Dell 3100/E310 Personal Computer User Manual

ENGLISH
CONTENTS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
2–3
AUTOMATIC DEMONSTRATION 4
COMPACT
VHS CAMCORDER
GR-SXM470A
GR-FXM270A
GR-FXM170A
GR-FXM17A
GR-FX220A
GR-FX120A
GR-FX12A
GR-SXM27EA
GR-SX22EA
PROVIDED ACCESSORIES
GETTING STARTED
RECORDING
4
6 – 13
14 – 29
Basic Recording .......................... 14
Basic Features ........................... 16
Zooming, 5-Sec. Recording, Picture Stabiliser,
Quick Review, Video Light, Retake
Advanced Features ...................... 18
Snapshot, Night-Scope, Fade/Wipe Effects,
Program AE With Special Effects,
Digital Effects, Using Menus For Detailed
Adjustment, Date/Time Insert, Instant Titles,
Animation, Time-Lapse, Exposure Control,
Focusing, White Balance Adjustment,
Manual White Balance Operation
PLAYBACK
30 – 34
Basic Playback ........................... 30
Features .................................. 31
Connections And Tape Dubbing ........ 32
Using The Cassette Adapter ........... 34
USING THE REMOTE
CONTROL UNIT
(GR-SXM470A only)
35 – 43
Playback Zoom .......................... 37
Insert Editing ............................. 38
Audio Dubbing ........................... 39
Random Assemble Editing .............. 40
DETAILS
TROUBLESHOOTING
44 – 45
46 – 47
INDEX
48 – 51
Controls, Connectors
And Indicators ......................... 48
Indications ................................ 50
625
VHS
PAL
CAUTIONS
52 – 54
SPECIFICATIONS
55
S-VHS is compatible with
GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only.
INSTRUCTIONS
LYT0683-001A
EN
2
EN
Dear Customer,
Thank you for purchasing the JVC Compact VHS camcorder. Before use, please read the safety information
and precautions contained in the following pages to ensure safe use of this product.
Using This Instruction Manual
• All major sections and subsections are listed in the Table Of Contents on the cover.
• Notes appear after most subsections. Be sure to read these as well.
• Basic and advanced features/operation are separated for easier reference.
It is recommended that you . . .
.... refer to the Index ( pgs. 48 – 51) and familiarise yourself with button locations, etc. before use.
.... read thoroughly the Safety Precautions. They contain extremely important information regarding the safe
use of this product.
You are recommended to carefully read the cautions on pages 52 – 54 before use.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING:
TO PREVENT FIRE OR SHOCK
HAZARD, DO NOT EXPOSE
THIS UNIT TO RAIN OR
MOISTURE.
CAUTION:
CAUTIONS:
If you notice smoke or a peculiar smell coming
from the camcorder or AC adapter, shut it
down and unplug it immediately. Continue
using the camcorder or AC adapter under
these conditions could lead to fire or electric
shock. Contact your JVC dealer. Do not
attempt to repair the malfunction yourself.
To prevent shock, do not open the cabinet. No
user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to
qualified personnel.
When you are not using the AC Adapter for a
long period of time, it is recommended that
you disconnect the power cord from AC outlet.
To avoid electric shock or damage to the unit,
first firmly insert the small end of the power
cord into the AC Adapter until it is no longer
wobbly, and then plug the larger end of the
power cord into an AC outlet.
625
Cassettes marked “
” and “
” can be used with this camcorder.
However, S-VHS recordings are possible* only with cassettes marked “
* GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only.
”.
EN
NOTES:
● The rating plate (serial number plate) and safety caution are on the bottom and/or the back of the main
unit.
● The rating information and safety caution of the AC Adapter are on its bottom.
CAUTIONS:
This camcorder is designed to be used with PAL-type colour television signals. It cannot be used for
playback with a television of a different standard. However, live recording and LCD monitor*/viewfinder
playback are possible anywhere.
Use the JVC BN-V11U/V12U/V20U/V400U battery packs and, to recharge them or to supply power to
the camcorder from an AC outlet, use the provided multi-voltage AC Adapter and Power Cord.
(An appropriate conversion adapter may be necessary to accommodate different designs of AC outlets in
different countries.)
* Models equipped with LCD monitor only.
When the equipment is installed in a cabinet or on a shelf, make sure that it has sufficient space on all
sides to allow for ventilation (10 cm or more on both sides, on top and at the rear).
Do not block the ventilation holes.
(If the ventilation holes are blocked by a newspaper, or cloth etc. heat may not be able to get out.)
No naked flame sources, such as lighted candles, should be placed on the apparatus.
When discarding batteries, environmental problems must be considered and local rules or laws governing
the disposal of these batteries must be followed strictly.
The apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping or splashing.
Do not use this equipment in a bathroom or places with water.
Also do not place any containers filled with water or liquids (such as cosmetics or medicines, flower vases,
potted plants, cups etc.) on top of this unit.
(If water or liquid is allowed to enter this equipment, fire or electric shock may be caused.)
ATTENTION USERS OF RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES
DO NOT DISPOSE RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES OR PRODUCTS POWERED BY NONREMOVABLE RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES, THESE BATTERIES AND PRODUCTS CAN BE
RECYCLED.
AT THE END OF NORMAL LIFE,
IN
AUSTRALIA,
RETURN TO YOUR POINT OF PURCHASE OR MAIL TO:
Hagemeyer (Australasia) B.V. 5-7 Garema Circuit Kingsgrove NSW 2208 Australia
Attn : Service Dept.
Phone : (02)750 3777
IN NEW
PLEASE
ZEALAND,
RETURN
BATTERIES
BY
Hagemeyer (NZ) Limited P.O. Box 100589 Auckland 1000
Phone : (09)415 8758
MAIL
TO:
3
4
EN
AUTOMATIC DEMONSTRATION
Automatic Demonstration takes place when “DEMO MODE” is set to “ON”
(factory-preset).
Available when the Power Switch is set to “ ” or “ ”.
Operating the Power Zoom Lever during the demonstration stops the
demonstration temporarily. If the Power Zoom Lever is not moved for
more than 1 minute after that, the demonstration will resume.
“DEMO MODE” remains “ON” even if the camcorder power is turned
off.
To cancel Automatic Demonstration, set the Power Switch to “ ” and
press MENU while the demo is in progress. This takes you directly to the
demo mode’s Setting Menu (so you will not have to go through the main
Menu Screen). Rotate MENU to select “OFF” and press it.
DEMO MODE
OF F
ON
EX I T
Setting Menu
NOTE:
When a tape whose Erase Protection tab is in the position that allows recording is loaded in the
camcorder, demonstration is not available.
PROVIDED ACCESSORIES
• Battery Pack
BN-V11U
• Remote Control
Unit RM-V716U
(GR-SXM470A only)
• Cassette Adapter C-P7U
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/
FXM170A/FX220A/FX120A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
• AC Adapter
AP-V10A, AP-V10AS
or AP-V10EA
• Lens Cap
• A/V (Audio/Video)
Cable
• S-Video Cable
(GR-SXM470A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA
only)
• Editing Cable
(ø3.5 mini-plug cable)
(GR-SXM470A only)
• AAA (R03) Battery x 2
(for Remote Control Unit,
GR-SXM470A only)
• Power Cord
• AA (R6) Battery
(for Cassette Adapter,
GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/
FXM170A/FX220A/FX120A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
• Shoulder Strap
• Core Filter x 3
(for provided A/V Cable and AC Adapter,
GR-FXM270A/FXM170A/FXM17A/
FX220A/FX120A/FX12A only)
• Core Filter x 4
(for provided A/V Cable, S-Video Cable
and AC Adapter, GR-SXM470A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
EN
How To Attach The Core Filter
Attach the provided Core Filter to the provided A/V Cable, S-Video Cable and AC Adapter.
The Core Filter reduces interference.
1
2
1 Release the stoppers on both ends of the Core
Filter.
5 cm
2 Run the cable through the Core Filter, leaving
approx. 5 cm of cable between the cable plug
and the Core Filter. Wind the cable around the
outside of the Core Filter as shown in the
illustration.
•Wind the cable so that it is not slack.
NOTE:
Take care not to damage the cable.
Stopper
3 Close the Core Filter until it clicks shut.
Connect the end of the cable with the Core
Filter to the camcorder.
3
With the provided AC Adapter, attach Core Filters to both ends of the cable as shown below.
5 cm
5 cm
How To Attach The Lens Cap
To protect the lens, attach the provided lens cap to the camcorder as shown in the illustration.
1
2
3
5
6
GETTING STARTED
EN
Power
Hook on.
1
This camcorder’s 2-way power supply system lets you
choose the most appropriate source of power. Do not use
provided power supply units with other equipment.
2 Push in.
CHARGING THE BATTERY PACK
1
Make sure the battery pack is attached to the
camcorder. Hook its end to the camcorder 1 and
push the battery in until it locks in place 2.
•If the battery pack is attached in the wrong position,
a malfunction may occur.
2
Set the Power Switch to “OFF”. Connect the AC
Adapter to the camcorder 3, then connect the Power
Cord to the AC Adapter 4.
3
Plug the Power Cord into an AC outlet 5.
The CHARGE lamp on the camcorder blinks to
indicate charging has started.
4
When the CHARGE lamp stops blinking but stays lit,
charging is finished. Unplug the Power Cord from the
AC outlet. Disconnect the AC Adapter from the
camcorder.
BATTERY RELEASE Switch
REFRESH Button
REFRESH Lamp
CHARGE Lamp
Battery pack
Power Switch
3
To AC outlet
To DC IN
connector
5
4
Battery pack
AC Adapter
Charging time
BN-V11U
approx. 1 hr. 30 min.
BN-V12U (optional)
approx. 1 hr. 30 min.
BN-V20U (optional)
approx. 2 hrs. 20 min.
BN-V400U (optional)
approx. 4 hrs. 30 min.
To Detach The Battery Pack . . .
.... slide BATTERY RELEASE and pull out the battery pack.
NOTES:
● During charging or discharging, the camcorder cannot
be operated.
● Charging and discharging is not possible if the wrong
type of battery is used.
● When charging the battery pack for the first time or after
a long storage period, the CHARGE lamp may not light.
In this case, remove the battery pack from the
camcorder, then try charging again.
● If the battery operation time remains extremely short
even after having been fully charged, the battery is worn
out and needs to be replaced. Please purchase a new
one.
● Using the optional AA-V15 AC Power Adapter/Charger,
you can charge the BN-V11U/V12U/V20U/V400U
battery pack without the camcorder. However, it cannot
be used as an AC adapter.
REFRESH:
Charging a battery with some charge remaining reduces that battery’s capacity. Perform the procedure
below to fully discharge the battery pack before recharging.
1. Perform steps 1 through 3 of “CHARGING THE BATTERY PACK”.
2. Press REFRESH on the camcorder for over 2 seconds. The REFRESH lamp on the camcorder blinks to
indicate discharging has started.
3. When discharging is finished, charging automatically starts and the CHARGE lamp blinks.
When you are not using a battery pack for a long period of time, be sure to fully discharge it before storing
because leaving a battery with some charge left over also reduces performance.
For other notes, pg. 44
EN
7
USING THE BATTERY PACK
ATTENTION:
Before detaching the power source, make
sure that the camcorder’s power is turned
off. Failure to do so can result in a
camcorder malfunction.
Perform step 1 of “CHARGING THE BATTERY PACK”
( pg. 6).
Approximate recording time (unit: min.)
Battery pack
Charge marker
A charge marker is provided on
the battery pack to help you
remember whether it has been
charged or not. Two colours are
provided (red and black)—you
choose which one means
charged and which means
discharged.
Viewfinder on
LCD monitor on
1
2
1
BN-V11U
95
(50)
100
(50)
80
(45)
BN-V12U
(optional)
95
(50)
100
(50)
80
(45)
BN-V20U
(optional)
150
(85)
165
(90)
135
(75)
BN-V400U
(optional)
360
(205)
385
(210)
315
(190)
1 When using models equipped with LCD monitor
2 When using GR-FX220A/FX120A/FX12A/SX22EA
( ) : when the video light is on (GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/
FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
NOTES:
● Recording time is reduced significantly under the
following conditions:
• Zoom or Record-Standby mode is engaged repeatedly.
• The LCD monitor is used repeatedly (models equipped
with LCD monitor only).
● Before extended use, it is recommended that you
prepare enough battery packs to cover 3 times the
planned shooting time.
USING AC POWER
Use the AC Adapter (connect as shown in the illustration).
NOTES:
● The provided AC Adapter features automatic voltage
selection in the AC range from 110 V to 240 V.
● For other notes, pg. 44.
To AC outlet
To DC IN
connector
AC Adapter
GETTING STARTED (cont.)
EN
Grip Adjustment
Power Zoom
Lever
Recording
Start/Stop
Button
3
2
1
2
3
1
OFF
AY
M
A
Set to “
“ ”.
Separate the Velcro strip.
Pass your right hand through the loop and grasp the
grip.
Adjust so that your thumb and fingers can easily
operate the Recording Start/Stop Button and Power
Zoom Lever. Refasten the Velcro strip.
Set the Power Switch to “
” or “
”.
Adjust the viewfinder manually for best viewability.
Turn the Dioptre Adjustment Control until the
indications in the viewfinder are clearly focused.
” or
Shoulder Strap Attachment
PAUSE
2
4
1
2
3
Viewfinder Adjustment
180°
PL
8
1
1
Following the illustration, thread the strap through the
eyelet 1, then fold it back and thread it through the
buckle 2. Repeat the procedure to attach the other
end of the strap to the other eyelet 3, making sure
the strap is not twisted.
