and read
the oil level. If it is below the operating
range, add oil through the fill tube using a
funnel to bring it up to the top of the operating range.
engine, remove the key from the ignition
switch, remove connection of the spark
plugs and using the transport lever, lower
the mowing deck into the cutting position.
Using a ruler, pencil and paper, measure
and note the distance from the paved surface to the bottom edge of the mowing
blade at the front and the back of the deck
on each side of the mower. (Four dimensions.)
Note: The front edge of the mowing deck
should be 1/8"-1/4" below the rear edge of the
deck so that the blades are cutting grass in
only the front half of their circular path. This
decreases friction and reduces the drive
power required.
c.
Note: Gasoline Engine: Use SAE 10W30 or
SAE 10W40 engine oil, rated for service SJ.
c. Hydraulic Oil: (Filled at the factory before
shipment.) The hydraulic oil tank is located
behind the operator’s seat. Always wipe off
the area around the oil tank fill neck before
checking the oil level to prevent dirt from
contaminating the oil. Remove the cap and
make sure the oil level is at the full cold line
on the oil tank. If the oil level is low, fill with
a good grade of SAE15W-40 oil.
d. Tires: 8-10 psi Rear, 20-25 psi Front
Caster Tires
If the dimension at the front of the mowing
deck is 1/8"-1/4" lower than the dimension
at the rear of the deck on each side of the
mower, do not adjust. If not, you will need
to adjust the Deck Lift Spring Assist (See
Figure 5). You may also need to adjust the
Deck Links (See Figure 5).
Deck Lift Spring inner nut
Note: New tires are overinflated in order to
properly seat the bead to the rim. The normal
working pressure for the traction tires is 8-10
psi. The front caster wheels should be inflated
to 30 psi.
Figure. 5
Deck Links
d. Lower the mower deck to the cutting position. With a wrench loosen the inner rear
nut on the Deck Lift Spring Assist. To
adjust the deck up or down, use a wrench
and with a few turns, adjust clockwise or
counter clockwise the outer rear nut of the
Deck Lift Spring Assist. Repeat this procedure on the opposite side of the Mower.
Once the deck is adjusted, retighten bolts.
e. With the deck still in the cutting position,
adjust the Deck Links. With a wrench
loosen the top inner bolt of the Deck Link.
To adjust the side of the deck up or down
turn the top bolt clockwise or counter
clockwise a few turns. Adjust both front
and rear Deck links as necessary.
Retighten nuts.
f. Raise the mowing deck to the transport
position using the transport lever.
g. Use the transport lever to lower the mowing deck to the cutting position and repeat
step “b.” above to make sure that the
2. Check that all Nuts, Bolts and Screws are
Tight.
3. Check the tension of the deck drive belts.
a. Remove the deck cover
b. The tension of the deck drive belts are
maintained by a spring mechanism that
adjusts for wear and stretch.
c. Examine the belts for cuts, fraying, and
excessive wear. Replace if any of these
are detected.
d. Replace the deck cover.
4. Adjust the Mowing Deck: The cutting height
is set anywhere in the range of 1-1/2" to 5-1/
2". You may need to adjust the mowing deck
to achieve the proper angle for mowing. Follow the procedures below to set the appropriate angle to the mowing deck.
a. Park the mower on a flat paved surface,
engage the parking brake, shut off the
13
desired cutting height has been attained. If
the dimensions are not correct, repeat
steps “c.” through “f.” above.
4. That no non-approved devices are
installed.
5. That all safety signs and decals are
properly installed and legible.
e. This is a one person machine, operator
only! Riders are not permitted under any
circumstance!
f. To start the engine on the machine:
1. Make sure the park brake is set to the
“UP” position, both lap bars are in the
neutral/start (opened-out) position, and
the Power Take Off (PTO also referred to
as blade control switch) is in the “off”
(down) position.
2. Push the choke control forward to the on
position and the engine speed control
(throttle) forward (half way).
3. Insert the ignition key, turn the switch
toward the spring-loaded “Start” position,
maintain the Start position until the
engine begins to run, then release the
switch (it will return to the “Run” position).
4. Retard the choke slowly by pulling it
rearward. If the engine is “cold”, the
choke may need to be partially applied
for a few minutes. Be sure to totally pull
the choke to the off position after the
engine has “warmed up”.
g. Check safety devices:
1. With the park brake engaged, move one
of the lap bars (speed/directional control)
from the neutral/start position to the neutral position (out of the slot, toward the
center of the machine) — the engine
should stop running. Move the lap bars
back to the neutral/start position and the
engine should run.
2. Repeat this procedure with the opposite
side lap bars.
3. With the park brake engaged and the lap
bars in the neutral/start position,
advance the engine speed control completely forward (Hi-idle), engage the PTO
control switch (pull upward), then lift off
the seat — the engine should stop running. Sit down and the engine should
run. Turn off the PTO by pushing the
control switch down.
h. To drive in the FORWARD direction:
1. Set the engine speed to 2000 to 2500
rpm (refer to tachometer on right control
panel). This must be increased to full
speed (3525-3675 rpm) after becoming
familiar with the machine.
2. Release the park brake to the down position.
3. Move both lap bars out of the neutral/
start position to the neutral position
5. Lubricate all fittings listed in the maintenance section.
D. Zero Turn Break-In And Operating
Procedures
DANGER:
Reread the “When Mowing” Safety Precautions.
The following procedures are suggested for operators of ride-on machines which have zero turn
capabilities.
1. Orientation:
a. Read the entire Operator’s Manual.
b. Sit on the machine, adjust the seat beforeand-after, then adjust the speed/directional
(lap bar) controls (they can be adjusted upand-down — 9/16" wrench required).
Optional lapbar can also be adjusted fore
and aft.
c. Become familiar with all of the machine
controls, instrumentation, safety and
instruction signs, and safety devices.
d. Move (or have moved) the machine to a
safe, level area with no obstructions including objects, pedestrians, and animals.
2. Initial Operation:
a. Use protective equipment for eyes, hands,
hearing, feet, legs, head and other areas of
the body if needed — safety eye glasses,
gloves, earplugs, boots, hats, etc.
WARNING:
Hearing Protection is required for all operator
exposure exceeding two (2) hours.
b.
Ensure that the area is free of animals and
bystanders, especially children!
c. Survey the area where the equipment is to
be used to make sure it is free of debris,
sticks, stones, wires, bones, and other foreign objects which could cause injury to
bystanders, damage to the machine, or
damage to nearby facilities.
d. Inspect the machine to make sure:
1. All guards, shields (including mower
chute deflector) are in their proper place,
are secure, and are functional.
