Dell 3000 Laptop User Manual

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_____________________
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
 1994–1997 Dell Computer Corporation. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Computer Corporation is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and Dell Dimension are registered trademarks, DellWare is a registered service mark, and Inspiron
is a trademark of Dell Computer Corporation; Microsoft, MS-DOS, and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation; Intel and
Pentium are registered trademarks and MMX is a trademark of Intel Corporation; CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe, Inc.; Lotus
is a registered trademark of Lotus Development Corporation.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell
Computer Corporation disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
November 1997
P/N 55899
Rev. A01
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Safety Instructions
U
se the following safety guidelines to help protect
your computer from potential damage and to help ensure
•
Protect your computer, battery, and hard-disk drive
from environmental hazards such as dirt, dust, food,
liquids, temperature extremes, and overexposure to
sunlight.
•
When you move your computer between environments with very different temperature and/or
humidity ranges, condensation may form on or
within the computer. To avoid damaging the computer, allow sufficient time for the moisture to
evaporate before using the computer.
your own personal safety.
When Using Your Computer
As you use your computer, observe the following safety
guidelines:
•
When setting up the computer for work, place it on a
level surface.
•
When traveling, do not check the computer as baggage. You can put your computer through an X-ray
security machine, but never put your computer
through a metal detector. If you have the computer
checked by hand, be sure to have a charged battery
available in case you are asked to turn on the
computer.
•
When traveling with the hard-disk drive removed
from the computer, wrap the drive in a nonconducting
material, such as cloth or paper. If you have the drive
checked by hand, be ready to install the drive in the
computer. You can put the hard-disk drive through an
X-ray security machine, but never put the drive
through a metal detector.
•
When traveling, do not place the computer in overhead storage compartments where it could slide
around. Do not drop your computer or subject it to
other mechanical shocks.
•
Do not carry a battery in your pocket, purse, or other
container where metal objects (such as car keys)
could short-circuit the battery terminals. The resulting excessive current flow can cause extremely high
temperatures and may result in damage from burns.
CAUTION: When taking the computer from
low-temperature conditions into a warmer
environment or from high-temperature conditions into a cooler environment, allow the
computer to acclimate to room temperature
before turning on power.
•
If using alternating current (AC) power, plug the AC
adapter power cable into a properly grounded power
source. Be sure that nothing rests on your adapter’s
power cable and that the cable is not located where it
can be tripped over or stepped on.
•
When you disconnect a cable, pull on its connector
or on its strain-relief loop, not on the cable itself. As
you pull out the connector, keep it evenly aligned to
avoid bending any connector pins. Also, before you
connect a cable make sure both connectors are correctly oriented and aligned.
•
Do not attempt to service the computer yourself.
Always follow installation instructions closely.
•
Handle components with care. Hold a component
such as a memory module by its edges, not its pins.
•
When removing a memory module from the system
board or disconnecting a peripheral device from the
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computer, wait 5 seconds after turning off the computer before removing the memory module or
disconnecting the device to help avoid possible damage to the system board.
•
Before you clean your computer, turn it off, unplug it
from its power source, and remove the battery.
•
Clean your computer with a soft cloth dampened
with water rather than with liquid or aerosol
cleaners.
Clean the display with a soft, clean cloth and commercial window cleaner that does not contain wax or
abrasives. Apply the cleaner to the cloth; then stroke
the cloth across the display in one direction, moving
from the top of the display to the bottom. If the display contains grease or some other contaminant, use
isopropyl alcohol instead of commercial window
cleaner.
•
If your computer gets wet or is damaged, follow the
procedures described in Chapter 3, “Troubleshooting
Your Computer.” If, after following these procedures,
you confirm that your computer is not operating properly, contact Dell Computer Corporation. (See
Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for the appropriate telephone number.)
Ergonomic Computing Habits
WARNING: Improper or prolonged keyboard use
may result in injury.
For comfort and efficiency, observe the following ergonomic guidelines when setting up and using your
computer:
•
Position your computer directly in front of you as
you work.
•
Adjust the tilt of the computer’s display, its contrast
and/or brightness settings, and the lighting around
you (such as overhead lights, desk lamps, and the
curtains or blinds on nearby windows) to minimize
reflections and glare on the display.
vi
•
When using an external monitor with your computer,
set the monitor at a comfortable viewing distance
(usually 510 to 610 millimeters [20 to 24 inches]
from your eyes). Make sure the monitor screen is at
eye level or slightly lower when you are sitting in
front of the monitor.
•
•
Use a chair that provides good lower-back support.
•
Always use the palmrest with the keyboard, touch
pad, or trackball. Leave space to rest your hands
when using an external mouse.
•
•
Let your upper arms hang naturally at your sides.
•
When sitting, make sure the weight of your legs is on
your feet and not on the front of your chair seat.
Adjust your chair’s height or use a footrest, if necessary, to maintain proper posture.
•
Vary your work activities. Try to organize your work
so that you do not have to type for extended periods
of time. When you stop typing, try to do things that
use both hands.
Keep your forearms horizontal with your wrists in a
neutral, comfortable position while using the keyboard, trackball, touch pad, or external mouse.
Sit erect with your feet resting on the floor and your
thighs level.
When Removing or Installing
Memory Modules
Before removing or installing memory modules, perform
the following steps in the sequence indicated.
CAUTION: The only time you should ever access
the inside of your computer is when you are installing memory modules.
Wait 5 seconds after turning off the computer
before disconnecting a peripheral device or removing a memory module to help prevent possible
damage to the system board.
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computer positioned
directly in front of user
wrists relaxed and flat
arms at desk level
1.
Turn off your computer and any attached
peripherals.
2.
Disconnect your computer and peripherals from
AC power to reduce the potential for personal
injury or shock. Also, disconnect any telephone or
telecommunication lines from the computer.
3.
Remove the main battery from the battery compartment and, if necessary, the secondary battery
from the options bay.
4.
Ground yourself by touching the unpainted metal
surface of the I/O panel on the back of the
computer.
While you work, periodically touch the I/O panel to
dissipate any static electricity that might harm
internal components.
Protecting Against Electrostatic
Discharge
Static electricity can harm electronic components inside
your computer. To prevent static damage, discharge static
electricity from your body before you touch any of your
computer’s electronic components, such as a memory
module. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal
surface on the computer’s I/O panel.
As you continue to work inside the computer, periodically touch an I/O connector to remove any static charge
your body may have accumulated.
You can also take the following steps to prevent damage
from electrostatic discharge (ESD):
•
When unpacking a static-sensitive component from
its shipping carton, do not remove the component
from the antistatic packing material until you are
ready to install the component. Just before unwrapping the antistatic packaging, be sure to discharge
static electricity from your body.
•
When transporting a sensitive component, first place
it in an antistatic container or packaging.
•
Handle all sensitive components in a static-safe area.
If possible, use antistatic floor pads and workbench
pads.
The following caution may appear throughout this document to remind you of these precautions:
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic
Discharge” in the safety instructions at the front of
this guide.
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Preface
About This Guide
This guide is intended for anyone who uses the Dell
Inspiron 3000 portable computer. It can be used by both
first-time and experienced computer users who want to
learn about the features of the computer. This guide also
provides basic troubleshooting procedures and instructions for using the Dell Diagnostics to test your computer
and its components.
•
Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” describes the help tools
Dell provides to assist you if you have a problem
with the computer. It also explains how and when to
call Dell for technical assistance.
•
Appendix A, “Technical Specifications,” is intended
primarily as reference material if you are interested
in learning more about the details of your computer.
•
Appendix B, “Diagnostic Video Tests,” provides
samples of screens displayed when you run the
Video Test Group of the Dell Diagnostics. These
screens help you check a particular video function or
group of functions on the built-in display or on an
external monitor.
Summaries of the chapters and appendixes of this guide
follow:
•
Read Chapter 1, “Introduction,” for an overview of
the computer features and a list of available
upgrades.
•
•
Read Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features,” to
learn how to access the Setup program, which allows
you to change system settings, such as your computer’s power conservation features.
Appendix C, “Regulatory Notices,” is for users who
are interested in which regulatory agencies have
tested and approved the Dell Inspiron 3000 portable
computer.
•
•
Read Chapter 3, “Troubleshooting Your Computer,”
for some initial checks and procedures that can be
used to solve basic computer problems and for some
general guidelines on analyzing software problems.
This chapter also discusses messages and beep
codes.
Appendix D, “Warranties and Return Policy,”
describes the warranty and return policy for your
Dell computer.
Warranty and Return Policy
•
Read Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for
hardware-related problems. The Dell Diagnostics
checks your computer’s hardware and isolates
component problems.
Information
Dell Computer Corporation (“Dell”) manufactures its
hardware products from parts and components that are
new or equivalent to new in accordance with industrystandard practices.
For information about the Dell warranty and return policy, see Appendix D, “Warranties and Return Policy.”
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Other Documents You May Need
Notational Conventions
Besides this Reference and Troubleshooting Guide, the following online documentation is included with your
computer:
The following subsections list notational conventions
used in this document.
The Windows-based System User’s Guide contains essential information you need to use
your portable computer. Look for the System
User’s Guide icon in the Dell Accessories folder.
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
Throughout this guide, there may be blocks of text
printed in color or in italic type. These blocks are warnings, cautions, and notes, and they are used as follows:
The Dell Program Diskette Maker helps you
with one of the most critical parts of setting up
your system—creating program diskette sets.
Look for the Dell Program Diskette Maker icon in the
Dell Accessories folder.
WARNING: A WARNING indicates the potential
for bodily harm and tells you how to avoid the
problem.
The Dell Service and Support Policies provides
information about service and support policies,
guarantees, and warranties (in the United
States only). Look for the Dell Services and Support Policies icon in the Dell Accessories folder.
You may also have one or more of the following
documents.
NOTE: Documentation updates are sometimes included
with your computer to describe changes to your computer or software. Always read these updates before
consulting any other documentation because the updates
contain the latest information.
•
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates either potential
damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you
how to avoid the problem.
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that
helps you make better use of your computer.
Typographical Conventions
The following list defines (where appropriate) and illustrates typographical conventions used as visual cues for
specific elements of text throughout this document:
The Dell-Installed Microsoft Windows 95 Setup
Guide, which describes how to set up the Microsoft
Windows 95 operating system on your Dell
computer.
•
•
Microsoft Windows 95 operating system documentation is included if you ordered your operating system
from Dell. This documentation describes how to
configure and use your operating system software.
•
•
Documentation is included with any options you
purchase separately from your computer. This documentation includes information that you need to
configure and install these options in your Dell
computer.
•
•
x
“Readme” files may be installed on your hard-disk
drive to provide last-minute updates about technical
changes to your computer or advanced technical reference material intended for experienced users or
technicians.
Keycaps, the labeling that appears on the keys on a
keyboard, are enclosed in angle brackets.
Example: <Enter>
Key combinations are series of keys to be pressed
simultaneously (unless otherwise indicated) to perform a single function.
Example: <Ctrl><Alt><Enter>
Commands presented in lowercase bold are for reference purposes only and are not intended to be
typed at that particular point in the discussion.
Example: “Use the setup command to . . . .”
In contrast, commands presented in the Courier New
font are intended to be typed as part of an
instruction.
Example: “Type format to format the diskette in
drive A.”
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•
Filenames and directory names are presented in
lowercase bold.
•
Examples: autoexec.bat and c:\windows
•
Syntax lines consist of a command and all its possible parameters. Commands are displayed in
lowercase bold; variable parameters (those for which
you substitute a value) are displayed in lowercase
italics; constant parameters are displayed in lowercase bold. The brackets indicate items that are
optional.
Example: del [drive:] [[path]filename] [/p]
•
Command lines consist of a command and may
include one or more of the command’s possible
parameters. Command lines are presented in the
Courier New font.
Screen text is text that appears on the screen of your
display or external monitor. It can be a system message, for example, or it can be text that you are
instructed to type as part of a command (referred to
as a command line). Screen text is presented in the
Courier New font.
Example: The following message appears on your
screen:
No boot device available
•
Variables are symbols for which you substitute a
value. They are presented in italics.
Example: module n (where n represents the memory
module number)
Example: del c:\myfile.doc
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Contents
Chapter 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Hardware Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Software Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Using the Power Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Accessing Online Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Available Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Chapter 2
Customizing System Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
System Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Accessing the Setup Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Main Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
System Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
System Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Floppy Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Quiet Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Video Display Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Extended Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
System Devices Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
PS/2 Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
IDE Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
FDD Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
CD-ROM Drive Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Plug & Play O/S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
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Infrared Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Parallel Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Security Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
System Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Set System Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Password on Boot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Power Menu Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Power Management Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Smart CPU Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Standby Time-Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Suspend Time-Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Suspend Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Resume on Modem Ring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Resume on Time of Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Resume Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Boot Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Exit Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Save Changes and Exit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Discard Changes and Exit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Get Default Values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Load Previous Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Save Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Reinstalling Utilities and Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Reinstalling Video Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Reinstalling Touch Pad Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Reinstalling Audio Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Reinstalling the Soft Wavetable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Reinstalling Infrared Drivers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Creating the Save-to-Disk Suspend File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Reinstalling the System User’s Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Backing Up Your Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Look and Listen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xiv
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
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Messages and Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
System Beep Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Finding Software Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Installing and Configuring Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Start-Up Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Using Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Input Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Memory-Resident Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Program Conflicts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Avoiding Interrupt Assignment Conflicts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Troubleshooting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Troubleshooting a Wet Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Troubleshooting a Damaged Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Troubleshooting a Power Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Total Power Failure When Using the AC Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Total Power Failure When Using a Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
No Power to a Part of the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Troubleshooting the CD-ROM Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Troubleshooting the Hard-Disk Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Troubleshooting an External Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Troubleshooting Memory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Troubleshooting the Built-In Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Troubleshooting an External Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Troubleshooting the Serial and Parallel Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Troubleshooting the Basic I/O Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Troubleshooting a Parallel Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Troubleshooting the Infrared Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Troubleshooting the Touch Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Troubleshooting Audio Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Chapter 4
Running the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Features of the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
When to Use the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Before You Start Testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Starting the Dell Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
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Completing the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
How to Use the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Confirming the System Configuration Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
How to Use the Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Main Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Subtest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Run (Under Subtest). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Select (Under Subtest) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Options (Under Subtest). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Test Limits (Under Subtest) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
About (Under Subtest) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Key-Help (Under Subtest) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Quit Menu (Under Subtest) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Number of Times to Repeat Test(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Maximum Errors Allowed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Pause for User Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Output Device for Status Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Output Device for Error Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Test Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
About. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Key-Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Quit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Tests in the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
RAM Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Why Run a RAM Test?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
System Set Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Why Run a System Set Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Video Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Why Run a Video Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Keyboard Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Why Run a Keyboard Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
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Mouse Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Why Run the Mouse Test?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Diskette Drives Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Why Run a Diskette Drives Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI) Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Why Run a Hard-Disk Drives Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
IDE CD ROM Drives Test Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Why Run an IDE CD ROM Drives Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Why Run a Serial/Infrared Ports Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Parallel Ports Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Why Run a Parallel Ports Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Audio Test Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Why Run an Audio Test?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Subtests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Chapter 5
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Technical Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Help Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Dell Q&A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
System User’s Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Reference and Troubleshooting Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
World Wide Web on the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Commercial Online Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Dell Diagnostics Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
AutoTech Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
TechFax Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Automated Order-Status System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Technical Support Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Problems With Your Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Product Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
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Returning Items for Warranty Repair or Credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Before You Call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Dell Contact Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
Appendix A
Technical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Appendix B
Diagnostic Video Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Video Memory Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Video Hardware Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Text Mode Character Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Character Attributes Subtest (80 x 25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
Character Set Subtest (80 x 25). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
Character Attributes Subtest (40 x 25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
Character Set Subtest (40 x 25). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
Text Mode Color Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
Color Attributes Subtest (80 x 25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
Color Attributes Subtest (40 x 25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
Color Bars Subtest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
Text Mode Pages Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
Graphics Mode Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
320 x 200 Graphics Mode Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
320 x 200 16-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
640 x 200 16-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
640 x 350 16-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
640 x 480 2-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
640 x 480 16-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
320 x 200 256-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
640 x 480 256-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
800 x 600 16-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
800 x 600 256-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
1024 x 768 16-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
1024 x 768 256-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
Color Palettes Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
Solid Colors Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-6
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Appendix C
Regulatory Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
FCC Class B Notice (U.S. Only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-1
Modem Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
Type of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
Telephone Company Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
If Problems Arise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
Installation and Labeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
Load Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
IC Notice (Canada Only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
Canadian Modem Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-3
EN 55022 Compliance (Czech Republic Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-3
CE Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-3
VCCI Notices (Japan Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-4
Class A ITE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-4
Class B ITE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-4
Korean Regulatory Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-4
Class A Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-4
Class B Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-4
Polish Center for Testing and Certification Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-5
8ZNBHBOJB1PMTLJFHP$FOUSVN#BEBËJ$FSUZGJLBDKJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-5
1P[PTUBFJOTUSVLDKFCF[QJFD[FËTUXB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-5
NOM 024 Information (Mexico Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-6
Información para NOM 024 (únicamente para México). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-6
Appendix D
Warranties and Return Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
Limited One-Year Warranty(U.S. and Canada Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-1
Limited Three-Year Warranty (U.S. and Canada Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-2
Coverage During Year One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-2
Coverage During Years Two and Three . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-3
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-3
“Total Satisfaction” Return Policy (U.S. and Canada Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-4
Index
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Figures
Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-2.
Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-2.
Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-6.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-4.
Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-2.
Figure 5-1.
Figure B-1.
Figure B-2.
Figure B-3.
Front View of the Portable Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Back View of the Portable Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Main Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
System Devices Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Security Menu of Setup Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Power Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Boot Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Exit Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
AC Adapter and Power Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Checking the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Checking an Optional Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
I/O Panel Connectors for External Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Diagnostics Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Main Screen of the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Diagnostics Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
80-Column x 25-Line Character Set Subtest Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
40-Column x 25-Line Character Set Subtest Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
640 x 480 2-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
Tables
Table 3-1.
Table 3-2.
Table 3-3.
Table 3-4.
Table 4-1.
Table 4-2.
Table 5-1.
Table 5-2.
Table 5-3.
Table A-1.
Table B-1.
xx
Boot Routine Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
System Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Beep Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
IRQ Line Assignments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Option Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Dell Diagnostics Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Help Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
International Dialing Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Dell Contact Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Color Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
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Figures
Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-2.
Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-2.
Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-6.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-4.
Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-2.
Figure 5-1.
Figure B-1.
Figure B-2.
Figure B-3.
Front View of the Portable Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Back View of the Portable Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Main Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
System Devices Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Security Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Power Menu of Setup Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Boot Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Exit Menu of Setup Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
AC Adapter and Power Cable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Checking the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Checking an Optional Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
I/O Panel Connectors for External Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Diagnostics Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Main Screen of the Dell Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Diagnostics Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
80-Column x 25-Line Character Set Subtest Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-2
40-Column x 25-Line Character Set Subtest Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-2
640 x 480 2-Color Graphics Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-5
DELL CONFIDENTIAL
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Tables
Table 3-1.
Table 3-2.
Table 3-3.
Table 3-4.
Table 4-1.
Table 4-2.
Table 5-1.
Table 5-2.
Table 5-3.
Table A-1.
Table B-1.
Boot Routine Indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
System Error Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Beep Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
IRQ Line Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Option Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Dell Diagnostics Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Help Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
International Dialing Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Dell Contact Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-1
Color Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .B-3
DELL CONFIDENTIAL
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Chapter 1
Introduction
he Dell Inspiron 3000 is an expandable, multiT
media portable computer designed around the Intel
®
™
®
Pentium® microprocessor with MMX™ technology and
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) technology.
This chapter describes the major hardware and software
features of your computer, provides information about
accessing the online documentation, and tells you where
to find help when needed.
display
display latch
status display panel
display close/suspend button
microphone
speakers (2)
keyboard
indicator light
touch pad
power button
touch pad
buttons (2)
options bay
display release
charge gauge button
main battery
Figure 1-1. Front View of the Portable Computer
Introduction
1-1
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infrared port
USB connector
hard-disk drive
serial connector
parallel connector
security cable slot
AC adapter
connector
monitor connector
docking connector
audio jacks (3)
PC Card slots
PS/2 connector
Figure 1-2. Back View of the Portable Computer
Hardware Features
Your Dell computer has the following features:
•
An Intel Pentium microprocessor with MMX technology running at 166, 200, or 233 megahertz (MHz).
•
Full multimedia capability through the following
standard features:
more information, see the topic titled “Options Bay” in
the online System User’s Guide.
•
A 12.1-inch active-matrix super video graphics array
(SVGA) color display or a 13.3-inch active-matrix
extended graphics array (XGA) color display.
•
Extended battery power with a lithium ion main battery, and an optional secondary battery that can be
used in the options bay to double battery life.
— A CD-ROM drive that can be used in the
options bay. When you unpack your computer,
look for the CD-ROM drive in the accessories
box of the shipping carton.
— Built-in microphone and stereo speakers.
— Jacks for connecting external speakers, headphones, or a microphone to your computer.
NOTE: Your computer was shipped with a diskette drive
in the options bay. When you want to use the CD-ROM
drive, turn off the computer, remove the diskette drive,
and install the CD-ROM drive. For instructions and
1-2
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
The battery charges in approximately 1.5 hours,
using an alternating current (AC) power source, if
the computer is off; the battery charges in approximately 2.5 hours if the computer is on. You can
expect 2.5 to 3.5 hours of battery life with a single
battery, and 5 to 7 hours of battery life with two
batteries.
NOTES: Battery performance features such as
charge time, operating time, and life span can vary
according to the conditions under which the computer and battery are used.
55899BK1.BK : 55899c11.fm Page 3 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
The battery is designed to work only with Dell
Inspiron 3000 computers. Do not attempt to use the
battery with other computers.
WARNING: Do not puncture or incinerate the
battery. When your battery no longer holds a
charge, call your local waste disposal agency or
environmental agency for advice on disposing
of the computer’s lithium ion battery. The lithium ion technology used in the battery is
significantly less hazardous to the environment
than the lithium metal technology used in some
other batteries (such as watch batteries).
•
•
•
•
Cache memory that enhances the speed of many
microprocessor operations by storing the most
recently accessed contents of system memory. Dell
Inspiron 3000 M166ST computers have 32 kilobytes
(KB) of internal cache on the microprocessor and
256 KB of static random-access memory (SRAM)
level 2 (L2) cache. Dell Inspiron 3000 M200ST and
M233XT computers have 512 KB of SRAM L2
cache.
Sixteen megabytes (MB) of nonremovable memory
on the system board. Memory on any Dell Inspiron
3000 system can be increased up to 144 MB by
installing a combination of 16-, 32-, or 64-MB
3.3-volt (V) small-outline, dual in-line memory
modules (SoDIMMs) in the two memory module
sockets on the system board.
Three power conservation modes—standby mode,
save-to-RAM suspend mode, and save-to-disk suspend mode—which help you conserve battery power.
If the batteries run out of power, save-to-disk suspend mode prevents data loss by copying all system
data to the hard-disk drive and turning off the
computer.
A special options bay that extends the functionality
of your computer by letting you use a CD-ROM
drive, a diskette drive, or an optional secondary
battery.
•
Support for up to two 3.3-V or 5-V PC Cards. The
computer supports up to two type I or type II cards
(in any combination) or one type III card.
Dell-installed device drivers on the hard-disk drive
support the operation of many standard PC Cards.
•
A basic input/output system (BIOS) that resides in
flash memory and can be upgraded by diskette. A
BIOS upgrade, if required, can be obtained on diskette from Dell or can be downloaded from Dell’s
TechConnect BBS. See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,”
for more information on Dell’s online services.
•
High-performance parallel and serial ports, and a
multipurpose Personal System (PS)/2 connector for
attaching external devices. There is also a monitor
connector for attaching an external monitor to your
computer.
NOTE: If you need to connect an external diskette
drive and you did not order a diskette drive cable
with your computer, contact Dell to order the appropriate cable. For information on contacting Dell, see
Chapter 5,“Getting Help.”
•
A PS/2-compatible touch pad that gives your computer full mouse functionality.
•
An infrared port for use with compatible external
devices. The infrared port permits file transfers without using cable connections. Fast infrared
technology is also available.
•
Universal Serial Bus (USB) capability, which can
simplify connecting peripheral devices such as mice,
printers, and computer speakers. The USB connector
on your computer’s back panel provides a single
connection point for multiple USB-compliant
devices. USB-compliant devices can also be connected and disconnected while the system is running.
•
On hard-disk drives with higher capacities, the Ultra
DMA/33 data transfer protocol for the advanced
technology attachment (ATA)/integrated drive electronics (IDE) hard-disk drive interface. Ultra DMA/
33 allows for data transfer rates of up to 33 MB/sec.
Lower-capacity hard-disk drives have standard ATA
technology.
Introduction
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Software Features
Accessing Online
Dell has installed the Microsoft® Windows® 95 operating
system on your hard-disk drive. The following software
is also included with your Dell computer:
Documentation
•
A Setup program and system utilities that let you
customize the operation of your computer. Also
included are drivers that tell your computer how to
communicate with various types of hardware, such
as printers and external monitors. For more information, see Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features,”
and the “Software Features” section of the online
System User’s Guide.
NOTE: The system utilities and drivers are available
separately on diskette from Dell for customers who
installed their own version of Windows 95. See
Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for the appropriate contact information in your location.
•
The Dell Diagnostics for evaluating your computer’s
components and devices. For more information, see
Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics.”
After you turn on your computer the first time, accept the
software licenses agreement. Then complete the installation of your operating system.
Next, use the Dell Program Diskette Maker in the Dell
Accessories folder to create a program diskette set and
back up your drivers and utilities. These diskettes can be
used to reinstall or reconfigure the software if necessary.
The online instructions in the Dell Program Diskette
Maker tell you how many blank diskettes are needed.
Using the Power Button
Under normal circumstances, you should only use the
power button to turn on the computer or to resume from
suspend mode. To shut down the computer, click the Start
button in Windows 95, and then click Shut Down.
If the computer is hung and the operating system does not
respond, press and hold the power button until the system
turns off completely (this may take several seconds).
1-4
The online Dell Inspiron 3000 System User’s Guide
installed on your hard-disk drive contains information on
the following topics:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
System features
Traveling with the computer
Customizing system configuration
Powering the computer and extending battery life
Connecting external devices
Maintaining the system
Contacting Dell
The guide also contains a glossary of commonly used
computer terms and abbreviations.
To access this guide, select the System User’s
Guide icon in the Dell Accessories folder.
To print any screen from the online System
User’s Guide, display the screen you want, and select
Print Topic from the File menu.
Available Options
Dell offers the following devices and upgrade options:
•
External devices, such as pointing devices, printers,
external monitors, external keyboards, and numeric
keypads, that connect to ports on the back of the
computer
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AC adapters
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
Batteries
Diskette-drive cables
Hard-disk drives
Modem PC Cards
Network PC Cards
Dell Inspiron Port Replicator I
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•
•
•
•
•
•
Memory modules (16-, 32-, and 64-MB capacities)
Carrying cases
Auto adapter
Microphone
External speakers
Getting Help
If at any time you don’t understand a procedure described
in this guide, or if your computer does not perform as
expected, Dell provides a number of tools to help you.
For more information, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”
Headphones
Instructions for connecting or installing these options are
contained in the online System User’s Guide or are included
in the upgrade kit you received from Dell.
Introduction
1-5
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1-6
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Chapter 2
Customizing System Features
s your computing environment changes, you may
A
want to customize the configuration of your computer.
•
In Windows 95, click the Start button, point to Settings, and click Control Panel. Double-click the
Display icon and click the Settings tab. To change
other video settings, such as the refresh rate or external monitor settings, click the NeoMagic tab.
The system utilities and the Setup program let you control various hardware and software features of your
computer and allow you to monitor and reduce power
consumption when your computer is running on battery
power. This chapter explains how to access and use the
system utilities and the Setup program.
System Utilities
For more information, see the topic titled “Adjusting
Video Resolution and Refresh Rate” in the online
System User’s Guide.