2
Adjust as shown in the illustration 4.
3
Tripod Mounting
1
Align the screw and camera direction stud on the
tripod with the camera’s mounting socket and stud
hole. Then tighten the screw.
CAUTION:
When using a tripod, be sure to open and extend
its legs fully to Stabilize the camcorder. To
prevent damage to the unit caused by falling
over, do not use a small-sized tripod.
EN
9
Date/Time Settings
MENU Wheel
1
2
3
Set the Power Switch to “
comes on.
4
5
Rotate MENU to select “DATE/TIME” and press it.
The DATE/TIME Menu appears.
S Y S TEM ME NU
NE X T
R E C MOD E
SP
D . Z OOM
50x
6
When none of these settings (“YEAR”, “MONTH”,
“DAY”, “TIME”) blinks, rotate MENU to select “EXIT”,
and press it. The Menu Screen reappears with the
highlight bar on “ RETURN”.
S Y S T EM ME NU
T O CAME RA ME NU
R E C T I ME
OF F
I N T . T I ME
OF F
T E L E MACRO
OF F
T I T L E L ANG .
E NG L I SH
DA T E / T I ME
06
J L I P I D NO .
OF F
D EMO MOD E
7
Press MENU to close the Menu Screen.
Power Switch
Display
CAME RA ME NU
T O S Y S T EM ME NU
F OCU S
AU T O
E X POS UR E
AU T O
M . W. B .
AU T O
Menu Screen
”. The power lamp
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “ TO SYSTEM MENU” and
press it to display SYSTEM MENU. Rotate MENU to
select “ NEXT” and press it to display the next page.
To set “YEAR”, “MONTH”, “DAY” or “TIME” (hour/
minute), rotate MENU to select the desired item, and
press it. When the setting begins blinking, rotate
MENU until the correct setting appears and then
press it. The setting stops blinking.
NOTE:
To display the date and time in the camcorder’s display and
on a connected TV, see “Date/Time Insert” ( pg. 25).
R E T URN
DATE / T I ME
Y E AR
MON T H
DA Y
T I ME
2001
6
28
20 : 20
DATE/TIME Menu
24-hour
indication
EX I T
For other notes,
pg. 44
10
GETTING STARTED (cont.)
EN
Recording Format Setting
MENU Wheel
(GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
Set the recording format according to the format of the
tape used or type of recording you wish to perform.
NOTE:
S-VHS ET recording is not possible when the recording
mode is set to “LP”.
Before performing the following steps, make sure that the
recording mode is set to “SP” ( pg. 12).
Power Switch
Display: when a VHS cassette is loaded.
S Y S T EM ME NU
NE X T
R E C MOD E
SP
50x
D . Z OOM
W I DE
OF F
ON
S – VHS E T
T A P E L E NG T H T 3 0
D I S P L AY
FUL L
R E T URN
Menu Screen
Set the Power Switch to “
comes on.
4
Rotate MENU to set to either of the parameters, then
press it. The Menu Screen reappears with the
highlight bar on “ RETURN”.
In the S-VHS ET Setting Menu,
ON : Records with S-VHS picture quality on a VHS
cassette (factory-preset). This is called Super
VHS ET (Expansion Technology).
OFF : Records in VHS.
In the S-VHS Setting Menu,
ON : Records in S-VHS on an S-VHS cassette
(factory-preset).
OFF : Records in VHS on an S-VHS cassette.
5
Press MENU to close the Menu Screen.
•When the S-VHS ET mode is engaged, “S-ET” is
displayed.
•During S-VHS record mode, “S” is displayed.
•When S-VHS ET or S-VHS recording starts,
“S-VHS REC” is displayed for approx. 3 seconds.
When an S-VHS
cassette is
loaded: S-VHS
S – VHS ET
Setting Menu
ON
OF F
1
2
3
EX I T
S Y S T EM ME NU
NE X T
R E C MOD E
SP
D . Z OOM
50x
W I DE
OF F
S – VHS E T
ON
T A P E L E NG T H T 3 0
D I S P L AY
FUL L
R E T URN
Normal Screen
”. The power lamp
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “ TO SYSTEM MENU” and
press it to display SYSTEM MENU.
If a VHS cassette is loaded . . .
.... rotate MENU to select “S-VHS ET”, then press it.
The S-VHS ET Setting Menu appears.
If an S-VHS cassette is loaded . . .
.... rotate MENU to “S-VHS”, then press it.
The S-VHS Setting Menu appears.
NOTE:
If a cassette is not loaded, “S-VHS” will be displayed in the
Menu Screen.
EN
11
NOTES about S-VHS and S-VHS ET
JVC EHG (Extra High Grade) tapes are recommended for superior results.
Use S-VHS tape for storing recordings for an extended period or for recording important scenes, as it
enables higher-quality recording and playback.
— It is recommended to specifically label S-VHS ET recordings so you can easily distinguish them from
regular VHS recordings.
With some tapes, better picture quality may not be obtained even with S-VHS ET recording. It is
recommended that you do test record beforehand to make sure whether better results can be obtained.
If the S-VHS ET mode or recording format is switched during recording, the playback picture will be
blurred at the switching point.
It is recommended that tapes recorded on this camcorder be played back on this camcorder.
Tapes recorded in S-VHS or S-VHS ET mode can be played back not only on this camcorder but also on
a Super VHS VCR.
— Tapes recorded in S-VHS ET mode cannot be played back on some VCRs, including some JVC VCRs.
Tapes recorded in S-VHS or S-VHS ET mode cannot be played back correctly on a normal VHS VCR.
S-VHS ET does not work with S-VHS tapes.
To avoid on-screen noise, do not perform Still Playback or Shuttle Search repeatedly.
If the picture contains a lot of jitter or noise, use a cleaning cassette.
Compatibility Between S-VHS And VHS
Recording
Blank tape
Playback
Camcorder
Recorded tape
Cassette adapter
S-VHS VCR
S-VHS-C
cassette
S-VHS
recordings
S-VHS ET
recordings
• The recorded format (S-VHS or
VHS) is automatically detected
when playback begins.
Regular VHS VCR
VHS-C
cassette
VHS
recordings
• S-VHS recorded tapes cannot be
viewed on regular VHS VCRs.
12
GETTING STARTED (cont.)
EN
Recording Mode Setting
MENU Wheel
Set the tape recording mode depending on your preference.
1
2
3
4
Power Switch
Display
REC MODE
REC MODE Menu
SP
LP
Set the Power Switch to “
comes on.
”. The power lamp
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “ TO SYSTEM MENU” and
press it to display SYSTEM MENU.
Rotate MENU to select “REC MODE” and press it.
The REC MODE Menu appears. Select “SP” or “LP”
by rotating MENU and press it. The Menu Screen
reappears with the highlight bar on “ RETURN”.
Press MENU to close the Menu Screen.
•“LP” (Long Play) is more economical, providing
twice the recording time.
NOTES:
● If the recording mode is switched during recording, the
playback picture will be blurred at the switching point.
● S-VHS ET recording is not possible when the recording
mode is set to “LP” ( pg. 10, 24).
EX I T
Recording mode
indicator
SP
Tape Length Setting
Set the tape length according to the length of the tape
used.
Display
TAPE LENGTH
TAPE LENGTH
Menu
T30
T45
T50
T60
EX I T
T30
1
2
3
Rotate MENU to select “TAPE LENGTH”, then press
it. The TAPE LENGTH Menu appears.
4
Press MENU. The Menu Screen reappears with the
highlight bar on “ RETURN”. Press MENU to close
the Menu Screen.
Tape length
indicator
Perform steps 1 through 3 above.
Rotate MENU to select the correct tape length setting.
•T30=30 minutes
•T45=45 minutes
•T50=50 minutes
•T60=60 minutes
NOTE:
The tape remaining time ( pg. 14) is correct only if the
correct tape length has been selected.
EN
EJECT Switch
Cassette holder
EJECT Switch
Close Button
Turn to take
up slack.
Gear
Open the LCD monitor fully (models equipped with
LCD monitor only).
Slide EJECT until the cassette holder opens. Do not
use force to open.
Insert or remove a cassette. When inserting, make
sure the label is facing outward.
Press the Close button to close the cassette holder
until it locks into place.
Close the LCD monitor (models equipped with LCD
monitor only).
NOTES:
● Closing the LCD monitor while the cassette holder is still
open may cause damage to the LCD monitor
(models equipped with LCD monitor only).
● The cassette holder can’t be opened unless a power
supply is attached.
● Make sure that the tape is not slack when loading the
cassette. If there is any slack, turn the gear on the
cassette in the direction of the arrow to take up the
slack.
● Make sure the Erase Protection tab is in the position that
allows recording. If not, slide the tab. Some cassettes
have removable tabs. If the tab has been removed, cover
the hole with adhesive tape.
● The cassette holder cannot be opened while the
camcorder is in the record mode.
Cassette holder
Erase Protection tab
Loading/Unloading A Cassette
1
2
3
4
5
Close Button
13
14
RECORDING Basic Recording
EN
NOTE:
You should already have performed the procedures listed
below. If not, do so before continuing.
● Power ( pg. 6)
● Load A Cassette ( pg. 13)
● Recording Mode Setting ( pg. 12)
● Tape Length Setting ( pg. 12)
● Grip Adjustment ( pg. 8)
● Viewfinder Adjustment ( pg. 8)
During shooting
Power Switch
Shooting While Watching The Viewfinder
1
Make sure the LCD monitor is closed and locked
(models equipped with LCD monitor only). Press in
the tabs on the lens cap to remove it. Set the Power
Switch to “ ” or “ ”. The power lamp lights and
the camcorder enters the Record-Standby mode.
“PAUSE” is displayed in the viewfinder.
2
Press the Recording Start/Stop Button. “
” appears
in the viewfinder while recording is in progress.
Recording Start/Stop Button
2 5M I N
Tape remaining
time indicator
(Approximate)
MIN
60MIN
59MIN
(Now calculating)
0MIN
1MIN
2MIN
(Blinking)
(Blinking)
(Blinking)
3MIN
BRIGHT Wheel (models equipped
with LCD monitor only)
180°
90°
BR I GHT – – – – – – – –6– – – +
To Adjust The Brightness Of The LCD Monitor
.... rotate BRIGHT until the bright level
indicator on the display moves and the
appropriate brightness is reached.
To Stop Recording . . .
.... press the Recording Start/Stop Button. The camcorder
re-enters the Record-Standby mode.
Shooting While Watching The LCD Monitor
(models equipped with LCD monitor only)
1
Make sure the LCD monitor is fully open. Press in the
tabs on the lens cap to remove it. Set the Power
Switch to “ ” or “ ”. The power lamp lights and
the camcorder enters the Record-Standby mode.
“PAUSE” is displayed in the LCD monitor.
2
Tilt the LCD monitor upward/downward for best
viewability and press the Recording Start/Stop Button.
“
” appears in the LCD monitor while recording is
in progress.
NOTE:
When you use the LCD monitor outdoors in direct
sunlight, the LCD monitor may be difficult to see. If this
happens, use the viewfinder instead.
To Stop Recording . . .
.... press the Recording Start/Stop Button. The camcorder
re-enters the Record-Standby mode.
Power Switch Position
OFF
:
:
:
:
Suitable for standard recording using NO special effects or manual adjustments.
Allows you to set recording functions using the menus for more creative capabilities.
Switches off the camcorder.
Allows you to play back your recordings.
EN
15
NOTES:
● If the Record-Standby mode continues for 5 minutes without performing Zoom or any other operations, the
camcorder’s power shuts off automatically. Set the Power Switch to “OFF”, and then back to “ ” or “ ” to
turn the camcorder on again.
● If you are recording on a cassette from the middle (such as when a tape is removed and re-inserted during
recording), use the Retake function ( pg. 17) to find the end of the last recording so you do not erase any
of it.
● To remove the indications from the camcorder’s display during recording, pg. 22, 24.
Self-Recording
JOURNALISTIC SHOOTING (models
equipped with LCD monitor only)
SELF-RECORDING (models equipped with
In some situations, different shooting angles may
provide more dramatic results. Hold the camcorder in
the desired position and tilt the LCD monitor in the
most convenient direction. It can rotate 270° (90°
downward, 180° upward).
You can shoot yourself while viewing your own
image in the LCD monitor. Open the LCD monitor
and tilt it upward 180° so that it faces forward, then
point the lens toward yourself and start recording.
LCD monitor only)
For other notes, pg. 45
16
RECORDING Basic Features
EN
Zooming:
Zoom in (T: Telephoto)
Zoom out (W: Wide angle)
RETAKE (2/3) Button
LIGHT OFF/AUTO/
ON Switch
(GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA
only)
5 SEC. REC Button
(GR-FXM170A/
FXM17A/FX120A/
FX12A only)
Power Zoom Lever
P. STABILIZER
Button
Display
Zoom indicator
bar
1x
Zoom level
indicator
Approximate
zoom ratio
Picture Stabiliser indicator
PAUSE
5S
5 Sec. Rec mode indicator
(GR-FXM170A/FXM17A/FX120A/FX12A only)
To produce the zoom in/out effect, or an
instantaneous change in image magnification.
Digital circuitry extends the maximum magnification offered
by optical zoom. This system is called Digital Zoom.
Zoom In
Slide the Power Zoom Lever towards “T”.
Zoom Out
Slide the Power Zoom Lever towards “W”.
● The further you slide the Power Zoom Lever, the quicker
the zoom action.
● Focusing may become unstable during Zooming. In
this case, set the zoom while in Record–Standby, lock
the focus by using the manual focus ( pg. 28), then
zoom in or out in Record mode.
