Daewoo 21T2 CRT Television User Manual

SB4135E00
Jan. 2004
Service Manual
B3.3 Diesel Engine
Lift Trucks
D20S-3(B3.3), D25S-3(B3.3), D30S-3(B3.3),
D32S-3(B3.3), D33S-3(B3.3)
Skid Steer Loaders
450/450Plus, 460/460Plus
Important Safety Information
Most accidents involving product operation, maintenance and repair are caused by failure to observe basic safety
rules or precautions. An accident can often be avoided by recognizing potentially hazardous situations before an
accident occurs. A person must be alert to potential hazards. This person should also have the necessary training,
skills and tools to perform these functions properly.
Read and understand all safety precautions and warnings before operating or performing lubrication,
maintenance and repair on this product.
Basic safety precautions are listed in the “Safety” section or the Service or Technical Manual. Additional safety
precautions are listed in the “Safety” section of the owner/operation/maintenance publication.
Specific safety warnings for all these publications are provided in the description of operations where hazards exist.
WARNING labels have also been put on the product to provide instructions and to identify specific hazards. If
these hazard warnings are not heeded, bodily injury or death could occur to you or other persons. Warnings in this
publication and on the product labels are identified by the following symbol.
WARNING
Improper operation, lubrication, maintenance or repair of this product can be dangerous and could result
in injury or death.
Do not operate or perform any lubrication, maintenance or repair on this product, until you have read and
understood the operation, lubrication, maintenance and repair information.
Operations that may cause product damage are identified by NOTICE labels on the product and in this publication.
DAEWOO cannot anticipate every possible circumstance that might involve a potential hazard. The warnings in
this publication and on the product are therefore not all inclusive. If a tool, procedure, work method or operating
technique not specifically recommended by DAEWOO is used, you must satisfy yourself that it is safe for you and
others. You should also ensure that the product will not be damaged or made unsafe by the operation, lubrication,
maintenance or repair procedures you choose.
The information, specifications, and illustrations in this publication are on the basis of information available at the
time it was written. The specifications, torques, pressures, measurements, adjustments, illustrations, and other
items can change at any time. These changes can affect the service given to the product.
Obtain the complete and most current information before starting any job. DAEWOO dealers have the most
current information available.
1
Index
Engine Testing
Introduction
Complete Engine.................................................. 89
Measuring Compression Pressure..................... 89
Testing and Adjusting the Fan Belt Tansion ....... 91
Fuel System ......................................................... 92
Checking and Adjusting Fuel Injection Timing ... 92
Injector ................................................................. 95
Assembly ........................................................... 98
Disassembly....................................................... 97
Testing................................................................ 95
Lubricating System............................................. 100
Measuring Oil Pressure ................................... 100
Rocker Levers ...................................................... 87
Adjusting Valve Clearance ................................. 87
About the Manual................................................... 4
How to Use the Manual ......................................... 4
Illustrations............................................................. 6
Symbols ................................................................. 5
Engine Identification
Engine Diagrams ................................................... 9
Engine Views ....................................................... 9
Engine Identification .............................................. 7
Engine Dataplate ................................................. 7
Specifications......................................................... 8
Specifications
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Camshaft and Camshaft Bushing ...................... 105
Capscrew Markings and Torque Values - Metric 115
Capscrew Markings and Torque Values - U.S.
Customary.......................................................... 116
Capscrew Markings and Torque Values ............. 115
Connecting Rod, Piston Ring and Piston Pin..... 111
Crankshaft.......................................................... 106
Cylinder Block .................................................... 104
Cylinder Head .................................................... 103
Cylinder .............................................................. 109
Flywheel ............................................................. 108
Fraction, Decimal, Millimeter Conversions......... 117
Newton-Meter to Foot-Pound Conversion
Chart .................................................................. 118
Oil Pump ............................................................ 112
Pipe Plug Torque Values .................................... 118
Piston ................................................................. 110
Regulator Valve.................................................. 113
Rocker Arm Shaft, Push Rod and Tappets......... 102
Tap-Drill Chart - U.S. Customary and Metric...... 119
Thermostat ......................................................... 114
Timing Gear........................................................ 107
Valves, Valve Guides, and Springs .................... 101
Weight and Measures - Conversion Factors...... 120
Procedures and Techniques .................................20
Troubleshooting Symptoms Charts.......................20
Coolant Contamination .......................................34
Coolant Loss.......................................................35
Coolant Temperature above Normal...................38
Engine Cranks But Will Not Start
(No Exhaust Smoke) ..........................................22
Engine Difficult to Start or Will Not Start
(Exhaust Smoke) (Continued) ............................24
Engine Difficult to Start or Will Not Start
(Exhaust Smoke) ................................................23
Engine Has Poor Respones ...............................25
Engine Power Output Low (Continued) ..............29
Engine Power Output Low..................................28
Engine Runs Rough or Misfires..........................27
Engine Stops During Operation ..........................26
Engine Vibration Excessive ................................41
Engine Will Not Crank or Cranks Slowly ............21
Excessive Exhaust (Black Smoke) .....................30
Excessive Noise (Continued) .............................40
Excessive Noise .................................................39
Fuel consumption Is Excessive ..........................33
Lubricating Oil Consumption Excessive .............31
Lubricating Oil Contaminated .............................32
Lubricating Oil Pressure Is Low..........................36
Oil Level Rises....................................................37
Special Tool
Special Tool List ................................................. 121
Complete Engine
Complete Engine ..................................................42
Engine Assembly ................................................61
Engine Disassembly ...........................................42
Diesel Engine
3
Index
About the Manual
This Troubleshooting and Repair Manual is intended to aid in determining the cause of engine-related problems
and to provide recommended repair procedures.
The material in this manual covers all Signature engines. The manual is divided into sections. Each section is
equivalent to a group used in Cummins filmcard system. Some sections contain reference numbers and
procedure numbers. Reference numbers provide general information, specifications, diagrams, and service tools
where applicable. Procedure numbers are used to identify and reference specific repair procedures for correcting
the problem.
This manual is designed so the troubleshooting trees are used to locate the cause of an engine problem. The
troubleshooting trees then direct the user to the correct repair procedure. The repair procedures within a section
are in numerical order. However, the repair steps within a given procedure are organized in the order the repair
must be performed, regardless of the numerical order of the steps. The user must use the Section Contents pages
or the Index at the back of the manual to locate specific topics when not using the troubleshooting trees.
How to Use the Manual
This manual is organized to provide an easy flow from problem identification to problem correction. A list of
troubleshooting symptoms containing the most common engine problems is in the Troubleshooting Symptoms,
Section TS. The manual is designed to use the Troubleshooting Symptoms as a guide to locating the problem and
directing the end user to the correct procedure for making the repair. Complete the following steps to locate and
correct the problem.
(Step 1)
(Step 2)
(Step 3)
(Step 4)
Diesel Engine
Locate the symptom on the Section Contents pages of Section TS.
Reference to the page number where the Troubleshooting Symptom Tree is
found is made to the right of the symptom tree title.
The left column of boxes in the Troubleshooting Symptom Charts indicates a
probable cause of the problem, starting at the top with the simplest and easiest to
repair, and continuing downward to the most difficult.
The right column of boxes provides a brief description of the corrective action
with a reference number to the correct procedure used to make the repair.
Locate the probable cause in the left column; then turn to the procedure
referenced in the right column.
The Troubleshooting Symptom Charts are based on the following assumptions:
1. The engine has been installed according to the manufacturer's specifications.
2. The easiest repairs are done first.
3. "Generic" solutions cover problems with the most common applications and
original equipment manufacturer (OEM).
4
Introduction
Symbols
The following symbols have been used in this manual to help communicate the intent of the instructions. When
one of the symbols appears, it conveys the meaning defined below:
WARNING – Serious personal injury or extensive property damage can result if the
warning instructions are not followed.
CAUSION – Minor personal injury can result or a part, an assembly or the engine can be
damaged if the Caution instructions are not followed.
Indicates a REMOVAL or DISASSEMBLY step.
Indicates an INSTALLATION or ASSEMBLY step.
INSPECTION is required.
CLEAN the part or assembly.
PERFORM a mechanical or time MEASUREMENT.
LUBRICATE the part or assembly.
Indicates that a WRENCH or TOOL SIZE will be given.
TIGHTEN to a specific torque
PERFORM an electrical MEASUREMENT.
Refer to another location in this manual or another publication for additional information.
The component weighs 23kg [50lb] or more. To avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift the component.
Diesel Engine
5
Introduction
Illustrations
Some of the illustrations throughout this manual are
generic and will not look exactly like the engine or
parts used in your application. The illustrations can
contain symbols to indicate an action required and an
acceptable or not acceptable condition.
th8sesa
The illustrations are intended to show repair or
replacement procedures. The procedure will be the
same for all applications, although the illustration can
differ.
Ca8vagc
Diesel Engine
6
Introduction
Engine Identification
Engine Dataplate
The engine dataplate shows specific information
about the engine. The engine serial number (ESN)
and control parts list (CPL) provide information for
ordering parts and for service needs.
NOTE:
The engine dataplate must not be changed
unless approved by Cummins Engine
Company, Inc.
00900248
00900249
Diesel Engine
7
Engine Identification
Specifications
Performance
Test Condition
Rated Power
Max Torque
Torque Rising
BSFC
Standard
Air Cleaner
Muffler
Alternator
Fan
kW(PS)
Nm(kgf-m)
@Rated Power
@Max Torque
g/kWh
g/kWh
General Engine Data
Engine Weight (Dry) Less Flywheel and Electronics
Compression Ratio
Bore
Stroke
Displacement
Firing Order
Intake
Valve Clearance:
Exhaust
Rotation Viewed from the Front of the Engine
D20/25/30/32/33S-3
450/450Plus,460/460Plus
SAEJ1995
without but with 3.0kPa intake restriction
without but with 10.0kPa exhaust restriction
without
without
43.4 (59) @ 2200 rpm 48.5 (65) @ 2600 rpm
202 (20.6) @ 1600 rpm
214 (21.8) @ 1600 rpm
7.4 % for 2200rpm rating
20.0% for 2600rpm rating
227 @2200rpm
236 @ 2600rpm
219 @1600rpm
226 @ 1600rpm
Naturally Aspirated
245 kg [540 lb]
18.8
95 mm [3.74 in]
115 mm [4.528 in]
3.26 liters [199 in³]
1-2-4-3
0.35 mm [0.014 in]
0.50 mm [0.020 in]
Clockwise
Lubrication System
Regulating Valve Opening Pressure
Total System
Standard Oil Pan Only
Lubricating Oil Pressure at Idle (Minimum Allowable)
Lubricating Oil Pressure at Rated (Minimum Allowable)
Oil Filter Differential Pressure to Open Bypass Valve
Number of liters [qt] from Low to High
Lubricating Oil Capacity:
Naturally Aspirated
490 kPa [71 psi]
7.5 liters [8.0 qt]
8.0 liters [8.5 qt]
7.0 liters [7.4 qt]
69 kPa [10 psi]
245 kPa [35 psi]
98 kPa [14 psi]
1.5 liters [1.6 qt]
Cooling System
Coolant Capacity (Engine Only )
Standard Modulating Thermostat Start
Range:
Fully Open
Maximum Pressure Cap @ Sea Level
Naturally Aspirated
4.5 liters [4.75 qt]
82° C [180° F]
95° C [203° F]
50 kPa [7 psi]
Air Induction System
Maximum Allowable Intake Restriction at Rated Speed and
Load with Dirty Filter Element
Naturally Aspirated
762 mm H2O
[30 in H2O]
Exhaust System
Maximum Allowable Exhaust Restriction at Rated Speed and
Load with Dirty Filter Element
Naturally Aspirated
75 mm Hg
[3 in Hg]
Fuel System
Maximum Allowable Restriction to the Fuel Transfer Pump
or Filter Head Must Not Exceed
Maximum Allowable Return Line Restriction Must Not
Exceed
Inlet Pressure to the Injection Pump Range
Naturally Aspirated
75 mm Hg
[3 in Hg]
190.5 mm Hg
[7.5 in Hg]
0.00 kPa [0.00 psi] to 39.0 kPa [5.00 psi]
Electrical System
Naturally Aspirated
Minimum Recommended Battery
12-VDC Starter
550 CCA
Capacity with Light Accessories*:
Minimum Recommended Battery
Capacity with Heavy
12-VDC Starter
730 CCA
Accessories**:
Maximum Allowable Resistance
12-VDC Starter
0.0012 ohms
of the Starting Circuit:
*Typical light accessories include: Alternator, small steering pump, and disengaged clutch.
**Typical heavy accessories include: Hydraulic pump and torque converter.
Diesel Engine
8
Engine Identification
Engine Diagrams
Engine Views
The following illustrations show the locations of the major external engine components, filters, and other service
and maintenance points. Some external components will be at different locations for different engine models.
Intake Side
(Naturally Aspirated)
00900138
1.
2.
3.
4.
