User`s guide | Dell 1600SC Personal Computer User Manual

Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Introduction
Indicators, Codes, and Messages
Finding Software Solutions
Running the System Diagnostics
Troubleshooting Your System
Installing System Options
Installing Drives
Getting Help
Jumpers, Switches, and Connectors
I/O Ports and Connectors
Abbreviations and Acronyms
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2003 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, PowerEdge, Dell OpenManage, DellNet, Dell Precision, Dimension, Inspiron, OptiPlex, and Latitude are trademarks of Dell Inc.; Intel is a
registered trademark of Intel Corporation; MS-DOS is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any
proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
Initial release: 22 Sep 2003
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Jumpers, Switches, and Connectors
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Jumpers—A General Explanation
System Board Jumpers
System Board Connectors
Disabling a Forgotten Password
This section provides specific information about the system jumpers. It also provides some basic information on jumpers and switches and describes the
connectors on the various boards in the system.
Jumpers—A General Explanation
Jumpers provide a convenient and reversible way of reconfiguring the circuitry on a printed circuit board. When reconfiguring the system, you may need to
change jumper settings on circuit boards or drives.
Jumpers
Jumpers are small blocks on a circuit board with two or more pins emerging from them. Plastic plugs containing a wire fit down over the pins. The wire connects
the pins and creates a circuit. To change a jumper setting, pull the plug off its pin(s) and carefully fit it down onto the pin(s) indicated. Figure A-1 shows an
example of a jumper.
Figure A-1. Example Jumpers
CAUTION: Ensure that the system is turned off before you change a jumper setting. Otherwise, damage to the system or unpredictable results
may occur.
A jumper is referred to as open or unjumpered when the plug is pushed down over only one pin or if there is no plug at all. When the plug is pushed down
over two pins, the jumper is referred to as jumpered. The jumper setting is often shown in text as two numbers, such as 1–2. The number 1 is printed on the
circuit board so that you can identify each pin number based on the location of pin 1.
Figure A-2 shows the location and default settings of the system jumper blocks. See Table A-1 for the designations, default settings, and functions of the
system's jumpers.
System Board Jumpers
Figure A-2 shows the location of the configuration jumpers on the system board. Table A-1 lists the jumpers settings.
Figure A-2. System Board Jumpers
Table A-1. System Board Jumper Settings Jumper
Setting
J11 pins 1 and 2
(default)
jumpered The password feature is enabled.
The password feature is disabled.
J11 pins 3 and 4
(default)
Description
The configuration settings in NVRAM are retained at system boot.
The configuration settings in NVRAM are cleared at next system boot (see "Resetting Corrupted BIOS Configuration" in
"Troubleshooting Your System").
unjumpered
System Board Connectors
See Figure A-3 and Table A-2 for the location and description of system board connectors. Figure A-3 also indicates expansion slots and bus operating speeds.
Figure A-3. System Board Connectors
Table A-2. System Board Connectors
Connector
Description
BATTERY
System battery
CHASSIS INTRUSION
Chassis intrusion switch
COM1/LPT/VGA
Serial, parallel, and video
CPUn
Microprocessors (2)
CPUn FAN
Microprocessor fan power (2)
DIMMx
Memory modules (4)
DRACIII/XT
Systems management
FDD
Diskette drive
FRONT PANEL
Front-panel switches and indicators
FRONT SYS FAN
Front system fan power
KB/MS
PS/2 keyboard and mouse
LAN
NIC
PRIMARY IDE
Primary IDE
PWR CONN
System board power
SCSI CONN
SCSI controller
SCSIB CONN
SCSI backplane
SECONDARY IDE
Secondary IDE
SLOTn
Expansion slots:
l
l
l
1–2: 64-bit/66-MHz PCI
3–4: 64-bit/100-MHz PCIX
5–6: 32-bit/33-MHz PCI
REAR SYS FAN
Back system fan power
USB
USB (2)
12V
System board power
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see "Abbreviations and Acronyms."
Disabling a Forgotten Password
The system's software security features include a system password and a setup password, which are discussed in detail in "Using the System Setup Program"
in your User's Guide. The password jumper enables these password features or disables them and clears any password(s) currently in use.
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Remove the password jumper plug.
See Figure A-2 to locate the password jumper on the system board.
5.
Stand the system upright.
6.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
7.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
The existing passwords are not disabled (erased) until the system boots with the password jumper plug removed. However, before you assign a new
system and/or setup password, you must install the jumper plug.
NOTE: If you assign a new system and/or setup password with the jumper plug still removed, the system disables the new password(s) the next
time it boots.
8.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
9.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
10.
Lay the system on its right side.
11.
Install the password jumper plug.
See Figure A-2 to locate the password jumper on the system board.
12.
Stand the system upright.
13.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
14.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
15.
Assign a new system and/or setup password.
To assign a new password using the System Setup program, see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide.
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I/O Ports and Connectors
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
I/O Connectors
Serial Connector
Parallel Connector
PS/2-Compatible Keyboard and Mouse Connectors
Video Connector
USB Connector
Integrated NIC Connector
Network Cable Requirements
I/O Connectors
I/O connectors are the gateways that the system uses to communicate with external devices, such as a keyboard, mouse, printer, or monitor. This section
describes the various connectors on your system. If you reconfigure the hardware connected to the system, you may also need the pin number and signal
information for these connectors. Figure B-1 illustrates the connectors on the system.
Figure B-1. I/O Connectors
Table B-1 shows the icons used to label the connectors on the system.
Table B-1. I/O Connector Icons
Icon Connector
Serial connector
Parallel connector
Mouse connector
Keyboard connector
Video connector
USB connector
NIC connector
Serial Connector
Serial connectors support devices such as external modems, printers, and mice that require serial data transmission. The serial connector uses a 9-pin Dsubminiature connector.
Serial Connector Autoconfiguration
The default designation of the integrated serial connector is COM1. When you add an expansion card containing a serial connector that has the same
designation as the integrated connector, the system's autoconfiguration feature remaps (reassigns) the integrated serial connector to the next available
designation. Both the new and the remapped COM connectors share the same IRQ setting. COM1 and COM3 share IRQ4, while COM2 and COM4 share IRQ3.
NOTE: If two COM connectors share an IRQ setting, you may not be able to use them both at the same time. In addition, if you install one or more
expansion cards with serial connectors designated as COM1 and COM3, the integrated serial connector is disabled.
Before adding a card that remaps the COM connectors, check the documentation that came with the software to make sure that the software can
accommodate the new COM connector designation.
Figure B-2 illustrates the pin numbers for the serial connector and Table B-2 defines the pin assignments for the connector.
Figure B-2. Serial Connector Pin Numbers
Table B-2. Serial Connector Pin Assignments
Pin
Signal I/O Definition
1
DCD
I
Data carrier detect
2
SIN
I
Serial input
3
SOUT
O
Serial output
4
DTR
O
Data terminal ready
5
GND
N/A Signal ground
6
DSR
I
Data set ready
7
RTS
O
Request to send
8
CTS
I
Clear to send
9
RI
I
Ring indicator
Shell N/A
N/A Chassis ground
Parallel Connector
The integrated parallel connector, intended primarily for use by printers that require data in parallel format, uses a 25-pin D-subminiature connector on the
system's back panel. The default designation of the system's parallel connector is LPT1. If you add an expansion card containing a parallel connector
configured as LPT1 (IRQ7, I/O address 378h), use the System Setup program to remap the integrated parallel connector. See "Using the System Setup
Program" in the User's Guide. Figure B-3 illustrates the pin numbers for the parallel connector and Table B-3 defines the pin assignments for the connector.
Figure B-3. Parallel Connector Pin Numbers
Table B-3. Parallel Connector Pin Assignments
Pin
Signal
I/O Definition
1
STB#
I/O Strobe
2
PD0
I/O Printer data bit 0
3
PD1
I/O Printer data bit 1
4
PD2
I/O Printer data bit 2
5
PD3
I/O Printer data bit 3
6
PD4
I/O Printer data bit 4
7
PD5
I/O Printer data bit 5
8
PD6
I/O Printer data bit 6
9
PD7
I/O Printer data bit 7
10
ACK#
I
Acknowledge
11
BUSY
I
Busy
12
PE
I
Paper end
13
SLCT
I
Select
14
AFD#
O
Automatic feed
15
ERR#
I
Error
16
INIT#
O
Initialize printer
17
SLIN# O
18–25 GND
Select in
N/A Ground
PS/2-Compatible Keyboard and Mouse Connectors
The PS/2-compatible keyboard and mouse cables attach to 6-pin, miniature DIN connectors. Figure B-4 illustrates the pin numbers for these connectors and
Table B-4 defines the pin assignments for these connectors.
Figure B-4. Keyboard and Mouse Connector Pin Numbers
Table B-4. Keyboard and Mouse Connector Pin Assignments
Pin
Signal
1
KBDATA or MFDATA I/O
2
NC
N/A No connection
3
GND
N/A Signal ground
4
FVcc
N/A Fused supply voltage
5
KBCLK or MFCLK
I/O
6
NC
N/A No connection
Shell N/A
I/O Definition
Keyboard data or mouse data
Keyboard clock or mouse clock
N/A Chassis ground
Video Connector
You can attach a VGA-compatible monitor to the system's integrated video controller using a 15-pin high-density D-subminiature connector. Figure B-5
illustrates the pin numbers for the video connector and Table B-5 defines the pin assignments for the connector.
NOTE: Installing a video card automatically disables the system's integrated video controller.
Figure B-5. Video Connector Pin Numbers
Table B-5. Video Connector Pin Assignments
Pin
Signal
I/O Definition
1
RED
O
Red video
2
GREEN
O
Green video
3
BLUE
O
Blue video
4
NC
N/A No connection
5–8, 10 GND
N/A Signal ground
9
VCC
N/A Vcc
11
NC
N/A No connection
12
DDC data out O
Monitor detect data
13
HSYNC
O
Horizontal synchronization
14
VSYNC
O
Vertical synchronization
15
NC
N/A No connection
USB Connector
The system's USB connector supports USB-compliant peripherals such as keyboards, mice, and printers and may also support USB-compliant devices such as
diskette drives and CD drives. Figure B-6 illustrates the pin numbers for the USB connector and Table B-6 defines the pin assignments for the connector.
NOTICE: Do not attach a USB device or a combination of USB devices that draw a maximum current of more than 500 mA per channel or +5 V. Attaching
devices that exceed this threshold may cause the USB connectors to shut down. See the documentation that accompanied the USB devices for their
maximum current ratings.
Figure B-6. USB Connector Pin Numbers
Table B-6. USB Connector Pin Assignments
Pin Signal
I/O Definition
1
Vcc
N/A Supply voltage
2
DATA
I
3
+DATA O
4
GND
Data in
Data out
N/A Signal ground
Integrated NIC Connector
The system's integrated NIC functions as a separate network expansion card while providing fast communication between servers and workstations. Figure B7 illustrates the pin numbers for the NIC connector and Table B-7 defines the pin assignments for the connector.
Figure B-7. NIC Connector
Table B-7. NIC Connector Pin Assignments
Pin Signal I/O Definition
1
TD+
O
Data out (+)
2
TD–
O
Data out (–)
3
RD+
I
Data in (+)
4
NC
N/A No connection
5
NC
N/A No connection
6
RD–
I
7
NC
N/A No connection
8
NC
N/A No connection
Data in (–)
Network Cable Requirements
The NIC supports a UTP Ethernet cable equipped with a standard RJ45-compatible plug. Observe the following cabling restrictions.
NOTICE: To avoid line interference, voice and data lines must be in separate sheaths.
l
Use Category 5 or greater wiring and connectors.
l
Do not exceed a cable run length (from a workstation to a hub) of 100 m (328 ft).
For detailed guidelines on operation of a network, see "Systems Considerations of Multi-Segment Networks" in the IEEE 802.3 standard.
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Abbreviations and Acronyms
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
A
ampere(s)
AC
alternating current
ADC
analog-to-digital converter
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
APIC
Advanced Peripheral Interrupt Controller
ASIC
application-specific integrated circuit
BIOS
basic input/output system
BMC
baseboard management controller
bpi
bits per inch
bps
bits per second
BTU
British thermal unit
C
Celsius
CD
compact disc
CGA
color graphics adapter
cm
centimeter(s)
CMOS
complementary metal oxide semiconductor
COM
communications
cpi
characters per inch
cpl
characters per line
CPU
central processing unit
DAC
digital-to-analog converter
DAT
digital audio tape
dB
decibel(s)
dBA
adjusted decibel(s)
DC
direct current
DDR
double-data rate
DIMM
dual in-line memory module
DIN
Deutsche Industrie Norm
DIP
dual in-line package
DMA
direct memory access
DOC
Department of Communications (in Canada)
dpi
dots per inch
DRAC III
remote access card
DRAM
dynamic random-access memory
DS/DD
double-sided double-density
DS/HD
double-sided high-density
ECC
error checking and correction
EDO
extended-data out
EGA
enhanced graphics adapter
EIDE
enhanced integrated drive electronics
EMI
electromagnetic interference
EMM
expanded memory manager
EMS
Expanded Memory Specification
EPP
Enhanced Parallel Port
EPROM
erasable programmable read-only memory
ERA
embedded remote access
ESD
electrostatic discharge
ESDI
enhanced small-device interface
ESM
embedded server management
F
Fahrenheit
FAT
file allocation table
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
ft
feet
g
gram(s)
G
gravities
GB
gigabyte(s)
GUI
graphical user interface
Hz
hertz
I/O
input/output
ID
identification
IDE
integrated drive electronics
IRQ
interrupt request
K
kilo- (1024)
KB
kilobyte(s)
KB/sec
kilobyte(s) per second
Kb
kilobit(s)
Kbps
kilobit(s) per second
kg
kilogram(s)
kHz
kilohertz
LAN
local area network
lb
pound(s)
LCD
liquid crystal display
LED
light-emitting diode
LIF
low insertion force
LN
load number
lpi
lines per inch
LVD
low voltage differential
m
meter(s)
mA
milliampere(s)
mAh
milliampere-hour(s)
MB
megabyte(s)
Mb
megabit(s)
Mbps
megabit(s) per second
MBR
master boot record
MDA
monochrome display adapter
MGA
monochrome graphics adapter
MHz
megahertz
mm
millimeter(s)
ms
millisecond(s)
MTBF
mean time between failures
mV
millivolt(s)
NIC
network interface controller
NiCad
nickel cadmium
NiMH
nickel-metal hydride
NMI
nonmaskable interrupt
ns
nanosecond(s)
NTFS
NT File System
NVRAM
nonvolatile random-access memory
OTP
one-time programmable
PAL
programmable array logic
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDB
power distribution board
PDU
power distribution unit
PGA
pin grid array
PIC
personal identification code
POST
power-on self-test
ppm
pages per minute
PQFP
plastic quad flat pack
PSDB
power-supply distribution board
PS/2
Personal System/2
PXE
preboot execution environment
RAID
redundant arrays of independent disks
RAC
remote access controller
RAM
random-access memory
RCU
Resource Configuration Utility
REN
ringer equivalence number
RFI
radio frequency interference
RGB
red/green/blue
ROM
read-only memory
rpm
revolutions per minute
RTC
real-time clock
SBE
single bit ECC
SCSI
small computer system interface
sec
second(s)
SEC
single-edge contact
SEL
system event log
SDRAM
synchronous dynamic random-access memory
SIMM
single in-line memory module
SMB
server management bus
SMI
system management interrupt
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SRAM
static random-access memory
SVGA
super video graphics array
TFT
thin film transistor
tpi
tracks per inch
UMB
upper memory block
UPS
uninterruptible power supply
USB
universal serial bus
V
volt(s)
VAC
volt(s) alternating current
VDC
volt(s) direct current
VGA
video graphics array
VLSI
very-large-scale integration
VRAM
video random-access memory
VRM
voltage regulator module
W
watt(s)
WH
watt-hour(s)
XMM
extended memory manager
XMS
eXtended Memory Specification
ZIF
zero insertion force
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Introduction
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Other Documents You May Need
Obtaining Technical Assistance
Your system includes the following significant service and upgrade features:
l
Embedded server management hardware, which monitors temperatures and voltages throughout the system and notifies you if there is a fault or
failure
l
System diagnostics, which checks for hardware problems (if the system can boot)
The following system options are offered:
l
Microprocessors
l
System memory
l
Expansion-card options, including RAID controller cards
l
IDE and SCSI hard drives
l
SCSI backplane board for hot-plug SCSI drive support
l
IDE and SCSI tape drives
l
Redundant, hot-plug power supplies
Other Documents You May Need
The System Information Guide provides important safety and regulatory information. Warranty information may be included within this document or as a
separate document.
l
The Setting Up Your System document provides an overview of initially setting up your system.
l
The User's Guide provides information about system features and technical specifications.
l
Systems management software documentation describes the features, requirements, installation, and basic operation of the software.
l
Operating system documentation describes how to install (if necessary), configure, and use the operating system software.
l
Other documentation included on the CDs that came with your system describing the use of advanced system features.
l
Updates are sometimes included with the system to describe changes to the system, software, and/or documentation.