● The zoom level indicator (5) moves during zoom.
Once the zoom level indicator reaches the top of the
zoom indicator bar, all magnification from that point is
through digital processing.
● When using Digital Zoom, the quality of image may
suffer. To deactivate Digital Zoom, set “D.ZOOM” to
“OFF” in SYSTEM MENU ( pg. 23).
● Digital zoom cannot be used when the “VIDEO
ECHO” mode ( pg. 21) is activated (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only).
Picture Stabiliser: To compensate for unstable
images caused by camera-shake, particularly at high
magnification.
1) Press P. STABILIZER. “ ” appears.
2) To switch off the Picture Stabiliser, press
P. STABILIZER. The indicator disappears.
● Accurate stabilisation may not be possible if hand shake
is excessive, or under the following conditions:
• When shooting subjects with vertical or horizontal
stripes.
• When shooting dark or dim subjects.
• When shooting subjects with excessive backlighting.
• When shooting scenes with movement in various
directions.
• When shooting scenes with low-contrast
backgrounds.
● Switch off the Picture Stabiliser when recording with
the camcorder on a tripod.
● The “
” indicator appears blinking if the Stabiliser
cannot be used.
● This function cannot be activated during the
“Night-Scope” ( pg. 18), “CLASSIC FILM”,
“STROBE” and “VIDEO ECHO” mode ( pg. 21)
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA
only).
EN
17
5Sec. Rec (5-sec. Recording)
Video Light
(GR-FXM170A/FXM17A/FX120A/FX12A
only): To record a scene for 5 seconds, providing
quick scene transitions like those seen in TV
programmes.
1) Make sure the recording mode is set to “SP”.
2) During Record–Standby, press 5SEC. REC.
5S” appears and 5Sec. Rec is reserved.
“
3) Press the Recording Start/Stop Button. Recording
starts, and after 5-second recording is finished, the
camcorder reenters the Record–Standby mode
automatically.
4) To cancel the 5Sec. Rec. function, press 5SEC.
REC again so that “
5S” disappears.
● Fade/Wipe ( pg. 19) cannot be activated by
pressing 5SEC. REC.
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only): To brighten the
scene when natural lighting is too dim.
1) Set LIGHT OFF/AUTO/ON as required:
OFF : Turns off the light.
AUTO : Automatically turns on the light when the
camcorder senses insufficient lighting on
the subject.
ON
: Always keeps the light on as long as the
camcorder is turned on.
● The video light can only be used with the
camcorder’s power on.
● It is recommended to set the white balance
( pg. 29) to
when you use the video light.
● When not using the video light, turn it off to save
battery power.
● Even if the battery indicator (
) does not blink
if the battery pack’s charge is low, the camcorder
may turn off automatically when you turn on the
video light, or when you start recording with the
video light turned on.
● When LIGHT OFF/AUTO/ON is set to “AUTO”:
• Depending on the lighting conditions, the video
light may keep turning on and off. In this case,
manually switch the light on or off using LIGHT
OFF/AUTO/ON.
• While the “Sports” or “High Speed Shutter”
mode ( pg. 20) is engaged, the light is likely
to stay on.
• While the “Twilight” mode ( pg. 20) is
engaged, the light will not activate.
Quick Review: To check the end of the last
recording.
1) Make sure the camcorder is in the Record–Standby
mode.
2) Press 2 and release quickly.
Tape is rewound for approx. 1 second and played
back automatically, then pauses in Record–
Standby mode for the next shot.
● Distortion may occur at the start of playback. This
is normal.
Retake: To re-record certain segments.
1) Make sure the camcorder is in the Record–Standby
mode.
2) Press and hold either RETAKE to reach the start
point for new recording. Pressing 3 forwards the
tape and pressing 2 reverses it.
3) Press the Recording Start/Stop Button to start
recording.
● Noise bars appear and pictures may become
monochrome or darken during Retake. This is
normal.
DANGER
The video light can become extremely hot. Do
not touch it either while in operation or soon
after turning it off, otherwise serious injury may
result.
Do not place the camcorder into the carrying
case immediately after using the video light,
since it remains extremely hot for some time.
When operating, keep a distance of about
30 cm between the video light and people or
objects.
Do not use near flammable or explosive
materials.
It is recommended that you consult your
nearest JVC dealer for replacing the video
light.
18
RECORDING Advanced Features
EN
SNAPSHOT Button (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
Snapshot
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
Use your camcorder like a regular camera and take a
snapshot, or several of them in succession.
1
2
Power Switch
NOTES:
● After SNAPSHOT is pressed, there is a
momentary camera shutter-type blackout
together with the sound effect of a shutter
closing, which is recorded together with the
image.
● Snapshot is available during playback as
well. However, the shutter sound is not
heard.
NIGHT-SCOPE Button (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
Set the Power Switch to “
” or “
”.
Press SNAPSHOT.
If you press during Record-Standby . . .
.... a still image will be recorded for approx.
6 seconds, then the camcorder re-enters the
Record-Standby mode.
If you press during Recording . . .
.... a still image will be recorded for approx.
6 seconds, then the normal recording resumes.
Night-Scope
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
Makes dark subjects or areas even brighter than they
would be under good natural lighting. Although the
recorded image is not grainy, it may look as if it is strobing
due to the slow shutter speed.
1
2
3
Set the Power Switch to “
” or “
”.
Press NIGHT-SCOPE repeatedly until the desired
mode’s name and indication appear.
They are displayed for approx. 2 seconds, then the
name disappears so that only the indication remains.
The mode is activated.
To cancel the effect, press NIGHT-SCOPE repeatedly
until “OFF” appears. “OFF” is displayed for approx.
2 seconds.
A
NIGHT AUTO
The shutter speed is automatically adjusted
(maximum 1/5 sec.).
Power Switch
NOTES:
● During Night-Scope, the following functions
or settings cannot be activated:
• “Picture Stabiliser” ( pg. 16), “Program
AE With Special Effects” ( pg. 20) and
“Digital Effects” ( pg. 21).
• “GAIN” or “S.LX” in CAMERA MENU
( pg. 23).
● Night-Scope does not work when LIGHT
OFF/AUTO/ON is set to “AUTO” or “ON”
( pg. 17).
● During Night-Scope, it may be difficult to
bring the camcorder into focus. To prevent
this, use of a tripod is recommended.
1
NIGHT 10X*
The shutter speed is set to 1/5th of a second to provide 10
times the sensitivity.
2
NIGHT 50X*
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A only)
The shutter speed is set to 1 second to provide 50 times
the sensitivity.
2
NIGHT 25X*
(GR-SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
The shutter speed is set to half of a second to provide
25 times the sensitivity.
*Appears when the Power Switch is set to “
”.
EN
FADE/WIPE Button
19
Fade/Wipe Effects
These effects let you make pro-style scene transitions.
Fade- or wipe-in works at recording start, and fade- or
wipe-out works at recording end.
1
2
Power Switch
Recording Start/Stop Button
3
4
Set the Power Switch to “
”.
Press FADE/WIPE repeatedly until the desired mode’s
name and indication appear.
They are displayed for approx. 2 seconds, then the
name disappears so that only the indication remains.
The effect is reserved.
3
Press the Recording Start/Stop Button to activate fadein/out or wipe-in/out.
To cancel a fade or wipe, press FADE/WIPE
repeatedly until “OFF” appears.
“OFF” is displayed for approx. 2 seconds and the
fade/wipe standby mode is cancelled.
FADER
Fades in/out to a black screen.
MOSAIC (Fader)
Gradually turns/returns the picture into/from a mosaic
pattern.
SHUTTER (Wipe)
A black screen moves in from the top and bottom, closing
over the image like a shutter, or a new image pushes open
the black screen vertically from the centre.
SLIDE (Wipe)
A black screen moves in from the left to gradually cover
the image, or a new image moves in from right to left.
DOOR (Wipe)
Wipes in as the two halves of a black screen open to the
left and right, revealing the scene, or wipes out and the
black screen reappears from left and right to cover the
scene.
CORNER (Wipe)
NOTE:
Pressing and holding the Recording Start/Stop
Button allows you to vary the length for the
image during fade in/out or wipe in/out.
Wipes in on a black screen from the upper right to the
lower left corner, revealing the scene, or wipes out from
lower left to upper right, leaving a black screen.
WINDOW (Wipe)
Wipes in on a black screen from the centre of the screen
towards the corners, revealing the scene, or wipe out from
the corners to the centre, leaving a black screen.
20
RECORDING Advanced Features (cont.)
EN
P.AE Button
Program AE With Special Effects
1
2
Set the Power Switch to “
3
To cancel the effect, press P.AE repeatedly until “OFF”
appears. “OFF” is displayed for approx. 2 seconds.
”.
Press P.AE repeatedly until the desired mode’s name
and indication appear.
They are displayed for approx. 2 seconds, then the
name disappears so that only the indication remains.
The mode is activated.
Power Switch
SPORTS
High shutter speed clearly captures fast-moving action.
ND : ND EFFECT
A black mist darkens the picture, as when an ND filter is
used. Helps to counter the effects of glare on the subject.
FG : FOG
NOTES:
● Only one mode can be engaged at a time.
● The screen becomes slightly dark in the High
Speed Shutter mode. Use in well-lit situations.
● In the “High Speed Shutter” or “Sports”
modes, picture colour may be adversely
affected if the subject is lit by alternating
discharge-type light sources such as
flourescent or mercury-vapour lights.
● This function cannot be activated during
Night-Scope ( pg. 18) (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only).
● The “FOG” mode cannot be used when the
“VIDEO ECHO” mode ( pg. 21) is
activated (GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only).
Makes the picture look misty white, as when an external
fog filter is attached to the lens. Softens the image and
gives it a “fantasy” look.
TWILIGHT
Dusk, twilight scenery, fireworks, etc., look more natural
and dramatic. The following happens when Twilight
mode is selected:
•Auto gain control is turned off.
•White Balance is set to “
:FINE” (day mode), but can
also be manually changed to another mode ( pg. 29).
•Auto Focus becomes available only in the range of
10 m to infinity. To focus when the subject-to-camera
distance is less than 10 m, use manual focusing
( pg. 28).
S1/2000
(1/2000 sec. High Speed Shutter)
Captures faster action than Sports mode.
EN
DIGIFECT Button
21
Digital Effects
1
2
Set the Power Switch to “
3
To cancel the effect, press DIGIFECT repeatedly until
“OFF” appears. “OFF” is displayed for approx.
2 seconds.
”.
Press DIGIFECT repeatedly until the desired mode’s
name and indication appear.
They are displayed for approx. 2 seconds, then the
name disappears so that only the indication remains.
The mode is activated.
Power Switch
SEPIA
Recorded scenes have a brownish tint like old photos.
Combine this with the WIDE mode ( pg. 22, 23) for a
classic look.
MONOTONE
Like black and white films, your footage is shot in B/W.
Combine this with the WIDE mode ( pg. 22, 23) for a
classic look.
NEGA POSI
NOTES:
● Digital Effects can be changed during
recording or during Record-Standby.
● Digital zoom ( pg. 16) cannot be used
when the “VIDEO ECHO” mode is activated
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only).
● This function cannot be activated during
Night-Scope ( pg. 18) (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only).
● Picture Stabiliser ( pg. 16) cannot be
activated during the “CLASSIC FILM”,
“STROBE” and “VIDEO ECHO” mode
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only).
The colours of a picture are reversed.
MOSAIC
Turns recorded scenes into a mosaic pattern.
STRETCH
Doubles the width of the picture horizontally.
CLASSIC FILM*
Makes your footage look like a classic movie by
shooting in black and white, with a strobing effect, and
black bars added at the top and bottom.
STROBE*
Your recording looks like a series of consecutive
snapshots.
VIDEO ECHO*
Adds a “ghost” to the subject, giving your recording a
“fantasy” feeling. Zoom magnification of over 10X is not
available.
*GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only.
22
RECORDING Advanced Features (cont.)
EN
Using Menus For Detailed Adjustment
This camcorder is equipped with an easy-to-use,
on-screen menu system that simplifies many of the more
detailed camcorder settings.
MENU Wheel
Power Switch
Display
CAME RA ME NU
T O S Y S T EM ME NU
F OCU S
AU T O
E X POS UR E
AU T O
1
2
3
Set the Power Switch to “
4
Press MENU to display the Setting Menu and rotate it
to select the desired setting.
If you select “JLIP ID NO.” . . .
.... Press MENU. The number blinks. Rotate MENU
until the desired number appears, and press it.
Then rotate MENU to “EXIT”.
5
6
Press MENU. The Menu Screen reappears with the
highlight bar on “ RETURN”.
Menu Screen
S Y S T EM ME NU
NE X T
R E C MOD E
SP
50x
D . Z OOM
W I DE
OF F
ON
S – VHS
T A P E L E NG T H T 3 0
D I S P L AY
FUL L
R E T URN
REC MODE
SP
LP
EX I T
S Y S T EM ME NU
NE X T
LP
R E C MOD E
D . Z OOM
50x
W I DE
OF F
S – VHS
ON
T A P E L E NG T H T 3 0
D I S P L AY
FUL L
R E T URN
Normal Screen
Setting Menu
(ex. REC MODE)
”.
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select the desired function.
•To go from CAMERA MENU to SYSTEM MENU,
rotate MENU to select “ TO SYSTEM MENU” and
press it. SYSTEM MENU is composed of 2 pages. To
go to the next page, rotate MENU to select
“ NEXT” and press it.
•To return to CAMERA MENU from page 2 of
SYSTEM MENU, rotate MENU to select “ TO
CAMERA MENU” and press it.