5. Fan
6. Fuel Filter
7. Oil Fill Cap.
Intake Manifold
Starting Motor
Fuel Injection Pump
Crankshaft Pulley
Diesel Engine
9
Engine Identification
Exhaust Side
(Naturally Aspirated)
00900139
1. Oil Fill Cap
2. Thermostat Housing
3. Alternator
Diesel Engine
4. Dipstick
5. Oil Filter
6. Exhaust Manifold.
10
Engine Identification
Front View
(Naturally Aspirated)
00900140
Rear View
(Naturally Aspirated)
00900141
Diesel Engine
11
Engine Identification
Exhaust Side
(Naturally Aspirated)
00900146
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8. Camshaft
9. Piston
10. Intake and Exhaust Valve
11. Rocker Arm
12. Timing Gear
13. Cooling Water.
Oil Strainer
Oil Pump
Oil Cooler (Optional)
Regulator Valve
Oil Filter
Safety Valve
Crankshaft
Diesel Engine
12
Engine Identification
Oil Pump
00900148
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8. Regulator Valve
9. Valve Spring.
Bushing
Gear Drive (number of teeth: 7)
Pump cover
Oil Pump Drive Gear (number of teeth: 22)
Driveshaft
Drivenshaft
Driven Gear (number of teeth: 7)
Oil pump
• Type: Gear Type
• Pump Speed: Engine Speed x 1.182.
Regulator Valve
• Set Pressure: 490 ± 50kPa [71 ± 7psi].
Diesel Engine
13
Engine Identification
Fuel System
00900149
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fuel Injection Pump
Overflow Valve
Fuel Solenoid
Fuel Injection Nozzle
Diesel Engine
14
Fuel Tank
Water-in-Fuel Sensor (WIF)
Fuel Filter
Hand Priming Pump.
Engine Identification
Fuel Injection Pump
00900150
A. Fuel Inlet (from Fuel Tank)
B. To. Fuel Tank
C. To Fuel Injection Pump
D. To Fuel Injection Nozzle.
1. Pump Holder
2. Fuel Injection Pump Drive Gear
(number of teeth: 52)
3. Drive Shaft
4. Fuel Injection Pump (Body)
5. Fuel Filter
6. Fuel Injection Pipe (No. 1)
7. Fuel Injection Pipe (No. 2)
8. Fuel Injection Pipe (No. 3)
9. Fuel Injection Pipe (No. 4)
10. Spill Tube
Diesel Engine
Fuel Injection Pump
• Maker: Zexel
• Type: VE
• Lubrication Method: Forced Lubrication with Fuel
Governor
• Type: Mechanical, All-speed Type.
15
Engine Identification
Fuel Injection Nozzle
00900151
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
A. Fuel Inlet (from injection pump)
B. Fuel Injection (to cylinder)
C. Fuel Return (to fuel tank).
Fuel Drain Line Connector
Nozzle Holder
Adjusting Shim
Nozzle spring
Spring seat
Intermadiate Plate
Nozzle Body
Retaining Nut
Needle.
Diesel Engine
Fuel Injection Nozzle
• Maker: Zexel
• Injection Pressure: 40 MPa
• Adjustment of Injection Pressure: By Shim.
16
Engine Identification
Cooling System
00900147
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. Cylinder Head
7. Piston
8. Cylinder Block
9. Oil Cooler (optional).
A. From Oil Pump (oil).
Radiator
Thermostat
Water Temperature Gauge
Water Pump
Water Manifold
Diesel Engine
17
Engine Identification
Air Intake System
00900227
1. Filtered Air
2. Intake Manifold
3. Intake Valve Port.
Diesel Engine
18
Engine Identification
Exhaust System
00900232
1. Exhaust Valve Port
2. Exhaust Manifold
Diesel Engine
19
Engine Identification
Procedures and Techniques
A thorough analysis of the customer's complaint is the key to successful troubleshooting. The more information
known about a complaint, the faster and easier the problem can be solved.
The Troubleshooting Symptom Charts are organized so that a problem can be located and corrected by doing the
easiest and most logical things first. Complete all steps in the sequence shown from top to bottom.
It is not possible to include all the solutions to problems that can occur; however, these charts are designed to
stimulate a thought process that will lead to the cause and correction of the problem.
Follow these basic troubleshooting steps:
• Get all the facts concerning the complaint
• Analyze the problem thoroughly
• Relate the symptoms to the basic engine systems and components
• Consider any recent maintenance or repair action that can relate to the complaint
• Double-check before beginning any disassembly
• Solve the problem by using the symptom charts and doing the easiest things first
• Determine the cause of the problem and make a thorough repair
• After repairs have been made, operate the engine to make sure the cause of the complaint has been
corrected
Troubleshooting Symptoms Charts
Use the charts on the following pages of this section to aid in diagnosing specific engine symptoms. Read each
row of blocks from top to bottom. Follow through the chart to identify the corrective action.
Diesel Engine
20
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Will Not Crank or Cranks Slowly
This is symptom tree T-002.
Cause
Correction
Defective wiring of starting circuit
Troubleshoot and repair starting circuit wiring
including relays and switches.
OK
Specific gravity of battery electrolytr is low, or
Battery voltage is low
OK
Check the alternator. If the alternator checks
Out, replace the battery.
Staring motor is malfunctioning
Replace the staring motor.
OK
Ring gear tooth surface is chipped or damaged
Diesel Engine
Replace ring gear.
21
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Cranks But Will Not Start (No Exhaust Smoke)
This is symptom tree T-003.
Cause
Correction
Fuel level low in the tank
Fill the supply tank.
OK
Improper fuel is being used
Drain fuel and replace with correct fuel.
OK
Clogged fuel tank air breather hole
Clean the fuel tank breather.
OK
Engine does start when voltage is applied to
the fuel cut solenoid valve
OK
Troubleshoot and repair the circuit wiring.
Engine does not start when voltage is applied
to the fuel cut solenoid valve
OK
Replace the fuel cut solenoid valve.
Clogged prefilter
Clean the prefilter.
OK
Clogged fuel filter or strainer
Clean or replace the fuel filter or strainer.
OK
Clogged or leaking fuel piping
Clean and repair the fuel piping.
OK
Feed pump is damaged or seized
Replace the feed pump.
OK
Injector are plugged
Replace the injectors.
OK
Injection pump driveshaft or driveshaft key is
damaged
Diesel Engine
Repair or replace the injection pump.
22
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Difficult to Start or Will Not Start (Exhaust Smoke)
This is symptom tree T-004.
Cause
Correction
Starting aid malfunctioning or heater mount
Does not become warm
OK
Replace the starting aid.
Crank speed is too slow (minimum crank
Speed: 150 rpm)
OK
Verify drive units are not engaged. Check the
Battery and recharge or replace.
Improper fuel is being used
Drain fuel and replace with correct fuel.
OK
Clogged air cleaner element
Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
OK
Clogged prefilter
Clean the prefilter.
OK
Clogged fuel filter or strainer
Clean or replace the fuel filter or strainer.
OK
Leakage, clogging, air in fuel system
Repair and clean the fuel filter or strainer.
OK
Injection pump timing is incorrect
Retime the injection pump.
OK
(Continued)
Diesel Engine
23
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Difficult to Start or Will Not Start (Exhaust Smoke) (Continued)
Cause
Correction
Overhead adjustments are not correct
Measure and adjust the overhead settings.
OK
Inspect the rocker levers, rocker shafs, and
valve for excessive damage. Replace as
necessary.
Overhead components are damaged
OK
Replace the defective or clogged injection
nozzle
Defective or clogged injection nozzle
OK
Injection pump is malfunctioning
Repair or replace the injection pump.
OK
Worn piston ring or cylinder resulting in low
compression
Diesel Engine
Replace the worn piston ring or cylinder.
24
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Has Poor Respones
This is symptom tree T-005.
Cause
Correction
Clogged air cleaner element
Clean or replace the air cleaner element
OK
Clogged fuel tank air breather hole
Clean the fuel tank breather.
OK
Clogged prefilter
Clean or replace the fuel filter or strainer.
OK
Clogged fuel filter or strainer
Clean and repair the fuel piping
OK
Clogged or leaking fuel piping
Clean and adjust the overhead settings.
OK
Overhead adjustments are not correct
Measure and adjust the overhead settings.
OK
Defective contact of valve or valve seat
Resulting in low compression
OK
Replace the cylinder head.
Turbocharger does not rotate freely
Replace the turbocharger.
OK
Replace the defective or clogged injection
nozzle.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle
OK
Injection pump is malfunctioning
Repair or replace the injection pump.
OK
Worn piston ring or cylinder resulting in low
Compression
Diesel Engine
Replace the worn piston ring or cylinder.
25
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Stops During Operation
This is symptom tree T-006.
Cause
Correction
Chassis powertrain is damaged or overloaded
Refer to the OEM’s service manuals.
OK
Fuel level low in the tank
Fill the supply tank.
OK
Clogged fuel tank air breather hole
Clean the fuel tank breather.
OK
Clogged prefilter
Clean the prefilter.
OK
Clogged fuel filter or strainer
Clean and or replace the fuel filter or strainer.
OK
Clogged or leaking fuel piping
Clean and repair the fuel piping.
OK
Feed pump piston is damaged or seized
Replace the feed pump.
OK
Inspect the rocker levers, rocker shafts, and
valves for excessive damage. Replace as
necessary.
Overhead components are damaged
OK
Injection pump is malfunctioning
Replace the injection pump.
OK
Gear train damaged or seized
Refer to OEM’s service manuals.
OK
Piston or connecting rod is damaged
Replace damaged piston or connecting rod.
OK
Crankshaft bearing is damaged
Diesel Engine
Replace damaged crankshaft bearing.
26
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Runs Rough or Misfires
This is symptom tree T-007.
Cause
Correction
Fuel level low in the tank
Fill the supply tank.
OK
Clogged fuel tank air breather hole
Clean the fuel tank breather.
OK
Low idle speed is adjusted too low
Adjust the low idle speed.
OK
Clogged prefilter
Clean the prefilter.
OK
Clogged fuel filter or strainer
Clean or replace the fuel filter or strainer.
OK
Line between the fuel tank and feed pump
are clogged or have air in them
OK
Clean and repair the lines.
Line between the feed pump and the injector
nozzle are clogged or have air in them
OK
Clean and repair the lines.
Injection pump is malfunctioning
Diesel Engine
Replace the injection pump.
27
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Power Output Low
This is symptom tree T-008.
Cause
Correction
Improper fuel is being used
Drain and replace the fuel with the correct fuel.
OK
Clogged air cleaner element
Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
OK
Clogged fuel tank air breather hole
Clean the fuel tank breather.
OK
Full throttle can not be achieved because the
fuel lever linkage is bent or not adjusted
correctly
OK
Repair or adjust the fuel lever linkage.
Clogged prefilter
Clean the prefilter.
OK
Clogged fuel filter or strainer
Clean and or replace the fuel filter or strainer.
OK
Clogged or leaking fuel piping
Clean and repair the fuel piping.
OK
Feed pump is defective
Replace the feed pump.
OK
Overhead adjustments are not correct
Measure and adjust the overhead settings.
OK
(Continued)
Diesel Engine
28
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Power Output Low (Continued)
Cause
Correction
Defective contact of valve or seat
Resulting in low compression
OK
Replace the cylinder head.
Turbocharger does not rotate freely
Replace the turbocharger.
OK
Replace the defective or clogged injection
nozzle.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle
OK
Injection pump is malfunctioning
Replace the injection pump.
OK
Worn piston ring or cylinder resulting in low
compression
Diesel Engine
Replace the worn piston ring or cylinder.
29
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Excessive Exhaust (Black Smoke)
This is symptom tree T-009.
Cause
Correction
Engine is bring lugged down
Use lower gear.
OK
Clogged air cleaner element
Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
OK
Replace the muffler. Refer to the OEM’s
service manual.
Muffler is crushed or clogged
OK
Tighten the clamp between turbocharger and
head. Repair leaks between turbocharger and
head.
Air leakage between the turbocharger and
head
OK
Exhaust leak between turbocharger and
Exhaust manifold
Inspect and change gaskets.
OK
Turbocharger does not rotate freely
Replace the turbocharger.
OK
Defective or clogged injection nozzle
Adjust or replace the injection pump.
OK
Worn piston ring or cylinder (blue smoke)
Replace the worn piston ring or cylinder.
OK
Incorrect injection timing
Adjust injection timing.
OK
Overhead adjustments are not correct
Diesel Engine
Measure and adjust the overhead settings.
30
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Lubricating Oil Consumption Excessive
This is symptom tree T-010.
Cause
Correction
Lubricating oil leak (external)
Inspect the engine the external oil leaks.
Tighten the capscrews, pipe plugs, and fittings.
Replace the gaskets if necessary.
OK
Intake system is contaminated with dust
Remove and clean intake manifold.
OK
Dipstick is not calibrated correctly
Verify the dipstick is correctly marked.
OK
Breather or breather hose is clogged
Clean the breather and breather hose.