NOTE: Always read the updates first because they often supersede information in other documents.
l
Release notes or readme files may be included to provide last-minute updates to the system or documentation, or advanced technical reference
material intended for experienced users or technicians.
Obtaining Technical Assistance
If at any time you do not understand a procedure described in this guide or if your system does not perform as expected, a number of tools are provided to
help you. For more information on these help tools, see "Getting Help."
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Indicators, Codes, and Messages
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Front-Panel Features
Back-Panel Features
Power Indicator Codes
Hard-Drive Indicator Codes
NIC Indicator Codes
System Messages
System Beep Codes
Warning Messages
Diagnostics Messages
Alert Messages
Applications, operating systems, and the system itself are capable of identifying problems and alerting you to them. When a problem occurs, a message may
appear on the monitor or a beep code may sound.
A variety of messages can indicate when the system is not operating properly:
l
System messages
l
System beep codes
l
Warning messages
l
Diagnostics messages
l
Alert messages
The system indicators and front- and back-panel features are illustrated in this section. This section also describes each type of message and lists the possible
causes and actions you can take to resolve any problems indicated by a message.
Front-Panel Features
Figure 2-1, Figure 2-2, and Figure 2-3 show the system's front-panel features. Table 2-1 describes the front-panel controls and indicators.
Figure 2-1. System With Non-Hot-Plug Hard Drives
Figure 2-2. System With Hot-Plug SCSI Hard Drives
Figure 2-3. Front-Panel Controls and Indicators
Table 2-1. Front-Panel Controls and Indicators Component
Description
Power button
Turns system power off and on.
l
l
If you turn off the system using the power button and the system is running an ACPI-compliant operating system, the system
can perform an orderly shutdown before power is turned off. If the power button is pressed for more than four seconds, the
system power will turn off regardless of the current operating system state.
If the system is not running an ACPI-compliant operating system, power is turned off immediately after the power button is
pressed.
The power button is enabled in the System Setup program. When disabled, the button can only turn the system power on. For more
information, see your User's Guide and the operating system's documentation.
Reset button
Restarts the system.
Power indicator
Provides information on power status (see "Power Indicator Codes").
Hard-drive activity
indicator
Indicates read or write access to a hard drive.
Diskette and CD
drive indicators
Indicate read or write access to the respective drive.
Back-Panel Features
Figure 2-4 shows the back-panel features of the system. Table 2-2 describes the back-panel features.
Figure 2-4. Back-Panel Features
Table 2-2. Back-Panel Features Component
Description
Power connector
Connects the system's power supply to a power source.
Power cable strain relief loop Relieves strain on the power cable.
NIC indicators
Provide information on NIC status (see "NIC Indicator Codes").
Expansion slots
Provide two 64-bit/100-MHz slots, two 64-bit/66-MHz slots, and two 32-bit/33-MHz slots.
I/O ports and connectors
Connect peripheral devices to the system.
Power Indicator Codes
The power button on the front panel controls the power input to the system's power supplies. The power indicator can provide information on power status
(see Figure 2-3). Table 2-3 lists the power button indicator codes.
Table 2-3. Power Button Indicators
Indicator Function
On
Indicates that power is supplied to the system and the system is operational.
Off
Indicates that no power is supplied to the system.
Blinking
Indicates that power is supplied to the system, but the system is in a standby state. For information on standby states, see your operating
system documentation.
The indicators on the optional redundant power supplies show whether power is present or whether a power fault has occurred (see Figure 2-5).
Figure 2-5. Redundant Power Supply Indicators
Table 2-4. Redundant Power Supply Indicators Indicator
Function
Power supply status Green indicates that the power supply is operational.
Power supply fault
Amber indicates a problem with the power supply.
AC line status
Green indicates that a valid AC source is connected to the power supply.
Hard-Drive Indicator Codes
Each hard-drive carrier has two indicators: a busy indicator and a status indicator (see Figure 2-6). The indicators provide information on the status of the
respective hard drive.
Figure 2-6. Hard-Drive Indicators
Table 2-5 lists the drive status indicator codes. Different codes display as drive events occur in the system. For example, in the event of a hard-drive failure,
the "drive fail" code appears. After the drive is selected for removal, the "preparing for removal" code appears. After the replacement drive is installed, the
"preparing for operation, drive online" code appears.
The drive-busy indicator signifies whether the hard drive is active on the SCSI bus. This indicator is controlled by the hard drive.
Table 2-5. Hard-Drive Status Indicator Codes Drive-Status Indicator
Indicator Code
Drive bay empty
Off
Drive being prepared for operation, drive online
Steady green
Drive being identified, prepared for removal, or drive offline Blinks green three times per second at equal intervals
Drive rebuilding
Blinks green once per second
Drive failed
Steady amber
NIC Indicator Codes
The NIC on the back panel has an indicator that provides information on network activity and link status (see Figure 2-7). Table 2-6 lists the NIC indicator
codes.
Figure 2-7. NIC Indicators
Table 2-6. NIC Indicator Codes Indicator
Indicator Code
Link and activity indicators are off. The NIC is not connected to the network.
Link indicator is green.
The NIC is connected to a valid link partner on the network.
Activity indicator is amber blinking. Network data is being sent or received.
System Messages
System messages alert you to a possible operating system problem or to a conflict between the software and hardware. Table 2-7 lists the system error
messages that can occur and the probable cause for each message.
NOTE: If you receive a system message that is not listed in Table 2-7, see the documentation for the application that is running when the message
appears and/or the operating system documentation for an explanation of the message and recommended action.
Table 2-7. System Messages Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Faulty CD drive, diskette drive, or hard-drive; faulty
system board.
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive," "Troubleshooting a CD
Drive," and "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Specified fan is missing, faulty, or improperly
installed.
See "Troubleshooting System Cooling" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
The chassis has been opened.
Information only.
Specified fan failed before last system startup (see
Figure 5-5 to identify the fans).
Information only.
Power supply failed before last system startup.
Information only.
Microprocessor fan is missing, faulty, or improperly
installed.
See "Troubleshooting System Cooling" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Faulty memory module(s).
Ensure that all memory modules are properly installed. If the
problem persists, see "Troubleshooting System Memory" in
"Troubleshooting Your System."
Address mark not found
Alert! Back system fan was
not detected.
Alert! CPU n fan was not
detected.
Alert! Front system fan was
not detected.
Alert! Cover was previously
removed!
Alert! Previous back system
fan failure.
Alert! Previous CPU n fan
failure.
Alert! Previous front system
fan failure.
Alert! Previous voltage
failure.
Alert! Processor thermal
probe failure detected.
Alert! Unsupported memory or
incomplete sets in the
following bank(s): Bank n
OS Install Mode is enabled in the System Setup
program.
Disable OS Install Mode in the System Setup program (see "Using
the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
Diskette-drive or hard-drive controller cannot send
data to the associated drive; faulty or improperly
installed diskette drive or hard drive.
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive" and "Troubleshooting
Hard Drives" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
Loose or improperly connected mouse or keyboard
cable; faulty mouse or keyboard.
See "Troubleshooting the Mouse" and "Troubleshooting the
Keyboard" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
Faulty CD/diskette-drive subsystem or hard-drive
subsystem; faulty system board.
See "Getting Help."
Remote BIOS firmware update attempt failed.
Retry the BIOS firmware update (see "Getting Help.").
NVRAM-clear jumper is installed.
Remove the NVRAM-clear jumper (see Figure A-2 for jumper
location). Check the System Setup configuration settings (see
"Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
Faulty diskette, diskette drive, CD drive, tape drive,
or hard drive.
Replace the diskette. If the problem persists, see "Troubleshooting
the Diskette Drive," "Troubleshooting a CD Drive," "Troubleshooting
a Tape Drive," and "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in
"Troubleshooting Your System."
Faulty or improperly installed memory modules.
See "Troubleshooting System Memory" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Incorrect configuration settings in the System Setup
program.
Run the System Setup program to correct the settings (see "Using
the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
Diskette drive seek failure
Faulty or improperly installed diskette drive.
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Faulty or improperly inserted diskette.
Replace the diskette.
Faulty or improperly installed diskette drive.
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Diskette write-protect feature activated.
Move the write-protect tab on the diskette to the disabled position.
Diskette missing or improperly inserted in diskette
drive.
Reinsert or replace the diskette.
Faulty keyboard controller; faulty system board.
See "Getting Help."
Operating system corrupted or improperly installed.
Reinstall the operating system.
Incorrect configuration settings in System Setup
program; improperly installed hard drive; loose
interface or power cable; faulty hard-drive controller
subsystem.
Run the System Setup program to correct the drive type setting
(see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide). If the
problem persists, see "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in
"Troubleshooting Your System."
Memory module installation guidelines have not
been properly followed.
See "Memory Module Installation Guidelines" in "Installing System
Options."
Faulty keyboard controller; faulty system board.
See "Getting Help."
Loose or improperly connected keyboard cable;
faulty keyboard; faulty keyboard controller.
See "Troubleshooting the Keyboard" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Amount of available memory
limited to 256 MB!
Attachment failed to respond
Auxiliary device failure
Bad error-correction code
(ECC) on disk read
Controller has failed
BIOS Update Attempt Failed!
Caution! NVRAM_CLR jumper is
installed on system board.
Please run setup.
Data error
Decreasing available memory
Diskette read failure
Diskette subsystem reset
failed
Diskette write protected
Drive not ready
Gate A20 failure
General failure
Hard disk controller failure
Invalid memory configuration
detected. Potential
corruption exists!
Keyboard controller failure
Keyboard data line failure
Keyboard failure
Keyboard stuck key failure
Faulty or improperly installed memory modules.
See "Troubleshooting System Memory" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Faulty application program.
Restart the application program.
Memory module installation guidelines have not
been properly followed.
See "Memory Module Installation Guidelines" in "Installing System
Options."
Faulty or improperly installed memory modules.
See "Troubleshooting System Memory" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
The spacebar was pressed during POST to
terminate the memory test.
Information only.
Faulty diskette, diskette drive, CD drive, or hard
drive.
Use a bootable diskette, CD, or hard drive. If the problem persists,
see "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive," "Troubleshooting a CD
Drive," and "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Memory address line failure
at address, read value
expecting value
Memory double word logic
failure at address, read
value expecting value
Memory odd/even logic failure
at start address to end
address
Memory write/read failure at
address, read value expecting
value
Memory allocation error
Memory bank population error!
Memory parity interrupt at
address
Memory tests terminated by
keystroke
No boot device available
No operating system on hard drive.
Check the hard-drive configuration settings in the System Setup
program (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's
Guide).
Faulty system board.
See "Getting Help."
Faulty diskette, diskette drive, CD drive, or hard
drive.
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive," "Troubleshooting a CD
Drive," and "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in "Troubleshooting Your
System." If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
No boot sector on hard- disk
drive
No timer tick interrupt
Non-system disk or disk error
No operating system on diskette.
Use a bootable diskette.
Microprocessors with different speeds are installed.
System operates at speed of slower microprocessor.
Replace the slower microprocessor with one that matches the
faster microprocessor.
Loose cables to expansion card(s); faulty or
improperly installed expansion card.
Ensure that all appropriate cables are securely connected to the
expansion cards. If the problem persists, see "Troubleshooting
Expansion Cards" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
Error encountered while initializing PCI devices.
Install the NVRAM-clear jumper and reboot the system (see
Figure A-2 for jumper location). If the problem persists, see
"Troubleshooting Expansion Cards" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Primary drive n not found
The primary IDE channel is enabled in the System
Setup program, but no drive is attached; improperly
installed hard drive; loose interface or power cable.
Run the System Setup program to correct the drive settings (see
"Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide). If the
problem persists, see "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in
"Troubleshooting Your System."
Faulty diskette, diskette drive, CD drive, tape drive,
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive," "Troubleshooting a CD
Not a boot diskette
One value1 MHz Processor, L2
Cache: 512KB
One value2 MHz processor, L2
Cache: 512KB
System running at value1 MHz PCI BIOS failed to install
Plug & Play Configuration
error
or hard drive.
Drive," "Troubleshooting a Tape Drive," and "Troubleshooting Hard
Drives" in "Troubleshooting Your System." If the problem persists,
see "Getting Help."
Improperly connected diskette drive, tape drive,
hard drive, or power cable.
Ensure that all cables are securely connected. If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help."
Faulty or improperly installed expansion card.
See "Troubleshooting Expansion Cards" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
The secondary IDE controller is enabled in the
System Setup program, but no drive is attached;
improperly installed hard drive; loose interface or
power cable.
Run the System Setup program to correct the drive settings (see
"Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide). If the
problem persists, see "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in
"Troubleshooting Your System."
Faulty diskette or hard drive.
Replace the diskette. If the problem persists, see "Troubleshooting
Hard Drives" in "Troubleshooting Your System." If the problem
persists, see "Getting Help."
Shutdown test failure.
See "Troubleshooting System Memory" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Faulty battery.
See "Troubleshooting the System Battery" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Incorrect Time or Date settings; faulty system
battery.
Check the Time and Date settings (see "Using the System Setup
Program" in your User's Guide). If the problem persists, replace the
system battery (see "System Battery" in "Installing System
Options").
Faulty system board.
See "Getting Help."
Faulty or improperly installed memory modules or
faulty system board.
See "Troubleshooting System Memory" in "Troubleshooting Your
System." If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Microprocessor is not supported by the system.
Update the BIOS firmware (see "Getting Help").
The <F10> key was pressed during POST, but no
utility partition exists on the boot hard drive.
Create a utility partition on the boot hard drive (see "Using the Dell
OpenManage Server Assistant CD" in your User's Guide).
BIOS error.
Update the BIOS firmware (see "Getting Help").
Faulty diskette, CD drive, diskette drive, hard drive,
or hard-drive subsystem.
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive," "Troubleshooting a CD
Drive," and "Troubleshooting Hard Drives" in "Troubleshooting Your
System."
Read fault
Requested sector not found
Reset failed
ROM bad checksum = address
Secondary drive n not found
Sector not found
Seek error
Seek operation failed
Shutdown failure
Time-of-day clock stopped
Time-of-day not set - please
run SETUP program
Timer chip counter 2 failed
Unexpected interrupt in
protected mode
Unsupported CPU stepping
detected
Utility partition not
available
Warning! No microcode update
loaded for processor n
Write fault
Write fault on selected drive
System Beep Codes
When an error that cannot be reported on the monitor occurs during a boot routine, the system may emit a series of beeps that identify the problem.
NOTE: If the system boots without a keyboard, mouse, or monitor attached, the system will not issue beep codes related to these peripherals.
When a beep code is emitted, record it on a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist in "Getting Help," and then look it up in Table 2-8. If you are unable to resolve
the problem by looking up the meaning of the beep code, use the system diagnostics to identify the cause. If you are still unable to resolve the problem, see
"Getting Help."
Table 2-8. System Beep Codes Code
Cause
Corrective Action
1-1-2
CPU register test failure
See "Troubleshooting a Microprocessor" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
1-1-3
CMOS write/read failure; faulty system board
See "Getting Help."
1-1-4
BIOS error
Reflash the BIOS firmware (see "Getting Help").
1-2-1
Programmable interval-timer failure; faulty system
board
See "Getting Help."
1-2-2
DMA initialization failure
See "Troubleshooting System Memory" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
1-2-3
DMA page register write/read failure
1-3-1
Main-memory refresh verification failure
1-3-2
No memory installed
1-3-3
Chip or data line failure in the first 64 KB of main memory
1-3-4
Odd/even logic failure in the first 64 KB of main memory
1-4-1
Address line failure in the first 64 KB of main memory
1-4-2
Parity failure in the first 64 KB of main memory
1-4-3
Fail-safe timer test failure
1-4-4
Software NMI port test failure
2-1-1
through
2-4-4
Bit failure in the first 64 KB of main memory
3-1-1
Slave DMA-register failure
3-1-2
Master DMA-register failure
3-1-3
Master interrupt-mask register failure
3-1-4
Slave interrupt-mask register failure
3-2-2
Interrupt vector loading failure
3-2-4
Keyboard-controller test failure
See "Troubleshooting the Keyboard" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
3-3-1
CMOS failure
See "Getting Help."