Press MENU. The normal screen reappears.
EN
23
MENU SCREEN EXPLANATIONS
CAMERA MENU
FOCUS
EXPOSURE
Refer to “Focusing” ( pg. 28).
Refer to “Exposure Control” ( pg. 27).
M.W.B.
Refer to “White Balance Adjustment” and “Manual White Balance Operation”
( pg. 29).
GAIN
(GR-SXM27EA/
SX22EA only)
NORMAL
To record a subject in a dimly lit environment, when it is more
convenient to shoot with a less coarse picture although the
subject becomes slightly dark.
OFF
Allows you to shoot dark scenes with no picture brightness
adjustment.
MAX
To record a subject in a darkly lit environment, when it is more
convenient to shoot the subject with a brighter image even if the
picture becomes slightly coarse.
NORMAL
To record a subject in a dimly lit environment, when it is more
convenient to shoot with a less coarse picture although the
subject becomes slightly dark.
OFF
Allows you to shoot dark scenes with no picture brightness
adjustment.
S.LX
(GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/
FXM170A/
FXM17A/
FX220A/
FX120A/
FX12A only)
TITLE
Allows you to superimpose one of eight preset titles ( pg. 25).
DATE/TIME
DISP.
Makes the date/time settings appear in the camcorder or on a connected monitor
( pg. 25).
SYSTEM MENU
This Menu Screen cannot be accessed while recording.
REC MODE
Allows you to set the recording mode (SP or LP) depending on your preference
( pg. 12).
D. ZOOM
50X
Allows you to use the Digital Zoom. By digitally processing and
magnifying images, zooming is possible from 16X (the optical
zoom limit), to a maximum of 50X digital magnification.
400X*/600X**
Allows you to use the Digital Zoom. By digitally processing and
magnifying images, zooming is possible from 16X (the optical
zoom limit), to a maximum of 400X*/600X** digital magnification.
OFF
Digital Zoom is not available. Only optical zoom (maximum
16x magnification) can function. When set to “OFF” during
Digital Zoom, zoom magnification changes to 16X.
OFF
Does not display black bars.
ON
Allows you to record black bars at the top and bottom of the screen
to produce a cinema-like “wide-screen” effect. If a snapshot
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only,
pg. 18) is taken while the camcorder is in the WIDE mode,
the snapshot image is recorded without the black bars at the top
and bottom of the screen.
WIDE
* GR-SXM27EA/SX22EA only.
** GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FXM170A/FXM17A/FX220A/FX120A/FX12A only.
: Factory-preset
CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE
24
EN
SYSTEM MENU (cont.)
RECORDING Advanced Features (cont.)
S-VHS*
(S-VHS ET*)
(GR-SXM470A/
SXM27EA/
SX22EA only)
ON
Records in S-VHS on a VHS or S-VHS cassette ( pg. 10).
OFF
Records in VHS on a VHS or S-VHS cassette ( pg. 10).
TAPE LENGTH
Allows you to set the tape length depending on the tape used ( pg. 12).
DISPLAY
FULL
Make all of the indications appear on the LCD monitor**/
viewfinder during playback or recording.
SIMPLE
Make the following indications disappear from the LCD
monitor**/viewfinder during recording or playback: cassette
warning, tape remaining time, battery pack remaining power
indicator and tape length indicator ( pg. 50, 51)
REC TIME
Refer to “Animation” and “Time-Lapse” ( pg. 26).
INT. TIME
Refer to “Time-Lapse” ( pg. 26).
TELE MACRO
OFF
ON
TITLE LANG.
Usually the distance to a subject where the lens is in focus
depends on the zoom magnification. Unless there is a distance of
more than 1 m to the subject, the lens is out of focus at the
maximum telephoto setting. When set to “ON”, you can shoot a
subject as large as possible at a distance of approx. 60 cm.
•Depending on the zoom position, the lens may go out of focus.
Allows you to select the language (ENGLISH, CHINESE, ARABIC or RUSSIAN) of
Instant Titles ( pg. 25).
DATE/TIME
Allows you to set the current date and time ( pg. 9).
JLIP ID NO.
This number is necessary when connecting the camcorder to a device such as a computer
using the J terminal (JLIP). The numbers range from 01 to 99. Factory setting is 06.
DEMO MODE
ON
Demonstrates certain functions automatically. When “DEMO
MODE” is set to “ON” and the Menu Screen is closed, the
demonstration starts.
Operating the Power Zoom Lever during the demonstration
stops the demonstration temporarily. If the Power Zoom Lever is
not moved for more than 1 minute after that, the demonstration
will resume.
NOTE:
When a tape whose Erase Protection tab is in the position that
allows recording is loaded in the camcorder, demonstration is
not available.
OFF
Automatic demonstration will not take place.
* S-VHS ET is displayed when a VHS cassette is loaded, and S-VHS is displayed when an S-VHS cassette is
loaded ( pg. 10). If a cassette is not loaded, “S-VHS” will be displayed in the Menu Screen.
S-VHS ET is preset to “OFF”.
** Models equipped with LCD monitor only.
: Factory-preset
EN
Date/Time Insert
Allows you to display the date and time in the
camcorder or on a connected colour monitor,
as well as to record them manually or
automatically.
You should have already performed the Date/
Time Setting procedure ( pg. 9).
MENU Wheel
Power Switch
25. 12. 01
AUTO DATE
25. 12. 01
(DATE)
22 : 25 : 00
(TIME)
1
2
3
4
5
Set the Power Switch to “
25
”.
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “DATE/TIME DISP.” and press
it. The DATE/TIME DISP. Menu appears.
Rotate MENU to select the desired mode, then press
it. The desired mode is activated.
The Menu Screen reappears with the highlight bar on
“ RETURN”. Press MENU to close the Menu Screen.
NOTES:
DISPLAY
● The selected display can be recorded.
● If you do not want to record the display, select the OFF
mode before shooting.
AUTO DATE
● Your camcorder automatically records the date for about
5 seconds after recording is initiated in the following
situations:
• After changing the date.
• After loading a cassette.
• After Auto Date Record mode is selected by rotating
MENU.
● In this mode, the date is replaced after 5 seconds with
“AUTO DATE” but this is not recorded.
22 : 25 : 00
25. 12. 01
(DATE/TIME)
No indication
(OFF)
Instant Titles
The camcorder has eight preset titles in
memory. You can superimpose one of them
over the video image.
Instant Titles can be displayed not only in
English but also in Chinese, Arabic and Russian.
Change the setting in TITLE LANG. in SYSTEM
MENU ( pg. 24).
T I TLE
OF F
HA P P Y B I R T HDA Y
HA P P Y HO L I DA Y S
OUR F AM I L Y
MOV I E S T AR
P AR T Y T I ME
ME RR Y CHR I S TMA S
WE DD I NG DA Y
CONGRA T U L A T I ON S
EX I T
1
2
3
4
5
Set the Power Switch to “
”.
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “TITLE” and press it. The
TITLE Menu appears.
Rotate MENU to select the desired mode, then press
it. The desired mode is activated.
The Menu Screen reappears with the highlight bar on
“ RETURN”. Press MENU to close the Menu Screen.
NOTE:
The selected title will remain until OFF is selected in the
TITLE Menu.
26
RECORDING Advanced Features (cont.)
EN
NOTE:
Before performing the following steps, make
sure that:
● The Power Switch is set to “ ”.
● The camcorder is in the Record-Standby
mode.
● The recording mode is set to “SP”.
MENU Wheel
Recording Start/Stop Button
Display
REC T I ME
REC TIME Menu
OF F
1/4 S
1/2 S
1 S
5 S
Animation
You can shoot a series of pictures, each slightly different,
of the same object for a brief period of time.
1
2
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “ TO SYSTEM MENU” and
press it to display SYSTEM MENU. Rotate MENU to
select “ NEXT” and press it to display the next page.
Then, rotate MENU to select “REC TIME” and press it.
The REC TIME Menu appears. Rotate MENU to select
the desired recording time, then press it.
3
The Menu Screen reappears with the highlight bar on
” RETURN”. Press MENU again to close the Menu
Screen.
4
Press the Recording Start/Stop Button after focusing
on the subject. The recording stops automatically
after the selected period of time.
•Repeat step 4 for the desired number of pictures.
5
To release the Animation mode, set “REC TIME” in
the Menu screen to “OFF”.
Time-Lapse
I NT .
T I ME
INT. TIME Menu
OF F
15 S
30 S
1 MI N
5 MI N
You can record sequentially at preset time spans. Leaving
the camcorder aimed at a specific subject, you can record
subtle changes over an extended period of time.
1
2
Interval time
indicator
15S
1S
Recording time
indicator
3
4
Set “REC TIME” ( step 1 and 2 of “Animation”
above).
Rotate MENU to select “INT. TIME” and press it. The
INT. TIME Menu appears. Rotate MENU to select the
desired interval time, then press it. The Menu Screen
reappears with the highlight bar on “ RETURN”.
Press MENU again to close the Menu Screen.
Press the Recording Start/Stop Button. Recording and
intervals alternate automatically.
To release the Time-Lapse mode, when “
” is not
displayed, press the Recording Start/Stop Button to
display “
”, then set “REC TIME” and
“INT. TIME” in the Menu Screen to “OFF”.
NOTES (for Animation and Time-Lapse):
● For best results, make sure the camcorder is secured when shooting in Animation or Time-Lapse mode.
● Fade- or wipe-in/out cannot be performed during Animation or Time-Lapse shooting.
● Before performing other operations following Animation or Time-Lapse recording, make sure the Animation
or Time-Lapse mode is deactivated.
● Animation and Time-Lapse are canceled when the power is shut off or when the cassette is ejected.
EN
27
Exposure Control
MENU Wheel
Power Switch
Manual Exposure
Screen
00
Exposure
control
level counter
To brighten the image
–06
–06
This feature automatically adjusts the iris for the best
available picture quality, but you can override it and make
the adjustment manually. Manual exposure adjustment is
recommended in the following situations:
• When shooting using reverse lighting or when the
background is too bright.
• When shooting on a reflective natural background such
as at the beach or when skiing.
• When the background is overly dark or the subject light.
1
2
3
4
”.
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “EXPOSURE” and press it. The
EXPOSURE Menu appears.
Rotate MENU to select “MANU”, then press it. The
Menu Screen disappears and “00” (exposure control
level counter) appears.
5
To brighten the image, rotate MENU downward. The
exposure control level counter increases (maximum
+06).
To darken the image, rotate MENU upward. The
exposure control level counter decreases (maximum
–06).
6
Press MENU. The setting is complete. The Menu
Screen reappears with the highlight bar on
“ RETURN”.
7
Press MENU. The Menu Screen disappears and the
exposure control level counter reappears to indicate
the exposure is adjusted.
+06
To darken the image
Set the Power Switch to “
NOTES:
● To return to the factory setting, select “AUTO” in step 4.
● To re-adjust exposure, repeat the procedure from step 2.
28
RECORDING Advanced Features (cont.)
EN
Focusing
Focus detection zone
AUTO FOCUS
NOTES:
● If the lens is smeared or blurred, accurate
focusing is not possible. Keep the lens clean,
wiping with a piece of soft cloth if it gets
dirty. When condensation occurs, wipe with
a soft cloth or wait for it to dry naturally.
● When shooting a subject close to the lens,
zoom out first ( pg. 16). If zoomed in in
the auto focus mode, the camcorder could
automatically zoom out depending on the
distance between the camcorder and the
subject. This does not occur with “TELE
MACRO” ( pg. 24).
MENU Wheel
Power Switch
The camcorder’s Full Range AF system offers continuous
shooting ability from close-up to infinity. However, correct
focus may not be obtainable in the situations listed below
(in these cases use manual focusing):
•When two subjects overlap in the same scene.
•When illumination is low.*
•When the subject has no contrast (difference in brightness and darkness), such as a flat, one-colour wall, or a
clear, blue sky.*
•When a dark object is barely visible in the viewfinder.*
•When the scene contains minute patterns or identical
patterns that are regularly repeated.
•When the scene is affected by sunbeams or light
reflecting off the surface of a body of water.
•When shooting a scene with a high-contrast background.
” appears.
* The low-contrast warning “
MANUAL FOCUS
Make the necessary viewfinder adjustments to use the
viewfinder ( pg. 8).
1
2
3
4
Set the Power Switch to “
”.
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “FOCUS” and press it. The
FOCUS Menu appears.
Rotate MENU to select “MANU”, then press it. The
Menu Screen disappears and “ ” and “ ” appear.
The focus is locked at this point.
5
To focus on a farther subject, rotate MENU upward.
“ ” appears and blinks.
To focus on a nearer subject, rotate MENU
downward. “ ” appears and blinks.
6
Press MENU. The setting is complete. The Menu
Screen reappears with the highlight bar on
“ RETURN”.
7
Press MENU. The Menu Screen disappears and
“
” reappears to indicate the focus is locked.
NOTES:
● To return to Auto Focus, select “AUTO” in step 4.
● To re-adjust Manual Focus, repeat the procedure from step 2.
● Be sure to focus the lens in the maximum telephoto position when you use the Manual Focus mode. If you
focus in on a certain subject in the wide-angle position, sharply focused images cannot be obtained when
zoomed in because the depth-of-field is reduced at longer focal lengths.
● When the focus level cannot be adjusted any farther or closer, “ ” or “ ” will blink.
EN
29
White Balance Adjustment
Manual White Balance Operation
A term that refers to the correctness of colour
reproduction under various lighting. If the white
balance is correct, all other colors will be accurately
reproduced.
The white balance is usually adjusted automatically.
However, more advanced camcorder operators
control this function manually to achieve a more
professional colour/tint reproduction.