OK
Turbocharger compressor or turbine oil seal is
Leaking
Replace the compressor or turbine seal.
OK
Rear crankshaft seal or seal surface is
damaged
OK
Repair or replace seal and surface.
Valve stem, guide, or seal is damaged
Repair or replace the damaged component.
OK
Replace the worn or broken piston ring or
cylinder.
Worn or broken piston ring or cylinder
Diesel Engine
31
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Lubricating Oil Contaminated
This is symptom tree T-011.
Cause
Correction
Breather or breather hose is clogged
Clean the breather and breather hose.
OK
Lubricating oil filter is clogged
Replace the filter.
OK
Turbocharger turbine oil seal is damaged
Replace the turbine seal.
OK
Turbocharger turbine oil seal is damaged
Replace the turbine seal.
OK
Turbocharger turbine oil seal is
Damaged
Replace the turbine seal.
OK
Refer to Exhaust Gas Is Black (Incomplete
Combustion).
Exhaust gas is black
OK
Defective contact of valve or valve seat
resulting in low compression
OK
Repair the valve or valve seat.
Worn piston ring or cylinder resulting in low
Compression
Diesel Engine
Replace the worn piston ring or cylinder.
32
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Fuel consumption Is Excessive
This is symptom tree T-012.
Cause
Correction
Overloading from malfunctioning accessories
Check and repair the accessories. Refer to the
OEM’s service manuals.
OK
Refer to the operation and maintenance
manual for proper operating speeds and loads.
Operator technique is not correct
OK
Check the fuel lines, fuel connections, and fuel
filters for leaks. Check the fuel lines to the
supply tanks. Refer to the OEM’s service
manual.
Fuel leaks (external)
OK
Assure good-quality No.2 diesel fuel is being
used.
Poor-quality fuel or No.1 fuel is being used
OK
Refer to troubleshooting logic for Exhaust Gas
is Blake.
Intake or exhaust restriction
OK
Replace the defective or clogged injection
nozzle.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle
OK
Incorrect injection timing
Adjust injection timing.
OK
Injection pump is adjusted incorrectly causing
excessive injection
Diesel Engine
Adjust or replace the injection pump.
33
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Coolant Contamination
This is symptom tree T-013.
Cause
Correction
Coolant is rusty
Review the coolant change interval. Drain and
flush the system. Fill the system with the
Correct mixture of coolant and water.
OK
Lubricating oil cooler for powertrain is damaged
Refer to the OEM’s service manual.
OK
Cylinder head gasket is cracked or damaged
Replace the cylinder head or gasket.
OK
Cylinder block is cracked or porous
Diesel Engine
Replace the cylinder block.
34
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Coolant Loss
This is symptom tree T-013.1
Cause
Correction
Radiator or cab heater is leaking
Inspect the radiator heater, hoses, and
connection to locate the leak. If oil is present in
the coolant, check for a transmission or
lubricating oil cooler leak.
OK
Inspect the engine and components for seal,
gasket, or drain cock leaks.
External engine leak
OK
Review the operation for overheating and low
power. Refer to troubleshooting logic for
Coolant Temperature Above Normal.
Overheating or compression gases are leaking
Resulting in loss through the radiator overflow
OK
Check for mixing of coolant and transmission
fluid.
Transmission cooler is leaking (if equipped)
OK
Cylinder head gasket is leaking
Check or replace the head gasket.
OK
Cylinder head is cracked or porous
Check or replace the cylinder head.
OK
Cylinder block coolant passages are leaking
Diesel Engine
Check or replace the cylinder block.
35
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Lubricating Oil Pressure Is Low
This is symptom tree T-014.
Cause
Correction
Check the oil level. Verify the dipstick
calibration and the oil pan capacity. Fill the
system to the specified level.
Lubricating oil lever is below specification
OK
Oil level or pressure sensor is damaged
Replace the oil lever or oil pressure sensor.
OK
Lubricating oil filter is clogged
Replace the filter
OK
Fuel or coolant is in the lubricating oil.
Refer to Oil Level Rises symptom tree.
OK
Regulator or relief valve is not adjusted
Correctly
Adjust the regulator or relief valve.
OK
Lubricating oil pan strainer is clogged
Clean the strainer.
OK
Lubricating oil suction tube is damaged
Repair or replace the suction tube.
OK
Lubricating oil pump is damaged
Replace the oil pump.
OK
Main or rod bearing is worn or damaged
Diesel Engine
Replace the bearing
36
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Oil Level Rises
This is symptom tree T-015.
Cause
Correction
Rear crankshaft seal or seal surface is
damaged
OK
Repair or replace seal and surface
Replace the auxiliary pump. Refer to the OEM’s
service manual.
Auxiliary equipment has damaged pump seal
OK
Injector sleeve is damaged
Replace the injector sleeve.
OK
Fuel injector is leaking inside cylinder head
Replace the injector.
OK
Injector pump seal is leaking
Remove and repair the injection pump.
OK
Cylinder head or head gasket is cracked or
damaged
OK
Replace the cylinder head or gaeket.
Cylinder block is cracked or porous
Diesel Engine
Replace the cylinder block.
37
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Coolant Temperature above Normal
This is symptom tree T-016.
Cause
Correction
Inspect the engine and radiator for external
coolant leaks.
Coolant level is below specification
OK
Fan belt is slipping or the fan pulley is worn
Replace the fan belt or pulley.
OK
Water temperature gauge is malfunctioning
Replace the water temperature gauge.
OK
Radiator fin is clogged or crushed
Clean, repair, or replace the radiator.
OK
Radiator core is clogged
Clean and repair the radiator.
OK
Thermostat is defective and does not open
Replace the thermostat.
OK
Water pump is damaged
Replace the water pump.
OK
Cylinder head or head gasket is cracked or
damaged
Diesel Engine
Replace the cylinder head or graket.
38
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Excessive Noise
This is symptom tree T-017.
Cause
Correction
Belt is squeaking due to insufficient tension or
abnormally high loading
OK
Check and adjust belt tension. Make sure all
the pulleys rotate freely.
Tighten the clamp between turbocharger and
head. Repair leaks between turbocharger and
head.
Air leakage between the turbocharger and
head
OK
Refer to Exhaust Gas is Black troubleshooting
tree.
Exhaust leaks
OK
Turbocharger does not rotate freely
Replace the turbocharger.
OK
Gear train backlash is not adjusted correctly
Adjust the backlash for the gear train.
OK
Idler gear bushing is damaged or missing
Replace the idler gear bushing.
OK
Replace the defective or clogged injection
nozzle.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle
OK
Overhead adjustments are not correct
Measure and adjust the overhead settings.
OK
Inspect the rocker levers, rocker shafts, and
valves for excessive damage.
Overhead components are damaged
OK
(Continued)
Diesel Engine
39
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Excessive Noise (Continued)
Cause
Correction
Injection pump is adjusted incorrectly
Adjust or replace the injection pump.
OK
Worn piston ring or cylinder resulting in low
compression
Diesel Engine
Replace the worn piston ring or cylinder.
40
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Engine Vibration Excessive
This is symptom tree T-018.
Cause
Correction
Engine mounting bolts are loose or the engine
mounting cushion is broken
OK
Replace the engine mounting bolts or cushion.
Repair the alignment. Refer to the OEM’s
service manual.
Engine and powertrain is out of alignment
OK
Gear train backlash is not adjusted correctly
Adjust the backlash for the gear train.
OK
Inspect the rocker levers, rocker shafts, and
valves for excessive damage. Replace as
necessary.
Overhead components are damaged
OK
Cam bushing is worn
Replace the cam bushing.
OK
Injection pump is adjusted incorrectly
Adjust or replace the injection pump.
OK
Main bearing or connecting rod is worn or
damaged
Diesel Engine
Replace the connecting rod or main bearing.
41
Troubleshooting Symptoms
Complete Engine
Engine Disassembly
Service Tool
Part No.
3375193
or
3375194
3163625
3163292
3397890
3823137
Part Name
Unit Repair Stand or Engine Overhaul Stand
Quantity
1
Bracket
Valve Spring Compressor
Flange Puller
Piston Ring Expansion Tool
1
1
1
1
Engine Removal
NOTE:
Put tag on all hoses, lines, linkage, and
electrical connections as they are removed
to identify location and aid the installation
process.
fp8hola
WARNING
Always disconnect the negative (-) cable first.
Disconnect the battery cables.
WARNING
Allow the engine to cool before draining to avoid
burns from hot liquid.
ea8wrha
WARNING
Coolant is toxic. Keep away from children and
animals. Save for reuse or dispose of in
accordance with local regulations.
Drain the engine coolant.
Diesel Engine
42
Complete Engine
WARNING
Some state and federal agencies in the United
States of America have determined that used oil
is carcinogenic and can cause reproductive
toxicity. Avoid inhalation of vapors, ingestion, and
prolonged contact with used engine oil. Always
use the proper procedures to dispose of the oil.
Drain the lubricating oil.
op800li
Engine Oil: 7.5 liters [1.98 U.S.gal]
Disconnect the starter cable, engine ground straps,
cab or chassis to engine hoses, tubing, electrical
wires and hydraulic lines.
Disconnect the intake and exhaust system pipes.
oi400hc
Disconnect the drive units from the flywheel housing
and flywheel.
tr400wa
Remove all chassis components necessary
remove the engine from the equipment.
to
ra400ha
Diesel Engine
43
Complete Engine
Prepare a stable stand, Part No. 3375193 or 3375194,
which will prevent the engine from falling over.
Engine Weight (approx.): 255 kg [562 lb]
00900154
Remove the starting motor.
00900156
Install the bracket, Part No. 3163625, on the engine.
00900207
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component. The engine
lifting equipment must be designed to lift the
engine without causing personal injury.
Put the engine on the stand.
00900208
Diesel Engine
44
Complete Engine
Cover all the engine openings to prevent dirt and
debris from entering the engine.
00900209
Fan Pulley
WARNING
Be careful not to injure your fingers or damage
the alternator when moving the alternator toward
the cylinder block.
Loosen the mounting capscrew of the adjustment
plate (1). Loosen the alternator mounting capscrew
and nut.
Move the alternator toward the cylinder block, and
remove the belt (2).
Remove the fan pulley.
00900158
Fan
Remove the four capscrews, retainer plate, fan, and
spacer.
00900157
Alternator
Remove the adjusting capscrew and washer.
Remove the capscrew, adjustment plate, and spacer.
Remove the remaining capscrew and alternator.
00900159
Diesel Engine
45
Complete Engine
Lubricating Oil Filter
Remove the lubricating oil filter.
00900155
Dipstick Guide
Remove the dipstick and dipstick guide.
00900160
Water Pump
Remove the mounting capscrews, water pump,
gasket, and o-ring.
Discard the gasket and o-ring.
00900161
Thermostat
Remove the two mounting capscrews, thermostat
housing, thermostat and seal.
18900025
Diesel Engine
46
Complete Engine
Exhaust Manifold
Remove the eight capscrews, exhaust manifold, and
gasket.
Discard the gasket.
00900162
Fuel Injection Tubing
Remove the clamp.
Remove the sleeve nuts and the fuel injection tubing
from the fuel injection pump and the cylinder head.
00900163
Intake Manifold
Remove the eight capscrews, intake manifold, and air
inlet connection. Remove the grid heated, if equipped.
Remove the four capscrews, air inlet connection, and
o-ring. Discard the o-ring.
00900164
Diesel Engine
47
Complete Engine
Spill Tube
Remove the spring hose clamps and hose.
Remove the spill tube.
00900166
Injector
CAUTION
Be careful not to damage the tip of the injector
when removing.
Remove the mounting capscrew, washer, and injector.
NOTE:
When removing the injector, clean around
the injector, and insert a blind plug to
prevent dust or dirt from entering the engine.
NOTE:
Mark the injectors with tags showing the
cylinder number, and keep it in a safe place.
If there is no abnormality in the injector,
install it in the same position during
assembly.
00900167
Rocker Lever Cover
Remove the three capscrews, isolator assemblies,
rocker lever cover, and o-ring.
03900075
Diesel Engine
48
Complete Engine
00900251
Rocker Arm Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7. Cup Plug
8. Snap Ring
9. Thrust Washer (if equipped)
10. Rocker Lever Pedestal
11. Rocker Lever
12. Adjusting Screw.
Rocker Shaft
Adjusting Screw Lock Nut
Pedestal Mounting Capscrews
Separating Spring
Rocker Shaft Indexing Screw
Pedestal Mounting Stud
Rocker Arm Assembly
Remove the mounting capscrews and the rocker arm
assembly.
NOTE:
When removing the rocker arm, loosen the
locknut, and turn the adjustment screw
counterclockwise 2 to 3 turns.
00900169
Diesel Engine
49
Complete Engine
Pushrods
Remove the pushrods from the cylinder head.
NOTE:
Mark the pushrods with tags showing the
cylinder number, and keep it in a safe place.
If there is no abnormality in the push rod,
install it in the same position during
assembly.