3-3-2
System configuration check failure
3-3-3
Keyboard controller not detected
3-3-4
Video memory test failure
3-4-1
Screen initialization failure
3-4-2
Screen-retrace test failure
3-4-3
Video ROM search failure
4-2-1
No timer tick
4-2-2
Shutdown test failure
4-2-3
Gate A20 failure
4-2-4
Unexpected interrupt in protected mode
See "Troubleshooting Expansion Cards" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
4-3-1
Improperly installed or faulty memory modules
See "Troubleshooting System Memory" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
4-3-2
No memory modules installed in the first memory
module connector
Install a memory module in the first memory module connector (see "Memory Modules"
in "Installing System Options").
4-3-3
Faulty system board
See "Getting Help."
4-3-4
Time-of-day clock stopped
See "Troubleshooting the System Battery" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
4-4-1
Super I/O chip failure; faulty system board
See "Getting Help."
4-4-4
Cache test failure; faulty microprocessor
See "Troubleshooting a Microprocessor" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
See "Getting Help."
Warning Messages
A warning message alerts you to a possible problem and asks you to take corrective action before the system continues a task. For example, before you
format a diskette, a message may warn you that you may lose all data on the diskette. Warning messages usually interrupt the procedure and require you to
respond by typing y (yes) or n (no).
NOTE: Warning messages are generated by either the application program or the operating system. For more information, see "Finding Software
Solutions" and the documentation that accompanied the operating system or application program.
Diagnostics Messages
When you run a test group or subtest in the system diagnostics, an error message may result. Diagnostic error messages are not covered in this section.
Record the message on a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist (see "Getting Help"), and then follow the instructions in that section for obtaining technical
assistance.
Alert Messages
Systems management software generates alert messages for your system. For example, the software generates messages that appear in the SNMP trap log
file. Alert messages consist of information, status, warning, and failure messages for drive, temperature, fan, and power conditions. For more information, see
the systems management software documentation.
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Finding Software Solutions
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Before You Begin
Troubleshooting Errors and Conflicts
Software problems can be caused by:
l
Improper installation or configuration of an application
l
Application conflicts
l
Input errors
l
Interrupt assignment conflicts
Ensure that you are installing the software application according to the software manufacturer's recommended procedures. If a problem occurs after you
install the software, you might need to troubleshoot your software application and your system.
See the documentation that accompanied the software or contact the software manufacturer for detailed troubleshooting information.
NOTE: If all of the system diagnostic tests complete successfully, then the problem is most likely caused by the software and not the hardware.
Before You Begin
l
Scan the software media with antivirus software.
l
Read the software documentation before you run the installation utility.
l
Be prepared to respond to prompts from the installation utility.
The installation utility may require you to enter information about your system, such as how the operating system is configured, and the type of peripherals
that are connected to the system. Have this information available before running the installation utility.
Troubleshooting Errors and Conflicts
While configuring and running software, problems might occur that are caused by input errors, application conflicts, and/or IRQ assignment conflicts. The
problems are sometimes indicated by error messages.
Error messages are generated by system hardware or software. "Indicators, Codes, and Messages" provides information about error messages that are
hardware-based. If you receive an error message that is not listed, see your operating system or software program documentation for troubleshooting
information.
Input Errors
Pressing a specific key or set of keys at the wrong time may produce unexpected results. See the documentation that came with the software application to
ensure that the values or characters you are entering are valid.
Ensure that your operating system is configured properly to run the application. Remember that whenever you change the parameters of the operating
system, the changes can conflict with an application's operating requirements. After you configure the operating system, you may need to reinstall or
reconfigure a software application so that it can run properly in its new environment.
Application Conflicts
Some applications can leave unnecessary files or data behind after they are deleted from your system. Device drivers can also create application errors. If
application errors occur, see your application device driver or operating system documentation for troubleshooting information.
IRQ Assignment Conflicts
Most PCI devices can share an IRQ with another device, but they cannot use an IRQ simultaneously. To avoid this type of conflict, see the documentation for
each PCI device for specific IRQ requirements.
Table 3-1. IRQ Assignment Defaults IRQ Line
Assignment
IRQ0
System timer
IRQ1
Keyboard controller
IRQ2
Interrupt controller 1 to enable IRQ8 through IRQ15
IRQ3
Serial port 2 (COM2 and COM4)
IRQ4
Serial port 1 (COM1 and COM3)
IRQ5
Available
IRQ6
Diskette drive controller
IRQ7
Parallel port
IRQ8
Real-time clock
IRQ9
ACPI functions (used for power management)
IRQ10
Available
IRQ11
Available
IRQ12
PS/2 mouse port unless the mouse is disabled through the System Setup program
IRQ13
Math coprocessor
IRQ14
Available
IRQ15
Available
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see "Abbreviations and Acronyms."
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Running the System Diagnostics
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Running Server Administrator Diagnostics
Features of the System Diagnostics
When to Use the System Diagnostics
Starting the System Diagnostics
Using the System Diagnostics
Using the Device Groups Menu
Error Messages
If you experience a problem with your system, run the diagnostics before you call for technical assistance. The diagnostics tests check your system's hardware
without additional equipment and without the risk of destroying data. If the tests indicate a problem you cannot solve by yourself, the test results provide
important information for service and support personnel.
Running Server Administrator Diagnostics
If you are using Dell OpenManage™ Server Administrator to manage your system, you should first use the diagnostic capabilities of Server Administrator to analyze the problem. If you cannot identify the problem using Server Administrator, then use the system diagnostics.
To access the Server Administrator diagnostics, log into the Server Administrator home page, and then click the Diagnostics tab. For information on using the
Server Administrator diagnostics, see the Server Administrator online help. For additional information, see the online Dell OpenManage Server Administrator
User's Guide.
Features of the System Diagnostics
The system diagnostics provides a series of menus and options from which you choose particular device groups or devices. You can also control the sequence
in which the tests are run. The diagnostic menus have these helpful features:
l
Options that let you run tests individually or collectively
l
An option that allows you to choose the number of times a test is repeated
l
The ability to display or print test results or to save them in a file
l
Options to temporarily suspend testing if an error is detected or to terminate testing when an adjustable error limit is reached
l
Help messages that briefly describe each test and its parameters
l
Status messages that inform you whether device group or device tests are completed successfully
l
Error messages that appear if any problems are detected
When to Use the System Diagnostics
Whenever a major component or device in the system does not operate properly, you may have a component failure. As long as the microprocessor and the
input and output components of the system (the monitor, keyboard, and diskette drive) are working, you can use the system diagnostics. If you know what
component(s) you need to test, select the appropriate diagnostic device group(s) or subtest(s). If you are unsure about the scope of the problem, read the
remainder of the information in this section.
Starting the System Diagnostics
NOTICE: Use the system diagnostics to test only your system. Using this program with other systems may cause incorrect results or error messages.
Also, use only the program that came with your system or an updated version of the program for your system.
You can run the system diagnostics from either the utility partition on your hard drive or from a set of diskettes that you create from the Dell OpenManage
Server Assistant CD.
To run the diagnostics from the utility partition, perform the following steps:
1.
Start the utility partition by pressing <F10> during POST.
2.
From the utility partition's main menu, select the Run System Diagnostics option.
See the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD for additional information about the utility partition.
To run the system diagnostics from the diskettes, perform the following steps:
1.
Create a set of diagnostics diskettes.
See the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD for information on creating diagnostics diskettes.
2.
Boot the system from the first diagnostics diskette.
If the system fails to boot, see "Getting Help."
When you start the system diagnostics, a message is displayed telling you that the diagnostics is loading. The Diagnostics menu appears. The menu allows
you to run all or specific diagnostic tests or to exit system diagnostics.
NOTE: Before you read the rest of this section, start the system diagnostics so that you can see it on your monitor screen.
For a quick test of the system, select Test All Devices and then select Quick Tests. This option runs only the device tests that do not require user interaction
and that do not take a long time to run. Dell recommends that you choose this option first to increase the chance of tracing the source of the problem quickly.
To test a particular device, select Test One Device. For a complete test of the system, select Test All Devices and then select Extended Tests.
To test a particular area of the system, choose Advanced Testing. When you select Advanced Testing, the main screen of the diagnostics appears. This
screen includes a listing of the various device groups in the system and the system's service tag number.
To view data on test results, select Information and Results. Select Program Options to set various test parameters.
By selecting Device Configuration, you can see an overview of the devices in the system.
Selecting Exit to MS-DOS exits the diagnostics and returns you to the MS-DOS® operating system environment.
To select an option from the Diagnostics menu, highlight the option and press <Enter>, or press the key that corresponds to the highlighted letter in the
option you choose.
Using the System Diagnostics
When you select Advanced Testing from the Diagnostics menu, the main screen of the diagnostics appears.
Information on the main screen of the diagnostics is presented in the following areas:
l
Two lines at the top of the main screen identify the diagnostics, the version number, and the system's service tag number.
l
On the left side of the screen, Device Groups lists the diagnostic device groups in the order they will run if you select All under the Run Tests
submenu. Press the up- or down-arrow key to highlight a device group.
l
On the right side of the screen, Devices for Highlighted Group lists the specific devices within a particular test group.
l
Two lines at the bottom of the screen make up the menu area. The first line lists the menu options you can select; press the left- or right-arrow key to
highlight an option. The second line gives information about the highlighted option.
Using the Device Groups Menu
The Device Groups menu at the bottom of the screen provides options that enable you to select and run specific diagnostic tests from the diagnostics main
screen. Press the left- and right-arrow keys to select the options on the menu. As you move from one menu option to another, a brief explanation of the
highlighted option appears on the bottom line of the screen.
If you want more information about a device group or device, highlight the Help option and press <Enter>. After you read the information, press <Esc> to
return to the previous screen.
Error Messages
When you run a test in the system diagnostics, you may receive an error message. Record the message on a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist. For a copy of
the Diagnostics Checklist and instructions on obtaining technical assistance, see "Getting Help."
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Troubleshooting Your System
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Safety First—For You and Your System
External Connections
Checking Specific System Problems
Start-Up Routine
System Orientation
Bezel
System Cover
Baffle
Checking the Equipment
Inside the System
Responding to a Systems Management Alert Message
Troubleshooting a Wet System
Troubleshooting a Damaged System
Troubleshooting the System Battery
Troubleshooting Redundant Power Supplies
Troubleshooting a Nonredundant Power Supply
Troubleshooting System Cooling
Troubleshooting Expansion Cards
Troubleshooting System Memory
Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive
Troubleshooting a CD Drive
Troubleshooting a Tape Drive
Troubleshooting Hard Drives
Troubleshooting a RAID Controller Card
Troubleshooting a Microprocessor
Troubleshooting the System Board
Resetting Corrupted BIOS Configuration
If your system is not working as expected, begin troubleshooting by using the procedures in this section. This section guides you through some initial tests
and procedures that can solve basic system problems and provides troubleshooting procedures for components inside the system. Before you start any of the
procedures in this section, perform the following steps:
Read the "Safety Instructions" in your System Information Guide.
l
Read "Running the System Diagnostics" for information about running diagnostics.
l
Get the key to the system keylock.
Safety First—For You and Your System
The procedures in this guide require that you remove the cover and work inside the system. While working inside the system, do not attempt to service the
system except as explained in this guide and elsewhere in your system documentation. Always follow the instructions closely. Review all of the procedures in
"Safety Instructions" in your System Information Guide.
Observe the following precautions when working inside your system:
CAUTION: The power supplies in this system produces high voltages and energy hazards, which can cause bodily harm. Only trained service
technicians are authorized to remove the system cover and access any of the components inside the system.
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide before performing any
procedure that requires you to remove the cover.
External Connections
Loose or improperly connected cables are the most likely source of problems for the system, monitor, or other peripherals (such as a printer, keyboard, mouse,
or other external equipment). A quick check of all the cable connections can easily solve many problems. See Figure 2-4 for the back-panel features and
connectors.
Checking Specific System Problems
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
If the system is connected to a PDU, turn the PDU off and then on again.
If the PDU is not receiving power, plug it into another electrical outlet. If it still is not receiving power, try another PDU.
3.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet or PDU and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
4.
Is the monitor working properly?
See "Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem."
5.
Is the keyboard working properly?
See "Troubleshooting the Keyboard."
6.
Is the mouse working properly?
See "Troubleshooting the Mouse."
7.
Are the other attached peripherals working properly?
See "Troubleshooting the Basic I/O Functions."
Start-Up Routine
Looking at and listening to the system is important in determining the source of a problem. Look and listen during the system's start-up routine for the
indications described in Table 5-1.
Table 5-1. Start-Up Routine Indications Look/listen for:
Action
An error message displayed on the monitor.
See "System Messages" in "Indicators, Codes, and Messages."
A series of beeps emitted by the system.
See "System Beep Codes" in "Indicators, Codes, and Messages."
Alert messages from the systems management software.
See the systems management software documentation.
The monitor's power indicator.
See "Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem."
The keyboard indicators.
See "Troubleshooting the Keyboard."
The diskette-drive activity indicator.
See "Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive."
The CD drive activity indicator.
See "Troubleshooting a CD Drive."
The hard-drive activity indicators.
See "Troubleshooting Hard Drives."
An unfamiliar constant scraping or grinding sound when you access a drive. See "Getting Help" for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
The system will not boot.
See "Resetting Corrupted BIOS Configuration."
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see "Abbreviations and Acronyms."
System Orientation
The illustrations in this document are based on the positioning of the system as shown in Figure 5-1.
Figure 5-1. System Orientation
Bezel
The front bezel has status and attention indicators. You must remove the bezel to remove the cover.
Removing the Bezel
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
NOTICE: To remove the bezel, the system must be standing upright.
1.
Using the system key, unlock the front bezel (see Figure 5-2).
Figure 5-2. Removing the Bezel
NOTICE: Figure 5-2 shows the system standing upright as the bezel is being removed. However, before you service components inside the system, lay
the system on its right side.
2.
Slide the latch to the right and pull the upper edge of the bezel away from the front panel (see Figure 5-2).
3.
Pivot the bezel downward until it is at right angles to the front panel.
4.
Unsnap the bezel from the metal clips on the front panel.
Installing the Bezel
1.
Snap the two tabs on the lower inside edge of the bezel into the corresponding clips on the system front panel, and pivot the bezel upward to its
closed position.
2.
Using the system key, lock the bezel.
System Cover
To upgrade or troubleshoot the system, remove the cover to gain access to internal components.
Removing the Cover
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
1.
Remove the bezel (see "Removing the Bezel").
2.
Loosen the three thumbscrews on the left-side cover (see Figure 5-3).
3.
Grasp the cover at both ends and slide it toward the front of the system.
4.
Lift the cover away from the system.
Figure 5-3. Removing the Cover
NOTICE: Figure 5-3 shows the system standing upright as the cover is being removed. However, before you service components inside the system, lay
the system on its right side.
Installing the Cover
1.
Ensure that no tools or loose parts are left inside the system.
2.
Fit the cover on the side of the system, and slide the cover backward.
3.
Tighten the three cover thumbscrews (see Figure 5-3).
4.
Replace the bezel.
Baffle
The vertical plastic baffle in the center of the system improves system cooling by guiding the airflow within the system. You must remove the baffle when
performing certain procedures inside the system to improve access to some internal components.
Figure 5-4. Removing the Baffle
Removing the Baffle
To remove the baffle, lift the release tab at the end of the baffle near the front of the system, depress the release tab at the back end of the baffle, and slide
the baffle upward.
NOTICE: You must reinstall the baffle to maintain proper airflow for system cooling.
Installing the Baffle
When you install the baffle, note the proper position of the back edge of the baffle in Figure 5-4. After aligning both ends of the baffle, slide the baffle into the
system until the release tabs lock into place.
Checking the Equipment
This section provides troubleshooting procedures for equipment that connects directly to the system, such as the monitor, keyboard, or mouse. Before you
perform any of the procedures, see "External Connections."
Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem
Problem
l
Monitor
l
Monitor interface cable
l
Video memory
l
Video logic
Action
1.
Check the system and power connections to the monitor.
2.
Run the video tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests run successfully, the problem is not related to video hardware. Go to "Finding Software Solutions."
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting the Keyboard
Problem
l
System message indicates a problem with the keyboard
l
Keyboard cable
Action
1.
Press each key on the keyboard, and look at the keyboard and its cable for any signs of damage.
If the keyboard appears to be free of physical damage, go to step 3.
If the keyboard is damaged, continue to step 2.
2.
Swap the faulty keyboard with a working keyboard.
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the faulty keyboard (see "Getting Help").
3.
Run the keyboard test in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the test fails, see "Getting Help."
4.
Swap the faulty keyboard with a working keyboard.
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the faulty keyboard (see "Getting Help").
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting the Mouse
Problem
l
System message indicates a problem with the mouse
l
Mouse cable
Action
1.