2. That there are no spilled or leaking fuel
or oil sources, nor loose fuel or hydraulic
tank caps, hoses or fittings.
3. That there are no loose or missing hardware nor any missing items.
14
the same side that was retarded — I.E.,
to turn counter-clockwise (to the LEFT),
move the LEFT lap bar rearward more
than the right side, and to turn clockwise
(to the RIGHT), move the RIGHT lap bar
rearward more than the left side. NOTE:
If one lap bar is in the neutral position
and the other is retarded, the turn side
tire will not rotate and a “pivot turn” will
be executed. Turf defacement could
occur (if on grass) as well as potential
damages to the traction surface and the
tire. If the lap bar on the turn side is not
brought all the way to neutral, then the
turn side tire will continue to rotate and a
“U-turn” will be executed with a low
potential for turf defacement as well as
traction surface and tire damage.
j. To perform a “zero turn”:
1. Please note, a zero turn maneuver can
not be executed while the machine is
moving in the Forward or, Reverse directions, the machine must come to a stop
first.
2. To turn clockwise, slowly move the LEFT
lap bar forward while simultaneously
moving the RIGHT lap bar rearward.
Release both lap bars and the machine
should stop turning.
3. To turn counter-clockwise, slowly move
the RIGHT lap bar forward while simultaneously moving the LEFT lap bar rearward. Release both lap bars and the
machine should stop turning (this is a
safety check, the normal procedure is for
the operator to slowly bring the lap bars
to the neutral position).
3. Start the Engine:
a. Open the fuel shutoff valve.
b. Sit on the Seat. Set the parking brake
“On”.
c. Move the left and right steering levers to
the neutral, opened-out position.
d. Turn the electric blade clutch switch “Off”.
e. Push the throttle control to a position a
third of the way between slow and fast.
f. Insert the key in the ignition and start
switch and turn the switch to “On”.
g. Gasoline Engine: If the engine is cold,
push the choke to the on position.
h. Turn the ignition key in a clockwise direction to the “Start” position until the engine
starts.
(toward center of machine). Slowly, move
both lap bars toward the front of the
machine until the machine begins to
move forward — release the lap bars
and the machine should stop. The more
that the lap bars are moved toward the
front of the machine, the faster the
machine will move in the forward direction. Release the lap bars and the
machine should stop traveling forward.
(This is a safety check, the normal procedure is for the operator to slowly bring
the lap bars to the neutral position).
4. Do not advance the lap bars rapidly as
this could cause turf defacement, loss of
traction, and/or instability.
5. To turn, advance one lap bar ahead of
the other and the machine will turn
toward the opposite from the side that
was advanced — I.E. to turn clockwise
(to the Right), move the LEFT lap bar forward more than the right side, and to
turn counter-clockwise (to the LEFT),
move the RIGHT lap bar forward more
than the left side. NOTE: If one lap bar is
in the neutral position and the other is
advanced, the turn side tire will not
rotate and a “pivot turn” will be executed
— turf defacement could occur (if on
grass) as well as potential damages to
the traction surface and the tire. If the lap
bar on the turn side is not brought all the
way to neutral, then the turn side tire will
continue to rotate and a “U-turn” will be
executed with a low potential for turf
defacement as well as traction surface
and tire damage.
i. To drive in the REVERSE direction:
1. Make sure no bystanders, animals, or
objects are behind the machine. Look
behind the machine, and use extreme
care.
2. Slowly, move both lap bars toward the
rear of the machine until the machine
begins to move rearward. Release the
lap bars and the machine should stop.
The more the lap bars are moved toward
the rear of the machine, the faster the
machine will move in the reverse direction. Release the lap bars and the
machine should stop traveling in reverse
(this is a safety check, the normal procedure is for the operator to slowly bring
the lap bars to the neutral position).
3. Do not retard the lap bars rapidly as this
could cause turf defacement and/or loss
of traction.
4. To turn, retard one lap bar ahead of the
other and the machine will turn toward
Note: Do not hold the key in the “Start”
position for more than 10 seconds or you may
damage the starter. If the engine does not start
in this time, wait about 30 seconds and try
again.
15
i.
Gasoline Engine: Once the engine starts,
push the choke on halfway and as the
engine warms, push the choke off all the
way.
5.
4. Operating the Mower: Operating a zero-turning-radius mower is not like operating a tractor-type riding mower. The zero-turning-radius
mower is much more maneuverable and
much less fatiguing to operate. However, getting used to the fingertip control of the zeroturning-radius mower takes some practice.
We strongly recommend that you locate a
“test area” where you can operate the mower
for about 30 minutes without being disturbed.
a. Get into the operator’s seat.
b. Start the engine.
c. Use the transport lever to raise the mowing
deck to the transport position. Make sure
the blade clutch switch is off.
d. After the engine has warmed, adjust the
throttle to the fast position.
e. Release the parking brake.
f. Fold in the steering levers to the operating
position.
Parking the Mower:
a. Push off the electric blade clutch switch.
b. Use the Deck Lift Handle to raise the mowing deck to the transport position.
c. Drive the mower to the cleanup or storage
area.
d. Move the throttle to slow.
e. Place the steering levers in the neutral
position.
f. Set the parking brake.
g. Turn off the ignition switch and take the key
from the switch.
h. Close the fuel shutoff valves.
E. Mower Cutting Blades
The blades normally “factory installed” on a mower
afford the best grass cutting performance on the
majority of grasses and mowing conditions; however,
there will be occasions whereby the grass type,
stage of grass growth, soil conditions, and weather
conditions will require different cutting blade types.
Since the mower decks are designed so that over-lap
of the cutting blades generally exceed 1.5”, there is
no need for orientation of one cutting blade to an
adjacent blade (I.E., the blades do not need to be
“timed” nor synchronized).
WARNING:
Hi-lift- These are generally the best cutting blades
for most grasses and mowing conditions. These
blades will provide extra “lift” for the thinner leaf
grasses, will handle lush grasses, and will provide
maximum grass and debris discharge. These blades
are generally required for material collection systems. More horsepower is required for these blades
when compared to others, and they generally produce the highest noise levels.
When operating this mower forward, do not
allow the steering levers to return to the neutral position on their own. Always maintain a
firm grip on the steering levers, operate them
smoothly and avoid any sudden movements of
the levers when starting or stopping.
g. To go forward, move both steering levers
slightly forward and the mower will slowly
move forward. The farther you move the
levers forward the faster the mower will go
forward.
h. To back up, move both steering levers
slightly backward and the mower will
slowly move backward. The farther you
move the levers backward the faster the
mower will go backward.
i. To turn, pull the lever back on the side to
which you want to turn. The farther back
you pull the lever, the faster and more
sharply you will turn. Initially, you will have
to be careful to avoid turning to fast and
too far.
j. After you have mastered operating the
mower, use the transport lever to lower the
mowing deck to the cutting position and
pull on the electric blade clutch switch to
start the blades rotating.
k. Practice mowing in straight passes. When
you feel confident, slowly practice mowing
around obstacles such as trees.