00900170
Cylinder Head Assembly
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component.
Remove the mounting capscrews, cylinder head
assembly, and gasket.
Discard the gasket.
00900171
Cylinder Head Assembly - Disassembly
Using the spring pusher, Part No. 3398179, compress
the valve spring, and remove the valve collets.
00900172
Loosen the spring, and remove the spring seat and
valve spring.
00900173
Diesel Engine
50
Complete Engine
Raise the cylinder head, and remove the valve.
NOTE:
Mark the valves with tags to show the place
of installation and keep in a safe place.
00900174
Fuel Injection Pump
CAUTION
Do not allow dirt or dust to enter the oil and fuel
inlet and outlet ports. Severe engine damage will
occur if contaminants are allowed to enter the
engine.
Remove the fuel supply tube from the fuel injection
pump.
Remove the mounting capscrew from the bracket and
fuel injection pump.
00900176
NOTE:
The fuel injector pump, adapter plate, and
gear are removed as an assembly. The gear
can then be removed from the pump if
necessary.
Remove the mounting capscrews of the fuel injector
pump adapter plate.
Remove the fuel injector pump assembly, adapter
plate, and o-ring from the gear housing.
Discard the o-ring.
00900211
Remove the nut and washer from the fuel injection
pump.
Remove the fuel injection pump gear from the fuel
injection pump.
00900210
Diesel Engine
51
Complete Engine
Remove the two mounting nuts, fuel injection pump,
and o-ring from the adapter plate.
Discard the o-ring.
00900246
PTO Shaft (if applicable)
Remove the two capscrews, flange, o-ring, and PTO
shaft.
00900177
Lubricating Oil Pan
Remove the 24 capscrews, lubricating oil pan, and
gasket.
Discard the gasket.
00900178
Lubricating Oil Suction Tube
Remove the two mounting capscrews, lubricating oil
suction tube, and o-ring.
Discard the o-ring.
00900179
Diesel Engine
52
Complete Engine
Crankshaft Pulley
Remove the capscrew and mounting plate.
00900180
Remove the crankshaft pulley using flange puller,
Part No. 3397890.
00900212
Gear Housing Cover
Remove the 17 capscrews and the gear housing
cover.
00900181
NOTE:
A noise damper is installed on some
engines. The noise damper must be
removed prior to removing the front oil seal.
Remove the front oil seal from the gear housing cover.
00900182
Diesel Engine
53
Complete Engine
Lubricating Oil Pump
Remove the five capscrews and the lubricating oil
pump.
00900183
Idler Gear
Remove the capscrew, retainer plate, and idler gear.
NOTE: If a PTO is installed, the idler gear uses a
bearing.
00900184
Camshaft Assembly
Remove the two mounting capscrews through the
casting holes in the camshaft gear.
00900185
Remove the thrust plate and camshaft assembly.
NOTE:
When removing the camshaft, lightly rotate
the shaft while being careful not to damage
the bushing.
00900186
Diesel Engine
54
Complete Engine
Flywheel
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component.
WARNING
00900187
The pilot is short, so the flywheel can come off
suddenly.
Remove the six capscrews, retaining plate, coupling,
and flywheel.
Flywheel Housing
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component.
Remove the nine capscrews, rear oil seal, and
flywheel housing.
00900188
Remove the rear oil seal.
00900189
Block Water Heater
NOTE:
Be sure the engine coolant has been
drained.
Disconnect the block heater electrical cord.
cs900wf
Diesel Engine
55
Complete Engine
Loosen the block heater retaining nut.
Remove the block heater from the block.
cs900mb
Piston, Connecting Rod Assembly
Turn the cylinder block on its side with cylinders
positioned horizontally.
00900190
CAUTION
Be careful not to damage the inside of the
cylinder.
Remove the carbon at the top of the cylinder using
fine sandpaper.
00900191
Measure the side clearance of the connecting rod
with a dial gauge before removing the piston and
connecting rod assembly.
Side Clearance
mm
0.20
0.40
MIN
MAX
in
0.0079
0.016
00900192
Diesel Engine
56
Complete Engine
Rotate the camshaft to set the piston at bottom dead
center.
Remove the mounting capscrews of the connecting
rod cap.
Check the number stamped on the connecting rod
cap and the cylinder. The numbers must match.
NOTE: If there is no number stamped on the
connecting rod cap, stamp the correct
number on the camshaft end of the cap.
Tap the cap with a plastic hammer, and remove the
connecting rod cap and bearing.
00900193
Push a wooden bar or hammer handle through the
cylinder from the lubricating oil pan side of the block.
Support the piston at the cylinder head side of the
block, and push the bar in far enough to remove the
piston and connecting rod assembly.
00900195
Piston and Connecting Rod Assembly Disassembly
Remove the snap ring on one side of the piston using
pliers.
00900196
Remove the piston pin, and separate the piston and
connecting rod.
NOTE:
If the pin does not come out, place the
assembly in hot water prior to disassembly.
00900197
Diesel Engine
57
Complete Engine
Remove the snap ring on the other side of the piston
using pliers.
00900198
Remove the piston ring from the piston using piston
ring tool, Part No. 3823137.
00900199
If the bushing is worn, the connecting rod must be
replaced.
Inside Diameter: 30.00 mm [1.18 in]
NOTE: Keep the pistons, connecting rods, bearings,
piston rings, piston pins, and bushings in
sets for each cylinder number.
00900200
Main Bearing Cap
Rotate the cylinder block so that the bottom of the
block is facing up.
00900201
Diesel Engine
58
Complete Engine
Measure the end play of the crankshaft using a dial
gauge.
NOTE: The end play measurement is necessary for
determining the wear of the thrust bearing
and abnormal wear of the crankshaft.
Crankshaft End Play
mm
0.131
0.351
in
0.0052
0.0138
MIN
MAX
00900202
Remove the mounting capscrews of the main bearing
cap.
Remove the main bearing cap and lower bearing.
NOTE:
• Mark the thrust bearings so that they can be
installed into the correct position.
• The main bearing cap mounting capscrews must
be replaced after each use.
00900203
Crankshaft
CAUTION
Be careful not to hit the crankshaft against the
cylinder block and damage the sliding surface.
Remove the crankshaft.
00900204
Remove the upper main bearing.
NOTE: Mark the main bearings and thrust bearing
so that they can be installed into the correct
position.
00900205
Diesel Engine
59
Complete Engine
Tappet
Remove the tappet.
00900205
Diesel Engine
60
Complete Engine
Engine Assembly
Service Tools
Part No.
3375193
or
3375194
3163625
3163292
3823137
3397773
Part Name
Quantity
Unit Repair Stand or Engine Overhaul Stand
1
Bracket
Valve Spring Compressor
Piston Ring Expansion Tool
Piston Ring Compressor
1
1
1
1
Setting the Unit in the Repair Stand
Install bracket, Part No. 3163625, to the cylinder
block.
00900213
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component. The engine
lifting equipment must be designed to lift the
engine without causing personal injury.
Put the engine block on the stand.
00900214
Diesel Engine
61
Complete Engine
Tappet
NOTE:
Rotate the engine block so that the cylinder
head side is down.
Coat the tappet with engine oil and install into the
block.
00900215
Crankshaft
CAUTION
Confirm that there is no dirt or dust stuck to the
rear face of the bearing before installation. Debris
behind the bearing can cause severe engine
damage.
NOTE:
Coat the inside face of the bearing with
engine oil (SAE 30) before installation.
Align the protrusion of the upper main bearing with
the notch in the cylinder block.
Install the upper main bearings.
00900216
CAUTION
Do not hit the crankshaft against the cylinder
block. Damage to the block or crankshaft can
occur.
Position the crankshaft and gear in the cylinder block.
00900204
Main Bearing Cap
CAUTION
Confirm that there is no dirt or dust stuck to the
rear face of the bearing before installation. Debris
behind the bearing can cause severe engine
damage.
NOTE:
Coat the inside face of the bearing with
engine oil (SAE 30) before installation. The
number stamped on the main bearing cap
must be the same as the number stamped
on the cylinder block.
Align the protrusion in the lower main bearing with the
notch in the cap.
Install the lower main bearing into the main bearing
cap.
00900217
Diesel Engine
62
Complete Engine
• Casting number or cast arrow on the main
bearing cap must face toward the front of the
engine.
• New main bearing mounting capscrews must be
used.
• Coat the capscrew threads and seat face with
engine oil.
Position the main bearing caps and capscrews.
00900218
CAUTION
Install each thrust bearing with the oil groove on
the outside. Failure to do so will cause engine
damage or failure.
CAUTION
Do not let the thrust bearings slip out of place.
Engine damage or failure will result if the thrust
bearings are not properly installed.
00900219
NOTE:
Casting number or cast arrow on the main
bearing cap must face toward the front of
the engine. The thrust bearing is located on
the main bearing closest to the rear of the
engine (No. 5). Align the lower thrust
bearing with the dowel pin.
Install the upper thrust bearing.
Tighten the mounting capscrews in the order shown.
Torque Value:
Main Bearing
Capscrews
Step 1
2
3
113 N•m
[83 ft-lb]
Loosen all capscrews
completely
132 N•m
[98 ft-lb]
00900220
After tightening the mounting capscrews, make sure
the crankshaft rotates smoothly
NOTE:
00900222
Diesel Engine
63
Complete Engine
Measure the crankshaft end play using a dial indicator.
Crankshaft End Play
mm
0.131
0.351
in
0.0052
0.0138
MIN
MAX
00900202
Piston, Connecting Rod Assembly - Assemble
CAUTION
Be careful not to damage the piston or break the
piston rings.
Install the piston rings on the piston using piston ring
tool, Part No. 3823137.
NOTE: The rings must be set with the stamped
mark near the end facing up. The oil ring
(bottom ring) must be set with matching part
of the expander coil and the end gap of the
ring 180 degrees apart.
00900223
Install one snap ring on one side of the piston into the
snap ring groove.
00900198
NOTE:
The stamped “F” mark on the piston and the
match mark (or cast part number) on the
connecting rod must face in the same
direction.
Assemble the piston on the connecting rod by
installing the piston pin.
NOTE: Pistons do not need to be heated prior to
installing the piston pin. However, placing
the piston in hot water prior to installing the
pin will ease the installation.
00900197
Diesel Engine
64
Complete Engine
Install the other snap ring into the snap ring groove.
NOTE: Make sure the connecting rod moves freely
forward and backward after installing the
last snap ring.
00900196
Locate the end gaps of the piston rings as shown.
1. Top Ring
2. Second Ring
3. Oil Ring
4. Part Number Mark - “EXXXX”
- XXXX = Last Four Digits of the Part Number
- “NA” or “T”
- NA = Naturally Aspirated
- T = Turbocharged
00900225
NOTE:
Align the notch of the upper bearing with the
notch of the connecting rod.
Install the upper connecting rod bearing into the
connecting rod.
00900226
NOTE:
Coat the inside face of the cylinder, the
piston rings, and the surface of the
connecting rod bearing with engine oil (SAE
30). Install the piston and connecting rod
assembly with the “F” mark on the piston
facing the front of the engine.
NOTE: The connecting rods are stamped with the
number of the cylinder in which they are to
be installed. This match mark must be on
the camshaft side of the engine after
installation.
Set the crankshaft pin to bottom dead center.
Install the piston and connecting rod assembly from
the top of the cylinder block using piston holder, Part
No. 3397773.
00900228
Diesel Engine
65
Complete Engine
Align the notch of the lower bearing with the notch of
the connecting rod cap.
Install the lower connecting rod bearing into the
connecting rod cap.
00900229
NOTE:
Coat the lower bearing with engine oil (SAE
30). The connecting rod cap is stamped with
a number that must match both the number
on the connecting rod and the cylinder in
which it is being installed.
Install the connecting rod cap and capscrews.
NOTE: Coat the connecting rod capscrew threads
and seat face with engine oil (SAE 30).
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value:
Main Bearing
Capscrews
Step 1
2
00900230
NOTE:
39 N•m
[29 ft-lb]
Rotate 90 degrees
The connecting rod capscrews can be
reused five times. Make a punch mark on
the capscrew head each time the capscrew
is used. If there are already five marks on
the capscrew head, the capscrew must be
replaced.
After installing the piston and connecting rod
assemblies, check the crankshaft for smooth rotation.
00900231
Measure the side clearance of the connecting rod cap.
Connecting Rod Cap Side Clearance
mm
in
0.20
MIN
0.0079
0.40
MAX
0.0160
00900192
Diesel Engine
66
Complete Engine
Flywheel Housing
Install the rear seal using oil seal installer, Part No.
ST 972.
Fill 40 to 60 percent of the space in the seal lip with
grease.
00900189
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component.
CAUTION
Do not apply excessive force to the seal lip
surface when aligning and installing the flywheel.
Damage to the engine will occur if the seal is
damaged.
00900188
NOTE:
Apply gasket sealant to the flywheel housing
mounting surface.
Align the flywheel housing with the dowel pins.