Click each button on the mouse, and look at the mouse and its cable for any signs of damage.
If the mouse appears to be free of physical damage, go to step 3.
If the mouse is damaged, continue to step 2.
2.
Swap the faulty mouse with a working mouse.
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the faulty mouse (see "Getting Help").
3.
Run the pointing devices test in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the faulty mouse (see "Getting Help").
If the test fails, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting the Basic I/O Functions
Problem
l
System message indicates a problem with an I/O port
l
Device connected to the port is not operating properly
Action
1.
Enter the System Setup program, and check the serial port and parallel port settings (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
If the ports are enabled, go to step 3.
If the ports are not enabled, continue to step 2.
2.
Change the settings to enable the serial port and/or parallel port.
3.
Restart the system, and run the serial ports test and/or the parallel ports test in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
If the tests run successfully but the problem persists, see one of the following procedures: "Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device" or "Troubleshooting a
Parallel Printer."
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
Problem
l
Device connected to the serial port is not operating properly
l
Serial device interface cable
Action
1.
Turn off the system and any peripheral devices connected to the serial port.
2.
Swap the serial interface cable with a known working cable, and turn on the system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the interface cable (see "Getting Help").
3.
Turn off the system and the serial device, and swap the device with a comparable device.
4.
Turn on the system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the serial device (see "Getting Help").
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a Parallel Printer
Problem
l
Parallel printer is not operating properly
l
Parallel printer interface cable
Action
1.
Turn off the system and the parallel printer.
2.
Swap the parallel printer interface cable with a known working cable, and turn on the system and the printer.
3.
Attempt a print operation.
If the print operation is successful, you must replace the interface cable (see "Getting Help").
4.
Run the printer's self-test.
If the self-test fails, the printer is malfunctioning (see "Getting Help").
Troubleshooting a USB Device
Problem
l
System message indicates a problem with a USB device
l
Device connected to a USB port is not operating properly
l
USB device interface cable
Action
1.
Enter the System Setup program, and ensure that the USB ports are enabled (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
2.
Turn off the system and any USB devices.
3.
Disconnect the USB devices, and connect the malfunctioning device to the other USB connector.
4.
Turn on the system and the reconnected device.
If the problem is resolved, the USB connector might be defective (see "Getting Help").
5.
If possible, swap the interface cable with a known working cable.
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the interface cable (see "Getting Help").
6.
Turn off the system and the USB device, and swap the device with a comparable device.
7.
Turn on the system and the USB device.
If the problem is resolved, you must replace the USB device (see "Getting Help").
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a NIC
Problem
l
NIC cannot communicate with network
l
NIC cable
l
NIC, hub, and switch configuration settings
Action
1.
Check the appropriate indicator on the NIC connector (see Figure 2-7).
l
If the link indicator does not light, check all cable connections.
l
If the activity indicator does not light, the network driver files might be damaged or deleted.
Check the drivers, and remove and reinstall the drivers if applicable. You must reboot your system for the reinstalled drivers to become active.
l
Try changing the auto-negotiation setting, if possible.
l
Try another connector on the switch or hub.
If you are using a NIC card instead of an integrated NIC, see the documentation for the NIC card.
2.
Ensure that the appropriate drivers are installed and the protocols are bound.
3.
Enter the System Setup program and confirm that the NIC is enabled (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
4.
Ensure that the NIC, hubs, and switches on the network are all set to the same data transmission speed.
5.
Ensure that all network cables are of the proper type and do not exceed the maximum length.
For more information, see "Network Cable Requirements."
Inside the System
Figure 5-5 shows an interior view of the system.
Figure 5-5. Inside the System
The system board contains the system's control circuitry and other electronic components. Several hardware options, such as the microprocessors and
memory, are installed directly on the system board.
The system accommodates up to six expansion cards (two 64-bit/100-MHz PCI-X cards, two 64-bit/66-MHz PCI cards, and two 32-bit/33-MHz PCI cards).
System memory is contained in four memory module sockets.
The system supports a 3.5-inch diskette drive and up to two externally accessible 5.25-inch drives, such as CD, DVD, or tape drives. The hard-drive bays
support up to four IDE hard drives or four non-hot-plug SCSI hard drives or up to six hot-plug SCSI hard drives. The hard drives connect to a controller on the
system board or to a controller card.
During an installation or troubleshooting procedure, you may be required to change a jumper setting. For more information, see "Jumpers, Switches, and
Connectors."
Responding to a Systems Management Alert Message
The optional systems management applications monitor critical system voltages and temperatures, the cooling fans, and the status of hard drives in the
system. Alert messages appear in the alert log window. For information about the alert log window and options, see your systems management software
documentation.
NOTICE: Dell strongly urges you to install the systems management applications to receive alerts if a hardware problem occurs. For example, if a
redundant power supply fails, you receive no notification that the system is operating in a nonredundant power mode unless you have installed the
systems management applications.
Troubleshooting a Wet System
Problem
l
Liquid spills
l
Splashes
l
Excessive humidity
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Remove all expansion cards installed in the system (see "Removing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
5.
Let the system dry thoroughly for at least 24 hours.
6.
Stand the system upright.
7.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
8.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
If the system does not start up properly, see "Getting Help."
9.
10.
If the system starts up normally, shut down the system and reinstall all of the expansion cards you removed in step 4 (see "Installing an Expansion
Card" in "Installing System Options").
Run the system board tests in the system diagnostics to confirm that the system is working properly (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a Damaged System
Problem
l
System was dropped or damaged
Action
1.
Ensure that the following components are properly installed and connected:
l
Expansion cards
l
Power cables
l
Cooling fans
l
Drives
2.
Ensure that all cables are properly connected.
3.
Ensure that all components are properly installed and free from damage.
4.
Run the system board tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting the System Battery
Problem
l
System message indicates a problem with the battery
l
System Setup program loses system configuration information
l
System date and time do not stay current
The system battery maintains system configuration, date, and time information in NVRAM when you turn off the system. The operating life of the battery
ranges from 2 to 5 years, depending on how you use the system (for example, if you keep the system on most of the time, the battery gets little use and thus
lasts longer). You may need to replace the battery if an incorrect time or date is displayed during the boot routine.
You can operate the system without a battery; however, the system configuration information maintained by the battery in NVRAM is erased each time you
remove power from the system. Therefore, you must re-enter the system configuration information and reset the options each time the system boots until you
replace the battery.
Action
1.
Re-enter the time and date through the System Setup program (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
2.
Turn off the system and disconnect it from the electrical outlet for at least one hour.
3.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on.
4.
Enter the System Setup program.
If the date and time are not correct in the System Setup program, replace the battery (see "System Battery" in "Installing System Options").
If the problem is not resolved by replacing the battery, see "Getting Help."
NOTE: Some software may cause the system time to speed up or slow down. If the system seems to operate normally except for the time kept in the
System Setup program, the problem may be caused by software rather than by a defective battery.
NOTE: If the system is turned off for long periods of time (for weeks or months), the NVRAM may lose its system configuration information. This situation
is caused by a defective battery.
Troubleshooting Redundant Power Supplies
Problem
l
Power indicator on the front panel does not light
l
Power supply amber fault indicator is on
l
Systems management software issues a power supply–related message
l
No power to the system
Action
1.
Locate the faulty power supply.
The power supply's fault indicator is lit (see Figure 2-5).
2.
Check that a power cable is connected to the power supply and that the green AC line status indicator on the supply is lit (see "Power Indicator Codes"
in "Indicators, Codes, and Messages)."
CAUTION: To prevent risk of personal injury from electrical shock, do not reach into an empty power supply bay.
NOTICE: The optional redundant power supplies are hot-pluggable. The system requires one power supply to be installed for the system to operate
normally. The system is in the redundant mode when two power supplies are installed. Remove and replace only one power supply at a time in a
system that is powered on.
3.
If AC power is available to the system, remove the faulty power supply (see "Removing a Redundant Power Supply" in "Installing System Options").
4.
Install a new power supply (see "Installing a Redundant Power Supply" in "Installing System Options").
NOTE: After installing a new power supply, allow several seconds for the system to recognize the power supply and determine whether it is
working properly. The power supply status indicator will turn green if the power supply is functioning properly (see Figure 2-5).
5.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" for information on obtaining technical assistance.
Troubleshooting a Nonredundant Power Supply
Problem
l
Power indicator on the front panel does not light
l
Systems management software issues a power supply–related message
l
No power to the system
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Ensure that all power cables are properly connected to the system and any attached peripherals and to the electrical outlet (see "External
Connections").
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
Ensure that the power cables are properly connected to the power connectors on the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
6.
Stand the system upright.
7.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
8.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting System Cooling
Problem
l
A fan is not operating properly
l
System message indicates a problem with cooling
l
Systems management software issues a fan-related error message
l
Expansion-card filler brackets are not installed over empty expansion slots
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Ensure that the fan cables are properly connected to the fan connectors on the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
5.
Ensure that expansion-card filler brackets are installed over any empty expansion slots (see "Removing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System
Options").
6.
Stand the system upright.
7.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
8.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, replace the faulty fan (see "System Fans" in "Installing System Options").
If the problem is not resolved after a replacement fan is installed, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting Expansion Cards
Problem
l
Expansion card is not operating properly
l
System message indicates a problem with an expansion card
l
Expansion-card filler brackets are not installed over empty expansion slots
l
Expansion-card cable(s)
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTICE: When troubleshooting an expansion card, see the documentation for your operating system and the expansion card.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Ensure that each expansion card is firmly seated in its connector (see "Installing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
5.
Ensure that any appropriate cables are firmly connected to their corresponding connectors on the expansion cards.
6.
Ensure that expansion-card filler brackets are installed over any empty expansion slots (see "Removing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System
Options").
7.
Stand the system upright.
8.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
9.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
10.
Run Quick Tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the problem persists, continue to step 11.
11.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
12.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
13.
Remove all expansion cards installed in the system (see "Removing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
14.
Stand the system upright.
15.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
16.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
17.
Run Quick Tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
18.
For each expansion card, perform the following steps:
a.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
c.
Lay the system on its right side.
d.
Reinstall one of the expansion cards you removed in step 13 (see "Installing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
e.
Stand the system upright.
f.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
g.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
h.
Run Quick Tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
If you have reinstalled all of the expansion cards and the Quick Tests still fail, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting System Memory
Problem
l
Faulty memory module
l
Faulty system board
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn on the system, including any attached peripherals.
If no error messages appear, go to step 17.
2.
Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
If the amount of memory installed matches the system memory setting, go to step 17.
3.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
4.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
5.
Lay the system on its right side.
6.
Reseat the memory modules in their sockets (see "Installing Memory Modules" in "Installing System Options").
7.
Stand the system upright.
8.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
9.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
10.
Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
If the amount of memory installed does not match the system memory setting, then perform the following steps:
a.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
c.
Lay the system on its right side.
NOTE: There are multiple configurations for the memory modules; see "Memory Module Installation Guidelines" in "Installing System Options." The
following steps are an example of one configuration.
11.
Swap the memory module in the first memory connector with another of the same capacity (see "Installing Memory Modules" in "Installing System
Options").
12.
Stand the system upright.
13.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
14.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
15.
As the system boots, observe the monitor screen and the indicators on the keyboard.
16.
Perform the following steps:
a.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
c.
Repeat step 11 through step 15 for each memory module installed.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
17.
Run the system memory test in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the test fails, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive
Problem
l
Faulty diskette
l
System message indicates a problem with the diskette drive
l
Diskette drive cables
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Swap the diskette with a known working diskette.
If the problem is resolved, the diskette is faulty.
2.
Enter the System Setup program, and verify that the system is configured correctly (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
3.
Run the diskette drive tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the diskette drive operates properly (see "Running the System
Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, continue to step 4.
4.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
5.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
6.
Lay the system on its right side.
7.
Ensure that the diskette drive interface cable is properly connected between the drive and the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
8.
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
9.
Stand the system upright.
10.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
11.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
12.
Run the diskette drive tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the diskette drive operates properly (see "Running the System
Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, continue to step 13.
13.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
14.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
15.
Lay the system on its right side.
16.
Remove all expansion cards installed in the system (see "Removing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
17.
Stand the system upright.
18.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
19.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
20.
Run the diskette drive tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the diskette drive operates properly (see "Running the System
Diagnostics").
If the tests complete successfully, an expansion card may be conflicting with the diskette drive, or you may have a faulty expansion card. Continue to
step 21.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help".
21.
For each expansion card, perform the following steps:
a.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
c.
Lay the system on its right side.
d.
Reinstall one of the expansion cards you removed in step 16 (see "Installing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
e.
Stand the system upright.
f.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
g.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
h.
Run the diskette drive tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the diskette drive operates properly (see "Running the System
Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
If you have reinstalled all of the expansion cards and the tests still fail, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a CD Drive
Problem
l
System cannot read data from the CD
l
CD drive cables
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Run the IDE devices tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the CD drive operates properly (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, continue to step 2.
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
Ensure that the CD drive interface cable is properly connected between the drive and the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
NOTE: Ensure that the drive is configured and connected properly. See "IDE Configuration Information" in "Installing Drives."
6.
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
7.
Stand the system upright.
8.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
9.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
10.
Run the IDE devices tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the CD drive operates properly (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a Tape Drive
Troubleshooting an IDE Tape Drive
Problem
l
Faulty tape cartridge
l
Tape-drive indicator signifies a problem with the drive
l
Software error
l
Tape-drive cables
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTE: If the tape-drive indicator signifies a problem with the drive, see the tape drive's documentation for detailed information on troubleshooting.
1.
Swap the tape cartridge with a known working cartridge.
If the problem is resolved, the cartridge is faulty.
2.
Run the IDE devices tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the tape drive operates properly (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, continue to step 3.
3.
Test the tape drive by performing a tape backup and verification test (see the tape backup software documentation).
If the tests fail, continue to step 4.
4.
Reinstall the tape backup software as instructed in the tape backup software documentation.
5.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
6.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
7.
Lay the system on its right side.
8.
Ensure that the tape drive interface cable is properly connected between the drive and the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
9.
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
10.
Stand the system upright.
11.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
12.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
13.
Run the IDE devices tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the tape drive operates properly (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a SCSI Tape Drive
Problem
l
Faulty tape cartridge
l
Tape-drive indicator signifies a problem with the drive
l
Software or device driver error
l
Tape drive cables
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTE: If the tape-drive indicator signifies a problem with the drive, see the tape drive's documentation for detailed information on troubleshooting.
1.
Swap the tape cartridge with a known working cartridge.
If the problem is resolved, the cartridge is faulty.
2.
Run the SCSI controllers test in the system diagnostics to determine whether the controller operates properly (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, continue to step 3.
3.
Ensure that any required device drivers are installed and are configured correctly.
For information on installing device drivers, see the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD and the documentation that accompanied the controller card.
4.
Test the tape drive by performing a tape backup and verification test (see the tape backup software documentation).
If the tests fail, continue to step 5.
5.
Reinstall the tape backup software as instructed in the tape backup software documentation.
6.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
7.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
8.
Lay the system on its right side.
9.
Ensure that the tape drive interface cable is properly connected between the drive and the controller card (see the documentation that accompanied
the controller card).
10.
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
11.
Ensure that the tape drive is configured with a unique SCSI ID number and that the drive is terminated or not terminated as appropriate.
See the documentation for the tape drive for instructions on configuring the SCSI ID and enabling or disabling termination.
12.
Stand the system upright.
13.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
14.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
15.
Test the tape drive by performing a tape backup and verification test (see the tape backup software documentation).
16.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting Hard Drives
Troubleshooting an IDE Hard Drive
Problem
l
Faulty hard drive
l
Hard-drive cables
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTICE: This troubleshooting procedure can destroy data stored on the hard drive. Before you proceed, back up all the files on the hard drive.
NOTE: If the hard drive is used in a RAID configuration, see "Troubleshooting an IDE Hard Drive in a RAID Configuration."
1.
Enter the System Setup program, and verify that the system is configured correctly (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
2.
Run the hard drive and IDE devices tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the hard drive operates properly (see "Running the System
Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, continue to step 3.
3.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
4.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
5.
Lay the system on its right side.
6.
Ensure that the hard drive interface cable is properly connected between the drive and the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
NOTE: Ensure that the drive is configured and connected properly. See "IDE Configuration Information" in "Installing Drives."
7.
If the hard drive is the boot drive, ensure that the drive is configured and connected properly (see "Configuring the Boot Drive" in "Installing Drives").
8.
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
9.
Stand the system upright.
10.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
11.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
12.
Partition and logically format the hard drive (see the operating system documentation).
13.