•
NOTE: The system utilities are available separately on
diskettes for those who installed their own version of the
Microsoft Windows 95 operating system. To order these
diskettes from Dell, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for
the appropriate telephone number in your location.
•
Configure PC Cards
If you are using Windows 95, use the PC Card utility
that comes with the operating system. Click the Start
button, point to Settings, and click Control Panel.
Double-click the PC Card (PCMCIA) icon.
For more information, see the topic titled “Configuring PC Cards” in the online System User’s Guide.
Customize touch pad and cursor features
In Windows 95, click the Start button, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel. Double-click the
Mouse icon.
For more information, see the topic titled “Touch
Pad” in the online System User’s Guide.
•
Check battery status
In Windows 95, see the operating system documentation for instructions on using the battery status
utility that comes with the operating system.
Use system utilities to:
•
Adjust audio properties
In Windows 95, click the Start button, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel. Double-click the
Multimedia icon. Alternatively, right-click the Audio
icon in the taskbar.
If Dell installed your operating system, the system utilities are on the hard-disk drive that came with the
computer.
Dell highly recommends that you use the Dell Program
Diskette Maker in the Dell Accessories folder to back up
the system utilities. If your hard-disk drive becomes corrupted, you can use the program diskettes to reinstall the
utilities.
Change video resolution
•
Manage power consumption when using a battery
The Power menu in the Setup program lets you
adjust the computer’s power management options to
suit your working environment.
For more information about saving battery power,
see the topic titled “Conserving Battery Power” in
the online System User’s Guide.
Customizing System Features
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Setup Program
Your computer retains system configuration information
in the nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM)
maintained by your computer’s backup battery. Each
time you turn on your computer, the system compares the
installed hardware with the system configuration information stored in NVRAM. If the system detects a
discrepancy, it generates an error message that identifies
the incorrect configuration setting. The system then
prompts you to enter the Setup program to correct the
setting.
You can use the Setup program as follows:
•
To set or change user-selectable features—for example, power management or security features
•
To verify information about your computer’s current
configuration, such as the amount of system memory
•
To change your system configuration information
after you add, change, or remove hardware connected to or installed inside your computer
Accessing the Setup Program
To access the Setup program, press <F2> when prompted
during start-up. The computer reboots automatically
when you exit the Setup program.
CAUTION: To avoid data loss, exit any application
programs before rebooting the computer to enter
the Setup program.
The Main menu of the Setup program shows how the
computer is configured. In addition to the Main menu
(see Figure 2-1), you can also access the System Devices
menu, Security menu, Power menu, Boot menu, and Exit
menu.
NOTE: When you press <F9>, the computer resets the
default values for each option in that menu. When you
press <F10>, the computer saves the current values and
exits the Setup program.
Main Menu Options
The following subsections explain each option in the
Main menu of the Setup program. The same information
is also available in the topic titled “Main Menu” in the
online System User’s Guide.
2-2
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Setup Utility
Main
System Devices
Security
Power
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
System Time:
System Date:
[03:06:18]
[10/15/1997]
Floppy Drive:
Hard Disk:
[1.44 MB, 3 1/2”]
[2168 MB]
Quiet Boot:
Video Display Device:
[Disabled]
[Simul Mode]
System Memory:
Extended Memory:
640 KB
15 MB
Visit our Web site at http://www.dell.com/
F1 Help
ESC Exit
Select Item
Select Menu
F5/F6 Change Values
Enter Select Sub-Menu
F9 Setup Defaults
F10 Save and Exit
Figure 2-1. Main Menu of Setup Program
System Time
System Time sets the computer to the time you specify
(usually the current time). Type in the appropriate information. Use the tab key to move between the hours,
minutes, and seconds fields. This option is useful if you
travel between time zones.
System Date
System Date sets your system to the date you specify
(usually the current date). Type in the appropriate information. Use the tab key to move between the month, day,
and year fields.
Floppy Drive
Floppy Drive identifies the type of diskette drive being
used by the computer. This option has no user-selectable
settings.
1.44 MB, 3 1/2” means there is a diskette drive in the
options bay.
External FDD means the diskette drive is being used as
an external device.
Hard Disk
Displays the capacity of the computer's hard-disk drive.
If you install a drive with a different capacity, the settings
under this option change automatically. This option does
not have any user-selectable settings.
Quiet Boot
Disabled (the default) indicates that the diagnostic
power-on self-test (POST) and summary screen are displayed at system boot. When set to Enabled, the
summary screen does not appear.
Video Display Device
Allows you to specify whether video is visible only on
the computer’s display (LCD Mode), only on an external
monitor or projector (CRT Mode), or on both the display
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and an external device simultaneously (Simul Mode, the
default).
When you are using Windows 95 (rather than the Setup
program), press <Fn><F8> to change the video display
device.
System Memory
System Memory displays the base amount of dynamic
random-access memory (DRAM) installed in the computer. Each computer has 640 KB of base memory. This
option has no user-selectable settings.
Extended Memory
Extended Memory displays the total amount of memory
above 1 MB. Each computer comes standard with at least
16 MB of memory on the system board. If you install or
remove memory, the amount of extended memory displayed changes. This option has no user-selectable
settings.
System Devices Menu Options
The following subsections explain each option in the
System Devices menu of the Setup program (see Figure 2-2). The same information is also available in the
topic titled “System Devices Menu” in the online System
User’s Guide.
Setup Utility
Main
System Devices
Security
Power
Boot
P/S 2 Mouse
IDE Controller
FDD Controller
CD-ROM Drive Speed
[Enabled]
[Both]
[Enabled]
[High Performance]
Plug & Play O/S
[Yes]
Serial Port
Infrared Port
Parallel Port:
Mode
DMA Channel
[PnP OS]
[Disabled]
[PnP OS]
[ECP]
[DMA 3]
Audio:
1st DMA channel
2nd DMA channel
[PnP OS]
[DMA 1]
[DMA 0]
F1 Help
ESC Exit
Select Item
Select Menu
F5/F6 Change Values
Enter Select Sub-Menu
Figure 2-2. System Devices Menu of Setup Program
2-4
Exit
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Item Specific Help
F9 Setup Defaults
F10 Save and Exit
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PS/2 Mouse
The default setting is Enabled. Select Disabled when you
want to attach a serial mouse to the computer.
NOTE: Before connecting or disconnecting a PS/2
mouse, turn off your computer. After you connect a PS/2
mouse and turn your computer back on, the external
mouse is automatically detected and the touch pad is
disabled.
other setting is used, this automatic mapping does not
occur.
If for some reason you need to change the serial port
address, be careful not to create a conflict with the
address of the infrared port.
NOTE: If there is a conflict between two or more
addresses, an asterisk appears next to the port type in the
System Devices menu.
IDE Controller
Infrared Port
Enables the integrated local-bus IDE adapter. Available
options are Both (the default), Disabled, or Primary. If
Both is selected, you can access both the hard-disk drive
and the CD-ROM drive. If Primary is selected, only the
hard-disk drive is accessible.
Infrared Port lets you map the address of the infrared port
to avoid address conflicts with other devices. The default
setting is Disabled. It is recommended that you retain the
default settings.
FDD Controller
Enables the diskette-drive controller. If this option is set
to Disabled, the diskette drive is unavailable.
CD-ROM Drive Speed
CD-ROM Drive Speed allows you to choose between
High Performance (the default) and Variable. When this
option is set to High Performance, the CD-ROM drive
runs at the maximum possible speed. When set to Variable, the CD-ROM drive slows down to avoid vibration
caused by unbalanced CDs.
Plug & Play O/S
The Setup program automatically detects whether the
computer is running a Plug and Play operating system
such as Windows 95.
If you are using Windows 95 and this option is set to PnP
OS, the operating system can remap the port automatically to avoid address conflicts with other devices. If any
other setting is used, this automatic mapping does not
occur.
If you want to use the high-speed infrared feature, see the
readme.doc file on the Fast Infrared Drivers diskette
that you made with the Dell Program Diskette Maker. In
the Microsoft Windows 95 operating system, access the
Dell Program Diskette Maker through the Dell Accessories folder.
If for some reason you need to change the infrared port
address in the Setup program, be careful not to create a
conflict with the addresses of the serial port or the parallel port.
NOTE: If there is a conflict between two or more
addresses, an asterisk appears next to the port type in the
System Devices menu.
Parallel Port
Serial Port
Serial Port lets you map the address of the serial port to
avoid address conflicts with other devices or disable the
port for security. The default setting is PnP OS, and the
default Base I/O and IRQ address is 3F8 IRQ4. It is recommended that you retain the default setting.
If you are using Windows 95 and this option is set to PnP
OS, the operating system can remap the port automatically to avoid address conflicts with other devices. If any
Parallel Port controls whether the computer’s parallel
port acts as an AT-compatible (unidirectional),
PS/2-compatible (bidirectional), EPP-compatible, or
ECP-compatible port. Options are PnP OS (the default),
Disabled, Enabled, and Auto. The default mode is ECP.
Other possible mode settings are Normal, EPP, and Bidirectional.
When set to PnP OS, the operating system automatically
configures the parallel port. When set to Auto, the computer’s BIOS configures the parallel port.
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When set to Disabled, you can disable the port and free
its assigned LPT address for another device.
When set to Enabled, you configure the port settings. If
for some reason you need to change the parallel port
address and/or DMA channel, be careful not to create a
conflict with the address or DMA channel of the infrared
port.
NOTE: If there is a conflict between two or more
addresses, an asterisk appears next to the port type in the
System Devices menu.
Audio
Enables the audio controller. Options are PnP OS (the
default), Enabled, and Disabled. It is recommended that
you retain the default settings.
Security Menu Options
The following subsections explain each option in the
Security menu of the Setup program (see Figure 2-3).
The same information is also available in the topic titled
“Security Menu” in the online System User’s Guide.
Setup Utility
Main
System Devices
Security
Power
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
System Password is
Clear
Set System Password
[Enter]
Password On Boot
[Disabled]
F1 Help
ESC Exit
Select Item
Select Menu
F5/F6 Change Values
Enter Select Sub-Menu
Figure 2-3. Security Menu of Setup Program
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F10 Save and Exit
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System Password
Password on Boot
If no system password has been set, the setting for System Password is Clear. Otherwise, the setting displayed is
Set.
When the Password On Boot option is enabled, you must
enter a password before the computer loads the operating
system into memory. To enable this option, the System
Password option must be set.
Set System Password
Settings for this option are Disabled (the default) and
Enabled.
Press <Enter> to set up a new system password, and then
follow the instructions on your screen. This password
restricts access to the Setup program settings.
Power Menu Options
The following subsections explain each option in the
Power menu of the Setup program (see Figure 2-4). The
same information is also available in the topic titled
“Power Menu” in the online System User’s Guide.
Setup Utility
Main
System Devices
Security
Power
Power Management Mode
[Customized]
Smart CPU Mode:
Standby Time-out:
Suspend Time-out:
[Off]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
Suspend Mode
[Save to RAM]
Resume On Modem Ring:
Resume On Time of Day:
Resume Time:
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[00:00:00]
F1 Help
ESC Exit
Select Item
Select Menu
Boot
Exit
F5/F6 Change Values
Enter Select Sub-Menu
Item Specific Help
F9 Setup Defaults
F10 Save and Exit
Figure 2-4. Power Menu of Setup Program
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Power Management Mode
Customized (the default) allows you to control the power
saving time-outs individually.
Select Disabled if you want to disable all power savings,
regardless of how the time-out options are set.
Select Maximum Performance to configure power saving
time-outs as a group to increase the performance of the
computer. When this setting is selected, the Standby
Time-Out option is set automatically to 4 minutes, and
the Suspend Time-Out option is disabled. The Smart
CPU Mode option is set automatically to Off.
Select Maximum Power Savings to configure the power
saving time-outs as a group to save the most battery
power. When this setting is selected, the Standby
Time-Out option is set automatically to 1 minute, and the
Suspend Time-Out option is set automatically to 5 minutes. The Smart CPU Mode option is set automatically to
On.
during an extensive screen redraw in a graphical program. Benchmark utilities may not perform as intended
when doing microprocessor speed tests. If the software
you use suffers significant performance degradation, set
Smart CPU Mode to Off.
Standby Time-Out
Standby mode conserves battery power by stopping some
computer activity, but leaves the computer ready to
resume operations immediately. Use standby mode when
you leave the computer unattended for less than a few
minutes. Press <Fn><s> to enter standby mode when you
are in Windows 95. Resume normal computer activity by
moving the cursor or pressing any key on the built-in
keyboard (the computer takes less than a second to return
to normal operation).
Smart CPU Mode
The Standby Time-Out option lets you determine how
long the computer remains idle (no I/O activity) before
activating standby mode to conserve battery power. Settings for this option are Disabled, 1 min., 2 min., 4 min.,
6 min., 8 min., 12 min., and 16 min.
Smart CPU Mode allows the computer to slow down the
microprocessor automatically if it is not being used. Settings for this option are:
To increase battery operating time, set this option to a
lower number of minutes. Press any key on the built-in
keyboard to resume normal computer operation.
•
On — Allows the computer to slow down the microprocessor when it is inactive
•
Off (the default) — Keeps the microprocessor running at its normal operating speed regardless of
microprocessor inactivity
If the time delay you set for standby mode is greater than
the delay set for suspend mode, the computer enters
standby mode first. For instance, if Standby Time-Out is
set for 8 minutes and Suspend Time-Out is set for 5 minutes, the computer enters standby mode after 8 minutes
of no I/O activity and then enters save-to-disk or
save-to-RAM suspend mode 5 minutes later.
To increase battery operating time, set the Smart CPU
Mode option to On.
When the Smart CPU Mode option is enabled and the
microprocessor is inactive, the computer slows the
microprocessor to save power.
NOTES: Some communications software may not work
properly when Smart CPU Mode is enabled. Dell recommends that you set Smart CPU Mode to Off if you are
using communications software.
Interactive application programs should function well
when Smart CPU Mode is enabled. (Examples of interactive programs include spreadsheet, text editor, graphics
design, entertainment, educational, and utility programs.) However, you may experience performance
degradation when recalculating a large spreadsheet or
2-8
NOTE: Set this option to Disabled if it causes compatibility problems with your software.
Suspend Time-Out
Suspend Time-Out lets you determine how long the computer remains idle (no I/O activity) before activating
save-to-RAM or save-to-disk suspend mode. Settings for
this option are Disabled, 5 min., 10 min., 15 min.,
20 min., 30 min., 40 min., and 60 min.
To increase battery operating time, set this option to a
lower number of minutes.
If the time delay you set for suspend mode is greater than
the delay set for standby mode, the computer enters
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save-to-RAM or save-to-disk suspend mode first. For
instance, if Suspend Time-Out is set for 10 minutes and
Standby Time-Out is set for 4 minutes, the computer
enters save-to-RAM or save-to-disk suspend mode after
10 minutes of no I/O activity and then enters standby
mode 4 minutes later.
NOTE: Set this option to Disabled if it causes compatibility problems with your software.
If you are not in the Setup program, you can activate
save-to-RAM suspend mode at any time by pressing
<Fn><Esc>. Alternatively, click the Start button, and
then click Suspend. Press the power button to resume
normal computer operation.
You can activate save-to-disk suspend mode by pressing
<Fn><a> (or <Fn><q> on the French keyboard). Press
the power button and hold it down for a second or two to
turn on the computer and resume normal operation.
Suspend Mode
The Suspend Mode category has two options—Save to
RAM and Save to Disk.
Save-to-RAM suspend mode conserves battery power by
stopping almost all computer activity, but leaves the computer ready to resume operations in seconds. Select the
Save-to-RAM option whenever you leave the computer
unattended for more than a few minutes. Resume normal
computer activity by pressing the power button (the computer may take several seconds to return to normal
operation).
Save-to-disk suspend mode copies all system data to a
reserved area on the hard-disk drive and then turns off all
power to the computer. When you resume normal operation, the same programs will be running and the same
files will be open that were loaded before you activated
this mode. Use save-to-disk suspend mode to conserve
battery power or to preserve system data by quickly saving it to the hard-disk drive if you are about to run out of
battery power.
Resume on Modem Ring
Setting this option to Enabled tells the computer to
resume normal operation when an incoming call is
detected by a modem and the computer is in standby
mode or save-to-RAM suspend mode.
Resume on Time of Day
When the Resume on Time of Day option is set to
Enabled (the default), the computer resumes normal
operation at the time specified in the Resume Time field
after being in standby mode or save-to-RAM suspend
mode.
Resume Time
Resume Time lets you specify a time when the computer
should get out of standby mode or save-to-RAM suspend
mode and resume normal operation.
Boot Menu Options
The following subsections explain each option in the
Boot menu of the Setup program (Figure 2-5). The selections you make in this menu determine which disk device
the computer uses to find the software needed to start the
operating system. The same information is also available
in the topic titled “Boot Menu” in the online System
User’s Guide.
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Setup Utility
Main
System Devices
Security
Power
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
1. [Diskette Drive]
2. [Hard Drive]
3. [CD-ROM Drive]
F1 Help
ESC Exit
Select Item
Select Menu
F5/F6 Change Values
Enter Select Sub-Menu
F9 Setup Defaults
F10 Save and Exit
Figure 2-5. Boot Menu of Setup Program
To select the boot device, use the up- or down-arrow key;
then press <F6> to move the device up the list or <F5> to
move the device down the list.
Diskette Drive first (the default) causes the computer to
attempt booting first from a bootable diskette. If it does
not detect a diskette in the diskette drive, the computer
tries to boot from the hard-disk drive. If there is a diskette
in the diskette drive, but the diskette does not have the
required boot files, an error message is displayed.
Hard Drive first causes the computer to boot only from
the hard-disk drive. If it fails to boot from the hard-disk
drive, the computer does not attempt to boot from the
diskette drive.
2-10
CD-ROM Drive first causes the computer to attempt
booting first from a bootable CD-ROM. If it does not
detect a bootable CD-ROM in the CD-ROM drive, the
computer tries to boot from the hard-disk drive. If there is
a CD-ROM in the CD-ROM drive, but the CD-ROM
does not have the required boot files, an error message is
displayed.
Exit Menu Options
The following subsections explain each option in the Exit
menu of the Setup program (Figure 2-6). The selections
you make in this menu determine which disk device the
computer uses to find the software needed to start the
operating system. The same information is also available
in the topic titled “Exit Menu” in the online System
User’s Guide.
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Setup Utility
Main
System Devices
Security
Power
Boot
Exit
Item Specific Help
Save Changes and Exit
Discard Changes and Exit
Get Default Values
Load Previous Values
Save Changes
F1 Help
ESC Exit
Select Item
Select Menu
F5/F6 Change Values
Enter Execute
Command
F9 Setup Defaults
F10 Save and Exit
Figure 2-6. Exit Menu of Setup Program
Save Changes and Exit
Load Previous Values
After you have changed a setting in the Setup program,
select this option to save the changes into NVRAM and
exit the Setup program.
Load Previous Values lets you discard the settings you
have made and restore the settings you previously saved.
Press <Enter> when prompted to continue.
If you try to exit the Setup program without saving your
changes, you are prompted to save.
Save Changes
Discard Changes and Exit
Save Changes saves your settings without exiting the
Setup program. Press <Enter> when prompted to continue, and then return to other menus to make changes.
Select this option only if you do not want to save the
changes you made in the Setup program.
Get Default Values
Reinstalling Utilities and Drivers
Get Default Values lets you select the default settings for
each option in the Setup program. Press <Enter> when
prompted to continue. Then you can make more changes
in the Setup program or select Save Changes and Exit.
Dell provides software utilities and drivers that help you
control certain features of your computer. If Dell installed
Windows 95 on your computer, these utilities and drivers
are also already installed.
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This section explains how to reinstall utilities and
drivers on your Dell portable computer with Windows 95.
You may need to use these procedures under the following
conditions:
3.
•
4.
•
Dell did not install an operating system or other system software on your computer.
You are reinstalling the version of Windows 95 that
came with your computer, and you need to reinstall
the drivers and utilities that Dell provides.
NOTE: To reinstall the operating system, you need
the Windows 95 installation CD-ROM that came
with your computer.
•
•
Some of the drivers and/or utilities that came with
your computer are corrupted, and you need to reinstall them individually.
You have a new hard-disk drive, and you need to
install all of the system software.
In any case, you must use the program diskette set you
made when you received your computer. If you did not
make a program diskette set and you cannot access the
Program Diskette Maker in the Dell Accessories folder,
you can order a program diskette set separately from
Dell. See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for more
information.
Reinstalling Video Drivers
Video drivers control features such as screen resolution
and the number of screen colors.
NOTE: If you need to use extended video modes, check
the documentation that came with the application program to determine if the drivers are provided. If not,
contact the software manufacturer to get the necessary
drivers.
The Control Panel window appears.
2.
Save your work in all open application programs,
because you will need to restart your computer at
the end of this procedure to complete the
installation.
Insert the Video Drivers diskette into the diskette
drive.
2-12
Double-click the Display icon.
The Display Properties window appears.
5.
Click the Settings tab.
6.
Click the Advanced Properties button.
The Advanced Display Properties window appears.
7.
In the Adapter Type box, click the Change...
button.
The Select Device window appears.
8.
Click the Have Disk... button.
9.
Verify that A:\ is displayed in the Copy Manufacturer’s Files From: box, and then click OK.
10. When the Select Device window appears, verify
that the NeoMagic MagicGraph 128XD option is
highlighted, and then click OK.
The Copying Files window appears. A progress bar
is shown while the driver files are being copied to
your hard-disk drive.
After the drivers are successfully installed, the
Advanced Display Properties window reappears.
11. Click the Close button in the Advanced Display
Properties window.
12. If you have not specified what type of monitor
you use, the Display Properties window appears.
Click Yes if you want to specify an external monitor
now. The Select Device window appears. Select your
monitor manufacturer and model name, and then follow the instructions on your screen.
To reinstall the video drivers, follow these steps:
1.
Click the Start button, point to Settings, and then
click Control Panel.
If you do not want to specify an external monitor
now or if you have already done so, go to step 13.
13. Click the Close button in the Display Properties
window.
14. Remove the Video Drivers diskette from the diskette drive.
15. Restart your computer to activate the drivers.
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Reinstalling Touch Pad Drivers
Reinstalling the Soft Wavetable
Touch pad drivers and associated utilities allow you to
customize the operation of your touch pad and cursor features. To reinstall the touch pad drivers, follow these
steps:
The soft wavetable allows you to customize certain audio
features. To reinstall the soft wavetable, follow these
steps:
1.
1.
Save your work in all open application programs,
because you will need to restart your computer at
the end of this procedure to complete the
installation.
Save your work in all open application programs,
because you will need to restart your computer
at the end of this procedure to complete the
installation.
2.
2.
Insert the Touch Pad Drivers diskette into the diskette drive.
Insert the Soft Wavetable Diskette 1 into the diskette drive.
3.
Click the Start button, and then click Run...
3.
Click the Start button, and then click Run...
The Run dialog box appears.
The Run dialog box appears.
4.
Type a:\setup, and then click OK to install the
utility on your hard-disk drive.
5.
Follow the instructions on your screen, and insert
the additional Soft Wavetable diskettes when
prompted.
Reinstalling Audio Drivers
6.
After the installation is complete, restart your
computer to use the soft wavetable.
Audio drivers allow you to customize the sound features
of your computer. To reinstall the audio drivers, follow
these steps:
Reinstalling Infrared Drivers
1.
Infrared drivers allow your computer to transfer files to
another infrared device without using cable connections.
4.
Type a:\setup, and then click OK.
5.
Follow the instructions on your screen.
6.
Restart your computer to activate the drivers.
Save your work in all open application programs,
because you will need to restart your computer
during this procedure to complete the installation.
2.
Insert the Audio Drivers diskette into the diskette
drive.
3.
Click the Start button, and then click Run...
To reinstall the standard infrared drivers that come with
Windows 95, see your operating system documentation.
To reinstall the fast infrared drivers provided by Dell, see
the instructions in the readme.doc file on your Fast
Infrared Drivers diskette.
The Run dialog box appears.
4.
Type a:\setup, and then click OK.
5.
Follow the instructions on your screen.
6.
After the computer restarts, reinsert the Audio
Drivers diskette to complete the installation.
Creating the Save-to-Disk Suspend File
If you are installing a new hard-disk drive or if you are
rebuilding a hard-disk drive that has corrupted software
and you want to be able to use the save-to-disk suspend
mode, you must use the phdisk.exe utility on your System Utilities diskette to create a save-to-disk suspend file.
When save-to-disk suspend mode is activated, all system
data is stored in this file.
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If you need to delete the save-to-disk suspend file,
type PHDISK /DELETE /FILE at an MS-DOS
prompt and press <Enter>.
To create the save-to-disk suspend file, follow these
steps:
1.
Insert the System Utilities diskette into the diskette drive.
2.
Restart your computer.
3.
At the MS-DOS® prompt, type a:to ensure that
you are accessing files from the diskette drive.
If needed, you can download the online Dell Inspiron
3000 System User’s Guide from Dell’s World Wide Web
(WWW) site at http://www.dell.com/:
4.
Type PHDISK /CREATE /FILE and press
<Enter>.
1.
NOTE: Make sure there is a space between PHDISK
and /CREATE and between /CREATE and /FILE.
5.
Reinstalling the System User’s Guide
Click the Service and Support icon.
The Service and Support Center main menu appears.
2.
Click Product Line Menu, and then locate the
link to the Inspiron 3000 page.
The utility will calculate the size of the file, in kilobytes, based on the amount of system memory in
your computer, plus 2 MB to handle video memory
and additional system requirements.
3.
Follow the instructions on your screen to create
the save-to-disk suspend file.
Click Technical Information, and then click
Documentation.
4.
Click Online System User’s Guide.
5.
When prompted, save the file to your hard-disk
drive.
To check the size of the save-to-disk suspend file,
type PHDISK/INFO at an MS-DOS prompt and
press <Enter>.
2-14
The Inspiron 3000 Service and Support Center
appears.
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Chapter 3
Troubleshooting Your Computer
Dell Inspiron 3000 is not working as expected,
Ithisf your
Backing Up Your Files
chapter provides initial checks for solving basic computer problems as well as detailed troubleshooting
procedures. It lists system messages and beep codes, their
possible causes, and actions you can take to resolve any
problems indicated by a message or code. This chapter
also offers general guidelines for analyzing some software problems.
You can lose data when a computer failure occurs. If your
computer is behaving erratically, back up your files
immediately. See your operating system documentation
for instructions on backing up files.
NOTES: When you see the question “Is the problem
resolved?” in a troubleshooting procedure, repeat the
operation that caused the problem to see if it still occurs.
Basic Checks
Before you begin any of the troubleshooting procedures,
make sure the Quiet Boot option is set to Disabled in the
Main menu of the Setup program. See Chapter 2, “Customizing Features,” for information on using the Setup
program.
CAUTION: The only time you should ever access
the inside of your computer is when you are installing memory modules.
Wait 5 seconds after turning off the computer
before disconnecting a peripheral device or removing a memory module to help prevent possible
damage to the system board.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic
Discharge” in the safety instructions at the front of
this guide.
The following procedure leads you through the checks
necessary to solve some basic computer problems.
NOTE: Before you begin any of the troubleshooting procedures, make sure the Quiet Boot option is set to
Disabled in the Main menu of the Setup program. See
Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features,” for information on using the Setup program.
1.
Is your computer wet or damaged?
Yes. Go to “Troubleshooting a Wet Computer” or
“Troubleshooting a Damaged Computer” found later
in this chapter.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Perform the steps in the next subsection, “Checking Connections.”
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. A connection to your computer was loose. The
problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 3.
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3.