Medium-lift- These blades require less horsepower
than the hi-lift, and they generally work well in wider
leaf grasses and some mulch applications.
Low-lift- These blades require less horsepower than
hi-lift and medium-lift blades, and they generally work
best with wide leaf grasses, sparse grass growth,
and sandy soil conditions. They generally produce
the lowest noise levels. Bahia blades are configured
without offset, and with a maximum amount of sharpened cutting edge.
Mulch- These blades are generally designed for use
in cutting decks equipped with mulch baffles. The
shape of the blade generally produces higher turbulence in order that the grass can be repeatedly cut
and re-cut into smaller pieces. These blades generally require more horsepower than other blades.
Mulch blades work best when the grasses are cut at
the highest levels, minimal lengths of grasses are
removed, and grass conditions are generally dry.
16
Linch Pins
Linch Pins
Figure. 6
Height of Cut Clevis Pin
MAINTENANCE AND
SERVICE
h. To install reverse the process.
2. Changing a Blade:
a. Jack up the front of the mowing deck about
one foot and block it in that position.
b. Wrap a rag around one end of the blade
and grasp it to prevent it from turning, or
secure the blade by placing a block of
wood between the blade and the deck
housing.
c. Use a 1-1/8" socket wrench on the pulley
side of the spindle to secure.
d. Remove the hex nut using a 1-1/8" wrench.
e. Remove the hex nut.
f. To replace the blade reverse the above
process and tighten nut to 100-120 lb ft.
WARNING:
Disconnect the spark plug wires or remove the
key from the ignition to prevent the engine
from accidentally starting before performing
any maintenance on this mower.
A. Mower Deck
1. Removing the Mower Deck:
a. Apply the parking brake. Remove ignition
key and both spark plug caps.
b. Lower the cutter deck to the ground. Capture the lift handle by placing the height of
cut clevis pin above the lift handle.
c. Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving
the belt tensioning rod.
WARNING:
Never mow with dull blades! Blades that are
bent should be replaced! The cutting blades
are sharp and can cause severe injury. Wrap
the cutting surface of the blade with a rag to
avoid injury.
Note: There is a certain amount of spring
tension due to the weight of the deck. When
removing the lift linkage from the deck the tension of the springs will go from the deck to the
lift handle. Not capturing the lift handle while
removing the lift linkage from the deck will
cause it to snap back.
a. Apply the parking brake.
b. Clean any debris from the blades. Keep
blades sharp and free of build up at all
times.
c. Sharpen blades evenly at the original 30°
angle to maintain balanced cutting blades.
Do not sharpen the underside of the
blades. Use a electric blade sharpener, a
conventional electric grinder or a hand file
to sharpen the blades.
d. Replace any blade with severe nicks or
dents that cannot be removed by filing.
e. Check the balance of the blade after
sharpening by placing it on a blade balancer. Do not use un-balanced blades.
f. If the blade dips on one end, file stock off
of the cutting surface on that end.
d. Detach the mower drive belt.
e. Remove six linchpins (See Fig. 6) (4) from
the deck and (2) from the front of the
mower. Remove the linchpins on the left
and right rear side of the cutter deck (2);
remove the linchpins on the left and right
front side of the cutter deck (2); and
remove the linchpins on the front of the
mower (2).
f. Turn front caster wheels outward.
g. Shift the deck toward the ignition switch
side of the mower and remove.
17
Hydraulic Tank
Cover
Plate
Spindle
Hydro Release Levers
Transmission
Figure. 8
Figure. 7
f.
Note: Blades that cannot be easily bal-
Using a wrench or socket rachet remove
four hex nuts, and the four hex head cap
screws. Remove the spindle assembly.
anced—REPLACE.
3. Changing the Blade Drive Belts:
a. Set the parking brake. Remove ignition key
and both spark plug caps.
b. Unscrew the wing nuts from the deck covers and remove both covers.
c. Using a 1/2" socket breaker bar or socket
rachet insert the male end into the 1/2"
opening in the lower idler arm assembly
and pull the idler arm clockwise. While
holding the idler arm back, loosen the
blade drive belt from the pulley and slide
the belt away from the pulley.
d. Remove tension of the PTO belt by moving
the belt tensioning rod. Loosen the belt
retaining bolt.
e. Pull the tensioner pulley away from the belt
and remove the PTO belt then remove the
blade drive belt.
f. Reverse the process to install the belt.
B.Hydraulic Oil
WARNING:
Never overfill the hydraulic units. Damage can
occur if the oil level is not within the proper
operating range.
Note: When adding hydraulic oil, do so in
small quantities and recheck the oil level
before adding more. It is important that you do
not overfill the reservoir.
1.
SAE15W 40 or equivalent)
a.
Place the Mower on a level surface and
engage the parking brake.
b. Stop the engine and remove the key
from the ignition switch.
c. Clean the area around the Hydraulic Oil fill
neck.
d. Remove the hydraulic fill cap and check
the level. The correct level is at the full cold
line on the tank.
e. Pour hydraulic oil into the reservoir up to
the full cold line on the oil tank, if necessary.
Note: When replacing belts do not overtighten. Adjust the idler pulley so that a tenpound pull with a spring scale between two
pulleys deflects the belt about 1/2".
4.
Adding Hydraulic Oil (use Shell Rimula
Changing the Spindle Assembly
a. Jack up the front of the mowing deck about
one foot and block it in that position.
b. Make sure the blade clutch is disengaged.
c. Remove the deck cover.
d. Remove the drive belts. (See 3. Changing
Blade Drive Belts.)
e. Remove the cutter blade. (See 2. Changing a Blade.)
2. Draining Hydraulic Oil
Used hydraulic oil must be disposed of properly. Do not
pour it down a drain or sewer, or dump it on open land, this
creates an environmental hazard. Please be aware of the
environment when disposing of used oil.
a. Place the Mower on a level surface and
engage the parking brake.
b. Stop the engine and remove the key from
the ignition switch.
18
c. Remove the mower deck. See Mower Deck
on page 17.
d. Raise the seat forward to expose the
hydraulic oil fill point.
e. Clean the area around the hydraulic fill oil
cap.
f. Remove hydraulic fill oil cap.
g. Place a suitable container (at least 2 gallon) under the hydraulic reservoir and the
transaxels.
h. Remove the hydraulic filter from each transaxle to allow hydraulic oil to drain.