If possible, restore the files to the drive.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting an IDE Hard Drive in a RAID Configuration
Problem
l
Device driver error
l
Hard-drive cables
l
Device drivers
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTICE: This troubleshooting procedure can destroy data stored on the hard drive. Before you proceed, back up all the files on the hard drive.
1.
Run the hard drive tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
For information on testing the controller, see the RAID controller's documentation.
If the tests fail, continue to step 2.
2.
Restart your system and enter the RAID configuration utility.
For information on the configuration utility, see the documentation supplied with the RAID controller card.
3.
Ensure that any required device drivers are installed and are configured correctly.
For information on installing device drivers, see the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD and the documentation that accompanied the controller card.
4.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
5.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
6.
Lay the system on its right side.
7.
Ensure that the hard drive interface cable is properly connected between the drive and the controller card (see the documentation that accompanied
the controller card).
8.
If the hard drive is the boot drive, ensure that the drive is configured and connected properly (see "Configuring the Boot Drive" in "Installing Drives").
9.
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
10.
Stand the system upright.
11.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
12.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, continue to step 13.
13.
Partition and logically format the hard drive (see the operating system documentation).
14.
If possible, restore the files to the drive.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a SCSI Hard Drive (System With SCSI Backplane)
Problem
l
Device driver error
l
Hard-drive cables
l
SCSI backplane board
l
Device drivers
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTICE: This troubleshooting procedure can destroy data stored on the hard drive. Before you proceed, back up all the files on the hard drive.
1.
If the integrated SCSI host adapter is being used to control the SCSI hard drives, reboot the system and press <Ctrl><a> to enter the SCSI
configuration utility program.
NOTE: If your system has an optional RAID controller card installed, reboot the system and press <Ctrl><h>, <Ctrl><a>, or <Ctrl><m>, depending
on the utility. See the documentation supplied with the controller for information on the configuration utility.
2.
Check that the primary SCSI channel is enabled, and reboot the system.
3.
Verify that the device drivers are installed and configured correctly (see the operating system's documentation).
4.
Remove the hard drive and install it in the another drive bay.
5.
If the problem is resolved, reinstall the hard drive in the original bay.
If the hard drive functions properly in the original bay, the drive carrier could have intermittent problems. Replace the drive carrier (see "Installing SCSI
Hard Drives" in "Installing Drives").
If the drive carrier still does not function properly in the original bay, the SCSI backplane board has a defective connector (see "Technical Assistance" for
instructions).
6.
Check the SCSI cable connections inside the system:
a.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b.
Remove the system cover (see "System Cover").
c.
Check the SCSI cable connection to the SCSI host adapter.
The SCSI cable may be connected to the SCSI host adapter on the system board or a SCSI host adapter card installed in an expansion slot.
7.
Partition and logically format the hard drive. If possible, restore the files to the drive.
To partition and logically format the drive, see the operating system documentation.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Troubleshooting a SCSI Hard Drive (System Without SCSI Backplane)
Problem
l
Hard-drive cables
l
Device drivers
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTICE: This troubleshooting procedure can destroy data stored on the hard drive. Before you proceed, back up all the files on the hard drive.
1.
Run the SCSI controllers test and the hard drive tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
For information on testing the controller, see the SCSI or RAID controller's documentation.
If the tests fail, continue to step 2.
2.
Reboot the system and enter the SCSI configuration utility.
To enter the utility, press <Ctrl><h>, <Ctrl><a>, or <Ctrl><m>, depending on the utility. See the documentation supplied with the controller for
information on the configuration utility.
3.
Ensure that the primary SCSI channel is enabled, and restart the system (see the documentation for your SCSI controller).
4.
Ensure that any required device drivers are installed and are configured correctly.
For information on installing device drivers, see the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD and the documentation that accompanied the controller card.
5.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
6.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
7.
Lay the system on its right side.
8.
Ensure that the hard-drive interface cable is properly connected between the drive and the system board or controller card (see the documentation
that accompanied the controller card).
9.
If the hard drive is the boot drive, ensure that the drive is configured and connected properly (see "Configuring the Boot Drive" in "Installing Drives.)"
10.
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
11.
Ensure that the hard drive is configured with a unique SCSI ID number and that the drive is terminated or not terminated as appropriate.
See the documentation for the hard drive for instructions on configuring the SCSI ID and enabling or disabling termination.
12.
Stand the system upright.
13.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
14.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
If the problem persists, continue to step 15.
15.
Partition and logically format the hard drive (see the operating system documentation).
16.
If possible, restore the files to the drive.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting a RAID Controller Card
Your system may contain an optional RAID controller card. If you encounter problems with a RAID controller, see the RAID controller's documentation for
detailed information on troubleshooting.
Troubleshooting a Microprocessor
NOTE: Microprocessors with an internal speed of less than 3.06 GHz use an active cooling heat sink. Microprocessors with internal speeds greater than
or equal to 3.06 GHz use a passive heat sink and plastic shroud. Problem
l
System message indicates a problem with the microprocessor
l
Heat sink is not installed for the microprocessor
l
Fan is not operating properly
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Ensure that the microprocessor and heat sink with cooling fan are properly installed (see "Removing and Installing a Microprocessor" in "Installing
System Options").
5.
Stand the system upright.
6.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
7.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
8.
Run Quick Tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail or the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
Troubleshooting the System Board
Problem
l
System message indicates a problem with the system board
Action
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Remove all expansion cards installed in the system (see "Removing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
NOTE: If the boot drive is connected to a SCSI or RAID controller card, remove all expansion cards except the controller card used by the boot
drive.
5.
Stand the system upright.
6.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
7.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
8.
Run Quick Tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
9.
For each expansion card, perform the following steps:
a.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from its electrical outlet.
b.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
c.
Lay the system on its right side.
d.
Reinstall one of the expansion cards you removed in step 4 (see "Installing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
e.
Stand the system upright.
f.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
g.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
h.
Run Quick Tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help."
If you have reinstalled all of the expansion cards and the Quick Tests still fail, see "Getting Help."
Resetting Corrupted BIOS Configuration
If your system cannot boot and you have exhausted all other troubleshooting options, perform the following steps.
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTICE: After you reset the configuration settings using the NVRAM-clear jumper, you must enter the System Setup program and restore any option
settings that were not in your default configuration. For more information, see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Install the NVRAM-clear jumper.
See Figure A-2 to locate the jumper on the system board.
If you do not have a spare jumper, see "Getting Help."
NOTE: The configuration settings will be cleared during the next system startup.
5.
Stand the system upright.
6.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
7.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
NOTE: The configuration settings have been cleared.
8.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
9.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover").
10.
Lay the system on its right side.
11.
Remove the NVRAM-clear jumper.
See Figure A-2 to locate the jumper on the system board.
12.
Stand the system upright.
13.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover").
14.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
15.
Enter the System Setup program, and change the configuration settings appropriate for your system (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your
User's Guide).
16.
Reboot the system.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help."
17.
Enter the System Setup program and restore any option settings that were not in your default configuration. For more information, see "Using the
System Setup Program" in your User's Guide.
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Installing System Options
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
System Fans
Redundant Power Supplies
Expansion Cards
Memory Modules
Microprocessors
System Battery
This section describes how to remove and install the following components:
l
System fans
l
Optional redundant power supplies
l
Expansion cards
l
Memory modules
l
Microprocessors
l
System battery
For information on installing a hard drive or other drives, see "Installing Drives."
System Fans
Your system includes the following system cooling fans:
l
Front system fan
l
Back system fan
Removing the Front System Fan
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the bezel (see "Removing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
Disconnect the fan power cable from the fan power connector on the chassis (see Figure 6-1).
6.
Remove the fan power cable from the plastic retention clip.
7.
Open the fan door (see Figure 6-1).
8.
Pull the wire handle on the fan upward and slide the fan out of the system (see Figure 6-1).
Figure 6-1. Removing the Front and Back System Fans
Installing the Front System Fan
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Insert the fan power cable into the fan bay and connect the fan power cable to the fan power connector on the chassis (see Figure 6-1).
2.
Slide the fan into the system chassis (see Figure 6-1), being careful not to trap the power cable between the fan and chassis.
3.
Secure the fan power cable with the plastic retention clip (see Figure 6-1).
4.
Close the fan handle.
5.
Close the fan door.
6.
Stand the system upright.
7.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
8.
Install the bezel (see "Installing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
9.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Removing the Back System Fan
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Disconnect the fan power cable from the fan power connector on the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
5.
Pull the fan bracket release tab away from the back panel and slide the fan assembly upward about 1 cm (0.5 inch) (see Figure 6-1).
6.
Lift the fan assembly away from the back panel and out of the system.
Installing the Back System Fan
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Insert the four tabs on the fan bracket into the mounting holes in the back panel and slide the fan assembly downward about 1 cm (0.5 inch) until the
fan bracket release tab snaps into place.
2.
Connect the fan power cable to the fan power connector on the system board.
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
3.
Stand the system upright.
4.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
5.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Redundant Power Supplies
The optional redundant power supplies are accessible from the back panel.
Removing a Redundant Power Supply
CAUTION: To prevent risk of personal injury from electrical shock, do not reach into an empty power supply bay.
NOTICE: The power supplies are hot-pluggable. The system requires one power supply to be installed for the system to operate normally. The system
is in the redundant mode when two power supplies are installed. Remove and replace only one power supply at a time in a system that is powered on.
1.
Disconnect the power cord from the power supply.
2.
Using your thumb and index finger, squeeze the catch in the middle of the power supply handle (see Figure 6-2).
3.
Rotate the handle downward to release the power supply.
4.
Slide the power supply out of the chassis.
Installing a Redundant Power Supply
1.
Slide the power supply into the chassis.
2.
When the power supply is fully inserted, rotate the power supply handle upward to lock the power supply in place.
The power supply will not function until the handle is fully closed.
3.
Plug the power cable into the power supply, making sure that the cable passes through the power cable strain relief loop.
NOTE: After installing a new power supply, allow several seconds for the system to recognize the power supply and determine whether it is working
properly. The power-on indicator turns green to signify that the power supply is functioning properly (see Figure 2-3).
Figure 6-2. Removing and Installing an Optional Redundant Power Supply
Expansion Cards
The system includes six expansion slots, configured as follows:
l
Slots 1 and 2 are 64-bit, 66-MHz PCI slots (3.3 V).
l
Slots 3 and 4 are 64-bit, 100-MHz PCI-X slots (3.3 V).
l
Slots 5 and 6 are 32-bit, 33-MHz PCI slots (5 V).
All expansion slots accommodate full-length cards, except for slot 1.
To identify expansion slots and operating speeds, see Figure A-3.
Installing an Expansion Card
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
NOTE: If you install a RAID controller card, install the card in expansion slot 1 or 2. (See Figure A-3 to locate these expansion slots.)
1.
Unpack the expansion card, and prepare it for installation.
For instructions, see the documentation that accompanied the card.
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
Remove the filler bracket from the expansion slot.
6.
Install the expansion card (see Figure 6-3):
a.
Position the expansion card so that the card-edge connector aligns with the expansion-card connector on the system board.
b.
Insert the card-edge connector firmly into the expansion-card connector until the card is fully seated.
c.
Install the screw that secures the expansion-card bracket to the back panel.
d.
If the card is a full-length card, close the card-guide latch.
7.
Connect any cables that should be attached to the card.
See the documentation that accompanied the card for information about its cable connections.
8.
Stand the system upright.
9.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
10.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Figure 6-3. Removing and Installing an Expansion Card
Removing an Expansion Card
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Disconnect any cables attached to the card.
5.
Remove the expansion card (see Figure 6-3):
6.
a.
If the card is a full-length card, press the release tab on the card-guide latch and open the latch.
b.
Remove the screw that secures the expansion-card bracket to the back panel.
c.
Grasp the expansion card by its top corners, and carefully remove it from the expansion-card connector.
If you are removing the card permanently, install a metal filler bracket over the empty expansion slot opening and close the expansion-card latch.
NOTICE: You must install a filler bracket over an empty expansion slot to maintain Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification of the
system. The brackets also help keep dust and dirt out of the system and aid in proper cooling and airflow inside the system.
7.
Stand the system upright.
8.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
9.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Memory Modules
The four memory module connectors on the system board can accommodate from 128 MB to 4 GB of registered memory modules.
Memory Upgrade Kits
System memory is upgradable to 4 GB by installing combinations of 128-, 256-, 512-MB, and 1-GB registered DDR SDRAM modules. You can purchase memory
upgrade kits as needed.
NOTICE: The DDR SDRAM memory modules must be PC-266 compliant.
Memory Module Installation Guidelines
Starting with the connector nearest the side of the system board, the memory module sockets are labeled "DIMMA" through "DIMMD" (see Figure A-3). When
you install memory modules, install the first module in connector DIMMA before installing additional modules in connectors DIMMB, DIMMC, and DIMMD.
Table 6-1 lists sample memory configurations based on these guidelines.
Table 6-1. Sample Memory Module Configurations Total Memory
DIMMA
DIMMB
DIMMC
DIMMD
128 MB
128 MB
None
None
None
512 MB
256 MB
256 MB
None
None
512 MB
512 MB
None
None
None
1 GB
512 MB
512 MB
None
None
1.5 GB
1 GB
512 MB
None
None
2 GB
512 MB
512 MB
512 MB
512 MB
3 GB
1 GB
1 GB
1 GB
None
3 GB
1 GB
1 GB
512 MB
512 MB
4 GB
1 GB
1 GB
1 GB
1 GB
NOTE: This table only lists sample memory module configurations. Not all possible configurations are listed.
Performing a Memory Upgrade
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Install or remove memory modules as necessary to reach the desired memory total (see "Installing Memory Modules" and "Removing Memory
Modules").
See Figure A-3 to locate the memory module connectors.
5.
Stand the system upright.
6.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
7.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
After the system completes the POST routine, it runs a memory test.
The system detects that the new memory does not match the system configuration information, which is stored in NVRAM. The monitor displays an error
message that ends with the following words:
Press <F1> to continue; <F2> to enter System Setup
8.
Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program, and check the System Memory setting.
The system should have already changed the value in the System Memory setting to reflect the newly installed memory.
9.
10.
If the System Memory value is incorrect, one or more of the memory modules may not be installed properly. Repeat step 1 through step 8, ensuring
that the memory modules are firmly seated in their connectors.
Run the system memory test in the system diagnostics.
Installing Memory Modules
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Locate the memory module connectors in which you will install a memory module (see Figure A-3).
5.
Press down and outward on the memory module connector ejectors, as shown in Figure 6-4, to allow the memory module to be inserted into the
connector.
Figure 6-4. Removing and Installing a Memory Module
6.
Align the notch in the memory module's edge connector with the alignment key in the socket, and insert the memory module in the connector (see
Figure 6-4).
The memory module connector has an alignment key that allows the memory module to be installed in the connector in only one way.
7.
Press down on the memory module with your thumbs while pulling up on the ejectors with your index fingers to lock the memory module into the
connector (see Figure 6-4).
When the memory module is properly seated in the connector, the memory module connector ejectors should align with the ejectors on the other
connectors with memory modules installed.
8.
Repeat step 4 through step 7 to install the remaining memory modules.
9.
Perform step 5 through step 10 of "Performing a Memory Upgrade."
Removing Memory Modules
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Locate the memory module connectors from which you will remove memory modules (see Figure A-3).
5.
Press down and outward on the memory module connector ejectors until the memory module pops out of the connector (see Figure 6-4).
6.
Repeat step 4 and step 5 of this procedure to remove any other memory modules.
7.
Perform step 5 through step 10 of "Performing a Memory Upgrade."
Microprocessors
To take advantage of future options in speed and functionality, you can add a second microprocessor or replace either the primary or secondary
microprocessor.
NOTE: The second microprocessor must be of the same type as the first. If the two microprocessors are different speeds, both will operate at the
speed of the slower microprocessor.
Each microprocessor and its associated cache memory are contained in a PGA package that is installed in a ZIF socket on the system board.
The following items are included in the microprocessor upgrade kit:
l
A microprocessor
l
A heat sink with cooling fan
Removing and Installing a Microprocessor
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
If you are removing or installing a microprocessor in socket CPU2, remove the vertical plastic baffle to improve access to the microprocessor socket (see
"Removing the Baffle" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
5.
Disconnect the microprocessor fan cable from the fan power connector on the system board (see Figure 6-5).
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
6.
Remove the back system fan (see "Removing the Back System Fan").
CAUTION: The microprocessor and heat sink can become extremely hot. Be sure they have had sufficient time to cool before handling.
NOTICE: Do not operate the system without the fan and heat sink assembly installed. The assembly is required to maintain proper thermal conditions.
NOTICE: After removing the fan and heat sink assembly, place it upside down on a flat surface to prevent the thermal interface material on the heat
sink from being damaged or contaminated.