Perform the steps found in “Look and Listen”
found later in this chapter.
Be sure the following items are properly connected or
installed:
Did your computer complete the boot (start-up)
routine?
•
The AC adapter and the AC power cable
NOTE: The boot routine is the operating system’s
attempt to load its files into memory from the bootup sector on the hard-disk drive or bootable diskette.
AC power cable
(to AC power source)
Yes. Go to step 4.
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
4.
Did you receive a system message or beep code?
A single beep always sounds during the boot routine
when the speaker is tested.
AC adapter
Yes. Go to “Messages and Codes” found later in this
chapter.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
AC adapter cable
Verify the system setup settings as explained in
Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features.”
Figure 3-1. AC Adapter and Power Cable
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The system configuration information was
incorrect. The problem is resolved.
•
No. Go to step 6.
6.
The main battery
battery release
Run the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics.”)
Checking Connections
Loose or improperly connected cables are likely sources
of problems for your computer, external monitor, or other
peripherals (such as a printer, external keyboard, or
mouse). A quick check of all cable connections can easily
solve these problems. If the connector has two small
screws, make sure the screws are tight. In addition, check
for damaged or frayed cables, and for bent pins on
connectors.
Figure 3-2. Checking the Battery
3-2
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•
The secondary battery or any other optional device
installed in the options bay
•
Cables that connect external devices through the I/O
panel on the back of the computer.
USB
connector
parallel port
serial port
options bay release
battery
monitor
connector
docking
connector
keyboard/mouse
connector
Figure 3-4. I/O Panel Connectors for
External Devices
Figure 3-3. Checking an Optional Device
Look and Listen
Looking at and listening to your computer is important in
determining the source of a problem. Look and listen for
the indications described in Table 3-1.
If the problem is still not resolved, see the next subsection, “Setup Options.”
NOTE: Before you begin any of the troubleshooting procedures, make sure the Quiet Boot option is set to
Disabled in the Main menu of the Setup program. See
Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features,” for information on using the Setup program.
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Table 3-1. Boot Routine Indications
Look for:
Action
An error message
See “Messages and Codes” found later in this chapter.
The power indicator
If the computer’s power indicator does not come on, see “Troubleshooting a
Power Failure” found later in this chapter.
The keyboard indicators
Press the <Num Lock> key, the <Caps Lock> key, and the <Scroll Lock> key
to toggle their respective indicators on and off in the status display panel. If
the indicators do not appear, run the Keyboard test group in the Dell Diagnostics (for instructions, see Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics”).
The diskette-drive access indicator
The diskette-drive access indicator should appear in the status display when
data is accessed on the diskette drive. You can test this indicator by inserting a
diskette into the drive, typing dir a: at an MS-DOS prompt, and pressing
<Enter>. If the diskette-drive access indicator does not appear, see “Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive” found later in this chapter.
The CD-ROM/hard-disk drive
access indicator
The CD-ROM/hard-disk drive access indicator should appear when data is
accessed on the CD-ROM drive or the hard-disk drive. You can test this indicator by typing dir c: at an MS-DOS prompt and pressing <Enter>. If the
CD-ROM/hard-disk drive access indicator does not appear, see “Troubleshooting the Hard-Disk Drive” or “Troubleshooting the CD-ROM Drive”
found later in this chapter.
Listen for:
Action
A series of beeps
See “Messages and Codes” found later in this chapter.
An unfamiliar constant scraping or
grinding sound when a drive is
accessed
Make sure the sound is not caused by the application program that is running.
The sound could also be caused by a hardware malfunction. See Chapter 5,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance from Dell.
The absence of a familiar sound
When you turn on the computer, you can hear the hard-disk drive spin up, and
the computer tries to access the boot files from the hard-disk drive or the diskette drive. If your computer does not boot, call Dell for technical assistance.
(See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.) Otherwise, see Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics.”
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
Setup Options
You can easily correct certain system problems by verifying the settings for setup options. When you boot the
computer, it compares the system configuration information with the current hardware configuration. If the
computer’s hardware configuration doesn’t match the
3-4
information recorded by the system setup options, an
error message may appear on the display.
To fix this problem, correct the appropriate options in the
Setup program. See Chapter 2, “Customizing System
Features,” for detailed information about the Setup program and its options.
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If, after checking the setup options, you have not
resolved the problem, see Chapter 4, “Running the Dell
Diagnostics.”
Messages and Codes
The application programs, operating system, and the
computer itself are capable of identifying problems and
alerting you to them. When this occurs, a message may
appear on the computer’s display or an external monitor
(if one is attached), or a beep code may sound.
If an error message appears on the display or external
monitor, make a note of the message. See Table 3-2 for
an explanation of the message and suggestions for correcting any errors. The system messages are listed
alphabetically.
NOTE: If the message is not listed in Table 3-2, check the
documentation for the application programs that were
running at the time the message appeared and/or the
operating system documentation for an explanation of
the message and a recommended action.
Table 3-2. System Error Messages
Message
Cause
Action
Diskette drive
A error
A connector may be loose or
the diskette may be faulty.
If the diskette-drive access indicator appears in the status display panel, try a different diskette. If the problem persists,
shut down the computer, remove the diskette drive completely, and then reinsert the diskette drive. Turn the computer
back on, and check for the error message.
If the problem is still not resolved, see “Troubleshooting the
Diskette Drive” found later in this chapter.
Extended RAM
failed at offset: nnnn
Extended memory is not
configured properly or has
failed at the memory address
nnnn.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Failing bits:
nnnn
Memory failed at RAM
address nnnn.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Fixed disk 0
failure
The hard-disk drive failed to
initialize.
See “Troubleshooting the Hard-Disk Drive” found later in this
chapter.
Fixed disk
controller
failure
The hard-disk drive
controller may be faulty.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
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Table 3-2. System Error Messages (continued)
Message
Cause
Action
Incorrect
drive A type—
run Setup
The diskette drive is not
identified properly in the
Setup program.
Shut down the computer, remove the diskette drive completely, and then reinsert the diskette drive. Turn the computer
back on, and check for the error message.
If the problem persists, reboot the computer and press <F2> to
enter the Setup program. Write down the setting for FDD
Controller in the Main menu. Then call Dell for technical
assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Keyboard controller error
The keyboard controller is
faulty.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Keyboard error
If an external keyboard is
being used, a cable or connector may be loose or the
keyboard may be faulty.
If the built-in keyboard is
being used, it may be faulty.
A key on the built-in keyboard may have been
pressed while the computer
was booting.
Run the Stuck Key Test in the Dell Diagnostics. (For
instructions, see Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics.”)
Operating
system not
found
The operating system may
be corrupted. Or, the operating system cannot be found
on the hard-disk drive or on
the diskette in the diskette
drive.
Reinstall the operating system. See the documentation that
came with the operating system. If the problem is still not
resolved, call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions,
see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Parity check 1
nnnn
A parity error was found in
the system bus at address
nnnn.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Parity check 2
nnnn
A parity error was found in
the I/O bus at address nnnn.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Real time
clock error
The CMOS battery that
supports data stored in
NVRAM may be dead.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
Shadow RAM
failed at offset: nnnn
Shadow RAM failed at
address nnnn.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
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Table 3-2. System Error Messages (continued)
Message
Cause
Action
CMOS battery
is dead—
Replace and
run Setup
The CMOS battery does not
have enough charge to
power the computer.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
System cache
error—cache
disabled
The primary cache internal
to the microprocessor has
failed.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
System CMOS
checksum bad—
run Setup
The BIOS has been updated.
Reboot the computer and press <F2> to enter the Setup program and reconfigure the system. If the problem persists, call
Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5,
“Getting Help.”)
System RAM
failed at offset: nnnn
System RAM failed at
address nnnn in the 64-KB
block at which the error was
detected.
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
System timer
error
A chip on the system board
may be malfunctioning.
Run the System Set test group and the Keyboard Controller
Test in the Dell Diagnostics. (For instructions, see Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics.”)
CMOS has been corrupted or
modified, possibly by an
application program that
changes data stored in
CMOS.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
System Beep Codes
When errors occur during the boot routine that cannot be
reported on the built-in display or on an external monitor
(if attached), the computer may emit a series of beeps that
identify the problem. The beep code is a pattern of
sounds: for example, one beep, followed by a second
beep, and then a burst of three beeps (code 1-1-3) means
that the computer was unable to read the data in nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM). This
information is important to the Dell support staff if you
need to call for technical assistance.
When a beep code is emitted, write it down on a copy of
the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5, and then
look it up in Table 3-3. If you are unable to resolve the
problem by looking up the meaning of the beep code, use
the Dell Diagnostics to identify a more serious cause.
(See Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics.”) If you
are still unable to resolve the problem, call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for
instructions.)
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.
Table 3-3. Beep Codes
Message
Cause
Action
1-2
Memory module not being
properly identified or used
See “Troubleshooting Memory” found later in this chapter.
1-2-2-3
ROM BIOS checksum failure
Run the System Set test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See
Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for instructions.) If
the program does not load, call Dell for technical assistance. (For
instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
1-3-1-1
DRAM refresh failure
Run the System Set test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See
Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for instructions.) If
the program does not load, call Dell for technical assistance. (For
instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
1-3-1-3
Keyboard controller test failure
Run the Keyboard Controller Test in the Dell Diagnostics. (For
instructions, see Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics.”)
1-3-4-1
RAM failure on address line nnnn
Run the RAM test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for instructions.) If the program
does not load, call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions,
see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
1-3-4-3
RAM failure on data bits nnnn of
the high byte on the memory bus
Run the RAM test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for instructions.) If the program
does not load, call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions,
see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
1-4-1-1
RAM failure on data bits nnnn of
the low byte on the memory bus
Run the RAM test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for instructions.) If the program
does not load, call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions,
see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
2-1-2-3
Check ROM copyright notice
failure
Run the System Set test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See
Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for instructions.) If
the program does not load, call Dell for technical assistance. (For
instructions, see Chapter 5, “Getting Help.”)
2-2-3-1
Interrupt mask register failure
Call Dell for technical assistance. (For instructions, see Chapter 5,
“Getting Help.”)
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
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Finding Software Solutions
Because most computers have several application programs installed in addition to the operating system,
isolating a software problem can be confusing. Software
errors can also appear to be hardware malfunctions at
first. Software problems can result from the following
circumstances:
•
•
•
Improper installation or configuration of a program
•
Memory conflicts resulting from the use of
terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) programs, such as
drivers
•
Input errors
Drivers that may conflict with certain application
programs
Interrupt conflicts between devices
You can confirm that a computer problem is caused by
software by first running the System Set test group as
described in Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics.”
If all tests in the test group complete successfully, the
error condition is most likely caused by software.
The following subsections provide general guidelines for
analyzing some software problems. For detailed troubleshooting information on a particular program, see the
online documentation that accompanied the software or
consult the support service for the software.
Installing and Configuring Software
When you obtain software, check it for viruses using
virus-scanning software before installing it on the computer’s hard-disk drive. Viruses can quickly use all
available system memory, damage and/or destroy data
stored on the hard-disk drive, and permanently affect the
performance of the programs they infect. Several commercial virus-scanning programs are available for
purchase, and most bulletin board services (BBSs)
archive freely distributed virus-scanning programs that
you can download with a modem.
Before installing a program, read its documentation to
learn how the program works, what hardware it requires,
and what its defaults are. A program usually includes
installation instructions in its accompanying documentation and a software installation routine on its program
diskettes.
The software installation routine assists you in transferring the appropriate program files to the computer’s
hard-disk drive. Installation instructions may provide
details about how to configure the operating system to
successfully run the program. Always read the installation instructions before running a program’s installation
routine. If you are instructed to modify the start-up files,
see the documentation that came with the operating system for instructions.
When you run the installation routine, be prepared to
respond to prompts for information about how the
computer’s operating system is configured, what type of
computer you have, and what peripherals are connected
to the computer.
Start-Up Files
Whenever you start or reboot the computer, the operating
system executes commands from its start-up files.
These files contain commands that automatically configure the operating system by setting system parameters,
starting memory-resident programs, and loading device
driver software. If you experience program conflicts or
memory error messages, check the commands for
memory-resident programs in the start-up files of the
operating system. (For information on start-up files, see
the documentation that came with the operating system).
If a program or peripheral does not work correctly, check
the product’s documentation to see if you need to modify
these files.
Using Software
The following subsections discuss errors that can occur
while using software.
Error Messages
Error messages can be produced by an application program, the operating system, or the computer. “Messages
and Codes,” found earlier in this chapter, discusses the
error messages generated by the computer. If you receive
an error message not listed in “Messages and Codes,”
check the operating system or application program
documentation.
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Input Errors
If a specific key or set of keys is pressed at the wrong
time, a program may give you unexpected results. See the
documentation that came with the application program to
make sure the values or characters you are entering do
not conflict with the application program you are using.
Make sure the operating system is compatible with the
programs you use. Keep in mind that whenever you
change the parameters of the computer’s operating system, you may affect the successful operation of the
programs. Sometimes, after modifying the operating system, you may need to reinstall a program that no longer
runs properly.
Memory-Resident Programs
There are a variety of utilities and supplementary programs that can be loaded either when the computer boots
or from an operating system prompt. These programs are
designed to stay resident in system memory and thus
always be available for use. Because they remain in the
computer’s memory, memory conflicts and errors can
result when other programs require use of all or part of
the memory already occupied by these TSR programs.
Typically, the operating system’s start-up files contain
commands to start TSR programs when you boot the
computer. If you suspect that one of these TSR programs
is causing a memory conflict, remove the commands that
start them from the start-up file. If the problem you were
experiencing does not recur, one of the TSR programs
probably created the conflict. Add the TSR commands
back into the start-up files one at a time until you identify
which TSR program is creating the conflict.
alternative method of running that particular program—
for example, the creation of a boot file made especially
for that program. For help with this situation, call the
support service offered by the manufacturer of the software you are using.
Avoiding Interrupt Assignment Conflicts
Problems can arise if two devices attempt to use the same
interrupt request (IRQ) line. To avoid this type of conflict, check the documentation for the default IRQ line
setting for each installed device. Then consult Table 3-4
to configure the device for one of the available IRQ lines.
NOTE: Installed devices cannot share the same COM
port address. The default address of the computer’s serial
port is COM1.
Table 3-4. IRQ Line Assignments
IRQ Line
Used/Available
IRQ0
Generated by the system timer
IRQ1
Generated by the keyboard controller to
signal that the keyboard output buffer is
full
IRQ2
Cascade to second interrupt controller
IRQ3
Reserved
IRQ4
Reserved
IRQ5
Used by the audio controller
IRQ6
Generated by the diskette drive controller
to indicate that the diskette drive requires
the attention of the microprocessor
IRQ7
Used by the parallel port
IRQ8
Generated by the system RTC
IRQ9
Software redirect to INT0A
IRQ10
Reserved
IRQ11
Reserved
Program Conflicts
Some programs may leave portions of their setup information behind, even though you have exited from them.
As a result, other programs cannot run. Rebooting the
computer can confirm whether or not these programs are
the cause of the problem.
Other programs use specialized subroutines called drivers that can cause problems in the computer. For
example, a variation in the way the data is sent to an
external monitor may require a special screen driver program that expects a certain kind of video mode or
monitor. In such cases, you may have to develop an
3-10
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym
used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System
User’s Guide.
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Table 3-4. IRQ Line Assignments (continued)
IRQ Line
Used/Available
IRQ12
Generated by the keyboard controller to
indicate that the output buffer of the integrated touch pad or external PS/2 mouse
is full
IRQ13
Used by the math coprocessor on the
microprocessor
IRQ14
Generated by the hard-disk drive to indicate that the drive requires the attention of
the microprocessor
IRQ15
Reserved
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym
used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System
User’s Guide.
Troubleshooting Procedures
This section provides troubleshooting procedures for
built-in components (such as the display) and for external
devices that connect to the computer (such as an external
monitor). Before performing any of the procedures in this
section, see “Basic Checks” found earlier in this chapter
and read the safety instructions at the front of this guide.
Then perform the appropriate troubleshooting procedure
for the component or equipment that is malfunctioning.
NOTES: When you see the question “Is the problem
resolved?” in a troubleshooting procedure, perform the
operation that caused the problem to see if the problem
still occurs.
Before you begin any of the troubleshooting procedures,
make sure the Quiet Boot option is set to Disabled in the
Main menu of the Setup program. See Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features,” for information on using the
Setup program.
Troubleshooting a Wet Computer
Liquids, spills and splashes, rain, and excessive humidity
can cause moisture damage to the computer. If the computer gets wet or if condensation forms on the computer
because of humid conditions, use the following
procedure.
WARNING: Perform step 1 of the following procedure only after you are certain that it is safe to do
so. If the computer is connected to an alternating
current (AC) power source, Dell recommends turning off AC power at the circuit breaker before
attempting to remove the power cables from AC
power. Use the utmost caution when removing wet
cables from live power.
1.
Turn off the computer, and disconnect it from the
AC adapter. Then disconnect the AC adapter
from AC power. Turn off any attached peripherals, and disconnect them from their power
sources and then from the computer.
2.
Remove any installed batteries.
Wipe off each battery, and store it in a safe place to
dry.
3.
If the options bay slot is wet, remove the device
from the bay. If the PC Card slot is wet, remove
any PC Cards. Put the device and cards in a safe
place to dry.
4.
Ground yourself by touching one of the metal
connectors on the back of the computer.
5.
Turn the computer over, and remove the two
screws securing the hard-disk drive.
6.
Pull the hard-disk drive straight out of the computer. The memory module cover will now lift off.
7.
Remove any installed memory modules from
their sockets on the system board.
Carefully spread apart the inner metal tabs of the
memory module socket just far enough for the memory module to disengage from the socket (the
module should pop up slightly). Then lift the memory module away from the socket.
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Open the display, and place the computer across
two books or similar props to let air circulate all
around it. Let the computer dry for at least
24 hours.
Troubleshooting a Damaged Computer
Place the computer in a dry area at room temperature. Do not use artificial means to speed up the
drying process.
1.
Save all your work, exit any open application programs, and remove any installed batteries.
2.
Turn off the computer, and disconnect it from the
AC adapter. Then disconnect the AC adapter
from AC power. Turn off any attached peripherals, and disconnect them from their power
sources and then from the computer.
3.
Ground yourself by touching one of the
unpainted metal connectors on the I/O panel.
Ground yourself by touching one of the metal
connectors on the back of the computer.
4.
10. If you removed memory modules in step 7, reinstall them. Replace the memory module cover.
Turn the computer over, and remove the two
screws securing the hard-disk drive.
5.
Pull the hard-disk drive straight out of the computer. The memory module cover will now lift off.
6.
Remove any installed memory modules from
their sockets on the system board.
8.
If the computer is dropped or damaged, use the following
procedure:
WARNING: Before continuing with the
remainder of this procedure, verify that the
computer is thoroughly dry.
9.
Align the notch in the edge connector with the slot in
the center of the memory module socket. Press the
memory module’s edge connector firmly into the
socket. Pivot the module down until it clicks.
Carefully spread apart the inner metal tabs of the
memory module socket just far enough for the memory module to disengage from the socket (the
module should pop up slightly). Then lift the memory module away from the socket.
To replace the memory module cover, align the two
tabs on the memory module cover with the memory
module opening, and slide the cover in place.
NOTE: The memory module cover is not secure until
the hard-disk drive is back in place.
7.
11. Reinstall the hard-disk drive, align the screw
holes, and replace the two screws removed in
step 5.
Align the notch in the edge connector with the slot in
the center of the memory module socket. Press the
memory module’s edge connector firmly into the
socket. Pivot the module down until it clicks.
12. Reinstall the options-bay device or PC Cards that
you removed in step 3.
To replace the memory module cover, align the two
tabs on the memory module cover with the memory
module opening, and slide the cover in place.
13. Replace any batteries that you removed in step 2.
14. Reconnect the computer and peripherals to AC
power, and turn them on.
NOTE: The memory module cover is not secure until
the hard-disk drive is back in place.
15. Does the computer work properly?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. If the computer is able to boot, run the Dell
Diagnostics to identify computer damage. If the
computer is unable to boot, see “Troubleshooting a
Power Failure” found later in this section. If you
cannot identify the damaged component(s), call Dell
for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting
Help,” for instructions.)
3-12
Reinstall the memory modules, and then replace
the memory module cover.
8.
Reinstall the hard-disk drive, align the screw
holes, and replace the two screws removed in
step 4.
9.
Install the diskette drive in the options bay.
10. Verify that any installed PC Cards are properly
seated in the PC Card connectors.
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computer. Do the power indicator and battery
indicator(s) appear on the status display panel?
11. Replace any batteries that you removed in step 1.
12. Reconnect the computer and peripherals to AC
power, and turn them on.
13. Run the Dell Diagnostics to verify that the computer is operating properly. (See Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for instructions.)
Yes. Go to step 7.
No. Go to step 6.
6.
14. If the computer does not operate properly, make
a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in
Chapter 5 and fill it out. Then call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,”
for instructions.)
Yes. Your computer is receiving power. Go to step 7.
No. Your computer is not receiving power. Go to
step 8.
7.
Troubleshooting a Power Failure
Occasionally, you may experience a power failure in all
or part of the computer. A total power failure is indicated
by the absence of electrical activity (such as status indicators and sounds) from the keyboard, display, hard-disk
drive, and diskette drive. In a partial power failure, one or
more of these indicators shows that there is power to a
part of the computer.
Remove all peripherals, including internal
devices such as a CD-ROM drive, hard-disk
drive, and battery.
2.
Try turning on the computer.
3.
Does the computer turn on properly?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to Step 4.
4.
No. Go to step 8.
8.
Reseat (remove and reinstall) any installed batteries, and check the AC adapter connection. Do
the indicators appear in the status display panel?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. If the computer is powered by the AC adapter,
see the next subsection, “Total Power Failure When
Using the AC Adapter.” If the computer is using battery power, see “Total Power Failure When Using a
Battery” found later in this section.
Total Power Failure When Using the AC
Adapter
If no signs of power are present in the computer when
using the AC adapter, make a copy of the Diagnostics
Checklist found in Chapter 5 and fill it out as you complete the following procedure:
Turn off the computer. Do the power indicator
and battery indicator(s) appear on the status
display panel?
1.
Turn off the computer and peripherals, and disconnect them from AC power. If you are using a
surge protector, remove it.
Yes. Go to step 5.
2.
Make sure the AC adapter is connected to the
computer, and verify that the power cable is
firmly attached to the AC adapter and to the AC
power source.
No. Go to step 6.
5.
Does the computer boot successfully?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
To determine if there is any power to the computer, make
a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5
and fill it out as you complete the following procedure:
1.
Turn off the computer, wait a few seconds, and
then turn on the computer again. Do the indicators appear on the status display panel?
Remove any installed batteries, and disconnect
the AC adapter. Then reinstall the batteries,
reconnect the AC adapter, and turn on the
See “Checking Connections” found earlier in this
chapter.
Troubleshooting Your Computer
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3.
Does the light-emitting diode (LED) on top of the
AC adapter turn on?
5.
Yes. Go to step 4.
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. The AC adapter may be defective. Go to step 5.
4.
No. The battery is defective. Call Dell for technical
assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for
instructions.)
Turn on the computer. Does the power indicator
appear in the status display panel?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
6.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Call Dell for technical assistance.
Total Power Failure When Using a Battery
1.
Turn off the computer and peripherals. Disconnect the peripherals from AC power.
2.
Reseat each installed battery by first removing and
then replacing the battery in its compartment.
3.
Turn on the computer. Does the battery status
indicator appear in the status display panel?
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See
Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
7.
No. Use the AC adapter to connect your computer to
AC power. If the computer operates normally when
using AC power, go to step 7. If the computer does
not boot when using the AC adapter, see the previous
subsection, “Total Power Failure When Using the AC
Adapter.”
4.
8.
Does the battery status indicator in the status
display panel indicate that the battery is fully
charged?
Yes. The problem is resolved. Turn on the computer.
No. You may have a defective battery. Go to step 9.
9.
If a fully charged spare battery is available,
install it in the computer.
10. Turn on the computer. Does the battery status
indicator appear in the status display panel?
Is the battery status indicator blinking?
Yes. Go to step 7.
No. Go to step 5.
3-14
Use the AC adapter to fully charge the battery.
For instructions, see the topic titled “Charging the
Battery” in the online System User’s Guide. The battery charges in approximately 1.5 hours, using an
AC power source, if the computer is off; the battery
charges in approximately 2.5 hours if the computer is
on.
Allow one minute for the computer to initialize its
components before checking for signs of power.
Yes. Go to step 4.
Is there a single bar on the far left of the battery
status indicator?
Yes. The battery is too hot. Turn off the computer,
remove the battery, and then let it cool to room temperature. Then reinstall the battery, reboot the
computer, and go back to step 3. (If you return to
step 6 the second time you perform this procedure,
call Dell for technical assistance. See Chapter 5,
“Getting Help,” for instructions.
See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.
If an AC adapter is not connected to your computer, the
computer’s power source is its battery. If the battery status indicator does not appear in the status display panel
when you turn on the computer, the battery’s charge may
be depleted. If the battery status indicator is empty, the
battery may be nearly out of charge or defective. To
troubleshoot this problem, make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5 and fill it out as you
complete the following procedure:
Does the battery status indicator remain steady,
and does the AC power indicator appear in the
status display panel?
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
Yes. Your original battery is defective. Call Dell for
technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,”
for instructions.)
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
55899BK1.BK : 55899c31.fm Page 15 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
No Power to a Part of the Computer
3.
Reinstall the diskette drive.
If the power indicator shows that your computer is
receiving power, but the display remains blank, part of
your computer is probably not receiving power. To troubleshoot this problem, make a copy of the Diagnostics
Checklist found in Chapter 5 and fill it out as you complete the following procedure:
4.
Reboot the computer. Does the diskette-drive
access indicator appear in the status display panel
during the boot routine?
1.
Turn off the computer and peripherals, and disconnect them from AC power. Disconnect any
attached peripherals from the computer.
5.
2.
Make sure that the AC adapter is connected to
the computer and to AC power, or confirm that a
fully charged battery is properly seated in its
compartment.
3.
Turn on the computer. Is the display on?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. Go to step 5.
Remove and reinsert the diskette drive (or
disconnect and reconnect the drive if used
externally). Reboot the computer. Does the
diskette-drive access indicator appear in the
status display panel during the boot routine?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. Go to step 9.
6.
Does the computer display a drive error message?
Allow one minute for the computer to initialize its
components before checking for signs of power.
Yes. See Table 3-2 for an explanation of the message,
and then go to step 7.
Yes. The entire computer is receiving power; the
problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 9.
No. Adjust the brightness of the display. If the display still does not show an image, call Dell for
technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,”
for instructions.)
7.
Insert a bootable 1.44-MB diskette into the drive,
and reboot the computer.
8.
Does the diskette-drive access indicator appear in
the status display panel (or on the front of the
drive if it is being used externally) during the boot
routine, and does the drive boot the operating
system?
NOTE: Contrast cannot be adjusted on an activematrix color display.
Yes. The diskette drive problem has probably been
resolved. If you continue to experience trouble, call
Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive
During the power-on self-test (POST), the computer
checks the diskette drive, comparing its characteristics
with the system configuration information. (The diskettedrive access indicator appears in the status display panel
as the computer performs this check on a diskette drive in
the options bay.)
If the drive fails POST or if the access indicators do not
appear, make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found
in Chapter 5 and fill it out as you complete the following
procedure:
1.
Remove the diskette drive from the options bay.
2.
Save your work in any open application programs, and then shut down the computer.
No. Go to step 9.
9.
Call Dell for technical assistance.
See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.