Install the flywheel housing and capscrews. Tighten
the capscrews.
Torque Value: 69 N•m [50 ft-lb]
Measure the distance in height between the
lubricating oil pan mounting surface and the flywheel
housing flange.
Maximum Height Difference: 0.15 mm [0.0059 in]
00900235
Diesel Engine
67
Complete Engine
Measure the radial and face runout of the flywheel
housing.
Radial Runout
mm
0.35
in
0.014
MAX
Face Runout
mm
0.30
in
0.012
MAX
00900236
Flywheel
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component.
Install the flywheel, coupling, retaining plate, and six
capscrews. Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value:
Main Bearing
Flywheel
Step 1
Capscrews
2
00900187
108 N•m
191 N•m
[80 ft-lb]
[141 ft-lb]
Measure the radial and face runout of the flywheel.
Radial Runout
mm
0.20
MAX
Face Runout
mm
0.15
MAX
in
0.0079
in
0.0059
00900237
Camshaft Assembly
NOTE:
When installing the camshaft, lightly rotate
the shaft while being careful not to damage
the bushing.
Install the thrust plate, camshaft assembly, and two
capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews through the casting holes in
the camshaft gear.
Torque Value: 19 N•m [14 ft-lb]
00900238
Diesel Engine
68
Complete Engine
Measure the end play (1) of the camshaft.
Camshaft End Play
mm
0.150
0.350
MIN
MAX
in
0.0059
0.0138
00900239
Oil Pump
Install the lubricating oil pump and five capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
00900183
Torque Value: 19 N•m
[14 ft-lb]
Measure the end play of the lubricating oil pump drive
gear.
Lubricating Oil Pump Drive Gear End Play
mm
in
0.020
MIN
0.0008
0.070
MAX
0.0028
00900240
Idler Gear
Align the match marks of the idler gear, crankshaft
gear, and camshaft gear. The match marks are
identified as follows:
• Crankshaft Gear and Idler Gear: A
• Idler Gear and Camshaft Gear: B
• Fuel Pump and Idler Gear: C
• Lower case letters identify oil pump and
accessory drive, which are not timed.
00900241
Diesel Engine
69
Complete Engine
Install the retainer plate and capscrew.
Tighten the capscrew.
Torque Value: 110 N•m [81 ft-lb]
00900184
Measure the end play of the idler gear.
00900243
Match mark alignment:
A
B
Backlash
C
a
b
Crankshaft gear
and idler gear
Camshaft gear
and idler gear
Injection pump
gear and idler
gear
Camshaft gear
and oil pump gear
Camshaft gear
and PTO gear
Clearance Between Bushing and Shaft
End Play of Idler Gear
Diesel Engine
Turbocharged and Naturally Aspirated
0.08 mm to 0.19 mm
[0.0031 in to 0.007 in]
0.08 mm to 0.19 mm
[0.0031 in to 0.007 in] Aspirated
0.07 mm to 0.29 mm
[0.003 in to 0.011 in]
0.15 mm to 0.30 mm
[0.006 in to 0.012 in]
0.03mm to 0.050mm
[0.0012 in 0.0035 in]
0.015 mm to 0.050 mm
[0.0006 in to 0.002 in]
0.03 mm to 0.09 mm
[0.0012 in to 0.0035 in]
70
Replacement
Limit:
0.40 mm
[0.0157 in]
Replacement
Limit:
0.10 mm
[0.0039 in]
Replacement
Limit:
0.20 mm
[0.0079 in]
Complete Engine
Temporarily position the fuel injection pump assembly
and measure the backlash of the gears.
Measure the backlash of all the gears with a dial
indicator.
00900244
Gear Housing Cover
NOTE:
A noise damper is installed on some
engines. The noise damper must be
installed prior to installing the front oil seal.
Install the front oil seal using tool, Part No. 3824498.
Fill 40 to 60 percent of the space in the seal lip with
grease.
00900182
CAUTION
Do not apply excessive force to the seal lip
surface when aligning and installing the gear
housing cover. Damage to the engine will occur if
the seal is damaged.
NOTE:
Apply gasket sealant, Part No. 3823494, to
the gear housing cover mounting surface.
Install the gear housing cover and 17 capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
00900181
Torque Value:
19 N•m
[14 ft-lb]
Measure the distance in height between the cylinder
block and the gear housing cover.
Maximum Height Difference: 0.15 mm [0.0059 in]
00900247
Diesel Engine
71
Complete Engine
Crankshaft Pulley
Align the crankshaft pulley with the crankshaft key.
Install the crankshaft pulley, mounting plate, and
capscrew.
Tighten the capscrew.
Torque Value: 93 N•m [69 ft-lb]
00900180
Lubricating Oil Suction Tube
Install a new o-ring, oil suction tube, and two
capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 19 N•m [14 ft-lb]
00900179
Lubricating Oil Pan
NOTE:
Apply a 1-mm [0.039-in] bead of gasket
sealant, Part No. 3823494, to the mounting
surface of the lubricating oil pan.
Install a new gasket, lubricating oil pan, and 24
capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 32 N•m [24 ft-lb]
If the oil drain plug was removed, install the drain plug.
Torque Value: 51 N•m [38 ft-lb]
00900178
PTO Shaft (if applicable)
Align the gear of the PTO shaft with the surface teeth
of the camshaft gear.
Install the o-ring, flange, and two capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 19 N•m [14 ft-lb]
00900177
Diesel Engine
72
Complete Engine
Fuel Injection Pump
CAUTION
Do not allow dirt or dust to enter the oil and fuel
inlet and outlet ports. Severe engine damage will
occur if contaminants are allowed to enter the
engine.
Install new o-ring, fuel injection pump, and two
mounting nuts on the adapter plate.
Tighten the nuts.
Torque Value: 31 N•m [23 ft-lb]
00900246
Install the fuel injection pump gear, washer, and nut
on the fuel injection pump.
Tighten the nut.
Torque Value: 70 N•m [52 ft-lb]
00900210
NOTE:
Align the fuel injection pump gear match
mark “C” with the idler gear match mark “C”.
Install new o-ring, adapter plate, fuel injection pump
assembly, and mounting capscrews to the gear
housing.
Tighten the mounting capscrews.
Torque Value: 19 N•m [14 ft-lb]
00900211
Install the mounting capscrew on the fuel injection
pump support bracket.
Tighten the capscrew.
Torque Value: 19 N•m [14 ft-lb]
NOTE: The fuel supply tube has a 12-mm and 14mm banjo fitting. The 12-mm banjo fitting
connects to the fuel injection pump. The 14mm banjo fitting connects to the fuel filter
head, which is installed later in the
assembly process.
Install the fuel supply tube to the fuel injection pump.
Torque Value: 20 N•m [15 ft-lb]
00900176
Diesel Engine
73
Complete Engine
Cylinder Head Assembly
NOTE:
Coat the stems of the intake and exhaust
valves and the inside of the valve guides
with engine oil.
Install the valves.
00900174
Install the valve spring and spring seat on the valve
stem.
00900173
Install the valve cotter into the valve stem groove
while compressing the valve spring with spring pusher,
Part No. 3398179.
00900172
After releasing the valve spring, tap the top of the
valve stem with a plastic hammer to make certain the
cotter is completely fitted.
00900252
Diesel Engine
74
Complete Engine
CAUTION
Remove all carbon and dirt from the contact
surfaces of the cylinder block and the cylinder
head. Remove all burrs and damage, and clean
out all the dirt from inside the cylinder block.
Failure to follow these steps will result in severe
engine damage.
Install a new cylinder head gasket with the TOP mark
facing up.
00900253
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component.
NOTE:
Coat the capscrew threads with antifriction
compound, Part No. 3824879.
Install the cylinder head using four head capscrews
as guides.
00900254
Install the capscrews. Tighten the capscrews in the
sequence shown.
Torque Value:
Cylinder Head
Capscrews
NOTE:
00900245
Step 1
2
3
69 N•m
[51 ft-lb]
108 N•m
[80 ft-lb]
Rotate 90 degrees
The cylinder head capscrews can be reused
five times. Make a punch mark on the
capscrew head each time the capscrew is
used. If there are already five marks on the
capscrew head, the capscrew must be
replaced.
Push Rods
NOTE:
If there is no abnormality in the pushrods,
install them in the same position that they
were removed from during disassembly.
00900170
Diesel Engine
75
Complete Engine
00900251
Rocker Arm Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7. Cup Plug
8. Snap Ring
9. Thrust Washer (only used on some engines)
10. Rocker Lever Pedestal
11. Rocker Lever
12. Adjusting Screw.
Rocker Shaft
Adjusting Screw Lock Nut
Pedestal Mounting Capscrews
Separating Spring
Rocker Shaft Indexing Screw
Pedestal Mounting Stud
Rocker Arm Assembly
NOTE:
Check that the ball of the adjustment screw
is fitted properly into the socket of the
pushrod before tightening the capscrews. If
the valve spring tension pushes against the
rocker arm, loosen the locknut, and turn the
adjustment screw back to prevent strain on
the pushrod.
Install the rocker arm assembly and eight capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 25 N•m [18 ft-lb]
00900169
Diesel Engine
76
Complete Engine
Adjusting Valve Clearance
Adjust the valve clearance. Refer to Section 14.
03900077
Rocker Lever Cover
Install the o-ring into the rocker lever cover.
Install the rocker lever cover, three capscrews, and
isolator assemblies.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 9 N•m
[7 ft-lb]
03900075
Injector
Coat the injectors with anti-sieze compound, Part No.
3824879, before installation.
fi9slwb
CAUTION
Be careful not to damage the tip of the injector
when installing.
NOTE:
When installing the injector, clean around
the injector, and do not allow dust or dirt to
enter the engine.
NOTE: If there is no abnormality in the injector,
install it in the same position during
assembly.
Install the injector, washer, and mounting capscrew.
Tighten the capscrew.
Torque Value: 44 N•m [33 ft-lb]
00900167
Diesel Engine
77
Complete Engine
Spill Tube
Install the spill tube.
00900166
Intake Manifold
NOTE:
Apply a 1-mm [0.039-in] bead of gasket
sealant, Part No. 3823494, to the mounting
surface of the intake manifold.
Install the air inlet connection, intake manifold, and
seven capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 40 N•m [30 ft-lb]
00900164
Fuel Injection Tubing
NOTE:
Before installing the fuel injection tubing,
blow compressed air through it to clean it.
Position the fuel injection tubing, and loosely install
the sleeve nuts on the fuel injection pump and the
cylinder head.
Tighten the clamp.
Tighten the banjo fittings
Torque Value: 20 N•m [15 ft-lb]
00900163
Exhaust Manifold
Install a new gasket, the exhaust manifold, and the
eight capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 66 N•m [49 ft-lb]
00900162
Diesel Engine
78
Complete Engine
Thermostat
Install seal, thermostat, thermostat housing, and two
mounting capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 19 N•m [14 ft-lb]
18900025
Water Pump
Install the o-ring, gasket, water pump, and mounting
capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 19 N•m [14 ft-lb]
00900161
Dipstick
NOTE:
Apply Loctite™ sealant, Part No. 3375068,
or equivalent, to the outside of the dipstick
tube.
CAUTION
Excessive sealant can run back into the engine
and cause damage to other components.
00900160
Diesel Engine
Install the dipstick guide.
Install the dipstick.
79
Complete Engine
Lubricating Oil Filter
Install the lubricating oil filter.
NOTE: Some engines will have an oil filter cooler
mounted between the oil filter and the
engine block.
00900155
Block Water Heater
Clean the core plug hole thoroughly. Make sure there
are not burrs or sharp edges that might cut the o-ring.
cs9pxea
Lubricate the new heater o-ring with clean engine oil.
cs9orwa
The locking channel (T-Bar) should be threaded out
to the end of the bolt. If so equipped, do not remove
the retaining wire used to position the channel (T-Bar).
cs900wg
Diesel Engine
80
Complete Engine
Hook the element and one leg of the channel (T-Bar)
into the hole as illustrated.
cs900wh
Hook the other leg of the channel in the hole and
push the heater into the hole as far as possible by
hand.
cs900wi
CAUTION
Do not pull the heater into location with the
locking bolt as the channel (T-Bar) can bend or
cause the threads to strip.
If necessary, use a plastic hammer to tap the heater
in until the shoulder contacts the block.
cs900hb
Tighten the locking bolt.
Torque Value: 2.0 N•m [18 in-lb]
Do not over-tighten the locking bolt.
cs9bona
Diesel Engine
81
Complete Engine
Insert the power cord into the socket being careful to
align the pins with the sockets of the power cord.
Tighten the retaining nut by hand.
Do not apply power until the cooling system is filled,
and run the engine long enough for the thermostats to
open and ensure all the air has escaped.
cs900hc
Alternator
Install the alternator and capscrew.
Install the spacer, mounting capscrew, and
adjustment plate.
Loosely install the washer and adjustment capscrew.
00900159
Fan Pulley
Install the fan pulley.