NOTICE: The microprocessor fan and heat sink are constructed together as a single assembly. Do not attempt to remove the fan from the heat sink.
7.
Remove the microprocessor fan and heat sink assembly (see Figure 6-5):
a.
Press down on the release tabs on the heat-sink retention clips to release the clips from the retaining tabs on the ZIF socket.
b.
Lift the assembly away from the microprocessor.
Figure 6-5. Removing the Microprocessor Fan and Heat Sink Assembly 8.
Pull the microprocessor socket release lever upward to the fully open position (see Figure 6-6).
NOTICE: Be careful not to bend any of the pins when removing the microprocessor. Bending the pins can permanently damage the microprocessor.
9.
Lift the microprocessor out of the socket and leave the release lever in the open position so that the socket is ready for the new microprocessor (see
Figure 6-6).
Figure 6-6. Removing and Installing a Microprocessor
10.
Unpack the new microprocessor.
If any of the pins on the microprocessor appear bent, see "Getting Help" for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
11.
Ensure that the microprocessor socket release lever is in the fully open position.
NOTICE: The microprocessor and system board can be damaged if the microprocessor socket release lever is not fully open when you insert the new
microprocessor.
12.
Align pin 1 on the microprocessor (see Figure 6-6) with pin 1 on the microprocessor socket.
NOTICE: Positioning the microprocessor incorrectly can permanently damage the microprocessor and the system when you turn on the system. When
placing the microprocessor in the socket, be sure that all of the pins on the microprocessor go into the corresponding holes and that the processor is
parallel to the surface of the socket. Be careful not to bend the pins.
13.
Install the microprocessor in the socket (see Figure 6-6).
NOTE: No force is needed to install the microprocessor in the socket. When the microprocessor is aligned correctly, it should drop into the socket.
14.
When the microprocessor is fully seated in the socket, rotate the socket release lever back down until it snaps into place, securing the microprocessor
in the socket.
15.
Place the microprocessor fan and heat sink assembly on top of the microprocessor (see Figure 6-5).
16.
l
If the heat sink has a protective cover on the underside of the heat sink (see Figure 6-5), remove and discard the cover to expose the thermal
grease, and then place the heat sink on the microprocessor.
l
If the heat sink has a foil thermal interface material on the bottom, place the heat sink on the microprocessor.
To reinstall the heat-sink retention clips, hold the clip by the release tab (see Figure 6-5), fit the opposite end of the clip over the tab on the
microprocessor socket, and press down on the release tab until the free end of the clip snaps into place.
NOTICE: The cooling fan must be connected for the microprocessor to maintain proper thermal conditions.
17.
Connect the microprocessor fan cable to the fan connector on the system board (see Figure 6-5).
To identify system board connectors, see Figure A-3.
18.
Reinstall the back system fan (see "Installing the Back System Fan").
19.
If you removed the baffle in step 4, replace the baffle now (see "Installing the Baffle" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
NOTICE: You must reinstall the baffle to maintain proper airflow for system cooling.
20.
Stand the system upright.
21.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
22.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
23.
Enter the System Setup program, and ensure that the microprocessor options match the new system configuration (see "Using the System Setup
Program" in your User's Guide).
As the system boots, it detects the presence of the new microprocessor and automatically changes the system configuration information in the System
Setup program. A message similar to the following appears:
One 1.8 GHz Processor, Processor Bus: 400 MHz, L2 cache 512 KB Advanced 24.
Confirm that the top line of the system data area in the System Setup program correctly identifies the installed microprocessor(s) (see "Using the
System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
25.
Exit the System Setup program.
26.
Run the system diagnostics to verify that the new microprocessor is operating correctly.
See "Running the System Diagnostics" for information on running the diagnostics and troubleshooting any problems that may occur.
System Battery
The system battery is a 3-V, coin-cell battery.
Replacing the System Battery
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
CAUTION: There is a danger of a new battery exploding if it is incorrectly installed. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type
recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions. See your System Information Guide for
additional information.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
See Figure A-3 to locate the system battery on the system board.
4.
If necessary, remove the expansion cards to access the battery socket.
See "Removing an Expansion Card."
5.
Remove the system battery (see Figure 6-7).
You can pry the system battery out of its connector with your fingers or with a blunt, nonconductive object such as a plastic screwdriver.
6.
Install the new system battery with the side labeled "+" facing up (see Figure 6-7).
7.
If you removed expansion cards in step 4, replace them now.
See "Installing an Expansion Card."
8.
Stand the system upright.
9.
Install the cover.
See "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
10.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Figure 6-7. Replacing the System Battery
11.
Enter the System Setup program to confirm that the battery is operating properly (see "Using the System Setup Program" in your User's Guide).
12.
Enter the correct time and date in the System Setup program's Time and Date fields.
13.
Exit the System Setup program.
14.
To test the newly installed battery, turn off the system and disconnect it from the electrical outlet for at least an hour.
15.
After an hour, reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn it on.
16.
Enter the System Setup program and if the time and date are still incorrect, see "Getting Help" for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Installing Drives
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Connecting Drives
IDE Configuration Information
SCSI Configuration Information
Configuring the Boot Drive
Diskette Drive
Front-Panel Drive Inserts
5.25-Inch Drives
Hard Drives
Installing a RAID Controller Card
Your system can contain the following drives:
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Up to two externally accessible 5.25-inch drives (typically CD drives or tape drives). A CD or other optical drive is standard in the first external drive bay,
and an additional drive of your choice can be installed in the remaining external drive bay.
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An externally accessible 3.5-inch diskette drive.
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Up to four 1-inch non-hot-plug IDE or SCSI hard drives.
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Up to six hot-plug SCSI hard drives.
Connecting Drives
Interface Cables
Most interface connectors are keyed for correct insertion. When you disconnect an interface cable, take care to grasp the cable connector, rather than the
cable itself, to avoid stress on the cable.
Drive Cable Configurations
Your system can accommodate many different drive configurations, each with specific cable requirements. Table 7-1 shows the cable requirements for common
drive configurations.
Table 7-1. Drive Cable Configuration Drives
Required Cable
Cable Connections
IDE CD drive, DVD drive, or combination drive 40-pin IDE 2-drop cable
(See Figure 7-4.)
IDE drive and secondary IDE connector on system board
Up to two IDE hard drives (See Figure 7-8.)
80-pin IDE 2-drop cable
IDE hard drives and primary IDE connector on system board
Three or four IDE hard drives (See Figure 711.)
80-pin IDE bundled 4-drop cable
IDE hard drives and IDE RAID controller card
Up to four non-hot-plug SCSI hard-drives
(See Figure 7-9 and Figure 7-10.)
66-cm (26-inch) or 94-cm (37-inch) 68-pin SCSI 660-cm (26-inch) cable to SCSI hard drives and SCSI
4-drop cable (terminated)
controller on system board (See Figure 7-9.)
or
94-cm (37-inch) cable to SCSI hard drives and SCSI RAID
controller (See Figure 7-10.)
Up to six hot-plug SCSI hard drives (See
Figure 7-12 and Figure 7-13.)
38-cm (15-inch) or 63-cm (25-inch) 68-pin SCSI 38-cm (15-inch) cable to SCSI backplane and SCSI
1-drop cable (unterminated)
connector on system board (See Figure 7-12.)
or
63-cm (25-inch) cable to SCSI backplane and RAID controller
card (See Figure 7-13.)
SCSI tape drive (See Figure 7-5 and
Figure 7-6.)
68-pin SCSI 1-drop cable (terminated)
SCSI tape drive and SCSI controller on system board (See
Figure 7-5.)
or
SCSI tape drive and SCSI controller card if SCSI controller is used for SCSI hard drives (See Figure 7-6.)
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see "Abbreviations and Acronyms."
DC Power Cables
The 3.5-inch diskette drive, 5.25-inch devices, and non-hot-plug hard drives must connect to a DC power cable from the system power supply. (Hot-plug SCSI
drives obtain their power from the optional SCSI backplane.)
IDE Configuration Information
The IDE subsystem provides two channels (primary and secondary). Each channel can support up to two IDE drives such as high-capacity hard drives, CD
drives, DVD drives, and tape drives.
Each IDE drive should be configured for the Cable Select setting, which assigns master and slave status to a drive according to its position on the interface
cable. In this configuration, the drive attached to the last connector on the interface cable is the master or boot drive (drive 0) and the drive attached to the
middle connector on the interface cable is the slave drive (drive 1). See the drive's documentation for instructions on configuring the Cable Select setting.
Table 7-2 lists guidelines for installing IDE drives connected to the IDE system board connectors.
Table 7-2. IDE Drive Configuration Guidelines
IDE Channel
System Board Connector
Drive Type(s)
1
PRIMARY IDE
IDE hard drives
2
SECONDARY IDE
IDE CD, DVD, tape, or combination drives
NOTE: The configurations shown in this table describe IDE drives connected directly to the IDE system board connectors. To identify system board
connectors, see Figure A-3.
SCSI Configuration Information
Although SCSI drives are installed in essentially the same way as other drives, their configuration requirements are different. To install and configure a SCSI
drive, follow the guidelines in the following subsections.
SCSI Interface Cables
SCSI interface connectors are keyed for correct insertion. Keying ensures that the pin-1 wire in the cable connects to pin 1 in the connectors on both ends.
When you disconnect an interface cable, take care to grasp the cable connector, rather than the cable itself, to avoid stress on the cable.
SCSI ID Numbers
Each drive attached to a SCSI controller must have a unique SCSI ID number from 0 to 15.
l
The SCSI hard drive from which the system boots is configured as SCSI ID 0.
l
A SCSI tape drive is typically configured as SCSI ID 6.
l
If you install optional SCSI drives or change your SCSI configuration, see the documentation for each SCSI drive for information on setting the
appropriate SCSI ID number.
NOTE: There is no requirement that SCSI ID numbers be assigned sequentially or that drives be attached to the cable in order by ID number.
Device Termination
SCSI logic requires that termination be enabled for the two drives at opposite ends of the SCSI chain and disabled for all drives in between. For internal SCSI
drives, termination is configured automatically. See the documentation provided with any optional SCSI drive you purchase for information on disabling
termination.
Configuring the Boot Drive
The drive or device from which the system boots is determined by the boot order specified in the System Setup program (see "Using the System Setup
Program" in your User's Guide). To boot the system from a hard drive or drive array, the drive(s) must be connected to the appropriate controller:
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To boot from a single IDE hard drive, the master drive (drive 0) must be connected to the secondary controller on the system board. To identify system
board connectors, see Figure A-3.
l
To boot from a single SCSI hard drive, the drive must be connected to the SCSI controller card (see the documentation that accompanied the controller
card).
l
To boot from an IDE or SCSI RAID array, the drive must be connected to the RAID controller card (see the documentation that accompanied the
controller card).
Diskette Drive
Removing a Diskette Drive
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the bezel (see "Removing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
Use your thumb and index finger to depress the tabs that secure the diskette drive in the drive bay (see Figure 7-1).
6.
Slide the diskette drive forward out of the drive bay.
7.
Disconnect the power cable and the interface cable from the diskette drive.
Figure 7-1. Removing a Diskette Drive
Installing a Diskette Drive
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Connect the power cable and the interface cable to the diskette drive.
2.
Slide the diskette drive into the externally accessible drive bay (see Figure 7-1).
3.
Stand the system upright.
4.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
5.
Install the bezel (see "Installing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
6.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Front-Panel Drive Inserts
To help keep dust and dirt out of the system, a plastic insert in the bezel covers each empty external drive bay. Additionally, each empty external drive bay is
covered by a metal insert in the chassis to maintain to maintain Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification of the system.
Before you install a 5.25-inch drive in an empty external drive bay, you must first remove both drive inserts. If you remove a 5.25-inch drive permanently, you
must install both the chassis and bezel inserts.
Removing the Front-Panel Drive Inserts
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the bezel (see "Removing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
4.
Remove the bezel drive insert:
5.
a.
From inside the bezel, press the tabs at each end of the insert inward with your thumbs.
b.
Pull the insert out of the bezel.
Remove the chassis drive insert (see Figure 7-2):
a.
Press the tabs at each end of the insert inward.
b.
Pull the insert out of the chassis.
Figure 7-2. Removing the Chassis Drive Insert
Installing the Front-Panel Drive Inserts
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
NOTICE: You must install both inserts in an empty 5.25-inch drive bay to maintain Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification of the
system. The inserts also help keep dust and dirt out of the system.
1.
Install the chassis drive insert by sliding the insert into the chassis until the tabs on the side of the insert snap into place (see Figure 7-2).
2.
Install the bezel drive insert by sliding the insert into the bezel until the tabs on the side of the insert snap into place.
3.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
4.
Install the bezel (see "Installing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
5.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
5.25-Inch Drives
A CD drive, DVD drive, or combination drive is standard in the first external drive bay, and an additional drive of your choice can be installed in the second
external drive bay. These drives connect either to the system board or to an optional controller card.
Installing a 5.25-Inch Drive
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Unpack the drive (and controller card, if applicable), and prepare the drive for installation.
For instructions, see the documentation that accompanied the drive. Also, see "IDE Configuration Information" or "SCSI Configuration Information" for
information on configuring the drive.
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
3.
Remove the front-panel inserts for the empty external drive bay (see "Removing the Front-Panel Drive Inserts").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
If the drive was supplied with a controller card, install the controller card in an expansion slot (see "Installing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System
Options").
6.
Slide the drive into the external drive bay.
7.
Install the screws that secure the drive in the drive bay (see Figure 7-3).
Figure 7-3. Installing a 5.25-Inch Drive
8.
Connect a DC power cable connector to the drive's power input connector (see Figure 7-3).
9.
Connect the interface cable to the drive (see Figure 7-3) and to the system board or controller card:
l
Figure 7-4 illustrates a common cable configuration for externally accessible IDE drives.
l
Figure 7-5 illustrates a SCSI tape drive connected to the SCSI controller on the system board.
l
Figure 7-6 shows a SCSI tape drive connected to a SCSI controller card.
If necessary, temporarily remove the baffle to allow easier routing of the interface cable (see "Removing the Baffle" in "Troubleshooting Your
System").
For information about the controller card, see the documentation that accompanied the card.
Figure 7-4. Connecting an IDE CD Drive and Optional IDE Tape Drive to the Integrated IDE Controller
Figure 7-5. Connecting an SCSI Tape Drive to the Integrated SCSI Controller
Figure 7-6. Connecting an SCSI Tape Drive to a SCSI Controller Card
10.
Ensure that all cables are firmly connected and arranged so that they will not catch on the computer covers or block airflow inside the system.
11.
If you removed the baffle in step 9, replace the baffle now (see "Installing the Baffle" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
12.
Stand the system upright.
13.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
14.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
15.
Test the drive:
l
If you installed an IDE drive, run the IDE devices tests in the system diagnostics to determine whether the tape drive operates properly (see
"Running the System Diagnostics").
l
If you installed a SCSI drive, run the SCSI controllers test in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
l
If you installed a tape drive, see the tape drive software documentation to perform a backup and verification test.
Hard Drives
You can install up to four non-hot-plug IDE or SCSI hard drives in a removable drive bay or up to six hot-plug SCSI hard drives connected to the optional SCSI
backplane.
General Installation Guidelines
Use the following guidelines when installing hard drives:
l
You should only use drives tested and approved for use in your system.
l
You may need to use different programs than those provided with the operating system to partition and format a hard drive. See the hard drive's
documentation for information on setting up the drive.
l
When you format a high-capacity hard drive, allow enough time for the formatting to be completed. Long format times for these drives are normal. For
example, a large drive can take over an hour to format.
l
Do not turn off or reboot your system while the drive is being formatted. Doing so can cause a drive failure.
Installing and Removing Non-Hot-Plug Hard Drives
Removing a Non-Hot-Plug Hard Drive
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
2.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
3.
Lay the system on its right side.
4.
Disconnect all power cables and interface cables from the hard drives in the drive bay.
5.
Remove the hard-drive bay (see Figure 7-7):
6.
a.
Loosen the four Phillips-head screws that secure the drive bay in the system.
b.
Slide the drive bay out of the system.
If you are removing a drive, remove the drive from the drive bay (see Figure 7-7):
a.
Remove the two screws that secure the drive in the drive bay.
b.
Slide the drive out of the drive bay.
Figure 7-7. Removing and Installing a Non-Hot-Plug Hard Drive
7.
Install the hard-drive bay (see Figure 7-7):
a.
With the side of the drive bay labeled "Top" facing toward the external drive bays, slide the drive bay into the system.
b.
Replace the four screws that secure the drive bay in the system.
8.
Connect all power cables and interface cables to the hard drives remaining in the drive bay. 9.
Stand the system upright.