Troubleshooting the CD-ROM Drive
During POST, the computer checks the CD-ROM drive,
comparing its characteristics with the system configuration information. (The CD-ROM/hard-disk drive access
indicator blinks as the computer performs this check.)
Troubleshooting Your Computer
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If a failure occurs with the drive, make a copy of the
Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5 and fill it out as
you complete the following procedure:
1.
Remove the CD-ROM drive from the options bay.
2.
Save your work in any open application programs, and then shut down the computer.
3.
Reinstall the CD-ROM drive.
4.
Reboot the computer. Does the CD-ROM/harddisk drive access indicator appear in the status
display panel during the boot routine.
10. Insert your Dell Diagnostics diskette into drive A,
and reboot the computer. Then run the IDE
CD-ROM Drives test group. Does your CD-ROM
drive pass all the tests?
Yes. Return to step 1, and perform this troubleshooting procedure again. If you continue to experience
trouble, call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
No. Go to step 11.
11. Call Dell for technical assistance.
See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Remove and reinsert the CD-ROM drive. Reboot
the computer. Does the CD-ROM/hard-disk drive
access indicator appear in the status display panel
during the boot routine?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. Go to step 10.
6.
Remove the hard-disk drive, and boot the computer. Does the CD-ROM/hard-disk drive access
indicator appear in the status display panel?
Troubleshooting the Hard-Disk Drive
During POST, the computer checks the hard-disk drive,
comparing its characteristics with the system configuration information. (The CD-ROM/hard-disk drive access
indicator blinks as the computer performs this check.) If a
failure occurs with the drive, make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5 and fill it out as you
complete the following procedure:
1.
Shut down the computer.
2.
Reboot the computer. Does the CD-ROM/harddisk drive access indicator appear in the status
display panel during the boot routine, and does
the drive boot the operating system?
Yes. Go to step 7.
No. Go to step 10.
7.
Reinstall the hard-disk drive. Then check the
config.sys file (in Windows 95, check the
CD-ROM configuration in the Settings folder). Is
the CD-ROM driver (tsycdrom.sys) installed?
Yes. Go to step 8.
No. Load the driver, and return to step 1 to begin this
procedure again. (To load the driver, use the program
diskette sets you made when you first received your
Dell computer.)
8.
Insert a bootable diskette into drive A, and reboot
the computer.
9.
Type d: and press <Enter>. Then type dir and
press <Enter>. Does MS-DOS display the root
directory contents for drive D?
Yes. If a message appears on the display, see
Table 3-2 for an explanation of the message and
possible corrective actions. Then go to step 7.
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Insert a bootable diskette into drive A, and reboot
the computer.
4.
Type c: and press <Enter>. Then type dir and
press <Enter>. Does MS-DOS display the root
directory contents for drive C?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 10.
3-16
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
If your hard-disk drive has more than one logical
drive, type d: and press <Enter>. Then type dir
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and press <Enter>. Does MS-DOS display the
root directory contents for drive D?
Yes. You may have a corrupted boot sector or file
allocation table (FAT) on drive C. Go to step 9.
No. Go to step 8.
6.
Rename your autoexec.bat and config.sys files,
remove the operating system diskette from
drive A, and reboot the computer. Does the operating system load now?
Yes. You have an error in your autoexec.bat or
config.sys file. Use a text editor to examine the
contents of these files and locate the error. For information on the correct syntax for commands in these
files, see the documentation that accompanied your
operating system.
Troubleshooting an External Keyboard
When you attach an external keyboard, the built-in keyboard remains fully functional except for the embedded
numeric keypad. During POST, the computer checks
whether an external keyboard is connected; if it is, the
computer recognizes both the built-in keyboard and the
external keyboard. If an attached external keyboard does
not work when you boot the computer, make a copy of
the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5 and fill it
out as you complete the following procedure:
1.
Turn off the computer, and then remove the keyboard cable and check it for bent pins.
2.
Reboot the computer.
3.
Make sure the cable from the external keyboard
is firmly connected to the keyboard/mouse connector on the back of the computer. (See
“Checking Connections” found earlier in this
chapter.)
4.
If you are using a keyboard that can be configured with various switch settings, make sure the
switch is set to PS/2, Enhanced XT/AT, or PC/AT.
No. Go to step 7.
7.
Insert your diagnostics diskette into drive A, and
reboot the computer. Then run the Hard-Disk
Drives (Non-SCSI) test group. Does your drive
pass all the tests?
Yes. Go to step 8.
The switch settings are usually on the bottom of the
keyboard, sometimes behind a panel tab.
No. Go to step 9.
8.
Replace your diagnostics diskette with the operating system diskette, and reboot the computer.
Does the operating system load now?
Yes. The hard-disk drive may contain a corrupted
operating system or it may have bad sectors. Reinstall the operating system as described in the
documentation that came with it. If reinstalling the
operating system does not correct the problem, go to
step 9.
No. Go to step 9.
9.
Call Dell for technical assistance.
See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.
5.
Turn off the computer, wait one minute, and then
turn it on again. During the boot routine, do the
Num Lock, Caps Lock, and Scroll Lock indicators
on the external keyboard blink momentarily?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. You may have a defective keyboard. Go to
step 9.
6.
Does the computer recognize the external
keyboard?
Use the external keyboard to type some characters.
Do they appear on the display?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 7.
Troubleshooting Your Computer
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7.
Turn off the computer, and disconnect the external keyboard from the computer.
6.
Pull the hard-disk drive straight out of the computer. The memory module cover will now lift off.
8.
Turn on the computer. Does the computer recognize the built-in keyboard?
7.
Remove any installed memory modules from
their sockets on the system board.
Carefully spread apart the inner metal tabs of the
memory module socket just far enough for the memory module to disengage from the socket (the
module should pop up slightly). Then lift the memory module away from the socket.
Allow one minute for the computer to initialize its
components. Then use the computer’s built-in
keyboard to type some characters. Do the characters
appear on the display?
Yes. The external keyboard may be defective. Run
the Keyboard test group in the Dell Diagnostics. If
you cannot isolate the problem after running the
diagnostics, call Dell for technical assistance.
8.
A loose or disconnected memory module may cause
intermittent memory problems. Removing and reinstalling, or reseating, a memory module often
corrects the problem.
No. Go to step 9.
9.
Call Dell for technical assistance.
See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.
Align the notch in the edge connector with the slot in
the center of the memory module socket. Press the
memory module’s edge connector firmly into the
socket. Pivot the module down until it clicks.
Troubleshooting Memory
During POST, the computer checks the computer’s memory, and then writes to and reads from the number of
available bytes to ensure proper operation. If the memory
count displayed is less than the amount installed, make a
copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5 and
fill it out as you complete the following procedure:
1.
Reboot the computer. Does the random-access
memory (RAM) count displayed correctly match
the actual amount of memory installed in the
computer?
Yes. The computer needed to update the memory; the
memory check phase is OK now.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Save all your work, exit any open application programs, and remove any installed batteries.
3.
Turn off the computer, and disconnect it from the
AC adapter. Then disconnect the AC adapter
from AC power. Turn off any attached peripherals, and disconnect them from their power
sources and then from the computer.
4.
Ground yourself by touching one of the metal
connectors on the back of the computer.
5.
Turn the computer over, and remove the two
screws securing the hard-disk drive.
3-18
Reseat the memory modules, and then replace the
memory module cover.
To replace the memory module cover, align the two
tabs on the memory module cover with the memory
module opening, and slide the cover in place.
NOTE: The memory module cover is not secure until
the hard-disk drive is back in place.
9.
Reinstall the hard-disk drive, align the screw
holes, and replace the two screws removed in
step 5.
10. Reboot the computer, and press <F2> when
prompted to enter the Setup program.
11. In the Main menu of the Setup program, make
sure that the value in the Extended Memory field
is at least 15 MB.
Yes. A memory module was loose; the memory
check phase is OK now.
No. Go to step 12.
12. Call Dell for technical assistance.
See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.
Troubleshooting the Built-In Display
If the computer is receiving power, but nothing appears
on your display (such as light, text, or graphics) or the
display image does not appear as you would expect,
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
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make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5 and fill it out as you complete the following
procedure.
8.
Yes. Refer to Table 3-2 or Table 3-3 to find the message or beep code, respectively, along with its
explanation. If you can’t find the message or code,
call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5,
“Getting Help,” for instructions.)
NOTE: The highest video resolution supported by a
12.1-inch SVGA built-in display is 800 x 600 pixels. A
13.3-inch XGA built-in display supports 1024 x 768 pixels. If your application program uses a higher resolution,
you must attach an external video graphics array (VGA)
monitor to your computer.
1.
No. If you still have a display problem but the display is not completely blank, run the Video test
group in the Dell Diagnostics. Then call Dell for
technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,”
for instructions.)
If the computer is running, press any key on the
built-in keyboard. Is the full display readable?
Yes. The computer was in standby or suspend mode.
The problem is resolved.
9.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Is an external monitor connected to the
computer?
Turn off your computer, and connect an external
monitor to the computer.
10. Turn on the computer and the monitor, and
adjust the monitor’s brightness and contrast controls. Is the monitor readable?
Yes. Go to step 3.
Yes. The computer’s display may be defective. Call
Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
No. Go to step 4.
3.
Has an error message appeared on the display, or
has a beep code sounded?
Press the <Fn><F8> key combination. Is the full
display readable?
No. The computer’s video controller on the system
board may be defective. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for
instructions.)
Yes. The Video Mode option in the Setup program
was set to CRT Mode.
No. Go to step 4.
4.
Turn off the computer and any attached peripherals. Disconnect all peripherals from the
computer.
5.
Make sure the AC adapter is firmly connected to
the computer and to an AC power source, or verify that a fully charged battery is properly seated
in its compartment.
6.
Turn on the computer. Is the display on?
Troubleshooting an External Monitor
During POST, the computer checks to see if an external
monitor is attached to the computer. If no image appears
on the external monitor when the computer boots, make a
copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5 and
fill it out as you complete the following procedure:
1.
Allow one minute for the computer to initialize its
components.
7.
Is the Video Display Device option in the Setup
program set to LCD Mode?
Yes. Go to step 7.
Yes. If the Video Display Device option is set to
LCD Mode, the computer ignores the presence of an
external monitor at start-up. Go to step 2.
No. Go to step 9.
No. Go to step 2.
Use the <Fn> down-arrow or <Fn> up-arrow key
combination to adjust the brightness. Is the full
display readable?
2.
Press the <Fn><F8> key combination on the
built-in keyboard several times. Does an image
appear on the external monitor?
Yes. Go to step 8.
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 9.
No. Go to step 3.
Troubleshooting Your Computer
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Make sure the external monitor’s video cable is
firmly connected to the computer’s externalmonitor connector, and verify that the monitor’s
power cable (if it has one) is firmly plugged into
an AC power source. Make sure the monitor is
turned on.
Troubleshooting the Serial and Parallel
Ports
4.
Check the monitor cable for bent pins.
5.
Turn off the computer, wait a minute, and then
turn the computer back on. Adjust the monitor’s
brightness and contrast controls. Is the monitor
readable?
If a system error message indicates a port problem or if
equipment connected to a port seems to perform incorrectly or not at all, the source of the problem may be
any of the following:
3.
Allow one minute for the computer to initialize its
components.
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 6.
6.
7.
Raise your computer’s display into viewing position, if necessary, and press <Fn><F8> to switch
the video image from the external monitor to the
display.
Use the <Fn> down-arrow or <Fn> up-arrow key
combination to adjust the brightness. Is the full
display readable?
Yes. The external monitor may be defective. Go to step 8.
No. The video controller on the system board may be
defective. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See
Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
8.
Turn off the computer and any attached peripherals. Disconnect all peripherals from the
computer. Attach another external monitor to the
computer.
This section provides a procedure for troubleshooting the
computer’s serial and parallel ports (shown in Figure 3-4)
and any attached peripheral devices.
•
A faulty connection between the I/O port and the
peripheral device
•
•
Incorrect settings for system setup options
•
A faulty cable between the I/O port and the peripheral device
•
•
•
•
A faulty peripheral device
1.
Lack of drivers
Check the settings for the Serial Port and Parallel
Port Mode options in the System Devices menu of
the Setup program.
For information on the Setup program, see
Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features.” Are the
communication port options set correctly for the
peripheral devices connected to the computer?
Yes. Go to step 3.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Yes. The original monitor is defective. Call Dell for
technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,”
for instructions.)
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
3-20
Conflicting COM port settings
Make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5,
and fill it out as you complete the following procedure:
Reboot the computer, and adjust the monitor’s
brightness and contrast. Is the monitor readable?
Allow one minute for the computer to initialize its
components.
Faulty I/O port logic on the system board
Troubleshooting the Basic I/O Functions
If you do not have another external monitor, call Dell
for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting
Help,” for instructions.)
9.
Incorrect settings in the operating system’s configuration files
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
Change the Serial Port and Parallel Port Mode
options to the appropriate settings, and then
reboot the system.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 3.
55899BK1.BK : 55899c31.fm Page 21 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
3.
Check the contents of your initialization and
start-up files. (See “Installing and Configuring
Software” found earlier in this chapter.)
3.
Turn on the parallel printer and computer.
4.
Attempt a print operation on the parallel printer.
Does the print operation complete successfully?
Are the port configuration commands correct?
Yes. You probably need a new interface cable. Call
Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
Yes. Go to step 5.
No. Go to step 4.
4.
Change the necessary statements in the start-up
files.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
If the port problem is confined to a particular application program, see the application program’s
documentation for specific port configuration
requirements.
Does the self-test complete successfully?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. The printer is probably defective. If you bought
the printer from Dell, call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for
instructions.) If you purchased the printer elsewhere,
take it to one of the manufacturer’s authorized service centers for repair.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Insert your diagnostics diskette into drive A,
reboot the computer, and run the Serial/Infrared
Ports test group and/or the Parallel Ports test
group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics.”)
The Serial/Infrared Ports test group and the Parallel
Ports test group check the basic functions of the system board’s I/O port logic. Also, if a parallel printer
is connected to the parallel port, the Parallel Ports
test group tests the communication link between the
system board’s I/O port logic and the printer.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
6.
If the problem persists, go to “Troubleshooting a
Parallel Printer” or “Troubleshooting a Serial
I/O Device” found later in this chapter.
Run the parallel printer’s self-test.
6.
Attempt another print operation on the parallel
printer.
Does the print operation complete successfully?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
If the procedure titled “Troubleshooting the Basic I/O
Functions” found earlier in this section indicates that the
problem is with a device connected to one of the serial
ports, use the following procedure:
1.
Save any open application programs, and then
turn off the computer and the serial device.
2.
Swap the device’s interface cable with a known
working cable.
3.
Turn on the computer and the serial device.
Troubleshooting a Parallel Printer
Is the problem resolved?
If the preceding procedure, “Troubleshooting the Basic
I/O Functions,” indicates that the problem is with a parallel printer, use the following procedure:
Yes. You probably need a new interface cable. Call
Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
1.
Turn off the parallel printer and computer.
No. Go to step 4.
2.
Swap the parallel printer’s interface cable with a
known working cable.
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4.
Yes. The infrared port is functioning properly. There
may be a problem with the infrared application program or with the external device. Check the
documentation that came with the application program and with the external device.
Turn off the computer and the serial device, and
swap the device with a comparable working
device.
For example, if your serial mouse has a problem,
swap it with a serial mouse you know is working
properly.
5.
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
Turn on the computer and the serial device.
Is the problem resolved?
Troubleshooting the Touch Pad
Yes. You probably need a new device. Call Dell for
technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,”
for instructions.)
This section provides a procedure for troubleshooting the
computer’s built-in touch pad.
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
Make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5, and fill it out as you complete the following
procedure:
Troubleshooting the Infrared Port
1.
This section provides a procedure for troubleshooting the
computer’s infrared (IR) port.
For information on the Setup program, see Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features.” Is the PS/2
Mouse option set to Enabled?
Make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5, and fill it out as you complete the following
procedure:
1.
Check the setting for the Infrared Port option in
the System Devices menu of the Setup program.
Yes. Go to step 3.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
For information on the Setup program, see Chapter 2, “Customizing System Features.” Is the Infrared
option set correctly for the external device with
which you are communicating?
Yes. Go to step 3.
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Change the Infrared Port option to the appropriate setting, and then reboot the system.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Insert your diagnostics diskette into drive A,
reboot the computer, and run the Serial/IR Ports
test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4,
“Running the Dell Diagnostics.”) Do the tests
complete successfully?
The Serial/Infrared Ports test group checks the basic
functions of the computer’s infrared logic.
3-22
Change the PS/2 Mouse option to Enabled, and
then reboot the system. Does the touch pad work
properly?
Yes. The problem is resolved.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Check the setting for the PS/2 Mouse option in
the System Devices menu of the Setup program.
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
Insert your diagnostics diskette into drive A,
reboot the computer, and run the Mouse Test in
the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4, “Running
the Dell Diagnostics.”) Do the tests complete
successfully?
The Mouse test checks the functionality of the
mouse controller (which affects the ability to move
the pointer around the screen) and the operation of
the touch pad buttons.
Yes. The controller is functioning properly. If the
problem persists, call Dell for technical assistance.
(See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
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Troubleshooting Audio Functions
This section provides a procedure for troubleshooting the
computer’s sound functions.
Make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5, and fill it out as you complete the following
procedure:
Yes. The controller is functioning properly. If the problem
persists, call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5,
“Getting Help,” for instructions.)
No. Call Dell for technical assistance. (See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions.)
Insert your diagnostics diskette into drive A, reboot the
computer, and run the Audio test group in the Dell Diagnostics. (See Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics.”)
Do the tests complete successfully?
The Audio test group checks the functionality of the
audio controller.
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3-24
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Chapter 4
Running the Dell Diagnostics
nlike many diagnostic programs, the Dell DiagnosU
tics allows you to check the computer’s hardware without
any additional equipment and without destroying any
data. By using the Dell Diagnostics, you can have confidence in the computer’s operation. If you find a problem
you cannot solve by yourself, the Dell diagnostic tests
can provide you with important information you will
need when talking to Dell’s service and support
personnel.
diagnostic test groups or subtests also have these helpful
features:
•
Options that let you run tests individually or
collectively
•
An option that allows you to choose the number of
times a test group or subtest is repeated
•
The ability to display test results, print them, or save
them in a file
•
Options to suspend testing when an adjustable error
limit is reached
•
A menu option called About that briefly describes
each test and its parameters
•
NOTE: If the computer does not boot, call Dell for technical assistance. See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for
instructions.
Status messages that inform you whether test groups
or subtests were completed successfully
•
Error messages that appear if any problems are
detected
Features of the Dell Diagnostics
When to Use the Dell
CAUTION: Use the Dell Diagnostics to test only
your Dell computer. Using this program with other
computers may cause incorrect computer
responses or result in misleading error messages.
To troubleshoot components or devices, run the appropriate test (test group or subtest) in the diagnostics on your
Dell Diagnostics Diskette. The diagnostics program exercises the functional components and devices of the
computer more vigorously and thoroughly than they are
exercised during normal operation.
The Dell Diagnostics provides a series of menus and
options from which you choose particular test groups or
subtests. Each diagnostic test group or subtest allows you
to control important testing parameters. You can also
control the sequence in which the tests are run. The
Diagnostics
Whenever a major component or device in the computer
does not function properly, the component or device may
have failed. As long as the microprocessor and input/
output (I/O) components of the computer (the display,
keyboard, and diskette drive) are working, use the Dell
Diagnostics. If you are experienced with computers and
know what component(s) you need to test, select the
appropriate diagnostic test group(s) or subtest(s). If you
are unsure about how to begin diagnosing a problem,
read the rest of this chapter.
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Before You Start Testing
Starting the Dell Diagnostics
Follow these steps to safeguard your master copy of the
Dell Diagnostics Diskette:
After you complete the preliminary instructions specified
in the previous section, follow these steps to start the
diagnostics:
1.
Make a working copy of the Dell Diagnostics
Diskette on a blank diskette.
Refer to your operating system’s documentation for
information on how to duplicate diskettes. Put the
original diskette away for safekeeping.
2.
Disconnect any attached printers.
3.
Set default values in the Setup program.
a.
In the Exit menu, choose Get Default Values.
b.
Choose Yes when prompted to load the default
configuration.
For additional instructions, see the topic titled
“Setup Program” in the online System User’s Guide.
4.
In the Setup program, confirm the following settings in the System Devices menu:
Plug & Play OS = [No]
Serial Port = [Auto]
Infrared Port = [Auto]
Parallel Port = [Auto]
Audio = [Enabled]
1st DMA Channel = [DMA 1]
2nd DMA Channel = [DMA 3]
5.
In the Power menu of the Setup program, confirm that the Power Management Mode option is
set to Disabled.
6.
Press <F10> to save the settings and exit the
Setup program.
7.
Attach an AC adapter to the computer.
Although it is possible to run the Dell Diagnostics on
a computer using battery power, connecting the computer to AC power helps ensure that power will not
be lost during the tests.
4-2
NOTE: You must have a diskette-drive cable to perform
the following procedure. If you do not have a diskettedrive cable, you can order one from Dell. See Chapter 5,
Getting Help,” for information on contacting Dell.
1.
Install a CD-ROM drive in the options bay.
For instructions, see the topic titled “Options Bay” in
the online System User’s Guide.
2.
Attach the diskette drive to the parallel port connector on the back of the computer.
For instructions, see the topic titled “Parallel
Devices” in the online System User’s Guide.
3.
Turn off the computer.
4.
Place the Dell Diagnostics Diskette in the diskette
drive, and boot the computer.
NOTE: Before you read the rest of this chapter, you may
want to start the Dell Diagnostics so you can see the
menus on your display.
When you start the diagnostics, the Dell logo screen
appears, and a program tests the random-access memory
(RAM) that will be used by the diagnostics.
If a failure in RAM is detected, a message appears on the
screen telling you the memory address of the defective
memory module. Write down the memory address and
see Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
If no errors are found in RAM, the diagnostics loads and
the Diagnostics Menu appears (see Figure 4-1). The
menu allows you to exit to the MS-DOS prompt.
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Dell Computer Corporation
Dell Inspiron 3000 Diagnostics
DIAGNOSTICS MENU
Run All Tests
RUn Quick Tests
Run Specific Tests
Exit To MS-DOS
How to Use the Dell Diagnostics
When you select Run All Tests or Run Specific Tests
from the Diagnostics Menu, the main screen of the diagnostics appears (see Figure 4-2). The main screen lists the
diagnostic test groups, gives information about the configuration of the computer, and allows you to select
options from a menu.
To select an option from the Diagnostics Menu, highlight
the option and press <Enter>, or press the key that corresponds to the highlighted letter in the option.
Information on the main screen of the diagnostics is presented in the following five areas:
Figure 4-1. Diagnostics Menu
For a quick check of your system, select the Run Quick
Tests option. This option runs only the subtests that do
not require user interaction and that do not take a long
time to run. Dell recommends that you choose this option
first to increase the odds of tracing the source of the problem quickly. For a complete check of your system, select
the Run All Tests option. To check a particular area of
your system, select the Run Specific Tests option.
Completing the Dell Diagnostics
After you complete the Dell Diagnostics, use the Setup
program to restore the computer’s previous configuration.
In the Exit menu of the Setup program, select Reset to
Factory Default Values or Reset to Previous Values.
Selecting Reset to Factory Default Values restores the
Setup configuration to its original state. Selecting Reset
to Previous Values restores the last user-specified
configuration.
•
Two lines at the top of the screen identify the
diagnostics and give its version number.
•
On the left side of the screen, the Available test
groups area lists the diagnostic test groups in the
order they will be run if you select the Run menu
option and then the All menu option. Press the upor down-arrow key to highlight a test group.
•
On the right side of the screen, the System Configuration area lists the computer’s current hardware
settings.
•
At the bottom of the screen is the menu area. The
first line lists the options you can select; press the
left- or right-arrow key to highlight a menu option.
The second line gives information about the option
currently highlighted.
CAUTION: While the diagnostic tests are running,
do not interrupt the tests, do not unplug the AC
adapter (or plug one in if you are running the tests
from battery power), and do not reboot the computer. Interrupting the tests in any of these ways
could lead to the loss of system data.
Running the Dell Diagnostics
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Dell Computer Corporation
Dell System Diagnostics
System Configuration
Available Test Groups
Memory
16 MB
Secondary Cache
256
Processor(s)
1-Pentium(R)/MMX
USB (0)
Intel(R) 7112
Video
SVGA,2048 KB
Keyboard
Integrated
Mouse
Integrated
Diskette Drive(s)
A:1.4MB
IDE (0)2168 MB, 0525 Cyl, 128 Hd, 63 Se
Serial IR Ports
2
Audio
IRQ 5, DMA 0, CS4237B
Parallel Ports
1
Network Interface
None
RAM
System Set
Video
Keyboard
Mouse
Diskette Drives
Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI)
IDE CD ROM Drives
Serial/Infrared Ports
Parallel Ports
Audio
Main Menu: Run Select
Display the Run Menu.
Subtest
Options
Test Limits
About Key-Help Quit
Press Q to Quit
* On the Dell Inspiron 3000, a CD-ROM drive installed in the options bay is recognized as IDE Drive 1.
Figure 4-2. Main Screen of the Dell Diagnostics
Confirming the System
Configuration Information
When you boot the computer from your diagnostics diskette, the diagnostics checks your system configuration
information and displays it in the System Configuration
area on the main screen.
The following sources supply this configuration information for the diagnostics:
•
The system configuration information that you
selected through the system setup options
•
Identification tests of the microprocessor, the video
controller, the keyboard controller, and other key
components
4-4
•
Basic input/output system (BIOS) configuration
information temporarily saved in RAM
Do not be concerned if the System Configuration area
does not list the names of all the components or devices
you know are part of the computer. For example, you
may not see a printer listed, although you know one is
attached to the computer. Instead, the printer is listed as a
parallel port. The computer recognizes the parallel port
as LPT1, which is an address that tells the computer
where to send outgoing information and where to look
for incoming information. Because your printer is a
parallel communications device, the computer recognizes the printer by its LPT1 address and identifies it as a
parallel port.
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How to Use the Menu
One of the menu options is already highlighted at the bottom of the screen. You can move the highlighting from
one option to another by pressing the left- or right-arrow
key. As you move from one menu option to another, a
brief explanation of the currently highlighted option
appears on the bottom line of the screen.
(The test groups or subtests are run in the order they are
listed.)
The Key-Help option displays a list of key controls available for the selected option. The Quit Menu option
returns you to the Main menu.
Select
If you want more information about a test group or subtest, move the highlight to the About option and press
<Enter>. After reading the information, press <Esc> to
return to the previous screen.
Select allows you to select individual test groups to tailor
the testing process to your particular needs. You can
choose one or more test groups and run them sequentially
or individually. When you choose Select, five options are
displayed: All, One, Clear All, Key-Help, and Quit
Menu.
Main Menu Options
To select all the test groups, highlight All in the Select
menu, and press <Enter>. To select an individual test
group, either press the up- or down-arrow key to highlight the test group and then press the <Spacebar>, or
highlight One in the Select menu and press <Enter>.
The Main menu of the diagnostics main screen lists eight
options: Run, Select, Subtest, Options, Test Limits,
About, Key-Help, and Quit.
NOTE: Before running any test groups or subtests (by
selecting Run and then All), you should consider setting global parameters within the Options option. They offer you
greater control over how the test groups or subtests are run
and how their results are reported.
There are two ways to select a menu option:
To reverse a test group selection, highlight the test group
and press the <Spacebar>. To clear all selected test
groups, select Clear All.
The Key-help option displays a list of key controls available for the selected option. The Quit Menu option
returns you to the Main menu.
•
Type the capitalized letter in the option (for example,
type r to select the Run option).