Perform Manual White Balance when shooting under
various types of lighting.
1
2
3
4
5
Set the Power Switch to “
”.
Press MENU. The Menu Screen appears.
Rotate MENU to select “M.W.B.”, then press it.
The M.W.B. Menu appears.
Rotate MENU to select the desired setting.
“AUTO”
White balance is adjusted automatically (factory
preset).
“
: FINE”
Outdoors on a sunny day.
“
: CLOUD”
Outdoors on a cloudy day.
“
: HALOGEN”
A video light or similar type of lighting is used.
“MWB”
White balance is set manually.
Press MENU. The Menu Screen reappears with
the highlight bar on “ RETURN”. Press MENU
again to close the Menu Screen.
To Return To Automatic White Balance . . .
.... select “AUTO” in step 4. Or set the Power
Switch to “ ”.
NOTE:
White balance cannot be used when the “SEPIA” or
“MONOTONE” mode ( pg. 21) is activated.
1
2
Follow steps 1 through 4 of the white balance
adjustment, and select “MWB”.
3
Press MENU until “MWB” begins blinking.
When the setting is completed, “MWB” stops
blinking, and the Menu Screen reappears with
the highlight bar on “ RETURN”.
4
Press MENU again to close the Menu Screen.
Hold a sheet of plain white paper in front of the
subject. Adjust zoom or position yourself so that
the white paper fills the screen.
MENU Wheel
White paper
Power Switch
To Change The Tint For Recording . . .
.... in step 2, substitute coloured paper for white.
The white balance is adjusted based on the
colour, changing the tint. Red paper = deeper
green; blue paper = orange; yellow paper =
deeper purple.
NOTES:
● In step 2, it may be difficult to focus on the white
paper. In such a case, adjust focus manually
( pg. 28).
● A subject can be shot under various types of
lighting conditions indoors (natural, flourescent,
candlelight, etc.). Because the colour temperature
is different depending on the light source, the
subject tint will differ depending on the white
balance settings. Use this function for a more
natural result.
● Once you adjust white balance manually, the
setting is retained even if the power is turned off or
the battery removed.
30
PLAYBACK Basic Playback
EN
Stop (5) Button
Rewind (2) Button
Play/Pause (4/6) Button
Fast-Forward (3) Button
BRIGHT* Wheel
Power Zoom
Lever (VOL.*)
Speaker*
Set to “
”.
* Models equipped with LCD monitor only.
1
2
Load a tape ( pg. 13).
Set the Power Switch to “
”.
To start playback, press 4/6.
•To stop playback, press 5.
•Press 2 to rewind, or 3 to fast-forward the tape
during Stop mode.
NOTES:
● The camcorder shuts off automatically after about
5 minutes in Stop mode. To turn on again, set the Power
Switch to “OFF”, then to “
”.
● When the Power Switch is set to “
” and the LCD
monitor is opened at an angle of 60 degrees or more, the
LCD monitor switches on and the viewfinder switches
off automatically to save power (models equipped with
LCD monitor only).
● The playback picture can be viewed in the viewfinder
(with the LCD monitor* shut), on the LCD monitor* or
on a connected TV ( pg. 32, 33).
*Models equipped with LCD monitor only.
● You can also view the playback picture on the LCD
monitor with it flipped over and retracted (models
equipped with LCD monitor only).
● If a blank portion on the tape is played back, the screen
may become black. This is not a malfunction.
LCD Monitor Brightness Adjustment (models equipped with LCD monitor only):
Rotate BRIGHT towards “+” to brighten, or towards “–” to darken.
● The Bright Level Indicator is displayed under the Date/Time Display when you play back images recorded in
Wide Mode ( pg. 23).
Speaker Volume Control (models equipped with LCD monitor only): Slide the Power
Zoom Lever (VOL.) towards “+” to turn up the volume, or towards “–” to turn down the volume.
● The Speaker Volume Indicator is displayed under the Date/Time Display when you play back images
recorded in Wide Mode ( pg. 23).
Still Playback: Pauses during playback.
1) Press 4/6 during playback.
2) To resume normal playback, press 4/6 again.
● Noise bars will appear and the picture will become monochrome during Still Playback.
● If TBC ( pg. 31) is engaged, noise bars will not appear. This mode is called Fine Still (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only).
Shuttle Search: Allows high-speed search in either direction.
1) Press 3 for forward or 2 for reverse search during playback.
2) To resume normal playback, press 4/6.
● During playback, press and hold 2 or 3. The search continues as long as you hold the button. Once you
release it, normal playback resumes.
● Noise bars appear and pictures may become monochrome or darken during Shuttle Search. This is normal.
PLAYBACK Features
Stop (5) Button
Rewind (2) Button
Play/Pause (4/6) Button
Fast-Forward (3) Button
TRACKING
Wheel
TBC Button
”.
31
Tracking: Eliminates noise bars that appear on-screen
COUNTER R/M Button
Set to “
EN
during playback. Factory-preset is Auto Tracking.
To activate Manual Tracking:
1) Press TRACKING for approx. 2 seconds. “MT” appears.
2) Rotate TRACKING so that the noise bars disappear.
● To return to Auto Tracking, press TRACKING for approx.
2 seconds or set the Power Switch to “OFF” and then
”
” again. “AT” blinks. When Auto Tracking finishes,
the indication disappears.
● When noise bars appear during playback, the
camcorder enters the Auto Tracking mode and “AT” is
displayed.
● Manual Tracking may not work with tapes recorded on
other VCRs or camcorders.
TBC (Time Base Corrector): Removes jitter from
fluctuating video signals to deliver a stable picture even
with old tapes. Factory-preset: TBC is engaged.
To activate/release the TBC mode, press TBC during
playback for more than 1 second. When the TBC mode is
activated, “TBC” is displayed.
Counter Memory Function: Makes it easier to
locate a specific tape segment.
1) Press COUNTER R/M and hold for more than 1 second.
The counter resets to “0:00:00”.
2) Press COUNTER R/M for less than 1 second.
“M” appears.
3) After recording or playback, press 5, then 2. The tape
automatically stops at or close to 0:00:00.
4) Press 4/6 to start playback.
● The counter memory functions in the Fast-Forward and
Rewind modes.
● To disable the Counter Memory Function, press
COUNTER R/M for less than 1 second so that “M”
disappears.
Playback Special Effects (CLASSIC FILM,
MONOTONE, SEPIA, STROBE and VIDEO
ECHO, pg. 21) (GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/
FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only): Allows you to
add creative effects to the playback image.
1) Activate the TBC mode and Auto Tracking.
2) Press DIGIFECT repeatedly until the desired mode’s
name and indication appear. They are displayed for
approx. 2 seconds, then the name disappears so that
only the indication remains. The mode is activated.
3) To cancel the effect, select “OFF” in step 2.
● Playback Special Effects do not work during shuttle
search.
● The selected effect mode cannot be changed during still
playback.
For other notes,
pg. 45
32
PLAYBACK Connections And Tape Dubbing
EN
These are some basic types of connections. When making the connections, refer also to your VCR and TV
instruction manuals.
A. Connection to a TV or VCR equipped with an S-VIDEO IN and A/V input connectors
(GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
Use the provided A/V cable and S-Video cable.
To TV or VCR
TV
To S-Video Input
White to
Audio Input
S-Video cable
(provided)
A/V cable
(provided)
To S-Video
Output
White to
Audio Output
VCR
Yellow: not
connected
Yellow: not
connected
Connector cover*
* When connecting the cables, open this cover.
B. Connection to a TV or VCR equipped only with A/V input connectors
Use the provided A/V cable.
TV
To TV or VCR
White to Audio
Input
A/V cable
(provided)
White to
Audio Output
VCR
Yellow to Video
Input
Yellow to
Video Output
Connector cover*
* When connecting the cables, open this cover.
EN
Basic Connections
Tape Dubbing
1
2
Make sure all units are turned off.
1
2
3
4
5
Connect the VCR output to the TV input,
referring to your VCR’s instruction manual.
Connect the camcorder to a TV or VCR as
shown in the illustration ( pg. 32).
If using a VCR . . . go to step 3.
If not . . . go to step 4.
Turn on the camcorder, the VCR and the TV.
Set the VCR to its AUX input mode, and set the
TV to its VIDEO mode.
NOTES:
● It is recommended to use the AC Adapter as the
power supply instead of the battery pack
( pg. 7).
● If your VCR has an S-Video input connector,
connect the camcorder and the VCR using the
provided S-Video cable. This can improve the
dubbed picture quality (GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only).
● To monitor the picture and sound from the
camcorder without inserting a tape, set the
camcorder’s Power Switch to “ ” or “ ”, then
set your TV to the appropriate input mode.
● Make sure you adjust the TV sound volume to its
minimum level to avoid a sudden burst of sound
when the camcorder is turned on.
● If you have a TV or speakers that are not specially
shielded, do not place the speakers adjacent to the
TV as interference will occur in the camcorder
playback picture.
33
Following the illustration on pg. 32, connect the
camcorder and the VCR.
Set the camcorder’s Power Switch to “
”,
turn on the VCR’s power, and insert the
appropriate cassettes in the camcorder and the
VCR.
3
4
Engage the VCR’s AUX and Record-Pause
modes.
5
6
7
Press 4/6 on the camcorder and engage the
VCR’s Record mode.
Engage the camcorder’s Play mode to find a
spot just before the edit-in point. Once it is
reached, press 4/6 on the camcorder.
Engage the VCR’s Record-Pause mode and press
4/6 on the camcorder.
Repeat steps 4 through 6 for additional editing,
then stop the VCR and camcorder when
finished.
34
PLAYBACK Using The Cassette Adapter
EN
Cassette Adapter
(provided with GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FXM170A/FX220A/
FX120A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only)
Use this to play back an S-VHS-C/VHS-C video cassette
recorded with this camcorder on a VHS VCR. It is fully
compatible with any S-VHS/VHS video cassette recorder.
The C-P7U adapter is battery powered and automatically
performs tape loading and unloading.
VCR
1
Slide the battery cover up to remove it, install one
“AA (R6)” size battery as shown, then reattach the
cover.
2
Slide the latch to open the adapter compartment
door, then insert the cassette and close the compartment door.
3
4
Load the cassette adapter into the VCR and play the
tape back as you would any other.
Compartment door
Sliding latch
Compact video cassette
Reels
Recording safety hole
Slide the latch and the compartment door opens
automatically. This may take around 10 seconds. Do
not attempt to force the adapter open. Then, insert
your finger in the hole on the underside of the
adapter as shown in the illustration at left, and push
up and remove the cassette.
NOTES:
● During tape loading and unloading, do not touch the
reels for safety and tape protection.
● Tapes recorded in S-VHS or S-VHS ET mode cannot be
played back on a regular VHS VCR. Playback is possible
with a VCR equipped with the S-VHS function
(GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/SX22EA only).
● During special-effect playback (slow motion, still frame,
etc.), the picture may vibrate or noise bars may appear
on the screen.
● To record on a VCR using a compact cassette and the
adapter, cover the adapter’s recording safety hole with
adhesive tape.
USING THE REMOTE CONTROL UNIT (GR-SXM470A only)
EN
35
The Full-Function Remote Control Unit can operate this camcorder from a distance as well as the basic
operations (Playback, Stop, Pause, Fast-Forward and Rewind) of your VCR.
1
0
2
4
6
8
!
3
5
@
$
^
*
7
9
#
%
&
(
)
Functions
Buttons
With the camcorder’s Power
Switch set to “ ” or “ ”.
1 Infrared beam transmitting window
Transmits the beam signal.
2 Zoom (T/W) Buttons
Zoom in/out ( pg. 16)
3 DISPLAY Button*
With the camcorder’s Power
”.
Switch set to “
Zoom in/out ( pg. 37)
—
4 SHIFT Button
—
pg. 37, 40
5 SLOW Rewind/Forward Buttons*
—
—
pg. 37
Left/Right Buttons
6 REW Button
—
—
Rewind, Reverse Shuttle Search
( pg. 30)
7 FADE/WIPE Button*
—
8 EFFECT ON/OFF Button*
—
9 EFFECT Button*
—
0 PAUSE IN Connector
! START/STOP Button
—
@ MBR SET Button
# SNAPSHOT Button
pg. 41
Functions the same as the Recording Start/Stop Button on the camcorder.
—
pg. 40
Functions the same as SNAPSHOT on the camcorder.
$ Up Button
—
% Down Button
—
—
pg. 37
pg. 37
pg. 39
^ PLAY Button
—
Playback start ( pg. 30)
& FF Button
—
Forward, Forward Shuttle Search
( pg. 30)
* STOP Button
—
Stop ( pg. 30)
( PAUSE Button
—
) R.A.EDIT Buttons
—
Pause ( pg. 30)
pg. 42
A. DUB Button
* This function is unavailable with this camcorder.
36
EN
USING THE REMOTE CONTROL UNIT (GR-SXM470A only) (cont.)
Installing The Batteries
1
3
2
–
The remote control uses two “AAA (R03)” size batteries.
See “General Battery Precautions” ( pg. 52).
Tab
1
2
3
Open the battery compartment cover as illustrated.
Insert two “AAA (R03)” size batteries in the correct
direction.
Replace the battery compartment cover.
+
+
–
Remote sensor
Transmitted beam
effective area
When using the remote control, be sure to point it
at the remote sensor. The illustration shows the
approximate transmitted beam effective area for
indoor use.
The transmitted beam may not be effective or may
cause incorrect operation outdoors or when the
remote sensor is directly exposed to sunlight or
powerful lighting.