(See Figure 8)
i. Coat new filter seals with oil before installation.
j. Add hydraulic oil to reservoir until the level
remains at the full cold line on the oil tank.
k. Run and purge gearboxes. Check oil level.
l. Add proper amount of hydraulic oil to reservoir and repeat step K.
c. Store the battery with a full charge. A discharged battery will freeze (refer to the
table below)..
Specific Gravity
Freezing Temp (°F)
1.265
-71
1.250
-62
1.200
-16
1.150
5
1.100
16
d. Recharge battery when ever the specific
gravity value is less than 1.225
3. Battery Removal
Warning:
C.Electrical Circuit
When removing the cables from the battery
follow these steps to avoid a short between
the wrench and the frame.
Danger:
a. Remove the Negative (black) cable.
b. Remove the Positive (red) cable.
c. Release the hold down straps.
d. Remove the battery without tipping.
4. Installing the Battery
Read General Safety Precautions Nos. 9 and 10.
1.
Battery: The battery is located beneath the
operator’s seat. Remove the fillcaps and
check the level of the liquid electrolyte in the
battery every 50 operating hours. If the level
in any of the six cells has dropped below the
bottom of the split ring inside the fill hole, refill
the cell with distilled water. To keep the outside of the battery clean, brush on a strong
solution of bicarbonate of soda and water and
rinse with clean water. Keep the contacts and
cable ends clean with a wire brush and make
sure the connections are tight. Coat the terminals with petroleum jelly to prevent corrosion.
2. Battery Storage: When storing the Mower for
long periods of time the following guidelines
should be taken.
a. Disconnect the battery cables from the terminals and remove the battery.
b. Clean the battery before storing. A dirty
battery will lose its charge over time.
Note: The battery is delivered from the factory fully charged and filled with electrolyte.
a. Attach the Positive (red) cable.
b. Attach the Negative (black) cable.
c. Attach the rubber battery strap.
5. Jump Starting
Warning:
Failure to use this starting procedure can
cause sparking, and the gases in the battery
to explode.
a. Attach the end of the red jumper cable to
the Positive terminal (+) of the charged
battery.
b. Attach the other end of the red jumper
cable to the Positive terminal (+) of the low
charge battery.
c. Attach the end of the black jumper cable to
the Negative terminal of the charged battery.
d. Attach the other end of the black jumper
cable to the frame of the unit with the low
charge battery.
6. Fuses: There is one fuse located in the wiring
between the battery and ignition switch and
other electrical components. This is a stan19
and try to start the engine. The engine
should not start. If it does, the left steering
lever switch must be repositioned or perhaps replaced. Open the left steering lever
to the neutral position and swing the right
steering lever up to the operating position
and try to start the engine. The engine
should not start. If it does, the right steering lever switch must be repositioned or
perhaps replaced. If the engine does not
start, Open the right steering lever to the
neutral position and start the engine.
Swing the left steering lever up to the operating position and the engine should stop.
If the engine does not stop, the left steering
lever switch must be repositioned or
replaced. Open the left steering lever out
to the neutral position and start the engine.
Swing the right steering lever up to the
operating position and the engine should
stop. If the engine does not stop, the right
steering lever switch must be repositioned
or replaced.
d. Seat Switch: With both steering levers
opened-out to the neutral position, the
parking brake engaged and the blade
clutch switch in the “off” position, start the
engine. Now release the parking brake,
hold down on the back of the operator’s
seat against spring pressure, and swing
one of the steering levers up to the operating position. Release the operator’s seat
and the engine should stop. If the engine
does not stop, the seat switch must be
replaced. With both steering levers folded
out in the neutral position, the parking
brake engaged and the blade clutch switch
in the “off” position, sit in the operator’s
seat and start the engine. Turn the blade
clutch switch to the “on” position and the
blades should start to rotate. Raise up
slightly off the operator’s seat and the
blades should stop. If the blades do not
stop when you dismount from the operator’s seat, the seat switch must be
replaced.
e. Electric PTO Clutch: This clutch operates
when the engine is running, the operator is
in the operator’s seat and the blade clutch
switch is turned on.This electric clutch is a
fairly trouble free device. If a problem
develops and the blades do not turn, first
check the 7.5 amp fuse in the yellow, 16gauge wire between terminal “L” (for the
Gasoline Engine) on the ignition switch
and the hour meter and then investigate
the wiring harness and the connections to
dard plug-in type automotive fuse rated at
20.0 amp.
7. Safety Switches: There are five safety
switches in the electrical circuit which control
the engine. They are (1) the blade clutch
switch, (2) the parking brake switch, (3) the
left and (4) the right steering lever switches
and (5) the seat switch.They operate so that
in order to start the engine, the blade clutch
switch must be off, the parking brake must be
engaged, and both steering levers must be
opened-out to the side in the neutral position.
Once the engine is started, the seat must be
occupied and the parking brake must be
released before either of the steering levers is
folded up to the operating position or the
engine’s electronic ignition will be grounded
out and the engine will stop. Also, the seat
must be occupied before the blade clutch
switch can cause the blades to rotate.
8. Safety Switch Operation Checks: The following operational checks should be made
daily.
a. Blade Clutch Switch: Sit in the operator’s
seat. With both steering levers opened-out
in the neutral position and the parking
brake engaged, turn the blade clutch
switch “on” and try to start the engine. The
engine should not start. If it does, the blade
clutch switch must be replaced. If the
engine does not start, turn the blade clutch
switch “off” and start the engine. Now turn
the blade clutch switch “on” and the blades
should rotate. If the blades do not turn, the
blade clutch switch must be replaced, the
seat switch must be replaced or the electric PTO clutch must be repaired.
b. Parking Brake Switch: Sit in the operator’s seat. With both steering levers
opened-out in the neutral position and the
blade clutch switch “off”, release the parking brake and try to start the engine. The
engine should not start. If it does, the parking brake switch must be repositioned or
perhaps replaced. If the engine does not
start, engage the parking brake and start
the engine. Swing one steering lever up to
the operating position and the engine
should stop. If the engine does not stop,
the parking brake switch must be repositioned or replaced.
c. Left and Right Steering Lever Switches:
Sit in the operator’s seat. With both steering levers opened-out in the neutral position, the parking brake engaged and the
blade clutch switch “off”, swing the left
steering lever up to the operating position
20
Then tighten the locknut on the end of the
axle assembly.
the seat switch, the blade clutch switch and
the electric blade clutch. Then check out
the seat switch, the blade clutch switch and
finally the electric blade clutch.