00900255
Position the fan belt (2) into the fan pulley groove,
and loosely tighten the adjustment capscrew (1).
00900158
Diesel Engine
82
Complete Engine
WARNING
Be careful not to injure your fingers or damage
the alternator when adjusting the belt tension.
Insert a bar or pipe between the alternator and the
cylinder block. Raise the alternator to adjust the fan
tension.
NOTE: The belt must deflect 7 mm to 10 mm [0.28
in to 0.39 in] when pushed with fingerpressure of 6 kg [13 lb] at a point midway
between the fan pulley and the crankshaft
pulley.
Tighten the adjustment capscrew (1).
00900257
Torque Value:
Mounting
Capscrew
Adjustment
Capscrew
31 N•m
[23 ft-lb]
31 N•m
[23 ft-lb]
Fan
Install the spacer, fan, four capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews.
Torque Value: 31 N•m [23 ft-lb]
00900157
Remove the covers on all the engine openings that
were installed to prevent dirt and debris from entering
the engine.
00900209
Diesel Engine
83
Complete Engine
WARNING
This component weighs 23 kg [50 lb] or more. To
avoid personal injury, use a hoist or get
assistance to lift this component. The engine
lifting equipment must be designed to lift the
engine without causing personal injury.
Engine Weight (approx.) 330 kg [660 lb]
Remove the engine from the stand.
00900208
Remove the bracket, Part No. 3163625, from the
engine.
00900207
Install the starting motor.
NOTE: The o-ring is used only on wet flywheel
housings.
00900156
Install all the chassis components that were removed
during removal of the engine from the equipment.
Diesel Engine
84
Complete Engine
Connect the drive units to the flywheel housing and
flywheel.
tr400wa
`
Connect the intake and exhaust system pipes.
oi400ha
Connect the starter cable, engine ground straps, cab
or chassis to engine hoses, tubing, electrical wires,
and hydraulic lines.
WARNING
Always connect the negative (-) cable last.
Connect the battery cables.
sb8coma
WARNING
Some state and federal agencies in the United
States of America have determined that used oil
is carcinogenic and can cause reproductive
toxicity. Avoid inhalation of vapors, ingestion, and
prolonged contact with used engine oil. Always
use the proper procedures to dispose of the oil.
Fill the engine with lubricating oil.
Engine Oil 6.5 liters [1.7 u.s.gal]
07900034
Diesel Engine
85
Complete Engine
WARNING
Coolant is toxic. Keep away from children and
animals. Save for reuse or dispose of in
accordance with local regulations.
Fill the engine with engine coolant.
ra800wn
NOTE:
Remove all tags that were put on all hoses,
lines, linkage, and electrical connections as
they were removed to identify location
during the removal process.
fp8hola
Diesel Engine
86
Complete Engine
Rocker Levers
Adjusting Valve Clearance
Remove the cylinder head cover.
03900075
Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction.
While watching the movement of the intake valve of
No. 4 cylinder, bring the No.1 cylinder into
compression top dead center position
Align the TOP engraved mark on the crankshaft
pulley (1) with pointer (2).
NOTE:
• The engraved mark on the crankshaft pulley will
read “1.4 TOP.”
• The No. 4 intake valve will start to open when the
No. 1 cylinder comes near compression top
dead center.
0390076
Loosen the lock nut (3) on the adjustment screw (4).
Insert the feeler gauge (5) between the valve stem (6)
and the rocker arm (7).
Adjust the clearance with the adjustment screw until
slight drag is felt on the feeler gauge.
Valve Clearance (Engine Hot or Cold)
Intake Valve
Exhaust Valve
0.35 mm
0.50 mm
0.014 in
0.020 in
0390077
Diesel Engine
87
Engine Testing
NOTE:
Adjust intake and exhaust clearances in the
following firing order by rotating the
crankshaft 180 degrees in the normal
direction: 1-2-4-3.
0390078
Adjust the valve clearances for intake valves No. 1
and No. 3.
Adjust the valve clearances for exhaust valves No. 1
and No. 2.
0390079
Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction one
revolution.
Adjust the valve clearances for intake valves No. 2
and No. 4.
Adjust the valve clearances for exhaust valves No. 3
and No. 4.
0390078
Tighten the locknut to secure the adjustment screw.
Locknut Torque Value
N•m
39.2
49
MIN
MAX
ft-lb
28.9
36.1
0390080
Diesel Engine
88
Engine Testing
Complete Engine
Measuring Compression Pressure
WARNING
WARNING
Exhaust manifold and muffler are hot. Do not
touch the exhaust manifold or muffler or personal
injury will occur.
To avoid personal injury, keep hands, long hair,
jewelry, and loose fitting or torn clothing away
from fans and other moving parts.
Adjust the overhead. Refer to Adjusting Valve
Clearance procedure.
0390077
Remove the spill tube.
0390166
Disconnect the fuel injection tubing.
NOTE: Disconnect the fuel shut-off solenoid.
0390163
Diesel Engine
89
Engine Testing
CAUTION
Do not allow dirt or foreign matter to get into the
cylinder. Foreign objects in the cylinder can
cause severe engine damage.
Remove the nozzle holder assembly for each cylinder.
Remove the injector.
0390167
Lubricate the sealing lips of the sleeve with anti-seize
compound. Assemble the injector, sealing sleeve, a
new copper sealing washer, and the hold-down clamp.
Use only one washer.
NOTE: A light coat of clean 15W-40 engine oil
between the washer and injector can help
hold the washer in place during installation.
fi9slwb
Install the adapter to the nozzle holder mounting
section of the cylinder to be measured. Tighten the
adapter.
Adapter Capscrews
N•m
39
49
MIN
MAX
ft-lb
29
36
14900059
Connect the compression gauge to the adapter.
NOTE: Most compression leakage can be
prevented by applying a small amount of oil
to the mounting section of the adapter.
14000060
Diesel Engine
90
Engine Testing
Crank the engine with the starting motor. Read the
gauge when the pointer is stabilized.
Engine Compression
kPa
1965
2944
psi
285
427
MIN
NOM
14000062
Testing and Adjusting the Fan Belt
Tansion
Testing the Fan Belt Tension
Check the amount the fan belt deflects when pushed
with a force of 6 kg [13.2 lb] at a point midway
between the fan pulley and the alternator pulley.
Fan Belt Deflection
mm
7.0
10.0
in
0.28
0.39
MIN
MAX
fa9blsh
Adjusting the Fan Belt Tension
Loosen the mounting capscrew of the alternator (1)
and belt tension adjustment capscrew (2).
14000068
Using a bar, raise the alternator, and adjust the fan
belt tension.
Tighten the adjustment capscrew and the mounting
capscrew.
Torque Value:
Adjustment
Capscrew
Mounting
Capscrew
31 N•m
[23 ft-lb]
66 N•m
[49 ft-lb]
00900257
Diesel Engine
91
Engine Testing
Fuel System
Checking and Adjusting Fuel
Injection Timing
There are two methods for checking and adjusting the
fuel injection timing of an injection pump.
• The “MATCH MARK ALIGNMENT” method,
which is used when the injection pump is
installed on the original engine and the pump is
not being repaired.
• The “MEASURING DEVICE” method, which is
used when a repaired or replaced injection
pump is installed on the engine.
Checking and Adjusting with the Match Mark
Alignment Method
NOTE:
Set the No. 1 cylinder at compression top
dead center (TDC) by aligning the pointer
on the gear cover with the TDC line on the
crankshaft pulley. Confirm that the mark “C”
can be seen on the idler gear. If the mark
“C” can not be seen, rotate the crankshaft
one complete revolution and confirm that
“C” can be seen.
14900070
NOTE:
Align the match mark “C” on the injection
pump gear with the match mark “C” on the
idler gear during installation for correct
alignment. Align the stamped line “a” on the
injection pump with the stamped line “b” on
the timing gear case during installation for
correct alignment.
Install the injection pump.
14900071
Diesel Engine
92
Engine Testing
If the stamp lines are out of alignment, loosen nut (7).
Align the stamp lines by rotating the coupling.
Tighten the nut.
Torque Value: 31 N•m [23 ft-lb]
14900072
Checking and Adjusting with the Measuring
Device Method
NOTE:
Set the No. 1 cylinder at compression top
dead center (TDC) by aligning the pointer
on the gear cover with the TDC line on the
crankshaft pulley.
14900073
Remove the distributor head bolt and copper washer
from the injection pump.
Discard the copper washer.
14900074
Install the dial gauge, Part No. 3377259, into the
distributor head.
NOTE: Check that the stylus end of the dial gauge
contacts the plunger head.
14900075
Diesel Engine
93
Engine Testing
Rotate the crankshaft opposite normal engine rotation
(counterclockwise) slightly, until the dial gauge does
not move any longer.
Set the dial gauge pointer to 0.
14900076
Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction until the
dial gauge reads 1.0 ± 0.3 mm [0.04 ± 0.01 in].
14900077
Look at the pointer on the crankshaft. It should point
to the timing mark in degrees as stamped on the
dataplate. The timing marks on the crank pulley range
from 6 to 14 degrees in two degree increments.
NOTE: Check the values on the data plate. Values
may change as new ratings are developed.
NOTE: The gauge reading ±0.03 mm [0.001 in] is
equivalent to ±0.5 degrees fuel injection
timing.
NOTE: The crankshaft must be rotated in the
normal direction (clockwise looking from
the front of the engine) without stopping.
14900070
If the dial readings are not within the standard value,
loosen nut. Adjust the fuel injection timing to within
standard value by rotating the injection pump body.
Tighten the nut.
Torque Value: 31 N•m [23 ft-lb]
14900078
Diesel Engine
94
Engine Testing
Remove the dial gauge.
Install the distributor head bolt and new copper
washer into the injection pump.
Tighten the bolt.
Torque Value: 17 N•m [13 ft-lb]
14900074
Stamp a match mark on the injection pump and the
timing gear case.
14900080
Adjusting the Idle
Move the governor control lever to the desired idling
speed by using the idling adjustment screw.
14900082
Injector
Testing
WARNING
Keep your body clear of test spray. Fluid can be
injected into the bloodstream causing blood
poisoning and possible death.
NOTE:
All nozzles must be tested for opening
pressure, chatter and spray pattern.
fi900sa
Diesel Engine
95
Engine Testing
Check the opening pressure.
a. Open valve.
b. Operate lever at one stroke per second.
c. Read pressure indicated when spray begins.
fi900de
If the opening pressure is out of specification,
disassemble the injector and change the shims in
order to change the opening pressure.
NOTE: .01 mm [0.0039 in] shim thickness equals
41 bar [595 psi].
fi900oa
Leakage Test
a. Open the valve.
b. Operate the lever to hold pressure 20 bar [290
psi] below opening pressure.
c. No drops should fall from the tip within 10
seconds.
fi900df
Chatter Test
The chatter test indicates the ability of the needle
valve to move freely and correctly atomize the fuel.
An audible sound should be heard as the valve
rapidly opens and closes. A well optimized spray
pattern should be seen.
Used nozzles should not be evaluated for chatter at
lower speeds. A used nozzle can generally be used if
it passes the leakage test.
fi900dd
Diesel Engine
96
Engine Testing
Disassembly
Remove the copper sealing washer and discard.
filsema
Clamp the nozzle holder in a soft jawed vise and
remove the nozzle nut.
fi900fb
Remove the nozzle needle valve and intermediate
plate.
NOTE: To avoid damage, place the injector nozzle
and needle valve in a suitable bath of clean
test oil.
fi900fc
Remove the nozzle holder from the vise; then remove
the pressure spindle, pressure spring, and shims.
fi900fd
Diesel Engine
97
Engine Testing
Assembly
NOTE:
Make sure all mating surfaces and pressure
faces are clean and lubricated with fuel oil
before assembly.
fi900ab
WARNING
Install the same thickness of shims that were
removed in disassembly. Use the pressure spring
to make sure the shims are installed flat.
Install the shims.
fi900ha
Clamp the nozzle holder in a soft jawed vise and
install the spindle.
fi900ce
Install the intermediate plate.
fi900ad
Diesel Engine
98
Engine Testing
Install the needle valve and nozzle assembly.
fi900ce
Install the nozzle nut.
fi900ob
Diesel Engine
99
Engine Testing
Lubricating System
Measuring Oil Pressure
WARNING
When measuring the oil pressure, be careful not
to get caught in rotating parts. always remove or
install plug or oil pressure gauges with the engine
stopped.
Remove the oil pressure sensor, and install the
pressure gauge.
14900086
NOTE:
Measure the oil pressure while the engine is
warm (oil temperature minimum: 82° C
[180° F]).
Start the engine, and measure the oil pressure.