EN
37
Playback Zoom
Remote sensor
To magnify the recorded image up to 10X at any time
during playback.
NOTES:
● Use the remote control unit to perform this procedure.
● Make sure that the TBC mode is activated ( pg. 31).
1
2
Press PLAY to find the scene of interest.
Press the Zoom Buttons (T/W) on the remote control.
Make sure the remote control is pointed at the
camcorder’s remote sensor. Pressing T zooms in.
SHIFT
Left Button
Down
Button
To move the image on screen around to find a particular
portion of the picture . . .
.... while holding down SHIFT, press
(Left),
(Right),
(Up) and
(Down).
Right Button
PLAY
PAUSE
STOP
To End Zoom . . .
.... press and hold W until magnification returns to
normal. Or, press STOP and then press PLAY.
Zoom Buttons
Normal playback
Up Button
NOTES:
● Zoom can also be used during still playback.
● Due to digital image processing, the quality of the image
may suffer.
● After zooming in on a still video image, when normal
playback is started, the zoomed-in effect is momentarily
cancelled but then resumes, returning magnification to
the previously set level.
Press T
To move image,
press
(Right)
while keeping
SHIFT held down.
38
EN
USING THE REMOTE CONTROL UNIT (GR-SXM470A only) (cont.)
Insert Editing
COUNTER R/M Button
You can record a new scene onto a previously recorded
tape, replacing a section of the original recording with
minimal picture distortion at the in- and out-points. The
original audio remains unchanged.
NOTE:
Use the remote control unit to perform this procedure.
1
2
3
Set the Power Switch to “
4
Press REW (2) to go a little beyond the beginning of
the scene you want to replace, press PLAY (4) to
view the recorded tape, and press PAUSE (6) exactly
at the Edit-In point where the new scene should start.
5
Press and hold INSERT (w), and without releasing
INSERT (w), press and release PAUSE (6). The Insert
Editing indicator appears and the Insert Editing mode
is engaged. When the scene the camcorder is aimed
at appears on the screen, go to the next step.
6
To begin Insert Editing, press START/STOP. When the
counter reaches “0:00:00”, editing stops automatically and the camcorder enters the Insert-Pause
mode.
7
To end Insert Editing, press STOP (5).
Power Switch
Display
w
Insert editing
indicator
M– 0 : 1 2 : 3 4
Tape Counter
Remote sensor
”.
Play back the tape, locate the Edit-Out point and
press PAUSE (6).
Press and hold COUNTER R/M on the camcorder for
more than 1 second to reset the tape counter, then
press it again for less than 1 second so that “M”
appears.
NOTES:
● During Insert Editing, the original audio will be heard
from the speaker.
● After step 5, Retake ( pg. 17) can be performed.
● The tape may stop slightly before or after the designated
end point, and noise bars may appear. Neither indicates
a defect in the unit.
● Only the video signal is recorded in the Insert Editing
mode.
START/STOP
INSERT
REW
PLAY
STOP
A.DUB
FF
PAUSE
EN
Audio Dubbing
Display
e4
M– 0 : 0 5 : 2 0
Audio dubbing
indicator
During Audio
Dubbing
Remote sensor
Microphone
START/STOP
INSERT
REW
PLAY
STOP
39
A.DUB
FF
PAUSE
You can record a new soundtrack on a prerecorded tape.
The existing original sound is erased and replaced by the
sound from the built-in microphone.
Perform steps 1, 2 and 3 of the Insert Editing procedure
( pg. 38) before continuing.
NOTE:
Use the remote control unit to perform the following
procedures.
1
Press REW (2) to go a little beyond the beginning of
the scene onto which you want to dub the new
audio, press PLAY (4) to view the recorded tape, then
press PAUSE (6) at exactly the point where dubbing
should start.
2
Press and hold A. DUB (e), and without releasing
A. DUB (e), press and release PAUSE (6). The Audio
Dub-Standby mode is engaged.
3
To begin Audio Dubbing, press PLAY (4). When the
counter reaches “0:00:00”, Audio Dubbing stops
automatically and the camcorder enters the Audio
Dub-Standby mode.
4
To end Audio Dubbing, press STOP (5).
NOTES:
● Do not press FF (3) or REW (2) during Audio DubStandby, or the edit points will not be accurate.
● If the microphone is too close to the TV, or if the TV’s
volume is too high, whistling or howling may occur.
NOTES
(for Insert Editing and Audio Dubbing):
● Insert Editing and Audio Dubbing may not work
correctly if the tape contains blank segments, or if the
recording speed was changed during the original
recording.
● To edit/dub onto a tape, make sure the Erase Protection
tab is in the position that allows recording. If not, slide
the tab. Some cassettes have removable tabs. If the tab
has been removed, cover the hole with adhesive tape.
● Do not press STOP (5) during Insert Editing or Audio
Dubbing, or the edit points will not be accurate.
● During Insert Editing and Audio Dubbing, when InsertPause or Audio Dub-Standby is engaged, the counter
may go slightly past “0:00:00”. Recording, however,
stops at exactly 0:00:00.
40
EN
USING THE REMOTE CONTROL UNIT (GR-SXM470A only) (cont.)
Random Assemble Editing [R.A.Edit]
Create edited videos easily using your camcorder as
the source player. You can select up to 8 “cuts” for
automatic editing, in any order you like. R.A.Edit is
more easily performed when the MBR (Multi-Brand
Remote, pg. 35) is set to operate with your brand
of VCR (see VCR CODE LIST), but can also be
performed by operating the VCR manually.
Before operation, make sure the batteries are
installed in the remote control ( pg. 36).
VCR (Recording deck)
SHIFT
SET REMOTE/VCR CODE
MBR SET
4
3
2
5
1
6
789`
VCR CODE LIST
VCR BRAND
NAME
BUTTONS
(A) (B)
AKAI
6 2
6 4
7 7
BLAUPUNKT
1 3
FERGUSON
9 7
9 8
3 2
GRUNDIG
1 4
3 4
HITACHI
6 6
6 3
JVC A
B
C
9 1
9 6
9 3
MITSUBISHI
6 7
6 8
NEC
3 7
3 8
PANASONIC
1
1
1
9
1
3
7
1
4
8
VCR BRAND
NAME
PHILIPS
SANYO
SELECO,
REX
SHARP
SONY
THOMSON,
TELEFUNKEN,
SABA,
NORDMENDE
TOSHIBA
BUTTONS
(A) (B)
1
9
1
9
9
9
1
3
7
3
3
9
9
1
1
6
6
3
3
9
9
9
3
6
6
9
5
1
4
1
6
2
3
2
6
5
1
6
5
`
5
`
9
1
1
6
7
2
9
1
1
Turn off the power to the VCR and point the
remote towards the VCR’s infrared sensor. Then,
referring to the VCR CODE LIST on the left,
press and hold MBR SET, and press button (A)
and then (B).
•The code is automatically set once you release
MBR SET, and the VCR’s power comes on.
2
Make sure the VCR’s power is on. Then, while
holding SHIFT, press the button on the remote
for the desired function. The functions the
remote can control are PLAY, STOP, PAUSE, FF,
REW and VCR REC STBY (you do not need to
press SHIFT for this one).
You are now ready to try Random Assemble
Editing.
IMPORTANT
Although the MBR is compatible with JVC VCRs and
those of many other makers, it may not work with
yours or may offer limited functions.
NOTES:
● If the VCR’s power does not come on in step 1, try
another code from the VCR CODE LIST.
● Some brands of VCR do not come on automatically. In this case, turn the power on manually and
try step 2.
● If the remote control is not able to control the VCR,
use the controls on the VCR.
● When the remote control’s battery runs out, the
VCR brand you have set will be erased.
In that case, replace the old battery with a new one
and reset the VCR brand.
EN
41
MAKE CONNECTIONS
1
Open
the cover.
To S-Video
Output
connector
S-Video
cable
(provided)
Connect the editing cable to the R.A.EDIT
connector.
VCR OTHER THAN TYPE
To Video Output
and Audio Output
connectors
OR
Connect the editing cable to the remote control’s
PAUSE-IN connector.
2
3
Editing cable
(ø3.5 miniplug cable)
(provided)
Connect the editing cable to the Remote PAUSE
terminal.
JVC VCR NOT EQUIPPED WITH REMOTE
PAUSE TERMINAL BUT EQUIPPED WITH
R.A. EDIT CONNECTOR
To
J terminal
(JLIP)
A/V cable
(provided)
JVC VCR EQUIPPED WITH REMOTE
PAUSE TERMINAL
Insert a recorded tape into the camcorder and set the
Power Switch to “
”.
Turn the VCR power on, insert a recordable tape and
engage the AUX mode (refer to the VCR’s
instructions).
NOTE:
If your VCR has an S-Video input connector, connect the
camcorder and the VCR using the provided S-Video cable.
This can improve the dubbed picture quality.
To Audio, Video
and S-Video Input
connectors
VCR
To Remote
PAUSE
To PAUSE-IN
TV
CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE.
42
EN
USING THE REMOTE CONTROL UNIT (GR-SXM470A only) (cont.)
SELECT SCENES
OFF
M
Y
A
PLA
Remote sensor
Power Switch
REW
EDIT IN/OUT
CANCEL
IN
OU T
–– : –– : ––
1 0 : 00 : 25
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
COUN T E R
0 : 00 : 25
TOT A L
0 : 00 : 00
OU T
IN
1 0 : 00 : 25
0 : 01 : 05
2 0 : 03 : 18
0 : 03 : 31
3 0 : 02 : 33
0 : 02 : 53
–– : –– : ––
4 0 : 04 : 11
5
6
7
8
COUN T E R
0 : 04 : 11
TOT A L
0 : 01 : 13
PLAY
FF
R.A.EDIT
ON/OFF
4
Point the remote control at the camcorder’s remote
sensor. Press PLAY (4), then press R.A.EDIT ON/OFF
on the remote control. The R.A. Edit counter display
appears.
5
Press REW (2) or FF (3) to locate the beginning of
the scene you want, then press EDIT IN/OUT to
register that point. The data appears under “IN” on
the display.
6
Press REW (2) or FF (3) to locate the end of the
scene and press EDIT IN/OUT to register it.
•The data appears under “OUT” on the display.
•The total time of the registered scene(s) is displayed
at the bottom of the screen.
7
8
Repeat steps 5 and 6 for each additional scene
(as many as 8).
To make corrections, press CANCEL during steps 5
and 6 to erase the most recently registered point.
NOTES:
● There must be at least one second between an in-point
and its corresponding out-point.
● To ensure correct operation, there should be at least
15 seconds between an out-point and the next in-point.
● Blank portions of a tape cannot be registered as in-points
or out-points.
● If it takes more than 5 minutes to search for an in-point,
the VCR’s Record-Pause mode is cancelled and editing
does not take place.
● Pressing R.A.EDIT ON/OFF clears all in- and out-points
from memory.
● Leave a small margin for error around each in-point to
ensure the scene is recorded in its entirety.
● Turning off the camcorder’s power erases all registered
in- and out-points.
EN
AUTOMATIC EDITING TO VCR
Original tape (camcorder)
1
IN
OUT
3
IN OUT
2
IN
OUT
Edited tape (VCR)
9
10
REW (2) Button
PAUSE (6) Button
Point the remote control towards the VCR’s infrared
sensor and press VCR REC STBY (q6), or manually
engage the VCR’s Record-Pause mode.
Press the Recording Start/Stop Button on the
camcorder to begin Automatic Editing, and the
previously selected scenes are copied to the VCR in
the specified order.
While editing, the R.A. Edit counter of the scene
which is being copied is shown with a blinking
highlight.
•Pressing START/STOP on the remote control does
not start editing.
12
When all selected scenes have been copied, the
camcorder and VCR enter the Still or Pause mode.
Press STOP (5) on both units. To make the R.A. Edit
counter display disappear, press R.A.EDIT ON/OFF.
•When finished editing, be sure to disconnect the
editing cable and the A/V cable.
NOTES:
● If you performed step 1 on page 41 (“MAKE
CONNECTIONS”), keep the remote control pointed at
the VCR during editing.
● The on-screen display only appears while the camcorder
searches for each scene.
● There may be noise at in- or out-points on the edited
tape with certain VCRs.
Power Switch
Recording Start/Stop Button
Remote Sensor
VCR REC STBY
Rewind the tape in the camcorder to the beginning of
the scene you want to edit and press PAUSE (6).
11
STOP (5) Button
STOP
43
PAUSE
R.A.EDIT
ON/OFF
44
DETAILS
EN
ITEMS
NOTES
➪ Power
( pg. 6)
❍ Perform charging where the temperature is between 10°C and
35°C. 20°C to 25°C is the ideal temperature range for charging. If
the environment is too cold, charging may be incomplete.
❍ Charging times are for a fully discharged battery pack.
❍ Charging time varies according to the ambient temperature and the
status of the battery pack.
❍ To avoid interference with reception, do not use the AC Adapter
near a radio.
❍ Since the AC Adapter processes electricity internally, it becomes
warm during use. Be sure to use it only in well-ventilated areas.
❍ The following operation stops charging or discharging:
• Set the Power Switch to “
”, “ ” or “ ”.
• Disconnect the AC Adapter from the camcorder.
• Unplug the AC Adapter’s power cord from the AC outlet.
• Detach the battery from the camcorder.
➪ Date/Time
❍ The date/time cannot be stored in memory if the built-in clock
battery runs out. Consult an authorised JVC dealer for replacement,
or set the date/time as necessary before you start shooting.