10.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
11.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Installing a Non-Hot-Plug Hard Drive
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Unpack the drive (and controller card, if applicable), and prepare the drive for installation.
For instructions, see the documentation that accompanied the drive. Also, see "IDE Configuration Information" or "SCSI Configuration Information" for
information on configuring the drive.
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
If the drive was supplied with a controller card, install the controller card in an expansion slot (see "Installing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System
Options").
6.
Disconnect all power cables and interface cables from the hard drives in the drive bay.
7.
Remove the hard-drive bay (see Figure 7-7):
8.
9.
a.
Loosen the four Phillips-head screws that secure the drive bay in the system.
b.
Slide the drive bay out of the system.
Install the drive in the drive bay (see Figure 7-7):
a.
Slide the drive into the drive bay with the back of the drive toward the back of the drive bay.
b.
Install the two screws that secure the drive in the drive bay.
Install the hard-drive bay (see Figure 7-7):
a.
With the side of the drive bay labeled "Top" facing toward the external drive bays, slide the drive bay into the system.
b.
Replace the four screws that secure the drive bay in the system.
10.
Connect a DC power cable connector to the drive's power input connector.
11.
Connect the interface cable connector to the drive's interface connector:
l
If you are installing one or two IDE hard drives, connect the interface cable between the drive(s) and the system board (see Figure 7-8).
l
If you are installing one or more SCSI hard drives, connect the interface cable to the drive(s) and the SCSI controller on the system board (see
Figure 7-9).
l
If you are installing drives in an IDE or SCSI RAID array, connect the interface cable to the drives and the optional RAID controller card (see
Figure 7-10 or Figure 7-11).
If necessary, temporarily remove the baffle to allow easier routing of the interface cable (see "Removing the Baffle" in "Troubleshooting Your
System").
For information about the controller card, see the documentation that accompanied the card.
Figure 7-8. Connecting IDE Hard Drives to the Integrated IDE Controller
Figure 7-9. Connecting Non-Hot-Plug SCSI Hard Drives to the Integrated SCSI Controller
Figure 7-10. Connecting Non-Hot-Plug SCSI Hard Drives to an Optional SCSI RAID Controller Card
Figure 7-11. Connecting IDE Hard Drives to an Optional IDE RAID Controller Card
12.
Connect all power cables and interface cables to the other hard drives in the drive bay.
13.
Ensure that all cables are firmly connected and arranged so that they will not catch on the computer covers or block airflow inside the system.
14.
If you removed the baffle in step 11, replace the baffle now (see "Installing the Baffle" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
15.
Stand the system upright.
16.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
17.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
NOTICE: Do not turn off or reboot your system while the drive is being formatted. Doing so can cause a drive failure.
18.
Partition and logically format the hard drive (see the operating system documentation).
19.
Test the drive:
l
If you installed one or more IDE hard drives connected to the IDE controller on the system board, run the hard drive tests in the system
diagnostics to determine whether the drive operates properly (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
l
If you installed a drive in an IDE RAID array, run the hard drive tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics"). Also, see
the RAID controller's documentation for information on testing the controller.
l
If you installed one or more SCSI hard drives connected to the SCSI controller on the system board, run the SCSI controllers tests and the hard
drive tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
l
If you installed a drive in a SCSI RAID array, run the SCSI controllers tests and the hard drive tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the
System Diagnostics"). Also, see the RAID controller's documentation for information on testing the array.
Installing and Removing Hot-Plug SCSI Hard Drives
The drive bays in a system with an optional SCSI backplane board provide space for up to six 1-inch hard drives. The hard drives plug into the SCSI backplane
board, which is connected to a controller on the system board (see Figure 7-12) or to a RAID controller card (see Figure 7-13).
Figure 7-12. Hot-Plug SCSI Hard Drives Connected to the Integrated SCSI Controller
Figure 7-13. Hot-Plug SCSI Hard Drives Connected to a RAID Controller Card
Removing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive
NOTICE: Not all operating systems support hot-plug drive installation. See the documentation supplied with your operating system.
1.
Remove the bezel (see "Removing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
2.
Take the hard drive offline and wait until the hard-drive indicator codes on the drive carrier signal that the drive can be removed safely (see Table 2-5).
If the drive has been online, the drive-status indicator will blink green two times a second as the drive is powered down. When all indicators are off, the
drive is ready for removal.
See your operating system documentation for more information on taking the hard drive offline.
3.
Open the hard-drive carrier handle to release the drive (see Figure 7-14).
Figure 7-14. Removing and Installing a Hot-Plug Hard-Drive
4.
Slide the hard drive out until it is free of the drive bay (see Figure 7-14).
5.
Replace the bezel (see "Installing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
Installing a Hot-Plug Hard Drive
NOTICE: Not all operating systems support hot-plug drive installation. See the documentation supplied with your operating system.
1.
Remove the bezel (see "Removing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
2.
Open the hard-drive carrier handle (see Figure 7-14).
NOTICE: Do not insert a hard-drive carrier and attempt to lock its handle next to a partially installed carrier. Doing so can damage the partially installed
carrier's shield spring and make it unusable. Ensure that the adjacent drive carrier is fully installed.
3.
Insert the hard-drive carrier into the drive bay (see Figure 7-14).
4.
Close the hard-drive carrier handle to lock it in place.
5.
Replace the bezel (see "Installing the Bezel" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
6.
Install any required SCSI device drivers.
7.
If the hard drive is new, run the SCSI controllers test in the system diagnostics.
Installing a RAID Controller Card
Follow this general procedure when installing a RAID controller card. For specific instructions, see the documentation supplied with the card.
CAUTION: Before you perform this procedure, see "Safety First—For You and Your System" in "Troubleshooting Your System."
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety instructions in your System Information Guide.
1.
Unpack the expansion card, and prepare it for installation.
For instructions, see the documentation that accompanied the card.
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
3.
Remove the cover (see "Removing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
4.
Lay the system on its right side.
5.
Install the controller card in expansion slot 1 or 2 (see "Installing an Expansion Card" in "Installing System Options").
6.
Connect the interface cable to the card and to the drives.
See Figure 7-10, Figure 7-12, and the documentation that accompanied the card for information about cable connections between the drives and RAID
card.
7.
Stand the system upright.
8.
Install the cover (see "Installing the Cover" in "Troubleshooting Your System").
9.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
10.
Ensure that any required device drivers are installed and are configured correctly.
For information on installing device drivers, see the Dell OpenManage Server Assistant CD and the documentation that accompanied the controller card.
11.
Test the array:
l
If you are setting up an IDE RAID array, run the hard drive tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the System Diagnostics").
l
If you are setting up a SCSI RAID array, run the SCSI controllers tests and the hard drive tests in the system diagnostics (see "Running the
System Diagnostics").
Also, see the RAID controller's documentation for information on testing the array.
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Getting Help
Dell™ PowerEdge™ 1600SC Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Technical Assistance
Dell Enterprise Training and Certification
Problems With Your Order
Product Information
Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit
Before You Call
Contacting Dell
Technical Assistance
If you need assistance with a technical problem, perform the following steps:
1.
Complete the procedures in "Troubleshooting Your System."
2.
Run the system diagnostics and record any information provided.
3.
Make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist, and fill it out.
4.
Use Dell's extensive suite of online services available at Dell Support at support.dell.com for help with installation and troubleshooting procedures.
For more information, see "Online Services."
5.
If the preceding steps have not resolved the problem, call Dell for technical assistance.
NOTE: Call technical support from a phone near or at the system so that technical support can assist you with any necessary procedures.
NOTE: Dell's Express Service Code system may not be available in all countries.
When prompted by Dell's automated telephone system, enter your Express Service Code to route the call directly to the proper support personnel. If
you do not have an Express Service Code, open the Dell Accessories folder, double-click the Express Service Code icon, and follow the directions.
For instructions on using the technical support service, see "Technical Support Service" and "Before You Call."
NOTE: Some of the following services are not always available in all locations outside the continental U.S. Call your local Dell representative for
information on availability.
Online Services
You can access Dell Support at support.dell.com. Select your region on the WELCOME TO DELL SUPPORT page, and fill in the requested details to access
help tools and information.
You can contact Dell electronically using the following addresses:
l
World Wide Web
www.dell.com/
www.dell.com/ap/ (Asian/Pacific countries only)
www.euro.dell.com (Europe only)
www.dell.com/la (Latin American countries)
www.dell.ca (Canada only)
l
Anonymous file transfer protocol (FTP)
ftp.dell.com/
Log in as user:anonymous, and use your e-mail address as your password.
l
Electronic Support Service
support@us.dell.com
apsupport@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only)
support.euro.dell.com (Europe only)
l
Electronic Quote Service
sales@dell.com
apmarketing@dell.com (Asian/Pacific countries only)
sales_canada@dell.com (Canada only)
l
Electronic Information Service
info@dell.com
AutoTech Service
Dell's automated technical support service—AutoTech—provides recorded answers to the questions most frequently asked by Dell customers about their
portable and desktop computer systems.
When you call AutoTech, use your touch-tone telephone to select the subjects that correspond to your questions.
The AutoTech service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. You can also access this service through the technical support service. See the contact
information for your region.
Automated Order-Status Service
To check on the status of any Dell™ products that you have ordered, you can go to support.dell.com, or you can call the automated order-status service. A
recording prompts you for the information needed to locate and report on your order. See the contact information for your region.
Technical Support Service
Dell's technical support service is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to answer your questions about Dell hardware. Our technical support staff use computer-based diagnostics to provide fast, accurate answers.
To contact Dell's technical support service, see "Before You Call" and then see the contact information for your region.
Dell Enterprise Training and Certification
Dell Enterprise Training and Certification is available; see www.dell.com/training for more information. This service may not be offered in all locations.
Problems With Your Order
If you have a problem with your order, such as missing parts, wrong parts, or incorrect billing, contact Dell for customer assistance. Have your invoice or
packing slip available when you call. See the contact information for your region.
Product Information
If you need information about additional products available from Dell, or if you would like to place an order, visit the Dell website at www.dell.com. For the
telephone number to call to speak to a sales specialist, see the contact information for your region.
Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit
Prepare all items being returned, whether for repair or credit, as follows:
1.
Call Dell to obtain a Return Material Authorization Number, and write it clearly and prominently on the outside of the box.
For the telephone number to call, see the contact information for your region.
2.
Include a copy of the invoice and a letter describing the reason for the return.
3.
Include a copy of any diagnostic information (including the Diagnostics Checklist) indicating the tests you have run and any error messages reported by
the system diagnostics.
4.
Include any accessories that belong with the item(s) being returned (such as power cables, media such as CDs and diskettes, and guides) if the return
is for credit.
5.
Pack the equipment to be returned in the original (or equivalent) packing materials.
You are responsible for paying shipping expenses. You are also responsible for insuring any product returned, and you assume the risk of loss during
shipment to Dell. Collect-on-delivery (C.O.D.) packages are not accepted.
Returns that are missing any of the preceding requirements will be refused at our receiving dock and returned to you.
Before You Call
NOTE: Have your Express Service Code ready when you call. The code helps Dell's automated-support telephone system direct your call more efficiently.
Remember to fill out the Diagnostics Checklist. If possible, turn on your system before you call Dell for technical assistance and call from a telephone at or near
the computer. You may be asked to type some commands at the keyboard, relay detailed information during operations, or try other troubleshooting steps
possible only at the computer system itself. Ensure that the system documentation is available.
CAUTION: Before servicing any components inside your computer, see your System Information Guide for important safety information.
Diagnostics Checklist
Name:
Date:
Address:
Phone number:
Service Tag (bar code on the back of the computer):
Express Service Code:
Return Material Authorization Number (if provided by Dell support technician):
Operating system and version:
Peripherals:
Expansion cards:
Are you connected to a network? Yes No
Network, version, and network card:
Programs and versions:
See your operating system documentation to determine the contents of the system's start-up files. If possible, print each file. Otherwise, record the
contents of each file before calling Dell.
Error message, beep code, or diagnostic code:
Description of problem and troubleshooting procedures you performed:
Contacting Dell
To contact Dell electronically, you can access the following websites:
l
www.dell.com
l
support.dell.com (technical support)
l
premiersupport.dell.com (technical support for educational, government, healthcare, and medium/large business customers, including Premier,
Platinum, and Gold customers)
For specific web addresses for your country, find the appropriate country section in the table below.
NOTE: Toll-free numbers are for use within the country for which they are listed.
When you need to contact Dell, use the electronic addresses, telephone numbers, and codes provided in the following table. If you need assistance in
determining which codes to use, contact a local or an international operator.