Subtest
•
Use the left- or right-arrow key to highlight the
option, and then press <Enter>.
Most of the test groups consist of several subtests. Use
the Subtest option to select individual subtests within the
test group(s).
Whenever one of the eight options is selected, additional
choices become available.
The following subsections explain the menu options as
listed from left to right in the Main menu.
When you select Subtest, many of the same options as
those on the Main menu are displayed: Run, Select,
Options, Test Limits, About, Key-Help, and Quit Menu.
Each of these options is explained in the following
subsections.
Run
Run displays five options: One, Selected, All, Key-Help,
and Quit Menu. If you select One, only the highlighted
test group is run. If you choose Selected, the computer
runs the test groups, or the selected subtests within the
test groups that you selected. (Select test groups or subtests within test groups with the Select or Subtest options,
as described in the following subsections.) If you select
All, all of the subtests in all of the test groups are run.
Run (Under Subtest)
Run in the Subtest menu displays five options: One,
Selected, All, Key-Help, and Quit Menu. If you select
One, only the highlighted subtest is run. If you choose
Selected, only the selected subtests are run. If you select
All, every subtest in the selected test group is run. (The
subtests are run in the order they are listed.)
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The Key-Help option displays a list of available key controls. The Quit Menu option returns you to the previous
menu.
Select (Under Subtest)
Select in the Subtest menu allows you to select individual
subtests to tailor the testing process to your particular
needs. You can choose one or more subtests from the list.
When you choose Select, five options are displayed: All,
One, Clear All, Key-Help, and Quit Menu.
To select all the test groups, highlight All in the Select
menu, and then press <Enter>. To select an individual
subtest, either highlight the subtest and press the
<Spacebar> or highlight One and press <Enter>.
To reverse a subtest selection, highlight the subtest and
press the <Spacebar>. To clear all selected subtests,
select Clear All.
The Key-Help option displays a list of available key controls. The Quit Menu option returns you to the previous
menu.
Options (Under Subtest)
The Options option in the Subtest menu functions in the
same manner as the Options option in the Main menu.
For information on this option, see “Options” found later
in this section.
4-6
Test Limits (Under Subtest)
The Test Limits option in the Subtest menu functions in
the same manner as the Test Limits option in the Main
menu. For information on this option, see “Test Limits”
found later in this section.
About (Under Subtest)
The About option in the Subtest menu displays information about the highlighted subtest, such as its limits and
parameters and how to set them.
Key-Help (Under Subtest)
The Key-Help option in the Subtest menu displays a list
of available key controls.
Quit Menu (Under Subtest)
The Quit Menu option in the Subtest menu returns you to
the Main menu.
Options
Table 4-1 lists all possible values for each global parameter of Options. A brief description of each parameter
follows the table. To select a parameter, press the up- or
down-arrow key. To change the values within fields, use
the left- or right-arrow key, the <Spacebar> key, or the
plus (+) and minus (–) keys. If the value within a field is
numeric, you can type in the number. (If you make a mistake, type in zeros until the field is filled with zeros and
then start again.)
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Table 4-1. Option Parameters
Option Limit
Possible Values
Number of Times to Repeat Test(s)
0001 through 9999, or 0000, which loops indefinitely until you press the <Ctrl>
and <Break> keys. The default is 0001.
Maximum Errors Allowed
0000 through 9999, where 0000 means that there is no error limit. The default
is 0001.
Pause for User Response
Yes, No
Allows you to decide whether tests will wait for user input. The default is Yes
(to wait for user input).
Output Device for Status Messages
Display, Printer, File
If you have a printer attached to the computer, you can use it to print the status
messages, if any, that are generated when a test runs. (The printer must be
turned on and in the online mode to print.) If you select File, the status messages are printed to a file named result on the diagnostics diskette. The default
is Display.
Output Device for Error Messages
Display, Printer, File
If you have a printer attached to the computer, you can use it to print the error
messages, if any, that are generated when a test runs. (The printer must be
turned on and in the online mode to print.) If you select File, the error messages
are printed to a file named result on the diagnostics diskette. The default is
Display.
Number of Times to Repeat Test(s)
Pause for User Response
This parameter specifies the number of times the tests run
when you select Run. To change the default, type in the
desired value. If you type 0 (zero), the test is run until
you press <Ctrl><Break>.
If this parameter is set to Yes, the diagnostics pauses
when one of the following occurs:
•
Your interaction is needed to verify the Video test
group screens, the Keyboard test group key functions, or other types of interaction such as inserting a
diskette.
•
The maximum error limit is reached.
Maximum Errors Allowed
This parameter specifies the maximum number of errors
that can occur before testing is suspended. The error
count begins from zero each time you run a subtest or test
group individually or each time you select All to run all
of them. To change the default, type in the desired value.
If you type 0 (zero), testing continues, regardless of the
number of errors found, until you press <Ctrl><Break>.
To continue testing, press any key.
If the Pause for User Response parameter is set to No, the
diagnostics ignores subtests that require your interaction;
certain subtests can run only if this option is set to Yes
because they require user interaction. Set this parameter
to No when you want to bypass subtests that require user
interaction—such as when you run the diagnostics
overnight.
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Output Device for Status Messages
Ordinarily, all status messages appear only on the display. This parameter allows you to direct status messages
to either a printer or a file, in addition to the display. Use
the right-arrow key to select the option you want. If you
choose the Printer option, status messages print as they
occur. If you choose the File option, status messages are
written to a file named result. This file is automatically
created on the diagnostics diskette when you run the
diagnostics. If the result file already exists on the diskette, new status messages are added to it.
The result file is an ordinary American Standard Code for
Information Interchange (ASCII) text file. You can
access the result file through Windows Notepad by performing the following steps:
1.
Select Quit Menu to exit the diagnostics and return
to the MS-DOS prompt.
2.
Remove the Dell Diagnostics Diskette from the
diskette drive.
3.
Use the <Ctrl><Alt><Del> key combination to
reboot the computer.
4.
If necessary, start your operating system.
5.
Insert the Dell Diagnostics Diskette into the diskette
drive.
6.
Double-click The Notepad Icon. Then Select Open
from the File menu.
7.
In the File Name text box, type a:\result and
press <Enter>.
The contents of the file appear on the display.
You can also access the result file with the MS-DOS type
command:
1.
Select Quit Menu to exit the diagnostics and return
to the operating system prompt.
2.
At the operating system prompt, type the following command and press <Enter>:
type result
The contents of the file appear on the display.
After running particular diagnostic tests and viewing the
status messages generated by the tests in the result file,
you can delete the contents of the file so that it is empty
4-8
for the next set of messages generated. Otherwise, the
next messages are added to the end of the previous ones
in the file.
Output Device for Error Messages
Ordinarily, all error messages appear only on the display.
This parameter allows you to direct error messages to
either a printer or a file, in addition to the display. Use the
right-arrow key to select the option you want. If you
choose the Printer option, error messages print as they
occur. If you choose the File option, error messages are
written to the result file used for status messages. This
file is automatically created on your diagnostics diskette
when you run the diagnostics. If the result file already
exists on the diskette, new error messages are added to it.
The result file is an ordinary ASCII text file. You can
access and review the result file in Windows Notepad or
with the MS-DOS type command as described in the previous subsection, “Output Device for Status Messages.”
After running particular diagnostic tests and viewing the
error messages generated by the tests in the result file,
you can delete the contents of the file so that it is clear for
the next set of messages generated. Otherwise, the next
messages are added to the end of the previous ones in the
file.
Test Limits
NOTE: The diagnostics program sets default limits on all
tests. The only reason to change the defaults would be to
limit the amount of testing done. An exception is the
default limit for testing super video graphics array
(SVGA) modes. If you are testing an external monitor,
change the default to Yes.
The RAM test group, the Video test group, the Serial/
Infrared Ports test group, the Diskette Drives test group,
the Parallel Ports test group, and the Hard-Disk Drives
(Non-SCSI) test group allow you to designate limits.
Whether you select Test Limits for a highlighted test
group (from the Main menu) or a subtest (from the Subtest menu), you set the limits for all the subtests in that
test group. When you select Test Limits, a new screen
appears and the Key Help area lists keys to use with the
new screen.
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How you change a value for the limits of a test group or
subtest depends on the type of parameter associated with
it. Different keys are used to change values for different
types of parameters. For example, memory address limits
specified for the RAM test group are changed by typing
in numbers over the digits of a given limit or by pressing
the plus (+) or minus (–) key to increase or decrease the
given limit. In contrast, to set limits for the Serial Ports
test group, use the <Spacebar> to toggle between Yes and
No.
After you are satisfied with the limits, return to the main
screen of the diagnostics by pressing the <Esc> key. The
values you selected under Test Limits remain in effect
until you change them or exit the diagnostics. The values
are reset to their defaults when you restart the
diagnostics.
Press <Page Down> to select the next menu for the test
limits in a category.
About
Quit
Select Quit from the Main menu to exit the diagnostics
and return to an MS-DOS prompt. Remove your diagnostics diskette from drive A, and reboot the computer by
pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>.
CAUTION: It is important that you quit the diagnostics program correctly, because the program
writes data to the computer’s memory that can
cause problems unless properly cleared.
Tests in the Dell Diagnostics
The diagnostics is organized by components into test
groups and subtests within each test group. Each subtest
is designed to detect any errors that may interfere with
the normal operation of a specific device of the computer.
About in the Main menu displays information about the
highlighted test group, such as limits and parameters and
how to set them.
NOTE: Any subtest requiring hardware not listed in the
System Configuration area appears to run, but the subtest concludes with a status message stating Component
not available.
Key-Help
Table 4-2 lists the diagnostic test groups, their subtests,
and comments concerning their use.
Key-Help displays a list of key controls available for the
selected option.
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Table 4-2. Dell Diagnostics Tests
Test Groups
Subtests
Description
RAM
Quick Test
Comprehensive Test
Tests the RAM.
System Set
CMOS Confidence Test
DMA Controller Test
Real-Time Clock Test
System Speaker Test
Secondary Cache Test
System Timers Test
Interrupt Controller Test
Tests the system board’s support chips,
DMA controller, computer timer,
NVRAM, speaker controller, and, if
appropriate, the external cache and the
thermal-control device.
Coprocessor Calculation Test
Coprocessor Error Exception Test
Tests the math coprocessor that is internal to the microprocessor.
PC Card Controller Test
Tests the PC Card controller on the system board.
USB Register Test
Checks the built-in registers of the USB
interface. This subtest does not test USB
peripherals.
Video
Video Memory Test
Video Hardware Test
Text Mode Character Test
Text Mode Color Test
Text Mode Pages Test
Graphics Mode Test
Color Palettes Test
Solid Colors Test
Tests the monitor by checking various
aspects of video output.
Keyboard
Keyboard Controller Test
Keyboard Key Sequence Test
Keyboard Interactive Test
Stuck Key Test
Tests the keyboard by checking the keyboard controller and by finding keys that
stick or respond incorrectly.
Mouse
Mouse Test
Tests the electronic pointing device
(integrated touch pad, external serial or
PS/2 mouse).
Diskette Drives
Change Line Test
Seek Test
Read Test
Write Test
Tests a drive that uses removable
diskettes. Also tests the associated controlling devices and important parts of
the cabling.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
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Table 4-2. Dell Diagnostics Tests (continued)
Test Groups
Subtests
Description
Hard-Disk Drives
(Non-SCSI)
Disk Controller Test
Seek Test
Read Test
Write Test
Tests a drive that uses fixed, internal
disks. Also tests the associated controlling devices.
IDE CD ROM Drives
Drive Controller Test
Seek Test
Read Test
Audio Output Test
Eject Removable Media
Tests an IDE drive that uses removable
CD media. Also tests the associated controlling devices.
Serial/Infrared Ports
Serial/Infrared Baud Rate Test
Serial/Infrared Interrupt Test
Serial/Infrared Internal Transmission Test
Serial External Transmission Test
Tests the components through which
peripherals that use the serial or infrared
port, such as communications devices,
send and receive data.
Parallel Ports
Parallel Internal Test
Parallel External Loopback Test
Parallel External Interrupt Test
Parallel Printer Pattern Test
Tests the components through which
peripherals that use the parallel port,
such as printers, send and receive data.
Audio
Software Reset Test
Interrupt Test
DMA Test
Tests the operation of the audio chip set.
FM Sound Playback Test
Analog Sound Playback Test
Record and Playback Test
Tests the record and playback ability of
the internal microphone and speakers.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
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Error Messages
some data pattern problems that are internal to the
memory chips
When you run a test group or subtest in the diagnostics,
error messages may result. These particular error messages are not covered in this guide because the errors that
generate these messages can be resolved only with a
technician’s assistance. Record the messages on a copy of
the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5, and read
that chapter for instructions on obtaining technical
assistance.
•
A parity check that verifies the ability of the memory
subsystem to detect errors
•
A refresh check, to verify that the dynamic RAM
(DRAM) is being recharged properly
RAM Test Group
The subtests in the System Set test group check the computer’s basic system board components and verify their
related functions.
The RAM test group subtests check all the directly
addressable RAM.
Why Run a System Set Test?
Why Run a RAM Test?
Faulty memory can cause a variety of problems that may
not, at first glance, appear to be happening in RAM. If the
computer is displaying one or more of the following
symptoms, run both the subtests in the RAM test group to
verify that the memory is not at fault:
•
•
A program is not running as usual, or a proven piece
of software appears to malfunction and you confirm
that the software itself is not at fault. (You can confirm that the software is functioning properly by
moving it to another computer and running it there.)
The computer periodically locks up (becomes unusable and must be rebooted), especially at different
places and times in different programs.
System Set Test Group
The System Set subtests double-check many system
board components, such as the computer’s I/O circuitry,
that are tested by other test groups or subtests in the diagnostics. You should run the System Set test group if you
are having a problem and cannot isolate the failure or
malfunction to a particular system board component.
The System Set test group also verifies the proper operation of other computer components, such as the speaker,
that are not tested elsewhere in the diagnostics.
The following symptoms usually suggest a problem with
a component or subassembly that warrants running a System Set subtest:
•
A program is not running as usual, or a proven piece
of software appears to malfunction and you confirm
that the software itself is not at fault. (You can confirm that the software is functioning properly by
moving it to another computer and running it there.)
•
A PC Card you previously accessed can no longer be
accessed.
•
The computer periodically locks up, especially at
different places and times in different programs.
•
Parity errors or page fault failures (any error message that contains the word parity or page fault)
occur at any time during operation. These errors are
usually accompanied by a reference to an address,
which you should record on a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Chapter 5.
Subtests
Two subtests are available for RAM: the Quick Test and
the Comprehensive Test. The Quick Test performs an
address check to determine whether the computer is
properly setting and clearing individual bits in RAM, and
whether the RAM read and write operations are affecting
more than one memory address location at one time. This
subtest checks all available RAM. The Comprehensive
Test also performs an address check, as well as the
following:
•
Data pattern checks, to look for RAM bits that are
stuck high or low, short-circuited data lines, and
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•
Correcting errors in the system configuration information does not resolve a problem.
•
•
The computer’s clock/calendar stops.
•
•
•
The speaker no longer functions. The problem could
be a failure of the system timers as well as a failure
of the speaker itself. Run the System Timers Test,
followed by the System Speaker Test.
If a peripheral device appears to malfunction, run the
Interrupt Controllers Test. If the computer fails the
test, the problem lies with the interrupt controller; if
the computer passes, then the problem lies with the
peripheral device.
A spreadsheet program or other type of mathematical application runs abnormally slow, generates error
messages concerning calculations or operations, runs
incorrectly, or generates incorrect results; or a
proven piece of the program appears to malfunction
and you confirm that the software itself is not at
fault. (You can confirm that the software is not at
fault by moving the program to another computer
and running it there.)
The computer halts in the middle of performing calculations or complex mathematical operations.
•
Confirms the functionality of the secondary
(external) cache on the system board.
•
•
CMOS Confidence Test
Checks the nonvolatile RAM (NVRAM) for accessibility and reliability of data storage by performing a
data pattern check and verifying the uniqueness of
memory addresses.
•
DMA Controller Test
Tests the direct memory access (DMA) controller
and verifies the correct operation of its page and
channel registers by writing patterns to the registers.
•
Real-Time Clock Test
Confirms the functionality and accuracy of the computer’s real-time clock (RTC).
•
System Speaker Test
Checks the functionality of the speaker by generating eight tones.
System Timers Test
Checks the timers used by the microprocessor for
event counting, frequency generation, and other
functions. Only the functions that can be activated
by software are tested.
•
Interrupt Controller Test
Generates an interrupt on each interrupt request
(IRQ) line to verify that devices using that line can
communicate with the microprocessor and that the
interrupt controller sends the correct memory
addresses to the microprocessor.
•
Coprocessor Calculation Test
Checks the use of different types of numbers and the
math coprocessor’s ability to calculate correctly.
•
Coprocessor Error Exception Test
Verifies the math coprocessor’s ability to handle
errors and to send IRQs to the microprocessor.
•
PC Card Controller Test
Checks the functionality of the PC Card controller
on the system board.
Subtests
The subtests that constitute the System Set test group and
the computer functions they confirm follow:
Secondary Cache Test
•
USB Register Test
Checks the onboard registers of the USB interface.
This subtest does not test USB peripherals.
Video Test Group
The subtests in the Video test group verify the proper
operation of the video controller and the video control
circuitry installed in the computer. These subtests check
for the correct operation of the readable registers in the
video circuitry and the controller. They write, read, and
verify data patterns in the cursor registers of the controller. The Video test group also provides additional subtests
to test the color features of the color display or an external color monitor.
NOTE: The video subsystem of your computer’s display
may support video resolutions that are not supported on
an external monitor. When the video subtests are run on
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an external monitor, some of the test screens may flicker
and appear to malfunction. This condition does not affect
the accuracy of the video subtests or indicate a hardware
problem.
•
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present data
in text modes
•
Why Run a Video Test?
Many of the symptoms that would prompt you to run a
subtest in the Video test group are obvious, because the
display is the visual component of the computer. Before
you run the Video test group or any of its subtests, you
should make sure that the problem is not occurring in the
software or caused by a hardware change.
If the following symptoms still occur, run the appropriate
test(s) as follows:
•
•
•
If the alignment of text or images is off, regardless of
the program you are running, run the Text Mode
Character Test, Text Mode Pages Test, and Graphics
Mode Test.
•
If your display or external monitor malfunctions in
one mode but works fine in another (for example,
text is displayed correctly, but graphics are not), run
the Text Mode Character Test, Text Mode Color
Test, Text Mode Pages Test, and Graphics Mode
Test.
Subtests
The eight subtests in the Video test group confirm the following video functions:
•
Video Memory Test
Checks the read/write capability of the video memory in various video modes
•
Graphics Mode Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present data
and color in graphics modes
•
•
Text Mode Pages Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to map and
present all available video pages on the screen, one
page at a time
If your display or external monitor shows a partially
formed or distorted image, run all of the subtests in the
Video test group.
If the color on the display or external monitor is
intermittent or not displayed at all, run the Text
Mode Color Test, Color Palettes Test, and Solid
Colors Test.
Text Mode Color Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present color
in text modes
•
•
Text Mode Character Test
Color Palettes Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to display all of
the available colors
Solid Colors Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to show
screens full of solid colors, and allows you to check
for missing color pixels
Many of these tests display characters or graphics on the
screen for you to verify. Samples of these screens are
shown in Appendix B, “Diagnostic Video Tests.”
NOTE: The default limit for testing SVGA modes is No. If
you are testing an external monitor, change the default to Yes.
Keyboard Test Group
The subtests in the Keyboard test group verify the correct
operation of your keyboard and the keyboard controller
chip.
NOTE: If you test the <Fn> key, use either the Microsoft
Windows logo or the menu keys near the spacebar when
prompted to press the <----> key.
Video Hardware Test
Why Run a Keyboard Test?
Checks the cursor registers and the horizontal and
vertical retrace bit registers in the video controller
Keyboard problems are not always caused by the keyboard. For example, a complete lockup of the computer,
rendering the keyboard inoperable, is probably not
caused by a problem with the keyboard. There are two
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symptoms that are likely to be keyboard-related. Sometimes, the configuration of a program changes the
function of a key or key combination. Similarly, key configuration programs like ProKey can change a key’s
function. Because these programs are memory resident,
be sure to clear them out of the computer’s memory
before running a subtest in the Keyboard test group.
(Clear them from memory by booting the computer from
the Dell Diagnostics Diskette.) When these possibilities
have been eliminated, and if the following symptoms
occur, you should run one or more of the subtests in the
Keyboard test group:
•
When you press a key, the character represented by
that key appears repeatedly; the key seems to be
stuck. Run the Stuck Key Test.
•
When you press a key and the response is different
from the usual response or the response you anticipated, the key contact may be damaged. Run the
Keyboard Interactive Test.
•
When a key does not work at all, run all of the subtests in the Keyboard test group.
Mouse Test
The Mouse test checks the functionality of the mouse controller (which affects the ability to move the touch pad/
mouse pointer around the screen with its corresponding
movement on your desk or pad) and the operation of the
touch pad/mouse buttons.
Why Run the Mouse Test?
Touch pad or mouse problems are as likely to be caused
in RAM as they are to be caused by a faulty touch pad or
mouse. Three sources of problems include the configuration of a program (which changes the function of the
touch pad or mouse), memory-resident programs like
Sidekick or ProKey, and failure of a device driver (the
software that controls the functions of a touch pad or
mouse). If these possibilities have been eliminated and
the following symptoms persist, run the Mouse test:
•
When you press a touch pad or mouse button, the function of the button continues; the button seems to be stuck.
•
If the response when you press a touch pad or mouse
button is different from the usual response or the
response you anticipated, the button contact may be
damaged.
•
•
A touch pad or mouse button does not work at all.
Subtests
The four keyboard subtests confirm the following keyboard functions:
•
Keyboard Controller Test
Confirms the ability of the keyboard controller chip
to communicate with the keyboard and confirms the
programming of the controller chip
•
Keyboard Key Sequence Test
Verifies that the keys on the keyboard function correctly when you press them in a predefined order
•
Keyboard Interactive Test
Checks the internal microcode of the keyboard and
the external interface of the keyboard controller chip
for a malfunctioning key
•
Stuck Key Test
Checks the internal microcode of the keyboard and
the external interface of the keyboard controller chip
for a repeating key signal
The cursor does not respond on the screen in accordance with the movements you make with the touch
pad or external mouse.
Subtests
There are no subtests for the Mouse test.
Diskette Drives Test Group
The subtests in the Diskette Drives test group allow you
to test diskette drives of all capacities.
NOTES: Before running the Diskette Drives test group,
install a CD-ROM drive in the options bay and attach the
diskette drive to the parallel connector on the back of the
computer. The subtests in the test group will fail if you do not
have a diskette drive attached to the parallel connector.
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You must have a diskette-drive cable to perform the following procedure. If you do not have a diskette-drive
cable, you can order one from Dell. See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for information on contacting Dell.
•
Write Test
Positions the read/write heads at each cylinder of the
diskette and verifies that all tracks on the diskette
can be written to correctly
Why Run a Diskette Drives Test?
Very often, a diskette drive problem may first appear to
be a diskette problem. A box of defective diskettes might
produce faulty-drive error messages. The test results can
be confusing, so you should run the subtests in the Diskette Drives test group more than once using diskettes
from different sources.
Another possible cause of diskette drive problems is
human error—for example, typing a command in an
incorrect form (usually called a syntax error). Be sure you
have entered the command properly.
When the diskette and command syntax are eliminated as
causes, the following symptoms usually suggest a drive
problem and warrant running a subtest in the Diskette
Drives test group:
•
An error message appears on the screen stating that
the computer cannot read from or write to a diskette.
•
A diskette cannot be properly formatted, or format
error messages appear on the screen.
•
Data on diskettes is corrupted or lost; these problems
may be intermittent.
Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI) Test
Group
The subtests in the Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI) test
group check the functionality of up to two hard-disk
drives of any capacity. The subtests check the storage
capability of a drive as well as the hard-disk drive controller (which affects the ability to read from and write to
the drive).
Why Run a Hard-Disk Drives Test?
If you check your hard-disk drive to determine the
amount of available space, your operating system will
probably report problem areas. Problem areas on harddisk drives are common, because most hard-disk drives
have a small amount of space that is not usable. The
hard-disk drive keeps a record of this space so that the
computer will not attempt to use it. Identification of
unusable disk space, unless it is an unusually large
amount (over five percent of the possible total), should
not be regarded as a cause for testing the hard-disk drive.
Subtests
These are the most common symptoms that might prompt
you to test the hard-disk drive:
The four diskette drive subtests available in the Diskette
Drives test group confirm the following drive functions:
The hard-disk drive fails during the boot routine.
Change Line Test
•
•
Checks for bent pins on the diskette drive controller
and for defective lines on the diskette cable
•
An error message appears on the screen stating that
the computer cannot read from or write to the harddisk drive.
•
Data on the hard-disk drive is corrupted or lost; these
problems may be intermittent. Once saved by a program, files cannot be properly recalled.
•
•
Seek Test
Checks the drive’s ability to search for a specified
track on the diskette and to position the read/write
heads of the drive to all tracks
•
Read Test
Positions the read/write heads at each cylinder of the
diskette and verifies that all tracks on the diskette
can be read correctly
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Subtests
Why Run an IDE CD ROM Drives Test?
The four subtests in the Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI)
test group confirm the following drive functions:
If you encounter a problem while using an application
program on a CD, the problem could result from the disc
or from the drive. When you encounter problems, first try
using a different CD. If the problem recurs, run the IDE
CD ROM Drives test group.
•
Disk Controller Test
Checks the internal microcode of the hard-disk drive
controller
•
Seek Test
Checks the drive’s ability to search for a specified
track on the drive and to position the read/write
heads of the drive to all tracks
•
•
Seek errors are reported by the operating system or
application programs.
•
An error message appears on the screen stating that
the computer cannot read from an IDE CD-ROM
drive.
Read Test
Positions the read/write heads at each cylinder of the
drive and verifies that all tracks on the drive can be
read correctly
•
These are the most common symptoms that might prompt
you to test an IDE CD-ROM drive:
Write Test
Positions the read/write heads at each cylinder of the
drive and verifies that all tracks on the drive can be
written to correctly
Subtests
The five subtests in the IDE CD ROM Drives test group
confirm the following drive functions:
•
Causes the drive to execute its internal self-test.
•
IDE CD ROM Drives Test Group
The subtests in the IDE CD ROM Drives test group
check the functionality of the integrated drive electronics
(IDE) CD-ROM drive when it is installed in the options
bay. Before conducting an IDE CD ROM test, insert into
the CD-ROM drive a CD with audio and data tracks
(such as a multimedia CD).
Seek Test
Checks the drive’s ability to search for each block on
the device.
•
Read Test
Positions the read heads at each block of the device
for reading data and verifies that all blocks on the
device can be read correctly.
•
NOTES: Before running the IDE CD ROM Drives test
group, install the CD-ROM drive in the options bay and
attach the diskette drive to the parallel connector on the
back of the computer. If you do not have a CD-ROM drive
in the options bay and the diskette drive attached to the
parallel port, the subtests fail.
You must have a diskette-drive cable to perform the following procedure. If you do not have a diskette-drive
cable, you can order one from Dell. See Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” for information on contacting Dell.
Drive Controller Test
Audio Output Test
Causes the drive to begin playing the first audio
track on an audio CD. (To determine if the test
passed, listen to the audio output of the drive.)
NOTE: The Audio Output Test does not run automatically as part of the IDE CD ROM Drives test group;
you must select the subtest individually.
•
Eject Removable Media
Checks the drive’s ability to eject the CD tray.