Lubricating Oil Pressure
kPa
210
700
MIN
MAX
ft-lb
30
102
14900087
Diesel Engine
100
Engine Testing
Specifications
Valves, Valve Guides, and Springs
18900014
Ref
Inspection Item
VALVES
Standard
Intake
Nominal:
8 mm
[0.3130 in]
Stem Diameter
3
Exhaust
Tolerance:
-0.050 mm
[-0.0020 in]
-0.065 mm
[-0.0026 in]
Clearance Limit:
0.20 mm
[0.0079 in]
1.40 to 1.60 mm
[0.0551 to 0.0630 in]
Repair Limit:
1.00 mm
[0.039 in]
0.35 mm
[0.0138 in]
0.50 mm
[0.0197 in]
Tolerance:
±0.02 mm
[±0.0008 in]
14.5 mm
[0.571 in]
Tolerance:
±0.2 mm
[±0.0079 in]
Free-Length
49.2 mm
[1.94 in]
Installed Length
40.5 mm
[1.59 in]
Repair Limit:
48.5 mm
[1.90 in]
2
Head Thickness
1
Valve Clearance
(at Cold and Warm)
Intake
Exhaust
Intake
Exhaust
Intake
Exhaust
VALVE GUIDE
Protrusion Above Cylinder Head
Surface
Intake
Exhaust
VALVE SPRING
4
Tolerance:
-0.035 mm
[-0.0014 in]
-0.050 mm
[-0.0020 in]
0.035 to 0.065 mm
[0.0014 to 0.0026 in]
0.050 to 0.080 mm
[0.0020 to 0.0031 in]
Clearance Between Guide and Stem
5
Remarks
18.5 ±0.9 kg
[40.8±2.0 lb]
Installed Load
Squareness
Diesel Engine
—
101
—
Repair Limit:
16.5 kg
[36.4 lb]
Repair Limit:
1.85
Specifications
Rocker Arm Shaft, Push Rod and Tappets
18900016
Ref
Inspection Item
Standard
Remarks
Diameter of Shaft
19 mm
[0.75 in]
Tolerance:
-0.020 mm
[-0.0008 in]
Diameter of Rocker Arm Shaft Hole
Nominal:
19 mm
[0.75 in]
VALVE ROCKER ARM SHAFT
1
0.010 to 0.050 mm
[0.0004 to 0.0020 in]
Clearance Between Rocker Arm and Shaft
Bend of Shaft
—
Tolerance:
0.030 mm
[0.0012 in]
0.010 mm
[0.0004 in]
Clearance Limit:
0.12 mm
[0.0047 in]
Repair Limit:
0.20 mm
[0.0079 in]
PUSH ROD
2
Bend of Push Rod
—
Repair Limit:
0.30 mm
[0.012 in]
0.012 to 0.048 mm
[0.0005 to 0.0020 in]
Clearance Limit:
0.12 mm
[0.0047 in]
TAPPET
3
Clearance Between Tappet and Tappet Hole
Diesel Engine
102
Specifications
Cylinder Head
18900011
Ref
1
2
Inspection Item
Standard
CYLINDER HEAD
Surface Flatness (Warpage Limit)
0.00 to 0.05 mm
[0.00 to 0.002 in]
Intake
1.00 ±0.100 mm
[0.039 ±0.004 in]
Exhaust
0.90 ±0.100 mm
[0.035 ±0.004 in]
Valve Seat
3
Nozzle (Protrusion)
4
Valve Seat
Diesel Engine
3.12 ±0.28 mm
[0.123 ±0.011 in]
Angle
45°
103
Remarks
Repair Limit:
0.30 mm
[0.012 in]
Repair Limit:
2.00 mm
[0.079 in]
Repair Limit:
1.90 mm
[0.075 in]
Tolerance:
2.700 to 3.500 mm
[0.106 to 0.138 in]
Repair Limit: Judge
Tolerance:
condition of contact
±0°15'
surface by vacuum test.
Specifications
Cylinder Block
18900012
Ref
1
2
3
Inspection Item
Standard
CYLINDER BLOCK
Surface Flatness (Warpage Limit)
Inner Diameter of
Main Bearing
0.00 to 0.08 mm
[0.00 to 0.003 in]
STD
70.000 mm
[2.756 in]
U/S 0.25
69.750 mm
[2.746 in]
U/S 0.50
69.500 mm
[2.736 in]
U/S 0.75
69.250 mm
[2.726 in]
U/S 1.00
69.000 mm
[2.717 in]
50.500 mm
[1.988 in]
Inner Diameter of Cam Bushing
Diesel Engine
104
Remarks
Repair Limit:
0.15 mm
[0.006 in]
Repair Limit:
70.200 mm
[2.764 in]
Repair Limit:
69.950 mm
[2.754 in]
Repair Limit:
69.700 mm
[2.744 in]
Repair Limit:
69.450 mm
[2.734 in]
Repair Limit:
69.200 mm
[2.724 in]
Repair Limit:
50.600 mm
[1.992 in]
Specifications
Camshaft and Camshaft Bushing
18900015
Ref
1
2
Inspection Item
Standard
CAMSHAFT
Naturally Aspirated
Naturally Aspirated
—
0.03 mm
[0.0012 in]
Bend of Shaft
Intake
42.69 mm
[1.681 in]
Exhaust
43.04 mm
[1.694 in]
Cam
Height
3
Thrust
Clearance
4
Clearance
to
Cam
Remarks
0.150 to 0.350 mm
[0.0059 to 0.0138 in]
Repair Limit:
42.20 mm
[1.661 in]
Repair Limit:
42.50 mm
[1.673 in]
Repair Limit:
0.50 mm
[0.0197 in]
CAMSHAFT BUSHING
Diesel Engine
No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
0.040 to 0.140 mm
[0.0016 to 0.0055 in]
105
Repair Limit:
0.25 mm
[0.0098 in]
Specifications
Crankshaft
18900019
Ref
Inspection Item
1
Thrust Clearance
STD
U/S 0.25
Main Journal
2
U/S 0.50
U/S 0.75
U/S 1.00
Standard
CRANKSHAFT
0.131 to 0.351 mm
[0.0052 to 0.0138 in]
70.000 mm
[2.756 in]
69.75 mm
[2.746 in]
69.50 mm
[2.736 in]
69.25 mm
[2.726 in]
69.00 mm
[2.717 in]
Roundness
—
Clearance
STD
U/S 0.25
Crank Pin Journal
3
U/S 0.50
U/S 0.75
U/S 1.00
0.043 to 0.103 mm
[0.0017 to 0.0041 in]
57.000 mm
[2.244 in]
56.750 mm
[2.234 in]
56.500 mm
[2.224 in]
56.250 mm
[2.215 in]
56.000 mm
[2.205 in]
Roundness
Clearance of Crank Pin Journal
4
—
0.029 to 0.089 mm
[0.0011 to 0.0035 in]
Bend of Crankshaft
Diesel Engine
—
106
Remarks
Repair Limit: 0.40 mm
[0.016 in]
Repair Limit: 69.86 mm
[2.750 in]
Repair Limit: 69.61 mm
[2.741 in]
Repair Limit: 69.36 mm
[2.731 in]
Repair Limit: 69.11 mm
[2.721 in]
Repair Limit: 68.86 mm
[2.711 in]
Repair Limit: 0.020 mm
[0.0008 in]
Clearance Limit: 0.25 mm
[0.0098 in]
Repair Limit: 56.91 mm
[2.241 in]
Repair Limit: 56.66 mm
[2.231 in]
Repair Limit: 56.41 mm
[2.221 in]
Repair Limit: 56.16 mm
[2.211 in]
Repair Limit: 55.91 mm
[2.201 in]
Repair Limit: 0.020 mm
[0.0008 in]
Clearance Limit: 0.22 mm
[0.0087 in]
Repair Limit: 0.09 mm
[0.0035 in]
Specifications
Timing Gear
18900018
Ref
Inspection Item
Standard
Remarks
TIMING GEAR
Naturally Aspirated and
Turbocharged
1
Bend of Shaft
A
Crankshaft gear
and idler gear
0.08 mm to 0.19 mm
[0.0031 in to 0.007 in]
B
Camshaft gear
and idler gear
0.08 mm to 0.19 mm
[0.0031 in to 0.007 in]
C
Injection pump
gear and idler gear
0.07 mm to 0.29 mm
[0.003 in to 0.011 in]
a
Camshaft gear
and oil pump gear
0.07 mm to 0.29 mm
[0.003 in to 0.011 in]
b
Camshaft gear
and PTO gear
0.15 mm to 0.30 mm
[0.006 in to 0.012 in]
2
Clearance Between Bushing and Shaft
0.015 mm to 0.050 mm
[0.0006 in to 0.002 in]
3
End Play of Idler Gear
0.03 mm to 0.09 mm
[0.0012 in to 0.0035 in]
Diesel Engine
107
Replacement
Limit:
0.40 mm
[0.0157 in]
Replacement
Limit:
0.10 mm
[0.0039 in]
Replacement
Limit:
0.20 mm
[0.0079 in]
Specifications
Flywheel
18900013
Ref
Inspection Item
Standard
FLYWHEEL
1
Face Runout of Flywheel Housing
—
2
Radial Runout of Flywheel Housing
—
3
Face Runout of Flywheel
—
4
Radial Runout of Flywheel
—
Diesel Engine
108
Remarks
Repair Limit:
0.30 mm
[0.012 in]
Repair Limit:
0.35 mm
[0.014 in]
Repair Limit:
0.15 mm
[0.0059 in]
Repair Limit:
0.20 mm
[0.079 in]
Specifications
Cylinder
18900020
Ref
Inspection Item
Bore
1
Standard
CYLINDER
STD
ID:
95.00 mm
[3.740 in]
Tolerance:
0.022 mm
[0.0008 in]
Roundness of Cylinder
—
Cylindricity of Cylinder
—
Diesel Engine
109
Remarks
Repair Limit:
ID:
95.15 mm
[3.746 in]
Repair Limit:
0.02 mm
[0.0008 in]
Specifications
Piston
18900020
Ref
Inspection Item
Standard
Remarks
PISTON
1
Diameter
2
3
STD
Top
Clearance
Between
Piston Ring
Groove and
Piston Ring
4
ID:
95.00 mm
[3.740 in]
0.06 to 0.10 mm
[0.0024 to 0.0039 in]
Second
0.03 to 0.07 mm
[0.0012 to 0.0028 in]
Oil
2.0 mm
[0.079 in]*
2.0 mm
[0.079 in]*
4.0 mm
[0.158 in]*
Repair Limit:
ID:
94.85 mm
[3.734 in]
Repair Limit:
0.15 mm
[0.0059 in]
Repair Limit:
0.20 mm
[0.0079 in]
Repair Limit:
0.15 mm
[0.0059 in]
*Width of Groove (Nominal)
Diesel Engine
110
Specifications
Connecting Rod, Piston Ring and Piston Pin
18900022
Ref
Inspection Item
Standard
PISTON PIN
Nominal OD:
30.00 mm
[1.181 in]
—
0.004 to 0.018 mm
[0.0002 to 0.0007 in]
Clearance Limit:
0.05 mm
[0.002 in]
Outer Diameter
1
Clearance
Remarks
PISTON RING
A
B
Piston Ring Gap
C
Top
0.30 to 0.45 mm
[0.012 to 0.018 in]
Clearance Limit:
2.00 mm
[0.079 in]
Second
0.30 to 0.45 mm
[0.012 to 0.018 in]
Clearance Limit:
2.00 mm
[0.079 in]
Oil
0.25 to 0.45 mm
[0.0098 to 0.018 in]
Clearance Limit:
1.50 mm
[0.059 in]
CONNECTING ROD
2
Bend (B)/Torsion (T)
3
Inner Diameter of Bushing Hole
Maximum:
0.20/0.30 mm
[0.0078/0.0118 in]
Repair Limit:
0.25/0.35 mm
[0.0098/0.0138 in]
33.00 mm
[1.299 in]
Tolerance:
0.025 mm
[0.001 in]
CONNECTING ROD BUSHING
1
Clearance Between Bushing and
Piston Ring (Small End)
0.020 to 0.039 mm
[0.0008 to 0.0015 in]
Nominal OD:
30.00 mm
[1.18 in]
Clearance Limit:
0.100 mm
[0.0039 in]
CONNECTING ROD BEARING
4
Inner Diameter
Diesel Engine
57.00 mm
[2.244 in]
STD
111
Repair Limit:
57.20 mm
[2.252 in]
Specifications
Oil Pump
18900017
Ref
Inspection Item
1
Standard
Axial
0.030 to 0.085 mm
[0.0012 to 0.0033 in]
Radial
0.045 to 0.090 mm
[0.0018 to 0.0035 in]
Clearance of Pump Gear
2
Diesel Engine
112
Remarks
Clearance Limit:
0.10 mm
[0.0039 in]
Clearance Limit:
0.13 mm
[0.0051 in]
Specifications
Regulator Valve
18900023
Ref
Inspection Item
Standard
Standard
Size
1
Clearance
Between
Valve and Body
11 mm
[0.43 in]
Tolerance
2
3
Regulator Valve
Set Pressure
Diesel Engine
Standard
Clearance
Shaft
Hole
-0.050mm
-0.077mm
0.020 mm
-0.020mm
0.030 to
0.097 mm
[0.002 in]
[0.003 in]
[0.0008 in]
[0.0008 in]
[0.001 to
0.004 in]
Standard
Regulator Valve
SprIng
Naturally
Aspirated
Regulator Valve
SprIng
Turbocharged
Remarks
Clearance
Limit
Repair Limit
FreeLength
Installed
Length
Installed
Load
FreeLength
Installed
Load
33.1 mm
[1.30 in]
27.8 mm
[1.09 in]
2.44 kg
[5.38 lb]
—
2.30 kg
[5.07 lb]
30.1 mm
[1.18 in]
27.8 mm
[1.09 in]
2.02 kg
[4.45 lb]
—
1.92 kg
[4.23 lb]
Standard: 5.0 ±0.5 kg/cm
113
Replace
Repair or
Replace
Spring
Specifications
Thermostat
18900024
Ref
1
Inspection Item
Thermostat
Standard
THERMOSTAT
Cracking Temperature:
82° C ±2° C [180° F ±2° F]
Fully Open Temperature:
95° C [203° F]
Fully Open Lift:
Minimum: 8 mm [0.315 in] (when
immersed in a hot water bath at
95° C [203° F] for 4 to 5 minutes)
Diesel Engine
114
Remarks
(Fully Open: Shall open fully
when immersed in hot water
bath at a temperature between
77° C [171° F] and 95° C
[203° F] for 4 to 5 minutes)
Replace
Specifications
Capscrew Markings and Torque Values
CAUTION
When replacing capscrews, always use a capscrew of the same measurement and strength as the
capscrew being replaced. Using the wrong capscrews can result in engine damage.