Lower the mower off the jack and continue
mowing. The wheel with the leaking tire
should be taken to the maintenance area, the
tire inflated to 20 psi and the wheel placed in
a large bucket of water. Carefully inspect the
tire, rim and valve for escaping air bubbles
which indicate a leak. Mark each leak with a
yellow marking crayon and then deflate the
tire to 8 psi and repeat the inspection. If the
leaks you find are pin hole size to 1/16"
diameter, the tire can be repaired using an
aerosol can of tire inflater and latex sealer
available from any auto supply store. Follow
the directions on the can. If the leaks are
larger than 1/16" diameter, the tire can be
repaired with rubber plugs also available in a
kit from any auto supply store. If the tire bead
is damaged, a tube will have to be installed in
the tire or the tire will have to be replaced.
D.Tires
The two front wheels are caster wheels that are free
to swivel to accommodate the direction of the Mower.
The two rear wheels are used to propel the Mower in
the direction of input from the drive handles. Inflation
pressure of the rear tires is important for stability
while the Mower is in operation. If the tire diameter is
not equal between the two tires, the Mower will pull to
one side.
1.
Inflation Pressure:
a. Traction Tires—20 psi max; 8-10 psi recommended
b. Front Caster Wheel—40 psi max; 20-25
psi recommended
c. Cutting Deck Ball Wheels—Solid Polyurethane.
3. Creeping: Creeping is the slight forward or
backward movement of the mower when the
throttle is on and the lapbars are in the
opened-out position. If your mower creeps do
the following.
a. Jack up rear of unit.
b. Place Lapbars in neutral opened-out position.
c. Locate jam nuts (ref no. 23 in the control
assembly parts list). See Illustrated Parts
Book.
d. Loosen jam nuts on both ends of rod connectors. (ONLY if mower creeps.)
e. Start unit and push throttle all the way on.
f. Locate the left and right rod connectors
between each jam nut. See Control
assembly in the Illustrated Parts Book.
g. If unit creeps forward rotate counter-clockwise. And if unit creeps in reverse, rotate
clockwise.
Use the Following guidelines for maintaining the tires:
a. Balance inflation pressure between the
rear tires to help maintain straight travel
(see tire side wall for proper inflation pressure).
b. Keep the valve caps tightened to prevent
air pressure loss.
2.
Leaking Tires: When a flat tire occurs, repair
or replace immediately. The normal procedure
is to remove the wheel and replace it with a
spare. Take the leaking tire to a maintenance
area and repair. If a tire is getting soft, park
the mower on the nearest level, paved area. If
the leaking tire is on a traction wheel, put
blocks on each side of the opposite traction
wheel and jack up the tire that leaks about an
inch off the ground. Loosen and remove the
lug nuts and remove the wheel. Mount a
spare wheel and tire, replace the lug nuts, and
using a torque wrench, tighten them to 60 ±
10 ft-lbs.
Adjust the appropriate rod connector. The
left rod for the left side of the mower and
the right rod for the right side of mower.
Afterward, retighten jam nuts.
E. Brakes
If the leaking tire is on a front caster wheel,
block both traction wheels and raise the
caster wheel so that the tire is an inch off the
ground. Loosen and remove the locknut from
the axle assembly and pull the axle assembly
from the caster yoke. The wheel and two
spacer sleeves will drop free. Slip the axle
assembly through one side of the caster
yoke, through a spacer sleeve, a spare
wheel, the other spacer sleeve and finally
through the other side of the caster yoke.
While the mower is in motion, all braking is performed
dynamically through the hydraulic pumps and traction
motors, controlled by the two steering levers. When the
mower is parked with the engine shut off, the hydraulic
system locks the traction wheels.
21
Note: If you wish to move the mower by
pushing, you must release the dynamic braking. Locate the levers at the rear of the mower.
Pull both levers out and lock in position. After
pushing the mower to the desired location,
return both levers to the operating position
(See page 18 Figure 8).
Note: Always wipe off the hydraulic tank fill
cap and the area around it before removing
the cap to prevent dirt from contaminating the
oil.
Remove the fill cap and fill the tank with the same
15W40 oil selected for the filter until the oil level is up
to the full cold line on the tank. Leave this air space
for expansion. Start the engine and let it run at idle for
about five minutes. Check the filters for leaks. Idling
the engine and the transaxless in this way will purge
any air from the system. Shut off the engine and
recheck the oil level in the tank. Top-off if necessary
until the oil level is up to the full cold line on the tank.
When the mower is parked with the engine running
and the steering levers opened out in the neutral
position, the parking brakes should be applied. The
parking brakes are disk-type brakes integrated into
each transaxle.They are both engaged by the same
operating lever.
1.
Adjustments: The parking brake handle is an
overcenter lever that should engage with
moderate force.
Note: After unit is up to operating temperature, turn off engine and re-check hydraulic
oil. If oil appears foamy or contains excessive
air bubbles, DO NOT OPERATE UNIT. Contact
Cub Cadet Service Dealer.
Note: To increase parking brake capacity
tighten the brake rods going back to the brake
arms equally. Tighten rods one full turn and
check parking capacity. Repeat Step.
3. Hydrostatic Transmissions and motors:
The pumps are the hardest-working components in the hydraulic system. They are in
operation all the time the engine is running.
Because of extremely close tolerances, wear
is an important factor in their life. Contaminants in the hydraulic oil does the greatest
harm to the pumps.
To adjust either brake individually, disconnect the
brake rod from the brake arm by removing the cotter
pin from the clevis pin and pulling the clevis pin from
the brake clevis. Loosen the hex nut and turn the
brake clevis in a clockwise direction one full turn
looking down the brake rod. This will tighten the brake
about .040 inch. Tighten the hex nut and reassemble
the brake clevis to the brake shaft assembly.
Normally, both brakes should be adjusted and equal
amount.
2.
Contaminants or foreign matter in the oil will
damage the pumps . To prevent this, use a filter that captures particles as small as 30
microns or 30 millionths of a meter in diameter. You can help in the battle against dirt by
being very careful when you remove or repair
a component in the hydraulic system. Thoroughly clean off any component before you
work on it. Plug the ends of any hose or line
you remove with a rubber or plastic plug. Use
plastic caps to seal off the ends of hydraulic
fittings. Place any component you remove in a
clean plastic bag so it can’t pick up dust or
dirt. Clean your hands frequently when working on the hydraulic components.
Repair: The mower is equipped with internal
wet disc brakes and will not normally require
maintenance. If they are not working properly,
please contact your service center.
F. Hydraulic System
1.
2.
Hoses: Check the hoses from the hydraulic
oil tank to the transaxles daily for leaks or
abrasion and replace any damaged hoses.