The Audio Output Test requires a CD with audio tracks;
all other subtests in this test group require a CD with
data tracks. If the CD-ROM drive contains a CD that
does not have the required data or audio tracks, the
subtest fails.
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Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group
The subtests in the Serial/Infrared Ports test group check
the computer’s interface with external devices (such as a
serial mouse or a printer). The subtests in this test group
are not intended as a diagnostic test for the external
device itself.
Why Run a Serial/Infrared Ports Test?
It may not be immediately evident whether the port or the
external device is faulty. In both cases, the external
device (such as a serial mouse or a printer) might behave
erratically or not operate at all. Eliminate incorrect system configuration information settings, peripheral
malfunctions, and software errors as potential causes of
infrared (IR) port problems, before you run the subtests
in the Serial/Infrared Port test group to check your
hardware.
If the diagnostics do not recognize the computer’s serial
or infrared port, check the Serial Port or Infrared Port
option in the System Devices menu of the Setup program
to see if the port has been disabled. (See Chapter 2,
“Software Features,” for information on using the Setup
program.) The subtests in the Serial/Infrared Ports test
group cannot test a port unless it is enabled.
Another possible cause for errors is a problem with the
external device itself. Use the documentation that came
with the peripheral to troubleshoot it and confirm that it
is working properly.
If the external device is not properly installed through
software, the device also may not function properly. Try
operating the device from different programs or through
the operating system. If it still does not work, you can
eliminate the software configuration as the cause of the
problem.
Although the following symptoms can be caused by
faulty peripherals or software errors, these symptoms
might also suggest a port problem:
•
•
If a peripheral works intermittently, or produces
intermittent errors, the port may be faulty.
If the computer displays an error message that is
related to the external device connected to a port, but
corrections to the device do not resolve the error, run
the appropriate subtest in the Serial/Infrared Ports
test group.
4-18
Subtests
The four subtests in the Serial/Infrared Ports test group
confirm the following port functions:
•
Serial/Infrared Baud Rate Test
Checks the baud rate generator in each serial communications chip against the computer’s clock
•
Serial/Infrared Interrupt Test
Checks the serial port’s ability to send IRQs to the
microprocessor
•
Serial/Infrared Internal Transmission Test
Checks several internal functions of the serial port
using the internal loopback mode of the serial communications chip
•
Serial External Transmission Test
If a loopback device is attached, checks the line control bits of the serial port and sends a test pattern at
several baud rates, checking the returned values
Parallel Ports Test Group
The subtests in the Parallel Ports test group check the
computer’s interface with external devices, such as a
printer, that are connected to the computer through the
parallel port. The subtests in this test group are not
intended as a diagnostic test for the actual peripheral
attached to each port.
Why Run a Parallel Ports Test?
If the diagnostics does not recognize the computer’s parallel port, check the Parallel Port option in the System
Devices menu of the Setup program to see if the port has
been disabled. (See Chapter 2, “Customizing System
Features,” for information on using the Setup program.)
The subtests in the Parallel Ports test group cannot test a
port unless it is enabled.
When a port is faulty, it may not be immediately evident
that the port, and not the device connected to the port, is
faulty. Instead, the peripheral (such as a printer) might
behave erratically or not operate at all. If the external
device is not properly installed through software, it also
may not function properly. Try operating the peripheral
from different programs or through the operating system.
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If it still does not work, you can eliminate the software
setup as the cause of the problem.
Another possible cause for errors is a problem with the
external device itself. Use the documentation that came
with the peripheral to troubleshoot it and confirm that it
is working properly. (Most printers have a self-test.)
After you eliminate incorrect system configuration information settings, peripheral malfunctions, and software
errors as potential causes of port problems, you can run
the subtests in the Parallel Ports test group to check your
hardware. Although the following symptoms can be
caused by faulty peripherals or software errors, they
might also suggest a port problem:
•
If a peripheral works intermittently, or produces
intermittent errors, the port may be faulty.
•
If the computer displays an error message that is
related to the external device connected to a port, but
corrections to the device do not resolve the error, run
the appropriate subtest in the Parallel Ports test
group.
•
If your software and the diagnostics do not recognize
that you have a parallel port, you should check the
Parallel Port option in the System Devices menu of
the Setup program, and if necessary, run the appropriate subtest in the Parallel Ports test group.
Subtests
The four subtests in the Parallel Ports test group confirm
the following port functions:
•
•
Parallel Internal Test
Audio Test Group
The subtests in the Audio test group check the functions
of the audio controller and the computer’s recording and
playback features.
Why Run an Audio Test?
If you do not hear sounds from your built-in speakers
when you expect to, it is possible that your operating
system or sound application uses resource settings different than those of the audio controller in the computer. In
the absence of an expected sound, first check the documentation that accompanied your operating system or
sound application to see if the sound features are correctly configured to work with the computer. The default
resource settings for the audio controller are:
•
•
•
Port address: 220h
If you still do not hear sound when you expect to, run the
Audio test group.
NOTE: Before running the Audio test group, make sure to
enable the built-in speaker(s), and make sure that the
speaker volume has not been muted.
Subtests
Checks several internal functions of the parallel port
The six subtests in the Audio test group confirm the following functions:
Parallel External Loopback Test
•
Parallel External Interrupt Test
Parallel Printer Pattern Test
Tests whether the port(s) can retain data, print text
on a printer, and generate interrupts
Software Reset Test
Checks for the presence of an active audio controller
in your system
•
Interrupt Test
Checks whether the audio controller is generating an
interrupt on the IRQ line configured for that
controller
Tests the parallel port’s ability to generate interrupts
from all possible sources, if an external loopback
connector is available
•
IRQ line: 5
If necessary, change the resource settings in your operating system or sound application to match these default
settings.
Tests the functionality of the control lines through an
external loopback connector, if an external loopback
connector is available
•
DMA channel: 1
•
DMA Test
Tests for the presence of a DMA channel on the system chip set, and determines if the DMA controller
and the audio controller can exchange signals
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•
FM Sound Playback Test
Tests whether the system can synthesize sounds and
play them through the built-in speaker(s)
•
Analog Sound Playback Test
Tests whether the system can play sampled sounds
through the built-in speaker(s)
•
Record and Playback Test
Checks the ability of the audio controller to generate
a sampled sound from signals received from the
built-in microphone
The last three Audio subtests are interactive. In both the
FM Sound Playback Test and the Analog Sound Playback test, a series of musical tones is played through the
computer’s built-in speaker(s). A message on the display
asks if you hear the tones. Type y if you hear the tones;
otherwise, type n.
4-20
The third interactive test, the Record and Playback Test,
checks the computer’s built-in microphone and speaker(s).
When prompted, press any key on the built-in keyboard
and say your name in a normal tone of voice.
NOTE: After you press the key, you have only a few seconds to speak your name.
When prompted again, hit any key on the built-in keyboard to play back your voice through the built-in
speaker(s). Type y if you hear your voice; otherwise, type
n. If you press n, you are given another opportunity to
run the Record and Playback Test. When prompted, type
y if you want to try the test again (for instance, if you did
not speak quickly enough after pressing a key to begin
the test). Otherwise, press n.
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Chapter 5
Getting Help
his chapter describes the tools Dell provides to help
T
you when you have a problem with your computer. It also
2.
tells you when and how to call Dell Computer Corporation for technical or customer assistance in the following
situations:
•
If you have a technical problem, read the next section, “Technical Assistance.”
•
If you are looking for information about a specific
subject or about Dell’s services, read “Help Tools”
found later in this chapter.
•
•
•
To decide which document has the answers you
need, consult the Preface of your Reference and
Troubleshooting Guide.
3.
4.
If you need to return an item for warranty repair or
credit, read “Returning Items for Warranty Repair or
Credit” found later in this chapter.
On your copy of the Diagnostics Checklist, document any error messages or beep codes as they
occur so you can inform the Dell technician of them.
Describe what you were doing when the error
occurred. Note the steps you have taken to solve the
problem.
If you would like to place an order or need information about additional products available from Dell,
call Dell at the appropriate telephone number listed
in “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this
chapter.
Technical Assistance
Review the Dell Q&A.
Look for the Dell Q&A icon in the Dell
Accessories folder.
Make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist (found
later in this chapter), and fill it out.
NOTE: Save the Diagnostics Checklist in this chapter as a master so you can use it to make copies as
needed.
5.
1.
Run the diagnostics for your Dell computer.
See Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for
instructions on using the Dell Diagnostics program.
If you have a problem with your order, read “Problems With Your Order” found later in this chapter.
If you need assistance with a technical problem, perform
the following steps:
Review the remaining documentation that accompanied your Dell computer.
Use the AutoTech service for help with installation and troubleshooting procedures.
For instructions on using the AutoTech service, see
“AutoTech Service” found later in this chapter
6.
If the preceding steps have not resolved the problem and you need to talk to a Dell technician, you
can call Dell’s customer technical support service.
Before you call Dell, have your express service code
ready.Your express service code is printed at the bottom of the regulatory label on the underside of your
computer.
NOTE: If for some reason you cannot read the
express service code on the label, you can convert
your service tag number into an express service code
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For instructions on using the technical support service, see “Technical Support Service” and “Before
You Call” found later in this chapter.
before you call Dell for technical assistance. Find
the Express Service Code icon in the Dell Accessories folder. Double-click the icon and follow the
directions.
When prompted by Dell’s automated telephone system, enter the express service code to route your call
directly to the proper support personnel.
Help Tools
NOTE: Dell’s Express Service may not be available
in all countries.
Dell provides a number of tools to assist you. Table 5-1
lists subjects you may want information about, tasks you
may want to perform, and the tool(s) you can use for
help. Each tool is described later in this section.
Table 5-1. Help Tools
Subject or Task
Tool
BIOS revisions
TechConnect BBS
Frequently asked questions
Dell Q&A, AutoTech service
Information about Dell, its products, and its service
and support policies
TechFax service, TechConnect BBS, World Wide Web on
the Internet
Installation instructions
Online System User’s Guide, Reference and Troubleshooting Guide, technical support service, AutoTech service
Interrupt maps
TechFax service
Ordering parts
Technical support service, TechConnect BBS
Software update information
TechFax service
Technical notes on system compatibility and revisions
TechFax service
Technical training class information
TechFax service
Technical specifications
TechFax service, online System User’s Guide, Reference
and Troubleshooting Guide
Troubleshooting, step-by-step instructions
Reference and Troubleshooting Guide, Dell Diagnostics
program, AutoTech service
Unresolved problems requiring assistance from a Dell
technician
Technical support service, TechConnect BBS
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the online System User’s Guide.
5-2
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Dell Q&A
The Dell Q&A, a Windows-based online help file that
answers questions that are often asked by Dell computer
users, is included with certain Dell systems that were purchased with the Dell-installed Microsoft Windows 95
operating system.
To view the Dell Q&A, open the Dell Accessories folder
and double-click the Dell Q&A icon. If you need further
instructions on using the Dell Q&A, click Help from the
Dell Q&A button bar.
System User’s Guide
The Windows-based online System User’s Guide includes
information about traveling with your portable computer,
installing and using batteries, conserving battery power,
and attaching external devices to the computer. This document is installed on your hard-disk drive for easy
reference wherever you take the computer.
Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
The Reference and Troubleshooting Guide includes information about system features, customizing the operation
of the computer, and diagnosing and troubleshooting
computer problems.
World Wide Web on the Internet
Dell can be accessed electronically on the Internet via a
World Wide Web site, a file transfer protocol (FTP) site,
and electronic mail (e-mail) using the following
addresses:
•
World Wide Web
http://www.dell.com/
http://www.dell.com/intl/apcc/ (for Asian/Pacific
countries only)
http://www.dell.com/euro/ (for Europe only)
•
Anonymous FTP
•
Electronic Quote Service
sales@dell.com
apmarketing@dell.com (for Asian/Pacific countries only)
•
Electronic Information Service
info@dell.com
Commercial Online Service
Dell can be accessed electronically via CompuServe® by
typing GO DELL.
Dell Diagnostics Program
Every Dell computer comes with the Dell Diagnostics, a
program that can help you determine what is wrong with
the computer when it does not operate correctly. This
program provides valuable information for you and for
Dell technicians should you need to call Dell.
See Chapter 4, “Running the Dell Diagnostics,” for
instructions on using the diagnostics. You can use this
diagnostic program to test major components or devices
in the computer, if the computer can boot.
AutoTech Service
Dell’s automated technical support service—AutoTech—
provides recorded answers to the questions most frequently asked by Dell customers.
When you call AutoTech, you use your touch-tone telephone to select the subjects that correspond to your
questions. You can even interrupt an AutoTech session
and continue the session later. The code number that the
AutoTech service gives you allows you to continue your
session where you ended it.
The information available through AutoTech includes:
•
Specifications and prices for Dell computers currently on sale
Log in as user: anonymous, and use your
e-mail address as your password.
•
Installation instructions for Dell computers and
peripherals
Electronic Support Service
•
•
Answers to questions about Windows 95
ftp.dell.com/
•
apsupport@dell.com (for Asian/Pacific countries
only)
support@us.dell.com
Help in troubleshooting your Dell computer
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The AutoTech service is available 24 hours a day, seven
days a week. You can also access this service through the
technical support service. For the telephone number to
call, see “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this
chapter.
•
•
Order parts
•
Download updates
NOTE: AutoTech is not always available in all locations
outside the continental U.S. Please call your local Dell
representative for information on availability.
For the BBS telephone number, see “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this chapter.
TechFax Service
Dell takes full advantage of fax technology to serve you
better. Twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, you
can call the Dell TechFax line toll-free for all kinds of
technical information.
Using a touch-tone phone, you can select from a full
directory of topics. The technical information you request
is sent within minutes to the fax number you designate.
TechFax information includes:
•
•
Interrupt maps and specifications.
•
News on updates for operating systems and application programs.
•
Descriptions of available technical training classes.
For Dell-certified technicians, TechFax offers information such as parts lists, drawings, and
maintenance and repair data.
Technical notes on system compatibility and
revisions.
For the TechFax telephone number, see “Dell Contact
Numbers” found later in this chapter.
NOTE: TechFax is not always available in all locations
outside the continental U.S. Please call your local Dell
representative for information on availability.
TechConnect BBS
Use your modem to access Dell’s TechConnect Bulletin
Board Service (BBS) 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
The service is menu-driven and fully interactive. The
modem settings for the BBS are 8 bit, no parity, 1 stop bit.
You can use the BBS to do the following:
•
•
5-4
Send questions to a Dell technician
Request a follow-up call or leave a message for a
Dell technical support specialist
Download basic input/output system (BIOS) and
video driver upgrades
NOTE: The TechConnect BBS is not always available in
all locations outside the continental U.S. Please call your
local Dell representative for information on availability.
Automated Order-Status System
You can call this automated service to check on the status
of any Dell products that you have ordered. A recording
prompts you for the information needed to locate and
report on your order. For the telephone number to call,
see “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this chapter.
NOTE: The Automated Order-Status System is not
always available in all locations outside the continental
U.S. Please call your local Dell representative for information on availability.
Technical Support Service
Dell’s industry-leading hardware technical support service is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. At any
hour of any day, a Dell technical expert is ready with the
answers to your questions about Dell hardware.
Our technical support staff pride themselves on their
track record: more than 90 percent of all problems and
questions are taken care of in just one toll-free call, usually in less than ten minutes. When you call, our experts
can refer to records we keep on your specific Dell system
to better understand your particular question. Our technical support staff use computer-based diagnostics to
provide fast, accurate answers to your questions.
To contact Dell’s technical support service, first refer to
the section titled “Before You Call” and then call the
number for your country as listed in “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this chapter. (For information about
receiving technical assistance in the U.K., refer to the
Placing a Service Call card that came with your
computer.)
NOTE: Technical support services may vary outside the
continental U.S. Contact your local Dell representative
for more information.
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Problems With Your Order
If you have a problem with your order, such as missing
parts, wrong parts, or incorrect billing, contact Dell Computer Corporation for customer assistance. Have your
invoice or packing slip handy when you call. For the telephone number to call, see “Dell Contact Numbers” found
later in this chapter.
Product Information
If you need information about additional products available from Dell Computer Corporation, or if you would
like to place an order, a sales specialist will be glad to
help. For the telephone number to call, see “Dell Contact
Numbers” found later in this chapter.
Returning Items for Warranty
Repair or Credit
Prepare all items being returned, whether for repair or
credit, as follows:
1.
Call Dell to obtain an authorization number, and
write it clearly and prominently on the outside of
the box.
For the telephone number to call, see “Dell Contact
Numbers” found later in this chapter.
shipment to Dell Computer Corporation. Collect on
delivery (C.O.D.) packages are not accepted.
Returns that are missing any of the preceding requirements will be refused at our receiving dock and returned
to you.
Before You Call
Keep a record of your diagnostic and troubleshooting
activities by photocopying the Diagnostics Checklist in
Figure 5-1 and filling it out whenever you experience a
problem with the computer.
NOTE: Be sure to save the checklist in Figure 5-1 as a
master, so you can use it to make copies as needed. The
checklist can also be accessed in “Diagnostics Checklist” in the online System User’s Guide.
If you need to call Dell Computer Corporation for assistance, you will be able to inform the support technician of
the actions you have taken to resolve the problem. If you
must return a piece of hardware to Dell, a technician will
assign a Return Material Authorization Number. Record
the number on the checklist, and include the completed
checklist in the shipping box.
Dell’s technical support staff uses computer-based diagnostics to provide fast, accurate answers to your
questions. When you call, the technical support staff
refers to records regarding your specific Dell computer to
better understand your particular question.
2.
Include a copy of the invoice and a letter describing the reason for the return.
NOTES: Have your express service code ready when you
call. The code helps Dell’s automated support telephone
system direct your call more efficiently.
3.
Include a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist indicating the tests you have run and any error
messages reported by the Dell Diagnostics.
Your express service code is printed at the bottom of the
regulatory label on the underside of your computer.
4.
Include any accessories that belong with the
item(s) being returned (power cables, software
diskettes, guides, and so on) if the return is for
credit.
5.
Pack the equipment to be returned in the original
(or equivalent) packing materials.
You are responsible for paying shipping expenses.
You are also responsible for insuring any product
returned, and you assume the risk of loss during
If possible, turn your system on before you call Dell for
technical assistance and call from a telephone at or near
the computer. You may be asked to type some commands
at the keyboard, relay detailed information during operations, or try other troubleshooting steps possible only at
the computer itself.
Make sure the computer’s user documentation is
available.
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Diagnostics Checklist
Name: ______________________________________________________________Date: ____________________
Address: _____________________________________________________________Phone number: ____________
Service tag (bar code on the back of the computer): _________________________________________________
Express service code: ___________________________________________________________________________
Return Material Authorization Number (if provided by Dell support technician): ____________________________
Operating system and version: ____________________________________________________________________
Peripherals: ___________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
PC Cards or expansion cards:______________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Are you connected to a network?
yes
no
Network, version, and network card: _______________________________________________________________
Programs and versions: __________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
See your operating system documentation to determine the contents of the system’s start-up files. If the computer is
connected to a printer, print each file. Otherwise, record the contents of each file before calling Dell.
Error message or beep code: ______________________________________________________________________
Description of problem and troubleshooting procedures you performed: ___________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Figure 5-1. Diagnostics Checklist
5-6
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Dell Contact Numbers
When you need to contact Dell, use the telephone numbers and codes provided in Tables 5-2 and 5-3. Table 5-2
provides the various codes required to make longdistance and international calls. Table 5-3 provides local
telephone numbers, area codes, and toll-free numbers, if
applicable, for each department or service available in
various countries around the world. If you are making a
direct-dialed call to a location outside of your local telephone service area, determine which codes to use (if any)
in Table 5-2 in addition to the local numbers provided in
Table 5-3. For example, to place an international call
from Paris, France to Bracknell, England, dial the international access code for France followed by the country
code for the U.K., the city code for Bracknell, and then
the local number as shown in the following illustration.
00
44
International
Access Code
(in France)
Country
Code
(for U.K.)
1344
City Code
(Bracknell)
________
Local
Number
To place a long-distance call within your own country,
use area codes instead of international access codes,
country codes, and city codes. For example, to call Paris,
France from Montpellier, France, dial the area code plus
the local number as shown in the following illustration.
01
Area Code
(for Paris from
outside Paris)
________
Local
Number
The codes required depend on where you are calling from
as well as the destination of your call; in addition, each
country has a different dialing protocol. If you need assistance in determining which codes to use, contact a local
or an international operator.
NOTE: Toll-free numbers are for use only within the
country for which they are listed. Area codes are most
often used to call long distance within your own country
(not internationally)—in other words, when your call
originates in the same country you are calling.
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Table 5-2. International Dialing Codes
Country (City)
International
Access Code
Country Code
City Code
Australia (Sydney)
0011
61
2
Austria (Vienna)
900
43
1
Belgium (Brussels)
00
32
2
Brunei
—
673
—
Canada (North York, Ontario)
011
—
Not required
Chile (Santiago)
—
56
2
China (Beijing)
—
86
10
Czech Republic (Prague)
00
420
2
Denmark (Horsholm)
009
45
Not required
Finland (Helsinki)
990
358
9
France (Paris) (Montpellier)
00
33
(1) (4)
Germany (Langen)
00
49
6103
Hong Kong
001
852
Not required
Ireland (Bray)
16
353
1
Italy (Milan)
00
39
2
Japan (Kawasaki)
001
81
44
Korea (Seoul)
001
82
2
Luxembourg
00
352
—
Macau
—
853
Not required
Malaysia (Penang)
00
60
4
Mexico (Colonia Granada)
95
52
5
Netherlands (Amsterdam)
00
31
20
New Zealand
00
64
—
Norway (Lysaker)
095
47
Not required
Poland (Warsaw)
011
48
22
Singapore (Singapore)
005
65
Not required
South Africa (Johannesburg)
09/091
27
11
5-8
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Table 5-2. International Dialing Codes (continued)
Country (City)
International
Access Code
Country Code
City Code
Spain (Madrid)
07
34
1
Sweden (Upplands Vasby)
009
46
8
Switzerland (Geneva)
00
41
22
Taiwan
002
886
—
Thailand
001
66
—
U.K. (Bracknell)
010
44
1344
U.S.A. (Austin, Texas)
011
1
Not required
Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Australia
Customer Technical Support (Dell Dimension® systems only) . . . . . . . . . . . 1-300-65-55-33
(Sydney)
Customer Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-808-378
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-819-339
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-808-385
Transaction Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-808-312
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-818-341
Austria*
(Vienna)
Belgium*
(Brussels)
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491 04 0
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0660-8779
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4819288
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 16884
SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4819299
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4819100
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4819299
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.A.).
Getting Help
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Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers (continued)
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Brunei
Customer Technical Support
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
(Dell Dimension systems only) (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4946
NOTE: Customers in
Brunei call Malaysia for
sales, customer, and technical assistance.
Customer Technical Support (Other systems) (Penang, Malaysia). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4966
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
Transaction Sales (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4955
Canada
(North York, Ontario)
NOTE: Customers in
Canada call the
U.S.A. for access to
TechConnect BBS.
Automated Order-Status System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-433-9014
AutoTech (Automated technical support) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-247-9362
Customer Care (From outside Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5759
Customer Care (From within Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758-2400
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-847-4096
Sales (Direct Sales—from outside Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5752
Sales (Direct Sales—from within Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758-2200
Sales (Federal government, education, and medical) . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-567-7542
Sales (Major Accounts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5755
TechConnect BBS (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-8528
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-950-1329
Sales, Customer Support, and Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1230-020-4823
Chile
(Santiago)
NOTE: Customers in
Chile call the U.S.A for
sales, customer, and technical assistance.
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
China
(Beijing)
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6846 1122 (extensions 8309 to 8314)
NOTE: Customers in
China call Malaysia for
customer assistance.
Czech Republic*
(Prague)
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8728 221
Customer Service and Sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 879250
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66710274
5-10
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Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers (continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Denmark*
Customer Care, Technical Support, and Sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 171 62
(Horsholm)
Finland*
(Helsinki)
Customer Support and Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800-534 55
France*
(Paris/Montpellier)
Technical Support (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 68 90
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800-33 55
Technical Support (Montpellier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 06 62 86
Customer Care (Major Accounts) (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 69 39
Customer Care (VAR Accounts) (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 69 26
Customer Care (Direct Sales) (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 69 76
TechFax (Montpellier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 22 53 11
TechConnect BBS (Montpellier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 22 53 04
Switchboard (Paris). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 68 50
Switchboard (Montpellier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 06 65 51
Germany*
(Langen)
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-200
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-500
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-666
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-460
Hong Kong
Technical Support
(Dell Dimension systems only) (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4948
NOTE: Customers in
Hong Kong call Malaysia
for technical assistance
for Dell Dimension systems and for customer
assistance.
Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 96 4107
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
Transaction Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 96 4109
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 96 4108
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.A.).
Getting Help
5-11
55899BK1.BK : 55899c51.fm Page 12 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers (continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Ireland*
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-850-543-543
(Bray)
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-850-235-235
SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 2020
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 6848
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 4761
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 4044
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 0500
Italy*
(Milan)
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 21 820
Japan
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0088-22-7890
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .264 13 420
(Kawasaki)
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 044 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556-4240
Direct Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 044 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556-3344
Commercial Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 044 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556-3430
556-3440
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 044 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556-4300
Korea
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 080-200-3800
(Seoul)
Transaction Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 080-200-3600
NOTE: Customers in
Korea call Malaysia for
customer assistance.
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 080-200-3900
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394 3122
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287 5600
*
5-12
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.A.).
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899c51.fm Page 13 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers (continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Latin America
Customer Technical Support (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-4093
NOTE: Customers in
Latin America call the
U.S.A. for sales,
customer, and technical
assistance.
Customer Service (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-3619
Fax (Technical Support and Customer Service)
(Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-3883
Sales (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-4397
SalesFax (Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-4600
728-3772
Luxembourg*
Customer Technical Support (Brussels, Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 2109
NOTE: Customers in
Luxembourg may call
Belgium for sales,
customer, and technical
assistance as well as the
SalesFax service, and they
call the Netherlands for
the TechFax and
TechConnect BBS
services.
Customer Service (Luxembourg) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .295151
Customer Service (Brussels, Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .481 92 99
SalesFax (Brussels, Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .481 92 44
TechFax (Amsterdam, Netherlands) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .682 91 06
TechConnect BBS (Amsterdam, Netherlands) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .686 65 04
Macau
Technical Support (Dell Dimension systems only) (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4948
NOTE: Customers in
Macau call Malaysia for
technical assistance for
Dell Dimension systems
and for customer assistance.
Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 582
Malaysia
(Penang)
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
Transaction Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 581
Technical Support (Dell Dimension systems only) . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4946
Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1 800 888 298
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
Transaction Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1 800 888 202
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1 800 888 213
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.A.).
Getting Help
5-13
55899BK1.BK : 55899c51.fm Page 14 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers (continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Mexico
Automated Order-Status System
(Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-0685
(Colonia Granada)
NOTE: Customers in
Mexico call the U.S.A. for
access to the Automated
Order-Status System and
AutoTech.
AutoTech (Automated technical support)
(Austin, Texas, U.S.A.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-0686
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7870
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7811
toll free: 91-800-900-37
toll free: 91-800-904-49
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7878
Main . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7800
Netherlands*
(Amsterdam)
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5818838
Direct Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .toll free: 0800-0663
Direct SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682 7171
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581 8818
Corporate SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686 8003
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686 6504
New Zealand
Technical Support
(Dell Dimension systems only) ($2.50 + GST per call) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0900 51010
Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0800 446 255
Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0800 444 617
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0800 441 567
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0800 441 566
Norway*
(Lysaker)
Customer Technical Support and Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-67 50 00
Poland*
(Warsaw)
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 620-7898
*
5-14
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67-125 711
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 620-4584
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.A.).