Metric capscrews and nuts are identified by the grade number stamped on the head of the capscrew or on the
surface of the nuts. U.S. Customary capscrews are identified by radial lines stamped on the head of the capscrew.
The following examples indicate how capscrews are identified:
17800016
17800017
NOTE: :
1. Always use the torque values listed in the following tables when specific torque values are not available.
2. Do not use the torque values in place of those specified in other sections of this manual.
3. The torque values in the table are based on the use of lubricated threads.
4. When the ft-lb value is less than 10, convert the ft-lb value to in-lb to obtain a better torque with an in-lb torque
wrench. Example: 6 ft-lb equals 72 in-lb.
Capscrew Markings and Torque Values - Metric
Body
Size
Diameter
mm
6
7
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Diesel Engine
Torque
Cast Iron
Aluminum
ft-lb
ft-lb
N•m
N•m
9
5
7
4
14
9
11
7
23
17
18
14
45
33
30
25
80
60
55
40
125
90
90
65
195
140
140
100
280
200
180
135
400
290
-
Torque
Cast Iron
ft-lb
N•m
13
10
18
14
33
25
65
50
115
85
180
133
280
200
390
285
550
400
115
Aluminum
ft-lb
N•m
7
4
11
7
18
14
30
25
55
40
90
65
140
100
180
135
-
Torque
Cast Iron
ft-lb
N•m
14
9
23
18
40
49
70
50
125
95
195
145
290
210
400
290
-
Aluminum
ft-lb
N•m
7
4
11
7
18
14
30
25
55
40
90
65
140
100
180
135
-
Specifications
Capscrew Markings and Torque Values - U.S. Customary
Capscrew Body Size
Cast Iron
Aluminum
Cast Iron
Aluminum
N•m
ft-lb
N•m
ft-lb
N•m
ft-lb
N•m
ft-lb
1/4 - 20
- 28
9
12
7
9
8
9
6
7
15
18
11
13
8
9
6
7
5/16 - 18
- 24
20
23
15
17
16
19
12
14
30
33
22
24
16
19
12
14
3/8 - 16
- 24
40
40
30
30
25
35
20
25
55
60
40
45
25
35
20
25
7/16 - 14
- 20
60
65
45
50
45
55
35
40
90
95
65
70
45
55
35
40
1/2 - 13
- 20
95
100
70
75
75
80
55
60
130
150
95
110
75
80
55
60
9/16 - 12
- 18
135
150
100
110
110
115
80
85
190
210
140
155
110
115
80
85
5/8 - 11
- 18
180
210
135
155
150
160
110
120
255
290
190
215
150
160
110
120
3/4 - 10
- 16
325
365
240
270
255
285
190
210
460
515
340
380
255
285
190
210
7/8 - 9
- 14
490
530
360
390
380
420
280
310
745
825
550
610
380
420
280
310
1-8
- 14
720
800
530
590
570
650
420
480
1100
1200
820
890
570
650
420
480
Diesel Engine
116
Specifications
Fraction, Decimal, Millimeter Conversions
Fraction
inch
mm
Fraction
inch
mm
1/64
0.0156
0.397
33/64
0.5156
13.097
1/32
0.0313
0.794
17/32
0.5313
13.494
3/64
0.0469
1.191
35/64
0.5469
13.891
1/16
0.0625
1.588
9/16
0.5625
14.288
5/64
0.0781
1.984
37/64
0.5781
14.684
3/32
0.0938
2.381
19/32
0.5938
15.081
7/64
0.1094
2.778
39/64
0.6094
15.478
1/8
0.1250
3.175
5/8
0.6250
15.875
9/64
0.1406
3.572
41/64
0.6406
16.272
5/32
0.1563
3.969
21/32
0.6563
16.669
11/64
0.1719
4.366
43/64
0.6719
17.066
3/16
0.1875
4.763
11/16
0.6875
17.463
13/64
0.2031
5.159
45/64
0.7031
17.859
7/32
0.2188
5.556
23/32
0.7188
18.256
15/64
0.2344
5.953
47/64
0.7344
18.653
1/4
0.2500
6.350
3/4
0.7500
19.050
17/64
0.2656
6.747
49/64
0.7656
19.447
9/32
0.2813
7.144
25/32
0.7813
19.844
19/64
0.2969
7.541
51/64
0.7969
20.241
5/16
0.3125
7.938
13/16
0.8125
20.638
21/64
0.3281
8.334
53/64
0.8281
21.034
11/32
0.3438
8.731
27/32
0.8438
21.431
23/64
0.3594
9.128
55/64
0.8594
21.828
3/8
0.3750
9.525
7/8
0.8750
22.225
25/64
0.3906
9.922
57/64
0.8906
22.622
13/32
0.4063
10.319
29/32
0.9063
23.019
27/64
0.4219
10.716
59/64
0.9219
23.416
7/16
0.4375
11.113
15/16
0.9375
23.813
29/64
0.4531
11.509
61/64
0.9531
24.209
15/32
0.4688
11.906
31/32
0.9688
24.606
31/64
0.4844
12.303
63/64
0.9844
25.003
1/2
0.5000
12.700
1
1.0000
25.400
Conversion Factor: 1 inch = 25.4 mm
Diesel Engine
117
Specifications
Newton-Meter to Foot-Pound Conversion Chart
N•m
1
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
12
14
15
16
18
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
NOTE:
ft-lb
N•m
ft-lb
N•m
ft-lb
8.850756 in-lb
55
41
155
114
44 in-lb
60
44
160
118
53 in-lb
65
48
165
122
62 in-lb
70
52
170
125
71 in-lb
75
55
175
129
80 in-lb
80
59
180
133
89 in-lb
85
63
185
136
0.737562 ft-lb
90
66
190
140
9
95
70
195
144
10
100
74
200
148
11
105
77
205
151
12
110
81
210
155
13
115
85
215
159
15
120
89
220
162
18
125
92
225
165
22
130
96
230
170
26
135
100
235
173
30
140
103
240
177
33
145
107
245
180
37
150
111
250
184
To convert from Newton-Meters to Kilogram-Meters divide Newton-Meters by 9.803.
Pipe Plug Torque Values
Size
Thread
in
1/16
1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1-1/4
1-1/2
Diesel Engine
Actual Thread O.D.
in
0.32
0.41
0.54
0.68
0.85
1.05
1.32
1.66
1.90
Torque
Torque
In Aluminum Components
N•m
ft-lb
5
45 in-lb
15
10
20
15
25
20
35
25
45
35
60
45
75
55
85
65
In Cast Iron or
Steel Components
N•m
ft-lb
15
10
20
15
25
20
35
25
55
40
75
55
95
70
115
85
135
100
118
Specifications
Tap-Drill Chart - U.S. Customary and Metric
NOTE ON SELECTING TAP-DRILL SIZE: The tap drill size shown on this card give the theoretical tap drill size for
approximately 60% and 75% of full thread depth. Generally, it is recommended that drill sizes be selected in the
60% range as these sizes will provide about 90% of the potential holding power. Drill sizes in the 75% range are
recommended for shallow hole tapping (less than 1 1/2 times the hole diameter) in soft metals and mild steel.
17800013
Diesel Engine
119
Specifications
Weight and Measures - Conversion Factors
Quantity
Area
.
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Performance
Force
Length
Power
Pressure
Temperature
Torque
Velocity
Volume:
liquid
displacement
U.S. Customary
Unit Name
sq. inch
Abbreviation
in2
sq. foot
pounds per
horsepower hour
ft2
miles per gallon
mpg
gallons per mile
gpm
pounds force
inch
foot
horsepower
pounds force per
sq. inch
inches of mercury
inches of water
inches of mercury
in Hg
inches of water
in H2 O
bars
bars
bars
bars
fahrenheit
pound force per
foot
pound force per
inch
miles/hour
gallon (U.S.)
gallon (Imp*)
cubic inch
From U.S.
Customary
To Metric
Multiply By
From Metric
To U.S.
Customary
Multiply By
645.16
6.452
0.0929
0.001550
0.155
10.764
608.277
0.001645
km/l
0.4251
2.352
Metric
l/km
2.352
0.4251
lbf
in
ft
hp
Unit Name
sq. millimeters
sq. centimeters
sq. meter
grams per
kilowatt hour
kilometers per
liter
liters per
kilometer
Newton
millimeters
millimeters
kilowatt
N
mm
mm
kW
4.4482
25.40
304.801
0.746
0.224809
0.039370
0.00328
1.341
psi
kilopascal
kPa
6.8948
0.145037
in Hg
in H2 O
kPa
kPa
mm
Hg
mm H2
O
kPa
mm
Hg
°C
3.3769
0.2488
0.29613
4.019299
25.40
0.039370
25.40
0.039370
100.001
0.00999
750.06
0.001333
°F
kilopascal
kilopascal
millimeters of
mercury
Millimeters of
water
kilopascals
millimeters of
mercury
centigrade
(°F-32) 1.8
(1.8x°C) +32
ft-lb
Newton-meter
N•m
1.35582
0.737562
in-lb
Newton-meter
N•m
0.113
8.850756
mph
gal.
gal.
in3
kilometers/hour
liter
liter
liter
cubic
centimeter
kph
l
l
l
1.6093
3.7853
4.546
0.01639
0.6214
0.264179
0.219976
61.02545
cm3
16.387
0.06102
lb/hp-hr
Abbr.
mm2
cm2
m2
g/kWhr
cubic inch
in3
Weight
(mass)
pounds (avoir.)
lb
kilograms
kg
0.4536
2.204623
BTU
joules
J
1054.5
0.000948
Work
British Thermal
Unit
British Thermal
Unit
horsepower
hours
BTU
kilowatt-hour
kW-hr
0.000293
3414
hp-hr
kilowatt-hour
kW-hr
0.746
1.341
Diesel Engine
120
Specifications
SPECIAL TOOLS
Style
Diesel Engine
Tool No.
Tool name
ST 434
Vacuum Gauge
ST 537
Dial Depth Gauge
ST 1111-3
Seal Leakage Tester
ST 1273
Pressure Gauge
3162745
Injector/Connector Removal tool
121
Special Tools
Style
Diesel Engine
Tool No.
Tool name
3163054
Camshaft Gear R&I Tool
3163292
Valve spring compressor
3375072
Dial Bore Gauge Kit
3375432
Crack Detection Kit
3376579
Tube(Filter) Cutter
122
Special Tools
Style
Diesel Engine
Tool No.
Tool name
3376946
Injector nozzle tester
3377161
Digital multimeter
3377259
Fuel Pump Timing tool
3377462
Digital optical tachometer
3397773
Piston Ring Compressor
123
Special Tools
Style
Diesel Engine
Tool No.
Tool name
3822476
Blow By tool, use with ST111-3
3822666
Digital Thermometer (Dual Input)
3823137
Pistion ring expander
3164438
Depth Gauge Assembly
3823956
Fuel Pump Mounting Kit
124
Special Tools
Style
Diesel Engine
Tool No.
Tool name
3824078
Oil Seal/Sleeve Installation Tool (rear)
3824498
Oil Seal Installation Tool
3824500
Wear Sleeve Installation Tool
3824591
Engine Barring Tool
3375193
Engine Rebuild Stand
125
Special Tools
Style
Diesel Engine
Tool No.
Tool name
3375194
Engine Rebuild Stand (Portable)
3163625
Bracket
3397890
Flange Puller
126
Special Tools