Settings
( pg. 9)
EN
ITEMS
45
NOTES
➪ Recording
( pg. 14, 15)
❍ When the Power Switch is set to “ ” or “ ” and the LCD
monitor is opened at an angle of 60 degrees or more, the LCD
monitor switches on and the viewfinder switches off automatically
to save power (models equipped with LCD monitor only).
❍ The cassette holder cannot be opened unless a power supply is
attached.
❍ There may be a delay after you slide EJECT until the cassette holder
opens. Do not use force.
❍ The time required to calculate the remaining tape length, and the
accuracy of the calculation, may vary according to the type of tape
used.
❍ The tape remaining time indicator is correct only if the correct tape
length has been selected ( pg. 12).
❍ “TAPE END” appears when the tape reaches its end, and the power
goes off automatically if left in this condition for 5 minutes.
“TAPE END” also appears when a cassette whose tape is already at
its end is loaded.
❍ If the Recording Start/Stop button is pressed after the RecordStandby mode has continued for over 5 minutes, recording may not
start immediately.
❍ While shooting, sound is not heard from the speaker (models
equipped with LCD monitor only).
➪ TBC
❍ The “TBC” indicator turns green (grey with a camcorder equipped
with a black/white viewfinder) while TBC is working.
❍ TBC does not work during still playback and shuttle search.
❍ The “TBC” indicator turns white while TBC is not operative.
❍ It may take a few seconds before TBC actually starts working.
❍ The picture may be distorted if the TBC mode is activated or
deactivated at the edit-in/-out points or when normal playback
resumes after still playback or shuttle search.
❍ If the playback picture is distorted when TBC is set to on, turn off
TBC.
(Time Base
Corrector)
( pg. 31)
46
TROUBLESHOOTING
EN
If, after following the steps in the chart below, the problem still exists, please consult your JVC dealer.
The camcorder is a microcomputer-controlled device. External noise and interference (from a TV, a radio,
etc.) might prevent it from functioning properly. In such cases, first disconnect its power supply unit (battery
pack, AC Adapter, etc.); and then re-connect it and proceed as usual from the beginning.
SYMPTOM
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
POWER
No power is supplied.
● The battery pack has not been attached correctly ( pg. 6).
● The battery pack is not charged ( pg. 6).
● The power supply has not been correctly connected
( pg. 6, 7).
The power suddenly goes off and
does not come back on by itself.
● The battery pack has completely discharged.
● Remove the cassette and disconnect the power source, then
after a few minutes, try turning the power back on. If it still
does not come on, consult your nearest JVC dealer.
RECORDING
Recording cannot be performed.
● Make sure the Erase Protection tab is in the position that
allows recording. If not, slide the tab. Some cassettes have
removable tabs. If the tab has been removed, cover the
hole with adhesive tape ( pg. 13).
Recording does not start.
● The camcorder Power Switch has not been set to “
“ ” ( pg. 14).
Animation or Time-Lapse is not
available.
● Before recording in the Animation mode at the very
beginning of a tape, set the camcorder to the Recording
mode for about 5 seconds, so that the tape runs smoothly.
Using the Fade-in function at this point is a good way to
begin an animated programme ( pg. 26).
” or
PLAYBACK
The tape is running, but there is no
playback picture.
● The TV has not been set to its VIDEO mode or channel.
● If A/V connection is used, the TV’s VIDEO/TV Switch has
not been set to VIDEO.
Playback picture is blurred or
interrupted.
● The video heads are dirty or worn out. Consult your nearest
JVC dealer for head cleaning or replacement.
The counter indication is blurred
during Still playback.
● This is normal.
TAPE TRANSPORT
The tape stops during fast-forward or
rewind.
● The Counter Memory Function has been activated
( pg. 31).
Rewinding or fast-forwarding cannot
be performed.
● The tape is already fully wound on one reel or the other.
EN
SYMPTOM
47
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
OTHER
During recording, the indications do
not appear.
● Set “DISPLAY” to “FULL” in SYSTEM MENU ( pg. 24).
The tape will not eject.
● The battery pack is running low.
● If the LCD monitor is not open over 60 degrees, the EJECT
Switch does not function.
Some functions are not available.
● The Power Switch is set to “ ”.
● Certain combinations of modes or effects are not possible
to use.
Vertical white lines appear when
shooting a very bright object.
● This sometimes occurs when the contrast between the
background and the object is great. It is not a defect of the
camcorder.
Bright, crystal-shaped spots appear in
the LCD monitor and the viewfinder.
● Sunlight is directly entering the lens. This is not a defect of
the camcorder.
The rear of the LCD monitor is hot.
● The light used to illuminate the LCD monitor causes it to be
hot. Close the LCD monitor to turn it off or set the Power
Switch to “OFF”, and let the unit cool down.
Coloured bright spots appear all over
the LCD monitor or the viewfinder.
● The LCD monitor and the viewfinder are made with highprecision technology. However, black spots or bright spots
of light (red, green or blue) may appear constantly on the
LCD monitor or in the viewfinder. These spots are not
recorded on the tape. This is not due to any defect of the
unit. (Effective dots: more than 99.99 %.)
The indicators and the picture colour
on the LCD monitor are not clear.
● This may occur when the surface or the edge of the LCD
monitor is pressed.
The LCD monitor, the viewfinder and
the lens have become dirty
(ex. fingerprints).
● Wipe them gently with a soft cloth. Gently wipe in a
semicircular motion, as wiping strongly spreads the stain
and it won’t come out easily.
An error number (i.e. E03) appears.
● Turn the camcorder’s power off, then disconnect the power
source. After a few minutes, try turning the power on again.
If the error number still appears in the viewfinder, consult
your nearest JVC dealer.
The image is out of focus.
● The dioptre needs to be adjusted ( pg. 8).
● The scene being shot is adversely affecting the operation of
Auto Focus ( pg. 28).
The date and time displays
disappear.
● If you remove the power source from the camcorder while
the power is on, all settings and selections are erased. Make
sure to turn the camcorder’s power off before disconnecting
the power source.
The wrong date and time are
displayed/recorded.
● If you have not performed Date/Time Setting ( pg. 9), the
date and time are not displayed/recorded correctly. Be sure
that Date/Time setting is carried out.
Even though the lens cap is detached,
the “LENS CAP” warning indicator
( pg. 51) blinks.
● The “LENS CAP” warning indicator may blink when the
camcorder is used in dark areas, regardless of whether the
lens cap is attached or detached.
48
INDEX Controls, Connectors And Indicators
EN
1 2 3 4 5 y u
6 7 8 9 0!
@
o
p
# $ % ^
i
@
Q
q
w
e
) W
E
R
( rt *
&
T
Y
U
I
EN
49
Controls
Connectors
1 Video Light Switch [LIGHT OFF/AUTO/ON]
The connectors q to t are located beneath the
cover.
q S-Video Output Connector [S]
(GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only) ....................................... pg. 32
w Audio Output Connector [A] ................ pg. 32
e Video Output Connector [V] ................ pg. 32
r J Terminal/Edit Connector
[JLIP (Joint Level Interface Protocol)/EDIT]
• Connect the editing cable when performing
Random Assemble Editing ( pg. 40 – 43).
• It is used to connect the camcorder to a device
such as a personal computer.
For further details consult your nearest JVC
dealer.
• JLIP-controlled editing from camcorder to VCR
is not possible if the VCR is not equipped with a
J terminal.
t DC IN Connector ............................... pg. 6, 7
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
!
@
#
$
%
^
&
*
(
)
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only) ....................... pg. 17
Stop Button [STOP] .............................. pg. 30
•Retake Rewind Button [RETAKE R] ..... pg. 17
•Quick Review Button [
R] ............ pg. 17
•Rewind Button [R] ............................. pg. 30
Play/Pause Button ................................ pg. 30
•Retake Forward Button [RETAKE F] .... pg. 17
•Fast-Forward Button [F] ..................... pg. 30
•Fade/Wipe Button [FADE/WIPE] ........ pg. 19
•Counter Reset/Memory Button
[COUNTER R/M] .............................. pg. 31
Program AE Button [P. AE] .................... pg. 20
Digital Effect Button [DIGIFECT] .......... pg. 21
NIGHT-SCOPE Button
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only) ....................... pg. 18
REFRESH Button .................................... pg. 6
EJECT Switch ....................................... pg. 13
Close Button ........................................ pg. 13
•MENU Wheel [–, +] .......................... pg. 22
•BRIGHT Wheel [–, +]
(models equipped with
LCD monitor only) ...................... pg. 14, 30
•TRACKING Wheel [–, +] ................... pg. 31
•Snapshot Button [SNAPSHOT]
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only) .................... pg. 18
•5-Second Recording Button [5 SEC. REC]
(GR-FXM170A/FXM17A/FX120A/
FX12A only) ...................................... pg. 17
•Power Zoom Lever [T/W] .................. pg. 16
•Speaker Volume Control [VOL.]
(models equipped with
LCD monitor only) ............................ pg. 30
•Picture Stabiliser Button
[P. STABILIZER] ................................. pg. 16
•Time Base Corrector Button [TBC] ..... pg. 31
Power Switch
[
, OFF, , ] ...................... pg. 14, 30
Recording Start/Stop Button .................. pg. 14
Battery Release Switch
[BATTERY RELEASE] .............................. pg. 6
Dioptre Adjustment Control ................... pg. 8
Indicators
y CHARGE Lamp ...................................... pg. 6
u • Power Lamp ..................................... pg. 14
• REFRESH Lamp ................................... pg. 6
Other Parts
i LCD Monitor (models equipped
with LCD monitor only) .................
pg. 14, 15
o Shoulder Strap Eyelets ............................ pg. 8
p Eyepiece
Q Battery Pack Mount ............................... pg. 6
W Viewfinder ............................................. pg. 8
E Speaker (models equipped
with LCD monitor only) .......................
pg. 30
R • Camera sensor
T
Y
U
I
Be careful not to cover this area; a sensor
necessary for shooting is built-in here.
• Remote Sensor
(GR-SXM470A only) .......................... pg. 36
Grip Strap .............................................. pg. 8
Microphone ......................................... pg. 39
Video Light
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only) ....................... pg. 17
Tripod Mounting Socket ......................... pg. 8
50
INDEX Indications
EN
Indications During Recording
1
7
8
9
0
!
@
#
%
$
2 3
5
4
1 2 0M I N
S–ET
REC S P
444 1 N I GH T 1 0 x
S – VHS REC
P AU S E
T40
+0 2
Blinks when a tape is about to reach its end.
2 Recording Mode Indicator (SP/LP) ........ pg. 12
3, 8 Digital Effect Indicator ..................... pg. 21
Displayed at 3 for approx. 2 seconds when
the Digital Effect is switched from one mode to
another by pressing DIGIFECT, then only the
indicator remains at 8.
3, 9 •Program AE Indicator .................... pg. 20
Displayed at 3 for approx. 2 seconds when
Program AE with special effects is switched
from one mode to another by pressing P.AE,
then only the indicator remains at 9.
•Night-Scope Indicator
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only) ............... pg. 18
Displayed at 3 for approx. 2 seconds when
Night-Scope is switched from one mode to
another by pressing NIGHT-SCOPE, then
only the indicator remains at 9.
3, 0 Fade/Wipe-Standby Indicator .......... pg. 19
Displayed at 3 for approx. 2 seconds when
the Fade/Wipe is switched from one effect to
another by pressing FADE/WIPE, then only the
indicator remains at 0.
4 Recording Format Indicator (S/S-ET)
(GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only) ....................................... pg. 10
^
&
MWB
5M I N
1 / 2S
BR I GH T – – – – – – – –6– – – +
CONGRA T U L A T I ON S
25. 12. 01
11 : 45 : 18
1 Tape Remaining Time .......................... pg. 45
6
*
1X
(
a
)
b
5 Tape Length Indicator .......................... pg. 12
6 Zoom Indicator Bar .............................. pg. 16
Zoom Level Indicator
Approximate Zoom Ratio
7 Recording Indicator ............................. pg. 14
! Picture Stabiliser Indicator .................... pg. 16
@ •Interval Time/Recording Time
Indicator ........................................... pg. 26
•5 Sec. Rec Mode Indicator
(GR-FXM170A/FXM17A/FX120A/
FX12A only) ....................................... pg. 17
# Bright Level Indicator (models
equipped with LCD monitor only) ........ pg. 14
$ Instant Title Display ............................. pg. 25
% Date/Time Display ............................... pg. 25
^ Focus Indicator .................................... pg. 28
& Exposure Control Level Counter ........... pg. 27
* White Balance Mode Indicator ............. pg. 29
( S-VHS/S-VHS ET Recording Indicator
(GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only) ....................................... pg. 10
) Record–Standby Mode Indicator .......... pg. 14
EN
Indications During Playback
1 23
4 5
1•
6 7
4
S–ET
–1 : 23 : 45
T BC
MONO T ON E
AT
M– 0 : 1 2 : 3 4
VO L UME
– – – – – –6– – – – – +
9
Warning Indications
Indications
51
8
: Cassette Indicator
Displayed when a tape is loaded.
• w: Insert Editing Indicator .................. pg. 38
Displayed during Insert Editing.
2 TBC Indicator ...................................... pg. 31
3 Playback Special Effect Indicator
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only) ....................... pg. 31
4 Recording Format Indicator (S/S-ET)
(GR-SXM470A/SXM27EA/
SX22EA only) ....................................... pg. 10
5 Tape Counter ................................. pg. 31, 38
6 Tape Running Indicator
4 : Playback
3 : Fast-Forward/Shuttle Search
2 : Rewind/Shuttle Search
6 : Pause
e4 : Audio Dubbing
7 Tracking Indicator ................................ pg. 31
8 Tape Counter ....................................... pg. 38
Displayed only during Insert Editing.