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899c51.fm Page 15 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers (continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Singapore
Technical Support
(Singapore)
(Dell Dimension systems only) (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4947
NOTE: Customers in Singapore call Malaysia for
technical assistance for
Dell Dimension systems
and for customer
assistance.
Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 6011 051
South Africa
(Johannesburg)
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
Transaction Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 6011 054
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 6011 053
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709 7700
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709 7710
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 706 0495
Southeast Asian/
Pacific Countries
Customer Technical Support, Customer Service,
and Sales (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 4 810-4810
(excluding Australia,
Brunei, China, Hong
Kong, Japan, Korea,
Macau, Malaysia, New
Zealand, Singapore,
Taiwan, and Thailand—
see individual listings for
these countries)
Spain*
(Madrid)
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .902 100 130
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329 10 80
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329 33 53
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .902 100 185
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .722 92 00
Sweden*
(Upplands Vasby)
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 199
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 169
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 591
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 185
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.A.).
Getting Help
5-15
55899BK1.BK : 55899c51.fm Page 16 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Table 5-3. Dell Contact Numbers (continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country (City)
Department Name or Service
Switzerland*
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0844 811 411
(Geneva)
Commercial Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .799 01 01
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .799 01 50
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .799 01 90
Taiwan
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0080 651 226/0800 33 557
NOTE: Customers in Taiwan call Malaysia for customer assistance.
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
Transaction Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0080 651 228/0800 33 556
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0080 651 227/0800 33 555
Thailand
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0880 060 07
NOTE: Customers in
Thailand call Malaysia for
customer assistance.
Customer Service (Penang, Malaysia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810 4949
U.K.*
(Bracknell)
Customer Technical Support
(Dell Dimension systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .720111
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0880 060 06
Customer Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .723723
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .720110
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .723178
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .723858
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .720000
*
5-16
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.A.).
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899aa1.fm Page 1 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
PC
Table A-1. Technical Specifications
Microprocessor
Microprocessor type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intel Mobile Module Pentium microprocessor with
MMX technology
Microprocessor speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166, 200, or 233 MHz
Internal cache memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 KB
External cache memory:
Dell Inspiron 3000 M166ST . . . . . 256-KB pipelined-burst SRAM
Dell Inspiron 3000 M200ST
and M233XT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512-KB pipelined-burst SRAM
Math coprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . internal to the microprocessor
Chip Set and Bus
System chip set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intel 430TX PCIset
Host data bus width. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 bits
DRAM bus width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 bits
Host address bus width . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 bits
Flash EPROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Mbits
Technical Specifications
A-1
55899BK1.BK : 55899aa1.fm Page 2 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Table A-1. Technical Specifications (continued)
PC Card
PCI controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Texas Instruments PCI 1131 cardbus controller
PC Card connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . two (supports two type I or type II cards
or one type III card)
Cards supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3-V and 5-V
PC Card connector size. . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 pins
Data width (maximum) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 bits
Memory
Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SDRAM
Memory module capacities . . . . . . . . . . 16-, 32-, and 64-MB SoDIMM
Standard RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 MB on system board
Maximum RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 MB
Memory access time/clock
frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 MHz
BIOS address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F000:0000
Connectors
Serial (DTE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one 9-pin connector; 16550-compatible,
16-byte buffer
Parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one 25-hole connector; unidirectional,
bidirectional, EPP 1.9, or ECP
Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one 15-hole connector
PS/2 keyboard/mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one 6-pin mini-DIN connector
Infrared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one IrDA 1.1 port
Expansion connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 pins
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . microphone, headphones/speakers, and line-in
jacks
USB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one 4-pin connector
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the
online System User’s Guide.
A-2
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Table A-1. Technical Specifications (continued)
Audio
Audio type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sound Blaster Pro-compatible voice and
music functions
Audio controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crystal 4237B
Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 bit (stereo analog-to-digital and
digital-to-analog)
Interfaces:
Internal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ISA bus
External . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . microphone (minijack; mono);
headphones/speaker-out (minijack);
line-in
Internal speaker amplifier . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 W stereo
Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . volume can be controlled through key combinations and software application menus
Video
Video type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64-bit (128-bit hardware-accelerated) PCI
Video controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NeoMagic 2160
Video memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 MB
Display (SVGA)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TFT SVGA
Dimensions:
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184.5 mm (7.3 inches)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246.0 mm (9.7 inches)
Diagonal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307.5 mm (12.1 inches)
Maximum resolution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800 x 600 pixels; 16 million colors
Response time (typical) . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 ms
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the
online System User’s Guide.
Technical Specifications
A-3
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Table A-1. Technical Specifications (continued)
Display (SVGA) (continued)
Operating angle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0° (closed) to 180°
Dot pitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.264 mm
Power consumption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.35 W
Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . brightness can be controlled through key
combinations
Display (XGA)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TFT XGA
Dimensions:
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 mm (8 inches)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 mm (10.7 inches)
Diagonal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338 mm (13.3 inches)
Maximum resolution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1024 x 768 pixels; 64,000 colors
Response time (typical) . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 ms
Operating angle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0° (closed) to 170°
Dot pitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.264 mm
Power consumption. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9 W
Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . brightness can be controlled through key
combinations
Keyboard
Number of keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 (U.S. and Canada); 88 (Europe); 88 (Japan)
Key travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 ± 0.5 mm (0.12 ± 0.02 inch)
Key spacing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19.1 mm (0.75 inch)
Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . QWERTY/AZERTY/Kanji
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the
online System User’s Guide.
A-4
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Table A-1. Technical Specifications (continued)
Touch Pad
Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PS/2-compatible
X/Y position resolution
(graphics table mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 points/mm (500 points/inch)
Size:
Thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.65 mm (0.18 inch) at highest component
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64-mm (2.52-inch) sensor-active area
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47.0-mm (1.85-inch) rectangle
with 0.5-mm (0.02-inch) tabs
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 g (0.52 ounce) ± 0.5 g (0.001 ounce)
Power:
Supply voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 V ± 10%
Supply current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 mA (maximum operating current)
Main Battery
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lithium ion
Dimensions:
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23.0 mm (0.9 inch)
Depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161.5 mm (6.5 inches)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.4 mm (2.8 inches)
Weight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.41 kg (0.9 lb)
Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.4 VDC
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 WH
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the
online System User’s Guide.
Technical Specifications
A-5
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Table A-1. Technical Specifications (continued)
Main Battery (continued)
Charge time (approximate):1
Computer on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 hour
Computer off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 hour
Operating time1 (approximate,
with no power management features
enabled). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 to 3.5 hours with one battery;
5 to 7 hours with two batteries
Life span (approximate)1 . . . . . . . . . . . 500 discharge/charge cycles
Temperature range:
Charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5° to 35°C (41° to 95°F)
Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5° to 35°C (41° to 95°F)
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –20° to 50°C (–4° to 122°F)
1
Battery performance features such as charge time, operating time, and life span can vary
according to the conditions under which the computer and battery are used.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the
online System User’s Guide.
A-6
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Table A-1. Technical Specifications (continued)
AC Adapter
Input voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 to 264 VAC
Input current (maximum) . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 A at 90 VAC, full load
Input frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 to 63 Hz
Output current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 A (continuous)
Output power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 W
Rated output voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 VDC
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29.6 mm (1.17 inches)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.0 mm (2.36 inches)
Depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 mm (4.13 inches)
Weight (with cables) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.3 kg (0.71 lb)
Temperature range:
Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5° to 35°C (41° to 95°F)
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –20° to 50°C (–4° to 122°F)
Physical (Dell Inspiron 3000 M166ST and M200ST)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 mm (1.65 inches)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299 mm (11.77 inches)
Depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 mm (9.21 inches)
Weight (with hard-disk drive,
diskette drive, battery, and two
PC Card blanks) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 kg (6.2 lb)
Physical (Dell Inspiron 3000 M233XT)
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.5 mm (2.03 inches)
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 mm (11.93 inches)
Depth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 mm (9.21 inches)
Weight (with hard-disk drive,
diskette drive, battery, and two
PC Card blanks) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 kg (6.7 lb)
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the
online System User’s Guide.
Technical Specifications
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Table A-1. Technical Specifications (continued)
Environmental (Computer)
Temperature:
Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5° to 35°C (41° to 95°F)
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –20° to 50°C (–4° to 122°F)
Relative humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10% to 90% (noncondensing)
Maximum vibration:
Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 GRMS using a random-vibration spectrum that
simulates air shipment
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 GRMS using a random-vibration spectrum that
simulates truck shipment
Maximum shock:2
Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.52 m/sec (4.98 feet/sec)
(less than or equal to a pulse width of 2 ms)
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.03 m/sec (6.66 feet/sec)
(less than or equal to a pulse width of 2 ms)
Altitude:
Operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 to 3048 m (0 to 10,000 ft)
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 to 12,192 m (0 ft to 40,000 ft)
2
Measured with the hard-disk drive in head-parked position.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the Glossary in the
online System User’s Guide.
A-8
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Appendix B
Diagnostic Video Tests
he Video Test Group of the Dell Diagnostics consists
T
of the following eight tests, each of which verifies a
The following sections describe each of the tests in the
Video Test Group.
particular video function or group of functions on your
built-in display or on an external monitor:
•
Video Memory Test — Checks the integrity of characters generated from data in the video memory
•
Video Hardware Test — Checks the functions of the
cursor register and the horizontal and vertical retrace
bit registers
•
Text Mode Character Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present text mode data
•
Text Mode Color Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present color in text modes
•
Text Mode Pages Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to map and present all available
video text pages on the display or monitor, one page
at a time
•
Graphics Mode Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present graphics mode data and
colors
•
Color Palettes Test — Checks the video subsystem’s
ability to display all available colors
•
Solid Colors Test — Checks the video subsystem’s
ability to show screens full of solid colors and to display all pixels
All of these tests, except the Video Memory Test and the
Video Hardware Test, are interactive. These interactive
tests display images on the display or monitor and require
you to respond with the following steps:
1.
Examine a displayed image for correctness.
2.
If an image is correct, type y.
3.
If an image is incorrect, type n.
Video Memory Test
The Video Memory Test verifies the integrity of the
video memory on the system board. When a test is complete, a message indicates whether the video memory has
passed or failed the test. This test does not require any
interaction on your part.
Video Hardware Test
The Video Hardware Test verifies the operation of the
cursor registers and the horizontal and vertical retrace bit
registers. When a test is complete, a message indicates
whether these registers have passed or failed the test.
This test does not require any interaction on your part.
Text Mode Character Test
The Text Mode Character Test consists of a group of subtests that display printable characters and character
attributes. The subtests check character quality and the
ability of the display or monitor to show the characters
correctly. A prompt at the bottom of each screen asks you
to decide whether the display is satisfactory and to
respond by typing y or n.
If you respond affirmatively to each subtest, the Text
Mode Character Test passes. A negative response to any
subtest causes the test to fail.
Diagnostic Video Tests
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The following subsections describe the subtests of the
Text Mode Character Test in the order in which they
appear.
Character Attributes Subtest (80 x 25)
The 80-column x 25-line character attributes subtest displays four lines of text that demonstrate normal-intensity
video, reverse video, intensified video, and blinking
video.
Character Set Subtest (80 x 25)
The 80-column x 25-line character set subtest displays all
256 characters in the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) character set in 80-column
by 25-line text mode. Figure B-1 shows part of the character set subtest screen.
Character Attributes Subtest (40 x 25)
The 40-column x 25-line character attributes subtest
displays four lines of text, in 40-column by 25-line
(double-wide) text mode, that demonstrate normalintensity video, reverse video, intensified video, and
blinking video.
Character Set Subtest (40 x 25)
The 40-column x 25-line character set subtest displays all
256 characters in the ASCII character set in 40-column
by 25-line (double-wide) text mode. Figure B-2 shows
part of the 40-column x 25-line character set subtest
screen.
.
Figure B-2. 40-Column x 25-Line Character Set
Subtest Screen
Figure B-1. 80-Column x 25-Line Character Set
Subtest Screen
B-2
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Text Mode Color Test
Table B-1. Color Attributes
The Text Mode Color Test contains three subtests that
check the video subsystem’s ability to present color in
text modes. The following subsections describe these
subtests.
Row or
Column
Number
Foreground
Color
Background
Color
0
black
black
Color Attributes Subtest (80 x 25)
1
blue
blue
The 80-column x 25-line color attributes subtest displays
a pattern of 16 rows and 16 columns in 80-column by
25-line text mode. Each row has a hexadecimal number
in a unique foreground color and each column has a
unique background color. Where the same foreground
and background color intersect, the hexadecimal number
is not visible. Type y if each character is displayed correctly; otherwise, type n. Table B-1 indicates the color in
each of the rows and columns.
2
green
green
3
cyan
cyan
4
red
red
5
magenta
magenta
6
brown
brown
7
white
white
8
dark gray*
black
9
light blue*
blue
A
light green*
green
B
light cyan*
cyan
C
light red*
red
D
light magenta*
magenta
E
yellow*
brown
F
intense white*
white
*
These colors blink during the test.
Diagnostic Video Tests
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Color Attributes Subtest (40 x 25)
320 x 200 Graphics Mode Screens
The 40-column x 25-line color attributes subtest is the
same as the previous subtest except that the characters
are displayed in 40-column by 25-line (double-wide) text
mode. Type y if each character is displayed correctly;
otherwise, type n.
The Graphics Mode Test displays two successive
320- x 200-pixel graphics mode screens. The first screen
displays three pyramids in red, green, and yellow. The
second screen displays three pyramids in magenta, cyan,
and white. Type y if all the pyramids are the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
Color Bars Subtest
The color bars subtest displays 16 bars in different colors
with background intensity enabled. Under each bar is the
name of the color that should be displayed. Type y if
each color bar is displayed correctly; otherwise, type n.
Text Mode Pages Test
The Text Mode Pages Test checks the video subsystem’s
ability to map and present all available video pages on
the display or monitor, one page at a time. The test displays eight successive screens, the first of which contains
21 lines of 77 zeros. The remaining seven screens are
identical to the first, except that each screen substitutes a
different numeral (1 through 7) for the zeros.
320 x 200 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 320- x 200-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of Xs in 16 different colors with the name
of the color beneath each X. Type y if all the Xs are the
correct colors; otherwise, type n.
640 x 200 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 200-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of hexagons in 16 different colors with the
name of the color beneath each hexagon. Type y if all the
hexagons are the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
Type y if all the rows of numbers on each screen are displayed correctly; otherwise, type n.
640 x 350 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
Graphics Mode Test
The 640- x 350-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of octagons in 16 different colors with the
name of the color displayed beneath each octagon. Type
y if all the octagons are the correct colors; otherwise,
type n.
The Graphics Mode Test checks the video subsystem’s
ability to present graphics mode data and colors. This test
displays a number of different screens, each of which
allows you to check some aspect of graphics mode data
and colors. The following subsections describe the
Graphics Mode Test screens in the order in which they
appear.
B-4
640 x 480 2-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 480-pixel 2-color graphics mode screen displays three chess pieces. Type y if all the chess pieces are
identical and displayed correctly; otherwise, type n. Figure B-3 shows part of this screen.
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800 x 600 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 800- x 600-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of pyramids in 16 different colors with the
name of the color beneath each pyramid. Type y if all the
pyramids appear to be correct; otherwise, type n.
800 x 600 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 800- x 600-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of squares with four colors in each
square. Type y if all the squares appear to be correct;
otherwise, type n.
1024 x 768 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
Figure B-3. 640 x 480 2-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
640 x 480 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 480-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of stars in 16 different colors with the name
of the color beneath each star. Type y if all the stars are
the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
320 x 200 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 320- x 200-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of squares in 256 different color hues
and intensities. Type y if all the squares are the correct
colors; otherwise, type n.
640 x 480 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 480-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of squares with two colors in each
square. Type y if all the squares appear to be correct;
otherwise, type n.
The 1024- x 768-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of hourglasses in 16 different colors with
the name of the color beneath each hourglass. Type y
if all the hourglasses appear to be correct; otherwise,
type n.
1024 x 768 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 1024- x 768-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of asterisks with four colors in each
asterisk. Type y if all the asterisks appear to be correct;
otherwise, type n.
Color Palettes Test
The Color Palettes Test checks the video subsystem’s
ability to display all available colors. The test displays
two screens that allow you to check the quality of different shades of the basic colors and to test the ability of the
display or monitor to vary the intensity of these colors.
The first screen contains four sets of 64 squares, one for
gray and one for each of the three basic colors (red,
green, and blue). Each square contains a different shade
of its associated color, ranging from very light to very
dark. Type y if all the squares are the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
Diagnostic Video Tests
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The second screen is the red/green/blue (RGB) color
combination screen. This screen allows you to test the
ability of the display or monitor to increase or decrease
the intensity of the three basic colors.
The RGB color combination screen displays an RGB box
in the top center of the screen with individual red, green,
and blue boxes beneath it. Underneath the individual
color boxes are three lines that show the intensity of each
color. Type r, g, or b to adjust the intensity of the corresponding color; then press the right-arrow key to increase
the color intensity, or press the left-arrow key to decrease
the intensity. Type y if all the squares are the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
B-6
Solid Colors Test
The Solid Colors Test checks whether the video subsystem is displaying the correct colors. This test also lets
you check for missing pixels. When this test is running,
four screens appear sequentially—a red screen, a green
screen, a blue screen, and a white screen. Check each
screen for missing pixels, and verify that the correct color
is being displayed.
When the test is complete, a message asks if you are satisfied with the quality of the colors. Type y if all the
pixels were present and if the correct colors were displayed; otherwise, type n.
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Appendix C
Regulatory Notices
ll regulatory notices for the computer are located on
A
the bottom of the computer.
A Notice About Shielded Cables: Use only
shielded cables for connecting peripherals to any
Dell device to reduce the possibility of interference
with radio and television reception. Using shielded
cables ensures that you maintain the appropriate
FCC certification of this product. For parallel
printers, a cable is available from Dell Computer
Corporation.
FCC Class B Notice (U.S. Only)
NOTE: This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instruction manual,
may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B digital device pursuant to
Part 15 of the Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference with
radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, you are encouraged to
try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
Reorient the receiving antenna.
•
Plug the computer into a different outlet so that the
computer and the receiver are on different branch
circuits.
If necessary, consult a representative of Dell Computer
Corporation or an experienced radio/television technician
for additional suggestions. You may find the following
booklet helpful: FCC Interference Handbook, 1986,
available from the U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, DC 20402, Stock No. 004-000-00450-7.
Note that FCC regulations provide that changes or modifications not expressly approved by Dell Computer
Corporation could void your authority to operate this
equipment Furthermore, shielded cables must be used
when you connect peripherals to any Dell device.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
•
•
This device may not cause harmful interference.
This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
The following information is provided about the device
or devices covered by this document in compliance with
FCC regulations:
•
•
•
Product name: Dell Inspiron 3000
Model number: TS30H
Company name: Dell Computer Corporation
Regulatory Department
One Dell Way
Round Rock, Texas 78682 USA
512-338-4400
Relocate the computer with respect to the receiver.
Move the computer away from the receiver.
Regulatory Notices
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55899BK1.BK : 55899ac1.fm Page 2 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Modem Requirements
This equipment operates in compliance with Part 68 of
the FCC rules. In accordance with this regulation, the following requirements should be observed.
Type of Service
Your Dell portable computer modem is designed to be
used on standard device telephone lines. The modem
connects to the telephone line by means of a standard
jack called the USOC RJ-11C. Connection to a
telephone-company-provided coin service (centraloffice-implemented systems) is prohibited. Connection
to party-line service is subject to state tariffs.
Telephone Company Procedures
The goal of the telephone company is to provide you with
the best service it can. To this end, the company may
need to occasionally make changes in its equipment,
operations, or procedures. If these changes might affect
your service or the operation of your equipment, the telephone company will give you notice, in writing, to allow
you to make any changes necessary to maintain uninterrupted service.
If you have any questions about your telephone line, such
as how many pieces of equipment you can connect to it,
the telephone company will provide this information on
request.
In certain circumstances, it may be necessary for the telephone company to request information from you
concerning the equipment that you have connected to
your telephone line. On request of the telephone company, provide the FCC registration number and the ringer
equivalence number (REN) of the equipment that is connected to your line; both of these items are listed on the
equipment label. The sum of all the RENs on your telephone line should be less than five to ensure proper
service from the telephone company. In some cases, a
sum of five may not be usable on a given line.
If Problems Arise
If your telephone equipment is not operating properly,
immediately disconnect the modem from the telephone
line, as it may harm the telephone network. If the telephone company notes a problem, it may temporarily
C-2
discontinue service. When practical, it will notify you in
advance of this disconnection. If advance notice is not
feasible, you will be notified as soon as possible. When
you are notified, you will be given the opportunity to correct the problem and informed of your right to file a
complaint with the FCC.
If repairs are needed on your Dell portable computer
modem, they should be performed by Dell Computer
Corporation or an authorized representative of Dell Computer Corporation. To return products, you must call Dell
customer service at the toll-free number shown in Chapter 5, “Getting Help,” to receive a Credit Return
Authorization Number. For more information on returning equipment, see the “Total Satisfaction” Return Policy
in Appendix D, “Warranties and Return Policy.”
Installation and Labeling
Your Dell portable computer modem provides all the
connections necessary for proper operation. Connection
to the telephone network should be made with standard
modular cords that connect to the jacks or the modem.
Load Number
The load number (LN) assigned to each terminal device
denotes the percentage of the total load to be connected
to a telephone loop which is used by the device to prevent
overloading. The termination on a loop may consist of
any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the total of the LNs of all the devices does not
exceed 100. An alphabetic suffix is also specified in the
LN for the appropriate ringing type (A or B), if applicable. For example, LN = 20 A designates an LN of 20 and
an “A” type ringer.
IC Notice (Canada Only)
Most Dell portable computers (and other Dell digital apparatus) are classified by the Industry Canada (IC)
Interference-Causing Equipment Standard #3 (ICES-003)
as Class B digital devices. To determine which classification (Class A or B) applies to your computer (or other Dell
digital apparatus), examine all registration labels located
on the bottom or the back panel of your computer (or other
digital apparatus). A statement in the form of “IC Class A
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899ac1.fm Page 3 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
ICES-3” or “IC Class B ICES-3” will be located on one of
these labels.
Note that Industry Canada regulations provide that
changes or modifications not expressly approved by Dell
Computer Corporation could void your authority to operate this equipment.
EN 55022 Compliance (Czech
Republic Only)
This device belongs to category B devices as
described in EN 55022, unless it is specifically stated
that it is a category A device on the specification label.
The following applies to devices in category A of EN
55022 (radius of protection up to 30 meters). The user
of the device is obliged to take all steps necessary to
remove sources of interference to telecommunication
or other devices.
This Class B (or Class A, if so indicated on the registration label) digital apparatus meets the requirements
of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment
Regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la Classe B (ou Classe A, si
ainsi indiqué sur l’étiquette d’enregistration) respecte
toutes les exigences du Reglement sur le Materiel
Brouilleur du Canada.
1PLVE OFOÇ OB UZQPWÃN tUJULV QPÂÇUBÂF VWFEFOP xF
TQBE»EPUÒÇEZ"QPEMF&/TQBE»BVUPNBUJDLZ
EPUÒÇEZ#QPEMF&/1SP[BÒÇ[FOÇ[BÒB[FO»EP
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-
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Canadian Modem Requirements
The ICES label identifies certified equipment. This
certification means the equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operational, and safety
requirements. The Industry Canada regulations do not
guarantee the equipment will operate to the user's
satisfaction.
Before installing this equipment, ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the facilities of the local
telecommunications company. The equipment must also
be installed using an acceptable method of connection. In
some cases, the company’s inside wiring associated with
a single-line individual service may be extended by
means of a certified connector assembly (telephone
extension cord). Be aware that compliance with these
conditions may not prevent degradation of service in
some situations.
Repairs to certified equipment should be made by an
authorized Canadian maintenance facility designated by
the supplier (in this case, Dell Computer Corporation).
Any repairs or alterations made to this equipment, or
equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request that you disconnect the
equipment.
For your own protection, ensure that the electrical ground
connections of the power utility, telephone lines, and
internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be particularly
important in rural areas.
KJOZDI [BÒÇ[FOÇ KF VxJWBUFM QPWJOFO QSPWÃTU UBLPW»
PQBUÒFOÇBCZSVtFOÇPETUSBOJM
CE Notice
Marking by the symbol
indicates compliance of
this Dell portable computer to the EMC (Electromagnetic
Compatibility) directive of the European Community.
Such marking is indicative that this Dell portable computer meets or exceeds the following technical standards:
•
EN 55022 — “Limits and Methods of Measurement
of Radio Interference Characteristics of Information
Technology Equipment.”
NOTE: EN 55022 emissions requirements provide
for two classifications—Class A and Class B. If any
one of the registration labels (located on the bottom
or back panel of your computer, on card-mounting
brackets, or on the cards themselves) carries an
FCC Class A rating, the following warning applies
to your portable computer.
WARNING: This is a Class A product. In a
domestic environment this product may cause
radio interference in which case the user may
be required to take adequate measures.
Regulatory Notices
C-3
55899BK1.BK : 55899ac1.fm Page 4 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
•
EN 50082-1 — “Electromagnetic compatibility—
Generic immunity standard Part 1: Residential,
commercial, and light industry.”
•
IEC 801-2 — “Electromagnetic compatibility for
industrial-process measurement and control equipment
Part 2: Electrostatic discharge requirements.” —
Severity level 3.
•
IEC 801-3 — “Electromagnetic compatibility for
industrial-process measurement and control equipment Part 3: Radiated electromagnetic field
requirements.” — Severity level 2.
•
IEC 801-4 — “Electromagnetic compatibility for
industrial-process measurement and control equipment Part 4: Electrical fast transient/burst
requirements.” — Severity level 2.
•
EN60950:1992 + Amd.1:1993 + Amd.2:1993 —
“Safety of Information Technology Equipment
including Electrical Business Equipment.”
A “Declaration of Conformity” in accordance with the
above standards has been made and is on file at Dell
Products Europe BV, Limerick, Ireland.
VCCI Notices (Japan Only)
Most Dell computer systems are classified by the Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) as Class B
information technology equipment (ITE). However, the
inclusion of certain options changes the rating of some
configurations to Class A. To determine which classification applies to your computer system, examine the FCC
classification on the registration labels located on the
back panel of your computer, on card-mounting brackets,
and on the cards themselves. If any one of the labels carries an FCC Class A designation, your entire system is
considered to be VCCI Class A ITE. If all labels carry
either an FCC Class B identification number or the FCC
logo ( ), your system is considered to be VCCI Class B
ITE.
Once you have determined your system’s VCCI classification, read the appropriate VCCI notice. Note that VCCI
regulations provide that changes or modifications not
expressly approved by Dell Computer Corporation could
void your authority to operate this equipment.
C-4
Class A ITE
This is a Class A product based on the standard of the
Voluntary Control Council for Interference for information technology equipment. If this equipment is used in a
domestic environment, radio disturbance may arise.
When such trouble occurs, the user may be required to
take corrective actions.
Class B ITE
This is a Class B product based on the standard of the
Voluntary Control Council for Interference for information technology equipment. If this equipment is used near
a radio or television receiver in a domestic environment,
it may cause radio interference. Install and use the equipment according to the instruction manual.
Korean Regulatory Notice
To determine which classification (Class A or B) applies
to your portable computers (or other Dell digital apparatus), examine all registration labels located on the bottom
or the back panel of your computer (or other digital apparatus), on card-mounting brackets, and on the cards
themselves. If any one of the labels carries a Class A rating, your entire computer is considered to be a Class A
digital device. If all labels carry the Class B rating, your
computer is considered to be a Class B digital device.