Make certain there are no kinks or twists in
any hose.
Hydraulic Oil Tank and Filters:
Note: The transaxles are not owner-repairable. If a transaxle fails, contact your cub
cadet dealer. Do not disassemble the transaxle.
Note: Change the hydraulic oil and the oil
filter after 500 hours of operation and every
500 hours thereafter.
4.
To drain the hydraulic oil tank, place a 2 gallon drain
pan under the transaxles. Remove the filters, drain
the transaxles and the tank. Remove the filters by
unscrewing in a counterclockwise direction. The filters
will be full of oil, so empty each into the drain pan.
Coat the filter seal with Shell Rimula 15W40 oil or
equivalent. Screw the filter onto the filter base until it
seats, and then add another one-half turn to seal.
Steering Lever Adjustments: Place the
mower on level ground with the engine running, parking brake off and steering levers
opened out to the neutral position. If the
Mower begins to creep, adjust the Steering
Levers.
If the mower creeps, first determine whether it
creeps to the right or left side and which direction the mower moves — to the front or the
22
rear. To make the adjustment, place the steering levers in the opened-out neutral position
and set the parking brake, shutoff the engine,
take the key from the ignition switch and pivot
the seat forward. If the mower creeps to the
right, you will adjust the linkage on the left
side of the mower and vice-versa. Remove
the cap screw and lock washer that secure
the linkage control arm rod end bearing to the
control lever pivot. Loosen the jam nut which
prevents the rod end bearing from turning. If
the mower creeps forward, thread the rod end
bearing one-half turn clockwise into the linkage control arm. If the mower creeps backward, thread the rod end bearing one half turn
counterclockwise out of the linkage control
arm. Then tighten the jam nut and reconnect
the rod end bearing to the control lever pivot
by replacing the cap screw and lock washer.
leys and blades. (Be careful not to get any
oil on the drive belts.)
d. Lubricate the mower.
e. Drain the engine oil. The engine should be
warm so that all the oil drains. Replace the
engine oil filter and refill the crankcase with
fresh oil.
f. Gasoline Engine: Drain all the fuel. Close
the fuel tank shutoff valve. Disconnect the
fuel line from the carbuetor and put the end
into an approved fuel container. Open the
fuel tank shutoff valve and drain the fuel
tank and line into the approved container.
Replace the fuel line on the carburetor.
Start the engine and allow it to run out of
fuel. This will prevent gum and varnish
deposits from forming. Replace the fuel filter.
g. Gasoline Engine Only: Remove the spark
plugs and pour approximately one ounce
of oil into each cylinder. Crank the engine
one or two turns to spread the oil evenly on
the cylinder walls. Replace the spark
plugs.
h. Clean the battery and make sure it is fully
charged.
i. Inspect the hydraulic hoses, lines and fittings. Replace as necessary.
j. Jack the mower up and store it on blocks to
take the weight off of the tires.
2. To Put the Mower Back in Service:
a. Check the battery. Charge if necessary.
b. Gasoline Engine Only: Remove the spark
plugs and wipe them off. Using the starter,
crank the engine to pump the excess oil
out of the spark plug holes. Replace the
spark plugs and the ignition leads. Refill
the fuel tank with fresh gasoline.
c. Check the level of the oil in the crankcase
and the hydraulic tank.
d. Lower the mower off the block and check
the tire pressure.
e. Push the mower outdoors and start the
engine. Let the engine idle until it has
warmed up completely (4 to 5 minutes).
After adjusting the steering linkage, swing the
seat back to its normal position and place the
steering lever on the side you adjusted up to
the operating position. If you feel a slight push
forward or a slight pull backward from the
neutral position you must adjust the lever
return assembly. To do this, swing the steering
lever back out to the neutral position, pivot the
seat forward and loosen the jam nut on the
lever return rod where it is threaded into the
hex-shaped end of the lever return bolt. If the
steering lever was pushed forward, turn the
hex-shaped lever return bolt clockwise onehalf turn off of the lever return rod. If the steering lever was pulled back, turn the hex shaped
lever return bolt counterclockwise one-half
turn onto the lever return rod. Then tighten the
jam nut, pivot the seat back into the operating
position and start the mower to check that
your adjustments were made correctly.
G. Storage
1. General: If your mower will not be in service
for a few months, it should be stored in a dry
location that is not subject to drastic changes
in temperature. Before storing, the following
maintenance procedures should be performed.
a. Clean the mower. The entire tractor and
cutting deck should be washed and
cleaned.
b. Sharpen the blades so that the mower will
be ready to use when needed.
c. Protect the metal surfaces. Repair
scratches with the appropriate touch-up
spray paint. Brush a rust preventive oil on
any unpainted surfaces including the pul23
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
7.
D. Every 100 Hour Checks
A. Daily Checks
1.
1.
Before starting engine:
a. Check the fuel level.
b. Check the engine oil level.
c. Check the hydraulic oil level.
d. Check the hydraulic hoses for leaks, abrasion, kinks, twists, or a flattened condition.
e. Check the tires and tire pressure.
Drive Tires: 8-10 psi.
Front Caster Wheels: 20-25 psi.
f. Check the spindle belt, the mower drive
belt and the hydro drive belt.
g. Check the blades. Make sure they are
sharp and that the blade securing cap
screws are tight.
h. Check the cutting height.
2. When ready to start the engine:
a. Check the five safety switches for proper
operation.
3. After mowing:
a. Clean the mower.
b. Clean the engine air screen.
c. Oil the wear points. Follow the Oiling
Chart.
d. After the first five hours, Change the
engine oil and engine oil filter.
2.
3.
2.
Check the oil in the hydraulic reservoir.
* Perform maintenance more frequently under dusty
conditions.
**Reference Engine Owner’s Manua
Service the engine foam element air precleaner.*
Grease the three spindle bearings.
C. Weekly or Every 50 Hour Checks
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Change the engine oil filter. (Every 50 hours
under heavy duty operation.)
Check the engine spark plugs.
Check the air gap on the balde brake clutch
(PTO Clutch) and if it exceeds 0.025” adjust to
0.012” - 0.015”.
E. Yearly Checks
B. Every 25 Hour Checks
1.
Lubricate all grease fittings. Follow the
Lubrication Chart.
Change the engine oil. (Every 25 hours under
heavy duty operation.)
Clean or replace the engine’s paper air
cleaner element.*
Check the battery’s electrolyte level.
Clean the engine cooling fins and external
surfaces.*
After the first 500 hours, change the hydraulic
oil and the hydraulic oil filter. Change them
every 500 hours thereafter.
Oil wear points. Follow the Oiling Chart.