9 • BRIGHT: Bright Level Indicator (models
equipped with LCD monitor only) ..... pg. 30
• VOLUME: Speaker Volume Indicator (models
equipped with LCD monitor only) ..... pg. 30
Function
Displays the battery remaining power.
Remaining power level: high. It does not necessarily
mean that the battery pack is fully charged.
Remaining power level: exhausted
As the battery power comes close to nil, the battery indicator
blinks (battery
power warning).
When the battery power is exhausted, power turns off automatically.
Blinks when no cassette is loaded, or when the Erase Protection tab is not in the position
that allows recording.
( pg. 13)
TAPE END
Appears when the tape ends during recording, playback or fast-forward.
LENS CAP
Appears for 5 seconds after power is turned on if the lens cap is attached.
CONDENSATION
OPERATION PAUSED
PLEASE WAIT
HEAD CLEANING
REQUIRED
USE CLEANING
CASSETTE
E01— E06
UNIT IN
SAFEGUARD MODE
REMOVE AND
REATTACH BATTERY
( pg. 45)
These 2 warnings appear alternately every 3 seconds if condensation occurs. In this case,
all functions except tape eject and power on/off are disabled. Remove the tape, turn the
unit off (without removing the power supply), wait a few minutes for the warnings to
clear, and turn it on again.
These 2 warnings appear alternately every 3 seconds if dirt is detected on the heads
during recording. In this case, use an optional cleaning cassette. If the warning remains
after cleaning, consult your nearest JVC dealer.
The error indications (E01 — E06) show what type of malfunction has occured. If an
error indication and warning appear, turn the unit off, remove the power supply (battery,
etc.) and wait a few minutes for them to clear. When it does, you can resume using the
camcorder. If the indication remains, consult your nearest JVC dealer.
52
CAUTIONS
EN
Video Light
Battery Packs
DANGER:
The battery packs are nickel-cadmium
or nickel metal-hydride batteries.
Before using the supplied battery pack
or an optional battery pack, be sure to
read the following cautions:
1. To avoid hazard . . .
... do not burn.
Terminals
... do not short-circuit the terminals.
... do not modify or disassemble.
... use only specified chargers.
2. To prevent damage and prolong service life . . .
... do not subject to unnecessary shock.
... avoid repeated charging without fully
discharging.
... charge in an environment where temperatures
are within the tolerances shown in the chart
below. This is a chemical reaction type
battery—cooler temperatures impede chemical
reaction, while warmer temperatures can
prevent complete charging.
... store in a cool, dry place. Extended exposure to
high temperatures will increase natural
discharge and shorten service life.
... avoid prolonged uncharged storage.
... remove from charger or powered unit when
not in use, as some machines use current even
when switched off.
NOTES:
● It is normal for the battery pack to be warm after
charging, or after use.
Temperature Range Specifications
Charging .................... 10°C to 35°C
Operation .................. 0°C to 40°C
Storage ...................... –10°C to 30°C
● Recharging time is based on room temperature of
20°C.
● The lower the temperature, the longer recharging
takes.
• The video light becomes extremely hot. Do not
touch it either while in operation or soon after
turning it off, otherwise serious injury may result.
• Do not place the camcorder into the carrying case
immediately after using the video light, since it
remains extremely hot for some time.
• When operating, keep a distance of about 30 cm
between the video light and people or object.
• Do not use near flammable or explosive materials.
• It is recommended that you consult your nearest
JVC dealer for replacing the video light.
General Battery Precautions
If the remote control or cassette adapter is not
functioning even if it is being operated correctly, the
batteries are exhausted. Replace them with fresh
ones.
Use only the following batteries:
Remote control ................. AAA (R03) size x 2
(RM-V716U)
Cassette adapter ............... AA (R6) size x 1
(C-P6U or C-P7U)
Please make note of the following rules for battery
use. When misused, the batteries can leak or
explode.
1. When replacing batteries, refer to page 36 for the
remote control, or read the cassette adapter
(C-P6U/C-P7U) instructions.
2. Do not use any different size of batteries from
those specified.
3. Be sure to install batteries in the correct direction.
4. Do not use rechargeable batteries.
5. Do not expose the batteries to excessive heat as
they can leak or explode.
6. Do not dispose of the batteries in a fire.
7. Remove the batteries from the unit if it is to be
stored for an extended period to avoid battery
leakage which can cause malfunctions.
EN
53
Cassettes
Main Unit
To properly use and store your cassettes, be sure to
read the following cautions:
1. During use . . .
... make sure the cassette bears the S-VHS-C or
VHS-C mark.
... be aware that recording onto prerecorded tapes
automatically erases the previously recorded
video and audio signals.
... make sure the cassette is positioned properly
when inserting.
... do not load and unload the cassette
repeatedly without allowing the tape to run at
all. This slackens the tape and can result in
damage.
... do not open the front tape cover. This exposes
the tape to fingerprints and dust.
2. Store cassettes . . .
... away from heaters or other heat sources.
... out of direct sunlight.
... where they won’t be subject to unnecessary
shock or vibration.
... where they won’t be exposed to strong
magnetic fields (such as those generated by
motors, transformers or magnets).
... vertically, in their original cases.
1. For safety, DO NOT . . .
... open the camcorder’s chassis.
... disassemble or modify the unit.
... short-circuit the terminals of the battery pack.
Keep it away from metallic objects when not in
use.
... allow inflammables, water or metallic objects
to enter the unit.
... remove the battery pack or disconnect the
power supply while the power is on.
... leave the battery pack attached when the
camcorder is not in use.
2. Avoid using the unit . . .
... in places subject to excessive humidity or dust.
... in places subject to soot or steam such as near
a cooking stove.
... in places subject to excessive shock or
vibration.
... near a television set.
... near appliances generating strong magnetic or
electric fields (speakers, broadcasting antennas,
etc.).
... in places subject to extremely high (over 40°C)
or extremely low (under 0°C) temperatures.
3. DO NOT leave the unit . . .
... in places of over 50°C.
... in places where humidity is extremely low
(below 35%) or extremely high (above 80%).
... in direct sunlight.
... in a closed car in summer.
... near a heater.
... in dusty places such as a beach.
4. To protect the unit, DO NOT . . .
... allow it to become wet.
... drop the unit or strike it against hard objects.
... subject it to shock or excessive vibration during
transportation.
... keep the lens directed at extremely bright
objects for long periods.
... direct the eyepiece of the viewfinder at the sun.
... carry it by holding the viewfinder or the LCD
monitor. Be sure to hold the main unit with
both hands or use the grip.
... swing it excessively when using the shoulder
strap.
54
EN
CAUTIONS (cont.)
LCD Monitor
For Your Maintenance
1. To prevent damage to the LCD monitor,
DO NOT . . .
... push it strongly or apply any shocks.
... place the camcorder with the LCD monitor on
the bottom.
2. To prolong service life . . .
... avoid rubbing it with coarse cloth.
3. Be aware of the following phenomena for LCD
monitor use. These are not malfunctions:
• While using the camcorder, the surface around
the LCD monitor and/or the back of the LCD
monitor may heat up.
• If you leave power on for a long time, the surface
around the LCD monitor becomes hot.
1. After Use
1 Set the Power Switch to “OFF” to turn off the
camcorder.
2 Open the LCD monitor to an angle of over 60
degrees. Slide EJECT to open the cassette
holder, then remove the cassette.
3 Close and lock the cassette holder by pressing
the Close button.
4 Close and lock the LCD monitor.
5 Slide BATTERY RELEASE to remove the battery
pack.
6 Attach the provided lens cap to the camcorder’s
lens.
2. Cleaning The Camcorder
1 CLEAN EXTERIOR
Wipe gently with a soft cloth.
Put cloth in diluted mild soap and wring it well
to wipe off heavy dirt, then wipe again with a
dry cloth.
2 CLEAN LCD MONITOR
Open the LCD monitor and wipe it gently with
a soft cloth. Be careful not to damage the
monitor. Close the LCD monitor.
3 CLEAN LENS
Blow it with a blower brush, then wipe it gently
with lens cleaning paper.
4 REMOVE EYEPIECE
Turn the eyepiece counterclockwise and pull it
out.
5 CLEAN VIEWFINDER
Remove dust using a blower brush.
6 RE-ATTACH EYEPIECE
Re-attach the eyepiece and turn it clockwise.
About moisture condensation . . .
● You may have observed that pouring a cold
liquid into a glass will cause drops of water to
form on the glass’ outer surface. This same
phenomenon occurs on the head drum of a
camcorder when it is moved from a cool place
to a warm place, after heating a cold room,
under extremely humid conditions or in a
place directly subjected to the cool air from an
air conditioner.
● Moisture on the head drum can cause severe
damage to the video tape, and can lead to
internal damage to the camcorder itself.
Serious malfunctioning
If malfunctioning occurs, stop using the unit
immediately and consult your local JVC dealer.
NOTES:
● Avoid using strong cleaning agents such as benzine
or alcohol.
● Cleaning should be done only after the battery
pack has been removed or other power units have
been disconnected.
● Mould may form if the lens is left dirty.
● When using a cleaner or chemically treated cloth,
refer to the cautions that came with it.
● When removing the eyepiece, be sure to hold the
viewfinder securely.
SPECIFICATIONS
Camcorder
EN
Lens
General
Format
Power source
Power consumption
Viewfinder on
: S-VHS (GR-SXM470A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA only)/
VHS PAL standard
: DC 11 V
(Using AC Adapter)
DC 6 V
(Using battery pack)
: 4.0 W (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FXM170A/FXM17A/
SXM27EA only)
3.7 W (GR-FX220A/FX120A/
FX12A/SX22EA only)
LCD monitor* on : 4.5 W (GR-SXM470A/
FXM270A/FXM170A/FXM17A/
SXM27EA only)
Video light**
: 3.0 W
* Models equipped with LCD monitor only.
** GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/FX220A/SXM27EA/SX22EA
only.
Signal system
: PAL-type
Video recording system
Luminance
: FM recording
Colour
: Converted sub-carrier
direct recording
Conforms to VHS standard
/
cassette
Cassette
:
Tape speed
SP
: 23.39 mm/sec.
LP
: 11.70 mm/sec.
Recording time (max.)
SP
: 60 minutes
LP
: 120 minutes
(with EC-60 cassette)
Operating
temperature
: 0°C to 40°C
Operating humidity : 35% to 80%
Storage temperature : –20°C to 50°C
Weight
: Approx. 910 g
(GR-SXM470A only)
Approx. 900 g
(GR-FXM270A/FXM170A/
FXM17A/SXM27EA only)
Approx. 730 g
(GR-FX220A/SX22EA only)
Approx. 720 g
(GR-FX120A/FX12A only)
Dimensions
: 200 mm x 112 mm x 118 mm
(W x H x D)
(GR-SXM470A/FXM270A/
FXM170A/FXM17A/SXM27EA
only)
200 mm x 112 mm x 115 mm
(GR-FX220A/FX120A/FX12A/
SX22EA only)
(with the LCD monitor* closed
and with the viewfinder full
tilted downward)
* Models equipped with LCD monitor only.
Pickup
: 1/4" format CCD
55
: F1.6, f = 3.9 mm to 62.4 mm,
16:1 power zoom lens with
auto iris and macro control,
filter diameter 40.5 mm
: Electronic viewfinder with 0.5"
black/white CRT
Viewfinder
White balance
adjustment
LCD monitor
: Auto/Manual adjustment
: 3" diagonally measured,
(models equipped with LCD panel/TFT active matrix
system (GR-SXM470A only)
LCD monitor only)
2.5" diagonally measured, LCD
panel/TFT active matrix system
(GR-FXM270A/FXM170A/
FXM17A/SXM27EA only)
Speaker
: Monaural
(models equipped with
LCD monitor only)
Connectors
JLIP/EDIT
Video
Audio
S-Video
(GR-SXM470A/
SXM27EA/SX22EA
only)
: ø3.5 mm, 4-pole, mini-head
jack (compatible with
RC-5325 plug)
: 1 V (p-p), 75 Ω unbalanced,
analogue output
(via Video output connector)
: 300 mV (rms), 1 kΩ analogue
output
(via Audio output connector)
: Y : 1 V (p-p), 75 Ω,
analogue output
C : 0.29 V (p-p), 75 Ω,
analogue output
AC Adapter AP-V10A/AS/EA
Power requirement
Output
Dimensions
(W x H x D)
Weight
: AC 110 V to 240 V`,
50 Hz/60 Hz
,1A
: DC 11 V
: 59 mm x 31 mm x 84 mm
: Approx. 140 g
(not including Power Cord)
Optional Accessories
• Battery Packs BN-V12U, BN-V20U, BN-V400U
• Compact S-VHS (
) Cassettes SE-C45/30
) Cassettes EC-60/45/30
• Compact VHS (
• Remote Control Unit RM-V700U
• Active Carrying Bag CB-V7U
• Cassette Adapter C-P7U
Some accessories are not available in some areas. Please
consult your nearest JVC dealer for details on accessories
and their availability.
Specifications shown are for SP mode unless otherwise
indicated. E & O.E. Design and specifications subject to
change without notice.
EN
GR-SXM470A
GR-FXM270A
GR-FXM170A
GR-FXM17A
GR-FX220A
GR-FX120A
GR-FX12A
GR-SXM27EA
GR-SX22EA
VICTOR COMPANY OF JAPAN, LIMITED
®Registered Trademark owned by VICTOR COMPANY OF JAPAN, LTD.
COPYRIGHT© 2000 VICTOR COMPANY OF JAPAN, LTD.
A/EA
Printed in Malaysia
1000MKV UN PJ
* *