NOTE: Class A devices are for business purposes. Class
B devices are for nonbusiness purposes.
Class A Device
Please note that this device has been approved for business
purposes with regard to electromagnetic interference. If
you find that this device is not suitable for your use, you
may exchange it for a device that has been approved for
use in residential as well as business environments.
Class B Device
Please note that this device has been approved for nonbusiness purposes and may be used in any environment,
including residential areas.
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1P[PTUBFJOTUSVLDKF
Polish Center for Testing and
Certification Notice
CF[QJFD[FËTUXB
All equipment that works together (computer, monitor,
printer, and so on) should have the same power supply
source.
•
-
/JFOBMF™ZV™ZXBÀXUZD[FLBEBQUFSPXZDIMVCVTV
XBÀLPLBPCXPEVPDISPOOFHP[XUZD[LJ+F™FMJ
LPOJFD[OFKFTUV™ZDJFQS[FEV™BD[BUPOBMF™ZV™ZÀ
The phasing conductor of the room’s electrical installation should have a reserve short-circuit protection device
in the form of a fuse with a nominal value no larger than
10 amperes (A).
To completely switch off the equipment, the power supply cable must be removed from the power supply socket,
which should be located near the equipment and easily
accessible.
QS[FEV™BD[B™ZPXFHP[QSBXJEPXP
QP“D[POZNQS[FXPEFNPDISPOOZN
•
4ZTUFNLPNQVUFSPXZOBMF™Z[BCF[QJFD[ZÀQS[FE
OBHZNJDIXJMPXZNJX[SPTUBNJMVCTQBELBNJ
OBQJÄDJBV™ZXBK“DFMJNJOBUPSBQS[FQJÄÀVS[“E[FOJB
EPQBTPXVK“DFHPMVCCF[[BLÍDFOJPXFHPySÍEB
[BTJMBOJB
•
/BMF™ZVQFXOJÀTJÄBCZOJDOJFMF™BPOBLBCMBDI
TZTUFNVLPNQVUFSPXFHPPSB[BCZLBCMFOJFCZZ
A protection mark “B” confirms that the equipment is in
compliance with the protection usage requirements of
standards PN–93/T–42107 and PN–89/E–06251.
VNJFT[D[POFXNJFKTDVHE[JFNP™OBCZPCZOBOJF
OBEFQUZXBÀMVCQPUZLBÀTJÄPOJF
•
/JFOBMF™ZSP[MFXBÀOBQPKÍXBOJJOOZDIQZOÍXOB
TZTUFNLPNQVUFSPXZ
8ZNBHBOJB1PMTLJFHP$FOUSVN
•
/JFOBMF™ZXQZDIBÀ™BEOZDIQS[FENJPUÍXEP
PUXPSÍXTZTUFNVLPNQVUFSPXFHPHEZ™NP™FUP
#BEBËJ$FSUZGJLBDKJ
TQPXPEPXBÀQP™BSMVCQPSB™FOJFQS“EFNQPQS[F[
[XBSDJFFMFNFOUÍXXFXOÄUS[OZDI
8TQ͍QSBDVK“DF[FTPC“VS[“E[FOJBLPNQVUFSNPOJUPS
ESVLBSLB
QPXJOOZCZÀ[BTJMBOF[UFHPTBNFHPySÍEB
•
4ZTUFNLPNQVUFSPXZQPXJOJFO[OBKEPXBÀTJÄ[EBMB
PEHS[FKOJLÍXJySÍEFDJFQB1POBEUPOJFOBMF™Z
*OTUBMBDKBFMFLUSZD[OBQPNJFT[D[FOJBQPXJOOB[BXJFSBÀ
-
XQS[FXPE[JFGB[PXZNSF[FSXPX“PDISPOÄQS[FE[XBS
DJBNJXQPTUBDJCF[QJFD[OJLBPXBSUPvDJ[OBNJPOPXFK
OJFXJÄLT[FKOJ™"BNQFSÍX
CMPLPXBÀPUXPSÍXXFOUZMBDZKOZDI/BMF™ZVOJLBÀ
LBE[FOJBMVyOZDIQBQJFSÍXQPELPNQVUFSPSB[
VNJFT[D[BOJBLPNQVUFSBXDJBTOZNNJFKTDVCF[
NP™MJXPvDJDZSLVMBDKJQPXJFUS[BXPL͍OJFHP
8DFMVDBLPXJUFHPXZ“D[FOJBVS[“E[FOJB[TJFDJ
[BTJMBOJBOBMF™ZXZK“ÀXUZD[LÄLBCMB[BTJMBK“DFHP[
HOJB[ELBLUÍSFQPXJOOP[OBKEPXBÀTJÄXQPCMJ™V
VS[“E[FOJBJCZÀBUXPEPTUÄQOF
-
;OBLCF[QJFD[FËTUXB#QPUXJFSE[B[HPEOPvÀVS[“E[F
OJB[XZNBHBOJBNJCF[QJFD[FËTUXBV™ZULPXBOJB
-
-
-
-
-
[BXBS UZNJX1/ 5 J1/ & Regulatory Notices
C-5
55899BK1.BK : 55899ac1.fm Page 6 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
NOM 024 Information
Información para NOM 024
(Mexico Only)
(únicamente para México)
The following information is provided on the device(s)
described in this document in compliance with the
requirements of the official Mexican standards
(NOM 024):
La información siguiente se proporciona en el dispositivo o en los dispositivos descritos en este documento,
en cumplimiento con los requisitos de la Norma Oficial
Mexicana (NOM 024):
Exporter:
Dell Computer Corporation
One Dell Way
Round Rock, TX 78682
Exportador:
Dell Computer Corporation
One Dell Way
Round Rock, TX 78682
Importer:
Dell Computer de México,
S.A. de C.V.
Rio Lerma No. 302 - 4° Piso
Col. Cuauhtemoc
16500 México, D.F.
Importador:
Dell Computer de México,
S.A. de C.V.
Rio Lerma No. 302 - 4° Piso
Col. Cuauhtemoc
16500 México, D.F.
Ship to:
Dell Computer de México,
S.A. de C.V. al Cuidado
de Kuehne & Nagel de
México S. de R.I.
Avenida Soles No. 55
Col. Peñon de los Baños
15520 México, D.F.
Embarcar a:
Dell Computer de México,
S.A. de C.V. al Cuidado
de Kuehne & Nagel de
México S. de R.I.
Avenida Soles No. 55
Col. Peñon de los Baños
15520 México, D.F.
Supply
voltage:
100/250 VAC ±10%
Tensión
alimentación:
100/250 V.C.A. ±10%
Frequency:
50/60 Hz
Frecuencia:
50/60 Hz
Current
consumption:
0.8/0.4 A
Consumo de
corriente:
0.8/0.4 A
C-6
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55899BK1.BK : 55899ad1.fm Page 1 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Appendix D
Warranties and Return Policy
ell systems come with either a one-year limited warD
ranty or a three-year limited warranty. The standard
limited one-year and three-year warranties for systems
purchased in the U.S. and Canada are included in the following subsections. However, your actual limited
warranty statement is noted on your invoice and included
in the documentation accompanying your system.
Limited One-Year Warranty
(U.S. and Canada Only)
Dell Computer Corporation (“Dell”) manufactures its
hardware products from parts and components that are
new or equivalent to new in accordance with industrystandard practices. Dell warrants that the hardware
products it manufactures will be free from defects in
materials and workmanship. The warranty term is one
year beginning on the date of invoice, as further
described in the following text.
Damage due to shipping the products to you is covered
under this warranty. Otherwise, this warranty does not
cover damage due to external causes, including accident,
abuse, misuse, problems with electrical power, servicing
not authorized by Dell, usage not in accordance with
product instructions, failure to perform required preventive maintenance, and problems caused by use of parts
and components not supplied by Dell.
This warranty does not cover any items that are in one or
more of the following categories: software; external
devices (except as specifically noted); accessories or
parts added to a Dell system after the system is shipped
from Dell; accessories or parts added to a Dell system
through Dell’s system integration department; accessories or parts that are not installed in the Dell factory; or
DellWare products. Monitors, keyboards, and mice that
are Dell-branded or that are included on Dell’s standard
price list are covered under this warranty; all other monitors, keyboards, and mice (including those sold through
the DellWare program) are not covered.
Dell will repair or replace products covered under this
limited warranty that are returned to Dell’s facility. To
request warranty service, you must call Dell’s Customer
Technical Support within the warranty period. Refer to
the chapter titled “Getting Help” in your Diagnostics and
Troubleshooting Guide or the section titled “Contacting
Dell” in your online System User’s Guide to find the
appropriate telephone number for obtaining customer
assistance. If warranty service is required, Dell will issue
a Return Material Authorization Number. You must ship
the products back to Dell in their original or equivalent
packaging, prepay shipping charges, and insure the shipment or accept the risk of loss or damage during
shipment. Dell will ship the repaired or replacement
products to you (freight prepaid) if you use an address in
the continental U.S. or Canada, where applicable. Shipments to other locations will be made freight collect.
NOTE: Before you ship the product(s) to Dell, back up
the data on the hard-disk drive(s) and any other storage
device(s) in the product(s). Remove any removable
media, such as diskettes, CDs, or PC Cards.
Dell owns all parts removed from repaired products. Dell
uses new and reconditioned parts made by various manufacturers in performing warranty repairs and building
replacement products. If Dell repairs or replaces a product, its warranty term is not extended.
DELL MAKES NO EXPRESS WARRANTIES OR
CONDITIONS BEYOND THOSE STATED IN THIS
WARRANTY STATEMENT. DELL DISCLAIMS ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT
LIMITATION IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONAS OR MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
Warranties and Return Policy
D-1
55899BK1.BK : 55899ad1.fm Page 2 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SOME STATES (OR
JURISDICTIONS) DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS
ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS, SO
THIS LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
DELL’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR MALFUNCTIONS
AND DEFECTS IN HARDWARE IS LIMITED TO
REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT AS SET FORTH IN
THIS WARRANTY STATEMENT. THESE WARRANTIES GIVE YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS AND
YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH
VARY FROM STATE TO STATE (OR JURISDICTION
TO JURISDICTION).
DELL DOES NOT ACCEPT LIABILITY BEYOND
THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY
STATEMENT OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY LIABILITY FOR
PRODUCTS NOT BEING AVAILABLE FOR USE OR
FOR LOST DATA OR SOFTWARE.
SOME STATES (OR JURISDICTIONS) DO NOT
ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES,
SO THE PRECEDING EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION
MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
These provisions apply to Dell’s limited one-year warranty only. For provisions of any service contract
covering your system, refer to the separate service contract that you will receive.
If Dell elects to exchange a product or portion of a product, the exchange will be made in accordance with Dell’s
Exchange Policy in effect on the date of the exchange.
Limited Three-Year Warranty
(U.S. and Canada Only)
Dell Computer Corporation (“Dell”) manufactures its
hardware products from parts and components that are
new or equivalent to new in accordance with industrystandard practices. Dell warrants that the hardware
products it manufactures will be free from defects in
materials and workmanship. The warranty term is three
years beginning on the date of invoice, as described in the
following text.
D-2
Damage due to shipping the products to you is covered
under this warranty. Otherwise, this warranty does not
cover damage due to external causes, including accident,
abuse, misuse, problems with electrical power, servicing
not authorized by Dell, usage not in accordance with
product instructions, failure to perform required preventive maintenance, and problems caused by use of parts
and components not supplied by Dell.
This warranty does not cover any items that are in one or
more of the following categories: software; external
devices (except as specifically noted); accessories or
parts added to a Dell system after the system is shipped
from Dell; accessories or parts added to a Dell system
through Dell’s system integration department; accessories or parts that are not installed in the Dell factory; or
DellWare products. Monitors, keyboards, and mice that
are Dell-branded or that are included on Dell’s standard
price list are covered under this warranty; all other monitors, keyboards, and mice (including those sold through
the DellWare program) are not covered. Batteries for
portable computers are covered only during the initial
one-year period of this warranty.
Coverage During Year One
During the one-year period beginning on the invoice
date, Dell will repair or replace products covered under
this limited warranty that are returned to Dell’s facility.
To request warranty service, you must call Dell’s
Customer Technical Support within the warranty period.
Refer to the chapter titled “Getting Help” in your Reference and Troubleshooting Guide or the section titled
“Contacting Dell” in your online System User’s Guide to
find the appropriate telephone number for obtaining customer assistance. If warranty service is required, Dell
will issue a Return Material Authorization Number. You
must ship the products back to Dell in their original or
equivalent packaging, prepay shipping charges, and
insure the shipment or accept the risk of loss or damage
during shipment. Dell will ship the repaired or replacement products to you freight prepaid if you use an
address in the continental U.S. or Canada, where applicable. Shipments to other locations will be made freight
collect.
NOTE: Before you ship the product(s) to Dell, back up
the data on the hard-disk drive(s) and any other storage
device(s) in the product(s). Remove any removable
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55899BK1.BK : 55899ad1.fm Page 3 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
media, such as diskettes, CDs, or PC Cards. Dell does
not accept liability for lost data or software.
Dell owns all parts removed from repaired products. Dell
uses new and reconditioned parts made by various manufacturers in performing warranty repairs and building
replacement products. If Dell repairs or replaces a product, its warranty term is not extended.
Coverage During Years Two and Three
During the second and third years of this limited warranty, Dell will provide, on an exchange basis and subject
to Dell’s Exchange Policy in effect on the date of the
exchange, replacement parts for the Dell hardware product(s) covered under this limited warranty when a part
requires replacement. You must report each instance of
hardware failure to Dell’s Customer Technical Support in
advance to obtain Dell’s concurrence that a part should
be replaced and to have Dell ship the replacement part.
Dell will ship parts and prepay the shipping costs if you
use an address in the continental U.S. or Canada, where
applicable. Shipments to other locations will be made
freight collect. Dell will include a prepaid shipping container with each replacement part for your use in
returning the replaced part to Dell. Replacement parts are
new or reconditioned. Dell may provide replacement
parts made by various manufacturers when supplying
parts to you. The warranty term for a replacement part is
the remainder of the limited warranty term.
You will pay Dell for replacement parts if the replaced
part is not returned to Dell. The process for returning
replaced parts, and your obligation to pay for replacement parts if you do not return the replaced parts to Dell,
will be in accordance with Dell’s Exchange Policy in
effect on the date of the exchange.
You accept full responsibility for your software and data.
Dell is not required to advise or remind you of appropriate backup and other procedures.
General
DELL MAKES NO EXPRESS WARRANTIES
BEYOND THOSE STATED IN THIS WARRANTY
STATEMENT. DELL DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
WITHOUT LIMITATION IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SOME STATES (OR JURISDICTIONS) DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO THIS LIMITATION
MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
DELL’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR MALFUNCTIONS
AND DEFECTS IN HARDWARE IS LIMITED TO
REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT AS SET FORTH IN
THIS WARRANTY STATEMENT. THESE WARRANTIES GIVE YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND
YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS, WHICH
VARY FROM STATE TO STATE (OR
JURISDICTION).
DELL DOES NOT ACCEPT LIABILITY BEYOND
THE REMEDIES SET FORTH IN THIS WARRANTY
STATEMENT OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY LIABILITY FOR
PRODUCTS NOT BEING AVAILABLE FOR USE OR
FOR LOST DATA OR SOFTWARE.
SOME STATES (OR JURISDICTIONS) DO NOT
ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES,
SO THE PRECEDING EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION
MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
These provisions apply to Dell’s limited three-year
warranty only. For provisions of any service contract
covering your system, refer to the separate service
contract that you will receive.
If Dell elects to exchange a system or component, the
exchange will be made in accordance with Dell’s
Exchange Policy in effect on the date of the exchange.
NOTE: If you chose one of the available warranty and
service options in place of the standard limited threeyear warranty described in the preceding text, the option
you chose will be listed on your invoice.
Warranties and Return Policy
D-3
55899BK1.BK : 55899ad1.fm Page 4 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
T
“ otal Satisfaction” Return Policy
(U.S. and Canada Only)
If you are an end-user customer who bought products
directly from a Dell company, you may return them to
Dell up to 30 days from the date of invoice for a refund of
the product purchase price if already paid. This refund
will not include any shipping and handling charges
shown on your invoice. If you are an organization who
bought the products from Dell under a written agreement
with Dell, there may be different terms for the return of
products under this policy, based on your agreement with
Dell. To return products, you must call Dell Customer
Service (at the telephone number listed in the chapter
titled “Getting Help” in your Reference and
Troubleshooting Guide or the section titled “Contacting
Dell” in your online System User’s Guide) to receive a
Credit Return Authorization Number. You must ship the
products to Dell in their original packaging, prepay shipping charges, and insure the shipment or accept the risk
of loss or damage during shipment. You may return software for refund or credit only if the sealed package
containing the diskette(s) or CD(s) is unopened. Returned
products must be in as-new condition, and all of the manuals, diskette(s), CD(s), power cables, and other items
included with a product must be returned with it.
This “Total Satisfaction” Return Policy does not apply to
DellWare products, which may be returned under
DellWare’s then-current return policy.
D-4
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 1 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
Index
A
boot routine
indications, 3-4
About
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-9
booting the computer, 2-9
bulletin board service. See TechConnect BBS
AC adapter connector, 1-2
alternating current. See AC
assistance
technical, 5-1
telephone numbers, 5-7
warranty repair or credit, 5-5
C
audio functions
troubleshooting, 3-23
cables
external diskette drive, 1-3
shielded cables, C-1
troubleshooting, 3-2
audio jacks, 1-2
cache memory, 1-3
Audio test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-19
calling Dell, 5-7
AutoTech service, 5-3
cautions, x
B
card. See PC Cards
CD-ROM drive
about, 1-2
troubleshooting, 3-15
central processing unit (CPU). See microprocessor
basic input/output system. See BIOS
battery, 1-2
beep codes
See also error messages
about, 3-7
BIOS, 1-3
boot device
selecting, 2-9
computer
customizing features, 2-1
features, 1-2
technical specifications, A-1
traveling with, v
connectors
location, 1-2
troubleshooting, 3-2
cords. See cables
Index
1
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 2 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
CPU. See microprocessor
disk. See diskette drive, hard-disk drive, CD-ROM drive
customizing computer features, 2-1
diskette drive
external, 1-3
failure during POST, 3-15
location, 1-1
testing, 4-15
D
Dell Diagnostics
about, 4-1
Audio test group, 4-19
before starting, 4-2
diagnostic video tests, B-1
Diagnostics Menu, 4-3
Diskette Drives test group, 4-15
error messages, 4-12
features, 4-1
Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI test group), 4-16
IDE CD ROM Drives test group, 4-17
Keyboard test group, 4-14
main screen, 4-4
Mouse test group, 4-15
Parallel Ports test group, 4-18
quitting, 4-9
RAM test group, 4-12
Serial/Infrared Ports test group, 4-18
starting, 4-2
system configuration information, 4-4
System Set test group, 4-12
tests, 4-9
using, 4-3
Video test group, 4-13
video tests, B-1
when to use, 4-1
Diskette Drives test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-15
diskettes
backup, 1-4
program, 1-4, 2-12
display
about, 1-1, 1-2
location, 1-1
troubleshooting, 3-18
display close/suspend button, 1-1
display latch, 1-1
drivers
about, 2-11
as source of program conflicts, 3-10
reinstalling, 2-12
dropped or damaged computer, 3-12
E
ECP-compatible devices, 2-5
electrostatic discharge. See ESD
device drivers. See drivers
error messages
beep codes, 3-8
Dell Diagnostics, 4-12
system error messages, 3-5
table, 3-5
diagnosing problems, 5-1
ESD, vii
diagnostic video tests, B-1
express service code, 5-2
Diagnostics Checklist, 5-6
Extended Capabilities Port. See ECP
diagnostics program. See Dell Diagnostics
extended graphics array. See XGA
Dell Inspiron Port Replicator I, 1-4
Dell Q&A, 5-3
2
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 3 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
F
failures
basic checks, 3-1
technical assistance, 5-1
troubleshooting, 3-1
fixed disk. See hard-disk drive
fixing problems, 5-1
floppy drive. See diskette drive
G
getting help, 5-1
graphics mode screens, B-4
grounding procedure, vi, 3-1
H
help tools (continued)
TechFax service, 5-4
user’s documentation, 5-3
hung system, 1-4
I
I/O
connectors, 1-2
panel, 1-2
troubleshooting functions, 3-21
IDE CD ROM Drives test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-17
indicator light, 1-1
infrared port
about, 1-3
location, 1-2
mapping, 2-5
mode selection, 2-5
troubleshooting, 3-22
hard drive. See hard-disk drives
input/output. See I/O
hard-disk drives
about, 1-3
ATA, 1-3
capacity, 2-3
power management, 2-8
testing, 4-16
troubleshooting, 3-16
Ultra DMA/33, 1-3
interrupt assignment conflicts, 3-10
Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI) test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-16
keyboard
about, 1-1
checking external keyboard during POST, 3-17
Keyboard test group in Dell Diagnostics, 4-14
help
from Dell Computer Corporation, 5-1
help tools
AutoTech service, 5-3
Dell Diagnostics program, 4-1, 5-3
Dell Q&A, 5-3
TechConnect BBS, 5-4
interrupt request. See IRQ
IRQ line assignment, 3-10
K
Keyboard test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-14
Key-Help
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-9
Index
3
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 4 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
L
N
lithium ion battery, 1-2
nonvolatile random-access memory. See NVRAM
notational conventions, x
notes, x
M
NVRAM, 2-2
main battery, 1-1
math coprocessor
testing, 4-13
O
memory
failure during POST, 3-18
RAM test group in Dell Diagnostics, 4-12
operating systems
reinstalling, 2-12
memory modules
reseating, 3-18
menu options
Dell Diagnostics, 4-5
messages
beep codes, 3-7
Dell Diagnostics, 4-1, 4-12
error messages, 3-9
system messages, 3-5
microphone, 1-1
microprocessor
about, 1-2
slowing the microprocessor, 2-8
speed, 1-2
monitor (external)
errors during POST, 3-19
monitor connector, 1-3
mouse, 1-3
Mouse test
Dell Diagnostics, 4-15
Options
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-6
options, 1-4
options bay, 1-1, 1-3
P
parallel port
disabling, 2-5
mapping, 2-5
troubleshooting, 3-20
Parallel Ports test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-18
parallel printer
troubleshooting, 3-21
passwords. See system password
PC Card slot, 1-2
PC Cards, 1-3
PCMCIA cards. See PC Cards
Personal System/2. See PS/2
ports. See parallel port, serial port, infrared port
4
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 5 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
POST
CD-ROM drive check, 3-15
diskette drive check, 3-15
external keyboard check, 3-17
external monitor check, 3-19
hard-disk drive check, 3-16
memory check, 3-18
R
power button, 1-1, 1-4
regulatory notices, C-1
power failure
AC power, 3-13
battery power, 3-14
cable connections, 3-2
partial, 3-15
troubleshooting, 3-13
reinstalling
drivers and utilities, 2-12
power management
modes, 1-3
save-to-disk suspend mode, 1-3
save-to-RAM suspend mode, 1-3
standby mode, 1-3
power-on self-test. See POST
problems
help tools, 5-1
troubleshooting, 3-1
with your order, 5-5
RAM count failure during POST, 3-18
RAM test group
in Dell Diagnostics, 4-12
random-access memory. See RAM
return policy, D-4
returns, 5-5
Run
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-5
S
safety instructions
ESD prevention, vii
general, v
working inside your computer, vi
save-to-disk suspend mode, 1-3
processor. See microprocessor
save-to-RAM suspend mode, 1-3
product information, 5-5
security
cable slot, 1-2
system password, 2-7
Program Diskette Maker, 1-4
program diskette sets, 1-4
program. See system utilities
PS/2 connector, 1-3
Select
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-5
serial devices
troubleshooting, 3-21
Q
serial port
mapping, 2-5
troubleshooting, 3-20
Quit
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-9
Serial/Infrared Ports test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-18
service, 5-1
Index
5
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 6 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
service tag, 5-2
super video graphics array. See SVGA
Setup messages, 2-2
support
technical, 5-1
Setup program
accessing, 2-2
Exit menu options, 2-9
Main menu options, 2-2
Power menu options, 2-7
Security menu options, 2-6
System Devices menu options, 2-4
shielded cables, C-1
shutting down the computer, 1-4
software
apparent malfunction, 4-12
corrupted, 2-12
drivers, 2-11, 3-10
error messages, 3-9
included with computer, 1-4
included with your computer, 1-5
installing and configuring, 3-9
memory-resident programs, 3-10
problems, 3-9
program conflicts, 3-10
reinstalling, 2-12
start-up files, 3-9
system utilities, 2-1
troubleshooting errors, 3-9
using, 3-9
virus scans, 3-9
speakers
location, 1-1
specifications
technical, A-1
SVGA display, 1-2
system
features, 1-2
specifications, A-1
system configuration information
about, 2-2
confirming with Dell Diagnostics, 4-4
System Date option
Setup program, 2-3
system error messages
See also error messages
about, 3-5
system memory, 1-3
system password
assigning or changing, 2-7
System Set test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-12
system software
reinstalling, 2-12
system utilities, 2-1
T
TechConnect BBS, 5-4
TechFax service, 5-4
start-up files, 3-9
technical assistance
obtaining, 5-1
warranty repair or credit, 5-5
status display panel, 1-1
technical specifications, A-1
Subtest
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-5
terminate-and-stay-resident. See TSR
standby mode, 1-3
6
Test Limits
option in Dell Diagnostics, 4-8
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 7 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
touch pad
about, 1-3
location, 1-1
testing, 4-15
troubleshooting, 3-22
troubleshooting
about, 3-1
AC power failure, 3-13
audible signs of problems, 3-3
audio functions, 3-23
basic problems, 3-1
battery power failure, 3-14
beep codes, 3-7
CD-ROM drive, 3-15
checking connections, 3-2
Diagnostics Checklist, 5-6
diskette drive failure during POST, 3-15
display failure, 3-18
dropped or damaged computer, 3-12
external keyboard, 3-17
external monitor, 3-19
failure during RAM count, 3-18
hard-disk drive failure during POST, 3-16
I/O functions, 3-20
infrared port, 3-22
IRQ conflicts, 3-10
messages, 3-5
monitor, 3-19
parallel port, 3-20
parallel printer, 3-21
partial power failure, 3-15
serial devices, 3-21
serial port, 3-20
software errors, 3-9
starting, 3-1
touch pad, 3-22
water damage, 3-11
TSR programs
about, 3-9
problems with, 3-10
turning off the computer, 1-4
turning on the computer, 1-4
typographical conventions, x
U
Universal Serial Bus. See USB
upgrade options, 1-4
USB, 1-3
user’s documentation, x, 5-3
utilities
reinstalling, 2-12
V
video control circuitry, 4-13
video controller, 4-13
video display, 1-2
video functions
about, B-1
testing, 4-13
video memory, A-3
video subsystem. See Video test group
Video test group
Dell Diagnostics, 4-13
video tests
Color Palettes Test, B-5
Graphics Mode Test, B-4
Solid Colors Test, B-6
Text Mode Character Test, B-1
Text Mode Color Test, B-3
Text Mode Pages Test, B-4
Video Hardware Test, B-1
Video Memory Test, B-1
Index
7
55899BK1.BK : 55899bk1.IX Page 8 Wednesday, February 4, 1998 1:20 PM
W
X
warnings, x
XGA display, 1-2
warranty information, ix, D-2
warranty repair or credit, 5-5
water damage, 3-11
8
Dell Inspiron 3000 Reference and Troubleshooting Guide
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