Country (City)
International Access Code
Country Code
City Code
Department Name or Service Area,
Website and E-Mail Address
Area Codes,
Local Numbers, and
Toll-Free Numbers
Anguilla
General Support
toll-free: 800-335-0031
Antigua and Barbuda
General Support
1-800-805-5924
Argentina (Buenos Aires)
Website: www.dell.com.ar
International Access Code: 00
Tech Support and Customer Care
Sales
Country Code: 54
Tech Support Fax
City Code: 11
Customer Care Fax
Aruba
General Support
toll-free: 0-800-444-0733
0-810-444-3355
11 4515 7139
11 4515 7138
toll-free: 800-1578
Australia (Sydney)
International Access Code:
0011
Country Code: 61
City Code: 2
Austria (Vienna)
International Access Code:
900
Country Code: 43
City Code: 1
E-mail (Australia): au_tech_support@dell.com
E-mail (New Zealand): nz_tech_support@dell.com
Home and Small Business
1-300-65-55-33
Government and Business
toll-free: 1-800-633-559
Preferred Accounts Division (PAD)
toll-free: 1-800-060-889
Customer Care
toll-free: 1-800-819-339
Corporate Sales
toll-free: 1-800-808-385
Transaction Sales
toll-free: 1-800-808-312
Fax
toll-free: 1-800-818-341
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: tech_support_central_europe@dell.com
Home/Small Business Sales
0820 240 530 00
Home/Small Business Fax
0820 240 530 49
Home/Small Business Customer Care
0820 240 530 14
Preferred Accounts/Corporate Customer Care
0820 240 530 16
Home/Small Business Technical Support
0820 240 530 14
Preferred Accounts/Corporate Technical Support
Switchboard
0660 8779
0820 240 530 00
Bahamas
General Support
toll-free: 1-866-278-6818
Barbados
General Support
1-800-534-3066
Belgium (Brussels)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: tech_be@dell.com
E-mail for French Speaking Customers:
support.euro.dell.com/be/fr/emaildell/
International Access Code: 00
Country Code: 32
City Code: 2
Technical Support
02 481 92 88
Customer Care
02 481 91 19
Corporate Sales
02 481 91 00
Fax
02 481 92 99
Switchboard
02 481 91 00
Bermuda
General Support
1-800-342-0671
Bolivia
General Support
toll-free: 800-10-0238
Brazil
Website: www.dell.com/br
International Access Code: 00
Customer Support, Technical Support
Tech Support Fax
Country Code: 55
Customer Care Fax
0800 90 3355
51 481 5470
51 481 5480
City Code: 51
Sales
British Virgin Islands
General Support
Brunei
Customer Technical Support (Penang, Malaysia)
604 633 4966
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia)
604 633 4949
Transaction Sales (Penang, Malaysia)
604 633 4955
Country Code: 673
Canada (North York, Ontario) Online Order Status: www.dell.ca/ostatus
International Access Code:
011
0800 90 3390
toll-free: 1-866-278-6820
AutoTech (automated technical support)
toll-free: 1-800-247-9362
TechFax
toll-free: 1-800-950-1329
Customer Care (Home Sales/Small Business)
toll-free: 1-800-847-4096
Customer Care (med./large business, government)
toll-free: 1-800-326-9463
Technical Support (Home Sales/Small Business)
toll-free: 1-800-847-4096
Technical Support (med./large bus., government)
toll-free: 1-800-387-5757
Sales (Home Sales/Small Business)
toll-free: 1-800-387-5752
Sales (med./large bus., government)
toll-free: 1-800-387-5755
Spare Parts Sales & Extended Service Sales
1 866 440 3355
Cayman Islands
General Support
1-800-805-7541
Chile (Santiago)
Sales, Customer Support, and Technical Support
toll-free: 1230-020-4823
Country Code: 56
City Code: 2
China (Xiamen)
Country Code: 86
Tech Support website: support.ap.dell.com/china
Tech Support E-mail: cn_support@dell.com
Tech Support Fax
City Code: 592
818 1350
Home and Small Business Technical Support
toll-free: 800 858 2437
Corporate Accounts Technical Support
toll-free: 800 858 2333
Customer Experience
toll-free: 800 858 2060
Home and Small Business
toll-free: 800 858 2222
Preferred Accounts Division
toll-free: 800 858 2062
Large Corporate Accounts GCP
toll-free: 800 858 2055 Large Corporate Accounts Key Accounts
toll-free: 800 858 2628 Large Corporate Accounts North
toll-free: 800 858 2999
Large Corporate Accounts North Government and Education
toll-free: 800 858 2955
Large Corporate Accounts East
toll-free: 800 858 2020
Large Corporate Accounts East Government and Education
toll-free: 800 858 2669
Large Corporate Accounts Queue Team
toll-free: 800 858 2572
Large Corporate Accounts South
toll-free: 800 858 2355
Large Corporate Accounts West
toll-free: 800 858 2811 Large Corporate Accounts Spare Parts
toll-free: 800 858 2621
Colombia
General Support
980-9-15-3978
Costa Rica
General Support
0800-012-0435
Czech Republic (Prague)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
International Access Code: 00
E-mail: czech_dell@dell.com
Technical Support
02 2186 27 27
Country Code: 420
Customer Care
02 2186 27 11
City Code: 2
Fax
02 2186 27 14
TechFax
02 2186 27 28
Switchboard
02 2186 27 11
Denmark (Copenhagen)
International Access Code: 00
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail Support (portable computers): den_nbk_support@dell.com
E-mail Support (desktop computers): den_support@dell.com
Country Code: 45
E-mail Support (servers): Nordic_server_support@dell.com
Technical Support
7023 0182
Customer Care (Relational)
7023 0184
Home/Small Business Customer Care
3287 5505
Switchboard (Relational)
3287 1200
Fax Switchboard (Relational)
3287 1201
Switchboard (Home/Small Business)
3287 5000
Fax Switchboard (Home/Small Business)
3287 5001
Dominica
General Support
Dominican Republic
General Support
1-800-148-0530
Ecuador
General Support
toll-free: 999-119
El Salvador
General Support
01-899-753-0777
Finland (Helsinki)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
International Access Code:
990
Country Code: 358
City Code: 9
France (Paris) (Montpellier)
International Access Code: 00
E-mail: fin_support@dell.com
E-mail Support (servers): Nordic_support@dell.com
toll-free: 1-866-278-6821
Technical Support
09 253 313 60
Technical Support Fax
09 253 313 81
Relational Customer Care
09 253 313 38
Home/Small Business Customer Care
09 693 791 94
Fax
09 253 313 99
Switchboard
09 253 313 00
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: support.euro.dell.com/fr/fr/emaildell/
Home and Small Business
Country Code: 33
Technical Support
0825 387 270
City Codes: (1) (4)
Customer Care
0825 823 833
Switchboard
Switchboard (calls from outside of France)
Sales
Fax
Fax (calls from outside of France)
Corporate
0825 004 700
04 99 75 40 00
0825 004 700
0825 004 701
04 99 75 40 01
Technical Support
0825 004 719
Customer Care
0825 338 339
Germany (Langen)
International Access Code: 00
Switchboard
01 55 94 71 00
Sales
01 55 94 71 00
Fax
01 55 94 71 01
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: tech_support_central_europe@dell.com
Technical Support
06103 766-7200
Country Code: 49
Home/Small Business Customer Care
City Code: 6103
Global Segment Customer Care
06103 766-9570
Preferred Accounts Customer Care
06103 766-9420
Large Accounts Customer Care
06103 766-9560
Public Accounts Customer Care
06103 766-9555
Switchboard
06103 766-7000
Greece
International Access Code: 00
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: support.euro.dell.com/gr/en/emaildell/
Technical Support
Country Code: 30
Gold Technical Support
0180-5-224400
080044149518
08844140083
Switchboard
2108129800
Sales
2108129800
Fax
2108129812
Grenada
General Support
Guatemala
General Support
1-800-999-0136
Guyana
General Support
toll-free: 1-877-270-4609
Hong Kong
Website: support.ap.dell.com
International Access Code:
001
Country Code: 852
E-mail: ap_support@dell.com
Technical Support (Dimension™ and Inspiron™)
Technical Support (OptiPlex™, Latitude™, and Dell Precision™)
Customer Service (non-technical, post-sales issues)
India
Ireland (Cherrywood)
International Access Code: 16
296 93188
296 93191
800 93 8291
toll-free: 800 96 4109
Large Corporate Accounts HK
toll-free: 800 96 4108
Large Corporate Accounts GCP HK
toll-free: 800 90 3708
Technical Support
1600 33 8045
Sales
1600 33 8044
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: dell_direct_support@dell.com
Country Code: 353
U.K. Technical Support (dial within U.K. only)
City Code: 1
Home User Customer Care
Small Business Customer Care
U.K. Customer Care (dial within U.K. only)
Corporate Customer Care
Corporate Customer Care (dial within U.K. only)
Ireland Sales
U.K. Sales (dial within U.K. only)
International Access Code: 00
Transaction Sales
Ireland Technical Support
Italy (Milan)
toll-free: 1-866-540-3355
1850 543 543
0870 908 0800
01 204 4014
01 204 4014
0870 906 0010
1850 200 982
0870 907 4499
01 204 4444
0870 907 4000
Fax/SalesFax
01 204 0103
Switchboard
01 204 4444
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: support.euro.dell.com/it/it/emaildell/
Home and Small Business
Country Code: 39
Technical Support
02 577 826 90
City Code: 02
Customer Care
02 696 821 14
Fax
02 696 821 13
Switchboard
02 696 821 12
Corporate
Technical Support
02 577 826 90
Customer Care
02 577 825 55
Fax
02 575 035 30
Switchboard
Jamaica
General Support (dial from within Jamaica only)
Japan (Kawasaki)
Website: support.jp.dell.com
02 577 821 1-800-682-3639
International Access Code:
001
Country Code: 81
Technical Support (servers)
Technical Support outside of Japan (servers)
Technical Support (Dimension™ and Inspiron™)
Technical Support outside of Japan (Dimension and Inspiron)
City Code: 44
Technical Support (Dell Precision™, OptiPlex™, and Latitude™)
Technical Support outside of Japan (Dell Precision, OptiPlex, and Latitude)
International Access Code:
001
Country Code: 82
Latin America
81-44-520-1435
toll-free:0120-198-433
81-44-556-3894
044-556-3490
24-Hour Automated Order Service
044-556-3801
Customer Care
044-556-4240
Business Sales Division (up to 400 employees)
044-556-1465
Preferred Accounts Division Sales (over 400 employees)
044-556-3433
Large Corporate Accounts Sales (over 3500 employees)
044-556-3430
Public Sales (government agencies, educational institutions, and medical
institutions)
044-556-1469
Global Segment Japan
044-556-3469
Individual User
044-556-1760
044-556-4300
Technical Support
toll-free: 080-200-3800
Sales
toll-free: 080-200-3600
Customer Service (Seoul, Korea)
toll-free: 080-200-3800
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia)
Fax
City Code: 2
81-44-556-4162
toll-free: 0120-198-226
Faxbox Service
Switchboard
Korea (Seoul)
toll-free: 0120-198-498
Switchboard
604 633 4949
2194-6202
2194-6000
Customer Technical Support (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.)
512 728-4093
Customer Service (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.)
512 728-3619
Fax (Technical Support and Customer Service) (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.)
512 728-3883
Sales (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.)
512 728-4397
SalesFax (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.)
512 728-4600
or 512 728-3772
Luxembourg
International Access Code: 00
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: tech_be@dell.com
Technical Support (Brussels, Belgium)
Country Code: 352
Home/Small Business Sales (Brussels, Belgium)
Country Code: 853
3420808075
toll-free: 080016884
Corporate Sales (Brussels, Belgium)
02 481 91 00
Customer Care (Brussels, Belgium)
02 481 91 19
Fax (Brussels, Belgium)
02 481 92 99
Switchboard (Brussels, Belgium)
Macao
Technical Support
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia)
02 481 91 00
toll-free: 0800 582
604 633 4949
Transaction Sales
toll-free: 0800 581
Malaysia (Penang)
Technical Support
toll-free: 1 800 888 298
International Access Code: 00
Customer Service
04 633 4949
Country Code: 60
Transaction Sales
toll-free: 1 800 888 202
City Code: 4
Corporate Sales
toll-free: 1 800 888 213
Mexico
Customer Technical Support
International Access Code: 00
Country Code: 52
001-877-384-8979
or 001-877-269-3383
Sales
50-81-8800
or 01-800-888-3355
Customer Service
001-877-384-8979
or 001-877-269-3383
Main
50-81-8800
or 01-800-888-3355
Montserrat
General Support
toll-free: 1-866-278-6822
Netherlands Antilles
General Support
001-800-882-1519
Netherlands (Amsterdam)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
International Access Code: 00
E-mail (Technical Support):
Country Code: 31
(Enterprise): nl_server_support@dell.com
City Code: 20
(Latitude): nl_latitude_support@dell.com
(Inspiron): nl_inspiron_support@dell.com
(Dimension): nl_dimension_support@dell.com
(OptiPlex): nl_optiplex_support@dell.com
(Dell Precision): nl_workstation_support@dell.com
New Zealand
International Access Code: 00
Country Code: 64
Technical Support
020 674 45 00
Technical Support Fax
020 674 47 66
Home/Small Business Customer Care
020 674 42 00
Relational Customer Care
020 674 4325
Home/Small Business Sales
020 674 55 00
Relational Sales
020 674 50 00
Home/Small Business Sales Fax
020 674 47 75
Relational Sales Fax
020 674 47 50
Switchboard
020 674 50 00
Switchboard Fax
020 674 47 50
E-mail (New Zealand): nz_tech_support@dell.com
E-mail (Australia): au_tech_support@dell.com
Home and Small Business
0800 446 255
Government and Business
0800 444 617
Sales
0800 441 567
Fax
0800 441 566
Nicaragua
General Support
Norway (Lysaker)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail Support (portable computers):
International Access Code: 00
Country Code: 47
001-800-220-1006
nor_nbk_support@dell.com
E-mail Support (desktop computers):
nor_support@dell.com
E-mail Support (servers):
nordic_server_support@dell.com
Technical Support
671 16882
Relational Customer Care
671 17514
Home/Small Business Customer Care
Switchboard
23162298
671 16800
Fax Switchboard
671 16865
Panama
General Support
001-800-507-0962
Peru
General Support
0800-50-669
Poland (Warsaw)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
International Access Code:
011
Country Code: 48
City Code: 22
Portugal
International Access Code: 00
E-mail: pl_support@dell.com
Customer Service Phone
Customer Care
57 95 700
57 95 999
Sales
57 95 999
Customer Service Fax
57 95 806
Reception Desk Fax
57 95 998
Switchboard
57 95 999
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: support.euro.dell.com/pt/en/emaildell/
Technical Support
707200149
Country Code: 351
Customer Care
Sales
Fax
Puerto Rico
General Support
1-800-805-7545
St. Kitts and Nevis
General Support
toll-free: 1-877-441-4731
St. Lucia
General Support
1-800-882-1521
St. Vincent and the
General Support
toll-free: 1-877-270-4609
800 300 413
800 300 410 or 800 300 411 or 800 300 412 or 21 422 07 10
21 424 01 12
Grenadines
Singapore (Singapore)
International Access Code:
005
Technical Support
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia)
toll-free: 800 6011 051
604 633 4949
Transaction Sales
toll-free: 800 6011 054
Country Code: 65
Corporate Sales
toll-free: 800 6011 053
South Africa (Johannesburg)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
International Access Code:
E-mail: dell_za_support@dell.com
Technical Support
011 709 7710
09/091
Customer Care
011 709 7707
Country Code: 27
Sales
011 709 7700
Fax
011 706 0495
Switchboard
011 709 7700
Southeast Asian and Pacific
Countries
Customer Technical Support, Customer Service, and Sales (Penang,
Malaysia)
604 633 4810
Spain (Madrid)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
City Code: 11
International Access Code: 00
E-mail: support.euro.dell.com/es/es/emaildell/
Home and Small Business
Country Code: 34
Technical Support
902 100 130
City Code: 91
Customer Care
902 118 540
Sales
902 118 541
Switchboard
902 118 541
Fax
902 118 539
Corporate
Technical Support
Customer Care
Sweden (Upplands Vasby)
International Access Code: 00
Country Code: 46
City Code: 8
International Access Code: 00
Country Code: 41
City Code: 22
91 722 92 00
Fax
91 722 95 83
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: swe_support@dell.com
E-mail Support for Latitude and Inspiron:
Swe-nbk_kats@dell.com
E-mail Support for OptiPlex: Swe_kats@dell.com
E-mail Support for Servers: Nordic_server_support@dell.com
08 590 05 199
Relational Customer Care
08 590 05 642
Home/Small Business Customer Care
08 587 70 527
20 140 14 44
Fax Technical Support
08 590 05 594
Sales
08 590 05 185
Website: support.euro.dell.com
E-mail: swisstech@dell.com
E-mail for French-speaking HSB and Corporate Customers:
support.euro.dell.com/ch/fr/emaildell/
Technical Support (Home and Small Business)
0844 811 411
Technical Support (Corporate)
0844 822 844
Customer Care (Home and Small Business)
0848 802 202
Fax
Switchboard
International Access Code:
002
Technical Support
Customer Care (Corporate)
Taiwan
902 118 546
Switchboard
Employee Purchase Program (EPP) Support
Switzerland (Geneva)
902 100 130
Technical Support (portable and desktop computers)
0848 821 721
022 799 01 90
022 799 01 01
toll-free: 00801 86 1011
Technical Support (servers)
toll-free: 0080 60 1256
Transaction Sales
toll-free: 0080 651 228
Corporate Sales
toll-free: 0080 651 227
Country Code: 886
or 0800 33 556
or 0800 33 555
Thailand
Technical Support
International Access Code:
001
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia)
Country Code: 66
Sales
toll-free: 0880 060 07
604 633 4949
toll-free: 0880 060 09
Trinidad/Tobago
General Support
1-800-805-8035
Turks and Caicos Islands
General Support
toll-free: 1-866-540-3355
U.K. (Bracknell)
Website: support.euro.dell.com
International Access Code: 00
Country Code: 44
E-mail: dell_direct_support@dell.com
City Code: 1344
Customer Care website: support.euro.dell.com/uk/en/ECare/Form/Home.asp
Technical Support (Corporate/Preferred Accounts/PAD [1000+ employees])
0870 908 0500
Technical Support (direct/PAD and general)
0870 908 0800
Global Accounts Customer Care
01344 373 186
Home and Small Business Customer Care
0870 906 0010
Corporate Customer Care
01344 373 185
Preferred Accounts (500–5000 employees) Customer Care
0870 906 0010
Central Government Customer Care
01344 373 193
Local Government & Education Customer Care
01344 373 199
Health Customer Care
01344 373 194
Home and Small Business Sales
0870 907 4000
Corporate/Public Sector Sales
01344 860 456
Uruguay
General Support
U.S.A. (Austin, Texas)
Automated Order-Status Service
toll-free: 1-800-433-9014
AutoTech (portable and desktop computers)
toll-free: 1-800-247-9362
International Access Code:
011
Country Code: 1
toll-free: 000-413-598-2521
Consumer (Home and Home Office) Technical Support
toll-free: 1-800-624-9896
Customer Service
toll-free: 1-800-624-9897
DellNet™ Service and Support
toll-free: 1-877-Dellnet
(1-877-335-5638)
Employee Purchase Program (EPP) Customers
toll-free: 1-800-695-8133
Financial Services website: www.dellfinancialservices.com Financial Services (lease/loans)
toll-free: 1-877-577-3355
Financial Services (Dell Preferred Accounts [DPA])
toll-free: 1-800-283-2210
Business Customer Service and Technical Support
toll-free: 1-800-822-8965
Employee Purchase Program (EPP) Customers
toll-free: 1-800-695-8133
Projectors Technical Support
toll-free: 1-877-459-7298
Public (government, education, and healthcare) Customer Service and Technical Support
toll-free: 1-800-456-3355
Employee Purchase Program (EPP) Customers
toll-free: 1-800-234-1490
Dell Sales
toll-free: 1-800-289-3355
or toll-free: 1-800-879-3355
Dell Outlet Store (Dell refurbished computers)
toll-free: 1-888-798-7561
Software and Peripherals Sales
toll-free: 1-800-671-3355
Spare Parts Sales
toll-free: 1-800-357-3355
Extended Service and Warranty Sales
toll-free: 1-800-247-4618
Fax
toll-free: 1-800-727-8320
Dell Services for the Deaf, Hard-of-Hearing, or Speech-Impaired
toll-free: 1-877-DELLTTY
(1-877-335-5889)
U.S. Virgin Islands
General Support
1-877-673-3355
Venezuela
General Support
8001-3605
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