24
OIL CHART
Apply a few drops of SAE 15W40 oil or use a spray lubricant. Apply the oil
to both sides of pivot points. Wipe off any excess. Start engine and operate
mower briefly to insure that oil spreads evenly.
Number of Oil Points
Description
DAILY
4
4
2
2
2
2
1
2
Deck Suspension Pivots
Height Adjustment Turnbuckle Clevis Pin
Height Adjustment Handle Pivots
Height Adjustment Stop Pivots
Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
Transport Handle Pivots
Transport Handle Pin
Deck Frame Up-and-Down Pivots
WEEKLY
Seat Hinge
Steering Lever Linkage Rod End Bearings
Lever Return Assembly Rod End Bearings
Pump Control Lever Pivots
Brake Lever Pivot Clevis Pin
Brake Lever Control Rod Pivot
Brake Control Rod Swivel Joint
Brake Rod Clevis Pins
Brake Shaft Assembly Pivots
Grass Collection System Lid Hinges
(If Mower is so equipped)
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
4
2
2
LUBRICATION CHART
Use a grease-gun filled with NO. 2 Multipurpose Lithium Base Grease
No. of Grease Fittings
Description
EVERY 25 HOURS
3
Blade Spindle Bearings
WEEKLY
2
2
4
2
1
4
1
1
2
Front Caster Wheels
Front Caster Wheel Spindles
Mowing Deck Pivots
Deck Take-Up Idler Pivots
Axle Pivot
Steering Lever Pivots
Hydro Take-up Idler Pivot
Park Brake Pivot
Mower Deck Ball Wheels
25
Performance Adjustments
B. Enginge RPM Check and Adjustment
Description
High RPM Spec.
Low RPM Spec.
23 HP Kohler
3750 +/-75
1650 +/-100
23 HP Kawasaki
3750 +/-75
1650 +/-100
A. High Speed Tracking Adjustment
If mower tracks to one side with both lap bars in fully
forward position:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check air pressure in all four tires:
a. Pressure should be within specified ranges
and balanced side-to-side.
b. Rear tires 8-10 psi. recommended (20 psi
MAX.)
c. Front tires 20-25 psi. recommended (40 psi
MAX.
Check hydraulic fluid level (Ref. Engine
owner’s manual)
Verify that the mower does not creep when
the engine is running, the lap bars are in the
neutral position and the parking brake is
released. (Refer to section D-3 on page 19 of
this manual if this condition exists).
Recheck the tracking after any adjustments
based on the above.
If uneven tracking persists, adjust as follows.
(see Fig. 10)
a. Unit tracks to the RIGHT, adjust Left lap
bar stop bolt to make it longer.
b.
6.
NOTE: RPM Specs. are for free running engines under no load.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Unit tracks to the LEFT, adjust Right lap
bar stop bolt to make it longer.
Re-check the tracking and make any fine tuning adjustments to the lap bar stop bolts as
required.
8.
Note: If stop bolt is adjusted too far, track-
9.
ing problem will change sides. Make the fine
tuning adjustments by shortening the same
bolt.
Verify that the lap bars are in the neutral position, the parking brake is on, and the PTO
drive is disengaged.
Start the mower and let it run at approximately
half throttle for 3-5 minutes to bring the engine
up to operating temperature.
Locate the Hour Meter/Tachometer/ Service
Minder display on the right hand operator control panel. (see Fig.1 on page 10 of the manual) This display defaults to Tachometer mode
when engine is running.
Move the throttle lever to the high speed position and note the RPM reading on the display.
Move the throttle lever back to the low speed
position and again note the displayed RPM’s.
Compare these noted RPM readings to the
specifications in Table 1, for the engine that is
on your mower.
If the readings do not correspond to the
ranges in the table, refer to the engine
owner’s manual for the proper adjustment procedures.
If adjustments per the engine operator’s manual do not result in proper RPM readings, contact your service technician.
Note: The throttle cable sheath may shrink or
slip over time, changing the relationship
between the throttle lever on the left hand
operator control panel and the throttle arm on
the engine. To readjust the throttle cable:
a. Make sure the engine is off, place lap bars
in the neutral position, set the parking
brake, and disconnect and ground both of
the spark plug wires.
b.
Locate and loosen the cable clamp on the
engine throttle plate.
c. Place the operator’s throttle lever to the
high speed position and then slide the
cable through the clamp until the throttle
arm is in the full throttle position. (Ref.
Engine owner’s manual)
d. Tighten the cable clamp.
e. Move the operator’s throttle lever between
high and low speed and verify that the
engine throttle arm also moves through it’s
full range of motion.
f. Repeat as required to obtain proper throttle adjustment.
g. Verify proper throttle adjustment by checking RPM readings as outlined above.
Figure. 9
Lap Bar Stop Bolt
26
C. Deck Corner Ball Wheel Roller Settings
4.
1.
Matching the set heights of the ball rollers on
the four corners of the mower deck to the
desired cut height will prevent edge scalping
and minimize any side-to-side variance in cut
height.
2. There are three height adjustment holes in
the bracket that mount the ball rollers to the
deck.
a. Use the top set of holes for cut heights of 2
inches or lower.
b.
c.
Note: If lap bar adjustments are required,
height adjustments should be made prior to
angular adjustments.
5.
To adjust the height of the lap bars,
a. Remove the nuts from the lap bar mounting
bolts (see Fig. 11).
b. Remove the bolts and lap bar and repostion
to the seconc set of holes in the mounting
block.
c. Replace the bolts and nuts and tighten to
28-34 ft-lbs.
1. If angular adjustments are also required,
nuts can be tightened until snug at this
point.
d. The same adjustments should be made to
both sides of the mower.
6. (Optional lapbars only) To adjust the front-torear angle of the lap bars,
a. Loosen the nuts on the lap bar mounting
bolts, leaving the bottom one fairly snug.
b. The top hole is slotted, allowing the lap bar
to pivot on the bottom bolt.
c. Move lap bar to the desired angle and
tighten the nuts to 28-34 ft-lbs.
Use the middle set of holes for a 2-1/2 - 3-1/2
inch cut height.
Use the bottom set of holes for cut heights of
4 inches or higher.
D. Deck Center Anti-Scalp Roller Settings
1.
The front and rear rollers help prevent the
scalping of high spots and uneven terrain
across the center section of the deck.
2. The rollers on the front of the deck are fixed at
the factory and can not be adjusted.
3. The rollers on the rear of the deck can be
adjusted downward one inch.
a. Lowering the roller will increase the striping effect left behind the mower.
b. This positioning of the rear roller will also
help to filter the mulched grass clippings
into the turf.
c. Roller should not be lowered if the cut
height is set at 2-1/2 inches or lower.
Note: In the neutral position, the handles of
the lap bars should be aligned with approximately a one inch gap between the tips. Adjusthe gap by adding shim washers to the top
mounting bolt between the lap bar and the
mounting block.
d. Check the results of any adjustments to
the conditions described in section a,
above. Repeat any adjustment procedures
as required until all conditions are met.
E. Lap Bar Adjustment
1.
Proper lap bar and seat adjustment will result
in the following:
a. In the neutral position with hands on the
lap bars,
1. Operator’s upper arms should be relaxed
and approximately vertical.
2. Operator’s forearms should be approximately vertical.
b. In the full forward position,
1. Operator’s back should stay in contact
with the seat back.
2. Lap bars should not contact operator’s
legs.
c. In the full reverse position,
1. Lap bars should not contact the operator’s legs or torso.
2. Set the seat to the preferred operating position.
a. Adjustment lever is located under the front
edge of the seat.
b.
Check factory settings of lap bars for the conditions listed above.
Figure. 10
The seat has five inches of front-to-rear
adjustment available.
27
Lap Bar Mounting Bolt and Nuts
F. Deck leveling Procedure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
to-ground height at the rear of the blade tip
should be 1/8" to 1/4” higher than the front tip.
This is referred to as blade pitch. The sam
height difference should be true for the left
blade, measured front and back.
8. To adjust the blade pitch the deck pitch must be
adjusted. Loosen the inner jam nuts at the rear
of the horizontal threaded rods. Start at Point C
to raise the rear of the deck, tighten the rear
outer jam nut to raise the deck pitch. Adjust the
rear jam nut at Point D to take the “slack out of
the threaded rod.
9. The final adjustment would be to take the “slack”
out of the left rear linkage (Point D) by adjusting
the jam nuts on the eyebolt. Loosen the jam
nuts and tighten the upper nut to remove “slack”.
10. In many cases it will be necessary to adjust
deck height using both eyebolt adjustments and
pitch adjustment to achieve the correct blade-toground heights. If you remember that the front
right blade tip adjustment is fixed and you level
to that height, adjusting the decks will be simplified.
Park the mower on a flat paved surface, engage
the parking brake, shut off the engine, remove
the key from the ignition switch, disconnect the
spark plug wires and using the transport lever,
lower the mowing deck into the 4" height of cut
position. (The 4" height of cut position is recommended in order for one to see and obtain a
measurement. Any height of cut position is
acceptable as long as a proper measurement
can be taken.)
Check the right and left front tire pressure.
Adjust as necessary to 20-25 psi. Tire pressure
can affect blade height by as much as a 1/4”.
Check the right and left rear Drive tire pressure.
Adjust as necessary to 8-10 psi.
Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip
of the right blade. To obtain an accurate measure, align blades in parallel with mower centerline, (i.e. front to back).
Measure blade-to-ground height at the front tip
of the left blade. Be sure to measure at the
blade tip with the blades arranged in proper
position.
To level the deck, adjust the eyebolt at the left
front of the deck (Point B) so that the blade-toground height at the right front blade tip
matches that of the left front blade tip. This is
done by loosening the jam nuts on the eyebolt
and tightening the upper nut to raise the deck
and loosening the nut to lower the deck. The
right front blade tip height is fixed so you must
adjust the left front tip to match it.
Measure the blade-to-ground height at the right
rear blade tip. Again be sure to measure at the
blade tip at the rear of the right blade when
aligned along the mower centerline. The blade-
Height of Cut LInk
Eyebolt
Point B
Eyebolt
Point D
Point A
Jam Nuts
Figure. 11
Point C
28
WIRING DIAGRAM
GD: 02000167
29
SLOPE GAUGE
TTE
A1
5
°
S
LOP
E
OR A FENCE POST
A CORNER OF A BUILDING
A POWER POLE
SIGHT AND HOLD THIS LEVEL WITH A VERTICAL TREE
USE THIS PAGE AS A GUIDE TO DETERMINE SLOPES WHERE YOU MAY NOT OPERATE SAFELY.
FO
L
D
O
N DO
D LI
N
E
,
REP
RE
S
E
NTIN
G
15°
WARNING
Do not mow on inclines with a slope in excess of 15 degrees (a rise of approximately 2-1/2 feet every 10 feet). A riding mower
could overturn and cause serious injury. If operating a walk-behind mower on such a slope, it is extremely difficult to maintain
your footing and you could slip, resulting in serious injury.
Operate ZERO-TURN mowers across the face of slopes, never up and down slopes.
Operate WALK-BEHIND mowers across the face of slopes, never up and down slopes.
30
31
MANUFACTURER’S LIMITED WARRANTY FOR:
TWO-YEAR RESIDENTIAL
ONE-YEAR COMMERCIAL
Proper maintenance of your Cub Cadet equipment is the owner’s responsibility. Follow the instructions in
your operator’s manual for correct lubricants and maintenance schedule. Your Cub Cadet dealer carries a
complete line of quality lubricants and filters for your equipment’s engine, transmission, chassis and
attachments.
Riding mowers, lawn tractors, garden tractors, utility vehicles,
Cub Cadet attachments and home maintenance products
This limited warranty for residential users, covers any defect in materials or workmanship in your Cub
Cadet equipment for two years from the date of purchase for the first user purchaser. We will replace or
repair any part or parts without charge through your authorized Cub Cadet dealer.
Batteries have a one-year prorated limited warranty with 100% replacement during the first three months.
V-belts for either the traction drive or any attachments are covered for one year only.
Cub Cadet equipment used commercially is warranted for one year only.
(Commercial use is defined as either having hired operators or used for income producing purposes.)
Items not covered
The warranty does not cover routine maintenance items such as lubricants, filters (oil, fuel, air and hydraulic), cleaning, tune-ups, brake and/or clutch inspection, adjustments made as part of normal maintenance,
blade sharpening, set-up, abuse, accidents and normal wear. It does not cover incidental costs such as
transporting your equipment to and from the dealer, telephone charges or renting a product temporarily to
replace a warranted product.
There is no other express warranty.
How to obtain service
Contact your authorized Cub Cadet servicing dealer who sold you your Cub Cadet equipment. If this
dealer is not available, see the Consumer Yellow Pages under “lawn mowers” for the name of a dealer
near you.
If you need further assistance in finding an authorized Cub Cadet servicing dealer, contact:
Cub Cadet LLC
Post Office Box 361131
Cleveland, Ohio 44136-0119
Phone: 877-282-8684
How does state law apply?
This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state.
Form No. 02001553 Rev. 06-1 01/24/2006
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